Gaggia Espresso Espresso Maker User Manual

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For GAGGIA~~~presso/Cappuccino Makers
BEFORE making espresso the first time, you MUST prime the pump!
Here’s how to do it:
1. Plug the electrical cord into a live outlet.
2. Fill the water reservoir. (Filtered water is better.)
3. Place an empty filter into the black handled filter holder.
4. Attach the filter holder to the machine.
5. Turn on the power switch.
6. Allow the machine to heat up for 6 minutes.
7. Open the steam valve all the way.
8. Place an empty steam pitcher or mug under the steam tube.
9. Turn on the coffee switch and the steam switch.
10. Water will come out of the steam tube.
Il. Allow about a cup of water to come out into the pitcher.
12. Turn off the coffee and steam switches.
13. Close the steam valve.
14. Place an empty cup under the coffee filter.
15. Turn on the “coffee” switch.
16. Fill the cup with water.
17. Turn off the “coffee” switch.
Now you are ready to make espresso!!! Here’s how:
1. Remove the black handled filter holder.
2. Using the measure provided, place one or two measures of finely
ground espresso coffee in the filter basket.
(The large filter holds two measures for two cups,
the small filter is for one cup.)
3. Using the tamper provided, gently press and twist the tamper on the
surface of the ground coffee to pack it down.
4. Brush off any grounds on the rim with the palm of your hand.
5. Attach the filter holder firmly to the machine.
6. Place empty cup (or cups) under the filter holder spouts.
7. Turn on the “coffee” switch.
8. The pump sound will change in a few seconds and espresso
will start to flow into the cups.
9. When the streams of espresso turn light in color,
TURN OFF the “coffee” switch.
10. You may now remove the cups of espresso and serve them.
11. Before making more espresso, remove the filter holder and
knock out the used grounds. DO NOT rinse the filter or filter holder at
this time as it will cool them and make the next batch taste bitter.
1. Turn on the steam switch.
2. Put cold milk (skim, I%, 2%, Regular, Half & Half)
into a steaming pitcher only one-third full.
3. Place an empty mug under the steam tube and open the steam
valve part way to remove any accumulated water from the steam tube.
4. Close the steam valve.
5. Hold the pitcher with milk in it so that the end of the steam tube
is below the surface of the milk but not so deep to block the air intake.
6. Open the steam valve all the way.
7. As the froth forms, raise the pitcher so that the steam tube
goes deeper into the pitcher over the air intake.
8. When the froth is near the top of the pitcher, turn off the steam valve.
(the froth may not come to the top if you are using a large
pitcher with less milk in it.)
9. Turn off the “Steam” switch.
10. Remove the cups of espresso from the drip pan grid.
11. Spoon some froth from the pitcher on the espresso in the cup(s),
then pour the hot milk in until the froth reaches the top of the cup(s).
12. If desired, sprinkle shaved chocolate or cinamon on top of the froth.
When using electrical appliances,
basic safety precautions should always
be followed to reduce the risk of fire,
electric shock, and/or injury to persons,
including the following:
Read all instructions and information in this instruction book and any
other literature included in this
carton referring to this product
before operating or using this
appliance malfunctions or has been
damaged in any manner. Return
appliance to the nearest authorized
service center for examination,
repair or adjustment.
The use of accessory attachments
not recommended by the appliance
manufacturer may result in fire,
electric shock or personal injury.
Do not use outdoors.
Do not let cord hang over edge of
table or counter, or touch hot
Do not touch hot surfaces. Use
handles or knobs.
To protect against fire, electric
shock and personal injury do not
immerse cord, plugs, or appliance
in water or other liquid.
10. Do not place on or near a hot gas
or electric burner, or in a heated
Close supervision is necessary
when any appliance is used by or
near children,
11. Always turn appliance “O”, then
plug cord into the wall outlet. To
disconnect, turn switch to ‘IO”, then
remove plug from wall outlet.
Unplug from outlet when not in use
and before cleaning. Allow to cool
before putting on or taking off parts,
and before cleaning the appliance.
12. Do not use appliance for other than
intended household use.
Do not operate any appliance with a
damaged cord or plug or after the
13. Use egtreme caution when using hot
This appliance is for household use. Any servicing, other than cleaning and user
maintenance, should be performed by an authorized service center.
Do not immerse base in water.
To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not disassemble the base. No user
serviceable parts inside. Repair should be done by authorized service personnel
1. Check voltage to be sure that the voltage indicated on the name plate agrees
with your voltage.
2. Never use warm or hot water to fill the water reservoir. Use cold water only.
3. Keep your hands and the cord away from hot parts of the appliance during
4. Never clean with scouring powders or hard,implements.
5. To avoid your machine scaling up, use purified’or bottled water.
Description of Parts:
On-Off switch
Power-on light
Hot water/brew switch (pump)
Temperature ready-light
Steam switch (temperature)
Reservoir cover
Removable water knob
Steam/hot water knob
Turbo frother steam nozzle (removeable)
9. Filterholder
9a. Filter basket 1 or 2 cups
10. Drip plate
1 Oa. Drip tray
11. Brew head
1 la. Filterholder seal
11 b. Showerholder
12. Shower head
13. Tamper
14. Power cable and plug
Regarding Your Cord Set:
A. A short power-supply cord is provided to reduce risks resulting from becoming
entangled in or tripping over a longer cord.
This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade is wider than the other).
As a safety feature, this plug will fit in a polarized outlet only one way.
If fhe plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse the plug. If it still does not fit,
contact a qualified electrician. Do not attempt to defeat the safety feature.
B. Longer extension cords are available and may be used if care is exercised in
their use.
C. If a long extension cord is used, (1) the marked electrical rating of the extension
cord should be at least as great as the electrical rating of the appliance, (2) if the
appliance is of the grounded type, the extension cord should be a grounding type 3wire cord, and (3) the longer cord should be arranged so that it will not drape over the
counter top or table top where it can be pulled on by children or tripped over.
As the proud owner or the Gaggia
Espresso, you can now experience the
taste of a delicious cup of espresso or
cappuccino in the comfort of your own
home. Congratulations on making a
wise decision!
Espresso coffee, originally created in
Italy, is made by rapidly forcing water
that has been heated to the correct
brewing temperature, through a special
finely ground coffee. The heart of the
Espresso Gaggia is a precision
engineered pump. The pump and
water flow is easily controlled with just
a flick of the switch.
2. A variety of dark roasts is available
from which you can choose to brew
your espresso. Examples: Vienna
roast, French roast, Italian roast, etc.
Each of these roasts is a blend of
coffee beans that are roasted at a
specific temperature producing a
specific type of flavor.
There are decaffeinated beans that
have up to 98% of the caffeine
content removed.
The next time you purchase coffee
for your espresso maker, experiment
with one of the many kinds of coffee
being sold. You may just find that it
tastes better than the blend you
have been using.
Making espresso or cappuccino is very
different from using a coventional
coffee maker. The Espresso Gaggia
operates with pressure and steam and
it is, therefore, important to read all the
instructions before using. Become
familiar with all parts of the machine
before operating the unit.
3. A fine “espresso grind” for pumpdriven machines must be used. Be
sure to ask for this when buying
coffee or when having beans ground.
Do not use a blade-type grinder
because it makes too much coffee
dust and produces an irregular grind.
Important to know...
4. The mark of real espresso is its dark
color, rich taste and the light
brown, natural froth called “crema” in
The taste of your coffee depends on
the characteristics of the beans from
which it is made, the type of bean,
where it was grown and processed.
The special flavor of a coffee bean is
determined by many factors, but its
taste and aroma are the result of the
roasting process. Most coffees
purchased from the supermarket are
roasted to a moderate degree.
Those beans are light in color and
have a dry, rather than an oily
surface. This is known as the
American roast (in USA).
The coffee beans that are roasted
for a longer period of time and at
higher temperatures will be much
darker in color. Darker beans will
produce a more flavorful cup of
coffee than the lightly-roasted
5. Cappuccino is simply a combination
of espresso and hot, frothy milk.
Equal amounts of espresso, froth
and hot milk are recommended.
. Cappuccino is usually topped with
cinnamon, nutmeg or chocolate
6. Espresso Coffee should be served
immediately after it is made.
7. Espresso is SeNed in 2 to 2 l/2 oz.
demitasse cups. A 4 or 6 oz. cup or
glass is used for cappuccino.
8. Ideally, coffee beans should be
ground immediately before using.
Remember, it must be an “espresso
grind” for pump-driven machines.
9. It’s best to store ground coffee or
beans in an airtight container in the
freezer of your refrigerator. Ground
coffee readily picks up food flavors.
1. Remove the water reservoir cover (5)
and fill with cold water to the MAX
line indicated on reservoir (6). For
best taste, the use of bottled water is
The water reservoir (6) can be
removed by sliding it forward and
then filling it.
IMPORTANT: When replacing
reservoir, be certain that suction
tube is inside the reservoir and not
kinked or blocked.
2. Insert plug (14) into a suitable wall
outlet (see point (1) under
3. Turn the power switch (1) to “I”. The
power-on indicator light (2) will light
up. Make certain that the hot water/
brew switch (3) is in the “0” position.
If you hear a noise it means the
pump is on, turn it off immediately
with the brew switch.
4. Priming the pump: This procedure prepares the pump and fills the
water boiler with fresh water. This
should be done whenever the
machine is switched on.
This machine features a self-priming
Place an empty cup on the drip-plate,
do not insert filter holder into brew head
and press hot water/coffee switch (3).
You will hear the sound of the
operating pump and after few seconds,
water will start to get out from the
brewing head.
Once cup is filled, set coffee switch (3)
onto pos. “0”.
Espresso Gaggia in now ready to be
Note: It may happen that the selfpriming feature of the pump does not
temporarily work due to an air lock. In
this case water does not get out from
brewing head, and the following
procedure should be followed:
a) Place a small frothing pitcher or mug
under the steam nozzle (8).
b) Turn the steam knob (7) on the side
counter-clockwise to open the
steam/hot water valve, and turn the
hot water/brew switch (3) to “I”. You
will hear the sound of the pump.
c) After a few seconds, a steady
stream of water will emerge from the
steam nozzle. Allow about one cup
of water to fill the pitcher. Shut the
steam/hot water valve and turn hot
water/brew switch to “0”.
The Espresso Gaggia has been primed.
d) NOTE: The temperature ready-light
(3a) will automatically go on-and-off
as the machine’s boiler heats. When
the light goes on, the correct water
temperature for brewing (and
steaming) has been reached.
Wait at least 6 minutes for the machine
to reach its full operating temperature
(during this time, the indicator light will
go on and off frequently).
Another feature of the machine is the
“no-drip system”, eliminating most of
dripping from brewing head (that is
normal and due to the pump pressure in
the system).
The feature “no-drip system” causes a
light gurgle, for the return of hot water
into the tank. After coffee brewing,
however, a little dripping may occur due
to wet coffee grinds in the filter-holder.
Caution: Never operate pump
without water in machine as
damage to the pump may occur.
Damage of pump run without
water is not covered by warranty.
Making Espresso:
1. Follow the procedure described
under Preparation.
2. Allow about 6 minutes for the machine to
reach its proper operating temperature.
(Use this time to set table, ‘prepare
cups, coffee, milk, etc.).
3. Select the correct filter basket (9a)
and insert it in the filter holder (9).
Use the small filter basket for 1 cup
and the large filter basket for 2 cups
of espresso. Then.insert the filter
holder (9) into the brew head (11) to
4. After the warm-up period, remove
the warm filter-holder (9) from the
brew-head (11) and fill with correctly
ground espresso coffee using the
measuring spoon provided Place
one level measure of coffee in
basket for each cup of espresso. Do
not overfill. Gently tamp down coffee
with the tamper (13) provided. Do
not compress too firmly.
5. Clean any excess coffee from the
rim of filter holder (9). Insert filter
holder into brew head (11) by
holding handle approximately 45
degrees to the left as you face
machine. When properly aligned,
move handle firmly to the right to
lock into position. The handle should
point to the front of the machine or
slightly to the right.
6. Place one or two espresso cups on
the drip plate (10) to line up with the
spouts of the filter holder. Depress hot
water/brew switch (3) to “I” position.
Espresso will start to flow into cups.
7. When cups are 3/4 full, release brew
switch to “0”. The more water. you
allow to flow, the weaker the coffee.
When properly made, the espresso
will have a light brown foam “crema”
floating on the top. If not, refer to
Troubleshooting Hints. Remove
cups and serve.
8. To make more espresso, carefully
and slowly remove the filter holde;
by moving handle to the left. Use
care as hot water will be on top of
the coffee grinds in the holder. Some
water will continue to drip from brew
head as filter holder is removed.
That is normal and due to the pump
pressure in the system.
Knock out used coffee grinds from
filter basket and rinse. For more
espresso repeat steps 4 to 8 above.
“Perfect crema” device
A unique
disc fitted
into the
will produce
coffee giving
the perfect
essential for the authentic espresso,
whatever type of grind you use.
Furthermore, you need only use the twocup filter basket even when brewing for
one person (one level measure of coffee
When preparing to make cappuccino,
have all of the ingredients at hand as
well as a frothing pitcher (or mug) halffilled with skimmed or low-fat milk and
cups that are larger (6 oz.) than those
used for espresso.
Frothing Milk:
Which kind of milk?
The less fat content in the milk the
denser the froth will be. Skimmed or
low-fat (2%) milk will provide a thick
foam. With regular milk the froth will
quickly collapse. The Turbo-Frother will
give you all the froth required but don’t
let milk come to a boil. Let frothed milk
stand for about 30 seconds before
spooning in onto the espresso.
It may require two or three tries to
“become an expert” but you will be
successful at frothing milk if you give it a
chance. Swivel the Turbo-Frother steam
nozzle slightly outward so that you can
get the frothing pitcher under the nozzle
without hitting the base of the machine.
1. Make espresso (in a large cups) as
described above.
2. Depress steam switch (4) to “I”.
3. After 10 to 15 seconds or, when
temperature ready-light (3a) goes
on, place the frothing pitcher
halffilled with low-fat milk under
Turbo Frother steam nozzle so that
tip is just under the surface of the
milk. See Fig. A.
4. Slowly turn steam valve knob (7)
counter clockwise to release steam.
IMPORTANT: The more you turn
the knob, the greater the steam
pressure for frothing.
5. Move pitcher in circular motion
keeping the tip of steam nozzle just
under surface of milk as it begins to
froth. Do not let milk come to a boil
since it will not froth.
6. When you have made enough froth,
turn steam knob clockwise to shut
off steam and remove pitcher. Put
steam switch (4) to “0” position.
7. Spoon the froth onto the espresso in
each cup and gently pour the hot milk
along the side of the cup. Top
each cup of cappuccino with a dash
of cinnamon, cocoa, nutmeg or
chocolate shavings. Serve.
8. NOTE: If you want to make more
espresso immediately after steaming
milk, the machine’s boiler must be
refilled with water and temperature
brought down to a brewing temperature. Otherwise, espresso may taste
“burned”. To do this: place an empty
cup on drip plate.
Do not insert filter holder. Turn hot
water/brew switch (3) to “I” letting
cup fill with water. Turn brew switch
“0”. You many now proceed to make
more espresso.
Making hot water:
1. Follow the procedure described
under preparation.
Turn the steam switch (4) to “I”.
Allow about 6 minutes for the
machine to reach its proper
operating temperature.
Place a pitcher under the steam
nozzle (8).
Turn the hot water/brew switch (3) to
“I” and slowly turn steam valve knob
(7) counter clockwise to release hot
When you have made th’e desired
quantity of hot water, turn steam
knob clockwise and hot water/brew
switch to “0” to shut off hot water
and remove pitcher.
Put steam switch (4) to “0”.
NOTE: If you want to make espresso
immediately after making hot water,
the temperature of the machine
boiler must be brought down to a
brewing temperature. Otherwise,
espresso may taste “burned”. To do
this: place an empty cup on drip
plate. Do not insert filter holder. Turn
hot water/brew switch (3) to “I”
letting cup fill with water. Turn brew
switch “0”. You may now proceed to
make espresso.
Keeping it clean:
1. IMPORTANT: The steam nozzle
should be cleaned after each use in
order to avoid build up of milk
deposits that are very difficult to
clean. Cleaning is made easy as
can be seen in the Description of
Parts. The outer jacket of nozzle can
be removed by pulling downward.
The steam jet is cleaned by running
a shot of steam through it. A cleaning
needle has been supplied to clear
any obstruction. Outside of steam
pipe can be cleaned with a damp
cloth. Hole in steam nozzle must be
kept open. A needle may be used.
2. Clean filter holder and filter basket in
warm water after use.
3. Wipe body of machine with a damp
cloth asrequired.
4. Remove drip tray and plate (10, 10a)
and wash in warm soapy water. Use
sponge to clean out drip area.
5. Ground coffee will adhere to the seal
inside of the brew head (11). Keep it
6. The shower head (12) should be
unscrewed and cleaned periodically
depending on frequency of use.
7. After long periods of non-use, drain
stale water from machine by turning
hot water/brew switch to “I”. However, do this only after you have filled
reservoir with fresh water. Never
operate pump unless there is water
in reservoir (6).
8 NOTE: It is very normal for an
espresso machine to emit steam
and drip occasionally as the water
pressure changes during use. Be
certain to empty drip tray (1 Oa) as
In-hard water areas, minerals found in
the water will accumulate and affect
operation of the unit. Approximately
every four months (this can vary
depending on use and water
condition), clean the machine with
Gaggia descaler (in which case follow
the instructions on the packet).
Remove shower head (12) and clean.
Pour solution into reservoir and turn on
pump for 15 seconds. Allow solution to
flow through brew head and steam
nozzle for several seconds. Wait 20
minutes and repeat. Repeat process
until solution has been run through.
Rinse machine throughly by running
plain cold water through machine.
Replace shower head.
NOTE’: Product failure due to
scale accumulation is not
covered by warranty. No other
servicing should be attempted by the
user. Use “Gaggia cleaner” for best results.
Problem: Coffee does not flow
CI For water in reservoir
0 Filter basket clogged because
coffee is too fine or compressed
too firmly
Q Shower head requires cleaning
Problem: Coffee flows too quickly
0 Coffee is ground too coarsely
Q Coffee not pressed down with
Problem: Pump makes loud noise
0 No water in reservoir
0 Pump not primed
0 Coffee is ground too coarsely
Problem: Water leaking excessively
from filter holder
0 Filter holder not properly inserted
in brew head
0 Gasket in brew head dirty or worn
0 Coffee grinds not cleaned off the
rim of filter holder
Problem: Espresso has little crema froth
0 Coffee is ground too coarsely
Q Coffee is not pressed down with
Cl Coffee is too old or dried out
Problem: Espresso is too cold
c3 Machine not warmed up (6 min.)
a Coffee flows through too quicklycoffee is ground too coarsely
Problem: Not enough milk froth
0 Use skimmed or low-fat milk
a Steam nozzle and/or air intake
hole clogged
CI Milk is too hot