Ford 1999 F-350 Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
6
Controls and features
24
Seating and safety restraints
91
Starting and driving
Starting
117
Driving
121
Roadside emergencies
136
Servicing
Maintenance and care
153
Capacities and specifications
200
Customer assistance
206
Reporting safety defects
217
Index
218
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic or mechanical including
photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation
in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 1999 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
Engine exhaust, some if its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
2
Introduction
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal
injury and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its
equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of Severe Duty vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, be sure to read the “Severe Duty Owner’s
Guide Supplement.” This book contains important operation and
maintenance information.
Notice to owners of natural gas fueled vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, be sure to read the “Natural Gas Vehicle
Owner’s Guide Supplement.” This book contains important operation and
maintenance information.
3
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
4
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
MAX
MIN
5
Instrumentation
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 24)
Instrument cluster
(pg. 8)
Driver air bag
(pg. 105)
Headlamp
control
(pg. 24)
AIR
SUSP
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
80
60 70
100
80
120
140
BRAKE
90
60
H
L
< FUEL FILL DOOR
160
40
20
FUEL
10
0FF
AUTO
LAMP
100
30
F
VOLTS
PANEL
DIM
E
180
20
200
MPH
km/h
110
120
P RND21
PUSH INTERIOR
HI
LO
F
ON
R.DEF.
OFF
Rear window
defroster control
(pg. 25)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 63)
* if equipped
6
Speed control*
(pg. 65)
HTEMP
C
Instrumentation
Gearshift with O/D
control
(pg. 128)
Electronic sound system
(pg. 35)
VOL - PUSH ON
H
AM
OIL
CLK
ST
FM1
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
TAPE
AMS
FM
L
SEEK
L
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
2
3
4
RSM
5
H
1-2
FF
6
M
SET
ACC
COAST
OFF
F
MAX A/C
Climate control systems
(pg. 26)
NORM A/C
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Traction control switch*
(pg. 123)
Clock
(pg. 34)
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Standard instrument cluster
AIR
SUSP
TRAC
CNTL
LOW
FUEL
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
60
H
30
F
VOLTS
60 70
50
40
80
20
BRAKE
0000000
100
160
20
E
0 0 0
MPH
AIR
BAG
90
140
180
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
120
40
FUEL
L
100
80
0
200
km/h
110
120
HTEMP
H
OIL
C
L
Optional instrument cluster
CHECK
ENGINE
H
F
S
km
SPEED CONTROL
km/h
MPH
AIR
BAG
N
O
R
M
1/2
C
E
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
–
+
TRIP
A
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Low fuel (if equipped)
Illuminates as an early reminder of a
low fuel condition indicated on the
fuel gauge (refer to Fuel gauge in
this chapter for more information).
When refueling, after the light
comes on, the amount of fuel that is added will be less than the
advertised capacity since there is fuel still in the tank. The ignition must
be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate for several seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level to ensure your bulb is working.
LOW
FUEL
8
Instrumentation
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check
Engine light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine
startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle
service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
9
Instrumentation
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
AIR
BAG
Engine coolant temperature (if equipped)
Illuminates when the engine coolant
temperature is high. Stop the
vehicle as soon as safely possible,
switch off the engine and let it cool.
Never remove the coolant
recovery cap while the
engine is running or hot.
Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care chapter. If light
stays on or continues to turn on after the vehicle warms up, have your
vehicle serviced.
This light also illuminates briefly when the ignition key is turned to ON.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
10
Instrumentation
Brake system warning
• Standard instrument cluster
!
BRAKE
• Optional instrument cluster
BRAKE
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
!
P
position. Also illuminates if the
parking brake is engaged. If brake
warning lamp does not illuminate at these times, seek service
immediately. Illumination after releasing the parking brake indicates low
brake fluid level and the brake system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
ABS
position. If the light remains on,
continues to flash or fails to
illuminate, have the system serviced
immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with the parking brake released.
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out
turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
11
Instrumentation
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring
electrical system service.
Engine oil pressure (if equipped)
Illuminates when the oil pressure
falls below the normal range. Stop
the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level and
add oil if needed. Refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
This lamp also illuminates when the ignition is turned to ON and the
engine is off.
Air suspension (if equipped)
• Standard instrument cluster
AIR
SUSP
• Optional instrument cluster
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
DOOR
OVERDRIVE OFF
AJAR
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
LOW
km
WASHER
MILES
position. Also illuminates when the
FLUID
/GAL
air suspension requires repair, the
air suspension switch is OFF or the
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
load limit is exceeded. For
information on the air suspension system, refer to the Driving chapter.
12
Instrumentation
O/D off
• Standard instrument cluster
O/D
OFF
• Optional instrument cluster
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
DOOR
OVERDRIVE OFF
AJAR
Illuminates when the Transmission
Control Switch (TCS), refer to
LOW
km
WASHER
MILES
Overdrive control in the Controls
FLUID
/GAL
and Features chapter, has been
pushed turning the transmission
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
overdrive function OFF. When the
light is on, the transmission does not operate in the overdrive mode,
refer to the Driving chapter for transmission function and operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission malfunction is
detected. If the light does not come on when the Transmission Control
Switch is depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
Traction ControlY active (if equipped)
Flashes when the Traction Controly
TRAC
system begins applying and
CNTL
releasing the brakes and adjusting
the engine characteristics to limit a
wheelspin condition. It will be lit for a minimum of four seconds or for
the duration of the Traction Controly event.
If the Traction Controly indicator comes on or stays lit, either:
• the Traction Controly system needs service, or
• the customer has disabled the system using the traction control switch
in the glove compartment.
For more information, refer to the Driving chapter.
Message center indicator lights (if equipped)
Speed control
This light comes on when either the
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
speed control OFF control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition
is turned to the OFF position.
SPEED CONTROL
13
Instrumentation
Door ajar
Illuminates when one of the doors is
not completely shut and the ignition
is turned to ON. With the ignition
ON, this light will flash five times
and sound a tone for one second,
then remain on (if a door is open).
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
Low washer fluid
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to ON and will
stay on when the windshield washer
fluid is low.
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
Trunk ajar
If the trunk is not completely
closed, this light comes on when
you turn the ignition to ON. With
the ignition ON, this light will flash
five times and sound a tone for one
second, then remain on (if the trunk
is open).
LTR/100 km
LTR/100 km
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
14
Instrumentation
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
GAUGES
Standard instrument cluster gauges
AIR
SUSP
TRAC
CNTL
LOW
FUEL
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
60
H
30
F
VOLTS
60 70
20
140
0000000
BRAKE
100
160
180
E
0 0 0
MPH
0
AIR
BAG
90
20
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
80
120
40
FUEL
L
100
80
200
km/h
110
120
HTEMP
H
OIL
C
L
Optional instrument cluster gauges
CHECK
ENGINE
H
F
S
km
SPEED CONTROL
km/h
MPH
AIR
BAG
N
O
R
M
1/2
C
E
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
–
+
TRIP
A
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much fuel is in the fuel tank (when the key
is in the ON position). The fuel gauge may vary slightly when the vehicle
is in motion. The ignition should be in the OFF position while the vehicle
is being refueled. When the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small
amount of reserve fuel in the tank. When refueling the vehicle from
empty indication, the amount of fuel that can be added will be less than
the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
15
Instrumentation
• Standard instrument cluster
F
FUEL
E
• Optional instrument cluster
A minimum of four gallons must be
added or removed from the fuel
tank in order for the gauge to
instantaneously update. If less than
four gallons is added, the gauge will
take between five to ten minutes to
update.
F
1/2
E
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
• Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
60
30
100
80
80
120
140
0000000
40
20
10
16
90
100
160
180
20
0 0 0
MPH
0
km/h
200
110
120
Instrumentation
• Optional instrument cluster
S
km
km/h
MPH
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers (miles) of the vehicle.
• Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
40
100
80
80
120
140
90
60
30
0000000
40
20
10
• Optional instrument cluster
S
100
160
180
20
0 0 0
MPH
0
km/h
200
110
120
km
km/h
MPH
Refer to Electronic Message Center for information on how to switch
the display from metric to English measurements.
17
Instrumentation
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
60
70
50
80
120
100
40
140
80
30
20
60
0 00000
160
100
180
40
km/h
10
90
20
MPH
0 0 0 0
110
120
Refer to Electronic Message Center for Trip A and Trip B features on
the optional instrument cluster.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely possible, switch off the
ignition and let it cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the Maintenance
and care chapter.
Never remove the coolant recovery cap while the engine is
running or hot.
• Standard instrument cluster
HTEMP
C
18
Instrumentation
• Optional instrument cluster
H
N
O
R
M
C
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate. If the gauge enters the red section, the engine
coolant and Check Engine/Service Engine Soon indicators illuminate,
refer to What you should know about fail-safe cooling in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
Battery voltage gauge (if equipped)
This shows the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated), have the vehicle’s
electrical system checked as soon as
possible.
H
VOLTS
L
Engine oil pressure gauge (if equipped)
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “H” and “L”).
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
H
OIL
L
19
Instrumentation
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
ELECTRONIC MESSAGE CENTER
The electronic message center only
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
DOOR
OVERDRIVE OFF
AJAR
works when the ignition is in the
ON position.
LOW
km
WASHER
MILES
The message center allows you to:
FLUID
/GAL
• see problems such as door ajar,
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
air suspension, trunk ajar, washer
DISTANCE
AVG FUEL
fluid low
TO EMPTY
ECONOMY
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
• see how many kilometers/miles
A
B
SPEED
you can drive before running out
of fuel
• see when overdrive has been deactivated
• monitor the average fuel economy
• check the distance traveled during a trip on either Trip A or Trip B
• monitor the average speed
Selectable features
Reset
Press this control to reset the
selected message center function to
zero. The only functions which can
be reset are:
• AVG ECON
• TRIP A or TRIP B
• AVG SPEED
20
RESET
E/M
SELECT
Instrumentation
E/M
Press this control to switch the
electronic instrument cluster display
and the message center display from
metric to English units.
Select
Each press of the SELECT control
will select a different function.
Press the right side of the control to
advance the function to the right,
and press the left side of the control
to advance the function to the left.
To reset any function:
1. Push either the right or left side
of the SELECT control to choose
the desired function.
2. Press the RESET control and the
selected message center function
will be reset to zero.
RESET
E/M
SELECT
RESET
E/M
SELECT
RESET
E/M
SELECT
Message center functions
DISTANCE TO EMPTY (DTE)
This function estimates
approximately how far you can drive
with the fuel remaining in your tank
under normal driving conditions.
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
TRIP
A
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
21
Instrumentation
Remember to turn the ignition OFF when refueling your vehicle.
Otherwise, the display will not show the addition of fuel for a few miles.
At least four gallons of fuel must be added for the fuel gauge to
immediately show the new fuel level.
The DTE function will flash for 5 seconds and sound a tone for 1 second
when you have approximately:
• 80 km (50 miles) left before you run out of fuel
• 40 km (25 miles)
• 16 km (10 miles)
The message center will remain in
RESET
E/M
SELECT
the DTE function until the SELECT
control is pressed to change
functions.
Displayed DTE will not be equal to
AVG ECON multiplied by the FUEL
REMAIN value. DTE is calculated
using a method that considers the
fuel economy of the last 800 km
(500 miles) driven.
If “CO” or “CS” is displayed, there is a problem with the fuel indication
system and you should contact your dealer for service as soon as
possible.
AVG FUEL ECONOMY (average fuel economy)
Select this function to display your
DISTANCE
AVG FUEL
TO EMPTY
ECONOMY
average fuel economy in liters/100
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
km or miles/gallon.
A
B
SPEED
If you calculate your average fuel
economy by dividing miles traveled by gallons used, your figure may be
different than displayed for the following reasons:
• your vehicle was not perfectly level during fill-up
• differences in the automatic shut-off points on the fuel pumps at
service stations
• variations in top-off procedure from one fill-up to another
• rounding of the displayed values to the nearest 0.1 liter (gallons)
22
Instrumentation
Press the RESET control while AVG
ECON is displayed to reset the
function.
The average displayed is the average
since the last reset.
TRIP A and TRIP B
These two functions allow you to
see how far you have traveled since
you last reset. Trip A and Trip B are
completely independent and must
be reset individually.
To reset either trip feature to zero,
press the RESET control while the
appropriate trip distance feature
(TRIP A or TRIP B) is displayed.
RESET
E/M
SELECT
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
TRIP
A
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
TRIP
A
RESET
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
E/M
AVG
SPEED
AVG
SPEED
SELECT
AVG SPEED (average speed)
Select this function to display your
DISTANCE
AVG FUEL
TO EMPTY
ECONOMY
average speed in miles per hour or
TRIP
TRIP
AVG
kilometers per hour.
A
B
SPEED
Your vehicle must be moving to
calculate your average speed. When your vehicle is not moving, the
average speed is displayed at 0 kilometers (0 miles) per hour.
23
Controls and features
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlight
and parklamp operation.
• Push up to brighten.
• Push down to dim.
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
PANEL
DIM
OFF
P
To turn on the interior lamps, push the headlamp control in and release.
To turn the interior lamps off, push the headlamp control again.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the highbeam headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the key must be in the ON position,
• the parking brake released, and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
24
Controls and features
High beams
Push forward to activate.
Pull toward you to deactivate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
AUTOLAMP CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
The autolamp system provides light
OFF
P
sensitive automatic on-off control of
the exterior lights normally
controlled by the headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the
AUTO
lights on for a preselected period of
LAMP
time after the ignition switch is
turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the
control counterclockwise. The preselected time lapse is adjustable up
to approximately three minutes by continuing to rotate the control
counterclockwise.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control clockwise to OFF.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
The rear defroster control is located
on the instrument panel.
R.DEF.
25
Controls and features
Press the rear defroster control to clear the rear window of thin ice and
fog.
• A small LED will illuminate when the rear defroster is activated.
The ignition must be in the ON position to operate the rear window
defroster.
The defroster turns off automatically after 10 minutes or when the
ignition is turned to the OFF position. To manually turn off the defroster
before 10 minutes have passed, push the control again.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
LO
OFF
VENT
FLOOR
NORM
A/C
MIX
MAX
A/C
HI
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
LO
HI
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
VENT
NORM
A/C
FLOOR
MIX
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
and FLR. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
26
Controls and features
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than NORM A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This
mode can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX
A/C but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air will not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
• FLR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air through
the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• MIX-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster ducts and
the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are provided
in this mode. For added customer comfort, when the temperature
control knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full cold
positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly
warmer than the air sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
• DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
27
Controls and features
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, do not drive with the
climate control system in the OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Do not put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) system
(if equipped)
The EATC system will maintain a
selected temperature and
AUTO
automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation
with any of the override controls or
the fan speed control.
F
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
28
NORM A/C
OFF
HI
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Controls and features
Turning the EATC on
Press AUTOMATIC, any of the
override controls or the fan speed
control. The EATC will only operate
when the vehicle is running.
HI
OFF
F
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF. The Outside
Temperature function will continue
to operate until the ignition is
turned off.
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
HI
OFF
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Automatic operation
Press AUTOMATIC and select the desired temperature. The selected
temperature and the word AUTO will appear in the display window. The
EATC system will either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically determine fan speed, airflow
location and if outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed thumbwheel is turned.
When in AUTOMATIC and weather conditions require heat, air will be
sent to the floor. However, if the engine is not warm enough to provide
heat, the fan will be at a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 31⁄2 minutes or less, the fan speed will start to increase
and the airflow location will change to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging, etc.), the manual
override controls allow you to select airflow locations and the fan control
allows you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window indicates the
selected temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the override
controls) and manual control of fan
speed (
) if automatic fan speed is not desired.
˚F
AUTO
29
Controls and features
To control the temperature, select
any temperature between 18°C
(65°F) and 29°C (85°F) by pressing
the blue (cooler) or red (warmer)
buttons.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
VENT
NORM A/C
For continuous maximum cooling, push the blue button until 16°C
(60°F) is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a
warmer temperature is selected by pressing the red button.
For continuous maximum heating, push the red button until 32°C (90°F)
is shown in the display window. The EATC will continue maximum
heating (disregarding the displayed temperature) until a cooler
temperature is selected by pressing the blue button.
Temperature conversion
Press MAX A/C and DEF
at
the same time (for one second) to
switch between Fahrenheit and
Celsius.
OFF
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
If your vehicle has an English/Metric (E/M) control to change your
electronic instrument cluster display (if equipped) and the message
center display (if equipped) from English to Metric, this control will also
change the temperature display. Refer to Electronic Message Center in
the Instrumentation Chapter.
30
Controls and features
Fan speed (
)
When AUTOMATIC is pressed, fan
speed is adjusted automatically for
existing conditions. You can override
fan speed at any time. To control
fan speed manually, use the
thumbwheel to cancel automatic fan
speed operation. Rotate the
thumbwheel up for higher fan speed
or down for lower fan speed.
The display will show
manual fan operation.
HI
OFF
AUTOMATIC
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
to indicate
˚F
AUTO
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTOMATIC.
Manual override controls
The override controls are located at
the bottom of the EATC and allow
you to determine where airflow is
directed. To return to full automatic
control, press AUTOMATIC.
OFF
F
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
The air conditioning compressor can operate in all modes except FLOOR
and VENT. It will also operate only when required when AUTOMATIC
has been selected. However, the air conditioning will only function if the
outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
display will remain the same and air will be cooled based on the
selected temperature. To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other
override controls. MAX A/C is noisier than NORM A/C but more
31
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
•
32
economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster. Airflow is
from the instrument panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
NORM A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. The temperature
display will remain the same and air will be cooled based on the
selected temperature. It is quieter than MAX A/C but not as
economical. Fan speed will remain automatic. Airflow is from the
instrument panel registers.
VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel registers.
However, the air cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in this mode.
FLOOR-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air cannot be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
FLR•DEF-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort, the air
distributed through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the windshield defroster ducts. If the temperature is about
10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the windshield defroster
DEF
ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield. If the
outside air temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air
conditioner will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time, use this mode to reduce undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
Controls and features
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP to display
the outside air temperature. It will
be displayed until OUTSIDE TEMP
is pressed again.
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
NORM A/C
VENT
If the selected temperature is changed while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new temperature will be displayed for four seconds after it
is changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window.
If a manual override function is selected while the outside temperature is
displayed, the new function will be displayed for four seconds after it is
changed, then the outside temperature will return to the window along
with the override selection.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate when the vehicle is
moving. Higher readings may be obtained when the vehicle is not
moving. The readings that you get may not agree with temperatures
given on the radio due to differences in vehicle and station locations.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select DEF
before driving. This will reduce
fogging on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the back seats.
33
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate the air
conditioner as you would normally.
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
CLOCK
Press H to set the hour.
H
M
H
M
Press M to set the minute.
The auxiliary power point is located under the instrument panel on the
left hand side of the front passenger foot well. This outlet should be
used in place of the cigarette lighter for optional electrical accessories.
34
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
3
4
AM/FM
VOL
PUSH
ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH
ON
35
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
36
SEEK
TUNE
Controls and features
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to four preset AM stations and eight
FM stations (four in FM1 and four in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the TONE control once, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TONE control twice, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
3
4
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
37
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the TONE control three times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Speaker fade adjust (if equipped)
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the TONE control four times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Setting the clock
Your vehicle is equipped with a separate instrument panel mounted
clock. Please refer to Clock in this chapter for instructions on setting the
clock.
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
38
2
3
4
5
6
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
39
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
40
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
41
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
CLK
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
To activate the feature, momentarily
AMS
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the
beginning of the current selection) or FF (to advance to the next
42
Controls and features
selection). The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when the AMS
circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
mode.
To rewind in tape mode, press the
REW control.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
4
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
Press the
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
43
Controls and features
Setting the clock
Your vehicle is equipped with a separate instrument panel mounted
clock. Please refer to Clock in this chapter for instructions on setting the
clock.
AM/FM Stereo / Single CD Radio
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
SCN
ST
FM1
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
CLK
DISC
SEEK
EJ
TUNE
COMP
DISCS
CD
1
CD
2
SHUFFLE
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
44
4
5
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
6
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and CD modes.
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
TUNE
(whether or not a listenable
DISCS
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust in CD changer mode (if equipped)
• Press
to move to the previous
disc. Hold for quick movement.
• Press
to move to the next
disc. Hold for quick movement.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
45
Controls and features
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, CD or CD changer mode (if
equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Seek function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
• Press
to listen to the next
SEEK
selection on the current disc.
TUNE
DISCS
• Press
to listen to the previous
selection on the current disc.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD mode.
SCN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in CD or CD changer mode (if equipped)
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
current CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the
first track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press
the control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four or six station memory preset controls.
These controls can be used to select up to four or six preset AM stations
and eight or twelve FM stations (four to six in FM1 and four to six in
FM2).
46
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
47
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
CD select
• To begin CD play (if CD[s] are
loaded), press the CD control.
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
Press the control again to begin
CD changer play (if equipped).
Rewind
The rewind control works in CD mode.
To rewind in CD mode, press the
CD control (preset 1).
Press the control again to deactivate
rewind mode.
48
AM
FM
CD
CD
1
Controls and features
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in CD mode.
To fast forward in CD changer
mode, press the CD control (preset
2).
Press the control again to deactivate
fast forward mode.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
CD
2
EJ
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate and deactivate compression adjust.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
and CD changer mode (if equipped)
6
and plays all tracks on the current
disc in random order.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
49
Controls and features
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette (CD Changer Compatible)
BASS
BAL
SEL
TREB
VOL
PUSH ON
CD
EJ
TAPE
AM
FM
TUNE
SEEK
MUTE
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
RDS
SCAN
4
FADE
AUTO
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Your audio system is equipped with selective lighting, a unique lighting
strategy. This lighting feature is operable when the headlamps are
illuminated. During the operation of any selected mode, lighting for the
individual function controls will either illuminate or turn off. Those
controls which have a function for the specific mode of operation
selected will be lit, while the controls which have no function for that
mode will be turned off.
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
VOL
PUSH ON
50
Controls and features
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio or CD mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
TUNE
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer
• Press
to select the previous
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
51
Controls and features
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.) Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the discs.
• Press
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode (if
equipped).
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
SEEK
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous
SEEK
selection on the tape or return to
the beginning of the current
selection.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function for CD changer
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
, the CD changer will replay
three seconds or more and you press
that selection from the beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode (if equipped).
52
SCAN
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
REW
FF
SIDE 1.2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFF
5
6
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
53
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
If there are less than six strong stations available on the frequency band,
the remaining memory preset controls will all store the last strong
station available.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of bass.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TREB control. Use the
SEL control to increase or decrease
the amount of treble.
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control. Use the SEL
control to adjust the sound between
the speakers.
54
BASS
SEL
TREB
BASS
SEL
TREB
BAL
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control. Use the
SEL control to adjust the sound
between the front and rear
speakers.
BAL
SEL
FADE
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
CD
TAPE
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
• To begin CD play (if equipped
with CD changer), ensure that
CD
TAPE
the CDs are loaded. Press the CD
control. The first track of the disc
will begin playing. After that, CD play will begin where it stopped last.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less than three seconds
results in slow rewind. Pressing the control for more than three
seconds results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape and CD modes (if equipped).
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
FF
2
55
Controls and features
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than three seconds results in
slow forward action. Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
reduction reduces the amount of
4
hiss and static during tape playback.
Press the
control to activate
(and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
The Dolbyt noise reduction system is manufactured under license from
Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation. Dolbyt and the double-D
symbol are trademarks of Dolbyt Labratories Licensing Corporation.
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
5
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
The effect of the feature varies with the music content.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
mode and plays all tracks on the
current disc in random order. If
equipped with the CD changer, the
56
SHUFF
6
Controls and features
shuffle feature continues to the next disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
MUTE
Radio data system (RDS) feature
This feature allows your audio
system to receive station
RDS
identification or program type from
RDS-equipped FM radio stations.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) recommend FM radio
broadcasters to use RDS technology to transmit information. FM radio
stations are independently operated and individually elect to use RDS
technology to transmit station ID and program type as desired.
Press and hold the control for five seconds to turn the feature on or off.
Press the control to scroll through the following selections:
Traffic
• Press the RDS control until
TRAFFIC is displayed.
RDS
• Use the SEL control to select ON
or OFF. With the feature on, use
the SEEK or SCAN control to
SEL
find a radio station broadcasting a
traffic report (if it is broadcasting
RDS data).
Traffic information is not available in most U.S. markets.
Program type
• Press the RDS control until the
FIND program type is displayed.
RDS
57
Controls and features
• Use the SEL control to select the
program type. With the feature
on, use the SEEK or SCAN
control to find the desired
program type from the following
selections:
• Classic
• Country
• Info
• Jazz
• Oldies
• R&B
• Religious
• Rock
• Soft
• Top 40
Show
• With RDS activated, press the
RDS control until SHOW is
displayed.
• Use the SEL control to select
TYPE (the display shows the
program type), NAME (the
display shows the call letters of
the station) or NONE.
SEL
RDS
SEL
RDS clock feature
Refer to Setting the clock for information.
Setting the clock
Your vehicle is equipped with a separate instrument panel mounted
clock. Please refer to Clock in this chapter for instructions on setting the
clock.
58
Controls and features
CD changer (if equipped)
The CD changer is located in one of the following locations:
• in the trunk
• in the center console
• under the driver’s seat
1. Slide the door to access the CD
changer magazine.
2. Press
to eject the magazine.
3. Turn the magazine (A) over.
4. Using the disc holder release
knob (C), pull the disc holder (B)
out of the magazine.
A
B
C
59
Controls and features
A
If you pull too hard on the disc holder, the disc holder may come
completely out of the magazine. If this happens, reinsert the disc holder
back into the magazine while pressing on the lever (A).
5. Line up the CD with the groove
of the disc holder. Ensure that the
label on the CD faces downwards.
6. Press in on the disc holder until it
locks securely into the magazine. If
the disc holders are not fully locked
into the magazine, the unit will not
operate.
Ensure that the disc holder is
evenly inserted and at the same
level as the magazine (A). The unit
will not operate if the disc holder is
not inserted at the same level (B).
A
B
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in the changer. The
magazine may be stored in the glove box when not being used.
60
Controls and features
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with the radio power off.
ONLY use the magazine supplied with the CD changer, other types will
damage the unit.
Keep the CD changer door closed. Coins and foreign objects will damage
the CD player and void your audio system warranty.
Do not insert any promotional (odd shaped or sized) discs, or
discs with removable labels into the CD changer as that jamming
may occur.
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc player is harmful to the
eyes. Do not attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing badly scratched discs or
the disc may be dirty. Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage
the player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface downward.
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C (140°F). Allow the
player to cool down before operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within industry standards is
inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe from the center out to
the edge. Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat sources for extended
periods of time.
61
Controls and features
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of the CD changer
magazine.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
62
Controls and features
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
The flash rate of the turn signal will speed up considerably if the
Lighting Control Module detects a left or right turn lamp bulb (front or
rear) is burned out.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push the control on the end of the
stalk to activate washer. Push and
hold for a longer wash cycle.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
63
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
4
accessories such as the radio to
3
operate while the engine is not
5
running.
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
2
automatic transmission gearshift
lever and allows key removal.
1
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
64
Controls and features
OVERDRIVE CONTROL
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and downshifts through
all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
O/D
ON/OFF
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
The transmission will operate in all
gears except overdrive. To return to
O/D
ON/OFF
normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL will no longer be
illuminated.
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
(Overdrive) mode.
automatically return to normal
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transmission
Operation section of the Driving chapter.
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
65
Controls and features
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
66
Controls and features
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. Release the control
when the desired vehicle speed is
RESUME
reached or
SET
• Press and release SET/SET ACC/
ACCEL
SET ACCEL. Each press will
COAST
increase the set speed by 1.6
km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
67
Controls and features
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal.
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
68
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
Indicator light (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SET ACC/SET ACCEL or RES/RSM/
RESUME controls are pressed. It
turns off when the speed control OFF control is pressed, the brake is
applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF position.
SPEED CONTROL
HOMELINKT UNIVERSAL TRANSCEIVER (IF EQUIPPED)
The HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, located on the driver’s visor,
provides a convenient way to replace up to three hand-held transmitters
with a single built-in device. This feature will learn the radio frequency
codes of most current transmitters to operate garage doors, entry gates,
security systems, entry door locks, and home or office lighting.
When programming your HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver, to a
garage door or gate be sure that people and objects are out of
the way to prevent potential harm or damage.
Do not use the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver with any garage door
opener that lacks safety stop and reverse features as required by U.S.
federal safety standards (this includes any garage door opener model
manufactured before April 1, 1982). A garage door which cannot detect
an object, signaling the door to stop and reverse, does not meet current
U.S. federal safety standards. For more information on this matter, call
toll-free: 1–800–355–3515 or on the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
69
Controls and features
Programming
1. Prepare for programming the
HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver by
erasing the three factory default
codes by holding down the two
outside buttons until the red light
begins to flash after 20 seconds.
Release both buttons.
2. Hold the end of your hand-held
transmitter 5–14 cm (2–5 inches)
away from the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver surface (located on your visor) while keeping the red light in
view.
3. Using both hands simultaneously
press and hold the hand-held
transmitter button and the desired
HomeLinkt button. Do not release
the buttons until step 4 has been
completed.
Some entry gates and garage door
openers may require you to replace
step 3 with the procedure in the “Canadian Programing” section.
4. The red light will flash slowly and then rapidly. Release both buttons
when the red light flashes rapidly.
5. Follow steps 2 through 4 to program the remaining two buttons.
If you do not successfully program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver
after repeated attempts, refer to Rolling code programing which
follows, or call toll-free customer assistance: 1–800–355–3515 or on the
Internet at HomeLink.jci.com.
Canadian Programming
During programming, your hand-held transmitter may automatically stop
transmitting after two seconds which may not be long enough to
program the HomeLinkt Universal Transceiver.
70
Controls and features
To program your hand-held
transmitters:
• continue to hold the button on
the HomeLinkt Universal
Transceiver.
• press and re-press the hand-held
transmitter button every two
seconds until the red light changes from a slow to a fast flash.
Operating the HomeLinkT Universal Transceiver
Once programmed, the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver can be used in
place of hand-held transmitters. To
operate, simply press and release
the appropriate HomeLinkt button
(the red light will illuminate,
indicating the signal is being
transmitted).
Rolling code programming
Rolling code garage door openers (or other rolling code devices) which
are “code protected” and manufactured after 1996, may be determined
by the following:
• Reference the device owner’s manual for verification
• The hand-held transmitter appears to program the HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver but does not activate the device.
• Press and hold the trained HomeLinkt button. The device has the
rolling code feature if the indicator light flashes rapidly and then turns
solid after two seconds.
After completing the “Programming” functions, follow these steps to
train a garage door opener with the rolling code feature:
1. Locate the training button on the garage door motor head unit.
Refer to the garage door opener manual or call 1–800–355–3515 or on
the Internet at HomeLink.jci.com. if there is difficulty locating the
training button.
2. Press the training button on the garage door motor head unit (which
will activate the “training” light”).
71
Controls and features
3. Press and release the
programmed HomeLinkt button.
Press and release the HomeLinkt
button a second time to complete
the training process. (Some garage
door openers may require this
procedure to be done a third time
to complete the training).
The 2nd or 3rd press from step 3 will activate the door. The HomeLinkt
Universal Transceiver has now been trained to the receiver. The
remaining two buttons may now be programmed if this has not
previously been done.
Erasing HomeLinkT buttons
Individual buttons cannot be erased,
however, to erase the three
programmed buttons:
1. Hold down the two outside
buttons until the red light begins to
flash after 20 seconds.
2. Release both buttons.
Reprogramming a single HomeLinkT button
To program a device to HomeLinkt using a HomeLinkt button previously
trained, follow these steps:
1. Press and hold the desired HomeLinkt button. Do NOT release until
step 4 has been completed.
2. When the indicator light begins to flash slowly (after 20 seconds),
position the hand-held transmitter 5–14 cm (2 to 5 inches) away from
the HomeLinkt surface.
3. Press and hold the hand-held transmitter button.
4. The HomeLinkt indicator light will flash, first slowly and then rapidly.
When the indicator light begins to flash rapidly, release both buttons.
The previous device has now been erased and the new device can be
activated by pushing the HomeLinkt button that has just been
programmed.
72
Controls and features
AUTOMATIC DIMMING INSIDE REAR VIEW MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle is equipped with an inside rear view mirror which has an
auto-dimming function. The electronic day/night mirror will change from
the normal state to the non-glare state when bright lights (glare) reach
the mirror. When the mirror detects bright light from front or behind, it
will automatically adjust (darken) to minimize glare.
Do not block the sensor on the backside of the mirror since this may
impair proper mirror performance.
Press the control to turn the mirror
on or off.
The mirror will automatically return
to the normal state whenever the
vehicle is placed in R
(Reverse)(when the mirror is on) to
ensure a bright clear view when
backing up.
COMP
MIRROR
ELECTRONIC COMPASS (IF EQUIPPED)
The compass reading will remain accurate during most driving
conditions. Unknown to the driver, the compass is continuously
recalibrating due to magnetic fields and subtle, slow changes in vehicle
magnetics which can occur over the life of the vehicle.
The compass reading will remain fixed when significant levels are
experienced (such as steel bridges). The compass will return to normal
operation upon leaving the magnetized area.
If highly magnetized items (such as magnetic mount antennas) are
placed very near the compass the display will change to “C” for 15
seconds, then display all segments until the magnetized item is removed.
If a “C” is displayed, refer to Compass calibration adjustment.
Most geographic areas (zones) have a magnetic north compass point that
varies slightly from the northerly direction on maps. This variation is four
degrees between adjacent zones and will become noticeable as the
vehicle crosses multiple zones. A correct zone setting will eliminate this
error. Refer to Compass zone adjustment.
73
Controls and features
Compass zone adjustment
1. Determine which compass zone
you are in by referring to the zone
map.
1
15
2
14
3
13
4
12
11
5
6
10
7
8
9
2. With the compass display turned
on, press and hold the COMP side of
NW
the control for no more than six
seconds until the zone selection
number appears in the mirror
display window. If a “C” appears
repeat this step.
3. Release the COMP side of the
control, then press it down again.
4. Continue to press until your zone number is shown in the mirror
display, then release.
5. The display will show all segments, then return to normal compass
mode within ten seconds.
COMP
MIRROR
Compass calibration adjustment
Perform this adjustment in an open area free from steel structures and
high voltage lines.
1. Start the vehicle.
74
Controls and features
2. Press and hold the COMP side of
the control for approximately six
seconds until “C” appears in the
mirror display.
3. Drive the vehicle slowly (less
than 5 km/h [3 mph]) in circles or
on your everyday routine until the
display reads a direction.
4. The compass is now calibrated.
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
The remote trunk release control is
located on the driver’s door trim
panel and can be operated at any
time.
NW
COMP
MIRROR
K
UN
R
T
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
75
Controls and features
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
Express down
• Press AUTO and release quickly.
The window will open fully.
Depress again to stop window
operation.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock feature allows only
the driver to operate the power
windows.
To lock out all the window controls
WINDOW LOCK
except for the driver’s press the left
side of the control. Press the right side to restore the window controls.
76
Controls and features
POWER DOOR LOCKS
Press U to unlock all doors and L to
lock all doors.
U
L
Smart locks
With the key in the ignition, in any switch position, and either the
driver’s or passenger’s door open, the doors cannot be locked using the
front door lock switches.
While the key is in the ignition, the vehicle can be locked by manually
pressing the lock control, operating the remote entry transmitter, or
operating the drivers door lock with the key.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
The power mirrors can be operated at any time.
To adjust your mirrors:
1. Select L to adjust the left mirror
or R to adjust the right mirror.
L
R
77
Controls and features
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
L
R
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are set, the rear
doors cannot be opened from the
inside. The rear doors can be
opened from the outside when the
doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks are located on
rear edge of each rear door and
must be set separately for each door. Setting the lock for one door will
not automatically set the lock for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the childproof lock. Move control down
to disengage childproof locks.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so that the
eyelet is over the pointed end of the
retention post and rotate forward to
lock in. Make sure that the mat does
not interfere with the operation of
the accelerator or the brake pedal.
To remove the floor mat, reverse the
installation procedure.
78
Controls and features
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
The horn will chirp and the
parklamps/taillamps will flash to
confirm the control was pressed.
Deactivating/activating the horn chirp feature
The horn chirp feature can be turned on/off through the following
procedure:
79
Controls and features
You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control on the door panel three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON. The door locks will cycle lock/unlock.
6. Press the unlock control twice.
7. After a five to ten second delay, the door locks will cycle lock/unlock
to confirm successful programming.
8. Turn the ignition to OFF.
This feature can be turned on/off
through the following procedure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
using the keyless entry keypad.
1. Enter the keyless entry keypad factory-set code.
2. Within 5 seconds press and hold 7/8 control.
3. Within 5 seconds with 7/8 held down, press and release 1/2 control.
4. Release 7/8 control. The doors will lock/unlock to confirm successful
programming.
Autolock (if equipped)
This feature automatically locks all doors when:
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the ignition is in the ON position
• you shift into R (Reverse) or D (Drive).
Relock
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and closed
• the brake pedal is released
Deactivating/activating the autolock feature
Before following the procedure, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors are closed.
80
Controls and features
Automatic door locks can be turned on/off with the keyless entry keypad
through the following procedure:
You must complete steps 1-5 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Enter the keyless entry keypad factory code.
2. Within 5 seconds, press and hold control 7/8.
3. Within 5 seconds (while holding down control 7/8), press and release
control 3/4.
4. Release control 7/8.
The door will lock/unlock to confirm the feature has been disabled. Once
disabled, the feature can be enabled by repeating the same sequence.
Automatic door locks can also be turned on/off through the following
procedure:
You must complete steps 1-7 within 30 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated. If the procedure needs to be repeated, you must
wait 30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key to ON.
2. Press the power door unlock control on the door panel three times.
3. Turn the ignition key from ON to OFF.
4. Press the power door unlock control three times.
5. Turn the ignition back to ON.
6. Press the unlock control once. After a five to ten second delay, the
door will lock/unlock to confirm successful programming.
7. Turn the ignition to OFF.
81
Controls and features
Opening the trunk
Press the control once to open the
trunk.
Ensure that the trunk is closed and
latched before driving your vehicle.
Failure to latch the trunk may cause
objects to fall out of the trunk or
block the rear view.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds after the UNLOCK
button on the remote transmitter is pressed or when the ignition is
turned to the START or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
82
Controls and features
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 30 minutes after the
last door is closed or after 10 minutes if the door is left open.
Replacing the battery
The remote transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium
battery CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to
be up to 10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in
operating range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the remote transmitter to
become deprogrammed from your vehicle. The remote transmitter should
operate normally after battery replacement.
83
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s transmitters
to your dealer if service is required.
If you purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be
programmed into memory), perform
the following procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters
yourself, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON
four times in rapid succession within
3 seconds. After doors lock/unlock, press any control on all transmitters
(up to four). When completed, turn the ignition to OFF.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same time.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with a coded-key anti-theft system. Only the
correct key will be able to start your vehicle. If your keys are lost or
stolen, you must take your vehicle to your dealership for key
reprogramming.
This system provides an advanced level of vehicle theft protection. Your
vehicle’s engine can only be started with the two coded keys provided
with your vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the coded key is
read by the anti-theft system. If the key identification code matches the
code stored in the anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to
start. If the key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a coded key is not detected (vehicle theft situation), the
vehicle’s engine will not operate.
If there is any anti-theft problem with your vehicle, ensure ALL coded
keys for that vehicle are brought to the dealership, to aid in
troubleshooting.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may result in
vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection. Large metallic
objects, electronic devices on the key chain that can be used to purchase
gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS ignition key may cause vehicle starting concern and record DTC’s
under certain conditions. If present, you need to keep these objects from
touching the PATS ignition key while starting the engine. These objects
84
Controls and features
and devices cannot damage the PATS ignition key, but can cause a
momentary concern if they are too close to the key during engine start.
If a problem occurs, turn ignition OFF and restart the engine with all
other objects on the key ring held away from the ignition key. Check to
make sure the encoded ignition key is an approved Ford encoded
ignition key.
Spare coded keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your anti-theft system. Refer to Programming spare
SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your coded keys are lost or stolen and you want to
ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available coded keys to your dealership for reinitialization.
Theft indicator
The theft indicator in the instrument cluster will operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every
two seconds to indicate the anti-theft system is protecting your
vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to ON or START, the theft indicator will
light for three seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on
for an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare coded keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your anti-theft system (up to a total of eight keys). Your
dealership can program your new coded key(s) to your vehicle or you
can do it yourself using the following simple procedure. To program a
new coded key yourself, you will need two previously programmed coded
keys (keys that already operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously
programmed coded keys are not available (one or both of your original
keys were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership
to have the spare coded key(s) programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New coded keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for your
vehicle.
Conventional (non-coded) keys cannot be programmed to your vehicle.
85
Controls and features
You will need to have two previously programmed coded keys and the
new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for timely
implementation of each step in the procedure. Please read and
understand the entire procedure before you begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed coded key into the ignition and
turn the ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least
one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first coded key from the ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed coded key into the ignition and turn the ignition
from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least one second but no
more than five seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second coded key from the
ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the new
unprogrammed key (new key/valet key) into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least one
second). This step will program your new key to a coded key.
6. To program additional new unprogrammed key(s), repeat this
procedure from step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new coded key(s) will
start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the instrument
panel) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new coded key(s)
will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash on and
off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from step 1.
If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have the new
spare key(s) programmed.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
With the keyless entry keypad, you
can:
• lock or unlock the vehicle doors
without using the key.
• open trunk
• disable/enable horn chirp.
• disable/enable autolock
86
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
Controls and features
See also Remote entry system in this chapter for more information.
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that operates the keyless
entry system. You can also program your own 5–digit personal entry
code.
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove compartment
• taped to the computer module
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry keypad, press the
middle of the controls to ensure a good activation.
Programming your own entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control within five
seconds of step 1.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
3. Enter your personal 5 digit code.
Enter each digit within five seconds
of the previous one.
All of the vehicle doors will lock and unlock to confirm programming of
the new code.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same number or presents
them in sequential order. Thieves can easily figure out these types of
codes.
You can program up to three personal codes to unlock your vehicle.
These codes do not replace the permanent code that the dealership gave
you.
87
Controls and features
Erasing personal code
To erase all of the personal entry codes programmed to a vehicle:
1. Enter the factory-set code.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
2. Press 1/2 within 5 seconds of step
1.
3. Press and hold 1/2 for two
seconds. All of the vehicle doors will
lock and then unlock to confirm
erasure.
Unlocking the doors and releasing the trunk with the keyless entry
system
To unlock the driver door, enter either the factory-set code or personal
code (each digit pressed within 5 seconds of prior digit). The interior
lamps will illuminate.
To unlock all doors, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
(driver door unlocks) and press 3/4
within five seconds.
To release the trunk, enter the
factory-set code or personal code
(driver door unlocks) and press 5/6
within five seconds.
1 2
3 4
5 6
7 8
9 0
After the factory-set code or personal code has been entered, you can
unlock all doors (press 3/4) and release the trunk (press 5/6) as long as
the controls are pressed within 5 seconds of each other.
88
Controls and features
Locking doors with the keyless entry system
It is not necessary to enter the factory-set code prior to locking all doors.
To lock the doors:
Press 7/8 and 9/0 at the same time.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
INTERIOR LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT RELEASE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle is equipped with a mechanical interior luggage compartment
release handle that provides a means of escape for children and adults in
the event they become locked inside the luggage compartment.
Adults are advised to familiarize themselves with the operation and
location of the release handle.
To open the luggage compartment
door (lid) from the inside, pull the
illuminated “T” shaped handle and
push up on the trunk lid. The
material that the handle is made of
will glow for hours in the darkness
of the luggage compartment
following brief exposure to ambient
light.
The “T” shaped handle will be
located either on the luggage
compartment door (lid) or inside
the luggage compartment near the
tail lamps.
89
Controls and features
Keep vehicle doors and
luggage compartment
locked and keep keys out of a
child’s reach. Unsupervised
children could lock themselves in
an open trunk and risk injury.
Children should be taught not to
play in vehicles.
On hot days, the temperature in the trunk or vehicle interior can
rise very quickly. Exposure of people or animals to these high
temperatures for even a short time can cause death or serious
heat-related injuries, including brain damage. Small children are
particularly at risk.
90
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head restraints which are
vertically adjustable. The purpose of these head restraints is to help limit
head motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly adjust your head
restraints, lift the head restraint so that it is located directly behind your
head or as close to that position as possible. Refer to the following to
raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head rests to the
desired position.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
91
Seating and safety restraints
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the manual recline function (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
92
Seating and safety restraints
To adjust the front seatback using
the manual recliner:
• Lift and hold the handle located
on the side of the seat.
• Lean against the seatback to
adjust it to your desired position.
You can recline the seat back or
bring it forward.
• Release the handle when the desired position has been reached.
Adjusting the power front seats – door mounted controls
The controls for the power seats are located on the inside of each front
door.
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to avoid injuring
people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
Press the control to recline the
seatback forward or backward.
93
Seating and safety restraints
Press to move the seat forward or
backward.
Press to move the front portion of
the seat cushion up or down.
Press to move the rear portion of
the seat cushion up or down.
Adjusting the power seats – seat mounted controls
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
94
Seating and safety restraints
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
The power seat controls are located
on the side of the driver’s seat.
Press to raise or lower the seat, or
to move the seat forward or
backward.
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar control is located
on the outboard side of the seat.
Press one side of the control to
adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control
to adjust softness.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
95
Seating and safety restraints
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
96
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are
combination lap and shoulder belts. The front passenger and rear seat
outboard safety belts have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
97
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
98
Seating and safety restraints
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height
adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the
shoulder belt so the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height,
push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height
of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height
adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the shoulder belt
height adjusters so that the
belt rests across the middle of
your shoulder. Failure to adjust
the safety belt properly could
reduce the effectiveness of the
seat belt and increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
99
Seating and safety restraints
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
100
Seating and safety restraints
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8
seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
Belt minder (if equipped)
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled approximately 5 seconds
after the safety belt warning light
has turned off...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is
activated - the safety belt warning
light illuminates and the warning
chime sounds for 6 seconds every
30 seconds, repeating for
approximately 5 minutes or until
safety belt is buckled.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
while the safety belt indicator light activate.
is illuminated and the safety belt
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
before the ignition switch is turned activate.
to the ON position...
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
101
Seating and safety restraints
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given... Consider...
9Crashes are rare 36 700 crashes occur every day. The more we
events9
drive, the more we are exposed to 9rare9 events,
even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be seriously
injured in a crash during our lifetime.
9I’m not going far9 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of home.
9Belts are
Ford designs its safety belts to enhance comfort. If
uncomfortable9
you are uncomfortable - try different positions for
the safety belt upper anchorage and seatback which
should be as upright as possible; this can improve
comfort.
9I was in a hurry9 Prime time for an accident. Belt Minder reminds
us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
9Seat belts don’t Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk of
work9
death to front seat occupants by 45% in cars, and
by 60% in light trucks.
9Traffic is light9
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
crashes, many when no other vehicles are around.
9Belts wrinkle my Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more than
clothes9
wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
unbelted.
9The people I’m Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times more
with don’t wear
often in vehicles with TWO or MORE people.
belts9
Children and younger brothers/sisters imitate
behavior they see.
9I have an air
Air bags offer greater protection when used with
bag9
safety belts. Frontal airbags are not designed to
inflate in rear and side crashes or rollovers.
9I’d rather be
Not a good idea, people who are ejected are 40
thrown clear9
times more likely to DIE. Safety belts help
prevent ejection, WE CAN’T 9PICK OUR CRASH9.
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
102
Seating and safety restraints
One time disable
Anytime the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an ignition
ON cycle, Belt Minder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the deactivation/
activation programming procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission).
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during Belt Minder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
103
Seating and safety restraints
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently enabled, or enable Belt
Minder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the
safety belt warning light four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds, followed by
three seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then followed by
flashing the safety belt warning light four times per second for three
seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
104
Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
AIR
SUSP
OD
OFF
CHECK
ENGINE
50
40
80
60 70
100
80
120
140
BRAKE
90
60
H
PANEL
DIM
AUTO
LAMP
0FF
10
< FUEL FILL DOOR
E
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
180
20
200
MPH
km/h
P RND21
110
120
FM1
BASS
160
40
20
FUEL
L
100
30
F
VOLTS
HTEMP
H
TREB
CLK
ST
10:35
BAL
FADE
CD
TAPE
AMS
OIL
SEEK
C
L
SCAN
EJ
w
f
DOLBY B NR
TUNE
1
2
3
4
5
REW
SIDE
FF
1-2
6
PUSH INTERIOR
HI
LO
R.DEF.
F
H
ON
M
RSM
SET
ACC
OFF
COAST
OFF
F
NORM A/C
HI
AUTO
OUTSIDE TEMP
MAX A/C
AUTOMATIC
VENT
FLOOR
FLR • DEF
DEF
LO
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle
and may help Ford better understand real world collisions and further
improve the safety of future vehicles.
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
105
Seating and safety restraints
Always transport children 12 years old and under in the back
seat and always properly use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the air bag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Modifications to the front end of the vehicle, including frame,
bumper, front end body structure and tow hooks may effect the
performance of the air bag sensors increasing the risk of injury. Do not
modify the front end of the vehicle.
106
Seating and safety restraints
Children and air bags
For additional important safety
information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly
restrained. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear
seating positions than in the front
seating position. Failure to follow
these instructions may increase the
risk of injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a
child in a child seat.
NEVER place a rear-facing child
seat in front of an active air bag. If
you must use a forward-facing
child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
longitudinal deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to close an
electrical circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or rear-impacts unless
the collision causes sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
107
Seating and safety restraints
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, contact with
a deploying air bag may also cause abrasions, swelling or temporary
hearing loss. Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable
force, there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as fractures,
facial and eye injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants who
are not properly restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time
of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be
properly restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• diagnostic module
108
Seating and safety restraints
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal circuits and the
supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the impact
sensors), the system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air
bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument cluster or a tone to
indicate the condition of the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness
section in the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance of the air
bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness light will either
AIR
flash or stay lit.
BAG
• The readiness light will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles (including
pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
109
Seating and safety restraints
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can be
positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or neck,
the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child closer to
the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt fit.
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
110
Seating and safety restraints
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the
buckle.
111
Seating and safety restraints
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
Children 12 and under should be properly restrained in the rear
seat whenever possible.
112
Seating and safety restraints
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear a snap and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
113
Seating and safety restraints
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with your knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
114
Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in the lap belt seating positions
1. Lengthen the lap belt. To lengthen the belt, hold the tongue so that its
bottom is perpendicular to the direction of webbing while sliding the
tongue up the webbing.
2. Place the child safety seat in the center seating position.
3. Route the tongue and webbing through the child seat according to the
child seat manufacturer’s instructions.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for the center seating
position until you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on tongue.
5. Push down on the child seat while pulling on the loose end of the lap
belt webbing to tighten the belt.
6. Before placing the child into the child seat, forcibly tilt the child seat
from side to side and in forward direction to make sure that the seat is
held securely in place. If the child seat moves excessively, repeat steps 5
through 6, or properly install the child seat in a different position.
Attaching child safety seats with tether straps
Most new forward-facing child safety seats include a tether strap which
goes over the back of the seat and hooks to an anchoring point. Tether
straps are available as an accessory for many older safety seats. Contact
the manufacturer of your child seat for information about ordering a
tether strap.
The rear seats of your vehicle are equipped with built-in tether strap
anchors located behind the seats as described below.
The tether anchors in your vehicle are either located under a cover
marked with the tether anchor symbol (shown with title) or are recessed
bars on the back side of the seatback.
The tether strap anchors in your vehicle are in the following positions
(shown from top view):
Attach the tether strap only
to the appropriate tether
anchor as shown. The tether strap
may not work properly if attached
somewhere other than the correct
tether anchor.
115
Seating and safety restraints
1. Position the child safety seat on the passenger seat cushion.
2. Route the child safety seat tether strap over the back of the seat.
For vehicles with adjustable head restraints, route the tether strap under
the head restraint and between the head restraint posts, otherwise route
the tether strap over the top of the seatback.
3. Locate the correct anchor for the
selected seating position.
4. Open the tether anchor cover.
5. Clip the tether strap to the
anchor as shown.
If the tether strap is clipped
incorrectly, the child safety
seat may not be retained properly
in the event of a collision.
6. Refer to the Installing child
safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt seating positions
section of this chapter for further instructions to secure the child safety
seat.
7. Tighten the child safety seat tether strap according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
If the safety seat is not anchored properly, the risk of a child
being injured in a collision greatly increases.
116
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This system
meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard requirements
regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than 10
minutes at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
117
Starting
3. Make sure the parking brake is
set.
HOOD
4. Make sure the gearshift is in P
(Park).
5. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
If there is difficulty in turning the
3
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
5
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
2
when:
• front wheels are turned
1
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
CHECK
ENGINE
H
F
S
km
SPEED CONTROL
km/h
MPH
AIR
BAG
N
O
R
M
1/2
C
E
CHECK AIR SUSPENSION
OVERDRIVE OFF
DOOR
AJAR
LOW
WASHER
FLUID
km
MILES
/GAL
TRUNK AJAR
LTR/100 km
DISTANCE
TO EMPTY
–
+
TRIP
A
AVG FUEL
ECONOMY
TRIP
B
AVG
SPEED
PRN D 21
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
light may not illuminate.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
118
Starting
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°C
(10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
seconds and try again.
4
3
5
2
1
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, Press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
119
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
120
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a self-check after you start
the engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical noise may be
heard during this test. This is normal. If a malfunction is found, the ABS
warning light will come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
121
Driving
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake with auto-release
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked.
To set the parking brake:
1. Move the gearshift to P (Park).
2. Push pedal downward.
HOOD
122
Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is fully released.
BRAKE
!
P
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
Your vehicle has an automatic parking brake release (except for
police/fleet vehicles which have the manual release). To release the
parking brake:
1. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
2. Press the brake pedal.
3. Move the gearshift from the P (Park) position to one of the forward
gears (the parking brake will not release automatically when you shift
into reverse). The brake pedal must remain pressed while the gearshift is
moved.
If the parking brake fails to release
after completing this procedure, use
the manual parking brake release
lever.
Pull the lever to manually release
the parking brake.
HOOD
TRACTION CONTROLY (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with the optional Traction Controly
system. This system helps you maintain the stability and steerability of
your vehicle. It is especially useful on slippery and/or hilly road surfaces.
123
Driving
The system operates by detecting and controlling wheel spin. The system
borrows many of the electronic and mechanical elements already present
in the anti-lock braking system (ABS).
Wheel-speed sensors allow excess rear wheel spin to be detected by the
Traction Controly portion of the ABS computer. Any excessive wheel
spin is controlled by automatically applying and releasing the rear brakes
in conjunction with engine torque reductions. Engine torque reduction is
realized via the fully electronic spark and fuel injection systems. This
process is very sensitive to driving conditions and very fast acting. The
rear wheels “search” for optimum traction several times a second and
adjustments are made accordingly.
The Traction Controly system will allow your vehicle to make better use
of available traction on slippery surfaces. The system is a driver aid
which makes your vehicle easier to handle primarily on snow and ice
covered roads.
During Traction Controly operation you may hear an electric motor type
of sound coming from the engine compartment and the engine will not
“rev-up” when you push further on the accelerator. This is normal
system behavior.
If you should become stuck in snow or ice or on a very slippery road
surface, try switching the Traction Controly system off. This may allow
excess wheel spin to “dig” the vehicle out and enable a successful
“rocking” maneuver.
If the Traction Controly system is cycled excessively, the brake portion
of the system will shut down to prevent the rear brakes from
overheating. A limited Traction Controly function using only engine
torque reduction will still control wheels from over-spinning. When the
rear brakes have cooled down, the system will again function normally.
Anti-lock braking is not affected by this condition and will function
normally during the cool down period.
The traction control indicator
TRAC
flashes during a Traction Controly
CNTL
system event.
If the traction control indicator
comes on and stays lit, either:
• the Traction Controly system requires service, or
• the customer has disabled the system using the traction control switch
located on the left side of the glove compartment.
124
Driving
The Traction Controly system will be on every time you turn the ignition
key from OFF to ON until you deactivate the system using the traction
control switch in the glove compartment.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
Speed sensitive steering (except police vehicles)
The steering in your vehicle is speed sensitive. At high speeds, steering
assist will decrease to improve steering feel. At lower speeds,
maneuverability will be increased.
If the amount of effort required to steer your vehicle changes at a
constant vehicle speed, have the power steering system checked by your
dealer or a qualified service technician.
AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and
general vehicle performance during:
• certain road conditions
• steering maneuvers
• braking
• accelerations
125
Driving
This system keeps the rear of your vehicle at a constant level by
automatically adding air or releasing air from the springs.
If you exceed the load limit, the rear air suspension may not operate.
The air suspension shut-off switch is
AIR SUSPENSION
located on the left side of the trunk.
SWITCH
If this switch is in the OFF position,
INTERRUPTEUR DE
the rear air suspension will not
LA SUSPENSION
operate.
PNEUMATIQUE
WARNING
OFF
On vehicles equipped with
To prevent sudden
vehicle movement,
Air Suspension, turn OFF
turn off air suspenthe Air Suspension switch prior to
sion switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or
jacking, hoisting or towing your
towing vehicle.
OFF-ARRET
vehicle.
AVERTISSEMENT
Normal vehicle operation does not
require any action by the driver.
Pour prévenir tout mouvement soudain du véhicule, placer à l'arrêt l'interrupteur de la suspension
pneumatique avant de lever to véhicule (cric ou
pont élévateur) ou de le remorquer.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
126
Driving
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission
Understanding gearshift positions
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift
lever is latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you
leave your vehicle.
127
Driving
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this gear.
Overdrive
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
Overdrive can be deactivated by
pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive
Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever with the gearshift in the Drive position. The
O/D OFF indicator will illuminate in the instrument cluster. Transmission
operates in gears one through three. Drive provides more engine braking
than Overdrive and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
To return to Overdrive mode, press the transmission control switch. The
O/D OFF indicator light will no longer be illuminated.
128
Driving
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal Overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if the Overdrive
mode is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
Overdrive. Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
129
Driving
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of the towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
130
Driving
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve
capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the total axle reserve capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the total axle reserve capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and front and rear gross
axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these limitations
be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation could result
in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
The weight of your loaded trailer should not exceed 907 kg (2 000 lbs).
The GCW of your vehicle and trailer should not exceed 2 993 kg (6 600
lbs).
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is classified as a light duty towing vehicle. Do not tow a
trailer until your vehicle has been driven at least 3 200 km (2 000 miles).
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these components
carefully after towing.
Your loaded trailer should weigh no more than 907 kg (2 000 lbs.).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
131
Driving
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle bumper. Use a load
carrying hitch. You must distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of
the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains
under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are safe
if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications. The
trailer brakes must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
132
Driving
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance guide
for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) and increase idle speed. This aids engine
cooling and air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
133
Driving
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
Recreational towing (all wheels on the ground)
Follow these guidelines for your specific powertrain combination to tow
your vehicle with all four wheels on the ground (such as behind a
recreational vehicle).
These guidelines are designed to ensure that your transmission is not
damaged due to insufficient lubrication.
All Rear Wheel Drive (RWD) vehicles
This applies to all cars and 4x2 trucks/sport utilities with rear wheel
drive capability.
An example of recreational towing is towing your vehicle behind a
Motorhome. The following recreational towing guidelines are designed to
ensure that your transmission is not damaged.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Maximum speed is 56 km/h (35 mph).
• Maximum distance is 80 km (50 miles).
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Ford recommends the
driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified technician. See your
local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
134
Driving
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission vent tube is
submerged may allow water into the transmission and cause
internal transmission damage.
135
Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing to the nearest Ford of Canada or Ford Motor Company
dealership, or towing to your selling dealership if within 56 km (35
miles). Even non-warranty related tows, like accidents or getting stuck
in the mud or snow, are covered (some exclusions apply, such as
impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it is found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford will
reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain information about
reimbursement, call 1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
Call 1–800–665–2006 in Canada.
136
Roadside emergencies
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated.
137
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located on the left side of the trunk
behind the trunk liner.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
138
15
Roadside emergencies
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of the steering wheel by
the brake pedal. Remove the panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
139
Roadside emergencies
18
16
17
14
15
12
11
10
13
8
7
6
3
4
2
9
5
1
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
140
Fuse Amp
Passenger Compartment
Rating
Fuse Panel Description
15A
Brake Pedal Position (BPP) Switch,
Multi-Function Switch, Speed Control
30A
Wiper Control Module, Windshield Wiper
Motor
—
Not Used
15A
Lighting Control Module, Main Light Switch
15A
Backup Lamps, Variable Assist Power
Steering (VAPS), Turn Signals, Air
Suspension, Daytime Running Lamps,
Electronic Day/Night Mirror, Shift Lock,
EATC, Speed Chime Warning
15A
Speed Control, Main Light Switch, Lighting
Control Module, Clock, Police Power Relay
25A
Powertrain Control Module (PCM) Power
Diode, Ignition Coils
15A
Lighting Control Module, Power Mirrors,
PATS Module, Keyless Entry, Clock
Memory, Electronic Automatic Temperature
Control (EATC), Power Windows, Police
Spot Light, SecuriLock
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
9
10
11
12
Fuse Amp
Rating
30A
10A
5A
18A CB
13
15A
14
20A CB
15
10A
16
17
18
20A
10A
10A
Passenger Compartment
Fuse Panel Description
Blower Motor, A/C-Heater Mode Switch
Air Bag Module
Radio
Lighting Control Module, Flash-to-Pass,
Main Light Switch
Warning Lamps, Analog Cluster Gauges and
Indicators, Electronic Automatic
Transmission, Lighting Control Module
Window/Door Lock Control, Driver’s Door
Module, One Touch Down
Anti-Lock Brakes, Instrument Cluster,
Transmission Control Switch
Cigar Lighter, Auxiliary Power Point
Rear Defrost
Air Bag Module
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is located in the engine compartment. The
power distribution box contains high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and care chapter.
141
17
16
8
7
15
RELAY
4
RELAY
3
14
6
12
4
13
11
3
5
10
2
1
9
RELAY
1
RELAY
2
Roadside emergencies
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
30A*
25A*
30A*
15A*
20A*
20A CB
8
9
10
30A**
50A**
50A**
11
40A**
142
Power Distribution Box Description
Electric Fuel Pump Relay
Generator, Starter Relay, Fuses 15 and 18
Radio, CD Changer, Subwoofer Amplifier
Police Power Relay
Horn Relay
DRL Module
Power door Locks, Power Seats, Trunk Lid
Release
Air Suspension System
See Fuses 5 and 9
See Fuses 1, 2, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13 and Circuit
Breaker 14
See Fuses 4, 8, 16 and Circuit Breaker 12
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
12
Fuse Amp
Power Distribution Box Description
Rating
30A**
PCM Power Relay, PCM, Natural Gas
Vehicle Module
13
50A**
High Speed Cooling Fan Relay
14
40A**
Rear Window Defrost Relay, Also see Fuse
17
15
50A**
Anti-Lock Brake Module
16
50A**
Police Option Fuse Holder
17
30A CB
Cooling Fan Relay
Relay 1
—
Rear Defrost Relay
Relay 2
—
Horn Relay
Relay 3
—
Cooling Fan Relay
Relay 4
—
Air Suspension Pump Relay, Police Power
Relay
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and should be replaced
by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or full-size spare tire. The temporary
spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than a regular
tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire with a
full-size tire as soon as possible.
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
143
Roadside emergencies
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
1. Park on a level surface, activate hazard flashers and set parking brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in P (Park) and turn engine OFF.
3. Remove the spare tire and the
jack and lug wrench which are
under the spare tire.
4. Locate pry off notch (if
equipped) and remove the center
ornament from the aluminum wheel
with the tapered end of the wheel
nut wrench that came with your
vehicle. Insert and twist the handle,
then pry against the wheel.
144
Roadside emergencies
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground. Refer to
Anti-theft lug nuts for information
on removing anti-theft lug nuts.
On vehicles equipped with
Air Suspension, turn OFF
the Air Suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or towing your
vehicle.
AIR SUSPENSION
SWITCH
INTERRUPTEUR DE
LA SUSPENSION
PNEUMATIQUE
WARNING
Refer to Air suspension system in
the Driving chapter for more
information.
To prevent sudden
vehicle movement,
turn off air suspension switch prior to
jacking, hoisting or
towing vehicle.
OFF
OFF-ARRET
AVERTISSEMENT
Pour prévenir tout mouvement soudain du véhicule, placer à l'arrêt l'interrupteur de la suspension
pneumatique avant de lever to véhicule (cric ou
pont élévateur) ou de le remorquer.
Jacking notches are located
approximately six inches rearward
of the front wheels and twelve
inches foward of the rear wheels.
6. Locate the jack notch closest to
the tire you are changing, then
place the jack under the frame of
the vehicle aligning it with the
notch.
7. Position the jack according to the following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the wheel is completely off the ground.
145
Roadside emergencies
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the rear differential
as a jacking point.
8. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
9. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub.
Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
10. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
11. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
12. Put flat tire, jack and lug wrench
3
4
away.
13. Turn on the air suspension
switch (if equipped).
5
2
Anti-theft lug nuts (if equipped)
If your vehicle is equipped with this feature, one of the lug nuts on each
wheel must be removed and replaced with a special key. The key and
registration card are attached to the lug wrench and stored with the
spare tire. If you lose the key, send the registration card to the
manufacturer (not the dealer) to get a replacement key. If the lug
wrench/lug nut key assembly is lost, see your nearest Ford or
Lincoln/Mercury dealer who has access to the master set of keys. Do not
use an impact wrench with the anti-theft key.
146
Roadside emergencies
To remove the anti-theft lug nut:
1. Insert the key over the locking
lug nut. Make sure you hold the key
square to the lug nut. If you hold
the key at an angle, you could
damage the key and the lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and apply pressure on
the key with the wrench.
3. Turn the wrench in a counterclockwise direction to remove the lug
nut.
To install the anti-theft lug nut:
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and apply pressure on
the key with the wrench.
3. Install the lug nut.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
147
Roadside emergencies
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
148
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
149
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
150
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
151
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
Before your vehicle can be towed, the air suspension control in the
luggage compartment must be turned to the OFF position (if equipped).
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
152
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, keep loose clothing, jewelry or long hair
away from moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in the
Battery section in this chapter.
153
Maintenance and care
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front of the hood.
3. Lift the hood until the lift
cylinders hold it open.
154
HOOD
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
9
2
1
3
4
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
7
6
5
Brake fluid reservoir
Engine oil dipstick
Engine oil filler cap
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Battery
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
155
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
MIN
MAX
DO NOT OVERFILL
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
156
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is within this
range, the oil level is acceptable.
DO NOT ADD OIL.
MIN
MAX
DO NOT OVERFILL
• If the oil level is below this
mark, engine oil must be added
to raise the level within the
normal operating range.
MIN
MAX
DO NOT OVERFILL
• If required, add engine oil to the
engine. Refer to Adding engine
oil in this chapter.
• Do not overfill the engine
with oil. Oil levels above this
MIN
mark may cause engine
damage. If the engine is
overfilled, some oil must be
removed from the engine by a
qualified service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
MAX
DO NOT OVERFILL
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal operating range, add
only certified engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the
157
Maintenance and care
engine oil filler cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the
opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
normal operating range on the engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
158
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only brake fluids certified to
meet Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant specifications in the
Capacities and specifications chapter. DOT 3 fluid is recommended.
However, if DOT 3 is not available, DOT 4 fluid can be used.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use DOT 5 or any other brake fluid that is not DOT 3 or
DOT 4, you will cause permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry, this may
cause the brakes to fail.
159
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to
Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling
system components.
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
Your engine’s cooling system has been factory-filled with a 50/50 mixture
of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10), or an equivalent premium engine coolant
that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
A 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant
provides:
• maximum cooling system efficiency.
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
160
Maintenance and care
• protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• an accurate temperature readout from the engine coolant
gauge.
The engine coolant must be maintained at the correct fluid level
and concentration to work properly. If the engine coolant fluid
level and concentration is not maintained correctly, damage to
the engine and cooling system may result.
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its
specified function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
161
Maintenance and care
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544-AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir. If engine coolant is sprayed onto the windshield, it
could make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the
“cold fill level” or within the “ cold fill range” as listed in the engine
coolant reservoir (depending upon application).
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you drive your vehicle the
next few times (with the engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” or within the
“cold fill range” as listed on the reservoir (depending upon application).
162
Maintenance and care
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
To avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from being released from
the engine cooling system, never remove the radiator cap while
the engine is running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may result
in damage to the engine’s cooling system and possible severe personal
injury.
If you must remove the radiator cap, follow these steps to avoid personal
injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use of a recycled engine coolant which
does not meet the Ford specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
163
Maintenance and care
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• it may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• it is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
What you should know about fail-safe cooling
If the engine coolant supply is depleted, this feature allows the vehicle to
be driven temporarily before incremental component damage is incurred.
The “fail-safe” distance depends on ambient temperatures, vehicle load
and terrain.
164
Maintenance and care
How fail-safe cooling works
• Standard cluster
HTEMP
C
• Optional cluster
H
N
O
R
M
C
If the engine begins to overheat:
• the engine coolant temperature gauge will move to the H (hot) area
(if your vehicle is equipped with analog gauges).
• the engine coolant temperature gauge will illuminate all eight bars and
a tone will sound every five seconds for one minute (if your vehicle is
equipped with digital gauges).
symbol will illuminate.
• the
• the Check Engine indicator light will illuminate.
If the engine reaches a preset over-temperature condition, the engine
will automatically switch to alternating cylinder operation. Each disabled
cylinder acts as an air pump and cools the engine.
When this occurs the vehicle will still operate. However:
• the engine power will be limited.
• the air conditioning system will be disabled.
165
Maintenance and care
Continued operation will increase the engine temperature:
symbol will begin to flash.
• the
• if your vehicle is equipped with digital gauges, the gauge bars will
flash and a tone will sound every five seconds for one minute.
• the engine will completely shut down, causing steering and braking
effort to increase.
Once the engine temperature cools, the engine can be re-started. Take
your vehicle to a service facility as soon as possible to minimize engine
damage.
When fail-safe mode is activated
You have limited engine power when in the fail-safe mode, so drive the
vehicle with caution. The vehicle will not be able to maintain high-speed
operation and the engine will run rough. Remember that the engine is
capable of completely shutting down automatically to prevent engine
damage, therefore:
1. Pull off the road as soon as safely possible and turn off the engine.
2. Arrange for the vehicle to be taken to a service facility.
3. If this is not possible, wait a short period for the engine to cool.
4. Check the coolant level and replenish if low.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
5. Re-start the engine and take your vehicle to a service facility.
Driving the vehicle without repairing the engine problem
increases the chance of engine damage. Take your vehicle to a
service facility as soon as possible.
166
Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level in the
reservoir. It should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do not add
fluid if the level is in this range.
POW
NG
RI
NOT
DO
ERFILL
OV
STE
ER UI E
FL D
MAX
MIN
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the range between the MIN and MAX lines. Be
sure to put the cap back on the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
167
Maintenance and care
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
DON’T ADD
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
168
Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
DON’T ADD
DON’T ADD
DON’T ADD
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
DON’T ADD
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns
and/or possible damage.
169
Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
170
Maintenance and care
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. With your foot on the brake pedal and with the A/C on, put the
vehicle in D (Drive) and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
7. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock must be reset once the battery is reconnected.
171
Maintenance and care
R
TU
LE
AD
RE
N
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
AIR FILTER MAINTENANCE
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for changing the air filter element.
When changing the air filter element, use only the Motorcraft air filter
element listed. Refer to Motorcraft Part Numbers in the Capacities and
specifications chapter.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
Changing the air filter element
1. Loosen the clamp that secures the air inlet tube to the engine air filter
cover and disconnect the tube from the cover.
2. Release the clamps that secure the air filter housing cover.
3. Carefully separate the two halves of the air filter housing.
4. Remove the air filter element from the air filter housing.
5. Wipe the air filter housing and cover clean to remove any dirt or
debris and to ensure good sealing.
172
Maintenance and care
6. Install a new air filter element. Be
careful not to crimp the filter
element edges between the air filter
housing and cover. This could cause
filter damage and allow unfiltered
air to enter the engine if not
properly seated.
7. Replace the air filter housing cover and secure the clamps.
8. Replace the air inlet tube and secure the clamp.
Failure to use the correct air filter element may result in severe
engine damage. The customer warranty may be voided for any
damage to the engine if the correct air filter element is not used.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To make changing the wiper blades easy, turn the ignition to ACC, then
turn the wipers on. When the wipers reach the vertical position, turn the
ignition to LOCK.
173
Maintenance and care
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
174
Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
175
Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the Tire
Pressure label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
• Four tire rotation (for vehicles
with aluminum wheels)
176
Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation (for vehicles
with steel wheels and full size
spare tires)
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
177
Maintenance and care
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended that steel
wheels (of the same size and specifications) be used as chains may chip
aluminum wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
178
Maintenance and care
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Gasoline may contain benzene, which is a cancer-causing agent.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuel such as
gasoline is highly toxic and if
swallowed can cause death or
permanent injury. If fuel is
swallowed, call a physician immediately, even if no symptoms are
immediately apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be visible for
hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
179
Maintenance and care
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline vapors,
or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In sensitive
individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If fuel is
splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap and
water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an adverse
reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
180
Maintenance and care
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
181
Maintenance and care
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is designed to use
“Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do
not recommend the use of gasolines
(R+M)/2 METHOD
labeled as “Regular” that are sold
with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes knocks lightly. However, if
it knocks heavily under most driving conditions while you are using fuel
with the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician to prevent any engine damage.
87
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Many of the world’s automakers issued the World-wide Fuel Charter that
recommends gasoline specifications to provide improved performance
and emission control system protection for your vehicle. Gasolines that
meet the World-wide Fuel Charter should be used when available. Ask
your fuel supplier about gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel
Charter.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality. These gasolines may contain oxygenates up to 10%
ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
182
Maintenance and care
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” indicator may come on. For more information on
the “Check Engine” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
section of the Capacities and specifications chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of usable fuel remaining in the
fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of empty reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
183
Maintenance and care
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
184
Maintenance and care
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
185
Maintenance and care
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only the specified fuel listed.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
186
Maintenance and care
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Check Engine” light, charging system warning light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
187
Maintenance and care
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be replaced immediately. If a
bulb is removed for an extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood.
2. Remove the protective cover by turning the three knobs to the unlock
position.
188
Maintenance and care
3. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
4. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
5. Without turning, remove the old
bulb from the lamp assembly by
gently pulling it straight back out of
the lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
1. With the flat side of the new bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert
the glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. Turn the bulb left or
right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in the lamp
assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the lamp
assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating it clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Install the protective cover over headlamps locking it in place with
three knobs.
189
Maintenance and care
5. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
The park/turn lamp bulbs can be replaced with out removing the
headlamp assembly.
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position, then open the hood.
2. Remove the protective cover by turning the three knobs to the unlock
position.
3. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
4. Rotate the bulb socket
counterclockwise and remove from
lamp assembly.
5. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
the socket and push in the new bulb
until it snaps, locking it into
position.
6. To complete installation, follow the removal procedure in reverse
order.
Replacing tail lamp/brake/turn lamp bulbs
The tail lamp, the brake lamp and the turn signal lamp bulbs are located
in the tail lamp assembly. Follow the same steps to replace either bulb.
190
Maintenance and care
1. Open the trunk and carefully pull
the carpet away to expose the
plastic retainer.
2. Remove plastic retainer to expose
the lamp assembly hardware.
3. Remove three nut and washer
assemblies and the lamp assembly
from the vehicle.
4. Remove the bulb socket by
rotating it counterclockwise, then
pulling it out of the lamp assembly.
5. Pull the bulb from the socket and
push in the new bulb.
6. Install the bulb socket into the
lamp assembly by rotating it
clockwise.
7. Install the lamp assembly on the
vehicle with three nut and washer
assemblies ensuring the washers on
the nuts are flush with the body to
prevent water from entering the
trunk.
8. Install the plastic retainer and carefully push the carpet back in to
place.
191
Maintenance and care
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
1. Remove two screws, grommets
and the license plate lamp assembly
from the trunk lid.
2. Carefully pull the bulb from the
socket and push in the new bulb.
3. Install the lamp assembly on
trunk lid with two grommets,
ensuring the grommets are pushed
all the way in to the trunk lid and
secure with two screws.
Replacing backup lamp bulbs
1. Open trunk and remove bulb
socket from the trunk lid by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Pull the bulb straight out of the
socket and push in the new bulb.
3. Install the bulb socket in trunk lid
by turning clockwise.
Replacing high-mount brakelamp bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Replacing the interior bulbs
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs must
be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an “E” for
Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern and safe
visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly or void the
lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn time.
192
Maintenance and care
Function
Trade Number
Headlamp
9007
Park lamp and turn lamp (front)
3457 NAK (amber)
Side marker (front)
194 NA (amber)
Cornering lamp (front)
3156K
Tail, stop, turn (rear)
3157 K
Side marker (rear)
194
Backup lamp
3156K
License plate lamp
168
High-mount brakelamp
912
Luggage compartment lamp
212-2
Dome lamp
906
Rear reading lamp
211-2
Map lamp
168
Illuminated visor mirror
168
Dual floorwell lamp
906
Glove compartment
168
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
193
Maintenance and care
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such as bird droppings
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce minor scratches and
paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a cleaning fluid with a
clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing your vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any surfaces which appear
coarse or bumpy. If you have wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
194
Maintenance and care
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior Acrylic Spray
Lacquer (#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line.
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on
the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. If
necessary, use a tar remover such as Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road
Oil Remover (B7A-19520–AA).
195
Maintenance and care
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades, windshield and rear window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield or rear window such as tree sap and some
hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of
the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford
Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from your
Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause
scratches. The windshield or rear window is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and wiper
blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Never apply anything to the drive belt (including belt dressing).
196
Maintenance and care
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
197
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the lens.
Cleaning seats equipped with side air bags
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Follow the directions that come with
the cleaner. Do not saturate the seat cover with upholstery cleaner.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the seat mounted side air bag. Such products could contaminate
the side air bag system and affect performance of the side air bag in a
collision.
Woodtone trim
Wipe stains with a soft cloth and a multi-purpose cleaning solution.
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
198
Maintenance and care
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with water and a mild soap.
Wipe the leather again with a damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry
with a soft cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford recommends using
the Deluxe Leather Care Kit F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from
your Ford Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the leather
and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the instructions on the cleaner
label. Regular cleaning of your leather upholstery helps maintain its
resiliency and color.
Do not use household cleaning products, alcohol solutions,
solvents or cleaners intended for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
199
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter element
Fuel filter
Battery-standard
Battery-heavy duty
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
4.6L SOHC V8 engine
FA-1668
FG-986B
BXT-65–650
BXT-65–750
FL-820-S
EV-98
AWSF-32P
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Engine oil (includes
filter change)
Brake fluid
Power steering fluid
Transmission fluid
Engine coolant
2
4
Fuel tank
Rear axle lubricant
Windshield washer
fluid
1
5
Ford Part Name
Capacity
Motorcraft SAE 5W-30
Super Premium Motor 4.7L (5.0 quarts)
Oil
1
Fill to line on reservoir
Motorcraft MERCONt
Fill to line on reservoir
ATF
Motorcraft
13.1L (13.9 quarts) 3
MERCONtV ATF
Premium Engine
15.0L (15.8 quarts)
Coolant
N/A
71.9L (19.0 gallons)
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90 Premium Rear 1.8L (3.75 pints)
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear Windshield
Fill to line on reservoir
Washer Concentrate
Use only brake fluids certified to meet Ford specifications. Refer to
Lubricant Specifications in this chapter. DOT 3 fluid is recommended.
However, if DOT 3 is not available, DOT 4 fluid can be used.
200
Capacities and specifications
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. MERCONt and
MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT MIX MERCONt and
MERCONt V. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine
the correct service interval.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range. Police Package refill
capacity-12.1L (12.8 quarts).
4
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
5
Rear axles are considered lubricated for life when the vehicle is used
for normal service. See your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for Severe
Duty requirements.
Traction-Lok axles use 1.6-1.8L (3.50-3.75 pints) of rear axle lubricant.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok rear axle.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Brake fluid
Door
weatherstrips
Engine coolant
Ford part
name
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid 1
Silicone
Lubricant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Ford part
number
C6AZ-19542-AB
Ford
specification
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
F7AZ-19G208-BA ESR-M13P4-A
and
F5AZ-19553-AA
E2FZ-19549-AA ESE-M97B44-A
(in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
201
Capacities and specifications
Item
Engine oil
Hinges, latches,
striker plates,
fuel filler door
hinge and seat
tracks
Lock cylinders
Power steering
fluid
Automatic
transmission
(4R70W)
Rear Axle
Lubricant 2
Windshield
washer fluid
1
Ford part
name
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Ford part
number
XO-5W30-QSP
Ford
specification
WSS-M2C153-G
with API
Certification
Mark
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESR-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Penetrating and
Lock Lubricant
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF3
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
E8AZ-19A501-B
none
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
Use only brake fluids certified to meet Ford specifications. DOT 3 fluid
is recommended. However, if DOT 3 is not available, DOT 4 fluid can be
used.
2
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118-A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok rear axles.
3
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
202
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression ratio
4.6L V8 engine
281
87 octane
1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-0.056 inch)
Coil on plug
10.0:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle dimensions
(1) Overall length
(2) Overall width
(3) Overall height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track - Front
(5) Track - Rear
mm (in)
5 382 (211.9)
1 987 (78.2)
1 443 (56.8)
2 913 (114.4)
1 611 (63.4)
1 659 (65.3)
3
5
2
203
Capacities and specifications
4
1
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification Label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification Label may be located.
The Certification Label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
204
Capacities and specifications
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
205
Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items)
• protection against repair costs after your Bumper to Bumper Warranty
expires
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln/
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your
dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln/Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options.
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company dealership authorized for
warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special training
though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty repairs.
That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the vehicle
may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership can not
assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
206
Customer assistance
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry quality
parts and accessories, providing you with equipment reliability.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
207
Customer assistance
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Assistance Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the
Mediation/Arbitration Program (Canada).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
208
Customer assistance
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. ONLY)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln
Mercury light trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written
new vehicle warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
209
Customer assistance
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
210
Customer assistance
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
211
Customer assistance
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces, except
Quebec. For more information, without charge or obligation, call your
CAMVAP Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
212
Customer assistance
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD CAR CARE PRODUCTS FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products have been
specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom
designed to complement the style and appearance of your vehicle. Each
product is made from high quality materials and that meet or exceed
Ford’s rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or products
of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
213
Customer assistance
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of Ford accessories are available for your vehicle
through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln Mercury or Ford of Canada
dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically engineered to
fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to complement
the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each
accessory is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds
Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are
warranted for up to 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) on all cars
and light trucks and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy
duty trucks unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the
warranty becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the
accessories warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete
warranty information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
214
Customer assistance
Comfort and convenience
Cargo nets
Engine block heaters
Travel equipment
Daytime running lights
Heavy-duty battery
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
215
Customer assistance
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
216
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
217
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ........................105
and child safety seats ............107
description ..............................105
disposal ....................................109
driver air bag ..........................107
indicator light ....................10,109
operation .................................107
passenger air bag ...................107
Air cleaner filter ................172,200
Air conditioning ..........................26
automatic temperature
control system ..........................28
Air suspension ...........................125
description ..............................125
warning light .............................12
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................160
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) .......................121,122
Audio system (see Radio) .........35
Automatic transmission
driving an automatic
overdrive .................................127
fluid, adding ............................167
fluid, checking ........................167
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
fluid, specification ..................203
Axle
lubricant specifications ...201,203
refill capacities ........................200
traction lok ..............................129
Battery .......................................170
acid, treating emergencies .....170
charging system
warning light .............................12
jumping a disabled battery ....147
maintenance-free ....................170
replacement, specifications ...200
servicing ..................................170
voltage gauge ............................19
Belt minder ...............................101
218
Brakes ........................................121
anti-lock ............................121,122
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning light ..........11,122
brake warning light ..................11
fluid, checking and adding ....159
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
fluid, specifications ..........201,203
lubricant specifications ...201,203
shift interlock ..........................126
Break-in period .............................3
Capacities for refilling fluids ....200
Cassette tape player ...................50
CD changer .................................59
Certification Label ....................204
Child safety restraints ..............110
child safety belts ....................110
Child safety seats ......................111
attaching with tether straps ..115
in front seat ............................112
in rear seat .......................112,115
Cleaning your vehicle ...............193
engine compartment ..............196
exterior ....................................195
exterior lamps .........................195
instrument panel ....................197
instrument panel lens ............198
interior ..............................198,199
mirrors .....................................195
plastic parts ............................195
safety belts ..............................198
washing ....................................194
waxing .....................................194
wheels ......................................195
windows ..................................198
wiper blades ............................196
woodtone trim ........................198
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ............26
Clock ............................................34
Compass, electronic ....................73
calibration .................................74
Index
set zone adjustment .................74
Controls
power seat ............................93,94
Coolant
checking and adding ..............160
coolant temperature light ........10
refill capacities .................163,200
specifications ...................201,203
Cruise control
(see Speed control) ....................65
Customer Assistance ................136
Ford accessories
for your vehicle ......................213
Ford Extended
Service Plan ............................206
Getting assistance outside
the U.S. and Canada ..............212
Getting roadside assistance ...136
Getting the
service you need ....................206
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ...................216
The Dispute
Settlement Board ...................209
Utilizing the Mediation/
Arbitration Program ...............212
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................24
Defrost
rear window ..............................25
Dipstick
automatic
transmission fluid ...................167
engine oil .................................156
Doors
lubricant specifications ..........201
Driving under special
conditions
through water .........................135
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................147
Emission control system ..........186
Engine ........................................203
check engine/
service engine soon light ...........9
cleaning ...................................196
coolant .....................................160
fail-safe coolant ......................164
idle speed control ...................170
lubrication
specifications ...................201,203
refill capacities ........................200
service points ..........................155
starting after a collision .........137
Engine block heater .................119
Engine oil ..................................156
change oil soon warning,
message center .......................156
checking and adding ..............156
dipstick ....................................156
filter, specifications .........158,200
recommendations ...................158
refill capacities ........................200
specifications ...................201,203
Exhaust fumes ..........................120
Fail safe cooling ........................164
Floor mats ...................................78
Fluid capacities .........................200
Fuel ............................................178
calculating fuel economy .......183
cap ...........................................180
capacity ...................................200
choosing the right fuel ...........181
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................186
detergent in fuel .....................182
filling your vehicle
with fuel ....................178,180,183
filter, specifications .........183,200
fuel pump shut-off switch .....137
gauge .........................................15
improving fuel economy ........183
low fuel warning light ................8
octane rating ....................182,203
219
Index
quality ......................................182
running out of fuel .................182
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................178
Fuses ...................................138,139
Garage door opener ....................69
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............180
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................183
Gauges .........................................15
battery voltage gauge ...............19
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................18
engine oil pressure gauge ........19
fuel gauge ..................................15
odometer ...................................17
speedometer .............................16
trip odometer ............................18
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....129
definition .................................129
driving with a heavy load ......129
location ....................................129
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) .............129
calculating ...............................129
definition .................................129
driving with a heavy load ......129
location ....................................129
Hazard flashers .........................137
Head restraints ...........................91
Headlamps ...................................24
aiming ......................................193
autolamp system .......................25
bulb specifications ..................192
daytime running lights .............24
flash to pass ..............................25
high beam ............................11,25
replacing bulbs .......................188
turning on and off ....................24
warning chime ..........................15
Heating ........................................26
220
heating and air conditioning
system .......................................26
HomeLink universal
transceiver (see Garage
door opener) ................69,70,71,72
Hood ..........................................154
Ignition .......................................203
positions of the ignition ...........64
Infant seats
(see Safety seats) .....................111
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ..............................187
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................197
cluster ...................................8,198
lighting up
panel and interior .....................24
location of components ..............8
Jump-starting your vehicle ......147
Keyless entry system .................86
autolock .....................................80
keypad .......................................86
programming entry code .........87
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............14
positions of the ignition ...........64
Lamps
autolamp system .......................25
bulb replacement
specifications chart ................192
cargo lamps ...............................24
daytime running light ...............24
headlamps .................................24
headlamps, flash to pass ..........25
instrument panel, dimming .....24
interior lamps ....................24,192
replacing bulbs .........188,190,192
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................63
Lights, warning and indicator ......8
air bag ........................................10
air suspension ...........................12
Index
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .....11,122
brake ..........................................11
charging system ........................12
check engine ...............................9
high beam .................................11
low coolant ................................10
low fuel ........................................8
oil pressure ...............................12
overdrive off ..............................13
safety belt .................................10
speed control ............................69
traction control active ..............13
turn signal indicator .................11
Load limits .................................129
GAWR ......................................129
GVWR ......................................129
trailer towing ..........................129
Locks
autolock .....................................80
childproof ..................................78
doors ..........................................77
Lubricant specifications ....201,203
Lug nuts, anti-theft ...................146
Lumbar support, seats ...............95
Message center ...........................20
reset button ..............................20
select button .............................21
Mirrors
automatic dimming
rearview mirror .........................73
cleaning ...................................195
side view mirrors (power) .......77
Motorcraft parts .................183,200
Octane rating ............................182
Odometer .....................................17
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................156
Overdrive ..............................65,128
Panic alarm feature,
remote entry system ..................82
Parking brake ............................122
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....200
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................141
Power door locks ...................77,80
Power steering ..........................125
fluid, checking and adding ....167
fluid, refill capacity ................200
fluid, specifications ..........201,203
Radio ............................................35
Relays .................................138,143
Remote entry system ............79,82
illuminated entry ......................82
locking/unlocking doors ...........79
opening the trunk .....................82
panic alarm ...............................82
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................84
replacing the batteries .............83
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ...........14,95,96,97,98,99
Safety defects, reporting ..........217
Safety restraints ......95,96,97,98,99
belt minder .............................101
cleaning the
safety belts .......................104,198
extension assembly ................100
for adults .........................96,97,98
for children ......................109,110
lap belt ......................................99
warning light
and chime ...............10,14,100,101
Safety seats for children ..........111
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............95
Seats ............................................91
child safety seats ....................111
cleaning ............................198,199
SecuriLock passive
anti-theft system ....................84,85
Servicing your vehicle ..............153
Spark plugs,
specifications ......................200,203
Special notice ................................3
221
Index
Specification chart,
lubricants ............................201,203
Speed control ..............................65
Speedometer ...............................16
Starting your vehicle .........117,119
jump starting ..........................147
Steering
speed sensitive .......................125
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................64
Tilt steering wheel ......................64
Tires ......................143,174,175,176
changing ...........................143,144
checking the pressure ............176
replacing ..................................177
rotating ....................................176
snow tires and chains ............178
tire grades ...............................175
treadwear ................................175
Towing ................................131,176
recreational towing .................134
trailer towing ..........................131
wrecker ....................................152
Traction control ........................123
off light ......................................13
Traction-lok rear axle ...............129
Transmission .............................126
222
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................167
fluid, refill capacities ..............200
lubricant specifications ...201,203
Trip odometer .............................18
Trunk ...........................................89
remote release .....................75,82
Turn signal .............................11,63
Vehicle dimensions ...................203
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................205
Vehicle loading ..........................129
Ventilating your vehicle ...........120
Warning chimes ......................14,15
Warning lights (see Lights) .........8
Washer fluid ..............................160
Water, Driving through .............135
Windows
power .........................................75
Windshield washer fluid and
wipers
checking and adding fluid .....160
checking and cleaning ............173
operation ...................................63
replacing wiper blades ...........173
Wrecker towing .........................152
223
Filling station information
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil capacity
(includes filter change)
Tire pressure and size
Hood release
Coolant capacity 1
Automatic transmission
fluid capacity 2
Power steering fluid
capacity
Unleaded fuel only - 87 octane
71.9L (19.0 gallons)
4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super Premium Motor Oil, Ford
specification WSS-M2C153-G.
Refer to the Tire Pressure Label located on
the rear passenger door jamb.
Pull handle under the left side of the
instrument panel.
15.0L (15.8 quarts)
13.1L (13.9 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONtV ATF. 3
Fill to line on reservoir. Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF.
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range. Police Package refill
capacity-12.1L (12.8 quarts).
224