Ford FCS-12141-12 Automobile Accessories User Manual

2012 WRECKER TOWING MANUAL
NOTICE: Always consult the tow equipment
manufacturer, for specific instructions, on how to
operate their equipment.
ABOUT THIS WRECKER TOWING MANUAL
Ford Motor Company salutes and applauds the towing
industry for many fine years of service to the automotive
industry. We will continue to work to provide our
customers with guidelines.
To prevent damage to the vehicle, it is the tow
equipment operator’s responsibility to evaluate and
adjust to the specific towing conditions.
If a vehicle has been modified, consult the
equipment modifier or supplier for the specific
towing instruction.
This manual contains the latest towing procedures for
2012 Ford and Lincoln vehicles. Ford Motor Company
has created easy-to-follow instructions with illustrations
showing the correct hook-up for damage-free towing.
NOTE: When towing a vehicle, the steering wheel
should be left unlocked.
As an additional safety measure, be sure to use safety
chains on every tow, including wheel lift and flatbed
hook-ups. This procedure will prevent losing the vehicle
in the event of equipment failure or vehicle breakage at
the chain attachment.
NOTE: Disabling the air bag system is not necessary in
most cases; an air bag is highly unlikely to deploy during
towing. Standard towing or recovery procedures on an
air bag equipped vehicle should not cause air bag
deployment. Only a significant impact will cause an air
bag to deploy.
New body effects and aerodynamic styling require new
methods of towing; this is to eliminate the possibility of
damage while in-tow. Wheel lifts or flatbed equipment is
required to tow Ford Motor Company vehicles. Refer to
the instructions given for the specific vehicle to be
towed.
NOTE: Turning the ignition switch to the OFF position
will not disable the Ford air bag system; the air bag
deployment system operates independently of the
ignition switch position.
If the air bags are not deployed and as a precaution the
air bag system needs to be disabled, disconnect the
battery in a safe manner.
GENERAL TOWING INFORMATION
NOTE, NOTICE AND WARNING
When towing a vehicle, release the parking brake and
place the transmission/transaxle in NEUTRAL. As a
general rule, vehicles should be towed with the drive
wheels off the ground. If the vehicle is to be towed on its
drive wheels, place the drive wheels on a dolly.
As you read through this manual, you may come across a
NOTE, NOTICE or WARNING. Each one is there for a
specific purpose: A NOTE calls attention to unique,
additional or essential information related to the subject
procedure. A NOTICE identifies a hazard that could
damage the vehicle or property. A WARNING identifies a
hazard, to yourself or others, that could result in severe
injury or death.
When a vehicle is towed on its front wheels, the steering
wheel must be clamped in the straight-ahead position
with a steering wheel clamping device designed for
towing service use, such as those provided by towing
system manufacturers.
Preparatory Steps
WARNING: NEVER USE A TOW BAR THAT
ATTACHES TO THE FASCIA/BUMPER WHEN
TOWING A VEHICLE. THE FASCIA/BUMPER COULD
BE DAMAGED AND/OR CAUSE AN ACCIDENT.
Do not use the vehicle’s steering column lock, when
towing from either the front or rear, to lock the wheels in
a straight-ahead position. If the steering wheel is not
able to be unlocked, place a dolly underneath the drive
wheels of the vehicle and tow with the non-drive wheels
raised.
NOTICE: Incorrect towing of a vehicle may result in
damage to the transmission/transaxle, transfer case,
front or rear fascia, steering/suspension, exhaust,
etc. Always follow the outlined towing procedures. It
is recommended that only an unloaded vehicle be
towed.
FCS-12141-12
Brake-Shift Interlock
All Ford and Lincoln vehicles incorporate a brake-shift interlock
feature that will prevents the gearshift lever from being moved
from PARK when the ignition switch is in the ON position,
however, when the brake pedal is depressed, the gearshift
lever is unlocked and can then be moved. If you cannot move
the gearshift lever out of PARK with the ignition in the ON
position and the brake pedal depressed, refer to the automatic
transmission/transaxle section in the driving section of the
Owner’s Literature Guide.
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December, 2010
Flat Bed
NOTE: On rough pavement, the maximum towing speed
is 35 mph (55 km/h). Maximum towing speed of 35 mph
(55 km/h) should be used whenever the tow truck
operator is not sure of road surface condition.
NOTICE: On vehicles equipped with an air
suspension system, be sure the air suspension
service switch is turned off prior to the vehicle being
tied down.
See specific model instructions for vehicle towing speed
and distance limitations.
NOTICE: Never hook a J-hook
to any suspension or driveline
component.
UNLTD = Unlimited miles, at speeds up to 50 mph (80
km/h).
When using a flatbed to transport a vehicle, unless
indicated otherwise, use a T-hook inserted in the
appropriate tie-down slot. Never hook a J-hook to any
suspension, wheel or driveline component because
damage to these components may occur. When
using winches, care must be taken to avoid damaging
the fascia, bumper, lower body panels and/or air dams.
Refer to the dolly manufacturer for speed and weight
limitations.
Towing Four-Wheel Drive Vehicles with LeverOperated Transfer Case – F-150, F-250 through
F-550
1. Place an automatic transmission in PARK or manual
transmission in 1st gear.
Wheel Lift
2. NOTE: The transfer case NEUTRAL setting is
located between 4H and 4L. In order to place the
transfer case in NEUTRAL, the lever must be moved
slightly to the left and rearward of the 4H position.
With the ignition in the ON position, both the 4x4 and
LOW RANGE indicators will be OFF when the
transfer case is in NEUTRAL. If the battery is dead,
jump the vehicle to make sure the indicator lights are
off.
NOTICE: Check vehicle specifications for raised
vehicle height requirements. If these height
requirements are not followed, damage to the body
and/or the underbody may occur.
NOTICE: When towing over roads that are rough or
have crowned intersection, the following special
procedures are required when using any wheel lift
equipment. The vehicle must be secure to the wheel
lift equipment using safety chains equipped with Thooks or safety hooks. If this procedure is not
followed, excessive jounce travel of the suspension
may cause damage to the underbody.
Place the transfer case in N (NEUTRAL).
3. NOTE: To verify the hubs are in the FREE position
or “unlocked”, check the front driveshaft, it should
turn freely if the hubs are unlocked.
1. Unless otherwise specified, attach the safety chain Thooks in the appropriate slot of the body or frame of the
vehicle being towed.
On an F-Super Duty, set and verify that the manual
locking hubs are in the FREE position. Use dollies if
the hubs do not unlock.
2. Run the chain through the hooks on the wheel lift
crossbar and attach it to the towing vehicle.
Towing speed should not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h).
This applies with either the front or rear wheels off
the ground.
3. Make sure there is no slack in the safety chain
between the vehicle and the crossbar.
4. Repeat Steps 1 through 3 for the other side of the
vehicle.
Towing Four-Wheel Drive Vehicles with
Electronic Shift Transfer Case – F-150, F-250
through F-550, and Ranger
Slingbelts
Ford Motor Company does not
recommend the use of slingbelt
towing. Using slingbelt towing
procedures may cause damage
to the fascia, lower body panels,
air dams and/or other components.
1. NOTE: With the ignition in the ON position, both the
4x4 HI and the LOW RANGE indicators will be OFF
when the transfer case is in 2 HI. If the battery is
dead, jump the vehicle to make sure the indicator
lights are off.
2. Place an automatic transmission in PARK or manual
transmission in 1st gear.
Towing Speeds and Distance
NOTE: If a distance of 50 mi (80 km) and/or a speed of
35 mph (55 km/h) is exceeded, or when the vehicle is
towed with the drive wheels on the ground, position
dollies under the wheels. Towing speed should not
exceed 50 mph (80 km/h) when the vehicle is towed with
the front wheels off the ground. Do not tow with both
front and rear wheels on the ground.
FCS-12141-12
3. NOTE: Manual locking hubs apply to F-250 through
F-550 only.
Set the locking hubs to the AUTO position. Verify
that the hubs are unlocked. Use dollies if the hubs
do not unlock. Once these conditions are met, follow
the instructions for towing a 2-wheel drive vehicle.
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December, 2010
WARNINGS, NOTICES AND NOTES
(See page 5 for specific vehicle application)
A
B
I
NOTICE: Ford Motor Company has not approved a
slingbelt towing procedure. It is recommended that
the vehicle be towed with a flatbed or wheel lift
equipment. If the vehicle is towed by any other
means or incorrectly, damage to the vehicle may
occur.
J
NOTICE: If the vehicle is to be towed from the front
or rear using wheel lift equipment, the lifted tire
must be raised to a clearance height ABOVE the
dollied tire to prevent damage to the vehicle
undercarriage.
The clearance height is the difference between the
bottom of the tire lifted and the bottom of the dollied
wheel. (See Illustration numbers 3 and/or 5.)
C
D
E
F
G
H
NOTICE: When a vehicle is towed over rough
pitching roads, such as a crowned road intersection
at a railroad crossing, towing speed should be
greatly reduced to avoid damaging the vehicle
undercarriage.
FCS-12141-12
K
NOTICE: Do not disconnect the driveshaft since the
system is aligned and balanced. Connecting the
driveshaft in the wrong position may cause vibration
or damage to the driveline.
L
NOTICE: Manual transmission vehicles MUST have
the parking brake fully engaged when the rear
wheels are on the dolly. Failure to apply the parking
brake may cause damage to the driveline.
NOTICE: To prevent damage to the bottom of the
front or rear fascia/bumper covers, it is
recommended that the vehicle be loaded onto a
flatbed tow truck with the tow hook attached to a
canvas strap. If the cable, chain or strap comes in
contact with the fascia, wrap the tow cable, chain or
strap with a shop towel.
M
NOTICE: It is recommended that the vehicle (4WD,
AWD, FWD and some RWD) be towed from the rear
using wheel lift equipment. It is required that the
front wheels be placed on a dolly to prevent damage
to the vehicle fascia/bumper and/or the FWD, 4WD
and AWD system.
NOTICE: It is recommended that the vehicle (4x2,
4WD, AWD, RWD and some FWD) be towed from the
front using wheel lift equipment. It is required that
the rear wheels be placed on a dolly to prevent
damage to the vehicle fascia/bumper and/or the
driveline system.
NOTICE: On a vehicle equipped with fog lamps or a
sport package, care must be taken not to damage
the components while loading and towing with a
wheel lift or flatbed. For flatbed towing, wrap loading
cable with a shop towel to protect fascia/bumper
from damage.
WARNING: ON VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH THE
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM, COMPLETE ALL
PRE-TOWING, UNDER-VEHICLE ACTIVITY
(SECURING VEHICLE, CHAINS, STRAPS, ETC.)
BEFORE TURNING THE KEY TO THE RUN
POSITION. THE FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM IS
ACTIVE WHENEVER THE KEY IS IN THE RUN
POSITION AND WILL DEPLOY IF THE MANUAL
ACTIVATION BUTTON IS DEPRESSED.
NOTICE: On a vehicle equipped with an air
suspension system, the system switch must be
turned to the off position before the vehicle can be
towed. Refer to the Owner’s Literature for the
procedure and switch location. If the rear air bags
are deflated, load the vehicle on a flatbed and use a
4x4 board under the bed to lift the rear of the vehicle
so that the rear bumper will not drag on the road
3
WARNING: DO NOT TOW A VEHICLE BACKWARD
WHEN THE VEHICLE BEING TOWED HAS ALL 4
WHEELS ON THE GROUND.
NOTICE: When loading a vehicle on a flatbed,
crossbeam/spacer blocks must be used to keep the
cable from coming in contact with the chin spoiler.
The crossbeam/spacer block can be held in place on
the frame by using bungee cords.
N
NOTICE: When using a flatbed, it is recommended to
use mini J-hooks to tie down the front of the vehicle.
Larger J-hooks may cause damage to the
undercarriage.
O
NOTE: For Dual Rear Wheel (DRW) vehicles, it may
be necessary to remove the outer rear wheel when
using wheel lift equipment.
P
NOTE: On a 4WD vehicle with Electronic Shift on the
Fly (ESOF), it is recommended that the vehicle be
towed with a wheel lift and dolly or flatbed
equipment with all the wheels off the ground.
Q
NOTE: On a 4WD vehicle with Manual Shift on Stop
(MSOS) and the lever operated transfer case
positioned in NEUTRAL, it is acceptable to tow the
vehicle with the rear wheels on the ground.
R
NOTE: For towing or operating conditions other than
what is prescribed in this manual, the driveshaft
must be removed. Always mark the location of the
driveshaft to the attaching flange before removal so
the shaft can be correctly indexed upon installation.
Driveshaft attachment bolts should be replaced with
new OEM bolts or have threadlocking compound
added to the original bolts.
Reinstall the driveshaft as instructed the workshop
manual.
S
NOTICE: When wheel lifting from the rear, the front
tires must be put on a dolly. Lift the rear wheels and
secure with a safety strap. Pull the front tires onto
4x4 blocks using the stinger. Position the dollies to
the smallest size opening. Secure the dollies with
safety straps. Refer to Illustration 25.
December, 2010
CONTINUED: WARNINGS, NOTICES AND NOTES
(See page 5 for specific vehicle application)
T
NOTICE: For vehicles with side exhaust. For flatbed
towing, secure the rear of the vehicle by using axle
straps or lasso straps around the rear axle. One
strap is required on each side of the differential.
Using the standard T-slot attachment can damage
the side exiting exhaust. Refer to Illustration 26.
FCS-12141-12
4
December, 2010
miles - km
mph – km/h
Rear
Towing from
miles - km
mph – km/h
Front
Towing from
Rear
Height —
Front
Clearance
Height —
Clearance
Rear
Wheel Lift
Front
Wheel Lift
Front and Rear Wheel Lift
Tie Down
Flat Bed
Flatbed
and Notes
Vehicle
Warnings, Notices
TOWING SPECIFICATION AND ILLUSTRATION TABLE
CARS
Fiesta
A,B,C,I,M,S
1
24
3
5
15 in
15 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
See 25
Focus (FWD)
A,B,C,H,I
1
12
3
5
18 in
18 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
See 25
Unltd
See 25
Fusion/MKZ (AWD)
W/Dolly
W/Dolly
Unltd
See 25
A,B,C,D,E,I
1
22
3
5
19 in
19 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
A,B,C,E,I
1
22
2
5
19 in
19 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Unltd
Fusion/MKZ Hybrid (AWD)
Fusion/MKZ (FWD)
Fusion/MKZ Hybrid (FWD)
Fusion Sport (FWD)
A,B,C,E,I,M
1,6,8
22
2
5
19 in
19 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Taurus/MKS (AWD)
A,B,C,D,E,H,I,M
1
23
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Taurus/MKS (FWD)
A,B,C,E,H,I,M
1
23
2
5
12 in
12 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Mustang (RWD) V6 and V8
A,B,C,D,I,K,L
1
13
3
5
16 in
14 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Mustang Shelby GT 500 (RWD)
A,B,C,D,I,K,L,M,N
1,7,8,9
13
3
N/A
16 in
14 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
N/A
N/A
Mustang Boss With Side
A,B,C,D,I,K,L,M,N
1,7,8,9
13
3
N/A
16 in
14 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
N/A
N/A
4
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/O
Unltd
Exhaust (RWD)
TRUCKS
E-Series, E-150/250/350/450
A,B,E,I,O,R
1
14
3
Edge/MKX (AWD)
A,B,C,D,E,H,I
1
20
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Edge/MKX (FWD)
A,B,C,D,E,H,I
1
20
2
5
12 in
12 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Escape/Escape Hybrid, (4WD)
A,B,C,D,I
1
15
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Escape/Escape Hybrid, (FWD)
A,B,C,D,I
1
15
2
5
12 in
12 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Expedition/Navigator (4WD)
A,B,C,D,G,I,Q,R
1
18
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Expedition/Navigator (RWD)
A,B,D,G,I,R
1
18
3
4
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
* Unltd
W/O
Unltd
Explorer (AWD)
A,B,C,D,E,H,I,M
1
21
3
5
15 in
15 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Explorer (FWD)
A,B,C,E,H,I,M
1
21
2
5
15 in
15 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
F-150 (4WD)
A,B,C,D,G,I,Q,R
1
18
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
F-150 (RWD)
A,B,D,G,I,R
1
18
3
4
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
* Unltd
W/O
Unltd
F-250/350/450/550 (4WD)
A,B,I,J,O,P,Q,R
1,10
16
3
5
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
** W/O
Unltd
F-250/350/450/550 (RWD)
A,B,J,I,O,R
1,10
16
3
4
12 in
12 in
W/Dolly
* Unltd
** W/O
Unltd
Flex/MKT (AWD)
A,B,C,D,E,H,I,M
1
21
3
5
15 in
15 in
W/Dolly
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Flex/MKT (FWD)
A,B,C,E,H,I,M
1
21
2
5
15 in
15 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
Raptor
A,G,I,R
1
18
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Transit Connect
A,B,C,H,I
1
11
2
5
12 in
12 in
W/O
Unltd
W/Dolly
Unltd
* In case of an emergency, the vehicle can be towed with the drive wheels on the ground up to a speed of 35 mph (55 km/h) and up to a distance of 50 mi
(80 km).
** On a 4X2/4X4 vehicle in 2HI and the hubs in the AUTO/FREE position, it is acceptable to tow the vehicle with the front wheels on the ground (without
dollies) and the rear wheels off the ground.
FCS-12141-12
5
December, 2010
ILLUSTRATIONS
1
9
2
3
Clearance Height
10
4
5
Clearance Height
6
FT
W
FW
11
FRONT
7
T
T&FT
FW
W
FW
W
T&FT
FT
FT
8
Use FT tie-downs for
flatbed only.
FCS-12141-12
6
Wrap rear axle for safety
chains on wheel lift.
December, 2010
FRONT
T&FT
T&FT
FW
FW
T&FT
T&FT
FT
T
FT
T&FW
T&FT
T&FW
T&FT
20
FRONT
13
FRONT
19
FRONT
12
T
FW
T
FW
FT
T&FT
FT
T&FT
T&FT
FT
T&FT
T&FT
T&FT
T&FT
T&FT
FW
T
T&FT
FW
T&FT
T&FT
FW
T&FT
FRONT
21
FRONT
14
FT
FW
FW
22
FRONT
15
FW
FW
T&FT
T&FT
FRONT
T&FT
FW
T&FT
T&FT
FW
T
T&FT
FW
T
FRONT
FRONT
16
FT
W
FT
FW
T&FT
FW
T&FT
23
FRONT
17
W
T&FT
FW
T&FT T&FT
1
2
T&FT
FW
T&FT T&FT
2
1
FRONT
FRONT
FRONT
Note 1: Without class III trailer hitch
Note 2: With class III trailer hitch
FRONT
18
FT
T&FW
T&FT
FT
T&FW
T&FT
FCS-12141-12
W
FW
W
FW
FT
T&FT
FT
T&FT
Loop safety chain through the subframe hole
and then connect hook.
7
December, 2010
24
25
26
FCS-12141-12
8
December, 2010