Specifications | Garmin 190-00266-00 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPS 15
TECHNICAL
SPECIFICATIONS
£
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
190-00266-00, Revision A
August 2002
© Copyright 2002
GARMIN Ltd. or its subsidiaries
All Rights Reserved
Except as expressly provided below, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated,
downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of GARMIN.
GARMIN hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a
hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision
hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this
copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision
hereto is strictly prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. GARMIN reserves the right to change or improve its
products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or
improvements.
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 U.S.A.
Telephone: 913/397.8200
FAX: 913/397.8282
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate
Romsey SO51 9AQ, U.K.
Telephone: 44/1794.519944
FAX: 44/1794.519222
GARMIN Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Telephone: 886/2.2642.9199
FAX: 886/2.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision
A
Page A
Rev. A
Revision
Date
8/16/02
Description
Initial Release
ECO #
--
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 CAUTIONS ........................................................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 LIMITED WARRANTY .................................................................................................................................... 2
1.3 OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.4 FEATURES ........................................................................................................................................................ 3
1.5 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS...................................................................................................................... 4
2. PINOUT
2.1 DESCRIPTION .................................................................................................................................................. 6
2.2 DIAGRAMS ....................................................................................................................................................... 7
3. SOFTWARE INTERFACE
3.1 RECEIVED NMEA 0183 SENTENCES............................................................................................................ 8
3.2 TRANSMITTED NMEA 0183 SENTENCES.................................................................................................. 10
4. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS & MOUNTING.........................................................................14
Appendix A. EARTH DATUMS...................................................................................................................15
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page i
Rev. A
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 4.
FIGURE 5.
COMPUTER SERIAL PORT INTERCONNECTION ................................................................................ 7
PDA SERIAL PORT INTERCONNECTION .............................................................................................. 7
BASIC NMEA DEVICE INTERCONNECTION ........................................................................................ 7
GPS 15-F DIMENSIONS........................................................................................................................... 14
GPS 15-W OUTLINE DRAWING............................................................................................................. 14
LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1. SIGNAL/WIRE DESCRIPTIONS ................................................................................................................. 6
TABLE 2. NMEA 0183 OUTPUT SENTENCE ORDER............................................................................................. 10
Page ii
Rev. A
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
1
1.1
INTRODUCTION
CAUTIONS
CAUTION
The GPS system is operated by the government of the United States, which is solely responsible for its
accuracy and maintenance. Although the GPS 15 is a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID),
any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted, and therefore become unsafe. Use these products at your
own risk. To reduce the risk, carefully review and understand all aspects of these Technical Specifications
before using the GPS 15. When in actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPS to all available
navigation sources including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety,
always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
FCC Compliance
The GPS 15 complies with Part 15 of the FCC interference limits for Class B digital devices FOR HOME
OR OFFICE USE. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
in a residential installation, and are more stringent than “outdoor” requirements.
Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there
is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The GPS 15 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could result
in permanent damage to the equipment, and void your warranty and your authority to operate this device
under Part 15 regulations.
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 1
Rev. A
1.2
LIMITED WARRANTY
This GARMIN product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for one year from the
date of purchase. Within this period, GARMIN will at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail
in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor,
provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures
due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY
ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS,
WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO
USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow the exclusion of
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase
price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR
ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local GARMIN authorized dealer. Or call GARMIN Customer Service
at one of the numbers shown below, for shipping instructions and an RMA tracking number. The unit should be
securely packed with the tracking number clearly written on the outside of the package. The unit should then be
sent, freight charges prepaid, to any GARMIN warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is
required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs.
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Phone:
913/397.8200
FAX:
913/397.0836
Page 2
Rev. A
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate
Romsey, SO51 9AQ, U.K.
Phone:
44/1794.519944
FAX:
44/1794.519222
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
1.3
OVERVIEW
The GPS 15 is part of GARMIN’s latest generation of GPS sensor boards designed for a broad spectrum of
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacture) system applications. Based on the proven technology found in
other GARMIN 12-channel GPS receivers, the GPS 15 will track up to 12 satellites at a time while
providing fast time-to-first-fix, one-second navigation updates and low power consumption. Its far-reaching
capabilities meet the sensitivity requirements of land navigation as well as the dynamics requirements of
high-performance aircraft.
These GPS designs utilize the latest technology and high-level circuit integration to achieve superior
performance while minimizing space and power requirements. All critical components of the system
including the RF/IF receiver hardware and the digital baseband are designed and manufactured by
GARMIN to ensure the quality and capability of the GPS. The hardware capability combined with software
intelligence makes the GPS 15 easy to integrate and use.
These are complete GPS receivers that require minimal additional components to be supplied by an OEM
or system integrator. A minimum system must provide the GPS with a source of power, an active GPS
antenna, and a clear view of the GPS satellites. The system may communicate with the GPS 15 via its
CMOS-level serial port. The GPS 15 stores data such as satellite orbital parameters, last-known position,
date and time in battery backed up SRAM. End user interfaces such as keyboards and displays are the
responsibility of the application designer.
1.4
•
•
•
•
•
•
FEATURES
12-channel GPS receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites for fast, accurate positioning and low power
consumption.
Compact, rugged design ideal for applications with minimal space. May be remotely mounted in an
out-of-the-way location. Receiver status information can be displayed directly on a chartplotter or PC.
User initialization is not required. Once installed, unit will automatically transmit navigation data.
User-configurable navigation mode (2-dimensional or 3-dimensional fix).
Provision for external power to maintain the non-volatile SRAM and real-time clock.
Optional on-board backup battery to maintain the non-volatile SRAM and real-time clock for up to
21 days.
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 3
Rev. A
1.5
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
1.5.1
Physical Characteristics
1.5.1.1 Size
0.940” (23.88 mm) wide, 1.690” (42.93 mm) long, 0.309” (7.84 mm) high
1.5.1.2 Weight
0.35 oz. (10 g)
1.5.1.3
Available Connector Options
•
GPS 15-F:
GPS 15-F:
•
GPS 15-W:
GPS 15-W:
1.5.2
6-pin LIF connector, 1 millimeter pitch
6-pin JST connector, 1 millimeter pitch; mating wire harness included
(NOTE: available in Asia, or by special order)
Electrical Characteristics
1.5.2.1 Input Voltage
3.3 Vdc regulated, ±50 mV ripple
1.5.2.2 Input Current
85 mA peak, 80 mA nominal
1.5.2.3 GPS Receiver Sensitivity
-165 dBW minimum
1.5.3
1.5.3.1
•
GPS Performance
Receiver
12 parallel channel GPS receiver continuously tracks and uses up to 12 satellites to compute and update
your position.
1.5.3.2
Acquisition Times
•
•
•
Reacquisition:
Warm:
Cold:
•
•
AutoLocateTM:
SkySearch:
1.5.3.3
•
•
Update Rate
1 second
1.5.3.4
•
Less than 2 seconds
Approximately 15 seconds (all data known)
Approximately 45 seconds (initial position, time and almanac known, ephemeris
unknown)
5 minutes (almanac known, initial position and time unknown)
5 minutes (no data known)
Accuracy
GPS Standard Positioning Service (SPS)
Position:
< 15 meters, 95% typical (100 meters with Selective Availability on)
Velocity:
0.1 knot RMS steady state
Dynamics: 999 knots velocity (only limited at altitude greater than 60,000 feet), 6g dynamics
Page 4
Rev. A
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
1.5.4
1.5.4.1
1.5.4.1.1
•
•
•
•
GPS 15
Port 1 Protocols
NMEA 0183 Version 3.00
ASCII output sentences GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, and GPRMC (NMEA-approved sentences);
PGRME, PGRMM, and PGRMT (GARMIN proprietary sentences)
NMEA 0183 Outputs (see Section 3.2 for full protocol specifications)
Position, velocity and time
Receiver and satellite status
Geometry and error estimates
NMEA 0183 Inputs (see Section 3.1 for full protocol specifications)
Initial position, date and time (not required)
Earth datum
1.5.5
•
Electrical Characteristics
CMOS level output for interfacing directly to a host microprocessor.
Jumper settings determine baud rate. Factory setting is 4800 baud.
1.5.4.2
•
•
Interfaces
Environmental Characteristics
Temperature:
-30°C to +80°C (Operating); -40°C to +90°C (Storage)
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 5
Rev. A
2
PINOUT
2.1
DESCRIPTION
The GPS 15-F utilizes a six-pin LIF connector. The GPS 15-W utilizes a six-pin JST connector with
mating wire harness included.
Table 1. Signal/Wire Descriptions
GPS
15
Pin #
1
Signal Name
BACKUP POWER
2
3
GROUND
POWER
4
PORT 1 DATA OUT
5
PORT 1 DATA IN
6
RF BIAS
Page 6
Rev. A
Description
This input provides external power to maintain the battery-backed SRAM
and real-time clock. This enables the user to provide backup power if
needed for longer than the optional on-board backup battery will provide
(roughly 21 days). Input voltage must be between +2.8 and +3.4 Vdc.
Power and Signal Ground
Regulated +3.3 Vdc input. Peak operating current is 85 mA. Nominal
operating current is 80 mA.
Serial Asynchronous Output.
CMOS compatible output designed to interface directly with a host
microprocessor. Provides serial data which is formatted per “NMEA 0183,
Version 3.0”. The baud rate is set during production to 4800, but other rates
are available.
First Serial Asynchronous Input.
CMOS compatible input designed to interface directly with a host
microprocessor. Maximum input voltage range of 0 < V < 3.3.
This input allows the user to externally apply a RF bias to the active
antenna. Units are shipped with this feature disabled. By default, the unit
will use an internal voltage to power the active antenna.
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
2.2
DIAGRAMS
(-)
(+)
GPS 15
Fuse
1A
Power Source
Computer Serial Port
Interconnection
(1) WHITE: BACKUP POWER
(2) BLACK: GROUND
PIN 5: GROUND
9
8
7
6
4
(3) RED: POWER
PIN 3: DATA OUT
GPS 15
(4) YELLOW: PORT 1 DATA OUT
Power/Data Cable
(5) BLUE: PORT 1 DATA IN
PIN 2: DATA IN
(6) ORANGE: RF BIAS
1
DB-9
Serial Connector
(Female Pin Contacts)
Figure 1. Computer Serial Port Interconnection
(-)
(+)
GPS 15
Fuse
1A
Power Source
PDA Serial Port
Interconnection
(1) WHITE: BACKUP POWER
6
7
8
9
1
4
(2) BLACK: GROUND
PIN 2: DATA OUT
(3) RED: POWER
PIN 3: DATA IN
(4) YELLOW: PORT 1 DATA OUT
PIN 5: GROUND
(5) BLUE: PORT 1 DATA IN
GPS 15
Power/Data Cable
(6) ORANGE: RF BIAS
DB-9
Serial Connector
(Male Pin Contacts)
Figure 2. PDA Serial Port Interconnection
(-)
(+)
Power Source
POWER
Host Application
NMEA Device
GROUND
DATA OUT
DATA IN
Fuse
1A
GPS 15
Basic Interconnection
(1) WHITE: BACKUP POWER
(2) BLACK: GROUND
(3) RED: POWER
(4) YELLOW: PORT 1 DATA OUT
(5) BLUE: PORT 1 DATA IN
GPS 15
Power/Data Cable
(6) ORANGE: RF BIAS
Figure 3. Basic NMEA Device Interconnection
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 7
Rev. A
3
SOFTWARE INTERFACE
The GPS 15 interface protocol design on COM 1 is based on the National Marine Electronics Association’s
NMEA 0183 ASCII interface specification. This standard is fully defined in “NMEA 0183, Version 3.0”
(copies may be obtained from NMEA, www.nmea.org).
The GPS 15 interface protocol, in addition to transmitting navigation information as defined by
NMEA˚0183, transmits additional information using the convention of GARMIN proprietary sentences.
The following sections describe the NMEA 0183 data format of each sentence transmitted and received by
the GPS 15.
3.1 RECEIVED NMEA 0183 SENTENCES
The subsequent paragraphs define the sentences that can be received on the GPS sensors’ COM 1 port. Null
fields in the configuration sentence indicate no change in the particular configuration parameter. All
sentences received by the GPS sensor must be terminated with <CR><LF>, the ASCII characters for
carriage return (0D hexadecimal) and line feed (0A hexadecimal). The checksum *hh is used for parity
checking data and is not required, but is recommended for use in environments containing high
electromagnetic noise. It is generally not required in normal PC environments. When used, the parity bytes
(hh) are the ASCII representation of the exclusive-or (XOR) sum of all the characters between the "$” and
“*” characters, non-inclusive. Sentences may be truncated by <CR><LF> after any data field and valid
fields up to that point will be acted on by the GPS sensor.
3.1.1
Sensor Initialization Information (PGRMI)
The $PGRMI sentence provides information used to initialize the GPS sensor’s set position and time used
for satellite acquisition. Receipt of this sentence by the GPS sensor causes the software to restart the
satellite acquisition process. If there are no errors in the sentence, it will be echoed upon receipt. If an
error is detected, the echoed PGRMI sentence will contain the current default values. Current PGRMI
defaults (with the exception of the Receiver Command, which is a command rather than a mode) can also be
obtained by sending $PGRMIE to the GPS sensor.
$PGRMI,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
Page 8
Rev. A
Latitude, ddmm.mmm format (leading zeros must be transmitted)
Latitude hemisphere, N or S
Longitude, dddmm.mmm format (leading zeros must be transmitted)
Longitude hemisphere, E or W
Current UTC date, ddmmyy format
Current UTC time, hhmmss format
Receiver Command, A = Auto Locate, R = Unit Reset
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
3.1.2
Sensor Configuration Information (PGRMC)
The $PGRMC sentence provides information used to configure the GPS sensor’s operation. Configuration
parameters are stored in non-volatile memory and retained between power cycles. The GPS sensor will
echo this sentence upon its receipt if no errors are detected. If an error is detected, the echoed PGRMC
sentence will contain the current default values. Current default values can also be obtained by sending
$PGRMCE to the GPS sensor.
$PGRMC,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,<8>,<9>,<10>,<11>,<12>,<13>,<14>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
<10>
<11>
<12>
<13>
<14>
Fix mode, A = automatic, 2 = 2D exclusively (host system must supply altitude),
3 = 3D exclusively
Altitude above/below mean sea level, -1500.0 to 18000.0 meters
Earth datum index. If the user datum index (96) is specified, fields <4> through <8> must contain
valid values. Otherwise, fields <4> through <8> must be null. Refer to Appendix A for a list of
earth datums and the corresponding earth datum index.
User earth datum semi-major axis, 6360000.000 to 6380000.000 meters (.001 meters resolution)
User earth datum inverse flattening factor, 285.0 to 310.0 (10-9 resolution)
User earth datum delta x earth centered coordinate, -5000.0 to 5000.0 meters (1 meter resolution)
User earth datum delta y earth centered coordinate, -5000.0 to 5000.0 meters (1 meter resolution)
User earth datum delta z earth centered coordinate, -5000.0 to 5000.0 meters (1 meter resolution)
Not used.
Not used.
Velocity filter, 0 = No filter, 1 = Automatic filter, 2-255 = Filter time constant
(e.g., 10 = 10 second filter)
Not used.
Not used.
Dead reckoning valid time 1-30 (sec)
All configuration changes take effect after receipt of a valid value.
3.1.3
Miscellaneous Commands (PGRMO)
The $PGRMO sentence provides the ability to change between normal and power save modes, as well as
select Garmin data format for the remainder of the power cycle.
$PGRMO,<1>,<2>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
Not used.
Command, where:
B = change to power save mode.
G = change to Garmin proprietary data format for the remainder of the power cycle.
N = change to normal (as opposed to power save) mode.
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 9
Rev. A
3.2 TRANSMITTED NMEA 0183 SENTENCES
The subsequent paragraphs define the sentences that can be transmitted on COM 1 by the GPS sensor.
3.2.1
Sentence Transmission Rate
The GPS sensor will transmit each sentence (except where noted in particular transmitted sentence
descriptions) at a one-second rate. The GPS sensor will transmit the following sentences contiguously. The
contiguous transmission starts at a GPS second boundary. The information transmitted by the GPS sensor
is referenced to the GPS second boundary immediately preceding the GPRMC sentence.
Table 2. NMEA 0183 Output Sentence Order
Sentence
GPRMC
GPGGA
GPGSA
GPGSV
PGRME
PGRMT
PGRMM
Output by Default?
✔
✔
✔
✔
✔
Once per minute
✔
The maximum number of fields allowed in a single sentence is 82 characters including delimiters. Values
in the table include the sentence start delimiter character “$” and the termination delimiter <CR><LF>.
The factory set defaults will result in a once per second transmission at the NMEA 0183 specification
transmission rate of 4800 baud.
Page 10
Rev. A
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
3.2.2
Transmitted Time
The GPS sensor outputs UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) date and time of day in the transmitted
sentences. Prior to the initial position fix, the on-board clock provides the date and time of day. After the
initial position fix, the date and time of day are calculated using GPS satellite information.
The GPS sensor uses information obtained from the GPS satellites to add or delete UTC leap seconds and
correct the transmitted date and time of day. The transmitted date and time of day for leap second
correction follow the guidelines in “National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication
432 (Revised 1990)” (for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C., 20402, U.S.A.).
When a positive leap second is required, the second is inserted beginning at 23h 59m 60s of the last day of
a month and ending at 0h 0m 0s of the first day of the following month. The minute containing the leap
second is 61 seconds long. The GPS sensor would have transmitted this information for the leap second
added December 31, 1989 as follows:
Date
Time
311289 235959
311289 235960
010190 000000
If a negative leap second should be required, one second will be deleted at the end of some UTC month.
The minute containing the leap second will be only 59 seconds long. In this case, the GPS sensor will not
transmit the time of day 23h 59m 59s for the day from which the leap second is removed.
3.2.3
Global Positioning System Fix Data (GGA)
$GPGGA,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,<8>,<9>,M,<10>,M,<11>,<12>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
<10>
<11>
<12>
UTC time of position fix, hhmmss format
Latitude, ddmm.mmmm format (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Latitude hemisphere, N or S
Longitude, dddmm.mmmm format (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Longitude hemisphere, E or W
GPS quality indication, 0 = fix not available, 1 = Non-differential GPS fix available, 2 =
Differential GPS (DGPS) fix available, 6 = Estimated
Number of satellites in use, 00 to 12 (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Horizontal dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
Antenna height above/below mean sea level, -9999.9 to 99999.9 meters
Geoidal height, -999.9 to 9999.9 meters
Not used.
Not used.
3.2.4
GPS DOP and Active Satellites (GSA)
$GPGSA,<1>,<2>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
Mode, M = manual, A = automatic
Fix type, 1 = not available, 2 = 2D, 3 = 3D
PRN number, 01 to 32, of satellite used in solution, up to 12 transmitted (leading zeros will be
transmitted)
Position dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
Horizontal dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
Vertical dilution of precision, 0.5 to 99.9
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 11
Rev. A
3.2.5
GPS Satellites in View (GSV)
$GPGSV,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,...<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
Total number of GSV sentences to be transmitted
Number of current GSV sentence
Total number of satellites in view, 00 to 12 (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Satellite PRN number, 01 to 32 (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Satellite elevation, 00 to 90 degrees (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Satellite azimuth, 000 to 359 degrees, true (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Signal to noise ratio (C/No) 00 to 99 dB, null when not tracking (leading zeros will be transmitted)
NOTE: Items <4>,<5>,<6> and <7> repeat for each satellite in view to a maximum of four (4) satellites
per sentence. Additional satellites in view information must be sent in subsequent bursts of NMEA 0183
data. These fields will be null if unused.
3.2.6
Recommended Minimum Specific GPS/TRANSIT Data (RMC)
$GPRMC,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,<8>,<9>,<10>,<11>,<12>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
<10>
<11>
<12>
UTC time of position fix, hhmmss format
Status, A = Valid position, V = NAV receiver warning
Latitude, ddmm.mmmm format (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Latitude hemisphere, N or S
Longitude, dddmm.mmmm format (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Longitude hemisphere, E or W
Speed over ground, 000.0 to 999.9 knots (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Course over ground, 000.0 to 359.9 degrees, true (leading zeros will be transmitted)
UTC date of position fix, ddmmyy format
Magnetic variation, 000.0 to 180.0 degrees (leading zeros will be transmitted)
Magnetic variation direction, E or W (westerly variation adds to true course)
Mode indicator, A = Autonomous, D = Differential, E = Estimated, N = Data not valid
3.2.7
Estimated Error Information (PGRME)
$PGRME,<1>,M,<2>,M,<3>,M*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
3.2.8
Estimated horizontal position error (HPE), 0.0 to 999.9 meters
Estimated vertical position error (VPE), 0.0 to 999.9 meters
Estimated position error (EPE), 0.0 to 999.9 meters
Map Datum (PGRMM)
The GARMIN Proprietary sentence $PGRMM gives the name of the map datum currently in use by the
GPS sensor. This information is used by the GARMIN MapSource real-time plotting application.
$PGRMM,<1>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
Page 12
Rev. A
Name of map datum currently in use (variable length field, e.g., “WGS 84”)
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
3.2.9
Sensor Status Information (PGRMT)
The GARMIN Proprietary sentence $PGRMT gives information concerning the status of the GPS sensor.
This sentence is transmitted once per minute regardless of the selected baud rate.
$PGRMT,<1>,<2>,<3>,<4>,<5>,<6>,<7>,<8>,<9>*hh<CR><LF>
<1>
<2>
<3>
<4>
<5>
<6>
<7>
<8>
<9>
Product, model and software version (variable length field, e.g., “GPS 17 VER 2.05”)
ROM checksum test, P = pass, F = fail
Receiver failure discrete, P = pass, F = fail
Stored data lost, R = retained, L = lost
Real time clock lost, R = retained, L = lost
Oscillator drift discrete, P = pass, F = excessive drift detected
Data collection discrete, C = collecting, null if not collecting
GPS sensor temperature in degrees C
Not used.
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 13
Rev. A
4
MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS & MOUNTING
.167
4.24
.081
2.06
.142
3.60
.047
1.19
.940
23.88
.198
5.04
A
.177
4.50
1.387
35.22
PIN 1
1.490
37.85
1.690
42.93
.037
0.94
DETAIL A
SCALE 3 : 1
.309
7.84
.105
2.67
.110
2.79
.432
10.97
.735
18.67
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONS IN MILLIMETERS [INCHES].
2. DIMENSION TOLERENCES: 0.25mm [ 0.10"].
3. USE M2 MOUNTING SCREWS.
Figure 4. GPS 15-F Dimensions
PIN 1
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONS IDENTICAL TO GPS 15-F.
2. USE M2 MOUNTING SCREWS.
Figure 5. GPS 15-W Outline Drawing
Page 14
Rev. A
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Appendix A
Earth Datums
The following is a list of the GARMIN GPS 15 earth datum indices and the corresponding earth datum
name (including the area of application):
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
ADINDAN - Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan
AFGOOYE - Somalia
AIN EL ABD 1970 - Bahrain Island, Saudi Arabia
ANNA 1 ASTRO 1965 - Cocos Island
ARC 1950 - Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
ARC 1960 - Kenya, Tanzania
ASCENSION ISLAND 1958 - Ascension Island
ASTRO BEACON “E” - Iwo Jima Island
AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1966 - Australia, Tasmania Island
AUSTRALIAN GEODETIC 1984 - Australia, Tasmania Island
ASTRO DOS 71/4 - St. Helena Island
ASTRONOMIC STATION 1952 - Marcus Island
ASTRO B4 SOROL ATOLL - Tern Island
BELLEVUE (IGN) - Efate and Erromango Islands
BERMUDA 1957 - Bermuda Islands
BOGOTA OBSERVATORY - Colombia
CAMPO INCHAUSPE - Argentina
CANTON ASTRO 1966 - Phoenix Islands
CAPE CANAVERAL - Florida, Bahama Islands
CAPE - South Africa
CARTHAGE - Tunisia
CHATHAM 1971 - Chatham Island (New Zealand)
CHUA ASTRO - Paraguay
CORREGO ALEGRE - Brazil
DJAKARTA (BATAVIA) - Sumatra Island (Indonesia)
DOS 1968 - Gizo Island (New Georgia Islands)
EASTER ISLAND 1967 - Easter Island
EUROPEAN 1950 - Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
EUROPEAN 1979 - Austria, Finland, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
FINLAND HAYFORD 1910 - Finland
GANDAJIKA BASE - Republic of Maldives
GEODETIC DATUM 1949 - New Zealand
ORDNANCE SURVEY OF GREAT BRITAIN 1936 - England, Isle of Man, Scotland, Shetland
Islands, Wales
GUAM 1963 - Guam Island
GUX 1 ASTRO - Guadalcanal Island
HJORSEY 1955 - Iceland
HONG KONG 1963 - Hong Kong
INDIAN - Bangladesh, India, Nepal
INDIAN - Thailand, Vietnam
IRELAND 1965 - Ireland
ISTS O73 ASTRO 1969 - Diego Garcia
JOHNSTON ISLAND 1961 - Johnston Island
KANDAWALA - Sri Lanka
KERGUELEN ISLAND - Kerguelen Island
KERTAU 1948 - West Malaysia, Singapore
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
Page 15
Rev. A
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
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Rev. A
L.C. 5 ASTRO - Cayman Brac Island
LIBERIA 1964 - Liberia
LUZON - Mindanao Island
LUZON - Phillippines (excluding Mindanao Island)
MAHE 1971 - Mahe Island
MARCO ASTRO - Salvage Islands
MASSAWA - Eritrea (Ethiopia)
MERCHICH - Morocco
MIDWAY ASTRO 1961 - Midway Island
MINNA - Nigeria
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Alaska
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Bahamas (excluding San Salvador Island)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Honduras, Nicaragua)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Canal Zone
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Canada (including Newfoundland Island)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Caribbean (Barbados, Caicos Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic,
Grand Cayman, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Turks Islands)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Mean Value (CONUS)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Cuba
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Greenland (Hayes Peninsula)
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - Mexico
NORTH AMERICAN 1927 - San Salvador Island
NORTH AMERICAN 1983 - Alaska, Canada, Central America, CONUS, Mexico
NAPARIMA, BWI - Trinidad and Tobago
NAHRWAN - Masirah Island (Oman)
NAHRWAN - Saudi Arabia
NAHRWAN - United Arab Emirates
OBSERVATORIO 1966 - Corvo and Flores Islands (Azores)
OLD EGYPTIAN - Egypt
OLD HAWAIIAN - Mean Value
OMAN - Oman
PICO DE LAS NIEVES - Canary Islands
PITCAIRN ASTRO 1967 - Pitcairn Island
PUERTO RICO - Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
QATAR NATIONAL - Qatar
QORNOQ - South Greenland
REUNION - Mascarene Island
ROME 1940 - Sardinia Island
RT 90 - Sweden
PROVISIONAL SOUTH AMERICAN 1956 - Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru,
Venezuela
SOUTH AMERICAN 1969 - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana,
Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago
SOUTH ASIA - Singapore
PROVISIONAL SOUTH CHILEAN 1963 - South Chile
SANTO (DOS) - Espirito Santo Island
SAO BRAZ - Sao Miguel, Santa Maria Islands (Azores)
SAPPER HILL 1943 - East Falkland Island
SCHWARZECK - Namibia
SOUTHEAST BASE - Porto Santo and Madeira Islands
SOUTHWEST BASE - Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge, and Terceira Islands (Azores)
TIMBALAI 1948 - Brunei and East Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah)
TOKYO - Japan, Korea, Okinawa
TRISTAN ASTRO 1968 - Tristan da Cunha
User defined earth datum
VITI LEVU 1916 - Viti Levu Island (Fiji Islands)
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
WAKE-ENIWETOK 1960 - Marshall Islands
WORLD GEODETIC SYSTEM 1972
WORLD GEODETIC SYSTEM 1984
ZANDERIJ - Surinam
CH-1903 - Switzerland
Hu - Tzu - Shan
Indonesia 74
Austria
Potsdam
Taiwan - modified Hu-Tzu-Shan
GDA - Geocentric Datum of Australia
Dutch
GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
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GPS 15 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
P/N 190-00266-00
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