Garmin 360 GPS Receiver User Manual

GNS 530(A)
Pilot’s Guide and Reference
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision Date of Revision
A
5/00
B
5/01
C
4/03
D
2/07
E
F
G
H
190-00181-00 Rev. H
7/07
6/08
09/08
12/09
Description
Initial Release
Update to reflect software changes through 2.06
Update to reflect software changes through 4.0
Updated layout, added TAWS, TERRAIN, TIS, and Weather
information, per SW v6.02
Updated per Main SW v6.03
Removed Proximity Advisory info from Section 14
Converted format of figures to accommodate printing process
Added Section 14.2, GTS 8XX Traffic Systems
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
i
COPYRIGHT
Copyright © 2009 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of Main System Software version 6.03 or later. Some differences may be observed when
comparing the information in this manual to other software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062 USA
p: 913.397.8200
f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, Oregon 97302 USA
p: 503.391.3411
f: 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p: +44/ (0) 0870.8501241
f: +44/ (0) 870.8501251
Garmin (Asia) Corp., No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road., Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p: 886/2.2642.9199
f : 886/2.2642-9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Visit the Garmin website for the latest updates and supplemental information concerning the operation of this and other Garmin
products.
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or
stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission
to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to
be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text
of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is
strictly prohibited.
Garmin®, AutoLocate®, and PhaseTrac12® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used
without the express permission of Garmin.
GNS™ and Spell’N’Find™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the express permission of
Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
December 2009
ii
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Printed in the U.S.A.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION. .......................................... 1-1
1.1 Accessories and Packing List.................................. 1-1
1.2 Key and Knob Functions.......................................... 1-2
1.3 Takeoff Tour................................................................ 1-5
SECTION 2: COM. ................................................................. 2-1
2.1 Communicating using the GNS 530....................... 2-1
SECTION 3: NAV PAGES ................................................... 3-1
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
Main Page Groups..................................................... 3-1
NAV Page Group........................................................ 3-2
Default NAV Page...................................................... 3-2
Map Page.................................................................... 3-6
TERRAIN Page........................................................... 3-15
TAWS Page................................................................ 3-18
NAV/COM Page......................................................... 3-21
Satellite Status Page.............................................. 3-23
SECTION 4: DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION......................... 4-1
4.1 Overview..................................................................... 4-1
SECTION 5: FLIGHT PLANS.............................................. 5-1
5.1 Flight Plan Catalog Page......................................... 5-1
5.2 Active Flight Plan Page............................................ 5-8
SECTION 6: PROCEDURES................................................ 6-1
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Approaches, Departures, and Arrivals.................. 6-1
Non-Precision Approach Operations..................... 6-3
ILS Approaches........................................................ 6-25
Points to Remember for All Approaches........... 6-32
SECTION 7: WPT PAGES.................................................... 7-1
7.1 WPT Page Group........................................................ 7-1
7.2 Airport Location Page.............................................. 7-4
7.3 Airport Runway Page............................................... 7-6
7.4 Airport Frequency Page........................................... 7-8
7.5 Airport Approach Page.......................................... 7-10
7.6 Airport Arrival Page................................................ 7-12
7.7 Airport Departure Page......................................... 7-14
7.8 Intersection Page.................................................... 7-16
7.9 NDB Page................................................................... 7-16
7.10 VOR Page................................................................. 7-17
7.11 User Waypoint Page............................................. 7-18
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 8: NRST PAGES.................................................. 8-1
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
NRST Page Group...................................................... 8-1
Nearest Airport Page................................................ 8-3
Nearest Intersection Page....................................... 8-5
Nearest NDB Page..................................................... 8-6
Nearest VOR Page..................................................... 8-6
Nearest User Waypoint Page.................................. 8-8
Nearest Center (ARTCC) Page................................. 8-8
Nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) Page........... 8-9
Nearest Airspace Page........................................... 8-11
SECTION 9: VLOC RECEIVER........................................... 9-1
9.1 VLOC (VOR/LOCALIZER/GLIDESLOPE) Receiver
Operations.......................................................................... 9-1
SECTION 10: AUX PAGES................................................ 10-1
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
AUX Page Group.................................................... 10-1
Flight Planning Page............................................ 10-2
Utility Page........................................................... 10-10
Setup Page............................................................ 10-18
SECTION 11: VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV). .... 11-1
SECTION 12: TERRAIN...................................................... 12-1
12.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................... 12-1
12.2 TERRAIN Page......................................................... 12-3
12.3 TERRAIN Alerts....................................................... 12-4
12.4 Database Information for TERRAIN................... 12-9
SECTION 13: TAWS. ........................................................... 13-1
13.1 INTRODUCTION....................................................... 13-1
13.2 TAWS Page.............................................................. 13-3
13.3 TAWS Alerts............................................................. 13-4
13.4 Database Information for TAWS...................... 13-11
SECTION 14: ADDITIONAL FEATURES...................... 14-1
14.1 Traffic Information Service (TIS) Interface...... 14-1
14.2 GTS 8XX Traffic Systems.................................... 14-11
14.3 Weather Data Link Interface............................ 14-19
SECTION 15: FAULT DETECTION and
EXCLUSION............................................................................. 15-1
15.1 Detection and Exclusion...................................... 15-1
15.2 Pre-Departure Verification of FDE..................... 15-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 16: MESSAGES, ABBREVIATIONS, and
NAV TERMS............................................................................. 16-1
16.1 Messages................................................................. 16-1
16.2 Abbreviations......................................................... 16-9
16.3 Navigation Terms................................................ 16-12
Appendix A: Data Card Use...........................................A-1
Appendix B: Specifications. ..........................................B-1
Appendix C: Troubleshooting Q & A. .......................C-1
iv
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the TAWS function. The
TAWS feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and does not relieve the
pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The TAWS feature is only to be used
as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the
accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The terrain data should be used only as an aid for situational awareness. Terrain data must not
be used as the sole basis for decisions or maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles. Terrain data must not be
used for navigation.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by GNS 530 GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and
could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never
be used for vertical navigation. Always use pressure altitude displayed by pressure altimeters in the aircraft.
WARNING: The Jeppesen database used in the GNS 530 system must be updated regularly in order to ensure
that its information remains current. Updates are released every 28 days. A database information packet is
included in the GNS 530 package. Pilots using an outdated database do so entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: The basemap (land and water data) must not be used for navigation, but rather only for non navigational situational awareness. Any basemap indication should be compared with other navigation
sources.
WARNING: For safety reasons, GNS 530 operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin GNS 530 utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the GNS 530 can be
misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
v
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Use the GNS 530, Weather Data Link Interface, TIS, and TAWS at your own risk. To reduce the risk
of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the GNS 530 Pilot’s Guide documentation
and the GNS 530 Flight Manual Supplement. Thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use. During
flight operations, carefully compare indications from the GNS 530 to all available navigation sources, including
the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any
discrepancies before continuing navigation.
CAUTION: The GNS 530 display lens is coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to
skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE
COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that
is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The Garmin GNS 530 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and
the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the GNS 530 panel and
displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current GNS 530 system. Depictions of equipment
may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: Unless otherwise specified within this manual, the term ‘GNS 530’ applies to the GNS 530, GNS 530A,
and GNS 530(A) w/TAWS models. Please note that the difference between the GNS 530 and the GNS 530A
models is indicated under ‘VHF COM Performance’ in the Specifications section of this manual (Appendix B).
vi
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s
Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our website at
www.garmin.com/prop65.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
WARRANTY
AVIATION LIMITED WARRANTY
All Garmin avionics products are warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for: two years from the date of
purchase for new Remote-Mount and Panel-Mount products; one year from the date of purchase for new portable products and any
purchased newly-overhauled products; six months for newly-overhauled products exchanged through a Garmin Authorized Service
Center; and 90 days for factory repaired or newly-overhauled products exchanged at Garmin in lieu of repair. Within the applicable
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be
made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost.
This warranty does not apply to: (i) cosmetic damage, such as scratches, nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such as batteries,
unless product damage has occurred due to a defect in materials or workmanship; (iii) damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse,
water, flood, fire, or other acts of nature or external causes; (iv) damage caused by service performed by anyone who is not an
authorized service provider of Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been modified or altered without the written permission of
Garmin. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to refuse warranty claims against products or services that are obtained and/or used
in contravention of the laws of any country.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER
EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY
FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO
YOU.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement product) the product or software
or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR
ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
Online Auction Purchases: Products purchased through online auctions are not eligible for warranty coverage. Online auction
confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the
original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty may be provided by international distributors for devices purchased outside the
United States depending on the country. If applicable, this warranty is provided by the local in-country distributor and this distributor
provides local service for your device. Distributor warranties are only valid in the area of intended distribution. Devices purchased in
the United States or Canada must be returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, or
Taiwan for service.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating a Service Center near you,
visit the Garmin Website at ‘http://www.garmin.com’ or contact Garmin Customer Service at 800-800-1020.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
vii
WARRANTY
Blank Page
viii
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Accessories and Packing List
Congratulations on choosing the finest, most advanced
panel mount IFR navigation/communication system
available. The GNS 530 represents Garmin’s commitment
to provide accurate, easy-to-use avionics.
Before installing and getting started with the GNS 530,
please check to see that the package includes the following
items. If any parts are missing or damaged, please contact
a Garmin dealer immediately.
Standard Package:
• GNS 530 Unit
• NavData® Card
The Garmin dealer performs the installation and
configuration of the GNS 530. The GNS 530 is secured
in the installation rack with the proper wiring connections
performed. After installation, the NavData Card and the
Terrain Data Card (if applicable) are installed into their
correct slots on the front of the unit (Appendix A). A
Garmin dealer can answer questions about the installation
such as location of antennas or any connections to other
equipment in the panel.
NOTE: Help Garmin provide better support by
completing on-line registration. Registration
ensures notification of product updates, new
products, and provides for lost or stolen unit
tracking. Have the serial number of the GNS
530 available and connect to the website (www.
garmin.com). Look for the product registration
link on the home page.
• Terrain Data Card
• Installation Rack
• Connectors
• GPS Antenna
• Pilot’s Guide
• Quick Reference Guide
• 400/500 Series Display Interface Pilot’s Guide
Addendum
• Database Subscription Packet
• Warranty Registration Card
• GNS 530 Simulator CD-ROM
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
1-1
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
1.2 Key and Knob Functions
The GNS 530 is designed to make operation as simple
as possible. The key and knob descriptions (Figure
1-1) provide a general overview of the primary function(s)
for each key and knob. The takeoff tour (Section 1.3)
is intended to provide a brief overview of the primary
functions of the GNS 530.
Experiment with the unit and refer to the reference
sections for more information.
Data is entered using the large and small knobs.
Experiment with them to become efficient at entering data.
This greatly reduces the amount of time spent operating
the GNS 530 in flight.
1
7
2
8
3
9
4
10
11
12
5
14
6
15
16
18
17
19
13
Figure 1-1 Keys and Knobs
1
COM Flip-flop
6
Large left knob
11
ENT (enter)
16
MSG (message)
2
COM Power/Volume
7
RNG (map range)
12
Small right knob
17
FPL (flight plan)
3
VLOC Flip-flop
8
Direct-to
13
Large right knob
18
VNAV
4
VLOC Volume
9
MENU
14
CDI
19
PROC (procedures)
5
Small left knob
10
CLR (clear)
15
OBS
1-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
Left-hand Keys and Knobs
Right-hand Keys and Knobs
(1) COM Flip-flop Key – Swaps the active and standby
COM frequencies. Press and hold to select emergency
channel (121.500 MHz).
(2) COM Power/Volume Knob – Controls unit power
and communications radio volume. Press momentarily to
disable automatic squelch control.
(3) VLOC Flip-flop Key – Used to swap the active and
standby VLOC frequencies (i.e., make the selected standby frequency active).
(4) VLOC Volume Knob – Controls audio volume for
the selected VOR/Localizer frequency. Press momentarily
to enable/disable the ident tone.
(5) Small Left Knob (COM/VLOC) – Used to tune
the kilohertz (kHz) value of the standby frequency for
the communications transceiver (COM) or the VLOC
receiver, whichever is currently selected by the tuning
cursor. Press this knob momentarily to toggle the tuning
cursor between the COM and VLOC frequency fields.
(6) Large Left Knob (COM/VLOC) – Used to tune the
megahertz (MHz) value of the standby frequency for the
communications transceiver (COM) or the VLOC receiver,
whichever is currently selected by the tuning cursor.
(7) RNG Key – Allows the pilot to select the desired map
range. Use the up arrow to zoom out to a larger area, or
the down arrow to zoom in to a smaller area.
(8) Direct-to Key – Provides access to the direct-to function, which allows the pilot to enter a destination waypoint
and establishes a direct course to the selected destination
(Section 4).
(9) MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of
options. This options list allows the pilot to access
additional features or make settings changes which relate
to the currently displayed page.
(10) CLR Key – Used to erase information, remove map
detail, or to cancel an entry. Press and hold the CLR key
to immediately display the Default NAV Page.
(11) ENT Key – Used to approve an operation or complete
data entry. It is also used to confirm information during
power on.
(12) Small Right Knob – Used to select pages within
one of the page groups. Press this knob momentarily
to display the on-screen cursor. The cursor allows the
pilot to enter data and/or make a selection from a list of
options. When entering data, the small right knob is used
to select the desired letter or number and the large right
knob is used to move to the next character space. The
small right knob is also used to move the target pointer
up (turn clockwise) or down (counterclockwise) when the
map panning function is active.
(13) Large Right knob – Used to select page groups:
NAV, WPT, AUX, or NRST. With the on-screen cursor
enabled, the large right knob allows the pilot to move
the cursor about the page. The large right knob is also
used to move the target pointer right (turn clockwise) or
left (counterclockwise) when the map panning function
is active.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
1-3
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
`
NOTE: Data is entered using the large and
small right knobs (Figure 1-2). Experiment with
them to become efficient at entering data. This
will greatly reduce the amount of time spent
operating the GNS 530 in flight.
Figure 1-2 Blank Direct-to Page
NOTE: When the GNS 530 is displaying a list
of information that is too long for the display
screen, a scroll bar appears along the right-hand
side of the display (Figure 1-3). The scroll bar
graphically indicates the number of additional
items available within the selected category. To
scroll through the list, press the small right knob
to activate the cursor, then turn the large right
knob.
Scroll Bar
Bottom Row Keys
(14) CDI Key – Used to toggle which navigation source
(GPS or VLOC) provides output to an external HSI or
CDI.
(15) OBS Key – Used to select manual or automatic
sequencing of waypoints. Pressing the OBS Key selects
OBS mode, which retains the current ‘active to’ waypoint
as the navigation reference even after passing the waypoint
(i.e., prevents sequencing to the next waypoint). Pressing
the OBS Key again returns the unit to normal operation,
with automatic sequencing of waypoints. When OBS
mode is selected, the pilot may set the desired course
to/from a waypoint using the Select OBS Course pop-up
window, or an external OBS selector on the HSI or CDI.
(16) MSG Key – Used to view system messages and to
alert the pilot to important warnings and requirements.
See Section 16.1 for more information on messages.
(17) FPL Key – Allows the pilot to create, edit, activate,
and invert flight plans, as well as access approaches,
departures, and arrivals. A closest point to flight plan
feature is also available from the FPL Key. See Section 5
for more information on flight plans.
(18) VNAV (Vertical Navigation) Key – Allows the
pilot to create a three-dimensional profile which provides
guidance to a final (target) altitude at a specified location
See Section 11.
(19) PROC Key – Allows the pilot to select and remove
approaches, departures, and arrivals from the flight plan.
When using a flight plan, available procedures for the
departure and/or arrival airport are offered automatically.
Otherwise, the pilot may select the desired airport, then
the desired procedure.
Figure 1-3 Scroll Bar
1-4
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
1.3 Takeoff Tour
After becoming familiar with the basics, some suggested
reading within this Pilot’s Guide includes:
Overview
• Flight plan features - Section 5
The Garmin GNS 530 provides the pilot accurate
navigational data and communication capability, along
with non-precision and precision approach certification
in the IFR environment. The takeoff tour is designed to
familiarize the pilot with:
• IFR procedures - Section 6
• Powering up the unit
• Changing frequencies
• Entering data
• Performing a simple direct-to
• Selecting IFR procedures
• Unit settings (configuring the unit to the pilot’s
preferences) - Section 10
If more information is needed, Garmin’s Customer
Service staff is available during normal business hours
(U.S. Central time zone) at the phone and fax numbers
listed on page ii. Garmin can also be reached by mail
(page ii) or at our website address, www.garmin.com.
Powering up the GNS 530
• Using some limited flight plans
In addition, this section briefly covers the Default NAV
Page, the Map Page, and the NAV/COM Page, which are
available as part of the NAV Page Group. These pages are
used for most of the in-flight navigation.
The takeoff tour assumes that the unit and antennas
have been properly installed and that the GNS 530’s
default settings have not been changed. If any of the
factory default settings (position format, units of measure,
selectable fields, etc.) have been changed, the pictures
shown here may not exactly match what is shown on
the GNS 530. Prior to using the GNS 530 for the first
time, Garmin recommends that the aircraft be moved to a
location that is well away from buildings and other aircraft
so the unit can collect satellite data without interruption.
This takeoff tour is intended to provide a brief
introduction of the GNS 530’s major features. Sections
2 through 14 of this manual describe these features and
others in additional detail. Refer to these sections, as
needed to learn or review the details regarding a particular
feature.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• Waypoint information pages (database
information) - Section 7
The GNS 530’s power and COM volume are controlled
using the COM Power/Volume knob at the top left
corner of the unit. Turning it clockwise turns unit power
on and increases the COM radio volume. After turning
the unit on, a welcome page is displayed while the unit
performs a self test, followed sequentially by the Unit Type
Page (Figure 1-4) and the Software Version Page. Then
(depending on configuration) the Weather Page, the Traffic
Page, the Aviation Database Page, and the Land/Terrain/
Obstacles Database Page are sequentially displayed.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Figure 1-4 Unit Type Page
1-5
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
The Database Versions Page (Figure 1-5) appears
next, which shows the current database information
on the NavData and Terrain Data Cards. Database
information highlighted in yellow indicates the database
is not within its effective dates. The NavData database is
updated every 28 days and must be current for approved
instrument approach operations. Information on database
subscriptions is available inside the GNS 530 package.
Instrument Panel Self-test Page
Once the database has been acknowledged, the
Instrument Panel Self-test Page appears (Figure 1-6).
To ensure that the GNS 530 and any connected
instruments are working properly, check for the following
indications on the CDI/HSI, RMI, external annunciators,
and other connected instruments:
• Course deviation - Half left/no flag
• TO/FROM flag - TO
• Bearing to destination - 135°
• Distance to destination - 10.0 nm
• All external annunciators (if installed) - On
• Glideslope - Half up/no flag
• Time to destination - 4 minutes
Figure 1-5 Database Versions Page
• Desired track - 149.5°
• Ground speed - 150 knots
Acknowledging the database information:
Press the ENT Key.
Check CDI/HSI, RMI, and
Other Instruments to verify
these Indications
Fuel Capacity is
entered manually
Fuel On-Board
and Fuel Flow
are Provided
by Sensors, if
Installed
Select to Set
Fuel Level to
Full Capacity
Select to display
Checklists Page
Should Match Current
OBS Course Selection
The Instrument Panel Self-test Page indicates the
currently selected OBS course, fuel capacity (CAP), fuel
on board (FOB), and fuel flow (FF). The fuel capacity,
fuel on board, and fuel flow may be manually entered if
the installation does not include connection to sensors
which automatically provide these figures.
Entering fuel capacity, fuel on board,
or fuel flow figures (if not provided by
sensors):
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the Fuel
Capacity, Fuel on Board, or Fuel Flow field.
2)
Turn the small and large right knobs to enter
the desired figure (Figure 1-7) and press the
ENT Key.
Figure 1-6 Instrument Panel Self-Test Page
1-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 1
INTRODUCTION
Viewing the Checklists Page:
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Go To
Chklist?’ (Figure 1-9) and press the ENT Key.
1)
Figure 1-7 Fuel Flow Selected
The Instrument Panel Self-test Page includes selections
to set fuel on board to full capacity and access the
Checklists Page. This allows the pilot to quickly set fuel
to full limits and display any checklists that have been
entered, such as start up or takeoff checklists.
Figure 1-9 ‘Go To Chklist?’ Highlighted
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
checklist, then execute each step (Section
10.3, Utility Page: Checklists) in the selected
checklist.
3)
Once the pilot completes the desired checklist(s),
press the small right knob to return to the
Checklists Page. Press the small right knob
again to return to normal operation on the
Satellite Status Page or the Map Page.
4)
Once instrument operation has been verified
with the Instrument Panel Self-test Page
displayed, highlight ‘OK?’, and press the ENT
Key.
Setting fuel on board to full (if not
provided by sensor):
1)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Set Full
Fuel?’ (Figure 1-8).
Figure 1-8 ‘Set Full Fuel?’ Highlighted
2)
NOTE: The GNS 530 can hold up to nine checklists
with up to 30 entries in each checklist.
Press the ENT Key and verify that fuel on board
now matches the fuel capacity figure. Fuel on
board is reduced, over time, based on the fuel
flow figure.
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INTRODUCTION
Satellite Status Page
The Satellite Status Page (Figure 1-10) appears as the
GNS 530 attempts to collect satellite information.
When an ‘Acquiring’ status is displayed on the Satellite
Status Page, the signal strengths of any satellites received
appear as ‘bar graph’ readings. This is a good indication
that the unit is receiving signals and a position fix is being
determined. Following the first-time use of the GNS 530,
the time required for a position fix varies, usually from
one to two minutes.
The Satellite Status Page displays a ‘Search Sky’ status, and
the message annunciator (MSG), above the MSG Key also
flashes to alert the pilot of system message, ‘Searching the
Sky’.
Viewing a system message:
Press the MSG Key (Figure 1-11).
The Message Page appears and displays the status or
warning information applicable to the receiver’s current
operating condition.
Figure 1-11 Message Page
Figure 1-10 Satellite Status Page
If the unit can only obtain enough satellites for 2D
navigation (no altitude), the unit uses the altitude provided
by the altitude encoder (if one is connected).
The ‘INTEG’ annunciator (bottom left corner of the
screen) indicates that satellite coverage is insufficient to
pass built-in integrity monitoring tests. In the example
above, not enough satellites are being received to determine
a position. The Satellite Status Page shows the ID numbers
for the satellites and the relative signal strength of each
satellite received (as a bar graph reading).
‘Searching Sky’ indicates that satellite almanac data
is not available or has expired (if the unit hasn’t been
used for six months or more). This means the unit is
acquiring satellite data to establish almanac and satellite
orbit information, which can take five to ten minutes.
The data is recollected from the first available satellite.
1-8
Returning to the previous page after
viewing a message:
Press the MSG Key again.
NOTE: The GNS 530 utilizes certain software
algorithms to ensure reliable GPS receiver
operation. Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) and Fault Detection and
Exclusion (FDE) are two examples. These features
allow navigation during Oceanic/Remote legs of
a flight using the GNS 530. For further details,
please refer to Sections 10.3, 10.4, and 14.
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Selecting COM and VLOC Frequencies
While the GNS 530 is acquiring a position, take a
minute to dial in the active and standby frequencies to
be used for the first phase of the flight. The GNS 530’s
display is divided into separate windows (or screen areas),
including a COM Window, VLOC Window, and the GPS
Window (Figure 1-12).
Active COM Window
Frequency
Placing the standby communication
frequency in the active field:
Press the COM Flip-flop Key (Figure 1-13).
GPS Window
Standby
Frequency
VLOC
Window
Figure 1-13 Active Frequency 135.325 MHz
Figure 1-12 Standby Frequency 135.325 MHz
Once the active frequency has been entered, repeat
steps 1 and 2 to enter the standby frequency. After both
communication frequencies have been entered, the COM
Window may be kept ‘hot’ by leaving the cursor on the
standby frequency. Move the cursor to the VLOC Window
by pressing the small left knob.
Changing the standby communication
frequency:
1)
2)
Press the small left knob if needed, to move
the tuning cursor to the COM Window (Figure
1-12).
Turn the large left knob to select the MHz,
and the small left knob to select the kHz of
the desired frequency.
NOTE: When selecting VLOC frequencies, the
tuning cursor automatically returns to the COM
Window after 30 seconds of inactivity.
Changing the standby VLOC frequency:
1)
Press the small left knob if needed, to activate
the tuning cursor in the VLOC Window.
2)
Turn the large left knob to select the MHz,
and the small left knob to select the kHz of
the desired frequency.
Placing the standby frequency in the active
field:
Press the NAV Flip-flop Key.
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INTRODUCTION
Page Groups
NAV Pages
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group NRST Group
see Section 3 see Section 7 see Section 10 see Section 8
There are five pages available under the NAV Page
Group*:
• Default NAV Page
• Map Page
• TAWS Page
Table 1-1 Page Groups
The bottom right corner of the screen (Figure 1-14)
indicates which page group (Table 1-1) is currently being
displayed, the number of pages available within that group
(indicated by square icons), and the placement of the
current page within that group (indicated by a highlighted
square icon).
In addition to the NAV Page Group, additional page groups
are available for waypoint information (WPT), auxiliary
(AUX) functions such as flight planning or unit settings, and
listings for nearest (NRST) airports or other facilities.
• NAV/COM Page
• Satellite Status Page
The Default NAV Page, the Map Page, and the NAV/
COM Page are used for most of the in-flight navigation.
Selecting the NAV Page Group and
displaying the Default NAV Page:
Press and hold the CLR Key.
Selecting the desired NAV Page:
Turn the small right knob until the desired
page is displayed.
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in Position of
Current Page Group Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 1-14 Current Page and Page Group
Selecting the desired page group and page:
Turn the large right knob until a page from the
desired page group is displayed.
Turn the small right knob until the desired page
is displayed.
1-10
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INTRODUCTION
Map Page
After the GNS 530 acquires satellites and computes
a position, the Map Page (Figure 1-15) appears
automatically.
Map Display
Data
Fields
While viewing the Map Page, the pilot can quickly
declutter and remove many of the background map details
by pressing the CLR Key (repeatedly) until the desired
detail is depicted.
To change the map range, press the up arrow (to zoom
out) or the down arrow (to zoom in) of the RNG (map
range) Key. The current map range is depicted in the
lower left corner of the Map Display.
Direct-to Navigation
Present
Position
Desired Track
Map Range
Figure 1-15 Map Page
The Map Page displays the present position (using an
airplane symbol) relative to nearby airports, VORs, NDBs,
intersections, user waypoints, and airspace boundaries.
The route is displayed as a solid line.
Optional data fields for destination waypoint (WPT),
desired track (DTK), track (TRK), distance to waypoint
(DIS), and ground speed (GS) appear on the right-hand
side of the display. These fields are user selectable (Section
3.4, Selecting Desired On-screen Data) to allow the pilot
to configure the unit. Available settings include: altitude,
bearing, enroute safe altitude, estimated time of arrival,
minimum safe altitude, and ground track.
A Map Setup Page is provided to designate the
maximum range at which each map feature appears.
These settings provide an automatic decluttering of the
map (based upon preferences) while adjusting the range.
See Section 16.3 for definitions of these navigation terms.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
The GNS 530 can use direct point-to-point navigation
to provide guidance from takeoff to touchdown, even
in the IFR environment. Once a destination is selected,
the unit provides speed, course, and distance data based
upon a direct course from the present position to the
destination. A destination can be selected from any page
with the Direct-to Key.
Selecting a direct-to destination:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears with the destination
field highlighted.
2)
Turn the small right knob to enter the first
letter of the destination waypoint identifier.
The destination waypoint may be an airport,
VOR, NDB, intersection, or user waypoint,
as long as it is in the database or stored in
memory as a user waypoint.
3)
Turn the large right knob to the right to move
the cursor to the next character position.
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INTRODUCTION
4)
Repeat steps 2 and 3 to spell out the rest of
the waypoint identifier (Figure 1-16).
Default NAV Page
During most flights, the Default NAV Page, the Map
Page, and the NAV/COM Page are the primary pages used
for navigation.
Selecting the Default NAV Page:
Press and hold the CLR Key (Figure
1-18).
User-Selectable Data Fields (all four corners)
Figure 1-16 Direct-to Waypoint Page
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The
‘Activate?’ function field is highlighted (Figure
1-17).
Active Leg
of Flight
Plan, or
Direct-to
Destination
Course
Deviation
Indicator
(CDI)
Figure 1-18 Default NAV Page
Figure 1-17 ‘Activate?’ Highlighted
6)
Press the ENT Key to activate a direct-to course
to the selected destination.
Once a direct-to destination is selected, press and hold
the CLR Key to display the Default NAV Page.
1-12
The Default NAV Page (Figure 1-18) displays a graphic
course deviation indicator (CDI), the active leg of the flight
plan (as defined by the current ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints),
and four user-selectable data fields. The default settings
for these fields are desired track (DTK), distance to
waypoint (DIS), ground speed (GS), and estimated time
enroute (ETE). See Section 16.3 for definitions of these
navigation terms.
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NAV/COM Page
Changing the data fields:
1)
From the Default NAV page, press the MENU
Key and select ‘Change Fields?’ (Figure 1-19).
From the Default NAV Page, turn the small right knob
until the NAV/COM Page (Figure 1-21) is displayed.
Frequency
Type
Departure, Enroute, or
Arrival Airport
Frequency
List
Figure 1-19 Default NAV Page Menu
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the data
field to be changed.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a list of
data options (Figure 1-20).
Figure 1-21 NAV/COM Page
The NAV/COM Page displays the available frequencies
(communications and navigation) for the departure airport,
any enroute airports which are included in the flight plan,
and the final destination airport. When using the directto function, frequencies are listed for the airport nearest to
the starting position and the destination airport.
Displaying the frequency list for the
desired flight plan or direct-to airport:
Figure 1-20 ‘Select Field Type’ Window
4)
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor on the airport identifier field (in the GPS
Window).
2)
Turn the small right knob to display the list
of airports (departure, arrival, and enroute) for
the flight plan or direct-to. Continue to turn
the small right knob until the desired airport
is selected.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display the frequency list
for the selected airport.
Press the ENT Key to select the desired data
item and return to the Default NAV Page.
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A frequency listed on the NAV/COM Page can be
quickly transferred to the standby field of the COM
Window or the VLOC Window. This time-saving process
prevents having to ‘re-key’ a frequency already displayed
elsewhere on the screen.
Selecting a communication or navigation
frequency:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor in the GPS Window.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
frequency from the list.
3)
Press the ENT Key to transfer the selected
frequency to the standby field in the COM or
VLOC Window. COM frequencies automatically
go to the standby field of the COM Window and
navigation frequencies automatically go to the
standby field of the VLOC Window, regardless
of which window is currently highlighted by
the cursor.
4)
1-14
Displaying frequencies for a different
airport along the flight plan.
1)
Press the small right knob to highlight the
airport identifier field.
2)
Turn the small right knob to display the list of
airports within the flight plan (Figure 1-22).
Figure 1-22 Airport Window
3)
Continue turning the small right knob to select
the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
To activate the selected frequency, press the
COM or VLOC Flip-flop Key.
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INTRODUCTION
IFR Procedures
4)
Once the direct-to or flight plan is confirmed, the whole
range of instrument procedures is available. Departures
(SIDs), arrivals (STARs), non-precision and precision
approaches are stored within the NavData card and are
available using the PROC (procedures) Key.
To display the Procedures Page (Figure 1-23), press the
PROC Key.
For approaches, a window appears (Figure
1-24) to select the desired initial approach
fix (IAF) or provide a ‘vectors’ option to select
just the final course segment of the approach.
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
option and press the ENT Key. (The ‘vectors’
option extends the final inbound course beyond
the final approach fix, allowing the pilot to
intercept the final course segment beyond its
normal limits.)
Figure 1-23 Procedures Page
The steps required to select and activate an approach,
departure, or arrival are identical. This introductory
section shows examples of the steps required to select an
approach, but keep in mind the same process also applies
to departures and arrivals.
Selecting an approach, departure, or
arrival:
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
option (‘Select Approach?’, ‘Select Arrival?’,
or ‘Select Departure?’) from the Procedures
Page.
2)
Press the ENT Key to display a list of
available procedures for the arrival (when using
approaches or STARs) or departure (when using
SIDs) airport.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
procedure and press the ENT Key.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 1-24 Approach Window
5)
For departures and arrivals, a window appears
to select the desired transition. Turn the small
right knob to select the desired option and
press the ENT Key.
In the flight plan or direct-to, the departure or arrival
airport is replaced with the sequence of waypoints
contained within the selected procedure.
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INTRODUCTION
Nearest (NRST) Pages
Displaying the NRST pages:
The NRST Page Group provides detailed information
on the nine nearest airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections,
and user-created waypoints within 200 nm of the current
position. In addition, pages are also provided to display
the five nearest center (ARTCC/FIR) and Flight Service
Station (FSS) points of communication, plus alert the
pilot to any nearby special-use or controlled airspaces.
There are eight pages available in the NRST group:
1)
If necessary, press and hold the CLR Key to
select the NAV group and display the Default
NAV Page.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the NRST
Page Group, as indicated by ‘NRST’ appearing
in the lower right corner of the screen.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
NRST Page.
• Nearest Airport Page
Displaying a list of nearby airports:
• Nearest NDB Page
1)
• Nearest User Waypoints Page
• Nearest FSS Page
• Nearest Intersection Page
Turn the large right knob to select the NRST
Page Group and (if needed) the small right
knob to select the Nearest Airport Page (Figure
1-25).
• Nearest VOR Page
• Nearest ARTCC Page
• Nearest Airspace Page
The communication frequencies and runway
information may both be examined directly from the
Nearest Airport Page. As discussed earlier for the NAV/
COM Page, the pilot may also place any displayed
frequency into the standby COM or VLOC field by
highlighting the frequency with the cursor and pressing
the ENT Key.
1-16
Figure 1-25 Nearest Airport Page
2)
To scroll through the list, press the small right
knob, then turn the large right knob (Figure
1-26)
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INTRODUCTION
The Nearest Airport Page may be used in conjunction
with the Direct-to Key to quickly set a course to a nearby
facility in an in-flight emergency. Selecting a nearby
airport as a direct-to destination overrides the flight plan
or cancels a previously selected direct-to destination. (The
pilot still has the option of returning to the flight plan
by cancelling the direct-to; see Section 4.1, Cancelling
Direct-to Navigation.)
Figure 1-26 Scrolling the Nearest Airport List
Viewing additional information for a
nearby airport:
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to
destination from the Nearest Airport Page:
1)
From the Nearest Airport Page, press the small
right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
airport from the list.
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
airport from the list.
3)
Press the Direct-to Key.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display waypoint (WPT)
information pages for the selected airport
(Figure 1-27).
5)
Press the ENT Key (again) to navigate to the
nearby airport.
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to
destination from an Airport Information
Page:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key.
2)
Press the ENT Key (Figure 1-28).
Figure 1-27 Airport Location Page
4)
To display runway and frequency information,
press the small right knob to remove the
cursor and turn the small right knob to display
the desired information page.
Figure 1-28 Direct-To Waypoint Page
3)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Press the ENT Key again to navigate to the
nearby airport.
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INTRODUCTION
Nearest (NRST) Airspace Page
The last page in the NRST group, the Nearest Airspace
Page (Figure 1-29), provides information for up to nine
controlled or special-use airspaces near or in the flight
path. Airspace information appears on this page based on
the same criteria used for airspace alert messages:
• If the projected course will take the aircraft inside
an airspace within the next ten minutes, the
message ‘Airspace ahead -- less than 10 minutes’
appears.
By default, airspace alert messages are turned off. When
turned on, the message (MSG) annunciator located directly
above the MSG Key flashes to alert the pilot to the airspace
message. See Section 10.4, Setup Page: Airspace Alarms for
information on enabling airspace alert messages.
Viewing an airspace alert message:
1)
Press the MSG Key. The Messages Page
appears with the alert message (Figure
1-30).
• If the aircraft is within 2 nm of an airspace and the
current course will take it inside of the airspace,
the message ‘Airspace near and ahead’ appears.
• If the aircraft is within 2 nm of an airspace and
the current course will not take it inside of the airspace, the message ‘Near airspace less than 2nm’
appears.
• If the aircraft has entered an airspace, the message
‘Inside airspace’ appears.
Figure 1-30 Messages Page
2)
Press the MSG Key again to return to the
previous display.
Note that the airspace alerts are based upon threedimensional data (latitude, longitude, and altitude) to
avoid nuisance alerts. The alert boundaries for controlled
airspace are also sectorized to provide complete information
on any nearby airspace. Additional information about a
nearby airspace—such as controlling agency, frequency, and
floor/ceiling limits—is available from the Nearest Airspace
Page (Section 8.9).
Figure 1-29 Nearest Airspace Page
1-18
Viewing additional airspace information:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
airspace from the list.
3)
Press the ENT Key to view the airspace
information.
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INTRODUCTION
Flight Plans (FPL)
The GNS 530 lets the pilot create up to 20 flight plans
with up to 31 waypoints in each flight plan. Flight plans
are created, edited, and activated using the FPL Key. The
FPL Page Group includes two pages: the Active Flight Plan
Page and the Flight Plan Catalog Page (Figures 1-31 and
1-32). The Active Flight Plan Page provides information
and editing features for the flight plan currently in use
(referred to as ‘flight plan 00’). The Flight Plan Catalog
Page serves as the main page for creating new flight plans,
as well as editing or activating previously created flight
plans.
Since using flight plans is arguably one of the more
complex features of the GNS 530, it will be discussed only
briefly here, with focus on creating a new flight plan and
activating it to use for navigation. Answers to additional
questions about flight plans not found in this brief
introduction can be found in Section 5, Flight Plans.
Creating a new flight plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the Flight
Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the MENU Key to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page Menu (Figure 1-33).
Figure 1-31 Active Flight Plan Page
Figure 1-32 Flight Plan Catalog Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 1-33 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
4)
Turn the large right knob to select ‘Create New
Flight Plan?’ and press the ENT Key.
5)
The cursor appears on the first waypoint identifier
field (located directly below ‘WAYPOINT’). Use
the large and small right knobs to enter the
identifier of the first waypoint in the flight plan.
(The small knob is used to select the desired
letter or number and the large knob is used to
move to the next character space.)
6)
Press the ENT Key once the identifier has been
selected. The cursor moves to the next blank
waypoint identifier field.
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INTRODUCTION
7)
Repeat steps 5 and 6, above, until all waypoints
for the flight plan have been entered (Figure
1-34).
Activating the new flight plan:
1)
Press the MENU Key to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page Menu.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Activate
Flight Plan?’ (Figure 1-35) and press the ENT
Key
Figure 1-34 Enter Flight Plan Waypoints
Once the flight plan is created, it may be activated from
the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu. Activating the flight
plan places it into ‘flight plan 00’ (a copy of it still resides
in the original catalog location) and replaces any flight
plan which currently exists in ‘flight plan 00’.
1-20
Figure 1-35 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 2
COM
SECTION 2: COM
2.1 Communicating using the GNS 530
The GNS 530 features a digitally-tuned VHF COM radio
that provides a seamless transition from communication
to navigation, bringing the two most important functions
in flying together in one panel-mounted unit. The GNS
530’s COM radio operates in the aviation voice band, from
118.000 to 136.975 MHz, in 25 kHz steps (default). For
European operations, a COM radio configuration to allow
for 8.33 kHz steps is also provided (Section 10.4, Setup
Page: COM Configuration).
COM Window and Tuning
Communication frequencies are selected with the
tuning cursor in the standby COM frequency field (Figure
2-1), using the small and large left knobs to dial in the
desired frequency. The standby frequency always appears
below the active frequency. The active frequency is
the frequency currently in use for transmit and receive
operations.
Active COM
Frequency Field
‘RX’ Receive
Indication
Standby COM
Frequency Field
Volume
COM radio volume is adjusted using the COM Power/
Volume Knob. Turn the COM Power/Volume Knob
clockwise to increase volume, or counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
Squelch
Figure 2-1 ‘RX’ Receive Indication
The COM radio features an automatic squelch,
providing maximum sensitivity to weaker signals while
rejecting many localized noise sources. The pilot may
wish to override this automatic squelch function when
listening to a distant station or when setting the desired
volume level. The COM Power/Volume Knob allows the
pilot to disable the automatic squelch and keep the COM
audio open continuously.
Overriding the automatic squelch:
1)
2)
Press the COM Power/Volume Knob
momentarily.
A frequency may also be quickly selected from the
database by simply highlighting the desired frequency on
any of the main pages and pressing the ENT Key. This
process is referred to as auto-tuning. Once a frequency is
selected in the standby field, it may be transferred to the
active frequency by pressing the COM Flip-flop Key.
While receiving a station, an ‘RX’ indication (Figure
2-1) appears in the upper right corner of the COM Window
to the immediate right of ‘COM’. A ‘TX’ indication appears
at this location when transmitting (Figure 2-2).
‘TX’ Transmit Indication
Press the COM Power/Volume Knob again
to return to automatic squelch operation.
Figure 2-2 ‘TX’ Transmit Indication
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SECTION 2
COM
NOTE: The tuning cursor normally appears in the
COM Window, unless placed in the VLOC Window
by pressing the small left knob. When the tuning
cursor is in the VLOC Window, it automatically
returns to the COM Window after 30 seconds of
inactivity.
To make the standby frequency the active
frequency, press the COM Flip-flop Key
(Figure 2-4).
Figure 2-4 Active Frequency of 135.325
Selecting a COM frequency:
1)
4)
If the tuning cursor is not currently in the COM
Window, press the small left knob momentarily
(Figure 2-3).
The tuning cursor is normally in the COM Window.
To select a VOR/Localizer/ILS frequency, press the small
left knob momentarily to place the cursor in the VLOC
Window. Additional instructions for VOR/localizer/ILS
operations are available in Sections 6 and 9.
Figure 2-3 Standby Frequency of 135.325
2)
Turn the large left knob to select the desired
megahertz (MHz) value. For example, the ‘135’
portion of the frequency ‘135.325’.
3)
Turn the small left knob to select the desired
kilohertz (kHz) value. For example, the ‘.325’
portion of the frequency ‘135.325’.
2-2
NOTE: The active frequency in either window
cannot be accessed directly, only the standby
frequency is highlighted by the tuning cursor.
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SECTION 2
COM
Auto-Tuning
The GNS 530’s auto-tune feature allows the pilot to
quickly select any database frequency in the GPS Window
as the standby frequency. Any COM frequency displayed
in the GPS Window can be transferred to the standby COM
frequency field. The following are examples of selecting
COM frequencies from some of the main GPS pages.
Displaying the entire list of frequencies for
a nearby airport and selecting from that
list:
1)
Start with the desired airport highlighted on
the Nearest Airport Page (as described in the
preceding step 3), then press the ENT Key.
2)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
remove the cursor and turn the small right
knob to display the frequency list (Figure
2-6).
Selecting a COM frequency for a nearby
airport:
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the NRST
Page Group.
2)
Turn the small right knob to display the
Nearest Airport Page (Figure 2-5)
3)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
place the cursor on the airport identifier field
of the first airport in the list. If needed, turn
the large right knob to highlight the desired
airport.
4)
The Nearest Airport Page displays the common
traffic advisory frequency (CTAF) for each listed
airport. To select this frequency, turn the large
right knob to highlight the desired airport’s
CTAF frequency (Figure 2-5).
Figure 2-6 Airport Frequencies Page
3)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
reactivate the cursor and turn the large right
knob to highlight the desired frequency.
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the highlighted
frequency in the standby COM field.
Figure 2-5 Nearest Airport Page
5)
Press the ENT Key to place the frequency in
the standby field of the COM Window.
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COM
Selecting a COM frequency for a nearby
flight service station (FSS) or center
(ARTCC):
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the NRST
Page Group.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the Nearest
Center or Nearest Flight Service Page (Figure
2-7).
Selecting a COM frequency for any airport
in the flight plan:
1)
Select the NAV/COM Page from the NAV Page
Group. (Section 3.1, or press and hold the CLR
Key, then turn the small right knob until the
NAV/COM Page appears.)
2)
Press the small right knob to place the cursor
on the airport identifier field. To the left of this
field appears Departure, Enroute, or Arrival,
depending on the placement of the displayed
airport within the flight plan.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
(Figure 2-8) listing the airports in the flight
plan. Continue turning the small right knob
to select the desired airport.
Figure 2-7 Nearest ARTCC Page
2-4
3)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
place the cursor on the page.
4)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
FSS/ARTCC frequency.
5)
Press the ENT Key to place the frequency in
the standby field of the COM Window.
Figure 2-8 NAV/COM Page ‘Airport’ Window
4)
Press the ENT Key to return to the NAV/COM
Page with the frequencies for the selected
airport.
5)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired frequency.
6)
Press the ENT Key to place the highlighted
frequency in the standby COM Window field.
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COM
Selecting a COM frequency for any airport
in the database:
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the WPT
Page Group.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the Airport
Frequencies Page (Figure 2-9).
Emergency Channel
The GNS 530’s emergency channel select provides
a quick method of selecting 121.500 MHz as the
active frequency in the event of an in-flight emergency.
Emergency channel select is available anytime the unit
is on, regardless of GPS or cursor status, or loss of the
display.
Quickly tuning and activating 121.500:
Press and hold the COM Flip-flop Key (or COM
Remote Transfer Switch) for approximately two
seconds (Figure 2-10).
Figure 2-10 Emergency Channel Active
Figure 2-9 Airport Frequencies Page
3)
Press the small right knob to place the cursor
on the airport identifier field.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the desired airport. Press the
ENT Key when finished.
5)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired frequency.
6)
Press the ENT Key to place the highlighted
frequency in the standby COM Window field.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
If the COM Remote Transfer switch is used to select the
emergency channel, further changes in COM frequency
will not be possible without momentarily pressing the
COM Remote Tranfer Switch again, or by cycling unit
power.
NOTE: Under some circumstances if the COM
system loses communication with the main
system, the radio will automatically tune to
121.500 MHz for transmit and receive, regardless
of the displayed frequency.
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COM
Stuck Microphone
As mentioned previously in this section, when the GNS
530 is transmitting, a ‘TX’ indication appears in the COM
Window. If the microphone key is stuck or accidentally
left in the on position; or the microphone continues to
transmit after the key is released, the COM transmitter
automatically times out (ceases transmitting) after 35
seconds of continuous broadcasting. A ‘COM push-totalk key stuck’ message (Figure 2-11) is displayed as long
as the condition continues.
Figure 2-11 Message Page
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SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
SECTION 3: NAV PAGES
3.1 Main Page Groups
The GNS 530’s main pages are divided into four
separate page groups: NAV, WPT, AUX, and NRST
(Table 3-1). Each page group is comprised of multiple
pages. The page groups are selected using the large right
knob. The individual pages are selected using the small
right knob.
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group NRST Group
5 NAV Pages see Section 7 see Section 10 see Section 8
Table 3-1 Page Groups
Selecting the desired page group (from any
page):
Press and hold the CLR Key to select the
Default NAV Page. Turn the large right knob
to select the desired page group (Table 3-1 and
Figure 3-1).
Selecting the desired page within the
group:
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
page (Figure 3-1).
The bottom right corner of the screen is also used to
display the GNS 530’s turn advisories (‘Turn to 230°’) and
waypoint alerts (‘Next DTK 230°’) during flight plan and
approach operations (Figure 3-2). See Section 6 for more
information.
The bottom right corner of the screen (Figure 3-1)
indicates which page group is currently being displayed
(e.g., NAV, WPT, AUX, or NRST), the number of screens
available within that group (indicated by the square icons),
and the placement of the current screen within that group
(indicated by a highlighted square icon).
Turn Advisory
Figure 3-2 Turn Advisory
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in Position of Current Page
Current Page Group within Current Page Group
Figure 3-1 Current Page and Page Group
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NAV PAGES
3.2 NAV Page Group
3.3 Default NAV Page
The NAV Page Group includes five pages (Figure
3-3). While viewing any NAV page, turn the small right
knob to select a different NAV page. The pilot may find
this selection process convenient to cycle between the
Default NAV Page and the Map Page, which are two of the
most frequently used pages. Other pages are provided for
TAWS or TERRAIN information (if configured for TAWS
or TERRAIN), to list frequencies for the flight plan, and to
display current satellite reception.
The first NAV page is the Default NAV Page (Figure
3-4). The Default NAV Page displays a “look ahead” map
display with your present position at the bottom center
of the page. The top of the page displays desired track
(DTK), ground track (TRK), and distance to destination
waypoint (DIS). The bottom of the page indicates ground
speed (GS), active to/from waypoints (only active to, for
a direct-to destination) and estimated time enroute (ETE).
A graphic course deviation indicator (CDI) also appears
at the bottom of the page Unlike the angular limits used
on a mechanical CDI coupled to a VOR or ILS receiver,
full scale limits for this CDI are defined by a GPS-derived
distance (0.3, 1.0, or 5.0 nm), as indicated at both ends of
the CDI. By default, the CDI scale automatically adjusts to
the desired limits based upon the current phase of flight:
oceanic, enroute, terminal area, or approach. The pilot may
also manually select the desired scale setting as outlined in
Section 10.4.
Map
Default NAV
TAWS or TERRAIN
User-Selectable Data Fields (all four corners)
NAV/COM
Satellite Status
Figure 3-3 NAV Pages
NOTE: *Six or Seven NAV pages are available
when the GNS 530 installation includes
connection to traffic and/or weather information
sources. See Section 14 of this manual for more
information.
Map
Range
Active Leg
of Flight
Plan, or
Direct-to
Destination
Course
Deviation
Indicator
(CDI)
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Position of Current
Page within Current
Page Group
Figure 3-4 Default NAV Page
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NAV PAGES
The graphic CDI shows the current position at the center
of the indicator, relative to the desired course (the moving
course deviation needle). As with a traditional mechanical
CDI, when off course simply steer toward the needle.
The TO/FROM arrow in the center of the scale indicates
whether the aircraft is heading TO (up arrow) or FROM the
waypoint (down arrow).
Directly above the CDI appears the active leg of the
flight plan, or the direct-to destination when using the
Direct-to Key. This automatically sequences to the next
leg of the flight plan as each interim waypoint is reached.
If no flight plan or direct-to destination has been selected,
the destination field remains blank.
Quickly selecting the Default NAV Page
from any page:
Press and holding the CLR Key.
Table 3-2 shows the symbols used on the Default NAV
Page (directly above the CDI), to depict the ‘active leg’ of
a flight plan or direct to:
Symbol
Description
Direct-to a Waypoint
Course to a Waypoint, or Desired Course
between Two Waypoints
Procedure Turn
Procedure Turn
Vectors-to-Final
DME Arc to the Left
DME Arc to the Right
Left-hand Holding Pattern
NOTE: The GNS 530 always navigates TO
a waypoint unless the OBS switch is set
(preventing automatic waypoint sequencing),
or if the aircraft has passed the last waypoint
in the flight plan.
Right-hand Holding Pattern
Table 3-2 NAV Page Symbols
The range of the “look ahead” map display appears in
the bottom left corner. Nine scale settings, ranging from
5.0 nm to 200 nm are available. Use the RNG Key to
select the desired scale.
Adjusting the Map scale:
1)
Press the up arrow on the RNG Key to zoom
out to a larger area OR,
2)
Press the down arrow on the RNG Key to zoom
in to a smaller area.
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NAV PAGES
Selecting Desired On-Screen Data
At the bottom of the Default NAV Page there are six
user-definable fields which display the data needed as
the flight progresses (Figure 3-3). By default these fields
display: distance to destination (DIS), desired track
(DTK), bearing to destination (BRG), ground speed (GS),
ground track (TRK), and estimated time enroute (ETE).
However, each of these fields can be customized to display
a different data item. Available data items include:
Selecting a different data item for any data
field:
1)
Starting with the Default NAV Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Default NAV Page
Menu (Figure 3-5).
• Bearing to destination (BRG)
• Course to steer (CTS)
• Cross track error (XTK)
• Desired track (DTK)
Figure 3-5 Default NAV Page Menu
• Distance to destination (DIS)
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA)
• Estimated time of arrival (ETA)
2)
The ‘Change Fields?’ option is already
highlighted, so press the ENT Key to select
this option.
3)
Use the large right knob to highlight the data
field to be changed.
4)
Turn the small right knob to display the list
of available data items (Figure 3-6). Continue
turning the small right knob to select the
desired data item from the list.
• Estimate time enroute (ETE)
• Fuel flow (FLOW) (when configured)
• Ground speed (GS)
• Ground track (TRK)
• Minimum safe altitude (MSA)
• Track angle error (TKE)
• Vertical speed required (VSR)
If no flight plan or direct-to destination has been
selected, only speed, track, altitude, and minimum safe
altitude data may be displayed. All other data types appear
as blank lines on the Default NAV Page until a destination
is selected.
Figure 3-6 Select Field Type Window
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NAV PAGES
5)
Press the ENT Key to select the desired data
item and return to the Default NAV Page.
6)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
remove the cursor from the page.
Restoring Factory Settings
All data fields settings can be quickly returned to
original factory settings.
Restoring all six data fields to factory
default settings:
1)
From the Default NAV Page, press the MENU
Key to display the Default NAV Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
‘Restore Defaults?’ option (Figure 3-7) and
press the ENT Key.
Auto Zoom
An auto zoom feature is available for the Default NAV
Page, which automatically adjusts from an enroute scale of
200 nm through each lower scale, stopping at 5.0 nm as
you approach your destination waypoint. By default, the
auto zoom feature is disabled.
Enabling or disabling the auto zoom
feature
1)
From the Default NAV Page, press the MENU
Key to display the options menu (Figure 3-8).
Figure 3-8 Default NAV Page Menu
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Enable
Auto Zoom’ (or ‘Disable Auto Zoom’).
3)
Press the ENT Key to select this option.
Figure 3-7 Default NAV Page Menu
Dual Unit Considerations
A ‘Crossfill?’ option is also provided for the Default
NAV Page. This option transfers a direct-to destination or
flight plan to a second Garmin 400 or 500 Series unit. See
Section 10.2, Flight Planning Page: Crossfill for additional
details on using the crossfill option.
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NAV PAGES
3.4 Map Page
The second NAV page is the Map Page (Figure 3-9),
which displays the present position using an airplane
symbol, along with nearby airports, NAVAIDS, userdefined waypoints, airspace boundaries, lakes, rivers,
highways, and cities.
Table 3-3 shows the symbols used to depict the various
airports and NAVAIDS on the Map Page:
Symbol
Map Display
Description
Airport with hard surface runway(s); (primary
runway shown)
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only
Private Airfield
Heliport
VOR
Desired Track
Present
Position
VOR/DME
DME
Localizer
Map Range
Intersection
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 3-9 Map Page
Position of Current
Page within Current
Page Group
VORTAC
TACAN
NDB
NOTE: If the GNS 530 is unable to determine
a GPS position, the present position (airplane)
symbol does not appear on the Map Page.
Different symbols are used to distinguish between
waypoint types. The identifiers for any on-screen
waypoints can also be displayed. (The identifiers are
enabled by default.) Special-use and controlled airspace
boundaries appear on the map, showing the individual
sectors for Class B, Class C, and Class D airspaces.
Locator Outer Marker
Table 3-3 Map Page Symbols
The Map Display can be set to 23 different range settings from 500 feet to 2000 nautical miles (statute and
metric units are also available). The range is indicated
in the lower left-hand corner of the Map Display (Figure
3-9), and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered
by the Map Display.
Selecting a map range:
1) Press the up arrow of the RNG Key to zoom
out to a larger map area.
2)
3-6
Press the down arrow of the RNG Key to zoom
in to a smaller map area and more detail.
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NAV PAGES
An autozoom feature is available which automatically
adjusts from an enroute range of 2000 nm through
each lower range, stopping at a range of 1.0 nm when
approaching the destination waypoint. The autozoom
feature is turned on/off from the Map Setup Page (described
in Section 3.4).
The Map Page also displays a background map (or
‘basemap’) showing lakes, rivers, coastlines, highways,
railways, and towns. When a map range is selected below
the lower limit at which the map detail was originally
created, an ‘overzoom’ indication appears on the Map
Display, below the range reading (Figure 3-10). The
basemap has limited accuracy, and should not be used
for navigation, but only for non-navigational situational
awareness. Any basemap indication should be compared
against other navigational sources for accuracy. Continuing
to zoom in to lower range settings will cause ‘overzoom’ to
be replaced with ‘no map’ and the geographic detail will
be removed from the Map Display (airport and NAVAID
remain).
Figure 3-10 Overzoom on Map Page
Quickly decluttering the Map Display:
Press the CLR Key momentarily (as often as
needed) to select the desired amount of map
detail.
The CLR Key allows the pilot to quickly declutter the
Map Display, providing four levels of map detail. Note the
‘-1’ (‘-2’ and ‘-3’ are also provided) suffix designation in
Figure 3-11, indicating each successive declutter level.
Map Detail Level
Figure 3-11 Detail Level on Map Page
Five user-selectable data fields can be added to the
right-hand side of the Map Display. By default, the
displayed data is: destination waypoint name (WPT),
desired track (DTK), ground track (TRK), distance to
destination waypoint (DIS), and ground speed (GS).
Adding these data fields or changing the data types is
outlined in Section 3.4. The five data fields can also be
removed from the map to show a larger map image, as
shown in Figure 3-9.
The ‘Setup Map?’ option (described in Section 3.4)
allows the pilot to define the maximum range at which
each map feature appears. This provides the pilot with
complete control to minimize screen clutter. The pilot
can also quickly remove items from the map using the
CLR Key.
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NAV PAGES
Map Panning
Another Map Page function is panning, which allows the
map to move beyond its current limits without adjusting
the map range. When the panning function is selected (by
pressing the small right knob), a target pointer flashes on
the Map Display (Figure 3-12). A window also appears at
the top of the Map Display showing the latitude/longitude
position of the pointer, plus the bearing and distance to
the pointer from the present position.
Pointer Position Window
Target
Pointer
When the target pointer is placed on an object, the
name of that object is highlighted (even if the name wasn’t
originally displayed on the map). This feature applies to
airports, NAVAIDS, user-created waypoints, roads, lakes,
rivers, almost everything displayed on the map except
route lines.
When an airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint is selected
on the Map Display, information about the waypoint can
be reviewed or the waypoint can be designated as the
direct-to destination.
Reviewing information for an on-screen
airport, NAVAID or user waypoint:
1)
Use the panning function (as described in
the preceding procedure) to place the target
pointer on a waypoint (Figure 3-12).
2)
Press the ENT Key to display the Waypoint
Information Page(s) for the selected waypoint
(Figure 3-13).
Figure 3-12 Panning on Map Page
Selecting the panning function and panning
the Map Display:
3-8
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer.
2)
Turn the small right knob to move up (turn
clockwise) or down (counterclockwise).
3)
Turn the large right knob to move right (turn
clockwise) or left (counterclockwise).
4)
To cancel the panning function and return to
the present position, press the small right
knob.
Figure 3-13 Information for On-Screen Waypoint
3)
Press the CLR Key to exit the information
page(s).
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NAV PAGES
Map Direct-to
Airspace Information on the Map
Designating an on-screen airport,
NAVAID, or user waypoint as the direct-to
destination:
1)
Use the panning function (‘Map Panning’ in
this section) to place the target pointer on a
waypoint.
2)
Press the Direct-to Key to display the select
Direct-to Waypoint Page, with the selected
waypoint already listed (Figure 3-14).
When a special-use or controlled airspace boundary
appears on the Map Display, the pilot can quickly retrieve
information (such as floor/ceiling limits and controlling
agency) directly from the map.
Viewing airspace information for an onscreen special-use or controlled airspace:
1)
Use the panning function (‘Map Panning’ in this
section) to place the target pointer on an open
area within the boundaries of an airspace. If
the area is congested and it is difficult to select
an open area, it may be necessary to zoom in
or press the CLR Key to make the selection
easier (Figure 3-15).
Figure 3-14 +MAP Waypoint
3)
Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection
and begin navigating to the waypoint.
The direct-to function can be used anywhere on the
map. If nothing currently exists at the target pointer
location, a new waypoint called ‘+MAP’ (Figure 3-13) is
created at the target pointer location before the direct-to
is initiated.
Figure 3-15 Select Airspace with Target Pointer
2)
Press the ENT Key to display an options menu
(Figure 3-16).
Figure 3-16 Map Panning Options Window
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NAV PAGES
3)
‘Review Airspace?’ should already be
highlighted, if not select it with the small
right knob. Press the ENT Key to display the
Airspace Information Page for the selected
airspace.
4)
To display the COM frequency(ies) for the
controlling agency, turn the large right knob to
highlight ‘Frequencies?’ and press the ENT Key.
Press the CLR Key to return to the Airspace
Information Page.
5)
Press the CLR Key to exit the Airspace
Information Page.
‘Setup Map?’ allows configuration of the Map Display
to individual preferences, including map orientation,
land data enable/disable, Jeppesen data enable/disable,
automatic zoom, airspace boundaries, and text size.
NOTE: Large, medium, and small classifications
are used on the GNS 530 for airports and cities.
Large airports are those with a runway longer
than 8100 feet. Medium airports include those
with a runway longer than 5000 feet or with
a control tower. Large cities are those with
approximate populations greater than 200,000
and medium cities with greater than 50,000.
The following settings are available for each group:
Map Setup
Many of the GNS 530’s functions are menu driven.
Each of the main pages has an options menu, allowing
customization of the corresponding page to the pilot’s
preferences and/or selection of special features which
specifically relate to that page. A Map Page Menu (Figure
3-17) provides additional settings to customize the Map
Page and additional features related specifically to the
Map Page.
Displaying the Map Page Menu:
Press the MENU Key with the Map Page
displayed (Figure 3-17).
Map
Weather
Traffic
Airport
NAVAID
Waypoint
Line
Control
Figure 3-17 Map Page Menu
The following options are available: ‘Setup Map?’,
‘Measure Dist?’, ‘Data Fields Off?’, ‘Change Fields?’, and
‘Restore Defaults?’.
Airspace
City
Road
Other
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GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Orientation, AutoZoom, Land Data,
Aviation Data
Lightning Mode/Symbol
(when applicable)
Traffic Mode/Symbol/Label
(when applicable)
Large/Medium/Small Airports and
Text
VORs, NDBs, Intersections, and Text
User Waypoints, Waypoint Text,
Flight Plan Wpts
Active Flight Plan, Lat/Long
Controlled Airspace: Class B, C, D
(tower zone)
Special-Use Airspace: Restricted,
MOA, Other
Large/Medium/Small Cities and Text
Freeway, National Highway, Local
Hwy, Local Road
States/Prov, Rivers/Lakes, Railroads,
Wind Vector
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NAV PAGES
Changing the map orientation:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Setup Map?’ (Figure 3-16)
and press the ENT Key.
2) Turn the small right knob to select ‘Map’
(Figure 3-18) and press the ENT Key.
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option
(Figure 3-20).
Figure 3-20 Map Setup Page
Figure 3-18 Map Setup Window
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
‘Orientation’ field.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
option.
a) Select ‘DTK up’ to fix the top of the Map Display
to the desired course.
b) Select ‘North up’ to fix the top of the Map
Display to a north heading.
c) Select ‘Track up’ (Figure 3-19) to adjust the
top of the Map Display to the current track
heading.
To enable/disable automatic zoom:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Setup Map?’ and press the
ENT Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Map’ and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the ‘Auto
Zoom’ field.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘On’ or
‘Off’.
5)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option.
The automatic zoom feature automatically
adjusts the map range from 2000 nm through
each lower range, stopping at 1.0 nm when
approaching the destination waypoint.
Figure 3-19 Orientation Window
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NAV PAGES
Enabling/disabling the wind vector, all
background land data, or all Jeppesen
aviation data:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Setup Map?’ and press the
ENT Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Map’ and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
appropriate field.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘On’ or
‘Off’.
5)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
text size, or select ‘None’ to disable text
descriptions.
8)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
option.
For airspace boundaries, highways, roads,
railroad lines, track log data, active flight
plan course lines, and lat/long grid lines:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Setup Map?’ and press the
ENT Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the
appropriate ‘Group’ name (per the table on
the preceding page) and press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the zoom
field for the desired feature.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the
maximum range at which the feature should
appear on screen (or select ‘Off’ to never
display the selected feature).
5)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
option.
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
option.
Displaying airports, NAVAIDs, active flight
plan waypoints, user-created waypoints,
state/provincial boundaries, rivers/lakes,
and cities:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Setup Map?’ and press the
ENT Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the
appropriate ‘Group’ name (per the table on
the preceding page) and press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the zoom
field for the desired feature.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the
maximum range at which the feature should
appear on screen (or select ‘Off’ to never
display the selected feature).
5)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
option.
6)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the text
field for the desired feature.
3-12
7)
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Distance Measurements
4)
Again, use the small and large right knobs
to place the reference pointer at the desired
location to measure TO. The bearing and
distance from the first reference location
appears at the top of the Map Display.
5)
To exit the ‘Measure Dist?’ option, press the
small right knob.
The ‘Measure Dist?’ option provides a quick, easy
method for determining the bearing and distance between
any two points on the Map Display.
Measuring bearing and distance between
two points:
1) From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Measure Dist?’ (Figure 3-21).
Figure 3-21 Map Page Menu
2)
Press the ENT Key, an on-screen reference
pointer appears on the Map Display at the
present position.
3)
Turn the small and large right knobs to place
the reference pointer at the desired location to
measure FROM and press the ENT Key (Figure
3-22).
Adding Data Fields to the Map
The ‘Data Fields On?’ option provides a Map Display
(Figure 3-23) with five user-selectable data fields along the
right-hand side of the screen. Select this option to display
additional on-screen data such as destination waypoint
name (WPT), desired track (DTK), groundtrack (TRK),
distance to destination (DIS), and ground speed (GS). If
this option has been selected and the data fields are being
displayed, ‘Data Fields Off?’ appears as an option instead.
Figure 3-23 Map Display with Data Fields On
To turn the data fields off/on:
Figure 3-22 Using Pointer to Measure Distance and Bearing
190-00181-00 Rev. H
From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Data Fields On?’ (or ‘Data
Fields Off?’) and press the ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-13
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
Clearing On-Screen Weather Data
‘Clear Storm Data?’ removes storm history information
from the map. New storm data appears as detected and
relayed by a connected weather data source. Weather data
and the ‘Clear Storm Data?’ option are only available when
the GNS 530 installation includes connection to weather
information sources. See the 400/500 Series Display
Interfaces Pilot’s Guide Addendum (190-00140-10) or
Section 14 of this Pilot’s Guide.
Selecting Desired On-Screen Data
Press the small right knob to remove the
cursor.
4)
‘Change Fields?’ allows selection of the data displayed
on the five user-selectable data fields along the righthand side of the Map Page. There are sixteen available
data types, including bearing to destination, distance
to destination, estimated time of arrival, ground speed,
minimum safe altitude, and track. See Section 16.3 for
descriptions of these (and other) navigation terms.
Changing a data field:
1)
Figure 3-25 Select Data Field Window
From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Change Fields?’ (Figure
3-24) and press the ENT Key.
NOTE: The on-screen traffic information occupies
two data fields, leaving room to display only two
additional data types. Traffic information is only
available when the GNS 530 installation includes
connection to traffic information sources. See
Section 14, Additional Features.
Restoring Factory Settings
‘Restore Defaults?’ resets all four user-selectable data
fields to their original factory default settings.
Restoring the factory default settings:
From the Map Page Menu, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Restore Defaults?’ (Figure
3-26) and press the ENT Key.
Figure 3-24 Map Page Menu
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the data
field to be changed.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the type of
data (Figure 3-25) desired to appear on this
field and press the ENT Key.
3-14
Figure 3-26 Map Page Menu
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
3.5 TERRAIN Page
Selectable Display Settings
The TERRAIN Page has two selectable view settings:
NOTE: GNS 530 units may* display either a
TERRAIN Page or a TAWS Page, (but not both)
depending upon the installed hardware and
configuration.
* Some earlier units are not equipped to support the
TERRAIN and/or TAWS functionality, so therefore will not
have a TERRAIN or TAWS page available.
TERRAIN Page
To display the TERRAIN Page, select the NAV Page
Group and turn the small right knob until the TERRAIN
Page is displayed (Figure 3-27). The TERRAIN Page
displays:
• GPS-derived MSL altitude in increments of 20
feet or 10 meters, depending on unit configuration. The ‘G’ to right of the MSL altitude display
reminds the pilot that altitude is GPS-derived.
• 360˚ View - View from above aircraft depicting
surrounding terrain on all sides (Figure 3-27)
• 120˚ View - View of terrain ahead of and 60˚ to
either side of the aircraft flight path
Red Terrain (Warning GPS-derived
Terrain Above or Within
100’ Below Aircraft Altitude) MSL Altitude
TERRAIN
Page
Indication
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain
Between 100’
and 1000’ Below
Aircraft Altitude)
Display
Range
Current Page Group
• Aircraft ground track
Black Terrain
(No Danger Terrain More
than 1000’ below
Aircraft Altitude)
• Terrain Range - Indicates the terrain elevation in
colors relative to the aircraft altitude
Position of Current
Page within Current
Page Group
Figure 3-27 TERRAIN Page
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
• Range marking rings - (1 nm, 2 nm, 5 nm, 10 nm,
25 nm, 50 nm, and 100 nm)
• Heading Indicator - The heading indication on the
TERRAIN Page always displays ‘TRK’ for Trackup, unless there is no valid heading
• Obstacles
• Potential Impact Points
NOTE: See Section 12 for a full description of
TERRAIN functions.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-15
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
Displaying a 120˚ view:
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key.
1)
2)
Seven display ranges are available, allowing for a
more complete view of the surrounding area.
Changing the display range:
Select ‘View 120˚?’ (Figure 3-28).
Select the TERRAIN Page and press up or down
on the RNG Key to select the desired range:
1 nm, 2 nm, 5 nm, 10 nm, 25 nm, 50 nm,
100 nm (Figure 3-29).
Figure 3-28 TERRAIN Page Menu
Press the ENT Key. To switch back to a 360˚
view, repeat step 1, select ‘View 360˚?, and
press the ENT Key.
3)
NOTE: The TERRAIN Page gives a ‘Track Up’
display orientation, as indicated by the ‘TRK’
label shown on the display. This is the only
orientation available on this page.
Display Range Field
Figure 3-29 TERRAIN Display Range
Aviation information such as airports, VORs, and other
NAVAIDs can be turned on or off from the TERRAIN
Page.
Showing or hiding aviation data:
1)
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key.
2)
Select ‘Show (or Hide) Aviation Data’ (Figure
3-30) and press the ENT Key. Pressing the CLR
Key when the TERRAIN Page is displayed can
also be used to toggle aviation information on
or off.
Figure 3-30 TERRAIN Page Menu
3-16
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
Inhibit Mode
TERRAIN Symbols
TERRAIN has an inhibit mode that deactivates the FLTA/
PDA aural and visual alerts. Pilots should use discretion
when inhibiting TERRAIN and always remember to enable
the system when appropriate. For more information, see
Section 12.3, TERRAIN alerts.
Inhibiting TERRAIN:
1)
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Inhibit Terrain?’ is selected by default
(Figure 3-31).
NOTE: See Section 12.2 for a complete
description of TERRAIN symbology.
The following symbols (Figure 3-33) are used to
represent obstacles and potential impact points on the
TERRAIN Page.
• Red Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is above or within
100 feet below the aircraft altitude
• Yellow Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is between 100
feet and 1000 feet below the aircraft altitude
• Black Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is more than
1000 feet below the aircraft altitude
Figure 3-31 TERRAIN Page Menu
2)
Press the ENT Key. The ‘TER INHB’ annunciation
is displayed in the annunciator field when
TERRAIN is inhibited (Figure 3-32).
Annunciator Field
NOTE: Obstacle symbols are shown on display
zoom ranges up to 10 nm.
Unlighted
Obstacles
<1000 feet AGL
Lighted
Obstacles
<1000 feet AGL
Unlighted
Obstacles
>1000 feet AGL
Figure 3-32 TERRAIN Annunciator Field
Lighted
Obstacles
>1000 feet AGL
Enabling TERRAIN:
1)
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Enable Terrain?’ is selected by default.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The TERRAIN system is
functional again.
Figure 3-33 TERRAIN Symbols
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Potential
Impact Points
NOTE: If an obstacle and the projected flight path
of the aircraft intersect, the display automatically
zooms in to the closest potential point of impact
on the TERRAIN Page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-17
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
3.6 TAWS Page
NOTE: GNS 530 units may* display either a
TERRAIN Page or a TAWS Page, (but not both)
depending upon the installed hardware and
configuration.
* Some earlier units are not equipped to support the
TERRAIN and/or TAWS functionality, so therefore will not
have a TERRAIN or TAWS page available.
• 120˚ View - View of terrain ahead of and 60˚ to
either side of the aircraft flight path
Red Terrain (Warning
GPS-derived
- Terrain Above or Within
100’ Below Aircraft Altitude) MSL Altitude
TAWS Page
Indication
Black Terrain
(No Danger
- Terrain More
than 1000’ below
Aircraft Altitude)
TAWS Page
To display the TAWS Page, select the NAV Page Group
and turn the small right knob until the TAWS Page is
displayed (Figure 3-34). The TAWS Page displays:
• GPS-derived MSL altitude in increments of 20
feet or 10 meters, depending on unit configuration. The ‘G’ to right of the MSL altitude display
reminds the pilot that altitude is GPS-derived.
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain
Between 100’
and 1000’ Below
Aircraft Altitude)
Display
Range
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Position of Current
Page within Current
Page Group
Figure 3-34 TAWS Page
• Aircraft ground track
Displaying a 120˚ view:
• Terrain Range - Indicates the terrain elevation in
colors relative to the aircraft altitude
1)
• Range marking rings - (1 nm, 2 nm, 5 nm, 10 nm,
25 nm, 50 nm, and 100 nm)
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU
Key.
2)
Select ‘View 120˚?’ (Figure 3-35).
• Heading Indicator - The heading indication on the
TAWS Page always displays ‘TRK’ for Track-up,
unless there is no valid heading
• Obstacles
Figure 3-35 TAWS Page Menu
• Potential Impact Points
NOTE: See Section 13 for a full description of
TAWS functions.
Selectable Display Settings
The TAWS Page has two selectable view settings:
• 360˚ View - View from above aircraft depicting
surrounding terrain on all sides (Figure 3-34)
3-18
Press the ENT Key. To switch back to a 360˚
view, repeat step 1, select ‘View 360˚?, and
press the ENT Key.
3)
NOTE: The TAWS Page gives a ‘Track Up’ display
orientation, as indicated by the ‘TRK’ label
shown on the display. This is the only orientation
available on this page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
Seven display ranges are available, allowing for a
more complete view of the surrounding area.
Changing the display range:
Select the TAWS Page and press up or down
on the RNG Key to select the desired range:
1 nm, 2 nm, 5 nm, 10 nm, 25 nm, 50 nm,
100 nm (Figure 3-36).
Inhibit Mode
TAWS also has an inhibit mode that deactivates the
FLTA/PDA aural and visual alerts. Pilots should use
discretion when inhibiting TAWS and always remember
to enable the system when appropriate. Only the FLTA
and PDA alert types are disabled in the inhibit mode. For
more information, see the section on TAWS alerts. See
Section 13.3 for more information on TAWS alerts.
Inhibiting TAWS:
1)
Figure 3-38 TAWS Page Menu
Display Range Field
Figure 3-36 TAWS Display Range
Aviation information such as airports, VORs, and other
NAVAIDs can be turned on or off from the TAWS Page.
2)
Showing or hiding aviation data:
1)
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU
Key.
2)
Select ‘Show (or Hide) Aviation Data’ (Figure
3-37) and press the ENT Key. Pressing the CLR
Key when the TAWS Page is displayed can also
be used to toggle aviation information on or
off.
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU Key.
‘Inhibit Terrain?’ is selected by default (Figure
3-38).
Press the ENT Key. The ‘TER INHB’ annunciation
is displayed in the TAWS annunciator field
when TAWS is inhibited (Figure 3-39).
Annunciator Field
Figure 3-39 TAWS Annunciator Field
Enabling TAWS:
1)
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Enable Terrain?’ is selected by default.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The TAWS system is
functional again.
Figure 3-37 TAWS Page Menu
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-19
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
TAWS Manual Test
TAWS Symbols
Garmin TAWS provides a manual test capability which
verifies the proper operation of the aural and visual
annunciations of the system prior to a flight.
Manually testing the TAWS system:
1)
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU
Key.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the ‘Test
Terrain?’ option (Figure 3-40).
NOTE: See Section 13.2 for a complete
description of TAWS symbology.
The following symbols (Figure 3-41) are used to
represent obstacles and potential impact points on the
TAWS Page.
• Red Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is above or within
100 feet below the aircraft altitude
• Yellow Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is between 100
feet and 1000 feet below the aircraft altitude
• Black Symbol - Terrain/Obstacle is more than
1000 feet below the aircraft altitude
Figure 3-40 TAWS Page Menu
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
3)
‘TER TEST’ is annunciated in yellow on the TAWS Page.
One of the following aural messages is played giving the
test results:
• “TAWS System Test, OK”, if the system passes the
test.
NOTE: Obstacle symbols are shown on display
zoom ranges up to 10 nm.
Unlighted
Obstacles
<1000 feet AGL
Lighted
Obstacles
<1000 feet AGL
Unlighted
Obstacles
>1000 feet AGL
• “TAWS System Failure” if the system fails the test.
NOTE: TAWS system testing is disabled when
ground speed exceeds 30 kts, so as not to impede
TAWS alerting.
Lighted
Obstacles
>1000 feet AGL
Potential
Impact Points
Figure 3-41 TAWS Symbols
3-20
NOTE: If an obstacle and the projected flight path
of the aircraft intersect, the display automatically
zooms in to the closest potential point of impact
on the TAWS Page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
3.7 NAV/COM Page
The NAV/COM (navigation communications) Page
(Figure 3-35) provides a list of the airport communication
and navigation frequencies at the departure, enroute, and
arrival airports. The NAV/COM Page makes selection of
the frequencies needed along the flight plan quick and
convenient. If there is no active flight plan with a departure
airport, the NAV/COM Page displays the frequencies for
the airport nearest the departure position.
Departure, Enroute,
or Arrival Airport
Selecting a frequency list for a departure,
enroute or arrival airport:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the airport identifier field (top line on the
NAV/COM Page, see Figure 3-42).
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
airport (Figure 3-43) and press the ENT Key.
Assigned Frequency and
Usage Information
(when applicable)
Frequency
Type
Figure 3-43 Airport Window
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 3-42 NAV/COM Page
NOTE: The order of the pages in the NAV Page
Group change when the GNS 530 installation
includes connection to traffic and/or weather
information sources. See the 400/500 Series
Display Interfaces Pilot’s Guide Document
(190-00140-10) or Section 14 of this manual for
more information
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-21
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
Scrolling through the list of frequencies:
1)
2)
Activate the cursor, if not already active, by
pressing the small right knob.
Turn the large right knob to move the cursor
through the list of frequencies. If there are
more frequencies in the list that can be
displayed on the screen, a scroll bar along the
right-hand side of the screen (Figure 3-44)
indicates which part of the list is currently being
displayed.
If a listed frequency has sector or altitude restrictions,
the frequency is preceded by an ‘Info?’ designation.
Viewing usage restrictions for a frequency:
1)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the ‘Info?’ designation directly in front of
the desired frequency (Figure 3-45).
Scroll Bar
Figure 3-45 ‘Info’ Highlighted
2)
Figure 3-44 Scroll Bar
3)
Press the ENT Key to display the restriction
information (Figure 3-46).
To place a frequency in the standby field of the
COM or VLOC Window, highlight the desired
frequency and press the ENT Key.
Some listed frequencies may include designations for
limited usage, as follows:
• ‘TX’ - Transmit only
• ‘RX’ - Receive only
• ‘PT’ - Part time frequency
Figure 3-46 Restriction Information Page
3)
3-22
To return to the NAV/COM Page, press the ENT
Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
3.8 Satellite Status Page
1
The Satellite Status Page provides a visual reference
of GPS receiver functions, including current satellite
coverage, GPS receiver status, and position accuracy.
The Satellite Status Page (Figure 3-47) is helpful in
troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to
poor satellite coverage or installation problems.
As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal
strength bar appears for each satellite in view, with the
appropriate satellite number (01-32) underneath each
bar. The status of satellite reception is shown as follows:
• Solid signal strength bars - The receiver has
collected the necessary data and the satellite(s) is
ready for use.
• Checkered signal strength bars - Excluded
satellites.
The sky view display (at top left corner of the page)
shows which satellites are currently in view, and where
they are. The outer circle of the sky view represents the
horizon (with north at top of the page); the inner circle
45° above the horizon; and the center point directly overhead.
Each satellite has a 30-second data transmission that
must be collected (hollow signal strength bar) before the
satellite may be used for navigation (solid signal strength
bar). Once the GPS receiver has determined the present
position, the GNS 530 indicates position, track, and
ground speed on the other navigation pages. The GPS
receiver status field also displays the messages listed in
Table 3-4 under the appropriate conditions:
190-00181-00 Rev. H
7
4
8
5
9
6
10
• No signal strength bars - The receiver is looking
for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars - The receiver has
found the satellite(s) and is collecting data.
3
2
11
12
13
14
Figure 3-47 Satellite Status Page
1
Sky View
2
GPS Receiver Status
3
4
Estimated Position Error (EPE), Dilution of Precision
(DOP), and Horizontal Uncertainty Level (HUL)
Signal Strength Bars
5
Satellite ID Numbers
6
INTEG Annunciator (flagged when position not valid)
7
Hollow Signal Strength Bar
8
Excluded Satellite
9
Current Time
10
Present Position
11
Current Page Group
12
Number of Pages in Current Page Group
13
Position of Current Page within Current Page Group
14
GPS-calculated Altitude
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
3-23
SECTION 3
NAV PAGES
The Satellite Status Page also indicates the accuracy of the position fix, using Estimated Position Error (EPE), Dilution
of Precision (DOP), and Horizontal Uncertainty Level (HUL) figures. DOP measures satellite geometry quality (i.e.,
number of satellites received and where they are relative to each other) on a scale from one to ten. The lowest numbers
are the best accuracy and the highest numbers are the worst. EPE uses DOP and other factors to calculate a horizontal
position error, in feet or meters. HUL is explained in Section 15.
Searching Sky
Acquiring Sat
2D Navigation
3D Navigation
Poor Coverg
Rcvr Not Usbl
AutoLocate
GPS Receiver Status Messages
The GPS receiver is searching the sky for ANY visible satellites. The
pilot is informed of this status with a ‘Searching the Sky’ message.
The GPS receiver is acquiring satellites for navigation. In this mode,
the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously from
the satellites) and last known position to determine which satellites
should be in view.
The GPS receiver is in 2D navigation mode. Altitude data is provided
by an altitude serializer.
The GPS receiver is in 3D navigation mode and computes altitude
using satellite data.
The GPS receiver cannot acquire sufficient satellites for navigation.
The GPS receiver is unusable due to incorrect initialization or
abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and on again.
The GPS receiver is looking for any available satellite. This process
can take up to five minutes to determine a position.
Table 3-4 GPS Receiver Status Messages
3-24
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
SECTION 4: DIRECT-TO
NAVIGATION
4.1 Overview
The GNS 530’s direct-to function provides a quick
method of setting a course to a destination waypoint.
Once a direct-to is activated, the GNS 530 establishes a
point-to-point course line (great circle) from the present
position to the selected direct-to destination. Navigation
data on the various NAV pages provides steering guidance
until the direct-to is cancelled or replaced by a new
destination.
Figure 4-2 Waypoint Identifier Field Selected
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function (Figure 4-3).
3)
Selecting a direct-to destination:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears (Figure 4-1), with the
waypoint identifier field highlighted.
Figure 4-3 ‘Activate?’ Field Highlighted
When off course while navigating to a waypoint, the
direct-to function may also be used to re-center the CDI
(HSI) needle and proceed to the same waypoint.
Figure 4-1 Select Direct-to Waypoint Page
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the identifier of the desired destination
waypoint (Figure 4-2).
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Re-centering the CDI (HSI) needle to the
same destination waypoint:
Press the Direct-to Key, followed by the ENT
Key twice.
NOTE: When navigating an approach with the
missed approach point (MAP) as the current
destination, re-centering the CDI (HSI) needle
with the Direct-to Key cancels the approach.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
4-1
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Selecting a Destination by Facility Name or
City
In addition to selecting a destination by identifier, the
Select Direct-to Waypoint Page (Figure 4-4) also allows the
pilot to select airports, VORs and NDBs by facility name
or city location. If duplicate entries exist for the entered
facility name or city, additional entries may be viewed
by continuing to turn the small right knob during the
selection process. See Section 7.1, Duplicate Waypoints
for more information.
Figure 4-5 Facility Name Highlighted
3)
Identifier, Symbol,
and Region
Flight Plan
Field
Facility Name
and City
Nearest Airport
Field
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the facility name or city location of the desired
destination waypoint (Figure 4-6). When
spelling the facility name or city, the GNS 530’s
Spell’N’Find™ feature selects the first entry
in the database based upon the characters
entered up to that point.
Figure 4-4 Select Direct-to Waypoint Page
Selecting a direct-to destination by facility
name or city:
4-2
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
facility name (second line) or the city (third
line) field (Figure 4-5).
Figure 4-6 Facility Name Selected
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to scroll
through any additional database listings for the
selected facility name or city. The pilot can also
scroll backwards with the small right knob if
the desired waypoint has been scrolled past .
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Selecting a Destination from the Active Flight
Plan
When navigating an active flight plan, any waypoint
contained in the flight plan may be selected as a direct-to
destination from the Select Direct-to Waypoint Page. See
Section 5, for more information on flight plans.
Selecting a direct-to destination from the
active flight plan:
1)
2)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the flight
plan (FPL) field (Figure 4-7).
Figure 4-8 FPL (Flight Plan) Window
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through the list and highlight the desired
waypoint.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function.
Figure 4-7 Highlighted Flight Plan Field
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
showing all waypoints in the active flight plan
(Figure 4-8).
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
4-3
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Selecting the Nearest Airport as a Direct-to
Destination
The Select Direct-to Waypoint Page always displays the
nearest airports (from the present position) in the NRST
field. Navigating directly to a nearby airport is always just
a few simple steps away. (Nearby airports may also be
selected as direct-to destinations using the steps described
in Section 8.1.)
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to
destination:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
nearest airport (NRST) field.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
showing up to nine nearby airports (Figure 4-9).
Shortcuts
Shortcuts are available when using the Direct-to Key,
allowing the pilot to bypass the use of the small and large
right knobs to enter the destination waypoint’s identifier.
A direct-to can be performed from any page displaying
a single waypoint identifier (such as the WPT pages for
airports and NAVAIDs). For pages that display a list of
waypoints (e.g., the Nearest Airport Page), the desired
waypoint must be highlighted with the cursor before
pressing the Direct-to Key.
Selecting an on-screen waypoint as a
direct-to destination:
1)
If a single airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint is
displayed on-screen (Figure 4-10):
Figure 4-10 Single Waypoint Displayed
Figure 4-9 Nearest Window
4-4
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through the list and highlight the desired
airport.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
airport, and press the ENT Key again to activate
the direct-to function.
a) Press the Direct-to Key
b) Press the ENT Key twice.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
2)
If a list of waypoints is displayed on-screen:
a) Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
b) Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired waypoint (Figure 4-11).
Selecting a Direct-to destination from the Map
Page
Direct-to destinations may also be selected from the
Map Page. If no airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint
exists at the desired location, a waypoint named ‘+MAP’
is automatically created at the location of the panning
pointer.
Selecting a direct-to destination from the
Map Page:
Figure 4-11 Nearest List
1)
From the Map Page, press the small right knob
to display a panning pointer.
2)
Turn the small and large right knobs to place
the panning pointer at the desired destination
location.
3)
If the panning pointer is placed on an existing
airport, NAVAID or user waypoint, the waypoint
name is highlighted (Figure 4-12). Press the
Direct-to Key and the ENT Key twice to
navigate to the waypoint.
c) Press the Direct-to Key followed by the
ENT Key twice.
Figure 4-12 Panning Pointer Placed on Waypoint
4)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
If the panning pointer is placed on an open
location, press the Direct-to Key, then
press the ENT Key twice to create a ‘+MAP’
waypoint and navigate to it.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
4-5
SECTION 4
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Cancelling Direct-to Navigation
3)
Once a direct-to is activated, the GNS 530 provides
navigation guidance to the selected destination until the
direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or flight plan,
cancelled, or the unit is turned off.
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, then turn the large right knob
to highlight the course (‘CRS’) field (Figure
4-14).
Cancelling a direct-to:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key to display the Select
Direct-to Waypoint Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Direct-to
Page Menu (Figure 4-13).
Figure 4-14 CRS (Course) Field Highlighted
4)
Turn the small and large right knobs to select
the desired course (Figure 4-15) and press the
ENT Key.
Figure 4-13 Select Direct-to Page Menu
3)
With ‘Cancel Direct-to NAV?’ highlighted, press
the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the
GNS 530 resumes navigating the flight plan
along the closest leg.
Specifying a Course to a Waypoint
When performing a direct-to, the GNS 530 sets a direct
great circle course to the selected destination. The course
to the destination can also be manually defined using the
‘CRS’ course field on the Select Direct-to Waypoint Page.
Manually defining the direct-to course:
4-6
1)
Press the Direct-to Key.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to select
the destination waypoint.
Figure 4-15 Course Field Selected
5)
Press the ENT Key again to begin navigation
using the selected destination and course.
6)
To re-select a direct course from present
position (or select a new manually-defined
course), simply press the Direct-to Key,
followed by the ENT Key twice.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
SECTION 5: FLIGHT PLANS
The GNS 530 lets the pilot create up to 20 different
flight plans, with up to 31 waypoints in each flight plan.
The Flight Plan Page Group consists of two pages (Active
Flight Plan Page and Flight Plan Catalog Page; Figures 5-1
and 5-2), accessed by pressing the FPL Key. The flight
plan pages allow the pilot to create, edit, and copy flight
plans.
5.1 Flight Plan Catalog Page
The Flight Plan Catalog Page allows the pilot to create,
edit, activate, delete, and copy flight plans. Flight plans
numbered from 1 through 19 are used to save flight plans
for future use. ‘Flight plan 00’ is reserved exclusively
for the flight plan currently in use for navigation. When
a flight plan is activated, a copy of the flight plan is
automatically transferred to ‘flight plan 00’ and overwrites
any previously active flight plan.
Creating a new flight plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page
(Figure 5-2).
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page Menu (Figure 5-3).
Indicates Current Page
Figure 5-1 Active Flight Plan Page
Figure 5-3 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Create
New Flight Plan?’ and press the ENT Key.
Indicates Current Page
Figure 5-2 Flight Plan Catalog Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-1
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
4)
A blank Flight Plan Page appears for the first
empty storage location. Use the small and
large right knobs to enter the identifier of the
departure waypoint and press the ENT Key.
5)
Repeat step 4 to enter the identifier for each
additional flight plan waypoint (Figure 5-4).
Figure 5-5 Flight Plan Page
5)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the new waypoint (Figure 5-6)
and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-4 Flight Plan Page
6)
Once all waypoints have been entered, press
the small right knob to return to the Flight
Plan Catalog Page.
Figure 5-6 Waypoint Identifier Field Selected
Flight Plan Editing
Adding a waypoint to an existing flight
plan:
5-2
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large right knob to select the point to
add the new waypoint. If an existing waypoint
is highlighted, the new waypoint is placed
directly in front of this waypoint (Figure 5-5).
6)
Once all changes have been made, press the
small right knob to return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Page (Figure 5-7).
Figure 5-7 Edited Flight Plan Page
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Deleting a waypoint from an existing flight
plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large right knob to select the
waypoint to be deleted and press the CLR Key
to display a ‘remove waypoint’ confirmation
window (Figure 5-8).
A one-line user comment may be added to any flight
plan, which is displayed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page,
next to the flight plan’s number. By default, as the flight
plan is being created, the comment shows the first and last
waypoints in the flight plan.
Changing the comment line for an existing
flight plan:
1)
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to select the
comment line at the top of the screen.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the new comment (Figure 5-9). Press the ENT
Key when finished.
Figure 5-8 Remove Waypoint Window
5)
With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
remove the waypoint.
6)
Once all changes have been made, press the
small right knob to return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 5-9 Comment Line Selected
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the
small right knob to return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-3
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Activating Flight Plans
Inverting Flight Plans
Once a flight plan is defined through the Flight Plan
Catalog Page (using the steps outlined previously in this
section), it may be activated for navigation. Activating the
flight plan places it into ‘flight plan 00’ and overwrites any
previous information at that location.
After travelling along a flight plan, the pilot may wish
to reverse the route for navigation guidance back to the
original departure point.
Activating an existing flight plan:
1)
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor.
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the MENU Key to
display the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the MENU Key to
display the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
3)
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Flight Plan?’ and press the ENT Key (Figure
5-10).
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Invert &
Activate FPL?’ (Figure 5-11) and press the ENT
Key. The original flight plan remains intact in
its flight plan catalog storage location.
1)
Figure 5-10 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
5-4
Activating an existing flight plan in reverse
order:
Figure 5-11 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Copying Flight Plans
Deleting Flight Plans
To save a flight plan currently located in ‘flight plan
00’, copy it to an open catalog location (1-19) before the
flight plan is cancelled, overwritten, or erased.
When finished with a flight plan, it can easily be
deleted from the Flight Plan Catalog Page or the Active
Flight Plan Page.
Copying a flight plan to another flight plan
catalog location:
1)
2)
3)
Deleting a flight plan:
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Active Flight Plan
Page Menu.
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Active Flight Plan
Page Menu.
2)
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor, turn the
large right knob to highlight the flight plan to
be copied, then press the MENU Key to display
the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor, turn
the large right knob to highlight the flight plan
to be deleted, then press the MENU Key to
display the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Delete
Flight Plan?’ (Figure 5-13) and press the ENT
Key.
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Copy
Flight Plan?’ (Figure 5-12) and press the ENT
Key.
Figure 5-13 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
4)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
delete the flight plan.
Figure 5-12 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
4)
By default, the next empty catalog location is
offered. To select a different location, turn the
large right knob to select the flight plan number,
use the small and large right knobs to enter a
different number and press the ENT Key.
5)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
copy the flight plan.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-5
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Flight Plan Catalog Options
4)
If ‘Manual’ is selected: Turn the large right
knob to select the ‘Transfer’ field, then turn
the small right knob to select the type of
information to transfer between units (active
flight plan, flight plan, all user waypoints or
a single user waypoint). When ‘Flight Plan’
or ‘User Waypoint’ is selected, a second field
appears to the immediate right of the ‘Transfer’
field. Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the number of the flight plan or the name
of the user waypoint to be transferred.
5)
The ‘Cross-Side’ field allows the pilot to
designate the sending and receiving units
in a crossfill operation. Turn the large right
knob to select the ‘Cross-side’ field, then turn
the small right knob to select ‘To’ or ‘From’
(Figure 5-14). Press the ENT Key to confirm
the selection.
6)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Initiate
Transfer?’ (Figure 5-14) and press the ENT
Key. Once ‘Initiate Transfer?’ is selected,
a progress bar at the bottom of the page
indicates the status of the crossfill transfer until
completed.
The following options (some covered on the preceding
pages) are available for the Flight Plan Catalog Page:
• ‘Activate Flight Plan?’ - Allows the pilot to
select the flight plan for navigation guidance, as
described previously in this section.
• ‘Invert & Activate FPL?’ - Allows the pilot to
reverse the highlighted flight plan and select it for
navigation guidance, as described previously in
this section.
• ‘Create New Flight Plan?’ - Allows the pilot to
create a new flight plan, as described previously in
this section.
• ‘Crossfill?’ - Allows the pilot to transfer a Direct-to
destination, the active flight plan, any stored flight
plan or user waypoints to a second 400-Series or
500-Series Garmin unit. Some crossfill operations
can be done automatically. If both units are set
to ‘auto’, a change in the direct-to destination or
active flight plan on one unit is seen on the other.
For additional information, see Section 10.2,
Flight Planning Page: Crossfill.
Crossfilling flight plans between two 400or 500-Series Garmin units:
5-6
1)
Select the ‘Crossfill?’ option from the Flight
Plan Catalog Page Menu (Figure 5-12) and
press the ENT Key.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the
‘Method’ field (Figure 5-13).
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Auto’
or ‘Manual’ and press the ENT Key. ‘Auto’
automatically transfers the active flight plan
or Direct-to selection to another 400- or 500series Garmin unit, without user intervention.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Figure 5-14 Crossfill Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
• ‘Copy Flight Plan?’ - Allows the pilot to copy the
selected flight plan to a new flight plan location,
as described previously in this section. The copy
function is useful for duplicating an existing flight
plan before making changes.
• ‘Delete Flight Plan?’ - Allows the pilot to remove
the selected flight plan from memory, as described
previously in this section. Deleting a flight
plan does not delete the individual waypoints
contained in the flight plan from the database or
user waypoint memory.
• ‘Delete All Flight Plans?’ - Allows the pilot to
remove all flight plans from memory.
• ‘Sort List By Number?’/’Sort List by Comment?’
- Allows the pilot to select between a flight plan
catalog sorted numerically by the flight plan
number or sorted alphanumerically based upon
the comment assigned to each flight plan. When
either option is selected, the other option appears
on the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
Sorting the catalog listing by number or
comment:
1)
Select the ‘Sort List By Number?’ or ‘Sort List
By Comment?’ option (whichever is currently
displayed) from the Flight Plan Catalog Page
Menu (Figure 5-17) and press the ENT Key.
Deleting all flight plans:
1)
Select the ‘Delete All Flight Plans?’ option from
the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu (Figure
5-15) and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-17 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
Figure 5-15 Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu
2)
A confirmation window appears (Figure 5-16).
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-16 Delete All Flight Plans Window
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-7
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
5.2 Active Flight Plan Page
The Active Flight Plan Page provides information
and editing functions for ‘flight plan 00’, the flight plan
currently in use for navigation. When a direct-to or flight
plan has been activated, the Active Flight Plan Page shows
each waypoint for the flight plan (or a single waypoint
for a direct-to, Figure 5-18), along with the desired track
(DTK) and distance (DIS) for each leg.
Figure 5-19 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
Figure 5-18 Active Flight Plan Page
Active Flight Plan Options
The options shown in Table 5-1 are available for the
Active Flight Plan Page.
Accessing the Active Flight Plan Menu Page:
5-8
1)
Press the FPL Key to view the Active Flight Plan
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key (Figure 5-19).
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Activate Leg
Crossfill
Copy Flight Plan
Invert Flight Plan
Delete Flight Plan
Select Approach
Select Arrival
Select Departure
Remove Approach
Remove Arrival
Remove Departure
Closest Point of FPL
Change Fields
Restore Defaults
Active Flight Plan Page Menu Options
Activates/reactivates the flight plan and selects the highlighted leg as the ‘active leg’ (the leg
which is currently used for navigation guidance).
Allows the pilot to transfer the active flight plan between two 400- or 500-series Garmin units
in a dual unit installation. See Section 10.2, Flight Planning: Crossfill for additional information
on this feature.
Copies the active flight plan to a flight plan catalog location, as described previously in this
section. The copy function is useful for duplicating the active flight plan before making changes.
Reverses the active flight plan. See Section 5.1, Activating Flight Plans and Inverting Flight
Plans.
Allows the pilot to remove all waypoints from the selected flight plan, as described previously
in this section. Deleting a flight plan does not delete the waypoints contained in the flight plan
from the database or user waypoint memory.
Allows the pilot to select a published instrument approach for the destination airport, or replace
the current approach with a new selection. (In many cases, it is convenient to select approaches
using the PROC Key as described in Section 6.1.)
Allows the pilot to select a published standard terminal arrival route (STAR) for the destination
airport or replace the current arrival with a new selection (Section 6.1 for information on
selecting arrivals using the PROC Key).
Allows the pilot to select a published standard instrument departure (SID) for the departure
airport or replace the current departure with a new selection. When using a direct-to, the GNS
530 uses the nearest airport as a reference when displaying available departures. See Section
6.1 for information on selecting departures using the PROC Key.
Deletes the currently selected approach from the active flight plan.
Deletes the current STAR from the active flight plan.
Deletes the current SID from the active flight plan.
Calculates the bearing and closest distance that a flight plan passes from a reference waypoint.
May also be used to create a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to
the reference waypoint.
Allows the pilot to select the desired data items to display on the Active Flight Plan Page, as
described in this Section.
Returns the data items to factory defaults, as described in this Section.
Table 5-1 Active Flight Plan Page Menu Options
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-9
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
The data fields for DTK and DIS are user-selectable and
may be changed to display cumulative distance (CUM) to
each waypoint, estimated time of arrival (ETA), estimated
time enroute (ETE), or enroute safe altitude (ESA).
Changing a data field on the Active Flight
Plan Page:
1)
2)
With the Active Flight Plan Page displayed,
press the MENU Key to display the Active Flight
Plan Page Menu.
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Change
Fields?’ (Figure 5-20) and press the ENT Key.
Restoring factory default settings for data
fields on the Active Flight Plan Page:
1)
With the Active Flight Plan Page displayed,
press the MENU Key to display the Active Flight
Plan Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Restore
Defaults?’ and press the ENT Key.
Activating a flight plan along a specific leg:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and turn the large right knob to
highlight the desired destination waypoint.
2)
Press the MENU Key, and select the ‘Activate
Leg?’ option from the Active Flight Plan Page
Menu (Figure 5-22) and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-20 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the field
to be changed.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
data item (Figure 5-21) and press the ENT
Key.
Figure 5-22 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
3)
A confirmation window appears. With
‘Activate?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-21 Select Field Type Window
5)
5-10
Press the small right knob to remove the
cursor.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Selecting an approach for a direct-to or
flight plan destination airport:
1)
Choose the ‘Select Approach?’ option from the
Active Flight Plan Page Menu (Figure 5-23) and
press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-23 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
2)
A window appears listing the available
approaches (Figure 5-24) for the destination
airport. Turn the small right knob to highlight
the desired approach and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-25 Transitions Window
4)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Load?’
or ‘Activate?’ and press the ENT Key. ‘Load?’
adds the approach to the flight plan without
immediately using the approach for navigation
guidance. This allows the pilot to continue
navigating the original flight plan until cleared
for the approach but keeps the approach
available for quick activation when needed.
5)
For precision approaches, a reminder window
appears indicating that GPS guidance on such
approaches is strictly for monitoring only. To
confirm this reminder, highlight ‘Yes?’ and
press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-24 Approach Window
3)
A second window appears listing available
transitions (Figure 5-25) for the approach. Turn
the small right knob to highlight the desired
transition waypoint and press the ENT Key.
(The ‘Vectors’ option assumes the pilot will
receive vectors to the final course segment
of the approach and will provide navigation
guidance to intercept this final course.)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-11
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Selecting an arrival for a direct-to or flight
plan destination airport:
1)
Select the ‘Select Arrival?’ option from the
Active Flight Plan Page Menu (Figure 5-26)
and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-28 Transitions Window
4)
With ‘Load?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Selecting a departure for the departure
airport:
1)
Select the ‘Select Departure?’ option from the
Active Flight Plan Page Menu and press the
ENT Key.
2)
A window appears listing the available
departures for the departure airport. Turn
the small right knob to select the desired
departure and press the ENT Key.
3)
A second window appears listing available
transitions for the departure. Turn the small
right knob to highlight the desired transition
waypoint and press the ENT Key.
4)
With ‘Load?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-26 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
2)
A window appears listing the available arrivals
(Figure 5-27) for the destination airport. Turn
the small right knob to select the desired
arrival and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-27 Arrivals Window
3)
5-12
A second window appears listing available
transitions (Figure 5-28) for the arrival. Turn
the small right knob to highlight the desired
transition waypoint and press the ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Removing an approach, arrival, or
departure from the active flight plan:
1)
Select the ‘Remove Approach?’, ‘Remove
Arrival?’, or ‘Remove Departure?’ option from
the Active Flight Plan Page Menu (Figure 5-29)
and press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-30 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
Figure 5-29 Active Flight Plan Page Menu
2)
2)
A window appears with the reference waypoint
field highlighted. Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the identifier of the
reference waypoint and press the ENT Key.
3)
A confirmation window appears for the
selected reference waypoint (Figure 5-31).
Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
A confirmation window appears listing
the procedure to be removed. With ‘Yes?’
highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Determining the closest point, along the
active flight plan, to a selected waypoint:
1)
Select the ‘Closest Point of FPL?’ option from
the Active Flight Plan Page Menu (Figure 5-30)
and press the ENT Key.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 5-31 Closest Point of Flight Plan Window
4)
The GNS 530 displays the bearing (BRG) and
distance (DIST) to the closest point along the
flight plan, from the selected reference waypoint.
To create a user waypoint at this location and
add it to the flight plan, highlight ‘Load?’ and
press the ENT Key. The name for the new user
waypoint is derived from the identifier of the
reference waypoint.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
5-13
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Shortcuts
A number of shortcuts are available to save time when
using the Active Flight Plan Page. These shortcuts speed
the process of removing approaches, departures and
arrivals, and aid in selecting a specific flight plan leg for
navigation guidance.
On the preceding page, options to remove approaches,
departures, and arrivals were introduced. This process
may also be completed using the CLR Key, described as
follows.
Removing an approach, departure or arrival
using the CLR Key:
1)
With the Active Flight Plan Page displayed,
press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the title
for the approach (Figure 5-32), departure, or
arrival to be deleted. Titles appear in light blue
directly above the procedure’s waypoints.
Figure 5-33 Remove Approach Window
4)
This same process may also be used to remove
individual waypoints from the active flight plan.
Removing a waypoint using the CLR Key:
1)
With the Active Flight Plan Page displayed,
press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
identifier for the waypoint to be deleted.
Identifiers appear in green text.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation
window (Figure 5-34).
Figure 5-32 Highlight Item To Be Deleted
3)
5-14
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation
window (Figure 5-33).
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
remove the selected procedure.
Figure 5-34 Remove Waypoint Window
4)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
remove the selected procedure.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
The ‘Activate Leg?’ option is discussed previously in
this section, which allows the pilot to specify which leg of
the flight plan is used for navigation guidance. A shortcut
also exists for this operation, using the Direct-to Key.
Activating a specific leg of the active flight
plan:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and turn the large right knob to
highlight the desired destination waypoint.
2)
Press the Direct-to Key twice to display an
‘Activate Leg’ confirmation window (Figure
5-35).
When using instrument procedures, this feature can be
used not only to activate a specific point-to-point leg, but
to also activate the procedure turn portion of an approach,
follow a DME arc, or activate a holding pattern.
Any approach, departure, or arrival can be reviewed on
the appropriate airport page in the Waypoint Page Group
(Section 7.1).
Reviewing a procedure while viewing a
flight plan page:
1)
With a flight plan page displayed, press the
small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
procedure header (Figure 5-36).
Figure 5-35 Activate Leg Window
3)
With ‘Activate?’ highlighted, press the ENT
Key.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 5-36 Procedure Header Highlighted
3)
Press the ENT Key to select the WPT Page
Group.
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SECTION 5
FLIGHT PLANS
Blank Page
5-16
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
SECTION 6: PROCEDURES
3)
6.1 Approaches, Departures, and
Arrivals
The GNS 530 allows the pilot to fly non-precision and
precision approaches to airports with published instrument
approach procedures. All available approaches are stored
on the Jeppesen NavData card, and are automatically
updated when the new card is inserted into the GNS 530.
Subscription information for NavData cards is included in
the GNS 530 package.
The Procedures Page (Figure 6-1) is displayed by
pressing the PROC Key. The Procedures Page provides
direct access to approaches, departures, and arrivals,
based on the active flight plan or direct-to destination. In
either case, the departure and destination airports must
have published procedures associated with them.
Selecting an approach, departure, or
arrival:
1)
Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures
Page.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Approach?’, ‘Select Departure?’ or ‘Select
Arrival?’ (Figure 6-1) and press the ENT Key.
A window appears listing the available
procedures (Figure 6-2). Turn the large right
knob to highlight the desired procedure
and press the ENT Key. (When a direct-to
destination is selected, departures are offered
for the nearest airport.)
Figure 6-2 Approach Window
4)
A second window appears listing the available
transitions (Figure 6-3). Turn the large right
knob to highlight the desired transition waypoint
and press the ENT Key. (The approach ‘Vectors’
option assumes the pilot will receive vectors
to the final course segment of the approach
and will provide navigation guidance relative
to the final approach course.)
Figure 6-3 Transitions Window
Figure 6-1 Procedures Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-1
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
5)
6)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Load?’
or ‘Activate?’ (approaches only) and press the
ENT Key. (‘Load?’ adds the procedure to the
flight plan without immediately using it for
navigation guidance. This allows the pilot to
continue navigating the original flight plan, but
keeps the procedure available on the Active
Flight Plan Page for quick activation when
needed.)
For precision approaches and some nonprecision approaches, a reminder window
appears indicating that GPS guidance on such
approaches is strictly for monitoring only; use
the VLOC receivers and external CDI (or HSI) for
primary navigation. To confirm this reminder,
highlight ‘Yes?’ and press the ENT Key.
Not all approaches in the database are approved
for GPS use. When selecting an approach, a ‘GPS’
designation to the right of the procedure name (Figure
6-4) indicates the procedure can be flown using the GPS
receiver. Some procedures do not have this designation,
meaning the GPS receiver may be used for supplemental
navigation guidance only. ILS approaches, for example,
must be flown by tuning the VLOC receiver to the proper
frequency and coupling the VLOC receiver to the external
CDI (or HSI).
Once an approach is selected, it may be activated
for navigation from the Procedures Page. Activating the
approach overrides the ‘enroute’ portion of the active
flight plan, proceeding directly to the ‘approach’ portion
(for a full approach, directly to the initial approach fix).
Activating the approach also initiates automatic CDI
scaling transition as the approach progresses.
Activating an approach:
1)
Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures
Page (Figure 6-5).
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Approach?’ (Figure 6-5) and press the ENT
Key.
Figure 6-5 Procedures Page
Figure 6-4 ‘GPS’ Designations
6-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Another Procedures Page option allows the pilot to
activate the final course segment of the approach. This
option assumes the pilot will receive vectors to the final
approach fix (FAF) and provides guidance to intercept the
final course, before reaching the FAF.
Activating the approach, with vectors to
final:
1)
Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures
Page.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Vector-To-Final?’ (Figure 6-6) and press the
ENT Key.
Figure 6-6 Procedures Page
3)
A confirmation window will appear with ‘Yes?’
highlighted, press the ENT Key.
6.2 Non-Precision Approach
Operations
The GNS 530 provides non-precision approach
guidance using its built-in GPS receiver. The GPS receiver
can also be used as a supplemental aid for precision
approaches (and for non-precision localizer-based
approaches), but the localizer and glideslope receivers
must be used for primary approach course guidance.
Approaches designed specifically for GPS are often
very simple and don’t require overflying a VOR or NDB.
Many non-precision approaches have ‘GPS overlays’ to
let the pilot fly an existing procedure (VOR, VOR/DME,
NDB, RNAV, etc.) more accurately using GPS.
Many overlay approaches are complex (in comparison
to GPS-only approaches). The GNS 530 displays and
provides guidance through each leg of the approach,
automatically sequencing through each of these legs, up
to the missed approach point (MAP). Approaches may
be flown ‘as published’ with the full transition using any
published feeder route or initial approach fix (IAF), or
may be flown with a vectors-to-final transition.
NOTE: The following approach examples are
intended for instructional use only and are not
to be used for navigation.
In many cases, it may be easiest to ‘Load’ the full
approach while still some distance away, enroute to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the
steps above to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’—which
makes the inbound course to the FAF waypoint active.
Otherwise, activate the full approach using the ‘Activate
Approach?’ option.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-3
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
4)
Select Destination
‘Select’ and ‘Load’ the
approach
‘Activate’ the full approach or vectors-to-final,
as appropriate. In some scenarios, it may be
more convenient to immediately activate the
approach and skip the ‘Load’ process outlined
in the preceding step 3. The GNS 530 provides
both options.
Approaches with Procedure Turns
‘Activate’ the
approach
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
The procedure turn portion of an approach is stored
as one of the legs of the approach. For this reason, the
GNS 530 requires no special operations from the pilot
(other than flying the procedure turn itself) beyond what
is required for any other type of approach.

Lynchburg (VA) Regional
VOR or GPS Rwy 03


Figure 6-7 Sample Approach
4
Approach operations on the GNS 530 typically begin
with the same basic steps (refer to Figure 6-7 for the
following steps):
6-4
1)
Select the destination airport using the Directto Key, or as the last waypoint in the active
flight plan.
2)
Choose the ‘Select Approach?’ option from
the Procedures Page (Section 6.1) or from the
Active Flight Plan Page Menu (Section 5.2,
Active Flight Plan Options).
3)
‘Load’ the approach (often while enroute) in
anticipation of its future use. This places the
approach in the active flight plan, but retains
course guidance in the enroute section until
the approach is ‘activated’.
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-8 Sample Approach with Procedure Turn
This example uses the VOR Runway 04 approach for
Lynchburg (Virginia) Regional Airport, KLYH, and assumes
a departure from Frederick (Maryland) Municipal Airport,
KFDK.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
The steps required to set up and fly the approach
are detailed below (refer to Figure 6-8 for the following
steps):
1)
Prior to departing KFDK, the destination (KLYH)
is selected using the Direct-to Key or by
creating a flight plan terminating at Lynchburg
Regional.
2)
While enroute to KLYH, select the ATIS
frequency from the list on the NAV/COM Page
(Section 3.6 and Figure 6-9) and place it in
the standby field of the COM Window. Use
the COM Flip-flop Key to make the ATIS
frequency active.
Figure 6-10 Procedures Page
4)
From the Transitions Window (Figure 6-11),
select LYH VOR (the IAF). Also, select ‘Load?’
to load, but not activate, the approach.
Figure 6-11 Approach and Transitions Windows
5)
Figure 6-9 NAV/COM Page
3)
Press the PROC Key, select ‘Activate Approach?’
and press the ENT Key to activate the
approach.
Press the PROC Key (Figure 6-10) and
select the ‘VOR 04’ approach using
the steps outlined in Section 6.1.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-5
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Flying the Procedure Turn
2)

4

Several miles prior to reaching the IAF (LYH),
the pilot may wish to review the approach
sequence. Press the FPL Key to display the
Active Flight Plan Page. Press the small right
knob, and then turn the large right knob to
review each segment of the approach (Figure
6-14). When finished, press the FPL Key again
to return to the previous page.



DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-12 Sample Approach with Procedure Turn
Refer to Figure 6-12 for the following steps:
1)
Within 30 nm of the destination airport, the
GNS 530 switches from ‘enroute’ mode to
‘terminal’ mode (as indicated in the lower
left corner of the screen, Figure 6-13). The
switch to terminal mode is accompanied by
a gradual Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
scale transition from 5.0 to 1.0 nm, full scale
deflection.
Figure 6-14 Active Flight Plan Page
3)
When approaching the IAF (LYH), a waypoint
alert (‘NEXT DTK 205°’) appears along the
bottom of the screen (Figure 6-15). As the
distance (DIS) to the IAF approaches zero, the
alert is replaced by a turn advisory (‘TURN TO
205°’). Dial the outbound course of 205° into
the CDI (or HSI) using the OBS knob.
Figure 6-13 Terminal Annunciator
Figure 6-15 Waypoint Alert
6-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
4)
Fly the outbound course.
Refer to Figure 6-17 for the following steps:
5)
Approximately one minute after passing the
FAF (LYH), the alert message ‘START PROC
TRN’ appears along the bottom of the screen
(Figure 6-16). Initiate the procedure turn at
any time after receiving this alert message.
6)
Course guidance is provided relative to the
outbound leg from the FAF. No guidance
through the procedure turn itself is given. (The
procedure turn is displayed on the Map Page
and indicated as the active leg on the Default
NAV Page and the Active Flight Plan Page.) The
CDI needle starts moving to the right.
7)
When turning to intercept the inbound course,
the GNS 530 sequences to the inbound leg to
the FAF, the CDI needle swings to the opposite
side to provide proper sensing along the final
course segment and ‘NEXT DTK 025°’ appears
along the bottom of the screen (Figure 6-18).
Figure 6-16 Waypoint Alert
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
4
Figure 6-18 Sequence to Inbound Leg




8)
Turn to the final approach course.
9)
Within 2.0 nm of the FAF (LYH), the GNS 530
switches from terminal mode to ‘approach’
mode (Figure 6-19). CDI scaling is tightened
from 1.0 to 0.3 nm, full scale deflection.

Figure 6-17 Terminal Mode
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 6-19 Approach Annunciator
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-7
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
10) When approaching the FAF, a waypoint alert
(‘NEXT DTK 026°’) appears in the lower
right corner. Make any course adjustments
necessary for the final course segment (FAF to
MAP).
course continues. If a missed approach is
required, use the OBS Key to initiate the missed
approach sequence, as outlined, beginning on
the following page.
11) After crossing the FAF, the destination
sequences to the MAP (‘RW04’, the runway
threshold, see Figure 6-20). Fly toward the
MAP.
Figure 6-21 ‘SUSP’ Annunciation
Flying the Missed Approach
Figure 6-20 Sequence to MAP
NOTE: When viewing the Map Page, note that
the final course segment is displayed in magenta
(the active leg of the flight plan always appears
in magenta) and a dashed line extends the course
beyond the MAP. The dashed line is provided for
situational awareness only and should NOT be
used for navigation. Follow the published missed
approach procedures.
12) When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears in the lower right
corner.
13) After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key (Figure 6-21), indicating that
automatic sequencing of approach waypoints
is suspended at the MAP. A ‘from’ indication
is displayed on the CDI and Default NAV Page,
but course guidance along the final approach
6-8
After passing the MAP, if the runway isn’t in sight the
pilot must execute a missed approach. The GNS 530
continues to give guidance along an extension of the final
course segment (FAF to MAP) until the pilot manually
initiates the missed approach procedure (as mentioned
previously in reference to the ‘SUSP’ advisory).




RW04
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-22 Sequence to MAP
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
The OBS Key is used to initiate the missed approach,
as follows (refer to Figure 6-22 for the following steps):
Press the OBS Key. The missed approach
holding point (MAHP; in this case ‘SWARM’
intersection) is automatically offered as the
destination waypoint.
1)
NOTE: In some cases, an additional hold
waypoint is added to the missed approach
sequence. This additional waypoint is used
as an aid in establishing the holding pattern,
especially where the MAP and MAHP are the
same waypoint.
2)
Follow the missed approach procedures, as
published on the approach plate, for proper
climb and heading instructions. The GNS 530
guides the pilot to the holding pattern, along
the 053° radial from LYH VOR.
3)
An alert message in the lower right-hand corner
of the screen recommends entry procedures for
the holding pattern (i.e., ‘HOLD DIRECT’, ‘HOLD
PARALLEL’, or ‘HOLD TEARDROP’, see Figure
6-23). When flying the holding pattern, a timer
appears on the Default NAV Page. The timer
automatically resets on the outbound side of
the hold when the aircraft is abeam the hold
waypoint. The timer again resets as the aircraft
turns inbound (within approximately 30° of the
inbound course). This allows the pilot to use
standard timing (typically one minute) to fly
the inbound and outbound legs of the hold.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 6-23 ‘Hold Teardrop’ Annunciation
4)
The GNS 530 provides course guidance only
on the inbound side of the holding pattern.
When leaving the holding pattern to re-fly
the approach (or another approach) press the
PROC Key to ‘Select Approach?’ or ‘Activate
Approach?’ as previously described. (Or,
use the Direct-to Key to select another
destination.)
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-9
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Flying an Approach with a Hold
5)
Starting where the previous example left off, assume
weather conditions resulted in a missed approach at
Lynchburg Regional. The pilot has decided to divert to
Farmville Regional (KFVX) instead (refer to Figure 6-24
for the following steps).
From the Transitions Window, select BODRY
intersection as the IAF (Figure 6-25). Also,
select ‘Activate?’ to load and activate the
approach.
   
Figure 6-25 TRANS ‘Transitions’ Window
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
6)
Once the approach has been activated, the
Active Flight Plan Page appears (Figure 6-26).
The pilot may review the approach sequence
by pressing the small right knob and turning
the large right knob. Press the FPL Key to
return to the navigation pages.
Figure 6-24 Approach with Hold
1)
Press the Direct-to Key.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the destination airport’s identifier (KFVX).
3)
Press the ENT Key twice.
This time, the pilot selects the GPS runway 21
approach into Farmville Regional. The GPS runway 21
approach begins with a holding pattern at the IAF, BODRY
intersection.
4)
6-10
Figure 6-26 Active Flight Plan Page
Press the PROC Key and select the ‘GPS
21’ approach. (Section 6.1 for additional
instructions.)
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
 

DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-27 Terminal Mode
Refer to Figure 6-27 for the following steps.
7)
As in the last example, within 30 nm of the
airport, the GNS 530 switches from enroute to
terminal mode, and the CDI scale transitions
from 5.0 to 1.0 nm, full scale deflection.
8)
Just prior to crossing BODRY intersection, a
’HOLD TEARDROP’ alert appears along the
bottom of the screen to suggest the proper
holding pattern entry. (‘HOLD DIRECT’ or
‘HOLD PARALLEL’ may be offered on other
similar approaches.)
9)
As mentioned in the missed approach example,
the Default NAV Page displays a timer during
the holding pattern (Figure 6-28). The timer
can be used to fly the one minute outbound
portion of the holding pattern. (The holding
pattern is displayed on the Map Page and
indicated as the active leg on the Default NAV
Page and the Active Flight Plan Page.)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 6-28 Default NAV Page
10) When crossing the IAF, ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key, indicating that automatic
sequencing of approach waypoints is
temporarily suspended. As the aircraft turns
inbound, ‘SUSP’ is cancelled and the GNS 530
returns to automatic sequencing.
NOTE: If the pilot needs to lose extra altitude
or speed by going around the holding pattern
again, press the OBS Key to manually suspend
waypoint sequencing BEFORE crossing the
holding waypoint the second time. If this
waypoint has already been passed, re-activate
the holding pattern using the steps described in
Section 6.2.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-11
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Figure 6-30 Final Approach
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-29 Approach Mode
Refer to Figure 6-29 for the following steps.
11) When approaching BODRY intersection, a
waypoint alert (’NEXT DTK 209°’) appears
along the bottom of the screen.
12) At 2.0 nm from the FAF (DEPOY intersection),
the GNS 530 switches from terminal mode to
approach mode. CDI scaling is tightened from
1.0 to 0.3 nm, full scale deflection.
14) After crossing the FAF, the destination sequences
to the MAP (‘RW21’, the runway threshold).
With the needle centered, fly toward the MAP,
observing the altitude minimums dictated by
the approach plate. When viewing the Map
Page, note that the final course segment is
displayed in magenta, (the active leg of the
flight plan always appears in magenta) and
a dashed line extends the course beyond the
MAP. Do not follow this extended course.
Instead, follow published missed approach
procedures.
15) When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears in the lower right
corner (Figure 6-31).
13) When approaching the FAF, a waypoint alert
(‘NEXT DTK 209°’) appears in the lower
right corner (Figure 6-30). Make any course
adjustments necessary for the final course
segment (FAF to MAP).
6-12
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Flying a DME Arc Approach
The GPS overlay for a DME arc approach uses
additional Jeppesen-provided waypoints to define the arc.
These waypoints are indicated by ‘D’ as the first letter in
the waypoint name. This is followed by three numbers
which indicate the radial the waypoint lies on. The last
letter indicates the radius of the arc.
Either of the following may be done to intercept the arc
for a DME arc approach:
Figure 6-31 Final Approach
16) After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears
above the OBS Key, indicating that automatic sequencing of approach waypoints is
suspended at the MAP. A ‘from’ indication is
displayed on the CDI and Default NAV Page,
but course guidance along the final approach
course continues. If a missed approach is
required, use the OBS Key to initiate the
missed approach sequence, as outlined in this
section.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• Follow a specified radial inbound to intercept the
IAF.
• Follow ATC vectors which allow the pilot to
intercept the arc at any point along the arc.
NOTE: As this manual was being written, the
letter/number DME arc names were being
replaced with standard five-letter intersection
names. Either naming convention may be used
for an approach.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-13
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Press the PROC Key and select the ‘VOR
22’ approach (Figure 6-34) using the steps
outlined in Section 6.1. From the Transitions
Window, select ‘D258G’ as the IAF. Also, select
‘Load?’ (or ‘Activate?’, if already cleared for the
approach).
2)
 
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-34 Approach Window
Figure 6-32 Enroute Mode
This example is based upon a flight from Hutchinson
(Kansas) Municipal (KHUT) to Billard Municipal (KTOP)
in Topeka, Kansas. The VOR/DME runway 22 approach
is selected, along with ‘D258G’ as the IAF (refer to Figure
6-32 for the following steps).
1)
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION


Select Billard Municipal (KTOP) as the
destination via the Direct-to Key or as the
last waypoint in a flight plan (Figure 6-33).




Billard Muni (Topeka, KS)
VOR or GPS Rwy 22
Figure 6-33 Select Waypoint Page
Figure 6-35 Terminal Mode
6-14
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Refer to Figure 6-35 for the following steps.
3)
Within 30 nm of KTOP, the GNS 530 switches
from enroute mode to terminal mode and the
CDI scale transitions from 5.0 to 1.0 nm, full
scale deflection.
4)
If the approach has not yet been activated
(in step 2 above), do so when cleared for the
approach (Figure 6-36).
6)
Follow the arc, when the course select setting
and desired track differ by more than 10°, a
‘Set course to ###°’ message appears on the
Message Page (Figure 6-37).
Figure 6-37 Message Window
7)
The next point in the approach is an intermediate
fix, labeled ‘D025G’. When approaching this
intermediate fix, a waypoint alert (‘NEXT DTK
205°’) appears along the bottom of the screen.
As the distance to this fix approaches zero, the
alert is replaced by a turn advisory (‘TURN TO
205°’). Dial this course into the CDI (or HSI)
using the OBS knob.
8)
At 2.0 nm from the FAF (TOP VOR), the GNS
530 switches from terminal mode to approach
mode. CDI scaling is tightened from 1.0 to 0.3
nm, full scale deflection.
Figure 6-36 Procedures Page
5)
When approaching the IAF (D258G), a waypoint
alert (‘NEXT DTK 353°’) appears along the
bottom of the screen. As the distance (DIS) to
the IAF approaches zero, the alert is replaced
by a turn advisory (‘TURN TO 353°’).
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-15
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Refer to Figure 6-38 for the following steps.
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION


10) After crossing the FAF, the destination
sequences to the MAP (‘RW22’, the runway
threshold). With the needle centered, fly
toward the MAP, observing the altitude
minimums dictated by the approach plate.
When viewing the Map Page, note that the final
course segment is displayed in magenta (the
active leg of the flight plan always appears in
magenta) and a dashed line extends the course
beyond the MAP.
11) When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears in the lower right
corner (Figure 6-40).
Figure 6-38 Approach Mode
9)
When approaching the FAF, ‘NEXT DTK 214°’
appears along the bottom of the screen (Figure
6-39). Select this course on the CDI (or HSI)
using the OBS knob.
Figure 6-39 Final Approach Fix
6-16
Figure 6-40 Waypoint Alert
12) After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears
above the OBS Key, indicating that automatic
sequencing of approach waypoints is suspended
at the MAP. A ‘from’ indication is displayed on
the CDI and Default NAV Page, but course
guidance along the final approach course
continues. Do not follow this extended course.
Follow published missed approach procedures
using the OBS Key to initiate the missed
approach sequence, as outlined in ‘Flying the
Missed Approach’ in this section.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Vectors to Final
Take a second look at the ‘VOR 22’ approach into
Billard Municipal. Instead of following the DME arc, ATC
tells the pilot to expect vectors onto the final approach
course. There are several ways to select ‘vectors to final’
with the GNS 530. The first two options below normally
require the least workload to accomplish:
• When the approach is first selected, choose
‘VECTORS’ from the Transitions Window.
Selecting ‘VECTORS’ from the Transitions
Window:
1)
Select Billard Municipal (KTOP) as the
destination, using the Direct-to Key, or as the
last waypoint in a flight plan.
2)
Press the PROC Key and select the ‘VOR 22’
approach using the steps outlined in Section
6.1.
3)
From the Transitions Window, select ‘VECTORS’
(Figure 6-41).
• Load a full approach (including the IAF from the
Transitions Window) as described in Section 6.1.
When cleared, press the PROC Key and select
‘Activate Vectors-To-Final?’.
• Load the full approach as described in Section
6.1. Use the Direct-to Key (by pressing it twice)
from the Active Flight Plan Page to select the
desired leg of the approach.
Figure 6-41 Transitions Window
4)
Select ‘Load?’ (or ‘Activate?’, if already cleared
for the approach).
Activating vectors-to-final from the
Procedures Page:
190-00181-00 Rev. H
1)
Select Billard Municipal (KTOP) as the
destination, using the Direct-to Key or as the
last waypoint in a flight plan.
2)
Press the PROC Key and select the ‘VOR 22’
approach using the steps outlined in Section
6.1.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-17
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
3)
From the Transitions Window, select ‘D258G’
as the IAF. Also, select ‘Load?’.
4)
When cleared, press the PROC Key and select
‘Activate Vector-To-Final?’ (Figure 6-42).
DO NOT USE FOR NAVIGATION




Figure 6-42 Procedures Page
Flying the Vectors Approach
With ‘vectors to final’ selected, the CDI needle remains
off center until the aircraft is established on the final
approach course. With the approach activated, the Map
Page displays an extension of the final approach course in
magenta (magenta is used to depict the active leg of the
flight plan) and ‘VTF’ appears as part of the active leg on
the Default NAV Page (as a reminder that the approach
was activated with vectors-to-final).
6-18
Figure 6-43 Terminal Mode
In this example, assume ATC vectors result in a
rectangular course to intercept final, as follows (refer to
Figure 6-43 for the following steps):
1)
Within 30 nm of KTOP, the GNS 530 switches
from enroute mode to terminal mode and the
CDI scale transitions from 5.0 to 1.0 nm, full
scale deflection.
2)
If the approach has not already been activated,
activate the approach (with vectors-to-final,
Figure 6-44). This allows the GNS 530 to
provide guidance to the final approach
course.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES



Figure 6-44 Procedures Page
3)
4)
5)

ATC instructs the pilot to turn left to a heading
of 025°. This places the aircraft parallel to the
final approach course in the opposite direction.
CDI needle deflection is to the left.
ATC instructs the pilot to turn right to a heading
of 115°.
ATC instructs the pilot to turn right to a heading
of 175° to intercept the final approach course.
When converging with the final approach course
the needle moves toward the center. (In Figure
6-45, the needle has not yet returned to the
on-screen CDI, since the current position is still
1.7 nm right of the final approach course.)

DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-46 Approach Mode
Refer to Figure 6-46 for the following steps.
6)
At 2.0 nm from the FAF (TOP VOR), the GNS
530 switches from terminal mode to approach
mode (Figure 6-47). CDI scaling is tightened
from 1.0 to 0.3 nm, full scale deflection.
Figure 6-47 Approach Mode
7)
Figure 6-45 CDI Moves Toward Center
190-00181-00 Rev. H
When approaching the FAF, a waypoint alert
(‘NEXT DTK 214°’) appears in the lower right
corner.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
6-19
SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
8)
When crossing the FAF, the destination
sequences to the MAP (‘RW22’).
9)
When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears in the lower right
corner.
10) After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key (Figure 6-48), indicating that
automatic sequencing of approach waypoints
is suspended at the MAP. A ‘from’ indication
is displayed on the CDI and Default NAV Page,
but course guidance along the final approach
course continues. Do not follow this extended
course. Follow published missed approach
procedures using the OBS Key to initiate the
missed approach sequence, as outlined in this
section.
Course From Fix Flight Plan Legs
Certain approach, departure, and arrival procedures
in the Jeppesen database contain course from fix flight
plan legs. The GNS 530 is able to load these legs into the
flight plan along with the rest of the procedure data, and
provide navigation along these legs.
There are three different types of course from fix legs:
• Course from fix to distance, or Course from fix to
DME distance
• Course from fix to altitude
• Course from fix to manual sequence
Course from fix to distance legs appear in the flight
plan like normal waypoints, but the destination name always begins with a ‘D’, followed by a distance in nm from
the waypoint fix.
Palmdale (CA) AF Plant 42
VOR/DME or GPS Rwy 25








DO NOT USE FOR NAVIGATION
Figure 6-49 KPMD Approach
Figure 6-48 ‘SUSP’ Annunciator
This example uses the VOR/DME RWY 25 approach into
Palmdale, California (KPMD) and includes a teardrop course
reversal (refer to Figure 6-49 for the following steps).
1)
6-20
At the initial approach fix (PMD), a waypoint
alert (‘NEXT DTK 070°’) appears along the
bottom of the screen. As the distance to the
IAF approaches zero, the alert is replaced by a
turn advisory (‘TURN TO 070°’, Figure 6-50).
Dial the outbound course into the CDI (or HSI)
using the OBS knob.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Figure 6-50 Waypoint Alert, Default NAV Page
2)
3)
Fly the ‘course from fix to distance’ leg, as
shown on the Active Flight Plan Page and the
Default NAV Page. Note the magenta line in
Figure 6-51, which represents the currently
active leg of the approach. The distance (DIS)
displayed on the above screens is TO the
‘D13.0’ point. The flight plan automatically
sequences to the next leg upon reaching
‘D13.0’.
At 13.0 nm from the FAF, a waypoint alert
(‘NEXT DTK 265°’) appears along the bottom
of the screen (Figure 6-51). Turn to intercept
the final approach course and watch for the
CDI needle to begin to center.
4)
When approaching the intermediate fix (CF25),
a waypoint alert (‘NEXT DTK 265°’) appears.
5)
Within 2.0 nm of the FAF (THERO), the GNS
530 switches from terminal mode to approach
mode. (‘APR’ appears in the lower left corner
of the screen—replacing ‘TERM’.) CDI scaling
is tightened from 1.0 to 0.3 nm, full scale
deflection.
6)
When approaching the FAF, ‘NEXT DTK 265°’
appears along the bottom of the screen.
7)
After crossing the FAF, the destination
sequences to the MAP (MA25).
8)
When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears along the bottom
of the screen.
9)
After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key (Figure 6-52), indicating that
automatic sequencing of approach waypoints
is suspended at the MAP. If a missed approach
is required, use the OBS Key to initiate the
missed approach sequence, as outlined
below.
Figure 6-52 ‘SUSP” Annunciation
Figure 6-51 Waypoint Alert, Map Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Course from fix to altitude legs show the specific
target altitude on the Active Flight Plan Page and the
Default NAV Page. The missed approach sequence for the
Palmdale VOR/DME RWY 25 approach includes a course
from fix to altitude leg.
MISSED APPROACH:
Palmdale (CA) AF Plant 42
VOR/DME or GPS Rwy 25

1)
After crossing the MAP, press the OBS Key.
The missed approach sequence is automatically
offered, starting with the course from fix
to altitude leg. The ‘NEXT DTK 282°’ alert
appears along the bottom of the screen.
2)
Note that within a few seconds of pressing the
OBS Key to release suspend mode and start
the approach sequence, ‘SUSP’ re-appears
above the OBS Key as the GNS 530 returns
to suspend mode (Figure 6-54). This is normal
when flying a course from fix to altitude leg
and indicates that automatic leg sequencing
is suspended.



DO NOT USE FOR NAVIGATION
MISSED APPROACH
Climb to 5000’
outbound via PMD VOR
R-282, then climbing
RIGHT turn to 7000’ direct
PMD VOR and hold.
Figure 6-53 Palmdale Missed Approach
In this instance, the leg corresponds to the initial phase
of the missed approach, which reads ‘Climb to 5000’
outbound via PMD VOR R-282’. Refer to Figure 6-53 for
the following steps.
6-22
Figure 6-54 ‘SUSP’ Annunciation
3)
Fly the outbound course. The Map Page depicts
the flight path extending indefinitely from PMD
VOR. The distance (DIS) on the Default NAV
Page, the Map Page, and the Active Flight Plan
Page increases, indicating the distance back to
PMD VOR.
4)
Upon reaching the desired altitude (5000’),
press the OBS Key to return to automatic leg
sequencing. Confirm that ‘SUSP’ no longer
appears directly above the OBS Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
5)
An alert (‘NEXT DTK 119°’) appears, providing
guidance to the inbound course (Figure 6-55)
The actual desired track (DTK) depends on
ground speed and distance from PMD VOR.
Intercept and fly the inbound course.
7)
Note that the GNS 530 again displays ‘SUSP’
above the OBS Key. Automatic waypoint
sequencing is suspended at the missed
approach holding point. A waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears along the bottom
of the screen each time the aircraft approaches
PMD VOR in the holding pattern.
8)
When leaving the holding pattern, press the
PROC Key to reactivate the approach, or select
a different approach, or press the Direct-to
Key to select another destination.
Figure 6-55 Waypoint Alert
6)
When approaching PMD VOR (the missed
approach holding point), an alert message in
the lower right-hand corner (Figure 6-56) of
the screen recommends the holding pattern
entry procedure (‘HOLD PARALLEL’). When
flying the holding pattern, a timer appears on
the Default NAV Page. The timer automatically
resets on each outbound and inbound portion
of the holding pattern.
Figure 6-56 Waypoint Alert
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Course from fix to manual sequence legs appear on the
Active Flight Plan Page and the Map Page with ‘man seq’
in place of a waypoint identifier. An example of this type
of course leg appears in the COASTAL ONE DEPARTURE
from Westfield, Massachusetts (Barnes Muni). The
example leg corresponds to the departure leg from Barnes
Municipal and appears (as in Figure 6-68) on the Active
Flight Plan Page and the Default NAV Page:
COASTAL ONE DEPARTURE
(CSTL1.CCC)
DEPARTING BARNES MUNI,
Fly assigned heading and altitude
for radar vectors to HFD
VOR. Expect clearance to
requested flight level 10
minutes after departure. From
over HFD VOR, proceed via the HFD R-143 to
Thumb Int,
then via the HTO R-010 to
Yoder Int, then via the CCC
R-057 to CCC VOR.
Then via transition
or assigned
route.

Refer to Figure 6-57 for the following steps.
1)
Select the departure (CSTL1) from the
Procedures Page, then select the departure
runway, (RW02 in this example) and transition
(GEDIC). Refer to Section 6.1 for instructions
on selecting departures.
2)
When departing the airfield, ‘NEXT DTK 026°’
appears along the bottom of the screen and
‘SUSP’ appears directly above the OBS Key,
which indicates the aircraft is now on the
‘course from fix to manual sequence’ leg. The
distance displayed on the Active Flight Plan
Page, the Default NAV Page (Figure 6-58), and
the Map Page is FROM the waypoint fix (the
departure runway in this example).



Figure 6-58 Waypoint Alert
DO NOT USE
FOR NAVIGATION
3)
Figure 5-57 Coastal One Departure
6-24
Fly the outbound course. When cleared to
sequence to the next leg, press the OBS Key.
Confirm that ‘SUSP’ no longer appears directly
above the OBS Key. An alert (‘NEXT DTK
185°’) appears along the bottom of the screen
(Figure 6-59) to provide guidance to the next
waypoint (HFD VOR). The actual desired track
(DTK) depends on ground speed and distance
from HFD VOR.
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
6.3 ILS Approaches
Figure 6-59 Waypoint Alert
4)
When the OBS Key is pressed, the GNS 530
automatically sequences to each waypoint
along the remainder of the departure route,
including the selected transition.
Precision approaches can be performed with the GNS
530’s built-in VLOC (VOR/localizer/glideslope) receivers.
The GPS receiver can be used for guidance prior to
reaching the final approach fix, but once there, the proper
frequency must be selected on the VLOC Window (left
side of screen) and the CDI output set to ‘VLOC’.
The GNS 530 can be set to automatically switch the
external CDI output from GPS to VLOC (Figure 6-60)
as the pilot intercepts the final approach course. When
the ILS approach is activated, the GNS 530 automatically
switches within 1.2 nm left or right of the final approach
course. This switch can take place anywhere from 2.0 to
15.0 nm from the FAF.
Figure 6-60 GPS and VLOC Annunciations
Figure 6-61 shows multiple locations along the
approach path and the expected CDI selection: GPS or
VLOC. The automatic switch from GPS to VLOC should
occur within the area of the shaded box.
The automatic switch from GPS to VLOC occurs
gradually to prevent abrupt CDI changes when coupled
to an autopilot. The CDI selection can also be changed
manually by pressing the CDI Key. Once the switch
from GPS to VLOC has occurred, either automatically or
manually, it does not automatically switch again until the
approach is reactivated or another approach is selected.
To prevent automatic ILS CDI selection, choose the
‘Manual’ ILS CDI setting, as described in Section 10.4
‘CDI Scale/Alarms’. (The factory default setting is ‘Auto’,
which enables the automatic switch to VLOC.)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
NOTE: When intercepting the approach course
at a distance less than 2.0 nm from the FAF,
the GNS 530 does not automatically switch the
CDI to VLOC. In this case, press the CDI Key to
manually switch from GPS to VLOC.
1.2NM
1.2NM
15NM
Selecting an ILS Approach
This example uses a flight from Laughlin Bullhead
(Arizona) International to Flagstaff Pulliam (KFLG) and
selects the ILS runway 21 approach. ‘SHUTR’ intersection
is selected as the IAF, which includes an outbound leg and
a procedure turn. Of course, vectors-to-final could also
be selected, as previously described for the non-precision
approach examples (refer to Figure 6-62 for the following
steps).
Flagstaff (AZ) Pulliam
ILS DME Rwy 21
GPS
VLOC
GPS
VLOC


2NM
MANUAL
FAF
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-62 ILS Approach, Flagstaff
Figure 6-61 ILS Approach
6-26
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
1)
Select Flagstaff Pulliam (KFLG) as the
destination, using the Direct-to Key or as
the last waypoint in a flight plan.
2)
Press the PROC (Figure 6-63) Key and select
the ‘ILS 21’ approach using the steps outlined
in Section 6.1.
3)
From the Transitions Window, select ‘SHUTR’
as the IAF (Figure 6-64). Also, select ‘Load?’
(or ‘Activate?’, if already cleared for the
approach).
Figure 6-64 Transitions Window
4)
Figure 6-63 Procedures Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
A reminder message appears, indicating that
GPS can only be used for approach monitoring.
As mentioned, the VLOC receiver must be
used for this approach. Press the ENT Key to
acknowledge the message.
When an ILS approach is loaded or activated, the ILS
frequency is automatically placed in the standby field of
the VLOC Window. To use this frequency, press the VLOC
Flip-flop Key to place it in the active frequency field.
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Flying the ILS Approach
When ‘Activate?’ is selected for an ILS approach,
automatic switching of the external CDI is enabled (unless
turned off from the CDI/Alarms Page). Once established
on the inbound course to the FAF, the external CDI
guidance automatically switches from ‘GPS’ (shown in
green text) to ‘VLOC’ (shown in white text). If the pilot
has forgotten to activate the ILS frequency (step 4 below),
automatic selection of ‘VLOC’ does not occur (refer to
Figure 6-65 for the following steps).
1)
Within 30 nm of KFLG, the GNS 530 switches
from enroute mode to terminal mode and the
CDI scale transitions from 5.0 to 1.0 nm, full
scale deflection.
2)
If the approach has not yet been activated,
(in steps on the preceding page), do so when
cleared for the approach.
3)
When approaching the IAF (SHUTR), a
waypoint alert (‘NEXT DTK 030°’) appears
along the bottom of the screen (Figure 6-66).
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION





Figure 6-66 Waypoint Alert
Figure 6-65 Terminal Mode
6-28
4)
Press the VLOC Flip-flop Key to activate the
ILS frequency. If this step is forgotten, the GNS
530 displays a reminder message (within 3 nm
of the FAF) to activate the ILS frequency.
5)
As the distance (DIS) to the IAF approaches
zero, the alert is replaced by a turn advisory
(‘TURN TO 030°’).
6)
Fly the outbound course.
7)
Approximately one minute past SHUTR
intersection, the alert message ‘START PROC
TRN’ (Figure 6-67) appears along the bottom
of the screen (if the pilot has not yet begun the
procedure turn).
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
Refer to Figure 6-68 for the following steps.
8)
Initiate the procedure turn. The GNS 530 does
not provide guidance through the turn. (The
procedure turn is displayed on the Map Page
and indicated as the active leg on the Default
NAV Page and the Active Flight Plan Page.)
9)
After approximately one minute, make a turn
to intercept the ILS. The GNS 530 sequences
to the inbound leg and ‘NEXT DTK 210°’
appears along the bottom of the screen. CDI
coupling automatically switches from the GPS
receiver to the VLOC (Figure 6-69) receiver as
the pilot completes the inbound turn. (If the ILS
frequency has not been activated, per step 4,
this automatic CDI switching does not occur.)
Figure 6-67 Alert Message



DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-69 Switches to VLOC
10) Turn to track the ILS approach course.
Figure 6-68 ILS Approach Course
190-00181-00 Rev. H
NOTE: From this point on, primary navigation
is provided by the VLOC receiver. The pilot may
continue to use the GPS receiver for supplemental
navigation guidance only. ALSO, when using an
external CDI (not an HSI), expect reverse sensing
when flying outbound on the approach course
or when flying a backcourse approach.
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
11) When approaching the FAF (SHUTR), ‘0.30nm’
appears in the lower left corner of the screen
(Figure 6-70) indicating a CDI scale transition
from 1.0 to 0.3 nm, full scale deflection. (This
scale transition applies only to the Default NAV
Page’s on-screen CDI, since the external CDI or
HSI is now coupled to the VLOC receiver. GPS
approach mode is not activated for precision
approaches, since the VLOC receiver must be
used for primary navigation.)
DO NOT USE FOR
NAVIGATION
Figure 6-70 CDI Scale Transition
Figure 6-71 Final Approach, Flagstaff
Refer to Figure 6-71 for the following steps.
12) When approaching SHUTR, a waypoint alert
(‘NEXT DTK 210°’) appears along the bottom
of the screen.
13) After crossing SHUTR, the destination sequences
to the MAP (‘RW21’, the runway threshold). Fly
toward the MAP. (When viewing the Map Page,
note that the final course segment is displayed
in magenta (the active leg of the flight plan
always appears in magenta), and a dashed
line extends the course beyond the MAP.)
6-30
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
14) When approaching the MAP, a waypoint alert
(‘APPRCHING WPT’) appears in the lower right
corner (Figure 6-72).
Figure 6-73 ‘SUSP’ Annunciation
Figure 6-72 Waypoint Alert
15) After crossing the MAP, ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key (Figure 6-73), indicating that
automatic sequencing of approach waypoints
is suspended at the MAP. A ‘FROM’ indication
is displayed on the CDI and Default NAV Page,
but course guidance along the final approach
course continues. Do not follow this extended
course. Follow published missed approach
procedures, using the OBS Key to initiate the
missed approach sequence.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
NOTE: In addition to using the OBS Key to
initiate the missed approach sequence, the
CDI Key may be used to manually switch the
external CDI output to the GPS receiver. ‘GPS’
is indicated above the CDI Key. If the pilot leaves
the CDI output on ‘VLOC’ and the pilot is using an
external CDI (not an HSI), expect reverse sensing
on the backcourse of the ILS.
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
6.4 Points to Remember for All
Approaches
• The GNS 530 is designed to complement printed
approach plates and vastly improve situational
awareness throughout the approach. However,
the pilot must always fly an approach as it appears
on the approach plate.
• The active leg (or the portion of the approach
currently in use) is depicted in magenta on the
Map Page. When flying the approach, the GNS
530 automatically sequences through each leg
of the approach unless ‘SUSP’ appears above
the OBS Key. ‘SUSP’ indicates that automatic
sequencing of approach waypoints is suspended
on the current leg and normally appears at
holding patterns and upon crossing the missed
approach point (MAP).
Points to Remember for Localizer-based
Approaches
• The default factory setting allows the CDI output
to automatically switch from the GPS receiver
to the VLOC receiver. If the ‘ILS CDI Capture’
setting is changed to ‘Manual’, the pilot must
determine when to select GPS or VLOC guidance
during the approach. Remember, VLOC is
required for the final course segment from final
approach fix (FAF) to MAP.
• If the CDI output has not automatically switched
from GPS to ILS by 2.0 nm prior to the FAF, the
pilot must manually switch to the VLOC receiver
by pressing the CDI Key. Verify that ‘VLOC’ is
displayed directly above the CDI Key.
• Automatic switching of CDI output is available
for ILS, localizer, SDF, and LDA approaches.
Automatic CDI switching is not available for
backcourse approaches.
• When flying an approach with the autopilot
coupled, the pilot must monitor system functions
at all times and verify that the autopilot and
external CDI (or HSI) switches to the VLOC
receiver with sufficient time to capture and track
the approach course. Switching to VLOC late
in the approach may not provide the autopilot
enough time to respond and intercept the
approach course prior to the FAF (depending
upon the performance characteristics of the
autopilot and aircraft). In such cases, the pilot
should manually fly the approach or refer to the
documentation provided with the autopilot.
6-32
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SECTION 6
PROCEDURES
• When an ILS approach is first selected and
‘loaded’ (or ‘activated’), the ILS frequency is
automatically placed in the standby field. In
order to fly the final course segment of the ILS
approach, the pilot must place the ILS frequency
in the active frequency field by pressing the
VLOC Flip-flop Key. If this is not done, a ‘Select
appropriate frequency for approach’ message
appears within 3.0 nm of the FAF.
• When flying a localizer-based approach (other
than backcourse) with automatic CDI switching
enabled:
1. GPS guidance is used while flying
outbound and on the initial portion of
the procedure turn.
2. VLOC guidance is used on the remainder
of the approach from the time the pilot
turns inbound on the procedure turn.
3. The localizer frequency must be active
to use VLOC guidance.
• When flying a localizer-based approach with
automatic CDI switching disabled:
1. The pilot may select VLOC guidance
at any point on the approach prior to
reaching the FAF.
2. The localizer frequency must be active to
use VLOC guidance.
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PROCEDURES
Blank Page
6-34
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
SECTION 7: WPT PAGES
Quickly selecting a WPT page:
1)
From any page, press and hold the CLR Key to
select the Default NAV Page (this step may be
skipped if the unit is already displaying any of
the main pages.)
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the WPT
Page Group. ‘WPT’ appears along the bottom
of the screen.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
WPT page.
7.1 WPT Page Group
Section 3.1 introduced the GNS 530’s main page groups
(Table 7-1)—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST—and described
each page in the NAV group. This second page group
(WPT) provides information for the thousands of airports,
VORs, NDBs, intersections, runways, frequencies, and
procedures stored on the Jeppesen NavData card. A WPT
page is also provided to display information for up to
1,000 user-created waypoints.
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group NRST Group
see Section 3 10 WPT Pages see Section 10 see Section 8
Table 7-1 Page Groups
Airport Location Airport Runway Airport Frequency Airport Approach
Airport Arrival Airport Departure
VOR
Intersection
NDB
NOTE: The GNS 530 uses International Civil
Aviation Organization (ICAO) identifiers for all
airports. All U.S. airport identifiers which contain
only letters use the prefix ‘K’. For example, Los
Angeles International is KLAX under the ICAO
standard. Other airports, such as Otten Memorial
(3VS), that contain numbers in the identifier, do
not require the ‘K’ prefix. Many foreign countries
use two letter prefixes.
The WPT Page Group includes ten pages (Figure
7-1). While viewing any WPT page, turn the small right
knob to select a different WPT page. The first six pages
provide detailed information for the selected airport:
location, runways, frequencies, approaches, arrivals, and
departures. The last four pages provide information for
intersections, NDBs, VORs, and user-created waypoints.
After a WPT page is selected, information for a waypoint
may be viewed by entering the identifier (or name) of the
desired waypoint. Airports, NDBs, and VORs may be
selected by identifier, facility name, or location (city).
User Waypoint
Figure 7-1 WPT Pages
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Entering a waypoint identifier:
1)
Select the desired WPT page and press the
small right knob to activate the cursor.
Entering a waypoint facility name or city
location:
1)
Select the Airport Location Page, NDB Page
or VOR Page from the WPT Page Group (as
described on the preceding page).
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the first
character of the waypoint’s identifier.
3)
Turn the large right knob to select the next
character field.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
character (Figure 8-2).
3)
Turn the large right knob to select the facility
name or location (city) field.
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
character (Figure 7-3).
Figure 7-2 Waypoint Identifier Selected
7-2
5)
Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the identifier is
selected, then press the ENT Key.
6)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
Figure 7-3 Facility Location Field Selected
5)
Turn the large right knob to select the next
character field.
6)
Repeat steps 4 and 5 until the facility name or
location is selected, then press the ENT Key .
7)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Duplicate Waypoints
3)
Once the identifier, facility name, or location is
entered, all six airport pages display information for the
selected airport. When entering an identifier, facility
name, or location, the GNS 530’s Spell’N’Find feature
scrolls through the database, displaying those waypoints
matching the characters that have been entered to that
point. If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility
name or location, additional entries may be viewed
by continuing to turn the small right knob during the
selection process. If duplicate entries exist for an entered
identifier, a Duplicate Waypoint Window appears when
the identifier is selected (by pressing the ENT Key).
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through any additional database listings
(Figure 7-6) for the selected facility name or
location. Scroll backwards with the small right
knob if the desired facility name or location
has been scrolled past.
Selecting a facility name or location where
duplicate entries exist:
1)
2)
Select the desired facility name or location,
following the preceding steps under ‘To enter
a waypoint facility name or city location’.
When spelling the facility name or location,
using the small and large right knobs, the GNS
530’s Spell’N’Find feature selects the first entry
(Figure 7-4) in the database based upon the
characters entered up to that point.
Figure 7-5 Last Facility for Charlotte
4)
Press the ENT Key to select the desired facility
name or location.
5)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
Figure 7-4 First Facility for Charlotte
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Selecting a waypoint identifier from a list
of duplicates:
1)
Select the desired airport or NAVAID identifier
following the preceding steps under ‘To enter
a waypoint facility name or city location’.
2)
A Duplicate Waypoints Window appears (Figure
7-6). Turn the large right knob to select the
desired waypoint and press the ENT Key.
7.2 Airport Location Page
The Airport Location Page (Figure 7-7) displays the
latitude, longitude, and elevation of the selected airport.
The Airport Location Page also displays facility name and
location, as well as fuel availability, available approaches,
radar coverage, and airspace type.
To view location information for a particular airport
on the Airport Location Page, enter the airport’s identifier
per Section 7.1.
4
3
5
2
6
1
7
Figure 7-6 Duplicate Waypoints Window
3)
7-4
8
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
9
Figure 7-7 Airport Location Page
1
Best Available Approach
2
Position (Latitude/Longitude)
3
Facility Name and Location (City)
4
Airport Identifier, Symbol, and Type
5
Field Elevation and Available Fuels
6
Radar Coverage and Airspace Type
7
Position of Current Page within Current Page
Group
8
Current Page Group
9
Number of Pages in Current Page Group
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The following descriptions and abbreviations are
used:
Selecting an Airport Location Page Menu
Option:
• Type - Usage type: Public, Heliport, Military, or
Private
1)
With a Flight Plan active, select the Airport
Location Page.
• Position - Latitude/Longitude (degrees/minutes or
degrees/minutes/seconds), MGRS, or UTM/UPS
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Location Page Menu.
• Elevation - In feet or meters
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Next FPL Apt?’ or ‘Select Destination Apt?’ and
press the ENT Key (Figure 7-8).
• Fuel - For public-use airports, the available fuel
type(s) are: Avgas (80-87/100LL/100-130/Mogas),
Jet, or None
• Approach - Best available approach: ILS, MLS,
LOC, LDA, SDF, GPS, VOR, RNAV (‘RNV’),
LORAN (‘LOR’), NDB, TACAN (‘TCN’),
Helicopter (‘HEL’), or VFR
• Radar - Radar coverage: Yes or No
• Airspace - Control environment: Class B, Class C,
Class D, CTA, TMA, TRSA, or none
NOTE: Upon active navigation changes, the
active destination airport is used as the default
airport on the WPT pages. Manual selection of
the destination airport is available from the page
menu.
Figure 7-8 Airport Location Page Menu
4)
The Airport Location Page displays information
regarding the next Flight Plan or Destination
Airport.
Airport Location Page Options
The following options are available for the Airport
Location Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the location information for the next
airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows
the pilot to view the location information for the
active flight plan destination airport.
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7.3 Airport Runway Page
3)
The Airport Runway Page (Figure 7-9) displays runway
designations, length, surface type, and lighting for the
selected airport. A map image of the runway layout and
surrounding area is also displayed on the Airport Runway
Page. The map image range appears in the lower left
corner and is adjustable using the RNG Key. For airports
with multiple runways, information for each runway is
available.
To view runway information for a particular airport on
the Airport Runway Page, enter the airport’s identifier per
Section 7.1.
Airport Identifier,
Symbol, and Type
Turn the small right knob to display a window
listing all runways for the selected airport
(Figure 7-10).
Figure 7-10 Runway Window
Runway
Designations
Runway
Length and
Width
Runway
Surface
Map Image
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to select
the desired runway.
5)
Press the ENT Key to display information for
the selected runway on the Airport Runway
Page (Figure 7-11).
Runway
Lighting
Current
Page Group
Position of Current Page
within Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 7-9 Airport Runway Page
Displaying information for each additional
runway:
7-6
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the runway designation field.
Figure 7-11 Airport Runway Page
6)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
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Adjusting the range of the map image:
1)
2)
Selecting an Airport Runway Page Menu
Option:
Press the down arrow of the RNG Key to
display a smaller map area.
1)
Press the up arrow of the RNG Key to display
a larger map area.
With a Flight Plan Active, select the Airport
Runway Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Runway Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Next FPL Apt?’ or ‘Select Destination Apt?’ and
press the ENT Key (Figure 7-12).
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used
on the Airport Runway Page:
• Type - Usage type: Public, Heliport, Military, or
Private
• Surface - Runway surface types include: Hard,
Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or
Water
• Lighting - Runway lighting types include: No
Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or
Frequency (for pilot-controlled lighting)
Figure 7-12 Airport Runway Page Menu
4)
The Airport Runway Page displays information
regarding the next Flight Plan or Destination
Airport.
Airport Runway Page Options
The following options are available for the Airport
Runway Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the runway information for the next
airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the runway information for the active
flight plan destination airport.
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WPT PAGES
7.4 Airport Frequency Page
scroll bar (Figure 7-13) along the right-hand
side of the screen indicates the cursor’s position
within the list.
The Airport Frequency Page displays radio frequencies
and frequency types for the selected airport, as well as
sector and altitude restrictions (where applicable). If
the selected airport has a localizer-based approach,
the localizer frequency(ies) is also listed on the Airport
Frequency Page (Figure 7-13). The Airport Frequency
Page may be used to quickly select and tune a COM or
VLOC frequency.
To view frequency information for a particular airport
on the Airport Frequency Page, enter the Airport’s
Identifier per Section 7.1.
Frequency Airport Identifier,
Type Symbol, and Type
Frequency
Figure 7-14 111.55 Highlighted
3)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the COM or
VLOC Window (Figure 7-15).
Scroll
Bar
Usage
Restrictions
Information
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
VLOC
Standby
Field
Current
Number of Pages in
Page Group Current Page Group
Figure 7-13 Airport Frequency Page
Scrolling through the frequency list and
tuning to a desired frequency on the list:
7-8
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, placing the cursor on the desired frequency
(Figure 7-14). If there are more frequencies in
the list than can be displayed on the screen, a
Figure 7-15 111.55 Moved to Standby Field
4)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
Some listed frequencies may include designations for
limited usage, as follows:
• ‘TX’ - Transmit only
• ‘RX’ - Receive only
• ‘PT’ - Part time frequency
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If a listed frequency has sector or altitude restrictions,
the frequency is preceded by an ‘Info?’ designation (Figure
7-13).
Viewing usage restrictions for a frequency:
1)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the ‘Info?’ designation directly to the left
of the desired frequency (Figure 7-16).
Figure 7-16 ‘Info?’ Highlighted
2)
Press the ENT Key to display the restriction
information (Figure 7-17).
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used
on the Airport Frequency Page:
• Type - Usage type: Public, Heliport, Military, or
Private
• Frequency - Communication frequencies which
may include restrictions:
Approach
Arrival
Class B
Class C
CTA
Departure
TMA
Terminal
TRSA
Communication frequencies without restrictions:
ATIS
ASOS
AWOS
Center
Clearance
Gate
Control
Ground
Helicopter
Multicom
Pre-taxi
Radar
Ramp
Other
Tower
Unicom
Navigation frequencies:
ILS
LOC
Figure 7-17 Restriction Information Page
3)
To return to the Airport Frequency Page, press
the ENT Key.
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Airport Frequency Page Options
7.5 Airport Approach Page
The following options are available for the Airport
Frequency Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
The Airport Approach Page (Figure 7-19) shows the
available approach procedures for the selected airport.
Where multiple initial approach fixes (IAFs) and feeder
routes are available, that information may also be
displayed. A map image provides a layout diagram for
each approach and transition.
To view approach information for a particular airport
on the Airport Approach Page, enter the airport’s identifier
per Section 7.1.
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the frequency information for the
next airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the frequency information for the
active flight plan destination airport.
Selecting an Airport Frequency Page Menu
Option:
1)
With a Flight Plan Active, select the Airport
Runway Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Runway Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Next FPL Apt?’ or ‘Select Destination Apt?’ and
press the ENT Key (Figure 7-18).
Map Im- Airport Identifier,
Symbol, and Type
age
Approach
Procedure
Name
Transitions:
IAF’s, Feeder
Routes, and
Vectors-to-Final
Current
Page Group
Figure 7-18 Airport Runway Page Menu
4)
7-10
The Airport Frequency Page displays information
regarding the next Flight Plan or Destination
Airport.
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 7-19 Airport Approach Page
Scrolling through the available approaches
and transitions:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the approach (APR) procedure name field.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available approaches for the selected airport
(Figure 7-20). Continue turning the small right
knob to select the desired approach.
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Airport Approach Page Options
The following options are available for the Airport
Approach Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
Figure 7-20 Approach Window
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the
transitions (TRANS) field.
5)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available transitions (Figure 7-21). Continue
turning the small right knob to select the
desired transition or select ‘VECTORS’ for
guidance only along the final course segment
of the approach.
Figure 7-21 Transitions Window
Press the ENT Key. To remove the flashing
cursor, press the small right knob.
6)
• Load into Active FPL? - Allows the pilot to load
the selected approach into the active flight plan
without activating it. This performs the same
operation as selecting ‘Load?’ from the Procedures
Page ‘Select Approach?’ option. See Section 6.1.
• Load and Activate? - Allows the pilot to load the
selected approach into the active flight plan and
activate navigation guidance to the approach
transition (Section 6.1).
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the available approaches for the next
airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows
the pilot to view the available approaches for the
active flight plan destination airport.
NOTE: Not all approaches in the database
are approved for GPS use. When selecting an
approach, a ‘GPS’ designation to the right of the
procedure name indicates the procedure can be
flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures
do not have this designation, meaning the
GPS receiver may be used for supplemental
navigation guidance only. ILS approaches, for
example, must be flown by tuning the VLOC
receiver to the proper frequency and coupling
the VLOC receiver to the external CDI (or HSI).
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Loading an approach from the Airport
Approach Page:
1)
Select the desired approach and transition
using the steps outlined in Section 6.1.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Approach Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Load
into Active FPL?’ and press the ENT Key (Figure
7-22).
7.6 Airport Arrival Page
The Airport Arrival Page (Figure 7-23) shows the
available Airport Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR)
procedures for the selected airport. Where multiple
transitions or runways are associated with the arrival
procedure, that information may also be displayed. A
map image provides a layout diagram for each arrival,
transition, and runway.
To view arrival information for a particular airport on
the Airport Arrival Page, enter the airport’s identifier per
Section 7.1.
Map Image Airport Identifier,
Symbol, and Type
Arrival
Procedure
Name
Transitions
Runway
associated
with arrival
Figure 7-22 Airport Approach Page
4)
The Active Flight Plan Page appears. Press
the FPL Key to return to the Airport Approach
Page.
To select any of the other options from the Airport
Approach Page Menu, follow the preceding steps, but
select the desired option in step 3.
7-12
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 7-23 Airport Arrival Page
Scrolling through the available arrivals:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the ‘ARRIVAL’ procedure name field.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available arrivals for the selected airport
(Figure 7-24). Continue turning the small right
knob to select the desired arrival.
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NOTE: (‘ALL’ may appear in the runway field,
indicating the arrival procedure applies to all
runways. For airports with parallel runways, ‘B’
may appear at the end of the runway designation
to indicate the arrival procedure applies to both
runways.)
Figure 7-24 Arrivals Window
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the
transitions (TRANS) field.
5)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available transitions (Figure 7-25). Continue
turning the small right knob to select the
desired transition.
Figure 7-26 Runway Window
8)
Press the ENT Key. To remove the flashing
cursor, press the small right knob.
Figure 7-25 Transitions Window
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the
runway field.
7)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available runways (Figure 7-26). Continue
turning the small right knob to select the
desired runway.
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SECTION 7
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Airport Arrival Page Options
7.7 Airport Departure Page
The following options are available for the Airport
Arrival Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
The Airport Departure Page (Figure 7-28) shows the
available Airport Standard Instrument Departure (SID)
procedures for the selected airport. Where multiple
runways or transitions are associated with the departure
procedure, that information may also be displayed. A
map image provides a layout diagram for each departure,
runway, and transition.
To view departure information for a particular airport
on the Airport Departure Page, enter the airport’s identifier
per Section 7.1.
• Load into Active FPL? - Allows the pilot to load
the selected arrival into the active flight plan.
This is identical to loading an arrival procedure
from the Procedures Page, as described in Section
6.1.
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the available arrivals for the next
airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the available arrivals for the active
flight plan destination airport.
Map
Image
Airport Identifier,
Symbol, and Type
Departure
Procedure
Name
Runway
Associated with
Departure
Transitions
Loading an arrival procedure from the
Airport Arrival Page:
1)
Select the desired arrival, transition, and
runway using the steps above.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Arrival Page Menu.
3)
Press the ENT Key to select the ‘Load into
Active FPL?’ option (Figure 7-27).
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 7-28 Airport Departure Page
Scrolling through the available departures:
Figure 7-27 Airport Arrival Page Menu
4)
The Active Flight Plan Page appears. Press the
FPL Key to return to the Airport Arrival Page.
To select any of the other options from the Airport
Arrival Page Menu, follow the preceding steps, but select
the desired option in step 3.
7-14
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the departure (DEP) procedure name field
(Figure 7-28).
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3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available departures for the selected airport
(Figure 7-29). Continue turning the small right
knob to select the desired departure.
Figure 7-29 Departure Window
4)
5)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the
runway field.
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available runways (Figure 7-30). Continue
turning the small right knob to select the
desired runway. (‘ALL’ may appear in the
runway field, indicating the departure procedure
applies to all runways. For airports with parallel
runways, ‘B’ may appear at the end of the
runway designation to indicate the departure
procedure applies to both runways.)
Airport Departure Page Options
The following option is available for the Airport
Departure Page, by pressing the MENU Key:
• Load into Active FPL? - Allows the pilot to load
the selected departure into the active flight plan.
This is identical to loading a departure procedure
from the Procedures Page, as described in Section
6.1.
• Select Next FPL Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the available departures for the next
airport in the active flight plan
• Select Destination Apt? - This option is only
available when a Flight Plan is active. Allows the
pilot to view the available departures for the active
flight plan destination airport.
Loading a departure procedure from the
Airport Departure Page:
1)
Select the desired departure, runway, and
transition using the preceding steps.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Airport
Departure Page Menu.
3)
Press the ENT Key to select the ‘Load into
Active FPL?’ option (Figure 7-31).
Figure 7-30 Runway Window
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the
transitions (TRANS) field.
7)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
of available transitions. Continue turning
the small right knob to select the desired
transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key. To remove the flashing
cursor, press the small right knob.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 7-31 Airport Departure Page Menu
4)
The Active Flight Plan Page appears. Press
the FPL Key to return to the Airport Departure
Page.
To select any of the other options from the Airport
Arrival Page Menu, follow the preceding steps, but select
the desired option in step 3.
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7.8 Intersection Page
7.9 NDB Page
The Intersection Page (Figure 7-32) displays the
latitude, longitude, region, and country for the selected
intersection. The Intersection Page also displays the
identifier, radial, and distance from the nearest VOR,
VORTAC, or VOR/DME. Intersections may only be
selected by identifier, as described in Section 7.1.
The NDB Page displays the facility name, city, region/
country, latitude, and longitude for the selected NDB
(Figure 7-33). The NDB Page also displays the frequency
and a weather broadcast indication (if applicable). As
mentioned in Section 7.1, NDBs may be selected by
identifier, facility name, or location (city).
Intersection Identifier Nearest Radial and
Distance
and Symbol
VOR and
Symbol from Nearest
VOR
NDB Identifier
and Symbol
Frequency and Weather
Broadcast Indication
Facility
Name, City,
and Region/
Country
Region/
Country
Latitude/
Longitude
Position
Latitude/
Longitude
Position
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Current
Number of Pages in
Page Group Current Page Group
Figure 7-32 Intersection Page
The following descriptions and abbreviations are
used:
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 7-33 NDB Page
The following descriptions and abbreviations are
used:
• Position - Latitude/Longitude (degrees/minutes or
degrees/minutes/seconds), MGRS, or UTM/UPS
• Symbol - See Section 3.4 for a graphic illustration
of available NDB symbols
• RAD - Radial from nearest VOR in degrees
magnetic or degrees true (depending upon unit
configuration)
• Position - Latitude/Longitude (degrees/minutes or
degrees/minutes/seconds), MGRS, or UTM/UPS
• DIS - Distance from nearest VOR, in nautical
miles/statute miles/kilometers (depending upon
unit configuration)
• Wx Brdcst - Weather information is broadcast on
the selected facility’s frequency
7-16
• FREQ - Frequency in kilohertz (kHz)
NOTE: The VOR displayed on the Intersection
Page is the nearest VOR, not necessarily the VOR
used to define the intersection.
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7.10 VOR Page
The VOR Page (Figure 7-34) displays the facility
name, city, region/country, magnetic variation, latitude,
and longitude for the selected VOR. The VOR Page also
displays the frequency and a weather broadcast indication
(if applicable).
VOR Identifier
and Symbol
Frequency and Weather
Broadcast Indication
Facility
Name, City,
and Region/
Country
As mentioned in Section 7.1, VORs may be selected by
identifier, facility name, or location (city). The VOR Page
may also be used to quickly tune the VLOC receiver to the
selected VOR’s frequency.
Selecting a VOR frequency from the VOR
Page:
1)
Select the VOR Page from the WPT Page Group,
as described in Section 7.1.
2)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
place the cursor on the VOR identifier field.
To select another VOR, use the small and large
right knobs and press the ENT Key when
finished.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
frequency field (Figure 7-35) and press the ENT
Key to place the frequency in the standby field
of the VLOC Window.
Magnetic
Variation
Latitude/
Longitude
Position
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 7-34 VOR Page
The following descriptions and abbreviations are
used:
• Symbol - See Section 3.4 for a graphic illustration
of available VOR symbols
• VAR - Magnetic variation in degrees
• Position - Latitude/Longitude (degrees/minutes or
degrees/minutes/seconds), MGRS, or UTM/UPS
• FREQ - Frequency in megahertz (MHz)
• Wx Brdcst - Weather information is broadcast on
the selected facility’s frequency
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 7-35 VOR Frequency Field Selected
4)
To activate the standby VLOC frequency, press
the VLOC Flip-flop Key.
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7.11 User Waypoint Page
In addition to the airport, VOR, NDB, and intersection
information contained in the Jeppesen NavData card,
the GNS 530 allows the pilot to store up to 1,000 userdefined waypoints. The User Waypoint Page (Figure
7-36) displays the waypoint name (up to five characters
long), identifier, radial from two reference waypoints, and
distance from one reference waypoint, along with the user
waypoint’s latitude/longitude position.
User Waypoint Reference Waypoint
Information
Name
Latitude/
Longitude
Position
User waypoints may only be selected by name
(identifier), as described in Section 7.1.
Creating User Waypoints
User waypoints may be created from the User
Waypoint Page or the Map Page. To create a new user
waypoint, simply enter its name (identifier) and position,
or reference another waypoint by radial and distance.
Creating a new user waypoint by entering
its latitude/longitude position:
1)
With the User Waypoint Page displayed, press
the small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter a
name for the new waypoint (Figure 7-37) and
press the ENT Key. The present position appears
in the position field at the bottom of the page.
To create a waypoint at the present position,
turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Create?’
and skip to step 6.
Create/
Modify
Action
Field
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 7-36 User Waypoint Page
The following descriptions and abbreviations appear
on the User Waypoint Page:
• REF WPT - Reference waypoint identifier (name)
• RAD - Radial from reference waypoint, in degrees
magnetic or degrees true (depending upon unit
configuration)
• DIS - Distance from reference waypoint, in
nautical miles/statute miles/kilometers (depending
upon unit configuration)
Figure 7-37 User Waypoint Name Field Selected
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
position field at the bottom of the page.
• Position - Latitude/Longitude (degrees/minutes or
degrees/minutes/seconds), MGRS, or UTM/UPS
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4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the position coordinates for the new waypoint
(Figure 7-38).
Figure 7-39 Reference Waypoint Field Highlighted
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the reference waypoint. The
reference waypoint can be an airport, VOR,
NDB, intersection, or another user waypoint.
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
identifier.
5)
The cursor moves to the radial (RAD) field
(Figure 7-40). Use the small and large right
knobs to enter the radial from the reference
waypoint to the new user waypoint. Press the
ENT Key to accept the selected radial.
Figure 7-38 Present Position Field Selected
5)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
position.
6)
The cursor moves to ‘Create?’. Press the ENT
Key to add the new waypoint to memory.
7)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
Creating a new user waypoint by
referencing an existing waypoint:
1)
With the User Waypoint Page displayed, press
the small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
a name for the new waypoint and press the
ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the first
reference waypoint (REF WPT) field (Figure 739).
Figure 7-40 Radial Field Selected
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WPT PAGES
6)
The cursor moves to the distance (DIS) field.
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the distance from the reference waypoint to
the new user waypoint. Press the ENT Key to
accept the selected distance.
7)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Create?’
and press the ENT Key.
8)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
7-20
NOTE: The GNS 530 allows the pilot to create
a new user waypoint at a defined radial and
distance from the present position. To reference
the present position, follow the preceding steps,
but press the CLR Key in Step 4. ‘P.POS’ appears
in the reference waypoint (REF WPT) field to
indicate that radial and distance information
references the present position. The second
reference waypoint field (REF WPT) is a temporary
reference only, not a reference that is stored with
the user waypoint. By default, this field displays
a radial from the nearest VOR. However, the pilot
can select any waypoint by identifier to use as
a reference in this field. The GNS 530 can store
user-defined waypoints which are generated
from other equipment in the panel. For example,
an EFIS equipped with joystick inputs can be used
to create user waypoints which (if the installation
supports this) automatically transfer to the GNS
530.
Creating User Waypoints from the Map Page
The Map Page and panning target pointer (Section 3.4,
Map Panning) provide a quick means of saving the present
position as a user-defined waypoint.
Capturing and saving the present position
as a user waypoint:
1)
With the Map Page displayed, press the small
right knob to activate the panning function.
The target pointer appears at the present
position (Figure 7-41).
Figure 7-41 Activate Panning Function
2)
Press the ENT Key to capture the position and
display the User Waypoint Page
3)
A four-digit name is automatically assigned to
the waypoint. To change this name, turn the
large right knob to highlight the name field,
then use the small and large right knobs to
select a new name. Press the ENT Key to
accept the selected name.
4)
The cursor moves to the ‘Create?’ action field.
Press the ENT Key to save the new waypoint.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Modifying User Waypoints
To modify an existing waypoint, select that waypoint
on the User Waypoint Page and enter the new position
information directly over the old information.
Modifying a user waypoint by changing its
latitude/longitude position:
1)
With the User Waypoint Page displayed, press
the small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the name of the desired waypoint and press
the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
position field at the bottom of the page.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the new position coordinates (Figure 7-42)
and press the ENT Key to accept the selected
position.
Modifying a user waypoint by changing
reference waypoint information:
1)
With the User Waypoint Page displayed, press
the small right knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the name of the desired waypoint and press
the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the first
reference waypoint (REF WPT) field, to change
the reference waypoint. Otherwise, continue
turning the large right knob to highlight
the radial (RAD) or distance (DIS) field, as
desired.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to change
the identifier (if desired) of the reference
waypoint (Figure 7-43). The reference waypoint
can be an airport, VOR, NDB, intersection or
another user waypoint. Press the ENT Key to
accept the selected identifier.
Figure 7-42 Position Field Selected
5)
6)
The cursor moves to the ‘Modify?’ action field.
Press the ENT Key to modify the waypoint.
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 7-43 Ref Waypoint Field Selected
5)
The cursor moves to the radial (RAD) field. Use
the small and large right knobs to change the
radial from the reference waypoint, if desired.
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
radial.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
6)
The cursor moves to the distance (DIS) field.
Use the small and large right knobs to change
the distance from the reference waypoint to the
new user waypoint, if desired. Press the ENT
Key to accept the selected distance.
7)
The cursor moves to the ‘Modify?’ action field.
Press the ENT Key to modify the waypoint.
8)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
NOTE: If the pilot attempts to modify or delete a
waypoint which is currently a direct-to waypoint
or the current ‘from’ or ‘to’ waypoint in the active
flight plan, the GNS 530 alerts the pilot with the
‘Can’t change an active waypoint’ or ‘Waypoint
is active and can’t be deleted’ message. The
pilot must first cancel the direct-to or remove
the waypoint(s) from the active flight plan before
modifying or deleting the waypoint(s).
User Waypoint Page Options
The following User Waypoint Page options are available
by pressing the MENU Key:
• View User Waypoint List? - displays a list of all
user waypoints currently stored in memory.
• Delete User Waypoint? - Allows the pilot to delete
the selected waypoint from memory.
• Crossfill? - Allows the pilot to transfer a user
waypoint to another 400/500 series unit (if
installed). Please refer to Sections 5.1 and 10.1
for detailed information on crossfill.
Viewing a list of all user waypoints:
1)
From the User Waypoint Page, press the MENU
Key to display the User Waypoint Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘View
User Waypoint List?’ (Figure 7-44) and press
the ENT Key.
Figure 7-44 User Waypoint Page Menu
3)
7-22
The top of the User Waypoint List indicates the
total number of user waypoints currently used
and available memory. If more user waypoints
are stored than can be displayed on a single
screen, turn the large right knob to scroll
through the User Waypoint List.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
4)
Press the small right knob to return to the
User Waypoint Page.
Deleting a user waypoint:
1)
Select the desired waypoint on the User
Waypoint Page and press the MENU Key to
display the User Waypoint Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Delete
User Waypoint?’ (Figure 7-45) and press the
ENT Key.
User Waypoint List
The User Waypoint List (Figure 7-46) allows the
pilot to review, modify, rename, or delete a selected user
waypoint, or to delete all user waypoints currently stored
in memory. The top of the page shows the number of
waypoints used and available memory.
Reviewing and/or modifying a user
waypoint from the User Waypoint List:
1)
Select the User Waypoint List, as described in
this section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired user waypoint (Figure 7-46).
Figure 7-45 User Waypoint Page Menu
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘delete waypoint’
confirmation window.
4)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
delete the selected user waypoint.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 7-46 User Waypoint List Page
3)
Press the ENT Key to display the User Waypoint
Page for the selected waypoint. From this page
the pilot may review all information defining
the waypoint and its position.
4)
To modify the waypoint’s position or reference
waypoint information, follow the preceding
steps described in this section.
5)
To exit the User Waypoint Page, turn the large
right knob to highlight ‘Done?’ and press the
ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
7-23
SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Renaming a user waypoint from the User
Waypoint List:
Deleting a user waypoint from the User
Waypoint List:
1)
Select the User Waypoint List, as described in
this section.
1)
Select the User Waypoint List, as described in
this section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired user waypoint.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired user waypoint.
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to change
the name of the user waypoint (Figure 7-47).
(Enter the new name directly over the old
name.) Press the ENT Key to accept the new
name.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘delete waypoint’
confirmation window (Figure 7-49).
Figure 7-49 Delete Waypoint Window
4)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
delete the selected user waypoint.
Figure 7-47 User Waypoint Name Selected
4)
A ‘rename waypoint’ confirmation window
is displayed (Figure 7-48). With ‘Yes?’
highlighted, press the ENT Key to rename the
selected user waypoint.
Figure 7-48 Rename Waypoint Window
7-24
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Deleting all user waypoints from memory:
1)
Select the User Waypoint List, as described in
this section.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display a menu for the
User Waypoint List (Figure 7-50).
Figure 7-50 User Waypoint List Page Menu
3)
With ‘Delete All User Waypoints’ highlighted,
press the ENT Key.
4)
A ‘delete all waypoints’ confirmation window
is displayed (Figure 7-51). With ‘Yes?’
highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all
user waypoints from memory.
Figure 7-51 Delete All Waypoints Window
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 7
WPT PAGES
Blank Page
7-26
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
SECTION 8: NRST PAGES
Quickly selecting a NRST page:
1)
8.1 NRST Page Group
From any page, press the NRST Key, ‘NRST’
appears along the bottom of the screen (see
Figure 8-2).
Section 3.1 introduced the GNS 530’s main page groups
(Table 8-1)—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST—and described
each page in the NAV group. This fourth page group
(NRST) provides detailed information for the nine nearest
airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections, and user waypoints
within 200 nm of the current position. In addition, the
NRST pages (Figure 8-1) include the five nearest Flight
Service Station (FSS) and center (ARTCC/FIR) points of
communication, plus alerts the pilot to any nearby Special
Use (SUA) or Controlled Airspaces.
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group NRST Group
see Section 3 see Section 7 see Section 10 8 NRST pages
Figure 8-2 Nearest Airport Page
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
NRST page.
Table 8-1 Page Groups
NRST Airport
NRST User
NRST Intersection
NRST NDB
NRST VOR
NRST ARTCC NRST Flight Service NRST Airspace
Figure 8-1 NRST Pages
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
8-1
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
Not all nine nearest airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections,
or user waypoints can be displayed on the corresponding
NRST page at one time. The Nearest Airport Page displays
detailed information for three nearest airports, with a scroll
bar along the right-hand side of the page indicating which
part of the list is currently being viewed. The Nearest
Airspace Page displays detailed information for up to
three special use or controlled airspace alerts. The NRST
pages for VORs, NDBs, intersections, and user waypoints
displays five waypoints at a time. The flashing cursor and
large right knob are used to scroll and view the rest of the
waypoints or airspaces in the list.
Scrolling through the list of nearest
airports, VORs, NDBs, intersections, user
waypoints, or SUAs:
1)
Select the desired NRST page, using the steps
outlined on the preceding page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list. The scroll bar along the right-hand side
of the page indicates which part of the list is
currently being viewed (Figure 8-3).
The Nearest ARTCC Page and the Nearest FSS Page
present detailed information for up to five nearby facilities,
displaying only one facility at a time. Again, the additional
information is viewed using the flashing cursor and large
right knob to scroll through the list.
Scrolling through the list of nearest
flight service station or center points of
communication:
1)
Select the desired NRST page, using the steps
outlined on the preceding page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the small right knob to scroll through the
list (Figure 8-4).
Figure 8-4 Nearest ARTCC Page
4)
Scroll
Bar
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
Figure 8-3 Nearest Airport Page
4)
8-2
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
Navigating to a Nearby Waypoint
8.2 Nearest Airport Page
The NRST pages can be used in conjunction with the
GNS 530’s direct-to function to quickly set a course to a
nearby facility, and can provide navigation to the nearest
airport in case of an in-flight emergency.
The Nearest Airport Page displays the identifier, symbol,
bearing, and distance to the nine nearest airports (within
200 nm of the present position). For each airport listed,
the Nearest Airport Page also indicates the best available
approach, common traffic advisory frequency (CTAF),
and the length of the longest runway (Figure 8-6).
Selecting a nearby airport, VOR, NDB,
intersection, or user waypoint as a directto destination:
1)
Use the flashing cursor to scroll through a NRST
page list (Figure 8-5) and highlight the desired
nearest waypoint, as outlined in Section 8.1.
Best Available
Approach
Airport Identifier
Symbol, Bearing
To, and Distance To
Scroll
Bar
Tower or CTAF
Frequency and
Longest Runway
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 8-5 Nearest Airport Page
2)
Press the Direct-to Key to display the select
Direct-to Waypoint Page.
3)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
waypoint’s identifier and press the ENT Key
a second time with ‘Activate?’ highlighted to
begin navigating to the selected waypoint.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 8-6 Nearest Airport Page
The Nearest Airport Page can be configured to exclude
shorter runways or undesirable runway surface types,
so that the corresponding airports do not appear on the
list. The pilot may wish to use this feature to exclude
seaplane bases or runway lengths which would be difficult
or impossible to land upon. See Section 10.5, Setup Page:
Nearest Airport Criteria for additional details.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
8-3
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
Quickly tuning the common traffic advisory
frequency (CTAF) from the Nearest Airport
Page:
1)
Select the Nearest Airport Page, using the steps
outlined in Section 8.1.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the COM frequency associated
with the desired airport.
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the COM
Window (Figure 8-7).
5)
Active
Frequency
Field
Figure 8-8 Frequency Moved to Active Field
6)
Standby
Frequency
Field
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
Additional communication frequencies, runway
information, and more are available from the Nearest
Airport Page by highlighting the identifier of the desired
airport and pressing the ENT Key.
Viewing additional information for a
nearby airport:
Selected
Frequency
Figure 8-7 Frequency Moved to Standby Field
8-4
Press the COM Flip-flop Key to activate the
selected frequency (Figure 8-8).
1)
Select the Nearest Airport Page, using the steps
outlined in Section 8.1.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the identifier of the desired
airport (Figure 8-9).
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
8.3 Nearest Intersection Page
The Nearest Intersection Page (Figure 8-11) displays
the identifier, symbol, bearing, and distance to the nine
nearest intersections (within 200 nm of the present
position).
To view additional information for a nearby intersection,
start from the Nearest Intersection Page and follow the
preceding steps 2 through 4.
Intersection Identifier
and Symbol
Figure 8-9 Desired Airport Highlighted
4)
Press the ENT Key to display the Airport
Location Page for the selected airport.
5)
To view additional WPT pages for the selected
airport (including the Airport Runway Page and
the Airport Frequency Page) press the small
right knob to remove the flashing cursor. Turn
the small right knob to display the additional
WPT pages (Figure 8-10). When finished, press
the small right knob to return the flashing
cursor to the screen.
Bearing To and
Distance To
Scroll
Bar
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 8-11 Nearest Intersection Page
Figure 8-10 Additional WPT Page
6)
To return to the Nearest Airport Page, verify
that ‘Done?’ is highlighted by the flashing
cursor and press the ENT Key (or press the
CLR Key).
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
8.4 Nearest NDB Page
8.5 Nearest VOR Page
The Nearest NDB Page (Figure 8-12) displays the
identifier, symbol, bearing, distance, and frequency to
the nine nearest NDBs (within 200 nm of the present
position).
To view additional information for a nearby NDB, start
from the nearest NDB Page and follow the preceding steps
2 through 4.
The Nearest VOR Page (Figure 8-13) displays the
identifier, symbol, bearing, and distance to the nine
nearest VORs (within 200 nm of the present position).
For each VOR listed, the nearest VOR Page also indicates
the frequency and may be used to quickly tune the VLOC
receiver to the nearby VOR. The selected frequency is
placed in the standby field of the VLOC window and
activated using the VLOC Flip-flop Key.
Intersection Identifier
and Symbol
Bearing To and
Distance To
NDB
Frequency
VOR Identifier
and Symbol
Bearing To and
Distance To
VOR
Frequency
Scroll
Bar
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Scroll
Bar
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 8-12 Nearest NDB Page
8-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Current
Number of Pages in
Page Group Current Page Group
Figure 8-13 Nearest VOR Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
Quickly tuning a VOR’s frequency from the
nearest VOR Page:
Viewing additional information for a
nearby VOR:
1)
Select the nearest VOR Page, using the steps
outlined in Section 8.1.
1)
Select the Nearest VOR Page, using the steps
outlined in Section 8.1.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the frequency associated with
the desired VOR (Figure 8-14).
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the identifier of the desired
VOR (Figure 8-15).
4)
Press the ENT Key to display the VOR Page for
the selected VOR.
Figure 8-14 Frequency Highlighted
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the VLOC
Window.
5)
Press the VLOC Flip-flop Key to activate the
selected frequency.
6)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 8-15 Nearest VOR Page
5)
To return to the Nearest VOR Page, verify that
‘Done?’ is highlighted by the flashing cursor
and press the ENT Key (or press the CLR
Key).
6)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
8.6 Nearest User Waypoint Page
8.7 Nearest Center (ARTCC) Page
The Nearest User Waypoint Page (Figure 8-16) displays
the name, bearing, and distance to the nine nearest user
waypoints (within 200 nm of the present position).
The Nearest Center Page (Figure 8-17) displays the
facility name, bearing to, and distance to the five nearest
ARTCC points of communication (within 200 nm of the
present position). For each ARTCC listed, the Nearest
Center Page also indicates one or more frequencies, and
may be used to quickly tune the COM transceiver to the
center’s frequency. The selected frequency is placed in the
standby field of the COM Window and activated using the
COM Flip-flop Key.
Waypoint Identifier
and Symbol
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current
Page Group
Bearing To and
Distance To
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
ARTCC Name
Bearing To and
Distance To
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Frequency(ies)
Figure 8-16 Nearest User Waypoint Page
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 8-17 Nearest ARTCC Page
8-8
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
To quickly tune an ARTCC’s frequency from
the Nearest Center Page:
1)
Select the Nearest Center Page, using the steps
outlined in Section 8.1.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, selecting the desired ARTCC.
4)
Turn the large right knob to scroll down the
page, highlighting the desired frequency.
5)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the COM
Window.
6)
Press the COM Flip-flop Key to activate the
selected frequency (Figure 8-18).
Active
Frequency
Field
8.8 Nearest Flight Service Station
(FSS) Page
The Nearest Flight Service Station Page (Figure
8-19) displays the facility name, bearing to, and distance
to the five nearest FSS points of communication (within
200 nm of the present position). For each FSS listed, the
Nearest Flight Service Station Page also indicates one or
more frequencies and may be used to quickly tune the
COM transceiver to the FSS’s frequency.
For duplex operations, ‘RX’ and ‘TX’ indications
appears beside the listed frequencies, indicating ‘receive
only’ or ‘transmit only’ frequencies. The associated VOR
is also provided for reference.
Bearing To and
Distance To
FSS Name
Frequency(ies)
Selected
Frequency
VOR Identifier (For
Duplex Operation)
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 8-18 Frequency Moved to Active Field
7)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 8-19 Nearest FSS Page
8-9
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
To quickly tune an FSS’s frequency from the
Nearest Flight Service Station Page:
1)
2)
Select the Nearest Flight Service Station Page,
using the steps outlined in Section 8.1 (Figure
8-19).
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the small right knob to scroll through the
list, selecting the desired FSS.
4)
Turn the large right knob to scroll down the
page (Figure 8-20), highlighting the desired
frequency (COM frequency or VOR frequency
for duplex operation).
5)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the COM or
VLOC Window.
6)
Press the COM Flip-flop or VLOC Flip-flop
Key, as appropriate, to activate the selected
frequency (figure 8-21).
Active
Frequency
Field
Selected
Frequency
Figure 8-21 Frequency Moved to Active Field
Selected
Frequency
7)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
Figure 8-20 Frequency Field Selected
8-10
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
8.9 Nearest Airspace Page
The last page in the NRST group, the Nearest Airspace
Page (Figure 8-24) alerts the pilot to as many as nine
controlled or special use airspaces near or in the flight
path. Alerts are provided according to the following
conditions:
• If the projected course will take the aircraft inside
an airspace within the next ten minutes, the alert
message ‘Airspace ahead -- less than 10 minutes’
appears. The Nearest Airspace Page shows the
airspace as ‘Ahead’.
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of
an airspace and the current course will take
the aircraft inside, the message ‘Airspace near
and ahead’ appears (Figure 8-22). The Nearest
Airspace Page shows ‘Within 2nm of airspace’.
Figure 8-23 Airspace Message
• If the aircraft has entered an airspace, the message
‘Inside Airspace’ appears. The Nearest Airspace
Page shows ‘Inside of airspace’.
Note that the airspace alerts are based on threedimensional data (latitude, longitude, and altitude) to
avoid nuisance alerts. The alert boundaries for controlled
airspace are also sectorized to provide complete
information on any nearby airspace. Once one of the
described conditions exists, the message annunciator
flashes, alerting the pilot of an airspace message.
Viewing an airspace alert message:
1)
When the message annunciator above the
MSG Key flashes, press the MSG Key.
2)
Press the MSG Key again to return to the
previous page.
Figure 8-22 Airspace Message
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of an
airspace and the current course will not take the
aircraft inside, the message ‘Near airspace less
than 2nm’ appears (Figure 8-23). The Nearest
Airspace Page shows the airspace as ‘Ahead <
2nm’.
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SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
Viewing additional details for an airspace
listed on the Nearest Airspace Page:
Once an airspace alert message appears, detailed
information concerning the specific airspace is provided
on the Nearest Airspace Page (Figure 8-24). The Nearest
Airspace Page displays the airspace name, status (‘Ahead’,
‘Ahead < 2nm’, etc., as described on the preceding
page), and a time to entry (if applicable). By selecting
any airspace name listed on the Nearest Airspace Page,
additional details are provided—including controlling
agency, communication frequencies, and floor/ceiling
limits.
1)
Select the Nearest Airspace Page, using the
steps outlined in Section 8.1.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the desired airspace.
4)
Press the ENT Key to display the Airspace
Page for the selected nearby airspace (Figure
8-25).
Airspace
Name
Airspace Name
and Type
Status and
Time to Entry
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Message
Annunciator
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Floor/Ceiling
Limits
‘Done?’ Field
(Return to
Previous Page)
Controlling
Agency
Status and
Time to Entry
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Figure 8-24 Nearest Airspace Page
Current
Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 8-25 Airspace Page
8-12
5)
To return to the Nearest Airspace Page, verify
that ‘Done?’ is highlighted by the flashing
cursor and press the ENT Key.
6)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
To view and quickly tune the frequency for
a controlling agency:
1)
Follow steps 1 through 4 on the preceding page
to display the Airspace Page for the desired
controlled or special use airspace.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight
‘Frequencies?’ and press the ENT Key. (Figure
8-26)
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected
frequency in the standby field of the COM
Window (Figure 8-27).
Standby
Frequency
Selected
Frequency
Figure 8-27 Airport Frequency Page
5)
Press the COM Flip-flop Key to activate the
selected frequency.
6)
To return to the Airspace Page, turn the large
right knob to highlight ‘Done?’ and press the
ENT Key (or press the CLR Key).
7)
To return to the Nearest Airspace Page, turn
the large right knob to highlight ‘Done?’ and
press the ENT Key (or press the CLR Key).
8)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
Figure 8-26 Airport Frequency Page
3)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the desired frequency.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
8-13
SECTION 8
NRST PAGES
The Airspace Page (Figure 8-28) displays (and airspace
alert messages are provided for) the following airspace
types:
• Alert
• Caution
• Class B
• Class C
• Class D
• CTA
• Danger
• MOA
• Prohibited
• Restricted
• TMA
• Training
• TRSA
• Unspecified
Figure 8-28 Airspace Page for MOA
• Warning
The bottom right-hand corner of the Airspace Page
displays the floor and ceiling limits of the airspace. The
following are examples of what may appear as vertical
limits for an airspace:
• 5000 ft msl (5000 feet mean sea level)
• 5000 ft agl (5000 feet above ground level)
• MSL (at mean sea level)
• Notam (Notice to Airmen)
• Unknown
• Unlimited
• See Chart
• Surface
All airspace alert messages, except for prohibited areas,
may be turned on or off from the Airspace Alarms Page.
An altitude buffer is also provided on the Airspace Alarms
Page to provide an extra margin of safety above/below
the published limits (Section 10.4, Setup Page: Airspace
Alarms for additional details).
8-14
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 9
VLOC RECEIVER
SECTION 9: VLOC RECEIVER
9.1 VLOC (VOR/LOCALIZER/GLIDESLOPE)
Receiver Operations
The tuning cursor remains in the COM Window. To
select a VOR/Localizer/ILS frequency, press the small
left knob momentarily to place the cursor in the VLOC
Window.
The GNS 530 includes digitally-tuned VOR/localizer
and glideslope receivers with the desired frequency
selected in the VLOC Window, along the left-hand side of
the display (Figure 9-1). Frequency selection is performed
by pressing the small left knob and turning the small and
large left knobs to select the desired frequency.
NOTE: The tuning cursor normally appears in the
COM Window, unless placed in the VLOC Window
by pressing the small left knob. When the tuning
cursor is in the VLOC Window, it automatically
returns to the COM Window after 30 seconds of
inactivity. The active frequency in either window
cannot be accessed directly–—only the standby
frequency is highlighted by the tuning cursor.
To select a VOR/localizer/ILS frequency:
1)
Figure 9-1 VLOC Window
Ident Audio and Volume
VLOC ident is enabled by pressing the VLOC Volume
Knob. When VLOC ident is enabled, an ‘ID’ indication
appears in the upper right corner of the VLOC Window,
to the immediate right of ‘VLOC’ (Figure 9-1).
VLOC audio volume is adjusted using the VLOC
Volume Knob. Turn the VLOC Volume Knob clockwise
to increase volume, or counterclockwise to decrease
volume.
If the tuning cursor is not currently in the VLOC
Window, press the small left knob momentarily
(Figure 9-2).
Tuning Cursor in
VLOC Window
VLOC Window and Tuning
VLOC frequencies are tuned with the large and small
left knobs when the tuning cursor is in the standby VLOC
frequency field. The standby frequency always appears
below the active frequency. The active frequency is the
frequency currently in use.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 9-2 Tuning Cursor in VLOC Window
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
9-1
SECTION 9
VLOC RECEIVER
2)
Turn the large left knob to select the desired
megahertz (MHz) value. For example, the ‘113’
portion of the frequency ‘113.00’.
3)
Turn the small left knob to select the desired
kilohertz (kHz) value. For example, the ‘.00’
portion of the frequency ‘113.00’.
4)
To make the standby frequency the active
frequency (Figure 9-3), press the VLOC Flipflop Key.
Auto-Tuning
A frequency may also be quickly selected from the
database by simply highlighting the desired frequency on
the VOR Page (Section 7.10) or the Nearest VOR Page
(Section 8.5) and pressing the ENT Key. This process is
referred to as auto-tuning. Once a frequency is selected
in the standby field, it may be transferred to the active
frequency by pressing the VLOC Flip-flop Key. (Autotuning can also be performed from VLOC frequencies
listed on the NAV/COM Page, the Airport Frequency Page,
and the Nearest Flight Service Station Page.)
To select a VLOC frequency from the VOR
Page or Nearest VOR Page:
Active VLOC
Frequency Field
VLOC Ident
Window
Figure 9-3 Frequency Moved to Active Field
1)
Select the desired page from the main pages
(as discussed in the preceding paragraph).
2)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
activate the flashing cursor
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
frequency for the desired VOR (Figures 9-4 and
9-5).
VLOC Ident Window
Directly below the VLOC Tuning Window is a VLOC
Ident Window (default setting). When the GNS 530 is
tuned to a nearby VOR, the VLOC Ident Window (Figure
9-3) displays the Morse code identifier of the selected
station, the radial from the VOR, and the distance from
the VOR. When tuned to a nearby localizer, the VLOC
Ident Window displays the identifier, associated airport,
and runway. The VLOC Ident Window can be replaced
with traffic information or configurable data fields, as
outlined in Section 10.4.
9-2
Figure 9-4 Frequency Highlighted on VOR Page
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 9
VLOC RECEIVER
To select an approach and automatically
tune the proper VLOC frequency:
1)
Select the destination airport using the Directto Key or as the last waypoint in the active
flight plan.
2)
Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures
Page.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Approach?’ and press the ENT Key (Figure
9-6).
Figure 9-5 Frequency Highlighted on NRST VOR Page
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the frequency in
the standby field of the VLOC Window.
5)
Press the VLOC Flip-flop Key to activate the
selected frequency.
6)
Press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor.
NOTE: For duplex COM operations, the VLOC
receiver may be auto-tuned from the Nearest
Flight Service Station Page. See Section 8.8 for
more info.
Tuning the VLOC when an approach is active
When selecting a VOR or ILS approach, manual
tuning of the VLOC receiver is not required. Once the
approach procedure is ‘Loaded’ or ‘Activated’, the GNS
530 automatically places the proper frequency in the
standby field of the VLOC Window. To use this frequency,
press the VLOC Flip-flop Key to activate the frequency.
Additional information on approach procedures is
provided in Section 6.1.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 9-6 Procedures Page
4)
A window appears listing the available
procedures. Turn the small right knob to
highlight the desired procedure and press the
ENT Key. (When a direct-to destination is
selected, departures are offered for the nearest
airport.)
5)
A second window appears listing available
transitions. Turn the small right knob to
highlight the desired transition waypoint and
press the ENT Key. (The approach ‘Vectors’
option assumes the pilot will receive vectors to
the final course segment of the approach and
will provide navigation guidance to intercept
this final course.)
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
9-3
SECTION 9
VLOC RECEIVER
6)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Load?’
or ‘Activate?’ (Figure 9-7) and press the ENT
Key. (‘Load?’ adds the procedure to the
flight plan without immediately using it for
navigation guidance. This allows the pilot to
continue navigating the original flight plan, but
keeps the procedure available on the Active
Flight Plan Page for quick activation when
needed.)
CDI Key
The GNS 530’s CDI Key is used to couple the GPS
or VLOC receiver to the external CDI (or HSI). When
the external CDI (or HSI) is being driven by the GPS
receiver, ‘GPS’ appears at the bottom left corner of the
page, directly above the CDI Key. When the external CDI
(or HSI) if being driven by the VLOC receiver, ‘VLOC’
appears instead.
To couple the external CDI (or HSI) to the GPS receiver
or VLOC receiver, press the CDI Key to display ‘GPS’ or
‘VLOC’, as desired (Figure 9-8).
Figure 9-7 Highlight ‘Load?’
7)
8)
9-4
For VOR and ILS approaches, the standby field
of the VLOC Window is automatically tuned to
the proper frequency. To activate the frequency
press the VLOC Flip-flop Key. To display VLOC
course information on the external CDI (or
HSI) press the CDI Key and verify that ‘VLOC’
is displayed at the bottom left corner of the
screen, directly above the CLR Key.
‘GPS’ Annunciator
‘VLOC’ Annunciator
Figure 9-8 GPS and VLOC Annunciators
NOTE: The external CDI (or HSI) must be coupled
to the VLOC receiver for approaches which are
not approved for GPS. See ILS example in Section
6.3.
For precision approaches and some nonprecision approaches, a reminder window
appears indicating that GPS guidance on such
approaches is strictly for monitoring only—use
the VLOC receivers and external CDI (or HSI) for
primary navigation. To confirm this reminder,
highlight ‘Yes?’ and press the ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
SECTION 10: AUX PAGES
Quickly selecting an AUX page:
1)
10.1 AUX Page Group
Section 3.1 introduced the GNS 530’s main page
groups (Table 10-1)—NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST—and
described each page in the NAV group. The third page
group (AUX) allows the pilot to change unit settings. The
AUX pages (Figure 10-1) also provide trip planning, fuel
planning, density altitude, true airspeed, and winds aloft
calculations.
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group
see Section 3 see Section 7 3 AUX pages
NRST Group
see Section 8
Table 10-1 Page Groups
Flight Planning
Utility
From any page, press and hold the CLR Key to
select the Default NAV Page (Figure 10-2). If
any of the main pages are already displayed,
this step may be skipped.
Figure 10-2 Default NAV Page
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the AUX
Page Group (Figure 10-3). ‘AUX’ appears along
the bottom of the screen.
Setup
Figure 10-1 AUX Pages
NOTE: The AUX Page Group may have four AUX
pages available when the GNS 530 installation
includes connection to a weather information
source. See Section 14 of this manual for more
information.
Figure 10-3 Flight Planning Page
3)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
AUX page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-1
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
10.2 Flight Planning Page
3)
The Flight Planning Page (Figure 10-4) provides access
(via ‘menu options’) to E6B functions for fuel planning,
trip planning, density altitude/true airspeed/winds aloft
calculations, and a ‘Crossfill’ function to transfer flight
plans/user waypoints to a second 400/500-series Garmin
unit. When a menu option is selected, the corresponding
page appears providing additional information and
features.
Press the ENT Key (Figure 10-5) to display the
desired page.
Menu Options (to Select,
Highlight with Cursor and
Press the ENT Key)
Figure 10-5 Density Alt/TAS/Winds Page
The following menu options are available:
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 10-4 Flight Planning Page
Selecting a menu option from the Flight
Planning Page:
1)
Press the small right knob momentarily, to
activate the flashing cursor (Figure 10-4).
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
menu option.
10-2
• Fuel Planning - When equipped with fuel flow
(FF) and/or fuel on board (FOB) sensors, this
option displays current fuel conditions along
the active direct-to or flight plan. The pilot may
also manually enter fuel flow, ground speed (GS)
and (in some instances) fuel on board figures for
planning purposes. Fuel planning figures can be
displayed not only for the currently active flight
plan or direct-to, but also point-to-point between
two specified waypoints and for any programmed
flight plan.
Fuel planning figures can be entered and
displayed based upon one of three possible
configurations:
♦ No fuel sensors connected - In this instance
fuel flow is manually entered and is used
to calculate fuel on board. When fuel flow
or fuel on board is manually entered, the
figures are retained the next time the page is
displayed (with fuel on board continuously
recalculated).
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
♦ Fuel flow sensor installed, but no fuel on
board sensor - Fuel on board is manually
entered. Fuel flow is automatically provided
by sensor. If fuel flow is manually entered
(to override the sensor), it does not affect the
FOB figure and is not retained the next time
the page is displayed.
♦ Fuel flow and fuel on board sensors installed
- Fuel flow and fuel on board are automatically provided by sensors. Fuel on board can
NOT be entered manually. Fuel flow can be
entered manually, but does not affect the FOB
figure and is not retained the next time the
page is displayed.
• Trip Planning - Allows the pilot to view desired
track (DTK), distance (DIS), estimated time
enroute (ETE), enroute safe altitude (ESA), and
estimated time of arrival (ETA) information for a
direct-to, point-to-point between two specified
waypoints, or for any programmed flight plan.
This option also displays the sunrise/sunset times
for your destination waypoint (for the selected
departure date).
NOTE: Point-to-point waypoints, flight plans,
and/or ground speed (default is current GPScalculated ground speed) entered on the Fuel
Planning Page automatically transfers to the Trip
Planning Page, and vice versa.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• Density Alt/TAS/Winds - Indicates the
theoretical altitude at which the aircraft can
perform depending upon several environmental
conditions, including indicated altitude (IND
ALT), barometric pressure (BARO), and total air
temperature (TAT; the temperature, including the
heating effect of speed, read on a standard outside
temperature gauge). This menu option computes
true airspeed (TAS), based upon the factors
above and the calibrated airspeed (CAS). Also,
this menu option determines winds aloft (the
wind direction and speed) and a head wind/tail
wind component, based upon the calculated
density altitude (DEN ALT), true airspeed, aircraft
heading (HDG), and ground speed.
• Scheduler - Displays reminder messages (such as
‘Change oil’, ‘Switch fuel tanks’, ‘Overhaul’, etc.).
One-time, periodic, and event-based messages
are allowed. One-time messages appear once
the timer expires and reappear each time the
GNS 530 is powered on, until the message is
deleted. Periodic messages automatically reset
to the original timer value, once the message is
displayed. Event-based messages do not use a
timer, but rather a specific date and time.
• Crossfill - Allows the pilot to transfer the active
flight plan, any stored flight plan, a user waypoint,
or all user waypoints between two 400/500-series
Garmin units in a dual-unit installation. See
Section 5.1, Flight Plan Catalog Options and
information following in this section for details.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-3
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Flight Planning Page: Fuel Planning
Performing fuel planning operations:
1)
Select ‘Fuel Planning’ from the Flight Planning
Page, using the steps described in Section
10.2.
2)
The current fuel planning ‘mode’ is displayed at
the top of the page: ‘POINT TO POINT’ or ‘FPL’
(for a flight plan). To change the mode, press
the MENU Key to display the Fuel Planning
Page Menu for the other mode, then press the
ENT Key to accept the other mode.
3)
Figure 10-6 Fuel Planning Page, Point-to-Point
4)
NOTE: The ‘Change Fields?’ option above is only
available on GNS 530 installations which include
a Shadin fuel computer. In these installations, use
the ‘Change Fields?’ option to review separate
fuel information for left and right engines.
For point-to-point fuel planning (Figure 10-6),
turn the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the ‘from’ waypoint. Once
the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the
ENT Key to accept the waypoint. The flashing
cursor moves to the ‘to’ waypoint. Again, turn
the small and large right knobs to enter the
identifier of the ‘to’ waypoint and press the
ENT Key to accept the waypoint. OR,
For flight plan fuel planning (Figure 10-7), turn
the small right knob to select the desired flight
plan by number (already stored in memory;
00 is the active flight plan). Turn the large
right knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field and
turn the small right knob to select the desired
leg of the flight plan, or select ‘Cum’ to apply
fuel planning calculations to the entire flight
plan.
Figure 10-7 Fuel Planning Page, Flight Plan
5)
10-4
If the fuel management system does not enter
the data automatically, turn the large right
knob to highlight the fuel on board (FOB)
field.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
6)
7)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the amount of fuel on board. Press the ENT
Key when finished.
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel flow (FF)
field. Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the fuel flow rate. Press the ENT Key
when finished. Note that if a fuel system is
providing current fuel flow, the fuel flow field
defaults to this value.
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed
(GS) field. Use the small and large right knobs
to enter the ground speed. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
9)
With all variables entered, the following
information is provided:
•
REQ - Quantity of fuel required
•
LFOB - Left-over fuel on board
•
LRES - Left-over fuel reserve time
•
EFF - Efficiency, expressed in distance per fuel
units (e.g., nautical miles per gallon)
•
RNG - Range (distance)
•
ENDUR - Flight endurance, or total available
flight time
10) To reconfigure the data fields press the MENU
Key to display the options window (Figure
10-13). Turn the small right knob to highlight
the ‘change fields?’ option. Press the ENT Key
to reconfigure the data fields. Turn the large
right knob to select the desired field. Turn
the small right knob to highlight the desired
data. Press the ENT Key to select the data
configuration.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Flight Planning Page: Trip Planning
Performing trip planning operations:
1)
Select ‘Trip Planning’ from the Flight Planning
Page, using the steps described in this
section.
2)
The current trip planning ‘leg mode’ is displayed
at the top of the page: ‘POINT TO POINT’ or
‘FPL LEG’ (for a flight plan leg). To change the
leg mode, press the MENU Key to display the
Flight Planning Page Menu for the other leg
mode, then press the ENT Key to accept the
other leg mode.
3)
For point-to-point trip planning, turn the small
and large right knobs to enter the identifier
of the ‘from’ waypoint. Once the waypoint’s
identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves
to the ‘to’ waypoint (Figure 10-14). Again, turn
the small and large right knobs to enter the
identifier of the ‘to’ waypoint and press the
ENT Key to accept the waypoint. OR,
4)
For ‘flight plan leg’ trip planning, turn the small
right knob to select the desired flight plan
(already stored in memory), by number. Turn
the large right knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field
(Figure 10-15) and turn the small right knob
to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘Cum’ to apply trip planning calculations
to the entire flight plan.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-5
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
5)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
departure time (DEP TIME) field (Figure
10-8).
Flight Planning Page: Density Alt/TAS/Winds
Calculating density altitude, true airspeed,
and winds aloft:
1)
Select ‘Density Alt/TAS/Winds’ from the Flight
Planning Page, using the steps described at the
beginning of this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the indicated
altitude (IND ALT) field. Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the altitude indicated on
the altimeter (Figure 10-9). Press the ENT Key
when finished.
Figure 10-8 Departure Time Field Highlighted
6)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the departure time. Press the ENT Key when
finished. Departure time may be entered in local
or UTC time, depending upon unit settings, see
Section 10.4, Setup Page: Date/Time.
7)
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed
(GS) field. Use the small and large right knobs
to enter the ground speed. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
8)
With all variables entered, the following
information is provided:
•
DTK - Desired track, or desired course
•
DIS - Distance
•
ETE - Estimated time enroute
•
ESA - Enroute safe altitude
•
ETA - Estimated time of arrival
10-6
Figure 10-9 Indicated Altitude Selected
3)
The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated
airspeed (CAS) field. Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the airspeed from the
airspeed indicator. Press the ENT Key when
finished.
4)
The flashing cursor moves to the barometric
pressure (BARO) field. Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the barometric pressure
(altimeter setting). Press the ENT Key when
finished.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
5)
The flashing cursor moves to the total air
temperature (TAT) field. Use the small and
large right knobs to enter the temperature
(Figure 10-10). Press the ENT Key when
finished.
Figure 10-10 TAT Selected
6)
The flashing cursor moves to the aircraft
heading (HDG) field. Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the aircraft heading from
the directional gyro or compass. Press the ENT
Key when finished.
7)
With all variables entered, the following
information is provided:
•
DEN ALT - Density altitude
•
TAS - True airspeed
•
WIND - Wind direction and speed
•
HEAD/TAIL WIND - Magnitude of head wind
or tail wind component
Flight Planning Page: Scheduler
Entering a scheduled message:
1)
Select ‘Scheduler’ from the Flight Planning Page,
using the steps described in this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the first message
field. If necessary, turn the large right knob
to highlight the first blank message field.
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the message text. Press the ENT Key when
finished. (The GNS 530 stores up to nine
scheduled messages holding 20 characters
each.)
4)
The flashing cursor moves to the type field
under the new message. Turn the small right
knob to display a window of available options
(Figure 10-11): Event, One Time, Periodic.
Press the ENT Key to select.
Figure 10-11 Type Field Highlighted
NOTE: If the installation includes components
(such as an airdata sensor) to provide any of the
variables above, the Density Alt/TAS/Winds Page
data defaults to the values provided by these
components.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-7
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
5)
The flashing cursor moves to the time/date field.
Use the small and large right knobs to set the
time or date (Figure 10-12) required before
the message is displayed. Time is entered as
hours/minutes/seconds (hhh:mm:ss). Eventbased messages expire at a specific date and
time. Press the ENT Key when finished.
Deleting a scheduled message:
1)
Select ‘Scheduler’ from the Flight Planning Page,
using the steps described in this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the first message
field. Turn the large right knob to highlight
the desired message field.
3)
Press the CLR Key to delete the message
text, followed by the ENT Key to confirm the
deletion.
Flight Planning Page: Crossfill
Select ‘Crossfill?’ from the Flight Planning Page, the
Default NAV Page, or Active Flight Plan Page by pressing
the MENU Key, and then scrolling down to ‘Crossfill’ and
pressing the ENT key.
The crossfill method options are Auto or Manual:
Figure 10-12 Date Field Selected
Editing a scheduled message:
1)
Select ‘Scheduler’ from the Flight Planning Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the first message
field.
3)
To edit the message text, turn the large right
knob to highlight the desired message field.
Use the small and large right knobs to edit the
message text—entering the new text directly
over the old message. Press the ENT Key when
finished.
4)
10-8
To edit the time field, turn the large right
knob to highlight the field. Use the small and
large right knobs to edit the new date or
time—entering the new value directly over the
old figure. Press the ENT Key when finished.
• Automatic Operation: If both units are set to
automatic, a change in the active flight plan of
one unit is also be seen in the other. Initiating a
direct-to to a waypoint on one unit also initiates a
direct-to to the same waypoint on the other unit.
If one unit is set for automatic crossfill and the
other is set for manual crossfill, then only the
auto unit automatically sends data to the manual
unit. In this configuration, the auto unit could be
thought of as the master unit.
• Manual Operation: If manual operation is
desired, the pilot must invoke all transfers
from that unit. When a unit is configured for
automatic transfer, a manual transfer can also
be done on command. If either of the messages
‘data transfer error’ or ‘data transfer cancelled’ are
received during an automatic or manual transfer,
the pilot must force another transfer.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Transferring flight plans or user waypoints
to/from a second 400/500-series unit:
1)
Select ‘Crossfill’ from the Flight Planning Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the method field.
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Auto’ or
‘Manual’ (Figure 10-13). ‘Auto’ automatically
transfers any selection of (or any change to) a
direct-to destination or active flight plan to a
second 400/500-series Garmin unit.
3)
The flashing cursor highlights the transfer data
option (TRANSFER) field. Turn the small right
knob to display a window of available data
options (Figure 10-14).
Figure 10-14 Transfer Window
• Active Flight Plan - Transfer the active flight plan
to/from a second 400/500-series Garmin unit in
a dual unit installation. This option is the default
when selecting ‘Crossfill’ from the Active Flight
Plan Page.
Figure 10-13 Crossfill Method Window
NOTE: Crossfill requires both 400/500-series
units to have the same Jeppesen NavData
database cycle number.
• Flight Plan - Transfer any stored flight plan
to/from a second 400/500-series unit, by selecting
the flight plan by number. This option is the
default when selecting ‘Crossfill’ from the Flight
Plan Catalog Page. See also Section 5.1, Flight
Plan Catalog Page Options.
• User Waypoints (all) - Transfer all stored user
waypoints to/from a second 400/500-series unit.
• User Waypoint - Transfer the specified user
waypoint to a second 400/500-series unit.
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4)
Continue turning the small right knob to select
the desired data option. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
5)
For a stored flight plan (‘Flight Plan’ data
option), the flight plan number field is
highlighted. Turn the small right knob to
select the desired flight plan and press the
ENT Key.
6)
For a specified user waypoint (‘User Waypoint’
data option), the waypoint identifier field is
highlighted. Use the small and large right
knobs to enter the identifier of the desired user
waypoint. Press the ENT Key when finished.
7)
The flashing cursor moves to the ‘CROSS-SIDE’
field. Turn the small right knob to select ‘To’
or ‘From’ and press the ENT Key.
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the ‘Initiate
Transfer?’ confirmation field. Press the ENT
Key to transfer the selected data.
10.3 Utility Page
The Utility Page (Figure 10-15) provides access (via
menu options) to checklists, a count down/up timer, trip
timers, trip statistics, RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring) prediction, software versions, database
versions, and terrain database version information. When
a menu option is selected, the corresponding page appears
providing additional information and features.
NOTE: Scroll down to view the last 3 items
(Software Versions, Database Versions, and
Terrain Database Versions) listed on the Utility
Page.
Menu Options (to Select,
Highlight with Cursor and
Press the ENT Key)
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 10-15 Utility Page
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Selecting a menu option from the Utility
Page:
1)
Press the small right knob momentarily, to
activate the flashing cursor (Figure 10-15).
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
menu option
3)
Press the ENT Key to view the selected page
(Figure 10-16).
Figure 10-16 Trip Statistics Page
The following menu options are available:
• Checklists - Provides up to nine different userdefined checklists containing up to 30 items each.
• Flight Timers - Provides count up/down timers,
plus automatic recording of departure time and
total trip time. Departure and total trip time
recording can be configured to run either any time
GNS 530 power is on, or only when ground speed
exceeds 30 knots.
• Trip Statistics - Provides readouts for trip
odometers, average speed, and maximum speed.
These readouts are resettable (individually or all
at once) by pressing the MENU Key to display the
Trip Statistics Page Menu.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• RAIM Prediction - Predicts if GPS coverage is
available for the current location or at a specified
waypoint at any time and date. Receiver
Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM)
performs checks to ensure that the GNS 530
will have adequate satellite geometry during
the flight. RAIM availability is near 100% in
Oceanic, Enroute, and Terminal phases of flight.
Because FAA TSO requirements for non-precision
approaches specify significantly better satellite
coverage than other flight phases, RAIM may not
be available when flying some approaches. The
GNS 530 automatically monitors RAIM during
approach operations and warn the pilot if RAIM is
not available. In such cases, use an external LOC
receiver instead for many of the non-precision
and precision approaches stored on the Jeppesen
NavData Card. RAIM prediction helps the pilot
plan for a pending flight to confirm GPS operation
during an approach.
An ‘INTEG’ annunciation at the bottom left corner
of the screen (Figure 10-17) indicates that satellite
coverage is insufficient to pass built-in RAIM tests.
When this occurs, the GPS receiver continues to
provide navigation information, but should not
be used for primary navigation guidance. Use an
alternate navigation source.
Figure 10-17 ‘INTEG’ Annunciation
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If a ‘WARN’ annunciation appears at the
bottom left corner, GPS satellite coverage may
be sufficient, but the GNS 530 has detected a
position error which exceeds protection limits.
In this condition, all GPS navigation data on the
GNS 530 is disabled. Use an alternate navigation
source.
• Software Versions - Provides software version
information for the operating software within
the GPS receiver, COM transceiver, and main
processor board.
Utility Page: Checklists
Creating a checklist:
1)
Select ‘Checklist’ from the Utility Page using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section (10.3). Press the ENT Key to display a
list of checklists.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Checklist
Page Menu (Figure 10-18). Turn the large
right knob to select ‘Create New Checklist?’
and press the ENT Key.
• Database Versions - Displays the current Jeppesen
database type and expiration date, along with the
version and type of built-in land database.
• Terrain Database Versions - Displays the current
version and area of coverage of each terrain and
obstacle database. If a database is found to be
missing and/or deficient, the TAWS system fails
the self-test and issues a failure message.
Figure 10-18 Checklist Page Menu
10-12
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the name of a checklist. Press the ENT Key
when finished. (Up to nine different checklists
can be created and stored in the GNS 530.)
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
each checklist item, followed each time by the
ENT Key. Each checklist may contain up to 30
line items of as much as 16 characters long.
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Executing a checklist:
1)
2)
With the Checklists Page displayed, turn the
large right knob to select the desired checklist
and press the ENT Key.
As each checklist item is completed, press the
ENT Key to move to the next item on the list.
Inserting a checklist step into an existing
checklist:
1)
With the Checklists Page displayed, turn the
large right knob to select the desired checklist
and press the ENT Key.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
existing checklist entry which immediately
follows the new checklist step.
3)
Turn the small and large right knobs to enter
the new checklist step. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
Editing a checklist:
1)
With the Checklists Page displayed, turn the
large right knob to select the desired checklist
and press the ENT Key.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display an options
menu. Select ‘Edit Item?’ and press the ENT
Key, then use the small and large right knobs
to edit each checklist item. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
Deleting a checklist or all checklists:
1)
With the Checklists Page displayed, press the
MENU Key to display an options menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select ‘delete
checklist’ or ‘delete all checklists’ and press
the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted on the confirmation
window (figure 10-19), press the ENT Key
to remove the checklist or all checklists from
memory.
Figure 10-19 Delete Checklist Confirmation Window
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Utility Page: Flight Timers
Copying a checklist:
1)
With the Checklists Page displayed and the
desired checklist selected, press the MENU
Key.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select ‘Copy
Checklist? and press the ENT Key to copy
the checklist to an empty checklist memory
location.
Viewing, using, or resetting the generic
timer:
1)
Select ‘Flight Timers’ from the Utility Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section (10.3).
2)
The flashing cursor highlights ‘Start?’. To start
the generic timer, press the ENT Key. Count up
timers typically begin with this step; however,
for count down timers, to enter a count
direction and time before starting the timer,
see the following steps.
3)
To change the count direction, turn the large
right knob to highlight the count direction
field (Figure 10-20): ‘Down’ or ‘Up’. Turn the
small right knob to select the desired count
direction. Press the ENT Key when finished.
Sorting the checklists by name or entry:
1)
With the Checklists Page displayed, press the
MENU Key to display an options menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select ‘Sort List
By Entry?’ or ‘Sort List By Name?’ and press
the ENT Key.
Figure 10-20 Count Window
4)
10-14
For a count down timer, turn the large right
knob to highlight the time field. Use the small
and large right knobs to enter the count down
time—in hours, minutes, and seconds. Press
the ENT Key when finished.
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5)
6)
To stop the generic timer, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Stop? and press the ENT
Key.
Viewing, using, or resetting total trip time:
1)
To reset the generic timer, turn the large right
knob to highlight the time field. Press the CLR
Key, followed by the ENT Key.
Select ‘Flight Timers’ from the Utility Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the reset
mode field, under ‘Total Trip Time’ (Figure 1022). The reset mode field indicates ‘Pwr-on’ or
‘GS>30kt’.
Recording or resetting the departure time:
1)
Select ‘Flight Timers’ from the Utility Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section (10.3).
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the reset
mode field, under ‘Departure Time’. The reset
mode field indicates ‘Pwr-on’ or ‘GS>30kt’.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
reset mode (Figure 10-21). ‘Pwr-on’ records
a departure time when the GNS 530 is turned
on. ‘GS>30kt’ records a departure time once
the GPS-computed ground speed exceeds 30
knots.
Figure 10-21 Departure Reset Mode Window
4)
Press the ENT Key when finished.
5)
To reset the departure time, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Reset?’ and press the ENT
Key.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 10-22 Total Trip Reset Mode Window
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
reset mode. ‘Pwr-on’ records trip time, in
hours/minutes/seconds, any time the GNS 530
is turned on. ‘GS>30kt’ records trip time any
time the GPS-computed ground speed exceeds
30 knots.
4)
Press the ENT Key when finished.
5)
To reset the total trip time, turn the large right
knob to highlight ‘Reset?’ and press the ENT
Key.
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Utility Page: Trip Statistics
Utility Page: RAIM Prediction
Resetting trip statistics readouts:
Predicting RAIM availability:
1)
Select ‘Trip Statistics’ from the Utility Page ,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
1)
Select ‘RAIM Prediction’ from the Utility Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Trip
Statistics Page Menu with several reset options
(Figure 10-23):
2)
•
Reset Trip? - Resets trip odometer and average
ground speed readouts
•
Reset Max Speed? - Resets maximum speed
readout only
•
Reset Odometer? - Resets odometer readout
only
The flashing cursor highlights the waypoint
field. Use the small and large right knobs
to enter the identifier of the waypoint at
which the pilot wants to determine RAIM
availability. Press the ENT Key when finished.
(To determine RAIM availability for the present
position, press the CLR Key, followed by the
ENT Key.)
3)
•
Reset All? - Resets all trip statistics readouts
The flashing cursor moves to the arrival date
field. Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the date for which the pilot wants to
determine RAIM availability. Press the ENT
Key when finished.
4)
The flashing cursor moves to the arrival time
field. Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the time for which the pilot wants to
determine RAIM availability. Press the ENT
Key when finished.
Figure 10-23 Trip Statistics Page Menu
3)
10-16
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
reset option and press the ENT Key.
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5)
The flashing cursor moves to ‘Compute
RAIM?’ (Figure 10-24). Press the ENT Key to
begin RAIM prediction. Once calculations are
complete, the GNS 530 displays one of the
following in the RAIM status field:
Utility Page: Software Versions
The Software Versions Page (Figure 10-25) displays
software version information for each of the various
subsystems contained within the GNS 530. This page
is for information purposes only—no user functions are
available from this page.
Figure 10-24 ‘Compute RAIM?’ Highlighted
•
RAIM Not Available - Satellite coverage is
predicted to NOT be sufficient for reliable
operation during non-precision approaches
•
RAIM Available - Satellite coverage is predicted
to be sufficient for reliable operation during
all flight phases, including non-precision
approaches
NOTE: RAIM computations predict satellite
coverage within ±15 minutes of the specified
arrival date and time. Refer to Section 10.4 for
specific information regarding RAIM protection
limits, also refer to Section 15 for FDE (Fault
Detection and Exclusion) information.
Figure 10-25 Software Versions Page
Utility Page: Database Versions
The Database Versions Page (Figure 10-26) displays
the navigation database type and version information as
well as the land database type and version. This page
is for information purposes only—no user functions are
available from this page.
Figure 10-26 Database Versions Page
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Utility Page: Terrain Database Versions
10.4 Setup Page
The Terrain Database Versions Page (Figure 10-27)
displays the current version and area of coverage of each
terrain and obstacle database. This page is for information
purposes only—no user functions are available from this
page.
The Setup Page (Figure 10-28) provides access (via
menu options) to airspace alarms, CDI scale adjustment, an
arrival alarm, units of measure settings, position formats,
map datums, and settings for local or UTC time display.
When a menu option is selected, the corresponding page
appears providing access to the various unit settings.
Menu Options (to Select,
Highlight with Cursor and
Press the ENT Key)
Figure 10-27 Terrain Database Versions Page
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
Figure 10-28 Setup Page
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Selecting a menu option from the Setup
Page:
1)
Press the small right knob momentarily, to
activate the flashing cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
menu option, and press the ENT Key (Figure
10-29).
During approach operations the CDI scale
gradually ramps down even further, to 0.3 nm.
This transition normally occurs within 2.0 nm of
the final approach fix (FAF). If a lower CDI scale
setting is selected (i.e., 1.0 nm or 0.3 nm) the
higher scale settings are not selected during any
phase of flight. For example, if 1.0 nm is selected,
the GNS 530 uses this for the enroute and
terminal phase and ramp down to 0.3 nm during
an approach. Note that the Receiver Autonomous
Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) protection limits
listed in Table 10-2 follow the selected CDI scale
and corresponding modes:
CDI Scales and Corresponding Flight Phases
Oceanic
Figure 10-29 Units/Position Page
The following menu options are available:
• ‘CDI/Alarms’ - Allows the pilot to define the scale
for the GNS 530’s on-screen course deviation
indicator. The scale values represent full scale
deflection for the CDI to either side (Figure
10-30). The default setting is ‘Auto’. At this
setting, the CDI scale is set to 5 nm during the
enroute/oceanic phase of flight. Within 30 nm
of the destination airport the CDI scale gradually
ramps down to 1.0 nm (terminal area). Likewise
when leaving the departure airport the CDI scale
is set to 1.0 nm and gradually ramps UP to 5 nm
beyond 30 nm (from the departure airport).
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
(for each scale/phase to be available,
‘Selected CDI’ must be set to ‘5.00nm’)
Figure 10-30 CDI Scales
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CDI Scale/Flight Phase:
Auto (oceanic)
RAIM Protection:
4.0 nm
±5.0 nm or Auto (enroute)
±1.0 nm or Auto (terminal)
±0.3 nm or Auto (approach)
2.0 nm
1.0 nm
0.3 nm
Table 10-2 CDI Scales
An ‘auto’ ILS CDI selection allows the GNS 530
to automatically switch the external CDI from
the GPS receiver to the VLOC receiver, when
established on the final approach course (Section
6.3). Or, select ‘manual’ to manually switch the
external CDI connection, as needed.
An arrival alarm, provided on the CDI/Alarms
Page, may be set to notify the pilot with a message
when the aircraft has reached a user-defined
distance to the final destination (the direct-to
waypoint or the last waypoint in a flight plan).
Once the aircraft has reached the set distance (up
to 99.9 units), an ‘Arrival at [waypoint]’ message
is displayed.
The Airspace Alarms fields allow the pilot to
turn the controlled/special-use airspace message
alerts on or off. This does not affect the alerts
listed on the Nearest Airspace Page or the
airspace boundaries depicted on the Map Page. It
simply turns on/off the warning provided when
approaching or near an airspace.
An altitude buffer is also provided which ‘expands’
the vertical range above or below an airspace. For
example, if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft
is more than 500 feet above or below an airspace,
the pilot is not notified with an alert message; if
the aircraft is less than 500 feet above or below an
airspace and projected to enter it, the pilot is notified
with an alert message. The default is 200 feet.
10-20
• ‘Units/Position’ - Allows the pilot to configure
the displayed data to standard or metric units of
measure. This setting applies to distance, speed,
altitude, fuel, pressure, and temperature. Also
provides three magnetic variation (heading)
options: True, Auto, or User-defined. If ‘Auto’ is
selected, all track, course and heading information
is corrected to the magnetic variation computed
by the GPS receiver. The ‘True’ setting references
all information to true north, and the ‘User’ setting
corrects information to an user-entered value.
Configuration settings for position format are
also provided, and the map datum setting is
shown. The map datum used in the GNS 530
is WGS 84. Note that a map datum that does
not match the charts can result in significant
differences in position information. When using
the paper charts for reference only, the GNS 530
still provides correct navigation guidance to the
waypoints contained in the database, regardless of
the datum differences.
• ‘Date/Time’ - Provides settings for time format
(local or UTC; 12- or 24-hour) and time offset.
The time offset is used to define current local
time. UTC (also called GMT or Zulu) date
and time are calculated directly from the GPS
satellites’ signals and cannot be changed. To use
local time, simply designate the offset by adding
or subtracting the correct number of hours.
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• ‘Display Backlight’ - Allows the pilot to adjust the
display for optimum viewing in any condition.
Automatic backlighting is available which uses
a built-in photocell (at the top left corner of
the display bezel) to make the proper display
adjustments without any user intervention. The
pilot may also select manual control of the display
contrast and backlighting of the GNS 530’s
display.
• ‘Nearest Airport Criteria’ - Defines the minimum
runway length and surface type used when
determining the nine nearest airports to display
on the Nearest Airport Page. A minimum runway
length and/or surface type may be entered to
prevent airports with small runways, or runways
that are not of appropriate surface, from being
displayed. The default settings are ‘0 feet (or
meters)’ for runway length and ‘any’ for runway
surface type.
• ‘Data Field Configuration’ - Allows the pilot to
select what type of data is displayed in the data
field directly below the VLOC Window. Available
data options are: VOR/LOC data, or a configurable
data field (to display information such as ground
speed, track, or distance to destination). If the
GNS 530 is interfaced with a traffic information
device (see Section 14), thumbnail traffic can be
configured for display in the data field.
Setup Page: CDI/Alarms
Setting the airspace warning messages or
changing the altitude buffer:
1)
Select ‘CDI/Alarms’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
‘On’/’Off’ field next to the desired airspace
type. ‘MOAs & Other Airspace’ includes military
operation, alert, caution, danger, training, and
warning areas.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’,
as desired (Figure 10-31). Press the ENT Key
to accept the selection.
Figure 10-31 Restricted Alarm Window
• ‘COM Configuration’ - Allows the pilot to select 8.33
kHz or 25.0 kHz COM frequency channel spacing.
NOTE: 8.33 kHz VHF communication frequency
channel spacing is not approved for use in the
United States. Select the 25.0 kHz channel
spacing option for use in the United States.
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4)
To change the altitude buffer, turn the large
right knob to highlight the ‘Altitude Buffers’
field (Figure 10-32). Use the small and large
right knobs to enter the desired buffer
distance. Press the ENT Key when finished.
Setup Page: CDI Scale/Alarms
Changing the maximum CDI scale:
1)
Select ‘CDI/Alarms’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the ‘Selected CDI’
field (Figure 10-33). Turn the small right knob
to select the desired CDI scale. The selected
scale and any lower scale settings are used
during the various phases of flight as described
at the beginning of this section.
Figure 10-32 Buffer Distance Field Selected
NOTE: When an approach has been loaded into
the active flight plan, airspace alert messages
are disabled within 30nm of the destination
airport.
Figure 10-33 Selected CDI Field Highlighted
3)
10-22
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
scale. The ‘System CDI’ field displays the CDI
scale currently in use. The ‘System CDI’ setting
may differ from the ‘Selected CDI’ depending
upon the current phase of flight (as described
previously in this section).
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Changing the ILS CDI scale:
1)
2)
3)
Select ‘CDI/Alarms’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the ‘ILS
CDI Capture’ field.
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Auto’ or
‘Manual’ as desired (Figure 10-34). Press the
ENT Key to accept the selection.
Setting the arrival alarm and alarm
distance:
1)
Select ‘CDI/Alarms’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
‘On’/’Off’ field (directly below ‘Arrival Alarm’).
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘On’ or
‘Off’, as desired. Press the ENT Key to accept
the selection.
4)
The flashing cursor moves to the alarm distance
field (to the immediate right of ‘On’ or ‘Off’).
To enter an arrival alarm distance, use the small
and large right knobs to enter the desired
alarm distance. Press the ENT Key when
finished.
Figure 10-34 ILS CDI Window
190-00181-00 Rev. H
NOTE: The CDI scale is always measured in
nautical miles, regardless of the current distance
units of measure selected on the Units/Position
Page.
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Setup Page: Units/Position
Changing the units of measure:
Setting the magnetic variation:
1)
2)
Select ‘Units/Position’ from the Setup Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
1)
Select ‘Units/Position’ from the Setup Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the desired
units of measure category (Figure 10-36).
The flashing cursor highlights the heading
mode field. Turn the small right knob to
select the desired heading mode: Auto, True,
or User (Figure 10-35). Press the ENT Key to
accept the selection. (The heading modes are
described at the beginning of this section.)
Figure 10-36 Temp Units Window
The following categories, and corresponding units of
measure, are available:
•
DIS, SPD - Distance and speed in Nautical
(nautical miles/knots), Statute (miles/miles
per hour), or Metric (kilometers/kilometers
per hour) terms
•
ALT, VS - Altitude and vertical speed in Feet/
feet per minute, Meters/meters per minute, or
Meters/meters per second
•
PRESSURE - Barometric pressure in Inches or
Millibars
•
TEMP - Temperature in degrees Celsius or
Fahrenheit
•
FUEL - Fuel units in Gallons, Imperial Gallons,
Kilograms, Liters, or Pounds
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
units of measure for the selected category.
Press the ENT Key to accept the selection.
Figure 10-35 Heading Mode Window
3)
10-24
If ‘User’ is selected, the flashing cursor moves
to the user value field (to the immediate right of
‘User’). Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the desired magnetic variation direction
and value. Press the ENT Key when finished.
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Changing the position format:
Displaying the map datum:
1)
Select ‘Units/Position’ from the Setup Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
1)
Select ‘Units/Position’ from the Setup Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
‘Position Format’ field (Figure 10-37).
2)
The WGS 84 map datum is displayed (Figure
10-38), this field cannot be changed.
Figure 10-37 Position Format Window
3)
Figure 10-38 Units/Position Page
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
position format.
The following position formats are available:
•
hddd°mm.mmm’ - Latitude and longitude in
degrees and decimal minutes
•
hddd°mm’ss.s’ - Latitude and longitude in
degrees, minutes, and decimal seconds
•
MGRS - Military Grid Reference System
•
UTM/UPS - Universal Transverse Mercator/
Universal Polar Stereographic grids
3)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
format.
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Setup Page: Date/Time
Setting the local time:
Displaying local time or UTC:
1)
2)
Select ‘Date/Time’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
1)
Select ‘Date/Time’ from the Setup Page, using
the steps described at the beginning of this
section.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the time
offset field (Figure 10-40).
The flashing cursor highlights the time format
field. Turn the small right knob to display a
window of available time formats: Local 12hr,
Local 24hr, or UTC (Figure 10-39).
Figure 10-40 Time Offset Field Selected
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the desired offset, beginning by entering a
minus (-) or plus (+) sign to indicate whether
the offset is behind UTC or ahead of UTC. In
the United States, all local time offsets use
minus, or behind UTC.
4)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
offset.
Figure 10-39 Time Format Window
3)
Continue turning the small right knob to select
the desired time format.
4)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selection.
10-26
NOTE: When a local time offset is entered, only
‘Local 12 hour’ or ‘Local 24 hour’ can be selected.
The ‘UTC’ time format setting ignores any time
offset entry.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
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SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Setup Page: Display Backlight
Setup Page: Nearest Airport Criteria
Changing the backlighting intensity:
1)
2)
Select ‘Display Backlight’ from the Setup Page,
using the steps described at the beginning of
this section.
The flashing cursor highlights the backlight
mode field. Turn the small right knob to
select the desired mode: Auto or Manual
(Figure 10-41). Press the ENT Key to accept
the selection.
Setting the minimum runway length and
runway surface:
1)
Select ‘Nearest Airport Criteria’ from the
Setup Page, using the steps described at the
beginning of this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the runway
surface field (Figure 10-42). Turn the small
right knob to select the desired surface. The
following options are available:
•
Any surface
•
Hard surfaces only
•
Hard or Soft surfaces
•
Water landings only
Figure 10-41 Backlight Mode Window
3)
If ‘Manual’ is selected, the flashing cursor
moves to the backlight level field. Turn the
small right knob to select the desired level.
Press the ENT Key to accept the selection.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 10-42 Surface Type Window
3)
Press the ENT Key to accept the runway surface
selection.
4)
The flashing cursor moves to the minimum
runway length field. To enter a different
minimum runway length, use the small and
large right knobs to enter the desired length.
Press the ENT Key when finished.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-27
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Setup Page: Data Field Configuration
Configuring the Auxiliary Data Field:
1)
2)
Select ‘Data Field Configuration’ from the
Setup Page, using the steps described at the
beginning of this section..
Turn the small right knob to select an option
from the Auxiliary Configuration Window
(Figure 10-43). The following options are
available:
• VOR/LOC Data - Displays the identifier, distance,
and radial from the tuned VOR station active
in the VLOC window. When tuned to a nearby
localizer; the localizer identifier, associated airport, and runway are displayed instead.
• Configurable Data Fields - Displays a user-selectable data field of navigation data (see Table 10-3
for available options).
• Traffic Watch - If the GNS 530 is connected to
other equipment providing traffic alert information, a window is provided to display traffic
information. This allows traffic monitoring from
any page to quickly identify traffic hazards.
NOTE: The ‘Traffic’ selection in the Auxiliary
Configuration Field is only available if the GNS
530 is configured for interface with a traffic
information device (see Section 14).
3)
Press the ENT Key to accept the data type.
4)
If ‘Configurable Data Fields’ is selected, a
second selection field appears. Turn the large
right knob to highlight this second field, then
turn the small right knob to display a list of
available navigation data types (Table 10-3).
Continue turning the small right knob to
select the desired data type and press the ENT
Key to confirm the selection.
Abbreviation
BRG
CTS
DIS
DTK
ESA
ETA
FLOW
GS
MSA
TKE
TRK
VSR
WPT
XTK
Data Type
Bearing
Course To Steer
Distance
Desired Track
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Time of Arrival
Total Fuel Flow
Ground Speed
Minimum Safe Altitude
Track Angle Error
Track
Vertical Speed Required
Active Waypoint
Cross Track Error
Table 10-3
5)
Figure 10-43 AUX Configuration Window
10-28
Press the small right knob to remove the cursor
and return to the Setup Page.
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SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Setup Page: COM Configuration
Restoring Factory Settings
Setting the COM channel spacing:
1)
Select ‘COM Configuration’ from the Setup
Page, using the steps described at the beginning
of this section.
2)
The flashing cursor highlights the channel
spacing field (Figure 10-44). Turn the small
right knob to select the desired channel
spacing: 8.33 kHz or 25.0 kHz. Press the ENT
Key when finished.
When making changes to any Setup Page option, a
‘Restore Defaults?’ menu selection allows the pilot to
restore the original factory settings (for the selected option
only). For example, with the CDI/Alarms Page displayed,
the ‘Restore Defaults?’ option restores all airspace alarms
and CDI settings to the original factory values.
Restoring a Setup Page option to the original factory settings:
1)
Select the desired menu option from the
Setup Page, using the steps described at the
beginning of this section.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the CDI/Alarms
Page Menu (Figure 10-45).
Figure 10-44 Channel Spacing Window
Figure 10-45 CDI/Alarms Page Menu
3)
190-00181-00 Rev. H
With ‘Restore Defaults?’ highlighted, press the
ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
10-29
SECTION 10
AUX PAGES
Blank Page
10-30
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 11
VERTICAL NAVIGATION
SECTION 11: VERTICAL
NAVIGATION (VNAV)
Displaying the Vertical Navigation Page:
Press the VNAV key.
The GNS 530’s Vertical Navigation Page (Figure 11-2)
allows you to create a three-dimensional profile (Figure
11-1) which guides you from your present position and
altitude to a final (target) altitude at a specified location.
This is helpful when you’d like to descend to a certain
altitude near an airport or climb to an altitude before
reaching a route or direct-to waypoint. Once the profile is
defined, message alerts and additional data on the Default
NAV and Map Pages keep you informed of your progress.
Target Altitude and Altitude
Reference (AGL or MSL)
Target Distance
(from reference)
Vertical
Speed
Required
Vertical Speed
Desired
NOTE: To use the vertical navigation features,
the ground speed must be greater than 35 knots
and direct-to navigation or a flight plan must be
activated.
Current Page
Figure 11-2 VNAV Page
L
CA
I
RT
VE
LE
FI
O
PR
VER
TIC
N
CURRENT ALTITUDE
AND POSITION
IO
AT
G
VI
NA
TIME AND DISTANCE
TO PROFILE
AL
SPE
ED
RE
Q
UIR
ED
TARGET ALTITUDE
AND POSITION
DISTANCE TO TARGET
AIRPORT
Figure 11-1 VNAV Profile
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
11-1
SECTION 11
VERTICAL NAVIGATION
Creating a vertical navigation profile:
1)
Press the VNAV Key to display the Vertical
Navigation Page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
With the TARGET ALTITUDE field highlighted
(Figure 11-3), turn the small and large right
knobs to select the target altitude, and press
the ENT Key.
6)
Turn the small right knob to select “Before”
or “After” (Figure 11-4), and press the ENT
Key. This setting designates whether the offset
distance defines a point before you reach the
target reference waypoint or after you reach
the waypoint.
Figure 11-4 Position Window
7)
When using a flight plan, the target reference
waypoint itself can be specified from the
waypoints contained in the flight plan. By
default, the last waypoint in the flight plan is
selected. To select a different waypoint, turn
the small right knob to select the desired
waypoint and press the ENT Key.
8)
The default profile utilizes a 400 foot-perminute descent rate. To change the rate, turn
the large right knob to highlight the “VS
Profile” field and use the small and large right
knobs to enter a new rate. Press the ENT Key
when finished.
Figure 11-3 Target Altitude Selected
4)
5)
11-2
Turn the small right knob to select “Above
Wpt” (AGL) or “MSL” and press the ENT Key.
“Above Wpt” uses the altitude of a destination
airport as stored on the Jeppesen NavData
card. “MSL” lets you set a specific target
altitude for any waypoint category: airport,
VOR, NDB, intersection or user waypoint.
Turn the small and large right knobs to select
a distance from the target reference waypoint
and press the ENT Key. If the target altitude
should occur at the target reference waypoint,
enter a distance of zero.
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SECTION 11
VERTICAL NAVIGATION
With the profile set, the vertical speed required (VSR)
is displayed on the Vertical Navigation Page. Expect the
following to occur when using the vertical navigation
feature:
• At one minute prior to reaching the initial descent
point, a message “Approaching VNAV Profile”
(Figure 11-5) occurs. The descent (or climb)
angle also locks to prevent changes in speed from
altering the profile.
• At 500 feet above (or below, for a climb) the
target altitude, an “Approaching Target Altitude”
message is provided (Figure 11-6). The VSR
readout on the Default NAV and Map Pages is
blanked out, at this point.
Figure 11-6 Target Altitude Message
Figure 11-5 VNAV Profile Message
• If selected, the vertical speed required (VSR)
readout on the default NAV and map pages shows
the desired vertical speed to maintain the proper
descent (or climb) angle.
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11-3
SECTION 11
VERTICAL NAVIGATION
Vertical navigation messages can be turned on or off.
(By default the messages are off.) Turning the messages
off allows you to keep the profile settings you’ve entered
previously, without having them generate messages when
the feature isn’t needed.
Restoring the factory default VNAV
settings:
1)
Press the MENU Key to display the Vertical Navigation Page Options menu (Figure
11-8).
Disabling/enabling the vertical navigation
(VNAV) messages:
1)
Press the MENU Key to display the Vertical
Navigation Page Options menu (Figure
11-7).
Figure 11-8 VNAV Page Options Menu
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight “Restore
Defaults?” and press the ENT Key.
Figure 11-7 VNAV Page Options Menu
2)
11-4
With “VNAV Messages On?” highlighted, press
the ENT Key. Or, if the messages are already
on and you wish to turn them off, make sure
‘VNAV Messages Off?’ is highlighted and press
the ENT Key.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
SECTION 12: TERRAIN
Limitations
NOTE: GNS 530 units may* display either a
TERRAIN Page or a TAWS Page, (but not both)
depending upon the installed hardware and
configuration.
* Some earlier units are not equipped to support the
TERRAIN and/or TAWS functionality, so therefore will not
have a TERRAIN or TAWS page available.
12.1 INTRODUCTION
Garmin TERRAIN is a non-TSO-C151b-certified
terrain awareness system incorporated into GNS 530
units to increase situational awareness and aid in
reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TERRAIN
functionality is a standard feature found in GNS 530 units
with main software version 6.01 or above, along with
appropriate hardware upgrades.
Operating Criteria
TERRAIN requires the following to operate properly:
• The system must have a valid 3-D GPS position
solution.
NOTE: The data contained in the TERRAIN
databases comes from government agencies.
Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates
the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and
completeness of the data.
TERRAIN displays terrain and obstructions relative
to the altitude of the aircraft. The displayed alerts are
advisory in nature only. Individual obstructions may
be shown if available in the database. However, all
obstructions may not be available in the database and
data may be inaccurate. Never use this information for
navigation or to maneuver to avoid obstacles.
Terrain information is based on terrain elevation
information in a database that may contain inaccuracies.
Terrain information should be used as an aid to situational
awareness. Never use it for navigation or to maneuver to
avoid terrain.
TERRAIN uses terrain and obstacle information
supplied by government sources. The data undergoes
verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content,
per TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information
should never be understood as being all-inclusive.
• The system must have a valid terrain/obstacle/
airport terrain database.
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GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
12-1
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
TERRAIN Alerting
Baro-Corrected Altitude
TERRAIN uses information provided from the GPS
receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude.
GPS altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS
altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based
altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to determine
TERRAIN alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected
by factors such as satellite geometry, but it is not subject
to variations in pressure and temperature that normally
affect pressure altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does
not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL
altitude. Therefore, GPS altitude provides a highly
accurate and reliable MSL altitude source to calculate
terrain and obstacle alerts.
TERRAIN utilizes terrain and obstacle databases that
are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TERRAIN displays a 2-D
picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative
to the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore,
the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to
calculate and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation
to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this manner,
TERRAIN can provide advanced alerts of predicted
dangerous terrain conditions. Detailed alert modes are
described later in this section.
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived
by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude
can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter
setting to the nearest reporting station along the flight
path. However, because actual atmosphere conditions
seldom match the standard conditions defined by the
International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where
pressure, temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values),
it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read from
the altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This
variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude differing from
the baro-corrected altitude.
12-2
Using TERRAIN
During power-up, the terrain/obstacle database
versions are displayed along with a disclaimer to the pilot.
At the same time, TERRAIN self-test begins. A test failure
is annunciated for TERRAIN as shown in Table 12-4.
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SECTION 12
TERRAIN
12.2 TERRAIN Page
See Section 3.5 for a complete description of the
TERRAIN Page and its operation.
NOTE: If an obstacle and the projected flight path
of the aircraft intersect, the display automatically
zooms in to the closest potential point of impact
on the TERRAIN Page.
TERRAIN Symbols
The symbols and colors in Figure 12-1 and Table
12-1 are used to represent obstacles and potential
impact points on the TERRAIN Page. TERRAIN
uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict
terrain information relative to aircraft altitude.
Each color is associated with an alert severity level.
Terrain graphics and visual annunciations also use
these color assignments.
Potential Impact Point
Terrain above or
within 100 ft
below the aircraft
altitude (Red)
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
1000 ft
Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraft altitude (Yellow)
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude (Black)
Figure 12-1 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000’
AGL
< 1000’
AGL
Obstacle Symbol
Unlighted Obstacle
> 1000’
AGL
> 1000’
AGL
Potential
Impact
Points
Obstacle Location
Alert Level
Obstacle above or within
100’ below current aircraft
altitude
WARNING
(Red)
Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft
altitude
CAUTION
(Yellow)
Table 12-1 Terrain/Obstacle Colors and Symbology
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GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
12-3
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
12.3 TERRAIN Alerts
TERRAIN Alerts are issued when flight conditions
meet parameters that are set within TERRAIN software
algorithms. TERRAIN alerts typically employ either an
ADVISORY or a CAUTION alert severity level, or both.
When an alert is issued, visual annunciations are
displayed.
Annunciations appear in a dedicated field in the lower
left corner of the display (Figure 12-2). Annunciations
are color-coded according to Table 12-2.
Pop-up terrain alerts (Figures 12-3 & 12-4) can also
appear during an alert, but only when the TERRAIN Page
is not displayed.
There are two options when an alert is displayed:
•Press the CLR Key. This acknowledges the
pop-up alert and returns to the currently
viewed page.
•Press the ENT Key. This acknowledges the
pop-up alert and accesses the TERRAIN Page.
TERRAIN Annunciation Field
Figure 12-3 TERRAIN Advisory Pop-up
Figure 12-2 TERRAIN Annunciation Field
NOTE: TERRAIN Advisory Alerts are displayed
as constant black text on a yellow background;
TERRAIN Caution Alerts are displayed as flashing
black text on a yellow background.
Figure 12-4 TERRAIN Caution Pop-up (Flashing)
12-4
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
Table 12-2 shows the possible TERRAIN alert types with corresponding annunciations.
Alert Type
Annunciation
TERRAIN Failure
Pop-Up Alert
None
TERRAIN Inhibited
None
TERRAIN Not Available
None
Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) Advisory
Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) Caution
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
(FLASHING)
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) Advisory
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) Caution
Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) Advisory
Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) Caution
Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) Advisory
Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) Caution
Premature Descent Alert (PDA) Advisory
Table 12-2 TERRAIN Alert Summary
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GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
12-5
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
Table 12-3 shows system status annunciations that may also be issued:
TERRAIN Page
Annunciation
Alert Type
Pop-Up Alert
TERRAIN System Test Fail
None
TERRAIN Alerting is disabled
None
No GPS position or excessively degraded
GPS signal
None
System Test in progress
None
System Test pass
None
None
Table 12-3 Additional System Annunciations
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance
The Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) alert is used by TERRAIN and is composed of:
• Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) -These alerts are
issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum clearance
values in Table 12-4. When an RTC or ROC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the
TERRAIN Page.
• Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) - These alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TERRAIN Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in Table 12-4.
During the final approach phase of flight, FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is below 200
feet AGL while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or below 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the runway
threshold.
Phase of Flight
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
Departure
Minimum Clearance
Minimum Clearance
Altitude Level Flight (ft) Altitude Descending (ft)
700
500
350
300
150
100
100
100
Table 12-4 Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values for FLTA Alerts
12-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
Premature Descent Alerting
TERRAIN Inhibit
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the
system detects that the aircraft is significantly below the
normal approach path to a runway (Figure 12-5).
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15 nm
of the destination airport. PDA alerting ends when the
aircraft is either:
TERRAIN also has an inhibit mode that deactivates the
FLTA/PDA visual alerts. Pilots should use discretion when
inhibiting TERRAIN and always remember to enable the
system when appropriate.
Inhibiting TERRAIN:
1)
• 0.5 nm from the runway threshold
OR
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Inhibit Terrain?’ is selected by default
(Figure 12-6).
• at an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1.0
nm of the threshold.
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
700
600
Figure 12-6 TERRAIN Page Menu
500
2)
400
300
Press the ENT Key. The ‘TER INHB’ annunciation
is displayed in the TERRAIN annunciator field
when TERRAIN is inhibited (Figure 12-7).
Annunciator Field
“Too Low Terrain”
200
100
Runway 1
Threshold
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Figure 12-7 Annunciator Field
Distance From Destination Airport (nm)
Figure 12-5 PDA Alerting Threshold
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Enabling TERRAIN:
1)
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Enable Terrain?’ is selected by default.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The TERRAIN system is
functional again.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
12-7
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
TERRAIN Not Available Alert
TERRAIN requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution
along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should
the navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft
is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
‘TER N/A’ is generated in the annunciation window and
‘TERRAIN NOT AVAILABLE’ is generated on the TERRAIN
Page (Figure 12-8). When the GPS signal is re-established
and the aircraft is within the database coverage area, the
‘TER N/A’ visual annunciation is removed.
TERRAIN Failure Alert
TERRAIN continually monitors several system-critical
items such as database validity, hardware status, and GPS
status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available,
‘TER FAIL’ is generated in the annunciation window, and
‘TERRAIN FAILED’ is generated on the TERRAIN Page
(Figure 12-9).
Figure 12-9: TERRAIN FAILED Display
Figure 12-8: TERRAIN NOT AVAILABLE Display
12-8
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
12.4 Database Information for
TERRAIN
General Database Information
Garmin TERRAIN uses terrain and obstacle
information supplied by government sources. The data
undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of
the content, per TSO-C151b. However, the displayed
information should never be understood as being allinclusive. Pilots must familiarize themselves with
the appropriate sectional charts for safe flight.
Database Versions
The version and area of coverage of each terrain/obstacle
database is shown on the Terrain Database Versions Page,
located in the AUX Page Group (Figures 12-10 and 12-11,
also Section 10.3). Databases are checked for integrity
at power-up. If a database is found to be missing and/
or deficient, the TERRAIN system fails the self-test and
displays the TERRAIN system failure message (see Table
12-3).
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and
obstacle databases comes from government
agencies. Garmin accurately processes and
cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee
the accuracy and completeness of the data.
The terrain/obstacle databases are contained on a
datacard which is inserted in the right-most slot of the
GNS 530 units (Appendix A).
Figure 12-10 Utility Page
NOTE: Obstacles 200’ and higher are included
in the Obstacle Database. It is very important
to note that not all obstacles are necessarily
charted and therefore may not be contained in
the Obstacle Database.
Figure 12-11 Terrain Database Versions Page
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12-9
SECTION 12
TERRAIN
Database Updates
Terrain/Obstacle Database Areas of Coverage
Terrain/obstacle databases are updated periodically
with the latest terrain and obstacle data. Visit the Garmin
website to check for newer versions of terrain/obstacle
databases (compare database cycle numbers to determine
if a newer version is available). Updated terrain data cards
may be obtained by calling Garmin at one of the numbers
listed in the front of this document.
Table 12-5 lists the area of coverage available in each
database. Regional definitions may change without
notice.
Updating terrain/obstacle databases:
1)
Acquire a new terrain data card from
Garmin.
2)
Turn off the power to the GNS 530.
3)
Remove the old terrain data card from and
insert the new card into the right-most slot of
the GNS 530.
4)
Turn on the GNS 530 and verify that the
TERRAIN system passes self-test.
Database
Coverage Area
Latitudes: N75 to S60
Worldwide (WW)
Longitudes: W180 to E180
Limited to the United States plus
United States (US) some areas of Canada, Mexico,
Caribbean, and the Pacific.
Alaska, Austria, Belgium, Canada*,
Caribbean*, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hawaii, Iceland,
US/Europe
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Mexico*, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, United
Kingdom, United States
* Indicates partial coverage
Table 12-5 Database Coverage Areas
12-10
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 13
TAWS
SECTION 13: TAWS
Limitations
NOTE: GNS 530 units may* display either a
TERRAIN Page or a TAWS Page, (but not both)
depending upon the installed hardware and
configuration.
* Some earlier units are not equipped to support the
TERRAIN and/or TAWS functionality, so therefore will not
have a TERRAIN or TAWS page available.
13.1 INTRODUCTION
TAWS (Terrain Awareness and Warning System) is
a feature to increase situational awareness and aid in
reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS
satisfies TSO-C151b Class B requirements for certification.
Class B TAWS is required for all Part 91 aircraft operations
with six or more passenger seats and for Part 135 turbine
aircraft operations with six to nine passenger seats (FAR
Parts 91.223, 135.154).
TAWS functionality is an available feature found in
GNS 530 TAWS units with main software version 6.01 or
above, along with appropriate hardware upgrades. TAWS
provides visual and aural annunciations when terrain and
obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the
aircraft.
Operating Criteria
TAWS requires the following to operate properly:
• The system must have a valid 3-D GPS position
solution.
• The system must have a valid terrain/obstacle/
airport terrain database.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases
comes from government agencies. Garmin
accurately processes and cross-validates the
data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and
completeness of the data.
TAWS displays terrain and obstructions relative to the
altitude of the aircraft. The displayed caution and warning
alerts are advisory in nature only. Individual obstructions
may be shown if available in the database. However, all
obstructions may not be available in the database and
data may be inaccurate. Never use this information for
navigation or to maneuver to avoid obstacles.
Terrain information is based on terrain elevation
information in a database that may contain inaccuracies.
Terrain information should be used as an aid to situational
awareness. Never use it for navigation or to maneuver to
avoid terrain.
TAWS uses terrain and obstacle information supplied
by government sources. The data undergoes verification
by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content, per TSOC151b. However, the displayed information should never
be understood as being all-inclusive.
TAWS Alerting
TAWS uses information provided from the GPS receiver
to provide a horizontal position and altitude. GPS altitude
is derived from satellite measurements. GPS altitude is
converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPSMSL altitude) and is used to determine TAWS alerts.
GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by factors such
as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to variations in
pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure
altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local
altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. Therefore,
GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and reliable MSL
altitude source to calculate terrain and obstacle alerts.
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13-1
SECTION 13
TAWS
TAWS utilizes terrain and obstacle databases that
are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS displays a 2-D
picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative to
the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the
GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to calculate
and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the
surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this manner, TAWS
can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain
conditions. Detailed alert modes are described later in
this section.
Using TAWS
During power-up, the terrain/obstacle database versions
are displayed along with a disclaimer to the pilot. At the
same time, TAWS self-test begins. One of the following
aural messages is generated:
• “TAWS System Test OK”
• “TAWS System Failure”
A test failure is also annunciated for TAWS as shown
in Table 13-4.
Baro-Corrected Altitude
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived
by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude
can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter
setting to the nearest reporting station along the flight
path. However, because actual atmosphere conditions
seldom match the standard conditions defined by the
International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where
pressure, temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values),
it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read from
the altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This
variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude differing from
the baro-corrected altitude.
13-2
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SECTION 13
TAWS
13.2 TAWS Page
See Section 3.6 for a complete description of the TAWS
Page and its operation.
NOTE: If an obstacle and the projected flight path
of the aircraft intersect, the display automatically
zooms in to the closest potential point of impact
on the TAWS Page.
TAWS Symbols
The symbols and colors in Figure 13-1 and
Table 13-1 are used to represent obstacles and
potential impact points on the TAWS Page. TAWS
uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict
terrain information relative to aircraft altitude.
Each color is associated with an alert severity level.
Terrain graphics and visual annunciations also use
these color assignments.
Potential Impact Point
Terrain above or
within 100 ft
below the aircraft
altitude (Red)
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
1000 ft
Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraft altitude (Yellow)
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude (Black)
Figure 13-1 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000’
AGL
< 1000’
AGL
Obstacle Symbol
Unlighted Obstacle
> 1000’
AGL
> 1000’
AGL
Potential
Impact
Points
Obstacle Location
Alert Level
Obstacle above or within
100’ below current aircraft
altitude
WARNING
(Red)
Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft
altitude
CAUTION
(Yellow)
Table 13-1 TAWS Terrain/Obstacle Colors and Symbology
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13-3
SECTION 13
TAWS
13.3 TAWS Alerts
TAWS Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within TAWS software algorithms.
TAWS alerts typically employ either a CAUTION or a
WARNING alert severity level, or both.
When an alert is issued, visual annunciations are
displayed. Aural alerts are simultaneously issued.
Annunciations appear in a dedicated field in the lower
left corner of the display (Figure 13-2). Annunciations
are color-coded according to Table 13-2.
Figure 13-3 Caution Alert Pop-up
TAWS Annunciation Field
Figure 13-4 Warning Alert Pop-up
Figure 13-2 TAWS Annunciation Field
Pop-up terrain alerts (Figures 13-3 & 13-4) can also
appear during an alert, but only when the TAWS Page is
not displayed.
There are two options when an alert is displayed:
•Press the CLR Key. This acknowledges the
pop-up alert and returns to the currently
viewed page.
NOTE: Alerts with multiple messages (see Table
13-2) are configurable at installation and are
installation-dependent.
NOTE: TAWS Caution Alerts are displayed as
constant black text on a yellow background;
TAWS Warning Alerts are displayed as constant
white text on a red background.
•Press the ENT Key. This acknowledges the
pop-up alert and accesses the TAWS Page.
13-4
NOTE: To further capture the attention of the
pilot, TAWS issues aural (voice) messages that
accompany visual annunciations and pop-up
alerts.
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SECTION 13
TAWS
Table 13-2 shows the possible TAWS alert types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
Alert Type
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) Warning
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
(RTC) Warning
*
or
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) Warning
*
or
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
(ROC) Warning
*
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI)
Warning
or
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
(RTC) Caution
or
*
*
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) Caution
*
or
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
(ROC) Caution
*
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) Caution
*
or
Premature Descent Alert (PDA) Caution
Altitude Callout “500”
None
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up’*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”*
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
“Five-Hundred”
Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) Caution
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Caution
*
or
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
Table 13-2 TAWS Alerts Summary
* Indicates the default configuration
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GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
13-5
SECTION 13
TAWS
Table 13-3 shows system status annunciations that may also be issued:
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Alert Type
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is disabled
None
None
No GPS position or excessively degraded
GPS signal
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” is generated when sufficient
GPS signal is re-established.
System Test in progress
None
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
System Test pass
None
Table 13-3 Additional System Annunciations
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance
The Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) alert is used by TAWS and is composed of:
• Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) -These alerts are
issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum clearance
values in Table 13-4. When an RTC or ROC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the TAWS
Page.
• Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) - These alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in Table 13-4.
Phase of Flight
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
Departure
Minimum Clearance
Minimum Clearance
Altitude Level Flight (ft) Altitude Descending (ft)
700
500
350
300
150
100
100
100
Table 13-4 Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values for FLTA Alerts
During the final approach phase of flight, FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is below 200
feet AGL while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or below 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the runway
threshold.
13-6
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SECTION 13
TAWS
Premature Descent Alerting
TAWS Inhibit
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the
system detects that the aircraft is significantly below the
normal approach path to a runway (Figure 13-5).
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15 nm
of the destination airport. PDA alerting ends when the aircraft is either:
TAWS also has an inhibit mode that deactivates the
FLTA/PDA aural and visual alerts. Pilots should use
discretion when inhibiting TAWS and always remember
to enable the system when appropriate. Only the FLTA
and PDA alerts are disabled in the inhibit mode.
Inhibiting TAWS:
• 0.5 nm from the runway threshold
1)
OR
• at an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1.0
nm of the threshold.
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU Key.
‘Inhibit Terrain?’ is selected by default (Figure
13-6).
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
700
600
Figure 13-6 TAWS Page Menu
500
400
2)
300
“Too Low Terrain”
200
Press the ENT Key. The ‘TER INHB’ annunciation
is displayed in the TAWS annunciator field
when TAWS is inhibited (Figure 13-7).
Annunciator Field
100
Runway 1
Threshold
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Distance From Destination Airport (nm)
Figure 13-7 Annunciator Field
Figure 13-5 PDA Alerting Threshold
Enabling TAWS:
190-00181-00 Rev. H
1)
Select the TAWS Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Enable Terrain?’ is selected by default.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The TAWS system is
functional again.
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13-7
SECTION 13
TAWS
Excessive Descent Rate Alert
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the aircraft is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. Figure 13-8 shows the parameters for the alert as
defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
5000
4500
"
4000
K
IN
"S
3500
TE
RA
3000
2500
2000
1500
"PULL UP"
1000
500
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Descent Rate (FPM)
Figure 13-8 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
13-8
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SECTION 13
TAWS
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff Alert (NCR)
The purpose of the Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”) is
to provide suitable alerts to the pilot when the system determines that the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain)
after takeoff. The aural message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up
terrain alert on the display. NCR alerting is only active when departing from an airport and when the following conditions are met:
• The height above the terrain is less than 700 feet.
• The distance from the departure airport is 2 nm or less.
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
• The heading change from the heading at the time of departure is less than 110 degrees.
Figure 13-9 shows two figures which illustrate the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b. The NCR alert
is issued when the altitude loss and height are within the range in the first figure, or when the sink rate (negative vertical
speed) and height are within the range in the second figure.
1000
800
600
400
“DON’T SINK”
200
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Altitude Loss (Feet)
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
“DON’T SINK”
300
200
100
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
Sink Rate (Feet Per Minute)
Figure 13-9 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Alert Criteria
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13-9
SECTION 13
TAWS
‘Five-Hundred’ Aural Alert
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-Hundred”
is to provide an advisory alert to the pilot that the aircraft is 500 feet above terrain. When the aircraft descends
within 500 feet of terrain, the aural message “Five-Hundred” is generated. There are no display annunciations or
pop-up alerts that accompany the aural message.
TAWS Failure Alert
TAWS continually monitors several system-critical
items such as database validity, hardware status, and GPS
status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available,
the aural message “TAWS System Failure” is generated
along with ‘TER FAIL’ in the annunciation window, and
‘TERRAIN FAILED’ on the TAWS Page (Figure 13-11).
TAWS Not Available Alert
TAWS requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along
with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out
of the database coverage area, the annunciation ‘TER N/A’
is generated in the annunciation window and ‘TERRAIN
NOT AVAILABLE’ is generated on the TAWS Page (Figure
13-10). The aural message “TERRAIN Not Available” is
generated. When the GPS signal is re-established and
the aircraft is within the database coverage area, the
‘TER N/A’ visual annunciation is removed (there is no
associated aural message).
Figure 13-11: TAWS FAILED Display
Figure 13-10: TAWS NOT AVAILABLE Display
13-10
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SECTION 13
TAWS
13.4 Database Information for TAWS
General Database Information
Garmin TAWS uses terrain and obstacle information
supplied by government sources. The data undergoes
verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content,
per TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information
should never be understood as being all-inclusive.
Pilots must familiarize themselves with the
appropriate sectional charts for safe flight.
Database Versions
The version and area of coverage of each terrain/obstacle
database is shown on the Terrain Database Versions Page,
located in the AUX Page Group (Figures 13-12 and 13-13,
also Section 10.3). Databases are checked for integrity
at power-up. If a database is found to be missing and/or
deficient, the TAWS system fails the self-test and displays
the TAWS system failure message (see Table 13-3).
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and
obstacle databases comes from government
agencies. Garmin accurately processes and
cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee
the accuracy and completeness of the data.
The terrain/obstacle databases are contained on a
datacard which is inserted in the right-most slot of the
GNS 530 units (Appendix A).
Figure 13-12 Utility Page
NOTE: Obstacles 200’ and higher are included
in the Obstacle Database. It is very important
to note that not all obstacles are necessarily
charted and therefore may not be contained in
the Obstacle Database.
Figure 13-13 Terrain Database Versions Page
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13-11
SECTION 13
TAWS
Database Updates
Terrain/Obstacle Database Areas of Coverage
Terrain/obstacle databases are updated periodically
with the latest terrain and obstacle data. Visit the Garmin
website to check for newer versions of terrain/obstacle databases (compare database cycle numbers to determine if
a newer version is available). Updated terrain data cards
may be obtained by calling Garmin at one of the numbers
listed in the front of this document.
Table 13-5 lists the area of coverage available in each
database. Regional definitions may change without
notice.
Updating terrain/obstacle databases:
1)
Acquire a new terrain data card from
Garmin.
2)
Turn off the power to the GNS 530.
3)
Remove the old terrain data card from and
insert the new card into the right-most slot of
the 500 Series unit.
4)
Turn on the GNS 530 and verify that the TAWS
system passes self-test.
Database
Coverage Area
Latitudes: N75 to S60
Worldwide (WW)
Longitudes: W180 to E180
Limited to the United States plus
United States (US) some areas of Canada, Mexico,
Caribbean, and the Pacific.
Alaska, Austria, Belgium, Canada*,
Caribbean*, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hawaii, Iceland,
US/Europe
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Mexico*, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, United
Kingdom, United States
* Indicates partial coverage
Table 13-5 Database Coverage Areas
13-12
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SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SECTION 14: ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CAUTION: The Weather Data Link and TIS
information contained in this section is not
intended to replace the documentation that is
supplied with the GDL 49, the GDL 69(A) Data
Link, and the GTX 330 Transponder.
NOTE: Proximity Advisories and Other Traffic
symbols normally displayed in white may be
displayed in cyan if configured for alternate traffic
color (see the 500 series installation manual).
14.1 Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Interface
This section is written for:
• Garmin GNS 500 Series Main System Software
Version 6.01 and later
CAUTION: TIS is not intended to be used as a
collision avoidance system and does not relieve
pilot responsibility to ‘see and avoid’ other
aircraft. TIS should not be used for avoidance
maneuvers during Instrument Meteorological
Conditions (IMC) or other times when there is
no visual contact with the intruder aircraft. TIS
is intended only to assist in visual acquisition
of other aircraft in Visual Meteorological
Conditions (VMC). Avoidance maneuvers are
not recommended, nor authorized, as a direct
result of a TIS intruder display or TIS alert.
Some differences in operation may be observed when
comparing the information in this manual to earlier or
later software versions.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S
geographical coverage. Operation of the ground
stations is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer
to the Aeronautical Information Manual for a
Terminal Mode S Radar Site Map covering the
U.S.
TIS Operation
NOTE: This Section assumes the user has
experience operating the GNS 530 and the
Garmin GTX 330 Transponder.
NOTE: TIS and Weather Data Link displays
are available only when GNS 530 units are
configured with the GTX 330 Mode S Transponder
and a GDL 49 or GDL 69(A) Data Link Satellite
Receiver.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• GTX 330/330D Main Software Version 4.01 and
later
NOTE: This section is written exclusively for
GNS 530 units that are configured with the GTX
330 Mode S Transponder. Refer to the 400/500
Series Display Interfaces Pilot’s Guide Addendum
(190-00140-10) when interfacing with nonGarmin products.
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) provides a
graphic display of traffic advisory information in the
cockpit for non-TCAS equipped aircraft. TIS is a groundbased service providing relative location of aircraft tracked
by ATC radar within a specified service volume. The TIS
ground sensor uses real-time track reports to generate
traffic notification. TIS Traffic display is available to
aircraft equipped with a Mode S Data Link, such as the
Garmin GTX 330 Transponder. TIS traffic information
from a GTX 330 Transponder can then be displayed on a
GNS 530 unit. Surveillance data includes aircraft tracked
by ATC radar within the coverage volume. Aircraft without
an operating transponder are invisible to TIS.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-1
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TIS displays up to eight traffic targets within 7 nautical
miles horizontally from 3000 feet below to 3500 feet
above the requesting aircraft (Figure 14-1).
TIS Limitations
3,500 ft
7.0 nm
3,000 ft
Not to Scale
Figure 14-1 TIS Coverage Volume
TIS warns the user with voice and visual traffic
advisories when it predicts an intruder to be a threat.
The user should not start evasive maneuvers using
information from the GNS 530 display or on a traffic
advisory only. The display and advisories are intended
only for assistance in visually locating the traffic, due to
the lack in resolution and coordination ability. The flight
crew should attempt to visually acquire the intruder
aircraft and maintain a safe separation in accordance with
regulatory requirements and good operating practice. If
the flight crew cannot visually acquire the aircraft, they
should contact ATC to obtain any information that may
assist concerning the intruder aircraft. Based on the above
procedures, minor adjustment to the vertical flight path
consistent with air traffic requirements are not considered
evasive maneuvers.
14-2
TIS is not intended to be used as a collision avoidance
system and does not relieve the pilot responsibility to
‘see and avoid’ other aircraft. TIS should not be used for
avoidance maneuvers during IMC or other times when
there is no visual contact with the intruder aircraft. TIS
is intended only to assist in visual acquisition of other
aircraft in VMC. No recommended avoidance maneuvers
are provided for, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS
intruder display or TIS advisory.
TIS Operational Procedures
NOTE: This section on TIS Limitations is not
comprehensive. Garmin recommends the
user review the TIS Limitations section of the
Aeronautical Information Manual, Section
1-3-5.
NOTE: The main difference between TIS and TCAS
is the source of surveillance data. TCAS uses an
airborne interrogator with a half-second update
rate, while TIS uses the terminal Mode S ground
interrogator and its Data Link to provide about
a 5-second update rate. The range accuracy of
TIS and TCAS is similar.
While TIS is a useful aid to visual traffic avoidance, it
has some system limitations that must be fully understood
to ensure proper use. Many of these limitations are
inherent in secondary radar surveillance. In other words,
the information provided by TIS is no better than that
provided to ATC. TIS only displays aircraft with operating
transponders installed.
TIS relies on surveillance of the Mode S radar, which
is a ‘secondary surveillance’ radar similar to the ATCRBS.
TIS operation may be intermittent during turns or other
maneuvering. TIS is dependent on two-way, ‘line-ofsight’ communications between the aircraft and the
Mode S radar. When the structure of the client aircraft
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SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
comes between the transponder antenna (usually located
on the underside of the aircraft) and the ground-based
radar antenna, the signal may be temporarily interrupted.
Other limitations and anomalies associated with TIS are
described in the AIM, Section 1-3-5.
TIS is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas
of the U.S., particularly in mountainous regions.
Also, when flying near the ‘floor’ of radar coverage in a particular area, intruders below the
client aircraft may not be detected by TIS.
TIS information is collected one radar scan prior to
the scan during which the uplink occurs. Therefore, the
surveillance information is approximately 5 seconds old.
In order to present the intruders in a ‘real time’ position,
the TIS ground station uses a predictive algorithm in
its tracking software. This algorithm uses track history
data to extrapolate intruders to their expected positions
consistent with the time of display in the cockpit.
Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering causes this algorithm
to induce errors in the GNS 530 display. These errors
primarily affect relative bearing information and traffic
target track vector (it lags); intruder distance and altitude
remain relatively accurate and may be used to assist in
“see and avoid”. Some of the more common examples of
these errors follow:
The preceding errors are relatively rare occurrences
and are corrected in a few radar scans once the course has
stabilized.
Users of TIS can render valuable assistance in the
correction of malfunctions by reporting their observations
of undesirable performance.
Reporters should identify:
• Time of observation
• Location, type, and identity of aircraft
• Condition observed
• Type of transponder, processor, and software in
use
Since TIS performance is monitored by maintenance
personnel rather than ATC, it is suggested that malfunctions
be reported in the following ways:
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station
(FSS) facility.
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement
Report, a postage-paid card designed for this
purpose. These cards may be obtained at FAA
FSS’s, General Aviation District Offices, Flight
Standards District Offices, and General Aviation
Fixed Based Operations.
• When client or intruder aircraft maneuvers
excessively or abruptly, the tracking algorithm
may report incorrect horizontal position until the
maneuvering aircraft stabilizes.
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course
that crosses the client aircraft course at a shallow
angle (either overtaking or head on) and either
aircraft abruptly changes course within .25 nm,
TIS may display the intruder on the wrong side of
the client.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
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14-3
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TIS Audio Alerting
The TIS audio alert is generated when the number of
Traffic Advisories (TA) on the GNS 530 display increases
from one scan to the next. Limiting TAs only reduces
‘nuisance’ alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example,
when the first TAs appears on the TIS display, the user is
alerted audibly. As long as a single aircraft remains on
the TIS display, no further audio alert is generated. If a
second (or more) TAs appears on the display, a new audio
alert is sounded.
If the number of TAs on the TIS display decreases
and then increases, a new audio alert is sounded. A TIS
audio alert is also generated when TIS service becomes
unavailable. The volume, pitch, and duration of the audio
alert (including the choice between a male or female voice)
is configured during installation.
The following TIS audio alerts are available:
• ‘Traffic’ - TIS traffic alert is received.
• ‘Traffic Not Available’ - TIS service is not available
or out of range.
Altitude trend is displayed as an up arrow (> +500
fpm), down arrow (< -500 fpm), or no symbol if less than
500 fpm rate in either direction.
The traffic ground track vector protrudes from each
symbol in the direction of travel.
Traffic Type
Symbol
Traffic Advisory
Out-of-Range Traffic Advisory
Other Traffic
Table 14-1 TIS Symbology
‘Other’ (Intruder) Traffic Ground
Traffic Symbol
Track Vector
Traffic Advisory
(TA) Symbol
‘Own’ (Client)
Aircraft Symbol
TIS Symbology
TIS traffic is displayed on the GNS 530 unit according
to TCAS symbology on a dedicated Traffic page, and on
the moving Map Page. The symbology is shown in Table
14-1 and Figures 14-2, 14-3, and 14-4. The symbology is
described in Table 14-2. A Traffic Advisory (TA) symbol
appears as a solid yellow circle (or half circle on the outer
range ring if the traffic is outside the range of the dedicated
Traffic Page). Other Traffic is displayed as hollow white
(may be configured as cyan) diamonds.
Altitude deviation from own (client) aircraft altitude is
displayed (in hundreds of feet) for each target symbol. If
traffic is above own aircraft altitude the deviation is shown
above the target next to a ‘+’ symbol. If traffic is below
own aircraft altitude the deviation is shown below the
target next to a ‘-’ symbol.
14-4
Figure 14-2 Traffic Page
Out-of-Range
Traffic Advisory
(TA) Symbol
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
Figure 14-3 Out-of Range TA Symbol
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Traffic Page
Altitude
Deviation
Altitude
Trend
Figure 14-4 Altitude Trend and Deviation
Traffic Type
Description
Traffic
This symbol (solid yellow circle) is generated
Advisory (TA) when an intruder aircraft approaches on a
course that projects to intercept (defined by
a 0.5 nm horizontal radius and a relative
altitude of ± 500 ft) the pilot’s current
course within 34 seconds.
Out-ofThis solid yellow half circle appears under
Range Traffic the same conditions and has the same
Advisory
urgency as a TA. Its appearance differs from
the TA only to signify that the intruder is
outside of the current range of the Traffic
Page.
Other Traffic This symbol (hollow white diamond)
Symbol
represents traffic detected within the
selected display range that does not meet
the criteria for a TA. (May be configured as
cyan).
Traffic
The target track vector is a short line
Ground Track displayed in 45° increments. The vector
protrudes from each target symbol in the
approximate direction of travel.
TIS Traffic data is displayed on the Traffic Page (Figure
14-5) and the Map Page. Unlike other forms of traffic, TIS
traffic does not require heading data to be valid on the map.
The only difference between TIS and other traffic data
occurs on the Traffic Page. If heading is available, then the
traffic data is compensated and displayed as heading-up. If
it is not available, the Traffic Page is a track-up display. It is
labeled on the upper portion of the Traffic Page.
Heading or Track
Up Indicator
Mode
Selection
Field
Figure 14-5 Traffic Page
Table 14-2 TIS Options
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-5
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TIS Traffic Display Status and Pilot Response
• AGE - If traffic data is not refreshed within 6
seconds, an age indicator (e.g., ‘AGE 00:12’) is
displayed in the lower right corner of the display
(when displaying traffic). See Figure 14-6. After
another 6 seconds, if data is still not received,
the traffic is removed from the display. The pilot
should be aware that the quality of displayed
traffic is reduced in this condition.
• FAILED - ‘FAILED’ is displayed when the GTX
330 has indicated it has failed (Figure 14-8). The
pilot should see the installer for corrective action.
Figure 14-8 ‘Failed’ Message
Traffic
Coasting
Banner
and Age
Indicator
Figure 14-6 Traffic Age Indicator and Coasting Banner
• NO DATA - ‘NO DATA’ is displayed when no data
is being received from the GTX 330 (Figure 14-9).
The pilot should be aware that this status may be
a normal mode of operation in a dual transponder
installation where the GTX 330 with TIS is not the
selected transponder.
• DATA FAIL - ‘DATA FAIL’ is displayed when data
is being received from GTX 330 (Figure 14-7),
but there was a failure detected in the data stream.
The pilot should see the installer for corrective
action.
Figure 14-9 ‘No Data’ Message
Figure 14-7 ‘Data Fail’ Message
14-6
• OPER - When the Traffic Page displays OPER in
the upper right hand corner of the display (Figure
14-11), the TIS system is in operational mode and
available to display traffic on the Traffic or Map
Page.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
• STANDBY - When the Traffic Page displays
STANDBY (Figure 14-10), the TIS system is in
standby mode and cannot display traffic data.
• UNAVAIL - When a 60 second period elapses with
no data, TIS is considered to be unavailable. This
state is indicated by the text ‘UNAVAIL’ (Figure
14-12). The pilot should be aware that ‘UNAVAIL’
could indicate a TIS coverage limitation due to a
line-of-sight situation, a low altitude condition,
or a result of flying directly over the radar site
providing coverage (cone of silence).
Figure 14-10 ‘Standby’ Message
• TRFC CST - The ‘TRFC CST’ (traffic coasting)
banner (located above the ‘AGE’ indicator in
Figure 14-6) indicates that displayed traffic is held
even though the data is stale. The pilot should
be aware that the quality of displayed traffic is
reduced in this condition.
• TRFC RMVD - The ‘TRFC RMVD’ banner (Figure
14-11) indicates that traffic has been removed
from the display due to the age of the data being
too old to ‘coast’ (for the time period of 12-60
seconds from the last receipt of a TIS message).
The pilot should be aware that traffic may be
present but not shown.
‘Traffic
Removed’
Banner
and Age
Indicator
Figure 14-11 Traffic Removed Banner
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Figure 14-12 ‘UNAVAIL’ Message
Traffic Warning Window
When the unit is on any page (other than the NAV
Traffic Page) and a traffic threat is imminent, the Traffic
Warning Window is displayed (Figure 14-13). The Traffic
Warning Window shows a small thumbnail map which
can take the user to the Traffic Page by pressing the ENT
Key, or go back to the previous page by pressing the CLR
Key.
Figure 14-13 Traffic Warning Window
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled
when the aircraft ground speed is less than 30
knots or when an approach is active.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-7
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Non-Bearing Traffic Advisory (TA) Banner
Map Page
Traffic is only displayed graphically if aircraft heading
data is available. When heading is not available, Traffic
Advisories are displayed as non-bearing banners. The
banner shown in Figure 14-14 consists of (left to right):
TIS traffic is displayed on the Map Page (Figure 14-15)
in addition to the Traffic Page. When a Traffic Advisory
is active, the Traffic Banner is displayed in the lower right
corner of the Map Page.
NonBearing
Traffic
Advisory
Banner
Figure 14-14 Non-Bearing TA Banner
Traffic
Advisory
Banner
Figure 14-15 Map Page Displaying Traffic
• The ‘TA’ annunciation.
• The distance in miles ‘1.5’, from the client
aircraft’s present position to the intruder aircraft.
• A ‘+’ or ‘-’ symbol indicating whether the intruder
aircraft is above (+) or below (-) the client aircraft.
• The difference in altitude ‘04’ (shown in hundreds
of feet) between the intruder aircraft and the client
aircraft.
• An up or down arrow indicating that the intruder
aircraft is climbing or descending at a rate greater
than 500 fpm.
Traffic Page Display Range
Various display ranges can be selected for optimal
display of TIS traffic information.
Changing the display range on the Traffic
Page:
Press the RNG Key to zoom through the range
selections which are: 12/6 nm, 6/2 nm, and 2
nm.
14-8
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Configuring TIS traffic on the Map Page:
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2)
Press the MENU key. Turn the small right
knob to select ‘Setup Map’? and press the ENT
Key.
3)
The flashing cursor highlights the GROUP field.
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Traffic’
(Figure 14-16) and press the ENT Key.
Figure 14-16 Map Setup Window
4)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
Traffic Mode option. Turn the small right knob
to select the desired option and press the ENT
Key. Repeat the step for Traffic Symbol and
Traffic Label.
5)
Press the CLR Key to return the Map Page.
Thumbnail Traffic on Map Page
The Map Page can display traffic in a thumbnail format
in any of the top three data fields on the right side of the
Map Page.
Displaying Thumbnail Traffic on the Map
Page:
1)
Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Change
Fields?’ and press the ENT Key.
4)
Select one of the top three configurable fields.
Select ‘TRFC’ from the Select Field Type List and
press the ENT Key. Note that the thumbnail
range defaults to 6 nm and cannot be changed
(Figure 14-17).
The traffic mode selection menu allows the user to
choose from the following:
• All trfc - All traffic is displayed on the Map Page.
• TA/PA - Only traffic and proximity advisories are
displayed on the Map Page (proximity advisories
are not applicable to TIS configuration).
Figure 14-17 Thumbnail Traffic on Map Page
• TA only - Only traffic advisories are displayed on
the Map Page.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-9
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Highlighting TIS Traffic Using Map Page
Panning
Another Map Page feature is panning, which allows the
pilot to move the map beyond its current limits without
adjusting the map scale. Press the small right knob to
select the panning function, a target pointer flashes on the
map display. A window appears at the top of the map
display showing the latitude/longitude position of the
pointer, plus the bearing and distance to the pointer from
the present position.
Activating the panning feature and panning
the map display:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer.
2)
Turn the small right knob to move up (turn
clockwise) or down (counterclockwise).
3)
Turn the large right knob to move right (turn
clockwise) or left (counterclockwise).
4)
To cancel the panning function and return to
the present position, press the small right
knob.
When the target pointer is placed on traffic, the traffic
range and altitude separation are displayed (Figure 14-18).
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation
Power-Up Test
The TIS interface performs an automatic test during
power-up.
• If the system passes the power-up test, the
Standby Screen appears on the Traffic Page.
• If the system passes the power-up test and the
aircraft is airborne (as determined by system
configuration at the time of installation, see the
installer for detailed criteria information), traffic is
displayable on the Traffic Page in operating mode.
• If the system fails the power-up test, one of the
messages listed in Table 14-3 will be displayed .
See the installer for corrective action if the ‘DATA
FAIL’, or ‘FAILED’ message is displayed.
Message
Description
FAILED
GTX 330 has failed
Data is being received from the GTX 330,
DATA FAIL
but a failure was detected in the data stream
NO DATA Data is not being received from the GTX 330
Table 14-3 Power-up Messages
NOTE: ‘NO DATA’ may be a normal mode of
operation in a dual transponder installation
where the GTX 330 with TIS is not the selected
transponder.
Target
Pointer
Figure 14-18 Traffic Range and Altitude Separation
14-10
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Manual Override
Flight Procedures
The user can manually switch between standby (STBY)
and operating (OPER) mode of operation to manually
override automatic operation.
Once the aircraft is airborne (determined by system
configuration at the time of installation) the system
switches from standby mode to operating mode. The
GNS 530 unit displays OPER in the upper right hand
corner of the display and begins to display traffic on the
Traffic or Map Page.
The TIS Traffic Advisory (TA) should alert the crew to
use additional vigilance to identify the intruding aircraft.
Any time the traffic symbol becomes a yellow circle or
a voice warning is announced, conduct a visual search
for the intruder. If successful, maintain visual contact
to ensure safe operation. See TIS Traffic Display Status
and Pilot Response, in this section for a list of TIS display
messages and respective pilot responses.
Placing the display into operating mode
from the standby mode (to display TIS
traffic):
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor, and highlight ‘STBY’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘OPER?’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm.
Placing the display into standby mode from
operating mode (to stop displaying TIS
traffic):
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor, and highlight ‘OPER’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘STBY?’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
After Landing
Once the aircraft is on ground (determined by system
configuration at the time of installation) the system
switches from operating mode to standby mode. The
GNS 530 unit displays ‘STBY’. As described previously,
both the standby and operating modes can be manually
overridden by the display controls.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-11
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
14.2 GTS 8XX Traffic Systems
System Description
Introduction
All information in this section pertains to the display and
control of the Garmin GNS 530/GTS 8XX interface, refer to
the 400/500 Series Display Interfaces Pilot’s Guide Addendum
(190-00140-10) when interfacing with non-Garmin products
WARNING: The GTS 8XX interface is intended
for advisory use only to aid the pilot in visually
acquiring traffic. No avoidance maneuvers
should be based solely upon TAS or TCAS I traffic
information. It is the responsibility of the pilot in
command to see and manuever to avoid traffic.
NOTE: This section assumes the user has
experience operating the GNS 530 and the
GTS 8XX.
NOTE: References to the GTS 8XX throughout
this document refer equally to the GTS 800, GTS
820, and GTS 850 unless otherwise noted.
NOTE: TIS is disabled when a GTS 8XX unit is
installed.
The GNS 530 provides an optional display interface for
the GTS 8XX Traffic Advisory (TAS) and Traffic Collision
Avoidance (TCAS I) Systems. The GTS 800 and GTS
820 are TAS systems, the GTS 850 is a TSO-Certified
TCAS I system. The GTS 8XX uses active interrogations of
Mode A/C/S (GTS 820 and GTS 850 only) and Mode A/C
transponders to provide Traffic Advisories to the GNS 530.
The GTS 8XX is an active traffic advisory system that
operates as an aircraft-to-aircraft interrogation device. The
GTS 8XX monitors the airspace surrounding an aircraft,
and advises the flight crew where to look for transponderequipped aircraft that may pose a collision threat. When
the GTS 8XX receives replies to its interrogations, it
computes the responding aircraft’s range, bearing, relative
altitude, and closure rate. The GTS 8XX then determines
the advisory status of the target and sends the location
information and alert status to the GNS 530 for display.
The GTS 800 is capable of tracking up to 45 Mode
A/C/S intruders. The GTS 820/850 is capable of tracking
up to 45 Mode A/C plus 30 Mode S intruders. Up to 30
of the most threatening targets are displayed.
Symbol Traffic Type
Description
A TA (Traffic Advisory) is generated when the GTS 8XX predicts that an intruder aircraft may
Traffic
pose a collision threat. A solid yellow circle represents an intruder aircraft that meets the TA
Advisory (TA) criteria as described in the TA Alerting Conditions section. A TA consists of the traffic symbol
and an aural alert (e.g., “traffic, 12 o’clock, high, 3 miles”).
Out-ofThis solid yellow half circle appears (on the outer range ring) under the same conditions and
Range Traffic has the same urgency as a TA. Its appearance differs from the TA only to signify that the
Advisory
intruder is outside of the current range of the Traffic Page.
Proximity Advisories (PA) are displayed as solid white (may be configured as cyan) diamonds.
Proximity
PAs are defined as traffic within the 6.0-nm range, within ±1200 ft. of altitude separation, and
Advisory (PA)
are not a traffic advisory (TA).
The hollow white (may be configured as cyan) diamond represents traffic detected within the
Other Traffic
selected display range that does not meet the criteria for a TA or a PA and does not pose an
Symbol
immediate collision threat.
Table 14-4 TAS/TCAS Symbology
14-12
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pilots should be aware of TAS/TCAS system
limitations. If an intruder transponder does not respond
to interrogations due to antenna shading or marginal
transponder performance, it will not be displayed, or
display may be intermittent. Pilots should remain vigilant
for traffic at all times when using TAS/TCAS systems for
non-transponder equipped airplanes or unresponsive
airplanes.
TCAS I Surveillance Volume
Top and bottom mounted antennas allow an active
surveillance range of up to 12 nm (GTS 800) or 40 nm
(GTS 820/850) in the forward direction, and somewhat
reduced ranges to the sides and aft of own aircraft due
to the directional interrogation patterns. Interference
limiting in GTS 820/850 units may automatically reduce
range in high density traffic areas.
TA Alerting Conditions
The GTS 8XX automatically adjusts its TA sensitivity level
(Table 14-5) to reduce the likelihood of nuisance TA alerting
during flight phases likely to be near airports. Sensitivity
Level A (less sensitivity) TA is used when the aircraft’s radar
altimeter (if equipped) indicates own altitude is less than
2000 feet AGL. If no radar altimeter is present, Sensitivity
Level A is active when the landing gear is extended. Level A
is also active when groundspeed is less than 120 knots with
no radar altimeter present in a fixed gear aircraft.
Sensitivity
Level
Intruder
Altitude
Available
A
Yes
A
No
B
Yes
B
No
In all other conditions, Level B (greater sensitivity) TA
sensitivity is used to assess TA threats.
Traffic Symbology
Traffic information from the GTS 8XX is displayed
on the GNS 530 unit using TAS/TCAS symbology (Table
14-4) on a dedicated Traffic page, and on the moving Map
Page. The displayed traffic information generally includes
the relative range, bearing, and altitude of intruder aircraft.
The GTS 8XX also generates aural announcements heard
on the cockpit audio system.
Target altitude relative to own aircraft altitude (relative
altitude) is displayed (in hundreds of feet) for each target
symbol (Figure 14-19). If traffic is above own aircraft altitude
the relative altitude is shown above the target next to a ‘+’
symbol. If traffic is below own aircraft altitude the relative
altitude is shown below the target next to a ‘-’ symbol.
Altitude trend (Figure 14-19) is displayed as an up
arrow (≥ +500 fpm), down arrow (≤ -500 fpm), or no
symbol if less than 500 fpm rate in either direction.
Relative
Altitude
Traffic
Type
Altitude
Trend
Figure 14-19 Traffic Symbol Components
TA Alerting Conditions
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20 seconds of vertical and horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.2 nm and vertical separation is within 600 feet.
Intruder closing rate is less than 15 seconds.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 30 seconds of vertical and horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.55 nm and vertical separation is within 800 feet.
Intruder closing rate is less than 20 seconds.
Table 14-5 TA Sensitivity Level and TA Alerting Criteria
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-13
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Aural Alerts
A TA consists of a displayed traffic symbol (solid yellow
circle) and an aural alert. The aural alert announces
“traffic”, followed by the intruder aircraft’s position,
altitude relative to own aircraft (“high”, “low”, or “same
altitude”), and distance from own aircraft; e.g. “traffic, 12
o’clock, high, 3 miles”.
Self-Test
The GTS 8XX automatically performs a self-test upon
power up. The self-test checks internal parameters and
calibrates components of the GTS 8XX. The self-test can
also be initiated by the user during normal operation.
Check for the following test criteria on the Traffic Page
during power-up:
• If the GTS 8XX passes the power-up test; and
the aircraft both has a squat switch and is on the
ground, the Standby Screen is displayed (Figure
14-20).
• If the GTS 8XX passes the power-up test and the
aircraft both has a squat switch and is airborne,
the Traffic Page is displayed on the 6-nm display
range and in the normal altitude display mode.
• If the GTS 8XX passes the power-up test and the
aircraft does not have a squat switch, the Standby
Screen is displayed (Figure 14-20).
• If the GTS 8XX fails the power-up test (as
indicated by a FAILED screen), the GTS 8XX is
inoperable, see the GTS 8XX Installation Manual
for detailed information on Failure Response.
NOTE: The FAILED message is displayed when
the system detects an error that prohibits further
traffic display operation.
NOTE: When the system is in standby, the
GTS 8XX does not transmit, interrogate, or track
intruder aircraft.
Figure 14-20 Standby Mode
User-initiated Test
In addition to the power-up test, the GTS 8XX performs
self-tests during normal operation. A self-test is performed
once per minute to verify that the antenna is connected.
Also, a calibration is performed at varying intervals based
on time and temperature. A user-initiated test of the
GTS 8XX interface can also be performed. The test criteria
are identical to the power up self-test, although the userinitiated test is concluded by an aural pass/fail message.
NOTE: A user-initiated test can only be performed
when in standby or failed mode.
Performing a user-initiated test:
1) Turn the small right knob to select the Traffic
Page.
2)
From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Self Test?’.
4)
Press the ENT Key, ‘TEST’ is displayed.
Test-Mode
Indication
Figure 14-21 Self-Test Mode
14-14
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Switching Between Standby and Operating
Modes
The unit must be in operating mode for traffic to be
displayed. The ability to switch out of standby into operating
mode on the ground is especially useful for scanning the
airspace around the airport before takeoff. Operating Mode
is confirmed by the display of ‘OPER’ in the upper righthand corner of the Traffic Page (Figure 14-22).
Switching to Operating Mode from Standby
Mode:
1) Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and highlight ‘STBY’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘OPER?’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm and place the
GTS 8XX in operating mode, the GTS 8XX
switches out of standby into the 6-nm display
range.
NOTE: The GTS 8XX will automatically switch out
of standby 8 to 10 seconds after takeoff, which
is determined by ground speed or by a transition
of the aircraft squat switch (if connected).
Switching to Standby Mode from the Traffic
Page:
1) Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor and highlight ‘OPER’.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select ‘STBY?’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm and place the
GTS 8XX in standby mode.
NOTE: The GTS 8XX goes into standby mode 24
seconds after landing, which is determined by
ground speed or by a transition of the aircraft
squat switch (if connected). This delay allows
the GTS 8XX to remain out of standby during a
touch-and-go maneuver.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Traffic Page
Traffic can be displayed both on the Map Page (only
if heading is available) and on the Traffic Page (Figure
14-22). The orientation source shown at the top of the
display first uses heading (‘HDG’), then GPS Track (‘TRK’)
if no heading is available, to orient the display.
If the GTS 8XX does not have bearing information for
an active TA, ‘TA’ followed by range, relative altitude, and
altitude trend is displayed in the lower right corner. The
Traffic Banner is displayed if more than one TA with no
bearing info is active, while the TA of most immediate
threat is displayed in text below the banner.
Traffic
Orientation Source
Operating Mode
Traffic Banner
Display
Range
Traffic Advisory
(with no bearing
information)
Figure 14-22 Traffic Page
Traffic Page Display Range
The display range on the Traffic Page can be changed
at any time.
Changing the display range on the Traffic
Page:
•
•
•
•
•
Press the RNG Key to step through the
following range options:
2 nm
2 and 6 nm
6 and 12 nm
12 and 24 nm (GTS 820/850 only)
24 and 40 nm (GTS 820/850 only)
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-15
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Altitude Display Mode
The GTS 8XX has four altitude display modes
(Figure 14-23); Normal (±2,700 ft), Above (-2,700 ft to
+9,000 ft), Below (-9,000 ft to +2,700 ft), and Unrestricted
(±9,900 ft). The GTS 8XX continues to display up to 30
intruder aircraft within its maximum surveillance range,
regardless of the altitude display mode selected.
The selected altitude display mode (Figure 14-24)
is displayed in the upper left-hand corner of the Traffic
Page.
Note: Confirmation is not required, the mode is
changed immediately when using the small right
knob.
Altitude Display Mode
Changing the Altitude Display Mode:
1)
From the Traffic Page, press the small right
knob to activate the cursor and highlight the
current mode (Figure 14-24).
2)
Turn the small right knob to cycle through
the options. The screen changes to display
the traffic detected within the selected
altitude display range. Refer to Figure 14-23
for information regarding altitude display
ranges.
Figure 14-24 “UNR” Selected
3)
Press the small right knob to turn the cursor
off after the selection is made.
+9,900 ft
+9,000 ft
0 ft
Drawing Not to Scale
Above (ABV)
Below (BLW)
Unrestricted (UNR)
0 ft
Normal (NRM)
+2,700 ft
+2,700 ft
-2,700 ft
-9,000 ft
-9,900 ft
Figure 14-23 Altitude Display Modes
14-16
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Traffic Warning Window
Configuring Traffic Data on the Map Page
When the unit is not on the traffic page and the GTS
issues a Traffic Advisory, the Traffic Warning Window
(Figure 14-24) is displayed, which shows a small
thumbnail map. When the Traffic Warning Window is
displayed, press the ENT Key to display the Traffic Page,
or press the CLR Key to return to the previous page.
Traffic is only displayed on the Map Page if aircraft
heading data is available.
The Traffic Mode setting allows the operator to
choose which traffic type is displayed (all traffic, traffic
and proximity advisories, or traffic advisories only). The
Traffic Symbol and Traffic Label settings determine the
maximum ranges at which these items are displayed.
Configuring traffic on the Map Page:
1) Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3) Turn the small right knob to select ‘Setup
Map?’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The flashing cursor
highlights the GROUP field.
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled
when the aircraft ground speed is less than 30
knots or when an approach is active.
Figure 14-25 Traffic Warning Window
5)
6)
Map Page Traffic Banner
Turn the small right knob to select ‘Traffic’.
Press the ENT Key (Figure 14-27).
A ‘Traffic’ banner will be displayed in the lower right
corner of the Map Page (Figure 14-26) if the Display
Range setting is beyond the Traffic Symbol setting (Figure
14-27), and a Traffic Advisory is active.
Traffic
Advisory
Banner
Display
Range
Figure 14-27 Traffic Setup Menu
7)
8)
Figure 14-26 Traffic Banner
190-00181-00 Rev. H
9)
Turn the large right knob to select the desired
Traffic Mode option.
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
option
Press the ENT Key. Repeat steps 7-9 for Traffic
Symbol and Traffic Label.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-17
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
10) Return to the Map Page by pressing the CLR
Key.
Thumbnail Traffic on Map Page
Traffic in a thumbnail format can be displayed in any
of the three data fields on the right side of the Map Page
(Figure 14-28).
Displaying Thumbnail Traffic on the Map
Page
1) Turn the small right knob to select the Map
Page.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu.
3) Turn the small right knob to select ‘Change
Fields?’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the large right knob to select one of the
three fields.
6) Turn the small right knob to select ‘TRFC’ from
the Select Field Type List.
7) Press the ENT Key. (Figure 14-28)
Highlighting Traffic Data Using Map Panning
Another map page function is panning, which allows
changing the map beyond its current limits without
adjusting the map scale. Select the panning function by
pressing the small right knob, a target pointer flashes on
the map display (Figure 14-29). Also a window appears at
the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude
position of the pointer, and the bearing and distance to
the pointer from the present position.
Selecting the panning function and panning
the map display:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
panning target pointer (Figure 14-29).
Figure 14-29 Panning the Map Display
2)
Turn the small right knob clockwise to move
up, or counterclockwise to move down.
3)
Turn the large right knob clockwise to move
right, or counterclockwise to move left.
4)
Figure 14-28 Thumbnail Traffic on Map Page
14-18
Note: The thumbnail range defaults to 6 nm and
cannot be changed.
To cancel the panning function and return to
the present position, press the small right
knob.
When the target pointer is placed on traffic, the traffic
range and altitude deviation are displayed (Figure 14-29).
The traffic is identified as:
• TA: Traffic Advisory
• TRFC: Other Traffic
• PA: Proximity Advisory
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
14.3 Weather Data Link Interface
This section is written for:
• Garmin 500 Series Main System Software Version
6.01 and later
• GDL 49 Main Software Version 2.03 and later
• GDL 69/69A Main Software Version 2.14 and later
Some differences in operation may be observed when
comparing the information in this manual to earlier or
later software versions.
NOTE: This section is written exclusively for 500
Series units that are configured with the GDL
49 or GDL 69(A) Data Link Satellite Receiver.
Refer to the 400/500 Series Display Interfaces
Pilot’s Guide Addendum (190-00140-10) when
interfacing with non-Garmin products.
around for delivery to ORBCOMM in less than
five seconds (ORBCOMM is a provider of global
messaging services using a constellation of 26
low-Earth orbiting satellites). The message is
relayed from the satellites to the GDL 49 aboard
the aircraft. Once the GDL 49 receives the
message, it is displayed on the GNS 530 unit.
• GDL 69/69A - NEXRAD and METAR data
is collected by the National Weather Service
and disseminated to WxWorks™, a weather
information provider. This data is then delivered
to XM Satellite for rebroadcast. Data from two
XM satellites is then made immediately available
to XM customers. The GDL 69/69A receives
streaming weather data, processes the data, then
sends it to the GNS 530 unit for display.
Functions provided by the Weather Data Link system
include:
Introduction
GNS 530 units can interface with the GDL 49 or the
GDL 69/69A. The GNS 530 unit provides the display and
control interface for the textual and graphical weather
data link.
Satellite up-linked textual and graphical weather
data is received by the GDL 49 on a request/reply basis.
Transmissions are made using bursts of compressed
data at a rate of 4800 bps. Weather data transmissions
are streamed directly to the GDL 69/69A from the XM
Satellite Radio network.
The following operational differences are noted
between the GDL 69/69A and the GDL 49:
• Request for and display of NEXRAD radar
imagery.
• Request for and display of text-based METAR
data.
• Request for and display of a compressed form of
METAR data that allows icon representations at
reporting stations on a moving map indicating
visibility, ceiling, etc.
• Position tracking services are provided through
periodic position report transmissions from the
GNS 530 unit (available with GDL 49 only).
• GDL 49 - NEXRAD and METAR data is collected
by the National Weather Service and disseminated
to Meteorlogix™, a weather information provider.
This data is then delivered to a weather server
in the Echo Flight Message System. With
the weather data on the system, an incoming
customer request is filled, logged, and turned
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-19
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Weather Products
NEXRAD Limitations
The following weather products are available for
display on the 500 Series unit via the Weather Data Link
interface:
• NEXRAD Data
• Graphical METAR Data
• Text-based METAR Data
• Graphical Temperature/Dewpoint Data
• Graphical Wind Data
NEXRAD Description
WSR-88D weather surveillance radar or NEXRAD
(NEXt generation RADar) is a Doppler radar system that
has greatly improved the detection of meteorological
events such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and hurricanes.
An extensive network of NEXRAD stations provides
almost complete radar coverage of the continental United
States, Alaska, and Hawaii. The range of each NEXRAD
station is 124 nautical miles.
NEXRAD Abnormalities
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed
NEXRAD images. Some, but not all, of those include:
• Ground clutter
CAUTION: NEXRAD weather data is to be used
for long-range planning purposes only. Due to
inherent delays and relative age of the data
that can be experienced, NEXRAD weather data
cannot be used for short-range avoidance of
weather.
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD
radar displays. Some, but not all, are listed for the user’s
awareness:
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide
sufficient information to determine cloud layers or
precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain, etc).
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the
minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual
NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms
at close ranges, and has no information about
storms directly over the site.
• NEXRAD resolution varies, depending on the
amount and complexity of the weather data being
received. The displayed NEXRAD data will reflect
the highest intensity level sampled within a 2 x 2
km (4 sq km) unit of area (depending on available
system memory).
• Spurious radar data
• Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points
directly at the sun
• Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which
can cause alterations in radar scans
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which
may cause shadows
14-20
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NEXRAD Intensity
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity) measured in dBZ (decibels of Z).
Reflectivity (designated by the letter Z) is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values
increase as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed on the GNS 530 units using colors
represented by the dBZ values listed in Table 14-6.
Display
GDL 49
dBZ
Rain
(inches/hour)
Snow
(inches/hour)
Atmos
<-10
.00
.00
√
-10
.00
.00
√
√
-5
.00
trace
√
√
0
.00
trace - .05
√
√
GDL 69
Source of NEXRAD Echo
Cloud
5
.00
trace - .10
√
√
10
0 – trace
.10
√
√
15
.01
20
25
30
35
Rain
Snow
Sleet
Hail
Very Light
Light
Light
Light
.1-.2
Light
Light
.02
.2-.3
Light
Light
.05
.3-.5
Light
Light – Medium
.09
.5-.7
Light – Moderate
Moderate
.24
.7-1.0
Moderate
Heavy
√
40
.48
>1 or sleet
Heavy
Heavy
√
45
1.25
>1 or sleet
Heavy
Heavy
√
50
2.5
sleet
Intense
√
√
55
5.7
sleet
Extreme
√
√
60
12.7
65
Extreme
Extreme
√
√
70
Large
75
Large
Table 14-6 NEXRAD Intensity Colors
NOTE: The information presented in this Pilot’s Guide regarding NEXRAD is not meant to be comprehensive.
The NOAA website (www.noaa.gov) contains complete and detailed information regarding NEXRAD weather
radar operation and theory.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-21
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Requesting NEXRAD Data
NEXRAD data can be requested from the Data Link
Page or the Map Page.
Requesting NEXRAD data from the Data
Link Page:
1)
Select the Data Link Page from the AUX Page
Group.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor. ‘NexRad Request’ is highlighted (Figure
14-30).
Figure 14-30 Data Link Page (GDL 49)
3)
Press the ENT Key. The NEXRAD Request Page
(see Figure 14-31) is displayed.
The NEXRAD Request Page has the following userselectable fields:
• Center - This field allows the pilot to specify
reference points for the request. The following
five options are available for the ‘Center’ field:
♦Current Position - Request NEXRAD data from
the aircraft’s current position.
♦Look Ahead - Request NEXRAD data ahead of
(along) the current route.
♦From ID - Request NEXRAD data from a
specific waypoint identifier. If ‘From ID’ is
selected as the reference point for the request,
the ‘WPT’ field is displayed (in place of
‘Position’). The ‘WPT’ field is used to enter a
waypoint identifier as the reference point for
the request.
♦From Lat/Lon - Request NEXRAD data from
a specific latitude and longitude. This is only
selectable when requesting from the map. The
‘Position’ field displays the position of the map
cursor and cannot be edited.
♦From Flight Plan - Request NEXRAD data from
one of the waypoints in the active flight plan.
This is only selectable when an active Flight
Plan has been selected. The ‘Flight Plan’ field
(displayed in place of ‘Position’) is used to select
which waypoint in the active flight plan to use
as the reference point for the request.
• Radius - This field selects a request radius from 50
to 250 nautical miles from the selected position.
Figure 14-31 NEXRAD Request Page (GDL 49)
14-22
• Position (also WPT or Flight Plan) - ‘Current
Posn’-Position is current, ‘Look Ahead’-Position is
look ahead position. ‘From ID’-Position is from
the ID entered into the WPT field. ‘Flight Plan’ is
the ID selected from the active flight plan.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
• Auto Request (GDL 49 Only) - This field is
used to set the time interval for the GDL 49 to
automatically send a NEXRAD data request. The
time options are OFF, 10 min, 15 min, 20 min, 30
min, 45 min, and 1 hour. When an auto request
time is selected, the first request is sent after the
specified time has elapsed from when the field
was set (as opposed to immediately sending a
request).
Requesting NEXRAD data from the Map
Page:
1)
Select the Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key. The Map Page Options
Menu is displayed.
3)
Select ‘Request NEXRAD?’ (Figure 14-32) and
press the ENT Key.
NOTE: It is recommended that the pilot turn
the Auto Request function ‘on’ by setting it to
‘10 min’ updates. This setting provides best
performance for the GDL 49.
• The ‘Manual Send?’(GDL 49) or ‘Update Request?’
(GDL 69) field is used to request NEXRAD Data.
4)
5)
6)
Use the small and large right knobs to select
the desired data (listed on preceding page)
and the ENT Key to enter the data into the
appropriate fields on the NEXRAD Request
Page.
Select ‘Manual Send?’ or ‘Update Request?’
and press the ENT Key. The request has been
sent. Note that selecting ‘Auto Request’
and pressing the ENT Key does not send the
request until after the auto time period.
To exit from the NEXRAD Request Page, press
the small right knob. The Data Link Page is
displayed.
Figure 14-32 Map Page Options Menu
4)
Follow the preceding steps 4 - 6.
NOTE: The pilot may also use the map panning
function to request NEXRAD data at a specific
map position. After panning and selecting a
position on the map, the pilot can press the
MENU Key and request the NEXRAD data.
Data Received Message (GDL 49 Only)
When the request has been answered, the message
annunciator (MSG) flashes to alert the pilot to one of
the following messages depending on the type of data
received:
• New NEXRAD Received
• New Graphic METAR Received
• New Text METAR Received
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-23
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Displaying NEXRAD Data on the Weather Page
To display NEXRAD Data on the Weather
Page:
1)
Select the NAV Weather Page (Figure 14-33)
using the small and large right knobs. When
the GNS 530 is configured with the Data Link
interface, the Weather Page is the third page
in the NAV Page Group (it is the fourth page
if a traffic sensor is also configured).
Figure 14-33 NEXRAD Data on Weather Page
2)
Press the small right knob. The upper left hand
corner field flashes.
3)
Turn small right knob and select ‘NEXRAD’.
4)
Press the small right knob.
14-24
Customizing NEXRAD Data on the Weather
Page
The pilot can customize the NEXRAD data on the
Weather Page from the Page Options Menu.
Customizing the NEXRAD data on the
Weather Page:
1)
From the Weather Page, press the MENU Key
to display the NAV Weather Page Options
Menu.
2)
Select from the following options to customize
the NEXRAD data:
•
View 120°? / View 360°? - There are two
viewing options available, each shown relative
to the position of the aircraft. When the MENU
Key is pressed, the alternate selection is shown.
Use this option to switch between a radar-like,
120° display of the data, and the default 360°
display.
•
Request NEXRAD?/Request METAR? - This
option is a link to either the NEXRAD or METAR
Request Pages, depending on which is currently
displayed on the Weather Page.
•
Display Legend? - This option is a link to the
Weather Legend Page. See the Weather Legend
Page paragraph following in this section.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Displaying NEXRAD Data on the Map Page
When NEXRAD data is received, it is displayed on the
Map Page, in addition to the Weather Page and the Default
NAV Page.
Customizing NEXRAD Data on the Map Page
The pilot can customize NEXRAD data on the Map
Page by using the Page Menu.
Customizing the Map Page:
1)
Go to the Map Page in the NAV Page Group.
2)
Press the MENU Key and select ‘Setup Map?’
from the page menu.
3)
Select ‘Weather’ from the GROUP field in the
Map Setup window (Figure 14-34).
The density values are LOW-MED-HIGH. Press
the ENT Key to make the selection then press
the CLR Key to go back to the Map Page.
Precipitation
Intensity – Map
Configuration
Light Precipitation –
Low
Light Precipitation –
Medium Density
Light Precipitation –
High Density
Pattern
Color
Green
(sparse dotted area fill)
Green
(dense dotted area fill)
Green
(solid area fill)
Moderate Precipitation
– Low & Medium
Yellow
Density
(dense dotted area fill)
Moderate Precipitation
– High Density
Heavy Precipitation –
Low & Medium Density
Figure 14-34 Map Setup Window
4)
5)
Highlight the NEXRAD Symbol field, and use
the small right knob to set the desired map
range at which to overlay NEXRAD data. The
range values are ‘Off’ to 2000 nm miles. Press
the ENT Key for the desired range selection.
Press the CLR Key to go back to the Map
Page.
Highlight the NEXRAD Density field, use the
small right knob to set the density desired
(i.e., the transparency, see Table 14-7) of the
NEXRAD cells.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Heavy Precipitation –
High Density
Yellow
(solid area fill)
Red
(dense dotted area fill)
Red
(solid area fill)
Table 14-7 NEXRAD Density Patterns
NOTE: If the pilot changes the NEXRAD Density
and/or NEXRAD Symbol fields, these settings
changes also affect the Weather Page. For
example, if the pilot selects ‘Low’ NEXRAD
Density, both the Weather Page and the Map
Page display the NEXRAD graphics in the ‘Low’
mode.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-25
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The pilot may use the ‘NEXRAD Off?’ and ‘NEXRAD
On?’ fields in the Page Menu (Figure 14-35) to turn off the
display of NEXRAD data from the Map Page.
Once the Airport Location Page is displayed, enter the
identifier for the desired airport. Press the MENU Key. The
options menu appears (Figure 14-36) listing the following
three options:
• Request NEXRAD?
• Request METAR?
• View Text METAR? (if available)
Figure 14-35 Map Page Options Menu
NOTE: If the GNS 530 unit is configured for
Weather Data Link Interface with a GDL 49 or
GDL 69, pressing the CLR Key while viewing
the Map Page reduces the NEXRAD density one
incremental step. All NEXRAD data is removed
if the CLR Key is pressed while density is set to
low.
Request Shortcuts
The pilot can quickly select the NEXRAD, METAR, or
Textual METAR Page for a specific airport from the Airport
Location Page.
Figure 14-36 Airport Location Page Options Menu
Highlight the desired option and press the ENT Key.
‘Request NEXRAD?’ and ‘Request METAR?’ options select
the NEXRAD and METAR Request Pages, respectively.
‘View Text METAR?’ selects the Textual METAR Page for
the desired airport, if textual METAR is available for that
airport.
Three methods of selecting the Airport
Location Page:
•
Use the small and large right knobs to select
the Airport Location Page from the WPT Group
of pages.
•
On the Map Page, move the target pointer to
highlight an on-screen airport. Press the ENT
Key.
•
On any page that displays an airport identifier,
use the cursor and highlight the desired airport
identifier. Press the ENT Key.
14-26
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Data Link Request Log Page (GDL 49 Only)
Sending Position Reports (GDL 49 Only)
The Data Link Request Log Page (Figure 14-38) is used
to display the data that was requested. When a request is
received, a check mark is placed in the box.
The Data Link allows for accurate location tracking of
the aircraft by sending the aircraft’s position manually or
automatically to the EchoFlight website (www.EchoFlight.
com) for use by third-party EchoFlight customers.
Viewing the Data Link Request Log Page:
1)
2)
Use the small and large right knobs and select
the Data Link Page from the AUX Group of
pages.
Highlight ‘Data Link Log’ (Figure 14-37) and
press the ENT Key.
Sending the Present Position:
1)
Select the Data Link Page (see preceding step
1).
2)
Highlight ‘Position Report’ (Figure 14-39) and
press the ENT Key.
Figure 14-37 Data Link Page
3)
The Data Link Request Log Page is displayed
(Figure 14-38).
Figure 14-39 Data Link Page
3)
The ‘Position Report’ Page is displayed with the
following six fields:
•
Nearest VOR - Nearest VOR identifier.
•
Distance - The distance from the nearest
VOR.
•
Radial - The radial from the nearest VOR.
•
Position - Displays the aircraft’s current position
expressed in Latitude and Longitude.
Figure 14-38 Data Link Request Log Page
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-27
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
•
•
Auto Request - This field is used to set the
time interval for the system to automatically
send the position. The time options are OFF,
10 min, 15 min, 20 min, 30 min, 45 min, and
1 hr. When an auto request time is selected,
the first report is sent after the specified
time has elapsed from when the field was
set (as opposed to immediately sending a
report). Note that in order to take advantage
of EchoFlight’s Automatic Weather Delivery
(AWD) service, the time interval must be set
to 15 minutes.
Requesting Graphical METARS
Graphical METAR data can be requested from the Data
Link Page, Map Page, or Airport Page.
Requesting graphical METARS from the
Data Link Page:
1)
Select the Data Link Page from the AUX Page
Group.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor. Turn the small right knob and highlight
‘Metar Request’ (Figure 14-41).
Manual Send? - This field is used to send out a
current single position report (Figure 14-40).
Figure 14-41 Data Link Page
3)
Figure 14-40 Position Report Page
Press the ENT Key. The ‘METAR REQUEST’
Page is displayed (Figure 14-42).
Figure 14-42 Metar Request Page
14-28
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The METAR Request Page has the following userselectable fields:
• Format - This field is used to select between
requesting the raw METAR text (Textual) or
requesting a graphical summary (Graphic) of
several METARS.
NOTE: Textual METARS can only be requested
by identifier or by flight plan (if the flight plan
contains a METAR station identifier).
• Center - This field allows the pilot to specify
reference points for the request. The following
five options are available for the ‘Center’ field:
♦Current Position - Request METAR data from
the aircraft’s current position.
♦Look Ahead - Request METAR data ahead of
(along) the current route.
♦From ID - Request NEXRAD data from a
specific waypoint identifier. If ‘From ID’ is
selected as the reference point for the request,
the ‘WPT’ field is displayed (in place of
‘Position’). The ‘WPT’ field is used to enter a
waypoint identifier as the reference point for
the request.
♦From Lat/Lon - Request NEXRAD data from
a specific latitude and longitude. This is only
selectable when requesting from the map. The
‘Position’ field displays the position of the map
cursor and cannot be edited.
♦From Flight Plan - Request METAR data from
one of the waypoints in the active flight plan.
This is only selectable when an active Flight
Plan has been selected. The ‘Flight Plan’ field
(displayed in place of ‘Position’) is used to select
which waypoint in the active flight plan to use
as the reference point for the request.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
• Radius (Graphical requests only) - This field
selects a request radius from 50 to 250 nautical
miles from the selected position.
• Position (also WPT or Flight Plan) - ‘Current
Posn’-Position is current, ‘Look Ahead’-Position is
look ahead position. ‘From ID’-Position is from
the ID entered into the WPT field. ‘Flight Plan’ is
the ID selected from the active flight plan.
• Auto Request (GDL 49 Only) - This field is
used to set the time interval for the GDL 49 to
automatically send a NEXRAD data request. The
time options are OFF, 10 min, 15 min, 20 min, 30
min, 45 min, and 1 hour. When an auto request
time is selected, the first request is sent after the
specified time has elapsed from when the field
was set (as opposed to immediately sending a
request).
NOTE: It is recommended that the pilot turn the
Auto Request function ‘on’ by setting it to ‘10 min’
updates. This setting provides best performance
for the GDL 49.
• The ‘Manual Send?’(GDL 49) or ‘Update Request?’
(GDL 69) field is used to request METAR Data.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to select
the desired data and the ENT Key to enter the
data into the appropriate fields on the METAR
Request Page.
5)
Select ‘Manual Send?’ or ‘Update Request?’
and press the ENT Key. The request has been
sent. Note that selecting ‘Auto Request’
and pressing the ENT Key does not send the
request until after the auto time period.
6)
To exit from the NEXRAD Request Page, press
the small right knob. The Data Link Page is
displayed.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-29
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Requesting graphical or textual METARS
from the Map Page:
Displaying graphical METARS on the NAV
Weather Page
1)
Select the Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key. The Map Page Options
Menu is displayed (Figure 14-43).
Once received, graphical METAR data is displayed on
the NAV Weather Page.
Displaying graphical METARS on the NAV
Weather Page:
1)
Select the NAV Weather Page.
2)
Press the small right knob. The upper left hand
corner field flashes.
3)
Turn small right knob and select ‘METAR’.
4)
Press the small right knob.
Viewing graphical METAR Data for a
specific airport from the Map Page:
Figure 14-43 Map Page Menu
3)
Select ‘Request METAR’ and press the ENT
Key. The METAR Request Page is displayed.
There are four user-selectable parameter
fields: Format, Center, Radius, and Position
(see preceding pages for detailed information).
Change the request parameters as desired.
4)
Enter the type of desired METAR Data and the
desired radius (graphical requests only).
5)
Select ‘Manual Send?’ or ‘Update Request?’
and press the ENT Key. The request has
been sent. Note that selecting ‘Auto Request’
and pressing the ENT Key does not send the
request until after the auto time period.
6)
To exit from the METAR Request Page, press
the small right knob. The Map Page is
displayed.
14-30
1)
Select the Map Page.
2)
Move the target pointer to highlight a desired
airport. Graphical METAR data is displayed for
that airport in a thumbnail image.
NOTE: For the GDL 69/69A, METAR data is
automatically updated every twelve minutes
from the time of initial request.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Weather Legend Page
The symbology unique to Graphical METAR, Winds,
and Temperature/Dewpoint data is displayed on the
Weather Legend Page. The Weather Legend is accessed
from the Weather Page.
NOTE: All METAR, Wind, and Temp-Dewpoint
symbols are depicted at the end of this section.
The following symbology is shown for the various
types of data:
For METAR Data:
• Age of Data in Minutes
• Ceiling, Visibility, and Precipitation
• Ceiling, Visual Flight Rules
• Precipitation
Displaying the Weather Legend:
For Wind Data:
1)
• Age of Data in Minutes
Select the Weather Page and activate the
cursor. This selects the weather selection field
in the upper left corner of page.
• Winds
• Wind Gust
2)
Use the small right knob to select METAR,
WINDS, or TEMP/DP.
3)
Press the MENU Key. The Weather Page Menu
is displayed.
• Age of Data in Minutes
Turn the small right knob, highlight ‘Display
Legend’, and press the ENT Key. The Weather
Legend is displayed (Figure 14-44) for the
type of data that was selected. Use the small
right knob and scroll through the various
descriptions for the symbols that are shown.
Press the small right knob to return to the
Weather Page.
Displaying Textual METARS
4)
For Temperature/Dewpoint Data:
• Temperature/Dewpoint
Once received, textual METARS are displayed on the
METARS Text Page.
Figure 14-44 Weather Legend Page for METAR Data
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-31
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Selecting the METARS Text Page:
1)
Select the Data Link Page.
2)
Select ‘Textual Metar’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Textual METAR Page
(Figure 14-45) is displayed for the airport
selected. The pilot can enter a different
identifier on the Textual METAR Page.
Displaying Wind Data
Displaying wind data on the NAV Weather
Page:
1)
Select the NAV Weather Page.
2)
Press the small right knob. The upper left hand
corner field flashes.
3)
Turn the small right knob and select
‘WINDS’.
4)
Press the small right knob. The wind icons are
displayed on the NAV Weather Page.
Displaying Temperature/Dewpoints
Temperature/Dewpoints are displayed on the NAV
Weather Page.
Figure 14-45 Textual METAR Page
Entering an identifier:
1)
Select the Data Link Page. Highlight ‘TEXTUAL
METAR’ and press the ENT Key.
2)
Turn the small right knob and scroll through
the list of four letter identifiers.
3)
Highlight the desired identifier and press the
ENT Key.
4)
The text box displays the METAR data for the
selected identifier.
5)
To request an updated graphic or textual
METAR for this airport, press the MENU key
to access the page menu and select ‘Request
METAR?’.
6)
The METAR Request Page is displayed. The
request option is displayed on the Textual
METAR Page.
14-32
Displaying Temperature/Dewpoints on the
NAV Weather Page:
1)
Select the NAV Weather Page.
2)
Press the small right knob. The upper left hand
corner data field flashes.
3)
Turn the small right knob and select ‘TEMP/
DP’.
4)
Press the small right knob. The Temperature/
Dewpoints are displayed on the NAV Weather
Page.
NOTE: See a complete description of all METAR,
Wind, and Temp-Dewpoint symbols at the end
of this section.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Troubleshooting
Monitoring the Data Link
Although it is the responsibility of the facility that
installed the GDL 49 or GDL 69/69A to correct any
hardware problems, the pilot can perform some quick
troubleshooting steps to find the possible cause of a
failure.
First, ensure that the owner/operator of the aircraft
in which the GDL 49 or GDL 69/69A is installed has
subscribed to Echo Flight or XM Satellite Radio for a
Service Plan, and verify that it has been activated. Perform
a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure the GDL 49
or GDL 69/69A has power applied. If a failure still exists,
continue to the Data Link Status Page.
The fields on the Data Link Status Page may provide
insight to a possible failure. Information displayed at this
page should be noted and provided to the repair station.
The Connectivity Message table should also provide a
clear indication of any potential internal failures. If no
indications exist, check the circuit breakers and electrical
connections to the GDL 49 or GDL 69/69A, and ensure
the unit has power applied. Repair stations are equipped
to repair the system, should a hardware failure exist.
The Data Link Status Page provides an indication of
the integrity of the Data Link. The Data Link Page allows
the pilot to monitor the system and determine the possible
cause of a failure.
View the Data Link Status Page:
1)
From the AUX Page Group, select the Data Link
Page.
2)
Highlight ‘Data Link Status’ and press the ENT
Key.
3)
The Data Link Status Page (Figure 14-46) is
displayed.
Figure 14-46 Data Link Status Page
The GDL 49 Datalink Status Page shows the following
fields:
• TX Queue - Shows the number of requests in the
GDL 49’s transmit queue waiting to be sent to the
satellite.
• RX Queue - Shows the number of responses in the
GDL 49’s receive queue waiting to be sent to the
GNS 530.
• Sat ID/Connectivity - Shows the current satellite
in view and also indicates the status of the current
satellite connection. See Table 14-8.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-33
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SAT ID/CONNECTIVITY FIELD
MESSAGE
‘_ _ _’
‘Data Link has
failed’
‘Linked to sat’
‘Satellite in view’
‘Searching...’
DESCRIPTION
RS-232 communication with the GDL
49 has been lost.
There is a disconnect inside the GDL
49.
Can exchange data with the satellite.
Found satellite but have not yet
identified it.
No satellite is currently in view.
Table 14-8 Sat ID/Connectivity Field
• SATCOM Operation - This field indicates the
current activity being performed by the satellite
communicator within the GDL 49. Table 14-9
lists the messages that can be displayed, including
interpretations of the most common ones:
SATCOM OPERATION FIELD
MESSAGE
DESCRIPTION
‘_ _ _’
Unknown task is being performed,
or RS-232 communication with the
GDL 49 has been lost.
‘Idle’
Waiting to perform the next task.
‘Receiving
Receiving a response from the
message’
satellite.
‘Sending message’ Transmitting a message.
‘Sending request’ Transmitting a request to the
satellite.
The GDL 69 Datalink Status Page shows the following
fields:
• Sat ID/Connectivity - This field shows the current
activation status and signal strength of the XM
Satellite Radio weather service. Table 14-10 lists
the messages that may be shown in the Sat ID
field.
SAT ID FIELD
MESSAGE
DESCRIPTION
‘--’
GDL 69/69A - GNS 530 interface
communications not yet established.
‘-0’, ‘-1’,
‘-’ = Satellite radio service is not activated.
‘-2’, or ‘-3’ Satellite signal quality is indicated by the
numbers 0, 1, 2, or 3; where 0=none,
1=poor, 2=good, and 3=excellent.
‘XM’
GDL 69/69A not yet communicating with
internal satellite radio hardware (normal
during power-up).
‘X0’, ‘X1’, ‘X’ = Satellite radio service activated.
‘X2’, or
Satellite signal quality is indicated by the
‘X3’
numbers 0, 1, 2, or 3; where 0=none,
1=poor, 2=good, and 3=excellent.
Table 14-10 Sat ID Field
Table 14-9 SATCOM Operation Field
• SATCOM SER NUM - This field shows the serial
number assigned to the GDL 49’s internal satellite
communicator.
• GDL SW - This field shows the currently installed
software version for the GDL 49.
14-34
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Table 14-11 lists the messages that may be shown in
the Sat Connectivity field.
MESSAGE
‘Satellite in
view’
‘Searching...’
CONNECTIVITY FIELD
DESCRIPTION
Indicates a signal quality between 1
and 3.
No satellite is currently in view, signal
quality is ‘0’.
Table 14-11 Connectivity Field
• SATCOM Operation - This field always indicates
‘Idle’ for the GDL 69/69A.
• SATCOM SER NUM - The first eight characters of
this field indicate the satellite radio ID number.
A dash separates the satellite radio ID from the
currently installed METAR database version in the
GDL 69/69A.
• GDL SW - This field shows the currently installed
software version for the GDL 69/69A.
Standard Aviation Forecast Abbreviations
The standard aviation forecast abbreviations are listed
in Table 14-12.
STANDARD AVIATION FORECAST ABBREVIATIONS
‘+’ – (Heavy)
‘-’ – (Light)
‘/’ – (Missing or separator) Axxxx – Altimeter setting
(xxxx are numbers)
AFT – After
BKN – Broken clouds
BLO – Below
BR – Light fog
CIG – Ceiling
CLR – Sky clear
DZ – Drizzle
FEW – Few clouds
FG – Thick fog
FM – From
FZ – Freezing
G – Gusts
KT – Knots
OBSCD – Obscured
OVC – Overcast clouds
Pxxxx – Hourly Precipitation
(xxxx are numbers)
PRESFR – Pressure falling PRESRR – Pressure rising
rapidly
rapidly
RA – Rain
RMK – Remarks
SCT – Scattered clouds
SLP – Sea Level Pressure
SM – Statue Miles
SN – Snow
TEMPO – Occasionally
Trrn – Terrain
TS – Thunderstorm
VV – Vertical Visibility
Table 14-12 Forecast Abbreviations
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-35
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
METAR Graphics
Ceiling and Visibility - Flight Rules
The age symbols listed in Table 14-13 are common to
METARs, Winds, and Temperature/Dewpoint graphics:
METAR, Winds, and Temperature/Dewpoints Age
Graphics
VFR
Marginal
VFR
IFR
Low IFR
Table 14-15 Ceiling and Visibility Graphics
0 - 10 11 - 20 21 - 30 31 - 60 61+ Unknown
minutes minutes minutes minutes minutes (Yellow)
(Green) (Green) (Green) (Green) (Yellow)
The symbol in Figure 14-47 indicates the ceiling at
KMWM is marginal VFR, with heavy snow and low IFR
visibility. The data age is 31-60 minutes old.
Ceiling
Table 14-13 Weather Age Graphics
Precipitation
METARs
Precipitation Graphics
Light
Moderate
(Green)
(Green)
No
Precipitation
Data Age
Visibility
Heavy
(Yellow)
Station Identifier
Figure 14-47 METAR Symbol
Rain
Snow
Unknown
Table 14-14 Precipitation Graphics
14-36
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Winds
Wind Vector - The wind vector indicates the
direction of the surface wind to the nearest 30˚
increment (e.g. 30˚, 60˚, 90˚, 120˚, etc.).
Wind Speed - In general, the sum of the wind barbs
(see Table 14-16) is the sustained surface wind
speed.
Wind Speed
(Blank)
Short Barb
Long Barb
Unknown
5 kts
10 kts
≥ 37 kts
To interpret wind speed, add the values of each of the
wind speed barbs. In Figure 14-48, there are two long
barbs (10 knots each) and one short barb (5 knots each).
Thus, the total wind speed is 25 knots. Adding the gust
offset to this figure gives winds gusting to 36 knots. Thus,
the symbol in Figure 14-48 indicates the surface wind at
KFRM is coming from a direction of 300° at a speed of
25 knots, gusting to 36 knots or greater. The data age is
11-20 minutes old.
Gust Offset
Wind Speed
Wind Vector
Data Age
Table 14-16 Wind Speed Graphics
(Blank)
G10
(Green)
G11+
(Yellow)
Gust Offset
Gusts are unknown or < 5 kts above
sustained wind speed.
Wind is gusting 5 - 10 kts more than
sustained speed.
Wind is gusting 11 kts or more above its
sustained speed.
Figure 14-48 Wind Symbol
Table 14-17 Gust Offset Graphics
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
14-37
SECTION 14
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Temperature - Dewpoints
The Temperature-Dewpoint Range symbols (Table
14-18) display the difference between the reported
temperature and dewpoint. Differences are shown in
degrees Fahrenheit.
Temp - Dewpoint Display Ranges
(Blank)
Unknown
11°+
(Green)
7° - 10°
(Green)
0° - 6°
(Yellow)
Table 14-18 Temp-Dewpoint Ranges
This symbol in Figure 14-49 displays the difference
between the reported temperature and dewpoint as 7-10
degrees Fahrenheit at KSPW.
Temperature
Dewpoint
Figure 14-49 Temp-Dewpoint Symbol
14-38
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 15 – FAULT DETECTION
AND EXCLUSION
SECTION 15: FAULT DETECTION
and EXCLUSION
NOTE: This section is intended for pilots experienced with the operation of the GNS 530 and
are familiar with RAIM. For more information
regarding RAIM, see sections 10.3 and 10.4 of
this manual.
FDE is an acronym that stands for Fault Detection and
Exclusion. FDE was incorporated in the Garmin GNS
530 Main and GPS Software version 3.00 and higher.
FDE algorithms, provide a basis for approval per the
requirements for ‘GPS as a Primary Means of Navigation for
Oceanic/Remote Operations’ per FAA Notice N8110.60.
The oceanic flight phase is used by the GNS 530 when the
aircraft is more than 200 nm from the nearest airport. FDE
requires no pilot interaction during flight, but predicting
the capability of the GPS constellation to provide service
during a flight is done by the pilot prior to departure.
Figure 15-1 shows satellite number 9 exclusion during
oceanic phase of flight. No message notifying the user
of exclusion appears. In addition to the EPE and DOP
fields, there is the Horizontal Uncertainty Level (HUL)
field which displays a 99% confidence level that the
aircraft position is within a circle with a radius of the value
displayed in the HUL field.
Excluded Satellite
(Checkered Pattern)
Horizontal Uncertainty
Level
Oceanic
Mode
Figure 15-1 Satellite Status Page
15.1 Detection and Exclusion
FDE consists of two distinct parts, fault detection
and fault exclusion. The detection function refers to
the capability to detect a satellite failure which can affect
navigation. Upon detection, the exclusion function
excludes one or more failed satellites and prevent them
from being used during navigation. This allows the GPS to
return to normal performance without interruption. The
process is entirely automated and does not require pilot
interaction during flight. On the Satellite Status Page,
the pilot can view information related to FDE operation.
To enhance safety, FDE functionality is provided for
other phases of flight (non-precision approach, terminal,
enroute). The FDE functionality for non-oceanic flight
phases adheres to the same missed alert probability, false
alert probability, and failed exclusion probability specified
by N8110.60.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
15-1
SECTION 15 – FAULT DETECTION
AND EXCLUSION
15.2 Pre-Departure Verification of FDE
Since FDE is based upon the exclusion of ‘bad’ satellites,
it is necessary to ensure there will be an adequate number
of satellites in the GPS constellation that are still able to
provide a navigation solution. An FDE prediction must be
performed prior to departure for a flight involving:
• Oceanic/Remote operation where GPS is to be the
sole source of navigation per FAA Notice 8110.60
• U.S. Area Navigation (RNAV) routes, Standard
Instrument Departures (SIDs), or Standard
Terminal Arrival Routes (STARs) if a NOTAM
indicates a GPS satellite (or satellites) is scheduled
to be out-of-service, per FAA AC 90-100 ‘U.S.
Terminal and En Route Area Navigation (RNAV)
Operations’
Prior to departure, the operator must use the FDE
Prediction Program supplied with the 500 Series Trainer
Software (Figure 15-2) to demonstrate that there are no
outages in the capability to navigate on the specified
route of flight (the FDE Prediction Program determines
whether the GPS constellation is robust enough to provide
a navigation solution for the specified route of flight). The
trainer software and the document ‘400/500 Series FDE
Prediction Instructions’ (190-00643-00) are available on
Garmin’s website (www.garmin.com) for free download.
15-2
Figure 15-2 Garmin 500 Series Trainer Software
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
SECTION 16: MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, and NAV TERMS
16.1 Messages
The GNS 530 uses a flashing ‘MSG’ annunciator at the
bottom of the screen (directly above the MSG Key) to
alert the pilot of any important information or warnings.
While most messages are advisory in nature, warning
messages may require pilot intervention.
When the ‘MSG’ annunciator flashes, press the MSG
Key to display the message. Press the MSG Key again to
return to the previous page.
The following is a list of available messages and their
meanings:
Airspace ahead -- less than 10 minutes - The
GPS-calculated course is projected to enter a
special use airspace within 10 minutes. This
message is automatically disabled within 30 nm of
an arrival airport, when an approach is loaded.
Airspace near and ahead - The GPS-calculated
position is within 2 nm of the boundary of a
special use airspace and the course is projected
to enter the airspace within 10 minutes. This
message is automatically disabled within 30 nm of
an arrival airport, when an approach is loaded.
All data referenced to True North - The GNS
530 has not detected a NavData card in the left
data card slot.
Altitude input failure - The GNS 530 is
configured to receive altitude serializer data
(Icarus, Rosetta, or Shadin) and it is not being
received. Or, the data was being received, but has
been interrupted. If a grey code altitude input
is available, it is used instead. If the problem
persists, contact a Garmin dealer and check the
installation and installation settings. When this
message occurs, no pilot action is required if
enough satellites are available for a 3D position
fix (provided no RAIM warnings are present).
However, if only a 2D position fix is possible, the
pilot should maintain the GPS altitude within
1,000 feet of pressure altitude by entering the
altitude on the Position Page.
Approach is not active - The approach could
not transition to ‘active’, at 2 nm or closer to
the FAF. Verify that ‘SUSP’ DOES NOT appear
directly above the OBS Key, indicating the auto
waypoint sequencing is suspended. This message
also appears if Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) has determined that sufficient
GPS satellite coverage DOES NOT exist for the
current phase of flight (along with a ‘RAIM not
available from FAF to MAP’ message).
Approaching target altitude - The current GPScomputed altitude is within 500 feet of the final
Vertical Navigation target altitude.
Approaching VNAV profile - The aircraft is
within one minute of reaching the initial Vertical
Navigation descent, or climb, point.
Arrival at waypoint [waypoint name] - The
aircraft is within the arrival alarm circle for the
indicated waypoint. The size of the arrival alarm
circle is defined from the ‘CDI/Alarms’ menu
option on the Setup Page.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-1
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
Cannot navigate locked FPL - The pilot has
attempted to navigate a flight plan (FPL) with
one or more locked waypoints. A waypoint can
be ‘locked’ when the NavData card is replaced
and the waypoint(s) does not exist in the new
database.
Can’t change an active waypoint - An attempt
has been made to modify the position of the active
‘to’ or ‘from’ waypoint. The GNS 530 does not
allow modifications to user waypoints currently
being utilized for navigation guidance.
Can’t delete an active or FPL waypoint - An
attempt has been made to delete the active ‘to’ or
‘from’ waypoint. The GNS 530 will not allow the
deletion of user waypoints currently being utilized
for navigation guidance.
CDI key stuck - The CDI Key is stuck in the
enabled (or pressed) state. Try pressing the CDI
Key again to cycle its operation. If the message
persists, contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
Check unit cooling - The GNS 530 has detected
excessive display backlighting temperature. The
backlighting has been automatically dimmed
to reduce the temperature. Check for adequate
ventilation or check cooling air flow. Contact a
Garmin dealer for assistance.
COM has failed - The GNS 530 has detected a
failure in its communications transceiver. The
COM transceiver is not available and the unit
should be returned to a Garmin dealer for service.
COM is not responding - Internal systemto-system communication between the main
processor and the COM transceiver has failed.
Operational status of the COM transceiver is
unknown and the unit should be returned to a
Garmin dealer for service.
16-2
COM needs service - The GNS 530 has detected
a failure in its communications transceiver. The
COM transceiver may still be usable, but the unit
should be returned (at the earliest convenience) to
a Garmin dealer for service.
COM push-to-talk key stuck - The external
push-to-talk (PTT) switch is stuck in the enabled
(or pressed) state. Try pressing the PTT switch
again to cycle its operation. If the message
persists, contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
COM remote transfer key is stuck - The
remote COM transfer switch is stuck in the
enabled (or pressed) state. Try pressing the
switch again to cycle its operation. If the message
persists, contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
COM transfer key stuck - The COM Flip-flop
Key is stuck in the enabled (or pressed) state. Try
pressing the COM Flip-flop Key again to cycle
its operation. If the message persists, contact a
Garmin dealer for assistance.
COM transmitter power has been reduced
- The GNS 530 has detected excessive unit
temperature and/or an insufficient voltage level.
The COM transceiver transmit power has been
automatically reduced to compensate for the
condition. For excessive temperatures, check for
adequate ventilation or check cooling air flow. If
the message persists, contact a Garmin dealer for
assistance.
Data card failure - The GNS 530 has detected
a problem with the NavData card. The data is
not usable and the card should be returned to
Jeppesen or a Garmin dealer.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
Data transfer cancelled (crossfill is busy)
- An attempt to transfer flight plan data during a
unit-to-unit crossfill was cancelled. The host unit
is busy or unable to communicate. Wait until any
previous crossfill operation is complete before
attempting the transfer again.
Data transfer cancelled (data invalid) - An
attempt to transfer a single user waypoint during a
unit-to-unit crossfill was cancelled. No waypoint
was specified on the Crossfill Page. Select a user
waypoint and attempt the transfer again.
Data transfer cancelled (version mismatch)
- An attempt to transfer data during a unit-to-unit
crossfill was cancelled. The database versions
of the two 500 Series units are not identical. If
necessary, update the database(s) so they match.
Contact Jeppesen or your Garmin dealer for
assistance.
Data transfer error, please re-transmit - An
error was detected during unit-to-unit crossfill
of user data (user waypoints and/or flight plans).
The data transfer should be attempted again.
Data transfer is complete - The unit-to-unit
crossfill of user waypoint data has finished.
Database changed, validate user modified
procedures - One or more approaches,
departures, or arrivals have been modified from
their original published form. When the NavData
card is replaced (database update), the changes in
the new database must be manually verified. This
message occurs each time a flight plan containing
a modified procedure (generated from a prior
database version) is activated. To eliminate the
message, re-create the flight plan from the new
database, then make the desired modifications.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Degraded accuracy - GPS position accuracy has
been degraded and RAIM is not available. Poor
satellite geometry (or coverage) has resulted in
a horizontal DOP greater than 4.0. Additional
cross-checking using another navigation source
is required to verify the integrity of the GPS
position.
Display backlight failure - The GNS 530 has
detected a failure in the display backlighting. The
unit should be taken to your Garmin dealer for
service.
Do not use for navigation - The GNS 530 is
in Demo Mode and must not be used for actual
navigation.
FPL has been truncated - The flight plan (FPL)
was truncated because not enough room existed
to insert an approach, departure, or arrival. This
message also appears when an approach has
been deleted from a stored flight plan because an
approach could not be found. These conditions
may occur upon power up when a database
change increases the number of waypoints in,
or removes an approach from, an instrument
procedure.
FPL is full - remove unnecessary waypoints
- An attempt has been made to add more than 31
waypoints to a flight plan (FPL). The GNS 530
does not allow more than 31 waypoints per flight
plan.
FPL leg will not be smoothed - The upcoming
flight plan (FPL) leg is too short for smooth
waypoint transitions. Expect a rapid change in
the CDI.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-3
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
FPL waypoint is locked - At least one flight plan
(FPL) waypoint is locked because the waypoint
has been removed from the current NavData card
(database change), the data card is missing, or the
data card has failed.
FPL waypoint moved - The position data for
one or more flight plan (FPL) waypoints moved at
least 0.33 arc minutes in the current NavData card
(database change).
FPL waypoint was deleted - At least one flight
plan (FPL) waypoint is no longer available when
a new NavData card was installed (database
change).
G/S has failed - The GNS 530 has detected a
failure in its glideslope receiver. The glideslope
receiver is not available and the unit should be
returned to a Garmin dealer for service.
G/S is not responding - Internal systemto-system communication between the main
processor and the glideslope receiver has failed.
Operational status of the glideslope receiver is
unknown and the unit should be returned to a
Garmin dealer for service.
G/S needs service - The GNS 530 has detected
a failure in its glideslope receiver. The glideslope
receiver may still be usable, but the unit should be
returned (at the earliest convenience) to a Garmin
dealer for service.
GPS has failed - The GNS 530 has detected a
failure in its GPS receiver. The GPS receiver is
not available and the unit should be returned to a
Garmin dealer for service.
16-4
GPS is not responding - Internal systemto-system communication between the main
processor and the GPS receiver has failed.
Operational status of the GPS receiver is unknown
and the unit should be returned to a Garmin
dealer for service.
GPS needs service - The GNS 530 has detected a
failure in its GPS receiver. The GPS receiver may
still be usable, but the unit should be returned (at
the earliest convenience) to a Garmin dealer for
service.
GPS stored data was lost - Satellite almanac,
ephemeris and time data have been lost due to
a memory battery failure, system reset, or data
expiration (data over six months old).
Heading input failure - The heading selection
on the external HSI’s (or CDI’s) OBS course
selector cannot be read properly. A Garmin dealer
may need to check the installation.
Inside airspace - A GPS-calculated position lies
within the boundaries of a special use airspace.
This message is automatically disabled within
30 nm of an arrival airport, when an approach is
loaded.
Invalid closest pt of FPL - A closest point
cannot be created from the waypoint entered on
the ‘Closest point of flight plan’ window. This
occurs when the selected waypoint is beyond the
limits of all legs in the flight plan, too far away,
or when a unique waypoint name for the closest
point cannot be created.
Invalid FPL modification - An attempt was
made to modify the final course segment (FAF to
MAP) of an instrument approach. The GNS 530
does not allow the modifications.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
Invalid waypoint ident - An attempt was made
to create a user waypoint with an invalid name.
The GNS 530 does not allow spaces between
characters in the waypoint name.
MAIN processor requires service - The GNS
530 has detected a failure in the main system
processor. The GNS 530 is not usable and should
be taken to a Garmin dealer for service.
Memory battery low - The internal battery
that sustains user memory is low and should be
replaced by a Garmin dealer as soon as possible.
Failure to do so may result in loss of stored
data, including flight plans, user waypoints, unit
settings, and satellite data.
Near airspace -- less than 2 nm - The GPScalculated position is within 2 nm of a special
use airspace boundary, but the aircraft is not
projected to enter the airspace. This message is
automatically disabled within 30 nm of an arrival
airport, when an approach is loaded.
Need altitude - display position page - The
GPS receiver needs altitude input in order to
start and/or continue 2D navigation. Select the
Position Page and verify the altitude reading. If
the altitude is in error by more than 500 feet,
enter the current altitude as accurately as possible.
An inaccurate altitude directly translate into
inaccurate position information.
No altitude input is being received - No
altitude data is being received from RS-232
(Serializer: Icarus, Rosetta or Shadin) or grey code
inputs. If the problem persists, contact a Garmin
dealer and check the installation and installation
settings. When this message occurs, no pilot
action is required if enough satellites are available
for a 3D position fix (provided no RAIM warnings
are present). However, if only a 2D position fix
is possible, the pilot should maintain the GPS
altitude within 1,000 feet of pressure altitude by
entering the altitude on the Position Page.
No basemap data available - The GNS 530 has
detected a failure in the built-in basemap (land
data) memory. Land data does not appear on
the Map Page. Other unit functions continue to
work normally, however the GNS 530 should be
taken to a Garmin dealer for service at the earliest
convenience.
Not receiving input data on 429 Channel 1
- No data has been received on the ARINC 429
channel 1 connection for a period exceeding five
seconds. If the problem persists, the installation
should be checked by a Garmin dealer.
Not receiving input data on 429 Channel 2
- No data has been received on the ARINC 429
channel 2 connection for a period exceeding five
seconds. If the problem persists, the installation
should be checked by a Garmin dealer.
Not receiving input data on 232 Channel 1 No data has been received on the RS-232 channel
1 connection for a period exceeding ten seconds.
If the problem persists, the installation should be
checked by a Garmin dealer.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-5
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
OBS key stuck - The OBS Key is stuck in the
enabled (or pressed) state. Try pressing the OBS
Key again to cycle its operation. If the message
persists, contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
Poor GPS coverage - The GPS receiver cannot
acquire a sufficient number of satellites to
compute a position and provide navigation.
Power down and re-initialize - The GNS 530
cannot calculate a position due to abnormal
satellite conditions. The unit is unusable
until power has been cycled off and back on.
Abnormal satellite conditions may exist and
the pilot may need to use an alternate means of
navigation.
RAIM is not available - Receiver Autonomous
Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) has determined that
sufficient GPS satellite coverage does not exist for
the current phase of flight. (The CDI/HSI NAV
flag also appears.) Select an alternate source for
navigation guidance, such as the GNS 530’s VLOC
receiver.
RAIM not available from FAF to MAP
waypoints - When performing an instrument
approach, Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) has determined that sufficient
GPS satellite coverage does not exist to meet the
required protection limits. Select an alternate
source for navigation guidance, such as the GNS
530’s VLOC receiver (for a VOR or localizer-based
approach).
16-6
RAIM position warning - Although sufficient
GPS satellite coverage may exist, Receiver
Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) has
determined the information from one or more
GPS satellites may be in error. The resulting
GPS position may be in error beyond the limits
allowed for the current phase of flight. Crosscheck the position with an alternate navigation
source. If the warning occurs during a final
approach segment (FAF to MAP), execute the
published missed approach.
Scheduler message - [user entered text] - The
user-entered scheduler message time has expired,
and the scheduler message is displayed.
Searching the sky - The GNS 530 is searching
the sky for GPS satellite almanac data or the GPS
receiver is in AutoLocate Mode. Allow the unit
to complete data collection (approximately five
minutes) before turning it off.
Select appropriate frequency for approach
- The aircraft is inbound and within 3 nm of the
FAF; and the active VLOC frequency does not
match the published frequency for the approach.
Tune the standby VLOC frequency to the proper
frequency and press the VLOC Flip-flop Key to
‘activate’ the frequency.
Select auto sequence mode - The OBS Key was
pressed, disabling auto sequencing of waypoints
(in a flight plan or instrument procedure). The
OBS Key should be pressed again to enable auto
sequencing, because 1) no destination waypoint
has been selected or 2) the GPS receiver cannot
currently determine its position.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
Select VLOC on CDI for approach - The
aircraft is inbound and within 3 nm of the FAF;
and the active approach is not a GPS-approved
approach. Verify that the VLOC receiver is tuned
to the proper frequency and press the CDI Key to
display ‘VLOC’ (directly above the CDI Key).
Set course to [###]° - The course select for
the external CDI (or HSI) should be set to the
specified course. The message only occurs when
the current selected course is greater than 10°
different from the desired track.
Steep turn ahead - This message appears
approximately one minute prior to a turn in one
of the following three conditions: 1) the turn
requires a bank angle in excess of 25° in order
to stay on course, 2) the turn requires a course
change greater than 175°, or 3) during a DME arc
approach the turn anticipation distance exceeds
90 seconds.
Stored data was lost - All user waypoints, flight
plans, and system settings have been lost due to a
memory battery failure or system reset.
Terrain - See Section 12.3 and 13.3 for complete
lists of TAWS and TERRAIN related Alerts and
Annunciations.
Terrain configuration conflict - The hardware
configuration does not match the terrain software
configuration. The operational status of the
terrain components is unknown and the unit
should be returned to a Garmin dealer for service.
Terrain configuration has changed - The
software has detected a change in the terrain
configuration.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Terrain has failed - The terrain functionality
self-test has failed. The operational status of the
terrain components is unknown and the unit
should be returned to a Garmin dealer for service.
Timer has expired - The count down timer has
reached zero.
Traffic device needs service - Either the TCAD
battery or the TCAD interrogation device has
failed. If the message persists, contact a Garmin
dealer for assistance.
Unit configuration has changed - The GNS
530 has detected a failure (during initial power
up) in its system configuration. Some system
components may be unusable. Try cycling power
off and back on. If the message persists, contact a
Garmin dealer for assistance.
User card format unknown - A data card has
been inserted, but the format of the card is not
recognized.
VLOC has failed - The GNS 530 has detected a
failure in its VLOC receiver. The VLOC receiver is
not available and the unit should be returned to a
Garmin dealer for service.
VLOC is not responding - Internal systemto-system communication between the main
processor and the VLOC receiver has failed.
Operational status of the VLOC receiver is
unknown and the unit should be returned to a
Garmin dealer for service.
VLOC needs service - The GNS 530 has
detected a failure in its VLOC receiver. The VLOC
receiver may still be usable, but the unit should be
returned (at the earliest convenience) to a Garmin
dealer for service.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-7
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
VLOC remote transfer key is stuck - The
remote VLOC transfer switch is stuck in the
enabled (or pressed) state. Try pressing the
switch again to cycle its operation. If the message
persists, contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
VLOC transfer key stuck - The VLOC Flipflop Key is stuck in the enabled (or pressed)
state. Try pressing the VLOC Flip-flop Key again
to cycle its operation. If the message persists,
contact a Garmin dealer for assistance.
Waypoint already exists - The name just
entered for a user waypoint already exists in
memory.
Waypoint(s) have been replaced - One or more
user waypoints were updated during a unit-tounit crossfill operation.
Waypoint memory is full - The pilot has used
all 1000 user waypoint locations in the GNS 530’s
memory. Delete unwanted waypoint to make
room for new entries.
16-8
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
16.2 Abbreviations
CUM Cumulative
The following is a list of abbreviations used on the
GNS 530 and their meanings:
DB Database
ACTV Active
DEN Density
ALT Altitude
DEP Departure
APPRCHING Approaching
DIS Distance
APR Approach
DME Distance Measuring Equipment
APT Airport
DOP Dilution of Precision
ARSPC Airspace
DTK Desired Track
ARTCC Air Route Traffic Control Center
ARVL Arrival
EFF Efficiency
AUX Auxiliary
ELEV Elevation
AVGAS Aviation Grade Gasoline
ENDUR Endurance
AVTN Aviation
ENR Enroute
ENT Enter
BARO Barometric Pressure
EPE Estimated Position Error
BRG Bearing To
ESA Enroute Safe Altitude
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE Estimated Time Enroute
°C Degree Celsius
C/V COM/VLOC
CAS Calibrated Airspeed
°F Degrees Fahrenheit
CDI Course Deviation Indicator
FDE Fault Detection and Exclusion
CLR Clear
FF Fuel Flow
COM Communications Transceiver
FLOW Total Fuel Flow
CRSR Cursor
FOB Fuel On Board
CTA ICAO Control Area
FPL Flight Plan
CTAF Common Traffic Advisory Frequency
fpm Feet Per Minute
CTR Center (ARTCC)
FREQ Frequency
CTS Course To Steer
FSS Flight Service Station
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-9
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
ft Feet
LOC Localizer
LRES Left-over Fuel Reserve Time
G/S Glideslope
Lrg Large
gl Gallons
lt Liters
GPS Global Positioning System
GS Ground Speed
°M Degrees Magnetic
m Meters
HDG Heading
mb Millibars of Pressure
hg Inches of Mercury
Med Medium
HUL Horizontal Uncertainty Level
MHz Megahertz
HWY Highway
mi Statute Miles
MOA Military Operations Area
ID Identifier
mph Statute Miles Per Hour
ig Imperial Gallons
mpm Meters Per Minute
ILS Instrument Landing System
mps Meters Per Second
IND Indicated
MSA Minimum Safe Altitude
INT Intersection
MSG Message
INTEG Integrity
MSL Mean Sea Level
mul Multicom
kg Kilograms
kHz Kilohertz
NATNL National
km Kilometers
NAV Navigation
kph Kilometers Per Hour
NAVAID Navigational Aid
kt Knots
NDB Non-Directional Radio Beacon
nm Nautical Miles
LAT/LON Latitude/Longitude
NRST Nearest
lb Pounds
NUM Number
LCL Local
LFOB Left-over Fuel On Board
OBS Omnibearing Selector
16-10
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
OCN Oceanic
TERM Terminal
TKE Track Angle Error
P.POS Present Position
TMA ICAO Terminal Control Area
PROC Procedure(s)
TRANS Transition
PROV Province
TRFC Traffic
PWR Power
TRK Track (also Ground Track)
TRSA Terminal Radar Service Area
RAD Radial
twr Tower
RAIM Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring
TX Transmit
REF Reference
uni Unicom
REQ Required/Requirements
UTC Coordinated Universal Time
(also GMT or ‘zulu’)
VAR Variation
VER Version
RESTRICTD Restricted
RNG Range
RX Receive
SID Standard Instrument Departure
VFR Visual Flight Rules
Sml Small
VLOC VOR/Localizer Receiver
SPD Speed
VNAV Vertical Navigation
SQ Squelch
VOL Volume
SRFC Surface
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival Route
VOR VHF (Very High Frequency)
Omnidirectional Radio Range
SUA Special Use Airspace
VS Vertical Speed
VSR Vertical Speed Required
°T Degree True
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
WPT Waypoint
TAS True Airspeed
WX Weather
TAT Total Air Temperature
TEMP Temperature
XTK Crosstrack Error
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-11
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
16.3 Navigation Terms
The following navigation terms are used on the GNS
530 and in this Pilot’s Guide. Refer to Figures 15-1 and
15-2 for graphic representation of navigation terms.
NORTH
CTS (course to steer) - The recommended
direction to steer in order to reduce course error
or stay on course. Provides the most efficient
heading to get back to the desired course and
proceed along the flight plan.
DIS
DTK
BRG
TRK
CUM (cumulative) - The total of all legs in a
flight plan (such as ‘cumulative distance’).
XT
K
E
AN
DIS (distance) - The ‘great circle’ distance from
the present position to a destination waypoint.
PL
R
AI
S
DOP (dilution of precision) - A measure of
satellite geometry quality on a scale of one to ten
(lowest numbers are best, highest numbers are
worst).
WPT 1
Figure 15-1 Illustrated NAV Terms
A
IC
RT
VE
Vertical
Navigation
L
VI
NA
O
I
AT
N
LE
VER
TIC
FI
O
PR
CURRENT ALTITUDE
AND POSITION
AL
SPE
ED
RE
Q
DTK (desired track) - The desired course
between the active ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
EFF (efficiency) - A measure of fuel
consumption, expressed in distance per fuel units
(e.g., nautical miles per gallon).
G
TIME AND DISTANCE
TO PROFILE
BRG (bearing) - The compass direction from the
present position to a destination waypoint.
CAS (calibrated airspeed) - Indicated airspeed
corrected for instrument errors.
WPT 2
G
ALT (altitude) - Height above mean sea level
(MSL).
UIR
ENDUR (endurance) - Flight endurance, or total
available flight time based upon available fuel.
ED
TARGET ALTITUDE
AND POSITION
DISTANCE TO TARGET
AIRPORT
Figure 15-2 Illustrated Vertical NAV Terms
EPE (estimated position error) - A measure of
satellite geometry quality and additional factors,
expressed as a horizontal position error in feet or
meters.
ESA (enroute safe altitude) - The
recommended minimum altitude within ten miles,
left or right, of the desired course on an active
flight plan or direct-to.
16-12
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
ETA (estimated time of arrival) - The
estimated time at which the aircraft will reach the
destination waypoint, based upon current speed
and track.
ETE (estimated time enroute) - The time it
will take to reach the destination waypoint, from
present position, based upon current ground
speed.
FF (fuel flow) - The fuel flow rate, expressed in
fuel units per time (e.g., gallons per hour).
FOB (fuel on board) - The total amount of
usable fuel on board the aircraft.
GS (ground speed) - The velocity the aircraft is
travelling relative to a ground position.
HDG (heading) - The direction an aircraft is
pointed, based upon indications from a magnetic
compass or a properly set directional gyro.
IND (indicated) - Information provided by
properly calibrated and set instrumentation in the
aircraft panel (e.g., ‘indicated altitude’).
LFOB (left-over fuel onboard) - The amount of
fuel remaining on board after the completion of a
one or more legs of a flight plan (or a direct-to).
LRES (left-over fuel reserve) - The amount of
fuel remaining on board after the completion of a
one or more legs of a flight plan (or a direct-to),
expressed in time and based upon a known fuel
consumption (flow) rate.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
MSA (minimum safe altitude) - Uses Grid
Minimum Off-route Altitudes (Grid MORAs) to
determine a safe altitude within ten miles of the
present position. Grid MORAs are one degree
latitude by one degree longitude in size and clear
all reference points within the grid by 1000 feet in
areas where the highest reference point is 5000
feet MSL or lower. If the highest reference point
is above 5000 feet, the Grid MORA will clear the
highest reference point by 2000 feet.
TKE (track angle error) - The angle difference
between the desired track and the current track.
An arrow indicates the proper direction to turn to
reduce TKE to zero.
TRK (track) - The direction of movement relative
to a ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground
track’.
VSR (vertical speed required) - The vertical
speed necessary to descend/climb from current
position and altitude to a defined target position
and altitude, based upon the current ground
speed.
XTK (crosstrack error) - The distance the
aircraft is off a desired course in either direction,
left or right.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
16-13
SECTION 16 – MESSAGES,
ABBREVIATIONS, & NAV TERMS
Blank Page
16-14
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
APPENDIX A
DATA CARD USE
Appendix A: Data Card Use
The Jeppesen NavData card, and the Terrain Data
Card (if applicable) supplied with the GNS 530 can be
installed or removed when the GNS 530 is on or off. If the
NavData card is not present when the unit is turned on, a
‘No Jeppesen Aviation Database - Limited to user defined
waypoints’ message appears on the Database Confirmation
Page. If the NavData card is removed during operation,
a ‘Data card removed - Unit will restart in 30 seconds’
warning is displayed. A counter begins to count down
and, if the card is not replaced within 30 seconds, the
GNS 530 automatically re-initializes. Pressing the ENT
Key will manually re-initialize the unit.
NavData
Card Slot
(left-hand slot)
NOTE: There are two data card slots on the
face of the GNS 530 (Figure A-1). The Jeppesen
NavData card should be inserted in the left-hand
slot. The right-hand slot is provided for the
Terrain Data Card.
To insert the NavData or Terrain Data card
(Figure A-2):
1)
Place the card into the appropriate card slot,
with the label facing up and the swing arm
handle on the left.
2)
Press the data card into place until it seats on
the internal connector and the front of the card
is flush with the face of the GNS 530 unit.
3)
If the swing arm handle is extended, gently
lower the handle and push it into place—flush
with the face of the GNS 530 unit.
Terrain Data
Card Slot
(right-hand slot)
Figure A-1 Data Card Slot Locations
Figure A-2 Data Card Insertion/Removal Detail
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
A-1
APPENDIX A
DATA CARD USE
To remove the NavData or Terrain data card
(Figure A-2):
1)
Gently press on the tab—using a slight
rightward motion—at the front center of the
data card. This partially deploys the swing arm
handle.
Press here to
deploy handle
Figure A-3 Swing Arm Handle Operation
A-2
2)
Rotate the swing arm handle outward until it
locks into place, perpendicular to the face of
the GNS 530 unit.
3)
Grasp the top and bottom surfaces of the
swing arm handle between your thumb and
forefinger, and pull directly away from the
face of the GNS 530 unit to remove the data
card.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
APPENDIX B
SPECIFICATIONS
Appendix B: Specifications
Channels:
PHYSICAL
Unit Size:
6.25’W x 11.00’D x 4.60’H
(159 mm x 279 mm x 117 mm)
Unit Weight:
8.5 pounds installed (3.9 kg)
POWER*
Input:
28 Vdc (early GNS 530, all GNS 530A units)
14/28 Vdc (later 530 units)
Temperature:
-20°C to +55°C (operating range)
(-4°F to +131°F)
Humidity:
95% non-condensing
Altitude:
-1,500 ft to 50,000 ft
(-457 m to 15,240 m)
GPS PERFORMANCE
12 parallel channel PhaseTrac12™
Acquisition Time: 12 seconds (warm)
45 seconds (cold)
Update Rate:
Once per second, continuous
Accuracy:
Position - 15 meters (49 ft) RMS
Velocity - 0.1 knot RMS steady state
Dynamics:
999 kts maximum velocity
6g maximum acceleration
190-00181-00 Rev. H
760 (25 kHz spacing)
or 2280 (8.33 kHz spacing)
Frequency Range: 118.000 MHz to 136.975 MHz
Transmit Power: 10 watts minimum (GNS 530)
16 watts minimum (GNS 530A)
VOR PERFORMANCE
ENVIRONMENTAL
Receiver:
VHF COM PERFORMANCE
Frequency Range: 108.00 MHz to 117.95 MHz
LOCALIZER PERFORMANCE
Frequency Range: 108.10 MHz to 111.95 MHz
GLIDESLOPE PERFORMANCE
Frequency Range: 329.15 MHz to 335.00 MHz
INTERFACES
ARINC 429
Aviation RS-232
CDI/HSI
RMI (digital:clock/data)
Superflag Out
Altitude (serial: Icarus, Shadin, Rosetta, or
encoded: Gillham/Greycode)
Fuel Sensor
Fuel/Air Data
* Earlier versions of the 530 were designed to be used
with 28 Vdc power only. For questions on a particular
installation, please refer to a Garmin authorized
service center.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
B-1
APPENDIX B
SPECIFICATIONS
Blank Page
B-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
Appendix C: Troubleshooting
Q&A
This section is designed to answer some of the
common questions regarding the GNS 530’s capabilities
and operation. If there is a problem operating the unit,
read through this appendix and refer to the reference
section noted. If the answer to a particular question is
not covered here, use the index to find the appropriate
section elsewhere in this manual. If, after reading through
the appropriate reference section, the answer cannot be
found , please see an authorized dealer or contact Garmin
directly at the address or phone numbers listed on page
ii. Garmin is dedicated to supporting its products and
customers.
What is RAIM, and how does it affect approach
operations?
RAIM is an acronym for Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring, a GPS receiver function that performs a
consistency check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures
that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver
to calculate a position within a specified protection limit
(4 nm for oceanic, 2 nm for enroute, 1 nm for terminal
and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches).
During oceanic, enroute and terminal phases of flight,
RAIM is available nearly 100% of the time. Because of
the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may
be times when RAIM is not available. The GNS 530
automatically monitors RAIM and warns the pilot with an
alert message (Section 15) when it is not available, and
the INTEG annunciator appears at the bottom left corner
of the screen. If RAIM is not available when crossing the
FAF, the pilot must fly the missed approach procedure.
The GNS 530’s RAIM prediction function (Section 15)
also allows the pilot to see whether RAIM is available for a
specified date and time.
190-00181-00 Rev. H
NOTE: If RAIM is not predicted to be available for
the final approach course, the approach does not
become active—as indicated by an ‘Approach is
not active’ message, a ‘RAIM not available from
FAF to MAP’ message and INTEG annunciator.
Why aren’t there any approaches available for
my flight plan?
Approaches are available for the final destination
airport in a flight plan or as a direct-to (keep in mind
that some VOR/VORTAC identifiers are similar to airport
identifiers). If a destination airport does not have a
GPS approach, the GNS 530 indicates ‘NONE’ for the
available procedures—as listed on the Airport Approach
Page (Figure C-1). For more information on selecting an
approach, see Section 6.1.
Figure C-1 Airport Approach Page
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
C-1
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
What happens when I select an approach?
Can I store a flight plan with an approach,
departure, or arrival?
When loading an approach, departure, or arrival into
the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure, or
arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan—along
with a header line describing the selected instrument
procedure (Figure C-2). The original enroute portion of
the flight plan remains active, unless the pilot ‘activates’
the instrument procedure; which may be done when the
procedure is loaded or at a later time.
Can I file slant Golf (‘/G’) using my GPS?
Yes, the pilot may file a flight plan as /G if the GNS
530 is a certified A1 or A2 installation. If flying enroute,
the pilot may file /G with an expired database only after
having verified all route waypoints. Non-precision
approaches may not be flown with an expired database.
See an approved Airplane Flight Manual Supplement for
more information.
What does the OBS key do and when do I use
it?
The OBS Key is used to select manual (OBS mode)
or automatic sequencing of waypoints. Activating OBS
mode (as indicated by an OBS annunciation directly
above the OBS Key) holds the current ‘active to’ waypoint
as the navigation reference and prevents the GPS from
sequencing to the next waypoint. When OBS mode is
cancelled, automatic waypoint sequencing is selected, and
the GNS 530 automatically selects the next waypoint in
the flight plan once the aircraft has crossed the present
active-to waypoint.
Figure C-2 Active Flight Plan Page
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach,
departure, or arrival. Keep in mind that the active flight
plan is erased when the unit is turned off and overwritten
when another flight plan is activated. When storing flight
plans with an approach, departure, or arrival, the GNS 530
uses the waypoint information from the current database to
define the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated,
the GNS 530 automatically updates the information if
the procedure has not been modified. If an approach,
departure or arrival procedure is no longer available, the
flight plan becomes locked until the procedure is deleted
from the flight plan or the correct database is installed. For
information on loading an approach, departure, or arrival,
see Section 6.1. See Section 5.1 for instructions on saving
and copying flight plans.
C-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
NORMAL (no ‘OBS’
annunciator)
Automatic sequencing of
waypoints
Change in HSI does not
affect CDI deflection
Always navigates ‘TO’ the
active waypoint
Must be in this mode for
final approach course
OBS
Manual sequencing- ‘holds’
on selected waypoint
Manually select course to
next waypoint from HSI
Indicates ‘TO’ or ‘FROM’
waypoint
Cannot be set for final
approach course or
published holding patterns
When OBS mode is active, the GNS 530 allows the
pilot to select the desired course to/from a waypoint using
the HSI (much like a VOR) and display a to/from flag for
the active-to waypoint. If an external course input is not
available, the pilot may select the OBS course on-screen,
via a ‘Select OBS Course’ pop-up window. With OBS
mode cancelled, the CDI always displays a ‘TO’ indication
for the next waypoint once the aircraft has crossed the
active waypoint (provided the active waypoint is not the
last waypoint). Refer to Section 6.2 for an example using
the OBS Key.
One application for the OBS Key is holding patterns.
The OBS Key is used to suspend waypoint sequencing
and select the desired course along the waypoint side of
the hold. For many approach operations, setting and
resetting of waypoint sequencing is automatic. Holding
patterns that are part of an approach automatically
disable waypoint sequencing, then re-enable waypoint
sequencing after one time around the holding pattern.
A ‘SUSP’ annunciation appears directly above the OBS
Key (Figure C-3) to indicate that automatic waypoint
sequencing is temporarily suspended and course selection
is not available. If more than one trip around the holding
pattern is desired, press the OBS Key to again suspend
waypoint sequencing. An example of this operation is
an approach which begins with a holding pattern at the
initial approach fix (IAF). See Section 6.2, Flying an
Approach with a Hold for more information on the ‘SUSP’
annunciation and approaches with holding patterns.
Figure C-3 ‘SUSP’ Annunciation
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
C-3
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
When should I use the OBS key to return to
auto sequencing, and what happens when I do?
How do I skip a waypoint in an approach,
departure or arrival?
The most common application for using the OBS Key
is the missed approach. The GNS 530 suspends automatic
waypoint sequencing (indicated by a ‘SUSP’ annunciation
directly above the OBS Key; see Figure C-4) when the
aircraft crosses the missed approach point (MAP). This
prevents the GNS 530 from automatically sequencing
to the missed approach holding point (MAHP). If a
missed approach is required, press the OBS Key to return
to automatic waypoint sequencing and sequence the
approach to the MAHP. See Section 6.2, Flying the Missed
Approach for more information on missed approaches.
The GNS 530 allows the pilot to manually select any
approach, departure, or arrival leg as the active leg of the
flight plan. This procedure is performed from the Active
Flight Plan Page by highlighting the desired waypoint and
pressing the Direct-to Key twice, then press the ENT
Key to approve the selection (Figure C-5). The GPS then
provides navigation along the selected flight plan leg, so
be sure to have clearance to that position. See Section 5.2,
Shortcuts for more information.
Figure C-5 Activate Leg Window
Figure C-4 ‘SUSP’ Annunciation
Why won’t my unit automatically sequence to
the next waypoint?
The GNS 530 only sequences flight plan waypoints
when automatic sequencing is enabled (i.e., no ‘OBS’ or
‘SUSP’ annunciation directly above the OBS Key). For
automatic sequencing to occur, the aircraft must also cross
the ‘bisector’ of the turn being navigated. The bisector is
a perpendicular line between two flight plan legs which
crosses through the waypoint common to both legs.
C-4
How do I fly the GPS with an autopilot and DG
heading bug?
If the installation does not have an HSI, the pilot
should make the course selections on the external CDI’s
OBS knob and the DG heading bug.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
When does turn anticipation begin, and what
bank angle is expected?
When does the CDI scale change, and what
does it change to?
The GNS 530 smooths adjacent leg transitions based
upon a nominal 15º bank angle (with the ability to roll up
to 25º) and provide three pilot cues for turn anticipation:
The GNS 530 begins a smooth CDI scale transition
from the 5.0 nm (enroute/oceanic mode) to the 1.0 nm
(terminal mode) scale 30 nm from the destination airport
(Figure C-7). The CDI scale further transitions to 0.3
nm (approach mode) at 2 nm prior to the FAF during
an active approach. If the pilot is in a missed approach
situation, and would like to return the CDI to the 1 nm
scale, activate the missed approach sequence by pressing
the OBS Key, as described in Section 6.2, Flying the
Missed Approach. The CDI scale is also 1.0 nm (terminal
mode) within 30 nm of the departure airport.
1) A waypoint alert (‘NEXT DTK ###°’) flashes in the
lower right corner of the screen 10 seconds before
the turn point (Figure C-6).
MAP
Approach
0.3 nm
FAF
Figure C-6 Waypoint Alert
2 nm
2) A flashing turn advisory (‘TURN TO ###°’)
appears along the bottom of the screen when the
aircraft is to begin the turn. Set the HSI to the
next DTK value and begin the turn.
1 nm
Terminal
3) The To/From indicator on the HSI (or CDI)
flips momentarily to indicate that the aircraft
has crossed the midpoint of the turn. For
more information on waypoint alerts and turn
advisories, see Sections 6.2 and 6.3.
1 nm
1 minute
30 nm
5 nm
Enroute/Oceanic
Figure C-7 CDI Scale Transition
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
C-5
APPENDIX C
MAP DATUMS
Why does my CDI not respond like a VOR when
OBS mode is active?
Unlike a VOR, the CDI scale used on GPS equipment
is based on the cross-track distance to the desired course,
not an angular relationship to the destination (Figure
C-8). Therefore, the CDI deflection on the GPS is
constant regardless of the distance to the destination, and
does not become less sensitive when further away from
the destination. For more information on the CDI scale,
see Section 10.4.
2 2
nm nm
5 nm
GPS
5 nm
5 nm
5 nm
VOR
Figure C-8 CDI Comparison
What is the correct missed approach
procedure? How do I select the missed
approach holding point?
To comply with TSO specifications, the GNS 530 does not
automatically sequence past the MAP. The active-to waypoint
sequences to the first waypoint in the missed approach
procedure when the OBS Key is pressed after crossing the
MAP. All published missed approach procedures must be
followed, as indicated on the approach plate.
To execute the missed approach procedure prior to the
MAP (not recommended), select the Active Flight Plan
Page, highlight the MAHP, press the Direct-to Key, and
then press the ENT Key twice.
C-6
How do I re-select the same approach or
activate a new approach after a missed
approach?
After flying all missed approach procedures, the pilot
may reactivate the same approach for another attempt from
the Procedures Page. Once given clearance for another
attempt, activate the approach from the Procedures Page
by highlighting ‘Activate Approach?’ and then pressing the
ENT Key. The GNS 530 provides navigation along the
desired course to the waypoint and rejoin the approach
in sequence from that point on. See Section 5.2, Active
Flight Plan Options for information on activating a specific
flight plan leg.
To activate a new approach for the same airport, select
the new procedure from the Procedures Page. To view
the Procedures Page, press the PROC Key and turn the
large right knob to highlight ‘Select Approach?’. Press
the ENT Key and turn the large right knob to highlight
the new desired approach. Press the ENT Key to select
the approach, then select the desired transition. Finally,
highlight ‘Activate?’ at the bottom right corner of the screen
and press the ENT Key to activate the new approach.
To activate a new approach to a different airport, press
the Direct-to Key and select the desired airport using
the small and large right knobs. Press the ENT Key to
accept the selected airport, then follow the steps in the
preceding paragraph to select an approach for the new
airport. See Section 6.1 for more information on selecting
and activating approaches.
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
INDEX
A
C
Abbreviations 7-5, 7-7, 7-9, 7-16, 7-17, 7-18, 16-9
Accessories 1-1
Activate Leg 5-10, 5-15, C-4
Activate the approach 6-4, 6-10, 6-18, C-6
Activating Flight Plans 5-4
Active Flight Plan Options 5-8, 5-10, 5-11, 5-12, 5-13
Active frequency 1-9, 2-1, 2-2, 2-5, 6-27, 6-33, 9-1, 9-2
Active leg 1-12, 3-3, 5-9, 6-7, 6-8, 6-11, 6-12, 6-16, 6-18,
6-21, 6-29, 6-30, 6-32, C-4
Airport Approach Page 7-5, 7-7, 7-10, 7-11, 7-12, C-1
Airport Frequencies 2-3, 2-5
Airport Location Page 7-2, 7-4, 8-5
Airport Runway Page 7-6
Airport Type 7-5, 7-7–7-10, 7-12, 7-14
Airspace alert messages 1-18, 8-14, 10-22
Airspace information 1-18
Altitude 3-24, 16-1, 16-9
Altitude buffer 8-14, 10-20, 10-21, 10-22
Annunciator 1-8, 1-18, 3-17, 3-19, 8-11, 12-7, 13-7, 16-1,
C-1, C-3
Approach, best available 7-5
Approach procedures 6-1, 6-8, 6-9, 6-12, 6-16, 6-20, 6-31,
7-10, 9-3, C-6
Arrivals 1-4, 1-15, 5-9, 5-12, 5-14, 6-1, 7-1, 7-12, 16-3
Arrival alarm 10-18, 10-20, 10-23, 16-1
Auto-Tuning 2-3, 9-2
Automatic sequencing C-3
Automatic squelch 1-3, 2-1
Automatic zoom 3-10, 3-11
Auto Request 14-23, 14-28–14-30
AUX Page Group 10-1
Aviation data 3-12, 3-16, 3-19
CAUTIONS vi
CDI key 1-4, 6-26, 6-31, 6-32, 9-4, 16-2, 16-7
CDI scale 3-2, 6-11, 6-15, 6-18, 6-28, 6-30,10-18, 10-19,
10-22, 10-23, C-5, C-6
CDI switching 6-32, 6-33
Ceiling and Visibility Graphics 14-36
Checklists 1-7, 10-10, 10-11, 10-12, 10-13, 10-14
Closest point of flight plan 16-4
CLR Key 1-3
COM configuration 10-29
COM Flip-flop Key 1-3
COM Power/Volume Knob 1-3
COM volume 1-5
COM window 1-9, 1-14, 2-1–2-5, 8-4, 8-9, 8-13, 9-1
Contrast 10-20
Copying flight plans C-2
Course from fix flight plan 6-20
Creating a flight plan 6-5
Creating User Waypoints 7-20
Crossfill 3-5, 5-6, 10-2, 10-3, 10-8, 10-9
B
Backlighting 10-20, 10-27, 16-2, 16-3
Bearing 1-6, 1-11, 3-4, 3-8, 3-13, 3-14, 5-9, 5-13, 8-3, 8-5,
8-6, 8-8, 8-9, 16-9, 16-12
Bottom Row Keys 1-4
190-00181-00 Rev. H
D
Database confirmation page 1-6, A-1
Database subscriptions 1-6
Data fields 1-12, 1-13, 3-5, 3-7, 3-13, 3-14, 5-10, 10-5
Data Link Request Log Page 14-27
Data Link Status Page 14-33
Date and time 10-3, 10-8, 10-17, 10-20, C-1
Declutter 1-11, 3-7
Default NAV page 1-10
Delete user waypoints 16-2
Deleting Flight Plans 5-5
Density altitude 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-6
Departures 1-4, 1-15, 5-9, 5-12, 5-14, 6-1, 6-24, 7-1, 7-14,
7-15, 9-3, 16-3
Departure time 10-6, 10-11, 10-15
Desired track 1-11, 1-12, 3-4, 3-7, 5-8, 6-15, 6-23, 6-24,
10-3, 16-7, 16-12, 16-13
Direct-to Key 1-3
Direct-To Navigation 4-6
Display backlighting 16-2, 16-3
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
I-1
INDEX
Display contrast 10-20
DIS (distance) 1-11, 1-12, 3-4, 3-7, 5-8, 5-10, 6-6, 6-15,
6-21, 6-22, 6-28, 7-16, 7-18, 7-20, 7-21, 7-22, 10-3,
10-6, 10-24, 16-9, 16-12
DME Arc 3-3, 6-13
DOP 3-23, 3-24, 15-1, 16-3, 16-9, 16-12
Duplex operations 8-9
Duplicate waypoints 7-4
E
Emergency channel select 2-5
ENT Key 1-3
EPE 3-23, 3-24, 15-1, 16-9, 16-12
ETA (estimated time of arrival) 3-4, 5-10,10-3, 10-6, 16-9,
16-13
ETE (estimated time enroute) 1-12, 3-4, 5-10, 10-3, 10-6,
16-9, 16-13
F
FDE 1-8, 15-1, 15-2, 16-9
Field Elevation 1-3–1-8, 7-4
Flight phases 10-11, 10-17, 15-1
Flight Planning Page 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-5, 10-6, 10-8,
11-1–11-4
Flight plans 1-4, 1-5, 1-19, 4-3, 5-1, 5-6, 5-7, 10-2, 10-3,
10-9, 16-3, 16-5, 16-7, C-2
Flight plan catalog 1-19, 1-20, 5-1–5-9, 6-4
Flight timers 10-14, 10-15
Forecast Abbreviations 14-35
FPL Key 1-4
Frequency fields 1-3, 1-9, 1-13, 1-14, 1-16, 1-17, 1-18,
2-1–2-5, 3-10, 3-21, 3-22, 6-2, 6-5, 6-25, 6-27, 6-28,
6-29, 6-33, 7-8, 7-9, 7-11, 7-16, 7-17, 8-7, 8-9, 8-10,
8-13, 9-1–9-4, 16-6, 16-7
Frequency selection 9-1
Fuel planning 10-1–10-4
Full Screen Map 3-13
G
GPS v
GPS receiver status 3-23
GPS Window 1-9
Ground speed 1-11, 1-12, 3-4, 3-7, 3-14, 3-23, 6-23, 6-24,
10-2, 10-3, 10-5, 10-6, 10-11, 10-15, 10-16, 16-13
Ground track 1-11, 3-4, 16-13
Gust Offset Graphics 14-37
H
HOLD 6-9, 6-11, 6-23
Hold, in an approach 6-9, 6-22, C-3
Holding pattern 5-15, 6-9, 6-10, 6-11, 6-23, C-3
I
Ident Audio 9-1
IFR Procedures 1-15
ILS approach 6-25, 6-27, 6-28, 6-29, 6-33, 9-3
Insert the NavData card A-1
Instrument Panel Self-Test Page 1-6
INTEG annunciator C-1
Intersections 1-11, 1-16, 7-1, 8-1, 8-2, 8-5
Inverting Flight Plans 5-4
IOI (imminent obstacle impact) 12-5, 13-5
ITI (imminent terrain impact) 12-5
K
Keys and Knobs 1-2, 1-3
Key and Knob Functions 1-2
L
Land data 1-5, 3-10, 3-12, 16-5
Land data page 1-5
Large right knob 1-3
Left-hand Keys and Knobs 1-3
Loading an approach C-2
Local time 10-20, 10-26
Locked waypoints 16-2
GDL 49 14-19
GDL 69/69A 14-19
Generic timer 10-14, 10-15
I-2
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
INDEX
M
Magnetic variation 10-20, 10-24
Magnetic variation 7-17
Main page groups 8-1, 10-1
Manual sequence 6-20, 6-24
MAP 4-1, 6-3
Map datum 10-18
Map Direct-To 3-8
Map orientation 3-10, 3-11
Map Page 1-11, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8, 3-10, 3-14, 4-5, 6-7, 6-8,
6-12, 6-16, 6-18, 6-22, 6-29, 7-18, 7-20, 10-20, 16-5
Map page options 3-10
Map Panning 3-8
Map range 1-2, 1-3, 1-11, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8, 3-11
Map setup 3-7
Max speed 10-16
Measurement units 1-5, 10-18, 10-20, 10-23, 10-24
MENU Key 1-3
Messages 1-4, 1-18, 3-23, 8-14, 10-3, 10-7, 10-8, 10-21,
10-22, 16-1
Message Page 1-8, 1-18, 2-5
METAR 14-19, 14-36
METAR Graphics 14-36
Missed approach 4-1, 6-3, 6-8–6-13, 6-16, 6-20–6-23, 6-31,
6-32, 16-6, C-1, C-4, C-5, C-6
Mode S 14-1
MSA (minimum safe altitude) 3-4, 16-10, 16-13
MSG Key 1-4
N
NAVAID v, 3-10, 16-10
NAV/COM page 1-10, 1-13, 1-14, 1-16, 2-4, 3-21, 3-22, 6-5
NavData card 1-6, 1-15, A-1, A-2
Navigation terms 1-11, 1-12, 3-14, 16-12
NAV Page Group 1-5, 2-4, 3-2
NDB 1-11, 1-16, 3-6, 6-3, 7-2, 7-5, 7-16, 7-17, 7-18, 7-19,
7-21, 8-3, 8-6, 16-10
Nearest (NRST) Pages 1-16
Nearest airport criteria 10-21, 10-27, 10-28
Nearest Airport Page 1-16, 1-17, 2-3, 8-2, 8-3, 8-4, 10-21
Nearest airspace 1-16
Nearest Airspace Page 8-11
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Nearest ARTCC 1-16, 2-4, 8-8
Nearest ARTCC Page 8-8
Nearest FSS 1-16, 8-2, 8-9
Nearest FSS Page 8-9
Nearest Intersection Page 1-16, 8-5
Nearest NDB Page 1-16, 8-6
Nearest User Waypoint Page 1-16, 8-8
Nearest VOR Page 1-16, 8-6
NEXRAD 14-19–14-26, 14-29
NEXRAD Intensity 14-21
NEXRAD Request Page 14-22
NOAA 14-21
Non-Bearing Traffic Advisory 14-8
NRST Page Group 1-16, 8-1
O
OBS key 1-4, 6-8, 6-9, 6-11, 6-13, 6-16, 6-20–6-25, 6-31,
6-32, 16-1, 16-6, C-2–C-6
Odometer 10-16
Overzoom 3-7
P
Packing List 1-1
Page groups 1-3, 3-1, 8-1, 10-1
PDA (premature descent alert) 12-5
Pointer, panning 3-8, 3-9, 3-13, 4-5, 7-20
Position format 1-5, 10-25
Position page 16-1, 16-5
Powering up the GNS 530 1-3, 1-5
Precipitation Graphics 14-36
Procedures Page 1-15, 6-1–6-4, 6-17, 7-14, 7-15, 9-3, C-6
Procedure turn 5-15, 6-4, 6-7, 6-26, 6-28, 6-29, 6-33
PROC Key 1-4, 1-15, 5-9, 6-1, 6-2, 6-3, 6-5, 6-9, 6-10, 6-14,
6-17, 6-18, 6-23, 6-27, 9-3, C-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
I-3
INDEX
R
T
Radar coverage 7-5
RAIM prediction 10-16
RAIM protection limits 10-17
Reference waypoint 5-9, 5-13, 7-18–7-23
Remove the NavData card A-2
Removing approaches 5-14
Requesting Graphical METARS 14-28
Request METAR 14-26
Request NEXRAD 14-26
Right-hand Keys and Knobs 1-3
RNG key 1-3, 3-6, 3-16, 3-19, 7-6, 7-7
Roads 3-8, 3-12
ROC 13-5
RTC (required terrain clearance) 12-5
Runway information 1-16, 8-4
Target pointer 3-8, 3-9, 7-20
TAS (Traffic Advisory Systems) 14-12
TAWS 12-6, 13-5
TAWS Page 3-15, 3-18
TCAS 14-1, 14-12
Temp-Dew Point Ranges 14-38
TERMS 16-1
TERRAIN 1-10, 3-15–3-20, 12-1, 12-5, 12-7, 13-1, 13-3,
13-7
TERRAIN Page 1-10, 3-15–3-19, 12-7, 13-3, 13-7
Terrain separation v
Thumbnail Traffic 14-9
Timers 10-10, 10-11, 10-14
TIS 14-1
Track (TRK) 1-6, 1-11, 1-12, 3-4, 3-7, 3-11, 3-12, 3-14, 3-23,
5-8, 6-15, 6-23, 6-24, 6-29, 6-32, 10-3, 10-6, 10-20,
16-7, 16-12, 16-13, C-6
Traffic Advisory 14-4
Traffic coasting 14-7
Traffic Ground Track 14-5
Traffic Page 14-5
Traffic Warning Window 14-7
Transitions 5-11, 5-12, 6-1, 6-5, 6-10, 6-17, 7-10–7-15, 9-3,
16-3, C-5
Trip planning 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-5
Trip statistics 10-10, 10-16
Tuning cursor 1-3, 1-9, 2-1, 2-2, 9-1
Turn advisories C-5
Turn anticipation 16-7, C-5
S
Satellite Status Page 1-8, 3-23, 15-1
Scheduler message 16-6
Scroll Bar 1-4, 3-22, 8-3, 8-5, 8-6
Select Approach 1-15, 5-11, 6-1, 6-4, 6-9, 7-11, 9-3, C-6
Select Arrival 1-15, 5-12, 6-1
Select Departure 1-15, 5-12, 6-1
Self test 1-5
Setup Page 10-18, 10-24, 10-26
Shortcuts 4-4, 5-14
SIDs 1-15, 15-2
Signal strength 1-8, 3-23
Sky view 3-23
Small left knob 1-3
Small right knob 1-3
Software/database version 10-10
Sort list 5-7, 10-14
Specifications vi, B-1
Squelch 2-1, 16-11
Standby Frequency 1-9, 2-2, 8-9, 8-10
STARs 1-15, 15-2
Stuck Microphone 2-5
SUSP 6-8, 6-11, 6-13, 6-16, 6-20–6-24, 6-31, 6-32, 16-1,
C-3, C-4
Symbols 3-3, 3-6, 3-17, 3-20, 7-16, 7-17
I-4
U
Units of measure 1-5, 10-18, 10-20, 10-23, 10-24
User Waypoint List 7-22, 7-23, 7-25
User Waypoint Page 7-18, 7-19, 7-20, 7-21, 7-22, 7-23, 8-8
Utility Page 10-10–10-14, 10-16, 10-17, 10-18
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
INDEX
V
Vectors-To-Final 3-3, 6-17
Vertical Navigation 16-1, 16-11
VLOC audio 9-1
VLOC flip-flop key 1-3, 1-14, 6-28, 6-33, 7-17, 8-7, 8-10,
9-2, 9-3, 9-4, 16-6, 16-8
VLOC volume knob 1-3, 9-1
VLOC window 1-9, 1-14, 2-2, 3-22, 6-25, 6-27, 7-8, 7-17,
8-7, 8-10, 9-1, 9-3, 9-4
Volume 1-3, 1-5, 2-1, 9-1
VORs 1-11, 1-16, 3-10, 3-16, 3-19, 4-2, 7-1, 7-17, 8-1, 8-2,
8-6
VSR 3-4, 16-11, 16-13
W
Warranty vi, vii
Waypoint alerts C-5
Waypoint List 7-22, 7-23, 7-25
Waypoint sequencing 3-3, 6-11, 6-23, 16-1, C-2, C-3, C-4
Weather Age Graphic 14-36
Weather broadcast 7-16, 7-17
Weather Data Link 14-1, 14-19, 14-20
Weather Legend Page 14-31
Winds aloft 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-6
Wind Speed Graphics 14-37
WPT page group 5-15, 7-1, 7-2, 7-17
190-00181-00 Rev. H
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
I-5
INDEX
I-6
GNS 530(A) Pilot’s Guide and Reference
190-00181-00 Rev. H
Garmin International, Inc.
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p: 913.397.8200 f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
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Garmin Corporation
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p: 886/2.2642.9199 f: 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
© 2009 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-00181-00 Rev. H