Furuno FMD-8010 Radar Detector User Manual

RADAR REMOTE DISPLAY
MODEL
FMD-8010
SAFETY INFORMATION
"DANGER", "WARNING" and "CAUTION" notices appear throughout this manual. It is the responsibility of the operator of the equipment to read, understand and follow these notices. If
you have any questions regarding these safety instructions, please contact a FURUNO agent or
dealer.
DANGER
This notice indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING
This notice indicates a potentially
hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.
DANGER
CAUTION
This notice indicates an unsafe
practice which, if not avoided,
could result in minor or moderate
injury, or property damage.
i
i
DANGER
This equipment uses high
voltage electricity which
can shock, burn or cause
death.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
enclosures.
WARNING
Turn off the power at the mains
switchboard if metallic object or
liquid falls into the equipment.
Continued use can result in electrical
shock or fire.
Use the correct fuse.
Do not diassemble or modify the
equipment.
Use of the wrong fuse can cause
fire or electrical shock.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury
can result.
Ensure no water splash or rain
leaks into the equipment.
Water in the equipment can result in
fire or electrical shock.
CAUTION
Immediately turn off the power whenever you feel the equipment is
abnormal.
Continued use can cause equipment
damage.
ii
Turn off the power at the mains
switchboard if the unit is emitting
smoke or fire.
Continued use can result in fire or
electrical shock.
Do not place liquid-filled containers
on the top of the equipment.
Fire or electrical shock can result if
a liquid leaks into the equipment.
Keep magnets and magnetic
fields (speaker, transformer, etc.)
way from the equipment.
Keep heaters away from the
equipment.
Magnets and magnetic fields can cause
equipment malfunction.
Heat can melt the power cord, which
can result in fire or electrical shock.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ....................................................................................................................................... v
CONFIGURATION OF FMD-8010 ................................................................................................... vi
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................vii
EQUIPMENT LISTS ...................................................................................................................... viii
Chapter 1 OPERATION
Control Description ......................................................................................................................... 1-1
Display Indications .......................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.1 Turning the Power On/Off ......................................................................................................... 1-4
1.2 Displaying Picture/Stand-by ...................................................................................................... 1-4
1.3 Selecting Range ......................................................................................................................... 1-4
1.4 Presentation Mode ..................................................................................................................... 1-5
1.5 Menu Overview ......................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.6 Adjusting Sensitivity................................................................................................................ 1-10
1.7 Adjusting Picture Brilliance ..................................................................................................... 1-10
1.8 Adjusting Brilliance of Control Panel and Markers................................................................. 1-10
1.9 Adjusting Range Ring Brilliance ............................................................................................. 1-10
1.10 Suppressing Sea Clutter .......................................................................................................... 1-11
1.11 Suppressing Rain Clutter ........................................................................................................ 1-11
1.12 The Heading and North Markers ........................................................................................... 1-12
1.13 Measuring the Range ............................................................................................................. 1-12
1.14 Measuring Bearing ................................................................................................................ 1-13
1.15 Collision Assessment by the Offset EBL ............................................................................... 1-13
1.16 Measuring Range and Bearing Between Two Targets ........................................................... 1-14
1.17 Index Lines ............................................................................................................................ 1-14
1.18 Off-centering the Picture ....................................................................................................... 1-15
1.19 Zoom ...................................................................................................................................... 1-15
1.20 Inscribing Marks on the Display ............................................................................................ 1-15
1.21 The FUNCTION key ............................................................................................................. 1-16
1.22 Own Ship Speed .................................................................................................................... 1-17
1.23 Ship’s Graphic ....................................................................................................................... 1-17
1.24 Interference Rejector ............................................................................................................. 1-17
1.25 Echo Trails ............................................................................................................................. 1-18
1.26 Electronic Plotting (E-plot) .................................................................................................... 1-19
1.27 Setting a Guard Alarm Zone .................................................................................................. 1-21
1.28 Watch Alarm .......................................................................................................................... 1-23
1.29 Echo Average ......................................................................................................................... 1-23
1.30 Suppressing Second-Trace Echoes ........................................................................................ 1-24
1.31 Echo Stretch ........................................................................................................................... 1-24
1.32 Noise Rejection ...................................................................................................................... 1-25
1.33 Waypoint Display .................................................................................................................. 1-25
1.34 Outputting Cursor Position (TLL data) ................................................................................. 1-25
1.35 Selecting Unit of Range Measurement, Bearing Reference .................................................. 1-26
1.36 Alarm Output Signal On/Off ................................................................................................. 1-26
iii
Chapter 2 MAINTENANCE
2.1 Periodic Maintenance Schedule ................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2 Diagnostic Test ......................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.3 Replacing the Fuse..................................................................................................................... 2-2
Chapter 3 INSTALLATION
3.1 Mounting the Display Unit ........................................................................................................
3.2 Wiring ........................................................................................................................................
3.3 External signal Input/Output......................................................................................................
3.4 Changing Power specifications..................................................................................................
3.5 Adjustment .................................................................................................................................
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-8
3-8
OUTLINE DRAWING ....................................................................................................................D-1
INTERCONNECTION DIAGRAM ............................................................................................... S-1
iv
FOREWORD
Features
The FMD-8010 has a large variety of functions, all contained in a rugged case.
A Word to FMD-8010 Owners
FURUNO Electric Company thanks you for
purchasing the FMD-8010 Remote Display.
We are confident you will discover why the
FURUNO name has become synonymous
with quality and reliability.
For over 40 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
quality and reliability throughout the world.
This dedication to excellence is furthered by
our extensive global network of agents and
dealers.
Your remote display is designed and constructed to meet the rigorous demands of the
marine environment. However, no machine
can perform its intended function unless properly installed and maintained. Please carefully
read and follow the installation and maintenance procedures set forth in this manual.
We would appreciate feedback from you, the
end-user, about whether we are achieving our
purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing
FURUNO.
All controls respond immediately to the
operator’s command and each time a key is
pressed, the corresponding change can be seen
on the screen immediately.
• High definition 12-inch raster-scan display.
• Eight levels of target quantization for high
target definition.
• On-screen alphanumeric readout of all operational information including ship’s position and speed.
• Unique function key automatically sets up
for optimum performance with environments and targets.
• Automatic suppression of sea and rain clutter.
• Echo trails to assess targets’ speeds and
courses.
• Presentation modes: Head-up, Course-up,
North-up and True Motion.
• Aural alarm alerts when targets enter (or
exit) an area.
• Floating EBL provides measurements of
range and bearing between two targets.
• Waypoint data from external navigator.
• Dual VRMs and EBLs.
v
CONFIGURATION OF FMD-8010
MAIN RADAR
FMD-8010
NMEA 0183* (In/Out)
NAV
Video Sounder
NMEA 0183* (In)
Log
Fluxgate Heading
Sensor C-2000
Gyro
External Alarm
Buzzar OP03-21
Gyro Converter
AD-100
Auto Plotter
ARP-15
(Built-in)
Video Plotter
RP-15
*Equivalent to IEC1162
(Built-in)
Rectifier
RU-1746B-2
Option
15 m
12/24-32 VDC
vi
115/230 VAC
SPECIFICATIONS
Display Unit
Picture tube
12-inch rectangular green phosphor CRT, 640(H) x 481(V) dots
Effective display diameter 180 mm
Range (nm), Range ring interval (nm), Number of range rings
Range (nm)
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1.5
3
6
12
24
48
72
96
Ring intvl (nm)
0.025
0.05
0.1
0.25
0.25
0.5
1
4
4
8
12
16
5
5
5
3
3
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
No. of rings
† Can be set to 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 nm when interfaced with video plotter.
Environmental Conditions
Standards
IEC 945
Ambient temperature
Antenna unit: -25°C to +70°C
Display unit: -15°C to +55°C
Humidity
Relative humidity 95% at +40°C
Power Supply and Power Consumption
12 V, 24 V, 32 VDC, or
100 V, 110 V, 115 V, 220 V, 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 1ø (rectifier required),
75 W
Others
Nav Data Input/Output
Input (IEC 1162*) - - GP, LC, or any talker
BWC, DTP, GLL, GLC, HDG, MDA, RMA, RMB, RMC, VTG, DBK,
DBS, DBT, GTD, HDM, HDT, MTW, BWR, VHW, ZDA
AD-100 format heading data
Output (IEC 1162) TLL, RSD, and TTM (w/ARP)
*:IEC 1162 is equivalent to NMEA0183, V2.0
Coating color
Display unit housing: 2.5GY5/1.5 (light gray)
Panel: N3.0 (black)
Standard compass : 1.3 m
Steering compass : 1.0 m
Compass safe distance
vii
EQUIPMENT LISTS
Standard Set
No. Name
Type
Qty
Remarks
1
Remote display unit
RDP-112M-E
1
2
Accessories
FP03-05310
1 set Viewing hood and filter
3
Installation materials
CP03-15101
1 set
4
Signal cable
S03-22-†
1 set †: 5 , 10, 15 m selectable
5
Spare parts
SP03-11901
1 set
Optional Equipment
No. Name
1
Rectifier unit
Type
Code No.
Remarks
RU-1746B-2
000-030-439
115 VAC
000-030-440
230 VAC
2
Power cable
CVV-S 8 x 2C 15m
000-560-634
3
Color display
CD-141
000-000-508
4
Remote display
FMD-1800
5
Video plotter
GD-500/500 Mark 2
6
External buzzer
OP03-21
000-030-097
7
Vinyl cover
03-034-0401
000-801-657
8
Auto plotter
ARP-15
9
Video plotter
RP-15
10
EMI filter
FP03-05500
008-456-990
11
Hood w/lens
OP03-120
008-441-880
12
AD converter
AD-100
Spare Parts
No. Name
viii
Type
Code No.
Qty
Remarks
1
Fuse
FGBO 10 A 125 VAC 000-549-065
2
24 V/32 V
2
Fuse
FGBO 20 A 125 VAC 000-549-015
2
12 V
Chapter 1
OPERATION
Control Description
GAIN
POWER
Turns power on.
Press together to turn
power off.
Toggles between
stand-by and display.
HM OFF (PUSH)
OFF
GAIN: Adjusts receiver sensitivity.
Press to erase heading marker;
enable manual tuning of the receiver.
A/C SEA
ST BY
TX
A/C AUTO (PUSH)
A/C SEA: Suppresses sea clutter.
Press for AUTO Anti-clutter Sea
and Rain.
A/C RAIN
Presentation mode
MODE
MARK (PUSH)
A/C RAIN: Suppresses rain clutter.
Press to inscribe a reference mark (*).
BRILL
Sets up for
required objective.
FUNCTION
RINGS (PUSH)
RANGE
BRILL: Adjusts display brilliance.
Press to turn range rings on/off
and adjust their brilliance.
Selects range.
Silences aural
alarms (except guard alarm).
AUDIO
OFF
GUARD
ALARM
Short press: Offcenter
Long press: Zoom-in
SHIFT
ZOOM
ECHO
TRAIL
Each press processes index lines;
linked with EBL2/VRM2 / fixed / OFF.
INDEX
LINE
CURSOR
OFFSET
OFF
ON
Selects EBL to activate.
ON
Selects VRM to activate.
Turns an EBL off.
Sets/cancels guard
alarm zone; silences guard
zone alarm.
Target trails ON/OFF.
Each press processes offset EBL;
linked with cursor / fixed / OFF.
EBL 1/2
Turns a VRM off.
OFF
VRM 1/2
Registers data on menu;
selects menu item.
Selects plotting
symbol.
EBL
Rotates EBL;
selects items
on menu.
ENTER
SELECT
MENU
PLOT
SYMBOL
CLEAR
DELETE
Opens/closes menu.
Clears wrong data; deletes
plot symbols and marks.
VRM
(TLL)
Adjusts VRM; outputs
cursor position (TL/L)
to external equipment;
selects items on
menu.
TRACKBALL
Shifts cursor and
No.1 EBL origin.
Figure 1-1 Control description
1–1
Display Indications
Heading (gyro or
magnetic)
Speed
(MANUAL, LOG or NAV)
HDG 123.4°
Range
Range ring interval
ZOOM (or SHIFT)
Presentation mode
SPEED
MANUAL
0.25 NM
30.0kt
Echo trail (TRU/REL)
TRU TRAIL
30M
GUARD1
GUARD2
IN
00:45
0.05
ZOOM
HU
Elapsed time, trail interval
Guard zone 1 (active alarm
is circumscribed)
Guard zone 2
IN (guard zone type), SET
(set alarm), or
ACK (alarm temporarily
deactivated)
Heading marker
No.2 EBL
Guard zone
area
Waypoint marker
Range rings
No.1 EBL
Cursor
No.1 VRM
No.2 VRM
Auto clutter suppression
Function in use
(F3, Long range
Echo Stretch)
No.1 EBL bearing
(readout of active EBL
is circumscribed)
A/C
F3
L-ES
345.6°R
23.0°R
29:59
EBL
+
105.0°R 00.74nm
NR
IR2
ES1
EAV1
0.080nm
VRM
0.220nm
TTG 12:34
No.2 EBL bearing
No.2 VRM range
Watch alarm
elapsed time
Cursor
bearing
Cursor
range
Figure 1-2 Display indications
1–2
Noise Rejection
Interference Rejection
Echo Stretch
Echo Averaging
No.1 VRM range
(readout of active VRM is
circumscribed)
Time-to-go
Normal + PLOT
Select PLOT on
DISP DATA menu..
A/C
F3
L-ES
18.0°T
290.0°R
99:99
EBL
TRUE VECTOR
30MIN
TIME 01:28
93.7°R 13.82nm
332.7°T
RNG
12.5nm
CPA
8.89nm
BRG
NR
IR2
ES3
EAV1
1.829nm
VRM
10.87nm
TTG 12:34
COURSE 198.5°T
SPEED
92.8kt
TCPA
05:11
PLOT Data
Normal + NAV
Select NAV on
DISP DATA menu.
A/C
F3
L-ES
18.0°T
EBL
290.0°R
OWN 34° 39.46N
SHIP
135° 23.08E
COURSE 216.1°
DATE APR. 08 20:31
99:99
(GPS)
93.7°R
13.82nm
34°39.46N
135°23.08E
TTG 12:35
NR
IR2
ES3
EAV1
1.829nm
VRM
10.87nm
WAY
321.6°
POINT
18.23nm
TTG 35:42
DEPTH 265.2m
TEMP 23.5°C
NAV Data
(Requires position,
depth and water
temperature data.)
NORMAL + NAV + PLOT
Select ALL on DISP
DATA menu.
A/C
F3
L-ES
18.0°T
EBL
290.0°R
OWN 34° 39.46N
SHIP
135° 23.08E
COURSE 216.1°
DATE APR. 08 20:31
99:99
(GPS)
TRUE VECTOR
30MIN
TIME 01:28
93.7°R
13.82nm
34°39.46N
135°23.08E
TTG 12:35
BRG 332.7°T
RNG
12.5nm
CPA
8.89nm
NR
IR2
ES3
EAV1
1.829nm
VRM
10.87nm
WAY 321.6°
POINT
18.23nm
TTG 35:42
DEPTH 265.2m
TEMP 23.5°C
NAV Data
COURSE 198.5°T
SPEED
TCPA
92.8kt
05:11
PLOT Data
Figure 1-3 Display indications (lower part)
1–3
1.1 Turning the Power On/Off
1.3 Selecting Range
Turning on
The range selected automatically determines the
range ring interval and the number of range rings,
for optimal detection capability in short to long
ranges.
Press the POWER key. The control panel lights
and a beep sounds.
Turning off
Press POWER and ST-BY/TX keys together.
Range
Range
Range ring
interval
0.75NM
0.25
Range
rings
1.2 Displaying Picture /
Stand-by
Displaying picture
Figure 1-4 Location of range,
range ring interval
After the power is turned on, ST-BY(Stand-By)
appears at the screen center.
Press the ST-BY/TX key to display echoes. This
unit displays echoes in eight intensities according to echo strength.
Note: "BRG SIG MISSING" may momentarily
appear when the ST-BY/TX key is pressed just
after the display of ST-BY at power-up. This is
normal.
Stand-by
When you won’t be using the display monitor
for an extended period, but you want to keep it in
a state of readiness, place it in stand-by by pressing the ST BY/TX key. The display shows ST-BY.
Video lockup recovery
Video lockup or picture freeze, can occur unexpectedly on digital rasterscan radars. This is
mainly caused by heavy spike noise in the
power line, and can be noticed by carefully
watching the nearly invisible sweep line. If you
suspect that the picture is not updated every
scan of the antenna or no key entry is accepted
notwithstanding the apparently normal picture,
turn the power off and on.
1–4
Procedure
Press the RANGE key at + or –. The range, range
ring interval appears at the top left corner of the
display.
1.4 Presentation Mode
Selecting presentation mode
This display monitor has the following presentation modes:
Each time the MODE key is pressed, the presentation mode and mode indication at the upperleft corner of the screen change cyclically.
Relative Motion (RM)
Head-up:
Unstabilized
Course-up: Compass-stabilized relative to
ship’s intended course
North-up: Compass-stabilized with
reference to north
True Motion (TM)
North-up:
Ground or sea stabilized with
compass and speed inputs
Presentation mode,
representative display
H
E
A
D
330
000 010
020
340 350
A display withouth azimuth stabilization in which the
line connecting the center with the top of the display
indicates own ship's heading.
030
320
040
310
050
060
300
070
280
080
270
090
260
100
250
110
240
120
230
210
200
U
P
330
The short dashed line on the bearing scale is the north
mark and it indicates compass north.
150
190 180 170 160
000 010
020
340 350
030
320
040
310
050
060
300
070
290
280
080
270
090
100
260
250
110
240
120
230
130
140
220
210
200
The target pips are painted at their measured distances
and in their directions relative to own ship's heading.
Failure of the gyro will remove the north marker and
the HDG indication shows "xxx.x".
130
140
220
C
O
U
R
S
E
When the gyro signal is lost, the presentation
mode automatically becomes Head-up and
the HDG readout at the screen top shows
xxx.x. The x's do not disappear even when the
gyro signal is restored, to warn the operator
that the readout may be unreliable.
Match the gyro readout with the gyrocompass
reading. Press the MODE key.
Description
290
U
P
Loss of gyro signal
150
190 180 170 160
An azimuth stabilized display in which a line connecting the center with the top of the display indicates
own ship's intended course (namely, own ship's
previous heading just before this mode has been
selected).
Target pips are painted at their measured distances
and in their directions relative to the intended course
which is maintained at the 0-degree position while the
heading marker moves in accordance with the ship's
yawing and course changes. This mode is useful to
avoid smearing of picture during course changes. After
a course change, press the SHIFT ZOOM key to reset
the picture orientation if you wish to continue using
the Course-up mode.
If the gyrocompass fails, the presentation mode changes
to the Head-up mode and the north marker disappears.
Also, the HDG readout at the screen top shows xxx.x.
1–5
Presentation mode,
representative display
N
O
R
T
H
330
Description
000 010
020
340 350
040
310
050
060
300
070
290
U
P
280
080
270
090
250
110
240
120
230
130
140
220
210
T
R
U
E
If the gyro fails, the presentation mode changes to
the Head-up mode and the north mark disappears.
Also, the HDG readout at the screen top shows xxx.x.
100
260
330
200
150
190 180 170 160
000 010
020
340 350
Own ship and other moving objects move in accordance
with their true courses and speeds. All fixed targets,
such as landmasses, appear as stationary echoes.
030
320
040
310
050
060
300
When own ship reaches a point corresponding to 75% of
the radius of the radar display, the sweep origin
is automatically flipped (reset) to 50% radius opposite
to the extension of the heading marker passing
through the display center.
070
290
M
O
T
I
O
N
Target pips are painted at their measured distances
and in their true (compass) directions with reference to
own ship, north being maintained at the top of the
screen. The heading marker moves according to ship's
heading.
030
320
280
080
270
090
260
100
250
110
240
120
230
Sweep origin may also be reset automatically, in which
case the sweep origin is automatically reset to 50%
radius opposite on the extension of the heading marker
passing through the display center.
130
140
220
210
200
150
190 180 170 160
If the gyrocompass fails, the presentation mode is
changed to the Head-up mode and the north marker
disappears. Also, the HDG readout at the screen top
shows xxx.x.
Heading
marker
340 350 000
010
North
marker
020
340 350 000
030
330
320
010
050
310
340 350 000 010
020
030
330
320
040
030
050
060
300
070
290
040
310
060
300
070
290
050
310
060
300
070
290
280
080
280
080
280
270
090
270
090
270
090
260
100
260
100
260
100
250
110
120
240
230
130
220
140
210
150
200
190
180 170
160
250
110
120
240
230
130
220
140
210
150
200
(a) True motion
is selected
190
180 170
160
(b) Own ship has reached a
point 75% of display radius
080
250
110
120
240
230
130
220
140
210
150
200
190 180 170
160
(c) Own ship is automatically
reset to 50% of radius
Automatic resetting of sweep center in true motion mode
1–6
020
330
320
040
1.5 Menu Overview
The MAIN menu, composed of nine menus, contains functions which normally do not require frequent adjustment in everyday operation.
2) Operate the VRM or EBL control to select a
menu with the cursor and press the ENTER/
SELECT key. (You can also select menus by
pressing key or control shown on the MAIN
menu. In this case you need not press the ENTER/SELECT key.)
For example, select the TRAIL menu.
Basic menu operation
1) Press the MENU key to display the MAIN
menu.
TRAIL
Sel Item by VRM & hit ENT.
TIME
CONT
MAIN
Sel Item by VRM & hit ENT.
TRAIL
GUARD
PLOT
MARK&
DATA
ECHO
TRAIL
FUNC3
GUARD
ALARM
PLOT
SYMBOL
ECHO
SIG
MARK
FUNCTION
TIME
ALM
MODE
TRUE
AUDIO
OFF
BRILL
INITIAL
A/C AUTO
You can select a menu by using the cursor or (in most cases) pressing appropriate
key on the control panel. To select the
PLOT menu, for example, select PLOT
and press the ENTER/SELECT key or
press the PLOT SYMBOL key.
Cursor circumscribes current selection.
Cursor
15S
30S
1M
3M
6M
15M
30M
CONT
Options
of menu
selected
appear
here.
TONE
MULT
Current setting
Figure 1-6 TRAIL menu
3) Select option (in far right-hand column) by
operating the VRM or EBL control.
4) Press the ENTER/SELECT key to register selection.
5) Press the MENU key to close the menu.
Figure 1-5 MAIN menu
Changing pages on the INITIAL menu
The initial menu has two pages: INITIAL1 and
INITIAL2. You can switch between them as follows:
Previous page: Place the cursor on [↑] and press
the ENTER/SELECT key.
Next page: Place the cursor on [↓] and press the
ENTER/SELECT key.
1–7
Menu tree
TRAIL
TIME (15S, 30S, 1M, 3M, 6M, 15M, 30M, CONT)
MODE (REL, TRUE)
TONE (SGL, MULT)
GUARD
AREA NO. (GUARD1, GUARD2)
MODE (IN, OUT)
PLOT
SYMBOL
selection of plotting symbol
ERASE (erase all plotting symbols)
VEC REF (REL, TRUE)
VEC TIME (30S, 1M, 3M, 6M,15M, 30M)
TRACK (OFF, ON)
MARK &
DATA
MK ERASE (erase all fixed marks)
MK MODE (REL, TRUE)
DSP DATA (OFF, PLOT, NAV, ALL)
FUNC
FUNC SEL (S1, S2, S&M, L-ES, L-AC, ES, B1, B2)
ECHO AVG (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
INTRF (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
STRETCH (OFF, 1, 2)
A/C AUTO (OFF, ON)
N REJ (OFF, ON)
ECHO SIG
P/L SEL (P/L1, P/L2)
ECHO AVG (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
INTRF (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
STRETCH (OFF, 1, 2)
N REJ (OFF, ON)
2ND ECHO (OFF, ON)
(Continued on next page.)
1–8
TIME ALM
TIME ALM (OFF, 3M, 6M, 12M, 15M, 20M)
TIME ALM OUT (OFF, ON)
GUARD OUT (OFF, ON)
ARPA ALM OUT (OFF, ON)
Turn on/off external
output of alarms.
PLOT ALM OUT (OFF, ON)
BRILL
PANEL
TRAIL
CHAR
HDG MARK
VRM/ EBL
CURSOR
PLOT
OS MARK
INITIAL
SPD MODE (MAN, LOG, NAV)
MAN SPD (00.0kt)
INDEX (2PCS., 6PCS.)
STERN MK (OFF, ON)
SHP GRPH (OFF, ON)
NAV DATA
↑
AUTO TUNE PRESET
NAV SEL (OFF, ALL, GPS, LC, DR, DEC)
↓
EXT WP (OFF, ON)
OS POSN (L/L, TD) TD = Time Difference
DEPTH (m, FA, ft)
TEMP (°C,° F)
DATE (OFF, ON)
↑
CRSR BRG (REL, TRUE)
CRSR RNG (nm, km, sm)
VRM1 RNG (nm, km, sm)
VRM2 RNG (nm, km, sm)
EBL1 BRG (REL, TRUE)
EBL2 BRG (REL, TRUE)
TEST
INSTALL (for service technicians)
1–9
1.6 Adjusting Sensitivity
BRILL1
The GAIN control adjusts the sensitivity of the
receiver and thus the intensity of echoes as they
appear on the screen.
The proper setting is such that the background
noise is just visible on the screen. If you set up
for too little sensitivity, weak echoes may be
missed. On the other hand excessive sensitivity
yields too much background noise; strong targets
may be missed because of the poor contrast between desired echoes and the background noise
on the display.
To adjust receiver sensitivity, transmit on long
range, and adjust the GAIN control so background
noise is just visible on the screen.
1.7 Adjusting Picture Brilliance
Sel Item by VRM & hit ENT.
PANEL
HDG MARK
PLOT
TRAIL
VRM/EBL
OS MARK
CHAR
CURSOR
Current
level
Setting
Figure 1-7 BRILL menu
4) Select appropriate menu among the following
and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
PANEL, TRAIL, CHAR, HDG MARK,
VRM/EBL, CURSOR, PLOT, OS MARK
5) Operate the VRM or EBL control to set brilliance.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
The BRILL control adjusts the brilliance of the
picture.
1.8 Adjusting Brilliance of
Control Panel and Markers
The brilliance of the control panel and markers
can be adjusted on the BRILL menu. The heading marker is visible when set to zero.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the BRILL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
1 – 10
7) Press the MENU key.
1.9 Adjusting Range Ring
Brilliance
Push in the RINGS (PUSH) control to adjust
range ring brilliance/turn the range rings on or
off. Each pressing of the key adjusts the brilliance
of the rings (in four levels) or turns them off.
1.10 Suppressing Sea Clutter
In rough weather conditions returns from the sea
surface are received over several miles around
own ship and mask nearby targets. This situation
can be improved by properly using the automatic
anti-clutter function and/or the A/C SEA control.
Automatic anti-clutter control
The easiest way to suppress the surface clutter is
to use the automatic anti-clutter function. Press
the A/C AUTO switch.
CAUTION
The auto A/C function can erase weak
targets.
Manual anti-clutter control
From the fully counterclockwise position, slowly
turn the A/C SEA control clockwise. For optimum target detection, leaves speckles of the surface return slightly visible.
Sea clutter at
display center
A/C SEA control adjusted;
sea clutter suppressed
Figure 1-8 Effect of A/C SEA control
A common mistake is too over-adjust the A/C
SEA control so that the surface clutter is completely removed. By rotating the control fully
clockwise, you will see how dangerous this can
be; a dark zone will be created near the center of
the screen, causing a loss of close-in targets. This
dark zone is even more dangerous if the gain has
not been properly adjusted. Always leave a little
surface clutter visible on the screen. If no clutter
is observed (on very calm waters), set the control
at the fully counterclockwise position.
1.11 Suppressing Rain Clutter
In adverse weather conditions, clouds, rain or
snow produce a lot of spray-like spurious echoes
and impairs target detection over a long distance.
This situation can be improved by using a Function key that is so programmed. If the Function
key fails to effectively suppress rain clutter, use
the A/C RAIN control.
The A/C RAIN control adjusts the monitor sensitivity as the A/C SEA control does but rather in
a longer time period (longer range). Clockwise
rotation of this control increases the anti-clutter
effect.
Appearance of rain
clutter on the display
A/C RAIN control adjusted;
rain clutter suppressed
Figure 1-9 Effect of A/C RAIN control
The anti-clutter sea facility is often referred to as
STC (Sensitivity Time Control), which decreases
the sensitivity, and progressively increases the
sensitivity as the range increases.
If the control is set too low, targets will be hidden
in the clutter, while if it is set too high, both sea
clutter and targets will disappear from the display. In most cases adjust the control until clutter
has disappeared to leeward, but a little is still visible windward.
1 – 11
1.12 The Heading and North
Markers
VRM
The heading marker indicates the ship's heading
in all presentation modes. It appears at zero degrees on the bearing scale in the Head-up mode,
in any direction depending on the ship orientation in North-up and True Motion modes. The
north marker appears as a short dashed line. In
the Head-up mode, the north marker moves
around the bearing scale in accordance with the
compass signal.
To temporarily extinguish the heading marker to
look at targets existing dead ahead of own ship,
press the HM OFF (PUSH) control. The heading
marker reappears when the key is released.
5.03nm
12.5nm
No.1 VRM
No.2 VRM
Figure 1-10 Location of VRM readouts
2) Operate the VRM control to place the outside
edge of the VRM on the inside edge of the
target.
3) Check the VRM readout at the bottom right
corner of the display to find the range to the
target.
6.0NM
1.0
No.1 VRM
Target
1.13 Measuring the Range
There are three ways to measure the range to a
target: by the range rings, by the cursor and by
the VRM (Variable Range Marker).
No.2 VRM
VRM
5.0nm
4.0nm
No.1 VRM range
No.2 VRM range
Figure 1-11 How to measure range by VRM
Measuring range by the range rings
Use the range rings to obtain a rough estimate of
the range to a target. They are concentric circles
around own ship, or the sweep origin. The number of rings is automatically determined by the
selected range scale and their interval is displayed
at the upper-left position of the screen. Press the
RINGS (PUSH) control to show the range rings
if they are not displayed. Successive presses of
the RINGS (PUSH) control gradually increase
the brightness of the rings in four steps and a fifth
press erases the rings.
Measuring range by the cursor
Rotate the trackball to place the cursor on the inside edge of the target. The range to the cursor
appears at the bottom of the display.
Measuring range by VRM
1) Press the VRM ON key to enable a VRM. Each
pressing of the key enables the No.1 VRM or
No.2 VRM alternately. The active marker’s
readout is circumscribed.
1 – 12
Erasing VRMs
1) If two VRMs are displayed, press the VRM
ON key to circumscribe the VRM readout of
the VRM you want to keep active.
2) Press the VRM OFF key. The VRM readout
and its associated VRM are erased.
Note: You can select unit of range measurement
for the cursor and VRM on the INITIAL menu.
For further details see 1.35 Selecting Unit of
Range Measurement, Bearing Reference.
1.14 Measuring Bearing
1.15 Collision Assessment by
the Offset EBL
Measuring bearing by cursor
Rotate the trackball to set the cursor intersection
on the center of the target. The bearing to the cursor intersection appears at the bottom of the display.
The origin of the No.1 EBL can be placed anywhere with the trackball to assess the risk of collision, as well as to measure the range and bearing
between two targets.
Measuring bearing by EBL
1) Press the EBL ON key to turn on (or activate)
the No.1 EBL.
1) Press the EBL ON key to enable an EBL. Each
pressing of the key enables the No.1 EBL or
No.2 EBL alternately. The active marker’s
readout is circumscribed.
2) Operate the EBL control to bisect the target
with the EBL.
3) Check the EBL readout at the bottom left corner of the display.
No.1
EBL
2) Press the CURSOR OFFSET key.
3) Operate the trackball to place the No.1 EBL
origin on the target.
4) Operate the EBL control to pass the No.1 EBL
through the screen center.
You can anchor the EBL, to continue monitoring
target’s track, by pressing the CURSOR OFFSET
key again. If the target tracks along the No.1 EBL
toward the screen center, the possibility of collision exists.
Target
No.1 EBL
No.1 EBL bearing
No.2 EBL bearing
50.0°R
80.0°R
EBL
No.2
EBL
Figure 1-12 How to measure bearing by EBL
Note 1: You can display EBL bearing relative to
own ship (relative) or with reference to the north
(True). For further details see 1.35 Selecting Unit
of Range Measurement, Bearing Reference.
Target
(initial position)
70.0°R
EBL
No.1
EBL bearing
Figure 1-13 How to assess risk of collision
Note 2: Suffix "T" denotes true bearing (for gyrocompass input) and suffix "M" denotes magnetic bearing (magnetic compass input).
Erasing EBLs
1) If two EBLs are displayed, press the EBL ON
key to circumscribe the EBL readout of the
EBL you want to keep active.
2) Press the EBL OFF key. The EBL readout and
its associated EBL are erased.
1 – 13
Canceling the cursor offset
Press the CURSOR OFFSET key to return the
No.1 EBL origin to the screen center. (Each pressing of the key links the offset EBL with the cursor, anchors the offset EBL, or returns No.1 EBL
origin to the screen center.)
1.17 Index Lines
The index lines are useful for maintaining a constant distance between own ship and a coastline
or partner ship. They can be turned on/off by the
INDEX LINE key. Each pressing of the key turns
on the index lines (linked with No.2 EBL and
No.2 VRM), anchors the index lines, or turns off
the index lines.
1.16 Measuring Range and
Bearing Between Two Targets
The range and bearing between two targets, for
example, targets A and B in Figure 1-14, can be
measured by using the CURSOR OFFSET key.
No.2 EBL
Index
lines
1) Press the EBL ON key to turn on (or activate)
the No.1 EBL.
2) Press the CURSOR OFFSET key.
3) Operate the trackball to place the No.1 EBL
origin on target A.
Figure 1-15 Index lines
4) Operate the EBL control to pass the No.1 EBL
through target B.
5) Press the VRM ON key to turn on (or activate) the No.1 VRM.
6) Operate the VRM control to place the No.1
VRM on the inside edge of target B.
Range and bearing between the two targets appear in the cursor data window at the bottom of
the display.
No.1 EBL
B
A
No.1 VRM
Rotating the index lines
Activate the No.2 EBL and operate the EBL control.
Adjusting index lines intervals
Activate the No.2 VRM and operate the VRM
control.
Selecting number of index lines
The number of index lines can be selected to two
or six on the INITIAL menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
70.0°R
No.1 EBL
bearing
EBL
VRM
4.5NM
No.1 VRM
range
Figure 1-14 Measuring range and
bearing between two targets
1 – 14
2) Select the INITIAL menu and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Select INDEX and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
4) Select 2PCS (or 6PCS).
5) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
6) Press the MENU key.
1.18 Off-centering the Picture
+
Your vessel’s position can be off-centered up to
75% of the range in use to view the situation
around your vessel without changing the range
or size of targets.
1) Operate the trackball to set cursor where desired.
2) Press the SHIFT ZOOM key. SHIFT appears
at the top left corner of the display.
+
Cursor
Cursor
1 Place cursor
where desired.
2 Press SHIFT
ZOOM key to zoom.
Figure 1-17 Zoom function
Note: Zoom is canceled when range or presentation mode is changed.
Canceling zoom
Cursor
Cursor
1 Set cursor
where desired.
Press the SHIFT ZOOM key again.
2 Press SHIFT ZOOM
key to shift display.
Figure 1-16 Off-centering the picture
Note: The display cannot be off-centered on the
96 nm range. In True Motion, the SHIFT ZOOM
key resets the OS position to a point of 50% radius opposite to the extension of the heading
marker passing through the display center.
Canceling off-centered picture
Press the SHIFT ZOOM key again.
1.20 Inscribing Marks on the
Display
The MARK (PUSH) control inscribes marks on
the display. Each time the MARK (PUSH) control is pressed, an asterisk (*) appears at the cursor location. You can inscribe 20 marks on the
display to denote important locations such as
wrecks and fishing grounds, or mark radar targets when changing the range. When the memory
for marks becomes full, the eldest mark is erased
to make room for the latest.
1.19 Zoom
Inscribing marks
The zoom feature allows you to double the size
of the area between your vessel and any location
within the current range to take a closer look at
an area of interest.
1) Select location with the cursor.
2) Press and hold down the SHIFT ZOOM key
about two seconds. ZOOM appears at the top
left corner when the zoom function is on.
Place the cursor on the location desired for a mark
and press the MARK (PUSH) control.
Erasing marks
Erasing individual marks
Place the cursor on the mark to erase and press
the CLEAR/DELETE key.
1 – 15
Erasing all marks
Table 1-1 Eight available target objectives
1) Press the MENU key.
Objective
Description
2) Select the MARK & DATA menu and press
the ENTER/SELECT key.
S1
(Short range 1)
Short range navigation
(within 1.5 nm); for example,
in harbor area.
3) Select MK ERASE.
S2
(Short range 2)
Short range navigation
within 3 nm, for example,
harbor approach.
4) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Press the MENU key.
Mark bearing reference
S&M
Coastal navigation on ranges
(Short and
within 12 nm.
Medium ranges)
L-ES
(Long rangeEcho Stretch)
To enhance target on 1.5 to 6
nm range by using Echo
Stretch.
L-AC
(Long rangeanti-clutter)
To suppress sea clutter on 3
nm range and higher ranges.
2) Select the MARK & DATA menu and press
the ENTER/SELECT key.
ES
(Echo Stretch)
To magnify target echoes on
1.5 nm range and higher
ranges.
3) Select MODE and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
B1 (Buoy 1)
To detect small targets (nav
buoys, small vessels, floats,
etc.) on ranges within 1.5
nm.
B2 (Buoy 2)
To detect small targets on
ranges greater than 1.5 nm.
You can display a mark with a relative bearing to
own ship (relative) or with reference to the north
(True).
1) Press the MENU key.
4) Select REL (or TRUE).
5) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
6) Press the MENU key.
Procedure
1.21 The FUNCTION key
The FUNCTION key works similar to the automatic dialing feature on a telephone, playing back
controls settings just as they were registered. Instead of manually adjusting controls to set up for
navigation in a harbor, for example, you can have
the FUNCTION key do it for you.
1) Press the FUNCTION key to display function
number to program (F1, F2, or F3).
2) Press the MENU key and select the FUNC
menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
FUNC
FUNC SEL (S1, S2, S&M, L-ES, L-AC, ES, B1, B2)
ECHO AVG (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
Presetting the FUNCTION key
Eight target objectives are available and you can
assign three sets on the FUNC menu. The eight
objectives available are outlined in the table which
follows.
INTRF (OFF, 1, 2, 3)
STRETCH (OFF, 1, 2)
A/C AUTO (OFF, ON)
N REJ (OFF, ON)
P/L SET
0.75~1.5NM: SP, M1P
3NM: SP, M1P, M2P
6NM: M1P, M2P, LP
12~24NM: M2P, LP
Figure 1-18 FUNC menu
1 – 16
5) Select FUNC SEL and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
6) Select target objective desired and press the
ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Note: Each target objective defines a combination of several radar settings for achieving optimum setup for that particular objective.
Therefore, adjustment of radar settings through
the FUNC menu is not necessary. If you accidentally change the settings, default settings can
be restored by reselecting the target objective.
Manual speed input
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the INITIAL menu and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Select SPD MODE and press the ENTER/
SELECT key.
4) Select MANU.
5) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
6) Enter speed and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Turning on a function
Press the FUNCTION key to display function
number desired (at bottom left corner on the display.)
Note: When the main menu displays FUNC
KEY*, this means no function is active and the
FUNCTION key is inoperative. To select a function, erase the menu and press the FUNCTION
key.
1.23 Ship’s Graphic
A graphic (
displayed.
) which depicts own ship can be
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the INITIAL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
1.22 Own Ship Speed
4) Select SHP GRPH and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select ON (or OFF).
Ship’s speed can be entered manually or automatically (by speed log or radionav equipment).
Own ship's speed is required for TM and display
of vectors, E-plot, etc. The True Motion display
works on a ship speed entered manually or automatically.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
Automatic speed input
Mutual radar interference may occur in the vicinity of another shipborne radar operating in the
same frequency band (9 GHz). It is seen on the
screen as a number of bright spikes either in irregular patterns or in the form of usually curved
spoke-like dotted lines extending from the center to the edge of the picture. This type of interference can be reduced by activating the
interference rejector circuit.
1) Press the MENU key and select the INITIAL
menu.
2) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Select SPD MODE and press the ENTER/
SELECT key.
4) Select LOG or NAV and press the ENTER/
SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
1.24 Interference Rejector
6) Press the MENU key.
Note: If no speed is input for 3 minutes at below
0.1 knots, the radar regards this a log failure and
displays SYSTEM FAIL LOG.
1 – 17
The interference rejector circuit is a kind of signal correlation circuit. It compares the received
signals over successive transmissions and suppresses randomly occurring signals. There are
three levels of interference rejection depending
on the number of transmissions that are correlated. These are indicated by the legends IR1, IR2
and IR3 at the bottom right-hand position of the
screen.
True motion trails require a gyrocompass signal
and own ship speed input to cancel out own ship's
movement and present true target movements in
accordance with their over-the-ground speeds and
courses (not heading). Refer to the automatic and
manual speed input procedures for entering own
ship's speed information.
To turn on or off the interference rejector circuit;
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select ECHO SIG and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Select INTRF and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
4) Select level of suppression desired (higher the
number the greater the suppression) and press
the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Press the MENU key.
True trails
Relative trails
Figure 1-20 True and relative echo trails
Note: If the true trail is selected on the stabilized
RM (CU, NU), targets whose extensions hit own
ship are not always on a collision course.
Starting echo trail
Figure 1-19 Radar interference
Press the ECHO TRAIL key to start the echo trail
function. “REL (or TRU) TRAIL”, the echo trail
time selected (on the TRAIL menu) and elapsed
time appear at the top right-hand corner of the
display. Then, afterglow starts extending from all
targets.
Canceling echo trail
1.25 Echo Trails
Echo trails are simulated afterglow of target echoes that represent their movements relative to own
ship or true movements with respect to land, in a
single tone or gradual shading depending on the
setting on the TRAIL menu.
True or relative trails
You may display echo trails in true or relative
motion. Relative trails show relative movements
between targets and own ship. In the true motion, the moving targets have trails according to
their speeds, but stationary targets stay still.
1 – 18
Press the ECHO TRAIL key to erase echo trails
and echo trail indications.
Trail time
Trail time can be selected on the TRAIL menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the TRAIL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select TIME and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
5) Select trail time among 15 seconds, 30 seconds, 1, 3, 6, 15, 30 min, or continuous (99
minutes 59 seconds).
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
2) Select the BRILL menu.
7) Press the MENU key.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
Trail reference
4) Select TRAIL and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
Echo trails can be displayed relative to own ship
(relative) or with reference to north (true).
5) Operate the VRM or EBL control to adjust trail
brilliance.
1) Press the MENU key.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
2) Select the TRAIL menu.
7) Press the MENU key.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select MODE and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
1.26 Electronic Plotting (E-plot)
5) Select trail reference; true or relative.
10 operator-selected targets can be plotted electronically to assess their motion trends. Five past
positions are marked for each plotted target.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Trail gradation
Echo trails may be shown in monotone or gradual
shading (multiple). Gradual shading paints the
trails getting thinner with time just like the afterglow on an analog PPI radar.
A vector appears as you enter a second plot for a
target and is updated each time a new plot is entered for the target. The vector shows the target
motion trend based on its latest two plots.
Alphanumeric readouts for last-plotted or selected
target appear at the bottom of the display.
It should be noted that the vector and alphanumeric target data are not updated in real time, but
only when you enter a new plot.
Monotone trail
Multitone trail
Figure 1-21 Comparison of
trail gradation types
1) Press the MENU key.
E-plot requires ship's speed input (automatic or
manual) and a compass signal.
When speed is input by a navigator, own ship
moves in accordance with course; not heading.
2) Select the TRAIL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
Plotting a target
4) Select TONE and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
Before plotting a target, select PLOT or ALL on
the MARK & DATA DSP menu.
5) Select SGL or MULT.
1) Place the cursor on the target you want to plot,
and press the PLOT SYMBOL key.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Trail brilliance
Trail brilliance may be adjusted on the BRILL
menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Watching the E-plot timer on the PLOT mode,
wait at least 30 seconds. Place the cursor on
the plot symbol and press the ENTER/SELECT key. The plot symbol of the target
flashes.
3) While the plot symbol of the target is flashing, place the cursor on the target again and
press the PLOT SYMBOL key. The plot symbol shifts to the new target position and the
previous position is marked by a small dot.
1 – 19
Target data
HDG 123.4°
0.25 NM
SPEED
MANUAL
30.0kt
AUTO
0.05
ZOOM
SP
HU
GUARD1
GUARD2
IN
Past
position
(max. 5)
Place the cursor on the plotted target and press
the ENTER/SELECT key. Vector reference, vector time, vector time elapsed, and selected target’s
bearing, course, speed, CPA and TCPA appear at
bottom of the display.
In the head-up mode target bearing course and
speed become true or relative depending on vector reference setting. In north-up, course-up and
true motion the target data always shows true
bearing, true course and speed over the ground.
True or relative vector
Plot
symbol
Vector
A/C
F3
L-ES
345.6°R
23.0°R
EBL
+
REL VECTOR
12MIN
TIME 01:28
105.0°R 00.74nm
BRG
RNG
CPA
NR
IR2
ES1
EAV1
0.080nm
VRM
0.220nm
TTG 12:34
057.1°R COURSE 231.0°R
2.7nm SPEED
7.5kt
0.4nm TCPA
22.2
Target vectors can be displayed relative to own
ship (relative) or with reference to the north
(True). Current vector reference appears at the
bottom of the display when the PLOT mode is
active.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the PLOT menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select VEC REF and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select vector reference.
Plot data (for
)
Figure 1-22 Plotting
Note: If a certain target once plotted is not plotted again within 12 minutes, the plot symbol of
the target flashes. If you want to continue plotting this target, reacquire it within one minute,
otherwise the target will be regarded as a “lost
target” and its plot symbol and target data will be
erased. The larger the plotting interval, the less
accurate the plotted target data. Plotting of each
target should normally be made every 3 or 6 minutes as far as possible.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Vector time
A vector extends from plotted targets to show
projected position of target at elapse of vector
time. The vector is useful for evaluating risk of
collision. Current vector time appears at the bottom of the display when the PLOT mode is active.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the PLOT menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select VEC TIME and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select vector time.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
1 – 20
Turning past position display on/off
The plots the latest five past positions of a plotted target by dots. You can show or hide the dots.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the PLOT menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select TRACK and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
1.27 Setting a Guard Alarm
Zone
The guard allows the operator to set the desired
range and bearing for a guard zone. When ships,
islands, landmasses, etc. violate the guard zone
an aural alarm sounds and the offending target
blinks to call the operator’s attention. Two areas
can be set, zone 1 (short dashed line) and zone 2
(long dashed line), and one may be active.
5) Select ON (or OFF).
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
CAUTION
7) Press the MENU key.
Canceling target plotting
Canceling individual target plotting
Place the cursor on the plot symbol and press the
CLEAR/DELETE key.
• The alarm should not be relied upon as
the sole means for detecting possible
collision situations.
• A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and GAIN controls
should be properly adjusted to be sure the
alarm system does not overlook target
echoes.
Canceling all target plotting
1) Press the MENU key.
Selecting guard zone type
2) Select the PLOT menu.
The guard alarm can be set to sound when a target either enters (or exits) the guard zone. You
can select which type of guard alarm you want to
use through the GUARD menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select ERASE and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
5) Press the MENU key.
In alarm: The alarm sounds on targets entering
the guard zone. (IN) appears at the top right-hand
corner when the In alarm is selected.
Out alarm: The alarm sounds on targets exiting
the guard zone. (OUT) appears at the top
right-hand corner when the Out alarm is selected.
Dashed line:
no alarm
Guard
zone
IN ALARM
OUT ALARM
Figure 1-23 In and out alarms
1 – 21
1) Press the MENU key.
(or GUARD2)
2) Select the GUARD menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
Guard zone
to set
A
B
D
C
4) Select MODE and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
5) Select IN (or OUT).
(1)
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
GUARD1
SET
A
Set cursor
on point A
(or B) and
press GUARD
ALARM.
(2)
(or GUARD2)
(or GUARD2)
GUARD1
IN
GUARD1
SET
(or OUT)
Set cursor
on point C
(or D).
Activating the guard zones
Two guard zones may be set and one of them may
be active. Select the guard zone to make active
on the GUARD menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the GUARD menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select AREA NO. and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select guard zone to make active; GUARD1
(or GUARD2).
Press
GUARD
ALARM.
(4)
Guard zone
(3)
Figure 1-24 How to set the guard alarm
Note: When the radar range is less than one half
of the guard zone range, the guard zone disappears and the indication of active guard zone
(GUARD1 or GUARD2) appears in highlighted
video. If this happens, raise the range to re-display
the guard zone.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
Silencing the aural alarm
7) Press the MENU key.
When a target violates the guard zone, the target
flashes and the aural alarm sounds. You can silence the aural alarm by pressing the GUARD
ALARM key. When this is done, ACK replaces
IN (or OUT). This means the aural alarm is temporarily deactivated; but, the target still flashes.
Press the key again to reactivate the alarm.
Setting a guard zone
1) Referring to (1) in Figure 1-24, operate the
trackball to place the cursor at point A or B.
2) Press the GUARD ALARM key. GUARD1 (or
GUARD2) SET appears at the top right corner on the display. See Figure 1-24 (2).
3) Operate the trackball to place the cursor at
point C or D. See Figure 1-24 (3). GUARD1
(or GUARD2) IN (or OUT) appears.
4) Press the GUARD ALARM key.
1 – 22
Canceling the guard zone and guard
alarm
Press and hold down the GUARD ALARM key
about two seconds until the guard zone disappears.
1.28 Watch Alarm
The watch alarm works like an alarm clock,
sounding an aural alarm and blinking a visual
indication “T ALM” at the predetermined time
interval. When the alarm sounds, you can silence
it by pressing the AUDIO OFF key.
How to turn on echo averaging
To properly use the echo average feature, first
properly suppress sea clutter with the A/C SEA
control and then select echo average function as
follows;
1) Press the MENU key.
You can select time interval (3 min, 6 min, 12
min, 15 min, or 20 min) on the TIME ALM menu.
2) Select the ECHO SIG menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
4) Select ECHO AVG and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
2) Select the TIME ALM menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select 1, 2, or 3.
4) Select TIME ALM and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
1: Distinguishes targets from sea clutter and
suppresses brilliance of unstable echoes.
5) Select time interval (or OFF).
2: Distinguishes small stationary targets such
as navigation buoys.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
3: Displays distant targets as stable echoes.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
1.29 Echo Average
The echo average feature effectively suppresses
sea clutter and other random noise. Echoes received from stable targets such as ships (if not
moving at high speeds) appear on the screen at
almost the same position every rotation of the
antenna. On the other hand, unstable echoes such
as sea clutter appear at random positions.
To distinguish real target echoes from sea clutter,
this radar performs scan-to-scan correlation. Correlation is made by storing and averaging echo
signals over successive picture frames. If an echo
is solid and stable, it is shown in its normal intensity. Sea clutter is averaged over successive
scans and reduced in brightness. This makes it
easier to discriminate real targets from sea clutter.
a) Echo average OFF
b) Echo average 1
Figure 1-25 Echo average
CAUTION
Do not use the Echo Average feature under
heavy pitching or rolling; loss of true
targets can result.
1 – 23
Echo averaging uses scan-to-scan signal correlation technique based on the true motion over the
ground of each target. Thus, small stationary targets such as buoys will be shown while suppressing random echoes such as sea clutter. True echo
average is not however effective for picking up
small targets running at high speeds over the
ground.
The echo average feature is inoperable when a
heading signal is not available. If you wish to use
this feature without a heading signal, system initialization is required. (Consult a FURUNO representative or dealer.)
1.31 Echo Stretch
On long ranges target echoes tend to shrink in
the bearing direction, making them difficult to
see. On short and medium ranges such as 1.5, 3
and 6 nm range scales, the same sized targets get
smaller on screen as they approach own ship.
These are due to the inherent property of the radiation pattern produced by the antenna. To enhance target video, use the echo stretch feature.
Enlarged in range
direction by ES 2
Enlarged by ES 1
Note: Echo averaging also requires ship's speed
information from a log or manual entry.
1.30 Suppressing Second-Trace
Echoes
If a target becomes
smaller as it approaches
own ship, use ES 1.
ECHO STRETCH 1
For stretching echoes
near own ship
If a distant target
is hard to see,
use ES 2.
ECHO STRETCH 2
For stretching echoes near
perimeter of CRT
In certain situations, echoes from very distant
targets may appear as false echoes (second-track
echoes) on the screen. This occurs when the return echo is received one transmission cycle later,
namely, after a next radar pulse has been transmitted.
1) Press the MENU key.
To suppress them, turn on 2ND ECHO on the
ECHO SIG menu.
2) Select the ECHO SIG menu and press the
ENTER/SELECT key.
1) Press the MENU key.
3) Select STRETCH and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
2) Select the ECHO SIG menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select 2ND ECHO and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select ON.
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
Figure 1-26 Echo stretch
4) Select 1 2, or OFF.
5) Press the ENTER/SELECT key followed by
the MENU key.
Note 1: Echo stretch magnifies not only small
target pips but also returns from sea surface, rain
and radar interference. For this reason, make sure
that these types of interference have been sufficiently suppressed before activating the echo
stretch feature.
Note 2: If the 1.5 nm range is preset for
pulselength SP (0.08 µs) or M2 (0.3 µs), and the
3 nm scale for M1 (0.3 µs), the echo stretch feature is not available on these range scales.
1 – 24
Note 3: Suppress sea clutter and noise before
activating echo stretch, since the echo stretch circuit stretches not only target echoes but also sea
clutter and noise.
Note 4: Echo stretch 2 is not available with the
short pulse.
HDG 123.4°
0.25 NM
SPEED
MANUAL
30.0kt
AUTO
0.05
ZOOM
SP
HU
TRU TRAIL
30M
GUARD1
GUARD2
IN
00:45
External
waypoint
marker
1.32 Noise Rejection
White noise can be suppressed by turning on N
REJ on the ECHO SIG menu.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the ECHO SIG menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select N REJ and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
5) Select ON.
A/C
F3
L-ES
345.6°R
23.0°R
29:59
EBL
+
105.0°R 00.74nm
NR
IR2
ES1
EAV1
0.080nm
VRM
0.220nm
TTG 12:34
Figure 1-27 Displaying an external waypoint
6) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
7) Press the MENU key.
1.33 Waypoint Display
A waypoint selected on a radionav equipment can
be displayed on the radar. This function requires
a compass signal.
1.34 Outputting Cursor Position
(TLL data)
Cursor position can be output to external equipment, in IEC 1162 format, by pressing the VRM
(TLL) control. This function requires position
data and a compass signal.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the INITIAL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select NAV DATA and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
5) Select EXT WP and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
6) Select ON (or OFF).
7) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
8) Press the MENU key.
1 – 25
1.35 Selecting Unit of Range
Measurement, Bearing
Reference
You can select the unit of range measurement for
the VRMs and cursor and bearing reference for
the EBLs.
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the INITIAL menu.
3) Press the ENTER/SELECT key.
4) Select appropriate menu and press the ENTER/
SELECT key.
CRSR BRG (REL, TRUE)
CRSR RNG (nm, km, sm)
VRM1 RNG (nm, km, sm)
VRM2 RNG (nm, km, sm)
EBL1 BRG (REL, TRUE)
EBL2 BRG (REL, TRUE)
5) Select option desired and press the ENTER/
SELECT key.
6) Press the MENU key.
1.36 Alarm Output Signal
On/Off
With connection of an external buzzer (option),
aural alarm signal can be output.
1) Select the TIME ALM menu.
2) Select alarm type and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
TIME ALM OUT: Watch alarm signal
GUARD OUT:
Guard alarm signal
ARPA ALM OUT: CPA/TCPA alarm on
ARP-15
PLOT ALM OUT: Alarms on RP-15
3) Select ON or OFF.
4) Press the MENU key.
1 – 26
Chapter 2
MAINTENANCE
Periodic checks and maintenance are important for proper operation of any electronic systems. This
chapter contains maintenance instructions to be followed to obtain optimum performance and the
longest possible life of the equipment.
Danger!-Electrical Shock Hazard
This equipment contains high voltages which can endanger human life at several
internal circuits including a cathode ray tube (CRT) which uses several thousands
volts. Any internal adjustment, servicing and repair shall only be performed by
qualified service personnel totally familiar with electrical circuits and servicing of
the equipment. A residual charge remains in capacitors and other devices several
minutes after turning off the power. It is therefore essential to wait at least 3 minutes to allow residual charge to subside before accessing the inside of the equipment. Special care must be taken when approaching the following parts:
• Power supply circuit (Display unit)
• CRT circuit (Display unit)
2.1 Periodic Maintenance Schedule
Interval
Check point
Check and measures
Remarks
Weekly
Display unit
Periodically clean the exterior of
display unit using a dry soft cloth.
Antistatic spray cleaner may be used
to clean the display screen.
DO NOT use strong solvent like
paint thinner or abrasive cleaners
for cleaning; they may remove
point and markings.
6 months
to one
year
CRT and
surrounding
components
High voltage at CRT and
surrounding components attract dust
in environment which will cause
poor insulation. Ask your nearest
FURUNO representative or dealer to
clean internal high-voltage
components.
Connectors,
earth terminal
Check for rust on earth terminal.
Check connectors for proper seating.
2–1
2.2 Diagnostic Test
A diagnostic test is provided to enable testing of
major circuit boards in the remote display.
Proceed as follows to execute the diagnostic test:
1) Press the MENU key.
2) Select the INITIAL menu and press the ENTER/SELECT key.
3) Select TEST and press the ENTER/SELECT
key.
ROM 1 035909910x OK
ROM 2 035910010x OK
RAM 1
OK
RAM 2
OK
ON TIME
000001.2
VIDEO LEVEL
3.0V
Figure 2-2 Diagnostic test, test pattern
5) To return to the normal remote display, press
the MENU key.
*
x = Version level
2.3 Replacing the Fuse
\
\
ARP-15 data appears
if ARP-15 is provided.
Figure 2-1 Diagnostic test screen
The diagnostic test is executed and the screen
shows test results. Sample test results are shown
in Figure 2-1.
The fuse in the power cable protects the equipment against reverse polarity of ship’s mains,
overcurrent, and equipment fault. If the fuse
blows, find the cause before replacing it. Use the
proper fuse shown in below, since overfusing can
cause serious damage to the equipment and void
the warranty.
Power supply Fuse to use
24/32 VDC: 10 A
12 VDC: 20 A
Small squares displayed to the right of the test
results screen are for testing the controls and keys
on the control panel. As you operate the controls
and keys, corresponding squares are highlighted,
indicating your control/key operations are properly recognized.
4) To display a test pattern, press the ENTER/SELECT key. You can return to the main diagnostic test screen by pressing the ENTER/
SELECT key again.
CAUTION
CAUTION
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can cause
fire or equipment damage.
2–2
Chapter 3
• The display unit should be oriented so that
you can view the screen while facing towards the bow. This will make determination of your position easier.
Installation
DANGER
This equipment uses high
voltage electricity which
can shock, burn or cause
death.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
3.1 Mounting the Display Unit
Siting considerations
• The display unit can be mounted on a tabletop, a bulkhead or on the overhead. Install
it where it can be viewed and operated conveniently, but where it is protected from
being sprayed or immersed in salt or fresh
water.
• Observe the following display unit compass safe distances to prevent deviation of
the magnetic compass;
Table 3-1 Display unit compass safedistances
Display unit
Standard
compass
Steering
compass
1.3 m
1.0 m
• The mounting location must be strong
enough to support the display unit under
vibration conditions normally encountered
on the vessel. If necessary reinforce the
mounting location.
• Determine the mounting location considering the length of the signal cable, which
connects between the main radar and this
display unit.
• Make sure you allow enough clearance to
get to the connectors behind the unit. Leave
at least a foot or so of “service loop” in
cables so that it can be pulled forward for
servicing or easy removal of the connectors.
Tabletop mounting
1) Unfasten the two M8 x 40 bolts at the front
of the display unit. Remove the fixing plate.
2) Mark screws locations in the tabletop by
using the fixing plate as a template. For
mounting by bolts and nuts, drill four
holes of 12 mm diameter in the tabletop.
3) Secure the fixing plate to the tabletop by
ø9 coach screws or M10 bolts, nuts and
washers.
4) Lay the display unit on the fixing plate. Secure it with the two M8 x 40 bolts unfastened in step 1.
DISPLAY
UNIT
M8 X 40 hex
bolt ( 2 pcs.)
M10 bolts or
ø9 coach
screws
Fixing
plate
Figure 3-1 Tabletop mounting
3–1
Overhead mounting
1) Referring to Figure 3-2, change the location of the fixing plate, mounting base, bottom plate and cover to mount the unit on
the overhead.
ø9 coach screws
or M10 bolts
Fixing
plate
M8 x 40 bolt
(2 pcs.)
Mounting
base
Hex screw
Fabricating the power cable CVV-S
8 x 2C (optional supply)
1) Remove the vinyl sheath by 40 mm.
2) Unravel the braided shield to expose the
cores.
3) Remove insulation of cores by about 10
mm.
4) Fix crimp-on lugs to the cores and braided
shield.
(a)
Bottom
plate
M3 x 6 screw
(4 pcs.)
CVV-S 8X2C
Approx. 60 mm
(b)
10mm
(c)
Clamp here
25 mm
(d)
Figure 3-2 Display unit overhead mounting
Taping
3.2 Wiring
At least two cables are terminated at the display unit: the signal cable and the power cable.
The signal cable, which is available in lengths
of 5 meters, 10 meters or 15 meters, comes
prefitted with a connector for connection to
the display unit.
Figure 3-3 How to fabricate the power
cable (CVV-S 8 x 2C)
Laying cables inside the display
unit
SPU Board
Proper grounding of cables cannot be stressed
enough; be sure to ground the shield of cables
by the cable clamp.
Cover
Cable
clamping
plate
Cable
clamp
Figure 3-4 Display unit, rear
view, cover removed
3–2
1) Remove the display unit cover.
CAUTION
2) Dismount the clamping plate from the cable
clamp by loosening two screws.
3) Lay the signal cable and power cable inside the cable clamp. Fasten the clamping
plate to the cable clamp by using two M4
x 12 screws. If optional equipment are connected, secure the clamping plate by using
two M6 x 30 bolts.
Screw
Ground the equipment to prevent
electrical shock and mutual
interference.
It is recommended to seal the cable gland
(with aluminum tape, etc.) to keep foreign
objects out of the display unit.
Ground
wire
Wing nut
Cables of
optional equipment
M6 x 30
Signal cable
M4 x 12
Power cable
Clamping
plate
Cable clamp
Figure 3-5 Laying cables in the cable clamp
4) Connect the power cable and signal cable
by referring to the interconnection diagram.
Fasten shields of those cables to chassis.
Fasten shield of
signal cable here.
Cable
clamp
Cover cable
gland with
aluminum
tape, etc.
Connect DJ1
and J201 here.
Cables
(power,
signal,etc.)
Figure 3-7 Sealing the cable gland
3.3 External Signal Input/
Output
Input from external equipment
As shown in Figure 3-8, this radar accepts
inputs from a wide variety of equipment. All
external equipment are connected to the SPU
Board, which is near the DJ connector at the
rear of the display unit. Use XH connector
assy. to connect external equipment.
FURUNO can provide a signal cable assembly; 5m, 2-pair cable with XH-5 connector attached.
Fasten shield of
power cable here.
DTB-1
#1(+), #2(-)
Figure 3-6 Display unit, rear view
5) Run a ground wire (IV-8 sq, or equivalent)
from the ground terminal to nearest ground
point.
3–3
Table 3-2 Connector wiring
Terminal no.
Wire color
1
BROWN
2
RED
3
ORANGE
4
YELLOW
5
Cable
CO-SPEVV-SB-C 0.2SQ X 2P, 5m
pair
pair
Connector
XH-5P
BLACK
HDG signal (magnetic)
input (XH-5P)
Radar buoy
(XH-4P)
Log
(XH-3P)
DJ CONNECTOR
HDG (AD-100 format)
Signal input (XH-5P)
Nav data
(XH-5P)
Figure 3-8 Location of connectors on the SPU Board
3–4
Table 3-3 External signal input connector (SPU Board)
Signal
Connector
Connector
no.
Connector
type
Equipment
(example)
Remarks
Heading
signal
HDG IN
J213
XH, 5 pin
C-2000
HDG (NMEA format)
Speed log
signal
LOG
J210
XH, 3 pin
DS-70, DS-30,
MF-220, CI-60
200 pulses/nm, etc.
Nav data
NAV IN
(L/L, wpt, time,
TD, course,
water temp.,
depth)
J203
XH, 5 pin
GP-3100,
GP-50M3, GP-188,
FCV series,
T-2000, TI-20
(*1)
Remote
display
input signal
DJ1
28 pin
Radar buoy
signal
—
for R. BUOY J212
Heading, water HDG IN
temp., depth
When used to connect
a slave display, input
heading, bearing, video
and trigger signals
through DJ connector.
XH, 4 pin
J213
XH, 5 pin
T-2000, TI-20
(*2)
*1 Requires interface (IF-2901, etc.) to input position, water temperature and depth.
*2 HDG IN connector can accept water temperature or depth data (NMEA) in lieu of heading signal.
Output to external equipment
Power for alarm amplifier
(NH-4P)
Signal output for
external buzzer, etc.
(Use connection kit
OP03-21.)
To navigator or plotter,
for output of cursor position
(XH-5P)
FMD-1800 Monitor
(NH-6P, see note)
Note: The CVD converter
connects between the
FMD-1800 and radar, and
comes with a 60 cm cable
w/6P connector. However,
the corresponding connector
on the SPU Board is a 13P
connector; cut unused pins.
RP-15 Plotter
To external ARPA
(NH-8P w/cable supplied
with ARPA unit)
Figure 3-9 Location of external equipment connectors on the SPU Board
3–5
NMEA I/O data
The FMD-8010 accepts the following nav data
input/output sentences.
Table 3-4 Receivable NMEA0183 sentences
Input/Output
Receive sentence
Speed
RMA>RMC>VTG>VHW
Heading (true)
HDT>VHW>HDG>VHW>HDM
Heading (magnetic)
HDM>VHW>HDT>HDG>
Course (true)
RMA>RMC>VTG
Course (magnetic)
VTG>RMA>RMC
Waypoint (range/bearing)
RMB>BWC>BWR
Ship's position
RMA>RMC>GLL
Loran TD
RMA>GLC>GTD
Time
ZDA
Water temperature
MDA>MTW
Table 3-5 Transmittable NMEA0183 sentences
Input/Output
Transmit sentence
Target position (cursor
latitude and longitude)
RAATLL
Radar system data *
RARSD
Target message **
RATTM
when equipped w/ARP-15
* Origin mark range and bearing, EBL bearing, VRM
range, cursor range and bearing, etc.
** Target no., range, bearing, course, speed, CPA,
TCPA, etc. Outputted from J2#1 and J#2 on the ARP
Board.
3–6
3) Unplug connectors on the POWER Board
and remove the board.
3.4 Changing Power
specifications
This remote display can be powered by 12V,
24V or 32V power. Power specification can
be changed from 12V to 24V/32V and vice
versa by attaching jumper wire JP1 and changing the power fuse F1351.
4) Attach jumper wires as shown in below.
Jumper JP1 is on underside of the transformer.
12V DC spec.
Attach jumper wires between 1-2, 34, 5-6, and 7-8.
24V/32V DC spec.
CAUTION
Confirm that the power supply is compatible with the voltage rating of the equipment.
Attach jumper wires between 2-3 and
6-7.
TI-9228
Connection to a wrong power supply can
cause fire or equipment damage. Voltage
rating appears on the label at the rear of the
equipment.
JP1
TI-9228
JP1
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can cause fire or equipment damage.
12V spec.
24V/32V spec.
Figure 3-11 Location of
jumper JP1 on transformer
Input voltage rating (at terminal
board in display unit)
5) Change fuse as follows.
12V DC spec.: 20A
24V/32V DC spec.: 10A
12V DC: 10.2 to 15V DC
24V/32V DC: 20.4 to 41.6V DC
6) Reassemble the power section.
Procedure
1) Remove the display cover.
3.5 Adjustment
2) Remove rear panel of display unit by unfastening five screws. Unfasten three
screws securing the POWER Board.
Working with the INSTALL menus
Displaying the INSTALL menus
Press the [MENU] key about two seconds to
display the INITIAL menu. Select INSTALL
on the INITIAL2 menu and press the [ENTER] key.
M4 x 10
(5 pcs.)
Power
section
M3 x 3
(3 pcs.)
JP1
Selecting items on menus
1) Operate the VRM or EBL control to select
menu.
Figure 3-10 Display unit, rear view
3–7
2) Press the [ENTER] key.
Heading alignment
3) Operate the VRM or EBL control to change
setting.
The antenna unit is mounted facing straight
ahead in the direction of the bow. Therefore,
a small but conspicuous target dead ahead visually should appear on the heading mark. In
practice, however, there will be some error
on the display because of the difficulty in
achieving accurate initial positioning of the
antenna unit. Do the following to compensate
for error.
4) Press the [ENTER] key.
Closing the menu
Press the [MENU] key.
Changing pages
Next page: Place cursor on ↓ and press the
[ENTER] key.
Correct bearing
relative to heading
Target
Previous page: Place cursor on ↑ and press
the [ENTER] key.
Apparent
position
of target
Clearing wrong data
Antenna mounted error
to port (heading switch
advance)
Press the [CLEAR] key.
Picture appears
deviated clockwise.
Sweep timing adjustment
Sweep timing depends on the length of the
signal cable (between the display unit and the
antenna unit). Adjust it as shown in the procedure below to prevent pushing in pulling
out of targets as shown in the Figure 3-12.
Apparent position
of target
Target
Correct
bearing
relative to
heading
Antenna mounted error
to starboard (heading
switch delayed)
Correct
Target pushed
inward
Target pulled
outward
Figure 3-12 Examples of proper and
improper sweep timing
1) Select TIMING on the INSTALL1 menu
and press the [ENTER] key.
2) Transmit on the 0.125 nautical mile range,
and visually select a target which forms
right angles (harbor wall, etc.).
4) Operate the VRM control to straighten target selected in step 3. For reference, amount
“straightened” in nautical miles appears at
bottom right side on the display.
5) Press the [ENTER] key.
3–8
Picture appears
deviated counterclockwise.
Figure 3-13 How to align heading
1) Identify a suitable target (by gyrocompass,
for example) at a range between 0.125 to
0.25 nautical miles, preferably near the
heading mark.
2) Open the INSTALL1 menu and select
HDG ADJ.
3) Press the [ENTER] key.
4) Operating the VRM control, bisect the target by the EBL. The value at the bottom
right of the menu shows antenna position
in relation to ship’s bow (0°).
5) Press the [ENTER] key.
Table 3-6 Function objectives
Presetting the FUNCTION key
The [FUNCTION] key provides one-touch
adjustment of STC, pulselength, and other
controls. Eight types of target setups are available (see Table 8 ) and three can be preset on
the FUNC menu.
1) Press the [FUNCTION] key and select
function number (FUNC1, FUNC2, or
FUNC3) to set.
2) Select FUNC on the main menu.
3) Place the cursor on the FUNC SEL.
FUNC ( 1 )
FUNC
S1
ECHO AVG
OFF
INTRF
OFF
STRETCH
OFF
A/C AUTO
OFF
NOISE
OFF
P/L SEL
OFF
It is recommended to maintain default
settings for STRETCH, P/L SEL,
ECHO AVG, A/C AUTO, INTRF and
NOISE. They are optimally set
considering target objective, thus any
change may prevent obtainment of
objective.
To restore default settings, select
appropriate function again and close
the menu.
Item
Description
S1 (Short
range 1)
Short range navigation (within
1.5 nm); for example, when
approaching a a harbor.
S2 (Short
range 2)
Short range navigation within
3 nm
S & M (Short
and Medium
ranges)
General navigation on ranges
within 12 nm.
L-ES (Long
range-cho
Stretch)
Magnify target echoes on 6 nm
range and higher ranges.
L-STC (Long
range-STC)
Suppress sea surface
reflections on 3 nm range and
higher ranges.
ES (Echo
Stretch)
Magnify target echoes on 1.5
nm range and higher ranges.
B1 (Buoy 1)
Detect echoes from small
targets (various buoys, small
vessels, floats, etc.) on ranges
within 1.5 nm.
B2 (Buoy 2)
Detect small targets on ranges
greater than 1.5 nm.
Selecting Navigator
On the INITIAL1 menu, select NAV SEL and
navigator which feeds position data to the radar.
Figure 3-14 Function setting menu
4) Press the [ENTER] key.
5) Operate the VRM control to select settings.
6) Press the [ENTER] key.
To set another function number (2 or 3), erase
the menu and then repeat steps in the previous procedure.
Note: When the main menu displays FUNC
KEY*, this means no function is active and
the [FUNCTION] key is inoperative. To select a function, erase the menu and press the
[FUNCTION] key.
3–9
Other items on the INSTALL menus
Table 3-7 Other items on INSTALL menus
Item, INSTALL
menu no.
Description
Alarm level, #2
Set echo strength which will
trigger the guard alarm. Note
that the HIGH setting can
trigger alarm on sea clutter.
Log pulse ratio, #2 Enter log pulse ratio.
Heading sensor, #2 Select heading sensor which
feeds heading data to the
radar.
Key response, #2
Turn on or off key beep.
Video signal, #2
Normally set to NORMAL.
Own ship data, #2
Turn on SHP GRPH on the
INITIAL1 menu, and enter
own ship data to accurately
depict own ship graphic (on
the display) on INSTALL2
menu.
Transmitting while Radar pulses can be
scanner is stopped, transmitted with scanner
#2
rotation suspended, for
servicing, etc.
Echo averaging
and no gyro, #3
Turn off echo averaging when
no gyro is connected.
Display unit
function, #3
Select function of display unit:
main or slave display.
3 – 10
Installation checklist
After completing the installation, check it for
completeness following the checklist shown
below. Check asterisk-marked items if they
apply to the installation.
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
❒
Sweep timing adjustment
Heading alignment
FUNCTION key presetting
*Selection of navigator
Setting up of INITIAL menus
Setting up of INSTALL menus