Ford 2010 Focus Automobile User Manual

OPERATOR’S
MANUAL
IS1000Z Series
Zero-Turn Riding Mower
Model Number:
IS1000ZKAV21/48
IS1000ZKA2148CE
IS1000ZKAV23/52
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
Description:
IS1000Z, w/ 21 HP Kawasaki & 48” Mower Deck
IS1000Z, w/ 21 HP Kawasaki & 48” Mower Deck (Export)
IS1000Z, w/ 23 HP Kawasaki & 52” Mower Deck
22870
Rev. No. 02
Rev. Date: 7/2003
TP 100-7049-02-1Z-F
FERRIS LIMITED WARRANTY
IMPORTANT
This warranty shall apply ONLY if the warranty registration form has been completed and
returned to Ferris Industries, Inc. within 20 days from the date of delivery.
Ferris Industries, Inc. (Ferris) warrants, in accordance with the provisions below, to the
original purchaser for the period of twenty-four (24) months from the date of delivery of a
Ferris mower that the mower is free from defects in material or workmanship. Ferris’ obligation under this warranty is to repair or replace, at Ferris’ election, without charge and at
the place of business of a dealer authorized to handle Ferris mowers, any part or parts of
the machine which, in the judgment of Ferris, prove to be defective.
THIS WARRANTY AND FERRIS’ OBLIGATION HEREUNDER IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS
FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and all other obligations or liabilities of Ferris for incidental
and consequential damages resulting from the design, manufacture, sale or use of the
machine. No person is authorized to make any warranty or assume for Ferris any liability
not strictly in accordance with this warranty.
This warranty shall not apply to any mower part which, in the judgment of Ferris, has been
altered or tampered with in any way or has been subjected to misuse, neglect or accident,
or has had the serial numbers altered, effaced or removed. This warranty does not apply
to component parts not manufactured by Ferris (motors, batteries, tires, belts) except to
the extent of their individual manufacturer’s guarantees.
Ferris Industries, Inc. is continually striving to improve its products, and therefore reserves
the right to make improvements or change when it becomes practical and possible to do
so, without incurring any obligation to make changes or additions to the equipment sold
previously.
Ferris Industries
5375 North Main Street
Munnsville, NY 13409
800-933-6175
www.ferrisindustries.com
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Troubleshooting, Adjustments & Service .......22
Identification Numbers .......................................2
Safety Rules & Information ................................3
Features & Controls ............................................8
Troubleshooting the Tractor...................................22
Troubleshooting the Mower ...................................23
Seat Adjustment....................................................24
Ground Speed Control Lever Adjustment .............24
Speed Balancing Adjustment................................24
Parking Brake Adjustment ....................................25
Shock Spring Adjustment......................................25
PTO Clutch Adjustment ........................................26
Blade Brake Check ...............................................26
Neutral Position & Return Spring Adjustment.......27
Neutral Adjustment ...............................................28
Cutting Height Adjustment ....................................28
Deck Leveling Adjustment.....................................29
Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement..............30
Mower Belt Replacement......................................30
Battery Service .....................................................31
Checking the Battery Voltage ............................31
Charging A Completely Discharged Battery......31
Jump Starting with
Auxiliary (Booster) Battery .............................31
Control Functions....................................................8
Safety Interlock System ..........................................9
Operating the Tractor ........................................10
General .................................................................10
Checks Before Starting .........................................10
Starting the Engine ...............................................11
Stopping the Rider ................................................11
Mowing..................................................................11
Pushing the Rider by Hand...................................11
Zero Turn Driving Practice ....................................12
Storage..................................................................14
Starting After Long Term Storage .........................14
Regular Maintenance ........................................16
Maintenance Schedule .........................................16
Checking Tire Pressures.......................................16
Checking/Adding Fuel...........................................17
Fuel Filter ..............................................................17
Oil & Filter Change ...............................................17
Check / Change Air FIlter .....................................17
Check Hydraulic Oil Level .....................................17
Lubrication ............................................................18
Battery Maintenance .............................................20
Checking Battery Fluid ......................................20
Cleaning the Battery and Cables.......................20
Servicing the Mower Blades .................................21
Lawn Care & Mowing Information ...............LC-1
International Symbols...................................LC-8
Technical Manuals.........................................LC-8
NOTE: In this manual, “left” and “right” are referred to as
seen from the operating position.
WARNING
WARNING
Engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known, in certain quantities, to cause
cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
You must read, understand and comply with all safety
and operating instructions in this manual before
attempting to set-up and operate your machine.
Failure to comply with all safety and operating
instructions can result in loss of machine control,
serious personal injury to you and / or bystanders,
and risk of equipment and property damage. The
triangle in the text signifies important cautions or
warnings which must be followed.
© Copyright 2003 Ferris Industries
All Rights Reserved. Printed in USA.
TP 100-7049-02-1Z-F
1
Identification Numbers
S
AM
P
SA
MP
MODEL NO.
LE
SERIAL NO.
MASS (kg)
Tractor
identification tag
North American
Models
DATE
LE
POWER (kW)
CE Models
FERRIS INDUSTRIES, INC.
MUNNSVILLE, NY 13409
MADE IN THE USA
When contacting your authorized dealer for replacement parts, service, or information you MUST have
these numbers.
NORTH AMERICAN MODEL REFERENCE DATA
Model Description Name
North American Models: Record your model name/number, serial number, and engine serial numbers in the
space provided for easy access. These numbers can be
found in the location shown.
Unit MODEL Number
Unit SERIAL Number
Mower Deck MODEL Number
Mower Deck SERIAL Number
N/A
CE Models: Record your serial number and date in the
space provided below.
Dealer Name
NOTE: For location of engine identification numbers,
refer to the engine owner’s manual.
N/A
Date Purchased
ENGINE REFERENCE DATA
Engine Make/Model
2
Engine ID/Serial Number
02
Safety Rules
& Information
Read these safety rules and follow them closely. Failure to obey these rules could result in loss of control of unit, severe personal injury or death to you, or bystanders, or damage to property or equipment.
This mowing deck is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. The triangle in
text signifies important cautions or warnings which must be followed.
TRAINING
• The owner/user can prevent and is responsible for
accidents or injuries occurring to themselves, other
people or property.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and
above, are involved in a large percentage of riding
mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely
enough to protect themselves and others from serious injury.
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the
manual and on the unit before starting. If the operator(s) or mechanic(s) can not read English it is the
owner’s responsibility to explain this material to them.
• Become familiar with the safe operation of the equipment, operator controls, and safety signs.
• All operators and mechanics should be trained. The
owner is responsible for training the users.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with
the instructions, to operate the unit.
• Never let children or untrained people operate or
service the equipment. Local regulations may
restrict the age of the operator.
PREPARATION
• Evaluate the terrain to determine what accessories
and attachments are needed to properly and safely
perform the job. Use only accessories and attachments approved by the manufacturer.
• Wear appropriate clothing including safety shoes,
safety glasses and ear protection. Long hair, loose
clothing or jewelry may get tangled in moving parts.
• Inspect the area where the equipment is to be used
and remove all objects such as rocks, toys and wire,
which can be thrown by the machine.
• Use extra care when handling gasoline and other
fuels. They are flammable and vapors are explosive.
a) Use only an approved container.
b) Never remove fuel cap or add fuel with the engine
running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
c) Never refuel or drain the machine indoors.
• Check that operator’s presence controls, safety
switches and shields are attached and functioning
properly. Do not operate unless they are functioning
properly.
00
3
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
OPERATION
• Never operate with guards not securely in place. Be
sure all interlocks are attached, adjusted properly
and functioning properly.
• Never operate with the discharge deflector raised,
removed or altered, unless using a grass catcher.
• Do not change the engine governor setting or overspeed the engine.
• Stop on level ground, lower implements, disengage
drives, engage parking brake, shut off engine before
leaving the operator’s position for any reason including emptying the grass catchers or unclogging the
chute.
• Stop equipment and inspect blades after striking
objects or abnormal vibration occurs. Make necessary repairs before resuming operations.
• Keep hands and feet away from the cutting units.
• Look behind and down before backing up to be sure
of a clear path.
• Never carry passengers and keep pets and
bystanders away.
• Do not operate the unit while under the influence of
alcohol or drugs.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
crossing roads and sidewalks. Stop blades if not
mowing.
• Use care when loading or unloading the machine
into a trailer or truck.
• Use care when approaching blind corners, shrubs,
trees or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Never run an engine in an enclosed area.
• Mow only in the daylight or with good artificial light,
keeping away from holes and hidden hazards.
• Be sure all drives are in neutral and parking brake is
engaged before starting engine. Only start engine
from the operator’s position. Use seat belts if provided.
• Be sure of your footing while using pedestrian controlled equipment, especially when backing up. Walk,
don’t run. Reduced footing could cause slipping.
• Slow down and use extra care on hillsides. Be sure
to travel in the recommended direction on hillsides.
Turf conditions can affect the machines stability. USe
caution when operating near drop-offs.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.
Always look down and behind before and while traveling in reverse.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do
not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher or the deflector in place.
• Slow down and use caution when making turns and
when changing directions on slopes.
• Never raise deck with the blades running.
• Never leave a running unit unattended. Always disengage the PTO, set parking brake, stop engine, and
remove keys before dismounting. Keep hands and
feet away from the cutting units.
• Turn off the PTO switch to disengage the blades
when not mowing.
SLOPE OPERATION
WARNING
Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and
tip-over accidents, which can result in severe injury or
death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot
back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not drive
on it.
Never operate on slopes greater than 20°
(36.4 percent) which is a rise of 7-1/4 feet (220 cm)
vertically in 20 feet (607 cm) horizontally.
Select slow ground speed before driving onto slope.
In addition to front and rear weights, use extra caution
when operating on slopes with rear-mounted grass
catcher.
Mow UP and DOWN the slope, never across the face,
use caution when changing directions and DO NOT
START OR STOP ON SLOPE.
Do
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain
could overturn the unit. Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a slow speed so that you
will not have to stop or change speed while on the
slope.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or other attachments. These can change the stability of the unit.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.
Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.
• See your authorized dealer for recommendations of
available weights to improve stability.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then,
turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The operator could lose footing or balance or
mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced footing or traction could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the unit by putting your foot on
the ground.
• Do not mow excessively steep slopes.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.
Do Not
• Do not start or stop on a slope. If tires lose traction,
disengage the blade(s) and proceed slowly straight
down the slope.
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
4
00
Safety Rules & Information
CHILDREN
EMISSIONS
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to
the presence of children. Children are often attracted to
the unit and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of another responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn unit off if children enter the area.
• Before and during reverse operation, look behind and
down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe unit operation.
• Never allow children to operate the unit.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure
vision.
• Engine exhaust from this product contains chemicals
known, in certain quantities, to cause cancer, birth
defects, or other reproductive harm.
• Look for the relevant Emissions Durability Period and
Air Index information on the engine emissions label.
MAINTENANCE AND STORAGE
• Carefully release pressure from components with
stored energy. (eg. springs)
• Disconnect battery or remove spark plug wire before
making any repairs. Disconnect the negative terminal first and the positive last. Reconnect positive first
and negative last.
• Use care when checking blades. Wrap the blade(s)
or wear gloves, and use caution when servicing
them. Only replace blades. Never straighten or weld
them.
• Keep hands and feet away from moving parts.
• Charge batteries in an open well ventilated area,
away from spark and flames. Unplug charger before
connecting or disconnecting from battery. Wear protective clothes and use insulated tools.
• Keep all parts in good working condition and all
hardware tightened. Replace all worn or damaged
decals.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage, and deterioration, which could expose moving
parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with manufacturer’s
recommended parts, when necessary.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service
as required.
• Use only factory authorized replacement parts when
making repairs.
• Always comply with factory specifications on all settings and adjustments.
• Only authorized service locations should be utilized
for major service and repair requirements.
• Never attempt to make major repairs on this unit
unless you have been properly trained. Improper
service procedures can result in hazardous operation, equipment damage and voiding of manufacturer’s warranty.
• Always observe safe refueling and fuel handling
practices when refueling the unit after transportation
or storage.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for storage preparations before storing the unit for both
short and long term periods.
• Always follow the engine manual instructions for
proper start-up procedures when returning the unit to
service.
• Never store the machine or fuel container inside
where there is an open flame, such as in a water
heater. Allow unit to cool before storing.
• Shut off fuel while storing or transporting. Do not
store fuel near flames or drain indoors.
• Keep all hardware, especially blade attachment bolts,
tight and keep all parts in good working condition.
Replace all worn or damaged decals.
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper operation regularly.
• Disengage drives, lower implement, set parking
brake, stop engine and remove key or disconnect
spark plug wire. Wait for all movement to stop before
adjusting, cleaning or repairing.
• Clean grass and debris from cutting units, drives,
mufflers, and engine to prevent fires. Clean up oil or
fuel spillage.
• Let engine cool before storing and do not store near
flame.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an
object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine
running unless specified otherwise.
• Park machine on level ground. Never allow untrained
personnel to service machine.
• Use jack stands to support components when
required.
00
5
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
Safety Rules & Information
WARNING
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Improper release of
springs can result in serious personal injury.
Spring should be removed by an authorized dealer
only.
Hydraulic fluid escaping under pressure may
have sufficient force to penetrate skin and cause
serious injury.
If foreign fluid is injected into the skin it must be
surgically removed within a few hours by a doctor
familiar with this form of injury or gangrene may
result.
Keep body and hands away from pin holes or nozzles
that eject hydraulic fluid under high pressure. Use
paper or cardboard and not hands to search for leaks.
Make sure all hydraulic fluid connections are tight and
all hydraulic hoses and lines are in good condition
before applying pressure to the system.
If leaks occur, have the unit serviced immediately by
your authorized dealer.
TP 600-7124-00-UV-FD
WARNING
STORED ENERGY DEVICE: Engine Radiator
(Water-Cooled Models Only)
To prevent serious bodily injury from hot coolant or
steam blow-out, never attempt to remove the radiator
cap while the engine is running. Stop the engine and
wait until it is cool. Even then, use extreme care
when removing cap.
6
00
Safety Decals
GENERAL
This unit has been designed and manufactured to provide you with the safety and reliability you would expect
from an industry leader in outdoor power equipment
manufacturing.
The safety decals below are on your unit.
If any of these decals are lost or damaged, replace them
at once. See your local dealer for replacements.
These labels are easily applied and will act as a constant visual reminder to you, and others who may use
the equipment, to follow the safety instructions necessary for safe, effective operation.
Although reading this manual and the safety instructions
it contains will provide you with the necessary basic
knowledge to operate this equipment safely and effectively, we have placed several safety labels on the unit to
remind you of this important information while you are
operating your unit.
NOTE: Engine operation and safety decals are supplied
by the engine manufacturer.
All DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION and instructional
messages on your mower should be carefully read and
obeyed. Personal bodily injury can result when these
instructions are not followed. The information is for your
safety and it is important.
WARNING
DANGER
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
READ OPERATOR'S MANUAL.
DO NOT ALLOW OPERATION OF MACHINERY BY UNTRAINED
PERSONNEL.
KEEP SAFETY DEVICES (GUARDS, SHIELDS, & SWITCHES) IN
PLACE AND WORKING.
DO NOT MOW WHEN CHILDREN OR OTHERS ARE AROUND.
WHEN LEAVING MACHINE, SHUT OFF ENGINE, REMOVE KEY AND
SET PARKING BRAKE.
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH
THROWN OBJECTS AND BLADE CONTACT CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
BE SURE BLADES AND ENGINE ARE STOPPED BEFORE PLACING HANDS OR FEET NEAR BLADES.
DISENGAGE PTO, ENGAGE PARKING BRAKE, SHUT OFF ENGINE AND REMOVE KEY BEFORE MAKING ADJUSTMENTS,
SERVICING, CLEANING OR LEAVING THE MACHINE.
OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE DANGEROUS
IF YOU CANNOT BACK UP A HILL, DO NOT OPERATE ON IT.
AVOID SUDDEN TURNS.
DO NOT MOW SLOPES IF GRASS IS WET.
IF MACHINE LOSES TRACTION ON A SLOPE, STOP THE
BLADES AND PROCEED SLOWLY DOWN THE SLOPE.
AVOID CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING
DO NOT OPERATE THE ENGINE IN UNVENTILATED AREA.
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704276
47171
Decal - Warning/Danger
Part No. 47171
WARNING
BEWARE OF
POWER DRIVEN PARTS
Decal - Warning
Part No. 20337
Decal - Caution
Part No. 46481
02
7
Decal - Danger
Part No. 1704277
Features & Controls
of the Zero Turn Rider
Please take a moment and familiarize
yourself with the name, location, and
function of these controls so that you
will better understand the safety and
operating instructions provided in this
manual.
A
A
C
B
E
H
J
D
K
I
F
G
Figure 1.
Control Locations
CONTROL FUNCTIONS
The information below briefly describes the function of individual controls. Starting, stopping, driving, and mowing
require the combined use of several controls applied in specific sequences. To learn what combination and sequence
of controls to use for various tasks see the OPERATION section.
A. Ground Speed Control Levers
B. Seat Adjustment Lever
These levers control the ground speed of the rider. The
left lever controls the left rear drive wheel and the right
controls the right rear drive wheel.
The seat can be adjusted forward and back. Move the
lever forward, position the seat as desired, and release
the lever to lock the seat in position.
Moving a lever forward increases the FORWARD speed
of the associated wheel, and pulling back on a lever
increases the REVERSE speed.
C. Ignition Switch
The ignition switch starts and stops the engine, it has
three positions:
Note: The further a lever is moved away from the neutral
position the faster the drive wheel will turn.
OFF
Stops the engine and shuts off the
electrical system.
RUN
Allows the engine to run and powers the
electrical system.
START Cranks the engine for starting.
NOTE: Never leave the ignition switch in the RUN position with the engine stopped–this drains the battery.
See the Operating the Zero Turn Rider section for steering instructions.
8
02
Features & Controls
SAFETY INTERLOCK
SYSTEM
D. Parking Brake Handle
The parking brake is applied by pulling UP on the parking brake handle until it locks over-center. To release
the parking brake, push the handle DOWN.
This unit is equipped with safety interlock switches.
These safety systems are present for your safety, do not
attempt to bypass safety switches, and never tamper
with safety devices. Check their operation regularly.
E. PTO Switch
The PTO (Power Take Off) switch engages and disengages the mower. Pull UP on the switch to engage, and
push DOWN to disengage.
Operational SAFETY Checks
F & G. Deck Lift Pedal & Cutting Height
Adjustment Pin
Test 1 — Engine should NOT crank if:
• PTO switch is engaged, OR
• Parking brake is not engaged, OR
• Motion control handles are not in the NEUTRAL
position, OR
• Operator is not on the seat.
These control the cutting height of the mower deck.
Depress the pedal until it locks into the TRANSPORT
position. Place the adjustment pin in the desired cutting
height and release the lift pedal.
Test 2 — Engine SHOULD crank if:
H. Throttle Control
• PTO switch is NOT engaged, AND
• Parking brake is engaged, AND
• Motion control handles are locked in the NEUTRAL
position, AND
• Operator is on the seat.
The throttle controls engine speed. Move the throttle forward to increase engine speed and back to decrease
engine speed. Always operate at FULL throttle.
I. Choke
Test 3 — Engine should SHUT OFF if:
Close the choke for cold starting. Open the choke once
the engine starts. A warm engine may not require choking. Pull the knob up to close the choke.
• Operator rises off seat with PTO engaged, OR
• Operator rises off seat with parking brake disengaged.
• Operator moves motion control handles inward
before disengaging parking brake.
J. Hour Meter
Measures the time of the PTO being engaged.
K. Fuel Shut Off Valve
Test 4 — Blade Brake Check
Turning the handle to the desired position determines
which tank will be supplying fuel. With the handle pointing towards the front, it will draw fuel from the left-hand
tank. With the handle pointed towards the rear, it will
draw fuel from the right-hand fuel tank. With the handle
pointing towards the right, it will shut off fuel flow to the
engine.
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off (or operator rises off seat). If mower
drive belt does not stop within five seconds, see your
dealer.
NOTE: Once the engine has stopped, PTO switch must
be turned off, parking brake must be engaged, and the
motion control handles must be locked in the NEUTRAL
position after the operator returns to the seat in order to
start the engine.
WARNING
If the unit does not pass a safety test, do not
operate it. See your authorized dealer. Under no
circumstance should you attempt to defeat the
purpose of the safety interlock system.
02
9
Operating
the Zero Turn Rider
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
CHECKS BEFORE STARTING
Before first time operation:
• Check that crankcase is filled to full mark on dipstick.
See the engine Operator’s Manual for instructions
and oil recommendations.
• Make sure all nuts, bolts, screws and pins are in
place and tight.
• Adjust the seat position, and make certain you can
reach all controls from operator’s position.
• Fill the fuel tank with fresh fuel. Refer to engine manual for fuel recommendations.
• Be sure to read all information in the Safety and
Operation sections before attempting to operate this
tractor and mower.
• Become familiar with all of the controls and how to
stop the unit.
• Drive in an open area without mowing to become
accustomed to the unit.
WARNING
B
Never allow passengers to ride on the unit.
Before leaving the operator’s position for any
reason, engage the parking brake, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and remove the key.
To reduce fire hazard, keep the engine, tractor and
mower free of grass, leaves and excess grease.
Do not stop or park tractor over dry leaves, grass
or combustible materials.
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Figure 2.
A.
B.
C.
A
C
Pre-start Checks
Fuel Tank Filler Neck
Crankcase Oil Fill
Seat Adjustment Lever
DANGER
OPERATING ON SLOPES CAN BE
DANGEROUS
Never operate on slopes greater than 30 percent
(16.7°) which is a rise of three feet vertically in 10
feet horizontally.
Operate the unit at a slow ground speed when
driving onto slope.
Use extra caution when operating on slopes with
rear-mounted grass catcher. Mow UP and DOWN
the slope, never across the face, use caution
when changing directions and DO NOT START OR
STOP ON SLOPE.
10
00
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
WARNING
MOWING
1. Engage the parking brake. Make sure the PTO
switch is disengaged, the motion control handles are
locked in the NEUTRAL position and the operator is
on the seat.
2. Start the engine (see STARTING THE ENGINE).
3. Set the mower cutting height.
4. Set the throttle to FULL.
5. Engage the PTO by pulling up on the PTO switch (E,
Figure 1).
6. Begin mowing. See Section C for tips on mowing
patterns, lawn care, and trouble shooting information.
7. When finished, shut off the PTO.
8. Stop the engine (see STOPPING THE TRACTOR
AND ENGINE).
If you do not understand how a specific control
functions, or have not yet thoroughly read the
FEATURES & CONTROLS section, do so now.
Do NOT attempt to operate the tractor without
first becoming familiar with the location and
function of ALL controls.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. While sitting in the operator’s seat, engage the parking brake and make sure the PTO switch is disengaged and the motion control handles are locked in
the NEUTRAL position.
2. NOTE: A warm engine may not require choking.
Set the engine throttle control to FAST throttle position. Then fully close the choke by pulling the knob
OUT fully.
3. Insert the key into the ignition switch and turn it to
START.
4. After the engine starts, gradually open the choke
(push knob down fully).
Warm up the engine by running it for at least a minute
before engaging the PTO switch or driving the rider.
PUSHING THE RIDER BY HAND
DO NOT TOW RIDER
Towing the unit will cause hydraulic pump
and wheel motor damage. Do not use
another vehicle to push or pull this unit.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake, turn
the ignition OFF, and remove the key.
2. Lift the seat plate to gain access to the battery compartment and hydraulic pumps.
3. To disengage the pumps (free-wheel position), turn
the hydraulic release valves (A, Figure 3) located on
the pumps COUNTER-CLOCKWISE a maximum of
2 full turns.
4. Disengage the parking brake.
The tractor can now be pushed by hand.
5. After moving the tractor, re-engage the pumps (drive
position) by turning the release valves CLOCKWISE
and tighten to 80-120 in. lbs. of torque.
5. After warming the engine, ALWAYS operate the
unit at FULL THROTTLE when mowing.
In the event of an emergency the engine can be
stopped by simply turning the ignition switch to
STOP. Use this method only in emergency situations.
For normal engine shut down follow the procedure given
in STOPPING THE RIDER.
STOPPING THE RIDER
1. Returning the ground speed control levers (A, Figure
1) to the middle position will stop tractor movement.
Pivot the levers outward and lock them in NEUTRAL.
2. Disengage the PTO by pushing down on the PTO
switch (E, Figure 1).
3. Engage the parking brake by pulling the handle (D,
Figure 1) up until it locks into position.
4. Move the throttle control (H, Figure 1) to mid-throttle
position and turn the ignition key to OFF Remove
the key.
A
Figure 3.
A.
00
11
Hydraulic System By-Pass
Hydraulic Release Valve
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
ZERO TURN
DRIVING PRACTICE
Smooth Travel
The lever controls of the
Zero Turn rider are
responsive .
The lever controls of the Zero Turn rider are responsive,
and learning to gain a smooth and efficient control of the
rider’s forward, reverse, and turning movements will take
some practice.
The BEST method of
handling the ground
speed control levers is in
three steps — as shown
in Figure 4.
Spending some time going through the maneuvers
shown and becoming familiar with how the unit accelerates, travels, and steers — before you begin mowing —
is absolutely essential to getting the most out of the Zero
Turn rider.
FIRST place your hands
onto the levers as shown.
SECOND, to go forward
gradually push the levers
forward with your palms.
Locate a smooth, flat area of your lawn — one with
plenty of room to maneuver. (Clear the area of objects,
people and animals before you begin.) Operate the unit
at mid-throttle during this practice session (ALWAYS
operate at full throttle when mowing), and turn slowly to
prevent tire slippage and damage to your lawn.
THIRD, to speed up
move the levers farther
forward. To slow down
smoothly, slowly move
the levers toward neutral.
We suggest you begin with the Smooth Travel procedure
to the right, and then advance through the forward,
reverse, and turning maneuvers.
You must release the parking brake prior to moving the
control levers inward.
Figure 4. Move Control
Levers Gradually
BASIC DRIVING
Forward Travel Practice
Reverse Travel Practice
Gradually move both ground speed control levers —
evenly FORWARD from neutral. Slow down and repeat.
LOOK DOWN & BEHIND, then gradually move both
ground speed control levers evenly BACK from neutral.
Slow down and repeat.
NOTE: Straight forward travel takes practice. If necessary, top speed can be balance-adjusted — see the
Speed Balancing Adjustment in the Adjustments section
near the back of this manual.
NOTE: Practice backing up for several minutes before
attempting to do so near objects. The rider turns sharply
in reverse as well as forward, and backing up straight
takes practice.
Forward
Travel
Figure 5.
Reverse
Travel
Forward Travel
Figure 6.
12
Forward Travel
00
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
Practice Turning Around a Corner
Practice Turning In Place
While traveling forward allow one handle to gradually
return back toward neutral. Repeat several times.
To turn in place, “Zero Turn,” gradually move one ground
speed control lever forward from neutral and one lever
back from neutral simultaneously. Repeat several times.
NOTE: To prevent pivoting directly on the tire tread, it is
best to keep both wheels going at least slightly forward.
NOTE: Changing the amount each lever is pulled—forward or back, changes the “pivot point” you turn on.
Turning
In-Place
Executing
Turns
Figure 7.
Turning Around a Corner
Figure 8.
Turning in Place
Figure 9.
Executing an End-Of-Row Turn
ADVANCED DRIVING
Executing an End-Of-Row Zero
Turn
Your Zero Turn Rider’s unique ability to turn
in place allows you to turn around at the end
of a cutting row rather than having to stop
and Y-turn before starting a new row.
For example, to execute a left end-of row
Zero Turn:
1. Slow down at the end of the row.
2. Move the RIGHT ground speed control
lever forward slightly while moving the
LEFT ground speed control lever back to
center and then slightly back from center.
3. Begin mowing forward again.
This technique turns the rider LEFT and
slightly overlaps the row just cut —eliminating
the need to back up and re-cut missed grass.
As you become more familiar and experienced with operating the Zero Turn rider, you
will learn more maneuvers that will make
your mowing time easier and more enjoyable.
Remember, the more you practice, the better your control of the Zero Turn will be!
00
13
Operating the Zero Turn Rider
STORAGE
WARNING
Temporary Storage (30 Days Or Less)
Never store the unit, with gasoline in engine or
fuel tank, in a heated shelter or in enclosed,
poorly ventilated enclosures. Gasoline fumes may
reach an open flame, spark or pilot light (such as
a furnace, water heater, clothes dryer, etc.) and
cause an explosion.
Handle gasoline carefully. It is highly flammable
and careless use could result in serious fire
damage to your person or property.
Drain fuel into an approved container outdoors
away from open flame or sparks.
Remember, the fuel tank will still contain some gasoline,
so never store the unit indoors or in any other area
where fuel vapor could travel to any ignition source. Fuel
vapor is also toxic if inhaled, so never store the unit in
any structure used for human or animal habitation.
Here is a checklist of things to do when storing your unit
temporarily or in between uses:
• Keep the unit in an area away from where children
may come into contact with it. If there’s any chance
of unauthorized use, remove the spark plug (s) and
put in a safe place. Be sure the spark plug opening is
protected from foreign objects with a suitable cover.
• If the unit can’t be stored on a reasonable level surface, chock the wheels.
• Clean all grass and dirt from the mower.
10. Drain fuel system completely or add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel system. If you have chosen to use a
fuel stabilizer and have not drained the fuel system,
follow all safety instructions and storage precautions
in this manual to prevent the possibility of fire from
the ignition of gasoline fumes. Remember, gasoline
fumes can travel to distant sources of ignition and
ignite, causing risk of explosion and fire.
NOTE: Gasoline, if permitted to stand unused for
extended periods (30 days or more), may develop
gummy deposits which can adversely affect the engine
carburetor and cause engine malfunction. To avoid this
condition, add a gasoline stabilizer to the fuel tank and
run the engine a few minutes, or drain all fuel from the
unit before placing it in storage.
Long Term Storage (Longer Than 30 Days)
Before you store your unit for the off-season, read the
Maintenance and Storage instructions in the Safety
Rules section, then perform the following steps:
1. Drain crankcase oil while engine is hot and refill with
a grade of oil that will be required when unit is used
again.
2. Prepare the mower deck for storage as follows:
a. Remove mower deck from the unit.
STARTING AFTER LONG TERM
STORAGE
b. Clean underside of mower deck.
c. Coat all bare metal surfaces with paint or light coat
of oil to prevent rusting.
Before starting the unit after it has been stored for a long
period of time, perform the following steps.
3. Clean external surfaces and engine.
4. Prepare engine for storage. See engine owner’s
manual.
5. Clean any dirt or grass from cylinder head cooling
fins, engine housing and air cleaner element.
6. Cover air cleaner and exhaust outlet tightly with plastic or other waterproof material to keep out moisture,
dirt and insects.
7. Completely grease and oil unit as outlined in the
Normal Care section.
8. Clean up unit and apply paint or rust preventative to
any areas where paint is chipped or damaged.
9. Be sure the battery is filled to the proper level with
water and is fully charged. Battery life will be
increased if it is removed, put in a cool, dry place
and fully charged about once a month. If battery is
left in unit, disconnect the negative cable.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
14
Remove any blocks from under the unit.
Install the battery if it was removed.
Unplug the exhaust outlet and air cleaner.
Fill the fuel tank with fresh gasoline. See engine
manual for recommendations.
See engine owner’s manual and follow all instructions for preparing engine after storage.
Check crankcase oil level and add proper oil if
necessary. If any condensation has developed during
storage, drain crankcase oil and refill.
Inflate tires to proper pressure. Check fluid levels.
Start the engine and let it run slowly. DO NOT run at
high speed immediately after starting. Be sure to run
engine only outdoors or in well ventilated area.
00
Notes
00
15
Regular
Maintenance
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE & PROCEDURES
The following schedule should be followed for normal care of your rider and mower. You will need to keep a record of
your operating time. Determining operating time is easily accomplished by observing the elapsed time recorded by
the hour meter.
See
Page
SAFETY ITEMS
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
Check Safety Interlock System
9
●
Check Rider Brakes
22
●
Check Mower Blade Stopping Time
NORMAL CARE ITEMS
23
See
Page
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
●
●
●
●
Before
Before
First Use Each Use
●
Every
Every
Every
5 Hours 25 Hours 100 Hours
●
●
●
●
Check Rider/Mower for loose hardware
—
Check Engine Oil Level
16*
Check Engine Air Filter
16*
Change Engine Oil & Filter **
16*
Lubricate Rider & Mower
17
●
Check Tire Pressure
15
●
***●
Check Hydraulic Fluid
16
●
***●
Check Fuel Filter
16
●
Clean Battery & Cables
17
●
Clean & Sharpen Mower Blades
18
●
Inspect Spark Plug
16*
●
●
Spring
& Fall
Spring
& Fall
●
●
***●
***● Every 50 Hours
●
***●
●
* See the engine manufacturer's owner's manual.
** Change original engine oil after first 5 hours of operation.
*** More often in hot (over 85° F: 30° C) weather or dusty operating conditions.
CHECK TIRE PRESSURES
Tire pressure should be checked periodically, and maintained at the levels shown in the chart. Note that these
pressures may differ slightly from the “Max Inflation”
stamped on the side-wall of the tires. The pressures
shown provide proper traction, improve cut quality, and
extend tire life.
Tire
Front
Pressure
25 psi (172 kPa)
Rear
15 psi (103 kPa)
Figure 10. Checking Tire Pressure
16
02
Regular Maintenance
CHECKING / ADDING FUEL
WARNING
To add fuel:
Gasoline is highly flammable and must be
handled with care. Never fill the tank when the
engine is still hot from recent operation. Do not
allow open flame, smoking or matches in the area.
Avoid over-filling and wipe up any spills.
Do not remove fuel filter when engine is hot, as
spilled gasoline may ignite. DO NOT spread hose
clamps further than necessary. Ensure clamps
grip hoses firmly over filter after installation.
1. Remove the fuel cap (see A, Figure 2).
2. Fill the tank to the bottom of the filler neck. This will
allow for fuel expansion.
NOTE: Do not overfill. Refer to your engine manual for
specific fuel recommendations.
3. Install and hand tighten the fuel cap.
4. Repeat process for other side.
FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter is located in the fuel line between fuel shut
off valve and carburetor, near the fuel pump. If filter is
dirty or clogged, replace as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Do not use gasoline containing METHANOL,
gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
gasoline additives, premium gasoline, or white
gas because engine/fuel system damage
could result.
Shut off the fuel tank selection valve.
Disconnect the negative battery cable.
Place a container below the filter to catch spilled fuel.
Using a pliers, open and slide hose clamps from fuel
filter.
Remove hoses from filter.
Install new filter in proper flow direction in fuel line.
Secure with hose clamps.
Reconnect the negative battery cable when finished.
OIL & FILTER CHANGE
Refer to engine owners manual.
CHECK / CHANGE AIR FILTER
Refer to engine owners manual.
REPLACE SPARK PLUG
Refer to engine owners manual.
CHECK HYDRAULIC OIL LEVEL
1. Before removing the reservoir cap, make sure the
area around the reservoir cap and fill neck of the
reservoir is free of dust, dirt, or other debris.
2. Unscrew the reservoir cap (B, Figure 11).
3. Look down the filler neck of the hydraulic oil reservoir
(A, Figure 11) and observe the oil level. When cold,
the oil level should be level the baffle inside the
reservoir (steel tank) or approximately 1/2” (1,2cm)
below the “FULL HOT” line (plastic tank).
4. If necessary, add either Mobil 1™, 15W-50 synthetic
oil or Castrol Syntec™ 5W-50 oil. DO NOT use conventional oils.
B
A
Figure 11. Checking Hydraulic Oil Level
A.
B.
02
17
Hydraulic Oil Reservoir
Reservoir Cap
Regular Maintenance
LUBRICATION
Lubricate the unit at the locations shown in Figures 12
through 16 as well as the following lubrication points.
Grease:
•
•
•
•
•
•
front caster wheel axles
deck lift pivot blocks
lift rod pivot tubes
mower deck pusher bars
deck lift foot pedal
mower deck idler arm
Use grease fittings when present. Disassemble parts to
apply grease to moving parts when grease fittings are
not installed.
Figure 12. Deck Lift Pedal & Pivots
Not all greases are compatible. Ferris Red Grease
(p/n 22285) is recommended, automotive-type high-temperature, lithium grease may be used when this is not
available.
Oil:
• control handle pivots
• deck lift pivots
• discharge chute hinge
Generally, all moving metal parts should be oiled where
contact is made with other parts. Keep oil and grease
off belts and pulleys. Remember to wipe fittings and
surfaces clean both before and after lubrication.
Figure 13. Deck Lift Linkage Pivots
Figure 14. Deck Lubrication
18
02
Regular Maintenance
RE-PACK
BEARINGS
ANUALLY
Figure 16. Front Caster & Wheel
Figure 15. Control Handle Pivots & Seat Pivots
02
19
Regular Maintenance
BATTERY MAINTENANCE
Checking the Battery Fluid
1. Raise the seat plate to access battery.
2. Remove the battery filler cap(s) (A, Figure 17). Fluid
must be even with the split ring full mark. If not, add
distilled water.
3. Reinstall the filler cap(s).
C
A
B
Cleaning the Battery and Cables
1. Disconnect the cables from the battery, negative
cable first (C).
2. Clean the battery terminals and cable ends with a
wire brush until shiny.
3. Reinstall the battery and reattach the battery cables,
positive cable first (B).
4. Coat the cable ends and battery terminals with petroleum jelly or non-conducting grease.
Figure 17. Battery Compartment
A.
B.
C.
Vent Cap(s)
Positive (+) Cable & Terminal
Negative (-) Cable & Terminal
WARNING
Be careful when handling the battery. Avoid
spilling electrolyte. Keep flames and sparks away
from the battery.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and reconnect
it LAST. If not done in this order, the positive
terminal can be shorted to the frame by a tool.
20
00
Regular Maintenance
SERVICING THE MOWER BLADES
1. Blades should be sharp and free of nicks and dents.
If not, sharpen blades as described in following
steps.
2. To remove blade for sharpening, use a 1” wrench on
the flats of the spindle shaft while removing the blade
mounting bolt with a 15/16” wrench (Figure 18).
3. Use a file to sharpen blade to fine edge. Remove all
nicks and dents in blade edge. If blade is severely
damaged, it should be replaced.
4. Balance the blade as shown in Figure 19. Center the
blade’s hole on a nail lubricated with a drop of oil. A
balanced blade will remain level.
5. Reinstall each blade with the tabs pointing up toward
deck as shown in Figure 20. Secure with a bolt and
flat washer and torque bolts to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.).
LOOSEN
Figure 18. Removing the Blade
WARNING
For your personal safety, blade mounting bolts
must each be installed with a flat washer then
securely tightened. Torque blade mounting bolts
to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.)
Nail
Figure 19. Balancing The Blade
B
A
TIGHTEN
Figure 20. Installing The Blade
A. Blade Bolt
B. Flat Washer
00
21
Troubleshooting
Adjustments & Service
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
While normal care and regular maintenance will extend
the life of your equipment, prolonged or constant use
may eventually require that service be performed to
allow it to continue operating properly.
To avoid serious injury, perform maintenance on
the tractor or mower only when the engine is
stopped and the parking brake engaged.
Always remove the ignition key, disconnect the
spark plug wire and fasten it away from the plug
before beginning the maintenance, to prevent
accidental starting of the engine.
The troubleshooting guide below lists the most common
problems, their causes and remedies.
See the information on the following pages for instructions on how to perform most of these minor adjustments and service repairs yourself. If you prefer, all of
these procedures can be performed for you by your local
authorized dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE RIDER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine will not turnover or start.
1.
2.
1. Engage parking brake.
2. Place in OFF position.
4.
5.
6.
3. If engine is hot, allow it to cool, then refill
the fuel tank.
4. Move choke control to closed position.
5. Replace fuse.
6. Clean the battery terminals
Parking brake not engaged.
PTO (electric clutch) switch
in ON position.
3. Out of fuel.
Engine flooded.
Fuse blown.
Battery terminals require
cleaning.
7. Battery discharged or dead.
8. Wiring loose or broken.
Engine starts hard or runs poorly.
Engine knocks.
Excessive oil consumption.
Engine exhaust is black.
9. Solenoid or starter motor faulty.
10. Safety interlock switch
faulty.
11. Spark plug(s) faulty, fouled
or incorrectly gapped.
12. Water in fuel.
13. Gas is old or stale.
1. Fuel mixture too rich.
2. Spark plug faulty, fouled, or
incorrectly gapped.
1. Low oil level.
2. Using wrong grade oil.
1. Engine running too hot.
2. Using wrong weight oil.
3. Too much oil in crankcase.
1. Dirty air filter.
2. Engine choke control
is in closed position.
22
7. Recharge or replace.
8. Visually check wiring & replace broken or
frayed wires. Tighten loose connections.
9. Repair or replace. See authorized dealer
10. Replace as needed. See authorized
service dealer.
11. Clean and gap or replace.
See engine manual.
12. Drain fuel & refill with fresh fuel.
13. Drain fuel & replace with fresh fuel.
1. Clean air filter. Check choke adjustment.
2. Clean and gap or replace.
(See engine manual.)
1. Check/add oil as required.
2. See engine manual.
1. Clean engine fins, blower screen and
air cleaner.
2. See engine manual.
3. Drain excess oil.
1. Replace air filter. See engine manual.
2. Open choke control.
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
Rider Troubleshooting Continued.
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Engine runs, but rider will
not drive.
1.
1. Turn valve(s) clockwise to close.
Rider drive belt slips.
Brake will not hold.
Rider steers or handles poorly.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
Hydraulic release valve(s)
in “open” position.
Belt is broken.
Drive belt slips.
Brake is not fully released.
Pulleys or belt greasy or oily.
Tension too loose.
3.
1.
2.
1.
2.
Belt stretched or worn.
Brake is incorrectly adjusted.
Brake bands worn.
Steering linkage is loose.
Improper tire inflation.
2. See Drive Belt Replacement.
3. See problem and cause below.
4. See authorized service dealer
1. Clean as required.
2. Adjust spring tension.
See Drive Belt Replacement
3. Replace belt.
1. See Brake Adjustment.
2. Replace with new brake bands.
1. Check and tighten any loose connections.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
TROUBLESHOOTING THE MOWER
PROBLEM
CAUSE
REMEDY
Mower will not raise.
1.
1. See authorized service dealer for repair.
Mower cut is uneven.
1.
2.
Mower cut is rough looking.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Engine stalls easily with
mower engaged.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Excessive mower vibration.
1.
2.
3.
Excessive belt wear or breakage.
Mower drive belt slips
or fails to drive.
Mower does not engage.
00
4.
1.
2.
1.
2.
1.
2.
3.
Lift linkage not properly attached
or damaged.
Mower not leveled properly.
Rider tires not inflated
equally or properly.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Blades are dull.
Mower drive belt slipping
because it is oily or worn.
Blades not properly fastened
to arbors.
Engine speed too slow.
Ground speed too fast.
Cutting height set too low.
Discharge chute jamming
with cut grass.
Blade mounting bolts are loose.
Mower blades, arbors,
or pulleys are bent.
Mower blades are out
of balance.
Belt installed incorrectly.
Bent or rough pulleys.
Using incorrect belt.
Idler pulley spring broken or not
properly attached.
Mower drive belt broken.
Electrical wiring damage.
PTO clutch not adjusted
Battery voltage too low.
23
1. See Mower Adjustment.
2. See Regular Maintenance Section.
1. Set throttle to full.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Sharpen or replace blades.
See Mower Blade Service.
4. Clean or replace belt as necessary.
5. See Servicing the Mower Blades.
1. Set to full throttle.
2. Decrease Ground Speed.
3. Cut tall grass at maximum cutting
height during first pass.
4. Cut grass with discharge pointing toward
previously cut area.
1. Tighten to 70 ft.lbs. (94 N.m.).
2. Check and replace as necessary.
3. Remove, sharpen, and balance blades.
See Maintenance Section.
4. Reinstall Correctly.
1. Repair or replace.
2. Replace with correct belt.
1. Repair or replace as needed.
2. Replace drive belt.
1. Locate & repair damaged wire.
2. See PTO Clutch Adjustment section
3. Recharge battery and check alternator.
See Battery Maintenance section.
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
SEAT ADJUSTMENT
Seat Adjustment
Lever
See Figure 21. The seat can be adjusted forward and
back. Move the lever forward, position the seat as
desired, and release the lever to lock the seat into position.
GROUND SPEED CONTROL LEVER
ADJUSTMENT
The control levers can be adjusted in three ways. The
alignment of the control levers, the placement of the
levers (how close the ends are to one another) and the
height of the levers can be adjusted.
Figure 21. Seat Adjustment
To Adjust the Handle Alignment
Loosen the mount bolts (A, Figure 22) and pivot the
lever(s) (C, Figure 22) to align with each other.
To Adjust the Handle Placement
B
Loosen the jam nuts and adjust the placement bolt (B,
Figure 22) in or out to properly adjust the lever end
spacing.
C
A
To Adjust the Handle Height
Remove the mounting hardware and reposition the handle either up or down from its original position. You will
need to readjust the handle alignment as described
above.
SPEED BALANCING ADJUSTMENT
Figure 22. Control Lever Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
If the rider veers to the right or left when the ground
speed control levers are in the maximum forward position, the top speed of each of these levers can be balanced by turning the adjustment bolt(s) (A, Figure 23).
Only adjust the speed of the wheel that is traveling
faster.
Alignment Hardware
Placement Hardware
Ground Speed Control Lever
To Reduce the Speed of the Faster Wheel
1. Loosen the securing nut.
2. turn the top speed adjustment bolt COUNTERCLOCKWISE to reduce the speed.
3. Retighten the securing nut when adjustment is complete.
B
A
WARNING
DO NOT adjust the tractor for a faster overall
speed forward or reverse than it was designed for.
Figure 23. Top Speed Adjustment
A.
B.
24
Top Speed Adjustment Bolt
Control Lever Base
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT
B
1. Disengage the PTO, stop the engine, block the front
wheels, remove the ignition key, and engage the
parking brake.
2. Jack up the rear of the machine and secure with
jackstands. Remove both drive tires.
3. Locate the brake spring (A, Figure 24).
4. With the parking brake engaged, measure the compressed spring length. The spring should be 115/16” - 2” (4.9 - 5.0cm) when compressed.
5. If the spring is not within this range, release the parking brake and turn the adjustment nut (B, Figure 24)
to compress or release the spring.
A
6. Engage the parking brake and remeasure the spring.
Figure 24. Parking Brake Adjustment
A.
B.
Brake Spring
Adjustment Nut
SHOCK SPRING ADJUSTMENT
INCREASE
The shock assembly can be adjusted to vary the amount
of pre-load applied to the springs. This allows the operator to customize the ride according to operator’s weight
and/or operating conditions.
DECREASE
Spanner
Wrench
Location
Less Pre-Load:
• Light operator weight
• Softer, more cushioned ride
• Best for relatively flat terrain
More Pre-Load:
• Heavy operator weight
• Stiffer, more rigid ride
• Better handling and greater stability on hilly terrain
Figure 25. Shock Spring Adjustment
To adjust the spring pre-load:
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
2. See Figure 25. Using the supplied spanner wrench
(p/n 22853), insert the tip of the wrench into the
notch in the pre-load adjuster. While holding the
wrench in place with one hand, turn CLOCKWISE to
increase the pre-load, turn COUNTER-CLOCKWISE
to decrease the pre-load. Make sure both shocks
are set to the same amount of pre-load.
00
WARNING
Use two hands when adjusting the shock springs.
This will prevent the wrench from slipping while
pressure is being applied.
25
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
A
B
B
B
C
Figure 27. Adjust PTO Clutch
B
A.
B.
C.
A
Window
Adjustment Nut
.016”-.018” (0.40-0.45mm) Feeler Gauge
Figure 26. PTO Clutch Adjustment
A.
B.
Adjustment Window (Qty. 3, one shown)
Adjustment Nut
PTO CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
WARNING
Check the PTO clutch adjustment after the initial 50 hour
break-in period and then after every 250 hours of operation. Also perform the following procedure if the clutch is
slipping or will not engage, or if a new clutch has been
installed.
To avoid serious injury, perform adjustments only
with engine stopped, key removed and tractor on
level ground.
Blade Brake Check
1. Remove key from ignition switch and disconnect
spark plug wires to prevent the possibility of accidental starting while the PTO is being adjusted.
2. See Figure 26. Note the position of the 3 adjustment
windows (A) in the side of the brake plate and the
nylock adjustment nuts (B).
3. Insert a .016”-.018” (0.40-0.45mm) feeler gauge (C)
through each window, positioning the gauge between
the rotor face and the armature face as shown in
Figure 27.
4. Alternately tighten the adjustment nuts (B, Figure 26)
until the rotor face and armature face just contacts
the gauge.
5. Check the windows for an equal amount of tension
when the gauge is inserted and removed, and make
any necessary adjustments by tightening or loosening the adjustment nuts.
NOTE: The actual air gap between the rotor and armature may vary even after performing the adjustment procedure. This is due to dimensional variations on component parts, and is an acceptable condition.
Mower blades and mower drive belt should come to a
complete stop within five seconds after electric PTO
switch is turned off.
1. With parking brake engaged, PTO disengaged and
an operator in the seat, start the engine engine.
2. Have an assistant observe the mower drive belt
through the open end of the left-hand arbor cover.
Engage the PTO and wait several seconds.
Disengage the PTO and check the amount of time it
takes for the mower drive belt to stop.
3. If the mower drive belt does not stop within five seconds, perform the PTO Clutch Adjustment. If the belt
still does not stop within 5 seconds, see your dealer.
6. Check the mower blade stopping time. The mower
blades and mower drive belt should come to a complete stop within five seconds after the electric PTO
switch is turned off.
26
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
NEUTRAL POSITION AND RETURN
SPRING ADJUSTMENT
A
To determine if it is necessary to adjust the neutral position, perform the following steps.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
2. Move the ground speed control levers in the operating position, pull levers rearward and release.
3. Move the ground speed control levers towards the
neutral position. If the levers do not align with the
notches in the neutral lock plate, it is necessary to
adjust the reverse return bolts (A, Figure 28).
B
C
D
Neutral Position Adjustment
1. Loosen the jam nut (D) locked against the clevis.
2. Turn the reverse return bolt (A) clockwise to adjust
handle rearward, counter-clockwise to adjust handle
forward.
4. Pull lever rearward and release to check position
again. Adjust as necessary to align levers with
notches.
5. Once the lever alignment has been adjusted, lock
jam nut against the clevis.
Figure 28. Neutral Spring Return Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
D.
Return Spring Adjustment
After adjusting the neutral position, lock the levers in the
neutral position and measure the reverse return spring
(B) length. This should be 2-3/8” long. If not, hold the
reverse return bolt (A) with a wrench while turning the
spring position nut (C) until the measurement is
achieved.
00
27
Reverse Return Bolt
Reverse Return Spring
Spring Position Nut
Jam Nut
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
NEUTRAL ADJUSTMENT
If the tractor “creeps” while the ground speed control
levers are locked in NEUTRAL, than it may be necessary to adjust the linkage rod.
NOTE: Perform this adjustment on a hard, level surface
such as a concrete floor.
1. Disengage the PTO, engage the parking brake and
turn off the engine.
2. There are three (3) nuts on the linkage rod. The first
two are to be used together to turn the rod and the
third (towards the front of the machine) is used to
lock the rod in place. Loosen the jam nut that locks
against the clevis (B, Figure 29) and turn the linkage
rod (A, Figure 29) to adjust. If the machine creeps
forward, turn the rod CLOCKWISE (while standing at
the rear of the machine, facing forward), if the
machine creeps backward, turn the rod COUNTERCLOCKWISE.
3. Lock the jam nut (B, Figure 29) against the clevis
when neutral is achieved.
NOTE: This adjustment should not be performed while
the machine is running. It may take several attempts to
achieve neutral, depending upon how much the machine
creeps.
B
A
Figure 29. Neutral Adjustment
(LH side shown with battery removed)
A. Adjustment Linkage Rod
B. Nuts
CUTTING HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT
B
The cutting height adjustment pin (A, Figure 30) controls
the mower cutting height. The cutting height is
adjustable between 1-1/2” (3.8cm) and 4-1/2” (11.4cm)
in 1/4” (.64cm) increments.
Depress the deck lift foot pedal (B, Figure 30), placing
the majority of the force on the top edge of the pedal
until it locks into the “TRANSPORT” position. Place the
cutting height adjustment pin in the desired cutting
height. Depress the deck lift foot pedal, placing the
majority of the force on the bottom edge of the pedal to
release the pedal from the “TRANSPORT” position.
47138
C
A
Figure 30. Cutting Height Adjustment
A.
B.
C.
28
Cutting Height Adjustment Pin
Deck Lift Foot Pedal
Cutting Height Selection Decal
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
DECK LEVELING ADJUSTMENT
1. Park machine on a flat, level surface. Disengage the
PTO, stop the engine and engage the parking brake.
Rear tires must be inflated to 15 psi (103 kPa); front
tires to 25 psi (172 kPa).
2. Place the deck height adjustment pin in the 4" position.
3. Place 2 x 4 blocks under each front corner of the
mower deck with the 3-1/2” sides being vertical.
4. Place 2 x 4 blocks under each of the rear edge of the
mower deck near the chains with the 3-1/2” sides
being vertical. Place a 1/4” spacer on top of the rear
2 x 4’s.
5. See Figure 31. Measure the distance between the
lift pivots and the spring rod pivots. Adjust the 5/8”
hex nuts on either side of the front spring rod pivot
until the measurements are equal.
6. See Figure 32. Measure the distance between the
rear lift pivots and the suspension-mounted lift pivots.
Add or remove 5/8” SAE washers from in between
the deck lift rod and the offset link until measurements are equal.
7. Adjust the front U-bolts until the chains are tight and
the deck is still resting on the 2 x 4’s. Tighten jam
nuts. See Figure 33.
8. Loosen the nuts and allow the rear of the deck to
rest on the 2 x 4’s and 1/4” spacers. Slide the chains
down in the slots until the chains are tight and tighten the nuts. See Figure 33.
9. Remove all 2 x 4 blocks from under the mower deck.
10. With the deck height adjustments complete and cutting height still set at 4", adjust the deck lift spring to
a compressed length of 12-1/4" (measure spring
only). Adjust the length of the deck lift spring by
tightening or loosening the (2) 5/8” hex nuts that are
closest to the spacer at the front end of the spring
(see Figure 33). After adjustment is made, tighten
these two nuts together. Perform this step to both
springs.
Adjust Here
nd
e2
r
su
t
a
Me
e
ur
1s
as
Me
Figure 31. Spring Rod Adjustment
Add / Remove
5/8" SAE Washers
nd
e2
r
su
a
Me
e
ur
t
1s
as
Me
Figure 32. Lift Rod Adjustment
4"
-1/
12
Adjust Here
Adjust Here
Adjust Here
Figure 33. Deck Level & Spring Length Adjustment
00
29
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
HYDRAULIC PUMP DRIVE BELT
REPLACEMENT
FRONT
B
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2. Remove the PTO drive belt (see MOWER BELT
REPLACEMENT for removal instructions).
3. Loosen the nut towards the front of the machine on
the spring anchor hook (H, Figure 34) to release the
majority of the belt tension. Use caution and remove
the nut to completely release the tension.
4. Remove the old belt and replace it with the new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the grooves
of the crankshaft pulley and pump pulleys (B & C,
Figure 34).
5. Reinstall the anchor hook (H, Figure 34) into the
anchor tab and loosely fasten the nut. Adjust the
spring until a measurement of 7-3/4” is achieved
from the outside if the spring hooks. Tighten nut.
6. Reinstall the PTO drive belt.
E
A
F
D
7-3/4”
C
C
H
G
Figure 34. Hydraulic Pump Drive Belt Replacement
A.
B.
C.
D.
Pump Drive Belt
Crankshaft Pulley
Pump Pulley
Idler Pulley (stationary)
B
MOWER BELT REPLACEMENT
E.
F.
G.
H.
Idler Pulley
Idler Arm
Spring
Spring Anchor Hook
A
To avoid damaging belts, DO NOT
PRY BELTS OVER PULLEYS.
1. Park the tractor on a smooth, level surface such as a
concrete floor. Disengage the PTO, engage the
parking brake, turn off the engine, and remove the
ignition key.
2. Remove the floor plate to gain access to the PTO
drive belt.
3. Loosen the spring compression nut (B, Figure 35) to
release the belt tension.
4. Slide the drive belt over the edge of the idler pulley
and then slide the belt under the idler pulley. Drop
the belt from the PTO clutch pulley groove.
5. Remove the old belt and replace with a new one.
Make sure the V-side of the belt runs in the pulley
grooves (Figure 36).
6. Install the drive belt on the PTO pulley, the spindle
pulleys and idler pulleys. Tighten the spring compression nut (B, Figure 35) until the belt tension
spring (A, Figure 35) is compressed to 1-5/8”
(4,12cm) long.
7. Run the mower under no-load condition for about 5
minutes to break-in the new belt.
Figure 35. Mower PTO Belt
A.
B.
Belt Tension Spring
Spring Compression Nut
D
B
C
A
A
D
A
Figure 36. Mower PTO Belt Routing
A.
B.
30
Spindle Pulley
PTO Drive Belt
C. Spring-loaded Idler Pulley
D. Stationary Idler Pulley
00
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
BATTERY SERVICE
Jump Starting With Auxiliary (Booster)
Battery
WARNING
Jump starting is not recommended. However, if it must
be done, follow these directions. Both booster and discharged batteries should be treated carefully when using
jumper cables. Follow the steps below EXACTLY, being
careful not to cause sparks. Refer to Figure 37.
Keep open flames and sparks away from the
battery; the gasses coming from it are highly
explosive. Ventilate the battery well during
charging.
1. Both batteries must be of the same voltage.
2. Position the vehicle with the booster battery adjacent
to the vehicle with the discharged battery so that
booster cables can be connected easily to the batteries in both vehicles. Make certain vehicles do not
touch each other.
3. Wear safety glasses and shield eyes and face from
batteries at all times. Be sure vent caps are tight.
Place damp cloth over vent caps on both batteries.
4. Connect positive (+) cable to positive post of discharged battery (wired to starter or solenoid).
5. Connect the other end of same cable to same post
marked positive (+) on booster battery.
6. Connect the second cable negative (-) to other post
of booster battery.
7. Make final connection on engine block of stalled
vehicle away from battery. Do not lean over batteries.
8. Start the engine of the vehicle with the booster battery. Wait a few minutes, then attempt to start the
engine of the vehicle with the discharged battery.
9. If the vehicle does not start after cranking for thirty
seconds, STOP PROCEDURE. More than thirty seconds seldom starts the engine unless some mechanical adjustment is made.
10. After starting, allow the engine to return to idle
speed. Remove the cable connection at the engine
or frame. Then remove the other end of the same
cable from the booster battery.
11. Remove the other cable by disconnecting at the discharged battery first and then disconnect the opposite end from the booster battery.
12. Discard the damp cloths that were placed over the
battery vent caps.
Checking Battery Voltage
A voltmeter can be used to determine condition of battery. When engine is off, the voltmeter shows battery
voltage, which should be 12 volts. When engine is running, the voltmeter shows voltage of charging circuit
which normally is 13 to 14 volts.
A dead battery or one too weak to start the engine may
not mean the battery needs to be replaced. For example, it may mean that the alternator is not charging the
battery properly. If there is any doubt about the cause of
the problem, see your dealer. If you need to replace the
battery, follow the steps under Cleaning the Battery &
Cables in the Regular Maintenance Section.
Charging a Completely Discharged Battery
1. Be aware of all the safety precautions you should
observe during the charging operation. If you are
unfamiliar with the use of a battery charger and
hydrometer, have the battery serviced by your dealer.
2. Add distilled water sufficient to cover the plate (fill to
the proper level near the end of the charge). If the
battery is extremely cold, allow it to warm before
adding water because the water level will rise as it
warms. Also, an extremely cold battery will not
accept a normal charge until it becomes warm.
3. Always unplug or turn the charger off before attaching or removing the clamp connections.
4. Carefully attach the clamps to the battery in proper
polarity (usually red to [+] positive and black to [-]
negative).
5. While charging, periodically measure the temperature of the electrolyte. If the temperature exceeds
125° F (51.6° C), or if violent gassing or spewing of
electrolyte occurs, the charging rate must be reduced
or temporarily halted to prevent battery damage.
6. Charge the battery until fully charged (until the specific gravity of the electrolyte is 1.250 or higher and
the electrolyte temperature is at least 60° F). The
best method of making certain a battery is fully
charged, but not over charged, is to measure the
specific gravity of a cell once per hour. The battery is
fully charged when the cells are gassing freely at low
charging rate and less than 0.003 change in specific
gravity occurs over a three hour period.
00
31
Troubleshooting, Adjustment & Service
THIS HOOK-UP FOR NEGATIVE GROUND VEHICLES
To
Starter
Switch
To
Starter
Switch
Jumper Cable
Starting
Vehicle
Battery
Discharged
Vehicle
Battery
Jumper Cable
To Ground
Engine
Block
MAKE CERTAIN VEHICLES DO NOT TOUCH
Figure 37. Jump Starting
WARNING
WARNING
Any procedure other than the preceding could
result in:
(1) personal injury caused by electrolyte
squirting out the battery vents,
(2) personal injury or property damage due to
battery explosion,
(3) damage to the charging system of the
booster vehicle or of the immobilized
vehicle.
Do not attempt to jump start a vehicle having a
frozen battery because the battery may rupture or
explode. If a frozen battery is suspected, examine
all fill vents on the battery. If ice can be seen or if
the electrolyte fluid cannot be seen, do not
attempt to start with jumper cables as long as the
battery remains frozen.
For your personal safety, use extreme care when
jump starting. Never expose battery to open flame
or electric spark – battery action generates
hydrogen gas which is flammable and explosive.
Do not allow battery acid to contact skin, eyes,
fabrics, or painted surfaces. Batteries contain a
sulfuric acid solution which can cause serious
personal injury or property damage.
When removing or installing battery cables,
disconnect the negative cable FIRST and
reconnect it LAST. If not done in this order, the
positive terminal can be shorted to the frame by a
tool.
To avoid engine damage, do not disconnect
battery while engine is running. Be sure terminal
connections are tight before starting.
32
00
Lawn Care
& Mowing Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Proper mowing is an important part of maintaining your
lawn in the best possible condition. A healthy and well
maintained lawn is better able to resist drought, weeds,
and other stresses. But too much maintenance is as
detrimental to your lawn as neglect. Proper care for your
lawn involves more than just “cutting the grass.” To have
a healthy lawn, you need to know:
Types of Grass, Climate and Conditions
How and When to Water, Fertilize & Aerate
How High to Mow the Grass
When and How Often to Mow
What Mowing Patterns to Use
Proper Mowing Methods
How to Solve Common Mowing Problems
TYPES OF GRASS, CLIMATE AND
CONDITIONS
A variety of grasses are commonly grown in household
lawns, but two main groups known as cool-season
grasses (varieties of bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescue),
and warm-season grasses (typically bermuda, buffalo
grass, and zoysia varieties) are the most common.
The cool-season grasses are better suited to cooler climates, and do not endure hot and dry weather as well as
warm-season grasses, but conversely, the warm-season
grasses do not grow as well in cooler climates. Most residential lawns are typically seeded with a mixture of these
grasses. (A local nursery or lawn center may help you to
identify what kind of grass your lawn contains from a
sample.)
Knowing your climate and conditions is also important to
proper lawn care. Drier climates or conditions will require
additional watering, while wetter climates may require
more frequent mowing.
HOW AND WHEN TO WATER,
FERTILIZE & AERATE
The best method of watering a lawn is to imitate a slow,
soaking rain, applying about 1 inch of water. A method
of verifying the amount that you have watered, is to place
several empty tin cans (low shallow cans work best) in
various spots around the lawn, and check the depth of
water in the can during the watering process.
HOW TO FERTILIZE YOUR LAWN
Every lawn’s watering needs are unique and are dependent upon the type of grass and soil, the amount of local
rainfall, and other conditions. Most lawns are watered
too often, but with too little water. However too much
water can allow development of diseases with your lawn.
It is best to water the lawn only when necessary, and
then to water it slowly, evenly, and deeply—imitating
a slow, soaking rain.
WHEN TO WATER YOUR LAWN
When the lawn begins to wilt, the grass’s color dulls, or
footprints stay compressed for more than a few seconds,
the lawn is beginning to dry out, and needs additional
moisture. The best time to water is early morning to allow
the water to soak deeply into the lawn and reduce the
amount that evaporates in the hot afternoon sun.
TP 600-7000-01-UV-FD
HOW TO WATER YOUR LAWN
Fertilizing with a slow-release fertilizer provides missing
nutrients which help create slow, even growth. While
opinions vary on the need for fertilizing, when and how
much to fertilize will be more a factor of the condition of
the lawn and soil than any routine. Remember that overfertilizing can cause harm, and that most fertilizing
should be applied in the spring so that it will release into
the lawn through the summer. For more information,
check with a local nursery or lawn care specialist, and
read and follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions.
AERATING YOUR LAWN
Consider aerating your lawn in spring. Using an aerator
to remove cores of soil from the lawn increases the
speed of clipping decomposition and encourages deeper
root growth by opening up the soil and permitting greater
movement of water, fertilizer and air.
LC-1
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
HOW HIGH TO
MOW THE GRASS
Cut less than
1/3
Often cutting height is a
matter of personal preference. Typically, you should
mow the grass when it is is
between three and five
inches high. The proper
cutting height range for a
specific lawn will depend
upon several factors,
including the type of grass,
the amount of rainfall, the
prevailing temperature, and
the lawn’s overall condition.
Optimal
cutting point
at less than
1/3 from top
of grass blade
Cutting down to this
area contributes to
thatch problems
Cutting the grass too short
causes weak, thin grass
plants, which are easily
damaged by dry periods
and pests. Cutting too short
is often more damaging
than allowing the grass to be slightly higher.
Letting grass grow a bit longer—especially when it is hot and
dry—reduces heat build-up, preserves needed moisture and
protects the grass from heat damage and other problems.
However, allowing grass to grow too high can cause thin turf
and additional problems.
1/3
Cutting off too much at one time shocks the plant’s growth
system and weakens the grass plants. A good rule of
thumb is the 1/3 rule: to cut no more than one third of
the grass height, and never more than 1 inch at a time.
The amount of grass you are able to cut in one pass is also
effected by the type of mowing system you are using (for
example, broadcasting with side discharge decks can
process a much larger volume of grass than mulching does).
NOTE: We cover some specific mowing instructions for
mulching and broadcasting later in this Lawn Care section.
Cut Here On
First Pass
Cut
Here On
Second
Pass
1 inch
Proper Cutting Height
Tall Grass Requires Incremental Cutting
For extremely tall grass, set the cutting height at maximum for the first pass, and then reset it to the desired
height and mow a second or third time.
Don’t cover the grass surface with a heavy layer of
clippings. Consider using a grass collection system
and starting a compost pile.
LC-2
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
WHEN AND HOW OFTEN TO MOW
The time of day and condition of the grass greatly affect
the results you’ll get when mowing. For the best results,
follow these guidelines:
l Mow when the grass is between three and five inches
high.
l Mow with sharp blades. Short clippings of grass one
inch or shorter decompose more quickly than longer
blades. Sharp mower blades cut grass cleanly and
efficiently, preventing frayed edges which harm the
grass.
l Mow at time of day when the grass is cool and dry.
Late afternoon or early evening often provide these
ideal mowing conditions.
l Avoid mowing after rain or even heavy dew, and
never mulch when the grass is wet (moist grass does
not mulch well, and clumps beneath the mower
deck).
WHAT MOWING PATTERNS TO USE
Where possible, make one or two passes around the
outside of the area discharging the grass INTO the lawn
to keep the cut grass off fences and walks.
Always start mowing on a smooth, level area.
The size and type of area to be mowed will determine
the best mowing pattern to use. Obstructions such as
trees, fences and buildings, and conditions such as
slopes and grades must also be considered.
l Cut long straight strips overlapping slightly.
l Where possible, change patterns occasionally to
eliminate matting, graining or a corrugated appearance.
l For a truly professional cut, mow across the lawn in
one direction, then recut the lawn by mowing perpendicular to the previous cut.
Note: Always operate the engine at full throttle when
mowing.
The remainder of the mowing should be done in the
opposite direction so that the clippings are dispersed
OUT onto the area of lawn previously cut.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems. Use an appropriate ground speed for
the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd
gear or slower for manual gear models). If you hear the
engine slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a
slower ground speed.
LC-3
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
MOWING METHODS
Proper Broadcast Mowing
Broadcasting, or side-discharging, disperses fine clippings evenly over the entire lawn. Many golf courses use
this method. Your mower has a deep dish deck to allow
freer circulation of clippings so they are broadcast evenly
over the lawn.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Always operate the engine at full throttle when mowing.
If you hear the engine slowing down, you are mowing too
fast—using a slower ground speed will improve the cutting efficiency of the blades and prevents many common
cutting problems.
slowing down you are mowing too fast, use a slower
ground speed.
ALWAYS use an appropriate ground speed for the thickness and height of the grass you are cutting (3rd gear or
slower for manual gear models). If you hear the engine
Mow when the grass is 3-5 inches long. Do not cut the
grass shorter than 2 to 2-1/2 inches. Do not cut off more
that 1 inch of grass in a single pass.
HOW MUCH GRASS TO CUT OFF WHEN BROADCASTING
Proper Mulching
HOW MUCH GRASS TO MULCH
Mulching consists of a mower
Mulching
Action
deck which cuts and recuts clipThe best mulching action typicalpings into tiny particles and
ly results from cutting only the
which then blows them down
top 1/2 inch to 3/4 inch of grass
INTO the lawn. These tiny partiblade. This provides short clipcles decompose rapidly into bypings which decompose properly
products your lawn can use.
(much more quickly than longer
UNDER PROPER CONDIclippings). The ideal cutting
TIONS, your mulching mower will virtually eliminate
height will vary with climate, time of year, and quality of
noticeable clippings on the lawn surface.
your lawn. We recommend that you experiment with both
the cutting height and ground speed until you achieve
NOTE: When mulching under heavy cutting conditions, a
the best cut. Start with a high cutting height and using
rumbling sound may be present and is normal.
progressively lower settings until you find a cutting height
MULCHING REQUIRES EXCELLENT MOWING
that is matched to your mowing conditions and preferCONDITIONS
ences.
Mulching mowers cannot function properly if the grass is
wet, or if the grass is simply to high to cut. Even more
than normal mowing, mulching requires that the grass be
dry and the the appropriate amount is cut.
Do not use the mower as a mulching mower during the
first two or three mowings in the spring. The long grass
blades, quick growth, and often wetter conditions are
more suitable for broadcasting (side-discharging) or
grass bagging operation.
ENGINE SPEED & GROUND SPEED FOR BROADCASTING
Use full engine throttle matched with a slow ground
speed so that clippings will be finely cut. Ground speed
while mulching should be HALF of the speed that would
be used when broadcasting (side discharging) under
similar conditions. Since mulching requires more horsepower than broadcasting, using a slower ground speed is
vitally important for proper mulching operation.
LC-4
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
TIPS On Dealing With Clippings
Clippings are beneficial to your lawn. A common misconception about clippings is that they automatically
lead to thatch—this is untrue. Short clippings produced
by broadcasting and clippings produced by mulching
methods actually contribute to a healthy lawn
because they:
COMPOSTING
The best way to recycle excess clippings and leave your
lawn looking immaculate is to collect them with an efficient collection system and deposit them in a compost
pile. A compost pile is a collection of grass, leaves, and
other organic wastes which—when properly tended—
decompose into an odorless, topsoil material. This
material, in turn, acts as an inexpensive fertilizer for your
lawn and garden.
How to start a healthy compost pile:
1 Build a bin using bricks, fencing, cement blocks, etc. or purchase a prefabricated bin from a garden store. The bin
should also have venting on each side and from the bottom
to the top.
2 Fill the bin with alternating layers of yard waste. Follow this
recipe:
First layer: 3-4 inches of chopped brush or other coarse
material.
Second layer: 6-8 inches of mixed leaves, grass clippings,
sawdust, etc. Materials should be "sponge damp."
Third layer: 1 inch of soil to add micro-organisms that help
break down organic matter.
Fourth layer: 1-2 inches of manure to provide the nitrogen
needed by micro-organisms.
Keep adding layers until the bin is almost full. Top off with
a 4-6 inch layer of straw and scoop out a "basin" to catch
rain water.
3 Four or five days later the pile will reach temperatures of
140-160 degrees. At this time you'll notice it settling, a
good sign your compost is working properly.
4 After 5-6 weeks, fork materials into a new pile, turning the
outside of the old heap into the center of the new one. Add
water if necessary. The compost should be ready to use
within three to four months when dark brown, crumbly, and
earthy-smelling.
LC-5
•
•
•
•
Reduce the evaporation of water from your lawn.
Provide a cushioning layer to reduce lawn wear.
Moderate soil temperature.
Clippings act as a safe, non-polluting and inexpensive fertilizer that nourishes your lawn. Fresh cut
grass blades are 85% water, and are a rich source
of nitrogen which is essential to lush growth. And
one garbage bag of clippings contains about 1/4 lb.
of usable organic nitrogen.
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
SOLUTIONS FOR COMMON MOWING PROBLEMS
Streaking
Streaking
Streaking is when thin strips of uncut grass are left
behind the mower. Streaking is usually caused by
operator error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Not overlapping cutting rows enough
Not overlapping enough when turning
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
Overlap your cutting rows
When turning your effective cutting width
decreases–overlap more when turning
Stepped Cutting
Stepped Cutting
Stepped cutting is sharp ridges or uneven levels left in
the lawn surface. Stepped cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment, or damage to
mower blades.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tires are not properly inflated
Blades are damaged
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Check and inflate the tires
Replace the blades
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
LC-6
Lawn Care & Mowing Information
Uneven Cutting
Uneven Cutting
Uneven cutting is waviness or smooth troughs in the
lawn surface. Uneven cutting is usually caused by
mower deck damage or misadjustment.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Deck is not leveled correctly
Blades are dull or worn
Blades are damaged
Deck is clogged with grass clippings
Deck shell is damaged
Mower spindle is bent or loose
Blades are installed incorrectly
Level the deck correctly
Sharpen or replace the blades
Replace the blades
Clean out the deck
Repair or replace the deck
Repair or replace the spindle
Reinstall the blades correctly
Scalping
Scalping
Scalping is when the mower deck comes close to or hits
the ground. Scalping can be caused by the mower deck
misadjustment, unevenness in the lawn, or by mower
deck bouncing because the ground speed is too fast.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Lawn is uneven or bumpy
Mower deck cutting height is set too low
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is not leveled correctly
Tire pressure is low or uneven
Roll or level the lawn
Raise the cutting height
Slow down
Correctly level the deck
Check and inflate the tires
Stingers
Stingers
Stingers are sparse patches of uncut grass left behind
the mower. Stingers are usually caused by operator
error or poor blade maintenance.
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Blades are not sharp or are nicked
Blades are worn down too far
Engine speed is too slow
Ground speed is too fast
Deck is plugged with grass
Sharpen your blades
Replace your blades
Always mow at full throttle
Slow down
Clean out the mower
LC-7
Common International Symbols
PTO Clutch
Choke
Fast (Throttle)
Parking Brake
Slow (Throttle)
Brake
Throttle
Mower Cutting
Height Adjustment
Fuel
Headlights
Technical Manuals
Additional Technical Literature Available
Operators Manuals
Additional copies of this manual are available, (and as part
of our product support commitment, we maintain a stock of
printed operators manuals going back many years!)
Parts Manuals
Fully illustrated parts manuals are also available —
these manuals show all of the product’s components in
exploded views (“3D” illustrations which show the relationship of
the parts and how they go together), as well as giving the replacement part numbers and quantities used. Important assembly notes and
special torque values are included in these manuals.
For the applicable manuals currently available for
your model, contact your local dealer. Have the
information listed in the box at the right available
when making your request.
Model:
Serial No.:
Your Name:
Address:
City, State, Zip:
Visa/Mastercard No.:
Card Expiration Date:
LC-8
Notes
LC-9