Furuno 1823C Marine RADAR User Manual

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MODEL 1823C MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1833C MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1933C MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1943C MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1953C MARINE RADAR
COLOR VIDEO PLOTTER GD-1900C
The paper used in this manual
is elemental chlorine free.
Your Local Agent/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya 662-8580, JAPAN
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Fax
0798-65-4200
:
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION : APR
APR.. 2001
J3
Pub. No. OME-35030
( TATA ) M1803C SER & GD1900C
: APR
APR.. 14, 2005
*00080919804*
*00080919804*
*00080919804*
*OME35030J30*
*OME35030J30*
*OME35030J30*
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
WARNING
Radio Frequency
Radiation Hazard
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not open the equipment.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
The radar antenna emits electromagnetic
radio frequency (RF) energy which can be
harmful, particularly to your eyes. Never
look directly into the antenna aperture from
a close distance while the radar is in
operation or expose yourself to the transmitting antenna at a close distance.
Turn off the radar power
switch before servicing the
antenna unit. Post a warning sign near the switch
indicating it should not be
turned on while the antenna
unit is being serviced.
Distances at which RF radiation levels of
100 and 10 W/m2 exist are given in the
table below.
Prevent the potential risk of
being struck by the rotating
antenna and exposure to
RF radiation hazard.
Note: If the antenna unit is installed at a
close distance in front of the wheel house,
your administration may require halt of
transmission within a certain sector of
antenna revolution. This is possible - Ask
your FURUNO representative or dealer to
provide this feature.
Wear a safety belt and hard
hat when working on the
antenna unit.
Serious injury or death can
result if someone falls from
the radar antenna mast.
MODEL
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
Turn off the power immediately if water
leaks into the equipment or the equipment is emitting smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock.
Distance to
100 W/m2
point
MODEL
1823C
Nil
MODEL
1833C
Nil
MODEL
1933C
Worst case
0.20 m
MODEL
1943C
Nil
XN-12A
MODEL
1953C XN-13A
Nil
Distance to
10 W/m2
point
Worst case
0.50 m
Worst case
0.50 m
Worst case
3.00 m
Worst case
2.50 m
Worst case
2.50 m
Worst case
2.30 m
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
A warning label is attached to the
equipment. Do not remove the label.
If the label is missing or damaged,
contact a FURUNO agent or dealer.
Fuse rating is shown on the power cable.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in damage
to the equipment.
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, do not
remove cover. No user-serviceable
parts inside.
Keep heater away from equipment.
Heat can alter equipment shape and melt
the power cord, which can cause fire or
electrical shock.
i
Name: Warning Label (1)
Type: 86-003-1011-0
Code No.: 100-236-230
COMPLIANCE WITH R&TTE DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC
This radar complies with the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC. In accordance with Article 6-3 of
this directive, FURUNO intends to put this radar on the market of the following countries in
EU as well other markets.
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The
Netherlands, United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ........................................................................................................ ix
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ............................................................................. xi
WHAT IS WAAS? ............................................................................................... xiv
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW.......................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Operating Controls....................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.1 Display unit controls.......................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.2 Remote controller.............................................................................................. 1-4
1.2 Inserting a Chart Card.................................................................................................. 1-5
1.3 Turning the Unit On/Off ................................................................................................ 1-6
1.4 Display Brilliance, Panel Brilliance, Hue ....................................................................... 1-7
1.4.1 Display brilliance, panel brilliance...................................................................... 1-7
1.4.2 Hue................................................................................................................... 1-8
1.5 Selecting a Display....................................................................................................... 1-9
1.5.1 Display modes .................................................................................................. 1-9
1.5.2 Selecting a display .......................................................................................... 1-10
1.5.3 Switching control in combination and overlay screens..................................... 1-11
1.5.4 Selecting image source................................................................................... 1-12
1.6 Trackball, Cursor........................................................................................................ 1-13
1.7 Entering the MOB Mark, Setting MOB as Destination ................................................ 1-14
1.8 Data Boxes ................................................................................................................ 1-15
1.8.1 Showing, hiding data boxes with soft key ........................................................ 1-15
1.8.2 Rearranging data boxes.................................................................................. 1-16
1.8.3 Temporarily erasing a data box ....................................................................... 1-16
1.9 Function Keys ............................................................................................................ 1-17
1.9.1 Executing a function........................................................................................ 1-17
1.10 Simulation Display.................................................................................................... 1-18
2. RADAR OPERATION..................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 Radar Display .............................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Transmitting, Stand-by ................................................................................................. 2-2
2.3 Tuning.......................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.4 Adjusting the Gain........................................................................................................ 2-2
2.5 Reducing Sea Clutter ................................................................................................... 2-4
2.5.1 How the A/C SEA works.................................................................................... 2-4
2.5.2 Adjusting A/C SEA ............................................................................................ 2-4
2.6 Reducing Precipitation Clutter...................................................................................... 2-5
2.6.1 Adjusting the A/C RAIN ..................................................................................... 2-5
2.7 Range Scale ................................................................................................................ 2-6
2.8 Pulselength .................................................................................................................. 2-7
iii
2.9 Presentation Mode....................................................................................................... 2-8
2.9.1 Selecting a presentation mode ......................................................................... 2-8
2.9.2 Description of presentation modes.................................................................... 2-9
2.10 Measuring the Range ...............................................................................................2-11
2.10.1 Measuring range by range rings ....................................................................2-11
2.10.2 Measuring range by cursor ........................................................................... 2-12
2.10.3 Measuring range by VRM ............................................................................. 2-13
2.10.4 Erasing a VRM, VRM indication.................................................................... 2-14
2.10.5 Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes ...................................................................... 2-14
2.10.6 Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes ........................................................................ 2-14
2.10.7 Moving EBL/VRM data boxes ....................................................................... 2-14
2.11 Measuring the Bearing............................................................................................. 2-14
2.11.1 Measuring bearing by cursor......................................................................... 2-14
2.11.2 Measuring bearing by EBL............................................................................ 2-14
2.11.3 Erasing an EBL, EBL indication .................................................................... 2-15
2.11.4 Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes....................................................................... 2-15
2.11.5 Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes......................................................................... 2-15
2.11.6 Moving EBL/VRM data boxes ....................................................................... 2-15
2.12 Erasing the Heading Line, North Marker .................................................................. 2-16
2.13 Reducing Noise Interference ................................................................................... 2-16
2.14 Rejecting Radar Interference ................................................................................... 2-17
2.15 Zoom ....................................................................................................................... 2-18
2.15.1 Zooming in on radar targets.......................................................................... 2-18
2.15.2 Zooming in on ARP, TTM targets .................................................................. 2-18
2.16 Shifting the Picture................................................................................................... 2-19
2.16.1 Manual shift .................................................................................................. 2-19
2.16.2 Automatic shift .............................................................................................. 2-20
2.17 Using the Offset EBL ............................................................................................... 2-21
2.17.1 Predicting collision course ............................................................................ 2-21
2.17.2 Measuring range & bearing between two targets .......................................... 2-22
2.18 Echo Trails............................................................................................................... 2-23
2.18.1 Trail time....................................................................................................... 2-23
2.18.2 Starting echo trails ........................................................................................ 2-24
2.18.3 Trail gradation............................................................................................... 2-24
2.18.4 Trail color...................................................................................................... 2-25
2.18.5 Echo trail mode............................................................................................. 2-25
2.19 Echo Stretch ............................................................................................................ 2-26
2.20 Echo Averaging ....................................................................................................... 2-27
2.21 Outputting TLL Data................................................................................................. 2-28
2.22 Guard Alarm ............................................................................................................ 2-29
2.22.1 Setting a guard alarm zone........................................................................... 2-29
2.22.2 When the alarm is violated…........................................................................ 2-30
2.22.3 Cancelling the guard alarm........................................................................... 2-30
2.23 Watchman ............................................................................................................... 2-31
2.23.1 How watchman works................................................................................... 2-31
2.23.2 Turning on/off watchman .............................................................................. 2-31
2.23.3 Setting watchman stand-by interval .............................................................. 2-31
iv
2.24 Suppressing Second-trace Echoes .......................................................................... 2-32
2.25 Waypoint Marker ...................................................................................................... 2-33
2.26 ARP, TTM Operation ................................................................................................ 2-34
2.26.1 Activating/deactivating ARP, TTM.................................................................. 2-35
2.26.2 Acquiring and tracking targets (ARP)............................................................. 2-36
2.26.3 Displaying target number (ARP, TTM) ........................................................... 2-37
2.26.4 Terminating tracking of ARP targets .............................................................. 2-38
2.26.5 Setting vector attributes (ARP)...................................................................... 2-39
2.26.6 Displaying past position (ARP)...................................................................... 2-40
2.26.7 ARP, TTM target data .................................................................................... 2-41
2.26.8 CPA/TCPA alarm (ARP) ................................................................................ 2-42
2.26.9 Lost target alarm (ARP) ................................................................................ 2-43
2.27 Interpreting the Radar Display.................................................................................. 2-44
2.27.1 General......................................................................................................... 2-44
2.27.2 False echoes ................................................................................................ 2-46
2.27.3 SART (Search and Rescue Transponder) ..................................................... 2-48
2.27.4 Racon (Radar Beacon) ................................................................................. 2-50
3. PLOTTER OPERATION................................................................................. 3-1
3.1 Plotter Displays ............................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1.1 Full-screen plotter display ................................................................................. 3-1
3.1.2 Compass display............................................................................................... 3-3
3.1.3 Highway display................................................................................................ 3-5
3.1.4 Nav data display ............................................................................................... 3-6
3.2 Presentation Mode ....................................................................................................... 3-7
3.2.1 North-up............................................................................................................ 3-7
3.2.2 Course-up......................................................................................................... 3-8
3.2.3 Auto course-up.................................................................................................. 3-8
3.3 Shifting the Display ...................................................................................................... 3-9
3.4 Chart Scale .................................................................................................................. 3-9
3.5 Chart Cards................................................................................................................ 3-10
3.5.1 Chart card overview ........................................................................................ 3-10
3.5.2 Indices and chart enlargement ........................................................................ 3-11
3.5.3 FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts.................................................................. 3-12
3.5.4 C-MAP charts.................................................................................................. 3-14
3.6 Working with Track..................................................................................................... 3-18
3.6.1 Displaying track............................................................................................... 3-18
3.6.2 Stopping, restating plotting of own ship track .................................................. 3-19
3.6.3 Changing track color ....................................................................................... 3-20
3.6.4 Track plotting method and interval for own ship track...................................... 3-21
3.6.5 Changing own ship track/mark distribution setting........................................... 3-22
3.6.6 Erasing track................................................................................................... 3-23
3.7 Marks, Lines............................................................................................................... 3-25
3.7.1 Entering a mark, line ....................................................................................... 3-25
3.7.2 Changing mark attributes ................................................................................ 3-25
3.7.3 Selecting line type........................................................................................... 3-26
3.7.4 Erasing marks, lines........................................................................................ 3-27
3.8 Waypoints ..................................................................................................................3-28
v
3.8.1 Entering waypoints ......................................................................................... 3-28
3.8.2 Editing waypoint data ..................................................................................... 3-31
3.8.3 Erasing waypoints .......................................................................................... 3-33
3.8.4 Changing waypoint mark size (FURUNO, NavCharts™) ................................ 3-34
3.8.5 Searching waypoints ...................................................................................... 3-35
3.9 Routes....................................................................................................................... 3-36
3.9.1 Creating routes............................................................................................... 3-36
3.9.2 Connecting routes .......................................................................................... 3-40
3.9.3 Inserting waypoints......................................................................................... 3-41
3.9.4 Removing waypoints from a route .................................................................. 3-43
3.9.5 Erasing routes ................................................................................................ 3-43
3.10 Navigation ............................................................................................................... 3-44
3.10.1 Navigating to a "quick point" ......................................................................... 3-44
3.10.2 Navigating to waypoints................................................................................ 3-45
3.10.3 Navigating to ports, port services (NavCharts™ /C-MAP) ............................. 3-46
3.10.4 Following a route .......................................................................................... 3-48
3.10.5 Canceling route navigation ........................................................................... 3-51
3.11 Alarms .................................................................................................................... 3-52
3.11.1 Audio alarm on/off......................................................................................... 3-52
3.11.2 Arrival alarm.................................................................................................. 3-53
3.11.3 Anchor watch alarm ...................................................................................... 3-54
3.11.4 XTE (Cross-Track Error) alarm ..................................................................... 3-55
3.11.5 Speed alarm ................................................................................................. 3-55
3.11.6 Proximity alarm ............................................................................................. 3-56
3.11.7 Trip alarm...................................................................................................... 3-57
3.11.8 Alarm information.......................................................................................... 3-58
3.12 Resetting Trip Distance............................................................................................ 3-60
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION ................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Principle of Operation .................................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Sounder Displays ........................................................................................................ 4-2
4.2.1 Selecting a sounder display.............................................................................. 4-2
4.2.2 Description of sounder displays ........................................................................ 4-3
4.2.3 Selecting screen split method in combination displays...................................... 4-8
4.3 Automatic Sounder Operation...................................................................................... 4-9
4.3.1 How the automatic sounder works.................................................................... 4-9
4.3.2 Types of automatic sounder modes .................................................................. 4-9
4.3.3 How to enable automatic sounder operation..................................................... 4-9
4.4 Manual Sounder Operation ..................................................................................... 4-10
4.4.1 Selecting the manual mode ............................................................................ 4-10
4.4.2 Selecting display range................................................................................... 4-10
4.4.3 Adjusting the gain ........................................................................................... 4-10
4.4.4 Shifting the range ............................................................................................4-11
4.5 Measuring Depth, Time.............................................................................................. 4-12
4.6 Reducing Interference ............................................................................................... 4-13
4.7 Reducing Low Level Noise ........................................................................................ 4-14
4.8 Erasing Weak Echoes .............................................................................................. 4-15
4.9 White Marker ............................................................................................................. 4-16
vi
4.10 Picture Advance Speed ............................................................................................ 4-17
4.10.1 Advancement independent of ship’s speed ................................................... 4-17
4.10.2 Advancement synchronized with ship’s speed............................................... 4-18
4.11 Display Colors .......................................................................................................... 4-19
4.12 Alarms...................................................................................................................... 4-20
4.12.1 Audio alarm on/off ......................................................................................... 4-20
4.12.2 Bottom alarm ................................................................................................ 4-21
4.12.3 Fish alarm ..................................................................................................... 4-21
4.12.4 Fish alarm (B/L) ............................................................................................ 4-22
4.12.5 Water temperature alarm .............................................................................. 4-23
4.12.6 When an alarm setting is violated.................................................................. 4-24
4.13 Water Temperature Graph........................................................................................ 4-25
4.14 Changing Pulse Repetition Rate .............................................................................. 4-26
4.15Interpreting the Sounder Display ............................................................................... 4-27
4.15.1 Zero line........................................................................................................ 4-27
4.15.2 Bottom echo.................................................................................................. 4-27
4.15.3 Fish school echoes ....................................................................................... 4-28
4.15.4 Surface noise/Aeration.................................................................................. 4-28
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT.......................................................................... 5-1
5.1 General Setup.............................................................................................................. 5-1
5.2 Radar Setup................................................................................................................. 5-3
5.2.1 Radar display setup .......................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.2 Radar range setup ............................................................................................ 5-6
5.2.3 Function key setup............................................................................................ 5-7
5.3 Plotter Setup ................................................................................................................ 5-9
5.3.1 Navigation options ............................................................................................ 5-9
5.3.2 Function key setup.......................................................................................... 5-10
5.4 Chart Setup................................................................................................................5-12
5.4.1 Chart offset ..................................................................................................... 5-12
5.4.2 FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes.......................................................... 5-13
5.4.3 C-MAP chart attributes.................................................................................... 5-15
5.5 Data Boxes Setup ...................................................................................................... 5-18
5.6 Hot Page Setup.......................................................................................................... 5-19
5.7 Navigator Setup ......................................................................................................... 5-21
5.7.1 Navigation data source ................................................................................... 5-21
5.7.2 GPS receiver setup (Set equipped with GP-310B/320B)................................. 5-22
5.7.3 TD display setup ............................................................................................. 5-26
5.8 Nav Data Display Setup ............................................................................................. 5-28
5.9 Sounder Setup ........................................................................................................... 5-29
5.9.1 System setup .................................................................................................. 5-29
5.9.2 Sensor setup................................................................................................... 5-31
5.9.3 Sounding range, zoom range, bottom lock range ............................................ 5-32
5.9.4 Function key setup.......................................................................................... 5-33
vii
6. DATA TRANSFER.......................................................................................... 6-1
6.1 Memory Card Operations ............................................................................................ 6-1
6.1.1 Formatting memory cards................................................................................. 6-1
6.1.2 Saving data to a memory card .......................................................................... 6-2
6.1.3 Playing back data from a memory card............................................................. 6-4
6.2 Uploading, Downloading Data ..................................................................................... 6-5
6.2.1 Setting communication software on the PC ...................................................... 6-5
6.2.2 Uploading or downloading data ........................................................................ 6-5
6.3 Loading Waypoint Data from Yeoman.......................................................................... 6-8
6.4 Receiving Data Via Network Equipment ...................................................................... 6-9
6.5 Outputting Data Trough the Network.......................................................................... 6-10
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................... 7-1
7.1 Preventive Maintenance .............................................................................................. 7-1
7.2 Replacement of Batteries ............................................................................................ 7-2
7.3 Replacement of Fuse................................................................................................... 7-2
7.4 Replacement the Magnetron........................................................................................ 7-3
7.5 Replacement the Synchro Belt (1823C only) ............................................................... 7-3
7.6 Trackball Maintenance................................................................................................. 7-3
7.7 Simple Troubleshooting ............................................................................................... 7-4
7.7.1 General ............................................................................................................ 7-4
7.7.2 Radar ............................................................................................................... 7-4
7.7.3 Plotter............................................................................................................... 7-5
7.7.4 Sounder............................................................................................................ 7-6
7.8 Diagnostics.................................................................................................................. 7-7
7.8.1 Memory I/O test................................................................................................ 7-7
7.8.2 Test pattern..................................................................................................... 7-10
7.8.3 Keyboard, remote controller test......................................................................7-11
7.9 GPS Status Display ................................................................................................... 7-12
7.10 Cleaning Memories.................................................................................................. 7-13
7.11 Error Messages ....................................................................................................... 7-14
APPENDIX ........................................................................................................ A-1
Menu Overview ................................................................................................................. A-1
Geodetic Chart List.......................................................................................................... A-10
World Time Chart............................................................................................................. A-11
Icons ............................................................................................................................... A-12
SPECIFICATIONS........................................................................................... SP-1
INDEX..........................................................................................................Index-1
Declaration of Comformity
viii
FOREWORD
A Word to the Owner of the Model 1800C/1900C Series
Marine Radar, GD-1900C Color Video Plotter
FURUNO Electric Company thanks you for purchasing the Model 1800C/1900C Series
Marine Radar, GD-1900C Color Video Plotter. We are confident you will discover why the
FURUNO name has become synonymous with quality and reliability.
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
quality and reliability throughout the world. This dedication to excellence is furthered by our
extensive global network of agents and dealers.
Your equipment is designed and constructed to meet the rigorous demands of the marine
environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless properly
installed and maintained. Please carefully read and follow the operation and maintenance
procedures set forth in this manual.
We would appreciate feedback from you, the end-user, about whether we are achieving our
purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing FURUNO.
The example screens shown in this manual may not match the screens you see on your
display. The screen you see depends on your system configuration and equipment settings.
ix
Features
The 1800C/1900C series of radars and video plotters work within our new product-network
system called the “NavNet.” Each product has an IP address to communicate with NavNet
compatible products within the network, using TCP/IP protocol through an Ethernet
10BASE-T network.
The main features are as follows:
•
The 1800C/1900C series of radars and video plotters consists of the following models:
Model
Output
Range
Radar
Antenna
Marine Radar Model 1823C
2.2 kW
24 rpm
1.5 ft, Radome
Marine Radar Model 1833C
4 kW
36 nm
2 ft, Radome
Marine Radar Model 1933C
4 kW
48 nm
3.5 ft, Open
Marine Radar Model 1943C
6 kW
64 nm
4 ft, Open
Marine Radar Model 1953C
12 kW
72 nm
4/6 ft, Open
Color Video Plotter GD-1900C
—
—
—
•
Bright 10.4” screen visible even under direct sunlight.
•
User friendly operation with combination of discrete keys, soft keys, alphanumeric keys
and trackball.
•
Accepts FURUNO and Nav-charts™ (NAVIONICS) charts, or C-MAP NT/NT+ charts
(C-MAP), depending on specification.
All names mentioned above are registered trademarks of their respective
companies.
•
Fast chart redraw.
•
Built-in NavNet interface circuit board.
•
Video input (video recorder, CCD device, etc.) available with installation of optional PIP
Board.
•
12-channel GPS Receiver GP-310B with highly accurate position fixing optionally
available, GP-320B with WAAS capability.
•
User programmable function keys.
•
Video sounder picture available with connection of the optional Network Sounder
ETR-6/10N or ETR-30N.
•
Connected the optional facsimile receiver FAX-30 receives facsimile pictures and navtex
messages transmitted from facsimile and navtex stations.
•
Optional memory card interface unit CU-200.
x
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
All NavNet products incorporate a “network circuit board” to integrate each NavNet product
on board through an optional LAN cable (Ethernet 10BASE-T). Each NavNet product is
assigned an IP address to enable transfer of images between other NavNet products. For
example, video plotter pictures can be transferred to a radar and vice versa. Pictures
received via the NavNet may be adjusted at the receiving end.
The number of display units which may be installed depends on the number of network
sounder connected. For a system incorporating three or more products, a “hub” is required
to process data.
For one network sounder: one radar and three plotters, or four plotters
For two network sounder: one radar and two plotters, or four plotters
NavNet system (Model 1823C/1833C/1933C/1943C/1953C)
MODEL1823C
Antenna Unit
MODEL
1953C
MODEL
1933C
GPS receiver
GP-310B/320B
MODEL
1943C
MODEL
1833C
Echo sounder
Navigator
Power Supply
Unit PSU-005
Display unit
RDP-138*/139
Memory card
interface unit CU-200
External buzzer
PC
Echo sounder
VGA monitor
Remote display
Video equipment
12 VDC
Heading
sensor
Rectifier
RU-3423
Facsimile
Receiver
FAX-30
100/110/115/220/230 VAC 12 - 24 VDC**
1φ, 50/60 Hz**
*: Not available for MODEL 1953C.
**: The power for the power supply unit
and display unit must be drawn from
the same power source.
Network
Sounder
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
Other NavNet unit
(GD-1900C etc.)
NavNet system (Model 1823C/1833C/1933C/1943C/1953C)
xi
Single-unit NavNet system (GD-1900C)
GPS receiver
GP-310B/320B
External buzzer
PC
Echo sounder
VGA monitor
Remote display
Video equipment
Remote
Controller
RMC-100
Memory card
interface unit CU-200
Display unit
RDP-138/139
12 VDC
Echosounder
Navigator
Other NavNet Unit
(Model 1833C, etc.)
Network
Sounder
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
Facsimile
Receiver
FAX-30
Rectifier
PR-62
12 - 24 VDC
100/110/115/220/230 VAC
1φ, 50/60 Hz
: Standard
: Option
Single-unit NavNet system (GD-1900C)
xii
Two-unit NavNet system
Radar Antenna Unit
OR
GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B
Radar Antenna Unit
OR
GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B
RADAR
or
PLOTTER
RADAR
or
PLOTTER
Radar, plotter data
Radar, plotter data
Two-unit NavNet system
Three-or-more-unit NavNet system (Max. 4 display unit and one network sounder
capable display units)
Radar Antenna Unit
OR
GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B
Radar Antenna Unit
OR
GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B
RADAR
or
PLOTTER
RADAR
or
PLOTTER
Radar data
Plotter data
HUB
Sounder data
Sounder data
Note: The picture disappears
10 seconds after the NavNet
cable is disconnected from a
"sub" NavNet display unit.
Facsimile data
Network Sounder
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
(option)
Facsimile
Receiver
FAX-30
(option)
Network Sounder
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
(option)
Three-or-more-unit NavNet system
xiii
WHAT IS WAAS?
WAAS, available in North America, is a provider in the worldwide SBAS (Satellite
Based Augmentation System) navigation system. SBAS provides GPS signal
corrections to SBAS users, for even better position accuracy, typically better
than three meters. Two more SBAS providers are also currently under
development, MSAS (Multi-Functional Satellite Augmentation System) for Japan
and EGNOS (Euro Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) for Europe. All
provides will be compatible with one another, thus providing “seamless” position
fixes to SBAS users.
150°W
120°W
90°W
60°W
30°W
0
30°E
60°E
90°E
120°E
150°E
60°N
60°N
40°N
EGNOS
MSAS
40°N
20°N
20°N
122
0
120
134
131
0
WAAS
20°S
20°S
40°S
40°S
60°S
60°S
150°W
120°W
Satellite, Region
120, AOR-E
122, AOR-W
131, IOR
134, POR
90°W
60°W
30°W
0
30°E
60°E
90°E
120°E
150°E
Initial operation time
Position
15.5°W
54°W
64.5°E
178°E
WAAS: 2003
EGNOS: 2004
MSAS: 2005
At the time of this software release, SBAS is still under development (Providers
are expected to have initial operations capability from the times shown above.)
During this developmental period, which may last for several years, there is no
guarantee of the accuracy, integrity, continuity, or availability of the SBAS signal.
Furuno will accept no responsibility for the use of the signal for other than the
above stated purpose. It is the user’s responsibility to exercise common
prudence and navigational judgment while using the SBAS signal.
Note: This manual uses “WAAS” when referring to any SBAS provider.
xiv
1.
OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
This chapter provides the basic information needed to get you started using your
radar, video plotter. The following topics are presented:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Control overview
Chart card insertion
Power on/off
Brilliance and hue adjustments
Display selection
MOB (Man OverBoard) mark entry
Data boxes
Function keys
Simulation display
NOTICE
The brilliance of the LCD is adjustable
to match a wide variety of lighting
conditions. However, its maximum
setting may not be sufficiently bright
to permit viewing of the display with
polarized sunglasses.
The high-resolution model may show
afterglow after several hours of continuous use in the same mode. This is
not a sign of malfunction.
1-1
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1
Operating Controls
1.1.1
Display unit controls
Overview of display unit controls
The radar, video plotter, sounder and chart systems are operated with the
controls of the display unit (and the remote controller). Ten keys are labeled and
they provide the function shown on their labels. The five soft keys provide
various functions according to current operating mode. The [ENTER] knob
mainly functions to register selections on the menu and adjust the EBL, VRM
and gain. The trackball’s main function is to move the cursor across the screen.
When you correctly execute an operation, the unit generates a beep. Invalid
operation causes the unit to emit three beeps.
Trackball*
Shifts cursor EBL/VRM and
cursor; selects menu items and options.
Displays the mode
selection window.
Opens/closes the alarm menu.
Clears data; erases selected mark.
Opens/closes the main menu.
Selects a range.
Momentary press:
Registers own ship's
position as a waypoint.
Press three seconds:
Marks man overboard
position.
Soft keys
Shows or hides the soft
keys, function keys,
nav data alternately.
ABC
1
DEF
2
GHI
3
JKL
4
MNO
5
PQR
6
STU
7
VWX
8
YZ&
9
EBL
VRM
_'#
0
GAIN
ENTER knob
Push: Registers setting.
Rotate: Adjusts, gain, VRM, EBL, etc.;
selects menu items and options. May also
be used to enter alphanumeric data.
Enter alphanumeric data.
Radar: Displays the soft keys for adjustment of
gain, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and FTC (Model 1700
series radar only).
Sounder: Adjusts gain.
Long press: Turns power off.
Momentary press: Turns the power on;
opens the display for adjustment of brilliance
and hue; shows RADAR STBY/TX soft key.
Chart drive
Displays soft keys for EBL/VRM.
*: When it has been some time since the trackball was last operated, the cursor may not track the
movement of the trackball. In this case, move the trackball rapidly and then finely.
Control unit
1-2
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Soft keys
The function of the five soft keys changes according to the operation. Their
labels for their current functions are shown on the screen to the left of the keys.
To hide or show the soft keys, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key. Each press of the
key shows preset soft keys, user function keys or turns off navigation information
(at the top of the screen).
SOFT
KEYS
Display unit
Some soft keys show the current station of the soft key function in reverse video
as shown below.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
TRAIL
TRAIL
ON /OFF
359.9°M
19.9 kt
16.0nm
TRIP
NU
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
TRAIL
TIME
MODE
NTH UP
GRAD
SINGLE
NAV
POS
TRAIL
COLOR
RETURN
WP-002
D. BOX
ON/OFF
FISH
BRIDGE
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Current option shown in reverse video
Radar Display
Plotter Display
Radar and plotter displays
1-3
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1.2
Remote controller
SAVE
RANGE
MOB
DISP
ABC
1
DEF
2
GHI
3
JKL
4
MNO
5
PQR
6
STU
7
VWX
8
YZ&
9
’# 0
EBL/VRM
WPT
Operating distance
90°: Up to 5 m
±45°: Up to 3 m
Replace the batteries (AA) when the
distance from which the display
unit can be operated shortens.
Note: The remote controller may
become damaged if dropped.
Mishandling of the remote
controller is not covered by
the warranty.
GAIN
CENTER
MARK
ENT
CNTL
ENT
MENU
CLEAR
BRILL
SK1
TONE
SK2
TX/STBY
ACQ
ALARM
HIDE/SHOW
SK3
SK4
SK5
Remote controller
Key
RANGE
DISP
SAVE MOB
Ten keys
EBL/VRM
GAIN
WPT
MARK ENT
CENTER
CNTL
1-4
Function
Same as RANGE key on
display unit.
Same as DISP key on
display unit.
Same as SAVE/MOB key on
display unit.
Enter alphanumerics.
Same as EBL/VRM key on
display unit.
Same as GAIN key on
display unit.
Displays “alphabet” WPT list
on plotter display.
Same as MARK ENTRY soft
key.
Returns own ship to screen
center on plotter display.
Switches control between
displays on combination
displays.
Key
ENT
CLEAR
MENU
BRILL
TONE
TX/STBY
ACQ
ALARM
HIDE/SHOW
SK1 – SK5
(soft keys)
.
Function
Same as ENTER knob on
display unit.
Same as CLEAR key on
display unit.
Same as MENU key on
display unit.
Adjusts display brilliance.
Not used.
Toggles radar between
standby and transmit.
Acquires radar target.
(Requires radar source
equipped with ARP.)
Same as ALARM key on the
display unit.
Same as HIDE/SHOW key
on display unit.
Same as soft keys on display
unit.
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.2
Inserting a Chart Card
Your unit reads FURUNO and Nav-Charts™ (NAVIONICS) chart cards, or
C-MAP chart cards, depending on the type of display unit you have. Insert the
appropriate chart card for your area as follows:
1. Open the chart drive.
Chart drive
Display unit
Card drive
Memory card interface unit
(option)
2. Insert desired chart card groove side up.
3. Close the lid to protect the chart drive.
Note 1: Do not remove a card while the chart is being drawn. This may cause
the equipment to freeze.
Note 2: Do not insert or remove a card while the power is on. This may cause
the equipment to freeze.
Note 3: For multiple display units, do not use the same chart card type in more
than one display unit.
Note 4: A card remover is supplied to ease removal of chart cards. Attach the
card remover to the right-hand side hole of the card and pull it to remove
the card. You can leave the remover attached to the card while the card
is in the chart drive. Push the remover leftward until it contacts the
recessed area on the card.
Chart card and card remover
1-5
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.3
Turning the Unit On/Off
Press the [POWER/BRILL] key to turn the unit on. A beep sounds and the
equipment proceeds in the sequence shown below, displaying product
information, startup test results and the chart usage disclaimer. The startup test
checks the ROM, RAM, internal battery and backup data for proper operation,
displaying the results for each as OK or NG (No Good). If NG appears an
appropriate message appears on the screen. For any NG, try to press any key to
go to the chart disclaimer screen, then perform the diagnostic test as shown in
the paragraph “7.6 Diagnostics.”
Chart List
* = "GD-1900C Plotter" for GD-1900C
#= Name determined at installation.
Host Name
RADAR PLOTTER*
STATION NAME:
RADAR#
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
CHARTS AVAILABLE
** = Program version no. for
FURUNO/NAVIONICS
model. 19500010XX for C-MAP model.
XX = program version no.
STARTUP TEST
Î
ROM
RAM
BACKUP DATA
INTERNAL BATTERY
LICENSE NO.
OK
OK
OK
OK
Î
NO NATIONAL HYDROGRAPHIC
OFFICE HAS VERIFIED THE
INFORMATION IN THIS
COASTLINE DATA CARD AND NONE
ACCEPT LIABILITY FOR THE
ACCURACY OF REPRODUCTION OR
ANY MODIFICATIONS MADE
THEREAFTER. THIS PRODUCT WITH
THIS COASTLINE DATA CARD
DOES NOT REPLACE THE
REQUIREMENT TO USE THE
APPROPRIATE PRODUCTS FOR
NAVIGATION ACCORDING TO
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL
REGULATIONS.
PROGRAM No. 19500020XX**
Startup sequence
For start up with the radar display, the magnetron takes from one minute to
two minutes and thirty seconds (depending on radar model) to warm up before
the radar can be operated. The time remaining for warming up of the magnetron
is counted down at the center of the display.
You may press any key at the chart disclaimer screen to show the last-used
display, or wait several seconds to let the equipment do it for you.
To turn the unit off, press and hold down the [POWER/BRILL] key until the
screen goes dark (approx. 3 sec.). To protect the LCD attach the hard cover.
Note that the network sounder will be turned off approx. three minutes after
turning off the power.
Note: The first time you turn on the power (or any time the power is applied after
a memory reset), you are asked if you want to start the simulation mode,
which provides simulated operation of the equipment. Push the [ENTER]
knob to start the simulation mode, or press the [CLEAR] key to start
normal operation. For further details about the simulation mode, see the
paragraph “1.10 Simulation Display.”
1-6
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.4
Display Brilliance, Panel Brilliance, Hue
You can adjust display brilliance, panel brilliance and hue as shown below.
1.4.1
Display brilliance, panel brilliance
1. Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily. A set of soft keys for adjustment
of brilliance and hue appear.
Active soft key is highlighted.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
BRILL
CONTST
DISPLY
BRILL
359.9°M
19.9 kt
16.0nm
BRILL NU
TRIP
CONTST
99.9 nm
DISPLY
BRILL
PANEL
BRILL
PANEL
BRILL
HUE
HUE
RADAR
STBY
DISPLAY BRILLIANCE
8
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Radar Display
WP-002
RADAR
STBY
FISH
DISPLAYBRIDGE
BRILLIANCE
8
RETURN
Plotter Display
Brilliance adjustment soft keys
2. Press the DISPLY BRILL or PANEL BRILL soft key as appropriate. An
adjustment window appears at the bottom of the screen. This window shows
the name of the item selected for adjustment plus current brilliance level, by
bar graph.
DISPLAY BRILLIANCE
8
Display brilliance
PANEL BRILLIANCE
8
Panel brilliance
Display brilliance and panel brilliance windows
3. Adjust the [ENTER] knob, clockwise to raise the setting or counterclockwise
to decrease it. You may also use the soft key pressed at step 2. Eight levels
of display brilliance and panel brilliance are available.
4. Hit the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note 1: If the unit is turned off with minimum brilliance, the screen will be dark at
the next power-up. Press the [POWER/BRILL] key consecutively to
adjust the brilliance.
Note 2: This equipment does not have a contrast control.
1-7
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.4.2
Hue
You may select the colors for the radar, plotter and overlay displays as below.
1. Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily.
2. Press the HUE soft key to show the hue setting window.
HUE
▲
¡ DAY
¡ NIGHT
¡ TWILIGHT
¤ MANUAL SET
▼
Hue window
3. Operate the trackball to select hue desired, referring to the table below.
MANUAL SET follows the color settings on the CHART DETAILS menu for
the plotter and the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu for the radar.
Night
Characters
Red
Day
Black
Radar ring
Radar echo
Background
Landmass (plotter)
Red
Orange
Black
Light-Yellow
Green*
Red
White
Yellow
Twilight
Green
Green*
Yellow
Blue
Light-Yellow
* = Red on C-MAP display unit.
4. Hit the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: When using the overlay screen, the own ship track will be hidden if the
radar background and own ship track are blue and the “MANUAL SET”
hue setting is used. In this case, set HUE to other position and then return
to “MANUAL” to show the own ship track in black.
1-8
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5
Selecting a Display
1.5.1
Display modes
If you have a radar, navigator, network sounder and external video source (video
recorder, etc., optional PIP board required) six full-screen displays are available:
radar, plotter, echo sounder, nav data, overlay, and external video. In addition to
the full-screen display, you can divide the screen into halves and thirds to show
two and three sets of images on a combination display.
Full screen
(radar)
Combination screen
(radar + plotter)
Overlay screen
(plotter + radar only,
Requires L/L data)
Display screens
The table below shows the displays available with each screen type.
Screen type and available display screen
Full screen
Plotter, radar, sounder,
nav data, external
video, overlay
Combination screen options
(half- or thirds-screen)
Plotter, radar, sounder,
compass, highway,
compass/highway, nav data,
overlay, external video
Overlay screen
options
Radar + plotter
1-9
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.2
Selecting a display
1. Press the [DISP] key to show the display selection window. The icons of
modes not available are shaded. HOTPAGE 1-HOTPAGE 6 are
user-arrangeable displays called “hot pages,” which you can configure as you
like. For further details, see the paragraph “5.6 Hot Page Setup.”
Selected
item
RADAR
PLOTTER SOUNDER NAV DATA OVERLAY EXT VIDEO
WX FAX
Basic display
screens
Hot pages
HOTPAGE 1 HOTPAGE 2
HOTPAGE 3
HOTPAGE 4
HOTPAGE 5 HOTPAGE 6
· TURN KNOB TO SELECT MODE
AND PUSH KNOB TO ENTER.
· PUSH ANY SOFT KEY TO
SELECT IMAGE SOURCE.
Display screen selection window
Note: “WX FAX” is available only when the facsimile receiver FAX-30 is
connected. If “AUX SOURCE IS DISCONNECTED. PUSH ENT KNOB TO
EXIT.” appears, press the [ENTER] knob and select other item.
2. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select a basic display screen or a hot page
screen.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob.
4. If you selected a basic display screen, a group of appropriate combination
displays appear. In the example below, the radar combination screens are
shown. When WX FAX is selected at step 2, a combination display does not
appear.
PUSH ENTER KNOB.
Radar combination screen selection window
5. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select display desired.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to finish.
1-10
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.3
Switching control in combination and overlay screens
A soft key is provided in relevant combination and overlay screens to switch
control between displays. In the example below, the PLOTTR CNTRL and SNDR
CNTRL soft keys enable switching control between the plotter and sounder
screens in the plotter/sounder combination display.
0’33"
34° 22. 3456’N 359.9°M TRIP NU
080° 22. 3456’E 19.9 kt 99.9 nm
0
MARK
ENTRY
40.0
16.0nm
50
100
150
97
WP-002
MODE
NTH UP
NAV
POS
PLOTTR
CNTRL
200
50k
FISH
Plotter display selected
PLOTTR
CNTRL
SNDR
CNTRL
To adjust
sounder
To adjust
plotter
0’33"
34° 22. 3456’N 359.9°M TRIP NU
080° 22. 3456’E 19.9 kt 99.9 nm
0
SHIFT
40.0
16.0nm
50
100
MODE
FREQ
50 /200
DISPLAY
MODE
150
SNDR
CNTRL
97
WP-002
FISH
200
50k
Sounder display selected
How to switch control between modes in the plotter/sounder combination display
1-11
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.4
Selecting image source
When more than one network radar or network sounder is connected to the
equipment, you may select an image source for each as shown below. This is
not necessary when only one network radar or network sounder is connected.
1. Press the [DISP] key.
2. Press any soft key to show the following display.
▲
RADAR SOURCE
SOUNDER SOURCE
AUX SOURCE
IP ADDRESS
HOST NAME
RADAR - - SOUNDERWXFAX - - 172.031.003.003
RADAR - - -
IF THERE IS MORE THAN
ONE NETWORK RADAR OR
ECHO SOUNDER, YOU MAY
SELECT THE IMAGE
SOURCES FOR DISPLAY.
SELECT
SOURCE
EDIT
RETURN
Select source menu
3. Use the trackball to select RADAR SOURCE, SOUNDER SOURCE or AUX
SOURCE as appropriate, then press the EDIT key.
RADAR SOURCE
SOUNDER SOURCE
AUX SOURCE
RADAR - - -
SOUNDER-
WXFAX- - - - -
Radar source
Sounder source
Aux source
Radar source and sounder source windows
4. Use the trackball and alphanumeric keys to enter source name: Adjust the
trackball to select location and enter character with the alphanumeric keys.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to set.
6. Press the [DISP] key to finish.
7. Turn the power off and on again.
Note: Source names are determined at installation. For example, the source
names for radars in a two radar system might be “RADAR” and
“RADAR1”.
1-12
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.6
Trackball, Cursor
The trackball functions to shift the cursor, for measurement of range and bearing
to a location (radar) and latitude and longitude position (plotter). Roll the
trackball to shift the cursor. The cursor moves in the direction of trackball
rotation.
Cursor
3nm
319. 9°M
12/LP
H-UP
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
ZOOM &
D. BOX
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Cursor Data
Bearing from own ship to cursor
Range from own ship to cursor
Radar Display
Cursor data
L/L position,
Range and
bearing from
own ship to
cursor
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
272.4°M
15.9 nm
16.0nm
TRIP
NU
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
NTH UP
CENTER
Cursor
WP-002
GO TO
CURSOR
FISH
BRIDGE
D. BOX
ON/OFF
Plotter Display
Cursor, cursor data
1-13
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.7
Entering the MOB Mark, Setting MOB as
Destination
The MOB (Man Overboard) mark functions to mark man overboard position. You
can inscribe this mark from any mode, except while playing back data or
conducting any test. Note that this function requires position data.
MOB
mark
M
(MOB)
Range, bearing
Man
overboad
Current
position
M 162.5°M
O
B 0.49 nm
MOB Data Box
Bearing and range
to MOB position
MOB concept
1. Press and hold down the [SAVE/MOB] key for about three seconds when
someone falls overboard. The display shows the waypoint number being
saved (youngest empty waypoint number, 001-999) followed by the MOB
confirmation window.
Time remaining is counted down while pressing the [SAVE/MOB] key.
WAYPOINT SAVED!
XXXWPT
CONTINUE PUSHING
FOR MOB!
XXX = Waypoint number
CONTINUE PUSHING
FOR MOB!
XX SEC
MAN OVER BOARD!
GO TO MOB?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
XX = Time remaining is counted down.
MOB mark messages
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to select the MOB position as the destination, or
press the [CLEAR] key to only mark current ship’s position as a waypoint. If
you select the MOB position as destination;
• A full-screen radar, plotter or overlay appears depending on the display in
use.
• The MOB mark “MOB” appears at the MOB position and a light-blue line
runs between it and current position. This line shows the shortest course to
the MOB position.
• Range and bearing to the MOB position are shown in the MOB data box.
To erase an MOB mark from the plotter display, you must first erase its
corresponding waypoint. Place the cursor on the MOB mark, then press the
[CLEAR] key followed by pushing the [ENTER] knob to erase the waypoint. Then,
1-14
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.8
Data Boxes
Data boxes, providing navigation data, may be shown on any full-screen display.
Up to six data boxes (two in case of large characters) may be shown, and the
default data boxes are position (in latitude and longitude), course over ground,
speed over ground and trip log. The user may choose which data to display,
where to locate it, and show or hide it as desired. In addition, data boxes may be
set independently for each display mode (plotter, radar, sounder). For how to
select data for the data boxes, see the paragraph “5.5 Data Boxes Setup.”
12/LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
TRIP LOG
Data
boxes
177nm
POSITION
47°58.535'N
122°36.496'W
COG
SOG
323.6°M
ZOOM &
D. BOX
20.0 kt
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Radar Display
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M
19.9 kt
TRIP
NU
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
16.0nm
MODE
NTH UP
NAV
POS
WP-002
Data
boxes
FISH
D. BOX
ON/OFF
TRIP LOG
177nm
POSITION
47°58.535'N
122°36.496'W
COG
323.6°M
SOG
20.0 kt
Plotter Display
Data boxes
1.8.1
Showing, hiding data boxes with soft key
Plotter: D. BOX ON/OFF
Radar: ZOOM & D. BOX → D. BOX ON/OFF (EBL/VRM data box, cursor data
box also shown/hidden)
Sounder: AUTO/D. BOX→D. BOX ON/OFF
1-15
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.8.2
Rearranging data boxes
You may select the location for data boxes as follows:
1. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move. As
the cursor enters the box it changes to a hand. Push the [ENTER] knob, and
the hand changes to a fist, meaning the box is correctly selected.
2. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
1.8.3
Temporarily erasing a data box
If a data box is obscuring a desired object you may temporarily erase the box.
Use the trackball to place the cursor inside the data box you wish to erase, then
press the [CLEAR] key. To redisplay the box, press the D. BOX soft key twice to
display it.
1-16
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.9
Function Keys
The function keys provide for one-touch execution of a desired function. The
default function key settings are as shown in the table below.
Function
Key
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
1.9.1
Default Setting, Key Label
Radar
Plotter
Sounder
Heading line on/off, HL Track on/off, TRK
TLL output, TLL
Rings on/off, RNG
Edit mark/line, EML
Clutter, CLT
Echo trail, TRL
Ruler, RUL
Signal level, SLV
Offcenter, OFC
Add new waypoint,
Noise limiter, NL
ADD
STBY/TX, TX
Waypoint
Picture advance, PA
alphanumeric list, ALP
Executing a function
1. Press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to replace the preset soft key labels with the
function key labels.
12/LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
H
L
R
N
G
T
R
L
O
F
C
Function
keys
T
X
+359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Radar Display
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M
19.9 kt
TRIP
16.0 nm
002WP
NU
99.9nm
FISH
BRIDGE
T
R
K
E
M
L
R
U
L
A
D
D
A
L
P
Function
keys
Plotter Display
Function keys
1-17
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
2. Press function key desired.
Note: Function keys can be individually programmed for the plotter, radar and
sounder displays. For further details see the following:
Radar: paragraph 5.2.3
Plotter: paragraph 5.3.2
Sounder: paragraph 5.9.4
1.10
Simulation Display
The simulation display, for use by service technicians for demonstration
purposes, provides simulated operation to help acquaint you with the many
features your unit has to offer. It allows you to view and control a simulated
plotter, radar and sounder picture, without position-fixing equipment, network
radar or a network sounder. Most controls are operative, thus you may practice
setting destination, enter waypoints, measure range and bearing to a target, etc.
S
The simulation icon ( I M ) appears when any simulation mode is active.
To start the simulation display;
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP and SIMULATION
SETUP soft keys in that order.
RADAR
LIVE
PLOTTER
LIVE
SOUNDER
LIVE
SPEED
00.0kt
COURSE
000.0°
LATITUDE
45°35.000’N
LONGITUDE
125°00.000’W
START DATE & TIME
00:00 01.APR.00
SIM
SETUP
EDIT
RADAR SIMULATION DATA NO
RETURN
Simulation setup menu
3. Follow appropriate procedure on the next several pages.
1-18
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Radar
NavNet display unit-generated echoes
1. Select RADAR, then press the EDIT soft key.
RADAR
▲
¡ SIMULATION 1
¡ SIMULATION 2
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION 1, then push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
NavNet radar antenna-generated echoes (not available with the GD-1900C)
1. Select RADAR SIMULATION DATA, then press the EDIT soft key.
2. Select YES, then push the [ENTER] knob to erase simulation data and get
new data. The message “Now getting demo data. Do not turn off display
unit.” appears while the unit is receiving radar data.
Note: If the network radar could not be found “Radar source is not found.
Cannot get demo data.” appears. And if the radar is not active, the
message “Radar is not active. Cannot get demo data.” is displayed.
Check that the radar is plugged in and its signal cable is firmly
fastened.
3. Select RADAR, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Select SIMULATION 2, then push the [ENTER] knob.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Plotter
1. Select PLOTTER, then press the EDIT soft key.
PLOTTER
▲
¡ SIMULATION
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION, then push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Select SPEED, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Enter speed (setting range, 0-99 kt, default speed, 0 kt) with the
alphanumeric keys, then push the [ENTER] knob.
5. Select COURSE, then press the EDIT key.
6. Select “8 FIGURE” to trace the simulated ship’s track in a figure-eight course,
or enter your own course at DIRECTION. To enter course, use the trackball
to select digit, and enter value with the alphanumeric keys.
7. Press the ENTER soft key.
8. Select LATITUDE, then press the EDIT soft key.
9. Enter latitude (setting range, 85°N-85°S, default setting, 45°35.000’N), then
push the [ENTER] knob.
10. Select LONGITUDE, then press the EDIT soft key.
1-19
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
11. Enter longitude (setting range, 180°E-180°W, default setting, 125°00.000’W),
then push the [ENTER] knob.
12. Select START DATE & TIME, then press the EDIT soft key.
13. Enter start date and time, then push the [ENTER] knob.
14. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Sounder
1. Select SOUNDER, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOUNDER
▲
¡ SIMULATION 1
¡ SIMULATION 2
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION 1 (internally generated echoes) or SIMULATION 2
(network sounder-generated echoes), then push the [ENTER] knob.
Note: The depth, shift, bottom-zoom, bottom-lock and bottom discrimination
cannot be shown at SIMULATION 1 mode.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
1-20
2.
RADAR OPERATION
This chapter covers radar operation, including the ARP (Auto Plotter) function.
ARP requires a Model 1800/1900 series network radar equipped with the ARP
circuit board.
2.1
Radar Display
Guard zone 2
North marker
(Head-up, Course-up mode)
Cursor
Range/
range ring
interval
Pulselength
Presentation
mode
Alarm icon
EBL1
Battery icon
Simulation
mode
Guard zone 1
Range ring
Heading line
12/ LP3nm
H-UP
SI
Heading
M: Magnetic
T: True
319. 9°M
M
TRAIL 30m
02m30s
G1 IN
G2 OUT
ES 2
EAV L
IR L
VRM2
EBL2
Own ship vector
(ARP-equipped model,
true vector mode)
VRM1
Zoom area
EBL1 bearing
VRM1 range
Trail time
Trail elapsed time
Guard zone 1
Guard zone 2
Echo stretch
Echo averaging
Interference rejector
Zoom
window
EBL1
VRM1
27.0°R
5.666nm
EBL2
VRM2
+ 359.9 ˚R
327.1°R
11.70nm
8.212nm
EBL2 bearing, VRM2 range
Cursor range
and bearing
(Cursor position may
also be shown, in
L/L or Loran C TD.)
Radar display
2-1
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.2
Transmitting, Stand-by
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Confirm that the network radar is plugged in.
Press the [DISP] key to select a radar display.
Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily.
Press the RADAR STBY soft key to highlight TX on its label.
Press the RETURN soft key.
When the radar picture is not required, but you want keep it in a state of
readiness, press the RADAR TX soft key to highlight STBY on its label.
2.3
Tuning
The radar receiver can be tuned automatically or manually, and the default
tuning method is automatic. If you require manual tuning, do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Select TUNING, then press the EDIT soft key.
TUNING
¤ AUTO
¡ MAN
Tuning bar
Tuning window
4. Choose MAN.
5. Adjust the [ENTER] knob until the tuning bar is at its longest position.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: If the auto setting does not provide satisfactory tuning, ask your dealer
how to re-adjust tuning.
2.4
Adjusting the Gain
The [GAIN] key adjusts the gain sensitivity of the radar receiver. It works in a
manner similar to that of volume control of a broadcast receiver, which amplifies
received signals.
The proper setting is such that the background noise is just visible on the screen.
If your gain setting is too low, weak echoes may be missed. On the other hand,
excessive gain yields too much background noise; strong targets may be missed
because of the poor contrast between desired echoes and the background noise
on the display.
To adjust the receiver sensitivity, transmit on long range, and then do the
following:
2-2
2. RADAR OPERATION
1. Press the [GAIN] key to show the “gain adjustment” soft keys, and the
last-used adjustment window appears. The example below shows the gain
sensitivity adjustment window. The gain soft keys shown depend on radar
source as shown below.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
GAIN
ADJUST
319. 9°M
GAIN
ADJUST
GAIN
GAIN
A/C
A/C
SEA
SEA
A/C
RAIN
A/C
RAIN
GAIN SENSITIVITY
¤ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ MAN
GAIN SENSITIVITY
FTC
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
0
¤ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ MAN
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
0
A/C AT
ON /OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
11.70nm
Model 1800/1900 series
Model 1700 series
Gain adjustment soft keys
2. Press the GAIN soft key to show the gain sensitivity setting window.
GAIN SENSITIVITY
¤ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ MAN
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
0
Gain sensitivity window
3. Use the trackball to select AUTO ROUGH, AUTO MODERATE, AUTO CALM,
or MAN (manual) as appropriate. Select an AUTO option according to the
sea state.
4. For manual adjustment, rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust, while observing
the radar echo. The range of adjustment is 0-100.
5. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or the RETURN soft key to finish.
Adjusting the FTC (When the radar source is the 1700 series radar)
To suppress rain clutter from heavy storms or scattered rain clutter, adjust the
FTC.
In addition to reducing clutter, the FTC can be used in fine weather to clarify the
picture when navigating in confined waters. However, with the circuit active the
receiver is less sensitive. Therefore, turn off the FTC, by setting it for “0”, when
its function is not required.
1. Press the [GAIN] key.
2. Press the FTC soft key to show the FTC window.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust. The range of adjustment is 0-100(%). Do
not overadjust the FTC – weak target echoes may be missed.
4. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or RETURN soft key to finish.
2-3
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.5
Reducing Sea Clutter
2.5.1
How the A/C SEA works
Echoes from waves can be troublesome, covering the central part of the display
with random signals known as “sea clutter”. The higher the waves and the higher
the antenna above the water, the further the clutter will extend. Sea clutter may
affect radar performance because real targets are sometimes hidden by the
echoes of small waves. (See the left-hand figure in the figure below.) When sea
clutter masks the picture, adjust the A/C SEA to reduce the clutter.
The A/C SEA reduces the amplification of echoes at short ranges (where clutter
is the greatest) and progressively increases amplification as the range increases,
so amplification will be normal at those ranges where there is no sea clutter.
Sea clutter at
screen center
A/C SEA adjusted;
sea clutter suppressed
Effect of A/C SEA
2.5.2
Adjusting the A/C SEA
A/C SEA should be adjusted so that the clutter is broken up into small dots, and
small targets become distinguishable.
1. Press the [GAIN] key.
2. Press the A/C SEA soft key to show the A/C SEA setting window.
A/C SEA
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¤ MAN
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
A/C SEA
0
0
Model 1700 series radar
Model 1800/1900 series radar
A/C SEA setting window
3. When the radar source is the Model 1700 series, use the trackball to
select AUTO ROUGH, AUTO MODERATE, AUTO CALM, or MAN (manual)
as appropriate. Select an AUTO option according to the sea state.
4. For manual adjustment, rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust. The range of
adjustment is 0-100. Do not overadjust – weak echoes may be missed.
2-4
2. RADAR OPERATION
5. When the radar source is the Model 1800/1900 series, A/C SEA and A/C
RAIN can be automatically adjusted. Press the A/C AT ON/OFF soft key to
select ON or OFF as appropriate. When turned on, it overrides A/C SEA and
A/C RAIN settings.
6. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or RETURN soft key to finish.
2.6
Reducing Precipitation Clutter
The vertical beamwidth of the antenna is designed to see surface targets even
when the ship is rolling. However, by this design the unit will also detect
precipitation clutter (rain, snow, hail, etc.) in the same manner as normal targets.
Precipitation clutter shows as random dots on the screen.
2.6.1
Adjusting the A/C RAIN
When echoes from precipitation mask solid targets, adjust the A/C RAIN to split
up these unwanted echoes into a speckled pattern, making recognition of solid
targets easier.
1. Press the [GAIN] key.
2. Press the A/C RAIN soft key to show the A/C RAIN window.
A/C RAIN
0
A/C RAIN setting window
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust the A/C RAIN. The current level is shown
on the A/C RAIN level bar in the A/C RAIN window, and the range of
adjustment is 0 to 100(%). Do not overadjust – weak echoes may be missed.
4. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or RETURN soft key to finish.
2-5
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.7
Range Scale
The range setting determines the size of the area (in nautical miles) that will
appear on your display. In addition, the range setting will also automatically
adjust the range ring interval so that accurate range measurements may be
made while operating on any range setting.
The range, range ring interval and pulselength appear at the top left-hand corner
of the display.
Press the [RANGE (+ or -)] key to change the range scale.
Range scales (nm, sm)
Range
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
12 16
24
36
48
64
72
Ring
Interval
0.0625
0.125
0.125
0.25
0.25
0.5
0.5
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
12
12
16
18
No. of
Rings
2
2
4
3
4
3
4
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
Range scales (km)
Range
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4 6 8
12
16 24 36 48
64
72
Ring Interval
0.125
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.5
0.5
1
1 2 2
3
4
6
12 12
16
18
No. of Rings
2
2
3
4
3
4
3
4 3 4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
Note 1: Maximum range depends on the network radar as shown below.
Model 1722/1722C/1823C: 24 nm
Model 1732/1732C/1742/1742C/1833/1833C: 36 nm
Model 1762/1762C/1933/1933C: 48 nm
Model 1943/1943C: 64 nm
Model 1953C: 72 nm
Note 2: You may choose which ranges to use from the RADAR RANGE SETUP
menu. For details see paragraph 5.2.2. This function is not available
with the GD-1900C.
2-6
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.8
Pulselength
The pulselength in use is displayed at the upper left corner of the display.
Appropriate pulselengths are preset to individual range scales. Therefore, you
are not usually required to select them. If you are not satisfied with the current
pulselength setting, however, it is possible to change it for the ranges shown
below. Generally, select a longer pulse for longer detection range and shorter
pulse for better range discrimination.
1.5 nm, 1.5 sm, 3 km: Short pulse, medium pulse
3 nm, 3 sm, 6 km: Medium pulse, long pulse
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
SIGNAL
PROCESS
I. REJ
OFF
E. AVG
OFF
PULSE
E. STR
OFF
Shown when radar
source is the Model
1800/1900 series
radar. Not shown
otherwise.
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Signal process soft keys
3. Choose the 1.5 nm or 3 nm with the RANGE key.
4. Press the PULSE soft key to select the pulselength setting. SHORT or
MEDIUM for 1.5 nm, 1.5 sm, 3 km and MEDIUM or LONG for 3 nm, 3 sm,
6 km.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-7
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.9
Presentation Mode
This unit provides four radar presentation modes: head-up, course-up, north-up
and true motion.
Heading data is required for modes other than head-up.
2.9.1
Selecting a presentation mode
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key to show the RADAR DISPLAY soft keys.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
RADAR
DISPLAY
MODE
HD UP
SHIFT
RINGS
HIGH
HL
OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Radar display soft keys
3. Press the MODE soft key. Each pressing of the key changes the presentation
mode and the presentation mode indication in the sequence of North-up,
True Motion, Head-up, and Course-up.
Function
Indicator on display
Soft key label
North-up
N-UP
NTH UP
True Motion
TR-M
TRUE M
Head-up
H-UP
HD UP
Course-up
C-UP
CSE UP
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: When heading data is lost, the presentation mode automatically goes to
head-up, the heading indication at the screen top shows “- - -.-°” and the
audio alarm sounds. Press the [ALARM] key to acknowledge the alarm.
The message “HEADING DATA MISSING” appears. Restore compass
signal to show heading indication. Use the MODE soft key to select
presentation mode if necessary. The audio alarm may be silenced with the
[CLEAR] key.
2-8
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.9.2
Description of presentation modes
Head-up
A display without azimuth stabilization in which the line connecting the center
with the top of the display indicates own ship’s heading. Targets are painted at
their measured distances and in their directions relative to own ship’s heading.
The short line on the bearing scale is the north marker.
North Marker
Heading Line
Head-up presentation mode
Course-up
The radar picture is stabilized and displayed with the currently selected course at
the top of the screen. As you change heading, the ship’s heading line moves. If
you select a new course, the picture resets to display the new course at the top
of the display.
Targets are painted at their measured distances and in their directions relative to
the intended course which is maintained at the 0-degree position. The heading
line moves in accordance with ship’s yawing and course changes.
North Marker
Heading Line
Course-up presentation mode
2-9
2. RADAR OPERATION
North-up
In the north-up mode, targets are painted at their measured distances and in
their true (compass) directions from own ship. North is maintained at the top of
the screen. The heading line changes its direction according to ship’s heading.
North
Heading Line
North-up presentation mode
True motion
Fixed radar targets maintain a constant position on the screen, while your own
ship moves across the radar image at the correct speed and heading. A map-like
image is displayed, with all moving vessels traveling in true perspective to each
other and to fixed landmasses. As your ship’s position approaches the edge of
the screen, the radar display is automatically reset to reveal the area ahead of
your ship. You can manually reset your ship’s position at any time by pressing
the RADAR DISPLY soft key followed by the SHIFT soft key.
North
Heading Line
True motion presentation mode
2-10
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10
Measuring the Range
You can measure the range to a radar target three ways: by the range rings, by
the cursor, and by the VRM (Variable Range Marker).
2.10.1
Measuring range by range rings
Count the number of rings between the center of the display and the target.
Check the range ring interval and judge the distance of the echo from the inner
edge of the nearest ring.
To turn the range rings on, do the following:
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
RADAR
DISPLAY
MODE
HD UP
SHIFT
RINGS
HIGH
HL
OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Radar display soft keys
3. Press the RINGS soft key to turn the rings on and select desired brilliance.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-11
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.2
Measuring range by cursor
Operate the trackball to place the cursor intersection on the inside edge of the
radar target. The range to the target, as well as the bearing, appears to the right
of “+” at the bottom of the display.
Cursor
Target
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
ZOOM &
D. BOX
+
11.2 ˚R
11.70nm
Range and bearing from
own ship to cursor
How to measure range to a target with the cursor
2-12
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.3
Measuring range by VRM
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to display the EBL/VRM soft keys.
319. 9°M
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
EBL/VRM soft keys
2. Press the VRM1 ON (dotted ring VRM) or VRM2 ON (dashed ring VRM) soft
key to select the desired VRM. The selected VRM’s indication, at the bottom
of the screen, is highlighted.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob the place the VRM on the inside edge of a radar
target. Read the VRM indication to find range to the target.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM2
(Dashed line)
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
VRM1
(Dotted line)
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
EBL1
VRM1 range
VRM1
---.-°R
3.123nm
EBL2
VRM2
---.-°R
9.343nm
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Active VRM is highlighted.
VRM2 range
4. You may hide the EBL/VRM soft keys by pressing the [EBL/VRM] key.
How to measure range with the VRM
2-13
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.4
Erasing a VRM, VRM indication
Press appropriate VRM soft key, then press the [CLEAR] key. The VRM is
erased and its indication becomes blank.
2.10.5
Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the EBL or VRM soft key associated with the EBL/VRM data box you wish
to erase. Press the [CLEAR] key once or twice to erase the data box.
2.10.6
Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX and D. BOX ON/OFF soft keys to show or hide the
EBL/VRM data boxes.
2.10.7
Moving EBL/VRM data boxes
When an EBL/VRM data box is obscuring a target you want to see, you can
move it to another location as shown below. This cannot be done when the
EBL/VRM soft keys are shown.
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to turn off the EBL/VRM soft keys.
2. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move.
As the cursor enters the box it changes to a “hand.” Push the [ENTER] knob,
and the hand changes to a fist, meaning the box is correctly selected.
3. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
2.11
Measuring the Bearing
There are two ways to measure the bearing to a target: by the cursor, and by the
EBL (Electronic bearing Line).
2.11.1
Measuring bearing by cursor
Use the trackball to place the cursor at the center of the target. The bearing to
the target appears in the range and bearing box at the bottom right-hand corner
on the screen.
2.11.2
Measuring bearing by EBL
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key.
2. Press the EBL1 ON (dotted line EBL) or EBL2 ON (dashed line EBL) soft key
to select the desired EBL. The selected EBL’s indication, at the bottom of the
screen, is highlighted.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to bisect the radar target with the EBL. Read the
EBL indication to find the bearing to the target.
2-14
2. RADAR OPERATION
12/ LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
EBL1
(Dotted line)
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
EBL2
(Dashed line)
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
EBL2 bearing
EBL1 bearing
EBL1
VRM1
330.1°R
-.---nm
EBL2
VRM2
234.1˚R
-.---nm
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Active marker is highlighted.
How to measure bearing with the EBL
4. You may hide the EBL/VRM soft keys by pressing the [EBL/VRM] key.
Note: The bearing to a target may be shown relative to own ship’s heading
(Relative) or True bearing (requires heading data). This may be done with
“EBL REFERENCE,” which is in the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu.
2.11.3
Erasing an EBL, EBL indication
Press appropriate EBL soft key, then press the [CLEAR] key. The EBL is erased
and its indication becomes blank.
2.11.4
Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the EBL or VRM soft key associated with the EBL/VRM data box you wish
to erase. Press the [CLEAR] key once or twice to erase the data box.
2.11.5
Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX and D. BOX ON/OFF soft keys to show or hide the
EBL/VRM data boxes.
2.11.6
Moving EBL/VRM data boxes
When an EBL/VRM data box is obscuring a target you want to see, you can
move it to another location as shown below. This cannot be done when the
EBL/VRM soft keys are shown.
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to turn off the EBL/VRM soft keys.
2. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move. As
the cursor enters the box it changes to a “hand.” Push the [ENTER] knob,
and the hand changes to a fist, meaning the box is correctly selected.
3. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
2-15
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.12
Erasing the Heading Line, North Marker
The heading line indicates the ship's heading in all presentation modes. It is a
line from the own ship position to the outer edge of the radar display area and
appears at zero degrees on the bearing scale in head-up mode; it changes its
orientation in the north-up, course-up and true motion modes with ship’s
movement.
The north marker appears as a short dashed line. In the head-up and course-up
modes the north marker moves around the bearing scale as the ship’s heading
moves.
To temporarily erase the heading line and north marker, press the RADAR
DISPLY soft key followed by the HL OFF soft key. Release the key to redisplay
the markers. (If the radar soft keys are not shown, hit the [HIDE/SHOW] key to
display them.)
2.13
Reducing Noise Interference
Noise, appearing on the displays as random “speckles,” can be reduced as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
2-16
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
Select NOISE REJECTION, then press the EDIT soft key.
Select OFF, LOW or HIGH as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.14
Rejecting Radar Interference
Radar interference may occur when near another shipborne radar that is
operating in the same frequency band as your radar. Its on-screen appearance
looks like many bright dots either scattered at random or in the form of dotted
lines extending from the center to the edge of the display. Interference effects
are distinguishable from normal echoes because they do not appear in the same
place on successive rotations of the scanner.
Be sure to turn off the interference rejector when no interference exists – weak
targets may be missed.
Radar interference
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
SIGNAL
PROCESS
I. REJ
OFF
E. AVG
OFF
PULSE
E. STR
OFF
Shown when radar
source is the Model
1800/1900 series
radar. Not shown
otherwise.
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
SIGNAL PROCESS soft keys
3. Press the I. REJ soft key successively to choose the interference rejection
level desired; LOW, MED, HIGH or OFF.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows IR L (Low), IR M (Medium) or IR H (High) when the
interference rejector is on.
2-17
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.15
Zoom
The zoom feature allows you to double the size of the area selected with the
“zoom circle.” It is available on any range but is inoperative in true motion and
when the display is shifted.
2.15.1
Zooming in on radar targets
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Use the trackball to set the cursor where you want to zoom.
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX soft key to show ZOOM & D. BOX soft keys.
Press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select ON. A solid circle, called the
“zoom circle,” appears on the display.
5. To release the cursor, press the CURSOR FLOAT soft key. (The solid circle
changes to a dashed one.) To relocate the zoom circle, select location with
the trackball, then press the CURSOR LOCK key.
6. To quit the zoom function, press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select OFF.
12/LP3nm
HU
319. 9°M
ZOOM &
D. BOX
ZOOM
ON /OFF
Zoom circle
CURSOR
FLOAT
ARP
TGT ZM
D. BOX
ON/ OFF
RETURN
Requires optional
ARP Board in
Model 1800/1900 series
network radar.
Not shown otherwise.
+ 359.9 ˚R
5.727nm
Zoom window
Zoom
2.15.2
Zooming in on ARP, TTM targets
You may zoom in on TTM (Tracked Target Message) and ARP targets. TTM
targets can come from a NavNet connected radar, or from other ARP radar that
is outputting the TTM message. (TTM is a NMEA 0183 data sentence that is an
available output from some ARP capable radar.) Target numbers must be turned
on to use this function. This can be done by enabling the target ID number
option in the ARP SETUP menu.
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the ZOOM/D. BOX soft key to show ZOOM & D. BOX soft keys.
3. Press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select ZOOM ON.
2-18
2. RADAR OPERATION
4. Press the ARP TGT ZM soft key.
SELECT TARGET NO.
▲
1
▼
Target no. selection window
5. Use the [ENTER] knob to select number (1-10), then push the [ENTER] knob.
If the target number does not exist several beeps sound and the zoom
function is cancelled.
.
To cancel, press the CURSOR LOCK soft key.
Note: The zoom window blends in with the background when the background
color for the radar picture is white. If the window is difficult to see, change
the background color.
2.16
Shifting the Picture
Own ship position, or sweep origin, can be displaced manually or automatically
to expand the view field without switching to a larger scale.
2.16.1
Manual shift
The sweep origin can be shifted in any presentation mode to a point specified by
the cursor by up to 50% of the range in use in any direction.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Locate the cursor anywhere within the effective radius of the display.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
Press the SHIFT soft key.
Press the MANUAL soft key to shift. The heading line shifts to the cursor
location. SHIFT appears at right-hand corner of the display.
6. To cancel shift, press the RADAR DISPLY, SHIFT and OFF soft keys.
SHIFT
Cursor
Place cursor
where desired.
Press the MANUAL soft key.
Shifting the picture manually
2-19
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.16.2
Automatic shift
The amount of automatic shift is calculated according to ship’s speed, and the
amount of shift is limited to 50% of the range in use. For example, if you set the
shift speed setting for 15 knots and the ship is running at 10 knots the amount of
shift will be about 34%. The formula for determining shift amount is as shown
below.
Ship's speed
X 0.5 = Amount of shift(%)
Shift speed setting
Automatic shift mode is only available in the head-up mode.
Setting automatic shift maximum speed
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
Press the SHIFT soft key to show the shift soft keys.
Press the AUTO S.SPD soft key to display the auto ship speed setting
window.
AUTO SHIP SPEED
15
Auto ship speed setting window
5. Adjust the trackball or [ENTER] knob to set the maximum speed of your
vessel, and then push the [ENTER] knob or the ENTER soft key to set. The
setting range is 1-999 kt and the default setting is 15 kt.
Automatic shift
Press the AUTO key to automatically shift the sweep origin. To cancel shift,
press the RADAR DISPLY, SHIFT and OFF soft keys.
2-20
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.17
Using the Offset EBL
The offset EBL can be used to predict a potential collision course. It can also be
used to measure the range and bearing between two targets.
2.17.1
Predicting collision course
The procedure below may be used to check if a radar target is on a potential
collision course with your vessel.
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to show the EBL/VRM soft keys.
2. Press the EBL1 ON soft key to turn on the EBL1.
3. Press the OFFSET soft key. The origin of EBL1 moves to the cursor position,
which is marked with an “X.”
4. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the radar target which looks like it
might be on a collision course with own ship.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to fix the origin position.
6. After waiting for a few minutes (at least three minutes), rotate the [ENTER]
knob so the EBL bisects the target at the new position. If the target tracks
along the EBL towards the center of the display (your ship’s position), the
target may be on a collision course with your vessel.
7. To cancel the offset EBL, press the OFFSET soft key.
12/ LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
Target tracked
here
OFFSET
Initial target
position
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
EBL1
VRM1
45.0˚R
-.---nm
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Predicting collision course with the offset EBL
2-21
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.17.2
Measuring range & bearing between two targets
The procedure which follows shows how to measure the range and bearing
between two targets, using the targets “A” and “B” in the figure below as an
example.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the target “A.”
Press the [EBL/VRM] key to show the EBL/VRM soft keys.
Press the EBL1 ON soft key to turn on the EBL1.
Press the OFFSET soft key. The origin of EBL1 moves to the cursor position,
which is marked with an “X.”
Rotate the [ENTER] knob so the EBL bisects the target “B.”
Push the [ENTER] knob, then press the VRM1 ON soft key.
Rotate the [ENTER] knob to place the VRM1 on the inner edge of the target
“B.”
Look at the indications for VRM1 and EBL1 to find the range and bearing
between the two targets.
To cancel the offset EBL, press the OFFSET key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
Target B
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
Target A
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
EBL1
Bearing and range
between target A
and target B
VRM1
45.0°R
7.121nm
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Measuring range and bearing between two targets
2-22
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.18
Echo Trails
Echo trails are simulated afterglow of target echoes that represent their
movements relative or true to own ship. This function is useful for alerting you
past possible collision situations.
Echo trail
Sample echo trails
2.18.1
Trail time
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the TARGET soft key.
3. Press the TRAIL soft key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
TRAIL
TRAIL
ON /OFF
TRAIL
TIME
GRAD
SINGLE
TRAIL
COLOR
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Trail soft keys
4. Press the TRAIL TIME soft key to show the trail time window.
TRAIL TIME
▲
¤ 15 seconds
¡ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
¡ 15 minutes
¡ 30 minutes
¡ CONTINUOUS
▼
Trail time window
5. Use the trackball to select time desired.
6. Press the ENTER soft key.
7. Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
2-23
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.18.2
Starting echo trails
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the TARGET soft key.
Press the TRAIL soft key.
Press the TRAIL ON/OFF soft key to select ON.
Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
“TRAIL,” the echo trail time selected and elapsed time appear at the top
right-hand corner of the display. Then, afterglow starts extending from all targets.
Trails are restarted when the range or mode is changed and zoom or shift is
turned on.
For continuous trails, the maximum continuous trail time is 99 minutes and 59
seconds. When the elapsed time clock counts up to that time, the elapsed time
display resets to zero and trails begin again.
To turn off echo trail, press the TRAIL ON/OFF soft key to select OFF at step 4 in
the above procedure.
2.18.3
Trail gradation
The echo trails can be shown in single or multiple gradations. Multiple gradation
paints the trails thinner with time, like the afterglow on an analog PPI radar.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] soft key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the TARGET and TRAIL soft keys.
Press the GRAD soft key to select SINGLE or MULTI as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
Multitone
Monotone
Multitone and monotone trails
2-24
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.18.4
Trail color
Trails may be shown target trails in blue, yellow, green or white.
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the TARGET, TRAIL and TRAIL COLOR soft keys in that order.
TRAIL COLOR
▲
¤ BLUE
¡ YELLOW
¡ GREEN
¡ WHITE
▼
Trail color window
3. Use the trackball to select the color desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
4. Press the RETURN soft key twice.
2.18.5
Echo trail mode
Echo trails can be shown in Relative or True motion. (True trails require heading
and speed inputs.)
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP key.
3. Choose TRAIL MODE, then press the EDIT soft key.
TRAIL MODE
▲
¡ TRUE
¤ RELATIVE
▼
Trail mode window
4. Select TRUE or RELATIVE as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-25
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.19
Echo Stretch
Normally, the reflected echoes from long range targets appear on the display as
weaker and smaller blips even though they are compensated by the radar’s
internal circuitry. The echo stretch function magnifies these small blips in all
ranges. Two types of echo stretch are available: ES LOW which stretches
echoes in bearing direction and ES HIGH which stretches them in both range
and bearing directions.
Target
Bearing
direction
Echo Stretch OFF
"LOW" Echo stretch
Range
direction
Bearing
direction
"HIGH" Echo stretch
Types of echo stretch
This function magnifies not only targets but also sea clutter and radar
interference. For this reason, be sure sea clutter and radar interference are
properly suppressed before activating the echo stretch.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
Press the E. STR soft key to select HIGH, LOW or OFF as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows ES H (High) or ES L (Low) when the echo stretch is on.
2-26
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.20
Echo Averaging
The echo average feature, which requires a Model 1800/1900 series network
radar, effectively suppresses sea clutter. Echoes received from stable targets
such as ships appear on the screen at almost the same position during every
rotation of the antenna. On the other hand, unstable echoes such as sea clutter
appear at random positions.
To distinguish real target echoes from sea clutter, echo average performs
scan-to-scan correlation. Correlation is made by storing and averaging echo
signals over successive picture frames. If an echo is solid and stable, it is
presented in its normal intensity. Sea clutter is averaged over successive scans
resulting in the reduced brilliance, making it easier to discriminate real targets
from sea clutter.
To properly use the echo average function, it is recommended to first suppress
sea clutter with the A/C SEA control and then do the following:
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
3. Press the E. AVG soft key to select desired echo averaging.
OFF:
LOW:
No averaging
Helps distinguish targets from sea clutter and suppresses brilliance
of unstable echoes.
MED: Distinguishes small stationary targets such as navigation buoys.
HIGH: Stably displays distant targets.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows EAV L, EAV M or EAV H when echo averaging is on.
(a) Echo average OFF
(b) Echo average ON
Effect of echo averaging
2-27
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.21
Outputting TLL Data
Target position data can be output to units of the network and shown on their
plotter screen with the TTL mark ( X ). This function requires position and
heading data.
1. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the target whose position you
wish to output.
2. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
3. Press the TARGET soft key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
TARGET
TRAIL
TLL
OUTPUT
ACQ
TARGET
INFO
Requires ARP circuit board
in Model 1800/1900 series
NavNet radar. Not shown
otherwise.
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
TARGET soft keys
4. Press the TLL OUTPUT soft key to output target position data. The TLL mark
appears on the plotter screen at the target’s position the moment the TLL
OUTPUT soft key was pressed. Further, that position is recorded as a
waypoint on all NavNet units, under the youngest empty waypoint number on
each NavNet unit.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: The screen of the TLL recipient may be temporarily interrupted when
receiving TLL from another NavNet display unit. Press any key to restore
normal operation.
2-28
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.22
Guard Alarm
The guard alarm allows the operator to set the desired range and bearing for a
guard zone. When ships, islands, landmasses, etc. violate the guard zone, an
audio alarm sounds and the offending target blinks to call the operator’s
attention.
CAUTION
• The alarm should not be relied upon as
the sole means for detecting possible
collision situations.
• A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and GAIN controls
should be properly adjusted to be sure
the alarm system does not overlook
target echoes.
2.22.1
Setting a guard alarm zone
To set a guard alarm zone, set the radar to transmit and do the following:
1. Press the [ALARM] key.
2. Use the trackball to set the cursor on the top left corner (or top right corner)
of the guard zone you want to set, then press the SET GUARD1 or SET
GUARD2 soft key, depending on which guard zone you want to set.
3. Use the trackball to set the cursor on the bottom right corner (or top left
corner) of the guard zone area, then push the [ENTER] knob.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
12/ LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
1
ALARM
12/ LP3nm
H-UP
319. 9°M
SET
GUARD1
2
ALARM
GUARD 1
SET
GUARD1
ERASE
GUARD1
MOVE +CURSOR TO
ANOTHER CORNER OF
GUARD1 AND PUSH
KNOB TO SET.
SET
GUARD2
SET
GUARD2
RETURN
RETURN
+ 317.2 ˚R
NO ALARM
+
11.60nm
(1) Drag cursor to top (or bottom) corner
for guard zone and press the SET
GUARD1 or SET GUARD2 soft key.
39.9 ˚R
8.800nm
(2) Drag cursor diagonally to bottom (or top)
corner for guard zone and press the [ENTER]
knob.
How to set a guard alarm zone
2-29
2. RADAR OPERATION
The equipment then searches for targets inside the guard zone to determine
guard alarm type. If a target is found inside the guard zone, the guard zone type
becomes an “Outward guard alarm,” and any target exiting the guard zone will
trigger the audio alarm. If no target is found, the guard zone type becomes an
“Inward guard alarm,” and any targets entering the guard zone will trigger the
audio alarm. The guard alarm type is shown as G1(G2) IN or G1(G2) OUT.
Note 1: When the radar range is less than the guard zone range “G1 (G2) IN” or
“G1 (G2) OUT” changes to “G1 (G2) ***.” The guard alarm function is
not available while this indication appears.
Note 2: If the network radar is set to standby while the guard alarm is active, the
guard alarm is cancelled. The guard alarm is redisplayed when the
radar is set to transmit again.
2.22.2
When the alarm is violated…
Any radar target violating the guard zone will flash, the audio alarm sounds, and
the alarm icon appears in red. Additionally the message “TARGET ENTERED
INTO GUARD1(GUARD2)” or “TARGET LEFT FROM GUARD1(GUARD2)” is
displayed at the bottom of the screen. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the
alarm.
2.22.3
Cancelling the guard alarm
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Press the ERASE GUARD1 or ERASE GUARD2 soft key as appropriate.
3. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-30
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.23
Watchman
2.23.1
How watchman works
The watchman function periodically transmits radar pulses for one minute to
check for targets in a guard zone. If a target is found in the zone, watchman is
cancelled, the audio alarm sounds and the radar continues transmitting. If no
target is found the radar goes into standby for the number of minutes specified
on the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu. This feature is useful when you do not
need the radar’s function continuously but want to be alerted to radar targets in a
specific area. “WTCH” appears at the top left corner when Watchman is active.
Tx
1 min
Watchman
starts
ST-BY
*
Tx
1 min
5,10
or
20 min
ST-BY
*
5,10
or
20 min
* Beeps emitted just before radar transmits.
How watchman works
2.23.2
Turning on/off watchman
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set a guard zone. (See the paragraph 2.22.)
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
Press the NAV FUNC soft key.
Press the W. MAN ON/OFF soft key to select ON or OFF as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: When the watchman is activated and no guard zone is active, the
message “PLEASE SET GUARD ZONE. PUSH ANY KEY TO
CONTINUE.” appears. Press any key and then set a guard zone.
2.23.3
Setting watchman stand-by interval
The watchman standby interval, that is, the number of minutes the radar is in
standby, can be set to 5, 10 or 20 minutes as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Select WATCHMAN TIME, then press the EDIT soft key.
WATCHMAN TIME
¤
¡
¡
5 minutes
10 minutes
20 minutes
Watchman window
4. Select time desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-31
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.24
Suppressing Second-trace Echoes
In certain situations, echoes from very distance targets may appear as false
echoes (second-trace echoes) on the screen. This occurs when the return echo
is received one transmission cycle later, or after a next radar pulse has been
transmitted.
Tx repetition
Second-trace
echo
False echo
range
Actual range
Second-trace echoes
To activate or deactivate the second-trace echo rejector do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Use the trackball to select 2ND ECHO REJECTION, then press the EDIT soft
key.
4. Choose ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-32
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.25
Waypoint Marker
A waypoint marker, showing the location of the destination waypoint set on the
plotter, may be inscribed on the radar display.
L 3nm
12/ SP
HU
Waypoint
319. 9°M
marker
NAV
FUNC
W. MAN
ON/ OFF
WPT MK
ON /OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
Waypoint marker
1. If not already shown, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft
keys.
2. Press the NAV FUNC soft key.
3. Press the WPT MK ON/OFF soft key to select ON or OFF as appropriate.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-33
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26
ARP, TTM Operation
When the radar source is an ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series network
radar, you can manually and automatically acquire and track ten targets. Once a
target is acquired automatically or manually it is automatically tracked within 0.1
to 32 nm. If the FURUNO heading sensor PG-1000 is used, the data sentence
“RMC” is necessary.
Alternatively, you can display the tracks of other ships by receiving the data
sentence TTM (Tracked Target Message) via the NETWORK or NMEA port on
the display unit. However, targets cannot be acquired.
Note: When using your unit as remote display, you cannot change the range of
the main radar at the remote display. For the target acquisition, set the
range individually.
Usage precautions for ARP
WARNING
No one navigational aid should be relied
upon for the safety of vessel and crew.
The navigator has the responsibility to
check all aids available to confirm
position. Electronic aids are not
a substitute for basic navigational
principles and common sense.
• This auto plotter automatically tracks an
automatically or manually acquired radar
target and calculates its course and
speed, indicating them by a vector. Since
the data generated by the auto plotter
are based on what radar targets are
selected, the radar must always be
optimally tuned for use with the auto
plotter, to ensure required targets will not
be lost or unwanted targets such as sea
returns and noise will not be acquired
and tracked.
• A target does not always mean a landmass, reef, ships or other surface vessels
but can imply returns from sea surface
and clutter. As the level of clutter changes
with environment, the operator should
properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C RAIN
and GAIN controls to be sure target
echoes are not eliminated from the
radar screen.
2-34
CAUTION
The plotting accuracy and response of
this auto plotter meets IMO standards.
Tracking accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Tracking accuracy is affected by course
change. One to two minutes is required to
restore vectors to full accuracy after an
abrupt course change. (The actual
amount depends on gyrocompass
specifications.)
• The amount of tracking delay is inversely
proportional to the relative speed of the
target. Delay is on the order of 15-30
seconds for high relative speed; 30-60
seconds for low relative speed.
Display accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Echo intensity
• Radar transmission pulsewidth
• Radar bearing error
• Gyrocompass error
• Course change (own ship or target)
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.1
Activating/deactivating ARP, TTM
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP
SETUP menu.
ARP TARGET INFO
INTERNAL ARP
CANCEL ALL TARGETS
NO
ARP VECTOR MODE
TRUE
ARP VECTOR TIME
30 minutes
HISTORY INTERVAL
OFF
CPA
OFF
TCPA
30 seconds
ARP
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
AUTO ACQUISITION AREA OFF
TARGET ID NUMBER
OFF
ARP setup menu
2. Select ARP TARGET INFO, then press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP
target info window.
ARP TARGET INFO
▲
¤ INTERNAL ARP
¡ EXTERNAL ARP
¡ OFF
▼
ARP target info window
3. Select INTERNAL ARP, EXTERNAL ARP or OFF as appropriate.
INTERNAL ARP: The radar source must be an ARP-equipped Model
1800/1900 series NavNet radar. Select this item also for a NavNet unit being
fed ARP targets.
EXTERNAL ARP: Receive TTM data sentence via NMEA or NETWORK port.
Target tracks are shown but targets cannot be acquired.
OFF: Turns off the ARP or TTM display.
4. Press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-35
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.2
Acquiring and tracking targets (ARP)
Ten targets may be acquired and tracked manually and automatically. When you
attempt to acquire an 11th target, the message “ARP FULL – ALREADY
TRACKING 10 TARGETS!” appears for five seconds. To acquire another target,
terminate tracking of an unnecessary target as shown in the paragraph “2.26.4
Terminating tracking of ARP targets.”
Manual acquisition
When the automatic acquisition (AUTO ACQ. AREA) is set to on, up to five
targets may be acquired manually. If you attempt to acquire a sixth target, the
alert message appears.
1. If not already shown, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft
keys.
2. Press the TARGET soft key.
3. Place the cursor on the target to acquire.
4. Press the ACQ soft key.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The plot symbol changes over time as below. A vector appears about one minute
after acquisition, indicating the target’s motion trend.
Vector
01*
01*
1 min. after
3 min. after
acquisition
acquisition
* = Target number shown when TARGET ID NUMBER is
turned on in the ARP SETUP menu.
01*
At acquisition
Target Number
ARP plot symbols
Note: In case of the acquisition by an external ARP, the acquisition circle mark
appears one minute after acquisition.
Automatic acquisition
The ARP can acquire up to ten targets automatically by setting an automatic
acquisition area. When automatic acquisition is selected after acquiring targets
manually, only the remaining capacity for targets may be automatically acquired.
For example, if seven targets have been manually acquired, three targets may
be automatically acquired.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
2. Press the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP SETUP menu.
3. Operate the trackball to select AUTO ACQUISITION AREA.
4. Press the EDIT soft key to show the automatic acquisition area window.
AUTO ACQ. AREA
▲
ON
OFF
▼
Automatic acquisition area window
5. Select ON, then press the ENTER soft key.
2-36
2. RADAR OPERATION
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. An acquisition area of 2.0 to 2.5
miles in range and ±45º on either side of the heading line in bearing appears.
Note: Targets being tracked in automatic acquisition are continuously
tracked when switching to manual acquisition.
Automatic acquisition area
45° port
2.0 - 2.5 nm
45° starboard
Automatic acquisition area
2.26.3
Displaying target number (ARP, TTM)
Target number can be shown for ARP and TTM targets as below.
12/ 3nm
LP
H-UP
319. 9°T
TARGET
TRAIL
01
TLL
OUTPUT
ACQ
ARP
Target
Number
TARGET
INFO
RETURN
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
ARP target number
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the ARP SETUP soft key.
Select TARGET ID NUMBER.
Press the EDIT soft key.
Select ON or OFF as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-37
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.4
Terminating tracking of ARP targets
When ten targets have been acquired, no more acquisition occurs unless targets
are cancelled. If you need to acquire additional targets, you must first cancel one
or more individual targets, or all targets, using one of the procedures below.
Terminating tracking of selected targets
1. Place the cursor on the target to terminate tracking.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key to terminate tracking and erase the target.
Terminating tracking of all targets
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Select CANCEL ALL TARGETS.
3. Press the EDIT soft key.
CANCEL ALL TARGETS
▲
¡ YES
¤ NO
▼
Cancel all targets window
4. Select YES.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-38
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.5
Setting vector attributes (ARP)
What is a vector?
A vector is a line extending from a tracked target which shows estimated speed
and course of the target. The vector tip shows an estimated position of the target
after the selected vector time elapses. It can be useful to extend the vector
length (time) in order to evaluate the risk of collision with any target.
Vector
Vector
Vector reference, vector time
You may reference the vectors to North (True, requires heading and speed data)
or ship’s heading (relative) as desired. Vector time can be set to 30 seconds, 1,
3, 6, 15 or 30 minutes.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP
SETUP menu.
2. Operate the trackball to select ARP VECTOR MODE.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP vector mode window.
ARP VECTOR MODE
¤
¡
RELATIVE
TRUE
ARP vector mode window
4. Select TRUE or RELATIVE as appropriate.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Select ARP VECTOR TIME, then press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP
vector time window.
ARP VECTOR TIME
▲
¤ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
¡ 15 minutes
¡ 30 minutes
▼
ARP vector time window
7. Operate the trackball to select vector time among 30 sec, 1 min, 3 min, 6 min,
15 min and 30 min.
8. Press the ENTER soft key.
9. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-39
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.6
Displaying past position (ARP)
This ARP can display time-spaced dots (maximum ten dots) marking the past
positions of any targets being tracked. You can evaluate a target’s actions by the
spacing between dots. Below are examples of dot spacing and target movement.
(a) Ship turning
(b) Ship running
straight
(c) Ship reduced
speed
(d) Ship increased
speed
Past position displays
To turn the past position display on or off:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Operate the trackball to select HISTORY INTERVAL.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the history interval window.
HISTORY INTERVAL
▲
¤ OFF
¡ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
▼
History interval window
4. Operate the trackball to select history interval among 30 sec, 1 min, 3 min
and 6 min, or select OFF to turn off the past position display.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-40
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.7
ARP, TTM target data
You can show motion trends (range, bearing, course, speed, CPA and TCPA) for
ARP or TTM targets. Note that TARGET ID NUMBER, in the ARP SETUP menu,
must be turned on to display this data.
1. Place the cursor on the target whose data you want to see.
2. If not already displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft
keys.
3. Press the TARGET and TARGET INFO soft keys. The data of the selected
target appears at the bottom left-hand corner of the display. (If an EBL/VRM
data box is displayed the ARP (TTM) data box will be under it.)
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
5. To erase ARP/TTM target data, select the corresponding target with the
cursor, then press the [CLEAR] key.
12/LP 3nm
H-UP
319. 9°T
TARGET
TRAIL
Cursor
TLL
OUTPUT
ARP
Target
ACQ
01
TARGET
INFO
RETURN
No.01 VECTOR TRUE 15min
CSE 359.9˚T SPD 12.5kt
CPA 2.21nm TCPA 12:35
+ 359.9 ˚R
11.70nm
CPA and TCPA
Course and Speed
Target No., Vector Reference (True), Vector Time
ARP target data
2-41
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.8
CPA/TCPA alarm (ARP)
When the predicted CPA of any target becomes smaller than a preset CPA alarm
range or its predicted TCPA less than a preset TCPA alarm limit, an audio alarm
sounds and the speaker icon appears (in red). In addition, the target plot symbol
of the offending target changes to a triangle and flashes together with its vector.
You may silence the audio alarm with the [CLEAR] key. Press the [ALARM] key
and the message “COLLISION ALARM” appears. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft
key to acknowledge the alarm. The flashing of the triangle plot symbol continues
until you intentionally terminate tracking of the target. The ARP continuously
monitors the predicted range at the Closest Point of Approach (CPA) and
predicted time to CPA (TCPA) of each track to own ship.
This feature helps alert you to targets which may be on a collision course with
own ship. However, it is important that gain, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and other radar
controls are properly adjusted and the ARP is set up so that it can track targets
effectively.
CPA/TCPA alarm ranges must be set up properly taking into consideration the
size, tonnage, speed, turning performance and other characteristics of own ship.
CAUTION
The CPA/TCPA alarm should never be
relied upon as the sole means for detecting the risk of collision. The navigator is
not relieved of the responsibility to keep
visual lookout for avoiding collisions,
whether or not the radar or other plotting
aid is in use.
Follow the steps shown below to set the CPA/TCPA alarm range:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Operate the trackball to select CPA.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the CPA window.
CPA
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
▼
OFF
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
CPA window
4. Select a CPA limit desired from 0.5 nm, 1 nm, 2 nm, 3 nm, 5 nm and 6 nm
with the trackball.
5. Press the ENTER soft key. The ARP SETUP menu reappears.
6. Operate the trackball to select TCPA.
7. Press the EDIT soft key to show the TCPA window.
2-42
2. RADAR OPERATION
TCPA
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
▼
30 seconds
1 minute
2 minutes
3 minutes
4 minutes
5 minutes
6 minutes
12 minutes
TCPA window
8. Select a TCPA limit from 30 sec, 1 min, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, 5 min, 6 min and
12 min.
9. Press the ENTER soft key.
10. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2.26.9
Lost target alarm (ARP)
When the system detects a lost target, the target symbol becomes a diamond
and tracking is discontinued after one minute.
01
Lost target mark
Canceling a lost target
1. Place the cursor on the target.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key.
2-43
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27
Interpreting the Radar Display
2.27.1
General
Minimum and maximum ranges
Minimum range
The minimum range is defined by the shortest distance at which, using a scale of
1.5 or 0.75 nm, a target having an echoing area of 10 m2 is still shown separate
from the point representing the antenna position. It is mainly dependent on the
pulselength, antenna height, and signal processing such as main bang
suppression and digital quantization. It is best to use the shortest possible range
as long as the clarity and definition of the picture remain good.
Maximum range
The maximum detecting range of the radar, Rmax, varies considerably
depending on several factors such as the height of the antenna above the
waterline, the height of the target above the sea, the size, shape and material of
the target, and atmospheric conditions.
Under normal atmospheric conditions, the maximum range is equal to the radar
horizon or a little shorter. The radar horizon is longer than the optical one by
about 6% because of the diffraction property of the radar signal. Rmax is given
in the following equation.
Rmax = 2.2 x ( h1 + h2 )
where
Rmax: radar horizon (nautical miles)
h1:
antenna height (m)
h2:
target height (m)
Radar horizon
Optical horizon
Radar horizon
For example, if the height of the antenna above the waterline is 9 meters and the
height of the target is 16 meters, the maximum radar range is;
Rmax= 2.2 x ( 9 + 16 ) = 2.2 x (3 + 4) = 15.4 nm
It should be noted that the detection range is reduced by precipitation (which
absorbs the radar signal).
2-44
2. RADAR OPERATION
Radar resolution
There are two important factors in radar resolution (discrimination): bearing
resolution and range resolution.
Bearing resolution
Bearing resolution is the ability of the radar to display the echoes received from
two targets, which are at the same range and close together, as separate targets.
Bearing resolution is directly proportional to the antenna length, and inversely
proportional to the radar's wavelength.
Range resolution
Range resolution is the ability to display the echoes received from two targets,
which are on the same bearing and close to each other, as separate targets.
Bearing accuracy
One of the most important features of the radar is how accurately the bearing of
a target can be measured. The accuracy of bearing measurement basically
depends on the narrowness of the radar beam. However, the bearing is usually
taken relative to the ship’s heading, and thus, proper adjustment of the heading
marker at installation is an important factor in ensuring bearing accuracy. To
minimize error when measuring the bearing of a target, select a range which will
put the target as far out to the edge of the radar screen as possible.
Range measurement
Measurement of the range to a target is also a very important function of the
radar. There are three means of measuring range: the fixed range rings, the
trackball and the variable range marker (VRM). The fixed range rings appear on
the screen with a predetermined interval and provide a rough estimate of the
range to a target. The trackball is rolled to place the cursor on the leading edge
of the target. Range and bearing to the target is shown at the bottom right-hand
corner of the display. The variable range marker’s diameter is increased or
decreased so that the marker touches the inner edge of the target, allowing the
operator to obtain more accurate range measurements.
2-45
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27.2
False echoes
Occasionally echo signals appear on the screen at positions where there is no
target or disappear even if there are targets. False target situations may be
recognized, however, if you understand why they are displayed. Typical false
echoes are shown below.
Multiple echoes
Multiple echoes occur when a transmitted pulse returns from a solid object like a
large ship, bridge, or breakwater. A second, a third or more echoes may be
observed on the display at double, triple or other multiples of the actual range of
the target as shown below. Multiple reflection echoes can be reduced and often
removed by decreasing the gain (sensitivity) or properly adjusting the [A/C SEA]
control.
True
echo
Target
Own ship
Multiple
echo
Multiple echoes
Sidelobe echoes
Every time the radar pulse is transmitted, some radiation escapes on each side
of the beam. This stray RF is called a “sidelobe.” If a target exists where it can
be detected by the sidelobes as well as the main lobe, the side echoes may be
represented on both sides of the true echo at the same range. Sidelobes show
usually only on short ranges and from strong targets. They can be reduced
through careful reduction of the gain or proper adjustment of the A/C SEA
control.
Target A
Target B
(Spurious) Target B
(True)
Sidelobe echoes
2-46
2. RADAR OPERATION
Virtual image
A relatively large target close to your ship may show at two positions on the
screen. One of them is the true echo directly reflected by the target and the other
is a false echo which is caused by the mirror effect of a large object on or close
to your ship as shown in the figure below. If your ship comes close to a large
metal bridge, for example, such a false echo may temporarily be seen on the
screen.
Target ship
;
;;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;
;;
;;
;;
;;
Own
ship
;
;;
;
;;
;;
;
;;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;
;;
;;
; True
;
;;
;; echo
;;
Mirror image
of target ship
False
echo
Virtual image
Shadow sectors
Funnels, stacks, masts, or derricks in the path of the antenna block the radar
beam. If the angle subtended at the antenna is more than a few degrees, a
non-detecting sector or blind spot may be produced. Within this sector, targets
can not be detected.
Radar
antenna
Radar
mast
Shadow sector
Shadow sectors
2-47
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27.3
SART (Search and Rescue Transponder)
A Search and Rescue Transponder (SART) may be triggered by any X-Band (3
cm) radar within a range of approximately 8 nm. Each radar pulse received
causes it to transmit a response which is swept repetitively across the complete
radar frequency band. When interrogated, it first sweeps rapidly (0.4 µs) through
the band before beginning a relatively slow sweep (7.5 µs) through the band
back to the starting frequency. This process is repeated for a total of twelve
complete cycles. At some point in each sweep, the SART frequency will match
that of the interrogating radar and be within the pass band of the radar receiver.
If the SART is within range, the frequency match during each of the 12 slow
sweeps will produce a response on the radar display, thus a line of 12 dots
equally spaced by about 0.64 nautical miles will be shown.
When the range to the SART is reduced to about 1 nm, the radar display may
show also the 12 responses generated during the fast sweeps. These additional
dot responses, which also are equally spaced by 0.64 nm, will be interspersed
with the original line of 12 dots. They will appear slightly weaker and smaller
than the original dots.
Screen B: When SART
is close
Screen A: When SART
is distant
Lines of 12 dots
are displayed in
concentric arcs.
Echo from SART
Radar antenna
beamwidth
24 NM
Echo from
SART
1.5 NM
Position of
SART
Own ship
position
9500 MHz
9200 MHz
Own ship
position
SART mark
length
7.5 µs
Sweep time
Radar receiver
bandwidth
95 µs
Low speed sweep signal
Sweep start
High speed sweep signal
Appearance of SART signal on the radar display
2-48
Position of
SART
2. RADAR OPERATION
General procedure for detecting SART response
1. Use the range scale of 6 or 12 nm as the spacing between the SART
responses is about 0.6 nm (1125 m) to distinguish the SART.
2. Turn off the automatic clutter suppression (if applicable).
3. Turn off the Interference Rejector.
General remarks on receiving SART
SART range errors
When responses from only the 12 low frequency sweeps are visible (when the
SART is at a range greater than about 1 nm), the position at which the first dot is
displayed may be as much as 0.64 nm beyond the true position of the SART.
When the range closes so that the fast sweep responses are seen also, the first
of these will be no more than 150 meters beyond the true position.
Radar bandwidth
This is normally matched to the radar pulselength and is usually switched with
the range scale and the associated pulselength. Narrow bandwidths of 3-5 MHz
are used with long pulses on long range and wide bandwidths of 10-25 MHz with
short pulses on short ranges.
Any radar bandwidth of less than 5 MHz will attenuate the SART signal slightly,
so it is preferable to use a medium bandwidth to ensure optimum detection of
the SART.
Radar sidelobes
As the SART is approached, sidelobes from the radar antenna may show the
SART responses as a series of arcs or concentric rings. These can be removed
by the use of the [A/C SEA] control although it may be operationally useful to
observe the sidelobes as they may be easier to detect in clutter conditions and
also they will confirm that the SART is near to the ship.
Gain
For maximum range SART detection the normal gain setting for long range
detection should be used, that is, with background noise speckle visible.
2-49
2. RADAR OPERATION
A/C SEA control
For optimum range SART detection, this control should be set to the minimum.
Care should be exercised as wanted target in sea clutter may be obscured. Note
also that in clutter conditions the first few dots of the SART response may not be
detectable, irrespective of the setting of the anti-clutter sea control. In this case,
the position of the SART may be estimated by measuring 9.5 nm from the
furthest dot back towards own ship.
Some sets have automatic/manual anti-clutter sea control facilities in which case
the operator should switch to manual.
A/C RAIN control
This should be used normally (to break up areas of rain) when trying to detect a
SART response which, being a series of dots, is not affected by the action of the
anti-clutter rain circuitry. Note that racon responses, which are often in the form
of a long flash, will be affected by the use of this control.
Some sets have automatic/manual anti-clutter rain control facilities in which case
the operator should switch to manual.
Note: This SART information is excerpted from IMO SN/Circ 197 Operation of
Marine Radar for SART Detection.
2.27.4
Racon (Radar Beacon)
A racon is a radar transponder which emits a characteristic signal when triggered
by a ship’s radar (usually only the 3 centimeter band). The signal may be emitted
on the same frequency as that of the triggering radar, in which case it is
superimposed on the ship's radar display automatically.
The racon signal appears on the PPI as a radial line originating at a point just
beyond the position of the radar beacon or as a Morse code signal (see figure
below) displayed radially from just beyond the beacon.
Racon
Appearance of racon signal on the radar display
2-50
3.
PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1
Plotter Displays
You may show the plotter display over the entire screen, in the overlay screen
with the radar display, or in a combination screen.
3.1.1
Full-screen plotter display
Nav data window
(Data changes with NAV soft
key setting and cursor
status. For details see next page.)
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
Scale
Icon (from left)
North Marker
Chart
Alarm
Track Hold
Chart Offset
Save
L/L Offset
Battery
Simulation
(See icon
table on
page A-12
for details.)
359.9°M
19.9 kt
SI
16.0nm
M
TRIP
NU
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
NTH UP
Soft keys
NAV
POS
002WPT
FISH
BRIDGE
Waypoint name
Waypoint marker
Own ship
marker
D. BOX
ON/OFF
Track
Course bar
Full-screen plotter display
Note: When GPS signal error is found, the following occurs depending on the
device feeding position data:
GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B: Alarm icon ( ) appears and the aural
alarm sounds. Own ship marker blinks faster.
Other navigator: The message “NO GPS FIX” appears and is
accompanied by the aural alarm and alarm icon. If the GPS signal is
missing for more than 90 seconds, the message “NO POSITION DATA”
appears.
3-1
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Nav data window
The data shown in the nav data window depends on the status of the NAV soft
key and the cursor.
Presentation
Mode
Latitude and longitude
of cursor intersection
Latitude, Longitude
Bearing to Cursor
34°24. 3456'N
+ 124°24.
3456'W
359. 9° M
59.9nm
Cursor Mark
TRIP
99. 9nm
NU
Trip Distance
Range to
Cursor
Presentation
Mode
Waypoint data
(waypoint selected
with cursor)
Waypoint Name
Bearing to Waypoint
001WPT
Waypoint Mark
Course
359. 9° M 359. 9°M TRIP
NU
19. 9nm 19. 9kt 99. 9nm
Range to Waypoint
Speed
Trip Distance
Presentation
Mode
Own ship
position
NAV
POS
soft key
Latitude, Longitude
Course
34°24. 3456'N
124°24. 3456'W
Own Ship Mark
359. 9°M
19. 9kt
TRIP
99. 9nm
Speed
NU
Trip Distance
Time-to-Go
to Destination
Destination NAV
WPT
waypoint
data
soft key
Waypoint Name
Bearing to Waypoint
001WPT
Waypoint Mark
359. 9°M TTG4D02H23M
19. 9nm ETA1st 13:45
Range to Waypoint
NU
Presentation
Mode
Estimated Time of
Arrival
Presentation
Mode
Own ship NAV
speed and S/C
course
soft key
Turns off NAV
nav data OFF
window soft key
Course, Speed
CSE 359. 9° M
SOG 19. 9kt
Bearing to Waypoint
BRG
RNG
359. 9 ° M
99. 9nm
Range
to
Waypoint
TMP
DPT
79. 9°F
345 ft
Water Temp.*, * Requires appropriate
Depth*
sensor.
Contents of nav data window
3-2
NU
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.2
Compass display
The compass display, shown in combination displays, provides steering
information. The compass rose shows two triangles: the red triangle shows own
ship’s course and the black triangle, which moves with ship’s course, shows the
bearing to destination waypoint.
The water temperature and depth graphs, which require appropriate sensors,
show the latest 10 minutes of water temperature and depth data. The range of
the depth graph is 50 feet and it is automatically adjusted with depth.
Destination
waypoint
Speed over ground
Range to destination waypoint
Speed through water
003WPT
Time-to-go
to destination
Destination
waypoint
bearing
(black)
Depth
graph*
TTG
RNG
9 9 . 9 nm
10.0
kt STW 10.0 kt
SOG
0D 9H 59M
ETA
BRG
3 5 9 . 9 °M
DPT
45.2ft
0
TMP
1 6 . 2 °F
20
N
w
50
* = Requires appropriate
sensor.
Shown (in red
on color model)
when direction to
steer is "left."
Bearing scale
23th23:59
Ship's course
(red)
E
CSE
3 5 9 . 9 °M
Estimated time of
arrival at destination
Water
temperature
graph*
10
Direction to steer
(green)
Own ship marker
(Black when within
XTE range, yellow when over.)
XTE monitor
(See next page for
description.)
Compass display
3-3
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Reading the XTE (cross-track error) monitor
The XTE monitor, located below the compass rose, shows the distance you are
off course and the direction to steer to return to course. The own ship marker
moves according to direction and distance off course. It is shown in black when
the amount of cross-track error is within the XTE monitor range and yellow when
it is over. An arrow appears at the right or left side of the XTE monitor and it
shows the direction to steer to return to intended course. It is shown in red when
you should steer left, and green when you should steer right. In the example on
the previous page you would steer right to return to course. To maintain course,
steer the vessel so the own ship marker stays at the center of the XTE monitor.
Soft keys
You can show the soft keys for the compass display by pressing the
[HIDE/SHOW] key.
COMPSS CNTRL: On the radar/plotter/compass combination display you can
switch control to the compass display by pressing the CNTRL soft key to select
COMPSS.
EDIT XT-LMT: Sets the range for XTE monitor scale. See the procedure below
for how to set.
RESET XTE: This soft key may be operated to restart navigation, when a
destination is set. Press the EDIT XT-LMT soft key followed by the RESET XTE
soft key. The following message is displayed.
RESTART NAVGATION TO
CURRENT WPT.
ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
Setting the range for the XTE monitor
1. With the compass (or highway) display shown, press the EDIT XT-LMT soft
key to display the following window.
XTE LIMIT
0 .1nm
XTE range setting window
2. Use the trackball to select digit to change. Note that all digits may be cleared
by pressing the [CLEAR] key.
3. Enter value with the alphanumeric keys.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to set, or press the CANCEL soft key to cancel.
3-4
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.3
Highway display
The highway display, shown in combination displays, provides a graphic
presentation of ship’s track along intended course. It is useful for monitoring
ship’s progress toward a waypoint. The own ship marker shows the relation
between ship and intended course. The XTE monitor shows the direction and
amount your vessel is off course – the arrow shows the direction to steer to
return to your course and the numeric the distance you are off course. Using the
figure below as an example, you would steer right 0.009 nm to return to course.
To maintain course, steer the vessel so the own ship marker stays aligned with
the intended course line.
Destination
waypoint
WPT001
Time-to-go
to destination
TTG
Range to destination waypoint
RNG
SOG
99.9 nm
10.0kt
STW
0D 9H 59M
ETA
Speed over ground,
speed through water
10.0 kt
23th23:59
WPT001
Estimated time of
arrival at destination
Destination
waypoint
Intended course
Own ship marker
0.9 nm
Shown (in red) when
direction to steer
is "left."
0.9 nm
0.009nm
XTE range
Direction to steer
(green)
XTE monitor
Highway display
Soft keys
You can show the soft keys for the highway display by pressing the
[HIDE/SHOW] key.
HIWAY CNTRL: On the radar/plotter/compass combination display you can
switch control to the highway display by pressing the CNTRL soft key to show
HIWAY.
EDIT XT-LMT: Sets the range for XTE monitor scale. See the procedure on the
previous page for how to set.
RESET XTE: This soft key may be operated to restart navigation, when a
destination is set. Press the EDIT XT-LMT soft key followed by the RESET XTE
soft key. See the previous page for details.
3-5
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.4
Nav data display
The nav data display provides comprehensive navigation data, and it is shown in
a three-screen combination display. The user may select what data to display
and where to display it. For details see the paragraph “5.8 Nav Data Display
Setup.”
Appropriate sensors are required. Bars ( - -) appear when corresponding sensor
is not connected.
Position
POSITION
34° 34. 5678' N
120° 34. 5678' W
WPT POSITION
34° 14. 5678' N
120° 14. 5678' W
SOG
STW
COURSE
10.0 kt
10.0 kt
101.6° M
RANGE
BEARING
9.2° M
0.18 nm
TEMP
DEPTH
1324.1 ft
18.2 °C
Water temperature
Depth
Range to
Bearing to
waypoint
Waypoint
Course
Speed through
water
Waypoint
Speed over ground
Position
Nav data displays
3-6
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.2
Presentation Mode
Three types of presentation modes are provided for the plotter display: north-up,
course-up and auto course-up. To change the presentation mode, press the
[HIDE/SHOW] key followed by the MODE soft key. Each press of the key
changes the presentation mode and presentation mode indication (top
right-hand corner of the screen) cyclically in the sequence of North-up,
Course-up and Auto course-up.
3.2.1
North-up
North (zero degree) is at the top of the display and own ship is shown with a
filled circle. This mode is useful for long-range navigation.
34° 22. 3456’N
080° 22. 3456’E
359.9°M TRIP NU
19.9 kt
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
16.0nm
MODE
NTH UP
NAV
POS
WP-002
D.BOX
ON/OFF
FISH
BRIDGE
Plotter display, north-up mode
3-7
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.2.2
Course-up
The course-up mode is useful for monitoring ship’s progress towards a waypoint.
The destination is at the top of the screen when a destination is set. When no
destination is set, the course or heading is at the top of the screen at the
moment the course-up mode is selected. A filled triangle marks own ship’s
position.
Note: The data sentences GGA and VTG must be output from the NavNet
display unit connected to the GPS navigator in order to correctly orient the
own ship marker in the course-up mode on other NavNet display units.
34° 22. 3456'N 272.4°M TRIP CU
080° 22. 3456'E 15.9 nm
99.9 nm
WPT 001
MARK
16.0nm
ENTRY
+
MODE
CSE UP
CENTER
GOTO
CURSOR
D.BOX
ON/OFF
Plotter display, course-up mode, destination set
3.2.3
Auto course-up
The course is at the top of screen at the moment the auto course-up mode is
selected. In this mode, the current course is kept at the top of the screen when
the change is within 22.5 degrees. For example, if your vessel turns larger than
22.5 degrees to port or starboard, the chart display will rotate so that your course
is pointing towards the top of the screen again. A filled triangle marks own ship’s
position.
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
16.0nm
272.4°M TRIP CU
15.9 nm 99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
AT CU
CENTER
GOTO
CURSOR
D. BOX
ON/ OFF
Plotter display, auto course-up mode
3-8
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.3
Shifting the Display
The plotter display can be shifted as below.
1. Use the trackball to locate the cursor at a screen edge. The screen shifts in
the direction opposite of cursor location.
2. To turn off the cursor, press the CENTER soft key. This also returns the own
ship marker to the screen center.
3.4
Chart Scale
Chart scale (range) may be selected with the [RANGE -] or [RANGE +] key. The
[-] key shrinks the chart range (image is expanded); the [+] key expands the cart
range (image is shrunk). The available ranges are as below.
Charts scales
nm
km
sm
0.125
0.23
0.144
0.25
0.46
0.29
0.5
0.93
0.58
1
1.85
1.15
2
3.70
2.30
4
7.41
4.60
8
14.8
9.21
16
29.6
18.4
32
59.3
36.8
64
119
73.7
128
237
147
256
474
295
512
948
589
1024
1896
1178
2048
3742
2356
Note: When the display is expanded or shrunk beyond the range of the chart
card in use the message “NO CHART” appears, along with the appropriate
chart icon. See the illustration on the next page for details.
3-9
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5
Chart Cards
3.5.1
Chart card overview
Your system reads FURUNO and NavCharts™ (NAVIONICS) charts, or C-MAP
charts, depending on the type of display unit you have.
When you insert a suitable chart card in the slot and own ship is near any
cartographic object, a chart appears. If a wrong card is inserted or a wrong chart
scale is selected, landmasses will appear hollow. Chart icons appear at the top
of the display to help you select a suitable chart scale. The table below shows
the chart icons and their meanings.
Chart icons and their meanings
Icon
Meaning
Proper card is not inserted or
chart scale is too small.
Operate the RANGE key to
adjust chart scale.
Chart scale is too large.
Operate the RANGE key to
adjust chart scale.
Suitable chart scale is
selected.
3-10
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5.2
Indices and chart enlargement
When the [RANGE] key is operated, you will see several frames appear on the
chart. These frames are called indices and they show you what parts of the chart
can be enlarged in the current range.
Sample chart (Japan), showing indices
When a chart cannot be displayed
A chart will not be displayed in the following conditions:
• When the chart scale is too large or too small.
• When scrolling the chart outside the indices.
When this happens, select proper chart scale.
Note: Indices can be turned on or off. For further details see “Chart border line”
on page 5-14 for FURUNO and NAVIONICS charts and page 5-16 for
C-MAP charts.
3-11
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5.3
FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts
Chart symbols
The table below shows FURUNO and NavCharts™ chart symbols and their
meanings.
Chart symbols
Symbol
Symbol
Description
Description
Summit
Position of Sounding
Wreck
Obstruction
Lighthouse
Fishing Reef
Lighted Buoy
Platform
Buoy
Anchorage
Radio Station
Data for aids to navigation
Selected FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts can show buoy and lighthouse data.
Simply place the cursor on the lighthouse or buoy mark.
Place the cursor on
a lighthouse or buoy mark.
Lighthouse mark
Example of data displayed
Range and bearing
from own ship
Period (ex.: 6 seconds)
Visibility in nautical
mile (ex.: 12 miles)
NAVAID: /FL 6S 12M
FROM OS
52.38nm 48.0°
FL : Flashing
F
: Fixed light
F FL : Fixed and Flashing light
MO : Morse code light
Oc : Occulting light
Example of buoy, lighthouse data
3-12
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Port service icons
Selected NavCharts show services available at ports, with icons.
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the sailboat icon (denotes a port or
harbor) desired.
2. Push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Roll the trackball horizontally to select icon desired at the top of the display.
The services available appear directly below the icon selected.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Detailed information of service
selected
Emergency
medical service
Fueling station
Water
supply station
Traveler's
service station
Customer
service station
Marine
equipment service
List of services
at the port selected
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M TRIP NU
19.9 kt
99.9 nm
FIRST AID
16.0nm
CANCEL
Sailboat icon (Port)
Information center
Port
Plotter display, showing port service display
Current (or tide) data
Some NavCharts provide for calculation of
the current (or tide) data for any date.
Additionally it displays the time of sunrise
and sunset, moon shape (on current data.)
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor on
a current icon ( ).
2. Press the [ENTER] knob to show the
current window.
3. Press the DATE soft key, and then enter
the date desired.
4. Press the ENTER soft key.
34 24. 3456 N 359.9
+Time:
12404:35
24. 3456 W 59.9kt
0.86
Speed (KT): 0.45ft
NU
Current
024nm
0.74
Angle ( ): 142
0.61
21/08/02 +00
0.48
0.35
0
DATE
4 8 12 16 20 24
Max. Time Speed Aug. Slack
KT
AT
Flood 4:58 1.2
323 7:58
Ebb 23:15 1.2 323 20:15
Flood 17:15 1.1 145 15:15
Ebb 23:15 1.2 323 20:15
Moonphase: FULLY IN 1 DAY
Sunrise: 05:03 Moonrise: 14:06
Sunset: 19:10 Moonset: 02:15
RETURN
Current data display
3-13
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5.4
C-MAP charts
Cursor and data display
Besides its fundamental functions of providing position data, the cursor can also
show information about caution area, depth area, source of data, etc. on C-MAP
charts. In addition, you can display information about an icon by placing the
cursor on it.
1. Move the trackball to turn the cursor on.
2. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the position desired.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the Objects window.
Objects
Spot Sounding
Depth area
Exclusive economic zone
Military practice area
Restricted area
Source of data
Objects window
4. Use the trackball to select the item desired.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to display details for object selected.
Depth area
Depth range value1
0.00 Meters
Depth range value2
1829.00 Meters
Example of caution area window
6. Press the CANCEL soft key to close the window.
7. Press the CANCEL soft key to finish.
3-14
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Icon data
You may place the cursor on any icon to find information about the selected icon.
1. For example, place the cursor on a lighthouse icon.
Place the cursor on a lighthouse icon.
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M
TRIP NU
19.9 kt
99.9 nm
16.0nm
MARK
ENTRY
+
MODE
NTH UP
CENTER
GO TO
CURSOR
D. BOX
ON /OFF
Lighthouse icon
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to show data. For example, the following window
appears for a lighthouse.
Objects
Lighthouse
Tower
Light
Underwater Rock
Depth contour
Depth contour
Depth area
Source of data
Object windows
3. Use the trackball to select the item desired.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to display detailed information.
3-15
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Navigation mark, fixed
Light.
Color
white
Height
7. 00 Meters
Light characteristic
occulting
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXX
Sample lighthouse data
5. If necessary, move the trackball downward or upward to scroll the window.
6. Press the CANCEL soft key twice to finish.
Tide information
The C-MAP NT chart card provides for calculation of the tide heights for any
date. Additionally it displays the times of sunrise and sunset.
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor on a Tide icon ( T ).
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the Objects window.
34 24. 3456 N 359.9
+124
OBJECTS
24. 3456 W 59.9kt
NU
024nm
Tide height
Cartographic area
Source of data
T
RETURN
Objects window
3. Use the trackball to select Tide height.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the TIDE window.
3-16
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Horizontal
Cursor
Vertical
Cursor
34 24. 3456 N 359.9
+Time:
124 04:35
24. 3456 W 59.9kt
NU
TIDE
024nm
0.86
Height: 0.45ft
Draught: 0.65ft
28/10/98 -05
43° 32.860N
010° 18.022E
0.74
DATE
0.61
0.48
0.35
0
4 8 12 16 20 24
Port information
LIVORNO (LEGHORN)
High Water(max) 0.86ft(13:30 L)
Low Water(min) 0.35ft(21:00 L)
Sunrise 07:52L
Sunset 16:53 L
RETURN
Tide window
5. Press the DATE soft key to open the DATE window.
CHANGE DATE
(DAY. MONTH. YEAR)
2 8. 10. 1998
LIMIT: 31.12.2099
Date window
6. Use the trackball to position the cursor where desired, then enter date with
the alphanumeric keys. Repeat to enter complete date.
7. Push the [ENTER] knob to show the tidal graph for entered date.
8. Use the trackball to locate the vertical cursor on the hour desired.
9. Use the trackball to shift the horizontal cursor to select draught.
10. See the time, height and draught indications in left of the tide graph for tide
information.
11. Press the CANCEL soft key twice to close the TIDE window.
Port service icons
Selected C-MAP shows services available at ports,
with lists.
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the
sailboat icon (denotes a port or harbor) desired.
2. Push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Select the service name desired. The services
available appear.
4. Press the CANCEL soft key.
Objects
Port area
Port/Marine
Fuel station
Water
Electricity
Showers
Pubric toilets
Pubric telephone
C-map, port service display
3-17
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6
Working with Track
Your ship’s track is plotted on the screen using navigation data fed from
position-fixing equipment. This section shows you what you can do with track,
from turning it on or off to changing its plotting interval. In the default setting, own
ship’s track is turned on and is displayed in red.
3.6.1
Displaying track
Own ship track
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
OWN SHIP TRACK COLOR
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
TARGET TRACK COLOR
INTERVAL
TIME INTERVAL
DISTANCE INTERVAL
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
(MARK MEMORY)
ON
RED
ON
WHITE
TIME
00m10s
00.10nm
2000 POINTS
(6000)POINTS
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
TRACK
CONTROL
EDIT
TRACK
RESUME
ERASE
T&M
MARK
SETUP
RETURN
Track control menu
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Use the trackball to select OWN SHIP TRACK DISP.
Press the EDIT soft key to show the track display window.
Use the trackball to select ON (default setting) or OFF as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: The number of track and mark points used appears at the SHIP’S TRACK
STATUS window on the TRACK CONTROL menu. Using the figure above
as an example, 1234 points of track and 9 marks have been recorded.
3-18
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Target track
Target track, NMEA format TTM (Tracked Target Message) data sentence, may
be turned on or off as desired. The default setting is ON.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TARGET TRACK DISPLAY.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the target track display window.
4. Use the trackball to select to ON (default setting) or OFF as appropriate.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.6.2
Stopping, restarting plotting of own ship track
When your boat is at anchor or returning to port you probably won’t need to
record its track. You can stop recording the track, to conserve the track memory,
as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Track is plotted
ON
RED
ON
WHITE
TIME
00m10s
00.10nm
2000 POINTS
(6000)POINTS
TRACK
CONTROL
EDIT
▲
▲
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
OWN SHIP TRACK COLOR
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
TARGET TRACK COLOR
INTERVAL
TIME INTERVAL
DISTANCE INTERVAL
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
(MARK MEMORY)
TRACK
RESUME
TRACK
RESUME
ERASE
T&M
MARK
SETUP
RETURN
TRACK
HALT
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
OWN SHIP TRACK COLOR
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
TARGET TRACK COLOR
INTERVAL
TIME INTERVAL
DISTANCE INTERVAL
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
(MARK MEMORY)
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
NOT TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
ON
RED
ON
WHITE
TIME
00m10s
00.10nm
2000 POINTS
(6000)POINTS
TRACK
CONTROL
EDIT
TRACK
HALT
ERASE
T&M
MARK
SETUP
RETURN
Track not plotted
Track control menu
2. Press the TRACK RESUME soft key. The soft key now shows “TRACK
HALT” and the indication “TRACKING” in the SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
window changes to “NOT TRACKING.” In addition, the icon “H” is displayed
at the top of the plotter display and own ship marker becomes a hollow circle.
To restart plotting the track, press the TRACK HALT soft key
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-19
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6.3
Changing track color
Track can be displayed in red (default setting), yellow, green, light-blue, purple,
blue and white. It can be useful to change track color on a regular basis to
discriminate between previous day’s track, etc.
Own ship’s track
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select OWN SHIP TRACK COLOR.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the track color window.
TRACK COLOR
▲
¤ RED
¡ YELLOW
¡ GREEN
¡ LIGHT BLUE
¡ PURPLE
¡ BLUE
¡ WHITE
▼
Own ship track color window
4. Use the trackball to select the color desired.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Target track
Like own ship’s track, target tracks can be displayed in red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue and white (default setting).
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TARGET TRACK COLOR.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the track color window.
4. Use the trackball to select the color desired.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-20
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6.4
Track plotting method and interval for own ship track
In drawing the own ship track, first the ship’s position fed from position-fixing
equipment is stored into the unit’s memory at an interval of time or distance. A
shorter interval provides for better reconstruction of the track, but the storage
time of the track is reduced. When the track memory becomes full, the oldest
track is erased to make room for the latest.
Track plotting method
Track may be plotted by time or distance. The default setting is “time.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select INTERVAL.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the plot window.
INTERVAL
▲
¤ TIME
¡ DISTANCE
▼
Interval window
4. Use the trackball to select TIME or DISTANCE as appropriate. Distance is
useful for conserving track memory, since no track is recorded when the boat
is stationary.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Track plotting interval
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TIME INTERVAL or DISTANCE INTERVAL as
appropriate.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the time or distance interval window,
depending on what you selected at step 2.
TIME INTERVAL
Setting range: 0 min 1 sec (continuous) - 99 min 59 sec
Default setting: 10 sec
00m10s
(When selecting TIME INTERVAL.)
DISTANCE INTERVAL
Setting range: 0.01 nm (continuous) - 99.99 nm (km, sm)
Default setting: 0.1 nm
00.10nm
(When selecting DISTANCE INTERVAL.)
Interval windows
3-21
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. Use the trackball to select digit and enter value with the alphanumeric keys.
The CLEAR soft key functions to clear an entire line of data.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob or ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.6.5
Changing own ship track/mark distribution setting
The equipment stores a total of 8000 points of track and marks. This amount
may be distributed as desired, and the default setting is 2000 points of track and
6000 points for marks.
When you change the track memory setting, all tracks and marks in the memory
are erased. If necessary save the data to a memory card. For further details see
the paragraph “6.1.2 Saving data to a memory card.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select MEMORY (TRACK & MARK).
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the track memory window.
TRACK MEMORY
2000/8000 POINTS
Track memory window
4. Use the trackball to select digit and use the alphanumeric keys to enter
value.
5. Push the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are
sure to change the track memory capacity.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-22
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6.6
Erasing track
This paragraph shows you how to erase own ship’s track and target tracks. You
can erase ship’s track three ways: collectively, by color and by area.
Erasing own ship track by area
You can erase own ship’s track by area as below. This feature is not available
when the overlay mode is in use.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
ERASE ALL TRACKS
ERASE
ERASE TRACKS BY AREA
ERASE TRACKS BY COLOR
EDIT
ERASE TARGET TRACKS
ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES
ERASE MARKS BY AREA
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Erase menu
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE TRACKS BY AREA, then press the EDIT
soft key. The menu is erased and the plotter display appears.
3. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the top left-hand corner of the area
which you want to ease track from.
4. Press the START soft key or the [ENTER] knob.
5. Move the cursor to the bottom right-hand corner of the area which you want
to ease track from.
6. Press the END soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are sure
to delete the track.
7. Push the [ENTER] knob to delete the track selected.
8. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-23
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Erasing own ship track by color
You may erase own ship’s track by color as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE TRACKS BY COLOR, then press the
EDIT soft key.
ERASE TRK BY COLOR
▲
¤ RED
¡ YELLOW
¡ GREEN
¡ LIGHT BLUE
¡ PURPLE
¡ BLUE
¡ WHITE
▼
Erase track by color window
3. Use the trackball to select the color you want to erase, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase the track color selected.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Erasing all own ship track
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE ALL TRACKS, then press the EDIT soft
key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all own ship track.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Erasing all target tracks
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE TARGET TRACKS, then press the EDIT
soft key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all target tracks.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-24
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.7
Marks, Lines
Marks are useful for denoting important points such as a good fishing spot.
Marks can be inscribed in seven shapes and seven colors: Red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue and white.
¡
3.7.1
✕
Entering a mark, line
1. Place the cursor where you want a mark to appear.
2. Press the [SHOW/HIDE] key (if necessary) followed by the MARK ENTRY
soft key.
The mark is inscribed in the size, color and shape selected on the mark & line
menu. The default mark attributes are size, large; color, yellow, and shape,
hollow circle (○).
3.7.2
Changing mark attributes
You can select the shape, size and color for marks on the MARKS & LINES
menu.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
2. Press the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS CONTROL and MARK
SETUP soft keys to show the MARKS & LINES menu.
MARKS/LINES COLOR YELLOW
MARKS SHAPE
LINES STYLE
MARKS SIZE
¡
.
MARKS &
LINES
EDIT
LARGE
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Marks & lines menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Select MARKS/LINES COLOR, then press the EDIT soft key.
Use the trackball to choose color desired (default setting: yellow).
Press the ENTER soft key.
Select MARKS SHAPE, then press the EDIT soft key.
3-25
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
MARKS SHAPE
▲
¤ ¡
¡
¡
¡ ✕
¡
¡
¡
▼
Marks shape window
7. Use the trackball to select mark shape desired, then press the ENTER soft
key.
8. Select MARKS SIZE, then press the EDIT soft key.
9. Use the trackball to select LARGE (default setting) or SMALL as appropriate.
10. Press the ENTER soft key.
11. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3.7.3
Selecting line type
You may inscribe lines to denote good fishing spots, areas of special interest, etc.
You can even construct simple charts.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and MARK SETUP soft keys to show the MARKS & LINES
menu.
MARKS/LINES COLOR YELLOW
¡
MARKS SHAPE
.
LINES STYLE
MARKS SIZE
MARKS &
LINES
EDIT
LARGE
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Marks & lines menu
2. Select LINES STYLE, then press the EDIT soft key.
LINES STYLE
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
- - - -
▼
Lines style window
3-26
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3. Use the trackball to select line style desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
The line style “dot” disables line drawing. Edge of lines is determined by
mark shape. For example, selecting the circle shape will join lines with a
circle as below.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3.7.4
Erasing marks, lines
Erasing an individual mark
1. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the mark you want to erase.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key to erase the mark.
Erasing an individual line
Place the cursor on an end of the line to erase, then press the [CLEAR] key.
Placing the cursor at the intersecting point of two line segments will erase both
line segments.
Erasing marks, lines by area
This feature is not available when the overlay mode is in use.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE MARKS BY AREA, then press the EDIT
soft key. The menu is erased and the plotter display appears.
3. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the top left-hand corner of the area
which you want to erase marks and lines from.
4. Press the START soft key or the [ENTER] knob.
5. Move the cursor to the bottom right-hand corner of the area which you want
to erase marks and lines from.
6. Press the END soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are sure
to delete the marks/lines selected. Press the [ENTER] knob to delete.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Erasing all marks, lines
You can erase all marks and lines collectively. Be absolutely sure you want to
erase all marks and lines - erased marks and lines cannot be restored.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES, then press the EDIT
soft key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all marks and lines.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-27
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8
Waypoints
In navigation terminology, a waypoint is a particular location on a voyage
whether it be a starting, intermediate or destination point. A waypoint is the
simplest piece of information your equipment requires to get you to a destination,
in the shortest distance possible.
This unit has 999 waypoints into which you can enter position information. You
may enter a waypoint five ways: at own ship position, at MOB position (see page
1-14 for details), by cursor, by range and bearing, and through the waypoint list
(manual input of latitude and longitude).
3.8.1
Entering waypoints
Entering a waypoint at own ship position
Press the [SAVE/MOB] key momentarily to store your position as a waypoint.
This new waypoint is saved to the waypoint list, under the youngest empty
waypoint number.
Entering a waypoint with the cursor
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and WAYPOINT BY
CURSOR soft keys. The plotter display appears.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor where you want to enter a waypoint.
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key. The waypoint window appears and it shows
waypoint mark shape, waypoint name, comment (default: time and date),
position of waypoint and proximity alarm radius.
NEW
WPT
MARK NAME
▲
0 0 1 W 359.9°
PT
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
SELECT
MARK
COMMENT
002WPT
02:36 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN00
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
LAT
LON
359.9°
0.00nm
34° 12. 134'N
COORD
TYPE
N< - - >S
E< - - >W
003WPT
1 3 400:00
° 1 201JAN00
. 345'W
SAVE
34°44.000'N
359.9°
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
PROXIMITY
ALARM RADIUS
0. 00nm
RETURN
Waypoint window
5. If you do not need to change the waypoint data, press the SAVE soft key
to register the waypoint. The steps which follow show you how to change
waypoint data.
3-28
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
6. Press the SELECT MARK soft key.
7. Press the MARK SHAPE soft key to open the mark shape selection window.
SELECT MARK
Waypoint mark shape selection window
8. Operate the trackball to select shape desired.
9. Press the ENTER soft key.
10. Press the SELECT MARK and MARK COLOR soft keys in that order to open
the waypoint mark color selection window. Select the color desired, then
press the ENTER soft key.
SELECT COLOR
▲
¤ RED
¡ YELLOW
¡ GREEN
¡ LIGHT BLUE
¡ PURPLE
¡ BLUE
¡ WHITE
▼
Waypoint mark color selection window
Note: You cannot change the shape and color of a waypoint when the
proximity alarm radius for it is other than “zero.” To change shape or
color, enter all zeroes as the proximity alarm radius.
11. You can change the name (6 characters), comment (13 characters), L/L
position and the proximity alarm radius for a waypoint as follows:
a) Use the trackball to select the NAME, COMMENT, position box or
PROXIMITY ALARM RADIUS field. (“Proximity alarm radius” provides for
audio and visual alarms when your boat nears a waypoint by the distance
specified. The proximity alarm must be turned on in the ALARM menu to
use this feature. For details see the paragraph “3.11.6 Proximity alarm.”)
b) Use the trackball to select location.
c) Enter appropriate alphanumeric character with the alphanumeric keys.
12. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
13. Enter another waypoint, or press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-29
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Entering a waypoint by range and bearing
This method is useful when you want to enter a waypoint using range and
bearing to a target found on a radar.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and WAYPOINT BY RNG &
BRG soft keys.
3. A red “X” appears at own ship position, and it is the origin point for range and
bearing. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the location desired.
Range and bearing from own ship to the cursor appear at the top of the
display.
Note: The origin point of range and bearing can be shifted to the location
desired. Operate the trackball to select location, then press the START
POINT soft key.
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key. The waypoint window appears and it shows
mark shape, waypoint name, comment (default: date and time), position of
waypoint and proximity alarm radius.
NEW
WPT
MARK NAME
▲
0 0 1 W 359.9°
PT
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
SELECT
MARK
COMMENT
002WPT
02:36 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN00
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
LAT
LON
359.9°
0.00nm
34° 12. 134'N
COORD
TYPE
N< - - >S
E< - - >W
003WPT
1 3 400:00
° 1 201JAN00
. 345'W
SAVE
34°44.000'N
359.9°
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
PROXIMITY
ALARM RADIUS
0. 00nm
RETURN
Waypoint window
5. If necessary, change waypoint data following the instructions from step 6 in
“Entering a waypoint with the cursor” on page 3-29.
6. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
7. Enter another waypoint as above, or press the [MENU] key to finish.
3-30
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Entering a waypoint from the waypoint list
You can manually enter waypoint position from the waypoint list as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
3. Press the LOCAL LIST (lists waypoints in order from nearest to furthest) or
ALPHANUMERIC LIST (lists waypoints in ALPHANUMERIC order) soft key.
ABALONE BRG
00:00 01JAN01
CRAB
00:00 01JAN01
FISH
00:00 01JAN01
WPT
ALPHA
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
BRG
RNG
BRG
RNG
00:00 01JAN01
050.9°
1.98nm
CRAB
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
144.9°
4.93nm
ERASE
WPT
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
00:00 01JAN01
BRG
RNG
BRG
RNG
350.9°
3.80nm
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
LOBSTER BRG
RNG
00:00 01JAN01
050.9°
1.98nm
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
RNG
00:00 01JAN01
065.9°
1.83nm
144.9°
4.93nm
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
RETURN
---
Alphanumeric waypoint list
WPT
LOCAL
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
ABALONE BRG
065.9°
1.83nm
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
RNG
FISH
GOTO
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
LOBSTER BRG
00:00 01JAN01
350.9°
3.80nm
▲
▲
RNG
GOTO
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
ERASE
WPT
RETURN
Local waypoint list
Alphanumeric and local waypoint lists
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key to show the waypoint window (see the figure
on the previous page). Own ship position is shown in the position box.
5. Select the position box and enter position desired.
6. If desired, change waypoint data following the instructions from step 6 in
“Entering a waypoint with the cursor” on page 3-29.
7. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.8.2
Editing waypoint data
Waypoint data may be edited from the waypoint list or directly from the plotter
display.
Editing waypoint data from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key as appropriate.
Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to edit.
Press the EDIT WPT soft key.
Edit data as appropriate.
Press the SAVE soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-31
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Editing a waypoint from the plotter display
You may edit waypoints from the plotter display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and
WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINT BY CURSOR soft key.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint which you want to
change. A flashing diamond mark appears on the waypoint when it is
correctly selected.
4. Press the EDIT/MOVE soft key. Three soft keys replace the EDIT/MOVE soft
key:
EDIT WPT: Edit from the waypoint entry window.
MOVE WPT: Move waypoint to new position with the cursor.
ERASE WPT: Erase waypoint. See paragraph 3.8.3.
5. Press the appropriate soft key. For the “EDIT WPT,” the waypoint entry
window appears; edit data as appropriate. For “MOVE WPT,” do the
following:
a) Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the location desired for the
waypoint. A line connects previous position and new position.
b) Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint moves to the cursor position and its
position is changed on the waypoint list. If the waypoint is set as
destination or is part of a route, you are asked if you are sure to move the
waypoint. In this case, push the [ENTER] knob to move the waypoint, or
press the [CLEAR] key to cancel.
c) Press the [MENU] key to finish.
Range and bearing from
own ship to cursor
34° 22. 345’N
+ 080°
22. 345’E
16.0nm
(1) Select waypoint to move,
then press EDIT/MOVE
and MOVE WPT soft keys.
(2) Drag cursor to new position,
then push the [ENTER] knob.
86.6°M
TRIP
NU
4.53nm 99.9 nm
Press to alternately display
range/bearing from own ship
to cursor, range/bearing from
original waypoint position to
cursor position.
Below is an example of the
range/bearing from original
waypoint position to cursor
position.
RNG
BRG
FISH
WP-002
BRIDGE
CANCEL
+
Plotter display
3-32
34° 22. 3456’N
080° 22. 3456’E
FROM 5.3°M
FISH
1.45 nm
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.3
Erasing waypoints
Erasing a waypoint directly from the plotter display
1. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint you want to erase.
A flashing diamond mark appears over the waypoint when the waypoint is
correctly selected.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key. You are asked if you are sure to erase the waypoint.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint is erased from the plotter screen and
the waypoint list.
Erasing a waypoint from the menu
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and
WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINT BY CURSOR soft key.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint which you want to
erase. A flashing diamond mark appears on the waypoint when it is correctly
selected.
4. Press the EDIT/MOVE soft key followed by the ERASE WPT soft key. You
are asked if you are sure to erase the waypoint.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase the waypoint.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. The waypoint is erased from the
plotter screen and the waypoint list.
Erasing a waypoint from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key.
Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to erase.
Press the ERASE WPT soft key. You are asked if you are sure to erase the
waypoint.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint is erased from both the waypoint list
and the plotter screen (if it is currently displayed).
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-33
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.4
Changing waypoint mark size (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
You may change the size of all waypoint marks to small or large (default), or you
may turn them off.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
LAT/LON GRID
GREEN
TEXT INFORMATION
ON
WAYPOINTS
LARGE
WAYPOINT NAMES
ON
CHART BORDER LINES
ON
LANDMASS
BRT YELLOW
BACKGROUND
BLACK
NAVAIDS
ON
LIGHT SECTOR INFO
ON
OTHER SYMBOLS
WHITE
MARK SIZE
LARGE
CHART
DETAILS
EDIT
CNTOUR
LINE
RETURN
Chart details menu
3. Use the trackball to select WAYPOINTS.
4. Press the EDIT soft key.
5. Use the trackball to select LARGE, SMALL or OFF.
LARGE: Shows mark in actual shape.
SMALL: Displays all waypoints with an “X” regardless of mark shape
selected.
OFF:
Turns off all waypoints and their names. Waypoints currently used
in navigation are shown regardless of this setting.
6. Press the ENTER soft key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-34
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.5
Searching waypoints
You can search for a waypoint through the alphanumeric waypoint list as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and ALPHANUMERIC LIST
soft keys to show the alphanumeric list.
ABALONE BRG
▲
RNG
00:00 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN01
065.9°
1.83nm
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
LOBSTER BRG
RNG
00:00 01JAN01
GOTO
050.9°
1.98nm
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
BRG
RNG
FISH
WPT
ALPHA
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
BRG
RNG
CRAB
350.9°
3.80nm
144.9°
4.93nm
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
---
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
ERASE
WPT
RETURN
Search window
Alphanumeric list
3. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter up to three
alphanumeric characters in the search window. Then, the waypoint searched
appears at the top of the screen.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-35
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9
Routes
Often a trip from one place to another involves several course changes,
requiring a series of route points (waypoints) which you navigate to, one after
another. The sequence of waypoints leading to the ultimate destination is called
a route. Your unit can automatically advance to the next waypoint on a route, so
you do not have to change the destination waypoint repeatedly.
You can store up to 200 routes, and a route may have 35 waypoints.
3.9.1
Creating routes
Entering a route with existing waypoints
This method constructs routes by using existing waypoints.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the ROUTES soft key to open the ROUTE menu. (No data will be
shown if there are no routes entered.)
Total length of route
Route name
▲
Number of waypoints
in route
001
LENGTH
25.6 nm
WAYPOINTS
35
002
LENGTH
21.1 nm
WAYPOINTS
3
004
GOTO
LENGTH
56.7 nm
WAYPOINTS
2
003
ROUTE
LENGTH
21.1 nm
NEW
ROUTE
EDIT
ROUTE
ERASE
ROUTE
WAYPOINTS
3
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
RETURN
---
Route menu
3-36
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. Press the NEW ROUTE soft key to open the new route entry screen.
ROUTE NAME
001
COMMENT
NEW
ROUTE
PLOT
LOCAL
LIST
ALPHA
LIST
CONECT
CANCEL
New route entry screen
5. If desired you can change the route name shown and/or add a comment. A
route name may consist of six characters; comment, 13 characters.
6. Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHA LIST soft key to open the waypoint list.
7. Use the trackball to select a waypoint, then press the ADD WPT soft key to
add it to the route.
8. Repeat step 7 to complete the route.
Note: To clear last-entered waypoint, press the ERASE LST WP soft key.
Each press of this key deletes the last waypoint entered.
9. Press the SAVE soft key to register the route.
10. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Entering a route with the cursor
This method allows you to construct a route directly from the plotter display,
using existing waypoints or new positions. Any new position will be saved as a
waypoint, under the youngest empty waypoint number.
1. Follow steps 1-5 in “Entering a route from the route list” on the previous
page.
2. Press the PLOT soft key to show the plotter display.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on an existing waypoint (ADD WP
soft key appears) or new location (ADD NEW WP soft key appears).
4. Press the ADD WP soft key (or ADD NEW WP soft key).
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to complete the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to register the route.
3-37
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Creating voyage-based routes
You can create routes based on your ship’s track. The route can be created
automatically by time or distance, or manually. This feature is useful when you
wish to retrace previous track.
The “SAVE” icon ( V E ) appears at the top of the screen when a voyage-based
route is being created.
SA
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the CREATE VOYAGE-BASED ROUTE soft key.
▲
001
SAVE
ROUTE
LENGTH
25.6 nm
WAYPOINTS
35
002
NEW
LENGTH
56.7 nm
SELECT
ROUTE
WAYPOINTS
2
003
LENGTH
21.1 nm
WAYPOINTS
3
004
LENGTH
21.1 nm
WAYPOINTS
3
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
RETURN
---
Save route menu
4. Press the NEW soft key to show the new route window.
Note: If you want to tack voyage-based points onto the end of an existing
route, select the route with the trackball, then press the SELECT
ROUTE soft key instead of the NEW soft key. Then, go to step 6.
ROUTE NAME
Next consecutive route number
006
COMMENT
SAVE
ROUTE
BCKTRK
TIME
BCKTRK
DIST
MANUAL
USE FURUNO BACK TRACK FUNCTION
TO AUTOMATICALLY CREATE ROUTE
BY TIME OR DISTANCE.
CANCEL
Save route window
5. If required, you may change the route name and enter a comment.
3-38
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
6. Choose how to record points for your route, by time, by range or manual
entry, by pressing BCKTRK TIME, BCKTRK RANGE or MANUAL soft key as
appropriate. For manual entry, go to step 8. For BCKTRK TIME, BCKTRK
DIST one of the following displays appears.
TIME INTERVAL
DISTANCE INTERVAL
00h01m
(When selecting BCKTRK TIME.)
00.1nm
(When selecting BCKTRK DIST.)
Displays for entry of time, distance interval
7. Enter interval desired with the trackball and the alphanumeric keys. Press the
START LOG and RETURN soft keys followed by the [MENU] key to close the
menu. At this moment, a voyage-based route will be created.
8. For manual entry of waypoints, do the following:
a) Press the [SAVE/MOB] key momentarily to enter a waypoint mark at own
ship position. A new waypoint is created under the youngest empty
waypoint number and added to the route. (At this time you may close the
SAVE ROUTE screen by pressing the RETURN soft key followed by the
[MENU] key.)
b) Repeat step a) as necessary. 35 waypoints may be entered.
To stop recording waypoints and save the route
You can stop recording waypoints and save the route as shown in the procedure
below. When 35 waypoints have been entered the message “Total 35 WPTS
have been already registered in the route. Stop creating voyage-based route.” is
displayed. In this case, automatically creating voyage-based route stops.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and CREATE
VOYAGE-BASED ROUTE soft keys.
2. Press the FINISH LOG soft key to stop recording waypoints and save the
route.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-39
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.2
Connecting routes
Two routes which you have created can be connected as follows to form a new
route.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Press the NEW ROUTE soft key.
If desired enter route name and comment.
Press the CONECT soft key.
Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter the route name for the
first route, beneath FIRST in the connect route window.
ROUTE NAME
001
NEW
ROUTE
F < -- > R
COMMENT
CONNECT ROUTE
FIRST
SECOND
______
______
FORWARD
FORWARD
SAVE
CANCEL
Connect route window
8. Press the F<− −>R soft key to select direction to follow the waypoints of the
route, forward or reverse.
9. Enter the route name of the second route as you did for the first route.
10. Press the SAVE soft key.
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: The maximum number of waypoints in a route is 35. If this number is
exceeded an error message appears. In this case, delete waypoints in one
or both routes so the total number of waypoints does not exceed 35.
3-40
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.3
Inserting waypoints
Waypoints can be inserted in a route as follows:
Inserting a waypoint from the route list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key. The route name screen appears.
Press the LOCAL LIST soft key.
ROUTE NAME: 001
COMMENT:
01
EDIT
ROUTE
48°18.290'N
▲
007WPT 123°14.286'W
02
005WPT
03
003WPT
04
006WPT
48°17.341'N
123°10.232'W
48°20.261'N
123°11.658'W
48°19.862'N
123°04.190'W
LEG
90.0°
2.86nm
322.6°
3.08nm
75.2°
4.99nm
152.5°
19.87nm
INSERT
WPT
REMOVE
WPT
CHANGE
WPT
COORD
TYPE
RETURN
Edit route menu
7. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the location where you want to insert
a waypoint.
8. Press the INSERT WPT or CHANGE WPT soft key as appropriate. The local
waypoint list appears.
LOCAL LIST
▲
001
001WPT
34°44.111'N
135°21.134'W
002
002WPT
34°43.432'N
135°41.456'W
003
003WPT
34°14.124'N
135°21.567'W
004
004WPT
34°34.490'N
135°51.387'W
Waypoint list for editing a route (local list)
3-41
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
9. Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to insert. (You can switch
between the local list and alphanumeric list by using the LOCAL LIST and
ALPHA LIST soft keys.)
10. Press the SELECT WPT or CHANGE WPT soft key, whichever is displayed.
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Inserting a waypoint from the plotter display
Inserting a waypoint before first waypoint or after last waypoint in a route
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key.
Press the PLOT soft key to show the plotter screen.
Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the first (or last) waypoint of the
route. A flashing diamond appears over the waypoint when it is correctly
selected.
8. Press the ADD TO START soft key or the ADD TO END soft key depending
on the waypoint you selected at step 7.
9. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on an existing waypoint (ADD WPT
soft key appears) or new location (ADD NEW WP soft key appears).
10. Press the ADD WPT soft key (ADD NEW WP soft key).
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Inserting a waypoint in an intermediate location on a route
1. Follow steps 1 through 6 in “Inserting a waypoint before the first or last
waypoint in a route.”
2. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on a line connecting waypoints. The
SPLIT LEG soft key appears and the line flashes when it is correctly
selected.
3. Press the SPLIT LEG soft key.
4. Move the cursor to a new location or select an existing waypoint, in which
case the INSERT WPT soft key replaces the INSERT NEW WP soft key.
5. Press the INSERT WPT soft key (INSERT NEW WP soft key).
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-42
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.4
Removing waypoints from a route
Removing a waypoint from the route list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE and LOCAL LIST soft keys.
Select the waypoint you want to remove.
Press the REMOVE WPT soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Removing a waypoint from the plotter display
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key.
Press the PLOT soft key to show the plot screen.
Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint you want to remove
from the route.
8. Press the REMOVE WPT soft key. The route is redrawn, eliminating the
waypoint removed.
9. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.9.5
Erasing routes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the ERASE ROUTE soft key. You are asked if you are sure to erase
the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase the route, or the [CLEAR] key to escape.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-43
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.10
Navigation
This section shows you how to get to a desired destination by “quick points,”
waypoints, port services and routes.
Note: Reciprocal setting and canceling of destination is available by outputting
the data sentence ZDA from the NavNet unit connected to the navigator.
3.10.1
Navigating to a “quick point”
The “quick point” feature allows you to navigate to point(s) without retaining the
data indefinitely in your unit’s memory.
Selecting quick point entry method
You need to tell your unit how to set the quick point: 1 POINT, 35 POINTS (up to
35 points) or 35PTS/PORT SVC. (For how to navigate to points/port services
see “3.10.2 Navigating to ports, port services” on page 3-45.)
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
3. Use the trackball to select SET GOTO METHOD, then press the EDIT soft
key.
GOTO METHOD
¤ 1 POINT
¡ 35 POINTS
¡ 35PTS/PORT SVC
Go to method window
4. Use the trackball to select a method.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Navigating to a single quick point
1. Place the cursor on an existing waypoint (GOTO WPT soft key appears) or a
new location (GOTO CURSOR soft key appears).
2. Select “1 POINT” following the procedure in the above paragraph.
3. Depending on the selection you made at step 1, press the GOTO CURSOR
or GOTO WPT soft key.
A solid light-blue line with arrows connects between own ship and destination,
which is marked as “<QP01>” for cursor-selected location or waypoint name in
case of waypoint. This line shows the shortest course to the destination. Arrows
on the line show the direction to follow to get to the quick point. Range and
bearing from own ship to the destination appear at the top of screen. The quick
point location is saved to the waypoint list as waypoint “QP01.”
3-44
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Navigating to multiple quick points
1. Select “35 POINTS” following the procedure in “Selecting quick point entry
method” on the previous page.
2. Press the GOTO soft key.
3. Place the cursor on an existing waypoint (SELECT WPT soft key appears) or
a new location (ADD QP soft key appears).
4. Depending on the action taken at step 3, press the SELECT WPT or ADD
QP soft key. “QP<01>” appears at the cursor location if a quick point is
selected. To erase last-entered quick point (waypoint), press the ERASE LST
QP (ERASE LST WP) soft key.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to complete the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to finish.
A solid light-blue line with arrows connects between own ship and the first point
and all other points are connected with a green dashed line with arrows. Arrows
on the line show the direction to follow to get to your destination. Quick points
are numbered in sequential order from QP<01> and are saved to the waypoint
list. Range and bearing from own ship to the first destination appear at the top of
screen. The quick points are saved as a route, under the name “Q>RTE” (Quick
Route).
3.10.2
Navigating to waypoints
Selecting a waypoint from the plotter display
1. Operate the trackball to select a waypoint.
2. Press the GOTO WPT soft key.
Note: GOTO method should be selected to “1 POINT” on the PLOTTER SETUP
menu.
Selecting a waypoint from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key as desired.
Use the trackball to select a waypoint.
Press the GOTO soft key, and the plotter display appears.
For either of the above methods, a solid light-blue line with arrows runs between
waypoint selected and own ship’s position. Arrows on the line show the direction
to follow to get to the waypoint. Waypoint data appears at the top of screen.
3-45
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Selecting an external waypoint
You can select a waypoint (or route) entered at an external plotter connected
with NMEA cable. This function requires RMB sentence.
1. Press the [MENU] key, PLOTTER SETUP soft key to show the PLOTTER
SETUP menu.
2. Use the trackball to select QP.
3. Press the ENTER soft key or [ENTER] knob to show the QP window.
QP
¡ EXT WPT (RMB)
¤ INTERNAL
QP window
4. Select EXT WPT (RMB).
5. On a connected external plotter, set a waypoint (or route) as the destination.
Selected waypoint (route) appears on the NavNet plotter screen. (on radar
screen, a lollipop appears to show the waypoint.)
3.10.3
Navigating to ports, port services (NavCharts™/C-MAP)
NavCharts™/C-MAP have a port service list which shows services available at
ports or harbors. (See page 3-13.) You can use the list to set your destination as
follows:
1. Select “35 PTS/PORT SVC” following the procedure in “Selecting quick point
entry method” on page 3-44.
2. Place the cursor on the location desired, then press the GOTO soft key. Soft
key titles change as in the figure below.
40°45.971'N
+ 13°57.462'E
FROM
OS
0.26 nm
180.2°M
GOTO
QUICK
ROUTE
16.0nm
NEAR
SRVC
PUNTA CORNACCHIA
ACCO AMENO
ISCHIA
PORTO
PORT*
CASAMICCIOLA
I. ISCHIA
CANCEL
GOTO
*NavCharts only
TM
Plotter display
3. Press the PORT (NavCharts™ only) or NEAR SRVC soft key depending on
objective. PORT shows a list of ports in your area. NEAR SRVC displays the
port service list.
3-46
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
PORT & SERVICE
SELECT PORT & SRVC
▼
▲
¡
¡
¤
¡
ACCIAROLI
ACQUAMORTA
AGNONE S. NICOLA
AGROPOLI
AMALFI
BAIA
CAPRI
CASA MICCIOLA-ISCHIA
TM
Port list (NavChart , Italy)
¡
¡
¡
¡
PORT & SERVICE
WC
▼
TM
Port services (NavChart )
Port services (C-MAP)
Port services and sample port list
4. If you selected PORT (NavCharts™ only) at step 3, use the trackball to
select a port, then press the ENTER soft key. Make a route using the soft
keys, then push the [ENTER] knob. (If you want to go directly to that port,
simply press the ADD QP soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob.)
If you selected NEAR SRVC at step 3, select service mark desired with the
trackball and then push the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob. Then, the
display shows the locations of those services nearest you. (The figure below
shows the location of filling stations in an area in southern Italy.) Use the
trackball to place the “hand cursor” on the port service icon desired, then
press the ENTER soft key. Make a route using the soft keys, then push the
[ENTER] knob. (If you want to go directly to location selected, simply press
the ADD QP soft key followed by pushing the [ENTER] knob.)
+
40°45.971'N
13°57.462'E
FROM
OS
0.26 nm
180.2°M
GOTO
16.0nm
PUNTA CORNACCHIA
ACCO AMENO
ISCHIA
PORTO
ENTER
CASAMICCIOLA
I. ISCHIA
CANCEL
GOTO
Sample filling station locations (southern Italy)
3-47
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.10.4
Following a route
Selecting the route to follow
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key to open the route list.
Select a route.
Press the GOTO soft key to show the plotter display. The cursor is on the
waypoint nearest own ship.
FISH
359.2°M 104.5°M
83.2nm 10.0 kt
TRIP GOTO
0.7 ROUTE
16.0 nm
WPT002
GOTO
WPT
FISH
WPT001
RVRSE
ROUTE
CRAB
RETURN
Plotter display, route selected as destination
6. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint or leg in the route
from where to start navigating the route.
7. Press the GOTO WPT or FOLLOW LEG soft key, depending on the action
taken at step 6.
A solid light-blue line runs between own ship and first waypoint. Green dashed
lines connect all other waypoints. The arrows on the lines show the direction to
traverse the route.
Navigating waypoints in reverse order
Press the RVRSE ROUTE soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob to navigate
waypoints in reverse order. The arrows on the route line point in the direction
selected.
3-48
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Restarting navigation
When you steer to avoid an obstacle or the vessel drifts, you may go off your
intended course, as in Line 1 in the figure below. Also, if you don’t need to return
to the original course, you can go directly to the next waypoint, as in Line 2 in
the figure below. In these cases, use the restart navigation function to restart
navigation.
Line 2
Obstacle
Line 1
Original course
Example of when to restart navigation
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the LOG soft key.
TO Waypoint (WPT name in reverse video)
Passed waypoint (gray characters)
Estimated Time of Arrival at destination
ETA 23:59 30. APR
01
007WPT
▲
Replaces triangle
when selecting a
route leg.
02
02
005WPT
03
003WPT
04
006WPT
48°18.290'N
123°14.286'W
48°17.341'N
123°10.232'W
48°20.261'N
123°11.658'W
48°19.862'N
123°04.190'W
LOG
LEG
90.0°
2.86nm
RESTART
STOP
322.6°
3.08nm
Replaced by
"FOLLOW LEG"
when selecting
a route leg.
RVRSE
75.2°
4.99nm
SPEED
152.5°
19.87nm
COORD
TYPE
Log display
4. Use the trackball to select a waypoint or a route leg. When a route leg is
selected the single arrow cursor is replaced by double arrows.
5. Press the RESTART soft key or FOLLOW LEG soft key in case of route leg.
Note: Navigation may be restarted from the plotter display, with the
RESTART key, when a single quick point (QP<01>) is selected for
navigation.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-49
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Setting speed for ETA calculation
Speed, which may be input manually or automatically, is required to calculate
ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) to a destination.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the LOG soft key.
Press the SPEED soft key.
SPEED FOR ETA
▲
¤ SPD 010.0kt
¡ GPS AVG. SPEED
▼
Select speed for ETA window
5. Enter speed manually in the SPD field, or use GPS speed data (if applicable)
by selecting GPS AVG. SPEED.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob to register your selection.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Switching waypoints
When you arrive to a waypoint on a route, you can switch to the next waypoint
by one of the three methods below.
PERPENDICULAR: Automatically switches the destination waypoint when the
boat comes passes an imaginary perpendicular line passing through the center
of the destination waypoint.
ARRVL ALM CRCL: Destination waypoint is automatically switched when the
boat comes within the arrival alarm range. For how to set the arrival alarm, see
the paragraph 3.11.2 Arrival alarm.
MANUAL: The destination waypoint may be manually switched by using the
RESTART soft key (see page 3-49). This function is operative when “1 POINT” is
selected as the GOTO method (see page 3-44).
WPT 2
WPT 2
Waypoint switched
at this point.
WPT 1
Perpendicular
Waypoint switched
at this point.
WPT 1
Arrival Alarm Circle
Automatic waypoint switching methods
3-50
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
To select waypoint switching method do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
Use the trackball to select WAYPOINT SWITCHING.
Press the EDIT soft key to show the waypoint switching window.
Use the trackball to select appropriate waypoint switching method;
PERPENDICULAR, ARRVL ALM CRCL (default setting), or MANUAL.
6. Press the ENTER soft key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.10.5
Canceling route navigation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the LOG soft key.
Press the STOP soft key.
Push the [ENTER] knob.
Press the RELEASE soft key.
Push the [ENTER] knob.
3-51
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11
Alarms
The plotter section has eight conditions which generate both audio and visual
alarms: arrival alarm, anchor watch alarm, XTE (Cross Track Error) alarm,
proximity alarm, speed alarm, trip alarm, water temperature alarm and bottom
alarm. (The bottom and water temperature alarms, which require depth and
water temperature data, may also be set on the sounder alarm menu. For these
alarms see Chapter 4.)
You may set up the plotter alarms on the ALARM menu, which may be displayed
by pressing the [ALARM] key.
AUDIO ALARM
ARRIVAL ALARM
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
PROXIMITY ALARM
XTE ALARM
SPEED ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
OFF 0.010nm
OFF 0.010nm
OFF
OFF 0.050nm
OFF
TRIP ALARM
OFF 0000.0nm
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
BOTTOM ALARM
TEMPERATURE ALARM
ALARM1
OFF
OFF
EDIT
ALARM2
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
CLEAR
ALARM
NEXT
PAGE
CLEAR
ALARM
PREV.
PAGE
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
PREV.
PAGE
RETURN
Page 1
Page 2
Plotter alarm menu
3.11.1
Audio alarm on/off
Audio and visual alarms are released whenever an alarm setting is violated. You
can enable or disable the audio alarm as follows:
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select AUDIO ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the audio alarm window.
AUDIO ALARM
¡ INT & EXT BUZZ
¤ INTERNAL BUZZ
¡ OFF
Audio alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select INT & EXT BUZZ (Internal + External alarm),
INTERNAL BUZZ (Internal alarm) or OFF as appropriate. This turns on or off
the audio alarm globally for all alarms, including radar.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-52
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.2
Arrival alarm
The arrival alarm informs you that your boat is approaching a destination
waypoint. The area that defines an arrival zone is that of a circle which you
approach from the outside of the circle. The alarm will be released if your boat
enters the circle. When the arrival alarm is active a red dashed circle marks the
arrival alarm area. Note that the arrival alarm and anchor watch alarm can be
turned on together.
Alarm
range
Own ship
: Alarm area
Destination
waypoint
How the arrival alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ARRIVAL ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the arrival alarm window.
ARRIVAL ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.010nm
¤ OFF
▼
Arrival alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON.
5. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter alarm setting: Operate
the trackball to select digit; use the alphanumeric keys to enter value. The
available arrival alarm setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-53
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.3
Anchor watch alarm
The anchor watch alarm informs you that your boat is moving when it should be
at rest. When the anchor watch is active, a red dashed circle with an “X” at its
center marks the anchor watch area.
Alarm
setting
Your ship's position where
you start the anchor watch
alarm.
: Alarm
area
How the anchor watch alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ANCHOR WATCH ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to open the anchor alarm window.
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.010nm
¤ OFF
▼
Anchor watch alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON.
5. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter alarm setting: Operate
the trackball to select digit; use the alphanumeric keys to enter value. The
available anchor watch setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
Note: If the arrival alarm range is changed, turn off the anchor watch alarm and
then turn it on again to give priority to the anchor watch alarm.
3-54
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.4
XTE (Cross-Track Error) alarm
The XTE alarm warns you when your boat is off its intended course. When the
XTE alarm is active two red dashed lines mark the XTE alarm area.
Own ship
position
Alarm
setting
Destination
waypoint
Intended
course
: Alarm
How the XTE alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select XTE ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to open the XTE alarm window.
XTE ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.050nm
¤ OFF
▼
XTE alarm window
4. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter alarm setting: Operate
the trackball to select digit; use the alphanumeric keys to enter value. The
available XTE alarm setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3.11.5
Speed alarm
The speed alarm warns when your boat’s speed is within or under/over the
speed range set.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select SPEED ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the speed alarm window.
SPEED ALARM
▲
¡
¡
¤
▼
WITHIN
000.0 ~ 000.0 kt
UNDER/OVER
000.0 ~ 000.0 kt
OFF
Speed alarm window
3-55
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. Use the trackball to select WITHIN, UNDER/OVER, or OFF as appropriate
5. For WITHIN and UNDER/OVER use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys
to enter alarm range: Operate the trackball to select digit; use the
alphanumeric keys to enter value.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3.11.6
Proximity alarm
The proximity alarm alerts you when own ship nears a waypoint, which is
marked with the proximity mark, by the proximity alarm radius set for that
waypoint on the waypoint list. When own ship is within a waypoint’s proximity
alarm radius, the alarm sounds. The proximity mark remains on the screen until
the waypoint is erased.
Radius in proportion to
proximity alarm radius,
which is set on waypoint list
001WPT
Proximity mark
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select PROXIMITY ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the proximity alarm window.
PROXIMITY ALARM
▲
¡ ON
¤ OFF
▼
Proximity alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER
soft key.
5. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-56
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.7
Trip alarm
The trip alarm informs you when you have traveled a certain distance.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TRIP ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the trip alarm window.
TRIP ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0000.0nm
¤ OFF
▼
Trip alarm window
4. Select ON.
5. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to enter alarm setting: Operate
the trackball to select digit; use the alphanumeric keys to enter value.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-57
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.8
Alarm information
When an alarm setting has been violated, the buzzer sounds and the speaker
icon appears and is red. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the alarm. You can
see which alarm has been violated on the ALARM menu. In the example below
the arrival alarm has been violated.
1. Press the [ALARM] key. The name of the offending alarm appears in the
alarm information window.
Alarm information
window
AUDIO ALARM
ARRIVAL ALARM
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
PROXIMITY ALARM
XTE ALARM
SPEED ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
ON 0.010nm
OFF 0.010nm
OFF
OFF 0.050nm
OFF
TRIP ALARM
OFF 0000.0nm
ALARM INFORMATION
ARRIVED
AT WAYPOINT XXX !
ALARM1
EDIT
CLEAR
ALARM
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
Speaker icon
XXX = Destination waypoint name
Plotter alarm menu, page 1
2. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft key to acknowledge the alarm (and silence the
buzzer if it was not done with the [CLEAR] key). The color of the speaker
icon changes from red to background color. The icon remains on the screen
until the cause of the alarm is eliminated or the alarm is disabled. If more
than one alarm has been violated the message CONTINUE appears at the
bottom of the alarm information window. In this case, press the NEXT INFO
soft key to see which other alarms have been violated.
3. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
Note: The alarm icon is red when an alarm setting is violated, and changes to
background color when the [CLEAR] key or CLEAR ALARM soft key is
pressed. The color does not change regardless of how many other alarms
are violated.
3-58
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Alarm messages
The table below shows the plotter alarm messages and their meanings.
Plotter alarm messages and their meanings
Message
ARRIVED AT WAYPOINT XXX!
Meaning
Arrival alarm violated.
(XXX = waypoint name)
ENTERED INTO AVOIDANCE AREA!
Proximity alarm violated.
EXCEEDED ANCHOR WATCH LIMIT!
Anchor watch alarm violated.
EXCEEDED XTE LIMIT!
XTE alarm violated.
SPEED ALARM!
Speed alarm violated.
TEMPERATURE ALARM!
Water temperature alarm
violated.
TRIP ALARM! MILEAGE EXCEEDED
Trip alarm violated.
3-59
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.12
Resetting Trip Distance
Trip distance is shown on the navigation data display. You can reset the trip
distance to zero as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION and GENERAL SETUP soft keys in
that order to show the GENERAL SETUP menu.
▲
KEY BEEP
ON
LANGUAGE
ENGLISH
RANGE UNIT
nm, kt
TEMPERATURE UNIT
°F
DEPTH UNIT
ft
TEMPERATURE SOURCE
NMEA
DEPTH SOURCE
NMEA
RESET TRIP LOG
NO
GENERAL
SETUP1
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
General setup menu, page 1
3. Use the trackball to select RESET TRIP LOG, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Use the trackball to select YES, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-60
4.
VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
With connection of the optional Network Sounder ETR-6/10N/30N you can show
video sounder images on the display.
4.1
Principle of Operation
The video sounder determines the distance between its transducer and
underwater objects such as fish, lake bottom or seabed and displays the results
on screen. It does this by utilizing the fact that an ultrasonic wave transmitted
through water travels at a nearly constant speed of 4800 feet (1500 meters) per
second. When a sound wave strikes an underwater object such as fish or sea
bottom, part of the sound wave is reflected back toward the source (transducer).
Thus by calculating the time difference between the transmission of a sound
wave and the reception of the reflected sound wave, the depth to the object can
be determined.
The entire process begins in the network sounder. Transmitter power is sent to
the transducer as a short pulse of electrical energy. The electrical signal
produced by the transmitter is converted into an ultrasonic signal by the
transducer and transmitted into the water. Any returning signals from intervening
objects (such as a fish school) are received by the transducer and converted into
an electrical signal. The signals are then amplified in the amplifier section, and
finally, displayed on screen.
The picture displayed is made up of a series of vertical scan lines, one for each
transmission. Each line represents a snapshot of what has occurred beneath the
boat. A series of snapshots are accumulated side by side across the screen, and
the resulting contours of the bottom and fish between the bottom and surface
are displayed.
0
20
40
60 Underwater conditions and video sounder display
4-1
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.2
Sounder Displays
4.2.1
Selecting a sounder display
There are seven display modes from which to choose: dual frequency, single
frequency, marker zoom, bottom zoom, bottom lock, bottom discrimination, and
A-scope.
To select a display;
1. Press the [DISP] key and then select sounder display desired.
2. If not already displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] soft key to show the
sounder soft keys.
3. Press the DISPLY MODE soft key to show the display mode window.
DISPLAY MODE
¤ DUAL FREQ
¡ SINGLE FREQ
¡ MARKER ZOOM
¡ BOTTOM ZOOM
¡ BOTTOM LOCK
¡ BOTTOM DSCRM
HF: 200.0 kHz
LF: 50.0 kHz
Display mode window
4. Use the trackball or the [ENTER] knob to select a display.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to close the window.
Note: On menus which show the RETURN soft key you may use it or the
ENTER knob to register setting and close the window.
4-2
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.2.2
Description of sounder displays
Single-frequency display
Variable Range Marker
(White)
Time
Minute marker
Zero line
Icons (alarm,
battery,
simulation)
0'30"
SI
50.0
Fish
echo
40
50
Cross-hair
cursor
100
30
Water
temp.
graph
Water
temp.
display
0
SOUNDER
SINGLE
M
°F
50
Color bar
Temp.
scale
Depth scale
150
Display mode
SOUNDER DUAL
SOUNDER SINGLE
SOUNDER M. ZOOM
SOUNDER B. ZOOM
SOUNDER B/L
SOUNDER B/D
SHIFT
AUTO/
D.BOX
FREQ
LF/HF
DISPLY
MODE
Soft keys
120
LF
200
Tx frequency
Bottom echo
Depth
Indications on the single frequency display
Note: The water temperature display requires an appropriate water temperature
sensor. It can be turned on or off with TEMPERATURE GRAPH on the
SOUNDER MENU.
Selecting transmission frequency
The single frequency display shows either the LF (low frequency) picture or HF
(high frequency) picture. To select transmission frequency, press the FREQ
LF/HF soft key. “LF” or “HF” is highlighted on its key label with each press of the
key.
4-3
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Dual-frequency display
The dual-frequency display provides both LF and HF pictures. This display is
useful for comparing the same picture with two different sounding frequencies.
0.0
LF
HF
Dual-frequency display
LF picture
The sounder uses ultrasonic pulses to detect bottom conditions. The lower the
frequency of the pulse, the wider the detection area. Therefore, the low
frequency is useful for general detection and judging bottom condition.
HF picture
The higher the frequency of the ultrasonic pulse the better the resolution.
Therefore, the high frequency is ideal for detailed observation of fish school.
low frequency
high frequency
Sounding area and transmission frequency
Marker-zoom display
The marker-zoom display expands a selected area of the normal sounder picture
to full vertical size of the screen on the left-half window. You may specify the
portion to expand by operating the VRM (Variable Range Marker), which you can
shift with the [ENTER] knob. The area between the VRM and zoom marker is
expanded. The length of the segment is equal to one division of the depth scale.
Note: The VRM is set independently from other displays in case of multiple
displays.
4-4
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Marker-zoom display plus normal sounder display
Bottom-zoom display
The bottom-zoom display expands bottom and bottom fish echoes by the zoom
range selected on the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP menu (see paragraph 5.9.3),
and is useful for determining bottom hardness. A bottom displayed with a short
echo tail usually means it is a soft, sandy bottom. A long echo tail means a hard
bottom.
Bottom-zoom display plus normal sounder display
4-5
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Bottom-lock display
The bottom-lock display provides a compressed normal picture on the right half
of the screen and a 10 or 20 feet (3 or 6 meter) wide layer in contact with the
bottom is expanded onto the left half of the screen. This mode is useful for
discriminating bottom fish from the bottom echo. You may select the bottom lock
range from the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP menu. For details, see paragraph
5.9.3.
10
8
Fish
school
6
4
102
80
0
BOTTOM-LOCK
DISPLAY
0
------
50
100
HF
-
Zoom marker
This part
is zoomed.
NORMAL DISPLAY
Bottom-lock display plus normal sounder display
4-6
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Bottom discrimination display
The bottom discrimination mode displays the bottom echo to help you determine
bottom hardness. A bottom displayed with a short echo tail usually means it is a
soft, sandy bottom. A long echo tail means a hard bottom.
Bottom discrimination display
A-scope display (display only)
The A-scope display, available in all modes, shows echoes at each transmission
with amplitudes and tone proportional to their intensities, on the right 1/10 of the
screen. It is useful for estimating fish species and bottom composition. To turn on
the A-scope display, press the DISPLAY MODE soft key, select display mode
desired, then press the A-SCPE soft key to show “ON” on its label. For modes
other than SINGLE FREQ the screen must be split horizontally to show the
A-scope display.
A-scope display
4-7
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.2.3
Selecting screen split method in combination displays
On combination sounder displays you can split the screen vertically or
horizontally, using the SPLIT soft key as below.
How to use the SPLIT soft key (example: dual frequency display)
4-8
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.3
Automatic Sounder Operation
Automatic sounder operation is useful when you are preoccupied with other
tasks and do not have the time to adjust the display.
4.3.1
How the automatic sounder works
The automatic sounder function automatically selects the proper gain, range
scale and clutter suppression level according to the depth. It works as follows:
• The range changes automatically to locate the bottom on the lower half of the
screen. The range jumps to one step shallower range when the bottom
echoes reach a half way point of the full scale from the top and to one step
deeper range when they come to the lower edge of the scale.
• The gain is automatically adjusted to display the bottom echo in reddish brown
(default color arrangement).
• Clutter, which suppresses low level noise, is automatically adjusted.
4.3.2
Types of automatic sounder modes
Two types of automatic sounder modes are available: CRUISING and FISHING.
CRUISING is for tracking the bottom, and FISHING is for searching fish schools.
CRUISING uses a higher clutter rejection setting than FISHING therefore it is not
recommended for fish detection - weak fish echoes may be erased by the clutter
suppression circuit.
4.3.3
How to enable automatic sounder operation
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the sounder soft keys.
2. Press the AUTO/D. BOX soft key.
AUTO MODE
▲
¤ CRUISING
¡ FISHING
¡ OFF (MANUAL)
▼
Mode/frequency window
3. Use the trackball or the [ENTER] knob to select CRUISING or FISHING as
appropriate.
4. Press the RETURN soft key.
4-9
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.4
Manual Sounder Operation
Manual operation is useful for observing fish schools and bottom using a fixed
gain setting.
The gain, range and range shift functions used together give you the means to
select the depth you can see on the screen. The basic range can be thought of
as providing a “window” into the water column and range shifting as moving the
“window” to the desired depth.
4.4.1
Selecting the manual mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.4.2
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the sounder soft keys.
Press the AUTO/D. BOX soft key to show the mode/frequency window.
Select OFF (MANUAL).
Press the RETURN soft key.
Selecting display range
Press the [RANGE +] or [RANGE -] key to select a range. The default ranges in
feet, meters, fathoms and passi/braza are as below. Note that the range cannot
be changed in the automatic sounder mode.
Default sounder ranges
Range 1
Range 2
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5
Range 6
Range 7
Range 8
ETR-6/10N
4.4.3
ETR-30N
15 ft
30 ft
60 ft
120 ft
200 ft
400 ft
1000 ft
4000 ft
4500 ft
5m
10 m
20 m
40 m
80 m
150 m
300 m
1200 m
1500 m
3 fa
5 fa
10 fa
20 fa
40 fa
80 fa
150 fa
650 fa
900 fa
3 P/B
5 P/B
10 P/B
30 P/B
50 P/B
100 P/B
200 P/B
700 P/B
900 P/B
Adjusting the gain
Normally, set the gain to the point where excessive noise does not appear on the
screen. Use a higher gain setting for greater depths and a lower setting for
shallow waters.
Gain too high
Gain proper
Gain too low
Examples of proper and improper gain
4-10
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Press the [GAIN] key to show the gain window, and adjust the [ENTER] knob or
trackball. Current level is shown on the bar, and the setting range is 0-100(%).
Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
GAIN - LF
57
▲
HIGH
LOW
▼
Gain window
Note 1: On the dual-frequency display, the gain can be independently set for LF
and HF. Use the FREQ LF/HF soft key to select the frequency for which
to adjust gain.
Note 2: Gain cannot be adjusted in the automatic sounder mode. The message
“SOUNDER GAIN CANNOT BE CHANGED IN AUTO MODE” is
displayed when you attempt to do so.
4.4.4
Shifting the range
The basic range may be shifted up or down as desired by pressing the SHIFT
soft key followed by adjusting the [ENTER] knob. Press the RETURN soft key to
finish.
Shift
Shift concept
4-11
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.5
Measuring Depth, Time
The VRM measures the depth and the cross-hair cursor, time.
1. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to shift the VRM; counterclockwise to shift it
downward, clockwise to shift it upward. You may also use the trackball to
shift the VRM.
2. Roll the trackball horizontally to adjust the cross-hair cursor to measure time.
Depth to VRM
Time for a scan line to travel
from the right edge of the
display to the cross-hair cursor
0'33"
0
VRM (white)
40.0
50
Cross-hair
cursor
100
150
97
200
LF
How to measure depth and time
Note: If, when the range setting is over 1000 ft (m, fa, p/b), the VRM indication
and depth scale may overlap one another, shift the cross-hair cursor
slightly to show them completely. Further, when the display is shifted, the
depth scale may obscure the time indication.
4-12
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.6
Reducing Interference
Interference from other acoustic equipment operating nearby or other electronic
equipment on your boat may show itself on the display as shown below.
Interference from
other sounder
Electrical inteference
Types of interference
To reduce interference, do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select NOISE LIMITER, then press the EDIT soft key to show the noise
limiter window.
NOISE LIMITER
▲
¤ OFF
¡ LOW
¡ MEDIUM
¡ HIGH
▼
Noise limiter window
4. Use the trackball to select the degree of suppression desired (LOW,
MEDIUM, HIGH), or turn the noise limiter off.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Turn the noise limiter circuit off when no interference exists, otherwise weak
echoes may be missed.
4-13
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.7
Reducing Low Level Noise
Light-blue dots may appear over most of the screen. This is mainly due to
sediment in the water, or noise. This noise can be suppressed by adjusting
CLUTTER on the SOUNDER SETUP menu.
Appearance of clutter
When the automatic sounder mode is used, clutter is automatically adjusted. To
reduce low level noise in manual sounder operation do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select CLUTTER, then press the EDIT soft key to show the clutter window.
CLUTTER
▲
09
▼
Clutter window
4. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select clutter rejection level
desired; 0 (OFF) through 16. The higher the number the higher the degree of
suppression. Note that the clutter suppressor may erase weak echoes.
Therefore, turn off the clutter when its use is not required.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Unlike the signal level feature, clutter does not reduce display colors.
However, if you do not wish to change the relation between weak and
strong echoes, use signal level instead.
4-14
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.8
Erasing Weak Echoes
Sediments in the water or reflections from plankton may be painted on the
display in green or light blue. These weak echoes may be erased as below.
Weak
echoes
Appearance of weak echoes
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select SIGNAL LEVEL, and press the EDIT soft key to show the signal level
window.
SIGNAL LEVEL
▲
¤ OFF
¡ SL1
¡ SL2
¡ SL3
¡ SL4
¡ SL5
¡ SL6
▼
SIGNAL LEVEL
▲
¤ OFF
¡ SL1
¡ SL2
¡ SL3
▼
16-color display
8-color display
Signal level window
4. Use the trackball to select level of erasure or OFF as appropriate. The higher
the number the stronger the echo that will be erased.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Unlike “clutter,” signal level reduces display colors. Therefore, if you do
not wish to reduce colors, use clutter instead.
4-15
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.9
White Marker
The white marker functions to display a particular echo color in white. For
example, you may want to display the bottom echo in white to discriminate fish
echoes near the bottom.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select WHITE MARKER, then press the EDIT soft key to open the white
marker window.
WHITE MARKER
▲
OFF
▼
White marker window
4. Use the trackball to select the color to display in white. As you use the
trackball, the number in the white marker window changes, the white marker
on the echo strength bar shifts and the selected echo color is displayed in
white.
White marker shows
← color currently
displayed in white.
Color bar (16 color) when white marker function is active
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
To turn the white marker function off, display “OFF” in the white marker window.
4-16
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10
Picture Advance Speed
The picture advance speed determines how quickly the vertical scan lines run
across the screen. When selecting a picture advance speed, keep in mind that a
fast advance speed will expand the size of the fish school horizontally on the
screen and a slow advance speed will contract it.
The advancement speed may be set independent of or synchronized with ship’s
speed.
4.10.1
Advancement independent of ship’s speed
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select PICTURE ADVANCE, and press the EDIT soft key to open the picture
advance window.
PICTURE ADVANCE
▲
¤ 2/1
¡ 1/1
¡ 1/2
¡ 1/4
¡ 1/8
¡ 1/16
¡ STOP
▼
Picture advance window
4. Use the trackball to select speed desired. The fractions in the window denote
the number of scan lines produced per transmission. For example, 1/8
means one scan line is produced every eight transmissions. STOP freezes
the display and it is convenient for observing an echo.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: When using the plotter/sounder combination display, advancement of the
sounder picture may be temporarily interrupted while the plotter display is
being shifted or its display range is being changed.
4-17
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10.2
Advancement synchronized with ship’s speed
With speed data provided by a speed-measuring device, picture advance speed
may be set according to ship’s speed, the ship’s speed dependent mode. As
shown in the figure below the horizontal scale of the display is not influenced by
the change of ship’s speed, thus the speed-dependent picture advance permits
judgment of fish school size and abundance at any speed. The choice “SPD
SENSING PRR” means the ship’s speed dependent mode, where the PRR
changes automatically with ship’s speed.
Fish school shrinks as speed
is increased; expanded
as speed is decreased.
Normal Mode
Same size
fish schools
Speed
FULL
SPEED
HALF
SPEED
Actual Movement
Fish schools are shown
same size regardless
of ship’s speed.
Speed-Dependent Picture Advance Mode
How the speed-dependent picture advance mode works
Activating/deactivating the speed-dependent picture advance mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key followed by the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
Select PRR LEVEL.
Press the EDIT soft key to open the setting window.
Use the trackball to select SPD SENSING PRR.
Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Use the same speed data sentence (STG or STW) throughout the network
for smooth advancement of the sounder picture. See the paragraph 6.5 for
how to output data through the network.
4-18
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.11
Display Colors
You can select the number of colors and background color to display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select HUE, then press the EDIT soft key to show the hue window.
HUE
▲
1
▼
Hue window
4. Use the trackball to select hue number, referring to the table below. (You can
see the result of your selection on the display.)
Hue no. and background and echo colors
Hue No.
Echo Color
Background Color
1
16 color
Blue
2
8 color
Blue
3
16 color
Dark blue
4
8 color
Dark blue
5
16 color
White
6
8 color
White
7
16 color
Black
8
8 color
Black
9
Monochrome yellow, eight intensities
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
4-19
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12
Alarms
The sounder section has five conditions which generate audio and visual alarms:
bottom alarm, fish alarm (bottom lock), fish alarm (normal) and water
temperature alarm (temperature sensor required).
You may set up the sounder alarms on the ALARM menu, which may be
displayed by pressing the [ALARM] key.
AUDIO ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
BOTTOM ALARM
OFF
TEMPERATURE ALARM OFF
FISH ALARM
FISH ALARM (B/L)
SOUNDER
ALARM
EDIT
OFF
OFF
CLEAR
ALARM
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
RETURN
Sounder alarm menu
4.12.1
Audio alarm on/off
The audio alarm sounds whenever an alarm setting is violated. You can enable
or disable the audio alarm as follows:
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ALARM AUDIO.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the audio alarm window.
AUDIO ALARM
¡ INT & EXT BUZZ
¤ INTERNAL BUZZ
¡ OFF
Alarm audio window
4. Use the trackball to select INT & EXT BUZZ (Internal + External alarm),
INTERNAL BUZZ (Internal alarm) or OFF. External buzzer required to select
“INT+EXT BUZZ.” OFF globally turns the audio alarm on or off for all modes,
including radar.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-20
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12.2
Bottom alarm
The bottom alarm sounds when the bottom echo is within the alarm range set.
To activate the bottom alarm, the depth must be displayed. Note that the bottom
alarm is turned on or off reciprocally with the bottom alarm on the plotter alarm
menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select BOTTOM ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the bottom alarm window.
BOTTOM ALARM
▲
¡
ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Bottom alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, enter alarm
range with the trackball and numeric keys: Adjust the trackball to select digit;
hit appropriate numeric key to enter value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4.12.3
Fish alarm
The fish alarm sounds when a fish echo is within the preset alarm range. Note
that the sensitivity of the fish alarm can be set on the SOUNDER SYSTEM
SETUP menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select FISH ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the fish alarm window.
FISH ALARM
▲
¡ ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Fish alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, use the
trackball and numeric keys to enter range: Adjust the trackball to select digit;
hit the appropriate numeric key to enter value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-21
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12.4
Fish alarm (B/L)
The bottom-lock fish alarm sounds when a fish echo is within a predetermined
distance from the bottom. Note that the sensitivity of the fish alarm can be set on
the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select FISH ALARM (B/L).
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the fish alarm (B/L) window.
FISH ALARM (B/L)
▲
¡ ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Fish alarm (B/L) window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, use the
trackball and numeric keys to enter range: Adjust the trackball to select digit;
hit appropriate numeric key to enter value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-22
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12.5
Water temperature alarm
There are two types of water temperature alarms: WITHIN RANGE and OUT OF
RANGE. The WITHIN RANGE alarm sounds when the water temperature is
within the range set, and the OUT OF RANGE alarm sounds when the water
temperature is higher or lower than the range set. Note that the water
temperature alarm is turned on or off reciprocally with the water temperature
alarm on the plotter menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TEMPERATURE ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the temperature alarm window.
TEMPERATURE ALARM
▲
¡ WITHIN RANGE
+000.0 - +000.0°F
¡ OUT OF RANGE
+000.0 - +000.0°F
¤ OFF
▼
Water temperature alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE or OFF as
numeric key to enter alarm range: Adjust the trackball to select digit; hit
appropriate numeric key to enter value. To switch between plus and minus
and vice versa use the +< - ->- soft key.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-23
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12.6
When an alarm setting is violated...
When an alarm setting has been violated the buzzer sounds and the speaker
icon appears in red. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the alarm. At this time the
color of the speaker icon changes from red to background color. You can see
which alarm has been violated on the alarm menu display. In the example below
the bottom alarm has been violated.
To see which alarm(s) has been violated:
1. Press the [ALARM] key. The name of the offending alarm is shown in the
ALARM INFORMATION window.
AUDIO ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
BOTTOM ALARM
0050.0-0100.0ft
TEMPERATURE ALARM OFF
FISH ALARM
FISH ALARM (B/L)
SOUNDER
ALARM
EDIT
OFF
OFF
CLEAR
ALARM
ALARM INFORMATION
Alarm information
window
DEPTH ALARM!
RETURN
Speaker icon
Sounder alarm menu
2. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft key to acknowledge the alarm (and silence the
buzzer if it has not already been done with the [CLEAR] key). The color of the
speaker icon changes from red to background color. The icon remains on the
screen until the reason for the alarm is eliminated or the alarm is disabled. If
more than one alarm has been violated, the message CONTINUE appears at
the bottom of the alarm information window. In this case, press the NEXT
INFO soft key to see which other alarms have been violated.
Note: The alarm icon is red when an alarm setting is violated, and changes
to background color when the [CLEAR] key or CLEAR ALARM soft key
is pressed. The color remains the same regardless of how many times
another alarm is violated.
3. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-24
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Alarm messages
The table below shows the sounder alarm messages and their meanings.
Sounder alarm messages and their meanings
Message
4.13
Meaning
DEPTH ALARM!
Bottom alarm violated.
FISH ALARM!
Fish alarm violated.
TEMPERATURE ALARM!
Water temperature alarm violated.
Water Temperature Graph
The water temperature graph (appropriate sensor required) plots water
temperature on the sounder display. (See the figure on page 4-3.) It can be
turned on or off as below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
Select TEMPERATURE GRAPH and press the EDIT soft key.
Select OFF (default setting) or ON as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
4-25
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.14
Changing Pulse Repetition Rate
Pulse repetition rate can be changed. Normally, the highest rate (20) is used.
When in shallow waters, second reflection echoes may appear between surface
and actual bottom echo. In this case lower the PRR level. The option “SPD
SENSING PRR” means the ship’s speed dependent mode, where the PRR
changes automatically with ship’s speed (required speed input.) For further
information about the ship’s speed dependent mode, see page 4-18.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
Select PRR LEVEL.
Press the EDIT soft key to open the setting window.
Use the trackball to select the rate for repetition.
Press the ENTER soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Too small setting reduces the number of pulse repetition. This may cause a
problem to search fish schools. Select “20” unless multistage reflections appear
on the display.
4-26
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.15
Interpreting the Sounder Display
4.15.1
Zero line
The zero line (sometimes referred to as the transmission line) represents the
transducer’s position, and moves off the screen when a deep phased range is
used.
Zero line
Shift
Zero line
4.15.2
Bottom echo
Echoes from the bottom are normally the strongest and are displayed in
reddish-brown, but the color and width will vary with bottom composition, water
depth, frequency, sensitivity, etc.
In a comparatively shallow depth, a high gain setting will cause a second or
sometimes a third or a fourth echo to be displayed at the same interval between
them below the first echo trace. This is because the echo travels between the
bottom and the surface twice or more in shallow depths.
The color of the bottom echo can be used to help determine the density of the
bottom materials (soft or hard). The harder the bottom, the wider the trace. If the
gain is set to show only a single bottom echo on mud, a rocky bottom will show a
second or third bottom return. The range should be chosen so the first and
second bottom echoes are displayed when bottom hardness is being
determined.
Intensity difference
in water depth
Rock base
Mud and sand
Second bottom
echo
Bottom echoes
4-27
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.15.3
Fish school echoes
Fish school echoes will generally be plotted between the zero line and the
bottom. Usually the fish school/fish echo is weaker than the bottom echo
because its reflection property is much smaller compared to the bottom. The size
of the fish school can be ascertained from the density of the display.
Size of
fish school
Small
school
Large
school
Fish school echoes
4.15.4
Surface noise/Aeration
When the waters are rough or the boat passes over a wake, surface noise may
appear near the zero line. As surface turbulence is acoustically equivalent to
running into a brick wall, the bottom echo will be displayed intermittently. Similar
noise sometimes appears when a water temperature difference (thermocline)
exists. Different species of fish tend to prefer different temperature zones, so the
thermocline may be useful to help identify target fish. 200 kHz tends to show
shallow thermoclines better than 50 kHz.
In rough waters the display is occasionally interrupted due to below-the-ship air
bubbles obstructing the sound path. This also occurs when the boat makes a
quick turn or reverses movement. Lowering the picture advance speed may
reduce the interruption. However, reconsideration of the transducer installation
may be necessary if the interruption occurs frequently.
Surface noise
Caused by aerated
water
Thermocline
Surface noise/aeration
4-28
5.
CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
This chapter describes the various options which allow you to set up your unit to
suit your needs. For mode-specific menus, e.g. radar, plotter and sounder, make
sure that you select the appropriate display when making changes or viewing
menu options.
5.1
General Setup
This paragraph shows you how to set up functions common to the plotter, radar
and sounder displays. This is done on the GENERAL SETUP menu, which you
may display from any mode. These items include language, key beep, units of
measurement, data sources, etc.
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
3. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key.
KEY BEEP
LANGUAGE
RANGE UNIT
TEMPERATURE UNIT
DEPTH UNIT
TEMPERATURE SOURCE
DEPTH SOURCE
RESET TRIP LOG
SPEED SOURCE
ON
ENGLISH
nm, kt
°F
ft
NMEA
NMEA
NO
NMEA
GENERAL
SETUP1
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
LAT/LON DISPLAY
TD DISPLAY
SPEED
POSITION DISPLAY
TIME DISPLAY
INFRARED REMOTE MODE
RANGE & BEARING MODE
BEARING READOUT
MAGNETIC VARIATION
DD°MM.MMMM’
LORAN C
SOG
LAT/LON
24 HOURS
A
RHUMB LINE
MAGNETIC
AUTO 07.0°E
GENERAL
SETUP2
EDIT
PREV.
PAGE
Page 2
Page 1
General setup menu
4. Press the NEXT PAGE or PREV. PAGE soft key to switch pages if
necessary.
5. Use the trackball to select item.
6. Press the EDIT soft key.
7. Use the trackball to select option desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-1
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of general setup menu
Item
Description
Key Beep
Language
Turns key beep on/off.
Chooses menu language.
Range Unit
Temperature
Unit
Depth Unit
Chooses unit of range and speed
measurement.
Chooses unit of water temperature
measurement.
Chooses unit of depth measurement.
Temperature
Source
Chooses source of water temperature
data.
Depth Source Chooses source of depth data.
Reset Trip
Log
Speed
Source
Lat/Lon
Display
TD Display
Speed
Position
Display
Time Display
Infrared
Remote
Mode
Range &
Bearing
Mode
Resets distance run to zero.
Choose source of own ship’s speed
data.
Chooses how many digits (or seconds)
to display after decimal point in latitude
and longitude position.
Chooses TD type.
Chooses speed format to display.
On, Off
English, French, German, Italian, Portuguese,
Spanish
nm, kt; km, km/h; sm, mph; nm & yd, kt; nm &
m, kt; km & m, km/h; sm & yd, mph
°C,°F
ft, m, fa,
P/B (Passi/Braza)
ETR, NMEA. Select ETR to show water
temperature data fed from the network
sounder.
ETR, NMEA. Select ETR to show depth data
fed from the network sounder.
Yes, No
ETR, NMEA
DD°MM.MM’, DD°MM.MMM’,
DD°MM.MMMM’, DD°MM’SS.S”
Chooses position display format.
Loran C, Decca
SOG (Speed over ground), STW (Speed
through water)
LAT/LON, TD
Chooses time notation.
12 hours, 24 hours
A remote controller can be set
exclusively for use with a specific
display unit, in the case of multiple
NavNet display units. For further details
see the Installation Manual.
Chooses how to calculate range and
bearing.
A, B, C, D
(Continued on next page)
5-2
Settings
Rhumb Line: Straight line drawn between two
points on a nautical chart.
Great Circle: Shortest course between two
points on the surface of the earth.
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of general setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Bearing
Readout
Magnetic
Variation
5.2
Description
Chooses bearing display format for
course, course over ground and cursor
bearing.
The magnetic variations for all areas of
the earth are preprogrammed into this
unit. The preprogrammed variation is
accurate for most instances, however
you may wish to manually enter a
variation. For manual input, select
Manual, hit the EDIT soft key, enter
value, then hit the ENTER soft key to
set. “AUTO” requires position data.
Settings
True, Magnetic
Auto, Manual
Radar Setup
This paragraph explains how to customize the radar display to suit your
operational needs.
5.2.1
Radar display setup
The radar display may be set up from the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu,
which contains items such as EBL reference and cursor position format.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
▲
EBL REFERENCE
RELATIVE
CURSOR POSITION
RNG & BRG-REL
TUNING
AUTO
TX SECTOR BLANKING
OFF 000° 001°
NOISE REJECTION
OFF
BACKGROUND COLOR
BLACK/GREEN
ECHO COLOR
GREEN
2ND ECHO REJECTION
OFF
WATCHMAN TIME
5 minutes
RANGE UNIT
nm
TRAIL MODE
RELATIVE
DISPLAY
SETUP
EDIT
D. BOX
RETURN
Radar display setup menu
5-3
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of radar display setup menu
Item
EBL
Reference
Cursor
Position
Description
References EBL bearing, shown in the
EBL data box, to North (True) or
heading (Relative). Relative with no
heading input. True only in course-up,
north-up and true motion.
Chooses how to display cursor position.
Note: “RNG & BRG-TRUE” requires
heading data, true bearing. Reverts to
relative bearing when heading data is
lost.
Tuning
TX Sector
Blanking
Selects receiver tuning method. For
further details see the paragraph “2.6
Tuning.”
Turns on/off dead sector graphic, which
shows area where no echoes are
transmitted. To set sector, select ON,
then enter range. Max. sector is 135°.
Dashed lines mark the dead sector.
Note that noise may occasionally
appear in the TX sector when the echo
trail feature is turned on.
Settings
True, Relative
LAT/LON: Lat/Long position of cursor
TD: Loran C or Decca TDs
RNG & BRG-REL: Range and bearing
in relative bearing.
RNG & BRG-TRUE: Range and
bearing in true bearing.
Auto, Manual
On, Off
Dead sector
Noise
Rejection
Electrical noise, appearing on the
screen as “speckles,” may be
suppressed with the noise rejector.
Note that some forms of interference
cannot be suppressed.
(Con’t on next page)
5-4
Off, Low, High
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of radar display setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Background
Color
Description
Chooses colors of background,
range rings and characters.
Effective when HUE soft key is set
for MANUAL.
Echo Color
Chooses echo color.
2ND Echo
Rejection
Reduces second-trace echoes. See
the paragraph “2.24 Suppressing
Second-trace Echoes.”
Sets watchman stand-by period.
For further details see the
paragraph “ 2.23 Watchman.”
Select unit of range measurement.
Sets echo trail reference.
Watchman
Time
Range Unit
Trail Mode
Note: Relative trail is available in all
presentation modes except true
motion. True trail is available in all
modes.
Settings
Black/Green
Background: Black
Rings: Green
Characters: Green
Black/Red
Background: Black
Rings: Green
Characters: Red
Blue/White
Background: Blue
Rings: White
Characters: White
DK Blue/White
Background: Dark Blue
Rings: Green
Characters: Red
White/Green
Background: White
Rings: Green
Characters: Green
Yellow, Green,
Multi-color. (Multi-color shows echoes
in red, yellow or green in order of
descending strength.)
On, Off
5, 10, 20 minutes
nm, km, sm
True: Echo trails plotted in actual
courses and speeds. Requires
compass signal and speed input.
Relative: Echo trails move relative to
own ship.
5-5
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.2.2
Radar range setup
You may choose the radar ranges you wish to use, from the RADAR RANGE
SETUP menu. After choosing the ranges desired, change the range with the
[RANGE] key to activate range settings. Available ranges depends on the radar
used.
At least two ranges must be turned on. When less than two ranges are turned on
you cannot escape from the RADAR RANGE SETUP menu.
Note that this function is not available with the GD-1900C.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR RANGE SETUP soft key to show the RADAR RANGE
SETUP menu.
▲
▲
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
0.125nm
0.25nm
0.5nm
0.75nm
1nm
1.5nm
2nm
3nm
4nm
6nm
8nm
12nm
16nm
24nm
36nm
48nm
64nm
72nm
RANGE
SETUP
ON/OFF
RETURN
0.25km
0.5km
0.75km
1km
1.5km
2km
3km
4km
6km
8km
12km
16km
24km
36km
48km
64km
72km
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
RANGE
SETUP
ON/OFF
RETURN
MAXIMUM RANGE XXkm *
MAXIMUM RANGE XXnm*
* = Max. range depends on network radar used and is set on the network radar at installation.
Range unit: nm
Range unit: km
Radar range setup menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Use the trackball to select the range which you want to turn on or off.
Press the ON/OFF soft key to turn a range on or off as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to register settings.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Model
1823C
1833C
1933C
1943C
1953C
5-6
Maximum Range
24 nm, km, sm
36 nm, km, sm
48 nm, km, sm
64 nm, km, sm
72 nm, km, sm
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.2.3
Function key setup
The function keys provide one-touch execution of a desired function. The default
radar function key settings are as shown in the table below.
Function Key
1
2
3
4
5
Default Function
Turn heading line off.
Turn range rings on/off.
Turn echo trail on/off.
Turn display offcenter on/off.
STBY/TX
Function Key Label
HL
RNG
TRL
OFC
TX
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
Function key
setting
Function
key label
uSOFT KEY 1
HL: HDG LINE OFF
H
L
SOFTKEY 2
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
R
N
G
SOFT KEY 3
TRL: ECHO TRIAL
T
R
L
SOFT KEY 4
OFC: OFFCENTER
O
F
C
SOFT KEY 5
STBY/TX
FUNC
KEY
EDIT
RETURN
T
X
Radar function key menu
3. Select the function key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOFT KEY 1
SOFT KEY 1
OFF
HL: HDG LINE OFF
MOD: MODE
GAI: GAIN
SEA: A/C SEA
RAI: A/C RAIN
FTC: FTC
ES: ECHO STRETCH
PLS: PULSE LENGTH
ZOM: ZOOM
Scroll
down
q
OFC: OFFCENTER
TRL: ECHO TRAIL
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
ALM: GUARD ALARM
EBL: EBL
VRM: VRM
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
WMK: WPT ON/OFF
WTM: WATCHMAN
SOFT KEY 1
p
Scroll
down
ACQ: ACQUISITION
TX: STBY/TX
RSR: RADAR SOURCE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
p
q
Radar function key options
5-7
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
4. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Radar function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
—
HL: HDG LINE OFF
Turns heading line off.
HL
MOD: MODE
Selects presentation mode.
GAI: GAIN
Shows gain sensitivity adjustment window.
GAI
SEA: A/C SEA
Shows A/C SEA adjustment window.
SEA
RAI: A/C RAIN
Shows A/C RAIN adjustment window.
RAI
FTC: FTC
Displays FTC window. Available with Model 1700
series radar. Inoperative otherwise.
FTC
ES: ECHO STRETCH
Turns echo stretch on/off.
ES
PLS: PULSE LENGTH
Sets pulselength (long or short).
PLS
ZOM: ZOOM
Turns zoom on/off.
ZOM
OFC: OFFCENTER
Press to shift display center to cursor location.
Press again to turn shift off and return cursor to
display center.
OFC
TRL: ECHO TRAIL
Starts/stops echo trails.
TRL
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
Turns range rings on/off.
RNG
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Outputs cursor position, in NMEA format, to
navigator.
TLL
ALM: GUARD ALARM
Displays alarm soft keys.
ALM
EBL: EBL
Switches control between EBL1 and EBL2 with
each press.
EBL
VRM: VRM
Switches control between VRM1 and VRM2 with
each press.
VRM
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
Turns TTM (Tracked Target Message) display
on/off.
TTM
WMK: WPT ON/OFF
Turns waypoint marker on/off.
WMK
WTM: WATCHMAN
Turns watchman on/off.
WTM
ACQ: ACQUISITION
Acquires and tracks cursor-selected target.
(Requires ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series
network radar.)
ACQ
TX: STBY/TX
Toggles between standby and transmit
RSR: RADAR SOURCE
Selects source for radar picture.
RSR
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Turns data boxes on/off.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Changes display control in combination display.
CHG
MOD
TX
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-8
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.3
Plotter Setup
This paragraph provides the information necessary for setting up the plotter
display.
5.3.1
Navigation options
Navigation options, for example, waypoint switching method, may be set on the
PLOTTER SETUP menu.
1. Show the plotter display, then press the [MENU] key open the main menu.
2. Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
WAYPOINT SWITCHING ARRVL ALM CRCL
COURSE VECTOR
LINE
SET GOTO METHOD
1POINT
QP
INTERNAL
PLOTTER
SETUP
EDIT
D. BOX
RETURN
Plotter setup menu
Contents of plotter setup menu
Item
Waypoint
Switching
Course
Vector
Set GOTO
Method
QP
D. BOX
(soft key)
Description
Chooses waypoint switching method. See
“switching waypoints” on page 3-50.
You may extend a line from the own ship position to
show ship’s course. It may be a vector (length
depends on ship’s speed) or a simple line (course
bar).
Sets the method by which to navigate to a quick
point. See “3.10.1 Navigating to a quick point.”
Set “EXT WPT (RMB)” when a destination waypoint
is displayed from a external navigation equipment.
Settings
Perpendicular, Arrvl Alm
Crcl, Manual
Line, Vector, Off
1 Point, 35 Points,
35 Pts/Port Service
EXT, WPT (RMB),
Internal
Sets up data boxes. See paragraph 5.5.
5-9
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.3.2
Function key setup
The function keys provide one-touch execution of a desired function. The default
plotter function key settings are as shown in the table below.
Function
Key
1
2
3
4
5
Function Key
Label
TRK
EML
RUL
Default Function
Start/stop recording/plotting own ship’s track.
Edit mark/line.
Ruler (measure range and bearing between two
points).
Add new waypoint.
Alphanumeric waypoint list.
ADD
APL
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
▲
Function key
setting
Function
key label
SOFT KEY 1
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
T
R
K
SOFT KEY 2
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
E
M
L
SOFT KEY 3
RUL: RULER
R
U
L
SOFT KEY 4
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
A
D
D
SOFT KEY 5
ALP: ALPHA LIST
A
L
P
FUNC
KEY
EDIT
RETURN
Plotter function key menu
3. Select the soft key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key. A
menu shows the functions available and the current selection is highlighted.
SOFT KEY 1
▲
OFF
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
MWP: MOVE WPT
RUL: RULER
GWP: GOTO WPT
GRT: GOTO ROUTE
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
DTT: DEL TGT TRK
Scroll
ALP: ALPHA LIST
LCL: LOCAL LIST
RTE: ROUTE LIST
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Plotter function key options
5-10
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
4. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Plotter function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
—
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
Registers waypoint at cursor position. Place cursor
for waypoint location, then press function key.
ADD
MWP: MOVE WPT
Moves selected waypoint to different position.
Select waypoint, press function key, select new
position, then press the [ENTER] knob.
MWP
RUL: RULER
Measures range and bearing between two points.
Press START POINT soft key to change starting
point if necessary. Range and bearing between two
points appears at the top of the screen.
RUL
GWP: GOTO WPT
Specify waypoint to set as destination. Enter
waypoint name in window, then press the ENTER
soft key.
GWP
GRT: GOTO ROUTE
Specify route to follow. Enter route name in window,
then press the ENTER soft key.
GRT
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
Displays mark & line menu. Press appropriate soft
key to access menu item.
EML
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
Each press starts or stops recording/plotting own
ship’s track.
TRK
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
Turns TTM (target track) display on/off.
TTM
DTT: DEL TGT TRACK
Erases all TTM track.
DTT
ALP: ALPHA LIST
Displays waypoint alphanumeric list.
ALP
LCL: LOCAL LIST
Displays waypoint local list.
LCL
RTE: ROUTE LIST
Displays route list.
RTE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Shows/hides data boxes.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Changes control in combination screen.
CHG
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-11
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.4
Chart Setup
This paragraph shows you how to setup digital charts, from offsetting chart
position to turning chart attributes on or off.
5.4.1
Chart offset
In some instances position may be off by a few seconds. For example, the
position of the ship is shown to be at sea while it is in fact moored at a pier. You
can compensate for this error by offsetting chart position as shown in the
procedure below.
1. Show the plotter display, then press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART
SETUP and CHART OFFSET soft keys.
+
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
353.9°M
0.75nm
TRIP NU
CHART
9.9 nm
OFFSET
16.0nm
SET
OFFSET
RESET
OFFSET
WP-002
FISH
BRIDGE
RETURN
Plotter display, chart offset selected
2. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the correct latitude and longitude
position of own ship.
3. Press the SET OFFSET soft key.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. The “chart offset icon” ( ) appears
at the top of the display.
To cancel chart offset, press the RESET OFFSET soft key at step 3 in the above
procedure.
5-12
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.4.2
FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes
FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes may be turned on or off from the CHART
DETAILS menu, which you may display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
▲
LAT/LON GRID
GREEN
TEXT INFORMATION
ON
WAYPOINTS
LARGE
WAYPOINT NAMES
ON
CHART BORDER LINES
ON
LANDMASS
BRT YELLOW
BACKGROUND
BLACK
NAVAIDS
ON
LIGHT SECTOR INFO
ON
OTHER SYMBOLS
WHITE
MARKS SIZE
LARGE
CHART
DETAILS
EDIT
CNTOUR
LINE
RETURN
Chart details menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
5-13
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of chart details menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
Item
Lat/Lon Grid
Description
Latitude and longitude grids
Settings
Red, yellow, green, light-blue,
purple, blue, white, Off
Text
Information
Waypoints
Waypoint
Names
Chart Border
Lines
Geographic place, name
On, Off
Waypoint size
Large, Small, Off
Waypoint name
On, Off
Border lines (indices)
On, Off
Landmass
Landmass color, brightness
Bright, Dim: Red, yellow,
green, light-blue, purple, blue,
white.
Off
Background
Navaids
Chart background color
Navaids data on NavCharts™;
lighthouse data on FURUNO
charts
Lighthouse viewing sector
White, Black
On, Off
Light Sector
Info
Other
Symbols
Marks Size
CNTOUR
LINE soft key
(See next
page.)
Other map symbols
Marks size
Depth < 10 m
Depth = 10 m
Depth > 10 m
Depth Info
5-14
On, Off
Red, yellow, green, light-blue,
purple, blue, white, Off
Large, Small
On, off, red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue, white
On, off, red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue, white
On, off, red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue, white
On, off, red, yellow, green,
light-blue, purple, blue, white
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
CNTOUR LINE soft key
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
3. Press the CNTOUR LINE soft key.
DEPTH < 10m
DEPTH = 10m
DEPTH > 10m
DEPTH INFORMATION
RED
YELLOW
LIGHT BLUE
RED
CONTOUR
LINE
EDIT
10m = APPROX. 30ft
OR 5fa OR 6pb
RETURN
Contour line menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
5.4.3
C-MAP chart attributes
C-MAP chart attributes may be turned on or off from the CHART DETAILS menu
as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
WAYPOINT
WAYPOINT NAME
LAT/LON GRID
CHART BORDER LINE
BACKGROUND COLOR
PORT & SERVICE
ATTENTION AREA
NAV LANE
LIGHT
BUOY & BEACON
SIGNAL
CARTOGRAPHIC OBJECT
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
BLACK
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
CHART
DETAILS
EDIT
DEPTH
INFO
NEXT
PAGE
PLACE NAME
COMPASS
TIDE & CURRENT
NATURAL FEATURE
RIVER & LAKE
CULTURAL FEATURE
LANDMARK
CHART GENERATION
NEW OBJECT
COMPLEX OBJECT ICON
INFORMATION LEVEL
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
MULTIPLE
BASIC
EDIT
DEPTH
INFO
PREV.
PAGE
RETURN
Page 1
CHART
DETAILS
Page 2
Chart details menu (C-MAP)
5-15
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of chart details menu (C-MAP)
Item
Settings
Waypoint
Waypoint display
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Waypoint
Name
Waypoint name
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Lat/Lon Grid
Latitude and longitude grids
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Chart Border
Line
Border lines
(indices)
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Background
Color
Chart background color
White, Black
Port &
Service
Port services icon display
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Attention
Area
Attention area icon display
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter
Plotter/Contour, Off
Nav Lane
Navigation lanes
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Light
Lighthouse icon, sector
Plotter/Overlay, Plot/No
Sector, Off
Buoy &
Beacon
Buoys, beacons display
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Signal
Signals category icon
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Cartographic
Object
Cartographic objects
category icon
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Place Name
Geographic names
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Compass
Compass category icons
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Tide &
Current
Tide display
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Natural
Feature
Land outline
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
River & Lake
Rivers and lakes
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Cultural
Feature
Cultural features icons
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Landmark
Landmarks category icons
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Chart
Generation
Chart generation category
icons
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
New Object
New object category icons
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Complex
Object Icon
Single or multiple icon for
object composed of several
icons
Multiple, Single
Information
Level
Basic or detailed data for
objects
Basic, Detailed
(Con’t on next page)
5-16
Description
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of chart details menu for C-MAP (con’t from previous page)
Item
Description
DEPTH INFO
soft key
(See below.)
Settings
Bathymetric Line
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Spot Sounding
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Bottom Type
Plotter/Overlay, Plotter, Off
Depth Area Limit
0-99999 ft (m, fa, P/B)
Bathymetric Range
0-99999 ft (m, fa, P/B)
Settings description
Basic: Shows basic characteristics of objects.
Detailed: Shows detailed characteristics of objects.
Multiple: Shows multiple icons for complex objects.
Off: Turns item off.
On: Turns item on.
Plotter: Shows item on plotter display.
Plot/No Sector: Shows item on plotter display. Sector not shown.
Plotter/Contour: Shows contour on plotter display.
Plotter/Overlay: Shows item on plotter and overlay displays.
Single: Shows single icon for complex objects.
DEPTH INFO soft key
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and
CHART DETAILS soft keys.
3. Press the DEPTH INFO soft key.
BATHYMETRIC LINE
SPOT SOUNDING
BOTTOM TYPE
DEPTH AREA LIMIT
BATHYMETRIC RANGE
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
PLOTTER/OVERLAY
00020, 00164ft
00000-00033ft
DEPTH
INFO
EDIT
RETURN
Note: The bathymetric range setting
allows you to control the color (Dark
blue, light blue or white) associated
to user assigned depths. Any
contour line area that contains a
depth that is LOWER than the first
Depth info menu (C-MAP)
number will be shown in dark blue.
Any contour line area that contains a depth
BETWEEN the first and second number will be shown as light blue. Any contour
line area that contains a depth that is HIGHER than the second number will
be white. For example, if the bathymetric range setting is set to 00010~00050 ft,
all contour areas that contain any depth less than 10 ft deep would be shaded
dark blue, all depth contour areas that contain a depth between 10 and 50 feet
will be shaded light blue, and all contour areas over 50 feet deep will be white.
5-17
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.5
Data Boxes Setup
You may select the data to show in the data boxes for the plotter, radar and
sounder displays. Six boxes may be displayed in case of small size data box and
two for large size data box.
1. Display the radar, plotter or sounder display, whichever you want to set.
2. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
3. Press one of the following sets of soft keys depending on the display selected
at step 1.
Plotter mode: PLOTTER SETUP, D. BOX
Radar mode: RADAR DISPLAY SETUP, D. BOX
Sounder mode: SOUNDER MENU, D. BOX
▲
DATA BOX SIZE
POSITION
WAYPOINT
COG
SOG
STW
BEARING
RANGE
TIME TO GO
ETA
TEMPERATURE
DEPTH
TRIP LOG
DATE
TIME
WIND
SMALL
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
DATA
BOX
EDIT
RETURN
Data box menu
4. Use the trackball to select an item, then press the EDIT soft key.
5. Select ON or OFF as desired.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob to register your selection. Six
items may be set to ON for small data boxes; two for large data boxes.
7. Repeat steps 4-6 to turn other items on or off.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-18
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.6
Hot Page Setup
Six user-arrangeable hot pages are provided for quick selection of desired
display. If the default hot pages are not to your liking you may change them as
shown below.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by pressing the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION,
SYSTEM SETUP, HOT PAGE & NAV DISP SETUP and HOT PAGE SETUP
soft keys in that order.
2. Use the trackball to select the hot page number to set, then press the EDIT
soft key. The “SELECT SCREEN TYPE” window appears.
HOTPAGE
SETUP
HOT PAGE 1
HOT PAGE 2
SELECT SCREEN TYPE
HOT PAGE 3 3
FULL SCREEN
HOT PAGE 4 4
ENTER
SPLIT x 2
SPLIT x 3
HOT PAGE 5 5
CANCEL
HOT PAGE 6
Hot page setup menu
3. Use the trackball to select screen type desired among FULL SCREEN, SPLIT
X 2 and SPLIT X 3 and push the [ENTER] knob.
For the full-screen display, rotate the [ENTER] knob to select screen desired,
then press the [ENTER] knob. If you selected a split screen, for example,
SPLIT X 3, the display now looks as in the figure below.
HOT PAGE 1
RADAR
PLOTTER
SOUNDER
Red cursor shows
current screen selection
NAV DATA OVERLAY
Hot page setup menu, SPLIT X 3 screen, main screen selection
5-19
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
4. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select a main screen, then press the [ENTER]
knob. For example, select the radar display. Your choice is then shaded to
show that is has been selected.
HOT PAGE 1
RADAR
PLOTTER
SOUNDER
Sub screen
COMPASS
HIGHWAY
EXT VIDEO
Hot page setup menu, SPLIT X 3 screen, sub screen selection
5. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select the screen to show at the top right 1/4
screen, then press the [ENTER] knob or the ENTER soft key.
6. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select the screen to show at the bottom right 1/4
screen, then press [ENTER] knob or the ENTER soft key.
Note: The SELECT WINDOW soft key functions to select the window to
process.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-20
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7
Navigator Setup
This section provides the information necessary for selecting the type of
navigator connected to your plotter.
5.7.1
Navigation data source
The NAV
NAV
POSITION SOURCE
ALL
SETUP menu
SETUP
SPEED AVERAGING*
0060second(s)
mainly selects
EDIT
LOCAL TIME OFFSET*
+00:00
the source of
TEMP CALIBRATION
00°F
* For GPS receiver other
DEPTH CALIBRATION
00ft
nav data. For
than GP-310B/320B.
GPS receiver
RETURN
other than the
GP-310B/320B,
speed
Nav setup menu
averaging and
local time
offset (to use local time) are also available. Press the [MENU] key followed by
the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and NAV SOURCE SETTINGS
soft keys to display this menu.
Contents of nav setup menu
Item
Description
Settings
Position
Source
Chooses source of position data.
FURUNO BB GPS: GPS
Receiver GP-310B/320B
GP: GPS navigator (via
NETWORK or NMEA port)
LC: Loran C navigator (via
NETWORK or NMEA port)
ALL: Multiple navaid connection
(via NETWORK or NMEA port)
Speed
Averaging
Calculation of ETA is based on average
ship’s speed over a given period. If the
period is too long or too short, calculation
error will result. Change this setting if
calculation error occurs. The default setting
is suitable for most conditions.
0-9999 seconds
Local Time
Offset
GPS uses UTC time. If you would rather use
local time, enter the time difference between
it and UTC. This setting is not necessary
when the time difference is entered at the
GPS navaid which is connected. Use the +
<- -> - soft key to switch from plus to minus
and vice versa.
-13:30 to +13:30 hours
Temp
Calibration
Offsets NMEA water temperature
data.
-40°F - 40°F
Depth
Calibration
Offsets NMEA depth data.
-15 - +90 ft
5-21
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7.2
GPS receiver setup (Set equipped with GP-310B/320B)
The GPS SETUP menu sets up the GPS Receiver GPS-310B/320B. Press the
[MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and
GPS SENSOR SETTINGS soft keys to display this menu.
LOCAL TIME OFFSET
GEODETIC DATUM
POSITION SMOOTHING
SPD/CSE SMOOTHING
GPS SPEED AVERAGING
LATITUDE OFFSET
LONGITUDE OFFSET
DISABLE SATELLITE
LATITUDE
LONGITUDE
ANTENNA HEIGHT
GPS FIX MODE
COLD START
+00:00
WGS-84
000 second (s)
005 second (s)
060 second (s)
0.000’N
0.000’E
-- -- -45°35.000’N
125°00.000’W
005 m
2D/3D
NO
GPS
SETUP
EDIT
GPS
STATUS
Appears only when
GPS-320B is connected.
WAAS
SET UP
RETURN
GPS setup menu
Contents of GPS setup menu
Item
Description
Settings
Local Time
Offset
GPS uses UTC time. If you would rather use
local time, enter the time difference between it
and UTC. Use the +< - ->- soft key to switch from
plus to minus and vice versa.
Geodetic Datum
See Appendix for full list.
Geodetic datum is a reference for geodetic
survey measurements consisting of fixed latitude,
longitude and azimuth values associated with a
defined station of reference. You must have the
correct geodetic datum selected in your plotter so
that it will reference the correct point on the chart
for a given latitude and longitude. Although
WGS-84 is now the world standard, other
categories of charts still exist. Refer to Appendix
for a full list of geodetic datum.
(Con’t on next page)
5-22
-13:30 to +13:30 hours
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of GPS setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Description
Settings
Position
Smoothing
When the DOP or receiving condition is unfavorable,
the GPS fix may change greatly, even if the vessel is
not moving. This change can be reduced by smoothing
the raw GPS fixes. A setting between 000 to 999 is
available. The higher the setting the more smoothed
the raw data. If the setting is too high, the response
time required to show a change of latitude and
longitude will be too long. This is especially noticeable
if the vessel is moving fast. Increase the setting if the
GPS fix changes randomly.
0-999 seconds
Spd/Cse
Smoothing
During position fixing, ship’s velocity (speed and
course) is directly measured by receiving GPS satellite
signals. The raw velocity data may vary too much
depending on receiving conditions and other factors.
You can reduce this random variance by increasing the
smoothing. The higher the smoothing setting, the more
the raw data will be averaged. If this setting is high, the
response to speed and course changes will slow. For
no smoothing, enter all zeroes.
0-999 seconds
GPS
Speed
Averaging
Calculation of ETA is based on average ship’s speed
over a given period. If the period is too long or too
short, calculation error will result. Change this setting if
calculation error occurs. The default setting is suitable
for most conditions.
0-999 seconds
Latitude,
Longitude
Offset
Offsets latitude position to further refine position
accuracy.
0.001’S – 9.999’N
0.001’E – 9.999’W
(Con’t on next page)
5-23
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of GPS setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Description
Settings
Max. 3 satellites
Disable
Satellite
Every GPS satellite is broadcasting abnormal satellite
number(s) in its Almanac, which contains general
orbital data about all GPS satellites, including those
which are malfunctioning. Using this information, the
GPS receiver automatically eliminates any
malfunctioning satellite from the GPS satellite
schedule. However, the Almanac sometimes may not
contain this information. If you hear about a
malfunctioning satellite from another source, you can
disable it manually. Enter satellite number (two digits,
max. 3 satellites),then press the ENTER soft key.
Latitude
Sets initial latitude position after cold start. Use the N <
- -> S soft key to switch coordinate.
—
Longitude
Sets initial longitude position after cold start. Use the W
< - -> E soft key to switch coordinate.
—
Antenna
Height
Enters the height of the GPS antenna unit above sea
surface. For further details refer to the installation
manual.
0-99 m
GPS Fix
Mode
Chooses position fixing method: 2D (three satellites in
view), 2D/3D (three or four satellites in view whichever
is greater).
2D, 2D/3D
Cold Start
Clears the Almanac to receive the latest Almanac.
No, Yes
GPS
STATUS
(soft key)
Displays GPS satellite status display. Requires GPS
Receiver GP-310B/320B or GPS navigator outputting
the data sentence GSA or GSV. For further details see
the chapter on Maintenance.
5-24
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
WAAS SETUP
Press the WAAS SETUP soft key to show the WAAS SETUP display.
Note: This function requires GP-320B antenna. Also, confirm that your display
unit has the program version no. shown below.
Item
NavChart type: Ver. 12 and after
C-map type: Ver.8 and after
Contents of WAAS SETUP menu
Description
Settings
WAAS MODE
Select ON to use the WAAS mode.
On, Off
WAAS SEARCH
WAAS satellite can be searched automatically Auto, Manual
or manually. For manual search, enter
appropriate WAASsatellite number.
WAAS ALARM
When the WAAS signal is lost, the audible
alarm sounds with the visual message “NO
WAAS SIGNAL.”
On, Off
On: Alarm continues to sound until the WAAS
positioning mode is available again or the
alarm is recognized by key operation.
Off: Alarm sounds three times.
CORRECTION
DATA SET
Selects the type of message for WAAS
correction. Use “02 (default setting)” until the
system becomes operational.
00 to 27, 99
5-25
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7.3
TD display setup
The TD SETUP menu sets which Loran C or Decca chain to use to display TD
position. (Connection of a Loran C or Decca navigator is not necessary to
display TD position.)
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and TD SETUP soft
keys to display the TD SETUP menu.
LORAN-C
GRI
9940 11-27
U.S. WEST COAST
CORRECTION 1
+000.0 µs
CORRECTION 2
+000.0 µs
DECCA
CHAIN
01 R-G
S BALTIC
CORRECTION 1
+00.00 lane
CORRECTION 2
+00.00 lane
TD
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
TD setup menu
Displaying Loran C TDs
1. Select GRI, then press the EDIT soft key to show the GRI & station pair
window.
GRI & STATION PAIR
▼
▲
9940
11-27
▼
U.S. WEST COAST
Loran GRI & station pair window
2. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select GRI code.
3. Roll the trackball rightward to show the display below, to enable selection of
station pair.
GRI & STATION PAIR
▲
▼
9940
11-27
▼
U.S. WEST COAST
Loran C GRI & station pair window
4. Adjust the trackball vertically to select station pair.
5. Press the ENTER soft key to register your selection.
5-26
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
6. If necessary, you may enter a position offset to refine Loran C position
accuracy. Select (GRI) CORRECTION 1 or CORRECTION 2, then press the
EDIT soft key. Enter correction value with the trackball and alphanumeric
keys. Use the + < − −> - soft key to switch from plus to minus and vice versa.
Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the RETURN soft key twice.
8. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key followed by the NEXT PAGE soft key.
9. Select “LORAN C” from “TD DISPLAY” and “TD” from “POSITION DISPLAY.”
10. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Displaying DECCA TDs
1. Select CHAIN, then press the EDIT soft key to show the chain & station pair
window.
CHAIN STATION PAIR
01
▼
▲
R-G
▼
S BALTIC
Decca chain and station pair window
2. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select Decca chain number.
3. Roll the trackball rightward to show the display below, to enable selection of
station pair.
CHAIN STATION PAIR
▲
▼
01
R-G
▼
S BALTIC
Decca chain and station pair window
4. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select station pair (R: red, G:
green and P: purple).
5. Press the ENTER soft key to register your selection.
6. If necessary, you may enter position offset to refine Decca position. Select
(CHAIN) CORRECTION 1 or CORRECTION 2, then press the EDIT soft key.
Enter correction value with the trackball and alphanumeric keys. Use the
+ < − −> - soft key to switch from plus to minus and vice versa. Press the
ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the RETURN soft key twice.
8. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key followed by the NEXT PAGE soft key.
9. Select “DECCA” from “TD DISPLAY” and “TD” from “POSITION DISPLAY.”
10. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
5-27
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.8
Nav Data Display Setup
The nav data display shows various navigation data, fed from a navigator,
network equipment, etc. You may select the data to display and where to display
it as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP, HOT PAGE & NAV
DISP SETUP and NAV DATA DISPLAY SETUP soft keys.
1
NAV
DATA
POSITION
EDIT
2
4
WPT POS
STW
3
SOG
5
COG
6
BEARING
7
RANGE
8
DEPTH
9
TEMP
RETURN
Nav data setup screen
3. Use the trackball to select a location.
4. Press the EDIT soft key. The following display appears.
DISPLAY DATA
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
POSITION
WPT POSITION
SOG
STW
COG
BEARING
RANGE
DEPTH
TEMPERATURE
LOG TRIP
TIME TO GO
ETA
DATE
TIME
WIND
Nav data setup window
5. Select the data to display, then press the ENTER soft key or [ENTER] knob
to register your selection.
6. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-28
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9
Sounder Setup
This section shows you how to customize your network sounder to your liking.
You can set fish alarm sensitivity, fine tune sensors, etc.
5.9.1
System setup
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
FISH ALARM LEVEL
TRANSMISSION
TVG - HF
TVG - LF
ECHO OFFSET - HF
ECHO OFFSET - LF
BOTTOM LEVEL - HF
BOTTOM LEVEL - LF
KP PULSE
SMOOTHING
TLL OUTPUT
MEDIUM
ON
3
3
+00
+00
+000
+000
INTERNAL
SM3
ON
SYSTEM
SETUP 1
EDIT
SENSOR
SETUP
STC - HF
STC - LF
FREQ. ADJ. - HF
FREQ. ADJ. - LF
TARGET ECHO
SYSTEM
SETUP 2
00
00
+00.0%
+00.0%
NORMAL
EDIT
SENSOR
SETUP
NEXT
PAGE
PREV.
PAGE
RETURN
Page 1
Page 2
Sounder system setup menu
Sounder system setup menu description
Item
Fish Alarm
Level
Transmission
TVG
(HF,LF)
Description
Sets the fish alarm sensitivity; that is,
the minimum echo strength which will
trigger the fish alarms.
Turns TX power on/off.
TVG (Time Varied Gain) compensates
for propagation attenuation of the
ultrasonic waves. It does this by
equalizing echo presentation so that
fish schools of the same size appear in
the same density in both shallow and
deep waters. In addition, it reduces
surface noise. Note that if the TVG
level is set too high short range
echoes may not be displayed.
Settings
High: Orange and stronger echoes
trigger the alarm.*
Medium: Yellow and stronger echoes
trigger the alarm.*
Low: Green and stronger echoes
trigger the alarm.*
* = 8-color display
On, Off
0-9
(Continued on next page)
5-29
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Sounder system setup menu description (con’t from previous page)
Item
Echo Offset
(HF, LF)
Bottom Level
(HF, LF)
KP Pulse
Smoothing
TLL Output
STC (HF, LF)
(For ETR-30N
only)
FREQ. ADJ.
(HF, LF) (For
ETR-30N only)
TARGET
ECHO
(For ETR-30N
only)
SENSOR
SETUP
soft key
(See next
page.)
5-30
Description
If the on-screen echo level appears to be too weak
or too strong and the level cannot be adjusted
satisfactorily with the gain control, adjust echo
offset to compensate for too weak or too strong
echoes.
If the depth indication is unstable in automatic
operation or the bottom echo cannot be displayed
in reddish-brown by adjusting the gain control in
manual operation, you may adjust the bottom echo
level detection circuit, for both HF and LF, to
stabilize the indication. Note that if the level is set
too low weak echoes may be missed and if set too
high the depth indication will not be displayed.
Selects source of keying pulse.
Settings
-50 - +50
-100 - +100
Internal, External (See
installation manual.)
Smoothes echoes to present stable display. The
higher the setting the greater the smoothing.
Outputs current position to plotter where it is
marked with TLL mark. Use soft key to output TLL.
Adjusts STC level for the high and low frequencies,
and is useful for suppressing surface noise. The
setting range is 0-10; the higher the setting the
greater the extent of suppression. Setting 10
suppresses noise up to several meters. Turn off
the STC when there is no noise on the screen,
otherwise weak echoes may be missed.
Interference from other acoustic equipment
operating nearby or other electronic equipment on
your boat may show itself on the display. You may
suppress these type of interference by adjusting
frequency.
SM1-SM4, OFF
Sets fishing objective.
Normal for general fishing, Surface for detecting
surface. Pulse repetition rate is higher than
NORMAL on the specified transducer.
Normal, Surface
ON, OFF
0-10
-10 - +10 %
See next section for details.
Offsets speed, depth and water temperature
indications and speed of sound.
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9.2
Sensor setup
The SENSOR SETUP menu lets you further refine speed, water temperature
and depth data fed from the network sounder.
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP and SENSOR SETUP soft keys to
show the SENSOR SETUP menu. The current ship’s speed, water
temperature, depth and speed of sound are shown at the bottom of the
menu.
SPEED CALIBRATION
+ 00%
TEMP. CALIBRATION
+ 00°F
DEPTH CALIBRATION
+00ft
ACSTC SPD CALIBRATION
+ 000m/s
SPEED
SENSOR
SETUP
EDIT
TEMP
12.3kt
78.8°F
DEPTH
ACSTC SPD
RETURN
1500m/s
125.0ft
Sensor setup menu
3. Select item to adjust, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to set appropriate value.
Speed and temperature calibrations: Enter plus or minus value. For
example, if the water temperature readout is 77°F but the actual water
temperature is 75°F, enter –2(°F).
Depth calibration: If you desire the depth readout to show the distance
between ship’s draft and bottom (rather than transducer and bottom), set
ship’s draft here. Enter a plus or minus value.
Acoustic speed calibration: Sets the speed of sound used by the network
sounder. Normally no adjustment is required, however if echoes are returning
too slow or too fast adjust the value as appropriate. This is only used if water
salinity is at an extreme level. Under normal circumstances, do not adjust.
Sensor setup menu settings
Item
Settings
Default Setting
Speed Calibration
-50 -+50%
0 (no offset)
Temperature Calibration
-40°F – +40°F
0 (no offset)
Depth Calibration
-15 - +90 ft
0 (no offset)
Acoustic Speed Calibration
-500 - +500 m/s
0 (no offset)
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key.
5-31
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9.3
Sounding range, zoom range, bottom lock range
This paragraph shows you how to set custom ranges for basic range, zoom
range (marker and bottom zoom) and bottom lock range. All default basic ranges
are restored whenever the unit of depth measurement is changed. Therefore,
change the depth unit before changing the basic ranges.
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key to open the main
menu.
2. Press the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP soft key to show the SOUNDER
RANGE SETUP menu.
RANGE 1
15 ft
RANGE 2
30 ft
RANGE 3
60 ft
RANGE 4
120 ft
RANGE 5
200 ft
RANGE 6
400 ft
RANGE 7
1000 ft
RANGE 8*
4000 ft
ZOOM RANGE
30 ft
BOTTOM LOCK RANGE
20 ft
RANGE
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
*2000 ft on using ETR-6/10N
Sounder range setup menu
3. Select the range to change, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Rotate the trackball or [ENTER] knob to set range desired, then press the
RETURN soft key. For basic range, set depth from lowest to highest; a range
cannot be higher than its succeeding neighbor.
5. Press the [MENU] key to finish.
Default basic ranges
Range 1
Range 2
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5
Range 6
Range 7
Range 8
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
5m
10 m
20 m
40 m
80 m
150 m
300 m
1200 m
1500 m
15 ft
3 fa
30 ft
5 fa
60 ft
10 fa
120 ft
20 fa
200 ft
40 fa
400 ft
80 fa
1000 ft
150 fa
4000 ft
650 fa
4500 m
900 fa
3 P/B
5 P/B
10 P/B
30 P/B
50 P/B
100 P/B
200 P/B
700 P/B
900 P/B
Setting range: 2 m –1200 m, 7 ft – 4000 ft, 2 fa – 650 fa, 1 P/B – 1000 P/B
Zoom range and bottom-lock ranges
Item
5-32
Settings
Default Setting
Zoom Range
2 m – 120 m, 7 ft – 400 ft,
1 fa – 60 fa, 1 P/B – 70 P/B
10 m, 30 ft, 10 fa, 10 P/B
Bottom-lock
Range
3 or 6 m, 10 or 20 ft, 2 or 3
fa, 2 or 3 P/B
6 m, 20 ft, 3 fa, 3 P/B
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9.4
Function key setup
The function keys provide one-touch execution of a desired function. The default
sounder function key settings are as shown in the table below.
Function
Key
1
2
3
4
5
Function Key
Label
TLL
CLT
SLV
Default Function
Output current position.
Suppress clutter.
Erase weak signal.
Suppress noise.
Set picture advancement speed.
NL
PA
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Show the sounder display.
2. Press the [MENU] key.
3. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
▲
Function key
setting
Function
key label
SOFT KEY 1
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
T
L
L
SOFTKEY 2
CLT: CLUTTER
C
L
T
SOFT KEY 3
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
S
L
V
SOFT KEY 4
NL: NOISE LIMITER
N
L
SOFT KEY 5
PA: PICTURE ADV
P
A
FUNC
KEY
EDIT
RETURN
Sounder function key menu
4. Select the function key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOFT KEY 1
SOFT KEY 1
SOFT KEY 1
▲
▲
Scroll
down
PA: PICTURE ADV
TG: TEMP. GRAPH
TVH: TVG - HF
TVL: TVG - LF
EOH: OFFSET - HF
EOL: OFFSET - LF
SMT: SMOOTHING
ZMR: ZOOM RANGE
BLR: B/L RANGE
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Scroll
down
SSR: SNDR SOURCE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
▲
▲
OFF
MOD: AUTO MODE
GHF: GAIN - HF
GLF: GAIN - LF
SFT: SHIFT
NL: NOISE LIMITER
CLT: CLUTTER
WMK: WHITE MARKER
HUE: HUE
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
Sounder function key options
5-33
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Sounder function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
MOD: AUTO MODE
Display automatic mode selection window.
MOD
GHF: GAIN – HF
Displays high frequency gain adjustment window.
GHF
GLF: GAIN – LF
Displays low frequency gain adjustment window.
GLF
SFT: SHIFT
Shifts range in manual operation.
SFT
NL: NOISE LIMITER
Suppresses noise.
NL
CLT: CLUTTER
Suppresses clutter.
CLT
WMK: WHITE MARKER
Sets white marker.
WMK
HUE: HUE
Sets hue.
HUE
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
Erases weak signals.
SLV
PA: PICTURE ADV
Sets picture advance speed.
PA
TG: TEMP. GRAPH
Turns temperature graph on/off.
TG
TVH: TVG – HF
Sets TVG for high frequency
TVH
TVL: TVG – LF
Sets TVG for low frequency.
TVL
EOH: OFFSET – HF
Offsets echo strength for high frequency.
EOH
EOL: OFFSET -LF
Offsets echo strength for low frequency.
EOL
SMT: SMOOTHING
Sets echo smoothing rate.
SMZ
ZMR: ZOOM RANGE
Sets zoom range.
ZMR
BLR: B/L RANGE
Sets bottom lock range for bottom-lock display.
BLR
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Outputs current position to plotter. Also inscribes
line on sounder and registers position as a
waypoint on plotter.
TLL
SSR: SNDR SOURCE
Selects source for sounder data.
SSR
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Turns data boxes on/off.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Switches control in combination display.
CHG
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-34
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.
DATA TRANSFER
This chapter provides information for saving and replaying data to and from
memory cards, uploading and downloading data, loading waypoint data from
Yeoman, and outputting data through the network.
Note: The data transfer function is not available for the optional memory card
interface unit CU-200.
6.1
Memory Card Operations
The memory cards store these data: marks, lines, waypoints, routes, track, and
setting data (plotter only).
6.1.1
Formatting memory cards
Before you can use a memory card it must be formatted. This prepares the card
for use with the system. Note that formatting a memory card erases all data from
the card.
1. Insert a blank memory card into the card slot.
2. Press the [MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, DATA
TRANSFER, UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA and SAVE DATA TO MEMORY
CARD soft keys to show the SAVE DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
SETTING DATA
OFF
SAVE
DATA
EDIT
SAVE
FORMAT
RETURN
Save data menu
3. Press the FORMAT soft key. You are asked if you are ready to format the
memory card.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to format (or press the [CLEAR] key to escape).
“NOW FORMATTING MEMORY CARD” appears. Do not remove the card
while it is being formatting. When the formatting is completed, “FORMAT
COMPLETED. PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to continue.
Note: If the memory card was not inserted correctly, the message “FAILED TO
FORMAT MEMORY CARD.” appears.
6-1
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.1.2
Saving data to a memory card
1. Insert a formatted memory card into the slot.
2. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CONFIGURATION, DATA
TRANSFER, UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA and SAVE DATA TO MEMORY
CARD soft keys to show the SAVE DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
SETTING DATA*
OFF
SAVE
DATA
EDIT
SAVE
* = Plotter data only
FORMAT
RETURN
Save data menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Use the trackball to select item to save.
Press the EDIT soft key.
Use the trackball to select ON.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Repeat steps 3 to 6 to choose other data to save if desired.
Press the SAVE soft key, then press the [ENTER] knob. The message “NOW
SAVING DATA TO MEMORY CARD. DO NOT TURN OFF DISPLAY UNIT
UNTIL COMPLETED.” appears.
When saving is completed, “COMPLETED SAVING DATA. PUSH ENTER KNOB
TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the [ENTER] knob to continue.
6-2
6. DATA TRANSFER
Memory card messages
Various memory card messages appear to alert you to memory card-related
error. These are tabulated below.
Memory card messages
Message
Reason
Remedy
Memory card is not
inserted. Please insert
memory card. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Memory card not
inserted.
Push the [ENTER] knob to return to the
SAVE DATA display and then insert card.
Memory card is not
formatted. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Unformatted memory
card.
Push the [ENTER] knob to return to the
SAVE DATA display. Format the card
referring to page 6-1.
Wrong card is inserted.
Please insert correct
memory card. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Chart card inserted
instead of memory
card.
Remove chart card, insert memory card,
and then push the [ENTER] knob to
continue.
Overwrite data?
(Track)
(Mark)
(WPT)
(Config)
Data type to be
recorded exists on
memory card. (Two or
more of same type of
data cannot be
recorded.)
Push the [ENTER] knob to overwrite same
data type on the card, or press the
[CLEAR] key to escape.
6-3
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.1.3
Playing back data from a memory card
Data (track, marks, lines, waypoints, routes and setting data) can be loaded from
a memory card and displayed on the screen. This feature is useful for observing
past data and setting up the equipment for a specific purpose with “setting data.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION and
DATA TRANSFER soft keys.
2. Press the UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA soft key.
3. Press the LOAD DATA IN MEMORY CARD soft key to show the LOAD
DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
MARKS & LINES
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
SETTING DATA*
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
LOAD
DATA
EDIT
LOAD
* = Plotter data only
RETURN
Load data menu
4. Use the trackball to select item to load.
5. Press the EDIT soft key. (The EDIT soft key is inoperative when no memory
card is inserted or there is no data in the memory card.)
6. Use the trackball to select ON. (Select OFF to not load selected data.) Press
the ENTER soft key. If the memory card does not contain the item selected,
the unit beeps and ON cannot be selected.
7. After selecting all items desired, press the LOAD soft key, then press the
[ENTER] knob. The message “START LOADING FROM MEMORY CARD.”
appears.
8. After loading is completed, the message “COMPLETED LOADING DATA.
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the [ENTER] knob to
continue.
Notes on loading data
Tracks: Since loaded track data is added to internal track, oldest track will be
erased when the track memory capacity is exceeded.
Waypoints & routes: The loaded data replaces like stored data.
Marks & lines: The loaded data is added to internal data. When the mark/line
memory becomes full no marks may be entered.
Setting data: The loaded data replaces current configuration settings. If the
memory card contents could not be loaded, push the [ENTER] knob to restart
with default settings. Note that track memory capacity is not saved or loaded. To
use loaded setting data, turn the power off and on again.
6-4
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.2
Uploading, Downloading Data
You can upload/download waypoints, routes, marks and lines from/to a PC,
through the DATA 4 port at the rear of the display unit. Note that radar and
sounder data cannot be uploaded or downloaded.
6.2.1
Setting communication software on the PC
The communication format (RS-232C) with the PC is as follows:
Baud Rate:
Character Length:
Stop bit:
Parity:
X Control:
4800 bps
8 bits
1 bit
None
XON/XOFF (fixed)
The following data can be downloaded/uploaded between a PC and this
equipment:
• Waypoint data (In alphanumeric order)
• Route data (In order of route number)
• End of sentence
Note 1: There are two kinds of data for route data: route data and route
comment data.
Note 2: DGPS position fix is not available when uploading or downloading data.
Note 3: Wiring information appears on the UPLOAD or DOWNLOAD menu.
6.2.2
Uploading or downloading data
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the PC to the equipment.
Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA soft key.
Press the DOWNLOAD WPT/ROUTE TO PC or UPLOAD WPT/ROUTE
FROM PC soft key.
OFF
OFF
WIRING INFORMATION
DISPLAY UNIT PC: DSUB9
TxD
>1>-WHITE-<2<RD
RxD
>2>-BLUE -<3<SD
RD-A
>3>-YELLOW
RD-B
>4>-GREEN
+12V
>5>-RED
EXT BUZZ
>6>-BLACK
GND
>7>-SHIELD-<5<SG
UPLOAD
EDIT
UPLOAD
SELECT
BPS
RETURN
WAYPOINT & ROUTES
MARKS & LINES
RS232C SETTING
• 4800BPS,
• 8BIT,
•1STOP BIT,
• PARITY NONE,
• CONTROL Xon/Xoff
▲
▲
WAYPOINT & ROUTES
MARKS & LINES
RS232C SETTING
• 4800BPS,
• 8BIT,
•1STOP BIT,
• PARITY NONE,
• CONTROL Xon/Xoff
OFF
OFF
WIRING INFORMATION
DISPLAY UNIT PC: DSUB9
TxD
>1>-WHITE-<2<RD
RxD
>2>-BLUE -<3<SD
RD-A
>3>-YELLOW
RD-B
>4>-GREEN
+12V
>5>-RED
EXT BUZZ
>6>-BLACK
GND
>7>-SHIELD-<5<SG
DOWNLOAD
EDIT
DWLOAD
SELECT
BPS
RETURN
Upload and download menus
6-5
6. DATA TRANSFER
7. To change the baud rate, press the SELECT BPS soft key.
BAUD RATE
▲
¤
¡
¡
4800 bps
9600 bps
19200 bps
▼
Baud rate window
8. Select baud rate, then press the ENTER soft key.
9. Press the DWLOAD or UPLOAD soft key. You are asked if you are ready to
download or upload waypoints and routes.
10. Push the [ENTER] knob to download (upload).
Waypoint data format
PFEC, GPwpl, llll.llll, a, yyyyy.yyy, a, c----c, c, c----c, a <CR><LF>
6 7
5
4
3
1 2
8
Waypoint data format
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
Waypoint latitude
N/S
Waypoint longitude
E/W
Waypoint name (Number of characters is fixed to 6 and space code is placed
when the number of characters are less than 6.)
6: Waypoint color
7: Waypoint comment (1 byte for mark code + 13 characters of comment.)
1st byte of mark code: Fixed to “@”.
2nd byte of mark code: Internal mark code. See Note 1.
8. Information of marking waypoint. Always set to “A”.
“A”: Displayed
“V”: Not displayed
Note 1: The following characters can be used for comments:
_ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789&'#
=9
=>
=B
=F
=;
=:
=?
=@
=D
=C
=G
==
=<
=A
=E
=H
Characters available for comment
6-6
6. DATA TRANSFER
Route data menu
$GPRTE, x, x, a, ccc, c----c, c----c, ... , c----c <CR><LF>
5
1 2 3
4
6
12
Route data format
1: Number of sentences required for one complete route data (1 to 4). See Note
2.
2: Number of sentences currently used (1 to 4)
3: Message mode (Always set to C)
4: Route No. (001 to 300, 3 digits required)
5 through 12: Waypoint name (Max. 8 names, length of each waypoint name is
fixed to 7 byte)
Note 2: A route can may contain 35 waypoints, and the GPRTE sentence for
one route data may exceed 80 byte limitation. In this case, route data is
divided into several GPRTE sentences (Max. 4 sentences). This value
shows the number of sentences the route data has been divided.
Route comment data format
$PFEC, GPrtc,
xx, c----c <CR><LF>
1
2
Route comment format
1: Route No. (01 to 200, 3 digits required)
2: Route comment (Max. 16 characters, variable length)
The same characters of the comment for waypoint comment can be used.
End of sentence
$PFEC, GPxfr,
CTL, E <CR><LF>
End of sentence
6-7
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.3
Loading Waypoint Data from Yeoman
Waypoint data can be loaded from a Yeoman to this equipment. Connect the
Yeoman to a DATA port on this equipment and then follow the procedure
below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the RECEIVE YEOMAN DATA soft key.
You are asked if you are sure to receive waypoint data from Yeoman
equipment. Push the [ENTER] knob to receive the data.
The message “NOW RECEIVING YEOMAN DATA. PUSH SOFT KEY
‘STOP’ TO STOP RECEIVING.” Is displayed. If waypoint capacity is reached
the message “WAYPOINTS FULL. NO MORE WAYPOINT CAN BE
RECEIVED. PUSH ANY KEY TO STOP.” appears.
6. To stop receiving, press the STOP soft key.
7. After waypoints have been received, press the [MENU] key.
6-8
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.4
Receiving Data Via Network Equipment
You can receive waypoints, routes, marks and lines from NavNet equipment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the RECEIVE DATA VIA NETWORK soft key.
HOST NAME
PLOT1 - - MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES OFF
RECEIVE
DATA
EDIT
RCV
RETURN
Receive data menu
5. Select HOST NAME, then press the EDIT soft key.
HOST NAME
PLOT1---
Host name window
6. Use the trackball and the alphanumeric keys to input host name from which
to receive data, then push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Select the data you wish to receive, then press the EDIT soft key. For
example, select MARKS & LINES.
MARKS & LINES
▲
¡ ON
¤ OFF
▼
Marks & lines window
8. Select ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
9. Turn WAYPOINTS & ROUTES on or off as appropriate.
6-9
6. DATA TRANSFER
10. Press the RCV soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob.
The message “START RECEIVING DATA VIA NETWORK.” is displayed. If
no data could be found, the message “(HOST NAME)’ IS NOT FOUND.”
appears.
11. When the transfer is completed, the message “DATA TRANSFER
COMPLETED. PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the
[ENTER] knob to finish.
12. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
6.5
Outputting Data Through the Network
Follow the procedure below to output data through the network.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP, PORT SETUP
and OUTPUT THROUGH NETWORK soft keys.
SELECT SENTENCE
AAM
APB
BOD
BWR
DPT
GGA
GLL
GTD
MTW
RMA
RMB
RMC
VHW
VTG
WPL
XTE
ZDA
HDT
HDG
MWV
---------------------
SELECT
SNTNC
ON/OFF
RETURN
Select sentence menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Select sentence with the trackball.
Press the ON/OFF soft key to turn sentence on or off.
Press the RETURN soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
AAM: Waypoint arrival alarm, APB: Autopilot sentence B, BOD: Bearing origin to
destination, BWR: Bearing and distance to waypoint - rhumb line, DPT: Depth,
GGA: Global positioning system(GPS) fix data, GLL: Geographic position latutude/longitude, GTD: Own ship information-TD, MTW: Water temperature,
RMA: Recommended minimum specific LORAN-C data, RMB: Recommended
minimum navigation information, RMC: Recommended minimum specific
GPS/TRANSIT data, VHW: Water speed and heading, VTG: Course over ground
and ground speed, WPL: Waypoint location, XTE: Cross-track error, measured,
ZDA: Time and date, HDT: Heading true, HDG: Heading, deviation and variation,
MWV: Wind speed and angle
6-10
7.
MAINTENANCE,
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter provides information necessary for keeping your unit in good
working order and remedying simple problems.
WARNING
Do not open the equipment.
Hazardous voltage which can
cause electrical shock exists
inside the equipment. Only
qualified personnel should
work inside the equipment.
7.1
Preventive Maintenance
Regular maintenance is important for optimum performance. A maintenance
program should be established and should at least include the items shown in
the table below.
Maintenance program
Item
Display unit
connectors
LCD
Ground
terminal
Check point
Check for tight connection.
Remedy
Tighten loosened connectors.
The LCD will, in time,
accumulate a coating of
dust which tends to dim
the picture. Wipe LCD
lightly with soft cloth to
remove dust.
Wipe the LCD carefully to prevent scratching,
using tissue paper and an LCD cleaner. To
remove dirt or salt deposits, use an LCD
cleaner, wiping slowly with tissue paper so as
to dissolve the dirt or salt. Change paper
frequently so the salt or dirt will not scratch
the LCD. Do not use solvents such as thinner,
acetone or benzene for cleaning.
Clean or replace ground wire as
necessary.
Check for tight connection
and corrosion.
7-1
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.2
Replacement of Batteries
Battery on circuit board
A lithium battery (Type CR2450-F2 ST2L, Code No. 000-144-941) fitted on a
circuit board inside the display unit preserves data when the equipment is turned
off, and its life is about three years. When its voltage is low the battery icon ( )
appears at the top of the display. When the icon appears, contact your dealer to
request replacement of the battery.
Batteries in remote controller
The remote controller has two AA batteries. If the distance from which the
remote controller can be operated has decreased, change the battery.
Note: Replace all batteries together. Do not mix old and new batteries.
WARNING
Ensure battery polarity is correct.
Wrong polarity may cause the batteries to explode. 7.3
Replacement of Fuse
The fuse on the power cable protects the equipment from reverse polarity of the
ship’s mains and equipment fault. If the fuse blows, find out the cause before
replacing it. Use the correct fuse¥. Using the wrong fuse will damage the
equipment and void the warranty.
1823C, 1833C, 1933C, 1943C: 15A for 12V device, 7A for 24V device
1953C, GD-1900C: 7A for 12/24 V device
Power supply unit PSU-005 (1953C): 15A for 12V device, 7A for 24V device
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can cause fire or
damage the equipment.
7-2
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.4
Replacement the Magnetron
When the magnetron has expired, distant targets cannot be seen on the display.
When you feel that long range performance has decreased, contact a FURUNO
agent or dealer about replacement of the magnetron.
Model
MODEL1823C
MODEL1833C
MODEL1933C
MODEL1943C
MODEL1953C
7.5
Magnetron Type
E3588
E3571
MAF1421B
MAF1422B
MAF1425B
Code No.
000-146-866
000-146-867
000-147-385
000-146-871
000-146-872
Replacement the Synchro Belt (1823C only)
When the synchro belt of MODEL1823C has worn out, the sweep is not
synchronized with antenna rotation, which results in an abnormal picture.
When you suspect that the synchro belt has worn out, contact a FURUNO agent
or dealer about replacement. (Type: 40 S2M 266UG, Code No.: 000-808-743)
7.6
Trackball Maintenance
If the cursor skips or moves abnormally, you may need to clean the trackball.
1. Turn the retainer ring counterclockwise 45° to unlock it.
Retainer Ring
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Display unit
Remove the retainer ring and ball.
Clean the ball with a soft lint-free cloth, and then blow carefully into the
ball-cage to dislodge dust and lint.
Look for a build-up of dirt on the metal rollers. If dirty, clean the rollers using a
cotton swab moistened lightly with isopropyl-rubbing alcohol.
Make sure that fluff from the swab is not left on the rollers.
Replace the ball and retainer ring. Be sure the retainer ring is not inserted
reversely.
Note: Trackball maintenance parts are available as below.
Part
Retainer ring and ball
Type
MU3721
Code No.
000-144-645
7-3
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.7
Simple Troubleshooting
This section provides simple troubleshooting procedures which the user can
follow to restore normal operation. If you cannot restore normal operation do not
attempt to check inside the unit. Any trouble should be referred to a qualified
technician.
7.7.1
General
General troubleshooting
If…
you cannot turn on the
power
there is no response
when a key is pressed
7.7.2
Then…
•
•
•
•
•
•
check for blown fuse.
check that the power connector is firmly fastened.
check for corrosion on the power cable connector.
check for damaged power cable.
check battery for proper voltage output (10.8 to 31.2 V).
turn off and on the power. If there still is no response the key may
be faulty. Request service.
Radar
GD-1900C requires a network radar.
Radar troubleshooting
If…
you pressed the
[POWER/BRILL] key and the
RADAR TX soft key to show
the radar picture
marks, legends appear
the picture is not updated or
it freezes
But…
nothing appears on the
display
Then…
• check that the antenna cable is
firmly fastened.
• check if radar source is correct.
no echo appears
• check Tx fuse in power cable.
If it is blown, replace it.
• check antenna cable.
• for freeze up, turn the display
unit on and off again.
• magnetron may need to be
replaced. Contact your dealer.
• try to hit the [+] and [-] keys
again.
• turn the display unit off and on
again.
• adjust A/C SEA.
—
tuning is adjusted
sensitivity is poor
the range is changed
radar picture does not
change
there is poor discrimination in
range
the true motion presentation
is not working properly
—
the range rings are not
displayed
—
7-4
—
• reselect true motion mode.
• check if heading and speed are
input.
• hit the RADAR DISPLY and
RINGS soft keys to display
them.
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.7.3
Plotter
Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B.
Plotter troubleshooting
If…
position is not fixed
within three minutes
position is wrong
Then…
• check that antenna connector is firmly fastened.
• check number of satellites received, on the GPS status display. (See
page 7-11.) There should be three or more.
• check that the correct geodetic chart system is selected, on the GPS
SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
• enter position offset, on the GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
the track is not plotted
• track is not being plotted. (“H” icon appears at the top of the display.)
Press the TRACK HALT soft key on the TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL menu to start plotting again.
the bearing is wrong
• check that correct magnetic variation is entered, on the GENERAL
SETUP menu.
Loran C (or Decca)
TDs do not appear
• check that LORAN C (or DECCA) is selected at TD DISPLAY on the
GENERAL SETUP menu. Also, check that proper Loran C (Decca)
chains codes are entered, on the TD SETUP menu.
Loran C (or Decca)
TDs are wrong
• enter TD offset, on the TD SETUP menu.
the ship’s speed
indication is not zero
after the ship is
stopped
• try to decrease speed/course smoothing, on the GPS SENSOR
SETTINGS menu.
7-5
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.7.4
Sounder
Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N/30N.
Sounder troubleshooting
If…
you selected a sounder
display with the DISP key
But…
picture does not appear
Then…
• check that the network
sounder’s signal cable is firmly
fastened.
• Check that sounder source is
correct.
• check that the network sounder
is plugged in. The LED on the
network sounder should flash
every second.
marks and characters
appear
picture does not appear
• check for loosened transducer
connector.
the picture appears
zero line does not appear
• the picture is shifted. Confirm
shift setting.
picture sensitivity is too low
—
• check gain setting, if using
manual operation.
• marine life or air bubbles may
be clinging to transducer face.
• bottom may be too soft to return
a suitable echo.
the depth indication is not
displayed
—
• adjust gain and range to display
the bottom echo (in reddish
brown), if you are using the
manual sounder mode.
noise or interference shows
on the display
—
• check to be sure the transducer
cable is not near ship’s engine.
• check the ground.
• other video sounders of the
same frequency as yours may
be operating near you.
the water temperature graph
appears
7-6
data is wrong
• check that sensor cable is tightly
fastened.
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.8
Diagnostics
This paragraph provides the procedures for testing the equipment for proper
operation. Four tests are provided: Memory I/O test, Keyboard test, Remote
controller test, and Test pattern.
7.8.1
Memory I/O test
The memory I/O test provides for individual testing of the display unit, GPS
Receiver GP-310B/320B, Network Sounder ETR-6/10N, ETR-30N and ARP,
displaying program number and checking for proper operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the MEMORY I/O TEST soft key.
MEMORY
I/O TST
DISPLAY UNIT TEST
GPS SENSOR TEST*
NETWORK SOUNDER TEST**
ARP TEST***
RETURN
* = Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B.
** = Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N or ETR-30N.
*** = Requires ARP-equipped Model
1800/1900 series network radar.
MEMORY I/O TEST menu
6. Then, press appropriate soft key to start a diagnostic test.
7-7
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
Display unit test
Press the DISPLAY UNIT TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test
the display unit. The equipment displays program version number and checks
devices. Results for device checks are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any
NG, request service. A test connector is required to check ports. “ - - “ shown
when no test connector is connected. Chart number shown when chart is
inserted. Press the RETURN soft key to return the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
* = For FURUNO, NAVIONICS model. 19500010XX for C-MAP model.
No results appear when
"sub" radar selected as
radar source.
Program No. 19500020XX*
ROM1, 2
: OK
ROM3
: OK
ROM4
: OK
SDRAM
: OK
SRAM
: OK
INT. BATTERY : OK
PORT
NMEA IN/OUT 1 : - NMEA IN/OUT 2 : - NMEA IN
:-RS232
:-HEADING
: 352.2°
NETWORK
:-CARD SLOT
:
CHART NUMBER:
HEADING PULSE : OK
BEARING PULSE : OK (XX.Xrpm)
TOTAL ON TIME : 000000.0 h
TOTAL TX TIME : 000000.0 h
Program No. 19500020XX*
ROM1, 2
: OK
ROM3
: OK
ROM4
: OKS
SDRAM
: OK
SRAM
: OK
INTERNAL
BATTERY
: OK
PORT
NMEA IN/OUT 1 : - NMEA IN/OUT 2 : - NMEA IN
:-RS232C :-HEADING
: 352.2°
NETWORK
:-CHART NUMBER:
Machine Status +130
Machine Status +130
XX = Program Version No.
XX = Program Version No.
Model 1800/1900 series
GD-1900C
Display unit test results
GPS sensor test (Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B)
Press the GPS SENSOR TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test
the GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B. The equipment displays GPS receiver
program version number, and checks the GPS unit for proper operation,
displaying OK or NG (No Good) as the result. For NG, request service. Press the
RETURN soft key to return the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. *48502180XX
GPS UNIT
: OK
Machine Status +115
*: This is for GPS-310B,
"48502380XX" appears for GPS-320B.
XX = Program Version No.
GPS receiver test results
7-8
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
Network sounder test (Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N, ETR-30N)
Press the NETWORK SOUNDER TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST
menu to test the Network Sounder ETR-6/10N or ETR-30N. The equipment
displays network sounder program version number, checks the ROM and RAM,
and displays water temperature (appropriate sensor required) and depth. The
results of the ROM and RAM check are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any
NG, request service. Press the RETURN soft key to return to the MEMORY I/O
TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 02523060XX
ROM 1, 2
: OK
RAM
: OK
TEMPERATURE
: 77°F
DEPTH
: 4000ft
Machine Status +115
XX = Program Version No.
ETR-30N: 0252310XX.XX
Network sounder test results
ARP test (Requires ARP pcb in Model 1800/1900 series network radar)
The ARP test is mainly provided for the service technician. Press the ARP TEST
soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test the ARP. The results of the
ROM and RAM check are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any NG, request
service. Press the RETURN soft key to return the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 18590271XX
ARP ROM
: OK ARP RAM : OK
SPEED
: OK 12.3kt
COURSE
: OK 359.9°
TRIGGER
: OK
VIDEO
: OK
BEARING PULSE : OK
HEADING PULSE : OK
MINIMUM HIT
: 0003
SCAN-TIME
: 0250
MANUAL ACQ : 00
AUTO ACQ
: 00
FE-DATA1
: 000
FE-DATA2
: 000
Machine Status +115
XX = Program Version No.
ARP test results
7-9
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.8.2
Test pattern
The test pattern test checks the display for proper display of colors.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the TEST PATTERN soft key to show the test pattern.
Push the [ENTER] knob consecutively to show white, red, green, blue and
black colors individually.
7. Press the RETURN soft key.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
BLACK
BLUE
GREEN
GREEN
RED
RETURN
WHITE
WHITE
RETURNPATTERN.
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CHANGE
[ENTER] knob
WHT
[ENTER] knob
RED
[ENTER] knob
GRN
[ENTER] knob
BLU
[ENTER] knob
BLK
[ENTER] knob
Test pattern sequence
7-10
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.8.3
Keyboard, remote controller test
The keyboard test checks the controls on the display unit and remote controller
for proper operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the KEYBOARD & REMOTE TEST soft key.
PUSH "CLEAR" KEY
3 TIMES TO RETURN
K-BOARD
TEST
For Remote Controller
For Display Unit
I/R REMOTE CODE
Screen for testing keyboard, remote controller
6. Operate each control on the keyboard and remote controller one by one. A
key is functioning properly if its on-screen location “fills” in black when the
key is pressed. For the [ENTER] knob and trackball, rotate them to show
their X-Y positions digitally, and push the [ENTER] knob to confirm its
function.
7. Press the [CLEAR] key three times on the display unit or remote controller to
escape from the test.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
7-11
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.9
GPS Status Display
The GPS status display provides data about the GPS satellites. It is available
with connection of the GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B or a GPS navigator
outputting the data sentence GSA or GSV.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and GPS SENSOR
SETTINGS soft keys to display the GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
3. Press the GPS STATUS soft key.
DOP value
23:59:59
Date
and
Time
APR 10 2001
WAAS satellite
(GPS-320B only)
1.2
ALT
1m
SAT
No. 30
23
12
21
W
29
12
26
27
23
20
01
30
29
28 E 17
26
05
05
01
20
27
17
21
30
S
28
123
N
W
DOP
GPS 3D
GPS position fix
GPS antenna height
SNR
40
50
RETURN
Receive signal level
Bars show satellite
signal levels. Satellites
whose signal level
extends past 40 are
used to fix position.
WAAS satellite
(in three digits, GPS-320B only)
Estimated position of satellite in the sky.
Satellites used for fixing position are circled.
GPS status display
4. Press the RETURN soft key to quit the GPS status display.
7-12
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.10
Clearing Memories
Your equipment has a memory for each of the plotter, radar and sounder
sections. These memories can be cleared to restart operation with default
settings.
The following data are not cleared: Radar; Heading adjustment, timing
adjustment, MBS level, tuning point, tuning indication (short, medium, long),
video level, dead sector, antenna height, STC curve, antenna type, on time, tx
time, Sounder; White marker, hue, signal level, TLL output, depth calibration,
range.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the MEMORY CLEAR soft key.
DISPLAY UNIT
NO
GPS SENSOR
NO
NETWORK SOUNDER NO
MEMORY
CLEAR
EDIT
RETURN
Memory clear menu
6. Use the trackball to choose the memory to clear.
7. Press the EDIT soft key.
8. Use the trackball to select YES, then press the ENTER soft key. One of the
following displays appears depending on the selection made at step 6.
ALL SETTNGS EXCEPT
SNDR ARE RESET TO
DEFAULT. ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
BEGIN COLD START
TO CLEAR GPS
MEMORY. ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
SOUNDER WILL BE SET TO DEFAULT. ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
Display Unit Clear GPS Receiver Clear Network Sounder Clear
Windows for clearing memory
9. Push the [ENTER] knob to clear the memory selected.
10. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
11. Turn the power off and on again.
Note: Though the message “SYSTEM HAS FAILED START UP TEST. PLEASE
CONTACT A LOCAL FURUNO REPRESENTATIVE FOR REPAIR. PUSH
ANY KEY TO CONTENUE” may appear when powering on the display
unit immediately after the clearing memories, there is no problem in fact.
Press any key to continue the operation.
7-13
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.11
Error Messages
In addition to alarm messages your equipment also displays error messages.
Error messages
Error Message
Meaning
Network sounder disconnected.
Connection with the ETR was
cut.
Radar disconnected.
Connection with the RADAR
was cut.
Remedy
• Check that display unit
where the sounder is
connected is turned on.
• Check network sounder’s
cabling.
• Check that display unit
where the radar is
connected is turned on.
• Check antenna cable.
Have a qualified technician
replace the battery.
Low Voltage! Internal Battery
Voltage of battery on circuit
board in display unit is low.
No bearing pulse detected.
No bearing pulse from radar
antenna.
Check antenna cable.
No GPS fix!
GPS navigator is turned off or
no GPS position data.
There may be obstacles
around GPS antenna.
No position data.
An error may occur on
GP-310B/320B.
No heading pulse detected.
HEADING DATA MISSING!
7-14
No heading pulse
Disconnect GPS cable from
the display unit, and then
contact your dealer.
Check heading sensor.
Check heading cable.
APPENDIX
Menu Overview
MENU key
Radar
RADAR
DISPLAY
SETUP
MENU Key
RADAR
RANGE
SETUP#
EBL REFERENCE (TRUE, RELATIVE)
CURSOR POSITION (LAT/LON, TD, RNG&BRG-REL, RNG&BRG-TRUE)
TUNING (AUTO, MAN)
TX SECTOR BLANKING (ON (FROM 000°, SECTOR 001°), OFF)
NOISE REJECTION (OFF, LOW, HIGH)
BACKGROUND COLOR (BLACK/GREEN, BLACK/RED, BLUE/WHITE,
DK BLUE/WHITE, WHITE/GREEN)
ECHO COLOR (YELLOW, GREEN, MULTI-COLOR)
2ND ECHO REJECTION (ON, OFF)
WATCHMAN TIME (5, 10, 20 minutes)
RANGE UNIT (nm, km, sm)
TRAIL MODE (TRUE, RELATIVE)
D. BOX soft key
(DATABOX SIZE SMALL/LARGE, POSITION, WAYPOINT, COG, SOG, STW,
BEARING, RANGE, TIME TO GO, ETA, TEMPERATURE, DEPTH, TRIP
LOG, DATE, TIME, WIND)
0.125/0.25/0.5/0.75/1/1.5/2/3/4/
6/8/12/16/24/36/48/64/72 (nm & sm)
0.25/0.5/0.75/1/1.5/2/3/4/6/8/12/16/24/36/48/64/72 (km)
# = Not used on GD-1900C.
ARP SETUP
(Requires ARP
circuit board in
network radar
1800/1900.)
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP*
1
Max. range
24 nm/sm, km = 1823C
36 nm/sm, km = 1833C
48 nm/sm, km = 1933C
64 nm/sm, km = 1943C
72 nm/sm, km = 1953C
ARP TARGET INFO (INTERNAL ARP, EXTERNAL ARP, OFF)
CANCEL ALL TARGETS (YES, NO)
APP VECTOR MODE (RELATIVE, TRUE)
ARP VECTOR TIME (30 seconds; 1, 3, 6, 15, 30 minutes)
HISTORY INTERVAL (OFF, 30 seconds; 1, 3, 6 minutes)
CPA (OFF, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 nm)
TCPA (30 seconds; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12 minutes)
AUTO ACQUISITION AREA (ON, OFF)
TARGET ID NUMBER (ON, OFF)
SOFT KEY 1 - SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, HDG LINE OFF, MODE, GAIN, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN, FTC
(Model 1700 series NavNet radar only), ECHO STRETCH, PULSE
LENGTH, ZOOM, OFFCENTER, ECHO TRAIL, RINGS ON/OFF, TLL
OUTPUT, GUARD ALARM, EBL, VRM, TTM ON/OFF, WPT ON/OFF,
WATCHMAN, ACQUISITION (ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series
NavNet radar only), STBY/TX, RADAR SOURCE, D. BOX ON/OFF,
CHANGE CNTRL)
* Default settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, HDG LINE OFF; SOFT KEY 2, RINGS ON/OFF; SOFT KEY 3, ECHO TRAIL;
SOFT KEY 4, OFFCENTER, SOFT KEY 5, STBY/TX
A-1
APPENDIX
1
SYSTEM
CONFIGURATION
GENERAL
SETUP
Page 1
Page 2
NAV
OPTION
KEY BEEP (ON, OFF)
LANGUAGE (ENGLISH, OTHERS)
RANGE UNIT
(nm, kt; km, km/h; sm, mph; nm&yd, kt; nm&m, kt; km&m, km/h; sm&yd, mph)
TEMPERATURE UNIT (°C, °F)
DEPTH UNIT (m, ft, fa, pb)
TEMPERATURE SOURCE (ETR, NMEA)
DEPTH SOURCE (ETR, NMEA)
RESET TRIP LOG (YES, NO)
SPEED SOURCE (ETA, NMEA)
LAT/LON DISPLAY
(DD° MM. MM'
DD° MM. MMM'
DD° MM. MMMM'
DD° MM" SS.S")
TD DISPLAY (LORAN C, DECCA)
SPEED (SOG, STW)
POSITION DISPLAY (LAT/LON, TD)
TIME DISPLAY (12 HOURS, 24 HOURS)
INFRARED REMOTE MODE (A, B, C, D)
RANGE & BEARING MODE
(GREAT CIRCLE, RHUMB LINE)
BEARING READOUT (TRUE, MAGNETIC)
MAGNETIC VARIATION (AUTO 07.0°W, MANUAL)
NAV
SOURCE
SETTINGS
POSITION SOURCE
(FURUNO BB GPS, GP, LC, ALL)
SPEED AVERAGING (0-9999 seconds, 60 seconds)
LOCAL TIME OFFSET (-13:30-+13:30 hr, 00:00)
TEMP CALIBRATION (-40°F - +40°F, 0°F)
DEPTH CALIBRATION (-15 - +90 ft, 0 ft)
GPS
SENSOR
SETTINGS
LOCAL TIME OFFSET (-13:30-+13:30, 00:00)
GEODETIC DATUM (WGS-84, OTHERS: See page A-10.)
POSITION SMOOTHING (0 - 999 seconds, 0 seconds)
SPD/CSE SMOOTHING (0 - 999 seconds, 5 seconds)
GPS SPEED AVERAGING (0 - 999 seconds, 60 seconds)
LATITUDE OFFSET (0.000 - 9.999'N(S), 0.000'N)
LONGITUDE OFFSET (0.000 - 9.999'W(E), 0.000'E)
DISABLE SATELLITE (Max. 3)
LATITUDE (45°35.000'N)
LONGITUDE (125°00.000'W)
ANTENNA HEIGHT (0 - 999 m, 5 m)
GPS FIX MODE (2D, 2D/3D)
COLD START (YES, NO)
WAAS MODE (On, Off)
GPS STATUS soft key
(Displays status of GPS satellites.)
WAAS SEARCH (Auto, Manual)
WAAS ALARM (On,. Off)
CORRECTION DATA SET (02)
WAAS SETUP soft key
(Only when GPS-320B is connected.)
TD SETUP
2
A-2
LORAN-C GRI (9940: 11-27 (US west coast))
CORRECTION 1 (-999.9-+999.9 µs, 000.0 µs)
CORRECTION 2 (-999.9-+999.9 µs, 000.0 µs)
DECCA CHAIN (01: R-G (S Baltic))
CORRECTION 1 (-99.99-+99.99 lane, 00.00 lane)
CORRECTION 2 (-99.99-+99.99 lane, 00.00 lane)
APPENDIX
2
PORT
SETUP
SYSTEM
SETUP
GPS/NMEA
FURUNO GPS SENSOR
PORT
(YES, NO)
OUTPUT FORMAT
(NMEA 0183 Ver.1.5, 2.0)
LAT/LON FORMAT
(DD° MM. MM'
DD° MM. MMM'
DD° MM. MMMM')
OUTPUT DESTINATION
(YES, NO)
SELECT SNTNC soft key*
NMEA PORT
FURUNO GPS SENSOR
(YES, NO)
OUTPUT FORMAT
(NMEA 0183 Ver.1.5, 2.0)
LAT/LON FORMAT
(DD° MM. MM'
DD° MM. MMM'
DD° MM. MMMM')
OUTPUT DESTINATION
(YES, NO)
SELECT SNTNC soft key*
PC/NMEA/
NMEA OUTPUT FORMAT
EXT. BUZZ
(NMEA 0183 Ver.1.5, 2.0)
PORT
BAUD RATE
(4800, 9600, 19200,
bps))
BIT LENGTH (7 bits, 8 bits)
STOP BIT (1 bit, 2 bits)
PARITY
4
3
(EVEN, ODD, NONE)
SELECT SNTNC soft key*
OUTPUT THROUGH NETWORK
(Select data sentences to output to NavNet
equipment. See * below. All sentences turned off in default setting.)
* = AAM, APB, BOD, BWR(BWC)#1, DPT(DBT)#2, GGA,GLL, GTD,
MTW, RMA, RMB, RMC, VHW, VTG, WPL, XTE, ZDA, HDT, HDG, MWV
#1= BWR for rhumb line, BWC for great circle
#2 = DBT for NMEA Ver. 1.5; DPT for NMEA Ver. 2.0
A-3
APPENDIX
4
3
TEST &
CLEAR
MEMORY
I/O TEST
DISPLAY UNIT TEST
GPS SENSOR TEST*
NETWORK SOUNDER TEST**
ARP TEST***
KEYBOARD & REMOTE TEST
TEST PATTERN
MEMORY
CLEAR
DISPLAY UNIT (YES, NO)
GPS SENSOR (YES, NO)*
NETWORK SOUNDER (YES, NO)**
HOT PAGE
& NAV DISP
SETUP
HOT PAGE SETUP (Configures HOT PAGE 1 to 6.)
SIMULATION
SETUP
RADAR (SIMULATION 1, SIMULATION 2, LIVE)
PLOTTER ((SIMULATION, LIVE)
SOUNDER (SIMULATION 1, SIMULATION 2, LIVE)
SPEED (0.0-99 kt, 0 kt)
COURSE (8 FIGURE, DIRECTION 0.0-359.9°, 000.0°)
LATITUDE (85°0.0’N-85°0.0’, 45°35.000’N)
LONGITUDE (180°0.0’E-180°0.0’W, 125°00.000’W)
START DATE & TIME (00:00 01 APR 00)
RADAR SIMULATION DATA (YES, NO)
NAV DATA DISPLAY SETUP (Configures nav data displays.)
* = Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B.
** = Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N.
*** = Requires ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series network radar.
DATA
TRANSFER
UPLOAD/
DOWNLOAD
DATA
DOWNLOAD WPT/ROUTE TO PC
(WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
MARKS & LINES)
UPLOAD WPT/ROUTE FROM PC
(WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
MARKS & LINES)
SAVE DATA TO MEMORY CARD
(TRACKS, MARKS & LINES,
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
SETTING DATA)
LOAD DATA IN MEMORY CARD
(TRACKS, MARKS & LINES,
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
SETTING DATA)
RECEIVE YEOMAN DATA (Receive Yeoman data.)
RECEIVE DATA
VIA NETWORK
A-4
HOST NAME (PLOT1)
MARKS & LINES (ON, OFF)
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES (ON, OFF)
SELECT BPS soft key
4800
9600
19200 (bps)
APPENDIX
Plotter
CHART SETUP
MENU Key
CHART OFFSET (offsets chart position.)
TRACKS
& MARKS
CONTROL
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP (ON, OFF)
OWN SHIP TRACK COLOR (RED, YELLOW, GREEN, LIGHT BLUE,
PURPLE, BLUE, WHITE)
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY (ON, OFF)
TARGET TRACK COLOR (RED, YELLOW, GREEN, LIGHT BLUE,
PURPLE, BLUE, WHITE)
INTERVAL (TIME, DISTANCE)
TIME INTERVAL (0 - 99m59s,10 seconds)
DISTANCE INTERVAL (0 - 99.99nm/km/sm, 0.1 nm)
MEMORY (TRACK & MARK) (0 - 8000 points, 2000 points)
TRACK soft key (RESUME, HALT)
ERASE T & M soft key
ERASE ALL TRACKS
ERASE TRACKS BY AREA
ERASE TRACKS BY COLOR
ERASE TARGET TRACKS
ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES
ERASE MARKS BY AREA
MARK SETUP soft key
MARKS/LINES COLOR (RED, YELLOW, GREEN, LIGHT BLUE,
PURPLE, BLUE, WHITE)
MARKS SHAPE ( ¡
)
✕
= Default setting
LINES STYLE ( ,
)
,
,
MARKS SIZE (LARGE, SMALL)
CHART
DETAILS
(FURUNO,
NavChartsTM)
1
2
LAT/LON GRID (RED, YELLOW, GREEN, LIGHT BLUE, PURPLE,
BLUE, WHITE, OFF)
TEXT INFORMATION (ON, OFF)
WAYPOINTS (LARGE, SMALL, OFF)
WAYPOINT NAMES (ON, OFF)
CHART BORDER LINES (ON, OFF)
LANDMASS (BRT, DIM, OFF, RED, YELLOW, GREEN,
LIGHT BLUE, PURPLE, BLUE, WHITE)
BACKGROUND (WHITE, BLACK)
NAVAIDS (ON, OFF)
LIGHT SECTOR INFO (ON, OFF)
OTHER SYMBOLS (OFF, RED, YELLOW, GREEN,
LIGHT BLUE, PURPLE, BLUE, WHITE)
MARKS SIZE (LARGE, SMALL)
CNTOUR LINE soft key
DEPTH < 10m (ON, OFF, RED)
DEPTH = 10m (ON, OFF, YELLOW)
DEPTH > 10m (ON, OFF, LIGHT BLUE)
DEPTH INFORMATION (ON, OFF, RED)
* Colors: RED, YELLOW, GREEN, LIGHT BLUE, PURPLE,
BLUE, WHITE
A-5
APPENDIX
1
2
CHART
DETAILS
(C-MAP
chart)
WAYPOINT (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
WAYPOINT NAME (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
LAT/LON GRID (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
CHART BORDER LINE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
BACKGROUND (WHITE, BLACK)
Page 1
PORTS & SERVICE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
ATTENTION AREA (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, PLOTTER CONTOUR, OFF)
NAV LANE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
LIGHT (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, PLOT/NO SECTOR, OFF)
BUOY & BEACON (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
SIGNAL (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
Page 2
CARTOGRAPHIC OBJECT (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
PLACE NAME (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
COMPASS (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
DEPTH INFO soft key
BATHYMETRIC LINE
(PLOTTER/OVERLAY,
PLOTTER, OFF)
SPOT SOUNDING
(PLOTTER/OVERLAY,
PLOTTER, OFF)
BOTTOM TYPE
(PLOTTER/OVERLAY,
PLOTTER, OFF
DEPTH AREA LIMIT (20, 164 ft)
BATHYMETRIC RANGE (0-33 ft)
TIDE & CURRENT (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
NATURAL FEATURE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
RIVER & LAKE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
CULTURAL FEATURE (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
LANDMARK (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
CHART GENERATION (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
NEW OBJECT (PLOTTER/OVERLAY, PLOTTER, OFF)
COMPLEX OBJECT ICON (SINGLE, MULTIPLE)
INFORMATION LEVEL (BASIC, DETAILED)
DEPTH INFO soft key (See left margin.)
PLOTTER
SETUP
3
A-6
WAYPOINT SWITCHING (PERPENDICULAR, ARRVL ALM CRCL, MANUAL)
COURSE VECTOR (VECTOR, LINE, OFF)
SET GOTO METHOD (1 POINT, 35 POINTS, 35PTS/PORT SVC)
QP (EXT WPT (RMB), INTERNAL)
D. BOX soft key (Same items as for D. BOX soft key on the RADAR
DISPLAY SETUP menu. See page A-1.)
APPENDIX
3
WAYPOINTS/
ROUTES
WAYPOINTS
LOCAL LIST
ALPHANUMERIC LIST
WAYPOINT BY CURSOR
WAYPOINT BY RNG & BRG
ROUTES
GOTO
NEW ROUTE
EDIT ROUTE
ERASE ROUTE
LOG
RESTART
STOP/RELEASE
RVRSE/FORWARD
SPEED (Speed for ETA, 0-99 kt, GPS or manual input)
COORD TYPE
Destination is
required.
CREATE
VOYAGEBASED
ROUTE
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP*
GOTO
NEW WPT
EDIT WPT
ERASE WPT
NEW WPT
NEW WPT
START POINT
NEW (BCKTRK TIME, BCKTRK DIST, MANUAL)
SELECT ROUTE
SOFT KEY 1 - SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, ADD NEW WPT, MOVE WPT, RULER, GOTO WPT, GOTO
ROUTE, EDIT MK/LINE, TRACK ON/OFF, TTM ON/OFF, DEL TGT TRK,
ALPHA LIST, LOCAL LIST, ROUTE LIST, D. BOX ON/OFF,
CHANGE CNTRL)
(Assigns function of each plotter function key.)
* Defaut settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, TRACK ON/OFF; SOFT KEY 2, EDIT MK/LINE:
SOFT KEY 3, RULER; SOFT KEY 4, ADD NEW WPT;
SOFT KEY 5, ALPHA LIST
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (Same items as on page A-2.)
A-7
APPENDIX
Sounder
MENU Key
SOUNDER
MENU
NOISE LIMITER (OFF, LOW, MEDIUM, HIGH)
CLUTTER (0-16, 05 AUTO)
WHITE MARKER (1-8 (8-color), 1-16 (16 color), OFF)
ZOOM MARKER (ON, OFF)
HUE (1-9, 1)
SIGNAL LEVEL (OFF, SL1-SL3, 8 color, monochrome, SL1-SL6, 16 color)
PICTURE ADVANCE (2/1, 1/1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, STOP)
TEMPERATURE GRAPH (ON, OFF)
PRR LEVEL (0-20, SPD SENSING PRR, 20)
D. BOX soft key (Same items as on plotter menu. See page A-2.)
SOUNDER
SYSTEM
SETUP
FISH ALARM LEVEL (HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW )
TRANSMISSION (OFF, ON)
TVG-HF (0 - 9, 0)
TVG-LF (0 - 9, 0)
ECHO OFFSET-HF (-50 - +50, 0)
ECHO OFFSET-LF (-50 - +50, 0)
BOTTOM LEVEL-HF (-100 - +100, 0)
BOTTOM LEVEL-LF (-100 - +100, 0)
KP PULSE (INTERNAL, EXTERNAL)
SMOOTHING (OFF, SM1, SM2, SM3, SM4)
TLL OUTPUT (ON, OFF)
STC-HF(0-10, 0)
STC-LF (0-10, 0)
FREQ. ADJ.-HF (-10.0-+10.0, 0)
FREQ. ADJ.-LF (-10.0-+10.0, 0)
TARGET ECHO (NORMAL, SURFACE)
SENSOR SETUP soft key
SPEED CALIBRATION (-50 - +50%, 0%)
TEMP. CALIBRATION (-40°F - +40°F, 0°F)
DEPTH CALIBRATION ( -15 - +90 ft, 0 ft)
ACSTC SPD CALIBRATION (-500 - +500m/s, 0 m/s)
SOUNDER
RANGE
SETUP
RANGE 1 - RANGE 8*
ZOOM RANGE (2-120 m, 10 m; 7-400 ft, 30 ft; 1-60 fa, 10 fa; 1-70 P/B, 10 P/B)
BOTTOM LOCK RANGE (3 m, 6 m; 10 ft, 20 ft; 2 fa, 3 fa: 3 fa; 2 P/B, 3 P/B: 3 P/B)
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP#
SOFT KEY 1- SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, AUTO MODE, GAIN HF, GAIN LF, SHIFT, NOISE LIMITER,
CLUTTER, WHITE MARKER, HUE, SIGNAL LEVEL, PICTURE ADV,
TEMP. GRAPH, TVG HF, TVG LF, OFFSET HF, OFFSET LF,
SMOOTHING, ZOOM RANGE, B/L RANGE, TLL OUTPUT, SNDR
SOURCE, D. BOX ON/OFF, CHANGE CNTRL)
(Assign function of echo sounder function key.)
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (Same items as on page A-2.)
* = Default sounder ranges
Range 1
Range 2
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5
Range 6
Range 7
Range 8
ETR-6/10N
ETR-30N
5m
10 m
20 m
40 m
80 m
150 m
300 m
1200 m
1500 m
15 ft
30 ft
60 ft
120 ft
200 ft
400 ft
1000 ft
4000 ft
4500 ft
3 fa
5 fa
10 fa
20 fa
40 fa
80 fa
150 fa
650 fa
900 fa
3 P/B
5 P/B
10 P/B
30 P/B
50 P/B
100 P/B
200 P/B 700 P/B 900 P/B
# Default settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, TLL OUTPUT; SOFT KEY 2, CLUTTER; SOFT KEY 3, SIGNAL LEVEL:
SOFT KEY 4, NOISE LIMITER, SOFT KEY 5, PICTURE ADV
A-8
APPENDIX
EXT VIDEO
MENU Key
CONFIGURATION
(Same items as on page A-2.)
ALARM key
Radar Alarms
ALARM key
SET GUARD 1 (ERASE GUARD 1)
SET GUARD 2 (ERASE GUARD 2)
Plotter Alarms
ALARM key
AUDIO ALARM (INT & EXT BUZZ, INTERNAL BUZZ, OFF)
ARRIVAL ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.010 nm(km/sm))
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.010 nm(km/sm))
PROXIMITY ALARM (ON, OFF)
XTE ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.050 nm(km/sm))
SPEED ALARM (WITHIN, UNDER/OVER, OFF)
TRIP ALARM (ON, OFF)
BOTTOM ALARM (ON, OFF)
TEMPERATURE ALARM (WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE, OFF)
NEXT INFO soft key (Shows which alarms have been violated.)
CLEAR ALARM soft key (Acknowledges violated alarm.)
Sounder Alarms
ALARM key
AUDIO ALARM (INT & EXT BUZZ, INTERNAL BUZZ, OFF)
BOTTOM ALARM (ON, OFF)
TEMPERATURE ALARM (WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE, OFF)
FISH ALARM (ON, OFF)
FISH ALARM (B/L) (ON, OFF)
NEXT INFO soft key (Shows which alarms have been violated.)
CLEAR ALARM soft key (Acknowledges violated alarm.)
A-9
APPENDIX
Geodetic Chart List
001: WGS84
002: WGS72
003: TOKYO : Mean Value (Japan, Korea, and Okinawa)
004: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Mean Value (CONUS)
005: EUROPEAN 1950 : Mean Value
006: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1984 : Australia and Tasmania Island
007: ADINDAN : Mean Value (Ethiopia and Sudan)
008: : Ethiopia
009: : Mall
010: : Senegal
011: : Sudan
012: AFG : Somalia
013: AIN EL ABD 1970 : Bahrain Island
014: ANNA 1 ASTRO 1965 : Cocos Island
015: ARC 1950 : Mean Value
016: : Botswana
017: : Lesotho
018: : Malawi
019: : Swaziland
020: : Zaire
021: : Zambia
022: : Zimbabwe
023: ARC 1960 : Mean Value (Kenya, Tanzania)
024: : Kenya
025: : Tanzania
026: ASCENSION ISLAND 1958 : Ascension Island
027: ASTRO BEACON "E" : Iwo Jima Island
028: ASTRO B4 SOR. ATOLL : Tem Island
029: ASTRO POS 71/4 : St. Helena Island
030: ASTRONOMIC STATION 1952 : Marcus Island
031: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1966 : Australia and Tasmania Island
032: BELLEVUE (IGN) : Efate and Erromango Islands
033: BERMUDA 1957 : Bermuda Islands
034: BOGOTA OBSERVATORY : Colombia
035: CAMPO INCHAUSPE : Argentina
036: CANTON ISLAND 1966 : Phoenix Islands
037: CAPE : South Africa
038: CAPE CANAVERAL : Mean Value (Florida and Bahama Islands)
039: CARTHAGE : Tunisia
040: CHATHAM 1971 : Chatham Island (New Zealand)
041: CHUA ASTRO : Paraguay
042: CORREGO ALEGRE : Brazil
043: DJAKARTA (BATAVIA) : Sumatra Island (Indonesia)
044: DOS 1968 : Gizo Island (New Georgia Island)
045: EASTER ISLAND 1967 : Easter Island
046: EUROPEAN 1950 (Cont'd) : Western Europe
047: : Cyprus
048: : Egypt
049: : England, Scotland, Channel, and Shetland Islands
050: : England,Ireland, Scotland, and Shetland Islands
051: : Greece
052: : Iran
053: : Italy Sardinia
054: : Italy Sicily
055: : Norway and Finland
056: : Portugal and Spain
057: EUROPEAN 1979 : Mean Value
058: GANDAJIKA BASE : Republic of Maldives
059: GEODETIC DATUM 1949 : New Zealand
060: GUAM 1963 : Guam Island
061: GUX 1 ASTRO : Guadalcanal Island
062: HJORSEY 1955 : Iceland
063: HONG KONG 1963 : Hong Kong
064: INDIAN : Thailand and Vietnam
065: : Bangladesh, India, and Nepal
066: IRELAND 1956 : Ireland
067: ISTS 073 ASTRO 1969 : Diego Garcia
068: JHONSTON ISLAND 1961 : Johnston Island
069: KANDAWALA : Sri Lanka
070: KERGUELEN ISLAND : Kerguelen Island
071: KERTAU 1948 : West Malaysia and Singapore
072: LA REUNION : Mascarene Island
073: L.C. 5 ASTRO : Cayman Brac Island
074: LIBERIA 1964 : Liberia
075: LUZON : Philippines (Excluding Mindanao Island)
076: : Mindanao Island
077: MAHE 1971 : Mahe Island
078: MARCO ASTRO : Salvage Islands
079: MASSAWA : Eritrea (Ethiopia)
080: MERCHICH : Morocco
081: MIDWAY ASTRO 1961 : Midway Island
082: MINNA : Nigeria
083: NAHRWAN : Masirah Island(Oman)
084: : United Arab Emirates
085: : Saudi Arabia
086: NAMIBIA : Namibia
A-10
087: MAPARIMA, BWI : Trinidad and Tobago
088: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Western United States
089: : Eastern United States
090: : Alaska
091: : Bahamas (Excluding San Salvador Island)
092: : Bahamas San Salvador Island
093: : Canada (Including Newfoundland Island)
094: : Alberta and British Columbia
095: : East Canada
096: : Manitoba and Ontario
097: : Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan
098: : Yukon
099: : Canal Zone
100: : Caribbean
101: : Central America
102: : Cuba
103: : Greenland
104: : Mexico
105: NORTH AMERICAN 1983 : Alaska
106: : Canada
107: : CONUS
108: : Mexico, Central America
109: OBSERVATORIO 1966 : Corvo and Flores Islands (Azores)
110: OLD EGYPTIAN 1930 : Egypt
111: OLD HAWAIIAN : Mean Value
112: : Hawaii
113: : Kaual
114: : Maui
115: : Oahu
116: OMAN : Oman
117: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN 1936 : Mean Value
118: : England
119: : England, Isle of Man, and Wales
120: : Scotland and Shetland Islands
121: : Wales
122: PICO DE LAS NIVIES : Canary Islands
123: PITCAIRN ASTRO 1967 : Pitcairn Island
124: PROVISIONAL SOUTH CHILEAN 1963 : South Chile (near 53° s)
125: PROVISIONAL SOUTH AMERICAN 1956 : Mean Value
126: : Bolivia
127: : Chile Northern Chie (near 19° s)
128: : Chile Southern Chile (near 43° s)
129: : Colombia
130: : Ecuador
131: : Guyana
132: : Peru
133: : Venezuela
134: PUERTO RICO : Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands
135: QATAR NATIONAL : Qatar
136: QORNOQ : South Greenland
137: ROME 1940 : Sardinia Islands
138: SANTNA BRAZ : Sao Maguel, Santa Maria Islands (Azores)
139: SANTO (DOS) : Espirito Santo Island
140: SAPPER HILL 1943 : East Falkland Island
141: SOUTH AMERICAN 1969 : Mean Value
142: : Argentina
143: : Bolivia
144: : Brazil
145: : Chile
146: : Colombia
147: : Ecuador
148: : Guyana
149: : Paraguay
150: : Peru
151: : Trinidad and Tobago
152: : Venezuela
153: SOUTH ASIA : Singapore
154: SOUTHEAST BASE : Porto Santo and Medeira Islands
155: SOUTHWEST BASE : Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge, and Terceira Islands
156: TIMBALAI 1948 : Brunel and East Malaysia (Sarawak and Sadah)
157: TOKYO : Japan
158: : Korea
159: : Okinawa
160: TRISTAN ASTRO 1968 : Tristan da Cunha
161: VITI LEVU 1916 : Viti Levu Island (Fiji Islands)
162: WAKE-ENIWETOK 1960 : Marshall Islands
163: ZANDERIJ : Suriname
164: BUKIT RIMPAH : Bangka and Belitung Islands (Indonesia)
165: CAMP AREA ASTRO : Camp Mcmurdo Area, Antarctica
166: G. SEGARA : Kalimantan Islands(Indonesia)
167: HERAT NORTH : Afghanistan
168: HU-TZU-SHAN : Taiwan
169: TANANARIVE OBSERVATORY 1925 : Madagascar
170: YACARE : Uruguay
171: RT-90 : Sweden
172 : Pulkovo 1942 : Russia
APPENDIX
World Time Chart
A-11
APPENDIX
Icons
Icon
Meaning
North marker. Points to North.
Correct chart and suitable scale - full chart reliability.
Chart overenlarged.
Chart card not inserted.
Wrong chart card inserted.
Chart scale too small.
Plotter, radar, sounder alarm setting violated.
Track is not being recorded or plotted.
Chart offset applied.
SA
VE
Voyage-based route currently being created.
Latitude and longitude position offset applied.
Voltage of battery on circuit board in display unit is low. Contact your dealer
about replacement.
SI
A-12
Simulation mode.
M
SPECIFICATIONS OF MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1800C/1900C SERIES
1
GENERAL
1.1 Indication System
PPI Daylight display, raster scan, color LCD
1.2 Range, Pulse length (PL) & Pulse Repetition Rate (PRR)
Range (nm)
Pulse length (µs)
PRR (Hz approx.)
0.125 to 1.5
0.08
2100
1.5 to 3
0.3
1200
3 to 72*
0.8
600
*Maximum Range: M1823C: 24nm, M1833C: 36nm, M1933C: 48nm, M1943C: 64nm,
M1953C: 72nm
1.3 Range Resolution
M1823C: 10 m, Others: 15 m
1.4 Bearing Resolution
M1823C: 5.5°, M1833C: 4.0°, M1933C: 2.4°, M1943C: 1.9°,
M1953C: 1.9° (XN12A), 1.2° (XN13A)
1.5 Minimum Range
M1823C: 27 m, Others: 42 m
1.6 Bearing Accuracy
±1°
1.7 Range Ring Accuracy
0.9 % of range or 8 m, whichever is the greater
2
ANTENNA UNIT
2.1
MODEL1823C:
2.1.1 Radiator
Micro-strip
2.1.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.1.3 Antenna Rotation
30/24 rpm nominal (for short/long range)
2.1.4 Radiator Length
45 cm
2.1.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 5.2°
2.1.6 Vertical Beamwidth
25°
2.1.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-19 dB or less (within ±20º of main-lobe)
-21 dB or less (±20º of main-lobe or more)
2.2
MODEL1833C:
2.2.1 Radiator
Printed waveguide array
2.2.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.2.3 Antenna Rotation
24 rpm nominal
2.2.4 Radiator Length
60 cm
2.2.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 3.9°
2.2.6 Vertical Beamwidth
20°
2.2.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-18 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-23 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
2.3
MODEL1933C:
SP - 1
E3503S02J-M
03/09/24
2.3.1 Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
2.3.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.3.3 Antenna Rotation
24 or 48 rpm nominal
High brilliance monitor: 24 rpm nominal only
2.3.4 Radiator Length
100 cm (XN10)
2.3.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 2.4°
2.3.6 Vertical Beamwidth
27°
2.3.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-20 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-28 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
2.4
MODEL1943C:
2.4.1 Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
2.4.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.4.3 Antenna Rotation
24 or 48 rpm nominal
High brilliance monitor: 24 rpm nominal only
2.4.4 Radiator Length
120 cm (XN12)
2.4.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 1.9°
2.4.6 Vertical Beamwidth
22°
2.4.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-24 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-30 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
2.5
MODEL1953C:
2.5.1 Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
2.5.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.5.3 Antenna Rotation
24 or 48 rpm nominal
2.5.4 Radiator Length
120 cm (XN12), 180 cm (XN13, 24rpm only)
2.5.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 1.9° (XN12), 1.2° (XN13)
2.5.6 Vertical Beamwidth
22°
2.5.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
XN12:
-24 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-30 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
XN13:
-24 dB or less (within ±10° of main-lobe)
-30 dB or less (±10° of main-lobe or more)
3
TRANSCEIVER MODULE
3.1
Frequency and Modulation 9410 MHz ±30MHz (X band), P0N
3.2
Peak Output Power
M1823C: 2.2 kW nominal,
M1833C/1933C: 4 kW nominal,
M1943C: 6 kW nominal, M1953C: 12 kW nominal
3.3
Modulator
FET Switching Method
3.4
Intermediate Frequency 60 MHz
SP - 2
E3503S02J-M
03/09/24
3.5
Tuning
Automatic or manual
3.6
Receiver Front End
MIC (Microwave IC)
3.7
Bandwidth
Tx pulselength 0.08 µs and 0.3 µs: 25 MHz
Tx pulselength 0.8 µs: 3 MHz
3.8
Duplexer
Circulator with diode limiter
3.9
Warming up
90 s approx.
4
DISPLAY UNIT
4.1
Display
10.4-inch rectangular TFT color LCD
640(H) x 480(V) dots, Effective radar display dia.: 152 mm
4.2
Range, Range Ring Interval (RI), Number of Rings
Range (nm) 0.125 0.25
RI (nm)
1.5 2 3 4
6
8 12 16 24 36 48 64 72
0.0625 0.125 0.125 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1
2
2
3
4
6 12 12 16 18
3
4
4
4
4
Rings
2
0.5 0.75
2
4
3
1
4
3
4 3 4
3
4
4
4
Maximum range: M1823C: 24nm, M1833C: 36nm, M1933C: 48nm, M1943C: 64nm, M1953C: 72nm
4.3
Markers
Heading Line, Bearing Scale, Range Rings,
Variable Range Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL),
Alarm Zone, Waypoint Mark (navigation input required)
4.4
Alphanumeric Indications Range, Range Ring Interval, Interference Rejection (IR),
Variable Range Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL),
Stand-by (ST-BY), Echo Averaging (EAV), TX Pulse width
Guard Alarm (G(IN), G(OUT)), Echo Stretch (ES),
Range and Bearing to Cursor or Cursor Position,
Echo Trailing (TRAIL), Trailing Time,
Data Box (Position, COG, SOG, STW etc. selectable on menu)
4.5
Input Data
IEC 61162-1 (NMEA 0183 Ver1.5/2.0)
Own ship’s position:
GGA>RMC>RMA>GLL
Ship’s speed:
RMC>RMA>VTG>VHW
Bearing (True):
HDT>HDG*1>HDM*1>VHW
Bearing (Magnetic):
HDM>HDG*1>HDT*1>VHW
Course:
RMC>RMA>VTG
Water depth:
DPT>DBT>DBS>DBK
Wind:
MWV>VWT>VWR
Water Temperature:
MTW
Time:
ZDA
*1
: calculated by magnetic deviation
4.6 Output Data
Alarm signal
12 VDC, 100 mA or less
SP - 3
E3503S02J-M
03/09/24
NMEA 0183 Ver1.5
GGA, GLL, RMA, RMC, GTD, VTG, ZDA (GPS data required)
RMB, WPL, BWC or BWR, APB, AAM, BOD, XTE, VHW, MTW,
DPT or DBT, DBS (ETR required),
TLL (L/L, Heading data required), TTM (ARPA required)
5
PLOTTER FUNCTION
5.1
Projection
Mercator
5.2
Usable Area
85 latitude or below
5.3
Effective Area
211.2 x 158.4 mm
5.4
Display pixels
640 x 480 dots
5.5
Position Indication
Latitude/longitude, Loran C LOP or DECCA LOP
5.6
Effective Projection Area 0.125 nm to 1,024 nm (at equatorial area)
5.7
Track Display
Plot interval: by time (1 sec. to 99 min. 59 sec.) or
by distance (0 to 99.9 nm)
5.8
Colors
Red, yellow, green purple, light-blue, blue, white
5.9
Memory Capacity
Track/mark: 8000 points, Waypoint: 999 points
5.10 Storage Capacity
Simple route: 200 routes with 35 waypoints each
5.11 MOB
1 point
5.12 Quick Routes
1 course with 35 waypoints max.
5.13 Electronic Chart
FURUNO chart card or NAVIONICS chart card available
C-MAP chart card also available for C-MAP NT Model
5.14 Alarms
Arrival and Anchor watch, Cross track error and proximity
alarms, Ship’s speed in and out alarms, Water temperature,
Trip alarm, Fish alarm, Bottom alarm (ETR required)
6
POWER SUPPLY
6.1
Rated Voltage/Current
M1823C
12-24 VDC: (5.5-2.7 A)
M1833C
12-24 VDC: 5.3-2.6 A (6.4-3.1 A)
M1933C (24rpm)
12-24 VDC: 5.9-2.8 A (7.0-3.3 A)
M1933C (48rpm)
12-24 VDC: 7.5-3.6 A
M1943C (24rpm)
12-24 VDC: 6.6-3.2 A (7.7-3.6 A)
M1943C (48rpm)
12-24 VDC: 8.1-3.8 A
M1953C (24rpm)
12-24 VDC: (8.9-4.4 A)
M1953C (48rpm)
12-24 VDC: (10.3-5.1 A)
( ): for high brilliance monitor
6.2
Rectifier (option)
100-115/220-230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
SP - 4
E3503S02J-M
03/09/24
7
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
7.1
Ambient Temperature
Antenna Unit: -25°C to +70°C
Display Unit: -15°C to +55°C
Remote Controller: +5°C to +45°C
Power Supply Unit: -15°C to +55°C
7.2
Relative Humidity
93 % or less at +40°C
7.3
Waterproofing
Antenna Unit: IPX6
Display Unit: IPX5 (External monitor connected: IPX0)
Remote Controller, Power Supply Unit: IPX0
7.4
Bearing Vibration
8
COATING COLOR
8.1
Display Unit
8.2
Antenna Unit
IEC 60945-4th
N3.0
M1823C/1833C
N9.5 (upper), 2.5PB3.5/10 (lower)
M1933C/1943C/1953C
N9.5
9
COMPASS SAFE DISTANCE
9.1
Display Unit
9.2
Antenna Unit
Standard: 0.60 m
Steering: 0.40 m
Standard: 0.90 m
Steering: 0.70 m
M1933C/1943C/1953C: Standard: 1.00 m
Steering: 0.75 m
M1823C/1833C:
SP - 5
E3503S02H-M
SPECIFICATIONS OF VIDEO PLOTTER GD-1900C
1
DISPLAY UNIT
1.1
Indication System
PPI Daylight display, raster scan, color LCD
1.2
Display
10.4-inch rectangular TFT color LCD, 640(H) x 480(V) dots
1.3 Input Data
IEC 61162-1 (NMEA 0183 Ver1.5/2.0)
Own ship’s position:
GGA>RMC>RMA>GLL
Ship’s speed:
RMC>RMA>VTG>VHW
Bearing (True):
HDT>HDG*1>HDM*1>VHW
Bearing (Magnetic):
HDM>HDG*1>HDT*1>VHW
Course:
RMC>RMA>VTG
Water depth:
DPT>DBT>DBS>DBK
Wind:
MWV>VWT>VWR
Water Temperature:
MTW
Time:
ZDA
*1
: calculated by magnetic deviation
1.4 Output Data
Alarm signal
12 VDC, 100 mA or less
NMEA 0183 Ver1.5
GGA, GLL, RMA, RMC, GTD, VTG, ZDA (GPS data required)
RMB, WPL, BWC or BWR, APB, AAM, BOD, XTE, VHW, MTW,
DPT or DBT, DBS (ETR required), TTM (ARPA required)
2
PLOTTER FUNCTION
2.1
Projection
Mercator
2.2
Usable Area
85 latitude or below
2.3
Effective Area
211.2 x 158.4 mm
2.4
Display pixels
640 x 480 dots
2.5
Position Indication
Latitude/longitude, Loran C LOP or DECCA LOP
2.6
Effective Projection Area 0.125 nm to 1,024 nm (at equatorial area)
2.7
Track Display
Plot interval: by time (1 sec. to 99 min. 59 sec.) or
by distance (0 to 99.9 nm)
2.8
Colors
Red, yellow, green purple, light-blue, blue, white
2.9
Memory Capacity
Track/mark: 8000 points, Waypoint: 999 points
2.10 Storage Capacity
Simple route: 200 routes with 35 waypoints each
2.11 MOB
1 point
2.12 Quick Routes
1 course with 35 waypoints max.
2.13 Electronic Chart
FURUNO chart card or NAVIONICS chart card available
C-MAP chart card also available for C-MAP NT Model
2.14 Alarms
Arrival and Anchor watch, Cross track error and proximity
SP - 6
E3503S02H-M
alarms, Ship’s speed in and out alarms, Water temperature,
Trip alarm, Fish alarm, Bottom alarm (ETR required)
3
POWER SUPPLY
3.1
Rated Voltage/Current
12-24 VDC: 2.1-1.1 A (3.1-1.6 A)
( ): for high brilliance monitor
3.2
Rectifier (option)
PR-62: 100/110/220/230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
4
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
4.1
Ambient Temperature
-15°C to +55°C
4.2
Relative Humidity
93 % or less at +40°C
4.3
Waterproofing
IPX5
4.4
Bearing Vibration
IEC 60945-4th
5
COATING COLOR
5.1
Display Unit
6
COMPASS SAFE DISTANCE
6.1
Display Unit
N3.0
Standard: 1.00 m
SP - 7
Steering: 0.80 m
E3503S02H-M
This page is intentionally left blank.
INDEX
A
A/C RAIN...................................................... 2-5
A/C SEA ....................................................... 2-4
ACQ soft key............................................... 2-35
ALARM key
plotter ..................................................... 3-52
radar ....................................................... 2-29
sounder .................................................. 4-20
Alarms
anchor watch .......................................... 3-54
arrival...................................................... 3-53
audio....................................................... 3-52
bottom .................................................... 4-21
CPA/TCPA .............................................. 2-42
fish.......................................................... 4-21
fish(B/L) .................................................. 4-22
guard ...................................................... 2-29
heading missing data ................................ 2-8
lost target................................................ 2-43
messages ............................................... 3-59
messages (plotter) .................................. 3-59
messages (sounder) ............................... 4-25
proximity ................................................. 3-56
speed...................................................... 3-55
trip .......................................................... 3-56
water temperature................................... 4-23
XTE (cross track error)............................ 3-55
Anchor watch alarm .................................... 3-54
Antenna height (GPS Receiver GP-310B) ... 5-24
ARP
acquisition of targets ............................... 2-36
activating ................................................ 2-35
ARP SETUP menu.................................. 2-35
CPA/TCPA alarm..................................... 2-42
data ........................................................ 2-41
deactivating............................................. 2-35
lost target alarm ...................................... 2-43
past position display................................ 2-40
test ........................................................... 7-9
tracking termination................................. 2-38
vector...................................................... 2-39
Arrival alarm ............................................... 3-53
A-scope display ............................................ 4-7
Audio alarm................................................ 3-52
Auto course-up mode ................................... 3-8
AUTO S.SPD soft key................................. 2-20
AUTO/D. BOX soft key ................................. 4-9
B
Battery replacement ..................................... 7-2
Bearing measurement by EBL .................... 2-14
Bearing reference......................................... 5-3
Bottom alarm.............................................. 4-21
Bottom discrimination display........................ 4-7
Bottom echo............................................... 4-26
Bottom-lock display ...................................... 4-6
Bottom-zoom display .................................... 4-5
Brilliance ...................................................... 1-7
C
CENTER soft key ....................................... 1-13
CHART DETAILS menu.............................. 5-13
CHART OFFSET soft key ........................... 5-12
Charts
C-MAP chart attributes ........................... 5-15
cursor and data display (C-MAP) ............ 3-14
data for aids to navigation....................... 3-12
FURUNO chart attributes........................ 5-14
icon data (C-MAP) .................................. 3-15
icons ...................................................... 3-10
indices.....................................................3-11
inserting ................................................... 1-5
TM
NavCharts chart attributes ................... 5-14
offsetting................................................. 5-12
port service icons.................................... 3-13
symbols for FURUNO, NavChartsTM ...... 3-12
tide information (C-MAP) ........................ 3-16
CLEAR ALARM soft key ............................. 4-24
Clutter rejector............................................ 4-14
C-MAP charts
attributes ................................................ 5-15
cursor and data display........................... 3-14
icon data................................................. 3-15
tide information....................................... 3-16
CNTOUR LINE soft key .............................. 5-14
Cold start (GPS Receiver GP-310B) ........... 5-24
Index-1
INDEX
Colors
radar display ............................................. 5-5
radar echoes............................................. 5-5
sounder echoes ...................................... 4-19
Compass display .......................................... 3-3
Controls
display unit................................................ 1-2
remote controller....................................... 1-4
Course-up mode
plotter ....................................................... 3-8
radar......................................................... 2-9
CPA/TCPA alarm......................................... 2-42
Cursor
display format ........................................... 5-4
shifting .................................................... 1-13
CURSOR soft key....................................... 2-18
D
Data boxes
erasing.................................................... 1-16
hiding...................................................... 1-15
rearranging ............................................. 1-16
setup ...................................................... 5-18
showing .................................................. 1-15
DEPTH INFO soft key................................. 5-17
Depth measurement ................................... 4-12
Depth source ................................................ 5-2
Depth unit ..................................................... 5-2
Diagnostics
ARP test ................................................... 7-9
display unit test ......................................... 7-8
GPS sensor test........................................ 7-8
keyboard test .......................................... 7-11
network sounder test................................. 7-9
test menu.................................................. 7-7
test pattern.............................................. 7-10
DISP key .................................................... 1-10
Display modes .............................................. 1-9
Display unit test ............................................ 7-8
DISPLY MODE soft key................................. 4-2
Downloading data ......................................... 6-5
Dual frequency display.................................. 4-4
E
E. AVG soft key........................................... 2-27
E. STR soft key........................................... 2-26
EBL reference............................................... 5-4
EBL soft key................................................ 2-14
EBL/VRM key .................. 2-13, 2-14, 2-21, 2-22
Index-2
Echo averaging ...........................................2-27
Echo offset (sounder) ..................................5-29
Echo stretch ................................................2-26
Echo trails
color........................................................2-25
mode.......................................................2-25
starting ....................................................2-24
time.........................................................2-23
EDIT XT-LMT soft key ........................... 3-4, 3-5
Error messages...........................................7-14
ETA calculation............................................3-50
F
Fish alarm
sensitivity ................................................5-28
setting .....................................................4-21
Fish alarm (B/L)
sensitivity ................................................5-28
setting .....................................................4-22
Fish school echo .........................................4-27
Fix mode (GPS Receiver GP-310B).............5-24
Formatting memory cards............................. 6-1
FREQ LF/HF soft key ................................... 4-3
Function keys
function execution ...................................1-17
setup (plotter) ..........................................5-10
setup (radar)............................................. 5-7
setup (sounder) .......................................5-32
Fuse replacement......................................... 7-2
G
GAIN key
radar ........................................................ 2-2
sounder .......................................... 4-10, 4-11
GENERAL SETUP menu.............................. 5-1
Geodetic datum (GPS Receiver GP-310B) ..5-22
Geodetic datum codes................................ A-10
GPS Receiver GP-310B setup.....................5-22
GPS sensor (GP-310B) test.......................... 7-8
GPS SETUP menu......................................5-22
GPS status display ......................................7-12
Guard alarm
cancelling ................................................2-30
setting .....................................................2-29
H
Heading line ................................................2-16
Head-up mode ............................................. 2-9
Highway display ........................................... 3-5
INDEX
HIWAY CNTRL soft key................................. 3-5
HL OFF soft key.......................................... 2-16
Hot page setup ........................................... 5-19
Hue
radar, plotter.............................................. 1-8
sounder .................................................. 4-19
I
I. REJ. soft key............................................ 2-17
Icons...........................................................A-12
Interference rejection
radar ....................................................... 2-17
sounder .................................................. 4-13
K
Keyboard test.............................................. 7-11
Keying pulse ............................................... 5-29
L
Language...................................................... 5-2
Latitude, longitude display............................. 5-2
Lines
entering .................................................. 3-25
erasing.................................................... 3-27
type ........................................................ 3-26
LOAD DATA menu ........................................ 6-4
Local time
GPS Receiver GP-310B.......................... 5-22
navigator (GPS, Loran C)........................ 5-21
Lost target alarm ......................................... 2-43
M
Magnetic variation......................................... 5-3
Maintenance
battery replacement .................................. 7-2
fuse replacement ...................................... 7-2
preventive ................................................. 7-1
trackball .................................................... 7-3
Marker-zoom display..................................... 4-5
Marks
color........................................................ 3-25
entering .................................................. 3-25
erasing all ............................................... 3-27
erasing individual .................................... 3-27
shape...................................................... 3-25
Memory
clearing................................................... 7-13
testing....................................................... 7-6
Memory cards
error messages ........................................ 6-3
formatting ................................................. 6-1
playing back ............................................. 6-4
saving data to........................................... 6-2
Memory I/O test............................................ 7-7
Menu tree..................................................... A-1
Messages
memory cards........................................... 6-3
plotter alarms.......................................... 3-59
sounder alarms....................................... 4-25
MOB mark.................................................. 1-14
Multiple echoes (radar) ............................... 2-46
N
Nav data display........................................... 3-6
NAV DATA menu ........................................ 5-27
Nav data source ......................................... 5-21
Nav data window .......................................... 3-2
NAV OPTION menu.................................... 5-21
Navigation
canceling route navigation ...................... 3-51
port, port services................................... 3-46
quick point .............................................. 3-44
restarting ................................................ 3-49
routes..................................................... 3-48
switching waypoints in a route ................ 3-50
waypoints ............................................... 3-45
Navigator setup ..................................5-21, 5-22
NavNet
image source.......................................... 1-12
receiving data from ................................... 6-9
Network sounder test.................................... 7-9
NEXT INFO soft key ...........................3-58, 4-24
Noise limiter (sounder)................................ 4-13
Noise rejection (radar) ................................ 2-16
North marker .............................................. 2-16
North-up mode
plotter....................................................... 3-7
radar ...................................................... 2-10
O
Offset EBL.................................................. 2-21
OFFSET soft key................................2-21, 2-22
P
Picture advance speed ............................... 4-17
PLOTTER SETUP menu .............................. 5-9
PLOTTR CNTRL soft key ............................1-11
Index-3
INDEX
Port, port services
icons....................................................... 3-13
navigating to ........................................... 3-46
Position offset (GPS Receiver GP-310B)..... 5-23
Position smoothing (GPS Receiver
GP-310B) ............................................... 5-23
POWER/BRILL key................................ 1-6, 1-7
Presentation mode
plotter ....................................................... 3-7
radar......................................................... 2-8
Proximity alarm ........................................... 3-56
Pulselength (radar) ....................................... 2-7
R
Racon......................................................... 2-50
RADAR SETTING menu ............................... 5-3
RADAR TX/ST-BY soft key............................ 2-2
Range
measurement by cursor (radar) ............... 2-12
measurement by range rings (radar) ....... 2-11
measurement by VRM (radar) ................. 2-13
plotter ....................................................... 3-9
radar......................................................... 2-6
setup (radar) ............................................. 5-6
setup (sounder)....................................... 5-31
unit of measurement ................................. 5-2
RANGE key
plotter ....................................................... 3-9
radar......................................................... 2-6
sounder .................................................. 4-10
Remote controller
control description..................................... 1-4
testing..................................................... 7-11
RESET XTE soft key.............................. 3-4, 3-5
RINGS soft key ........................................... 2-11
Routes
cancelling navigation of ........................... 3-51
connecting .............................................. 3-40
entering with cursor................................. 3-37
entering with existing waypoints .............. 3-36
erasing.................................................... 3-43
following ................................................. 3-48
inserting waypoint from plotter display..... 3-42
inserting waypoint from route list ............. 3-41
removing waypoint from .......................... 3-43
switching waypoints in route navigation ... 3-50
voyage based ......................................... 3-38
Index-4
S
SART ..........................................................2-48
Satellite disable (GPS Receiver GP-310B)...5-24
SAVE DATA menu ........................................ 6-1
SAVE/MOB key ...........................................1-14
Second-track echoes (radar) .......................2-32
Sensor setup ...............................................5-29
SENSOR SETUP menu...............................5-30
SENSOR SETUP soft key ...........................5-29
Shadow sectors...........................................2-47
Shift
automatic (radar) .....................................2-20
manual (radar).........................................2-19
sounder ...................................................4-11
SHIFT soft key.................................... 2-19, 4-11
Sidelobe echoes..........................................2-46
Signal level erasure (sounder) .....................4-15
SIM SETUP menu .......................................1-18
Simulation display .......................................1-18
Smoothing echoes (sounder).......................5-29
SNDR CNTRL soft key ................................1-11
Soft keys ...................................................... 1-3
Speed alarm................................................3-55
Speed averaging
GPS Receiver GP-310B) .........................5-23
navigator (GPS, Loran C) ........................5-21
Speed display............................................... 5-2
Speed/course smoothing (GPS Receiver
GP-310B)................................................5-23
SPLIT soft key.............................................. 4-8
System configuration........................................x
SYSTEM SETUP menu (sounder) ...............5-28
T
TARGET INFO soft key ...............................2-41
TARGET soft key.........................................2-23
TD display.................................................... 5-2
TD setup
Decca......................................................5-26
Loran C ...................................................5-25
TD SETUP menu.........................................5-25
Test menu .................................................... 7-7
Test pattern .................................................7-10
Time measurement (sounder)......................4-12
Time notation................................................ 5-2
TLL data output (radar)................................2-28
TLL OUTPUT key........................................2-28
INDEX
Track
displaying other targets'........................... 3-19
displaying own ship's............................... 3-18
erasing all own ship's .............................. 3-24
erasing all targets' ................................... 3-24
erasing own ship's by area ...................... 3-23
erasing own ship's by color ..................... 3-24
memory distribution setting...................... 3-22
plotting interval........................................ 3-21
plotting method ....................................... 3-21
plotting of own ship's ............................... 3-19
TRACK HALT soft key................................. 3-19
TRACK RESUME soft key .......................... 3-19
Trackball
cleaning .................................................... 7-3
operation................................................. 1-13
TRAIL COLOR soft key ............................... 2-25
TRAIL ON/OFF soft key .............................. 2-24
TRAIL soft key ............................................ 2-23
TRAIL TIME soft key ................................... 2-23
Trip alarm ................................................... 3-56
Trip distance resetting ................................. 3-60
Troubleshooting
general ..................................................... 7-4
plotter ....................................................... 7-5
radar ......................................................... 7-4
sounder .................................................... 7-6
True motion mode....................................... 2-10
Tuning .......................................................... 2-2
TVG............................................................ 5-29
Tx sector (radar) ........................................... 5-4
U
Uploading data.............................................. 6-5
V
Vector (ARP)............................................... 2-39
Virtual image............................................... 2-47
VRM (Variable Range Marker)
radar ....................................................... 2-13
sounder .................................................. 4-12
VRM soft key ..................................... 2-14, 2-15
W
WAAS ........................................................ 5-25
W. MAN soft key......................................... 2-31
Watchman .................................................. 2-31
Water temperature alarm ............................ 4-23
Water temperature graph............................ 4-25
Water temperature unit ................................. 5-2
Waypoint marker (radar)............................. 2-33
Waypoints
changing size ......................................... 3-34
color ....................................................... 3-29
editing from waypoint list......................... 3-31
editing waypoint position......................... 3-32
editing with cursor................................... 3-31
entering at own ship position................... 3-28
entering by range and bearing ................ 3-30
entering with cursor ................................ 3-28
erasing from the menu............................ 3-33
erasing from waypoint list ....................... 3-33
erasing with cursor ................................. 3-33
loading from Yeoman................................ 6-8
navigating to........................................... 3-45
searching ............................................... 3-35
shape ..................................................... 3-29
switching in route navigation................... 3-50
White marker.............................................. 4-16
World time chart .............................................11
WPT MK soft key........................................ 2-33
X
XTE (cross track error) alarm...................... 3-55
XTE monitor .......................................... 3-4, 3-5
Y
Yeoman........................................................ 6-8
Z
Zero line..................................................... 4-26
Zoom.......................................................... 2-18
ZOOM/D. BOX soft key .............................. 2-18
Index-5