Specifications | Frymaster 24G Series Fryer User Manual

24G Series Flatbottom Gas Fryers
Installation & Operation Manual
Models 1824G & 2424G
NON-CE &
Dean, a member of the Commercial Food Equipment Service Association, recommends using
CFESA Certified Technicians.
24-Hour Service Hotline 1-800-551-8633
PRINTED IN THE USA
DECEMBER 2003
*8196000*
Please read all sections of this manual and retain for future reference.
NOTICE
This appliance is intended for professional use only and is to be operated by qualified
personnel only. A Dean Factory Authorized Service Center (FASC) or other qualified
professional should perform installation, maintenance, and repairs. Installation, maintenance,
or repairs by unqualified personnel may void the manufacturer’s warranty.
NOTICE
This equipment must be installed in accordance with the appropriate national and local codes of
the country and/or region in which the appliance is installed. See NATIONAL CODE
REQUIREMENTS in Chapter 3 of this manual for specifics.
NOTICE
Drawings and photos used in this manual are intended to illustrate operational, cleaning and
technical procedures and may not conform to onsite management operational procedures.
NOTICE
IF, DURING THE WARRANTY PERIOD, THE CUSTOMER USES A PART FOR THIS ENODIS
EQUIPMENT OTHER THAN AN UNMODIFIED NEW OR RECYCLED PART PURCHASED
DIRECTLY FROM FRYMASTER/DEAN, OR ANY OF ITS AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTERS,
AND/OR THE PART BEING USED IS MODIFIED FROM ITS ORIGINAL CONFIGURATION, THIS
WARRANTY WILL BE VOID. FURTHER, FRYMASTER/DEAN AND ITS AFFILIATES WILL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIMS, DAMAGES OR EXPENSES INCURRED BY THE CUSTOMER WHICH
ARISE DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, DUE TO THE INSTALLATION OF
ANY MODIFIED PART AND/OR PART RECEIVED FROM AN UNAUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER.
DANGER
Improper installation, adjustment, maintenance or service, and unauthorized alterations or
modifications can cause property damage, injury, or death. Read the installation, operating and
service instructions thoroughly before installing or servicing this equipment. Only qualified
service personnel may convert this appliance to use a gas other than that for which it was
originally configured.
DANGER
Adequate means must be provided to limit the movement of this appliance without depending
upon the gas line connection. Single fryers equipped with legs must be stabilized by installing
anchor straps. All fryers equipped with casters must be stabilized by installing restraining
chains. If a flexible gas line is used, an additional restraining cable must be connected at all
times when the fryer is in use.
DANGER
The front ledge of the fryer is not a step. Do not stand on the fryer. Serious injury can result
from slips or contact with the hot oil.
DANGER
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any
other cooking appliance.
DANGER
Instructions explaining procedures to be followed MUST be posted in a prominent location in
the event the operator detects a gas leak. This information can be obtained from the local gas
company or gas supplier.
DANGER
The crumb tray in fryers equipped with a filter system must be emptied into a fireproof container
at the end of frying operations each day. Some food particles can spontaneously combust if left
soaking in certain shortening material. Additional information can be obtained in the filtration
manual included with the system.
WARNING
No structural material on the fryer should be altered or removed to accommodate placement of
the fryer under a hood. Questions? Call the Dean Service Hotline at 1-800-551-8633.
WARNING
Do not bang fry baskets or other utensils on the fryer’s joiner strip. The strip is present to seal
the joint between the frypot. Banging fry baskets on the strip to dislodge shortening will distort
the strip, adversely affecting its fit. It is designed for a tight fit and should only be removed for
cleaning.
IMPORTANT
Safe and satisfactory operation of Dean equipment depends upon its proper installation.
Installation MUST conform with local codes, or in the absence of local codes, to National or
European Community (CE) Standards.
24G Series Flatbottom Gas Fryers
Installation & Operation Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page #
1.
INTRODUCTION
1-1
1.1
Applicability and Validity
1-1
1.2
Ordering Parts
1-1
1.3
Service Information
1-1
1.4
Safety Information
1-2
1.5
Service Personnel
1-2
2.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2-1
2.1
Receiving and Unpacking Equipment
2-1
2.2
General
2-1
2.3
Principles of Operation
2-3
2.4
Rating Plate
2-3
2.5
Pre-Installation
2-4
2.6
Equipment Installed at High Altitudes
2-5
2.7
Air Supply and Ventilation
2-5
2.8
Conversion of Units
2-6
3.
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3-1
3.1
Installing the Fryer
3-1
3.2
Leg and Caster Installation
3-1
3.3
Leveling the Fryer
3-2
3.4
Gas Connections
3-4
3.5
Adjustments/Adaptation to Different Gases
3-8
3.6
Gas Inputs
3-8
3.7
Gas Conversion Procedures
3-10
3.8
Gas Conversion Components
3-11
3.9
Electrical Connections
3-12
24G Series Flatbottom Gas Fryers
Installation & Operation Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONT.)
Page #
4.
FRYER OPERATIONS
4-1
4.1
Initial Start-up
4-1
4.2
Boil-Out Procedure
4-5
4.3
Final Preparation
4-7
5.
CONTROLLER OPERATION
5-1
5.1
Operating Fryers with Thermatron Controllers
5-1
6.
PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
6-1
6.1
General
6-1
7.
TROUBLESHOOTING
7-1
7.1
Pilot Burner Malfunction
7-1
7.2
Main Burner Malfunctions
7-2
7.3
Thermatron Controller Calibration
7-3
7.4
Recommended Spare Parts
7-4
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Applicability and Validity
The Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas model family has been approved by the European Union
(EU) for sale and installation in all EU countries.
This manual is applicable to and valid for all Dean 24G Flatbottom gas units sold in Englishspeaking countries, including those in the European Union. Where conflicts exist between
instructions and information in this manual and local or national codes of the country in which
the equipment is installed, installation and operation shall comply with those codes.
This appliance is only for professional use and shall be used by qualified personnel as defined
in Section 1.5.
1.2 Ordering Parts
Customers may order parts directly from their local Authorized Parts Distributor. For this address
and phone number, contact your maintenance and repair center or call the factory. The factory
address and phone numbers are on the back cover of this manual.
To speed up your order, the following information is required:
Model Number
Serial Number
Optional Equipment
Item Part Number
Type
Quantity Needed
1.3 Service Information
Call the 1-800-551-8633 or (318) 865-1711 Service Hotline number for the location of your nearest
maintenance and repair center. Always give the model and serial numbers of your fryer.
To assist you more efficiently, the following information will be needed:
Model Number
Serial Number
Optional
Equipment
Nature of Problem
Type
Additional information (i.e. cooking environment, time of day, and other pertinent
information) may be helpful in solving your service problem.
1-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.4 Safety Information
Before attempting to operate your unit, read the instructions in this manual thoroughly.
Throughout this manual, you will find notations enclosed in double-bordered boxes similar to the
ones below.
CAUTION
CAUTION boxes contain information about actions or conditions that may cause or result in a
malfunction of your system.
WARNING
WARNING boxes contain information about actions or conditions that may cause or result in
damage to your system, and which may cause your system to malfunction.
DANGER
DANGER boxes contain information about actions or conditions that may cause or result in injury
to personnel, and which may cause damage to your system and/or cause your system to malfunction.
1.5 Service Personnel
1.5.1 Definitions
A. Qualified and/or Authorized Operating Personnel
1.
Qualified/authorized operating personnel are those who have carefully read the information
in this manual and have familiarized themselves with the equipment functions, or have had
previous experience with the operation of equipment covered in this manual.
B. Qualified Installation Personnel
1.
Qualified installation personnel are individuals, or firms, corporations, or companies, which,
either in person or through a representative are engaged in and are responsible for the
installation of gas-fired appliances. Qualified personnel must be experienced in such work,
be familiar with all gas precautions involved, and have complied with all requirements of
applicable national and local codes.
1-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1.5.1 Definitions (cont.)
C. Qualified Service Personnel
1.
Qualified service personnel are those who are familiar with Dean equipment and have been
authorized by Dean to perform service on Dean equipment. All authorized service
personnel are required to be equipped with a complete set of service parts manuals and stock
a minimum amount of parts for Dean equipment. A list of Dean Factory Authorized Service
Centers (FASCs) was included with the fryer when shipped from the factory. Failure to use
qualified service personnel will void the Dean warranty on your equipment.
1-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.1 Receiving and Unpacking Equipment
A. Check that the container is upright. Use an outward prying motion - no hammering - to remove
the carton. Unpack the fryer carefully and remove all accessories from the carton. Do not discard
or misplace accessories. They will be needed.
B. After unpacking, immediately check the equipment for visible signs of shipping damage. If
damage has occurred, contact the carrier and file the appropriate freight claims. Do not contact
the factory. Shipping damage responsibility is between the carrier and the dealer.
If your equipment arrives damaged:
1.
File claim for damages immediately, regardless of extent of damage.
2.
Visible loss or damage: Be sure this is noted on the freight bill or express receipt and is
signed by the person making the delivery.
3.
Concealed loss or damage: If damage is unnoticed until equipment is unpacked, notify
freight company or carrier immediately, and file a concealed damage claim. The claim
should be filed within 15 days of date of delivery. Be sure to retain container for inspection.
NOTE: Dean Does Not Assume Responsibility for Damage or Loss Incurred in
Transit.
C. Move the fryer to the location of installation and install legs and/or casters as described in
Chapter 3.2.
D. Remove all plastic skin from sides, front, and doors of the fryer(s). Failure to do this prior to
initial fryer operation will make it very difficult to remove later.
2.2 General
Qualified, licensed, and/or authorized installation or service personnel only (as defined in
Section 1.5) should perform the following:
•
Installation and service on Dean equipment.
•
Conversion of this appliance from one gas type to another.
Failure to use qualified, licensed, and/or authorized installation or service personnel to install,
convert to another gas type or otherwise service this equipment will void the Dean warranty
and may result in damage to the equipment or injury to personnel.
2-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.2 General (cont.)
Where conflicts exist between instructions and information in this manual and local code or
national codes, or regulations, installation and operation shall comply with the codes or
regulations in force in the country in which the equipment is installed.
DANGER
Building codes prohibit a fryer with its open tank of hot oil/shortening from being installed
beside an open flame of any type, including those of broilers and ranges.
Upon arrival, inspect the fryer carefully for visible or concealed damage. (See Receiving and
Unpacking Equipment in Section 2.7.)
CAUTION
Dean appliances equipped with legs are for stationary installations. Appliances fitted with
legs must be lifted during movement to avoid damage to the appliance and bodily injury.
For moveable installations, optional equipment casters must be used. Questions? Call 1800-551-8633
2.2.1 Fryer Description
Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers are energy efficient, open frypot, gas-fired units. All units
are shipped completely assembled, with accessories packed inside the frypot. All units are adjusted,
tested, and inspected at the factory prior to crating for shipment.
Base units described below are designed for use in a commercial food preparation environment after
installation as outlined in this manual.
MODEL
FRYING VESSEL
Frying Area:
Oil Capacity:
1824G
2424G
18 x 24 inches
(45.7 x 61 cm)
45-70 lb
(23-35 kg)
24 x 24 inches
(61 x 61 cm)
65-90 lb
(33-45 kg)
ENERGY REQUIREMENTS:
Gas [Natural or Propane (G20/25 & G31)]:
Electrical, Non-CE:
Electrical, CE:
120,000 BTU/Hr (30,7 kcal; 35,1 kW)
115V/60~1Ø
230V/50~1Ø
APPROXIMATE SHIPPING WEIGHT
(lb):
(kg):
285
129
2-2
300
138
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.3 Principles of Operation
The frypot is constructed of welded steel with heat transfer ducting on the frypot-bottom for efficient
heating of oil without scorching.
Base units come equipped with painted cabinetry or optional stainless steel. Base units come
equipped with 6-inch (15-cm) adjustable legs or optional 5-inch (13-cm) casters. Multiple units
come equipped with casters.
Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers come standard with an electronic thermostat for reliable
temperature control. Fryers can be ordered with boil-out feature (optional- available only with
electronic thermostat controller).
A draft inducer draws air over the burners for combustion. Air movement directs the combustion
products back and forth across the frypot bottom by means of a set of baffles, transferring the heat
evenly across the frypot bottom. Cold air is prevented from entering the combustion chamber and
cooling the oil during the coasting cycle.
2.3.1 Automatic Safety Features
•
High oil temperature detection to shut off power to the main burners through the solenoidactuated gas valve.
•
Combination safety gas valve includes built-in pressure regulator and pilot safety.
•
Air prover switch built into outlet duct shuts off gas to the burners in the event of blower
failure.
•
Optional safety switch built into the drain valve prohibits burner ignition if the valve is not
completely closed.
2.4 Rating Plate
The rating plate can be found on the inside panel of the fryer door. Information on this plate
includes the model and serial numbers, BTU/hr (kW/hr) of the burners, outlet gas pressure in
BTU/hr (kW/hr), and configuration: natural or propane gas. Rating plate data is essential for proper
unit identification, communicating with the factory or requesting special parts and/or information.
The rating plate is located inside the front door panel. Information provided includes the model and
serial number of the fryer, BTU/hr (kW/hr) of the burners, outlet gas pressure in inches W.C.
(mbars) and whether the unit has natural or propane gas orifices.
DANGER
Fryers MUST be connected ONLY to the gas-type identified on the attached rating
plate.
2-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.5 Pre-Installation
DANGER
No structural material on the fryer should be altered or removed to accommodate
placement of the fryer under a hood. Questions? Call the Frymaster/Dean Service
Hotline at 1-800-551-8633.
DANGER
Do not connect this appliance to the gas supply before reviewing all information in
this chapter.
A. General: Only licensed personnel (as defined in Section 1.5) should install any gas-fired
equipment.
1.
A manual gas shut-off valve must be installed in the gas supply line ahead of the fryers for
safety and ease of future service.
2.
Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers require 120 VAC (Non-CE), or 230VAC (CE), and
are equipped with a 16-3 SJT power cord.
B. Clearances: The fryer area must be kept free and clear of all combustibles. This unit is designcertified for the following installations:
1.
Commercial installation only (not for household use).
2.
Non-combustible floor installation equipped with factory-supplied 6-inch (15-cm) adjustable
legs or optional 5-inch (13-cm) casters;
3.
Combustible construction with a minimum clearance of 6-inch (15 cm) side and 6-inch (15
cm) rear, and equipped with factory-supplied 6-inch (15-cm) adjustable legs or optional 5inch (13-cm) casters.
DANGER
Local building codes prohibit a fryer with its open tank of hot oil from being installed
beside an open flame of any type, including those of broilers and ranges.
2-4
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
C. Installation Standards
1.
CE/EXPORT STANDARDS: Fryer installation must conform with local codes, or in the
absence of local codes, to the appropriate National or European Community (CE) standards.
2.
NON-CE INSTALLATION STANDARDS: Fryer installation must conform with local
codes, or in the absence of local codes, to the appropriate national standards as listed below:
a.
U.S. installations must meet:
b. Canadian installations must meet:
American National Standard Institute
ANSI Z83.11
American Gas Association
8501 E. Pleasant Valley Road
Cleveland, OH 44131
CAN 1-B149 Installation Codes
Canadian Gas Association
55 Scarsdale Road
Don Mills, ONT, M3B 2R3
National Electrical Code
ANSI/NFPA #70
American National Standard Institute
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
Canadian Electric Code c22.1, part 1
Canadian Standards Association
178 Rexdale Blvd.
Rexdale, ONT, M9W 1R3
NFPA Standards #96 and #211
National Fire Protection Association
470 Atlantic Avenue
Boston, MA 02110
c. Australian installations must meet:
AS5601/AG601 Installation Codes
Standards Australia International
25 Raglan Street
South Melbourne, VIC 3205
2.6 Equipment Installed at High Altitudes
1.
The fryer input rating [BTU/hr (kW/hr)] is for elevations up to 2,000 feet (610-m). For
elevations above 2,000 feet (610-m), the rating should be reduced 4-percent for each
additional 1,000 feet (305-m) above sea level.
2.
The correct orifices are installed at the factory if the operating altitude is known at the time
of the customer’s order.
2-5
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.7 Air Supply and Ventilation
DANGER
This appliance must be installed with sufficient ventilation to prevent the occurrence
of unacceptable concentrations of substances harmful to the health of personnel in
the room in which it is installed.
1.
Keep the area around the fryer clear to prevent obstruction of combustion and ventilation
airflow.
2.
Do not connect this fryer to an exhaust duct.
3.
Correct installation and adjustment will ensure adequate airflow to the fryer system.
4.
A commercial, heavy-duty fryer must vent its combustion wastes to the outside of the
building. A deep-fat fryer must be installed under a powered exhaust hood, or an exhaust
fan must be provided in the wall above the unit, as exhaust gas temperatures are
approximately 500-600°F (260-316°C). Check air movement during installation. Strong
exhaust fans in the exhaust hood or in the overall air conditioning system can produce slight
air drafts in the room.
5.
Do not place the fryer’s flue outlet directly into the plenum of the hood, as it will affect the
gas combustion of the fryer.
6.
Never use the interior of the fryer cabinet for storage or store items on shelving over or
behind the fryer. Exhaust temperatures can exceed 500°F (260°C) and may damage or melt
items stored in or near the fryer.
7.
Adequate distance must be maintained from the flue outlet of the fryer(s) to the lower edge
of the exhaust filter bank. Per NFPA Standards No. 96, a minimum of 18 inches (45-cm)
should be maintained between the flue(s) and the lower edge of the exhaust hood filter.
8.
Filters and drip troughs should be part of any industrial hood, but consult local codes before
constructing and installing any hood. The duct system, the exhaust hood and the filter bank
must be cleaned on a regular basis and kept free of grease.
2-6
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 2: IMPORTANT INFORMATION
2.8 Conversion of Units (CE Systems)
Pressure:
1 mbar = 10,2 mm W.C. = 0,4-inch W.C.
20 mbar = 204 mm W.C. = 8-inch W.C.
1-inch W.C. = 25,4 mm W.C. = 2,5 mbar
Heat Input:
1 kW = 3410 BTU/hr
100 BTU/hr = 0,0293 kW
Temperature:
0° Celsius = 32° Fahrenheit
Temperature in degrees Celsius = (Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (F) – 32) x 0,555
100° Celsius = (212° Fahrenheit – 32) x 0,555
2-7
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.1 Installing the Fryer
A. Initial Installation: If installed with legs, do not push against the fryer’s side to adjust its
position. Use a pallet or lift jack to lift the fryer slightly and place it where it is to be installed.
B. Relocating the Fryer: If relocating a fryer installed with legs, remove all weight from each leg
before moving.
Note:
If a leg becomes damaged during movement, contact your service agent for immediate
repair/replacement.
CAUTION
Fryers may not function properly if curb mounted. Do not curb mount Dean 24G
Series Flatbottom gas fryers.
DANGER
This fryer may tip and cause personal injury if not secured correctly in a stationary
position. Drain all oil/shortening from fryer before moving. Hot oil will splash and
cause severe burns upon contact.
3.2 Leg and Caster Installation
A. General
1.
Install legs and rear rigid casters near where the fryer is to be used, as neither is secure for
long transit. Unit cannot be curb mounted and must be equipped with the legs and casters
provided.
2.
When positioning the fryer, gently lower the fryer into position to prevent undue strain to
the legs and internal mounting hardware. Use a pallet or lift jack to lift and position the
fryer if possible. Tilting the fryer may damage the legs.
3.
The rigid casters must be installed on the fryer rear channel assembly only. Install locking
casters on the front channel assembly.
4.
Proceed to Step 3.3, Leveling the Fryer, after legs and rear rigid casters are installed.
3-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.2 Leg and Caster Installation (cont.)
B. Leg and Rigid Caster Installation
1. Remove unit from pallet.
2. Carefully raise the unit with a forklift, pallet jack, or other steady means. Ensure the weight
is evenly distributed to avoid damaging the channel assemblies.
3. Place one lock washer on each hex head screw.
4.
Insert hex head screws with lock washers [1/4-20 threads by ¾" long] through bolt holes of
leg mounting plates and mount to the front channel. Mount rigid casters to the rear channel
following the same procedure. A locknut has been attached to the topside of the base
mounting plates at the factory to capture the hex head screw as it is screwed in.
5.
Tighten the bolts to 50 inch-lbs. (5.65 Nm) torque.
CAUTION
For caster retrofit, the unit must be at room temperature and drained of shortening
before installing the casters.
3.3 Leveling the Fryer
A. Place a carpenter’s spirit level across the top of the fryer and level the unit front to back. If the
fryer is not level from side to side, a platform or other surface adjustment is needed; there are no
side-to-side level adjustments on a fryer equipped with caster/leg combinations. (If a fryer is
equipped with legs only, side-to-side level adjustments can be made. If a fryer is equipped with
casters only, no level adjustments to the fryer can be made.) If the fryer is not level, the unit may
not function efficiently, the oil may not drain properly for filtering and in a multi-fryer battery, it
may not match adjacent units.
Legs (Only)
1.
Adjust leg height with an adjustable or 1-1/16-inch (27 mm) open-end wrench by turning
the hex bullet on the bottom of the leg.
2.
The hex bullet is for minor leg height adjustment only. Do not adjust more than 1-inch
(25.4 mm).
3.
When leveling the unit, the leg body should be held firmly to keep the leg from bending or
rotating while turning the hex bullet foot to the required height.
3-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.3 Leveling the Fryer (cont.)
Rigid Casters (Only)
1.
Install the rigid casters on the fryer rear channel only. Legs must be installed on the front
channel.
2. There are no level adjustments for the rigid casters.
B. If the floor is uneven or has a decided slope, place the fryer on a level platform.
C. If the fryer is moved, re-level the fryer following the instructions given in Steps 3.3, A-B.
D. An installed fryer must be restrained to prevent tipping, which could splash hot oil. Restraints
can be straps or chains anchored to an immovable object (wall, floor anchor), or the manner of
installation (installing the fryer in an alcove, battering to other appliances, etc.).
E. Installing Optional Swivel Casters:
1.
Install non-locking casters only at the rear of the unit.
2.
Locking casters must be installed at the front of the unit. Locking casters allow the fryer to
be "locked" in position for safe operations.
3.
Follow the same instructions for leg installations as given above in steps 3.2, B1-5.
Front View
Rear Side View
Optional CasterRear Only
Optional CasterFront Only
Rear Caster—5" Rigid
Front Caster—5" Swivel
w/Brake
1/4-20 x 3/4 Hex Bolt
Front Channel or
Rear Channel
Front Channel
or Rear Channel
Leg Support Assembly
Washer
1/4-20 Hex Head Locknut
Front or Rear Leg with
Mounting Plate
1/4-20 x 3/4 Hex Bolt
Adjust as needed
Leg and Caster (Optional) Mounting Installation
3-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.3 Leveling the Fryer (cont.)
NOTE: The installation must be inspected after it is complete to ensure it meets the intent of
these instructions. The on-site supervisor and/or operator(s) should be informed that the
appliance is installed with restraints. If restraints are removed to move fryer (cleaning
beneath and behind, relocation, etc.), ensure that they are re-installed when fryer is returned
to its permanently installed position.
DANGER
The fryer MUST be connected to the gas supply specified on the rating and serial number
plate located on the back of the fryer door.
WARNING
If gas odors are detected, the gas supply MUST be shut off at the main shut-off valve. The
local gas company or FASC should be contacted immediately to rectify the problem.
3.4 Gas Connections
CE REQUIREMENTS
Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers have obtained CE markings for countries and gas categories
shown below:
COUNTRIES
GERMANY (DE)
CATEGORIES
II2ELL3B/P
I3P
GAS
PRESSURE (MBAR)
G20/G25; G30/G31
20
50
G31
50
AUSTRIA (AT)
II2H3B/P
G20; G30/G31
20
50
BELGIUM (BE)
I2E(R)B
I3+
G20/G25
G30/G31
20/25
28-30/37
II2H3B/P
G20; G30/G31
20
30
II2H3+
G20; G30/G31
20
28-30/37
DENMARK (DK)
FINLAND (FI)
SWEDEN (SE)
SPAIN (ES)
GREECE (GR)
ITALY (IT)
IRELAND (IE)
PORTUGAL (PT)
UNITED KINGDOM (GB)
SPAIN (ES)
II2H3P
G20; G31
II2Esi3+
G20/G25; G30/G31
FRANCE (FR)
II2Esi3P
LUXEMBOURG (LU)
G20/G25; G31
II2E3B/P
G20; G30/G31
II2L3P
G25; G31
NETHERLANDS (NL)
II2L3B/P
G25; G30/G31
3-4
20
37 AND 50
20/25
28-30/37
20/25
50
20
50
25
50
25
30
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.4 Gas Connections (cont.)
NATIONAL CODE REQUIREMENTS: NON-CE
This equipment is to be installed in compliance with the Basic Plumbing Code of the Building
Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc. (BOCA) and the Food Service Sanitation
Manual of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
This equipment is manufactured to use the type of gas specified on the rating plate attached to the
door. Connect equipment stamped "NAT" only to natural gas and that stamped "PRO" only to LP
(Propane) gas.
Australia Only: Installation is to be in accordance with the requirements of AS5601/AG601, local
regulatory authority requirements and other statutory regulations.
DANGER
Before connecting new pipe to this appliance, the pipe must be blown out thoroughly to
remove all foreign material. Foreign material in the burner and gas controls will cause
improper and dangerous operation.
Installation shall be made with a gas connector that complies with national and local codes.
Quick disconnect devices, if used, shall likewise comply with national and local codes.
DANGER
The fryer MUST be connected to the gas supply specified on the rating and serial number
plate located on the back of the fryer door.
The gas supply (service) line must be the same size or greater than the fryer inlet line. Dean 24G
Series gas fryers are equipped with a 3/4" (22 mm) male ISO 7.1 inlet. The gas supply line must be
sized to accommodate all gas-fired equipment connected to that gas supply. Consult local gas
companies or suppliers, or your local contractor for minimum supply line requirements.
Supply Line Specifications
The gas supply lines must be sized as indicated in the chart below, based on the total number of
fryers connected to the main gas supply.
Recommended Gas Supply Line Sizes
Number of Fryers
1
2 to 3
4 or more (*)
Natural Gas
3/4" (22 mm)
1" (28 mm)
1-1/4" (35 mm)
Propane Gas
1/2" (15 mm)
3/4" (22 mm)
1" (28 mm)
(*) When exceeding 18 feet (6 meters) for a configuration of more than four fryers, it is necessary
to provide a 1 1/4" (35 mm) rigid gas connection.
Gas Types
3-5
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.4 Gas Connections (cont.)
DANGER
All connections must be sealed with a joint compound suitable for the gas being
used and all connections must be tested with a solution of soapy water before
lighting any pilots.
Never use matches, candles, or any other ignition source to check for leaks. If gas
odors are detected, shut off the gas supply to the appliance at the main shut-off
valve and immediately contact the local gas company or an authorized service
agency for service.
DANGER
"Dry-firing" your unit will cause damage to the frypot and can cause a fire. Always
ensure that melted shortening, cooking oil or water is in the frypot before firing the
unit.
Rigid Connections
Check any installer-supplied intake pipe(s) visually and clean metal particles or other foreign matter
from the threads before installing into a service line. If the intake pipes are not clear of all foreign
matter, the orifices will clog when gas pressure is applied. When using thread compound on gas
piping, use very small amounts and only on male threads. Use a pipe thread compound that is not
affected by the chemical action of propane/LP (G31) gases. DO NOT apply thread compound to the
first two pipe threads – doing so will cause clogging of the burner orifices and control valve.
Manual shut-off valve
This gas service supplier-installed valve must be installed in the gas service line ahead of the fryers
in the gas stream and in a position where it can be reached quickly in the event of an emergency.
Regulating Gas Pressure
The fryer and shut-off valve must be disconnected from the gas supply during any pressure testing of
the system.
WARNING
If the incoming gas pressure is in excess of ½" PSI (3.45 kPa/35 mbar), a step-down
regulator will be required.
External gas regulators are not normally required on this fryer. A safety control valve protects the
fryer against pressure fluctuations. If the incoming pressure is in excess of ½" PSI (3.45 kPa/35
mbar), a step-down regulator will be required.
3-6
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.4 Gas Connections (cont.)
DANGER
When pressure-testing incoming gas supply lines, disconnect the fryer from the gas
line if the test pressure is ½" PSI [14" W.C. (3,45 kPa)] or greater to avoid damage to
the fryer’s gas piping and gas valve(s).
A. Manifold Pressure: Your local service technician should check the manifold pressure with a
manometer.
1.
Check the rating plate for manifold gas pressures.
pressures.
See page 3-10 for gas types and
2.
Confirm that the arrow forged into the bottom of the regulator body, which indicates gas
flow direction, is pointed downstream towards the fryers. The air vent cap is also part of the
regulator and should not be removed.
3.
If a vent line from the gas pressure regulator is used, it should be installed in accordance
with local codes or in the absence of local codes, with the appropriate National or European
Community (CE) standards.
WARNING
Use a diluted soap solution to find gas leaks when making new connections.
B. Regulators: Gas regulators can be adjusted in the field, but no adjustments should be made unless
the regulator is out of adjustment, or serious pressure fluctuations are observed.
C. Only qualified service personnel should make adjustments to the regulators.
D. Orifices: The fryer can be configured to operate on any available gas. The correct safety control
valve, appropriate gas orifices, and pilot burner are installed at the factory. While the valve can
be adjusted in the field, only qualified service personnel should make any adjustments with the
proper test equipment.
1.
CE Only: The following color codes indicate the type of gas to be used for each fryer and
associated components.
Gas Type
G20 and G25
G31
CE Color Code
Blue
Red
3-7
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.4 Gas Connections (cont.)
E. Flexible Couplings, Connectors and Casters
1.
If the fryer is to be installed with flexible couplings and/or quick-disconnect fittings, the
installer must use a heavy-duty certified commercial flexible connector of at least 3/4" (22
mm) NPT (with suitable strain-relief attachments), in compliance with local codes or in the
absence of local codes, with the appropriate National or European Community (CE)
standards. Quick-disconnect devices must comply with local codes or in the absence of
local codes, with the appropriate National or European Community (CE) standards.
2.
For an appliance equipped with casters, the installation shall be made with a connector that
complies with local codes or in the absence of local codes, with the appropriate National or
European Community (CE) standards.
3.
Under no circumstances are the connector and the quick-disconnect device, or its associated
piping to be used to limit fryer movement. A restraining bracket is provided on the
appliance back to prevent the unit from moving from its installed position.
WARNING
Do not attach accessories to this fryer unless fryer is secured from tipping. The
fryer may become unstable, tip over and cause injury.
4.
To limit movement of the fryer, restraints independent of the flexible coupling or connector
must be used. Clips are located on the back panel of the fryer for the attachment of
restraints.
5.
If disconnection of the restraint is necessary, the restraint must be reconnected after the fryer
has been returned to its originally installed position.
F. After hook up, bleed the gas line of air to ensure that the pilot light will ignite quickly and
evenly.
3-8
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.5 Adjustments/Adaptation To Different Gases
WARNING
Qualified personnel MUST perform any adaptation, modification, or gas conversion,
if required. Failure to use qualified personnel will void the Dean warranty.
1.
Proper operation of appliances requires operator to inspect the following adjustments in
Section 3.6 in terms of gas inputs and pressures.
2.
Dean 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers are manufactured to use the type of gas and pressure
specified on the rating plate. When changing gas, adaptation must be performed by
qualified personnel as defined in Section 1.5. Failure to use qualified personnel will void
the Dean warranty.
DANGER
This appliance was configured at the factory for a specific type of gas. Converting
from one gas type to another requires the installation of specific gas-conversion
components.
Switching to a different type of gas without installing the proper conversion
components may result in fire or explosion. NEVER ATTACH THIS APPLIANCE TO A
GAS SUPPLY FOR WHICH IT IS NOT CONFIGURED!
Conversion of this appliance from one type of gas to another should only be
performed by qualified, licensed, and authorized installation or service personnel, as
defined in Section 1.5 of this manual.
3-9
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.6 Gas Inputs
CE UNITS ONLY:
Nominal Heat Inputs (Qn), Gas Type, Orifice Size, Part Number and Quantity/Color are listed in the
table below:
MODEL
NOMINAL HEAT
INPUT- Qn
(kW)
24G Series
(ALL)
30
GAS TYPE
ORIFICE SIZE
(MM)†
ORIFICE
PART NO.
G20
G25
G31
2,50
2,50
1,60
810-2628
810-2628
810-2317
ORIFICE
QTY/ COLOR
3/BLUE
3/BLUE
3/RED
†Orifice size listed is for fryers operating at altitudes of 610 meters or less.
Adjustments for different gases are as follows:
MODEL
ORIFICE SIZE
GAS TYPE
(MM)†
24G
Series
(All)
2,50
2,50
1,60
G20
G25*
G31
MANIFOLD GAS
PRESSURE
MBAR
INCH W.C.
BURNER
MARKING
PILOT
MARKING
BURNER AIR
ADJUSTMENT
(SEE
ILLUSTRATION
PAGE 3-9)
14,5
21,0
31,0
5,8
8,4
12,44
Blue
Blue
Red
26N
26N
16LP
Opening- Maximum
Opening- Maximum
Opening- 15-mm
NOTE: Outlet gas pressure must be adjusted strictly within the above requirements 5 to 10 minutes after the
appliance is operating.
For controls and adjustments, please refer to the gas valve illustration on page 3-13. (Pilot Flame Adjustment: Turn
the pilot adjustment screw clockwise/counter-clockwise until the desired flame-volume is achieved).
† Orifice size listed is for fryers operating at altitudes of 610 meters or less.
* Except Belgium (BE). G20 and G25 remain the same: 14,5 mbar.
NON-CE UNITS ONLY:
Nominal Heat Inputs (Qn), Gas Type, Orifice Size, Gas Pressures and Adjustments, Orifice
Quantity, Pilot Markings and Burner Adjustments are listed in the table below:
MODEL
NOMINAL
HEAT
INPUT- Qn
(BTU)
GAS
TYPE
24G Series
(All)
120
NAT
LP
ORIFICE
SIZE
[MM (Drill
Size)]
2.82(#34)
1.78(#50)
MANIFOLD
GAS
PRESSURE
(INCH W.C.)
4
11
3-10
BURNER AIR
ADJUSTMENT (SEE
ORIFICE
PILOT
ILLUSTRATION
QUANTITY MARKING
PAGE 3-11)
3
26N
Opening- Maximum
3
16LP
Opening- 15-mm
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.6 Gas Inputs (cont.)
Gas Type
Orifice Part Number*
Natural
810-2051
Propane
810-2317
* Orifice sizes are listed for altitudes of 2000 feet and less.
Burner Adjustments- 24G Series
Loosen this screw to
adjust burner damper
for optimum flame.
Ensure orifice tip is approximately
20 mm from the upper damper slot.
20 mm
Natural (G20/G25) Gas: Maximum Opening
Propane/LP (G31) Gas: 15 mm Opening
WARNING
If gas odors are detected, the gas supply MUST be shut off at the main shut-off valve, and
the local gas company or authorized service agency contacted for immediate service.
3.7 Gas Conversion Procedures
DANGER
This appliance was configured at the factory for a specific type of gas. Converting from one
gas type to another requires the installation of specific gas-conversion components.
Switching to a different type of gas without installing the proper conversion components
may result in fire or explosion. NEVER ATTACH THIS APPLIANCE TO A GAS SUPPLY FOR
WHICH IT IS NOT CONFIGURED!
Conversion of this appliance from one type of gas to another should only be performed by
qualified, licensed, and authorized installation or service personnel, as defined in Section 1.5
of this manual.
See page 3-13 for gas valve illustration when performing gas conversion procedures.
3-11
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.7 Gas Conversion Procedures (cont.)
CE UNITS ONLY:
When converting from G20 to G25 gas, the following procedures apply:
♦
Equipment replacement is not required.
♦
Adjust orifice gas pressure to the appropriate value listed in the table on page 3-9 by turning
the gas valve "adjustment screw".
♦
After adjustment, replace the adjustment-screw cover.
When converting from G20 (or G25) gas to propane/LP G31 (or vice-versa) gas, the following
procedures apply:
♦
Burner orifices and pilot orifice MUST be replaced.
♦
Adjust orifice gas pressure to the appropriate value listed in the table on page 3-9 by turning
the gas-valve adjustment screw.
♦
After adjustment, replace the adjustment-screw cover.
♦
Factory MUST be notified so the conversion can be documented and a new rating plate can
be sent out.
When converting from G20 (20 mbar) to G25 (25 mbar), or vice-versa, or G31 (37 mbar) to G31 (50
mbar), the following procedures apply:
♦
Check pilot-adjustment and adjust as necessary.
♦
Other adjustments are not necessary.
Conversion from one gas family to another (i.e. changing from natural gas to propane) requires
special components. Obtain the necessary components using the cross-reference in Section 3.8, Gas
Conversion Components.
Conversions can only be executed by qualified, factory-authorized personnel.
3-12
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.7 Gas Conversion Procedures (cont.)
NON-CE UNITS ONLY:
See gas valve illustration below for reference when performing gas valve conversions.
When converting from natural gas to propane (or vice-versa), the following procedures apply:
♦
♦
♦
♦
Burner orifices and pilot orifice MUST be replaced (see page 3-11 for required component
part numbers).
Adjust orifice gas pressure by turning the gas-valve adjustment screw (see page 3-11 for gas
types and pressures).
After adjustment, replace the adjustment-screw cover.
Factory MUST be notified so the conversion can be documented and a new rating plate can
be sent out.
Conversion from one gas family to another (i.e. changing from natural gas to propane) requires
special components. Obtain the necessary components using the tables on page 3-11.
Conversions can only be executed by qualified, factory-authorized personnel.
Pilot pressure
adjustment (remove
cover screw to access)
Pressure flow adjustment
(remove cover screw to access)
Pilot pressure
adjustment
Thermocouple
Connection
Vent Tube
Connection
Pilot gas supply
connection.
OFF Button
ON/OFF Gas
Knob
ON Button- Pilot
Gas-Flow
CE gas valve (typical)
Non-CE gas valve (typical)
3-13
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 3: INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
3.8 Gas Conversion Components
Use the following components to convert from natural gas to propane and vice-versa. See Section
3.6 for orifice quantities required for conversion.
Natural Gas to Propane Components
Propane To Natural Gas Components
REF
DESCRIPTION
REF
DESCRIPTION
810-2400
Pilot orifice (16LP)
810-0811
Pilot orifice (26N)
Burner orifice*
(See Tables on Pages 3-10 – 3-11)
Burner orifice*
(See Tables on Pages 3-10 – 3-11)
New Rating Contact factory at time of New Rating Contact factory at time of
Plate
Plate
conversion.
conversion.
* Burner orifices listed on pages 3-10 – 3-11 are for fryers operating at altitudes of
2000 feet (610 meters) or less. For altitudes greater than 2000 feet (610 meters),
contact the factory for the correct orifice size.
3.9 Electrical Connections
The fryer when installed must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes, or in the
absence of local codes, with the appropriate National or European Community (CE) standards.
DANGER
This fryer is equipped with a three-prong (grounding) plug for protection against
electrical shock and must be plugged directly into a properly grounded, three-prong
receptacle. DO NOT CUT, REMOVE, OR OTHERWISE BYPASS THE GROUNDING
PRONG ON THIS PLUG!
The rating plate and wiring diagram are located inside the front door. The fryer is equipped with a
115VAC single-phase 60-hertz (Non-CE), or 230VAC single-phase 50-hertz system
(International/CE). Do not cut or remove the ground prong from the power cord plug. Do not
attempt to use the fryer during a power outage.
DANGER
This appliance requires electrical power for operation. Place the gas control valve in
the OFF position in case of a prolonged power outage. Do not attempt to operate
this appliance during a power outage.
3-14
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.1 Initial Start-up
WARNING
The on-site supervisor is responsible for ensuring that operators are made aware of the
inherent hazards of operating a hot oil frying system, particularly the aspects of system
operation, oil filtration, draining and cleaning procedures.
Cleaning: New units are wiped clean with solvents at the factory to remove any visible signs of dirt,
oil, grease, etc. remaining from the manufacturing process, then coated lightly with oil. Before any
food preparation, wash thoroughly with hot, soapy water to remove any film residue and dust or
debris then rinse out and wipe dry. Also wash any accessories shipped with the unit. Close the drain
valve completely and replace the drain plug. Ensure the temperature-sensing probe is adjusted
properly (see illustration).
NOTE: Current production units are equipped with a probe clamp that holds the sensor bulbs in the
proper position. Probe adjustment is not normally required.
Sensor Probe Guard
High-Limit/Temperature
Probe location
Frypots without probe-mounting
hardware: Ensure probe tip is 1/8" from
frypot bottom for proper temperature sensing.
Oil-Return Port (built-in filter
equipped systems only)
Frypot Bottom
Frypot Drain Plug
Frypots with probe-mounting hardware: No
special adjustment is required. Temperature probe
bulb may contact oil-return shield in built-in filtrationequipped frypots. This does not affect probe
operation.
4-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.1.1 Pilot Lighting Procedures, Standing Pilot
WARNING
Do not bang fry baskets or other utensils on the fryer’s joiner strip. The strip is present to
seal the joint between the frypot. Banging fry baskets on the strip to dislodge shortening
will distort the strip, adversely affecting its fit. It is designed for a tight fit and should only
be removed for cleaning.
DANGER
Never operate this appliance with an empty frypot. The frypot must be filled with water or
cooking oil/shortening before lighting the burners. Failure to do so will damage the frypot
and may cause a fire.
Initial Pilot Lighting: All Dean fryers are tested, adjusted and calibrated to sea level conditions
before leaving the factory. Adjustments to assure proper operation of pilot may be necessary on
installation to meet local conditions, low gas pressure, differences in altitude and variations in gas
characteristics. These adjustments correct possible problems caused by rough handling or vibration
during shipment, and are to be performed only by qualified service personnel. These adjustments
are the responsibility of the customer and/or the dealer and are not covered by the Dean warranty.
The inlet pipe at the lower rear of the fryer brings incoming gas to the pilot safety control valve, then
to the pilot and main burners. The pilot is located high in the cabinet, at the base of the frypot.
WARNING
When checking for burner ignition or performance, do not get too close to the burners. Slow
ignition can cause possible flashback, increasing the potential for facial and body burns.
CE Units Only:
Ensure that the following steps are done in sequence before lighting or re-lighting the pilot:
1. Turn off the manual shut-off valve on the incoming service line.
2. Turn the Thermatron controller to the lowest setting.
3. Depress the red button on the safety control valve to turn Off.
4. Wait at least 5 minutes for any accumulated gas to disperse.
5. Fill the frypot with oil or water to the appropriate oil level line scribed on the frypot back.
6. Open the manual shut-off valve on the incoming service line.
7. Apply a lighted match or taper to the pilot burner head. (If fryer is equipped with a piezo ignitor,
go to Step 8).
4-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.1.1 Pilot Lighting Procedures, Standing Pilot (cont.)
8. Press the white pilot light button on the gas valve and hold approximately 45 seconds to 1
minute, until the pilot stays lit. (If fryer is equipped with a piezo ignitor, press and hold the
white pilot light button, then repeatedly press the piezo ignitor button until the pilot lights.
Release the white button after approximately 45 seconds to 1 minute.)
9. If the pilot does not stay lit, depress the white pilot light button and re-light the pilot, holding the
button in longer before releasing. Trapped air in the lines may necessitate re-lighting the pilot
several times until a constant gas flow is attained.
10. When the pilot stays lit, release the white pilot light button.
11. Turn the thermostat to any "ON" setting and ensure the main burner ignites from the pilot.
NON-CE UNITS ONLY:
OFF
P I L OT
ON
OFF
IL
OT
ON
ON
P
IL
OT
Off position
P
OF
F
120V/230V Gas Valves: Rotate the knob counter-clockwise to the ON or PILOT positions. Depress
and rotate the knob clockwise to turn the gas valve to OFF.
Pilot position
On position
The pilot is located at the right burner tube, at the base of the frypot. Use a long match or taper to
light the pilot. Perform the following steps in sequence before lighting the pilot:
1. Turn off the manual shut-off valve on the incoming gas supply line.
2. Turn the Thermatron controller to the lowest setting.
3. Depress and turn the gas valve knob to the Off position.
4. Wait at least 5 minutes for any accumulated gas to disperse.
Note: Inspect high-limit thermostat/temperature probe location prior to filling frypot with water
or oil. Ensure that connecting hardware is intact and bulbs are properly attached.
5. Fill the frypot with oil or water to the appropriate oil level line scribed on the frypot back.
6. Open the manual shut-off valve on the incoming gas supply line and rotate the gas valve knob to
the PILOT position.
4-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.1.1 Pilot Lighting Procedures, Standing Pilot (cont.)
7. Push and hold the knob in and apply a lighted match or taper to the pilot burner head. Continue
to hold the knob in for about 60 seconds after the flame appears on the pilot. Release the knob.
The pilot should remain lit.
4.1.2 Pilot Lighting Procedures, Electronic Ignition Systems
WARNING
Never use a match or taper to light pilot on this ignition system.
24V Gas Valves for Electronic Ignition: Rotate the knob counter-clockwise to the ON position.
Rotate the knob clockwise to turn the gas valve to OFF.
Off position
On position
1. Turn gas valve knob to ON.
2. Turn electric power on with the appropriate rocker switch.
3. The ignition module will energize the pilot gas supply and the ignitor. The ignitor spark will
ignite the pilot gas. The presence of the pilot flame is then proved by a flame sensor, which
sends a signal to the main gas supply, opening the valve. The Thermatron controller controls the
fryer after ignition.
WARNING
In the event of prolonged power failure, the ignition module will shut down and lock out the
system. Turn the unit power "OFF" and then back "ON" after power has been reestablished.
4. If the pilot flame fails, the ignition module will shut down and lock out the system. To restart,
turn the electric power off, wait approximately 5 minutes for the system to recycle itself, then
turn the power on again. Repeat Steps 1-3.
4-4
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.2 Boil-Out Procedure
NOTE: Consult store operational procedures to ensure that frypot boil-out is an approved procedure
before proceeding.
DANGER
Never leave the fryer unattended during the boil-out process. If the boil-out solution boils
over, turn the fryer off immediately and let the solution cool for a few minutes before
resuming the process.
WARNING
Do not drain boil-out solution into a shortening disposal unit, a built-in filtration unit, or a
portable filter unit. These units are not intended for this purpose, and will be damaged by
the solution.
WARNING
Leave fryer OFF for a minimum of 10 minutes prior to filtering to allow frypot heat to
dissipate. Frypot damage can occur if the shortening is drained immediately after turning
fryer off.
1. Empty frypot and pour in cleaning solution concentrate. Add water to the upper oil level line
scribed in the back of the frypot.
2. Thermatron Controller-Equipped Fryers: Set temperature dial to 225°F (107ºC), just above that
of boiling water.
3. Filtration/Boil-Mode-Equipped Fryers: Turn fryer power switch to On. Press the fryer-reset
switch (if applicable). Turn the boil-out switch to On.
4. The main burner will ignite.
5. Thermatron Controller-Equipped Fryers: Reset the controller-dial to 200°F (93°C).
6. The burners should shut off, just as the boil-out solution reaches setpoint.
CAUTION
If the pilot and main burner go out, the fryer(s) MUST be left completely shut down at least 5
minutes before lighting.
7. The burners will heat the boil-out solution to a simmer. Simmer the solution for approximately
45 minutes. Wearing protective gloves, scrub the bottom and sides of the frypot with the frypot
brush (optional on certain models), being careful not to disturb the temperature and high-limit
thermostat sensing probes.
4-5
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.2 Boil-Out Procedure (cont.)
CAUTION
Do not leave fryer unattended. The boil-out solution may foam and overflow. If this happens,
turn the Thermatron dial to the lowest setting and the power switch "Off". Resume boil out
when foam dissipates.
8. Do not allow the water level to decrease below the upper oil level line in frypot during boil-out
operation.
WARNING
Water or boil-out solution MUST not be allowed to drain into the filter pan or filter system.
Irreversible damage will result if water is allowed into the system.
9. Thermatron Controller-Equipped Fryers: After boil out is complete, turn the Thermatron dial to
the lowest setting and turn fryer power switch to "Off". Filtration/Boil-Mode-equipped fryers:
After boil out is complete, turn the boil-out and fryer switches to "Off". Drain the solution from
the frypot. Place a metal stockpot of sufficient size to safely hold the entire contents of the frypot
under the drain port to collect the water/boil-out solution. Do not allow water or boil-out solution
to drain into the filter pan. The filter pump is not designed for water operation, and will be
irreparably damaged.
10. Refill the frypot with fresh water and vinegar to neutralize any residual boil-out solution. Wash
all surfaces of the frypot. Drain completely and wipe down all surfaces of the frypot to eliminate
water from the frypot.
IMPORTANT!
Refill frypot with oil or wipe frypot interior with oil immediately to prevent oxidation and rust
from forming.
WARNING
All drops of water MUST be removed from frypot before filling with cooking oil. Do not turn
fryer on to dry…extensive damage to frypot will occur, and ALL applicable warranties will be
voided.
DANGER
Do not go near the area directly over the flue outlet while the fryer is operating.
Always wear oil-proof, insulated gloves when working with the fryer filled with hot oil.
Allow oil/shortening to cool to 100°F (38°C) before draining into an appropriate container for
disposal.
NOTE: Where approved, it is recommended that the boil-out procedure be performed each time the
oil is changed.
4-6
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 4: FRYER OPERATIONS
4.3 Final Preparation
DANGER
Remove all drops of water from the frypot before filling with cooking oil or shortening.
Failure to do so will cause spattering of hot liquid when the oil or shortening is heated to
cooking temperature and may cause injury to nearby personnel.
WARNING
NEVER set a complete block of solid shortening in the frypot. To do so will damage the
frypot, and void the warranty.
4.3.1 Filling Fryer with Cooking Oil/Shortening
1. Ensure the drain valve is closed and the drain plug is in place. When using a liquid shortening,
fill the fryer to the appropriate oil level line scribed into the back of the frypot.
2. When using a solid shortening, cut the shortening into small pieces and pack it into the frypot,
leaving no air spaces. Ensure the sensor probe cover is in place to prevent damage to the sensing
bulbs.
3. Thermatron Controller with Melt Cycle Option Enabled: Set the Thermatron controller to the
desired working temperature. The burners will cycle on approximately 5 seconds, and off for
approximately 15 seconds until the temperature reaches 150°F (66°C). The Thermatron
controller will then switch to normal operation.
4. Before starting operation, set the Thermatron controller to the probable working temperature and
wait for the temperature to stabilize.
4-7
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 5: CONTROLLER OPERATION
5.1 Operating Fryers with Thermatron Controllers
24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers come equipped with a
solid-state Thermatron or electronic thermostat controller,
and are operated with the following controls:
Thermatron Controller
Fryer Power Switch: Turns fryer on
and off.
Boil-Out Switch (Optional):
operates only in "Thermatron"
mode. When "ON", this switch
by-passes the Thermatron
melt-cycle and allows the
water temperature to reach
196°F.
POWER
O
F
F
O
N
FRYER
BOIL OUT
O
F
F
Drain Reset Switch
(Optional): Resets drain
safety switch after closing
drain valve. Drain valve
must be completely closed
prior to resetting switch.
R
E
S
E
T
O
N
High-Limit Reset Breaker
(location varies according to
system): This must be
manually reset if fryer
exceeds high-limit setpoint.
Manual Filter Power Switch (if
equipped with filter system):
Connects/disconnects power to
filter pump if primary system fails.
Fryer power switch should be
"OFF" when filter is in use.
5 Amp (230VAC) Filter Reset
Breaker (if equipped with filter
system): Inline between the
filter pump and the filter power
switch. Ensure power is "OFF"
before resetting or replacing.
FRYER POWER SWITCH – This switch turns the fryer on and off. When the power switch is in
the "ON" position, the indicator light will be lit when calling for heat.
BOIL-OUT SWITCH (Optional) – When the Boil-Out switch is "ON", it will bypass the melt
cycle, and allow the water temperature to reach approximately 196°F (91°C).
DRAIN RESET SWITCH (Optional) – Resets drain safety switch after draining the fryer. Drain
valve must be closed completely before resetting switch.
5-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 5: CONTROLLER OPERATION
5.1 Operating Fryers with Thermatron Controllers (cont.)
MANUAL FILTER POWER SWITCH (older systems with built-in filtration) – Controls power to
the filter pump in the event the primary system fails. Fryer Power Switch should be in "OFF"
position when in use.
HIGH-LIMIT RESET – Located under control panel. Must be manually reset if the fryer exceeds
high-limit setpoint.
FILTER RESET BREAKER (7 Amp Circuit Breaker- 120VAC or 5 Amp Circuit Breaker230VAC) – the breaker is inline between the filter switch and the pump. Ensure filter power is off
prior to resetting or replacing.
5 AMP (115VAC) or 2 AMP (230VAC) FUSE – each fryer circuit is protected by a 5-amp
(115VAC) or 2-amp (230VAC) fuse located under the control panel or inside the cabinet.
5-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 6: PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
6.1 General
DANGER
Never attempt to clean the fryer during the cooking process or when the frypot is
filled with hot oil or shortening. If water comes in contact with oil or shortening
heated to cooking temperature, it will cause spattering, which can result in severe
burns to nearby personnel.
Any equipment works better and lasts longer when maintained properly and kept clean. Cooking
equipment is no exception. 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers should be kept clean during the
working day, and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each day. Below are recommendations for daily,
weekly and periodic preventative maintenance.
6.1.1 Daily
WARNING
Use a commercial grade cleaner formulated to effectively clean and sanitize foodcontact surfaces. Read the directions and precautionary statements for use.
Particular attention must be paid to the concentration of cleaner and the length of
time the cleaner remains on the food-contact surfaces.
A. Remove and wash all removable parts.
B. Clean all exterior surfaces of the cabinet. Do not use cleaners, steel wool, or any other
abrasive material on stainless steel.
C. Filter the cooking oil and replace if necessary. The oil should be filtered more frequently
when under heavy use.
6.1.2 Weekly
A. Completely drain the oil from the fryer into a metal stockpot of sufficient size to safely hold
the entire contents of the frypot for disposal. Do not use a glass or plastic container.
B. Clean the frypot by following boil-out procedures in Chapter 4.2 (if allowed).
WARNING
Never allow water to boil down and expose the frypot bottom. Frypot damage will
result.
6-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 6: PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
6.1.3 Periodic/Annual
This appliance should be inspected and adjusted periodically by qualified service personnel as
part of a regular kitchen maintenance program.
Frymaster/Dean recommends that this appliance be inspected at least annually by a Factory
Authorized Service Technician as follows:
•
Inspect the cabinet inside and out, front and rear for excessive oil build-up and/or oil migration.
•
Verify that the flue opening is not obstructed by debris or accumulations of solidified oil or
shortening.
•
Verify that burners and associated components (i.e. gas valves, pilot assemblies, ignitors, etc.)
are in good condition and functioning properly. Inspect all gas connections for leaks and verify
that all connections are properly tightened.
•
Verify that the burner manifold pressure is in accordance with that specified on the appliance’s
rating plate.
•
Verify that the temperature and high-limit probes are properly connected, tightened and
functioning properly, and that the mounting hardware and probe guard are present and properly
installed.
•
Verify that component box components (i.e. computer/controller, transformers, relays, interface
boards, etc.) are in good condition and free from oil migration build-up and other debris. Inspect
the component box wiring and verify that connections are tight and that wiring is in good
condition.
•
Verify that all safety features (i.e. drain safety switches, reset switches, etc.) are present and
functioning properly.
•
Verify that the frypot/cookpot is in good condition and free of leaks and that the frypot/cookpot
insulation is in serviceable condition. Verify that the frypot and firebox baffles are present and
in good condition (i.e. no visible deterioration or damage).
•
Verify that wiring harnesses and connections are tight and in good condition.
6-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 6: PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE
6.1.4 Stainless Steel Care
WARNING
DO NOT let water splash into the tank of hot oil. It will splatter and can cause severe
burns.
All stainless steel fryer cabinet parts should be wiped regularly with hot, soapy water during the day,
and with a liquid cleanser designed for stainless steel at the end of each day.
A. Do not use steel wool, abrasive cloths, cleansers or powders.
B. Do not use a metal knife, spatula or any other metal tool to scrape stainless steel! Scratches
are almost impossible to remove.
C. If it is necessary to scrape the stainless steel to remove any encrusted materials, soak the area
first to soften the deposit, then use a wood or nylon scraper only.
6-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
NOTE: Refer to the wiring diagram affixed inside the fryer cabinet door when
troubleshooting electrical components.
DANGER
Hot cooking oil/shortening will cause severe burns. Never attempt to move this appliance
when filled with hot cooking oil/shortening or to transfer hot cooking oil/shortening from one
container to another.
DANGER
This equipment should be unplugged when servicing, except when electrical circuit tests are
required. Use extreme care when performing such tests.
This appliance may have more than one electrical power supply connection point.
Disconnect all power cords before servicing.
Inspection, testing and repair of electrical components should be performed by an
authorized service agent only.
7.1 Pilot Burner Malfunctions
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Pilot will not ignite; no
evidence of gas at pilot
burner.
1. Ensure the combination gas valve is in PILOT position and that
gas is available at the valve (check quick-disconnect and/or
gas-line connections).
2. Remove pilot gas supply line and check for obstructions. Blow
out with compressed air if necessary, then reinstall.
3. Check pilot burner orifice for obstructions.
Pilot burner ignites but
will not remain lit when
gas knob is released.
1. Check that the lead from the thermocouple is tightly screwed
into the pilotstat bushing on the gas control valve.
2. Remove end of thermocouple lead from pilotstat bushing and
clean with fine sandpaper. Ensure the bushing is clean.
3. Thermocouple possibly defective (millivolt output should be 1228mv); replace.
4. Pilot flame may be incorrectly adjusted. Adjust flame to 1-½"
high by turning pilot flow adjustment screw.
7-1
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
7.1 Pilot Burner Malfunctions (cont.)
PROBLEM
Pilot burner ignites
properly and burns
properly, but goes out
when the exhaust
blower comes on.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1. Pilot flame may be adjusted too low, even though it appears to
be satisfactory. Re-adjust higher as described previously.
2. Pilot flame may be adjusted too high and is on the verge of
blowing out. Re-adjust lower.
3. With the exhaust blower in operation, the extra air causes the
pilot to blow out. The pilot assembly may be too low between
the burners. Adjust the pilot assembly to where the pilot hood
is above the burners.
7.2 Main Burner Malfunctions
PROBLEM
Main burner will not
come on even though
air blower is in
operation; no gas
pressure at main
burner.
CORRECTIVE ACTION
1. Check that the combination gas valve is ON.
2. Check that the pilot is lit and is operating properly.
3. Check high-limit switch. Replace if defective.
4. Check air prover switch (sail switch) as follows:
Move actuating lever at switch to ensure it is not dragging in
the slots (use long tool to avoid burns). If so, bend the arm
carefully to clear the obstruction. Check the air prover switch
for continuity and replace if defective.
Air blower is not
operating, although
power is present at the
fryer.
1. Cooked product or other material may have fallen into the flue
and lodged in the blower wheel, preventing it from turning.
Remove debris and clean flue and blower wheel.
2. Blower motor may have overheated and shut off on thermal
overload. Allow motor to cool (20 minutes) for condition to
correct itself. If problems with blower overheating persist, call
for service.
3. The temperature probe or interface board may be defective.
Call for service.
7-2
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
7.2 Main Burner Malfunctions (cont.)
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
Main burner flames are
small and appear lazy;
Oil or shortening does
not come up to
temperature quickly.
1. Authorized Service Agent Only: Check gas pressure at the
pressure tap of the gas control. Use a standard water-type Ugauge manometer. With the burner in operation, the pressure
should be about 3.5 – 4" W.C. (10 mbar) on natural and 14"
W.C. (27.5 mbar) on propane gases. If not, unscrew the cover
of the pressure regulator adjustment and turn the adjusting
screw clockwise to increase gas pressure (or counterclockwise
to decrease the pressure). Replace regulator adjustment
cover.
Signs of excessive
frypot temperature; oil
or shortening quickly
becomes discolored.
1. Check Thermatron controller; may be out of calibration. Recalibrate in accordance with instructions in Section 7.3.
2. Check probe adjustment (systems without probe-bulb clamps).
Probe should be 1/8" or less to bottom of frypot (see illustration
on page 4-1). Ensure sensor bulb clamp is present and
securely fastened (current production models).
3. Authorized Service Agent Only: Check gas pressure.
4. Cooking oil or shortening is of inferior quality or used too long.
Replace with quality oil or shortening.
5. Authorized Service Agent Only: May be a short circuit in
system. Check wiring.
7.3 Thermatron Controller Calibration
If the Thermatron controller requires adjustment, do the following:
1. Set the controller dial to the desired oil temperature and allow the oil or shortening temperature
to stabilize.
2. When oil temperature reaches setpoint (burners will cycle on and off four times, indicating
setpoint temperature has been reached), check the temperature with a high-quality immersion
thermometer. Insert the thermometer within 2-inches of the probe-bulb cover plate.
3. Loosen the knob setscrew and rotate the knob to the correct temperature setting on the
Thermatron faceplate.
4. Check the temperature again with a high-quality immersion thermometer to confirm that the
setting is correct.
5. Re-tighten the knob setscrew at the calibrated position.
7-3
24G SERIES FLATBOTTOM GAS FRYERS
CHAPTER 7: TROUBLESHOOTING
7.4 Recommended Spare Parts
Commonly replaced parts in older 24G Series Flatbottom gas fryers are:
Gas Valve-24V, CE – G20/G25 – 807-2091
Gas Valve-24V, CE – G31– 807-2127
Gas Valve-24V, Non-CE – Natural – 807-3555
Gas Valve-24V, Non-CE – LP/Propane – 807-3690
Gas Valve-120V, Non-CE – Natural – 810-2156
Gas Valve-120V, Non-CE – Propane – 810-2323
Burner Tubes – 810-2129
High-Limit Thermostat, CE – 410°F (210°C) – 807-3560
High-Limit Thermostat, Non-CE – 435°F (224°C) – 807-3559
Thermocouple, Non-CE – 807-3550
Thermocouple, CE – 810-1152
Temperature Sensor Probe – 106-0882SP
Thermatron Interface Board, Non-CE 120V – 807-3566
Thermatron Interface Board, CE 208/230V – 807-3722
Potentiometer, Thermatron Controller – 807-3536
Power Switch – 807-3574
Boil-Out Switch (6-Terminal) – 807-3579
Fryer Reset Switch (Momentary) – 807-3576
Filter Power Switch (Manual) – 807-3580
Blower Motor, 120V – 807-3573
Blower Motor, 230V – 106-3088SP
Sail Switch (Air Prover Switch) – 807-3746
Ignition Module – 807-3554
Direct Spark Ignitor Assembly – 106-1643SP
Ignition Cable – 106-1644SP
Sense Wire, Direct Spark Ignitor – 106-1645SP
7-4
Dean, 8700 Line Avenue, PO Box 51000, Shreveport, Louisiana 71135-1000
Shipping Address: 8700 Line Avenue, Shreveport, Louisiana 71106
TEL 1-318-865-1711
PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES
FAX (Parts) 1-318-688-2200
SERVICE HOTLINE
1-800-551-8633
FAX (Tech Support) 1-318-219-7135
Price: $14.00
819-6000
DECEMBER 2003
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