Garmin 2610/2650 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPSMAP 400/500 series
®
owner’s manual
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
a
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express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of
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organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products.
Garmin®, the Garmin logo, GPSMAP®, and BlueChart® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, registered in the USA and other countries. These trademarks may not be used without the express
permission of Garmin.
b
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Introduction
This manual includes information for the following products:
GPSMAP 431/431s
GPSMAP 531/531s
GPSMAP 541/541s
®
GPSMAP 441/441s
GPSMAP 536/536s
GPSMAP 546/546s
Tips and Shortcuts
• Press HOME from any screen to return to the Home screen.
• Press MENU from any of the main screens to access advanced settings.
• Press and release the Power key to adjust the display settings.
Manual Conventions
In this manual, when you are instructed to select an item, small arrows (>)
appear in the text. They indicate that you should highlight a series of items on
the screen using the Rocker, and press the SELECT key after each item. For
example, if you see “select Charts > Navigation Chart,” you should highlight
Charts, and press SELECT. Then highlight Navigation Chart, and press
SELECT again.
Introduction
Quick Links
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Turning the Unit On or Off: page 2.
Acquiring GPS Satellite Signals: page 5.
Inserting and Removing SD Cards: page 6.
Restoring the Original Factory Settings: page 6.
Using the Navigation Chart: page 8.
Changing the Navigation Chart Settings: page 11.
Navigating to a Destination: page 22.
Creating and Using Waypoints: page 24.
Configuring System Settings: page 46.
Using Sonar: page 54.
Alarms and Messages: page 64.
Hg
- lampS inside this product contain mercury and
must be recycled or disposed of according to local,
state, or federal laws.
For more information go to www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.
jsp.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
i
Introduction
Introduction��������������������������������������������� i
Tips and Shortcuts������������������������������������������� i
Manual Conventions���������������������������������������� i
Quick Links������������������������������������������������������ i
Declaration of Conformity (DoC)������������������� iv
Product Registration�������������������������������������� iv
Contact Garmin��������������������������������������������� iv
Device Overview������������������������������������ 1
Front Panel����������������������������������������������������� 1
Rear Panel����������������������������������������������������� 1
Turning the Unit On or Off������������������������������ 2
Initializing Unit Settings���������������������������������� 3
Adjusting the Backlight����������������������������������� 4
Using the Keypad������������������������������������������� 5
Acquiring GPS Satellite Signals��������������������� 5
Using Simulator Mode������������������������������������ 5
Viewing System Information��������������������������� 6
Restoring the Original Factory Settings���������� 6
Inserting and Removing SD Cards����������������� 6
Understanding the Home Screen������������������� 7
Using Charts������������������������������������������ 8
Using the Navigation Chart���������������������������� 8
Understanding How Wind VMG and Waypoint
VMG Appear in the Data Bars���������������������� 9
Changing the Navigation Chart Settings������ 11
Using the Split Navigation Chart������������������ 13
ii
Using Perspective 3D����������������������������������� 13
Using Mariner’s Eye 3D�������������������������������� 15
Using Fish Eye 3D���������������������������������������� 16
Using Fishing Charts������������������������������������ 17
Enabling High Resolution Satellite Imagery� 18
Viewing Aerial Photos����������������������������������� 19
Animated Tide and Current Indicators���������� 20
Detailed Road and POI Data������������������������ 20
Using Automatic Guidance��������������������������� 20
Using the Chart/Sonar Screen��������������������� 21
Where To?�������������������������������������������� 22
Navigating to a Destination�������������������������� 23
Creating and Using Waypoints��������������������� 24
Creating and Using Routes�������������������������� 26
Using Tracks������������������������������������������������� 27
Using BlueChart g2 Vision���������������������������� 29
Navigating with a Garmin Autopilot�������������� 30
Viewing Information���������������������������� 30
Viewing a Compass�������������������������������������� 30
Viewing Numbers����������������������������������������� 31
Viewing Trip Information������������������������������� 32
Viewing and Customizing Fuel Gauges and
Engine Gauges������������������������������������������ 32
Viewing Tide-station Information������������������ 36
Viewing Current Information������������������������� 37
Viewing Celestial Information����������������������� 37
Viewing User Data���������������������������������������� 38
Viewing Other Vessels���������������������������������� 40
Automatic Identification System������������������� 41
Configuring the Chartplotter�������������� 46
Configuring System Settings������������������������ 46
Configuring Units of Measure����������������������� 46
Changing the System Language������������������ 47
Configuring Navigation Preferences������������� 47
Configuring Communications Settings��������� 48
Setting Alarms���������������������������������������������� 50
Setting the Total Fuel Onboard Alarm����������� 51
Configuring My Boat������������������������������������� 51
Configuring Other Vessels���������������������������� 53
Using Sonar����������������������������������������� 54
Understanding the Full Screen��������������������� 54
Understanding the Flasher Screen��������������� 54
Understanding the Split Frequency Screen�� 55
Understanding The Split Zoom Screen�������� 55
Understanding the Depth Log Screen���������� 56
Understanding the Temp Log Screen����������� 56
Setting Up Sonar������������������������������������������ 57
Advanced Sonar Settings����������������������������� 57
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)����������� 59
Using the Chartplotter with a VHF Radio����� 59
Adding a DSC Contact��������������������������������� 60
Viewing the DSC List������������������������������������ 60
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Introduction
Receiving Distress Calls������������������������������� 60
Man-Overboard Distress Calls Initiated from a
VHF Radio������������������������������������������������� 60
Man-Overboard Distress Calls Initiated from
the Chartplotter������������������������������������������ 61
Position Tracking������������������������������������������ 61
Placing an Individual Routine Call���������������� 62
Calling an AIS Target������������������������������������ 62
Appendix���������������������������������������������� 63
Specifications����������������������������������������������� 63
Alarms and Messages���������������������������������� 64
Capturing Screenshots��������������������������������� 66
Caring for the Unit���������������������������������������� 67
Software License Agreement����������������������� 67
Index����������������������������������������������������� 68
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
iii
Introduction
 Warning
See the Important Safety and Product Information guide in the product box for
product warnings and other important information.
Hg - Lamps inside this product contain mercury and
must be recycled or disposed of according to local,
state, or federal laws.
For more information go to www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/environment
/disposal.html.
Declaration of Conformity (DoC)
Hereby, Garmin, declares that this product is in compliance
with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of
Directive 1999/5/EC. To view the full Declaration of Conformity,
go to www.garmin.com/compliance.
iv
Product Registration
Help us better support you by completing our online registration today. Go to
http://my.garmin.com. Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
Contact Garmin
Contact Garmin Product Support if you have any questions while using your
unit. In the USA, go to www.garmin.com/support, or contact Garmin USA by
phone at (913) 397.8200 or (800) 800.1020.
In the UK, contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. by phone at 0808 2380000.
In Europe, go to www.garmin.com/support and click Contact Support for
in-country support information, or contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. by phone at
+44 (0) 870.8501241.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Device Overview
Device Overview
Rear Panel
GPSMAP 536/546
Front Panel
➊
➌
➋
➊
➋
➌
➍
➏
➎
➊
➋
➐
➑
➌
NMEA 2000
Power/Data
External GPS antenna
GPSMAP 441/541
➋
Power
➋ Range (-/+)
➌ Rocker
➍ MARK
➊
➊
➌
SELECT
➏ HOME
➐ MENU
➑ SD card slot
➎
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
1
Device Overview
Turning the Unit On or Off
GPSMAP 431
➊
To turn on the unit, press and release the Power key. When the Warning
screen appears, select I Agree to view the Home screen.
➋
Note: The first time you turn on your unit, you must configure the initial
settings. See “Initializing Unit Settings.”
To turn off the unit, press and hold the
➊
➋
Power key.
Power/Data
External GPS antenna
GPSMAP 531
➊
2
➋
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Device Overview
Initializing Unit Settings
The first time you turn on your unit, you must configure the initial settings.
NOTE: You can change these settings later using the Configure screen (page
46).
Language—select the language to display on the screen.
Store Demonstration—select Off. (This option is only available the first time
the unit is turned on.)
Welcome—select OK.
NMEA Devices—if you have NMEA 0183 devices connected to a serial port,
specify which ports are connected.
AIS Receiver (not available if you select None for NMEA Devices)—Select
Yes if one of the devices connected to a serial port is an AIS (Automatic
Identification System) receiver.
your boat specifications for more information.
Shallow Water Alarm—only available if you are receiving NMEA sonar
depth data. Select Yes or No.
Minimum Overhead Clearance—select the minimum overhead clearance for
your boat. Refer to your boat specifications for more information.
AIS Alarm Range—select the distance at which an alarm will sound if an AIS
vessel nears your boat (page 53).
AIS Alarm Time To—select the time within which an alarm will sound if an
AIS vessel is on track to intersect the Safe Zone around your boat (page 53).
If a water speed wheel is detected, a message will ask if you want to calibrate
it now. Select Yes or No.
Position Format—specify the coordinate system to use for location readings.
Time Format—specify whether you want the time shown in a 12‑hour,
24‑hour, or UTC (Universal Time Coordinated) format.
Time Zone—set the time zone you want displayed for time readings. If
Auto is selected for the Time Zone, the DST option is not available and is
automatically set to Auto.
System Units—specify units for on-screen measurements as Statute, Metric,
or Nautical, or select Custom to individually define units of measure for
depth, temperature, distance, speed, elevation, volume, and pressure.
Minimum Safe Depth—select the minimum safe depth for your boat. Refer to
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
3
Device Overview
Adjusting the Backlight
1. Press and release the Power key.
2. Press left or right on the Rocker to adjust the brightness.
NOTE: Press the Power key repeatedly to cycle between maximum
backlight, minimum backlight, and your manual setting.
To switch between Day and Night mode:
1. Press and release the Power key.
2. Select Color Mode.
3. Press left or right on the Rocker to switch between modes.
To allow the unit to automatically adjust the backlight based on ambient light,
select Auto Day/Night Mode.
To allow the unit to automatically adjust the backlight based on ambient light,
select Auto Backlight (automatic backlight is available only on the GPSMAP
536 and 546).
4
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Device Overview
Using the Keypad
Acquiring GPS Satellite Signals
➍
➏
➊
➋
➌
➎
➐
When you turn on the unit, the GPS receiver must collect satellite data and
establish the current location. When the unit acquires satellite signals, the
signal strength bars at the top of the Home screen are green
. When the
unit loses satellite signals, the green bars disappear
and the position icon
displays a flashing question mark.
For more information about GPS, visit the Garmin Web site at
www.garmin.com/aboutGPS.
Using Simulator Mode
Icon Description
Press and hold to turn the unit on or off. Press and release to
➊
adjust the backlight and the day and night modes.
Press to adjust the range of the sonar. Press to zoom in or out on
➋
a chart. Press to page up or down on lists.
Press up, down, left, or right to move through menus, highlight
➌
fields, and enter data.
Press to mark a waypoint.
➍
Press to select highlighted items.
➎
Press to return to the Home screen.
➏
Press to access additional settings and configuration options.
➐
Press to return to the previous screen when indicated.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Simulator mode turns the GPS receiver off for use indoors or for practice. The
unit does not track satellites in simulator mode.
 Warning
Do not try to navigate using simulator mode, because the GPS receiver is
turned off. Any satellite signal-strength bars shown are only simulations and do
not represent the strength of actual satellite signals.
To turn on Simulator mode:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > System > Simulator.
2. Select Setup to set speed, track control, and position.
5
Device Overview
Viewing System Information
You can view the software version, the basemap version, supplemental map
information (if applicable), and the unit ID number for your chartplotter.
You may need this information to update the system software or to purchase
additional map data.
From the home screen, select Configure > System > System Information.
Restoring the Original Factory Settings
NOTE: This procedure deletes all settings information you have entered.
Inserting and Removing SD Cards
Your unit supports Secure Digital (SD) cards. Insert optional BlueChart® g2
Vision® SD cards to view high-resolution satellite imagery and reference
photos of ports, harbors, marinas, and other points of interest. Use SD cards
to transfer data such as waypoints, routes, and tracks to another compatible
Garmin unit or a computer (page 38). The SD card slot is on the lower-right
corner of the unit.
To insert the SD card, open the access door and press the SD card in until it
clicks. Press the card in again and release it to eject it from the chartplotter.
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > System > System Information
> Factory Settings.
2. Select Yes to restore all factory settings, or select No to cancel. The unit
reboots and prompts you to adjust unit settings (page 3).
Note: If you use an SD card to transfer waypoints from MapSource® or
HomePort™, update to the most-current version by clicking Help > Check for
Software Updates, or check the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com.
6
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Device Overview
Understanding the Home Screen
Use the Home screen to access all other screens. Press HOME from any
screen to return to the Home screen.
• Charts—selects Navigation, Fishing, Perspective 3D, Mariner’s Eye 3D,
Fish Eye 3D, and Split Navigation charts.
Note: Mariner’s Eye 3D charts and Fish Eye 3D charts are available only
if you use a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card. Fishing charts are available if
you use a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card or if your built-in map supports
Fishing charts.
• Sonar—set up and access sonar information (page 54).
Note: You must have an “s” series unit (such as a GPSMAP 441s) with a
connected transducer to use sonar features.
• Chart/Sonar—set up the screen to view a chart and sonar in a split screen
(page 21).
• Where To?—access navigation features (page 22).
• Information—view information including dashboard options, tides,
currents, celestial data, user data, information about other vessels, and
weather (page 30). See the GPSMAP 400/500 Series Weather Supplement
for more information.
• Configure—access unit and system settings (page 46).
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
7
Using Charts
Using Charts
Your chartplotter has a worldwide basemap or BlueChart g2 cartography for
either the USA shoreline or a specific country.
• Navigation Chart—displays all relevant navigation data available on your
preloaded maps, including buoys, lights, cables, depth soundings, marinas,
and tide stations, in an overhead view.
• Perspective 3D—provides a view from above and behind the boat
(according to your course), and provides a visual navigation aid.
• Split Navigation Chart—displays two different zoom levels of the
Navigation chart at the same time.
• Fishing Chart—provides a view of the chart with enhanced bottom
contours and without navigational data. This chart works well for offshore
deep-sea fishing.
• Fish Eye 3D—provides an underwater 3D view that visually represents the
sea floor according to the information on the chart.
• Mariner’s Eye 3D—provides a view from above and behind the boat as a
three-dimensional navigation aid. The BlueChart g2 Vision Mariner’s Eye
3D is more detailed than the preloaded data.
Mariner’s Eye 3D charts and Fish Eye 3D charts are available only if you
use a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card.
8
Using the Navigation Chart
Use the Navigation chart to plan your course, to view map information, and as
a navigational aid.
To access a Navigation chart, from the Home screen, select
Charts > Navigation Chart.
➊
➋
➌
➍
➎
➊
➏
➋
➐
➌
➍
➋
➏
➐
➎
➑
➎
Exposed Wreck
Light
Your boat
Tide station
Beacon
Exposed rock
Zoom scale
Marina services
➑
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Navigation Chart Menu
To access additional settings or options for the Navigation chart, press MENU.
Full Screen Map—view the Navigation or Fishing chart in full-screen mode,
without numbers.
Waypoints & Tracks—view, add, and configure waypoints
(page 24) and tracks (page 27).
Other Vessels—view information about other vessels if your chartplotter
is connected to an external AIS (Automatic Identification System) or DSC
(Digital Selective Calling) device (page 59).
Stop Navigation—stop navigating to your destination (only available while
navigating).
Data Bars—show or hide cruising, navigation, fishing, fuel, or sailing
numbers.
• Cruising—turn the GPS Speed, GPS Heading, Depth, and GPS Position
data bar on or off. Select Data Bar Setup to configure the data shown on
the screen.
• Navigation—turn the Distance to Destination, Arrival, Off Course, and
Bearing data bar on or off. Select Auto to turn on the navigation data bar
whenever you are navigating to a destination. Select Data Bar Setup to
choose different data to show on the cruising data bar.
• Fishing—turn the Depth, Water Temperature, and Water Speed data bar on
or off.
• Fuel—turn the Fuel Rate, Remaining Fuel, Range, and Fuel Economy data
bar on or off.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
• Sailing—turn the Water Speed, Wind Speed, Wind Angle, and Wind
Velocity Made Good (VMG) data bar on or off. Select Wind to toggle
between True and Apparent wind speed and wind angle.
• XM Audio­­—displays an XM audio bar at the bottom of the screen if XM
audio is available.
• Compass Tape—displayed at the top of the screen to provide the current
heading, and an indicator that shows the bearing to the desired course
appears while navigating.
Understanding How Wind VMG and Waypoint VMG
Appear in the Data Bars
The chartplotter automatically switches between displaying Wind Velocity
Made Good (VMG) and Waypoint VMG in the data bars.
Waypoint VMG appears under these conditions:
• The Route Leg data bar displays Waypoint VMG when you are navigating
a route or an automatic guidance line.
• The Sailing data bar displays Waypoint VMG when you are navigating a
route or an automatic guidance line and you turn off the Route Leg data
bar.
Wind VMG appears under these conditions:
• The Sailing data bar displays Wind VMG when you are not navigating a
route or an automatic guidance line.
• The Sailing data bar displays Wind VMG when the Route Leg data bar is
on.
Chart Setup—customize the Navigation chart settings (page 11).
9
Using Charts
Understanding Chart Data
Charts for BlueChart g2 and BlueChart g2 Vision use graphic symbols to
denote map features that follow the standards for USA and international charts.
Other features common to most charts include depth contour lines (with deep
water represented in white), intertidal zones, spot soundings (as depicted on
the original paper chart), navigational aids and symbols, and obstructions and
cable areas.
Navigating to a Point on the Chart
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, or Split Navigation Chart.
3. Use the Rocker to select the point on the chart to which you want to go.
4. Press SELECT.
5. Select Navigate To.
6. Select Go To (or Guide To when using a preprogrammed BlueChart g2
Vision card for Automatic Guidance).
7. Follow the colored line on the screen to the destination.
To create a route to a point on the chart, see page 26.
Panning the Navigation Chart
Use the Rocker to move the map pointer ( ) away from your current
location and to scroll to other areas on the Navigation chart. As you pan past
the edge of the current map display, the screen scrolls forward to provide
continuous map coverage.
➊
To pan the map, press up, down, right, or left on the Rocker.
To stop panning, press MENU, and then select Stop Panning.
Zooming In and Out on the Map
The Range (-/+) keys control the zoom level, indicated by the scale at the
bottom of the Navigation chart (
). The bar under the number represents
that distance on the map.
As you move the map pointer ➊, you can view the distance and bearing from
your current location and the map pointer’s location coordinates, in the lowerright corner of the map.
10
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Accessing Additional Object Information
Use the map pointer ( ) to view information about on-screen map items,
waypoints, and charts.
Use the map pointer ( ) to highlight a tide-station icon (
SELECT.
For more information about tides, see page 36.
To access additional object information:
1. On the Navigation chart, highlight an item ➊ with the map pointer, and
press SELECT.
Changing the Navigation Chart Settings
➊
), and press
To change chart settings from the home screen, select Charts >
Navigation Chart > MENU > Chart Setup.
Photos—sets the high-resolution satellite images to Off, Land Only, or On.
High-resolution satellite imagery is only available while using a BlueChart g2
Vision SD card.
Tides/Currents—turns tides and currents on or off (page 36). Select
Animated to show animated tide station indicators and animated current
direction indicators on the chart (page 20).
Service Points—turns marine service points on or off.
2. Select the item. If more than one item is in the area, select Review, and
then select the item.
Viewing Tide-Station Information
Tide-station information appears on the chart with a detailed icon showing the
relevant tide level. You can view an in-depth graph for a tide station to help
predict the tide level at different times or on different days.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
11
Using Charts
Roses—displays a compass rose ➊ around your boat, indicating compass
direction. True wind direction or apparent wind direction ➋ displays if the unit
is connected to a compatible marine wind sensor.
Orientation—changes the perspective of the map display.
• North Up—sets the top of the map display to a north heading.
• Head Up—sets the map display to the current track heading.
• Course Up—sets the map so the direction of navigation is always up. The
heading line appears vertically on the screen if shown.
Detail—adjusts the amount of detail shown on the map at different zoom
levels.
• Press left on the Rocker to decrease map detail.
• Press right on the Rocker to increase map detail.
➋
➊
Weather—sets up and displays various weather parameters, including
precipitation (NEXRAD), cloud cover, visibility, WX buoys, and the weather
legend. Sea temperature and fish species can be displayed on the Fishing chart.
See the GPSMAP 400/500 Series Weather Supplement for more information.
Note: If Weather is set to Off, none of the weather options will be visible
on the chart.
Changing the Chart Appearance
From the Home screen, select Charts > Navigation Chart > MENU >
Chart Setup > Chart Appearance.
12
Heading Line—draws an extension line from the bow of the boat in the
direction of travel.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
• Off—turns the heading line off.
• Distance—sets the distance to the end of the heading line.
• Time—sets the amount of time until you reach the end of the heading line.
World Map—displays a basic world map or satellite imagery (when Full
World Map is selected).
Using the Split Navigation Chart
Use the Split Navigation chart to view two different zoom levels of the
Navigation chart at the same time. The top half of the screen is zoomed in 10
times closer than the bottom half of the screen. The Range (-/+) keys control
the zoom level.
Spot Depths—turns spot soundings on or off, and sets a dangerous depth.
Safety Shading (only available when you are using a BlueChart g2 or
BlueChart g2 Vision card)—identifies a selected depth. Areas on the chart with
depths shallower than the specified value are shaded in blue, while areas with
depths greater than the specified value are shaded in white. The contour is
always drawn at, or deeper than, the selected depth.
Select Auto to use the depth from the g2 Vision chart.
Symbols—changes symbol preferences.
Navaid Size—adjusts the size of the navaid symbols shown on the map.
Navaid Type—selects the navaid symbol set (NOAA or IALA).
Land POIs—turns the display of land POIs (points of interest) on or off
Light Sectors—turns the sector in which a navigational light is visible on
or off. Selecting Auto filters out light sectors, depending on the zoom level.
• Chart Borders—turns chart borders on when using a BlueChart g2 Vision
SD card and you want to see what area the maps cover.
• Photo Points—turns camera icons (page 19) on or off when using a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card.
• Vehicle Icon—allows you to select a boat or triangle that is large, medium,
or small as your boat icon on the chart.
•
•
•
•
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Press MENU to view additional settings (page 9).
Using Perspective 3D
Perspective 3D provides a view from above and behind the boat (according
to your course), and provides a visual navigation aid. This view is helpful
when navigating tricky shoals, reefs, bridges, or channels, and is beneficial
when trying to identify entry routes and exit routes in unfamiliar harbors or
anchorages.
13
Using Charts
To access the Perspective 3D screen from the Home screen, select Charts
> Perspective 3D.
Press the Range (+) key to move the view closer to your boat and lower to the
water. Press the Range (-) key to move the view away from the boat.
To view details about navaids such as beacons, lights, and
obstructions:
1. Use the Rocker to point to the navaid. When the cursor is over the navaid,
the navaid is highlighted.
2. Press SELECT to view details about the navaid.
• Range Rings—toggles the range rings on or off to provide distance
measurement.
• Lane Width—adjusts the width of the course line drawn when navigating.
This setting also affects routes (Route To), but does not affect automatic
guidance (Guide To).
• Weather Radar—turns the display of NEXRAD weather on or off. See the
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Weather Supplement for more information.
Perspective 3D Settings
To access additional settings or options from the Perspective 3D screen, select
MENU.
Waypoints & Tracks—view, add, and configure waypoints and tracks.
• Tracks—turn tracks on or off (page 27).
• Waypoints—view, sort, or filter existing waypoints, or create new ones.
• New Waypoint—create and edit a new waypoint.
• Active Tracks—manage tracks (page 27).
• Saved Tracks—view a list of tracks that have been saved.
Other Vessels—view information about other vessels. To view information
about other vessels, your unit must be connected to an external AIS (Automatic
Identification System) or DSC (Digital Selective Calling) device (page 59).
Data Bars (page 9)—show or hide the numbers for cruising, navigation,
fishing, fuel, sailing, or the compass tape (page 9).
Chart Appearance—customize the Perspective 3D chart.
14
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Using Mariner’s Eye 3D
A BlueChart g2 Vision SD card offers Mariner’s Eye 3D that provides a
detailed three-dimensional view from above and behind the boat (according
to your course), and provides a visual navigation aid. This view is helpful
when navigating tricky shoals, reefs, bridges, or channels, and is beneficial
when trying to identify entry routes and exit routes in unfamiliar harbors or
anchorages.
To view details about navaids such as beacons, lights, and
obstructions:
1. Use the Rocker to point to the navaid. When the cursor is over the navaid,
the navaid is highlighted.
2. Press SELECT to view details about the navaid.
Mariner’s Eye 3D Settings
To access additional settings or options from the Mariner’s Eye 3D screen,
press MENU.
Weather Radar—turn the display of NEXRAD weather on or off. See the
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Weather Supplement for more information.
For settings and options related to Waypoints & Tracks, Other Vessels, and
Data Bars, see “Navigation Chart Menu” on page 9.
To customize the appearance of the Mariner’s Eye 3D screen, select
MENU > Chart Appearance.
Style—Selects how chart data is displayed over 3D terrain.
• Classic—uses color schemes to indicate 3D terrain.
• Charts—provides chart information in a 3D view.
• Photos—provides satellite photo imagery in addition to chart information.
Press the Range (+) key to move the view closer to your boat and lower to
the water. Press the Range (-) key to move the view away from the boat.
The scale (
) temporarily appears at the bottom of the screen.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
15
Using Charts
Hazard Colors—Turns hazard colors on or off. The Off setting shows the
land as seen from the water. The On setting indicates shallow water and land
with a color scale. Blue indicates deep water, yellow is shallow water, and red
is very shallow water.
Lane Width—adjusts the width of the course line drawn when navigating.
This setting also affects routes (Route To), but does not affect automatic
guidance (Guide To).
• Weather Radar—turns the display of NEXRAD weather on or off. See the
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Weather Supplement for more information.
Using Fish Eye 3D
Using the depth contour lines of the BlueChart g2 Vision cartography, Fish
Eye 3D provides an underwater view of the sea floor or lake bottom. Use the
Range keys to adjust the view.
Note: You must have an “s” series unit (such as a GPSMAP 526s) and a
transducer wired through a marine network to receive sonar information.
Fish Eye 3D Settings
To access additional settings or options for the Fish Eye 3D screen, press
MENU.
View—selects a fish eye view (Fore, Aft, Port, or Starboard).
Range Rings—toggles the range rings on or off to provide distance
measurement.
Sonar Cone (only available if sonar is present)—turns a cone that shows the
area covered by your transducer on or off.
Safe Depth—adjusts the depth at which red indicates dangerous depths.
16
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Fish Symbols (only available if sonar is present)—displays suspended targets
➊. Targets are indicated by red, green, and yellow spheres. Red indicates the
largest targets and green indicates the smallest targets.
Using Fishing Charts
Use the Fishing chart for a detailed, unobstructed view of the bottom
contours on the chart. The Fishing chart uses detailed bathymetric data on a
preprogrammed BlueChart g2 Vision SD card, and is best for offshore deepsea fishing.
From the Home screen, select Charts > Fishing Chart.
➊
Tracks—turns the track log on or off.
Data Bars—show or hide cruising, navigation, fishing, fuel, or sailing
numbers (page 9).
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
To access additional settings or options from the Fishing chart, press
MENU.
Navaids—displays navigational aids, such as beacons, lights, and obstructions.
17
Using Charts
For settings and options related to Full Screen Map, Waypoints & Tracks,
Other Vessels, and Data Bars, see “Navigation Chart Menu” on page 9.
To customize the appearance of the Fishing Chart screen, select MENU >
Chart Setup (page 11).
Enabling High Resolution Satellite Imagery
You can overlay high-resolution satellite images on the land, sea, or both
portions of the Navigation chart when using a preprogrammed BlueChart g2
Vision SD card.
To enable satellite imagery:
1. While viewing the Navigation chart, press MENU.
2. Select Chart Setup > Photos.
3. Select one of the following:
• Off—standard chart information is shown on the map.
• Land Only—standard chart information is shown on water with photos
overlaying the land.
• On—photos overlay both the water and the land at a specified opacity.
The higher you set the percentage, the more the satellite photos will
cover both land and water.
Note: When enabled, the high-resolution satellite images are only present
at lower zoom levels. If you cannot see the high-resolution images in your
BlueChart g2 Vision region, either zoom in further using the Range (+) key, or
set the detail level higher (page 12).
18
Photo Overlay Off
Land Only Photo Overlay
Photo Overlay at 50%
Photo Overlay at 100%
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Viewing Aerial Photos
Preprogrammed BlueChart g2 Vision SD cards contain aerial photographs
of many landmarks, marinas, and harbors. Use these photos to help orient
yourself to your surroundings or to acquaint yourself with a marina or a harbor
prior to arrival.
To access aerial photos from the Navigation chart:
Use the Rocker to highlight an overhead ➊ or perspective ➋ camera icon
with the pointer, and select Aerial Photo or Review > Aerial Photo.
➊
➋
Note: Use the Range (-/+) keys to zoom in and out while viewing the aerial
photo on the full screen.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
19
Using Charts
Animated Tide and Current Indicators
You can view indicators for animated tide station and current direction on the
Navigation chart or the Fishing chart. To do so, information for tide station
and current direction must be available in your preloaded map or BlueChart g2
Vision region. You must also select the Animated value for the Tides/Currents
setting (page 11).
An indicator for a tide station appears on the chart as a vertical bar graph with
an arrow. A red arrow pointing downward indicates a falling tide, and a blue
arrow pointing upward indicates a rising tide. When you move the cursor over
the tide station indicator, the height of the tide at the station appears above the
station indicator.
Current direction indicators appear as arrows on the chart. The direction
of each arrow indicates the direction of the current at a specific location on
the chart. The color of the current arrow indicates the range of speed for the
current at that location. When you move the cursor over the current direction
indicator, the specific current speed at the location appears above the direction
indicator.
Direction
Indicator
20
Color
Yellow
Current Speed
Range
0 to 1 knot
Orange
1 to 2 knots
Red
2 or more knots
Detailed Road and POI Data
BlueChart g2 Vision contains detailed road and points of interest (POI) data,
which includes highly detailed coastal roads and POIs such as restaurants,
lodging, local attractions and more. For instructions on searching for, and
navigating to, these POIs, see the “Where To?” section beginning on page 22.
Using Automatic Guidance
Automatic Guidance automatically creates and suggests routes based on
available BlueChart g2 Vision chart information. See page 47 for instructions
on setting up Automatic Guidance for your boat.
If Automatic Guidance must calculate a route close to potentially dangerous
points, those points are outlined in red, and a message appears informing you
that there are potentially unsafe areas along the calculated route.
The “Where To?” section on page 22 has additional information on how to use
Automatic Guidance.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Charts
Using the Chart/Sonar Screen
Note: The Chart/Sonar screen, like the Sonar screen, is only available when
using a sonar capable unit with a transducer attached.
Use the Chart/Sonar screen to view the Navigation chart, Fishing chart,
Mariner’s Eye 3D, or Fish Eye 3D and sonar at the same time.
To view a split chart/sonar screen:
1. From the Home screen, select Chart/Sonar.
2. Select the type of chart on the split screen.
To access additional settings or options for the chart/sonar screen, press
MENU.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
21
Where To?
Where To?
Use the Where To? option on the Home screen to search for, and navigate to,
waypoints, routes, tracks, and services such as nearby fuel, repairs, and ramps.
Note: You must create waypoints and routes before you can navigate to
them.
You can navigate to a destination using one of three methods: Go To, Route
To, or Guide To.
• Go To—takes you directly to the destination.
• Route To—creates a route from your location to a destination, allowing
you to add turns to the route.
• Guide To—uses BlueChart g2 Vision chart data to suggest the best path to
your destination. You must be using a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card for this
option to appear.
Navigating to a Destination
You can search for, and navigate to, waypoints, routes, tracks, and services
such as nearby fuel, repairs, and ramps.
The chartplotter contains information about thousands of destinations offering
marine services.
NOTE: This feature may not be available in all areas.
To begin navigating:
1. From the Home screen, select Where To?.
2. Select the category to which you want to navigate.
 CAUTION
Guide To does not ensure obstacle and bottom clearance. For safety, always
resolve any discrepancies or questions before continuing navigation.
22
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Where To?
3. Select a destination.
Note: Press the right or left arrow to view additional information or to
display the location on a chart.
4. Select Navigate To.
5. Select Go To.
OR
Select Guide To when using a preprogrammed BlueChart g2 Vision card to
use Automatic Guidance.
6. Follow the colored line on the screen to the destination.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
To stop navigating:
Press MENU, and select Stop Navigating.
To search for a destination by name:
1. From the Home screen, select Where To? > Search by Name.
2. Use the Rocker to select characters and spell at least a portion of the name
of your destination.
3. Press SELECT to view the 50 nearest destinations that contain your search
criteria.
4. Select the location > Navigate To > Go To or Route To (or Guide To
when using a preprogrammed BlueChart g2 Vision card).
23
Where To?
Creating and Using Waypoints
You can store up to 3,000 waypoints with a user-defined name, symbol, depth,
water temperature, and comment for each waypoint.
To create a new waypoint:
1. From the Home screen, select Charts > Navigation Chart > MENU >
Waypoints & Tracks > New Waypoint.
OR
From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Waypoints >
Options > New Waypoint.
2. Create a waypoint using one of the following:
• Enter Coordinates—enter the grid coordinates of the new waypoint.
• Use Chart—use the Rocker to move the pointer to the location where
you want create the waypoint. Press SELECT.
• Use Current Position—Create a waypoint at your current location.
To mark your current location as a waypoint:
From any screen, press the MARK key.
• Edit Waypoint—designate a specific name, symbol, water depth, or
water temperature.
• Delete—deletes the waypoint.
• Man Overboard—designates the current location as a Man Overboard
location.
• Right or Left Arrow—switches between waypoint information and the
Navigation chart.
Note: Selecting MARK creates a waypoint only at your present location.
24
To edit an existing waypoint:
1. From the Navigation chart, use the map pointer ( ) to highlight the
waypoint on the Navigation chart.
OR
From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Waypoints.
2. Select the waypoint you want to edit.
3. Select Edit Waypoint.
4. Select the waypoint attribute you want to change (Name, Symbol, Depth,
Water Temp, Comment, or Position).
To move the waypoint on the Navigation chart:
1. Select the waypoint on the Navigation chart.
2. Select Review. (The Review button is only shown when more than one
waypoint is in the vicinity.)
3. Select the button for the waypoint you want to edit.
4. Select Move.
5. Press SELECT to save the new location, or press MENU to cancel the
move.
To view waypoint information on the Navigation chart:
1. From the Navigation chart, use the map pointer ( ) to highlight the
waypoint on the Navigation chart and press SELECT.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Where To?
2. Select an option.
• Select Review or the name of the waypoint to view details of objects in
the vicinity of the cursor. (The Review button is only shown when more
than one waypoint is in the vicinity.)
• Select Navigate To to navigate to the selected location.
• Select Create Waypoint to mark a waypoint at the cursor location.
• Select Information to view tide (page 36), current (page 36), celestial
(page 37), chart notes, or local services information near the cursor.
To measure the distance and bearing of an object from your
current location:
From the Navigation chart, use the map pointer ( ) to highlight the object
on the Navigation chart and press SELECT > Measure Distance. The
measurement information appears in the lower-right corner of the screen.
Use the Rocker to move the pointer and measure the distance to other
locations. Select MENU > Stop Measuring to remove the measuring line.
To delete a waypoint or an MOB:
1. From the Navigation chart, use the map pointer ( ) to highlight the
waypoint or the MOB on the Navigation chart.
OR
From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Waypoints.
2. Select the waypoint or the MOB you want to delete.
3. Select Review > Delete (the Review button is only shown when you have
selected a waypoint on the Navigation chart and more than one waypoint is
in the vicinity).
To view and sort or filter a list of all waypoints:
From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Waypoints
> Options. You can then sort the list by name, by symbol, or by distance
from your current location. You can also filter the list by name or symbol.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
25
Where To?
Creating and Using Routes
You can create and store up to 100 routes, with up to 250 waypoints each.
To create a route from your present location:
1. From the Navigation chart, use the map pointer ( ) to select your
destination.
2. Select Navigate To > Route To.
3. Use the map pointer ( ) to select the location at which you want to make
the last turn toward your destination.
4. Press SELECT. Repeat this step to add additional turns.
5. Press MENU to cancel, to undo the last turn, or to begin navigating the
route.
26
To save a route you are currently navigating:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Routes.
2. Select Unsaved Route > Save/Edit > Save Route.
3. Enter the route name.
To create a route in another location:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Routes > New
Route.
2. Select Use Chart or Use Waypoint List.
3. If you select Use Chart, use the map pointer ( ) to select the initial
location at which you want to start the new route. If you select Use
Waypoint List, select the first waypoint on the route.
4. Choose the location of the first turn and press SELECT. Repeat until the
route is complete.
5. Select MENU to save the route.
6. Select the route to edit the route, delete the route, or navigate to the route.
To create a route using Automatic Guidance (when using a
preprogrammed BlueChart g2 Vision card):
1. From the Navigation chart, select your destination.
2. Select Navigate To > Guide To. Your route is calculated.
NOTE: You can change the automatic guidance path to a route by selecting
the end of the path and selecting Navigate To > Route To. The automatic
guidance path stays on the screen, allowing you to trace it while creating a
route.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Where To?
To edit a route:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Routes.
2. Select the route to edit.
3. Select Edit Route. You can edit the route name or use the chart or turn list
to edit the route turns.
To turn on the track log:
From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Tracks > On. A trailing line on the chart indicates your track.
To delete a route:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Routes.
2. Select the route to delete.
3. Select Delete > OK.
To bypass a waypoint on a route:
1. Create a route as previously described.
2. Select the waypoint that follows the waypoint you are bypassing.
3. Select Navigate To > Go To (or Route To).
Using Tracks
A track is a recording of your path. The track currently being recorded is the
active track. An active track can be saved.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
To save the active track:
1. From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Active Tracks > Save Active Track.
2. Select either the time the current track began (or Midnight, if shown) or
Entire Log.
3. To name the track, change the color of the track, or save it as a route, select
Edit Track.
27
Where To?
To clear the active track:
From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Active Tracks > Clear Active Track. The track memory is
cleared. The current track continues to be recorded.
To retrace the active track:
1. From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Active Tracks > Follow Active Track.
2. Select either the time the current track began or Entire Log.
3. Follow the colored line on the screen.
To edit or delete a saved track:
1. From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Saved Tracks.
2. Select the track you want to edit or delete.
3. Select Edit Track to change the name or color of the track, or select Delete
to delete the track.
Record Interval—defines the frequency at which the track plot is recorded.
Recording more-frequent plots is more accurate but fills the track log faster.
• Interval—sets whether the interval is determined by distance, time, or
resolution. (Select Change to set the value.)
• Distance—records the track based on a distance between points.
• Time—records the track based on a time interval.
• Resolution—records the track plot based on a variance from your course.
This setting is recommended for the most-efficient use of memory. The
distance value (Change) is the maximum error allowed from the true
course before recording a track point.
• Change—sets the value of the interval.
Track Color—sets the color of the track plot.
To set active Track Options:
From the Navigation or Perspective 3D chart, select MENU > Waypoints
& Tracks > Active Track > Active Track Options.
Record Mode—select Off, Fill, or Wrap.
• Off—does not record a track log.
• Fill—records a track log until the track memory is full.
• Wrap—continuously records the track log, replacing the oldest track data
with new data.
28
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Where To?
Using BlueChart g2 Vision
NOTICE
BlueChart g2 Vision data cards are not waterproof. When you are not using the
card, keep it in the original packaging for safekeeping and store it away from
exposure to sun and rain to prevent damage to the card.
BlueChart g2 Vision data cards are susceptible to damage from static
electricity. In low-humidity environments, you should ground yourself on a
large metal object before handling the card to prevent damage to the card.
Optional BlueChart g2 Vision preprogrammed SD cards allow you to get the
most out of your unit. In addition to detailed marine charting, BlueChart g2
Vision has the following features:
• Mariner’s Eye 3D—provides a view from above and behind the boat for a
three-dimensional navigation aid. The BlueChart g2 Vision Mariner’s Eye
3D is more detailed than the preloaded data (page 15).
• Fish Eye 3D—provides an underwater 3D view that visually represents the
sea floor according to the information on the chart.
• High Resolution Satellite Imagery—provides high-resolution satellite
images for a realistic view of the land and water on the Navigation chart.
• Aerial Photos—provides a view of marinas and other navigationally
significant aerial photos to help you visualize your surroundings.
• Detailed Roads and POI data—provides a view of roads, restaurants, and
other points of interest (POIs) along the shore.
• Current Data—provides a view of current-station information
(page 36).
• Auto Guidance—uses the chart data and specified boat-safe depth to
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
determine the best course to your destination (page 47).
Note: You cannot transfer BlueChart g2 Vision data from the SD card to
your computer for backup. You can transfer BlueChart g2 Vision data from
the SD card to your computer for viewing purposes if HomePort is installed
on your PC. You can only use the SD card on BlueChart g2 Vision-compatible
Garmin GPS units and when using HomePort.
Navigating with a Garmin Autopilot
When you start any type of navigation (Go To, Route To, Guide To, or
Follow Track), if you are connected to a compatible Garmin autopilot, you are
prompted to engage the autopilot.
NOTE: Autopilot can be used only with NMEA 2000 compatible chartplotters
(GPSMAP 441/441s, GPSMAP 536/536s, GPSMAP 541/541s, and GPSMAP
546/546s).
29
Viewing Information
Viewing Information
Use the Information screen to access information about dashboard gauges,
tides, currents, user data, and other vessels.
Viewing a Compass
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Compass.
30
Viewing Numbers
You can view and customize numerical data including depth, GPS information,
and navigation information. You can customize the number of fields shown and
the type of information shown in each field. You can view up to six fields of
numerical information.
To view the Numbers screen from the Home screen, select Information >
Dashboard > Numbers.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
To customize the Numbers screen:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Numbers.
2. Press MENU and select Configure.
3. Select the number of fields to show (3, 4, 5, or 6).
4. Select information to show in each field. Select a field to view additional
information that can be shown or select Change Page and press the Range
(-/+) keys to view additional fields.
Viewing Trip Information
From the home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Trip.
To reset the trip information, maximum speed, odometer, or all values,
press MENU while viewing the trip information.
Viewing and Customizing Fuel Gauges and Engine
Gauges
Viewing Engine Gauges
You must be connected to a NMEA 2000 network capable of sensing engine
data to view engine gauges. See the GPSMAP 400/500 Series Installation
Instructions for details.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
31
Viewing Information
Cycling Through Engine Gauge Screens
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine.
2. Select the left and right arrows on the Rocker to move from one gauge
screen to the next.
Customizing Engine Gauge Limits
To establish the upper and lower limits of a gauge and the range of desired
standard operation, you can configure up to four values for the engine gauge.
When a value exceeds the range of standard operation, the gauge face or bar
becomes red.
Setting Description
Scale
This value is less than the rated minimum, and it represents
minimum the lower limit of the gauge. This setting is not available on all
gauges.
Scale
This value is greater than the rated maximum, and it
maximum represents the upper limit of the gauge. This setting is not
available on all gauges.
Rated
Represents the minimum value of the standard operating
minimum range.
Rated
Represents the maximum value of the standard operating
maximum range.
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Set Gauge Limits.
2. Select a gauge.
3. Select Gauge Limits > Custom.
4. Select the gauge limit you want to set (Scale Min, Scale Max, Rated Min,
or Rated Max).
32
NOTE: Some of these options may not be available for all gauges.
5. Select the gauge limit.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 to set additional gauge limits.
Activating Status Alarms for Engine Gauges
If you have activated gauge status alarms, when the engine sends a warning
status message over the NMEA 2000 network, a gauge status alarm message
appears. The gauge face or bar may become red depending on the alarm type.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Status Alarms > On.
Customizing Engine Gauge Status Alarms
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Status Alarms > Custom.
2. Select one or more engine gauge alarms that you want to turn on or off.
3. Select Back.
Selecting the Number of Engines Shown in Gauges
The engine gauges can show information for up to four engines.
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Engine Selection > Num. Engines.
2. Select the number of engines.
3. Select Back.
To select the engines for which information appears in the gauges, select Edit
Engines and complete steps 2 through 5 of “Selecting the Engines Shown in
Gauges” (following section).
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
Selecting the Engines Shown in Gauges
You must manually select the number of engines shown in the engine gauges
(page 32) before you can select the engines for which information appears in
the gauges.
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Engine Selection > Edit Engines.
2. Select First Engine.
3. Select the number of the engine for which you want to view information in
the first gauge or bar.
For example, if you select “3,” the first engine bar shows information for
the engine identified as “Engine3” on the NMEA 2000 network.
4. Repeat step 3 for the second, third, and fourth engine bar, as needed.
5. Select Back.
Viewing Engine Gauges
To view engine information, your chartplotter must be connected to a device
capable of measuring fuel level ➊, fuel flow ➋, or both.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine.
➊
➋
Configuring Engine Gauges
The amount of fuel on board can be represented by either the total fuel level
(numeric) or by individual tank level (graphic).
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine >
MENU > Gauge Setup > Fuel Display.
• Use Total Fuel Level—select to display a numeric value for the total
fuel level.
• Use Fuel Tank Levels > Num. Tanks—select to display a graphical
representation of all the specified tanks.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
33
Viewing Information
• Set Total Fuel Onboard—select to specify the total fuel in your tanks.
Select Done.
Viewing and Synchronizing Fuel Gauges
Viewing Fuel Gauges
To view engine information, your chartplotter must be connected to a device
capable of measuring fuel level, fuel flow, or both.
Viewing and Customizing Wind Gauges
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Wind.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Engine.
➋
➊
➌
Synchronizing Fuel Gauge Readings with Fuel Levels
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Fuel (or
Engine) > MENU.
• Fill Up All Tanks—select when your tanks are full. The fuel level is
reset to maximum capacity. Adjust if necessary.
• Add Fuel To Boat—select when you have added less than a full tank.
Enter the amount of fuel added. Select Done. An estimate of the fuel
added appears. Adjust if necessary.
34
➊
➋
➌
Wind gauge
Close hauled wind gauge
Compass
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
Selecting True, Apparent, or Ground Wind for the Wind Gauges
The chartplotter must be connected to the peripheral devices listed below to
capture the data shown on the wind speed graph.
Wind
Description
Speed
Apparent Shows wind speed data
Wind
based on the flow of air
experienced while on a
boat in motion.
True
Shows wind speed data
Wind
based on the flow of air
experienced while on a
stationary boat.
Ground Shows wind speed data
Wind
based on the flow of air
experienced while on
shore.
Required Sensors
A wind sensor.
A wind sensor and a water speed
sensor; or a wind sensor and a
GPS antenna.
A wind sensor, a water-speed
sensor, a heading sensor, and a
GPS antenna; or a wind sensor and
a GPS antenna; or a wind sensor, a
water-speed sensor, and a heading
sensor.
Configuring the Heading Source
You can specify the source of the heading displayed on the wind gauge.
Magnetic heading is the heading data received from a heading (or magnetic)
sensor, and GPS heading data is calculated by your chartplotter GPS.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Wind >
MENU > Heading Source.
Selecting the Range of the Close Hauled Wind Gauge
You can specify the range of the close hauled wind gauge for both the upwind
scale and the downwind scale.
From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Wind >
MENU.
• Select Change Upwind Scale. Set the maximum and minimum angle
values that appear when the upwind close hauled wind gauge appears.
• Select Change Downwind Scale. Set the maximum and minimum
angle values that appear when the downwind close hauled wind gauge
appears.
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Dashboard > Wind >
MENU > Wind Type.
2. Select Apparent Wind, True Wind or Ground Wind.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
35
Viewing Information
Viewing Tide-station Information
1. Select Information > Tides & Currents > Tides.
2. Select a tide station. Tide-station information is shown.
• Select Change Date > Manual to view tide information for a different
date. Select the left and right arrows on the Rocker to move the time
line.
• Select Show Report to view the Tide Prediction Report for the selected
station.
36
Viewing Current Information
Use the Current Prediction screen to view information for currents.
1. Select Information > Tides & Currents > Currents.
2. Select a current station. Current-station information is shown.
• Select Change Date > Manual to view current-station information for
a different date.
• Select Show Report to view the Current Prediction Report for the
selected station.
Note: You can select both tide-station and current-station information
directly from the Navigation chart.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
Viewing Celestial Information
Viewing User Data
The Celestial screen shows information about sunrise, sunset, moonrise,
moonset, the moon phase, and the approximate sky view location of the sun
and moon. By default, the chartplotter shows celestial information for the
present date and time.
To view user data, from the Home screen, select Information > User Data.
Waypoints—view a list of all saved waypoints (page 24).
From the Home screen, select Information > Celestial.
Tracks—view a list of saved tracks (page 27).
➊
➋
➌
➊
➍
➎
➋
➍
Overhead
Sun Position
Moon phase
Moon position
Horizon
➌
➎
Viewing Celestial Information for a Different Date
You can select a date and time for which to view celestial information, and you
can view the moon phase for the selected date and time.
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Celestial > Date.
2. Change the date to view celestial information for a different date.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Routes—view a list of saved routes (page 26).
Data Transfer—transfer waypoints, routes, and tracks to and from an SD card
or a network.
Clear User Data—erase all user waypoints, routes, and tracks.
To copy or merge MapSource data to your chartplotter:
1. With the chartplotter off, insert an SD card into your chartplotter, then
power it on to allow it to place a file on the SD card. This file provides
information to MapSource to format the data. This only needs to be done
the first time you copy or merge MapSource data to your chartplotter from
a specific SD card.
2. Check your MapSource version on the computer by clicking Help > About
MapSource. If the version is older than 6.12.2, update to the most-current
version by clicking Help > Check for Software Updates, or check the
Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com.
3. Insert the SD card into an SD card reader that is attached to the computer.
4. From within MapSource, click Transfer > Send to Device.
5. From the Send to Device window, select the drive for the SD card reader
and the types of data you want to copy to your chartplotter.
6. Click Send.
7. Insert the SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
37
Viewing Information
8. From the Home screen on your chartplotter, select Information > User
Data > Data Transfer.
9. Complete one of the following:
• Select Merge From Card to transfer data from the SD card to the
chartplotter and combine it with existing user data.
• Select Replace From Card to overwrite the data on your chartplotter.
10.Select the file name from the list. The data is transferred from the SD card
to the chartplotter.
To copy or merge HomePort data to your chartplotter:
1. Insert an SD card into an SD card reader that is attached to the computer.
2. From within HomePort, click the folders or items you want to transfer.
3. Click File > Send to.
• Click Send to [Folder Name] to export all items in the selected folder.
• Click Send to Selection to export only the selected items.
4. Browse to the location on the SD card where you want to save the file,
select a file format, and type a file name.
5. Insert the SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
6. From the Home screen on your chartplotter, select Information > User
Data > Data Transfer.
38
7. Complete one of the following:
• Select Card > Merge From Card to transfer data from the SD card to
the chartplotter and combine it with existing user data.
• Select Card > Replace From Card to overwrite the data on your
chartplotter.
8. Select the file name from the list. The data is transferred from the SD card
to the chartplotter.
To transfer data (waypoints, routes, tracks) to an SD card:
1. Insert an SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
2. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Data Transfer
> Save To Card.
3. Complete one of the following:
• Select the file name from the list.
• Select Add New File to create a new file. Enter the file name using the
Rocker, and select Done.
4. Select Yes to save waypoints, routes, and tracks to the SD card. The file
name is saved with an .ADM extension.
To transfer data (waypoints, routes, tracks) from an SD card:
1. Insert an SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
2. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Data Transfer.
NOTE: If your unit is NMEA 2000 compatible, select Card instead of
Data Transfer.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
3. Complete one of the following:
• Select Merge From Card to transfer data from the SD card to the
chartplotter and combine it with existing user data.
• Select Replace From Card to overwrite items on your chartplotter.
4. Select the file name from the list. The data is transferred from the SD card
to the chartplotter.
To copy the built-in maps to an SD card:
1. Insert an SD card (at least 4 GB) into the SD card slot on the front of the
unit.
2. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Data Transfer
> Copy Built-In Map to copy the maps loaded onto your chartplotter to
the SD card.
To transfer data to or from a NMEA 2000 network:
1. Connect the unit to a NMEA 2000 network. Refer to the GPSMAP 400/500
Installation Instructions.
Only the following units are NMEA 2000 compatible:
• GPSMAP 441/441s
• GPSMAP 536/536s
• GPSMAP 541/541s
• GPSMAP 546/546s
2. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Data Transfer
> Network.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
3. Complete one of the following:
• Select Clone User Data to transfer waypoints, routes, and tracks
to other chartplotters connected to the network. Existing data is
overwritten on those chartplotters.
• Select Merge User Data to transfer data between all the chartplotters
connected to the network. Unique data is combined with existing data
on every chartplotter.
To back up data to a computer:
1. Insert an SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
2. From the Home screen, select Information > User Data > Data Transfer
> Save To Card.
3. Complete one of the following:
• Select the file name from the list.
• Select Add New File to create a new file. Enter the file name using the
Rocker, and press SELECT.
4. Remove the SD card from the unit, and insert it into an SD card reader
attached to a computer.
5. From Windows® Explorer, open the Garmin\UserData folder on the SD
card.
6. Copy the appropriate .ADM file on the card, and paste it to any location on
the computer.
39
Viewing Information
To restore backup data to your chartplotter:
1. Copy the appropriate .ADM file from the computer to an SD card in the
Garmin\UserData folder.
2. Insert the SD card into your chartplotter.
3. From the Home screen on your chartplotter, select Information > User
Data > Data Transfer > Replace From Card.
To delete all waypoints, routes, and tracks:
1. From the Home screen on your chartplotter, select Information > User
Data > Clear User Data.
2. Select Waypoints, Routes, Saved Tracks, or All.
3. Select OK to delete the data.
Viewing Other Vessels
To view information about other boats from the Home screen, select
Information > Other Vessels.
Note: To view information about other boats, your unit must be
connected to an external AIS (Automatic Identification System) or DSC
(Digital Selective Calling) device. See page 59 for more information.
AIS List—view information about all of the boats your unit is monitoring. See
page 45.
Select Options > Delete All to delete all the calls from the list.
To add a DSC contact:
1. Select Add Contact.
2. Use the Rocker to enter the MMSI number of the vessel.
3. Use the Rocker to enter the name of the vessel.
Automatic Identification System
The Automatic Identification System (AIS) enables you to identify and track
other vessels.
About AIS
AIS alerts you to area traffic. When connected to an external AIS device, the
chartplotter can show some AIS information about other vessels that are within
range, that are equipped with a transponder, and that are actively transmitting
AIS information. The information reported for each vessel includes the
Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI), the location, the GPS speed, the
GPS heading, the time that has elapsed since the last position of the vessel was
reported, the nearest approach, and the time to the nearest approach.
DSC List—view the 100 most-recent calls. The DSC List shows the mostrecent call from a boat. If a second call is received from the same boat, it
replaces the first call in the list.
Select Options to sort calls by name, type, MMSI, distance from your boat,
or the time the call was received.
40
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
AIS Targeting Symbols
Symbol
Description
AIS vessel. The vessel is reporting AIS information. The
direction in which the triangle is pointing indicates the
direction in which the AIS vessel is moving.
Target is selected.
About AIS Search and Rescue Transmitters
AIS Search and Rescue Transmitters (AIS-SART, or SART) are self-contained
devices that transmit emergency position reports when activated. SART
transmissions are different than standard AIS transmissions, so they look
different than standard AIS symbols on the chartplotter. Instead of tracking a
SART transmission for collision avoidance, you track a SART transmission to
locate and assist a vessel.
Navigating to a SART Transmission
When you receive a SART transmission, a distress signal alarm appears.
Select Review > Go To to begin navigation to the SART transmission.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Target is activated. The target appears larger on the
chart. A green line attached to the target indicates the
heading of the target. The MMSI, speed, and direction of
the vessel appear beneath the target, if the details setting
is set to Show (page 43). If the AIS transmission from the
vessel is lost, a message banner appears.
Target is lost. A green X indicates that the AIS
transmission from the vessel is lost, and the chartplotter
displays a message banner asking whether the vessel
should continue to be tracked. If you discontinue vessel
tracking, the lost target symbol disappears from the chart
or the 3D chart view.
Dangerous target in range. The target flashes while an
alarm sounds and a message banner appears. After the
alarm is acknowledged, a solid red triangle with a red line
attached to it indicates the location and the heading of
the target. If the safe-zone collision alarm is set to Off,
the target flashes, but the audible alarm does not sound
and the alarm banner does not appear (page 44). If the
AIS transmission from the vessel is lost, a message
banner appears.
41
Viewing Information
The location of this symbol indicates the closest point
of approach to a dangerous target, and the numbers
near the symbol indicate the time to the closest point of
approach to that target.
Dangerous target is lost. A red X indicates that the AIS
transmission from the vessel is lost, and the chartplotter
displays a message banner asking whether the vessel
should continue to be tracked. If you discontinue vessel
tracking, the lost dangerous target symbol disappears
from the chart or the 3D chart view.
AIS-SART transmission. You can select this symbol to
see more information about the SART transmission and
begin navigation.
AIS-SART transmission lost.
AIS-SART transmission test. This symbol appears when
a vessel initiates a test of their SART device, and does
not represent a true emergency. You can disable these
test symbols and alerts (page 43)
AIS-SART transmission test lost.
Heading and Projected Course of Activated AIS Targets
When course over ground and heading information are provided by an
activated AIS target, the heading of the target appears on a chart as a solid
line attached to the AIS target symbol. A heading line does not appear on a 3D
chart view.
The projected course of an activated AIS target appears as a dashed line on
a chart or a 3D chart view. The length of the projected course line is based
on the value of the projected heading setting (page 43). If an activated AIS
target is not transmitting speed information, or if the vessel is not moving, a
projected course line does not appear. Changes in the speed, the course over
ground, or the rate-of-turn information transmitted by the vessel can impact the
calculation of the projected course line.
When course over ground, heading, and rate-of-turn information are provided
by an activated AIS target, the projected course of the target is calculated based
on the course over ground and the rate-of-turn information. The direction in
which the target is turning, which is also based on the rate-of-turn information,
is indicated by the direction of the barb at the end of the heading line. The
length of the barb does not change.
➊
➋
➌
➍
42
➎
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
➊
➋
➌
➍
➎
From the Home screen, select Configure > Other Vessels > AIS SART
Test.
Activated dangerous target
Projected course
MMSI
Heading
Direction of turn
Showing AIS Vessels on a Chart or on a 3D Chart View
AIS requires the use of an external AIS device and active transponder signals
from other vessels.
When course over ground and heading information are provided by an
activated AIS target, but rate-of-turn information is not provided, the projected
course of the target is calculated based on the course over ground information.
➊ Activated target
➊
➋
➍
➋ Projected course
➌ MMSI
➍ Heading
➌
Turning Off AIS Reception
AIS signal reception is turned on by default.
From the Home screen, select Configure > Other Vessels > AIS > Off.
All AIS functionality on all charts and on all 3D chart views is disabled.
This includes AIS vessel targeting and tracking, collision alarms that result
from AIS vessel targeting and tracking, and information about AIS vessels.
Enabling AIS-SART Transmission Test Alerts
In order to avoid a large number of test alerts and symbols in crowded areas
such as marinas, AIS-SART test alerts ignored by default. To test an AIS SART
device, you must enable the chartplotter to receive test alerts.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
You can configure how other vessels appear on a chart or on a 3D chart view.
The display range configured for one chart or one 3D chart view is applied
only to that chart or to that 3D chart view. The details, projected heading, and
trails settings configured for one chart or one 3D chart view are applied to all
charts and to all 3D chart views.
Note: Mariner’s Eye 3D charts are available only if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card. Fishing charts are available if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card or if your built-in map supports Fishing charts.
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Select MENU > Other Vessels > Display Setup.
• Display Range—indicates the distance from your location within
which AIS vessels appear. Select a distance or select Show All.
• Details—shows or hides details about AIS-activated vessels.
• Proj. Heading—allows you to enter the projected heading time for
AIS-activated vessels.
• Trails—shows the tracks of AIS vessels. Select the length of the track
that appears using a trail.
43
Viewing Information
Activating a Target for an AIS Vessel
Deactivating a Target for an AIS Vessel
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Use the Rocker to select an AIS vessel. Press SELECT.
4. Select AIS Vessel > Activate Target.
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Use the Rocker to select an AIS vessel. Press SELECT.
4. Select AIS Vessel > Deactivate.
Viewing Information about a Targeted AIS Vessel
Setting the Safe-zone Collision Alarm
Note: Mariner’s Eye 3D charts are available only if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card. Fishing charts are available if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card or if your built-in map supports Fishing charts.
You can view the AIS signal status, MMSI, GPS speed, GPS heading, and
other information that is reported about a targeted AIS vessel.
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Use the Rocker to select an AIS vessel. Press SELECT.
4. Select AIS Vessel.
44
Note: Mariner’s Eye 3D charts are available only if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card. Fishing charts are available if you use a
BlueChart g2 Vision SD card or if your built-in map supports Fishing charts.
The safe-zone collision alarm is used only with AIS. The safe zone is used
for collision avoidance, and can be customized. All safe-zone collision alarm
settings are applied to all charts and to all 3D chart views.
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Select MENU > Other Vessels > AIS Alarm > On.
A message banner appears and an alarm sounds when an AIS-activated
vessel enters the safe-zone ring around your boat. The object is also labeled
as dangerous on the screen. The Off setting disables the message banner
and the audible alarm, but the object is still labeled as dangerous on the
screen.
4. Select Range to set the measured radius of the safe-zone ring to a specified
distance from 500 ft. to 2.0 nm (or from 150 m to 3.0 km, or from 500 ft. to
2.0 mi.).
5. Select a distance.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Viewing Information
6. Select Time To to sound an alarm if AIS determines that a target will
intersect the safe zone within the defined time interval (ranging from 1 to
24 minutes).
7. Select a time.
Viewing a List of AIS Targets
Note: Mariner’s Eye 3D charts and Fish Eye 3D charts are available only if
you use a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card. Fishing charts are available if you use
a BlueChart g2 Vision SD card or if your built-in map supports Fishing charts.
The AIS target list shows information about all of the boats your unit is
monitoring. The AIS list shows the MMSIs or (if the boat is broadcasting it)
names of the AIS boats and is sorted by range. The boat nearest to your boat
appears at the top of the list.
1. From the Home screen, select Charts.
2. Select Navigation Chart, Fishing Chart, Perspective 3D, or Mariner’s
Eye 3D.
3. Select MENU > Other Vessels > AIS List.
Making a Call to an AIS Target
See “Calling an AIS Target” (page 62).
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
45
Configuring the Chartplotter
Configuring the Chartplotter
Use the Configure screen to configure unit settings.
Configuring System Settings
To change general system settings from the Home screen, select Configure
> System.
Simulator—turn Simulator mode on or off. Select Setup to set simulator
options, such as simulated position, speed, and direction.
Beeper/Display—select Beeper to set when the unit makes audible sounds.
Select Display > Backlight to brighten or darken the backlight. Select Display
> Color Mode to switch between Day mode and Night mode (page 4).
Auto Power—turn Auto Power On or Off. When On is selected, the
chartplotter will automatically turn on whenever power is applied, unless the
chartplotter is turned off with the Power Key before power is lost.
• GPS—view GPS satellites.
• Skyview—view the GPS satellite constellation.
• WAAS/EGNOS—toggle WAAS (in North America) or EGNOS (in
Europe) on or off. WAAS/EGNOS can provide more-accurate GPS position
information. However, when using WAAS or EGNOS, the device takes
longer to acquire satellites.
• Speed Filter—select On, Off, or Auto. The speed filter averages the speed
of your boat over a short period of time for smoother speed values.
46
• System Information—view system information and reset factory settings
(page 6). The Garmin Devices > Save to Card option is provided as a
troubleshooting tool. A Garmin Product Support representative may ask
you to use this feature to retrieve data about your chartplotter.
Event Log—displays a list of system events. Select an event to view additional
information.
Configuring Units of Measure
To change units of measure from the Home screen, select Configure >
Preferences > Units.
System Units—a global setting that defines individual units of measure at
the same time: Statute (mh, ft, ºF), Metric (kh, m, ºC), Nautical (kt, ft, ºF),
or Custom. Select Custom to individually define units of measure for depth,
temperature, distance, speed, elevation, volume, and pressure.
Note: You must be receiving NMEA sonar depth data or have a built-in
sonar with a temperature-capable transducer to view depth and water
temperature information.
Heading—sets the reference used in calculating heading information.
• Auto Magnetic—automatically sets the magnetic declination for your
location.
• True—sets true north as the heading reference.
• Grid—sets grid north as the heading reference (000º).
• User Magnetic—allows you to set the magnetic variation value.
Position Format—change the coordinate style in which a given location
reading appears. Do not change the position format unless you are using a map
or chart that specifies a different position format.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Configuring the Chartplotter
Map Datum—change the coordinate system in which the map is structured.
Do not change the map datum unless you are using a map or chart that
specifies a different map datum.
Time—set the time options.
• Time Format—select 12-hour, 24-hour, or UTC time format.
• Time Zone—set the time zone you want displayed for time readings. If
Auto is selected for the Time Zone, the DST option is not available and is
automatically set to Auto.
• DST (Daylight Saving Time)—select Off, On, or Auto. The auto setting
automatically turns daylight saving time on or off, depending on the time
of year.
• Baro. Ref. Time—specify the reference time (from 30 minutes to 24
hours) used to calculate the barometric pressure trend. The trend is
displayed on the wind gauge when ground wind is selected (page 35) or on
the Cruising data bar (page 9).
Changing the System Language
To change the system language, from the Home screen, select Configure >
Preferences > Language. Select the language.
Configuring Navigation Preferences
To change navigation preferences, from the Home screen, select Configure
> Preferences > Navigation.
Route Labels—for saved routes, this determines whether route turns are
indicated by number (Turn 1, Turn 2, and so on) or by waypoint name, or
whether the description of turns is hidden.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Turn Transition—set how much time or how far before a turn in a route that
you transition to the next leg.
Speed Sources—specify the sensor used for wind numbers and fuel economy.
Select Wind or Fuel Economy to toggle between water (from a water-speed
sensor) and GPS (from the calculated GPS speed).
Auto Guidance—set the automatic guidance parameters:
• Safe Depth—set the minimum depth (chart depth datum) to allow when
calculating an automatic guidance path. A safe depth of less than one meter
is not allowed when using automatic guidance.
• Safe Height—set the minimum height (chart height datum) of a bridge that
your boat can safely travel under.
• Shoreline Distance—set the safe distance for your boat from the shore:
Nearest, Near, Normal, Far, or Farthest.
Shoreline Distance Auto Guidance Setting
The Shoreline Distance setting indicates how close to the shore you want the
auto-guidance line to be placed. The auto-guidance line may move if you
change this setting while navigating.
The available values for the Shoreline Distance setting (Nearest, Near,
Normal, Far, or Farthest) are relative, not absolute. To ensure that the autoguidance line is placed an appropriate distance from shore, you can assess the
placement of the auto-guidance line using one or more familiar destinations
that require navigation through a narrow waterway.
47
Configuring the Chartplotter
To set the distance from shore:
1. Dock your boat or drop anchor.
2. From the Home screen, select Configure > Preferences > Navigation >
Auto Guidance > Shoreline Dist. > Normal.
3. From Home screen, select Where To? > Waypoints.
4. Select a waypoint for a destination that you have navigated to previously.
5. Select Navigate To > Guide To.
6. Review the placement of the Auto Guidance line. Determine whether the
line safely avoids known obstacles, and whether the turns enable efficient
travel.
7. Complete an action:
• If the placement of the Auto Guidance line is satisfactory, select MENU
> Navigation Options > Stop Navigation. Proceed to step 11.
• If the Auto Guidance line is too close to known obstacles, from the
Home screen, select Configure > Preferences > Navigation > Auto
Guidance > Shoreline Distance > Far.
• If the turns in the Auto Guidance line are too wide, from the Home
screen, select Configure > Preferences > Navigation > Auto
Guidance > Shoreline Distance > Near.
8. If you selected Near or Far in step 7, review the placement of the Auto
Guidance line. Determine whether the line safely avoids known obstacles,
and whether the turns enable efficient travel.
48
9. Complete an action:
• If the placement of the Auto Guidance line is satisfactory, select MENU
> Navigation Options > Stop Navigation. Proceed to step 11.
• If the Auto Guidance line is too close to known obstacles, from the
Home screen, select Configure > Preferences > Navigation > Auto
Guidance > Shoreline Distance > Farthest.
• If the turns in the Auto Guidance line are too wide, from the Home
screen, select Configure > Preferences > Navigation > Auto
Guidance > Shoreline Distance > Nearest.
10.If you selected Nearest or Farthest in step 9, review the placement of
the Auto Guidance line. Determine whether the line safely avoids known
obstacles, and whether the turns enable efficient travel.
11.Repeat steps 1-10 at least once more, using a different destination each
time, until you are familiar with the functionality of the Shoreline Distance
setting.
Configuring Communications Settings
To change the communications settings from the Home screen, select
Configure > Communications.
Serial Port 1—configures the input/output format for serial port 1 to use when
connecting your chartplotter to external NMEA devices, a computer, or other
Garmin devices.
• Garmin Data Transfer—supports the input or output of Garminproprietary data for communicating with Garmin software.
• NMEA Standard—supports the input or output of standard NMEA 0183
data, DSC, and sonar NMEA input support for the DPT, MTW, and VHW
sentences.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Configuring the Chartplotter
• NMEA High Speed—supports the input or output of standard 0183 data
for most AIS receivers.
Serial Port 2 (if supported)—configures the input/output format for serial
port 2 to use when connecting your chartplotter to external NMEA devices, a
computer, or other Garmin devices.
NMEA 0183 Setup—enable or disable NMEA 0183 output sentences for
sounder, route, system, and Garmin NMEA settings.
To enable or disable NMEA 0183 output sentences:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Communications > NMEA
0183 Setup.
2. Select a setting (Sounder, Route, System, or Garmin).
3. Select the NMEA 0183 output sentence to toggle the output on or off.
• Posn. Precision—adjust the number of digits (Two Digits, Three Digits,
or Four Digits) to the right of the decimal point for transmission of NMEA
output.
• Waypoint IDs—determine how the unit identifies waypoint identifiers
(Names or Numbers).
• Defaults—resets all NMEA 0183 sentences to the default setting.
NMEA 2000 Setup
NOTE: The GPSMAP 431/431s and GPSMAP 531/531s are not NMEA 2000
compatible.
• Device List—lists the NMEA 2000 devices on your network. If a NMEA
2000 device has configuration options or settings, select the device for a list
of options.
• Label Devices—allows you to name your engines and tanks so that you
can better identify their location on the boat.
To label engines as numbers:
From the Home screen, select Configure > Communications > NMEA
2000 Setup > Label Devices > Change Engine Labels > Use Numbers.
To label engines as names:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Communications > NMEA
2000 Setup > Label Devices > Change Engine Labels > Label Type >
Choose Names.
2. Select the engine you want to name.
3. Select the location of the engine: Port (P), Center (C), Starboard (S),
Fore (F), or Aft (A).
4. Select the label you want to use for the engine.
To label tanks as numbers:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Communications > NMEA
2000 Setup > Label Devices > Change Tank Labels.
2. Select the type of tank you want to label.
3. Select Use Numbers.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
49
Configuring the Chartplotter
To label tanks as names:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Communications > NMEA
2000 Setup > Label Devices > Change Tank Labels.
2. Select the type of tank you want to label.
3. Select Choose Names.
4. Select a tank.
3. Select the location of the tank: Port (P), Center (C), Starboard (S), Fore
(F), or Aft (A).
4. Select the label you want to use for the tank.
Setting Alarms
You can set the unit to sound an audible alarm when certain conditions are met.
By default, all alarms are turned off.
To set an alarm:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Alarms.
2. Select an alarm category.
3. Select an alarm.
4. Select On to turn on the alarm.
5. Specify alarm information.
Setting Navigation Alarms
To set a navigation alarm from the Home screen, select Configure >
Alarms > Navigation.
Arrival—set an alarm to sound when you are within a specified distance or
time from a turn or a destination waypoint.
50
• Type—select whether you want arrival alarms to sound only when nearing
destinations or when nearing either turns or destinations. Select Off to
disable arrival alarms.
• Activation—select whether the arrival alarm triggers on time to arrival or
distance to arrival.
• Change Time/Change Distance—if you have Activation set to Time,
select Change Time to set the number of minutes before arrival that the
alarm should sound. If you have Activation set to Distance, select Change
Distance to set the distance before arrival that the alarm should sound. Use
the Rocker to change the time or distance.
Anchor Drag—set an alarm to sound when you exceed a specified drift
distance.
Off Course—set an alarm to sound when you are off course by a specified
distance.
Setting System Alarms
To set a system alarm from the Home screen, select Configure > Alarms
> System.
Clock—set an alarm using the system (GPS) clock. The unit must be on for
the clock alarm to work.
Battery—set an alarm to sound when the battery reaches a specified low
voltage.
GPS Accuracy—set an alarm to sound when the GPS location accuracy falls
outside the specified value.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Configuring the Chartplotter
Setting Sonar Alarms
To set a sonar alarm from the Home screen, select Configure > Alarms >
Sonar.
Note: You must be receiving NMEA sonar depth data or have a built-in sonar
with a temperature-capable transducer to view depth and water temperature
information.
To enable the Total Fuel Onboard alarm and set the fuel alarm
level:
1. From the Home screen, select Configure > Alarms > Fuel > Total
Onboard > On (or Off).
2. If you select On, use the Rocker to indicate the fuel level at which the
alarm should sound.
Shallow Water—set an alarm to sound when the depth is less than the
specified value.
Configuring My Boat
Deep Water—set an alarm to sound when the depth is greater than the
specified value.
Water Temp—set an alarm to sound when the transducer reports a
temperature that is 2°F (1.1°C) above or below the specified temperature.
Fish—set an alarm to sound when the unit detects a suspended target of the
specified symbols.
To configure settings for your boat, from the Home screen, select
Configure > My Boat.
Keel Offset—offset the surface reading for the depth of a keel, making it
possible to measure depth from the bottom of the keel instead of from the
transducer location. Enter a positive number to offset for a keel. Enter a
negative number to compensate for a large vessel that may draw several feet of
water.
—sounds an alarm for all fish sizes.
—sounds an alarm for medium and large fish only.
—sounds an alarm for large fish only.
Setting the Total Fuel Onboard Alarm
You can configure your chartplotter to sound an alarm when the total amount
of remaining onboard fuel reaches the specified level.
Note: To receive fuel-level information, your unit must be connected to an
external fuel sensor, such as the Garmin GFS 10.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
51
Configuring the Chartplotter
To adjust the Keel Offset:
1. If the transducer is installed at the water line ➊, measure the distance from
the transducer location to the keel of the boat. Enter this value in step 3 as a
positive number.
If the transducer is installed at the bottom of the keel ➋, measure the
distance from the transducer to the water line. Enter this value in step 3 as a
negative number.
➊
➋
2. From the Home screen, select Configure > My Boat > Keel Offset.
3. Enter the distance measured in step 1. Ensure that you enter a positive or a
negative number based on the location of the transducer.
4. Select Done to accept the number.
Temp Offset—set the temperature offset for the temperature sensor of your
transducer.
Setting the Water Temperature Offset
You must have a NMEA 0183 water-temperature sensor, a Garmin Intelliducer,
or a temperature-capable transducer to measure water temperature.
The temperature offset compensates for the temperature reading from a
temperature sensor.
2. Measure the water temperature using a different temperature sensor or a
thermometer that is known to be accurate.
3. Subtract the water temperature measured in step 1 from the water
temperature measured in step 2.
This is the temperature offset. Enter this value in step 5 as a positive
number if the sensor connected to the chartplotter measures the water
temperature as being colder than it actually is. Enter this value in step 5 as
a negative number if the sensor connected to the chartplotter measures the
water temperature as being warmer than it actually is.
4. From the Home screen, select Configure > My Boat > Temp Offset.
5. Enter the temperature offset calculated in step 3.
6. Select Done.
Calibrate Water Speed—use this menu to calibrate a speed-sensing device.
Follow the on-screen directions for calibration. If you do not have a speedsensing device, this menu does not appear.
Note: If the boat is not moving fast enough or the speed sensor is not
registering a speed, a “Speed Too Low” message appears. Select OK, and
safely increase the speed of the boat. If you get the message again, stop the
boat and make sure the speed-sensor wheel is not stuck. If the wheel turns
freely, check the cable connections. If you continue to get the message, contact
Garmin Product Support.
Fuel Capacity—enter the combined fuel capacity of all the engines on your
boat.
1. Measure the water temperature using the temperature sensor or
temperature-capable transducer that is connected to the chartplotter.
52
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Configuring the Chartplotter
Configuring Other Vessels
To configure settings for boats other than your own, from the Home screen,
select Configure > Other Vessels.
NOTE: To configure AIS or DSC information for other boats, your unit must
be connected to an external AIS or DSC device.
AIS—turn AIS (Automatic Identification System) on or off. AIS alerts you to
area traffic by providing boat IDs, position, course, and speed for boats that are
within range and equipped with a transponder.
DSC—turn DSC (Digital Selective Calling) on or off.
AIS Alarm—create a safe zone around your boat for collision avoidance. The
zone can be customized.
To customize safe-zone settings:
From the Home screen, select Configure > Other Vessels > AIS Alarm.
• Range—change the measured radius of the safe-zone ring to a specified
distance from 500 ft. to 2.0 nm (or from 150 m to 3.0 km, or from 500
ft. to 2.0 mi).
• Time to (Safe Zone)—sounds an alarm if AIS or MARPA determines
that a target will intersect the safe zone within the defined time interval
(from 1 to 24 minutes).
• AIS Alarm—when On is selected, a message is displayed (“AIS:
Dangerous Target”) when a vessel enters the safe zone. When Off is
selected, the message will not be displayed.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
53
Using Sonar
Using Sonar
Understanding the Flasher Screen
When connected to a transducer, the following chartplotters can be used as
fishfinders:
GPSMAP 431s
GPSMAP 531s
GPSMAP 541s
GPSMAP 441s
GPSMAP 536s
GPSMAP 546s
Understanding the Full Screen
Select the Full Screen option to view a full-screen graph of the transducer’s
sonar readings.
(GPSMAP 431s/531s/536s only) Use the Flasher screen to display sonar
information on a circular depth scale ➊. The scale indicates what is beneath
your boat. It is organized as a ring that starts at the top and progresses
clockwise. Sonar information flashes on the ring when it is received at the
depth indicated. The colors indicate different strengths of the sonar return.
(When using the white default color scheme, red indicates the strongest return,
blue indicates the weakest return, and white indicates no return.)
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Flasher.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Full Screen.
➊
➋
➌
➊
➋
➌
➍
➎
➍
➏
Depth
Temperature
Speed
Suspended targets
Range
Transducer frequency
➊
➎
➏
54
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Sonar
Understanding the Split Frequency Screen
Use the Split Frequency screen (dual-frequency transducer only) to view both
the 50 kHz ➊ and the 200 kHz ➋ frequencies on the same screen. A 50 kHz
frequency graph appears on the left. A 200 kHz frequency graph appears on the
right.
Understanding The Split Zoom Screen
Use the Split Zoom screen to view the full sonar data from the graph and a
zoomed in portion on the same screen.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Split Zoom.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Split Frequency.
➊
➋
➌
➍
➊
➊
➋
➋
➌
➍
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Zoomed depth scale
Zoom window
Range
Zoom level and transducer frequency
55
Using Sonar
Understanding the Depth Log Screen
The Depth Log screen keeps a graphic log of temperature readings over time.
The present depth is shown in the top-left corner.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Temp Log.
Press MENU to set the duration and the scale for the log.
Understanding the Temp Log Screen
If you are using a temperature-capable transducer, the Temp Log screen keeps
a graphic log of temperature readings over time. The current temperature and
the depth are shown in the top-left corner.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Temp Log.
Press MENU to set the duration and the scale for the log.
➊
➊
➋
➋
➌
➊
➋
➌
Depth
Depth range
Time elapsed
The depth appears along the right side, and the time elapsed appears along the
bottom. The graph scrolls to the left as information is received.
56
➌
Temperature and depth
➋ Temperature range
➌ Time elapsed
➊
The temperature appears along the right side, and the time elapsed appears
along the bottom. The graph scrolls to the left as information is received.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Using Sonar
Setting Up Sonar
Use the Sonar Setup screen to define and adjust settings universal to all sonar
screens.
From the Home screen, select Sonar > Sonar Setup.
Scroll Speed—adjust the rate at which the sonar scrolls from right to left
(Ultrascroll™, Fast, Medium, or Slow). If using a speed-capable transducer,
select Auto to have the scroll speed automatically adjust to the water speed of
your boat.
Surface Noise—show or hide the sonar returns near the surface of the water.
Hide surface noise to help reduce clutter.
Depth Line—quickly reference a specific depth (Show or Hide). To set the
depth of the reference line, select Show, and then press up or down on the
Rocker.
A-Scope—display a vertical flasher along the right side of the screen.
Data Bars—show or hide depth, water temperature, water speed (if your
transducer is capable), battery voltage, cruising, navigation, and the compass
tape (page 9).
Note: To display water temperature or water speed, the connected transducer
must be capable of measuring water temperature, water speed, or both. Select
Auto to display the values.
Appearance—customize the display of fish symbols, whiteline, and the sonar
color scheme.
• Fish Symbols—set how the sonar interprets suspended targets.
to show suspended targets as symbols with background sonar
Select
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
information.
to show suspended targets as symbols with background sonar
Select
information and target depth information.
Select
to show suspended targets as symbols.
Select
to show suspended targets as symbols with target depth
information.
• Whiteline—highlights the strongest signal from the bottom to help identify
the hardness or softness.
◦◦ Off (default)—turns off whiteline.
◦◦ High—the most-sensitive setting. Almost all strong returns are
highlighted in white.
◦◦ Medium—many strong returns are highlighted in white.
◦◦ Low—the least-sensitive setting. Only the strongest returns are
highlighted in white.
Color Scheme—select White or Blue. This affects the background on all
sonar screens, but does not change the Temp Log or the Depth Log screen.
Advanced Sonar Settings
To adjust advanced sonar settings, press MENU while viewing a sonar screen.
Pause Sonar—Stops the scrolling of the sonar screen.
To mark a waypoint at a selected depth:
1. While viewing a sonar screen, press MENU > Pause Sonar.
2. Use the Rocker to position the pointer over the fish or structure you want
to mark.
57
Using Sonar
3. Press Select.
From the paused screen, press MENU > Resume Sonar to continue
scrolling.
Range—adjust the range of the depth scale on the right side of the screen
(Auto, or to adjust manually, Manual Range).
Gain—controls the sensitivity of the sonar receiver (Auto, or to adjust
manually, Manual). To see more detail, increase the gain. If the screen is
cluttered, decrease the gain.
Noise Reject (available only when Gain is set to Manual)—reduces on-screen
visual clutter (usually from electrical sources) on the screen. Select the top
slider bar to manually adjust the value of noise rejection. Manually adjusting
the amount of noise that is rejected helps fine-tune the sonar to show the most
detail with the least noise.
When Frequency is set to Dual (and Gain is set to Manual), you can
individually adjust noise rejection for each frequency.
Frequency—when using a dual frequency transducer, select how the
frequencies appear on-screen (200kHz, 50kHz, Dual, or Auto).
Zoom—zoom in to a section of the full screen. The zoom is off, or set to No
Zoom by default. Four options are available:
No Zoom—turns zooming off.
Auto 2x Zoom—twice the magnification.
Auto 4x Zoom—four times the magnification.
Manual Zoom—set the depth range of the magnified area manually. Select
Depth and then use the Rocker > Select to set the depth range of the
magnified area. Select Level and then use the Rocker > Select to increase
or decrease the magnification of the magnified area.
• Bottom Lock—locks the zoom window to the bottom.
• Split Zoom—displays the Split Zoom screen (page 55).
•
•
•
•
58
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
Using the Chartplotter with a VHF Radio
The following table indicates the features that are available when you connect your chartplotter to a VHF radio over a NMEA 0183 network or a NMEA 2000
network.
Feature
NMEA 0183 VHF
Radio
NMEA 2000 VHF
Radio
Garmin NMEA
0183 VHF Radio
Garmin NMEA
2000 VHF Radio
The chartplotter can transfer your GPS position to your radio. If your radio
is capable, GPS position information is transmitted with DSC calls.
X
X
X
X
The chartplotter can receive DSC distress and position information from
the radio.
X
X
X
X
The chartplotter can track the positions of vessels sending position
reports.
X
X
X
X
Quickly set up and send individual routine call details to your Garmin VHF
radio.
X
When you initiate a man-overboard distress call from your radio, the
chartplotter displays the man-overboard screen and prompts you to
navigate to the man-overboard point.
X
When you initiate a man-overboard distress call from your chartplotter, the
radio displays the Distress Call page to initiate a man-overboard distress
call.
X
To turn DSC on or off:
1. Select Configure > Other Vessels.
2. Select DSC to toggle it on or off.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
59
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
Adding a DSC Contact
You can make calls to a DSC contact from the chartplotter. See
page 62 for information on making an individual routine call.
1. While viewing a chart, press MENU > Other Vessels > DSC > DSC List
> Add Contact.
2. Use the Rocker to enter the Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)
number of the vessel, and press SELECT.
3. Use the on-screen keyboard to enter the name of the vessel, and select
Done.
Viewing the DSC List
The DSC list is a log of the most-recent DSC calls and other DSC contacts you
have entered. The DSC list can contain up to 100 entries. The DSC list shows
the most-recent call from a boat. If a second call is received from the same
boat, it replaces the first call in the call list.
From a chart screen, press MENU > Other Vessels > DSC > DSC List.
Receiving Distress Calls
If your Garmin chartplotter and VHF radio are connected via NMEA 0183
or NMEA 2000, your chartplotter alerts you when your VHF radio receives a
DSC distress call. If position information was sent with the distress call, that
information is also available and recorded with the call.
When you receive a DSC distress call:
1. Select Review to view details about the call.
2. Complete one of the following:
• Select Call with Radio to set up an individual routine call with
the radio to call the vessel in distress (page 62). This option is only
available if you are using a Garmin NMEA 2000-compatible VHF
radio.
• Select Edit to edit the vessel name and add a comment. If your radio is
tracking the position of the vessel, select Trail to show or hide the trail
line for the vessel, and select Trail Line to change the line color. Select
Clear Report to delete the call report. Select Create Waypoint to set a
waypoint at the position sent with the distress call.
Man-Overboard Distress Calls Initiated from a VHF
Radio
When your Garmin chartplotter is connected to a Garmin NMEA
2000-compatible radio and you initiate a man-overboard DSC distress call
from your radio, your Garmin chartplotter displays the man-overboard screen
and prompts you to navigate to the man-overboard point. If you have a Garmin
autopilot system connected to the network, your chartplotter prompts you to
start a Williamson turn to the man-overboard point.
If you cancel the man-overboard distress call on the radio, the man overboard
screen no longer appears.
The
symbol designates a distress call in the DSC List and marks the
position of a vessel on the Navigation chart at the time the DSC distress call
was sent.
60
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
Man-Overboard Distress Calls Initiated from the
Chartplotter
When your Garmin chartplotter is connected to a Garmin NMEA
2000-compatible radio and you activate navigation to a man-overboard
location, the radio displays the Distress Call page to initiate a man-overboard
distress call. On the radio, press and hold the DISTRESS key for at least three
seconds to send the distress call.
For information on placing distress calls from your Garmin radio, see your
Garmin VHF Radio Owner’s Manual. For information on activating navigation
to a man-overboard location, see page 24.
Position Tracking
When you connect your Garmin chartplotter to a VHF radio using NMEA
0183, you can track vessels that send position reports. This feature is also
available with NMEA 2000, provided that the vessel sends the correct PGN
data (PGN 129808; DSC Call Information).
Every position report call received is logged in the DSC list (page 40).
To view a list of position reports:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Other Vessels > DSC List.
2. Select from the following options:
• Select Call with Radio to set up an individual routine call with the
radio to call the vessel that sent the position report. This option is only
available if you are using a Garmin NMEA 2000‑compatible VHF
radio.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
• Select Edit to edit the vessel name and the vessel symbol, and to add
a comment. If your radio is tracking the position of the vessel, select
Trail to show or hide the trail line for the vessel, and select Trail Line
to change the line color. Select Clear Report to delete the call report.
Select Create Waypoint to set a waypoint at the position sent with the
distress call.
• Select Clear Report to delete the call report.
• Select Navigate To to Go To or Route To the location sent with the
position report (page 10).
Configuring Vessel Trails on the Navigation Chart
If you have your chartplotter configured to show trails, the Navigation chart
displays a black dot for each reported position, a black line indicating the path
of the vessel, and a
Blue Flag symbol indicating the last reported position.
To set the duration of displayed trail points:
1. From a chart screen, press MENU > Other Vessels > DSC >
DSC Trails.
2. Select the number of hours to show tracked vessels on the Navigation chart.
For example, if you select 4 Hours, all trail points (less than four hours
old) for tracked vessels are displayed.
To turn trail lines off for tracked vessels:
1. From a chart screen, press MENU > Other Vessels > DSC >
DSC Trails.
2. Select Off to turn trails off for every vessel.
61
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
To show or hide the trail line for a specific vessel that is
sending position reports:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Other Vessels >
DSC List.
2. Select the vessel from the list > Edit.
3. Select Trail.
To change the symbol and color of the trail line for a vessel:
1. From the Home screen, select Information > Other Vessels >
DSC List.
2. Select the vessel from the list > Edit.
3. Select an option:
• Select Symbol to edit the symbol.
• Select Trail Line to edit the line color.
Placing an Individual Routine Call
When you connect your Garmin chartplotter to a Garmin VHF NMEA
2000-compatible radio, you can use the chartplotter interface to set up an
individual routine call. When setting up an individual routine call from your
chartplotter, you can select one of the following channels on which you want
to communicate. The radio transmits this request with your call.
To make an individual routine call:
1. While viewing a chart, press MENU > Other Vessels > DSC >
DSC List.
2. Select the station to call from the list.
3. Select Review > Call with Radio.
4. Select Send to send the information about the call to the radio.
5. On your Garmin VHF radio, select Call.
Calling an AIS Target
When you connect your Garmin chartplotter to a Garmin VHF NMEA
2000-compatible radio, you can use the chartplotter interface to set up an
individual routine call to an AIS target. For more information on selecting a
channel other than the default channel (Channel 72), see (page 62).
To make an individual routine call to an AIS target:
1. While viewing a chart, use the Rocker to select an AIS target .
2. Select AIS Vessel > Call with Radio.
3. Select Send to send the information about the call to the radio.
4. On your Garmin VHF radio, select Call.
The selection of a DSC channel is limited to those channels that are available
in all frequency bands: 6, 8, 9, 10, 13, 15, 16, 17, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73, or 77.
NOTE: The default channel is 72. However, select Channel to select a
different channel from the list. If you select a different channel, the chartplotter
uses that channel for subsequent calls until you call using a different channel.
62
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Appendix
Specifications
Specification Model
Value
Size
400 series W × H × D: 5.7 in. × 5.0 in. × 3.0 in.
(14.5 cm × 12.7 cm × 7.6 cm)
500 series W × H × D: 5.9 in. × 6.4 in. × 2.9 in.
(15.0 cm × 16.3 cm × 7.4 cm)
Weight
400 series 1.30 lb. (0.560 kg)
500 series 1.75 lb. (0.800 kg)
Display
431/441 4.0 in. diagonal (10.6 cm), QVGA display with
adjustable brightness, 320 × 240 pixels
531/541 5.0 in. diagonal (12.7 cm), QVGA display with
adjustable brightness, 320 × 234 pixels
536/546 5.0 in. diagonal (12.7 cm), Full VGA display with
adjustable brightness, 640 × 480 pixels
Case
All
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy,
waterproof to IEC 529 IPX7 standards
Temp. Range All
From 5ºF to 131ºF (from -15ºC to 55ºC)
Receiver
431/431s High-sensitivity, 14 parallel channel, WAAS441/441s capable receiver
531/531s
541/541s
536/536s
546/546s
Appendix
Specification Model
Value
Acquisition 431/431s Warm*: Approximately 1 second
Times
441/441s Cold**: Approximately 38 seconds
(Average
531/531s
acquisition
541/541s
times for a
stationary
536/536s Warm*: Approximately 15 seconds
receiver with 546/546s Cold**: Approximately 45 seconds
a clear view
of the sky)
*Warm: your unit is at or near the last location where you recently acquired
satellites.
**Cold: your unit has moved by more than about 500 mi. (800 km) since it was
turned off.
Update Rate All
Once per second
GPS
All
Position: <49 ft. (15 m), 95% typical
Accuracy
Velocity: 0.164 ft./sec 0.05 m/sec steady state
WAAS
All
Position: <10 ft. (3 m), 95% typical
Accuracy
Velocity: 0.05 m/sec steady state
Dynamics: 6 g
Power
All
Power Source: 10–32 Vdc
Usage: 15 W max at 13.8 Vdc
Fuse: AGC/3AG - 3.0 A
High-sensitivity, 12 parallel channel, WAAScapable receiver
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
63
Appendix
Specification Model
Value
Sonar
431s/441s Power:
531s/541s • 1 kW Transducer (536s/546s only), 1,000 W
(RMS), 8,000 W (peak to peak)
536s/546s
• Dual Frequency, 500 W (RMS),
4,000 W (peak to peak)
• Dual Beam, 400 W (RMS),
3200 W (peak to peak)
Frequency:
50/200 kHz (dual frequency and 1 kW), 80/200
kHz (dual beam)
Depth
• 2,500 ft. (762 m) (1 kW),
• 1,500 ft. (457 m) (dual frequency)
• 900 ft. (274 m) (dual beam)
Depth capacity is dependent on water salinity,
bottom type, and other water conditions.
Alarms and Messages
Antenna Input is Shorted—a part of the antenna wiring is crimped, broken,
or contacting the chassis.
Arriving At [Waypoint Name]—you arrived at the destination waypoint. You
can Stop Navigation when this message appears.
Battery Alarm—battery voltage has fallen below the value entered in the
Battery Alarm setup.
Battery Voltage Is Too High—too much input voltage—the unit shuts off in
10 seconds. Decrease the input voltage to the maximum voltage allowed (or
less) for your chartplotter.
Boat Is Not Moving Fast Enough to Calibrate—the boat is not moving fast
enough for the speed wheel to provide a valid speed.
Can’t Read User Card—error reading card; remove and reinsert. Contact
your dealer or Garmin Product Support if the problem persists.
Can’t Read Voltages That High, Limited To Top Of Range—the voltage
value in the Battery Alarm setup is higher than the unit can read.
The unit uses an on-screen message system to alert you to unit operating
characteristics. When a message appears, press MENU to acknowledge the
message.
Can’t Read Voltages That Low, Limited To Bottom Of Range—voltage
value in the Battery Alarm setup is lower than the voltage where the unit
automatically turns off.
Accuracy Alarm—the GPS accuracy has fallen outside of the user-set value.
Can’t Unlock Maps—data on the data card is not unlocked for the unit.
Contact your dealer or Garmin Product Support.
AIS: Dangerous Target—shows the MMSI (Maritime Mobile Service
Identity) of the dangerous target.
Alarm Clock—the alarm clock has sounded.
Anchor Drag Alarm—you have drifted out of the specified distance range.
64
Can’t Write User Card, Card May Be Full—error reading card; remove
and reinsert. Contact your dealer or Garmin Product Support if the problem
persists.
Can’t Write User Card, Card Is Read-Only—the SD card in your unit
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Appendix
contains data copy protection.
Invalid MMSI—enter a valid MMSI.
Card Needed—Your unit needs to have an SD card inserted into the SD card
slot in order to perform the function you requested.
Lost Satellite Reception—the unit has lost satellite signals. Check antenna
connections or try moving to a location with a clear view of the sky.
DSC Position Report Received From—shows the MMSI or name associated
with an MMSI.
NMEA Depth Is Below Transducer—you must enter an appropriate Keel
Offset for the transducer (page 51).
Database Error—internal problem with the unit. Contact your dealer or
Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced.
No Waypoints/Routes/Tracks/User Waypoints Found—attempted to transfer
user data from an SD card that does not contain the specified type of data.
Make sure there is data to transfer on the SD card.
Deep Water Alarm—the Deep Water Alarm depth has been reached.
Directory Item With This MMSI Already Exists—the MMSI number is
already in the DSC directory. Use a different number.
Directory Memory is Full, Can’t Create Entry—the DSC directory has
reached the maximum of 100 contacts. Delete unneeded contacts to add new
ones.
Distress Call—a DSC distress call has been received. Take appropriate action.
Entering (Leaving) target water temperature—the target water temperature
is 2°F (1.1°C) above or below the temperature specified by the Water
Temperature Alarm. These messages appear when you enter or leave that zone.
Entering Safe Region—the boat is approaching a safe region as defined by
your configuration settings.
Entering Unsafe Region—the boat is approaching an unsafe region as defined
by your configuration settings.
Fish Alarm—a beep sounds (if enabled) when a fish is detected. This alarm
does not show a message banner.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Off Course Alarm—you are off course the distance set in the “Off Course”
alarm.
Route Already Exists—you entered a route name that already exists in
memory. Modify the route name or delete the previous route name.
Route is Full—you attempted to add more than 250 points to a route. Reduce
the number of points or create a second route.
Route Truncated—an uploaded route from another device has more than 250
waypoints and was truncated to fit.
Route Waypoint Memory Full—no additional route waypoints can be saved.
Shallow Water Alarm—the Shallow Water Alarm depth has been reached.
Sonar Service Incompatible—the external sonar device you are connected to
needs a software update.
Sonar Timeout—there is an internal problem with the unit. Contact your
dealer or Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced.
Sonar Service Lost—the external sonar device you were connected to has
65
Appendix
either been disconnected or the unit has lost communication with the sonar
device for some other reason.
Water Speed Sensor Is Not Working—the speed sensor is not detected.
Check the connections.
Track Already Exists [Track Name]—you entered a saved track name that
already exists in memory. Modify the track name or delete the existing track.
Water Temperature Alarm—sonar has reported a temperature above, below,
inside, or outside the specified values.
Track Log Full—the track log is full and track recording has been turned
off. To record more track points, you need to clear the track log and turn track
recording on. This only appears when the track recording setting is set to “Stop
When Full.”
Waypoint Already Exists—you entered a waypoint name that already exists
in memory. Modify the waypoint name or delete the existing waypoint.
Track Memory is Full, Can’t Create Track—the track log memory is full.
No additional track log data can be stored without deleting old data to create
memory space.
Track Truncated—a complete uploaded track does not fit into memory. The
oldest track log points were deleted to make space for the most recent data.
Transducer Disconnected, Sonar Turned Off—there is not a transducer
attached, there is a bad cable or transducer, or the transducer cable was
disconnected. If the transducer cable is removed while the unit is on, reconnect
and cycle power.
Transfer Complete—the unit has finished uploading or downloading
information to the connected device.
User Card Not Found, Please Insert Card—attempted to transfer user data
without an SD card containing user data being present in the SD card slot.
Warning: Auto-guidance route starting and ending position moved due to
safe depth settings—the auto-guidance route was calculated but the starting
and ending positions were moved because of safe depth settings.
66
Waypoint Memory Full—you have saved the maximum number of
waypoints. Delete unwanted waypoints to make space for new entries.
Capturing Screenshots
You can capture a screenshot of any screen displayed on your unit as a bitmap
(.BMP) file and then transfer it to your computer.
To capture screenshots:
1. Insert an SD card into the SD card slot on the front of the unit.
2. Select Configure > System > Beeper/Display.
3. Select Screenshot Capture to turn screenshot captures On.
4. When you are on a screen you want to capture, press and hold the HOME
button for at least six seconds.
5. Select OK when the Screenshot Taken window is displayed.
To copy the screenshots to your computer:
1. Remove the SD card from the chartplotter and insert it into an SD card
reader that is attached to a computer.
2. From Windows Explorer, open the Garmin\scrn folder on the SD card.
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Appendix
3. Copy the appropriate .BMP file on the card and paste it to any location on
the computer.
Caring for the Unit
the boat.
GPSMAP 441/441s GPSMAP 536/536s
GPSMAP 541/541s GPSMAP 546/546s
The case is constructed of high-quality materials and does not require user
maintenance, except cleaning.
Cleaning the Case
Clean the unit’s outer casing (except for the screen) using a cloth dampened
with a mild detergent solution and then wipe dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and
solvents that may damage plastic components.
Cleaning the Screen
The lens on the screen is coated with a special anti-reflective coating that
is sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. Cleaners containing
ammonia, alcohol, abrasives, or anti-grease detergents will harm the antireflective coating. It is important to clean the lens using an eyeglass lens
cleaner (that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings) and a clean, lintfree cloth.
Honda Engine ECO Symbol
The
symbol appears when boats with NMEA 2000-compatible Honda
engines are running in a fuel-efficient mode and engine RPM is displayed.
Consult your Honda engine manual to determine if the engine is NMEA 2000
compatible.
NMEA 2000
The following GPSMAP 400 and GPSMAP 500 series chartplotters are NMEA
2000 certified and can receive data from a NMEA 2000 network installed on
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
To connect one of these chartplotter to an existing NMEA 2000 network and to
see a list of supported NMEA 2000 PGN numbers, see the GPSMAP 400/500
Series Installation Instructions.
Software License Agreement
BY USING THE UNIT, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS
AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this device (the “Software”)
in binary executable form in the normal operation of the product. Title, ownership rights, and
intellectual property rights in and to the Software remain in Garmin.
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected under the United
States of America copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge
that the structure, organization, and code of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and
that the Software in source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to
decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce to human readable
form the Software or any part thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You
agree not to export or re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws
of the United States of America.
67
Index
Index
A
active tracks 14
aerial photos 19
AIS 40, 41, 53, 62
targeting symbols 42
threats 42
AIS alarm 53
AIS vessels 44
alarms 50, 64–67
AIS 53
anchor drag 50
battery 50
clock 50
collision 53
deep water 51
engine gauge 33
fish 51
fuel 51
GPS accuracy 50
navigation 50
off course 50
safe-zone 53
shallow water 51
sonar 51
water temp 51
animated tide stations 11
apparent wind 35
68
arrival alarms 50
A-scope 57
auto magnetic 46
automatic guidance 20, 47
auto on/off 46
autopilot 30
B
backing up data 40
backlight 4
barometer, reference time 47
Beeper/Display 46
BlueChart g2 Vision
using 29–33
boat icon 13
bottom lock 58
buttons 5
C
calibrate water speed 52
celestial 37
charts
borders 13
chart data 10
detail 12
fish eye 3D 16
fishing 17
mariner’s eye 3D 15
navigation 8
settings 11
Chart/Sonar screen 21
clear user data 38
collision alarm 53
color scheme 57
colors, hazard 16
communications settings 48
compass 30
rose 12
tape 9
contact information, Garmin iv
coordinates 24
coordinates, grid
creating waypoints using 24
course up 12
current stations 37
D
dashboard 31
data bars
fish eye 3D chart 17
navigation chart 9
perspective 3D chart 14
sailing 9
sonar 57
data transfer 38, 39
daylight saving time 47
Declaration of Conformity iv
delete a waypoint 26
depth line 57
depth log 56
depth waypoint 57
detail of map 12
device list 49
display settings 46
distance, measuring 25
distress calls 60
DSC 53, 59
contact 60
list 60
DST 47
E
edit a route 27
edit existing waypoint 25
EGNOS 46
event log 46
F
factory settings
restoring 6
fish eye 3D 16
settings 16
fishing chart 17
fish symbols 17, 57
flasher 54
frequency 58
fuel capacity, enter 52
fuel gauge 34
full screen, sonar 54
fuse 63
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Index
G
gain 58
Garmin data transfer 48
go to 22
GPS 5, 46
heading 36
grid coordinates
creating waypoints using 24
Grid (North) 46
ground wind 35
guide to 22
H
hazard colors 16
heading 46
GPS 36
line 12
magnetic 36
source 36
head up 12
HOME key 5
I
icon 13
ID number 6
K
keel offset 51
keypad 5
L
label devices 49
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
lane width 14, 16
language 47
light sectors 13
M
magnetic heading 36
Man Overboard 24, 60
manual zoom 58
map datum 47
MapSource data 38
mariner’s eye 3D 15
colors 16
mark current location 24
MARK key 5
measuring distance 25
MENU key 5
messages 64
move a waypoint 25
My Boat 51
N
Navaid 13
navigation 10, 23, 26, 27, 61
alarms 50
charts 8
preferences 47
NMEA 0183 setup 49
NMEA 2000 setup 49
NMEA High Speed 49
NMEA Standard 48
noise reject 58
north
grid 46
magnetic 46
north up 12
true 46
numbers
customizing 31
overlay numbers 10
viewing 31
O
object information
accessing 11
other vessels 53
P
pause sonar 57
Perspective 3D 13
photo points 13
photos 11
points of interest (POI) 13, 20, 29
position format 46
position precision 49
position reports 61
position tracking 61
Power/Backlight key 5
product registration iv
Q
quick links i
R
radio 59
Range keys 5
range rings 14, 16
range, sonar 58
registering your product iv
restoring factory settings 6
Rocker key 5
roses 12
routes
creating 26
deleting 27
editing 27
labels 47
viewing 38
route to 22
S
safe depth 16, 47
safe height 47
safety shading 13
safe-zone settings 53
sailing data bar 9
SART 41
satellite imagery 18
saved tracks 14
save to card 39, 40, 46
screenshots 66
scroll speed 57
SD cards
69
Index
inserting 6
removing 6
SELECT key 5
Serial Port setup 48
service points 11
settings
alarms 50
chart 11
communications 48
fish eye 3D 16
initializing 3
language 47
navigation preferences 47
system 46
units of measure 46
shoreline distance 47
simulator 46
mode 5
skyview 46
software license agreement 67
software version 46
sonar
advanced settings 57
appearance 57
cone 16
full screen 54
scroll speed 57
setting up 57–58
setup 57
specifications 64
70
split frequency 55
split zoom 55
temperature log 56
specifications 63
speed filter 46
speed sources 47
split frequency 55
split zoom 55
spot depths 13
surface noise 57
symbols 13
system alarms 50
system information 46
viewing 6
system settings 46
system units 46
T
temperature log 56
temperature offset 52
tides and currents 11
animated 11
tide stations 36
viewing information 11
time format 47
tracks 17, 27
trails
AIS 44
DSC 61
transducer
dual frequency 58
transferring data 38, 39
True (north) 46
true wind 35
turn off the unit 2
turn transition 47
U
unit ID number 6
units of measure 46
user data
backing up 39
clearing 38
transferring 39
viewing 38
V
vehicle icon 13
version (software) 46
VHF radio 59
viewing
currents 37
other boats 40
tide stations 36
user data 38
creating 24
deleting 24, 26
depth 57
edit existing 14, 25
IDs 49
mark current location 24
moving 25
viewing 38
weather radar 15
Where To 22
whiteline 57
wind gauge 35
close hauled 36
Z
zoom 58
2x 58
4x 58
manual 58
split 58
W
WAAS 46
water temperature 65
offset 52
waypoints 14
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
Index
GPSMAP 400/500 Series Owner’s Manual
71
For the latest free software updates (excluding map data) throughout the life of your Garmin products, visit the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com.
© 2011–2012 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, Hampshire, SO40 9LR UK
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road, Xizhi Dist., New Taipei City, 221, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
www.garmin.com
March 2012
Part Number 190-01074-12 Rev. C
Printed in Taiwan