Service manual | Furuno GP-31 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPS NAVIGATOR
DGPS NAVIGATOR
GP-31/GP-36
Your Local Agent/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, Japan
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Telefax :
0798-65-4200
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION : MAY. 1999
K
PUB.No. OME-43990
( YOSH ) GP-31/36
: APR. 26,2002
*00080877701*
*00080877701*
*00080877701*
*OME43990K00*
*OME43990K00*
*OME43990K00*
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
Safety Instructions for the Operator
CAUTION
WARNING
Do not open the equipment.
Do not use the equipment for other than
its intended purpose.
Only qualified personnel should work inside
the equipment.
Improper use of the equipment can result in
personal injury or equipment damage.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
No one navigation device should ever
be solely replied upon for the navigation
of a vessel.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
Always confirm position against all available aids to navigation, for safety of vessel
and crew.
Immediately turn off the power at the
switchboard if the equipment is emitting
smoke or fire.
GPS position and velocity accuracies
are controlled by the U.S. Department of
Defense. Position may be degraded
up to 100 meters.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock. Contact a FURUNO
agent for service.
Keep heater away from equipment.
A heater can melt the equipment’s power
cord, which can cause fire or electrical
shock.
Use the proper fuse.
A 1A fuse is provided in the power/data
cable. Use only a 1A fuse—use of a wrong
fuse can result in equipment damage.
i
i
Safety Instructions for the Installer
CAUTION
WARNING
Ground the equipment to
prevent mutual interference.
Do not open the cover unless totally
familiar with electrical circuits and
service manual.
Improper handling can result in electrical
shock.
Observe the following compass safe
distances to prevent interference to a
magnetic compass:
Turn off the power at the switchboard
before beginning the installation.
Display
unit
Fire or electrical shock can result if the
power is left on.
Standard
compass
Steering
compass
0.5 m
0.3 m
Be sure that the power supply is
compatible with the voltage rating of
the equipment.
Connection of an incorrect power supply
can cause fire or equipment damage. The
voltage rating of the equipment appears
on the label above the power connector.
DO NOT CUT THE ANTENNA CABLE.
See the instructions on the CAUTION
SHEET and the chapter on installation.
ii
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
6.5 Time Alarm .......................................... 6-3
6.6 Trip Distance Alarm ............................. 6-4
6.7 Buzzer Type Selection ........................ 6-4
FOREWORD ........................................... iv
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ............... v
EQUIPMENT LISTS .............................. vi
7. OTHER FUNCTIONS
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
7.1 Calculating Range, Bearing and TTG . 7-1
7.2 DGPS Setup, DGPS Data .................. 7-2
7.3 Bearing Reference .............................. 7-5
7.4 Magnetic Variation .............................. 7-5
7.5 Geodetic Chart System ....................... 7-6
7.6 Units of Measurement ......................... 7-6
7.7 Position Display Format ...................... 7-6
7.8 Time Difference (using local time) ...... 7-7
7.9 GPS Setup .......................................... 7-7
7.10 User Display Setup ........................... 7-9
7.11 Resetting Trip Distance ................... 7-10
7.12 Uploading, Downloading Waypoint,
Route Data ...................................... 7-10
7.13 Time Display ................................... 7-14
1.1 Control Description ............................. 1-1
1.2 Turning On and Off the Power ............ 1-2
1.3 Adjusting Display Dimmer
and Contrast ....................................... 1-2
1.4 Display Modes .................................... 1-3
1.5 Basic Menu Operation ........................ 1-7
1.6 Simulator Display ................................ 1-8
2. PLOTTER DISPLAY
OVERVIEW
2.1 Enlarging/Shrinking the
Display Range..................................... 2-1
2.2 Shifting the Cursor .............................. 2-1
2.3 Shifting the Display ............................. 2-2
2.4 Centering Own Ship’s Position ........... 2-2
2.5 Changing Track Plotting Interval,
Stopping Plotting of Track ................... 2-2
2.6 Erasing Track ...................................... 2-3
8. MAINTENANCE &
TROUBLESHOOTING
8.1 Maintenance ....................................... 8-1
8.2 Displaying the Message Board ........... 8-1
8.3 Displaying the GPS
Satellite Monitor Display ..................... 8-2
8.4 Diagnostic Test .................................... 8-2
8.5 When “BATTERY ALARM!” Appears .. 8-3
8.6 Clearing Data ...................................... 8-4
3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS)
3.1 Entering Waypoints ............................. 3-1
3.2 Entering the MOB Mark ...................... 3-3
3.3 Displaying Waypoint Name ................. 3-4
3.4 Editing Waypoints on the
WPTS/MRKS List ................................ 3-4
3.5 Deleting Waypoints ............................. 3-5
9. INSTALLATION
9.1 Installation of Display Unit .................. 9-1
9.2 Installation of Antenna Unit ................. 9-1
9.3 Wiring .................................................. 9-2
9.4 Initial Settings ...................................... 9-3
4. ROUTES
4.1 Creating a Route ................................. 4-1
4.2 Editing Routes..................................... 4-4
4.3 Deleting a Route ................................. 4-6
APPENDIX
Menu Tree .............................................. AP-1
Loran C Chains ...................................... AP-3
Decca Chains ......................................... AP-4
Geodetic Chart List ................................ AP-5
5. NAVIGATION
5.1 Setting Destination by Cursor ............. 5-1
5.2 Setting Destination by Waypoint ......... 5-1
5.3 Setting Route as Destination .............. 5-2
5.4 Canceling Destination ......................... 5-2
6. ALARMS
SPECIFICATIONS ............................ SP-1
OUTLINE DRAWING ......................... D-1
INTERCONNECTION DIAGRAM .. S-1
6.1 Arrival Alarm, Anchor Watch Alarm ..... 6-1
6.2 XTE (Cross Track Error) Alarm ........... 6-2
6.3 Speed Alarm ....................................... 6-3
6.4 DGPS Alarm ........................................ 6-3
INDEX .............................................. Index-1
Declaration of Conformity (GP-31, GP-36)
iii
FOREWORD
A Word to GP-31/GP-36
Owners
Features
The GP-31/GP-36 is a totally integrated GPS
receiver and video plotter, and consists of a
display unit and an antenna unit.
Congratulations on your choice of the GP31 GPS Navigator, GP-36 DGPS Navigator.
We are confident you will see why the
FURUNO name has become synonymous
with quality and reliability.
The GP-36 additionally has a DGPS beacon
receiver built in its display unit. The high sensitivity GPS receiver tracks up to twelve satellites simultaneously. An 8-state Kalman filter
ensures optimum accuracy in determination
of vessel position, course and speed.
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
innovative and dependable marine electronics equipment. This dedication to excellence
is furthered by our extensive global network
of agents and dealers.
The main features of the GP-31/GP-36 are
• A DGPS beacon receiver (external) may
be connected to the GP-31 to add DGPS
function.
Your navigator is designed and constructed
to meet the rigorous demands of the marine
environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless installed,
operated and maintained properly. Please
carefully read and follow the recommended
procedures for installation, operation, and
maintenance.
• Comprehensive navigation data displays
• Storage for 950 waypoints and 50 routes
• Alarms: Arrival, Anchor Watch, XTE
(Cross-track Error), Trip, Time, DGPS, and
Speed.
• Man overboard feature records latitude
and longitude or TD (Loran C or Decca)
coordinates at time of man overboard and
provides continuous updates of range and
bearing when navigating to the MOB position.
We would appreciate hearing from you, the
end-user, about whether we are achieving our
purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing
FURUNO equipment.
• Menu-driven operation
• Bright 95 x 60 mm LCD with adjustable
contrast and brilliance
• Autopilot (option) may be connected, and
steering data output to the autopilot.
• Unique “Highway” display provides a
graphic presentation of ship’s progress
toward a waypoint.
• Own ship’s position may be shown in latitude and longitude or TD (Loran C or
Decca).
• Waypoint and route data can be uploaded
from a PC or downloaded to a PC.
iv
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
GP-36 System configuration
GP-31 System configuration
v
EQUIPMENT LISTS
Standard supply
Name
Display Unit
Type
Qty
GP-36
1
GP-31
Antenna Unit
GPA-017
Remarks
BEACON board incorporated
Including hanger
and knob bolts
No BEACON board
For GP-31, with 10 m cable
GPA-018
1
For GP-36, E-field (whip) DGPS antenna, w/10 m
cable
For GP-36, H-field (loop) DGPS antenna, w/10 m
cable
GPA-019
Installation
Materials
1 set
• Power/Data cable (Type: MJ-A7SPF0005-020,
Code No.: 000-139-384)
• Spring washer (1 pc., for whip antenna of
GPA-018, Type: M10, Code No.: 000-864-261)
• Tapping screw (4 pcs., for fixing display unit,
Type: 5X20, Code No.: 000-802-081
Spare Parts
1 set
Fuse (2 pcs., Type: FGMG1A,
Code No.: 000-114-805)
Accessories
1 set
Hard cover (Type: 20-016-1091,
Code No.: 100-297-032)
Optional equipment
Name
Type
Code No.
Right Angle
Antenna Base
No.13-QA330
000-803-239
L-type Antenna
Base
No.13-QA310
000-803-240
Handrail Antenna
Base
No.13-RC5160
000-806-114
Mast Mount Kit
CP20-01111
004-365-780
Cable Assy.
MJ-A7SPF0005-020
000-139-384
Flush Mount Kit S OP-20-17
000-040-720
Flush Mount Kit F OP-20-29
000-041-405
vi
Remarks
For antenna
unit
For flush mounting the display
unit
1. OPERATIONAL OVERVIEW
1.1 Control Description
Cursor Pad
Shifts cursor and display.
Selects items on menus.
Press once: Zoom, centering,
or escapes from current operation, depending on display in
use.
Press twice: Opens menu.
Selects display mode.
MENU
ENT
DISP
GOTO
MARK
MOB
DIM
PWR
Registers items on menus.
Sets/cancels destination.
Inscribes mark, MOB mark
on the display.
Long press: Turns power
off.
Touch and release: Turns
power on. Opens the display
for adjustment of dimmer
and contrast.
Figure 1-1 Control panel
Removing the hard cover
To remove the hard cover, squeeze it at its top and bottom right (or left) corners and pull it
toward you.
Pressure
Pressure
1-1
1.2 Turning On and Off the
Power
Turning on the power
Press the [DIM/PWR] key. The unit beeps
and then starts up with the last-used display mode.
Your equipment takes about two minutes
to find its position when turned on for the
very first time.
The equipment shows receiver status indications at the top left-hand corner in all display modes. Table 1-1 shows these
indications and their meanings.
Table 1-1 Receiver status indications
Indication
Meaning
2D
Normal 2D GPS position fix
DOP
GPS position fix with DOP
more than 4 (2D position fix) or
6 (3D position fix)
3D
Normal 3D GPS position fix
D2D
Normal differential GPS
position fix
D3D
Normal 3D differential GPS
position fix
SIM
Simulation mode.
DOP: Dilution of Precision. The index for
position-fixing accuracy. The higher the
number the higher the accuracy of the
position fix.
Note: Position accuracy also depends on
satellite position.
1-2
Turning off the power
Press and hold down the [DIM/PWR] key
until the screen goes blank, approx. three
seconds. The time remaining until power
off is counted down on the display.
1.3 Adjusting Display Dimmer
and Contrast
1. Press the [DIM/PWR] key with a touchand-release action. The display shown
in Figure 1-2 appears.
DIMMER (1~8)
▼
▲ 4
CONTRAST (0~63)
t
s 41
EXIT:[ENT]
Figure 1-2 Screen for adjustment of
display dimmer and contrast
2. To adjust the dimmer, press ▲ or ▼. Current setting is shown to the right of “▲”.
3. To adjust the contrast, press t or s.
Current setting is shown to the right of
“s”.
4. Press the [ENT] key to finish.
Note: If you turn off the power with
minimum contrast,nothing appears on the
display when you turn on the power
again.Adjust the contrast as described
above.
1.4 Display Modes
Your unit has five display modes: Plotter Display, Highway Display, Steering Display, Nav
Data Display and User Display (digital data or speedometer). Press the [DISP] key to
select a display mode. Each time the key is pressed, the display mode changes in the
sequence shown below.
Figure 1-3 Display modes
Note: Position data can be shown in latitude and longitude or TDs (Loran C or Decca).
1-3
Plotter display
The plotter display traces own ship’s track, and shows position, course, speed, and horizontal display range setting.
Figure 1-4 Plotter display
Highway display
The highway display provides a 3-D view of own ship’s progress toward destination. Nav
data is also shown.
Figure 1-5 Highway display
1-4
Steering display
The steering display provides steering information such as ship’s speed, course; range,
bearing, ETA and TTG (Time-To-Go) to destination.
Figure 1-6 Steering display
Nav data display
The nav data display shows position in latitude and longitude (or TDs), course, speed,
date and time.
Figure 1-7 Nav data display
1-5
User displays
Two user displays are available, digital and speedometer, and the operator may select
which to display. The default display is the digital display.
Digital display
The digital display shows digital navigation data. The user may choose what data to display in the three cells below the receiver status, date and time indications. The choices of
data are speed, course, range, bearing, time-to-go, estimated time of arrival, trip distance
and power source voltage.
Figure 1-8 Digital display
Speedometer display
The speedometer display provides both digital and analog speed readouts. Additionally it
provides three cells of data (below the receiver status and time indication) which the user
may choose. The choices are the same as those for the digital display.
Figure 1-9 Speedometer display
1-6
1.5 Basic Menu Operation
Most operations of the your unit are carried out through the menu. Below is a quick
introduction to how to select a menu and
change menu settings. If you get lost in operation, press the [MENU] key to return to
the MAIN menu. A complete menu tree
appears in the Appendix.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
Figure 1-12 Options of TRACK REC
5. Press ▲ or ▼ to select option desired.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
How to enter alphanumeric data
In some instances it is necessary to enter
alphanumeric or character data. The example below shows how to enter a time difference of –6:30, to use local time instead
of UTC time.
Figure 1-10 Menu
Once: At the steering display, nav
data display, user display.
Twice: At the plotter display, highway
display.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
2. Operate the cursor pad to select a menu
and press the [ENT] key. For example,
select PLOTTER and press the [ENT]
key.
Figure 1-13 SYS SETUP menu
3. Press ▼ to select the TIME DIFF field.
Figure 1-11 PLOTTER SETUP menu
4. Press the [ENT] key. A cursor circumscribes “+”. This cursor appears whenever selected data can be changed with
the cursor pad.
3. Press ▲ or ▼ to select menu item. For
example, select the TRACK REC field.
4. Press the [ENT] key. A window showing
options appears. (The figure below
shows the options available for TRACK
REC.)
Figure 1-14 SYSTEM SETUP menu,
TIME DIFF field selected
1-7
5. Press ▲ to display “–”.
6. Press
digit.
to send the cursor to the next
7. Press ▲ or ▼ to display 0.
8. Press
digit.
to send the cursor to the next
9. Press ▲ or ▼ to display 6.
10.Press
digit.
to send the cursor to the next
11.Press ▲ or ▼ to display 3.
12.Press
digit.
to send the cursor to the last
Figure 1-16 SIMULATOR menu
4. Press the [ENT] key. A window appears
which shows the choices ON or OFF.
5. Select ON and press the [ENT] key.
13.Press ▲ or ▼ to display 0.
6. Press the [ENT] key, enter speed to use
for the simulation with the cursor pad,
and press the [ENT] key.
14.Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [ENT] key.
15.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
8. Select course entry method (AUTO or
MANU) and press the [ENT] key. For
manual entry of course, press the [ENT]
key again, enter course with the cursor
pad, and press the [ENT] key again.
(The AUTO course tracks a circular
course.)
1.6 Simulator Display
The simulator display provides simulated
operation of this unit. You may set the speed
manually and the course manually or automatically. All controls are operative – you
may enter marks, set destination, etc.
1. Press the [MENU] key twice to display
the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
9. Press the [ENT] key, enter latitude (usually current latitude) with the cursor pad,
and press the [ENT] key.
10.Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude
(usually current longitude), and press
the [ENT] key.
11.Press the [MENU] key twice.
12.Select the PLOTTER display with the
[DISP] key. SIM appears at the upper
left-hand corner when the simulator display is active.
Figure 1-15 SYSTEM SETUP menu
3. Select “SIMULATOR?” and press the
[ENT] key.
Figure 1-17 Simulator display,
auto course selected
1-8
13.To turn off the simulator display, select
OFF at step 5 in this procedure, press
the [ENT] key, and press the [MENU]
key twice to finish.
Note: If the power is reset while the simulator display is in use, the indication SIMULATION MODE appears at the top of the
screen at the next power up, in addition to
the indication SIM. SIMULATION MODE
disappears when any key is pressed.
1-9
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2. PLOTTER DISPLAY OVERVIEW
2.1 Enlarging/Shrinking the
Display Range
You may increase or decrease the display
range on the plotter and highway displays.
The horizontal range in the plotter display
is available among .02 (40 yd), .05 (101 yd),
0.1 (202 yd), 0.2 (405 yd), 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10,
20, 40, 80, 160 and 320 nautical miles.
(Nautical mile is the default unit of display
range. Display range may also be shown
in kilometers or miles. Ranges shorter than
the value 0.5 are also shown in yards or
meters.) The horizontal range in the highway display is available among 0.2, 0.4, 0.8,
1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 nautical miles.
1. Press the [MENU] key. The zoom, ship
centering window appears.
2.2 Shifting the Cursor
Use the cursor pad to shift the cursor. The
cursor moves in the direction of the arrow
or diagonal pressed on the cursor pad.
Cursor state and data
Cursor state determines what data is shown
on the display.
Cursor turned on
Cursor position is displayed in latitude and
longitude or TDs (depending on menu setting) at the bottom of the plotter display
when the cursor is on. The range and bearing from own ship to the cursor appear at
the left-hand side of the display.
Figure 2-1 Zoom, ship centering window
Note: The prompt “SHIP TO CENTER?”
does not appear when the highway
display mode is active.
2. Press the [ENT] key. The zoom window
appears.
Figure 2-3 Data displayed on the plotter
display when the cursor in on
Cursor turned off
Figure 2-2 Zoom window
3. Press ▲ (increase) or ▼ (decrease) to
select range desired.
The cursor is erased when there is no cursor pad operation for about six seconds.
Ship’s position, speed and course appear
at the left side of the plotter display when
the cursor is off.
4. Press the [ENT] key to finish.
2-1
2.5 Changing Track Plotting
Interval, Stopping Plotting
of Track
To trace the ship’s track, the ship’s position
is stored into the memory at an interval of
distance or automatic recording (memory
capacity: 1,000 points). For distance, a
shorter interval provides better reconstruction of the track, but the storage time of the
track is reduced. When the track memory
becomes full, the oldest track is erased to
make room for the latest.
Figure 2-4 Data displayed on the plotter
display when the cursor is turned off
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2.3 Shifting the Display
The display can be shifted on the plotter
display. Operate the cursor pad to place the
cursor at an edge of the screen. The display shifts in the direction opposite to cursor pad operation.
Figure 2-5 Menu
2. Select PLOTTER.
2.4 Centering Own Ship’s
Position
3. Press the [ENT] key.
When own ship tracks off the display the
own ship mark is automatically returned to
the screen center. You can also return it
manually as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Select SHIP TO CENTER?.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
2-2
Figure 2-6 PLOTTER SETUP menu
4. The cursor should be on the TRACK
REC field. Press the [ENT] key. The
track recording method selection window appears.
2.6 Erasing Track
All track can be erased. Track cannot be
restored once erased, therefore be absolutely sure you want to erase all track.
Figure 2-7 Track recording
method selection window
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
5. Select OFF, DISTANCE or AUTO and
then press the [ENT] key.
OFF: Track is neither recorded or plotted. This setting is useful when you do
not need to record track, for example,
when returning to port.
DISTANCE: Track is recorded and plotted at the distance interval set.
AUTO: Plotting and recording interval
changes with chart scale selected.
2. Select ERASE and press the [ENT] key
to display the ERASE menu.
If you selected DISTANCE, enter the recording interval as follows:
a) Press the [ENT] key.
b) Press
or
to select digit to
change.
c) Press ▲ or ▼ to change value.
d) Press the [ENT] key after setting.
Figure 2-8 ERASE menu
3. Select “TRACK?” and press the [ENT]
key. The message shown in Figure 2-9
appears.
6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Figure 2-9 Prompt for erasure of track
4. Press the [ENT] key to erase all track.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
2-3
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3. WAYPOINTS (MARKS)
3.1 Entering Waypoints
In navigation terminology a waypoint is a
particular location on a voyage whether it
be a starting, intermediate or destination
waypoint. Your unit can store 950
waypoints. Waypoints can be entered on
the plotter display four ways: at cursor position, at own ship’s position, through the
menu (manual input of L/L or TD), and by
MOB position.
c) Press
to move the cursor to the
next column and press ▲ or ▼ to display B.
d) Press
to move the cursor to the
next column and press ▲ or ▼ to display E.
e) Press the [ENT] key. The following
window appears.
Entering a waypoint by the cursor
1. On the plotter display, use the cursor
pad to place the cursor on the location
you want to make a waypoint.
2. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
Figure 3-2 Waypoint position,
comment entry window
4. This window is where you can select
mark shape, enter a comment, and log
the waypoint to a route. (If you do not
need to change mark shape, enter a
comment, or save waypoint to a route,
select “Exit?” and press the [ENT] key
to finish.) How to log waypoints to a
route will be discussed in the chapter
on routes.
Figure 3-1 Waypoint name entry window
3. The cursor is on the second line of the
display. This is where you may enter
waypoint name, which may consist of
six characters. (The number shown is
the youngest empty waypoint number.
If you would rather have the unit register the waypoint under that number, and
you do not need to change mark shape
or enter a comment, press the [ENT] key
twice to register the waypoint and finish.) To enter KOBE as the waypoint
name, for example, do the following:
a) Press ▲ or ▼ to display K.
b) Press
to move the cursor to the
next column and press ▲ or ▼ to display O.
a) Use the cursor pad to place the cursor under MARK.
b) Press the [ENT] key.
c) Select mark desired with ▲ or ▼.
Figure 3-3 Mark selection sequence
d) Press the [ENT] key.
3-1
e) The cursor is on the date/time field.
Press the [ENT] key.
f) Enter a comment (max. 16 characters) with the cursor pad (the same
as you did when entering waypoint
name) and press the [ENT] key. To
create a space, select “blank” character. To remove all characters which
follow the cursor, select the underline.
g) The cursor is on “Exit?.” Press the
[ENT] key.
h) Press the [ENT] key again to finish.
Note: “LOG RT?” function is explained in
the chapter on routes.
Entering a waypoint at own ship’s
position
1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key on any display. The following window appears.
5. The cursor is on the date/time field. To
change the date to a comment, press
the [ENT] key, enter a comment with the
cursor pad, and press the [ENT] key
again.
6. Place the cursor on “Exit?.” Press the
[ENT] key to finish.
Entering a waypoint through the
waypoint list
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select WAYPOINTS.
3. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears. Select LIST. (NEAREST
displays waypoints from nearest to furthest; however, waypoints cannot be
entered from this display.)
Figure 3-5 Waypoint list selection window
4. Press the [ENT] key. The WPTS/MRKS
list appears.
Figure 3-4 Own ship’s position window
2. If you want to register the waypoint under the number shown, and you do not
need to change mark shape, enter a
comment, or log the waypoint to a route,
press the [ENT] key to finish.
Figure 3-6 WPTS/MRKS list
3. To change name, select the NAME field,
press the [ENT] key, select name with
the cursor pad, and press the [ENT] key.
CURSOR: Cursor position when
destination is set with cursor.
MOB: Man overboard position.
START: Starting point when destination is selected.
4. To change mark shape, place the cursor under MARK. Press the [ENT] key,
select mark shape with the cursor pad,
and press the [ENT] key again.
5. The cursor is on NEW. Press the [ENT]
key.
3-2
3.2 Entering the MOB Mark
The MOB mark denotes man overboard position. Only one MOB mark may be entered.
Each time the MOB mark is entered the previous MOB mark and its position data are
written over.
1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key.
Figure 3-7 Screen for entering
waypoint name
6. Enter name (if desired) with the cursor
pad and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 3-9 MOB window
2. Press
Figure 3-8 Screen for entering
waypoint latitude and longitude
to select “MOB?.”
Note: Pressing the [ENT] key instead
of
at step 2 saves the position as a
waypoint. “LOG RT?” function is
explained in the chapter on routes.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Use the cursor pad to place the cursor
on the second line (latitude or TD) and
press the [ENT] key. Enter latitude (TD)
and press the [ENT] key.
8. Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude
(TD) in similar fashion as you did with
latitude and press the [ENT] key.
Note: To enter position by TDs, see
paragraph 7.7 “Displaying Position in
TDs.”
9. To change mark shape, select mark
shape currently shown and press the
[ENT] key. Select mark desired with the
cursor pad and press the [ENT] key.
10.To change date and time to the comment of your choice, press the [ENT]
key, enter comment, and press the
[ENT] key again.
Figure 3-10 MOB window-2
4. To set MOB position as destination,
press the [ENT] key. Then, the plotter
display marks MOB position as shown
in Figure 3-11.
Note: Selecting “NO” and pressing the
[ENT] key at step 4 saves the position
as a waypoint.
11.Place the cursor on “Exit?.” Press the
[ENT] key.
12.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
3-3
3.4 Editing Waypoints on the
WPTS/MRKS List
Waypoint position, waypoint name, mark
shape and comment can be edited on the
WPTS/MRKS List.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select WAYPOINTS and press the
[ENT] key.
Figure 3-11 Screen appearance when
MOB is set as destination
3.3 Displaying Waypoint Name
You may display on the plotter display all
waypoint names or only the GOTO
waypoint name as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select PLOTTER and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Place the cursor on the WYPT NAME
field and press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
3. Select LIST or NEAREST and press the
[ENT] key.
4. Select waypoint to edit and press the
[ENT] key.
Note: CURSOR, MOB or START are
automatically updated according to
destination
setting
or
MOB
setting.Therefore,editing these items
has no meaning.
5. Select the NAME field and press the
[ENT] key.
6. Change name with the cursor pad and
press the [ENT] key. You are then asked
if you want to create or rename the
waypoint, or quit (escape) this display.
Figure 3-13 CREATE, RENAME prompt
Figure 3-12 DSP GOTO, DSP ALL
selection window
4. Select DSP GOTO or DSP ALL as appropriate and press the [ENT] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7. Select objective and press the [ENT]
key.
8. Change position, mark shape, comment
as desired.
9. Select “Exit?” and press the [ENT] key.
10.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
3-4
3.5 Deleting Waypoints
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select ERASE and press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the waypoint you want to erase.
Note: You cannot erase CURSOR,
MOB or START.
5. Press the [ENT] key. A screen showing
position and other particulars of the
waypoint selected appears.
Figure 3-14 ERASE menu
3. The cursor is on the “WAYPOINTS/
MARKS?” field. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 3-16 ERASE prompt
6. Select “ERASE?” and press the [ENT]
key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Figure 3-15 ERASE WP/MRK display
3-5
This page is intentionally left blank.
4. ROUTES
In many cases a trip from one place to another involves several course changes, requiring a series of waypoints which you
navigate to, one after another. The sequence of waypoints leading to the ultimate
destination is called a route. Your unit can
automatically advance to the next waypoint
on a route, so you do not have to change
the destination waypoint repeatedly.
4.1 Creating a Route
You can store up to 50 routes (numbered
01 to 50) and one LOG route, and each
route may contain up to 30 waypoints. A
route may be constructed four ways: by the
cursor, through the waypoints list, current
position (track-based route) and through the
route menu.
Note: Be sure to record all important routes
in a separate log. This unit is not a fail-safe
record keeping device.
Figure 4-1 Sample route
Creating a route with cursor
positions
This is probably the easiest method by
which to create a route.
1. Use the cursor pad to place the cursor
on position desired. (Cursor position is
shown at the bottom of the screen.)
2. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
Figure 4-2 Waypoint name entry window
The cursor is on the second line of the
display. This is where you may enter
waypoint name. The number shown is
the youngest empty waypoint number.
If you would rather have the unit
register the waypoint under that number, and you do not need to change
mark shape or enter a comment,
press the [ENT] key to register the
waypoint and proceed to step 5.
3. If desired, change the waypoint
name.(See page 3-1 for how to enter
waypoint name.) Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 4-3 Waypoint position,
comment entry window
4. If necessary, change waypoint, position,
mark shape, and comment (date and
time).
5. Select the item “LOG RT?” and press
the [ENT] key.
6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 to complete
the route.
7. When you have entered all the waypoint
positions desired, press the [MENU] key
twice, select ROUTES and press the
[ENT] key.
4-1
4. Select “NEW?” and press the [ENT] key.
The screen shown in Figure 4-7 appears.
Figure 4-4 ROUTES menu
8. The LOG field shows the first and last
waypoints entered for the log route you
are currently creating. Select the LOG
field and press the [ENT] key. The EDIT/
MOVE window appears.
Figure 4-5 EDIT/MOVE window
9. Select “MOVE?” and press the [ENT]
key. The route is moved from the LOG
field and is registered under the next sequential route number.
Creating a route with preregistered
waypoints from the route menu
The procedure which follows describes how
to create a route from two preregistered
waypoints, KOBE and OSAKA, on the
ROUTE screen.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
Figure 4-7 Screen for entering route
5. Press ▲ and the [ENT] key to change
route name, if desired. (If no name is
entered the name of the first and last
waypoints in the route will become the
route name, although you may change
the name at a later time.) Enter route
name and press the [ENT] key.The cursor is on line 01 and press the [ENT]
key.
6. Press [ENT] key and press ▲ or ▼ to
display waypoint name. (In the example,
KOBE.)
7. Press the [ENT] key. The cursor moves
to the next line.
8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 until you have entered all waypoints desired.
Note: If you enter a waypoint which has
not been registered, the display will look
something like the one below. Select
YES to create a new waypoint; NO to
return to the route entry screen.
2. Select ROUTES.
3. Press the [ENT] key. The screen shown
in Figure 4-6 appears.
Figure 4-8 New waypoint name screen
Figure 4-6 ROUTES list
4-2
When you select YES followed by [ENT]
key,following screen appears.Edit the
waypoint,select Exit and press the
[ENT] key.
4. Select a waypoint and press the [ENT]
key. Your screen should look something
like the one in Figure 4-11.
Figure 4-9Waypoint data screen
9. Select “Exit?.”
Figure 4-12 Waypoint data screen
10.Press the [ENT] key to register the route.
5. Select “LOG RT?” and press the [ENT]
key.
Then, ROUTES list shows the name of
the first and last waypoints, next to route
number.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to complete the
route.
7. Press the [MENU] key once.
8. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key. Your screen should now look something like the one shown in Figure 4-12.
Figure 4-10 ROUTES list
11.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Creating a route with preregistered
waypoints from the waypoint list
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
Figure 4-13 ROUTES list
9. Select the LOG field and press the [ENT]
key. The EDIT/MOVE window appears.
2. Select WAYPOINTS and press the
[ENT] key.
3. Select LIST or NEAREST and press the
[ENT] key.
Figure 4-14 EDIT/MOVE window
10.Select “MOVE?” and press the [ENT]
key. The route is moved from the LOG
field and assigned the next sequential
route number.
Figure 4-11 Waypoints/marks (list)
4-3
Creating a track-based route
This method stores current position at appropriate intervals. It is useful for retracing
previous ship’s track.
1. Press the [MARK/MOB] key.
Note: You can create a route using a combination of current positions and waypoint
positions (including cursor position). The
route can be started from a waypoint position or current position. The former method
allows you to select the route name beforehand.
4.2 Editing Routes
Replacing waypoints in a route
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
Figure 4-15 MOB window
2. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key.
2. Change name, comment, mark shape
if desired. Select “LOG RT?” and press
the [ENT] key.
3. Select the route to edit.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 at appropriate intervals.
5. Place the cursor on the waypoint to replace.
4. When you have entered all the waypoint
positions desired, press the [MENU] key
twice, select ROUTES and press the
[ENT] key.
6. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
4. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 4-18 Route editing method
selection window
Figure 4-16 ROUTES menu
7. “CHANGE?” is selected; press the
[ENT] key.
5. Select the LOG field and press the [ENT]
key. The EDIT/MOVE window appears.
Figure 4-17 EDIT/MOVE window
6. Select “MOVE?” and press the [ENT]
key. The route is moved from the LOG
field and is registered under the next sequential route number.
Figure 4-19 Waypoint screen
8. Press the [ENT] key. Use the cursor pad
to select waypoint.
9. Press the [ENT] key.
4-4
Note: If the name selected at step 8
has not been used, the window shown
in Figure 4-19 appears. Select
“CREATE?” or “RENAME?” as
appropriate and press the [ENT] key.
5. Select the waypoint which will come after the waypoint to be inserted. In Figure 4-20, for example, if you want to
insert a waypoint between KOBE and
001, select 001.
Figure 4-20 CREATE, RENAME prompt
10.Select “Exit?.”
11.Press the [ENT] key.
12.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Figure 4-21 ROUTE screen
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Select “INSERT?.”
Permanently deleting a waypoint
from a route
8. Press the [ENT] key.
1. Press the [MENU] key or twice to display the menu.
10.Press the [ENT] key.
2. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select the route from the ROUTES list.
4. Press the [ENT] key.
5. Select the waypoint you want to delete.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Select “REMOVE?.”
9. Use the cursor pad to select waypoint.
11.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Temporarily deselecting a waypoint
in a route
You can temporarily deselect an unnecessary waypoint from a route. Using the route
created in Figure 4-21 as an example, deselect the 2nd intermediate waypoint.
8. Press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Inserting a waypoint in a route
To insert a waypoint in a route, do the following:
Figure 4-22 Sample route
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
If you reconstruct the route without the 2nd
intermediate point it would look like Figure
4-22.
2. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select the route from the ROUTES list.
4. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 4-23 Route in Figure 4-21
reconstructed without 2nd
intermediate waypoint
4-5
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
display the menu.
2. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key.
[ENT] key.
5. Enter comment with the cursor pad and
press the [ENT] key.
6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
3. Select a route from the ROUTES list,
and press the [ENT] key.
4. Place the cursor on the waypoint to skip.
4.3 Deleting a Route
5. Press the [ENT] key.
1. Press the [MENU] key or twice to display the menu.
6. Select “SKIP?” and press the [ENT] key.
X appears to the left of the waypoint.
2. Select ERASE and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select “ROUTES?” and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select the route you want delete. If you
want to delete all routes, select “ALL?.”
5. Press the [ENT] key. You are asked if
you are sure to delete the route.
Figure 4-24 ROUTE screen
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
To restore a waypoint to a route, select
“SKPoFF ?”at step 6 and press the [ENT]
key.
Figure 4-25 ERASE ROUTE prompt
Changing route comment (name)
6. Press the [ENT] key again.
When a waypoint- or track-based route is
saved, it is done under the next sequential
route number and the comment (name)
under the starting and final destination
waypoints. You can change the comment
as below. Up to 16 characters may be used.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
1. Press the [MENU] key or twice to display the menu.
2. Select ROUTES and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select route number and press the
[ENT] key.
4. Select the CMNT field and press the
4-6
5. NAVIGATION
Destination can be set four ways: by cursor, by waypoint, by route, and by MOB position. Previous destination is cancelled
whenever a destination is newly set.
5. Press the [ENT] key.
A dashed line connects own ship and the
destination, which is marked with CURSOR
and an X, as shown in Figure 5-3.
CURSOR
x
5.1 Setting Destination by
Cursor
1. Press the [GOTO] key to display the
GOTO window.
Figure 5-3 Destination set by cursor
GOTO
WPT-LIST?
WPT-NEAR??
ROUTE?
CURSOR?
OFF?
5.2 Setting Destination by
Waypoint
1. Press the [GOTO] key.
2. Select “WPT-LIST” or “WPT-NEAR?”.
Figure 5-1 GOTO window
2. Select “CURSOR?.”
3. Press the [ENT] key. The plotter display
appears with “?” shown to the right of
the cursor.
Cursor appears with "?".
2D
[ 40
n
m ]
3. Press the [ENT] key. The SELECT
GOTO WYPT list appears.
SELECT GOTO WYPT
[NEW?]
003
006
CURSOR
OSAKA
---------------
?
72°
RNG: +
54.5 mn
34°44.000N 135°21.000E
Figure 5-2 Cursor appearance
when setting destination by cursor
4. Place the cursor on the location desired
for destination.
002
005
008
MOB
-------------------
WPT-LIST
+GOTO?
BRG: +
001
004
007
KOBE
START
-------------
SELECT GOTO WYPT
OSAKA
START
006
005
004
008
CURSOR
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
1.90
2.97
3.53
4.79
4.86
5.21
6.41
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
nm
335
68
15
11
15
345
356
WPT-NEAR
Figure 5-4 SELECT GOTO WYPT screens
5-1
4. Select a waypoint.
[ROUTE 01]
5. Press the [ENT] key.
Intermediate Point 1
(WPT 001)
Own ship’s position becomes starting point
and a dashed line runs between it and the
waypoint selected, which is shown in reverse video.
Intermediate Point 2
(WPT 002)
OSAKA
(Arrival point)
FORWARD
REVERSE
KOBE
(Starting point)
Intermediate Point 1
(WPT 003)
Figure 5-7 Meaning of forward
and reverse
5.3 Setting Route as
Destination
1. Press the [GOTO] key.
2. Select ROUTE?.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
SELECT GOTO ROUTE
NO
LOG
01
02
03
O4
05
[NEW?]
EMPTY ROUTE
017→21
017
OSAKA→KOBE
EIMI→KIMI
BOSTON
SEATTLE→HONOLULU
Current position becomes the starting point.
A dotted line runs between the starting point
and all route waypoints. Next destination
waypoint is shown in reverse video.
The destination waypoint is automatically
switched when the boat enters the arrival
alarm range or the boat passes an imaginary perpendicular line passing through the
center of the destination waypoint. For how
to set the arrival alarm, see page 6-1.
WPT 2
Waypoint switched
at this point.
Figure 5-5 GOTO ROUTE list
4. Select a route.
5. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
FORWARD?
REVERSE?
Figure 5-6 FORWARD, REVERSE
prompt
6. Select “FORWARD?” or “REVERSE?”,
the order in which to traverse the route
waypoints, and press the [ENT] key.
WPT 1
Perpendicular
WPT 2
Waypoint switched
at this point.
WPT 1
Arrival Alarm Circle
5.4 Canceling Destination
You can cancel destination as follows:
1. Press the [GOTO] key.
2. Select OFF?.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
5-2
6. ALARMS
There are seven alarm conditions which
generate both aural and visual alarms: Arrival alarm, Anchor watch alarm, XTE
(Cross-Track Error) alarm, Speed alarm,
DGPS alarm, Time alarm, and Trip alarm.
When an alarm setting is violated, the
buzzer sounds, and the name of the offending alarm and the alarm icon appear on the
display. You can silence the buzzer and
remove the alarm name indication by pressing any key; the alarm icon remains on the
screen until the reason for the alarm is
cleared.
You can see which alarm(s) is sounding by
displaying the message board by the following keying sequence: [MENU] (once or
twice) MESSAGE, [ENT]. The message
board is discussed in paragraph 8.2 “Displaying the Message Board.”
6.1 Arrival Alarm, Anchor
Watch Alarm
You may activate the arrival alarm or the
anchor watch alarm; they cannot be activated together.
Arrival alarm
The arrival alarm informs you that own ship
is approaching a destination waypoint. The
area that defines an arrival zone is that of
a circle which you approach from the outside of the circle. The alarm will be released
if own ship enters the circle.
Figure 6-2 How the arrival alarm works
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key. The ALARMS
menu appears.
Figure 6-1 Location of alarm
message and icon
Figure 6-3 ALARMS menu
6-1
4. If ARV is not selected from the ARV/ANC
field, select the ARV/ANC field and press
the [ENT] key. The display shown in Figure 6-4 appears. Select ARV and press
the [ENT] key. (If ARV is already selected, select the ARV/ANC field and
press .)
Figure 6-4 Arrival/anchor window
5. Press the [ENT] key. Enter the alarm
range (0.01-99.99 nm) with the cursor
pad.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When own ship nears the GOTO waypoint
by the range set here, the buzzer sounds
and the message ARV ALARM! and the
alarm icon appear. To disable the alarm, select OFF at step 4.
Anchor watch alarm
The anchor watch alarm sounds to warn you
that own ship is moving when it should be
at rest.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. If ANC is not selected from the ARV/ANC
field, select the ARV/ANC field and press
the [ENT] key. The display shown in Figure 6-4 appears. Select ANC and press
the [ENT] key. (If ANC is already selected, select the ARV/ANC field and
press .)
5. Press the [ENT] key. Enter the alarm
range (0.01-99.99 nm) with the cursor
pad.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When own ship drifts more than the range
set here, the buzzer sounds and the message ANC ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. To disable the alarm, select OFF at
step 4.
6.2 XTE (Cross Track Error)
Alarm
The XTE alarm warns you when own ship
is off its intended course.
Figure 6-6 How the XTE alarm works
Figure 6-5 How the anchor watch
alarm works
Before setting the anchor watch alarm, set
current position as destination waypoint.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
6-2
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the XTE field and press the [ENT]
key.
5. Select ON or OFF as appropriate and
press the [ENT] key.
6. For ON, press the [ENT] key again.
7. Enter alarm range (range: 0.01-99.99
nm) with the cursor pad.
8. Press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When own ship strays from the intended
track by the range set here, the buzzer
sounds and message XTE ERROR! and
the alarm icon appear. To disable the alarm,
select OFF at step 5.
6.3 Speed Alarm
The speed alarm sounds when ship’s speed
is higher (or lower) the alarm range set.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
6.4 DGPS Alarm
This alarm alerts you by aural and visual
alarms when the DGPS beacon signal is
lost.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the DGPS field and press the
[ENT] key.
5. Select ON or OFF as appropriate.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When the DGPS alarm setting is violated,
the buzzer sounds and the message DGPS
ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. To disable the DGPS alarm select OFF at step 5.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the SPEED field and press the
[ENT] key.
6.5 Time Alarm
5. Select OFF, LO or HI as appropriate.
OFF: Disables the speed alarm.
LO: Alarm sounds when speed is
lower than speed set.
HI: Alarm sounds when speed is
higher than speed set.
This alarm alerts you by aural and visual
alarms when the time entered has come.
6. For LO or HI, Press the [ENT] key twice.
7. Enter speed (range: 0.1-999.9 kt) with
the cursor pad.
8. Press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When the speed alarm setting is violated,
the buzzer sounds and the message SPD
ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. To disable the alarm, select OFF at step 5.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the TIME field and press the
[ENT] key.
5. Select ON or OFF as appropriate and
press the [ENT] key.
6. For ON, press the [ENT] key again.
7. Enter time desired with the cursor pad.
8. Press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When the time entered has come, the
buzzer sounds and the message TIME
ALARM! and the alarm icon appear. To disable the timer alarm select OFF at step 5.
6-3
6.6 Trip Distance Alarm
6.7 Buzzer Type Selection
This alarm alerts you by aural and visual
alarms when your boat has traveled a
greater distance than the preset trip alarm
distance.
The buzzer sounds whenever an alarm
setting is violated. You can select the type
of buzzer to use as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the TRIP field and press the
[ENT] key.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ALARMS.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select the BUZZER field and press the
[ENT] key. The following display appears.
5. Select ON or OFF as appropriate and
press the [ENT] key.
6. For ON, press the [ENT] key again.
7. Enter distance desired (range: 1-999
nm) with the cursor pad.
8. Press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
When the boat has traveled further than the
preset trip distance, the buzzer sounds and
the message TRIP ALARM! and the alarm
icon appear. To disable the trip alarm select OFF at step 5.
6-4
Figure 6-7 Buzzer type selection window
5. Select buzzer type desired and press
the [ENT] key.
SHORT: Two short beeps
LONG: Three long beeps
CONSTANT: Continuous beeps
6. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7. OTHER FUNCTIONS
7.1 Calculating Range, Bearing
and TTG
10.Select AUTO or MANU. AUTO uses
ship’s average speed; MANU is for
manual entry of speed.
Range and bearing between two
waypoints
11.Press the [ENT] key.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
12.If you selected MANU, press the [ENT]
key again. Enter speed with the cursor
pad and press the [ENT] key.
2. Select CALCULATE.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-4 shows what the display might
look like using waypoints KOBE and
OSAKA as the FROM and TO
waypoints, respectively.
Figure 7-1 CALCULATION menu
4. Press the [ENT] key to display the window shown in Figure 7-2.
Figure 7-4 Typical range and bearing
calculation display
13.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Figure 7-2 WAYPOINTS, ROUTE prompt
5. Select WAYPOINTS and press the
[ENT] key.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Enter the FROM waypoint and press the
[ENT] key.
8. Press the [ENT] key, enter the TO
waypoint and press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [ENT] key. The window shown
in Figure 7-3 appears.
Range, TTG, ETA between first and
final waypoints of a route
You can easily find the range, TTG and ETA
between the first and final waypoints of a
route as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select CALCULATE and press the
[ENT] key.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select ROUTE and press the [ENT] key.
5. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-3 AUTO, MANUAL prompt
6. Select route number from the route list
with the cursor pad.
7-1
7. Press the [ENT] key to display the window shown in Figure 7-3.
8. Select AUTO or MANU. AUTO uses
ship’s average speed to calculate timeto-go; MANU is for manual entry of
speed.
9. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected
AUTO no further operation is necessary.
For MANU, press the [ENT] key again.
Enter speed with the cursor pad and
press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-6 DGPS SETUP menu
Figure 7-5 shows what the display might
look like using Route-01 as an example.
Figure 7-5 Typical calculation
display (route)
7.2 DGPS Setup, DGPS Data
The GP-36 is equipped with a DGPS beacon receiver, and is set at the factory for
automatic beacon receiver operation. To
manually adjust the GP-36’s beacon receiver, or set up the GP-36 or GP-31 to use
an external DPGS beacon receiver, do the
following:
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select D-GPS and press the [ENT] key.
7-2
3. The cursor is on the BEACON field.
Press the [ENT] key.
4. A window showing the choices INT, EXT
and OFF appears. Select one of those
items and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-7 Beacon receiver
selection window
INT: For internal DGPS beacon
receiver (GP-36 only)
EXT: For external DGPS beacon
receiver
OFF: Disables DGPS function. When
the DGPS function turns off,it takes
about 1 minute to fix GPS position.
Note: When connecting a FURUNO
external DGPS beacon receiver (such
as GR-80) to the GP-31, turn the GR80’s remote function on to set up the
beacon receiver with data set on the
GP-31.
LIST
a) The following display appears after
pressing the [ENT] key at step 7.
5. The cursor is on the STATION field.
Press the [ENT] key.
6. Choose DGPS beacon station selection
method: AUTO, MANUAL or LIST.
AUTO: Automatically searches for
best of five nearest DGPS beacon
station. It first searches DGPS beacon
stations from closest to furthest. If
unsuccessful it searches stations by
signal strength. This procedure is
repeated until a suitable station is
found.
MANUAL: Manually enter DGPS
beacon station specifications in the
RATE and FREQ fields, referring to a
DGPS beacon station list.
LIST: Lists 5 of the closest DGPS
beacon stations, including user-programmed stations.
7. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected
AUTO no further operation is required;
press the [ENT] key to finish. For
MANUAL or LIST do one of the following:
MANUAL
a) The cursor is now on the RATE
field. Press the [ENT] key.
b) Select the transmission rate of the
DGPS beacon station to be used,
among 50, 100 or 200 bps. Press
the [ENT] key.
c) The cursor is now on the FREQ
field. Press the [ENT] key.
d) Enter the transmission frequency
of the DGPS beacon station to be
used and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-8 DGPS beacon station list
b) Select desired station with the
Cursor Pad.
c) Press the [ENT] key.
11.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
Note that the STATION field in the DGPS
menu now shows MANUAL.
Programming user channels
(stations)
The user may program 20 DGPS beacon
stations from which to use in DGPS beacon station selection. Whenever a new station is constructed you include it in the list.
1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the
menu.
2. Select DGPS and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select STATION and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select LIST and press the [ENT] key.
The display shown in Figure 7-8 appears.
5. Select USER and press the [ENT] key.
The following display appears.
7-3
Editing user channels
1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the
menu.
2. Select DGPS and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select STATION and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select LIST and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-9 STATION (USER) display
5. Select USER and press the [ENT] key.
6. Select “NEW?” and press the [ENT] key.
The following display appears.
6. Select a station from the list and press
the [ENT] key. The display looks something like the one below.
Figure 7-10 NEW USER
CHANNEL display
7. Press the [ENT] key, enter frequency of
the station, and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-11 Display for editing
user channels
7. Select item, press the [ENT] key, edit
data, and press the [ENT] key.
8. Select “SAVE?” and press the [ENT] key.
8. Press the [ENT] key, enter baud rate of
the station, and press the [ENT] key.
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
9. Press the [ENT] key, enter latitude of the
station, and press the [ENT] key.
Erasing all user channels
10 Press the [ENT] key, enter longitude of
the station, and press the [ENT] key.
11.Select “SAVE?” and press the [ENT] key.
12.Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the
menu.
2. Select DGPS and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select STATION and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select LIST and press the [ENT] key.
5. Select USER and press the [ENT] key.
6. Select CLR? and press the [ENT] key.
The following message appears.
7-4
Figure 7-12 Prompt for erasure of all user
channels
Figure 7-8 PLOTTER SETUP menu
7. Press the [ENT] key to erase all user
channels.
4. Select the BRG. REF. field.
Erasing individual user channels
5. Press the [ENT] key. The following window appears.
1. Press the [MENU] key twice to open the
menu.
2. Select D-GPS and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select STATION and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select LIST and press the [ENT] key.
5. Select USER and press the [ENT] key.
6. Select a channel from the list and press
the [ENT] key.
7. Select “ERASE?”.
8. Press the [ENT] key to erase channel
selected.
7.3 Bearing Reference
Ship's course and bearing to a waypoint
may be displayed in true or magnetic bearing. Magnetic bearing is true bearing plus
(or minus) earth’s magnetic deviation. Use
the bearing reference according to compass interfaced: magnetic for magnetic
compass, true for gyrocompass.
The default setting displays magnetic bearings.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select PLOTTER.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-9 Bearing reference
selection window
6. Select MAG or TRUE.
7. Press the [ENT] key.
8. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.4 Magnetic Variation
The location of the magnetic north pole is
different from the geographical north pole.
This causes a difference between the true
and magnetic north direction. This difference is called magnetic variation, and varies with respect to the observation point on
earth. Your unit is preprogrammed with all
the earth's magnetic variation. However,
you may wish to enter variation manually
to refine accuracy. When the option MAG
is selected on the item BRG REF., use
magnetic variation.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select PLOTTER and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select the MAG. VAR. field.
4. Press the [ENT] key.
7-5
5. Select AUTO or MANU and press the
[ENT] key. For automatic magnetic
variation, current magnetic variation
appears to the right of AUTO.
6. If you selected AUTO, no further operation is necessary; press the [MENU] key
twice to finish. For MANU, press the
[ENT] key and enter magnetic variation
as follows:
a) If necessary, change coordinate from
east to west or vice versa by pressing ▲ or ▼.
b) Enter variation in two digits with the
cursor pad, referring to a nautical
chart.
c) Press the [ENT] key.
d) Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.5 Geodetic Chart System
5. If you selected WGS72 or WGS84,
press the [MENU] key twice to finish. For
OTHER, do the following:
a) Press the [ENT] key.
b) Select chart number referring to the
geodetic chart list on page A-5.
c) Press the [ENT] key.
d) Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.6 Units of Measurement
Distance/speed can be displayed in nautical miles/knots, kilometers/kilometers per
hour, or miles/miles per hour.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select UNITS.
Your unit is preprogrammed to recognize
most of the major chart systems of the
world. Although the WGS-84 system, the
GPS standard, is now widely used other
categories of charts still exist. Select the
chart system used, not the area where your
boat is sailing. The default chart system is
WGS-84.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Press the [ENT] key.
5. Choose combination desired; nm, kt;
nm, km/h; mi, mi/h.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.7 Position Display Format
Position may shown in Lat./Long., TDs (Loran C or Decca) as follows. Decca and Loran C chain data is preprogrammed.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select TD SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
Figure 7-10 SYSTEM SETUP menu
3. Press the [ENT] key.
4. Select WGS84, (GPS standard) WGS72
or OTHER as appropriate and press the
[ENT] key.
7-6
Figure 7-11 TD SETUP menu
3. The cursor is on the first line. Press the
[ENT] key. The following window appears.
7.8 Time Difference (using local
time)
XX.XXX'
XX'XX.X"
LC TD
DE TD
GPS uses UTC time. If you would rather
use local time, enter the time difference
(range: -13:30 to +13:30) between local
time and UTC time.
Figure 7-12 LAT/LON, LC TD,
DE TD selection window
4. Select XX.XXX’, XX’XX.X”, LC TD (Loran C) or DE TD (Decca).
XX.XXX’: Shows position with no seconds.
XX’XX.X”: Displays position with seconds.
5. Press the [ENT] key. If you selected latitude and longitude go to step 7.
6. For Loran C or Decca, do one of the following:
For Loran C TD;
a) The cursor is on the LORAN C field.
Press the [ENT] key.
b) Use the cursor pad to choose GRI
code and secondary codes, referring
to the Loran C chain list on page A-3.
c) Press the [ENT] key.
d) If necessary enter TD offsets in appropriate TD field(s) to refine position
accuracy.
For Decca TD;
a) Select the DECCA field and press the
[ENT] key.
b) Use the cursor pad to choose Decca
chain number and lane pair (R, Red,
G, Green, P, Purple), referring to the
Decca chain list on page A-4.
c) Press the [ENT] key.
d) If necessary enter TD offsets in appropriate TD field(s) to refine position
accuracy.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Press ▼ to select the TIME DIFF field
and press the [ENT] key.
4. Press ▲ or ▼ to display + or –.
5. Enter time difference with the cursor
pad.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.9 GPS Setup
The GPS SETUP menu smooths position
and course, averages speed, applies position offset, and deactivates unhealthy satellites.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select GPS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
GPS SETUP
SMOOTH POS
SMOOTH S/C
AVR. SPEED
LAT OFFSET
LON OFFSET
DISABLE SV
FIX MODE
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0 SEC
5 SEC
1 MIN
0.000'N
0.000'E
–– ––
2/3D
Figure 7-13 GPS SETUP menu
3. Select item and press the [ENT] key.
4. Change setting with the cursor pad and
press the [ENT] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7-7
GPS SETUP menu description
LAT/LON OFFSET (L/L position offset)
SMOOTH POS (Smoothing position)
You may apply an offset to latitude and longitude position generated by the GPS receiver, to increase position accuracy.
When the DOP (Dilution of Precision, the
index for position-fixing accuracy) or receiving condition is unfavorable, the GPS fix
may change greatly, even if the vessel is
dead in water. This change can be reduced
by smoothing the raw GPS fixes. The setting range is from 0 (no smoothing) to 999
seconds. The higher the setting the more
smoothed the raw data, however too high
a setting slows response time to change in
latitude and longitude. This is especially noticeable at high ship’s speeds. “0” is the normal setting; increase the setting if the GPS
fix changes greatly.
SMOOTH S/C (Smoothing speed/
course)
DISABLE SV (Disable satellite)
Every GPS satellite is broadcasting abnormal satellite number(s) in its Almanac,
which contains general orbital data about
all GPS satellites. Using this information,
the GPS receiver automatically eliminates
any malfunctioning satellite from the GPS
satellite schedule. However, the Almanac
sometimes may not contain this information. You can disable an inoperative satellite manually. Enter satellite number in two
digits and press the [ENT] key. To restore a
satellite enter “00”.
FIX MODE
During position fixing, ship’s velocity (speed
and course) is directly measured by receiving GPS satellite signals. The raw velocity
data may changes randomly depending on
receiving conditions and other factors. You
can reduce this random variation by increasing the smoothing. Like with latitude
and longitude smoothing, the higher the
speed and course smoothing the more
smoothed the raw data. If the setting is too
high, however, the response to speed and
course change slows. The setting range is
from 0 (no smoothing) to 999 seconds.
AVR. SPEED (Speed averaging)
Selects position fixing method; 2D or 2/3D.
2D requires three satellites in view of the
GPS receiver; 2/3D requires three or four
satellites in view of the GPS receiver, whichever is available. When the 2D mode is
selected, enter the antenna height above
the waterline, to obtain accurate position
data. The default setting is 5 m. The table
provides common feet equivalents.
Meters
Default
Feet
5 meters
16.4 feet
3 meters
10 feet
0.3 meters 1 feet
Calculation of ETA and TTG, etc. is based
on average ship's speed over a given period. If the period is too long or too short
calculation error will result. Change this
setting if calculation error occurs. The default setting is one minute. The setting range
is from 0 (no averaging) to 99 minutes.
7-8
7.10 User Display Setup
The user display, which appears when the
[DISP] key is pressed several times, may
be either digital data (default display) or the
speedometer display.
4. Select OFF (no user display), DIGITAL
or SPDOMETER as appropriate and
press the [ENT] key.
5. The cursor is now on the LARGE/TOP
field. LARGE means the center indication on the digital display; TOP is the
indication below receiver status and time
on the speedometer display. Press the
[ENT] key. The following display appears.
Figure 7-17 User display choices
Figure 7-14 User displays
The user may choose three items of navigation data to display on each user display.
The default items are battery power, speed
and course.
6. Select item desired to display and press
the [ENT] key. (SPD: Speed, TTG: Timeto-go to destination, CSE: Course, ETA:
Estimated Time of Arrival at destination;
RNG: Range to destination, TRIP: Trip
distance, BRG: Bearing to destination,
PWR: Power source voltage)
7. Select the items LEFT/MIDDLE and
RIGHT/LOWER and set their options
like you did for LARGE/TOP, referring
to Figure 7-18 for location of indications.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select USER DISP and press the [ENT]
key. The following display appears.
Figure 7-15 USER DISPLAY menu
3. Press the [ENT] key. The following display appears.
Figure 7-18 Location of user-selectable
indications on user displays
Figure 7-16 User display
selection window
9. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7-9
7.11 Resetting Trip Distance
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select PLOTTER and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select the RESET TRIP? field and press
the [ENT] key. The following display
appears.
Figure 7-20 Connection of GP-36/GP-31
to PC using a DSUB 9-pin connector
A DSUB 25-pin (EIA-232) may also be used
to make the connection. In this case the
wiring diagram is as follows.
Figure 7-19 Reset trip window
4. Press the [ENT] key to reset trip distance.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to finish.
7.12 Uploading, Downloading
Waypoint, Route Data
Waypoint and route data may be downloaded to a PC or uploaded from a PC to
your unit.
Wiring
Your equipment provides a wiring diagram
which shows how to connect to a PC using
a DSUB 9-pin connector (EIA-574). You
may display it as follows.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select I/O SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select WIRING INFO and press the
[ENT] key to display the wiring diagram
7-10
Figure 7-21 Connection of GP-36/GP-31
to PC using a DSUB 25-pin connector
Setting for communication software
on PC
Baud Rate:
Character Length:
Stop Bit:
Parity:
X Control:
4800 bps
8 bit
1 bit
None
XON/OFF
Downloading/Uploading between
PC and GP-36/GP-31
The following data can be downloaded/uploaded between a personal computer and
the GP-36/GP-31:
• Waypoint data (In alphanumerical order)
• Route data ( In order of route number)
Note 1: There are two kinds of data for route
data: route data and route comment data.
Note 2: DPGS position fix is not available
when uploading or downloading data.
Downloading data to a PC
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu, select I/O SETUP and
press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-25 Displays when
downloading data
Figure 7-22 I/O SETUP menu
7. Press any key to escape.
2. Select SAVE WP/RTE → PC?.
Uploading data from a PC
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Note that all waypoint and route data stored
in GP-36/GP-31 will be deleted when data
is uploaded.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu, select I/O SETUP and
press the [ENT] key.
2. Select LOAD WP/RTE ← PC?.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-23 SAVE WP/RTE display
4. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-24 SAVING START? prompt
5. Setup the computer to receive data.
Figure 7-26 LOAD WP/RTE display
4. Press the [ENT] key.
6. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-27 LOADING START? prompt
5. Set up the computer to output data.
7-11
6. Press the [ENT] key.
Note: The waypoint and route data are
deleted when the [ENT] key is pressed.
Figure 7-31 LOADING START? prompt
5. Set up the YEOMAN to output data.
Figure 7-28 Display when data
is being loaded
6. Press the [ENT] key.
7. When the loading is completed, the following message appears.
Figure 7-32 Display when data
is being loaded
Figure 7-29 Display when data
is loaded successfully
8. Press any key to escape.
7. Press the [ENT] key to start the loading. Data is loaded to empty location and
the buzzer sounds twice to signify successful loading. If there is not enough
memory free to store the waypoints the
message below appears.
Loading data from a YEOMAN
Waypoint data from a YEOMAN has the
same format as does the NMEA 0183 data
sentences WPL.
1. Press the [MENU] key twice, select I/O
SETUP and press the [ENT] key.
Figure 7-33 Display when waypoints
could not be loaded
2. Select LOAD WP ← YEOMAN?.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Waypoint data format
Figure 7-34 Waypoint data format
1: Waypoint latitude
Figure 7-30 LOAD WP/RTE display
4. Press the [ENT] key.
2: N/S
3: Waypoint longitude
4: E/W
5: Waypoint name (Number of characters
is fixed to 6 and space code is placed
7-12
when the number of characters are less
than 6.)
1: Number of sentences required for one
complete route data (1 to 4). See Note.
6: Waypoint color (This field is always kept
NULL.)
2: Number of sentences currently used (1
to 4)
7: Waypoint comment (2 byte for mark
code + 16 characters of comment.)
3: Message mode (Always set to C).
1st byte of mark code: Fixed to '@'.
2nd byte of mark code:Internal mark
code + 'a' (0 x 61). See Note 1.
Number of characters for comment is
less than 16 (variable length). See
Note 2.
8: Flag making waypoint. Always set to
“A”.
“A”: Displayed
“V”: Not displayed
9: UTC (Always NULL)
10: Day (Always NULL)
11: Month (Always NULL)
12: Year (Always NULL)
Note 1: Internal mark code is 0 x 10 through
0 x 18. 0 x 71 through 0 x 79 are always
placed at 2nd byte of mark code.
4: Route No. (01 to 51 (51 is LOG route, 2
digits required)
5 through 12: Waypoint name (Max. 8
names, length of each
waypoint name is fixed to 7
byte)
1st byte: Skip code '–' (Hyphen) = Skip
ON, Space code = Skip OFF
After 2nd byte: Waypoint name (fixed
to 6 bytes)
Note: A route can contain max. 30
waypoints and GPRTE sentence for one
route data may exceed 80 byte limitation.
In this case, route data is divided into several GPRTE sentences (Max. 4 sentences).
This value shows the number of sentences
route data has been divided.
Route comment data format
Note 2: Following characters can be used
for comments:
Figure 7-37 Route comment data format
1: Route No. (01 to 51, 2 digits required)
Figure 7-35 Characters available for
comments
2: Route comment (Max. 16 characters,
variable length)
The same characters of the comment
for waypoint comment can be used.
Route data format
End of sentence
Figure 7-36 Route data format
Figure 7-38 End of sentence
7-13
7.13 Time Display
You may display the time in 12-hour or 24hour notation, and the default setting is 24hour notation. AM or PM is shown when
12-hour notation is selected.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Select TIME DISP and press the [ENT]
key.
4. Select 12HOUR or 24HOUR as appropriate.
5. Press the [ENT] key followed by the
[MENU] key.
7-14
8. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Figure 8-1 MESSAGE board
8.1 Maintenance
Check the following points regularly to
maintain performance:
• Check that connectors on the rear panel
are firmly tightened and free of rust.
• Check that the ground system is free of
rust and the ground wire is tightly fastened.
• Check that battery terminals are clean
and free of rust.
• Check the antenna for damage. Replace
if damaged.
• Dust and dirt on the keyboard and display screen may be removed with a soft
cloth. Do not use chemical cleaners to
clean the equipment; they may remove
paint and markings.
8.2 Displaying the Message
Board
The message board displays error messages and alerts. You can display it as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select MESSAGES.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to quit the
message board.
Messages
Table 8-1 Messages and their meanings
Message
Meaning, Remedy
ANCHOR WATCH
ALARM!
Anchor watch alarm
setting violated.
ARRIVAL ALARM!
Arrival alarm
setting violated.
BACKUP DATA
ERROR!
RAM data corrupted.
Try to clear backup
data. See page 8-4.
BATTERY ALARM!
Voltage of internal
battery is low.
Request replacement.
DGPS ERROR!
No DGPS signal, or
out of service area.
GPS NO FIX!
No GPS signal. Check
antenna cable.
HIGH VOLTAGE!
Power source voltage
too high.
LOW VOLTAGE!
Power source voltage
too low.
RAM ERROR!
Request service.
ROM ERROR!
Request service.
RTC ERROR!
Request service.
SPEED ALARM!
Speed alarm setting
violated.
TIME ALARM!
Timer alarm violated.
TRIP ALARM!
Trip distance alarm
violated.
XTE ALARM!
XTE alarm setting
violated.
8-1
8.3 Displaying the GPS
Satellite Monitor Display
8.4 Diagnostic Test
The GPS satellite monitor display shows
information about GPS satellites.
The diagnostic test checks ROM, RAM,
data port, beacon receiver, battery, RTC,
keyboard and LCD for proper operation.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select SATELLITE.
2. Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
Number, bearing and elevation angle of
all satellites in view of the GPS receiver
appear. Satellites being used in fixing
position are displayed in reverse video;
satellites not being used are shown in
normal video.
3. Select “TEST?” and press the [ENT] key.
You are asked if you are ready to start
the test.
Figure 8-3 TEST START screen
4. Press the [ENT] key to start the test.
5. The equipment tests ROM, RAM, data
port, beacon receiver, internal battery
and RTC. The results are individually
displayed as OK or NG (No Good).
Figure 8-2 GPS satellite monitor display
Note 1: NONE appears next to BEACON when no beacon receiver is connected to the GP-31.
Note 2: DATA2 requires a special connector to check. 03 appears as the result when no connector is connected.
Note 3: No program number shown for
BEACON in case of the GP-31.
Note 4: CNT is the number of times test
has been consecutively executed.
4. Press the [MENU] key twice to quit the
SATELLITE display.
Figure 8-4 TEST display (GP-36)
8-2
6. After the equipment has checked the
items shown in Figure 8-4, a beep
sounds and the message PUSH KEY
appears at the top right-hand corner.
7. Press each key one by one. The name
of the key pressed momentarily appears
at the top right-hand corner if the key is
functioning properly.
Note: If no key is pressed within approx.
five seconds, the equipment automatically proceeds to step 8.
8. The equipment displays the following
message to inform you that it is now going to check the LCD:
Figure 8-6 SYSTEM SETUP menu
3. Select “EXCHANGE BATTERY?” and
press the [ENT] key. The display shows
the following:
Figure 8-7 Exchange battery window
Figure 8-5 LCD CHECK screen
9. The LCD is checked as shown in the
message in Figure 8-5. Then, the test
repeats. To stop the test, turn off the
power.
4. Press the [ENT] key. Then, the following display appears.
8.5 When “BATTERY ALARM!”
Appears
A lithium battery (type: TZ6580553A, code
no.: 000-139-951) is installed on the circuit
board inside the display unit, and it preserves data when the power is turned off.
The life of the battery is about 3-5 years.
When its voltage is low “BATTERY
ALARM!” appears on the display to alert
you. When this happens, do the following
to prevent loss of data, and contact your
dealer to request replacement of the battery.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
Figure 8-8 Battery exchange
confirmation window
5. Press any key to automatically turn off
the unit.
Then, important items in the RAM area are
transferred to a temporary area in the flash
memory to prevent loss of data.
Note : When it is expected that the
GP-31/36 will not be used for a long time,
execute the above procedure before
turning the power off,to prevent loss of data.
2 Select SYS SETUP and press the [ENT]
key.
8-3
8.6 Clearing Data
4. Press the [ENT] key. The following display appears.
You may clear GPS data, menu settings
and all backup data to start afresh.
1. Press the [MENU] key once or twice to
open the menu.
2. Select ERASE and press the [ENT] key.
3. Select GPS DATA?, MENU SETTINGS,
or ALL BACKUP DATA as appropriate
and press the [ENT] key. One of the following messages appears.
Figure 8-9 Prompt for erasure of GPS
data, menu settings, backup data
8-4
Figure 8-7 Prompt for restarting
5. Hit any key to erase item selected. A
beep sounds while the selected item is
being erased, and then the plotter display appears.
9. INSTALLATION
9.1 Installation of Display Unit
9.2 Installation of Antenna Unit
Mounting considerations
Mounting considerations
The display unit can be installed on a tabletop, on the overhead, or in a panel (optional
flush mounting kit required). Refer to the
outline drawings at the end of this manual
for installation instructions. When selecting
a mounting location, keep in mind the following points:
Install the antenna unit referring to the antenna installation diagram at the end of this
manual. When selecting a mounting location for the antenna unit, keep in mind the
following points:
• Locate the unit away from exhaust pipes
and vents.
• The mounting location should be well
ventilated.
• Mount the unit where shock and vibration are minimal.
• Locate the unit away from equipment
which generates electromagnetic fields
such as a motor or generator.
• Allow sufficient maintenance space at
the sides and rear of the unit and leave
sufficient slack in cables, to facilitate
maintenance and servicing.
• Observe the following compass safe distances to prevent deviation of a magnetic
compass. Standard compass, 0.5 m,
Steering compass, 0.3 m.
Tabletop and overhead mounting
Tabletop
Overhead
Figure 9-1 Tabletop and overhead
mounting methods
Flush mounting
There are two types of flush mounting kits.
For details, see the outline drawings at the
end of this manual for details.
• Do not shorten the antenna cable.
• Select a location out of the radar beam.
The radar beam will obstruct or prevent
reception of the GPS signal.
• The location should be well away from a
VHF/UHF antenna. A GPS receiver is interfered by a harmonic wave of a VHF/
UHF antenna.
• There should be no interfering object
within the line-of-sight to the satellites.
Objects within line-of-sight to a satellite,
for example, a mast, may block reception or prolong acquisition time.
• Mount the antenna unit as high as possible. Mounting the antenna unit as high
as possible keeps it free of interfering
objects and water spray, which can interrupt reception of GPS satellite signal
if the water freezes.
• The length of the whip antenna for the
GPA-018 (for GP-36) should be no
longer than 1.2 meter to prevent antenna
damage. Do not use a 2.5 meter whip
antenna.
• If the antenna cable is to be passed
through a hole which is not large enough
to pass the connector, you may unfasten the connector with a needle nose
pliers and 3/8-inch open-end wrench.
Refasten it as shown in Figure 9-2, after
running the cable through the hole.
Washer Gasket (reddish brown)
Shield
Clamp nut
Center pin (soldered)
Connector shell
Figure 9-2 How to assemble the connector
9-1
9.3 Wiring
Grounding
The figure below shows where to connect
cables on the rear of the display unit. Please
review the WARNING SHEET at the front
of this manual before wiring the equipment.
The display unit contains a CPU. While it is
operating, it radiates noise, which can interfere with radio equipment. Ground the
unit as follows to prevent interference:
ANTENNA UNIT
(Shown: GPA-018)
GPS ANT
DISPLAY
UNIT
POWER
Ground
(10.8-31.2 VDC)
1A FUSE
(+ Line) Black
+
Red
CAUTION
Ground the equipment to
prevent mutual interference.
Figure 9-3 Wiring
Note: The fuse holder contains a spring
which fixes the fuse. To prevent detachment
of the spring, which would cause loss of
power, tie the line as shown in Figure 9-4.
Fuse holder
+ line (red)
Tie here.
Figure 9-4 How to fix spring in fuse holder
9-2
• The ground wire should be 1.25sq or
larger.
• The ground wire should be as short as
possible.
• The signal ground and frame ground are
separated, however the power line is not
isolated. Therefore, do not connect the
signal ground to the frame ground when
connecting other equipment to a positive ground battery.
• The antenna unit GPA-018 (for GP-36)
must be grounded. Connect a ground
wire of 1.25sq or larger (local supply)
between the ground terminal on the antenna unit and a stainless steel screw
fastened to the mast. Coat the ground
terminal, stainless steel screw and crimpon lug on the ground wire with silicone
sealant.
• The power of this equipment is not isolated, thus the earth lamp may light when
the antenna unit GPA-018 is grounded.
If it lights, attach two capacitors (1mF,
0.1mF) in parallel to the antenna earth
line.
External equipment
The power supply port is commonly used
for connection of external equipment such
as navigation equipment or a PC. Refer to
the interconnection diagram on page S-1
or S-2 for connection.
9.4 Initial Settings
This equipment can output navigation data
to external equipment, in NMEA 0183 format. For example, it can output position
data to a radar or echo sounder for display
on its display screen.
Output data format, data sentences
NMEA 0183 version 1.5 or 2.0 can be selected through the menu.
DATA1: Current loop data
No Waypoint
AP
REM-1
REM-2
GLL
VTG
ZDA
AAM
APB
BOD
BWC
XTE
(1 sec.
interval)
GLL
GGA
VTG
ZDA
RMC
RMB
(1 sec.
interval)
GLL
GGA
VTG
ZDA
RMA*
GTD*
RMC
RMB
BWC
(2 sec.
interval)
* Output when LC TD is
displayed.
RMA: Ver. 2.0 only
GTD: Ver. 1.5 only
AP: Autopilot
REM-1, REM-2: Radar, echosounder, etc.
DATA2: RS-232C level
With Waypoint
AP
REM
GLL
VTG
ZDA
AAM
APB
BOD
BWC
XTE
(1 sec.
interval)
GLL
GGA
VTG
ZDA
RMA*
GTD*
RMC
RMB
BWC
(1 sec.
interval)
* Output when LC
TD is displayed.
RMA: Ver. 2.0 only
GTD: Ver. 1.5 only
DATA2
External Beacon
Receiver Setting
Output
GGA
MSK
Input
Correction data of
external beacon
receiver
BEACON on DGPS
SETUP menu set to
EXT
Internal Beacon
Receiver Setting
Output of internal
beacon receiver's
correction data
(correction data and
$CRMSS)
BEACON on DGPS
SETUP menu set to
INT
Data sentence description
AAM: Arrival alarm
APB: Autopilot data (XTE and bearing to
waypoint)
BOD: Bearing from own ship to destination
BWC: Range and bearing to waypoint
(great circle navigation)
GGA: GPS position fixing condition (time
of fix, latitude, longitude, receiving
condition, number of satellites used,
DOP)
GLL: Latitude and longitude
GTD: Loran-C time difference
RMA: Generic navigational information
(latitude, longitude, Loran-C time differences, ground speed, true course
RMB: Generic navigational information
(cross track error, steering direction,
starting waypoint no., destination
waypoint no., latitude and longitude
of starting waypoint, latitude and longitude of destination waypoint, range
and bearing to waypoint, range and
bearing from present position to destination waypoint, velocity to destination, arrival alarm)
RMC: Generic navigational information
(UTC time, latitude, longitude,
ground speed, true course, day,
month, year)
VTG: Actual track and ground speeds
XTE: Course error amount and direction
to steer
ZDA: UTC time (day, month, year)
9-3
6. Select desired option with ▲ or ▼.
Output setting
1. Press [MENU] once or twice to open the
menu.
2. Operate the cursor pad to select I/O
SETUP.
3. Press the [ENT] key.
I/O SETUP
DATA1
: NMEA-REM1
DATA2
: NMEA-REM
NMEA VER : VER2.0
SAVE WP/RTE → PC?
LOAD WP/RTE ← PC?
LOAD WP← YEOMAN?
WIRING INFO?
7. Press the [ENT] key.
8. Press the [MENU] key to finish.
Figure 9-5 I/O SETUP menu
4. To change setting, press ▼ to select
DATA1, DATA2 or NMEA VER as appropriate.
5. Press the [ENT] key. One of the following screens appears depending on the
item selected at step 4.
NMEA REM1
NMEA REM2
NMEA AP
NMEA REM
NMEA AP
RTCM-OUT
VER 1.5
VER 2.0
For DATA1
For DATA2*
For NMEA
Version
* BEACON displayed when
DGPS setting is EXT.
Figure 9-6 Screens for setup of data
output and selection of NMEA version
9-4
NMEA-REM1, 2: Output data to radar,
echo sounder, etc.
NMEA-AP: Output data to an autopilot.
RTCM-OUT: Select when equipped with
internal DPGS beacon receiver.
VER 1.5, 2.0: Select NMEA version of
external equipment. If you are unsure
of NMEA version no., try both and select the one which successfully outputs
data.
Menu Tree
Default settings shown in boldface italic.
AP-1
AP-2
Loran C Chains
Chain
GRI
S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
Central Pacific
4990
11
29
–
–
–
Canadian East Coast
5930
11
25
38
–
–
Commando Lion (Korea)
5970
11
31
42
–
–
Canadian West Coast
5990
11
27
41
–
–
South Saudi Arabia
7170
11
26
39
52
–
Labrador Sea
7930
11
26
–
–
–
Eastern Russia
7950
11
30
46
61
–
Gulf of Alaska
7960
11
26
44
–
–
Norwegian Sea
7970
11
26
46
60
–
Southeast USA
7980
11
23
43
59
–
Mediterranean Sea
7990
11
29
47
–
–
Western Russia
8000
10
25
50
65
–
North Central USA
8290
11
27
42
–
–
North Saudi Arabia
8990
11
25
40
56
69
Great Lakes
8970
11
28
44
59
–
South Central USA
9610
11
25
40
52
65
West Coast USA
9940
11
27
40
–
–
Northeast USA
9960
11
25
39
54
–
Northeast Pacific (old)
9970
11
30
55
81
–
Icelandic
9980
11
30
–
–
–
North Pacific
9990
11
29
43
–
–
Suez
4991
10
24
England, France
8940
12
30
Northwest Pacific
8930
11
30
50
70
Newfoundland East Coast
7270
11
25
Lessay
6731
10
39
BØ
7001
11
27
Sylt
7499
11
26
Ejde
9007
10
23
38
Saudia Arabia North
8830
11
25
39
56
Saudia Arabia South
7030
11
25
37
55
AP-3
Decca Chains
Chain
No.
Chain
Chain
code
Location
Chain
No.
Chain
Chain
code
Location
01
South Baltic
0A
Europe
25
Skagerrak
10B
02
Vestlandet
0E
"
26
North Persian Gulf
5C
03
Southwest British
1B
"
27
South Persian Gulf
1C
"
04
Northumbrian
2A
"
28
Bombay
7B
"
05
Holland
2E
"
29
Calcutta
8B
"
06
North British
3B
"
30
Bangladesh
6C
"
07
Lofoten
3E
"
31
Saliyah
2F
"
3F
"
32
Hokkaido
9C
Japan
08
"
Persian Gulf &
India
09
North Baltic
4B
"
33
Tohoku
6C
"
10
North West
4C
"
34
Kanto
8C
Japan
11
Trondelag
4E
"
35
Shikoku
4C
"
12
English
5B
"
36
Hokuriku
2C
"
13
North Bothnian
5F
"
37
Kita Kyushu
7C
"
14
Southern Spanish
6A
"
38
Namaqualand
4A
15
North Scottish
6C
"
39
Cape
6A
"
16
Gulf of Finland
6E
"
40
Eastern Province
8A
"
17
Danish
7B
"
41
South West Africa
9C
"
18
Irish
7D
"
42
Natal
10C
"
19
Finnmark
7E
"
43
Dampier
8E
20
French
8B
"
44
Port Headland
4A
21
South Bothnian
8C
"
45
Anticosti
9C
22
Hebridean
8E
"
46
East Newfoundland
2C
"
23
Frisian Islands
9B
"
47
Cabot Strait
6B
"
24
Helgeland
9E
"
48
Nova Scotia
7C
"
AP-4
Southern Africa
Australia
"
Northern America
Geodetic Chart List
001: WGS84
002: WGS72
003: TOKYO
004:
005:
006:
007:
008:
009:
010:
011
012:
013:
014:
015:
016:
017:
018:
019:
020:
021:
022:
023:
024:
025:
026:
027:
028:
029:
030:
031:
032:
033:
034:
035:
036:
037:
038:
039:
040:
041:
042:
043:
044:
045:
046:
047:
048:
049:
NORTH AMERICAN 1927
EUROPEAN 1950
AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1984
ADINDAN
AFG
AIN EL ABD 1970
ANNA 1 ASTRO 1965
ARC 1950
ARC 1960
ASCENSION IS. 1958
ASTRO BEACON “E”
ASTRO B4 SOR. ATOLL
ASTRO POS 71/4
ASTRONOMIC STATION 1952
AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1966
BELLEVUE (IGN)
BERMUDA 1957
BOGOTA OBSERVATORY
GAUPO INCHAUSPE
CANTON IS. 1966
CAPE
CAPE CANAVERAL
CARTHAGE
CHATHAM 1971
CHUA ASTRO
CORREGO ALEGRE
DJAKARTA (BATAVIA)
DOS 1968
EASTER IS. 1967
EUROPEAN 1950 (Cont’d)
050:
051:
052
053:
054:
055:
056:
057:
058:
059:
060:
061:
062:
063:
064:
065:
066:
067:
068:
069:
070:
071:
072:
073:
074:
075:
076:
077:
078:
079:
080:
081:
082:
083:
084:
085:
086:
EUROPEAN 1979
GANDAJIKA BASE
GEODETIC DATUM 1949
GUAM 1963
GUX 1 ASTRO
HJORSEY 1955
HONG KONG 1363
INDIAN
IRELAND 1965
ISTS 073 ASTRO 1969
JOHNSTON IS. 1961
KANDAWALA
KERGUELEN IS.
KERTAU 1948
LA REUNION
L. C. 5 ASTRO
LIBERIA 1964
LUZON
MAHE 1971
MARCO ASTRO
MASSAWA
MERCHICH
MIDWAY ASTRO 1961
MINNA
NAHRWAN
NAMIBIA
: Mean Value (Japan, Korea &
Okinawa)
: Mean Value (CONUS)
: Mean Value
: Australia & Tasmania
: Mean Value (Ethiopia & Sudan)
: Ethiopia
: Mali
: Senegal
: Sudan
: Somalia
: Bahrain Is.
: Cocos Is.
: Mean Value
: Botswana
: Lesotho
: Malawi
: Swaziland
: Zaire
: Zambia
: Zimbabwe
: Mean Value (Kenya & Tanzania)
: Kenya
: Tanzania
: Ascension Is.
: Iwo Jima Is.
: Tern Is.
: St. Helena Is.
: Marcus Is.
: Australia & Tasmania
: Efate & Erromango Islands
: Bermuda Islands
: Columbia
: Argentina
: Phoenix Islands
: South Africa
: Mean Value (Florida & Bahama
Islands)
: Tunisia
: Chatham Is. (New Zealand)
: Paraguay
: Brazil
: Sumatra Is. (Indonesia)
: Gizo Is. (New Georgia Is.)
: Easter Is.
: Western Europe
: Cyprus
: Egypt
: England, Scotland, Channel &
Shetland Islands
: England, Ireland, Scotland, &
Shetland Islands
: Greece
: Iran
: Italy, Sardinia
: Italy, Sicily
: Norway & Finland
: Portugal & Spain
: Mean Value
: Republic of Maldives
: New Zealand
: Guam Is.
: Guadalcanal Is.
: Iceland
: Hong Kong
: Thailand & Vietnam
: Bangladesh, India & Nepal
: Ireland
: Diego Garcia
: Johnston Is.
: Sri Lanka
: Kerguelen Is.
: West Malaysia & Singapore
: Mascarene Is.
: Cayman Brac Is.
: Liberia
: Philippines (excl. Mindanao Is.)
: Mindanao Is.
: Mahe Is.
: Salvage Islands
: Eritrea (Ethiopia)
: Morocco
: Midway Is.
: Nigeria
: Masirah Is. (0man)
: United Arab Emirates
: Saudi Arabia
: Namibia
087: MAPARIMA, BWI
088: NORTH AMERICAN 1927
089:
090:
091:
092:
093:
094:
095:
096:
097:
098:
099:
100:
101:
102:
103:
104:
105:
106:
107:
108:
109:
110:
111:
112:
113:
114:
115:
116:
117:
118:
119:
120:
121:
122:
123:
124:
125:
126:
127:
128:
129:
130:
131:
132:
133:
134:
135:
136:
137:
138:
139:
140:
141:
142:
143:
144:
145:
146:
147:
148:
149:
150:
151:
152:
153:
154:
155:
156:
157:
158:
159:
160:
161:
162:
163:
164:
165:
166:
167:
168:
169:
170:
171:
172:
173:
AP-5
: Trinidad & Tobago
: Western United States
: Eastern United States
: Alaska
: Bahamas (excl. San Salvador Is.)
: Bahamas, San Salvador Is.
: Canada (incl. Newfoundland Is.)
: Alberta & British Columbia
: East Canada
: Manitoba & Ontario
: Northwest Territories &
Saskatchewan
: Yukon
: Canal Zone
: Caribbean
: Central America
: Cuba
: Greenland
: Mexico
NORTH AMERICAN 1983
: Alaska
: Canada
: CONUS
: Mexico, Central America
OBSERVATORIO 1966
: Corvo & Flores Islands (Azores)
OLD EGYPTIAN 1930
: Egypt
OLD HAWAIIAN
: Mean Value
: Hawaii
: Kauai
: Maui
: Oahu
OMAN
: Oman
ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN 1936: Mean Value
: England
: England, Isle of Man & Wales
: Scotland, & Shetland Islands
: Wales
PICO DE LAS NIVIES
: Canary Islands
PITCAIRN ASTRO 1967
: Pitcairn Is.
PROVISIONS SOUTH CHILEAN 1963: South Chile (near 53˚ S)
PROVISIONAL SOUTH AMERICAN 1956: Mean Value
: Bolivia
: Chile-Northern Chile (near 19˚S)
: Chile-Southern Chile (near 43˚S)
: Columbia
: Ecuador
: Guyana
: Peru
: Venezuela
PUERTO RICO
: Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands
QATAR NATIONAL
: Qatar
QORNOQ
: South Greenland
ROME 1940
: Sardinia Islands
SANTA BRAZ
: Sao Maguel, Santa Maria
Islands (Azores)
SANTO (DOS)
: Espirito Santo Is.
SAPPER HILL 1943
: East Falkland Is.
SOUTH AMERICAN 1969
: Mean Value
: Argentina
: Bolivia
: Brazil
: Chile
: Columbia
: Ecuador
: Guyana
: Paraguay
: Peru
: Trinidad & Tobago
: Venezuela
SOUTH ASIA
: Singapore
SOUTHEAST BASE
: Porto Santo & Madeira Islands
SOUTHWEST BASE
: Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao
Jorge, & Terceira Is.
TIMBALAI 1948
: Brunei & East Malaysia
(Sarawak & Sadah)
TOKYO
: Japan
: Korea
: Okinawa
TRISTAN ASTRO 1968
: Tristan da Cunha
VITI LEVU 1916
: Viti Levu Is. (Fiji Islands)
WAKE-ENIWETOK 1960
: Marshall Islands
ZANDERIJ
: Surinam
BUKIT RIMPAH
: Bangka & Belitung Islands
(Indonesia)
CAMP AREA ASTRO
: Camp Mcmurdo Area, Antarctica
G. SEGARA
: Kalimantan Is. (Indonesia)
HERAT NORTH
: Afghanistan
HU-TZU-SHAN
: Taiwan
TANANARIVE OBSERVATORY 1925 : Madagascar
YACARE
: Uruguay
RT-90
: Sweden
Pulkovo 1942
: Russia
FINNISH KKJ
: Finland
SPECIFICATIONS OF GPS NAVIGATOR
GP-31/36
1. ANTENNA UNIT
(1) GP-31
GPA-017 (GPS antenna)
(2) GP-36
GPA-019 (GPS antenna with H-field Beacon ANT)
GPA-018 (GPS antenna with E-field Beacon ANT)
selectable
2. GPS RECEIVER
(1) Receiving System
12 channels parallel, 12 satellite tracking
(2) Rx Frequency
1575.42 kHz
(3) Rx code
C/A code
(4) Position Fixing System
All in view, 8-state Kalman filter
(5) Position Accuracy
Approx. 50 m (GPS), or approx. 5 m (DGPS), 95% of the time,
horizontal dilution of position (HDOP) ≤4
Note: All GPS receiver are subject to degradation of position and
velocity accuracy under the U.S. Department of Defense.
Position may be degraded.
(6) Tracking velocity
999 kts
(7) Position-fixing time
Warm start: 12 seconds, Cold start: 90 seconds
(8) Position Update Interval
1 second
(9) Beacon Receiver (GP-36)
Frequency range: 283.5 to 325.0 kHz
MSK rate: 50, 100, 200 bps (auto or manual, selectable)
3. DISPLAY SECTION
(1) Display
95 x 60 mm (120 x 64 dot matrix)
(2) Display Mode
Plotter, Steering, Highway, NAV data, User display (Digital data or
Speedometer)
(3) Display
Mercator projection
Position indication (L/L, Loran C LOP or Decca LOP)
(4) Memory Capacity
Track: 1000 pts, Waypoint: 950 pts with comment (16 charactor)
(5) Storage Capacity
50 routes with 30 waypoints each
(6) Alarms
Arrival and anchor watch, Cross track error,
Ship’s speed in and out alarms, DGPS alarm, Time alarm, Trip alarm
(7) Display Scale
Plotter display:
0.02, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, 320 nm
Highway display:
0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 nm
SP - 1
E4399S02B
4. INPUT/OUTPUT DATA
(1) Data 1
Output Data:
Current Loop
NMEA0183 Ver 1.5/2.0 selected
NMEA-REM1: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB
NMEA-REM2: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB, BWC,
RMA (Ver2.0), GTD (Ver1.5) when TD indication selected
NMEA-AP: GLL, VTG, ZDA, AAM, APB, BOD, BWC, XTE
(2) Data 2
Output Data:
RS-232C
NMEA0183 Ver 1.5/2.0 selected
NMEA-REM: GLL, GGA, VTG, ZDA, RMC, RMB, BWC,
RMA (Ver2.0), GTD (Ver1.5) when TD indication selected
NMEA-AP: GLL, VTG, ZDA, AAM, APB, BOD, BWC, XTE
DGPS RTCM SC-104 (GP-36 only)
Downloading to PC (WP/ Route Data)
Input Data:
DGPS RTCM SC-104 Ver 2.1
Uploading from PC (WP/ Route Data)
NMEA WPL (WP Data)
5. POWER SUPPLY
(1) GP-31
12-24 VDC: 0.12-0.06 A (at max. level dimmer)
(2) GP-36
12-24 VDC: 0.23-0.12 A (at max. level dimmer)
6. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
(1) Ambient Temperature
Antenna Unit: -25°C to +70°C
Display Unit: -15°C to +55°C
(2) Relative Humidity
95% at 40°C
(3) Water proofing
Antenna Unit: IEC60529 IPX6
Display Unit: IEC60529 IPX5 (USCG CFR-46)
(4) Vibration
±1 mm ±10%, 2(5) to 13.2 Hz,
Maximum acceleration 7 m/s2, 13.2 to 100 Hz (IEC 60945)
7. COATING COLOR
(1) Display Unit
Cover: Munsell 2.5GY5/1.5, Panel: N3.0
(2) Antenna Unit
N9.5
SP - 2
E4399S02B
INDEX
A
G
Alarms
anchor watch 6-2
arrival 6-1
DGPS 6-3
speed 6-3
time 6-3
trip 6-4
XTE 6-2
Anchor watch alarm 6-2
Arrival alarm 6-1
Geodetic chart list AP-5
Geodetic chart system 7-6
GPS satellite monitor display 8-2
H
Highway display 1-4
I
Installation 9-1–9-4
L
B
Battery replacement (technicians only) 8-3
Bearing reference 7-5
Buzzer type 6-4
Loran C chains AP-3
Loran C TDs 7-6
M
Magnetic bearing 7-5
Magnetic variation 7-5
Main menu 1-7
Maintenance 8-1
Menu tree AP-1
Message board 8-1
MOB mark 3-3
C
Centering own ship's position 2-2
Contrast 1-2
Control description 1-1
Cursor 2-1–2-2
D
Data clear 8-4
Decca chains AP-4
Decca TDs 7-6
Destination
cancelling 5-2
setting route as 5-2
setting with cursor 5-1
DGPS
alarm 6-3
setup 7-2
station (channel) editing 7-4
station (channel) erasure (all) 7-4
station (channel) erasure (individual) 7-5
station (channel) registration 7-3
Diagnostic test 8-2
Digital display 1-6
DIM/PWR key 1-2
Dimmer 1-2
Display modes 1-3–1-6
Display shift 2-2
N
Nav data display 1-5
P
Plotter display 1-4
Position offset 7-8
Position-fixing mode 7-8
Power on/off 1-2
R
Range and bearing calculation 7-1–7-2
Routes
changing route comments 4-6
creating from route menu 4-2
creating from waypoint list 4-3
creating track-based route 4-3
creating with the cursor 4-1
deleting 4-6
deleting waypoints from 4-5
inserting waypoints 4-5
replacing waypoints in 4-4
setting as destination 5-2
temporarily deselecting waypoints 4-5
Index-1
S
U
Satellites
disabling 7-8
GPS satellite monitor display 8-2
Simulation mode 1-8
Smoothing 7-8
Speed alarm 6-3
Speed averaging 7-8
Speedometer display 1-6
Steering display 1-5
Units of measurement 7-6
Uploading/downloading data 7-10
User display
examples 1-6
setup 7-9
T
TDs (Loran C or Decca) setup 7-6
Time alarm 6-3
Time difference 7-7
Time display 7-14
Track
erasing 2-3
plotting interval 2-2
starting/stopping plotting 2-2
Trip alarm 6-4
Trip distance reset 7-10
True bearing 7-5
W
Waypoints
deleting 3-5
editing 3-4
entry at own ship's position 3-2
entry through the waypoint list 3-2
entry with the cursor 3-1
name display 3-4
Wiring info display 7-10
X
XTE alarm 6-2
Z
Zoom in/out 2-1
Index-2
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