Furuno 1932 MARK-2 Radar Detector User Manual

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MARINE RADAR
MODEL
1932 MARK-2/1942 MARK-2
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
DANGER
Stay away from transmitting scanner.
The radar scanner emits microwave radiation which can be harmful to the
human body, particularly the eyes. Never look directly into the scanner
radiator from a distance of less than 1 m when the radar is in operation.
Radio Frequency Radiation Hazard
The radar scanner emits electromagnetic radio frequency (RF) energy which can be
harmful, particularly to your eyes. Never look directly into the scanner aperture from a
close distance while the radar is in operation or expose yourself to the transmitting
scanner at a close distance.
Distances at which RF radiation levels of 100 and 10 W/m2 exist are given in the table
below.
Note: If the scanner unit is installed at a close distance in front of the wheel house,
your administration may require halt of transmission within a certain sector of scanner
revolution. This is possible—Ask your FURUNO representative or dealer to provide
this feature.
MODEL
Radiator
type
Distance to
100 W/m2 point
Distance to
10 W/m2 point
1932 MK-2
XN10A
Worst case 0.10 m
Worst case 1.70 m
1942 MK-2
XN12A
Nil
Worst case 1.20 m
i
CAUTION
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not open the equipment.
Do not use the equipment for other than
its intended purpose.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
Use of the equipment as a stepping stool,
for example, can result in personal injury
or equipment damage.
Turn off the radar power
switch before servicing the
scanner unit. Post a warning sign near the switch
indicating it should not be
turned on while the scanner
unit is being serviced.
No one navigation device should ever be
solely replied upon for the navigation of
a vessel.
Always confirm position against all available
aids to navigation, for safety of vessel and
crew.
Prevent the potential risk of
being struck by the rotating
scanner and exposure to
RF radiation hazard.
Two warning labels are attached to the display
unit and scanner unit. Do not remove these labels.
If labels are peeling off or are illegible, contact
a FURUNO agent or dealer.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
<Display Unit>
Name: Warning Label (1)
Type: 86-003-1011-0
Code no.: 100-236-230
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, do not
remove cover. No user-serviceable
parts inside.
Turn off the power immediately if water
leaks into the equipment or the equipment is emitting smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock.
Use the proper fuse.
<Scanner Unit>
Name: Radiation Warning
Label
Type: 03-142-3201-0
Code no.: 100-266-890
Fuse rating is shown on the equipment.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in equipment
damage.
Keep heater away from equipment.
Heat can alter equipment shape and melt
the power cord, which can cause fire or
electrical shock.
ii
WARNING
Radiation hazard. Only qualified
personnel should work inside scanner.
Confirm that TX has stopped before
opening scanner.
COMPLIANCE WITH R&TTE DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC
This radar complies with the R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC. In accordance with Article 6-3 of
this directive, FURUNO intends to put this radar on the market of the following countries in
EU as well other markets.
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, The
Netherlands, United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway
iii
FOREWORD
Features
Congratulations on your choice of the
FURUNO MODEL 1932/1942 MARK-2 Marine Radar. We are confident you will see why
the FURUNO name has become synonymous with quality and reliability.
Your radar has a large variety of functions,
all contained in a remarkably small cabinet.
The main features of the MODEL 1932/1942
MARK-2 are:
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
innovative and dependable marine electronics equipment. This dedication to excellence
is furthered by our extensive global network
of agents and dealers.
¡ Traditional FURUNO reliability and quality in a compact, lightweight and low-cost
radar.
¡ Durable brushless scanner motor.
¡ On-screen alphanumeric readout of all operational information.
Your radar is designed and constructed to
meet the rigorous demands of the marine environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless properly
installed and maintained. Please carefully
read and follow the recommended procedures for, operation and maintenance.
¡ Standard features include EBL (Electronic
Bearing Line), VRM (Variable Range
Marker), Guard Alarm, Display Off Center, and Echo Trail.
¡ Watchman feature periodically transmits
the radar to check for radar targets which
may be entering the alarm zone.
We would appreciate hearing from you, the
end-user, about whether we are achieving
our purposes.
¡ Ship’s position in latitude and longitude
and Loran C Time Differences, range and
bearing to a waypoint, and ship’s speed/
heading/course can be shown in the bottom text area. (Requires a navigation aid
which can output such data in IEC 61162
format.)
Thank you for considering and purchasing
FURUNO equipment.
¡ Zoom feature provided.
¡ Optional Auto Plotter ARP-10 acquires
and automatically tracks 5 targets plus 5
targets manually, or 10 targets manually.
iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
3.5 Suppressing Radar Interference ....
3.6 Selecting Pulsewidth ......................
3.7 Guard Alarm ...................................
3.8 Watchman ......................................
3.9 Displaying Navigation Data ............
3.10 OTHER MENU Description ..........
3.11 Function Controls .........................
3.12 Suppressing Noise .......................
3.13 Adjusting Brilliance of Markers .....
3.14 Outputting Target Position ............
3.15 Dead Sector .................................
FOREWORD .............................. iii
MENU TREE ............................... v
TABLE OF CONTENTS BY
INDICATION, MARKER ............. vi
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION .... vii
1. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
1.1 What is Radar? ............................... 1-1
1.2 How Ships Determined Position
Before Radar ................................. 1-1
1.3 How Radar Determines Range ...... 1-1
1.4 How Radar Determines Bearing..... 1-1
1.5 Radar Wave Speed and Scannner
Rotation Speed .............................. 1-1
1.6 The Radar Display ......................... 1-1
3-3
3-4
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-8
3-8
3-8
3-8
4. FALSE ECHOES
4.1 Multiple Echoes ..............................
4.2 Side-lobe Echoes ...........................
4.3 Indirect Echoes ..............................
4.4 Blind and Shadow Sectors .............
4.5 SART (Search and Rescue
Transponder) .................................
2. BASIC OPERATION
2.1 Control Description......................... 2-1
2.2 Turning the Radar On/Off ............... 2-2
2.3 Transmitting .................................... 2-2
2.4 Stand-by ......................................... 2-2
2.5 Selecting the Range ....................... 2-3
2.6 Adjusting Picture Brilliance ............. 2-3
2.7 Adjusting Receiver Sensitivity ........ 2-3
2.8 Adjusting the A/C SEA Control
(reducing sea clutter) ..................... 2-3
2.9 Adjusting the A/C RAIN Control
(reducing rain clutter) ..................... 2-4
2.10 Erasing the Heading Marker,
North Marker ................................ 2-5
2.11 Measuring the Range ................... 2-5
2.12 Measuring the Bearing ................. 2-6
2.13 Using the Offset EBL .................... 2-6
2.14 Offcentering the Picture ................ 2-7
2.15 Zoom ............................................ 2-8
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-2
4-3
5. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
5.1 Preventive Maintenance .................
5.2 Replacing the Fuse ........................
5.3 Troubleshooting ..............................
5.4 Self Test ..........................................
5.5 Life Expectancy of Magnetron ........
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-3
6. OPERATION OF ARP-10
(OPTION)
6.1 General ..........................................
6.2 ARP-10 MENU Operation ..............
6.3 Acquiring Targets ............................
6.4 Displaying Target Data ...................
6.5 Mode and Length of Vectors ..........
6.6 Past Position Display ......................
6.7 Operational Warnings .....................
3. MENU OPERATION
6-2
6-2
6-4
6-5
6-6
6-6
6-6
SPECIFICATIONS ................ SP-1
3.1 Basic Menu Operation .................... 3-1
3.2 Selecting the Presentation Mode ... 3-1
3.3 Magnifying Long Range Echoes
(echo stretch) ................................. 3-2
3.4 Echo Trail ....................................... 3-2
INDEX .....................................IN-1
Declaration of Conformity
v
MENU TREE
MENU KEY
RINGS (Off, 1, 2, 3, max)
EBL OFFSET (Off, On)
SHIFT (Off, On)
ZOOM (Off, On)
MODE (HU, CU, NU, TM)
DISP DATA
ECHO TRAIL (Off, On)
ECHO STRTCH (Off, ES1, ES2)
ARP-10 MENU
OTHER MENU
(Options)
1. Display
2. All Cancel
3. Vector ref
4. Vector Length
5. History
6. CPA SET
7. TCPA SET
8. AUTO ACQ
1. Panel Dimmer (1, 2, 3, 4)
2. Mark Brill (1, 2, 3, 4)
3. HD Mark (1, 2, 3, 4)
4. Characters (1, 2, 3, 4)
5. Trail Tone (Single, Multi)
6. Int Reject (Off, 1, 2, 3)
7. Pulselength (Short, Long)
8. Noise Reject (Off, On)
9. Trail Time
(15S, 30S, 1M, 3M, 6M, 15M, 30M, Cont)
10. Tune (Auto, Manu)
11. Disp Data (Off, Nav, ARP, All)
12. WPT Mark (Off, On)
13. EBL Ref (Rel, True)
14. VRM Unit (nm, km, sm)
15. Watchman (Off, 5M, 10M, 20M)
16. STBY DISP (Norm, Econo, Nav)
17. Guard Mode (In, Out)
18. Own Position (L/L, TD)
19. Cursor Posi (B/R, L/L)
20. Alm Sense LV (Low, Mid, High)
21. Dead Sector (Off, On)
22. Range
36, 48) :1932 M2
(1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1, 1.5,
36, 48, 64) :1942 M2
2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24,
23. Self Test
24. Installation Setup
1. Nav Talker (All, GPS, LC)
2. Depth Unit (m, fa, ft)
3. Temp Unit (¡C, ¡F)
4. Hdg Sensor (Magnet, Gyro)
5. Key Beep (Off, On)
6. Scan Stop (Rotate, Stop)
: Defaut settings
7. Dead Sector
8. Tune/Video Adjustment
9. Heading Alignment
10. Sweep Timing Adjustment
11. MBS Adjustment
12. Ant Height (Low, Mid, High)
13. STC Curve (Sharp, Std, Gntl)
14. Ope Mode (Master, Slave)
15. Hours in Use
16. TX Hours
vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS BY
INDICATION, MARKER
Tuning indicator (P.3-7)
Echo trail elapsed time (P.3-3)
Heading (requires heading data)
Heading marker (P.2-5)
Echo trail time (P.3-3)
Guard Zone (P.3-4)
Range (P.2-3)
Range ring interval (P.2-3)
Pulselength (P.2-3)
Display mode (P.3-1)
. 125NM
. 0625
HDG 234.5¡
TRAIL
25 : 38
SP
HU
AUTO
30M
G (OUT)
ZOOM
ES1
OFFCENTER
Zoom (P.2-8)
Echo Stretch (P.3-2)
Off center (P.2-7)
Cursor (P.2-5, 2-6)
EBL2 (P.2-6)
Guard zone area (P.3-5)
EBL1 (P.2-6)
Range ring (P.2-3, 2-5)
VRM1 (P.2-5)
VRM2 (P.2-5)
North marker (P.2-5)
A/C AUTO (P.2-4)
EBL1 bearing (P.2-6)
EBL2 bearing (P.2-6)
A/C
AUTO
EBL
345.6¡ R
23.0¡ R
13.5 ¡ R
0.142NM
IR2
VRM
0.048NM
0.100NM
Interference rejector (P.3-3)
Cursor bearing (P.2-6)
Cursor range (P.2-5)
VRM1 range (P.2-5)
VRM2 range (P.2-5)
vii
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
Scanner Unit
MODEL 1932 MARK-2
XN10A-RSB-0070-064 (24 rpm)
XN10A-RSB-0073-064 (48 rpm)
MODEL 1942 MARK-2
XN12A-RSB-0070-059 (24 rpm)
XN12A-RSB-0073-059 (48 rpm)
Navigation
device
IEC 61162* (In/Out)
Video Sounder
Gyrocompass
IEC 61162* (In/Out)
Gyro Converter
AD-100
Integrated Heading
Sensor PG-1000
*Equivalent to NMEA 0183
Display Unit
Radar Plotter
RP-110
RDP-118
Remote Display
FMD-811
Auto Plotter
ARP-10
(24 rpm only)
External Alarm
Buzzer OP03-21
12 VDC: 10A
24/32 VDC: 5A
Rectifier
RU-3423
: Option
: Local Supply
12-32 VDC
115/230 VAC
Note: Even though the display unit meets waterproof standard IPX-5, the connection of external buzzer and/or remote display can affect waterproofness. Watertight integrity cannot be
guaranteed. When these modification has been done, the display unit should not be mounted
where exposed.
viii
vii
1. PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
1.1 What is Radar?
The term “RADAR” is an acronym meaning
Radio Detection And Ranging. Although the
basic principles of radar were developed during World War II, echoes as an aid to navigation is not a new development.
1.2 How Ships Determined
Position Before Radar
Before the invention of radar, when running
in fog near a rugged shoreline, ships would
sound a short blast on their whistles, fire a
shot, or strike a bell. The time between the
origination of the sound and the returning of
the echo indicated how far the ship was from
the cliffs or the shore. The direction from
which the echo was heard indicated the relative bearing of the shore.
1.3 How Radar Determines
Range
Radar determines the distance to the target
by calculating the time difference between the
transmission of a radar signal and the reception of the reflected echo. It is a known fact
that radar waves travel at a nearly constant
speed of 162,000 nautical miles per second.
Therefore the time required for a transmitted
signal to travel to the target and return as an
echo to the source is a measure of the distance to the target. Note that the echo makes
a complete round trip, but only half the time
of travel is needed to determine the one-way
distance to the target. This radar automatically takes this into account in making the
range calculation.
1.4 How Radar Determines
Bearing
The bearing to a target found by the radar is
determined by the direction in which the radar scanner is pointing when it emits an electronic pulse and then receives a returning
echo. Each time the scanner rotates pulses
are transmitted in the full 360 degree circle,
each pulse at a slightly different bearing from
the previous one. Therefore, if one knows the
direction in which the signal is sent out, one
knows the direction from which the echo must
return.
1.5 Radar Wave Speed and
Scanner Rotation Speed
Note that the speed of the radar waves out
to the target and back again as echoes is
extremely fast compared to the speed of rotation of the scanner. By the time radar echoes have returned to the scanner, the amount
of scanner rotation after initial transmission
of the radar pulse is extremely small.
1.6 The Radar Display
The range and bearing of a target is displayed
on what is called a Plan Position Indicator
(PPI). This display is essentially a polar diagram, with the transmitting ship’s position at
the center. Images of target echoes are received and displayed at their relative bearings, and at their distance from the PPI center.
With a continuous display of the images of
targets, the motion of the transmitting ship is
also displayed.
1-1
Heading marker
Targets
A
D
B
A
D
B
C
C
Own ship
in center
Own ship
(radar)
(A) Bird's eye view of situation
(B) Radar picture of (A)
Figure 1-1 How radar works
1-2
Range and bearing
of a target, relative
to own ship, are
readable on the PPI.
2. BASIC OPERATION
2.1 Control Description
Requires Auto Plotter ARP-10
Brief press:
Displays the data of target
selected with the cursor.
Long press:
Terminates plotting of the target
selected with the cursor.
Omnipad
Shifts cursor, VRM and EBL;
selects items and options on
menu.
Opens/closes menus.
CANCEL
ACQ
ENTER
Selects
EBL1/EBL2/VRM1/VRM2.
MENU
GUARD
Control:
Adjusts sensitivity.
Switch:
Temporarily erases heading
marker (and north marker if
displayed).
SELECT
Selects radar range.
RANGE
EBL/VRM
SELECT
EBL/VRM
CONTROL
GAIN
TLL
Control:
Reduces sea clutter.
Switch*:
(Long press) Shifts your vessel s
position to cursor location.
(Brief press) Doubles size of
area between your vessel and
location selected by cursor.
Control:
Reduces rain clutter.
Switch*:
Displaces the EBL origin.
(1) Acquires the target selected
with the ominipad. (Requires
Auto Plotter ARP-10.)
(2) Registers selection on
menus.
Sets guard zone area.
Enables/erases
EBL1/EBL2/EBL3/EBL4.
Outputs target position data.
HM-OFF
Automatically reduces sea and
rain clutters.
A/C SEA
A/C AUTO
F1
BRILL
Adjusts display brilliance.
ST BY
TX
Sets radar in stand-by;
transmits radar pulse.
POWER
Turns power on/off.
A/C RAIN
F2
Lights when the economy mode
is on.
*Default switch function.
Figure 2-1 Control panel
2-1
2.2 Turning the Radar On/Off
2.4 Stand-by
Press the [POWER] key to turn the radar on
or off.
When you won’t be using the radar for an
extended period, but you want to keep it in a
state of readiness, place it in stand-by by
pressing the [STBY TX] key. The display
shows “STBY,” navigation data, or goes into
the economy mode depending on menu setting. (More on menu operation later.)
The control panel lights and a timer displays
the time remaining for warm up of the magnetron (the device which produces radar
pulses), counting down from 1:30 to 0:01.
Economy mode
2.3 Transmitting
The CRT can be set to automatically turn itself off when in stand-by, to reduce power
consumption. This feature is called the
“economy mode.” Power consumption in the
economy mode is 28 W. When the economy
mode is on, the lamp next to the [POWER]
key lights.
After the power is turned on and the magnetron has warmed up, STBY (Stand-By) appears at the screen center. This means the
radar is now fully operational.
Press the [STBY TX] key to transmit.
When transmitting, any echoes from targets
appear on the display. This radar displays
echoes in eight tones of green according to
echo strength.
Navigation data display during
stand-by
If a navigation aid inputs navigation data to
this radar in IEC 61162 format, navigation
data can be displayed during stand-by. You
can turn the navigation data display on/off
through the menu. Figure 2-2 shows a typical navigation data display during stand-by.
SPEED
Speed
Depth
DEPTH
TRIP
10.5
kt
125
m
Time-to-go to Stand-by
Trip distance since power on
ST-BY
000.3 nm
TEMPERATURE
+17.3
Temperature
°C
E
TO Waypoint
bearing
HDG
092.5°
Heading
Bearing to TO
Waypoint
Course
CRS 180.0°M
Time-to-go to
TO Waypoint
WPT
N
BRG
RNG
TTG
01:08
45.0° M
12.0NM
S
OWN SHIP
LAT 30°00.00N
LON 135°00.00E
Range to TO Waypoint
TD
Ship's position in latitude
and longitude and Loran
TDs
36378.1
59096.4
XTE
R 0.3NM
L XTE
W
XTE
R
Figure 2-2 Typical navigation data display
during stand-by
2-2
Cross Track Error
Mark "
" shows
direction and amount of
error.
Note1: Availability of a particular display item
depends on incoming data.
Note2: When Range to Waypoint reaches 0.1
nm, the WPT marker jumps to dead ahead
even though a difference may exist between
heading and BRG to WPT.
Note3: When cross track error exceeds 1 nm
on either side, the XTE mark starts blinking.
2.5 Selecting the Range
The range selected automatically determines
the range ring interval, the number of range
rings, pulselength and pulse repetition rate,
for optimal detection capability in short to long
ranges.
You can select which ranges and pulselength
(for 1.5 and 3 mile ranges) to use through
the menu. The range, range ring interval and
pulselength appear at the top left-hand corner of the display.
2.7 Adjusting Receiver
Sensitivity
The [GAIN] control adjusts the sensitivity of
the receiver. It works in precisely the same
manner as the volume control of a broadcast
receiver, amplifying the signals received.
The proper setting is such that the background noise is just visible on the screen. If
you set up for too little sensitivity, weak echoes may be missed. On the other hand excessive sensitivity yields too much
background noise; strong targets may be
missed because of the poor contrast between
desired echoes and the background noise on
the display.
To adjust receiver sensitivity, transmit on long
range, and adjust the [GAIN] control so background noise is just visible on the screen.
2.8 Adjusting the A/C SEA
Control
(reducing sea clutter)
To select a range;
Press the [- RANGE +] key. The range and
range ring interval appear at the top left corner of the display.
Tips for selecting the range
¡ When navigating in or around crowded
harbors, select a short range to watch for
possible collision situations.
¡ If you select a lower range while on open
water, increase the range occasionally to
watch for vessels that may be heading
your way.
2.6 Adjusting Picture Brilliance
The [BRILL] key adjusts the brilliance of the
radar picture in sixteen levels. The current
level momentarily appears on the screen
whenever the [BRILL] key is pressed.
Echoes from waves can be troublesome, covering the central part of the display with random signals known as “sea clutter.” The
higher the waves, and the higher the scanner above the water, the further the clutter
will extend. Sea clutter appears on the display as many small echoes which might affect radar performance. (See the left-hand
figure in Figure 2-3.) When sea clutter masks
the picture, adjust the [A/C SEA] control to
reduce the clutter.
How the A/C SEA control works
The [A/C SEA] control reduces the amplification of echoes at short ranges (where clutter is the greatest) and progressively
increases amplification as the range increases, so amplification will be normal at
those ranges where there is no sea clutter.
2-3
Adjusting the A/C SEA control
The proper setting of the A/C SEA should be
such that the clutter is broken up into small
dots, and small targets become distinguishable.
If the control is set too low, targets will be
hidden in the clutter, while if it is set too high,
both sea clutter and targets will disappear
from the display. In most cases adjust the
control until clutter has disappeared to leeward, but a little is still visible windward.
1. Confirm that the sensitivity is properly adjusted, and then transmit on short range.
2. Adjust the [A/C SEA] control so small targets are distinguishable but some clutter
remains on the display.
Sea clutter at
display center
2.9 Adjusting the A/C RAIN
Control
(reducing rain clutter)
The vertical beamwidth of the scanner is designed to see surface targets even when the
ship is rolling. However, by this design the
scanner will also detect rain clutter (rain,
snow, hail, etc.) in the same manner as normal targets. Figure 2-4 shows the appearance of rain clutter on the display.
Adjusting A/C RAIN
When rain clutter masks echoes, adjust the
[A/C RAIN] control. This control splits up
these unwanted echoes into a speckled pattern, making recognition of solid targets
easier.
A/C SEA control adjusted;
sea clutter suppressed.
Figure 2-3 How to adjust the A/C SEA
control
Appearance of
rain clutter
A/C RAIN control adjusted;
rain clutter suppressed.
Figure 2-4 Effect of A/C RAIN
Tip for adjusting the A/C SEA
A common mistake is to over-adjust the circuit so all the clutter is removed. As an example set up for maximum A/C SEA. You will
see how the center of the display becomes
dark. This dark zone can be dangerous (targets may be missed), especially if the sensitivity is not properly adjusted. Always leave a
little clutter visible on the display to be sure
weak echoes will not be suppressed. If there
is no clutter visible on the display, turn off the
circuit.
CAUTION
Turn off the A/C SEA control when
its use is not required; the control
can erase weak targets.
2-4
Note: In addition to reducing clutter, the [A/C
RAIN] control can be used in fine weather to
clarify the picture when navigating in confined
waters. However, with the circuit activated the
receiver is less sensitive. Therefore, turn off
the circuit when its function is not required.
Automatic adjustments of A/C SEA
and A/C RAIN
Push the [A/C AUTO] key. “A/C AUTO” appears at the bottom left-hand corner of the
display when the A/C AUTO circuit is on. You
can fine tune by adjusting the [A/C SEA], [A/
C RAIN] and [GAIN] controls.
2.10 Erasing the Heading
Marker, North Marker
The heading marker or north marker (available with gyrocompass connection) may occasionally mask a target. To view the target,
you can temporarily erase the heading
marker and north marker by pressing and
holding down the [GAIN (HM OFF)] control.
Release the control to re-display the markers.
Measuring range by VRM
1. Press the [EBL/VRM SELECT] key to circumscribe a VRM readout (at the bottom
right-hand corner). Each press of the key
selects the readout of EBL1, EBL2, VRM1
or VRM2 in that order.
VRM
5.3°NM
12.5°NM
EBL
345.6°R
23.0°R
Figure 2-6 Display bottom, showing
location of EBL and VRM readouts
Heading
marker
North
marker
Figure 2-5 Heading marker and north marker
2.11 Measuring the Range
You can measure the range to a target three
ways: by the range rings, by the cursor, and
by the VRM (Variable Range Marker).
Measuring range by range rings
Count the number of rings between the center of the display and the target. Check the
range ring interval and judge the distance of
the echo from the inner edge of the nearest
ring.
2. Press the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key to
enable control of the VRM by the
omnipad.
3. Operate the omnipad to place the outside
edge of the VRM on the inside edge of
the target. The omnipad must be operated within five seconds after pressing the
[EBL/VRM CONTROL] key, otherwise the
VRM cannot be operated.
4. Check the VRM readout at the bottom
right-hand corner of the display to find the
range to the target.
5. To anchor the VRM, press the [EBL/VRM
CONTROL] key.
To erase the VRM, press and hold down the
[EBL/VRM CONTROL] key about two seconds.
Range
Range ring
interval
6.0 NM
2.0
Target
Cursor
VRM1
VRM2
Measuring range by cursor
Operate the omnipad to place the cursor intersection on the inside edge of the target
echo. The range to the target, as well as the
bearing, appears at the bottom of the display.
Cursor range
4.0 NM
VRM
4.0 NM
3.0 NM
VRM1
range
VRM2
range
Figure 2-7 Measuring range by the cursor,
range rings and VRM
Note: You can display the range readout of
the VRM and cursor in nautical miles, statute miles or kilometers. For details see the
next chapter.
2-5
2.12 Measuring the Bearing
There are two ways to measure the bearing
to a target: by the cursor, and by the EBL
(Electronic Bearing Line).
Note: The bearing readout for the EBL andthe
cursor can be displayed in relatiive or true
bearing (true bearing requires heading sensor input). For north up and course up display modes the bearing reference is always
true. For details see the next chapter.
Measuring bearing by cursor
Tips for measuring bearing
Operate the omnipad to bisect the target with
the cursor intersection. The bearing to the
target appears at the bottom of the display.
Measuring bearing by EBL
1. Press the [EBL/VRM SELECT] key to circumscribe an EBL readout (at the bottom
left-hand corner). Each press of the key
selects the readout of EBL1, EBL2, VRM1
or VRM2 in that order.
2. Press the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key to
enable control of the EBL by the omnipad.
3. Operate the omnipad to bisect the target
with the EBL. The omnipad must be operated within five seconds after pressing
the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key, otherwise
the EBL cannot be operated.
4. Check the EBL readout at the bottom lefthand corner of the display to find the bearing to the target.
5. To anchor the EBL, press the [EBL/VRM
CONTROL] key.
To erase the EBL and its readout, press and
hold down the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key
about two seconds.
6.0 NM
2.0
Target
¡ Bearing measurements of smaller targets
are more accurate; the center of larger
target pips is not as easily identified.
¡ Bearings of stationary or slower moving
targets are more accurate than bearings
of faster moving targets.
¡ To minimize bearing errors keep echoes
in the outer half of the picture by changing the range scale; angular difference
becomes difficult to resolve as a target
approaches the center of the display.
2.13 Using the Offset EBL
The offset EBL provides two functions: predict collision course of a radar target and measure the range and the bearing between two
targets.
Predicting collision course
1. Operate the omnipad to place the cursor
on the center of the target.
2. Press the [EBL/VRM SELECT] key to
choose the EBL1 readout, and then press
the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key.
EBL1
3. Press the [MENU] key, select EBL OFFSET from the menu, and then press the
[ACQ/ENTER] key.
EBL2
4. Press the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key.
Cursor
5. Oparate the omnipad so EBL1 passes
through the center of the target.
EBL1 bearing
EBL1 bearing
EBL
40.0° R
135.0° R 40.0°R 4.0 NM
Cursor
bearing
Figure 2-8 How to measure bearing by EBL
and cursor
2-6
If the target tracks along the EBL towards the
center of the display (your vessel’s position),
the target may be on a collision course.
To cancel the offset EBL, select EBL OFFSET from the menu and press the [ACQ/
ENTER] key.
6.0 NM
2.0
EBL1
EBL1 origin
(initial position
of target)
VRM1
A
Target moved
here.
EBL1
bearing
B
VRM1
Offset EBL
(EBL1)
EBL
70.0° R
VRM
6.0 NM
VRM1
range
Figure 2-9 Predicting collision course by
using the offset EBL
Measuring range and bearing
between two targets
The procedure which follows shows how to
measure the range and bearing between target “A” and target “B” in Figure 2-10.
1. Operate the omnipad to place EBL1’s origin (cursor) on the center of target “A.”
2. Press the [EBL/VRM SELECT] key to
choose the EBL1 readout and then press
the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key.
3. Press the [MENU] key, select EBL OFFSET from the menu, and then press the
[ACQ/ENTER] key. EBL1’s origin shifts to
cursor location.
4. Press the [EBL/VRM CONTROL] key.
EBL1
bearing
70.0° R
VRM
4.5 NM
VRM1
range
Figure 2-10 Measuring the range and
bearing between two targets by using the
offset EBL
2.14 Offcentering the Picture
Your vessel’s position can be offcentered to
75% of the range in use to view the situation
around your vessel without changing the
range or size of targets.
1. Press the omnipad to set the cursor where
desired.
2. Press the [F1 (A/C SEA)] control if its function is set for SHIFT (default setting), or
select SHIFT from the menu.
OFFCENTER appears at the top right
corner of the display when the picture is
offcentered.
5. Operate the omnipad to bisect target “B”
with EBL1. Check the EBL1 readout to
find the bearing between target “A” and
target “B.”
6. Press the [EBL/VRM SELECT] key to
choose the VRM1 readout. Operate the
omnipad to place the outside edge of
VRM1 on the inside edge of target “B.”
Check the VRM1 readout to find the range
between target “A” and target “B.”
7. To cancel the offset EBL, select EBL OFFSET from the menu, and then press the
[ACQ/ENTER] key.
Cursor
1 Pleace cursor
where desired.
Cursor
2 Press [F1] to offcenter
display.
Figure 2-11 Offcentering the picture
Cancelling offcentered picture
Press the [F1 (A/C SEA)] control (if function
is SHIFT).
2-7
2.15 Zoom
The zoom feature allows you to double the
size of the area between your vessel and any
location within the current range to take a
closer look at an area of interest.
1. Select location with the cursor.
2. Press and hold down the [F1 (A/C SEA)]
control about two seconds if its function
is set for ZOOM (default setting), or select ZOOM from the menu. Zoom appears
at the top right corner when the ZOOM
function is on.
Cursor
Cursor
1 Place cursor
where desired.
2 Press [F1] to zoom.
Figure 2-12 Zoom function
Note: Zoom is cancelled when range or presentation mode is changed.
Cancelling zoom
Press the [F1 (A/C SEA)] control again.
2-8
3. MENU OPERATION
3.1 Basic Menu Operation
The menu mostly contains less-often used
functions which once preset do not require
regular adjustment. To open or close the
menu, press the [MENU] key. You can select
items and options from the menu with the
omnipad. The complete menu appears on
page v.
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main
menu.
SSel by omnipad & press ENT.S
RINGS
MODE
EBL
OFFSET
SHIFT
DISP
DATA
Change brill
from 3 to max.
ZOOM
ECHO
TRAIL
ECHO
STRTCH
ARP-10
MENU
OTHER
MENU
Figure 3-1 Main menu
2. Press the omnipad to select item. For
example, select RINGS. A message appears at the bottom of the menu window.
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key to select setting. Each time this key is pressed,
the message changes. For the RINGS
menu, the message sequence is as
shown below.
Change brill from Off to 1.
Change brill from 1 to 2.
Change brill from 2 to 3.
3.2 Selecting the Presentation
Mode
With heading sensor connection, this radar
provides four presentation modes: head-up,
course-up, north-up and true motion.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Operate the omnipad to select “MODE.”
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
The display and the display mode indication
at the top left-hand corner of the display
change in the sequence of HU (heading up),
CU (course up), NU (north up) and TM (true
motion) when the [ACQ/ENTER] key is
pressed. If there is no heading sensor connection, the display mode is always HU.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Note: The radar begins operation with last
selected display mode (except course up)
whenever the unit is turned on. Note however that head up is selected when course
up was the last used mode.
Head up
The picture is oriented so the heading marker
is at the top of the display. This mode is useful for navigation in congested waters.
Course up
The course up mode shows ship’s heading
by the heading marker, at the top of the display. To get heading desired, steer vessel in
direction desired, and then show “CU” at the
top left-hand corner of the display.
Change brill from 3 to max.
Change brill from max to Off.
Figure 3-2 Messages for RINGS menu
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-1
North up
North is at the top of the display and the heading marker moves with ship’s heading. This
mode is useful for determining ship’s position and as a navigation monitor on a nautical chart. The picture is stabilized against yaw
of vessel, thereby reducing smear of target
echoes.
Note1: This function magnifies not only targets but also sea clutter and radar interference. For this reason be sure the sea clutter
and radar interference are sufficiently suppressed before activating the echo stretch.
Note2: ES2 is not available on short range.
3.4 Echo Trail
True motion
True motion displays own ship and moving
objects in their true motion.
3.3 Magnifying Long Range
Echoes (echo stretch)
You can show the movement of all radar targets relative to your vessel in afterglow. This
function is useful for alerting you to possible
collision situations.
Starting echo trail
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Normally, the reflected echoes from long
range targets appear on the display as
weaker and smaller blips even though they
are compensated by the radar’s internal circuitry. The echo stretch function magnifies
these small blips in all ranges. Two types of
echo stretch are available: ES1 which
stretches echoes in bearing direction and
ES2 which stretches them in both range and
bearing directions.
2. Select “ECHO TRAIL” by the omnipad.
3. Select “ACTIVATE” by pressing the [ACQ/
ENTER] key.
To turn the echo stretch on or off;
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Figure 3-4 How the echo trail feature works
2. Select “ES.”
3. Each press of the [ACQ/ENTER] key
changes the echo stretch function status
in the sequence of ES1, ES2 and OFF.
ES1 or ES2 appears at the top right-hand
corner of the display when echo stretch
is on.
Bearing
direction
Bearing
direction
Range
direction
Echo stretch 1
Echo stretch 2
Figure 3-3 Echo stretch
3-2
TRAIL, the echo trail time selected (on
“OTHERS MENU”) and elapsed time appear
at the top right-hand corner of the display.
Then, afterglow starts extending from all targets.
Note: Trails are restarted when range or
mode is changed or zoom or offcenter is
turned on.
Fixed time trail
1. When the elapsed time clock counts up
to the trail time selected, the elapsed time
display freezes.
2. The oldest portions of trails are erased
so only the latest trail, equal in length to
the trail time selected, is shown.
3. Trail continues.
For example, the one minute trail time is selected. When the elapsed time clock counts
up to 60 seconds, the elapsed time display
freezes at “60,” but the latest one minute of
trail are erased and then trail continuous.
3.5 Suppressing Radar
Interference
Radar interference may occur when near another shipborne radar operating in the same
frequency band as your radar. Its on-screen
appearance is many bright dots either scattered at random or in the form of dotted lines
extending from the center to the edge of the
display. Figure 3-5 illustrates interference in
the form of curved spokes. Interference effects are distinguishable from normal echoes
because they do not appear in the same place
on successive rotations of the scanner.
Continuous trail
The maximum continuous trail time is 99 minutes and 59 seconds. When the elapsed time
clock counts up to that time the elapsed time
display is reset to zero and trail begins again.
Figure 3-5 Radar interference
Cancelling echo trail
Select “OFF (deactivate)” at “ECHO TRAIL”
on the menu.
Four levels of interference are available, including off; IR1, IR2, IR3 and OFF. IR3 provides the highest level of rejection.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
Changing trail attributes
Trail gradation and trail time can be selected
on the OTHERS menu.
Table 3-1 Trail attributes
Item in
OTHERS menu
Trail
Tone
Description
Trails can be shown in single
or multiple gradations. Multiple
paints trails getting thinner
with time just like the
afterglow on an analog PPI
radar.
Single
Trail Time
Multiple
Trail time can be set for 15
sec., 30 sec., 1 min., 3 min., 6
min., 15 min., 30 min., or
continuous.
2. Select “OTHERS MENU” and press the
[ACQ/ENTER] key.
[ OTHERS ]
Select item by omnipad
and press ENTER key.
1 . Panel Dimmer
2 . Mark Brill
3 . HD Mark
4 . Characters
5 . Trail Tone
6 . Int Reject
7 . Pulselength
8 . Noise Reject
9 . Trail Time
3M
10. Tune
11. Disp Data
12. WPT Mark
13. EBL Ref
14. VRM Unit
15. Watchman
16. STBY Disp
17. Guard Mode
18. Own Position
19. Cursor Posi
20. Alm Sense LV
21. Dead Sector
22. Range
2
3
1
1
1
1
Single
Off
Short
Off
15S
6M
Auto
Off
Off
Rel
nm
Off
Norm
In
L/L
R/B
Low
Off
1/8
1/4
4
6
2
3
4
2
3
4
2
3
4
2
3
4
Multi
1
2
3
Long
On
30S
1M
15M 30M
Cont
Manu
Nav
ARP All
On
True
km
sm
5M
10M 20M
Econo
Nav
Out
TD
L/L
Mid
Hig
On
1/2 3/4 1 1.5
* *
8 12 16 14 16 48 64
23. Self Test
24. Installation Setup
*Max range
1932M2: 48
1942M2: 64
Figure 3-6 OTHERS menu
3-3
3. Select “6. Int Reject.”
Selection of guard zone type
4. Select level desired by operating the
omnipad.
The guard alarm can be set to sound when a
target either enters or exits the guard zone.
You can select which type of guard alarm you
want through the menu.
5. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
IR1, IR2 or IR3 appears at the bottom right
corner on the display when the interference
rejection circuit is turned on.
3.6 Selecting Pulsewidth
Pulsewidth is the time in microseconds necessary to transmit a single radar pulse. The
longer the pulsewidth the greater the direction range capability, however range accuracy and range resolution are reduced.
In alarm
The alarm sounds on targets entering the
guard zone. “G (IN)” appears at the top righthand corner when the In alarm is selected.
Out alarm
The alarm sounds on targets exiting the guard
zone. “G (OUT)” appears at the top right-hand
corner when the Out alarm is selected.
Pulsewidth can be selected to short or long
on the 1.5 and 3 nautical mile ranges.
Dashed line:
no alarm
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Select “OTHER MENU” and press the
[ACQ/ENTER] key.
3. Select “7. Pulselength.”
4. Select Short or Long by pressing the
omnipad.
5. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key to select.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3.7 Guard Alarm
The guard alarm allows the operator to set
the desired range and bearing for a guard
zone. When ships, islands, landmasses, etc.
violate the guard zone an audible alarm
sounds and the offending target blinks to call
the operator’s attention.
CAUTION
The guard alarm is a useful anti-collision
aid, but does not relieve the operator of the
responsibility to also keep a visual lookout
for possible collision situations. The alarm
should never be used as the sole means
for detecting possible collision situations.
3-4
Guard
zone
IN ALARM
OUT ALARM
Figure 3-7 In and Out alarms
Selecting guard zone type
1. Press the [MENU] key, select “OTHERS
MENU,” and then press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
2. Select “17. Guard Mode” and “In” (alarm
on target entering zone) or “Out” (alarm
on target exiting zone) by operating the
omnipad.
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Setting a guard zone
1. Mentally create the guard zone you want
to set. Figure 3-8 shows an example.
2. Operate the omnipad to set the cursor on
point A (or B). Press the [GUARD] key.
“*G (IN)” or “*G (OUT),” with asterisk blinking, appears at the top right-hand corner
of the display. See Figure 3-8 (2). (The
asterisk indicates the guard zone is partially set.)
3. Operate the omnipad to set the cursor on
point C (or D). See Figure 3-8 (3).
4. Press the [GUARD] key. The asterisk disappears. See Figure 3-8 (4).
A
* G (IN)
A
D
C
B
Drag cursor
here.
(1) Mentally create
the guard zone to set.
¡ A target echo does not always mean a
landmass, reef, ships or surface objects
but can imply returns from sea surface or
precipitation. As the level of these returns
varies with environment, the operator
should properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C
RAIN and GAIN to be sure the alarm system does not overlook target echoes.
(2) Drag cursor to
top left corner of
zone and press
[GUARD].
G (IN)
G (IN)
¡ The alarm is a useful anti-collision aid, but
does not relieve the operator of the responsibility to also keep a visual lookout
for possible collision situations.
¡ When the radar range is less than one
half of the guard zone range, the guard
zone disappears and “G (IN)” or “G (OUT)”
appears in inverse video. If this happens,
raise range to re-display the guard zone.
Asterisk blinking
Guard zone
to set
Notes on the guard alarm
Guard
zone
C
Drag cursor
here.
(4) Guard zone
completed.
(3) Drag cursor to
bottom right corner
of zone and press
[GUARD].
Figure 3-8 How to set the guard zone
Silencing the audible alarm
Any radar targets violating the guard zone
will trigger the audible alarm. You can silence
the audible alarm by pressing the [GUARD]
key. When this is done, “G(ACKN)” replaces
“G(IN).” This means the alarm is acknowledged. Press the key again to reactivate the
alarm. You may select minimum echo stregth
which triggers the guard alarm. This can be
done at “20, Alm Sence Lv” on the “OTHER
MENU.”
Cancelling the guard zone and
guard alarm
Press and hold down the [GUARD] key until
the guard zone disappears.
3.8 Watchman
The watchman function periodically transmits
the radar for one minute to check for targets
in a guard zone. If it finds change in the zone
from the previous transmission it transmits
the radar continuously. This feature is useful
when you do not need the radar’s function
continuously but want to be alerted to radar
targets in a specific area.
Tx
St-by
Tx
1 min
5, 10 or
20 min
1 min
St-by
5, 10 or
20 min
Watchman
starts.
Figure 3-9 How watchman works
How watchman works
When the time selected for the watchman rest
period has elapsed, the radar automatically
transmits for one minute to check the condition inside the guard zone. If there is no
change, the radar goes into stand-by.
(“WATCHMAN” appears during stand-by.) If
there is change, the radar sounds the audible
alarm, cancels the watchman function and
transmits continuously.
3-5
Turning on watchman
1. Create a guard zone (usually 360 degrees) with the guard alarm function.
2. Press the [MENU] key.
(If the navigation input includes destination
data, the waypoint marker, shown by a
dashed ring with a line extending from it to
the screen center appears. This marker can
be turned on/off the “OTHER MENU”)
3. Select “OTHERS MENU.”
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
5. Select “15. Watchman.”
6. Operate the omnipad to select watchman
rest period; 5 minutes, 10 minutes or 20
minutes.
To turn navigation data on or off;
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Select “DISP DATA.”
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
7. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key to select the
navigation display.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
“WATCHMAN” appears at the top of the
screen, the radar transmits for one minute to
check for targets inside the guard zone, and
then the CRT shuts off and the radar goes
into stand-by.
. 125NM
. 0625
HDG 234.5¡
SP
HU
TRAIL AUTO
25:38 30M
G (OUT)
ZOOM
ES1
Waypoint Marker
Cancelling watchman
Go into the “OTHERS” menu, and set “15.
Watchman” for OFF.
Note 1: Watchman can be used without a
guard zone.
Note 2: The alarm sounds just before the radar starts or stops transmitting.
A/C
AUTO
EBL
345.6¡ R
23.0¡ R
OWN SHIP
34¡ 56. 12N
135¡ 34. 56E
SPD 35.0KT
3.9 Displaying Navigation Data
Navigation data can be displayed at the
screen bottom if this radar receives navigation input in IEC 61162 format. Navigation
data includes
¡ Position in latitude and longitude or Loran-C time differences
¡ Range, bearing and time-to-go to both
waypoint selected on the navigator and
the cursor
¡ Speed.
3-6
13.5 ¡ R
0.142NM
+ CURSOR
34¡ 29. 98N
136¡ 35. 77E
TTG 01:00
VRM
0.048NM
0.100NM
WAYPOINT
0.09 NM
50.0¡M
TTG 00:20
Navigation
Data
Figure 3-10 Typical navigation data display
3.10 OTHER MENU Description
The table below summarizes the OTHER menu.
Table 3-2 OTHER MENU Description
Item
Description
1. Panel Dimmer
Selects level of panel backlight.
2. Mark Brill
Selects brilliance of VRM, EBL, cursor, guard zone and WP marker.
3. HD Mark
Selects brilliance of heading marker.
4. Characters*
Selects brilliance of characters.
5. Trail Tone
Selects brilliance of echo trails.
6. Int Reject
Selects level of interference rejection.
7. Pulselength
Selects pulselength for 1.5 and 3 mile ranges.
8. Noise Reject
Selects “On” to reject noise.
9. Trail Time
Selects the echo trail time.
10. Tune
Selects automatic or manual tuning.
To tune manually;
1. Select “Manu” by the omnipad.
2. Press the [ENTER] key to enable manual tuning.
3. While pressing and holding down the [GAIN] control, operate the
omnipad to obtain best tuning condition, observing the tuning indicator
bar (1.0~11.9V).
4. Press the [ENTER] key.
“MANUAL” appears at the top right-hand corner when manual tuning is in
effect.
11. Disp Data
Select the down sourse to display.
Selects data to display; Nav, ARP, or All (both Nav and ARP).
12. WPT Mark
Selects “On” to display the waypoint marker.
13. EBL Ref
Selects EBL reference for relative or true.
14. VRM Unit
Selects distance unit of VRM and cursor for nm, km or sm.
15. Watchman
Turns watchman on (set rest period) or off.
16. STBY Disp
Select the display to use at stand-by; display “STBY” or navigation data, or
go into the economy mode.
17. Guard Mode
Select condition which triggers guard alarm; targets entering guard zone
(In), target exiting guard zone (out).
18. Own Position
Select position display format; L/L on Loarn TD.
19. Cursor Posi
Display the cursor data in range/bearing or lat/long.
20. Alm Sense LV
Select minimam echo strength which triggers guard alarm.
21. Dead Sector
Select “On” to display the dead sector.
22. Range
Select ranges to use.
23. Self Test
Test keys, ROM and RAM; checks antenna rotation speed, and displays
program no.
24. Installation Setup
Displays to the installation setup menu.
*Note: Level 1 and 2 are same brilliance while the menu is displayed. The brilliance changes
after the menu is erased.
3-7
3.11 Function Controls
3.12 Suppressing Noise
The function controls (F1 and F2) work like
the auto-dialing feature of a telephone, automatically executing the function assigned to
them. The function can be turned off by pressing appropriate function control again.
Electrical noise can be suppressed by turning on “8. NOISE REJ” on the OTHERS
menu.
3.13 Adjusting Brilliance of
Markers
Default settings
F1: Shift (brief press) or Zoom (long press)
F2: Ring brilliance
“2. Mark Brill” on the OTHER menu adjusts
the brilliance of markers other than the heading marker.
How to register menu items
1. Press the [MENU] key.
3.14 Outputting Target Position
2. Press [A/C SEA] (F1) or [A/C RAIN] (F2)
to open the function menu.
[ SETTING FOR F1 KNOB ]
SSel by omnipad & press ENT.S
SHIFT/
ZOOM
EBL
OFFSET
SHIFT
ZOOM
RINGS
MODE
DISP
DATA
ECHO
TRAIL
INT
REJECT
NOISE
REJ
PULSE
LENGTH
ECHO
STRTCH
TRAIL
ON/OFF
TRAIL
TIME
TRAIL
TONE
TUNE
A/M
GUARD
IN/OUT
ALARM
LEVEL
DEAD
SECTOR
WATCH
MAN
PANEL
DIMMER
MARK
BRILL
CHARA
CTERS
OTHER
MENU
EBL
REF
VRM
UNIT
NAV
TALKER
WPT
MARK
OWN
POSITN
CUSOR
POSITN
VECTOR
LENGTH
VECTOR
REF
HIS
TORY
COLLI
SION
AUTO
ACQ
NO
FNCTN
Figure 3-11 Function menu
3. Select function desired.
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
3-8
Radar target position data can be output to a
navaid in IEC 61162 format. Select the radar
target with the cursor, and then press and
hold down the [TLL] key to output the data.
This function requires position data and heading signal.
3.15 Dead Sector
When the scanner is installed at a close distance in front of the wheelhouse the radar
should be set not to transmit within that area,
to prevent microwave hazard. Ask your
FURUNO representative ordealer to provide
this feature.
4. FALSE ECHOES
Occasionally false echoes appear on the
screen at positions where there is no target.
In some cases the effects can be reduced or
eliminated. The operator should familiarize
himself or herself with the appearance and
effects of these false echoes, so as not to
confuse them with echoes from legitimate
contacts.
4.1 Multiple Echoes
Multiple echoes occur when a short range,
strong echo is received from a ship, bridge,
or breakwater. A second, a third or more echoes may be observed on the display at
double, triple or other multiples of the actual
range of the target as shown in Figure 4-1.
Multiple reflection echoes can be reduced
and often removed by decreasing the sensitivity or properly adjusting the A/C SEA.
4.2 Side-lobe Echoes
Every time the scanner rotates, some radiation escapes on each side of the beam—
called “side-lobes.” If a target exists where it
can be detected by the side-lobes as well as
the main-lobe, the side-lobe echoes may be
represented on both sides of the true echo
at the same range, as shown in Figure 4-2.
Side-lobes show usually only at short ranges
and from strong targets. They can be reduced
through careful reduction of the sensitivity or
proper adjustment of the A/C SEA.
True echo
Main-lobe
Side-lobe
Sprious
target
Antenna
True
echo
Figure 4-2 Side-lobe echoes
Own ship
Multiple
echo
Figure 4-1 Multiple echoes
4-1
4.3 Indirect Echoes
4.4 Blind and Shadow Sectors
Indirect echoes may be returned from either
a passing ship or returned from a reflecting
surface on your own ship, for example, a
stack. In both cases, the echo will return from
a legitimate contact to the scanner by the
same indirect path. The echo will appear on
the same bearing of the reflected surface, but
at the same range as the direct echo. Figure
4-3 illustrates the effect of an indirect echo.
Indirect echoes may be recognized as follows:
Funnels, stacks, masts, or derricks in the path
of antenna may reduce the intensity of the
radar beam. If the angle subtended at the
antenna is more than a few degrees a blind
sector may be produced. Within the blind
sector small targets at close range may not
be detected while larger targets at much
greater ranges may be detected. See Figure
4-4.
• they usually occur in a shadow sector
• they appear on the bearing of the obstruction but at the range of the legitimate contact
• when plotted, their movements are usually abnormal, and
• their shapes may indicate they are not direct echoes.
Direct
path
Target
Heading
marker
Figure 4-4 Blind and shadow sectors
Indirect
path
Obstruction
Scanner (mast, funnel.
etc.)
Target
Indirect
path
Direct
path
Indirect
echo
True
echo
Heading
marker
Own
ship
True
echo
Bridge
Indirect
echo
Figure 4-3 Indirect echoes
4-2
Indirect
echo
4.5 SART (Search and Rescue
Transponder)
A Search and Rescue Transponder (SART)
may be triggered by any X-Band (3 cm) radar within a range of approximately 8 n.miles.
Each radar pulse received causes it to transmit a response which is swept repetitively
across the complete radar frequency band.
When interrogated, it first sweeps rapidly (0.4
∝s) through the band before beginning a relatively slow sweep (7.5 ∝s) through the band
back to the starting frequency. This process
is repeated for a total of twelve complete
cycles. At some point in each sweep, the
SART frequency will match that of the interrogating radar and be within the pass band
of the radar receiver. If the SART is within
range, the frequency match during each of
the 12 slow sweeps will produce a response
on the radar display, thus a line of 12 dots
equally spaced by about 0.64 nautical miles
will be shown.
When the range to the SART is reduced to
about 1 nm, the radar display may show also
the 12 responses generated during the fast
sweeps. These additional dot responses,
which also are equally spaced by 0.64 nm,
will be interspersed with the original line of
12 dots. They will appear slightly weaker and
smaler than the original dots.
Screen B: When SART
is close
Screen A: When SART
is distant
Echo of SART
Lines of 12 dots
are displayed in
concentric arcs.
Radar antenna
beamwidth
24 NM
Echo of
SART
1.5 NM
Position of
SART
Showing SART marks on the radar
display
To show the SART marks only on the radar
display, detune the radar receiver manualy.
This erases or weakens all normal radar echoes, but, the SART marks are not erased because the SART response signal scans over
all frequencies in the 9 GHz band. When the
radar approaches the SART in operation, the
SART marks will enlarge to large arcs, blurring a large part of the screen. Reduce the
sensitivity and adjust the sea clutter control
of the radar.
Summary to detect SART response
1. Use range scale of 6 or 12 nm as the
spacing between the SART responses is
about 0.6 nm (1125 m) to distinguish the
SART.
2. Turn off the automatic clutter suppression.
3. Turn off the Interference Rejector.
General remarks on receiving SART
Radar range scale
When looking for a SART it is preferable to
use either the 6 or 12 nautical mile range
scale. This is because the total displayed
length of the SART response of 12 (or 24)
dots may extend approximately 9.5 nautical
miles beyond the position of the SART and it
is necessary to see a number of response
dots to distinguish the SART from other responses.
SART range errors
Own ship's
position
9500 MHz
9200 MHz
Own ship's
position
SART mark
length
7.5 s
Sweep time
Radar receiver
bandwidth
95 s
Low speed sweep signal
Sweep start
High speed sweep signal
Position of
SART
When responses from only the 12 low frequency sweeps are visible (when the SART
is at a range greater than about 1 nm), the
position at which the first dot is displayed may
be as mush as 0.64 nm beyond the true position of the SART. When the range closes
so that the fast sweep responses are seen
also, the first of these will be no more than
150 meters beyond the true position.
Figure 4-5 SART display
4-3
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5. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter tells you how to keep your radar in good working order. Before reviewing
this chapter please read the safety information which follows.
DANGER
Turn off the power before
performing any maintenance or
troubleshooting procedure.
5.1 Preventive Maintenance
Regular maintenance is important for good
performance. Always keep the equipment as
free as possible from dirt, dust, and water
splashes. Make sure all screws securing the
components are properly tightened.
A maintenance program should be established and should at least include the items
listed in Table 5-1.
Hazardous voltages can shock, burn or cause death.
Only qualified personnel totally famillier with electrical
circuits should work inside the units.
RF RADIATION HAZARD
The radar scanner emits high frequency
radio radiation which can be harmful,
particularly to your eyes.
Never look directly into the scanner from a distance of
less than two feet when the radar is in operation as
you could injure the cornea of your eyes. Always
make sure the radar is set to stand-by or is turned off
before starting work on the scanner unit.
5.2 Replacing the Fuse
The fuse in the power cable protects the
equipment against reverse polarity of ship's
mains, overcurrent, and equipment fault. If
the fuse blows, find the cause before replacing it. Never use an incorrect fuse - serious
damage to the equipment may result and void
the warranty.
12V: 10A fuse
24/32V: 5A fuse
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in
equipment damage.
Table 5-1 Recommended maintenance program
Period
Item
Check point
Remarks
3 to 6
months
Exposed
nuts and
bolts on
scanner unit
Check for corroded or loosened
nuts and bolts. If necessary,
clean and repaint them thickly.
Replace them if heavily
corroded.
Sealing compound may be used
instead of paint. Apply a small
amount of grease between nuts
and bolts for easy removal in
future.
Scanner
radiator
Check for dirt and cracks on
radiator surface. Thick dirt should
be wiped off with soft cloth
dampened with fresh water. If a
crack is found, apply a slight
amount of sealing compound or
adhesive as a temporary
remedy, then call for repair.
Do not use plastic solvent
(acetone) for cleaning. If you
need to remove ice from scanner
unit, use a wooden hammer or
plastic head hammer. Crack on
the unit may cause water
ingress, causing serious
damages to internal circuits.
Display unit
connectors
Check for tight connection and
corrosion.
If corroded, contact your dealer
for replacement.
6 months
to 1 year
5-1
5.3 Troubleshooting
Table 5-2 contains simple troubleshooting
procedures which you can follow to try to restore normal operation. If you cannot restore
normal operation, do not attempt to check
inside any unit of the radar system. Any repair work is best left to a qualified technician.
Table 5-2 Troubleshooting table
If...
But...
Then...
you pressed the
the control panel does • try adjusting the control panel back[POWER] key to turn not light
lighting on the OTHERS menu.
on the radar
• battery may have discharged.
• check fuse in power cable.
the radar has
warmed up and you
pressed the
[STBY TX] key to
transmit
you have adjusted
the gain with A/C
RAIN and A/C SEA
off
nothing appears on
the display or display
contrast is poor
• try adjusting the brilliance.
characters are
distorted
• request service.
the scanner does not
rotate
• the problem may be in scanner unit.
Request service.
characters and
indications are
abnormal
• have a qualified technician check the
set.
neither noise nor
targets appear
(indications and
markers do)
• check signal cable for damage.
neither indications nor • check signal cable for damage.
markers appear (noise
and targets do)
a key is pressed
5-2
the sweep (radial line
sweeping around the
display) is not
synchronized with
scanner rotation
• the problem may be in the scanner
unit. Request service.
there is no change in
sensitivity
• request service.
nothing happens
• key may be faulty. Request service.
5.4 Self Test
The self test facility checks the keyboard,
ROM and RAM for proper operation.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Select “OTHER MENU”.
3. Select “23. Self Test” and press the
[ACQ/ ENTER] key. The following display
appears.
6. Press the [ACQ] key to check the
display circuit. The following pattern
should appear.
[Self Test]
Key tset: Press each key and
check on-screen indication
lights.
ARP-10 TEST
ROM
OK 18990871xx
RAM
OK
SPEED OK NAV 0.0KT
COURSE OK
167.6°
TRIGGER NG
VIDEO
NG
BP
OK
HP
OK
MIN-HIT
0003
SCAN-TIME
0854
MAN-ACQ
00
AUTO-ACQ
00
FE-DATA1
0000
FE-DATA2
0000
Figure 5-2 Test pattern
7. Press the [MENU] key to show the
brilliance adjustment menu.
8. To escape from the selftest, press the
[MENU] key.
Program No.: 0359222-XX.XX
ROM
: OK
RAM
: OK
EEPROM : OK
Hours in use: 000006.9H
Tx hours:
000001.1H
OK
<Press MENU for OTHERS menu>
XX: Program Version No.
Figure 5-1 Self test screen
5.5 Life Expectancy of
Magnetron
The following table shows the life
expectancy of the magnetrons.
Table 5-3 Life expectancy of magnetrons
Model
4. The ROM and RAM are automatically
checked. If NG (No Good) appears to
the right of ROM or RAM indication,
contact your dealer for advice. ARP-10
TEST results appear only when optional
ARP-10 board is mounted.
5. To check the keyboard. Press any key
except the omnipad, ACQ and power
keys. Its corresponding location on the
display lights in black if the key is
operating properly.
Type
Code no.
Life
expectancy
1932 M2
1942 M2
E3571
000-146-867
MG4004
000-150-837
MAF1421B
000-147-385
MAF1422B
000-146-871
MG4006
000-150-838
2,000-3,000
hours
(Including
stand-by)
5-3
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6. OPERATION OF ARP-10 (OPTION)
CAUTION
WARNING
No one navigational aid should be relied
upon for the safety of vessel and crew.
The navigator has the responsibility to
check all aids available to confirm
position. Electronic aids are not
a substitute for basic navigational
principles and common sense.
 This auto plotter automatically tracks an
automatically or manually acquired radar
target and calculates its course and
speed, indicating them by a vector. Since
the data generated by the auto plotter
are based on what radar targets are
selected, the radar must always be
optimally tuned for use with the auto
plotter, to ensure required targets will not
be lost or unwanted targets such as sea
returns and noise will not be acquired
and tracked.
 A target does not always mean a landmass, reef, ships or other surface vessels
but can imply returns from sea surface
and clutter. As the level of clutter changes
with environment, the operator should
properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C RAIN
and GAIN controls to be sure target
echoes are not eliminated from the
radar screen.
The plotting accuracy and response of
this auto plotter meets IMO standards.
Tracking accuracy is affected by the
following:
 Tracking accuracy is affected by course
change. One to two minutes is required to
restore vectors to full accuracy after an
abrupt course change. (The actual
amount depends on gyrocompass
specifications.)
 The amount of tracking delay is inversely
proportional to the relative speed of the
target. Delay is on the order of 15–30
seconds for high relative speed; 30–60
seconds for low relative speed.
Display accuracy is affected by the
following:





Echo intensity
Radar transmission pulsewidth
Radar bearing error
Gyrocompass error
Course change (own ship or target)
This ARPA board is not available with
42 rpm radar.
NOTICE
Heading data required for plotting function.
6-1
6.1 General
The Auto Plotter ARP-10 is an optional circuit board which is accommodated in the display unit of this radar (24 rpm only) radars. It
requires heading data to function.
The Auto Plotter permits manual or automatic
acquisition and automatic tracking of up to
10 radar targets. An internal microprocessor
calculates target data such as speed and
course and displays the results in alphanumeric data and by vector. To ensure the reliability of the displayed target data, the radar
must be properly adjusted for minimum sea
returns and noise.
MENU: opens/closes the main menu.
SELECT/CANCEL:
A long press terminates plotting of the target
selected with the cursor, and a brief press
displays the data of the target selected with
the cursor.
ACQ/ENTER: Acquires the target selected
with the cursor.
6.2 ARP-10 MENU Operation
The ARP-10 MENU contains the following
items.
Principal specifications
Display: Turns on/off the plot symbols, past
positions and target data.
Acquisition and tracking
All Cancel: Cancels the tracking of all
targets.


Acquisition of up to 10 targets between
0.2 and 16 nm.
Automatic tracking of up to 10 acquired
targets between 0.1 and 16 nm.
Vector Ref: Selects relative or true vectors.
To select your choice, open the ARP-10
menu. Select “3 Vector Ref” to Relative or
Ture, and then, press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
Vectors
Vector Length: Selects vector time.
Vector length: 30 s, 1, 3, 6, 15, 30 min.
History: Selects past position plot interval.
Orientation:
CPA Set: Selects CPA alarm limit. When a
target is predicted to come within this limit,
an audible alarm sounds and at the same time
the corresponding target symbol changes to
a blinking triangle.
True velocity or relative velocity
Past positions: 5 past positions at intervals
of 15, 30 s, 1, 2, 3, 6 min.
Alarm:
Visual and audible alarms
against targets violating CPA/
TCPA limits, Visual alarm
against lost targets
Target discrimination: A target measuring
about 800 m or more in the radial or circumferential direction is regarded as a landmass
and not acquired or tracked. Echoes smaller
than about 800 m are regarded as true targets.
Keys used for auto plotter
The ARP-10 uses the following touchpad
keys. Given below is a brief description of
these keys.
6-2
Note: If the preset CPA limit is set at OFF, a
target which is on collision course will not
produce an alarm.
TCPA Set: Selects TCPA alarm limit.
Auto ACQ: Turns on/off Auto Acquisition Area.
Activating the auto plotter
To activate the Auto Plotter, follow the steps
shown below.
1. Adjust the GAIN, A/C SEA and A/C RAIN
controls for proper radar picture.
2. Press the [MENU] key to open the main
menu.
3. Select “ARP-10 MENU.”
5. Select the menu item “1. Display.”
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key to display
the ARP menu.
6. Select “On.”
7. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
8. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
[ ARP MENU ]
Select item by omnipad
and press ENTER key.
1. Display
2 . All Cancel
3 . Vector Ref
4 . Vector Length
5 . History
6 . CPA Set
7 . TCPA Set
8 . Auto ACQ
Off
Deactivating the auto plotter
On
To deactivate the Auto Plotter;
Rel
True
30S IM
3M 6M 15M 30M
Off 15S 30S 1M
2M 3M 6M
Off 0.5 1nm 2nm
3nm 5 nm 6nm
30S 1M 2M 3M
4M 5M 6M 12M
Off
On
1. Open the “ARP-10 MENU.”
2. Select the “1. Display.”
5. Select “Off.”
6. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Figure 6-1 ARP Menu
Target under auto tracking but not
selected for cursor data reading
Target Full
Mark
8 NM
TARGET
2 AUTO
FULL
HDG 234.5°
SP
HU
TRAIL AUTO
25:38 30M
G (OUT)
ZOOM
ES1
Target selected
for data reading
Auto
Acquisition
Area
Lost Target
Threatening
target
A/C
AUTO
EBL
345.6° R
23.0° R
TRUE VECTOR
15 MIN
13.5 ° R
VRM
0.048NM
0.100NM
0.142NM
BEARING 42.5°T
RANGE 5.36 NM
CPA
2 NM
COURSE 287.8°T
SPEED 12.5 KT
TCPA
12:35
Auto Plotter
Data Area
Figure 6-2 ARPA display
6-3
6.3 Acquiring Targets
Manual acquisition
Follow the steps below to manually acquire
a target. Up to 10 targets can be manually
acquired.
1. Place the cursor (+) on a target of interest by operating the omnipad.
2. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
The plot symbol changes its shape according to the status as below. A vector appears
in about one minute after acquisition indicating the target's motion trend. If the target is
consistently detected for three minutes, the
plot symbol changes to a solid mark. If acquisition fails, the target symbol blinks and
disappears shortly thereafter.
SQUARE (dotted)
Immediately after acquisition - Plot symbol
shown in broken lines.
SQUARE (dotted with a vector)
One minute after acquisition - Vector still unreliable.
CIRCLE (Solid with a vector)
3 minutes after acquisition - Plot symbol
changes to a solid circle indicating the stable
tracking condition.
LARGE CIRCLE
The plot symbol of a target under tracking
becomes twice as large as the normal symbol when the target is selected for data reading.
Note 3: When the auto acquisition mode
(Auto ACQ) is on, up to five targets can be
acquired. For details, see next section titled
Automatic Acquisition.
CAUTION
When a tracked target nears another
tracked target, the targets may be
"swapped." When two targets come close
to each other, one of the two can become
a "lost target." Should this happen,
reacquisition of the "lost target" is required
after the two targets have separated.
Automatic acquisition
The Auto Plotter ARP-10 can acquire up to
five targets automatically by setting the Auto
Acquisition area predefined in the system. If
Auto ACQ is selected after more than five targets have been manually acquired, only the
remaining capacity of targets can be automatically acquired. (For example; when
seven targets are acquired manually, and
then the Auto ACQ is switched on only three
targets can be acquired automatically.) When
five targets have been automatically acquired, "AUTO TARGET FULL" message
appears at top left corner on the display.
Setting auto acquisition area
Auto acquisition area is predefined between
2.0 and 2.5 nm in range and 45° on either
side of the heading marker in bearing. If a
target come into this area, it is acquired automatically.
Note 1: The target to be acquired should be
within 0.2 to 16 nm from own ship and not
obscured by sea or rain clutter for successful acquisition.
Figure 6-3 Auto acquisition area
Note 2: When you want to acquire 11th target, cancel tracking of the one of less important targets.
6-4
Follow the steps shown below to activate the
auto acquisition area.
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
1. Open the “ARP-10 MENU.”
2. Select “8. Auto ACQ.”
3. Select “On.”
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
CAUTION
At the speed under 5 kts the target data is
displayed with a delay because of
filtration.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Terminating Tracking of Targets
When the Auto Plotter has acquired 10 targets, no more acquisition occurs unless targets are lost. Should this happen, cancel
tracking of individual targets or all targets by
the procedure described below.
Individual targets
Place the cursor (+) on a target which you do
not want to be tracked any longer by operating the omnipad and press and hold down
the [SELECT/CANCEL] key.
All targets
All targets can be canceled from "ARP-10
MENU" at a time.
1. Open the “ARP-10 MENU.”
2. Select “2. All Cancel.”
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
6.4 Displaying Target Data
The Auto Plotter calculates motion trends
(range, bearing, course, speed, CPA and
TCPA) of all targets under tracking at the ARP
Data area.
Place the cursor on a wanted target and press
the [SELECT/CANCEL] key. Data on the selected target is displayed at the bottom of the
screen. The symbol of the selected target
gets twice as large as the normal circle. The
data includes the following:
RNG/BRG (Range/Bearing): Range and
bearing from own ship to the last-plotted or
selected target position with suffix “T” (True)
or “M” (Magnetic). For true bearings suffix “T”
is used in case of gyrocompass input and suffix “M” is used in case of magnetic compass
input.
COURSE/SPEED (Course/Speed): Course
and speed are displayed for the last-plotted
or selected target with suffix “T” (True) or “M”
(Magnetic). For true bearings suffix “T” is used
in case of gyrocompass input and suffix “M”
is used in case of magnetic compass input.
CPA (Closest Point of Approach): is the
closest range a target will approach to own
ship. Do not mix it with the operator preset
CPA alarm limit.
TCPA: The time to CPA measured with
present speeds of own ship and the targets.
Both CPA and TCPA are automatically calculated. When a target ship has passed clear
of own ship, the CPA is displayed and the
TCPA appears as “**.*”. TCPA is counted up
to 99.9 min. and beyond this it is indicated
as TCPA>99.9 min.
To turn ARP data on;
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Select “DISP DATA.”
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key to select the
message for “ARP” or “NAV” or “ARP.”
6-5
6.5 Mode and Length of
Vectors
True or relative vector
(vector mode)
Target vectors are displayed relative to own
ships reading (Relative) or with reference to
North (True). Own ship does not have a vector in relative mode.
6.7 Operational Warnings
There are two main situations which cause
the ARP-10 to trigger visual and audible
alarms:

CPA/TCPA alarm

Lost target alarm
CPA/TCPA alarm
Vector length
From the ARP-10 MENU, Vector Length can
be set to 30 seconds, 1, 3, 6, 15 or 30 minutes and the selected vector time is indicated
on the screen.
The vector tip shows an estimated position
of the target after the selected vector time
elapses. It can be valuable to extend the vector length to evaluate the risk of collision with
any target.
CAUTION
The CPA/TCPA alarm feature should
never be relied upon as a sole means for
detecting the risk of collision.
The navigator is not relieved of the
responsibility to keep visual lookout for
avoiding collisions, whether or not the
radar or other plotting aid is in use.
6.6 Past Position Display
Visual and audible alarm are generated when
the predicted CPA and TCPA of any target
become less than their preset limits. The audible alarm continues for 10 seconds.
The Auto Plotter displays equally time-spaced
dots (maximum five dots) marking the past
positions of any targets being tracked.
The ARP-10 continuously monitors the predicted range at the Closest Point of Approach
(CPA) and predicted time to CPA (TCPA) of
each tracked target to own ship.
If a target changes its speed, the spacing will
be uneven. If it changes course, its plotted
course will not be a straight line in TM mode.
To turn past position display an or off do the
following:
1. Open the ARP-10 menu.
2. Select History.
3. Select plot enterval among 15, 30 seconds, 1, 2, 3 or 6 minutes. Select OFF to
erose the past position display.
4. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key.
6-6
When the predicted CPA of any target becomes smaller than a preset CPA alarm range
and its predicted TCPA less than a preset
TCPA alarm limit, the ARP-10 releases an
audible alarm. In addition, the target plot symbol changes to a triangle and flashes together
with its vector. The flashing of the triangle plot
symbol and vector remain on the screen until the dangerous situation is no longer present
or you intentionally terminate tracking of the
target by using the [SELECT/CANCEL] key.
Provided that this feature is used correctly, it
will help prevent the risk of collision by alerting you to threatening targets. It is important
that GAIN, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and other
radar controls are properly adjusted and the
Auto Plotter is set up so that it can track targets effectively.
CPA/TCPA alarm ranges must be set up properly taking into consideration the size, tonnage, speed, turning performance and other
characteristics of own ship.
Follow the steps shown below to set the CPA/
TCPA alarm ranges:
1. Open the “ARP-10 MENU.”
2. On the “CPA Set” line, select a CPA limit
desired. (Off, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 nm)
3. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
4. On the “TCPA Set” line, select a TCPA
limit desired. (30s, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12M)
5. Press the [ACQ/ENTER] key.
6. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
Lost target alarm
When the system detects a loss of a tracked
target, the target symbol becomes a flashing
diamond.
6-7
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SPECIFICATIONS OF MARINE RADAR
MODEL 1932/1942 MARK-2
1. GENERAL
(1) Indication System
PPI Daylight display, raster scan, 8 tones in monochrome
(2) Range, Pulselength (PL) & Pulse Repetition Rate (PRR)
Range (nautical miles)
PL
PRR
0.125
SP
2100 Hz
0.25
0.5
0.75
600 Hz
1.5
2
3
4
6
8 12 16 24 36 48 64
0.08 µs
0.3 µs
MP 1200 Hz
LP
1
0.8 µs
*
*550 Hz on 48 nm range or more
Maximum Range;
MODEL 1932 M2: 48 nm, MODEL 1942 M2: 64 nm
(3) Range Resolution
20 m
(4) Bearing Discrimination
1.9º
(5) Minimum Range
25 m (0.25 NM range)
(6) Bearing Accuracy
Within 1º
(7) Bearing Resolution
4º
(8) Range Ring Accuracy
0.9 % of range or 8 m, whichever is the greater
2. SCANNER UNIT
(1) Radiator
Slotted waveguide array
(2) Polarization
Horizontal
(3) Antenna Rotation Speed
24 rpm or 48 rpm nominal
(4) Radiator Length
M1932M2: 100 cm (XN10A), M1942M2: 120 cm (XN12A)
(5) Horizontal Beamwidth
M1932M2: 2.4°, M1942M2: 1.9°
(6) Vertical Beamwidth
M1932M2: 27°, M1942M2: 22°
(7) Sidelobe Attenuation
Within ±20° of main-lobe: less than -24 dB
Outside ±20° of main-lobe: less than -30 dB
3. TRANSCEIVER MODULE
(1) Frequency
9410 MHz ±30MHz (X band)
(2) Modulation
P0N
(3) Peak Output Power
M1932M2: 4 kW nominal, M1942M2: 6 kW nominal
(4) Modulator
FET Switching Method
(5) Intermediate Frequency
60 MHz
(6) Tuning
Automatic or manual
(7) Receiver Front End
MIC (Microwave IC)
SP - 1
Tx pulselength 0.08 µs and 0.3 µs: 25 MHz
(8) Bandwidth
Tx pulselength 0.8 µs: 3 MHz
(9) Duplexer
Circulator with diode limiter
4. DISPLAY UNIT
(1) Indication System
PPI Daylight display, raster scan, 8 tones in monochrome
(2) Picture Tube
10 inch rectangular monochrome CRT
effective display area more than 150 mm
(3) Range, Range Interval, Number of Rings
Range (NM)
0.125 0.25
1 1.5 2 3
4
6 8 12 16 24 36 48 64
Ring Interval (NM) 0.0625 0.125 0.125 0.25 0.25 0.5 0.5 1
1
2 2
3
4 6 12 12 16
Number of Rings
4
3 4
4
4 4
2
2
0.5
4
0.75
3
4
3
4 3
Maximum Range;
MODEL 1932 M2: 48 nm, MODEL 1942 M2: 64 nm
(4) Markers
Heading Line, Bearing Scale, Range Rings,
3
4 4
Variable Range Marker (VRM1, VRM2),
Electronic Bearing Line (EBL1, EBL2),
Tuning Bar, Cursor, Parallel Cursor,
Alarm Zone, Waypoint Mark (navigation input required),
North Mark (heading sensor input required)
(5) Alphanumeric Indications
Range, Range Ring Interval, Pulselength (SP, MP, LP),
Display Mode (HU,CU,NU,TM),
Interference Rejection (IR1,IR2,IR3),
VRM (1, 2), EBL (1, 2), Automatic A/C SEA (A/C AUTO),
Stand-by (ST-BY), Radar Alarm (G(IN), G(OUT), G(ACKN)),
Echo Stretch (ES1, ES2), Cursor Range, Bearing or L/L Position,
Echo Tailing (TRAIL), Trailing Time, Trailing Elapsed Time,
Navigation Data (navigation input required),
Heading (HDC, heading sensor input required)
(6) Input Data
NMEA0183 (Ver.1.5/2.0), current loop
Own ship’s position:
GGA>RMC>RMA>GLL (accept GLL in NMEA Version 1.5 only)
Speed:
RMC>RMA>VTG>VHW
Heading (True):
HDT>HDG*1>HDM*1>VHW>VHW*1
Heading (Magnetic):
HDM>HDG*1>HDT*1>VHW>VHW*1
Course (True):
RMC>RMA>VTG
Course (Magnetic):
VTG>RMC>RMA
Waypoint (Range, Bearing): RMB>BWC>BWR
Loran time difference:
RMA>GLC>GTD
Water depth:
DPT>DBT>DBK>DBS
SP - 2
Water temperature:
MTW>MDA
Time:
ZDA
Cross track error:
RMB>XTE>APB
*1: calculate by magnetic drift.
(7) Output Data
NMEA0183 (Version1.5/2.0), RS-422
TLL (target data) and RSD
5. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
(1) Ambient Temperature
Scanner Unit: -25°C to +70°C
Display Unit: -15°C to +55°C
(2) Relative Humidity
95 % or less at +40°C
(3) Waterproofing
Scanner Unit: IPX6
Display Unit: IPX4
6. POWER SUPPLY & POWER CONSUMPTION
(1) Power Supply
12-32 VDC (10.8 to 41.6 VDC)
(2) Voltage and Current
24rpm: 12 VDC/7.8A, 24VDC/3.9A, 32VDC/2.9A (100 kt)
48rpm: 12 VDC/8.8A, 24VDC/4.4A, 32VDC/3.3A (70 kt)
(3) Power Consumption
24rpm: 70 W to 90 W (100 kt)
48rpm: 85 W to 105 W (70 kt)
7. DIMENSIONS AND MASS
See the Outline Drawings
8. COATING COLOR
(1) Display Unit
Panel: N3.0
Chassis: 2.5GY5/1.5
(2) Scanner Unit
N9.5
9. COMPASS SAFE DISTANCE
(1) M1932M2
Display Unit
Standard: 1.1 m
Steering: 0.8 m
Scanner Unit
Standard: 1.0 m
Steering: 0.8 m
Display Unit
Standard: 0.75 m
Steering: 0.6 m
Scanner Unit
Standard: 1.1 m
Steering: 0.8 m
(2) M1942M2
SP - 3
Index
A
Acquisition ...............................................
A/C AUTO key .........................................
ACQ/ENTER key .....................................
A/C RAIN control ....................................
A/C SEA control ....................................
Auto plotter ..............................................
N
6-4
2-4
6-2
2-4
2-3
6-2
B
Bearing measurement ............................. 2-6
Blind sectors ............................................ 4-4
Brilliance ........................................... 2-3, 3-8
BRILL key ................................................ 2-3
C
Course Up ............................................... 3-1
CPA/TCPA alarm ..................................... 6-6
D
Dead sector ............................................. 3-8
E
EBL ........................................................
Echo stretch ............................................
Echo trail ...............................................
Economy mode .......................................
2-6
3-2
3-2
2-2
F
Function controls (F1, F2) ...................... 3-8
Fuse ........................................................ 5-1
G
Gain control ............................................. 2-3
Guard alarm .......................................... 3-4
Guard alarm sensitivity ............................ 3-5
Guard key ......................................... 3-4, 3-5
Guard zone ............................................. 3-4
Navigation data .............................. 2-2, 3-6
Noise ....................................................... 3-8
North marker ........................................... 2-5
North up .................................................. 3-2
O
OTHERS menu ..................................... 3-7
Offcenter ................................................. 2-7
Offset EBL ............................................... 2-6
P
POWER key ............................................ 2-2
Presentation mode .................................. 3-1
Power on/off ............................................ 2-2
Program No. ............................................ 5-3
Pulsewidth ........................................ 2-3, 3-4
Pulselength ............................................. 2-3
R
Range key ............................................... 2-3
Range measurement ............................... 2-5
Range rings ............................................. 2-5
S
SART ....................................................... 4-2
SELECT/CHANCEL key ......................... 6-2
Self Test (keyboard, RAM, ROM) ............ 5-3
Sensitivity ................................................ 2-3
Shadow Sectors ...................................... 4-2
Side-lobe Echoes .................................. 4-1
Stand-by .................................................. 2-2
ST BY/TX key .......................................... 2-2
System configuration ................................. vii
T
Head up ................................................... 3-1
Heading marker ....................................... 2-5
TLL key ...................................................
Trail tone .................................................
Trail time .................................................
Transmitting ............................................
Troubleshooting ....................................
I
V
Indirect echoes ........................................ 4-1
Interference ........................................... 3-3
Vector length ........................................... 6-6
Vector mode ............................................ 6-6
VRM ........................................................ 2-5
H
L
Lost target alarm ..................................... 6-7
M
Magnetron ............................................. 5-3
Maintenance ............................................ 5-1
Multiple Echoes ....................................... 4-1
Menu tree .................................................. v
3-8
3-3
3-3
2-2
5-3
W
Watchman ............................................... 3-5
Z
Zoom ....................................................... 2-8
IN-1
The paper used in this manual
is elemental chlorine free.
FURUNO Authorized Distributor/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya 662-8580, JAPAN
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Fax
0798-65-4200
:
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION :AUG.
: AUG. 1998
D6
Pub. No. OME-34620
( DAMI ) MODEL1932/1942MARK-2
: JAN. 19, 2006
*00080835401*
*00080835401*
*00080835401*
*OME34620D60*
*OME34620D60*
*OME34620D60*