Specifications | Ford 2003 Explorer Automobile User Manual

Table of contents
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Servicing your vehicle
5
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notice and without incurring obligation.
Copyright © 2003 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
Introduction
ABOUT THIS SUPPLEMENT
This booklet supplements your Owner Guide and is part of the owner’s
portfolio. It describes the operation of your natural gas vehicle (NGV)
and how it differs from a standard gasoline powered vehicle. Therefore it
is very important that you read this guide and thoroughly familiarize
yourself and others operating the vehicle with this information.
Some of the information in this supplement replaces certain instructions
in the Owner Guide. Please read this supplement carefully and
completely. Refer to the Owner Guide for complete vehicle information.
WARNINGS
Warnings remind you to be especially careful in those areas of the
vehicle where carelessness can cause damage to your vehicle or possible
personal injury to yourself, your passengers or others. Please read all
warnings carefully.
ABOUT THE WARRANTIES
The normal vehicle warranties will apply to your NGV. For further
information, refer to your Warranty Information Booklet.
Specified maintenance procedures must be followed. Repairs must be
made by trained personnel.
It is important that your NGV be properly maintained by qualified Ford
trained gaseous fuel service technicians. If a problem occurs, it is
important that properly trained personnel diagnose and repair the cause.
If the problem relates to the fuel system, proper part replacement is
imperative to keep your vehicle operating correctly. NGV fuel system
components and standard gasoline fuel system components are not
interchangeable. If your NGV is not maintained in accordance with
approved service procedures, damage may occur and your warranty may
be invalidated.
Any modification to the fuel system of your NGV voids the Ford New
Vehicle Limited Warranty.
2
Introduction
COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) FUEL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with a dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG)
fuel system that is under high pressure.
Depending upon the application, the CNG fuel system is rated at a pressure
of 20,700 kPa (3,000 psi) at 21°C (70°F) or 24,800 kPa (3,600 psi) at
21°C (70°F). Refer to the label on the fuel filler door to determine the
fuel system pressure rating.
Use caution when servicing or maintaining any of the components of the
CNG fuel system.
Service to high-pressure fuel system components must be
conducted only at qualified dealerships by qualified technicians.
Failure to do so may cause damage to components or cause bodily
harm.
On F-150 Heritage natural gas vehicles, do not modify or replace the
bed with any non-OEM components. Should the bed need to be removed
for service or replacement, it should be done by a qualified dealership
using qualified technicians. Do not sit, stand or place heavy loads on the
in-bed or in-vehicle tank covers. Any bed cap added to this vehicle must
be well ventilated. Failure to provide adequate ventilation could result in
gas vapor build up over time potentially resulting in a combustible
mixture.
FUSES/ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
NGV fuse strategy may be different than a non-NGV. Consult the Fuses
and Relays section in the Roadside emergencies chapter of your
Owner’s Guide for differences.
3
Instrumentation
Instrumentation
FUEL GAUGE
The fuel gauge in your NGV behaves similarly to a typical gasoline fuel
gauge. However, the gauge operation is based on the pressure and
temperature of the natural gas, not on the level of liquid gasoline.
Depending upon application, a fuel gauge reading of Full will occur at a
pressure of approximately 20,700 kPa (3,000 psi) or 24,800 kPa (3,600 psi),
at a temperature of approximately 21°C (70°F). The NGV fuel gauge will
provide a linear reading from this point down to Empty. Refer to the
Fueling section of this supplement for more information on fuel gauge
performance during the fast-fill method of fueling.
4
Servicing your vehicle
Servicing your vehicle
CNG FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
The following illustrations depict the major unique components of the
CNG fuel system. All of these unique components are constructed of
special materials that withstand the effects of CNG. NEVER replace a
unique CNG fuel system component with a standard gasoline fuel system
component or any aftermarket component.
E-Series Van
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Servicing your vehicle
E-450 Cutaway
1. Fuel rail sensors - An injection pressure sensor and an engine fuel
temperature sensor provide engine fuel information to the powertrain
control module.
2. Isolation solenoid valve - Blocks fuel flow from supply line to
injection manifold when the engine is off.
3. Engine - A modified 5.4L gasoline engine with Sequential Electronic Fuel
Injection (SEFI), an improved valvetrain and a high compression ratio.
4. Powertrain control module - Uniquely calibrated for NGV application.
5. Extended range fuel tank - An optional steel fuel tank located in
the cargo area.
6. Sealed vent box - Dispenses natural gas vapor to atmosphere if
vapor becomes present.
7. Internal tank valve - One electronically actuated, normally closed
solenoid valve is located in each fuel tank. The valve is wired into the
vehicle’s inertia switch. If the engine cranks but does not start after a
collision, the fuel solenoid valve inertia switch may have been activated.
The inertia switch is a device intended to close the fuel solenoid valve
when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
8. Stone shield(s) - Protective shield(s) to prevent damage to the fuel
tank(s) caused by road debris or other road hazards.
6
Servicing your vehicle
9. Aft axle fuel tanks - Two steel fuel tanks located behind the rear axle.
10. Midship fuel tank - A steel fuel tank located underbody.
11. High pressure fuel lines - Delivers high pressure fuel to the fuel
tanks and fuel pressure regulator.
12. Fuel pressure regulator/Coalescent fuel filter - Reduces fuel
pressure and removes impurities from the gas.
13. Low pressure fuel line - Supplies natural gas to the injectors.
14. AFV module - Contains the unique powertrain electronics that are
required for an NGV.
F-150 Heritage Pick-up
1. Fuel rail sensors - An injection pressure sensor and an engine fuel
temperature sensor provide engine fuel information to the powertrain
control module.
2. Isolation solenoid valve - Blocks flow from supply line to injection
manifold when the engine is off.
3. Engine - A modified 5.4L gasoline engine with Sequential Electronic Fuel
Injection (SEFI), an improved valvetrain and a high compression ratio.
4. Powertrain control module - Uniquely calibrated for NGV application.
5. Internal tank valve - One electronically actuated, normally closed
solenoid valve is located in each fuel tank. The valve is wired into the
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Servicing your vehicle
vehicle’s inertia switch. If the engine cranks but does not start after a
collision, the fuel solenoid valve inertia switch may have been activated.
The inertia switch is a device intended to close the fuel solenoid valve
when your vehicle has been involved in a substantial jolt.
6. Standard fuel tanks - Two steel fuel tanks located in the bed of the
truck.
6b. In-bed tank cover - Cover to prevent damage to the fuel tanks.
Protective shield to prevent damage to the fuel tank caused by road
debris or other road hazards. Do not sit, stand or place heavy loads
on the fuel tank cover.
7. Stone shield - Protective shield to prevent damage to the fuel tank
caused by road debris or other road hazards.
8. Underbody fuel tank - A steel fuel tank located underbody.
9. High pressure fuel lines - Delivers high pressure fuel to the fuel
tanks and fuel pressure regulator.
10. Fuel pressure regulator/Coalescent fuel filter - Reduces fuel
pressure and removes impurities from the gas.
11. Low pressure fuel line - Supplies natural gas to the injectors.
12. AFV module - Contains the unique powertrain electronics that are
required for an NGV.
Crown Victoria
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19
18
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1. NGV module - Provides power for the fuel injectors. Also, drives the
fuel gauge using fuel tank pressure and temperature sensors.
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Servicing your vehicle
2. Isolation solenoid valve - Blocks flow from the injection manifold
when the engine is off.
3. Engine - Is a modified 4.6L engine with Sequential Electronic Fuel
Injection (SEFI) and increased compression ratio.
4. Engine coolant lines - Provide required heat to high pressure
regulator.
5. Powertrain control module - Required for NGV application.
6. Sealed vent box - Vented to underbody. Dispenses natural gas vapor
to atmosphere if vapor becomes present.
7. Tank pressure sensor - Fuel tank pressure sensor located in this
tank’s solenoid valve is used for fuel indication.
8. Solenoid tank valves - One solenoid per tank. Internal valves with
shut-off solenoids wired into inertia circuit for crash protection.
9. Two fuel tanks - Located in the trunk. On taxi or police vehicles, an
extended range fuel system is available which includes one additional NG
fuel tank mounted in the trunk (total of three).
10. Fueling point - Fueling receptacle is conveniently located with the
fuel door. Same location as gasoline fueled vehicles.
11. Tank shield- Protective shield able to prevent damage to the fuel
tanks caused by trunk cargo.
12. Tank temperature sensors - One each in set of tanks (solenoid
valves) used for fuel indication.
13. Optional fuel tank - A fiber-wrapped steel fuel tank (total of three
tanks in the trunk). Also has a sealed vent box which vents to the
underbody. Dispenses natural gas vapor to the atmosphere if vapor is
present.
14. Two fuel tanks - Located underbody to facilitate fuel system design.
15. Stone and heat shield - Protective shield able to prevent damage to
the fuel tanks caused by road debris or other road hazards.
16. High pressure fuel lines - Delivers high pressure fuel to the
pressure regulator.
17. Pressure regulator and coalescent fuel filter assembly Reduces the fuel pressure to the fuel injector.
18. Low pressure fuel lines - Supplies natural gas to the engine.
19. Fuel rail sensors - One injection pressure sensor and one engine
fuel temperature sensor provide engine fuel information to the PCM.
9
Servicing your vehicle
ADAPTERS
DO NOT use fuel receptacle adapters when refueling your vehicle.
The profiles of both the natural gas vehicle receptacle and the fuel
station nozzles are specified by ANSI/AGA NGV1-1994, CGA NGV1-M94.
These profiles are specified for compressed natural gas vehicles and fuel
stations for safety purposes. Three separate adapter profiles are
available. P24, P30 and P36 respectively, are specified for the three
different service pressures of 16,500 kPa (2,400 psi), 20,700 kPa
(3,000 psi) and 24,800 kPa (3,600 psi).
Your vehicle’s service pressure may be 20,700 kPa (3,000 psi) or 24,800 kPa
(3,600 psi), depending upon application. Refer to the label on the fuel filler
door:
• If your vehicle’s fuel system is rated at 20,700 kPa (3,000 psi), it can
be refueled using a P30 or P24 nozzle. However, use of a P24 nozzle
will result in an incomplete fill.
• If your vehicle’s fuel system is rated at 24,800 kPa (3,600 psi), it can
be refueled using a P36, P30 or P24 nozzle. However, use of a P30 or
P24 nozzle will result in an incomplete fill.
DO NOT over pressurize the CNG fuel system or damage to the
fuel system and possible personal injury may occur.
NATURAL GAS DISPENSING
Do not use liquefied natural gas (LNG) or a CNG that is derived
from a process such as flashing (heating LNG). Failure to use the
correct type of fuel may cause damage to the engine and fuel
system components.
Most dispensers have a digital indicator displaying the cost and amount
of fuel delivered to your vehicle. Fuel delivery to the vehicle is stopped
when the pressure of fuel stored on the vehicle equalizes with the
temperature compensated pressure of fuel stored at the station. As the
pressure between the station and vehicle equalizes, the cost and quantity
meters slow to a near stop. When this occurs, refueling is complete.
Certain noises can be expected during the refueling process and may
vary depending on the type of fuel station and your proximity to the fuel
compression and storage equipment. At the beginning of refueling you
might hear the rushing noise of gas entering the vehicle through the
station hose and tubing. At the end of refueling, the fuel receptacle on
the vehicle may make a high pitch noise or chatter. This is another
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Servicing your vehicle
indication that refueling is nearly complete. Also, the station compression
equipment may turn on at any time during the refueling process.
FUEL QUALITY
Do not use liquefied natural gas (LNG) or a CNG that is derived
from a process such as flashing (heating LNG). Failure to use the
correct type of fuel may cause damage to the engine and fuel
system components.
Use only a CNG fuel that meets the specification of NFPA-52 and SAE
J1616 in your NGV. Specifications NFPA-52 and SAE J1616 place limits
on particulate contamination, oil contamination and moisture content to
ensure a quality CNG fuel.
The use of a CNG fuel that does not meet specifications NFPA-52 and
SAE J1616 is not recommended and may cause engine damage.
Use of poor quality CNG fuel may result in:
• component failure.
• leakage from the fueling point.
• poor vehicle operation.
Use of poor quality fuel may also result in your warranty being
invalidated.
Icing while fueling your vehicle
An icing condition may occur after fueling your vehicle. This may be due
to changes in fuel moisture content, quite often seen during change of
seasons. This condition causes your vehicle’s fuel fill valve to remain
slightly open, allowing some natural gas to be released.
Breathing hydrocarbon gases (CNG) or air which lacks oxygen
due to the presence of hydrocarbon gases can result in
headache, dizziness and weakness in the arms and legs. In the event of
illness due to inhaling hydrocarbon gases, immediately move the victim
to fresh air and contact medical emergency personnel.
The icing condition may be observed when disconnecting the fuel
dispenser’s fill nozzle from your vehicle. You may notice more gas than
normal venting from the vehicle fill valve through the vent hose to the
dispenser. If this occurs, keep the fill nozzle connected (or reconnect it)
and wait about 30 seconds. This will allow the ice to melt. Repeat this
procedure as necessary. When normal fuel venting occurs, remove the fill
nozzle and stow it as instructed on the dispenser.
Do not fuel your vehicle with the ignition in the ON position; doing so
may increase the amount of fuel venting during this icing condition.
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Servicing your vehicle
SERVICING YOUR NATURAL GAS VEHICLE
Service to the CNG fuel system should be conducted at a
qualified dealership by a trained NGV technician only. Failure to
do so may cause damage to components or cause bodily harm.
FUELING
Do not fuel your vehicle with the ignition on the ON position. Failure to
do so may cause component damage.
Fueling a NGV, with a few exceptions, is very similar to fueling a gasoline
vehicle. The same care and cautions used when fueling a gasoline vehicle
should be exercised when fueling a NGV. In particular, for safety reasons,
an engine must always be turned off when refueling is occurring. Always
use the recommended fill nozzle to refuel your vehicle.
The fueling point, or fuel receptacle is located near the driver’s side.
When refueling, the engine must be shut off.
Two methods for filling the fuel tanks are available to NGV owners. The
fast-fill method, described below, is available at many of the commercial
and privately owned filling stations. The slow-fill method, also described
below, is available for purchase or lease from a number of commercial or
natural gas utility companies.
Fast fill procedure
“Fast-filling” a NGV involves rapidly (typical fill time: 3–5 minutes)
raising the pressure in the vehicle’s tanks by “fast-fill” refueling station.
“Fast-filling” a vehicle provides the greatest convenience to the driver in
terms of time spent refueling. However, present “fast-fill” refueling
technology does not presently allow a NGV to be completely refueled to
its maximum rated capacity. Therefore, “fast-filling” results in a reduced
driving range and an initial fuel gauge reading of Full. However, within
approximately 10 minutes, the fuel gauge of a NGV that has been
“fast-filled” will drop about 1⁄8th of a tank lower to reflect the reduced
amount of fuel that was actually added.
Slow fill procedure
“Slow-filling” a NGV involves slowly raising the pressure in the vehicle’s
fuel tank(s) by a slow fill station (typical fill rate: 6-8 hours).
“Slow-filling” usually is done overnight and allows the greatest amount of
fuel to be added to a NGV. A properly functioning “slow-fill” refueling
station will fill the NGV’s fuel tank(s) to a fuel gauge reading of “full” at
a temperature of 21°C (70°F).
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Servicing your vehicle
Use caution when fueling your vehicle. Make sure the engine is
turned off and all flammable material is extinguished. Observe all
Dispensing Equipment Safety Standards and Operating Procedures.
The procedure is the same for both fast-fill and slow-fill fueling.
1. Open fuel door and determine the pressure rating of your vehicle’s
fuel system.
2. Remove protective cap from the vehicle’s fuel receptacle. Remove any
debris that may be present.
3. Follow the natural gas fueling procedures provided by the natural gas
dealer and dispense the CNG until the fuel tanks are full or until the flow
stops.
4. When refueling is complete, follow the natural gas dispensing
equipment’s operating procedures to shut the natural gas flow off.
5. Remove the dispensing connector and put protective cap on the
vehicle’s fuel receptacle. Close the fuel door.
Refill capacities — BTU equivalent to gasoline
E-Series (3000 psi)
Fueling method Standard tank
With extended range tank
Slow-fill
60.9L (16.1 gallons) 92.7L (24.5 gallons)
Fast-fill
51.8L (13.7 gallons) 78.7L (20.8 gallons)
E-Series (3600 psi)
Fueling method Standard tank
With extended range tank
Slow-fill
70.0L (18.5 gallons) 106.0L (28.0 gallons)
Fast-fill
59.4L (15.7 gallons) 90.1L (23.8 gallons)
Fueling
method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
E-Series Cutaway 158” Wheelbase (3000 psi)
Standard
With Extended With Extended
tanks
Range - One
Range - Two
In-body Tank
In-body Tanks
55.3L
84.0L
112.4L
(14.6 gallons)
(22.2 gallons)
(29.7 gallons)
46.9L
71.2L
95.8L
(12.4 gallons)
(18.8 gallons)
(25.3 gallons)
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Servicing your vehicle
Fueling
method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
Fueling
method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
Fueling
method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
E-Series Cutaway 158” Wheelbase (3600 psi)
Standard
With Extended With Extended
tanks
Range - One
Range - Two
In-body Tank
In-body Tanks
63.2L
96.1L
128.7
(16.7 gallons)
(25.4 gallons)
(34.0 gallons)
53.8L
81.8L
109.4L
(14.2 gallons)
(21.6 gallons)
(28.9 gallons)
E-Series Cutaway 176” Wheelbase (3000 psi)
Standard
With Extended With Extended
tanks
Range - One
Range - Two
In-body Tank
In-body Tanks
60.9L
89.7L
118.1L
(16.1 gallons)
(23.7 gallons)
(31.2 gallons)
76.1L
100.7L
51.8L
(13.7 gallons)
(20.1 gallons)
(26.6 gallons)
E-Series Cutaway 176” Wheelbase (3600 psi)
Standard
With Extended With Extended
tanks
Range - One
Range - Two
In-body Tank
In-body Tanks
70.0L
102.6L
135.5
(18.5 gallons)
(27.1 gallons)
(35.8 gallons)
59.4L
87.1L
115.1L
(15.7 gallons)
(23.0 gallons)
(30.4 gallons)
Fueling method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
F-150 Heritage (3000 psi)
Standard tanks
71.9L (19.0 gallons)
60.9L (16.1 gallons)
Fueling method
Slow-fill
Fast-fill
F-150 Heritage (3600 psi)
Standard tanks
82.1L (21.7 gallons)
70.0L (18.5 gallons)
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Servicing your vehicle
Crown Victoria (3600 psi)
Fueling method
Standard tanks
With extended range
system 1
Slow-fill
45.0L (11.9 gallons)
59.1L (15.6 gallons)
Fast-fill
38.2L (10.1 gallons)
50.3L (13.3 gallons)
1
Police and Taxi vehicles.
Extended range fuel system
Crown Victoria Police and Taxi vehicles with the extended range fuel
system have a 5–passenger seating configuration with one additional
CNG fuel tank mounted in the luggage compartment.
E-Series vehicles with the extended range fuel system have one
additional CNG fuel tank mounted in the cargo area behind the rear seat.
TRAILER TOWING
On F-150 Heritage models, your NGV has the capability for towing up to
2,267 kg (5,000 lbs.) using the factory installed step-bumper. It is
recommended that the vehicle NOT be modified for towing (i.e.-any
frame-mounted hitches).
Crown Victoria and E-Series Van/Wagon and Cutaway models are not
equipped with a trailer towing option. It is recommended that the vehicle
NOT be modified for towing.
TOWING YOUR CNG VEHICLE
Refer to your Owner’s Guide for towing procedure except E-Series
vehicles with the optional tank package which MUST be flat-bed towed.
NGV REFUELING STATIONS
To obtain a directory of all the refueling stations in the United States,
contact the American Gas Association (AGA) at (703) 841–8400 or the
national website: www.afdc.doe.gov/refueling.html. In Canada, contact
Union Gas at 1–800–265–5277.
SERVICING YOUR VEHICLE
The following is a brief description of unique maintenance items for your
NGV. For a complete list of maintenance items and intervals, refer to
your Service Guide.
Tank inspection and replacement
For your protection, the CNG fuel tanks require visual inspection every
three years or 58,000 kilometers (36,000 miles) whichever comes first.
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Servicing your vehicle
The purpose of the inspection is to check for exterior damage to the
tank which would shorten its usable life span. This inspection should
only be done by qualified NGV Ford service technicians.
The expiration date for the tank replacement is stated on each tank label
See instructions on fuel container for inspection and service life.
Coalescent fuel filter assembly
Your vehicle is equipped with a coalescent fuel filter assembly. Its
primary function is to remove contaminants; oil and water carryover
moisture from the fuel and trap it in the filter bowl.
The coalescent filter bowl should be drained every 48,000 kilometers
(30,000 miles). Perform fuel system depressurization procedure (outlined
in Service Manual) before disassembling the filter to avoid fuel pressure
regulator damage. The filter element (FG-985) and housing O-ring seal
should also be replaced as specified in the Scheduled Maintenence
Guide.
Spark plugs
Replace spark plugs every 96,000 kilometers (60,000 miles) on E-Series
and F-150 Heritage models and every 60,000 km (36,000 miles) on
Crown Victoria models. Use recommended nickel-plated platinum spark
plugs with the Motorcraft part number AWSF-22FM1 (or equivalent) on
E-Series and F-150 Heritage models and spark plugs with the Motorcraft
part number AWSF-22FM (or equivalent) on Crown Victoria models.
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