Owner`s manual | Fujitsu RX600 S4 Security Camera User Manual

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Page 1
OWNER’S MANUAL
AND REFERENCE
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GPSMAP 135
Sounder
TM
®
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Software Version 2.30 or above, Internal Database Version 2.01 © Navionics Corporation
TM
G-chart cartridge data is copyrighted by Navionics Corporation and GARMIN
Corporation and may not be copied or used for any other purpose without permission.
© 1997 GARMIN Corporation
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS USA 66062
Tel: 913-397-8200 or 800-800-1020
Fax: 913-397-8282
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
GARMIN (Europe) LTD
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, UK SO51 9AQ,
Tel: 011-44-1794-519944
Fax: 011-44-1794-519222
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic or manual, including photocopying and recording, for
any purpose without the express written permission of GARMIN.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. GARMIN reserves the
right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements.
May 1997
Part #190-00107-00 Rev. C
Printed in Taiwan.
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Page i
INTRODUCTION
Warning
Warning
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder should not be used as a navigational aid or depth sounder to
prevent collision, grounding, boat damage, or personal injury. The digital depth displayed is
the depth under the back of your boat and not the front. By the time a depth is displayed
most of your boat has already passed over that area. We recommend that you operate the
boat at very slow speed if you suspect shallow water or submerged objects.
GARMIN, GPSMAP, G-chart, AutoLocate,
TracBack and PhaseTrac12 are trademarks of
GARMIN Corporation and may only be used
with permission. All rights are reserved.
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Page ii
INTRODUCTION
Cautions
CAUTION!
The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder has no
user-serviceable parts. Should you ever
encounter a problem with your unit, please take
it to an authorized GARMIN dealer for repairs.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder is screwed shut and
dry nitrogen sealed. Any attempt to open the
case to change or modify the unit in any way
will void your warranty and may result in permanent damage to the equipment.
Caution
The GPS system is operated by the United States government, which is solely
responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes
which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Although
the GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder is a precision electronic NAVigation AID
(NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become
unsafe.
Use the GPSMAP 135 Sounder at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe
operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and
thoroughly practice operation using the simulator mode prior to actual use. When in
actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPSMAP 135 Sounder to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual
sightings, charts, etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
NOTE: This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. There is no guarantee that interference will
not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by relocating the equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit. Consult an authorized dealer or other qualified technician for additional help if these remedies do not correct
the problem.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for class B digital devices for
home or office use. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device
may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
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Page iii
Designed for detailed electronic charting and complete depth sounding capability, the GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder is a powerful navigation device that can
also give you the fishfinding information you need in fresh or saltwater:
Precision Performance
• High-contrast, four-level gray, LCD screen
• PhaseTrac12 receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites simultaneously
for fast, accurate positioning
• Differential-Ready— just add the optional GBR 21 beacon receiver for better
than 5-meter accuracy
• Dry nitrogen-sealed case for use in exposed locations
Advanced Navigating and Plotting
• 250 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons and comments
• Built-in worldwide database usable from 4096 to 64 nm scales
• 20 reversible routes with up to 30 waypoints each
• G-chartTM electronic charting with inland and offshore coverage
• TracBackTM route feature which allows you to quickly retrace your track log to
a starting position
• Built-in simulator mode
Superior Fishfinding Ability
• Four zoom levels with a moving view window
• Underwater waypoint marking
• Map/Sounder split screen combines navigation and fishfinding information
• Fish and depth alarms
• Continuously shown digital depth display on all pages
INTRODUCTION
Capabilities
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INTRODUCTION
Page iv
WARRANTY
Warranty
GARMIN warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option,
repair or replace any components which fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor. The customer is,
however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs. GARMIN
assumes no responsibility for special, incidental, punitive or consequential damages,
or loss of use.
The warranties and remedies contained herein are exclusive, and in lieu of all
other warranties expressed or implied, including any liability arising under warranty
of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, statutory or otherwise. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights, which may vary from state to state.
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service department
(913-397-8200 M-F 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CST) for a returned merchandise tracking
number. The unit should be securely packaged with the tracking number clearly
marked on the outside of the package and sent freight prepaid and insured to a
GARMIN warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as
the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. GARMIN retains the exclusive right to
repair or replace the unit or software at its sole discretion.
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Page v
Preface
INTRODUCTION
Preface
Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced depth sounding and
marine navigation systems available! The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder combines the proven performance of GARMIN GPS, powerful G-Chart electronic
charting, and full featured depth sounding into one unit to create an unsurpassed
marine navigation and fishfinding package.
To get the most out of your new navigation and sounding system, take the time
to go through this operator’s manual and learn the operating procedures for your
unit. This manual is broken down into two parts for your convenience.
Part One introduces you to the GPSMAP 135 Sounder and provides a Getting
Started tour so that you may become more familiar with the unit. This section will
provide you with a basic working knowledge necessary to use the unit to its fullest
potential.
Part Two is divided into sections that provide detailed references to the
advanced features and operations of the GPSMAP 135 Sounder. This allows you to
concentrate on a specific topic quickly, without reading through entire portions of
text that you may not need. This section can be used to look up detailed information about the GPSMAP 135 Sounder.
WARNING!
The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is
designed to facilitate the use of authorized government charts, not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain
all information needed for safe navigation – and,
as always, the user is responsible for their
prudent use.
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INTRODUCTION
Packing List
Before installing and getting started with your unit, please check to see that
your package includes the following items. If any parts are missing, please see
your GARMIN dealer immediately.
Standard Package*:
• GPSMAP 135 Sounder Unit
• External Antenna and 30’ cable
• Power/Data Cable
• Mounting Bracket
• Owner’s Manual
• Quick Reference Card
*For assembly part number 010-00092-01, a standard transom-mount transducer is
included.
Optional Accessories:
• G-chart Electronic Chart Cartridges
• PC Kit
• In-Hull and Transom-Mount Transducers with or without temperature and
speed-over-water capability.
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Warning ..................................................................................................................i
Cautions.................................................................................................................ii
Capabilities/Warranty .........................................................................................iii-iv
Preface/Packing List .............................................................................................v-vi
Table of Contents/Keypad Usage.......................................................................vii-viii
Getting Started ...................................................................................................1-19
Section 1: GPSMAP Status Page ....................................................................20-22
Satellite and receiver status, entering initial positions
Section 2: Position Page.................................................................................23-24
Position Page description and uses
Section 3: Sounder Page ................................................................................25-35
Sounder Page description, zooming, underwater waypoints, and options
Section 4: Map Page.......................................................................................36-44
Map Page description, modes, scales, and options
Section 5: Navigation Page ...........................................................................45-47
Navigation Page use and options
Section 6: Main Menu Page ................................................................................48
Viewing the main menu page and selecting submenus
Section 7: Waypoints ....................................................................................49-57
Creating, using, and editing waypoints
Section 8: GOTO/MOB/TracBack Functions..................................................58-61
Going to a destination and using GOTO options/TracBack routes
Section 9: Routes ...........................................................................................62-69
Creating, editing, and using routes
Section 10: Setup Menus................................................................................70-79
System and navigation setup; timers, alarms and track log
Section 11: Using G-chart cartridges .............................................................80-81
Inserting, removing, and using electronic chart cartridges
GETTING STARTED
Table of Contents
APPENDICES
Appendix A: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82-85
GPSMAP 135 Sounder Installation
Appendix B: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86-87
Wiring and Specifications
Appendix C: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88-89
Messages
Appendix D: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90-92
Map Datums
Appendix E: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93-94
Navigation/Depth Sounder Terms
Appendix F: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Time Offset Chart
Appendix G: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96-98
Index
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INTRODUCTION
Keypad Usage
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s advanced
keypad system is designed to allow for fast, convenient selection of navigation options and data
entry.
The Getting Started Tour will introduce you
to the keypad and provide a ‘hands-on’ lesson in
using the GPSMAP 135 Sounder. We strongly
encourage you to take the Getting Started tour
before using your unit for actual navigation and
fishing.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder Quick Reference
Card contains helpful tips on using the unit and
performing various navigation and sounder
tasks. It’s a good idea to keep the Quick
Reference Card nearby whenever you’re operating your new GPSMAP 135 Sounder.
viii
P
Turns the unit on and off and controls 3-level
screen backlighting.
J
Scrolls the main pages in sequence and returns
display from a submenu page to a main page.
M
Captures your present position and displays the
mark position window.
G
Displays the GOTO waypoint window, allowing
you to select the destination waypoint. Press
GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
graphically from the map.
O
Displays context-sensitive options window.
Press MENU twice to display main menu page.
T
Activates highlighted fields and confirms menu
options and data entry.
Q
Returns display to a previous page or restores a
data field’s previous value.
Z
Adjusts the map and highway scales up and down,
and controls the sounder page zoom function.
R
Controls the movement of the cursor and is
used to select options and positions, and to
enter data.
B
Marks your present GPS position and instantly
sets a return course while providing steering
guidance.
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Intializing the Receiver
GETTING STARTED
The first time you power up your new GPSMAP 135 Sounder is an important step
in getting the best possible GPS performance. The receiver must be given an opportunity to collect satellite data and establish its present position. To ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is shipped from the factory in AutoLocateTM
mode, which will allow the receiver to “find itself” anywhere in the world. To speed
up the initialization process, we recommend using the graphic initialization process
described below, which will usually provide a position fix in about a minute.
Initialization
Before you initialize, make sure the GPSMAP 135 Sounder unit and antenna have
been correctly installed on your vessel according to the instructions in Appendix A.
To turn the GPSMAP 135 Sounder on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds.
The welcome page will appear while the unit conducts a self test. Once the
internal test is complete, the mariner’s warning will appear, asking you to read and
acknowledge important information regarding the proper use of electronic charts.
A
B
To acknowledge the mariner’s warning:
1. Press the T key.
A message alert and prompt will also appear to ask you to select an initialization
method.
To view a system message:
1. Press the J key.
A. The welcome page will be displayed while the
unit performs a self-test.
B. Confirm the Mariner’s Warning before starting navigation. Remember that the electronic
chart is designed as a supplement to local
government charts, not as a replacement.
2. Press the J key again to return to the previous page.
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Page 2
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
The select initialization window will appear, with the ‘select from map’ option
highlighted.
1. Press T to initialize the receiver from the built-in worldwide map.
The map page will appear, prompting you to select your approximate present position with the map cursor.
1. Use the R keypad to move the map cursor to a location close to your present position. If you
have difficulty identifying your exact position, use the bottom arrow of the Z key to zoom in to a
lower map scale.
2. Press T to confirm your selection.
A
B
A. Use the arrow keypad to move the cursor to a
location close to your present position.
B. Hollow signal strength bars will appear on the
status page while the receiver collects satellite
data.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder will now begin searching for the appropriate satellites
for your present position and should acquire a fix within a minute or so. While the
receiver searches for satellites, a flashing satellite icon will appear at the left-hand side
of the status bar located at the bottom of the screen. The status bar is used to monitor
the current status of functions such as satellite signal reception, activated alarms, and
also constantly shows the digital depth. A signal strength bar for each satellite in view
will appear on the lower half of the page, with the appropriate satellite number under
each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars— the receiver has found the indicated satellite(s) and is
collecting data.
• Solid signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the
satellite(s) is ready for use.
Once the receiver has collected information from at least three satellites, the flashing
satellite icon on the status bar will glow steadily, and the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is
ready for use.
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Page 3
GPSMAP 135 Sounder Getting Started Tour
The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder is a powerful electronic navigation and
depth sounding system that provides detailed chart coverage and convenient control of many advanced features right from the screen display. This tour is designed
to take you through the basic pages and functions of the system using the simulator mode. Once you’re familiar with the main pages and functions of the unit, refer
to the reference section for instructions on performing specific tasks and functions.
The Getting Started tour assumes that the receiver has been properly installed
and initialized, and you have not changed any of the default unit settings. If you
have changed any settings (position formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions and pictures in the tour may not match your configuration.
GETTING STARTED
Power On/Screen Contrast
To turn the GPSMAP 135 Sounder on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds. The welcome page will appear
while the unit conducts a self test.
2. Once the self test is complete, press the T key to acknowledge the mariner’s warning.
The satellite status page will appear as the receiver begins acquiring satellites.
From the status page, you may also adjust the screen contrast and backlighting.
To adjust the screen contrast:
1. To increase the screen contrast, press the right arrow of the R keypad.
A
B
A. The screen contrast may be adjusted from the
status page by pressing the ARROW KEYPAD.
Press EDIT/ENTER to confirm changes.
2. To decrease the screen contrast, press the left arrow of the R keypad.
3. Press the T key to finish.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s three-level screen backlighting is controlled with
P key, and may be adjusted at any time from any page.
To turn on and adjust the backlighting:
1. Press the P repeatedly until the backlighting is at the desired level (off, 1, 2, or 3).
B. The status bar at the bottom of the screen is displayed at all times. It continuously shows current
depth and displays icons which show what mode the
unit is in, satellite signal presence, and which
alarms (if any) have been triggered. The current
scale will also be displayed if you are viewing the
navigation or map page, or if you are using the
3
sounder zoom function.
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Page 4
Status Field
GETTING STARTED
Horizontal Accuracy
Status Page/Simulator Mode
Dilution of Precision
Satellite
Sky View
Signal Strength
Indicators
Status Bar
Digital Depth
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s status page provides a visual reference of satellite
acquisition and receiver status, with a signal strength bar graph and a satellite sky
view in the center of the page. Each page of the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s system
also features an options page, which gives you access to other functions and features that relate to the specific page you are viewing. To get a feel for how the
options pages work, let’s put the GPSMAP 135 Sounder into simulator mode.
A
B
A. To start the simulator, confirm the simulator
warning. Simulator mode should never be used
for actual navigation.
B. Whenever the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is in simulator mode, a ‘Setup Simulator?’ option will
appear on the options menu for each page. An
‘Exit Simulator?’ option will also appear on the
status page options menu.
4
To place the GPSMAP 135 Sounder in simulator mode:
1. From the status page, press the O key. The options page will appear, displaying a menu
of options and functions for the status page.
2. Use the UP or DOWN arrow of the R keypad to highlight the ‘Start Simulator?’ option and
press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the simulator warning.
Once the simulator has been started, the status field at the top of the page will
display a ‘Simulating Navigation’ status. Now you’re ready to continue the rest of
the tour. Keep in mind that the GPSMAP 135 Sounder does not track satellites in
simulator mode, and this mode should never be used for actual navigation or to
determine the water depth. All the waypoint and route planning done in simulator
mode will still be retained in memory for future use.
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Page 5
GETTING STARTED
Page Sequence/Position Page
The satellite status page is one of five main pages used in the GPSMAP 135
Sounder’s system. All five pages are linked together in a simple chain, which
allows you to scroll through the pages in either direction using the J and Q
keys. To continue the tour, let’s move on to the next page, the position page.
Compass
Tape
To scroll to the next page in sequence:
1. Press the J key.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s position page shows where you are, what direction you’re heading and how fast you’re going. The compass tape at the top of the
page indicates the direction you’re moving. The four user-selectable data fields
below the compass tape show your current course and speed over ground, along
with a resettable trip odometer and depth display. Your current latitude and longitude, along with a 12/24-hour clock, appear at the bottom of the page.
Now that you’ve seen how the status and position pages can be used to monitor
satellite acquisition and your present position, let’s take a minute to learn how to
mark and store our present position as a waypoint. (Since we’re in simulator
mode, the present position displayed will be the last position calculated by the
receiver, which should be the spot where you’ve initialized the unit.) This will also
give you an opportunity to see how the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s R keypad and
T key are used for data entry.
Data
Fields
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
Status Bar
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To mark your present position:
GETTING STARTED
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit
waypoint name, symbol, position, and depth (at this position).
Using
Marking
the A
GOTO
Position
Key
2. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint name field (001) and press T.
3. Press the LEFT ARROW of the R keypad to clear the name field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter the name ‘DOCK’, using the UP and DOWN arrows to select
each letter, and the RIGHT arrow key to advance to the next character position. If you
make a mistake and select an incorrect character, simply use the LEFT arrow key of the
R keypad to backspace the cursor and correct the entry.
5. Press T to confirm the name.
A
B
A. The mark position page will automatically assign
a default three-digit name for each waypoint,
which can be changed at any time to an alphanumeric name containing up to six-characters.
B. A complete set of waypoint symbols allows you to
mark inland and offshore waypoints with a custom icon for fast waypoint recognition.
6
6. The field highlight will advance to the symbol field. Press T to access the waypoint
symbol page.
7. Use the R keypad to highlight the ANCHOR symbol.
8. Press T to confirm the symbol.
9. Press T again to confirm the ‘DONE?’ prompt and save the waypoint.
The waypoint is now stored in memory. Note that waypoints may also be created graphically from the map display, by manually entering position coordinates,
or as underwater waypoints from the sounder page. Each of these techniques is
described in the reference section of the manual and/or on your GPSMAP 135
Sounder quick reference guide. To continue our tour, let’s move on to the sounder
page.
1. Press the J key.
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Data Field
Page 7
GETTING STARTED
Range Mode
Sounder Page
Fish Arch
Thermocline
Whiteline
Status Bar
The sounder page lets you use the GPSMAP 135 as a fishfinder. The top of the
screen contains any of seven selectable data field options, while the middle of the
page contains a right-to-left moving sonar image of the water beneath your boat.
(Note: Items appear on the screen as they pass under your transducer. Those
objects appearing on the right side of the screen are closer to you than those on
the left.) Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish icon in three different
sizes. Thermoclines (layers of water separating warmer water above from cooler
water below) are shown as shades of gray.
The area of strongest sonar return (or whiteline) is displayed as a mix of light
and dark checkering. Typically, the bottom will be the primary source of the
whiteline. A thin whiteline indicates a softer bottom while a thick whiteline shows
a harder bottom. A black line is used to show the point where water meets the
whiteline. This black line will follow the bottom contour, along with any significant objects lying on the bottom. Along the right side of the screen is an
adjustable scale which reflects the depth of the area being displayed. The status
bar at the bottom of the page displays satellite signal status, digital depth, and any
triggered alarms. More on the sounder page may be found on pages 25-35.
A
B
A. When adjusted correctly, the bottom is outlined
by the whiteline. To adjust the whiteline, see page
30.
B. Pause the screen by pressing the EDIT/ENTER
key at any time. To continue screen movement,
press EDIT/ENTER again.
Pausing is used to allow more time to examine the
screen display and is necessary when using the
underwater waypoint function.
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Page 8
GETTING STARTED
Sounder Page
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder uses three range modes: auto, manual, and window.
Auto mode displays the most information possible while continuously showing
the bottom. Manual mode lets you select the displayed depth. Window mode
allows you to define a starting depth and length of the range window. You may
switch between auto and manual modes by using the R keypad. Window range
mode, however, must be activated from the sounder options menu (see page 31).
To switch from auto to manual mode:
1. Press the R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed on the
depth scale at the right side of the page.
2. Press T to confirm the selected range.
To switch from manual to auto mode:
1. Press the R up or down and hold it until you hear a repeated beep. ‘Auto’ will be
displayed in the function field at the top right corner of the page.
2. Press T.
A
B
A. When switching between auto and manual
modes, the range scale will be highlighted.
B. The digital depth of the waypoint is captured
with the underwater waypoint function.
The underwater waypoint feature marks a waypoint’s position and its depth.
This makes it easier to find and use an object such as a stump for a future fishing
location.
To mark an underwater waypoint:
1. Press T to pause the screen movement.
2. Use the R keypad to move the cursor onto the target (underwater drop off,
stump, etc.) you want to mark. A data field will appear with the cursor’s depth and
bearing and distance from your current position.
3. Press T. A waypoint page will appear with the waypoint’s coordinates, default
three-digit name, and depth.
4. Enter any waypoint information such as name, comment, etc., and press T.
8
5. When finished, press Q or T.
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Page 9
Another useful feature of the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is the sounder zoom,
which allows you to instantly “zoom in” to look at a specific portion of the
sounder display by using the Z key. The sounder zoom function is divided into
four display levels:
GETTING STARTED
Sounder Page
• 2X Split Screen––Shows two reduced-size sonar pictures at the same time. The top
half of the display screen shows the complete sonar picture at its original scale. The
bottom half shows a portion of the original picture at 1/2 depth scale.
• 2X Full Screen––Displays the 2X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 135 Sounder
screen and does not show the original scale picture.
• 4X Split Screen––Shows two reduced pictures, with one at the original depth scale
and one at 1/4 the original depth scale.
• 4X Full Screen––Displays only the 4X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 135
Sounder screen.
Once activated, the zoomed picture becomes the sounder page display. Note:
the zoom function can only be deactivated by pressing the Z key up until the original scale picture appears. Pressing Q will not turn off the zoom function.
The zoom function operates in either auto zoom or manual zoom. Auto zoom
will follow the bottom contour while manual zoom will display the selected
depth.
To access the sounder zoom function:
1. While viewing the sounder page, press Z down once. The 2X split screen will
appear. (Note: the current zoom scale will be displayed on the status bar at the
bottom of the screen).
2. Continue to press Z down to advance to further zoom screen levels.
A
B
A. Use the zoom window to view a smaller portion
of the complete range in greater detail.
B. Moving the zoom window allows you to view
anywhere between the surface and the bottom
quickly. See page 28 for directions on moving the
zoom window.
3. To deactivate the sounder zoom function, press Z up until the original scale picture appears and a triple beep sounds.
For more on the zoom function, see pages 27-29.
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Page 10
Let’s continue the Getting Started Tour with the map page.
GETTING STARTED
Map Page
1. Press the J key.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s map page combines digital chartplotting with a
user-selectable display of navigation data and a built-in worldwide database to 64
nm. It will also be the page you use most to create and edit waypoints and routes.
Before we take off on our practice route, let’s take a brief look at its various features
and displays.
Data
Fields
Boat
Icon
A
B
A. The map/sounder split screen displays cartography
and sounder information at the same time. The split
screen functions as a map page only and any
changes to the sounder display must be made from
the sounder page. Use the QUIT or PAGE key to
quickly switch between the map split-screen and the
sounder page.
10
B. The map page can also be configured to display
additional data fields and a graphic course deviation scale or compass. See page 40 for more on map
options.
Map
Scale
The map display, located in the middle of the page, shows your boat as a triangle marker on an electronically generated chart. Geographic names, markers and
buoys that are provided by the G-chart cartridge you’re currently using are also
shown. It also displays your track, routes and nearby waypoints. An on-screen
cursor lets you pan to other map areas, determine the range and bearing to a position, and perform various waypoint and route functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable display of various navigation data, including course, speed over ground, and bearing
and distance to the cursor or a particular waypoint. The status bar, located at the
bottom of the page, displays the current map scale setting, as well as the status information described on page 21.
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Using the Map Cursor
Working from the map page is a simple process that centers around the use of
the cursor. Controlled by the R keypad, the cursor is an important tool that can
be used to pan to other map locations, mark and edit waypoints and routes, and
review position data of on-screen navaids and waypoints.
GETTING STARTED
Map Cursor
To get a feel for using the map page and using the cursor, try the following
exercise:
1. Use the DOWN arrow of the Z key to set the map scale to the 64 nm setting. Your boat
should be near the center of the map, at the receiver’s last known position. (If your boat
isn’t where it should be, make sure that you have initialized the receiver and acquired a
position as described on pages 1-2.)
2. Use the DOWN arrow of the R keypad to move the cursor down to the first lat/lon grid
south of your boat’s position.
3. Using the R keypad to move the cursor, try following the outline of the lat/lon grid closest to your boat. Notice how another data field appears at the top of the page, showing
the bearing and distance from your boat to the cursor, along with the lat/lon of the cursor.
4. Press the Q key to remove the cursor and recenter your boat on the map display.
As you become more familiar with the cursor, you’ll see that the map display
actively scrolls or ‘pans’, letting you explore areas around the world (even outside
of your current G-chart coverage) and create waypoints and routes. Wherever you
move the cursor, you’ll always be just one Q keystroke away from returning the
map to your present position.
Now that you have a feel for how the cursor works, let’s move on and see how
the GPSMAP 135 Sounder works on the water. To help you practice using the
map page and other features, we’ve stored a practice route in the receiver’s permanent memory so you can see exactly what you’ll experience when you’re navigating with your new GPS chartplotter.
A
B
A. Whenever the cursor is active, the bearing and
distance of the cursor from your present position
will appear in a pop-up data window. To remove
the cursor and recenter your vessel on the map,
press the QUIT key.
B. To select an on-screen waypoint, simply move the
cursor over the desired waypoint. The
waypoint/navaid name and position, along with
the bearing and distance from your present position, will be displayed. Note: Underwater waypoints are also shown on the map.
11
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Going to a Destination
GETTING STARTED
Using the GOTO Function
GPS is all about marking positions as waypoints and navigating to them using
the receiver’s steering guidance and map displays. We’ve already seen how to use
the M key to store our present position, so it’s time to move on to the fun part—
going to a destination. The G key, located on the left side of the keypad above
the Q key, is the primary tool used to select a destination waypoint or a route to
navigate. The G key can be used in three primary ways:
• Pressing G once displays a list of all waypoints in memory, from which
you can select a single destination waypoint.
• Pressing G followed by the O key provides a list of GOTO options
that lets you start a TracBackTM route, select a destination waypoint from
the nearest waypoints list, select a stored route to navigate, or cancel the
current GOTO destination.
• Pressing G twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint,
navaid or cursor position as a destination directly from the map display.
A
B
A. Pressing GOTO once displays a list of all waypoints
stored in memory. To pick a destination, select the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. The GOTO options page allows you to either start a
TracBack route back home, select a destination
from the nearest waypoints list, or select a route
to navigate.
For our simulated trip, we’re going to select the pre-programmed tour route
[the second method], which will automatically place our vessel at the first route
waypoint. This will also give us an idea of how the O key is used throughout
the GPSMAP 135 Sounder system to provide context-sensitive options and functions. Let’s give it a try by activating the practice route stored in memory for navigation:
1. Press G. The waypoint list page will appear. (If we were selecting a single waypoint
to navigate to rather than a route, we would highlight the waypoint and press T.)
2. Press O to display the context-sensitive options available for the GOTO function.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘Select Route?’ option. Press T to confirm.
4. The select route page will appear, with the ‘GPSMAP TOUR’ route highlighted.
12
5. Press T. The map page will reappear and display five waypoints chained together in
a simple route, with your boat at the first route waypoint.
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A data field at the top of the page will now display the bearing and distance to
the second route waypoint. To get started, let’s enter a speed for our vessel, which
we can do from the ‘Setup Simulator?’ listing on the options page. The setup simulator page is also available from any other page in the main page sequence.
GETTING STARTED
Simulator Setup/Map Scales
To enter a boat speed:
1. Press the O key to display the map options page.
2. Use the R keypad to select the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option and press T.
3. Once the setup simulator page appears, press T to access the SOG field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter a speed of 60 knots.
5. Press T to finish, and J to return to the map display.
Once a speed has been entered, you’ll notice that the map will begin to move
slowly, keeping your boat centered on the display. To get a better view of what’s
going on, zoom in to a closer map scale.
1. Press the DOWN arrow of the Z key to select the 16 nm scale.
You’ll now have a clearer picture of the route we are navigating, along with an
outline-only presentation of the surrounding shoreline. Because the usable range
of the built-in database is only valid to 64 nm scale, we no longer have full cartography available. Keep in mind that whenever you do exceed the usable range of
the built-in database or the G-chart cartridge in use, the range field will display
‘OVR ZM’ or ‘NO MAP’ to indicate that you should exercise extreme caution using
the cartography data. See pages 39 and 81 for more information on map scales
and using G-chart detailed cartography.
Now that we’ve zoomed in a little closer to our route, we can pan ahead of our
vessel with the cursor to review and create on-screen waypoints and navaids. Try
moving the cursor to select the ‘TOUR3’ waypoint— just use the R keypad to
move the cursor as close as possible to the waypoint. (To move the cursor in small
increments, try a series of short key presses.)
A
B
A. To enter a boat speed or define the simulated
course, highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option
and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Enter a boat speed of 60 knots to begin the tour.
This will allow you to complete the Getting
Started tour in 10-15 minutes.
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Page 14
GETTING STARTED
Reviewing and Creating
Waypoints on the Map
Once the cursor is over the TOUR3 waypoint, you’ll notice that the waypoint
symbol and name will become highlighted. The data field at the top of the page
will display the waypoint name, the range and bearing from your present position,
and the coordinates for the waypoint.
To review the waypoint page for a selected waypoint:
1. Press the T key.
2. To return to the map page, press T again.
A
B
A. Waypoints can be created from the map display by
moving the cursor to the desired position and pressing the EDIT/ENTER key.
B. The create new waypoint page will automatically
assign the next available three-digit number as the
default waypoint name. If you are creating a
waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the navaid icon
and name will be used as the default symbol and
comment.
14
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints right from the map
display.
To create a new waypoint using the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor as close as possible to the following position:
N 35º 02.129’; W 076º 26.106’ (Use the data window to verify the cursor position.)
2. Press the T key to capture the cursor position.
3. Use the R key to highlight the waypoint symbol field.
4. Press T to access the symbol page.
5. Press the DOWN arrow of the R keypad twice to select the wreck symbol.
6. Press T to confirm, and T again to finish.
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Now that we’re navigating to an actual destination, let’s move on to the next
page of the GPSMAP 135 Sounder system, the navigation page:
1. Press the J key.
GETTING STARTED
Navigation Page
Compass Tape
Data
Fields
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
CDI
Scale
The navigation page provides graphic steering guidance to your destination.
The bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to the destination, with your current
course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG), are displayed at the top of the
page, along with a compass tape to indicate your cardinal heading. The estimated
time enroute (ETE) and velocity made good (VMG, or the rate you are closing
in on your destination) are displayed at the bottom of the page.
As you head toward the destination, the middle section of the page gives you
visual guidance to your waypoint on a graphic highway, which displays the
route and nearby waypoints on screen. The moving arrow below the highway
always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you’re moving.
The line down the center of the highway represents your desired track, while the
bottom of the page provides a graphic indication of your crosstrack error (the
distance and direction you are off course) according to the scale at the bottom
right of the page.
Whenever the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is in simulator mode, you can adjust your
speed and course from the navigation page using the R keypad. As you head
toward each waypoint in the tour route, try adjusting your boat speed and course
to get a feel for how the highway works.
A
B
A. In this example, our boat is off course to the left
by about 1/8th of a mile (the base of the highway
map is equal to the scale selected at the bottom
right of the page). To get back on course, steer
right.
B. In this example, our boat is off course to the right.
To get back on course, steer left. A digital readout
of your exact crosstrack error can be displayed in
any of the six data fields (see page 47).
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Page 16
To adjust the simulated boat speed:
GETTING STARTED
Using the Navigation Page
1. Press the UP arrow of the R keypad to increase the speed in 5 knot/kph/mph increments. Press the DOWN arrow to decrease the speed in the same increments.
To steer the boat:
1. Press the LEFT and RIGHT arrows of the R keypad.
Notice that as you get off course, the highway and waypoint pointer move to
give you graphic guidance to get back on course. The scale in the lower right corner of the page represents the total distance (or the width) of the base of the highway display. The default graphic highway setting is 1/4 nm, but can be set for a
1/2-, 1-, 2- or 4-nm range.
To change the highway scale display:
1. Press the Z key in either direction (up to increase, down to decrease the scale).
A
B
The navigation page data fields may also be configured to display any of eight
different navigation information categories. Let’s change the ETE field to ETA (estimated time of arrival).
To change a data field:
A. To reset the simulator to steer the desired course
automatically, select the ‘Auto COG’ setting from
the options page.
1. Press the O key to display the position page options.
B. The highway scale can be set to a 1/4-, 1/2-, 1-, 2-,
or 4-nm/mi/km range with the ZOOM keys.
3. Use the R keypad to move the field highlight to the ETE field and press T.
2. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T. The field highlight will now
appear in the top-left data field (the COG field).
4. Highlight the ‘ETA’ option and press T, and press Q to finish.
Now that you’ve seen the five main pages, let’s look at the active route page,
which appears in the main page sequence whenever you are navigating a route:
1. Press the J key.
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Page 17
The active route page shows each waypoint of the active route in sequence,
with the waypoint name, distance and estimated time enroute to each waypoint
displayed. As you navigate the route, the active route list will be automatically
updated, indicating the next destination waypoint.
GETTING STARTED
Active Route Page
The active route page also provides quick access to many route activation, editing and copying functions you’ll use most often, like inverting and deactivating
the active route. Let’s go ahead and deactivate the active route.
To deactivate the active route and stop navigation:
1. Press the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Deactivate Route?’ option.
3. Press T to confirm.
To reset the boat speed to zero:
1. Press the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option.
3. Press T.
A
B
4. Press T to access the SOG field.
5. Press the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the speed entry.
6. Press T.
As you’ve seen, the primary pages provide status, position, fishfinding, navigation and map information. The tour’s last page is the main menu page, which
allows access to the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s waypoint, route and planning functions, as well as various operational and navigation setup features.
The main menu is available from any page, and is accessed through the O key.
A. To stop navigating the active route, select the
‘Deactivate Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. Use the left arrow key to clear the SOG field and
press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
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To access the main menu page:
GETTING STARTED
Main Menu/Track Log
1. Press the O key twice.
The main menu page’s 11 submenus are divided into categories by function. You
can select a particular submenu by simply highlighting the desired option and
pressing T. To get a feel for how the main menu page works, let’s clear out the
track log we’ve created during our simulated tour. This will ensure that you have a
clean slate once you start navigating in your home waters.
To select the track submenu:
1. Highlight the ‘Track’ menu option and press T.
The track log page allows you to specify whether to record a track plot and
define how it is recorded. It also provides both an indicator of the total memory
used and the individual functions to clear the track log and start a TracBack route.
To delete the track log:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Track’ option and press T. A confirmation page will appear.
A
B
2. Highlight the ‘Yes’ prompt and press T to confirm.
3. Press J to return to the main page sequence.
A. The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s track page lets you
clear the track log and start a TracBack route.
B. To delete the track log, confirm the warning page
by highlighting the ‘YES’ prompt and pressing
EDIT/ENTER.
18
Congratulations! You’ve now gone through the basic operation of the GARMIN
GPSMAP 135 Sounder. Your new digital chartplotter is a powerful tool with many
advanced features not covered in the Getting Started tour. For detailed instructions
on using these features or performing a specific task, please refer to the quick reference guide or the appropriate reference section of this manual.
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Getting Started
Power Off
SECTION
1
To turn the GPSMAP 135 Sounder off:
1. Press and hold the P key for about 3 seconds, until the screen is blank.
The next section of the manual describes the pages and functions of the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder in detail. If you are unable to locate a specific option or
function, please refer to the index on pages 96-98.
Thank you for choosing the GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder navigation and
depth sounding unit. We hope that it will be a useful tool for you wherever you
drop a line.
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Page 20
Status Page
SECTION
1
STATUS PAGE
Status Field
Satellite
Sky View
Receiver Status
Horizontal Accuracy
Dilution of Precision
Signal Strength
Indicators
Status Bar
A
B
A. Whenever the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is searching for
satellites, no signal strength bars will appear.
B. Once the receiver has found the satellite(s) indicated,
a hollow signal strength bar will appear. After satellite data has been collected, the signal strength bars
will become solid.
20
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder status page provides a visual reference of various
receiver functions, including current satellite coverage, receiver operating mode
and current receiver accuracy. The status information will give you an idea of what
the receiver is doing at any given moment.
The sky view and signal strength bars give you an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and whether or not they are being tracked. The signal strength is shown on a bar graph for each satellite, with the satellite number
below. When a satellite is visible but not being tracked, the strength bar will not
be shown and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted.
The sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative
to the receiver’s last known position. The outer circle represents the horizon (track
up), the inner circle 45º above the horizon, and the center point a position directly overhead. Use the sky view to determine if there are obstructions shading your
reception of GPS signals.
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Receiver Status, EPE & DOP
STATUS PAGE
Receiver status is indicated at the top of the page, with the current estimated
position error (EPE) and dilution of precision (DOP) to the left of the sky view.
DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality measured on a scale of one to
ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). EPE uses DOP and
other factors to calculate a horizontal position error in feet or meters. The status
field will show one of the following conditions:
Receiver Status
SECTION
1
• Searching the Sky— the receiver is looking for any satellites.
• AutoLocate— the receiver is is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. This process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites— the receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites
visible at its last known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to
calculate a fix.
• 2D Navigation— at least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and
a 2 dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
2D mode.
• 3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and
your position is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
3D mode.
• Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D
or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to incorrect initialization or abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
A
B
A. The status bar at the bottom of the page displays
important status, alarm and map scale information. It also provides on-screen user and message
prompts.
B. The status bar will display an anchor symbol or
‘PRX’ icon whenever the anchor drag alarm or
proximity alarm has been triggered.
• Simulating Navigation— the receiver is in simulator mode.
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Status Page Options
SECTION
1
STATUS PAGE
Options
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s status page features a context-sensitive options
page that provides access to functions and features relating to the status page.
To display the status page options:
1. Press O.
A
B
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
A. Whenever the GPSMAP 135 Sounder is in simulator mode, the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option will appear
on the option menu for each of the main pages.
22
B. The setup simulator page allows you to define your
speed and course over ground, as well as your position, altitude, and depth. The ‘Auto COG’ option
will automatically steer the desired course to your
destination. Your speed and course can also be
selected from the navigation page using the rocker
keypad (see page 16).
The following options are available:
• Initialize Position?— allows you to initialize the receiver graphically or by text.
See pages 1-2 for instructions on initialization.
• Start AutoLocate?— allows the receiver to locate your position automatically.
• Track Up/North Up SkyView?— allows you to select between a north up or
track up sky view display.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using simulator mode.
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Position Page
POSITION PAGE
Compass
Tape
Data
Fields
Overview
SECTION
2
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
Status Bar
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder position page shows you where you are, what direction you are heading and how fast you are going. The top of the page features a
compass tape to indicate the direction you’re heading (while you’re moving), and
four user selectable data fields: course over ground (COG), speed over ground
(SOG), distance traveled (TRP) and altitude (ALT). The bottom half of the page
displays your present position’s coordinates, along with the time of day as calculated using GPS satellites. The status bar at the bottom of the page indicates position fix status, and is described in detail on page 21.
The units of measure for speed, distance, position and altitude are all userselectable through the navigation setup option on the main menu page. The time
of day, shown in UTC (Universal Time Coordinated, or Greenwich Mean Time)
may be set to display in a 12- or 24-hour time format (with a local offset) through
the system setup option on the main menu page.
The trip odometer can be reset from the position page
options window. To reset the odometer, select the
‘Reset Trip Distance?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
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Page 24
Position Page Options
SECTION
2
POSITION PAGE
Options
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s position page features a context-sensitive options
page that provides access to functions and features relating to the position page.
To display the position page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Reset Trip Distance?— resets the trip odometer (TRP) field to zero.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to choose the data displayed in the four userselectable data fields. Eight data types are available:
A
B
A. The four data fields at the top of the position page
can be changed by selecting the ‘Change Data
Fields?’ option.
• SOG— speed over ground
• VDC— DC voltage
• TRP— distance traveled
• STW— speed through water
To change a data field:
• ALT— altitude
• COG— course over ground
• DPT— depth
• TMP— temperature
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the field you want to change and press T.
3. Select the desired data field option and press T.
B. Each data field can be set to display speed over
ground, course over ground, distance traveled, altitude, DC voltage, depth. speed through water and
temperature display are available if you are using a
properly equipped transducer.
24
• Restore Defaults?— resets all data fields to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started tour for more on using simulator mode.
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Sounder Page
Data Field
SOUNDER PAGE
Overview and
Range Modes
Range Mode
SECTION
3
Fish Icon
Whiteline
Black Line
Thermocline
Status Bar
The sounder page is where your GPSMAP 135 Sounder becomes a powerful
fishfinder. The top of the screen contains any of seven selectable data field options,
while the middle of the page contains a right-to-left moving sonar image of the
water beneath your boat. (Note: Items appear as they pass under your transducer.
Those items on the right side of the screen are closer to you than those on the
left.) Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish icon in three different sizes.
Thermoclines are shown as shades of gray.
The area of strongest sonar return (or whiteline) is displayed as a mix of light
and dark checkering. Typically, the bottom will be the primary whiteline. A thin
whiteline indicates a soft bottom while a thick whiteline shows a harder bottom. A
black line is used to show the point were the water meets the whiteline. This
black line will follow the contour of the bottom and show any objects of reasonable size. Along the right side of the screen is an adjustable scale which reflects
the depth of the area being displayed. The status bar at the bottom of the page
displays satellite signal status, digital depth, and any triggered alarms.
A
B
A. The right side of the screen represents the transducer’s location on your boat. Items appearing
on the right side of the screen were passed by
more recently than those on the left.
B. The four-level gray LCD screen makes it possible
to easily separate sonar targets from their
surroundings.
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Range Modes
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Range Modes
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder uses three depth range modes: auto, manual, and
window. Auto is the default and continually adjusts the screen display to show
the maximum amount of data possible, while always showing the bottom; manual allows you to adjust the sonar display’s depth with the the R keypad; window
lets you establish a starting depth (top) and length (span) for the sonar display.
Switching Between Ranges and Modes
The R keypad may be used for easy transition between manual and auto
modes. Window mode, however, can only be activated from the sounder options
menu (see page 31).
To switch from auto to manual mode:
1. Press the R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed on the
scale at the right side of the page.
2. Press T to confirm the selected range or Q to return to Auto mode.
To adjust manual range or switch from manual to auto mode:
A
B
A. Auto mode will show the most information
available while always keeping the bottom in
view.
B. The range scale will be highlighted when using
the arrowkeypad to adjust manual range mode
or when switching between auto and manual
mode.
1. Press R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed.
2. Press T to confirm the selected depth.
3. You can easily switch to Auto mode if you press and hold the R up or down until
you hear a repeated beep. ‘Auto’ will be displayed in the function field at the top
right corner of the page.
4. Press T to confirm.
To adjust the window range anytime after initial setup:
1. Press R once in any direction. The window range submenu will appear.
2. Enter values for the ‘top’ and ‘span’ fields and press T.
26
3. When finished press Q.
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Page 27
Sounder Zoom Function
SECTION
The sounder zoom function allows you to see the current display picture at 2
times (2X) and 4 times (4X) magnification. 2X means that the screen displayed
will now cover 1/2 the depth you were originally viewing in twice the detail and
4X shows 1/4 the original depth at four times the detail. Because less area is being
shown [in a zoom screen] objects can be seen in greater detail.
The sounder zoom function is accessed by using the Z key when viewing the
sounder page.The sounder zoom function is divided into four display levels:
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Zoom
3
• 2X Split Screen - Shows two reduced-size sonar pictures at the same time. The top
half of the display screen will show the complete sonar picture at its original scale.
The bottom half shows the original picture at 1/2 depth scale.
• 2X Full Screen - Displays the 2X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 135 Sounder
screen and does not show the original scale picture.
• 4X Split Screen - Again shows two reduced pictures, with one showing the original
scale and one at 1/4 the original depth scale.
• 4X Full Screen - Displays only the 4X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 135
Sounder screen.
Once activated, the zoomed picture replaces the sounder page display. Note:
The zoom function can only be deactivated by using the Z key and scrolling up to
the original picture scale. Q will not turn off the zoom function.
The zoom function operates in either auto zoom or manual zoom. Auto zoom
will follow the bottom contour while manual zoom will display the selected depth.
To activate the sounder zoom function:
1. While viewing the sounder page, press Z down once. The 2X split screen will be
displayed.
A
B
A. The 2X zoom split screen allows you to view a
smaller portion of the range while continuing to
view the complete range.
B. Use the 2X or 4X full screen zoom when you
want to see the zoomed area displayed on the full
screen.
2. Continue to press Z down to advance to further zoom screen levels.
3. To deactivate the zoom function, press Z up until the original scale picture
appears.
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Moving the Zoom Window
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Zoom Window
Once a zoom window has been activated, the zoom window can instantly be
moved to show a different area. A zoom window indicator bar will be displayed
on the right side of the original-scale picture (top). The bar’s length and position
will correspond to the zoomed picture displayed on the lower half of the screen.
To move the zoom window:
1. Press the R keypad once in any direction to activate the movement function. The
range scale on the right side of the zoomed picture will be highlighted.
2. Press the R keypad up or right to move the window to view a shallower depth
and down or left to view a deeper depth.
3. When the window reaches the desired position, press T to accept or Q to
return to the previous window position.
Underwater Waypoints
A
B
A. Auto zoom will show the most information possible while continually showing the bottom on
each half of the split screen.
B. You can switch from manual to auto mode even
while in the zoom mode, by pressing and holding the arrow keypad up or down until you hear
a triple beep, and then pressing it once more.
The underwater waypoint feature makes it possible to mark the position and
depth of an object which you might want to return to, such as a stump, underwater ledge, etc. Note: Pressing QUIT returns you to the standard sounder screen.
To mark an underwater waypoint:
1. Press T to pause the moving screen display.
2. Press the R keypad in any direction to activate the on-screen cursor. A data field
will appear with the cursor’s depth, bearing and distance from your current position, and the waypoint’s coordinates. Since the distance and bearing shown are
measured from the boat to the waypoint, they will change as your boat moves,
even if the cursor is stationary. Note: The cursor will not move off of the paused
display and cannot show an area that has scrolled off the screen.
3. Use the R keypad to move the cursor onto the target (stump, etc.) to be marked.
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4. Press T. A waypoint page will appear listing the waypoint’s coordinates,
default three digit name, and depth.
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5. Enter any desired information for the waypoint such as name, comment, etc., and
press T.
SOUNDER PAGE
6. To resume display movement, press Q or T.
Underwater Waypoints
and Map/Sounder
Split Screen
Note: In the event that you only want to find the depth of an object and not
mark it as a waypoint, simply press Q once the depth has been displayed to
return to normal operation.
Map/Sounder Page Split Screen
SECTION
3
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder can be configured to display a split screen display of
a sounder window and map page simultaneously to let you see cartography and
sounder information at the same time. The split screen is activated from the map
page only.
A
To select the map/sounder split screen display option:
1. Press the O key to display the map page options menu.
2. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
3. Select either of the entries for “Fields & Sounder” and press T.
The split screen map/sounder page functions as only a map page with sounder
window for viewing only. To modify the sounder page, you must push Q, (to
access the sounder page) make any desired changes, and then push J to return
to the map/sounder split screen. Note: For best results, it is recommended that
you maximize the map portion of the sounder/map split screen. See page 40.
B
A. Use the target cursor to mark an underwater
waypoint and press ENTER.
B. Underwater waypoints can be marked while
using the zoom function by following the same
steps used for a non-zoomed screen.
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Sounder Page Options
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Options
The sounder options page lets you customize the sounder to your needs.
To display the sounder page options:
1. Press O.
The following options are available:
• Sensitivity Adjust?— determines how sensitive the sounder is to sonar echoes. High
sensitivity may show clutter which can conceal fish, while low sensitivity may not
show all fish.
• Chart Speed Adjust?— allows you to select the speed at which the sonar display
scrolls across the screen.
• Whiteline Adjust?— enables you to select how the area of strongest sonar return is
shown. A high setting will cause a thick whiteline while low settings show a thin
whiteline.
To change the sensitivity, chart speed, or whiteline:
1. Highlight the specific option and press T.
A
B
A. Use the sounder options page to change the
sounder page display to fit your needs.
B. Three range modes may be selected.
2. The operating display field in the upper right corner of the screen will be highlighted. Use the R keypad to select the desired value and press T.
• Set Range Mode?— allows you to select from auto, manual, or window modes.
To set the range mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Set Range Mode?’ option and press T.
2. Choose the desired mode and press T. Nothing further is required to activate
auto or manual modes. Window range mode, however, will require setup for firsttime use or to change the existing window values.
3. Press the R keypad once in any direction to display a window range definition
field. Enter a value for the TOP (depth at which the window will start) and the
SPAN (length it will cover).
30
4. To finish press Q. Note: Previous window range values will be used whenever
window range is activated unless changed from the window range definition field.
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• Setup Page Display?–– allows you to select the fields displayed in the data section of
the sounder page. The following options are available:
• 1 Field
• 1 Field & Compass
• 1 Field & CDI
• 3 Fields
SECTION
SOUNDER PAGE
• 3 Fields & Compass
• 3 Fields & CDI
• 5 Fields
Sounder Options
3
To change the page display:
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the desired field and press T.
3. Select a page display option and press T.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to specify the data displayed in each data field
used on the sounder page. The following options are available:
• BRG- bearing to active waypoint
• DIS- distance to active waypoint
• SOG- speed over ground
• COG- course over ground
• ETE- estimated time enroute
• ETA- estimated time of arrival
• XTK- crosstrack error
• VMG- velocity made good
• TRN- turn angle to waypoint
• VDC- DC voltage
• DPT- depth
• TMP- temperature (transducer option)
• STW- speed through water (transducer option)
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the desired field and press T.
A
B
A. The sounder page can be configured to display up
to five data fields simultaneously.
B. Any of thirteen information options may be
shown in a designated data field.
3. Select a data field option and press T.
4. When finished press Q.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all sounder page options to the factory settings, except
the sounder setup page options. Restoring defaults on the
sounder setup page is addressed in the sounder setup page
options menu (See page 35).
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Sounder Setup
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Setup
The next sounder page menu option is ‘Sounder Setup?’. This option allows
you to setup the sounder for your specific needs. Five operational settings/functions may be accessed: fish ID, water type, noise rejection, keel offset, and speed
calibration.
To access sounder setup:
1. Highlight the ‘Sounder Setup?’ option and press T. The sounder setup page will
appear.
• Fish ID— determines how the GPSMAP 135 Sounder identifies and labels
sonar targets on the viewing screen. Three settings are available:
• Off–is the default setting and shows all sonar target information as
arches.
• On–shows small, medium, or large fish icons in place of arches
and displays other echo information (thermoclines, thin stumps,
etc.) as shades of gray.
A
B
• Fish Only–shows fish icons.
To select fish ID:
A. The ‘Off’ fish id setting is the default setting and
will display raw sonar data and show all targets
as arches.
1. Highlight the ‘Fish ID’ option and press T. The fish id submenu will appear.
2. Highlight the desired setting and press T.
• Target Depth–Displays the digital depth of each fish icon.
B. The depth of each target is displayed by setting
the ‘TARGET DEPTH’ field to ‘On’.
• On–shows fish icons with digital depth.
• Off–does not display depth.
To select target depth:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the target depth field and press T. A corresponding submenu will appear.
32
2. Highlight your submenu selection and press T.
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• Water Type - Maximizes the sounder’s operation in cold, cool, or warm water and
salt or freshwater. Has one field for water temperature and one for water composition. Set the water temperature option to ‘Cold’ if the water is below 40ºF, ‘Cool’ if
it is between 40º- 80ºF, and ‘Warm’ if it is above 80ºF. Set the water composition
field to salt or freshwater depending on where you are fishing.
SECTION
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Setup
3
To select water temperature or composition:
1. Use the R keypad to select either the temperature or water composition field and
press T. A corresponding submenu will appear.
2. Highlight your submenu selection and press T.
• Noise Rejection - Removes cross talk from other sounders or ignition noise due to
poor boat motor installation (non-shielded plugs, etc.). The ‘AUTO’ setting is the
default and identifies the presence of crosstalk noise, and turns rejection on when it
needs to. When the noise disappears, it turns the rejection off. The ‘OFF’ setting prevents the unit from removing any perceived noise from the display. The ‘ON’ setting
removes anything the unit thinks is cross talk noise and attempts to “repair” the damage done by suspected interference with real echoes.
To set noise rejection:
1. Highlight the “Noise Rejection” field and press T. A submenu will appear.
2. Select from OFF, AUTO, or ON and press T.
• Keel Offset - allows you to set the point from which the GPSMAP 135 Sounder will
measure depth. This makes it possible to measure depth from the bottom of your keel
instead of from the transducer's location. A positive number will measure depth from
a deeper point while a negative number reflects a shallower point.
A
B
A. The correct temperature setting will ensure that
the sounder gives more accurate depth
measurements.
B. Use the noise rejection feature to minimize
interference from nearby electronics.
To set keel offset:
1. Highlight the “Keel Offset” field and press T. Use the R to enter the keel
offset value and press T.
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Page 34
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Setup and
Calibration
• Speed Calibration - If you are using a transducer equipped to display speed
through water (STW), calibration is required to ensure that the STW displayed by
your GPSMAP 135 Sounder will be accurate. The unit may be calibrated automatically
or manually, but auto calibration is recommended and is the default setting.
To calibrate the unit:
1. Press the O key to display the sounder options page.
2. Using the R keypad, highlight ‘Sounder Setup?’ and press T.
3. Choose between auto and manual calibration.
To use Auto Calibration:
1. Ensure ‘Auto Calibrate?’ is displayed in the speed calibration field. If it is not, press
O to display the calibration menu.
2. Highlight ‘Auto Calibrate’ and press T.
3. Press T again and an instruction message will appear.
A
B
A. Calibration is required to use the GPSMAP 135
Sounder with a transducer equipped for accurate speed through water readings.
B. Follow instructions for auto calibration
carefully.
34
4. After reading the instructions, and when you are ready to begin the calibration,
press T.
5. Slowly accelerate your boat to a maximum safe cruising speed and then back
down to a stop and press T.The minimum and maximum speed which the unit
is now calibrated for will be displayed in the ‘calibrated range’ field.
6. Auto calibration is complete.
When manual calibration mode is selected, the speed calibration bar will
appear as a white horizontal strip, with a black slider bar positioned in the
middle.
Before entering the calibration, you will need to compare the value shown on
the speed calibration field’s STW display, with your boat’s actual speed as determined by the speedometer or by using a stop watch. Accelerate to a safe speed
and compare the two speed readings.
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To use Manual Calibration:
SOUNDER PAGE
Sounder Setup and
Calibration
SECTION
3
1. Ensure manual calibration mode is selected in the speed calibration field, if not,
press O, highlight ‘Manual Calibrate?’, and press O.
2. Press T. The slider bar will turn black and the calibration range bar will turn to
white.
3. Use the R keypad to move the selector bar until the speed displayed in the ‘STW’
field matches the speed of your boat. Move the bar to the left for negative values
and right for positive values.
4. When the desired speed is displayed, press T.
5. Press Q to return to the sounder page.
Two options may be accessed from the sounder setup options menu: ‘Manual or
Auto Calibration’ (whichever one currently is not selected) and ‘Restore Defaults’.
Access the options menu by pressing O, select an option, and press T.
• Setup Simulator?— This sounder page option will appear only when the unit is in
simulator mode. It allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth, and
position values. See the Getting Started Tour for more on the simulator .
A
B
A. The ‘Setup Simulator?’ option is included in the
options menu for each of the five main pages
when in simulator mode.
B. Each simulator data field may be modified to
display user-selected values and navigational
information.
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Page 36
Map Page
SECTION
4
MAP PAGE
Data
Window
Overview
Boat
Icon
Map
Scale
Status
Bar
A
B
A. Use the cursor to pan ahead to other map areas.
The map display will automatically scroll forward when you reach the edge of the map.
B. To select or ‘highlight’ an on-screen navaid or
waypoint, simply move the cursor over the waypoint symbol. The cursor will ‘snap’ to the waypoint, and display its name and position in the
data field.
36
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s map page provides a comprehensive display of
electronic cartography, plotting and navigational data. The map display shows
your boat on a digital chart, complete with geographic names, navaids, depth contours and a host of other chart features. It also plots your track and displays any
routes and waypoints you create. An on-screen cursor lets you pan and scroll to
other map areas, determine the distance and bearing to a position, and perform
various route and waypoint functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable
display of your current course and speed over ground, along with the bearing and
distance to a destination waypoint. Whenever the cursor is active, an additional
data window will appear below to indicate the position, range and bearing to the
cursor or a selected waypoint or navaid. Each data field may be configured to display any one of thirteen data options. The data window may also be changed to
display additional data fields, a compass tape, or a CDI scale. The status bar at
the bottom of the page displays the map scale currently in use.
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Map Modes
MAP PAGE
The map display uses the cursor keypad and a set of hard keys to control most
map display functions. The Z keys, combined with the R keypad, let you select
zoom ranges and move the cursor. Two basic map operating modes, position mode
and cursor mode, determine what cartography is shown on the map display.
Position mode pans the cartography to keep the present position marker within
the display area, while cursor mode pans the cartography to keep the cursor within the display area.
The GPSMAP system will always power up in the position mode, with your
vessel centered on the map display.
Map Modes
SECTION
4
• Whenever sufficient map coverage is not available to keep the boat centered, the
boat icon will move toward the edge of the display.
• If the boat icon attempts to go off the display, the zoom level may need to be
adjusted to keep cartography on screen.
Whenever the R keypad is pressed, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder will enter cursor mode. In cursor mode:
A
B
• The cursor can be moved over the map display using the R keypad.
• Whenever the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the map will scroll
forward under the cursor. Keep in mind that the boat icon will move with the map
scrolling and may go off the display screen (you may not be able to see your present
position).
A. Position mode on inland water cartography.
B. Cursor mode on inland water cartography.
• When the cursor is stationary, a fixed coordinate position will appear in the position field. Note that the distance and bearing will change as the boat’s position
changes.
• Whenever you zoom in cursor mode, the cursor will be centered on screen.
• To return to position mode, press the Q key.
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Using the Cursor
SECTION
4
MAP PAGE
Using the Cursor
The cursor allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll
to other map areas around the world (even outside of your current G-chart coverage). As you pan past the edge of the current map display, the screen
will actively scroll forward to provide continuous map coverage.
To move the cursor:
1. Press the R keypad to move the cursor in an up, down, left or right direction.
As you move the cursor, the distance and bearing from your present position to
the cursor will be displayed in the data window, along with the cursor’s position
coordinates. Keep in mind that when the cursor is stationary, the distance and
bearing from your present position will change as your boat moves. The cursor
may also be used to ‘snap’ to on-screen waypoints and navaids, allowing you to
review a selected position directly from the map display.
To select an on-screen waypoint or navaid with the cursor:
A
B
A. To create a new waypoint at the cursor, move the
cursor to the desired position and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. The create new waypoint page will appear, where
you may change the waypoint name, symbol and
comment before saving the waypoint.
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or navaid (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in closer for a better view).
2. When a waypoint or navaid is selected, it will become highlighted on screen, with the
name and position displayed.
To eliminate the cursor and re-center your position on-screen:
1. Press the Q key.
The cursor may also be used to create new waypoints directly from the map.
To create a waypoint with the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position.
2. Press T.
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3. Press T to confirm the new waypoint using the default three-digit name.
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Page 39
Selecting Map Scales
The map display has 16 available range scales from 1/8th to 4096 n.m. (1/4 to
7500km). The map scale is controlled by the Z keys, with the current scale displayed at the bottom of the data window.
MAP PAGE
Selecting Map Scales
SECTION
4
To select a map scale:
1. Press the up Z key to zoom out and the down Z key to zoom in.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s system has a built-in worldwide database to 64
n.m.(see Appendix D for a built-in coverage map), with more detailed coverage
available through the use of G-chartTM data cartridges (see pages 80-81 for
installing and using G-chartTM cartridges). The GPSMAP 135 Sounder will display
cartography as long as there is chart information available for the range you’ve
selected. Map coverage will conform to the following conditions:
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal database or a
G-chart data cartridge, cartography will be displayed.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal database and
a G-chart cartridge, cartography will be displayed using the data with the best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by
up to two settings, overzoom cartography will be displayed. The display
will not show any filled landmass areas, and an ‘Ovr Zm’ warning will appear
in the scale field. The lat/lon grid will also be turned on regardless of the map
configuration setting.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by more
than two settings, all cartography will be replaced by a track plot display, and a ‘No
Map’ warning will appear in the scale field. The lat/lon grid will be displayed
regardless of the map configuration setting. Additional caution should be used
while navigating in track plot mode.
A
B
A. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by up to two settings, an ‘Ovr
Zm’ warning will appear in the scale field.
B. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by more than two settings, a ‘No
Map’ warning will appear in the scale field.
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Page 40
Map Page Options
SECTION
4
MAP PAGE
Map Page Options
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder map page is designed to be a flexible tool that can
be custom-tailored to your exact navigation needs. The map options page provides access to many of the features and functions that will help you configure the
map page to your own preferences.
To display the map page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Maximize/Normal Map?— allows you to select between a full-screen map display
or the default map display with data window.
• Map Outlines Off/On?— allows you to specify whether coverage outlines for
G-chart cartography are displayed or not. The default setting is on.
A
B
• Measure BRG/DIS?— allows you to measure the bearing and distance between
any two points on the map display.
A. The map options page provides access to all map
configuration, page display and data field
options.
To measure the BRG/DIS between two points:
B. The ‘Maximize Map?’ option will eliminate the
data fields and show full-screen cartography.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you want to measure from) and press T.
1. Highlight the ‘Measure BRG/DIS?’ option and press T. An on-screen pointer
will appear on the map display at your present position.
3. Move the cursor to the point that you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from the reference point will be displayed at the bottom left of the data window.
4. Press the Q key to finish.
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Page 41
• Configure the Map?— allows you to determine what chart features are displayed
on a particular map scale to prevent excessive clutter. The map configuration page
features an on/off grid with a list of chart features down the left side. The zoom
scales are displayed across the top of the grid with the chart scale currently in use
also indicated. The far-left scale setting represents all map scales 64 nm and above.
A check mark in a grid box indicates that the chart feature listed will be displayed
at the corresponding scale.
MAP PAGE
Map Configuration
SECTION
4
Individual grid boxes may be turned on and off through a popup scale window,
while entire rows may be controlled by using the map configuration options page
(accessible through the O key).
To use the map configuration grid:
1. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item and press T.
A popup window will appear with the current settings displayed.
2. Use the R keypad to highlight the scale you want to change.
3. Press T to change the on/off setting.
4. Press Q to finish.
A
B
To turn an entire row on or off:
1. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item.
2. Press the O key.
3. Select the ‘Enable Row?’ or ‘Disable Row?’ option and press T.
The map configuration page also allows you to set the moving map display to a
North Up, Track Up or Desired Track Up orientation.
A. The map configuration grid allows you to define
what items appear on the display at each map scale.
B. To turn an entire row on for the selected map item,
highlight the ‘Enable Row?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
To change the map orientation:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the’ Orientation’ field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
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Page 42
MAP PAGE
Map Configuration
& Map Colors
The map configuration options page also features a map calibration function that
allows you to calibrate the map display with your exact physical surroundings or
correct data from older charts. Before using the map calibration function, check to
make sure that your map datum selected on the GPS matches the datum on the
chart you are using (see page 76). To calibrate the map display, you must know
exactly where you are, and understand that the correction is generally valid only in
a limited range from the point of correction.
Map calibration should only be performed while the vessel is not moving, and
should never be used to attempt SA corrections, which can degrade accuracy up to
330’ (100 meters). The maximum correction is 16,400 feet (5000m).
To calibrate the map:
1. Select the ‘Calibrate the Map?’ option and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to move the arrow cursor from the satellite
position (indicated by the satellite icon) to your exact position. The bearing, distance and position will be indicated in the data window.
3. Press T to confirm the calibration offset.
A
B
A. To calibrate the map, highlight the ‘Calibrate the
Map?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. A satellite icon will remain on the map to indicate the GPS position, while the boat marker will
reflect the calibration changes.
42
CAUTION!
The map calibration function should never be
used to attempt corrections to Selective
Availability errors.
The next option available from the map configuration page is the set map colors
option, which allows you to define the fill color (grayscale) of the land and water
used on the map display. Three options are available: no color (no fills for land or
water), gray land/white water (the default setting), and white land/gray water.
To select a map colors option:
1. Select the ‘Set Map Colors?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the desired map color option and press T.
The map configuration options page also features a ‘restore defaults’ function that
can be used to quickly restore all map configuration options to the factory settings.
To restore the map configuration options to the factory defaults:
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ settings and press T.
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Page 43
• Setup Page Display?— allows you to specify the fields displayed in the data window section of the map page by selecting one of the following display options:
MAP PAGE
Page Display
& Data Fields
Note: The last two display options make it possible to display both the map page
and sounder page simultaneously as a split screen. The top half of the page will
show a reduced-size map page while the sounder page be displayed in the lower
half of the screen. The sounder page portion of the split screen is only for viewing
and cannot be accessed in this mode. To modify or access the sounder page display,
press Qor J until the actual sounder page appears, make any desired changes,
and then return to the split screen map page.
• 2 Fields
• 2 Fields & Compass
• 2 Fields & CDI
• 4 Fields
• 4 Fields & Compass
• 4 Fields & CDI
• 6 Fields
• 6 Fields & Compass
• 6 Fields & CDI
• 8 Fields
• 2 Fields & Sounder
• 4 Fields & Sounder
To select a page display option:
A
SECTION
4
B
A. The map page can be configured to display a variety of navigation data.
B. Each data field can be set to display one of 13 data
options.
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired option and press T.
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MAP PAGE
Options
Page 44
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to specify the data displayed in each data field
used on the map display. The following options are available:
• BRG- bearing to active wpt
• SOG- speed over ground
• ETE- estimated time enroute
• XTK- crosstrack error
• TRN- turn angle to wpt
• DPT- depth
• STW- speed through water
• DIS- distance to active wpt
• COG- course over ground
• ETA- estimated time of arrival
• VMG- velocity made good
• WPT- active wpt name
• TMP- temperature
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the desired field and press T.
3. Select a data field option and press T.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all map page options (except map configuration
options, see pages 41-42) to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth,
and position values.
44
See the Getting Started Tour for more on the simulator mode.
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Page 45
GPSMAP 135 Sounder Navigation Page
Compass
Tape
NAVIGATION PAGE
Data
Fields
Overview
SECTION
5
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
CDI
Scale
Whenever a GOTO, MOB, TracBack or route has been activated, the GPSMAP
135 Sounder will provide digital and graphic steering guidance to the destination
with the navigation page. The top half of the nav page features four user-selectable
data fields that display the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to waypoint, along
with your current course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG). In addition, there
is a moving compass tape to indicate the direction you’re heading. Two additional
data fields at the bottom of the page show the estimated time enroute (ETE) and
velocity made good (VMG) to your destination.
The middle section of the screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a
graphic highway display. The line down the center of the highway represents
your desired track, while a graphic indication of the distance and direction you are
off course is shown on a scale at the bottom right of the page (the selected scale
represents the distance from side to side). The arrow pointer below the highway
always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you are moving.
The navigation page can be configured to show the
active waypoint, all route waypoints and/or nearby
waypoints on the graphic highway.
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NAVIGATION PAGE
Highway Scale &
Nav Page Options
B
A. To change the highway scale perspective, press the
ZOOM keys.
B. The navigation options page lets you set up the navigation page to your own preferences.
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective will move to
indicate your progress to the waypoint and which direction you should steer to
stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the navigation page will show each
route waypoint in sequence, with the active leg indicated by the white portion of
the highway. Nearby waypoints not in the active route will also be displayed. The
highway perspective scale may also be zoomed in or out to display a larger or
smaller view of the highway. Five settings are available from 1/4 to 4 nm, with a
default setting of 1/4 nm.
To change the highway perspective scale:
1. Press the up or down arrow of the Z key to select the desired setting.
Navigation Page Options
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s navigation options page allows you to define the
nav data fields and select what waypoints are displayed on screen.
To display the navigation page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
46
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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The following options are available for the navigation page:
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to define the data displayed in any of the six
user-selectable data fields. Thirteen data options are available:
• BRG
• SOG
• ETE
• XTK
• CTS
• DIS
• COG
• ETA
• VMG
NAVIGATION PAGE
Options
• DPT
• STW
• TMP
• TRN
SECTION
5
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the field you want to change and press T.
3. Select the desired data field option and press T.
• Configure Highway?— allows you to select what waypoints are shown on the
highway display. Four options are available:
• Nav & Nearest Waypoints— all route and nearest waypoints displayed
• Nav Waypoints— only waypoints in the active route will be displayed
• Active Waypoint— only the active waypoint will be displayed
• No Waypoints— no waypoints will be displayed
To configure the highway display:
1. Highlight the ‘Configure Highway?’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired option and press T.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all navigation page options to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth,
and position values . See pages 4-19 for more details on using simulator mode.
• Auto COG?— allows you to reset automatic steering while simulating navigation
and cancel any course adjustments made with the R keypad.
A
B
A. Thirteen data options are available for each data
field on the navigation page. The digital
crosstrack error option is especially useful to display the exact distance you are off course in
feet/miles or meters.
B. To select what waypoints appear on the graphic
highway, highlight the desired setting and press
EDIT/ENTER.
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Main Menu Page
MAIN MENU PAGE
Overview
B
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s main menu page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation and interface management and setup menus. The main
menu page is available from any page in the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s system, and is
accessed through the O key.
To access the main menu page:
1. Press O twice.
A. The waypoint category options on the main menu
page are described in the Waypoints section on
pages 55-59.
B. The routes category options are described on pages
62-69.
48
The 11 submenus are divided into categories by function.
To select a submenu from the main menu page:
1. Highlight the submenu you want to view and press T.
For specific instructions on using a submenu, see the waypoints, route or setup
sections of this manual.
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Creating and Using Waypoints
WAYPOINTS
The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder stores up to 250 alphanumeric waypoints
with a user-defined icon and comment available for each waypoint. Waypoints can
be created using three basic methods:
Creating Waypoints &
MARK Key
SECTION
7
• M key– used primarily for marking your present position, the M key
also provides options that allow you to select a map or navaid position from
the map display.
• Graphically– allows you to define a new waypoint position from the map
or sounder display using the cursor.
• Text Entry– allows you to enter a new waypoint’s position coordinates
manually (from a chart, etc.) or by referencing it’s bearing and distance from
a stored waypoint or your present position.
Mark Key
The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s M key lets you quickly capture your
present position— or cursor or navaid position— in order to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid position fix to mark your present position.
To mark your present position:
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit name
for the new waypoint.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the depth at the
waypoint’s position), press T to confirm the ‘Done?’ prompt.
3. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
4. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
A
B
A. The mark key is used primarily to mark your
present position, but it can also be used to mark
the cursor or a navaid position from the map
page.
B. The mark position page also allows you to add
the new waypoint to the end of any route. If
you’re heading out without a planned route, you
can create a series of waypoints along the way
with the mark key and save them to an open
storage route. When you’re ready to head back,
simply invert the route to get back (see page 66).
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WAYPOINTS
Using the MARK Key
The mark key may also be used on the map page to mark the cursor position or
an on-screen navaid. To mark a navaid, select the desired navaid with the cursor.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder will use the navaid text shown on the cartography as
the default comment.
A
B
A. To create a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, move
the cursor over the desired navaid.
To mark the cursor or navaid position with the M key:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired position or navaid.
2. Press the M key.
3. Highlight the ‘Use Map Posn?’ or the ‘Use NAVAID Posn?’ option and press T.
B. Press the MARK key and select the ‘Use Navaid
Posn?’ option. Press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
4. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the depth at that
position), press T.
5. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
6. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
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Creating Waypoints Graphically
Waypoints may also be quickly created from the map display, which allows you
to ‘point and shoot’ at any map position to create a new waypoint.
To create a new waypoint graphically:
WAYPOINTS
SECTION
Creating Waypoints
Geographically & By
Text
7
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position. If you want to create
the new waypoint at an on-screen navaid, highlight the navaid on the map display.
2. Press T.
3. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment, press T. If you
are creating a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the default symbol and comment will
automatically reflect the selected navaid’s name and symbol.
4. To change the name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press T.
5. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
Creating Waypoints By Text Entry
Waypoints may also be created by manually entering a position’s coordinates or
referencing a stored waypoint through the ‘Create Waypoint’ submenu option on
the main menu page.
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates:
1. Press O twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Create Waypoint’ option and press T. The waypoint definition page will
appear, with the next available waypoint number and the receiver’s last known position
as the default name and position.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new waypoint name, icon, position, and comment. Press
T after the last character in each section.
4. When you have finished entering all your waypoint data, use the R keypad to highlight
the ‘Done’ prompt and press T.
A
B
A. Once a position has been selected graphically, the
create new waypoint page will appear. Here you
can change the waypoint name, symbol or comment before saving the waypoint.
B. To create a waypoint by text entry, start by
entering the new waypoint’s name.
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Reference Waypoints
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7
WAYPOINTS
Creating a Waypoint by
Reference
A new waypoint may also be created without knowing position coordinates by
entering its range and bearing from an existing waypoint or your present position.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder will then calculate the position coordinates for you,
using the reference selected.
To create a new waypoint using a reference waypoint:
A
1. Select the ‘Create Waypoint’ option from the main menu page and press T.
B
A. Enter the bearing from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘BRG’ field.
B. Enter the distance from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘DIS’ field.
2. Enter the name, icon, and comment, for the new waypoint.
3. Highlight the reference waypoint field and press T.
4. Enter the name of the reference waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display. Leave the reference
field blank to use your present position.
5. Press T to begin entry of the bearing from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the bearing and press T.
6. Press T to begin entry of the distance from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the distance and press T. The position for the new waypoint will
automatically be calculated.
7. Highlight the ‘Done’ prompt and press T to finish.
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Reviewing & Editing Waypoints
WAYPOINTS
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be modified, reviewed,
renamed or deleted at any time through the waypoint definition page. The waypoint definition page is available for any stored waypoint by highlighting the
desired waypoint from the map display or selecting it from waypoint or nearest
waypoint lists and pressing the T key once. The waypoint definition page can
also be accessed from the proximity waypoint page by highlighting the desired
waypoint and pressing T twice.
Reviewing & Editing
Waypoints
SECTION
7
To access the waypoint definition page:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the desired waypoint on the map display (or any
waypoint list).
2. Press T to display the waypoint definition page.
From the waypoint definition page, you may change the waypoint symbol,
position coordinates, waypoint comment, or depth for the selected waypoint.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field and press T.
A
B
2. Use the R keypad to select the desired symbol and press T to confirm.
To change the position coordinates:
1. Highlight the coordinates field and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to edit the coordinates and press T to confirm.
To change the waypoint comment:
1. Highlight the comment field and press T.
2. Use the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter a comment (up to 16 characters).
4. Press T to confirm.
A. The waypoint definition page will appear whenever a waypoint is selected from the map or a
waypoint list.
B. A 20-character custom comment may be assigned
to every waypoint. The default comment is the
depth at the waypoint’s position for waypoints
marked with the MARK button and underwater
waypoints. For all other waypoints (those created
with the ENTER button), the current date will be
the default comment.
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Waypoint Definition Page Options
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7
WAYPOINTS
Waypoint Definition
Page Options
The waypoint definition page also features an options page that allows you to
edit the selected waypoint on the map display, rename the selected waypoint or
delete the waypoint from memory.
To display the waypoint definition page options:
1. Press the O key.
To review/edit the selected waypoint from the map display:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option and press T.
2. The selected waypoint will appear on the map display, with the waypoint name and
coordinates shown at the top of the map, along with the distance and bearing to the
waypoint from your present position.
3. To move the selected waypoint’s position, press T. A ‘MOVE’ label will now appear
under the cursor arrow.
A
B
A. To review or edit a waypoint on the map display,
select the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option.
B. To move the selected waypoint, press
EDIT/ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to select the
new position, and press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
4. Use the R keypad to move the cursor arrow to the desired position. The cursor’s coordinates, along with the distance and bearing from the waypoint’s position, will be displayed at the top of the map display.
5. Press T to set the waypoint’s new position, and Q to return to the waypoint definition page.
To rename the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Rename Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the new waypoint name and press T.
3. Press T to confirm the ‘Yes’ prompt.
To delete the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Press T to confirm.
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Waypoint Submenus
WAYPOINTS
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s main menu page features four waypoint submenus
that let you manage a large number of waypoints quickly and efficiently. The submenus also provide a continuously updated nearest waypoints list and a proximity
waypoint alarm function that can be used to define an alarm circle around submerged hazards, shallow waters, etc.
Waypoint Submenus &
Nearest Waypoints
SECTION
7
To access the main menu page/waypoint submenus:
1. Press O twice.
The first waypoint submenu is the nearest waypoints list, which shows the
nine nearest waypoints that are within 100 miles of your present position. The
nearest waypoints are continuously updated to your present position, and provide
quick access to the closest points of safety in emergency situations.
To scroll through and review the nearest waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in either direction.
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
4. To return to the waypoint list, highlight the ‘Done?’ prompt and press T.
5. The field highlight will automatically scroll to the next waypoint. If you want to review
each waypoint, you can scroll through any waypoint list by pressing the T key
repeatedly.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
A
B
A. The main menu page features four waypoint
submenus.
B. The nearest waypoint list continuously updates to
show the nine nearest waypoints to your present
position.
1. Use the R key to select the desired GOTO waypoint.
2. Press G, followed by T.
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Proximity Waypoints
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7
WAYPOINTS
Proximity Waypoints
The proximity waypoints list lets you define an alarm circle around a stored
waypoint position, and can be used to help you avoid reefs, rocks or restricted
waters. Up to nine waypoints may be listed, with a maximum alarm radius of
99.99 nautical or statute miles or kilometers. If a proximity alarm circle overlaps
with an existing alarm circle, a ‘Proximity Overlap’ message will appear each time
the unit is turned on. If you enter an alarm circle overlap, you will only be alerted
to the closest proximity waypoint.
To enter a proximity waypoint:
1. Highlight the Proximity Waypoint option and press T.
2. Use the R key to highlight the first blank waypoint field and press T.
3. Enter the name of the proximity waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest waypoint list, waypoint list, or map display.
4. Press T to confirm. The distance field will now be highlighted.
5. Press T to begin entry of the proximity radius.
A
B
6. Use the R keypad to enter a distance value (to 99.99 units) and press T.
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
A. Whenever you enter a proximity waypoint’s alarm
circle, a ‘PRX’ indicator will appear in the status
bar (the alarms option must be set to the ‘On’
position). Once you’ve left the alarm circle, the
proximity indicator will automatically reset.
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the alarms on/off field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
To remove a proximity waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be removed.
B. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear
All?’ option from the proximity options page. Finish
the deletion by confirming the ‘Yes’ prompt.
2. Press O.
3. Highlight the ‘Clear Alarm?’ field and press T.
4. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear All’ option and press T.
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Create Waypoint
WAYPOINTS
The third waypoint submenu available from the main menu page is the ‘Create
Waypoint’ submenu, which allows you to create a new waypoint by manually
entering coordinates. Instructions for using the create waypoint submenu are provided on page 36.
Creating Waypoints/
Waypoint List
SECTION
7
Waypoint List
The last waypoint category available from the main menu is the waypoints list,
which displays a master list of all waypoints currently stored in memory. From the
waypoints list, you may review, edit, rename or delete individual waypoints; or
delete all user waypoints. The total number of stored and available waypoints is
displayed at the top of the waypoints page, with the stored waypoints arranged in
numerical/alphabetical order and listed in two columns in the center of the page.
To scroll through and review the waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Waypoints’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in the desired direction.
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
4. Press T to return to the list.
To delete an individual waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press O.
2. Press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the deletion warning.
To delete all TracBack waypoints or the entire waypoint list:
1. Press the O key to select the options window.
A
B
A. The waypoints list displays all waypoints stored
in memory in a two-column format. Temporary
waypoints created by the TracBack feature are
assigned a ‘TXXX’ name and a footprint symbol.
B. The waypoints list options page lets you delete
individual waypoints, delete TracBack waypoints
or the entire waypoint list.
2. Highlight the ‘Delete TracBack’ or ‘Delete All User Wpts?’ option and press T.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘YES’ prompt and press T to confirm.
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Going to a Destination
SECTION
8
GOTO/MOB
Selecting a GOTO
Destination
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder provides four ways to navigate to a destination:
GOTO, MOB, TracBack and route navigation. The easiest method for selecting a destination is the GOTO function, which lets you select a destination waypoint and quickly sets a direct course from your present position. The G key
can be used in three ways: from a list of waypoints, graphically from the map display and from a list of GOTO options. Pressing the G key once shows a list of
all waypoints in memory, from which you can select a single destination waypoint.
To activate a GOTO from the waypoint list:
1. Press the G key.
2. Select a waypoint and press T.
Selecting a GOTO Graphically
A
B
A. Press GOTO once to select a destination from a list
of waypoints.
Pressing the G key twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint, navaid or cursor position as a destination. A graphical GOTO may be used
to select one of three options from the map display: an existing waypoint, an onscreen navaid, or a cursor position. If you are selecting a navaid or a new position
as the GOTO destination, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder will automatically create or
move the waypoint named ‘MAP’ at the navaid or map position.
To activate a GOTO from the map display:
1. Press the G key twice.
58
B. Press GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
with the map cursor. If you are not selecting an
existing waypoint as your destination, a new waypoint named ‘MAP’ will be created. Keep in mind
that the MAP waypoint will be overwritten for each
MAP GOTO. This allows you to navigate to onscreen navaids without permanently storing the
navaid as a waypoint. If you want to save the MAP
waypoint, rename it following the steps on page 39.
2. To select an existing user waypoint, highlight the waypoint on screen and press T.
3. To select a navaid, highlight the navaid on screen and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear, displaying the navaid position as a ‘MAP’ waypoint, with the
navaid symbol and text as the default icon and waypoint comment. Press T to save
the waypoint and begin navigation.
4. To select a cursor position as your destination, move the arrow cursor to the desired
position and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear and display the position as the ‘MAP’ waypoint. Press T to save the waypoint and begin navigation.
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GOTO Key Options
The GOTO options page provides a list of additional GOTO options that let
you start a TracBack route, select a destination waypoint from the nearest waypoints list, select a route to navigate, or cancel the current GOTO destination.
GOTO/MOB
GOTO Options
To display the GOTO options:
SECTION
8
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Start TracBack?— allows you to create and start navigation of a TracBack route
back to the oldest track log point in memory (see pages 60-61 for more on using
the TracBack function).
• Show All Wpts?— displays the GOTO waypoint list.
• Show Nearest Waypoints?— allows you to select the GOTO destination from a
list of the nine nearest waypoints to your present position.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
1. Highlight the ‘Show Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired waypoint and press T.
• Select Route?— allows you to quickly select a stored route for navigation.
To select a route to navigate:
1. Highlight the ‘Select Route’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired route and press T.
• Cancel GOTO?— cancels the current GOTO destination and resumes navigation
of any previously selected route.
A
B
A. The GOTO options page lets you start a
TracBack route, select a destination from the
nearest list, select a route to activate, or cancel
the current GOTO destination.
B. The nearest waypoints list limits the list to provide quick access to nearby anchorages, facilities,
etc. which are stored as waypoints.
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MOB
SECTION
8
GOTO/MOB
MOB & TracBack
Navigation
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s man overboard function (MOB) lets you simultaneously mark and set a course to a position for quick response to emergency situations.
To activate the MOB function:
1. Press the B key.
2. Press the T key to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB position.
Once a MOB has been activated, a MOB icon will appear on the map display,
and the destination field on the map page will display the bearing, distance, and
ETE to the MOB position based on your present speed and course.
To stop navigation to the MOB position:
1. Press the G key, followed by O, to display the GOTO options page.
2. Select the ‘Cancel GOTO’ option and press T.
TracBack Navigation
A
B
A. The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s MOB mode can be
used to set a course to a passing spot for quick
response to emergency situations, fish strikes, etc.
B. To define a starting point for a TracBack route,
clear the track log.
The third method of navigating to a destination is by using the GPSMAP 135
Sounder’s TracBack feature. The TracBack function allows you to retrace your
path using the track log automatically stored in the receiver’s memory, which will
eliminate the need to store waypoints along the way. TracBack routes are created
by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30 waypoints and activating an
inverted route along those points. Once activated, a TracBack route will lead you
back to the oldest stored track log point, so it’s good idea to clear the existing
track log at the start of your current trip (e.g., your dock) before you get started.
To clear the track log and define a starting point for a TracBack route:
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Track’ option and press T.
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3. Select the ‘Delete Track?’ option and press T.
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Tracback Navigation (continued)
4. Highlight the ‘Yes’ field and press T.
GOTO/MOB
To activate a TracBack route:
TracBack Navigation
1. Press the G key, followed by the O key.
SECTION
8
2. Highlight the ‘Start TracBack?’ option and press T.
Once a TracBack has been activated, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder will take the
track log currently stored in memory and divide it into segments called ‘legs’. Up
to 30 temporary waypoints (e.g. T001) will be created to mark the most significant
features of the track log in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as possible. To get the most out of the TracBack feature, remember the following tips:
• Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go back to (dock, etc.).
• The ‘RECORD’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’.
• There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack route.
• If there are not enough available waypoints in memory to create a TracBack route, you
will be alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message, and the receiver will use available
waypoints to create a route with an emphasis on the track log closest to the destination.
• If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not follow your exact
path (keep the interval set to ‘resolution’ for best performance).
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack will
draw a straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If your track log’s changes in distance and direction are too complex, 30 waypoints may
not mark your path accurately. The receiver then assigns the 30 waypoints to the most
significant points of your track, and simplifies segments with fewer changes in direction.
• Whenever a TracBack route is activated, the receiver will automatically erase any temporary waypoints (e.g., ‘T001’) that are not contained in routes 1-20. If there are temporary
waypoints stored in routes 1-20, the receiver will create any new temporary waypoints
using the first three digit number available.
A
B
A. The TracBack feature uses your track log to create a route back to where you started.
B. Once a TracBack is activated, the track log is
divided into segments using temporary waypoints, and an inverted route is activated back to
the oldest track log point in memory.
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Routes
SECTION
9
ROUTES
Creating a Route
Graphically
The last way to navigate to a destination is to create a user-defined route. The
GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder system lets you create and store up to 20
reversible routes (numbered 1-20), with up to 30 waypoints each. Routes can be
created and modified right from the map page, allowing you to see each route
graphically on-screen as you create, review, modify or navigate the route. All of the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s route functions are accessed through the main menu.
To create a route graphically:
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Routes’ field and press T. The routes page will appear, showing all the
routes currently stored in memory.
3. Press the O key to display the route options page.
4. Press T to select the ‘Create New Route’ option.
The route edit page will appear, with the cursor displayed as an arrow pointer,
and will allow you to select your route waypoints using one of two methods:
A
B
A. The route options page provides access to the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s route functions.
B. Use the arrow pointer and EDIT/ENTER to add
waypoints to the route. The create waypoint page
will appear whenever you have selected a position
that is not already stored as a waypoint.
5. To add an existing waypoint or navaid to the route, use the arrow pointer to highlight the
desired waypoint on screen and press T.
6. To add a new waypoint to the route, use the arrow pointer to select the desired map
position and press T. Press T again to confirm the new waypoint.
As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the
map display will show the route number you are creating, along with the first and
last route waypoints of the route. A route line will appear on the map to indicate
each completed leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the distance and
bearing to the arrow pointer from the last route waypoint.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until you have finished defining all route waypoints.
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8. Press Q to finish and enter review mode, or J to return to the main page
sequence.
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Once a route has been created graphically (and the Q key has been pressed to
finish), the map display will automatically enter the route review mode. The arrow
pointer will be replaced by the map cursor, located at the last route waypoint. The
route edit mode allows you to review and modify the route displayed through a
pop-up window menu for each waypoint. You may also use the cursor to select an
individual route leg and insert a new route waypoint.
ROUTES
Reviewing & Editing
Routes Graphically
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To edit a route waypoint:
1. Use the cursor to highlight the desired route waypoint and press T.
A pop-up menu of editing choices will appear, with options for reviewing,
removing, moving or inserting a route waypoint.
To review a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
To remove a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
To move a route waypoint:
A
B
1. Highlight the ‘Move?’ option and press T.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press T.
To insert new route waypoint(s) at the beginning or end of the route:
1. Select the first (to add waypoints to the beginning of the route) or last (to add waypoints
to the end of the route) route waypoint with the map cursor, and press T.
A. To move a route waypoint, select the ‘Move?’
option and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Move the arrow cursor to the new waypoint position and press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
2. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
3. Move the cursor to the new waypoint position and press T.
4. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to insert additional waypoints, or press Q to finish.
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ROUTES
Route Edit Mode
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s route edit mode also allows you to insert a new
route waypoint in any route leg using the map cursor.
To insert a new waypoint between two existing route waypoints:
1. Use the cursor to select the leg you want to insert the new waypoint in (the route line
will change to a dotted line when the leg is selected) and press T.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press T.
3. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
The route edit options page provides access to a variety of functions which can
be used to review, activate, invert or edit the route as text and adjust the map view
of the selected route.
To display the route edit options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
A
B
A. A new route waypoint may be inserted into any
route leg by pointing to the new waypoint or
position and pressing EDIT/ENTER.
B. The ‘Edit As Text?’ option allows you to review
and modify waypoints by text entry.
The following options are available:
• Edit As Text?— allows you to modify a route by text entry.
To edit a route by text entry:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit As Text?’ option and press T. The text edit page will appear,
showing a list of all route waypoints, with the desired track and distance of each
leg displayed.
2. Select the route waypoint you want to review or change and press T. A pop-up
menu with four route editing options will appear.
To review the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
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To insert a new waypoint before the selected route waypoint:
ROUTES
1. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display.
Editing Routes & Route
Edit Options
3. Press T to finish.
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To remove the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
To change the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Change?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display.
3. Press T to finish.
The route edit options page features five more functions. These functions may
be selected by highlighting the desired function and pressing T:
• Activate Route?— activates the route you are editing and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?— activates the route you are editing in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Center On Vessel?— redraws route edit map with your vessel in the center of the
display.
• Center On First Wpt?— redraws route edit map with the first route waypoint in
the center of the display.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route currently selected.
To exit the route edit mode and return to the route list page, press the Q key.
A
B
A. To remove a route waypoint, highlight the waypoint on the map, press EDIT/ENTER, and select
the remove option from the pop-up window.
B. The route edit options page lets you activate,
invert or deactivate the route you are editing. The
‘Center On Vessel’ and ‘Center On First Wpt’
options redraw the map to display the desired
option.
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Route List Page
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ROUTES
Route List Page
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s route list page numerically lists all the routes currently stored in memory, with the route number and comment displayed. Route
00 is always reserved for the TracBack route, while routes 1-20 serve as storage
routes (route 20 is stored as the GPSMAP tour route, which may be deleted at any
time). From the list, you may enter your own 16-character route comment and
select a specific route for activation, editing or other management functions.
To enter a custom route comment:
1. Highlight the desired route and press T.
2. Press the left arrow key of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new route comment and press T.
Once you have selected a route from the route page, additional functions for
that route are available from the route options page.
To display the route options:
A
B
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
A. The route list page displays each route stored in
memory, along with a 16-character user comment. The default comment is the name of the
first and last route waypoint.
B. The route list options page provides quick access
to many route functions, including activating and
deactivating a selected route.
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available from the route list page:
• Create New Route?— allows you to create a new route (see page 62).
• Activate Route?— activates the selected route and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?— activates the selected route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Edit On Map?— allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see pages 63-64
for specific instructions).
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• Edit As Text?— allows you to edit the selected route by text (see pages 64-65 for
specific instructions).
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Route List Page Options (cont.)
• Clear Route?— allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
ROUTES
To clear the selected route:
Route List Options
1. Highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press T.
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2. Press T to confirm the clear route warning.
• Copy Route?— allows you to copy the waypoints of a selected route to another
route. The route copy function can be used to copy a TracBack route (route 00) to
another route in order to either prevent losing the route the next time a TracBack
route is activated, or save a modified version of an existing route without losing the
original.
To copy a route:
1. Highlight the ‘Copy Route?’ option and press T. The selected route will appear
as the ‘copy from’ route, and the first open storage route will appear as the ‘copy
to’ route.
2. Press T to confirm. (If you’d like to change the route number that is being
copied or the open route which is being copied to, highlight the appropriate field
and press T; select the new route number and press T.
A
B
A. To delete all waypoints from a selected route,
highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. Once a route is cleared, all waypoints are
removed from the route. They are still stored in
memory, however.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route you are currently navigating.
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Active Route Page
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ROUTES
Active Route Page
Each waypoint on the active route page may be
reviewed, deleted or changed right from the active route
page. To edit an active route waypoint, highlight the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
Select the desired function from the pop-up menu and
press EDIT/ENTER.
Whenever you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 135 Sounder system, the
active route page will appear in the main page sequence. The active route page
shows each waypoint of the active route, with the waypoint name, desired track,
cumulative distance and ETE or ETA for each waypoint from your present position.
The current destination waypoint, the ‘active to’ waypoint, is marked with an arrow
icon. As you navigate a route, the waypoint list will automatically update to indicate
the next ‘active to’ waypoint first.
From the active route page, you can:
• Change the route comment- see page 66 for instructions.
• Edit the route as text- see pages 64-65 for instructions.
Additional functions for the active route are available from the active route
options page.
To display the active route options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
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1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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Active Route Page Options
ROUTES
Active Route Page
Options
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The following options are available from the active route page:
• Invert Route?— activates the active route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Activate Route?— reactivates the active route and selects the route leg closest to
your current position as the new active leg.
• Edit On Map?— allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see pages 63-64
for specific instructions).
• Clear Route?— allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
• Copy Route?— allows you to copy the waypoints of the active route to another
route.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to define the data displayed in the distance
and ETE fields. four data options are available:
• DIS– distance to active wpt • DTK– desired track
• ETE– estimated time enroute • ETA– estimated time of arrival
• Restore Defaults?— resets all active route page options to the factory settings.
The ‘Change Data Fields?’ option lets you specify
what information is displayed for each route waypoint. Four data options are available: distance,
desired track, and ETA or ETE to each route waypoint.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route you are currently navigating.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using the simulator
mode.
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Track Log Submenu
SETUP MENUS
Track Log Setup
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s main menu page’s track submenu lets you specify whether or not to record a track plot (an electronic recording of your path) and
define how it is recorded. It also provides an indicator of the track memory used
and selects functions to clear the track memory and start a TracBack route. The following functions are available:
• Record Mode— lets you select one of three track recording options:
• Off– No track log will be recorded. Note that selecting the ‘Off’ setting will prevent
you from using the TracBack feature.
• Fill– a track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
• Wrap– A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through the available
memory (replacing the oldest track data with new data).
• Interval— defines the frequency with which the track plot is recorded. Three interval settings are available:
• Time– records track plot based on a user-defined time interval.
A
B
A. The ‘Wrap’ option will continuously record a track
log, and replace the oldest track log point with new
data. The ‘Fill’ option will record a track log until
the memory is full.
B. The track submenu’s default settings may be quickly restored from the track options page.
• Resolution– records track plot based upon a user-defined variance from your course
over ground. The resolution option is the default setting and is recommended for
the most efficient use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value
(entered in the interval field) is the maximum error allowed from the true course
before recording a track point.
• Distance– records track based on a user-defined distance between points.
• Interval Value— defines the distance or time used to record the track log.
• Delete Track?— allows you to clear the track log currently stored in memory.
• Start TracBack?— converts the current track log into an inverted route and begins
route navigation along the track log.
To reset all track options to the default settings:
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1. Press O, followed by T.
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Trip and Fuel Planning
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s trip and fuel planning submenu lets you plan
and review distance, fuel, and ETE/ETA information between any two waypoints;
your present position and a stored waypoint; or any part of a stored route. Sunrise
and sunset information is also provided. Two planning modes are available: pointto-point and route planning.
SETUP MENUS
Trip & Fuel Planning
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To use the point-to-point planning mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Point-To-Point’, press the O key and select it from the
options page.
3. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the starting waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. Press T to confirm the waypoint.
4. Move the field highlight to the second waypoint field and follow the steps above to
select the destination waypoint.
5. Enter a speed for your trip in the speed field, or press O to select your current SOG
for the speed value.
6. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
7. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
The bottom of the page will now display the desired track and distance between
the two points; the estimated time enroute and fuel required; the date and time of
your arrival; and the sunrise and sunset times at the destination for the date of
arrival.
The route planning mode lets you calculate the same planning information for
any route stored in memory, in leg or cumulative leg or route totals.
A
B
A. To perform point-to-point planning, enter a ‘TO’
and ‘FROM’ waypoint, or leave the field blank if
you want to use your present position.
B. Enter a date and time for your departure. The
sunrise/sunset and ETA at the ‘TO’ waypoint will
be displayed at the bottom of the page.
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To use the route planning mode:
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SETUP MENUS
Route & Trip Planning
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Route’, press O and select it from the options page.
3. Highlight the route number field and press T.
4. Use the R keypad to select the route you want to plan and press T.
5. Highlight the leg field and press T.
6. To plan the cumulative totals for the all route legs, select the ‘ALL’ option—or use the
R keypad to select a specific route leg to plan. Press T to confirm.
7. Enter a speed for your trip, or press O to select your current SOG for the speed value.
8. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
9. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
A
B
A. To plan cumulative totals for an entire route, select
the ‘All’ option from the leg field.
B. To plan cumulative totals through a particular leg,
select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option from the
Trip and Fuel Planning options page. Then enter
the last leg you want to plan in the leg field.
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The bottom of the page will now display the planning information for the route
leg selected or the cumulative values for the entire route. The route planning
mode will also let you plan cumulative totals for multiple route legs by using the
‘Hold First Waypoint?’ selection from the options window.
To plan multiple route legs:
1. Follow steps 1 through 6 above to select the last route leg you want to plan. For example,
select leg 03 if you want to plan cumulative totals for the first three legs of the route
(without including the rest of the route).
2. Enter the speed, fuel and date/time values as described in steps 7-9 above.
3. Press the O key to display the options page.
4. Select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option and press T. The cumulative totals from the
first route waypoint to the end of the selective leg will appear at the bottom of the page.
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The fuel and trip planning submenu also allows you to calculate the sunrise and
sunset times for your present position or any waypoint for a selected date.
SETUP MENUS
To use the sunrise/sunset planner:
Sunrise/Sunset Planning
System Setup
1. Highlight ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
2. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the desired waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. To calculate the
sunrise/sunset for your present position, leave both waypoint fields blank.
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3. Press T to confirm.
4. Highlight the date field and press T.
5. Enter the date you want sunrise/sunset information for (the current date and year will be
used as the default setting) and press T. The sunrise and sunset times for the arrival
date will be displayed at the bottom right of the planning page.
Setup Submenus
The last four options available from the main menu page provide access to the
various system, navigation, alarm and interface settings of the GPSMAP 135
Sounder. The system setup submenu is used to select the operating mode, date
and time formats, tone preferences, backlight timeout and display contrast.
• Operational Mode lets you select between normal, simulator, sounder only, or
GPS only mode. In normal mode both GPS and sounder functions operate at the
same time. In simulator mode, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s system only pretends to
track satellites to allow you to learn how the unit works. Simulator mode should
not be used for actual navigation. Waypoints and routes created in simulator mode
are saved in memory and are available for use in normal mode. The sounder only and
GPS only modes allow you to determine what type of information the GPSMAP 135
Sounder will give you. GPS only mode is useful when using the unit for land navigation
while enroute to the water. Sounder only mode is an option if you do not want GPS
information (such as position, speed, heading, and map functions) while on the water.
A
B
A. The system setup submenu provides access to the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s time formats and contrast/backlight controls.
B. When entering a time offset, be sure to select a
positive or negative indicator to the left of the offset value.
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SETUP MENUS
System Setup & System
Setup Options
• Time Offset provides a data entry field to enter the time difference between UTC
time and the local time. (See Appendix F for a list of time offsets.) When entering a
time offset, be sure to select a positive or negative offset. Note that entering an offset will not automatically display local time. The local setting from the Date/Time
Selection submenu must be selected.
• Local/UTC lets you choose to display the date and time in UTC (Greenwich Mean
Time) time or local time offset from UTC time. The default setting is local with a ‘0’
offset. (If you are boating in the United States, be sure to enter a negative time indicator in front of the appropriate time offset for your location).
• Tone Selection lets you select an audible tone to sound for either messages and
keystroke confirmation (the default setting), messages only, or not to sound at all.
Note: Setting the tone selection for no sound will prevent an audible tone for all
alarms, including shallow water and proximity waypoints.
• Display Contrast provides a slide bar to adjust the LCD screen contrast in order
to compensate for changes in temperature or lighting conditions.
B
A. The ‘None’ tone setting will prevent an audible
tone from sounding for any key presses, messages,
or alarms. Regardless of the tone setting,
‘MESSAGE -PRESS PAGE’ will continue to be
flashed on the status bar for any system messages
or alarms.
B. Keeping the backlight timeout at the lowest
acceptable setting will prolong the useful life of the
backlight.
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• Backlight Timeout provides an automatic shutoff for the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s
screen backlighting. Six settings are available: No Timeout (the backlight will stay
on until it is turned off), 15 seconds (default setting); 30 seconds; and 1, 2, or 4
minutes. Keeping the timeout at the lowest acceptable setting will prolong the life
of the backlight.
The system setup page also features an options page that allows you to quickly
reset all the system setup options to the factory default settings and define speed,
course and position values while in simulator mode (see Getting Started Tour).
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To view the system setup page options:
1. Press the O key.
SETUP MENUS
To restore the default settings:
Navigation Setup
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ option, and press T.
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Navigation Setup
The navigation setup submenu is used to select a variety of navigation information including: position format, units of measure, and heading preferences. This
submenu is also used to select map datums, set the CDI scale and adjust the builtin velocity filter. The following options are available:
• Position Format lets you select the coordinate system used to display
position. The following formats are available:
• hddd.dddddº (degrees)
• hdddºmm.mmm’ (degrees and minutes)
• hdddºmm’ss.s” (deg/min/sec)
• British grid
• German grid
• Irish grid
• Maidenhead
• Swedish grid
• Swiss grid
• Taiwan grid
• UTM/UPS grid
• Navigation Units selects the format for speed and distance measurements. You
may select from nautical, statute or metric formats. (The default setting is nautical.)
• Depth Units selects the format for depth contour display on G-chart offshore chart
cartridges and the sounder display. Depth contours and sounder depth units can be
displayed in feet, meters or fathoms. (The default setting is feet.)
• Heading lets you select what reference is used in calculating heading information.
You can select to reference automatic magnetic variation, true north, grid heading
or user magnetic variation. (The default setting is automatic.)
A
B
A. The GPSMAP 135 Sounder will also display position coordinates in eight grid formats.
B. To enter a user magnetic variation, select the
‘User Mag Var’ option and enter a direction and
value in the variation field.
To enter a user magnetic variation:
1. Highlight the ‘Heading’ field and press T. Select the ‘User Mag Var’
option and press T.
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SETUP MENUS
Navigation Setup
B
A. CAUTION! Using the incorrect map datum can
seriously effect the accuracy of your GPS receiver.
The GPS datum should always match the datum of
the local chart you are using. If no datum information is indicated on the charts you are using, contact
the chart manufacturer.
B. Keeping the velocity filter on the ‘Auto’ setting will
allow the GPSMAP 135 Sounder to automatically
monitor and adjust the response time for track and
speed calculations.
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2. Press T to access the variation field, and use the R keypad to
enter the desired variation. Press T to confirm.
• CDI Scale provides a list of six CDI scale settings for the map page CDI: +/-0.10,
0.50, 1.0 (default). 5.0, 10.0 and 25.0 miles or kilometers. The scale represents the
distance from the center of the scale to either end of the scale.
• CDI Steer To allows you select a steer-to-center or steer-to-D-Bar orientation for
graphic steering guidance. The steer-to-center selection displays your position as
the vertical line on the scale, and your desired track as the center of the scale. The
steer to D-Bar option displays your position as the center of the scale, with the
desired track as the vertical line. The default setting is steer to center.
• Map Datum provides a list of the available map datums for use with the GPSMAP
135 Sounder system. For a list of the available map datums, see Appendix D. The
default setting is WGS 84.
• Velocity Filter allows you to select the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s response time to
changes in track or ground speed. Three settings are available: automatic, on, or
off. The ‘auto’ (default) setting will monitor the changes in your current track and
speed and adjust the receiver’s response time automatically. The ‘on’ setting allows
you to manually enter a response time up to 240 seconds. Selecting a higher setting
may be desirable in slow-speed applications with frequent changes in track.
To enter a user defined velocity filter value:
1. Highlight the ‘Velocity’ field and press T. Select the ‘On’ option and
press T.
2. Highlight the time value field.
3. Press T.
4. Enter a value in seconds (up to 240) and press T to confirm.
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Timers & Alarms Setup
The timer & alarms submenu is used to control various alarm/timer settings.
SETUP MENUS
• Timer sounds an alarm when an entered interval (up to 99:59:59) has expired, or
provides a continuous running clock timer to 99:59:59.
Timers & Alarms
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To use the countdown timer:
1. Select the ‘Count Down’ menu option.
2. Enter the desired time interval in the interval field, and press T.
3. Once the count down time has expired, an alarm message will appear, and the
timer will automatically switch to the count up mode.
4. To reset the timer, select the reset option and press T.
• Clock Alarm provides an alarm for the system clock. To use the clock alarm, select
the ‘On’ option and enter the desired time of day in the time field.
• Arrival Alarm lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’re a specified distance
away from a destination waypoint. Three options are available:
• Off- No arrival alarm will sound.
• Auto- An arrival alarm will sound one minute before the destination, based
upon your current speed and course over ground.
• On- An arrival alarm will sound at the alarm distance specified in the distance
field for the destination waypoint (the ‘On’ setting will only provide an arrival
alarm for the final destination waypoint of the active route).
• Crosstrack Alarm provides an alarm for crosstrack error (XTK) when your vessel
is off course by more than a specified distance, up to 99.99 (units).
• Anchor Drag Alarm lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’ve exceeded a
specified drift distance, up to 9999 (units). Whenever the anchor alarm is triggered,
an anchor icon will appear in the status bar.
A
B
A. The timer field can be set to count down from a
specified interval or provide a running count of
elapsed time.
B. The sounder alarms can be set to warn you of
deep or shallow water and sounder targets of
various sizes.
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SETUP MENUS
Input/Output Setup
• Sounder Alarms allows you to set shallow and deep depth alarms and an alarm
for specific sized fish/targets. Three options are available:
• Shallow On/Off- Sounds if depth equals or is less than the selected value.
• Deep On/Off- Sounds if depth equals or is more than the selected value.
• Fish On/Off- Select from All Targets, Medium-Large Targets, or Large Targets.
Input/Output Submenu
The Input/Output submenu lets you control interface settings for connecting
external NMEA devices, a DGPS receiver or a personal computer. The
‘Input/Output Format’ field, at the top of the page, lets you specify one of seven
interface formats:
Data Transfer is a proprietary interface that allows you to exchange data such as waypoints, routes and track logs between GPSMAP units or a GARMIN PC kit.
No In/NMEA Out provides navigation information to a compatible NMEA device such
as an autopilot or radar. NMEA 0180, 0182, 0183 v.1.5 and 0183 v.2.0 output options
are available. See Appendix A for additional NMEA sentence information.
A
B
A. The data transfer options allow you to send or
receive almanac data, proximity waypoints,
routes, track log data and waypoints to another
GARMIN GPS or PC Kit.
B. The NMEA In setting allows you to accept
NMEA data from a Yeoman plotter or other
compatible device.
78
No In/No Out provides no interfacing capabilities.
RTCM In/NMEA Out allows DGPS beacon receiver input and also provides selectable
NMEA output.
RTCM In/No Out allows DGPS beacon receiver input, with no output capabilities.
NMEA In/No Out allows input from a NMEA compatible external device, such as a
Yeoman© Plotter, with no output capabilities.
NMEA In/NMEA Out provides the same input capabilities as NMEA IN, with selectable NMEA output.
When the ‘Data Transfer’ option is selected, you’ll need to specify what information to request or send to the remote unit through the Transfer Mode field. The
‘slave’ setting lets you control all data transfer from the ‘external’ GPS receiver, or
PC while the other settings request or send specific data from the primary unit.
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Page 79
Using NMEA & DGPS Interface Settings
If you are using an NMEA interface format, the NMEA format must be specified
in the NMEA format field that will automatically appear when an NMEA option is
selected. The appropriate baud rate will be set automatically.
SETUP MENUS
NMEA & DGPS Setup
SECTION
10
To select a NMEA format:
1. Select a NMEA IN/OUT format from the options page.
2. Highlight the NMEA Format field and press T.
3. Select a NMEA sentence format and press T.
4. The baud rate will automatically be set to the appropriate speed. If you have
selected an NMEA IN/OUT setting, you must use the same NMEA format for both
the input and output device.
Tuning DGPS Stations
If the I/O Format is set to accept RTCM input/NMEA Output for connecting a
differential-ready GPS beacon receiver, you will need to tune a frequency in the
tuning field and select a bit rate. The default frequency will be 304.0 kHz, with a
bit rate of 100 bps, or the last DGPS frequency/bit rate selected.
To tune a DGPS frequency:
1. Select the ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format from the options page.
2. Highlight the beacon receiver frequency field and press T.
3. Enter the desired frequency and press T. If you are using an automaticallytuned DGPS receiver, you may enter 000.0 for the frequency.
4. Press T to select a bit rate. Five bit rates are available: 0 (used for automatically-tuned DGPS receivers), 25, 50, 100 and 200 bps. Press T to confirm. The
DGPS status, along with the signal-to-noise ratio of the tuned station, will be displayed at the bottom of the page.
A
B
A. Select the desired format from the NMEA field.
The baud rate will automatically be set to the
appropriate speed.
B. After entering a DGPS frequency, set the bit rate
to the speed indicated on the USCG station chart.
DGPS coverage, frequencies and bit rates are
available from the Coast Guard’s automated
FAX service (703-313-5920).
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Page 80
Installing & Removing G-chart Cartridges
SECTION
11
G-CHARTS
Loading & Removing
G-Charts
The GARMIN GPSMAP 135 Sounder system uses G-chart offshore or inland
cartography to display digital charts on-screen. G-chart cartridges are installed in
the card slot located at the bottom right of the GPSMAP 135 Sounder unit. Gchart cartridges may be installed or removed at any time, whether the unit is on or
off.
To install a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the cartridge door.
2. Insert the card (label facing front and G-chart logo at top) into the slot.
3. Use your thumb to firmly push the cartridge into place (until the cartridge will not go any
further into the unit). If your GPSMAP 135 Sounder is on, a confirmation tone will sound
when the cartridge has been properly installed and accepted.
4. Close the cover.
#
!
If you insert a G-chart cartridge and get a ‘card format not recognized’ message, try
removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact the
dealer you purchased it from for assistance. G-chart cartridges are not waterproof,
should not be exposed to moisture or excessive static charges, and should be
stored in the anti-static bag supplied with the cartridge.
To remove a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the cartridge door.
2. Grasp the card at the bottom groove and pull firmly.
3. If your GPSMAP 135 Sounder is on, a confirmation tone will sound when the G-chart
cartridge has been removed.
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Page 81
Using G-chart Cartography
Once a G-chart cartridge has been inserted, the map coverage outlines for the
cartridge will automatically appear on-screen. Keep in mind that the display will
not automatically scroll to the map area or zoom to a level where you can see the
coverage outlines. If you do not immediately see the outlines, scroll the cursor to
the broad geographic area covered by the chart and zoom out to another map
scale.
The large outlined box shown is the main chart, which serves as the boundary
area for the entire cartridge. The small outlined box inside the main box are subcharts, which provide more detailed coverage of the area indicated. To view the
detailed cartography of any subchart, scroll the cursor to the subchart outline and
use the Z key to zoom in to smaller range scales. If the map outlines still do not
appear, check the ‘Map Outlines’ setting on the map options page to make sure
they are set to appear (see page 40).
#
!
Whenever you zoom past the usable range of the current electronic chart, the range
field will display ‘Ovr Zm’ or ‘No Map’. These warnings indicate that although you
may still have cartography, you should exercise extreme caution using the data. See
page 39 for more information on Overzoom and No Map modes.
G-CHARTS
Using G-Charts
A
SECTION
11
B
A. Map outlines for G-chart offshore cartography.
When a G-chart cartridge is installed, the GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s system will
automatically use the best available chart for display. As you enter and exit various
subcharts, the system will automatically display the appropriate chart for the area
you are in. When you leave the area covered by the main map of a cartridge, the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder will default back to using the built-in 64 nm database if it
is available at the current scale.
If you are not seeing certain map items (navaids, depth contours, etc. on
offshore cartridges; highways, boat ramps, etc. on inland cartridges), check the
map configuration settings available from the map options page.
B. Map outlines for G-chart inland cartography.
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Page 82
Installing the GPSMAP 135 Sounder
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder must be properly installed according to the following instructions to get the best possible performance. Included with your sounder
is GARMIN power data cable (part no. 320-00023-06) and transducer with cable
(part no. 493-10000-00) which must be used to comply with FCC regulations. To
complete the installation, you’ll need the appropriate fasteners and a 1” x 14thread marine antenna mount available at most marine dealers. Also included are
ferrite bead filter clamps (part no. K00-00036-00) which filter RFI radiation from
interfering with nearby electronics.(See appendix C for ferrite clamp installation.)
A
Mounting the GPS antenna
BEST
BETTER
GOOD
The antenna should be mounted in a location that has a clear, unobstructed
view of the sky in all directions to ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the
antenna where it will be shaded by the boat’s superstructure, a radome antenna, or
mast. Sailboat users should avoid mounting the antenna high on the mast to prevent inaccurate speed readings caused by excessive heeling. Most marine VHF and
loran antennas will not seriously degrade the GPS antenna’s reception. Never paint
the antenna or clean it with harsh solvents.
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1” x 14-thread antenna mount. If you need to raise the antenna to avoid shading, try using a 1” x 14thread extension mast available at most marine dealers.
To install the GPS antenna:
1. Screw the antenna directly onto the 1” x 14-thread mount.
2. Route the cable to the mounting location of the display unit. Use the appropriate tiewraps, escutcheon plates and sealant to secure the cable along the route and through
any bulkhead or deck.
82
3. Once the GPSMAP 135 Sounder unit has been installed, connect the cable to the antenna connector on the back of the display unit. Make sure that you turn the antenna cable
connector 1/4 turn clockwise to lock the cable into place.
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Page 83
Mounting the GPSMAP 135 Sounder Unit
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s compact, waterproof case is suitable for mounting
in exposed locations or at the nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal bracket
that can be used for surface or overhead mounting. When choosing a location for
the display unit, make sure you consider the following conditions:
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
• There should be at least a 3” (5 cm) clearance behind the case to allow connection of the
antenna, power/data cables, and ferrite clamps.
• The unit should not be mounted where it is exposed to excessive temperatures for
extended periods (see page 84).
• You should provide adequate clearance for the G-chart cartridge cover to swing open
freely. You may have to swivel the unit to get a firm grip on the cartridge.
• The mounting surface should be heavy enough to support the unit and protect it from
excessive vibration and shock.
• For flush mounting, make sure the flat panel is between 0.08” and 0.30” (2 to 7.7mm)
thick to use the cam lobe built into the mounting bracket.
To install the GPSMAP 135 Sounder unit:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fastener you are using.
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fastener.
4. Insert the GPSMAP 135 Sounder into the mounting bracket. The bracket is designed for a
tight fit to provide additional support when swiveling the unit.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket and into the display case.
6. Connect the power/data and antenna cables to the back of the unit, making sure the
locking rings are fully tightened on both connectors.
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Page 84
To flush mount the GPSMAP 135 Sounder:
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
1. Cut a 4.15” W x 4.67” H (105.4 x 118.6mm) hole in panel.
WARNING!
The temperature range for the GPSMAP 135
Sounder is -4 to +158ºF (-20 to 70ºC). Extended
exposure to temperatures exceeding this range (in
storage or operating conditions) may cause failure of
the LCD screen. This type of failure and related consequences are NOT covered by the manufacturer’s
limited warranty.
2. Place GPSMAP 135 Sounder into hole from the front until its flange rests against
the mounting surface.
3. From the back side of the panel, loosely attach the bracket so that the slot in the ratchet
area points away from the mounting panel.
4. Rotate the bracket downward until the panel is pinched tightly between the unit’s flange
and bracket lobe.
5. Tighten knobs and connect the power/data and antenna cables.
Transducer Installation
For installation, please refer to the booklet included with the transducer unit.
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Page 85
Installing the Ferrite Clamps
In order to filter Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) radiation which would
possibly interfere with items such as televisions, radios, or other depth sounders
which are operating in close proximity to the GPSMAP 135 Sounder, two ferrite
bead filter clamps are included for attachment to the unit’s cables. The clamps
attach to your transducer and power cables near the point at which they connect
to the back of your GPSMAP 135 Sounder.
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
To install the ferrite bead filter clamps:
IN
RM
GA R 21
B
G
1. Choose a location which is no more than two inches from the back of the
GPSMAP 135 Sounder.
2. Open each filter clamp by slightly pulling out on the latch and opening the filter
halves.
3. Position each clamp and squeeze it shut around the cable until the latch is securely fastened.
The clamps should not need to be replaced under normal use.
If you have any questions or require replacement filter clamps, contact your
local GARMIN dealer.
DGPS corrections are accepted in RTCM-104 v. 2.0
format through the NMEA In (BROWN) harness lead.
The GARMIN GBR 21 is the recommended beacon
receiver for use with the GPSMAP 135 system. Other
receivers with the correct RTCM format may be used,
but may not correctly display status or allow tuning
control from the sounder unit.
85
GPS 135 Rev C
SECTION
B
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APPENDIX
Wiring and
Specifications
Page 86
Connecting the Power/Data Cable
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 135 Sounder to a 10-40 volt DC
system and provides interface capabilities for connecting external devices, including an external alarm. The color code in the diagram below indicates the appropriate harness connections.
PIN 1 (red): 10-40 volts DC
PIN 2 (black): Ground
3
5
6
1
(-)
PIN 3 (blue): NMEA out
4
2
7
Pin assignment
(CABLE VIEW)
(+)
10-40 volts DC
PIN 4 (brown): NMEA in
PIN 5 (white): No connection
PIN 6 (green): No connection
PIN 7 (yellow): alarm low
(-)
Shield Grounded
Through GPS
Autopilot/
NMEA Device
GBR 21
Beacon
Receiver
Alarm/
Relay
(+)
The following formats are supported for connection to up to 3 NMEA devices:
86
• NMEA 0180/NMEA 0182
• NMEA 0183 version 1.5
Approved sentences— GPBWC, GPGLL, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPXTE, GPVTG, GPWPL, GPBOD
Proprietary sentences— PGRMM, PGRMZ (alt.), PSLIB (beacon receiver control
input)
• NMEA 0183 version 2.0
Approved sentences— GPGGA, GPGLL, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPRTE, GPWPL,
GPBOD
Proprietary sentences— PGRME (estimated error), PGRMM (map datum)
PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon rec. control input)
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Page 87
GPSMAP 135 Sounder Specifications
PHYSICAL
Case:
Size:
Weight:
Temperature Range:
SECTION
Screwed shut and dry nitrogen-filled
4.9”H x 5.3”W x 2.4”D
(12.5 x 13.5 x 2.4 cm)
Less than 1 lb. (454g)
-4º to +158ºF (-20º to 70ºC)
PERFORMANCE (GPSMAP 135 Sounder)
Receiver:
12-channel PhaseTrac12
Acquisition Time:
Approx. 15 seconds (warm)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold)
Approx. 5 minutes (AutoLocate )
Approx. 5 minutes (Search the sky)
Update Rate:
1/second, continuous
Position Accuracy:
1-5 meters (3-16 ft.)*
15 meters (49 ft.) RMS**
Velocity Accuracy:
0.1 knot RMS steady state, 999 knots max.
Dynamics:
6g’s
Sounder Power Output:
300 WRMS
2400 W peak to peak
Frequency:
200 kHz
TM
POWER
Input:
Usage:
B
APPENDIX
Wiring &
Specifications
Note: For transducer specifications,
see the booklet included with your
transducer.
10-40v DC
10 watts max.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
* With optional GARMIN GBR 21 Beacon Receiver Input.
** Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective Availability Program.
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Page 88
Alarm Clock—The alarm clock has sounded.
SECTION
C
APPENDIX
Anchor Drag Alarm—You have drifted out of
the specified distance range.
Messages
Approaching—You are less than one minute
away from reaching a destination waypoint at
your present speed over ground.
Arrival At—You have arrived at the destination
waypoint.
Can’t Change An Active Waypoint—You
have attempted to change the ‘active to’ or
‘active from’ waypoint. Clear the active route or
GOTO before making your changes.
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder uses an on-screen
message prompt to alert you to important information. Whenever a message appears, press the J
key to view the message.
Card Format is Not Recognized—The cartridge inserted is not readable by the GPSMAP
135 Sounder system and may be damaged.
Reinsert the cartridge to make sure it is properly
installed. If the cartridge is still not recognized,
call the G-chart information line at 1-800-4276460.
Cross-Track Alarm—You have exceeded the
off-course distance specified in the CDI setup.
Data Transfer is Complete—The receiver is
finished uploading or downloading information
to the connected device.
Database Memory has Failed—The built-in
64 nm database has failed. See an authorized
service center for repair.
88
other navigational sources to verify the position
indicated.
Max Calibration Is 5000mt (16,400 ft)—
You have exceeded the maximum possible map
calibration.
Memory Battery Power is Low—The internal
battery that stores waypoints, routes and track
plots needs to be replaced. Take your unit to an
authorized GARMIN service center for installation of a new battery.
Need Altitude—Your GPSMAP 135 Sounder
system needs the altitude to maintain a position
fix due to poor satellite coverage. Enter your
approximate altitude on the initialize position
page.
Need to Select Init Method—The GPSMAP
135 Sounder needs to be initialized to your present position. See pages 1-2 for complete
instructions on initialization.
No Differential GPS Position—Not enough
data is being received to compute a DGPS position.
Oscillator Needs Adjustment—The GPSMAP
135 Sounder has detected excessive drift in its
internal oscillator, which may result in longer
acquisition times. Take the unit to an authorized
GARMIN service center for adjustment.
Deep Water Alarm—The current depth is
equal to or more than the set alarm depth.
Poor GPS Coverage—The GPSMAP 135
Sounder cannot acquire the necessary number
of satellites to compute a position.
Degraded Accuracy—The accuracy of your
GPSMAP 135 Sounder system has been degraded beyond 500 meters due to poor satellite
geometry or data quality. You should check
Power Down and Re-init—The GPSMAP 135
Sounder cannot calculate a position due to
abnormal satellite conditions. Power down and
verify the last position shown by other means.
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Page 89
Proximity Alarm—You have entered the alarm
radius for the proximity waypoint indicated.
Proximity List Full—You have used all nine
proximity waypoints.
Proximity Overlaps Another Prox Wypt—
The alarm radius specified overlaps the area
specified for another proximity waypoint. (See
section 10 for more information on proximity
overlaps.)
RAM has Failed—The random access memory
has failed and the unit is not operable. Take
your unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for repairs.
ROM has Failed—The unit’s permanent memory has failed and the unit is not operable. Take
your unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for repairs.
Received Invalid Waypoint—A waypoint was
received during upload transfer that has an
invalid identifier.
Receiver has Failed—A failure in receiver
hardware has been detected. If this message persists, do not use the unit and take it to an authorized dealer for repair.
Route Already Exists—The route number you
are trying to copy to is already used.
Route Does Not Exist—The route number you
are trying to use or copy is not defined.
Route is Full—You have attempted to add
more than 30 waypoints to a route.
Route Memory is Full—You have attempted to
create more than 20 routes.
Route Waypoint was Deleted—A route waypoint entered does not exist in the database and
has been deleted from the route.
RTCM Input has Failed—DGPS data being
received has been lost. You are no longer receiving the beacon signal.
APPENDIX
Messages
SECTION
C
Searching the Sky—The GPSMAP 135
Sounder is searching the sky for almanac data.
Shallow Water Alarm—The depth is equal to
or less than the set alarm depth.
Sonar ASIC has Failed—The unit’s internal
monitoring system indicates a malfunction. Send
in for service as soon as possible.
Stored Data was Lost—All waypoints, routes
and almanac data has been lost due to internal
battery failure.
There is No RTCM Input—The beacon receiver is not properly connected or baud rates do
not match.
Timer Has Expired—The countdown timer
has expired.
Track Memory is Full—The track memory is
full and no additional track plot will be recorded
until the track memory has been cleared or set to
wrap mode.
Transducer-Sounder Turned Off—The transducer signal is not reaching the unit because of a
loose connector, bad wiring, or transducer malfunction.
Wypt Already Exists—The waypoint name
you’ve entered already exists in memory.
Waypoint Memory is Full—You have used all
250 waypoints in the GPSMAP 135 Sounder system.
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D
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Page 90
APPENDIX
Map Datums
The GPSMAP 135 Sounder’s built-in worldwide
database includes chart coverage down to 64 nm
(120 km) for the areas outlined above. Note that the
database is only valid to 68º15’ of latitude. The
maximum cursor latitude is 85º05’, and the maximum waypoint latitude is 89º24.543 north or south.
Adindan
Afgooye
AIN EL ABD ‘70
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
ARC 1950
ARC 1960
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Astro B4 Sorol
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Dos 71/4
Astr Stn ‘52
Astrln Geod ‘66
90
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali,
Senegal, Sudan
Afgooye- Somalia
AIN EL ANBD 1970Bahrain Island, Saudi
Arabia
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos I.
ARC 1950- Botswana,
Lesotho,
Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
Kenya, Tanzania
Ascension Island ‘58Ascension Island
Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astronomic Stn ‘52Marcus Island
Australian Geod ‘66Australia, Tasmania Island
Astrln Geod ‘84
Austria
Bellevue (IGN)
Bermuda 1957
Bogata Observ
Campo Inchspe
Canton Ast ‘66
Cape
Cape Canavrl
Carthage
CH-1903
Chatham 1971
Chua Astro
Australian Geod ‘84Australia, Tasmania Island
Austria
Efate and Erromango
Islands
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda
Islands
Bogata
ObsrvatryColombia
Campo
InchauspeArgentina
Canton Astro 1966Phoenix Islands
Cape- South Africa
Cape Canaveral- Florida,
Bahama Islands
Carthage- Tunisia
CH 1903- Switzerland
Chatham 1971- Chatham
Island (New Zealand)
Chua Astro- Paraguay
GPS 135 Rev C
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Corrego Alegr
Djakarta
Dos 1968
Easter Isld 67
European 1950
European 1979
Finland Hayfrd
Gandajika Base
Geod Datm ‘49
Guam 1963
Gux 1 Astro
Hjorsey 1955
Hong Kong ‘63
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Indian Bngldsh
Indian Thailand
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965
ISTS 073 Astro
Johnston Island
Kandawala
Page 91
Corrego Alegre- Brazil
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra
Island (Indonesia)
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Easter Island 1967
European 1950- Austria,
Belgium,
Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany,
Gibraltar, Greece, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland
European 1979- Austria,
Finland, Netherlands,
Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic
of Maldives
Geodetic Datum ‘49New Zealand
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Guadalcanal Island
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Hong Kong
Taiwan
Indian- Bangladesh, India,
Nepal
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965- Ireland
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69Diego Garcia
Johnston Island Kandawala
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Sri-Lanka
Kerguelen Islnd
Kertau 1948
L. C. 5 Astro
Liberia 1964
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon Philippine
Mahe 1971
Marco Astro
Massawa
Merchich
Midway Ast ‘61
Minna
NAD27 Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
NAD27 Canada
NAD27 Canal Zone
NAD27 Caribbean
NAD27 Central
NAD27 CONUS
NAD27 Cuba
Kerguelen Island
West Malaysia, Singapore
Cayman Brac Island
Liberia 1964- Liberia
Luzon- Mindanao Island
LuzonPhilippines
(excluding Mindanao Isl.)
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Marco Astro- Salvage Isl.
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
Merchich- Morocco
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Minna- Nigeria
North American 1927Alaska
North American 1927Bahamas (excluding San
Salvador Island)
North American 1927Canada and Newfoundland
North Am. 1927- Canal
Zone
North American 1927Caribbean (Barbados,
Caicos Islands, Cuba,
Dom. Rep., Grd. Cayman,
Jamaica, Leeward and
Turks Islands)
North American 1927Central America (Belize,
Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua)
North Am. 1927- Mean
Value (CONUS)
North American 1927Cuba
APPENDIX
Map Datums
SECTION
D
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Page 92
NAD27 Greenland
SECTION
D
APPENDIX
Map Datums
NAD27 Mexico
NAD27 San Salvadr
NAD83
Nahrwn Masirah llnd
Nahrwn Saudi Arbia
Nahrwn United Arab
Naparima BWI
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Old Egyptian
Old Hawaiian
Oman
Ord Srvy Grt Britn
Pico De Las Nieves
Potsdam
Pitcairn Astro ‘67
Prov So Amricn ‘56
Prov So Chilean ‘63
Puerto Rico
Qatar National
Qornoq
Reunion
92
North American 1927Greenland
(Hayes
Peninsula)
N. American 1927- Mexico
North American 1927- San
Salvador Island
North American 1983Alaska, Canada, Central
America, CONUS, Mexico
Nahrwn- Masirah Island
(Oman)
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Nahrwn- United Arab
Emirates
Naparima BWI- Trinidad
and Tobago
Observatorio 1966- Corvo
and Flores Islands (Azores)
Old Egyptian- Egypt
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman- Oman
Old Survey Grt BritnEngland, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl.,
Wales
Canary Islands
Germany
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn
Prov So Amricn ‘56Bolivia, Chile,Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Peru,
Venezuela
So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Puerto Rico & Virgin Isl.
Qatar National- Qatar
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Rome 1940
RT 90
Santo (Dos)
Sao Braz
Sapper Hill ‘43
Schwarzeck
South American ‘69
South Asia
Southeast Base
Southwest Base
Timbalai 1948
Tokyo
Tristan Astro ‘68
Viti Levu 1916
Wake-Eniwetok
WGS 72
WGS 84
Zanderij
Rome 1940- Sardinia Isl.
Sweden
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel,
Santa Maria Islands
Sapper Hill 1943- East
Falkland Island
Schwarzeck- Namibia
S. American ‘69- Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia,
Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela, Trin/Tobago
South Asia- Singapore
Southeast Base- Porto
Santo and Madiera Islands
Southwest Base- Faial,
Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge
and Terceira Islands
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and
E. Malaysia (Sarawak and
Sabah)
Tokyo- Japan, Korea,
Okinawa
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan
da Cunha
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/
Fiji Islands
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall
World Geodetic System 72
World Geodetic System 84
Zanderij- Surinam
GPS 135 Rev C
8/4/98 4:20 PM
Page 93
Almanac Data—The satellite constellation information (including location and health of satellites)
that is transmitted to your receiver from every GPS satellite. Almanac data must be acquired before
GPS navigation can begin.
Bearing (BRG)—The compass direction from your position to a destination.
APPENDIX
Glossary
SECTION
E
Course Over Ground (COG)—Direction of movement relative to a ground position.
Crosstrack Error (XTK)—The distance you are off a desired course in either direction.
Desired Track (DTK)—The compass course between the ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Differential GPS (DGPS)—An extension of the GPS system that uses land-based radio beacons to
transmit position corrections to GPS receivers.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)—The time of day of your arrival at a destination.
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)—The time remaining to your destination at your present speed.
Grid—A coordinate system that projects the earth on a flat surface, using square zones for position
measurements.
Ground Speed (SOG)—The velocity you are traveling relative to a ground position.
Latitude—A north/south measurement of position perpendicular to the earth’s polar axis.
Longitude—An east/west measurement of position in relation to the Prime Meridian, an imaginary
circle that passes through the north and south poles.
Position—An exact, unique location based on a geographic coordinate system.
Sensitivity—A measure of how sensitive the sounder is to sonar echoes.
Speed Through Water (STW)—The speed you are traveling relative to the water’s surface.
93
GPS 135 Rev C
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SECTION
Page 94
APPENDIX
E
Thermocline— A layer of water separating warmer water above from cooler water below.
Glossary
Turn (TRN)— The difference and direction in degrees between the bearing to your destination
and your course over ground. The TRN value is used to indicate what direction, and how many
degrees, to turn to get back on course.
Universal Time Coordinated (UTC)— The time of day at the prime meridian (0º longitude)
in Greenwich, England.
“ACTIVE TO”
WAYPOINT
Universal Transverse Mercator- (UTM)— A grid coordinate system that projects global sections onto a flat surface to measure position in specific zones.
Velocity Made Good (VMG)—The speed you are traveling in the direction of the destination.
NORTH
NORTH
BRG
SP
EE
D
OV
ER
GR
OU
ND
R
RO
DTK
ER
CK
RA
ST XTK
OS
CR
COG
“ACTIVE FROM”
WAYPOINT
94
DIST
ANC
E
Waypoint—A specific location saved in the receiver’s memory.
Whiteline—A term applied to the portion of the sonar display which shows the area of
strongest sonar return (typically the bottom).
GPS 135 Rev C
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Page 95
The chart below gives an approximate UTC time offset for the various
longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you
are in daylight savings time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
W180.0º to W172.5º
W172.5º to W157.5º
W157.5º to W142.5º
W142.5º to W127.5º
W127.5º to W112.5º
W112.5º to W097.5º
W097.5º to W082.5º
W082.5º to W067.5º
W067.5º to W052.5º
W052.5º to W037.5º
W037.5º to W022.5º
W022.5º to W007.5º
W007.5º to E007.5º
E007.5º to E022.5º
E022.5º to E037.5º
E037.5º to E052.5º
E052.5º to E067.5º
E067.5º to E082.5º
E082.5º to E097.5º
E097.5º to E112.5º
E112.5º to E127.5º
E127.5º to E142.5º
E142.5º to E157.5º
E157.5º to E172.5º
E172.5º to E180.0º
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
APPENDIX
Time Offsets
SECTION
F
95
GPS 135 Rev C
SECTION
G
8/4/98 4:20 PM
APPENDIX
Index
Page 96
A
Alarm Setup
Anchor Drag Alarm
Antenna Installation
Arrival Alarm
AutoLocate
B
Backlight Level
Beacon Receiver Setup
Bearing
Bearing/Distance Calculation
Boat Icon
Built-in Map Coverage
96
77
77
82
77
1,21-22
3
78-79
93
40
10
2,90
C
Calibrations, Map
Cancelling Active GOTOs
Capabilities
Cautions
Clock Alarm
Configurations, Map
Contrast Setting
Countdown Timer
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
CDI Scales
Crosstrack Error
Cursor Mode
Cursor Movement
42
59
iii
ii
62
41-42
3,74
77
16
36,76
93
37-38
11,38
D
Data Field Entry
Data Window
Date/Time Formats
Datums
13
62
74
90-92
Definitions
Desired Track (DTK)
Depth Contours
Depth Units
Dilution of Precision (DOP)
DGPS Setup
DGPS Status
93-94
93
75
75
21
78-79
21
E
Entering Initial Position
Estimated Position Error (EPE)
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
2,22
21
45,93
45,93
F
Ferrite Clamps
Full Page Mapping
85
41
G
G-chart Cartridges
GOTO Key
Ground Speed
80-81
12,58-59
93
H
Heading Selection
Highway Scale
75-76
16,46
I
Initialization
Installation
Interface Options
Interface Setup
Interval, Track Storage
1-2
82-85
78
78-79
70
GPS 135 Rev C
8/4/98 4:20 PM
K
Keypad Tone
Keypad Usage
L
Local Time Offset
M
Magnetic Variation
Main Menu
Man Overboard Function
Map Calibration
Map Configuration
Map Datum List
Map Datum Selection
Map Page
Map Scales
Map/Sounder Split Screen
Marking a Position
Measuring Bearing & Distance
Menu Selection
Message Descriptions
Messages, Viewing
Page 97
74
viii
74
75-76
48
60
42
41-42
90-92
76
36-44
39
29,43
6,49-50
40
18
88-89
1
N
Navigation Page
Navigation Setup
Navigation Units
NMEA Formats
NMEA Setup
No Map Mode
15-16,45-47
46-47
75
86
78-79
39
O
Offset, local time
Operation Setup
Overzoom Mode
64,81
73-75
39
P
Packing List
Page Sequence
Physical Specifications
Point-to-Point Planning
Position Format
Position Mode
Position Page
Velocity Filters
Power Off
Power On
Proximity Alarm
R
Removing G-chart Cartridges
Routes
Activating A Route
Active Route Page
Clearing
Copying
Creating
Deactivating
Editing By Text
Editing Graphically
Modifying Route Waypoints
Modifying Routes
Moving Route Waypoints
Removing Route Waypoints
Reviewing Routes
Route Comments
Route Planning Mode
Stopping Route Navigation
S
Satellite Acquisition
vi
5
87
71
75
37
23-24
76
19
1
56
APPENDIX
Index
SECTION
G
80
62-69
65
17,68-69
67
67
62
65,67,69
64-65
63
63-65
63-67
63
65
63
66
72
17
2,20-21
97
GPS 135 Rev C
SECTION
G
98
8/4/98 4:20 PM
APPENDIX
Index
Page 98
Satellite Sky View
Signal Strength Bars
Simulator Mode
Simulator Tour
Sounder Page
Chart Speed
Fish Id
Keel Offset
Map/Sounder Split Screen
Noise Rejection
Range Modes
Auto
Manual
Window
Sensitivity
Sounder Setup
Speed Calibration
Thermocline
Transducer
Underwater Waypoint
Water Type
Whiteline
Zoom Function
Zoom Window Movement
Status Bar
Status Page
Steering Guidance
Sunrise/Sunset Calculation
T
Table of Contents
Time Offsets
Timer/Alarm Setup
Tone Selection
TracBack Function
20
2,20
4
4-19
7-9,25-35
30
32
33
29,43
33
25,30
25-26
25-26
25,31
30,93
32-35
33-35
7,25,94
vii,7,25,84
7-8,28-29
33
7,25,30,94
9,27-28
28
3
20-22
16,45-47
73
vii
73-74,95
77
74
60-61
Track Log
Track Memory
Track Plot Resolution
Track Recording
Trip Odometer
Turn (TRN)
U
Units of Measure
UTC time
UTM/UPS Coordinates
V
Velocity Filter
Velocity Made Good (VMG)
W
Waypoints
Active Waypoints
Creating
Deleting
Editing By Text
Editing Graphically
Modifying
Moving Route Waypoints
Nearest Waypoints
Proximity Waypoints
Reference Waypoints
Removing Route Waypoints
Renaming
Reviewing
Submenus
Underwater Waypoints
Waypoint List
Wiring Installation
70
70
70
70
23-24
31,47,94
75
74,95
95
76
31,47,94
49-57
68
49-52
54
53
54
53-55
63
55
56
52
65
54
53
55
7-8,28-29
57
96
GPS 135 Rev C
8/4/98 4:20 PM
Page 99
®
© 1997 GARMIN Corporation
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062 USA
GARMIN (Europe) LTD Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ UK
Part Number 190-00107-00 Rev. C Printed in Taiwan
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