Specifications | Ford 2000 Expedition Automobile User Manual

Table of contents
Introduction
2
Notice to 4X2 utility vehicle owners
3
4WD and AWD systems
3
4WD Or AWD operation on the road
6
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
9
Trailer towing
14
Tires, replacement requirements
15
Maintenance and modifications
17
Hauling cargo and vehicle handling
18
Index
20
1
Introduction
INTRODUCTION
Welcome to Ford Motor Company’s
world of four-wheel driving! Your
new 4WD or AWD vehicle opens
up a completely different and
challenging world of travel unlike
what you have ever experienced
with a conventional two-wheel
drive vehicle. Now, you’ll be able to
travel places where roads don’t.
You’ll be able to travel when
weather conditions have made
roads impassible for two-wheel
drive vehicles. Most importantly,
you’ll be able to travel with the
safety, comfort and dependability
of a Ford-built vehicle.
The steering and handling
characteristics of vehicles may vary
and you must learn and
understand the capabilities and
limitations of your 4WD or AWD
through experience. Take it slow
and easy until you get to know and
understand your vehicle and have
confidence in your ability to drive
it.
Your 4WD or AWD vehicle,
particularly when loaded, may
handle differently than an ordinary
passenger car. This is because your
vehicle has special design and
equipment feature for off-road
operation.
Familiarize yourself with this
vehicle’s operating characteristics.
Study the “Owner’s Guide” and this
supplement for specific information
and instructions for safe driving
under various conditions.
2
Notice to 4x2 utility vehicle owners
All occupants should always wear
the safety belts provided and
children/infants should use
appropriate restraints to minimize
the risk of injury or ejection.
Driving at speeds safe for road
conditions and the use of safety
belts are the best means of
avoiding the possibility of accident
and serious injury.
Ford Motor Company reserves
the right at any time to change
information provided herein,
including specifications, design
or testing procedures without
incurring obligation.
NOTICE TO 4X2 UTILITY
VEHICLE OWNERS
Although this supplement is
primarily directed to 4WD or AWD
vehicle operators, these principles
of safe driving also apply to
operators of two-wheel drive utility
vehicles. Even though you did not
select a 4WD or AWD option for
your vehicle, many of its operating
characteristics are similar to those
of 4WD or AWD vehicles. For this
reason, Ford urges you to read and
understand the contents of this
supplement.
4WD AND AWD SYSTEMS
Your AWD or 4WD (when you
select the 4WD mode), uses all
four wheels to power itself. This
increases traction, enabling you to
3
4WD and AWD systems
drive over terrain and road
conditions that a conventional
two-wheel drive vehicle can’t.
Power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. On
4WD vehicles the transfer case
allows you to select 4WD when
necessary. Information on transfer
case operation, shifting procedures
and maintenance can be found in
your “Owner’s Guide.” You should
become thoroughly familiar with
this information before you operate
your vehicle.
Normal characteristics
• On some 4WD models, the initial
shift from two-wheel drive to
4x4 while the vehicle is moving
can cause some momentary
clunk and ratcheting sounds.
This is the front drivetrain
coming up to speed and the
automatic locking hubs engaging
and is not cause for concern.
• On some 4WD models, if the
vehicle is stopped while in 4WD
and the vehicle direction is
reversed from the previous
direction, the automatic locking
hubs will momentarily disengage
and re-engage. The automatic
locking hubs may click as they
automatically engage in the new
direction.
4
4WD and AWD systems
How your vehicle differs from
other vehicles
4WD and AWD vehicles can differ
from some other vehicles in a few
noticeable ways. Your 4WD or
AWD may be:
• Higher — to allow it to travel
over rough terrain without
getting hung up or damaging
underbody components, and to
accommodate 4WD components.
• Shorter — to give it the
capability to approach inclines
and drive over the crest of a hill
without getting hung up or
damaging underbody
components. A shorter
wheelbase may make your
vehicle quicker to respond to
steering inputs than a vehicle
with a longer wheelbase.
• Narrower — to provide greater
maneuverability in tight spaces,
particularly in off-road use.
These differences that make your
4WD or AWD so versatile also
make it handle differently than an
ordinary passenger car.
5
4WD or AWD operation on the road
4WD OR AWD OPERATION ON
THE ROAD
Basic operating principles
• Do not use 4WD on dry, hard
surfaced roads (except models
equipped with Auto 4WD or
AWD). This may damage the
drivelines and axles.
• Drive slower in strong
crosswinds which can affect the
normal steering characteristics
of your vehicle.
• Be extremely careful when
driving on pavement made
slippery by loose sand, water,
gravel, snow or ice.
If your vehicle goes off the
edge of the pavement
• If your vehicle goes off the edge
of the pavement, slow down, but
avoid severe brake application,
Ease the vehicle back onto the
pavement only after reducing
your speed. Do not turn the
steering wheel too sharply while
returning to the road surface.
• It may be safer to stay on the
apron or shoulder of the road
and slow down gradually before
returning to the pavement. You
may loose control if you do not
slow down or if you turn the
steering wheel too sharply or
abruptly.
• It often may be less risky to
strike small inanimate objects,
such as highway reflectors, with
minor damage to your vehicle
6
4WD or AWD operation on the road
rather than attempt a sudden
return to the pavement which
could cause the vehicle to slide
sideways out of control or
rollover. Remember, your safety
and the safety of others should
be your primary concern.
Emergency maneuvers
• In an unavoidable emergency
situation where a sudden sharp
turn must be made, remember
to avoid “over-driving” your
vehicle, i.e., turn the steering
wheel only as rapidly and as far
as required to avoid the
emergency. Excessive steering
will result in less vehicle control,
not more. Additionally, smooth
variations of the accelerator
and/or brake pedal pressure
should be utilized if changes in
vehicle speed are called for.
Avoid abrupt steering,
acceleration or braking. Use all
available road surface to return
the vehicle to a safe direction of
travel.
• In the event of an emergency
stop, avoid skidding the tires
and do not attempt any sharp
steering wheel movements.
• If the vehicle goes from one
type of surface to another (i.e.,
from concrete to gravel) there
will be a change in the way the
vehicle responds to a maneuver
(steering, acceleration or
barking). Again, avoid these
abrupt inputs.
7
4WD or AWD operation on the road
Snow and ice
Your 4WD or AWD vehicle will
have advantages over two-wheel
drive vehicles in snow and on ice
by providing increased driving
traction. However, if you suddenly
change speed or direction you may
lose control. 4WD and AWD
vehicles can slide on slippery roads
just like any other vehicle. Should
you start to slide while driving on
snowy or icy roads, turn the
steering wheel in the direction of
the slide until you regain control.
Avoid sudden braking as well.
Although a 4WD or AWD vehicle
may accelerate better than a
two-wheel drive vehicle in snow
and ice, it won’t stop any faster,
because as in other vehicles,
braking occurs at all four wheels.
Do not become overconfident as to
road conditions.
Make sure you allow sufficient
distance between you and other
vehicles for stopping. In
emergency stopping situations,
avoid locking of the wheels. Use a
“squeeze” technique, push on the
brake pedal with a steadily
increasing force which allows the
wheels to brake yet continue to
roll so that you may steer in the
direction you want to travel. If you
lock the wheels, release the brake
pedal and repeat the squeeze
technique. If your vehicle has
anti-lock brakes, apply the brake
steadily. Do not “pump” the
brakes. See your “Owner’s Guide”
for additional information on the
8
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
operation of the anti-lock brake
system.
Parking
Before leaving the driver’s seat,
you should make sure that the
gearshift is engaged in P (Park)
with an automatic transmission or
either 1 (First) or R (Reverse)
with a manual transmission. Set
the parking brake fully, shut off
the ignition and remove the key.
On some 4WD vehicles, when the
transfer case is in the N (Neutral)
position, the engine and
transmission are disconnected
from the rest of the driveline.
Therefore, the vehicle is free to
roll even if the automatic
transmission is in P (Park) or the
manual transmission is in gear. Do
not leave the vehicle unattended
with the transfer case in N
(Neutral) position. Always set the
parking brake fully and turn off the
ignition when leaving the vehicle.
DRIVING OFF-ROAD WITH 4WD
OR AWD
When using 4WD or AWD,
maintain steering wheel control at
all times, especially in rough
terrain. Since sudden changes in
terrain can result in abrupt
steering wheel motion, make sure
you grip the steering wheel from
the outside. Do not grip the
spokes.
9
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle
damage from concealed objects
such as rocks and stumps. You
should either know the terrain or
examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before
driving in the area. To maintain
steering and braking control of
your vehicle, you must have all
four wheels on the ground and
they must be rolling, not sliding or
spinning.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to
keep all four wheels on the most
solid area of the trail. Avoid
reducing the tire pressure. Instead,
shift to a lower gear and drive
steadily through the terrain. Apply
the accelerator slowly and avoid
spinning the wheels.
If you must reduce the tire
pressure for whatever reason in
sand, make sure you re-inflate the
tires as soon as possible.
Avoid excessive speed because
vehicle momentum can work
against you and cause the vehicle
to become stuck to the point that
assistance may be required from
another vehicle. Remember, you
may be able to back out the way
you came if you proceed with
caution.
Mud
Be cautious of sudden changes in
vehicle speed or direction when
you are driving in mud. Even 4WD
10
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
and AWD vehicles can lose traction
in slick mud. As when you are
driving over sand, apply the
accelerator slowly and avoid
spinning your wheels. If the vehicle
does slide, steer in the direction of
the slide until you regain control of
the vehicle.
After driving through mud, clean
off residue stuck to rotating
driveshafts and tires. Excess mud
stuck on tires and rotating
driveshafts causes an imbalance
that could damage vehicle
components.
“Tread Lightly” is an educational
program designed to increase
public awareness of land-use
regulations and responsibilities in
our nations wilderness areas. Ford
joins the U.S. Forest Service and
the Bureau of Land Management in
encouraging you to help preserve
our national forest and other
public and private lands by
“treading lightly.”
11
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
Water
Before driving through water,
determine the depth. Avoid water
higher than the bottom of the
wheel hubs. Proceed slowly to
avoid splashing, if the ignition
system gets wet, the vehicle may
stall.
Once through water, always try the
brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes.
You can dry the brakes faster by
driving the vehicle slowly while
applying light pressure on the
brake pedal.
Deep snow
4WD and AWD vehicles are unique
in that they can be driven in deep
snow that would stop a
conventional two-wheel drive
vehicle. Shift to a low gear and
maintain steady pressure on the
accelerator. This will help prevent
spinning the wheels while
maintaining sufficient momentum
to keep from bogging down. Using
tire chains will also help.
Never drive with chains on the
front tires of 4WD or AWD vehicles
without also putting them on the
rear tires. This could cause the
rear to slide and swing around
during braking.
Driving on hills
Although natural obstacles may
make it necessary to travel
12
Driving off-road with 4WD or AWD
diagonally up or down a hill or
steep incline, you should always
try to drive straight up or straight
down. Avoid driving crosswise
or turning on steep slopes or
hills. A danger lies in losing
traction, slipping sideways and
possibly rolling over. Whenever
driving on a hill, determine
beforehand the route you will use.
Do not drive over the crest of a hill
without seeing what conditions are
on the other side. Do not drive in
reverse over a hill without the aid
of an observer.
When climbing a steep slope or
hill, start in a lower gear rather
than downshifting to a lower gear
from a higher gear once the ascent
has started. This reduces strain on
the engine and the possibility of
stalling.
If you do stall out, Do not try to
turnaround because you might roll
over. It is better to back down to a
safe location.
Apply just enough power to the
wheels to climb the hill. Too much
power will cause the tires to slip,
spin or lose traction, resulting in
loss of vehicle control.
13
Trailer Towing
Descend a hill in the same gear
you would use to climb up the hill
to avoid excessive brake
application and brake overheating.
Do not descend in neutral,
disengage overdrive or manually
shift to a lower gear. When
descending a steep hill, avoid
sudden hard braking as you could
lose control. When you brake hard,
the front wheels can’t turn and if
they aren’t turning, you won’t be
able to steer. The front wheels
have to be turning in order to
steer the vehicle. Rapid pumping
of the brake pedal will help you
slow the vehicle and still maintain
steering control.
If your vehicle has anti-lock
brakes, apply the brakes steadily.
Do not “pump” the brakes.
TRAILER TOWING
Your 4WD or AWD vehicle may be
equipped for towing trailers (or
may require a trailer tow package),
provided that the combined total
weight of the vehicle and trailer is
less than or equal to the
recommended Gross Combination
Weight Rating (GCWR). Refer to
“Ford Recreation Vehicle and
Trailer Towing Guide,” the
“Owner’s Guide” or see an
authorized Ford or
Lincoln/Mercury Dealer for
additional information.
14
Tires, replacement requirements
TIRES, REPLACEMENT
REQUIREMENTS
Your 4WD or AWD vehicle is
equipped with tires designed to
provide for safe ride and handling
capability.
Do not use a size and type of tire
and wheel other than that
originally provided by Ford
because it can affect the safety
and performance of your vehicle,
which could lead to loss of vehicle
control or rollover and serious
injury. Make sure all tires and
wheels on the vehicle are of the
same size, type, tread design,
brand and load-carrying capacity. If
you have questions regarding tire
replacement, see an authorized
Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealer.
If you nevertheless decide to equip
your 4WD or AWD for off-road use
with tires larger than what Ford
recommends, you should not use
these tires for highway driving.
If you use any tire/wheel
combination not recommended by
Ford, it may adversely affect
vehicle handling and could cause
steering, suspension, axle or
transfer case failure.
Do not use”aftermarket lift kits” or
other suspension modifications,
whether or not they are used with
larger tires and wheels.
These “aftermarket lift kits” could
adversely affect the vehicle’s
handling characteristics, which
could lead to loss of vehicle
15
Tires, replacement requirements
control or rollover and serious
injury.
Tires can be damaged during
off-road use. For your safety, tires
that are damaged should not be
used for highway driving because
they are more likely to blow out or
fail.
You should carefully observe the
recommended tire inflation
pressure found on the safety
compliance certification label
attached to the left front door lock
facing or door latch post pillar.
Failure to follow tire pressure
recommendations can adversely
affect the way your vehicle
handles. Do not exceed the Ford
recommended pressure even if it is
less than the maximum pressure
allowed for the tire.
Each day before you drive, check
your tires. If one looks lower than
the others, use a tire gauge to
check pressure of all tires, and
adjust if required. Check tire
pressure with a tire gauge every
few weeks (including spare). Safe
operation requires tires that are
neither underinflated nor
overloaded.
Periodically inspect the tire treads
and remove stones, nails, glass or
other objects that may be wedged
in the tread grooves. Check for
holes or cuts that may permit air
leakage from the tire and make
necessary repairs.
16
Maintenance and modifications
Inspect the tire side walls for cuts,
bruises and other damage. If
internal damage to the tire is
suspected, have the tire
demounted and inspected in case
it needs to be repaired or replaced.
MAINTENANCE AND
MODIFICATIONS
The suspension and steering
systems on your vehicle have been
designed and tested to provide
both reasonably safe, predictable
performance whether loaded or
empty and durable load carrying
capability. For this reason, Ford
strongly recommends that you do
not make modifications such as
adding or removing parts (such as
lift kits or stabilizer bars) or by
using replacement parts not
equivalent to the original factory
equipment.
Any modifications to a vehicle that
raise the center of gravity can
make it more likely the vehicle will
roll over as a result of a loss of
control. Ford recommends that
caution be used with any vehicle
equipped with a high load or
device (such as ladder racks or
pickup box cover).
Failure to maintain your vehicle
properly may void the warranty,
increase your repair cost, reduce
vehicle performance and
operational capabilities and
adversely affect driver and
passenger safety. Frequent
inspection of vehicle chassis
17
Hauling cargo and vehicle handling
components is recommended if the
vehicle is subjected to heavy
off-road usage. Refer to the
“Owner’s Guide” and “Service
Guide” for proper maintenance
instructions and schedules.
HAULING CARGO AND
VEHICLE HANDLING
When using your vehicle to haul
cargo, make sure it is properly
loaded to help ensure safe
handling. Cargo should be evenly
distributed over the floor of the
cargo area, with the heaviest cargo
on the bottom and ahead of the
rear axle.
If you must haul cargo on the roof
of the vehicle, use extra caution
when driving. Cargo placed on the
roof will tend to make your vehicle
top heavy, causing it to lean more
on corners and creating a greater
possibility of vehicle roll over
should you lose control of the
vehicle.
18
Hauling cargo and vehicle handling
Loading the vehicle improperly can
deteriorate handling capability and
contribute to loss of vehicle
control.
Once you have reached the weight
capacity of the vehicle, do not add
more cargo, even if there is space
available. Make sure you consult
the safety compliance certification
label attached to your vehicle and
the “Owner’s Guide” for
information on maximum safe
vehicle weight limits.
19
Index
All-Wheel Drive System, The .......3
AWD Vehicle Operation ................6
Cargo, Hauling and Vehicle
Handling ......................................18
Differences in Four-Wheel
Drive ..............................................5
Driving Off-Road with 4WD .........9
Driving Off-Road with AWD .........9
Emergency Maneuvers .................7
Four-by-Four Operation ...............6
Four-Wheel Drive System, The ...3
Hauling Cargo and Vehicle
Handling ......................................18
Hills, Driving on ..........................12
If Your Vehicle Goes Off the
Edge of the Pavement ..................6
Introduction ..................................2
20
Lift Kits ........................................15
Maintenance and Modifications .17
Mud, Driving in ...........................10
Off-Road Driving ...........................9
Operating Your AWD Vehicle
on the Road ...................................6
Operating Your Four-by-Four
on the Road ...................................6
Parking ...........................................9
Sand, Driving in ..........................10
Snow, Deep, Driving in ...............12
Snow/Ice, Driving in .....................8
Tires, Replacement
Requirements ..............................15
Trailer Towing .............................14
Water, Driving in .........................12
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