Use & care guide | Ford 2007 Escape Automobile User Manual

®
Ultra Low Nox
Gas Water Heater
with the Flame Lock™
Safety System
Installation
Instructions and
Use & Care Guide
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your
building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow
the gas supplier’s instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas
supplier, call the fire department.
Installation and service must be performed
by a qualified installer, service agency or
the gas supplier.
INSTALLER:
• AFFIX THESE INSTRUCTIONS TO OR ADJACENT
TO THE WATER HEATER.
OWNER:
• RETAIN THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND WARRANTY
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. RETAIN THE ORIGINAL
RECEIPT AS PROOF OF PURCHASE.
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or after
the installation of this water heater, visit our website at:
http://www.whirlpoolwaterheatersupport.com
or call toll free
1-877-817-6750
When calling for assistance, please have the following
information ready:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Model number
7 digit product number
Serial number
Date of installation
Place of purchase
Table of Contents ......................................................
2
315422-000
W10123251
December 2008 1
WATER HEATER SAFETY
Your safety and the safety of others are very important.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all
safety messages.
This is the safety alert symbol.
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and either the word “DANGER” or
“WARNING.” These words mean:
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t
immediately follow instructions.
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don’t
follow instructions.
All safety messages will tell you what the potential hazard is, tell you how to reduce the chance of injury, and tell you
what can happen if the instructions are not followed.
•
•
Important Instructions
Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water. Immediately call a qualified service technician. Water
heaters subjected to flood conditions or any time the gas controls, main burner or pilot have been submerged in
water require replacement of the entire water heater.
Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and can ignite when exposed to a spark or flame. To
prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet be opened for several
minutes at the kitchen sink before using any electrical appliance which is connected to the hot water system. If
hydrogen is present, there will probably be an unusual sound such as air escaping through the faucet as water
begins to flow. Do not smoke or have any open flame near the faucet at the time it is open.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires
businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances included in the Act.
Table Of Contents
PAGE
Water Heater Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Installing Your Gas Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Unpacking the Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Location Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Gas Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Water System Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
Installation Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Operating Your Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-20
Lighting Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-18
Operational Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Maintenance of Your Water Heater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21-25
Troubleshooting Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-27
Repair Parts Illustration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28-29
2
INSTALLING YOUR GAS WATER HEATER
Important Information About
This Water Heater
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary
safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable
vapor ignition incident. New technology used in meeting
these standards makes this product more sensitive to
installation errors or improper installation environments.
Please review the Installation Checklist found at the end of
the installation instructions section and make any required
installation upgrades or changes.
installed in accordance with Massachusetts Plumbing and
Fuel Gas Code 248 CMR Section 2.00 and 5.00.
A data plate identifying your water heater can be found next
to the gas control valve/thermostat. When referring to your
water heater, always have the information listed on the data
plate readily available.
Retain your original receipt as proof of purchase.
Unpacking the Water Heater
WARNING
Excessive Weight Hazard
Consumer Information
Use two or more people to move and install
water heater.
This water heater is design-certified by CSA International
as a Category I, non-direct vented water heater which takes
its combustion air either from the installation area or from
air ducted to the unit from the outside.
This water heater must be installed according to all local
and state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes,
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)latest edition. This is available from the following:
CSA America, Inc.
8501 East Pleasant Valley Road
Cleveland, OH 44131
Failure to do so can result in back or
other injury.
Removing Packaging Materials
IMPORTANT: Do not remove any permanent instructions,
labels, or the data label from either the outside of the water
heater or on the inside of water heater panels.
•
National Fire Protection Association
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
•
Check your phone listings for the local authorities having
jurisdiction over your installation.
•
•
Remove exterior packaging and place installation
components aside.
Inspect all parts for damage prior to installation and
start-up.
Completely read all instructions before attempting to
assemble and install this product.
After installation, dispose of/recycle all packaging
materials.
Consumer Responsibilities
This manual has been prepared to acquaint you with the
installation, operation, and maintenance of your gas water
heater and provide important safety information in these
areas.
Read all of the instructions thoroughly before attempting
the installation or operation of this water heater.
Do not discard this manual. You or future users of this
water heater will need it for future reference.
Service to the Flame Lock™Safety System should only be
performed by a qualified person.
Examples of a qualified person include: licensed plumbers,
authorized gas company personnel, and authorized
service personnel.
IMPORTANT: The manufacturer and seller of this water
heater will not be liable for any damages, injuries, or
deaths caused by failure to comply with the installation and
operating instructions outlined in this manual.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly install
this water heater, or you have difficulty following the
instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified
person perform the installation of this water heater.
Massachusetts code requires this water heater to be
3
WARNING
Location Requirements
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Hazard
Do not install in a mobile home.
Doing so can result in death or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
FLAMMABLES
Flammable Vapors
FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD
Can result in serious injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
Storage of or use of gasoline or other
flammable vapors or liquids in the vicinity
of this or any other appliance can result in
serious injury or death.
Read and follow water heater warnings and
instructions.
The Flame Lock™Safety System is designed to reduce the
risk of flammable vapor-related fires. The patented system
protects your family by trapping the burning vapors within
the water heater combustion chamber through the special
flame-trap. The burning vapors literally “burn themselves
out” without escaping back into the room. In the event
of a flammable vapor incident, the Flame Lock™Safety
System disables the water heater by shutting off the gas
supply to the water heater’s burner and pilot, preventing
re-ignition of any remaining flammable vapors in the area.
This will not prevent a possible fire/explosion if the igniter
is depressed and flammable vapors have accumulated
in the combustion chamber with the pilot light off. If you
suspect a flammable vapor incident has occurred, do not
use this appliance. Do not attempt to light this appliance,
or depress the igniter button if you suspect flammable
vapors have accumulated inside or outside the appliance.
Immediately call a qualified person to inspect the
appliance. Water heaters subjected to a flammable vapors
incident will show a discoloration on the flame-trap and
require replacement of the entire water heater.
Do not use or store flammable products such as gasoline,
solvents, or adhesives in the same room or area near the
water heater. If such flammables must be used, all gas
burning appliances in the vicinity must be shut off and their
pilot lights extinguished. Open the doors and windows for
ventilation while flammable substances are in use.
If flammable liquids or vapors have spilled or leaked in
the area of the water heater, leave the area immediately
and call the fire department from a neighbor’s home. Do
not attempt to clean the spill until all ignition sources have
been extinguished.
Keep combustibles such as boxes, magazines, clothes,
etc. away from the water heater area.
Site Location
•
4
Select a location near the center of the water piping
system. The water heater must be installed indoors and
in a vertical position on a level surface. Do not install in
bathrooms, bedrooms, or any occupied room normally
kept closed.
• Locate the water heater as close to the chimney or gas
vent as practical. Consider the vent system piping and
combustion air supply requirements when selecting the
water heater location. The venting system must be able
to run from the water heater to termination with minimal
length and elbows.
• Locate the water heater near the existing gas piping.
If installing a new gas line, locate the water heater to
minimize the pipe length and elbows.
NOTE: This water heater must be installed according to all
local and state codes or, in the absence of local and state
codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-latest edition.
IMPORTANT: The water heater should be located in
an area where leakage of the tank or connections
will not result in damage to the area adjacent to the
water heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due
to the normal corrosive action of the water, the tank
will eventually leak after an extended period of time.
Also any external plumbing leak, including those from
improper installation, may cause early failure of the tank
due to corrosion if not repaired. If the owner/operator is
uncomfortable with making the repair a qualified person
should be contacted. A suitable metal drain pan should
be installed under the water heater as shown below,
to help protect the property from damage which may
occur from condensate formation or leaks in the piping
connections or tank. The pan must limit the water level
to a maximum depth of 1-3/4” and be two inches wider
than the heater and piped to an adequate drain. NOTE:
The pan must not restrict combustion air flow. Locate the
water heater near a suitable indoor drain. Outside drains
are subject to freezing temperatures which can obstruct
the drain line. The piping should be at least 3/4” ID and
pitched for proper drainage. Under no circumstance will
the manufacturer or seller of this water heater be held
liable for any water damage which is caused by your
failure to follow these instructions.
Pipe to
adequate
drain
At least 2” greater than the
diameter of the water heater.
•
•
Exhaust
Fan
Reverse flow
of gases
Clearances and Accessibility
NOTE: Minimum clearances from combustible materials
are stated on the data plate adjacent to the gas control
valve/thermostat of the water heater.
The water heater is certified for installation on a
combustible floor.
•
•
1 3/4” maximum
•
Figure 1
Air-moving
Devices
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters located
in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics, basements,
etc.) may require insulation of the water piping and
drain piping to protect against freezing. The drain and
controls must be easily accessible for operation and
service. Maintain proper clearances as specified on the
data plate.
Do not locate the water heater near an air-moving
device. The operation of air-moving devices such as
exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers,
fireplaces, etc., can affect the proper operation of
the water heater. Special attention must be given to
conditions these devices may create. Flow reversal of
flue gases may cause an increase of carbon monoxide
inside of the dwelling.
If the water heater is located in an area that is
subjected to lint, dirt, and oil, it may be necessary
to periodically clean the flame-trap and pilot (see
“External Inspection & Cleaning of the Flame-trap” and
“Cleaning the Pilot Assembly” section).
IMPORTANT: If installing over carpeting, the carpeting
must be protected by a metal or wood panel beneath
the water heater. The protective panel must extend
beyond the full width and depth of the water heater by
at least three inches (76.2mm) in any direction; or if in
an alcove or closet installation, the entire floor must be
covered by the panel.
Figure 2 may be used as a reference guide to locate
the specific clearance locations. A minimum of 24
inches of front clearance should be provided for
inspection and service.
Figure 2
Minimum Clearance
Locations
Back
Vent
Top
to
ceiling
Sides
Front
24” minimum
for service
Sides
Top
View
State of California
NOTE: The water heater must be braced, anchored, or
strapped to avoid moving during an earthquake. Contact
local utilities for code requirements in your area or call
1-877-817-6750 and request instructions.
5
Gas Supply
WARNING
3. Install a ground joint union between the gas control
valve/thermostat and the manual shut-off valve. This
is to allow easy removal of the gas control valve/
thermostat.
4. Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test all
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak-detection solution. Bubbles will show a leak.
Correct any leak found.
Figure 3
Gas Piping
Explosion Hazard
Manual Gas
Shut-off Valve
Use a new CSA approved gas supply line.
Ground
Joint
Union
Install a shut-off valve.
Check with
local utility
for minimum height
Do not connect a natural gas water heater to
an L.P. gas supply.
3” minimum
Do not connect an L.P. gas water heater to a
natural gas supply.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
Gas Requirements
IMPORTANT: Read the data plate to be sure the water
heater is made for the type of gas you will be using in
your home. This information will be found on the data
plate located near the gas control valve/thermostat. If the
information does not agree with the type of gas available,
do not install or light. Call your dealer.
NOTE: An odorant is added by the gas supplier to the gas
used by this water heater. This odorant may fade over an
extended period of time. Do not depend upon this odorant
as an indication of leaking gas.
Gas Piping
The gas piping must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest
edition.
Table 1 on the following page is provided as a sizing
reference for commonly used gas pipe materials. Consult
the “National Fuel Gas Code” for the recommended gas
pipe size of other materials.
Refer to Figure 3
NOTE: When installing gas piping, apply approved pipe
joint compound.
1. Install a readily accessible manual shut-off valve in the
gas supply line as recommended by the local utility.
Know the location of this valve and how to turn off the
gas to this unit.
2. Install a drip leg (if not already incorporated as part of
the water heater) as shown. The drip leg must be no
less than three inches long for the accumulation of dirt,
foreign material, and water droplets.
6
Drip leg
Gas Pressure
IMPORTANT: The gas supply pressure must not exceed
the maximum supply pressure as stated on the water
heater’s data plate. The minimum supply pressure is for
the purpose of input adjustment.
Gas Pressure Testing
IMPORTANT: This water heater and its gas connection
must be leak tested before placing the appliance in
operation.
•
If the code requires the gas lines to be tested at a
pressure exceeding 14” W.C., the water heater and its
manual shut-off valve must be disconnected from the
gas supply piping system and the line capped.
• If the gas lines are to be tested at a pressure less than
14” W.C., the water heater must be isolated from the
gas supply piping system by closing its manual shut-off
valve.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO)
detectors are recommended in all applications and should
be installed using the manufacturer’s instructions and local
codes, rules, or regulations.
NOTE: Air may be present in the gas lines and could
prevent the pilot from lighting on initial start-up. The gas
lines should be purged of air by a qualified person after
installation of the gas piping system.
Table 1
Natural Gas Pipe Capacity Table (Cu. Ft./Hr.)
Capacity of gas pipe of different diameters and lengths in cu. ft. per hr. with pressure drop of 0.3 in. and specific gravity
of 0.60 (natural gas).
Nominal Iron Pipe
Size, in. 10
20
92
1/2 132
3/4 278 190
520 350
1
1-1/4 1050 730
1-1/2 1600 1100
30
73
152
285
590
890
40
63
130
245
500
760
50
56
115
215
440
670
Length of Pipe, Feet
60
70
80
90
40
43
46
50
84
90
96
105
195 180 170 160
400 370 350 320
610 560 530 490
100
38
79
150
305
460
125
34
72
130
275
410
150
31
64
120
250
380
175
28
59
110
225
350
200
26
55
100
210
320
After the length of pipe has been determined, select the pipe size which will provide the minimum cubic feet per hour
required for the gas input rating of the water heater. By formula:
Cu. Ft. Per Hr. Required=
Gas Input of Water Heater (BTU/HR)
Heating Value of Gas (BTU/FT³)
3
The gas input of the water heater is marked on the water heater data plate. The heating value of the gas (BTU/FT )
may be determined by consulting the local natural gas utility.
Additional tables are available in the latest edition of the "National Fuel Gas Code", ANSI Z223.1.
Combustion Air Supply and
Ventilation
WARNING
Carbon Monoxide Warning
Follow all the local and state codes or, in
the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1
(NFPA 54)- latest edition to properly install
vent system.
Failure to do so can result in death,
explosion, or carbon monoxide poisoning.
Combustion air must be free of acid-forming chemicals
such as sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine. These elements are
found in aerosol sprays, detergents, bleaches, cleaning
solvents, air fresheners, paint, and varnish removers,
refrigerants, and many other commercial and household
products. When burned, vapors from these products form
highly corrosive acid compounds. These products should
not be stored or used near the water heater or air inlet.
Combustion and ventilation air requirements are
determined by the location of the water heater. The water
heater may be located in either an open (unconfined) area
or in a confined area or small enclosure such as a closet
or small room. Confined spaces are areas with less than
50 cubic feet for each 1,000 BTUH of the total input for all
gas using appliances.
IMPORTANT: Air for combustion and ventilation must not
come from a corrosive atmosphere. Any failure due to
corrosive elements in the atmosphere is excluded from
warranty coverage.
The following types of installation (not limited to the
following) will require outdoor air for combustion due to
chemical exposure and may reduce but not eliminate the
presence of corrosive chemicals in the air:
•
•
•
•
beauty shops
photo processing labs
buildings with indoor pools
water heaters installed in laundry, hobby, or craft
rooms
• water heaters installed near chemical storage areas
7
Unconfined Space
A water heater in an unconfined space uses indoor air for
combustion and requires at least 50 cubic feet for each
1,000 BTUH of the total input for all gas appliances. The
table below shows a few examples of the minimum square
footage (area) required for various BTUH inputs.
Table 2
BTUH
Input
Minimum Square
Feet with
8' Ceiling
Typical Room
with 8' Ceiling
30,000
188
9 x 21
45,000
281
14 x 20
Figure 4
Opening LocationsConfined Spaces
12” maximum
Closet
or
other
confined
space
Permanent
openings to
the outside or
additional
rooms within
the building
12” maximum
60,000
375
15 x 25
75,000
469
15 x 31
90,000
563
20 x 28
105,000
657
20 x 33
120,000
750
25 x 30
135,000
844
28 x 30
IMPORTANT:
• The area must be open and be able to provide the
proper air requirements to the water heater. Areas that
are being used for storage or contain large objects may
not be suitable for water heater installation.
•
•
All Air from Inside the Building
When additional air is to be provided to the confined area
from additional room(s) within the building, the total volume
of the room(s) must be of sufficient size to properly provide
the necessary amount of fresh air to the water heater
and other gas utilization equipment in the area. If you are
unsure that the structure meets this requirement, contact
your local gas utility company or other qualified agency for
a safety inspection.
Each of the two openings shall have a minimum free area
of 1 square inch per 1,000 BTUH of the total input rating of
all gas utilization equipment in the confined area, but not
less than 100 square inches. (Figure 5.)
Water heaters installed in open spaces in buildings with
unusually tight construction may still require outdoor
air to function properly. In this situation, outside air
openings should be sized the same as for a confined
space.
Confined
Space
Modern home construction usually requires supplying
outside air into the water heater area.
Confined Space
For the correct and proper operation of this water heater,
ample air must be supplied for the combustion, ventilation,
and dilution of flue gases. Small enclosures and confined
areas must have two permanent openings so that sufficient
fresh air can be drawn from outside of the enclosure. One
opening shall be within 12 inches of the top and one within
12 inches of the bottom of the enclosure as shown in
Figure 4.
The size of each opening (free area) is determined by the
total BTUH input of all gas utilization equipment (i.e., water
heaters, furnaces, clothes dryers, etc.) and the method by
which the air is provided. The BTUH input can be found on
the water heater data plate. Additional air can be provided
by two methods:
1. All air from inside the building.
2. All air from outdoors.
8
Permanent
Openings
1 square
inch/1000
BTUH
(minimum
100 sq. In.
each)
Figure 5
All Air from Inside Building
Confined Space Installation
All Air from Outdoors
Outdoor fresh air can be provided to a confined area either
directly or by the use of vertical and horizontal ducts. The
fresh air can be taken from the outdoors or from crawl or
attic spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors.
Attic or crawl spaces cannot be closed and must be
properly ventilated to the outside.
Ductwork must be of the same cross-sectional area as
the free area of the opening to which they connect. The
minimum dimension of rectangular air ducts cannot be less
than three inches.
The size of each of the two openings is determined by the
method in which the air is to be provided. Refer to Table
3 to calculate the minimum free area for each opening.
Figures 6, 7, and 8 are typical examples of each method.
Louvers and Grilles
In calculating free area for ventilation and combustion
air supply openings, consideration must be given to the
blocking effect of protection louvers, grilles, and screens.
These devices can reduce airflow, which in turn may
require larger openings to achieve the required minimum
free area. Screens must not be smaller than 1/4” mesh. If
the free area through a particular design of louver or grille
is known, it should be used in calculating the specified
free area of the opening. If the design and free area are
not known, it can be assumed that most wood louvers will
allow 20 - 25% of free area while metal louvers and grilles
will allow 60 - 75% of free area.
Gable vent
to outdoors
Install above
insulation
Confined
Space
Outlet
air to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Inlet air
from the
crawl
space
Alternate
Air Inlet
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Open
Foundation
Vent
Figure 6
All Air from Outdoors; Inlet Air from Ventilated
Crawl Space/Outlet Air to Ventilated Attic
Gable vent
to outdoors
Install above
insulation
Outlet air
to attic
1 Sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Confined
Space
Louvers and grilles must be locked open or interconnected
with the equipment so that they are opened automatically
during equipment operation.
Inlet air duct
1 sq. inch per
4000 BTUH
Keep louvers and grilles clean and free of debris or other
obstructions.
Table 3
Minimum Free Area of Permanent Openings for Ventilation and
Combustion Air Supply - All Air from Outdoors Only.
12” maximum
Figure 7
All Air from Outdoors
Through Ventilated Attic
Based on the total BTUH input rating for all gas utilizing equipment
within the confined space.
Opening
Source
Minimum Free Area
Per Opening
(sq. in.)
Reference
Drawing
Direct to
outdoors
1 Square inch per 4000
BTUH
Figure 6
Vertical ducts
1 Square inch per 4000
BTUH
Figure 7
Horizontal ducts
1 Square inch per 2000
BTUH
Figure 8
1 sq. inch
per
2000 BTUH
Confined
Space
Outdoor
Air Ducts
Example: A water heater with an input rate of 50,000 BTUH using
horizontal ducts would require each opening to have a minimum
free area of 25 square inches.
Minimum free area = 50,000 BTUH x 1 sq. in. / 2000 BTUH = 25
Sq. Inches.
*
These openings connect directly with the outdoors
through a ventilated attic, a ventilated crawl space, or
through an outside wall.
Consult the local codes of your area for specific ventilation
and combustion air requirements.
Outlet
Inlet
Figure 8
All Air from Outdoors
Using Horizontal Ducts
1 sq. Inch
per
2000 BTUH
9
Vent Pipe System
Vent Pipe Size
This water heater uses a non-direct, single-pipe vent
system to remove exhaust gases created by the burning of
fossil fuels. Air for combustion is taken from the immediate
water heater location or is ducted in from the outside (see
“Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation” section).
It is important that you follow the guidelines in these
instructions for sizing a vent pipe system. If a transition to
a larger vent size is required, the vent transition connection
must be made at the draft hood outlet.
This water heater must be properly vented for the removal
of exhaust gases to the outside atmosphere. Correct
installation of the vent pipe system is mandatory for the
proper and efficient operation of this water heater and is an
important factor in the life of the unit.
The vent pipe must be installed according to all local and
state codes or, in the absence of local and state codes, the
“National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest
edition. The vent pipe installation must not be obstructed
so as to prevent the removal of exhaust gases to the
outside atmosphere.
IMPORTANT: The use of vent dampers is not
recommended by the manufacturer of this water heater.
Although some vent dampers are certified by CSA
International, this certification applies to the vent damper
device only and does not mean they are certified for use
on this water heater.
U.L. recognized fuel gas and carbon monoxide (CO)
detectors are recommended in all applications and should
be installed using the manufacturer’s instructions and local
codes, rules, or regulations.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required
to properly install this venting system, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
Draft hood Installation
Align the legs of the draft hood with the slots provided.
Insert the legs and secure the draft hood to the water
heater’s top with the four screws provided as shown in
Figure 9. Do not alter the draft hood in any way. If you are
replacing an existing water heater, be sure to use the new
draft hood supplied with the water heater.
Figure 9
Draft hood Installation
Sheet Metal Screws (four provided)
Draft hood
Legs
Legs
Slot
Jacket top
Install the draft hood with
the four screws provided.
10
Slot
Vent Connectors
1. Type B, Double Wall, U.L. Listed Vent Pipe.
2. Single Wall Vent Pipe.
Maintain the manufacturer’s specified minimum clearance
from combustible materials when using type B double wall
vent pipe.
Vent connectors made of type B, double wall vent pipe
material may pass through walls or partitions constructed
of combustible material if the minimum listed clearance is
maintained.
Maintain a six inch minimum clearance from all
combustible materials when using single wall vent pipe.
IMPORTANT: Single wall vent pipe cannot be used for
water heaters located in attics and may not pass through
attic spaces, crawl spaces or any confined or inaccessible
location. A single wall metal vent connector cannot pass
through any interior wall.
When installing a vent connector, please note the following:
•
Install the vent connector avoiding unnecessary bends,
which create resistance to the flow of vent gases.
•
Install without dips or sags with an upward slope of at
least 1/4-inch per foot.
•
Joints must be fastened by sheet metal screws or other
approved means. It must be supported to maintain
clearances and prevent separation of joints and
damage.
•
The length of the vent connector cannot exceed 75% of
the vertical vent height.
•
The vent connector must be accessible for cleaning,
inspection, and replacement.
•
Vent connectors cannot pass through any ceiling, floor,
firewall, or fire partition.
IMPORTANT: Existing vent systems must be inspected for
obstructions, corrosion, and proper installation.
Chimney Connection
IMPORTANT: Before connecting a vent to a chimney,
make sure the chimney passageway is clear and free of
obstructions. The chimney must be cleaned if previously
used for venting solid fuel appliances or fireplaces. Also
consult local and state codes for proper chimney sizing
and application or, in the absence of local and state codes,
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA 54)latest edition.
•
Listed Lined
Chimney
3 ft. minimum
*
The connector must be installed above the extreme
bottom of the chimney to prevent potentially blocking
the flue gases.
•
The connector must be firmly attached and sealed to
prevent it from falling out.
•
To aid in removing the connector, a thimble or slip joint
may be used.
•
The connector must not extend beyond the inner edge
of the chimney as it may restrict the space between it
and the opposite wall of the chimney (Figure 10).
Do not terminate the vent connector in a chimney that has
not been certified for this purpose. Some local codes may
prohibit the termination of vent connectors in a masonry
chimney.
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
Slope up
1/4 in.
per ft.
minimum
3 ft. minimum
2 ft. minimum above any
object within10 ft.
horizontally
*
Vertical Exhaust Gas Vent
**
Vertical exhaust gas vents must be installed with U.L. listed
type B vent pipe according to the vent manufacturer’s
instructions and the terms of its listing.
Vent
connector
slope up
1/4 in. per ft.
minimum
It must be connected to the water heater’s draft hood by a
listed vent connector or by directly originating at the draft
hood opening.
Vertical gas vents must terminate with a listed cap or
other roof assembly and be installed according to their
manufacturer’s instructions.
5 in. minimum
**
Gas vents must be supported to prevent damage, joint
separation, and maintain clearances to combustible
materials (Figures 11 and 12).
IMPORTANT: This gas vent must be terminated in a
vertical position to facilitate the removal of the burnt gases.
An unused chimney flue or masonry enclosure may be
used as a passageway for the installation of a gas vent
(Figure 12).
Common (combined) venting is allowable with vertical type
B vent systems and lined masonry chimneys.
Figures 10-12 are examples of vent pipe system
installations and may or may not be typical for your specific
application. Consult the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI
Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest edition and the guidelines set forth
by prevailing local codes.
*
Slope up
1/4 in.
per ft.
minimum
Maintain vent pipe clearance requirements to local, state
*and/or
the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI Z223.1(NFPA
54)-latest edition.
** NFPA 211, Standard for Chimneys, Fireplaces, Vents,
and Solid Fuel-Burning Appliances states that these
chimneys are intended to be installed in accordance with
the installation instructions provided with each chimney
support assembly. Minimum air space clearance to
combustible materials should be maintained as marked on
the chimney sections.
11
Water System Piping
Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according to
the installation drawing (Figure 13). If the indoor installation
area is subject to freezing temperatures, the water piping
must be protected by insulation.
Water supply pressure should not exceed 80% of the
working pressure of the water heater. The working
pressure is stated on the water heater’s data plate. If this
occurs, a pressure limiting valve with a bypass may need
to be installed in the cold water inlet line. This should
be placed on the supply to the entire house in order to
maintain equal hot and cold water pressures.
7. After piping has been properly connected to the water
heater, remove the aerator at the nearest hot water
faucet. Open the hot water faucet and allow the tank
to completely fill with water. To purge the lines of
any excess air, keep the hot water faucet open for
3 minutes after a constant flow of water is obtained.
Close the faucet and check all connections for leaks.
Figure 13
Water Piping Installation
In a closed system use a
thermal expansion tank
Cold Water
Supply to Fixtures
Hot Water
Outlet
Main
Water
Supply
Pressure reducing
valve with bypass
IMPORTANT:
•
•
Heat cannot be applied to the water fittings on the
heater as they may contain nonmetallic parts. If solder
connections are used, solder the pipe to the adapter
before attaching the adapter to the hot and cold water
fittings.
Always use a good grade of joint compound and be
certain that all fittings are drawn up tight.
Piping Installation
1. Install the water piping and fittings as shown in Figure
13. Connect the cold water supply (3/4” NPT) to the
fitting marked “C”. Connect the hot water supply (3/4”
NPT) to the fitting marked “H”.
IMPORTANT: Some models may contain energy saving
heat traps to prevent the circulation of hot water within
the pipes. Do not remove the inserts within the heat
traps.
2. The installation of unions in both the hot and cold water
supply lines is recommended for ease of removing the
water heater for service or replacement.
3. Some local codes may require, and the manufacturer
of this water heater recommends, installing a tempering
valve or an anti-scald device in the domestic hot water
line as shown in Figure 14. These valves reduce the
point-of-use temperature of the water by mixing cold
and hot water and are readily available for use.
4. If installing the water heater in a closed water system,
install an expansion tank in the cold water line as
specified under “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
section.
5. Install a shut-off valve in the cold water inlet line. It
should be located close to the water heater and be
easily accessible. Know the location of this valve and
how to shut off the water to the heater.
6. A temperature and pressure relief valve must be
installed in the opening marked “Temperature and
Pressure (T & P) Relief Valve” on the water heater.
A discharge line must be added to the opening of
the T&P Relief Valve. Follow the instructions under
“Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve” section.
12
Cold Water
Inlet Valve
Union
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge line
6” maximum
above drain
Drain line
3/4” ID
minimum
Drain
1”minimum
Metal
Drain Pan
1 3/4” depth maximum
Figure 14
Typical Tempering
Valve Installation
Massachusetts:
Install a vacuum relief
in cold water line per
section 19 MGL 142.
Cold
Water
Inlet
Follow the tempering
valve manufacturer’s
instructions.
Hot
Water
Outlet
Tempered water
to fixtures
Tempering valve
(Set to 120°F)
Please note the following:
•
The system should be installed only with piping that is
suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as copper,
CPVC, or polybutylene. This water heater must not be
installed using iron piping or PVC water piping.
•
Use only pumps, valves, or fittings that are compatible
with potable water.
•
Use only full flow ball or gate valves. The use of valves
that may cause excessive restriction to water flow is
not recommended.
•
Use only 95/5 tin-antimony or other equivalent solder.
Any lead based solder must not be used.
•
Piping that has been treated with chromates, boiler
seal, or other chemicals must not be used.
•
Chemicals that may contaminate the potable water
supply must not be added to the piping system.
Closed System/Thermal Expansion
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Periodic discharge of the temperature and pressure relief
valve may be due to thermal expansion in a closed water
supply system. The water utility supply meter may contain a
check valve, backflow preventer or water pressure reducing
valve. This will create a closed water system. During
the heating cycle of the water heater, the water expands
causing pressure inside the water heater to increase. This
may cause the temperature and pressure relief valve to
discharge small quantities of hot water. To prevent this, it
is recommended that a diaphragm-type expansion tank
(suitable for potable water) be installed on the cold water
supply line. The expansion tank must have a minimum
capacity of 1.5 U.S. gallons for every 50 gallons of stored
water. Contact the local water supplier or plumbing
inspector for information on other methods to control this
situation.
IMPORTANT: Do not plug or remove the temperature and
pressure relief valve.
13
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
The Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve:
• Must not be in contact with any electrical part.
• Must be connected to an adequate discharge line.
• Must not be rated higher than the working pressure
shown on the data plate of the water heater.
The Discharge Line:
• Must not be smaller than the pipe size of the relief
valve or have any reducing coupling installed in the
discharge line.
• Must not be capped, blocked, plugged or contain
any valve between the relief valve and the end of the
discharge line.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor
drain or external to the building.
• Must be capable of withstanding 250°F (121°C) without
distortion.
• Must be installed to allow complete drainage of both
the valve and discharge line.
T&P Relief Valve and Pipe Insulation (Some Models)
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Figure 15A
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve Installation
Discharge line 3/4" minimum
Do not cap or plug.
6" maximum
For protection against excessive pressures and
temperatures, a temperature and pressure relief valve
must be installed in the opening marked “T & P RELIEF
VALVE” (see Figure 15A). This valve must be design
certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory that
maintains periodic inspection of the production of listed
equipment or materials as meeting the requirements for
Relief Valves and Automatic Shut-off Devices for Hot
Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22. The function of the
temperature and pressure relief valve is to discharge water
in large quantities in the event of excessive temperature or
pressure developing in the water heater. The valve’s relief
pressure must not exceed the working pressure of the
water heater as stated on the data plate.
14
IMPORTANT: Only a new temperature and pressure
relief valve should be used with your water heater. Do not
use an old or existing valve as it may be damaged or not
adequate for the working pressure of the new water
heater. Do not place any valve between the relief valve
and the tank.
1. Locate the T&P Relief Valve on the water heater.
2. Locate the slit running the length of the insulation.
3 Spread this slit open and slip it over the T&P Relief Valve.
See Figure 15B. Apply gentle pressure to the insulation
to ensure it is fully seated on the T&P Relief Valve. Once
sealed secure the insulation with a section of tape.
IMPORTANT: The insulation or tape should not block
or cover the T&P Relief Valve drain opening. Also the
insulation or tape should not block or hinder access to the
T&P Relief Valve manual relief lever.
4. Next locate the hot water (outlet) & cold water (inlet) pipes
to the water heater.
5. Select one of the sections of pipe insulation and locate the
slit that runs the length of the insulation.
6. Spread the slit open at the base of the insulation and slip
it over the cold water (inlet) pipe. Apply gentle
pressure along the length of the insulation to ensure it is
fully seated around the cold water pipe. Also ensure that
the base of insulation is flush with the water heater. Once
seated, secure the insulation with a section of tape.
7. Repeat steps 5 through 6 for the hot water (outlet) pipe.
Figure 15B
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
Manual Relief Lever
T&P Relief Valve
T&P Relief Valve
Drain Line
T&P Relief Valve Insulation
Special Applications
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water System
Some water heater models are equipped with inlet/outlet
tappings for use with space heating applications. If this
water heater is to be used to supply both space heating
and domestic potable (drinking) water, the instructions
listed below must be followed.
•
Be sure to follow the manual(s) shipped with the air
handler system.
•
This water heater is not to be used as a replacement
for an existing boiler installation.
•
Do not use with piping that has been treated with
chromates, boiler seal or other chemicals and do not
add any chemicals to the water heater piping.
•
If the space heating system requires water
temperatures in excess of 120°F, a tempering valve
or an anti-scald device should be installed per its
manufacturer’s instructions in the domestic (potable)
hot water supply to limit the risk of scald injury.
•
Pumps, valves, piping and fittings must be compatible
with potable water.
•
A properly installed flow control valve is required to
prevent thermosiphoning. Thermosiphoning is the
result of a continuous flow of water through the air
handler circuit during the off cycle. Weeping (blow off)
of the temperature and pressure relief valve (T & P)
or higher than normal water temperatures are the first
signs of thermosiphoning.
•
•
The domestic hot water line from the water heater
should be vertical past any tempering valve or supply
line to the air handler to remove air bubbles from the
system. Otherwise, these bubbles will be trapped in the
air handler heat exchanger coil, reducing the efficiency.
Do not connect the water heater to any system or
components previously used with non-potable water
heating appliances when used to supply potable water.
Some jurisdictions may require a backflow preventer in the
incoming cold water line. This may cause the temperature
and pressure relief valve on the water heater to discharge
or weep due to expansion of the heated water. A
diaphragm-type expansion tank suitable for potable water
will normally eliminate this weeping condition. Please
read and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the
installation of such tanks.
Also see “Water System Piping” section for additional
instructions on the safe and correct installation and
operation of this water heater.
Figure 16
Typical Tempering Valve Installation
Combination Space Heating/Potable
Water Heating System
Domestic
Hot Water
Out
Tempering
Valve
Must be vertical to
remove air bubbles
Cold
Water
Inlet
Hot
Water
Out
Unions
Flow Control
Pump Valve
Out
To
Air
Handler
Shut-off
Valve
In
Coil
Air
Handler
Massachusetts code
does not allow this
type of installation.
Solar Installation
If this water heater is used as a solar storage heater
or as a backup for the solar system, the water supply
temperatures to the water heater tank may be in excess
of 120°F. A tempering valve or other temperature limiting
valve must be installed in the water supply line to limit the
supply temperature to 120°F.
NOTE: Solar water heating systems can often supply water
with temperatures exceeding 180°F and may result in
water heater malfunction.
15
Important Information About This Water Heater
This gas water heater was manufactured to voluntary safety standards to reduce the likelihood of a flammable
vapor ignition incident. The new technology used in meeting these standards makes this product more sensitive to
installation errors. Please review the following checklist and make any required installation upgrades or changes.
Questions? Call 1-877-817-6750.
Installation Checklist
Water Heater Location
□
Water heater location is important and can affect system
performance. Please check the following:
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
Installation area free of corrosive elements and
flammable materials.
Centrally located with the water piping system.
Located as close to the gas piping and vent pipe
system as possible.
Located indoors and in a vertical position. Protected
from freezing temperatures.
Proper clearances from combustible surfaces
maintained and not installed directly on a carpeted
floor.
Provisions made to protect the area from water
damage. Metal drain pan installed and piped to an
adequate drain.
Sufficient room to service the water heater. See
“Clearances and Accessibility” section of this
manual.
Water heater not located near an air moving device.
Is the installed environment dirty (excessive
amounts of lint, dirt, dust, etc.)? If so, the flame
arrestor located on the bottom of the water heater
and the burner will need to be cleaned periodically.
Refer to the “Maintenance of your Water Heater”
section of this manual for information on cleaning
the flame-trap and burner.
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation
Check for sufficient combustion air supply. Insufficient air
for the combustion of gas will result in the burner flame
tips becoming longer and the pilot will begin to experience
nuisance tripping. Is the water heater installed in a closet or
other small, enclosed space? If so:
□ Are there openings for make-up air to enter and
exit the room/area?
□ Are the openings of sufficient size? Remember,
if there are other gas-fired or air-consuming
appliances in the same room, you need more
make-up air. Refer to the “Location Requirements”
section of this water heater manual for specific
requirements.
Fresh air not taken from areas that contain negative
pressure producing devices such as exhaust fans,
fireplaces, etc.
□ Is there a furnace/air handler in the same room
space as the water heater? If so, has a return air
duct system been attached that exits the room?
If so, check for leaks on the air duct system. If no
air duct system is present, correct immediately
by contacting a local Heating, Ventilation, AirConditioning & Refrigeration (HVAC-R) authorized
service provider.
16
□
Fresh air supply free of corrosive elements and
flammable vapors.
Fresh air openings sized correctly with consideration
given to the blocking effect of louvers and grilles.
Ductwork is the same cross-sectional area as the
openings.
Vent Pipe System
Check for proper drafting at the water heater draft hood.
Refer to the “Checking the Draft” section of this manual for
the test procedure. If the procedure shows insufficient draft
is present, please check the following.
□
□
□
□
□
□
□
Draft hood properly installed.
Vent connectors securely fastened with screws and
supported properly to maintain six inch clearance.
Vent connector made of approved material and
sized correctly.
Vent pipe system installed according to all local
and state codes or, in the absence of local and
state codes, the “National Fuel Gas Code”, ANSI
Z223.1(NFPA 54)-latest edition.
Flue baffle engaged in slots provided in the flue
tube.
Check the vent system for restrictions/obstructions
and check the vent termination height. Refer to the
“Air Supply and Ventilation” section of this water
heater manual for specific requirements.
Recheck for sufficient combustion air supply.
Water System Piping
□
□
□
□
□
Temperature and pressure relief valve properly
installed with a discharge line run to an open drain
and protected from freezing.
All piping properly installed and free of leaks.
Heater completely filled with water.
Closed system pressure build-up devices installed.
Tempering valve (when applicable) installed per
manufacturer’s instructions (see “Water Temperature
Regulation” section).
Gas Supply and Piping
□
□
□
□
□
Gas type is the same as that listed on the water
heater data plate.
Gas line equipped with shut-off valve, union, and
drip leg.
Approved pipe joint compound used.
Adequate pipe size and approved pipe material.
An approved noncorrosive leak detection solution
used to check all connections and fittings for possible
gas leaks. Correct any leak found.
OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER
Lighting Instructions
WARNING
Read and understand these directions thoroughly before
Explosion Hazard
attempting to light or re-light the pilot. Make sure the
viewport is not missing or damaged. (See Figure 23)
Make sure the tank is completely filled with water before
lighting the pilot. Check the data plate near the gas control
valve/thermostat for the correct gas. Do not use this water
heater with any gas other than the one listed on the data
plate. If you have any questions or doubts, consult your gas
supplier or gas utility company.
Replace viewport if glass is
missing or damaged.
Failure to do so can result in
death, explosion or fire.
Robertshaw Gas Valve - Lighting Instructions
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
C. Use only your hand to push in or turn the gas control
knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not push in or
move by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service
technician. Force or attempted repair may result in a fire
or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to
inspect the appliance. Water heaters subjected to flood
conditions or anytime the gas controls, main burner or
pilot have been submerged in water require replacement
of the entire water heater.
E. DO NOT USE THIS APPLIANCE IF THERE HAS BEEN AN
IGNITION OF VAPORS. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance. Water heaters
subjected to a flammable vapors ignition will show a
discoloration on the air intake grid and require
replacement of the entire water heater.
A. This appliance has a pilot which is lighted by a
piezoelectric igniter. When lighting the pilot, follow these
instructions exactly.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the appliance area
for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because some
gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
v
Do not try to light any appliance.
v
Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
v
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
v
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
7. Depress the reset button all the way PUSHBUTTON
in and IMMEDIATELY depress the
igniter button until you hear a loud
click. Observe the pilot through the
view port. Do not release the reset
button. Repeat immediately if pilot
does not light on the first try. If the
pilot does not light by the fourth
attempt with the igniter, repeat steps
4 - 7. Continue to hold the button for
about (1) minute after the pilot is lit.
Release the reset button and it will pop
back up. Pilot should remain lit. If the
pilot light goes out, repeat steps 3 - 7.
IGNITER
1. STOP! It is imperative that you read all the safety warnings
before lighting the pilot.
2. Remove the outer door.
3. Turn the temperature dial counterclockwise
lowest setting.
120° F
BAR
N
VACA
TIO
130° F
BAR
ES
UR
Y
H
TE OTTER S
RI R INCREA J
SK
IN
OF SCALD
VAC
A
INDEX
BARS
RM
A
W
CAU
TI
O
UTION
CA
A
W
E
TH
H
L
WA
R
HOT
RO
REA
BE D WA
FO AL RN
RE L IN IN
ST G
RU
LIC
GTI
ON
HTI
NS
G
T
O
DIAL
STOP
ON
TI
IT
M
UN
N
4. Depress the dial stop and turn
gas control knob clockwise
to the “OFF” position.
IMPORTANT: If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries,
depress the dial stop and turn gas control knob to “OFF”,
then call your service technician or gas supplier.
CAUTION
DO NOT PRY
O N
PIL OT
ON DIAL
DAMAGE
WILL
O FF
5. To clear any gas that may have
accumulated wait ten (10) minutes.
If you then smell gas, STOP! Follow “B” in the safety
warning above. If you do not smell gas go to the next
step.
RESULT
IMPORTANT: If the reset button (see graphic at step 3) does
not pop up when released, stop and immediately shut off
the gas at the line valve or tank. Call your service technician
or gas supplier.
8. Turn the gas control knob
counterclockwise
to “ON”.
CAUTION
O N
6. Turn the gas control knob
counterclockwise
to “PILOT”.
O FF
DO NOT PRY
ON DIAL
DAMAGE
WILL
RESULT
P IL O T
9. Set the temperature dial to
the desired setting.
CAUTION
DO NOT PRY
PILOT
130° F
BAR
GAS
CONTROL
KNOB
O FF
RESET
BUTTON
to its
O N
ON DIAL
DAMAGE
WILL
RESULT
10. Replace the outer door.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Turn the temperature dial counterclockwise
lowest setting.
to its
2. Turn the gas control knob clockwise
position.
to the “OFF”
17
White Rodgers Gas Valve - Lighting Instructions
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or explosion
may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
A. This appliance has a pilot which is lighted by a
piezoelectric igniter. When lighting the pilot, follow these
instructions exactly.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the appliance area
for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because some
gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
•
Do not try to light any appliance.
•
Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
•
Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
C. Use only your hand to push in or turn the gas control
knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not push in or
move by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service
technician. Force or attempted repair may result in a fire
or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to
inspect the appliance. Water heaters subjected to flood
conditions or anytime the gas controls, main burner or
pilot have been submerged in water require replacement
of the entire water heater.
E. DO NOT USE THIS APPLIANCE IF THERE HAS BEEN AN
IGNITION OF VAPORS. Immediately call a qualified service
technician to inspect the appliance. Water heaters
subjected to a flammable vapors ignition will show a
discoloration on the air intake grid and require
replacement of the entire water heater.
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
1.! STOP! It is imperative that you read all the safety
warnings before lighting the pilot.
2.! Remove the outer door.
3.! Turn the temperature dial clockwise
setting.
to its lowest
4.! Depress the gas control knob slightly and turn
clockwise
to “OFF”. If the knob is “ON”, turn it
clockwise
to “PILOT” then depress the knob slightly
and turn clockwise
to “OFF”.
7.! Depress the gas control knob all the way in and
IMMEDIATELY depress the igniter button until you hear
a loud click. Observe the pilot through the view port. Do
not release the gas control knob. Repeat immediately if
the pilot does not light on the first try. If the pilot does
not light by the fourth attempt with the igniter repeat steps
4-7. Continue to hold the gas control knob down for about
(1) minute after the pilot is lit. Release knob and it will
pop back up. Pilot should remain lit. If the pilot light goes
out, repeat steps 3-7.
IGNITER
BUTTON
GAS CONTROL KNOB
(OFF- PILOT- ON)
ALTERNATE
IGNITER
IGNITER
BUTTON
IGNITER
TEMPERATURE DIAL
120º F MARK
130º F MARK
NOTE: Knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF” unless
knob is depressed slightly. Do not use tools or excessive
force.
5.! To clear any gas that may have accumulated wait ten
(10) minutes. If you smell gas, STOP! Follow “B” in the
safety warning above. If you do not smell gas go to the
next step.
6.! Turn the gas control knob counterclockwise
“PILOT”.
to
IMPORTANT: If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries,
turn gas control knob to “OFF” and call your service
technician or gas supplier.
IMPORTANT: If the gas control knob does not pop up when
released, stop and immediately shut off the gas at the line
valve or tank. Call your service technician or gas supplier.
8. Turn the gas control knob counterclockwise
to “ON”.
9. Set the temperature dial to the desired setting.
10. Replace the outer door.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1.
2.
Turn the temperature dial clockwise
to its
lowest setting.
Turn gas control knob clockwise
to “PILOT”.
3.
Depress the gas control knob slightly and turn
clockwise
to “OFF”. Do not use tools or force.
Checking the Draft
WARNING
Burn Hazard
Do not touch vent.
Doing so can result in burns.
After successfully lighting the water heater, allow the unit
to operate for 15 minutes and check the draft hood relief
opening for proper draft. Make sure all other appliances
in the area are operating and all doors are closed when
18
performing the draft test.
Figure 17
Draft hood
Pass a match flame
Relief
around the relief opening
Opening
Match
of the draft hood. A
steady flame drawn into
the opening indicates
proper draft. If the flame
flutters or is blown out,
combustion products are
escaping from the relief
opening. If this occurs, do not operate the water heater until
proper adjustments or repairs are made to the vent pipe
system and/or air supply requirements.
Burner Flames
Inspect burner
flames through Figure 18
Flame Characteristics
viewport.
Flames should
be very small
Correct flame
soft blue
with a blue
haze and
small amounts
of yellow or
orange at the
edges. After
several minutes
of operation the
burner screen may glow red. If large flames are observed
at anytime shut-off unit and call a qualified person.
IMPORTANT: Adjusting the thermostat past 120°F on the
temperature dial will increase the risk of scald injury in the
times shown below.
Water
Temperature °F
Time for 1st
Degree Burn
(Less Severe Burns)
110
116
116
122
131
140
149
154
(normal shower temp.)
(pain threshold)
35 minutes
1 minute
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
instantaneous
Time for
Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe Burns)
45 minutes
5 minutes
25 seconds
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 seconds
Stacking
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
Stacking occurs when a series of short draws of hot water
(3 gallons or less) are taken from the water heater tank.
This causes increased cycling of the burner and can result
in increased water temperatures at the hot water outlet. An
anti-scald device is recommended in the hot water supply
line to reduce the risk of scald injury.
Figure 19
Gas Valve/Thermostat
Settings
Index Bar
Water Temperature Regulation
Temperature Dial
WARNING
120°F
Mark
130°F
Mark
Robertshaw Gas Valve
Gas Control Knob
Reset
Button
Index
Bars
Dial Stop
130°F
Bar
120°F
Bar
WA
RM
UTION
CA
A
E
TH
ON
TI
Water temperature over 125°F can cause
severe burns instantly or death from scalds.
Children, disabled and elderly are at highest
risk of being scalded.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting valves are available.
The thermostat is adjusted to its lowest temperature when
it is shipped from the factory. Water temperature can be
regulated by moving the temperature dial to the preferred
setting. The preferred starting point is 120°F. Align the
index bar on the thermostat with the desired water
temperature as shown in Figure 19. There is a hot water
scald potential if the thermostat is set too high.
VAC
A
H
TE OTTER S
R INCREA
J
SK
IN
OF SCALD
W
RI
E
S
U
RY
IMPORTANT: Should overheating occur or the gas supply
fails to shut off, turn off the water heater’s manual gas
control valve and call a qualified person.
Gas Control Knob
(Off-PIlot-On)
HOT
Emergency Shut Down
White Rodgers Gas Valve
Temperature Dial
NOTE: During low demand periods when hot water is not
being used, a lower thermostat setting will reduce energy
losses and may satisfy your normal hot water needs. If hot
water use is expected to be more than normal, a higher
thermostat setting may be required to meet the increased
demand. When leaving your home for extended periods
(vacations, etc.) turn the temperature dial to its lowest
setting. This will maintain the water at low temperatures
with minimum energy losses and prevent the tank from
freezing during cold weather.
19
Operational Conditions
Condensation
Moisture from the products of combustion condenses on
the tank surface and the outside jacket of the water heater
and forms drops of water which may fall onto the burner or
other hot surfaces. This will produce a “sizzling” or “frying”
noise. NOTE: This condensation is normal and should
not be confused with a leaking tank. Condensation may
increase or decrease at different times of the year.
High efficient energy saver water heaters will produce
larger amounts of condensation on initial start-up or when
a large amount of hot water is being used. NOTE: Do not
confuse this with a “tank leak”. Once the water reaches a
temperature of 120°F and the tank warms up (usually 1-2
hours), the condensation will stop.
IMPORTANT: It is always recommended that a suitable
drain pan be installed under the water heater to protect
the area from water damage resulting from normal
condensation production, a leaking tank or piping
connections. Refer to the “Location Requirements” section.
Under no circumstances is the manufacturer to be held
responsible for any water damage in connection with this
water heater.
Water Heater Sounds
During the normal operation of the water heater, sounds or
noises may be heard. These noises are common and may
result from the following:
1. Normal expansion and contraction of metal parts during
periods of heat-up and cool-down.
2. Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the
burner area and should be considered normal.
3. Sediment buildup in the tank bottom will create varying
amounts of noise and may cause premature tank
failure. Drain and flush the tank as directed under the
“Draining and Flushing” section.
Smoke/Odor
The water heater may give off a small amount of smoke
and odor during the initial start-up of the unit. This is due to
the burning off of oil from metal parts of a new unit and will
disappear after a few minutes of operation.
Safety Shut-off
This water heater is designed to automatically shut-off in
the event of the following:
20
1. The pilot flame is extinguished for any reason.
2. The water temperature exceeds 180°F (83°C).
3. Excessive build-up of lint and dust inside the
combustion chamber.
4. The ignition of flammable vapors.
Check the flame-trap for signs of high temperature (blue or
black discoloration). If there are signs of high temperature,
inspect your installation for a flammable vapor event (see
“Pilot Light Troubleshooting Flow Chart”). If you suspect
a flammable vapor incident has occurred, do not use this
appliance. Immediately call a qualified person to inspect the
appliance. Water heaters subjected to a flammable vapors
ignition will require replacement of the entire water heater.
A thermocouple is used to determine if a pilot flame is
present and will shut off the gas supply to the main burner
and the pilot burner if the flame is absent.
A high temperature limit switch or ECO (Energy Cut Off) in
the tank is used to shut off the unit if the water temperature
exceeds 180°F (83°C). The ECO is a single-use switch,
which, if activated, requires complete replacement of the
entire gas control valve/thermostat. If the ECO should
activate, the water heater cannot be used until the gas
control valve/thermostat is replaced by a qualified person.
Contact your local dealer for service information.
Anode Rod/Water Odor
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which
will slowly deplete while protecting the glass-lined tank
from corrosion and prolonging the life of the water heater.
Once the anode is depleted, the tank will start to corrode,
eventually developing a leak. Certain water conditions will
cause a reaction between this rod and the water. The most
common complaint associated with the anode rod is a “rotten
egg smell” produced from the presence of hydrogen sulfide
gas dissolved in the water. IMPORTANT: Do not remove
this rod permanently as it will void any warranties. The
parts list includes a special anode that can be ordered if
water odor or discoloration occurs. NOTE: This rod may
reduce but not eliminate water odor problems. The water
supply system may require special filtration equipment from
a water conditioning company to successfully eliminate all
water odor problems.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because
the process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and
calcium ions. The use of a water softener may decrease the
life of the water heater tank.
The anode rod should be removed from the water heater
tank every 3 years for inspection. The following are typical
(but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or
more of the anode rod’s length) are visible.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be
replaced. NOTE: Whether reinstalling or replacing the
anode rod, check for any leaks and immediately correct if
found.
In replacing the anode:
1. Turn off gas supply to the water heater.
2. Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot water
faucet to depressurize the water
tank.
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons
of water from tank (Refer to the
“Draining and Flushing” section
for proper procedures). Close
drain valve.
4. Remove old anode rod.
5. Use Teflon® tape or approved
pipe sealant on threads and
install new anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open
nearby hot water faucet to purge
air from water system. Check
for any leaks and immediately
correct any if found.
7. Restart the water heater as
directed under the “Operating
Your Water Heater.” See the
“Repair Parts Illustration” section
for anode rod location.
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER
Draining and Flushing
It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed
every 6 months to remove sediment which may build up
during operation. The water heater should be drained if
being shut down during freezing temperatures. To drain the
tank, perform the following steps:
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas
shut-off valve.
2. Close the cold water inlet valve.
3. Open a nearby hot water faucet.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an
adequate drain.
NOTE: The drain hose should be rated for at least 200°F.
If the drain hose does not have this rating, open the cold
water inlet valve and a nearby hot faucet until the water is
no longer hot.
5. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the
water to drain from the tank. Flush the tank with water
as needed to remove sediment.
6. Close the drain valve, refill the tank, and restart the
heater as directed under the “Operating Your Water
Heater” section.
If the water heater is going to be shut down for an
extended period, the drain valve should be left open.
IMPORTANT: Condensation may occur when refilling the
tank and should not be confused with a tank leak.
Routine Preventive
Maintenance
At least annually, a visual inspection should be made of
the venting and air supply system, piping systems, main
burner, pilot burner, and flame-trap. Check the water
heater for the following:
•
Obstructions, damage, or deterioration in the venting
system. Make sure the ventilation and combustion air
supplies are not obstructed.
•
Build up of soot and carbon on the main burner and
pilot burner. Check for a soft blue flame.
•
Leaking or damaged water and gas piping.
•
Presence of flammable or corrosive materials in the
installation area.
•
Presence of combustible materials near the water
heater.
•
After servicing this water heater, check to make sure
it is working properly. (See “Operating Your Water
Heater” section of this manual.)
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief valve
is dripping or leaking, have a qualified
person replace it.
Examples of a qualified person include:
licensed plumbers, authorized gas company
personnel, and authorized service
personnel.
Do not plug valve.
Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, or explosion.
Manually operate the temperature and pressure relief valve
at least once a year to make sure it is working properly.
To prevent water damage,
Figure 21
Temperature and Pressure
the valve must be properly
Relief Valve
connected to a discharge
Manual Relief
Valve
line which terminates at an
adequate drain. Standing
clear of the outlet (discharged
water may be hot), slowly
lift and release the lever
handle on the temperature
Discharge line to drain
and pressure relief valve to
allow the valve to operate
freely and return to its closed position. If the valve fails
to completely reset and continues to release water,
immediately shut off the manual gas control valve and the
cold water inlet valve and call a qualified person.
IMPORTANT: If you lack the necessary skills required to
properly perform this visual inspection, you should not
proceed, but get help from a qualified person.
21
Natural Gas Burner (Ultra Low Nox)
Replacement Parts
IMPORTANT: The following maintenance procedures are
for the Flame Lock™Safety System components and
should be performed by a qualified person.
Replacement parts may be ordered through your plumber
or the local distributor. Parts will be shipped at prevailing
prices and billed accordingly. When ordering replacement
parts, always have the following information ready:
1. model, serial, and product number
2. item number
3. parts description
See “Repair Parts” section for a list of available repair
parts.
Check the burner to see if it is dirty or clogged. The burner
may be cleaned with soft paint brush (Figure 24). Do not
use a wire brush or any tool that may damage the burner
screen. Important: Do not use the burner if the burner screen
is damaged. NOTE: Damage may be rips or holes in the
burner screen. Discoloration is normal.
Figure 24
Natural Gas (Low Nox)
Burner Door Assembly
Removing the Burner Door Assembly
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas
shut-off valve (Figure 3).
2. Turn the gas control knob on the combination gas control
valve/thermostat clockwise to the “OFF” position (Figure
19). NOTE: Depress the dial stop on Robertshaw valves
before turning the gas control
knob. See Lighting Instructions Figure 22
Gas Valve Connections
on the water heater.
Robertshaw Gas Valve
3. Remove the outer door.
4. Remove the two screws
securing the burner door
Pilot
assembly to the combustion
Tube
chamber. (Figure 23).
Thermocouple
Manifold Tube
5. Disconnect the thermocouple
(right-hand thread), pilot
White Rodgers Gas Valve
tube, the igniter wire from the
igniter button, and manifold
tube at the thermostat.
Pilot
(Figure 22).
Tube
6. Grasp the manifold tube and
Thermocouple
push down slightly to free the
Manifold Tube
manifold tube, pilot tube, and
thermocouple.
7. Carefully remove the burner door assembly from the
combustion chamber. Be sure not to damage internal
parts.
Figure 23
Burner Door
Assembly Removal
Gas Valve /
Thermostat
Piezo
Igniter
Button
Thermocouple
Manifold
Tube
Viewport
Pilot Tube
Burner
Door
Door
Screw (2)
22
Tw o Piece Wire
Connector
Pilot Assembly
Burner
Use brush on this surface.
Replacing the Pilot Assembly
1. Follow the instructions in “Removing the Burner Door
Assembly” section to remove the assembly.
2. Remove the retainer clip securing the two piece wire
connector to the burner door assembly. (Note the
orientation of the retainer clip). Insert the tip of a large
flat head screwdriver between the clip and the top of the
two piece wire connector. Carefully rotate the screwdriver
to raise the clip. It may be necessary to remove the
connector one side at a time. (See Figure 25.)
3. Locate where the thermocouple connects to the rear of
the pilot assembly, and pull the thermocouple tip from the
rear of the pilot assembly.
4. Remove the nut securing the pilot assembly to the burner
and keep it for reuse later.
5. Use a 1/2” open end wrench, to loosen the nut securing
the pilot tube to the pilot. To prevent any bending use a
pair of pliers to steady the pilot bracket.
6. Remove the old pilot assembly (including the igniter wire)
from the burner door assembly.
7. Insert the pilot tube into the new pilot assembly. Important:
The new pilot assembly comes with an orifice. This orifice
must be installed when replacing the pilot assembly.
IMPORTANT: Do not operate this water heater without the
orifice in place.
8. Use a 1/2” open end wrench, to tighten the nut securing
the pilot tube to the pilot. To prevent any bending use a
pair of pliers to steady the pilot bracket.
9. Use the nut removed in a previous step to secure the new
pilot assembly to the burner.
10. Insert the igniter wire through the burner door and
reconnect the thermocouple to the pilot assembly. See
“Replacing the Thermocouple” section.
11. Reinstall the two piece wire connector. NOTE: The pilot
tube must be at the top followed by the igniter wire then
the thermocouple.
12. Follow the instructions in “Replacing the Burner Door
Assembly” section to reinstall the assembly.
Replacing the Thermocouple
1. Remove the Burner Door Assembly as directed
previously.
2. Remove the retainer clip from the back of the two
piece wire connector and remove the two piece wire
connector from the assembly (Figure 25).
3. Pull the thermocouple from the pilot assembly
(Figure 29).
IMPORTANT: Be careful not to bend or alter the position of
the pilot assembly components.
4. Push the new thermocouple through the holes in the
pilot bracket. Insert the thermocouple tube into the
holes provided in the pilot assembly until it clicks into
place. Leave a small straight section entering and
leaving the two piece wire connector section for easier
removal/service.
5. Position the new thermocouple through the opening of
the two piece wire connector (Figure 25). NOTE: The
pilot tube should be located at the top followed by the
igniter wire then the thermocouple.
6. See “Replacing the Burner Door Assembly” section.
Figure 25
Two Piece Wire
Connector
Assembly
Thermocouple
External Inspection & Cleaning of the
Flame-trap
Although not likely to occur, if debris collects on the flametrap, use a vacuum, compressed air, or a soft bristle brush
to remove it. NOTE: If unable to inspect or clean the flametrap from underneath, follow the “Cleaning the Combustion
Chamber and Flame-trap” section instructions.
Figure 27
Flame-trap visual inspection
Flashlight
Igniter
Wire
Pilot Tube
Mirror
Retainer Clip
Two Piece
Wire Connector
Manifold
Door
Cleaning the Pilot Assembly
1. Follow the procedure outlined in “Removing the Burner
Door Assembly”.
2. Use a soft bristle brush to remove any debris that may
have collected on the pilot. Note: Clean any debris found
in the air slots at the base of the pilot. See Figure 26.
3. Follow the steps in “Replacing the Burner Door
Assembly” section to reassemble.
Figure 26
Pilot Assembly
Pilot
Igniter
Air Slots
Mirror
Cleaning the Combustion Chamber
and Flame-trap
1. Follow procedure outlined in “Removing the Burner
Door Assembly” section.
2. Use a vacuum cleaner/shop vac to remove all loose
debris in the combustion chamber (Figure 28). Use
compressed air to clear any dust or debris that may
have accumulated in the flame-trap.
3. Reassemble following the procedure under the
“Replacing the Burner Door Assembly” section.
Pilot Bracket
23
Replacing the Burner Door Assembly
WARNING
7.
8.
9.
10.
Explosion Hazard
7/16” open end wrench will then be sufficient to seat
the lockwasher.
Reconnect the igniter wire.
Turn gas supply on and refer to the “Lighting
Instructions”.
Check for leaks by brushing on an approved
noncorrosive leak detection solution. Bubbles will show
a leak. Correct any leak found.
Replace the outer door.
Figure 28
Burner Door Assembly
Tighten both manifold door screws
securely.
Remove any fiberglass between gasket
and combustion chamber.
Replace viewport if glass is missing or
damaged.
Replace two piece wire connector if missing
or removed.
Replace door gasket if damaged.
Gas Control Valve/
Thermostat
Burner Door
Assembly
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death, explosion, or fire.
1. Check the door gasket for damage or imbedded debris
prior to installation.
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
Replace viewport if glass is
missing or damaged.
Failure to do so can result in
death, explosion or fire.
2. Inspect the viewport for damage and replace as
required.
3. Insert the burner door assembly into the combustion
chamber and slide it completely forward. Note: When
inserting the burner door assembly, tip the burner end
up slightly to ensure it engages with the burner bracket.
4. Inspect the door gasket and make sure there is no
fiberglass insulation between the door gasket and the
combustion chamber (See Figure 28).
5. Replace the two screws, which secure the burner door
assembly to the combustion chamber and tighten
securely. Once the burner door assembly is tightened,
visually inspect the door gasket between the burner
door assembly and the combustion chamber for spaces
or gaps that would prevent a seal. IMPORTANT: Do not
operate the water heater if the door gasket does not
create a seal between the burner door assembly and
the combustion chamber.
6. Reconnect the manifold tubing, pilot tubing, and
thermocouple to the thermostat. Do not cross-thread
or apply any thread sealant to these fittings. The
thermocouple nut should be started and turned all the
way in by hand. An additional 1/2 - 3/4 turn with a
24
Piezoelectric Igniter System
The piezoelectric igniter system consists of the igniter
button, electrode, and wire. The pilot is ignited by an
electric spark generated when the igniter button is pressed.
The electrode should be centered between the pilot and
thermocouple. (See Figure 29). Use only factory authorized
piezoelectric igniter parts for replacement.
Figure 29
Natural Gas Igniter Assembly
Pilot
Igniter
Button
Pilot
Bracket
Electrode
Thermocouple
Wire
to
electrode
Snap-on Connector
Testing the Igniter System
Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas
shut-off valve. Watch the electrode tip while activating the
igniter. A visible spark should jump from the electrode.
To avoid shock, do not touch the burner or any metal
part on the pilot or pilot assembly. If no spark is visible,
check the wire connections and make sure the electrode
is not broken. Replace the electrode if defective. NOTE:
The electrode is part of the pilot assembly and cannot be
replaced separately. Dirt and rust on the pilot or electrode
tip can prevent the igniter spark. Wipe clean with a damp
cloth and dry completely. Rust can be removed from the
electrode tip and metal surfaces by lightly sanding with an
emery cloth or fine grit sandpaper.
Removing and Replacing the Gas
Control Valve/Thermostat
IMPORTANT: The gas control valve/thermostat is a
standard valve with a right-hand thread thermocouple. Use
only factory authorized replacement parts.
Removing the Gas Valve:
1. Turn the gas control knob on the combination gas control
valve/thermostat clockwise to the “OFF” position. NOTE:
Depress the dial stop on Robertshaw valves before
turning the gas control knob. See Lighting Instructions on
the water heater.
2. Turn off the gas at the manual shut-off valve on the gas
supply pipe (Figure 3).
3. Drain the water heater. Refer to the section of “Draining
and Flushing” section and follow the procedure.
4. Disconnect the igniter wire from the igniter. NOTE: There
are two types of igniters. If you have the round igniter, first
remove the igniter from the bracket by depressing front
and rear holding tabs and lift. Next remove igniter bracket
from the gas valve. If you have the square igniter, slide
the igniter bracket backwards away from the gas valve
to remove it. Disconnect the thermocouple (right-hand
threads), pilot tube, and manifold tube at the gas control
valve/thermostat (Figure 22).
5. Refer to “Gas Piping” section (Figure 3) and disconnect
the ground joint union in the gas piping. Disconnect the
remaining pipe from the gas control valve/thermostat.
6. To remove the gas valve, thread a correctly sized
pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the gas valve
(counterclockwise.) Do not use pipe wrench or
equivalent to grip body. Damage may result, causing
leaks. Do not insert any sharp objects into the inlet or
outlet connections. Damage to the gas valve may result.
Replacing the Gas Valve:
To replace the gas control valve/thermostat, reassemble
in reverse order. When replacing the gas valve, thread a
correctly sized pipe into the inlet and use it to turn the gas
valve (clockwise.) DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN, damage may
result.
• Be sure to use approved Teflon® tape or pipe joint
compound on the gas piping connections and fitting on
the back of the gas control valve that screws into tank.
• Be sure to remove the pilot ferrule nut from the new gas
control valve/thermostat.
• Turn the gas supply on and check for leaks. Test all
connections by brushing on an approved noncorrosive
leak-detection solution. Bubbles will show a leak.
Correct any leak found.
• Be sure tank is completely filled with water before
lighting and activating the water heater. Follow the
“Lighting Instructions”
• If additional information is required, contact the Service
Department at: 1-877-817-6750.
TEFLON® is a registered trademark of E.I. Du Pont De Nemours and Company.
Flame Lock™Safety System Operational Checklist
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Burner door gasket properly sealed.
Viewport not damaged or cracked.
Flame-trap free of debris and undamaged.
Two piece wire connector properly installed.
No leaks at pilot and manifold connection.
Burner door screws securely tightened.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
CORRECTIVE ACTION
BURNER WILL NOT IGNITE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Pilot not lit
Thermostat set too low
No gas
Dirt in the gas lines
Pilot line clogged
Main burner line clogged
Non-functioning thermocouple
Non-functioning thermostat
Heater installed in a confined area
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Light pilot
Turn temp. dial to desired temperature
Check with gas utility company
Notify utility-install trap in gas line
Clean, locate source and correct
Clean, locate source and correct
Replace thermocouple
Replace thermostat
Provide fresh air ventilation
SMELLY WATER
1.
Sulfides in the water
1.
Replace the anode with a special anode
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Air in gas line
No gas
Dirt in gas lines
Pilot line or orifice clogged
Cold drafts
Thermostat ECO switch open
Non-functioning igniter
Flammable vapors incident, Flame
LockTM function utilized
9. Low gas pressure
10. Air for combustion obstructed
11. Pilot dirty
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Bleed the air from the gas line
Check with gas utility company
Notify utility-install dirt trap in gas line
Clean, locate source and correct
Locate source and correct
Replace thermostat
Replace igniter pilot assembly
Eliminate flammable vapor source(s)
Call 1-877-817-6750
9. Check with gas utility company
10. See maintenance section for inspection and
cleaning of flame-trap & burner
11. Clean pilot
25
PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
PILOT WILL NOT REMAIN LIT 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
10. Pilot dirty
Bleed the air from the gas line
Notify utility-install dirt trap in gas line
Clean, locate source and correct
Finger tighten; then 1/2 turn with wrench
Replace thermocouple
Locate source and correct
Eliminate flammable vapor source(s)
Call 1-877-817-6750
8. Check with gas utility company
9. See maintenance section for inspection and
cleaning of flame-trap & burner
10. Clean pilot
HIGH OPERATION COSTS
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Thermostat set too high
Sediment or lime in tank
Water heater too small for job
Wrong piping connections
Leaking faucets
Gas leaks
Wasted hot water
Long runs of exposed piping
Hot water piping in exposed wall
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Set temperature dial to lower setting
Drain/flush-provide water treatment if needed
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Repair faucets
Check with utility-repair at once
Advise customer
Insulate piping
Insulate piping
INSUFFICIENT HOT WATER
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Thermostat set too low
Sediment or lime in tank
Water heater too small
Wrong piping connections
Leaking faucets
Wasted hot water
Long runs of exposed piping
Hot water piping in outside wall
Low gas pressure
1.
2.
3.
4.
5
6.
7.
8.
9.
Turn temperature dial to desired setting
Drain/flush-provide water treatment if needed
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Repair faucets
Advise customer
Insulate piping
Insulate piping
Check with gas utility company
SLOW HOT WATER
RECOVERY
1.
Insufficient air
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Flue clogged
Low gas pressure
Improper calibration
Thermostat set too low
Water heater too small
Wrong piping connections
Wasted hot water
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue
way, flue baffle, and burner
Clean flue, locate source and correct
Check with gas utility company
Replace thermostat
Turn temperature dial to desired setting
Install adequate heater
Correct piping-dip tube must be in cold inlet
Advise customer
DRIP FROM RELIEF VALVE
1.
Excessive water pressure
1.
2.
3.
Heater stacking
Closed water system
2.
3.
Use a pressure reducing valve and relief
valve
Lower the thermostat setting
See “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
THERMOSTAT FAILS TO
SHUT OFF
1.
2.
Non-functioning thermostat
Improper calibration
1.
2.
Replace thermostat
Replace thermostat
COMBUSTION ODORS
1.
Insufficient air
1.
2.
3.
Flue clogged
Heater installed in a confined area
2.
3.
Provide ventilation to water heater. Check flue
way, flue baffle, and burner
Clean, locate source and correct
Provide fresh air ventilation
SMOKING AND CARBON
FORMATION (SOOTING)
1.
Flammable vapor incident
1.
Call 1-877-817-6750
CONDENSATION
1.
Temperature setting too low
1.
Increase the temperature setting
BURNER FLAME FLOATS
AND LIFTS OFF PORTS
1.
2.
3.
Orifice too large
High gas pressure
Flue clogged
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Cold drafts
Dirty burner screen
4.
5.
Replace with correct orifice
Check with gas utility company
Clean flue and burner-locate source and
correct
Locate source and correct
Clean burner screen. See “Natural Gas Burner
(Ultra Low Nox)” section of this manual.
FLAME BURNS AT ORIFICE
1.
2.
3.
Non-functioning thermostat
Low gas pressure
Non-functioning burner
1.
2.
3.
Replace thermostat
Check with gas utility company
Replace burner assembly
PILOT FLAME TOO SMALL
1.
2.
3.
Pilot line or orifice clogged
Low gas pressure
Dirty pilot
1.
2.
3.
Clean, locate source and correct
Check with gas utility company
Clean pilot
8.
9.
26
Air in gas line
Dirt in gas lines
Pilot line or orifice clogged
Thermocouple connection loose
Non-functioning thermocouple
Cold drafts
Flammable vapors incident, Flame
LockTM function utilized
Low gas pressure
Air for combustion obstructed
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
PILOT LIGHT TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
Section A: Pilot light will not light.
Is the gas turned on?
NO
YES
Have you bled all the air
from the pilot tube and
gas supply line?
Section B: Pilot light will not remain lit or repeatedly goes out.
Check the manual gas shut-off valve to
see if it is in the open position, if it is open
then contact the gas utility company.
While repeatedly depressing the igniter button,
hold down the reset button until the pilot is lit and
maintains a stable flame, then slowly release the
reset button.
NO
YES
Is the igniter producing a
spark?
Follow the Testing the Igniter System
instructions in this manual.
NO
YES
Is the pilot tube and/or orifice
free from dirt and debris?
Follow the Replacing the Pilot Assembly
instructions found in this manual to access
pilot tube and orifice. Clean as needed and
reinstall pilot tube and orifice.*
NO
YES
Is the pilot free from dirt and
debris?
NO
Is the thermocouple securely
connected to the gas control
valve/thermostat?
YES
Make sure the thermocouple is securely
connected. Finger tighten then give a
additional 1/2 turn with a wrench.
NO
Test the thermocouple using the following procedure: Disconnect the thermocouple
from the gas control valve/thermostat. Using a multimeter with alligator clip leads,
attach the red lead to the body (copper part) of the thermocouple. Attach the black lead
to the end (silver part) of the thermocouple that connects to the gas control valve/
thermostat. Follow the instruction to light the pilot and watch the voltage readings on
the multimeter. After 45 seconds the meter should read 12 millivolts DC or more.*
YES
Replace the thermocouple.
Follow the Cleaning the Pilot Assembly
instructions found in this manual.*
YES
Is the pilot protected from cold
drafts that could prevent it
from lighting.
NO
Eliminate any drafts. See the
“Site Location” instructions found
in this manual.
YES
Remove the burner door assembly. Is
the flame-trap free from dirt or debris?
See “Removing the Burner Door
Assembly” section of the manual for
removal instructions.*
Is the thermocouple fully
seated in the pilot bracket?
YES
NO
Does the thermocouple pass the test? NO
Is the pilot tube and/or orifice
free from dirt and debris?
Follow the Replacing the Pilot Assembly
instructions found in this manual to access
pilot tube and orifice. Clean as needed and
reinstall pilot tube and orifice.*
NO
YES
Is the pilot free from dirt and debris?
Follow the Cleaning the Pilot Assembly
instructions found in this manual.*
NO
YES
NO
Clean the flame-trap
with a soft bristle brush
or vacuum cleaner.
YES
Check the water heater for a Flammable Vapor (FV) event.
If the flame-trap show signs of discoloration, shut-off the gas supply
to the water heater at the manual gas shut-off valve, then contact
Customer Service at: 1-877-817-6750.
Push the thermocouple
forward until it is fully seated in
the pilot bracket and retest.*
Check for insufficient combustion air.
Are there openings for
make-up air to enter the
room?
YES
NO
Install correct size make-up air openings per the
Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation section in
this manual.
Are the openings of sufficient size?
See Combustion Air Supply and Ventilation
section in this manual for requirements.
NO
Correct size of openings to
allow sufficient air.
YES
NO Is there a furnace/air handler in the same room as the water heater?
YES
Does the return air duct for the furnace/
air handler draw its air from a separate
location than the water heater? See the
Location Requirements section and the
Combustion Air Supply section.
NO
Contact a local Heating,
Ventilation, Air-Conditioning
& Refrigeration authorized
service provider.
YES
Is there proper drafting at the
draft hood? See Checking the
Draft section in this manual.
Check the vent system for
restrictions/obstructions and check
the vent termination height. Refer to
the Installation Instructions section of
this manual for specific requirements.
NO
YES
Remove the burner door
assembly. Is the flame-trap and
burner free from debris due to
excessive lint, dirt, dust or oil?
NO
Refer to the Use & Care Guide section
of this manual for information on
cleaning the flame-trap and burner.
YES
Does the flame-trap show signs of discoloration. NO
YES
Shut-off the gas supply to the water heater at
the manual gas shut-off valve, then contact
Customer Service at: 1-877-817-6750.
Replace the gas control
valve/thermostat.*
* This procedure requires the removal of water heater components.
27
REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION
5
Alternate anode
location for top
T&P
4
1
6A
Anode location
for side T&P
6B
2
8
When ordering repair parts always give the following
information:
1. Model, serial, and product number
2. Type of gas
3
10A
7
10B
3. Item number
4. Parts description
9
Repair Parts List
Item
No.
1
DRAFT HOOD
2
REDUCER RING - SOME MODELS
3
FLUE BAFFLE
4
HEAT TRAP (COLD) - SOME MODELS
5
HEAT TRAP (HOT) - SOME MODELS
6A
COLD WATER DIP TUBE
6B
COLD WATER DIP TUBE
7
ANODE ROD
8
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED
TOP OR SIDE)
9
DRAIN VALVE
10A
GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT
10B
GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT
11
OUTER DOOR
12*
PILOT ASSEMBLY (Natural Gas)
13*
BURNER DOOR ASSEMBLY (Natural Gas/Low Nox)
14*
TWO PIECE WIRE CONNECTOR WITH RETAINER CLIP
15*
BURNER DOOR GASKET
16*
VIEWPORT ASSEMBLY
17*
THERMOCOUPLE
18*
PIEZOELECTRIC IGNITER BUTTON
19*
FLEXIBLE MANIFOLD TUBE
*Pictured on next page.
28
11
Parts Description
LEGEND
Special anode rod (see “Anode Rod/Water Odor”
section)
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve is required, but
may not be factory installed
Listed Parts Kits and Illustrations
Item 12: Pilot assembly which contains the pilot assembly and igniter electrode. (Natural Gas)
Item 13: Burner Door assembly which contains the burner, gasket, door, pilot tube, two piece wire connector
with retainer clip, and pilot assembly. (Natural Gas/Low Nox)
Item 14: Contains two piece wire connector and retainer clip
Item 15: Contains burner door gasket
Item 16: Contains viewport
Item 17: Contains thermocouple
Item 18: Contains piezoelectric igniter button
Item 19: Contains flexible manifold tube
Item #12
Item #13
Item #15
Item #16
Item #18
Item #19
Item #14
Item #17
Alternate
Igniter
WHIRLPOOL, FLAME LOCK & DESIGN, and FLAME LOCK are trademarks of Whirlpool, U.S.A. © 2007 Whirlpool Corporation. All rights reserved.
Manufactured under license by American Water Heater Company, Tennessee.
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