Ford 2000 Ranger Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
6
Controls and features
18
Seating and safety restraints
70
Starting and driving
Starting
100
Driving
106
Roadside emergencies
137
Servicing
Maintenance and care
158
Capacities and specifications
209
Customer assistance
218
Reporting safety defects
230
Index
231
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photocopying, recording or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation
in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 1999 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
The following warning may be required by California law:
CALIFORNIA Proposition 65 Warning
Engine exhaust, some if its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert. Read the
following section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle information related
to recycling and other
environmental concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the
authorized disposal of waste
cleaning and lubrication materials are significant steps towards
protecting the environment.
Indicates a message regarding child
safety restraints. Refer to Seating
and safety restraints for more
information.
Indicates that this Owner Guide
contains information on this subject.
Please refer to the Index to locate
the appropriate section which will
provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the risk of personal injury
and prevent possible damage to others, your vehicle and its equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your vehicle. During the
first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of driving, vary speeds frequently. This is
necessary to give the moving parts a chance to break in.
2
Introduction
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at the time of printing.
Ford may change the contents without notice and without incurring
obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of pickup trucks and utility type vehicles
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
Before you drive your vehicle, please read this Owner’s Guide carefully.
Your vehicle is not a passenger car. As with other vehicles of this type,
failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or an
accident.
Be sure to read Driving off road in the Driving chapter as well as the
“Four Wheeling” supplement included with 4WD and utility type vehicles.
Using your vehicle as a snowplow
Do not use this vehicle for snowplowing.
Using your vehicle as an ambulance
Do not use this vehicle as an ambulance.
Your vehicle is not equipped with the Ford Ambulance Preparation
Package.
Electric vehicles
For information on operating your Electric Vehicle, also refer to the
Electric Vehicle Owner’s Guide Supplement.
3
Introduction
These are some of the symbols you may see on your vehicle.
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Safety Alert
See Owner’s Guide
Fasten Safety Belt
Air Bag-Front
Air Bag-Side
Child Seat
Child Seat Installation
Warning
Child Seat Tether
Anchorage
Brake System
Anti-Lock Brake System
Brake Fluid Non-Petroleum Based
Traction Control
Master Lighting Switch
Hazard Warning Flasher
Fog Lamps-Front
Fuse Compartment
Fuel Pump Reset
Windshield Wash/Wipe
Windshield
Defrost/Demist
Rear Window
Defrost/Demist
Power Windows
Front/Rear
Power Window Lockout
4
Introduction
Vehicle Symbol Glossary
Child Safety Door
Lock/Unlock
Interior Luggage
Compartment Release
Symbol
Panic Alarm
Engine Oil
Engine Coolant
Engine Coolant
Temperature
Do Not Open When Hot
Battery
Avoid Smoking, Flames,
or Sparks
Battery Acid
Explosive Gas
Fan Warning
Power Steering Fluid
Maintain Correct Fluid
Level
Emission System
Engine Air Filter
Passenger Compartment
Air Filter
Jack
MAX
MIN
5
Instrumentation
Instrument panel
dimmer switch
(pg. 19)
Instrument cluster
(pg. 8)
Headlamp control
(pg. 18)
60 70
50
F
30
H
10
L
<FUEL DOOR
ABS
80
100
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
140
000000
40
160
MPH
P
R
H
100
180
20
DOOR
AJAR
H
110
km/h 120
N D 2 1
L
!
BRAKE
THEFT
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
OFF
DIM
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
Turn signal and
wiper/washer control
(pg. 61)
Speed control*
(pg. 55)
Parking brake release
(pg. 108)
6
COAST
Driver air bag
(pg. 84)
Instrumentation
Electronic sound system
(pg. 26)
4wd control*
(pg. 119)
2WD
4X4
HIGH
Auxiliary power point
(pg. 25)
VOL
PUSH
ON
4X4
LOW
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
3
4
AM/FM
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Fog lamp control *
(pg. 18)
Hood release
(pg. 159)
Passenger air bag
deactivate switch
(pg. 88)
Climate control system
(pg. 19)
* if equipped
7
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Standard instrument cluster
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
100
30
10
000000
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
!
ABS
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
<FUEL DOOR
140
40
DOOR
AJAR
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
L
SPEED
CONT
THEFT
BRAKE
O/D
OFF
Optional instrument cluster
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
10
0
!
BRAKE
P
40
90
120
60
2
C
50
40
RPMx1000
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
THEFT
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
O/D
OFF
Check engine
Your vehicle is equipped with a
computer that monitors the engine’s
CHECK
emission control system. This
ENGINE
system is commonly known as the
On Board Diagnostics System (OBD
II). This OBD II system protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission standards. The OBD II
system also assists the service technician in properly servicing your
vehicle.
8
Instrumentation
The Check Engine indicator light illuminates when the ignition is first
turned to the ON position to check the bulb. If it comes on after the
engine is started, one of the engine’s emission control systems may be
malfunctioning. The light may illuminate without a driveability concern
being noted. The vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the check engine light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Check Engine light to
illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may misfire or run
poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed and securely
tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by filling the fuel tank
with high quality fuel of the recommended octane and/or properly
installing and securely tightening the gas cap. After three driving cycles
without these or any other temporary malfunctions present, the Check
Engine light should turn off. (A driving cycle consists of a cold engine
startup followed by mixed city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle
service is required.
If the Check Engine light remains on, have your vehicle serviced at the
first available opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your catalytic converter.
You should drive in a moderate fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and
deceleration) and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive exhaust temperatures
could damage the catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior
floor coverings or other vehicle components, possibly causing a fire.
9
Instrumentation
Fuel reset (if equipped)
Illuminates when the ignition key is
turned to the ON position and the
fuel pump shut-off switch has been
triggered. For more information,
refer to Fuel pump shut-off switch
in the Roadside emergencies chapter.
FUEL
RESET
Air bag readiness
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON. If the light
fails to illuminate, continues to flash
or remains on, have the system
serviced immediately.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON position
to remind you to fasten your safety
belts. For more information, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
!
position. Also illuminates if the
BRAKE
parking brake is engaged. If the
brake warning lamp does not
illuminate at these times, seek service immediately. Illumination after
releasing the parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the brake
system should be inspected immediately.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the ON
ABS
position. If the light remains on,
continues to flash or fails to
illuminate, have the system serviced
immediately. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock brake system is
disabled and normal braking is still effective unless the brake warning
light also remains illuminated with the parking brake released.
10
Instrumentation
Turn signal
Illuminates when the left or right
turn signal or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or both of the
indicators stay on continuously or
flash faster, check for a burned-out turn signal bulb. Refer to Exterior
bulbs in the Maintenance and care chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the high beam
headlamps are turned on.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
Charging system
Illuminates when the ignition is
turned to the ON position and the
engine is off. The light also
illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring electrical system service.
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the Transmission
O/D
Control Switch (TCS), refer to
OFF
Overdrive control in the Controls
and Features chapter, has been
pushed turning the transmission overdrive function OFF. When the light
is on, the transmission does not operate in the overdrive mode, refer to
the Driving chapter for transmission function and operation.
The light may also flash steadily if a transmission malfunction is
detected. If the light does not come on when the Transmission Control
Switch is depressed or if the light flashes steadily, have your vehicle
serviced as soon as possible, damage to the transmission could occur.
11
Instrumentation
Check gage (if equipped)
Illuminates when the engine coolant
CHECK
temperature is high, the engine oil
GAGE
pressure is low or the fuel gauge is
at or near empty. The ignition must
be in the ON position for this lamp to illuminate. The lamp will also
illuminate when the ignition is turned to the ON position. Refer to
Engine coolant temperature gauge, Engine oil pressure gauge or
Fuel gauge in this chapter for more information.
Four wheel drive low (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
4WD
ignition is turned to the START
LOW
position. Illuminates when
four-wheel drive low is engaged. If
the light continues to flash have the system serviced.
Four wheel drive high (if equipped)
Momentarily illuminates when the
ignition is turned to the START
position. Illuminates when fourwheel drive high is engaged. If the
light continues to flash have the system serviced.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the ignition is in
the ON or START position and any
door is open.
4WD
HIGH
DOOR
AJAR
Speed control
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET/ACCEL or RESUME controls
are pressed. It turns off when the
CONT
speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF
position.
12
Instrumentation
Safety belt warning chime
Sounds to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to the Seating and
safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the OFF/LOCK or ACC
position and the driver’s door is opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are on, the ignition is off
(and the key is not in the ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
13
Instrumentation
GAUGES
Standard instrument cluster gauges
60 70
50
100
80
30
H
20
10
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
L
!
ABS
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
<FUEL DOOR
140
000000
40
DOOR
AJAR
90
120
60
F
E
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
SPEED
CONT
THEFT
BRAKE
O/D
OFF
Optional instrument cluster gauges
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
CHECK
ENGINE
5
6
30
20
1
FUEL
RESET
F
E
ABS
40
10
0
!
P
80
0 0 0
40
100
90
120
140
000000
20
MPH
R N D 2 1
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
H
SPEED
CONT
L
4WD
HIGH
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
O/D
OFF
BRAKE
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately how much
fuel is in the fuel tank (when the
key is in the ON position). The fuel
gauge may vary slightly when the
vehicle is in motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF position while
the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty,
there is a small amount of reserve
fuel in the tank. When refueling the
14
60 70
80
60
2
C
50
RPMx1000
F
E
Instrumentation
vehicle from empty indication, the amount of fuel that can be added will
be less than the advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
The FUEL DOOR icon and arrow indicates which side of the vehicle the
fuel filler door is located.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. At normal operating
temperature, the needle remains
within the normal area (the area
between the “H” and “C”). If it
enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as
soon as safely possible, switch off
the engine immediately and let the
engine cool. Refer to Engine
coolant in the Maintenance and
care chapter.
H
C
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap while the engine is
running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine coolant, not the
coolant level. If the coolant is not at its proper level the gauge indication
will not be accurate.
Tachometer (if equipped)
Indicates the engine speed in
revolutions per minute.
Driving with your tachometer
pointer continuously at the top of
the scale may damage the engine.
4
3
5
6
RPMx1000
2
1
0
15
Instrumentation
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
80
100
90
120
60
30
20
140
000000
40
km/h 120
MPH
Odometer
Registers the total kilometers
(miles) of the vehicle.
60 70
50
40
80
0 0 0
100
80
90
120
60
30
20
Trip odometer
Registers the kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To reset,
depress the control.
140
000000
40
40
80
0 0 0
100
10
16
20
MPH
90
120
60
20
110
km/h 120
60 70
80
40
100
180
MPH
50
30
160
20
10
110
180
20
10
100
160
140
000000
160
100
180
110
km/h 120
Instrumentation
Engine oil pressure gauge
This shows the engine oil pressure
in the system. Sufficient pressure
exists as long as the needle remains
in the normal range (the area
between the “L” and “H”).
H
If the gauge indicates low pressure,
stop the vehicle as soon as safely
L
possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level.
Add oil if needed (refer to Engine
oil in the Maintenance and care
chapter). If the oil level is correct, have your vehicle checked at your
dealership or by a qualified technician.
Battery voltage gauge
This shows the battery voltage when
the ignition is in the ON position. If
the pointer moves and stays outside
the normal operating range (as
indicated), have the vehicle’s
electrical system checked as soon as
possible.
H
L
17
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp control to the
first position to turn on the parking
lamps. Rotate to the second position
to also turn on the headlamps.
OFF
Foglamp control (if equipped)
Turn on the low-beam headlamps
and press the foglamp control to
activate the foglamps. The foglamp
control will illuminate when the
foglamps are on.
Press the foglamp control a second time to deactivate the foglamps.
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your headlamps at dusk or during
inclement weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL) System
does not activate your tail lamps and generally may not provide
adequate lighting during these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to activate.
Pull toward you to deactivate.
18
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to activate and
release to deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the brightness of the
instrument panel during headlamp
and parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past
detent) to turn on interior lamps.
DIM
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Heater only system (if equipped)
OFF
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
19
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle. On
heater-only systems, the air cannot
be cooled below the outside
temperature.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
•
•
•
•
•
•
OFF
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating. Distributes outside air
through the floor ducts.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the floor
ducts and the windshield defroster ducts.
(Defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To reduce humidity buildup inside the vehicle, don’t drive with the
climate control system in the OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats (if equipped).
20
Controls and features
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Manual heating and air conditioning system (if equipped)
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated
in the vehicle.
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the
airflow inside the vehicle.
21
Controls and features
Mode selector control
Controls the direction of the airflow
to the inside of the vehicle.
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all modes except
and
. However, the air conditioning will only function if the outside
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable moisture from the air
during operation, it is normal if clear water drips on the ground under
the air conditioner drain while the system is working and even after you
have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate control system should be
left in any position other than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is
parked. This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the outside air inlet
duct. In snowy or dirty conditions, leave the mode selector in the OFF
position.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle. MAX A/C is noisier
than A/C but more economical and will cool the inside of the vehicle
faster. Airflow will be from the instrument panel registers. This mode
can also be used to prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter than MAX A/C
but not as economical. Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
(Panel)-Distributes outside air through the instrument panel
•
registers. However, the air will not be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in this
mode.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not operate. For short
periods of time only, use this mode to prevent undesirable odors from
entering the vehicle.
•
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full hot
and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be
slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument panel registers.
22
Controls and features
•
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by distributing outside air
through the floor ducts. However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts and the floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added customer comfort,
when the temperature control knob is anywhere in between the full hot
and full cold positions, the air distributed through the floor ducts will be
slightly warmer than the air sent to the windshield defrost ducts. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner will
automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
•
(Defrost)-Distributes outside air through the windshield
defroster ducts. It can be used to clear ice or fog from the windshield.
If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This will reduce fogging
on your windshield. After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle, do not drive with the
climate control system in the OFF or MAX A/C position.
• Do not put objects under the front seat that will interfere with the
airflow to the rear seats (if equipped).
• Remove any snow, ice or leaves
from the air intake area (at the
bottom of the windshield under
the hood).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows closed during hot
weather, the air conditioner will do a much faster job of cooling if you
drive for two or three minutes with the windows open. This will force
most of the hot, stale air out of the vehicle. Then operate your air
conditioner as you would normally.
23
Controls and features
• Do not place objects over the defroster outlets. These objects can
block airflow and reduce your ability to see through your windshield.
Also, avoid placing small objects on top of your instrument panel.
These objects can fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control system.
Do not place objects on top of the instrument panel, as these
objects may become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
4WD CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
This control operates the 4WD.
Refer to the Driving chapter for
more information.
24
2WD
4X4
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Controls and features
AUXILIARY POWER POINT
SEEK
12V
TUNE
1
2
3
4
AM-FM
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
The auxiliary power point is located on the instrument panel. This outlet
should be used in place of the cigarette lighter for optional electrical
accessories.
PASSENGER AIR BAG ON/OFF SWITCH
This switch must be used to
deactivate the passenger air bag
whenever a child seat is used in the
right front or center front passenger
seat position. Refer to Passenger
air bag ON/OFF switch in the
Seating and safety restraints
chapter.
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
25
Controls and features
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
TONE VOL
ST
SEEK
DX
FM
12
TUNE
CLK
1
2
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
3
4
AM/FM
VOL
PUSH
ON
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL
PUSH
ON
26
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio mode.
AM/FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
27
Controls and features
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with four station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to four preset AM stations and eight
FM stations (four in FM1 and four in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the TONE control once, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
Press the TONE control twice, then
use the volume knob to adjust the
desired level.
28
3
4
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the TONE control three times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
Speaker fade adjust (if equipped)
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the TONE control four times,
then use the volume knob to adjust
the desired level.
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
VOL
PUSH
ON
TONE
CLK
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control until CLOCK SET
appears in the display and press the
SEEK control:
•
•
TONE
CLK
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
29
Controls and features
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control until CLOCK SET
appears in the display and press the
TUNE control:
TONE
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
SEEK
SEEK
to increase minutes.
•
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to
switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for ten
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station,
etc.), the media information will again display for ten seconds before
reverting back to the clock. In media mode, the media information will
always be displayed.
AM/FM stereo cassette
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM1
BASS
CLK
ST
TREB
BAL
FADE
FM
SEEK
SCAN
SIDE
REW
EJ
TUNE
1
30
2
3
4
5
6
TAPE
AMS
1-2
FF
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and tape modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
AM control to select from AM selections, and press the FM control to
select from FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
31
Controls and features
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
SEEK
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
TUNE
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
• Press
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
to find the next
• Press
listenable station up the
frequency band.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio
mode.
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
32
Controls and features
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency band with the AM or the FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
33
Controls and features
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
Tape select
• To enter tape mode while in radio
mode, press the TAPE AMS
control.
CLK
TAPE
AMS
Automatic Music Search
The Automatic Music Search feature
allows you to quickly locate the
beginning of the tape selection
CLK
being played or to skip to the next
selection.
TAPE
To activate the feature, momentarily
AMS
depress the TAPE AMS button.
Then, press either REW (for the
beginning of the current selection) or FF (to advance to the next
34
Controls and features
selection). The tape deck stops and returns to play mode when the AMS
circuit senses a blank section on the tape.
In order to ensure proper operation of the AMS feature, the tape MUST
have a blank section of at least four seconds duration between programs.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
mode.
To rewind in tape mode, press the
REW control.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
tape mode.
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE and 1–2 at the same
time to play the alternate side of a
tape.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
tape.
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
SIDE
REW
1-2
FF
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates
only in tape mode. Dolbyt noise
4
reduction reduces the amount of
hiss and static during tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise
Press the
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D symbol
are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation.
35
Controls and features
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
•
•
CLK
TAPE
AMS
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
CLK
TAPE
AMS
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
The CLK control will allow you to switch between media display mode
(radio station, stereo information, etc.) and clock display mode (time).
36
Controls and features
When in clock mode, the media information will display for 10 seconds,
when the radio is turned on, and then revert to clock information.
Anytime that the media is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media
information will again display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the
clock. In media mode, the media information will always be displayed.
AM/FM Stereo / Single CD Radio
VOL - PUSH ON
AM
FM
SCN
ST
FM1
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
CD
CLK
DISC
SEEK
EJ
TUNE
COMP
DISCS
CD
1
CD
2
SHUFFLE
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
4
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
37
Controls and features
Turn the control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio and CD modes.
AM
FM
CD
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio and CD changer mode (if equipped).
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
38
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Controls and features
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the band (whether or not
a listenable station is located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD changer (if equipped)
• Press
to select the previous
SEEK
disc in the CD changer. (Play will
begin on the first track of the
TUNE
disc unless the CD changer is in
DISCS
shuffle mode. Refer to Shuffle
feature for more information. Hold the control to continue reversing
through the disc.
to select the next disc in the CD changer. Hold the control
• Press
to fast-forward through the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Seek function for CD mode
• Press
to seek to the previous
SEEK
track of the current disc. If a
selection has been playing for
TUNE
three seconds or more and you
DISCS
press
, the CD changer will
replay that selection from the beginning.
to seek forward to the next track of the current disc. After
• Press
the last track has been completed, the first track of the current disc
will automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio or
CD mode.
SCN
39
Controls and features
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the SCAN control again to stop the scan
mode.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
BASS
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
TREB
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
BAL
40
Controls and features
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
FADE
CD select
• To begin CD play (if CD[s] are
loaded), press the CD control.
The first track of the disc will
begin playing. After that, CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
Rewind
The rewind control works in CD mode.
To rewind in CD mode, press the
CD control (preset 1).
Press the control again to deactivate
rewind mode.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in CD mode.
To fast forward in CD changer
mode, press the CD control (preset
2).
Press the control again to deactivate
fast forward mode.
Eject function
Press the control to stop and eject a
CD.
AM
FM
CD
CD
1
CD
2
EJ
41
Controls and features
Compression feature
Compression adjust brings soft and
COMP
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate and deactivate compression adjust.
Shuffle feature (if equipped with CD changer)
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
changer mode only and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. The shuffle feature continues
to the next disc after all tracks are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
Setting the clock
Press CLK to toggle between
listening frequencies and clock
mode while in radio mode.
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press the SEEK
control:
•
•
SCN
CLK
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press the
TUNE control:
42
SEEK
TUNE
DISCS
Controls and features
•
•
to decrease minutes and
to increase minutes.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Premium AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Single CD
DISC
VOL PUSH ON
EJ
FM 1
AMC
BL
AM
ST
MUTE
RF
FM
EJ
DOLBY B NR
TAPE
CD
AUTO
SEEK
TUNE
SCAN
BASS
TREB
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
Volume/power control
Press the control to turn the audio
system on or off.
Audio power can also be turned on
by pressing the AM/FM select
control or the tape/CD select
control. Audio power is turned off
by using the volume/power control.
SEL
4
BAL
CLK
FADE
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
VOL - PUSH ON
43
Controls and features
Turn control to raise or lower
volume.
VOL - PUSH ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the ignition is turned off,
the volume will come back on at a “nominal” listening level when the
ignition switch is turned back on.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select control works in
radio, tape and CD modes.
AM
FM
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM frequency bands. Press the
control to switch between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio play.
Tune adjust
The tune control works in radio mode.
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next
frequency down the band
(whether or not a listenable
station is located there). Hold the
control to move through the
frequencies quickly.
to move to the next
• Press
frequency up the band (whether
or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick
movement.
44
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Controls and features
Seek function
The seek function control works in radio, tape or CD mode.
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next
listenable station down the
frequency band.
• Press
to find the next
listenable station up the
frequency band.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the tape.
to listen to the next selection on the tape.
• Press
Seek function in CD mode
• Press
to seek to the previous
track of the current disc.
• Press
to seek forward to the
next track of the current disc.
After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the
current disc will automatically
replay.
Scan function
The scan function works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of all listenable stations
on the frequency band. Press the control again to stop the scan mode.
45
Controls and features
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
tape. (The tape scans in a forward direction. At the end of the tape’s
first side, direction automatically reverses to the opposite side of the
tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of all selections on the
CD. (The CD scans in a forward direction, wrapping back to the first
track at the end of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press the
control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory preset controls. These
controls can be used to select up to six preset AM stations and twelve
FM stations (six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
AM
FM
1. Select the frequency band with the AM/FM select control.
2. Select a station. Refer to Tune adjust or Seek function for more
information on selecting a station.
REW
FF
SIDE 1-2
1
2
3
4
COMP
SHUFFLE
5
6
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the sound returns,
indicating the station is held in memory on the control you selected.
Autoset memory preset
Autoset allows you to set strong radio stations without losing your
original manually set preset stations. This feature is helpful on trips
when you travel between cities with different radio stations.
46
Controls and features
Starting autoset memory preset
1. Select a frequency using the AM/FM select controls.
2. Press the AUTO control.
3. When the first six strong stations
AUTO
are filled, the station stored in
memory preset control 1 will start
playing.
CLK
If there are less than six strong
stations available on the frequency
band, the remaining memory preset
controls will all store the last strong station available.
These stations are temporarily stored in the memory preset controls
(until deactivated) and are accessed in the same manner of your original
presets.
To deactivate autoset and return to your audio system’s manually set
memory stations, press the AUTO control again.
Bass adjust
The bass adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s bass output.
Press the BASS control then press:
•
to decrease the bass output
and
•
to increase the bass output.
Treble adjust
The treble adjust control allows you
to increase or decrease the audio
system’s treble output.
BASS
TREB
SEL
BASS
TREB
47
Controls and features
Press the TREB control then press:
to decrease the treble output
•
and
•
to increase the treble output.
SEL
Speaker balance adjust
Speaker sound distribution can be
adjusted between the right and left
speakers.
Press the BAL control then press:
•
to shift sound to the left and
to shift sound to the right.
•
Speaker fade adjust
Speaker sound can be adjusted
between the front and rear
speakers.
Press the FADE control then press:
•
to shift the sound to the
front and
•
to shift the sound to the rear.
48
BAL
SEL
BAL
FADE
SEL
FADE
Controls and features
Tape select
• To begin tape play (with a tape
loaded into the audio system)
TAPE
CD
while in the radio or CD mode,
press the TAPE control. Press the
button during rewind or fast forward to stop the rewind or fast
forward function.
Rewind
The rewind control works in tape
REW
and CD modes.
1
• In tape mode, radio play will
continue until rewind is stopped
(with the TAPE control) or the beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control rewinds the CD within the
current track.
Fast forward
The fast forward control works in
FF
tape and CD modes.
2
• In the tape mode, tape direction
will automatically reverse when
the end of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control fast forwards the CD within the
current track.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play the alternate
side of a tape.
Eject function
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a tape.
SIDE 1-2
3
EJ
49
Controls and features
Press the EJ control to stop and
eject a CD.
EJ
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction operates in
tape mode. Dolbyt noise reduction
4
reduces the amount of hiss and
static during tape playback.
control to activate (and deactivate) the Dolbyt noise
Press the
reduction.
Dolbyt noise reduction is manufactured under license from Dolbyt
Laboratories Licensing Corporation. “Dolbyt” and the double-D
symbol
are trademarks of Dolbyt Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust brings soft and
loud CD passages together for a
more consistent listening level.
Press the COMP control to activate
and deactivate compression adjust.
COMP
5
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature operates in CD
SHUFFLE
mode (if equipped) and plays all
6
tracks on the current disc in random
order. If equipped with the CD
changer, the shuffle feature
continues to the next disc after all tracks on the current disc are played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature. Random order play will
continue until the SHUFFLE control is pressed again.
50
Controls and features
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press and hold the
CLK control and press SEEK:
AUTO
CLK
•
•
to decrease hours and
to increase hours.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
To set the minute, press and hold
the CLK control and press TUNE:
AUTO
CLK
to decrease minutes and
•
to increase minutes.
•
If your vehicle has a separate clock
module, (other than the digital radio
display), the CLK button will not
function in the above manner.
SEEK
SEEK
TUNE
TUNE
51
Controls and features
The CLK button will allow you to
switch between media display mode
AUTO
(radio station, stereo information,
etc.) and clock display mode (time).
When in clock mode, the media
information will display for 10
CLK
seconds, when the radio is turned
on, and then revert to clock
information. Anytime that the media
is changed, (new radio station, etc.), the media information will again
display for 10 seconds before reverting back to the clock. In media mode,
the media information will always be displayed.
Mute mode
Press the control to mute the
playing media. Press the control
again to return to the playing media.
EJ
MUTE
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If necessary, clean
discs only with an approved CD cleaner and wipe the center out to the
edge. Do not use circular motion.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning cartridge after 10 to
12 hours of play in order to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high humidity, extreme heat or
extreme cold. Allow tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or pencil into the hole
and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
52
Controls and features
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a long time when not
being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Canadian Radio
and Telecommunications Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies
AM and FM stations may use for their broadcasts. Allowable frequencies
are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.7, 87.9–107.7, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal travels, the weaker it is.
The listenable range of the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal modulation.” Signal
modulation is a process radio stations use to increase their
strength/volume relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings between your vehicle’s
antenna and the radio station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power lines, electric fences,
traffic lights and thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes captured by stronger
signals when you pass a broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play while the weak station
frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single channel reception if it
will improve the reception of a station normally received in stereo.
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified technician.
53
Controls and features
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to activate the left
turn signal.
• Push up to activate the right turn
signal.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows the electrical
accessories such as the radio to
4
operate while the engine is not
3
running.
5
2. LOCK, locks the steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift
2
lever and allows key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all
1
accessories without locking the
steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning lights illuminated. Key
position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as soon as the engine
starts.
54
Controls and features
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot be controlled
until the vehicle is traveling at or
above 48 km/h (30 mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N (Neutral) with the speed
control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously programmed set speed
will be erased.
55
Controls and features
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
For speed control to operate, the
speed control must be ON and
the vehicle speed must be greater
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle speed may vary
momentarily slower or faster than the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it increases above the
set speed on a downhill. If your vehicle speed is faster than the set
speed while driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the next
lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10 mph) below your set
speed on an uphill, your speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic or on roads that
are winding, slippery, or unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. Release the control
when the desired vehicle speed is
RSM
reached or
SET
• Press and release SET/SET ACC/
ACC
SET ACCEL. Each press will
increase the set speed by 1.6
COAST
km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator
pedal. When the desired vehicle
speed is reached, press and release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
56
Controls and features
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any time during speed
control usage. Releasing the accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to
the previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/COAST.
Release the control when the
desired speed is reached or
• Press and release CST/COAST.
Each press will decrease the set
speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
• Depress the brake pedal. When
the desired vehicle speed is
reached, press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
57
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake pedal or
• Depress the clutch pedal (if
equipped).
Disengaging the speed control will
not erase the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase the
previously programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
58
Controls and features
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/RESUME. For
RES/RSM/RESUME to operate,
the vehicle speed must be faster
than 48 km/h (30 mph).
RSM
SET
ACC
COAST
Indicator light (if equipped)
This light comes on when either the
SPEED
SET ACC/SET ACCEL or RES/RSM/
RESUME controls are pressed. It
CONT
turns off when the speed control
OFF control is pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is turned to
the OFF position.
OVERDRIVE CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
Activating overdrive
(Overdrive) is the normal drive position for the best fuel economy.
The overdrive function allows automatic upshifts and downshifts through
all available gears.
Deactivating overdrive
Press the Transmission Control
Switch (TCS) located on the end of
the gearshift lever. The
Transmission Control Indicator Light
(TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
The transmission will operate in all
gears except overdrive. To return to
normal overdrive mode, press the
Transmission Control Switch again.
The TCIL will no longer be
illuminated.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
ON/OFF
59
Controls and features
When you shut off and re-start your vehicle, the transmission will
automatically return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
For additional information about the gearshift lever and the transmission
control switch operation refer to the Automatic Transmission
Operation section of the Driving chapter.
TILT STEERING WHEEL (IF EQUIPPED)
Pull the tilt steering control toward
you to move the steering wheel up
or down. Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to the desired
position, then release the control to
lock the steering wheel in position.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the vehicle is moving.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer to Hazard flasher in
the Roadside emergencies chapter.
60
Controls and features
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield wiper control
to the desired interval, low or high
speed position.
The bars of varying length are for
intermittent wipers. When in this
position rotate the control upward
for fast intervals and downward for
slow intervals.
Push (tap) the end of the stalk
briefly for a single swipe (no wash).
Push and hold for three swipes with
wash. Push and hold for a longer
wash (up to ten seconds).
POWER WINDOWS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and close windows.
• Press the top portion of the
rocker switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom portion of the
rocker switch to open.
AUTO
61
Controls and features
One touch down
• Press AUTO completely down and
release quickly. The driver’s
window will open fully. Depress
again to stop window operation.
One touch down can be deactivated
during operation by pushing up on
the power window control.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press the top of the control to
unlock all doors and the bottom to
lock all doors.
AUTO
UNLOCK
LOCK
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS (IF EQUIPPED)
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
to adjust the right mirror.
1. Select
2. Move the control in the direction
you wish to tilt the mirror.
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in place.
62
Controls and features
CENTER CONSOLE (IF EQUIPPED)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a
variety of console features. These
include:
• Utility compartment with
cassette/compact disc storage
• Cupholders
• Coin holder slots
• Flip up armrest
• Removable utility bag (if
equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard objects can injure you
in a collision.
CARGO AREA FEATURES
Cargo area shade (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with notches in the side trim panels that
are used for a cargo area shade. See your dealer for more information.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or unlock all vehicle doors
without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the ignition in the OFF
position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry problem with your vehicle,
ensure ALL key fobs (remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
63
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to unlock the
driver’s door. The interior lamps will
illuminate.
Press the control a second time
within five seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to lock all doors.
To confirm all doors are closed and
locked, press the control a second
time within five seconds. The doors
will lock again, the horn will chirp
and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn
will make two quick chirps,
reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to activate the
alarm.
To deactivate the alarm, press the
control again or turn the ignition to
ACC or ON.
This device complies with part 15 of
the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is
subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
64
Controls and features
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party
responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type three-volt lithium battery
CR2032 or equivalent. Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease in operating
range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin between the two
halves of the transmitter near the
key ring. DO NOT TAKE THE
FRONT PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new
battery in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back
together.
65
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
If a remote transmitter has been lost
and you would like to remove it
from the vehicle’s memory, or you
would like to purchase additional
remote transmitters and have them
programmed to your vehicle:
• Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your dealer for
programming, or
• Perform the programming
procedure yourself
Programming remote transmitters
It is necessary to have all (maximum of four — original and/or new) of
your remote transmitters available prior to beginning this procedure.
To program the transmitters yourself:
• Insert a key in the ignition and
turn from 3 (OFF) to 4 (ON)
4
eight times in rapid succession
3
(within 10 seconds) with the
5
eighth turn ending in the 4 (ON)
position. The doors will lock/
2
unlock to confirm that
programming mode has been
entered.
1
• Within 20 seconds, program a
remote transmitter by pressing
any button on a transmitter. The doors will lock/unlock to confirm that
the remote transmitter has been programmed. (If more than 20
seconds pass before pressing a remote transmitter button, the
programming mode will exit and the procedure will have to be
repeated.)
• Repeat the previous step to program additional remote transmitters.
The doors will lock/unlock to confirm that each remote transmitter has
been programmed.
• When you have completed programming the remote transmitters, turn
the ignition to 3 (OFF) or wait 20 seconds. Again the doors will
lock/unlock to confirm programming has been completed.
66
Controls and features
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry system is used to
unlock the door(s) or sound the personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds or when the ignition
is turned to the RUN or ACC position. The dome lamp control (if
equipped) must not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated entry
system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40 minutes after the
ignition has been turned to the OFF position.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides an advanced level of
vehicle theft protection. Your vehicle’s engine can only be started with
the two special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys provided with
your vehicle. Each time you start your vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is
read by the SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky
key identification code matches the code stored in the SecuriLocky
passive anti-theft system, the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match the code stored in
the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not detected (vehicle theft
situation), the vehicle’s engine will not operate.
If there is any potential SecuriLocky anti-theft problem with your
vehicle, ensure ALL SecuriLocky keys for that vehicle are brought to
the dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not compatible with
aftermarket remote start systems. Use of these systems may result in
vehicle starting problems and a loss of security protection. Large metallic
objects, electronic devices on the key chain that can be used to purchase
gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS ignition key may cause vehicle starting concern and record DTC’s
under certain conditions. If present, you need to keep these objects from
touching the PATS ignition key while starting the engine. These objects
and devices cannot damage the PATS ignition key, but can cause a
momentary concern if they are too close to the key during engine start.
If a problem occurs, turn ignition OFF and restart the engine with all
67
Controls and features
other objects on the key ring held away from the ignition key. Check to
make sure the encoded ignition key is an approved Ford encoded
ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or stolen and you want
to ensure the lost or stolen key will not operate your vehicle, bring your
vehicle and all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on the instrument cluster will operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will flash briefly every
two seconds to indicate the SecuriLocky system is protecting your
vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to RUN or START, the theft indicator will
light for three seconds and then go out. If the theft indicator stays on
for an extended period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified technician.
The Theft indicator is controlled by the SecuriLocky system. During
the 30 second prearm state, it is normal to see the theft indicator pulse
brighter behind the constant glow.
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from your dealership and
programmed to your SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system (up to a
total of eight keys). Your dealership can program your new SecuriLocky
key(s) to your vehicle or you can do it yourself using the following
simple procedure. To program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will
need two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys (keys that already
operate your vehicle’s engine). If two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys are not available (one or both of your original keys
were lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your dealership to
have the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
68
Controls and features
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct mechanical key cut for
your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be programmed to your
vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys and
the new unprogrammed SecuriLocky key readily accessible for the
procedure. Please read and understand the entire procedure before you
begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the
ignition and turn the ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON
for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first SecuriLocky key from the
ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the second
previously programmed SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at least one second
but no more than five seconds).
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second SecuriLocky key
from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF, insert the
unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new key/valet key) into the ignition
and turn the ignition from OFF to ON (maintain ignition in ON for at
least one second). This step will program your new SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat this procedure from
step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will start the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument cluster) will light for three seconds and then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful, the new SecuriLocky
key(s) will not operate the vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash
on and off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the procedure from
step 1. If failure repeats, bring your vehicle to your dealership to have
the spare SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
69
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback when the vehicle is
moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks to reduce the risk of
injuring people in a collision or sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
Reclining the seatback can reduce the effectiveness of the seat’s
safety belt in the event of a collision.
Lift handle to move seat forward or
backward.
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Seating and safety restraints
Pull lever up to adjust seatback.
Using the manual lumbar support (if equipped)
Turn the lumbar support control
clockwise to increase firmness.
Turn the lumbar support control
counterclockwise to increase
softness.
REAR SEATS
Center facing jump seat (2 door SuperCab) (if equipped)
To open, pull inboard and down on the seat handle.
To stow the seat, pull seat bottom back to the fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
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Seating and safety restraints
Center facing jump seat (4 door SuperCab) (if equipped)
To open, pull seat assembly down,
then raise seatback.
To stow the seat, fold seat back
down and raise seat assembly to the
fully upright position.
Do not install a child seat in
a center facing jump seat.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback upright and the lap
belt snug and low across the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure children sit where they
can be properly restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo area, inside or
outside of a vehicle. In a collision, people riding in these areas
are more likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow people to
ride in any area of your vehicle that is not equipped with seats and
safety belts. Be sure everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
72
Seating and safety restraints
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a specific safety belt
assembly which is made up of one buckle and one tongue that
are designed to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on the
outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder belt under the arm.
2) Never swing the safety belt around your neck over the inside
shoulder. 3) Never use a single belt for more than one person.
On four-door SuperCab vehicles, do not open the rear door when
the rear seat belt is still buckled.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a snap and feel
it latch. Make sure the tongue is
securely fastened in the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push the release
button and remove the tongue from
the buckle.
73
Seating and safety restraints
The front outboard safety restraints in the vehicle are combination lap
and shoulder belts. The front passenger outboard safety belt has two
types of locking modes described below:
Energy Management Feature
• This vehicle has a seat belt system with an energy management
feature at the front outboard seating positions to help further reduce
the risk of injury in the event of a head-on collision.
• This seat belt system has a retractor assembly that is designed to pay
out webbing in a controlled manner. This feature is designed to help
reduce the belt force acting on the occupant’s chest.
After any vehicle collision, the seat belt system at all outboard
seating positions (except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified technician to verify
that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor mode, allowing free
shoulder belt length adjustment to your movements and locking in
response to vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle receives an impact of
approximately 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the combination safety belts will
lock to help reduce forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically pre-locked. The belt will
still retract to remove any slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the driver safety belt.
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Seating and safety restraints
When to use the automatic locking mode
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in a passenger front or
outboard rear seating position (if equipped). Children 12 years old and
under should be properly restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children or Safety Seats for
Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder portion and
pull downward until the entire
belt is extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you will hear a clicking
sound. This indicates the safety belt is now in the automatic locking
mode.
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Seating and safety restraints
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and allow it to retract
completely to disengage the automatic locking mode and activate the
vehicle sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
After any vehicle collision, the seat belt system at all outboard
seating positions (except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified technician to verify
that the “automatic locking retractor” feature for child seats is still
functioning properly. In addition, all seat belts should be checked for
proper function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST BE REPLACED if
the seat belt assembly “automatic locking retractor” feature or
any other seat belt function is not operating properly when checked
according to the procedures in Workshop Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor assembly could
increase the risk of injury in collisions.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety belt height adjustments for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the height of the shoulder belt so the belt rests across
the middle of your shoulder.
76
Seating and safety restraints
• Regular Cab and 4–door Super
Cab
• 2–door SuperCab
To lower the shoulder belt height, push the button and slide the height
adjuster down. To raise the height of the shoulder belt, slide the height
adjuster up. Pull down on the height adjuster to make sure it is locked in
place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjusters so that the belt rests
across the middle of your shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety
belt properly could reduce the effectiveness of the seat belt and
increase the risk of injury in a collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the front center seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
Insert the tongue into the correct
buckle (the buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is coming
from). To lengthen the belt, turn the
tongue at a right angle to the belt
and pull across your lap until it
reaches the buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt
through the tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the belt when
not in use.
Adjusting the rear center facing jump seat lap belt (if equipped)
The lap belt will adjust automatically. To fasten, grasp the tongue, and
with a continuous motion, pull out enough webbing to buckle the tongue
into the correct buckle. If you did not pull out enough webbing to reach
the buckle, allow the tongue to retract fully before trying to pull it out
again.
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Seating and safety restraints
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as possible around the
hips, not around the waist.
If you need to lengthen the belt, unfasten it and repeat the procedure
above.
To unfasten the belt, push in the release button prior to opening the rear
door.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when fully extended, 20 cm
(8 inches) can be added to the safety belt assembly by adding a safety
belt extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety belt extension
assemblies can be obtained from your dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same supplier as the safety
belt. Manufacturer identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if the safety belt is too
short for you when fully extended. Do not use extensions to change the
fit of the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the instrument cluster and a
chime sounds to remind the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the ignition switch
is turned to the ON position...
Then...
The safety belt warning light
illuminates1-2 minutes and the
warning chime sounds 4-8
seconds.
The safety belt warning light and
warning chime turn off.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled
while the indicator light is
illuminated and the warning chime
is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The safety belt warning light and
before the ignition switch is turned indicator chime remain off.
to the ON position...
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Seating and safety restraints
Belt minder (if equipped)
The Belt Minder feature is a supplemental warning to the safety belt
warning function. This feature provides additional reminders to the
driver that the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled by intermittently
sounding a chime and illuminating the safety belt warning lamp in the
instrument cluster.
If...
The driver’s safety belt is not
buckled before the vehicle has
reached at least 5 km/h (3 mph)
and 1-2 minutes have elapsed
since the ignition switch has been
turned to ON...
Then...
The Belt Minder feature is
activated - the safety belt warning
light illuminates and the warning
chime sounds for 6 seconds every
30 seconds, repeating for
approximately 5 minutes or until
safety belt is buckled.
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
while the safety belt indicator light activate.
is illuminated and the safety belt
warning chime is sounding...
The driver’s safety belt is buckled The Belt Minder feature will not
before the ignition switch is turned activate.
to the ON position...
The purpose of the Belt Minder is to remind occasional wearers to wear
safety belts all of the time.
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Seating and safety restraints
The following are reasons most often given for not wearing safety belts:
(All statistics based on U.S. data)
Reasons given...
9Crashes are rare
events9
Consider...
36 700 crashes occur every day. The more we
drive, the more we are exposed to 9rare9 events,
even for good drivers. 1 in 4 of us will be seriously
injured in a crash during our lifetime.
9I’m not going far9 3 of 4 fatal crashes occur within 25 miles of home.
9Belts are
Ford designs its safety belts to enhance comfort. If
uncomfortable9
you are uncomfortable - try different positions for
the safety belt upper anchorage and seatback
which should be as upright as possible; this can
improve comfort.
9I was in a hurry9 Prime time for an accident. Belt Minder reminds
us to take a few seconds to buckle up.
9Seat belts don’t
Safety belts, when used properly, reduce risk of
work9
death to front seat occupants by 45% in cars,
and by 60% in light trucks.
9Traffic is light9
Nearly 1 of 2 deaths occur in single-vehicle
crashes, many when no other vehicles are around.
9Belts wrinkle my Possibly, but a serious crash can do much more
clothes9
than wrinkle your clothes, particularly if you are
unbelted.
9The people I’m
Set the example, teen deaths occur 4 times more
with don’t wear
often in vehicles with TWO or MORE people.
belts9
Children and younger brothers/sisters imitate
behavior they see.
9I have an air bag9 Air bags offer greater protection when used with
safety belts. Frontal airbags are not designed to
inflate in rear and side crashes or rollovers.
9I’d rather be
Not a good idea, people who are ejected are 40
thrown clear9
times more likely to DIE. Safety belts help
prevent ejection, WE CAN’T 9PICK OUR CRASH9.
Do not sit on top of a buckled safety belt to avoid the Belt
Minder chime. Sitting on the safety belt will increase risk of
injury in an accident. To disable (one-time) or deactivate the Belt
Minder feature please follow the directions stated below.
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Seating and safety restraints
One time disable
Anytime the safety belt is buckled and then unbuckled during an ignition
ON cycle, Belt Minder will be disabled for that ignition cycle only.
Deactivating/activating the belt minder feature
Read steps 1 - 9 thoroughly before proceeding with the
deactivation/activation programming procedure.
The Belt Minder feature can be deactivated/activated by performing the
following procedure:
Before following the procedure, make sure that:
• the parking brake is set
• the gearshift is in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission).
• the ignition switch is in the OFF position
• all vehicle doors are closed
• the driver’s safety belt is unbuckled
• the parklamps/headlamps are in OFF position (If vehicle is equipped
with Autolamps, this will not affect the procedure.)
To reduce the risk of injury, do not deactivate/activate the Belt
Minder feature while driving the vehicle.
1. Turn the ignition switch to the RUN (or ON) position. (DO NOT
START THE ENGINE)
2. Wait until the safety belt warning light turns off. (Approximately 1–2
minutes)
• Steps 3–5 must be completed within 60 seconds or the procedure will
have to be repeated.
3. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled. This can be done before or during Belt Minder
warning activation.
4. Turn on the parklamps/headlamps, turn off the parklamps/headlamps.
5. Buckle then unbuckle the safety belt three times, ending with the
safety belt unbuckled.
• After step 5 the safety belt warning light will be turned on for three
seconds.
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Seating and safety restraints
6. Within seven seconds of the safety belt warning light turning off,
buckle then unbuckle the safety belt.
• This will disable Belt Minder if it is currently enabled, or enable Belt
Minder if it is currently disabled.
7. Confirmation of disabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the
safety belt warning light four times per second for three seconds.
8. Confirmation of enabling Belt Minder is provided by flashing the safety
belt warning light four times per second for three seconds, followed by
three seconds with the safety belt warning light off, then followed by
flashing the safety belt warning light four times per second for three
seconds again.
9. After receiving confirmation, the deactivation/activation procedure is
complete.
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make sure they work
properly and are not damaged. Inspect the safety belts to make sure
there are no nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All safety belt
assemblies, including retractors, buckles, front seat belt buckle
assemblies, buckle support assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder
belt height adjusters (if equipped), shoulder belt guide on seatback (if
equipped), child safety seat tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in vehicles involved in a
collision be replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a qualified
technician finds that the belts do not show damage and continue to
operate properly, they do not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies
not in use during a collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace the safety belt
assembly under the above conditions could result in severe
personal injuries in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts in the
Maintenance and care section.
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Seating and safety restraints
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS)
60 70
50
80
100
20
E
L
90
120
60
30
H
10
ABS
80
0 0 0
40
CHECK
ENGINE
F
140
000000
40
160
H
H
110
km/h 120
MPH
P
100
180
20
R
N D 2 1
L
BRAKE
!
P
SPEED
CONT
O/D
OFF
L
SEEK
OFF
TUNE
RSM
ON
SET
ACC
OFF
2
1
3
4
AM-FM
COAST
SRS
OFF
A/C
MAX
A/C
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Your vehicle is equipped with a crash sensing and diagnostic module
which records information about the air bag and sensor systems. In the
event of a collision this module may save information related to the
collision including information about the air bag system and impact
severity. This information will assist Ford in the servicing of your vehicle
and may help Ford better understand real world collisions and further
improve the safety of future vehicles.
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS) precautions
The supplemental restraint system
is designed to work with the safety
belt to help protect the driver and
right front passenger from certain
upper body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT inflate slowly or
gently and the risk of injury from a
deploying air bag is greatest close to
the trim covering the air bag
module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the driver, should always
properly wear their safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is
provided.
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Seating and safety restraints
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
recommends a minimum distance of at least 25 cm (10 inches)
between an occupant’s chest and the driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag module as a deploying air
bag can result in serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Never place a rear facing infant seat in the front seat unless the
passenger air bag is turned off.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while still reaching the
pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees) from the upright
position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag module. Placing
objects on or over the air bag inflation area may cause those
objects to be propelled by the air bag into your face and torso causing
serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System or its fuses. See your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional important safety information, read all information on
safety restraints in this guide.
Children must always be properly restrained. Failure to follow these
instructions may increase the risk of injury in a collision.
An infant in a rear-facing seat faces a high risk of serious or fatal
injuries from a deploying passenger air bag. Rear facing infant
seats should NEVER be placed in the front seats, unless the passenger
air bag is turned off. See Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch.
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Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint system work?
The air bag SRS is designed to
activate when the vehicle sustains
sufficient longitudinal deceleration.
The fact that the air bags did not
inflate in a collision does not mean
that something is wrong with the
system. Rather, it means the forces
were not of the type sufficient to
cause activation. Air bags are
designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover,
side-impact, or rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and deflate
rapidly upon activation. After air bag
deployment, it is normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery residue or
smell the burnt propellant. This may
consist of cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate the bag) or
sodium compounds (e.g., baking
soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the
air bag. Small amounts of sodium
hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but
none of the residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help
reduce serious injuries, it may also
cause minor abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss. Because air
bags must inflate rapidly and with considerable force, there is the risk of
death or serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye injuries or
internal injuries, particularly to occupants who are not properly
restrained or are otherwise out of position at the time of air bag
deployment. Thus, it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
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Seating and safety restraints
Several air bag system components get hot after inflation. Do not
touch them after inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will not function again
and must be replaced immediately. If the air bag is not
replaced, the unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which include the inflators and
air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors, passenger air bag deactivation
switch and diagnostic monitor (RCM)
• a readiness light and tone,
• and the electrical wiring which connects the components.
The RCM (restraints control module) monitors its own internal circuits
and the supplemental air bag electrical system warning (including the
passenger air bag deactivation switch, the impact sensors, the system
wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the air bag back up power and
the air bag ignitors).
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses readiness lights in the instrument cluster and the
passenger air bag deactivate switch or a tone to indicate the condition of
the system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in the
Instrumentation chapter or Passenger air bag deactivate switch
section in this chapter. Routine maintenance of the air bag is not
required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or more of the following:
• The readiness lights will either
flash or stay lit.
• The readiness lights will not
illuminate immediately after
ignition is turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone pattern will repeat
periodically until the problem and light are repaired.
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Seating and safety restraints
If any of these things happen, even intermittently, have the SRS serviced
at your dealership or by a qualified technician immediately. Unless
serviced, the system may not function properly in the event of a
collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped vehicles
(including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles, see your local
dealership or qualified technician. Air bags MUST BE disposed of by
qualified personnel.
Passenger air bag ON/OFF switch
An air bag ON/OFF switch
has been installed in this
vehicle. Before driving, always
look at the face of the switch to
be sure the switch is in the proper
position in accordance with these
instructions and warnings. Failure
to put the switch in a proper
position can increase the risk of
serious injury or death in a
collision.
Turning the passenger air bag off
1. Insert the ignition key, turn the
switch to OFF position and hold in
OFF position while removing the
key.
2. When the ignition is turned to the
ON position the OFF light
illuminates briefly, momentarily
shuts off and then turns back on.
This indicates that the passenger air
bag is deactivated.
88
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
ON
OFF
OFF
PASSENGER AIRBAG
Seating and safety restraints
If the light fails to illuminate when the passenger air bag switch
is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in ON, have the
passenger air bag switch serviced at your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer immediately.
In order to avoid inadvertent activation of the switch, always
remove the ignition key from the passenger air bag ON/OFF
switch.
Turning the passenger air bag back on
The passenger air bag remains OFF until you turn it back ON.
1. Insert the ignition key and turn
the switch to ON.
ON
OFF
2. The OFF light will briefly
illuminate when the ignition is
OFF
turned to ON. This indicates that
the passenger air bag is operational.
PASSENGER AIRBAG
If the light is illuminated when the passenger air bag ON/OFF
switch is in the ON position and the ignition switch is in ON,
have the passenger air bag ON/OFF switch serviced at your Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer immediately.
The passenger side air bag should always be ON (the air bag OFF light
should not be illuminated) unless the passenger is a person who meets
the requirements stated either in Category 1, 2 or 3 of the
NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation criteria which follows.
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Seating and safety restraints
The safety belts for the driver and right front passenger seating
positions have been specifically designed to function together
with the air bags in certain types of crashes. When you turn OFF your
air bag, you not only lose the protection of the air bag, you also may
reduce the effectiveness of your safety belt system, which was
designed to work with the air bag. If you are not a person who meets
the requirements stated in the NHTSA/Transport Canada deactivation
criteria turning OFF the air bag can increase the risk of serious injury
or death in a collision.
Always use safety belts and child restraints properly. If a child in
a rear facing infant seat must be transported in front, the
passenger air bag must be turned OFF. This is because the back of the
infant seat is too close to the inflating air bag and the risk of a fatal
injury to the infant when the air bag inflates is substantial.
The vast majority of drivers and passengers are much safer with an air
bag than without. To do their job and reduce the risk of life threatening
injuries, air bags must open with great force, and this force can pose a
potentially deadly risk in some situations, particularly when a front seat
occupant is not properly buckled up. The most effective way to reduce
the risk of unnecessary air bag injuries without reducing the overall
safety of the vehicle is to make sure all occupants are properly
restrained in the vehicle, especially in the front seat. This provides the
protection of safety belts and permits the air bags to provide the
additional protection they were designed to provide. If you choose to
deactivate your air bag, you are losing the very significant risk reducing
benefits of the air bag and you are also reducing the effectiveness of the
safety belts, because safety belts in modern vehicles are designed to
work as a safety system with the air bags.
Read all air bag Warning labels in the vehicle as well as the other
important air bag instructions and Warnings in this Owner’s Guide.
NHTSA deactivation criteria (excluding Canada)
1. Infant. An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• the vehicle has a rear seat too small to accommodate a rear-facing
infant seat; or
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Seating and safety restraints
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front so that
the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
2. Child age 1 to 12. A child age 1 to 12 must ride in the front seat
because:
• the vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children ages 1 to 12 ride in the rear seat(s) whenever
possible, children ages 1 to 12 sometimes must ride in the front
because no space is available in the rear seat(s) of the vehicle; or
• the child has a medical condition which, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can constantly monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition. A passenger has a medical condition which,
according to his or her physician:
• causes the passenger air bag to pose a special risk for the passenger;
and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag in a crash
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
allowing the passenger, even if belted, to hit the dashboard or
windshield in a crash.
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if
the air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might
permit the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a
serious or fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the
occupant, the greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for
any person who does not qualify under the NHTSA deactivation
criteria.
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Seating and safety restraints
Transport Canada deactivation criteria (Canada Only)
1. Infant: An infant (less than 1 year old) must ride in the front seat
because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• the rear seat in my vehicle cannot accommodate a rear-facing infant
seat; or
• the infant has a medical condition which, according to the infant’s
physician, makes it necessary for the infant to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can monitor the infant’s condition.
2. Child age 12 or under: A child age 12 or under must ride in the
front seat because:
• my vehicle has no rear seat;
• although children age 12 and under ride in the rear seat whenever
possible, children age 12 and under have no option but to sometimes
ride in the front seat because rear seat space is insufficient; or
• the child has a medical condition that, according to the child’s
physician, makes it necessary for the child to ride in the front seat so
that the driver can monitor the child’s condition.
3. Medical condition: A passenger has a medical condition that,
according to his or her physician:
• poses a special risk for the passenger if the air bag deploys; and
• makes the potential harm from the passenger air bag deployment
greater than the potential harm from turning OFF the air bag and
experiencing a crash without the protection offered by the air bag
This vehicle has special energy management safety belts for the
driver and/or right front passenger. These particular belts are
specifically designed to work with air bags to help reduce the risk of
injury in a collision. The energy management safety belt is designed to
give or release additional belt webbing in some accidents to reduce
concentration of force on an occupant’s chest and reduce the risk of
certain bone fractures and injuries to underlying organs. In a crash, if the
air bag is turned OFF, this energy management safety belt might permit
the person wearing the belt to move forward enough to incur a serious or
fatal injury. The more severe the crash, and the heavier the occupant, the
greater the risk is. Be sure the air bag is turned ON for any person who
does not qualify under the Transport Canada deactivation criteria.
92
Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to properly use safety
restraints for children. Also see Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System
(SRS) in this chapter for special instructions about using air bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for children in the U.S.
and Canada. If small children ride in your vehicle (generally children who
are four years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs] or less), you
must put them in safety seats made especially for children. Check your
local and state or provincial laws for specific requirements regarding the
safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or her lap while the
vehicle is moving. The passenger cannot protect the child from
injury in a collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that come with any infant or
child restraint you might use.
When possible, always place children under age 12 in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that children are safer when
properly restrained in the rear seating positions than in the front seating
positions.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as specified by your
child safety seat manufacturer) should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag precautions that
apply to adult passengers in your vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and shoulder belt can
be positioned so it does not cross or rest in front of the child’s face or
neck, the child should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the child
closer to the center of the vehicle may help provide a good shoulder belt
fit.
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Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or pets unattended in
your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on children who have
outgrown child safety seats, Ford recommends use of a belt-positioning
booster seat that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor vehicle
safety standards. Belt-positioning booster seats raise the child and
provide a shorter, firmer seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the shoulder belt rests in
front of the child’s face or neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on
both thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child sit all the way
back on the seat cushion when the lower legs hang over the edge of the
seat cushion. You may wish to discuss the special needs of your child
with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size and weight of the
child. Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions with the
safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden stop or
collision.
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Seating and safety restraints
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow the information
presented in the Air Bag
Supplemental Restraint System
section in this chapter.
• Use the correct safety belt buckle
for that seating position (the
buckle closest to the direction the
tongue is coming from).
• Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely fastened in the
buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and away from the safety
seat, with the tongue between the child seat and the release button,
to prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode. Refer to Automatic
locking mode (passenger side front and outboard rear seating
positions) (if equipped).
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat having a top tether
strap. Install the child safety seat in a seating position which is capable
of providing a tether anchorage. For more information on top tether
straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s instructions included
with the safety seat you put in your vehicle. If you do not install
and use the safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a sudden
stop or collision.
95
Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap and shoulder belt
seating positions
1. Position the child safety seat in a
seat with a combination lap and
shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. If you must
use a forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move seat all
the way back.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child seat. Child seats
should never be placed in the front seats, unless passenger air
bag switch is turned off, See Passenger air bag deactivation switch
.
Rear facing child seats should NEVER be placed in the front
seats unless the passenger airbag switch is turned off.
2. Pull down on the shoulder belt
and then grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
96
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the shoulder and
lap belt portions together, route the
tongue through the child seat
according to the child seat
manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not twisted.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the
proper buckle (the buckle closest to
the direction the tongue is coming
from) for that seating position until
you hear and feel the latch engage.
Make sure the tongue is latched
securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor in the
automatic locking mode, grasp the
shoulder portion of the belt and pull
downward until all of the belt is
extracted and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it retracts to indicate it
is in the automatic locking mode.
97
Seating and safety restraints
7. Pull the lap belt portion across
the child seat toward the buckle and
pull up on the shoulder belt while
pushing down with knee on the
child seat.
8. Allow the safety belt to retract to
remove any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the child in the
seat, forcibly tilt the seat forward
and back to make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make sure the retractor is
in the automatic locking mode (you should not be able to pull more belt
out). If the retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat steps
two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly secured before each use.
98
Seating and safety restraints
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include a tether strap that
goes over the back of the vehicle seat and attaches to an anchoring
point. Other manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat for information about
ordering a tether strap.
In Super Cabs equipped with Center Facing Jump Seats, the tether strap
anchor bracket should be installed only at the center of the cab’s back
panel with the child seat in the front center seating position. Installing
an anchor bracket at the right rear of the cab may increase risk of injury
to an occupant of the right rear center facing jump seat in the event of a
collision or a sudden stop. If a tether child seat is installed in the right
front seating position, secure the tether strap to the webbing of the
buckled right rear lap belt.
You can attach a tether strap anchor bracket to the cab inner back panel
by using a tether anchor kit (613D20) available at no charge from any
Ford dealer.
Do not install a child seat in a center facing jump seat.
Tether anchorage hardware
Tether anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D20) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any Ford or
Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Tighten the anchor according to specifications. Otherwise, the
safety seat may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
99
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the powertrain control system. This
system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment standard
requirements regulating the impulse electrical field strength of radio
noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing the accelerator
before or during starting. Only use the accelerator when you have
difficulty starting the engine. For more information on starting the
vehicle, refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can produce very high
temperatures in the engine and exhaust system, creating the risk
of fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage or in other enclosed
areas. Exhaust fumes can be toxic. Always open the garage door
before you start the engine. See Guarding against exhaust fumes in
this chapter for more instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your vehicle, have your dealer
inspect your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle revolutions per minute
(RPM). When the engine starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the
engine. If the engine idle speed does not slow down automatically, have
the vehicle checked. Do not allow the vehicle to idle for more than 10
minutes at high engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled their safety belts. For
more information on safety belts and their proper usage, refer to the
Seating and safety restraints chapter.
100
Starting
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories are off.
If starting a vehicle with an automatic transmission:
• Make sure the parking brake is
set.
•
If
•
•
Make sure the gearshift is in P (Park).
starting a vehicle with a manual transmission:
Make sure the parking brake is set.
Push the clutch pedal to the
floor.
3. Turn the key to 4 (ON) without
turning the key to 5 (START).
4
If there is difficulty in turning the
3
key, firmly rotate the steering wheel
5
left and right until the key turns
freely. This condition may occur
2
when:
• front wheels are turned
1
• front wheel is against the curb
• steering wheel is turned when getting in or out of the vehicle
101
Starting
60 70
50
CHECK
ENGINE
F
H
80
100
30
10
140
000000
40
160
110
km/h 120
MPH
R
N D 2 1
L
!
ABS
DOOR
AJAR
CHECK
GAGE
4
3
H
C
F
6
30
20
1
ABS
50
40
RPMx1000
10
0
BRAKE
P
40
O/D
OFF
60 70
80
0 0 0
80
100
90
120
60
!
E
5
2
<FUEL DOOR
FUEL
RESET
L
SPEED
CONT
BRAKE
CHECK
ENGINE
H
H
100
180
20
P
L
90
120
60
20
E
80
0 0 0
40
140
000000
160
MPH
100
180
20
H
4WD
HIGH
km/h 120
R N D 2 1
SPEED
CONT
L
110
H
4WD
LOW
L
THEFT
O/D
OFF
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly. If a light fails to
illuminate, have the vehicle serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5 (START)
without pressing the accelerator
pedal and release as soon as the
engine starts. The key will return to
4 (ON).
2. If the temperature is above –12°C
(10°F) and the engine does not
start within five seconds on the first
try, turn the key to OFF, wait 10
seconds and try again.
102
4
3
5
2
1
Starting
3. If the temperature is below -12° C (10° F) and the engine does not
start in 15 seconds on the first try, turn the key OFF and wait 10
seconds and try again. If the engine does not start in two attempts, press
the accelerator pedal all the way to floor and hold. Turn the key to
START position.
4. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
5. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake and release the parking
brake.
Cold weather starting (flexible fuel vehicles only)
As the outside temperature approaches freezing, ethanol fuel distributors
should supply winter grade (Ed 85) ethanol (same as with unleaded
gasoline). If summer grade (Ed 85) ethanol is used in cold weather
conditions, you may experience increased cranking times, rough idle or
hesitation until the engine has warmed up. Consult your fuel distributor
for the availability of winter grade (Ed 85) ethanol.
High-quality blends of winter grade (Ed 85) ethanol will produce
satisfactory cold weather starting and driving results. However, fuel
composition varies, and sub-optimal winter grade blends could produce
increased cranking times, rough idle or hesitation at temperatures below
–18 degrees C (0 degrees F). If you experience this condition you may
find that a different brand of winter grade (Ed 85) (if available in your
area) improves the performance of your vehicle.
Cold starting performance can also be improved with the use of an
engine block heater. The engine block heater is available as a Ford
option and can also be obtained from your Ford dealer. Consult the
engine block heater section for proper use of the engine block heater.
If you should experience cold weather starting problems on (Ed 85)
ethanol, and neither an alternative brand of (Ed 85) ethanol nor an
engine block heater is available, the addition of unleaded gasoline to your
tank will improve cold starting performance. Your vehicle is designed to
operate on (Ed 85) ethanol alone, unleaded gasoline alone, or any
mixture of the two.
103
Starting
If the engine fails to start using the preceding instructions
1. Press the accelerator pedal 1/3 to 1/2 of the way to floor and hold.
2. Turn the key to START position.
3. When the engine starts, release the key, then release the accelerator
pedal gradually as the engine speeds up.
4. If the engine still fails to start, repeat steps one through three.
5. After the engine starts, hold your foot on the brake pedal, put the
gearshift lever in gear and release the parking brake. Slowly release the
brake pedal and drive away in a normal manner.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant, which improves
starting, warms up the engine faster and allows the heater-defroster
system to respond quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where temperatures reach -23°C
(-10°F) or below. Your engine block heater also comes with a battery
warmer. The battery warmer wraps around the battery and keeps the
battery warm when the engine block heater is plugged in.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three hours before starting
the vehicle. Using the heater for longer than three hours will not harm
the engine, so the heater can be plugged in the night before starting the
vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your heater with
ungrounded electrical systems or two-pronged (cheater)
adapters.
104
Starting
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is present in exhaust
fumes. Take precautions to avoid its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind inside your vehicle,
have your dealer inspect and fix your vehicle immediately. Do
not drive if you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful and
could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, and birth defects or other reproductive
harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in an open area for
long periods of time, open the windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped) to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle ventilation by
keeping all air inlet vents clear of
snow, leaves and other debris.
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Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the scheduled
maintenance guide for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not indicate a
performance concern with the vehicle’s brake system. In normal
operation, automotive brake systems may emit occasional or intermittent
squeal or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such noises are
usually heard during the first few brake applications in the morning;
however, they may be heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as cold, heat, moisture,
road dust, salt or mud. If a “metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking, the brake linings
may be worn-out and should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
Rear anti-lock brake system (RABS)
Rear Anti-lock Brake System (RABS) is standard equipment on this
vehicle. RABS is designed to help you maintain directional stability in
emergency stopping situations. With RABS, the rear brakes are kept from
locking during panic stops; however, the front wheels can lock because
they are not controlled by RABS.
A clicking noise and slight pedal pulsation during RABS braking events
indicates the RABS is functioning. Pedal pulsation coupled with clicking
noise while braking under panic conditions on loose gravel, wet or snowy
roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s RABS. If
the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder in the steering wheel
while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
The RABS operates by detecting the onset of rear wheel lockup during
brake applications and compensating for this tendency.
RABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
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Driving
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using RABS
• In an emergency, applying full pressure may cause the front wheels to
lock. If the front brakes lock, the vehicle cannot be steered. You
should apply the brakes with steadily increasing force, as if
“squeezing” the brakes. If you feel the front wheels begin to lock,
momentarily release the pedal and repeat the “squeeze” technique.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with how the RABS
performs. However, avoid unnecessary risks.
Four-wheel anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), a noise
from the hydraulic pump motor and pulsation in the pedal may be
observed during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled with noise
while braking under panic conditions or on loose gravel, bumps, wet or
snowy roads is normal and indicates proper functioning of the vehicle’s
anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or shudder
in the steering wheel while braking, the vehicle should be inspected by a
qualified service technician.
The ABS operates by detecting the
onset of wheel lockup during brake
applications and compensates for
this tendency. The wheels are
prevented from locking even when
the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts
the advantage of an ABS equipped
vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with loss of front braking
traction.
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Driving
ABS warning lamp ABS
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is turned to the ON position. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or continues to flash, the
ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal
!
braking is still effective unless the
BRAKE
brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake
released. (If your brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately.)
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency from the ABS is
required, apply continuous force on the brake. The ABS will be
activated immediately, thus allowing you to retain full steering control
of your vehicle and, providing there is sufficient space, will enable you
to avoid obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time necessary to apply
the brakes or always reduce stopping distance. Always leave enough
room between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with this braking
technique. However, avoid taking any unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking brake whenever
the vehicle is parked. To set the
parking brake, press the parking
brake pedal down until the pedal
stops.
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BRAKE
RELEASE
Driving
The BRAKE warning lamp in the
instrument cluster illuminates and
remains illuminated (when the
ignition is turned ON) until the
parking brake is released.
!
BRAKE
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or in 1 (First) (manual transmission).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a moving vehicle.
However, if the normal brakes fail, the parking brake can be used to stop
your vehicle in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will increase greatly and the
handling of your vehicle will be adversely affected.
BRAKE
Pull the release lever to release the
RELEASE
brake. Driving with the parking
brake on will cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and reduce fuel
economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power steering uses energy
from the engine to help steer the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme right or the extreme left
for more than a few seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the engine is turned
off), you can steer the vehicle manually, but it takes more effort.
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Driving
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could be caused by any of
the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
PREPARING TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE
Utility vehicles have a significantly higher rollover rate than
other types of vehicles.
In a rollover crash, an unbelted person is significantly more likely
to die than a person wearing a seat belt.
Your vehicle has special design and equipment features to make it
capable of performing in a wide variety of circumstances. These special
design features, such as larger tires and increased ground clearance, give
the vehicle a higher center of gravity than a passenger car.
Vehicles with a higher center of gravity such as utility and
four-wheel drive vehicles handle differently than vehicles with a
lower center of gravity. Utility and four-wheel drive vehicles are not
designed for cornering at speeds as high as passenger cars any more
than low-slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under
off-road conditions. Avoid sharp turns, excessive speed and abrupt
maneuvers in these vehicles. Failure to drive cautiously could result in
an increased risk of vehicle rollover, personal injury and death.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling people and cargo may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
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Driving
Use extra caution while becoming familiar with your vehicle. Know the
capabilities and limitations of both you as a driver and your vehicle.
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock feature that prevents
the gearshift lever from being moved from P (Park) when the ignition is
in the ON position unless brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift lever out of P (Park) with ignition in
the ON position and the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to LOCK, then remove the
key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake pedal and shift to N
(Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to move the gearshift lever,
it is possible that a fuse has blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify that the brakelamps
are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be rocked out by
shifting from forward and reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a
steady pattern. Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
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Driving
If the parking brake is fully released, but the brake warning lamp
remains illuminated, the brakes may not be working properly.
See your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with a 4–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
Understanding gearshift positions
P (Park)
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift
lever is latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you
leave your vehicle.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R (Reverse),
the vehicle will move backward.
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in N (Neutral),
the vehicle can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the brake pedal
down while in this gear.
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Driving
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through four.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the gearshift lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in
position. The O/D OFF indicator will illuminate on the instrument
the
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through three.
(Drive)
provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control
To return to
switch. The O/D OFF indicator will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal overdrive mode.
Every time the vehicle is shut off and restarted, you must press the
transmission control switch to cancel overdrive operation if driving in
overdrive is not desired.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades. Transmission operates
only in Second gear.
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Driving
1 (First)
Use 1 (Low) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear, and will
shift to 1 (Low) after vehicle decelerates to the proper speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: third, second or first
gear.
Driving with a 5–speed automatic transmission (if equipped)
Understanding gearshift positions
Hold the brake pedal down while you move the gearshift lever
from P (Park) to another position. If you do not hold the brake
pedal down, your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure someone.
P (Park)
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress the brake pedal,
then move gearshift lever out of P (Park).
Always come to a complete stop
before shifting into P (Park). Make
sure the gearshift lever is securely
latched in P (Park). This position
locks the transmission and prevents
the rear wheels from turning.
Always set the parking brake fully and make sure the gearshift is
latched in P (Park). Turn off the ignition whenever you leave
your vehicle.
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Driving
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift lever in R
(Reverse), the vehicle will move
backward. Always come to a
complete stop before shifting into
and out of R (Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift lever in N
(Neutral), the vehicle can be started
and is free to roll. Hold the brake
pedal down while in this position.
(Overdrive)
The normal driving position for the
best fuel economy. Transmission
operates in gears one through five.
(Overdrive) can be deactivated
by pressing the transmission control
switch on the end of the gearshift
lever.
The transmission control indicator
light (TCIL) will illuminate on the
instrument cluster.
O/D
ON/OFF
O/D
OFF
Drive – Not shown on the display. Activate by pressing the transmission
control switch on the end of the gearshift lever with the gearshift in
(Overdrive) position. The TCIL will illuminate on the instrument
the
cluster. Transmission operates in gears one through four. Drive (O/D
OFF) provides more engine braking than
(Overdrive) and is useful
whenever driving conditions (i.e., city traffic, hilly terrain, etc.) cause the
transmission to excessively shift between
(Overdrive) and other
gears. Deactivate
(Overdrive) when:
• driving with a heavy load.
• towing a trailer up or down steep hills.
• additional engine braking is desired. If towing a trailer, refer to
Driving while you tow in the Trailer Towing chapter.
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Driving
To return to
(Overdrive) mode, press the transmission control
switch. The TCIL will no longer be illuminated.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transmission will automatically
return to normal
(Overdrive) mode.
2 (Second)
Use 2 (Second) to start-up on
slippery roads or to provide
additional engine braking on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) to provide maximum
engine braking on steep
downgrades. Upshifts can be made
by shifting to 2 (Second) or to
(Overdrive). Selecting 1 (Low) at
higher speeds causes the transmission to shift to a lower gear and will
shift to 1 (First) after the vehicle decelerates to the proper vehicle
speed.
Forced Downshifts
To gain acceleration in
(Overdrive) or Drive (O/D OFF) when
passing another vehicle, push the accelerator to the floor. The
transmission will downshift to the appropriate gear: fourth, third, second
or first gear.
Manual transmission operation (if equipped)
Using the clutch
Vehicles equipped with a manual
transmission have a starter interlock
that prevents Starting the engine
unless the clutch pedal is fully
depressed.
When starting a vehicle with a
manual transmission:
1. Hold down the brake pedal.
2. Depress the clutch pedal.
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Driving
3. Put the gearshift lever in N (Neutral).
4. Start the engine and let it idle for a few seconds.
• Put the gearshift lever in 1 (First) or R (Reverse).
5. Release the clutch slowly while pressing gradually down on the
accelerator pedal.
• Do not drive with your foot resting on the clutch pedal. Do not use
the clutch to hold your vehicle at a standstill while waiting on a hill.
These actions may reduce clutch life.
Parking
1. Apply the brake and shift into N
(Neutral).
2. Engage the parking brake.
3. Shift into 1 (First).
4. Turn the ignition to Off.
Do not park your vehicle in Neutral, it may move unexpectedly
and injure someone. Use 1 (First) gear and set the parking brake
fully.
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Driving
Recommended shift speeds
Upshifts when accelerating (for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1-2
14 km/h (10 mph)
5 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
32 km/h (22 mph)
11 km/h (9 mph)
3 -4
50 km/h (33 mph)
19 km/h (13 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
71 km/h (41 mph)
27 km/h (17 mph)
Upshifts when cruising (recommended for best fuel economy)
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
1 -2
16 km/h (10 mph)
6 km/h (4 mph)
2-3
26 km/h (19 mph)
10 km/h (8 mph)
3-4
43 km/h (28 mph)
16 km/h (12 mph)
4 - 5 (Overdrive)
68 km/h (40 mph)
26 km/h (16 mph)
Maximum downshift speeds
Transfer case position (if equipped)
Shift from:
4H
4L
5 (Overdrive) - 4
88 km/h (55 mph)
34 km/h (22 mph)
4-3
72 km/h (45 mph)
27 km/h (18 mph)
3-2
56 km/h (35 mph)
21 km/h (14 mph)
2-1
32 km/h (20 mph)
11 km/h (8 mph)
Reverse
Ensure that the vehicle is at a complete stop before shifting into R
(Reverse). Failure to do so may damage the transmission.
Put the gearshift lever into N and wait at least several seconds before
shifting into R.
You can shift into R (Reverse) only by moving the gearshift lever from
left of 3 (Third) and 4 (Fourth) gears before you shift into R (Reverse).
This is a special lockout feature that protects you from accidentally
shifting into R (Reverse) when you downshift from 5 (Overdrive).
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Driving
FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE (4WD) OPERATION (IF EQUIPPED)
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see Preparing to drive your vehicle in this chapter.
When Four–wheel drive (4WD) is engaged, power is supplied to all four
wheels through a transfer case. 4WD power can be selected when
additional driving power is desired.
If equipped with the Electronic Shift 4WD System, and the
instrument panel control is moved to 4WD Low while the vehicle
is moving, the system will not engage and no damage will occur to
the 4WD system. Before 4WD Low can be engaged, the vehicle
must be brought to a complete stop with the brake pedal
depressed and the transmission placed in neutral (or the clutch
pedal depressed on manual transmissions).
4WD operation is not recommended on dry pavement. Doing so could
result in difficult disengagement of the transfer case, increased tire wear
and decreased fuel economy.
4WD system indicator lights
The 4WD system indicator lights illuminate only under the following
conditions. If these lights illuminate when driving in 2WD, contact your
Ford dealer as soon as possible.
• 4WD HIGH -momentarily
4WD
illuminates when the vehicle is
HIGH
started. Illuminates when 4H
(4WD High) is engaged.
• 4WD LOW –momentarily
4WD
illuminates when the vehicle is
LOW
started. Illuminates when 4L
(4WD Low) is engaged.
Using the electronic shift 4WD system (if equipped)
Positions of the electronic shift system
2WD (2WD High) – Power to rear axle only.
4X4 HIGH (4WD High) – Power delivered to front and rear axles for
increased traction.
4X4 LOW (4WD Low) – Power to front and rear axles at low speeds.
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Driving
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 HIGH (4WD high)
Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH position.
4X4
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
• At temperatures below 0°C
(32°F), shifts from 2WD to 4X4
HIGH should not be performed
above 72 km/h (45 mph).
Do not shift into 4X4 HIGH with
the rear wheels slipping.
Shifting from 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) to 2WD (2WD high)
Move the 4WD control to 2WD
4X4
position at any forward speed.
4X4
HIGH
LOW
2WD
• You do not need to operate the
vehicle in R (Reverse) to
disengage your front hubs.
Shifting from 2WD (2WD high) to 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
LOW position.
4X4
4X4
2WD
120
HIGH
LOW
Driving
Shifting from 4X4 LOW (4WD low) to 2WD (2WD high)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the
2WD position.
4X4
2WD
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Shifting between 4X4 HIGH (4WD high) and 4X4 LOW (4WD low)
1. Bring the vehicle to a stop.
2. Depress the brake.
3. Place the gearshift in N (Neutral) (automatic transmission) or depress
the clutch (manual transmission).
4. Move the 4WD control to the 4X4
HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.
4X4
2WD
HIGH
4X4
LOW
Driving off-road with 4WD
Your vehicle is specially equipped for driving on sand, snow, mud and
rough terrain and has operating characteristics that are somewhat
different from conventional vehicles, both on and off the road.
121
Driving
Maintain steering wheel control at all times, especially in rough terrain.
Since sudden changes in terrain can result in abrupt steering wheel
motion, make sure you grip the steering wheel from the outside. Do not
grip the spokes.
Drive cautiously to avoid vehicle damage from concealed objects such as
rocks and stumps.
You should either know the terrain or examine maps of the area before
driving. Map out your route before driving in the area. For more
information on driving off-road, read the “Four Wheeling” supplement in
your owner’s portfolio.
If your vehicle gets stuck
If the vehicle is stuck it may be rocked out by shifting from forward and
reverse gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern. Press lightly
on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle if the engine is not at normal operating
temperature or damage to the transmission may occur.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes or damage
to the transmission and tires may occur or the engine may
overheat.
Do not spin the wheels at over 56 km/h (35 mph). The tires may
fail and injure a passenger or bystander.
Sand
When driving over sand, try to keep all four wheels on the most solid
area of the trail. Do not reduce the tire pressures but shift to a lower
gear and drive steadily through the terrain. Apply the accelerator slowly
and avoid spinning the wheels.
Mud and water
If you must drive through high water, drive slowly. Traction or brake
capability may be limited.
When driving through water, determine the depth; avoid water higher
than the bottom of the hubs (if possible) and proceed slowly. If the
ignition system gets wet, the vehicle may stall.
Once through water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop the
vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by moving
your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake pedal.
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Driving
After driving through mud, clean off residue stuck to the driveshafts and
tires. Excess mud stuck on tires and rotating driveshafts causes an
imbalance that could damage drive components.
If the transmission, transfer case or front axle are submerged in water,
their fluids should be checked and changed, if necessary.
Water intrusion into the transmission may damage the
transmission.
Replace rear axle lubricant any time the axle has been submerged in
water. The rear axle does not normally require a lubricant change for the
life of the vehicle. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or
changed unless a leak is suspected or repair is required.
Driving on hilly or sloping terrain
When driving on a hill, avoid driving crosswise or turning on steep
slopes. You could lose traction and slip sideways. Drive straight up,
straight down or avoid the hill completely. Know the conditions on the
other side of a hill before driving over the crest.
When climbing a steep hill, start in a lower gear rather than downshifting
to a lower gear from a higher gear once the ascent has started. This
reduces strain on the engine and the possibility of stalling.
When descending a steep hill, avoid sudden braking. Shift to a lower gear
when added engine braking is desired.
When speed control is on and you are driving uphill, your vehicle speed
may drop considerably, especially if you are carrying a heavy load.
If vehicle speed drops more than 16 km/h (10 mph), the speed control
will cancel automatically. Resume speed with accelerator pedal.
If speed control cancels after climbing the hill, reset speed by pressing
and holding the SET ACCEL button (to resume speeds over 50 km/h [30
mph]).
Automatic transmissions may shift frequently while driving up steep
(Overdrive) into
grades. Eliminate frequent shifting by shifting out of
a lower gear.
Driving on snow and ice
A 4WD vehicle has advantages over 2WD vehicles in snow and ice but
can skid like any other vehicle.
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Driving
Avoid sudden applications of power and quick changes of direction on
snow and ice. Apply the accelerator slowly and steadily when starting
from a full stop.
When braking, apply the brakes as you normally would. In order to allow
the anti-lock brake system (ABS) to operate properly, keep steady
pressure on the brake pedal.
Allow more stopping distance and drive slower than usual. Consider
using one of the lower gears.
TRACTION-LOK AXLE (IF EQUIPPED)
This axle provides added traction on slippery surfaces, particularly when
one wheel is on a poor traction surface. Under normal conditions, the
Traction-Lok axle functions like a standard rear axle.
Extended use of other than the manufacturer’s specified size tires on a
Traction-Lok rear axle could result in a permanent reduction in
effectiveness. This loss of effectiveness does not affect normal driving
and should not be noticeable to the driver.
To avoid injury, never run the engine with one wheel off the
ground, such as when changing a tire.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water, especially if the depth is
unknown. Traction or brake capability may be limited and if the ignition
system gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also enter your
engine’s air intake and severely damage your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is unavoidable, proceed very
slowly. Never drive through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (for trucks) or the bottom of the wheel rims (for cars).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet brakes do not stop
the vehicle as effectively as dry brakes. Drying can be improved by
moving your vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the brake
pedal.
Driving through deep water where the transmission vent tube is
submerged may allow water into the transmission and cause
internal transmission damage.
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Driving
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle including any standard
equipment, fluids, lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of cargo, passengers
and optional equipment. The payload equals the gross vehicle weight
rating minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight plus payload
weight. The GVW is not a limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating): Maximum total weight of
the base vehicle, passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying capacity for each axle
system. The GAWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on the
Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined weight of the
towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating): Maximum combined
weight of towing vehicle (including passengers and cargo) and the
trailer. The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight that the
vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum weight of a trailer the
vehicle is permitted to tow. The maximum trailer weight rating is
determined by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each engine/
transmission combination, any required option weight for trailer
towing and the weight of the driver from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: Maximum weight of a trailer the loaded
vehicle (including passengers and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is
determined by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer towing
vehicle from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range that the trailer must
fall within that ranges from zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your loaded trailer when
figuring the total weight.
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Driving
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load carrying capacities than the
originals because they may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit than the originals do
not increase the GVWR and GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of the driver’s door,
lists several important vehicle weight rating limitations. Before adding
any additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If you are adding
weight to the front of your vehicle, (potentially including weight added
to the cab), the weight added should not exceed the front axle reserve
capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight may be added to the front
axle reserve capacity provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the total weight
added is equal to or less than the total axle reserve capacity (TARC)
weight. You should NEVER exceed the total axle reserve capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo and equipment being
carried is within the weight limitations that have been established for
your vehicle including both gross vehicle weight and Front and rear
gross axle weight rating limits. Under no circumstance should these
limitations be exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating limitation
could result in serious damage to the vehicle and/or personal injury.
Special loading instructions for owners of pickup trucks and
utility-type vehicles
For important information regarding safe operation of this type
of vehicle, see the Preparing to drive your vehicle section in
the Driving chapter of this owner guide.
Loaded vehicles, with a higher center of gravity, may handle
differently than unloaded vehicles. Extra precautions, such as
slower speeds and increased stopping distance, should be taken when
driving a heavily loaded vehicle.
Your vehicle has the capability to haul more cargo and people than most
passenger cars. Depending upon the type and placement of the load,
hauling cargo and people may raise the center of gravity of the vehicle.
126
Driving
Calculating the load your vehicle can carry/tow
1. Use the appropriate maximum gross combined weight rating (GCWR)
chart to find the maximum GCWR for your type engine and rear axle ratio.
2. Weigh your vehicle as you customarily operate the vehicle without
cargo. To obtain correct weights, try taking your vehicle to a shipping
company or an inspection station for trucks.
3. Subtract your loaded vehicle weight from the maximum GCWR on the
following charts. This is the maximum trailer weight your vehicle can tow
and must fall below the maximum shown under maximum trailer weight
on the chart.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle may tow a class I, II or III trailer provided the maximum
trailer weight is less than or equal to the maximum trailer weight listed
for your engine and rear axle ratio on the following charts.
Your vehicle’s load capacity is designated by weight, not by volume, so
you cannot necessarily use all available space when loading a vehicle.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your vehicle’s engine,
transmission, axle, brakes, tires and suspension. Inspect these
components carefully after any towing operation.
127
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 manual transmission)
Engine Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
(0-maximum)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L
3.73 2 177
0-717
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 580)
area of base
vehicle
0-717
Equal to frontal
2.5L
4.10 2 177
(4 800)
(0-1 580)
area of base
vehicle
3.0L
3.73 2 721
0-1 207
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 660)
(50)
3.0L
4.10 2 721
0-1 179
4.64
Torsion
(6 000)
(0-2 600)
(50)
Bar
Suspension
4.0L
3.55 3 175
0-1 633
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 600)
(50)
SuperCab 4x2
2.5L
3.73 2 177
0-617
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 360)
area of base
vehicle
2.5L
4.10 2 177
0-617
Equal to frontal
(4 800)
(0-1 360)
area of base
vehicle
3.0L
3.73 2 271
0-1 116
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 460)
(50)
4.0L
3.55 3 175
0-1 542
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 400)
(50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
128
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 manual transmission)
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Trailer tow table (4x4 manual transmission)
Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Cab
3.0L
3.73 2 721
0-1 089
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 400)
(50)
3.0L
4.10 2 721
0-1 089
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 400)
(50)
4.0L
3.73 3 175
0-1 515
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 340)
(50)
4.0L 4.10
3 175
0-1 515
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 340)
(50)
SuperCab
3.0L
3.73 2 721
0-998
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 200)
(50)
3.0L 4.10
2 721
0-998
4.64
(6 000)
(0-2 200)
(50)
4.0L
3.73 3 175
0-1 433
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 160)
(50)
4.0L
4.10 3 175
0-1 433
4.64
(7 000)
(0-3 160)
(50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the completed
towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and the loaded
trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR).
Engine
129
Driving
Trailer towing table (4x2 automatic transmission)
Engine Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
(0-maximum)
Regular Cab 4x2
2.5L
4.10 2 494
0-989
Equal to frontal
(5 500)
(2 180)
area of base
vehicle
0-1 869
4.64
3.0L
3.73 3 401
(7 500)
(0-4 120)
(50)
3.0L
4.10 3 401
0-1 842
4.64
Torsion
(7 500)
(0-4 060)
(50)
Bar
Suspension
4.0L
4 309
0-2 749
4.64
(9 500)
(0-6 060)
(50)
SuperCab 4x2
3.0L
3.73 3 401
0-1 778
4.64
(7 500)
(0-3 920)
(50)
4.0L
3.55 4 309
0-2 658
4.64
(9 500)
(0-5 860)
(50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table see Vehicle Loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your particular
vehicle, see Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
130
3.55
Driving
Trailer tow table (4x4 automatic transmission)
Engine Rear
Maximum
Maximum
Maximum
axle
GCWR-kg
trailer
frontal area of
ratio
(lbs.)
weight-kg (lbs.) trailer-m2 (ft2)
Regular Cab
3.0L
3.73 3 401
0-1 751
4.64
(7 500)
(0-3 860)
(50)
3.0L
4.10 3 628
0-1 978
4.64
(8 000)
(0-4 360)
(50)
4.0L
3.73 4 309
0-2 631
4.64
(9 500)
(0-5 800)
(50)
4.0L
4.10 4 309
0-2 631
4.64
(9 500)
(0-5 800)
(50)
SuperCab
3.0L
3.73 3 401
0-1 660
4.64
(7 500)
(0-3 660)
(50)
3.0L
4.10 3 628
0-1 887
4.64
(8 000)
(0-4 160)
(50)
4.0L
3.73 4 309
0-2 549
4.64
(9 500)
(5 620)
(50)
4.0L
4.10 4 309
0-2 549
4.64
(9 500)
(0-5 620)
(50)
For high altitude operation, reduce GCW by 2% per 300 meters (1 000
ft.) of elevation.
For definition of terms used in this table, see Vehicle loading earlier
in this chapter.
To determine maximum trailer weight designed for your vehicle, see
Calculating the load earlier in this chapter.
Maximum trailer weight is shown. The combined weight of the
completed towing vehicle (including hitch, passengers and cargo) and
the loaded trailer must not exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR specified on the
certification label.
131
Driving
Towing trailers beyond the maximum recommended gross trailer
weight could result in engine damage, transmission/axle damage,
structural damage, loss of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and make sure it is
properly attached to your vehicle. See your dealer or a reliable trailer
dealer if you require assistance.
Hitches
For towing trailers up to 907 kg (2 000 lb), use a weight carrying hitch
and ball which uniformly distributes the trailer tongue loads through the
underbody structure. Use a frame-mounted weight distrubuting hitch for
trailers over 907 kg (2 000 lb).
Do not install a single or multi-clamp type bumper hitch, or a hitch
which attaches to the axle. Underbody mounted hitches are acceptable if
they are installed properly. Follow the towing instructions of a reputable
rental agency.
Whenever a trailer hitch and hardware are removed, make sure all
mounting holes in the underbody are properly sealed to prevent noxious
gases or water from entering.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the frame or hook retainers
of the vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross the chains
under the trailer tongue and allow slack for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that the rental agency
gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type trailer brakes are
safe if installed properly and adjusted to the manufacturer’s
specifications. The trailer brakes must meet local and Federal
regulations.
132
Driving
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake system directly to your
vehicle’s brake system. Your vehicle may not have enough
braking power and your chances of having a collision greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for operation at the
GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles. Make sure your
trailer lamps conform to local and Federal regulations. See your dealer or
trailer rental agency for proper instructions and equipment for hooking
up trailer lamps.
Using a step bumper
The optional step bumper is equipped with an integral hitch and requires
only a ball with a 19 mm (3/4 inch) shank diameter. The bumper has a
907 kg (2 000 lb.) trailer weight and 91 kg (200 lb.) tongue weight
capability.
The rated capcities (as shown in this guide) for trailer towing with the
factory bumper are only valid when the trailer hitch ball is installed
directly into the ball hole in the bumper. Addition of bracketry to either
lower the ball hitch position or extend the ball hitch rearward will
significantly increase the loads on the bumper and its attachments. This
can result in the failure of the bumper or the bumper attachments. Use
of any type of hitch extensions should be considered abuse.
Trailer tow connector
The trailer tow connector is located under the rear bumper, on the
driver’s side of the vehicle.
Refer to the following chart for
information regarding the
factory-equipped trailer tow
connector:
1
2
4
3
133
Driving
Trailer tow connector
Color
Function
1. Dark Green
Trailer right
hand turn signal
2. Yellow
Trailer left hand
turn signal
3. Tan/White
Tail lamp
4. White
Ground
Comment
Circuit activated when brake
pedal is depressed or when
ignition is on and right hand turn
signal is applied.
Circuit activated when brake
pedal is depressed or when
ignition is on and left hand turn
signal is applied.
Relay controlled circuit activated
when the park lamps/headlamps
are on.
Matching vehicle circuit returns to
battery’s negative ground.
Driving while you tow
When towing a trailer:
• Ensure that you turn off your speed control. The speed control may
shut off automatically when you are towing on long, steep grades.
• Consult your local motor vehicle speed regulations for towing a trailer.
• Use a lower gear when towing up or down steep hills. This will
eliminate excessive downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transmission cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Exceeding the GCWR rating may cause internal transmission
damage and void your warranty coverage.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle will require more
frequent service intervals. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance guide
for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an area before starting on
a trip to get the feel of the vehicle trailer combination. When turning,
make wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs and other
obstacles.
134
Driving
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be no more than 10–15% of the
loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles), thoroughly check your
hitch, electrical connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in hot weather, place
the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmissions) or N (Neutral)
(manual transmissions). This aids engine cooling and air conditioner
efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a grade. If you must
park on a grade, place wheel chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Launching or retrieving a boat
When backing down a ramp during boat launching or retrieval,
• Do not allow the static water level to rise above the bottom edge of
the rear bumper and
• Do not allow waves to break higher than 15 cm (6 inches) above the
bottom edge of the rear bumper.
Exceeding these limits may allow water to enter critical vehicle
components, adversely affecting driveability, emissions, reliability and
causing internal transmission damage.
Replace the rear axle lubricant anytime the axle has been submerged in
water. Rear axle lubricant quantities are not to be checked or changed
unless a leak is suspected or repair required.
Disconnect the wiring to the trailer before backing the trailer into the
water. Reconnect the wiring to the trailer after the trailer is removed
from the water.
135
Driving
Recreational towing
Follow these guidelines if you have a need for recreational towing. An
example of recreational towing would be towing your vehicle behind a
motorhome. These guidelines are designed to ensure that your
transmission is not damaged.
4x2 and 4x4 vehicles equipped with manual transmissions
Before you have your vehicle towed:
• Release the parking brake.
• Move the gearshift to N (Neutral).
• Turn the key in the ignition to the OFF/UNLOCKED position.
• The maximum recommended speed is 88 km/h (55 mph).
• The maximum recommended distance is unlimited.
In addition, it is recommended that you follow the instructions
provided by the after market manufacturer of the towing
apparatus if one has been installed.
4x2 and 4x4 vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions
For all cars, 4x2 truck/sports utility with automatic transmissions, or 4x4
truck/sport utility with manual transfer cases and automatic
transmissions, follow these guidelines for recreational towing:
• Release the parking brake.
• Turn the key in the ignition to the OFF/UNLOCKED position.
• Place the transmission in N (Neutral).
• Do not exceed a distance of 80 km (50 miles).
• Do not exceed 56 km/h (35 mph) vehicle speed.
If a distance of 80 km (50 miles) or a speed of 56 km/h (35 mph) must
be exceeded, you must disconnect the driveshaft. Ford recommends the
driveshaft be removed/installed only by a qualified technician. See your
local dealer for driveshaft removal/installation.
Improper removal/installation of the driveshaft can cause
transmission fluid loss, damage to the driveshaft and internal
transmission components.
CAMPER BODIES
Your Ranger Pickup is not recommended for slide–in camper bodies.
136
Roadside emergencies
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle concern, Ford offers a
complimentary roadside assistance program. This program is separate
from the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New Vehicle Limited
Warranty period (U.S.) of three years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles),
whichever comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and four years or
80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln vehicles
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing of your disabled vehicle to the nearest Ford dealership, or your
selling dealer if within 25 kms (15.5 miles) of the nearest Ford
Dealership (one tow per disablement). Even non-warranty related
tows, like accidents or getting stuck in the mud or snow, are covered
(some exclusions apply, such as impound towing or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card and place it in your
wallet for quick reference. In the United States, this card is found in the
Owner Guide portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles and is
mailed to you if you own a Mercury or Lincoln. In Canada, it is found in
the Roadside Assistance book in the glove compartment.
To receive roadside assistance in the United States for Ford or Mercury
vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call
1–800–521–4140. In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange roadside assistance for yourself, Ford will
reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain information about
reimbursement, call 1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
Call 1–800–665–2006 in Canada.
137
Roadside emergencies
Roadside coverage beyond basic warranty
In the United States, you may purchase additional roadside assistance
coverage beyond this period through the Ford Auto Club by contacting
your Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealer.
Similarly in Canada, you may purchase additional coverage beyond the
basic coverage period by consulting the Ford Roadside Assistance Club
brochure or by calling 1–877–294–CLUB (1–877–894–2582).
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle breakdown,
approaching danger, etc. The hazard flashers can be operated when the
ignition is off.
• The hazard lights control is
located on top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard lights control to
activate all hazard flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the
flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
The fuel pump shut-off switch is a device intended to stop the electric
fuel pump when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not start, the fuel pump
shut-off switch may have been activated. The “Fuel Reset” indicator light
will illuminate in the instrument cluster.
138
Roadside emergencies
The fuel pump shut-off switch is
located in the passenger’s foot well,
by the kick panel.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump shut-off switch by
pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a few seconds and
return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
139
Roadside emergencies
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical components in the
vehicle are not working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown fuses are
identified by a broken wire within
the fuse. Check the appropriate
fuses before replacing any electrical
components.
15
Always replace a fuse with one that has the specified amperage
rating. Using a fuse with a higher amperage rating can cause
severe wire damage and could start a fire.
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
Grey
Violet
Pink
Tan
Brown
Red
Blue
Yellow
Natural
Green
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Yellow
—
Green
Orange
Red
Blue
Tan
Natural
140
Cartridge
Fuse Link
Maxi
Cartridge
Fuses
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Pink
Pink
Green
Green
Red
Red
—
Yellow
—
Brown
—
Black
Roadside emergencies
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located on the left
hand side of the instrument panel
facing the driver’s side door. Pull the
panel cover outward to access the
fuses.
28
24
20
16
12
8
4
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided on the fuse panel
cover.
36
7
11
15
19
23
27
6
10
14
18
22
26
30
32
9
13
17
21
25
29
31
5
3
33
1
34
2
35
141
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
142
Fuse Amp
Passenger Compartment
Rating
Fuse Panel Description
7.5A
Power Mirror Switch
7.5A
Blower Motor Relay, PAD Module, Air Bag
Diagnostic Monitor
7.5A
Left Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
10A
Left Headlamp
—
Not Used
15A
Overdrive, Back-up Lamps, DRL, 4x4
7.5A
Right Stop/Turn Trailer Tow Connector
10A
Right Headlamp, Fog Lamp Relay
7.5A
Brake Pedal Position Switch
7.5A
Speed Control Servo/Amplifier Assembly,
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Shift
Lock Actuator, Blend Door Actuator,
A/C-Heater Assembly, Turn Signals
7.5A
Instrument Cluster, Daytime Running
Lights (DRL), RABS Resistor
—
Not Used
20A
Brake Pedal Position Switch
20A or 10A 20A: If equipped with Rear Anti-Lock Brake
System (RABS) Module.
10A: If equipped with 4 Wheel Anti-Lock
Brake System (4WABS) Module, 4WABS
Main Relay
7.5A
Air Bag Indicator Lamp, Alternator
Indicator Lamp
30A
Windshield Wiper Motor, Wiper Hi-Lo Relay,
Wiper Run/Park Relay
25A
Cigar Lighter, Data Link Connector (DLC)
15A
Driver’s Unlock Relay, All-Unlock Relay,
All-Lock Relay
25A
PCM Power Diode, Ignition, PATS
7.5A
RAP Module, Generic Electronic Module
(GEM), Radio
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
21
22
23
24
Fuse Amp
Rating
15A
20A
—
7.5A
25
26
—
10A
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
—
7.5A
15A
10A
—
—
15A
34
35
36
—
—
—
Passenger Compartment
Fuse Panel Description
Flasher (Hazard)
Auxiliary Power Socket
Not Used
Clutch Pedal Position (CPP) switch, Starter
Interrupt Relay, Anti-Theft
Not Used
Battery Saver Relay, Electronic Shift Relay,
Interior Lamp Relay, Power Window Relay,
Electronic Shift Control Module, Dome/Map
Lamp, GEM, Instrument Cluster
Not Used
Generic Electronic Module (GEM), Radio
Radio
RABS Test Connector
Not Used
Not Used
Headlamps, Daytime Running Lamps (DRL)
Module, Instrument Cluster
Not Used
Not Used
Not Used
143
Roadside emergencies
Power distribution box
The power distribution box is
located in the engine compartment.
The power distribution box contains
high-current fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before servicing high current
fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power Distribution Box before
reconnecting the battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
If the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, refer to the
Battery section of the Maintenance and care chapter.
144
Roadside emergencies
9
1
2
2
14
10
8
5
4
8
12
5
4
1
7
3
3
7
4
11
12
3
15
2
6
10
2
14
6
1
13
13
1
5
9
1
11
125
MEGAFUSE
The high-current fuses are coded as follows:
Fuse/Relay
Location
1
2
3
4
5
Fuse Amp
Power Distribution Box Description
Rating
50A**
I/P Fuse Panel
40A**
Blower Motor Relay
50A**
4 Wheel Anti-Lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
20A**
Power Windows
50A**
Ignition Switch, Starter Relay
1
2
3
10A*
—
20A*
4
5
6
7
20A*
15A
10A*
30A*
8
30A*
A/C Relay
Not Used
Electronic Shift Relay and Electronic Shift
Control Module
Fog Lamp and Daytime Running Lamps
Trailer Tow Park Lamps
Powertrain Control Module
4 Wheel Anti-lock Brake System (4WABS)
Module
PCM Relay
145
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay
Location
9
10
11
12
13
Fuse Amp
Rating
20A*
15A*
15A*
30A*
15A*
Power Distribution Box Description
14
15
30A*
—
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Wiper Park Relay
A/C Relay
Wiper Hi/Lo Relay
PCM Power Relay
Fuel Pump Relay
Starter Relay
Horn Relay
Fog Lamp Control Relay
Blower Motor Relay
Foglamp Isolation Relay
Not Used
Not Used
Park Lamp/Trailer Tow Relay
Washer Pump Relay
1
—
RABS Resistor
Fuel Pump Relay and RAP Module
Horn Relay
Parklamps Relay and Main Light Switch
Main Light Switch and Multifunction Switch
Heated Oxygen Sensor, EGR Vacuum
Regulator, EVR Solenoid, Camshaft Position
Sensor (CMP), Canister Vent Solenoid
Alternator Voltage Regulator
Not Used
1
—
RABS Diode
2
—
Electronic Engine Controls Diode
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
146
Roadside emergencies
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the brake heavily.
Instead, gradually decrease your speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly
and slowly move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
Your vehicle may have a temporary or conventional spare tire. The
temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled as such. It is smaller than
a regular tire and is designed for emergency use only. Replace this tire
with a full-size tire as soon as possible.
It is not recommended that the vehicle be operated in 4WD modes with
a temporary spare. If 4WD operation is necessary, do not operate above
speeds of 16 km/h (10 mph) or for distances above 80 km (50 miles).
If you use the temporary spare tire continuously or do not follow
these precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose control
of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load rating listed on the
Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of the vehicle’s reduced
ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Conventional spare tire information
If you have the conventional spare tire, you can use it as a spare or a
regular tire. The spare is identical to the other tires on your vehicle,
although the wheel may not match.
147
Roadside emergencies
Location of the spare tire and tools
The spare tire and tools for your vehicle are stowed in the following
locations:
Tool
Spare tire
Location
Under the vehicle, just forward of the rear
bumper
Jack, jack handle,
Regular Cab: behind seats and underneath the
wheel nut wrench
jack and tools cover
SuperCab: stowed in the passenger side rear
cab compartment or behind the jump seat in a
separate tool bag
Four-door models: stowed behind the front
seats, between jump seats and underneath
jack and tools cover.
Key, spare tire lock (if In the glove box
equipped)
Removing the spare tire
1. Assemble the jack handle to the lug wrench as shown in the
illustrations.
When connecting the jack handle, assemble the following:
• one handle extension and one
typical extension. To assemble,
slide parts together. To
disconnect, depress button and
pull apart.
• one wheel nut wrench. Depress
button and slide together.
148
Roadside emergencies
2. If equipped, unlock and remove
the spare tire carrier lock from the
rear access hole located just above
the rear bumper and below the
tailgate.
3. Insert the straight end of the jack
handle into the rear access hole
located just above the rear bumper
and below the tailgate.
Forward motion will stop and
resistance to turning will be felt
when properly engaged.
4. Turn the handle counterclockwise
until tire is lowered to the ground
and the cable is slightly slack.
5. Remove the retainer from the spare tire.
Stowing the spare tire
1. Lay the tire on the ground with the valve stem facing up.
2. Install the retainer through the
wheel center and slide the wheel
under the vehicle.
3. Turn the spare handle clockwise
until the tire is raised to its original
position underneath the vehicle. The
spare handle ratchets when the tire
is raised to the stowed position. It
will not allow you to overtighten.
149
Roadside emergencies
4. If your vehicle is equipped with P265/75 R15 AT tires, do not stow a
flat or inflated full size spare tire in the spare tire carrier. The flat full
size tire should be stowed and tied down in the pickup box bed until it
can be repaired.
5. If removed, install the spare tire carrier lock on the access hole above
the bumper.
Tire change procedure
To prevent the vehicle from moving when you change a tire, be
sure the parking brake is set, then block (in both directions) the
wheel that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of the vehicle) to
the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or someone else could be
seriously injured.
1. Park on a level surface, activate
hazard flashers and place gearshift
lever in P (Park) (automatic
transmission) or 1 (First) (manual
transmission).
2. Set the parking brake and turn
engine OFF.
3. Block the diagonally opposite
wheel.
150
Roadside emergencies
4. Insert tapered end of the lug
wrench behind hub caps and twist
them off.
5. Loosen each wheel lug nut
one-half turn counterclockwise but
do not remove them until the wheel
is raised off the ground.
6. Position the jack according to the
following guides and turn the jack
handle clockwise until the tire is a
maximum of 25 mm (1 inch) off the ground.
• Front
• Rear
151
Roadside emergencies
To lessen the risk of
personal injury, do not put
any part of your body under the
vehicle while changing a tire. Do
not start the engine when your
vehicle is on the jack. The jack is
only meant for changing the tire.
• Never use the differential as a
jacking point.
7. Remove the wheel lug nuts with the lug wrench.
8. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making sure the valve stem is
facing outward. Reinstall the lug nuts until the wheel is snug against the
hub. Do not fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been lowered.
9. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle counterclockwise.
10. Remove the jack and fully
1
tighten the lug nuts in the order
shown.
11. Stow the flat tire. Refer to
3
4
Stowing the spare tire.
12. Stow the jack and lug wrench.
Make sure the jack is fastened so it
does not rattle when you drive.
5
2
13. Unblock the wheels.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if exposed to flames,
sparks, or lit cigarettes. An explosion could result in injury or
vehicle damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could damage the catalytic
converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can burn skin, eyes, and
clothing, if contacted.
152
Roadside emergencies
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle. Automatic
transmissions do not have push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled vehicle as this could
damage the vehicle’s electrical system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the disabled vehicle
making sure the two vehicles do not touch. Set the parking brake on
both vehicles and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other moving
parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any excessive corrosion before
you attach the battery cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect any electrical
surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the positive (+) terminal of
the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used to designate the
assisting (boosting) battery.
153
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to the positive (+)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-) terminal of the
assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-) cable to an exposed
metal part of the stalled vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. Do not use fuel lines, engine rocker
covers or the intake manifold as grounding points.
154
Roadside emergencies
Do not connect the end of the second cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the battery to be jumped. A spark may cause an
explosion of the gases that surround the battery.
5. Ensure that the cables are clear of fan blades, belts, moving parts of
both engines, or any fuel delivery system parts.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run the engine at
moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run both engines for an
additional three minutes before disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order that they were
connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal surface.
155
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-) connection of the
booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the booster
vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+) terminal of the
disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the jumper cables
removed, allow it to idle for several minutes so the engine computer can
relearn its idle conditions.
156
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a professional towing
service or, if you are a member, your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a wheel lift or flatbed
equipment. Do not tow with a slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not
approved a slingbelt towing procedure.
On 4x2 vehicles, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels
on the ground and the rear wheels off the ground.
On 4x4 vehicles, it is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift and dollies or flatbed equipment with all the wheels off the
ground.
If the vehicle is towed by other means or incorrectly, vehicle
damage may occur.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for all authorized tow
truck operators. Have your tow truck operator refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
157
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine compartment for easy
location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which makes tracking
routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your dealership can provide
necessary parts and service. Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out
which parts and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and service parts
conforming to specifications. Motorcraft parts are designed and built to
provide the best performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, make sure that loose clothing, jewelry or
long hair does not get caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running in an enclosed
space, unless you are sure you have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit material away from
the battery and all fuel related parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must “relearn” its idle
conditions before your vehicle will drive properly, as explained in Battery
in this chapter.
Working with the engine off
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake.
2. Depress the clutch and place the gearshift in 1 (First).
158
Maintenance and care
3. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
4. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
• Automatic transmission:
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
• Manual transmission:
1. Set the parking brake, depress the clutch and place the gearshift in N
(Neutral).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner removed and do
not remove it while the engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle, pull the hood
release handle located under the
bottom of the instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of the vehicle and
release the auxiliary latch that is
located under the front center of
the hood.
3. Lift the hood and support it with
the prop rod.
159
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT
2.5L I4 engine
1
2
3
11
4
10
5
9
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Brake fluid reservoir
6. Power distribution box
7. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
8. Battery
9. Power steering fluid reservoir
10. Engine oil filler cap
11. Air filter assembly
160
8
6
7
Maintenance and care
3.0L V6 engine
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
11
10
9
1. Engine coolant reservoir
2. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
3. Engine oil filler cap
4. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
5. Engine oil dipstick
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Clutch fluid reservoir
9. Battery
10. Power steering fluid reservoir
11. Air filter assembly
161
Maintenance and care
4.0L OHV V6 engine
1
11
2
3
4
5
10
1. Windshield washer fluid reservoir
2. Engine oil filler cap
3. Transmission fluid dipstick (automatic transmission)
4. Engine oil dipstick
5. Power steering fluid reservoir
6. Brake fluid reservoir
7. Power distribution box
8. Clutch fluid reservoir (manual transmission)
9. Battery
10. Air filter assembly
11. Engine coolant reservoir
162
6
7
8
9
Maintenance and care
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals
for checking the engine oil.
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for the oil to drain into the
oil pan.
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park) (automatic transmissions) or 1 (First) (manual transmissions).
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully remove the
engine oil level indicator (dipstick).
ADD 1QT
FULL
MIN
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully, then remove it
again.
• If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL marks or between
the MIN and MAX marks (depending on application), the oil
level is acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
163
Maintenance and care
• If the oil level is below the ADD
mark or MIN mark, add enough
oil to raise the level within the
ADD-FULL range or MIN-MAX
range.
• Oil levels above the letter F in FULL or the MAX mark may cause
engine damage. Some oil must be removed from the engine by a
service technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully seated.
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to Checking the engine
oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal range, add only certified
engine oil of the recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler cap
and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil level is not above the
MAX mark or the letter F in FULL on the engine oil level indicator
(dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the filler cap clockwise
until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the vehicle with the
engine oil level indicator and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
164
Maintenance and care
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this certification
trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline engines by the American
Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API certification trademark will meet all
requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil treatments or engine
treatments. They are unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the appropriate schedule
listed in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil filters are designed for
added engine protection and long life. If a replacement oil filter is used
that does not meet Ford material and design specifications, start-up
engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate Motorcraft oil filter (or
another brand meeting Ford specifications) for your engine application.
165
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be checked and
refilled as needed. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt or water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the fluid level.
3. If necessary, add brake fluid from
a clean un-opened container until
MAX
the level reaches MAX. Do not fill
above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid
certified to meet Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant specifications
in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if
irritation persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting.
Seek medical attention immediately.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3, you will cause
permanent damage to your brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master cylinder run dry. This
may cause the brakes to fail.
166
Maintenance and care
CLUTCH FLUID (IF EQUIPPED)
Check the clutch fluid level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide
for the service interval schedules.
During normal operation, the fluid level in the clutch reservoir should
remain constant. If the fluid level drops, refill the fluid level to the step
in the reservoir.
Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid designed to meet Ford specifications. Refer
to Capacities and specifications.
Brake fluid is toxic. If brake fluid contacts the eyes, flush eyes
with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical if irritation
persists. If taken internally, drink water and induce vomiting. Seek
medical attention immediately.
1. Clean the reservoir cap before
removal to prevent dirt and water
from entering the reservoir.
2. Remove cap and rubber
diaphragm from reservoir.
3. Add fluid until the level reaches
the step in the reservoir.
4. Reinstall rubber diaphragm and
cap onto reservoir.
167
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
SHER FL
WA
UID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid whenever
you stop for fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add enough fluid
to fill the reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the reservoir all
the way.
ON LY
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
Only use a washer fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to
Lubricant specifications in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
State or local regulations on volatile organic compounds may restrict the
use of methanol, a common windshield washer antifreeze additive.
Washer fluids containing non-methanol antifreeze agents should be used
only if they provide cold weather protection without damaging the
vehicle’s paint finish, wiper blades or washer system.
Do not put washer fluid in the engine coolant reservoir. Washer
fluid placed in the cooling system may harm engine and cooling
system components.
ENGINE COOLANT
Checking engine coolant
Your engine’s cooling system has been factory-filled with a 50/50 mixture
of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10), or an equivalent premium engine coolant
that meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
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Maintenance and care
A 50/50 mixture of distilled water and Ford Premium Engine Coolant
provides:
• maximum cooling system efficiency.
• freeze protection down to -36° C (-34° F).
• boiling protection up to 129° C (265° F).
• protection against rust and other forms of corrosion.
• an accurate temperature readout from the engine coolant gauge.
The engine coolant must be maintained at the correct fluid level
and concentration to work properly. If the engine coolant fluid
level and concentration is not maintained correctly, damage to
the engine and cooling system may result.
When the engine is cold, check the
level of the engine coolant in the
reservoir.
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ONLY
• The engine coolant should be at the “cold fill level” or within the “cold
fill range” as listed on the engine coolant reservoir (depending upon
application).
• Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for service interval
schedules.
• Be sure to read and understand Precautions when servicing your
vehicle in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the recommended interval,
the engine coolant reservoir may become low or empty. If the reservoir is
low or empty, add engine coolant to the reservoir. Refer to Adding
engine coolant in this chapter.
169
Maintenance and care
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use engine
coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid outside of its
specified function and vehicle location.
Adding engine coolant
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant E2FZ-19549-AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a premium engine coolant that
meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44-A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine Coolant
F6AZ-19544-AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant or an equivalent
engine coolant that meets Ford specification WSS-M97B44-D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any engine
coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives in your vehicle.
These additives may harm your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and conventional coolant
together in your vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components and may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system. If you are unsure which type of coolant
your vehicle requires, contact your local dealer.
Do not put engine coolant in the windshield washer fluid
reservoir. If engine coolant is sprayed onto the windshield, it
could make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
distilled water to the engine coolant reservoir, until the coolant is at the
“cold fill level” or within the “ cold fill range” as listed in the engine
coolant reservoir (depending upon application).
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• Engine coolant concentrations above 60% or below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
170
Maintenance and care
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you must replace it with
a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the reservoir before you drive your vehicle the
next few times (with the engine cool). If necessary, add a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water to the engine coolant
reservoir until the coolant level is at the “cold fill level” or within the
“cold fill range” as listed on the reservoir (depending upon application).
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system for leaks if you have
to add more than 1.0 liter (1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
To avoid scalding hot steam or coolant from being released from
the engine cooling system, never remove the radiator cap while
the engine is running or hot. Failure to follow this warning may result
in damage to the engine’s cooling system and possible severe personal
injury.
If you must remove the radiator cap, follow these steps to avoid personal
injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth around the cap. Slowly
turn cap counterclockwise until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been released, use the
cloth to turn it counterclockwise and remove the cap.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends the use of a recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant which meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44-A. Use of a recycled engine coolant which
does not meet the Ford specification may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a responsible manner.
Follow your community’s regulations and standards for recycling and
disposing of automotive fluids.
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Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling system can hold, refer
to Refill capacities in the Capacities and specifications chapter.
Fill your engine coolant reservoir as outlined in Adding engine coolant
in this chapter.
Severe climates
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than –36° C [–34° F]):
• it may be necessary to increase the coolant concentration
above 50%.
• NEVER increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
• increased engine coolant concentrations above 60% will
decrease the overheat protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
freeze protection at the temperatures in which you drive in the
winter months.
If you drive in extremely hot climates:
• it is still necessary to maintain the coolant concentration
above 40%.
• NEVER decrease the coolant concentration below 40%.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the corrosion protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• decreased engine coolant concentrations below 40% will
decrease the freeze protection characteristics of the engine
coolant and may cause engine damage.
• refer to the chart on the coolant container to ensure the
coolant concentration in your vehicle will provide adequate
protection at the temperatures in which you drive.
Vehicles driven year-round in non-extreme climates should use a 50/50
mixture of engine coolant and distilled water for optimum cooling system
and engine protection.
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Maintenance and care
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING FLUID
Check the power steering fluid.
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for the service interval
schedules. If adding fluid is
necessary, use only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches normal operating
temperature (the engine coolant temperature gauge indicator will be
near the center of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel left and right several
times.
3. Turn the engine off.
4. Check the fluid level on the dipstick. It should be between the arrows
in the FULL HOT range. Do not add fluid if the level is within this range.
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts, continuously checking
the level until it reaches the FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the
dipstick back in the reservoir.
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for scheduled intervals for
fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid.
However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not
working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an
accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is at normal operating
temperature (approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your vehicle has been
173
Maintenance and care
operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off for about 30
minutes to allow fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it reaches normal operating
temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal,
start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear
ranges. Allow sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If
necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment
in this chapter for the location of the dipstick.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in
the designated area for normal operating temperature or ambient
temperature.
Low fluid level
Do not drive the vehicle if the fluid
level is at the bottom of the dipstick
and the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating
temperature 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on a level surface. The normal
operating temperature can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
You can check the fluid without driving if the ambient temperature is
above 10°C (50°F). However, if fluid is added at this time, an overfill
condition could result when the vehicle reaches normal operating
temperature.
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C
[150°F-170°F]).
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Maintenance and care
The transmission fluid should be in
this range if at ambient temperature
(10°C-35°C [50°F-95°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the safe range
may result in transmission failure.
An overfill condition of transmission
fluid may cause shift and/or
engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of
fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the
Lubricant specifications section in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause
internal transmission component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint) increments through the filler
tube until the level is correct.
If an overfill occurs, excess fluid
should be removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of
transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.
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Maintenance and care
Checking and adding manual transmission fluid
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Fluid level should be at bottom of
the opening.
4. Add enough fluid through the
filler opening so that the fluid level
is at the bottom of the opening.
5. Install and tighten the fill plug
securely.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Checking and adding transfer case fluid (if equipped)
1. Clean the filler plug.
2. Remove the filler plug and
inspect the fluid level.
3. Add only enough fluid through
the filler opening so that the fluid
level is at the bottom of the
opening.
Use only fluid that meets Ford specifications. Refer to the Capacities
and specifications chapter.
DRIVELINE UNIVERSAL JOINT AND SLIP YOKE
Your vehicle may be equipped with universal joints that require
lubrication. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for maintenance
intervals. If the original universal joints are replaced with universal joints
equipped with grease fittings, lubrication will also be necessary.
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Maintenance and care
BATTERY
Your vehicle is equipped with a
Motorcraft maintenance-free battery
which normally does not require
additional water during its life of
service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature climates, check the
battery electrolyte level. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
the service interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the “level indicator”.
Do not overfill the battery cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can add plain tap water
to the battery, as long as you do not use hard water (water with a high
mineral or alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill the battery
cells with distilled water. If the battery needs water often, have the
charging system checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it is reinstalled
after the battery has been cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of the battery clean and
dry. Also, make certain the battery cables are always tightly fastened to
the battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals, remove the cables
from the terminals and clean with a wire brush. You can neutralize the
acid with a solution of baking soda and water.
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Maintenance and care
Batteries normally produce explosive gases which can cause
personal injury. Therefore, do not allow flames, sparks or lighted
substances to come near the battery. When working near the battery,
always shield your face and protect your eyes. Always provide proper
ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery, excessive pressure on the
end walls could cause acid to flow through the vent caps,
resulting in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or battery.
Lift the battery with a battery carrier or with your hands on opposite
corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children. Batteries contain sulfuric
acid. Avoid contact with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes
when working near the battery to protect against possible splashing of
acid solution. In case of acid contact with skin or eyes, flush
immediately with water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get prompt
medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically controlled by a computer,
some control conditions are maintained by power from the battery. When
the battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed, the engine must
relearn its idle and fuel trim strategy for optimum driveability and
performance. To begin this process:
1. With the vehicle at a complete stop, set the parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park) (automatic transmission) or the neutral
position (manual transmission), turn off all accessories and start the
engine.
3. Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
4. Allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
5. Turn the A/C on and allow the engine to idle for at least one minute.
6. Drive the vehicle to complete the relearning process.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 miles) or more to
relearn the idle and fuel trim strategy.
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Maintenance and care
RN
LE
TU
AD
RE
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle trim, the idle
quality of your vehicle may be adversely affected until the idle
trim is eventually relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new battery has been installed,
the clock and the preset radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of automotive
batteries in a responsible manner.
Follow your local authorized
standards for disposal. Call your
local authorized recycling center
to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
RECYCLE
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when they seem less
effective. Substances such as tree sap and some hot wax treatments used
by commercial car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both the windshield and
wiper blades using undiluted windshield wiper solution or a mild
detergent. Rinse thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
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Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm away from the
windshield and lock into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an angle from
the wiper arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the blade and
pull the wiper blade down toward
the windshield to remove it from the
arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the
wiper arm and press it into place
until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT UNIFORM TIRE QUALITY GRADING
New vehicles are fitted with tires
that have a rating on them called
Tire Quality Grades. The Quality
grades can be found where
applicable on the tire sidewall
between tread shoulder and
maximum section width. For
example:
• Treadwear 200 Traction AA Temperature A
These Tire Quality Grades are determined by standards that the United
States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for use on passenger
cars. They do not apply to deep tread, winter-type snow tires,
space-saver or temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production tires as defined in
Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality grades: The U.S.
Department of Transportation requires Ford to give you the following
information about tire grades exactly as the government has written it.
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Maintenance and care
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based on the wear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on a specified
government test course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear one
and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire
graded 100. The relative performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due to variations in driving habits, service practices, and
differences in road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA, A, B, and C. Those
grades represent the tire’s ability to stop on wet pavement as measured
under controlled conditions on specified government test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have poor traction
performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on
straight-ahead braking traction tests, and does not include
acceleration, cornering, hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a specified indoor laboratory
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade C corresponds to a level of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either separately or in
combination, can cause heat buildup and possible tire failure.
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Maintenance and care
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after the vehicle has been
parked for at least one hour or has been driven less than 5 km (3
miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended specifications found on the
Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle handling and can fail
suddenly, possibly resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs, they often wear
differently. To make sure your tires wear evenly and last longer, rotate
them as indicated in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
The following procedure applies to vehicles equipped with single rear
wheels, if your vehicle is equipped with dual rear wheels it is
recommended that only the front wheels be rotated (side to side).
• Four tire rotation
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Maintenance and care
• Five tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when the wear
band is visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix radial bias-belted, or
bias-type tires. Use only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the same size, speed
rating, and load-carrying capacity. Use only the tire combinations
recommended on the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of the same size, type,
load-carrying capacity and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.),
as originally offered by Ford.
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Maintenance and care
Do not replace your tires with “high performance” tires or larger
size tires.
Failure to follow these precautions may adversely affect the
handling of the vehicle and make it easier for the driver to lose
control and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s original tires may also
affect the accuracy of your speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Driving too fast for conditions creates the possibility of loss of
vehicle control. Driving at very high speeds for extended periods
of time may result in damage to vehicle components.
Snow tires must be the same size and grade as the tires you
currently have on your vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to provide traction in
rain and snow. However, in some climates, you may need to use snow
tires and chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains,it is
recommended that steel wheels are used of the same size and
specifications as those originally installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and chains:
• Do not use tire chains on aluminum wheels. Chains may chip the
wheels.
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do not touch any
wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or bang against your
vehicle, stop and re-tighten the chains. If this does not work, remove
the chains to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer needed. Do not use
tire chains on dry roads.
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Maintenance and care
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help prevent vehicle
damage. Do not remove these components from your vehicle when
using snow tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in an overfilled tank
may cause leakage and lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or death if misused or
mishandled.
Fuel ethanol and gasoline may contain benzene, which is a
cancer-causing agent.
Observe the following guidelines when handling automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all smoking materials
and any open flames before
fueling your vehicle.
• Always turn off the vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful
or fatal if swallowed. Fuels such
as gasoline and ethanol are highly
toxic and if swallowed can cause
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Maintenance and care
death or permanent injury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately apparent. The toxic
effects of fuel may not be visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel vapor of any kind
can lead to eye and respiratory tract irritation. In severe cases,
excessive or prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause serious
illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is splashed in the eyes,
remove contact lenses (if worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and
seek medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical attention could
lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the skin. If fuel is
splashed on the skin and/or clothing, promptly remove contaminated
clothing and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. Repeated or
prolonged skin contact with fuel liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking “Antabuse” or other forms of
disulfiram for the treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline and/or
ethanol vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse reaction. In
sensitive individuals, serious personal injury or sickness may result. If
fuel is splashed on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with soap
and water. Consult a physician immediately if you experience an
adverse reaction.
• FFV fuel tanks may contain zero to 85 percent or more of ethanol.
Any fuel blends containing gasoline and ethanol should be treated the
same as “Fuel Ethanol (E85)”.
Pure ethanol is the alcohol which is the intoxicating agent in liquor, beer
and wine. It is distilled from the fermentation of plants such as field corn
and sugar cane. When ethanol is used in the making of motor fuels, a
small amount of a bad tasting chemical is added to discourage beverage
use. The resulting fuel is called Ed 100 meaning 100% pure ethanol
diluted by 2% to 5% gasoline as the “denaturant.”
Fuel ethanol (Ed 85) is then made by adding 15% more unleaded
gasoline. The resulting fuel also has a higher octane rating than unleaded
regular gasoline and other properties which allow engine designs with
greater efficiency and power.
Winter blends may contain up to 30% unleaded gasoline (25% plus the
denaturant) to enhance cold engine starts. Severely cold weather may
require additional measures for reliable starting. Refer to Cold Weather
Starting in the Starting chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Ethanol is more chemically active than gasoline. It corrodes some metals
and causes some plastic and rubber components to swell, break down or
become brittle and crack, especially when mixed with gasoline. Special
materials and procedures have been developed for flexible fuel vehicles
and the dispensers used by ethanol fuel providers.
Flexible fuel components and standard unleaded gasoline fuel
components are not interchangeable. If your vehicle is not
serviced in accordance with flexible fuel vehicles procedures, damage
may occur and your warranty may be invalidated.
When refueling always shut the engine off and never allow
sparks or open flames near the filler neck. Never smoke while
refueling. Fuel vapor is extremely hazardous under certain conditions.
Care should be taken to avoid inhaling excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle can produce static
electricity, which can cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an
ungrounded fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up when filling an
ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the fuel container while
filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel pump handle in the fill
position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with a 1/8 turn on/off
feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
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Maintenance and care
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with the notches on the
filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator comes on and stays
on when you start the engine, the fuel filler cap may not be properly
installed. Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align the cap
properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace it with a fuel filler
cap that is designed for your vehicle. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel system if the
correct genuine Ford or Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If the fuel filler cap is
venting vapor or if you hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops
before completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise, fuel may
spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap, excessive pressure or
vacuum in the fuel tank may damage the fuel system or cause
the fuel system to work improperly in a collision, which may result in
possible personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
If your vehicle is a flexible fuel vehicle (FFV), use only UNLEADED
FUEL and ETHANOL (E85). The use of leaded fuel is prohibited by law
and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage critical fuel system
components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel additives with metallic
compounds, including manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for which your vehicle was
not designed may not be covered by your warranty.
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Maintenance and care
Octane recommendations
Do not be concerned if your engine
sometimes knocks lightly. However,
if it knocks heavily under most
driving conditions while you are
(R+M)/2 METHOD
using fuel with the recommended
octane rating, see your dealer or a qualified service technician to prevent
any engine damage.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
Your vehicle is designed to use “Regular” unleaded gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend the use of gasolines
labeled as “Regular” that are sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in
high altitude areas.
FFV engine
Your vehicle is designed to use Fuel Ethanol (E85), “Regular” unleaded
gasoline or any percentage of the two fuels combined.
U.S. government regulations require fuel ethanol dispensing
pumps to have a small, square, orange and black label with the
common abbreviation E85 or the appropriate percentage for that
region. Use of other fuels such as Fuel Methanol may cause
powertrain damage, a loss of vehicle performance, and your
warranty may be invalidated.
87
Fuel quality
Many of the world’s automakers issued the World-wide Fuel Charter that
recommends gasoline specifications to provide improved performance
and emission control system protection for your vehicle. Gasolines that
meet the World-wide Fuel Charter should be used when available. Ask
your fuel supplier about gasolines that meet the World-wide Fuel
Charter.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket products to your fuel
tank if you continue to use high quality fuel of the recommended octane
rating. Aftermarket products could cause damage to the fuel system.
Repairs to correct the effects of using an aftermarket product in your
fuel may not be covered by your warranty.
Unleaded Gasoline engines
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or hesitation driveability
problems during a cold start, try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded
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Maintenance and care
gasoline. “Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended (particularly
in the United States) because it may cause these problems to become
more pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
FFV engine
Your FFV will operate well on ordinary “Regular” unleaded gasoline, but
only the highest quality fuel ethanol will provide the same level of
protection and performance.
Standards for fuel ethanol have been developed to provide FFVs the best
possible performance, safety and durability. To assist alcohol fuel
providers in meeting these standards, guidelines have also been
developed which prescribe “Ethanol Fuel Compatible” dispensing station
equipment. These standards and guidelines can be obtained from Ford
Motor Company. Fuel stations may apply to be certified as meeting these
standards. However, not all stations meet these standards at this time. To
ensure proper operation of your FFV on fuel ethanol, refuel at certified
stations.
If you are experiencing a rough or rolling idle after start-up with the
outside temperature above 27° C (80° F), the idle should improve within
10 to 30 seconds. If the problems persist below this temperature, see
your dealer or a qualified service technician.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of reformulated “cleaner-burning” gasolines to
improve air quality. These gasolines may contain oxygenates up to 10%
ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out of fuel because this situation may have an adverse
affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to cycle the ignition from OFF to ON several times after
refueling, to allow the fuel system to pump the fuel from the tank to
the engine.
• Your “Check Engine” indicator may come on. For more information on
the “Check Engine” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a qualified service
technician. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage to the fuel system
if an authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel economy is you, the
driver. You must gather information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel gauge readings are
NOT accurate as a measure of fuel economy. We do not recommend
taking fuel economy measurements during the first 1 600 km (1 000
miles) of driving (engine break-in period). You will get a more accurate
measurement after 3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your vehicle is equal to
the rated refill capacity of the fuel tank as listed in the Refill Capacities
section of the Capacities and specifications chapter.
The advertised capacity is the amount of the indicated capacity and the
empty reserve combined. Indicated capacity is the difference in the
amount of fuel in a full tank and a tank when the fuel gauge indicates
empty. Empty reserve is the small amount of usable fuel remaining in the
fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of empty reserve varies and should not be relied
upon to increase driving range. When refueling your vehicle after
the fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be able to refuel
the full amount of the advertised capacity of the fuel tank due to
the empty reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium — high) each time
the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane rating.
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Maintenance and care
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have the vehicle facing the
same direction each time you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial odometer reading
(in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of fuel added (in liters
or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the fuel tank and record
the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the current odometer
reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to determine fuel
economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total kilometers
traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the type of driving (city
or highway). This will provide an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel
economy under current driving conditions. Additionally, keeping records
during summer and winter will show how temperature impacts fuel
economy. In general, lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
Ethanol has less energy per gallon than gasoline. Fuel economy will
decrease as the percentage of ethanol used is increased.
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you may be able to change
a number of variables and improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10% savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give the best fuel
economy.
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Maintenance and care
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one minute) may waste
fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h [55 mph] uses 15%
less fuel than traveling at 105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce fuel economy.
• You may want to turn off the speed control in hilly terrain if
unnecessary shifting between third and fourth gear occurs.
Unnecessary shifting of this type could result in reduced fuel
economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not required and may
reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving may reduce fuel
economy.
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of alignment will reduce fuel
economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance items. Follow the
recommended maintenance schedule and owner maintenance checks
found in your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may reduce fuel economy
at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel economy (approximately
0.4 km/L [1 mpg] is lost for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for example bug
deflectors, rollbars/light bars, running boards, ski/luggage racks) may
reduce fuel economy.
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Maintenance and care
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower temperatures during the first
12–16 km (8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel economy as compared to
driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when operated in the top
cruise gear and with steady pressure on the gas pedal.
• Four-wheel-drive operation (if equipped) is less fuel efficient than
two-wheel-drive operation.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window sticker. Contact your
dealer if the window sticker is not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA
window sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy comparisons
with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left corner of the window
sticker. These numbers represent the Range of L/100 km (MPG)
expected on the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel economy
may vary depending upon the method of operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission control components and a
catalytic converter which will enable your vehicle to comply with
applicable exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the catalytic
converter and other emission control components continue to work
properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel (or E85, if equipped with the 3.0L FFV V6
engine).
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is moving, especially at
high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled Maintenance Guide performed
according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the Scheduled Maintenance
Guide are essential to the life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
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Maintenance and care
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized parts are used for
maintenance replacements or for service of components affecting
emission control, such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and durability.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in dry grass or other dry
ground cover. The emission system heats up the engine
compartment and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the “Check Engine” light, charging system warning light
or the temperature warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of engine power, could indicate that the emission control system is
not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful and potentially
lethal fumes into the passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your vehicle or engine. By
law, vehicle owners and anyone who manufactures, repairs, services,
sells, leases, trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are not
permitted to intentionally remove an emission control device or prevent
it from working. Information about your vehicle’s emission system is on
the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal located on or near the
engine. This decal identifies engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete emission warranty
information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M) testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to pass an I/M test of
the on-board diagnostics system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine
Soon” light is on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights and
Chimes section of the Instrumentation chapter. Your vehicle may not
pass the I/M test with the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has just been serviced,
the on-board diagnostics system is reset to a “not ready for I/M test”
condition. To ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M testing, a
minimum of 30 minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an expressway or highway.
196
Maintenance and care
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go, city-type traffic with
at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours without starting the
engine. Then, start the engine and complete the above driving cycle. The
engine must warm up to its normal operating temperature. Once started,
do not turn off the engine until the above driving cycle is complete.
BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps frequently:
• Headlamps
• Foglamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Brakelamps
• Turn signals
• License plate lamp
• Tail lamps
• Back-up lamps
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they can be replaced immediately with
new ones. If a bulb is removed for an extended period of time,
contaminants may enter the lamp housings and affect lamp performance.
Replacing headlamp bulbs
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in
OFF position.
2. Open the hood.
3. Locate the headlamp bulb
through the hole in the upper
radiator support assembly.
4. Disconnect the electrical connector from the bulb by pulling rearward.
197
Maintenance and care
5. Remove the bulb retaining ring by
rotating it counterclockwise (when
viewed from the rear) to free it
from the bulb socket, and slide the
ring off the plastic base. Keep the
ring to retain the new bulb.
6. Without turning, remove the old
bulb by gently pulling it straight
back out of the lamp assembly.
To install the new bulb:
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully and keep out of
children’s reach. Grasp the bulb only by its plastic base and do
not touch the glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb to
break the next time the headlamps are operated.
1. With the flat side of the bulb’s plastic base facing upward, insert the
glass end of the bulb into the lamp assembly. You may need to turn the
bulb left or right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in
the lamp assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the bulb into the
lamp assembly until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base until it contacts the
rear of the socket by rotating clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Install the electrical connector into the plastic base until it snaps,
locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work properly. If the
headlamp was correctly aligned before you changed the bulb, you should
not need to align it again.
198
Maintenance and care
Replacing front side marker bulbs
1. Open the hood.
2. Remove two screws from the
lamp assembly.
3. Disengage lamp assembly (it has
a snap fit).
4. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the bulb by pulling
rearward.
5. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise about 1⁄4 turn and
remove from lamp assembly.
6. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
7. Insert the bulb into the parking
lamp assembly. When the grooves in
the plastic base are aligned, push
the bulb into the lamp assembly
until the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp assembly and turn to
lock.
8. Connect the electrical connector into the rear of the plastic base until
it “snaps.”
9. Align the lamp studs with the plastic grommets on the vehicle and
push to snap in place.
10. Install two screws on lamp assembly.
199
Maintenance and care
Replacing tail lamp/turn/backup lamp bulbs
The tail lamp/turn/backup lamp
bulbs are located in the same
portion of the tail lamp assembly,
one just below the other. Follow the
same steps to replace either bulb:
1. Open the liftgate to expose the
lamp assemblies.
2. Remove the four screws and the
lamp assembly from vehicle.
3. Rotate bulb socket
counterclockwise turn and remove
from lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull the bulb straight
out of the socket and push in the
new bulb.
5. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning clockwise.
6. Install the lamp assembly and
secure with four screws.
Replacing foglamp bulbs
1. Remove the bulb socket from the
foglamp by turning
counterclockwise.
2. Disconnect the electrical
connector from the foglamp bulb.
3. Connect the electrical connector to the new foglamp bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in the foglamp turning clockwise.
200
Maintenance and care
Replacing high-mount brakelamp and cargo lamp bulbs
The replacement of the high-mount brakelamp bulb and cargo lamp bulb
is basically the same. This procedure covers the high-mount brakelamp
bulb.
To remove the brakelamp assembly:
1. Remove the two screws and lamp
assembly from vehicle.
2. Remove the bulb socket from
lamp assembly by rotating it
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull bulb straight out of
socket and push in the new bulb.
To install the brakelamp assembly:
1. Install the bulb socket into the
lamp assembly by rotating
clockwise.
2. Install the lamp assembly on the vehicle and secure with two screws.
Replacing license plate lamp bulbs
The license plate bulbs are located
behind the rear bumper. To change
the license plate lamp bulbs:
1. Reach behind the rear bumper to
locate the bulb socket.
2. Twist the socket counterclockwise
and remove.
3. Pull out the old bulb from socket
and push in the new bulb.
4. Install the bulb socket in lamp
assembly by turning it clockwise.
Using the right bulbs
Replacement bulbs are specified in the chart below. Headlamp bulbs must
be marked with an authorized “D.O.T.” for North America and an “E” for
Europe to assure lamp performance, light brightness and pattern and safe
visibility. The correct bulbs will not damage the lamp assembly or void the
lamp assembly warranty and will provide quality bulb burn time.
201
Maintenance and care
Function
Number of bulbs
Trade number
Park/turn/side marker
4
3157
lamps (front)
2
194
Headlamps
2
9007
Foglamps (if
2
9006 HB4
equipped)
Hi-mount brakelamp
1
922
Cargo lamps
2
906
Rear stop/turn/tail
2
3157
lamps
Rear license plate
2
194
lamps
Backup lamp
2
3156
Dome lamp
1
912
Map/dome-SuperCab
2
904
(if equipped)
Map/dome-Regular
1
904
Cab (if equipped)
1
904
All replacement bulbs are clear in color except where noted.
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your dealer.
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified technician.
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
The headlamps on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly plant.
If your vehicle has been in an accident the alignment of your headlamps
should be checked by a qualified service technician.
202
Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list of Ford-approved
cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle regularly with
cold or lukewarm water. Never use
strong detergents or soap. If your
vehicle is particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash detergent. Always
use a clean sponge, washing glove
or similar device and plenty of water
for best results. To avoid spots,
avoid washing when the hood is still
warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to wash the vehicle on a
regular basis. Large quantities of dirt and road salt are difficult to
remove and also cause damage to the vehicle.
Any gasoline spilled on the vehicle or deposits such as bird droppings
should be washed and sponged off as soon as possible. Deposits not
removed promptly can cause damage to the vehicle’s paintwork.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas, before entering a car
wash. If you have wax applied to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it
is recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry them.
Waxing your vehicle
Waxing your vehicle on a regular basis will reduce minor scratches and
paint damage.
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This could be every three
or four months, depending on operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use a cleaning fluid with a
clean cloth to remove any bugs before waxing your vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield, or on any surfaces which appear
coarse or bumpy. If you have wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
203
Maintenance and care
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and windshield as
described in Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris may be repaired with
the Ultra Touch Prep and Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), Lacquer
Touch-up Paint (#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or Exterior Acrylic Spray
Lacquer (#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care Chemicals line.
Please note that the part numbers (shown as XXXX above) will vary with
your vehicle’s specific coloring. Observe the application instructions on
the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap, insect remains, tar
spots, road salt and industrial fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your vehicle. Do not use
acid-based or alcohol-based wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong
detergents. Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of special
wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may damage the finish
on your wheels. Before going to a car wash, find out if the brushes are
abrasive.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean because grease and dirt
buildup keep the engine warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean the engine. The high
pressure fluid could penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking the engine block or
other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water damage when cleaning
the engine.
204
Maintenance and care
• 4.0L
• 3.0L
205
Maintenance and care
• 2.5L
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is running; water in the
running engine may cause internal damage.
Cleaning non-painted plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a tar remover if
necessary. Do not clean plastic parts with thinners, solvents or
petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of your vehicle. If
necessary, use a tar remover such as Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road
Oil Remover (B7A-19520–AA).
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry paper towel, chemical
solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades, windshield and rear window
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the wiper blade rubber
element with undiluted windshield washer solution or a mild detergent.
To avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could be caused by
substances on the windshield or rear window such as tree sap and some
hot wax treatments used by commercial car washes. Clean the outside of
the windshield or rear window with a non-abrasive cleaner such as Ford
206
Maintenance and care
Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner, (E4AZ-19C507–AA), available from your
Ford Dealer. Do not use abrasive cleansers on glass as they may cause
scratches. The windshield or rear window is clean if beads do not form
when you rinse it with water. The windshield, rear window and wiper
blades should be cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of the upper portion of
the instrument panel. The dull finish in this area helps protect the driver
from undesirable windshield reflection.
Do not use chemical solvents or strong detergents when cleaning
the steering wheel or instrument panel to avoid contamination of
the air bag system.
Cleaning the instrument cluster lens
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Do not use household or glass cleaners as these may damage the lens.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a vacuum cleaner.
Remove fresh spots immediately. Do not use household or glass cleaners.
These agents can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap and
water solution if necessary.
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution recommended for
cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do not bleach or dye the belts, because
these actions may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make sure there are no
nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle has been involved in an accident,
refer to the Safety belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Underbody
Flush the complete underside of vehicle frequently. Keep body drain
holes unplugged. Inspect for road damage.
207
Maintenance and care
Inside windows
Use Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (E4AZ-19C507–AA) for the inside
windows if they become fogged.
Cleaning mirrors
Do not clean your mirrors with a dry cloth or abrasive materials. Use a
soft cloth and mild detergent and water. Be careful when removing ice
from outside mirrors because you may damage the reflective surface.
208
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
2.5L I4 engine
FA-1658
3.0L FFV V6
engine
FA-1658
Air filter
element
Fuel filter
Battery
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
4.0L V6 engine
FA-1658
FG-1002
BXT-59
FL-400S
EV-227
AWSF-32F**
FG-1002
BXT-59
FL-400S
EV-130
AGSF-22PP***
FG-1002
BXT-59
FL-1A
EV-225
AGSF-22PP***
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) decal for spark
plug gap information.
** Two spark plugs per cylinder required (eight total).
*** If any spark plug needs to be removed for inspection, it must be
re-installed in the same cylinder. Cylinders No.1, 2 and 3 have a “PG”
suffix. Cylinders No. 4, 5 and 6 have a “P” suffix. If any spark plug needs
to be replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part number suffix
letters “PP” as shown on the engine decal.
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Ford Part
Name
Engine oil
Motorcraft SAE
(includes
5W-30 Super
filter change) Premium Motor
Oil
Brake fluid
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Power
Motorcraft
steering fluid MERCONt ATF
Application
Capacity
2.5L I4 and 3.0L V6 4.3L
engine
(4.5 quarts)
4.0L V6 engine
4.7L
(5.0 quarts)
All
Fill to line on
reservoir
All
Fill to range on
dipstick
209
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Ford Part
Name
Transmission Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
fluid 1
Motorcraft
MERCONtV
ATF
Engine
coolant
4
Fuel tank
Transfer
Case Fluid
210
Application
Capacity
5-speed manual
2.65L
(2.8 quarts)
9.4L
(9.9 quarts)
4x2 vehicles with
automatic and 2.5L
I4 engine
4x2 vehicles with
automatic and 3.0L
or 4.0L V6 engine
4x4 vehicles with
automatic
Premium Engine 2.5L I4 engine with
Coolant
manual
transmission
2.5L I4 engine with
automatic
transmission
3.0L V6 engine with
manual
transmission
3.0L V6 engine with
automatic
transmission
4.0L V6 engine with
manual
transmission
4.0L V6 engine with
automatic
transmission
N/A
Regular cab (Short
wheel base)
Regular cab (Long
wheel base)
SuperCab
Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF
4x4 Vehicles
2
3
9.5L
(10.0 quarts)3
9.8L
(10.3 quarts)
10.0L
(10.5 quarts)
9.7L
(10.2 quarts)
14.3L
(15.1 quarts)
14.0L
(14.8 quarts)
13.0L
(13.7 quarts)
12.5L
(13.2 quarts)
62.4L
(16.5 gallons)
75.7L
(20.0 gallons)
73.8L
(19.5 gallons)
1.2L
(1.25 quarts)
3
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Front axle
lubricant
Rear axle
lubricant5
Windshield
washer fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Ultra-Clear
Windshield
Washer
Concentrate
Application
Capacity
4x4 Vehicles
1.7L (3.6 pints)
All
2.4-2.5L
(5.0-5.3 pints)
All
2.6L
(2.75 quarts)
1
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. MERCONt and
MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT MIX MERCONt and
MERCONt V. Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine
the correct service interval.
2
Service refill capacity is determined by filling the transmission to the
bottom of the filler hole with the vehicle on a level surface.
3
Indicates only approximate dry-fill capacity. Some applications may
vary based on cooler size and if equipped with an in-tank cooler. The
amount of transmission fluid and fluid level should be set by the
indication on the dipstick’s normal operating range.
4
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
5
Traction-Lok axles use 2.2–2.4L (4.75–5.0 pints) of rear axle lubricant.
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok axles.
Service refill capacities are determined by filling the rear axle 6 mm to
14 mm (1/4 inch to 9/16 inch) below the bottom of the filler hole.
211
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Front axle
(4X4)
Rear axle
Brake fluid and
clutch fluid (if
equipped)
Door weather
strips
Engine coolant
Engine oil
Hinges, door
checks, latches,
striker plates,
fuel filler door
hinge and seat
tracks
212
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant
Motorcraft SAE
80W-90
Premium Rear
Axle Lubricant1
High
Performance
DOT 3 Motor
Vehicle Brake
Fluid
Silicone
Lubricant
Ford Premium
Engine Coolant
Motorcraft SAE
5W-30 Super
Premium Motor
Oil
Multi-Purpose
Grease
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
XY-80W90-QL
WSP-M2C197-A
C6AZ-19542-AB
ESA-M6C25-A
and DOT 3
F7AZ-19G208-BA ESR-M13P4-A
E2FZ-19549-AA
(in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-8-B)
XO-5W30-QSP
ESE-M97B44-A
WSS-M2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
DOAZ-19584-AA ESB-M1C93-B or
or
ESB-M1C159-A
F5AZ-19G209-AA
Capacities and specifications
Ford part
name or
equivalent
Transmission
Premium
/steering/parking Long-Life Grease
brake linkages
and pivots,
brake and clutch
pedal shaft,
clutch pilot
bearing and.
input shaft
spline (manual
transmission).
Power steering Motorcraft
fluid, transfer
MERCONt ATF
case fluid (4X4)
and transmission
fluid (manual)
Automatic
Motorcraft
transmission
MERCONtV
(4R44E, 5R44E ATF 2
and 5R55E)
Ultra-clear
Windshield
Windshield
washer fluid
Washer
Concentrate
Item
Ford part
number
Ford
specification
XG-1-C or
XG-1-K
ESA-M1C75-B
XT-2-QDX
MERCONt
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
C9AZ-19550-AC
ESR-M17P5-A
1
Add 118 ml (4 oz.) of Additive Friction Modifier C8AZ-19B546-A or
equivalent meeting Ford specification EST-M2C118–A for complete refill
of Traction-Lok axles.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
213
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
2.5L I4 engine
Cubic inches
Required fuel
153
87 octane
Firing order
Spark plug gap
1-3-4-2
1.07-1.17 mm
(0.042-.046
inch)
EDIS
9.4:1
Ignition system
Compression
ratio
2.3L I4
engine
Cubic inches 138
Required
87 octane
fuel
Firing order 1-3-4-2
1.04-1.19mm
Spark plug
(0.041-0.047
gap
inch)
Ignition
EDIS
system
Compression 9.7:1
ratio
Engine
214
3.0L FFV V6
engine
182
87 octane or
Ethanol (E 85)
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.07-1.17 mm
(0.042-.046
inch)
EDIS
9.14:1
4.0L V6 engine
245
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.0:1
2.5L I4
engine
153
87 octane
3.0L V6
engine
182
87 octane
4.0L V6
engine
245
87 octane
1-3-4-2
1.07-1.17mm
(0.042-0.046
inch)
EDIS
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.07-1.17mm
(0.042-0.046
inch)
EDIS
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-0.056
inch)
EDIS
9.4:1
9.14:1
9.0:1
Capacities and specifications
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall
length
(2) Overall
width
(3) Overall
height 4x2/4x4
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track Front
(5) Track Rear
Regular Cab
Short Wheel
Base (SWB) mm
(in)
4 763 (187.5)
Regular Cab
Long Wheel
Base (LWB)
mm (in)
5 093 (200.5)
5 153 (202.9)
1 785 (70.3)
1 785 (70.3)
1 785 (70.3)
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
575
655
831
486
(62.0) /
(65.2)
(111.4)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
586
655
983
486
(62.4) /
(65.2)
(117.4)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
Supercab mm
(in)
585
684
192
485
(62.4) /
(66.3)
(125.7)
(58.5)
1 455 (57.3)
3
5
2
215
Capacities and specifications
4
1
4
1
216
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration Regulations require
that a Certification Label be affixed
to a vehicle and prescribe where the
Certification Label may be located.
The Certification Label is located on
the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle identification number is
attached to a metal tag and is
located on the driver side
instrument panel. (Please note that
in the graphic XXXX is
representative of your vehicle
identification number.)
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the vehicle identification
number) is stamped on the engine block, transmission, frame and
transfer case (if equipped).
217
Customer assistance
Ford Extended Service Plan
You can get more protection for your new car or light truck by
purchasing Ford Extended Service Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP
is an optional service contract which is backed by Ford Motor Company
or Ford Motor Service Company (in the U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in
Canada). It provides the following:
• benefits during the warranty period depending on the plan you
purchase (such as: reimbursement for rentals; coverage for certain
maintenance and wear items)
• protection against repair costs after your Bumper to Bumper Warranty
expires
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating Ford and Lincoln/
Mercury and Ford of Canada dealer. There are several plans available in
various time, distance and deductible combinations which can be tailored
to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also offers reimbursement
benefits for towing and rental coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your
dealer for details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind protection
throughout the United States and Canada, provided by a network of
more than 5,000 participating Ford or Lincoln/Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended Service Plan at the
time of purchasing your vehicle, you may still be eligible. Please contact
your dealer for further information. Since this information is subject to
change, please ask your dealer for complete details about Ford Extended
Service Plan coverage options.
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have authorized dealerships to
service your vehicle. When you need warranty repairs your selling dealer
would like you to return to it for that service, but you may also take your
vehicle to another Ford Motor Company or Ford of Canada dealership
authorized for warranty repairs. Certain warranty repairs require special
training though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform all warranty
repairs. That means that depending on the warranty repair needed, the
vehicle may need to be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership
can not assist you, then contact the Customer Assistance Center.
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Customer assistance
If you have questions or concerns, or are unsatisfied with the service you
are receiving, follow these steps:
1. Contact your Sales Representative or Service Advisor at your
selling/servicing dealership.
2. If your inquiry or concern remains unresolved, contact the Sales
Manager or Service Manager at the dealership.
3. If the inquiry or concern cannot be resolved at the dealership level,
please contact the Ford Customer Assistance Center.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada dealerships also carry quality
parts and accessories, providing you with equipment reliability.
Away from home
If you own a Ford or Mercury vehicle and are away from home when
your vehicle needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, after following the steps described above, contact the
Ford Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to
help you. In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
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Customer assistance
If you own a Lincoln vehicle and are away from home when your vehicle
needs service, or if you need more help than the dealership could
provide, after following the steps described above, contact the Ford
Customer Assistance Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-521-4140
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
In order to help you service your Ford or Lincoln Mercury vehicle, please
have the following information available when contacting a Customer
Assistance Center:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty dispute, you may wish
to contact the Dispute Settlement Board (U.S.) or the
Mediation/Arbitration Program (Canada).
In some states (in the U.S.) you must directly notify Ford in writing
before pursuing remedies under your state’s warranty laws. Ford is also
allowed a final repair attempt in some states.
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be submitted to the
Dispute Settlement Board before taking action under the Magnuson-Moss
Warranty Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before pursuing
replacement or repurchase remedies provided by certain state laws. This
220
Customer assistance
dispute handling procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent of the
Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD (U.S. only)
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying Ford Motor Company
vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available in all states. Ford
Motor Company reserves the right to change eligibility limitations, modify
procedures and/or to discontinue this service without notice and without
incurring obligations per applicable state law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle performance as designed
concerns on Ford and Lincoln Mercury cars and Ford and Lincoln
Mercury light trucks which are within the terms of any applicable written
new vehicle warranty are eligible for review, except those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
• sales disputes between customer and dealer except those associated
with warranty repairs or concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential expenses unless a
service or product concern is being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited Warranty (including
maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or household purposes
(except in states where the Dispute Settlement Board is required to
review commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
221
Customer assistance
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle Limited Warranty
has expired at receipt of your application and, in certain states eligibility
is dependent upon the customer’s possession of the vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For example, see the unique
brochures for California, West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln Mercury dealership representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are recruited and trained by
an independent consulting firm. The dealership Board member is chosen
from Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership management, recognized for
their business leadership qualities.
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the application in the
DSB brochure and mail it to the address provided on the application
form. Some states will require you to use certified mail, with return
receipt requested.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined to be eligible, you
will receive an acknowledgment indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company representative will then be
asked to submit statements.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance or repair orders
relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) listed
on your vehicle ownership license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer(s) who sold or serviced the vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
222
Customer assistance
• a brief summary of the action taken by the dealer(s) and Ford Motor
Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you contacted at the
dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your application does not
qualify for Board review.
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation, indicate YES to question
#6 on the application. While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the Board will decide the
case whether or not an oral presentation is made. Oral presentation may
be requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information related to each
complaint, including oral presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision. Board review may be terminated at any time by either party.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40 days of the date that
all requested information is received by the Board. Since the Board
generally meets once a month, it may take longer for the Board to
consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a decision letter and a
form on which to accept or reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of
the Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on the dealer) but
not on consumers who are free to pursue other remedies available to
them under state or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or write/call to the
Board at the following address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
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Customer assistance
You may also contact the North American Customer Assistance Center at
1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or
by writing to the Center at the following address:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
UTILIZING THE MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM
(CANADA ONLY)
In those cases where you continue to feel that the efforts by Ford and
the dealer to resolve a factory-related vehicle service concern have been
unsatisfactory, Ford of Canada participates in an impartial third party
mediation/arbitration program administered by the Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan (CAMVAP).
The CAMVAP program is a straight-forward and relatively speedy
alternative to resolve a disagreement when all other efforts to produce a
settlement have failed. This procedure is without cost to you and is
designed to eliminate the need for lengthy and expensive legal
proceedings.
In the CAMVAP program, impartial third-party arbitrators conduct
hearings at mutually convenient times and places in an informal
environment. These impartial arbitrators review the positions of the
parties, make decisions and, when appropriate, render awards to resolve
disputes. CAMVAP decisions are fast, fair, and final; the arbitrator’s
award is binding both to you and Ford of Canada.
CAMVAP services are available in all territories and provinces, except
Quebec. For more information, without charge or obligation, call your
CAMVAP Provincial Administrator directly at 1-800-207-0685.
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country, contact the
appropriate foreign embassy or consulate. These officials can inform you
of local vehicle registration regulations and where to find unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel with an anti-knock
index lower than is recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
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Customer assistance
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without proper conversion may
damage the effectiveness of your emission control system and may cause
engine knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor Company/Ford of
Canada is not responsible for any damage caused by use of improper
fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also result in difficulty
importing your vehicle back into the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are traveling or living in
Central or South America, the Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you, write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
If you are in another foreign country, contact the nearest Ford
dealership. If the dealership employees cannot help you, they can direct
you to the nearest Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then relocate outside of
the U.S. or Canada, register your vehicle identification number (VIN) and
new address with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD CAR CARE PRODUCTS FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your dealer to clean your
vehicle and protect its finishes. These quality products have been
specifically engineered to fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom
designed to complement the style and appearance of your vehicle. Each
product is made from high quality materials and that meet or exceed
Ford’s rigid specifications. For best results, use the following or products
of equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant* (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Conditioner (Canada only)
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Customer assistance
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Motorcraft Vinyl Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover* (not available in
Canada)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (Canada only)
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner (not available in Canada)
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner (not available in Canada)
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
A wide selection of Ford accessories are available for your vehicle
through your local authorized Ford, Lincoln Mercury or Ford of Canada
dealer. These quality accessories have been specifically engineered to
fulfill your automotive needs; they are custom designed to complement
the style and aerodynamic appearance of your vehicle. In addition, each
accessory is made from high quality materials and meets or exceeds
Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications. Ford accessories are
warranted for up to 12 months or 20 000 km (12 000 miles) on all cars
and light trucks and 12 months with unlimited distance on medium/heavy
duty trucks unless the accessory is installed on a new vehicle, then the
warranty becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty or the
accessories warranty, whichever is greater. See your dealer for complete
warranty information and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
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Customer assistance
Vehicle Security
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Cargo shades (Super Cab only)
Engine block heaters
Manual sliding rear window
Tire step
Travel equipment
Daytime running lights
Fog lights
Heavy-duty battery
Pickup box rails
Removable luggage rack
Running boards
Speed control
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Bed mat/bedliner tailgate covers
Bed mats
Bedliners
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Front end covers (full and sport)
227
Customer assistance
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded vinyl floor mats
Side window air deflectors
Spare tire lock
Step bumpers
Step/sill plates
Tailgate protector
Tonneau covers
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the following information in
mind when adding accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers and luggage to your
vehicle, do not exceed the total weight capacity of the vehicle or of
the front or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the Safety
compliance certification label). Consult your dealer for specific weight
information.
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and Canadian Radio
Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way radios, telephones and
theft alarms - that are equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply with FCC or CRTC
regulations and should be installed only by a qualified service
technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the operation of your
vehicle, particularly if they are not properly designed for automotive
use or are not properly installed. When operated, such systems may
cause the engine to stumble or stall. In addition, such systems may be
damaged or their performance may be affected by operating your
vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers, garage door openers and
other transmitters with outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse effects or damage
that may result from the use of such equipment.
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Customer assistance
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free: 1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
Obtaining a French owner’s guide
French Owner’s Guides can be obtained from your dealer or by writing to
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited, Service Publications, P.O. Box
1580, Station B, Mississauga, Ontario L4Y 4G3.
229
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your vehicle has
a defect that could cause a crash, or
could cause injury or death, you
should immediately inform the
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) in addition
to notifying Ford Motor Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and
if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a
recall and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved
in individual problems between you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free
at 1–800–424–9393 (202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or write
to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from
the Hotline.
230
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ..........................84
and child safety seats ..............85
description ................................84
disposal ......................................88
driver air bag ............................86
indicator light ......................10,87
operation ...................................86
passenger air bag .....................86
passenger
deactivation switch ..............25,88
Air cleaner filter .......................209
Air conditioning ..........................19
manual heating and air
conditioning system .................21
Ambulance packages ....................3
Antifreeze
(see Engine coolant) ................168
Anti-lock brake system
(see Brakes) .......................107,108
Anti-theft system
warning light .............................11
Audio system (see Radio) .........26
Automatic transmission ............111
driving an automatic
overdrive ..........................112,114
fluid, adding ............................173
fluid, checking ........................173
fluid, refill capacities ..............209
fluid, specification ..................214
Auxiliary power point .................25
Axle
lubricant specifications ...212,214
refill capacities ........................209
traction lok ..............................124
Battery .......................................178
acid, treating emergencies .....178
charging system
warning light .............................11
jumping a disabled battery ....152
maintenance-free ....................178
replacement, specifications ...209
servicing ..................................178
voltage gauge ............................17
Belt minder .................................80
Brakes ........................................106
anti-lock .....................106,107,108
anti-lock brake system (ABS)
warning light ......................10,108
brake warning light ..................10
fluid, checking and adding ....166
fluid, refill capacities ..............209
fluid, specifications ..........212,214
lubricant specifications ...212,214
parking ....................................108
shift interlock ..........................111
Break-in period .............................2
Capacities for refilling fluids ....209
Cargo area shade ........................63
Cargo net .....................................63
Certification Label ....................217
Child safety restraints ................93
child safety belts ......................93
Child safety seats ........................94
attaching with tether straps ....99
in front seat ..............................96
in rear seat ................................96
tether anchorage hardware .....99
Cleaning your vehicle ...............203
engine compartment ..............204
exterior .............................204,207
exterior lamps .........................206
instrument panel ....................207
instrument panel lens ............207
interior .....................................207
mirrors .....................................208
plastic parts ............................206
safety belts ..............................207
washing ....................................203
waxing .....................................203
wheels ......................................204
windows ..................................208
wiper blades ............................206
231
Index
Climate control (see Air
conditioning or Heating) ............19
Clock .............................29,36,42,51
Clutch
fluid ..........................................167
operation while driving ..........116
recommended shift speeds ....118
Console ........................................63
Coolant
checking and adding ..............168
refill capacities .................172,209
specifications ...................212,214
Cruise control
(see Speed control) ....................55
Customer Assistance ................137
Ford accessories
for your vehicle ......................225
Ford Extended
Service Plan ............................218
Getting assistance outside the
U.S. and Canada .....................224
Getting roadside assistance ...137
Getting the
service you need ....................218
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ...................229
The Dispute
Settlement Board ...................221
Utilizing the Mediation/
Arbitration Program ...............224
Daytime running lamps
(see Lamps) ................................18
Dipstick
automatic
transmission fluid ...................173
engine oil .................................163
Doors
door ajar warning .....................12
lubricant specifications ..........212
Driveline universal
joint and slip yoke ....................177
232
Driving under
special conditions ..............122,123
mud ..........................................122
sand .........................................122
snow and ice ...........................123
through water ..................122,124
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ..........................152
Emission control system ..........195
Engine .................................214,215
check engine/
service engine soon light ...........8
cleaning ...................................204
coolant .....................................168
idle speed control ...................178
lubrication
specifications ...................212,214
refill capacities ........................209
service points ............160,161,162
starting after a collision .........138
Engine block heater .................104
Engine oil ..................................163
checking and adding ..............163
dipstick ....................................163
filter, specifications .........165,209
recommendations ...................165
refill capacities ........................209
specifications ...................212,214
Exhaust fumes ..........................105
Fluid capacities .........................209
Foglamps .....................................18
Four-Wheel Drive vehicles ..12,119
control trac ...............................24
description ..............................119
driving off road .......................121
electronic shift ...................24,119
indicator light .........................119
preparing to drive your
vehicle .....................................110
Fuel ............................................186
calculating fuel economy .......192
cap ...........................................188
Index
capacity ...................................209
choosing the right fuel ...........189
comparisons with EPA fuel
economy estimates .................195
detergent in fuel .....................191
filling your vehicle
with fuel ....................186,188,192
filter, specifications .........192,209
fuel pump shut-off switch .....138
gauge .........................................14
improving fuel economy ........192
octane rating .............190,214,215
quality ......................................190
running out of fuel .................191
safety information relating to
automotive fuels .....................186
Fuses ...................................140,141
Gas cap (see Fuel cap) ............188
Gas mileage
(see Fuel economy) .................192
Gauges .........................................14
battery voltage gauge ...............17
engine coolant
temperature gauge ...................15
engine oil pressure gauge ........17
fuel gauge ..................................14
odometer ...................................16
speedometer .............................16
tachometer ................................15
trip odometer ............................16
GAWR
(Gross Axle Weight Rating) .....125
calculating ...............................127
definition .................................125
driving with a heavy load ......125
location ....................................125
GVWR (Gross
Vehicle Weight Rating) .............125
calculating ........................125,127
definition .................................125
driving with a heavy load ......125
location ....................................125
Hazard flashers .........................138
Headlamps ...................................18
aiming ......................................202
bulb specifications ..................201
daytime running lights .............18
flash to pass ..............................19
high beam ............................11,18
replacing bulbs .......................197
turning on and off ....................18
warning chime ..........................13
Heating ........................................19
heater only system ...................19
Hood ..........................................159
Ignition ................................214,215
positions of the ignition ...........54
Infant seats (see Safety seats) ..94
Inspection/maintenance (I/M)
testing ........................................196
Instrument panel
cleaning ...................................207
cluster ...................................8,207
lighting up
panel and interior .....................19
location of components ..............8
Jump-starting your vehicle ......152
Keys
key in ignition chime ...............13
positions of the ignition ...........54
Lamps
bulb replacement
specifications chart ................201
cargo lamps ...............................19
daytime running light ...............18
fog lamps ...................................18
headlamps .................................18
headlamps, flash to pass ..........19
instrument panel, dimming .....19
interior lamps .........................202
replacing bulbs ..197,199,200,201
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ........................54
Lights, warning and indicator ......8
233
Index
air bag ........................................10
anti-lock brakes (ABS) .....10,108
anti-theft ...................................11
brake ..........................................10
charging system ........................11
check coolant ............................12
check engine ...............................8
cruise indicator .........................12
door ajar ....................................12
fuel reset ...................................10
high beam .................................11
overdrive off ..............................11
safety belt .................................10
speed control ............................59
turn signal indicator .................11
Load limits .................................125
GAWR ......................................125
GVWR ......................................125
trailer towing ..........................125
Loading instructions .................126
Lubricant specifications ....212,214
Lumbar support, seats ...............71
Manual transmission .................116
fluid capacities ........................209
lubricant specifications ..........214
reverse .....................................118
Mirrors
cleaning ...................................208
side view mirrors (power) .......62
Motorcraft parts .................192,209
Octane rating ............................190
Odometer .....................................16
Oil (see Engine oil) ..................163
Overdrive .....................................59
Panic alarm feature, remote
entry system ................................64
Parking brake ............................108
Parts (see Motorcraft parts) ....209
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ...............................144
Power door locks ........................62
Power steering ..........................109
234
fluid, checking and adding ....173
fluid, refill capacity ................209
fluid, specifications ..........212,214
Preparing to
drive your vehicle .....................110
Radio ............................................26
Relays ........................................140
Remote entry system ............63,64
illuminated entry ......................67
locking/unlocking doors ...........64
panic alarm ...............................64
replacement/additional
transmitters ...............................66
replacing the batteries .............65
Safety belts (see Safety
restraints) ...........13,72,73,74,75,76
Safety defects, reporting ..........230
Safety restraints ......72,73,74,75,76
belt minder ...............................80
cleaning the safety belts ...83,207
extension assembly ..................79
for adults ....................73,74,75,76
for children ...............................93
lap belt ......................................78
warning light
and chime ........................10,13,79
Safety seats for children ............94
Seat belts
(see Safety restraints) ...............72
Seats ............................................70
child safety seats ......................94
SecuriLock passive
anti-theft system ...............67,68,69
Servicing your vehicle ..............158
Snowplowing .................................3
Spark plugs,
specifications ...............209,214,215
Special notice ................................3
ambulance conversions ..............3
utility-type vehicles ....................3
Specification chart,
lubricants ............................212,214
Index
Speed control ..............................55
Speedometer ...............................16
Starting your vehicle .........100,102
jump starting ..........................152
Steering wheel
tilting .........................................60
Tachometer .................................15
Tires ......................147,181,182,183
changing ...........................147,150
checking the pressure ............183
replacing ..................................184
rotating ....................................183
snow tires and chains ............185
tire grades ...............................182
treadwear ................................182
Towing .......................................183
recreational towing .................136
wrecker ....................................157
Traction-lok rear axle ...............124
Transfer case
fluid checking .........................177
Transmission
automatic operation ...............111
fluid, checking and adding
(automatic) .............................173
fluid, checking and adding
(manual) .................................176
fluid, refill capacities ..............209
lubricant specifications ...212,214
manual operation ....................116
Trip odometer .............................16
Turn signal .............................11,54
Vehicle dimensions ...................215
Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN) ..........................................217
Vehicle loading ..........................125
camper bodies ........................136
Ventilating your vehicle ...........105
Warning chimes ...........................13
Warning lights (see Lights) .........8
Washer fluid ..............................168
Water, Driving through .............124
Windows
power .........................................61
Windshield washer fluid
and wipers
checking and adding fluid .....168
checking and cleaning ............180
operation ...................................61
replacing wiper blades ...........181
Wrecker towing .........................157
235
236
237
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Filling station information
Item
Required fuel
Fuel tank capacity (Regular
cab-Short wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity (Regular
cab-Long wheel base)
Fuel tank capacity (SuperCab)
Engine oil capacity (includes filter
change)-2.5L I4 and 3.0L V6
engines
Information
Refer to 9Octane
recommendations9 in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
62.4L (16.5 gallons)
75.7 (20.0 gallons)
73.8L (19.5 gallons)
4.3L (4.5 quarts). Use Motorcraft
SAE 5W-30 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Engine oil capacity (includes filter 4.7L (5.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
change)-4.0L V6 engine
SAE 5W-30 Super Premium Motor
Oil, Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Tire size and pressure
Refer to the Certification Label on
inside of driver’s door.
Hood release
Pull handle under the left side of
the instrument panel.
10.0L (10.5 quarts)
Coolant capacity-2.5L I4 with
manual transmission 1
Coolant capacity-2.5L I4 with
9.7L (10.2 quarts)
automatic transmission 1
14.3L (15.1 quarts)
Coolant capacity-3.0L V6 with
manual transmission 1
Coolant capacity-3.0L V6 with
14.0L (14.8 quarts)
automatic transmission 1
Coolant capacity-4.0L V6 with
13.0L (13.7 quarts)
manual transmission 1
Coolant capacity-4.0L V6 with
12.5L (13.2 quarts)
automatic transmission 1
Power steering fluid capacity
Fill to range on dipstick. Use
Motorcraft MERCONt ATF.
239
Filling station information
Item
Information
Manual transmission fluid capacity 2.65L (2.8 quarts). Use Motorcraft
MERCONt ATF. 2
Automatic transmission fluid
9.4L (9.9 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity-4x2 vehicles with I4
MERCONtV ATF. 2, 3
engine
Automatic transmission fluid
9.5L (10.0 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity-4x2 vehicles with V6
MERCONtV ATF. 2, 3
engine
Automatic transmission fluid
9.8L (10.3 quarts). Use Motorcraft
capacity-4x4 vehicles
MERCONtV ATF. 2, 3
Windshield washer fluid
2.6L (2.75 quarts). Use Ultra-Clear
Windshield Washer Concentrate.
1
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in color). DO NOT USE Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is used. Transmission
fluid requirements are indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick
handle. MERCONt and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance
Guide to determine the correct service interval.
3
Approximate dry capacity, includes cooler and tubes. Fluid level should
be checked by a qualified service technician.
240