Ford 1999 F-350 Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
5
Controls and features
22
Seating and safety restraints
82
Starting and driving
Starting
107
Driving
112
Roadside emergencies
144
Servicing
Maintenance and care
169
Capacities and specifications
212
Customer assistance
223
Reporting safety defects
235
Index
236
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval
system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright 娀 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
2
Introduction
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of diesel-powered vehicles
Read the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel Owner’s
Guide Supplement for information regarding correct operation and
maintenance of your diesel-powered light truck.
Notice to owners of utility type vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
Using your vehicle with a snowplow
For more information and guidelines for using your vehicle with a
snowplow, refer to the Driving chapter.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
If your light truck is equipped with the Ford ambulance preparation
package, it may be utilized as an ambulance. Ford urges ambulance
manufacturers to follow the recommendations of the Ford incomplete
vehicle manual, Ford truck body builder’s layout book and the QVM
guidelines as well as pertinent supplements. For additional information,
please contact the Light Truck Body Builders Advisory Service
1–800–635–5560.
Use of your Ford light truck as an ambulance, without the Ford
Ambulance Preparation Package voids the Ford New Vehicle Limited
Warranty and may void the Emissions Warranties. In addition, ambulance
usage without the preparation package could cause high underbody
temperatures, overpressurized fuel and a risk of spraying fuel which
could lead to fires.
3
Introduction
If your vehicle is equipped with the
Ford ambulance preparation
package, it will be indicated on the
Certification label. The label is
located on the driver’s side door
pillar or on the rear edge of the
driver’s door. You can determine
whether the ambulance
manufacturer followed Ford’s
recommendations by directly
contacting that manufacturer. Ford
Ambulance preparation package is
only available on certain 7.3L Diesel
engine equipped vehicles.
Notice to owners with vehicles equipped with Power Take Off
(PTO) capability
Refer to the Driving chapter for more information and guidelines for
operating vehicles equipped with PTO.
4
Instrumentation
5
Instrumentation
Instrument cluster
(pg. 8)
Speed control*
(pg. 67)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 72)
40
FUEL FILL
LOW
FUEL
F
30
50
60
80
100
E
20
40
!
H
- +
18
C
8
P
10
0
80
FUEL
RESET
000000
140
L
BRAKE
4
2
120
H
3
70
60
90
5
1
20
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
P RN
D
100 0
RPM X1000
21
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
6
LOW
RANGE
4X4
PANEL
DIM
O
RES
ON
SET
ACCEL
OFF
COAST
Headlamp control
(pg. 22)
Instrument panel dimmer
switch
(pg. 23)
* if equipped
6
Driver side air bag
(pg. 92)
DOOR
AJAR
Instrumentation
Gearshift lever
(pg. 116)
Electronic sound system
(pg. 29)
VOL - PUSH ON
FM1
AM
FM BASS TREB
BAL
SEEK
SCAN
TUNE
VE
RDRI
OVE
ST
EJ
w
TAPE CD
DISCS
REW
FF
1
SIDE 1-2
2
3
FADE AUTO
SET
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
4X4 4X4
WD HIGH LOW
PASSENGER AIR BAG
OFF
OFF
ON
A/C
MAX
A/C
Climate control system
(pg. 24)
Passenger air bag
deactivate switch
(pg. 96)
OFF
Auxiliary power point
(pg. 24)
4WD control *
(pg. 128)
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
F
50
40
FUEL FILL
LOW
FUEL
60
120
E
20
40
!
H
- +
18
C
8
10
0
80
000000
140
L
BRAKE
4
2
100
60
H
3
70
80
30
90
5
1
20
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
P RN
D
21
100 0
RPM X1000
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
6
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
RANGE
4X4
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early reminder of a
low fuel condition indicated on the
LOW
fuel gauge. The light comes on when
FUEL
there is approximately 1/16th of a
tank indicated on the fuel gauge
(refer to Fuel Gauge in this chapter for more information). The ignition
must be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level.
Service engine soon (Federal only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
I). This OBD I system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
government emission standards. The OBD I system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Check Engine/Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates
when the ignition is first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If
it comes on after the engine is started, one of the engine’s emission
control systems may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without
a driveability concern being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable
and will not require towing.
8
Instrumentation
What you should do if the Check Engine/Service Engine Soon light
illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD I system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
These and other temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the
fuel tank with good quality fuel. After three driving cycles without these
or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check Engine/Service
Engine Soon light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold
engine startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional
vehicle service is required.
If the Check Engine/Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your
vehicle serviced at the first available opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Service engine soon (California only)
Your vehicle is equipped with a
SERVICE
computer that monitors the engine’s
ENGINE
emission control system. This
SOON
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the
environment by ensuring that your vehicle continues to meet
government emission standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates when the ignition is
first turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
9
Instrumentation
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service Engine Soon light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with good quality fuel and/or properly installing and securely tightening
the gas cap. After three driving cycles without these or any other
temporary malfunctions present, the Service Engine Soon light should
turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine startup followed by
mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have your vehicle serviced
at the first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
10
Instrumentation
Transmission control indicator light (TCIL) (if equipped)
The word OFF located on the end
of the gearshift lever is the
OVERDRIVE
transmission control indicator light
(TCIL).
The TCIL may flash steadily if a
malfunction is detected. If the TCIL is flashing, contact your Ford dealer
as soon as possible. If this condition persists, damage to the transmission
could occur.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
position, the engine is off and the
parking brake is engaged. If the
brake warning lamp does not
illuminate at this time, seek service immediately. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
ABS
and the engine is off. If the light
remains on, continues to flash or
fails to illuminate, have the system
serviced immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system
is disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with parking brake released.
11
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when four-wheel drive
low is engaged. If the light continues
to flash have the system serviced.
Four wheel drive indicator (if equipped)
This light momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to ON.
Illuminates when 4x4 range is
engaged.
12
LOW
RANGE
4x4
Instrumentation
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
DOOR
AJAR
Oil pressure/Engine coolant
This light will illuminate when the
ignition is in the ON position and
the:
• engine coolant temperature is
very high
• engine oil pressure is low
• engine is off
The light serves as a notice that a system needs your attention and to
check the engine coolant temperature gauge and the engine oil pressure
gauge.
Refer to Engine coolant temperature gauge and Engine oil pressure
gauge in this chapter for more information.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the ignition key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or
ACC position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition in the
OFF position (and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is
opened.
13
Instrumentation
GAUGES
F
50
40
FUEL FILL
LOW
FUEL
60
120
E
20
40
!
H
- +
18
C
8
10
0
80
000000
140
L
BRAKE
4
2
100
60
H
3
70
80
30
90
5
1
20
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
P RN
D
21
100 0
RPM X1000
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
6
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
RANGE
4X4
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
ignition is in the ON position). The
fuel gauge may vary slightly when
the vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
vehicle from empty indication, the amount of fuel that can be added will
be less than the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
14
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
H
C
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
15
Instrumentation
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
40
50
70
80
30
60
60
100
80
120
20
10
0
40
000000
140
90
20
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
100
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer in the red zone may damage
the engine.
Battery voltage gauge
This gauge shows the battery
voltage when the ignition is in the
ON position. If the pointer moves
and stays outside the normal
operating range (as indicated), have
the vehicle’s electrical system
checked as soon as possible.
18
8
16
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
H
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
TRIP COMPUTER (IF EQUIPPED)
The trip computer tells you about the condition of your vehicle through
a constant monitor of vehicle systems. You may select display features on
the trip computer for a display of status.
The appearance of your vehicle’s trip computer may differ depending on
your vehicle’s option package, but the functions are the same.
The trip computer only operates with the ignition in the ON position.
Trip computer features follow:
Selectable features
English/metric display
Press this control to change the trip
computer display between metric
and English units.
MODE
E/M
17
Instrumentation
Mode control
Each press of the MODE control will
display a different feature as follows:
Average fuel economy. The
MODE
E/M
display will indicate the vehicle’s
average fuel economy in liters/100
km (or miles/gallon) since the
average fuel economy was last reset.
If you calculate your average fuel
economy by dividing liters of fuel
used by 100 kilometers traveled
(miles traveled by gallons used), your figure may be different than
displayed for the following reasons:
• your vehicle was not perfectly level during fill-up
• differences in the automatic shut-off points on the fuel pumps at
service stations
• variations in top-off procedure from one fill-up to another
• rounding of the displayed values to the nearest 0.1 liter (gallon)
To reset the average fuel economy:
1. Press the MODE control repeatedly until average fuel economy is
displayed (this is the only resettable display).
2. Press the E/M and MODE
controls simultaneously. The display
will illuminate the “AVG” indicator.
MODE
E/M
While the indicator is lit, release
both controls to reset the average
fuel economy.
Fuel range. This displays the approximate number of kilometers (miles)
left to drive before the fuel tank is empty. The indicated distance to
empty may be inaccurate:
• with sustained, drastic changes in fuel economy (such as trailer
towing), but will eventually recover.
18
Instrumentation
• if the vehicle is started while parked on an incline.
• if less than 30 liters (8 gallons) of fuel is added to the fuel tank.
The fuel range function will flash for 5 seconds at the following distances
based on fuel remaining and fuel economy calculations:
• 80 km (50 miles)
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
Off. In this mode the display is off.
Outside air temperature
The temperature can be displayed in
Centigrade or Fahrenheit by
pressing the E/M control.
MODE
E/M
If the outside temperature falls
below 3°C (38°F), the display will
alternate from “ICE” to the outside
temperature at a two second rate
for one minute.
Compass
The compass display is contained in
the overhead console. The vehicle heading is displayed as one of N, NE,
E, SE, S, SW, W and NW.
The compass heading is displayed in average fuel economy modes, fuel
range modes and temperature modes.
The compass reading may be affected when you drive near large
buildings, bridges, power lines and powerful broadcast antenna. Magnetic
or metallic objects placed in or on the vehicle may also affect compass
accuracy. Adjustments may need to be made to the zone and calibration
of the compass.
19
Instrumentation
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which magnetic zone
you are in for your geographic
location by referring to the zone
map.
2. Locate the trip computer on the
overhead console.
3. Turn ignition to the ON position.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
4. Press and hold both trip
computer controls. After
approximately four seconds, the trip
MODE
E/M
computer will enter zone setting
mode. Zone setting mode is
indicated when the display lights the
“ZONE” indicator.
5. Release both controls.
Subsequent pressing of either
control will increment the zone.
Press the control repeatedly until the correct zone setting for your
geographic location is displayed on the trip computer.
6. To exit the zone setting mode and save the displayed zone in memory,
release both controls for greater than five seconds.
20
Instrumentation
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
For optimum calibration, turn off all electrical accessories (heater/air
conditioning, wipers, etc.) and make sure all vehicle doors are shut.
1. Locate the trip computer located in the overhead console.
2. Start the vehicle.
3. Press and hold both trip
computer controls. After
approximately 8 seconds, the trip
MODE
E/M
computer will enter CAL mode. CAL
mode is indicated when the display
lights the “CAL” indicator.
4. Release both controls. The display
will return to normal, except that
the CAL indicator will remain lit
until the compass is sucessfully
calibrated.
5. Slowly drive the vehicle in a circle (less than 5 km/h [3 mph]) until
the CAL indicator turns off. It may take up to five circles to complete
calibration.
6. The compass is now calibrated.
21
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
P
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
22
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
PANEL
DIM
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
23
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
The auxiliary power point is located
on the instrument panel.
Do not plug optional electrical
accessories into the cigarette lighter.
Use the power point.
POWER POINT
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
OFF
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
Temperature control
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
24
OFF
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
(Panel) -Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
(Panel and floor) -Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts.
(Floor) -Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air
through the floor ducts.
(Floor and defrost) -Distributes outside air through the floor
ducts and the windshield defroster ducts.
(Defrost) -Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
before driving. This will help to reduce
• In humid weather, select
your windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats (if equipped).
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
25
Controls and features
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or a sudden stop.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except
(Panel) and
(Floor). However, the air conditioning will only
function if the outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct. In snowy or dirty conditions, leave the mode selector in the OFF
position.
26
Controls and features
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel) -Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
(Panel and floor) -Distributes outside air through the instrument
•
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full
hot and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts
will be slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
(Floor) -Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
•
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
(Floor and defrost) -Distributes outside air through the
•
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be
slightly warmer than the air sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If
the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
(Defrost) -Distributes outside air through the windshield
•
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
27
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce your
windshield from fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats (if equipped).
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument panel, be careful to
not place them over the defroster outlets. These objects can block
airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield. Also,
avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel. These
objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block airflow and
possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
28
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
AM/FM Stereo
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
AM / FM STEREO
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
29
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH
ON
VOL
PUSH
ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
30
Controls and features
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
to find the next
• Press
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to four preset AM stations and eight
FM stations (four in FM1 and four in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
31
Controls and features
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
With the electronic AM/FM stereo,
press the TONE control once, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
level.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
With the electronic AM/FM stereo,
press the TONE control twice, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
level.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
With the electronic AM/FM stereo,
press the TONE control three times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the level.
Speaker fade adjust (if equipped)
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
With the electronic AM/FM stereo,
press the TONE control four times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the level.
32
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Controls and features
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press:
•
•
TONE
CLK
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press:
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
TONE
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
SEEK
SEEK
to increase minutes.
•
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to
switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for ten
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station,
etc.), the media information will again display for ten seconds before
33
Controls and features
reverting back to the clock. In media mode, the media information will
always be displayed.
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
34
4
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
to move to the next
• Press
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
35
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
36
2
3
4
5
6
Controls and features
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
37
Controls and features
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
CLK
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
To activate the feature, momentarily
AMS
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the
beginning of the current selection) or FF (to advance to the next
selection). The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when the AMS
circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least 4 seconds duration between programs.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
38
SIDE
REW
EJ
1-2
FF
Controls and features
Dolby姞 noise reduction
Dolby威 noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolby威 reduces
4
the amount of hiss and static during
tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolby威 noise reduction.
Press the
The noise reduction system is manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press:
•
•
CLK
TAPE
AMS
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press:
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
CLK
TAPE
AMS
39
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information, etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media information will display for ten seconds,
when the radio is turned on, and then revert to clock information.
Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media
information will again display for ten seconds before reverting back to
the clock. In media mode, the media information will always be
displayed.
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD/Premium Sound
DISC
VOL PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
40
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
41
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD changer mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
to move to the next
• Press
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
to select the previous
• Press
SEEK
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the remaining
discs.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the control to fast-forward through the
remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
42
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD or CD changer (if equipped)
to seek to the previous
• Press
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the
beginning.
SEEK
to seek forward to the
• Press
TUNE
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
43
Controls and features
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
AM
FM
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
44
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner of your original
presets.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
to decrease the bass output
•
and
to increase the bass output.
•
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
45
Controls and features
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease the treble output
and
to increase the treble output.
•
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
to shift sound to the left and
•
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
to shift the sound to the
•
front and
to shift the sound to the rear.
•
46
BAL
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. If returning from
radio or tape mode, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
With the dual media audio system, press the CD control to toggle
between single CD and CD changer play (if equipped).
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
47
Controls and features
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
EJ
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
EJ
Dolby noise reduction
Dolby noise reduction reduces the
amount of hiss and static during
4
tape playback. Press the control to
activate (and deactivate) the noise
reduction.
Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolby” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode (if equipped) and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
48
Controls and features
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock
module, (other than the digital radio
display), the CLK button will not
function in the above manner.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
49
Controls and features
The CLK button will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for ten
CLK
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media
is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media information will again
display for ten seconds before reverting back to the clock. In media
mode, the media information will always be displayed.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
EJ
MUTE
MACH姞 Audio System with AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL - PUSH ON
EJ
FM1
MUTE
ST
AM
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
FADE
RDS
SEEK
TUNE
50
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
SEL
4
BAL
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
Controls and features
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain your preset
volume level, turn the audio system off with the power control before
switching off the ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
51
Controls and features
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
to move to the next
• Press
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
to select the previous
• Press
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue
reversing through the disc.
to select the next disc
• Press
in the CD changer. Hold the
control to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
52
SEEK
TUNE
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD changer (if equipped)
to seek to the previous
• Press
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you
, the CD changer will
press
replay that selection from the
beginning.
SEEK
to seek forward to the
• Press
TUNE
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
53
Controls and features
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with
AM
FM
the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune
adjust or Seek function for more information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset
1
2
3
5
4
control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
COMP
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
54
SHUFFLE
6
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
AUTO
3. When the first six strong stations
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
RDS
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
to decrease bass output and
•
to increase bass output.
•
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
55
Controls and features
Press the TREB control then press:
•
to decrease treble output and
to increase treble output.
•
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
to shift sound to the left and
•
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
to shift sound to the front
•
and
to shift sound to the rear.
•
56
BAL
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Tape/CD/CD changer (if equipped) select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CD(s) are
loaded), press the CD control.
TAPE
CD
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
If equipped with a CD changer, press the CD control to toggle between
single CD and CD changer play.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
57
Controls and features
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape and/or a CD.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
Dolby noise reduction
Dolby noise reduction reduces the
amount of hiss and static during
4
tape playback. Press the control to
activate (and deactivate) the noise
reduction.
Dolby noise reduction manufactured under license from Dolby
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolby” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode and plays all tracks on the
6
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
shuffle feature continues to the next
disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
58
Controls and features
Setting the clock
Press the clock/RDS control until
SELECT HOUR is displayed and
press:
AUTO
RDS
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
To set the minute, press the
clock/RDS control until SELECT
MIN is displayed and press:
SEL
AUTO
RDS
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEL
59
Controls and features
Radio Data System (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive text information
from RDS-equipped FM radio
stations.
Press and hold the control for three
seconds to turn the feature on or
off. Press the control to scroll
through the following selections:
RDS traffic announcement
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
AUTO
RDS
AUTO
RDS
• Use the SELECT control to select
ON or OFF. With the feature ON,
use the SEEK or SCAN control to
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
60
SEL
Controls and features
RDS select program type
• Press the RDS control until FIND
program type is displayed.
AUTO
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or AUTOSET
or SCAN control to find the
desired program type from the
following selections:
• Classic
• Country
• Info
• Jazz/R&B
• Religious
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
RDS show
• With the RDS menu enabled,
press the RDS control until
SHOW is displayed.
SEL
AUTO
RDS
61
Controls and features
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE, NAME, TEXT or NONE.
When your radio is turned to a
RDS station, RDS station TYPE,
station NAME, or TEXT message
will be displayed along with the
frequency. Press SEL in order to
scroll through the text messages.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
SEL
EJ
MUTE
CD changer (if equipped)
The CD changer is located behind the driver’s seat in your vehicle.
Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
62
Controls and features
Press
to eject the magazine.
Make sure only one disc is inserted
in each slot. Each disc must be
inserted with the label surface
upward. Depending on your system,
you may insert up to six or ten CDs.
COMPACT
DIGITAL AUDIO
6
5
4
3 6 COMPACT DISC MAGAZINE
2
1
The magazine does not need to be
full for the changer to operate.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove compartment when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
63
Controls and features
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after ten to
twelve hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
64
Controls and features
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) establish the frequencies
AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies
are:
• AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHza
• FM 87.9b , 88.1–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
a
Some radios may tune up to 1710 kHz.
b
Some radios may tune down to 87.7 MHz.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
65
Controls and features
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
3
accessories such as the radio to
2
operate while the engine is not
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
4
1
lever and allows key removal.
5
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
66
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
67
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. Release the control
when the desired vehicle speed is
RES
reached or
• Press and release SET/SET ACC/
SET
ACCEL
SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by
COAST
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
68
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
69
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal (if
equipped)
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
70
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RES
SET
ACCEL
COAST
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control to
lock the steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
71
Controls and features
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle. The
washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
HIGH BEAMS
Push forward to activate.
72
Controls and features
FLASH TO PASS
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts to second, third and
fourth gear.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
OVERDRIVE
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) (the word OFF) will
illuminate on the end of the gearshift lever.
The transmission will operate in
gears one through three. To return
OVERDRIVE OFF
to normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL (the word OFF) will no
longer be illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
73
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
AUTO
74
Controls and features
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
WINDOW LOCK
To lock out all the window controls
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right side to restore the window controls.
Accessory delay (if equipped)
With accessory delay, the window switches may be used for up to ten
minutes after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position or until
any door is opened.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
L
U
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
The ignition must be in ACC or ON position to adjust the power side
view mirrors.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
75
Controls and features
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
MIRRORS
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
Fold-away mirrors
Pull the side mirrors in carefully
when driving through a narrow
space, like an automatic car wash.
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of console features. These
include:
• utility compartment with
cassette/CD holder
• coin holder
• pen holder
• writing surface
76
Controls and features
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn
will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
77
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
78
Controls and features
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
79
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer if service is required.
If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed), perform the following
procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters
yourself, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON
eight times in rapid succession
(within 10 seconds) ending in ON. After doors lock/unlock, press any
control on all transmitters (up to four). When completed, turn the
ignition to OFF. The doors will lock/unlock one last time to confirm
completion of program mode.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
Reprogramming transmitters
To reprogram all transmitters, place the key in the ignition and turn from
OFF to ON eight times in a row (within 10 seconds). After doors
lock/unlock, press any control on all transmitters (up to four). When
completed, turn the ignition to OFF.
All transmitters must be reprogrammed at the same time.
80
Controls and features
TAILGATE LOCK (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle is equipped with a
tailgate lock designed to prevent
theft of the tailgate.
• Insert ignition key and turn to the
right to engage lock.
• Turn ignition key to the left to
unlock.
Tailgate removal
Your tailgate is removable to allow
more room for loading.
1. Lower the tailgate.
2. Use a screwdriver to pry the
spring clip (on each connector) past
the head of the support screw.
Disconnect cable.
3. Disconnect the other cable.
4. Lift tailgate to a 45 degree angle.
5. Lift right side off of its hinge.
6. Lift left side off of its hinge.
To install, follow the removal
procedures in reverse order.
81
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Full bench seat (if equipped)
• Lift the release bar to move the
seat forward or backward. Ensure
that the seat is relatched into
place.
• Pull up on the release lever to
quickly fold the seatback forward.
60/40 split bench seat (if equipped)
• Lift the release bar to move the
seat forward or backward. Ensure
the seat is relatched into place.
• Pull the seatback handle up to
recline the seat.
• Push down the release lever
located on the back of the seat to
quickly fold the seatback forward.
82
Seating and safety restraints
Captain’s chair (if equipped)
• Lift the release bar to move the
seat forward or rearward. Make
sure that the seat is relatched
into place.
• Pull the seatback handle up to
recline the seat.
• Push the release lever down to
quickly fold the seatback forward.
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Press to raise or lower the front
portion of the seat cushion.
83
Seating and safety restraints
Press to raise or lower the rear
portion of the seat cushion.
Press the control to move the seat
forward, backward, up or down.
Using the manual lumbar support
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the front of vehicle to
increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
toward the rear of vehicle to
increase softness.
84
Seating and safety restraints
Rear folding bench seat (if equipped)
Folding down the rear seats
All safety belts should be
properly stowed in the seat
pockets before folding down the
rear seat.
Make sure that no objects such as
books, purses or briefcases are on
the floor in front of the second row
seats before folding them down.
1. Locate the strap on the rear of
the lower seat cushion.
2. Lift the strap and rotate the lower
seat cushion toward the front of the
vehicle.
3. Locate the strap below the
seatback.
4. Pull downward on the strap to
release the seatback.
5. Rotate the seatback forward.
Returning the seat to upright
Always latch the vehicle seat to the floor, whether the seat is
occupied or empty. If not latched, the seat may cause injury
during a sudden stop.
85
Seating and safety restraints
1. Lift/rotate the seatback toward the rear of the vehicle and make sure
it latches securely.
2. Lift/rotate the lower seat cushion to its seating position.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
86
Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will lock to help
reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
On SuperCab and CrewCab models, the front seat belt system can also
be made to lock manually by quickly pulling on the shoulder belt.
Rear seat belts (if equipped) cannot be made to lock up by pulling
quickly on the belt.
87
Seating and safety restraints
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Refer to Safety
Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for Children later in this
chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
88
Seating and safety restraints
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
control down. To raise the height of
the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjustment assembly to make sure it
is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
89
Seating and safety restraints
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
90
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates for one to two minutes
and the warning chime sounds for
four to eight seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), child safety seat tether bracket
assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware, should be inspected
after a collision. Ford recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in
vehicles involved in a collision be replaced. However, if the collision was
minor and a qualified technician finds that the belts do not show damage
and continue to operate properly, they do not need to be replaced.
Safety belt assemblies not in use during a collision should also be
inspected and replaced if either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
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Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
40
F
H
50
60
60
70
80
30
3
VOL - PUSH ON
80
AM
FM BASS TREB
1
40
140
20
10
0
2
100
120
20
H
18
90
FM1
ST
BAL
km/h
100
AUTO
SET
4
SEEK
RPM x 1000
SCAN
TUNE
EJ
w
DOLBY B NR
TAPE CD
DISCS
P
FADE
DIESEL FUEL ONLY
160
MPH
REW
FF
1
SIDE 1-2
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
PANEL
DIM
OFF
O
A/C
MAX
A/C
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (ten [10]
inches) between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
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Seating and safety restraints
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly restrained. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of injury in a collision.
An infant in a rear-facing seat faces a high risk of serious or fatal
injuries from a deploying passenger air bag. Rear facing infant
seats should NEVER be placed in the front seats, unless the passenger
air bag is turned off. See Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch.
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Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are
designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover,
side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor burns, abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there
is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not
properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
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Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger (if equipped) air bag modules (which include the
inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch (if equipped)
An air bag ON/OFF switch
has been installed in this
vehicle. Before driving, always
look at the face of the switch to
be sure the switch is in the proper
position in accordance with these
instructions and warnings. Failure
to put the switch in a proper
position can increase the risk of
serious injury or death in a
collision.
Turning the passenger air bag off
1. Insert the ignition key, turn the
switch to OFF position and hold in
OFF position while removing the
key.
2. When the ignition is turned to the
ON position the OFF light
illuminates briefly, momentarily
shuts off and then turns back on.
This indicates that the passenger air
bag is deactivated.
PASSENGER AIRBAG
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
ON
OFF
OFF
If the light fails to illuminate when the passenger air bag switch
is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.
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Seating and safety restraints
In order to avoid inadvertent activation of the switch, always
remove the ignition key from the passenger air bag ON/OFF
switch.
Turning the passenger air bag back on
The passenger air bag remains OFF until you turn it back ON.
1. Insert the ignition key and turn
the switch to ON.
PASSENGER AIRBAG
2. The OFF light will briefly
OFF
ON
illuminate when the ignition is
turned to On. This indicates that the
OFF
passenger air bag is operational.
If the light is illuminated when the passenger air bag switch is in
the ON position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.
The passenger side air bag should always be ON (the air bag OFF light
should not be illuminated) unless the passenger is a person who meets
the requirements stated either in Category 1, 2 or 3 of the
NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation criteria which follows.
The safety belts for the driver and right front passenger seating
positions have been specifically designed to function together
with the air bags in certain types of crashes. When you turn OFF your
air bag, you not only lose the protection of the air bag, you also may
reduce the effectiveness of your safety belt system, which was
designed to work with the air bag. If you are not a person who meets
the requirements stated in the NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation
criteria turning OFF the air bag can increase the risk of serious injury
or death in a collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children who are 12 and younger in the rear
seat. Always use safety belts and child restraints properly. If a
child in a rear facing infant seat must be transported in front, the
passenger air bag must be turned OFF. This is because the back of the
infant seat is too close to the inflating air bag and the risk of a fatal
injury to the infant when the air bag inflates is substantial.
The vast majority of drivers and passengers are much safer with an air
bag than without. To do their job and reduce the risk of life threatening
injuries, air bags must open with great force, and this force can pose a
potentially deadly risk in some situations, particularly when a front seat
occupant is not properly buckled up. The most effective way to reduce
the risk of unnecessary air bag injuries without reducing the overall
safety of the vehicle is to make sure all occupants are properly
restrained in the vehicle, especially in the front seat. This provides the
protection of safety belts and permits the air bags to provide the
additional protection they were designed to provide. If you choose to
deactivate your air bag, you are losing the very significant risk reducing
benefits of the air bag and you are also reducing the effectiveness of the
safety belts, because safety belts in modern vehicles are designed to
work as a safety system with the air bags.
Read all air bag Warning labels in the vehicle as well as the other
important air bag instructions and Warnings in this Owner’s Guide.
NHTSA deactivation criteria (excluding Canada)
1. Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• the vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facing
infant seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front so that
the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
2. Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
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Seating and safety restraints
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever
possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front
because no space is available in the rear seat(s) of the vehicle; or
• the child has a medical condition which, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition. A passenger has a medical condition which,
according to his or her physician:
• causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk for the passenger;
and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or
windshield in a crash.
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the NHTSA deactivation
criteria.
Transport Canada deactivation criteria (Canada Only)
1. Infant: An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• the rear seat in my vehicle cannot accommodate a rear-facing infant
seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can monitor the infant’s condition.
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Seating and safety restraints
2. Child age 12 or under: A child age 12 or under must ride in the
front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children age 12 and under ride in the rear seat whenever
possible, children age 12 and under have no option but to sometimes
ride in the front seat because rear seat space is insufficient; or
• the child has a medical condition that, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition: A passenger has a medical condition that,
according to his or her physician:
• poses a special risk for the passenger if the air bag deploys; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag deployment
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
experiencing a crash without the protection offered by the air bag
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the Transport Canada
deactivation criteria.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
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Seating and safety restraints
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can be
positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or neck,
the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child closer to
the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
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Seating and safety restraints
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure
the tongue is securely fastened in
the buckle.
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Seating and safety restraints
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions)(if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
should never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger air
bag switch is turned off, See Passenger air bag deactivation switch.
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Seating and safety restraints
Rear facing child seats should NEVER be placed in the front
seats.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear and feel the latch engage.
Make sure the tongue is latched
securely by pulling on it.
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Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
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Seating and safety restraints
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
A tethered seat can be installed in the front seat. Put the tether strap
over the seatback and attach it to an anchor bracket.
An anchor bracket can be installed to the inside of the back panel of
your vehicle.
The anchor bracket must be installed using the instructions provided
with the tether anchorage hardware kit.
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
If you have a SuperCab or Crew Cab, Ford recommends you attach
tether safety seats in the rear seating position (if possible) with the
tether strap attached to the tether anchorage bracket as shown in the
instructions provided with the tether anchor kit.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
106
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system. This system meets
all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten
minutes at high engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
107
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
•
If
•
•
Make sure the gearshift is in P (Park).
starting a vehicle with a manual transmission:
Make sure the parking brake is set.
Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
3
5
2
1
108
Starting
F
50
40
FUEL FILL
LOW
FUEL
60
120
E
20
40
!
H
- +
18
C
8
10
0
80
000000
140
L
BRAKE
4
2
100
60
H
3
70
80
30
90
5
1
20
ABS
160
MPH 0 0 0 0 km/h
P RN
D
100 0
RPM X1000
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
21
6
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
RANGE
4X4
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light may not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
4
3
5
2
1
2. If the temperature is above –12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten
seconds and try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the engine does not
start in fifteen seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait ten
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while holding the
accelerator down to the floor. Release the accelerator when the engine
starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
109
Starting
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the
engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster
and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an
engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region
where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in
at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for
longer than three hours will not harm the engine, so the heater can be
plugged in the night before starting the vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
110
Starting
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
111
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Rear anti-lock brake system (RABS) (if equipped)
Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS) is designed to help you maintain
directional stability in emergency stopping situations. With RABS, the
rear brakes are kept from locking during panic stops; however, the front
wheels can lock because they are not controlled by RABS.
A clicking noise and slight pedal pulsation during RABS braking events
indicates the RABS is functioning. Pedal pulsation coupled with clicking
noise while braking under panic conditions on loose gravel, wet or snowy
roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s RABS. If
the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel
while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
The RABS operates by detecting the onset of rear wheel lockup during
brake applications and compensating for this tendency.
RABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster illuminates if a RABS
fault is detected. Have your vehicle serviced as soon as possible.
Normal braking is still effective
unless the BRAKE warning lamp is
also illuminated.
112
Driving
Using RABS
• In an emergency, applying full pressure may cause the front wheels to
lock. If the front brakes lock, the vehicle cannot be steered. You
should apply the brakes with steadily increasing force, as if
“squeezing” the brakes. If you feel the front wheels begin to lock,
momentarily release the pedal and repeat the “squeeze” technique.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with how the RABS
performs. However, avoid unnecessary risks.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check at 17 km/h (10
mph) after you start the engine and begin to drive away. A brief
mechanical noise may be heard during this test. This is normal. If a
malfunction is found, the ABS warning light will come on. If the vehicle
has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel while braking,
the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensating for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during
hard braking with loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
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Driving
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
braking is still effective unless the
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous full force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
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Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Pull the release lever to release the
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
BRAKE RELEASE
STEERING YOUR VEHICLE
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
position for more than a few seconds when the engine is running. This
action could damage the power steering pump.
If the amount of effort needed to steer your vehicle changes at a
constant vehicle speed, have the power steering system checked. If the
power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned off), you
can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
After any severe impact such as striking large potholes, sliding into curbs
on icy roads or a collision involving the front end, have the front
suspension and steering checked for possible damage.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
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Driving
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
TRANSMISSION OPERATION
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift from being moved from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is
depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park) with the brake pedal
depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift, it is
possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine may
overheat.
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Driving
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
Pull the gearshift lever towards you and downward to move the
automatic gearshift.
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift is securely latched
in P (Park). This position locks the
transmission and prevents the rear
wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
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Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of
the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) (the word OFF) on the
end of the gearshift lever will
illuminate.
OVERDRIVE OFF
OVERDRIVE
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS) on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift
position. The TCIL (the word OFF) will illuminate on the
in the
gearshift lever. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is
useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine downhill braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer
to Driving while you tow in the Trailer towing section.
(Overdrive) mode, press the Transmission Control
To return to
Switch (TCS). The TCIL (the word OFF) will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
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Driving
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low)
at higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
MANUAL TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents cranking the engine unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a manual transmission, you must:
1. Put gearshift in N (Neutral).
2. Hold down brake pedal.
R 1 3 D
1 3 D
3. Depress clutch pedal.
2
4
R
L 2 4
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Driving
4. Turn ignition to position 5
(START) to start the engine, let the
engine idle for a few seconds, then
shift into gear.
5. Release the brake pedal.
6. Release clutch slowly while
pressing down slowly on the
accelerator pedal.
4
3
5
2
1
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal and do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions will seriously reduce clutch life.
Recommended shift speeds
Downshift according to the following charts for your specific
engine/drivetrain combination:
1
2
Maximum downshift speeds 1
5-speed transmission
Shift from:
Transfer case position (if equipped)2
2H or 4H
4L
D (Overdrive) - 4
72 km/h (45 mph)
35 km/h (22 mph)
4-3
56 km/h (35 mph)
23 km/h (14 mph)
3-2
32 km/h (20 mph)
13 km/h (8 mph)
2-1
8 km/h (5 mph)
0 km/h (0 mph)
Use 2H or 4H for 4WD equipped vehicles.
Downshift at lower speeds when driving on slippery surfaces.
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Driving
1
2
Maximum downshift speeds 1
6-speed transmission
Shift from:
Transfer case position (if equipped)2
2H or 4H
4L
D (Overdrive) - 4
72 km/h (45 mph)
26 km/h (16 mph)
4-3
56 km/h (35 mph)
19 km/h (12 mph)
3-2
32 km/h (20 mph)
13 km/h (8 mph)
2-1
8 km/h (5 mph)
3 km/h (2 mph)
1 - LO
Only shift to LO when at a stop.
Use 2H or 4H for 4WD equipped vehicles.
Downshift at lower speeds when driving on slippery surfaces.
Parking your vehicle
1. Disengage the clutch, apply brake
and shift into N (Neutral).
1
3
D
R 1 3 D
2
4
R
L 2 4
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Driving
2. Set parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition key to position
3 (OFF).
4
3
5
2
1
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
Reverse
Make sure that your vehicle is at a complete stop before you shift into
R (Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift in N (Neutral) and wait at least three seconds before
shifting into R (Reverse).
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Driving
With the 5-speed transmission you
can shift into R (Reverse) only by
moving the gearshift from left of 3
(Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before
you shift into R (Reverse). This is a
special lockout feature that protects
you from accidentally shifting into R
(Reverse) when you downshift from
D (Overdrive).
With the 6-speed transmission you
can shift into R (Reverse) by
moving the gearshift left from N
(Neutral).
1
3
D
2
4
R
R 1 3 D
L 2 4
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Driving
Removing key from ignition
• Turn the ignition key until it
stops.
• Push the release lever forward
and rotate the key towards you
and remove.
POWER TAKE OFF (PTO) CAPABILITY (IF EQUIPPED)
Some vehicles with 6.8L and 7.3L engines are equipped with Power Take
Off (PTO) capability. These vehicles have a special transmission case,
internal components and calibration for PTO usage. If your vehicle is
equipped with a 7.3L Diesel engine, refer to the 7.3L Diesel Supplement
for information on the auxiliary powertrain control module (APCM) and
its operation.
The PTO can be used during mobile and stationary
continuous/intermittent applications.
PTO operation is disabled while the vehicle is in Overdrive (the TCIL will
not be illuminated), in N (Neutral), during engine cranking. Transmission
upshift and downshift schedules will be reduced by about 15% and will
have a firmer shift feel during PTO mobile applications.
The PTO cannot be disabled while the transmission is in Manual 3
(Overdrive position with Overdrive canceled), Manual 2, Manual 1.
Refer to the “Body Builder’s Layout Book” for recommended electrical
installation.
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Driving
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system.
All utility-type vehicles and 4WD vehicles have special design and
equipment features to make them capable of performing in a wide
variety of off-road applications. Specific design characteristics give them
higher centers of gravity than ordinary passenger cars.
Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not designed for
cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more than
low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers in these
vehicles.
4WD operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing so could
result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case, increased tire wear
and decreased fuel economy.
Electronic shift on the fly (ESOF) 4x4 system (if equipped)
The 4WD system:
• provides 4x4 High engagement and disengagement while the vehicle is
moving.
• is operated by a rotary control located on the instrument panel that
allows you select 2WD, 4x4 High or 4x4 Low operation.
• uses hub locks that can be engaged and disengaged automatically by
using a rotary control located on the instrument panel.
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Driving
• automatic hub locks can be
manually overridden by rotating
the hub lock control from AUTO
to LOCK.
Manual 4x4 system (if equipped)
The 4WD system is engaged or
disengaged by rotating the front
wheel hub lock control from FREE
to LOCK, then manually engaging
the transfer case with a
floor-mounted shifter.
4WD system indicator lights
The 4WD system indicator lights illuminate only under the following
conditions. If these lights illuminate during normal driving, have your
vehicle serviced.
• 4x4 -illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and when
4H (4x4 High) is selected.
• LOW RANGE –illuminates when
the ignition is turned on or when
4L (4x4 Low) is selected.
4x4
Using a manual 4WD system (if equipped)
2H (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4H (4WD High) – Power to front and rear axles.
N (Neutral) – No power to either axle.
4L (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at reduced speed.
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Driving
Shifting from 2H (2WD high) to 4H (4WD high)
Engage the locking hubs by rotating
the hub lock control from FREE to
LOCK, then move the transfer case
lever from 2H (2WD High) to 4H
(4WD High).
Do not shift into 4H (4WD High)
with the rear wheels slipping.
2H
4H
N
4L
Shifting from 4H (4WD high) to 2H (2WD high)
Move the transfer case lever to 2H
2H
(2WD High) at a stop or any
forward speed up to 88 km/h (55
4H
mph).
N
With the vehicle at complete stop,
disengage the locking hubs
4L
(optional) by rotating the hub lock
control from LOCK to FREE.
Shifting from 4H (4WD high) to 4L (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift lever in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or
depress the clutch (manual transmission).
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Driving
4. Move the transfer case shift lever
through N (Neutral) directly to 4H
(4WD High) or 4L (4WD Low).
2H
4H
N
4L
Using the N (Neutral) position
The transfer case neutral position overrides the transmission and
puts the vehicle in neutral regardless of transmission gearshift
lever position. The vehicle can move forward or backwards.
This position should only be used
2H
when towing the vehicle. Refer to
Wrecker towing in the Roadside
4H
emergencies chapter.
N
4L
Do not leave the vehicle unattended with the transfer case in the
N (Neutral) position. Always set the parking brake fully and turn
off the ignition when leaving the vehicle.
Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
Positions of the electronic shift system
To prevent damage, the electronic shift 4WD system is designed
to allow up to 45 seconds before the shift command is performed.
In the event that conflicting shift commands are selected, allow
up to 45 seconds for the shift command to be performed prior to
reporting any shift concerns to your dealer.
2WD (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4x4 HIGH (4WD High) – Power delivered to front and rear axles for
increased traction.
4x4 LOW (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at low speeds.
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Driving
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4x4 HIGH (4WD high)
Rotate the 4WD control to the 4x4
HIGH position at speeds up to 88
4X4
4X4
HIGH
km/h (55 mph).
LOW
2WD
• Do not shift into 4x4 HIGH with
the rear wheels slipping.
Shifting from 4x4 HIGH (4WD high) to 2WD (2WD high)
Rotate the 4WD control to 2WD at
4X4
any forward speed. You do not need
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
to put the gearshift in R (Reverse)
to disengage your front hubs.
To prevent damage, the electronic
shift 4WD system is designed to
allow up to 45 seconds before the
shift command is performed. In the
event that conflicting shift
commands are selected, allow up to
45 seconds for the shift command to
be performed prior to reporting any shift concerns to your dealer.
Shifting between 4x4 HIGH (4WD high) and 4x4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a complete stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
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Driving
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4x4
HIGH or 4x4 LOW position.
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck it may be rocked out by shifting from forward and
reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes. The
transmission and tires may be damaged or the engine can
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
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Driving
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to rotating driveshafts
and tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
If the front or rear axle is submerged in water, the axle lubricant should
be replaced.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
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Driving
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button to resume speeds over 50 km/h
(30 mph).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
(Overdrive) into
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
a lower gear.
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
If your vehicle is equipped with a Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS),
you should be careful when braking. Front brake lock-up, on any surface,
causes loss of steering control.
If your vehicle is equipped with a Four Wheel Anti-lock Brake System
(ABS), apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow the
ABS to operate properly, keep steady pressure on the brake pedal.
When driving on snow or ice with either braking system, allow more
stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider using one of the
lower gears.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
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Driving
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) : Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying capacity for each
axle system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight) : The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) : Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
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Driving
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the Front Axle Reserve
Capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the Total Axle Reserve Capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the Total Axle Reserve Capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both Gross Vehicle Weight and Front and Rear
Gross Axle Weight Rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle
ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs.
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
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Driving
Driving through deep water where the transmission is submerged
may allow water into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
TOWING A TRAILER
Your vehicle may tow a
Conventional/Class IV trailer or fifth
wheel trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to
the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio
on the following charts.
2nd unit bodies are not included in
maximum trailer weight ratings.
Weight of additional “body” must be
subtracted from the maximum
trailer weight.
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
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Driving
Trailer towing tables
Engine
5.4L
5.4L
6.8L
6.8L
F-250
Rear axle
ratio
3.73
4.10
3.73
4.30
with manual transmission
Maximum GCWR-kg Maximum trailer
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
6 124 (13 500)
4 536 (10 000)
6 804 (15 000)
4 536 (10 000)
7 484 (16 500)
4 536 (10 000)
8 165 (18 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
Engine
5.4L
5.4L
6.8L
6.8L
F-250 with automatic transmission
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
Maximum trailer
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
3.73
6 124 (13 500)
4 536 (10 000)
4.10
6 804 (15 000)
4 536 (10 000)
3.73
7 711 (17 000)
4 536 (10 000)
4.30
8 165 (18 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
Engine
5.4L
5.4L
6.8L
6.8L
6.8L
F-350 with manual transmission
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
Maximum trailer
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
3.73
6 124 (13 500)
4 536 (10 000)
4.10
6 804 (15 000)
4 536 (10 000)
3.73
7 484 (16 500)
4 536 (10 000)
4.10
8 392 (18 500)
4 536 (10 000)
4.30
9 072 (20 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
136
Driving
Engine
5.4L
5.4L
6.8L
6.8L
F-350 with automatic transmission
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
Maximum trailer
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
3.73
6 124 (13 500)
4 536 (10 000)
4.10
6 804 (15 000)
4 536 (10 000)
3.73
7 711 (17 000)
4 536 (10 000)
4.30
9 072 (20 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
Engine
6.8L
6.8L
F-450 with manual transmission
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
Maximum trailer
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
4.88
9 979 (22 000)
4 536 (10 000)
5.38
9 979 (22 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
Engine
6.8L
6.8L
F-450 with automatic transmission
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
Maximum trailer
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
4.88
10 886 (24 000)
4 536 (10 000)
5.38
11 794 (26 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
Engine
6.8L
6.8L
F-550
Rear axle Maximum GCWR-kg
ratio
(lbs.)
4.88
10 886 (24 000)
5.38
11 794 (26 000)
Maximum trailer
weight-kg (lbs.) 1
4 536 (10 000)
4 536 (10 000)
1
Conventional/Class IV trailer hitch only. Fifth wheel trailer maximum
weights can be calculated by subtracting GVW from GCWR.
137
Driving
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle’s bumper or attach to the
axle. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of the total
weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Load equalizing hitch
When hooking up a trailer using a load equalizing hitch, always use the
following procedure:
1. Park the unloaded vehicle on a level surface. With the ignition on and
all doors closed, allow the vehicle to stand for several minutes so that it
can level.
2. Measure the height of a reference point on the front and rear bumpers
at the center of the vehicle.
3. Attach the trailer to the vehicle and adjust the hitch equalizers so that
the front bumper height is within 0–13 mm (1/2 inch) of the reference
point. After proper adjustment, the rear bumper should be no higher
than in Step 3.
Adjusting an equalizing hitch so the rear bumper of the vehicle
is lower or higher than it was unloaded will defeat the function
of the load equalizing hitch and may cause unpredictable handling.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the vehicle. To connect the
trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains under the trailer tongue and allow
slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
138
Driving
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type brakes are safe if
installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The rear bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires only a
ball with a 25.4 mm (one inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a 2 270
kg (5 000 lb.) trailer weight and 227 kg (500 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
If it is necessary to relocate the trailer hitch ball position, a
frame-mounted trailer hitch must be installed.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when towing a trailer.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
139
Driving
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance guide
for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of the loaded trailer
weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or N (Neutral)
(manual transmissions). This aids engine cooling and air conditioner
efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (six inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions and reliability.
Replace front and rear axle lubricants anytime the axles have been
submerged in water. Axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked
unless a leak is suspected.
Recreational towing
If you may want to tow your vehicle behind another vehicle, such as an
RV, follow these guidelines:
140
Driving
• 4x2 vehicles must have the driveshaft removed if the rear wheels are
to be kept on the ground. If only the front wheels will be on the
ground, the driveshaft does not need to be removed.
• 4x4 Electronic Shift on the Fly vehicles cannot be towed with any
wheels on the ground.
• 4x4 vehicles with a manual shift (floor-mounted) transfer case shifter
must have the transfer case and transmission gearshift levers placed in
the N (Neutral) position in order to tow with all wheels on the ground.
SNOWPLOWING
For low speed snow removal, Ford offers a Snowplow Package as an
option. If you do not have this equipment, do not use your vehicle as a
snowplow or powertrain and suspension system damage may occur.
Do not install a snowplow and plow with your vehicle until it has been
driven at least 800 km (500 miles).
Installing snowplow
Read the following instructions before installing a snowplow:
• Front GAWR must not exceed 63% of the GVW. Add ballast weight to
the back of the vehicle, if necessary. Refer to the Safety Compliance
Certification Label to find Front GAWR.
• The Front Axle Accessory Reserve Capacity and the Total Accessory
Reserve Capacity listed on the bottom right of the Safety Compliance
Certification Label will determine whether or not the addition of a
snowplow will overload your vehicle.
• The weight of the snowplow and supporting components distributed to
the front axle must not exceed the front accessory reserve capacity.
• The total weight of the snowplow and aftermarket equipment must
not exceed the Total Accessory Reserve Capacity.
• The weight of the installed snowplow and aftermarket equipment must
not load the vehicle beyond the GAWR (front/rear) and GVWR listed
on the Safety Compliance Certification Label.
• The total weight of the snowplow and aftermarket equipment must be
considered part of the payload and must not exceed the Gross
Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) for towing.
• Federal and most local regulations require additional exterior lamps
for snowplow-equipped vehicles. Consult your dealer for additional
information.
141
Driving
• After installing a snowplow to the vehicle, ensure the vehicle’s front
toe alignment and front ride height are within specification (reset if
required). These specifications are located in the vehicle’s Workshop
Manual. Adherence to the toe, tire pressures and ride height
specification is important for proper tire wear, ride, handling and
headlight aim. Also, maintain the engine oil and transmission fluid
change intervals following the severe duty schedule.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Removing snowplow
Read the following instructions before removing a snowplow:
• After removing a snowplow from the vehicle, ensure the vehicle’s front
toe alignment and front ride height are within specification (reset if
required). These specifications are located in the vehicle’s Workshop
Manual. Adherence to the toe and ride height specification is
important for proper tire wear, ride, handling and headlight aim.
Snowplowing with your air bag equipped vehicle
Your vehicle is equipped with driver
and passenger (if equipped) air bag
Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS). The SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
Careless or high speed driving while plowing snow which results in
sufficient vehicle decelerations can
deploy the air bag. Such driving also increases the risk of accidents.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
Never remove or defeat the “tripping mechanisms” designed into the
snow removal equipment by its manufacturer. Doing so may cause
damage to the vehicle and the snow removal equipment as well as
possible air bag deployment.
142
Driving
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Engine temperature while plowing
When driving with a plow, your
engine may run at a higher
temperature than normal because
the attached snowplow blade will
restrict airflow to the radiator.
H
C
If you are driving more than 24 km (15 miles) at temperatures above
freezing, angle the plow blade either full left or full right to provide
maximum airflow to the radiator.
If you are driving less than 24 km (15 miles) at speeds up to 64 km/h
(40 mph) in cold weather, you will not need to worry about blade
position to provide maximum airflow.
4WD operation while plowing
• Shift transfer case to 4x4 LOW (4WD Low) when plowing in small
areas at speeds below 8 km/h (5 mph).
• Shift transfer case to 4x4 HIGH (4WD High) when plowing larger areas
or light snow at higher speeds. Do not exceed 24 km/h (15 mph).
• Do not shift the transmission from a forward gear to R (Reverse) until
the engine is at idle and the wheels are stopped.
• If the vehicle is stuck, shift the transmission in a steady motion
between forward and reverse gears. Do not rock the vehicle for more
than a few minutes. The transmission and tires may be damaged or
the engine can overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 35 mph (55 km/h). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
143
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The shut-off switch is a device
intended to stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has been
involved in a substantial jolt.
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
behind the kick panel.
144
Roadside emergencies
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
145
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove the fuse panel cover,
turn the panel fasteners
counterclockwise.
146
Roadside emergencies
20
21
10
11
RELAY
5
9
31
30
29
19
8
RELAY
4
28
18
7
27
17
6
26
16
25
15
4
5
RELAY
3
24
14
2
3
23
13
12
FUSE1
RELAY
1
(NOT
USED)
22
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller
tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
20A
Electronic Flasher
5A
Instrument Cluster, Powertrain Control
Module (PCM) Keep Alive Memory
20A
Cigar Lighter, OBDII
10A
Glove Box Lamp, Map Lamps, Power
Mirrors, Underhood Lamp
—
Not Used
—
Not Used
5A
Power Window Lock Switch Illumination
147
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
8
9
10
11
Fuse Amp
Rating
5A
—
—
10A
12
13
15A
20A
14
15
10A
5A
16
17
18
19
15A
—
—
10A
20
15A
21
22
—
10A
23
24
10A
10A
25
5A
26
—
148
Description
Radio, Headlamp Switch Illumination
Not Used
Not Used
Washer Pump, Wiper Run/Park Relay Coil,
Wiper Hi/LO Relay Coil, Washer Pump
Relay Coil
Horn
Stop Lamps, Center High-mount Stop
Lamp, Trailer Tow Stop Lamp
Dome Lamp, Cargo Lamp, Courtesy Lamps
Generic Electronic Module (GEM),
Powertrain Control Module (PCM),
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) Module,
Brake Shift Interlock, Speed Control
Instrument Cluster, Hi-beam Headlamps
Not Used
Not Used
Auxiliary Powertrain Control Module
(APCM) (Diesel only), Instrument Cluster,
GEM Module, Overdrive Cancel Switch, Idle
Validation Switch (Diesel only), Overhead
Console
Starter Motor Relay Coil, PCM (Gasoline
only)
Not Used
Air Bag Module, Passenger Air Bag
Activation Switch, Blower Motor Relay Coil
Electronic Flasher
Blend Door Actuator, Trailer Tow Battery
Charge Relay Coil
4-Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
Not Used
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
27
28
29
30
31
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
Relay
1
2
3
4
5
Fuse Amp
Description
Rating
10A
Ignition Run Power Feed (Customer
Access)
10A
Brake Shift Interlock, DRL Relay Coil,
Speed Control Module, Backup Lamps,
Trailer Tow Backup Lamp Relay Coil,
Electronic Shift On The Fly Hub Lock
Solenoid
5A
Instrument Cluster (Charge and Airbag
Warning Lamps)
30A
PCM Relay Coil, Ignition Coil (Gasoline
only), Fuel Heater (Diesel only), Wastegate
Solenoid (Diesel only), Injector Driver
Module Relay Coil (Diesel only)
—
Not Used
—
Interior Lamp Relay
—
Not Used
—
Horn
—
Power Window One Touch Down Relay
—
Accessory Delay Relay
Power distribution box
The power distribution box, trailer tow and electronic shift on the fly
relay blocks are located in the engine compartment near the brake
master cylinder.
The power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and Care chapter.
149
4
2
3
1
20
6
5
21
8
7
22
10
24
14
9
25
15
12
26
16
11
27
17
23
28
18
13
29
19
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
37
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses and relays are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
150
Fuse Amp
Rating
7.5A *
10A*
7.5A*
20A*
Description
Trailer Tow Left Stop/Turn Lamp
Air Bag Module
Trailer Tow Right Stop/Turn Lamp
Trailer Tow Backup Lamps, Trailer Tow
Park Lamps
20A*
Gasoline only-PCM, Two Speed Fuel Pump
(Gasoline Relay Coil, Fuel Pump Relay Coil, Mass Air
only)
Flow Sensor, Fuel Injectors
5A* (Diesel Diesel only-Dual Alternator ⬙A⬙ Field
only)
Gasoline only-Not Used
(Gasoline Diesel only-Single or Dual Alternator ⬙A⬙
only)
Field, Regulator
10A*(Diesel
only)
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
7
8
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
(Gasoline
only)
5A* (Diesel
only)
15A*
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
10A*
25A*
10A*
10A*
30A**
60A**
30A**
30A**
30A**
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
30A**
20A**
50A**
50A**
50A**
40A**
30A**
30A***
20A**
Description
Gasoline only-Vapor Managment Valve,
HEGO Sensors, Intake Manifold
Communication Control, EVR Solenoid,
PCM, Canister Vent Solenoid
Diesel only-Dual Alternator ⬙A⬙ Field
Trailer Tow Electronic Brake Illumination,
Park Lamps, Trailer Tow Park Lamp Relay
Coil
Left Headlamp
Power Point
Right Headlamp (Low Beam)
Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) Resistor
Multi-function Switch, Headlamps
Anti-Lock Brake System
Windshield Wiper Motor
Trailer Tow Battery Charge
Electronic Shift On The Fly Relay, Transfer
Case Shift Motor
Power Seat
Fuel Pump Motor, PCM
Ignition Switch (B4 & B5)
Ignition Switch (B1 & B3)
Instrument Panel Junction Box
Blower Motor
Power Distribution Box
Power Windows
If equipped with Remote Keyless
Entry-Driver Door Unlock Relay Coil, All
Door Unlock Relay Coil, All Door Lock
Relay Coil, Park Lamp Flash Relay, If not
equipped with Remote Keyless
Entry-Power Door Lock Motors
151
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
27
28
29
30
31
32
Fuse Amp
Rating
(Gasoline
only)
30A*
(Diesel
only)
30A**
20A**
----
Description
Gasoline only-Not Used
Diesel only-Injector Driver Module
Trailer Tow Electronic Brake Controller
Radio
PCM Power Relay
Blower Motor Relay
Two Speed Fuel Pump Relay (Gasoline
only), Injector Driver Module Power Relay
(Diesel only)
33
-Washer Pump Relay
34
-Windshield Wiper Park/Run Relay
35
-Windshield Wiper HI/LO Relay
36
-Not Used
37
-PCM Relay Diode
38
-Trailer Tow Backup Lamp Relay
39
-Trailer Tow Battery Charge Relay
40
-Electronic Shift On The Fly Relay #1,
Electronic Shift On The Fly Relay #2
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses ***Circuit Breaker
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Spare tire information
Your vehicle may be equipped with a spare tire that can be used as
either a spare or a regular tire. The spare tire is not equipped with wheel
trim. The wheel trim from the original wheel/tire may be used on the
spare.
152
Roadside emergencies
If your vehicle is equipped with 4WD, a spare tire of a different
size than the road tires should not be used. Such a tire could
result in damage to driveline components and make the vehicle
difficult to control.
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire (pick-up
trucks only)
Jack
Jack handle and lug
wrench
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear
bumper
Regular cab, crew cab and SuperCab without
rear bench seat: Fastened to floor pan behind
rearmost seat on passenger side
SuperCab with rear bench seat: Under rear
bench on passenger side
On top of the radiator support at the front of
the engine compartment
Removing the spare tire (with spare tire carrier only)
1. The following tools are required to remove the spare tire:
• one handle extension and one
typical extension. To assemble,
align button with hole and slide
parts together. To disconnect,
depress button and pull apart.
• one wheel nut wrench. Slide over
square end of jack handle.
153
Roadside emergencies
2. The following steps are required to move the support bracket (if
equipped) away from the spare tire:
• With tapered end of lug wrench,
loosen the eyebolt on the support
bracket.
• Line up the eyebolt with the slot
in the support bracket.
• Slide the support bracket off the
eyebolt and move the support
bracket away from the spare tire.
3. Insert the hooked end of the jack
handle into the rear bumper
opening.
The handle will stop moving and
you will feel forward resistance to
turning when properly engaged.
4. Turn the handle counterclockwise
and lower the spare until you can
slide the tire rearward and the cable
is slack.
5. Remove the retainer through the center of the wheel.
Stowing the spare
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Slide the wheel under the vehicle
and install the retainer through the
wheel center.
3. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
effort to turn the jack handle
increases significantly and the spare
tire carrier ratchets when the tire is
raised to the stowed position. The spare tire carrier has a built-in ratchet
feature that will not allow you to overtighten.
4. Check that the tire lies flat to the frame assembly. Push against the
tire to make sure it is tightly seated under the vehicle. Loosen or
retighten if necessary.
154
Roadside emergencies
5. The following steps are required to secure the support bracket (if
equipped) under the spare tire:
• Move the support bracket over the spare tire.
• Slide the support bracket over the eyebolt into the slot on the support
bracket.
• Tighten the eyebolt with tapered end of lug wrench leaving it
positioned at a right angle of the slot on the support bracket.
Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and set the parking
brake.
• Automatic transmission: Place
gearshift lever in P (Park).
• Manual transmission: Place
gearshift lever in R (Reverse).
• Electronic Shift On the Fly four
wheel drive: Place transfer case
in 2WD, 4x4 HIGH or 4x4 LOW.
• Manual shift transfer case four
wheel drive: Place transfer case
in 2H, 4H or 4L.
To prevent the vehicle from
moving when you change a
tire, be sure the parking brake is
set, then block (in both
directions) the wheel that is
diagonally opposite (other side
and end of the vehicle) to the tire
being changed.
2. Turn engine OFF and block the diagonally opposite wheel (block not
provided).
3. Remove the jack, jack handle, lug wrench and spare tire from the
stowage locations.
4. Use the tip of the lug wrench to remove any wheel trim.
155
Roadside emergencies
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
When one of the rear
wheels is off the ground,
the transmission alone will not
prevent the vehicle from moving
or slipping off the jack, even if the
transmission is in P (Park)
(automatic transmission) or R
(Reverse) (manual transmission).
To prevent the vehicle from
moving when you change the tire,
be sure that the parking brake is
set and the diagonally opposite
wheel is blocked.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
The following steps apply to F250/F350 only:
6. Insert the hooked end of the jack
handle into the jack and use the
handle to slide the jack under the
vehicle.
7. Position the jack according to the
following guides:
156
Roadside emergencies
• Front (4x2)
• Front passenger side (4x4)
157
Roadside emergencies
• Front driver side (4x4)
Make sure the jack fits into the
notched area on the differential
housing.
• Rear
158
Roadside emergencies
8. Turn the jack handle clockwise
until the wheel is completely off the
ground and high enough to install
the spare tire.
9. Remove the lug nuts with the lug
wrench.
10. On single rear wheel vehicles,
replace the flat tire with the spare
tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward for all front tires and
vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels. If replacing an inboard rear
tire on a dual rear wheel vehicle,
the valve stem must be facing outward. If replacing the outboard wheel,
the valve stem must be facing inward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the
wheel is snug against the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the
wheel has been lowered.
11. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
Go to step 19.
The following steps apply to F450/F550 only:
12. Slide the notched end of the
jack handle over the release valve
and use the handle to slide the jack
under the vehicle. Make sure the
valve is closed by turning it
clockwise.
13. Position the jack according to
the following guides:
159
Roadside emergencies
• Front (4x2)
• Front driver side (4x4)
• Front passenger side (4x4)
160
Roadside emergencies
• Rear
14. Insert the jack handle into the
pump linkage.
15. Use an up-and-down motion
with the jack handle to raise the
wheel completely off the ground.
Hydraulic jacks are equipped
with a pressure release valve
that prevents lifting loads which
exceed the jack’s rated capacity.
16. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
17. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem
is facing outward on all front an inboard rear wheels. If replacing the
outboard wheel, the valve stem must be facing inward. Reinstall the lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not fully tighten the lug
nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
18. Lower the wheel by slowly turning the release valve counterclockwise.
Opening the release valve slowly will provide a more controlled
rate of descent.
161
Roadside emergencies
The following steps apply to all vehicles:
19. Remove the jack and fully tighten
1
the lug nuts in the order shown.
6
7
20. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
Stowing the spare if the vehicle is
equipped with a spare tire carrier.
4
3
21. Stow the jack, jack handle and
lug wrench. Make sure the jack is
securely fastened so it does not
8
5
rattle when driving.
2
22. Unblock the wheels.
On vehicles equipped with single rear wheels, retighten the lug nuts to
the specified torque at 800 km (500 miles) after any wheel disturbance
(tire rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel removal, etc.).
On vehicles equipped with dual rear wheels, retighten the wheel lug nuts
to the specified torque at 160 km (100 miles), and again at 800 km (500
miles) of new vehicle operation and after any wheel disturbance (tire
rotation, changing a flat tire, wheel removal, etc.).
Bolt size
Wheel lug nut torque*
Nm
Lb-ft
M14 x 1.5
200-225
150-165
* Torque specifications are for nut and bolt threads free of dirt and
rust. Use only Ford recommended replacement fasteners.
On all two-piece flat wheel nuts,
apply one drop of motor oil between
the flat washer and the nut. Do not
apply motor oil to the wheel nut
threads or the wheel stud threads.
When a wheel is installed, always remove any corrosion, dirt or
foreign materials present on the mounting surfaces of the wheel or
the surface of the front disc brake hub and rotor that contacts the wheel.
Installing wheels without correct metal-to-metal contact at the wheel
mounting surfaces can cause the wheel nuts to loosen and the wheel to
come off while the vehicle is in motion, resulting in loss of control.
162
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
163
Roadside emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
164
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to ground the circuit)
are the alternator mounting brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not
use fuel lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as grounding
points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts and other moving
parts of both engines.
165
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
166
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
167
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground and the rear wheels off the ground using a wheel lift or a
slingbelt with T-hooks.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
However, a slingbelt with T-hooks and a wheel dolly can also be used.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
168
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, keep loose clothing, jewelry or long hair
away from moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in the
Battery section in this chapter.
169
Maintenance and care
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1 (First).
3. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
4. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
170
Maintenance and care
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom left corner of the instrument
panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch located
under the right center of the hood.
Slide the handle to release the
auxiliary latch.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
171
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
9
8
10
11
1
2
7
3
4
5
6
1. Engine oil dipstick
2. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
3. Brake fluid reservoir
4. Power distribution box
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Air filter assembly
7. Engine coolant reservoir
8. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
9. Battery
10. Engine oil filler cap
11. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
172
Maintenance and care
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmission) or 1 (First) (manual transmission).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the MIN and MAX marks, the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is below the MIN
mark, add enough oil to raise the
level within the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the MAX mark may cause engine damage. Some oil
must be removed from the engine by a service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
173
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the MIN and MAX ranges, add only
certified engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil
filler cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this Certification
Trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API Certification Trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
174
Maintenance and care
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, startup
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
175
Maintenance and care
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid until
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
MAX
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications.
Refer to Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for the service interval schedules.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specifications. Refer
to Capacities and specifications.
For vehicles equipped with the 5–speed manual transmission,
during normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant. If the fluid level drops, maintain the fluid level at the
step in the reservoir.
For vehicles equipped with the 6–speed manual transmission,
during normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir will drop
slightly. As this occurs, maintain the fluid level at the step in the
reservoir.
176
Maintenance and care
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
symbol.
highlighted with a
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
177
Maintenance and care
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the engine
coolant in the reservoir. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
service interval schedules. Be sure
to read and understand Precautions
when servicing your vehicle in
this chapter.
MAX
COLD FILL
RANGE
MIN
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the reservoir. For more information on engine coolant
maintenance, refer to Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine coolant,
antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its specified function and
vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549–AA (in
Oregon, F5FZ-19549–CC, in Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a
premium engine coolant that meets Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544–AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOL威 engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
178
Maintenance and care
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system.
• Use only the type of coolant with which your vehicle was
originally equipped. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the container for the windshield
washer fluid.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could make it difficult to see
through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the next few times you
drive the vehicle. If necessary, add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant
and distilled water to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow these steps to avoid
personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the appropriate schedule listed
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
179
Maintenance and care
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and Lincoln-Mercury
dealers use recycled engine coolant produced by Ford-approved
processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such coolant may harm engine
and cooling system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36°C [–34°F]), it may
be necessary to increase the coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to
the chart on the coolant container to ensure the coolant concentration in
your vehicle is such that the coolant will not freeze at the temperature
level in which you drive during winter months. Never increase the
coolant concentration above 60%. Increased engine coolant
concentrations above 60% will decrease the freeze protection
characteristics of the engine coolant. Vehicles driven year-round in
non-extreme climates should use a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water for optimum freeze protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling (if equipped)
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
180
Maintenance and care
How fail-safe cooling works
If the engine begins to overheat:
• the engine coolant temperature
H
gauge will move to the red (hot)
area.
symbol will illuminate.
• the
symbol will illuminate.
• the
C
• the Service Engine Soon
indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset over-temperature condition, the engine
will automatically switch to alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled
cylinder acts as an air pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate, however:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature and the engine
will completely shut down, causing steering and braking effort to increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
181
Maintenance and care
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid. Refer to the “Service Guide” for the
service interval schedules. If adding fluid is necessary, use only
MERCON威 ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run
until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area
between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the
steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
ADD/MIN and MAX lines. Do not
add fluid if the level is in this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in
small amounts, continuously checking the level until it reaches the range
between the ADD/MIN and MAX lines. Be sure to put the cap back on
the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
182
Maintenance and care
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be
checked at normal operating temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a
level surface. The normal operating temperature can be reached after
approximately 30 km (20 miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
IDLING IN PARK
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
IDLING IN PARK
183
Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by
an overheating condition.
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
ADD
COLD
HOT
IDLING IN PARK
DO NOT ADD
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
IDLING IN PARK
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle
and also in the Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
ADD
COLD
HOT
DO NOT ADD
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement
concerns and/or possible
damage.
DON'T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCHED AREA • CHECK WHEN HOT
184
IDLING IN PARK
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
185
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding transfer case fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
186
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
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Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is also electronically controlled by a
computer, some control conditions are maintained by power from the
battery. When the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum
driveability and performance. To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically complete as you drive the
vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle quality
of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle trim is
eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
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Maintenance and care
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
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Maintenance and care
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have their Tire Quality Grade
(described below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These Tire Quality
Grades are determined by standards
that the United States Department
of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new
pneumatic tires for use on
passenger cars. They do not apply
to deep tread, winter-type snow
tires, space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
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Maintenance and care
• Four tire rotation
• Five tire rotation
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Maintenance and care
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
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Maintenance and care
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
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Maintenance and care
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
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Maintenance and care
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
87
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Maintenance and care
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use a high quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air quality, including
reformulated gasolines that contain oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or
15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may have an adverse affect
on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times after refueling before
the system starts to pump the fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come on. For more
information on the “Service Engine Soon” indicator, refer to the
Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
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Maintenance and care
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend taking
fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of
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Maintenance and care
driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
chart in this “Owner Guide.” The advertised capacity is the amount of
the Indicated Capacity and the Empty Reserve combined. Indicated
Capacity is the difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank
when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty Reserve is the small amount
of usable fuel remaining in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates
empty.
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
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Maintenance and care
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• Using speed control (if equipped) may improve fuel economy. Speed
control can help maintain a constant speed and reduce speed changes.
You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain as
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gears may occur and
could result in reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
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Maintenance and care
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollover/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
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Maintenance and care
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy may vary
depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light, “Service Engine Soon”
light or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke
or loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
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Maintenance and care
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
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Maintenance and care
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs (aerodynamic)
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
1. Make sure that the headlamp control is in the OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Release clip and disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb.
4. Remove bulb retainer ring by
turning it counterclockwise about 1⁄4
turn, then slide the ring off the
plastic base.
5. Without turning, carefully pull bulb out of headlamp assembly.
6. Insert the glass end of the new bulb into the headlamp assembly.
When the grooves in the plastic base are aligned, push the bulb into the
lamp assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
7. Install bulb retaining ring over the plastic base and lock the ring into
the socket by turning it clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
8. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it “snaps.”
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Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs (sealed beam)
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Remove the two screws and
parking lamp/side marker assembly
by pulling gently
4. Disconnect the electrical
connectors from the parking
lamp/side marker assembly and
remove.
5. Remove the four bolts and
headlamp bezel.
6. Remove the four screws and the
headlamp retaining ring from
headlamp.
7. Disconnect the electrical
connector and remove headlamp.
To install the new headlamp, reverse the removal procedure.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing tail lamp/Backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/backup lamp bulbs are
located in the same portion of the
tail lamp assembly, one just below
the other. Follow the same steps to
replace either bulb:
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the two screws from the
tail lamp assembly.
3. Carefully pull the lamp assembly
from the tailgate pillar by releasing
the two retaining tabs.
4. Twist the bulb socket 1⁄4 turn counterclockwise and remove from lamp
assembly.
5. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket and push in the new bulb.
6. Install bulb socket in lamp assembly by turning clockwise.
7. Carefully install the tail lamp assembly on tailgate pillar snapping the
two retaining tabs into place.
8. Secure the tail lamp with two screws.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
To remove the brakelamp assembly:
1. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle as wiring
permits.
2. Remove the bulb socket by
rotating counterclockwise and
pulling it out of the lamp assembly.
3. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
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Maintenance and care
To install the brakelamp assembly:
1. Install the bulb into the lamp assembly and rotate clockwise.
2. Install the lamp assembly on the vehicle with two screws.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
behind the rear bumper. To change
the license plate lamp bulbs:
1. Reach behind the rear bumper to
locate the bulb.
2. Twist the bulb socket
counterclockwise 1⁄4 turn and
carefully pull to remove it from the
lamp assembly.
3. Pull out the old bulb from the
socket and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp assembly by turning it clockwise.
Using the right bulbs
Function
Number of
Trade number
bulbs
Headlamps (aerodynamic)
2
9007
Headlamps (sealed beam)
2
H6054
Park/turn
2
3157
Sidemarker
2
194
Tail/stop/turn/sidemarker
2
3157 K
Backup
2
3156K
High-mount stoplamp
1
921
Cargo lamp
2
906
Roofmarker
5
194
(a)
Rear fender clearance
4
Rear identification
3
194
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer
(a)
Replace entire lamp assembly; bulb is not serviceable.
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Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The alignment of your headlamps should be checked by a qualified
service technician if:
• Oncoming motorists frequently signal you to deactivate your high
beams, and your high beams are not activated.
• The headlamps do not seem to provide enough light for clear night
vision.
• The headlamp beams are pointed substantially away from a slightly
down and to the right position.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories (such as antennas) and fold in the side
view mirrors before entering a car wash. If you have wax applied to the
vehicle at a commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the
wiper blades and windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades
and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
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Maintenance and care
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use cleaning fluid or
alcohol with a clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing vehicle. Use
tar remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have wax applied at a
commercial car wash, it is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), touch-up
paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or aerosol paint spray (#ALAZ-19500–
XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line. Please note that the
part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with your vehicle’s
specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
209
Maintenance and care
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. Use glass
cleaner or tar remover if necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield such as tree sap and some hot wax
treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the non-abrasive
Bon-Ami威 powder. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. Do not use
abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield
is clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with water. The
windshield and wiper blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and
blades or rubber elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
210
Maintenance and care
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with water and a mild soap.
Wipe the leather again with a damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry
with a soft cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford recommends using
the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from
your Ford Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the leather
and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner
label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its
resiliency and color.
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
211
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component*
Air filter element
Fuel filter
Oil filter
PCV valve
Battery (Standard)
Battery (Optional)
Spark plugs-platinum**
5.4L V8 engine
FA-1634
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
BXT-65-650
BXT-65-750
AWSF-22E
6.8L V10 engine
FA-1634
FG-986B
FL-820-S
EV-233
BXT-65-650
BXT-65-650
AWSF-22E
*Refer to the 7.3 Liter Power Stroke Direct Injection Turbo Diesel
Owner’s Guide Supplement for Motorcraft diesel engine service part
numbers.
**Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Front axle
Rear axle1,2,3
Brake fluid
212
Ford Part Name
Motorcraft SAE
75W90 Axle
Lubricant
Application
F-250/350 Dana
50 axle
F-350/450/550
Dana 60 axle
Motorcraft SAE
F-250 /350
75W140 Synthetic
(10.50 inch
Rear Axle Lubricant axle)
Motorcraft SAE
F-350/450
75W90 Synthetic
Dana 80
Rear Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
F-550 Dana 135
80W90 Premium
Rear Axle Lubricant
High Performance
All
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake Fluid
Capacity
1.8L (3.8 pints)
2.7L (5.8 pints)
3.3L (6.9 pints)
3.9L (8.3 pints)
11.6L
(24.5 pints)
Fill to line on
reservoir
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Engine
coolant5
Ford Part Name
Premium Engine
Coolant
Application
5.4L V8 engine
without A/C
5.4L V8 engine
with A/C
6.8L V10 engine
Engine oil
(includes
filter change)Gas engines
Engine oil
(includes
filter change)Diesel engine
Fuel tank
Motorcraft 5W-30
Super Premium
Motor Oil
All
Power
steering fluid
Transfer case
fluid
Capacity
16.9L
(17.9 quarts)
18.4L
(19.4 quarts)
29.0L
(30.6 quarts)
5.7L
(6.0 quarts)
Refer to your 7.3L Diesel Supplement
N/A
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Mid-ship tank
(optional aft
axle on narrow
frame Chassis
Cab)
Right side
saddle mounted
tank (optional
on narrow frame
Chassis Cab)
Short box (wide
frame regular
cab)
Aft axle (narrow
frame chassis
cab)
Long box wide
frame (Regular
cab, SuperCab
or Crew Cab)
All
4x4 vehicles
71.9L
(19.0 gallons)
87.1L
(23.0 gallons)
109.8L
(29.0 gallons)
136.3L
(36.0 gallons)
143.9L
(38.0 gallons)
Fill to line on
reservoir
1.9L
(2.0 quarts)
213
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Ford Part Name
Transmission Synthetic
fluid3
MERCON威 ATF
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Windshield
washer fluid
1
Ultra-Clear
Windshield Washer
Concentrate
Application
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Capacity
3.2L
(3.4 quarts)
5.5L
(5.8 quarts)
16.1L
(17.1 quarts)4
Automatic 4R100 with
small cooler
(vehicles
equipped with
20 oil-to-airplate cooler)
Automatic 16.7L
4R100 with large (17.7 quarts)4
cooler (vehicles
equipped with
26 oil-to-airplate cooler)
All
4.0L
(4.25 quarts)
Your vehicle’s rear axle(s) may be filled with a synthetic lubricant that may
require a lubricant change. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. Axle
lubricant quantities should not need to be checked unless a leak is
suspected, service is required or the axle assembly has been submerged in
water. The axle lubricant should be changed any time the rear axle has been
submerged in water.
2
Add 236 ml (8 oz.) of additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A, Ford
Specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
3
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission fluid
requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick handle.
MERCON威 and MERCON威 V are not interchangeable. DO NOT mix
MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide to
determine the correct service interval.
4
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may vary
based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The amount of
transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the indication on the
dipstick’s normal operating range.
5
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
214
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Front axle
(4X4)
Rear axle
Brake fluid and
clutch fluid (if
equipped)
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Motorcraft SAE
75W90 Axle
Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
75W140 High
Performance
Synthetic Rear
Axle Lube1
Motorcraft SAE
75W90 Synthetic
Rear Axle Lube1
(Dana 80 axles)
Motorcraft SAE
80W90 Premium
Rear Axle
Lubricant1
(Dana 135
axles)
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Motorcraft
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XY-75W90-QL
WSP-M2C201-A
F1TZ-19580-B
WSL-M2C192-A
XY-75W90-QL
WSP-M2C201-A
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-19580-B
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
E2FZ-19549-AA ESE-M97B44-A
(in Oregon,
F5FZ-19549-CC,
in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-10)
XO-5W30-QSP
WSS-M2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
215
Capacities and specifications
Item
Hinges, latches,
striker plates,
fuel filler door
hinge and seat
tracks
Transmission
/steering/parking
brake linkages
and pivots,
brake and clutch
pedal shaft (if
equipped)
Power steering
fluid and
transfer case
fluid (if
equipped)
Manual
transmission
(5-speed)
Manual
transmission
(6-speed)
Automatic
transmission
Windshield
washer fluid
1
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-A
or F5AZor
19G209-AA
ESR-M1C159-A
Premium
XG-1-C
Long-Life Grease
ESA-M1C75-B
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
XT-2-BDX or
QDX
MERCON威
Synthetic
MERCON威 ATF
E6AZ-19582-B
MERCON威
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
XT-2-QDX
MERCON威
Motorcraft
MERCON威 ATF
Ultra-clear
windshield
washer
concentrate
XT-2-QDX
MERCON威
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
Add 236 ml (8 oz.) of additive friction modifier C8AZ-19B546–A, Ford
specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill of Traction-Lok axles.
Ford design rear axles contain a synthetic lubricant that does not require
changing unless the axle has been submerged in water. Dana rear axles
also contain a synthetic lubricant but do require a change. Refer to your
“Service Guide” for change intervals on Dana rear axles.
216
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
5.4L V8 engine
330
235 @ 4250 rpm
335 lb.-ft. @ 3000 rpm
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
6.8L V10 engine
415
275 @ 4250 rpm
410 lb.-ft. @ 2650 rpm
87 octane
1-6-5-10-2-7-3-8-4-9
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
9.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
F250–except Crew cab
Dimension
Body style
Regular
Regular
Super Cab
Cab 4x2
Cab 4x4
4x2
(1) Overall
1 864 mm
1 958 mm
1 870 mm
height
(74 in)
(77.1 in)
(73.6 in)
(2) Track
1 736.3 mm 1 736.3 mm 1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) / (68.3 in) /
(68.3 in) /
(Front /
Rear)
1 729.3 mm 1 729.3 mm 1 729.3 mm
(68 in)
(68 in)
(68 in)
(3) Overall
2 031 mm
2 031 mm
2 031 mm
width
(79.9 in)
(79.9 in)
(79.9 in)
(4)
3 479.8 mm 3 479.8 mm 3 601.7 mm
Wheelbase
(137 in)
(137 in)
(141.8 in)a
4 013.2 mm
(158 in)b
(5) Overall
5 646 mm
5 757 mm
5 876 mm
length
(222.2 in)
(226.6 in)
(231.3 in)a
6 177 mm
(243.1 in)b
a
Short wheel base
b
Long wheel base
Super Cab
4x4
1 964 mm
(77.3 in)
1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) /
1 729.3 mm
(68 in)
2 031 mm
(79.9 in)
3 601.7 mm
(141.8 in)a
4 013.2 mm
(158 in)b
5 879 mm
(231.4 in)a
6 180 mm
(243.3 in)b
217
Capacities and specifications
F250-Crew cab
Dimension
(1) Overall height
(2) Track (Front /
Rear)
(3) Overall width
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Overall length
a
b
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
6
6
Body
Crew Cab 4x2
960 mm (77.2 in)a /
883 mm (74.1 in)b
745 mm (68.7 in)/
729 mm (68.1 in)a,b
988 mm (78.3 in)a,b
967 mm (156.2 in )a /
379 mm (172.4 in)b
242 mm (245.8 in)a /
654 mm (262.0 in)b
style
Crew Cab 4x4
2 053mm (80.8 in)a /
2 052 mm (80.8 in)b
1 736 mm (68.4 in)/
1 729 mm (68.1 in)a,b
1 988 mm (78.3 in)a,b
3 967 mm (156.2 in )a /
4 379 mm (172.4 in)b
6 242 mm (245.8 in)a /
6 654 mm (262.0 in)b
Short wheel base
Long wheel base
F350–except Crew cab
Dimension
Chassis
Cab
1 972 mm
(77.6 in)
Body
Regular
Cab
1 860 mm
(73.2 in)c,e
(2) Track
(Front /
Rear)
1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) /
1 879.6 mm
(74.0 in)
1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) /
1 729.3 mm
(68.0 in)
(3) Overall
width
(4) Wheelbase
2 025 mm
(79.7 in)
3 576.3 mm
(140.8 in)
2 031 mm
(79.9 in)
3 479.8 mm
(137.0 in)
(1) Overall
height
218
style
Super Cab
4x2
1 865 mm
(73.4 in)a
1 861 mm
(73.6 in)b
1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) /
1 729.3 mm
(68.0 in)a,c
1 736.3 mm
(68.3 in) /
1879.6 mm
(74.0 in)b,d
2 031 mm
(79.9 in)
3 601 mm
(141.8 in)a /
4 013.2 mm
(158.0 in)b
Super Cab
4x4
1 960 mm
(77.2 in)
1 737.3 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 729.3 mm
(68.0 in)
2 031 mm
(79.9 in)
3 601 mm
(141.8 in)a /
4 013.2 mm
(158.0 in)b
Capacities and specifications
(5) Overall
length
5 732 mm
(225.7 in)
5 754 mm
(226.5 in)
5 879 mm
(231.4 in)a /
6 288 mm
(247.6 in)b
6 291 mm
(247.7 in)
a
Short wheel base
Long wheel base
c
Single rear wheels
d
Dual rear wheels
b
F350-Crew cab
Dimension
(1) Overall height
(2) Track (Front /
Rear)
(3) Overall width
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Overall length
a
b
1
1
1
1
3
4
6
6
Body
Crew Cab 4x2
929 mm (75.9 in)
745 mm (68.7 in)/
729 mm (68.1 in)a,b
988 mm (78.3 in)a,b
967 mm (156.2 in )a /
379 mm (172.4 in)b
242 mm (245.8 in)a /
654 mm (262.0 in)b
style
Crew Cab 4x4
2 038 mm (80.2 in)
1 736 mm (68.4 in)/
1 729 mm (68.1 in)a,b
2 077 mm (79.0 in)a,b
3 967 mm (156.2 in )a /
4 379 mm (172.4 in)b
6 242 mm (245.8 in)a /
6 654 mm (262.0 in)b
Short wheel base
Long wheel base
F450
Dimension
(1) Overall
height
(2) Track
(Front /
Rear)
(3) Overall
width
Chassis
Cab 4x2
2 044 mm
(80.5 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 025 mm
(79.7 in)
Body
Chassis
Cab 4x4
2 051 mm
(80.7 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
style
Crew Cab
4x2
2 053 mm
(80.8 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
Crew Cab
4x4
2 056 mm
(80.9 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
219
Capacities and specifications
(4)
Wheelbase
(5) Overall
length
3 576 mm
(140.8 in)
5 732 mm
(225.7 in)a
6 341 mm
(249.6 in)b
a
Short wheel base
b
Long wheel base
4 186 mm
(164.8 in)
-
4 475 mm
(176.2 in)
-
4 475 mm
(176.2 in)
-
Body
Chassis
Cab 4x4
2 075 mm
(81.6 in)
1 736 mm
(68.3 in) /
1 879 mm
(74 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
3 576 mm
(140.8 in)
-
style
Crew Cab
4x2
2 067 mm
(81.4 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
4 475 mm
(176.2 in)
-
Crew Cab
4x4
2 066 mm
(81.3 in)
1 736 mm
(68.4 in) /
1 610 mm
(63.4 in)
2 376 mm
(93.5 in)
4 475 mm
(176.2 in)
-
F550
Dimension
Chassis
Cab 4x2
(1) Overall
2 076 mm
height
(81.7 in)
(2) Track
1 736 mm
(Front /
(68.3 in) /
Rear)
1 879 mm
(74 in)
(3) Overall
2 025 mm
width
(79.7 in)
(4)
3 576 mm
Wheelbase
(140.8 in)
(5) Overall
5 732 mm
length
(225.7 in)a
6 341 mm
(249.6 in)b
a
Short wheel base
b
Long wheel base
220
Capacities and specifications
1
2
3
4
5
221
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification Label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification Label may be located.
The Certification Label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel.
AIR
BAG
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
222
Customer assistance
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing to the nearest Ford of Canada or Ford Motor Company
dealership, or towing to your selling dealership if within 56 km
(35 miles). Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting
stuck in the mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such
as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it’s found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange assistance for yourself, Ford will reimburse a
reasonable amount. To obtain information about reimbursement, call
1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or Mercury vehicles; or if
you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140. Call 1–800–665–2006 in
Canada.
223
Customer assistance
Ford extended service plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides:
• Protection against repair costs after your New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period expires;
and
• Other benefits during the warranty period (such as reimbursement for
rentals and towing.)
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans
available in various time, distance and deductible combinations which
can be tailored to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers
reimbursement benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules
vary. See your dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,200 participating Ford, Lincoln-Mercury and Ford of Canada
dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options.
Also, please be aware that some dealers offer service contracts that are
not backed by Ford Motor Company or Ford of Canada. On the surface,
many independent plans appear to be like Ford’s. The problem is that
they can often require the use of non-factory approved parts and have
much more complex and restrictive claims coverage terms than Ford.
At Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada, we are dedicated to
providing Ford, Lincoln and Mercury vehicle owners with programs that
will enhance your ownership experience and protect you from
unexpected repair bills. Genuine Ford ESP is the only Extended Service
Plan that enables us to provide that service.
224
Customer assistance
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company dealership authorized for
warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special training
though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs.
That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle
may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not
assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
If you are not satisfied with the service you receive at the dealership,
speak with the service manager. If you are still not satisfied, speak with
the owner or general manager of the dealership. In most cases, your
concern will be resolved at this level.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry genuine
Ford parts and accessories, providing you with original equipment
reliability.
Away from home
If you are away from home when your vehicle needs service, or if you
need more help than the dealership could provide, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
225
Customer assistance
Please have the following information available when contacting Ford
Customer Assistance:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the
Mediation/Arbitration Program (Canada).
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford, Mercury and Lincoln cars and Ford or Mercury light
trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written new vehicle
warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
226
Customer assistance
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states of
eligibility is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln-Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the DSB
brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application form.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
227
Customer assistance
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative are asked to
submit statements at this time.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take more than a month before the
Board can consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
228
Customer assistance
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
229
Customer assistance
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. For best results, use the following or
products of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant*
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover*
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
230
Customer assistance
A wide selection of accessories is available through your local authorized
Ford, Lincoln-Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer. These quality
accessories have been specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive
needs; they are custom designed to complement the style and
aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each accessory is
made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds Ford’s rigid
engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are warranted for
up to 12 months or 20,000 km (12,000 miles) on all cars and light trucks
and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy duty trucks
unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the warranty
becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the accessories
warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete warranty
information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Air conditioner
Air filtration systems
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Cargo shades
Cargo trays
Dash trim
Engine block heaters
Gear shift knob
Luggage presenter (Continental only)
Manual sliding rear window
Tire step
231
Customer assistance
Travel equipment
Console
Console armrest
Daytime running lights
Factory luggage rack
Factory luggage rack adaptors
Fog lights
Framed luggage covers
Heavy-duty battery
Neutral towing transfer case kit (Explorer 4.0L only)
Off road lights
Pickup box rails
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Retractable bed hooks and loops
Running boards
Snow traction cables
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Towing mirrors
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Bed mat/bedliner tailgate covers
Bed mats
Bedliners
Car/truck covers
Cargo liners, interior
232
Customer assistance
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Rallye bars
Rear air deflectors
Rear decklid spoilers
Side window air deflectors
Spare tire lock
Step bumpers
Step/sill plates
Tailgate covers
Tailgate lock
Tailgate protector
Tonneau covers
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
233
Customer assistance
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio in the United States:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
To order the publications in this portfolio in Canada:
Make cheques payable to:
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd.
Service Publications
P.O. Box 1580, Station B
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4Y 4G3
or order toll free: 1-800-387-4966
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holder orders only
234
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
235
Index
Accessory delay ..........................75
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ..........................92
and child safety seats ..............93
description ................................92
disposal ......................................96
driver air bag ............................94
indicator light ......................10,95
operation ...................................94
passenger air bag .....................94
passenger deactivation switch ...96
Air cleaner filter .......................212
Air conditioning ..........................24
Ambulance packages ....................3
Automatic transmission ............116
driving an automatic
overdrive .................................117
fluid, refill capacities ..............212
fluid, specification ..................217
Axle
lubricant specifications ..........217
refill capacities ........................212
traction lok ..............................115
Battery .......................................187
acid, treating emergencies .....187
charging system warning light ...12
jumping a disabled battery ....163
maintenance-free ....................187
replacement, specifications ...212
servicing ..................................187
voltage gauge ............................16
Brakes ........................................112
anti-lock .....................112,113,114
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light ......................11,113
brake warning light ..................11
fluid, checking and adding ....175
fluid, refill capacities ..............212
fluid, specifications ..........215,217
lubricant specifications ...215,217
parking ....................................114
shift interlock ..........................116
236
Break-in period .............................2
Capacities for refilling fluids ....212
CD changer .................................62
Child safety restraints ..............101
child safety belts ....................101
child safety seats ....................102
Child safety seats ......................102
attaching with tether straps ..106
built-in child seat ...................102
in front seat ............................103
in rear seat ..............................103
tether anchorage hardware ...106
Cleaning your vehicle ...............208
engine compartment ..............209
exterior ....................................209
exterior lamps .........................210
instrument panel ....................210
interior .....................................210
plastic parts ............................210
safety belts ..............................211
washing ....................................208
waxing .....................................209
wheels ......................................209
wiper blades ............................210
Clock .............................33,39,49,59
Clutch
fluid ..........................................176
operation while driving ..........119
recommended shift speeds ....120
Compass, electronic ....................19
calibration .................................21
set zone adjustment .................20
Console ........................................76
Controls
power seat .................................83
Coolant ...............................178,180
checking and adding ..............178
refill capacities .................180,212
specifications ...................215,217
Customer Assistance ................223
Ford accessories for your
vehicle .....................................230
Index
Ford Extended Service Plan ...224
Getting assistance outside the
U.S. and Canada .....................229
Getting roadside assistance ...223
Getting the service you need ...225
Ordering additional owner’s
literature .................................234
The Dispute Settlement Board ...226
Dipstick
engine oil .................................172
Doors
door ajar warning .....................13
Driveline universal joint and
slip yoke ....................................186
Driving under special
conditions ...........................130,131
sand .........................................131
snow and ice ...........................132
through water ..................131,134
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................163
Emission control system ..........202
Engine ........................................217
check engine/service engine
soon light .................................8,9
coolant .....................................178
diesel ...........................................3
idle speed control ...................187
lubrication specifications ...215,217
refill capacities ........................212
service points ..........................172
starting after a collision .........144
Engine block heater .................110
Engine oil ..................................172
checking and adding .......172,174
dipstick ....................................172
filter, specifications .........174,212
recommendations ...................174
refill capacities .................172,212
specifications .....172,174,215,217
Exhaust fumes ..........................110
Fail safe cooling ........................180
Fluid capacities .........................212
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles ..12,125
control trac ...............................23
description ..............................128
driving off road .......................130
electronic shift ............23,125,128
indicator light ....................12,126
lever operated shift ................126
manual locking hubs ..............126
Fuel ............................................194
calculating fuel economy .......198
cap ...........................................197
capacity ...................................212
choosing the right fuel ...........196
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................201
detergent in fuel .....................197
filling your vehicle
with fuel ....................194,197,199
filter, specifications .........198,212
fuel pump shut-off switch .....144
improving fuel economy ........198
low fuel warning light ................8
octane rating ....................196,217
quality ......................................197
running out of fuel .................197
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................194
Fuses ...................................145,146
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............197
Gas mileage (see Fuel
economy) ...................................198
Gauges .........................................14
battery voltage gauge ...............16
engine coolant temperature
gauge .........................................15
engine oil pressure gauge ........17
odometer ...................................15
speedometer .............................14
tachometer ................................16
trip odometer ............................16
237
Index
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....132
calculating ...............................134
definition .................................132
driving with a heavy load ......132
location ....................................132
GVWR (Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating) ..........................132
calculating ........................132,134
definition .................................132
driving with a heavy load ......132
location ....................................132
Hazard flashers .........................144
Headlamps ...................................22
aiming ......................................208
daytime running lights .............22
flash to pass .........................23,73
high beam .......................12,22,72
turning on and off ....................22
warning chime ..........................13
Heating ........................................24
heater only system ...................24
heating and air
conditioning system .................26
Hood ..........................................171
Ignition .......................................217
positions of the ignition ...........66
removing the key ....................124
Infant seats (see Safety seats) ...102
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................203
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................210
lighting up panel and interior ....23
location of components ..............8
Jump-starting your vehicle ......163
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............13
positions of the ignition ...........66
Lamps
autolamp system .....................203
cargo lamps ...............................23
238
daytime running light ...............22
headlamps .................................22
headlamps, flash to pass .....23,73
instrument panel, dimming .....23
replacing
bulbs ............203,204,205,206,207
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................66
Lights, warning and indicator ......8
air bag ........................................10
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .....11,113
brake ..........................................11
charging system ........................12
check coolant ............................13
door ajar ....................................13
engine oil pressure ...................13
high beam .................................12
low fuel ........................................8
safety belt .................................11
service engine soon .................8,9
turn signal indicator .................12
Load limits .................................132
GAWR ......................................132
GVWR ......................................132
trailer towing ..........................132
Lubricant specifications ....215,217
Lumbar support, seats ...............84
Manual transmission .................119
fluid capacities ........................212
lubricant specifications ..........217
Message center ...........................17
english/metric button ...............17
menu button .............................18
Mirrors
fold away ...................................76
side view mirrors (power) .......75
Motorcraft parts .................198,212
Octane rating ............................196
Odometer .....................................15
Overdrive .....................................73
Panic alarm feature,
remote entry system ..................78
Index
Parking brake ............................114
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....212
Power distribution box (see
Fuses) ........................................149
Power door locks ........................75
Power steering ..........................115
fluid, checking and adding ....182
fluid, refill capacity ................212
fluid, specifications ..........215,217
Radio ............................................29
Relays ........................................145
Remote entry system ............77,78
illuminated entry ......................79
locking/unlocking doors ...........77
panic alarm ...............................78
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................80
replacing the batteries .............78
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ................13,86,87,88,89
Safety Compliance
Certification Label ....................222
Safety defects, reporting ..........235
Safety restraints ...........86,87,88,89
cleaning the safety belts ...91,211
extension assembly ..................90
for adults .........................87,88,89
for children ......................100,101
lap belt ......................................89
warning light
and chime ...................11,13,90,91
Safety seats for children ..........102
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............86
Seats ............................................82
child safety seats ....................102
cleaning ...................................211
Servicing your vehicle ..............169
Snowplowing ...................3,141,142
Spark plugs,
specifications ......................212,217
Special notice .............................3,4
ambulance conversions ..............3
diesel-powered vehicles .............3
four-wheel drive vehicles .......143
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ............................215,217
Speed control ..............................67
Speedometer ...............................14
Starting your vehicle .........107,109
jump starting ..........................163
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................71
Tachometer .................................16
Tailgate ........................................81
Tilt steering wheel ......................71
Tires .............................152,190,191
changing ...........................152,155
checking the pressure ............191
replacing ..................................193
rotating ....................................191
snow tires and chains ............193
tire grades ...............................191
treadwear ................................190
Towing
recreational towing .................140
wrecker ....................................168
Traction-lok rear axle ...............115
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................186
Transmission .............................116
automatic operation ...............116
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................182
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................185
fluid, refill capacities ..............212
lubricant specifications ..........217
manual operation ....................119
Transmission control indictor
light ..............................................11
Trip odometer .............................16
Turn signal .............................12,66
239
Index
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................222
Vehicle loading ..........................132
Ventilating your vehicle ...........111
Warning chimes ...........................13
Warning lights (see Lights) .........8
Washer fluid ..............................177
Water, Driving through .............134
240
Windows
power .........................................74
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and cleaning ............189
operation ...................................72
replacing wiper blades ...........189
Wrecker towing .........................168
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
Filling station information
Item
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Information
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
Refer to Refill capacities in the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
Engine oil (includes
5.7L (6.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft 5W30 Super
filter change)
Premium Motor Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Tire size and pressure Refer to the Certification Label inside of
driver’s door
Hood release
Pull handle under the left side of the
instrument panel.
Coolant capacity
Refer to Refill capacities in the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
Power steering fluid
Fill to line on reservoir. Use Motorcraft
capacity
MERCON威 ATF.
Manual transmission-5- 3.2L (3.4 quarts). Use Synthetic MERCON威
speed
ATF.
Manual transmission-6- 5.5L (5.8 quarts). Use Motorcraft MERCON威
speed
ATF.
16.1L (17.1 quarts). Use Motorcraft MERCON威
Automatic
ATF.2
transmission fluid
1
capacity (with 20
plate oil-to-air cooler)
16.7L (17.7 quarts). Use Motorcraft MERCON威
Automatic
ATF.2
transmission fluid
1
capacity (with 26
plate oil-to-air cooler)
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCON威 and MERCON威 V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCON威 and MERCON威 V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
2
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
transmission fluid level should be set by the indication on the dipstick.
248