Freedom9 IP 100 Switch User Manual

freeView IP 100
Single Port KVM over IP SWITCH
USER’S MANUAL
Rev 1.4
P/N: KVM-01IA
Copyright and Trademark Information
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into another language
without express prior to written consent of freedom9 inc.
© Copyright 2005, freeView IP and the freedom9 company logo are trademarks or registered
trademarks of freedom9 inc. All rights reserved. Sun and Java are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. Internet Explorer, Windows Explorer, Windows, and
HyperTerminal are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Netscape and
Netscape Navigator are trademarks or registered trademarks of Netscape Communication
Corporation. Other trademarks or registered trademarks are the property of their respective
holders.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
2
3
4
5
QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE........................................................................................................... 3
1.1
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................... 3
1.2
HARDWARE INSTALLATION............................................................................................................... 3
1.3
VIDEO MODES ............................................................................................................................... 3
1.4
INITIAL IP CONFIGURATION.............................................................................................................. 4
1.5
WEB INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................ 5
1.6
REMOTE CONSOLE ......................................................................................................................... 5
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................................. 7
2.1
WHEN THE SERVER IS OPERATIONAL .............................................................................................. 7
2.2
WHEN THE SERVER IS NON-OPERATIONAL ...................................................................................... 7
2.3
FEATURES ..................................................................................................................................... 8
2.4
PACKAGE CONTENTS...................................................................................................................... 8
2.5
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................... 9
2.6
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ................................................................................................................ 9
2.7
CABLE DIAGRAMS ........................................................................................................................ 10
HARDWARE INSTALLATION ........................................................................................................... 11
3.1
OPERATION OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................. 11
3.2
CONNECTING THE FREEVIEW IP 100 TO THE HOST SYSTEM .......................................................... 11
3.3
ETHERNET CONNECTION .............................................................................................................. 14
3.4
CONNECTING THE FREEVIEW IP 100 TO A MULTI-PORT KVM SWITCH ............................................ 15
3.5
CONNECTING THE EXTERNAL RESET/POWER OPTION .................................................................... 15
CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................................. 16
4.1
INITIAL CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................................ 16
4.2
INITIAL CONFIGURATION VIA DHCP SERVER .................................................................................. 16
4.3
FREEVIEW IP 100 SETUP PROGRAM ............................................................................................. 16
4.4
INITIAL CONFIGURATION VIA SERIAL CONSOLE ............................................................................... 17
4.5
KEYBOARD, MOUSE AND VIDEO CONFIGURATION .......................................................................... 18
USAGE............................................................................................................................................... 22
5.1
PREREQUISITES ........................................................................................................................... 22
5.2
HTTP/HTTPS............................................................................................................................. 22
5.3
LOGGING IN AND LOGGING OUT .................................................................................................... 23
5.4
THE REMOTE CONSOLE................................................................................................................ 25
5.5
MAIN WINDOW ............................................................................................................................. 26
1
6
7
MENU OPTIONS................................................................................................................................ 35
6.1
REMOTE CONTROL ....................................................................................................................... 35
6.2
VIRTUAL MEDIA ............................................................................................................................ 37
6.3
USER MANAGEMENT .................................................................................................................... 49
6.4
KVM SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................... 50
6.5
DEVICE SETTINGS ........................................................................................................................ 56
6.6
MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................................................. 68
TROUBLESHOOTING....................................................................................................................... 72
7.1
CERTIFICATES .............................................................................................................................. 73
A.
PIN ASSIGNMENTS .......................................................................................................................... 74
B.
KEY CODES ...................................................................................................................................... 75
C.
VIDEO MODES .................................................................................................................................. 78
D.
RACK MOUNT KIT INSTALLATION DIAGRAM............................................................................... 78
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1-1: The Host and Console Connectors ............................................................................................ 5
Figure 1-2: KVM Setup Program................................................................................................................... 6
Figure 1-3: Java Warning.............................................................................................................................. 8
Figure 1-4: Remote Console ......................................................................................................................... 8
Figure 3-1a: Single Server Usage Scenario ............................................................................................... 13
Figure 3-1b: Multiple Server Usage Scenario ............................................................................................. 13
Figure 4-1: Setup Utility............................................................................................................................... 19
Figure 5-1: Encryption Key Length in Internet Explorer.............................................................................. 25
Figure 5-2: Login Screen............................................................................................................................. 25
Figure 5-3: Main Page................................................................................................................................. 26
Figure 5-4: Remote Console ....................................................................................................................... 27
Figure 5-5: Remote Console Control Bar.................................................................................................... 28
Figure 5-6: Remote Console Options Menu ............................................................................................... 29
Figure 5-7: Remote Console Exclusive Mode............................................................................................. 30
Figure 5-8: Remote Console Options Menu – Scaling ............................................................................... 30
Figure 5-9: Remote Console Options Menu – Local Cursor....................................................................... 31
Figure 5-10: Video Settings Panel .............................................................................................................. 32
Figure 5-11: Soft Keyboard ......................................................................................................................... 33
Figure 5-12: Soft Keyboard Mapping .......................................................................................................... 34
Figure 5-13: Remote Console Confirmation Dialog .................................................................................... 35
Figure 5-14: Encoding................................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 5-15: Status Line .............................................................................................................................. 36
Figure 5-16: Bandwidth Usage.................................................................................................................... 36
Figure 6-1: KVM Console............................................................................................................................ 37
Figure 6-2: Telnet Console .......................................................................................................................... 38
Figure 6-3: Virtual Floppy Disk Screen ....................................................................................................... 39
Figure 6-4: Select Image File ...................................................................................................................... 40
Figure 6-5: Virtual CD-ROM Image Screen ................................................................................................ 41
Figure 6-6: Select Windows Share ............................................................................................................. 41
Figure 6-7: Windows Explorer Context Menu ............................................................................................. 42
Figure 6-8: Share Configuration Dialog ...................................................................................................... 42
Figure 6-9: RawWrite for Windows Selection Dialog .................................................................................. 44
3
Figure 6-10: Nero Selection Dialog............................................................................................................. 45
Figure 6-11: Drive Redirection Menu .......................................................................................................... 45
Figure 6-13: Create a New Device.............................................................................................................. 48
Figure 6-14: Device Configuration Dialog ................................................................................................... 48
Figure 6-15: New Device Added ................................................................................................................. 49
Figure 6-16: Drive Redirection Setting........................................................................................................ 49
Figure 6-17: Drive Redirection Dialog......................................................................................................... 49
Figure 6-18: Drive Redirection Completed.................................................................................................. 50
Figure 6-19: USB Mass Storage Option...................................................................................................... 50
Figure 6-20: Set Password.......................................................................................................................... 51
Figure 6-21: Set User.................................................................................................................................. 52
Figure 6-22: User Console Settings (Part 1)............................................................................................... 53
Figure 6-22: User Console Settings (Part 2)............................................................................................... 54
Figure 6-23: Keyboard and Mouse Settings ............................................................................................... 56
Figure 6-24: Video Settings......................................................................................................................... 57
Figure 6-25: Network Settings .................................................................................................................... 59
Figure 6-26: Dynamic DNS ......................................................................................................................... 60
Figure 6-27: Dynamic DNS Scenario.......................................................................................................... 61
Figure 6-28: Device Security....................................................................................................................... 62
Figure 6-29: Certificate Settings ................................................................................................................. 63
Figure 6-30: SSL Certificate Upload ........................................................................................................... 64
Figure 6-31: Serial Port ............................................................................................................................... 65
Figure 6-32: Date and Time ........................................................................................................................ 67
Figure 6-33: Event Log................................................................................................................................ 68
Figure 6-34: Device Information.................................................................................................................. 70
Figure 6-35: Connected Users.................................................................................................................... 70
Figure 6-36: Event Log List ......................................................................................................................... 71
Figure 6-37: Update Firmware .................................................................................................................... 71
Figure 6-38: Unit Reset ............................................................................................................................... 73
Figure B-1: English (US) Keyboard Layout................................................................................................. 78
Figure D-1: Rack Mount Installation Diagram ............................................................................................. 79
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
1 QUICK INSTALLATION GUIDE
1.1
Introduction
The freeView IP 100 redirects local keyboard, mouse and video data to a remote administration
console. All data is transmitted via internet protocol (IP). The unit can also be used in a multi
administrator and multi server environment. In addition, the unit is a KVM switch, which can also
be used with a local console (a local set of monitor, keyboard, and mouse).
1.2
Hardware Installation
Host
Console
Figure 1-1: The Host and Console Connectors
1. Power off the server.
2. Remove the unit from the box.
3. Connect the included KVM cable from the server to the ports labeled Host on the unit. (Check
that the keyboard and mouse connectors are connected to the proper ports and are not
crossed.)
4. If a local console is being used, connect the local monitor, mouse, and keyboard to the ports
labeled Console on the unit.
5. If a remote mass storage device is being used, connect the included USB cable from the
server to the USB port on the unit.
6. Connect an Ethernet cable to the LAN port and/or modem to RS-232 serial port, depending
on how the unit will be accessed.
7. Power on the unit.
8. Power on the server.
1.3
Video Modes
The freeView IP 100 supports many common video modes.
of all supported video modes.
5
Please refer to Appendix C for a list
1.4
Initial IP Configuration
By default, the freeView IP 100 uses the network parameters shown in Table 1-1.
Parameter
Value
IP auto configuration Static
IP-Address
192.168.1.22
Net-mask
255.255.255.0
Default-Gateway
None
Table 1-1: Default network configuration
If these network parameters do not match the network configuration, the device's network
settings can be configured using the program KVMSetup.exe located on the installation CD after
the unit has been connected to the network and powered on.
To change the network settings of the device:
1. Open Windows Explorer and browse to the CD drive.
2. Double-click the file KVMSetup.exe.
3. A screen similar to Figure 1-2 will be displayed.
Figure 1-2: KVM Setup Program
4. Select the unit’s MAC address from the drop-down list under “Device MAC address”.
5. Enter the desired IP address for the device under “Network Configuration”.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
6. Enter the user name and password under “Authentication”.
“super” and the default password is “pass”.
7. Click “Setup Device”.
1.5
The default user name is
Web Interface
Once the device has been configured to match the network setup, log in to the web interface
using a Java enabled web browser. Once the web browser is running, enter “http://<device IP
address>” in the browser window (e.g. if the device’s IP address is 192.168.1.22, type
“http://192.168.1.22” in the browser window).
The default user name and password to log into the device are shown below.
User name
super
Password
pass
It is recommended that the default password be changed immediately to prevent unauthorized
access to the device.
1.6
Remote Console
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host system to
which the freeView IP 100 is connected. The web browser which is used to access the unit has to
have Java Runtime Environment version 1.1 or higher installed. However, it is strongly
recommended that the Sun JVM 1.4 is installed.
To access the remote console of the host, click the Console icon on the top-left corner of the
screen. There may be a slight delay as the Java virtual applet is being loaded. If the screen
shown in Figure 1-3 appears, click “Yes”.
7
Figure 1-3: Java Warning
Figure 1-4 shows the top of the Remote Console window.
Figure 1-4: Remote Console
Once connected, the following can be performed to improve the user experience:
Auto Adjust button
If the video displayed is distorted, click this button and the device will automatically adjust its
display to improve the quality.
Sync Mouse button
Choose this option in order to synchronize the local with the remote mouse cursor. This is only
required if using Double Mouse mode. It is recommended that mouse acceleration is turned off
on the host device.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
2 Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the freeView IP 100. The freeView IP 100 saves money, time, space,
equipment and power. The freeView IP 100 defines a new class of remote KVM access devices,
it combines digital remote KVM access via IP networks with comprehensive and integrated
system management.
The device provides convenient, remote KVM access and control via LAN or Internet. It captures,
digitizes, and compresses the video signal and transmits it with keyboard and mouse signals to
and from a remote computer. The freeView IP 100 provides a non-intrusive solution for remote
access and control. Remote access and control software runs on the embedded processor only
and not on the mission-critical servers, so that there is no impact on server or network
performance.
Furthermore, the freeView IP 100 offers additional remote power management when used with
an optional IP Power device.
The device supports consoles consisting of a PS/2 keyboard and mouse and HDDB 15 video
output and will automatically detect the current video mode of the console. The freeView IP 100
will accept video streams up to 110 MHz. This results in a screen resolution of 1280x1024 pixels
with a frame rate of 60 Hz.
2.1
When The Server Is Operational
The freeView IP 100 gives you full control over the remote server. The Management Console
allows you to access the remote server’s graphics, keyboard and mouse and the ability to send
special commands to the server. You can also perform periodic maintenance on the server.
Using the Remote Console, you can do the following:
A. Reboot the system.
B. Monitor the boot process.
C. Boot to a different operating system on dual-boot machines.
D. Boot up in Windows Safe Mode.
E. Boot the system from a separate partition to load diagnostic environment.
F. Run special diagnostic programs.
2.2
When The Server Is Non-Operational
Using the freeView IP 100, the system administrator can discover problems with the server,
though fixing hardware problems is not possible through a remote management device.
Nevertheless, the device gives the administrator valuable information about the type of hardware
failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five different categories, with the
percentage chance of failure listed below:
A. Hard disk failure 50%
9
B.
C.
D.
E.
Power cable detached, power supply failure 28%
CPU, Controller, main board failure 10%
CPU fan failure 8%
RAM failure 4%
Using the freeView IP 100, administrators can determine which kind of serious hardware failure
has occurred (See table 2-1).
Type of Failure
Detected By
Hard disk failure
Console screen, CMOS set-up information
Power cable detached, power supply failure
Server remains in power off state after power on
command has been given.
CPU Controller, main board failure.
Power supply is on, but there is no video output.
CPU fan failure
Server specific management software
RAM failure
Boot-sequence on boot console
Table 2-1 Host System Failures and Detection Methods
2.3
Features
•
Manage servers around the world from your desk
•
KVM (keyboard, video, mouse) access over IP and analog telephone line (modem required)
•
BIOS level access
•
SSL encryption
•
No impact on server or network performance
•
High-performance mouse tracking and synchronization
•
Port to connect a user console for direct analog access to KVM switch
•
Local Mouse suppression (only when using Sun’s Java Virtual Machine)
•
Can be used with any standard KVM
•
Remote mass storage control
2.4
Package Contents
freeView IP 100
1 PC
Quick Install Guide
1 PC
Installation software and User Manual on CD-ROM
1 PC
AC to DC Power Adapter
1 PC
Rack mount Kit
1 SET
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Null modem cable
1 PC
USB A to B 6 feet cable
1 PC
3-in-1 3 feet KVM cable
1 PC
2.5
Technical Specifications
Model No.
freeView IP 100
PC Port
1
Console Port
1
PC Port Connector
(All Female Types)
PS/2 Keyboard Mini Din 6 pin
PS/2 Mouse Mini Din 6 pin
VGA HDDB 15 pin
USB Type B receptacle
Console Port Connector
(All Female Types)
PS/2 Keyboard Mini Din 6 pin
PS/2 Mouse Mini Din 6 pin
VGA HDDB 15pin
Remote Console Connector
RJ-45 8P8C
Serial Port (DB9 pin Male)
1
LAN port (RJ-45 8P8C)
1 x 10BASE-T Ethernet
1 x 100BASE-T Ethernet
Reset button
1
Keyboard Emulation
PS/2
Mouse Emulation
PS/2
VGA Resolution
Local: 1600X1200 Remote: 1280X1024
Housing
Metal
Power Adapter
DC 5V, 2.5A
Operation Temperature
0 ~ 5°C
Storage Temperature
-20 ~ 60°C
Humidity
0 ~ 80%, Non-Condensing
Size
Desktop
Weight (kg)
1700g
Dimension (mm)
156 X139 X 27
2.6
System Requirements
Item
Description
Local console side
One PS/2 Keyboard, one PS/2 Mouse and one monitor
Remote Console side One PC or Multiple PCs are linked into the network
Host side
One PC or Server or the console port of another KVM switch
11
2.7
Cable Diagrams
PS/2 Cable:
Mini Din 6 pin Male to Male
VGA Cable:
HDB15 pin Male to Male
USB 2.0 Cable:
USB A-B cable
AT to PS/2 keyboard adapter: (Optional)
Din 5 pins Male to Mini Din 6 pin Female
CAT5/5E/6 Straight Through UTP/STP Cable:
8P8C
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
3 Hardware Installation
3.1
Operation Overview
Figure 3-1 shows some examples of how to connect the freeView IP 100 to the local area
network.
freeView IP
PC
IP Network
Administrator
Figure 3-1a: Single Server Usage Scenario
freeView IP
8/16 PS/2
IP Network
KVM Switch
Multiple
Servers
Administrator
Figure 3-1b: Multiple Server Usage Scenario
The freeView IP 100 can be used in a multi-administrator, multi-server environment. Attaching
one or several units to a matrix KVM switch allows multiple users to access multiple servers
using the remote console.
3.2
Connecting The freeView IP 100 To The Host System
In order to connect the device to the host system, perform the following steps:
Step 1
Connect the VGA cable on one end a KVM cable to the monitor port on the host system and the
VGA cable on the other end of the cable to the monitor port on the host side of the unit.
13
Step 2
Connect the green PS/2 plug on one end of a KVM cable to the mouse port on the host system
and the green PS/2 plug on the other end of the cable to the mouse port on the host side of the
unit.
Step 3
Connect the purple PS/2 plug on one end of a KVM cable to the keyboard port on the host
system and the purple PS/2 plug on the other end of the cable to the keyboard port on the host
side of the unit.
Step 4 (Only required if using Virtual Media)
Connect the type A connector of a USB A-B cable to the USB port on the host system and the
type B connector to the unit.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Step 5
Connect an Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on the unit and/or connect a modem to the DB-9
port on the unit, depending on how the KVM is accessed remotely.
INTERNET
Modem
Step 6 (Only required if using a local console)
Connect the monitor to the monitor port on the console side.
15
Step 7 (Only required if using a local console)
Connect the keyboard to the PS/2 port marked as keyboard on the console side.
Step 8 (Only required if using a local console)
Connect the mouse to the PS/2 port marked as mouse on the console side.
Step 9
Connect the power supply on to the freeView IP 100.
3.3
Ethernet Connection
The rear side of the freeView IP 100 provides a RJ-45 connector for a 10/100 Mbps Ethernet
connection.
Using a 10 Mbps Connection
For 10BASE-T Ethernet networks, the Ethernet adapter uses Category 3, 4, 5 or 6 UTP cable. To
establish a 10 Mbps connection, the cable must be connected to a 10BASE-T hub.
•
Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 10BASE-T adapter.
•
Align the RJ-45 plug with the notch on the adapter’s connector and insert it into the adapter’s
connector.
Using a 100 Mbps Connection
For 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet networks, the freeView IP 100 supports Category 5 or higher
UTP cabling. To establish a 100 Mbps connection, the cable must be connected to a
100BASE-TX hub or switch.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
•
Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 100BASE-TX adapter.
•
Align the RJ-45 plug with the notch on the adapter’s connector and insert it into the adapter’s
connector.
3.4
Connecting The freeView IP 100 To A Multi-Port KVM Switch
3.5
Connecting The External Reset/Power Option
Refer to the manual of the IP Power or Serial over IP device for instructions on connecting them
to the serial interface on the rear of the freeView IP 100.
17
4 Configuration
4.1
Initial Configuration
The freeView IP 100 is shipped with the network configuration listed in Table 4-1.
Parameter
Value
IP auto configuration
DHCP
IP-Address
None
Net-mask
255.255.255.0
Default-Gateway
None
Table 4-1: Initial Network Configuration
Note: If the freeView IP 100 cannot find a DHCP server on startup, it will not have an IP address.
The following describes the initial IP configuration that is necessary to access the unit for the first
time. Note: Before installation, make a note of the MAC address of the unit before installing the
device, it is located on the label on the bottom of the unit.
4.2
Initial Configuration Via DHCP Server
By default, the freeView IP 100 will attempt to obtain an IP address from a DHCP server on the
network. To determine the IP address obtained via DHCP, either check the list of assigned IP
addresses on the DHCP server and find the IP address assigned to the MAC address of the unit,
or set the DHCP server to assign a fixed IP address to the MAC address of the device. Consult
the manual for the DHCP server for detailed configuration instructions.
Alternatively, the setup tool KVMSetup.exe found on the Installation Disk accompanying the
product can also be used to set up the unit.
4.3
freeView IP 100 Setup Program
Connect the freeView IP 100 to a computer via local network or USB. Start the setup tool
KVMSetup.exe located on the Installation Disk on the computer. The program screen is shown in
Figure 4-1.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 4-1: Setup Utility
On the upper left corner, the MAC address(es) of all freeView IP 100 switches are displayed. To
rescan for devices, click “Refresh Devices”.
1. Select the MAC address of the unit to be configured from the dropdown list.
2. Click “Query Device” to populate the current configuration of the device.
3. Enter the network configuration settings in the Network Configuration screen.
4. Enter the username and password of the device in the Authentication screen. The default
username is “super” and the default password is “pass”.
5. If desired, enter a new password for the super user. Note: Write down the new password and
keep it in a safe, secure location for later reference.
6. Click “Setup Device” to save the new settings.
7. Click “OK” to close the window.
4.4
Initial Configuration Via Serial Console
Connect a null modem cable from a serial port on a computer to the RS-232 port on the console
side of the freeView IP 100. Open up a terminal access program (e.g. HyperTerminal) to access
the device. The unit uses the terminal parameters shown in Table 4-2.
Parameter
Value
Bits/second
115200
Data bits
8
19
Parity
No
Stop bits
1
Flow Control
None
Table 4-2: Serial line parameters
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Power off the unit.
Power on the unit and immediately press the <ESC> key.
After the boot up sequence is completed, a “=>” prompt will appear.
Type “config” and press the <Enter> key and wait for the configuration questions to appear.
For each question, type in the desired settings, or press <Enter> to accept the default value
shown in square parenthesis [ ].
6. The parameters that can be set are as follows:
IP auto configuration (none/dhcp/bootp) [dhcp]:
With this option, the user can specify whether the freeView IP 100 gets its network settings from
a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, enter “dhcp”, and for BOOTP enter “bootp”. If neither
option is selected, the IP auto configuration is disabled and the network settings will need to be
configured manually.
IP [192.168.1.22]:
The IP address of the unit. This option is only applied if IP auto configuration is set to none.
Net mask [255.255.255.0]:
The subnet mask of the unit. This option is only applied if IP auto configuration is set to none.
Gateway (0.0.0.0 for none) [0.0.0.0]:
The IP address of the default gateway of the device. If a default gateway is not available, enter
0.0.0.0. This option is only applied if IP auto configuration is set to none.
4.5
Keyboard, Mouse And Video Configuration
The freeView IP 100 can be connected to the host machine’s peripheral ports via PS/2 or USB.
The correct operation of the remote mouse depends on several settings which will be discussed
in the following subsections.
4.5.1
freeView IP 100 Keyboard Settings
The freeView IP 100’s settings for the host keyboard type have to be correct in order for the
remote keyboard to work properly. See Section 6.4.2 for details.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
4.5.2
Remote Mouse Settings
A common problem with KVM devices is the synchronization between the local and remote
mouse cursors. The freeView IP 100 addresses this problem with an intelligent synchronization
algorithm. There are two mouse modes available on the freeView IP 100:
Auto mouse speed
The automatic mouse mode tries to detect the speed and acceleration settings of the host
system automatically. See the section below for a more detailed explanation.
Fixed mouse speed
This mode translates the mouse movements from the Remote Console in a way that one pixel
move will lead to a fixed number of pixel moves on the remote system. The number of pixels can
be adjusted using the scaling feature. It should be noted that this will only work when mouse
acceleration is turned off on the remote system.
4.5.3
Auto Mouse Speed And Mouse Synchronization
The automatic mouse mode performs the speed detection during mouse synchronization. If the
local mouse loses synchronization with the remote mouse, there are two methods for
re-synchronizing local and remote mouse:
Fast Sync
Fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew. Choose this option using the
Remote Console options menu or press the mouse synchronization hotkey sequence if it has
been defined.
Intelligent Sync
If fast synchronization does not work or the mouse settings have been changed on the host
system, use intelligent resynchronization. This method takes more time than the fast
synchronization and can be accessed in the Remote Console option menu. Intelligent
synchronization requires the picture be adjusted correctly. Use the auto adjustment function or
the manual correction in the Video Settings panel to configure the picture. The Sync Mouse
button at the top of the Remote Console behaves differently, depending on the current state of
mouse synchronization. Pressing this button will perform a fast sync, except when the KVM port
or the video mode have been changed, in which case an intelligent sync will be performed.
Note: When using the console for the first time, press the Auto Adjust Button if the local mouse
pointer is not synchronized with the remote mouse pointer.
21
4.5.4
Host System Mouse Settings
The host's operating system knows various settings from the mouse driver.
Note that the following limitations do not apply if the Mouse Type is set to USB and “MS Windows
2000 and newer”.
While the freeView IP 100 works with accelerated mice and is able to synchronize the local with
the remote mouse pointer, there are limitations which may prevent this synchronization from
working properly:
Special Mouse Driver
There are mouse drivers which influence the synchronization process and lead to
desynchronized mouse pointers. If this occurs, disable the vendor-specific mouse driver on the
host system.
Windows XP Mouse Settings
Windows XP has a setting called “improve mouse acceleration” which has to be deactivated.
Active Desktop
If the Active Desktop feature of Microsoft Windows is enabled, do not use a plain background,
use a wallpaper instead. Alternatively, Active Desktop can be disabled altogether.
Move the mouse pointer to the upper left corner of the applet screen and move it back and forth
slightly to resynchronize the mouse. If resynchronizing fails, disable mouse acceleration and
repeat the procedure.
4.5.5
Single And Double Mouse Mode
The information above applies to the Double Mouse Mode, where both the remote and local
mouse pointers are visible and need to be synchronized. The freeView IP 100 also supports a
Single Mouse Mode, where only the remote mouse pointer is visible. Enable this mode in the
open Remote Console and click in the window area to activate it. The local mouse pointer will be
hidden and the remote mouse pointer can be controlled directly. To leave this mode, it is
necessary to define a mouse hotkey in the Remote Console Settings Panel. Press this key to
free the captured local mouse pointer.
4.5.6
Recommended Mouse Settings
The following are suggestions for mouse modes for various operating systems:
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
MS Windows 2000/2003 (Professional and Server), XP
It is recommended to use the USB mouse option. Choose USB without Mouse Sync. For a PS/2
mouse choose Auto Mouse Speed. For XP disable the “enhance pointer precision” option in the
Control Panel.
SUN Solaris
Adjust the mouse settings either via xset m 1 or use the CDE Control Panel to set the mouse to
1:1, no acceleration. As an alternative, use Single Mouse Mode.
MAC OS X
It is recommended that the Single Mouse Mode be used.
4.5.7
Video Modes
The freeView IP 100 supports most common video modes. When running X11 on the host
system, do not use any custom mode lines with special video modes, otherwise, the device may
not be able to detect the video mode. It is recommended that a standard VESA video mode is
used instead.
23
5 Usage
5.1
Prerequisites
The freeView IP 100 features an embedded operating system and applications offering a variety
of standardized interfaces. This chapter will describe both these interfaces, and how to use them
in detail. The interfaces are accessed using the TCP/IP protocol, thus they can be accessed
though the Ethernet interface.
5.2
HTTP/HTTPS
Full access is provided by the embedded web server. The freeView IP 100 can be managed
using a standard web browser. The web interface can be accessed using the insecure HTTP
protocol, or the encrypted HTTPS protocol. Whenever possible, use HTTPS for increased
security.
Telnet
A standard Telnet client can be used to access an arbitrary device connected to the freeView IP
100’s serial port via a terminal mode.
The primary interface of the freeView IP 100 is the HTTP interface. This is covered extensively in
this chapter. Other interfaces are addressed in subtopics.
In order to use the Remote Console window of the managed host system, the browser has to
support Java Runtime Environment (JRE) version 1.1 or higher. If the browser does not have
Java support (such as on a PDA), the web interface and be accessed and configure, but the
remote console will be unavailable.
Important: It is recommended that the latest version of Sun’s JVM is installed.
For an insecure (HTTP) connection to the device, the following browsers are recommended:
•
Microsoft Internet Explorer version 6.0 or higher on Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows
2000 and Windows XP
•
Netscape Navigator 7.0 or Mozilla 1.6 on Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows 2000,
Windows XP, Linux and other UNIX-like Operating Systems
In order to access the remote host system using a securely encrypted connection, a browser that
supports the HTTPS protocol is required. Strong security is only assured by using a key length of
128-bit. Some older browsers do not support 128-bit encryption.
Using the Internet Explorer, the current key length supported can be found under “Help”, “About
Internet Explorer”. The dialog box contains a link that leads to information on how to upgrade the
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
browser to a state of the art encryption scheme. Figure 5-1 shows the dialog box presented by
the Internet Explorer 6.0.
Figure 5-1: Encryption Key Length in Internet Explorer
Newer web browsers support strong encryption by default.
5.3
5.3.1
Logging In And Logging Out
Logging In
Launch the web browser and enter the address of the freeView IP 100 in the Address Bar. The
address used can be an IP address or a host and domain name, in the case where the DNS
server has a symbolic name. For example, type the following in the address line of the web
browser when establishing an unsecured connection:
http://<IP address of freeView IP 100>
When using a secure connection, type in:
https://<IP address of freeView IP 100>
The login page will be displayed (Figure 5-2).
Figure 5-2: Login Screen
25
The device has a built-in super user that has full access to the device.
and password for the super user are show in Table 5-1.
Login name
super (factory default)
Password
pass (factory default)
The default username
Table 5-1: Default User Settings
Note: The super user cannot access the device via the serial interface.
Note: Change the super user password as soon as possible. Failure to do so will pose a
severe security risk and will allow unauthorized users to access the device.
Navigation
After logging into the freeView IP 100, the main page shown in Figure 5-3 will be displayed. This
page consists of three parts: the buttons on the upper side allow the user to navigate within the
web interface (see Table 5-2 for details). The lower left frame contains a navigation bar which
allows the user to switch between the different sections of the unit. The lower right frame displays
details of the menu item selected on the left frame.
Figure 5-3: Main Page
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Return to the main page of the freeView IP
100.
Show the remote console.
Log out of the web interface.
Table 5-2 Web Interface Icons
5.3.2
Logging Out
To log out of the web interface, click the Logout button on the main window. The user will also be
logged out automatically after 30 minutes of inactivity.
5.4
The Remote Console
General description
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote host system
connected to the freeView IP 100.
Figure 5-4: Remote Console
The Remote Console window is a Java Applet that establishes its own connection to the
freeView IP 100. The protocol used by the Remote Console is RFB (Remote Frame Buffer
Protocol). Currently, RFB uses port number 443 to establish a connection. For proper operation,
ensure that the local network environment allows traffic on port 443.
27
Note: If the freeView IP 100 is connected to the Internet through a proxy server without NAT, the
Remote Console will not be available from the WAN interface because web proxies are not able
to relay the RFB packets.
In case of problems, consult the network administrator for proper network configuration.
5.5
Main Window
Starting the Remote Console will open another additional window which displays the screen
content of the host system. The Remote Console will behave the same as if it was being used
locally, including the keyboard and mouse. However, the reaction time for the keyboard and
mouse will have a slight delay. The severity of the delay depends on the bandwidth available to
access the unit. Also, special keyboard combinations (e.g. Ctrl-Alt-Del in Windows) will affect the
local system and not the remote system. See the next section for more details.
Note: If a keyboard whose language is different from the host system’s default language is used
(e.g. a US English local keyboard is used to control a remote host running a German operating
system), the local language will be used instead of the remote language. In the previous example,
US characters will be sent to the host instead of German characters. To emulate the remote host
language, select the appropriate language using the Local Keyboard option in the dropdown
menu. See the next section for more details.
The Remote Console window will automatically adjust to fit the size of the remote screen.
However, the Remote Console window can be resized manually in the local window system the
same way as other applications.
Note: The Remote Console window must be selected in the local operating system in order for
mouse and keyboard input to be sent to the remote host.
5.5.1
Remote Console Control Bar
The top bar of the Remote Console window shown in Figure 5-5 contains the control bar. The
control bar displays the state of the remote device and also allows the user to change the
Remote Console settings.
Figure 5-5: Remote Console Control Bar
Ctrl+Alt+Delete
This button sends the key combination “Control-Alt-Delete” to the remote system (see Section 6
for instructions on defining new key combination buttons).
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Auto Adjust button
If the video display becomes distorted, click this button and wait a few seconds while the device
tries to automatically readjust the video settings.
Sync mouse button
This button activates the mouse synchronization process. Choose this option to synchronize the
local with the remote mouse cursor. This is especially necessary when using accelerated mouse
settings on the host system. In general, there is no need to change mouse settings on the host.
This button is only available when using double mouse mode.
Single/Double Mouse Mode
This button switches between Single Mouse Mode (only the remote mouse pointer is visible) and
Double Mouse Mode (both remote and local mouse pointers are visible and need to be
synchronized). Single mouse mode is only available if using SUN JVM 1.3 or higher.
Options
This button opens the Options menu
Figure 5-6: Remote Console Options Menu
29
A short description of the options follows.
Monitor Only
Toggles Monitor Only mode on and off. If Monitor Only is enabled, remote console interaction is
disabled and only monitoring is possible.
Exclusive Access
Toggles Exclusive Access mode if the user has the appropriate access level. When Exclusive
Access is enabled, other users cannot open the Remote Console until the current user disables
Exclusive Access or logs off the system.
A change in access mode is also visible in the status line (Figure 5-7).
Figure 5-7: Remote Console Exclusive Mode
Scaling
Allows the user to scale down the display of the Remote Console. The user can still use both the
mouse and the keyboard, however the scaling algorithm may distort some items on the display.
Figure 5-8: Remote Console Options Menu – Scaling
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Mouse Handling
The submenu for mouse handling offers two options for synchronizing the local and the remote
mouse pointer.
Fast Sync: The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary, but fixed skew.
Intelligent Sync: Use this option if fast sync does not work or if the mouse settings have been
changed on the host system. Note: Intelligent Sync takes more time than Fast Sync. Use the
auto adjustment function or manual correction in the Video Settings panel to setup the picture.
Local Cursor
Offers a list of different cursor shapes to choose from for the local mouse pointer. The selected
shape will be saved for the current user and activated the next time this user opens the Remote
Console. The number of available shapes depends on the Java Virtual Machine; a version of 1.2
or higher offers the full list.
Figure 5-9: Remote Console Options Menu – Local Cursor
Video Settings
This option opens a panel for changing the video settings for the freeView IP 100. The unit
features two different dialogs, which influence the video settings:
31
Video Settings Through The Web Interface
This option enables the local video port. This option determines whether or not the video output
from the host is transmitted to the local monitor.
The Noise Filter option defines how the freeView IP 100 reacts to small changes in the video
input signal. A large filter setting uses less network traffic and leads to a faster video display, but
small changes in the display may not be recognized and updated on the remote immediately. A
small filter setting displays all changes on the remote host instantly but will produce more
network traffic (depending on the quality of the video input signal). The default setting should be
suitable for most situations.
Video Settings Through The Remote Console
Figure 5-10: Video Settings Panel
Brightness: Controls the brightness of the picture.
Contrast: Controls the contrast of the picture.
Clock: Defines the horizontal frequency for a video line and depends on the video mode.
Different video card types may require different values. The default settings in conjunction with
the auto adjustment procedure should be adequate for common configurations. If the picture
quality is still poor after auto adjustment, change this setting together with the sampling phase to
achieve a better quality.
Phase: Defines the phase for video sampling, used with the sampling clock setting to control the
display quality.
Horizontal Position: Adjusts the horizontal position of the screen.
Vertical Position: Adjusts the vertical position of the screen.
Reset this Mode: Reset current mode specific settings to the factory-made defaults.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Reset all Modes: Reset all modes to the factory-made defaults.
Save Changes: Save changes permanently.
Undo Changes: Restore last saved settings.
Soft Keyboard
Figure 5-11: Soft Keyboard
•
Show
Opens the Soft-Keyboard screen (Figure 5-11). The Soft-Keyboard is necessary in the case
where the host system uses a completely different language and country mapping from the
administration machine.
•
Mapping
Used for choosing the appropriate language and country mapping of the Soft-Keyboard.
33
Figure 5-12: Soft Keyboard Mapping
•
Local Keyboard
Used to change the language mapping of the Remote Console Applet. Under normal
circumstances, the applet automatically determines the appropriate value. However, the applet
may not determine the correct value depending on the particular JVM and the browser settings. A
typical example is a German localized system that uses an US-English keyboard mapping. In
this case the Local Keyboard will need to be changed to the correct setting manually.
•
Hotkeys
Opens a list of defined hotkeys. By choose an entry, the selected command will be sent to the
host system.
A confirmation dialog can be added that will be displayed before sending the selected command
to the remote host. Select “OK” to perform the command on the remote host.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 5-13: Remote Console Confirmation Dialog
Encoding
Figure 5-14: Encoding
Allows the user to adjust both the compression rate and the colour depth individually. Depending
on the selected compression rate, the data stream between the freeView IP 100 and the Remote
Console will be compressed in order to save bandwidth. Increasing the compression rate
requires more resources from the freeView IP 100, thus should not be used when multiple users
are accessing the remote console simultaneously.
The default color depth is 16 Bit (65536 colors). The other color depths are intended for slower
network connections since they require less bandwidth. Therefore compression level 0 (no
compression) uses only 16 Bit color depth. At lower bandwidths, only 4 Bit (16 colors) and 2 Bit
(4 gray scales) are recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-quality pictures have best
results with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit color depth (black/white) should only be used for
extremely slow network connections.
35
5.5.2
Remote Console Status Line
Status line
The status line shows both the console and the connection state. The size of the remote screen
is displayed as well. Figure 5-15 shows a Remote Console with a resolution of 1024x768 pixels.
The value in brackets describes the connection to the Remote Console. “Norm” indicates a
standard connection without encryption, “SSL” indicates a secure connection.
Figure 5-15: Status Line
Furthermore, both the incoming (“In”) and the outgoing (“Out”) network traffic are visible in kb/s. If
compressed encoding is enabled, a value in brackets displays the compressed transfer rate.
Figure 5-16: Bandwidth Usage
For more information about Monitor Only and Exclusive Access settings, see the next section.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
6 Menu Options
6.1
Remote Control
The Remote Control menu allows the user to access the host system via web interface or Telnet.
6.1.1
KVM Console
Figure 6-1: KVM Console
There are several methods to open the Remote Console window: click the Console icon on the
top bar, click the menu entry KVM Console on the left menu bar, or click on the console picture
on the right. To refresh the static picture of the remote host screen, click on the “Refresh” button.
37
6.1.2
Telnet Console
Figure 6-2: Telnet Console
The freeView IP 100 features a Telnet server that enables the user to connect to the host via a
standard Telnet client. If the Telnet program uses a VT100, VT102 or VT220 terminal emulation
(or a similar emulation), it is possible to perform a console redirection as long as the host
machine is using a text based operating system (e.g. Unix).
Connecting to the freeView IP 100 requires a telnet client on the local machine. To access the
device, run the telnet program and specify the IP address of the unit. For example, if the unit’s IP
address is 192.168.1.22, type in “telnet 192.168.1.22” in Unix or Windows. Once connected, the
user will be prompted for username and password. The credentials for authentication are
identical to those of the web interface.
Once the user has successfully logged into the device, a command line will be presented and the
user can enter management commands.
The Telnet interface supports two operation modes: the command line mode and the terminal
mode. The command line mode is used to control or display device parameters. In terminal mode
the connection is made from the local machine to the device connected to the serial port on the
unit (if the serial settings are set correctly). All user input on the local machine are redirected to
the device connected to the serial port and the response is displayed on the Telnet interface.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
The following list shows the commands available in mode command and their usage.
Command Description
help
Displays the list of available commands
cls
Clears the screen
quit
Exits the current session and disconnects from the client
version
Displays the release information
terminal
Starts the terminal passthrough mode for the serial port. The key sequence “esc
exit” switches back to the command mode. The command has an optional
parameter (1 or 2) to select the desired serial port for passthrough access (only
number 1 is supported at this time).
Table 6-1: Telnet Commands
6.2
Virtual Media
The Virtual Media menu allows the user to set up virtual media devices. Virtual media allows the
user to access floppy drives, CD-ROMs, or external drives on the host machine from the client,
and vice versa.
6.2.1
Floppy Disk
Figure 6-3: Virtual Floppy Disk Screen
Upload a Floppy Image
To upload a floppy image to the freeView IP 100 from the local client for use on the host machine,
follow these steps:
39
•
Create an image of the floppy disk. See the next section for instructions on creating a floppy
disk image.
•
Type in the path of the image in the web interface. The path can be entered manually, or can
be browsed by using the “Browse…” button on the interface.
Figure 6-4: Select Image File
•
The maximum image size is 1.44MB. To use a larger image, mount this image via a Windows
Share (SAMBA) (see the next Section titled “Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA) for
details)”.
•
Click on the “Upload” button to initiate the transfer of the selected image file to the freeView
IP 100’s onboard memory. This image file is kept in the onboard memory of the device until
the end of the current session, until the user logs out, or when the device is rebooted.
6.2.2
CD-ROM Image
Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA)
To include an image from a Windows share, select “CD-ROM Image” from the submenu.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-5: Virtual CD-ROM Image Screen
Figure 6-6: Select Windows Share
The following information has to be entered to mount the image properly:
Share host: The server name, or its IP address.
Share name: The name of the share to be used.
Path to image: The path of the image file on the share.
User (optional): If necessary, specify the user name for the share. If unspecified, and a guest
account is activated, the guest account information will be used as the login.
Password (optional): If necessary, specify the password required for the user name.
41
To register the specified file image and its location click on the button “Set”.
The specified image file must be accessible on the network from the freeView IP 100. It is
important to specify correct IP addresses and device names. Otherwise, the device may not be
able to access the referenced image file.
Additionally, ensure that the specified share is configured correctly, including granting
administrator permissions to the share. Drives should be shared by the system administrator (or
“root” on UNIX systems). Contact the network administrator for details.
Windows 2000/XP
Open Windows Explorer, navigate to the directory (or share), and click the right mouse button to
open the context menu.
Figure 6-7: Windows Explorer Context Menu
Select “Sharing” to open the configuration dialog.
Figure 6-8: Share Configuration Dialog
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Adjust the settings for the selected directory.
•
Enable sharing on the directory by selecting “Share this folder”.
•
Enter a name for the share. A short description for this folder can also be added in the
“Comment” field.
•
Adjust the permissions if required by clicking on “Permissions”.
•
Click “OK” to set the options for this share.
Unix, Solaris, Linux
To access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be configured properly. Either edit the SAMBA
configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf, or use the Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) or
WebMin to set the correct parameters.
For additional options see the Section titled Options for details.
6.2.3
Creating An Image
Floppy Images
Unix, Solaris, Linux
To create an image file, use the “dd” command in the operating system. This is a standard
command included with most Unix, Solaris, and Linux distributions.
To create a floppy image file, copy the contents of a floppy to a file using the following command:
dd [ if=/dev/fd0 ] [ of=/tmp/floppy.image ]
In this example, dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/fd0, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/floppy.image.
MS Windows
A third party utility is required to create a floppy disk image. One such utility is RawWrite written
by John Newbigin which can be found here:
http://uranus.it.swin.edu.au/~jn/linux/rawwrite.htm
Note that this is a third party software and is only mentioned as a reference and is neither
endorsed or supported by freedom9.
43
Figure 6-9: RawWrite for Windows Selection Dialog
From the menu, select the tab “Read”. Enter (or select) the name of the file in which the floppy
content should be saved. Click on the “Copy” button to initiate the image creation process.
CD-ROM/ISO Images
Unix, Solaris, Linux
To create an image file, use the “dd” command in the operating system. This is a standard
command included with most Unix, Solaris, and Linux distributions.
To create a CDROM image file, copy the contents of the CDROM to a file. The following
command can be used:
dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ]
In this example, dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrin, and saves the output in the
specified output file /tmp/cdrom.image.
MS Windows
To create the image file, use a third party CD imaging tool. Copy the whole contents of the disc
into one single image file on the local hard disk.
For example, with “Nero” software, choose “Copy and Backup”. Then, navigate to the “Copy
Disc” section. Select the CD-ROM or DVD drive to create an image from. Specify the filename of
the image, and save the CD-ROM contents in that file.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-10: Nero Selection Dialog
6.2.4
Drive Redirection
Figure 6-11: Drive Redirection Menu
Driver Installation
Follow the KVM Vision Viewer Setup Wizard to install the driver from the included CD-ROM.
45
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-12: KVM Vision Viewer Setup
Create a New Device
•
Start KVM Vision Viewer
•
Click on “Device” and select “New Device” to create a new device
47
Figure 6-13: Create a New Device
Figure 6-14: Device Configuration Dialog
Device Name: Enter a name for the device.
Network Address: Enter the IP address of device.
Authentication Port: This is a fixed number “443”.
Username: The factory default Username is “super”
Password: The factory default Password is “pass”.
Connection Mode: Select whether the connection mode is “LAN”, “DSL”, “UMTS”, “ISDN 128k’
or “ISDN/Modem V9.0”.
•
Click OK. The new device will be added as shown in Figure 6-15.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-15: New Device Added
Drive Redirection Settings
•
Move the cursor to the new device that has been created.
•
Click on “Device” then select “Drive Redirection” and “Redirect local drive”.
Figure 6-16: Drive Redirection Setting
Figure 6-17: Drive Redirection Dialog
Drive to redirect: Select the local drive to be shared with the remote computer, which can be a
floppy disc, CD-ROM, USB drive or hard drive.
49
Port: This should be set to “443”.
Allow Write Support: Allows the host to write to the shared drive. Note: This feature may result
in the data on the shared drive being erased, back up all data before enabling this feature.
Device Authentication: The factory default Username is “super” and the default Password is
“pass”.
•
Click OK. The new device icon will be changed as shown in Figure 6-18.
Figure 6-18: Drive Redirection Completed
Note: Drive Redirection is only available with Microsoft Windows 2000 and the later.
Note: The Drive Redirection works on a low SCSI level and the SCSI protocol cannot recognize
partitions; therefore the whole drive selected will be shared instead of any particular partition.
Note: While connecting to a legacy KVM switch, select PS/2 mouse for Keyboard/Mouse
setting. Otherwise Hot-keys cannot be used.
6.2.5
Options
Figure 6-19: USB Mass Storage Option
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) if no image file is
currently loaded. If not set, and no file image is loaded, the host system may hang on boot due to
changes in the boot order, or the boot manager (LILO, GRUB). This mainly affects Windows
versions 2000 and XP, but other OS might be affected as well. This behavior depends on the
BIOS version used in that machine.
6.3
User Management
The User Management menu allows the user to manage user accounts on the freeView IP 100.
6.3.1
Change Password
Figure 6-20: Set Password
To change the current user’s password, enter the new password in the upper entry field. Retype
the password in the filed below. Click “Apply” to submit the changes.
51
6.3.2
Users And Groups
Figure 6-21: Set User
The freeView IP 100 comes with 2 pre-configured user accounts that have fixed permissions.
The account “super” has all possible rights to configure the device and use all of the functions
available. The account “user” only has permission to open and use the Remote Console.
By default, both accounts have the password pass. Remember to change these passwords
immediately after the device has been installed and accessed for the first time.
While the “user” account never sees the following options, the “super” account can change the
name and password for both accounts.
Existing users: Select an existing user for modification. Once a user has been selected, click
the lookup button to see the user information.
New user name: The new user name for the selected account.
Password: The password for the login name. It must be at least four characters long.
Confirm password: Confirm of the password above.
6.4
KVM Settings
The KVM Settings menu allows the user to change settings related to the remote console.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
6.4.1
User Console
The settings for the User Consoler are user specific. Meaning the super user can customize
these settings for every users separately. Changing the settings for one user does not affect the
settings for the other users.
Figure 6-22: User Console Settings (Part 1)
User select box: This selection box displays the user ID which is being modified. The “super”
user can change the settings of other users.
Transmission Encoding: The Transmission Encoding setting changes the image-encoding
algorithm that is used to transmit the video data to the Remote Console window. It is possible to
optimize the speed of the remote screen depending on the number of users working at the same
time and the bandwidth of the connection (Modem, ISDN, DSL, LAN, etc.).
•
Automatic detection: The encoding and the compression level is determined automatically
from the available bandwidth and the current content of the video image.
•
Pre-configured: The pre-configured settings deliver the best result because of optimized
adjustment of compression and colour depth for the indicated network speed.
•
Manually: Allows both the compression rate and the colour depth to be adjusted individually.
Depending on the selected compression rate the data stream between the freeView IP 100
and the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save bandwidth. Increasing the
compression rate requires more resources from the freeView IP 100, thus should not be used
when multiple users are accessing the remote console simultaneously. The default color
53
depth is 16 Bit (65536 colors). The other color depths are intended for slower network
connections since they require less bandwidth. Therefore compression level 0 (no
compression) uses only 16 Bit color depth. At lower bandwidths, only 4 Bit (16 colors) and 2
Bit (4 gray scales) are recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-quality pictures
have best results with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit color depth (black/white) should only be
used for extremely slow network connections.
Figure 6-22: User Console Settings (Part 2)
Remote Console Type: Specifies which Remote Console Viewer to use, the Default
Java-Virtual Machine or Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin.
•
Default Java VM: Selects the default Java Virtual Machine of the Browser. This may be the
Microsoft JVM or the Sun JVM depending on the configuration. Use of the Sun JVM may also
be forced by selecing Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin
•
Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin: Instructs the web browser of the local system to
use the JVM from Sun Microsystems. The JVM in the browser is used to run the code for the
Remote Console window, which is a Java Applet. If this box is checked and the appropriate
Java plug-in is not already installed on the system, it will be downloaded and installed
automatically. Once installation begins, follow the step by step instructions in install the virtual
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
machine. The advantage of downloading Sun's JVM is that it provides a stable and identical
Java Virtual Machine across different platforms. The Remote Console software is optimized
for this JVM version and offers a wider range of functionality when run in Sun's JVM.
Miscellaneous Remote Console Settings:
•
Start in Monitor Mode: Sets the initial value for the monitor mode. By default the monitor
mode is off. If this feature is turned on, the Remote Console window will start in read only
mode.
•
Start in Exclusive Access Mode: Enables exclusive access mode immediately at Remote
Console startup. This forces the Remote Consoles of all other users to close. No one can
open the Remote Console at the same time again until this user disables exclusive access or
logs off.
Mouse Hotkey: Allows the user to specify a hotkey combination which starts either the mouse
synchronization process if pressed in the Remote Console, or is used to leave the single mouse
mode.
Remote Console Button Keys: Button Keys allow simulating keystrokes on the remote system
that cannot be generated locally. The reason for this might be a missing key on the keyboard or
that the operating system on the local machine is catching these keystroke already. Typical
examples are “Control+Alt+Delete” and “Alt+Tab” on Windows and DOS, what are always caught
locally, or “Control+Backspace” on Linux for terminating the X-Server. The syntax to define a new
Button Key is as follows:
[confirm] <keycode>[+|-[*]<keycode>]*
“confirm” requests confirmation by a dialog box before the key strokes will be sent to the remote
host.
“keycode” is the key to be sent. Multiple key codes can be concatenated with a plus, or a minus
sign. The plus sign builds key combinations, all keys will be pressed until a minus sign or the end
of the combination is encountered. In this case all pressed keys will be released in reversed
sequence. The minus sign builds single, separate key presses and releases. The star inserts a
pause with duration of 100 milliseconds.
55
6.4.2
Keyboard/Mouse
Figure 6-23: Keyboard and Mouse Settings
Host Interface: Sets which interface the mouse is connected to. The choices are “Auto” for
automatic detection, “USB” for a USB mouse, and “PS/2” for a PS/2 mouse.
Note: To use the USB and/or PS/2 interface, the correct cabling (USB and/or PS/2) needs to be
connected between the freeView IP 100 and the host server. If the managed host does not
support USB keyboards at the BIOS level, and a USB interface is being used, remote keyboard
access will not be available during the boot process of the host. If both USB and PS/2 interfaces
are connected and “Auto” is selected as the host interface, the device will select “USB” if
available, otherwise it falls back to “PS/2”.
To have USB remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host, the following
conditions must be fulfilled:
•
The host BIOS must have USB keyboard support
•
The USB cable must be connected and must be selected in the Host interface option
PS/2 Keyboard Model: Selects the keyboard layout. Available options are “Generic 101-Key
PC” for a standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard layout
extendend by three additional windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a Japanese keyboard,
and “Apple Macintosh” for an Apple Macintosh keyboard.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
USB Mouse Type: Selects the USB mouse type. Available options are “MS Windows 2000 or
newer” for MS Windows 2000 or Windows XP, or “Other Operating Systems” for MS Windows NT,
Linux, or OS X. In “MS Windows 2000 or newer” mode the remote mouse is always synchronized
with the local mouse.
Mouse Speed:
•
Auto mouse speed: Select this option if mouse acceleration is enabled on the host system.
The freeView IP 100 will try to detect the acceleration and speed of the mouse during the
mouse sync process.
•
Fixed mouse speed: Use a direct translation of mouse movements between the local
mouse and the remote pointer.
A fixed scaling can also be set which determines the number of pixels the remote mouse pointer
is moved when the local mouse pointer is moved by one pixel. This option only works when the
mouse settings on the host are linear (i.e. mouse acceleration is disabled).
6.4.3
Video
Figure 6-24: Video Settings
Miscellaneous Video Settings
•
Noise filter: This option defines how the freeView IP 100 reacts to small changes in the
video input signal. A large filter setting uses less network traffic and leads to a faster video
display, but small changes in the display may not be recognized and updated on the remote
immediately. A small filter setting displays all changes on the remote host instantly but will
produce more network traffic (depending on the quality of the video input signal). In general,
the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
57
•
Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers): To support signal transmission
from a Sun machine, enable this option. If not enabled, the picture of the remote console will
not be visible.
6.5
Device Settings
The Device Settings menu allows the user to configure the freeView IP 100 itself.
6.5.1
Network
The Network Settings panel as shown in Figure 6-25 allows network related parameters to be
changed. Each parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new network settings will
immediately come into effect.
Note: See Section 4 for instructions on installing the freeView IP 100 initially.
Note: Changing the device’s network settings may result in loss of connection if the supplied
network settings are incorrect.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-25: Network Settings
IP auto configuration: This option determines if the device should get its network settings from
a DHCP or BOOTP server, or none at all (manual IP address). For DHCP, select “dhcp”, and for
BOOTP select “bootp” accordingly. If “none” is selected, then IP auto configuration is disabled.
IP address: The IP address in of the unit.
Subnet Mask: The subnet mask of the local network.
Gateway IP address: In order for the freeView IP 100 to be accessible from networks other than
the local network, this IP address must be set to the local network router's IP address.
Primary DNS server IP Address: IP address of the primary Domain Name Server. If this field is
empty, the unit will not be able to perform name resolution.
Secondary DNS server IP Address: IP address of the secondary Domain Name Server. It will
59
be used if the Primary DNS Server cannot be contacted.
Remote Console and HTTPS port: Port number which the device’s Remote Console server
and HTTPS server are listening on. If left empty the default value will be used.
HTTP port: Port number which the device’s HTTP server is listening on. If left empty the default
value will be used.
Telnet port: Port number which the device’s Telnet server is listening on. If left empty the default
value will be used.
Bandwidth limitation: The maximum network traffic generated by the device. Value in kbit/s.
Enable Telnet access: Select this option to allow access to the freeView IP 100 using the Telnet
Gateway see Section 6.5.5 for more details.
Disable Setup Protocol: Enable this option to exclude the freeView IP 100 from the setup
protocol.
6.5.2
Dynamic DNS
Figure 6-26: Dynamic DNS
A freely available Dynamic DNS service (e.g. dyndns.org) can be used in the scenario shown in
Figure 6-27:
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Figure 6-27: Dynamic DNS Scenario
The freeView IP 100 is reachable from the internet via the IP address of the DSL router, which is
dynamically assigned by the service provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP
address assigned by the provider at any given time, the freeView IP 100 connects to a special
dynamic DNS server at regular intervals and registers its IP address there. The administrator can
then contact the dynamic DNS server and find the IP address of the device.
The administrator has to register the device that is with the Dynamic DNS service provider and
assign a hostname (URL) to it. The Dynamic DNS service provider will assign a nickname and a
password to the administrator. The hostname and the account information are needed to
determine the IP address of the registered device.
The following steps detail how to enable Dynamic DNS:
•
Ensure that the LAN interface of the freeView IP 100 is properly configured.
•
Enter the Dynamic DNS Settings configuration dialog as shown in Figure 6-26.
•
Enable Dynamic DNS and specify the settings appropriately (see below).
Enable Dynamic DNS: This enables the Dynamic DNS service. This requires a configured DNS
server IP address.
Dynamic DNS server: This is the name of the server where the device registers itself at regular
intervals. Currently, this is a fixed setting since only dyndns.org is presently supported.
Hostname: This is the hostname of the device that is provided by the Dynamic DNS Server. Use
the whole name including the domain, (e.g. testserver.dyndns.org), not just the actual hostname.
61
Username: The username provided by the Dynamic DNS Server. Spaces are not allowed in the
username.
Password: The password provided by the Dynamic DNS Server.
Check time: The time which the device registers itself with the Dynamic DNS server.
Check interval: The time interval which the device registers itself with the Dynamic DNS based
on the Check time parameter above.
Note: The freeView IP 100 has its own independent real-time clock. Ensure the time setting on
the device is correct, see the section titled “Date and Time”.
6.5.3
Security
Figure 6-28: Device Security
Force HTTPS: When enabled, this option restricts access to the web interface to HTTPS
connections only. The freeView IP will not listen on the HTTP port for incoming connections.
For instructions on creating a customer SSL certificate that is used to identify the freeView IP 100,
see the Section 6.5.4 titled “Certificate”.
KVM encryption: This option controls the encryption of the RFB protocol. RFB is used by the
Remote Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator machine and keyboard
and mouse data back to the host. If set to “Off”, no encryption will be used. If set to “Try”, the
applet tries to create an encrypted connection. If an encrypted connection cannot be made, an
unencrypted connection will be used. If set to “Force”, the applet tries to create an encrypted
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
connection. If an encrypted connection cannot be made, an error will be reported.
6.5.4
Certificate
Figure 6-29: Certificate Settings
The freeView IP 100 uses the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol for any encrypted network
traffic between itself and a connected client. During the connection establishment, the device has
to expose its identity to a client using a cryptographic certificate. By default, this certificate and
the underlying secret key is the same for all freeView IP 100’s and will not match the network
configuration that will the device is connected to. The certificate's underlying secret key is also
used for securing the SSL handshake. Hence, there is still a potential security risk when using
the default SSL certificate, but it is more secure than no encryption at all.
It is possible to generate and install a new certificate that is unique for a particular freeView IP
100. In order to do this, the freeView IP 100 can generate a new cryptographic key and the
associated Certificate Signing Request (CSR) that needs to be certified by a certification
authority (CA). A certification authority verifies that the device and identity are legitimate and
signs and issues a SSL certificate for the device.
The following steps are necessary to create and install a SSL certificate for the freeView IP 100:
•
Create an SSL Certificate Signing Request using the panel shown in Figure 6-29. Complete
the fields on the page. The fields are explained below. Once completed, click on the “Create”
63
button which will initiate the Certificate Signing Request generation. The CSR can be
downloaded to the local machine with the “Download CSR” button (see Figure 6-30).
•
Send the saved CSR to a CA for certification. Once the CA has completed their
authentication process, a new certificate will be issued for the device..
•
Upload the certificate to the freeView IP 100 using the “Upload” button as shown in Figure
6-30.
Figure 6-30: SSL Certificate Upload
After completing these three steps, the freeView IP 100 will have its own certificate that is used
for identifying the card to its clients.
Note: If the CSR on the device is lost or destroyed, it cannot be recovered. The steps above
must be completed again in order to obtain a new certificate.
Common name: This is the network name of the freeView IP 100 once it is installed in the
network (usually the fully qualified domain name). It is identical to the name that is used to
access the device with a web browser (without the “http://” prefix). In case the name given here
and the actual network name differ, the browser will pop up a security warning when the unit is
accessed using HTTPS.
Organizational unit: This field is used for specifying which department within an organization
owns the device.
Organization: The name of the organization.
Locality/City: The city where the organization is located.
State/Province: The state or province where the organization is located.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Country (ISO code): The country where the organization is located. This is the two-letter ISO
code, e.g. DE for Germany, CA for Canada, or US for the USA.
Challenge Password: Some certification authorities require a challenge password to authorize
later changes to the certificate (e.g. revocation of the certificate). The minimum length of this
password is 4 characters.
Confirm Challenge Password: Confirmation of the Challenge Password
Email: The email address of a contact person that is responsible for the unit and its security.
Key length: This is the length of the generated key in bits. 1024 Bits is sufficient for most cases.
Longer keys may result in slower response time of the device during connection establishment.
6.5.5
Serial Port
Figure 6-31: Serial Port
The freeView IP 100’s Serial Settings (Figure 6-31) allows the user to specify what type of device
is connected to the serial port and how to use it.
Configuration or console login: Do not use the serial port for any special function, use it only
for the initial configuration (see Table 4-1).
Modem: The freeView IP 100 offers remote access using a telephone line in addition to the
standard access over the Ethernet network. The modem needs to be connected to the serial
65
interface of the freeView IP 100.
A user can connect to the freeView IP 100 using a telephone line the same way that it would
connect to an Internet Service Provider (ISP). By dialing the telephone number of the modem
using third-party modem software on the local computer, the user can connect to the device
through normal telephone lines. The connection is established using the Point-to-Point Protocol
(PPP). Before connecting to the device, ensure that the console computer is configured correctly.
For instance, Windows based operating systems default to PPP for dial-up network connections,
which is correct.
The Modem Settings panel sets the parameters used by the client to connect to the device. An
explanation of the parameters is included below.
•
Serial line speed: The speed the freeView IP 100 uses to communicate with the modem.
Most modems available today will support the default value of 115200 bps. If an older modem
is used and problems occur, try lowering this value.
•
Modem init string: The initialization string used by the freeView IP 100 to initialize the
modem. The default value will work with all standard modern modems directly connected to a
telephone line. If a special modem is used or if the modem is connected to a local telephone
switch that requires a special dial sequence to establish a connection to the public telephone
network, change this setting by entering the correct a new string. Refer to the modem's
manual about the AT command syntax to use.
•
Modem server IP address: This IP address will be assigned to the freeView IP 100 itself
during the PPP handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection, almost any IP address
is permitted, but it cannot be the same as the Ethernet connection of the device or the client.
The default value will work in most cases.
•
Modem client IP address: This IP address will be assigned to the console computer during
the PPP handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection, almost any IP address is
permitted, but it cannot be the same as the Ethernet connection of the device or the client.
The default value will work in most cases.
Passthrough access to serial port via Telnet: If this option is enabled, a device with a serial
interface (e.g. a managed switch) can be controlled by the local computer. Select the
appropriate options for the serial port and use the Telnet Console, or a standard Telnet client to
connect to the device.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
6.5.6
Date And Time
Figure 6-32: Date and Time
This page allows the user to set the internal real-time clock of the freeView IP 100 switch can be
set up (Figure 6-27). The time can be set manually or using an NTP (Network Time Protocol)
server. If an NTP server is not used, the internal clock will need to be reset if the unit loses power
for several minutes. The alternative is to use an NTP server, which set up the internal clock
automatically to the current UTC (Coordinated Universal Time, also known as GMT) time.
Because the NTP server time is always UTC, the UTC offset must be correct in order for the
device to have the correct time.
Note: The device does not adjust for daylight savings time automatically, so the UTC offset will
have to be adjusted manually for daylight savings time.
67
6.5.7
Event Log
Figure 6-33: Event Log
Important events such as a login failure or a firmware update are logged to a selection of logging
destinations (see Figure 6-33). Each of these events belongs to an event group, which can be
selected separately.
List logging enabled: This is the main method to log events. This method uses the internal log
list of the freeView IP 100. To display the log, click on “Event Log” under the “Maintenance” menu.
The number of log entries shown per page can be changed in this section, and the log can also
be cleared by clicking the “Clear” button. Note: The maximum number of events that can be
recorded in the log is 1000. Any entry added above this will overwrite the oldest entry in the log.
Also, if the device is reset through the web interface, the log information will be stored. However,
if the device loses power or a hard reset is performed, the log will be cleared.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
NFS Logging enabled: If this option is selected, the freeView IP 100 will export the log
information to a directory or static link on an NFS server. To write log data from more than one
freeView IP 100 to the same NFS share, a unique file name must be defined for each device.
Once the NFS settings are complete, click the “Apply” button. The NFS share will be mounted
immediately. If the NFS share and the NFS server are not available, an error message will
appear.
Note: Unlike the internal log file, the size of the NFS log file is not limited by the device. Every log
event will be appended to the end of the file so it will grow continuously. Remember to clean out
old log entries from the file regularly.
SMTP Logging enabled: If this option is selected, the freeView IP 100 will e-mail the log to an
e-mail address specified in the Sender Email Address field. These e-mails contain the same
information as the internal log file and the mail subject is filled with the event group of the
occurred log event. In order to use this feature, an SMTP server must be specified which is
accessible by the device and does not require authentication. The information should be entered
in the following format:
<serverip>:<port>
SNMP Logging enabled: If this option is selected, the freeView IP 100 will send an SNMP trap
to a specified destination IP address every time a log event occurs. If the receiver requires a
community string, it can be set in the appropriate text field. Most of the event traps only contain
one descriptive string with all information about the log event. Only authentication and host
power events have their own trap class that consists of several fields with detailed information
about the event. A third party SNMP monitor is required to receive the traps.
69
6.6
6.6.1
Maintenance
Device Information
Figure 6-34: Device Information
This section contains summary information about the device and its current firmware.
Figure 6-35: Connected Users
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
The Connected Users section shown in Figure 6-35 shows which users are connected to the
device. The user’s name, IP address, and current status are displayed. The letters “RC” beside a
user’s name means that the Remote Console is open. If the Remote Console is opened in
exclusive mode, the term (exclusive) will be displayed.
6.6.2
Event log
Figure 6-36: Event Log List
Figure 6-36 shows the log list including events that are logged by the freeView IP 100.
6.6.3
Update Firmware
Figure 6-37: Update Firmware
The freeView IP 100 is a complete standalone device. The software that runs on the device is
called the firmware. The firmware of the freeView IP 100 can be updated remotely in order to add
71
new functionality or special features.
A new firmware update is a binary file which can be found on the freedom9 website at
http://www.freedom9.com. If the firmware file is compressed (file suffix .zip) then it must be
unzipped before it can be installed. Windows users can use WinZip from http://www.winzip.com/
to unzip the file. Other operating systems will have their own unzip programs.
Before updating the firmware of the device, the new uncompressed firmware file has to be saved
on the local machine.
To update the firmware, follow these steps:
•
Save the firmware file on the local computer.
•
Type in the path and filename of the firmware file, or click “Browse…” and search for the file
on the system.
•
Click “Upload”.
•
Once the firmware file has been uploaded, it is checked to see if it is a valid firmware file and
whether there were any transmission errors. In the case of an error, the Upload Firmware
function will be aborted.
•
Verify the new version of the firmware, and click “Update”. Note: This process is non
reversible and might take a few minutes. Make sure the freeView IP 100 is not powered off
during the update process, otherwise the device may be permanently damaged.
•
After the firmware has been saved, a prompt will appear to reset the device manually. After
the unit is reset, the new firmware will be loaded. However, the user will have to log into the
unit again.
•
Note: The firmware update procedure is thorough in looking for errors and inconsistencies,
reducing the chances of an error occurring. However, only experienced staff or administrators
should perform a firmware update. Ensure that the device is not powered off during the
firmware upgrade.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
6.6.4
Unit Reset
Figure 6-38: Unit Reset
This section allows the user to reset specific parts of the device. The parts include: the keyboard
and mouse, the video engine, and the entire device itself. Resetting the device itself is mainly
needed to activate a newly updated firmware. It will close all current connections to the
administration console and to the Remote Console. The whole process will take about half a
minute. Resetting sub devices (e.g. video engine) will take only a few seconds and does not
result in closing connections.
Note: Only the super user is allowed to reset the device.
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7 Troubleshooting
Q 001: The remote mouse doesn’t work or is not synchronized.
A 001: Make sure the mouse settings on the device match the mouse model. There are some
circumstances where the mouse synchronization process could behave incorrectly, refer to
Section 5.5.1 for more details.
Q 002: The video quality is bad or the picture is grainy.
A 002: Try to correct the brightness and contrast settings (see Section 6.4.3) until the picture
improves. Use the auto adjustment feature to correct a flickering video.
Q 003: Can’t log into the freeView IP 100.
A 003: Verify the username and password. Be default, the user ”super” has the password ”pass”.
Also, ensure that the web browser is configured to accept cookies.
Q 004: The Remote Console window can’t connect to the host.
A 004: A firewall may be preventing access to the Remote Console. Make sure that TCP port
numbers 80 or 443 are open for incoming TCP connection establishments.
Q 005: No connection can be established to the freeView IP 100.
A 005: Check whether the network connection is working (ping the IP address of device). If not,
check the network hardware and check if the device is powered on. Check whether the IP
address of the device and all other IP related settings are correct. Check that there isn’t an IP
conflict on the network (multiple devices using the same IP address). Verify that all of the IP
infrastructure of your LAN, like routers etc., is correctly configured.
Q 006: Special key combinations, e.g. ALT+F2, ALT+F3 are intercepted by the console system
and not transmitted to the host.
A 006: A ’Hot-key’ needs to be defined for special key combinations. See Section 5.5.1 for more
details.
Q 007: The web interface of the device looks abnormal.
A 007: Ensure the web browser cache settings are correct. Particularly, check that the cache
settings are not set to ”Never check for newer pages”. Otherwise, the device interface may be
loaded from the browser cache and not from the device.
Q 008: Windows XP doesn’t awake from standby mode.
A 008: This is likely a Windows XP problem. Try not to move the mouse when XP goes into
standby mode.
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
Q 009: Can’t upload the signed certificate in MacOS X.
A 009: If an ’internal error’ occurs while uploading the signed certificate, either change the
extension of the file to .txt or add a file helper using the Internet Explorer preferences for this type
of file. Make sure that the encoding is plain text and the checkbox ’use for outgoing’ is checked. If
this does not work, try using a Mozilla based browser.
Q 010: Every time I open a dialog box with some buttons, the mouse pointers are not
synchronous anymore
A 010: Ensure that the feature “Automatically move mouse pointer to the default button of dialog
boxes” is disabled on the host system.
7.1
Certificates
FCC
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with Part 15 of the FCC Rules.
is subject to the following two conditions:
Operation
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference
(2) This device must accept any interference received. Including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
CE – Certificate
This equipment is in compliance with the requirements of the following regulations: EN 55 022:
CLASS B
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A. Pin Assignments
A.1 VGA HD-15
A.2 RJ 45 Connector Ethernet
A.3 RJ 45 Connector ISDN
Same as above.
A.4 Serial SUB-D 9 Connector 1
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
A.5 KVM 15 pin connector
B. Key Codes
Table B-1 shows the key codes used to defines keystrokes or hotkeys for several functions. Note
that these key codes do not represent necessarily key characters that are used on international
keyboards. The names are based on a standard 104 key PC keyboard with an US English
language mapping. The layout for this keyboard is shown in Figure B-1. However, most modifier
keys and other alphanumeric keys used for hotkey purposes in application programs are in the
same position as a US English keyboard, no matter what language mapping is used. Some of
the keys have aliases which means they can have 2 different key codes (separated by a comma
in the table).
77
Figure B-1: English (US) Keyboard Layout
Key (and aliases)
Key (and aliases)
Key (and aliases)
0–9
SPACE
PAGE DOWN
A-Z
ALTGR
UP
, TILDE
ESCAPE, ESC
LEFT
-, MINUS
F1
DOWN
=, EQUALS
F2
RIGHT
;
F3
NUM LOCK
’
F4
NUMPAD0
<, LESS
F5
NUMPAD1
,
F6
NUMPAD2
.
F7
NUMPAD3
/, SLASH
F8
NUMPAD4
BACK SPACE
F9
NUMPAD5
TAB
F10
NUMPAD6
[
F11
NUMPAD7
]
F12
NUMPAD8
ENTER
PRINTSCREEN
NUMPAD9
CAPS LOCK
SCROLL LOCK
NUMPADPLUS,NUMPAD PLUS
\, BACK SLASH
BREAK
NUMPAD/
LSHIFT, SHIFT
INSERT
NUMPADMUL, NUMPAD MUL
RCTRL
HOME
NUMPADMINUS, NUMPAD MINUS
RSHIFT
PAGE UP
NUMPADENTER
LCTRL, CTRL
DELETE
WINDOWS
LALT, ALT
END
MENU
Table B-1: Key Names
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freeView IP 100 User’s Manual
C. Video Modes
Table C-1 lists the video modes supported by the freeView IP 100. Do not use custom video
settings besides that are not listed in the following table. Otherwise the freeView IP 100 may not
be able to detect them.
Resolution (x, y) Refresh Rates (Hz)
640 x 350
70, 85
640 x 400
56, 70, 85
640 x 480
60, 67, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100, 120
720 x 400
70, 85
800 x 600
56, 60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
832 x 624
75
1024 x 768
60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
1152 x 864
75
1152 x 870
75
1152 x 900
66
1280 x 960
60
1280 x 1024
60, 75
Table C-1: Supported Video Modes
D. Rack Mount Kit Installation Diagram
Figure D-1: Rack Mount Installation Diagram
79