Specifications | Furuno FR-8062, FR-8122, FR-8252 Radar Detector User Manual

MARINE RADAR
FR-8062, FR-8122, FR-8252
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
Radio Frequency Radiation Hazard
The radar antenna emits electromagnetic radio frequency (RF) energy which can be
harmful, particularly to your eyes. Never look directly into the antenna aperture from a
close distance while the radar is in operation or expose yourself to the transmitting
antenna at a close distance.
Distances at which RF radiation levels of 100 W/m2 and 10 W/m2 exist are given in the
table below.
Note: If the antenna unit is installed at a close distance in front of the wheel house, it may
be necessary to prevent transmission in that area to protect passengers and crew from
microwave radiation. This can be done with Sector Blank in the System menu.
Model
FR-8062
FR-8122
FR-8252
Antenna
XN-12A
XN-13A
XN-12A
XN-13A
XN-12A
XN-13A
Distance to
100 W/m2 point
Nil
Nil
Nil
Nil
0.40 m
0.40 m
Distance to
10 W/m2 point
1.20 m
1.10 m
1.90 m
1.40 m
4.60 m
3.10 m
i
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
WARNING
Use the proper fuse.
Do not open the equipment.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
Fuse rating is shown on the equipment.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in damage
to the equipment.
Keep heater away from equipment.
Turn off the radar power
switch before servicing the
antenna unit. Post a warning sign near the switch
indicating it should not be
turned on while the antenna
unit is being serviced.
Prevent the potential risk of
being struck by the rotating
antenna and exposure to
RF radiation hazard.
Wear a safety belt and hard
hat when working on the
antenna unit.
Serious injury or death can
result if someone falls from
the radar antenna mast.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
Turn off the power immediately if water
leaks into the equipment or the equipment is emitting smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock.
ii
Heat can alter equipment shape and melt
the power cord, which can cause fire or
electrical shock.
Do not place liquid-filled containers on
the top of the equipment.
Fire or electrical shock can result if a liquid
spills into the equipment.
Do not operate the equipment with wet
hands.
Electrical shock can result.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
No one navigational aid should be relied
upon for the safety of vessel and crew.
The navigator has the responsibility to
check all aids available to confirm
position. Electronic aids are not
a substitute for basic navigational
principles and common sense.
• The ARP automatically tracks
automatically or manually acquired radar
targets and calculates their courses and
speeds, indicating them by vectors. Since
the data generated by the auto plotter
are based on what radar targets are
selected, the radar must always be
optimally tuned for use with the ARP to
ensure required targets will not be lost or
unwanted targets such as sea returns
and noise will not be acquired and
tracked.
• A target does not always mean a landmass, reef, ships or other surface vessels
but can imply returns from sea surface
and clutter. As the level of clutter changes
with environment, the operator should
properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C RAIN
and GAIN controls to be sure target
echoes are not eliminated from the
radar screen.
CAUTION
The plotting accuracy and response of
this ARP meets IMO standards.
Tracking accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Tracking accuracy is affected by course
change. One to two minutes is required to
restore vectors to full accuracy after an
abrupt course change. (The actual
amount depends on gyrocompass
specifications.)
• The amount of tracking delay is inversely
proportional to the relative speed of the
target. Delay is on the order of 15-30
seconds for high relative speed; 30-60
seconds for low relative speed.
The data generated by ARP and AIS are
intended for reference purposes only.
Check all available navigation aids to
determine target moviement.
iii
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING LABELS
Warning labels are attached to the equipment.
Do not remove any label. If a label is missing or
damaged, contact a FURUNO agent or dealer
about replacement.
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, do not
remove cover. No user-serviceable
parts inside.
WARNING
Radiation hazard. Only qualified
personnel should work inside scanner.
Confirm that TX has stopped before
opening scanner.
DISPLAY UNIT
Name:
Warning Label 1
Type:
86-003-1011-1
Code No.: 100-236-231
ANTENNA UNIT
Name:
Warning Sticker
Type:
03-142-3201-0
Code No.: 100-266-890
TFT LCD
The high quality TFT (Thin Film Transistor) LCD
displays 99.999% of its picture elements.
The remaining 0.001% may drop out or light,
however this is an inherent property of the LCD;
it is not a sign of malfunction.
iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ............................................................................................... ix
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ...................................................................... xi
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW ..............................................................1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
1.13
1.14
1.15
1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20
1.21
1.22
1.23
1.24
1.25
1.26
1.27
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.43
Controls .....................................................................................................................1-1
Turning the Radar On/Off, Transmitting ....................................................................1-3
Display Indications.....................................................................................................1-4
Adjusting Display Brilliance, Panel Dimmer...............................................................1-5
Menu Overview..........................................................................................................1-5
Tuning........................................................................................................................1-7
Presentation Modes...................................................................................................1-8
Choosing a Range Scale.........................................................................................1-10
Choosing a Pulse Length ........................................................................................1-11
Adjusting the Gain (sensitivity) ................................................................................1-12
Suppressing Sea Clutter..........................................................................................1-13
Suppressing Rain Clutter.........................................................................................1-14
Automatic Suppression of Sea and Rain Clutters ...................................................1-15
Cursor......................................................................................................................1-16
Interference Rejector ...............................................................................................1-17
Measuring the Range to a Target ............................................................................1-18
Measuring the Bearing to a Target ..........................................................................1-20
Measuring the Range and Bearing Between Two Targets ......................................1-21
Target Alarm ............................................................................................................1-22
Off Centering the Display ........................................................................................1-24
Zoom .......................................................................................................................1-25
Echo Stretch ............................................................................................................1-27
Echo Averaging .......................................................................................................1-28
Target Trails ............................................................................................................1-29
Parallel Index Lines .................................................................................................1-34
Outputting Target Position, Inscribing Origin Mark ..................................................1-35
Temporarily Hiding the Heading Line ......................................................................1-36
Custom Setup ..........................................................................................................1-36
Programming Function Keys (F1 and F2 keys) .......................................................1-39
Noise Rejector .........................................................................................................1-40
Suppressing Second-trace Echoes .........................................................................1-40
Watchman ...............................................................................................................1-41
Color Schemes ........................................................................................................1-42
Navigation Data .......................................................................................................1-43
Dynamic Range .......................................................................................................1-45
Characteristics Curve ..............................................................................................1-45
Antenna Speed ........................................................................................................1-46
Waypoint Marker .....................................................................................................1-46
Alarm Message Display ...........................................................................................1-47
Echo Area ................................................................................................................1-49
Customizing (Initial Menu) .......................................................................................1-50
Sector Blank ............................................................................................................1-52
GPS Buoy ................................................................................................................1-54
2. RADAR OBSERVATION ....................................................................2-1
2.1
2.2
2.3
General ......................................................................................................................2-1
False Echoes .............................................................................................................2-3
SART (Search and Rescue Transponder).................................................................2-5
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2.4
RACON ..................................................................................................................... 2-6
3. ARP OPERATION .............................................................................. 3-1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
Usage Precautions .................................................................................................... 3-1
Controls for Use with ARP ........................................................................................ 3-2
ARP Display On/Off .................................................................................................. 3-2
Acquiring and Tracking Targets ................................................................................ 3-3
Terminating Tracking of ARP Targets ....................................................................... 3-4
Vector Attributes........................................................................................................ 3-5
History Display (target past position) ........................................................................ 3-6
ARP Target Data ....................................................................................................... 3-7
CPA/TCPA Alarm ...................................................................................................... 3-8
Proximity Alarm ......................................................................................................... 3-9
Lost Target ................................................................................................................3-9
Symbol Color........................................................................................................... 3-10
4. AIS OPERATION................................................................................ 4-1
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
Controls for Use with AIS ......................................................................................... 4-1
Turning the AIS Display On or Off............................................................................. 4-1
AIS Symbols.............................................................................................................. 4-2
Activating, Sleeping Targets ..................................................................................... 4-2
Displaying AIS Target Data ....................................................................................... 4-3
Display Range ........................................................................................................... 4-4
Sorting Targets.......................................................................................................... 4-4
Displaying Targets Within a Specific Sector ............................................................. 4-5
Number of Targets to Display ................................................................................... 4-5
Vector Attributes........................................................................................................ 4-6
History Display (target past position) ........................................................................ 4-7
CPA/TCPA Alarm ...................................................................................................... 4-8
Proximity Alarm ......................................................................................................... 4-9
Lost Target ................................................................................................................4-9
Symbol Color........................................................................................................... 4-10
5. GPS OPERATION .............................................................................. 5-1
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
Navigator Type .......................................................................................................... 5-1
Datum........................................................................................................................ 5-2
WAAS Setup ............................................................................................................. 5-2
Satellite Monitor ........................................................................................................ 5-3
Displaying Type 16 Message .................................................................................... 5-4
GPS Sensor Installation Position Offset.................................................................... 5-5
Cold Start .................................................................................................................. 5-6
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................ 6-1
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
Preventive Maintenance............................................................................................ 6-2
Fuse Replacement .................................................................................................... 6-3
Magnetron Life .......................................................................................................... 6-3
LCD Backlight Life..................................................................................................... 6-3
Trackball Maintenance .............................................................................................. 6-4
Simple Troubleshooting ............................................................................................ 6-5
Advanced-level Troubleshooting ............................................................................... 6-6
Diagnostic Test ......................................................................................................... 6-8
LCD Test ................................................................................................................. 6-10
GPS Test................................................................................................................. 6-10
APPENDIX............................................................................................. AP-1
SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................. SP-1
INDEX ......................................................................................................IN-1
vi
FOREWORD
A Word to the Owner of the FR-8xx2 Marine Radar
FURUNO Electric Company thanks you for purchasing the FR-8xx2 series Color LCD Marine
Radar. We are confident you will discover why the FURUNO name has become synonymous with
quality and reliability.
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for quality and
reliability throughout the world. This dedication to excellence is furthered by our extensive global
network of agents and dealers.
Your equipment is designed and constructed to meet the rigorous demands of the marine environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless properly installed and
maintained. Please carefully read and follow the operation and maintenance procedures set forth
in this manual.
We would appreciate feedback from you, the end-user, about whether we are achieving our purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing FURUNO.
Features
The FR-8xx2 series display radar targets on a bright 12.1" color LCD. Operation is simplified with
the combination of discrete keys and trackball.
The main features are
• The FR-8xx2 series consists of the following models:
Model, output, range, antenna
Model
Output
Range
Radar Antenna,
Radiator Length
FR-8252
25 kW
96 nm
XN-12A (4ft) or
XN-13A (6 ft)
FR-8122
12 kW
72 nm
XN-12A (4ft) or
XN-13A (6 ft)
FR-8062
6 kW
72 nm
XN-12A (4ft) or
XN-13A (6 ft)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Bright 12.1" LCD visible even under direct sunlight
User-friendly operation with combination of discrete keys and trackball
Antenna speed may be automatically selected according to range (48 rpm motor only)
Built in Auto Plotter (ARP-11) optionally available
AIS data shown with connection of FURUNO AIS Transponder FA-150
User programmable function keys
One touch setup of major controls with custom setup feature
Echoes in yellow or green, or colors of red, yellow or green in order of descending strength
ix
FOREWORD
Notice
•
•
•
•
This manual is intended for use by native speakers of English.
No part of this manual may be copied or reproduced without written permission.
If this manual is lost or worn, contact your dealer about replacement.
The contents of this manual and equipment specifications are subject to change without
notice.
• The example screens (or illustrations) shown in this manual may not match the screens you
see on your display. The screen you see depends on your system configuration and equipment settings.
• FURUNO will assume no responsibility for the damage caused by improper use or modification of the equipment by an unauthorized dealer or a third party.
• Store this manual in a convenient place for future reference.
x
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
FR-8252
ANTENNA UNIT
RSB-0073-087-XN12A/XN13A
POWER SUPPLY UNIT
PSU-008
Auto Plotter
ARP-11
DISPLAY UNIT
RDP-150
(built in display unit)
Gyrocompass
RGB
Gyro
Converter
AD-100
100/110/
115/220/
230 VAC, 1φ
Rectifier
RU-3423
Heading Sensor
PG-1000
12-24 VDC
NMEA
Device
Remote
Display
NMEA
Device
Commerical Monitor*
(SVGA or better)
External
Buzzer
OP03-136
OR
Category of units
Antenna unit: Exposed to weather
All other units: Protected from weather
Remote
Controller
RCU-019
: Optional equipment
xi
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
FR-8122, FR-8062
ANTENNA UNIT
RSB-0070-085-XN12A: FR-8062
RSB-0073-085-XN12A/XN13A: FR-8062
RSB-0073-086-XN12A/XN13A: FR-8122
Auto Plotter
ARP-11
DISPLAY UNIT
RDP-150
(built in
display unit)
Gyrocompass
RGB
Gyro
Converter
AD-100
100/110/
115/220/
230 VAC, 1φ
Rectifier
RU-3423
Heading Sensor
PG-1000
12-24 VDC
NMEA
Device
Remote
Display
NMEA
Device
Commerical Monitor*
(SVGA or better)
External
Buzzer
OP03-136
OR
Category of units
Antenna unit: Exposed to weather
All other units: Protected from weather
xii
Remote
Controller
RCU-019
: Optional equipment
1.
OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1
Controls
1.1.1
Display unit
This radar is operated with the controls of the display unit (and the remote controller), which
includes 18 keys that are labeled with their functions, three knob controls and a trackball. When
you correctly execute an operation, the unit generates a beep. Invalid operation causes the unit
to emit several beeps.
No.
BRILL
Control
Description
GAIN
STBY
TX
PUSH AUTO/MAN
A/C SEA
MODE
CUSTOM
1
/BRILL
PUSH AUTO/MAN
A/C RAIN
PUSH AUTO/MAN
+
F1
RANGE
-
Momentary press: Turns power on; adjusts
brilliance.
Long press: Turns power off.
F2
ZOOM
OFF
CENTER
TARGET
ALARM
TRAILS
EBL
TLL
CANCEL
HL OFF
1
BRILL
Note: Hereafter this control is referred to as
“POWER/BRILL”.
VRM
MENU
ENTER
2
STBY/TX
Transmits radar pulses and places radar in
stand-by alternately.
3
MODE
Chooses presentation mode.
4
CUSTOM
Presets radar controls for one-touch set up of
radar.
5
RANGE
Chooses radar range.
6
ZOOM
Zooms chosen location (or target).
7
TARGET
ALARM
Sets target alarm, which watches for targets
entering (or exiting) an alarm zone.
8
EBL
Measures bearing to a target.
9
MENU
Opens/closes menu.
10
ENTER
Saves chosen menu option; acquires ARP target; chooses ARP or AIS target to display its
data.
11
GAIN
Adjusts the sensitivity of the radar receiver.
12
A/C SEA
Suppress sea clutter.
13
A/C RAIN
Suppresses rain clutter.
14, 15
F1, F2
Function keys providing instant call up of
desired function.
16
OFF CENTER Shifts display.
GAIN
2
STBY
TX
11
PUSH AUTO/MAN
3
A/C SEA
MODE
12
4
CUSTOM
PUSH AUTO/MAN
A/C RAIN
13
PUSH AUTO/MAN
+
5
RANGE
F1
14
F2
15
-
6
ZOOM
OFF
CENTER
16
7
TARGET
ALARM
TRAILS
17
8
EBL
VRM
18
17
TRAILS
Plots radar echo movement.
9
MENU
TLL
19
18
VRM
Measures range to a target.
ENTER
CANCEL
HL OFF
20
19
TLL
Outputs latitude and longitude position of a target to a navigation plotter or inscribes mark at
cursor location, or both the above.
20
CANCEL/
HL OFF
Temporarily erases heading line; cancels last
entry in menu operation; cancels tracking of
ARP target; removes data of selected ARP or
AIS target from data box; goes back one layer
in multilayer menu.
21
Trackball
Chooses menu items and options; shifts
cursor.
10
21
1-1
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1.2
Remote controller
The optional remote controller provides armchair control over transmit, standby, range and display
offcentering (30% in stern direction).
Offcenters display.
OFF
CENTER
STBY
TX
RANGE
Remote controller
1-2
Toggles STBY/TX.
Chooses range.
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.2
Turning the Radar On/Off, Transmitting
Press the POWER/BRILL key at the top of the control panel to turn the radar on, and the lamp to
its left lights. To turn the radar off, press and hold down the key until the screen turns black.
At power-up, the start-up screen appears, showing the model name, program number and the
results of the ROM and RAM check, OK or NG (No Good). If an NG appears, try pressing any key
other than the power key to proceed. If normal operation is not possible, contact your dealer for
advice.
12.1" COLOR LCD
MARINE RADAR
FR-8xx2
ROM: OK
Model name appears here.
RAM: OK
Program No. 0359226-xx.xx
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
Start-up screen
After the tests are completed, the bearing scale and a digital timer appear. The digital timer counts
down the time remaining to warm up the magnetron, which transmits the radar pulses. This warmup takes 180 sec. (FR-8252) or 90 sec. (FR-8062, FR-8122).
After the timer has counted down to 0:00, the STBY screen appears, the appearance of which you
may choose according to your needs. (For further details, see paragraph 1.41.2.) The radar is now
ready to transmit radar pulses. Press the STBY/TX key to transmit radar pulses.
The STBY/TX key toggles between stand-by and transmit status. The antenna rotates in transmit
condition and is stopped in standby. Because the magnetron ages with use it is highly recommended to set the radar in standby when it will not be required for an extended period of time, to
extend the life of the magnetron.
Quick start
Provided that the radar was once in use with the transmitter tube (magnetron) still warm, you can
get the radar into TRANSMIT condition without the warm-up. If the POWER/BRILL key was
turned off by mistake or the like and you wish to restart the radar promptly, turn on the POWER/
BRILL key not later than 10 seconds after power-off. This feature is not available with the
FR-8252.
1-3
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.3
Display Indications
Presentation mode
Auto adjustment of
rain and sea clutters
Range ring interval
Offcenter
(M: Manual, A: Auto)
Range
Pulse length
Custom setting name
Echo stretch (ES),
Echo averaging (EAV)
0.25
0.75
NM
SP
OFFCENTER(M)
H UP
HARBOR A/C AUTO
Heading
359.9° M
ES 1
EAV1
NR LOW
IR LOW
North Marker
TUNE AUTO
GAIN AUTO
SEA AUTO
RAIN AUTO
2ND ECHO
ZOOM
WATCH
Noise rejector (NR),
Interference rejector (IR)
TUNE indicator
GAIN indicator
A/C SEA indicator
A/C RAIN indicator
2nd echo rejector
Zoom
WATCHMAN
Target alarm zone 1
Origin mark
Dashed: relative
Solid: true
No. 2 EBL
Heading line
Bearing scale
No. 2 VRM
No. 1 VRM
No. 1 EBL
Range ring
Zoom cursor
Cursor
+
Zoom window
Target alarm zone 2
Trail reference
Trail time
No.1 EBL bearing
No. 2 EBL bearing
TRAILS (T)
15S
ALARM1_IN
ALARM2_OUT
EBL1>270.0°R<
EBL2
45.0°R
OWN LAT: 34°56.123 N CURSOR LAT: 34°56.123 N WAY
LON: 135°34.567 E POINT
SHIP LON: 135°34.567 E
TTG: 01:00
SPEED 12.3 kt
VRM1>0.425<NM
+ 242.8°R 2.782 NM
VRM2 0.220NM
Target alarm
indications
No. 1 VRM range
No. 2 VRM range
14.90 NM TEMP 12.3°C
202.4°
TTG: 00:20 DEPTH 56.7 m
Cursor data
(Range and bearing or L/L position)
Nav data: Appears at screen bottom when Data Box in the
Display sub menu is set to "Nav" or "All". Appropriate sensors
required to display nav data.
Display indications
Note
1-4
The screen configuration, chosen
during the installation, is available
in three types, “Sea”, “River” and
300
“IEC”, and the default configuration
270
is “Sea”. The majority of the
descriptions in this manual use the
240
“Sea” configuration. The major difference between the Sea, River
and IEC configurations is the effective display area - it is elliptical on Bearing scale for Sea and
River configurations
the Sea and River types and circular on the IEC type.
000
330
030
060
090
120
210
150
180
Bearing scale for
IEC configuration
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.4
Adjusting Display Brilliance, Panel Dimmer
The display brilliance and panel dimmer may be adjusted as follows:
1. Press the POWER/BRILL key momentarily to show the Brill/Panel dialog box.
Brill/Panel
W Min
Max X
Brill (1 - 15) 15
Panel (1 - 15) 15
[ENTER]: Select
[CANCEL/HL OFF]: Close
Brill/Panel dialog box
2. Press the ENTER key to choose Brill or Panel, whichever you wish to adjust.
3. Roll the trackball rightward or leftward to adjust. (For brilliance, you may also use the POWER/
BRILL key.)
4. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key to close the window.
1.5
Menu Overview
Less-often used functions are controlled through the menu, which consists of 15 menus and 5 sub
menus. Below is the basic procedure for menu operation.
1. Press the MENU key to display the menu.
Menu
Title bar*4
4
Cursor*
Arrow means
sub menus
present
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP*1
AIS*2
GPS*3
System
Currently selected menu
Echo
Auto Gain
Auto Sea
Auto Rain
Pulse Length
Echo Stretch
Echo Average
Noise Rejector
Interference Rejector
Auto Anti Clutter
Display-Dynamic
Display-Curve
Antenna Speed
2nd Echo Rejector
:Moderate
:Moderate
:Moderate
:Long
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Med
:Off
:Normal
:2
:48rpm
:Off
Menu items
and current
settings
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
Scroll bar
(Indicates menus not currently shown in menu window.
Black vertical line indicates location in menu.)
*1 Displayed if equipped with ARP Board.
*2 Displayed if radar is interfaced with AIS transponder.
*3 Dipslayed if radar is interfaced with GPS receiver.
*4 Title bar is currently controllable column is blue; selected cursor is
yellow. Title bar of inactive column is gray.
Menu
2. Roll the trackball to choose a menu or sub menu. As you roll the trackball, the yellow (highlight)
cursor in the Menu column indicates the menu currently selected and the menu items change
according to the menu selected.
1-5
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Menu description
Brill/Color: Choose colors; adjust range ring brilliance.
DIsplay: Control display functions.
Echo: Adjust radar echo.
Target Trails: Process target trails.
Mark: Process markers such as VRM and EBL.
Custom 1-Custom 3: One-touch set up for given navigation situation.
Tuning: Adjust radar tuning.
GPS Buoy: Set up GPS buoy display.
Target: Set up ARP and AIS targets.
ARP: Set up ARP display.
AIS: Set up AIS display.
GPS: Set up FURUNO GPS receiver interfaced with this radar.
System:
Initial: Initial settings.
Factory: System diagnostic and LCD test.
Installation: Items for installation. Not accessible by user.
Sector Blank 1, Sector Blank 2: Set up for preventing transmission in a certain area.
3. Press the ENTER key to switch control to the menu items column. At this time the cursor in the
menu column turns gray and the cursor in the menu items column is yellow, indicating that control is now with the menu items column.
To switch control between the menu column and menu items column, use the CANCEL/HL
OFF key. The color of the title bar of the active column is blue and the color of the title bar of
the inactive column is gray.
4. Roll the trackball to choose the menu item desired and press the ENTER key. A window with
options for the corresponding menu item appears. For example, the window below shows the
options for Color in the Target Trails menu.
Green
Red
Blue
White
Black
5. Roll the trackball upward or downward to choose appropriate option.
6. Press the ENTER key to save your selection. To close the window without saving, press the
CANCEL/HL OFF key (instead of the ENTER key).
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
Note
The menus on the IEC-type radar close automatically when there is no menu operation for 10 seconds, as per IEC regulations. The following menus and screens however are exempt from this rule: Alarm message, GPS self test, Satellite monitor,
Diagnostic, LCD pattern, tuning initial adjust and auto installation setup.
Menus do not close automatically in the “River” or “Sea” configuration.
1-6
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.6
Tuning
The radar receiver can be tuned automatically or manually, and the default tuning method is automatic. If you require manual tuning, do the following:
1. Use the RANGE key to choose the 48-mile range.
2. Press the MENU key to display the main menu.
3. Use the trackball to choose Tuning and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Tuning
Tuning Mode
Manual Tuning
:Auto
:2048
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
4. Use the trackball to choose Tuning Mode and press the ENTER key.
Auto
Manual
Tuning options
5. Choose Manual and press the ENTER key.
6. Choose Manual Tuning and push the ENTER key. The window shown below appears.
2048
(0-4095)
7. Roll the trackball upward or downward to adjust the tuning, watching the tuning bar at the top
right corner. The best tuning point is where the tuning bar swings maximum. The vertical bar
on the tuning bar shows tuning control position; not the tuning condition.
Tuning method (Manual)
TUNE MAN
Tuning bar
GAIN AUTO
SEA AUTO
RAIN AUTO
Tuning indicator
8. Push the ENTER key.
9. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-7
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.7
Presentation Modes
This radar has the following presentation modes:
Relative Motion (RM)
Head-up: Unstabilized display. Heading is at the top of the screen.
Course-up: Compass-stabilized relative to ship's orientation. The bearing scale rotates to place
ship’s heading (course set) at the screen top at the moment the course-up mode is selected.
North-up: Compass-stabilized with reference to north. Bearing scale is fixed.
True Motion (TM)
North-up: Ground or sea stabilized with compass and speed inputs. Own ship moves on the display. Landmasses and sea are fixed.
1.7.1
Choosing presentation mode
Press the MODE key consecutively to choose presentation mode desired. The presentation mode
in use appears at the top left corner on the screen.
Note
1.7.2
All modes except head-up require a heading signal, in AD-10 format or NMEA
format. If the heading signal is lost, the mode is changed to head-up and the north
marker disappears. Further, the heading readout shows XXX.X and the message
“GYRO” (AD-10 format data) or “NMEA-HEAD” (NMEA format data) appears in the
alarm message display. Restore gyro input and confirm bearing.
Description of presentation modes
Head-up mode
The head-up mode is a display in which the line connecting own ship and the top of the display indicates own
ship's heading.
The target pips are painted at their measured distances
and in their directions relative to own ship's heading.
Echoes (other than landmass) may be unstable if ship’s
yawing and turning are severe.
A short line on the bearing scale is the north marker, indicating heading sensor north.
1-8
North Marker
Heading Line
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Course-up mode
North Marker
Heading Line
The course-up mode is an azimuth stabilized display in which a line connecting the center with the
top of the display indicates own ship's intended
course (namely, own ship's previous heading just
before this mode has been selected).
Target pips are painted at their measured distances and in their directions relative to the
intended course, which is maintained at the 0degree position. The heading line moves in accordance with ship's yawing and course change. This
mode is useful to avoid smearing of picture during
course change.
North-up mode
North Marker
Heading Line
North Marker
Heading Line
The north-up mode paints target pips at their measured distances and in their true (heading sensor) directions from own
ship, north bearing maintained at the top of the screen. The
heading line changes its direction according to the ship's
heading.
True motion mode
Own ship and other moving objects move in accordance with
their true courses and speed. In ground stabilized TM, all
fixed targets, such as landmasses, appear as stationary
echoes.
When own ship reaches a point corresponding to 75% of the
radius of the display, own ship position is automatically reset
to a point of 75% radius opposite to the extension of the
heading line passing through the display center. You may
also reset the own ship symbol manually by pressing the OFF
CENTER key. The method of resetting is the same as mentioned above.
1-9
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Automatic resetting of own ship marker in true motion mode
North
marker
Heading
line
(a) True motion
is selected
1.8
(b) Own ship has reached a
point 75% of display radius
(c) Own ship is automatically
reset to 75% of radius
Choosing a Range Scale
The selected range scale, range ring interval and pulse length are shown at the upper left corner
on the screen. When a target of interest comes closer, reduce the range scale so that it appears
in 50-90% of the display radius.
Use the RANGE key to choose range desired. Hit the "+" part of the key to raise the range;
the "-" part to lower the range.
1-10
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.9
Choosing a Pulse Length
The pulse length in use appears at the top left position on the screen. Appropriate pulse lengths
are preset to individual range scales and custom setups. If you are not satisfied with the pulse
length setting on the 1.5 nm or 3 nm range, you may change it as below. Use a longer pulse when
your objective is long range detection, a shorter pulse when resolution is important.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Use the trackball to choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Echo
Auto Gain
Auto Sea
Auto Rain
Pulse Length
Echo Stretch
Echo Average
Noise Rejector
Interference Rejector
Auto Anti Clutter
DIsplay-Dynamic
DIsplay-Curve
Antenna Speed
2nd Echo Rejector
:Moderate
:Calm
:Calm
:Short
:1
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Normal
:1
:48rpm
:Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
3. Use the trackball to choose Pulse Length and press the ENTER key.
Short
Long
4. Choose Short or Long as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-11
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.10
Adjusting the Gain (sensitivity)
The gain functions to adjust the receiver sensitivity for the best reception of signals of widely
varying amplitudes.
1.10.1
Choosing gain adjustment method
Gain may be adjusted automatically or manually. Push the GAIN control to choose automatic or
manual adjustment alternately. The adjustment method currently chosen is show at the top right
corner of the screen. In the example below the gain adjustment method is “AUTO”.
TUNE AUTO
Gain adjustment method (AUTO)
GAIN AUTO
SEA AUTO
RAIN AUTO
Gain adjustment method indicator
1.10.2
Setting automatic gain level
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Auto Gain and press the ENTER key.
Rough
Moderate
Calm
4. Choose the option which best matches current sea condition and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu. Gain is automatically adjusted according to the level
selected.
1.10.3
Manual gain adjustment
Adjust the gain such that noise faintly appears over the entire screen. If the gain is too low weak
echoes will not be displayed and if the gain is too high, weak echoes will be hidden in background
noise.
1. Push the GAIN control to show “GAIN MAN” as the gain adjustment method.
2. Rotate the GAIN control to adjust the gain. Adjust the control so background noise is just visible
on the screen.
1-12
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.11
Suppressing Sea Clutter
Echoes from waves cover the central part of the display with random signals known as sea clutter.
The higher the waves, and the higher the antenna above the water, the further the clutter will
extend. When sea clutter masks the picture, use the A/C SEA control to suppress the clutter,
either manually or automatically.
1.11.1
Choosing sea clutter adjustment method
Push the A/C SEA control to choose automatic or manual adjustment alternately. The adjustment
method currently chosen is show at the top right corner of the screen. In the example below the
sea clutter adjustment method is “AUTO”.
TUNE AUTO
GAIN AUTO
A/C SEA adjustment method (AUTO)
SEA AUTO
RAIN AUTO
A/C SEA indicator
1.11.2
Setting automatic sea clutter suppression level
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Auto Sea and press the ENTER key.
Rough
Moderate
Calm
4. Choose the option which best matches current sea condition and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu. Sea clutter is automatically adjusted according to the
level selected.
1-13
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.11.3
Manual sea clutter adjustment
1. Push the A/C SEA control to show “SEA MAN” as the A/C SEA adjustment method.
2. Rotate the A/C SEA control to suppress sea clutter.
The proper setting of the A/C SEA control is such that the clutter is broken up into small dots, and
small targets become distinguishable. If the setting is set too low, targets will be hidden in the
clutter, while if the setting is too high, both sea clutter and targets will disappear from the display.
In most cases adjust the control until clutter has disappeared to leeward, but a little is still visible
windward.
Sea clutter at
screen center
A/C SEA control adjusted;
sea clutter suppressed
Appearance of sea clutter
1.12
Suppressing Rain Clutter
The vertical beamwidth of the antenna is designed to see surface targets even when the ship is
rolling. However, by this design the unit will also detect rain clutter (rain, snow, or hail) in the same
manner as normal targets.
The A/C RAIN control adjusts the receiver sensitivity as the A/C SEA control does but rather in a
longer time period (longer range). The higher the setting the greater the anti-clutter effect. When
echoes from precipitation mask solid targets, adjust the control to split up these unwanted echoes
into a speckled pattern, making recognition of solid targets easier.
1.12.1
Choosing rain clutter adjustment method
Rain clutter may be adjusted automatically or manually. Push the A/C RAIN control to choose
automatic or manual adjustment alternately. The adjustment method currently chosen is show at
the top right corner of the screen. In the example below the rain clutter adjustment method is
“AUTO.”
TUNE AUTO
GAIN AUTO
SEA AUTO
A/C RAIN adjustment method (AUTO)
A/C RAIN indicator
1-14
RAIN AUTO
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.12.2
Setting automatic rain clutter suppression level
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Auto Rain and press the ENTER key.
Rough
Moderate
Calm
4. Choose the option which best matches current sea condition and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu. Rain clutter is automatically adjusted according to the
level selected.
1.12.3
Manual rain clutter adjustment
1. Push the A/C RAIN control to show “RAIN MAN” as the A/C RAIN adjustment method.
2. Rotate the A/C RAIN control to suppress the rain clutter.
Rain clutter at
screen center
A/C RAIN control
adjusted
Appearance of rain clutter
1.13
Automatic Suppression of Sea and Rain Clutters
If neither sea clutter or rain clutter are sufficiently suppressed in spite of adjustment of respective
controls, turn on the automatic anti clutter feature to suppress them. A/C AUTO appears at the top
left corner when this feature is turned on.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Auto Anti Clutter and press the ENTER key.
Off
On
4. Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-15
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.14
Cursor
The cursor functions to find the range and bearing (default function) to a target or the latitude and
longitude position of a target. Roll the trackball to position the cursor and read the cursor data at
the screen bottom.
3
0.5
NM
+
Cursor
+ 110.1°R 2.525 NM
Cursor data
(latitutde and longitude
or range and bearing)
Cursor data
Cursor data
Cursor data can be shown as latitude and longitude or range and bearing from own ship to the
cursor. Position and heading bearing signal are required.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Mark menu and press the ENTER key
3. Choose Cursor Position and press the ENTER key.
Rng/Brg
Lat/Lon
4. Choose Brg/Rng or Lat/Long as appropriate and press the ENTER key. (Note that cursor latitude and longitude position cannot be displayed when nav data is displayed.)
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-16
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.15
Interference Rejector
Mutual radar interference may occur in the vicinity of another shipborne radar operating in the
same frequency band (9 GHz). It is seen on the screen as a number of bright spikes either in irregular patterns or in the form of usually curved spoke-like dotted lines extending from the center to
the edge of the picture. Activating the interference rejector circuit can reduce this type of interference.
Interference
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Interference Rejector and press the ENTER key.
Off
Low
Med
High
4. Choose Off, Low, Med or High as appropriate and press the ENTER key. High provides the
highest degree of interference rejection.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
Be sure to turn off the interference rejector when no interference exists, so as not to miss small
targets.
1-17
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.16
Measuring the Range to a Target
The range to a target may be measured three ways: with the fixed range rings, with the cursor (if
set to measure range and bearing), and with the VRM.
Use the fixed range rings to obtain a rough estimate of the range to a target. They are the concentric solid circles about own ship, or the sweep origin. The number of rings is automatically determined by the selected range scale and their interval is displayed at the upper-left position of the
screen. Count the number of rings between the center of the display and the target. Check the
range ring interval and judge the distance of the echo from the inner edge of the nearest ring.
1.16.1
Adjusting range ring brilliance
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Brill/Color menu and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Brill/Color
Range Rings Brill
Echo Color
Display Color
Background Color
:High
:Yellow
:Night
:Black/Green
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
3. Choose Range Rings Brill and press the ENTER key.
Off
Low
Med
High
4. Choose appropriate brilliance and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-18
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.16.2
Measuring range by the variable range marker (VRM)
There are two VRMs, No. 1 and No. 2, which appear as dashed rings so that you can discriminate
them from the fixed range rings. The two VRMs can be distinguished from each other by different
lengths of dashes.
1. Press the VRM key to display either of the VRMs. Successively pressing the VRM key toggles
the active VRM between No. 1 and No. 2. The currently active marker is enclosed with >.....<
in the VRM indication box.
2. Operate the Trackball to align the variable range marker with the inner edge of the target of
interest and read its distance at the lower-right corner of the screen. Each VRM remains at the
same geographical distance when you operate the RANGE key. This means that the apparent
radius of the VRM ring changes in proportion to the selected range scale.
3. You may “anchor” the VRM by choosing it and pressing the ENTER key.
4. To erase a VRM, make it active and press the CANCEL/HL OFF key.
Target
+
No. 1
VRM
No. 2
VRM
VRM1>0.007NM<
+ 37.4°R 0.007 NM
VRM2 0.140NM
VRM
indications
Measuring range and bearing between two targets with the EBL
1-19
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.16.3
Choosing VRM unit
The unit of measurement used by the VRM can be selected to nautical miles, kilometers, statute
miles or kiloyard. Note that the cursor range unit is also changed when the VRM unit is changed.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Mark menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose VRM Unit and press the ENTER key.
nm
km
sm
kyd
4. Choose desired unit and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.17
Measuring the Bearing to a Target
Use the Electronic Bearing Lines (EBLs) to take bearings of targets. There are two EBLs, No. 1
and No. 2. Each EBL is a straight dashed line extending out from the own ship position up to the
circumference of the radar picture. The fine dashed line is the No. 1 EBL and the coarse dashed
one is the No. 2 EBL.
1.17.1
Measuring the bearing with an EBL
1. Press the EBL key to display either of the EBLs. Successively pressing the EBL key toggles
the active EBL between No. 1 and No. 2. The currently active marker is enclosed with >.....< in
the EBL indication box.
2. Operate the Trackball to bisect the target of interest with the EBL and read its bearing at the
lower-left corner of the screen.
3. You may “anchor” an EBL by choosing it and pressing the ENTER key.
4. To erase an EBL, make it active and press the CANCEL/HL OFF key.
+
No. 2
EBL
No. 1
EBL
EBL
indications
EBL1>270.0°R<
EBL2 0.45.0°R
+ 45.0°R 0.338 NM
How to measure the bearing to a target with the EBL
1-20
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.17.2
EBL reference
The EBL readout is affixed by "R" (relative) if it is relative to own ship's heading, "T" (true) if it is
referenced to the north. You may choose relative or true in the head-up modes; in all other modes
it is always TRUE. True bearing requires a heading sensor.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Mark menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose EBL Reference and press the ENTER key.
Relative
True
4. Choose Relative or True as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.18
Measuring the Range and Bearing Between Two
Targets
You may shift the origin of the EBL to measure the range and bearing between two targets.
1. Press the EBL key to choose the
bearing indication of No. 1 EBL or No.
2 EBL (whichever you want to use).
(The currently active marker is
enclosed with >.....<).
2. Place the cursor on target A.
3. Press the OFFCENTER key to shift
the EBL origin to the location chosen
at step 2. Use the trackball to bisect
target B with the EBL.
4. Use the VRM key to display the VRM
having the same number as the EBL
activated at step 1.
5. Roll the trackball to set the VRM on
the inner edge of target B.
6. Read the bearing and range indications at the bottom of the screen.
To return the origin of an EBL to the
screen center, choose appropriate
EBL with the EBL key, press the OFFCENTER key followed by the ENTER
key. Pressing the OFFCENTER key
alone places the EBL origin at the
screen center and cursor location alternately.
No. 2
EBL
No. 1
EBL
No. 1
VRM
+Tgt B
Tgt A
EBL origin
EBL1
EBL2
>140.0°R<
335.2°R
Range/bearing
between targets A and B
No. 2
VRM
Tgt D
+
Tgt C
>0.500NM<
0.980NM
VRM1
VRM2
Range/bearing
between targets C and D
1-21
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.19
Target Alarm
The target alarm serves to alert the navigator to
targets (ships, landmasses, etc.) entering a set
area, with audio and visual alarms.
CAUTION
The alarm may be set to sound against targets
entering or exiting the zone. See paragraph 1.19.3.
1.19.1
Setting a target alarm
The procedure which follows shows you how to set
a target alarm, using the illustration below as an
example.
• The alarm should not be relied upon as
the sole means for detecting possible
collision situations.
• A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and GAIN controls
should be properly adjusted to be sure
the alarm system does not overlook
target echoes.
1. Press the TARGET ALARM key to activate ALARM 1 or ALARM 2 as appropriate.
2. Use the trackball to drag the cursor to the location “A” and press the ENTER key.
3. Drag the cursor to the location “B” and press the ENTER key.
3
Target alarm zone 1
(Length of dash
and interval longer
on alarm zone 2)
0.5
NM
A
+B
Cursor
+
ALARM1_IN
Alarm status
+ 110.1°R 2.525 NM
How to set a target alarm zone
Note
•If you wish to create a target alarm zone having a 360-degree coverage around own
ship, set point "B" in almost the same direction as point "A."
•When the target alarm zone is not within the range in use, the indication OUTRNG
replaces ALARM1(or 2)_IN(or OUT) in the alarm status area. In this case choose a
range which will display the target alarm zone.
1.19.2
Silencing the audio alarm
A target in the target alarm zone produces both visual (flashing) and audio (beep) alarms. To
silence the audio alarm, press any key. This will deactivate the audio alarm but will not stop the
flashing of the offending target.
1-22
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.19.3
Choosing alarm type
As noted earlier the target alarm may be set sound against targets entering or exiting the alarm.
Choose desired type as below.
Inward target alarm
Outward target alarm
In and Out alarms
1. Press the MENU key to shown the menu.
2. Choose the Mark menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Target Alarm 1 Mode or Target Alarm 2 Mode as appropriate and press the ENTER
key.
In
Out
4. Choose “In” to get the alarm on targets entering a target alarm zone or “Out” to alert you to targets exiting a target alarm zone.
5. Press the ENTER key followed by the MENU key.
1.19.4
Temporarily deactivating a target alarm
You may temporarily deactivate a target alarm when its use is not immediately required. The alarm
zone remains on the screen, however any targets entering (or exiting) it will not trigger the audio
and visual alarms.
1. Press the TARGET ALARM key to choose the ALARM1 or ALARM2 indication at the bottom
right corner on the screen. The selected indication is circumscribed with a rectangle.
2. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key. The alarm indication now shows ALARM1(or 2)_ACK.
To reactivate a temporarily deactivated target alarm, press the ENTER key with the alarm
zone displayed on the screen. The alarm indication then changes to ALARM1(or 2)_IN(or
OUT).
1.19.5
Deactivating a target alarm
1. Press the TARGET ALARM key to choose ALARM1 or ALARM2 indication at the bottom right
corner on the screen. The selected indication is circumscribed with a rectangle.
2. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key.
3. Press the TARGET ALARM key again, and a dashed rectangle circumscribes the alarm indication which now reads ALARM1(or 2)_ACK.
4. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key again. The target alarm zone and the alarm indication are
erased from the screen.
1-23
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.19.6
Choosing target strength which triggers target alarm
You may choose the target strength level which triggers the alarm as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Initial sub menu from the System menu and the press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Alarm Level and press the ENTER key.
Low
Med
High
4. Choose the echo strength level which you want to trigger the target alarm.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.20
Off Centering the Display
Own ship position, or sweep origin, can be displaced to expand the view field without switching to
a larger range scale.
The display may be off centered manually, or automatically according to ship’s speed. Press the
OFF CENTER key successively to choose desired off centering method or turn off centering, in
the sequence of manual, automatic, off. OFF CENTER(M) or OFFCENTER(A) appears at the top
left corner on the display when off centering is enabled. Note that off center is not available on the
96 nm range scale.
1.20.1
Automatic off center
The amount of automatic shift is calculated according to ship's speed, and the amount is limited
to 75% of the range in use. The formula for calculating automatic shift is shown below.
Ship's speed
X 0.75 = Amount of shift(%)
Shift speed setting
For example, if you set the shift speed setting for 15 knots and the ship is running at 10 knots the
amount of shift will be 50% of the effective display area.
Choosing speed to use
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Initial sub menu from the System menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Shift Speed and press the ENTER key.
15kt
(1kt-99kt)
4. Choose the speed to use and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-24
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Activating automatic off center
Press the OFF CENTER key to display OFF CENTER (A) at the top of the screen. Own ship position is placed at stern position. To cancel automatic shift press the key again.
1.20.2
Manual off center
The own ship position may be shifted to the cursor position on any mode, within 75% of the effective display area.
1. Place the cursor where you want locate to locate sweep origin.
2. Press the OFF CENTER key to show OFF CENTER (M) at the top of the screen.
3. To cancel shift, press the OFF CENTER key again.
1.21
Zoom
The zoom function enlarges an area of interest as large as twice the normal viewing size, in the
zoom window. You choose the target of interest to zoom with the zoom cursor and that target is
zoomed in the zoom window.
Three types of zoom are available: Relative, True and Target.
Relative: The zoom cursor moves relative to own ship.
True:
The zoom cursor is fixed at set geographical position.
Target: The zoom cursor is fixed to the zoomed AIS or ARP target.
1.21.1
How to zoom
1. Press the ZOOM key to turn on the zoom feature.
ZOOM appears at the top right hand corner of the screen and the zoom window and zoom
cursor in the effective display area. The zoom cursor is a dashed line square in case of true or
relative zoom mode or a solid line square in case of target zoom mode. The location of the
zoom window depends on the location of the zoom cursor. If the zoom cursor is on the left-half
of the screen, the zoom window is located at the right side of the screen and vice versa.
0.5
NM
3
ZOOM
Zoom cursor
(Dashed line
in relative or
true mode)
Zoom ON
(Dashed line
in case of True
or Relative mode)
+
+
Zoom
window
+ 180.1°R 2.121 NM
Zoom
1-25
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
2. Do one of the following depending on the zoom mode in use.
Relative or true zoom mode
1. Use the trackball to place the cursor where you want to zoom and press the ENTER key. The
zoom cursor is shown with solid lines and is fixed at the location chosen. Each press of the
ZOOM key enables or disables the zoom cursor. The zoom cursor is shown with dashed lines
when it is active and solid lines when it is inactive.
2. To quit zoom, press the ZOOM key to show the zoom cursor with dashed lines and press the
CANCEL/HL OFF key.
Target zoom mode
The zoom cursor is interlinked with zoomed ARP or AIS target. The zoomed ARP or AIS target
corresponds to the data last-displayed in the data box at the bottom of the display. To quit target
zoom, press the ZOOM key again.
If neither ARP nor AIS target exists, the message NO TARGET appears. Press any
key to erase the message.
Note
1.21.2
Zoom mode
You may choose the zoom mode from among Relative, True or Target.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Display menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Zoom Mode and press the ENTER key.
Relative
True
Target
4. Choose the appropriate option and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-26
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.22
Echo Stretch
The echo stretch feature enlarges targets in the range and bearing directions to make them easier
to see, and is available on any range. There are three levels of echo stretch as shown in the table
below.
Echo stretch settings
ES
Setting
Range
Bearing
1
Stretched to two dots
An echo is stretched to three dots if its size is
less than three dots. If its size is larger than
three dots it is not stretched.
2
Stretched to three dots
An echo is stretched to four dots if its size is
less than four dots. If its size is larger than four
dots it is not stretched.
3
Stretched to three dots
An echo is stretched toy five dots if its size is
less than five dots. If its size is larger than five
dots it is not stretched.
Note
The echo stretch magnifies not only small target pips but also returns (clutter) from
sea surface, rain and radar interference. For this reason, make sure those types of
interference have been sufficiently suppressed before activating the echo stretch.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Echo Stretch and press the ENTER key.
Off
1
2
3
4. Choose the appropriate echo stretch option and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-27
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.23
Echo Averaging
To distinguish real target echoes from sea clutter, echoes are averaged over successive picture
frames. If an echo is solid and stable, it is presented in its normal intensity. Sea clutter is averaged
over successive scans resulting in reduced brilliance, making it easier to discriminate real targets
from sea clutter.
Note
•Do not use the echo average function under heavy pitching and rolling; loss of target
detection can result.
•This feature requires a heading signal. When the signal becomes lost, echo average
is automatically disabled.
To properly use the echo average function, it is recommended to first suppress sea clutter with
the A/C SEA control. Then, do as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Echo Average and press the ENTER key.
Off
1
2
3
4. Choose the appropriate echo averaging option and press the ENTER key.
Off: Disable echo average.
1: Distinguish targets from sea clutter and suppress brilliance of unstable echoes.
2: Effective against sea clutter which cannot be reduced with setting 1.
3: Stably display distant, unstable targets.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu. The chosen echo average (EAV1, EAV2 or EAV3)
appears at the top left corner of the display.
1-28
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.24
Target Trails
The trails of the radar targets may be displayed in the form of synthetic afterglow. Target trails are
chosen either relative or true. True motion trails require a heading bearing signal and position
data.
1.24.1
Starting, stopping trails
1. Press the TRAILS key to start trails and choose trail time. The chosen time, along with trail
mode, is shown at the bottom left corner as shown in the figure below. Trail time is available
among 15 s, 30 s, 1 min., 3 min., 6 min., 15 min., and 30 min., and CONTINUOUS. (If 12 H or
24 is selected for Length on the Target Trails menu, one of those times plus CONTINUOUS
are the choices.)
Trail Mode (T, True, R, Relative)
Trail Time
TRAILS (T)
15S
Trail indications
2. To change trail time, press the TRAILS key to choose desired trail time. The longer the trail
time, the longer the trail itself. The trial time selectable with the TRAILS key changes according
to trail length setting on the menu. For further details, see paragraph 1.24.10.
Note
•To erase trails, press and hold down the TRAILS key until a beep sounds. Alternatively, execute All Cancel on the Trails menu.
•To disable trails, press and hold down the TRAILS key several times until the trail
indications and trails are erased from the display.
1-29
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.24.2
Trail mode
You may display echo trails in true or relative motion. Relative trails show relative movements
between targets and own ship. True motion trails present true target movements in accordance
with their over-the-ground speeds and course, and require a gyrocompass signal and own ship
speed input.
(a) True target trails
(No smearing of
stationary targets)
(b) Relative target trails
(Targets moving relative
to own ship)
To choose trail mode, do the following:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Target Trails
Gradation
Color
Mode
Level
Length
Time
Copy
Restart
Narrow
Own Ship
All Cancel
:Multi
:Green
:Relative
:2
:24H
:12h:00m
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
3. Choose Mode and press the ENTER key.
Relative
True
4. Choose the appropriate mode and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-30
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.24.3
Trail gradation
Trails may be shown in single or multiple gradation. Multiple gradation provides gradual shading
over time. This feature is available when Length on the Target Trails menu is set to Normal.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Trail Gradation and press the ENTER key.
Single
Multi
4. Choose Single or Multi and press the ENTER key.
Single
(Monotone shading)
Multiple
(Gradual shading)
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.24.4
Trail color
You may choose the color in which to paint trails. This feature is available when Length on the
Target Trails menu is set to Normal.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Color and press the ENTER key.
Green
Red
Blue
White
Black
4. Choose the appropriate color and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.24.5
Trail level
You may choose which target strength for which to generate trails.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Level and press the ENTER key.
1
2
3
4. Choose 1, 2 or 3 as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
1: Trails generated for all targets (including weak ones), 2: Normal usage, 3: Trails generated
for strong targets only
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-31
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.24.6
Trail copy
The trail copy feature, which is turned on in the default setting, lets you continue tracing target
trails when switching to a range twice as large or up to half the current range. (If the newly selected
range is out of those limits, trails are cleared from the screen and then restarted.) When trail copy
is turned off, trails are erased and restarted whenever the range is changed.
Copied trail picture
Before changing range
After changing range
How trail copy works
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Copy and press the ENTER key.
Off
On
4. Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.24.7
Narrow trails
Target trails may be painted in thinner trails if desired. This can be useful when there are a lot of
targets on the screen.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the MENU key to open the menu.
Choose the Target Trails menu and press the ENTER key.
Choose Narrow and press the ENTER key.
Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.24.8
Own ship trail
You may show own ship’s trail as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the MENU key to open the menu.
Choose Own Ship and press the ENTER key.
Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-32
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.24.9
Restarting trails
When the range is changed while the trail feature is active, trails within the former range scale may
stopped and restarted. The relationship between trail restart and trail copy is shown in the table
below.
Restart feature
Trail copy feature
Action
Off
On or Off
Range switched to adjacent range scale
All trails are erased when range is changed. Trails are
not restarted.
Return to previous range scale
Previous trails are displayed and are continued.
On
On
Range switched to adjacent range scale
Previous trails remain on the display and are continued.
Return to previous range scale
Previous trails are displayed and are continued.
Off
Range switched to adjacent range scale
Trails are restarted.
Return to previous range scale
Trails are restarted.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the MENU key to open the menu.
Choose Restart and press the ENTER key.
Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.24.10 Trail length
Several preset trail lengths (times) are programmed for the TRAILS key for your convenience.
Standard trail times: 15 s, 30 s, 1 min, 3 min, 6 min, 15 min, 30 min, continuous
12H and 24 times: Long trail settings, continuous
If you prefer a different time you may set it as below.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target Trails and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Length and press the ENTER key.
Normal
12H
24H
4. Choose Normal, 12H or 24H as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Normal: Use times programmed for the TRAILS key.
12H: Continuous trail from 30 minutes to 12 hours, in increments of 30 minutes.
24H: Continuous trail from one hour to 24 hours, in increments of one hour.
For Normal, go to step 7. For 12H or 24H, go to the next step.
1-33
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
5. Choose Time and press the ENTER key.
12h:00m
12h:00m
(00h:30m-12h:00m)
(01h:00m-24h:00m)
12 hour
24 hour
6. Roll the trackball upward or downward as appropriate to set time and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.25
Parallel Index Lines
Parallel index lines are useful for keeping a constant distance between own ship and a coastline
or a partner ship when navigating. You may control the orientation and line interval.
Index
lines
Parallel index lines
1.25.1
Turning parallel index lines on or off
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose Mark and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Parallel Line and press the ENTER key.
Off
2
3
6
4. Choose the number of parallel index lines to show (2, 3 or 6) or choose Off to turn off the lines.
(The actual number of lines visible may be less depending on line interval.)
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.25.2
1.
2.
3.
4.
Adjusting parallel index line orientation and interval
Press the EBL key to activate the No. 2 EBL.
Roll the trackball to adjust the orientation of the lines.
Press the VRM key to activate the No. 2 VRM.
Roll the trackball to adjust the interval between lines.
1-34
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.25.3
Parallel index lines mode
You may choose the index line orientation against the No. 2 EBL (dashed line) for parallel or vertical as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Mark and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Parallel Line Mode and press the ENTER key.
Parallel
Vertical
4. Choose Parallel or Vertical as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Vertical
Parallel
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.26
Outputting Target Position, Inscribing Origin
Mark
The TLL key functions to both output cursor position to external equipment such as a navigation
plotter (where it is marked on its screen) and inscribe an asterisk (*) at cursor position on the radar.
Twenty marks may be inscribed on the screen. When you enter a 21st mark, the eldest mark is
erased to make room for the latest. To erase a mark, place the cursor on it and press the
CANCEL/HL OFF key.
1.26.1
TLL key mode
The TLL key can be preset to output target position, inscribe the origin mark or do both.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Mark and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose TLL Key Mode and press the ENTER key.
TLL Output
Origin Mark
Both
4. Choose TLL Output, Origin Mark or Both as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
TLL Output: Cursor Lat/Lon output to plotter (heading signal and position data required)
Origin Mark: Origin mark is inscribed at cursor position.
Both: Origin mark is entered and that position is output to a navigator.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-35
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.26.2
Origin mark mode
You may choose how the origin mark moves on the screen from either True or Relative.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Mark and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Origin Mark Mode and press the ENTER key.
Relative
True
4. Choose Relative or True as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
The asterisk mark is dashed in relative motion; solid in true motion.
1.27
Temporarily Hiding the Heading Line
The heading line indicates the ship's heading in all presentation modes. The heading line is a line
from the own ship position to the outer edge of the radar display area and appears at zero degrees
on the bearing scale in head-up mode; it changes the orientation depending on the ship orientation
in north-up and true motion modes and when course is changed in the course-up mode.
To temporarily hide the heading line (and any other marker present) to look at targets existing
dead ahead of own ship, press and hold down the CANCEL/HL OFF key. To re-display the
heading line, release the key.
1.28
Custom Setup
1.28.1
About custom setup
Every time your navigating environment or task changes, you must adjust the radar, which can be
a nuisance in a busy situation. Instead of changing radar settings case by case, it is possible to
assign the CUSTOM key to provide optimum settings for often encountered situations.
The radar's internal computer offers three default custom setups (see the table below). However,
you may customize these settings to meet your navigation needs, on the Custom 1, Custom 2 and
Custom 3 menus.
To enable a custom setup, press the CUSTOM key. Each press of the key enables Custom1,
Custom2 or Custom3 cyclically. (Custom setup numbers which are turned off will be skipped.) The
chosen custom setup name is shown at the top left corner. To escape from custom setup, operate
any control.
1-36
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.28.2
Description of custom setup items
Description of custom setup items
Menu item
Available settings
See para., page
Custom 1, 2 or 3
Turn respective custom program on/off.
Copy
Copy settings from the Echo menu.
Name
Choose name of custom setup among harbor, long, sea,
rain, buoy, and bird.
Gain
Rough, Moderate, Calm: Automatic gain adjustment
according to sea state.
Manual: Manual adjustment
1.10, 1-12
Sea
Rough, Moderate, Calm: Automatic sea clutter adjustment according to sea state.
Manual: Manual adjustment
1.11, 1-13
Rain
Rough, Moderate, Calm: Automatic rain clutter adjustment according to sea state.
Manual: Manual adjustment
1.12, 1-14
Pulse length
Short or Long, selectable on 1.5 and 3 nm ranges.
1.9, 1-11
Echo stretch
Off, 1, 2, 3
1.22, 1-27
Echo average
Off, 1, 2, 3
1.23, 1-28
Noise rejector
Off, Low, Med, High
1.30, 1-40
Interference rejector
Off, Low, Med, High
1.15, 1-17
Auto anti-clutter
Off, On
1.13, 1-15
Display-dynamic
Narrow: See small targets located on near ranges
Normal: Normal use
Wide: Suppress unwanted reflections
1.35, 1-45
Display-curve
1: Suppress unwanted reflections
2: Normal use
3: See small targets located on near ranges
1.36, 1-45
Antenna speed
24 rpm, 36 rpm, 48 rpm, Auto/Range
1.37, 1-46
1-37
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.28.3
Setting custom setups
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose Custom 1, Custom 2 or Custom 3 as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Custom 1
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Custom 1
Copy
Name
Gain
Sea
Rain
Pulse Length
Echo Stretch
Echo Average
Noise Rejector
Interference Rejector
Auto Anti Clutter
DIsplay-Dynamic
:On
:Harbor
:Moderate
:Calm
:Calm
:Short
:1
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Off
:Normal
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
3. Choose Name and press the ENTER key to display the options shown right.
4. Choose the name which best matches your desired objective and press the
ENTER key.
5. Set other menu items as appropriate.
Note: For easy set up, you can copy the settings of the Echo menu (to Custom
1, Custom 2, Custom 3). Choose Copy and press the ENTER key. The message
"Complete" appears upon completion of copying.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
Harbor
Long
Sea
Rain
Buoy
Bird
Sample custom setups
Menu item
Application
Name
Harbor
Long
Sea
Rain
Buoy
Bird
Gain
Moderate
Rough
Calm
Calm
Moderate
Rough
Sea
Calm
Calm
Moderate
Moderate
Calm
Calm
Rain
Calm
Calm
Moderate
Moderate
Calm
Calm
Pulse length
Short
Long
Short
Short
Short
Long
Echo stretch
Off
2
Off
Off
1
2
Echo average
Off
3
1
1 or 2
1 or 2
3
Noise rejector
Off
Low
Off
Off
Off
Low
Int. rejector
High
High
High
Medium
Medium
Medium
Auto anti-clutter
Off
Off
On
On
Off
Off
Display-dynamic Narrow
Narrow
Wide
Wide
Normal
Narrow
Display-curve
2
2
2
2
2
2
Antenna speed
48 rpm
24 rpm
24 rpm
24 rpm
24 rpm
24 rpm
1-38
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.29
Programming Function Keys (F1 and F2 keys)
Many functions are provided in the menu. To avoid opening the menus to set up the radar for a
particular situation, you may program a function key, F1 and F2, to provide one-touch access to
a desired function.
Function key operation
To activate a function, simply press the appropriate function key, F1 or F2. Push the same function
key again to display appropriate option and press the ENTER key.
The default programs are F1, Echo Average, F2, Auto Anti Clutter.
Changing function key program
To change function key program, do the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the MENU key to show the menu.
Choose Display and press the ENTER key.
Choose Function 1 Setup or Function 2 Setup as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Choose desired function from the list and press the ENTER key. Below are the functions available.
Range Rings Brill
Antenna Speed
Echo Color
2nd Echo Rejector
Display Color
Trails-Gradation
Background Color
Trails-Color
Echo Area
Trails-Mode
Watchman Time
Trails-Level
Data Box
Trails-Length
Zoom Mode
Trails-Copy
STBY Mode Display Trails-Restart
Auto Gain
Trails-Narrow
Auto Sea
Trails-Own Ship
Auto Rain
Waypoint Mark Display
Tuning Mode
Origin Mark Mode
Pulse Length
TLL Key Mode
Echo Stretch
Parallel Line
Echo Average
Parallel Line Mode
Noise Rejector
EBL Reference
Interference Rejector VRM Unit
Auto Anti Clutter
Cursor Position
Display-Dynamic
Target Alarm 1 Mode
Display-Curve
Target Alarm 2 Mode
GPS Buoy-Display
GPS Buoy-Symbol Color
GPS Buoy-History Dots
Vector Time
Vector Reference
History Dots
History Intervals
CPA
TCPA
Proximity Alarm
ARP-Display
ARP-Symbol Color
ARP-Auto Acquire
AIS-Display
AIS-Symbol Color
AIS-Sort By
GPS-Mode
GPS-Datum
GPS-WAAS
Function list
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-39
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.30
Noise Rejector
White noise may show itself on the screen as random "speckles" spread over the entire display.
You can suppress this noise as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose Echo and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Noise Rejector and press the ENTER key.
Off
Low
Med
High
4. Choose Off, Low, Med or High as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.31
Suppressing Second-trace Echoes
In certain situations, echoes from very distance targets may appear as false echoes (second-trace
echoes) on the screen. This occurs when the return echo is received one transmission cycle later,
or after a next radar pulse has been transmitted.
Tx repetition
Second-trace
echo
False echo
range
Actual range
How 2nd trace echoes are produced
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the MENU key to show the menu.
Choose Echo and press the ENTER key.
Choose 2nd Echo Rejector and press the ENTER key.
Choose On or Off as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-40
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.32
Watchman
The Watchman feature transmits for one minute at the elapse of the chosen time interval to help
you keep regular watch of the radar picture for safety or other purposes.
Tx
1 min
Watchman
starts
ST-BY
*
5,10 or 20 min.
*
Tx
ST-BY
1 min.
5,10 or 20 min.
* Beep emitted just before radar transmits.
How watchman works
In standby condition, the timer below the WATCH label at the upper right corner of the screen
counts down the time remaining until transmission. When the preset time interval has elapsed, the
audio alarm sounds, the timer disappears and the radar transmits for one minute. After one
minute, the watch alarm timer begins the countdown sequence again.
If you press the STBY/TX key before the preset time interval has elapsed, the radar goes into
standby.
Do the following to activate Watchman:
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose DIsplay and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Watchman and press the ENTER key.
Off
5 min
10 min
20 min
4. Choose Off or appropriate time (5, 10 or 20 min) and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-41
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.33
Color Schemes
1.33.1
Preset color schemes
Preset color schemes are provided for optimum viewing in daytime, nighttime and twilight. Below
are the default color settings for each preset color scheme.
Display item, color scheme and color
DIsplay item
Text
Range rings
Echo
Background
Day
Black
Green
Yellow
White
Night
Red
Red
Green
Black
Twilight
Green
Green
Green
Blue
User
Green
Green
Yellow
Black
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose Brill/Color and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Display Color and press the ENTER key.
Day
Night
Twilight
User
4. Choose a color scheme and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.33.2
User color scheme
The user color scheme lets you choose desired echo color and background color. The display
color must be set for “User” (see paragraph 1.33.1) to use user chosen echo and background
colors.
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose Brill/Color and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Echo Color and press the ENTER key.
Yellow
Green
Multi
4. Choose appropriate option and press the ENTER key. “Multi” displays echoes in colors of red,
yellow and green according to echo strength, and it is not available in the IEC mode.
5. Choose Background Color and press the ENTER key.
Black/Green
Black/Red
Blue/White
DK Blue/White
White/Green
6. Choose background color desired and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-42
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.34
Navigation Data
1.34.1
Navigation data during standby
Navigation data is shown in standby when STBY Mode Display in the Initial Menu is set to “Nav”.
Appropriate sensors required to display data.
Cross-track
error
Time until Tx in watchman
(Displayed when watchman is active.)
Heading
XTE
Waypoint
Flashes if
vessel goes
outside display
bearing.
Own ship marker
Fixed regardless
of ship's movement.
←9.99nm
W
359.9°
NNW
NW
STBY
NNE
N
SPEED
COURSE
12.9 kts
Speed
NE
Standby indication
E
359.9°
Heading indicator
Graphic appears even
if bearing signal is lost,
however the compass
point indications do not
appear.
Course
TIME
DATE
Date
<WATCH> 19:59
HEADING
23 : 59 : 59
24/JAN/2006
Time
POSITION
LAT
90° 00.000 N
LON
180° 00.000 E
Position
DEPTH
30(min) 20
40.3 (m)
10
0
WIND
65.3 (kt)
45.0° (R)
TEMP
18.3(°C)
N
30
20
20
40
10
60
Depth
0
(min)
20
30
80
Wind speed
and direction
10
Water
temperature
Navigation data display at standby
1-43
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Depth and water temperature graphs
These graphs display the latest 30 minutes of respective data. The horizontal axis scale is fixed
and data is plotted at intervals of 10 seconds. The vertical axis scale is adjusted automatically for
every 30 minutes of data. The unit of measurement may be chosen on the Initial sub menu in the
System menu.
Wind graph
WInd direction reference may be chosen (on the Initial sub menu) from True or Apparent.
Apparent wind is the direction (in relation to ship’s bow) and speed of the wind as it appears to
those on board, relative to the speed and direction of the boat; combination of the true wind and
the wind caused by the boat's movement. True wind is the speed and direction (in relation to
ship’s bow) of the wind felt or measured when stationary.
1.34.2
Navigation data at the bottom of the screen
Navigation data may be displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Range from own ship to waypoint
Bearing from own ship to waypoint
Time to go from own ship position to waypoint
OWN LAT: 34°56.123 N CURSOR LAT: 34°56.123 N WAY
SHIP LON: 135°34.567 E
LON: 135°34.567 E POINT
SPEED 12.3 kt
TTG: 01:00
Own ship
position and
speed
14.80 NM
TEMP 12.3°C
202.2°
TTG: 00:20 DEPTH 56.7 m
Cursor latitude position
Cursor longitude position
Time to go to cursor position
Navigation data
To show navigation data at the bottom of the screen, do the following:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Display menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Data Box and press the ENTER key.
Off
Nav
Target
All
4. Choose appropriate option and press the ENTER key.
Off: Turn data display off.
Nav: Navigation data
Target: ARP and AIS target data
All: Navigation data plus ARP and AIS target data
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-44
Water temperature,
Depth
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.35
Dynamic Range
You may change the dynamic range to cope with sea conditions or get a better view at a certain
target.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Display-Dynamic and press the ENTER key.
Narrow
Normal
Wide
4. Choose Narrow, Normal or Wide as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Narrow: See small targets located on near ranges.
Normal: Normal use
Wide: Suppress unwanted reflections
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.36
Characteristics Curve
The characteristics curve of this radar may be changed to cope with sea conditions or get a better
view at a certain target.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Display-Curve and press the ENTER key.
1
2
3
4. Choose 1 or 2(Exponential) or 3(Logarithm) as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
1: Suppress unwanted reflections
2: Normal use
3: See small targets on near ranges.
3
2
1
Display echo
level
Input level
Display curve
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-45
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.37
Antenna Speed
The antenna speed may be changed to meet operating requirements. Choose a high speed when
cruising at high speed to ensure timely update of radar targets. Note that the speed cannot be
changed on the 24 rpm motor; it is fixed at 24 rpm.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Echo menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Antenna Speed and press the ENTER key.
24rpm
36rpm
48rpm
Auto/Range
4. Choose appropriate antenna speed. Auto/Range automatically changes antenna speed
according to range.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.38
Waypoint Marker
The waypoint marker shows the location of the destination waypoint set on a navigation plotter.
You can turn this mark on or off as follows:
3
0.5
NM
Waypoint
marker
+
+ 110.1°R 2.525 NM
Waypoint mark
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press the MENU key to open the menu.
Choose Mark and press the ENTER key.
Choose Waypoint Mark Display and press the ENTER key.
Choose On or Off as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-46
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.39
Alarm Message Display
When trouble occurs the radar generates audio and visual (alarm message display) alarms to alert
you. The alarm message display shows all alarms currently violated. You may show this display
as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Display menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Alarm Message and press the ENTER key.
Alarm Message
[SIGNAL MISSING] TRIGGER HEADING BEARING GYRO VIDEO POSITION NMEA-HEAD
[TARGET ALARM1] IN OUT
[TARGET ALARM2] IN OUT
[ARP ALARM] COLLISION LOST TARGET-FULL PROXIMITY
[AIS ALARM] COLLISION PROXIMITY
[AIS SYSTEM] TX ANT CH1 CH2 CH70 FAIL MKD
EPFS L/L SOG COG HDG ROT
<PLEASE PUSH ANY KEY - - TO STOP ALARM AND CLOSE THIS WINDOW>
Alarm message display
To close the alarm message display, press any key.
List of alarm messages
List of alarm messages
Alarm category
Alarm name
Signal missing
BEARING
Bearing signal lost
GYRO
AD-10 format gyro signal lost
HEADING
Heading signal lost
NMEA-HEAD
NMEA format heading signal lost
POSITION
NMEA format position data lost
TRIGGER
Trigger signal lost
VIDEO
Video signal lost
Target alarm
IN
An echo has entered a target alarm zone.
OUT
An echo has exited a target alarm zone.
ARP alarm
COLLISION
CPA and TCPA of an ARP target is less than CPA and TCPA alarm
settings.
LOST
Acquired ARP target becomes lost.
PROXIMITY
The range to an ARP target is less than the user-set proximity
alarm range.
1-47
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
List of alarm messages
Alarm category
Alarm name
AIS alarm
COLLISION
CPA and TCPA of an AIS target is less than CPA and TCPA alarm
settings.
PROXIMITY
The range to an AIS target is less than the user-set proximity
alarm range.
AIS system
ANT
Antenna VSWR trouble
CH1
TDM2 RX1 board trouble
CH2
TDM2 RX2 board trouble
CH70
X channel 70 trouble
COG
Course data lost
FAIL
System failure
EPFS
Navigator (GPS, etc.) trouble
HDG
Heading data lost
L/L
Position data lost
MKD
Minimum input device lost
ROT
Rate of turn data lost
SOG
Speed data lost
TX
TX stopped or TX error
1-48
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.40
Echo Area
The effective display area can be either ellipsis or square shaped.
Area in which echoes are displayed
Data Display
Ellipse
Data Display
Square
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose the Display menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Echo Area and press the ENTER key.
Ellipse
Square
4. Choose appropriate configuration and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-49
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.41
Customizing (Initial Menu)
The Initial sub menu in the System menu contains items which allow you to customize your radar
to meet your operational needs.
1.41.1
Opening the Initial menu
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Roll the trackball to choose System followed by Initial and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Initial
Factory
Installation
Initial
Key Beep
Range Unit
Alarm Level
Antenna Rotation
Shift Speed
STBY Mode Display
Bearing Source
Range Preset
Ship Speed Unit
Depth Unit
Temperature Unit
Wind Direction
Wind Speed Unit
: On
: nm
: Med
: Rotate
: 15 kt
: Normal
: True
: kt
: ft
: °F
: Apparent
: kt
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
Initial menu
1.41.2
Description of Initial sub menu
Key Beep: A beep sounds when a key are pressed. You may turn this beep on or off.
Range Unit: Range may be shown in nm, km or sm.
Alarm Level: The target alarm may be set to sound against weak, medium or strong echoes.
Antenna Rotation: “Rotate,” the default setting, stops transmission when the antenna is not
rotating. “Stop” transmits radar pulses without rotating the antenna.
Shift Speed: Set the ship’s speed to use calculate amount of display shift. The setting range is 199 (kts).
STBY Mode Display: Set the function of the radar in standby.
Normal: Display “STBY” at the screen center.
Nav: Display navigation data.
Economy: Extinguish the backlight of the LCD. The radar must be switched from TX to ST-BY
to activate this mode.
Bearing Source: Choose the type of bearing sensor connected to the radar; True (gyrocompass,
satellite compass) or Magnetic (magnetic compass).
1-50
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
Range Preset: You may choose the radar ranges you wish to use. Choose a range and press the
ENTER key to turn that range on or off alternately. At least two ranges must be turned on. The
maximum range available depends on radar model. Note that 0.125 is not available in kilometers.
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
12
16
24
36
48
64
72
96*
Exit?
On
On
On
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
On
Yes
nautical miles
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
12
16
24
36
48
64
72
96
Exit?
On
On
On
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
On
Yes
kilometers
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
12
16
24
36
48
64
72
96*
Exit?
On
On
On
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
On
On
Yes
* FR-8252 only
statute miles
Available ranges
Ship Speed Unit: The ship’s speed unit may be selected to knots (kts), kilometers/hour (km/h) or
miles per hour (mph).
Depth Unit: The depth unit is available in meters (m), feet (ft), fathoms (fa), passi/braza (p/b) or
Hiro (hr).
Temperature Unit: Temperature may be displayed in °C (Celsius) or °F (Fahrenheit).
Wind Direction: Wind direction may be shown as True or Apparent. For further details, see paragraph 1.34.1.
Wind Speed Unit: Wind speed may be shown in knots (kts), kilometers per hour (km/h), miles per
hour (mph) or meters/second (m/s).
Port 1: Set the baud rate of the equipment connected to Port1. “Auto” provides automatic detection of baud rate, for external equipment’s whose baud rate is 4800 or 38400 (bps).
Port 2: Same function as Port1 but for Port2.
Through Output: Data input to port 1 may be output from port 2. Choose “On” to use this feature.
1-51
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.42
Sector Blank
It may be necessary to prevent transmission in a certain area to protect passengers and crew from
microwave radiation. For example, if the antenna unit is installed at a close distance in front of the
wheel house you would want to prevent transmission in that area. Two sectors can be set.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Sector Blank 1 or Sector Blank 2 from the System menu and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Initial
Factory
Installation
Sector Blank 1
Sector Blank 2
Sector Blank 1
Sector Status
Sector Start
Sector Area
: Off
: 0°
: 0°
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
3. Choose Sector Status and press the ENTER key.
Off
On
4. Choose On and press the ENTER key.
5. Choose Sector Start and press the ENTER key.
S
0°
T
(0° - 359°)
6. Roll the trackball upward or downward to set the starting point of the sector and press the
ENTER key.
7. Choose Sector Area and press the ENTER key.
S
0°
T
(0° - 180°)
1-52
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
8. Roll the trackball upward or downward to set the width of the sector and press the ENTER key.
Note: The combined width of sector 1 and sector 2 may not exceed 270 degrees.
9. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
As shown in the illustration below, dashed lines mark the starting and ending points of the
sector and two dashed arcs run the width of the sector.
+
Area of no
transmission
+ 96.8°R 0.338 NM
Start bearing
of area
Appearance of sector blank
1-53
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.43
GPS Buoy
With connection of a GPS radio buoy locator, GPS buoy position can be monitored on the radar
screen. One application of a GPS buoy is to tether it to a fishing net to monitor net position on the
radar screen. Up to five buoys may be shown.
+
GPS buoy no.
01
GPS buoy
02
GPS buoy's
track
+ 96.8°R 0.338 NM
GPS buoy symbols
1.43.1
Displaying GPS buoys
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS Buoy and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
GPS Buoy
Display
Symbol Color
History Dots
All Cancel
:Off
:Green
:Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
GPS buoy menu
3. Choose Display and press the ENTER key.
4. Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-54
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.43.2
Choosing symbol color
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose GPS Buoy and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Symbol Color and press the ENTER key.
Green
Red
Blue
White
Black
4. Choose appropriate color and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1.43.3
History display
This radar can display time-spaced dots (maximum 20 dots) marking the past positions of any
GPS buoy being tracked. You can choose the number of dots to display as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose History Dots and press the ENTER key.
Off
5
10
20
4. Choose number of history dots to display (5, 10 or 20), or choose Off to turn off the history display.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-55
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.43.4
Erasing GPS buoy symbols
When the screen becomes cluttered with GPS buoy symbols and their tracks you can erase them
individually or collectively as shown below. The symbols will be erased, however GPS buoys will
again be displayed whenever they are received by the GPS radio buoy locator.
Erasing individual GPS buoy symbols
Place the cursor on the GPS buoy symbol you wish to erase and press the HL OFF/CANCEL key.
Two beeps sounds and the symbol is erased.
Erasing all GPS buoys symbols
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the MENU key to open the menu.
Choose GPS Buoy and press the ENTER key.
Choose All Cancel and press the ENTER key.
You are asked if you are sure to erase all buoy symbols. Choose Yes and press the ENTER
key. A beep sounds while the GPS buoys symbols are being erased.
Are you sure?
Yes
No
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
1-56
2.
RADAR OBSERVATION
2.1
General
2.1.1
Minimum and maximum ranges
Minimum range
The minimum range is defined by the shortest distance at which, using a scale of 1.5 or 0.75 nm,
a target having an echoing area of 10 m2 is still shown separate from the point representing the
antenna position.
It is mainly dependent on the pulse length, antenna height, and signal processing such as main
bang suppression and digital quantization. It is a good practice to use a shorter range scale as far
as it gives favorable definition or clarity of picture. This series of radars satisfy the requirement of
IEC 62252 5.14.1 (Class A).
Maximum range
The maximum detecting range of the radar, Rmax, varies considerably depending on several factors such as the height of the antenna above the waterline, the height of the target above the sea,
the size, shape and material of the target, and the atmospheric conditions.
Under normal atmospheric conditions, the maximum range is equal to the radar horizon or a little
shorter. The radar horizon is longer than the optical one by about 6% because of the diffraction
property of the radar signal. The Rmax is given in the following equation.
R max = 2.2 x ( h1 + h2 )
where Rmax: radar horizon (nautical miles)
h1: antenna height (m)
h2: target height (m)
Radar horizon
Optical horizon
For example, if the height of the antenna above the waterline is 9 meters and the height of the
target is 16 meters, the maximum radar range is;
R max= 2.2 x ( 9 + 16 ) = 2.2 x (3 + 4) = 15.4 nm
It should be noted that the detection range is reduced by precipitation (which absorbs the radar
signal).
2-1
2. RADAR OBSERVATION
2.1.2
Radar resolution
There are two important factors in radar resolution (discrimination): bearing resolution and range
resolution.
Bearing resolution
Bearing resolution is the ability of the radar to display as separate pips the echoes received from
two targets which are at the same range and close together. It is proportional to the antenna length
and reciprocally proportional to the wavelength. The length of the antenna radiator should be
chosen for a bearing resolution better than 4.5 degrees (IEC 62252 Class A). This condition is normally satisfied with a radiator of 1.2 m (4 ft) or longer in the X-band.
Range resolution
Range resolution is the ability to display as separate pips the echoes received from two targets
which are on the same bearing and close to each other. This is determined by pulse length only.
Test targets for determining the range and bearing resolution are radar reflectors having an
echoing area of 10 m2.
2.1.3
Bearing accuracy
One of the most important features of the radar is how accurately the bearing of a target can be
measured. The accuracy of bearing measurement basically depends on the narrowness of the
radar beam. However, the bearing is usually taken relative to the ship's heading, and thus, proper
adjustment of the heading line at installation is an important factor in ensuring bearing accuracy.
To minimize error when measuring the bearing of a target, put the target echo at the extreme position on the screen by selecting a suitable range.
2.1.4
Range measurement
Measurement of the range to a target is also a very important function of the radar. Generally,
there are two means of measuring range: the fixed range rings and the variable range marker
(VRM). The fixed range rings appear on the screen with a predetermined interval and provide a
rough estimate of the range to a target. The variable range marker's diameter is increased or
decreased so that the marker touches the inner edge of the target, allowing the operator to obtain
more accurate range measurements.
2-2
2. RADAR OBSERVATION
2.2
False Echoes
Occasionally echo signals appear on the screen at positions where there is no target or disappear
even if there are targets. They are, however, recognized if you understand the reason why they
are displayed. Typical false echoes are shown below.
2.2.1
Multiple echoes
Multiple echoes occur when a transmitted pulse returns from a solid object like a large ship, bridge,
or breakwater. A second, a third or more echoes may be observed on the display at double, triple
or other multiples of the actual range of the target as shown below. Multiple reflection echoes can
be reduced and often removed by decreasing the gain (sensitivity) or properly adjusting the A/C
SEA control.
True
echo
Target
Own ship
Multiple
echo
Multiple echoes
2.2.2
Sidelobe echoes
Every time the radar pulse is transmitted, some radiation escapes on each side of the beam,
called "sidelobes." If a target exists where it can be detected by the sidelobes as well as the main
lobe, the side echoes may be represented on both sides of the true echo at the same range. Side
lobes show usually only on short ranges and from strong targets. They can be reduced through
careful reduction of the gain or proper adjustment of the A/C SEA control.
True target
Sidelobe
Sidelobe echoes
2-3
2. RADAR OBSERVATION
2.2.3
Virtual image
A relatively large target close to your ship may be represented at two positions on the screen. One
of them is the true echo directly reflected by the target and the other is a false echo which is
caused by the mirror effect of a large object on or close to your ship as shown in the figure below.
If your ship comes close to a large metal bridge, for example, such a false echo may temporarily
be seen on the screen.
Target ship
Own ship
True
echo
False
echo
Mirror image
of target ship
Virtual image
2.2.4
Shadow sector
Funnels, stacks, masts, or derricks in the path of the antenna block the radar beam. If the angle
subtended at the antenna is more than a few degrees, a non-detecting sector may be produced.
Within this sector targets can not be detected.
Radar
antenna
Radar
mast
Shadow sector
Shadow sectors
2-4
2. RADAR OBSERVATION
2.3
SART (Search and Rescue Transponder)
2.3.1
SART description
A Search and Rescue Transponder (SART) may be triggered by any X-Band (3 cm) radar within
a range of approximately 8 nm. Each radar pulse received causes it to transmit a response which
is swept repetitively across the complete radar frequency band. When interrogated, it first sweeps
rapidly (0.4 µs) through the band before beginning a relatively slow sweep (7.5 µs) through the
band back to the starting frequency. This process is repeated for a total of twelve complete cycles.
At some point in each sweep, the SART frequency will match that of the interrogating radar and
be within the pass band of the radar receiver. If the SART is within range, the frequency match
during each of the 12 slow sweeps will produce a response on the radar display, thus a line of 12
dots equally spaced by about 0.64 nautical miles will be shown.
When the radar to the SART is reduced to about 1 nm, the radar display my show also the 12
responses generated during the fast sweeps. These additional dot responses, which also are
equally spaced by 0.64 nautical miles, will be interspersed with the original line of 12 dots. They
will appear slightly weaker and smaller than the original dots.
Screen B: When SART
is close
Screen A: When SART
is distant
Lines of 12 dots
are displayed in
concentric arcs.
Echo from SART
Radar antenna
beamwidth
24 NM
Echo from
SART
1.5 NM
Position of
SART
Own ship
position
9500 MHz
9200 MHz
Own ship
position
SART mark
length
7.5 µs
Sweep time
Position of
SART
Radar receiver
bandwidth
95 µs
Low speed sweep signal
Sweep start
High speed sweep signal
Appearance of SART echo
2-5
2. RADAR OBSERVATION
2.3.2
General remarks on receiving SART
SART range errors
When responses from only the 12 low frequency sweeps are visible (when the SART is at a range
greater than about 1 nm), the position at which the first dot is displayed may be as much as 0.64
nm beyond the true position of the SART. When the range closes so that the fast sweep responses
are seen also, the first of these will be no more than 150 meters beyond the true position.
Radar bandwidth
This is normally matched to the radar pulse length and is usually switched with the range scale
and the associated pulse length. Narrow bandwidths of 3-5 MHz are used with long pulses on long
range scales and wide bandwidths of 10-25 MHz with short pulses on short ranges.
A radar bandwidth of less than 5 MHz will attenuate the SART signal slightly, so it is preferable to
use a medium bandwidth to ensure optimum detection of the SART.
Radar side lobes
As the SART is approached, side lobes from the radar antenna may show the SART responses
as a series of arcs or concentric rings. These can be removed by the use of the anti-clutter sea
control although it may be operationally useful to observe the side lobes as they may be easier to
detect in clutter conditions and also they will confirm that the SART is near to own ship.
Note: SART information excerpted from IMO SN/Circ 197 OPERATION OF MARINE RADAR
FOR SART DETECTION.
2.4
RACON
A RACON is a radar beacon which emits radar receivable signals in the radar frequency spectrum
(X- or S-band). There are several signal formats; in general, the RACON signal appears on the
radar screen as a rectangular echo originating at a point just beyond the position of the radar
beacon. It has a Morse coded pattern. Note that the position on the radar display is not accurate.
RACON
RACON
2-6
3.
ARP OPERATION
The Automatic Radar Plotter ARP-11 (option) manually or automatically acquires and tracks ten
targets. Once a target is acquired automatically or manually it is automatically tracked within 0.1
to 16 nm.
3.1
Usage Precautions
CAUTION
No one navigational aid should be relied
upon for the safety of vessel and crew.
The navigator has the responsibility to
check all aids available to confirm
position. Electronic aids are not
a substitute for basic navigational
principles and common sense.
• This auto plotter automatically tracks an
automatically or manually acquired radar
target and calculates its course and
speed, indicating them by a vector. Since
the data generated by the auto plotter
are based on what radar targets are
selected, the radar must always be
optimally tuned for use with the auto
plotter, to ensure required targets will not
be lost or unwanted targets such as sea
returns and noise will not be acquired
and tracked.
• A target does not always mean a landmass, reef, ships or other surface vessels
but can imply returns from sea surface
and clutter. As the level of clutter changes
with environment, the operator should
properly adjust the A/C SEA, A/C RAIN
and GAIN controls to be sure target
echoes are not eliminated from the
radar screen.
CAUTION
The plotting accuracy and response of
this auto plotter meets IMO standards.
Tracking accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Tracking accuracy is affected by course
change. One to two minutes is required to
restore vectors to full accuracy after an
abrupt course change. (The actual
amount depends on gyrocompass
specifications.)
• The amount of tracking delay is inversely
proportional to the relative speed of the
target. Delay is on the order of 15-30
seconds for high relative speed; 30-60
seconds for low relative speed.
Display accuracy is affected by the
following:
• Echo intensity
• Radar transmission pulsewidth
• Radar bearing error
• Gyrocompass error
• Course change (own ship or target)
3-1
3. ARP OPERATION
3.2
Controls for Use with ARP
ENTER: Acquire cursor-selected target; displays data for tracked target (in the data box at the
bottom of the screen).
CANCEL/HL OFF: Remove data of cursor-selected tracked target from the data box; stops
tracking cursor-selected target (when its data is not displayed in the data box).
MENU: Access the Target and ARP menus for ARP operations.
Trackball: Choose target to acquire, cancel tracking or show target data.
3.3
ARP Display On/Off
You may turn off the ARP display as shown below.
1. Press the MENU key to display the main menu.
2. Use the trackball to choose ARP and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
ARP
Display
Symbol Color
Auto Acquire
All Cancel
: Off
: Green
: Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
ARP menu
3. Use the trackball to choose Display and press the ENTER key.
Off
On
4. Choose Off or On as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3-2
3. ARP OPERATION
3.4
Acquiring and Tracking Targets
Ten targets may be acquired and tracked manually and automatically. When you attempt to
acquire an 11th target, the message "ARP FULL - ALREADY TRACKING 10 TARGETS!" appears
for five seconds. To acquire another target, terminate tracking of an unnecessary target, as shown
in the paragraph 3.5.
3.4.1
Manual acquisition
When the automatic acquisition (AUTO ACQ. AREA) is set to on, up to five targets may be
acquired manually. If you attempt to acquire a sixth target, the alert message appears.
1. Place the cursor on the target to acquire.
2. Press the ENTER key twice.
The plot symbol changes over time as below. A vector appears about one minute after acquisition,
indicating the target's motion trend. The target number is the youngest empty number.
Vector
01
01
At acquisition
01
Target number
3 min. after
acquisition
1 min. after
acquisition
ARP target mark
3.4.2
Automatic acquisition
The ARP can acquire up to ten targets automatically by setting an automatic acquisition area.
When automatic acquisition is selected after acquiring targets manually, only the remaining
capacity for targets may be automatically acquired. For example, if seven targets have been manually acquired, three targets may be automatically acquired.
The automatic acquisition area is 2.0 to 2.5 miles in range and ±45° on either side of the heading
line in bearing. Targets being tracked in automatic acquisition are continuously tracked when
switching to manual acquisition.
Automatic acquisition area
45° port
2.0 - 2.5 nm
45° starboard
Automatic acquisition area
1. Press the MENU key to show the main menu.
2. Choose ARP and press the ENTER key
3. Choose Auto Acquire and press the ENTER key.
Off
On
3-3
3. ARP OPERATION
4. Choose On to enable automatic acquisition.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3.5
Terminating Tracking of ARP Targets
When ten targets have been acquired, no more acquisition occurs unless targets are cancelled. If
you need to acquire additional targets, you must first cancel one or more individual targets, or all
targets, using one of the procedures below.
3.5.1
Terminating tracking of selected targets
1. Place the cursor on the target to terminate tracking.
2. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key to terminate tracking and erase the ARP symbol. A few
beeps sound and the symbol is erased from the display.
3.5.2
Terminating tracking of all targets
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose ARP and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose All Cancel and press the ENTER key. The prompt shown below appears.
Are you sure?
Yes
No
4. Choose Yes and pressthe ENTER key to terminate tracking on all ARP targets.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3-4
3. ARP OPERATION
3.6
Vector Attributes
What is a vector?
A vector is a line extending from a tracked target which shows estimated speed and course of the
target. The vector tip shows an estimated position of the target after the selected vector time
elapses. It can be useful to extend the vector length (time) in order to evaluate the risk of collision
with any target.
Vector
Vector
Vector time, vector reference
Vector time can be set to 30 seconds, 1, 3, 6, 15 or 30 minutes. You may reference the vectors to
North (True, requires heading and speed data) or ship's heading (relative) as desired.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
Target
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Vector Time
Vector Reference
History Dots
History Intervals
CPA
TCPA
Proximity Alarm
: 6min
: Relative
:5
: 1min
: Off
: 1min
: Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
Target menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Choose Vector Time and press the ENTER key.
Choose desired vector time and press the ENTER key.
Choose Vector Reference and press the ENTER key.
Choose Relative or True as appropriate and press the ENTER
key.
Relative: Other ships move relative to own ship. This mode is
useful as an anti-collision aid. If a vessel is on a collision course
with own ship its vector will be pointing toward own ship position.
True: Own ship and other ships move at true motions and speeds.
This mode is useful for discriminating between moving and stationary targets. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
Note
30sec
1min
3min
6min
15min
30min
Vector time choices
Relative
True
Vector reference choices
The functions of the Target menu are commonly shared
by ARP and AIS.
3-5
3. ARP OPERATION
3.7
History Display (target past position)
This radar can display time-spaced dots (maximum ten dots) marking the past positions of any
ARP or AIS target being tracked. You can evaluate a target's actions by the spacing between dots.
Below are examples of dot spacing and target movement.
(a) Ship turning
(b) Ship running
straight
(c) Ship reduced
speed
(d) Ship increased
speed
Target movement and history display
You may choose the number of history dots to display and the time interval to display them.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose History Dots and press the ENTER key.
Off
5
10
4. Choose number of history dots to display (5 or 10) or choose Off to turn off the history display.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Choose History Intervals and press the ENTER key.
15sec
30sec
1min
2min
3min
6min
12min
7. Choose appropriate time interval and press the ENTER key.
8. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3-6
3. ARP OPERATION
3.8
ARP Target Data
You can show target data (range, bearing, course, speed, CPA and TCPA) for two tracked ARP
targets, in the data box at the bottom of the screen. To display ARP target data, the ARP display
must be activated and the menu item Data Box in the Display menu must be set for Target or All.
1. Place the cursor on the ARP target for which you want to know its data.
2. Press the ENTER key to show the target’s data.
3
0.5
NM
(A)01
ARP target
selected for
data display
A(or B)
denotes data
box location.
+
02
ARP target
+ 110.1°R 2.525 NM
A
B
Data box A
Data box B
Data box (A or B)
Vector reference
Vector time
Target no.
A
Bearing, range, CPA
Course, speed, TCPA
TRUE 5 min
No.01
BRG 236.5 °T RNG 1.850NM CPA 1.84NM
CSE 33.7 ° SPD 12.34kt TCPA 12:00
ARP target data
The target is enlarged and its target number is prefixed with (A) or (B) to show which data box its
data appears in. The box is automatically chosen on a first-in, last-out basis. For example, if both
data box A and data box B are currently showing data and target A was selected before target B,
the data in data box A will be erased and replaced with the data of the newly selected target.
To remove a target’s data from a data box, place the cursor on its target symbol and press the
CANCEL/HL OFF key.
3-7
3. ARP OPERATION
3.9
CPA/TCPA Alarm
When the predicted CPA of any ARP target or AIS target becomes smaller than the preset CPA
alarm range and its predicted TCPA less than the preset TCPA alarm limit, the audio alarm sounds
and the target plot symbol of the offending target changes to a triangle and flashes together with
its vector. You may silence the audio alarm with the CANCEL/HL OFF key. The flashing of the
triangle plot stops when the vessel’s CPA and TCPA are out of the CPA and TCPA alarm setting.
The ARP continuously monitors the predicted range at the Closest Point of Approach (CPA) and
predicted time to CPA (TCPA) of each track to own ship.
This feature helps alert you to targets which may be on a collision course with own ship. However,
it is important that GAIN, A/C SEA, A/C RAIN and other radar controls are properly adjusted and
the ARP is set up so that it can track targets effectively.
CAUTION
The CPA/TCPA alarm should never be
relied upon as the sole means for detecting the risk of collision. The navigator is
not relieved of the responsibility to keep
visual lookout for avoiding collisions,
whether or not the radar or other plotting
aid is in use.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose CPA and press the ENTER key.
Off
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
4. Choose appropriate CPA distance and press the ENTER key.
5. Choose TCPA and press the ENTER key.
30sec
1min
2min
3min
4min
5min
6min
12min
6. Choose appropriate TCPA and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3-8
3. ARP OPERATION
3.10
Proximity Alarm
The proximity alerts you by audio and visual alarms when an ARP target (or AIS target) is within
the range you specify.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Proximity Alarm and press the ENTER key.
Off
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
12nm
24nm
4. Choose appropriate range and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
When an ARP target comes within the range set here its symbol becomes a flashing triangle
and the audio alarm sounds. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key to silence the audio alarm. The
flashing continues until the target is no longer within the range set, the alarm range is changed
to exclude the offending target or the proximity alarm is disabled.
3.11
Lost Target
When the system detects a lost target, the audio alarm sounds, the target symbol becomes a
flashing diamond and tracking is discontinued after one minute.
01
Lost target mark
Canceling a lost target
Place the cursor on the target and press the CANCEL/HL OFF key. The audio alarm sounds and
the target symbol (and its data if displayed) is erased.
3-9
3. ARP OPERATION
3.12
Symbol Color
You may choose the ARP/AIS symbol color from among Green, Red, Blue, White or Black.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose ARP and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Symbol Color and press the ENTER key.
Green
Red
Blue
White
Black
4. Choose appropriate color and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
3-10
4.
AIS OPERATION
Connected to the FURUNO AIS Transponder FA-150, the FR-8xx2 series can show the name,
position and other nav data of the nearest 100 AIS transponder-equipped ships. (For connection
of other makes of AIS transponders, AIS Interface IF-1500AIS (option) is required.)
This radar accepts position data fixed by WGS-84 geodetic datum. Set the datum to WGS-84 on
the GPS navigator connected to this radar. If this radar is interfaced with the FURUNO GPS Navigator GP-320B, see paragraph 5.2 for the procedure. Additionally, confirm that Mode on the GPS
menu is set to GPS or WAAS, referring to page 5-1. The AIS function is inoperative if the mode is
DGPS.
4.1
Controls for Use with AIS
ENTER: Press, after choosing target with the trackball, to display data for selected active AIS
target (in the data box at the bottom of the screen).
CANCEL/HL OFF: Remove data of cursor-selected AIS target from the data box.
MENU: Access the Target and AIS menus for AIS operations.
Trackball: Choose active target to display its data.
4.2
Turning the AIS Display On or Off
You may turn the AIS display on or off. The system continues processing AIS targets regardless
of whether the AIS display is on or off, provided the AIS transponder is turned on.
1. Press the MENU key to display the main menu.
2. Choose AIS and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
AIS
Display
Symbol Color
Range
Sector Start
Sector End
Sort By
Number of Targets
: Off
: Green
: 24.0nm
: 340°
: 20°
: Range
: 30
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
AIS menu
3. Choose DIsplay and press the ENTER key.
4. Choose Off (all AIS symbols are erased) or On (all AIS-received targets are displayed) as
appropriate and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-1
4. AIS OPERATION
4.3
AIS Symbols
When the AIS is turned on, AIS targets are marked with appropriate AIS symbol as below.
Sleeping target
Activated target
Dangerous
target
Lost target
Target selected
for data display
AIS symbols
Note
4.4
AIS symbols are momentarily erased after the screen is redrawn when the heading
is changed while using the head-up mode.
Activating, Sleeping Targets
When you convert a sleeping target to an activated target, that target's course and speed are
shown with a vector. You can easily judge target movement by monitoring the vector.
SOG (Speed Over Ground) and
Course over Ground (COG) vector
ROT
(Rate of Turn)
Heading line
(If there is no heading data,
the line points in direction of COG.)
Appearance of an activated target
To activate a target: Place the cursor on the target and press the ENTER key.
To sleep a target: Place the cursor on the target and press the CANCEL HL/OFF key.
4-2
4. AIS OPERATION
4.5
Displaying AIS Target Data
The data box at the bottom of the screen can show the data (MMSI No., ship name, bearing,
course, range, CPA and TCPA) for up to two AIS targets. (Set Data Box in the Display menu to
Target or All to show AIS target data.)
To show AIS target data, place the cursor on the activated target that you want to know its data
and press the ENTER key.
3
0.5
NM
+
AIS target selected for
data display
(A or B: Data box location
9-digit no.: MMSI)
(A)
000000026
+
Cursor
+ 110.1°R 2.525 NM
B
A
Data box A
Data box B
Data box (A or B)
Vector reference
Vector time
MMSI of vessel
Name of
vessel
A TRUE 5 min
Bearing, range, CPA
Course, speed, TCPA
MMSI: 000000026
NAME: PEGASUS
LENGTH: 100M BEAM: 45M
BRG 236.5 °T RNG 1.850NM CPA 1.84NM
CSE 33.7 ° SPD 12.34kt TCPA 12:00
Length, Beam
of vessel
AIS data
The AIS target chosen is marked with MMSI no. and the alphabet A or B, which corresponds to
the data box in which the target’s data appears. The box is automatically chosen on a first-in, lastout basis. For example, if both data box A and data box B are currently showing data and target
A was selected before target B, the data in data box A will be erased and replaced with the data
of the newly selected AIS target.
To remove a target’s data from a data box, place the cursor on its target symbol and press the
CANCEL/HL OFF key.
4-3
4. AIS OPERATION
4.6
Display Range
You may set the AIS target display range as below to view only those AIS targets within the range
you specify. The setting range is 0.1-72 miles (96 miles for FR-8252) but actual range depends
on the AIS Transponder. If the target sorting method is selected to “Range,” the target data within
the range set here is transmitted to this radar.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose AIS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Range and press the ENTER key.
24nm
(0.1nm-96.0nm)
4. Use the trackball to set the display range and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4.7
Sorting Targets
You may sort the data of AIS targets received from the AIS transponder by range from own ship,
by sector, by CPA or TCPA.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose AIS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Sort By and press the ENTER key.
Range
Sector
CPA
TCPA
4. Use the trackball to choose desired sorting method and press the ENTER key.
Range: Sort targets within the display range set (see paragraph 4.6), from nearest to furthest.
Sector: Sort targets within the display sector set (see paragraph 4.8) and within 24 nm, from
nearest to furthest.
CPA: Sort by CPA, from closest to furthest.
TCPA: Sort by TCPA, from earliest time to latest time.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-4
4. AIS OPERATION
4.8
Displaying Targets Within a Specific Sector
You may choose to display AIS targets only within a specific sector. If the target sorting method
is selected to “Range,” the target data within the sector set here is transmitted to this radar.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose AIS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Sector Start and press the ENTER key.
340°
(0°-359°)
4. Use the trackball to set the start point for the sector and press the ENTER key.
5. Choose Sector End and press the ENTER key.
20°
(0°-359°)
6. Use the trackball to set the end point for the sector and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4.9
Number of Targets to Display
You may choose the number of AIS targets to display, from 10-100. This feature is useful when
the screen becomes cluttered with AIS targets. Targets are selected and displayed according to
sort method. (See paragraph 4.7.)
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose AIS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Number of Targets and press the ENTER key.
30
(0-100)
4. Use the trackball to choose the number of targets to display and press the ENTER key.
Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-5
4. AIS OPERATION
4.10
Vector Attributes
What is a vector?
A vector is a line extending from a tracked target which shows estimated course of the AIS target.
The vector tip shows an estimated position of the target after the selected vector time elapses. It
can be useful to extend the vector length (time) in order to evaluate the risk of collision with any
target. (See the illustration on page 4-2 for the appearance of a vector.)
Vector time, vector reference
Vector time can be set to 30 seconds, 1, 3, 6, 15 or 30 minutes. Vectors may be displayed in True
or Relative motion.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Target
Vector Time
Vector Reference
History Dots
History Intervals
CPA
TCPA
Proximity Alarm
: 6min
: Relative
:5
: 1min
: Off
: 1min
: Off
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
Target menu
3.
4.
5.
6.
Choose Vector Time and press the ENTER key.
Choose desired vector time and press the ENTER key.
Choose Vector Reference and press the ENTER key.
Choose Relative or True as appropriate and press the ENTER key.
Relative: Other ships move relative to own ship. This mode is
useful as an anti-collision aid. If a vessel is on a collision course
with own ship its vector will be pointing toward own ship position.
True: Own ship and other ships move at true motions and speeds.
This mode is useful for discriminating between moving and stationary targets. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-6
30sec
1min
3min
6min
15min
30min
Vector time choices
Relative
True
Vector reference choices
4. AIS OPERATION
4.11
History Display (target past position)
This radar can display time-spaced dots (maximum ten dots) marking the past positions of any
AIS target being tracked. You can evaluate a target's actions by the spacing between dots. Below
are examples of dot spacing and target movement.
(a) Ship turning
(b) Ship running
straight
(c) Ship reduced
speed
(d) Ship increased
speed
Target movement and history display
You may choose the number of history dots to display and the time interval to display them.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose History Dots and press the ENTER key.
Off
5
10
4. Choose number of history dots to display (5 or 10) or choose Off to turn off the history display.
5. Press the ENTER key.
6. Choose History Intervals and press the ENTER key.
15sec
30sec
1min
2min
3min
6min
12min
7. Choose appropriate time interval and press the ENTER key.
8. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-7
4. AIS OPERATION
4.12
CPA/TCPA Alarm
When the predicted CPA of any AIS target or ARP target becomes smaller than the preset CPA
alarm range and its predicted TCPA less than the preset TCPA alarm limit, an audio alarm sounds
and the symbol of the offending AIS target changes to the dangerous target symbol.
Triangle is thicker
than that of active
target
Dangerous target symbol
You may silence the audio alarm with the CANCEL/HL OFF key. The flashing of the symbol stops
when the target’s CPA and TCPA become greater than the CPA and TCPA alarm setting. Predicted range at the Closest Point of Approach (CPA) and predicted time to CPA (TCPA) of each
AIS target are monitored.
This feature helps alert you to targets which may be on a collision course with own ship.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose CPA and press the ENTER key.
Off
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
4. Choose appropriate CPA distance and press the ENTER key.
5. Choose TCPA and press the ENTER key.
30sec
1min
2min
3min
4min
5min
6min
12min
6. Choose appropriate TCPA and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-8
4. AIS OPERATION
4.13
Proximity Alarm
The proximity alerts you by audio and visual alarms when an AIS target (or ARP target) is within
the range you specify.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose Target and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Proximity Alarm and press the ENTER key.
Off
0.5nm
1nm
2nm
3nm
5nm
6nm
12nm
24nm
4. Choose appropriate range and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
When an AIS target comes within the range set here its symbol flashes and the audio alarm
sounds. Press the CANCEL/HL OFF key to silence the audio alarm. The flashing continues
until the target is no longer within the range set, the alarm range is changed to exclude the
offending target or the proximity alarm is disabled.
4.14
Lost Target
When AIS data is not received from a target at prescribed interva (3-5* report intervals), the audio
alarm sounds and the target symbol (flashing) appears as below.
Lost target symbol
* The interval at which AIS data is sent depends on speed of AIS transponder equipped vessel,
and it is shown in the table below. For further details, consult the operator’s manual for the AIS
transponder.
Ship speed and reporting interval
Ship speed
Reporting interval
0-14 kts
Every 10 seconds
23 kts or higher
Every two seconds
4-9
4. AIS OPERATION
4.15
Symbol Color
You may choose the ARP/AIS symbol color from among Green, Red, Blue, White or Black.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Choose ARP and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Symbol Color and press the ENTER key.
Green
Red
Blue
White
Black
4. Choose appropriate color and press the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
4-10
5.
GPS OPERATION
If you are using the FURUNO GPS Navigator GP-320B, you may set it up from this radar.
5.1
Navigator Type
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Brill/Color
Display
Echo
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
GPS
Type
Datum
Datum Number
WAAS
WAAS Number
GPS Self Test
Satellite Monitor
Type 16 Message
Forward Offset
Right Offset
Cold Start
: WAAS
: WGS-84
: 001
: Auto
: 120
:0
:0
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
GPS menu
3. Choose Type and press the ENTER key.
GPS
WAAS
DGPS
4. Choose type of navigator connected to this radar and press the ENTER key. Note that GPS or
WAAS should be selected if this radar is interfaced with an AIS Transponder. The AIS Transponder will be inoperative if DPGS is selected.
GPS: GPS Navigator GP-320B connected
WAAS: GPS Navigator GP-320B connected
DGPS: DPGS Beacon Receiver GR-80 connected.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
5-1
5. GPS OPERATION
5.2
Datum
Choose the datum type which matches the paper nautical charts you are using. Choose WGS-84
if the radar is connected to an AIS Transponder.
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Datum and press the ENTER key.
WGS-84
Tokyo
Other
4. Choose appropriate datum type and press the ENTER key. For Other, do steps 5 and 6. For
other choices, go to step 7.
5. Choose Datum Number and press the ENTER key.
001
6. Use the trackball to choose datum number and press the ENTER key. (The seting range is 001192 and 201-254.)
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
5.3
WAAS Setup
Geostationary satellites, the type used with WAAS, provide more accurate positon data when
compared to GPS or DGPS. These satellites may be tracked automatically or manually. Auto
tracking automatically searches for the best geostationary satellite based on your current position.
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose WAAS and press the ENTER key.
Auto
Manual
4. Choose Auto or Manual as appropriate and press the ENTER key. For Manual, do steps 5 and
6. For Auto, go to step 7.
5. Choose WAAS Number and press the ENTER key.
120
6. Use the trackball to choose appropriate WAAS satellite number and press the ENTER key.
7. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
5-2
5. GPS OPERATION
5.4
Satellite Monitor
The Satellite Monitor provides comprehensive information about GPS and WAAS satellites. For
more detailed information, see your GPS navigator’s owner’s manual.
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Satellite Monitor and press the ENTER key.
DOP (Dilution of Precision, 0-99.0)
SNR of tracked GPS satellites
Satellites whose SNR is above
40 are used to fix position.
North
marker
GPS mode
2D, 3D, D2D
D3D, W2D
W3D, DOP
Satellite Monitor
Satellite No
D3D
DOP
1.5
N
GPS satellite
no.
GPS
13
13
Satellites in ring
have elevation
angle of 5°
Satellites in ring
have elevation
angle of 45°
OK or NG (No Good) displayed
OK or NG (No Good) displayed
0-99 db, higher the better
0-99 db, higher the better
40
50
01
01
31
24
WAAS
satellite*
SNR
30
12
12
18
01
W
06
19
06
07
19
09
07
18
09
24
16
Altitude
85m
08
16
DGPS Status
Station Health
DGPS Data
Signal Strength
Signal SNR
[MENU]: Close MENU
13
OK
OK
10dB
11dB
WAAS 122
[ENTER]: Close this window
* Satellites used to fix
position are shown in red.
Satellite monitor
Altitude of
GPS antena
from sea
WAAS satellite
To close only the satellite monitor display, press the ENTER key.
5-3
5. GPS OPERATION
5.5
DIsplaying Type 16 Message
The type 16 message, available with connection of a DGPS beacon receiver (FURUNO FR-80,
etc.) and within range of a DGPS beacon reference station, provides weather information (time,
wind direction and speed, atmospheric pressure and wave height). It is transmitted every minutes
by the Japan Maritime Safety Agency, and two reports are provided for each observation point.
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Type 16 Message and press the ENTER key. (If no messages are present you cannot
choose this menu item.)
Time
Wind direction
and speed
(16 compass pts.)
Atmospheric
pressure (0-9999 hPa)
Wave height
(0-99 m)
Type 16 Message
Name of DGPS
reference station
Latest six
messages
Point Name
Time
Wind
Pressure
Direction/Speed
Wave
Murotasaki
13:25
13:55
ENE
NE
5m
10m
1015hPa
1016hPa
10m
13m
Kobe
13:50
13:55
N
NW
5m
10m
1017hPa
1017hPa
9m
10m
Osakako
13:45
13:15
NW
N
5m
10m
1015hPa
1017hPa
11m
10m
Oseki
13:35
13:05
SSW
S
5m
10m
1013hPa
1015hPa
8m
9m
Tomgashima
13:30
13:00
NW
W
5m
10m
1015hPa
1016hPa
5m
10m
Shinomisaki
13:30
13:00
NW
W
5m
10m
1015hPa
1016hPa
5m
10m
[MENU]: Close MENU
[ENTER]: Close this window
Type 16 message
Weather messages from as many as six DPGS reference stations are shown and the latest is
at the top.The oldest message is erased when a new message arrives.
4. To close only the message board, press the ENTER key.
5-4
5. GPS OPERATION
5.6
GPS Sensor Installation Position Offset
The installation position of the GPS sensor antenna and the radar antenna must be the same in
order to get accurate position information on the radar. If they are different, measure the distance
between the GPS sensor antenna and the radar antenna, in the bow/stern and/or port/starboard
direction, and enter those distances in the menu as follows:
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Forward Offset (bow or stern offset) or Right Offset (port or starboard offset), the direction of the offset, and press the ENTER key.
+ 0m
(-999m-+999m)
4. Measure the distance from the GPS sensor position to the radar antenna and use the trackball
to set value. Enter a “+” value for bow direction or port direction offset; a “-” value for stern
direction or starboard direction offset.
5. Press the ENTER key
6. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
5-5
5. GPS OPERATION
5.7
Cold Start
Cold start, which clears the Almanac from the GPS receiver, may be necessary in the following
conditions:
• If the GPS receiver has been powered off for a long period of time.
• The vessel has moved far away from the previous fixing position (e.g., more than 500 km).
• Other reason that prevents the receiver from finding its position within five minutes after power
on.
To perform cold start, do the following:
1. Press the MENU key to show the menu.
2. Choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Choose Cold Start and press the ENTER key.
Are you sure?
Yes
No
4. Choose Yes and press the ENTER key. (To stop cold start, press CANCEL/HL OFF key instead
of the ENTER key.
5. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
5-6
6.
MAINTENANCE &
TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter provides the necessary procedures for maintenance and troubleshooting. Follow the
recommend procedures to keep your radar in good working order.
WARNING
Do not open the equipment.
Hazardous voltage which can
cause electrical shock exists
inside the equipment. Only
qualified personnel should
work inside the equipment.
Turn off the radar power
switch before servicing the
antenna unit. Post a warning sign near the switch
indicating it should not be
turned on while the antenna
unit is being serviced.
Prevent the potential risk of
being struck by the rotating
antenna and exposure to
RF radiation hazard.
Wear a safety belt and hard
hat when working on the
antenna unit.
Serious injury or death can
result if someone falls from
the radar antenna mast.
6-1
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.1
Preventive Maintenance
Regular maintenance is important for optimum performance. A maintenance program should be
established and should at least include the items shown in the table below.
Maintenance
Interval
Item
Check point
Remedy
When
necessary
LCD
The LCD will, in time,
accumulate a coating of
dust which tends to dim
the picture.
Wipe the LCD carefully to prevent
scratching, using tissue paper and an
LCD cleaner. To remove dirt or salt
deposits, use an LCD cleaner, wiping
slowly with tissue paper so as to dissolve
the dirt or salt. Change paper frequently
so the salt or dirt will not scratch the
LCD. Do not use solvents such as
thinner, acetone or benzene for
cleaning. They may remove paint and
markings.
3 to 6
months
Ground terminal
on display unit
Check for tight
connection and rust.
Tighten or replace as necessary.
DIsplay unit
connectors
Check for tight
connection.
Tighten if loosened.
Exposed nuts
and bolts on
antenna unit
Check for corroded or
loosened bolts.
Clean and repaint as necessary. Sealing
compound may be used in place of paint.
Antenna
radiator
Check for dirt and cracks Clean radiator surface with freshwateron radiator
moistened cloth. Do not use plastic solsurface.
vents for cleaning.
6-2
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.2
Fuse Replacement
A fuse is in the fuse holder on the power cable and inside the power supply unit, and they protect
the equipment from reverse polarity of the ship's mains and equipment fault. If a fuse blows, find
out the cause before replacing it. Use the correct fuse. Using the wrong fuse will damage the
equipment and void the warranty.
WARNING
Use the proper fuse.
Use of a wrong fuse can result in damage
to the equipment or cause fire.
Unit and fuses
Unit
Type
Code No.
Remarks
DIsplay unit
(fitted on power
cable)
FGBO 15A AC125V
000-549-014
12 VDC
FGBO 10A AC125V
000-549-065
24 VDC
Power supply unit
(for FR-8252)
FGBO 15A AC125V
000-549-014
12 VDC
FGBO 7A AC125V
000-549-013
24 VDC
6.3
Magnetron Life
When the magnetron (generates microwaves) has expired, distant targets cannot be seen on the
display. When you feel that long range performance has decreased, contact a FURUNO agent or
dealer about replacement of the magnetron.
Model and magnetron
Model
FR-8062
Magnetron type
Code no.
MAF1422B
000-146-871
MG4006
000-150-838
FR-8122
MAF1425B
000-146-872
FR-8252
M1458F
000-140-344
6.4
Estimated life
Approx. 3,000 hours
Approx 1,000 hours
LCD Backlight Life
The life of the LCD backlight, which provides illumination for the LCD, is approximately 4,300
hours. The display brilliance cannot be raised when the backlight has worn out. Have a qualified
technician replace the backlight when brilliance cannot be raised.
Part
Lamp holder complete set
Type No.
121LHS18
Code No.
000-158-827-10
6-3
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.5
Trackball Maintenance
If the cursor skips or moves abnormally, you may need to clean the Trackball.
1. Turn the retainer ring counterclockwise 45° to unlock it.
2. Remove the retainer ring and ball.
3. Clean the ball with a soft lint-free cloth, and blow carefully into the ball-cage to dislodge dust
and lint.
4. Look for a build-up of dirt on the metal rollers. If dirty, clean the rollers with a cotton swab moistened lightly with isopropyl-rubbing alcohol.
5. Make sure that fluff from the swab is not left on the rollers.
6. Replace the ball and retainer ring. Be sure the retainer ring is not inserted reversely.
BRILL
GAIN
STBY
TX
PUSH AUTO/MAN
A/C SEA
MODE
CUSTOM
+
RANGE
-
PUSH AUTO/MAN
A/C RAIN
PUSH AUTO/MAN
F1
F2
ZOOM
OFF
CENTER
TARGET
ALARM
TRAILS
EBL
VRM
MENU
TLL
ENTER
CANCEL
HL OFF
Trackball
Retainer ring
DIsplay unit
Trackball maintenance parts are available as below.
Part
Retainer ring and ball
6-4
Type No.
MU3721
Code No.
000-144-645
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.6
Simple Troubleshooting
This section provides simple troubleshooting procedures which the user can follow to restore
normal operation. If you cannot restore normal operation do not attempt to check inside the unit.
Any trouble should be referred to a qualified technician.
Simple troubleshooting
If...
But...
Then...
you cannot turn on
the power
• check for blown fuse.
• check that the power connector is firmly
fastened.
• check for corrosion on the power cable
connector.
• check for damaged power cable.
• check battery for proper voltage output
(10.8-31.2 V).
there is no response
when a key is
pressed
turn off and on the power. If there still is no
response the key may be faulty. Contact your
dealer for advice.
if the power is on and nothing appears on the
you operated the
display
STBY/TX key to
transmit
check that the antenna cable is firmly fastened.
marks and legends
appears
no echo appears
check that the antenna cable is firmly fastened.
tuning is properly
adjusted
sensitivity is poor
the magnetron may need to be replaced.
Contact your dealer.
the range is changed but radar picture does not
change
• try to hit the RANGE key again.
• turn the display unit off and on.
Poor discrimination
in range
Try to adjust A/C SEA control.
the true motion
presentation is not
working properly
• reselect the true motion mode.
• check if heading and speed are input.
the range rings are
not displayed
check that the setting of Range Rings Brill in the
Brill/Color sub menu is set to other than Off.
6-5
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.7
Advanced-level Troubleshooting
This paragraph describes how to cure hardware and software troubles which should be carried
out by qualified service personnel.
Note
This radar equipment contains complex modules in which fault diagnosis and repair
down to component level are not practical by users.
Advanced-level troubleshooting
Problem
Probable cause or
check points
Remedy
Power cannot be
turned on
1) Blown fuse.
2) Mains voltage/polarity
3) Power supply board
1) Replace blown fuse.
2) Correct wiring and input voltage.
3) Replace power supply board.
Brilliance adjusted
but no picture
1) SPU Board
1) Replace SPU board.
Antenna not rotating
1) Antenna drive mechanism
1) Replace antenna drive mechanism.
Data and marks not 1) SPU board
displayed in Transmit
status
1) Replace SPU board.
Adjust GAIN with A/C 1) Signal cable between
antenna and display unit
SEA set at minimum.
Marks and indications 2) IF amplifier
appear but no noise 3) Video amplifier board
or echo
1) Check continuity and isolation of coaxial
cable.
2) Replace IF amplifier.
3) Check coax line for secure connection. If
connection is good, replace SPU board.
1) Magnetron
Marks, indications
and noise appear but 2) Modulator board
3) SPU board
no echo (Transmission leak representing own ship
position is absent)
1) Check magnetron current.
2) Replace modulator board.
3) Replace SPU board.
Picture not updated
or picture freeze-up
1) Check that signal cables are fastened
securely.
2) Replace SPU board.
3) Turn the radar off and on.
1) Bearing signal generator
2) SPU board
3) Video freeze-up
Radar is properly
1) 2nd trace echo rejector is
ON.
tuned but sensitivity is
2) Dirt on radiator face
poor
3) Deteriorated magnetron
4) Detuned MIC
Range changed but 1) Defective range key
radar picture does not
change
2) SPU board
3) Video freeze-up
6-6
1) Turn off the 2nd-trace echo rejector, from
the Echo menu.
2) Clean radiator.
3) With the radar transmitting on 48 nm
range, check magnetron current. If current is below normal, magnetron may be
defective. Replace the magnetron.
4) Check MIC detecting current. If it is below
normal value, MIC may have become
detuned. MIC must be tuned.
1) Try to operate the RANGE key. If unsuccessful, replacement of the keypad may
be necessary.
2) Replace SPU board.
3) Turn radar off and on.
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
Advanced-level troubleshooting
Problem
Probable cause or
check points
Remedy
Interference rejector
is not working (interference rejection
level not displayed)
1) SPU Board
1) Replace SPU Board.
Echo stretch is not
working (Neither
ES1, ES2 or ES3 is
displayed)
1) SPU Board
1) Replace SPU Board.
Range rings are not
displayed
1) Adjust their brilliance on the 1) Replace associated circuit board if unsucBrill/Color menu.
cessful.
2) SPU Board
2) Replace SPU Board.
Poor discrimination in Sea clutter control not funcrange
tioning properly
Try to adjust A/C SEA control.
True motion presentation not working
properly
1) Poor contact of MODE key. 1) Try to press the key a little harder.
2) TM display accurate
2) Make sure that position and heading
inputs are accurate.
Target not tracked
correctly
Poor definition of targets in sea Adjust A/C SEA and A/C RAIN controls.
clutter
6-7
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6.8
Diagnostic Test
The diagnostic test checks the system for proper operation. It is primarily intended for use by service technicians, however the user may execute it to provide the service technician with information.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Use the trackball to choose Factory from the System menu and press the ENTER key.
Menu
Target Trails
Mark
Custom 1
Custom 2
Custom 3
Tuning
GPS Buoy
Target
ARP
AIS
GPS
System
Initial
Factory
Installation
Factory
Test
LCD Pattern
[ENTER]: Enter [CANCEL/HL OFF]: Back
[MENU]: Exit
Factory menu
3. Use the trackball to choose Test and press the ENTER key.
6-8
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
ROM
: OK
RAM
: OK
NMEA1
:-NMEA2
:-RS-232C
:-PROGRAM NUMBER
: 0359226-XX.XX
FPGA VERSION
: XXXX
HEADING
: OK
GYRO (AD-10) 245.2°
BEARING
: OK
TUNE VOLTAGE
:
10.1 V
INDICATOR VOLTAGE
:
4.2 V
ANTENNA ROTATION
:
48.1 rpm
MOTOR VOLTAGE
:
23.4 V
ECHO LEVEL
:
-40 dBm
TRIGGER FREQUENCY
:
2100 Hz
TOTAL ON TIME
TOTAL TX TIME
000
000
000
: 123456.7 h
: 987654.3 h
INPUT NMEA
BWC: GPBWC, 151130. 00, 3448. 50, N, 13510. 30, E, 40. 0, T, 47. 2, M, 3. 05, N, , A*7F
BWR:
DBT:
DPT:
GGA:
GLL:
GNS:
HDG:
HDM:
HDT:
MTW:
MWV:
RMB:
RMC:
VHW:
VTG:
VWT:
VWR:
XTE:
ZDA:
ARP-11 PROGRAM NUMBER: 18590271.XX
ARP-11
: OK
+000
+000
<REMOTE CONTROLLER>
[MENU] x 3: Exit [F1]: Alarm Test
DIagnostics screen
• At the top of the screen the results of the ROM, RAM and data ports NMEA1, NMEA2
and RS232C are displayed as OK or NG (No Good). For any NG contact your dealer for
advice. (Ports NMEA1, NMEA2 and RS-232C require a special test connector in order
to test them. “- -” is shown when no test connector is connected.) PROGRAM NUMBER
and FFGA VERSION show respective program number and program version number
(XXXX).
• Heading and bearing signals are checked for proper input and the result displayed as
OK or NG. Tune and indicator voltages, antenna rotation speed, antenna motor voltage,
echo level and trigger frequency are measured and shown. TOTAL ON TIME and
TOTAL TX TIME show the total number of hours the radar has been powered and transmitted, respectively.
• The INPUT NMEA window shows all the NMEA sentences being input to this radar. Sentences are updated every second.
6-9
6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
• If the optional ARP board is installed, its program number and test results (OK or NG)
are shown below the INPUT NMEA window. “--” shown with no ARP board. The radar
must be transmitting in order to test ARP function.
• The lamp to the left of the POWER/BRILL key and the panel backlight flash if the panel
backlight is working properly.
4. At the right side of the display there are squares, circles and ovals, and they are for checking
the controls of the display unit and remote controller.
Key check: Press each key one by one. The key’s on-screen location fills in green if the key is
functioning normally and returns to background color when the key is released. The F1 key
tests the buzzer. Press it again to silence the buzzer.
Control check: The three digits below the on-screen location for the GAIN, A/C SEA and A/C
RAIN controls show control position, and the range of indication is 0-255.
Trackball check: The three digits below the trackball’s on-screen location show the trackball’s
X-Y position, and the range of indication is -127 to +127.
5. Press the MENU key three times on the display unit or remote controller to escape from the
test.
6.9
LCD Test
The LCD pattern test checks the LCD for proper display of colors.
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Use the trackball to choose Factory from the System menu and press the ENTER key.
3. Use the trackball to choose LCD Pattern and press the ENTER key. The screen is initially all
red. Hit the MENU key to change the color of the display, in the following sequence.
RED
MENU
key
GREEN
MENU
key
BLUE
MENU
key
WHITE
MENU
key
BLACK
MENU
key
7 tones
of gray
LCD test screens
4. Press the MENU key several times to close the menu.
• You may cancel the test at anytime by pressing the CANCEL/HL OFF key.
• You may adjust screen brilliance during the test with the brilliance control.
6.10
GPS Test
The FURUNO GPS receiver interfaced with this radar can be checked for proper operation as
follows:
1. Press the MENU key to open the menu.
2. Use the trackball to choose GPS and press the ENTER key.
3. Use the trackball to choose GPS Self Test and press the
ENTER key. The program no. and results of the test are
GPS Self Test
shown, as OK or NG (No Good). For NG, check the GPS
Program No. : 48502380XX
receiver.
Result
: OK
4. Press the MENU key to close the menu.
XX = Program version no.
6-10
APPENDIX
MENU key
Brill/Color
Range Ring Brill (Off, Low, Med, High)
Echo Color (Yellow, Green, Multi)
Display Color (Day, Night, Twilight, User)
Background Color (Black/Green, Black/Red, Blue/White, DK Blue/White, White/Green)
Display
Alarm Message
Echo Area (Ellipse, Square)
Watchman (Off, 5min, 10min, 20min)
Data Box (Off, Nav, Target, All)
Zoom Mode (Relative, True, Target)
Function 1 Setup (See the list below; default setting is "Echo Average")
Function 2 Setup (Same choices as above; default setting is "Auto Anti Clutter")
Echo
Auto Gain (Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Auto Sea (Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Auto Rain (Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Pulse Length (Short, Long)
Echo Stretch (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Echo Average (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Noise Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Interference Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Auto Anti Clutter (Off, On)
Display-Dynamic (Narrow, Normal, Wide)
Display-Curve (1, 2, 3)
Antenna Speed (24rpm, 36rpm, 48rpm, Auto/Range)
2nd Echo Rejector (Off, On)
Gradation (Single, Multi)
Color (Green, Red, Blue, White, Black)
Mode (Relative, True)
Level (1, 2, 3)
Length (Normal, 12H, 24H)
Time (12h, 00h:30m - 12h:00m; 24H, 01h00m - 24h:00m)
Copy (Off, On)
Restart (Off, On)
Narrow (Off, On)
Own Ship (Off, On)
All Cancel
(Continued on next page)
Target
Trails
Choices for Function 1 Setup, Function 2 Setup
Range Rings Brill
Echo Color
Display Color
Background Color
Echo Area
Watchman Time
Data Box
Zoom Mode
STBY Mode Display
Auto Gain
Auto Sea
Auto Rain
Tuning Mode
Pulse Length
Echo Stretch
Echo Average
Noise Rejector
Interference Rejector
Auto Anti Clutter
Display-Dynamic
Display-Curve
Antenna Speed
2nd Echo Rejector
Trails-Gradation
Trails-Color
Trails-Mode
Trails-Level
Trails-Length
Trails-Copy
Trails-Restart
Trails-Narrow
Trails-Own Ship
Waypoint Mark Display
Origin Mark Mode
TLL Key Mode
Parallel Line
Parallel Line Mode
EBL Reference
VRM Unit
Cursor Position
Target Alarm 1 Mode
Target Alarm 2 Mode
GPS Buoy-Display
GPS Buoy-Symbol Color
GPS Buoy-History Dots
Vector Time
Vector Reference
History Dots
History Intervals
CPA
TCPA
Proximity Alarm
ARP-Display
ARP-Symbol Color
ARP-Auto Acquire
AIS-Display
AIS-Symbol Color
AIS-Sort By
GPS-Mode
GPS-Datum
GPS-WAAS
A-1
APPENDIX
(Continued from previous page)
Mark
Waypoint Mark Display (Off, On)
Origin Mark Mode (Relative, True)
TLL Key Mode (TLL Output, Origin Mark, Both)
Parallel Line (Off, 2, 3, 6)
Parallel Line Mode (Parallel, Vertical)
EBL Reference (Relative, True)
VRM Unit (nm, km, sm, kyd)
Cursor Position (Rng/Brg, Lat/Lon)
Target Alarm1 Mode (In, Out)
Target Alarm2 Mode (In, Out)
Custom 1
Custom 1 (Off, On)
Copy
Name (Harbor, Long, Sea, Rain, Buoy, Bird)
Gain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Sea (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Rain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Pulse Length (Short, Long)
Echo Stretch (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Echo Average (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Noise Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Interference Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Auto Anti Clutter (Off, On)
Display-Dynamic (Narrow, Normal, Wide)
Display-Curve (1, 2, 3)
Antenna Speed (24rpm, 36rpm, 48rpm, Auto/Range)
Custom 2
Custom 2 (Off, On)
Copy
Name (Harbor, Long, Sea, Rain, Buoy, Bird)
Gain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Sea (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Rain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Pulse Length (Short, Long)
Echo Stretch (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Echo Average (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Noise Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Interference Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Auto Anti Clutter (Off, On)
Display-Dynamic (Narrow, Normal, Wide)
Display-Curve (1, 2, 3)
Antenna Speed (24rpm, 36rpm, 48rpm, Auto/Range)
(Continued on next page)
A-2
APPENDIX
(Continued from previous page)
Custom 3
Custom 3 (Off, On)
Save
Name (Harbor, Long, Sea, Rain, Buoy, Bird)
Gain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Sea (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Rain (Manual, Rough, Moderate, Calm)
Pulse Length (Short, Long)
Echo Stretch (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Echo Average (Off, 1, 2, 3)
Noise Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Interference Rejector (Off, Low, Med, High)
Auto Anti Clutter (Off, On)
Display-Dynamic (Narrow, Normal, Wide)
Display-Curve (1, 2, 3)
Antenna Speed (24rpm, 36rpm, 48rpm, Auto/Range)
Tuning
Tuning Mode (Auto, Manual)
Manual Tuning (0-4095, 2048)
GPS Buoy
Display (Off, On)
Symbol Color (Green, Red, Blue, White, Black)
History Dots (Off, 5, 10, 20 (min))
All Cancel
Target
Vector Time (30sec, 1min, 3min, 6min, 15min, 30min)
Vector Reference (Relative, True)
History Dots (Off, 5, 10)
History Intervals (15sec, 30sec, 1min, 2min, 3min, 6min, 12min)
CPA (Off, 0.5nm, 1nm, 2nm, 3nm, 5nm, 6nm)
TCPA (30sec, 1min, 2min, 3min, 4min, 5min, 6min, 12min)
Proximity Alarm (Off, 0.5nm, 1nm, 2nm, 3nm, 5nm, 6nm, 12nm, 24nm)
ARP*1
Display (Off, On)
Symbol Color (Green, Red, Blue, White, Black)
Auto Acquire (Off, On)
*1 Requires ARP board (built in)
All Cancel
*2 Requires AIS transponder
AIS*2
Display (Off, On)
Symbol Color (Green, Red, Blue, White, Black)
Range (0.1-96(nm), 24.0)
Sector Start (0-359(deg), 340)
Sector End (0-359(deg), 020)
Sort By (Range, Sector, CPA, TCPA)
Number of Targets (10-100, 30)
(Continued on next page)
A-3
APPENDIX
(Continued from previous page)
GPS*1
System
Mode (GPS, WAAS, DGPS)
Datum (WGS-84, Tokyo, Other)
Datum Number (001-254, 001)
WAAS (Auto, Manual)
WAAS Number (120-150, 120)
GPS Self Test
Satellite Monitor
Type 16 Message
Forward Offset (-999 - +999(m), 0)
Right Offset (-999 - +999(m), 0)
Cold Start
Initial
Key Beep (Off, On)
Range Unit (nm, km, sm)
Alarm Level (Low, Med, High)
Antenna Rotation (Rotate, Stop)
Shift Speed (1-99(kt), 15)
STBY Mode Display (Normal, Nav, Economy)
Bearing Source (Magnetic, True)
Range Preset (0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16,
24, 36, 48, 64, 72, 96*2(nm))
Ship Speed Unit (kt, km/h, mph)
Depth Unit (m, ft, fa, pb, HR)
Temperature Unit (°C, °F)
Wind Direction (Apparent, True)
Wind Speed Unit (kt, km/h, mph, m/s)
Port1 (Auto, 4800bps, 38400bps)
Port2 (Auto, 4800bps, 38400bps)
Through Output (Off, On)
Factory
Test
LCD Pattern
Installation (For use by the installer. Not accessible by user.)
Sector
Blank 1,
Sector
Blank 2
Sector Status (Off, On)
Sector Start (0-359(deg), 0)
Sector Area (0-180(deg), 0)
*1 Requires GPS receiver.
*2 FR-8252 only
A-4
FURUNO
FR-8xx2 Series
SPECIFICATIONS OF MARINE RADAR
FR-8062/FR-8122/FR-8252
1.
1.1
GENERAL
Range, Pulse length & Pulse repetition rate (PRR)
Range (nm)
Pulse length (µs)
PRR (Hz approx.)
0.125 to 1.5
0.08
2100
1.5 to 3
0.3
1200
3 to 96
0.8
600
1.2
Maximum Range
96 nm (2FR-8252), 72 nm (FR-8122 and FR-8062)
1.3
Range Resolution
20 m
1.4
Bearing Resolution
1.9° (4 ft), 1.2° (6 ft)
1.5
Minimum Range
20 m
1.6
1.7
Bearing Accuracy
±1.0°
Range, Range Ring Accuracy 1.0% of range or 8 m, whichever is the greater
2.
ANTENNA UNIT
2.1
XN-12A (4 ft)
2.1.1
Radiator
Slotted array
2.1.2
Polarization
Horizontal
2.1.3
Antenna Rotation
24 rpm, 36 rpm, 48 rpm, range dependent rpm. (24 rpm motor
fixed at 24 rpm.)
2.1.4
Radiator Length
120 cm (4ft)
2.1.5
Horizontal Beamwidth
1.9°
2.1.6
Vertical Beamwidth
22°
2.1.7
Sidelobe Attenuation
-24 dB or less (within ±10° of main-lobe)
-30 dB or less (±10° of main-lobe or more)
2.2
XN-13A (6 ft)
2.2.1
Radiator
Slotted array
2.2.2
Polarization
Horizontal
2.2.3
Antenna Rotation
24 rpm*, 36 rpm, 48 rpm, range dependent rpm. (24 rpm motor
fixed at 24 rpm.) * Not available with antenna XN-13A.
2.2.4
Radiator Length
180 cm (6 ft)
2.2.5
Horizontal Beamwidth
1.35°
2.2.6
Vertical Beamwidth
22°
2.2.7
Sidelobe Attenuation
-28 dB or less (within ±10° of main-lobe)
-35 dB or less (±10° of main-lobe or more)
SP - 1
E3539S01B
2006/01/31
FURUNO
3.
FR-8xx2 Series
RF TRANSCEIVER
3.1
Frequency and Modulation
9410 MHz ±30MHz (X band), P0N
3.2
Peak Output Power
FR-8062: 6 kW, FR-8122: 12 kW, FR-8052: 25 kW
3.3
Intermediate Frequency
60 MHz
3.4
Tuning
Automatic or manual
3.5
Noise figure
5 dB (typical)
4. DISPLAY UNIT
4.1
Display
12.1-inch rectangular TFT color LCD, 600 x 800 dots,
Effective radar display 300 dots
4.2
Range, Range Ring Interval, Number of Rings
Range
0.125
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
1
2
1
6
2
4
3
6
4
8
6
4
7
2
9
6
Ring
Interval
0.025
0.05
0.1
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.5
0.5
1
1
2
2
4
4
6
8
8
1
2
1
6
5
5
5
3
4
6
4
6
4
6
4
6
4
6
6
6
4
6
6
No. of
rings
Max. range: FR-8252: 96 nm, FR-8062, FR-8122, 72 nm
4.3
Markers
Heading Line, Bearing Scale, Range Rings, Variable Range
Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL), Target Alarm
Zone, Waypoint Mark (navigation input required), Zoom Window
4.4
Alphanumeric Indications
Range, Range Ring Interval, Interference Rejection (IR), Variable Range Marker (VRM), Electronic Bearing Line (EBL),
Stand-by (ST-BY), Echo Averaging (EAV), TX Pulse width,
Guard Alarm (G(IN), G(OUT)), Echo Stretch (ES), Range and
Bearing to Cursor or Cursor Position, Echo Trail Reference,
Echo Trail Time, Nav Data (Position, Speed, Course, etc.),
ARP/AIS Target Data
5.
5.1
POWER SUPPLY
Rated Voltage/Current
FR-8062 - 12-24 VDC: 3.2 A (24 V, no wind)
FR-8122 - 12-24 VDC: 3.8 A (24 V, no wind)
FR-8252 - 12-24 VDC: 5.0 A (24 V, no wind)
5.2
6.
6.1
Rectifier (option)
100-115/220-230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Ambient Temperature
Antenna Unit: -25°C to +55°C
Display Unit: -15°C to +55°C
Remote Controller: +5°C to +45°C
Power Supply Unit for Antenna Unit: -15°C to +55°C
6.2
Relative Humidity
93% or less at +40°C
SP - 2
E3539S01B
2006/01/31
FURUNO
6.3
Waterproofing
FR-8xx2 Series
Antenna Unit: IPX2
Display Unit: IPX2 for front panel, IPX22 for rear panel
Remote Controller: IPX4
Power Supply Unit for Antenna Unit: IPX0
6.4
Vibration IEC 60945-4th
- 2Hz to 5 Hz and up to 13.2 Hz with a deviation of ±1 mm
±10% (7 m/s2 maximum acceleration at 13.2 Hz);
- above 13.2 Hz and up to 100 Hz with a constant maximum
acceleration of 7 m/s2 .
7.
COATING COLOR
7.1
Display Unit
N3.0
7.2
Antenna Unit
N9.5
SP - 3
E3539S01B
2006/01/31
FURUNO
FR-8xx2 Series
This page intentionally left blank.
SP - 4
E3539S01B
2006/01/31
INDEX
A
A/C RAIN control
adjustment method, 1-14
automatic adjustment, 1-15
manual adjustment, 1-15
A/C SEA control
adjustment method, 1-13
automatic adjustment, 1-13, 1-15
manual adjustment, 1-14
Advanced-level troubleshooting, 6-6
AIS
activating targets, 4-2
controls for, 4-1
CPA/TCPA alarm, 4-8
display on/off, 4-1
display range, 4-4
display sector, 4-5
history display, 4-7
lost target, 4-9
number of targets, 4-5
proximity alarm, 4-9
sleeping targets, 4-2
sorting targets, 4-4
symbol color, 4-10
target data, 4-3
vector, 4-6
Alarm message, 1-47
Antenna speed, 1-46
Anti-clutter, 1-15
ARP
acquiring targets, 3-3
activating, deactivating, 3-2
controls for, 3-2
CPA/TCPA alarm, 3-8
history display, 3-6
lost target, 3-9
proximity alarm, 3-9
symbol color, 3-10
terminating tracking of target, 3-4
usage precautions, 3-1
vector, 3-5
B
Background color, 1-42
C
CANCEL/HL OFF key, 1-36
Characteristics curve, 1-45
Color schemes, 1-42
Controls, 1-1
Course-up mode, 1-9
CPA/TCPA alarm, 4-8
AIS, 4-8
ARP, 3-8
Cursor, 1-16
CUSTOM key, 1-36
Custom setup
description, 1-36
setting, 1-38
D
Depth unit, 1-51
Dynamic range, 1-45
E
EBL
measuring bearing by, 1-20
reference, 1-21
EBL key, 1-21
Echo area, 1-49
Echo averaging, 1-28
Echo stretch, 1-27
F
F1, F2 key, 1-39
False echoes, 2-3
Function keys, 1-39
Fuse replacement, 6-3
G
GAIN control
adjustment method, 1-12
automatic adjustment, 1-12
manual adjustment, 1-12
GPS
cold start, 5-6
datum, 5-2
navigator type, 5-1
satellite monitor, 5-3
sensor installation offset, 5-5
test, 6-10
type 16 message, 5-4
WAAS, 5-2
GPS buoy
displaying, 1-54
erasing, 1-56
history display, 1-55
symbol color, 1-55
GPS test, 6-10
H
Heading line, 1-36
Head-up mode, 1-8
History display
AIS, 4-7
ARP, 3-6
I
Indications, 1-4
Initial menu, 1-50
Interference rejector, 1-17
IN-1
INDEX
K
Key beep, 1-50
L
LCD backlight life, 6-3
M
Magnetron life, 6-3
Magnetron replacement, 6-3
Maintenance
fuse replacement, 6-3
LCD backlight life, 6-3
magnetron life, 6-3
preventive, 6-2
trackball, 6-4
Menu, 1-5
MENU key, 1-5
MODE key, 1-8
Multiple echoes, 2-3
N
Navigation data
at screen bottom, 1-44
standby, 1-43
Noise rejector, 1-40
North-up mode, 1-9
O
OFF CENTER key, 1-24
Offcentering the display, 1-24
Origin mark, 1-36
P
Parallel index lines
mode, 1-35
turning on/off, 1-34
POWER/BRILL key, 1-3, 1-5
Presentation mode
course-up, 1-9
heading, 1-8
north-up, 1-9
true motion, 1-9
Preventive maintenance, 6-2
Proximity alarm
AIS, 4-9
ARP, 3-9
Pulse length, 1-11
Q
Quick start, 1-3
R
RACON, 2-6
Range and bearing between two targets, 1-21
RANGE key, 1-10
Range measurement, 1-18
Range preset, 1-51
Range ring brilliance, 1-18
Range unit, 1-50
S
SART, 2-5
IN-2
Second-trace echoes, 1-40
Sector blank, 1-52
Ship speed unit, 1-51
Sidelobe echoes, 2-3
STBY/TX key, 1-3
System configuration, 1-xi
System test, 6-8
T
Target alarm
alarm type, 1-23
deactivating, 1-23
sensitivity, 1-24
setting, 1-22
silencing, 1-22
TARGET ALARM key, 1-22
Target trails
color, 1-31
gradation, 1-31
level, 1-31
long trails, 1-33
mode, 1-30
narrow trails, 1-32
own ship trail, 1-32
restarting, 1-33
starting, 1-29
stopping, 1-29
trail copy, 1-32
Temperature unit, 1-51
Tests
GPS test, 6-10
LCD test, 6-10
system, 6-8
TLL key, 1-35
Trackball maintenance, 6-4
TRAILS key, 1-29
Troubleshooting
advanced, 6-6
simple, 6-5
True motion mode, 1-9
Tuning, 1-7
V
Virtual image, 2-4
VRM
measuring range by, 1-18
unit of range measurement, 1-20
VRM key, 1-19
W
Watchman, 1-41
Waypoint marker, 1-46
Wind direction, 1-51
Wind speed unit, 1-51
Z
ZOOM key, 1-25
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
9-52 Ashihara-Cho, Nishinomiya City, 662-8580, Hyogo, Japan
Tel: +81 798-65-2111 Fax: +81 798-65-4200
Pub NO. DOC-858
0560
Declaration of Conformity
We
FURUNO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(Manufacturer)
9-52 Ashihara-Cho, Nishinomiya City, 662-8580, Hyogo, Japan
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(Address)
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Marine radar Type FR-8XX2 series (FR-8062, FR-8122 and FR-8252)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(Model name, serial number)
are in conformity with the essential requirements as described in the Directive 1999/5/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and
telecommunications terminal equipment (R&TTE Directive) and satisfies all the technical regulations
applicable to the product within this Directive
EN 60945: 1997-01 (IEC 60945 Third edition: 1996-11) – Clauses 10.2 and 10.3
IEC 60945 Fourth edition: 2002-08 – Clauses 9.2, 9.3, 10.3, 10.4, 10,5 and 10.8
EN 60950 Third edition: 2000 (IEC 60950: 1999-04)
ITU Radio Regulations (R.R.) Appendix S3. table 2
ITU-R M.1177-3, SM.1539, SM.1541 and SM.329-9
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(title and/or number and date of issue of the standard(s) or other normative document(s))
For assessment, see
•
Statement of Opinion No: 06214004/AA/00 of 19 January 2006 issued by Telefication BV, The
Netherlands
•
EMC Test Reports FLI 12-05-048, FLI 12-05-049 and FLI 12-05-050 of 31 October 2005, FLI
12-05-065 of 12 December 2005 and Safety Test Report FLI 12-05-064 of 20 December 2005
prepared by Furuno Labotech International Co., Ltd., Japan
•
Test reports of unwanted emissions measurements K03-17-176, K03-17-177, K03-17-191,
K03-17-193 and K03-17-194 of 5 January 2004 prepared by Furuno Electric Co., Ltd., Japan
On behalf of Furuno Electric Co., Ltd.
Nishinomiya City, Japan
January 23, 2006
Hiroaki Komatsu
Manager,
International Rules and Regulations
(Place and date of issue)
(name and signature or equivalent marking of authorized person)
---------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------
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