Specifications | Ford 2003 Mustang Automobile User Manual

Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
16
Seating and safety restraints
74
Starting and driving
Starting
102
Driving
107
Roadside emergencies
124
Servicing
Maintenance and care
141
Capacities and specifications
190
Customer assistance
200
Reporting safety defects
215
Index
216
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic
or mechanical including photocopying, recording or by any
information storage and retrieval system or translation in
whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert.
Read the following
section on Warnings.
Indicates vehicle
information related to
recycling and other
environmental
concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the authorized disposal of
waste cleaning and lubrication materials are
significant steps towards protecting the
environment.
Indicates a message
regarding child safety
restraints. Refer to
Seating and safety
restraints for more information.
Indicates that this
Owner Guide contains
information on this
subject. Please refer to
the Index to locate the appropriate section which
will provide you more information.
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the
risk of personal injury and prevent possible damage
to others, your vehicle and its equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your
vehicle. During the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of
driving, vary speeds frequently. This is necessary to
give the moving parts a chance to break in.
2
Introduction
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at
the time of printing. Ford may change the contents
without notice and without incurring obligation.
SPECIAL NOTICES
Notice to owners of natural flexible fuel vehicles
Before you drive your vehicle, be sure to read the
“Flexible Fuel Vehicle Owner’s Guide Supplement”.
This book contains important operation and
maintenance information.
3
Instrumentation
Instrument
cluster
(pg. 6)
Headlamp control
(pg. 16)
–
40
F
H
E
C
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
COOLANT
Trunk
release —
sedan only
(pg. 57)
Parking brake
release
(pg. 109)
Rear window
wiper and washer
— wagon only
(pg. 50)
4
80
THEFT
0
40
160
R N
Driver side
air bag
(pg. 88)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control
(pg. 49)
140
km/h180
0 MPH
D
4
5
2
120
0 00013
20
P
3
80
100
60
20
+
50
60
0 1 2 2 70
30
FUEL DOOR>
D 1
RPMx1000
90
6
1
100
0
110
O/D
OFF
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
7
CRUISE
Speed
control
(pg. 45)
!
P
BRAKE
Instrumentation
Electronic
sound system
(pg. 29)
AM
FM 12
AMC
w
BL
RF
H
Passenger side
air bag
(pg. 89)
M
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
REW
EJECT
SEEK
FF
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
1
3
2
4
w
5
TAPE SIDE
6
FADE
TAPE
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
Climate control
systems
(pg. 18)
Gearshift
(pg. 111)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
Standard instrument cluster
–
H
30
80
FUEL DOOR>
E
C
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
10
20
0
THEFT
km/h180
MPH
P
R N
D
5
D 1
RPMx1000
90
140
6
1
160
0
LOW
COOLANT
4
2
120
0 00013
40
3
80
100
60
20
+
50
60
0 1 2 2 70
40
F
100
7
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
0
110
ABS
O/D
OFF
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Optional instrument cluster
F
FUEL DOOR>
0 00000
20
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
COOLANT
3
90
60
C
+
100
30
E
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
100
20
180
MPH
THEFT
P
2
140
km/h
R N D 2 1
5
6
1
7
110
120
4
RPMx1000
0 O/D
OFF
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
ABS
8
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Turn signal
Illuminates when the
left or right turn signal
or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or
both of the indicators stay on continuously or flash
faster, check for a burned-out turn signal bulb. Refer
to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the
high beam headlamps
are turned on.
6
Instrumentation
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
position to remind you
to fasten your safety belts. For more information,
refer to the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the
ignition is in the ON or
START position and
any door is open.
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is
SERVICE
ENGINE
equipped with a
SOON
computer that monitors
the engine’s emission
control system. This
system is commonly known as the On Board
Diagnostics System (OBD II). The OBD II system
protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission
standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates
when the ignition is first turned to the ON position
to check the bulb. If it comes on after the engine is
started, one of the engine’s emission control systems
may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate
without a driveability concern being noted. The
vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon
light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a
malfunction.
7
Instrumentation
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service
Engine Soon light to illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may
misfire or run poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed
and securely tightened.
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by
filling the fuel tank with good quality fuel and/or
properly installing and securely tightening the gas
cap. After three driving cycles without these or any
other temporary malfunctions present, the Service
Engine Soon light should turn off. (A driving cycle
consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed
city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is
required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have
your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your
catalytic converter. You should drive in a moderate
fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and deceleration)
and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive
exhaust temperatures could damage the
catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior floor
coverings or other vehicle components, possibly
causing a fire.
Low fuel
Illuminates as an early
reminder of a low fuel
condition indicated on
the fuel gauge. The
light comes on when there is approximately 1/16th
8
Instrumentation
of a tank indicated on the fuel gauge (refer to Fuel
gauge in this chapter for more information). The
ignition must be in the ON position for this lamp to
illuminate. The lamp will also illuminate for several
seconds after the ignition is turned to the ON
position regardless of the fuel level.
Low coolant (if equipped)
This lamp will
LOW
illuminate when the
COOLANT
engine coolant inside
the reservoir is low.
This lamp will come on
when the ignition is first turned on, but then should
turn off. If the lamp stays on, you should check the
coolant level inside the reservoir. For instructions on
adding coolant, see Engine coolant in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to Perimeter
alarm system (if
THEFT
equipped) and
SecuriLocky passive
anti-theft system in the Controls and features
chapter.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
ABS
turned on and the
engine is off. If the
light does not illuminate momentarily at start up,
remains on or continues to flash, the ABS needs to
be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal braking is still
effective unless the brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released.
9
Instrumentation
Speed control (if equipped)
This light comes on
CRUISE
when either the
SET/ACCEL or
RESUME controls are
pressed. It turns off
when the speed control OFF control is pressed, the
brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF
position.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates
!
P
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
BRAKE
position, the engine is
off and the parking brake is engaged. If the brake
warning lamp does not illuminate at this time, seek
service immediately. Illumination after releasing the
parking brake indicates low brake fluid level and the
brake system should be inspected immediately.
Engine oil pressure
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
position and the engine
is off. Illuminates when the oil pressure falls below
the normal range. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible and switch off the engine immediately.
Check the oil level and add oil if needed. Refer to
Engine oil in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
Charging system
Illuminates when the
ignition is turned to
the ON position and
the engine is off. The
light also illuminates when the battery is not
charging properly, requiring electrical system
service.
10
Instrumentation
Air bag readiness
Momentarily
illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON.
If the light fails to
illuminate, continues to flash or remains on, have
the system serviced immediately.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime,
refer to the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning
chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the
OFF/LOCK or ACC position and the driver’s door is
opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are
on, the ignition is off (and the key is not in the
ignition) and the driver’s door is opened.
11
Instrumentation
GAUGES
Standard instrument cluster gauges
–
H
30
80
FUEL DOOR>
E
C
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
0
THEFT
160
km/h180
MPH
P
R N
D
5
D 1
RPMx1000
90
140
20
0
LOW
COOLANT
4
2
120
0 00013
40
3
80
100
60
20
+
50
60
0 1 2 2 70
40
F
6
1
100
7
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
0
110
ABS
O/D
OFF
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Optional instrument cluster gauges
F
FUEL DOOR>
0 00000
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
COOLANT
2
140
100
MPH
THEFT
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
5
6
RPMx1000
7
1
20
180
4
3
90
60
20
C
+
100
30
E
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
110
0 O/D
120
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
ABS
OFF
Speedometer
Indicates the current vehicle speed.
• Standard instrument
40
cluster
50
60
0 0 0 0 70
30
80
10
120
12
0 00000
40
20
0
0
80
100
60
20
!
P
BRAKE
8
CRUISE
140
160
km/h180
MPH
P
R N
D
D 1
90
100
110
Instrumentation
• Optional instrument
cluster
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
100
30
90
60
0 00000
20
140
100
20
10
110
180
MPH
P
km/h
120
R N D 2 1
Tachometer
Indicates the engine speed in revolutions per
minute.
• Standard instrument
3
4
cluster
5
2
RPMx1000
6
1
0
• Optional instrument
cluster
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
3
2
4
7
5
RPMx1000
6
1
7
0
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
8
Driving with your tachometer pointer in the red
zone may damage the engine.
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the
temperature of the
H
engine coolant. At
normal operating
C
temperature, the
needle remains within
the normal area (the
area between the “H”
and “C”). If it enters the red section, the engine is
13
Instrumentation
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible, switch off the engine immediately and let
the engine cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap
while the engine is running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine
coolant, not the coolant level. If the coolant is not at
its proper level the gauge indication will not be
accurate.
Odometer
Registers the total
kilometers (miles) of
the vehicle.
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
100
30
90
60
0 00000
20
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
120
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
100
30
90
60
0 00000
20
140
100
20
180
MPH
P
14
110
180
MPH
10
100
20
10
Trip odometer
Registers the
kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To
reset, depress the
control.
140
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
120
Instrumentation
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately
how much fuel is in
F
the fuel tank (when
the key is in the ON
position). The fuel
E
gauge may vary slightly
when the vehicle is in
motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF
position while the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small
amount of reserve fuel in the tank. When refueling
the vehicle from empty indication, the amount of
fuel that can be added will be less than the
advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
A minimum of six gallons must be added or removed
from the fuel tank in order for the gauge to
instantaneously update. If less than six gallons is the
change, the gauge will take between five to ten
minutes to update.
15
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp
control to the first
position to turn on the
parking lamps. Rotate
to the second position
to also turn on the
headlamps.
P
PANEL AUTO
DIM LAMP
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the headlamps on with a reduced output. To
activate:
• the ignition must be in the ON position and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking
lamps position.
Always remember to turn on your
headlamps at dusk or during inclement
weather. The Daytime Running Light (DRL)
System does not activate your tail lamps and
generally may not provide adequate lighting during
these conditions. Failure to activate your
headlamps under these conditions may result in a
collision.
High beams
Push forward to
activate.
16
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to
activate and release to
deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the
PANEL AUTO
P
DIM LAMP
brightness of the
instrument panel
during headlamp and
parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to
brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
• Rotate to full up position (past detent) to turn on
interior lamps.
AUTOLAMP CONTROL
The autolamp system
PANEL AUTO
P
DIM LAMP
provides light sensitive
automatic on-off
control of the exterior
lights normally
controlled by the
headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the lights on for a
preselected period of time after the ignition switch
is turned to OFF.
17
Controls and features
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the control up. The
preselected time lapse is adjustable up to
approximately three minutes by continuing to
rotate the control upward.
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control down
until it clicks.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
Clears the rear window of thin ice and fog. To
operate:
1. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
2. Press and release
R-DEF
the control once to
turn on. The light will
be lit while the rear
window defroster is on.
3. Press and release the control again to turn off.
The defroster will automatically turn off after fifteen
minutes.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system
(if equipped)
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of
air circulated in the
vehicle.
18
LO
HI
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the
temperature of the
airflow inside the
vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction
of the airflow to the
inside of the vehicle.
The air conditioning
compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
. However, the air conditioning will only
and
function if the outside temperature is about 10°C
(50°F) or higher.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable
moisture from the air during operation, it is normal
if clear water drips on the ground under the air
conditioner drain while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in any position other
than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is parked.
This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the
outside air inlet duct. In snowy or dirty conditions,
leave the mode selector in the OFF position.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle.
MAX A/C is noisier than A/C but more economical
and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster.
Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers. This mode can also be used to prevent
undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is quieter
than MAX A/C but not as economical. Airflow will be
from the instrument panel registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers. However, the air will not be cooled
below the outside temperature because the air
conditioning does not operate in this mode.
OFF
VENT
A/C
MAX
A/C
19
Controls and features
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not
operate. For short periods of time only, use this
mode to prevent undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
•
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air
through the instrument panel registers and the
floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control
knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full
cold positions, the air distributed through the
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by
•
distributing outside air through the floor ducts.
However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning
does not operate in this mode.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air
•
through the windshield defroster ducts and the
floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control
knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full
cold positions, the air distributed through the
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to reduce fogging.
•
-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts. It can be used to clear
ice or fog from the windshield. If the temperature
is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to reduce
fogging.
20
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This
will prevent your windshield from fogging. After a
few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle,
don’t drive with the climate control system in the
OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will
interfere with the airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow,
ice or leaves from
the air intake area
(at the bottom of
the windshield
under the hood).
• If the air conditioner works well in MAX A/C, but
not in A/C, this may indicate that the cabin air
filter (if equipped) needs to be replaced.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows
closed during hot weather, the air conditioner will
do a much faster job of cooling if you drive for
two or three minutes with the windows open. This
will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Then operate your air conditioner as you
would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument
panel, be careful to not place them over the
defroster outlets. These objects can block airflow
and reduce your ability to see through your
windshield. Also, avoid placing small objects on
top of your instrument panel. These objects can
fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control
system.
21
Controls and features
Do not place objects on top of the
instrument panel, as these objects may
become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control
(EATC) system (if equipped)
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
TEMP
MAX
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
The EATC system will maintain a selected
temperature and automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation with any of the
override controls or the fan speed control.
Turning the EATC on
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
TEMP
MAX
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
Press AUTO, any of the override controls or the fan
speed control. The EATC will only operate when the
ignition is in the ON position.
22
Controls and features
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF. The
Outside Temperature
function will continue
to operate until the
ignition is turned off.
AUTO
OFF
TEMP
MAX
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
Automatic operation
Press AUTO and select the desired temperature.
The selected temperature and the word AUTO will
appear in the display window. The EATC system will
either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically
determine fan speed, airflow location and if fresh
outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed control is
pressed.
When in AUTO and weather conditions require heat,
air will be sent to the floor. However, if the engine is
not warm enough to provide heat, the fan will be at
a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 31⁄2 minutes or less, the fan speed will
start to increase and the airflow location will change
to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging,
etc.), the manual override controls allow you to
select airflow locations and the fan control allows
you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window
AUTO
indicates the selected
temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the
override controls) and
FAN
manual control of fan
) if
speed (
automatic fan speed is not desired.
F
• • •
23
Controls and features
To control the
temperature, select any
temperature between
18°C (65°F) and 29°C
(85°F) by pressing the
temperature control.
— TEMP +
—
+
F-DEF
R-DEF
For continuous maximum cooling, push the
temperature control until 16°C (60°F) is shown in
the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed
temperature) until a warmer temperature is selected
by pressing the temperature control.
For continuous maximum heating, push the
temperature control until 32°C (90°F) is shown in
the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum heating (disregarding the displayed
temperature) until a cooler temperature is selected
by pressing the temperature control.
Temperature conversion
AUTO
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
C
OFF
+
TEMP
MAX
F-DEF
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
Press MAX A/C and F
at the same time (until
the display changes) to switch between Fahrenheit
and Celsius.
24
Controls and features
Fan speed ( )
When AUTO is
— TEMP +
pressed, fan speed is
—
+
adjusted automatically
F-DEF
for existing conditions.
R-DEF
You can override fan
speed at any time. To
control fan speed
manually, press the fan
control to cancel automatic fan speed operation.
Press the control up for higher fan speed or down
for lower fan speed.
The display will show
AUTO
and a bar graph to
F
indicate manual fan
operation and relative
speed.
• • •
FAN
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTO.
Manual override controls
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
TEMP
MAX
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
The override controls are located at the bottom of
the EATC and allow you to determine where airflow
is directed. To return to full automatic control, press
AUTO.
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all
and
. It will also operate only
modes except
when required when AUTO has been selected.
However, the air conditioning will only function if
the outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher.
25
Controls and features
Since the air conditioner removes considerable
moisture from the air during operation, it is normal
if clear water drips on the ground under the air
conditioner drain while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in any position other
than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is parked.
This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the
outside air inlet duct. Prior to turning off the
ignition in snowy or dirty conditions, ensure that the
climate control system is turned off.
-Distributes outside air through the
• F
windshield defroster ducts. It can be used to clear
ice or fog from the windshield. If the outside air
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to reduce fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the
•
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts.
Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or
cooled based on the temperature selection. For
added customer comfort, the air distributed
through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer
than the air sent to the windshield defroster
ducts. If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to reduce fogging.
-Allows for maximum heating by distributing
•
outside air through the floor ducts. However, the
air cannot be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not
operate in this mode.
-Distributes outside air through the
•
instrument panel registers. However, the air
cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
26
Controls and features
•
-Distributes outside air through the instrument
panel registers and the floor ducts. Heating and air
conditioning capabilities are provided in this mode.
The air will be heated or cooled based on the
temperature selection. For added customer comfort,
the air distributed through the floor ducts will be
slightly warmer than the air sent to the instrument
panel registers.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle.
The temperature will remain unchanged and air will
be cooled based on the selected temperature. To
exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other override
controls. MAX A/C is noisier than normal A/C but
more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow is from the instrument panel
registers. This mode can also be used to prevent
undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not
operate. For short periods of time only, use this
mode to reduce undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP
AUTO
to display the outside
OFF
air temperature. It will
OUT
SIDE
be displayed until
TEMP
MAX
OUTSIDE TEMP is
A/C
pressed again or until
VENT
any other control is
pressed. When the
EATC system is off and OUTSIDE TEMP is pressed,
the outside temperature will only be displayed for
four seconds.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate
when the vehicle is moving. Higher readings may be
obtained when the vehicle is not moving. The
readings that you get may not agree with
temperatures given on the radio due to differences
in vehicle and station locations.
27
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select F
before driving.
This will reduce your windshield from fogging.
After a few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle,
don’t drive with the climate control system in the
OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will
interfere with the airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow,
ice or leaves from
the air intake area
(at the bottom of
the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows
closed during hot weather, the air conditioner will
do a much faster job of cooling if you drive for
two or three minutes with the windows open. This
will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Then operate the air conditioner as you
would normally.
• If the air conditioner works well in MAX A/C but
not in normal A/C, this may indicate that the
cabin air filter (if equipped) needs to be replaced.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument
panel, be careful to not place them over the
defroster outlets. These objects can block airflow
and reduce your ability to see through your
windshield. Also, avoid placing small objects on
top of your instrument panel. These objects can
fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control
system.
28
Controls and features
Do not place objects on top of the
instrument panel, as these objects may
become projectiles in a collision or sudden stop.
USING YOUR AUDIO SYSTEM
AM/FM Stereo
AM
FM 12
AMC
w
BL
RF
H
ST
M
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
SEEK
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
FADE
1
2
3
4
5
6
Volume/power control
Press the control to
turn the audio system
on or off.
VOL
PUSH-ON
Turn control to raise or
lower volume.
VOL
PUSH-ON
29
Controls and features
If the volume is set above a certain level and the
ignition is turned off, the volume will come back on
at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition
switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain
your preset volume level, turn the audio system off
with the power control before switching off the
ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select
control works in radio
mode.
AM
FM
VOL
PUSH-ON
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM
frequency bands. Press the control to switch
between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
Tune adjust
The tune control works
in radio.
TUNE
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press the
to move to the next frequency down
the band (whether or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold the control to move through
the frequencies quickly.
• Press the right side of the control to move to the
next frequency up the band (whether or not a
listenable station is located there). Hold for quick
movement.
Seek function
The seek function
control works in radio
mode.
30
SEEK
Controls and features
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
Scan function
The scan function
works in radio mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of
all listenable stations on the frequency band. Press
the control again to stop the scan mode.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory
preset controls. These controls can be used to select
up to six preset AM stations and twelve FM stations
(six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency
band with the AM/FM
select control.
2. Select a station.
VOL
PUSH-ON
Refer to Tune adjust
or Seek function for
more information on selecting a station.
1
2
3
4
5
AM
FM
6
31
Controls and features
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the
sound returns, indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
Bass/treble adjust
• The bass adjust
control allows you to
increase or decrease
the audio system’s
bass output.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
• The treble adjust
control allows you to
increase or decrease
the audio system’s
treble output.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
Speaker balance/fade adjust
• Speaker sound
BASS
distribution can be
adjusted between
the right and left
speakers.
TREB
BAL
FADE
• Speaker sound can
be adjusted between
the front and rear
speakers.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
32
Controls and features
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press
and hold the hour (h)
control. When the
desired hour appears,
release the control.
To set the minute,
press and hold the
minute (m) control.
When the desired
minute appears, release
the control.
H
M
H
M
AM/FM Stereo/Cassette/Ford MACH Audio
System with CD DJ Compatibility
AM
FM 12
AMC
w
BL
RF
H
ST
M
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
EJECT
SEEK
DOLBY B ®
TAPE
CD
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
DISC 1-6
SIDE 1-2
SHUFFLE
1
COMP
2
3
4
REW
5
FF
FADE
6
33
Controls and features
Volume/power control
Press the control to
turn the audio system
on or off.
VOL
PUSH-ON
Turn control to raise or
lower volume.
VOL
PUSH-ON
If the volume is set above a certain level and the
ignition is turned off, the volume will come back on
at a “nominal” listening level when the ignition
switch is turned back on. If you wish to maintain
your preset volume level, turn the audio system off
with the power control before switching off the
ignition.
AM/FM select
The AM/FM select
control works in radio,
tape and CD modes (if
equipped).
AM
FM
VOL
PUSH-ON
AM/FM select in radio mode
This control allows you to select AM or FM
frequency bands. Press the control to switch
between AM, FM1 or FM2 memory preset stations.
AM/FM select in tape mode
Press this control to stop tape play and begin radio
play.
34
Controls and features
AM/FM select in CD mode
Press this control to stop CD play and begin radio
play.
You can switch from CD play to tape play by simply
inserting a tape into the cassette deck.
Tune adjust
The tune control works
in radio or CD mode.
TUNE
DISC 1-6
Tune adjust in radio mode
• Press
to move to the next frequency down the
band (whether or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold the control to move through
the frequencies quickly.
• Press
to move to the next frequency up the
band (whether or not a listenable station is
located there). Hold for quick movement.
Tune adjust for CD mode
• Press the
to select the previous disc in the CD
changer. (Play will begin on the first track of the
disc unless the CD changer is in shuffle mode.
Refer to Shuffle feature for more information.
Hold the control to continue reversing through
the disc.
to select the next disc in the CD
• Press
changer. Hold the control to fast-forward through
the remaining discs.
Seek function
The seek function
control works in radio,
tape or CD mode.
SEEK
Seek function in radio mode
• Press
to find the next listenable station down
the frequency band.
35
Controls and features
• Press
to find the next listenable station up the
frequency band.
Seek function in tape mode
• Press
to listen to the previous selection on the
tape.
• Press
to listen to the next selection on the
tape.
Seek function in CD mode
• Press
to seek to the previous track of the
current disc. If a selection has been playing for
three seconds or more and you press
, the CD
changer will replay that selection from the
beginning.
• Press
to seek forward to the next track of the
current disc. After the last track has been
completed, the first track of the current disc will
automatically replay.
Scan function
The scan function
works in radio, tape or
CD mode.
SCAN
Scan function in radio mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a brief sampling of
all listenable stations on the frequency band. Press
the control again to stop the scan mode.
Scan function in tape mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of
all selections on the tape. (The tape scans in a
forward direction. At the end of the tape’s first side,
direction automatically reverses to the opposite side
of the tape.) To stop on a particular selection, press
the control again.
Scan function in CD mode
Press the SCAN control to hear a short sampling of
all selections on the CD. (The CD scans in a forward
36
Controls and features
direction, wrapping back to the first track at the end
of the CD.) To stop on a particular selection, press
the control again.
Radio station memory preset
The radio is equipped with six station memory
preset controls. These controls can be used to select
up to six preset AM stations and twelve FM stations
(six in FM1 and six in FM2).
Setting memory preset stations
1. Select the frequency
band with the AM/FM
select control.
2. Select a station.
VOL
PUSH-ON
Refer to Tune adjust
or Seek function for
more information on selecting a station.
SIDE 1-2
COMP
SHUFFLE
1
2
3
4
AM
FM
FF
REW
6
5
3. Press and hold a memory preset control until the
sound returns, indicating the station is held in
memory on the control you selected.
Bass/treble adjust
• The bass adjust
control allows you to
increase or decrease
the audio system’s
bass output.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
37
Controls and features
• The treble adjust
control allows you to
increase or decrease
the audio system’s
treble output.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
Speaker balance/fade adjust
• Speaker sound
BASS
distribution can be
adjusted between
the right and left
speakers.
TREB
BAL
FADE
• Speaker sound can
be adjusted between
the front and rear
speakers.
BASS
TREB
BAL
FADE
Inserting a tape
Push only slightly when
TAPE CD
inserting a cassette
tape (with the open
edge to the right). A cassette deck loading
mechanism pulls the tape in the rest of the way.
You can switch from CD to tape play by inserting a
tape into the cassette deck.
EJECT
Tape/CD select
• To begin tape play
(with a tape loaded
into the audio
system) while in the
38
DOLBY B ®
TAPE
CD
Controls and features
radio or CD mode, press the TAPE control. Press
the button during rewind or fast forward to stop
the rewind or fast forward function.
• To begin CD play (if CDs are loaded in the CD
changer), press the CD button. The first track of
the first disc will begin playing. After that CD play
will begin where it stopped last.
Rewind
The rewind control
REW
5
works in tape and CD
modes.
• In tape mode, radio play will continue until
rewind is stopped (with the TAPE control) or the
beginning of the tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the REW control for less
than three seconds results in slow rewind.
Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast rewind.
Fast forward
The fast forward
FF
control works in tape
6
and CD modes.
• In the tape mode,
tape direction will
automatically reverse
when the end of the
tape is reached.
• In CD mode, pressing the control for less than
three seconds results in slow forward action.
Pressing the control for more than three seconds
results in fast forward action.
Tape direction select
Press SIDE 1–2 to play
the alternate side of a
tape.
SIDE 1-2
4
39
Controls and features
DolbyT noise reduction
Dolbyt noise reduction
operates only in tape
mode. Dolbyt reduces
the amount of hiss and
static during tape
playback.
Press the
button to
activate (and deactivate) Dolbyt noise reduction.
The noise reduction system is manufactured under
license from Dolby Laboratories Licensing
Corporation.
Compression adjust
Compression adjust
COMP
SHUFFLE
2
brings soft and loud CD
1
passages together for a
more consistent
listening level.
Press the COMP
control to activate and deactivate compression
adjust.
Shuffle feature
The shuffle feature
COMP
SHUFFLE
2
operates in CD mode
1
and plays all tracks on
the current disc in
random order.
If equipped with the
CD changer, the shuffle
feature continues to the next disc after all tracks are
played.
Press the SHUFFLE control to start this feature.
Random order play will continue until the SHUFFLE
control is pressed again.
40
Controls and features
Setting the clock
To set the hour, press
and hold the hour (h)
control. When the
desired hour appears,
release the control.
To set the minute,
press and hold the
minute (m) control.
When the desired
minute appears, release
the control.
H
M
H
M
CD changer (if equipped)
Your CD changer is either located in the trunk or in
the right side cargo area storage compartment.
Slide the door to
access the CD changer
magazine.
to eject the
Press
magazine.
41
Controls and features
Make sure only one
disc is inserted in each
slot. Each disc must be
inserted with the label
surface upward.
Depending on your
system, you may insert
up to six or ten CDs.
COMPACT
DIGITAL AUDIO
6
5
4
3 6 COMPACT DISC MAGAZINE
2
1
The magazine does not
need to be full for the
changer to operate.
Radio power must be turned on to play the CDs in
the changer. The magazine may be stored in the
glove compartment when not being used.
The CD magazine may be inserted or ejected with
the radio power off.
Troubleshooting the CD changer (if equipped)
The laser beam used in the compact disc
player is harmful to the eyes. Do not
attempt to disassemble the case.
If sound skips:
• You may be traveling on a rough road, playing
badly scratched discs or the disc may be dirty.
Skipping will not scratch the discs or damage the
player.
If your changer does not work, it may be that:
• A disc is already loaded where you want to insert
a disc.
• The disc is inserted with the label surface
downward.
42
Controls and features
• The disc is dusty or defective.
• The player’s internal temperature is above 60°C
(140°F). Allow the player to cool down before
operating.
• A disc with format and dimensions not within
industry standards is inserted.
Cleaning compact discs
Inspect all discs for contamination before playing. If
necessary, clean discs only with an approved CD
cleaner and wipe from the center out to the edge.
Do not use circular motion.
CD and CD changer care
• Handle discs by their edges only. Never touch the
playing surface.
• Do not expose discs to direct sunlight or heat
sources for extended periods of time.
• Do not insert more than one disc into each slot of
the CD changer magazine.
Cleaning cassette player (if equipped)
Clean the tape player head with a cassette cleaning
cartridge after ten to twelve hours of play in order
to maintain the best sound and operation.
Cassette and cassette player care
• Use only cassettes that are 90 minutes long or
less.
• Do not expose tapes to direct sunlight, high
humidity, extreme heat or extreme cold. Allow
tapes that may have been exposed to extreme
temperatures to reach a moderate temperature
before playing.
• Tighten very loose tapes by inserting a finger or
pencil into the hole and turning the hub.
• Remove loose labels before inserting tapes.
43
Controls and features
• Do not leave tapes in the cassette player for a
long time when not being played.
Radio frequency information
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
and the Canadian Radio and Telecommunications
Commission(CRTC) establish the frequencies AM
and FM stations may use for their broadcasts.
Allowable frequencies are:
AM 530, 540–1600, 1610 kHz
FM 87.9, 88.1–107.1, 107.9 MHz
Not all frequencies are used in a given area.
Radio reception factors
Three factors can affect radio reception:
• Distance/strength. The further an FM signal
travels, the weaker it is. The listenable range of
the average FM station is approximately 40 km
(24 miles). This range can be affected by “signal
modulation”. Signal modulation is a process radio
stations use to increase their strength/volume
relative to other stations.
• Terrain. Hills, mountains and tall buildings
between your vehicle’s antenna and the radio
station signal can cause FM reception problems.
Static can be caused on AM stations by power
lines, electric fences, traffic lights and
thunderstorms. Moving away from an interfering
structure (out of its “shadow”) returns your
reception to normal.
• Station overload. Weak signals are sometimes
captured by stronger signals when you pass a
broadcast tower. A stronger signal may
temporarily overtake a weaker signal and play
while the weak station frequency is displayed.
The audio system automatically switches to single
channel reception if it will improve the reception of
a station normally received in stereo.
44
Controls and features
Audio system warranties and service
Refer to the “Warranty Guide” for audio system
warranty information.
If service is necessary, see your dealer or a qualified
technician.
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows
3
2
the electrical
accessories such as the
radio to operate while
the engine is not
1
running.
2. LOCK, locks the
steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift lever and allows
key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all accessories
without locking the steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning
lights illuminated. Key position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as
soon as the engine starts.
4
5
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot
be controlled until the
vehicle is traveling at
or above 48 km/h
(30 mph).
ON
OFF
45
Controls and features
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N
(Neutral) with the speed control on.
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle
ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously
programmed set speed will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL. For
RESUME
speed control to
SET
operate, the speed
ACCEL
control must be ON
COAST
and the vehicle
speed must be
greater than 48 km/h
(30 mph).
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle
speed may vary momentarily slower or faster than
the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it
increases above the set speed on a downhill. If your
vehicle speed is faster than the set speed while
driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the
next lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your
vehicle speed.
46
Controls and features
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h
(10 mph) below your set speed on an uphill, your
speed control will disengage. This is normal.
Pressing RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET/
SET ACC/SET
RESUME
ACCEL. Release the
SET
control when the
ACCEL
desired vehicle
COAST
speed is reached or
• Press and release
SET/SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Each press will increase the set speed by
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator pedal. When the
desired vehicle speed is reached, press and
release SET/SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any
time during speed control usage. Releasing the
accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to the
previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold CST/
COAST. Release the
RESUME
control when the
SET
desired speed is
ACCEL
reached or
COAST
• Press and release
CST/COAST. Each
press will decrease
the set speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
47
Controls and features
• Depress the brake
pedal. When the
desired vehicle
speed is reached,
press SET/SET ACC/
SET ACCEL.
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake
pedal.
Disengaging the speed
control will not erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press RES/RSM/
RESUME. For RES/
RESUME
RSM/RESUME to
SET
operate, the vehicle
ACCEL
speed must be faster
COAST
than 48 km/h
(30 mph).
48
Controls and features
Indicator light
This light comes on
CRUISE
when either the SET
ACC/SET ACCEL or
RES/RSM/RESUME
controls are pressed. It
turns off when the speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to
activate the left turn
signal.
• Push up to activate
the right turn signal.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield
wiper control to the
desired interval, low or
high speed position.
The bars of varying length are for intermittent
wipers. When in this position rotate the control
upward for fast intervals and downward for slow
intervals.
Push the control on
the end of the stalk to
activate washer. Push
and hold for a longer
wash cycle. The washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
49
Controls and features
Mist Function
To operate the Mist
function of the
windshield wipers,
push and release the
windshield washer control quickly. The wipers will
cycle one or two times.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
Rear window wiper and washer (wagon only)
The rear wiper control
is located under the
headlamp controls
Press the wiper control
to activate the rear
wiper. Press again to
turn off the wiper.
Press the washer
control to activate the
rear washer. The wiper
will come on when the
washer control is
pressed, if it is not
already on.
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer
to Hazard flasher in the Roadside emergencies
chapter.
50
Controls and features
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering
control toward you to
move the steering
wheel up or down.
Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to
the desired position,
then release the
control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the
vehicle is moving.
DOOR OFF ON
DOME LAMPS AND MAP LAMPS
The front dome lamp is located overhead between
the driver and passenger seats. If the vehicle is
equipped with a moon roof, the dome lamp is
located behind the moon roof.
The dome lamp will
stay on if the control is
moved to the ON
position. When the
control is in the DOOR
position, the lamp will
only come on when a
door is opened. If the
control is moved to the
OFF position, the lamp will not come on at all.
The dome lamp will illuminate whenever a front
door is opened. If either front door has been opened
from the outside, the lamp will remain on for 25
seconds after the door is shut. If any other door has
been opened from the inside, the lamp will shut off
immediately after the door is closed.
51
Controls and features
The map lamps and
controls are located on
the dome lamp. Press
the controls on either
side of each map lamp
to activate the lamps.
If equipped with a
moon roof, the map
lamps are located on
the moon roof control
panel. Press LIGHT to
illuminate the map
lamp.
TILT SLIDE
LIG
HT
HT
LIG
ILLUMINATED VISOR MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn on the visor
mirror lamps, lift the
mirror cover. Adjust
the amount of light by
sliding the control.
MOON ROOF (IF EQUIPPED)
Press SLIDE to open
and close the moon
roof. Press AUTO and
release to open
completely with one
touch.
Press UP or DN on the
TILT control to tilt the
moon roof when closed.
52
TILT
SLIDE
UP
AUTO
DN
HT
LIG
LIG
HT
Controls and features
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and
close windows.
• Press the top
portion of the rocker
switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom
portion of the rocker
switch to open.
AUTO
One touch down
• Press AUTO
completely down
and release quickly.
The driver’s window
will open fully.
Depress again to
stop window
operation.
AUTO
Window lock
The window lock
feature allows only the
driver to operate the
WINDOW LOCK
power windows.
To lock out all the window controls except for the
driver’s press the left side of the control. Press the
right side to restore the window controls.
53
Controls and features
Accessory delay (if equipped)
With accessory delay, the window switches may be
used for up to ten minutes after the ignition switch
is turned to the OFF position or until any door is
opened.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all
doors and L to lock all
doors.
U
L
Central locking/Two step unlocking (if equipped)
When unlocking the driver or front passenger door
with the key, turn it once toward the front of the
vehicle to unlock that door only. Turn the key a
second time to unlock all doors. When locking, turn
the key toward the back of the vehicle to lock all
doors.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
1. Select
the right mirror.
2. Move the control in
the direction you wish
to tilt the mirror.
to adjust
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in
place.
54
Controls and features
Heated outside mirrors (if equipped)
Both mirrors are
heated automatically to
remove ice, mist and
fog when the rear
window defrost is
activated.
Do not remove ice
from the mirrors with a
scraper or attempt to readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions could cause damage
to the glass and mirrors.
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are
set, the rear doors
cannot be opened from
the inside. The rear
doors can be opened
from the outside when
the doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks
are located on rear
edge of each rear door
and must be set
separately for each
door. Setting the lock
for one door will not
automatically set the
lock for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the lock. Move
control down to disengage childproof locks.
55
Controls and features
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of
console features. These include:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
• coin holder slots
• cellular phone (if equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard
objects can injure you in a collision.
If your vehicle is equipped with the column shift and
a bench seat, it has a center console in the center
front seating position.
The center console has the same features as the full
console. To open the storage compartment, raise the
armrest and pull the strap on the seat up and
toward the front of the vehicle. The cupholders in
the center console can be removed for cleaning.
Cellular phone
Refer to the “Cellular phone guide” for instructions
on operation.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so
that the eyelet is over the
pointed end of the
retention post and rotate
forward to lock in. Make
sure that the mat does not
interfere with the operation
of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the
floor mat, reverse the installation procedure.
56
Controls and features
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
Press the remote trunk
release control on the
instrument panel to the
left of the steering
wheel.
LIFTGATE (WAGON ONLY)
You can open the
entire liftgate or just
the liftgate window. To
open the entire liftgate,
pull the release handle
hidden under the
exterior trim panel just
above the license plate.
You must lock the liftgate with the key or power
lock control; it does not lock automatically.
The window locks when the liftgate is locked. To
open the window, make sure the liftgate and window
are unlocked, then press the outside lock cylinder.
The window can only be opened from the outside.
To prevent any damage to the liftgate and window,
close them completely before driving.
57
Controls and features
CARGO AREA FEATURES
Storage compartment
Your vehicle comes
equipped with a
storage compartment
in the floor of the
cargo area. An
additional
compartment is in the
rear trim panel on the
right. Always put the
load you are carrying as far forward as possible.
Cargo net (if equipped)
The cargo net secures lightweight objects in the
cargo area. Attach the net to the anchors provided.
Do not put more than 22 kg (50 lbs.) in the net.
This net is not designed to restrain objects during a
collision.
58
Controls and features
Cargo cover (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo area
shade that covers the luggage compartment of your
vehicle.
To install the shade:
1. Fasten the cover
into the mounting
brackets (make sure
the cover is right side
up).
2. Pull the end of the
shade toward you and
hook the sides into the notches in the rear trim
panels.
To prevent the possibility of injuries, the
fasteners for the cargo area cover must be
properly attached to the mounting clips on the
rear trim panels.
Do not place any objects on the cargo area
cover. They may obstruct your vision or
strike occupants of the vehicle in the case of a
sudden stop or collision.
Rewinding the shade
With extended use, the cargo shade may lose its
spring tension. If this occurs, the shade must be
manually rewound. This is a two-person operation.
1. Remove the shade from the vehicle and extend it
with the smooth grain facing you.
59
Controls and features
2. Wrap the vinyl
around the roller tube
twice. Tuck the edges
of the vinyl inside the
end cap with each
wrap.
3. Fold the edges of
the vinyl towards the
center, making sure that the edges clear the end cap
slots. Use tape or a rubber band to hold the vinyl to
the left side of the tube.
4. Push in the right
end cap (marked RH)
about 1⁄4 of the total
length to disengage the
clutch and hold the
end cap in while
turning the roller tube
toward you 14 times.
5. Let go of the right end cap. The clutch will now
engage and stop the shade from losing its spring
tension.
6. Unfold the vinyl and place it into the end cap
slots.
7. Insert the shade into the side mounting brackets
and check to make sure that it operates properly.
The cover may cause injury in a sudden stop
or accident if it is not securely installed.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or
unlock all vehicle doors, trunk and liftgate without a
key.
The remote entry features only operate with the
ignition in the OFF position.
If there is any potential remote keyless entry
problem with your vehicle, ensure ALL key fobs
60
Controls and features
(remote entry transmitters) are brought to the
dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to
unlock the driver’s
door. The interior
lamps will illuminate.
Press the control a
second time within five
seconds to unlock all
doors.
Locking the doors
Press this control to
lock all doors.
To confirm all doors
are closed and locked,
press the control a
second time within five
seconds. The doors will
lock again, the horn
will chirp and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn will make two
quick chirps, reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Unlocking the liftgate/trunk
Press the control to
unlock the
liftgate/trunk.
61
Controls and features
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to
activate the alarm.
To deactivate the
alarm, press the
control again or turn
the ignition to ACC or
ON.
This device complies
with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry
system is used to unlock the door(s) or sound the
personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds
or when the ignition is turned to the RUN or ACC
position. The dome lamp control (if equipped) must
not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated
entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer
control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40
minutes after the ignition has been turned to the
OFF position.
62
Controls and features
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your
dealer if service is
required.
If you purchase
additional transmitters
(up to four may be
programmed), perform
the following procedure:
To reprogram the transmitters yourself, place the
key in the ignition and turn from OFF to ON eight
times in rapid succession (within 10 seconds) ending
in ON. After doors lock/unlock, press any control on
all transmitters (up to four). When completed, turn
the ignition to OFF. The doors will lock/unlock one
last time to confirm completion of program mode.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same
time.
Replacing the battery
The remote transmitter is powered by one coin type
three-volt lithium battery CR2032 or equivalent.
Typical operating range will allow you to be up to
10 meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A
decrease in operating range can be caused by:
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
63
Controls and features
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin
between the two halves
of the transmitter near
the key ring. DO NOT
TAKE THE FRONT
PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER
APART.
2. Place the positive (+) side of new battery in the
same orientation. Refer to the diagram inside the
transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the
remote transmitter to become deprogrammed from
your vehicle. The remote transmitter should operate
normally after battery replacement.
PERIMETER ALARM SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The perimeter anti-theft system will help prevent
your vehicle from unauthorized entry.
If there is any potential perimeter anti-theft problem
with your vehicle, ensure ALL key fobs (remote
entry transmitters) are brought to the dealership, to
aid in troubleshooting.
Arming the system
When armed, this system will help protect your
vehicle from unauthorized entry. When unauthorized
entry occurs, the system will flash the headlamps
and/or parking lamps, and the theft indicator lamp
and will chirp the horn.
The system is ready to arm whenever the ignition is
turned OFF. Any of the following actions will prearm
the alarm system:
64
Controls and features
• Press the remote
entry lock control
(doors opened or
closed).
• Press 7/8 and 9/0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
controls on the
keyless entry pad at
the same time to
lock the doors
(doors opened or
closed).
• Open a door and press the power door lock
control to lock the doors.
• Use the door key to lock the doors (doors opened
or closed).
If a door or the liftgate (wagon) is open, the system
is prearmed and is waiting for the door to close or
liftgate to close.
Once the doors and liftgate (wagon) are closed, the
system will arm in 20 seconds.
When you press the
lock control twice
within 5 seconds on
your remote entry
transmitter, the horn
will chirp once to let
you know that the
system is armed.
If the doors or liftgate (wagon) are not closed and
you press the remote entry transmitter twice to
confirm the doors are locked, the horn will chirp
twice to warn you that the system is not arming.
65
Controls and features
Disarming the system
You can disarm the system by any of the following
actions:
• Unlock the doors by
using your remote
entry transmitter.
• Unlock the doors by
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
using your keyless
entry pad.
• Unlock the doors or liftgate with a key. Turn the
key full travel (toward the front of the vehicle) to
make sure the alarm disarms.
• Turn ignition to ACC or ON.
• Press control on the
remote entry
transmitter. This will
disarm the system
when the alarm is
sounding.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
With the keyless entry
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
keypad, you can:
• lock or unlock the
vehicle doors and liftgate (wagons) without using
the key.
• arm and disarm the perimeter alarm system (if
equipped)
See also Remote entry system and Perimeter
alarm system in this chapter for more information.
66
Controls and features
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that
operates the keyless entry system. You can also
program your own 5–digit personal entry code.
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove
compartment
• taped to the computer module
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry
keypad, press the middle of the controls to ensure a
good activation.
Programming your own personal entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate
when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
within five seconds of
step 1.
3. Enter your personal
5 digit code. Enter
each digit within five
seconds of the previous one.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same
number or presents them in sequential order.
Thieves can easily figure out these types of codes.
Your personal code does not replace the permanent
code that the dealership gave you. You can use
either code to unlock your vehicle. If a second
personal code is entered, the module will erase the
first personal code in favor of the new code.
67
Controls and features
If you wish to erase your personal code, use the
following instructions:
Erasing personal code
1. Enter the factory-set code.
2. Press 1/2 within five
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
seconds of step 1.
3. Press the 7/8 and 9/0
controls at the same
time within five
seconds of step two.
The system will now only respond to the factory-set
code.
Unlocking the doors and releasing the trunk
with the keyless entry system
The driver’s door must be unlocked before any
other. If more than five seconds pass between
pressing numbers, enter the code again. The system
has shut down if the keypad light is out. If the
keyless entry system does not work, use the key or
remote entry transmitter(s).
1. To unlock the driver’s door, enter one of the two
codes. After pressing the fifth number, the driver’s
door unlocks.
2. To unlock the
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
passenger’s door(s) and
liftgate (wagon), press
the 3/4 control within
five seconds of
unlocking the driver’s
door.
3. To unlock the trunk
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
or liftgate (wagon),
enter the five-digit
factory-set code, then
press the 5/6 control
within five seconds.
68
Controls and features
Locking the doors and liftgate (wagon), press the
7/8 and 9/0 controls at the same time. This can be
done at any time.
Autolock
Autolock is a feature that will automatically lock all
doors when:
• all vehicle doors, liftgate and liftgate window are
fully closed
• the ignition key is in the ON position
• you shift into or through R (Reverse)
• the brake pedal is released
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and then closed
• the brake pedal is released
Deactivating autolock
Before following the activation or deactivation
procedures, make sure that the ignition is OFF and
all vehicle doors and liftgate window are closed.
1. Enter the 5 digit entry code.
2. Press and release
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
the 3/4 control while
holding the 7/8 control.
3. Release the 7/8
control.
The horn will chirp
once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was activated.
To reactivate autolock, repeat steps 1 through 3.
Autolock can also be activated or deactivated using
the following procedure:
You must complete steps 1 through 5 within 30
seconds or the procedure will have to be repeated. If
the procedure needs to be repeated, you must wait
30 seconds.
69
Controls and features
1. Turn the ignition key from OFF to RUN/ACC.
2. Press the power door UNLOCK control three
times.
3. Turn the ignition key from RUN/ACC to OFF.
4. Press the power door UNLOCK control three
times.
5. Turn the ignition key from OFF to RUN/ACC. A
horn chirp indicates the enable/disable feature is
entered.
6. Press the power door UNLOCK control one time.
7. Press the power door LOCK control to toggle the
Autolock/Relock state. You will receive a horn chirp
followed by either a long honk, autolock/relock is
enabled, or no honk, autolock/relock is disabled.
8. Turn ignition to OFF.
If autolock/relock has been changed, the horn will
chirp to confirm procedure is complete.
SECURILOCKY PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system provides
an advanced level of vehicle theft protection. Your
vehicle’s engine can only be started with the two
special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys
provided with your vehicle. Each time you start your
vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is read by the
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code matches the
code stored in the SecuriLocky anti-theft system,
the vehicle’s engine is allowed to start. If the
SecuriLocky key identification code does not match
the code stored in the system or if a SecuriLocky
key is not detected (vehicle theft situation), the
vehicle’s engine will not operate.
If there is any potential SecuriLocky anti-theft
problem with your vehicle, ensure ALL
SecuriLocky keys for that vehicle are brought to
the dealership, to aid in troubleshooting.
70
Controls and features
The SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system is not
compatible with aftermarket remote start systems.
Use of these systems may result in vehicle starting
problems and a loss of security protection. Large
metallic objects or devices such as the Mobil
Speedpassy on the same key ring as your
SecuriLocky key may cause vehicle starting
problems. These objects and devices cannot damage
the SecuriLocky key, but can cause a momentary
problem if they are too close to the key when
starting the engine. If a problem occurs, turn
ignition off and restart the engine with all other
objects on the key ring held away from the
SecuriLocky ignition key.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from
your dealership and programmed to your
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more
information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or
stolen and you want to ensure the lost or stolen key
will not operate your vehicle, bring your vehicle and
all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
Theft indicator
The theft indicator on the instrument cluster will
operate as follows:
• When the ignition is OFF, the theft indicator will
flash briefly every 2 seconds to indicate the
SecuriLocky system is protecting your vehicle.
• When the ignition is turned to RUN or START, the
theft indicator will light for 3 seconds and then go
out. If the theft indicator stays on for an extended
period of time or flashes rapidly, have the system
serviced by your dealership or a qualified
technician.
71
Controls and features
Programming spare SecuriLockY keys
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from
your dealership and programmed to your
SecuriLocky passive anti-theft system (up to a total
of 8 keys). Your dealership can program your new
SecuriLocky key(s) to your vehicle or you can do it
yourself using the following simple procedure. To
program a new SecuriLocky key yourself, you will
need two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys
(keys that already operate your vehicle’s engine). If
two previously programmed SecuriLocky keys are
not available (one or both of your original keys were
lost or stolen), you must bring your vehicle to your
dealership to have the spare SecuriLocky key(s)
programmed.
Procedure to program spare SecuriLockY keys
to your vehicle
New SecuriLocky keys must have the correct
mechanical key cut for your vehicle.
Conventional (non-SecuriLocky) keys cannot be
programmed to your vehicle.
You will need to have two previously programmed
SecuriLocky keys and the new unprogrammed
SecuriLocky key readily accessible for the
procedure. Please read and understand the entire
procedure before you begin.
1. Insert the first previously programmed
SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN
for at least one second).
2. Turn ignition to OFF and remove the first
SecuriLocky key from the ignition.
3. Within five seconds of turning the ignition to OFF,
insert the second previously programmed
SecuriLocky key into the ignition and turn the
ignition from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN
for at least one second but no more than 5 seconds).
72
Controls and features
4. Turn the ignition to OFF and remove the second
SecuriLocky key from the ignition.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the ignition to OFF,
insert the unprogrammed SecuriLocky key (new
key/valet key) into the ignition and turn the ignition
from OFF to RUN (maintain ignition in RUN for at
least one second). This step will program your new
SecuriLocky key.
6. To program additional SecuriLocky key(s), repeat
this procedure from step 1.
If the programming procedure was successful, the
new SecuriLocky key(s) will start the vehicle’s
engine. The theft indicator (located on the
instrument cluster) will light for three seconds and
then go out.
If the programming procedure was not successful,
the new SecuriLocky key(s) will not operate the
vehicle’s engine. The theft indicator will flash on and
off. Wait at least one minute and then repeat the
procedure from step 1. If failure repeats, bring your
vehicle to your dealership to have the spare
SecuriLocky key(s) programmed.
73
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Head restraints
Your vehicle’s seats may be equipped with head
restraints which are vertically adjustable. The
purpose of these head restraints is to help limit head
motion in the event of a rear collision. To properly
adjust your head restraints, lift the head restraint so
that it is located directly behind your head or as
close to that position as possible. Refer to the
following to raise and lower the head restraints.
Push or pull the head
rests to the desired
position.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks
to avoid injuring people in a collision or
sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
74
Seating and safety restraints
Lift handle to move
seat forward or
backward.
Pull lever up to adjust
seatback.
Adjusting the front power seat (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks
to avoid injuring people in a collision or
sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
Press to raise or lower
the front portion of the
seat cushion.
75
Seating and safety restraints
Press to raise or lower
the rear portion of the
seat cushion.
Press the control to
move the seat forward,
backward, up or down.
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar
control is located on
the outboard side of
the seat.
Press one side of the control to adjust firmness.
Press the other side of the control to adjust
softness.
REAR SEATS
2nd seat/Split-folding rear seat (if equipped)
One or both rear seatbacks can be folded down to
provide additional cargo space.
To lower the
seatback(s) from inside
the vehicle, pull tab to
release seat back and
then fold seatback
down.
When raising the seatback(s), make sure you hear
the seat latch into place.
76
Seating and safety restraints
3rd seat (wagon only)
The third seat faces the rear of the vehicle. For
height and weight limits, see the label on the seat
cushion. When the seat is down, the back of your
wagon has a flat surface for carrying cargo.
To open up the seat:
1. Unlock the floor
panel with the key,
then use the handle to
fold the floor panel
toward the front of the
car.
2. Remove the cargo
cover. The cargo cover
must be removed or
the seatback will not
latch in the upright
position.
3. Lift the remote latch
release on the left side
of the compartment
and fold the remaining
floor panel until it
latches. Make sure the
seatback is locked in
the upright position.
To close the seat, make sure the safety belts are
properly stowed, then lift the remote latch release
and push the seat down until it latches. Pull up on
the handle and push the floor panel into place.
77
Seating and safety restraints
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
To reduce the risk of injury, make sure
children sit where they can be properly
restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the
driver, should always properly wear their
safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow
people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
78
Seating and safety restraints
Each seating position in your vehicle has a
specific safety belt assembly which is made
up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed
to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on
the outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder
belt under the arm. 2) Never swing the safety belt
around your neck over the inside shoulder. 3)
Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Always transport children 12 years old and
under in the back seat and always properly
use appropriate child restraints.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle (the buckle
closest to the direction
the tongue is coming
from) until you hear a
snap and feel it latch.
Make sure the tongue
is securely fastened in
the buckle.
2. To unfasten, push
the release button and
remove the tongue
from the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the
vehicle are combination lap and shoulder belts. The
front passenger and rear seat outboard safety belts
have two types of locking modes described below:
79
Seating and safety restraints
Energy Management Feature
• This vehicle has a seat belt system with an energy
management feature at the front outboard seating
positions to help further reduce the risk of injury
in the event of a head-on collision.
• This seat belt system has a retractor assembly
that is designed to pay out webbing in a
controlled manner. This feature is designed to
help reduce the belt force acting on the
occupant’s chest.
After any vehicle collision, the seat belt
system at all outboard seating positions
(except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified
technician to verify that the “automatic locking
retractor” feature for child seats is still functioning
properly, in addition to other checks for proper
seat belt system function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST
BE REPLACED if the seat belt assembly
“automatic locking retractor” feature or any other
seat belt function is not operating properly when
checked according to the procedures in Workshop
Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor
assembly could increase the risk of injury in
collisions.
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor
mode, allowing free shoulder belt length adjustment
to your movements and locking in response to
vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle
80
Seating and safety restraints
receives an impact of 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the
combination safety belts will lock to help reduce
forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically
pre-locked. The belt will still retract to remove any
slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the
driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in the
vehicle. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children
or Safety Seats for Children later in this chapter.
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the
combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder
portion and pull
downward until the
entire belt is
extracted.
81
Seating and safety restraints
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you
will hear a clicking sound. This indicates the
safety belt is now in the automatic locking mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and
allow it to retract completely to disengage the
automatic locking mode and activate the vehicle
sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
After any vehicle collision, the seat belt
system at all outboard seating positions
(except driver, which has no “automatic locking
retractor” feature) must be checked by a qualified
technician to verify that the “automatic locking
retractor” feature for child seats is still functioning
properly, in addition to other checks for proper
seat belt system function.
BELT AND RETRACTOR ASSEMBLY MUST
BE REPLACED if the seat belt assembly
“automatic locking retractor” feature or any other
seat belt function is not operating properly when
checked according to the procedures in Workshop
Manual.
Failure to replace the Belt and Retractor
assembly could increase the risk of injury in
collisions.
82
Seating and safety restraints
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety
belt height adjustments
for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the
height of the shoulder
belt so the belt rests
across the middle of
your shoulder.
To lower the shoulder belt height, push the button
and slide the height control down. To raise the
height of the shoulder belt, slide the height adjuster
up. Pull down on the height adjustment assembly to
make sure it is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so
that the belt rests across the middle of your
shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety belt properly
could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt
and increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Center rear lap belt (sedan)
The safety belt in the center rear seating position
has a detachable shoulder belt and does not contain
the automatic locking mode (ALR).
83
Seating and safety restraints
To attach the shoulder
belt to the lap belt, pull
the shoulder belt out
from the retractor in
the seatback and insert
into the lap belt
connecting pin into the
wide end of the key
slot on the shoulder
belt. Pull the
connecting pin into the
narrow end of the key
slot until you hear a
snap and feel it latch.
Make sure the shoulder
belt is securely
fastened to the lap belt
by pulling up on the shoulder belt.
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as
possible around the hips, not around the
waist.
Insert the tongue into
the correct buckle (the
buckle closest to the
direction the tongue is
coming from). To
lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right
angle to the belt and
pull across your lap
until it reaches the
buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end of the belt through the
tongue until it fits snugly across the hips.
84
Seating and safety restraints
Shorten and fasten the
belt when not in use.
Safety belts for rear-facing occupants
(wagon only)
Never use child safety seats in the third seat
of a wagon.
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belts containing
an adjust tongue at the rear-facing seating positions.
When the adjust tongue of the lap/shoulder
combination seat belt is latched into the buckle, the
tongue will allow the lap portion to become shorter,
but locks the webbing in place to restrict it from
becoming longer.
Before you reach and latch a combination lap and
shoulder belt having an adjust tongue into the
buckle, you may have to lengthen the lap belt
portion of it. To lengthen the lap belt, pull some
webbing out of the shoulder belt retractor. While
holding the webbing below the tongue, grasp the
tongue so that it is parallel to the webbing and slide
the tongue upward. Provide enough length so that
the tongue can reach the buckle.
To fasten the belt, pull the combination lap and
shoulder belt from the retractor so that the shoulder
belt portion of the safety belt crosses your shoulder
and chest. Be sure the belt is not twisted. If the belt
is twisted, remove the twist. Insert the tongue into
the proper buckle for your seating position until you
hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue
is securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on the
tongue.
85
Seating and safety restraints
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as
possible around the hips, not around the
waist.
Front and rear seat occupants, including
pregnant women, should wear safety belts
for optimum protection in an accident.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a
specific safety belt assembly which is made
up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed
to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on
the outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder
belt under the arm. 2) Never swing the safety belt
around your neck over the inside shoulder. 3)
Never use a single belt for more than one person.
Due to folding rear seats, sometimes the buckles and
tongues toward the center of the vehicle may be
hidden by the rear edge of the seat cushion. Pull
them out so they will be accessible.
While you are fastened in the seat belt, the shoulder
belt adjusts to your movement. However, if you
brake hard, turn hard or your vehicle receives an
impact of 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the safety belt
will become locked and help reduce your forward
movement.
To unfasten the belt, push the red release button on
the end of the buckle. This allows the tongue to
unlatch from the buckle. While the belt retracts,
guide the tongue to its original position to prevent it
from striking you or the vehicle.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when
fully extended, 20 cm (8 inches) can be added to
the safety belt assembly by adding a safety belt
86
Seating and safety restraints
extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety
belt extension assemblies can be obtained from your
dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same
supplier as the safety belt. Manufacturer
identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if
the safety belt is too short for you when fully
extended. Do not use extensions to change the fit of
the shoulder belt across the torso.
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the
instrument cluster and a chime sounds to remind
the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt
is not buckled before
the ignition switch is
turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning
light illuminates for one
to two minutes and the
warning chime sounds
for four to eight
seconds.
The safety belt warning
light and warning chime
turn off.
The driver’s safety belt
is buckled while the
indicator light is
illuminated and the
warning chime is
sounding...
The driver’s safety belt
The safety belt warning
is buckled before the
light and indicator chime
ignition switch is turned remain off.
to the ON position...
87
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make
sure they work properly and are not damaged.
Inspect the safety belts to make sure there are no
nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All
safety belt assemblies, including retractors, buckles,
front seat belt buckle assemblies, buckle support
assemblies (slide bar-if equipped), shoulder belt
height adjusters (if equipped), child safety seat
tether bracket assemblies (if equipped), and
attaching hardware, should be inspected after a
collision. Ford recommends that all safety belt
assemblies used in vehicles involved in a collision be
replaced. However, if the collision was minor and a
qualified technician finds that the belts do not show
damage and continue to operate properly, they do
not need to be replaced. Safety belt assemblies not
in use during a collision should also be inspected
and replaced if either damage or improper operation
is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace
the safety belt assembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries
in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety
belts in the Maintenance and care section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM
(SRS)
F
40
H
10
THEFT
+
90
0 00000
100
180
MPH
2
140
20
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
4
3
100
60
20
C
LOW
COOLANT
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
30
FUEL DOOR>
E
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
5
RPMx1000
6
7
1
110
120
0 O/D
OFF
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
REAR
LAMP
OUT
ABS
8
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
FM 12
AMC
AM
H
ST
M
w
BL
RF
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
REW
EJECT
SEEK
FF
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
1
3
2
4
5
TAPE SIDE
6
FADE
TAPE
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
88
w
MAX
A/C
Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS)
precautions
The supplemental
restraint system is
designed to work with
the safety belt to help
protect the driver and
right front passenger
from certain upper
body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT
inflate slowly or gently
and the risk of injury
from a deploying air bag is greatest close to the trim
covering the air bag module.
All occupants of the vehicle, including the
driver, should always properly wear their
safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and
under in the back seat and always properly
use appropriate child restraints.
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA) recommends a
minimum distance of at least 25 cm (ten
[10] inches) between an occupant’s chest and the
driver air bag module.
Never place your arm over the air bag
module as a deploying air bag can result in
serious arm fractures or other injuries.
Steps you can take to properly position yourself
away from the airbag:
89
Seating and safety restraints
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while
still reaching the pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat slightly (one or two degrees)
from the upright position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag
module. Placing objects on or over the air
bag inflation area may cause those objects to be
propelled by the air bag into your face and torso
causing serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify
the Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System
or its fuses. See your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer.
Children and air bags
For additional
important safety
information, read all
information on safety
restraints in this guide.
Children must always
be properly restrained.
Accident statistics
suggest that children
are safer when
properly restrained in
the rear seating
positions than in the front seating position. Failure
to follow these instructions may increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
90
Seating and safety restraints
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. NEVER place a rear-facing child seat
in front of an active air bag. If you must use a
forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
How does the air bag supplemental restraint
system work?
The air bag SRS is
designed to activate
when the vehicle
sustains longitudinal
deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to
close an electrical
circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a
collision does not mean that something is wrong
with the system. Rather, it means the forces were
not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Air
bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or
rear-impacts unless the collision causes sufficient
longitudinal deceleration.
The air bags inflate and
deflate rapidly upon
activation. After air bag
deployment, it is
normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery
residue or smell the
burnt propellant. This
may consist of
cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate
the bag) or sodium
compounds (e.g., baking soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the air bag. Small
91
Seating and safety restraints
amounts of sodium hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but none of the
residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help reduce serious
injuries, contact with a deploying air bag may also
cause abrasions, swelling or temporary hearing loss.
Because air bags must inflate rapidly and with
considerable force, there is the risk of death or
serious injuries such as fractures, facial and eye
injuries or internal injuries, particularly to occupants
who are not properly restrained or are otherwise out
of position at the time of air bag deployment. Thus,
it is extremely important that occupants be properly
restrained as far away from the air bag module as
possible while maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot
after inflation. Do not touch them after
inflation.
If the air bag is deployed, the air bag will
not function again and must be replaced
immediately. If the air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which
include the inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the
components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal
circuits and the supplemental air bag electrical
system warning (including the impact sensors), the
system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the
air bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
92
Seating and safety restraints
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument
cluster or a tone to indicate the condition of the
system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in
the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance
of the air bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or
more of the following:
• The readiness light
will either flash or
stay lit.
• The readiness light
will not illuminate immediately after ignition is
turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone
pattern will repeat periodically until the problem
and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently,
have the SRS serviced at your dealership or by a
qualified technician immediately. Unless serviced,
the system may not function properly in the event of
a collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped
vehicles (including pretensioners)
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles,
see your local dealership or qualified technician. Air
bags MUST BE disposed of by qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to
properly use safety restraints for children. Also see
Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in
this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
93
Seating and safety restraints
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for
children in the U.S. and Canada. If small children
ride in your vehicle (generally children who are four
years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs]
or less), you must put them in safety seats made
especially for children. Check your local and state or
provincial laws for specific requirements regarding
the safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that
come with any infant or child restraint you might
use.
When possible, always place children under age 12
in the rear seat of your vehicle. Accident statistics
suggest that children are safer when properly
restrained in the rear seating positions than in the
front seating position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a
safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as
specified by your child safety seat manufacturer)
should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag
precautions that apply to adult passengers in your
vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and
shoulder belt can be positioned so it does not cross
or rest in front of the child’s face or neck, the child
should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the
child closer to the center of the vehicle may help
provide a good shoulder belt fit.
94
Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or
pets unattended in your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on
children who have outgrown child safety seats, Ford
recommends use of a belt-positioning booster seat
that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster
seats raise the child and provide a shorter, firmer
seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on
the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the
shoulder belt rests in front of the child’s face or
neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on both
thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child
sit all the way back on the seat cushion when the
lower legs hang over the edge of the seat cushion.
You may wish to discuss the special needs of your
child with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
95
Seating and safety restraints
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size
and weight of the child. Carefully follow all of the
manufacturer’s instructions with the safety seat you
put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a
sudden stop or collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Review and follow
the information
presented in the Air
Bag Supplemental
Restraint System
section in this
chapter.
• Use the correct
safety belt buckle for that seating position.
• Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle until
you hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the
tongue is securely fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and
away from the safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the release button, to
prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode.
Refer to Automatic locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat
having a top tether strap. Install the child safety seat
in a seating position which is capable of providing a
tether anchorage. For more information on top
tether straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with
tether straps.
96
Seating and safety restraints
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s
instructions included with the safety seat
you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and
use the safety seat properly, the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
Installing child safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating positions
1. Position the child
safety seat in a seat
with a combination lap
and shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. If you must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat all the way back.
Children 12 and under should be properly
restrained in the rear seat whenever
possible.
2. Pull down on the
shoulder belt and then
grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
97
Seating and safety restraints
3. While holding the
shoulder and lap belt
portions together, route
the tongue through the
child seat according to
the child seat
manufacturer’s
instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not
twisted.
4. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle (the buckle
closest to the direction
the tongue is coming
from) for that seating
position until you hear
a snap and feel the
latch engage. Make
sure the tongue is
latched securely by pulling on it.
5. To put the retractor
in the automatic
locking mode, grasp
the shoulder portion of
the belt and pull
downward until all of
the belt is extracted
and a click is heard.
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it
retracts to indicate it is in the automatic locking
mode.
7. Pull the lap belt
portion across the child
seat toward the buckle
and pull up on the
shoulder belt while
pushing down with
your knee on the child
seat.
98
Seating and safety restraints
8. Allow the safety belt
to retract to remove
any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the
child in the seat,
forcibly tilt the seat
forward and back to
make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make
sure the retractor is in the automatic locking mode
(you should not be able to pull more belt out). If the
retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat
steps two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly
secured before each use.
Installing child safety seats in the lap belt
seating positions
1. Lengthen the lap belt. To lengthen the belt, hold
the tongue so that its bottom is perpendicular to the
direction of webbing while sliding the tongue up the
webbing.
2. Place the child safety seat in the center seating
position.
3. Route the tongue and webbing through the child
seat according to the child seat manufacturer’s
instructions.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for
the center seating position until you hear a snap and
feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely
fastened to the buckle by pulling on tongue.
5. Push down on the child seat while pulling on the
loose end of the lap belt webbing to tighten the belt.
6. Before placing the child into the child seat,
forcibly tilt the child seat from side to side and in
forward direction to make sure that the seat is held
99
Seating and safety restraints
securely in place. If the child seat moves excessively,
repeat steps 5 through 6, or properly install the
child seat in a different position.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include
a tether strap that goes over the back of the vehicle
seat and attaches to an anchoring point. Other
manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat
for information about ordering a tether strap.
Tether anchorage hardware
Attachment holes (at each rear outboard seating
position) have been provided in your vehicle to
attach anchor hardware, if desired. Tether anchorage
hardware kits (part number 613D74) including
instructions, may be obtained at no charge from any
Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. All vehicles built for
sale in Canada include a tether anchor hardware kit.
Be sure to follow the child safety seat
manufacturer’s instructions.
Tighten the anchor according to
specifications. Otherwise, the safety seat
may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
If you have a station wagon, tether anchors are
already installed for each of the second row seating
positions.
1. Behind the second
seat, find the plastic
snap-on covers for the
floor anchors.
100
Seating and safety restraints
2. Use a screwdriver or
coin to snap the covers
off the anchor in a
rearward and upward
direction. Remove the
covers completely.
3. Snap the tether strap hook onto the U-shaped
tether anchor.
101
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system.
This system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing
Equipment standard requirements regulating the
impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing
the accelerator before or during starting. Only use
the accelerator when you have difficulty starting the
engine. For more information on starting the vehicle,
refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can
produce very high temperatures in the
engine and exhaust system, creating the risk of
fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage
or in other enclosed areas. Exhaust fumes
can be toxic. Always open the garage door before
you start the engine. See Guarding against
exhaust fumes in this chapter for more
instructions.
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your
vehicle, have your dealer inspect your
vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
102
Starting
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle
revolutions per minute (RPM). When the engine
starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine.
If the engine idle speed does not slow down
automatically, have the vehicle checked. Do not
allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten minutes
at the higher engine RPM.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled
their safety belts. For more information on safety
belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories
are off.
3. Make sure the
parking brake is set.
4. Make sure the
gearshift is in P (Park).
P R
5. Turn the key to 4
(ON) without turning
the key to 5 (START).
2
1
N D
D
1
3
4
5
103
Starting
F
0 00000
20
C
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
10
THEFT
4
RPMx1000
100
6
1
180
P
5
2
140
20
MPH
LOW
COOLANT
3
90
60
E
+
100
30
FUEL DOOR>
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
km/h
110
120
R N D 2 1
0
O/D
OFF
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
7
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate briefly.
If a light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle
serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the
light
may not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5
(START) without
pressing the
accelerator pedal and
release as soon as the
engine starts. The key
will return to 4 (ON).
2
1
3
4
5
2. If the temperature is above –12° C (10° F) and
the engine does not start within five seconds on the
first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten seconds and
try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the
engine does not start in fifteen seconds on the first
try, turn the key OFF and wait ten seconds and try
again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while
holding the accelerator down to the floor. Release
the accelerator when the engine starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake
and release the parking brake.
104
Starting
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant,
which improves starting, warms up the engine faster
and allows the heater-defroster system to respond
quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where
temperatures reach -23°C (-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three
hours before starting the vehicle. Using the heater
for longer than three hours will not harm the engine,
so the heater can be plugged in the night before
starting the vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your
heater with ungrounded electrical systems
or two-pronged (cheater) adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is
present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoid
its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind
inside your vehicle, have your dealer inspect
and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if
you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful
and could kill you.
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems
checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
105
Starting
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,
and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in
an open area for long periods of time, open the
windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped)
to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle
ventilation by keeping
all air inlet vents clear
of snow, leaves and
other debris.
106
Driving
BRAKES
Your service brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the
scheduled maintenance guide for scheduled
maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not
indicate a performance concern with the vehicle’s
brake system. In normal operation, automotive brake
systems may emit occasional or intermittent squeal
or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such
noises are usually heard during the first few brake
applications in the morning; however, they may be
heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as
cold, heat, moisture, road dust, salt or mud. If a
“metal-to-metal”, “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking,
the brake linings may be worn-out and should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking
system (ABS), a noise from the hydraulic pump
motor and pulsation in the pedal may be observed
during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled
with noise while braking under panic conditions or
on loose gravel, bumps, wet or snowy roads is
normal and indicates proper functioning of the
vehicle’s anti-lock brake system. The ABS performs a
self-check at 17 km/h (10 mph) after you start the
engine and begin to drive away. A brief mechanical
noise may be heard during this test. This is normal.
If a malfunction is found, the ABS warning light will
come on. If the vehicle has continuous vibration or
shudder in the steering wheel while braking, the
vehicle should be inspected by a qualified service
technician.
107
Driving
The ABS operates by
detecting the onset of
wheel lockup during
brake applications
and compensating for
this tendency. The
wheels are prevented
from locking even
when the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts the advantage of
an ABS equipped vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with
loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp in the instrument cluster
momentarily illuminates when the ignition is turned
on and the engine is off. If the light does not
illuminate momentarily at start up, remains on or
continues to flash, the ABS needs to be serviced.
With the ABS light on,
!
P
the anti-lock brake
system is disabled and
BRAKE
normal braking is still
effective unless the brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released. (If your
brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency
from the ABS is required, apply continuous full
force on the brake. The ABS will be activated
immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing
there is sufficient space, will enable you to avoid
obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled
stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time
necessary to apply the brakes or always reduce
108
Driving
stopping distance. Always leave enough room
between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of
you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with
this braking technique. However, avoid taking any
unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking
brake whenever the
vehicle is parked. To
set the parking brake,
press the parking brake
pedal down until the
pedal stops.
The BRAKE warning
!
P
lamp in the instrument
cluster illuminates and
BRAKE
remains illuminated
(when the ignition is turned ON) until the parking
brake is released.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure that the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
The parking brake is not recommended to stop a
moving vehicle. However, if the normal brakes fail,
the parking brake can be used to stop your vehicle
in an emergency. Since the parking brake applies
only the rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance
will increase greatly and the handling of your vehicle
will be adversely affected.
109
Driving
Pull the release lever
to release the brake.
Driving with the
parking brake on will
cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power
steering uses energy from the engine to help steer
the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme
right or the extreme left for more than a few
seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power
steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the
engine is turned off), you can steer the vehicle
manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could
be caused by any of the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
110
Driving
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock
feature that prevents the gearshift from being moved
from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is depressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park)
with the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to
LOCK, then remove the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake
pedal and shift to N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to
move the gearshift, it is possible that a fuse has
blown or the vehicle’s brakelamps are not operating
properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify
that the brakelamps are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be
rocked out by shifting from forward and reverse
gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern.
Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear.
Do not rock the vehicle for more than a few
minutes. The transmission and tires may be
damaged or the engine may overheat.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure the gearshift is latched in P (Park).
Turn off the ignition whenever you leave your
vehicle.
111
Driving
If the parking brake is fully released, but the
brake warning lamp remains illuminated, the
brakes may not be working properly. See your
dealer or a qualified service technician.
Driving with an automatic overdrive transaxle
Your automatic transaxle electronically controls the
shift feel by using an adaptive learning strategy. This
feature is designed to optimize shift smoothness. It
is normal for your transaxle to shift firmly during the
first few hundred kilometers (miles) of operation
until the adaptive strategy has been learned. The
adaptive learning strategy is maintained by power
from the battery. When the battery is disconnected
or a new battery is installed, the transaxle must
relearn its adaptive strategy. Optimal shifting will
resume within a few hundred kilometers (miles) of
operation.
Your automatic
overdrive transaxle
provides fully
automatic operation in
(Overdrive)
either
or D (Drive). Driving
with the shift selector
in
(Overdrive) gives
the best fuel economy
for normal driving conditions. For manual control
start in 1 (First) and then shift manually.
If your vehicle is
equipped with a
console mounted
gearshift, you must
press the thumb button
on the side of the
gearshift to move the
gearshift from P
(Park).
112
Driving
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress
the brake pedal, then move gearshift out of P
(Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move
the gearshift lever from P (Park) to another
position. If you do not hold the brake pedal down,
your vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure
someone.
Understanding gearshift positions
P (Park)
Always come to a
complete stop before
shifting into P (Park).
Make sure the gearshift
is securely latched in P
(Park). This locks the
transaxle and prevent
the front wheels from
rotating.
P
R
N D
D
1
Always set the
parking brake
fully and make sure
the gearshift is
latched in P (Park).
Turn off the ignition
whenever you leave
your vehicle.
113
Driving
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R
(Reverse), the vehicle
will move backward.
You should always
come to a complete
stop before shifting
into and out of R
(Reverse).
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in
the N (Neutral)
position, the vehicle
can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the
brake pedal down while
in this position.
(Overdrive)
The
(Overdrive)
position is the normal
driving position for an
automatic overdrive
transaxle. It works the
same way as D (Drive)
but shifts to a fourth
gear — an overdrive
gear — when your
vehicle cruises at a
constant speed for any
length of time. This
114
P
R
N D
D
1
P
R
N D
D
1
P
R
N D
D
1
Driving
fourth gear will increase your fuel economy when
you travel at cruising speeds.
Overdrive may not be appropriate for certain
terrains. If the transaxle shifts back and forth
between third and fourth gears while you are driving
hilly roads or if your vehicle requires additional
power for climbing hills, shift into D (Drive).
When to use D (Drive)
The D (Drive) position
eliminates the needless
shifting back and forth
between third and
fourth gears that your
vehicle may do when
driving on hilly terrain.
It also gives more
engine braking than
overdrive to slow your
vehicle on downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) for when
added engine braking is
desired when
descending steep hills.
The automatic
transaxle will shift to
the proper gear to
ascend any grade
without any need to
shift to 1 (First).
P
R
N D
D
1
P
R
N D
D
1
Do not go faster than 61 km/h (38 mph) when in
this gear. You can upshift from 1 (First) to overdrive
at any time.
115
Driving
When parking, do not use the gearshift in
place of the parking brake. Always set the
parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in Park (P). Turn off
the ignition whenever you leave your vehicle.
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is
running. If you do not take these precautions, your
vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure
someone.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the
following terms:
• Base Curb Weight: Weight of the vehicle
including any standard equipment, fluids,
lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload: Combined maximum allowable weight of
cargo, passengers and optional equipment. The
payload equals the gross vehicle weight rating
minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight): Base curb weight
plus payload weight. The GVW is not a limit or a
specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating):
Maximum total weight of the base vehicle,
passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on
the Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door
pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating): Carrying
capacity for each axle system. The GAWR is
specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCW (Gross Combined Weight): The combined
weight of the towing vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) and the trailer.
116
Driving
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating):
Maximum combined weight of towing vehicle
(including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight
that the vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating: Maximum
weight of a trailer the vehicle is permitted to tow.
The maximum trailer weight rating is determined
by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required
option weight for trailer towing and the weight of
the driver from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight: maximum weight of a
trailer the loaded vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is determined
by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer
towing vehicle from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range: Specified weight range
that the trailer must fall within that ranges from
zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your
loaded trailer when figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the certification label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load
carrying capacities than the originals because they
may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit
than the originals do not increase the GVWR and
GAWR limitations.
The Certification Label, found on the inside pillar of
the driver’s door, lists several important vehicle
weight rating limitations. Before adding any
additional equipment, refer to these limitations. If
you are adding weight to the front of your vehicle,
(potentially including weight added to the cab), the
117
Driving
weight added should not exceed the Front Axle
Reserve Capacity (FARC). Additional frontal weight
may be added to the front axle reserve capacity
provided you limit your payload in other ways (i.e.
restrict the number of passengers or amount of
cargo carried).
You may add equipment throughout your vehicle if the
total weight added is equal to or less than the Total
Axle Reserve Capacity (TARC) weight. You should
NEVER exceed the Total Axle Reserve Capacity.
Always ensure that the weight of passengers, cargo
and equipment being carried is within the weight
limitations that have been established for your
vehicle including both Gross Vehicle Weight and
Front and Rear Gross Axle Weight Rating limits.
Under no circumstance should these limitations be
exceeded. Exceeding any vehicle weight rating
limitation could result in serious damage to the
vehicle and/or personal injury.
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water,
especially if the depth is unknown. Traction or brake
capability may be limited and if the ignition system
gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also
enter your engine’s air intake and severely damage
your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is
unavoidable, proceed very slowly. Never drive through
water that is higher than the bottom of the hubs.
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet
brakes do not stop the vehicle as effectively as dry
brakes. Drying can be improved by moving your
vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the
brake pedal.
Driving through deep water where the
transmission is submerged may allow water
into the transmission and cause internal
transmission damage.
118
Driving
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is classified as a light duty towing
vehicle. The amount of weight you can safely tow
depends on the type of engine you have in your
vehicle. Your vehicle does not come from the factory
fully equipped to tow. No towing packages are
available through Ford or Mercury/Lincoln dealers.
Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been
driven at least 800 km (500 miles). If towing with a
station wagon, inflate the rear tires to 35 psi.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your
vehicle’s engine, transaxle, brakes, tires and
suspension. Inspect these components carefully after
towing.
In order to identify your vehicle’s engine, refer to
Identifying components in the engine
compartment in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
The amount of weight that you can tow depends on
the type of engine in your vehicle. See the following
charts:
Model
Sedan
Wagon
3.0L 2-Valve Vulcan Engine
Passenger Luggage
Max Trailer
Load-#/kg Load-kg
Wt.-kg (lbs.)
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
5/340 (750) 0
365 (800)
4/270 (600) 70 (150)
365 (800)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
500 (1 100)
2/135 (300) 0
565 (1 250)
4/270 (600) 0
365 (800)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
430 (950)
2/135 (300) 0
500 (1 100)
The above chart is based on the specified vehicle at
a maximum GCW (Vehicle weight + Trailer weight)
equal to 2 245 kg (4 950 lbs.).
119
Driving
3.0L 4-Valve Duratec Engine and SHO engine
Model
Passenger Luggage
Max Trailer
Load-#/kg Load-kg
Wt.-kg (lbs.)
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
Sedan
5/340 (750) 0
590 (1 300)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
725 (1 600)
2/135 (300) 0
795 (1750)
Wagon
5/340 (750) 70 (150)
455 (1 000)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
660 (1 450)
2/135 (300) 0
725 (1 600)
The above chart is based on the specified vehicle at
a maximum GCW (Vehicle weight + Trailer weight)
equal to 2 470 kg (5 450 lbs.).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the certification label.
Towing trailers beyond the maximum
recommended gross trailer weight exceeds
the limit of the vehicle and could result in engine
damage, transaxle damage, structural damage, loss
of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and
make sure it is properly attached to your vehicle.
See your dealer or a reliable trailer dealer if you
require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle
bumper. Use a load carrying hitch. You must
distribute the load in your trailer so that 10% of the
total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
120
Driving
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the
vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross
the chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack
for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that
the rental agency gives to you.
Do not attach safety chains to the bumper.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type
brakes are safe if installed properly and adjusted to
the manufacturer’s specifications. The trailer brakes
must meet local and Federal regulations.
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake
system directly to your vehicle’s brake
system. Your vehicle may not have enough braking
power and your chances of having a collision
greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for
operation at the GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles.
Make sure your trailer lamps conform to local and
Federal regulations. See your dealer or trailer rental
agency for proper instructions and equipment for
hooking up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when
towing a trailer. Do not drive faster than 72 km/h
(45 mph) with any weight on the trailer while
towing on a hot day or in hilly country.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on
long, steep grades.
121
Driving
When towing a trailer:
• Use D (Drive) or a lower gear when towing up or
down steep hills. This will eliminate excessive
downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transaxle cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle
will require more frequent service intervals. Refer to
your maintenance guide and or service guide for
more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an
area before starting on a trip to get the feel of the
vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs
and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer
attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10% of the
loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles),
thoroughly check your hitch, electrical
connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in
hot weather, place the gearshift in P (Park) and
increase idle speed. This aids engine cooling and
air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. If you must park on a grade, place wheel
chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
Towing your vehicle behind another vehicle
At times, you may want to tow your vehicle behind
another vehicle, such as a recreational vehicle, car
or a truck.
122
Driving
Before you have your vehicle towed:
• Release the parking brake.
• Turn the key in the ignition to OFF.
• Move the gearshift to N (Neutral).
• Unlock the steering wheel.
Do not tow your vehicle at a speed faster than
56 km/h (35 mph) or for a distance greater than 80
km (50 miles), unless the drive wheels are placed on
dollies.
Never use a tow bar that attaches to the
bumper when you tow your vehicle. This
could damage the bumper and cause an accident.
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
The rear crossbar can be adjusted to fit the item
being carried. The front crossbar does not move. Do
not load more than 44 kg (100 lbs.) on the luggage
rack.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the
thumbwheel at both
ends of the cross-bar.
2. Slide the cross-bar
to the desired location.
3. Tighten the thumbwheel at both ends of the
cross-bar.
Use adjustable tie down loops to secure the load.
123
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD FLASHER
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle
breakdown, approaching danger, etc. The hazard
flashers can be operated when the ignition is off.
• The hazard lights
control is located on
top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard
lights control to
activate all hazard
flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the flashers off.
RESETTING THE FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF
SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not
start, the fuel pump shut-off switch may have been
activated. The shut-off switch is a device intended to
stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has
been involved in a substantial jolt.
If your vehicle is a
sedan, the fuel pump
shut-off switch is
located on the right
side of the trunk
behind the trunk liner.
124
Roadside emergencies
If your vehicle is a
wagon, the fuel pump
shut-off switch is
located behind the
service panel on the
right side of the cargo
area.
Use the following procedure to reset the fuel pump
shut-off switch.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump
shut-off switch by pushing in on the reset button.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a
few seconds and return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical
components in the
vehicle are not
15
working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown
fuses are identified by a broken wire within the fuse.
Check the appropriate fuses before replacing any
electrical components.
Always replace a fuse with one that has the
specified amperage rating. Using a fuse with
a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
125
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
COLOR
Fuse
Rating
2A
3A
4A
5A
7.5A
10A
15A
20A
25A
30A
40A
50A
60A
70A
80A
Cartridge
Maxi
Fuses
Grey
Grey
—
—
Violet Violet
—
—
Pink
Pink
—
—
Tan
Tan
—
—
Brown Brown
—
—
Red
Red
—
—
Blue
Blue
—
—
Yellow Yellow Yellow
Blue
Natural Natural
—
—
Green Green Green
Pink
—
—
Orange Green
—
—
Red
Red
—
—
Blue
—
—
—
Tan
—
—
—
Natural
—
Mini
Fuses
Standard
Fuses
Maxi
Fuses
Fuse
Link
Cartridge
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Blue
—
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Brown
Black
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of
the steering wheel by the brake pedal. Remove the
panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided
on the fuse panel cover.
126
15A
HIGH
BEAM
15A
10A
DIAGNOS DECKLID
RELEASE
5A
20A
CIGAR MIRRORS
ANTENNA
30A
5A
FRONT HEAD LP
WIPERS
ILLUM
5A
5A
AIR BAG LIGHT
OUT MOD
20A
10A
EEC
ABS
IGN COIL
5A
15A
SHIFT
BK LPS
INTLOCK
AC
5A
INSTR
ILLUM
15A
HAZARD
LAMPS
INTERIOR
LAMP
RELAY
DRIVER
UNLOCK
RELAY
BATTERY
SAVER
RELAY
DRIVER
WINDOW
RELAY
5A
TAIL
LAMPS
10A
BATTERY
SAVER
5A
WIPER &
VAPS
15A
REAR
WIPER
10A
TURN
SIGNAL
5A
AIR BAG
ALT LPS
10A
STARTER
RELAY
10A
LT LOW
BEAM
5A
RADIO
MEMORY
20A
RHD
PWR LKS
5A
GAUGES
WRN LPS
5A
RADIO
MUTE
10A
RT LOW
BEAM
5A
RADIO
5A
SWITCH
ILLUM
10A
DEF SW
ILLUM
15A
STOP
LAMPS
REAR
DEFROST
RELAY
ACCESSORY
DELAY
RELAY
SEE OWNERS MANUAL
CONSULTER LA GUIDE
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
—
Not Used
2
5A
Instrument Illumination
3
10A
Left Low Beam
Headlamp
4
10A
Right Low Beam
Headlamp
5
5A
Instrument Cluster,
Shift Lock Actuator,
Rear Defrost
6
15A
TR Sensor, Reverse
Lamps, DRL, A/C
Controls
7
10A
TR Sensor, Starter
Relay
8
5A
Power Antenna, RCU,
GEM
9
10A
ABS
10
20A
PCM Relay, Ignition
Coil, PATS, Radio
11
5A
Instrument Cluster
127
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
12
5A
Instrument Cluster,
Autolamps,
Transmission Control
Switch, ICP, GEM
13
5A
Electronic Crash Unit
(ECU), Blower Motor,
EATC
14
5A
Semi-Active Ride
Control Module
15
10A
Multifunction Switch
(Turn Signal)
16
—
Not Used
17
30A
Front Wiper/Washer
18
5A
Headlamp Switch
19
15A
Rear Wiper/Washer
20
5A
ICP, RAP, Phone, GEM
21
20A
Cigar Lighter
22
5A
Power Mirrors, Power
Antenna, Luggage
Compartment Lamp,
Autolamp
23
5A
GEM, RAP, PATS
24
5A
ICP, RCC, Speedometer
25
10A
Data Link Connector
(DLC)
26
15A
Luggage Compartment
27
10A
Battery Saver Relay
28
15A
Speed Control, Brake
Lamp
29
15A
Multifunction Switch,
(Hazard)
30
15A
High Beams, Daytime
Running Lamps,
Instrument Cluster
128
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
31
—
Not Used
32
10A
ICP, Heated Mirrors
33
5A
Power Windows, Lock
Illumination
34
—
Battery Saver Relay
35
—
Driver Door Unlock
Relay
36
—
Rear Defroster Relay
37
—
Interior Lamp Relay
38
—
One Touch Window
Down Relay
39
—
Accessory Delay Relay
Power distribution box
The power distribution
box is located in the
engine compartment.
The power distribution
box contains
high-current fuses that
protect your vehicle’s
main electrical systems
from overloads.
Always disconnect the battery before
servicing high current fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power
Distribution Box before reconnecting the
battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
129
Roadside emergencies
If the battery has been disconnected and
reconnected, refer to the Battery section of the
Maintenance and Care chapter.
34
28
24
16
20
23
15
19
27
17
33
13
21
14
9
11
18
12
22
10
5
3
7
1
8
4
6
2
MEGA-FUSE
30
25
29
32
26
31
175A
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
1
40A**
Fuse Junction Panel
2
30A**
PCM Relay
3
40A**
Ignition Switch, Starter
Relay
4
30A C.B. Accessory Delay Relay,
Power Seat
5
40A**
Ignition Switch
6
—
Not Used
7
40A**
Rear Window Defrost
Relay
8
30A**
Thermactor Air ByPass
Solenoid, EAM Solid
State Relay
9
40A**
High Speed Cooling Fan
Relay, Low Speed
Cooling Fan Relay
10
20A**
Fuel Pump Relay
11
40A**
Blower Motor Relay
12
20A**
Semi-Active Ride
Control Module
130
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/Relay Fuse Amp
Description
Location
Rating
13
40A**
Anti-Lock Brake Module
14
—
Not Used
15
15A*
Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) Module
16
10A*
Electronic Control Unit
(ECU)
17
20A*
Rear Control Unit, CD
Changer
18
30A*
Anti-Lock Brake Module
19
15A*
Horn Relay, Powertrain
Control Module (PCM)
20
15A*
Headlamp Switch,
Autolamp Park Relay
21
—
Not Used
22
30A*
Autolamps Relay,
Multifunction Switch,
Headlamp Switch
23
—
Blower Motor Relay
24
—
Starter Relay
25
—
A/C Clutch Relay
26
30A*
Generator
27
10A*
A/C Clutch Relay
28
15A*
Heated Oxygen Sensors,
Canister Vent
29
—
Fuel Pump Relay
30
—
PCM Relay
31
—
Low Speed Cooling Fan
Relay
32
—
PCM Diode
33
—
A/C Clutch Diode
34
—
Not Used
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
131
Roadside emergencies
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and
should be replaced by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the
brake heavily. Instead, gradually decrease your
speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly and slowly
move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
The temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled
as such. It is smaller than a regular tire and is
designed for emergency use only.
If you use the temporary spare tire
continuously or do not follow these
precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose
control of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or
others.
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any
circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load
rating listed on the Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of
the vehicle’s reduced ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it
from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate hazard flashers
and set parking brake.
132
Roadside emergencies
When one of the front wheels is off the
ground, the transaxle alone will not prevent
the vehicle from moving or slipping off the jack,
even if the vehicle is in P (Park).
To prevent the vehicle from moving when
you change a tire, be sure the parking brake
is set, then block (in both directions) the wheel
that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of
the vehicle) to the tire being changed.
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or
someone else could be seriously injured.
2. Place gearshift lever
in P (Park), turn
engine OFF, block the
diagonally opposite
wheel, then remove the
spare tire, jack and lug wrench.
• In the sedan, these
are located in the
trunk cargo area
storage
compartment.
• In the wagon, they
are stored in the left
side rear trim panel
for the temporary
spare and in the
floor cargo area
storage compartment
for the full size
spare.
133
Roadside emergencies
3. Remove the center ornament or wheel cover from
the wheel with the tapered end of the wheel nut
wrench that came with your vehicle. Insert and twist
the handle, then pry against the wheel.
4. Loosen each wheel
lug nut one-half turn
counterclockwise but
do not remove them
until the wheel is
raised off the ground.
5. Put the jack in the
jack notch next to the
door of the tire you are
changing. Turn the jack
handle clockwise until
the wheel is completely
off the ground.
6. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
7. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making
sure the valve stem is facing outward. Reinstall lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not
fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
8. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise.
1
9. Remove the jack and
fully tighten the lug
nuts in the order
3
4
shown.
5
134
2
Roadside emergencies
10. Return the flat tire,
jack and lug wrench to
their proper storage
locations. Make sure
the jack is fastened so
it does not rattle when
you drive.
11. Unblock the
wheels.
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if
exposed to flames, sparks, or lit cigarettes.
An explosion could result in injury or vehicle
damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could
damage the catalytic converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which can
burn skin, eyes, and clothing, if contacted.
Do not attempt to push start your vehicle.
Automatic transmissions do not have
push-start capability.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your
vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled
vehicle as this could damage the vehicle’s electrical
system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the
disabled vehicle making sure the two vehicles do
135
Roadside emergencies
not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other
moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any
excessive corrosion before you attach the battery
cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect
any electrical surges. Turn all other accessories off.
Connecting the jumper cables, 3.0L Vulcan, 3.0L
Duratec and 3.4L SHO engines
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used
to designate the assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal of the assisting battery.
136
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-)
cable. For the 3.0L Vulcan and 3.4L SHO, make the
connection to an exposed metal part of the stalled
vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system. For the 3.0L
Duratec, make the connection to the hood latch of
the disabled engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor/fuel injection system.
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to
ground the circuit) are the alternator mounting
brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not use fuel
lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as
grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable
to the negative (-) terminal of the battery to
be jumped. A spark may cause an explosion of the
gases that surround the battery.
137
Roadside emergencies
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades,
belts and other moving parts of both engines.
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run
the engine at moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run
both engines for an additional three minutes before
disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables, 3.0L Vulcan, 3.0L
Duratec and 3.4L SHO engines
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order
that they were connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable. For the 3.0L Vulcan
and 3.4L SHO, remove the jumper cable from the
ground metal surface. For the 3.0L Duratec, remove
the jumper cable from the hood latch.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-)
connection of the booster vehicle’s battery.
138
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the
jumper cables removed, allow it to idle for several
minutes so the engine computer can relearn its idle
conditions.
139
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a
professional towing service or, if you are a member,
your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment. Do not tow with a
slingbelt. Ford Motor Company has not approved a
slingbelt towing procedure.
If your vehicle is to be towed from the rear using
wheel lift equipment, the front wheels (drive
wheels) must be placed on a dolly to prevent
damage to the transaxle.
Ford Motor Company provides a towing manual for
all authorized tow truck operators. Have your tow
truck operator refer to this manual for proper
hook-up and towing procedures for your vehicle.
140
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine
compartment for easy location.
• We provide a Scheduled Maintenance Guide which
makes tracking routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your
dealership can provide necessary parts and service.
Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out which parts
and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and
service parts conforming to specifications. Motorcraft
parts are designed and built to provide the best
performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR
VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing
your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, keep loose clothing,
jewelry or long hair away from moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running
in an enclosed space, unless you are sure you
have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit
material away from the battery and all fuel related
parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must
“relearn” its idle conditions before your vehicle will
drive properly, as explained in the Battery section in
this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake, and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in park.
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
141
Maintenance and care
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it while the
engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle,
pull the hood release
handle located under
the bottom of the
instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of
the vehicle and release
the auxiliary latch that
is located under the
front center of the
hood.
3. Lift the hood until
the lift cylinders hold it open.
BRAKE
142
HOOD
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
3.0L V6 Vulcan engine
1
2
9
8
3
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
5
6
4
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Battery
Engine oil filler cap
Engine oil dipstick
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
143
Maintenance and care
3.0L DOHC V6 Duratec engine
8
1
9
2
3
4
7
6
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Battery
Engine oil filler cap
Engine oil dipstick
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Power steering fluid reservoir
144
Maintenance and care
3.4L-32V V8 SHO engine
1
9
V8
32
VALVE
7
4
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
2
3
8
5
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Battery
Engine oil dipstick
Engine oil filler cap
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Power steering fluid reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the
appropriate intervals for checking the engine oil .
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for
the oil to drain into the oil pan.
145
Maintenance and care
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P.
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully
remove the engine oil
indicator (dipstick).
ADD 1 QT
MIN
FULL
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully,
then remove it again.
• If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL
marks or between the MIN and MAX marks
(depending on application), the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is
below the ADD or
MIN mark, add
enough oil to raise
the level within the
ADD-FULL or within
the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the F in FULL or above the MAX
mark, may cause engine damage. Some oil must
be removed from the engine by a service
technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully
seated.
146
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to
Checking the engine oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal
range, add only certified engine oil of the
recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler
cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the
opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil
level is not above the F in FULL mark on the engine
oil level indicator (dipstick).
4. Install the indicator and ensure it is fully seated.
5. Fully install the engine oil filler cap by turning the
filler cap clockwise until three clicks can be heard.
To avoid possible oil loss, DO NOT operate the
vehicle with the engine oil level indicator
and/or the engine oil filler cap removed.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this
Certification
Trademark.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline
engines by the American Petroleum Institute (API).
Motor oil displaying the API Certification Trademark
will meet all requirements for your vehicle’s engine.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil
treatments or engine treatments. They are
unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your
warranty.
147
Maintenance and care
Change your engine oil and filter according to the
appropriate schedule listed in the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil
filters are designed for added engine protection and
long life. If a replacement oil filter is used that does
not meet Ford material and design specifications,
startup engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate
Motorcraft oil filter (or another brand meeting Ford
specifications) for your engine application.
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be
checked and refilled as
needed. Refer to the
Scheduled
Maintenance Guide for
the service interval
schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir
cap before removal to prevent dirt or water from
entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the
fluid level.
3. If necessary, add
brake fluid until the
level reaches MAX. Do
not fill above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid certified to meet
Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
MAX
Brake fluid is toxic.
148
Maintenance and care
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3,
you will cause permanent damage to your
brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master
cylinder run dry. This may cause the brakes
to fail.
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid
whenever you stop for
fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add
enough fluid to fill the
reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the
reservoir all the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container
for the windshield washer fluid.
149
Maintenance and care
Checking and adding washer fluid for the
liftgate (if equipped)
The opening for the
reservoir is located on
the passenger side
under the tail lamp.
Refill this reservoir
with the same fluid you
use for your
windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the
engine coolant in the
reservoir. Refer to the
Scheduled Maintenance
Guide for service
interval schedules. Be
sure to read and
understand
Precautions when
servicing your vehicle
in this chapter.
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the
recommended interval, the engine coolant reservoir
may become empty. If this occurs, add engine
coolant to the reservoir. For more information on
engine coolant maintenance, refer to Adding engine
coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not use
engine coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer fluid
outside of its specified function and vehicle location.
150
Maintenance and care
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the reservoir
for the windshield washer fluid.
Use only Ford Premium Engine Coolant
E2FZ-19549–AA (in Oregon, F5FZ-19549–CC, in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-10) or a premium
engine coolant that meets Ford specification
ESE-M97B44–A.
• DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant F6AZ-19544–AA (orange in color).
• DO NOT USE a DEX-COOLt engine coolant
or an equivalent engine coolant that meets
Ford specification WSS-M97B44–D.
• DO NOT USE alcohol or methanol antifreeze
or any engine coolants mixed with alcohol or
methanol antifreeze.
• DO NOT USE supplemental coolant additives
in your vehicle. These additives may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• DO NOT MIX recycled coolant and
conventional coolant together in your
vehicle. Mixing of engine coolants may harm
your engine’s cooling system.
• The use of an improper coolant may harm
engine and cooling system components and
may void the warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system.
• Use only the type of coolant with which your
vehicle was originally equipped. If you are
unsure which type of coolant your vehicle
requires, contact your local dealer.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could
make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water to the engine
coolant reservoir.
151
Maintenance and care
Plain water may be added in an emergency, but you
must replace it with a 50/50 mixture of coolant and
distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the
next few times you drive the vehicle. If necessary,
add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant and
distilled water to bring the liquid level into the cold
fill range on the reservoir.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap
while the engine is running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow
these steps to avoid personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off
and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth
around the cap. Slowly turn cap counterclockwise
until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been
released, use the cloth to turn it counterclockwise
and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the
appropriate schedule listed in the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and
Lincoln-Mercury dealers use recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
Not all coolant recycling processes produce coolant
which meets Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and
use of such coolant may harm engine and cooling
system components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a
responsible manner. Follow your community’s
regulations and standards for recycling and disposing
of automotive fluids.
152
Maintenance and care
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling
system can hold, refer to Refill capacities in the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system
for leaks if you have to add more than 1.0 liter
(1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than
–36°C [–34°F]), it may be necessary to increase the
coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to the chart
on the coolant container to ensure the coolant
concentration in your vehicle is such that the
coolant will not freeze at the temperature level in
which you drive during winter months. Never
increase the coolant concentration above 60%.
Increased engine coolant concentrations above 60%
will decrease the freeze protection characteristics of
the engine coolant. Vehicles driven year-round in
non-extreme climates should use a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and distilled water for optimum
freeze protection.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING
FLUID
Check the power
steering fluid. Refer to
the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide for
the service interval
schedules. If adding
fluid is necessary, use
only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches
normal operating temperature (the engine coolant
153
Maintenance and care
temperature gauge indicator will be near the center
of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel
left and right several times.
3. Turn the engine off.
Perform steps 4 and 5 following the procedure for
your engine.
3.0L V6 Vulcan engine
4. Check the fluid level
on the dipstick. It
should be between the
arrows in the FULL
HOT range. Do not add
fluid if the level is
within this range.
FULL
HOT
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the dipstick back
in the reservoir.
3.0L Duratec engine and 3.4L SHO engine
4. Check the fluid level
in the reservoir. It
should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do
not add fluid if the
level is within this
range.
MAX
MIN
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
range between the MIN and MAX lines. Be sure to
put the cap back on the reservoir.
154
Maintenance and care
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your Scheduled Maintenance Guide for
scheduled intervals for fluid checks and changes.
Your transaxle does not consume fluid. However, the
fluid level should be checked if the transaxle is not
working properly, i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts
slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when
warmed. To obtain an accurate fluid check,
drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your
vehicle has been operated for an extended
period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should
be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow
fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it
reaches normal operating temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the
parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on
the brake pedal, start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the gear ranges. Allow
sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the
engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean,
dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in
the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level.
The fluid should be in the designated areas for
normal operating temperature.
155
Maintenance and care
Low fluid level
Do not drive the
vehicle if the fluid level
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
is at the bottom of the
dipstick and the outside temperatures are above
10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal
operating temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on
a level surface. The normal operating temperature
can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
The transmission fluid
should be in this range
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C [150°F-170°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the
safe range may result
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
in transaxle failure. An
overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible
damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating
condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type
is used. The type of fluid used is normally indicated
on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle and also in
the Lubricant specifications section in the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission
fluid may cause internal transaxle component
damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint)
increments through the filler tube until the level is
correct.
156
Maintenance and care
If an overfill occurs,
excess fluid should be
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may
cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is
equipped with a
Motorcraft
maintenance-free
battery which normally
does not require
additional water during
its life of service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature
climates, check the battery electrolyte level. Refer to
the Scheduled Maintenance Guide for the service
interval schedules.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the
“level indicator”. Do not overfill the battery
cells.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can
add plain tap water to the battery, as long as you do
not use hard water (water with a high mineral or
alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill
the battery cells with distilled water. If the battery
needs water often, have the charging system
checked.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it
is reinstalled after the battery has been
cleaned or replaced.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of
the battery clean and dry. Also, make certain the
battery cables are always tightly fastened to the
battery terminals.
157
Maintenance and care
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals,
remove the cables from the terminals and clean with
a wire brush. You can neutralize the acid with a
solution of baking soda and water.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases
which can cause personal injury. Therefore,
do not allow flames, sparks or lighted substances
to come near the battery. When working near the
battery, always shield your face and protect your
eyes. Always provide proper ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery,
excessive pressure on the end walls could
cause acid to flow through the vent caps, resulting
in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or
battery. Lift the battery with a battery carrier or
with your hands on opposite corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Avoid contact
with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes when
working near the battery to protect against
possible splashing of acid solution. In case of acid
contact with skin or eyes, flush immediately with
water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get
prompt medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call
a physician immediately.
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically
controlled by a computer, some control conditions
are maintained by power from the battery. When the
battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle and fuel trim
strategy for optimum driveability and performance.
To begin this process:
1. Set your parking brake.
158
Maintenance and care
AD
LE
RN
TU
RE
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all
accessories and start the engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically
complete as you drive the vehicle.
• The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10
miles) or more to relearn the idle and fuel trim
strategy.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle
trim, the idle quality of your vehicle may be
adversely affected until the idle trim is eventually
relearned.
If the battery has been disconnected or a new
battery has been installed, the clock and the preset
radio stations must be reset once the battery is
reconnected.
• Always dispose of
automotive batteries
in a responsible
manner. Follow your
local authorized
standards for
disposal. Call your
RECYCLE
local authorized
recycling center to find out more about recycling
automotive batteries.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when
they seem less effective. Substances such as tree sap
and some hot wax treatments used by commercial
car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both
the windshield and wiper blades using undiluted
windshield wiper solution or a mild detergent. Rinse
thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
159
Maintenance and care
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm
away from the
windshield and lock
into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an
angle from the wiper
arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the
blade and pull the
wiper blade down
toward the windshield
to remove it from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the wiper arm and press
it into place until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted
with tires that have
their Tire Quality
Grade (described
below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These
Tire Quality Grades are
determined by
standards that the
United States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for
use on passenger cars. They do not apply to deep
tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or
temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production
tires as defined in Title 49 Code of Federal
Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
160
Maintenance and care
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality
grades: The U.S. Department of Transportation
requires Ford to give you the following information
about tire grades exactly as the government has
written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government test
course. For example, a tire graded 150 would wear
one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the
government course as a tire graded 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart
significantly from the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practices, and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction AA A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are AA,
A, B, and C. Those grades represent the tire’s ability
to stop on wet pavement as measured under
controlled conditions on specified government test
surfaces of asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C
may have poor traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is
based on straight-ahead braking traction
tests, and does not include acceleration, cornering,
hydroplaning or peak traction characteristics.
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and
C, representing the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
161
Maintenance and care
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of performance which
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B
and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after
the vehicle has been parked for at least one hour
or has been driven less than 5 km (3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended
specifications found on the Certification Label.
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle
handling and can fail suddenly, possibly
resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs,
they often wear differently. To make sure your tires
wear evenly and last longer, rotate them as indicated
in the Scheduled Maintenance Guide. If you notice
that the tires wear unevenly, have them checked.
162
Maintenance and care
• Four tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when
the wear band is
visible through the tire
treads.
When replacing full size tires, never mix
radial bias-belted, or bias-type tires. Use
only the tire sizes that are listed on the
Certification Label. Make sure that all tires are the
same size, speed rating, and load-carrying capacity.
Use only the tire combinations recommended on
the label. If you do not follow these precautions,
your vehicle may not drive properly and safely.
Make sure that all replacement tires are of
the same size, type, load-carrying capacity
and tread design (e.g., “All Terrain”, etc.), as
originally offered by Ford.
163
Maintenance and care
Failure to follow these precautions may
adversely affect the handling of the vehicle
and make it easier for the driver to lose control
and roll over.
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s
original tires may also affect the accuracy of your
speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade
as the tires you currently have on your
vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to
provide traction in rain and snow. However, in some
climates, you may need to use snow tires and
chains. If you need to use snow tires and chains, it is
recommended that steel wheels are used of the
same size and specifications as those originally
installed.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and
chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do
not touch any wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or
bang against your vehicle, stop and re-tighten the
chains. If this does not work, remove the chains
to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Do not use tire chains if your vehicle is equipped
with P225/55ZR16 or P215/6OR16 tires.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer
needed. Do not use tire chains on dry roads.
164
Maintenance and care
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help
prevent vehicle damage. Do not remove these
components from your vehicle when using snow
tires and chains.
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT
AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in
an overfilled tank may cause leakage and
lead to fuel spray and fire.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel filler cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise,
fuel may spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap,
excessive pressure or vacuum in the fuel
tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel
system to work improperly in a collision, which
may result in possible personal injury.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or
death if misused or mishandled.
165
Maintenance and care
Observe the following guidelines when handling
automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all
smoking materials
and any open flames
before fueling your
vehicle.
• Always turn off the
vehicle before
fueling.
• Automotive fuels can be harmful or fatal if
swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic
and if swallowed can cause death or permanent
injury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately
apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be
visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel
vapor of any kind can lead to eye and respiratory
tract irritation. In severe cases, excessive or
prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause
serious illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is
splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses (if
worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and seek
medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical
attention could lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the
skin. If fuel is splashed on the skin and/or
clothing, promptly remove contaminated clothing
and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
Repeated or prolonged skin contact with fuel
liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking
“Antabuse” or other forms of disulfiram for the
treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline
vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse
reaction. In sensitive individuals, serious personal
injury or sickness may result. If fuel is splashed
166
Maintenance and care
on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with
soap and water. Consult a physician immediately
if you experience an adverse reaction.
When refueling always shut the engine off
and never allow sparks or open flames near
the filler neck. Never smoke while refueling. Fuel
vapor is extremely hazardous under certain
conditions. Care should be taken to avoid inhaling
excess fumes.
The flow of fuel through a fuel pump nozzle
can produce static electricity, which can
cause a fire if fuel is pumped into an ungrounded
fuel container.
Use the following guidelines to avoid static build-up
when filling an ungrounded fuel container:
• Place approved fuel container on the ground.
• DO NOT fill a fuel container while it is in the
vehicle.
• Keep the fuel pump nozzle in contact with the
fuel container while filling.
• DO NOT use a device that would hold the fuel
pump handle in the fill position.
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with
a 1/8 turn on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8
of a turn until it stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with
the notches on the filler pipe.
167
Maintenance and care
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine” indicator
comes on and stays on when you start the engine,
the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed.
Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap, align
the cap properly and reinstall it.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace
it with a fuel filler cap that is designed for
your vehicle. The customer warranty may be
void for any damage to the fuel tank or fuel
system if the correct genuine Ford or
Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel filler cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise,
fuel may spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap,
excessive pressure or vacuum in the fuel
tank may damage the fuel system or cause the fuel
system to work improperly in a collision, which
may result in possible personal injury.
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel
is prohibited by law and could damage your vehicle.
Do not use fuel containing methanol. It can damage
critical fuel system components.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel
additives with metallic compounds, including
manganese-based compounds containing MMT.
Repairs to correct the effects of using a fuel for
which your vehicle was not designed may not be
covered by your warranty.
168
Maintenance and care
Octane recommendations
3.0L V6 Vulcan and 3.0L DOHC V6 Duratec
engines
Your vehicle is
designed to use
“Regular” unleaded
gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend
the use of gasolines labeled as “Regular” that are
sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high
altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes
knocks lightly. However, if it knocks heavily under
most driving conditions while you are using fuel with
the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or
a qualified service technician to prevent any engine
damage.
87
(R+M)/2 METHOD
3.4L-32V V8 SHO engine
Your vehicle is
designed to use
“Premium” gasoline
with an (R+M)/2
octane rating of 91 or higher for optimum
performance. The use of gasolines with lower octane
ratings may degrade performance. We do not
recommend the use of gasolines labeled as
“Premium” in high altitude areas that are sold with
octane ratings of less than 91.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes
knocks lightly. However, if it knocks heavily under
most driving conditions while you are using fuel with
the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or
a qualified service technician to prevent any engine
damage.
91
(R+M)/2 METHOD
169
Maintenance and care
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or
hesitation driveability problems during a cold start, try
a different brand of gasoline. “Premium” unleaded
gasoline should not be used (particularly in the United
States) if “Regular” unleaded gasoline is recommended
because it may cause these problems to become more
pronounced. If the problems persist, see your dealer or
a qualified service technician.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket
products to your fuel tank if you continue to use a
high quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air
quality, including reformulated gasolines that contain
oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may
have an adverse affect on powertrain components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times
after refueling before the system starts to pump
the fuel from the tank to the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” indicator may come
on. For more information on the “Service Engine
Soon” indicator, refer to the Instrumentation
chapter.
Fuel Filter
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician. Refer to the Scheduled
Maintenance Guide for the appropriate intervals for
changing the fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter with an authorized
Motorcraft part. The customer warranty may
be void for any damage to the fuel system if an
authorized Motorcraft fuel filter is not used.
170
Maintenance and care
ESSENTIALS OF GOOD FUEL ECONOMY
Measuring techniques
Your best source of information about actual fuel
economy is you, the driver. You must gather
information as accurately and consistently as
possible. Fuel expense, frequency of fillups or fuel
gauge readings are NOT accurate as a measure of
fuel economy. We do not recommend taking fuel
economy measurements during the first 1 600 km
(1 000 miles) of driving (engine break-in period).
You will get a more accurate measurement after
3 000 km–5 000 km (2 000 miles-3 000 miles).
Filling the tank
The advertised fuel capacity of the fuel tank on your
vehicle is equal to the rated refill capacity of the fuel
tank as listed in the Refill Capacities chart in this
“Owner Guide”. The advertised capacity is the
amount of the Indicated Capacity and the Empty
Reserve combined. Indicated Capacity is the
difference in the amount of fuel in a full tank and a
tank when the fuel gauge indicates empty. Empty
Reserve is the small amount of usable fuel remaining
in the fuel tank after the fuel gauge indicates empty.
The amount of Empty Reserve varies and
should not be relied upon to increase driving
range. When refueling your vehicle after the
fuel gauge indicates empty, you might not be
able to refuel the full amount of the advertised
capacity of the fuel tank due to the empty
reserve still present in the tank.
For consistent results when filling the fuel tank:
• Use the same filling rate setting (low — medium
— high) each time the tank is filled.
• Allow three automatic click-offs when filling.
• Always use fuel with the recommended octane
rating.
171
Maintenance and care
• Use a known quality gasoline, preferably a
national brand.
• Use the same side of the same pump and have
the vehicle facing the same direction each time
you fill up.
• Have the vehicle loading and distribution the
same every time.
Your results will be most accurate if your filling
method is consistent.
Calculating fuel economy
1. Fill the fuel tank completely and record the initial
odometer reading (in kilometers or miles).
2. Each time you fill the tank, record the amount of
fuel added (in liters or gallons).
3. After at least three to five tank fill-ups, fill the
fuel tank and record the current odometer reading.
4. Subtract your initial odometer reading from the
current odometer reading.
5. Follow one of the simple calculations in order to
determine fuel economy:
Multiply liters used by 100, then divide by total
kilometers traveled.
Divide total miles traveled by total gallons
used.
Keep a record for at least one month and record the
type of driving (city or highway). This will provide
an accurate estimate of the vehicle’s fuel economy
under current driving conditions. Additionally,
keeping records during summer and winter will show
how temperature impacts fuel economy. In general,
lower temperatures give lower fuel economy.
172
Maintenance and care
Driving style — good driving and fuel economy
habits
Give consideration to the lists that follow and you
may be able to change a number of variables and
improve your fuel economy.
Habits
• Smooth, moderate operation can yield up to 10%
savings in fuel.
• Steady speeds without stopping will usually give
the best fuel economy.
• Idling for long periods of time (greater than one
minute) may waste fuel.
• Anticipate stopping; slowing down may eliminate
the need to stop.
• Sudden or hard accelerations may reduce fuel
economy.
• Slow down gradually.
• Driving at reasonable speeds (traveling at 88 km/h
[55 mph] uses 15% less fuel than traveling at
105 km/h [65 mph]).
• Revving the engine before turning it off may
reduce fuel economy.
• Using the air conditioner or defroster may reduce
fuel economy.
• Using speed control (if equipped) may improve
fuel economy. Speed control can help maintain a
constant speed and reduce speed changes. You
may want to turn off the speed control in hilly
terrain as unnecessary shifting between third and
fourth gears may occur and could result in
reduced fuel economy.
• Warming up a vehicle on cold mornings is not
required and may reduce fuel economy.
• Resting your foot on the brake pedal while driving
may reduce fuel economy.
173
Maintenance and care
• Combine errands and minimize stop-and-go
driving.
Maintenance
• Keep tires properly inflated and use only
recommended size.
• Operating a vehicle with the wheels out of
alignment will reduce fuel economy.
• Use recommended engine oil. Refer to Lubricant
Specifications.
• Perform all regularly scheduled maintenance
items. Follow the recommended maintenance
schedule and owner maintenance checks found in
your vehicle Scheduled Maintenance Guide.
Conditions
• Heavily loading a vehicle or towing a trailer may
reduce fuel economy at any speed.
• Carrying unnecessary weight may reduce fuel
economy (approximately 2 km/h [1 mpg] is lost
for every 180 kg [400 lb] of weight carried).
• Adding certain accessories to your vehicle (for
example bug deflectors, rollover/light bars,
running boards, ski/luggage racks) may reduce
fuel economy.
• Using fuel blended with alcohol may lower fuel
economy.
• Fuel economy may decrease with lower
temperatures during the first 12–16 km
(8–10 miles) of driving.
• Driving on flat terrain offers improved fuel
economy as compared to driving on hilly terrain.
• Transmissions give their best fuel economy when
operated in the top cruise gear and with steady
pressure on the gas pedal.
• Close windows for high speed driving.
174
Maintenance and care
EPA window sticker
Every new vehicle should have the EPA window
sticker. Contact your dealer if the window sticker is
not supplied with your vehicle. The EPA window
sticker should be your guide for the fuel economy
comparisons with other vehicles.
It is important to note the box in the lower left
corner of the window sticker. These numbers
represent the Range of Km/L (MPG) expected on
the vehicle under optimum conditions. Your fuel
economy may vary depending upon the method of
operation and conditions.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission
control components and a catalytic converter which
will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the
catalytic converter and other emission control
components continue to work properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is
moving, especially at high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your Scheduled
Maintenance Guide performed according to the
specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the
Scheduled Maintenance Guide are essential to the
life and performance of your vehicle and to its
emissions system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized
parts are used for maintenance replacements or for
service of components affecting emission control,
such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and
durability.
175
Maintenance and care
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Illumination of the charging system warning light,
“Service Engine Soon” light or the temperature
warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission
control system is not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful
and potentially lethal fumes into the
passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your
vehicle or engine. By law, vehicle owners and anyone
who manufactures, repairs, services, sells, leases,
trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are
not permitted to intentionally remove an emission
control device or prevent it from working.
Information about your vehicle’s emission system is
on the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
located on or near the engine. This decal identifies
engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete
emission warranty information.
Readiness for Inspection/Maintenance (I/M)
testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to
pass an I/M test of the on-board diagnostics system.
If your “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light is
on, refer to the description in the Warning Lights
and Chimes section of the Instrumentation
chapter. Your vehicle may not pass the I/M test with
the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
176
Maintenance and care
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has
just been serviced, the on-board diagnostics system
is reset to a “not ready for I/M test” condition. To
ready the on-board diagnostics system for I/M
testing, a minimum of 30 minutes of city and
highway driving is necessary as described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an
expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go,
city-type traffic with at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours
without starting the engine. Then, start the engine
and complete the above driving cycle. The engine
must warm up to its normal operating temperature.
Once started, do not turn off the engine until the
above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps
frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be
replaced immediately. If a bulb is removed for an
extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
177
Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully
and keep out of children’s reach. Grasp the
bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the
glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb
to break the next time the headlamps are
operated.
If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be
cleaned with rubbing alcohol before being used.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position,
then open the hood. If you are replacing the driver
side headlamp, unclip the electronic module on the
right side of the battery and move it out of the way.
2. Locate the headlamp bulb through the hole in the
upper radiator support assembly.
3. Remove the bulb
retaining ring by
rotating it
counterclockwise
(when viewed from the
rear) about 1/8 turn to
free it from the bulb socket, and slide the ring off
the plastic base. Keep the ring to retain the new
bulb.
4. With out turning, remove the old bulb from the
lamp assembly by gently pulling it straight out of the
lamp assembly.
5. Release clip and
disconnect the
electrical connector
from the bulb.
178
Maintenance and care
To install the new bulb:
1. Install the electrical
connector into the rear
of the plastic base until
it snaps, locking it into
position.
2. With the flat side of the bulb’s plastic base facing
upward, insert the glass end of the bulb into the
lamp assembly. You may need to turn the bulb left or
right to align the grooves in the plastic base with the
tabs in the lamp assembly. When the grooves are
aligned, push the bulb into the lamp assembly until
the plastic base contacts the rear of the lamp
assembly.
3. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base
until it contacts the rear of the socket by rotating
clockwise until you feel a “stop”.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work
properly. If the headlamp was correctly aligned
before you changed the bulb, you should not need to
align it again.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
The following
procedure is for sedans
only. For wagon, refer
to a qualified
technician.
1. Open trunk.
2. Inside trunk, locate
access hole under the
rear window
3. Remove the bulb
socket by rotating it 45 degrees and pulling it out of
the lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull bulb straight out of socket and push
in new bulb.
179
Maintenance and care
5. To complete installation, follow the removal
procedure in reverse order.
License plate lamp bulbs
To change the license plate bulbs:
Sedan
1. Remove two screws
and the license plate
lamp assembly from
the rear bumper.
2. Remove bulb socket
by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the
bulb out from the
socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install the lamp assembly on rear bumper with
two screws.
Wagon
1. Remove screw and
the license plate lamp
assembly from liftgate.
2. Remove bulb socket
by turning
counterclockwise.
3. Carefully pull the
bulb out from the
socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install the lamp
assembly on liftgate with screw.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
180
Maintenance and care
Replacing tail lamp/backup bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
Replacing the interior bulbs
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs
frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
Using the right bulbs
Function
Trade Number
Front side marker lamp
194
Front park/turn lamp
3457 NA
Headlamp
9007
Tail lamp/brake lamp
3157
Rear turn lamp
3456K
Backup lamp
3156
License plate lamp
168
High-mount brake lamp
912
Rear side marker lamp
168
Cargo lamp (wagon)
211-2
Dome lamp
211-2
Dome/map lamp
578
Dome lamp/moon roof
208
Visor vanity lamp
74-194
(passenger/driver)
Floor console
194
Luggage compartment lamp
906
I/P ashtray lamp
194
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your
dealer.
181
Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
Your vehicle is equipped with a Vehicle Headlamp
Aim Device (VHAD) on each headlamp body. Each
headlamp may be properly aimed in the horizontal
direction (left/right) and the vertical position
(up/down) using your VHAD system. The headlamps
on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly
plant.
A bubble (vertical indicator) that is not centered
between the two black lines does not necessarily
indicate out-of-aim headlamps. If your vehicle is not
positioned on a level surface, the slope will be
included in the level indicator. Therefore, vertical
and horizontal headlamp adjustment should be
performed only when beam direction appears to be
incorrect.
You will need one 7 mm wrench or socket with
ratchet to make the adjustments.
If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s
front structure should be properly aligned before
aiming the headlamps.
Horizontal aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a
level surface.
2. With the hood open,
locate the horizontal
indicator and the
adjusting screw.
Remove the protective
cap to access the 7 mm
adjusting screw head.
182
Maintenance and care
3. Turn the horizontal
adjusting screw in the
direction of the arrow
to change the
horizontal aim as
shown.
4. Use a 7 mm wrench
or socket to turn the
horizontal adjusting screw until the “0” reference
mark on the view dial is aligned with the rearward
facing tab (as shown) on the plastic housing.
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. With the hood open,
locate the bubble level
the vertical aim
indicator. It is visible
when viewed from
above center rear of
the headlamp. Locate
the vertical adjusting
screw, located on the
outboard side of the headlamp adjacent to the
headlamp upper outboard attachment.
3. The “UP” and “DN” on the bubble label indicate
the directional change (up or down) of the vertical
aim.
4. Use a 7 mm wrench or socket to turn the vertical
adjusting screw clockwise or counterclockwise until
the bubble aligns with the “0” reference mark on the
vertical indicator when viewed directly from above.
Repeat the above procedures to the other headlamp,
if necessary.
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the Customer Assistance chapter for a list
of Ford-approved cleaners, polishes and waxes.
183
Maintenance and care
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle
regularly with cold or
lukewarm water. Never
use strong detergents or
soap. If your vehicle is
particularly dirty, use a
quality car wash
detergent. Always use a
clean sponge, washing glove or similar device and
plenty of water for best results. To avoid spots, avoid
washing when the hood is still warm, immediately
after or during exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to
wash the vehicle on a regular basis. Large quantities
of dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and also
cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas,
before entering a car wash. If you have wax applied
to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry
them.
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This
could be every three or four months, depending on
operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use
cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth to remove
any bugs before waxing vehicle. Use tar remover to
remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have
wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
184
Maintenance and care
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris
may be repaired with the Ultra Touch Prep and
Finishing Kit (#F7AZ-19K507–BA), touch-up paint
(#ALBZ-19500–XXXXA), or aerosol paint spray
(#ALAZ-19500–XXXXA) from the Ford Car Care
Chemicals line. Please note that the part numbers
(shown as XXXX above) will vary with your vehicle’s
specific coloring. Observe the application
instructions on the products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap,
insect remains, tar spots, road salt and industrial
fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your
vehicle. Do not use acid-based or alcohol-based
wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong detergents.
Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of
special wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove
grease and tar.
The brushes used in some automatic car washes may
damage the finish on your wheels. Before going to a
car wash, find out if the brushes are abrasive.
Cleaning the engine
In order to identify your vehicle’s engine, refer to
Identifying components in the engine
compartment in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
Engines are more efficient when they are clean
because grease and dirt buildup keep the engine
warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean
the engine. The high pressure fluid could
penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking
the engine block or other engine components.
185
Maintenance and care
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water
damage when cleaning the engine.
• 3.0L Vulcan engine
• 3.0L Duratec engine
186
Maintenance and care
V8
32
VALVE
• 3.4L SHO engine
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is
running; water in the running engine may cause
internal damage.
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a
tar remover if necessary. Do not clean plastic parts
with thinners, solvents or petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of
your vehicle. Use glass cleaner or tar remover if
necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry
paper towel, chemical solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the
wiper blade rubber element with undiluted
windshield washer solution or a mild detergent. To
avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel,
kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could
be caused by substances on the windshield such as
tree sap and some hot wax treatments used by
commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
187
Maintenance and care
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the
non-abrasive Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly
with clean water. Do not use abrasive cleansers on
glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield is
clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with
water. The windshield and wiper blades should be
cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of
the upper portion of the instrument panel. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from
undesirable windshield reflection.
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a
vacuum cleaner. Remove fresh spots immediately. Do
not use household or glass cleaners. These agents
can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap
and water solution if necessary.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
To clean, simply use a soft cloth dampened with
water and a mild soap. Wipe the leather again with a
damp cloth to remove soap residue. Dry with a soft
cloth. For tougher soiling concerns, Ford
recommends using the Deluxe Leather Care Kit
F8AZ-19G253–AA, which is available from your Ford
Dealer. This mild cleaner and special pad, cleans the
leather and maintains its natural beauty. Follow the
instructions on the cleaner label. Regular cleaning of
your leather upholstery helps maintain its resiliency
and color.
Do not use household cleaning products,
alcohol solutions, solvents or cleaners intended
for rubber, vinyl or plastics.
188
Maintenance and care
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution
recommended for cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do
not bleach or dye the belts, because these actions
may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make
sure there are no nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle
has been involved in an accident, refer to the Safety
belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
189
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
3.0L V6
Vulcan
engine
Air filter FA-1630
element
Fuel filter FG-800-A
Battery
BXT-58R
(standard)
Battery
BXT-36R
(optional)
Oil filter FL-400-S
PCV
EV-228
valve
Spark
AWSFplugs*
32PP**
3.0L
DOHC V6
Duratec
engine
FA-1630
3.4L-32V
V8 SHO
engine
FG-800-A
BXT-36R
FG-800-A
BXT-36R
N/A
N/A
FL-820-S
EV-152
FL-400-S
EV-234
AWSF-32F
AWSF-32FM
FA-1630
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information
(VECI) decal for spark plug gap information.
** If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must
be reinstalled in the same cylinder. If a spark plug
needs to be replaced, use only spark plugs with the
service part number suffix letter as shown on the
engine decal.
190
Capacities and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake
fluid
Engine
coolant1
Ford Part
Name
High Performance
DOT 3
Motor
Vehicle
Brake
Fluid
Premium
Engine
Coolant
Application Capacity
All
3.0L V6
Vulcan
engine
3.0L DOHC
V6 Duratec
and
3.4L-32V V8
SHO engine
Engine oil Motorcraft 3.0L V6
(includes 5W-30
Vulcan
filter
Super
engine
change)
Premium 3.0L DOHC
Motor Oil V6 Duratec
engine
3.4L-32V V8
SHO engine
Fuel tank N/A
All vehicles
capacity
Fill to line
on reservoir
11.0L
(11.6
quarts)
10.0L
(10.6
quarts)
4.25L
(4.5 quarts)
5.2L
(5.5 quarts)
6.1L
(6.5 quarts)
60.6L
(16.0
gallons)
191
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Power
steering
fluid
Ford Part
Name
Motorcraft
MERCONt
ATF
Application Capacity
3.0L V6
Vulcan
engine
3.0L DOHC
V6 Duratec
and
3.4L-32V V8
SHO engine
Automatic Motorcraft 3.0L V6
transaxle - MERVulcan
engine
CONtV
AX4N
ATF
3.0L DOHC
V6 Duratec
engine and
3.4L SHO
engine
Automatic Motorcraft 3.0L V6
transaxle - MERVulcan
engine
AX4S
CONtV
ATF
Windshield Ultra-Clear All
Windshield
washer
fluid Washer
ConFront
centrate
Windshield Ultra-Clear Wagon
washer
Windshield
fluid Washer
Rear
Concentrate
1
Keep in
FULL range
on dipstick
Fill to line
on reservoir
12.8L
(13.5
quarts)
12.7L
(13.4
quarts)
11.6L
(12.2
quarts)
2.7L
(90 oz.)
2.1L
(70 oz.)
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in
color). DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
192
Capacities and specifications
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Brake fluid High Performance
DOT 3
Motor
Vehicle
Brake Fluid
Door latch, Multihood latch, Purpose
auxiliary
Grease
hood latch,
seat tracks,
trunk and
liftgate
latches
Lock
Penetrating
cylinders
and Lock
Lubricant
Automatic Motorcraft
transaxle
MERCONtV
(AX4S and ATF
AX4N)
Engine oil Motorcraft
5W-30
Super
Premium
Motor Oil
Constant
CV Joint
velocity
Grease
joints
(High
Temp.)
Items
Ford Part
Number
C6AZ19542-AB
Ford
Specification
ESAM6C25-A
and DOT 3
DOAZ19584-AA
or F5AZ19G209-AA
ESAM1C93-B
or ESRM1C159-A
E8AE19A501-B
none
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XO5W30-QSP
E43Z19590-A
WSSM2C153-G
and API
Certification
Mark
ESPM1C207-A
193
Capacities and specifications
Items
Engine
coolant
Power
steering
fluid
Windshield
washer
fluid
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Ford
Premium
Engine
Coolant
Ford Part
Number
Ford
Specification
ESEM97B44-A
E2FZ19549-AA
(in Oregon,
F5FZ19549-CC,
in Canada,
Motorcraft
CXC-10)
XT-2-QDX MERCONt
Motorcraft
MERCONt
ATF
Ultra-Clear C9AZWindshield 19550-AC
Washer
Concentrate
ESRM17P5-A
ENGINE DATA
Engine
3.0L V6
Vulcan
engine
Cubic
182
inches
Horsepower 145 @
5250 rpm
Torque
170 lb.-ft.
@ 3250
rpm
Required
87 octane
fuel
Firing
1-4-2-5-3-6
order
194
3.0L
DOHC V6
Duratec
engine
181
3.4L-32V
V8 SHO
engine
200 @
5750 rpm
200 lb.-ft.
@ 4500
rpm
87 octane
235 @
6100 rpm
230 lb.-ft.
@ 4800
rpm
91 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1-5-4-26-3-7-8
207
Capacities and specifications
Engine
Spark plug
gap
Ignition
system
Compression ratio
3.0L V6
Vulcan
engine
3.0L
DOHC V6
Duratec
engine
1.07-1.17
1.3-1.4 mm
mm (0.042- (0.0520.046 inch) 00.056
inch)
EDIS
EDIS
3.4L-32V
V8 SHO
engine
9.3:1
10.0:1
10.0:1
1.07-1.17
mm (0.0420.046 inch)
EDIS
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall
length
(2) Overall
width
(3) Overall
height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track Front
(5) Track Rear
Sedan mm (in) Wagon mm (in)
5 016.5 (197.5)
5 069.8 (199.6)
1 854.2 (73.0)
1 854.2 (73.0)
1 399.5 (55.1)
1 463.0 (57.6)
2 755.9 (108.5)
1 564.6 (61.6)
2 755.9 (108.5)
1 564.6 (61.6)
1 559.6 (61.4)
1 569.7 (61.8)
195
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
196
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
4
1
197
Capacities and specifications
4
1
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Certification label
The National Highway
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
Traffic Safety
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
Administration
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
Regulations require
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
that a Certification
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
Label be affixed to a
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
vehicle and prescribe
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
where the Certification
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
Label may be located.
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
The Certification Label
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
is located on the front
door latch pillar on the driver’s side.
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
198
Capacities and specifications
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle
AIR
BAG
identification number
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
is attached to a metal
tag and is located on
the driver side
instrument panel.
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the
vehicle identification number) is stamped on the
engine block, transmission, frame and transfer case
(if equipped).
199
Customer assistance
GETTING ROADSIDE ASSISTANCE
To fully assist you should you have a vehicle
concern, Ford offers a complimentary roadside
assistance program. This program is separate from
the New Vehicle Limited Warranty. The service is
available:
• 24–hours, seven days a week
• for the Basic warranty period (Canada) or New
Vehicle Limited Warranty period (U.S.) of three
years or 60,000 km (36,000 miles), whichever
comes first on Ford and Mercury vehicles, and
four years or 80,000 km (50,000 miles) on Lincoln
vehicles
In the United States, you may purchase additional
roadside assistance coverage beyond this period
through the Ford Auto Club by contacting your Ford
or Lincoln-Mercury dealer.
Roadside assistance will cover:
• changing a flat tire
• jump-starts
• lock-out assistance
• fuel delivery
• towing to the nearest Ford of Canada or Ford
Motor Company dealership, or towing to your
selling dealership if within 56 km (35 miles). Even
non-warranty related tows, like accidents or
getting stuck in the mud or snow, are covered
(some exclusions apply, such as impound towing
or repossession).
Using roadside assistance
Complete the roadside assistance identification card
and place it in your wallet for quick reference. In the
United States, this card is found in the Owner Guide
portfolio in the glove compartment in Ford vehicles
and is mailed to you if you own a Mercury or
Lincoln. In Canada, it’s found in the Roadside
Assistance book in the glove compartment.
200
Customer assistance
To receive roadside assistance in the United States
for Ford or Mercury vehicles, call 1-800-241-3673 or
if you own a Lincoln vehicle, call 1–800–521–4140.
In Canada call 1–800–665–2006.
Should you need to arrange assistance for yourself,
Ford will reimburse a reasonable amount. To obtain
information about reimbursement, call
1-800-241-3673 in the United States for Ford or
Mercury vehicles; or if you own a Lincoln vehicle,
call 1–800–521–4140. Call 1–800–665–2006 in
Canada.
Ford extended service plan
You can get more protection for your new car or
light truck by purchasing Ford Extended Service
Plan (Ford ESP) coverage. Ford ESP is an optional
service contract which is backed by Ford Motor
Company or Ford Motor Service Company (in the
U.S.) and Ford of Canada (in Canada). It provides:
• Protection against repair costs after your New
Vehicle Limited Warranty period expires;
and
• Other benefits during the warranty period (such
as reimbursement for rentals and towing.)
You may purchase Ford ESP from any participating
Ford or Lincoln-Mercury or Ford of Canada dealer.
There are several plans available in various time,
distance and deductible combinations which can be
tailored to fit your own driving needs. Ford ESP also
offers reimbursement benefits for towing and rental
coverage. (In Hawaii, rules vary. See your dealer for
details.)
When you buy Ford ESP, you receive Peace-of-Mind
protection throughout the United States and Canada,
provided by a network of more than 5,200
participating Ford, Lincoln-Mercury and Ford of
Canada dealers.
If you did not take advantage of the Ford Extended
Service Plan at the time of purchasing your vehicle,
201
Customer assistance
you may still be eligible. Please contact your dealer
for further information. Since this information is
subject to change, please ask your dealer for
complete details about Ford Extended Service Plan
coverage options.
Also, please be aware that some dealers offer service
contracts that are not backed by Ford Motor
Company or Ford of Canada. On the surface, many
independent plans appear to be like Ford’s. The
problem is that they can often require the use of
non-factory approved parts and have much more
complex and restrictive claims coverage terms than
Ford.
At Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada, we are
dedicated to providing Ford, Lincoln and Mercury
vehicle owners with programs that will enhance your
ownership experience and protect you from
unexpected repair bills. Genuine Ford ESP is the
only Extended Service Plan that enables us to
provide that service.
Getting the service you need
At home
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada have
authorized dealerships to service your vehicle. When
you need warranty repairs your selling dealer would
like you to return to it for that service, but you may
also take your vehicle to another Ford Motor
Company dealership authorized for warranty repairs.
Certain warranty repairs require special training
though, so not all dealers are authorized to perform
all warranty repairs. That means that depending on
the warranty repair needed, the vehicle may need to
be taken to another dealer. If a particular dealership
can not assist you, then contact the Customer
Assistance Center.
If you are not satisfied with the service you receive
at the dealership, speak with the service manager. If
you are still not satisfied, speak with the owner or
202
Customer assistance
general manager of the dealership. In most cases,
your concern will be resolved at this level.
Ford Motor Company and Ford of Canada
dealerships also carry genuine Ford parts and
accessories, providing you with original equipment
reliability.
Away from home
If you are away from home when your vehicle needs
service, or if you need more help than the dealership
could provide, contact the Ford Customer Assistance
Center to find an authorized dealership to help you.
In the United States:
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
1-800-392-3673 (FORD)
(TDD for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952)
In Canada:
Customer Assistance Centre
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited
P.O. Box 2000
Oakville, Ontario L6J 5E4
1-800-565-3673 (FORD)
Please have the following information available when
contacting Ford Customer Assistance:
• Your telephone number (home and business)
• The name of the dealer and the city where the
dealership is located
• The year and make of your vehicle
• The date of vehicle purchase
• The current odometer reading
• The vehicle identification number (VIN)
If you still have a complaint involving a warranty
dispute, you may wish to contact the Dispute
203
Customer assistance
Settlement Board (U.S.) or the Mediation/Arbitration
Program (Canada).
In the United States, a warranty dispute must be
submitted to the Dispute Settlement Board before
taking action under the Magnuson-Moss Warranty
Act, or to the extent allowed by state law, before
pursuing replacement or repurchase remedies
provided by certain state laws. This dispute handling
procedure is not required prior to enforcing state
created rights or other rights which are independent
of the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act or state
replacement or repurchase laws.
THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT BOARD
The Dispute Settlement Board is:
• an independent, third-party arbitration program
for warranty disputes
• available free to owners and lessees of qualifying
Ford Motor Company vehicles
The Dispute Settlement Board may not be available
in all states. Ford Motor Company reserves the right
to change eligibility limitations, modify procedures
and/or to discontinue this service without notice and
without incurring obligations per applicable state
law.
What kinds of cases does the Board review?
Unresolved warranty repair concerns or vehicle
performance as designed concerns on Ford, Mercury
and Lincoln cars and Ford or Mercury light trucks
which are within the terms of any applicable written
new vehicle warranty are eligible for review, except
those involving:
• a non-Ford product
• a non-Ford dealership
204
Customer assistance
• sales disputes between customer and dealer
except those associated with warranty repairs or
concerns with the vehicle’s performance as
designed
• a request for reimbursement of consequential
expenses unless a service or product concern
being reviewed
• items not covered by the New Vehicle Limited
Warranty (including maintenance and wear items)
• alleged personal injury/property damage claims
• cases currently in litigation
• vehicles not used primarily for family, personal or
household purposes (except in states where the
Dispute Settlement Board is required to review
commercial vehicles)
• vehicles with non-U.S. warranties
Concerns are ineligible for review if the New Vehicle
Limited Warranty has expired at receipt of your
application and, in certain states of eligibility is
dependent upon the customer’s possession of the
vehicle.
Eligibility may differ according to state law. For
example, see the unique brochures for California,
West Virginia, Georgia and Wisconsin
purchasers/lessees.
Board membership
The Board consists of:
• three consumer representatives
• a Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealership
representative
Consumer candidates for Board membership are
recruited and trained by an independent consulting
firm. The dealership Board member is chosen from
Ford and Lincoln-Mercury dealership management,
recognized for their business leadership qualities.
205
Customer assistance
What the Board needs
To have your case reviewed you must complete the
application in the DSB brochure and mail it to the
address provided on the application form.
Your application is reviewed and, if it is determined
to be eligible, you will receive an acknowledgment
indicating:
• the file number assigned to your application
• the toll-free phone number of the DSB’s
independent administrator
Your dealership and a Ford Motor Company
representative are asked to submit statements at
this time.
To properly review your case, the Board needs the
following information:
• legible copies of all documents and maintenance
or repair orders relevant to the case
• the year, make, model, and Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) listed on your vehicle ownership
license
• the date of repair(s) and mileage at the time of
occurrence(s)
• the current mileage
• the name of the dealer who sold or serviced the
vehicle
• a brief description of your unresolved concern
• a brief summary of the action taken by the
dealer(s) and Ford Motor Company
• the names (if known) of all the people you
contacted at the dealership(s)
• a description of the action you expect to resolve
your concern
You will receive a letter of explanation if your
application does not qualify for Board review.
206
Customer assistance
Oral presentations
If you would like to make an oral presentation,
indicate YES to question #6 on the application.
While it is your right to make an oral presentation
before the Board, this is not a requirement and the
Board will decide the case whether or not an oral
presentation is made. Oral presentation may be
requested by the Board as well.
Making a decision
Board members review all available information
related to each complaint, including oral
presentations, and arrive at a fair and impartial
decision.
Every effort is made to decide the case within 40
days of the date that all requested information is
received by the Board. Since the Board generally
meets once a month, it may take more than a month
before the Board can consider some cases.
After a case is reviewed, the Board mails you a
decision letter and a form on which to accept or
reject the Board’s decision. The decisions of the
Board are binding on Ford (and, in some cases, on
the dealer) but not on consumers who are free to
pursue other remedies available to them under state
or federal law.
To Request a DSB Brochure/Application
For a brochure/application, speak to your dealer or
write/call to the Board at the following
address/phone number:
Dispute Settlement Board
P.O. Box 5120
Southfield, MI 48086–5120
1–800–428–3718
You may also contact the North American Customer
Assistance Center at 1-800-392-3673 (Ford), TDD
for the hearing impaired: 1-800-232-5952 or by
writing to the Center at the following address:
207
Customer assistance
Ford Motor Company
Customer Assistance Center
16800 Executive Plaza Drive
P.O. Box 6248
Dearborn, Michigan 48121
GETTING ASSISTANCE OUTSIDE THE U.S. AND
CANADA
Before exporting your vehicle to a foreign country,
contact the appropriate foreign embassy or
consulate. These officials can inform you of local
vehicle registration regulations and where to find
unleaded fuel.
If you cannot find unleaded fuel or can only get fuel
with an anti-knock index lower than is
recommended for your vehicle, contact a district or
owner relations/customer assistance office.
The use of leaded fuel in your vehicle without
proper conversion may damage the effectiveness of
your emission control system and may cause engine
knocking or serious engine damage. Ford Motor
Company/Ford of Canada is not responsible for any
damage caused by use of improper fuel.
In the United States, using leaded fuel may also
result in difficulty importing your vehicle back into
the U.S.
If your vehicle must be serviced while you are
traveling or living in Central or South America, the
Caribbean, or the Middle East, contact the nearest
Ford dealership. If the dealership cannot help you,
write or call:
FORD MOTOR COMPANY
WORLDWIDE DIRECT MARKET OPERATIONS
1555 Fairlane Drive
Fairlane Business Park #3
Allen Park, Michigan 48101
U.S.A.
Telephone: (313) 594-4857
FAX: (313) 390-0804
208
Customer assistance
If you are in another foreign country, contact the
nearest Ford dealership. If the dealership employees
cannot help you, they can direct you to the nearest
Ford affiliate office.
If you buy your vehicle in North America and then
relocate outside of the U.S. or Canada, register your
vehicle identification number (VIN) and new address
with Ford Motor Company Worldwide Direct Market
Operations.
FORD ACCESSORIES FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Ford has many quality products available from your
dealer to clean your vehicle and protect its finishes.
For best results, use the following or products of
equivalent quality:
Ford Custom Clearcoat Polish*
Ford Custom Silicone Gloss Polish
Ford Custom Vinyl Protectant*
Ford Deluxe Leather and Vinyl Cleaner
Ford Extra Strength Tar and Road Oil Remover*
Ford Extra Strength Upholstery Cleaner
Ford Metal Surface Cleaner
Ford Multi-Purpose Cleaner*
Motorcraft Car Wash Concentrate
Motorcraft Carlite Glass Cleaner
Ford Spot and Stain Remover*
Ford Super Premium Tire and Trim Dressing
Ford Triple Clean
Ford Ultra-Clear Spray Glass Cleaner
* May be sold with the Motorcraft name
A wide selection of accessories is available through
your local authorized Ford, Lincoln-Mercury or Ford
of Canada dealer. These quality accessories have
been specifically engineered to fulfill your
automotive needs; they are custom designed to
209
Customer assistance
complement the style and aerodynamic appearance
of your vehicle. In addition, each accessory is made
from high quality materials and meets or exceeds
Ford’s rigid engineering and safety specifications.
Ford accessories are warranted for up to 12 months
or 20,000 km (12,000 miles) on all cars and light
trucks and 12 months with unlimited distance on
medium/heavy duty trucks unless the accessory is
installed on a new vehicle, then the warranty
becomes the balance of the new vehicle’s warranty
or the accessories warranty, whichever is greater.
See your dealer for complete warranty information
and availability.
Not all accessories are available for all models.
Vehicle Security
Remote keyless entry
Styled wheel protector locks
Vehicle security systems
Comfort and convenience
Air conditioner
Air filtration systems
Cargo nets
Cargo organizers
Cargo shades
Cargo trays
Dash trim
Engine block heaters
Gear shift knob
Luggage presenter (Continental only)
Manual sliding rear window
Tire step
210
Customer assistance
Travel equipment
Console
Console armrest
Daytime running lights
Factory luggage rack
Factory luggage rack adaptors
Fog lights
Framed luggage covers
Heavy-duty battery
Neutral towing transfer case kit (Explorer 4.0L only)
Off road lights
Pickup box rails
Removable luggage rack
Removable luggage rack adapters
Retractable bed hooks and loops
Running boards
Snow traction cables
Soft luggage cover
Speed control
Towing mirrors
Trailer hitch
Trailer hitch bars and balls
Trailer hitch wiring adaptor
Protection and appearance equipment
Air bag anti-theft locks
Bed mat/bedliner tailgate covers
Bed mats
Bedliners
Car/truck covers
Cargo liners, interior
211
Customer assistance
Carpet floor mats
Cleaners, waxes and polishes
Flat splash guards
Front end covers (full and mini)
Hood deflectors
Locking gas cap
Lubricants and oils
Molded splash guards
Molded vinyl floor mats
Rallye bars
Rear air deflectors
Rear decklid spoilers
Side window air deflectors
Spare tire lock
Step bumpers
Step/sill plates
Tailgate covers
Tailgate lock
Tailgate protector
Tonneau covers
Touch-up paint
Universal floor mats
For maximum vehicle performance, keep the
following information in mind when adding
accessories or equipment to your vehicle:
• When adding accessories, equipment, passengers
and luggage to your vehicle, do not exceed the
total weight capacity of the vehicle or of the front
or rear axle (GVWR or GAWR as indicated on the
Safety compliance certification label). Consult
your dealer for specific weight information.
212
Customer assistance
• The Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
and Canadian Radio Telecommunications
Commission (CRTC) regulate the use of mobile
communications systems - such as two-way
radios, telephones and theft alarms - that are
equipped with radio transmitters. Any such
equipment installed in your vehicle should comply
with FCC or CRTC regulations and should be
installed only by a qualified service technician.
• Mobile communications systems may harm the
operation of your vehicle, particularly if they are
not properly designed for automotive use or are
not properly installed. When operated, such
systems may cause the engine to stumble or stall.
In addition, such systems may be damaged or
their performance may be affected by operating
your vehicle. (Citizens band [CB] transceivers,
garage door openers and other transmitters with
outputs of five watts or less will not ordinarily
affect your vehicle’s operation.)
• Ford cannot assume responsibility for any adverse
effects or damage that may result from the use of
such equipment.
213
Customer assistance
ORDERING ADDITIONAL OWNER’S
LITERATURE
To order the publications in this portfolio in the
United States:
Make checks payable to:
HELM, INCORPORATED
P.O. Box 07150
Detroit, Michigan 48207
For a free publication catalog, order toll free:
1-800-782-4356
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holders only
To order the publications in this portfolio in Canada:
Make cheques payable to:
Ford Motor Company of Canada, Ltd.
Service Publications
P.O. Box 1580, Station B
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L4Y 4G3
or order toll free: 1-800-387-4966
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. EST,
for credit card holder orders only
214
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your
vehicle has a defect
that could cause a
crash, or could cause
injury or death, you
should immediately
inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor
Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect
exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems between
you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1–800–424–9393
(202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or
write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
215
Index
Accessory delay ........ 54
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ... 88,89
and child
safety seats ............. 90
description .............. 89
disposal .................... 93
driver air bag .......... 91
indicator light .... 11,93
operation ................. 91
passenger air bag ... 91
Air cleaner filter ..... 190
Air conditioning ........ 18
automatic temperature
control system ........ 22
Anti-theft
system ......... 64,70,71,72
arming the system .. 64
disarming a
triggered system ..... 66
warning light ............. 9
Automatic
transaxle .................. 111
driving with ........... 113
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
fluid,
specification .......... 194
Battery ..................... 157
acid, treating
emergencies .......... 157
charging system
warning light ........... 10
jumping a disabled
battery ................... 135
maintenance-free .. 157
replacement,
specifications ........ 190
servicing ................ 157
Brakes ...................... 107
anti-lock .......... 107,108
216
anti-lock brake
system (ABS)
warning light ...... 9,108
brake
warning light ........... 10
fluid, checking and
adding .................... 148
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
fluid,
specifications .. 193,194
lubricant
specifications .. 193,194
parking .................. 109
shift interlock ........ 111
Break-in period ........... 2
Capacities for
refilling fluids .......... 191
Cargo area shade ...... 59
Cargo cover ............... 59
Cargo net ................... 58
CD changer ............... 41
Cellular telephone
(see your Cellular
Phone Guide) ............ 56
Child safety
restraints ................... 94
child safety belts .... 94
child safety
seats .................... 95,96
Child safety seats .. 95,96
attaching with
tether straps ......... 100
built-in child seat ... 95
in front seat ............ 97
in rear seat ......... 97,99
tether anchorage
hardware ............... 100
Cleaning
your vehicle ............. 183
engine
compartment ......... 185
Index
exterior .................. 185
exterior lamps ....... 187
instrument panel .. 188
interior ................... 188
plastic parts .......... 187
safety belts ............ 189
washing .................. 184
waxing ................... 184
wheels .................... 185
wiper blades .......... 187
Clock ..................... 33,41
Console ...................... 56
Controls
power seat ............... 75
Coolant ...... 150,152,153
checking
and adding ............ 151
refill
capacities ........ 153,191
specifications .. 193,194
Customer
Assistance ................ 200
Ford accessories for
your vehicle .......... 209
Ford Extended
Service Plan .......... 201
Getting assistance
outside the U.S.
and Canada ........... 208
Getting roadside
assistance .............. 200
Getting the service
you need ............... 202
Ordering additional
owner’s literature ... 214
The Dispute
Settlement Board ... 204
Defrost
rear window ............ 18
Dipstick
engine oil ............... 145
Doors
central unlocking .... 54
door ajar warning ..... 7
Driving under special
conditions
through water ....... 118
Emergencies, roadside
jump-starting ........ 135
Emission
control system ......... 175
Engine ............... 194,195
check engine/service
engine soon light ...... 7
coolant ................... 150
idle speed control .. 157
lubrication
specifications .. 193,194
refill capacities ...... 191
service
points ....... 143,144,145
starting after a
collision ................. 124
Engine
block heater ............ 105
Engine oil ................ 145
checking and
adding ............. 145,147
dipstick .................. 145
filter,
specifications .. 147,190
recommendations ... 147
refill
capacities ........ 145,191
specifications ........ 145
147,193,194
Exhaust fumes ........ 105
Floor mats ................. 56
Fluid capacities ....... 191
Fuel .......................... 165
calculating fuel
economy ................ 171
cap ......................... 167
217
Index
capacity ................. 191
choosing
the right fuel ......... 168
comparisons with
EPA fuel economy
estimates ............... 175
detergent in fuel ... 170
filling your vehicle
with fuel .. 165,167,171
filter,
specifications .. 170,190
fuel pump shut-off
switch .................... 124
gauge ....................... 15
improving fuel
economy ................ 171
low fuel
warning light ............. 8
octane
rating ....... 169,194,195
quality .................... 170
running
out of fuel ............. 170
safety information
relating to
automotive fuels ... 165
Fuses ................. 125,126
Gas cap
(see Fuel cap) ......... 167
Gas mileage (see
Fuel economy) ........ 171
Gauges ....................... 12
engine coolant
temperature gauge ... 13
fuel gauge ................ 15
odometer ................. 14
speedometer ........... 12
tachometer .............. 13
trip odometer .......... 14
GAWR (Gross Axle
Weight Rating) ........ 116
definition ............... 116
218
driving with a heavy
load ........................ 116
location .................. 116
GVWR (Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating) ........ 116
calculating ............. 116
definition ............... 116
driving with
a heavy load .......... 116
location .................. 116
Hazard flashers ....... 124
Head restraints ......... 74
Headlamps ................. 16
aiming ............. 182,183
autolamp system ..... 17
bulb
specifications ........ 181
daytime
running lights .......... 16
flash to pass ............ 17
high beam ............ 6,16
turning on and off .. 16
warning chime ........ 11
Heating ...................... 18
heating and air
conditioning
system ..................... 18
Hood ........................ 142
Ignition .............. 194,195
positions of the
ignition .................... 45
Infant seats (see
Safety seats) ........ 95,96
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ............ 176
Instrument panel ........ 6
cleaning ................. 188
lighting up panel
and interior ............. 17
location of
components ............... 6
Index
Jump-starting
your vehicle ............. 135
Keyless entry
system ........................ 66
autolock ................... 69
keypad ..................... 66
locking and
unlocking doors ...... 68
programming
entry code ............... 67
Keys
key in ignition
chime ....................... 11
positions of the
ignition .................... 45
Lamps
autolamp system ..... 17
cargo lamps ............. 17
daytime running
light .......................... 16
headlamps ........ 16,178
headlamps,
flash to pass ............ 17
instrument panel,
dimming ................... 17
interior lamps .. 51,181
replacing bulbs ..... 177
178,179,180,181
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ...... 49
Liftgate ...................... 61
remote release ........ 57
Lights, warning and
indicator ...................... 6
air bag ...................... 11
anti-lock
brakes (ABS) ..... 9,108
anti-theft ................... 9
brake ........................ 10
charging system ...... 10
cruise indicator ....... 10
door ajar .................... 7
high beam ................. 6
low coolant ................ 9
low fuel ...................... 8
oil pressure ............. 10
safety belt ................. 7
service engine soon .. 7
speed control .......... 49
turn signal
indicator .................... 6
Load limits ............... 116
GAWR .................... 116
GVWR .................... 116
trailer towing ........ 116
Locks
childproof ................ 55
Lubricant
specifications .... 193,194
Lumbar support,
seats ........................... 76
Mirrors ....................... 52
heated ...................... 55
side view mirrors
(power) ................... 54
Moon roof .................. 52
Motorcraft
parts .................. 170,190
Octane rating .......... 169
Odometer ................... 14
Overdrive ................. 112
Panic alarm feature,
remote entry
system ........................ 62
Parking brake .......... 109
Parts (see
Motorcraft parts) .... 190
Power distribution
box (see Fuses) ...... 129
Power door locks ...... 54
Power steering ........ 110
fluid, checking
and adding ............ 153
219
Index
fluid,
refill capacity ........ 191
fluid,
specifications .. 193,194
Radio .......................... 29
Relays ............... 125,132
Remote entry
system ................... 60,62
illuminated entry .... 62
locking/unlocking
doors ........................ 61
opening the trunk ... 61
panic alarm ............. 62
replacement/additional
transmitters ............. 63
replacing
the batteries ............ 63
Roadside
emergencies ......... 70,72
Roof rack ................. 123
Safety belts (see
Safety restraints) ...... 11
78,79,80,81,82,83
Safety Compliance
Certification Label .. 198
Safety defects,
reporting .................. 215
Safety restraints ........ 78
79,80,81,82,83,85
cleaning the safety
belts .................. 88,189
extension
assembly .................. 86
for adults .. 79,80,81,82
for children ........ 93,94
lap belt ............... 83,84
warning light
and chime ........ 7,11,87
Safety seats
for children ........... 95,96
Seat belts (see
Safety restraints) ...... 78
220
Seats .......................... 74
child safety
seats .................... 95,96
cleaning ................. 188
Servicing your
vehicle ...................... 141
Spark plugs,
specifications ........... 190
194,195
Special notice .............. 3
Specification chart,
lubricants .......... 193,194
Speed control ............ 45
Speedometer ............. 12
Starting your
vehicle ........ 102,103,104
jump starting ........ 135
preparing to start
your vehicle ....... 70,72
Steering wheel
tilting ....................... 51
Tachometer ............... 13
Tilt steering wheel .... 51
Tires .... 132,160,161,162
changing ................ 132
checking the
pressure ................. 162
replacing ................ 163
rotating .................. 162
snow tires
and chains ............. 164
tire grades ............. 161
treadwear .............. 161
Towing ..................... 119
trailer towing ........ 119
wrecker .................. 140
Transaxle
automatic
operation ............... 111
fluid,
refill capacities ...... 191
Index
lubricant
specifications ........ 194
Transmission
fluid, checking
and adding
(automatic) ........... 155
Trip odometer ........... 14
Trunk ......................... 61
remote release ........ 57
Turn signal ............. 6,49
Vehicle dimensions . 195
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ......... 199
Vehicle loading ........ 116
Ventilating
your vehicle ............. 106
Warning chimes ......... 11
Warning lights
(see Lights) ................. 6
Washer fluid ............ 149
Water,
Driving through ....... 118
Windows
power ....................... 53
rear wiper/washer ... 50
Windshield washer
fluid and wipers
checking
and cleaning .......... 159
operation ................. 49
replacing
wiper blades .......... 160
Wrecker towing ....... 140
221
222
Filling station information
Item
Required fuel-3.0L V6
engines
Required fuel-3.4L SHO
V8 engine
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil capacity
(including filter
change)-3.0L V6 Vulcan
engine
Engine oil capacity
(including filter
change)-3.0L DOHC V6
Duratec engine
Engine oil capacity
(including filter
change)-3.4L V8 SHO
engine
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Information
Unleaded fuel only 87 octane
Unleaded fuel only 91 octane
60.6L (16 gallons)
4.25L (4.5 quarts). Use
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
5.2L (5.5 quarts). Use
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
6.1L (6.5 quarts). Use
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Refer to Certification
Label. Inflate temporary
spare to 414 kPa (414
kPa (60 psi)).
Pull handle under the
left side of the
instrument panel.
11.0L (11.6 quarts)
Coolant capacity (3.0L
V6 Vulcan engine)1
10.0L (10.6 quarts)
Coolant capacity (3.0L
DOHC V6 Duratec
engine and 3.4L V8 SHO
engine)1
223
Filling station information
Item
Power steering fluid
capacity-3.0L V6 Vulcan
engine
Power steering fluid
capacity-3.0L DOHC V6
Duratec engine and 3.4L
V8 SHO engine
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4N)-3.0L
V6 Vulcan engine2
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4N)-3.0L
DOHC V6 Duratec
engine and 3.4L V8 SHO
engine2
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4S)-3.0L V6
Vulcan engine2
1
Information
Keep in FULL range on
dipstick.
Fill to line on reservoir.
12.8L (13.5 quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
12.7L (13.4 quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
11.6L (12.2. quarts). Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
Use Ford Premium Engine Coolant (green in
color). DO NOT USE Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant (orange in color). Refer to Adding engine
coolant, in the Maintenance and Care chapter.
2
Ensure the correct automatic transmission fluid is
used. Transmission fluid requirements are indicated
on the dipstick or on the dipstick handle. MERCONt
and MERCONt V are not interchangeable. DO NOT
mix MERCONt and MERCONt V. Refer to your
Scheduled Maintenance Guide to determine the
correct service interval.
224
Download PDF

advertising