Specifications | Furuno 1833 Marine RADAR User Manual

MARINE RADAR
MODEL1833/1933/1943
Your Local Agent/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, Japan
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Telefax :
0798-65-4200
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION : APR. 2001
E
PUB.No. OME-35020
( HIMA ) MODEL1833/1933/1943
: APR. 30,2002
*00080918601*
*00080918601*
*00080918601*
*OME35020E00*
*OME35020E00*
*OME35020E00*
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
CAUTION
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
No one navigation device should ever be
solely replied upon for the navigation of
a vessel.
Do not open the equipment.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
Always confirm position against all available
aids to navigation, for safety of vessel and
crew.
Turn off the radar power
switch before servicing the
antenna unit. Post a warning sign near the switch
indicating it should not be
turned on while the antenna
unit is being serviced.
A warning label is attached to the equipment. Do not remove the label. If the
label is missing or damaged, contact
a FURUNO agent or dealer about
replacement.
WARNING
Prevent the potential risk of
being struck by the rotating
antenna and exposure to
RF radiation hazard.
To avoid electrical shock, do not
remove cover. No user-serviceable
parts inside.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
Immediately turn off the power at the
switchboard if the equipment is emitting
smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock. Contact a FURUNO
agent for service.
Keep heater away from equipment.
A heater can melt the equipment's power
cord, which can cause fire or electrical
shock.
Use the proper fuse.
Fuse rating is shown on the power cable.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in damage
to the equipment.
i
Name: Warning Label (1)
Type: 86-003-1011-0
Code No.: 100-236-230
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD................................................................................................................ viii
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ........................................................................................ x
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW .................................................................................. 1-1
1.1
Operating Controls............................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1.1 Display unit controls................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.2 Remote controller ................................................................................................... 1-5
1.2 Inserting a Chart Card.......................................................................................................... 1-6
1.3 Turning the Unit On/Off........................................................................................................ 1-7
1.4 Display Brilliance, Panel Brilliance, Brilliance Boost, Economy Mode ................................ 1-8
1.4.1 Display brilliance, panel brilliance........................................................................... 1-8
1.4.2 Brilliance boost........................................................................................................ 1-9
1.4.3 Economy mode....................................................................................................... 1-9
1.5 Selecting a Display ............................................................................................................1-10
1.5.1 Display modes ...................................................................................................... 1-10
1.5.2 Selecting a display................................................................................................ 1-11
1.5.3 Switching control in combination screens ............................................................ 1-12
1.5.4 Selecting image source ........................................................................................ 1-13
1.6 Trackball, Cursor................................................................................................................ 1-14
1.7 Entering the MOB Mark, Setting MOB as Destination....................................................... 1-15
1.8 Data Boxes......................................................................................................................... 1-16
1.8.1 Showing, hiding data boxes with soft key............................................................. 1-16
1.8.2 Rearranging data boxes ....................................................................................... 1-16
1.8.3 Temporarily erasing a data box ............................................................................ 1-16
1.9 Function Keys .................................................................................................................... 1-17
1.9.1 Executing a function ............................................................................................. 1-17
1.10 Simulation Display .............................................................................................................1-18
2. RADAR OPERATION ............................................................................................. 2-1
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
Radar Display....................................................................................................................... 2-1
Transmitting, Stand-by ......................................................................................................... 2-2
Tuning .................................................................................................................................. 2-2
Adjusting the Gain................................................................................................................ 2-2
Reducing Sea Clutter........................................................................................................... 2-4
2.5.1 How the A/C SEA works ......................................................................................... 2-4
2.5.2 Adjusting the A/C SEA ............................................................................................ 2-4
Reducing Precipitation Clutter ............................................................................................. 2-5
2.6.1 Adjusting the A/C RAIN........................................................................................... 2-5
Range Scale......................................................................................................................... 2-6
Pulselength .......................................................................................................................... 2-7
Presentation Mode............................................................................................................... 2-8
2.9.1 Selecting a presentation mode ............................................................................... 2-8
2.9.2 Description of presentation modes ......................................................................... 2-9
ii
2.10 Measuring the Range......................................................................................................... 2-11
2.10.1 Measuring range by range rings ........................................................................... 2-11
2.10.2 Measuring range by cursor ...................................................................................2-12
2.10.3 Measuring range by VRM .....................................................................................2-13
2.10.4 Erasing a VRM, VRM indication............................................................................2-14
2.10.5 Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes ..............................................................................2-14
2.10.6 Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes.................................................................................2-14
2.10.7 Moving EBL/VRM data boxes ...............................................................................2-14
2.11 Measuring the Bearing.......................................................................................................2-15
2.11.1 Measuring bearing by cursor ................................................................................2-15
2.11.2 Measuring bearing by EBL....................................................................................2-15
2.11.3 Erasing an EBL, EBL indication ............................................................................2-16
2.11.4 Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes ..............................................................................2-16
2.11.5 Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes.................................................................................2-16
2.11.6 Moving EBL/VRM data boxes ...............................................................................2-16
2.12 Erasing the Heading Line, North Marker ...........................................................................2-16
2.13 Reducing Noise Interference .............................................................................................2-17
2.14 Rejecting Radar Interference.............................................................................................2-18
2.15 Zoom ..................................................................................................................................2-19
2.15.1 Zooming in on radar targets ..................................................................................2-19
2.15.2 Zooming in on ARP, TTM targets ..........................................................................2-19
2.16 Shifting the Picture.............................................................................................................2-20
2.16.1 Manual shift ...........................................................................................................2-20
2.16.2 Automatic shift.......................................................................................................2-21
2.17 Using the Offset EBL .........................................................................................................2-22
2.17.1 Predicting collision course.....................................................................................2-22
2.17.2 Measuring range & bearing between two targets .................................................2-23
2.18 Echo Trails .........................................................................................................................2-24
2.18.1 Trail time................................................................................................................2-24
2.18.2 Starting echo trails.................................................................................................2-25
2.18.3 Trail gradation .......................................................................................................2-25
2.18.4 Echo trail mode .....................................................................................................2-26
2.19 Echo Stretch.......................................................................................................................2-27
2.20 Echo Averaging ..................................................................................................................2-28
2.21 Outputting TLL Data...........................................................................................................2-29
2.22 Guard Alarm .......................................................................................................................2-30
2.22.1 Setting a guard alarm zone...................................................................................2-30
2.22.2 When the alarm is violated… ................................................................................2-31
2.22.3 Cancelling the guard alarm ...................................................................................2-31
2.23 Watchman ..........................................................................................................................2-32
2.23.1 How watchman works ...........................................................................................2-32
2.23.2 Turning on/off watchman.......................................................................................2-32
2.23.3 Setting watchman stand-by interval ......................................................................2-32
2.24 Suppressing Second-trace Echoes ...................................................................................2-33
2.25 Waypoint Marker ................................................................................................................2-34
2.26 ARP, TTM Operation ..........................................................................................................2-35
2.26.1 Activating/deactivating ARP, TTM .........................................................................2-36
2.26.2 Acquiring and tracking targets (ARP)....................................................................2-37
iii
2.26.3 Displaying target number (ARP, TTM) .................................................................. 2-38
2.26.4 Terminating tracking of ARP targets...................................................................... 2-39
2.26.5 Setting vector attributes (ARP) ............................................................................. 2-40
2.26.6 Displaying past position (ARP) ............................................................................. 2-41
2.26.7 ARP, TTM target data............................................................................................ 2-42
2.26.8 CPA/TCPA alarm (ARP) ........................................................................................ 2-43
2.26.9 Lost target alarm (ARP) ........................................................................................ 2-44
2.27 Interpreting the Radar Display ........................................................................................... 2-45
2.27.1 General.................................................................................................................. 2-45
2.27.2 False echoes ......................................................................................................... 2-47
2.27.3 SART (Search and Rescue Transponder) ............................................................ 2-49
2.27.4 Racon (Radar Beacon) ......................................................................................... 2-51
3. PLOTTER OPERATION ......................................................................................... 3-1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
Plotter Displays .................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1 Full-screen plotter display....................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.2 Compass display..................................................................................................... 3-3
3.1.3 Highway display...................................................................................................... 3-5
3.1.4 Nav data display ..................................................................................................... 3-6
Presentation Mode............................................................................................................... 3-7
3.2.1 North-up .................................................................................................................. 3-7
3.2.2 Course-up ............................................................................................................... 3-8
3.2.3 Auto course-up........................................................................................................ 3-8
Shifting the Display .............................................................................................................. 3-9
Chart Scale .......................................................................................................................... 3-9
Chart Cards........................................................................................................................ 3-10
3.5.1 Chart card overview.............................................................................................. 3-10
3.5.2 Indices and chart enlargement ............................................................................. 3-10
3.5.3 FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts ...................................................................... 3-11
3.5.4 C-MAP charts........................................................................................................ 3-14
Working with Track.............................................................................................................3-18
3.6.1 Displaying track .................................................................................................... 3-18
3.6.2 Stopping, restarting plotting of own ship track...................................................... 3-19
3.6.3 Track plotting method and interval for own ship track .......................................... 3-20
3.6.4 Changing own ship track/mark distribution setting............................................... 3-21
3.6.5 Erasing track ......................................................................................................... 3-22
Marks, Lines....................................................................................................................... 3-24
3.7.1 Entering a mark, line............................................................................................. 3-24
3.7.2 Changing mark attributes ..................................................................................... 3-24
3.7.3 Selecting line type................................................................................................. 3-25
3.7.4 Erasing marks, lines ............................................................................................. 3-26
Waypoints........................................................................................................................... 3-28
3.8.1 Entering waypoints ............................................................................................... 3-28
3.8.2 Editing waypoint data............................................................................................ 3-31
3.8.3 Erasing waypoints................................................................................................. 3-33
3.8.4 Changing waypoint mark size (FURUNO, NavCharts™)..................................... 3-34
3.8.5 Searching waypoints............................................................................................. 3-35
iv
3.9
Routes................................................................................................................................3-36
3.9.1 Creating routes .....................................................................................................3-36
3.9.2 Connecting routes.................................................................................................3-40
3.9.3 Inserting a waypoint in a route..............................................................................3-41
3.9.4 Removing waypoints from a route ........................................................................3-43
3.9.5 Erasing routes.......................................................................................................3-43
3.10 Navigation ..........................................................................................................................3-44
3.10.1 Navigating to a “quick point” .................................................................................3-44
3.10.2 Navigating to waypoints ........................................................................................3-45
3.10.3 Navigating to ports, port services (NavCharts™ only) .........................................3-46
3.10.4 Following a route...................................................................................................3-48
3.10.5 Cancelling route navigation...................................................................................3-51
3.11 Alarms ................................................................................................................................3-52
3.11.1 Audio alarm on/off .................................................................................................3-52
3.11.2 Arrival alarm ..........................................................................................................3-53
3.11.3 Anchor watch alarm ..............................................................................................3-54
3.11.4 XTE (Cross-Track Error) alarm .............................................................................3-55
3.11.5 Speed alarm ..........................................................................................................3-55
3.11.6 Proximity alarm......................................................................................................3-56
3.11.7 Trip alarm ..............................................................................................................3-57
3.11.8 Alarm information ..................................................................................................3-58
3.12 Resetting Trip Distance......................................................................................................3-60
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION............................................................................ 4-1
4.1
4.2
Principle of Operation .......................................................................................................... 4-1
Sounder Displays................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.2.1 Selecting a sounder display.................................................................................... 4-2
4.2.2 Description of sounder displays.............................................................................. 4-3
4.2.3 Selecting screen split method in combination displays .......................................... 4-7
4.3 Automatic Sounder Operation ............................................................................................. 4-8
4.3.1 How the automatic sounder works ......................................................................... 4-8
4.3.2 Types of automatic sounder modes........................................................................ 4-8
4.3.3 How to enable automatic sounder operation.......................................................... 4-8
4.4 Manual Sounder Operation.................................................................................................. 4-9
4.4.1 Selecting the manual mode .................................................................................... 4-9
4.4.2 Selecting display range........................................................................................... 4-9
4.4.3 Adjusting the gain ................................................................................................... 4-9
4.4.4 Shifting the range..................................................................................................4-10
4.5 Measuring Depth, Time...................................................................................................... 4-11
4.6 Reducing Interference........................................................................................................4-12
4.7 Reducing Low Level Noise ................................................................................................4-13
4.8 Erasing Weak Echoes........................................................................................................4-14
4.9 Picture Advance Speed......................................................................................................4-15
4.9.1 Advancement independent of ship’s speed..........................................................4-15
4.9.2 Advancement synchronized with ship’s speed.....................................................4-16
4.10 Alarms ................................................................................................................................4-17
4.10.1 Audio alarm on/off .................................................................................................4-17
4.10.2 Bottom alarm .........................................................................................................4-18
v
4.10.3 Fish alarm ..................................................................................................... 4-18
4.10.4 Fish alarm (B/L)............................................................................................. 4-19
4.10.5 Water temperature alarm............................................................................... 4-20
4.10.6 When an alarm setting is violated.................................................................. 4-21
4.11 Water Temperature Graph ....................................................................................... 4-22
4.12 Interpreting the Sounder Display ............................................................................. 4-23
4.12.1 Zero line........................................................................................................ 4-23
4.12.2 Bottom echo.................................................................................................. 4-23
4.12.3 Fish school echoes ....................................................................................... 4-24
4.12.4 Surface noise/Aeration .................................................................................. 4-24
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT .........................................................................5-1
5.1 General Setup ........................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Radar Setup .............................................................................................................. 5-3
5.2.1 Radar display setup ........................................................................................ 5-3
5.2.2 Radar range setup .......................................................................................... 5-5
5.2.3 Function key setup .......................................................................................... 5-6
5.3 Plotter Setup.............................................................................................................. 5-8
5.3.1 Navigation options........................................................................................... 5-8
5.3.2 Function key setup .......................................................................................... 5-9
5.4 Chart Setup ............................................................................................................. 5-11
5.4.1 Chart offset ................................................................................................... 5-11
5.4.2 FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes........................................................ 5-12
5.4.3 C-MAP chart attributes .................................................................................. 5-13
5.5 Data Boxes Setup.................................................................................................... 5-16
5.6 Hot Page Setup ....................................................................................................... 5-17
5.7 Navigator Setup....................................................................................................... 5-19
5.7.1 Navigation data source.................................................................................. 5-19
5.7.2 GPS receiver setup ....................................................................................... 5-20
5.7.3 TD display setup ........................................................................................... 5-24
5.8 Nav Data Display Setup........................................................................................... 5-26
5.9 Sounder Setup ........................................................................................................ 5-27
5.9.1 System setup ................................................................................................ 5-27
5.9.2 Sensor setup................................................................................................. 5-29
5.9.3 Sounding range, zoom range, bottom lock range .......................................... 5-30
5.9.4 Function key setup ........................................................................................ 5-31
6. DATA TRANSFER .........................................................................................6-1
6.1 Memory Card Operations .......................................................................................... 6-1
6.1.1 Formatting memory cards ............................................................................... 6-1
6.1.2 Saving data to a memory card......................................................................... 6-2
6.1.3 Playing back data from a memory card ........................................................... 6-4
6.2 Uploading, Downloading Data ................................................................................... 6-5
6.2.1 Setting communication software on the PC ..................................................... 6-5
6.2.2 Uploading or downloading data ....................................................................... 6-5
6.3 Loading Waypoint Data from Yeoman........................................................................ 6-8
6.4 Receiving Data Via Network Equipment .................................................................... 6-9
6.5 Outputting Data Through the Network...................................................................... 6-10
vi
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................................... 7-1
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
Preventive Maintenance ...................................................................................................... 7-1
Replacement of Battery ....................................................................................................... 7-1
Replacement of Fuse........................................................................................................... 7-2
Trackball Maintenance......................................................................................................... 7-2
Simple Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................... 7-3
7.5.1 General ................................................................................................................... 7-3
7.5.2 Radar ...................................................................................................................... 7-3
7.5.3 Plotter...................................................................................................................... 7-4
7.5.4 Sounder .................................................................................................................. 7-5
Diagnostics........................................................................................................................... 7-6
7.6.1 Memory I/O test ...................................................................................................... 7-6
7.6.2 Test pattern ............................................................................................................. 7-9
7.6.3 Keyboard, remote controller test ..........................................................................7-10
GPS Status Display............................................................................................................ 7-11
Clearing Memories.............................................................................................................7-12
Error Messages..................................................................................................................7-13
APPENDIX ..................................................................................................................A-1
Menu Overview .............................................................................................................................A-1
Geodetic Chart List .................................................................................................................... A-10
World Time Chart ........................................................................................................................A-11
Icons .......................................................................................................................................... A-12
INDEX................................................................................................................... Index-1
SPECIFICATIONS .....................................................................................................SP-1
Declaration of Conformity
vii
FOREWORD
A Word to the Owner of the Model 1833/1933/1943
Marine Radar
FURUNO Electric Company thanks you for purchasing the Model 1833/1933/1943 Marine
Radar. We are confident you will discover why the FURUNO name has become
synonymous with quality and reliability.
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
quality and reliability throughout the world. This dedication to excellence is furthered by our
extensive global network of agents and dealers.
Your equipment is designed and constructed to meet the rigorous demands of the marine
environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless properly
installed and maintained. Please carefully read and follow the operation and maintenance
procedures set forth in this manual.
We would appreciate feedback from you, the end-user, about whether we are achieving our
purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing FURUNO.
The example screens shown in this manual may not match the screens you see on your
display. The screen you see depends on your system configuration and equipment settings.
viii
Features
The Model 1833/1933/1943 Marine Radar series work within our new product-network
system called the “NavNet.” Each product has an IP address to communicate with NavNet
compatible products within the network, using TCP/IP protocol through an Ethernet
10BASE-T network.
The main features are as follows:
•
The 1833/1933/1943 series consists of the following models:
Model
Output
Range
Radar Antenna
1833
4 kW
36 nm
2 ft Radome
1933
4 kW
48 nm
3.5 ft Open
1943
6 kW
64 nm
4 ft Open
•
Bright 10” screen visible even under direct sunlight.
•
User-friendly operation with combination of discrete keys, soft keys, and trackball.
•
Accepts FURUNO and NavCharts™ (NAVIONICS) charts, or C-MAP charts, depending
on specification.
•
Fast chart redraw.
•
Built-in NavNet interface circuit board.
•
12-channel GPS Receiver GP-310B with highly accurate position fixing optionally
available, GP-320B with WAAS capability.
•
User programmable function keys.
•
Video sounder picture available with connection of the optional Network Sounder
ETR-6/10N.
ix
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
All NavNet products incorporate a “network circuit board” to integrate each NavNet product
on board through an optional LAN cable (Ethernet 10BASE-T). Each NavNet product is
assigned an IP address to enable transfer of images between other NavNet products. For
example, video plotter pictures can be transferred to a radar and vice versa. Pictures
received via the NavNet may be adjusted at the receiving end.
A NavNet system may consist of up to four NavNet display units and one network sounder.
For a system incorporating three or more products, a “hub” is required to process data.
NavNet system
Antenna Unit
(ex. MODEL 1833)
GPS Receiver
GP-310B/320B
Remote
Controller
RMC-100
GPS
Navigator
Display Unit
RDP-127
Heading
Sensor
PC, Navigator
External Buzzer
Other NavNet Unit
(GD-1900C, etc.)
: Option
: Supplied
Network
Sounder
ETR-6/10N
(option)
Rectifier
PR-62
RU-3423*
12-24 VDC
Ship’s Mains
100/110/220/230 VAC,
1f, 50/60 Hz
* = PR-62 for Model 1833,
RU-3423 for Model
1933/1943.
NavNet system
x
Two-unit NavNet system
GPS Receiver
GP-310B/320B
Antenna Unit
Radar data
Plotter data
Two-unit NavNet system
Three-or-more-unit NavNet system (Max. 4 NavNet capable display units)
GPS Receiver
GP-310B/320B
Antenna Unit
Radar data
Plotter data
HUB
Sounder data
Network
Transducer
ETR-6/10N
Note: The picture disappears
10 seconds after the NavNet
cable is disconnected from a
"sub" NavNet display unit.
Three-or-more-unit NavNet system
xi
WHAT IS WAAS?
WAAS, available in North America, is a provider in the worldwide SBAS (Satellite
Based Augmentation System) navigation system. SBAS provides GPS signal
corrections to SBAS users, for even better position accuracy, typically better
than three meters. Two more SBAS providers are also currently under
development, MSAS (Multi-Functional Satellite Augmentation System) for Japan
and EGNOS (Euro Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) for Europe. All
providers will be compatible with one another, thus providing “seamless” position
fixes to SBAS users. The illustration below shows the coverage area. (Accuracy
may be affected when using a GEO satellite not within your current location.)
150°W
120°W
90°W
60°W
30°W
0
30°E
60°E
90°E
120°E
150°E
60°N
60°N
EGNOS
40°N
MSAS
40°N
20°N
20°N
122
0
120
134
131
0
WAAS
20°S
20°S
40°S
40°S
60°S
60°S
150°W
120°W
Satellite, Region
120, AOR-E
122, AOR-W
131, IOR
134, POR
90°W
60°W
30°W
0
30°E
60°E
90°E
120°E
150°E
Initial operation time
Position
15.5°W
54°W
64.5°E
178°E
WAAS: 2003
EGNOS: 2004
MSAS: 2005
At the time of this software release, SBAS is still under development (Providers
are expected to have initial operations capability from the times shown above.)
During this developmental period, which may last for several years, there is no
guarantee of the accuracy, integrity, continuity, or availability of the SBAS signal.
Furuno will accept no responsibility for the use of the signal for other than the
above stated purpose. It is the user's responsibility to exercise common
prudence and navigational judgment while using the SBAS signal. Users are
reminded that the SBAS has not been commissioned for use in safety of life
applications (SOLAS) and must be turned to the "OFF" position on any SOLAS
vessels.
xii
1.
OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
This chapter provides basic information needed to get you started using your
radar, video plotter. The following topics are presented:
•
Control overview
•
Chart card insertion
•
Power on/off
•
Brilliance adjustments
•
Display selection
•
MOB (Man OverBoard) mark entry
•
Data boxes
•
Function keys
•
Simulation display
1-1
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1
Operating Controls
1.1.1
Display unit controls
Overview of display unit controls
The radar, video plotter, sounder and chart systems are operated with the
controls of the display unit (and the remote controller). Ten keys are labeled and
they provide the function shown on their labels. The five soft keys provide
various functions according to current operating mode. The [ENTER] knob
mainly functions to register selections on the menu and adjust the EBL, VRM
and gain. The trackball’s main function is to move the cursor across the screen.
When you correctly execute an operation, the unit generates a beep. Invalid
operation causes the unit to emit three beeps.
Selects displays mode.
Trackball
Selects menu items and options;
shifts cursor.
DISP
Momentary press:
Registers own ship’s
position as a waypoint.
Press three seconds:
Marks man overboard
position.
SAVE
MOB
Opens/closes the alarm menu.
Clears data; erases selected mark.
ALARM
MENU
Opens/closes the main menu.
Selects a range.
Soft keys
RANGE
EBL
VRM
Shows or hides the soft
keys, function keys,
nav data alternately.
CLEAR
HIDE
SHOW
GAIN
POWER
BRILL
ENTER knob
Push: Registers options on menus.
Rotate: Selects character; adjusts sensitivity
(sounder, radar); selects menu items and options.
Displays the soft keys for EBL/VRM.
Radar: Displays the soft keys for adjustment
of gain, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and FTC (Model 1700
series radar only).
Sounder: Adjusts gain.
Long press: Turns power off.
Momentary press: Turns power on. Opens the
display for adjustment of brilliance, etc; show
RADAR STBY/TX soft key.
Chart drive
Control panel
1-2
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Soft keys
The function of the five soft keys changes according to the operation. Their
labels for their current functions are shown on the screen to the left of the keys.
To hide or show the soft keys, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key. Each press of the
key shows preset soft keys, user function keys or turns off navigation information
(in case of plotter mode).
SOFT
KEYS
Display unit
Some soft keys show the current state of the soft key function in reverse video
as shown below.
.250/ SP.125nm
HU
319.9°M
TRAIL
TRAIL
ON/ OFF
TRAIL
TIME
GRAD
SINGLE
Current selection
shown in reverse
video
HIGH
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.270nm
Radar display
1-3
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
[ENTER] knob
The [ENTER] knob functions to
•
Register data
•
Enter alphanumeric data such as waypoint name
•
Select menu items and options
•
Adjust setting
For data input, clockwise rotation of the knob selects an alphabet, symbol or
numeric, in one of the sequences shown below. After you have selected desired
alphanumeric character push the [ENTER] knob to register your selection.
ENTER knob
ENTER knob
Alphabet, symbol, numeric
A'B'C'D'E'F'G'H'I'J'K'L'M'N'O'P'Q'R'S'T'U'V'W
'X'Y'Z'&'_'’ '#'0'1'2'3'4'5'6'7'8'9
Numerics
0'1'2'3'4'5'6'7'8'9
Trackball
The trackball’s main function is to shift the cursor. For details, see “paragraph
1.6.”
1-4
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1.2
Remote controller
SAVE
MOB
DISP
RANGE
ABC
1
DEF
2
GHI
3
JKL
4
MNO
5
PQR
6
STU
7
VWX
8
YZ&
9
’# 0
EBL/VRM
WPT
Operating distance
90°: Up to 5 m
±45°: Up to 3 m
Replace the batteries (AA) when the
distance from which the display
unit can be operated shortens.
Note: The remote controller may
become damaged if dropped.
Mishandling of the remote
controller is not covered by
the warranty.
GAIN
CENTER
MARK
ENT
CNTL
ENT
MENU
CLEAR
BRILL
SK1
TONE
SK2
TX/STBY
ACQ
ALARM
HIDE/SHOW
SK3
SK4
SK5
Remote controller
Key
RANGE
DISP
SAVE MOB
Ten keys
EBL/VRM
GAIN
WPT
MARK ENT
CENTER
CNTL
Function
Same as RANGE key on
display unit.
Same as DISP key on
display unit.
Same as SAVE/MOB key on
display unit.
Enter alphanumerics.
Same as EBL/VRM key on
display unit.
Same as GAIN key on
display unit.
Displays “alphabet” WPT list
on plotter display.
Same as MARK ENTRY soft
key.
Returns own ship to screen
center on plotter display.
Switches control between
displays on combination
displays.
Key
ENT
CLEAR
MENU
BRILL
TONE
TX/STBY
ACQ
ALARM
HIDE/SHOW
SK1 – SK5
(soft keys)
Function
Same as ENTER knob on
display unit.
Same as CLEAR key on
display unit.
Same as MENU key on
display unit.
Adjusts display brilliance.
Not used.
Toggles radar between
standby and transmit.
Acquires radar target.
(ARP-equipped set only).
Same as ALARM key on the
display unit.
Same as HIDE/SHOW key
on display unit.
Same as soft keys on display
unit.
.
1-5
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.2
Inserting a Chart Card
Your unit reads FURUNO and NavCharts™ (NAVIONICS) chart cards, or
C-MAP chart cards, depending on the type of display unit you have. Insert the
appropriate chart card for your area as follows:
1. Open the chart card drive.
Chart drive
Display unit
2. Insert desired chart card groove side up.
3. Close the lid to protect the chart drive.
Note 1: Do not remove a card while the chart is being drawn. This may cause
the equipment to freeze.
Note 2: Do not insert or remove a card while the power is on. This may cause
the equipment to freeze.
Note 3: For multiple display units, do not use the same chart card type in more
than one display unit.
Note 4: A card remover is supplied to ease removal of chart cards. Attach the
card remover to the right-hand side hole of the card and pull it to remove
the card. You can leave the remover attached to the card while the card
is in the chart drive. Push the remover leftward until it contacts the
recessed area on the card.
Chart card and card remover
1-6
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.3
Turning the Unit On/Off
Press the [POWER/BRILL] key to turn the unit on. A beep sounds and the
equipment proceeds in the sequence shown below, displaying the product
information screen, startup test results and the chart usage disclaimer. The
startup test checks the ROM, RAM, internal battery and backup data for proper
operation, displaying the results for each as OK or NG (No Good). If NG appears
an appropriate message appears on the screen. For any NG, try to press any
key to go to the chart disclaimer screen, then perform the diagnostic test
referring to the paragraph “7.5 Diagnostics.”
Chart List
Host Name
** = Program version no. for
FURUNO/NAVIONICS.
03591740XX for C-MAP.
XX = program version no.
RADAR PLOTTER
STATION NAME:
RADAR
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
CHARTS AVAILABLE
STARTUP TEST
è
ROM
RAM
BACKUP DATA
INTERNAL BATTERY
LICENSE NO.
Product information
OK
OK
OK
OK
è
NO NATIONAL HYDROGRAPHIC
OFFICE HAS VERIFIED THE
INFORMATION IN THIS
COASTLINE DATA CARD AND NONE
ACCEPT LIABILITY FOR THE
ACCURACY OF REPRODUCTION OR
ANY MODIFICATIONS MADE
THEREAFTER. THIS PRODUCT WITH
THIS COASTLINE DATA CARD
DOES NOT REPLACE THE
REQUIREMENT TO USE THE
APPROPRIATE PRODUCTS FOR
NAVIGATION ACCORDING TO
NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL
REGULATIONS.
PROGRAM No. 03591750XX**
Startup test
Chart disclaimer
Startup sequence
The magnetron takes from one minute to two minutes and thirty seconds
(depending on radar model) to warm up before the radar can be operated. The
time remaining for warm up of the magnetron is counted down at the center of
the display.
You may press any key at the chart disclaimer screen to show the last-used
display, or wait several seconds to let the equipment do it for you.
To turn the unit off, press and hold down the [POWER/BRILL] key until the
screen goes dark (approx. 3 sec.). To protect the LCD attach the hard cover.
Note that the network sounder will be turned off approx. three minutes after
turning off the power.
Note: The first time you turn on the power (or any time the power is applied after
a memory reset), you are asked if you want to start the simulation mode,
which provides simulated operation of the equipment. Push the [ENTER]
knob to start the simulation mode, or press the [CLEAR] key to start
normal operation. For further details about the simulation mode, see the
paragraph “1.10 Simulation Display.”
1-7
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.4
Display Brilliance, Panel Brilliance, Brilliance
Boost, Economy Mode
1.4.1
Display brilliance, panel brilliance
1. Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily. A set of soft keys for adjustment
of brilliance appear.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
BRILL
CONTST
DISPLY
BRILL
Current selection is highlighted.
Note: This equipment does not
have a contrast control.
PANEL
BRILL
BRILL
BOOST
RADAR
TX
DISPLAY BRILLIANCE
12
PUSH CLEAR KEY TO START
ECONOMY MODE WHILE
RADAR IS IN STANDBY.
RETURN
+
359.9°R
0.240nm
Brilliance adjustment soft keys
2. Press the DISPLY BRILL or PANEL BRILL soft key as appropriate. An
adjustment window appears at the bottom of the screen. This window shows
the name of the item selected for adjustment plus current brilliance level, by
bar graph.
DISPLAY BRILLIANCE
13
PANEL BRILLIANCE
7
PUSH CLEAR KEY TO START
ECONOMY MODE WHILE
RADAR IS IN STANDBY.
Display brilliance
Panel brilliance
Display brilliance and panel brilliance windows
3. Adjust the [ENTER] knob, clockwise to raise the setting or counterclockwise
to decrease it. You may also use the soft key pressed at step 2. Fifteen levels
of display brilliance and eight levels of panel brilliance are available.
4. Hit the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: If the equipment is turned off with minimum brilliance, press the [POWER
BRILL] key consecutively to adjust the brilliance.
1-8
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.4.2
Brilliance boost
The brilliance boost feature provides increased brilliance for 5 minutes (default
setting), after which the previous brilliance level is restored. You can set the
amount of time among 3, 5, 10 and 15 minutes, on page 2 of the GENERAL
SETUP menu. For further details see “Video Boost Time” on page 5-3.
1. Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily.
2. Press the BRILL BOOST soft key.
3. Hit the RETURN soft key to finish.
To cancel the brilliance boost feature, press the DISPLAY BRILL soft key to
adjust brilliance.
1.4.3
Economy mode
The economy mode shuts off the power to the CRT, which helps extend the life
of the CRT. To turn on the economy mode, press the [POWER/BRILL] key
momentarily (in the STBY mode for radar) to show the brilliance adjustment soft
keys, then press the [CLEAR] key. To escape from the economy mode, press
any key.
1-9
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5
Selecting a Display
1.5.1
Display modes
If you have a radar, navigator and network sounder, four full-screen displays are
available: radar, plotter, echo sounder, and navigation data. In addition to the
full-screen display, you can divide the screen into halves to show two sets of
images on a combination display.
Full screen
(Ex. radar)
Combination screen
(Ex. plotter + sounder)
Display screens
The table below shows the displays available with each screen type.
Screen type and available display screen
Full screen
Plotter, radar, sounder,
nav data
1-10
Combination screen options
Plotter, radar, sounder, compass,
highway, compass/highway, nav data
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.2
Selecting a display
1. Press the [DISP] key to show the display selection window. The icons of
modes not available are marked with an “X.” PAGE1-PAGE5 are
user-arrangeable displays called “hot pages,” which can you configure as you
like. For further details, see the paragraph “5.6 Hot Page Setup.”
RADAR
PLOT
SNDR
Basic display
screens
NAV
Hot pages
PAGE1
PAGE2
PAGE3
PAGE4
PAGE5
· TURN KNOB TO SELECT MODE
AND PUSH KNOB TO ENTER.
· PUSH ANY SOFT KEY TO
SELECT IMAGE SOURCE.
Display screen selection window
2. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select a basic display screen or a hot page
screen.
3. If you selected a basic display screen, a group of appropriate combination
displays appear. Below are the combination screens available with the radar
display.
PUSH ENTER KNOB.
Radar combination screen selection window.
4. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select display desired.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to finish.
1-11
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.3
Switching control in combination screens
A soft key is provided in relevant combination screens to switch control between
displays. In the example below, the RADAR CNTRL and PLOTTR CNTRL soft
keys enable switching control between the radar and plotter screens in the
plotter/radar combination display.
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°
19.9 kt
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
TRIP NU
99.9 nm
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
CNTL
RADAR
RADAR
CNTRL
MARK
ENTRY
To adjust
plot
MODE
NTH UP
WP-002
FISH
NAV
FUNC
H-UP
TRIP NU
99.9 nm
16.0 nm
16.0 nm
WP-002
359.9°
19.9 kt
12/ 3nm
SP
H-UP
TARGET
FISH
NAV
POS
12/ 3nm
SP
PLOTTR
CCNTRL
RADAR
CNTL
ST-BY
359.9°R
+
11.70nm
+
Radar display selected
To adjust
radar
PLOTTR
CCNTL
ST-BY
359.9°R
+
11.70nm
+
Plotter display selected
How to switch control between modes in the plotter/radar combination display
1-12
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.5.4
Selecting image source
When more than one network radar or network sounder is connected to the
equipment, you may select an image source for each as shown below. This is
not necessary when only one network radar or network sounder is connected.
1. Press the [DISP] key.
2. Press any soft key to show the following display.
▲
SELECT
SOURCE
RADAR SOURCE
RADAR - - SOUNDER SOURCE
SOUNDER IP APPRESS
172. 031. 003. 002
EDIT
HOST NAME
RADAR - - -
IF THERE IS MORE THAN
ONE NETWORK RADAR OR
ECHO SOUNDER, YOU MAY
SELECT THE IMAGE
SOURCES FOR DISPLAY.
RETURN
Select source menu
3. Use the trackball to select RADAR SOURCE or SOUNDER SOURCE as
appropriate, then press the EDIT key.
RADAR SOURCE
RADAR - - Radar source
SOUNDER SOURCE
SOUNDER-
Sounder source
Radar source and sounder source windows
4. Adjust the trackball to select location and rotate the [ENTER] knob to set
character.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to set.
6. Press the [DISP] key to finish.
7. Turn the power off and on again.
Note: Source names are determined at installation. For example, the source
names for radars in a two radar system might be “RADAR” and
“RADAR1”.
1-13
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.6
Trackball, Cursor
The trackball functions to shift the cursor, for measurement of range and bearing
to a location. Roll the trackball to shift the cursor. The cursor moves in the
direction of trackball rotation. Check the range and bearing indication at the
bottom right-hand corner to see range and bearing from own ship to the cursor
position.
Target
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
Cursor
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
ZOOM &
D. BOX
5.3°R
0.275nm
+
Bearing and
range from own
ship to cursor
position
Cursor, cursor data
1-14
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.7
Entering the MOB Mark, Setting MOB as
Destination
The MOB (Man Overboard) mark functions to mark man overboard position. You
can inscribe this mark from any mode, except while playing back data or
conducting any test. Note that this function requires position data.
MOB
mark
M
(MOB)
Range, bearing
Man
overboad
Current
position
M 162.5°M
O
B 0.49 nm
MOB Data Box
Bearing and range
to MOB position
MOB concept
1. Press and hold down the [SAVE/MOB] key for about three seconds when
someone falls overboard. The display shows the waypoint number being
saved (youngest empty waypoint number, 001-999) followed by the MOB
confirmation window.
WAYPOINT SAVED!
XXX = Waypoint number
XXXWPT
CONTINUE PUSHING
FOR MOB!
After
several
seconds
MAN OVER BOARD!
GO TO MOB?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
MOB mark messages
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to select the MOB position as destination, or press
the [CLEAR] key to only mark current ship’s position as a waypoint. If you
select the MOB position as destination;
• A full-screen radar or plotter screen appears depending on the display in
use.
• The MOB mark “MOB” appears at the MOB position and a line runs
between it and current position. This line shows the shortest course to the
MOB position.
• Range and bearing to the MOB position are shown in the MOB data box.
To erase an MOB mark from the plotter display, you must first erase its
corresponding waypoint. Place the cursor on the MOB mark, then press the
[CLEAR] key followed by pushing the [ENTER] knob to erase the waypoint. Then,
repeat to erase the MOB mark.
1-15
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.8
Data Boxes
Data boxes, providing navigation data, may be shown on any full-screen display.
Up to six data boxes (two in case of large characters) may be shown, and the
default data boxes are position (in latitude and longitude), course over ground,
speed over ground and trip log. The user may choose which data to display,
where to locate it, and show or hide it as desired. In addition, data boxes may be
set independently for each display mode (plotter, radar, sounder). For how to
select data for the data boxes, see the paragraph “5.5 Data Boxes Setup.”
319.9°M
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
EBL
VRM
SIGNAL
PROC.
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
ZOOM &
D. BOX
TRIP LOG
Data
boxes
177nm
POSITION
47°58.535'N
122°36.496'W
COG
323.6°M
SOG
20.0 kt
359.9°R
+ 0.288nm
Radar display, showing data boxes
1.8.1
Showing, hiding data boxes with soft key
Plotter: D. BOX ON/OFF
Radar: ZOOM & D. BOX → D. BOX ON/OFF (EBL/VRM data box, cursor data
box also shown/hidden)
Sounder: AUTO/D. BOX→D. BOX ON/OFF
1.8.2
Rearranging data boxes
You may select the location for data boxes as follows:
1. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move. As
the cursor enters the box it changes to a hand. Push the [ENTER] knob, and
the hand changes to a fist, meaning the box is correctly selected.
2. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
1.8.3
Temporarily erasing a data box
If a data box is obscuring a desired object you may temporarily erase the box.
Use the trackball to place the cursor inside the data box you wish to erase, then
press the [CLEAR] key. To redisplay the box, press the D. BOX soft key twice to
display it.
1-16
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.9
Function Keys
The function keys provide for one-touch execution of a desired function. The
default function key settings for each display are as shown in the table below.
Function
Key
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
1.9.1
Default Setting, Key Label
Radar
Plotter
Echosounder
Heading line on/off, HL Track on/off, TRK
TLL output, TLL
Rings on/off, RNG
Edit mark/line, EML
Clutter, CLT
Echo trail, TRL
Ruler, RUL
Signal level, SLV
Offcenter, SFT
Add new waypoint,
Noise limiter, NL
ADD
Radar source, RSR
Waypoint
Picture advance, PA
alphanumeric list, ALP
Executing a function
1. Press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to replace the preset soft key labels with the
function key labels.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
TARGET
H
L
R
N
G
T
R
L
Function
keys
S
F
T
R
S
R
+
359.9°R
0.327nm
Function keys
2. Press function key desired.
Note: Function keys can be individually programmed for the plotter, radar and
sounder displays. For further details see the following:
Radar: paragraph 5.2.3
Plotter: paragraph 5.3.2
Sounder: paragraph 5.9.4
1-17
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.10
Simulation Display
The simulation display, for use by service technicians for demonstration
purposes, provides simulated operation to help acquaint you with the many
features your unit has to offer. It allows you to view and control a simulated
plotter, radar and sounder picture, without position-fixing equipment, network
radar or a network sounder. Most controls are operative, thus you may practice
measuring the range and bearing to a target, etc.
S
The simulation icon ( I M ) appears when a simulation mode is active.
To start the simulation display;
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP and SIMULATION
SETUP soft keys in that order.
RADAR
LIVE
PLOTTER
LIVE
SOUNDER
LIVE
SPEED
00.0kt
COURSE
000.0°
LATITUDE
45°35.000’N
LONGITUDE
125°00.000’W
START DATE & TIME
00:00 01.APR.00
RADAR SIMULATION DATA
NO
SIM
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
Simulation setup menu
3. Follow one of the procedures on the next several pages.
Radar
NavNet display unit-generated echoes
1. Select RADAR, then press the EDIT soft key.
RADAR
▲
¡ SIMULATION 1
¡ SIMULATION 2
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION 1, then push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
1-18
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
NavNet radar antenna-generated echoes
1. Select RADAR SIMULATION DATA, then press the EDIT soft key.
2. Select YES, then push the [ENTER] knob to erase simulation data and get
new data. The message “Now getting demo data. Do not turn off display
unit.” appears while the unit is receiving radar data.
Note: If the network radar could not be found “Radar source is not found.
Cannot get demo data.” appears. And if the radar is not active, the
message “Radar is not active. Cannot get demo data.” is displayed.
Check that the radar is plugged in and that its signal cable is firmly
fastened.
3. Select RADAR, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Select SIMULATION 2, then push the [ENTER] knob.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Plotter
1. Select PLOTTER, then press the EDIT soft key.
PLOTTER
▲
¡ SIMULATION
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION, then push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Select SPEED, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Enter speed (setting range, 0-99 kt, default speed, 0 kt) with the
alphanumeric keys, then push the [ENTER] knob.
5. Select COURSE, then press the EDIT key.
6. Select “8 FIGURE” to trace the simulated ship’s track in a figure-eight course,
or enter your own course at DIRECTION. To enter course, use the trackball
to select location, then rotate the [ENTER] knob to select numeric.
7. Press the ENTER soft key.
8. Select LATITUDE, then press the EDIT soft key.
9. Enter latitude (setting range, 85°N-85°S, default setting, 45°35.000’N), then
push the [ENTER] knob.
10. Select LONGITUDE, then press the EDIT soft key.
11. Enter longitude (setting range, 180°E-180°W, default setting, 125°00.000’W),
then push the [ENTER] knob.
12. Select START DATE & TIME, then press the EDIT soft key.
13. Enter start date and time, then, push the [ENTER] knob.
14. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
1-19
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Sounder
1. Select SOUNDER, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOUNDER
▲
¡ SIMULATION 1
¡ SIMULATION 2
¤ LIVE
▼
2. Select SIMULATION 1 (internally generated echoes) or SIMULATION 2
(network sounder-generated echoes), then push the [ENTER] knob.
Note 1: If the network sounder could not be found “Sounder source is not
found. Cannot get simulation data.” appears. And if the sounder is
not active, the message “Sounder is not active. Cannot get
simulation data.” is displayed. Check that the sounder is plugged in
and its signal cable is firmly fastened.
Note 2: The gain, shift, range and mode of the SIMULATION 1 mode picture
cannot be adjusted.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
1-20
2.
RADAR OPERATION
This chapter covers radar operation, including the ARP (Auto Plotter) function.
ARP requires a Model 1800/1900 series network radar equipped with the ARP
circuit board.
2.1
Radar Display
Cursor
North marker
(Head-up, course-up mode)
Heading
M: Magnetic
T: True
Heading line
Pulselength
Range/
range ring
interval
Presentation
mode
.250/SP.125nm
319.9°M
TRAIL 30m
02m30s
G1 IN
G2 OUT
ES L
EAV L
IR L
H-UP
Alarm icon
Battery icon
Simulation
mode
icon
SI
Trail time
Trail elapsed time
Guard zone 1
Guard zone 2
Echo stretch
Echo averaging
Interference rejector
Guard zone 2
M
VRM2
EBL1
VRM1
Guard zone 1
EBL2
Range ring
Zoom area
Own ship vector
(Requires ARP,
true vector mode)
Zoom
window
EBL1 range
VRM1 range
EBL1
EBL2
322.1°R
VRM2
VRM1
0 .194nm
0 .158nm
17.0°R
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
EBL2 bearing, VRM2 range
Cursor range
and bearing
(Cursor position
may also be shown,
in L/L or Loran TD.)
Radar display
2-1
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.2
Transmitting, Stand-by
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Confirm that the network radar is plugged in.
Press the [DISP] key to select a radar display.
Press the [POWER/BRILL] key momentarily.
Press the RADAR STBY soft key to highlight TX on its label.
Press the RETURN soft key.
When the radar picture is not required, but you want keep it in a state of
readiness, press the RADAR TX soft key to highlight STBY on its label.
2.3
Tuning
The radar receiver can be tuned automatically or manually, and the default
tuning method is automatic. If you require manual tuning, do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Select TUNING, then press the EDIT soft key.
TUNING
¤ AUTO
¡ MAN
Tuning bar
Tuning window
4. Choose MAN.
5. Adjust the [ENTER] knob until the tuning bar is at its longest position.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: If the auto setting does not provide satisfactory tuning, ask your dealer
how to re-adjust tuning.
2.4
Adjusting the Gain
The [GAIN] key adjusts the sensitivity of the radar receiver. It works in a manner
similar to the volume control of a broadcast receiver, which amplifies received
signals.
The proper setting is such that the background noise is just visible on the screen.
If your gain setting is too low, weak echoes may be missed. On the other hand,
excessive gain yields too much background noise; strong targets may be missed
because of the poor contrast between desired echoes and the background noise
on the display.
To adjust the receiver sensitivity, transmit on long range, and then do the
following:
2-2
2. RADAR OPERATION
1. Press the [GAIN] key to show the “gain adjustment” soft keys. The last-used
adjustment window appears. The example below shows the gain sensitivity
adjustment window.
319.9°M
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
GAIN
ADJUST
Item selected for
adjustment is
highlighted.
GAIN
A/C
SEA
A/C
RAIN
A/C AT
ON /OFF
GAIN SENSITIVITY
¤ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ MAN
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
0
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
Gain adjustment soft keys
2. If the gain sensitivity window is not is not displayed, press the GAIN soft key
to show it.
GAIN SENSITIVITY
¤ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ AUTO
¡ MAN
ROUGH
MODERATE
CALM
0
Gain sensitivity window
3. Use the trackball to select AUTO ROUGH, AUTO MODERATE, AUTO CALM,
or MAN (manual) as appropriate. Select an AUTO option according to the
sea state.
4. For manual adjustment, rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust, observing the
radar echo. The range of adjustment is 0-100.
5. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-3
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.5
Reducing Sea Clutter
2.5.1
How the A/C SEA works
Echoes from waves can be troublesome, covering the central part of the display
with random signals known as “sea clutter”. The higher the waves and the higher
the antenna above the water, the further the clutter will extend. Sea clutter may
affect radar performance because real targets are sometimes hidden by the
echoes of small waves. (See the left-hand figure in the figure below.) When sea
clutter masks the picture, adjust the A/C SEA to reduce the clutter.
The A/C SEA reduces the amplification of echoes at short ranges (where clutter
is the greatest) and progressively increases amplification as the range increases,
so amplification will be normal at those ranges where there is no sea clutter.
Sea clutter at
screen center
A/C SEA adjusted;
sea clutter suppressed
Effect of A/C SEA
2.5.2
Adjusting the A/C SEA
A/C SEA should be adjusted so that the clutter is broken up into small dots, and
small targets become distinguishable.
1. Press the [GAIN] key.
2. Press the A/C SEA soft key to show the A/C SEA setting window.
A/C SEA
0
A/C SEA setting window
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust. The range of adjustment is 0-100. Do not
overadjust – weak targets may be missed.
4. A/C SEA and A/C RAIN can be automatically adjusted. Press the A/C AT
ON/OFF soft key to select ON or OFF as appropriate. When turned on, it
overrides A/C SEA and A/C RAIN settings.
5. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or RETURN soft key to finish.
2-4
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.6
Reducing Precipitation Clutter
The vertical beamwidth of the antenna is designed to see surface targets even
when the ship is rolling. However, by this design the unit will also detect
precipitation clutter (rain, snow, hail, etc.) in the same manner as normal targets.
Precipitation clutter shows as random dots on the screen.
2.6.1
Adjusting the A/C RAIN
When echoes from precipitation mask solid targets, adjust the A/C RAIN to split
up these unwanted echoes into a speckled pattern, making recognition of solid
targets easier.
1. Press the [GAIN] key.
2. Press the A/C RAIN soft key to show the A/C RAIN window.
A/C RAIN
0
A/C RAIN setting window
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to adjust the A/C RAIN. The current level is shown
on the A/C RAIN level bar in the A/C RAIN window, and the range of
adjustment is 0 to 100(%). Do not overadjust – weak targets may be missed.
4. Press the [GAIN] key on the front panel or RETURN soft key to finish.
2-5
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.7
Range Scale
The range setting determines the size of the area (in nautical miles) that will
appear on your display. In addition, the range setting will also automatically
adjust the range ring interval so that accurate range measurements may be
made while operating on any range setting.
The range, range ring interval and pulselength appear at the top left-hand corner
of the display.
Press the [RANGE (+ or -)] key to change the range scale.
Range scales (nm, sm)
Range
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
12
16
24
36
48
64
72
Ring
Interval
0.0625
0.125
0.125
0.25
0.25
0.5
0.5
1
1
2
2
3
4
6
12
12
16
18
No. of
Rings
2
2
4
3
4
3
4
3
4
3
4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
Range scales (km)
Range
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4 6 8
12
16 24 36 48
64
72
Ring
Interval
0.125
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.5
0.5
1
1 2 2
3
4
6
12 12
16
18
No. of
Rings
2
2
3
4
3
4
3
4 3 4
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
Note 1: Maximum range depends on the network radar as shown below.
Model 1722, 1722C: 24 nm
Model 1732, 1732C, 1742, 1742C, 1752, 1752C, 1833, 1833C: 36 nm
Model 1762, 1762C, 1933, 1933C: 48 nm
Model 1943, 1943C: 64 nm
Model 1953C: 72 nm
Note 2: You may choose which ranges to use from the RADAR RANGE SETUP
menu. For details see paragraph 5.2.2.
2-6
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.8
Pulselength
The pulselength in use is displayed at the upper left corner of the display.
Appropriate pulselengths are preset to individual range scales. Therefore, you
are not usually required to select them. If you are not satisfied with the current
pulselength setting, however, it is possible to change them for the ranges shown
below. Generally, select a longer pulse for longer detection range and shorter
pulse for better range discrimination.
1.5 nm, 1.5 sm, 3 km range: Short pulse, medium pulse
3 nm, 3 sm, 6km range: Medium pulse, long pulse
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
SIGNAL
PROCESS
I. REJ
LOW
E. AVG
OFF
PULSE
E. STR
LOW
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
Signal process soft keys
3. Select the 1.5 nm (1.5 sm, 3 km) or 3 nm (3 sm, 6 km) range with the
RANGE key.
4. Press the PULSE soft key to select the pulselength setting. SHORT or
MEDIUM for 1.5 nm, 1.5 sm, 3 km and MEDIUM or LONG for 3 nm, 3 sm,
6 km.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-7
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.9
Presentation Mode
This unit provides four radar presentation modes: head-up, course-up, north-up
and true motion.
Heading input is required for modes other than head-up.
2.9.1
Selecting a presentation mode
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key to show the RADAR DISPLAY soft keys.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
RADAR
DISPLAY
MODE
HD UP
SHIFT
RINGS
MED /OFF
HL
OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
Radar display soft keys
3. Press the MODE soft key. Each pressing of the key changes the presentation
mode and the presentation mode indication in the sequence of North-up
(NTH UP), True Motion (TRUE M), Head-up (HD UP), and Course-up (CSE
UP).
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: When heading data is lost, the presentation mode automatically goes to
head-up, the heading indication at the screen top shows “- - -.-°” and the
audio alarm sounds. Press the [ALARM] key to acknowledge the alarm.
The message “HEADING DATA MISSING” appears. Restore compass
signal to show heading indication. Use the MODE soft key to select
presentation mode if necessary. The audio alarm may be silenced with the
[CLEAR] key.
2-8
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.9.2
Description of presentation modes
Head-up (H-UP)
A display without azimuth stabilization in which the line connecting the center
with the top of the display indicates own ship’s heading. The targets are painted
at their measured distances and in their directions relative to own ship’s heading.
A short line on the bearing scale is the north marker.
North Marker
Heading Line
Head-up presentation mode
Course-up (C-UP)
The radar picture is stabilized and displayed with the currently selected course at
the top of the screen. As you change heading, the ship’s heading line moves. If
you select a new course, the picture resets to display the new course at the top
of the display.
Targets are painted at their measured distances and in their directions relative to
the intended course which is maintained at the 0-degree position. The heading
line moves in accordance with ship’s yawing and course changes.
North Marker
Heading Line
Course-up presentation mode
2-9
2. RADAR OPERATION
North-up (N-UP)
In the north-up mode, targets are painted at their measured distances and in
their true (compass) directions from own ship. North is maintained at the top of
the screen. The heading line changes its direction according to ship’s heading.
North
Heading Line
North-up presentation mode
True motion (TR-M)
Fixed radar targets maintain a constant position on the screen, while your own
ship moves across the radar image at the correct speed and heading. A map-like
image is displayed, with all moving vessels traveling in true perspective to each
other and to fixed landmasses. As your ship’s position approaches the edge of
the screen, the radar display is automatically reset to reveal the area ahead of
your ship. You can manually reset your ship’s position at any time by pressing
the RADAR DISPLY soft key followed by the SHIFT soft key.
North
Heading Line
True motion presentation mode
2-10
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10
Measuring the Range
You can measure the range to a radar target three ways: by the range rings, by
the cursor, and by the VRM (Variable Range Marker).
2.10.1
Measuring range by range rings
Count the number of rings between the center of the display and the target.
Check the range ring interval and judge the distance of the echo from the inner
edge of the nearest ring.
To turn the range rings on, do the following:
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
RADAR
DISPLAY
MODE
HD UP
SHIFT
RINGS
MED
HL
OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
Radar display soft keys
3. Press the RINGS soft key to change the brilliance among LOW, MED, HIGH
and OFF.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-11
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.2
Measuring range by cursor
Operate the trackball to place the cursor intersection on the inside edge of the
radar target. The range to the target, as well as the bearing, appears to the right
of “+” at the bottom of the display.
Target
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
SIGNAL
PROC.
Cursor
RADAR
DISPLY
NAV
FUNC
TARGET
ZOOM &
D. BOX
+
4.3°R
0.280nm
Bearing and
range from own
ship to cursor
position
How to measure range to a target with the cursor
2-12
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.3
Measuring range by VRM
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to display the EBL/VRM soft keys.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
+
359.9°R
0.277nm
EBL/VRM soft keys
2. Press the VRM1 ON (dotted ring VRM) or VRM2 ON (dashed ring VRM) soft
key to select the desired VRM. The selected VRM’s indication, at the bottom
of the screen, is highlighted.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob the place the VRM on the inside edge of a radar
target. Read the VRM indication to find range to the target.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
VRM1
(Dotted line)
OFFSET
EBL2
ON
VRM2
(Dashed line)
VRM2
ON
EBL1
VRM1 range
VRM1
---.-°R
0.119nm
EBL2
VRM2
---.-°R
0.242nm
+
359.9°R
0.277nm
Active marker is highlighted.
VRM2 range
How to measure range with the VRM
4. You may turn off the EBL/VRM soft keys by pressing the [EBL/VRM] key.
2-13
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.10.4
Erasing a VRM, VRM indication
Press appropriate VRM soft key, then press the [CLEAR] key. The VRM is
erased and its indication becomes blank.
2.10.5
Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the EBL or VRM soft key associated with the EBL/VRM data box you wish
to erase. Press the [CLEAR] key once or twice to erase the data box.
2.10.6
Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX and D. BOX ON/OFF soft keys to show or hide the
EBL/VRM data boxes.
2.10.7
Moving EBL/VRM data boxes
When an EBL/VRM data box is obscuring a target you want to see, you can
move it to another location as shown below. This cannot be done when the
EBL/VRM soft keys are shown.
2. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to erase the EBL/VRM soft keys.
3. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move. As
the cursor enters the box it changes to a “hand.” Push the [ENTER] knob,
and the hand changes to a fist, meaning the box is correctly selected.
3. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob.
2-14
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.11
Measuring the Bearing
There are two ways to measure the bearing to a target: by the cursor, and by the
EBL (Electronic bearing Line).
2.11.1
Measuring bearing by cursor
Use the trackball to place the cursor at the center of the target. The bearing to
the target appears in the range and bearing box at the bottom right-hand corner
on the screen.
2.11.2
Measuring bearing by EBL
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key.
2. Press the EBL1 ON (dotted line EBL) or EBL2 ON (dashed line EBL) soft key
to select the desired EBL. The selected EBL’s indication, at the bottom of the
screen, is highlighted.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to bisect the radar target with the EBL. Read the
EBL indication to find the bearing to the target.
4. You may erase the EBL/VRM soft keys by pressing the [EBL/VRM] key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
EBL1
(Dotted line)
VRM1
ON
OFFSET
EBL2
ON
EBL2
(Dashed line)
VRM2
ON
EBL2 bearing
EBL1 bearing
EBL1
VRM1
330.1°R
-.---nm
EBL2
VRM2
234.1˚R
-.---nm
359.9°R
+ 0.277nm
Active marker is highlighted.
How to measure bearing with the EBL
Note: The bearing to a target may be shown relative to own ship’s heading
(Relative) or True bearing (requires heading data). This may be done with
“EBL REFERENCE,” which is in the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu.
2-15
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.11.3
Erasing an EBL, EBL indication
Press appropriate EBL soft key, then press the [CLEAR] key. The EBL is erased
and its indication becomes blank.
2.11.4
Erasing EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the EBL or VRM soft key associated with the EBL/VRM data box you wish
to erase. Press the [CLEAR] key once or twice to erase the data box.
2.11.5
Hiding EBL/VRM data boxes
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX and D. BOX ON/OFF soft keys to show or hide the
EBL/VRM data boxes.
2.11.6
Moving EBL/VRM data boxes
When an EBL/VRM data box is obscuring a target you want to see, you can
move it to another location as shown below. This cannot be done when the
EBL/VRM soft keys are shown.
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to erase the EBL/VRM soft keys.
2. Using the trackball, place the cursor inside the data box you wish to move. As
the cursor enters the box it changes to a “hand.” Push the [ENTER] knob,
and the hand changes to a fist.
3. Use the trackball to move the data box to the location desired, then push the
[ENTER] knob. Place the cursor in the data box, then push the [ENTER]
knob.
2.12
Erasing the Heading Line, North Marker
The heading line indicates the ship's heading in all presentation modes. It is a
line from the own ship position to the outer edge of the radar display area and
appears at zero degrees on the bearing scale in head-up mode; it changes its
orientation in the north-up, course-up and true motion modes with ship’s
movement.
The north marker appears as a short dashed line. In the head-up and course-up
modes the north marker moves around the bearing scale as the ship’s heading
moves.
To temporarily erase the heading line and north marker, press the RADAR
DISPLY soft key followed by the HL OFF soft key. Release the key to redisplay
the markers. (If the radar soft keys are not shown, hit the [HIDE/SHOW] key to
display them.)
2-16
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.13
Reducing Noise Interference
Noise, appearing on the displays as random “speckles,” can be reduced as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
Select NOISE REJECTION, then press the EDIT soft key.
Select OFF, LOW or HIGH as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-17
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.14
Rejecting Radar Interference
Radar interference may occur when near another shipborne radar that is
operating in the same frequency band as your radar. Its on-screen appearance
looks like many bright dots either scattered at random or in the form of dotted
lines extending from the center to the edge of the display. Interference effects
are distinguishable from normal echoes because they do not appear in the same
place on successive rotations of the scanner.
Be sure to turn off the interference rejector when no interference exists – weak
targets may be missed.
Radar interference
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
SIGNAL
PROCESS
I. REJ
LOW
E. AVG
OFF
PULSE
E. STR
LOW
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
SIGNAL PROCESS soft keys
3. Press the I. REJ soft key successively to choose the interference rejection
level desired; LOW, MED, HIGH or OFF. HIGH provides maximum
interference rejection.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows IR L (Low), IR M (Medium) or IR H (High) when the
interference rejector is on.
2-18
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.15
Zoom
The zoom feature allows you to double the size of the area selected with the
“zoom circle.” It is available on any range but is inoperative in true motion and
when the display is shifted.
2.15.1
Zooming in on radar targets
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Use the trackball to set the cursor where you want to zoom.
Press the ZOOM & D. BOX soft key to show ZOOM & D. BOX soft keys.
Press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select ON. A solid circle, called the
“zoom circle,” appears on the display.
5. To release the cursor, press the CURSOR FLOAT soft key. (The solid circle
changes to a dashed one.) To relocate the zoom circle, select location with
the trackball, then press the CURSOR LOCK key.
6. To quit the zoom function, press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select OFF.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
ZOOM &
D. BOX
ZOOM
ON /OFF
Zoom circle
CURSOR
FLOAT
ARP
TGT ZM
D. BOX
ON/OFF
Zoom window
Requires optional
ARP Board.
Not shown otherwise.
RETURN
+
17.9°R
0.190nm
Zoom
2.15.2
Zooming in on ARP, TTM targets
You may zoom in on TTM (Tracked Target Message) and ARP targets. TTM
targets can come from a NavNet connected radar, or from other ARP radar that
is outputting the TTM message. (TTM is a NMEA 0183 data sentence that is an
available output from some ARP capable radar.) Target numbers must be turned
on to use this function. This can be done by enabling the target ID number
option in the ARP SETUP menu.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the ZOOM/D. BOX soft key to show ZOOM & D. BOX soft keys.
Press the ZOOM ON/OFF soft key to select ZOOM ON.
Press the ARP TGT ZM soft key.
2-19
2. RADAR OPERATION
SELECT TARGET NO.
▲
1
▼
Target no. selection window
5. Use the [ENTER] knob to select number (1-10), then push the [ENTER] knob.
If the target number does not exist several beeps sound and the zoom
function is cancelled.
To cancel, press the CURSOR LOCK soft key.
2.16
Shifting the Picture
Own ship position, or sweep origin, can be displaced manually or automatically
to expand the view field without switching to a larger scale.
2.16.1
Manual shift
The sweep origin can be shifted in any presentation mode to a point specified by
the cursor by up to 60% of the range in use in any direction.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Locate the cursor anywhere within the effective radius of the display.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
Press the SHIFT soft key.
Press the MANUAL soft key to shift. The heading line shifts to the cursor
location. SHIFT appears at right-hand corner of the display.
6. To cancel shift, press the RADAR DISPLY, SHIFT and OFF soft keys in that
order.
SHIFT
Cursor
Place cursor
where desired.
Press the MANUAL soft key.
Shifting the picture manually
2-20
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.16.2
Automatic shift
The amount of automatic shift is calculated with speed, and the amount is limited
to 60% of the range in use. For example, if you set the shift speed setting for 15
knots and the ship is running at 10 knots, the amount of shift will be about 40%.
The formula for determining shift amount is as shown below.
Ship's speed
X 0.6
Shift speed setting
= Amount of shift(%)
Automatic shift mode is only available in the head-up mode.
Setting automatic shift maximum speed
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the RADAR DISPLY soft key.
Press the SHIFT soft key to show the shift soft keys.
Press the AUTO S.SPD soft key to display the auto ship speed setting
window.
AUTO SHIP SPEED
15
Auto ship speed setting window
5. Adjust the trackball or [ENTER] knob to set the maximum speed of your
vessel, and then push the [ENTER] knob or the ENTER soft key to set. The
setting range is 1-999 kt and the default setting is 15 kt.
6. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Automatic shift
Press the AUTO key to automatically shift the sweep origin. To cancel shift,
press the RADAR DISPLY, SHIFT and OFF soft keys in that order.
2-21
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.17
Using the Offset EBL
The offset EBL can be used to predict a potential collision course. It can also be
used to measure the range and bearing between two targets.
2.17.1
Predicting collision course
The procedure below may be used to check if a radar target is on a potential
collision course with your vessel.
1. Press the [EBL/VRM] key to show the EBL/VRM soft keys.
2. Press the EBL1 ON soft key to turn on the EBL1.
3. Press the OFFSET soft key. The origin of EBL1 moves to the cursor position
and an “X” appears at the cursor position.
4. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the radar target which looks like it
might be on a collision course with own ship.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to fix the origin position.
6. After waiting for a few minutes (at least three minutes), rotate the [ENTER]
knob so the EBL bisects the target at the new position. If the target tracks
along the EBL towards the center of the display (your ship’s position), the
target may be on a collision course with your vessel.
7. To cancel the offset EBL, press the OFFSET soft key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
Target tracked
here
OFFSET
Initial target
position
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
EBL1
VRM1
45.0˚R
-.---nm
+ 359.9°R
11.7nm
0.277nm
Predicting collision course with the offset EBL
2-22
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.17.2
Measuring range & bearing between two targets
The procedure which follows shows how to measure the range and bearing
between two targets, using the targets “A” and “B” in the figure below as an
example.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7
8
9
Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the target “A.”
Press the [EBL/VRM] key to show the EBL/VRM soft keys.
Press the EBL1 ON soft key to turn on the EBL1.
Press the OFFSET soft key. The origin of EBL1 moves to the cursor position,
which is marked with an “X.”
Rotate the [ENTER] knob so the EBL bisects the target “B.”
Press the [ENTER] knob.
Press the VRM1 ON soft key and then rotate the [ENTER] knob to place the
VRM1 on the inner edge of the target “B.”
Look at the indications for VRM1 and EBL1 to find the range and bearing
between the two targets.
To cancel the offset EBL, press the OFFSET key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
EBL
VRM
EBL1
ON
VRM1
ON
Target B
OFFSET
Target A
EBL2
ON
VRM2
ON
Bearing and range
between target A
and target B
EBL1
VRM1
45.0°R
7.121nm
+
+
359.9°R
0.277nm
Measuring range and bearing between two targets
2-23
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.18
Echo Trails
Echo trails are simulated afterglow of target echoes that represent their
movements relative or true to own ship. This function is useful for alerting you
past possible collision situations.
Echo trail
Sample echo trails
2.18.1
Trail time
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
2. Press the TARGET soft key.
3. Press the TRAIL soft key.
319.9°M
.250/ SP.125nm
HU
TRAIL
TRAIL
ON /OFF
TRAIL
TIME
GRAD
SINGLE
HIGH
RETURN
+
359.9°R
0.277nm
Trail soft keys
4. Press the TRAIL TIME soft key to show the trail time window.
TRAIL TIME
▲
¤ 15 seconds
¡ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
¡ 15 minutes
¡ 30 minutes
¡ CONTINUOUS
▼
Trail time window
2-24
2. RADAR OPERATION
4. Use the trackball to select time desired.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
2.18.2
Starting echo trails
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the TARGET soft key.
Press the TRAIL soft key.
Press the TRAIL ON/OFF soft key to select ON.
Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
“TRAIL,” the echo trail time selected and elapsed time appear at the top
right-hand corner of the display. Then, afterglow starts extending from all targets.
Trails are restarted when the range or mode is changed and zoom or shift is
turned on.
For continuous trails, the maximum continuous trail time is 99 minutes and 59
seconds. When the elapsed time clock counts up to that time, the elapsed time
display resets to zero and trails begin again.
To turn off echo trail, press the TRAIL ON/OFF soft key to select OFF at step 4 in
the above procedure.
2.18.3
Trail gradation
The echo trails can be shown in single or multiple gradations. Multiple gradation
paints the trails thinner with time, like the afterglow on an analog PPI radar.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] soft key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the TARGET and TRAIL soft keys.
Press the GRAD soft key to select SINGLE or MULTI as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key twice to finish.
Multitone
Monotone
Multitone and monotone trails
2-25
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.18.4
Echo trail mode
Echo trails may be shown in Relative or True motion. (True motion requires
speed and heading inputs.)
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP key.
3. Choose TRAIL MODE, then press the EDIT soft key.
TRAIL MODE
▲
¡ TRUE
¤ RELATIVE
▼
Trail mode window
4. Select TRUE or RELATIVE as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-26
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.19
Echo Stretch
Normally, the reflected echoes from long range targets appear on the display as
weaker and smaller blips even though they are compensated by the radar’s
internal circuitry. The echo stretch function magnifies these small blips in all
ranges. Two types of echo stretch are available: ES LOW which stretches
echoes in bearing direction and ES HIGH which stretches them in both range
and bearing directions.
Target
Bearing
direction
Echo Stretch OFF
"LOW" Echo stretch
Range
direction
Bearing
direction
"HIGH" Echo stretch
Types of echo stretch
This function magnifies not only targets but also sea clutter and radar
interference. For this reason, be sure sea clutter and radar interference are
properly suppressed before activating the echo stretch.
1.
2.
3.
4.
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft keys.
Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
Press the E. STR soft key to select HIGH, LOW or OFF as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows ES H (High) or ES L (Low) when the echo stretch is on.
2-27
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.20
Echo Averaging
The echo averaging feature effectively suppresses sea clutter. Echoes received
from stable targets such as ships appear on the screen at almost the same
position during every rotation of the antenna. On the other hand, unstable
echoes such as sea clutter appear at random positions.
To distinguish real target echoes from sea clutter, echo average performs
scan-to-scan correlation. Correlation is made by storing and averaging echo
signals over successive picture frames. If an echo is solid and stable, it is
presented in its normal intensity. Sea clutter is averaged over successive scans
resulting in the reduced brilliance, making it easier to discriminate real targets
from sea clutter.
To properly use the echo average function, it is recommended to first suppress
sea clutter with the A/C SEA control and then do the following:
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
2. Press the SIGNAL PROC. soft key.
3. Press the E. AVG soft key to select desired echo averaging.
OFF:
LOW:
No averaging
Helps distinguish targets from sea clutter and suppresses brilliance
of unstable echoes.
MED: Distinguishes small stationary targets such as navigation buoys.
HIGH: Stably displays distant targets.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
The display shows EAV L, EAV M or EAV H when echo averaging is on.
(a) Echo average OFF
(b) Echo average ON
Effect of echo averaging
2-28
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.21
Outputting TLL Data
Target position data can be output to units of the network and shown on their
plotter screens with the TLL mark ( X ). This function requires position and
heading data.
1. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the target whose position you
wish to output.
2. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
3. Press the TARGET soft key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
TARGET
TRAIL
TLL
OUTPUT
ACQ
TARGET
INFO
Requires ARP circuit board
in Model 1800/1900 series
NavNet radar. Not shown
otherwise..
RETURN
+
359.9°R
0.277nm
TARGET soft keys
4. Press the TLL OUTPUT soft key to output target position data. The TLL mark
is inscribed on the plotter display at the target’s position the moment the TLL
OUTPUT soft key was pressed. Further, that position is recorded as a
waypoint on all NavNet units, under the youngest empty waypoint number on
each NavNet unit.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: The screen of the TLL recipient may be temporarily interrupted when
receiving TLL from another NavNet display unit. Press any key to restore
normal operation.
2-29
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.22
Guard Alarm
The guard alarm allows the operator to set the desired range and bearing for a
guard zone. When ships, islands, landmasses, etc. violate the guard zone, an
audio alarm sounds and the offending target blinks to call the operator’s
attention.
CAUTION
• The alarm should not be relied upon as
the sole means for detecting possible
collision situations.
• A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and GAIN controls
should be properly adjusted to be sure
the alarm system does not overlook
target echoes.
2.22.1
Setting a guard alarm zone
To set a guard alarm zone, set the radar to transmit and do the following:
1. Press the [ALARM] key.
2. Use the trackball to set the cursor on the top left corner (or top right corner) of
the guard zone you want to set, then press the SET GUARD1 or SET
GUARD2 soft key, depending on which guard zone you want to set.
3. Use the trackball to set the cursor on the bottom right corner (or top left
corner) of the guard zone area, then push the [ENTER] knob.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°M
ALARM
319.9°M
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
ALARM
GUARD 1
SET
GUARD1
SET
GUARD1
2
1
MOVE +CURSOR TO
ANOTHER CORNER OF
GUARD1 AND PUSH
KNOB TO SET.
+
SET
GUARD2
SET
GUARD2
RETURN
RETURN
317.2°R
0.230nm
(1) Drag cursor to top (or bottom) corner
for guard zone and press the SET
GUARD1 or SET GUARD2 soft key.
ENO ALARM
B
L T
V
R
M
.125n
.032nm
m
+ 39.9°R
0.211nm
(2) Drag cursor diagonally to bottom (or top)
corner for guard zone and press the [ENTER]
knob.
How to set a guard alarm zone
2-30
ERASE
GUARD1
2. RADAR OPERATION
The equipment then searches for targets inside the guard zone to determine
guard alarm type. If a target is found inside the guard zone, the guard zone type
becomes an “Outward guard alarm,” and any target exiting the guard zone will
trigger the audio alarm. If no target is found, the guard zone type becomes an
“Inward guard alarm,” and any targets entering the guard zone will trigger the
audio alarm. The guard alarm type is shown as G1(G2) IN or G1(G2) OUT.
Note 1: When the radar range is less than the guard zone range, the audio
alarm sounds and the alarm icon appears. Press the [CLEAR] key to
silence the alarm. Press the [ALARM] key and the message
“GUARD1(2) IS OUTSIDE RADAR RANGE” appears. Reselect
appropriate range.
Note 2: If the network radar is set to standby while the guard alarm is active, the
guard alarm is cancelled. The guard alarm is redisplayed when the
radar is set to transmit again.
Note 3: If the network radar is set to standby while the radar picture is not
displayed, the audio alarm sounds. Press the [ALARM] key and the
message “STBY MODE HAS BEEN SELECTED. GUARD/WTCHMN
CANCELED.” or “GUARD/WATCHMAN CANCELED. STBY/TX
SELECTED.” appears.
2.22.2
When the alarm is violated…
Any radar target violating the guard zone will flash, the audio alarm sounds, and
the alarm icon appears. Additionally the message “TARGET ENTERED INTO
GUARD1(GUARD2)” or “TARGET LEFT FROM GUARD1(GUARD2)” is
displayed at the bottom of the screen. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the
alarm. When this is done, “G1(G2) ACK” replaces G1(G2) IN(OUT) at the top
right corner of the display. This means the alarm is temporarily deactivated. To
reactivate the alarm, press the SET GUARD1 or SET GUARD2 soft key as
appropriate.
2.22.3
Cancelling the guard alarm
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Press the ERASE GUARD1 or ERASE GUARD2 soft key as appropriate.
3. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-31
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.23
Watchman
2.23.1
How watchman works
The watchman function periodically transmits radar pulses for one minute to
check for targets in a guard zone. If a target is found in the zone, watchman is
cancelled, the audio alarm sounds and the radar continues transmitting. If no
target is found the radar goes into standby for the number of minutes designated
on the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu. This feature is useful when you do not
need the radar’s function continuously but want to be alerted to radar targets in a
specific area. “WTCH” appears at the top left corner when Watchman is active.
Tx
1 min
Watchman
starts
ST-BY
*
Tx
1 min
5,10
or
20 min
ST-BY
*
5,10
or
20 min
* Beeps emitted just before radar transmits.
How watchman works
2.23.2
Turning on/off watchman
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Set a guard zone. (See the paragraph 2.22.)
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft keys.
Press the NAV FUNC soft key.
Press the W. MAN ON/OFF soft key to select ON or OFF as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Note: When the watchman is activated and no guard zone is active, the
message “PLEASE SET GUARD ZONE. PUSH ANY KEY TO
CONTINUE.” appears. Press any key and then set a guard zone.
2.23.3
Setting watchman stand-by interval
The watchman standby interval, that is, the number of minutes the radar is in
standby, can be set to 5, 10 or 20 minutes as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Select WATCHMAN TIME, then press the EDIT soft key.
WATCHMAN TIME
¤
¡
¡
5 minutes
10 minutes
20 minutes
Watchman window
4. Select time desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-32
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.24
Suppressing Second-trace Echoes
In certain situations, echoes from very distance targets may appear as false
echoes (second-trace echoes) on the screen. This occurs when the return echo
is received one transmission cycle later, or after a next radar pulse has been
transmitted.
Tx repetition
Second-trace
echo
False echo
range
Actual range
Second-trace echoes
To activate or deactivate the second-trace echo rejector do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
3. Use the trackball to select 2ND ECHO REJECTION, then press the EDIT soft
key.
4. Choose ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-33
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.25
Waypoint Marker
A waypoint marker, showing the location of the destination waypoint set on the
plotter, may be inscribed on the radar display.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
Waypoint
marker
319.9°M
NAV
+
W. MAN
ON/OFF
FUNC
WPT MK
ON /OFF
RETURN
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
Waypoint marker
1. If not already shown, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to display the radar soft
keys.
2. Press the NAV FUNC soft key.
3. Press the WPT MK ON/OFF soft key to select ON or OFF as appropriate.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
2-34
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26
ARP, TTM Operation
With the optional ARP circuit board, you can manually and automatically acquire
and track ten targets. Once a target is acquired automatically or manually it is
automatically tracked within 0.1 to 32 nm. If the FURUNO heading sensor
PG-1000 is used, the data sentence “RMC” is necessary.
Alternatively, you can display the tracks of other ships by receiving the data
sentence TTM (Tracked Target Message) via the NETWORK or NMEA port on
the display unit. However, targets cannot be acquired.
Usage precautions for ARP
WARNING
No one navigational aid should be relied
upon for the safety of vessel and crew.
The navigator has the responsibility to
check all aids available to confirm
position. Electronic aids are not
a substitute for basic navigational
principles and common sense.
• This auto plotter automatically tracks an
automatically or manually acquired radar
target and calculates its course and
speed, indicating them by a vector. Since
the data generated by the auto plotter
are based on what radar targets are
selected, the radar must always be
optimally tuned for use with the auto
plotter, to ensure required targets will not
be lost or unwanted targets such as sea
returns and noise will not be acquired
and tracked.
• A target does not always mean a landmass, reef, ships or other surface vessels
but can imply returns from sea surface
and clutter. As the level of clutter changes
with environment, the operator should
properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C RAIN
and GAIN controls to be sure target
echoes are not eliminated from the
radar screen.
CAUTION
The plotting accuracy and response of
this auto plotter meets IMO standards.
Tracking accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Tracking accuracy is affected by course
change. One to two minutes is required to
restore vectors to full accuracy after an
abrupt course change. (The actual
amount depends on gyrocompass
specifications.)
• The amount of tracking delay is inversely
proportional to the relative speed of the
target. Delay is on the order of 15-30
seconds for high relative speed; 30-60
seconds for low relative speed.
Display accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Echo intensity
• Radar transmission pulsewidth
• Radar bearing error
• Gyrocompass error
• Course change (own ship or target)
2-35
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.1
Activating/deactivating ARP, TTM
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP
SETUP menu.
ARP TARGET INFO
INTERNAL ARP
CANCEL ALL TARGETS
NO
ARP VECTOR MODE
TRUE
ARP VECTOR TIME
30 minutes
HISTORY INTERVAL
OFF
CPA
OFF
TCPA
30 seconds
AUTO ACQUISITION AREA
OFF
TARGET ID NUMBER
OFF
ARP
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
ARP setup menu
2. Select ARP TARGET INFO, then press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP
target info window.
ARP TARGET INFO
▲
¤ INTERNAL ARP
¡ EXTERNAL ARP
¡ OFF
▼
ARP target info window
3. Select INTERNAL ARP, EXTERNAL ARP or OFF as appropriate.
INTERNAL ARP: The radar source must be an ARP-equipped Model
1800/1900 series NavNet radar. Select this item also for a NavNet unit being
fed ARP targets.
EXTERNAL ARP: Receive TTM data sentence via NMEA or NETWORK port.
Target tracks are shown but targets cannot be acquired.
OFF: Turns off the ARP or TTM display.
4. Press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-36
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.2
Acquiring and tracking targets (ARP)
Ten targets may be acquired and tracked manually and automatically. When you
attempt to acquire an eleventh target, the message “ARP FULL – ALREADY
TRACKING 10 TARGETS!” appears for five seconds. To acquire another target,
terminate tracking of an unnecessary target as shown in the paragraph “2.26.4
Terminating tracking of ARP targets.”
Manual acquisition
1. If not already shown, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft
keys.
2. Press the TARGET soft key.
3. Place the cursor on the target to acquire, then press the ACQ soft key.
4. Press the RETURN soft key.
The plot symbol changes over time as below. A vector appears about one minute
after acquisition, indicating the target’s motion trend.
Vector
01*
01*
At acquisition
1 min. after
acquisition
01*
3 min. after
acquisition
Target Number
* = Target number shown when TARGET ID NUMBER is
turned on in the ARP SETUP menu.
ARP plot symbols
Automatic acquisition
The ARP can acquire up to ten targets automatically by setting an automatic
acquisition area. When automatic acquisition is selected after acquiring targets
manually, only the remaining capacity for targets may be automatically acquired.
For example, if seven targets have been manually acquired, three targets may
be automatically acquired.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
Press the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP SETUP menu.
Operate the trackball to select AUTO ACQUISITION AREA.
Press the EDIT soft key to show the automatic acquisition area window.
AUTO ACQ. AREA
▲
¡ ON
¤ OFF
▼
Automatic acquisition area window
5. Select ON, then press the ENTER soft key.
2-37
2. RADAR OPERATION
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. An acquisition area of 2.0 to 2.5
miles in range and ±45º on either side of the heading line in bearing appears.
Note: Targets being tracked in automatic acquisition are continuously
tracked when switching to manual acquisition.
Automatic acquisition area
45° starboard
45° port
2.0 - 2.5 nm
Automatic acquisition area
2.26.3
Displaying target number (ARP, TTM)
Target number can be shown for ARP and TTM targets as below.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°T
TARGET
TRAIL
TLL
OUTPUT
01
ACQ
ARP
Target
Number
TARGET
INFO
RETURN
+
ARP target number
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
2-38
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the ARP SETUP soft key.
Select TARGET ID NUMBER.
Press the EDIT soft key.
Select ON or OFF as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
359.9°R
0.277nm
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.4
Terminating tracking of ARP targets
When ten targets have been acquired, no more acquisition occurs unless targets
are cancelled. If you need to acquire additional targets, you must first cancel one
or more individual targets, or all targets, using one of the procedures below.
Terminating tracking of selected targets
1. Place the cursor on the target to terminate tracking.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key to terminate track and erase the target.
Terminating tracking of all targets
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Select CANCEL ALL TARGETS.
3. Press the EDIT soft key.
CANCEL ALL TARGETS
▲
¡ YES
¤ NO
▼
Cancel all targets window
4. Select YES.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-39
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.5
Setting vector attributes (ARP)
What is a vector?
A vector is a line extending from a tracked target which shows estimated speed
and course of the target. The vector tip shows an estimated position of the target
after the selected vector time elapses. It can be useful to extend the vector
length (time) in order to evaluate the risk of collision with any target.
Vector
Vector
Vector reference, vector time
You may reference the vectors to North (True, requires heading and speed data)
or ship’s heading (relative) as desired. Vector time can be set to 30 seconds, 1,
3, 6, 15 or 30 minutes.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key to show the ARP
SETUP menu.
2. Operate the trackball to select ARP VECTOR MODE.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP vector mode window.
ARP VECTOR MODE
¤
¡
RELATIVE
TRUE
ARP vector mode window
4. Select TRUE or RELATIVE as appropriate.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Select ARP VECTOR TIME, then press the EDIT soft key to show the ARP
vector time window.
ARP VECTOR TIME
▲
¤ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
¡ 15 minutes
¡ 30 minutes
▼
ARP vector time window
7. Operate the trackball to select vector time among 30 sec, 1 min, 3 min, 6 min,
15 min and 30 min.
8. Press the ENTER soft key.
9. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-40
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.6
Displaying past position (ARP)
This ARP can display time-spaced dots (maximum ten dots) marking the past
positions of any targets being tracked. You can evaluate a target’s actions by the
spacing between dots. Below are examples of dot spacing and target movement.
(a) Ship turning
(b) Ship running
straight
(c) Ship reduced
speed
(d) Ship increased
speed
Past position displays
To turn the past position display on or off:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Operate the trackball to select HISTORY INTERVAL.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the history interval window.
HISTORY INTERVAL
▲
¤ OFF
¡ 30 seconds
¡ 1 minute
¡ 3 minutes
¡ 6 minutes
▼
Plot interval window
4. Operate the trackball to select history interval among 30 sec, 1 min, 3 min
and 6 min, or select OFF to turn off the past position display.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2-41
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.7
ARP, TTM target data
You can show motion trends (range, bearing, course, speed, CPA and TCPA) for
ARP or TTM targets. Note that TARGET ID NUMBER, in the ARP SETUP menu,
must be turned on to display this data.
1. Place the cursor on the target whose data you want to see.
2. If not already displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the radar soft
keys.
3. Press the TARGET and TARGET INFO soft keys. The data of the selected
target appears at the bottom left-hand corner of the display. (If an EBL/VRM
data box is displayed ARP data will be under it.)
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
5. To erase the ARP/TTM data box, select the corresponding target with the
cursor, then press the [CLEAR] key.
.250/SP.125nm
H-UP
319.9°T
TARGET
+
TRAIL
Cursor
ARP
Target
TLL
OUTPUT
ACQ
01
TGT
INFO
RETURN
No.01 VECTOR TRUE 15min
CSE 359.9°T SPD 12.5kt
CPA 2.21nm TCPA 12:35
+ 359.9°R
0.277nm
CPA and TCPA
Course and Speed
Target No., Vector Reference (True), Vector Time
ARP target data
2-42
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.26.8
CPA/TCPA alarm (ARP)
When the predicted CPA of any target becomes smaller than a preset CPA alarm
range or its predicted TCPA less than a preset TCPA alarm limit, an audio alarm
sounds and the speaker icon appears. In addition, the target plot symbol of the
offending target changes to a triangle and flashes together with its vector. You
may silence the audio alarm with the [CLEAR] key. Press the [ALARM] key and
the message “COLLISION ALARM” appears. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft key
to acknowledge the alarm. The flashing of the triangle plot symbol continues until
you intentionally terminate tracking of the target. The ARP continuously monitors
the predicted range at the Closest Point of Approach (CPA) and predicted time to
CPA (TCPA) of each track to own ship.
This feature helps alert you to targets which may be on a collision course with
own ship. However, it is important that gain, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and other radar
controls are properly adjusted and the ARP is set up so that it can track targets
effectively.
CPA/TCPA alarm ranges must be set up properly taking into consideration the
size, tonnage, speed, turning performance and other characteristics of own ship.
CAUTION
The CPA/TCPA alarm should never be
relied upon as the sole means for detecting the risk of collision. The navigator is
not relieved of the responsibility to keep
visual lookout for avoiding collisions,
whether or not the radar or other plotting
aid is in use.
Follow the steps shown below to set the CPA/TCPA alarm range:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the ARP SETUP soft key.
2. Operate the trackball to select CPA.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the CPA window.
CPA
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
▼
OFF
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
CPA window
4. Select a CPA limit desired from 0.5 nm, 1 nm, 2 nm, 3 nm, 5 nm and 6 nm
with the trackball.
5. Press the ENTER soft key. The ARP SETUP menu reappears.
6. Press the trackball to select TCPA.
7. Press the EDIT soft key to show the TCPA window.
2-43
2. RADAR OPERATION
TCPA
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
▼
30 seconds
1 minute
2 minutes
3 minutes
4 minutes
5 minutes
6 minutes
12 minutes
TCPA window
8. Select a TCPA limit among 30 sec, 1 min, 2 min, 3 min, 4 min, 5 min, 6 min
and 12 min.
9. Press the ENTER soft key.
10. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
2.26.9
Lost target alarm (ARP)
When the system detects a lost target, the target symbol becomes a diamond
and tracking is discontinued after one minute.
01
Lost target mark
Canceling a lost target
1. Place the cursor on the target.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key.
2-44
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27
Interpreting the Radar Display
2.27.1
General
Minimum and maximum ranges
Minimum range
The minimum range is defined by the shortest distance at which, using a scale of
1.5 or 0.75 nm, a target having an echoing area of 10 m2 is still shown separate
from the point representing the antenna position. It is mainly dependent on the
pulselength, antenna height, and signal processing such as main bang
suppression and digital quantization. It is best to use the shortest possible range
as long as the clarity and definition of the picture remain good.
Maximum range
The maximum detecting range of the radar, Rmax, varies considerably
depending on several factors such as the height of the antenna above the
waterline, the height of the target above the sea, the size, shape and material of
the target, and atmospheric conditions.
Under normal atmospheric conditions, the maximum range is equal to the radar
horizon or a little shorter. The radar horizon is longer than the optical one by
about 6% because of the diffraction property of the radar signal. Rmax is given
in the following equation.
Rmax = 2.2 x ( h1 + h2 )
where
Rmax: radar horizon (nautical miles)
h1:
antenna height (m)
h2:
target height (m)
Radar horizon
Optical horizon
Radar horizon
For example, if the height of the antenna above the waterline is 9 meters and the
height of the target is 16 meters, the maximum radar range is;
Rmax= 2.2 x ( 9 + 16 ) = 2.2 x (3 + 4) = 15.4 nm
It should be noted that the detection range is reduced by precipitation (which
absorbs the radar signal).
2-45
2. RADAR OPERATION
Radar resolution
There are two important factors in radar resolution (discrimination): bearing
resolution and range resolution.
Bearing resolution
Bearing resolution is the ability of the radar to display the echoes received from
two targets, which are at the same range and close together, as separate targets.
Bearing resolution is directly proportional to the antenna length, and inversely
proportional to the radar's wavelength.
Range resolution
Range resolution is the ability to display the echoes received from two targets,
which are on the same bearing and close to each other, as separate targets.
Bearing accuracy
One of the most important features of the radar is how accurately the bearing of
a target can be measured. The accuracy of bearing measurement basically
depends on the narrowness of the radar beam. However, the bearing is usually
taken relative to the ship’s heading, and thus, proper adjustment of the heading
marker at installation is an important factor in ensuring bearing accuracy. To
minimize error when measuring the bearing of a target, select a range which will
put the target as far out to the edge of the radar screen as possible.
Range measurement
Measurement of the range to a target is also a very important function of the
radar. There are three means of measuring range: the fixed range rings, the
trackball and the variable range marker (VRM). The fixed range rings appear on
the screen with a predetermined interval and provide a rough estimate of the
range to a target. The trackball is rolled to place the cursor on the leading edge
of the target. Range and bearing to the target is shown at the bottom right-hand
corner of the display. The variable range marker’s diameter is increased or
decreased so that the marker touches the inner edge of the target, allowing the
operator to obtain more accurate range measurements.
2-46
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27.2
False echoes
Occasionally echo signals appear on the screen at positions where there is no
target or disappear even if there are targets. False target situations may be
recognized, however, if you understand why they are displayed. Typical false
echoes are shown below.
Multiple echoes
Multiple echoes occur when a transmitted pulse returns from a solid object like a
large ship, bridge, or breakwater. A second, a third or more echoes may be
observed on the display at double, triple or other multiples of the actual range of
the target as shown below. Multiple reflection echoes can be reduced and often
removed by decreasing the gain (sensitivity) or properly adjusting the [A/C SEA]
control.
True
echo
Target
Own ship
Multiple
echo
Multiple echoes
Sidelobe echoes
Every time the radar pulse is transmitted, some radiation escapes on each side
of the beam. This stray RF is called a “sidelobe.” If a target exists where it can
be detected by the sidelobes as well as the main lobe, the side echoes may be
represented on both sides of the true echo at the same range. Sidelobes show
usually only on short ranges and from strong targets. They can be reduced
through careful reduction of the gain or proper adjustment of the A/C SEA
control.
Target A
Target B
(Spurious) Target B
(True)
Sidelobe echoes
2-47
2. RADAR OPERATION
Virtual image
A relatively large target close to your ship may show at two positions on the
screen. One of them is the true echo directly reflected by the target and the other
is a false echo which is caused by the mirror effect of a large object on or close
to your ship as shown in the figure below. If your ship comes close to a large
metal bridge, for example, such a false echo may temporarily be seen on the
screen.
Target ship
;
;;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;
;;
;;
;;
;;
Own
ship
;
;;
;
;;
;;
;
;;
;;
;;
;
;;
;
;
;;
;;
;
True
; echo
;;
;;
;;
Mirror image
of target ship
False
echo
Virtual image
Shadow sectors
Funnels, stacks, masts, or derricks in the path of the antenna block the radar
beam. If the angle subtended at the antenna is more than a few degrees, a
non-detecting sector or blind spot may be produced. Within this sector, targets
can not be detected.
Radar
antenna
Radar
mast
Shadow sector
Shadow sectors
2-48
2. RADAR OPERATION
2.27.3
SART (Search and Rescue Transponder)
A Search and Rescue Transponder (SART) may be triggered by any X-Band (3
cm) radar within a range of approximately 8 nm. Each radar pulse received
causes it to transmit a response which is swept repetitively across the complete
radar frequency band. When interrogated, it first sweeps rapidly (0.4 µs) through
the band before beginning a relatively slow sweep (7.5 µs) through the band
back to the starting frequency. This process is repeated for a total of twelve
complete cycles. At some point in each sweep, the SART frequency will match
that of the interrogating radar and be within the pass band of the radar receiver.
If the SART is within range, the frequency match during each of the 12 slow
sweeps will produce a response on the radar display, thus a line of 12 dots
equally spaced by about 0.64 nautical miles will be shown.
When the range to the SART is reduced to about 1 nm, the radar display may
show also the 12 responses generated during the fast sweeps. These additional
dot responses, which also are equally spaced by 0.64 nm, will be interspersed
with the original line of 12 dots. They will appear slightly weaker and smaller
than the original dots.
Screen B: When SART
is close
Screen A: When SART
is distant
Lines of 12 dots
are displayed in
concentric arcs.
Echo from SART
Radar antenna
beamwidth
24 NM
Echo from
SART
1.5 NM
Position of
SART
Own ship
position
9500 MHz
9200 MHz
Own ship
position
SART mark
length
7.5 µs
Sweep time
Position of
SART
Radar receiver
bandwidth
95 µs
Low speed sweep signal
Sweep start
High speed sweep signal
Appearance of SART signal on the radar display
2-49
2. RADAR OPERATION
General procedure for detecting SART response
1. Use the range scale of 6 or 12 nm as the spacing between the SART
responses is about 0.6 nm (1125 m) to distinguish the SART.
2. Turn off the automatic clutter suppression (if applicable).
3. Turn off the Interference Rejector.
General remarks on receiving SART
SART range errors
When responses from only the 12 low frequency sweeps are visible (when the
SART is at a range greater than about 1 nm), the position at which the first dot is
displayed may be as much as 0.64 nm beyond the true position of the SART.
When the range closes so that the fast sweep responses are seen also, the first
of these will be no more than 150 meters beyond the true position.
Radar bandwidth
This is normally matched to the radar pulselength and is usually switched with
the range scale and the associated pulselength. Narrow bandwidths of 3-5 MHz
are used with long pulses on long range and wide bandwidths of 10-25 MHz with
short pulses on short ranges.
Any radar bandwidth of less than 5 MHz will attenuate the SART signal slightly,
so it is preferable to use a medium bandwidth to ensure optimum detection of
the SART.
Radar sidelobes
As the SART is approached, sidelobes from the radar antenna may show the
SART responses as a series of arcs or concentric rings. These can be removed
by the use of the [A/C SEA] control although it may be operationally useful to
observe the sidelobes as they may be easier to detect in clutter conditions and
also they will confirm that the SART is near to the ship.
Gain
For maximum range SART detection the normal gain setting for long range
detection should be used, that is, with background noise speckle visible.
2-50
2. RADAR OPERATION
A/C SEA control
For optimum range SART detection, this control should be set to the minimum.
Care should be exercised as wanted target in sea clutter may be obscured. Note
also that in clutter conditions the first few dots of the SART response may not be
detectable, irrespective of the setting of the anti-clutter sea control. In this case,
the position of the SART may be estimated by measuring 9.5 nm from the
furthest dot back towards own ship.
Some sets have automatic/manual anti-clutter sea control facilities in which case
the operator should switch to manual.
A/C RAIN control
This should be used normally (to break up areas of rain) when trying to detect a
SART response which, being a series of dots, is not affected by the action of the
anti-clutter rain circuitry. Note that racon responses, which are often in the form
of a long flash, will be affected by the use of this control.
Some sets have automatic/manual anti-clutter rain control facilities in which case
the operator should switch to manual.
Note: This SART information is excerpted from IMO SN/Circ 197 Operation of
Marine Radar for SART Detection.
2.27.4
Racon (Radar Beacon)
A racon is a radar transponder which emits a characteristic signal when triggered
by a ship’s radar (usually only the 3 centimeter band). The signal may be emitted
on the same frequency as that of the triggering radar, in which case it is
superimposed on the ship's radar display automatically.
The racon signal appears on the PPI as a radial line originating at a point just
beyond the position of the radar beacon or as a Morse code signal (see figure
below) displayed radially from just beyond the beacon.
Racon
Appearance of racon signal on the radar display
2-51
This page is intentionally left blank.
3.
PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1
Plotter Displays
You may show the plotter display over the entire screen, or in a combination
screen.
3.1.1
Full-screen plotter display
Nav data window
(Data changes with NAV soft
key setting and cursor
status. For details see next page.)
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
Scale
359.9°
19.9 kt
TRIP NU
99.9 nm
MARK
ENTRY
16.0nm
SI
M
M
MODE
NTH UP
Icon (from left)
North Marker
Chart
Alarm
Battery
Track Hold
Chart Offset
Save
L/L Offset
Battery
Simulation
(See icon
table on
page A-12
for details.)
NAV
POS
002WP
Functions for
soft keys
D. BOX
ON/ OFF
FISH
BRIDGE
Waypoint name
Own ship
marker
Course bar
Waypoint marker
Own ship
track
Full-screen plotter display
Note: The own ship marker blinks when the FURUNO GPS Receiver GP-310B
loses the GPS signal. For the NavNet display units receiving the GPS
signal, the message “No GPS fix!” appears approx. one minute after the
signal is lost and is accompanied by the audio alarm. For the NavNet
display unit connected to the GP-310B, the visual alarm is released soon
after loss and the audio alarm sounds five minutes later.
3-1
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Nav data window
The data shown in the nav data window depends on the status of the NAV soft
key and the cursor.
Presentation
Mode
Latitude and longitude
of cursor intersection
Latitude, Longitude
Bearing to Cursor
34°24. 3456'N
+ 124°24.
3456'W
359. 9°M
59.9nm
Cursor Mark
NU
TRIP
99. 9nm
Trip Distance
Range to
Cursor
Presentation
Mode
Waypoint data
(waypoint selected
with cursor)
Waypoint Name
001WPT
Waypoint Mark
Own ship
position
NAV
POS
soft key
Bearing to Waypoint
359. 9°M 359. 9°M TRIP
NU
19. 9nm 19. 9kt 99. 9nm
Range to Waypoint
Latitude, Longitude
Course
Speed
Trip Distance
Presentation
Mode
Course
34°24. 3456'N
124°24. 3456'W
Own Ship Mark
359. 9° M TRIP
NU
19. 9kt 99. 9nm
Speed
Trip Distance
Time-to-Go
to Destination
Destination NAV
WPT
waypoint
data
soft key
Waypoint Name
Bearing to Waypoint
001WPT
Waypoint Mark
359. 9°M TTG4D02H23M NU
19. 9nm ETA1st 13:45
Range to Waypoint
Presentation
Mode
Estimated Time of
Arrival
Presentation
Mode
Own ship NAV
speed and S/C
course
soft key
Turns off NAV
nav data OFF
window soft key
Course, Speed
CSE 359. 9° M
SOG 19. 9kt
Bearing to Waypoint
BRG
RNG
359. 9 ° M
99. 9nm
Range
to
Waypoint
TMP
DPT
79. 9°F
345 ft
Water Temp.*,
Depth*
Contents of nav data window
3-2
NU
* Requires appropriate
sensor.
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.2
Compass display
The compass display, shown in combination displays, provides steering
information. The compass rose shows two triangles: the solid triangle shows
own ship’s course and the hollow triangle, which moves with course change,
shows the bearing to destination waypoint.
The water temperature and depth graphs, which require appropriate sensors,
show the latest 10 minutes of water temperature and depth data. The range of
the depth graph is 50 feet and it is automatically adjusted with depth.
Speed
TO Waypoint
Time-to-go
to destination
003WPT
TTG
RNG 9 9 . 9 n m
SOG 10.0kt STW 10.0 kt
0D 9H 59M
ETA
BRG
DPT
Waypoint
bearing
Range to waypoint
TMP
20
N
0
w
Depth
graph*
* = Requires appropriate
sensor.
50
Shown when
direction to
steer is "left."
E
CSE
3 5 9 . 9 °M
Estimated time of
arrival at destination
1 6 . 2 °F
3 5 9 . 9 °M
45.2ft
23th23:59
10
Ship's course
Water
temperature
graph*
Direction to steer
Bearing scale
XTE monitor
(Direction off course;
direction to steer)
Compass display
3-3
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Reading the XTE (cross-track error) monitor
The XTE monitor, located below the compass rose, shows the distance you are
off course and the direction to steer to return to course. The own ship marker
moves according to direction and distance off course. It flashes when own ship’s
cross-track error is more than the XTE monitor range. An arrow appears at the
left or right side of the XTE scale and it shows the direction to steer. In the
example on the previous page you would steer right to return to course. To
maintain course, steer the vessel so the own ship marker stays at the center of
the XTE monitor.
Soft keys
EDIT XT-LMT: Sets the range for XTE monitor scale. See the procedure below
for how to set.
RESET XTE: The RESET XTE enables you to restart navigation, when a
destination is set. Press the EDIT XT-LMT soft key followed by the RESET XTE
soft key. The following message is displayed.
RESTART NAVGATION TO
CURRENT WPT.
ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
Setting the range for the XTE monitor
1. With the compass (or highway) display shown, press the EDIT XT-LMT soft
key to display the following window.
XTE LIMIT
0 .1nm
XTE range setting window
2. Use the trackball to select digit to change. Note that all digits may be cleared
by pressing the [CLEAR] key.
3. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value, then push it to register setting, or
press the CANCEL soft key to cancel.
3-4
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.3
Highway display
The highway display, shown in the combination displays, provides a graphic
presentation of ship’s track along intended course. It is useful for monitoring
ship’s progress toward a waypoint. The own ship marker shows relation between
ship and intended course. The XTE monitor shows the direction and amount
your vessel is off course – the arrow shows the direction to steer to return to
your course and the numeric the distance you are off course. Using the figure
below as an example, you would steer right 0.009 nm to return to course. To
maintain course, steer the vessel so the own ship marker stays aligned with the
intended course line.
Speed over ground, speed through water
Destination
waypoint
99.9 nm
10.0
kt STW 10.0 kt
SOG
0D 9H 59M
ETA 23th23:59
003WPT
Time-to-go
to destination
TTG
Range to
destination waypoint
RNG
Estimated time of
arrival at destination
WPT001
Destination waypoint
Intended
course
Own ship marker
0.9 nm
0.009nm
0.9 nm
XTE range
Direction to steer
XTE monitor
Shown when
direction to
steer is "left."
Highway display
Soft keys
EDIT XT-LMT: Sets the range for XTE monitor scale. See the procedure on the
previous page for how to set.
RESET XTE: The RESET XTE enables you to restart navigation, when a
destination is set. Press the EDIT XT-LMT soft key followed by the RESET XTE
soft key. See the previous page for details.
3-5
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.1.4
Nav data display
The nav data display provides comprehensive navigation data, and it can be
shown in a full-screen display and a combination display. The user may select
what data to display and where to display it. For details see the paragraph “5.8
Nav Data Display Setup.”
Appropriate sensors are required. Bars ( - -) appear when corresponding sensor
is not connected.
Position
TRIP LOG
POSITION
34° 34. 5678' N
120° 34. 5678' W
WPT POSITION
34° 14. 5678' N
120° 14. 5678' W
SOG
STW
COURSE
10.0
kt
BEARING
9.2°
10.0
101.6°
kt
DEPTH
0.18
ft
18.2 °C
Water temperature
Depth
Bearing to
Range to
waypoint
waypoint
Course
Speed through
water
Speed over ground
Waypoint
Position
Full-screen display
Nav data displays
3-6
0 D 2 H 30 M
ETA
1st 1:25
DATE
2001
FEB 1
TIME
01:27:05
Half-screen display
nm
TEMP
1324.1
TTG
nm
M
RANGE
M
103
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.2
Presentation Mode
Three types of presentation modes are provided for the plotter display: north-up,
course-up and auto course-up. To change the presentation mode, press the
[HIDE/SHOW] key followed by the MODE soft key. Each press of the key
changes the presentation mode and presentation mode indication (top
right-hand corner of the screen) cyclically in the sequence of North-up,
Course-up and Auto course-up.
3.2.1
North-up
North (zero degree) is at the top of the display and own ship is shown with a
filled circle. This mode is useful for long-range navigation.
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°
19.9 kt
16.0nm
NU
99.9 nm
TRIP
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
NTH UP
NAV
POS
D.BOX
ON/ OFF
WP-002
FISH
BRIDGE
Plotter display, north-up mode
3-7
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.2.2
Course-up
The course-up mode is useful for monitoring ship’s progress towards a waypoint.
The destination is at the top of the screen when a destination is set. When no
destination is set, the course or heading is at the top of the screen at the
moment the course-up mode is selected. A filled triangle marks own ship’s
position. Note that the data sentences GGA and VTG must be output from the
NavNet display unit connected to the GPS navigator in order to correctly orient
the own ship marker in the course-up mode on other NavNet display units.
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°
19.9 kt
M
TRIP CU
99.9 nm
WPT 001
16.0nm
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
CSE UP
CENTER
GO TO
CURSOR
D. BOX
ON/ OFF
Plotter display, course-up mode, destination set
3.2.3
Auto course-up
The course is at the top of screen at the moment the auto course-up mode is
selected. In this mode, the current course is kept at the top of the screen within
22.5 degrees. For example, if your vessel turns more than 22.5 degrees to port
or starboard, the chart display will rotate so that your course is pointing towards
the top of the screen again.
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
16.0 nm
359.9°
19.9 kt
CU
99.9 nm
M TRIP
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
AT CU
CENTER
GOTO
CURSOR
D. BOX
ON/ OFF
Auto course-up display
3-8
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.3
Shifting the Display
The plotter display can be shifted as below.
1. Use the trackball to display the cursor. Locate the cursor at a screen edge.
The screen shifts in the direction opposite of cursor location.
2. To turn off the cursor, press the CENTER soft key. This also returns the own
ship marker to the screen center.
3.4
Chart Scale
Chart scale (range) may be selected with the [RANGE -] or [RANGE +] key. The
[-] key expands the chart range; the [+] key shrinks it. The available ranges are
shown as below.
Charts scales
nm
km
sm
0.125
0.23
0.144
0.25
0.46
0.29
0.5
0.93
0.58
1
1.85
1.15
2
3.70
2.30
4
7.41
4.60
8
14.8
9.21
16
29.6
18.4
32
59.3
36.8
64
119
73.7
128
237
147
256
474
295
512
948
589
1024
1896
1178
2048
3742
2356
Note: When the display is expanded or shrunk beyond the range of the chart
card in use the message “NO CHART” appears, along with the appropriate
chart icon. See the illustration on the next page for details.
3-9
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5
Chart Cards
3.5.1
Chart card overview
Your plotter uses FURUNO and NavCharts™ (NAVIONICS) charts, or C-MAP
charts, depending on the type of display unit you have.
When you insert a suitable chart card in the slot and your boat is any
cartographic object, a chart appears. If a wrong card is inserted or a wrong chart
scale is selected, landmasses will appear hollow. Chart icons appear at the top
of the display to help you select a suitable chart scale. The table below shows
the chart icons and their meanings.
Chart icons and their meanings
Icon
Meaning
Proper card is not inserted or
chart scale is too small.
Operate the RANGE key to
adjust chart scale.
Chart scale is too large.
Operate the RANGE key to
adjust chart scale.
Suitable chart scale is
selected.
3.5.2
Indices and chart enlargement
When the [RANGE] key is operated, you will see several frames appear on the
chart. These frames are called indices and they show you what parts of the chart
can be enlarged in the current range.
Sample chart (Japan), showing indices
3-10
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
When a chart cannot be displayed
A chart will not be displayed in the following conditions:
•
When the chart scale is too large or too small.
•
When scrolling the chart outside the indices.
When this happens, select proper chart scale.
Note: Indices can be turned on or off. For further details, see “Chart border
lines” on page 5-12 for FURUNO and NAVIONICS charts and page 5-14
for C-MAP charts.
3.5.3
FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts
Chart symbols
The table below shows FURUNO and NavCharts™ chart symbols and their
meanings.
Chart symbols
Symbol
Description
Symbol
Description
Summit
Position of Sounding
Wreck
Obstruction
Lighthouse
Fishing Reef
Lighted Buoy
Platform
Buoy
Anchorage
Radio Station
3-11
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Data for aids to navigation
Selected FURUNO and NavCharts™ charts can show buoy and lighthouse data.
Simply place the cursor on the lighthouse or buoy mark.
Place the cursor on
a lighthouse or buoy mark.
Lighthouse mark
Example of data displayed
Range and bearing
from own ship
Period (ex.: 6 seconds)
Visibility in nautical
mile (ex.: 12 miles)
NAVAID: /FL 6S 12M
FROM OS
52.38nm 48.0°
FL : Flashing
F
: Fixed light
F FL : Fixed and Flashing light
MO : Morse code light
Oc : Occulting light
Example of buoy, lighthouse data
3-12
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Port service icons (NavCharts™ only)
Selected NavCharts show services available at ports, with icons.
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the sailboat icon (denotes a port or
harbor) desired.
2. Push the [ENTER] knob.
3. Roll the trackball horizontally to select icon desired at the top of the display.
The services available appear directly below the icon selected.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to finish.
Detailed information of service
selected
List of services
at the port selected
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M TRIP NU
19.9 kt
99.9 nm
FIRST AID
Emergency
medical service
Fueling station
Water
supply station
Traveler's
service station
Customer
service station
Marine
equipment service
16.0nm
CANCEL
Sailboat icon (Port)
Port
Information center
Plotter display, showing port service display
3-13
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.5.4
C-MAP charts
Cursor and data display
Besides its fundamental functions of providing position data, the cursor can also
show information about caution area, depth area, source of data, etc. on C-MAP
charts. In addition, you can display information about an icon by placing the
cursor on it.
1. Press the trackball to turn the cursor on.
2. Use the trackball to place the cursor on the position desired.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the Objects window.
Objects
Navigation mark, fixed
Beacon, generic
Light
Light
Depth area
Source of data
W
Objects window
4. Use the trackball to select the item desired.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to display details for object selected.
Navigation Mark, fixed
Light
Color
White
Height
12.0 Meters
Light characteristic
flashing
Sectorlimit one
64.0 Degrees
Sectorlimit two
138.0 Degrees
Signal group
(3)
Signal period
10.0 Seconds
Example of caution area window
6. Press the RETURN soft key to close the window.
7. Press the RETURN soft key.
3-14
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Icon data
You may place the cursor on any icon to find information about the selected icon.
1. For example, place the cursor on a lighthouse icon.
Place the cursor on a lighthouse icon.
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M
TRIP NU
19.9 kt
99.9 nm
16.0nm
MARK
ENTRY
MODE
NTH UP
CENTER
GO TO
CURSOR
D. BOX
ON /OFF
Lighthouse icon
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to show data. For example, the following window
appears for a lighthouse.
Objects
Lighthouse
Tower
Light
Underwater Lock
Depth contour
Depth contour
Depth area
Source of data
Object windows
3. Use the trackball to select the item desired.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to display detailed information.
3-15
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Navigation mark, fixed
Light.
Color
white
Height
7. 00 Meters
Light characteristic
occulting
XXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXX
Sample lighthouse data
5. Press the RETURN soft key.
Tide information
The C-MAP NT chart card provides for calculation of the tide heights for any
date. Additionally it displays the times of sunrise and sunset.
1. Press the trackball to place the cursor on a Tide icon (
2. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the Objects window.
34 24. 3456 N 359.9
+124
OBJECTS
24. 3456 W 59.9kt
NU
024nm
Tide height
Cartographic area
Source of data
T
RETURN
Objects window
3. Use the trackball to select Tide height.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to open the TIDE window.
3-16
T
).
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Horizontal
Cursor
0.86
t
TRIP NU
99.9 nm
0.74
DATE
0.61
0.48
Vertical
Cursor
0.35
0
4
8
12
16 20
24
Time: 04:35
Height: 0.45ft
Draught: 0.65ft
01/07/30 +13:30
43° 32.860N
010° 18.022E
Port info
RETURN
LIVORNO (LEGHORN)
High Water(max) 0.86ft(13:30 L)
Low Water(min) 0.35ft(21:00 L)
Sunrise 07:52L Sunset 16:53 L
Tide window
5. Press the DATE soft key to open the DATE window.
CHANGE DATE
(DAY. MONTH. YEAR)
01. 01. 2001
LIMIT: 31.12.2099
Date window
6. Use the trackball to position the cursor where desired, then rotate the
[ENTER] knob to set value. Repeat to enter complete date.
7. Push the [ENTER] knob to show the tidal graph for entered date.
8. Use the trackball to locate the vertical cursor on the hour desired.
9. Use the trackball to shift the level cursor to select draught.
10. See the time, height and draught indications below the tide graph for tide
information.
11. Press the RETURN soft key to close the TIDE window.
3-17
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6
Working with Track
Your ship’s track is plotted on the screen using navigation data fed from
position-fixing equipment. This section shows you what you can do with track,
from turning it on or off to changing its plotting interval. The own ship’s track is
turned on in the default setting.
3.6.1
Displaying track
Own ship track
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
ON
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
ON
INTERVAL
TIME
TIME INTERVAL
00m10s
DISTANCE INTERVAL
0.1nm
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
2000 POINTS
(MARK MEMORY)
(6000)POINTS
TRACK
CONTROL
EDIT
TRACK
RESUME
ERASE
T&M
MARK
SETUP
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Track control menu
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Use the trackball to select OWN SHIP TRACK DISP.
Press the EDIT soft key to show the track display window.
Use the trackball to select ON (default setting) or OFF as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: The number of track and mark points used appears at the SHIP’S TRACK
STATUS window on the TRACK CONTROL menu. Using the figure above
as an example, 1234 points of track and 9 marks have been recorded.
3-18
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Target track
Target track, NMEA format TTM (Tracked Target Message) data sentence, may
be turned on or off as desired. The default setting is ON.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TARGET TRACK DISPLAY.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the target track display window.
4. Use the trackball to select to ON or OFF as appropriate.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.6.2
Stopping, restarting plotting of own ship track
When your boat is at anchor or returning to port you probably won’t need to
record its track. You can stop recording the track, to conserve the track memory,
as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
TRACK
CONTROL
▲
▲
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
ON
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
ON
INTERVAL
TIME
TIME INTERVAL
00m10s
DISTANCE INTERVAL
0.1nm
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
2000 POINTS
(MARK MEMORY)
(6000)POINTS
EDIT
TRACK
RESUME
TRACK
RESUME
ERASE
T&M
TRACK
HALT
MARK
SETUP
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP
ON
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY
ON
INTERVAL
TIME
TIME INTERVAL
00m10s
DISTANCE INTERVAL
0.1nm
MEMORY(TRACK & MARK)
2000 POINTS
(MARK MEMORY)
(6000)POINTS
TRACK
CONTROL
EDIT
TRACK
HALT
ERASE
T&M
MARK
SETUP
RETURN
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
NOT TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Track is plotted
Track not plotted
Track control menu
2. Press the TRACK RESUME soft key. The soft key now shows “TRACK
HALT” and the indication “TRACKING” in the SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
window changes to “NOT TRACKING.” In addition, the icon “H” is displayed
at the top of the plotter display and own ship marker becomes a hollow circle.
To restart plotting the track, press the TRACK HALT soft key.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-19
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6.3
Track plotting method and interval for own ship track
In drawing the own ship track, first the ship’s position fed from position-fixing
equipment is stored into the unit’s memory at an interval of time or distance. A
shorter interval provides for better reconstruction of the track, but the storage
time of the track is reduced. When the track memory becomes full, the oldest
track is erased to make room for the latest.
Track plotting method
Track may be plotted by time or distance. The default setting is “time.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP OPTION and
TRACKS & MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL
menu.
2. Use the trackball to select INTERVAL.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the plot window.
INTERVAL
▲
¤ TIME
¡ DISTANCE
▼
Interval window
4. Use the trackball to select TIME or DISTANCE as appropriate. Distance is
useful for conserving track memory, since no track is recorded when the boat
is stationary.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Track plotting interval
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TIME INTERVAL or DISTANCE INTERVAL as
appropriate.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the time or distance interval window,
depending on what you selected at step 2.
TIME INTERVAL
Setting range: 0 min 1 sec (continuous) - 99 min 59 sec
Default setting: 10 sec
00m10s
(When selecting TIME INTERVAL.)
DISTANCE INTERVAL
Setting range: 0.01 nm (continuous) - 99.99 nm (km, sm)
Default setting: 0.1 nm
00.10nm
(When selecting DISTANCE INTERVAL.)
Interval windows
3-20
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. Use the trackball to select digit and rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
The CLEAR soft key functions to clear an entire line of data.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob or ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.6.4
Changing own ship track/mark distribution setting
The equipment stores a total of 8000 points of track and marks. This amount
may be distributed as desired, and the default setting is 2000 points of track and
6000 marks.
When you change the track memory setting, all tracks and marks in the memory
are erased. If necessary save the data to a memory card. For further details see
the paragraph “6.1.2 Saving data to a memory card.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP and TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL soft keys to open the TRACK CONTROL menu.
2. Use the trackball to select MEMORY (TRACK & MARK).
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the track memory window.
TRACK MEMORY
2000/8000 POINTS
Track memory window
4. Use the trackball to select digit and rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are
sure to change the track memory capacity.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-21
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.6.5
Erasing track
This paragraph shows you how to erase own ship’s track and target tracks. You
can erase own ship’s track collectively and by area.
Erasing own ship track by area
You can erase own ship’s track by area as below.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
ERASE ALL TRACKS
ERASE TRACKS BY AREA
ERASE
EDIT
ERASE TARGET TRACKS
ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES
ERASE MARKS BY AREA
RETURN
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
Erase menu
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE TRACKS BY AREA, then press the EDIT
soft key. The menu is erased and the plotter display appears.
3. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the top left-hand corner of the area
which you want to erase track from.
4. Push the START soft key or the [ENTER] knob.
5. Move the cursor to the bottom right-hand corner of the area which you want
to erase track from.
6. Push the END soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are sure to
delete the track.
7. Push the [ENTER] knob to delete the track selected.
8. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-22
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Erasing all own ship track
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE ALL TRACKS, then press the EDIT soft
key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all own ship track.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Erasing all target tracks
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE TARGET TRACKS, then press the EDIT
soft key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all target tracks.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-23
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.7
Marks, Lines
Marks are useful for denoting important points such as a good fishing spot, and
can be inscribed in seven shapes.
¡
✕
Mark shapes
3.7.1
Entering a mark, line
1. Place the cursor where you want a mark to appear.
2. Press the [SHOW/HIDE] key (if necessary) followed by the MARK ENTRY
soft key.
The mark is inscribed in the size and shape selected on the MARKS & LINES
menu. The default mark attributes are size, large and shape, hollow circle (○).
3.7.2
Changing mark attributes
You can select the shape and size for marks on the MARKS & LINES menu.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
2. Press the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS CONTROL and MARK
SETUP soft keys to show the MARKS & LINES menu.
MARKS SHAPE
MARKS &
LINES
LINES STYLE
EDIT
¡
.
MARKS SIZE
LARGE
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
RETURN
Marks & lines menu
3-24
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3. Select MARKS SHAPE, then press the EDIT soft key.
MARKS SHAPE
▲
¤ ¡
¡
¡
¡ ✕
¡
¡
¡
▼
Marks shape window
4. Use the trackball to select mark shape desired, then press the ENTER soft
key.
5. Select MARKS SIZE, then press the EDIT soft key.
6. Use the trackball to select LARGE (default setting) or SMALL as appropriate.
7. Press the ENTER soft key.
8. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3.7.3
Selecting line type
You may inscribe lines to denote good fishing spots, areas of special interest, etc.
You can even construct simple charts.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and MARK SETUP soft keys to show the MARKS & LINES
menu.
MARKS SHAPE
MARKS &
LINES
LINES STYLE
EDIT
¡
.
MARKS SIZE
LARGE
SHIP’S TRACK STATUS
TRACKING
TRACK: 1234/2000
MARK :
9/6000
RETURN
Marks & lines menu
3-25
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
2. Select LINES STYLE, then press the EDIT soft key.
LINES STYLE
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
- - - -
▼
Lines style window
3. Use the trackball to select line style desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
Line style “dot” disables line drawing. The joint between lines is determined
by mark shape. For example, selecting circle as the mark shape will join
lines with a circle as below.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3.7.4
Erasing marks, lines
Erasing an individual mark
1. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the mark you want to erase.
2. Press the [CLEAR] key to erase the mark.
Erasing an individual line
Place the cursor on an end of the line to erase, then press the [CLEAR] key.
Placing the cursor at the intersecting point of two line segments will erase both
line segments.
Erasing marks, lines by area
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE MARKS BY AREA, then press the EDIT
soft key. The menu is erased and the plotter display appears.
3. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the top left-hand corner of the area
which you want to erase marks and lines from.
4. Press the START soft key or the [ENTER] knob.
5. Move the cursor to the bottom right-hand corner of the area which you want
to erase marks and lines from.
6. Press the END soft key or the [ENTER] knob. You are asked if you are sure
to delete the marks/lines selected. Press the [ENTER] knob to delete.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-26
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Erasing all marks, lines
You can erase all marks and lines collectively. Be absolutely sure you want to
erase all marks and lines - erased marks and lines cannot be restored.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART SETUP, TRACKS & MARKS
CONTROL and ERASE T & M soft keys to show the ERASE menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES, then press the EDIT
soft key.
3. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase all marks and lines.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
3-27
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8
Waypoints
In navigation terminology, a waypoint is a particular location on a voyage
whether it be a starting, intermediate or destination point. A waypoint is the
simplest piece of information your equipment requires to get you to a destination,
in the shortest distance possible.
This unit has 999 waypoints into which you can enter position information. You
may enter a waypoint five ways: at own ship position, at MOB position (see page
1-15 for details), by cursor, by range and bearing, and through the waypoint list
(manual input of latitude and longitude).
3.8.1
Entering waypoints
Entering a waypoint at own ship position
Press the [SAVE/MOB] key momentarily to store your position as a waypoint.
This new waypoint is saved to the waypoint list, under the youngest empty
waypoint number.
Entering a waypoint with the cursor
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and WAYPOINT BY
CURSOR soft keys. The plotter display appears.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor where you want to enter a waypoint.
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key. The waypoint window appears and it shows
waypoint mark shape, waypoint name, comment (default: date and time),
position of waypoint and proximity alarm radius.
NEW
WPT
MARK NAME
▲
0 0 1 W 359.9°
PT
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
COMMENT
002WPT
02:36 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN00
34°44.000'N
359.9°
0.00nm
L135°21.000'W
AT
34° 12. 134'N
003WPT
LON
1 3 400:00
° 1 201JAN00
. 345'W
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
MARK
SHAPE
COORD
TYPE
N < - -> S
E < - -> W
SAVE
359.9°
0.00nm
RETURN
PROXIMITY ALARM RADIUS
0. 00nm
Waypoint window
5. If you do not need to change the waypoint data, press the SAVE soft key
to register the waypoint. The steps which follow show you how to change
waypoint data.
3-28
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
6. Press the MARK SHAPE soft key to open the mark shape selection window.
SELECT MARK
Waypoint ark shape selection window
7. Operate the trackball to select shape desired.
8. Press the ENTER soft key.
Note: You cannot change the shape and color of a waypoint when the
proximity alarm radius for it is other than “zero.” To change shape or
color, enter all zeroes as the proximity alarm radius.
9. You can change the name (6 characters), comment (13 characters), L/L
position and the proximity alarm radius for a waypoint as follows:
a) Use the trackball to select the NAME, COMMENT, position box or
PROXIMITY ALARM RADIUS field. (“Proximity alarm radius” provides for
visual and aural alarms when your boat nears a waypoint by the distance
specified. The proximity alarm must be turned on in the ALARM menu to
use this feature. For details see the paragraph “3.11.6 Proximity alarm.”)
b) Use the trackball to select location.
c) Rotate the [ENTER] knob to set appropriate alphanumeric character.
10. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
11. Enter another waypoint, or press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-29
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Entering a waypoint by range and bearing
This method is useful when you want to enter a waypoint using range and
bearing to a target found on a radar.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and WAYPOINT BY RNG &
BRG soft keys.
3. An “X” appears at own ship position, and it is the origin point for range and
bearing. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the location desired.
Range and bearing from own ship to the cursor appear at the top of the
display.
Note: The origin point of range and bearing can be shifted to the location
desired. Operate the trackball to select location, then press the START
POINT soft key.
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key. The waypoint window appears and it shows
mark shape, waypoint name, comment (default: date and time), position of
waypoint and proximity alarm radius.
NEW
WPT
MARK NAME
▲
0 0 1 W 359.9°
PT
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
0.00nm
COMMENT
002WPT
02:36 01JAN01
00:00 01JAN00
34°44.000'N
359.9°
0.00nm
L135°21.000'W
AT
34° 12. 134'N
L O N 003WPT
1 3 400:00
° 1 201JAN00
. 345'W
34°44.000'N
135°21.000'W
MARK
SHAPE
COORD
TYPE
N < - -> S
E < - -> W
SAVE
359.9°
0.00nm
RETURN
PROXIMITY ALARM RADIUS
0. 00nm
Waypoint window
5. If necessary, change waypoint data following the instructions from step 6 in
“Entering a waypoint with the cursor” on page 3-29.
6. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
7. Enter another waypoint as above, or press the [MENU] key to finish.
3-30
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Entering a waypoint from the waypoint list
You can manually enter waypoint position from the waypoint list as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
3. Press the LOCAL LIST (lists waypoints in order from nearest to furthest) or
ALPHANUMERIC LIST (lists waypoints in ALPHANUMERIC order) soft key.
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
350.9°
3.80 nm
CRAB
00:00 01JAN01
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
050.9°
1.98 nm
FISH
00:00 01JAN01
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
065.9°
1.83 nm
LOBSTER
00:00 01JAN01
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
144.9°
4.93nm
WPT
LOCAL
▲
▲
▲
ABALONE
00:00 01JAN01
WPT
ALPHA
GOTO
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
ERASE
WPT
RETURN
FISH
00:00 01JAN01
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
065.9°
1.83 nm
CRAB
00:00 01JAN01
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
050.9°
1.98 nm
ABALONE
00:00 01JAN01
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
350.9°
3.80 nm
LOBSTER
00:00 01JAN01
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
144.9°
4.93nm
GOTO
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
ERASE
WPT
RETURN
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
---
Alphanumeric waypoint list
Local waypoint list
Alphanumeric and local waypoint lists
4. Press the NEW WPT soft key to show the waypoint window (see the figure
on the previous page). Own ship position is shown in the position box.
5. Select the position box and enter position desired.
6. If desired, change waypoint data following the instructions from step 6 in
“Entering a waypoint with the cursor” on page 3-29.
7. Press the SAVE soft key to register the waypoint.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.8.2
Editing waypoint data
Waypoint data may be edited from the waypoint list or directly from the plotter
display.
Editing waypoint data from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key as appropriate.
Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to edit.
Press the EDIT WPT soft key.
Edit data as appropriate.
3-31
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
7. Press the SAVE soft key.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Editing a waypoint from the plotter display
You may edit waypoints from the plotter display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and
WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINT BY CURSOR soft key.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint which you want to
change. A flashing diamond mark appears on the waypoint when it is
correctly selected.
4. Press the EDIT/MOVE soft key. Three soft keys replace the EDIT/MOVE soft
key:
EDIT WPT: Edit from the waypoint entry window.
MOVE WPT: Move waypoint to new position with the cursor.
ERASE WPT: Erase waypoint. See paragraph 3.8.3.
5. Press appropriate soft key. For the “EDIT WPT,“ the waypoint entry window
appears; edit data as appropriate. For “MOVE WPT,” do the following:
a) Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the location desired for the
waypoint. A line connects previous position and new position.
b) Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint moves to the cursor position and its
position is changed on the waypoint list. If the waypoint is set as
destination or is part of a route, you are asked if you are sure to move the
waypoint. In this case, push the [ENTER] knob to move the waypoint, or
press the [CLEAR] key to cancel.
c) Press the [MENU] key to finish.
Range and bearing from
own ship to cursor
+
34° 22. 3456'N
080° 22. 3456'E
359.9°M TRIP NU
59.9 nm
99.9 nm
16.0nm
(1) Select waypoint to move,
then press EDIT/MOVE
and MOVE WPT soft keys.
Press to alternately display
range/bearing from own ship
to cursor, range/bearing from
original waypoint position to
cursor position.
Below is an example of the
range/bearing from original
waypoint position to cursor
position.
RNG
BRG
FISH
(2) Drag cursor to new position,
then push the [ENTER] knob.
CANCEL
BRIDGE
WP-002
+
Plotter display
3-32
34° 22. 3456’N
080° 22. 3456’E
FROM
FISH
5.3°M
1.45 nm
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.3
Erasing waypoints
Erasing a waypoint directly from the plotter display
1. Press the trackball to turn on the cursor.
2. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint you want to erase.
A flashing diamond mark appears over the waypoint when the waypoint is
correctly selected.
3. Press the [CLEAR] key. You are asked if you are sure to erase the waypoint.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint is erased from the plotter screen and
the waypoint list.
Erasing a waypoint from the menu
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and
WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINT BY CURSOR soft key.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint which you want to
erase. A flashing diamond mark appears on the waypoint when it is correctly
selected.
4. Press the EDIT/MOVE soft key followed by the ERASE WPT soft key. You
are asked if you are sure to erase the waypoint.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase the waypoint.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. The waypoint is erased from the
plotter screen and the waypoint list.
Erasing a waypoint from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and WAYPOINTS soft keys.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key.
Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to erase.
Press the ERASE WPT soft key. You are asked if you are sure to erase the
waypoint.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob. The waypoint is erased from both the waypoint list
and the plotter screen (if it is currently displayed).
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-33
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.4
Changing waypoint mark size (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
You may change the size of all waypoint marks to small or large (default), or you
may turn them off.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
LAT/LON GRID
ON
TEXT INFORMATION
ON
WAYPOINTS
LARGE
WAYPOINT NAMES
ON
CHART BORDER LINES
ON
LANDMASS
BRIGHT
NAVAIDS
ON
LIGHT SECTOR INFO
ON
OTHER SYMBOLS
ON
MARKS SIZE
LARGE
CHART
DETAILS
EDIT
CNTOUR
LINE
RETURN
Chart details menu
3. Use the trackball to select WAYPOINTS.
4. Press the EDIT soft key.
5. Use the trackball to select LARGE, SMALL or OFF.
LARGE: Shows mark in actual shape.
SMALL: Displays all waypoints with an “X” regardless of mark shape
selected.
OFF:
Turns off all waypoints and their names. Waypoints currently used
in navigation are shown regardless of this setting.
6. Press the ENTER soft key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-34
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.8.5
Searching waypoints
You can search for a waypoint through the alphanumeric waypoint list as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES, WAYPOINTS and ALPHANUMERIC LIST
soft keys to show the alphanumeric list.
▲
▲
ABALONE
00:00 01JAN01
35°47.010'N
135°21.000'W
350.9°
3.80 nm
CRAB
00:00 01JAN01
34°42.000'N
135°21.050'W
050.9°
1.98 nm
FISH
00:00 01JAN01
34°41.000'N
135°21.030'W
065.9°
1.83 nm
LOBSTER
00:00 01JAN01
38°44.300'N
135°21.010'W
144.9°
4.93nm
WPT
ALPHA
GOTO
NEW
WPT
EDIT
WPT
ERASE
WPT
RETURN
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
---
Search window
Alphanumeric list
3. Use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter up to three alphanumeric
characters in the search window. Adjust the trackball horizontally to select
location. Then, the waypoint searched appears at the top of the screen.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-35
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9
Routes
Often a trip from one place to another involves several course changes,
requiring a series of route points (waypoints) which you navigate to, one after
another. The sequence of waypoints leading to the ultimate destination is called
a route. Your unit can automatically advance to the next waypoint on a route, so
you do not have to change the destination waypoint repeatedly.
You can store up to 200 routes, and a route may have 35 waypoints.
3.9.1
Creating routes
Entering a route with existing waypoints
This method constructs routes by using existing waypoints.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the ROUTES soft key to open the ROUTE menu. (No data will be
shown if there are no routes entered.)
Route name
▲
Total length of route
001
ROUTE
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
35
25.6 nm
GOTO
002
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
2
56.7 nm
003
NEW
ROUTE
EDIT
ROUTE
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
3
21.1 nm
ERASE
ROUTE
004
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
3
21.1 nm
Number of waypoints
in route
RETURN
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
---
Route menu
4. Press the NEW ROUTE soft key to open the new route entry screen.
ROUTE NAME
001
NEW
ROUTE
PLOT
COMMENT
LOCAL
LIST
ALPHA
LIST
CONECT
CANCEL
New route entry screen
3-36
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
5. If desired you can change the route name shown and/or add a comment. A
route name may consist of six characters; comment, 13 characters.
6. Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHA LIST soft key to open the waypoint list.
7. Use the trackball to select a waypoint, then press the ADD WPT soft key to
add it to the route.
8. Repeat step 7 to complete the route.
Note: To clear last-entered waypoint, press the ERASE LST WP soft key.
Each press of this key deletes the last waypoint entered.
9. Press the SAVE soft key to register the route.
10. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Entering a route with the cursor
This method allows you to construct a route directly from the plotter display,
using existing waypoints or new positions. Any new position will be saved as a
waypoint, under the youngest empty waypoint number.
1. Follow steps 1-5 in “Entering a route from the route list” on the previous
page.
2. Press the PLOT soft key to show the plotter display.
3. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on an existing waypoint (ADD WP
soft key appears) or new location (ADD NEW WP soft key appears).
4. Press the ADD WP soft key (or ADD NEW WP soft key).
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to complete the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to register the route.
3-37
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Creating voyage-based routes
You can create routes based on your ship’s track. The route can be created
automatically by time or distance, or manually. This feature is useful when you
wish to retrace previous track.
The “SAVE” icon ( V E ) appears at the top of the screen when a voyage-based
route is being created.
SA
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the CREATE VOYAGE-BASED ROUTE soft key.
▲
001
ROUTE
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
35
25.6 nm
NEW
002
SELECT
ROUTE
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
2
56.7 nm
003
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
3
21.1 nm
004
LENGTH
WAYPOINTS
3
21.1 nm
RETURN
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO
SEARCH FOR
---
Save route menu
4. Press the NEW soft key to show the new route window.
Note: If you want to tack voyage-based points onto the end of an existing
route, select the route desired, then press the SELECT ROUTE soft
key instead of the NEW soft key.
ROUTE NAME
Next consecutive route number
006
SAVE
ROUTE
BCKTRK
TIME
COMMENT
BCKTRK
DIST
USE FURUNO BACK TRACK FUNCTION
TO AUTOMATICALLY CREATE ROUTE
BY TIME OR DISTANCE.
MANUAL
CANCEL
Save route window
5. If required, you may change the route name and enter a comment.
3-38
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
6. Choose how to record points for your route, by time, by range or manual
entry, by pressing BCKTRK TIME, BCKTRK RANGE or MANUAL soft key as
appropriate. For manual entry, go to step 8. For BCKTRK TIME, BCKTRK
DIST one of the following displays appears.
TIME INTERVAL
DISTANCE INTERVAL
00h01m
(When selecting BCKTRK TIME.)
00.1nm
(When selecting BCKTRK DIST.)
Displays for entry of time, distance interval
7. Use the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value. Press
the START LOG and RETURN soft keys followed by the [MENU] key to close
the menu. At this moment, a voyage-based route will be created.
8. For manual entry of waypoints, do the following:
a) Press the [SAVE/MOB] key momentarily to enter a waypoint mark at own
ship position. A new waypoint is created under the youngest empty
waypoint number and added to the route. (At this time you may close the
SAVE ROUTE screen by pressing the RETURN soft key followed by the
[MENU] key.)
b) Repeat step a) as necessary. 35 waypoints may be entered.
To stop recording waypoints and save the route
You can stop recording waypoints and save the route as shown in the procedure
below. When 35 waypoints have been entered the message “Total 35 WPTS
have been already registered in the route. Stop creating voyage-based route.” is
displayed. In this case, save the route as shown below.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES and CREATE
VOYAGE-BASED ROUTE soft keys.
2. Press the FINISH LOG soft key to stop recording waypoints and save the
route.
3. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-39
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.2
Connecting routes
Two routes which you have created can be connected as follows to form a new
route.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Press the NEW ROUTE soft key.
If desired enter route name and comment.
Press the CONECT soft key.
Use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter the route name for the first
route, beneath FIRST in the connect route window.
ROUTE NAME
NEW
ROUTE
001
F < -- > R
COMMENT
CONNECT ROUTE
FIRST
SECOND
______
______
FORWARD
FORWARD
SAVE
CANCEL
Connect route window
8. Press the F<− −>R soft key to select direction to follow the waypoints of the
route, forward or reverse.
9. Enter the route name of the second route as you did for the first route.
10. Press the SAVE soft key.
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: The maximum number of waypoints in a route is 35. If this number is
exceeded an error message appears. In this case, delete waypoints in one
or both routes so the total number of waypoints does not exceed 35.
3-40
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.3
Inserting a waypoint in a route
Waypoints can be inserted in a route as follows:
Inserting a waypoint from the route list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key. The route name screen appears.
Press the LOCAL LIST soft key.
EDIT
ROUTE
ROUTE NAME: 001
COMMENT:
01 001WPT
34°44.111'N
135°21.134'W
LEG
▲
29.9°
12.0nm
02 003WPT
34°43.432'N
135°41.456'W
159.9°
6.00nm
03 002WPT
34°14.124'N
135°21.567'W
50.5°
29.8nm
04 005WPT
34°44.569'N
135°21.152'W
359.9°
3.0nm
05 008WPT
34°54.124'N
135°21.888'W
INSERT
WPT
REMOVE
WPT
CHANGE
WPT
COORD
TYPE
RETURN
Edit route menu
7. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the location where you want to insert
a waypoint.
8. Press the INSERT WPT or CHANGE WPT soft key as appropriate. The local
waypoint list appears.
LOCAL LIST
▲
001
001WPT
34°44.111'N
135°21.134'W
002
002WPT
34°43.432'N
135°41.456'W
003
003WPT
34°14.124'N
135°21.567'W
004
004WPT
34°34.490'N
135°51.387'W
Waypoint list for editing a route (local list)
3-41
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
9. Use the trackball to select the waypoint you want to insert. (You can switch
between the local list and alphanumeric list by using the LOCAL LIST and
ALPHA LIST soft keys.)
10. Press the SELECT WPT or CHANGE WPT soft key, whichever is displayed.
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Inserting a waypoint from the plotter display
Inserting a waypoint before first waypoint or after last waypoint in a route
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key.
Press the PLOT soft key to show the plotter screen.
Operate the cursor to place the cursor on the first (or last) waypoint of the
route. A flashing diamond appears over the waypoint when it is correctly
selected.
8. Press the ADD TO START soft key or the ADD TO END soft key depending
on the waypoint you selected at step 7.
9. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on an existing waypoint (ADD WPT
soft key appears) or new location (ADD NEW WP soft key appears).
10. Press the ADD WPT soft key (ADD NEW WP soft key).
11. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Inserting a waypoint in an intermediate location on a route
1. Follow steps 1 through 6 in “Inserting a waypoint before the first or last
waypoint in a route.”
2. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on a line connecting waypoints. The
SPLIT LEG soft key appears and the line flashes when it is correctly
selected.
3. Press the SPLIT LEG soft key.
4. Move the cursor to a new location or select an existing waypoint, in which
case the INSERT NEW WP soft key replaces the INSERT WPT soft key.
5. Press the INSERT WPT soft key (INSERT NEW WP soft key).
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-42
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.9.4
Removing waypoints from a route
Removing a waypoint from the route list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE and LOCAL LIST soft keys.
Select the waypoint you want to remove.
Press the REMOVE WPT soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Removing a waypoint from the plotter display
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Select a route.
Press the EDIT ROUTE soft key.
Press the PLOT soft key to show the plot screen.
Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint you want to remove
from the route.
8. Press the REMOVE WPT soft key. The route is redrawn, eliminating the
waypoint removed.
9. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.9.5
Erasing routes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key.
Use the trackball to select a route.
Press the ERASE ROUTE soft key. You are asked if you are sure to erase
the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to erase the route, or the [CLEAR] key to escape.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-43
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.10
Navigation
This section shows you how to get to a desired destination by “quick points,”
waypoints, port services and routes.
Note: Reciprocal setting and canceling of destination is available by outputting
the data sentence ZDA from the NavNet unit connected to the navigator.
3.10.1
Navigating to a “quick point”
The “quick point” feature allows you to navigate to point(s) without retaining the
data indefinitely in your unit’s memory.
Selecting quick point entry method
You need to tell your unit how to set the quick point: 1 POINT, 35 POINTS (up to
35 points) or 35PTS/PORT SVC. (For how to navigate to points/port services
see “3.10.3 Navigating to ports, port services” on page 3-46.)
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
3. Use the trackball to select SET GOTO METHOD, then press the EDIT soft
key.
GOTO METHOD
¤ 1 POINT
¡ 35 POINTS
¡ 35PTS/PORT SVC
Go to method window
4. Use the trackball to select a method.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Navigating to a single quick point
1. Select “1 POINT” following the procedure in the above paragraph.
2. Place the cursor on an existing waypoint (GOTO WPT soft key appears) or a
new location (GOTO CURSOR soft key appears).
3. Depending on the selection you made at step 1, press the GOTO CURSOR
or GOTO WPT soft key.
A line with arrows connects between own ship and destination, which is marked
as “<QP01>” for cursor-selected waypoint or waypoint name in case of waypoint.
This line shows the shortest course to the destination. Arrows on the line show
the direction to follow to get to the quick point. Range and bearing from own ship
to the destination appear at the top of screen. The quick point location is saved
to the waypoint list as waypoint “QP01.”
3-44
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Navigating to multiple quick points
1. Select “35 POINTS” following the procedure in “Selecting quick point entry
method” on the previous page.
2. Press the GOTO soft key.
3. Place the cursor on an existing waypoint (SELECT WPT soft key appears) or
a new location (ADD QP soft key appears).
4. Depending on the action taken at step 3, press the SELECT WPT or ADD
QP soft key. “QP<01>” appears at the cursor location if a quick point is
selected. To erase last-entered quick point (waypoint), press the ERASE LST
QP (ERASE LST WP) soft key.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to complete the route.
6. Push the [ENTER] knob to finish.
A line with arrows connects between own ship and all points. Arrows on the line
show the direction to follow to get to your destination. Quick points are
numbered in sequential order from QP<01> and are saved to the waypoint list.
Range and bearing from own ship to the first destination appear at the top of
screen. The quick points are saved as a route, under the name “Q>RTE” (Quick
Route).
3.10.2
Navigating to waypoints
Selecting a waypoint from the plotter display
1. Operate the trackball to select a waypoint.
2. Press the GOTO WPT soft key.
Note: GOTO method should be selected to “1 POINT” on the PLOTTER SETUP
menu.
Selecting a waypoint from the waypoint list
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the WAYPOINTS soft key to open the waypoint menu.
Press the LOCAL LIST or ALPHANUMERIC LIST soft key as desired.
Use the trackball to select a waypoint.
Press the GOTO soft key, and the plotter display appears.
For either of the above methods, a line with arrows runs between waypoint
selected and own ship’s position. Arrows on the line show the direction to the
follow to get to the waypoint. Waypoint data appears at the top of screen.
3-45
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.10.3
Navigating to ports, port services (NavCharts™ only)
NavCharts™ have a port service list which shows services available at ports or
harbors. (See page 3-13.) You can use the list to set your destination as follows:
1. Select “35 PTS/PORT SVC” following the procedure in “Selecting quick point
entry method” on page 3-44.
2. Place the cursor on location desired, then press the GOTO soft key. Soft key
titles change as in the figure below.
+ 40°45.971'N
13°57.462'E
FROM
OS
0.26 nm
180.2°M
16.0nm
GOTO
QUICK
ROUTE
NEAR
SRVC
PORT
PUNTA CORNACCHIA
ACCO AMENO
ISCHIA
PORTO
CASAMICCIOLA
CANCEL
GOTO
I. ISCHIA
Plotter display
3. Press the PORT or NEAR SRVC soft key depending on objective. PORT
shows a list of ports in your area. NEAR SRVC displays the port service list.
SELECT PORT & SRVC
PORT & SERVICE
▲
¤
¡
¡
¡
ACCIAROLI
ACQUAMORTA
AGNONE S. NICOLA
AGROPOLI
AMALFI
BAIA
CAPRI
CASA MICCIOLA-ISCHIA
Port list (Italy)
¡
¡
¡
¡
▼
Port services
Port services and sample port list
3-46
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. If you selected PORT at step 3, use the trackball to select a port, then press
the ENTER soft key. Make a route using the soft keys, then push the
[ENTER] knob. (If you want to go directly to that port, simply press the ADD
QP soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob.)
If you selected NEAR SRVC at step 3, select service mark desired with the
trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob. Then, the
display shows the locations of those services nearest you. (The figure below
shows the location of filling stations in an area in southern Italy.) Use the
trackball to place the “hand cursor” on the port service icon desired, then
press the ENTER soft key. Make a route using the soft keys, then push the
[ENTER] knob. (If you want to go directly to location selected, simply press
the ADD QP soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob.)
+ 40°45.971'N
13°57.462'E
FROM
OS
0.26 nm
GOTO
180.2°M
16.0nm
ENTER
PUNTA CORNACCHIA
ACCO AMENO
ISCHIA
PORTO
CASAMICCIOLA
CANCEL
GOTO
I. ISCHIA
Sample filling station locations (southern Italy)
3-47
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.10.4
Following a route
Selecting the route to follow
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the ROUTES soft key to open the route list.
Select a route.
Press the GOTO soft key to show the plotter display. The cursor is on the
waypoint nearest own ship.
FISH
359.2°M 104.5°M
83.2nm 10.0 kt
GOTO
ROUTE
16.0 nm
WP-002
GOTO
WPT
FISH
RVRSE
ROUTE
WP-001
RETURN
CRAB
Plotter display, route selected as destination
6. Operate the trackball to place the cursor on the waypoint or leg in the route
from where to start navigating the route.
7. Press the GOTO WPT or FOLLOW LEG soft key, depending on the action
taken at step 6.
A line connects between own ship and all waypoints. The arrows on the lines
show the direction to traverse the route.
Navigating waypoints in reverse order
Press the RVRSE ROUTE soft key followed by the [ENTER] knob to navigate
waypoints in reverse order. The arrows on the route line point in the direction
selected.
3-48
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Restarting navigation
When you steer to avoid an obstacle or the vessel drifts, you may go off your
intended course, as in Line 1 in the figure below. Also, if you don’t need to return
to the original course, you can go directly to the next waypoint, as in Line 2 in
the figure below. In these cases, use the restart navigation function to restart
navigation.
Line 2
Obstacle
Line 1
Original course
Example of when to restart navigation
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
3. Press the LOG soft key.
Destination waypoint (WPT name against bright background)
Passed waypoint (green characters)
Estimated Time of Arrival at destination
LOG
ETA 23:59 11.FEB
01 001WPT
34°44.111'N
135°21.134'W
▲
Replaces triangle
when selecting a
route leg.
02 003WPT
34°43.432'N
135°41.456'W
03 002WPT
34°14.124'N
135°21.567'W
04 005WPT
34°44.569'N
135°21.152'W
05 008WPT
34°54.124'N
135°21.888'W
LEG
RESTART
29.9°
12.0nm
STOP
159.9°
6.00nm
50.5°
29.8nm
359.9°
3.0nm
Replaced by
"FOLLOW LEG"
when selecting
a route leg.
RVRSE
SPEED
COORD
TYPE
Log display
4. Use the trackball to select a waypoint or a route leg. When a route leg is
selected the single arrow cursor is replaced by double arrows.
5. Press the RESTART soft key, or FOLLOW LEG in case of route leg.
Note: Navigation may be restarted from the plotter display, with the
RESTART key, when a single quick point (QP<01>) is selected for
navigation.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-49
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Setting speed for ETA calculation
Speed, which may be input manually or automatically, is required to calculate
ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) to a destination.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the LOG soft key.
Press the SPEED soft key.
SPEED FOR ETA
▲
¤ SPD 010.0kt
¡ GPS AVG. SPEED
▼
Select speed for ETA window
5. Enter speed manually in the SPD, or use GPS speed data (if applicable) by
selecting GPS AVG. SPEED.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob to register your selection.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Switching waypoints
When you arrive to a waypoint on a route, you can switch to the next waypoint
by one of three methods below.
PERPENDICULAR: Automatically switches the destination waypoint when the
boat passes an imaginary perpendicular line passing through the center of the
destination waypoint.
ARRVL ALM CRCL: Destination waypoint is automatically switched when the
boat comes within the arrival alarm range. For how to set the arrival alarm, see
the paragraph 3.11.2 Arrival alarm.
MANUAL: The destination waypoint may be manually switched by using the
RESTART soft key (see page 3-49). This function is operative when “1 POINT”
is selected as the GOTO method (see page 3-44).
WPT 2
WPT 2
Waypoint switched
at this point.
WPT 1
Perpendicular
Waypoint switched
at this point.
WPT 1
Arrival Alarm Circle
Automatic waypoint switching methods
3-50
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
To select waypoint switching method do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
Use the trackball to select WAYPOINT SWITCHING.
Press the EDIT soft key to show the waypoint switching window.
Use the trackball to select appropriate waypoint switching method;
PERPENDICULAR, ARRVL ALM CRCL (default setting), or MANUAL.
6. Press the ENTER soft key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.10.5
Cancelling route navigation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the WAYPOINTS/ROUTES soft key.
Press the LOG soft key.
Press the STOP soft key.
Push the [ENTER] knob.
Press the RELEASE soft key.
Push the [ENTER] knob.
3-51
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11
Alarms
The plotter section has eight conditions which generate both audio and visual
alarms: arrival alarm, anchor watch alarm, XTE (Cross Track Error) alarm,
proximity alarm, speed alarm, trip alarm, water temperature alarm and bottom
alarm. (The bottom and water temperature alarms, which require depth and
water temperature data, may also be set on the sounder alarm menu. For these
alarms see Chapter 4.)
You may set up the plotter alarms on the ALARM menu, which may be displayed
by pressing the [ALARM] key.
AUDIO ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
ARRIVAL ALARM
OFF 0.010nm
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
OFF 0.010nm
PROXIMITY ALARM
OFF
XTE ALARM
OFF 0.050nm
SPEED ALARM
OFF
TRIP ALARM
OFF 0000.0nm
BOTTOM ALARM
OFF
TEMPERATURE ALARM
OFF
ALARM1
EDIT
ALARM2
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
CLEAR
ALARM
NEXT
PAGE
CLEAR
ALARM
PREV.
PAGE
PREV.
PAGE
RETURN
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
Page 1
Page 2
Plotter alarm menu
3.11.1
Audio alarm on/off
Audio and visual alarms are released whenever an alarm setting is violated. You
can enable or disable the audio alarm as follows:
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select AUDIO ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the audio alarm window.
AUDIO ALARM
¤ INT & EXT BUZZ
¡ INTERNAL BUZZ
¡ OFF
Audio alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select INT & EXT BUZZ (Internal + External alarm),
INTERNAL BUZZ (Internal alarm) or OFF. This turns on or off the audio alarm
globally for all alarms, including radar.
5. Press the ENTER soft key.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-52
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.2
Arrival alarm
The arrival alarm informs you that your boat is approaching a destination
waypoint. The area that defines an arrival zone is that of a circle which you
approach from the outside of the circle. The alarm will be released if your boat
enters the circle. When the arrival alarm is active a dashed circle marks the
arrival alarm area. Note that the arrival alarm and anchor watch alarm can be
turned on together.
Alarm
range
Own ship
: Alarm area
Destination
waypoint
How the arrival alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ARRIVAL ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the arrival alarm window.
ARRIVAL ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.010nm
¤ OFF
▼
Arrival alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate
5. For ON, use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter alarm setting:
Operate the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
The available arrival alarm setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-53
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.3
Anchor watch alarm
The anchor watch alarm informs you that your boat is moving when it should be
at rest. When the anchor watch is active, a dashed circle with an “X” at its center
marks the anchor watch area.
Alarm
setting
Your ship's position where
you start the anchor watch
alarm.
: Alarm
area
How the anchor watch alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select ANCHOR WATCH ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to open the anchor alarm window.
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.010nm
¤ OFF
▼
Anchor watch alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate.
5. For ON, use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter alarm setting:
Operate the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
The available anchor watch setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
Note: If the arrival alarm range is changed, turn off the anchor watch alarm and
then turn it on again to give priority to the anchor watch alarm.
3-54
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.4
XTE (Cross-Track Error) alarm
The XTE alarm warns you when your boat is off its intended course. When the
XTE alarm is active two dashed lines mark the XTE alarm area.
Own ship
position
Alarm
setting
Destination
waypoint
Intended
course
: Alarm
How the XTE alarm works
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select XTE ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to open the XTE alarm window.
XTE ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0.050nm
¤ OFF
▼
XTE alarm window
4. Select ON or OFF as appropriate.
5. For ON, use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter alarm setting:
Operate the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
The available XTE alarm setting is 0.001 to 9.999 miles.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3.11.5
Speed alarm
The speed alarm warns when your boat’s speed is within or under/over the
speed range set.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select SPEED ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to display the speed alarm window.
SPEED ALARM
▲
¡
¡
¤
▼
WITHIN
000.0 ~ 000.0 kt
UNDER/OVER
000.0 ~ 000.0 kt
OFF
Speed alarm window
3-55
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
4. Use the trackball to select WITHIN, UNDER/OVER, or OFF as appropriate.
5. For WITHIN and UNDER/OVER use the trackball to select digit; rotate the
[ENTER] knob to enter value.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3.11.6
Proximity alarm
The proximity alarm alerts you when own ship nears a waypoint, which is
marked with the proximity mark, by the proximity alarm radius set for that
waypoint on the waypoint list. When own ship is within a waypoint’s proximity
alarm radius, the alarm sounds. The proximity mark remains on the screen until
the proximity alarm is turned off or the waypoint is erased.
Radius in proportion to
proximity alarm radius,
which is set on waypoint list
001WPT
Proximity mark
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select PROXIMITY ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the proximity alarm window.
PROXIMITY ALARM
▲
¡
¤
▼
ON
OFF
Proximity alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER
soft key.
5. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-56
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.7
Trip alarm
The trip alarm informs you when you have traveled a certain distance.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to open the alarm menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TRIP ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the trip alarm window.
TRIP ALARM
▲
¡ ON 0000.0nm
¤ OFF
▼
Trip alarm window
4. Select ON or OFF as appropriate.
5. For ON, use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to enter alarm setting:
Operate the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
6. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
7. Press the [ALARM] key to finish.
3-57
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.11.8
Alarm information
When an alarm setting has been violated, the buzzer sounds and the speaker
icon appears. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the alarm. You can see which
alarm has been violated on the ALARM menu. In the example below the arrival
alarm has been violated.
1. Press the [ALARM] key. The name of the offending alarm appears in the
alarm information window.
AUDIO ALARM
INT & EXT BUZZ
ARRIVAL ALARM
ON 0.010nm
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM
OFF 0.010nm
PROXIMITY ALARM
OFF
XTE ALARM
OFF 0.050nm
SPEED ALARM
OFF
TRIP ALARM
OFF 0000.0nm
ALARM1
EDIT
CLEAR
ALARM
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
ALARM INFORMATION
Alarm information
window
ARRIVED
AT WAYPOINT XXX!
Speaker icon
XXX = Destination waypoint name
Plotter alarm menu, page 1
2. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft key to acknowledge the alarm (and silence
the buzzer if it was not already done with the [CLEAR] key). The speaker
icon remains on the screen until the reason for the alarm is eliminated or the
alarm is disabled. If more than one alarm has been violated, the message
CONTINUE appears at the bottom of the alarm information window. In this
case, press the NEXT INFO soft key to see which other alarms have been
violated.
3. Press the [ALARM] key to close the alarm menu.
3-58
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
Alarm messages
The table below shows the plotter alarm messages and their meanings.
Plotter alarm messages and their meanings
Message
ARRIVED AT XXX WAYPOINT!
Meaning
Arrival alarm violated.
(XXX = waypoint name)
ENTERED INTO AVOIDANCE AREA!
Proximity alarm violated.
EXCEEDED ANCHOR WATCH LIMIT!
Anchor watch alarm violated.
EXCEEDED XTE LIMIT!
XTE alarm violated.
SPEED ALARM!
Speed alarm violated.
TEMPERATURE ALARM!
Water temperature alarm
violated.
TRIP ALARM! MILEAGE EXCEEDED
Trip alarm violated.
3-59
3. PLOTTER OPERATION
3.12
Resetting Trip Distance
Trip distance is shown on the navigation data display. You can reset the trip
distance to zero as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION and GENERAL SETUP soft keys in
that order to show the GENERAL SETUP menu.
▲
KEY BEEP
ON
LANGUAGE
ENGLISH
RANGE UNIT
nm, kt
TEMPERATURE UNIT
°F
DEPTH UNIT
ft
TEMPERATURE SOURCE
NMEA
DEPTH SOURCE
NMEA
RESET TRIP LOG
NO
GENERAL
SETUP1
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
General setup menu, page 1
3. Use the trackball to select RESET TRIP LOG, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Use the trackball to select YES, then press the ENTER soft key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-60
4.
VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
With connection of the optional Network Sounder ETR-6/10N you can show
video sounder images on the display.
4.1
Principle of Operation
The video sounder determines the distance between its transducer and
underwater objects such as fish, lake bottom or seabed and displays the results
on screen. It does this by utilizing the fact that an ultrasonic wave transmitted
through water travels at a nearly constant speed of 4800 feet (1500 meters) per
second. When a sound wave strikes an underwater object such as fish or sea
bottom, part of the sound wave is reflected back toward the source (transducer).
Thus by calculating the time difference between the transmission of a sound
wave and the reception of the reflected sound wave, the depth to the object can
be determined.
The entire process begins in the network sounder. Transmitter power is sent to
the transducer as a short pulse of electrical energy. The electrical signal
produced by the transmitter is converted into an ultrasonic signal by the
transducer and transmitted into the water. Any returning signals from intervening
objects (such as a fish school) are received by the transducer and converted into
an electrical signal. The signals are then amplified in the amplifier section, and
finally, displayed on screen.
The picture displayed is made up of a series of vertical scan lines, one for each
transmission. Each line represents a snapshot of what has occurred beneath the
boat. A series of snapshots are accumulated side by side across the screen, and
the resulting contours of the bottom and fish between the bottom and surface
are displayed.
0
50
100
-
Underwater conditions and video sounder display
4-1
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.2
Sounder Displays
4.2.1
Selecting a sounder display
There are seven display modes from which to choose: dual frequency, single
frequency, marker zoom, bottom zoom, bottom lock, bottom discrimination, and
A-scope.
To select a display;
1. Press the [DISP] key and select a sounder display.
2. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the sounder soft keys.
3. Press the DISPLY MODE soft key to show the display mode window.
DISPLAY MODE
¤ DUAL FREQ
¡ SINGLE FREQ
¡ MARKER ZOOM
¡ BOTTOM ZOOM
¡ BOTTOM LOCK
¡ BOTTOM DSCRM
Display mode window
4. Use the trackball or [ENTER] knob to select a display.
5. Press the RETURN soft key to close the window.
Note: On menus which show the RETURN soft key you may press it or the
ENTER knob to register setting and close the window.
4-2
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.2.2
Description of sounder displays
Single-frequency display
Variable Range Marker
Depth scale
Minute marker
Zero line
Icons (alarm,
battery,
simulation)
Echo strength
bar
Temp.
scale
0'30"
SI
0
SOUNDER
SINGLE
M
°F
30
SHIFT
52
Fish
echo
40
50
Cross-hair
cursor
100
50
AUTO/
D. BOX
FREQ
50 /200
DISPLY
MODE
Water
temp.
graph
Water
temp.
display
Time
Display mode
SOUNDER DUAL
SOUNDER SINGLE
SOUNDER M. ZOOM
SOUNDER B. ZOOM
SOUNDER B/L
SOUNDER B/D
150
114
50k
Tx frequency
Soft keys
200
Bottom echo
Depth
Indications on the single frequency display
Note: The water temperature display requires an appropriate water temperature
sensor. It can be turned on or off with TEMPERATURE GRAPH on the
SOUNDER menu.
Selecting transmission frequency
The single frequency display shows either the 50 kHz picture or 200 kHz picture.
To select transmission frequency, press the FREQ 50/200 soft key. “50” or “200”
is highlighted on its key label with each press of the key.
4-3
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Dual-frequency display
The dual-frequency display provides both 50 kHz and 200 Hz pictures. This
display is useful for comparing the same picture with two different sounding
frequencies.
0.0
50k
200k
Dual-frequency display
50 kHz picture
The sounder uses ultrasonic pulses to detect bottom conditions. The lower the
frequency of the pulse, the wider the detection area. Therefore, the 50 kHz
frequency is useful for general detection and judging bottom condition.
200 kHz picture
The higher the frequency of the ultrasonic pulse the better the resolution.
Therefore, the 200 kHz frequency is ideal for detailed observation of fish school.
50 kHz
200 kHz
Sounding area and transmission frequency
Marker-zoom display
The marker-zoom display expands a selected area of the normal sounder picture
to full vertical size of the screen on the left-half window. You may specify the
portion to expand by operating the VRM (Variable Range Marker), which you can
shift with the [ENTER] knob. The area between the VRM and zoom marker is
expanded. The length of the segment is equal to one division of the depth scale.
Note: The VRM is set independently from other displays in case of multiple
displays.
4-4
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Fish school
80
50
60
70
-
0'20"
0
Fish
school
42.0
50
100
200k
MARKER-ZOOM
DISPLAY
-
VRM
This part
is zoomed.
Zoom marker
NORMAL
DISPLAY
Marker-zoom display plus normal sounder display
Bottom-zoom display
The bottom-zoom display expands bottom and bottom fish echoes by the zoom
range selected on the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP menu (see paragraph 5.9.3),
and is useful for determining bottom hardness. A bottom displayed with a short
echo tail usually means it is a soft, sandy bottom. A long echo tail means a hard
bottom.
0
Bottom
80
-
--10
--20
--30
BOTTOM-ZOOM
DISPLAY
0
20.0
50
100
200k
-
Zoom marker
NORMAL DISPLAY
Bottom-zoom display plus normal sounder display
4-5
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Bottom-lock display
The bottom-lock display provides a compressed normal picture on the right half
of the screen and a 10 or 20 feet (3 or 6 meter) wide layer in contact with the
bottom is expanded onto the left half of the screen. This mode is useful for
discriminating bottom fish from the bottom echo. You may select the bottom lock
range from the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP menu. For details, see paragraph
5.9.3.
10
8
Fish
school
6
4
102
80
0
------
0
BOTTOM-LOCK
DISPLAY
50
100
200k
-
Zoom marker
This part
is zoomed.
NORMAL DISPLAY
Bottom-lock display plus normal sounder display
Bottom discrimination display
The bottom discrimination mode displays the bottom echo to help you determine
bottom hardness. A bottom displayed with a short echo tail usually means it is a
soft, sandy bottom. A long echo tail means a hard bottom.
4
2
-
Bottom tail
Long tail = Hard bottom
Short tail = Soft bottom
0
20.0
50
-
0
80
50
-
100
200k
-
BOTTOM
NORMAL DISPLAY
DISCRIMINATION
DISPLAY
Bottom discrimination display
4-6
Zoom marker
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
A-scope display (display only)
The A-scope display, available in all modes, shows echoes at each transmission
with amplitudes and tone proportional to their intensities, on the right 1/10 of the
screen. It is useful for estimating fish species and bottom composition. To turn on
the A-scope display, press the DISPLAY MODE soft key, select display mode
desired, then press the A-SCPE soft key to show "ON" on its label. For modes
other than SINGLE FREQ the screen must be split horizontally to show the
A-scope display.
0
50
100
84
200k
-
SINGLE FREQ DISPLAY
A-scope display
No response
Weak echo (fish)
Strong echo (bottom)
A-SCOPE
DISPLAY
A-scope display
4.2.3
Selecting screen split method in combination displays
On combination sounder displays you can split the screen vertically or
horizontally, using the SPLIT soft key as below.
0.0
0.0
SPLIT
/
200k
SPLIT
/
50k
200k
50k
How to use the SPLIT soft key (example: dual frequency display)
4-7
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.3
Automatic Sounder Operation
Automatic sounder operation is useful when you are preoccupied with other
tasks and do not have the time to adjust the display.
4.3.1
How the automatic sounder works
The automatic sounder function automatically selects the proper gain, range
scale and clutter suppression level according to the depth. It works as follows:
4.3.2
•
The range changes automatically to locate the bottom on the lower half of the
screen. The range jumps to one step shallower range when the bottom
echoes reach a half way point of the full scale from the top and to one step
deeper range when they come to the lower edge of the scale.
•
The gain is automatically adjusted to display the bottom echo in the darkest
tone.
•
Clutter, which suppresses low level noise, is automatically adjusted.
Types of automatic sounder modes
Two types of automatic sounder modes are available: CRUISING and FISHING.
CRUISING is for tracking the bottom, and FISHING is for searching fish schools.
CRUISING uses a higher clutter rejection setting than FISHING therefore it is not
recommended for fish detection - weak fish echoes may be erased by the clutter
suppression circuit.
4.3.3
How to enable automatic sounder operation
1. If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the sounder soft keys.
2. Press the AUTO/D. BOX soft key.
AUTO MODE
▲
¤ CRUISING
¡ FISHING
¡ OFF (MANUAL)
▼
Mode/frequency window
3. Use the trackball or the [ENTER] knob to select CRUISING or FISHING as
appropriate.
4. Press the RETURN soft key to close the window.
4-8
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.4
Manual Sounder Operation
Manual operation is useful for observing fish schools and bottom using a fixed
gain setting.
The gain, range and range shift functions used together give you the means to
select the depth you can see on the screen. The basic range can be thought of
as providing a “window” into the water column and range shifting as moving the
“window” to the desired depth.
4.4.1
Selecting the manual mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.4.2
If not displayed, press the [HIDE/SHOW] key to show the sounder soft keys.
Press the AUTO/D. BOX soft key to show the mode/frequency window.
Select OFF (MANUAL).
Press the RETURN soft key.
Selecting display range
Press the [RANGE +] or [RANGE -] key to select a range. The default ranges in
feet, meters, fathoms and passi/braza are as below. Note that the range cannot
be changed in the automatic sounder mode.
Default sounder ranges
4.4.3
Range 1
Range 2
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5
Range 6
Range 7
Range 8
15 ft
30 ft
60 ft
120 ft
200 ft
400 ft
1000 ft
4000 ft
5m
10 m
20 m
40 m
80 m
150 m
300 m
1200 m
3 fa
5 fa
10 fa
20 fa
40 fa
80 fa
150 fa
650 fa
3 P/B
5 P/B
10 P/B
30 P/B
50 P/B
100 P/B
200 P/B
700 P/B
Adjusting the gain
Normally, set the gain to the point where excessive noise does not appear on the
screen. Use a higher gain setting for greater depths and a lower setting for
shallow waters.
Gain too high
Gain proper
Gain too low
Examples of proper and improper gain
4-9
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Press the [GAIN] key to show the gain window, and adjust the [ENTER] knob or
trackball. Current level is shown on the bar. Press the RETURN key to finish.
The setting range is 0-100(%).
GAIN 200kHz
▲
57
HIGH
LOW
▼
Gain window
Note 1: On the dual-frequency display, the gain can be independently set for 50
kHz and 200 kHz. Use the FREQ 50/200 soft key to select the
frequency for which to adjust gain.
Note 2: Gain cannot be adjusted in the automatic sounder mode. The message
“SOUNDER GAIN CANNOT BE CHANGED IN AUTO MODE” is
displayed when you attempt to do so.
4.4.4
Shifting the range
The basic range may be shifted up or down as desired by pressing the SHIFT
soft key followed by adjusting the [ENTER] knob or the trackball. Press the
RETURN soft key to finish.
Shift
Shift concept
4-10
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.5
Measuring Depth, Time
The VRM measures the depth and the cross-hair cursor, time..
1. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to shift the VRM; counterclockwise to shift it
downward, clockwise to shift it upward. You may also use the trackball to
shift the VRM.
2. Roll the trackball horizontally to adjust the time cursor to measure time.
Time for a scan line to travel
from the right edge of the
display to the cross-hair cursor
Depth to VRM
0'33"
0
28.8
Cross-hair
cursor
50
100
87
50k
-
VRM
How to measure depth and time
Note: If, when the range setting is over 1000 ft (m, fa, p/b), the VRM indication
and depth scale may overlap one another, shift the cross-hair cursor
slightly to show them completely. Further, when the display is shifted, the
depth scale may obscure the time indication.
4-11
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.6
Reducing Interference
Interference from other acoustic equipment operating nearby or other electronic
equipment on your boat may show itself on the display as shown below.
Interference from
other sounder
Electrical inteference
Types of interference
To reduce interference, do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select NOISE LIMITER, then press the EDIT soft key to show the noise
limiter window.
NOISE LIMITER
▲
¤ OFF
¡ LOW
¡ MEDIUM
¡ HIGH
▼
Noise limiter window
4. Use the trackball to select the degree of suppression desired (LOW,
MEDIUM, HIGH), or turn the noise limiter off.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Turn the noise limiter circuit off when no interference exists, otherwise weak
echoes may be missed.
4-12
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.7
Reducing Low Level Noise
Dots may appear over most of the screen. This is mainly due to sediment in the
water, or noise. This noise can be suppressed by adjusting CLUTTER on the
SOUNDER menu.
Appearance of clutter
When the automatic sounder mode is used, clutter is automatically adjusted. To
reduce low level noise in manual sounder operation do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select CLUTTER and press the EDIT soft key to show the clutter window.
CLUTTER
▲
09 ▼
Clutter window
4. Use the trackball to select clutter rejection level desired; 0 (OFF) through 16,
default setting, 9. The higher the number the higher the degree of
suppression. Note that the clutter suppressor may erase weak echoes.
Therefore, turn off the clutter when its use is not required.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Unlike the signal level feature, clutter does not erase echoes. However, if
you do not wish to change the relation between weak and strong echoes,
use signal level instead.
4-13
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.8
Erasing Weak Echoes
Sediments in the water or reflections from plankton may be painted on the
display as “spots” on the background. These weak echoes may be erased as
below.
Weak
echoes
Appearance of weak echoes
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select SIGNAL LEVEL, and press the EDIT soft key to show the signal level
window.
SIGNAL LEVEL
▲
¤ OFF
¡ SL1
¡ SL2
▼
Signal level window
4. Use the trackball to select level of erasure or OFF as appropriate. The higher
the number the stronger the echo that will be erased.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Unlike “clutter,” signal level erases echoes. Therefore, if you do not wish
to erase echoes, use clutter instead.
4-14
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.9
Picture Advance Speed
The picture advance speed determines how quickly the vertical scan lines run
across the screen. When selecting a picture advance speed, keep in mind that a
fast advance speed will expand the size of the fish school horizontally on the
screen and a slow advance speed will contract it.
The advancement speed may be set independent of or synchronized with ship’s
speed.
4.9.1
Advancement independent of ship’s speed
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
3. Select PICTURE ADVANCE, and press the EDIT soft key to open the picture
advance window.
PICTURE ADVANCE
▲
¤ 2/1
¡ 1/1
¡ 1/2
¡ 1/4
¡ 1/8
¡ 1/16
¡ STOP
▼
Picture advance window
4. Use the trackball to select speed desired. The fractions in the window denote
the number of scan lines produced per transmission. For example, 1/8
means one scan line is produced every eight transmissions. STOP freezes
the display and it is convenient for observing an echo.
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: When using the plotter/sounder combination display, advancement of the
sounder picture may be temporarily interrupted while the plotter display is
being shifted or its display range is being changed.
4-15
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.9.2
Advancement synchronized with ship’s speed
With speed data provided by a speed-measuring device, picture advance speed
may be automatically synchronized with ship’s speed. As shown in the figure
below the horizontal scale of the display is not influenced with the
speed-dependent picture advance mode active, thus it permits judgment of fish
school size and abundance at any speed. With the advancement synchronized
with ship’s speed the picture advance speed setting (on the previous page) is
ignored.
Fish school shrinks as speed
is increased; expanded
as speed is decreased.
Normal Mode
Same size
fish schools
Speed
FULL
SPEED
HALF
SPEED
Actual Movement
Fish schools are shown
same size regardless
of ship’s speed.
Speed-Dependent Picture Advance Mode
How the speed-dependent picture advance mode works
Activating/deactivating the speed-dependent picture advance mode
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key followed by the SOUNDER MENU soft key.
Select SPD SENSING PIC ADV.
Press the EDIT soft key to open the setting window.
Use the trackball to select ON or OFF (default setting) as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: Use the same speed data sentence (STG or STW) throughout the network
for smooth advancement of the sounder picture. See the paragraph 6.5 for
how to output data through the network.
4-16
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10
Alarms
The sounder section has five conditions which generate audio and visual alarms:
bottom alarm, fish alarm (bottom lock), fish alarm (normal), water temperature
alarm (temperature sensor required), and speed alarm.
You may set up the sounder alarms on the ALARM menu, which may be
displayed by pressing the [ALARM] key.
AUDIO ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
BOTTOM ALARM
OFF
TEMPERATURE ALARM
OFF
FISH ALARM
0OFF
FISH ALARM (B/L)
OFF
SOUNDER
ALARM
EDIT
CLEAR
ALARM
RETURN
ALARM INFORMATION
NO ALARM
Sounder alarm menu
4.10.1
Audio alarm on/off
The audio alarm sounds whenever an alarm setting is violated. You can enable
or disable the audio alarm as follows:
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select AUDIO ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the audio alarm window.
AUDIO ALARM
¡ INT & EXT BUZZ
¤ INTERNAL BUZZ
¡ OFF
Audio alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select INT & EXT BUZZ (Internal + External alarm),
INTERNAL BUZZ (Internal alarm) or OFF. External buzzer required to select
“INT+EXT BUZZ.” OFF globally turns the audio alarm on or off for all modes,
including radar.
5. Press the ENTER soft key, then press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-17
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10.2
Bottom alarm
The bottom alarm sounds when the bottom echo is within the alarm range set.
To activate the bottom alarm, the depth must be displayed. Note that the bottom
alarm is turned on or off reciprocally with the bottom alarm on the plotter alarm
menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select BOTTOM ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the bottom alarm window.
BOTTOM ALARM
▲
¡
ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Bottom alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, enter alarm
range with the trackball and [ENTER] knob: Rotate the trackball horizontally
to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4.10.3
Fish alarm
The fish alarm sounds when a fish echo is within the preset alarm range. Note
that the sensitivity of the fish alarm can be set on the SOUNDER SYSTEM
SETUP menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select FISH ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the fish alarm window.
FISH ALARM
▲
¡ ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Fish alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, use the
trackball and [ENTER] knob to enter alarm range: Use rotate the trackball
horizontally to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-18
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10.4
Fish alarm (B/L)
The bottom-lock fish alarm sounds when a fish echo is within a predetermined
distance from the bottom. Note that the sensitivity of the fish alarm can be set on
the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select FISH ALARM (B/L).
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the fish alarm (B/L) window.
FISH ALARM (B/L)
▲
¡ ON
0000.0-0000.0 ft
¤ OFF
▼
Fish alarm (B/L) window
4. Use the trackball to select ON or OFF as appropriate. For ON, use the
trackball and [ENTER] knob to enter alarm range: Operate the trackball to
select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-19
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10.5
Water temperature alarm
There are two types of water temperature alarms: WITHIN RANGE and OUT OF
RANGE. The WITHIN RANGE alarm sounds when the water temperature is
within the range set, and the OUT OF RANGE alarm sounds when the water
temperature is higher or lower than the range set. Note that the water
temperature alarm is turned on or off reciprocally with the water temperature
alarm on the plotter menu.
1. Press the [ALARM] key to show the ALARM menu.
2. Use the trackball to select TEMPERATURE ALARM.
3. Press the EDIT soft key to show the temperature alarm window.
TEMPERATURE ALARM
▲
¡ WITHIN RANGE
+000.0 - +000.0°F
¡ OUT OF RANGE
+000.0 - +000.0°F
¤ OFF
▼
Water temperature alarm window
4. Use the trackball to select WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE or OFF as
appropriate. For WITHIN, use the trackball and [ENTER] knob to enter alarm
range: Operate the trackball to select digit; rotate the [ENTER] knob to set
value.
5. Press the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob to register setting.
6. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-20
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.10.6
When an alarm setting is violated...
When an alarm setting has been violated the buzzer sounds and the speaker
icon appears. Press the [CLEAR] key to silence the alarm. You can see which
alarm has been violated on the alarm menu display. In the example below the
bottom alarm has been violated.
To see which alarm(s) has been violated:
1. Press the [ALARM] key. The name of the offending alarm is shown in the
alarm information window.
AUDIO ALARM
INTERNAL BUZZ
BOTTOM ALARM
0100.0-0250.0 ft
TEMPERATURE ALARM
OFF
FISH ALARM
OFF
FISH ALARM (B/L)
OFF
SOUNDER
ALARM
EDIT
NEXT
INFO
CLEAR
ALARM
RETURN
Alarm information
window
ALARM INFORMATION
DEPTH ALARM!
Speaker icon
Sounder alarm menu
2. Press the CLEAR ALARM soft key to acknowledge the alarm (and silence the
buzzer if it has not already been done with the [CLEAR] key). The speaker
icon remains on the screen until the reason for the alarm is eliminated or the
alarm is disabled. If more than one alarm has been violated, the message
CONTINUE appears at the bottom of the alarm information window. In this
case, press the NEXT INFO soft key to see which other alarms have been
violated.
3. Press the [ALARM] key to close the menu.
4-21
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
Alarm messages
The table below shows the sounder alarm messages and their meanings.
Sounder alarm messages and their meanings
Message
4.11
Meaning
DEPTH ALARM!
Bottom alarm violated.
FISH ALARM!
Fish alarm violated.
TEMPERATURE ALARM!
Water temperature alarm violated.
Water Temperature Graph
The water temperature graph (appropriate sensor required) plots water
temperature on the sounder display. (See the figure on page 4-3.) It can be
turned on or off as below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
4-22
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the SOIUNDER MENU soft key.
Select TEMPERATURE GRAPH and press the EDIT soft key.
Select OFF (default setting) or ON as appropriate.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Press the key to close the menu.
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12
Interpreting the Sounder Display
4.12.1
Zero line
The zero line (sometimes referred to as the transmission line) represents the
transducer’s position, and moves off the screen when a deep phased range is
used.
Zero line
Shift
Zero line
4.12.2
Bottom echo
Echoes from the bottom are normally the strongest and are displayed in the
darkest tone, but the tone and width will vary with bottom composition, water
depth, frequency, sensitivity, etc.
In a comparatively shallow depth, a high gain setting will cause a second or
sometimes a third or a fourth echo to be displayed at the same interval between
them below the first echo trace. This is because the echo travels between the
bottom and the surface twice or more in shallow depths.
The tone of the bottom echo can be used to help determine the density of the
bottom materials (soft or hard). The harder the bottom, the wider the trace. If the
gain is set to show only a single bottom echo on mud, a rocky bottom will show a
second or third bottom return. The range should be chosen so the first and
second bottom echoes are displayed when bottom hardness is being
determined.
Intensity difference
in water depth
Rock base
Mud and sand
Second bottom
echo
Bottom echoes
4-23
4. VIDEO SOUNDER OPERATION
4.12.3
Fish school echoes
Fish school echoes will generally be plotted between the zero line and the
bottom. Usually the fish school/fish echo is weaker than the bottom echo
because its reflection property is much smaller compared to the bottom. The size
of the fish school can be ascertained from the density of the display.
Size of
fish school
Small
school
Large
school
Fish school echoes
4.12.4
Surface noise/Aeration
When the waters are rough or the boat passes over a wake, surface noise may
appear near the zero line. As surface turbulence is acoustically equivalent to
running into a brick wall, the bottom echo will be displayed intermittently. Similar
noise sometimes appears when a water temperature difference (thermocline)
exists. Different species of fish tend to prefer different temperature zones, so the
thermocline may be useful to help identify target fish. 200 kHz tends to show
shallow thermoclines better than 50 kHz.
In rough waters the display is occasionally interrupted due to below-the-ship air
bubbles obstructing the sound path. This also occurs when the boat makes a
quick turn or reverses movement. Lowering the picture advance speed may
reduce the interruption. However, reconsideration of the transducer installation
may be necessary if the interruption occurs frequently.
Surface noise
Caused by aerated
water
Thermocline
Surface noise/aeration
4-24
5.
CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
This chapter describes the various options which allow you to set up your unit to
suit your needs. For mode-specific menus, e.g. radar, plotter and sounder, make
sure that you select the appropriate display when making changes or viewing
menu options.
5.1
General Setup
This paragraph shows you how to set up functions common to the plotter, radar
and sounder displays. This is done on the GENERAL SETUP menu, which you
may display from any mode. These items include language, key beep, units of
measurement, data sources, etc.
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
3. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key.
KEY BEEP
ON
LANGUAGE
ENGLISH
RANGE UNIT
nm, kt
TEMPERATURE UNIT
°F
DEPTH UNIT
ft
TEMPERATURE SOURCE
NMEA
DEPTH SOURCE
NMEA
RESET TRIP LOG
NO
P
GENERAL
SETUP1
EDIT
NEXT
PAGE
NEXT
PAGE
RETURN
PREV.
PAGE
LAT/LON DISPLAY
DD° MM.MMMM'
TD DISPLAY
LORAN C
SPEED
SOG
POSITION DISPLAY
LAT/LON
TIME DISPLAY
24 HOURS
INFRARED REMOTE MODE
A
RANGE & BEARING MODE
RHUMB LINE
BEARING READOUT
MAGNETIC
MAGNETIC VARIATION
AUTO 07.0° E
VIDEO BOOST TIME
5 minutes
GENERAL
SETUP2
EDIT
PREV.
PAGE
1
General setup menu
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Press the NEXT PAGE or PREV. PAGE soft key to switch pages if necessary.
Use the trackball to select item.
Press the EDIT soft key.
Use the trackball to select option desired, then press the ENTER soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-1
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of general setup menu
Item
Key Beep
Language
Description
Turns key beep on/off.
Chooses menu language.
Range Unit
Chooses unit of range and speed
measurement.
Temperature
Unit
Chooses unit of water temperature
measurement.
Depth Unit
Chooses unit of depth measurement.
Temperature
Source
Chooses source of water temperature
data.
Depth Source Chooses source of depth data.
Settings
On, Off
English, French,
German, Italian,
Portuguese, Spanish
nm, kt; km, km/h; sm,
mph; nm & yd, kt; nm &
m, kt; km & m, km/h;
sm & yd, mph
°C,°F
Default Setting
On
English
nm, kt
°F
ft, m, fa,
P/B (Passi/Braza)
ETR, NMEA. Select
ETR to show water
temperature data fed
from the network
sounder.
ETR, NMEA. Select
ETR to show depth
data fed from the
network sounder.
ft
NMEA
NMEA
Reset Trip
Log
Lat/Lon
Display
Resets distance run to zero.
Yes, No
No
Chooses how many digits (or seconds)
to display after decimal point in latitude
and longitude position.
DD°MM.MM’,
DD°MM.MMM’,
DD°MM.MMMM’,
DD°MM’SS.S”
DD°MM.MMMM’
TD Display
Speed
Chooses TD type.
Chooses speed display format.
Loran C, Decca
SOG (Speed over
ground), STW (Speed
through water)
Loran C
SOG
Position
Display
Time Display
Infrared
Remote
Mode
Chooses position display format.
LAT/LON, TD
LAT/LON
Chooses time notation.
A remote controller can be set
exclusively for use with a specific
display unit, in the case of multiple
NavNet display units. For further details
see the Installation Manual.
Chooses how to calculate range and
bearing.
12 hours, 24 hours
24 hours
A, B, C, D
A
Range &
Bearing
Mode
(Con’t on next page)
5-2
Rhumb Line: Straight
Rhumb Line
line drawn between
two points on a nautical
chart.
Great Circle: Shortest
course between two
points on the surface of
the earth.
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of general setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Bearing
Readout
Description
Chooses bearing readout for course,
course over ground and cursor bearing.
Settings
True, Magnetic
Default Setting
Magnetic
Magnetic
Variation
The magnetic variations for all areas of
the earth are preprogrammed into this
unit. The preprogrammed variation is
accurate for most instances, however
you may wish to manually enter a
variation. For manual input, select
Manual, hit the EDIT soft key, enter
value, then hit the ENTER soft key to
set. “AUTO” requires position data.
Sets the amount of time to use
increased brilliance when the BRILL
BOOST soft key is operated.
Auto, Manual
Auto (07.0°W)
3, 5, 10, 15 (min)
5 (min)
Video Boost
Time
5.2
Radar Setup
This paragraph explains how to customize the radar display to suit your
operational needs.
5.2.1
Radar display setup
The radar display may be set up from the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu,
which contains items such as EBL reference and cursor position format.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP soft key.
▲
EBL REFERENCE
RELATIVE
CURSOR POSITION
RNG & BRG-REL
TUNING
AUTO
TX SECTOR
OFF 000° 001°
NOISE REJECTION
OFF
2ND ECHO REJECTION
OFF
WATCHMAN TIME
5 minutes
RANGE UNIT
nm
TRAIL MODE
TRUE
DISPLAY
SETUP
EDIT
D. BOX
RETURN
Radar display setup menu
5-3
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of radar display setup menu
Item
EBL
Reference
Cursor
Position
Description
References EBL bearing, shown in the
EBL data box, to North (True) or heading
(Relative). Relative with no heading
input. True only in course-up, north-up
and true motion.
Chooses how to display cursor position.
Note: “RNG & BRG-TRUE” requires
heading data and true bearing. The
equipment reverts to relative bearing
when heading data is lost.
Tuning
TX Sector
Blanking
Noise
Rejection
2nd Echo
Rejection
Watchman
Time
Range
Unit
Trail Mode
Selects receiver tuning method. For
further details see “2.6 Tuning.”
Turns on/off dead sector graphic, which
shows area where no echoes are
transmitted. To set sector, select ON,
then enter range. Max sector is 135°.
The dead sector is shown with dashed
lines.
Electrical noise, appearing on the screen
as “speckles,” may be suppressed with
the noise rejector. Note that some forms
of interference cannot be suppressed.
Reduces second-trace echoes. See the
paragraph “2.24 Suppressing
Second-trace Echoes.”
Sets watchman stand-by period. For
further details see the paragraph “2.23
Watchman.”
Selects unit of range measurement.
Sets echo trail reference.
Note: Relative trail is available in all
presentation modes except true motion.
True trail is available in all modes.
5-4
Settings
True, Relative
Default Setting
Relative
L/L: Lat/Long
position of cursor
TD: Loran C or
Decca TDs
RNG & BRG-REL:
Range and bearing
in relative bearing.
RNG & BRG-TRUE:
Range and bearing
in true bearing.
Auto, Manual
RNG &
BRG-REL
Auto
On, Off
Off (0°)
Off, Low, High
Low
On, Off
Off
5, 10, 20 minutes
5 minutes
nm, km, sm
nm
True: Echo trails
plotted in their actual
speeds and courses.
Requires compass
signal and speed
input.
Relative: Echo trails
move relative to own
ship.
Relative
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.2.2
Radar range setup
You may choose the radar ranges you wish to use, from the RADAR RANGE
SETUP menu. After choosing the ranges desired, change the range with the
[RANGE] key to activate range settings. Available ranges depends on the radar
used.
At least two ranges (excluding maximum range) must be turned on. When less
than two ranges are turned on, you cannot escape from the RADAR RANGE
SETUP menu.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
2. Press the RADAR RANGE SETUP soft key to show the RADAR RANGE
SETUP menu.
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
RANGE
SETUP
ON/OFF
▲
▲
0.125nm
0.25nm
0.5nm
0.75nm
1nm
1.5nm
2nm
3nm
4nm
6nm
8nm
12nm
16nm
24nm
36nm
48nm
64nm
RETURN
MAXIMUM RANGE XXnm*
0.25km
0.5km
0.75km
1km
1.5km
2km
3km
4km
6km
8km
12km
16km
24km
36km
48km
64km
ON
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
RANGE
SETUP
ON/OFF
RETURN
MAXIMUM RANGE XXnm*
* = Max. range depends on network radar used and is set on the network radar at installation.
Range unit: nm
Range unit: km
Radar range setup menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Use the trackball to select the range which you want to turn on or off.
Press the ON/OFF soft key to turn a range on or off as appropriate.
Press the RETURN soft key to register settings.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Model
1833
Maximum Range
36 nm, km, sm
1933
1943
48 nm, km, sm
64 nm, km, sm
5-5
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.2.3
Function key setup
The function keys provide one-touch execution of a desired function. The default
radar function key settings are as shown in the table below.
Function Key
1
2
3
4
5
Default Function
Turn heading line off.
Turn range rings on/off.
Turn echo trail on/off.
Turn display offcenter on/off.
Select radar source.
Function Key Label
HL
RNG
TRL
SFT
RSR
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
▲
Function key
setting
Function
key label
FUNC
KEY
SOFT KEY 1
HL: HDG LINE OFF
EDIT
H
L
SOFT KEY 2
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
SOFT KEY 3
TRL: ECHO TRAIL
SOFT KEY 4
SFT: OFFCENTER
SOFT KEY 5
RSR: RADAR SOURCE
R
N
G
T
R
L
S
F
T
RETURN
R
S
R
Radar function key
3. Select the function key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOFT KEY 1
SOFT KEY 1
▲
Scroll
down
ALM: GUARD ALARM
EBL: EBL
VRM: VRM
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
WMK: WPT ON/OFF
WTM: WATCHMAN
ACQ: ACQUISITION
TX: STBY/TX
RSR: RADAR SOURCE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
▲
OFF
HL: HDG LINE OFF
MOD: MODE
GAI: GAIN
SEA: A/C SEA
RAI: A/C RAIN
FTC: FTC
ES: ECHO STRETCH
PLS: PULSE LENGTH
ZOM: ZOOM
SFT: OFFCENTER
TRL: ECHO TRAIL
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Radar function key options
5-6
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
4. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Radar function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
—
HL: HDG LINE OFF
Turns heading line off.
HL
MOD: MODE
Selects presentation mode.
GAI: GAIN
Shows gain sensitivity adjustment window.
GAI
SEA: A/C SEA
Shows A/C SEA adjustment window.
SEA
RAI: A/C RAIN
Shows A/C RAIN adjustment window.
RAI
FTC: FTC
Not used.
FTC
ES: ECHO STRETCH
Turns echo stretch on/off.
ES
PLS: PULSE LENGTH
Sets pulselength (long or short).
PLS
ZOM: ZOOM
Turns zoom on/off.
ZOM
SFT: OFFCENTER
Press to shift display center to cursor location.
Press again to turn shift off and return cursor to
display center.
SFT
TRL: ECHO TRAIL
Starts/stops echo trails.
TRL
RNG: RINGS ON/OFF
Turns range rings on/off.
RNG
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Outputs cursor position, in NMEA format, to
navigator.
TLL
ALM: GUARD ALARM
Displays alarm soft keys.
ALM
EBL: EBL
Switches control between EBL1 and EBL2 with
each press.
EBL
VRM: VRM
Switches control between VRM1and VRM2
with each press.
VRM
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
Turns TTM (Tracked Target Message) data
on/off.
TTM
WMK: WPT ON/OFF
Turns waypoint marker on/off.
WMK
WTM: WATCHMAN
Turns watchman on/off.
WTM
ACQ: ACQUISITION
Acquires and tracks cursor-selected target.
(Requires ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900
series network radar.)
ACQ
TX: STBY/TX
Toggles between standby and transmit
RSR: RADAR SOURCE
Selects source for radar picture.
RSR
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Turns data boxes on/off.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Changes display control in combination
display.
CHG
MOD
TX
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-7
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.3
Plotter Setup
This paragraph provides the information necessary for setting up the plotter
display.
5.3.1
Navigation options
Navigation options, for example, waypoint switching method, may be set on the
PLOTTER SETUP menu.
1. Show the plotter display, then press the [MENU] key open the main menu.
2. Press the PLOTTER SETUP soft key.
WAYPOINT SWITCHING
ARRVL ALM CRCL
COURSE VECTOR
LINE
SET GOTO METHOD
1POINT
PLOTTER
SETUP
EDIT
D. BOX
RETURN
Plotter setup menu
Contents of plotter setup menu
Item
Description
Settings
Default Setting
Waypoint
Switching
Chooses waypoint switching method.
See “Switching waypoints” on page
3-50.
Perpendicular,
Arrvl Alm Crcl,
Manual
Arrvl Alm Crcl
Course Vector
You may extend a line from the own
ship position to show ship’s course. It
may be a vector (length depends on
ship’s speed) or a simple line (course
bar).
Line, Vector, Off
Line
Set GOTO
Method
Sets the method by which to navigate
to a quick point. See paragraph
“3.10.1 Navigating to a quick point.”
1 Point, 35 Points,
35Pts/Port SVC
1 Point
D. BOX
(soft key)
Sets up data boxes. See “paragraph 5.5.”
5-8
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Function key setup
The function keys provide one-touch execution of a desired function. The default
plotter function key settings are
Function
Key
1
2
3
4
5
Default Function
Start/stop recording/plotting own ship’s track.
Edit mark/line.
Ruler (measure range and bearing between two
points).
Add new waypoint.
Alphanumeric waypoint list.
Function
Key Label
TRK
EML
RUL
ADD
APL
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
▲
Function key
setting
Function
key label
FUNC
KEY
SOFT KEY 1
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
EDIT
T
R
K
SOFT KEY 2
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
E
M
L
SOFT KEY 3
RUL: RULER
R
U
L
SOFT KEY 4
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
A
D
D
SOFT KEY 5
ALP: ALPHA LIST
RETURN
A
L
P
Plotter function key menu
3. Select the soft key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key. A
menu shows the functions available and the current selection is highlighted.
SOFT KEY 1
Scroll
OFF
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
MWP: MOVE WPT
RUL: RULER
GWP: GOTO WPT
GRT: GOTO ROUTE
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
DTT: DEL TGT TRK
ALP: ALPHA LIST
LCL: LOCAL LIST
RTE: ROUTE LIST
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
▲
5.3.2
Plotter function key options
5-9
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
4. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Plotter function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
—
ADD: ADD NEW WPT
Registers waypoint at cursor position. Place
cursor for waypoint location then press function
key.
ADD
MWP: MOVE WPT
Moves selected waypoint to different position.
Select waypoint, press function key, move
waypoint, then push [ENTER] knob.
MWP
RUL: RULER
Measures range and bearing between two
points. Set cursor on location, then read range
and bearing at top of screen. To change origin
point, press START POINT soft key.
RUL
GWP: GOTO WPT
Specify waypoint to set as destination. Enter
waypoint name in window, then press the
ENTER soft key.
GWP
GRT: GOTO ROUTE
Specify route to follow. Enter route name in
window, then press the ENTER soft key.
GRT
EML: EDIT MK/LINE
Displays mark & line menu. Press appropriate
soft key to access menu item.
EML
TRK: TRACK ON/OFF
Each press starts or stops recording/plotting
own ship’s track.
TRK
TTM: TTM ON/OFF
Turns TTM (Target Track Message) display
on/off.
TTM
DTT: DEL TGT TRACK
Erases all TTM track.
DTT
ALP: ALPHA LIST
Displays waypoint alphanumeric list.
ALP
LCL: LOCAL LIST
Displays waypoint local list.
LCL
RTE: ROUTE LIST
Displays route list.
RTE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Shows/hides data boxes.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Changes control in combination screen.
CHG
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-10
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.4
Chart Setup
This paragraph shows you how to setup digital charts, from offsetting chart
position to turning chart attributes on or off.
5.4.1
Chart offset
In some instances position may be off by a few seconds. For example, the
position of the ship is shown to be at sea while it is in fact moored at a pier. You
can compensate for this error by offsetting chart position as shown in the
procedure below.
1. Show the plotter display, then press the [MENU] key followed by the CHART
SETUP and CHART OFFSET soft keys.
34 24. 3456 N 359.9°M
+124
24. 3456 W 0.35nm
CHART
OFFSET
SET
OFFSET
RESET
OFFSET
RETURN
Plotter display, chart offset selected
2. Use the trackball to place the cursor at the correct latitude and longitude
position of own ship.
3. Press the SET OFFSET soft key.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu. The “chart offset icon” ( ) appears.
To cancel chart offset, press the RESET OFFSET soft key at step 3 in the above
procedure.
5-11
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes
5.4.2
FURUNO, NavCharts™ chart attributes may be turned on or off from the CHART
DETAILS menu, which you may display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
▲
LAT/LON GRID
ON
TEXT INFORMATION
ON
WAYPOINTS
LARGE
WAYPOINT NAMES
ON
CHART BORDER LINES
ON
LANDMASS
BRIGHT
NAVAIDS
ON
LIGHT SECTOR INFO
ON
OTHER SYMBOLS
WHITE
MARKS SIZE
LARGE
CHART
DETAILS
EDIT
CNTOUR
LINE
RETURN
Chart details menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
Contents of chart details menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
Item
Description
Settings
Default Setting
Lat/Lon Grid
Latitude and longitude grids
On, Off
On
Text Information
Geographic place, name
On, Off
On
Waypoints
Waypoint size
Large, Small, Off
Large
Waypoint Names
Waypoint name
On, Off
On
Chart Border Lines
Border lines (indices)
On, Off
On
Landmass
Landmass brilliance
Bright, Dim, Off
Bright
Navaids
Navaid data on NavCharts™;
lighthouse data on FURUNO
charts
On, Off
On
Light Sector Info
Lighthouse viewing sector
On, Off
On
Other Symbols
Other map symbols
On, Off
On
Marks Size
Mark size
Large, Small
Large
CNTOUR LINE
soft key
(See next page.)
Depth < 10 m
On, Off
On
Depth = 10 m
On, Off
On
Depth > 10 m
On, Off
On
Depth Information
On, Off
On
5-12
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
CNTOUR LINE soft key
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
3. Press the CNTOUR LINE soft key.
CNTOUR
LINE
DEPTH < 10m
ON
DEPTH = 10m
ON
DEPTH > 10m
ON
DEPTH INFORMATION
ON
EDIT
10m = APPROX. 30ft
OR 5fa OR 6pb
RETURN
Contour line menu (FURUNO, NavCharts™)
5.4.3
C-MAP chart attributes
C-MAP chart attributes may be turned on or off from the CHART DETAILS menu,
which you may display by pressing the [MENU] key followed by the CHART
SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
WAYPOINT
ON
WAYPOINT NAME
ON
LAT/LON GRID
ON
CHART BORDER LINE
ON
PORT & SERVICE
ON
ATTENTION AREA
ON
NAV LANE
ON
LIGHT
ON
BUOY & BEACON
ON
SIGNALS
ON
CARTOGRAPHIC OBJECT
ON
CHART
DETAILS
CHART
DETAILS
PLACENAME
ON
COMPASS
EDIT
EDIT
ON
TIDE & CURRENT
DEPTH
INFO
ON
DEPTH
INFO
NATURAL FEATURE
ON
RIVER & LAKE
ON
CULTURAL FEATURE
NEXT
PAGE
LANDMARK
RETURN
CHART GENERATION
ON
ON
ON
PREV.
PAGE
NEW OBJECT
ON
COMPLEX OBJECT ICON
MULTIPLE
INFORMATION LEVEL
BASIC
Page 1
Page 2
Chart details menu (C-MAP)
5-13
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of chart details menu (C-MAP)
Item
Waypoint
Waypoint Name
Lat/Lon Grid
Description
Waypoint display
Waypoint name
Latitude and longitude grids
Settings
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
Chart Border Line
Port & Service
Attention Area
Nav Lane
Light
Border lines (indices)
Port services icon display
Attention area icon display
Navigation lanes
Lighthouse icon, sector
On, Off
On, Off
On, Contour, Off
On, Off
On, No Sector,
Off
On
On
On
On
On
Buoy & Beacon
Buoys, beacons display
On, Off
On
Signal
Cartographic Object
Signals category icon
Cartographic objects category
icon
On, Off
On, Off
On
On
Place Name
Geographic names
On, Off
On
Compass
Tide & Current
Natural Feature
River & Lake
Cultural Feature
Landmark
Chart Generation
Compass category icons
Tide display
Land outline
Rivers and lakes
Cultural features icons
Landmarks category icons
Chart generation category
icons
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
New Object
Complex Object Icon
New object category icons
Single or multiple icon for
object composed of several
icons
Basic or detailed data for
objects
Bathymetric Line
Spot Sounding
Bottom Type
Depth Area Limit
On, Off
Multiple, Single
On
Multiple
Basic, Detailed
Basic
On, Off
On, Off
On, Off
0-99999 ft
(m, fa, P/B)
0-99999 ft
(m, fa, P/B)
On
On
On
33 ft (10 m, 6 fa,
6 P/B)
0-30 ft (0-10 m, 0-6 fa,
0-6 P/B)
Information Level
DEPTH INFO soft key
(See next page.)
Bathymetric Range
5-14
Default Setting
On
On
On
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
DEPTH INFO soft key
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the CHART SETUP and CHART DETAILS soft keys.
3. Press the DEPTH INFO soft key.
BATHYMETRIC LINE
ON
SPOT SOUNDING
ON
BOTTOM TYPE
ON
DEPTH AREA LIMIT
33ft
BATHYMETRIC RANGE
00000-00033ft
DEPTH
INFO
EDIT
RETURN
Depth info menu (C-MAP)
5-15
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.5
Data Boxes Setup
You may select the data to show in the data boxes for the plotter, radar and
sounder displays. Six boxes may be displayed in case of small size data box and
two for large size data box.
1. Display the radar, plotter or sounder display, whichever you want to set.
2. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
3. Press one of the following sets of soft keys depending on the display selected
at step 1.
Plotter mode: PLOTTER SETUP, D. BOX
Radar mode: RADAR DISPLAY SETUP, D. BOX
Sounder mode: SOUNDER MENU, D. BOX
DATA
BOX
▲
DATABOX SIZE
SMALL
POSITION
WAYPOINT
COG
SOG
STW
BEARING
RANGE
TIME TO GO
ETA
TEMPERATURE
DEPTH
TRIP LOG
DATE
TIME
WIND
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
EDIT
RETURN
Data box menu
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
5-16
Use the trackball to select an item, then press the EDIT soft key.
Select ON or OFF as desired.
Press the ENTER soft key or the [ENTER] knob to register your selection.
Repeat steps 4-6 to turn other items on or off.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.6
Hot Page Setup
Five user-arrangeable hot pages are provided for quick selection of desired
display.
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by pressing the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION,
SYSTEM SETUP, HOT PAGE & NAV DISP SETUP and HOT PAGE SETUP
soft keys in that order.
HOT PAGE 1
HOT PAGE 2
HOT PAGE 3
HOT PAGE 4
HOT PAGE 5
Hot page setup screen, page 1
2. Use the trackball to select the hot page number to set, then press the EDIT
soft key.
HOT PAGE 1
RADAR
PLOT
SNDR
NAV
Hot page setup screen, page 2
5-17
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
3. Use the trackball to select a screen, then press the [ENTER] knob. A screen
with mostly combination displays appears. The example below shows the
displays available with radar.
HOT PAGE 1
Hot page setup screen, page 3
4. Rotate the [ENTER] knob to select screen desired, then press the [ENTER]
knob.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-18
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7
Navigator Setup
This section provides the information necessary for selecting the type of
navigator connected to your plotter.
5.7.1
Navigation data source
The NAV SETUP menu
mainly selects the
source of nav data. For
GPS receiver other
than the GP-310B/320B
speed averaging and
local time offset (to use
local time) are also
available. Press the
[MENU] key followed by
the SYSTEM
CONFIGURATION,
NAV OPTION and NAV
SOURCE SETTINGS
soft keys to display this
menu.
NAV
SETUP
POSITION SOURCE
ALL
SPEED AVERAGING*
0060
LOCAL TIME OFFSET*
+00:00
EDIT
* For GPS receiver other
than GP-310B/320B.
RETURN
Nav setup menu
Contents of nav setup menu
Item
Description
Position
Source
Chooses source of position data.
Speed
Averaging
Calculation of ETA is based on
average ship’s speed over a given
period. If the period is too long or too
short, calculation error will result.
Change this setting if calculation
error occurs.
GPS uses UTC time. If you would
rather use local time, enter the time
difference between it and UTC. Use
the +< - ->- soft key to switch from
plus to minus and vice versa.
Offsets NMEA water temperature
data.
Offsets NMEA depth data.
Local Time
Offset
Temp
Calibration
Depth
Calibration
Settings
FURUNO BB GPS: GPS
Receiver GP-310B/320B
GP: GPS navigator (via
NETWORK or NMEA port)
LC: Loran C navigator
(via NETWORK or NMEA
port)
ALL: Multiple navaid
connection (via NETWORK
or NMEA port)
0-9999 seconds
Default
Setting
ALL
60 seconds
-13:30 to +13:30 hours
(This setting is not
necessary when the time
difference is entered to the
navaid connected.)
-40°F - +40°F
00:00
-15 - +90 ft
0 ft
0°F
5-19
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7.2
GPS receiver setup
The GPS SETUP menu sets up the GPS Receiver GPS-310B/320B. Press the
[MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and
GPS SENSOR SETTINGS soft keys to display this menu.
LOCAL TIME OFFSET
+00:00
GEODETIC DATUM
WGS-84
POSITION SMOOTHING
000 second(s)
SPD/CSE SMOOTHING
005 second(s)
GPS SPEED AVERAGING
060 second(s)
LATITUDE OFFSET
0.000’N
LONGITUDE OFFSET
0.000’E
DISABLE SATELLITE
__ __ __
LATITUDE
45°35.000’ N
LONGITUDE
125°00.000’ W
ANTENNA HEIGHT
005 m
GPS FIX MODE
2D/3D
COLD START
NO
GPS
SETUP
EDIT
GPS
STATUS
WAAS
SETUP
Appears only when
GPS-320B is connected.
RETURN
GPS setup menu
Contents of GPS setup menu
Item
Description
Settings
Local Time
Offset
GPS uses UTC time. If you would
rather use local time, enter the time
difference between it and UTC. Use
the +< - ->- soft key to switch from
plus to minus and vice versa.
Geodetic
Datum
Geodetic datum is a reference for
See Appendix for
geodetic survey measurements
full list.
consisting of fixed latitude, longitude
and azimuth values associated with a
defined station of reference. You
must have the correct geodetic
datum selected in your plotter so that
it will reference the correct point on
the chart for a given latitude and
longitude. Although WGS-84 is now
the world standard, other categories
of charts still exist. Refer to Appendix
for a full list of geodetic datum.
(Con’t on next page)
5-20
-13:30 to +13:30
hours
Default Setting
00:00
WGS-84
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of GPS setup menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Description
Settings
Default Setting
Position
Smoothing
When the DOP or receiving condition
is unfavorable, the GPS fix may
change greatly, even if the vessel is
not moving. This change can be
reduced by smoothing the raw GPS
fixes. A setting between 000 to 999 is
available. The higher the setting the
more smoothed the raw data. If the
setting is too high, the response time
required to show a change of latitude
and longitude will be too long. This is
especially noticeable if the vessel is
moving fast. Increase the setting if
the GPS fix changes randomly.
0-999 seconds
0 seconds (no
position smoothing)
Spd/Cse
Smoothing
During position fixing, ship’s velocity
(speed and course) is directly
measured by receiving GPS satellite
signals. The raw velocity data may
vary too much depending on
receiving conditions and other
factors. You can reduce this random
variance by increasing the
smoothing. The higher the smoothing
setting, the more the raw data will be
averaged. If this setting is high, the
response to speed and course
changes will slow. For no smoothing,
enter all zeroes.
0-999 seconds
5 seconds
GPS Speed
Averaging
Calculation of ETA is based on
average ship’s speed over a given
period. If the period is too long or too
short, calculation error will result.
Change this setting if calculation
error occurs. The default setting is
suitable for most conditions.
0-9999 seconds
60 seconds
Latitude Offset
Offsets latitude position to further
refine position accuracy. Use the
N < - - > S soft key to switch
coordinate.
9.999’S – 9.999’N
0.0’ (no offset)
Longitude
Offset
As above but for longitude. Use the
W < - - > E soft key to switch
coordinate.
9.999’E – 9.999’W
0.0’ (no offset)
(Con’t on next page)
5-21
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Contents of GPS sensor settings menu (con’t from previous page)
Item
Description
Settings
Max. 3 satellites
Default Setting
None
Disable
Satellite
Every GPS satellite is broadcasting
abnormal satellite number(s) in its
Almanac, which contains general
orbital data about all GPS satellites,
including those which are
malfunctioning. Using this
information, the GPS receiver
automatically eliminates any
malfunctioning satellite from the GPS
satellite schedule. However, the
Almanac sometimes may not contain
this information. If you hear about a
malfunctioning satellite from another
source, you can disable it manually.
Enter satellite number (two digits,
max. 3 satellites), then press the
ENTER soft key.
Latitude
Sets initial latitude position after cold
start. Use the N < - - > S soft key to
switch coordinate.
—
45°35’N
Longitude
Sets initial longitude position after
cold start. Use the W < - - > E soft
key to switch coordinate.
—
125°00’W
Antenna
Height
Enters the height of the GPS
antenna unit above sea surface. For
further details refer to the installation
manual.
0-99 m
5m
GPS Fix Mode
Chooses position fixing method: 2D
(three satellites in view), 2D/3D
(three or four satellites in view
whichever is greater).
2D, 2D/3D
2D/3D
Cold Start
Clears the Almanac to receive the
latest Almanac.
No, Yes
No
GPS STATUS
(soft key)
Displays GPS satellite status display. Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B or GPS
navigator outputting the data sentence GSA or GSV. For further details see the
chapter on Maintenance.
5-22
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
WAAS SETUP
Press the WAAS SETUP soft key to show the WAAS SETUP display.
Note: This function requires GP-320B.
Contents of WAAS SETUP menu
Item
Description
Settings
WAAS MODE
Select ON to use the WAAS mode.
On, Off
WAAS SEARCH
WAAS satellite can be searched
automatically or manually. For manual
search, enter appropriate WAAS satellite
number.
Auto, Manual
DISABLE GEO
Not used.
WAAS ALARM
When the WAAS signal is lost, the audible
alarm sounds with the visual message
“NO WAAS SIGNAL.”
Default setting
Off
On, Off
Off
00 to 27, 99
02
On: Alarm continues to sound until the
WAAS positioning mode is available again
or the alarm is recognized by key
operation.
Off: Alarm sounds three times.
CORRECTION
DATA SET
Selects the type of message for WAAS
correction. Use "02 (Default Setting)" until
the WAAS System changes from its
current "Testing Status" to "Operational
Status".
5-23
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.7.3
TD display setup
The TD SETUP menu sets which Loran C or Decca chain to use to display TD
position. (Connection of a Loran C or Decca navigator is not necessary to
display TD position.) Press the [MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM
CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and TD SETUP soft keys to display this menu.
TD
LORAN-C
SETUP
GRI
9940:11-27
U.S. WEST COAST
CORRECTION 1
+000.0 µs
CORRECTION 2
+000.0 µs
DECCA
CHAIN
01 R-G
S BALTIC
CORRECTION 1
+00.00 lane
CORRECTION 2
+00.00 lane
EDIT
RETURN
TD setup menu
Displaying Loran C TDs
1. Select GRI, then press the EDIT soft key to show the GRI & station pair
window.
GRI & STATION PAIR
▼
▲
9940
11-27
▼
U.S. WEST COAST
Loran GRI & station pair window
2. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select GRI code.
3. Roll the trackball rightward to show the display below, to enable selection of
station pair.
GRI & STATION PAIR
▲
▼
9940
11-27
▼
U.S. WEST COAST
Loran C GRI & station pair window
4. Adjust the trackball vertically to select station pair.
5-24
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5. Press the ENTER soft key to register your selection.
6. If necessary, you may enter a position offset to refine Loran C position
accuracy. Select (GRI) CORRECTION 1 or CORRECTION 2, then press the
EDIT soft key. Enter correction value with the trackball and [ENTER] knob.
Use the + < − −> - soft key to switch from plus to minus and vice versa. Press
the ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the RETURN soft key twice.
8. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key followed by the NEXT PAGE soft key.
9. Select “LORAN C” from “TD DISPLAY” and “TD” from “POSITION DISPLAY.”
10. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
Displaying DECCA TDs
1. Select CHAIN, then press the EDIT soft key to show the chain & station pair
window.
CHAIN STATION PAIR
01
▼
▲
R-G
▼
S BALTIC
Decca chain and station pair window
2. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select Decca chain number.
3. Roll the trackball rightward to show the display below, to enable selection of
station pair.
CHAIN STATION PAIR
▲
▼
01
R-G
▼
S BALTIC
Decca chain and station pair window
4. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to select station pair (R: red, G:
green and P: purple).
5. Press the ENTER soft key to register your selection.
6. If necessary, you may enter position offset to refine Decca position. Select
(CHAIN) CORRECTION 1 or CORRECTION 2, then press the EDIT soft key.
Enter correction value with the trackball and [ENTER] knob. Use the
+ < − −> - soft key to switch from plus to minus and vice versa. Press the
ENTER soft key or push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Press the RETURN soft key twice.
8. Press the GENERAL SETUP soft key followed by the NEXT PAGE soft key.
9. Select “DECCA” from “TD DISPLAY” and “TD” from “POSITION DISPLAY.”
10. Press the [MENU] key twice to close the menu.
5-25
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.8
Nav Data Display Setup
The nav data display shows various navigation data, fed from a navigator,
network equipment, etc. You may select the data to display and where to display
it as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP, HOT PAGE & NAV
DISP SETUP and NAV DATA DISPLAY SETUP soft keys.
NAV
DATA
1
POSITION
Positions
for full
screen
2
WPT POS
3
SOG
4
STW
5
COG
6
BEARING
7
RANGE
8
DEPTH
9
TEMP
10
LOG TRIP
11
TTG
EDIT
RETURN
12
ETA
Positions
for half
screen
13
DATE
14
TIME
Nav data setup screen
3. Use the trackball to select a location. Locations 1-9 are for the full-screen nav
data display and positions 10-14 for the half-screen nav data display.
4. Press the EDIT soft key. The following display appears.
DISPLAY DATA
¤
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
¡
POSITION
WPT POSITION
SOG
STW
COG
BEARING
RANGE
DEPTH
TEMPERATURE
LOG TRIP
TIME TO GO
ETA
DATE
TIME
WIND
Nav data setup window
5. Select the data to display, then press the ENTER soft key or [ENTER] knob
to register your selection.
6. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5-26
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9
Sounder Setup
This section shows you how to customize your network sounder to your liking.
You can set fish alarm sensitivity, fine tune sensors, etc.
5.9.1
System setup
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
FISH ALARM LEVEL
MEDIUM
TRANSMISSION
ON
TVG 200 kHz
3
TVG 50 kHz
3
ECHO OFFSET 200 kHz
+00
ECHO OFFSET 50 kHz
+00
BOTTOM LEVEL 200 kHz
+000
BOTTOM LEVEL 50 kHz
+000
KP PULSE
INTERNAL
SMOOTHING
SM3
TLL OUTPUT
ON
SYSTEM
SETUP
EDIT
SENSOR
SETUP
RETURN
Sounder system setup menu
Sounder system setup menu description
Item
Fish Alarm
Level
Description
Sets the fish alarm
sensitivity; that is, the
minimum echo strength
which will trigger the fish
alarms.
Settings
High:
Strongest
echoes trigger
the alarm.
Default Setting
Medium
Medium:
Strong-tomediumstrengthechoes trigger
the alarm.
Low: Any echo
triggers the
alarm.
Transmission
Turns TX power on/off.
On, Off
On
(Continued on next page)
5-27
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Sounder system setup menu description (con’t from previous page)
Item
5-28
Description
Settings
Default Setting
TVG
(50 kHz,
200 kHz)
0-9
TVG (Time Varied Gain)
compensates for propagation
attenuation of the ultrasonic
waves. It does this by
equalizing echo presentation so
that fish schools of the same
size appear in the same density
in both shallow and deep
waters. In addition, it reduces
surface noise. Note that if the
TVG level is set too high short
range echoes may not be
displayed.
Echo
Offset
(50 kHz,
200 kHz)
If the on-screen echo level
appears to be too weak or too
strong and the level cannot be
adjusted satisfactorily with the
gain control, adjust echo offset
to compensate for too weak or
too strong echoes.
Bottom
Level
(50 kHz,
200 kHz)
-100 - +100
If the depth indication is
unstable in automatic operation
or the bottom echo cannot be
displayed in the darkest tone by
adjusting the gain control in
manual operation, you may
adjust the bottom echo level
detection circuit, for both 50
kHz and 200 kHz, to stabilize
the indication. Note that if the
level is set too low weak
echoes may be missed and if
set too high the depth
indication will not be displayed.
0 (both 50 kHz and
200 kHz)
KP Pulse
Selects source of keying pulse.
(See installation manual.)
Internal,
External
Internal
Smoothing
Smoothes echoes to present
stable display. The higher the
setting the greater the
smoothing.
SM1-SM4,
OFF
SM3
TLL Output
Outputs current position to
plotter where it is marked with
TLL mark. Use a soft key to
output TLL.
ON, OFF
ON
SENSOR
SETUP
soft key
Offsets speed, depth, water
temperature indications and
speed of sound.
See next section for details.
-50 - +50
3 (both 50 kHz and
200 kHz)
0 (both 50 kHz and
200 kHz)
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9.2
Sensor setup
The SENSOR SETUP menu lets you further refine speed, water temperature
and depth data fed from the network sounder.
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SOUNDER SYSTEM SETUP and SENSOR SETUP soft keys to
show the SENSOR SETUP menu. The current ship’s speed, water
temperature, depth and speed of sound are shown at the bottom of the
menu.
SPEED CALIBRATION
+ 00%
TEMP CALIBRATION
+ 00°F
DEPTH CALIBRATION
+00ft
ASCTC SPD CALIBRATION
+ 000m/s
SPEED
TEMP
12.3kt
78.8°F
DEPTH
ACSTC SPD
125.0ft
SENSOR
SETUP
EDIT
RETURN
1500m/s
Sensor setup menu
3. Select item to adjust, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Adjust the trackball upward or downward to set appropriate value.
Speed and temperature calibrations: Enter plus or minus value. For
example, if the water temperature readout is 77°F but the actual water
temperature is 75°F, enter –2(°F).
Depth calibration: If you desire the depth readout to show the distance
between ship’s draft and bottom (rather than transducer and bottom), set
ship’s draft here. Enter a plus or minus value.
Acoustic speed calibration: Sets the speed of sound used by the network
sounder. Normally no adjustment is required, however if echoes are returning
too slow or too fast adjust the value as appropriate. This is only used if water
salinity is at an extreme level. Under normal circumstances, do not adjust.
Sensor setup menu settings
Item
Settings
Default Setting
Speed Calibration
-50 -+50%
0 (no offset)
Temperature Calibration
-40°F – +40°F
0 (no offset)
Depth Calibration
-15 - +90 ft
0 (no offset)
Acoustic Speed Calibration
-500 - +500 m/s
0 (no offset)
5. Press the RETURN soft key followed by the [MENU] key.
5-29
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5.9.3
Sounding range, zoom range, bottom lock range
This paragraph shows you how to set custom ranges for basic range, zoom
range (marker and bottom zoom) and bottom lock range. All default basic ranges
are restored whenever the unit of depth measurement is changed. Therefore,
change the depth unit before changing the basic ranges.
1. Show the sounder display, then press the [MENU] key to open the main
menu.
2. Press the SOUNDER RANGE SETUP soft key to show the SOUNDER
RANGE SETUP menu.
RANGE
SETUP
RANGE 1
15 ft
RANGE 2
EDIT
30 ft
RANGE 3
60 ft
RANGE 4
120 ft
RANGE 5
200 ft
RANGE 6
400 ft
RANGE 7
1000 ft
RANGE 8
4000 ft
ZOOM RANGE
30 ft
BOTTOM LOCK RANGE
20 ft
RETURN
Sounder range setup menu
3. Select the range to change, then press the EDIT soft key.
4. Use the trackball to set range desired, then press the RETURN soft key. For
basic range, set depth from lowest to highest; a range cannot be higher than
its succeeding neighbor.
5. Press the [MENU] key to finish.
Default basic ranges
Range 1
5m
15 ft
3 fa
3 P/B
Range 2
10 m
30 ft
5 fa
5 P/B
Range 3
20 m
60 ft
10 fa
10 P/B
Range 4
40 m
120 ft
20 fa
30 P/B
Range 5
80 m
200 ft
40 fa
50 P/B
Range 6
150 m
400 ft
80 fa
100 P/B
Range 7
300 m
1000 ft
150 fa
200 P/B
Setting range: 2 m –1200 m, 7 ft – 4000 ft, 1 fa – 650 fa, 1 P/B – 700 P/B
Zoom range and bottom-lock ranges
Item
Zoom Range
Bottom-lock
Range
5-30
Settings
2 m – 120 m, 7 ft – 400 ft,
1 fa – 60 fa, 1 P/B – 70 P/B
3 or 6 m, 10 or 20 ft, 2 or 3
fa, 2 or 3 P/B
Default Setting
10 m, 30 ft, 10 fa, 10 P/B
6 m, 20 ft, 3 fa, 3 P/B
Range 8
1200 m
4000 ft
650 fa
700 P/B
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
Function key setup
The function keys, shown when the soft keys are turned off, provide one-touch
execution of a desired function. The default sounder function key settings are as
shown in the table below.
Function Key
1
2
3
4
5
Default Function
Output current position.
Suppress clutter.
Erase weak signal.
Suppress noise.
Set picture advancement speed.
Function Key Label
TLL
CLT
SLV
NL
PA
If the above settings are not to your liking you may change them as follows:
1. Show the sounder display.
2. Press the [MENU] key.
3. Press the FUNCTION KEY SETUP soft key.
▲
Function key
setting
Function
key label
FUNC
KEY
SOFT KEY 1
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
T
L
L
SOFT KEY 2
CLT: CLUTTER
SOFT KEY 3
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
SOFT KEY 4
NL: NOISE LIMITER
SOFT KEY 5
PA: PICTURE ADV
EDIT
C
L
T
S
L
V
N
L
P
A
RETURN
Sounder function key menu
4. Select the function key you want to program, then press the EDIT soft key.
SOFT KEY 1
SOFT KEY 1
▲
OFF
MOD: AUTO MODE
G20: GAIN 200 kHz
G5: GAIN 50 kHz
SFT: SHIFT
NL: NOISE LIMITER
CLT: CLUTTER
WMK: WHITE MARKER
HUE: HUE
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
PA: PICTURE ADV
TG: TEMP. GRAPH
TV2: TVG 200 kHz
TV5: TVG 50 kHz
Scroll
down
EO2: OFFSET 200K
EO5: OFFSET 50K
SMT: SMOOTHING
ZMR: ZOOM RANGE
BLR: B/L RANGE
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
SSR: SNDR SOURCE
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
▲
5.9.4
Sounder function key options
5-31
5. CUSTOMIZING YOUR UNIT
5. Select function desired with the trackball, then press the ENTER soft key or
[ENTER] knob to register your selection.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Sounder function keys
Menu Item
Function
Function Key
Label
OFF
Assigns no function.
MOD: AUTO MODE
Display automatic mode selection window.
MOD
G20: GAIN 200 kHz
Displays 200 kHz gain adjustment window.
G20
G5: GAIN 50 kHz
Displays 50 kHz gain adjustment window.
G5
SFT: SHIFT
Shifts range in manual operation.
SFT
NL: NOISE LIMITER
Suppresses noise.
NL
CLT: CLUTTER
Suppresses clutter.
CLT
WMK: WHITE MARKER
Not used.
WMK
HUE: HUE
Not used.
HUE
SLV: SIGNAL LEVEL
Erases weak signals.
SLV
PA: PICTURE ADV
Sets picture advance speed.
PA
TG: TEMP. GRAPH
Turns temperature graph on/off.
TG
TV2: TVG 200 kHz
Sets TVG for 200 kHz.
TV2
TV5: TVG 50 kHz
Sets TVG for 50 kHz.
TV5
E02: OFFSET 200K
Offsets echo strength for 200 kHz.
EO2
E05: OFFSET 50K
Offsets echo strength for 500 kHz.
EO5
SMT: SMOOTHING
Sets echo smoothing rate.
SMZ
ZMR: ZOOM RANGE
Sets zoom range.
ZMR
BLR: B/L RANGE
Sets bottom lock range for bottom-lock
display.
BLR
TLL: TLL OUTPUT
Outputs current position to plotter. Also
inscribes line on sounder and registers
position as a waypoint on plotter.
TLL
SSR: SNDR SOURCE
Selects source for sounder data.
SSR
DBX: D. BOX ON/OFF
Turns data boxes on/off.
DBX
CHG: CHANGE CNTRL
Switches control in combination display.
CHG
Note: To use CHANGE CNTRL set it on all displays, with the same soft key number.
5-32
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.
DATA TRANSFER
This chapter provides information for saving and replaying data to and from
memory cards, uploading and downloading data, loading waypoint data from
Yeoman, and outputting data through the network.
6.1
Memory Card Operations
The memory cards store these data: marks, lines, waypoints, routes, track, and
setting data.
6.1.1
Formatting memory cards
Before you can use a memory card it must be formatted. This prepares the card
for use with the system. Note that formatting a memory card erases all data from
the card.
1. Insert a blank memory card into the card slot.
2. Press the [MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, DATA
TRANSFER, UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA and SAVE DATA TO MEMORY
CARD soft keys to show the SAVE DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
SETTING DATA
OFF
SAVE
DATA
EDIT
SAVE
FORMAT
RETURN
Save data menu
3. Press the FORMAT soft key. You are asked if you are ready to format the
memory card.
4. Push the [ENTER] knob to format (or press the [CLEAR] key to escape).
“NOW FORMATTING MEMORY CARD” appears. Do not remove the card
while it is being formatting. When the formatting is completed, “FORMAT
COMPLETED. PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears.
5. Push the [ENTER] knob to continue.
Note: If the memory card was not inserted correctly, the message “FAILED TO
FORMAT MEMORY CARD.” appears.
6-1
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.1.2
Saving data to a memory card
1. Insert a formatted memory card into the slot.
2. Press the [MENU] key followed by the CONFIGURATION, DATA
TRANSFER, UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA and SAVE DATA TO MEMORY
CARD soft keys to show the SAVE DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
SETTING DATA*
OFF
SAVE
DATA
EDIT
SAVE
FORMAT
RETURN
* = Plotter data only
Save data menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Use the trackball to select item to save.
Press the EDIT soft key.
Use the trackball to select ON.
Press the ENTER soft key.
Repeat steps 3 to 6 to choose other data to save if desired.
Press the SAVE soft key, then press the [ENTER] knob. The message “NOW
SAVING DATA TO MEMORY CARD. DO NOT TURN OFF DISPLAY UNIT
UNTIL COMPLETED.” appears.
When saving is completed, “COMPLETED SAVING DATA. PUSH ENTER KNOB
TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the [ENTER] knob to continue.
6-2
6. DATA TRANSFER
Memory card messages
Various memory card messages appear to alert you to memory card-related
error. These are tabulated below.
Memory card messages
Message
Reason
Remedy
Memory card is not
inserted. Please insert
memory card. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Memory card not
inserted.
Push the [ENTER] knob to return to the
SAVE DATA display and then insert card.
Memory card is not
formatted. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Unformatted memory
card.
Push the [ENTER] knob to return to the
SAVE DATA display. Format the card
referring to page 6-1.
Wrong card is inserted.
Please insert correct
memory card. Push
ENTER knob to
continue.
Chart card inserted
instead of memory
card.
Remove chart card, insert memory card,
and then push the [ENTER] knob to
continue.
Overwrite data?
(Track)
(Mark)
(WPT)
(Config)
Data type to be
recorded exists on
memory card. (Two or
more of same type of
data cannot be
recorded.)
Push the [ENTER] knob to overwrite same
data type on the card, or press the
[CLEAR] key to escape.
6-3
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.1.3
Playing back data from a memory card
Data (track, marks, lines, waypoints, routes and setting data) can be loaded from
a memory card and displayed on the screen. This feature is useful for observing
past data and setting up the equipment for a specific purpose with “setting data.”
1. Press the [MENU] key followed by the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION and
DATA TRANSFER soft keys.
2. Press the UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA soft key.
3. Press the LOAD DATA IN MEMORY CARD soft key to show the LOAD
DATA menu.
▲
TRACKS
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
SETTING DATA*
OFF
LOAD
DATA
EDIT
LOAD
RETURN
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
* = Plotter data only
Load data menu
Use the trackball to select item to load.
Press the EDIT soft key. (The EDIT soft key is inoperative when no memory
card is inserted or there is no data in the memory card.)
Use the trackball to select ON. (Select OFF to not load selected data.) Press
the ENTER soft key. If the memory card does not contain the item selected,
the unit beeps and ON cannot be selected.
After selecting all items desired, press the LOAD soft key, then press the
[ENTER] knob. The message “START LOADING FROM MEMORY CARD.”
appears.
After loading is completed, the message “COMPLETED LOADING DATA.
PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the [ENTER] knob.
Notes on loading data
Tracks: Since loaded track data is added to internal track, oldest track will be
erased when the track memory capacity is exceeded.
Marks & lines: The loaded data is added to internal data. When the mark/line
memory becomes full no marks may be entered.
Waypoints & routes: The loaded data replaces previously stored data.
Setting data: The loaded data replaces current configuration settings. If the
memory card is ejected while loading or data could not be loaded, push the
[ENTER] knob to restart with default settings. Note that track memory capacity is
not saved or loaded. To use loaded setting data, turn the power off and on again.
6-4
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.2
Uploading, Downloading Data
You can upload/download waypoints, routes, marks and lines from/to a PC,
through the DATA 4 port at the rear of the display unit. Note that radar and
sounder data cannot be uploaded or downloaded.
6.2.1
Setting communication software on the PC
The communication format (RS-232C) with the PC is as follows:
Baud Rate:
Character Length:
Stop bit:
Parity:
X Control:
4800 bps
8 bits
1 bit
None
XON/XOFF (fixed)
The following data can be downloaded/uploaded between a PC and this
equipment:
• Waypoint data (In alphanumeric order)
• Route data (In order of route number)
• End of sentence
Note 1: There are two kinds of data for route data: route data and route
comment data.
Note 2: Wiring information appears on the UPLOAD or DOWNLOAD menu.
6.2.2
Uploading or downloading data
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Connect the PC to the equipment.
Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD DATA soft key.
Press the DOWNLOAD WPT/ROUTE TO PC or UPLOAD WPT/ROUTE
FROM PC soft key.
UPLOAD
RS232C SETTINGS
· 4800BPS,
· 8BIT,
·1STOP BIT,
· PARITY NONE,
· CONTROL Xon/Xoff
EDIT
UPLOAD
SELECT
WIRING INFORMATION
BPS
DISPLAY UNIT PC: DSUB9
TxD
>1>-WHITE-<2<RD
RxD
>2>-BLUE -<3<SD
RD-A
>3>-YELLOW
RD-B
>4>-GREEN
+12V
>5>-RED
RETURN
EXT BUZZ >6>-BLACK
GND
>7>-SHIELD-<5<SG
▲
▲
WAYPOINT & ROUTES
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINT & ROUTES
OFF
MARKS & LINES
OFF
DOWNLOAD
RS232C SETTINGS
· 4800BPS,
· 8BIT,
·1STOP BIT,
· PARITY NONE,
· CONTROL Xon/Xoff
EDIT
DWLOAD
SELECT
WIRING INFORMATION
BPS
DISPLAY UNIT PC: DSUB9
TxD
>1>-WHITE-<2<RD
RxD
>2>-BLUE -<3<SD
RD-A
>3>-YELLOW
RD-B
>4>-GREEN
+12V
>5>-RED
RETURN
EXT BUZZ >6>-BLACK
GND
>7>-SHIELD-<5<SG
Upload and download menus
6-5
6. DATA TRANSFER
7. To change the baud rate, press the SELECT BPS soft key.
BAUD RATE
▲
¤
¡
¡
4800 bps
9600 bps
19200 bps
▼
Baud rate window
8. Select baud rate, then press the ENTER soft key.
9. Press the DWLOAD or UPLOAD soft key. You are asked if you are ready to
download or upload waypoints and routes.
10. Push the [ENTER] knob to download or upload.
Waypoint data format
PFEC, GPwpl, llll.llll, a, yyyyy.yyy, a, c----c, c, c----c, a <CR><LF>
1 2
3
4
5
6 7
8
Waypoint data format
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
Waypoint latitude
N/S
Waypoint longitude
E/W
Waypoint name (Number of characters is fixed to 6 and space code is placed
when the number of characters are less than 6.)
6: Waypoint color
7: Waypoint comment (1 byte for mark code + 13 characters of comment.)
1st byte of mark code: Fixed to “@”.
2nd byte of mark code: Internal mark code. See Note 1.
8. Information of marking waypoint. Always set to “A”.
“A”: Displayed
“V”: Not displayed
Note 1: The following characters can be used for comments:
_ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789&'#
=9
=>
=B
=F
=;
=:
=?
=<
=@
=D
=C
=G
==
=A
=E
=H
Characters available for comment
6-6
6. DATA TRANSFER
Route data menu
$GPRTE, x, x, a, ccc, c----c, c----c, ... , c----c <CR><LF>
5
1 2 3
4
6
12
Route data format
1: Number of sentences required for one complete route data (1 to 4). See Note
2.
2: Number of sentences currently used (1 to 4)
3: Message mode (Always set to C)
4: Route No. (001 to 300, 3 digits required)
5 through 12: Waypoint name (Max. 8 names, length of each waypoint name is
fixed to 7 byte)
Note 2: A route can may contain 35 waypoints, and the GPRTE sentence for
one route data may exceed 80 byte limitation. In this case, route data is
divided into several GPRTE sentences (Max. 4 sentences). This value
shows the number of sentences the route data has been divided.
Route comment data format
$PFEC, GPrtc,
xx, c----c <CR><LF>
1
2
Route comment format
1: Route No. (01 to 200, 3 digits required)
2: Route comment (Max. 16 characters, variable length)
The same characters of the comment for waypoint comment can be used.
End of sentence
$PFEC, GPxfr,
CTL, E <CR><LF>
End of sentence
6-7
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.3
Loading Waypoint Data from Yeoman
Waypoint data can be loaded from a Yeoman to this equipment. Connect the
Yeoman to a DATA port on this equipment and then follow the procedure below.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the RECEIVE YEOMAN DATA soft key.
You are asked if you are sure to receive waypoint data from Yeoman
equipment. Push the [ENTER] knob to receive the data.
The message “NOW RECEIVING YEOMAN DATA. PUSH SOFT KEY
‘STOP’ TO STOP RECEIVING.” Is displayed. If waypoint capacity is reached
the message “WAYPOINTS FULL. NO MORE WAYPOINT CAN BE
RECEIVED. PUSH ANY KEY TO STOP.” appears.
6. To stop receiving, press the STOP soft key.
7. After waypoints have been received, press the [MENU] key to finish.
6-8
6. DATA TRANSFER
6.4
Receiving Data Via Network Equipment
You can receive waypoints, routes, marks and lines from NavNet equipment.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the DATA TRANSFER soft key.
Press the RECEIVE DATA VIA NETWORK soft key.
HOST NAME
PLOT1 - - MARKS & LINES
OFF
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES
OFF
RECEIVE
DATA
EDIT
RCV
RETURN
Receive data menu
5. Select HOST NAME, then press the EDIT soft key.
HOST NAME
PLOT1---
Host name window
6. Use the trackball and the [ENTER] knob to input host name from which to
receive data, then push the [ENTER] knob.
7. Select the data you wish to receive, then press the EDIT soft key. For
example, select MARKS & LINES.
MARKS & LINES
▲
¡ ON
¤ OFF
▼
Marks & lines window
8. Select ON or OFF as appropriate, then press the ENTER soft key.
9. Turn WAYPOINTS & ROUTES on or off as appropriate.
6-9
6. DATA TRANSFER
10. Press the RCV soft key, then push the [ENTER] knob.
The message “NOW RECEIVING DATA.” is displayed. If no data could be
found, the message “(HOST NAME)’ IS NOT FOUND.” appears.
11. When the transfer is completed, the message “DATA TRANSFER
COMPLETED. PUSH ENTER KNOB TO CONTINUE.” appears. Push the
[ENTER] knob to finish.
12. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
6.5
Outputting Data Through the Network
Follow the procedure below to output data through the network.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, SYSTEM SETUP, PORT SETUP
and OUTPUT THROUGH NETWORK soft keys.
SELECT SENTENCE
AAM
APB
BOD
BWR
DPT
GGA
GLL
GTD
MTW
RMA
RMB
RMC
VHW
VTG
WPL
XTE
ZDA
HDT
HDG
MWV
---------------------
SELECT
SNTNC
ON/OFF
RETURN
Select sentence menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Select sentence with the trackball.
Press the ON/OFF soft key to turn sentence on or off.
Press the RETURN soft key.
Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: NMEA heading data cannot be output through the network.
6-10
7.
MAINTENANCE,
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter provides information necessary for keeping your unit in good
working order and remedying simple problems.
WARNING
Do not open the equipment.
Hazardous voltage which can
cause electrical shock exists
inside the equipment. Only
qualified personnel should
work inside the equipment.
7.1
Preventive Maintenance
Regular maintenance is important for optimum performance. A maintenance
schedule should be established and should at least include the items shown in
the table below.
Maintenance program
Item
7.2
Check point
Remedy
Display unit
connectors
Check for tight connection.
Tighten loosened
connectors.
CRT
The CRT will, in time, accumulate
a coating of dust which tends to
dim the picture. Wipe CRT lightly
with soft cloth to remove dust.
Do not use chemical
cleaners to clean any part of
the display unit; they can
remove paint and markings.
Ground terminal
Check for tight connection and
corrosion.
Clean or replace ground
wire as necessary.
Replacement of Battery
A battery fitted on a circuit board inside the display unit preserves data when the
equipment is turned off, and its life is about three years. When its voltage is low
the battery icon ( ) appears at the top of the display. When the icon appears,
contact your dealer to request replacement of the battery.
Parts Name
Lithium battery
Type
Code No.
CR2450-F2 ST2
000-133-495
7-1
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.3
Replacement of Fuse
The fuse on the power cable protects the equipment from reverse polarity of the
ship’s mains and equipment fault. If the fuse blows, find out the cause before
replacing it. Use the correct fuse (10A for 12 V device, 5A for 24 V device). Using
the wrong fuse will damage the equipment and void the warranty.
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can cause fire or
damage to the equipment.
7.4
Trackball Maintenance
If the cursor skips or moves abnormally, you may need to clean the trackball.
1. Turn the retainer ring counterclockwise 45° to unlock it.
Retainer ring
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Display unit
Remove the retainer ring and ball.
Clean the ball with a soft lint-free cloth, and then blow carefully into the
ball-cage to dislodge dust and lint.
Look for a build-up of dirt on the metal rollers. If dirty, clean the rollers using a
cotton swab moistened lightly with isopropyl-rubbing alcohol.
Make sure that fluff from the swab is not left on the rollers.
Replace the ball and retainer ring. Be sure the retainer ring is not inserted
reversely.
Note: Trackball maintenance parts are available as below.
Part
Retainer ring and ball
7-2
Type
MU3721
Code No.
000-144-645
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.5
Simple Troubleshooting
This section provides simple troubleshooting procedures which the user can
follow to restore normal operation. If you cannot restore normal operation do not
attempt to check inside the unit. Any trouble should be referred to a qualified
technician.
7.5.1
General
General troubleshooting
If…
you cannot turn on the
power
Then…
• check for blown fuse.
• check that the power connector is firmly fastened.
• check for corrosion on the power cable connector.
• check for damaged power cable.
• check battery for proper voltage output (10.8 to 31.2 V).
there is no response
when a key is pressed
7.5.2
• turn off and on the power. If there still is no response the key may
be faulty. Request service.
Radar
Requires a network radar.
Radar troubleshooting
If…
you pressed the
[POWER/BRILL] key
and the RADAR TX
soft key to show the
radar picture
marks, legends
appear
the picture is not
updated or it freezes
But…
nothing appears on the display
Then…
• check that the antenna cable is
firmly fastened.
• check if radar source is correct.
no echo appears
• check Tx fuse in the power cable.
If it is blown, replace it.
• check antenna cable.
• for freeze up, turn the display unit
off and on again.
• magnetron may need to be
replaced. Contact your dealer.
• try to hit the [+] and [-] keys again.
• turn off and on the display unit.
• adjust A/C SEA.
—
tuning is adjusted
sensitivity is poor
the range is changed
radar picture does not change
there is poor
discrimination in range
the true motion
presentation is not
working properly
the range rings are
not displayed
—
—
—
• reselect true motion mode.
• check if heading and speed are
input.
• hit the RADAR DISPLY and
RINGS soft keys to display them.
7-3
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.5.3
Plotter
Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B.
Plotter troubleshooting
If…
Then…
position is not fixed
within three minutes
• check that antenna connector is firmly fastened.
position is wrong
• check that the correct geodetic chart system is selected, on the
GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
• check number of satellites received, on the GPS status display
(GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu, GPS STATUS key. See page
7-11).
• enter position offset, on the GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
track is not plotted
• track is not being plotted. (“H” icon appears at the top of the
display.) Press the TRACK HALT soft key on the TRACKS &
MARKS CONTROL menu to start plotting again.
bearing is wrong
• check that correct magnetic variation is entered, on the GENERAL
SETUP menu.
Loran C (or Decca)
TDs do not appear
• check that LORAN C (or DECCA) is selected at TD DISPLAY on
the GENERAL SETUP menu. Also, check that proper Loran C
(Decca) chains codes are entered, on the TD SETUP menu.
Loran C (or Decca)
TDs are wrong
• enter TD offset, on the TD SETUP menu.
ship’s speed indication • try to decrease speed/course smoothing, on the GPS SENSOR
is not zero after the
SETTINGS menu.
ship is stopped
7-4
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.5.4
Sounder
Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N.
Sounder troubleshooting
If…
you selected a
sounder display with
the DISP key
But…
picture does not appear
Then…
• check that the network sounder’s
signal cable is firmly fastened.
• Check that sounder source is
correct.
• check that the network sounder is
plugged in. The LED of the
network sounder should flash
every second.
marks and
characters appear
picture does not appear
• check for loosened transducer
connector.
picture appears
zero line does not appear
• the picture is shifted. Confirm the
shift setting.
picture sensitivity is
too low
—
• check gain setting, if using manual
operation.
• marine life or air bubbles may be
clinging to transducer face.
• bottom may be too soft to return a
suitable echo.
the depth indication
is not displayed
—
• adjust gain and range to display
the bottom echo, if you are using
the manual sounder mode.
noise or interference
shows on the display
—
• check to be sure the transducer
cable is not near ship’s engine.
• check the ground.
• other video sounders of the same
frequency as yours may be
operating near you.
the water
temperature graph
appears
data is wrong
• check that sensor cable is tightly
fastened.
7-5
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.6
Diagnostics
This paragraph provides the procedures for testing the equipment for proper
operation. Four tests are provided: Memory I/O test, Keyboard test, Remote
controller test, and Test pattern.
7.6.1
Memory I/O test
The memory I/O test provides for individual testing of the display unit, GPS
Receiver GP-310B, Network Sounder ETR-6/10N and ARP, displaying program
number and checking for proper operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the MEMORY I/O TEST soft key.
MEMORY
I/O TST
DISPLAY UNIT TEST
GPS SENSOR TEST*
NETWORK SOUNDER TEST**
ARP TEST***
RETURN
* = Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B.
** = Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N.
*** = Requires ARP-equipped Model
1800/1900 series network radar.
6. Then, press appropriate soft key to start a diagnostic test.
Memory I/O test menu
7-6
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
Display unit test
Press the DISPLAY UNIT TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test
the display unit. The equipment displays program version number and checks
devices. Results for device checks are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any
NG, request service. A test connector is required to check ports. “ - - “ is shown
when no test connector is connected. Chart number shown when chart is
inserted. Press the RETURN soft key to return the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 03591750XX*
ROM1, 2
: OK
ROM3
: OK
ROM4
: OK
SDRAM
: OK
SRAM
: OK
INT. BATT
: OK
PORT
NMEA IN/OUT : -NMEA IN
: -RS232
: -HEADING
: -NETWORK
: -CHART NUMBER:
H. PULSE
: OK
B. PULSE
: OK
(xx.x rpm)
ON TIME
: xxxxxx.x h
TX TIME
: xxxxxx.x h
No results appear when
"sub" radar selected as
radar source.
XX = Program Version No.
* = FURUNO, NAVIONICS model.
03591740XX for C-MAP.
Display unit test results
GPS sensor test (Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B)
Press the GPS SENSOR TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test
the GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B. The equipment displays GPS receiver
program version number, and checks the GPS receiver for proper operation,
displaying OK or NG (No Good) as the result. For NG, request service. Press the
RETURN soft key to return to the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 4850218XX
GPS UNIT : OK
For GP-320B:
4850238XX
Machine Status +115
XX = Program Version No.
GPS receiver test results
7-7
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
Network sounder test (Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N)
Press the NETWORK SOUNDER TEST soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST
menu to test the Network Sounder ETR-6/10N. The equipment displays network
sounder program version number, checks the ROM and RAM, and displays
water temperature (appropriate sensor required) and depth. The results of the
ROM and RAM check are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any NG, request
service. Press the RETURN soft key to return to the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 02523060XX
ROM 1, 2
: OK
RAM
: OK
TEMPERATURE
: 77°F
DEPTH
: 4000ft
Machine Status +115
XX = Program Version No.
Network sounder test results
ARP test (Requires ARP pcb in Model 1800/1900 series network radar)
The ARP test is mainly provided for the service technician. Press the ARP TEST
soft key at the MEMORY I/O TEST menu to test the ARP. For any NG, request
service. Press the RETURN soft key to return to the MEMORY I/O TEST menu.
PROGRAM No. 18590271XX
ARP ROM
: OK
ARP RAM
: OK
SPEED
: OK 12.3kt
COURSE
: OK 359.9°
TRIGGER
: OK
VIDEO
: OK
BEARING PULSE : OK
HEADING PULSE : OK
MINIMUM HIT
: 0003
SCAN-TIME
: 0250
MANUAL ACQ : 00
AUTO ACQ
: 00
FE-DATA1
: 000
FE-DATA2
: 000
Machine Status +115
XX = Program Version No.
ARP test results
7-8
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.6.2
Test pattern
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the TEST PATTERN soft key to show the test pattern.
RETURN
Test patterns
6. Press the RETURN soft key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
7-9
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.6.3
Keyboard, remote controller test
The keyboard test checks the controls on the display unit and remote controller
for proper operation.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the KEYBOARD & REMOTE TEST soft key.
PUSH "CLEAR" KEY
3 TIMES TO RETURN
K-BOARD
TEST
For Remote Controller
For Display Unit
I/R REMOTE CODE
Screen for testing keyboard, remote controller
6. Operate each control on the keyboard and remote controller one by one. A
key is functioning properly if its on-screen location “fills” in green when the
key is pressed. For the [ENTER] knob and trackball, rotate them to show
their X-Y positions digitally, and push the [ENTER] knob to confirm its
function.
7. Press the [CLEAR] key on the display unit or remote controller three times to
escape from the test.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
7-10
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.7
GPS Status Display
The GPS status display provides data about the GPS satellites. It is available
with connection of the GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B or a GPS navigator
outputting the data sentence GSA or GSV.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION, NAV OPTION and GPS SENSOR
SETTINGS soft keys to display the GPS SENSOR SETTINGS menu.
3. Press the GPS STATUS soft key.
Estimated position of satellite in the sky.
Satellites used for fixing position are circled.
N
23:59:59
FEB 27 2001
21
12
26
23
WAAS satellite
(GP-320B only)
30
29
W
GPS 3D
20
28 E
05
W
27
17
SNR
40
GPS fix state
DOP
1.2
DOP value
ALT
22 m
GPS antenna height
S
SAT
No. 30
23
12
29
27
01
17
26
05
20
21
30
28
Date and time
50
RETURN
Receive signal level
Bars show satellite
signal levels. Satellites
whose signal level
extends past 40 are
used to fix position.
124
WAAS satellite
(in three digits, GP-320B only)
GPS status display
4. Press the RETURN soft key to quit the GPS status display.
7-11
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.8
Clearing Memories
Your equipment has a memory for each of the plotter, radar and sounder
sections. These memories can be cleared to start operation with default settings.
The following data are not cleared: Heading adjustment, timing adjustment, MBS
level, tuning point, tuning indication (short, medium, long), video level, dead
sector, antenna height, STC curve, antenna type, on time, tx time.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the SYSTEM CONFIGURATION soft key.
Press the SYSTEM SETUP soft key.
Press the TEST & CLEAR soft key.
Press the MEMORY CLEAR soft key.
DISPLAY UNIT
NO
GPS SENSOR
NO
NETWORK SOUNDER
NO
MEMORY
CLEAR
EDIT
RETURN
Memory clear menu
6. Use the trackball to choose the memory to clear.
7. Press the EDIT soft key.
8. Use the trackball to select YES, then press the ENTER soft key. One of the
following displays appears depending on the selection made at step 6.
ALL SETTNGS EXCEPT
SNDR ARE RESET TO
DEFAULT. ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
BEGIN COLD START
TO CLEAR GPS
MEMORY. ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
Display Unit Clear
GPS Receiver Clear
Windows for clearing memory
9. Push the [ENTER] knob to clear memory selected.
10. Turn the power off and on again.
7-12
SOUNDER WILL BE
SET TO DEFAULT.
ARE YOU SURE?
YES ... PUSH ENTER KNOB
NO ... PUSH CLEAR KEY
Network Sounder Clear
7. MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
7.9
Error Messages
In addition to alarm messages your equipment also displays error messages to
alert you to .
Error messages
Error Message
Meaning
Remedy
• Check that display unit where the
sounder is connected is turned
on.
• Check network sounder’s
cabling.
• Check that display unit where the
radar is connected is turned on.
• Check antenna cable.
Have a qualified technician
replace the battery.
Connection with the ETR was
cut.
Network sounder disconnected.
Connection with the RADAR
was cut.
Radar disconnected.
Low Voltage! Internal Battery
Voltage of battery on circuit
board in display unit is low.
No bearing pulse detected.
No bearing pulse from radar
antenna.
Check antenna cable.
No GPS fix!
GPS navigator is turned off or
no GPS position data.
There may be obstacles
around GPS antenna.
No position data.
An error occurs on
GP-310B/320B.
Disconnect GPS cable from
the display unit, and then
contact your dealer.
Check heading sensor.
No heading pulse detected.
Heading data missing!
No heading pulse
Check heading cable.
7-13
This page is intentionally left blank.
APPENDIX
Menu Overview
MENU key
Radar
RADAR
DISPLAY
SETUP
MENU Key
RADAR
RANGE
SETUP
NM & sm range
(0.125/0.25/0.5/0.75/1/1.5/2/3/4/6/8/12/16/24/36/48/64)
km range
(0.25/0.5/0.75/1/1.5/2/3/4/6/8/12/16/24/36/48/64)
ARP SETUP
ARP TARGET INFO (INTERNAL ARP, EXTERNAL ARP, OFF)
CANCEL ALL TARGETS (YES, NO)
APP VECTOR MODE (TRUE, RELATIVE)
ARP VECTOR TIME (30 seconds; 1, 3, 6, 15, 30 minutes)
HISTORY INTERVAL (OFF, 30 seconds; 1, 3, 6 minutes)
CPA (OFF, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 nm)
TCPA (30 seconds; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12 minutes)
AUTO ACQUISITION AREA (ON, OFF)
TARGET ID NUMBER (ON, OFF)
(Requires ARP
circuit board.)
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP*
1
EBL REFERENCE (TRUE, RELATIVE)
CURSOR POSITION (LAT/LON, TD, RNG&BRG-REL, RNG&BRG-TRUE)
TUNING (AUTO, MAN)
TX SECTOR BLANKING (ON (FROM 000°, SECTOR 001°)), OFF)
NOISE REJECTION (ON, LOW, HIGH)
2ND ECHO REJECTION (OFF, LOW, HIGH)
WATCHMAN TIME (5, 10, 20 minutes)
RANGE UNIT (nm, km, sm)
TRAIL MODE (TRUE, RELATIVE)
D. BOX soft key
(DATA BOX SIZE SMALL/LARGE, POSITION, WAYPOINT, COG, SOG,
STW, BEARING, RANGE, TIME TO GO, ETA, TEMPERATURE, DEPTH,
TRIP LOG, DATE, TIME, WIND)
Max. range
36 nm/sm, km = 1833
48 nm/sm, km = 1933
64 nm/sm, km = 1943
SOFT KEY 1 - SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, HDG LINE OFF, MODE, GAIN, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN, FTC
(Model 1700 series NavNet radar only), ECHO STRETCH, PULSE
LENGTH, ZOOM, OFFCENTER, ECHO TRAIL, RINGS ON/OFF, TLL
OUTPUT, GUARD ALARM, EBL, VRM, TTM ON/OFF, WPT ON/OFF,
WATCHMAN, ACQUISITION (ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series
NavNet radar only), STBY/TX, RADAR SOURCE, D. BOX ON/OFF,
CHANGE CNTRL)
* Default settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, HDG LINE OFF; SOFT KEY 2, RINGS ON/OFF; SOFT KEY 3, ECHO TRAIL;
SOFT KEY 4, OFFCENTER, SOFT KEY 5, RADAR SOURCE
A-1
APPENDIX
1
SYSTEM
CONFIGURATION
GENERAL
SETUP
Page 1
Page 2
NAV
OPTION
KEY BEEP (ON, OFF)
LANGUAGE (ENGLISH, OTHERS)
RANGE UNIT
(nm, kt; km, km/h; sm, mph; nm&yd, kt; nm&m, kt; km&m, km/h; sm&yd, mph)
TEMPERATURE UNIT (°C, °F)
DEPTH UNIT (m, ft, fa, pb)
TEMPERATURE SOURCE (ETR, NMEA)
DEPTH SOURCE (ETR, NMEA)
RESET TRIP LOG (YES, NO)
LAT/LON DISPLAY
(DD° MM. MM’,
DD° MM. MMM’
DD°MM. MMMM’
DD° MM’ SS.")
TD DISPLAY (LORAN C, DECCA)
SPEED (SOG, STW)
POSITION DISPLAY (LAT/LON, TD)
TIME DISPLAY (12 HOURS, 24 HOURS)
INFRARED REMOTE MODE (A, B, C, D)
RANGE & BEARING MODE
(GREAT CIRCLE, RHUMB LINE)
BEARING READOUT (TRUE, MAGNETIC)
MAGNETIC VARIATION (AUTO, 0.70°W, MANUAL )
VIDEO BOOST TIME (3, 5, 10 15 min)
NAV
SOURCE
SETTINGS
POSITION SOURCE
(FURUNO BB GPS, GP, LC, ALL)
SPEED AVERAGING (0-9999 seconds, 60 seconds)
LOCAL TIME OFFSET (-13:30-+13:30 hr, 00:00)
TEMP CALIBRATION (-40°F - +40°F, 0°F)
DEPTH CALIBRATION (-15 - +90 ft, 0 ft)
GPS
SENSOR
SETTINGS
LOCAL TIME OFFSET (-13:30-+13:30, 00:00)
GEODETIC DATUM (WGS-84, OTHERS: See page A-10.)
POSITION SMOOTHING (0 - 999 seconds, 0 seconds)
SPD/CSE SMOOTHING (0 - 999 seconds, 5 seconds)
GPS SPEED AVERAGING (0 - 999 seconds, 60 seconds)
LATITUDE OFFSET (0.000 - 9.999’N(S), 0.000’N)
LONGITUDE OFFSET (0.000 - 9.999’W(E), 0.000’E)
DISABLE SATELLITE (Max. 3)
LATITUDE (45°35.000’N)
LONGITUDE (125°00.000’W)
ANTENNA HEIGHT (0 - 999 m, 5 m)
GPS FIX MODE (2D, 2D/3D)
COLD START (YES, NO)
GPS STATUS soft key
(Displays status of GPS satellites.)
TD SETUP
2
A-2
LORAN-C GRI (9940: 11-27 (US west coast))
CORRECTION 1 (-999.9-+999.9 µs, 000.0 µs)
CORRECTION 2 (-999.9-+999.9 µs, 000.0 µs)
DECCA CHAIN (01: R-G (South Baltic))
CORRECTION 1 (-99.99-+99.99 lane, 00.00 lane)
CORRECTION 2 (-99.99-+99.99 lane, 00.00 lane)
APPENDIX
2
PORT
SETUP
SYSTEM
SETUP
GPS/NMEA
PORT
FURUNO GPS SENSOR
(YES, NO)
OUTPUT FORMAT
(NMEA Ver.1.5, 2.0)
LAT/LON FORMAT
(DD° MM. MM’
DD° MM. MMM’
DD° MM. MMMM’)
OUTPUT DESTINATION (YES, NO)
SELECT SNTNC soft key*1
PC/NMEA/
EXT. BUZZ
PORT
NMEA OUTPUT FORMAT
(NMEA Ver.1.5, 2.0)
BAUD RATE
(4800, 9600, 19200 bps)
BIT LENGTH (7 bits, 8 bits)
STOP BIT (1 bit, 2 bits)
PARITY(EVEN, ODD, NONE)
SELECT SNTNC soft key*1
OUTPUT
THROUGH
NETWORK
Select data sentences to to output through the network.
See *1 below for sentences. All sentences are turned off
in the default setting.
*1 = AAM, APB, BOD, BWR/BWC#1, DPT/DBT#2, GGA, GLL, GTD, MTW, RMA, RMB,
RMC, VHW, VTG, WPL, XTE, ZDA, HDT, HDG, MWV
#1 =BWR with rhumb line; BWC with great circle
#2 =DPT with NMEA 0183 Ver. 2.0; DBT with NMEA0183 Ver. 1.5.
4
3
A-3
APPENDIX
4
3
TEST &
CLEAR
MEMORY
I/O TEST
DISPLAY UNIT TEST
GPS SENSOR TEST*
NETWORK SOUNDER TEST**
ARP TEST***
KEYBOARD & REMOTE TEST
TEST PATTERN
MEMORY
CLEAR
HOT PAGE
& NAV DISP
SETUP
SIMULATION
SETUP
DISPLAY UNIT (YES, NO)
GPS SENSOR (YES, NO)*
NETWORK SOUNDER (YES, NO)**
HOT PAGE SETUP (Sets up hot page 1 to 5.)
NAV DATA DISPLAY SETUP (Configures nav data displays.)
RADAR (SIMULATION 1, SIMULATION 2, LIVE)
PLOTTER (SIMULATION, LIVE)
SOUNDER (SIMULATION 1, SIMULATION 2, LIVE)
SPEED (0.0-99 kt, 0.0 kt)
COURSE (8 FIGURE, DIRECTION 0.0°-359.9°, 0.0°)
LATITUDE (85°0.0’N-85°0.0’, 45°35.000’N)
LONGITUDE (180°0.0’E-180°0.0’W, 125°00.000’W)
START DATE & TIME (00:00, 01.ARP.00)
RADAR SIMULATION DATA (YES, NO)
* = Requires GPS Receiver GP-310B/320B.
** = Requires Network Sounder ETR-6/10N.
*** = Requires ARP-equipped Model 1800/1900 series network radar.
DATA
TRANSFER
UPLOAD/
DOWNLOAD
DATA
DOWNLOAD WPT/RTE TO
PC (WAYPOINTS &
ROUTES, MARKS & LINES)
UPLOAD WPT/RTE FROM
PC (WAYPOINTS &
ROUTES, MARKS & LINES)
SAVE DATA TO MEMORY CARD
(TRACKS, MARKS & LINES,
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
SETTING DATA)
LOAD DATA IN MEMORY CARD
(TRACKS, MARKS & LINES,
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES,
SETTING DATA)
SELECT BPS soft key
4800
9600
19200 (bps)
RECEIVE YEOMAN DATA (Receives waypoint
data from Yeoman.)
RECEIVE DATA
VIA NETWORK
A-4
HOST NAME (PLOT)
MARKS & LINES (OFF, ON)
WAYPOINTS & ROUTES (OFF, ON)
APPENDIX
Plotter
CHART SETUP
MENU Key
CHART OFFSET (offsets chart position.)
TRACKS
& MARKS
CONTROL
OWN SHIP TRACK DISP (ON, OFF)
TARGET TRACK DISPLAY (ON, OFF)
INTERVAL (TIME, DISTANCE)
TIME INTERVAL (0 - 99m59s, 10 seconds)
DISTANCE INTERVAL (0 - 99.99nm/km/sm, 0.1 nm)
MEMORY (TRACK & MARK) (0 - 8000 points, 2000 points)
TRACK soft key (RESUME, HALT)
ERASE T & M soft key
ERASE ALL TRACKS
ERASE TRACKS BY AREA
ERASE TARGET TRACKS
ERASE ALL MARKS/LINES
ERASE MARKS BY AREA
MARK SETUP soft key
✕
MARKS SHAPE ( ¡
)
,
,
LINES STYLE ( ,
MARKS SIZE (LARGE, SMALL)
CHART
DETAILS
(FURUNO &
NavChartsTM)
)
= Default setting
LAT/LON GRID (ON, OFF)
TEXT INFORMATION (ON, OFF)
WAYPOINTS (LARGE, SMALL, OFF)
WAYPOINT NAMES (ON, OFF)
CHART BORDER LINES (ON, OFF)
LANDMASS (BRIGHT, DIM, OFF)
NAVAIDS (ON, OFF)
LIGHT SECTOR INFO (ON, OFF)
OTHER SYMBOLS (ON, OFF)
MARK SIZE (LARGE, SMALL)
CNTOUR LINE soft key
DEPTH < 10m (ON, OFF)
DEPTH = 10m (ON, OFF)
DEPTH > 10m (ON, OFF)
DEPTH INFORMATION (OFF, ON)
1
2
A-5
APPENDIX
1
2
CHART
DETAILS
(C-MAP
chart)
Page 1
Page 2
DEPTH INFO soft key
BATHYMETRIC LINE
(ON, OFF)
SPOT SOUNDING
(ON, OFF)
BOTTOM TYPE
(ON, OFF)
DEPTH AREA LIMIT (33 ft)
BATHYMETRIC RANGE (0-33 ft)
WAYPOINT (ON, OFF)
WAYPOINT NAME (ON, OFF)
LAT/LON GRID (ON, OFF)
CHART BORDER LINE (ON, OFF)
PORT & SERVICE (ON, OFF)
ATTENTION AREA (ON, OFF)
NAV LANE (ON, OFF)
LIGHT (ON, OFF, NO SECTOR)
BUOY & BEACON (ON, OFF)
SIGNAL (ON, OFF)
CARTOGRAPHIC OBJECT (ON, OFF)
PLACE NAME (ON, OFF)
COMPASS (ON, OFF)
TIDE AND CURRENT (ON, OFF)
NATURAL FEATURE (ON, OFF)
RIVER & LAKE (ON, OFF)
CULTURAL FEATURE (ON, OFF)
LANDMARK (ON, OFF)
CHART GENERATION (ON, OFF)
NEW OBJECT (ON, OFF)
COMPLEX OBJECT ICON (SINGLE, MULTIPLE)
INFORMATION LEVEL (BASIC, DETAILED)
DEPTH INFO soft key (See left margin.)
PLOTTER
SETUP
3
A-6
WAYPOINT SWITCHING (PERPENDICULAR, ARRVL ALM CRCL, MANUAL)
COURSE VECTOR (VECTOR, LINE, OFF)
SET GOTO METHOD (1 POINT, 35 POINTS, 35PTS/PORT SVC)
D. BOX soft key (Choose data to display in data boxes. Same items as
for D. BOX soft key on the RADAR DISPLAY SETUP menu. See page A-2.)
APPENDIX
3
WAYPOINT/
ROUTE
WAYPOINTS
ROUTES
GOTO
NEW ROUTE
EDIT ROUTE
ERASE ROUTE
LOG
Destination
is required.
RESTART
STOP/RELEASE
RVRSE/FRWD
SPEED (SPEED FOR ETA)
COORD TYPE
CREATE
VOYAGEBASED
ROUTE
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP*
LOCAL LIST
ALPHANUMERIC LIST
WAYPOINT BY CURSOR
WAYPOINT BY RNG & BRG
NEW
SELECT ROUTE
SPEED 010.0 kt (0-999.9 kt)
GPS AVE, SPEED
BCK TRK TME
BCK TRK DIST
MANUAL
SOFT KEY 1 - SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, ADD NEW WPT, MOVE WPT, RULER, GOTO WPT, GOTO
ROUTE, EDIT MK/LINE, TRACK ON/OFF, TTM ON/OFF, DEL TGT
TRK, ALPHA LIST, LOCAL LIST, ROUTE LIST, DATA BOX ON/OFF,
CHANGE CNTRL)
(Assigns function of each plotter function key.)
* Defaut settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, TRACK ON/OFF; SOFT KEY 2, EDIT MARK/LINE:
SOFT KEY 3, RULER; SOFT KEY 4, ADD NEW WPT;
SOFT KEY 5, ALPHA LIST
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (Same items as on page A-2.)
A-7
APPENDIX
Sounder
MENU Key
SOUNDER
MENU
NOISE LIMITER (OFF, LOW, MEDIUM, HIGH)
CLUTTER (0-16, AUTO)
ZOOM MARKER (ON, OFF)
SIGNAL LEVEL (OFF, SL1, SL2, SL3)
PICTURE ADVANCE (2/1, 1/1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, STOP)
TEMPERATURE GRAPH (ON, OFF)
SPD SENSING PIC ADV (ON, OFF)
D. BOX soft key (Same items as on plotter menu. See page A-2.)
SOUNDER
SYSTEM
SETUP
FISH ALARM LEVEL (HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW)
TRANSMISSION (ON, OFF)
TVG 200 kHz (0 - 9, 3)
TVG 50 kHz (0 - 9, 3)
ECHO OFFSET 200 kHz (-50 - +50, 0)
ECHO OFFSET 50 kHz (-50 - +50, 0)
BOTTOM LEVEL 200 kHz (-100 - +100, 0)
BOTTOM LEVEL 50 kHz (-100 - +100, 0)
KP PULSE (INTERNAL, EXTERNAL)
SMOOTHING (OFF, SM1, SM2, SM3, SM4)
TLL OUTPUT (ON, OFF)
SENSOR SETUP soft key
SPEED CALIBRATION (-50 - +50%, 0%)
TEMP. CALIBRATION (-40°F - +40 °F, 0°F)
DEPTH CALIBRATION ( -15 - +90 ft, 0 ft)
ACSTC SPD CALIBRATION (-500 - +500m/s, 0 m/s)
SOUNDER
RANGE
SETUP
RANGE 1 - RANGE 8*
ZOOM RANGE (2-120 m, 10 m; 7-400 ft, 30 ft; 1-60 fa, 10 fa; 1-70 P/B, 10 P/B)
BOTTOM LOCK RANGE (3 m, 6 m; 10 ft, 20 ft; 2 fa, 3 fa; 2 P/B, 3 P/B)
FUNCTION
KEY SETUP#
SOFT KEY 1- SOFT KEY 5
(OFF, AUTO MODE, GAIN 200 kHz, GAIN 50 kHz, SHIFT, NOISE LIMITER,
CLUTTER, WHITE MARKER, HUE, SIGNAL LEVEL, PICTURE ADV,
TEMP. GRAPH, TVG 200 kHz, TVG 50 kHz, OFFSET 200K, OFFSET 50K,
SMOOTHING, ZOOM RANGE, B/L RANGE, TLL OUTPUT, SNDR
SOURCE, D. BOX ON/OFF, CHANGE CNTRL)
(Assign function of echo sounder function key.)
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION (Same items as on page A-2.)
* = Default sounder ranges
Range 1
Range 3
Range 4
Range 5
Range 6
Range 7
Range 8
5m
Range 2
10 m
20 m
40 m
80 m
150 m
300 m
1200 m
15 ft
30 ft
60 ft
120 ft
200 ft
400 ft
1000 ft
4000 ft
3 fa
5 fa
10 fa
20 fa
40 fa
80 fa
150 fa
650 fa
3 P/B
5 P/B
10 P/B
30 P/B
50 P/B
100 P/B
200 P/B
700 P/B
# Default settings for function keys:
SOFT KEY 1, TLL OUTPUT; SOFT KEY 2, CLUTTER; SOFT KEY 3, SIGNAL LEVEL:
SOFT KEY 4, NOISE LEVEL, SOFT KEY 5, PICTURE ADV
A-8
APPENDIX
ALARM key
Radar Alarms
ALARM key
SET GUARD 1 (ERASE GUARD 1)
SET GUARD 2 (ERASE GUARD 2)
Plotter Alarms
AUDIO ALARM (INT & EXT BUZZ, INTERNAL BUZZ, OFF)
ALARM key
ARRIVAL ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.010 nm(km/sm))
ANCHOR WATCH ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.010 nm(km/sm))
PROXIMITY ALARM (ON, OFF)
XTE ALARM (ON, OFF, default range: 0.050 nm(km/sm))
SPEED ALARM (WITHIN, UNDER/OVER, OFF)
TRIP ALARM (ON, OFF)
BOTTOM ALARM (ON, OFF)
TEMPERATURE ALARM (WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE, OFF)
NEXT INFO soft key (Shows which alarms have been violated.)
CLEAR ALARM soft key (Acknowledges violated alarm.)
Sounder Alarms
ALARM key
AUDIO ALARM (INT & EXT BUZZ, INTERNAL BUZZ, OFF)
BOTTOM ALARM (ON, OFF)
TEMPERATURE ALARM (WITHIN RANGE, OUT OF RANGE, OFF)
FISH ALARM (ON, OFF)
FISH ALARM (B/L) (ON, OFF)
NEXT INFO soft key (Shows which alarms have been violated.)
CLEAR ALARM soft key (Acknowledges violated alarm.)
A-9
APPENDIX
Geodetic Chart List
001: WGS84
002: WGS72
003: TOKYO : Mean Value (Japan, Korea, and Okinawa)
004: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Mean Value (CONUS)
005: EUROPEAN 1950 : Mean Value
006: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1984 : Australia and Tasmania Island
007: ADINDAN : Mean Value (Ethiopia and Sudan)
008: : Ethiopia
009: : Mall
010: : Senegal
011: : Sudan
012: AFG : Somalia
013: AIN EL ABD 1970 : Bahrain Island
014: ANNA 1 ASTRO 1965 : Cocos Island
015: ARC 1950 : Mean Value
016: : Botswana
017: : Lesotho
018: : Malawi
019: : Swaziland
020: : Zaire
021: : Zambia
022: : Zimbabwe
023: ARC 1960 : Mean Value (Kenya, Tanzania)
024: : Kenya
025: : Tanzania
026: ASCENSION ISLAND 1958 : Ascension Island
027: ASTRO BEACON "E" : Iwo Jima Island
028: ASTRO B4 SOR. ATOLL : Tem Island
029: ASTRO POS 71/4 : St. Helena Island
030: ASTRONOMIC STATION 1952 : Marcus Island
031: AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1966 : Australia and Tasmania Island
032: BELLEVUE (IGN) : Efate and Erromango Islands
033: BERMUDA 1957 : Bermuda Islands
034: BOGOTA OBSERVATORY : Colombia
035: CAMPO INCHAUSPE : Argentina
036: CANTON ISLAND 1966 : Phoenix Islands
037: CAPE : South Africa
038: CAPE CANAVERAL : Mean Value (Florida and Bahama Islands)
039: CARTHAGE : Tunisia
040: CHATHAM 1971 : Chatham Island (New Zealand)
041: CHUA ASTRO : Paraguay
042: CORREGO ALEGRE : Brazil
043: DJAKARTA (BATAVIA) : Sumatra Island (Indonesia)
044: DOS 1968 : Gizo Island (New Georgia Island)
045: EASTER ISLAND 1967 : Easter Island
046: EUROPEAN 1950 (Cont'd) : Western Europe
047: : Cyprus
048: : Egypt
049: : England, Scotland, Channel, and Shetland Islands
050: : England,Ireland, Scotland, and Shetland Islands
051: : Greece
052: : Iran
053: : Italy Sardinia
054: : Italy Sicily
055: : Norway and Finland
056: : Portugal and Spain
057: EUROPEAN 1979 : Mean Value
058: GANDAJIKA BASE : Republic of Maldives
059: GEODETIC DATUM 1949 : New Zealand
060: GUAM 1963 : Guam Island
061: GUX 1 ASTRO : Guadalcanal Island
062: HJORSEY 1955 : Iceland
063: HONG KONG 1963 : Hong Kong
064: INDIAN : Thailand and Vietnam
065: : Bangladesh, India, and Nepal
066: IRELAND 1956 : Ireland
067: ISTS 073 ASTRO 1969 : Diego Garcia
068: JHONSTON ISLAND 1961 : Johnston Island
069: KANDAWALA : Sri Lanka
070: KERGUELEN ISLAND : Kerguelen Island
071: KERTAU 1948 : West Malaysia and Singapore
072: LA REUNION : Mascarene Island
073: L.C. 5 ASTRO : Cayman Brac Island
074: LIBERIA 1964 : Liberia
075: LUZON : Philippines (Excluding Mindanao Island)
076: : Mindanao Island
077: MAHE 1971 : Mahe Island
078: MARCO ASTRO : Salvage Islands
079: MASSAWA : Eritrea (Ethiopia)
080: MERCHICH : Morocco
081: MIDWAY ASTRO 1961 : Midway Island
082: MINNA : Nigeria
083: NAHRWAN : Masirah Island(Oman)
084: : United Arab Emirates
085: : Saudi Arabia
086: NAMIBIA : Namibia
A-10
087: MAPARIMA, BWI : Trinidad and Tobago
088: NORTH AMERICAN 1927 : Western United States
089: : Eastern United States
090: : Alaska
091: : Bahamas (Excluding San Salvador Island)
092: : Bahamas San Salvador Island
093: : Canada (Including Newfoundland Island)
094: : Alberta and British Columbia
095: : East Canada
096: : Manitoba and Ontario
097: : Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan
098: : Yukon
099: : Canal Zone
100: : Caribbean
101: : Central America
102: : Cuba
103: : Greenland
104: : Mexico
105: NORTH AMERICAN 1983 : Alaska
106: : Canada
107: : CONUS
108: : Mexico, Central America
109: OBSERVATORIO 1966 : Corvo and Flores Islands (Azores)
110: OLD EGYPTIAN 1930 : Egypt
111: OLD HAWAIIAN : Mean Value
112: : Hawaii
113: : Kaual
114: : Maui
115: : Oahu
116: OMAN : Oman
117: ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN 1936 : Mean Value
118: : England
119: : England, Isle of Man, and Wales
120: : Scotland and Shetland Islands
121: : Wales
122: PICO DE LAS NIVIES : Canary Islands
123: PITCAIRN ASTRO 1967 : Pitcairn Island
124: PROVISIONAL SOUTH CHILEAN 1963 : South Chile (near 53° s)
125: PROVISIONAL SOUTH AMERICAN 1956 : Mean Value
126: : Bolivia
127: : Chile Northern Chie (near 19° s)
128: : Chile Southern Chile (near 43° s)
129: : Colombia
130: : Ecuador
131: : Guyana
132: : Peru
133: : Venezuela
134: PUERTO RICO : Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands
135: QATAR NATIONAL : Qatar
136: QORNOQ : South Greenland
137: ROME 1940 : Sardinia Islands
138: SANTNA BRAZ : Sao Maguel, Santa Maria Islands (Azores)
139: SANTO (DOS) : Espirito Santo Island
140: SAPPER HILL 1943 : East Falkland Island
141: SOUTH AMERICAN 1969 : Mean Value
142: : Argentina
143: : Bolivia
144: : Brazil
145: : Chile
146: : Colombia
147: : Ecuador
148: : Guyana
149: : Paraguay
150: : Peru
151: : Trinidad and Tobago
152: : Venezuela
153: SOUTH ASIA : Singapore
154: SOUTHEAST BASE : Porto Santo and Medeira Islands
155: SOUTHWEST BASE : Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge, and Terceira Islands
156: TIMBALAI 1948 : Brunel and East Malaysia (Sarawak and Sadah)
157: TOKYO : Japan
158: : Korea
159: : Okinawa
160: TRISTAN ASTRO 1968 : Tristan da Cunha
161: VITI LEVU 1916 : Viti Levu Island (Fiji Islands)
162: WAKE-ENIWETOK 1960 : Marshall Islands
163: ZANDERIJ : Suriname
164: BUKIT RIMPAH : Bangka and Belitung Islands (Indonesia)
165: CAMP AREA ASTRO : Camp Mcmurdo Area, Antarctica
166: G. SEGARA : Kalimantan Islands(Indonesia)
167: HERAT NORTH : Afghanistan
168: HU-TZU-SHAN : Taiwan
169: TANANARIVE OBSERVATORY 1925 : Madagascar
170: YACARE : Uruguay
171: RT-90 : Sweden
172 : Pulkovo 1942 : Russia
APPENDIX
World Time Chart
A-11
APPENDIX
Icons
Icon
Meaning
North marker. Points to North.
Correct chart and suitable scale - full chart reliability.
Chart overenlarged.
Chart card not inserted.
Wrong chart card inserted.
Chart scale too small.
Plotter, radar, sounder alarm setting violated.
Track is not being recorded or plotted.
Chart offset applied.
SA
VE
Voyage-based route currently being created.
Latitude and longitude position offset applied.
Voltage of battery on circuit board in display unit is low. Contact your dealer
about replacement.
SI
A-12
Simulation mode.
M
SPECIFICATIONS OF MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1833/1933/1943
1
GENERAL
1.1 Indication System
PPI Daylight display, raster scan, monochrome CRT
1.2 Range, Pulse length (PL) & Pulse Repetition Rate (PRR)
Range (nm)
Pulse length (µs)
PRR (Hz approx.)
0.125 to 1.5
0.08
2100
1.5 to 3
0.3
1200
3 to 64*
0.8
600
*Maximum Range: M1833: 36nm, M1933: 48nm, M1943: 64nm
1.3 Range Resolution
20 m
1.4 Bearing Resolution
M1833: 4.0°, M1933: 2.4°, M1943: 1.9°
1.5 Minimum Range
27 m
1.6 Bearing Accuracy
±1°
1.7 Range Ring Accuracy
0.9 % of range or 8 m, whichever is the greater
2
2.1
SCANNER UNIT
MODEL1833:
2.1.1 Radiator
Printed waveguide array
2.1.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.1.3 Antenna Rotation
24 rpm nominal
2.1.4 Radiator Length
60 cm
2.1.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 3.9°
2.1.6 Vertical Beamwidth
20°
2.1.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-18 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-23 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
2.2
MODEL1933:
2.2.1 Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
2.2.2 Polarization
Horizontal
2.2.3 Antenna Rotation
24 or 48 rpm nominal
2.2.4 Radiator Length
100 cm (XN10)
2.2.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 2.4°
2.2.6 Vertical Beamwidth
27°
2.2.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-20 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-28 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
2.3
MODEL1943:
2.3.1 Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
2.3.2 Polarization
Horizontal
SP - 1
E3502S01D
2.3.3 Antenna Rotation
24 or 48 rpm nominal
2.3.4 Radiator Length
120 cm (XN12)
2.3.5 Horizontal Beamwidth 1.9°
2.3.6 Vertical Beamwidth
22°
2.3.7 Sidelobe Attenuation
-24 dB or less (within ±20° of main-lobe)
-30 dB or less (±20° of main-lobe or more)
3
TRANSCEIVER MODULE
3.1
Frequency and Modulation
3.2
Peak Output Power
9410 MHz ±30MHz (X band), P0N
M1833/1933: 4 kW nominal,
M1943: 6 kW nominal
3.3
Modulator
FET Switching Method
3.4
Intermediate Frequency 60 MHz
3.5
Tuning
Automatic or manual
3.6
Receiver Front End
MIC (Microwave IC)
3.7
Bandwidth
Tx pulselength 0.08 µs and 0.3 µs: 25 MHz
Tx pulselength 0.8 µs: 3 MHz
3.8
Duplexer
Circulator with diode limiter
3.9
Warming up
90 sec. approx.
4
4.1
DISPLAY UNIT
Picture Tube
M1833 /1933/1943
10-inch rectangular monochrome CRT
640(H) x 481(V) dots, Effective radar display dia.: 130 mm
4.2
Range, Range Ring Interval (RI), Number of Rings
Range (nm)
0.125
RI (nm)
0.0625 0.125 0.125 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1 1 2 2 3 4 6 12 12 16
Rings
2
0.25
2
0.5
4
0.75
3
1
4
1.5
3
2
4
3 4 6 8 12 16 24 36 48 64
3 4 3 4 4 4 4 3 4 4
Maximum range: M1833: 36nm, M1933: 48nm, M1943: 64nm
4.3
Markers
Heading Line, Bearing Scale, Range Rings,
Variable Range Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL),
Alarm Zone, Waypoint Mark (navigation input required)
4.4
Alphanumeric Indications Range, Range Ring Interval, Interference Rejection (IR),
Variable Range Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL),
Stand-by (ST-BY) , Echo Averaging (EAV), TX Pulse width
Guard Alarm (G(IN), G(OUT)), Echo Stretch (ES),
Range and Bearing to Cursor or Cursor Position,
Echo Trailing (TRAIL), Trailing Time,
Data Box (Position, COG, SOG, STW etc. selectable on menu)
SP - 2
E3502S01D
4.5
Input Data
IEC 61162-1 (NMEA 0183 Ver1.5/2.0)
Own ship’s position:
GGA>RMC>RMA>GLL
Ship’s speed:
RMC>RMA>VTG>VHW
Bearing (True):
HDT>HDG*1>HDM*1> VHW
Bearing (Magnetic):
HDM>HDG*1>HDT*1> VHW
Course:
RMC>RMA>VTG
Waypoint (Range, bearing): RMB>WPL>BWR>BWC
Water depth:
DPT>DBT>DBS>DBK
Wind:
MWV>VWT>VWR
Water Temperature:
MTW
Time:
ZDA
*1
4.6
: calculated by magnetic deviation
Output Data
Alarm signal
12 VDC, 100 mA or less
NMEA 0183 Ver1.5
GGA, GLL, RMA, RMC, GTD, VTG, ZDA (GPS data required)
RMB, WPL, BWC or BWR, APB, AAM, BOD, XTE, VHW, MTW,
DPT or DBT, DBS (ETR required),
TLL (L/L, Heading data required), TTM (ARPA required)
5. PLOTTER FUNCTION
5.1
Projection
Mercator
5.2
Usable Area
85 latitude or below
5.3
Effective Area
180 x 134 mm
5.4
Display pixels
640 x 481 dots
5.5
Position Indication
Latitude/longitude, Loran C LOP or DECCA LOP
5.6
Effective Projection Area 0.125 nm to 1,024 nm (at equatorial area)
5.7
Track Display
Plot interval: by time (1 sec. to 99 min. 59 sec.) or
by distance (0 to 99.9 nm)
5.8
Colors
Red, yellow, green purple, light-blue, blue, white
5.9
Memory Capacity
Track/mark: 8000 points, Waypoint: 999 points
5.10 Storage Capacity
Simple route: 200 routes with 35 waypoints each
5.11 MOB
1 point
5.12 Quick Routes
1 course with 35 waypoints max.
5.13 Electronic Chart
FURUNO chart card or NAVIONICS chart card available
C-MAP chart card also available for C-MAP NT Model
5.14 Alarms
Arrival and Anchor watch, Cross track error and proximity
alarms, Ship’s speed in and out alarms, Water temperature,
Trip alarm, Fish alarm, Bottom alarm (ETR required)
SP - 3
E3502S01D
6
6.1
6.2
POWER SUPPLY
Rated Voltage/Current
M1833:
12-24 VDC: 5.0-2.5 A
M1933 (24 rpm):
12-24 VDC: 6.5-3.2 A
M1933 (48rpm):
12-24 VDC: 7.8-3.9 A
M1943 (24rpm):
12-24 VDC: 7.2-3.7 A
M1943 (48rpm):
12-24 VDC: 8.0-4.0 A
Rectifier (option)
PR-62 (M1833):
100/110/220/230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
RU-3423 (M1933/1943): 100/110/220/230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
7
7.1
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
Ambient Temperature
Scanner Unit: -25°C to +70°C
Display Unit: -15°C to +55°C
Remote Controller: +5°C to +45°C
7.2
Relative Humidity
93 % or less at +40°C
7.3
Waterproofing
Scanner Unit: IPX6
Display Unit: IPX5 (External monitor connected: IPX0)
Remote Controller: IPX0
7.4
8
Bearing Vibration
COATING COLOR
8.1
Display Unit
8.2
Scanner Unit
9
IEC 60945-3rd
N3.0
M1833:
N9.5 (upper), 2.5PB3.5/10 (lower)
M1933/1943:
N9.5
COMPASS SAFE DISTANCE
9.1
Display Unit
Standard: 0.85 m
Steering: 0.45 m
9.2
Scanner Unit
M1833:
Standard: 0.90 m
Steering: 0.70 m
M1933/1943:
Standard: 1.00 m
Steering: 0.75 m
SP - 4
E3502S01D
INDEX
A
Audio alarm................................................... 3-52
A/C RAIN ........................................................2-5
AUTO S.SPD soft key................................... 2-21
A/C SEA ..........................................................2-4
AUTO/D. BOX soft key ................................... 4-8
ACQ soft key.................................................2-36
ALARM key
plotter ........................................................3-52
radar..........................................................2-30
sounder .....................................................4-17
Alarms
anchor watch ............................................3-54
arrival ........................................................3-53
audio .........................................................3-52
bottom .......................................................4-18
CPA/TCPA ................................................2-43
fish ............................................................4-18
B
Battery replacement ....................................... 7-1
Bearing measurement by EBL...................... 2-15
Bearing reference ........................................... 5-3
Bottom alarm ................................................ 4-18
Bottom discrimination display ......................... 4-6
Bottom echo.................................................. 4-23
Bottom-lock display......................................... 4-6
Bottom-zoom display ...................................... 4-5
BRILL BOOST soft key................................... 1-9
Brilliance ......................................................... 1-8
fish(B/L).....................................................4-19
C
guard.........................................................2-30
CENTER soft key.......................................... 1-14
heading data missing..................................2-8
CHART DETAILS menu................................ 5-12
lost target ..................................................2-44
CHART OFFSET soft key............................. 5-11
messages (plotter) ....................................3-59
Charts
messages (radar)......................................2-31
C-MAP chart attributes ............................. 5-13
messages (sounder) .................................4-22
cursor and data display (C-MAP) ............. 3-14
proximity....................................................3-56
data for aids to navigation ........................ 3-12
speed ........................................................3-55
FURUNO chart attributes ......................... 5-12
trip .............................................................3-57
icon data (C-MAP) .................................... 3-15
water temperature.....................................4-20
icons ......................................................... 3-10
XTE (cross track error) .............................3-55
indices ...................................................... 3-10
Anchor watch alarm ......................................3-54
inserting ...................................................... 1-6
Antenna height (GPS)...................................5-22
NavCharts
ARP
offsetting ................................................... 5-11
TM
chart attributes .................... 5-12
acquisition of targets .................................2-37
port service icons...................................... 3-13
activating...................................................2-36
symbols for FURUNO, NavCharts
ARP SETUP menu....................................2-36
tide information (C-MAP) .......................... 3-16
CPA/TCPA alarm.......................................2-43
CLEAR ALARM soft key ............................... 4-21
data ...........................................................2-42
Clutter rejector .............................................. 4-13
deactivating...............................................2-36
C-MAP charts
TM
....... 3-11
lost target alarm ........................................2-44
attributes ................................................... 5-13
past position display .................................2-41
cursor and data display ............................ 3-14
test ..............................................................7-8
icon data ................................................... 3-15
tracking termination ..................................2-39
CNTOUR LINE soft key ................................ 5-13
vector ........................................................2-40
Cold start ...................................................... 5-22
Arrival alarm ..................................................3-53
Compass display ............................................ 3-3
A-scope display...............................................4-7
Index-1
INDEX
mode.........................................................2-26
Controls
display unit ..................................................1-2
starting ......................................................2-25
remote controller .........................................1-5
time ...........................................................2-24
Course-up mode
Economy mode ...............................................1-9
plotter ..........................................................3-8
EDIT XT-LMT soft key..............................3-4, 3-5
radar............................................................2-9
ENTER knob ...................................................1-4
CPA/TCPA alarm ...........................................2-43
Error messages.............................................7-13
Cursor
ETA calculation .............................................3-50
display format..............................................5-4
shifting.......................................................1-14
CURSOR soft key .........................................2-19
F
Fish alarm
sensitivity ..................................................5-27
D
setting .......................................................4-18
Data boxes
Fish alarm (B/L)
erasing ......................................................1-16
sensitivity ..................................................5-27
hiding.........................................................1-16
setting .......................................................4-19
rearranging................................................1-16
Fish school echo ...........................................4-24
setup .........................................................5-16
Fix mode (GPS Receiver).............................5-22
showing .....................................................1-16
Formatting memory cards...............................6-1
DEPTH INFO soft key ...................................5-15
FREQ 50/200 soft key ....................................4-3
Depth measurement......................................4-11
Function keys
Depth source...................................................5-2
function execution.....................................1-17
Depth unit........................................................5-2
setup (plotter)..............................................5-9
Diagnostics
setup (radar) ...............................................5-6
ARP test ......................................................7-8
setup (sounder).........................................5-31
display unit test ................................... 7-6, 7-7
Fuse replacement ...........................................7-2
GPS sensor test..........................................7-7
keyboard test ............................................7-10
network sounder test...................................7-8
G
GAIN key
radar ...........................................................2-2
test menu ....................................................7-6
test pattern ..................................................7-9
DISP key .......................................................1-11
Display modes...............................................1-10
Display unit test...............................................7-7
DISPLY MODE soft key ..................................4-2
Downloading data ...........................................6-5
Dual frequency display....................................4-4
E
sounder .....................................................4-10
GENERAL SETUP menu................................5-1
Geodetic datum ...........................................5-20
Geodetic datum codes................................. A-10
GPS Receiver setup .....................................5-20
GPS sensor test..............................................7-7
GPS SETUP menu .......................................5-20
GPS status display........................................ 7-11
Guard alarm
E. AVG soft key .............................................2-28
cancelling..................................................2-31
E. STR soft key .............................................2-27
setting .......................................................2-30
EBL reference .................................................5-4
EBL soft key ..................................................2-15
EBL/VRM key....................2-13, 2-15, 2-22, 2-23
Echo averaging .............................................2-28
Echo offset (sounder)....................................5-27
Echo stretch ..................................................2-27
Echo trails
gradation ...................................................2-25
Index-2
H
Heading line ..................................................2-16
Head-up mode ................................................2-9
Highway display ..............................................3-5
HL OFF soft key............................................2-16
Hot page setup..............................................5-17
INDEX
I
Messages
I. REJ. soft key..............................................2-18
memory cards............................................. 6-3
Icons............................................................. A-12
plotter alarms............................................ 3-59
Interference rejection
radar alarms ............................................. 2-31
radar..........................................................2-18
sounder alarms......................................... 4-22
sounder .....................................................4-12
MOB mark..................................................... 1-15
Multiple echoes (radar) ................................. 2-47
K
Keyboard test................................................7-10
N
Keying pulse .................................................5-27
Nav data display ............................................. 3-6
NAV DATA menu........................................... 5-26
L
Language ........................................................5-2
Latitude, longitude display ..............................5-2
Lines
entering .....................................................3-24
Nav data source............................................ 5-19
Nav data window ............................................ 3-2
NAV SETUP menu........................................ 5-19
Navigation
canceling route navigation........................ 3-51
erasing ......................................................3-27
port, port services ..................................... 3-46
type ...........................................................3-25
quick point ................................................ 3-44
LOAD DATA menu ..........................................6-4
restarting................................................... 3-49
Local time
routes........................................................ 3-48
GPS Receiver ...........................................5-20
switching waypoints in a route.................. 3-50
navigator (GPS, Loran C) .........................5-19
Lost target alarm ...........................................2-44
M
waypoints.................................................. 3-45
Navigator setup....................................5-19, 5-20
NavNet
Magnetic variation...........................................5-3
image source ............................................ 1-13
Maintenance
receiving data from ..................................... 6-9
battery replacement ....................................7-1
Network sounder test...................................... 7-8
fuse replacement ........................................7-2
NEXT INFO soft key ............................3-58, 4-21
preventive ...................................................7-1
Noise limiter (sounder) ................................. 4-12
trackball.......................................................7-2
Noise rejection (radar) .................................. 2-17
Marker-zoom display.......................................4-5
North marker................................................. 2-16
Marks
North-up mode
entering .....................................................3-24
plotter.......................................................... 3-7
erasing all .................................................3-26
radar ......................................................... 2-10
erasing individual ......................................3-26
shape ........................................................3-24
Memory
clearing .....................................................7-12
testing .........................................................7-6
Memory cards
O
Offset EBL .................................................... 2-22
OFFSET soft key .................................2-22, 2-23
P
Picture advance speed ................................. 4-15
error messages...........................................6-3
PLOTTER SETUP menu ................................ 5-8
formatting ....................................................6-1
PLOTTR CNTRL soft key ............................. 1-12
playing back ................................................6-4
Port, port services
saving data to .............................................6-2
icons ......................................................... 3-13
Memory I/O test ..............................................7-6
navigating to ............................................. 3-46
Menu tree ....................................................... A-1
Position offset ............................................. 5-21
Position smoothing ..................................... 5-21
POWER/BRILL key..................................1-7, 1-8
Index-3
INDEX
Presentation mode
plotter ..........................................................3-7
Shadow sectors ............................................2-48
Shift
radar............................................................2-8
automatic (radar) ......................................2-21
Proximity alarm .............................................3-56
manual (radar) ..........................................2-20
Pulselength (radar)..........................................2-7
sounder .....................................................4-10
SHIFT soft key .....................................2-20, 4-10
R
Racon ............................................................2-51
RADAR CNTRL soft key ...............................1-12
RADAR SETTING menu.................................5-3
RADAR TX/ST-BY soft key .............................2-2
Range
measurement by cursor (radar) ................2-12
measurement by range rings (radar) ........2-11
plotter ..........................................................3-9
Sidelobe echoes ...........................................2-47
Signal level erasure (sounder)......................4-14
SIM SETUP menu.........................................1-18
Simulation display.........................................1-18
Smoothing echoes (sounder)........................5-28
Soft keys .........................................................1-3
Speed alarm..................................................3-55
Speed averaging
(GPS Receiver).........................................5-21
radar............................................................2-6
setup (radar) ...............................................5-5
setup (sounder).........................................5-30
unit of measurement ...................................5-2
RANGE key
plotter ..........................................................3-9
radar............................................................2-6
sounder .......................................................4-9
Remote controller
navigator (GPS, Loran C) .........................5-19
Speed display..................................................5-2
Speed/course smoothing (GPS Receiver)....5-21
SPLIT soft key.................................................4-7
System configuration ......................................... x
SYSTEM SETUP menu (sounder)................5-27
T
TARGET INFO soft key.................................2-42
control description.......................................1-5
TARGET soft key ..........................................2-24
testing .......................................................7-10
TD display .......................................................5-2
RESET XTE soft key............................... 3-4, 3-5
TD setup
RINGS soft key .............................................2-11
Decca........................................................5-25
Routes
Loran C .....................................................5-24
cancelling navigation of.............................3-51
TD SETUP menu ..........................................5-24
connecting.................................................3-40
Test menu .......................................................7-6
entering with cursor...................................3-37
Test pattern .....................................................7-9
entering with existing waypoints ...............3-36
Time measurement (sounder) ...................... 4-11
erasing ......................................................3-43
Time notation ..................................................5-2
following ....................................................3-48
TLL data output (radar) .................................2-29
inserting waypoint from plotter display......3-42
TLL OUTPUT key .........................................2-29
inserting waypoint from route list ..............3-41
Track
removing waypoint from............................3-43
displaying other targets'............................3-19
voyage based............................................3-38
displaying own ship's ................................3-18
S
SART.............................................................2-49
Satellite disable (GPS Receiver)...................5-22
SAVE DATA menu ...........................................6-1
SAVE/MOB key .............................................1-15
Second-track echoes (radar) ........................2-33
Sensor setup .................................................5-28
SENSOR SETUP menu ................................5-29
SENSOR SETUP soft key.............................5-28
Index-4
erasing all own ship's................................3-23
erasing all targets'.....................................3-23
erasing own ship's by area .......................3-22
memory distribution setting.......................3-21
plotting interval..........................................3-20
plotting method .........................................3-20
plotting of own ship's ................................3-19
TRACK HALT soft key ..................................3-19
TRACK RESUME soft key............................3-19
INDEX
Trackball maintenance ....................................7-2
Water temperature graph.............................. 4-22
Trackball operation .......................................1-14
Water temperature unit ................................... 5-2
TRAIL ON/OFF soft key................................2-25
Waypoint marker (radar)............................... 2-34
TRAIL soft key...............................................2-24
Waypoints
TRAIL TIME soft key .....................................2-24
changing size............................................ 3-34
Trip alarm ......................................................3-57
editing from waypoint list .......................... 3-31
Trip distance resetting...................................3-60
editing waypoint position .......................... 3-32
Troubleshooting ..............................................7-3
editing with cursor..................................... 3-32
plotter ..........................................................7-4
entering at own ship position.................... 3-28
radar............................................................7-3
entering by range and bearing ................. 3-30
sounder .......................................................7-5
entering with cursor .................................. 3-28
True motion mode .........................................2-10
erasing from the menu ............................. 3-33
Tuning .............................................................2-2
erasing from waypoint list ......................... 3-33
TVG...............................................................5-28
erasing with cursor ................................... 3-33
Tx sector (radar) .............................................5-4
loading from Yeoman.................................. 6-8
navigating to ............................................. 3-45
U
searching .................................................. 3-35
Uploading data ................................................6-5
switching in route navigation .................... 3-50
V
World time chart............................................A-11
Vector (ARP) .................................................2-40
WPT MK soft key .......................................... 2-34
Virtual image .................................................2-48
VRM (Variable Range Marker)
radar..........................................................2-13
sounder ..................................................... 4-11
VRM soft key....................................... 2-14, 2-16
W
X
XTE (cross track error) alarm ....................... 3-55
XTE monitor.............................................3-4, 3-5
Y
Yeoman........................................................... 6-8
WAAS...................................................... xii, 3-23
Z
W. MAN soft key ...........................................2-32
Zero line........................................................ 4-23
Watchman .....................................................2-32
Zoom............................................................. 2-19
Water temperature alarm ..............................4-20
ZOOM/D. BOX soft key ................................ 2-19
Index-5
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