Furuno FM-8500 Telephone User Manual

VHF RADIOTELEPHONE
MODEL
FM-8500
Your Local Agent/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, Japan
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Telefax :
0798-65-4200
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION : DEC. 1995
K
PUB.No. OME-56030
( TATA ) FM-8500
: MAY. 17,2002
*00080762901*
*00080762901*
*00080762901*
*OME56030K00*
*OME56030K00*
*OME56030K00*
CANCELLING A FALSE
DISTRESS ALERT
1. Switch off transmitter immediately.
2. Switch equipment on and set to Channel 16.
3. Make broadcast to "All Stations" giving your vessel's name, callsign and DSC number,
and cancel the false distress alert.
Example message:
All Stations, All Stations, All Stations
This is NAME, CALLSIGN,
DSC NUMBER, POSITION.
Cancel my distress alert of
DATE, TIME, UTC.
=Master, NAME, CALLSIGN.
DSC NUMBER, DATE, TIME UTC.
i
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ii
WARNING
Do not open the equipment
except to replace paper or
fuse.
Hazardous voltage which can
cause electrical shock, burn or
serious injury exists inside the
equipment. Only qualified
personnel should work inside
the equipment.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury
can result.
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in fire or
permanent equipment damage.
Do not use the equipment for other than
its intended purpose.
Personal injury can result if the equipment
is used as a chair or stepping stool, for
example.
Do not place objects on the top of the
equipment.
The equipment can overheat or personal
injury can result if the object falls.
Turn off the power immediately if water
leaks into the equipment or the equipment is emitting smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock.
Do not place liquid-filled containers on
the top of the equipment.
Fire or electrical shock can result if a
liquid spills into the equipment.
Do not operate the equipment with wet
hands.
Electrical shock can result.
Keep heater away from equipment.
Heat can alter equipment shape and melt
the power cord, which can cause fire or
electrical shock.
iiiiii
iii
Table of Contents
FOREWORD ......................................................................................vii
System Configuration .....................................................................viii
1. VHF Radiotelephone Operational Overview
1.1 Controls, Indications ..................................................................................................1-2
1.2 Telephone Operation .................................................................................................1-3
2. DSC Terminal Operational Overview
2.1 DSC Messages ...........................................................................................................2-1
2.2 Controls, LEDs ...........................................................................................................2-3
2.3 Basic Operation ..........................................................................................................2-5
2.4 Auto Acknowledge .....................................................................................................2-8
3. DSC Distress Alert
3.1 Distress Alert Transmission ........................................................................................ 3-1
3.2 Manual Entry of Ship’s Position and Time ................................................................3-4
3.3 Receiving Distress Alert from Other Ship ..................................................................3-5
3.4 Distress Relay .............................................................................................................3-9
4. DSC Communication
4.1 Transmitting Individual Calls ..................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Receiving Individual Call (ACK RQ) ........................................................................4-5
4.3 Transmitting All Ships Calls ...................................................................................... 4-9
4.4 Receiving All Ships Calls .........................................................................................4-12
4.5 Creating and Saving Transmit Messages .................................................................4-15
4.6 Writing Over Files ....................................................................................................4-17
4.7 Retrieving, Transmitting Files ..................................................................................4-18
4.8 Transmit/Receive Message Memory ........................................................................4-19
5. Other Calling Types and Other Functions
5.1 Other Calling Types....................................................................................................5-1
5.2 Making Telephone Calls .............................................................................................5-4
5.3 Receiving Telephone Call from Coast Station ...........................................................5-7
5.4 Other Station IDs and Telephone Nos. .......................................................................5-8
v
6. Other Settings
6.1 Printer Setup (Auto/Manual) ......................................................................................6-1
6.2 Turning Keyboard Click ON/OFF..............................................................................6-4
6.3 Aural Alarm Setup ......................................................................................................6-5
7. System Confirmation
7.1 Confirming Own Ship’s ID ........................................................................................7-1
7.2 Confirming ROM Version ..........................................................................................7-2
7.3 Confirming VHF Section Settings ............................................................................. 7-3
7.4 Confirming VHF Channels ........................................................................................7-4
7.5 Confirming Tx Output Power ....................................................................................7-5
8. Maintenance & Troubleshooting
8.1 Maintenance ...............................................................................................................8-1
8.2 Troubleshooting..........................................................................................................8-1
8.3 Diagnostic Test ...........................................................................................................8-2
9. Specifications
10. Menu List
APPENDIX 1 Marine VHF Channel Lists .................................... AP-1
APPENDIX 2 Memory Channel List ............................................ AP-2
APPENDIX 3 DIGITAL INTERFACE (IEC 61162-1 Edition 2) ...... AP-3
Declaration of conformity to type
vi
FOREWORD
Thank you for purchasing this VHF Radiotelephone FM-8500. We
are confident you will discover why FURUNO has become synonymous with quality and reliability.
Dedicated in the design and manufacture of marine electronics
equipment for half a century, FURUNO Electric Company has
gained an unrivaled reputation as a world leader in the industry.
This is the result of our technical excellence as well as our worldwide distribution and service network.
Please carefully read and follow the safety information and operating and maintenance instructions set forth in this manual before
attempting to operate the equipment and conduct any maintenance.
Your VHF Radiotelephone FM-8500 will perform to the utmost of
its ability only if it is operated and maintained in accordance with
the correct procedures.
Features
The FM-8500 is a highly advanced, semi-duplex, fully synthesized
25W VHF transceiver with DSC terminal, designed to satisfy the
stringent requirements of marine communications. It complies with
GMDSS carriage requirements for safety and general communications.
• Conforms to the following standards and regulations:
IMO A. 694(17)
IMO A. 803(19)
IMO A. 524(13)
IMO MSC 68(68), MSC/Circ.862
IEC-61097-3/7/8
IEC-60945 (3rd edition)
IEC-61162-1
ETS 300 338, 301 033, 300 162
ITU-R M.493-9, M.541-8, M.689-2
• Automatic position and time input and update with connection
of EPFS (Electronic Position-Fixing Equipment).
• Optional printer can automatically print out received messages
and test results.
• Log stores 50 each of latest ordinary, distress and transmitted
messages, in separate memory blocks.
• One-touch testing facility.
Program number
DSC 0550182010 (version 1.12)
RT
0550183006 (version 1.06)
vii
System Configuration
CH70 Antenna
External
Speaker
Power Supply
PR-300
VHF Antenna
Position-fixing
Equipment
DSC Section
Handset
MIC Receptacle
Box
FM-8500
VHF Section
Distress Message Controller
DMC-5
Printer Interface
IF-8500
Printer
Figure 1 FM-8500 system configuration
viii
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1. VHF Radiotelephone
Operational Overview
The FM-8500 system consists of a main transceiver unit and two
antennas. The transceiver unit contains a VHF transmitter, receiver,
and channel 70 watch receiver module. The performance and operation are controlled on its front panel. The antenna may be of
any type available from FURUNO or market and the recommended
type is a vertically polarized non-directional type. The first antenna works for transmitting and receiving and the 2nd antenna for
watch keeping.
Keyboard
(for DSC operation)
LCD
VHF RADIOTELEPHONE FM-8500
POSITION AUTO ACK
Watch CH 70
auto
1
PRINT
DISTRESS CANCEL
DISTRESS
VOLUME
(PUSH)
Controls for
VHF operation
OFF
SQUELCH
OFF/DW/SCAN(PUSH)
ALARM
STOP
LOW
TX
HI
LOW
CH16
CALL
CHANNEL
REM USA WX PRIV MODE(PUSH)
2
TEST
3
CANCEL
CONTRAST VOLUME
4
5
6
FILE
RCVD
XMTD
7
8
9
0
SELECT
ENT
AUTO
CH16 key
Channel selector
Volume with
High/Low
power
(Press for Mode selection)
Power ON/OFF
(Press to turn on/off Squelch control
Channel No. display
loudspeaker.)
(Press for DW, Scan)
Figure 1-1 FM-8500 transceiver unit
1-1
1.1 Controls, Indications
Controls
CHANNEL/
MODE
Selects a channel. Pressing the Channel Selector
(rotary control) changes the mode from INTL,
USA, WX, and PRIV in this order. (Appears when
USA/WX and PRIV mode are registered.)
SQUELCH/
DW/SCAN
Mutes the receiver when no signal is present on
the channel selected. Auto position automatically
reduces white noise.
Pressing the control changes the operating modes:
Dual watch, Scan and Off.
VOLUME/
Turns the power on or off and adjusts the volume
LOUDSPEAKER of the built-in loudspeaker.
Pressing the control turns the loudspeaker on or
off.
HI/LOW key
Alternates high or low output power.
CH16 key
Selects channel 16.
Indications
The display shows the following indications;
Indication
Function
Internal loudspeaker OFF, by pressing the VOLUME
control. Internal loudspeaker is automatically turned
off whenever the handset is picked up.
1-2
LOW
Lights for low RF power.
TX
Lights while transmitting.
REM
Lights when FM-8500 is under control by RB-700
Remote Station.
USA
USA mode. (Some ITU duplex channels are used as
simplex channels.)
WX
Lights when a weather channel is selected. (Available
in US version.)
DW/SCAN
DW for Dual Watch; SCAN for scanning.
1.2 Telephone Operation
Turning the power on and off
To turn the power on, turn the VOLUME control clockwise until
you hear a click. To turn the power off, turn the control fully counterclockwise until you hear the click.
Selecting channel modes
While pressing the channel selector, press the CH16 key to select
the channel mode, International, USA (in the case of USA version), private (if authorized), or weather mode (USA version). The
International version of FM-8500 has no such selection.
On the weather channel mode, a beep is emitted when the weather
alert tone is received.
NOTE: Private channels are available only where permitted by
the authorities.
Selecting channels
Rotate the CHANNEL selector clockwise (counterclockwise) until a desired channel is reached.
Adjusting volume
The VOLUME control adjusts the volume of the loudspeaker.
Adjusting squelch
The SQUELCH control adjusts the squelch threshold level. Adjust
it so that white noise heard in the loudspeaker just fades out. Perform this operation when no traffic is being received. AUTO squelch
automatically reduces white noise. Usually select "AUTO" position. Avoid turning the squelch too far clockwise: you may miss a
long distance communication.
Note: To obtain correct scan watch/dual watch response, adjust
the SQUELCH control precisely.
Every press of the SQUELCH control changes the function as follows:
OFF
DW
SCAN
1-3
Transmitting
Press the PTT (Press-to-talk) switch on the handset or microphone
to talk, and release it to listen for the response.
Output power
• BEFORE transmitting, think about the subjects which have to be communicated and, if necessary, prepare written notes to avoid unecessary interruptions and ensure that no valuable time is wasted on a busy channel.
• Listen before commencing to transmit to make certain that the channel is
not already in use.
Each press of the [HI/LOW] key selects HI or LOW output power.
The transmitter power is automatically set for low on the following channels.
International:
CH15, CH17
USA:
CH13, CH15, CH17, CH67; to operate USA channel 13 or 67 in high power, keep [HI/LOW]
pressed while talking into the handset.
Turning the loudspeaker on/off
To turn the loudspeaker on/off, press the VOLUME control. The
loudspeaker off mark appears when the speaker is off. The loudspeaker is automatically turned off when the telephone handset is
used on semi-duplex channels.
Channel 16
Press the [CH16] key to select channel CH16, International Calling and Safety Channel.
This is an international calling and safety channel. The use is limited for distress, safety and calling. The transmission on CH16
(156.800 MHz) should be limited to within 1 minute except for
distress calling.
Avoid calling on Channel 16 for purposes other than distress, urgency and very brief safety communications when another calling
channel is available.
1-4
Dual watch
The dual watch allows you to keep watch on channel 16 and another channel. CH16 and another channel are watched at intervals
of 0.15 seconds and one second, respectively.
To start DW, press the SQUELCH control once. When the receiver
finds a signal on channel 16, it locks on CH16 and restarts dual
watching after the signal on CH16 has gone. If another channel
has traffic, it still continues dual watch. The speech is heard intermittently. If you are annoyed with the intermittence, turn off DW
by pressing the PTT switch on the handset or pressing the
SQUELCH control.
Scanning
The receiver scans all channels in the selected channel mode in
ascending channel order, watching CH16 between channels as below:
To start scanning, press the SQUELCH control and SCAN is started.
When the receiver finds a signal, scanning is stopped on that channel and starts dual watch on it and channel 16.
1
16
2
16
3
16
4…
16
88
16
87
16
86
16…
Time-out-timer (U.S.A. type only)
The FM-8500 is equipped with an automatic timing device that
deactivates the transmitter and reverts the transceiver to the receive mode after an uninterrupted transmission period of 5 minutes.
Remarks on voice communications
Automatic acknowledge is automatically changed to manual acknowledge when voice communications begin. (The "auto" indication, however, remains on the screen.) This is done to prevent
break in communications. Automatic acknowledge is automatically
restored once voice communications are terminated.
Priority
The priority of the equipments is as follows.
DSC section of FM-8500 > Wing handset > Handset of FM-8500
> Remote Station RB-700
1-5
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2. DSC Terminal
Operational Overview
2.1 DSC Messages
The contents of a DSC message change with format specifier (calling category).
1. Format: Calling type
IND:
TEL:
ALL:
R/A:
R/S:
GRP:
POS:
Individual Call
Telephone Call
All Ships Call
Relay All Ships Call
Relay Specific Ships Call
Group Call
Position Request Call
2. Address: Station’s 9-digit ID number
IDs starting with “00” are coast stations, those starting with “0”
are group IDs or another IDs are ship’s IDs.
3. Category: Communication priority
There are four communication priorities as below:
DIS: A vessel is in grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance.
URG: Announce important safety information or request medical
assistance.
SAF: Transmitting a message containing an important navigational
or an important meteorological warning.
ROU: For routine (individual) calling.
4. DSC: DSC channel
A DSC channel is different from the usual communication channel
because it is not used for voice communication but rather DSC and
acknowledging receipt of message.
5. Telecom1: Telecommand
The communication mode; simplex or semi-duplex.
2-1
6. Channel: Voice communication channel
To communicate with a coast station, a station sends its position
data to the coast station and the coast station determines the channel to use. A station may only use CH16 (distress channel) in the
event of distress.
7. Pos: Ship’s position
Position input by radionavigational equipment.
8. UTC: Universal Time Coordination
The equipment contains a clock. External time input from
radionavigational equipment cannot be used.
9. ACK RQ (BQ):
Acknowledge request (RQ) or acknowledge reply (BQ).
2-2
2.2 Controls, LEDs
Controls
DSC controls
LCD
VHF RADIOTELEPHONE FM-8500
POSITION AUTO ACK
Watch VHF ch70
auto
1
PRINT
DISTRESS CANCEL
DISTRESS
VOLUME
(PUSH)
OFF
SQUELCH
OFF/DW/SCAN(PUSH)
ALARM
STOP
LOW
TX
HI
LOW
CH16
CALL
CHANNEL
REM USA WX PRIV MODE(PUSH)
2
TEST
3
CANCEL
CONTRAST VOLUME
4
5
6
FILE
RCVD
XMTD
7
8
9
0
SELECT
ENT
AUTO
Transmits messages other than distress.
Silences the receive alarm.
Stops repetitive alerts.
Transmits the distress alert. Open cover on
[DISTRESS] key and press the key 4 seconds
continuously.
Figure 2-1 FM-8500 transceiver unit
LEDs
DISTRESS
ALARM
STOP
The four LEDs surrounding the [DISTRESS] key light when the
key is pressed, 4 seconds continuously.
• The upper two of the four LEDs surrounding the [ALARM
STOP] key blink (and alarm sounds) when distress or urgent
message is received. LEDs can be extinguished and alarm silenced by pressing the [ALARM STOP] key.
• The lower two LEDs (Green) blink (and alarm sounds) when
message other than distress/urgent are received. Alarm is automatically silenced five seconds after message is received.
2-3
POSITION AUTO ACK
1
PRINT
2
TEST
3
CANCEL
CONTRAST VOLUME
4
5
6
FILE
RCVD
XMTD
7
8
9
0
SELECT
ENT
Figure 2-2 Keyboard
Function/Purpose
Key
0
9
CANCEL
Enter numeric data.
Cancels wrong data and restores previous menu.
Adjusts illumination of LED and keys in four levels.
SELECT
1. Display “Set up menu” (Main menu).
2. Changes settings of items appearing with blinking question mark.
ENT
Registers key input. (Blinking item is registered when key is pressed.)
1. Shifts the cursor leftward.
2. Restores previous display when pressed at displays with a blinking
question mark.
Shifts the cursor rightward.
POSITION
1
AUTO ACK
2
Ship’s position and time are shown while pressed and held down.
Turns automatic transmission of acknowledge call (AUTO ACK) on/off. (Refer
to page 2-8.) Note that distress alert cannot be automatically acknowledged
by “auto acknowledge”.
TEST
3
Conducts self-tests.
PRINT
4
Printing. (This is also available for automatic setting of the printer.)
CONTRAST
5
Adjusts contrast of LCD in eight levels.
FILE
7
RCVD
8
XMTD
9
VOLUME
6
2-4
Retrieves files.
Displays contents of received messages (Storage capacity: 100 files, 50 each
of distress and other). (Refer to page 4-21.)
Displays contents of transmitted messages (Storage capacity: 50 files).
(Refer to page 4-19.)
Not used.
2.3 Basic Operation
Normal display
When the FM-8500 is turned on, the following display appears.
This display is known as the “normal display.”
Watch VHF CH70
Normal display
screen
auto
[2] key pressed to get “auto” screen.
Should you get lost in operation you can return to the normal display by pressing the [CANCEL] key several times.
Selecting and registering items
The arrow keys ( [t] and [s] ) function to select items on the LCD.
After selecting item, press the [ENT] key to register it.
Item selected by cursor
appears here.
Call type <ALL ships>
Blinking
cusor
IND TEL ALL R/A --encloses
current
selection. (Shifts
(Shifts
cursor
cursor
leftward.)
rightward.)
Call type
selection screen
(In this example
it is “Call type”.)
Press the [ENT] key.
When blinking question mark appears
Press the [ENT] or [SELECT] key depending on your desire.
Blinking question mark
* VHF call message *
Format ? INDIVIDUAL
• If change is necessary,
press the [SELECT] key.
Format selection screen
(In this example it is format
for “VHF call message”.)
• If no change is necessary,
press the [ENT] key.
2-5
Preparing and Transmitting Messages
There are two methods by which you can prepare and transmit
messages, and they are shown below.
Preparing message for immediate transmission
Prepare message and then transmit it.
Normal display
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format? INDIVIDUAL
For how to prepare a message, refer
to page 4-1.
After preparation, press the [CALL]
key to transmit the message.
Preparing and storing message for later transmission
Prepare messages excluding distress message and save them to the
memory. (Maximum 99 files) You may retrieve and transmit a
memory-stored message as follows.
Normal display
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set up menu <
1
2
3
4
>
6
7
9 ALM
Press the [7] key.
For how to prepare and store a message, refer to “4.5 Preparing
and Saving Transmit Messages”.
After the normal display appears, press keys in the order
shown below to transmit a message.
Press the [7] key. / (Enter file number.) / Press the [CALL] key.
2-6
Status of FM-8500 during DSC Call
When the distress alert is transmitted (by pressing the [DISTRESS]
key), the output power of the FM-8500 is automatically set to maximum (25 W).
Key entry of VHF
The FM-8500’s keyboard accepts no key input while DSC message is transmitted. (Distress call: inoperative about 3 seconds, other
calls: inoperative about 0.5 seconds.)
To unlock it manually, if necessary, press the [CANCEL] key.
The VHF section keyboard accepts no key input when the PTT
switch is operated.
2-7
2.4 Auto Acknowledge
Auto acknowledge functions to automatically acknowledge individual calls. Press the [2] (AUTO ACK) key to automatically transmit the acknowledge back (ACK BQ) to the sending station when
an individual call is received.
An individual message cannot be automatically acknowledged
when it is received while the handset is off hook.
When auto acknowledge is disabled
• Automatic acknowledge is disabled when an Error Checking
Code (ECC) appears at the end of a receive message.
• A distress alert is received.(A distress alert cannot be acknowledged automatically.)
Turning & AUTO ACK on/off
Each press of the[2] key enables/disables auto acknowledge function..
“auto” function
Provides automatic acknowledge of individual calls. Automatic
acknowledge, however, is disabled when conducting voice communications.
“manual” function
Manual acknowledge of all calls. However, an all ship’s call is
automatically acknowledged when no voice communications are
taking place when the call is received. See page 4-12 for details.
2-8
Transmitting the distress call
Watch VHF CH70
auto
1 Open cover on [DISTRESS] key.
2 Press [DISTRESS] key 4 seconds
continuously.
DISTRESS CALL CH70
34° 40N
135° 20E
at 15:20
Nature of Distress
[1]: Fire, explosion
[2]: Flooding
[3]: Collision
[4]: Grounding
[5]: Listing, capsizing
[6]: Sinking
[7]: Disabled & adrift
[8]: Abandoning
[0]: Undesignated
[ ]: Piracy/armed
robbery attack
[ ]: Man overboard
Position/Time
If no numeric
key is pressed,
distress alert is
automatically
transmitted.
To announce nature of distress, press appropriate key
for nature of distress within 3 sec. after pressing the
[DISTRESS] key. Continue pressing [DISTRESS] key 4
sec.
DISTRESS CALL Nature?
Nature of Distress
UNDESIGNATED
If wrong nature of distress is input, enter correct
nature within 3 seconds.
* Call in progress *
DISTRESS CALL CH70
(Transmitting)
Transmission time is about three seconds.
A coast station will transmit a DIST ACK signal to you to confirm the
distress alert. Once you have received the DIST ACK signal, CH16
(Distress, Safety and Calling frequency) is automatically selected so
that you may commence voice communications with the coast
station. After the [DISTRESS] key has been pressed, no further
operation of the radiotelephone is required until you have received
the DIST ACK signal.
* Wait for dist ack *
Next CH70 3.7 min
(Waiting for distress
acknowldege)
Counts down. If distress call is not
acknowledged it is automatically
retransmitted until acknowledged.
(Do nothing until own ship receives DIST
ACK.)
(continued on next page)
3-2
(from previous page)
* Received * DISTRESS ACK
ID : 001234567
ID of station (usually coast station)
which transmitted DIST ACK.
Commence voice communications with coast station on CH16.
1. Provide the following information to the coast station:
(1) Speak slowly and distinctly, “MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY”, pronounced as the French expression “m’aider”.
Distress call
(2) This is;
(3) The name of your vessel and call sign three times.
Then, begin the distress communications, which consists of:
(1) Position in latitude and longitude;
(2) The name of the distress;
Distress communications
(3) The kind of assistance desired;
(4) Any other information which might facilitate rescue, for
example, length, color, and type of vessel, number of persons on board.
2. Indicate the end of message by saying “Over”.
Some countries do not have sea area A. In this case "ACK" from
the coast station does not arrive over DSC. A ship nearby will contact the vessel in distress over CH16. After transmitting the distress alert conduct voice distress communications as shown above.
3-3
3.2 Manual Entry of Ship’s Position and Time
Entering data manually
If automatic position input is lost for one minute the message "EPFS
error" appears. In this case, enter position manually as below.
(Normal display)
* VHF call message *
Format: DISTRESS
Watch VHF CH70
To enter data manually
from the Distress Alert
message, press [ENT]
and select call type
Distress.
Press the [SELECT] key
followed by the [1] key.
Press [ENT], [ENT]
[SELECT] in this order.
Position <
NORTH=
>
˚
S
E=
Enter
latitude.
˚
Enter
longitude.
To move blinking cursor from NORTH
position to SOUTH, press the [s] key.
W
UTC=
:
Enter time
(UTC).
Press the [ENT] key.
(Returns to normal
display.)
Note: If the manually entered position is not updated within four
hours the buzzer sounds and the message "Warning: Update position!" appears on the screen. And if not updated within 23.5 hours
the position entered is erased. Once automatic input of position is
restored, cancel manually entered position as below.
Confirming Ship's Position and Time
Press and hold down the [1] (POSITION) key, ship's position and
time are shown while the key is pressed.
Canceling manually entered data
To cancel the manually entered data, enter 9999 for the time and
press the [ENT] key.
Note: Above procedure may also be used when you do not know
your ship's position. This data is input as NO INFORMATION in
POS&TIME in the DISTRESS ALERT MESSAGE.
3-4
3.3 Receiving Distress Alert from Other Ship
In no case is a ship permitted to transmit a DSC distress relay
call on receipt of a DSC distress alert on VHF channel 70.
Conditions necessary for relaying distress alert:
1 When the station in distress is not itself in a position to transmit
the distress message, or
2 When the master or person responsible for the vessel not in
distress, or the person responsible for the coast station, considers that further help is necessary.
Procedure when in area A1
1. When the FM-8500 receives a distress alert from another vessel the upper two LEDs (Red) near the [ALARM STOP] key
blink and the FM-8500 sounds the distress alarm.
2. Silence the alarm by pressing the [ALARM STOP] key.
3. Wait up to three minutes until the DIST ACK signal from a
coast station is received. Be prepared to follow the instructions
of the coast station.
4. If you do not receive the DIST ACK signal, follow the flow
chart shown on the next page.
If further DSC alerts are received from the same source and the
ship in distress is beyond doubt in the vicinity, a DSC
acknowledgement may, after consulation with an RCC or Coast
Station, be sent to terminate the call.
Note 1: An asterisk (*) in a received distress alert message indicates error or unknown at the location marked with the asterisk.
Note 2: Do not send DISK ACK in response to receipt of distress
alert having a nature of distress of EPIRB emission.
Your Ship
About 20 to 30 miles
(Sea area A1)
Coast station
Distress Alert
Transmission
Vessel in Distress
3-5
Flow chart - Action by ships upon reception of VHF DSC distress alert
DSC Distress alert received.
Press [ALARM STOP]
key to silence alarm.
Listen on CH16 for
5 minutes.
Did you receive
acknowledge from
CS and/or RCC?
No
Is distress traffic
in progress?
Yes
Yes
Is own
vessel able
to assist?
No
CS = Coast Station
RCC = Rescue Co-ordination Center
Enter details in log.
3-6
No
Is distress call
continuing?
No
Yes
Yes Acknowledge the alert by
radiotelphony to the ship
in distress on VHF CH16.
1. Say "MAYDAY" ONCE.
2. Say ID number of vessel
in distress THREE TIMES.
3. Say "This is" ONCE.
4. Say ID number of your vessel
THREE TIMES.
5. Say "Received MAYDAY"
ONCE.
Inform CS and/or RCC.
Transmitting DIST ACK over CH16
Select VHF CH16 and transmit DIST ACK to vessel in distress.
No reply
Transmit DIST ACK to vessel in
distress over DSC CH70.
Reply received
Communicate with vessel in distress.
Relay the distress alert to a coast station by DSC. Follow the instructions
of the coast station.
Begin search and rescue operation for the vessel in distress.
3-7
Transmitting DIST ACK
When you receive retransmission of distress alert from vessel in
distress.
* Received * DISTRESS CALL
ID:
CH70
ID of vessel in distress
1 Press the [ALARM STOP] key to silence the alarm.
Then, press the [ENT] key successively to view
contents of distress message.
Acknowledge call <
>
ACK RELAY END --Press the [ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
DIST ACK CALL
CH70
2 If you do not receive DIST ACK from coast station
within three minutes and your vessel meets
requirements (see previous page) for transmitting
DIST ACK, transmit it by pressing the [CALL] key.
* Call in progress *
DIST ACK CALL
CH70
(Your vessel
transmitting
DIST ACK)
Returns to normal display.
After transmitting DIST ACK
Begin search and rescue operations for the vessel in distress, communicating with the vessel over CH16 (automatically set) on the
FM-8500. Relay distress alert to coast station by MF DSC. Finally, follow instruction of the coast station.
3-8
3.4 Distress Relay
General
If a vessel in distress is obviously near own ship and is not able to
transmit the distress alert by itself, you can relay (transmit) the
alert on behalf of the vessel in distress. You may relay a distress
alert in the following conditions;
1When the station in distress is not itself in a position to transmit
the distress message, or
2When the master or person responsible for the vessel not in distress, or the person responsible for the coast station, considers
that further help is necessary.
However, DO NOT press the [DISTRESS] key; it is for use when
own vessel is in distress.
Procedure
Watch VHF CH70
(Normal display)
auto
Press the [ENT] key, and press the [SELECT] key.
(To select call type.)
Call type <
>
IND TEL ALL R/A R/S DST
Relay/ALL
(All Ships Call)
Refer to page 5-1
for detail of items.
To call specific coast station
(individual call), select “R/S”, then
press the [ENT] key. After that,
enter the coast station ID.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF Call message *
Format: DIST RELAY ALL
(Display for
All Ships Call)
Press the [ENT] key, and press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter ID of vessel in distress.)
(*1)
(continued on next page)
3-9
(from previous page)
(*1)
Address < No inform >
input DIGITS=
Enter ID of vessel in distress.
(If not know, enter “99 …… 9” to set up for
“No information”.)
Press the [ENT] key.
Nature of distress?
UNDESIGNATED DISTRESS
To designate nature of distress,
press the [SELECT] key.
If unknown, press the [ENT] key, and press the
[SELECT] key.
(To enter position of vessel in distress.)
Position <
>
NORTH=
Manually enter position of vessel in distress, referring to page
3-4. If position is unknown enter "9999" (no information).
Press the [ENT] key, and press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter time.)
Distress UTC:
UTC?
Manually enter time.
(“9999” means no information.)
Press the [ENT] key twice.
* Ready for calling *
DIST RELAY ALL
CH70
Press the [CALL] key.
(continued on next page)
3-10
(from previous page)
DISTRESS RELAY ALL
Dist ship ID:
* Call in progress *
For All Ships Call only
(When selecting "R/A" in call type.)
DISTRESS RELAY ALL
(Distress ship ID
appears on second line.)
(Transmitting distress
relay to all ships/coast
station.)
Distress alert transmitted (relayed) for about 3 seconds.
Returns to
normal display.
Only for individual Call
(When selecting “R/S” in call type.)
* Wait for relay ack *
Watch on CH16,
following instructions
of a coast station.
Dist:
ID of vessel
in distress
4.8 min
“Wait for relay ack”
screen
Counts down from
five minutes.
If not acknowledged,
* No ack call received *
If acknowledged within
five min., press the
[ENT] key
successively to view
contents of receive
message from coast
station.
Watch on CH16,
following instructions
of a coast station.
Press the [CANCEL] key to return to the normal display. Then,
relay distress call by all ships call, contact coast station, and
search and rescue vessel in distress.
After relaying the alert, you must conduct search and
rescue for the vessel in distress, following instructions
of a coast station.
3-11
This page is intentionally left blank.
4. DSC Communication
4.1 Transmitting Individual Calls
General
The individual call is for sending message to a specific station.
After transmitting message (called ACK RQ transmission), wait to
receive the acknowledge back (ACK BQ) signal from receiving
station. You should receive it within five minutes.
2 Acknowledge back
(ACK BQ signal)
1 Individual call
(ACK RQ transmission)
Own Ship
Coast Station
Figure 4-1 Individual Call
General procedure
Load saved Tx message, or prepare
message.
Transmit message.
Receive ACK BQ from receiving station.
Communicate with station.
4-1
Detailed procedure
Prepare and transmit a message as follows.
Watch VHF CH70
Press the [ENT] key.
Previously selected
format appears here. If
“INDIVIDUAL” appears,
press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select format.)
Call type <
>
IND TEL ALL --Place the cursor on “IND”.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format: INDIVIDUAL
Press the [ENT] key.
Address?
Category:
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter other station ID.)
Address <
>
input digits =
Entry of other station ID
Ship station: 9 digits
Coast station: 00 + 7 digits
Press the [t] key.
(To return to
previous menu.)
Press the [ENT] key.
Address:
Category?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select category.)
Category <
DIS
URG
>
SAF
ROU
Select “ROU”.
Press the [ENT] key.
(continued on next page)
4-2
“ROU” (Routine) is
normally selected.
Address?
Category:
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter other station ID.)
Address <
>
input digits =
Entry of other station ID
Ship station: 9 digits
Coast station: 00 + 7 digits
Press the [t] key.
(To return to
previous menu.)
Press the [ENT] key.
Address:
Category?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select category.)
Category <
DIS
URG
>
SAF
“ROU” (Routine) is
normally selected.
ROU
Select “ROU”.
Telecom1?
Telecom2:
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select telecommand 1.)
Telecom1 <
SMP
DUP
Usually select “SMP” or “DUP”.
>
DAT
FAX
NO
Select mode desired.
Press the [ENT] key.
4-3
(From previous page.)
After receiving the ACK BQ signal, do the following:
* Wait for ack BQ *
Next CH70
When the ACK BQ signal is received;
ABLE:
Receiving station
accepts working
channel proposed
by your ship.
* Received *
ACK BQ
UNABLE: "16" is displayed
when other ship
ID:
ROUTINE
rejected working
channel proposed
by your ship. If
Received station ID
coast station was
called, however,
1Alarm sounds. To silence, press the
the LCD shows
[ALARM STOP] key.
"QUEUE INDICATION,"
meaning the coast
station is busy.
2If ABLE appears, communicate with other
Wait on channel
station over the VHF.
designated; the
coast station will
If UNABLE appears, prepare a message with
contact you.
different proposal and transmit it by pressing the
[CALL] key. Repeat until proposal is mutually
accepted.
3If you want to view contents of receive
message, press the [ENT] key successively.
Returns to normal display.
4-4
4.2 Receiving Individual Call (ACK RQ)
General
When an individual call is received, the FM-8500 responds to the
call depending on the setting of automatic acknowledge (AUTO
ACK) function:
• AUTO ACK: ON (“auto” appears.)
The DSC transmits the acknowledge back (ACK BQ)
signal automatically.
• AUTO ACK: OFF (“manual” appears.)
Verify contents of receive message by pressing the
[ENT] key successively, then manually transmit the
ACK BQ signal by pressing the [CALL] key.
Individual call (ACK RQ)
Own Ship
Coast Station
Figure 4-2 Receiving "Individual Call"
Setting of “ABLE” or “UNABLE”
When AUTO ACK function is ON, you can select either “able” or
“unable” (to comply) for proposal from other station. See the next
page.
4-5
Watch VHF CH70
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To diaplay Setup menu.)
Set up menu <
>
Setup menu
(Main menu)
1 2 3 ---
ABLE:
Comply status <
Normally set to ABLE.
UNABLE
>
ABLE
Press the
Press the [ENT] key.
[ENT] key.
Unable <
To accept
proposal of
transmitting
station.
UNABLE: Proposal is not
accepted.
>
NOR BSY --Select reason why unable to comply.
(Normal setting: No reason)
Press the [ENT] key.
Returns to normal display.
Receiving individual call message (ACK RQ) with AUTO ACK On
The FM-8500 sends the ACK BQ signal automatically.
Automatic transmission of ACK BQ
(Alarm sounds.).
ABLE or UNABLE appears.
* Auto ack *
Other station ID
ID:
• When “able to comply” is
selected. (“ABLE” appears.)
• When “unable to comply” is
selected. (“UNABLE” appears.)
Since the channel of the FM-8500
is automatically set to the channel
designated by a transmitting
station, voice communication can
be initiated by you or transmitting
station.
The channel of the FM-8500 is
restored to the previous channel.
(The channel is diffrent from the
one designated by other station.)
Then, prepare a message with
diffrent proposal and transmit it by
pressing the [CALL] key.
4-6
Receiving ACK RQ with AUTO ACK Off
After verifying contents of receive message, manually transmit the
ACK BQ signal by pressing the [CALL] key within five minutes.
If the signal is transmitted more than five minutes after reception
of ACK RQ signal, it is treated as an ACK RQ signal rather than
ACK BQ.
Other ship ID
* Received * ACK RQ
ID:
Alarm sounds. To silence, press the [ALRAM STOP] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
Communication mode
DUPLEX TP
No information
Channel:
Confirm proposal
from other station.
Working channel
ACK: Transmits ACK BQ
signal.
END: Returns to normal
display.
NEXT: Recalls received
message.
DEL: Deletes received
message from
memory.
Press the [ENT] key twice.
Acknowledge call <
>
ACK END NEXT DEL
Press the [ENT] key.
* Acknowledge call *
Communication mode
Telecom1? DUPLEX TP
To change communication
mode, press the [SELECT]
key.
Press the [ENT] key.
Channel?
(*1)
(continued on next page)
Working channel
• If no change is necessary,
press the [ENT] key.
• To change working channel, press
the [SELECT] key then enter desired
channel number followed by the
[ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
ACK BQ CALL
CH70
To transmit the ACK BQ signal, press
the [CALL] key.
Then, communicate
with other station.
Returns to normal display.
4-7
(*1)
(from previous page)
When changing communication mode.
Telecom1 <
UNA
SMP
>
DUP
---
Example when selecting “Unable”.
(Proposal from transmittion station
is not acceptable.)
Telecom1 <
UNA
DUP
---
Example when
selecting “Simplex”.
Press the [ENT] key.
Telecom unable comply?
SMP
>
Press the [ENT] key.
Channel?
No reason
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select reason why unable
to comply.)
Unable <
NOR
BYS
>
---
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To change working channel.)
Working channel <
>
input digits =
Select reason.
Enter working channel.
Press the [ENT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
ACK BQ CALL
CH70
Press the [CALL] key.
If a diffrent communication mode is selected as shown
above, “ACK BQ” call is first transmitted and “ACK RQ”
call automatically continues.
This means the message proposed here is transmitted
as ACK RQ signal (not ACK BQ).
Finally the “Wait for ACK BQ” screen appears.
4-8
4.3 Transmitting All Ships Calls
When to use All Ships Call
The All Ships Call is used to transmit important ship’s safety message, safety of life at sea message or meteorological warning.
After transmitting message, you can communicate by voice over
the FM-8500.
Coast Station
Own Ship
Figure 4-3 All Ships Call
General procedure
Open file to transmit, or prepare message.
Press the [CALL] key.
Begin voice communications.
The procedure for voice communication is shown on the next page.
4-9
Detailed procedure
Watch VHF CH70
auto
Previously selected
format appears here. If
“ALL SHIPS” appears,
press the [ENT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select format.)
Call type <
>
IND TEL ALL ---
Place the cursor on “ALL”.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format: ALL SHIPS
Press the [ENT] key.
Category?
Telecom1:
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select category.)
Category <
DIS : Distress
URG : Urgency
SAF : Safety
ROU : Routine
>
DIS URG SAF ROU
Select category desired.
(example: SAFety)
Usually select priority higher than “SAF”.
Press the [ENT] key.
Category: Safety
Telecom1?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select telecommand 1.)
(continued on next page)
4-10
(from previous page)
Telecom1 <
SMP
Press the [t] key.
(To return to
previous menu.)
DUP
>
DAT
Usually select “SMP”.
---
Select communication mode disired.
(example: Simplex)
Press the [ENT] key.
Telecom2: No information
Channel?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter working channel.)
Working channel <
input digits =
>
16
Channel entry (example:16)
Press the [ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
ALL SHIPS CALL CH70
To cancel message
prepared, press the
[CANCEL] key.
Press the [CALL] key.
(To transmit call.)
* Call in progress *
Returns to normal display.
ALL SHIPS CALL CH70
Transmission time
about 0.5 seconds
Returns to nornmal display.
The channel of the
FM-8500 is
automatically set to
CH70 and the
message prepared
here is transmitted.
Since the channel of the FM-8500 is automatically
set to CH16 (designated above), you can commence
voice communication immediately.
4-11
4.4 Receiving All Ships Calls
General
When an all ship’s call is received while conducting voice communications, press [2] (AUTO ACK) to switch to VHF channel.
The all ship’s call, transmitted by coast station or ship station, provides navigation and weather alerts and emergency information.
Status of FM-8500
Handset
status
On hook (*)
When an all ship's call is received
1. Equipment automatically switches to working
channel.
2. Caller's voice can be heard.
1. Alarm sounds.
2. Press [2 ](AUTO ACK) key to switch to working
Off hook (*)
channel.
3. Caller's voice can be heard.
* On hook: Handset hung in hook.
Off hook: Handset picked up.
Procedure for on hook status
Basic procedure
Watch DSC distress/safety channel.
Receive All Ships Call.
VHF channel is automatically selected.
Listen to message.
4-12
Detailed procedure
Watch VHF CH70
auto
Channel is automatically changed.
Listen to voice
message.
Below is the sequence for
receiving an All Ships Call in
auto acknowledge.
* Received * ALL SHIPS CALL
ID: 007654321 Safety
Press the [ENT] key.
SIMPLEX NO INFORM
Channel: CH25
Press the [ENT] key.
EOS: EOS
ECC: OK
Press the [ENT] key.
Receive call <
END
NEXT
>
DEL
Select “END” and press the [ENT] key.
Watch
auto
End
Procedure for off hook status
Basic procedure
Notice of All Ships Call. arrives while communicating
with other ship.
Watch DSC CH70.
Receive All Ships Call.
Press [ALARM STOP ] key to silence alarm.
Press the [2] key.
Listen to voice message.
4-13
Detailed procedure
Below is the sequence for manually acknowledging an All Ships
Call when the handset is off hook.
Watch
Do the following to receive an
ALL Ships Call.
manual
* Received * ALL SHIPS CALL
ID: 007654321 Safety
Press the [2 (AUTO ACK)] key followed by the [ENT] key to
change channel.
SIMPLEX NO INFORM
Channel: CH25
Press the [ENT] key.
EOS: EOS
ECC: OK
Press the [ENT] key.
Receive call <
END
NEXT
>
DEL
Select “END” and press the [ENT] key.
Watch
manual
Listen to contents of message.
4-14
(from previous page)
Prepare a message by referring to
page 4-9 (All Ships) and page 4-1 (individual).
* Ready for filing *
Press the [ENT] key.
(To select file number under which to save message.)
Call message <
To select a diffrent file
number, use the arrow
keys.
(
:Up,
:Down)
>
01/59:
Press the [ENT] key.
(To assign file name.)
File No.
(blinking)
Name <
END
To scroll screen,
press the [s] key.
>
A B C D ------ R
Assign a file name (max. 16 characters) by
the arrow keys, the [ENT] key and ten keys.
Example File Name: A1
1. Place the cursor on “A” with the arrow keys and press the [ENT] key.
(For alphabet always press the [ENT] key after selection.)
2. Press the [1] key.
To change specific character,
press the [SELECT] key and …
: Moves upper cursor
rightward every pressing.
: Moves upper cursor
leftward every pressing.
Name < A1 >
END
To change entire name,
press the [CANCEL] key.
A B C D ---
Press the [t] key to place the lower
cursor on “END”.
Press the [ENT] key.
Next file memory <
END
Using the example above,
the unit saves the transmit
message to the memory
under file number 1, file
name “A1”.
>
NEXT
To prepare another message;
Press the [ENT] key.
Returns to
normal display.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message M *
Format?
4-16
4.6 Writing Over Files
General
You may write over unnecessary files. Simply prepare a message
and store it under file number of unnecessary file.
Procedure
Example: You want to write over file saved under file number 01.
Watch VHF CH70
Press the [SELECT] key, and press the [7] key,
and press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message M *
Format?
Prepare a message (see page 4-1).
* Ready for filing *
Press the [ENT] key.
Call message <New>
02/59:
Press the [t] key to display “01”.
Call message <
>
01/59: A1
File name
Press the [ENT] key.
Name < A1 >
END
Enter new name,
referring to
previous page.
ABCDEFG……
If you don’t want to change file name,
press the [ENT] key.
* Same file name exists *
Duplicate name?
YES
NO
Press the [ENT] key.
(To wirte over existing file.)
Next file memory <End>
END
NEXT
4-17
4.7 Retrieving, Transmitting Files
Retrieving a file
Watch VHF CH70
(Normal display)
Press the [7 (FILE)] key. / (Enter file no.)
/ Press the [ENT] key.
File name
Call message <
>
/59:
To view contents of message, press the [ENT]
key successively.
* Ready for calling *
• To transmit message:
Press the [CALL] key
• To return to normal display: Press the [CANCEL] key.
Transmitting a file
Watch VHF CH70
(Normal display)
Press the [7 (FILE) ] key. / (Enter file no.)
/ Press the [CALL] key.
* Call in progress *
Returns to normal display.
4-18
(Transmitting)
4.8 Transmit/Receive Message Memory
General
The transmit message memory stores up to 50 transmitted messages (numbered 1 to 50) on a first-in, first-out basis. This means
each time you save a transmitted message it is filed as log no. 1
and the log no. of all previously stored transmit messages changes
by one. When the memory is full the oldest file is deleted.
Retrieving a transmit message
Press the [9 (XMTD)] key at the normal display.
Xmitted log No. <1/50>
Log no. (page number)
: Selects next log no.
Format
(Call type)
Time
transmitted
: Selects previous log no.
To view contents of message, press the
[ENT] key successively.
4-19
Transmitting retrieved message
You can transmit a retrieved message as follows.
Xmitted log No. <1/50>
Select page by the arrow
keys.
Press the [ENT] key.
[Example: Individual message is retrieved.]
AD:
Routine
DUP TP
No infor
Press the [ENT] key.
Press the [t] key.
(To return to previous
menu.)
Channel:
EOS: ACK RQ
Press the [ENT] key.
Call again <
CALL
END
NEXT
>
DEL
Select “CALL”.
Press the [ENT] key.
END: Returns to normal
display.
NEXT: Recalls transmitted
message.
DEL: Deletes transmitted
message from
memory.
Channel?
To change working channel,
press the [SELECT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
INDIVIDUAL CALL CH70
Press the [CALL] key.
4-20
Receive message memory
All received messages are automatically saved to the memory and
filed according to category, DISTRESS or ORDINARY. The receive message memory can store up to 50 messages (numbered
1 to 50) of each category on a first-in, fist-out basis. This means
each time the unit receives a message it saves it as log no.1 and
changes the log no. of all previously received messages by one.
When the memory is full the oldest file is deleted.
Retrieving a receive message
Press the [8 (RCVD)] key at normal display.
Received call <
DISTRESS
>
ORDINARY
DISTRESS: Distress alert
received
ORDINARY: Other than
distress
For example, “ORDINARY” log;
Press the [ENT] key.
Ordinary log No. <1/50>
Log no. (page no.)
: Selects next log no.
Format (*1)
(Call type)
Data received
To view contents of message, press the
[ENT] key successively.
: Selects previous log no.
(*1): If own ship did not
transmit “ACK BQ”
(acknowledge back)
signal a blinking sharp
symbol (#) appears at
head of Format.
4-21
Transmitting retrieved message
You can send the acknowledged call (DIST ACK or ACK BQ)
under certain conditions after retrieving a received message. Refer
to page 3-5 for transmitting the DIST ACK signal.
Example: Transmit acknowledge back (ACK BQ) signal in response
to an individual call (Refer to page 4-5.)
Received call <
DISTRESS
>
ORDINARY
Select “ORDINARY”, then press the [ENT] key.
Ordinary log No. <1/50>
To view contents of message,
press the [ENT] key successively.
Acknowledge call <
ACK
Press the [t] key.
(To return to
previous menu.)
END
NEXT
DEL
Press the [ENT] key.
* Acknolege call *
Telecom1?
>
Select “INDIVIDUAL”
number desired by the
arrow keys.
END: Returns to normal
display.
NEXT: Recalls received
message.
DEL: Deletes received
message from
memory.
To change, press the
[SELECT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
Channel?
To change, press the
[SELECT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
* Ready for calling *
ACK BQ CALL
CH70
Press the [CALL] key to transmit the ACK BQ signal.
NOTE: If the signal transmitted more than five minutes after reception of ACK RQ signal, it is treated as an ACK RQ
signal rather than ACK BQ. Finally the “Wait for ACK
BQ” screen appears.
4-22
5. Other Calling Types and
Other Functions
5.1 Other Calling Types
General
The FM-8500 provides 12 calling types. Of these, individual, all
ships and distress were discussed in previous chapters. This section describes the other types of calls available. The procedure for
preparing and transmitting other calls is the same as that for individual and all ships calls: Select type of call, prepare message and
transmit it by pressing the [CALL] key.
Selection of calling type
Watch VHF CH70
(Normal display)
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Calling
Type
Format?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To select calling type)
Call type <
>
To scroll screen,
place the cursor here and
press the [s] key.
IND TEL ALL R/A R/S DIS
selectable
Press the [s] key.
Call type <
>
GRP GEO POS POL MED NEU
Description of all 12 calling types
appears on the next pages.
5-1
• IND
:Individual call (Refer to page 4-1.)
• TEL
:Telephone call (semi-auto/auto call.
Refer to page 5-4.)
Call a terrestrial network, for example, your
office through a coast station.
• ALL
:All ships call (Refer to page 4-9.)
• R/A and R/S
:Distress relay for All ships and for Selective (Individual) calls (Refer to
page 3-5.)
• DIS
:Distress call (Refer to page 3-1.)
• GRP
:Group call
Call a specific group by entering group ID
number.
• GEO
:Georgraphic area call
Call for ships within a range set by you in
the transmit message (menu). To designate
the range, enter reference point and width
(range) data of both longitude and latitude.
Example: Ocean AD … 34N 135E da10 do5
Range data
34N
Reference
point
34° N
135° E
10° = da
24N
5° = do
135E
140E
Area <
How to enter
the data.
>
NORTH=00°-00° EAST=000°+00°
Enter latitude
(34N).
Press the
[s] key.
5-2
Enter range
(da = 10).
Enter longitude
(135E).
Press the [s]
key twice.
Press the
[s] key.
Enter range
(do = 05).
Press the
[ENT] key.
• POS
:Position request individual call)
Find position of other ship by entering its
ID number.
• POL
:Polling call (individual call)
Confirm that own ship is within communication range with other ship. This provides
only negative response; it does not provide
position information.
• MED
:Medical transport (All ships call)
Inform all ships, by Urgency category,
that own ship carries medical goods.
• NEU
:Neutral craft (All ships call)
Inform all ships, by Urgency or Safety
category, that own ship is not a participant
in an armed conflict.
5-3
5.2 Making Telephone Calls
When the coast station serves PSTN telephone service you can
make Telephone Call via Coast Station.
Basic procedure
1. Selection of Format specifier.
2. Entry of Coast Station ID.
3. Entry of Telephone number.
Detailed procedure
Watch VHF CH70
Coast AD <
auto
7 DIGITS = 00………
Press the [2] key successively
until “auto” appears.
>
Coast Station ID Entry
(example: 1234567)
Press the [ENT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Coast AD: 001234567
Format?
Tel No.?
Previously selected format
appears here.
Press the [SELECT] key.
Format <
IND
TEL
>
ALL
Telephone number
---
Place the cursor on “TEL”.
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF call message *
Format?
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter telephone number
(max. 16 digits)).
DIGITS =
Telephone Number Entry
Press the [ENT] key.
PSTN CALL
* Ready for calling *
Press the [ENT] key.
Coast AD?
Tel No.
Press the [SELECT] key.
(To enter coast station ID.)
5-4
PSTN CALL 001234567
Press the [CALL] key to
transmit message.
(continued on next page)
(from previous page)
PSTN CALL
(*)
Immediately
* Call in progress *
* Waiting for ack BQ *
PSTN CALL CH70
AUTO RETRY in 5 sec
(Transmission time is about 0.4 - 0.6 seconds.)
Counts down.
(*)
If ACK BQ from coast station is not
received within five seconds PSTN
call is automatically retransmitted.
If ACK BQ is received, PSTN
CALL (EOS) signal and carrier are
transmitted (NOTE 1).
* Call in progress *
* Call in progress *
AUTO RETRY
CARRIER
CH70
Working channel designated
by coast station.
* Waiting for ack BQ *
5 sec to go
Transmission time is about
two seconds.
* PSTN CALL connected *
Counts down.
To end call: [CANCEL]
• If ACK BQ is received;
• If ACK BQ is not received;
* No response *
Try again after 15 min
Ringer bell of VHF sounds. Take handset
from VHF hanger and commence voice
communication (see NOTE 2).
Recall after 15 minutes.
(NOTE 1) When you receive “unable to comply” (BUSY) command
instead of “able”, the FM-8500 waits for “Ring back call” from
coast station for 15.5 minutes. Then, if it is received, carrier
is automatically transmitted.
(NOTE 2) If there is no reply (voice response) from subscriber within
one minute at “PSTN CALL connected” display, the
communication line will be disconnected. The display should
look something like the display 2 on the page 5-7.
If you hang the handset on the hanger, the display 1 shown
on the next page appears to break the communication line.
5-5
Operation after making DSC call
Voice communication is started. After completion of communication, the display changes as shown in (1) or (2) below depending
on how voice communication terminated.
(1) When you end voice communication by pressing the [CANCEL] key or hanging the handset on the hanger of the VHF, the
display of the FM-8500 changes as follows.
PSTN CALL
Display 1
Working channel
* Call in progress *
END OF CALL
Transmits “End of call” command.
* Waiting for end call ack *
AUTO RELAY in 2 sec
Counts down.
• If “End call ack” is not received
within two seconds;
• If “End call ack” is
received;
* Call in progress *
AUTO RETRY
* Waiting for end call ack *
2 sec to go
• If “End call ack” is receiver;
• If not received;
* End call not received *
* Received * END OF CALL
No charge information
Charge time:
(No charge time information)
Charge time appears.
5-6
(2) When coast station terminates communication, the display of
the FM-8500 is as follows.
When the “End of call” command from
coast station is received;
* Received * END OF CALL
Display 2
Charge time:
Charge time
appears
NOTE: If a subscriber hangs the handset on the hanger to terminate voice communication, coast station will transmit the
“End of call” command to you to break the communication line.
5.3 Receiving Telephone Call from Coast Station
Watch
* Call in progress *
auto
PSTN CALL
Working
channel
Reply signal is automatically
transmitted after reception.
* Call in progress *
CARRIER
* Call in progress *
PSTN CALL ACK CH70
Tramsmits PSTN CALL (EOS)
signal and carrier.
* PSTN CALL connected *
To end call: [CANCEL]
* Auto ack * ABLE PSTN CALL
Pick up the handset!
Alarm of FM-8500 sounds. Take the
handset from VHF hanger within 60
seconds.
NOTE 1
Commence VHF communication. After
completion of communication, the display
changes as shown above: Display 1 or
Display 2.
NOTE 1: If more than 60 seconds elapses
without taking the handset from
the hanger, call is canceled.
5-7
5.4 Other Station IDs and Telephone Nos.
Registering
You can program often-used station IDs and telephone numbers
under a file name.
Watch VHF CH70
Press the [SELECT] key, and
press the [7] key.
File <
>
MESSAGE
ADDRESS
TEL No.
Address: Other Station ID
(max. 99)
Tel No. : Telephone No.
(max. 50)
Press the [ENT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
Address number <
>
9 DIGITS=
Ship Station: 9 digits
Coast Station: 00 + 7 digits
Group Call:
0 + 8 digits
Enter telephone number.
(max. 16 digits)
Press the [ENT] key three times.
Name <
END
>
A B C D ---
Assign file name by following the
procedure shown on page 4-16. After
assigning file name, place the cursor
on “END” then press the [ENT] key.
Next file memory <
END
>
NEXT
Press the [ENT] key.
Returns to normal display.
5-8
>
DIGITS=
Enter number.
You can receive group
calls having group ID
numbers registered here.
Telephone number <
Press the [ENT] key.
Returns to screen for entry of
other station ID or telephone
number.
Retrieving
You can retrieve a file registered on previous page, and use it with
message which you are currently preparing.
To retrieve a file, press the [7 (FILE) ] key on a display where
the blinking question mark appears.
[Example]
1. Retrieving Other Station ID
2. Retrieving Telephone Number
Individual Call
Telephone Call
Address?
Channel:
Tel No.?
Blinking
Blinking
Press the [7] key.
Press the [7] key.
Address file <
Coast AD
>
Tel <
Ship AD
Display 2
01/50
Select one. (Example: Coast AD)
Select desired telephone file
number with the arrow keys.
Press the [ENT] key.
Coast AD <
>
>
Display 1
01/99:
File No.
Select desired ID number (file
number) with the arrow keys.
Press the [ENT] key.
Press the [ENT] key.
ID number selected is input into the
transmit message.
Telephone number selected is input
into the transmit message.
Note: Each press of the [SELECT] key at display 1 or display 2 alternates file number
and alphabet prefixed file name.
Press the [SELECT] key at display 1.
(Alphabetical order)
A1/ZZ:
File Name
Press the [SELECT] key. / (Numeric order)
5-9
This page is intentionally left blank.
6. Other Settings
6.1 Printer Setup (Auto/Manual)
You can select either automatic or manual printing by following
the procedure shown below. (Factory setting: Auto)
Procedure
Watch VHF CH70
(Normal display)
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set up menu <
>
Setup menu (Main menu)
1 2 3 --Press the [4] key.
(To select Print out menu.)
Print out <
AUTO/MANU
>
EEPROM
Press the [ENT] key after
selecting “AUTO/MANU”.
Print out <
AUTO
>
MANU
AUTO: Automatic printing
MANU: Manual printing
Select either one.
Press the [ENT] key.
Returns to normal display.
Automatic printing
With connection of the optional printer and “AUTO” is selected as
above, all transmitted and received messages will be automatically
printed out when transmitted and received.
6-1
Manual printing
When “Manual” is selected, press the [4 (PRINT)] key to print out
message desired. Note that manual printing is available even when
“AUTO” is selected.
The contents to be printed depend on when the [4] key is pressed,
as shown in the table below.
No.
Printing
Timing of [4] key pressing
Example
Pringout
1
Contents of {VHF call message}
During “VHF call message” display to “Ready
for calling ” display
a
2
Contents of all transmitted logs
{Xmitted log No. <
>}
Displayed [Xmitted log No. < >]
(To stop printing, press the [CANCEL] key.
b
3
Contents of specific log no. (for example,
log no. 1)
{Xmitted log No. <1/50>}
During “[Xmitted…] e Press the [ENT] key.”
display to “EOS” display.
c
Press the [ENT] key.
4
a
Channel?
Call message (again)
Call again
to
CALL END…
Ready for calling
While these
displays
appears
Press the [ENT] key.
5
Contents of all received logs {Ordinary log
(Distress)
No. < >}
Displayed [Ordinary log No. <
>]
(Distress)
(To stop printing, press the [CANCEL] key.)
d
6
Contents of specific log no. (for example,
log no. 1)
{Ordinary log No. <1/50>}
(Distress)
[Ordinary… ] display e Press the [ENT] key.
e
7
* Received *
to
1 Currently received message
While these
displays
appears
ECC: OK
* Received *
Press the [ENT] key.
2 Acknowledge message
Acknowledge call <
“Ready for calling” is displayed.
f
>
8
Contents of currently prepared
{VHF call message M}
During “VHF call message M” display to
“Ready for filing ” diaplay.
g
9
All lists of {saved message} or contents of
all {Address or Tel No.} files.
• Press the [SELECT] key. e
Press the [7] key.
• For example, to print out all coast addresses
in the memory, press the [4] key at display 1
on page 5-9.
h
File <
>
Message Address Tel No.
6-2
Press the [4] key to print out all list of
saved messages.
Example printout
a
Format
Address
Category
Telecom1
Telecom2
Channel
EOS
ECC
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
INDIVIDUAL
000000000
Routine
DUPLEX TP
RES No.18
23
ACK RQ
……
DSC ch
: 70
b
***** Xmitted log *****
Xmt message
12:34
Format
: INDIVIDUAL
Address : 004310000
Category : Routine
Telecom1 : DUPLEX TP
Telecom2 : RES No.18
Channel : 23
EOS
: ACK BQ
DSC ch
c
Xmt message
00:09
: INDIVIDUAL
Format
Address : 004310000
Category : Routine
Telecom1 : DUPLEX TP
Telecom2 : RES No.18
Channel : 23
: ACK RQ
EOS
DSC ch
e
f
e
d
: 70
DSC ch
: 70
Format
Address
Category
Telecom1
Telecom2
Channel
EOS
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
DSC ch
: 70
INDIVIDUAL
431000001
Routine
DUPLEX TP
RES No.18
23
ACK BQ
**** Call message file ****
01: FURUNO
Individual
02: CAPTAIN
All ships
***** Ordinary log *****
Rcv message
02:04
Format
: ALL SHIPS
Category : Safety
Telecom1 : SIMPLEX TP
Telecom2 : RES No.18
Channel : 16
EOS
: EOS
ECC
: OK
DSC ch
Rcv message
00:07
Format
: INDIVIDUAL
Address : 431000001
Category : Routine
Telecom1 : DUPLEX TP
Telecom2 : RES No.18
Channel : 23
EOS
: ACK RQ
ECC
: OK
: 70
: 70
Xmt message
02:03
: INDIVIDUAL
Format
Address : 004310000
Category : Safety
Telecom1 : SIMLEX TP
Telecom2 : RES No.18
Channel : No information
: ACK RQ
EOS
: OK
ECC
g
DSC ch
: 70
Format
Address
Category
Telecom1
Telecom2
Channel
EOS
ECC
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
DSC ch
: 70
INDIVIDUAL
000000000
Routine
DUPLEX TP
RES No.18
23
ACK RQ
OK
6-3
6.2 Turning Keyboard Click ON/OFF
You can turn keyboard click (response) on or off as follows:
Watch VHF CH70
auto
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set up menu <
>
1 2 3 4 6 7 9 ALM
Press the [6] key.
Keyboard click <
>
ON
OFF
Select ON or OFF and press
the [ENT] key.
Normal display appears.
6-4
6.3 Aural Alarm Setup
The aural alarm which sounds when messages other than distress
and urgency are received may be turned on or off and the distress
alarm tone may be selected.
Procedure
Watch VHF CH70
auto
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set up menu <
>
1 2 3 4 6 7 9 ALM
Press the [ALARM STOP] key and then
press the [ENT] key.
To turn the aural on or off, select
ON/OFF. To select alarm tone,
select TYPE.
Alarm
ON/OFF
TYPE
Press the [ENT] key.
Ordinary alarm <
ON
>
OFF
Select ON or OFF and
press the [ENT] key.
Normal display appears.
Press the [ENT] key.
Distress alarm type <
>
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Select desired alarm tone and
press the [ENT] key.
Normal display appears.
6-5
This page is intentionally left blank.
7. System Confirmation
Overview
This chapter shows how to confirm the system; no items can be
changed.
7.1 Confirming Own Ship’s ID
Own Ship’s ID can be confirmed as follows:
Procedure
Watch VHF CH70
auto
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set up menu
1 2 3 4
6 7
9
ALM
Press the [9] key, or the [s] key seven times and the [ENT] key.
System <
>
Screen 1
V P ID DSC RT CH PO
Select “ID” and press the [ENT] key.
* Own indentificaion No. *
protected MMSI: 123456789
Own ship’s ID
To escape, press the [CANCEL] key three times.
7-1
7.2 Confirming ROM Version
You can see ROM Version (as registered in the memory) as follows:
Procedure
At screen 1 previous page, select “V” and press the [ENT] key.
ROM version
RT:1.06
DSC:1.10
To escape, press the [CANCEL] key three times.
RT is the VHF section’s ROM version.
DSC is the section’s ROM version.
7-2
7.3 Confirming VHF Section Settings
You can confirm VHF section settings as follows:
If you want to change VHF section settings, contact FURUNO
agent or dealer for service.
Procedure
RT 1-Mode: USA/WX PRIV
protected
Press the [CANCEL] key
to go to previous display.
ON
OFF
Select USA/PRIV mode in the
VHF channel mode.
Press the [ENT] key.
RT 2-Hookworking: CH16 SP
protected
ON ON
In on-hook status, CH16 and
speaker status appear.
CH16: ON>Automatically switches to CH16
when handset is on hook.
SP: ON>Handset is off hook: SP is OFF.
Handset is on hook: SP is ON.
Press the [ENT] key.
RT 3-Time out timer: off
protected
Time-out timer status (ON/
OFF) appears.
Press the [ENT] key.
RT 4-Tx AF monitor: OFF
protected
ON: Monitor Tx AF signal
from RB-700, Wing HS, HS
and DSC.
Press the [ENT] key.
Automatic TX power
reduction status (ON/
OFF) appears.
RT 5-Auto 1W: ON
protected
Press the [ENT] key.
RT 6-Scanning: DW SCAN
protected
OFF OFF
Dual watch and scanning
status is displayed.
Press the [ENT] key.
RT 7-AutoSQ: LOW HIGH HOLD
protected
00
03
30
Auto squelch status is
shown.
To escape, press the [ENT] key and then press the [CANCEL]
key twice or to see VHF channels, press the [ENT] key twice.
At screen 1 on page 7-1, select “RT” and press the [ENT] key.
7-3
7.4 Confirming VHF Channels
You can confirm VHF channels registered as follows:
Procedure
At screen 1, select “CH” and press the [ENT] key.
INTL CH: 016-Tx SIMP HI
protected sel[MODE]/[CH]
Press the [CANNEL] key to select channel mode.
USA CH: 16-Tx SIMP LOW
protected sel[MODE]/[CH]
Rotate the [CHANNEL] key control to view channels.
USA CH: 16-Tx SIMP LOW
protected sel[MODE]/[CH]
Do one of the following:
Continue channel confirmation: Operate the [CHANNEL] key.
Escape: Press the [CANCEL] key.
Confirm Tx power: Press the [ENT] key twice.
VHF channel status
Tx : Tx/Rx
SIMP
(Simplex)
HI
(25W)
Rx : Rx only
DUP
(Duplex)
LOW
(1W)
Unable : Channel not used
7-4
7.5 Confirming Tx Output Power
The Tx output power on three VHF bands (low, CH60; med, CH14,
high, CH88) can be confirmed as shown below. Tx output power
on private mode channels can also be confirmed if applicable.
Procedure
At screen 1 on page 7-1, select “PO” and press the [ENT] key.
To escape, press the [CANCEL] key three times. The normal display appears.
Tx power:
Protected
CH60 CH40 CH88
753
748
747
Press the [HI/LOW] key
to see low Tx output power.
Tx power:
Protected
CH60 CH14 CH88
103
105
Power settings
103
To view other channel modes,
press the [CHANNEL] key.
Appears when private
channels are registered.
Tx power:
Priv01/CH123
Protected HI:753 LOW:108
Tx output power settings
on private channels can be
confirmed by rotating the
[CHANNEL] key.
To escape, press the [CANCEL] key three times. The normal display
appears.
7-5
This page is intentionally left blank.
8. Maintenance & Troubleshooting
8.1 Maintenance
WARNING
Do not work inside the
equipment unless totally
familiar with electrical
circuits.
Hazardous voltage which can
cause electrical shock, burn or
serious injury exists inside the
equipment.
Antenna connectors
1. Check that each connector is firmly connected.
2. Clean corroded or soiled connectors.
3. Check coaxial cable for damage. If damaged, replace.
4. Check that bolts fixing the antenna are firmly tightened.
8.2 Troubleshooting
When the power cannot be turned on
1. Check if power plug is firmly connected.
2. Check breaker at the rear of the equipment. If it has tripped,
push it in to reset.
3. If power cannot be turned on, contact a FURUNO agent or representative.
8-1
8.3 Diagnostic Test
Regulations require that the DSC section be checked daily for proper
operation.
Procedure
Select a channel not in use and press and hold down the PTT switch
of the handset for more than one second before starting self test.
Watch VHF CH70
Normal display
auto
Press the [3 (TEST)] key.
* Text in progress *
Appears during testing
please wait!
Several seconds later
* Completed * Daily test
VHF DSC: GOOD
End diagnostic test
When you didn't press the PTT switch
before diagnostic test, "except VSWR"
is displayed.
Distress alarm sounds and red LED near the [DISTRESS] key lights.
Press [ALARM STOP] to silence the aural alarm.
For "GOOD', press [CANCEL] key
to return to the normal dispay.
For "NG" (No Good), press the [ENT] key to find reason for NG.
(continued on next page)
8-2
(from previous page)
Press [ENT] to view results of test.
TRANSMIT POWER : NG
= P.A. of transmission section
error or Antenna
TX PCB(PLL LOCK) : NG
= PLL(U5) error on the Tx PCB
CONTROL PCB : NG
= MODEM(U29) error on the Control PCB
or
CH70 Rx PCB: NG
= VHF RX/CH70 RX PCB error
Check end: [CANCEL] key
Press the [t] key. To escape, press the [CANCEL] key.
If NG appears, have a technician replace corresponding p.c. board.
NOTE:Do not open the equipment at any time. Electrical shock hazard exists
inside the equipment. Contact FURUNO agent or dealer for service.
8-3
This page is intentionally left blank.
9. Specifications
General
Channel Programs:
INTL Channel:
USA Channel:
WX Channel:
PRIV Channel:
55
55
10
20 (authorization required)
Oscillator:
PLL synthesizer
Communication System:
Semi-duplex & Simplex
Class of Emission:
G3E, G2B
Antenna Impedance:
50 Ω
Dimensions and Mass:
258 (W) X 108 (H) X 230 (D) mm, 5kg
Temperature:
-20˚C to 55˚C
Relative Humidity:
93% at +40˚C;
Waterproofing:
Panel:
IEC529 IPX4
Chassis: IEC529 IPX2
Power Supply:
24 VDC -10% ~ +30%
Transmit: 150 W
Receive: 10 W
Color:
Panel: Munsell N3.0
Chassis: Munsell 2.5GY 5/1.5
Transmitter
Frequency Range:
155.00 to 161.475 MHz
RF Output Power:
25W (HI), 1W (LOW)
Modulation AF Response:
Within +1/-3 of 6dB/oct pre-emphasis characteristics at
300 to 3000 Hz
Frequency Deviation:
±5 kHz max.
Spurious Emission:
Less than 0.25 µW
Modulation System:
Reactance Type
9-1
Receiver
Frequency Range:
155.000 to 166.075 MHz
Receiving System:
Double-Conversion Superheterodyne
Intermediate Frequency:
First IF: 21.4 MHz
Second IF: 455 kHz
Sensitivity:
-8dBmV at SINAD 12 dB
Adjacent Channel Selectivity:
70 dB min.
Spurious Response Rejection:
70 dB min.
Audio Output:
Internal Speaker:3W min. (8ohms)
Handset:
2mW min. (200ohms)
DSC Section
Protocol:
Complies with ITU-R Rec. M.493-9 (ClassA), M.541-8
and M.689-2
Modulation Rate:
1200 baud –30 p.p.m. max.
Modulation:
AFSK
Modulation Frequency:
Mark: 1300 Hz –10 Hz max.
Spece: 2100 Hz –10 Hz max.
Nav. Equipment Interface:
IEC61162-1 (NMEA0183 Ver. 2.00)
CH70 Receiver Sensitivity:
Symbol Error Rate 10-2, input -3dBmV
9-2
10. Menu List
Press the [ENT] key.
(p. 10-2)
Watch VHF CH70
Press the [8 (RCVD)] key.
(p. 10-3)
Press the [SELECT] key.
Set Up menu <
Press the [9 (XMTD)] key.
(p. 10-3)
>
(Set up menu)
1 2 3 --- ALM
1
(Latitude/Longitude/UTC)
(p. 3-4)
2
ABLE
COMPLY STATUS
(Proposal from
(p. 4-5) other station is
acceptable or not.)
UNABLE
4
PRINT OUT
AUTO/MENU
NOR/BSY/DSA/CH/MOD
(Reason why unable to comply)
AUTO (Automatic printing)
MENU (Manual printing)
(p. 6-1)
EEPROM (Contens of EEPROM)
6
SOUND
KEY-CLICK
OFF
(p. 6-4)
7
ON
FILE
MESSAGE (Storing message. Max. 59)
ADDRESS (Storing other station ID. Max. 99)
(p. 4-15)
(p. 5-8)
TEL No. (Storing telephone number. Max. 50)
9
SYSTEM
V (Confirmation of ROM version number)
P (Protection of data)
(p. 7-1)
ID (Own ship ID)
DSC
RT
CH
PO
ALM
(p. 6-5)
ALARM
(Receive alarm)
ON/OFF
Threse settings can not
be changed once
registered by Installing
technician.
ON
OFF
TYPE
0/ 1 /2…/9 (Distress and urgent
alarm tones)
Default settings shown
in highlight.
10-1
• Normal display
Press the [ENT] key.
* VHF Call mesage *
(Preparing transmit message)
Format ?
FORMAT
INDIVIDUAL
ADDRESS
CATEGORY
TELEPHONE
(DIALPHONE)
COAST ADDR
TEL NO.
ALL SHIPS
CATEGORY
TELECOM
TELECOM
WORKING CH
WORKING CH
R/A (DISTRESS RELAY…ALL SHIPS)
DIST SHIP ID
R/S (DISTRESS RELAY…INDIVIDUAL)
COAST ADDR
N. OF DIST
POS & TIME
DISTRESS
NATURE OF DISTRESS
POSITION & TIME
GROUP
GROUP ADDR
CATEGORY
TELECOM
WORKING CH
CATEGORY
TELECOM
WORKING CH
CATEGORY
TELECOM (POSITON)
GEOGRAPHIC AREA
OCEAN ADDR
POSITION REQUEST
ADDR
(Normally ROUTINE)
POLLING
ADDR
CATEGORY
TELECOM (POLLING)
(Normally ROUTINE)
MEDICAL TRANSPORT
TELECOM
WORKING CH
NEURAL CRAFT
CATEGORY
WORKING CH
10-2
• Normal display
Press the [8 (RCVD)] key.
Received call <
DISTRESS
>
(Viewing contents of receive message)
ORDINARY
ORDINARY
LOG No.
(1 - 50)
DISTRESS
LOG No.
(1 - 50)
INDIVIDUAL
ACK
SEMI-AUTO/
AUTO
(DIALPHONE)
ACK
NEXT
DEL
ALL SHIPS
GROUP
GEOGRAPH
END
NEXT
DEL
TELECOM
WORKING CH
DIST ACK
RELAY
END
NEXT
DEL
• Normal display
Press the [9 (XMTD)] key.
Xmitted log No. <
XMITTED
LOG No.
(1 - 50)
>
CALL
END
NEXT
DEL
(Viewing contents of transmit message)
WORKING CH
10-3
This page is intentionally left blank.
APPENDIX 3
Digital Interface (IEC 61162-1 Edition 2)
Input sentences
GGA, GLL, RMA, RMC, ZDA
Schematic diagram
NMEA
05P0616
05P0620
J11
J6
RD-A
RD-B
F.GND
1
2
3
4
5
C35
C36
J5
1
1
21
22
23
24
25
21
22
23
24
25
30
30
1000p 1000p
U21
R103
560
6
1
CR1
3
1SS190
TLP121-GB
4
Load requirements as listner
Isolation
Optocoupler
Input impedance
560 ohms
Max. Voltage
± 15V
Threshold
4 mA
AP-3
GGA - Global positioning system (GPS) fix data
$--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx*hh<CR><LF>
|
| |
|
| | | | | | | | |
| |
|
| |
|
| | | | | | | | |
| +-- 11
|
| |
|
| | | | | | | | | +---- 10
|
| |
|
| | | | | | | | +--------- 9
|
| |
|
| | | | | | +---+------------ 8
|
| |
|
| | | | +---+------------------ 7
|
| |
|
| | | +------------------------- 6
|
| |
|
| | +---------------------------- 5
|
| |
|
| +------------------------------- 4
|
| |
+----+--------------------------------- 3
|
+---+--------------------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC of position
2. Latitude, N/S
3. Longitude, E/W
4. GPS quality indicator (see note)
5. Number of satllite in use,00-12, may be different from the number in view
6. Horizontal dilution of precision
7. Antenna altitude above/below mean sealevel, m
8. Geoidal separation, m
9. Age of differential GPS data
10. Differential reference station ID, 0000-1023
11. Checksum
NOTE
0 = fix not available or invalid
1 = GPS SPS mode, fix valid
2 = differential GPS, SPS mode, fix valid
3 = GPS PPS mode, fix valid
4 = Real Time Kinetic. Satellite system used in RTK mode with fixed integers
5 = Float RTK. Satellite system used in RTK mode with floating fingers
6 = Estimated (dead reckoning) mode
7 = Manual input mode
8 = Simulator mode
The GPS quality indicator shall not be a null field.
AP-4
GLL - Geographic position - latitude and longitude
$--GLL,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,a,hhmmss.ss,A,a*hh<CR><LF>
| |
|
|
|
| | |
| |
|
|
|
| | +------- 6
| |
|
|
|
| +--------- 5
| |
|
|
|
+----------- 4
| |
|
|
+---------------- 3
| |
+------+----------------------- 2
+---+----------------------------------- 1
1. Latitude, N/S
2. Longitude, E/W
3. UTC of position
4. Status: A=data valid, V=data invalid
5. Mode indicator(see note)
6. Checksum
NOTE Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = Estimated (dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The Mode indicator field supplements the Status field. The Status field shall be
set to V=invalid for all values of Operating Mode except for A=Autonomous and
D=Differential. The positioning system Mode indicator and Status field shall not
be null fields.
AP-5
RMA - Recommended minimum navigation information - Loran C data
$--RMA,A,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,a,a*hh<CR><LF>
| | |
|
| | | | | | | | |
| | |
|
| | | | | | | | +------- 10
| | |
|
| | | | | | | +--------- 9
| | |
|
| | | | | +---+----------- 8
| | |
|
| | | | +------------------ 7
| | |
|
| | | +---------------------- 6
| | |
|
| | +-------------------------- 5
| | |
|
| +------------------------------ 4
| | |
+----+--------------------------------- 3
| +---+-------------------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. Status: A=data valid, V=blink, cycle or SNR warning
2. Latitude, degrees N/S
3. Longitude, degrees E/W
4. Time difference A, microseconds
5. Time difference B, microseconds
6. Speed over ground, knots
7. Course over ground, degrees true
8. Magnetic variation(see note 1),degree E/W
9. Mode indicator(see note 2)
10. Checksum
NOTE 1 - Easterly variation(E) subtracts from true course
Westerly variation(W) adds to true course
NOTE 2 Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = Estimated (dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The Mode indicator field supplements the Status field. The Status field
shall be set to V=invalid for all values of Operating Mode except for
A=Autonomous and D=Differential. The positioning system Mode indicator
and Status field shall not be null fields.
AP-6
RMC - Recommended minimum specific GPS/TRANSIT data
$--RMC,hhmmss.ss,A,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,a,x.x,x.x,xxxxxx,x.x,a,a*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | |
|
| | |
|
| | | |
|
| | |
|
| | |
|
| | | +--- 10
|
| | |
|
| | |
|
| | +----- 9
|
| | |
|
| | |
|
+--+------- 8
|
| | |
|
| | |
+--------------- 7
|
| | |
|
| | +--------------------- 6
|
| | |
|
| +------------------------- 5
|
| | |
+---+---------------------------- 4
|
| +---+---------------------------------------- 3
|
+--------------------------------------------------- 2
+---------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC of position fix
2. Status: A=data valid, V=navigation receiver warning
3. Latitude, N/S
4. Longitude, E/W
5. Speed over ground, knots
6. Course over ground, degrees true
7. Date: dd/mm/yy
8. magnetic variation, degrees E/W
9. Mode indicator(see note)
10. Checksum
NOTE Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = Estimated (dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The Mode indicator field supplements the Status field. The Status field
shall be set to V=invalid for all values of Operating Mode except for
A=Autonomous and D=Differential. The positioning system Mode indicator
and Status field shall not be null fields.
ZDA-Data and time
$--ZDA,hhmmss.ss,xx,xx,xxxx,xx,xx*hh<CR><LF>
|
| |
| | | |
|
| |
| | | +--------- 7
|
| |
| | +----------- 6
|
| |
| +-------------- 5
|
| | +------------------ 4
|
| +---------------------- 3
|
+------------------------- 2
+--------------------------------- 1
1. UTC
2. Day, 01 to 31(UTC)
3. Month, 01 to 12(UTC)
4. Year(UTC)
5. Local zone hours, 00h to +-13h
6. Local zone minutes, 00 to +59
as local hours
7. Checksum
AP-7
INDEX
A
Q
arrow key .............................................. 2-5
QUEUE INDICATION......................... 4-4
Automatic acknowledge ....................... 1-5
R
2-8
ROU ...................................................... 2-1
AUTO squelch ...................................... 1-3
U
C
USA ...................................................... 1-2
Calling Types ........................................ 5-1
V
Comply status ....................................... 4-5
VHF transceiver .................................... v
10-1
D
DIS ........................................................ 2-1
F
Front panel ............................................ 1-1
I
ID number ............................................. 2-1
INTL ..................................................... 1-2
M
MAYDAY ............................................. 3-3
N
Nature of distress .................................. 3-2
O
ON hook ............................................... 4-12
P
Power settings ....................................... 7-5
PRIV ..................................................... 1-2
PSTN call .............................................. 5-4
VSWR ................................................... 8-2