Owner`s manual | Garmin 5008 Marine GPS System User Manual

GPSMAP 695/696
®
Portable Aviation Receiver
Owner’s Manual
OVERVIEW
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Copyright © 2008, 2012 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 6.20 or later. Some differences
in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later
software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd, Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park,
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted,
disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express
written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this
manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to
be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision
must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized
commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin®,GPSMAP®, FliteCharts® and SafeTaxi® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its
subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Jeppesen® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
AC-U-KWIK® is a registered trademark of Penton Business Media, Inc.
SiriusXM Satellite Radio is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
SiriusXM Weather is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
.
August, 2012
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Printed in Taiwan.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: When installing the GPSMAP® 695/696, place the unit so it does
not obstruct the field of view or interfere with operating controls.
WARNING: The indicators represented on the Panel are based on GPS-derived
data and may differ from the instruments in the aircraft.
WARNING: The GPSMAP 695/696 is intended only as an aid for VFR
navigation. Do not attempt to use this unit for any purpose requiring precise
measurement of direction, distance, location, or topography.
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon
the use of the terrain function. The GPSMAP 695/696 Terrain Proximity feature
is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of
surroundings during flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used
as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications
requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from
third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy
of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by GPSMAP 695/696 GPS receiver is
geometric height above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from
the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters. GPS altitude should never be
used for vertical navigation.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used
in the GPSMAP 695/696 must be updated regularly in order to ensure that
the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances
or conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained with in
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
WARNING: For safety reasons, GPSMAP 695/696 operational procedures
must be learned on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS
system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance
of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 utilize GPS
as a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all
NAVAIDs, information presented by the GPSMAP 695/696 can be misused
or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the GPSMAP 695/696 User’s Manual documentation
and the Pilot’s Operating Handbook for the aircraft. Thoroughly practice basic
operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare
indications from the GPSMAP 695/696 to all available navigation sources,
including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc.
For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the
GPSMAP 695/696 to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm. Both the FAA
Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm
identified as severe or giving an intense radar echo.”
CAUTION: The display uses a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating
that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS
CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is
very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass
lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 does not contain any userserviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin
service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the
warranty and the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC
regulations.
NOTE: The Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 has a very high degree of functional
integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or
self-test capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although
unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault
indication shown by the GPSMAP 695/696. It is thus the responsibility of
the pilot to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all
redundant or correlated information available in the cockpit.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the GPSMAP 695/696 display, are subject to change and may not
reflect the most current GPSMAP 695/696 and aviation databases. Depictions
of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but does not guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the display to appear dim or
blank.
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction TFR information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations of Air Traffic Control.
NOTE: SiriusXM Weather is only available when the optional GXM 40 antenna
is installed.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Part Number
190-00919-00
Rev
Date
D November,
2008
E March,
2012
Change Summary
Initial release.
Description
Production Release.
System Software Version 2.00 - 2.20 changes:
•
Added separate leg and cumulative distance, ETE, and fuel fields to the
flight plan pages.
System Software Version 2.20-2.30 changes:
•
Added indication of airport CTAF frequencies to WPT page.
System Software Version 2.70-2.80 changes:
•
•
•
•
•
Added display of plain-language PIREP text.
Added display of VOR radials when airway is highlighted.
Added display of country when reviewing a user waypoint.
Added sea surface temperature data.
Added display of parachute jumping area.
System Software Version 2.90-3.00:
•
Added daylight savings time information display on Airport Waypoint
page.
System Software Version 3.10-3.20 changes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
FlightCharts are no longer disabled after fade date.
Added ability to import/export flight data via datacard.
Added ablility to highlight multiple weather objects using map cursor.
Added XM page menu option for selecting a specific channel number.
Added nearest airport page softkeys for toggling on/off private airports
and heliports.
Added TIS traffic data status indicator to the Map Page.
System Software Version 3.30-4.00 changes:
•
•
•
Added user-created checklists.
Added support to export user waypoints and track logs to SD card.
Added support for ChartView and geo-referenced FlightCharts.
System Software Version 4.20-4.30 changes:
•
•
•
•
RR-10
Added SiriusXM warning text.
Added menu options to WPT page for viewing departure and
destination airports.
Added displaced runway threshold distance on airport review page.
Added suggested indicated altitude on E6B page.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Rev
Date
E March,
2012
Description
System Software Version 4.40-4.50 changes:
•
Added AC-U-KWIK airport data support.
System Software Version 4.70-4.80 changes:
•
Added display setup option to show/hide aircraft position on maps and
charts.
System Software Version 4.80-4.90 changes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Added configurable data fields to display current climb gradient in
percent or altitude gain per nautical mile.
Added runway number labels to runway extension lines on map.
Added Map Setup page items for adjusting visibility of water labels,
park and land cover areas, runway numbers, and runway extension
lines.
Added separate control for speed and distance units.
Added custom waypoint symbols support.
Changed screenshot utility to be activated when Menu key is pressed
and held.
Changed XTK data fields display to more closely resemble G3X
presentation.
Other changes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Changed XM to SiriusXM throughout.
Added TRAFFIC Softkey to Map Page Softkeys.
Added AOPA/DIRECTORY Softkey update info.
Added Terrain Page Softkeys.
Added Info Page Softkey.
Added Active Flight Plan Page Softkeys.
Added Flight Plan List Page Softkeys.
Added VNAV Page Softkeys.
Added Nearest Page Softkeys.
Updated AIRMETS and SIGMETS.
Added PIREP info.
Added Turbulence Forecast info.
Added Icing Forecast info.
Updated Chartview and FliteChart info.
Updated AOPA Airport Directory to just Airport Directory where
applicable.
Updated System Messages.
Updated Data Field Options
Updated database information.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
RR-11
Rev
Date
F July, 2012
Description
System Software Version 4.90-5.00 changes:
•
•
Correct Disclaimer page database expiration date information
Correct missing ‘Mark’ waypoint operation (695 units only)
System Software Version 5.00-6.00 changes:
•
G
RR-12
August,
2012
Added GDL 39 support
System Software Version 6.00-6.20 changes:
•
•
Added TargetTrend™
Added GDL 39 Serial Pass-Through
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Table of Contents
SECTION 1 OVERVIEW................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 Unit Overview..................................................................................................................... 1
Battery Care and Charging.................................................................................................... 2
Turning the Unit On/Off......................................................................................................... 4
GPS Receiver Status.............................................................................................................. 6
1.2 GPSMAP 695/696 Controls................................................................................................ 8
1.3 Accessing System Functionality.................................................................................... 10
Menus................................................................................................................................ 10
Data Entry........................................................................................................................... 11
Pages.................................................................................................................................. 13
Main Page Softkeys............................................................................................................. 18
Flight Planning Softkeys...................................................................................................... 23
Nearest Page Softkeys......................................................................................................... 24
1.4 System Settings................................................................................................................ 25
Display................................................................................................................................ 26
Sound................................................................................................................................. 28
Units................................................................................................................................... 29
Date & Time........................................................................................................................ 30
Position............................................................................................................................... 30
Interface............................................................................................................................. 31
Alarms................................................................................................................................ 31
Power................................................................................................................................. 32
Setting Airport Criteria......................................................................................................... 33
Utilities............................................................................................................................... 34
SECTION 2 GPS NAVIGATION................................................................................................ 35
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................... 35
Data Bar Fields.................................................................................................................... 36
Compass Arc....................................................................................................................... 38
2.2 Panel................................................................................................................................... 40
Changing the CDI Scale....................................................................................................... 41
Setting the Bug Indicator..................................................................................................... 42
Manually Setting a Course................................................................................................... 42
2.3 Vertical Navigation (VNAV)............................................................................................ 43
Using the VNAV Feature...................................................................................................... 44
2.4 Using Map Displays.......................................................................................................... 46
Map Orientation................................................................................................................. 47
Map Range......................................................................................................................... 48
Map Panning...................................................................................................................... 49
Measuring Bearing and Distance......................................................................................... 51
Topography......................................................................................................................... 52
Satellite View...................................................................................................................... 53
Map Symbols...................................................................................................................... 54
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
i
Table of Contents
Airports & NAVAIDs............................................................................................................ 55
Cities & Roads.................................................................................................................... 56
Airspace.............................................................................................................................. 57
Airways............................................................................................................................... 57
2.5 Waypoints.......................................................................................................................... 60
Frequencies......................................................................................................................... 63
Nearest Information............................................................................................................ 64
Weather Information........................................................................................................... 66
Intersections....................................................................................................................... 68
NDBs.................................................................................................................................. 68
VORs.................................................................................................................................. 69
User Waypoints................................................................................................................... 70
2.6 Airspace.............................................................................................................................. 74
Airspace Alert Messages...................................................................................................... 75
Smart Airspace™.................................................................................................................. 75
2.7 Direct-to Navigation........................................................................................................ 76
SECTION 3 FLIGHT PLANNING.............................................................................................. 79
3.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................... 79
Data Fields.......................................................................................................................... 79
3.2 Flight Plan Creation......................................................................................................... 81
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan......................................................................... 83
Graphical Flight Planning.................................................................................................... 85
3.3 Flight Plan Storage.......................................................................................................... 88
3.4 Flight Plan Activation...................................................................................................... 89
Editing Speed and Fuel Flow................................................................................................ 90
Copying Flight Plans............................................................................................................ 92
Deleting Flight Plans........................................................................................................... 92
Inverting a Flight Plan......................................................................................................... 94
Importing/Exporting Flight Plans.......................................................................................... 95
3.5 Approaches........................................................................................................................ 96
Selecting an Approach......................................................................................................... 97
Activating Vectors-to-Final................................................................................................. 100
3.6 Trip Planning.................................................................................................................... 101
SECTION 4 HAZARD AVOIDANCE....................................................................................... 103
4.1 Weather Information..................................................................................................... 103
SiriusXM Weather (696 only)............................................................................................. 104
Data Link weather (FIS-B).................................................................................................. 124
4.2 Terrain............................................................................................................................... 141
Terrain Information............................................................................................................ 142
Obstacle Information......................................................................................................... 142
Terrain and Obstacle Color Code....................................................................................... 143
ii
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Table of Contents
Terrain Settings................................................................................................................. 143
Terrain Alerts..................................................................................................................... 146
4.3 Traffic Information ........................................................................................................ 148
Traffic Information Service (TIS-A)...................................................................................... 149
Data Link Traffic (GDL 39).................................................................................................. 153
SECTION 5 ADDITIONAL FEATURES................................................................................. 167
5.1 SafeTaxi............................................................................................................................ 167
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision.................................................................................. 169
5.2 ChartView (Optional).................................................................................................... 169
Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 172
Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 173
Jeppesen Database-published NOTAMs............................................................................. 173
5.3 FliteCharts®...................................................................................................................... 174
Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 177
Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 178
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date................................................................... 179
5.4 Airport Directory Data.................................................................................................. 180
5.5 SiriusXM Radio Entertainment (GPSMAP 696).......................................................... 182
Activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio Services........................................................................ 182
Using SiriusXM Radio......................................................................................................... 183
5.6 Electronic Checklists...................................................................................................... 188
5.7 Flight Data Logging....................................................................................................... 188
SECTION 6 APPENDICES........................................................................................................ 189
Messages, Alerts & Data Field Options............................................................................. 189
System Messages.............................................................................................................. 189
Airspace Messages............................................................................................................ 191
Aural Alerts....................................................................................................................... 191
Data Field Options............................................................................................................ 192
Abnormal Operation............................................................................................................. 195
Resetting the Unit............................................................................................................. 195
Loss of GPS Position.......................................................................................................... 195
Hazard Display with Loss of GPS Position........................................................................... 196
SD Card Use and Databases................................................................................................ 197
SD Card Use...................................................................................................................... 197
GPSMAP 695/696 Databases............................................................................................ 198
Updating GPSMAP 695/696 Databases............................................................................. 202
Exporting Track Logs and User Waypoints........................................................................... 205
Importing/Exporting Flight Plans........................................................................................ 205
Installation & Interfacing Information............................................................................. 207
Connecting the Power/Data Cable..................................................................................... 207
Connecting to a Garmin VHF Comm Radio......................................................................... 208
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
iii
Table of Contents
Connecting to a Computer................................................................................................ 209
Information about USB Drivers.......................................................................................... 210
Using xImage for Customized Waypoint Symbols................................................................ 210
Connecting the GXM 40 Antenna (GPSMAP 696).............................................................. 210
Interfacing........................................................................................................................ 211
Connecting to a GTX 330 Mode S Transponder.................................................................. 213
Connecting to a GDL 39.................................................................................................... 214
Using an external GPS Antenna (Optional)......................................................................... 219
General TIS-A Information................................................................................................... 221
TIS-A vs. TAS/TCAS............................................................................................................ 221
TIS-A Limitations............................................................................................................... 222
Utilities..................................................................................................................................... 225
Flight Log.......................................................................................................................... 225
Track Log.......................................................................................................................... 227
Heading Line..................................................................................................................... 230
Aircraft Profile................................................................................................................... 234
Weight & Balance............................................................................................................. 236
EPE Circle......................................................................................................................... 237
Proximity Waypoints.......................................................................................................... 238
Display Symbols..................................................................................................................... 241
VFR Symbols..................................................................................................................... 241
IFR Symbols...................................................................................................................... 242
Airspace Symbols.............................................................................................................. 244
Map Datum and Location Formats.................................................................................... 247
Map Datums..................................................................................................................... 247
Location Formats............................................................................................................... 247
Glossary................................................................................................................................... 249
License Agreement and Warranty...................................................................................... 255
Contact Garmin................................................................................................................ 255
Software License Agreement.............................................................................................. 255
Limited Warranty............................................................................................................... 255
AOPA Airport Directory Notice........................................................................................... 256
AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT..................................................................................... 256
Weather Data Warranty..................................................................................................... 257
SiriusXM Satellite Radio Service Agreement........................................................................ 258
FCC Compliance............................................................................................................... 258
Industry Canada Compliance............................................................................................. 258
Index...........................................................................................................................Index-1
iv
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Overview
Overview
SECTION 1 OVERVIEW
1.1 UNIT OVERVIEW
Flight Planning
7” WVGA (800x480)
Color Display
GPS Navigation
The GPSMAP 695/696 presents GPS-derived analog flight instrumentation,
position, navigation, and hazard avoidance information to the pilot using a 7” Wide
VGA (800x480) color display.
Power Button
Hazard Avoidance
SD Card Slot
External GPS Antenna
Connector
USB Connector
Backlit Keypad
Unit Overview
Appendices
External Power/Serial Port
Connector
Battery Pack
Additional Features
Audio (Headphones/Line Out)
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
1
Overview
BATTERY WARNINGS
If these guidelines are not followed, the internal Nickel Metal Hydride battery may
experience a shortened life span or may present a risk of damage to the GPS unit, fire,
chemical burn, electrolyte leak, and/or injury.
•Contact your local waste disposal department to properly recycle/dispose of the
unit/battery.
•Do not leave the unit exposed to a heat source or in a high temperature location,
such as in the sun in an unattended aircraft on a hot day. To prevent damage,
remove the unit from the aircraft or store it out of direct sunlight.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
BATTERY CARE AND CHARGING
•Do not disassemble, puncture, damage, or incinerate the unit/battery.
Hazard Avoidance
•When storing the unit for a limited length of time (less than 30 days), store within
the following temperature range: -68° to 122°F (-20° to 50°C). When storing the
unit for an extended time, store within the following temperature range: -68° to
86°F (-20° to 30°C).
Additional Features
•Do not operate the unit outside of the following temperature range: -68° to 140°F
(-20° to 60°C).
•Keep the used battery away from children.
Additional User-replaceable Battery Warnings
•Do not use a sharp object to remove the battery.
Appendices
•Do not recharge the battery out of the unit.
•Only replace with a Garmin Nickel Metal Hydride battery pack. Using another
battery presents a risk of fire or explosion. To purchase a replacement battery, see
your Garmin dealer or the Garmin Web site.
Index
Additional Non-user-replaceable Battery Warnings
•Do not remove or attempt to remove the non-user-replaceable battery.
•When disposing of the unit, take it to a professional service, such as a waste
electronics treatment facility, to have the battery removed and recycled.
2
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Overview
Overview
INSERTING/REMOVING THE BATTERY PACK
GPS Navigation
Battery Locks (Out)
Battery Locks (In)
CHARGING THE BATTERY PACK
104°F (0° to 40°C).
The unit begins charging as soon as external power is applied. When the unit in
Charge Mode it reduces the draw on the aircraft’s battery.
NOTE: While in Charge Mode, the unit draws a current from the aircraft. To
avoid discharging the aircraft’s battery, disconnect the external power cable
from the unit when not in use for several days.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
3
Index
Applying external power to the GPSMAP 695/696 automatically turns on the unit for
full operation. If the battery is present and needs to be charged, the external power
source charges the battery while the unit is in use.
Appendices
Using charge mode
Additional Features
Charging the unit’s battery pack:
1) Align the notches on the unit with the vehicle power cable plug.
2) Push the plug into the external power connector until fully seated.
3) Plug the power cable into the aircraft power outlet (cigarette lighter
receptacle).
4) Route the power cable so that it does not interfere with aircraft operation.
Hazard Avoidance
Plug the unit into a 12-Volt or 24-Volt connector to charge. The unit can be used
while it is charging. Charge the unit within the following temperature range: 32° to
Flight Planning
Inserting the Battery Pack
If you do not want to use the unit, but you would like to charge the battery, you can
put the unit into Charge Mode. Connect the unit to an external power supply. Press
and hold the POWER Button. Instead of completely turning off, the unit now goes
into Charge Mode.
TURNING THE UNIT ON/OFF
Press and hold the POWER Button to turn the unit on or off.
NOTE: If the display appears dark or dim, adjust the display backlighting as
necessary upon power up. The GPSMAP 695/696 retains the backlighting
settings between power cycles. Backlighting may have been set to a level
not suitable for the current ambient lighting. For more information on display
backlighting see section 1.4 (System Settings).
The power button can be used to quickly set the backlight intensity. A momentary
press of the power button (after the unit is powered on) will display a window showing
the current backlight setting. From this window the backlight setting can be adjusted
with the joystick knob, or a second momentary press of the power button changes the
backlight level to full bright (10).
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Overview
Index
Adjusting Backlighting on Power up
The first time the unit is turned on, the receiver must collect satellite data and
establish its present location. To ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 695/696 is
shipped from the factory in AutoLocate mode, which allows the receiver to “find itself”
anywhere in the world.
4
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Overview
Overview
During initialization, current database information is displayed. Database information
includes valid operating dates, cycle number, and database type. When this information
has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot
is prompted to continue.
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge this information.
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Additional Features
After acknowledgement of the database information, the pilot is prompted to
acknowledge a data link weather advisory.
Hazard Avoidance
Database Initialization
Appendices
Data link Weather Advisory
Index
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge this information.
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
5
Overview
Overview
GPS RECEIVER STATUS
The receiver status field on the INFO Page displays one of the following conditions:
•Autolocate—Receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been
collected, which can take up to 5 minutes
GPS Navigation
•Searching the Sky—Receiver is looking for satellites
•Acquiring Satellites—Receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites
visible at its last known or initialized location, but has not acquired a fix
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
•2D GPS Location—At least three satellites have been acquired and a twodimensional location fix has been calculated. “2D Differential” appears when
you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode
•3D GPS Location—At least four satellites have been acquired and a threedimensional fix has been calculated. “3D Differential” appears when you are
receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode
•Lost Satellite Reception—the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a
2D or 3D fix
Constellation
Diagram
Receiver Status
PRN Number
Signal
Strength Bar
45° Above
Horizon
PRN Number
Appendices
Horizon
Index
GPS Status (Info Page)
6
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Overview
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
Additional Features
- Gray bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can
be used
Hazard Avoidance
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
Flight Planning
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a satellite
constellation diagram. The outer circle of the constellation diagram represents the horizon,
the inner circle represents 45° above the horizon, and the center point shows the position
directly overhead. Each satellite is represented by a square containing the Pseudo-Random
Noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite identification number).
The INFO Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to
poor satellite coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a
signal strength bar is displayed for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN
number (01-32 or 33-64 for WAAS) below each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is
shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar appearance:
GPS Navigation
SATELLITE INFORMATION
Overview
ACQUIRING SATELLITES
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation,
the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously from the satellites) and last
known position to determine the satellites that should be in view. ‘Acquiring Satellites’
is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired for
computing a solution.
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential GPS solution, ‘3D GPS
Location’ is indicated as the solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition.
Appendices
Index
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Overview
Overview
1.2 GPSMAP 695/696 CONTROLS
The GPSMAP 695/696 controls have been designed to simplify operation of the system
and minimize workload and the time required to access sophisticated functionality.
GPS Navigation
1
2
Flight Planning
3
4
5
6
Hazard Avoidance
7
8
Additional Features
9
10
Index
Appendices
Controls
8
1
Power
Button
Press and hold to turn the unit on or off
With the unit on, press to adjust the backlight and volume
2
RNG Key
Press to increase or decrease the viewing range of the map
3
FMS
Joystick
Press the FMS Joystick to toggle input focus between user
interaction with the current page and the page navigation bar
Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to access a dropdown menu
Turn the FMS Joystick to change the selected value within the
highlighted field
Move the FMS Joystick to highlight fields or move the map pointer
when interacting with the page
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Overview
Press to cancel an entry, revert to the previous value in a data entry
field or remove menus
Press and hold to return to the default page
6
MENU Key Press once to view the Page Menu
Press twice to view the Main Menu
Press a third time to clear the Main Menu
7
FPL Key
Press to display the Flight Plan Page
Press a second time to remove the Flight Plan Page
8
Direct-To
Key
Press to activate the Direct-To function, enter a destination
waypoint and establish a direct course to the selected destination
9
NRST Key
Press to display the Nearest Page for viewing the nearest airports,
intersections, NDBs, VORs, waypoints, frequencies, and airspaces
10
Softkey
Selection
Keys
Press to select the softkey shown above the bezel key on the unit
Additional Features
CLR Key
Hazard Avoidance
5
Flight Planning
Press to confirm menu selection or data entry
Press to acknowledge messages
Press and hold to mark a waypoint
GPS Navigation
ENT Key
Overview
4
Appendices
Index
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9
1.3 ACCESSING SYSTEM FUNCTIONALITY
MENUS
The GPSMAP 695/696 has a dedicated MENU Key that when pressed once displays
a context-sensitive list of options for the page (Page Menu), and when pressed twice
displays the Main Menu.
The Page Menu allows the user to access additional features or make settings
changes which specifically relate to the currently displayed window/page. Menus
display ‘No Options’ when there are no options for the window/page selected.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Overview
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Navigating the Page Menu:
1) Press the MENU Key once to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options
(a scroll bar always appears to the right of the window/box when the
option list is longer than the window/box).
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
4) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the MENU Key twice to remove the
menu and cancel the operation.
Appendices
Page Menu (No Options)
Terrain (TER) Page Menu
Index
Navigating the Main Menu:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options
(a scroll bar always appears to the right of the window/box when the
option list is longer than the window/box).
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
4) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey, or the MENU Key to
remove the menu and cancel the operation.
10
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Overview
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Main Menu
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11
Index
Besides character-by-character data entry, the system also provides a shortcut
for entering waypoint identifiers. When the cursor is on a field awaiting entry of a
waypoint identifier, turning the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise accesses a menu with
three different lists of identifiers for quick selections: recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS),
nearest airports (NRST APTS), and flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS). The GPSMAP
695/696 automatically fills in the identifier, facility and city fields with the information
for the selected waypoint.
Appendices
The FMS Joystick can be used for directly entering alphanumeric data into the
GPSMAP 695/696. In some instances, such as when entering an identifier, the
GPSMAP 695/696 tries to predict the desired identifier based on the characters being
entered. In this case, if the desired identifier appears, use the ENT Key to confirm the
entry without entering the rest of the identifier manually. This can save the pilot from
having to enter all the characters of the identifier.
Additional Features
DATA ENTRY
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Using the FMS Joystick to enter data:
1) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field.
3) Begin entering data.
a) To quickly enter a waypoint identifier, turn the FMS Joystick counterclockwise to display a list of recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest
airports (NRST APTS), or flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS).
b) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired waypoint from the list
and press the ENT Key.
Waypoint Entry (Waypoint Page)
Or:
Additional Features
a) Turn the FMS Joystick to select a character for the first placeholder.
Data Entry
Appendices
Turning the FMS Joystick clockwise scrolls through the alphabet (where
appropriate) toward the letter Z, starting in the middle at K (US only), and
the digits zero through nine. Turning the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise
scrolls in the opposite direction.
b) Use the FMS Joystick to move the cursor to the next placeholder in the
field.
Index
c) Repeat, turning the FMS Joystick to select a character and using the
FMS Joystick to move the cursor, until the fields are complete.
d) Press the ENT Key to confirm entry.
4) Press the FMS Joystick or the CLR Key to cancel data entry (the field reverts
back to its previous information).
12
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Overview
NOTE: The Weather (WX) Page and (XM) Audio Page are only available with
the GPSMAP 696.
Overview
PAGES
The pages are linked together in a series that you can cycle through using the
FMS Joystick. A page navigation bar is displayed in the lower portion of each page,
directly above the softkey bar. The right side of the page navigation bar shows a list
of abbreviated names for each of the main pages, and the left side shows the name
of the active page.
GPS Navigation
Press the FMS Joystick to toggle input focus between the page navigation bar and
interaction with the current page (i.e., turning the cursor on/off).
Flight Planning
Selected Page
Hazard Avoidance
Active Page Title
Input Focus on Navigation Bar
(Page Cursor Off)
There are up to six main pages that can be navigated using the FMS Joystick.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick until the desired page is selected (MAP, WPT, WX,
TER, XM, INFO).
Appendices
Selecting a Main Page using the FMS Joystick:
1) If necessary press the FMS Joystick to begin interaction with the Navigation
Bar.
Additional Features
Input Focus on Current Page
(Page Cursor On)
Index
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13
Overview
Overview
• Main Pages
Map Page (MAP)
Traffic Page (TRF)
Waypoint Page (WPT)
Weather Page (WX) (optional)
XM Audio Page (XM) (optional)
Info Page (INFO)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Terrain Page (TER)
14
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Overview
There are also several pages which are selected first by pressing the FPL Key or
NRST Key.
GPS Navigation
Selecting the FPL or NRST Pages:
1) Press the FPL or NRST Key.
Overview
FPL AND NRST PAGES
2) Turn the FMS Joystick until the desired page is selected.
3) Press the EXIT Softkey to return to the Main Pages.
The Nearest Pages contain the following information.
•VRP (Visual Reporting Point) (Atlantic Unit Only)—identifier, bearing, and
distance.
•VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Radio Beacon)—identifier, facility type (symbol),
bearing, distance, and frequency.
•INT (Intersection)—identifier, bearing, and distance.
•USR (User Waypoints)—name, bearing, and distance.
Additional Features
•NDB (Non Directional Beacons)—identifier, facility, type (symbol), bearing,
distance, and frequency.
Hazard Avoidance
•WX (Airport Weather)—identifier, bearing, distance, METAR text (GPSMAP 696
only), and ATIS, AWOS, or ASOS frequency.
Flight Planning
•APT (Airport)—identifier, bearing, distance, length of the longest runway, and
common traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower frequency.
•CTY (City)—name, bearing, and distance.
•FSS (Flight Service Station)—name, bearing, distance, frequency, and VOR (if
applicable).
Appendices
•ATC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)—bearing, distance, and frequency.
•ASPC (Airspace)—name, time to entry (when applicable), and status.
Index
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15
Overview
GPS Navigation
Overview
• Nearest Pages (NRST)
Nearest Airports (APT)
Nearest User Waypoints (USR)
Visual Reporting Point (VRP) (Atlantic Unit)
Nearest Cities (CTY)
Nearest Airport Weather (WX)
Nearest ARTCC (ATC)
Nearest VORs (VOR)
Nearest FSS (FSS)
Nearest NDBs (NDB)
Nearest Airspace (ASPC)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Nearest Intersections (INT)
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Overview
Active Flight Plan (ACTV)
Overview
•Flight Planning Pages (FPL)
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)
Flight Plan List (LIST)
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
MAIN MENU PAGES
Selecting the main menu pages:
1) Press the MENU Key twice. The Main Menu is displayed.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option and
press the ENT Key.
Appendices
The Main Menu pages are accessed by pressing the Menu Key twice and using the
FMS Joystick to navigate the menu.
Index
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17
Overview
Overview
SYSTEM SETUP PAGES
The System Setup pages are accessed from the Main Menu.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Selecting the system setup pages:
1) Press the MENU Key twice. The Main Menu is displayed.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key. The System Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option and
press the ENT Key.
MAIN PAGE SOFTKEYS
The softkeys are located along the bottom of the display. The softkeys shown depend
on the softkey level or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be
used to select the appropriate softkey. When a softkey is selected, its color undergoes
a momentary change to black text on blue background then automatically switches to
black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned off, at which time
it reverts to white text on black background. When a softkey function is disabled, the
softkey label is subdued (dimmed).
Softkey
On
Softkey Names
(Displayed)
Bezel Mounted
Softkeys (Press)
Index
Appendices
Softkeys (WPT Page)
18
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Overview
TERRAIN
MAP
WEATHER
TRAFFIC
Overview
MAP PAGE SOFTKEYS
PANEL
TERRAIN
Displays/removes terrain awareness information
WEATHER
Displays/removes weather information
TRAFFIC
Displays/removes traffic information
PANEL
Displays/removes the panel
Flight Planning
Enables second-level Map Page softkeys
GPS Navigation
MAP
MAP
IFR MAP
TOPO
SAT VIEW
BACK
VFR MAP
IFR MAP
LOW AWY
HIGH AWY
BACK
Additional Features
VFR MAP
Hazard Avoidance
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
VFR MAP Softkey selected
Displays IFR map information and softkeys
TOPO
SAT VIEW
Displays/removes topographical terrain shading
Displays/removes satellite imagery (above 20nm scale)
BACK
Returns to top-level softkeys
Appendices
IFR MAP
IFR MAP Softkey selected
Displays VFR map information and softkeys
LOW AWY
Low Altitude (Victor) Airways displayed
HIGH AWY
High Altitude Airways (Jet Routes) displayed
BACK
Returns to top-level softkeys
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Index
VFR MAP
19
Overview
Overview
WAYPOINT PAGE SOFTKEYS
(DIRECTORY)
INFO
CHART
AOPA
WEATHER
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Waypoint (WPT) Page Softkeys
INFO
Displays waypoint information
CHART
Displays chart data (i.e., FliteCharts® or ChartView)
AOPA or DIRECTORY
Displays airport directory information
WEATHER
Displays METAR and TAF text (optional)
Hazard Avoidance
WEATHER PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL)
Appendices
Additional Features
PAN MAP
SETUP
ANIMATE
INFO
LEGEND
PAN MAP
Activates the map pointer for panning the map
SETUP
Select the weather source (XM or FIS-B).
ANIMATE
Animates NEXRAD Radar and Satellite Mosaic weather
INFO
Displays XM Information
LEGEND
Displays weather legends
TERRAIN PAGE SOFTKEYS
SETTINGS
DISABLE
Index
Terrain (TER) Page Softkeys
20
SETTINGS
Displays the Terrain Setup Page
DISABLE
Toggles terrain alerts on/off.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
VOL -
VOL +
MUTE
BACK
Overview
TREND
FLT ID
ALT MODE
DISABLE
BELOW
NORMAL
ABOVE
UNREST
BACK
INFO
STATIONS
SETUP
EXIT
TREND
Displays TargetTrend™ traffic vectors.
FLT ID
ALT MODE
Displays FLT ID information.
Select to set altitude mode.
DISABLE
Temporally disables traffic alerts
Hazard Avoidance
Select to view Data Link and Weather info
Flight Planning
INFO
GPS Navigation
INFO
Overview
TRAFFIC PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL GDL 39)
ALT MODE Softkey selected
NORMAL
UNREST
Appendices
ABOVE
Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the aircraft.
Typically used during descent phase of flight.
Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft.
Typically used during enroute phase of flight.
Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet above the aircraft.
Typically used during enroute phase of flight.
(Unrestricted): All traffic is displayed.
Additional Features
BELOW
INFO Softkey selected
Displays ADS-B ground station(s) information.
SETUP
Select to set pressure altitude sensor on or off in the
GDL 39.
Returns to the Traffic Page.
EXIT
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21
Index
STATIONS
Overview
Overview
SIRIUSXM AUDIO PAGE SOFTKEYS (OPTIONAL)
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
INFO
CATEGORY CHANNEL
VOLUME
FAVORITE
INFO
Displays SiriusXM Information
CATEGORY
Highlights the Category field
CHANNEL
Highlights the Channels field
FAVORITE
Displays a list of favorite channels
VOLUME
Enables second-level VOLUME softkeys
Press and hold to toggle Mute on/off.
Hazard Avoidance
VOLUME
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
Appendices
Additional Features
VOL -
VOL +
BACK
MUTE
VOL -
Decreases SiriusXM audio volume
VOL +
Increases SiriusXM audio volume
MUTE
Toggles SiriusXM audio on/off
BACK
Returns to top-level softkeys
INFO PAGE SOFTKEY
Index
MESSAGES
MESSAGES
22
Displays system status messages
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Overview
Overview
FLIGHT PLANNING SOFTKEYS
ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN PAGE SOFTKEYS
USE MAP
SEL APPR
EXIT
Activates the Map Pointer
SEL APPR
Displays the Select Approach Window
EXIT
Exits the Flight Plan Pages
GPS Navigation
USE MAP
Flight Planning
FLIGHT PLAN LIST PAGE SOFTKEYS
ACTIVATE
NEW
IMPORT
EXPORT
EXIT
NEW
Displays the ‘New Flight Plan’ Window
IMPORT
EXPORT
Displays the available flight plans to import from the SD
Card
Exports the selected flight plan
EXIT
Exits the Flight Plan Pages
Additional Features
Displays the ‘Activate Flight Plan?’ Window
Hazard Avoidance
ACTIVATE
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) PAGE SOFTKEYS
CAPTURE
Captures/cancels VNAV profile
EXIT
Exits the Flight Plan Pages
Appendices
CAPTURE
EXIT
Index
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23
Overview
Overview
NEAREST PAGE SOFTKEYS
NEAREST AIRPORT PAGE SOFTKEYS
HELIPORT
EXIT
PRIVATE
Displays/removes the nearest private airports
HELIPORT
Displays/removes the nearest heliports
EXIT
Exits the Nearest Pages
Various softkeys revert to the previous level after 45 seconds of inactivity (e.g.,
PAN MAP, VOLUME, etc), other softkeys require manual de-selection (e.g., TERRAIN,
WEATHER, PANEL, etc.).
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
PRIVATE
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Overview
The System Setup Menu in the Main Menu allows management of the following
system parameters:
•Position
•Sound
•Interface
•Units
•Alarms
•Date & Time
•Power
GPS Navigation
•Display
Overview
1.4 SYSTEM SETTINGS
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
System Setup Menu
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25
Index
Restoring system setting defaults:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
Overview
Overview
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option
(Display, Sound, Units, Date & Time, Position, Interface, Alarms, or Power),
and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the MENU Key.
GPS Navigation
5) With the ‘Restore Default’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
DISPLAY
BACKLIGHTING
NOTE: The GPSMAP 695/696 retains the backlighting settings between
power cycles. Backlighting may have been set to a level not suitable for the
current ambient lighting.
The large color display can be set to various brightness levels to allow for easy
viewing in full sunlight or dimmed for night viewing. The power button can be used to
quickly set the backlight intensity. By momentarily pressing the power button (when
the unit is powered on) a window appears showing the current backlight setting. From
this window the backlight setting can be adjusted with the joystick knob, or a second
momentary press of the power button changes the backlight level to full bright (10).
This provides a display which can be read under most lighting conditions. Once this
method of changing the backlight to full bright has been used, the previously selected
value is lost and the new backlight level is (10) and will remain at (10) until it is
manually adjusted.
Adjusting display backlighting:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) With ‘Display’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Restore Default Window
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Overview
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Overview
4) With the ‘Backlight Intensity’ field highlighted adjust the intensity by
turning the FMS Joystick.
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Display Setup Page
Hazard Avoidance
Or:
1) Momentarily Press the POWER Button.
2) With the ‘Backlight’ field highlighted adjust the intensity by turning the
FMS Joystick.
Additional Features
Or: Momentarily Press the POWER Button again to automatically set the
backlight intensity to full bright (10). The display will remain at full bright
until manually adjusted.
3) With ‘Done’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Joystick, or the CLR Key to remove the menu.
After a specified period of inactivity the backlight will turn off to save battery power.
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27
Index
Adjusting backlight timeout:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) With ‘Display’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
Appendices
BACKLIGHT TIMEOUT
Overview
Overview
4) With the ‘Backlight Timeout’ field highlighted adjust the time by turning the
FMS Joystick.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
GPS Navigation
SCREENSHOTS
Enabling/disabling Screenshots:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
Flight Planning
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT
Key.
Hazard Avoidance
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
Saving a Screenshot:
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Screenshot field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enabled’ or ‘Disabled’.
1) With screenshots enabled (see above), navigate to the desired screen.
2) Press and hold the MENU Key until the screen flashes indicating the
screenshot was saved to the SD Card.
Additional Features
AIRCRAFT POSITION ON MAP/CHARTS
Appendices
Displaying/removing the aircraft position on maps/charts:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) With ‘Display’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
4) With the ‘Aircraft Position’ field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to select
‘Hide’ or ‘Show’ and press the ENT Key.
SOUND
Index
Adjusting sound:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’ and press the ENT Key.
28
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Overview
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Overview
4) With the desired option highlighted, adjust the sound by turning the FMS
Joystick.
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Sound Setup Page
UNITS
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Changing display unit settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Units’ and press the ENT Key.
4) With the desired unit highlighted adjust the unit measurement by turning
the FMS Joystick.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Appendices
Index
Units Setup Page
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29
Overview
Overview
DATE & TIME
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Changing date & time settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Date & Time’ and press the
ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired
option by turning the FMS Joystick.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Date & Time Setup Page
Additional Features
POSITION
NOTE: Refer to Appendix H for more information on Map Datums and Location
Formats.
Index
Appendices
Changing position settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Position’ and press the ENT
Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired
option by turning the FMS Joystick.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
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Overview
Overview
GPS Navigation
Position Setup Page
INTERFACE
NOTE: Refer to Appendix D for more information on Interfacing.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
31
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Changing alarm settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Alarms’ and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field, and select the desired
option by turning the FMS Joystick.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Additional Features
The Alarms Page allows the pilot to turn airspace alarms On/Off, set an Altitude
Buffer, Arrival Alarm, Next Waypoint Alarm, Proximity Alarm, and Fuel Tank Reminder
Alarm.
Hazard Avoidance
ALARMS
Flight Planning
Changing interface settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Interface’ and press the ENT
Key.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired ‘Serial Data Format’.
5) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
remove the menu.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Overview
Alarms Page
Additional Features
POWER
Index
Appendices
Turning the power loss warning on/off:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Power’ and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
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Overview
The Page Menu on the Nearest Airports Page allows the pilot to filter out airports
that do not meet a defined criteria. Specific surface types and runway lengths can be
defined, as well as the option to include private airports and/or heliports.
• Any—shows any runway, regardless of surface type, including water landing
facilities.
• Hard Only—shows only runways with a concrete, asphalt, or similar sealed
• Hard or Soft—shows all runways except water landing facilities.
• Water Only—shows only water landing facilities.
Additional Features
Entering airport criteria:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airports Page.
3) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Airport Criteria’, and then
press the ENT Key. The Airport Criteria Window appears with the current
settings.
Hazard Avoidance
Minimum Runway Length—allows the pilot to enter a specific length for the shortest
runway allowed.
Flight Planning
surface.
GPS Navigation
Runway Surface—allows you to set criteria for the type of surface on the runway:
Overview
SETTING AIRPORT CRITERIA
Appendices
Nearest Airports Page Menu
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
5) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field and turn the FMS
Joystick to select the desired option from the menu. Press the ENT Key if
necessary to highlight the next field.
33
GPS Navigation
Overview
Overview
Airport Criteria Window
6) With ‘Done’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
UTILITIES
Refer to Appendix F for information on Flight Log, Track Log, E6B, Aircraft Profile,
and Weight & Balance.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
To restore airport criteria defaults:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airports Page.
3) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Airport Criteria’, and then
press the ENT Key. A window appears with the current settings.
5) Press the MENU Key.
6) With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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GPS Navigation
SECTION 2 GPS NAVIGATION
Overview
2.1 INTRODUCTION
+
+
Map with Panel
+
4 Data Bar Fields
+
+
+
8 Data Bar Fields
+
+
+
12 Data Bar Fields
+
+
+
6 Data Bar Fields and HSI
+
+
Info
Page
Terrain
Page
Map Only
Page Layout
Additional Features
Map
Page
The page layout of the Map, Terrain, and Info Pages can be independently configured
by the user.
Appendices
Index
Page Layout
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Hazard Avoidance
The Direct-to Window, the Flight Plan Pages, and the Nearest Airports Pages can be
displayed by pressing the corresponding key.
Flight Planning
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding
to the calculated present position. The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are
accurately based on GPS calculations. The basemap upon which these are placed are
from a source with less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map
features is not exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as
a magenta line on the navigation map. The other legs are shown in white.
GPS Navigation
The Navigation Map displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces),
geographic data (e.g., cities, lakes, highways, borders), and topographic data (map
shading indicating elevation). The Navigation Map can be oriented three different
ways: North Up (NORTH UP), Track Up (TRK UP), or Desired Track Up (DTK UP).
35
GPS Navigation
The number and content of the data bar fields on the Map, Terrain, and Info Pages
are independently configured by the user. For each page that supports data bar fields
the user may choose 0, 4, 8, 12, or 6 and the HSI (if available).
Data Bar Fields
By default, the Navigation Map Data Bar Fields are set to display ground speed (GS),
distance (NEXT), estimated time enroute (ETE NEXT), and vertical speed required (VSR).
These four data fields can be changed to display any of the Data Bar Field Options.
Changing the information shown in the data bar fields:
1) From the Map Page, Terrain Page, or the Info Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press
the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired data field.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the list of options, then turn or move the
FMS Joystick to highlight the desired option and press the ENT Key.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
DATA BAR FIELDS
Index
Data Bar Field Selection
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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GPS Navigation
DATA BAR FIELD OPTIONS
•External Voltage (EXT VOLTS)
•Altitude
•Flight Timer (FLT TIMER)
•Battery
•Fuel Tank Timer (FUEL TIMER)
•Bearing (BRG)
•Glide Ratio (GLIDE RATIO)
•Climb Gradient (Alt Per NM)
(CLIMB/NM)
•Ground Speed (GS)
•Climb Gradient (PERCENT)
•Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
•Course to Steer (CTS)
•Next Waypoint (NEXT WPT)
•Crosstrack Error (XTK)
•Sunrise
•Desired Track (DTK)
•Sunset
•Distance (DESTINATION)
•Time (UTC)
•Distance (NEXT)
•Time of Day (Local) (TIME)
•En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
•Vertical Speed (VS)
•Estimated Time En route
(DESTINATION) (ETE DEST)
•Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
•Estimated Time Enroute (NEXT)
(ETE NEXT)
•Weather (Dew Point) (WX DEW PT)
Overview
•Accuracy
GPS Navigation
•Ground Track (TRK)
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
•Weather (Relative Humidity) (WX
HUMIDITY)
•Estimated Time of Arrival (NEXT)
(ETA NEXT)
•Weather (Temperature) (WX TEMP)
•Weather (Wind) (WX WIND)
•Estimated Time to VNAV (VNAV
Time)
Appendices
•Estimated Time of Arrival
(DESTINATION) (ETA DEST)
Additional Features
•Weather (Altimeter) (WX ALTIM)
Index
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37
GPS Navigation
Page Layout Window (Map Page)
COMPASS ARC
NOTE: The compass arc is not available in ‘North Up’ map orientation.
A compass arc appears by default on the Map Page. The route line represents
the course and the magenta bug indicator (similar to the bug indicator on the HSI)
can be set to ‘Bearing’ (default), ‘Course to Steer’, a specific heading reference (‘User
Selected’), or ‘Off’.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Changing page layout:
1) From the Map Page, Terrain Page, or the Info Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Select Page Layout’ and press
the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired page layout option, and
press the ENT Key.
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GPS Navigation
Magenta Bug Indicator
Overview
Compass Arc
GPS Navigation
Route Line
Flight Planning
Compass Arc (Map Page)
Hazard Avoidance
Removing the Compass Arc from the Map Page:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘General’ Menu.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Compass Arc’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the ‘On/Off’ drop down list.
6) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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39
GPS Navigation
The panel shows GPS-derived data in a graphical format. Keep in mind the differences
between the GPS-derived panel and mechanical instruments, as mechanical panel
instruments use sensors that provide information different from that derived using
GPS.
HSI
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
2.2 PANEL
- Next Waypoint
-Distance
Ground Speed
Altitude
Turn Rate Indicator
Vertical Speed
Estimated Time Enroute
Panel (Map Page)
CDI Scale
The Panel shows a graphic Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) surrounded by
additional indicators.
The graphic HSI depicts the course to the destination or the next waypoint in a flight
plan, current ground track, off course error, and a To/From indication. The rotating
compass indicates your current ground track at the top of the page.
The course pointer and course deviation needle indicate the course and whether you
are on the course. The Bug Indicator can be set to ‘Bearing’ (default), ‘Course to Steer’,
a specific heading reference (‘User Selected’), or ‘Off’.
Bearing is the compass direction from the present position to a destination waypoint.
Course to Steer is the recommended direction to steer in order to reduce cross-track
error and return to the course line.
The Course Deviation Indicator, or needle, indicates how far off course, left or right,
based on its placement along the course deviation scale.
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GPS Navigation
Overview
The course deviation scale setting is adjustable for Auto, ±0.25, 1.25 or 5.0 (nautical
mile, statute mile, or kilometer) full-scale deflection. The course deviation scale appears
on the lower right corner of the HSI. The default setting is Auto, which uses three
factors to determine the distance from the center of the CDI to full left or right limits:
•CDI scale = 1.25 - within 30 nm of any airport in the active route.
GPS Navigation
•CDI scale = 0.25 - on an approach leg or within 2 nm of the FAF or MAP.
•CDI scale = 5.0 - if the previous two conditions do not exist.
Displaying the panel on the map page:
From the Map Page press the PANEL Softkey.
Flight Planning
Or:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Select Page Layout’ and press
the ENT Key.
CHANGING THE CDI SCALE
The CDI scale can be set from the Map Page Menu.
Additional Features
Changing the CDI scale:
1) From the Map Page with the Panel, HSI, or Compass Arc displayed, press
the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set CDI Scale’, and press the
ENT Key. The ‘Set CDI Scale’ Menu appears.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option, and
press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Map with Panel’ and press the
ENT Key.
Appendices
Index
Map Page Menu
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Set CDI Scale Menu
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
41
GPS Navigation
Overview
SETTING THE BUG INDICATOR
The Bug Indicator can be set from the Map Page Menu.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Setting the Bug Indicator:
1) From the Map Page with the Panel, HSI, or Compass Arc displayed, press
the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Bug Indicator’, and press
the ENT Key. The ‘Set Bug Indicator’ Menu appears.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired menu option, and
press the ENT Key. For the ‘User Selected’ option, turn the FMS Joystick to
select the desired heading reference, and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Map Page Menu
Set Bug Indicator Menu
MANUALLY SETTING A COURSE
Use the ‘Set OBS and Hold’ option to manually set your course to the destination.
Index
Appendices
Manually setting a course to the destination waypoint:
1) From the Map Page with the Panel, HSI, or Compass Arc displayed, press
the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set OBS and Hold’, and press
the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired course to the destination, and
press the ENT Key.
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GPS Navigation
Overview
Set OBS Window
The Vertical Navigation Page provides settings for the vertical navigation feature.
These settings create a three-dimensional profile from the present location and altitude
to a final (target) altitude at a specified location.
The Vertical Navigation feature is only available when navigating a Direct To or flight
plan, and the ground speed is greater than 35 knots.
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43
Index
At 500 ft above the target altitude, the “Approaching Target Altitude” message
appears, the ‘Estimated Time To VNAV’ goes blank, and the VNAV indicator disappears
from the HSI.
Appendices
The “Approaching VNAV Profile” message appears one minute prior to the initial
descent point. The descent angle locks to prevent changes in speed from altering the
profile. The VNAV feature does not take into account any changes in groundspeed that
occur during the transition from level flight to descent or climb.
Additional Features
When the VNAV profile is defined, the pilot is informed of the progress by message
alerts. The teal bar on the HSI (when displayed) shows the VNAV profile.
Hazard Avoidance
2.3 VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
Flight Planning
Returning to automatic sequencing of route waypoints:
1) From the Map Page after manually setting a course, press the MENU Key to
display the Map Page Menu
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Release Hold’, and press the
ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
Map Page Menu
Overview
GPS Navigation
GPS Navigation
CAUTION: The GPSMAP 695/696 is a VFR navigation tool and should not
be used to perform instrument approaches.
CAUTION: VNAV is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended for
instrument approaches.
AV
VN
Pr
Flight Planning
ile
of
Distance to Profile
Glid
atio
to T
arg
et
Target Altitude
Distance to Target
Airport
Visual Representation of VNAV
USING THE VNAV FEATURE
Use the VNAV (Vertical Navigation) feature to ensure the aircraft is at the proper
altitude. The VNAV Indicator appears on the HSI (when displayed) as a horizontal teal
bar. A message appears when approaching the VNAV Profile. When the bar is in the
vertical center of the HSI, the aircraft is at the proper altitude for the VNAV Profile.
Configuring a VNAV profile:
1) While navigating a flight plan or direct-to, press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Vertical Navigation Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Enter the desired profile into the fields, and press the EXIT Softkey.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
eR
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GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
Vertical Navigation Page
Flight Planning
• Waypoint—Enter any waypoint along the currently active route as the
reference waypoint. The reference waypoint defines the target location.
• Profile—Enter the descent rate.
• Altitude—Enter the desired reference waypoint altitude. Select ‘Above
• By—Enter the target location with settings of distance ‘Before’ or ‘After’ a
reference waypoint. To set a target location at a reference waypoint, enter a
distance of zero.
Enabling/disabling the VNAV indicator:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enable VNAV Indicator’ or
‘Disable VNAV Indicator’, and press the ENT Key.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
45
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Capturing/cancelling VNAV profile:
1) Enter a valid VNAV profile and begin navigation.
2) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the Map Page Menu
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Capture VNAV Profile’ or
‘Cancel Capture’, and press the ENT Key. Selecting ‘Capture VNAV Profile’
centers the VNAV indicator on the HSI (when displayed).
Additional Features
• VNAV Messages—Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ to enable/disable VNAV alert messages.
Hazard Avoidance
Waypoint’ to use field elevation for airports in the Jeppesen database or ‘MSL’
to specify an exact MSL altitude target.
GPS Navigation
GPS Navigation
Overview
VNAV Indicator
Configuring a VNAV profile:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Vertical Navigation Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Enter the desired profile into the fields, and press the EXIT Softkey.
2.4 USING MAP DISPLAYS
Map displays are used extensively in the GPSMAP 695/696 to provide situational
awareness in flight. Most GPSMAP 695/696 maps can display the following
information:
•Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data (highways, cities, lakes, rivers,
borders, etc.) with names
•Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to pointer, location of pointer,
name, and other pertinent information)
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
VNAV Indicator (Panel)
•Map range
•Aircraft icon (representing present position)
Index
•Flight plan legs
•User waypoints
•Track vector
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GPS Navigation
•Topography data
•Map Page (MAP)
GPS Navigation
•Waypoint Page (WPT) (INFO Softkey selected)
•Weather Page (WX)
•Terrain (TER)
•Nearest Pages (NRST)
Flight Planning
•Active Flight Plan Page (FPL)
•Direct-to Window (map range only)
MAP ORIENTATION
•North Up aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
•Desired Track (DTK) Up aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
Changing the Navigation Map orientation:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘General’ Menu.
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Orientation’ field.
Appendices
NOTE: Map orientation can only be changed on the Map Page. Any other
pages that show navigation data reflect the orientation selected for the Map
Page.
Additional Features
•Track Up aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
Hazard Avoidance
Maps are shown in one of three different orientation options, allowing flexibility
in determining aircraft position relative to other items on the map (North Up) or for
determining where map items are relative to where the aircraft is going (Track Up), or
desired track up (DTK UP)).
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Overview
The information in this section applies to the following maps unless otherwise
noted:
47
GPS Navigation
b) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of available options.
Overview
c) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘North Up’, ‘Track Up’, or
‘DTK Up’, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘North Up Above’ field.
GPS Navigation
b) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of available range options.
c) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired range above
which to display North Up orientation.
Or:
Flight Planning
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘North Up On GRND’ field.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
b) Using the FMS Joystick highlight ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
When ‘North Up On GRND’ is ‘ON’ (default), the map orientation will
change to North Up when the aircraft is on the ground.
Map Page Menu
General Menu (Map Setup Page)
MAP RANGE
NOTE: Refer to the Additional Features section for information on changing the
FliteCharts®, or ChartView range.
There are 23 different map ranges available, from 200 feet to 800 nm. The current
range is indicated in the lower right corner of the map. The scale bar represents the
map scale. To change the map range on any map, use the down arrow on the RNG
Key to zoom in (decreasing), or the up arrow to zoom out (increasing).
When the selected range exceeds the resolution of the map data, ‘overzoom’
appears below the map range scale.
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GPS Navigation
Overview
Scale Bar Representing a Map
Scale of 1.2
nm Per Scale
Width.
Map Range/Overzoom
Hazard Avoidance
Enabling/disabling autozoom:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘General’ Menu.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Autozoom’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the ‘On/Off’ drop down list.
6) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired option, and press
the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Auto Zoom allows the GPSMAP 695/696 to change the map display range to the
smallest range clearly showing the active waypoint. Auto Zoom can be overridden by
adjusting the range and remains that way until the active waypoint changes, a terrain
or traffic alert occurs, or the aircraft takes off.
GPS Navigation
AUTO ZOOM
Additional Features
MAP PANNING
Map panning allows the pilot to:
•Highlight and select locations on the map
Appendices
•View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map
range
•Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint
•Designate locations for use in flight planning
Index
•View airspace and airway information
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49
When the panning function is selected by pressing the FMS Joystick (PAN MAP
Softkey on the Weather Page) the Map Pointer flashes on the map display. A window
also appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of
the pointer, the bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s present position,
the elevation of the land at the position of the pointer, or the object’s (airports,
obstacles, etc) elevation, if known.
When the Map Pointer is placed on a map feature, the map feature is highlighted
and an information box appears (even if the name was not originally displayed on the
map).
Pressing the ENT Key displays a review page for the highlighted map feature. If
multiple features are present at the Map Pointer position, a green arrow will appear
in the information box. Turning the FMS Joystick will cycle through the list of map
features present at that position.
Bearing and Distance to the Pointer
from the Aircraft’s
Present Position
Elevation and ETE
to the Pointer
Latitude/
Longitude
Position of
the Pointer
Pointer Location
(Name)
Green Arrow
Indicating
Multiple
Features are
Present at the
Map Pointer
Location.
Information Box
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
Map Panning (Map Page)
Map Pointer
Index
Panning the map:
1) Press the FMS Joystick (or PAN MAP Softkey on the Weather (WX) Page)
to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to move the Map Pointer around the map.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to remove the Map Pointer and re-center the map
on the aircraft’s current position.
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GPS Navigation
Overview
Reviewing information for a map or weather feature:
1) Place the Map Pointer on a map feature. If multiple map features are
present at the Map Pointer position (green arrow in the information box),
turn the FMS Joystick to cycle through the list.
2) Press the ENT Key to display the review page for the highlighted feature.
3) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the ENT Key to exit the review
page and return to the Map Page showing the selected waypoint.
Appendices
Measurement Line
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Index
Map
Pointer
Map Page Menu
Map Page (Measure Distance)
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Additional Features
Reference Point
Hazard Avoidance
Measuring bearing and distance between any two points:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Measure Distance’ field
and press the ENT Key. A Measure Pointer is displayed on the map at the
aircraft’s present position.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to place the reference pointer at the desired
location. The bearing and distance are displayed at the top of the map.
Elevation at the current pointer position is also displayed. Pressing the ENT
Key changes the starting point for measuring.
4) To exit the Measure Bearing/Distance option, press the FMS Joystick; or
select ‘Stop Measuring’ from the Page Menu and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Distance and bearing from the aircraft’s present position to any point on the viewable
navigation map may be calculated using the ‘Measure Distance’ selection from Map
Page menu. The distance tool displays a dashed Measurement Line and a Map Pointer
to aid in graphically identifying points to measure. Lat/Long, bearing, distance and
elevation data for the Map Pointer is provided in a window at the top of the Map Page.
GPS Navigation
MEASURING BEARING AND DISTANCE
51
GPS Navigation
Topographic data can be displayed or removed as described in the following
procedures.
Displaying/removing topographic data:
1) Press the MAP Softkey on the Map Page. Press the VFR MAP Softkey if
necessary.
2) Press the TOPO Softkey. Topographic data is displayed.
3) Press the TOPO Softkey again to remove topographic data from the
Navigation Map.
Or:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Map’ Category from the horizontal
list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Topo Shading’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
TOPO Softkey
VFR MAP Softkey
Topographic Data (Map Page)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
TOPOGRAPHY
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GPS Navigation
SATELLITE VIEW
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying/removing satellite imagery on the map page:
1) Press the MAP Softkey on the Map Page. Press the VFR MAP Softkey (if
necessary).
2) Press the SAT VIEW Softkey. Satellite imagery is displayed on the map.
3) Press the SAT VIEW Softkey again to remove satellite imagery from the
Navigation Map.
Or:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Map’ Category from the horizontal
list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Satellite View’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
Overview
The Satellite View displays satellite imagery above 20nm.
Additional Features
Satellite View (Map Page)
Appendices
SAT VIEW Softkey
VFR MAP Softkey
Index
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GPS Navigation
Overview
MAP SYMBOLS
Refer to Appendix G for a list of map symbols.
MAP DECLUTTER
GPS Navigation
The pilot can remove (declutter) unwanted items, such as highways from the map.
Map Declutter
MAP DETAIL
The map detail can also be adjusted. Map detail changes the amount of detail with
respect to the zoom scale.
Adjusting the map detail:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘General’ Category from the
horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Detail Level’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired detail level (‘Most’, ‘More’,
‘Normal’, ‘Less’, or ‘Least’), and press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Decluttering the Map Page:
1) From any Map Page, press the CLR Key. ‘CLEAR-1’ appears below the
map range. The background symbols (such as highways, cities, rivers, and
smaller lakes) are removed from the map.
2) Press the CLR Key again. ‘CLEAR-2’ appears below the map range and
airspace boundary detail is removed from the map.
3) Press the CLR Key again. ‘CLEAR-3’ appears below the map range. Only
the waypoints and navaids that are part of the current flight plan appear on
the map.
4) Press the CLR Key again to return ‘ALL’ detail to the map.
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AIRPORTS & NAVAIDS
Overview
Airport and NAVAID information can be customized to display a variety of information
including: runway extension lines, runway numbers and visual reporting points (VRP).
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Runway
Number
Hazard Avoidance
Runway
Extension
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Index
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Appendices
Setting up and customizing airports and NAVAIDs for the map
page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘Airport’ or ‘NAVAID’ Category from the
horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired feature.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each feature (On/Off,
Auto, range settings, or text size).
6) Using the FMS Joystick select the desired option and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
Additional Features
Runway Extensions and Numbers (Map Page)
GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
Map Setup Page (Airport Category)
Map Setup Page (NAVAID Category)
Flight Planning
CITIES & ROADS
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Setting up and customizing cities and roads for the map page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘City’ or ‘Road’ Category from the
horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired feature.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each feature (On/Off,
Auto, range settings, or text size).
6) Using the FMS Joystick select the desired option and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
Index
Map Setup Page (City Category)
56
Map Setup Page (Road Category)
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GPS Navigation
AIRSPACE
Overview
Setting up and customizing airspace for the map page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘Airspace’ or ‘SUA’ (Special Use
Airspace) Category from the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired feature.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each feature (On/Off,
Auto, or range settings).
6) Using the FMS Joystick select the desired option and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Map Setup Page (Airspace Category)
Map Setup Page (SUA Category)
AIRWAYS
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Index
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and
turbocharged piston aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at
18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet
Appendices
Low Altitude Airways (or Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine,
propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower altitudes. Airways are eight
nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to but not including 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are
designated with a “V” before the airway number (hence the name “Victor Airways”)
since they run primarily between VORs.
are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet Routes
are designated with a “J” before the route number.
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray. High Altitude Airways are drawn in green.
When both types of airways are displayed, high altitude airways are drawn on top of
Low Altitude Airways.
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs,
NDBs, and Intersections) are also displayed.
IFR Map - Low Airways
(Victor Airways)
IFR Map - High Airways
(Jet Routes)
Airways may be displayed on the map at the pilot’s discretion using the MAP Softkey
on the Map Page.
Displaying/removing airways:
1) Select the MAP Softkey on the Map Page.
2) Select the IFR MAP Softkey to display the IFR Map and related softkeys.
3) Select/deselect the LOW AWY Softkey to display/remove the Low Altitude
Airways.
4) Select/deselect the HIGH AWY Softkey to display/remove the High Altitude
Airways.
5) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
Index
Reviewing information for an airway:
1) From the Map Page, press the MAP Softkey.
2) Press the IFR MAP Softkey (if necessary).
3) With the LOW AWY and/or HIGH AWY Softkeys selected, press the FMS
Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
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Calculated
Radial
Calculated Radial
GPS Navigation
-MEA
-Airway Name
-Endpoints
-Distance
Overview
4) Place the Map Pointer on an airway. The MEA, name of airway, endpoints,
distance, and calculated radials are displayed.
Flight Planning
Reviewing Airway Information (Map Page)
5) Press the ENT Key to display the review page for the airway.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Low Altitude Airway Review Page
Appendices
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the ENT Key to exit the review
page and return to the Map Page.
Index
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GPS Navigation
The Waypoint (WPT) Page provides airport and waypoint information.
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilotentered positions, and are used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name
of the facility, or by entering the city name. As a waypoint identifier, facility name,
or location is entered, the GPSMAP 695/696’s Spell’N’Find feature scrolls through
the database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been
entered up to that point. A direct-to navigation leg to the selected waypoint can be
initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key from the Waypoint Page.
The Waypoint Page allows the pilot to review airport information, runway
information, frequencies, instrument procedures, Airport Directory information, and
weather information. The pilot can manually enter the identifier or the GPSMAP
695/696 will choose the most appropriate identifier based on the current position
and phase of flight.
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used:
•Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
•Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
2.5 WAYPOINTS
•Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for
pilot-controlled lighting)
Index
Appendices
•COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), * (additional
information available)
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Overview
-Waypoint Identifier/Symbol/Type
-Facility Name
-City/Region
Runway Information
GPS Navigation
-Region
-Country
Map
Showing
Selected
Waypoint
Flight Planning
-Designation
-Length/Width
-Surface
-Lighting
-Displaced Threshold
Distance
-Traffic Pattern
-Wind Speed/Direction
INFO Softkey
Selected
Waypoint Page (INFO Softkey Selected)
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Index
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Appendices
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or location:
1) From the Waypoint (WPT) Page, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier
(turning it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu press the CLR Key to remove it), or move the FMS Joystick to select the
facility name, or city field.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
-Elevation
-Fuel Available
-Time Zone
-UTC Offset
-Daylight Savings
Time
-Lat/Long
-Bearing/Distance
-Identification
-Frequency
-Availability
-Additional
Information
Hazard Avoidance
Airport
Information
COM/NAV
Freq. Info.
GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, additional entries may be
viewed by continuing to turn the FMS Joystick during the selection process. If duplicate entries
exist for an identifier, a Duplicate Waypoints Window is displayed. Press the ENT Key to move
the cursor to the Duplicate Waypoints Window.
Duplicate
Waypoints
Window
Flight Planning
Waypoint Information Window-Duplicate Identifier
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Selecting a runway:
1) With the Waypoint (WPT) Page displayed, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier for the
desired runway (turning it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection
submenu - press the CLR Key to remove it), or move the FMS Joystick to select the
facility name, or city field.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Move the FMS Joystick to place the cursor in the ‘Runways’ Box, on the runway
designator.
Runways Box (Waypoint Page)
6) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the desired runway (if more than one) for
the selected airport.
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GPS Navigation
FREQUENCIES
Communication Frequencies
Pre-Taxi ILS
Radar
LOC
Ramp
Terminal*
TMA *
Tower
TRSA *
Unicom
Flight Planning
Control
CTA *
Departure *
Gate
Ground
Helicopter
Multicom
Other
GPS Navigation
Hazard Avoidance
Approach *
Arrival *
ASOS
ATIS
AWOS
Center
Class B *
Class C *
Clearance
Navigation
Frequencies
Overview
The Frequencies Box uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the following table:
* May include Additional Information
Frequency Abbreviations
The frequencies may be denoted by ‘RX’, ‘TX’, or ‘CTAF’ if applicable.
Additional Features
Viewing additional information for a frequency:
1) With the Waypoint (WPT) Page displayed, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to place the cursor in the ‘Frequencies’ Box, on the
frequency denoted with an *.
Appendices
Index
Additional Frequency Information
(Waypoint Page)
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GPS Navigation
4) Press the ENT Key to view the Additional Information Window.
Overview
5) To remove the window, press the FMS Joystick, ENT Key, or CLR Key.
NEAREST INFORMATION
The GPSMAP 695/696 provides a NRST Key which gives the pilot quick access to
nearest airport, weather, VOR, NDB, intersection, user waypoint, city, ARTCC, FSS, and
airspace information. If there are none available, “None Within 200 NM” is displayed.
Pressing the ENT Key displays the associated ‘Information Page’ for the highlighted
selection, similar to the Waypoint Page. Pressing the ENT Key again returns to the
Nearest Page.
Viewing nearest information:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired Nearest Page (APT, WX, VOR,
NDB, INT, USR, CTY, ATC, FSS, or ASPC). If none are available, “None Within
200 NM” is displayed.
Or: Press the NRST Key again to quickly select the nearest airport.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to highlight the first selection in the list. Turn or
move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired nearest option.
4) Press the ENT Key to display the associated ‘Information Page’. From the
Airport Information Page and Weather Information Page, press the INFO,
CHART, AOPA / DIRECTORY, or WEATHER Softkeys for additional
information. From the User Waypoint Information Page, press the DELETE
or EDIT softkeys to make changes to the selected user waypoint.
5) To return to the Nearest Page, press the FMS Joystick, the ENT Key, or the
CLR Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
To quickly view the departure or destination airport information:
1) From the Waypoint (WPT) Page, press the INFO, CHART, AOPA, or
WEATHER Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘View Destination Airport’ or
‘View Departure Airport’, and press the ENT Key.
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Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Airport Information Page
NEAREST AIRPORT CRITERIA
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Index
Setting nearest airport criteria:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select 'Set Airport Criteria' from the Page
Menu.
Appendices
To quickly show/hide private airport and heliports from the Nearest Airports Page,
press the PRIVATE or HELIPORT Softkeys.
Additional Features
From the Menu on the Nearest Airports Page the pilot can define the minimum
runway length and surface type used when determining the 15 nearest airports to
display on the Nearest Airports Page. A minimum runway length and/or surface
type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are not
appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters)
for runway length and “Any” for runway surface type. Private airports and Heliports
can also be included.
The Page Menu also allows the pilot to choose between displaying the facility names,
city names, bearing, or direction arrows.
Hazard Avoidance
Nearest Airports Page
GPS Navigation
3) Press the ENT Key. The Airport Criteria Window is displayed.
Overview
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired criteria to be defined.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired option.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
6) Press the ENT Key.
Nearest Airports Page Menu
Hazard Avoidance
Restoring nearest airport criteria defaults:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Airport Criteria’ from the Page
Menu.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Airport Criteria Window is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
WEATHER INFORMATION
Textual weather information can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest
WX Page. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance section for information on SiriusXM Weather
and FIS-B.
Selecting airport weather information:
1) From the Waypoint Page, press the WEATHER Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering an airport identifier
(turning it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu press the CLR Key to remove it).
4) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Airport Criteria Window
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1) Press the NRST Key.
Overview
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airport WX Page. If Nearest
Airport Weather is not available, “None Within 200 NM” is displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key to display the Weather Information Page.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to scroll up or down on the page.
6) To return to the Nearest Airport Weather Page, press the FMS Joystick, the
ENT Key, or the CLR Key.
GPS Navigation
3) Press the NRST Key again or press the FMS Joystick to highlight the first
airport in the nearest airport weather list. Turn or move the FMS Joystick
to highlight the desired airport weather.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Nearest Airport Weather Page
Weather Information Page
Index
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GPS Navigation
Intersections can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest Intersections
Page. In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected intersection and
surrounding area, the Intersection Information Page displays the region, bearing,
distance, latitude, and longitude.
GPS Navigation
Overview
INTERSECTIONS
NDBS
NDBs can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest NDBs Page. In addition
to displaying a map of the currently selected NDB and surrounding area, the page
displays the region, bearing, distance, latitude, longitude and frequency.
The Nearest NDB Page can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path.
The list only includes NDBs that are within 200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed. If there are no nearest NDBs in
the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
Select an NDB:
1) From the Waypoint Page, press the INFO Softkey if necessary.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Select an intersection:
1) From the Waypoint Page, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering an intersection identifier
(turning it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu press the CLR Key to remove it), or move the FMS Joystick to select the
facility name, or city field.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Intersections Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired intersection.
5) Press the ENT Key to display the Intersection Information Page.
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Overview
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering the identifier (turning
it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu - press the
CLR Key to remove it), or move the FMS Joystick to select the facility name,
or city field.
4) Press the ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
Or:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest NDBs Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired NDB.
VORS
Localizer information cannot be viewed on the VOR Information Page. If a VOR station
is combined with a TACAN station it is listed as a VORTAC on the VOR Information
Page and if it includes only DME, it’s displayed as VOR-DME.
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Index
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Appendices
Select an VOR:
1) From the Waypoint Page, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering identifier (turning it
counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu - press the
CLR Key to remove it), or move the FMS Joystick to select the facility name,
or city field.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
The Nearest VOR Page can be used to quickly find a VOR close to the flight path.
The list only includes VORs that are within 200nm. If there are no VORs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest VORs is displayed. If there are no nearest VORs in
the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
Hazard Avoidance
VORs can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest NDBs Page. In addition
to displaying a map of the currently selected VOR and surrounding area, the page
displays the region, city, state, bearing, distance, latitude, longitude, frequency and
class (High, Low, or Terminal VOR).
Flight Planning
5) Press the ENT Key to display the NDB Information Page.
GPS Navigation
Or:
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest VOR Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired VOR.
5) Press the ENT Key to display the VOR Information Page.
USER WAYPOINTS
The GPSMAP 695/696 can create and store up to 3,000 user-defined waypoints.
Once a waypoint has been created, it can be renamed, deleted, or moved.
Creating user waypoints:
1) To create a user waypoint at the current location, using the Map Pointer, or
from the Main Menu:
a) To create a user waypoint at the current location, press and hold the
ENT Key from any page.
b) The ‘Mark a New User Waypoint? window appears.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
b) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’ and press the ENT
Key.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
1) Press the NRST Key.
Main Menu (User Waypoints Selected)
Index
c) Press the NEW Softkey. The message “Create a New User Waypoint?”
message is displayed. The current aircraft position is the default location of
the new waypoint.
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GPS Navigation
Or:
GPS Navigation
b) Find an empty area without any map features and press the ENT Key.
The message “Create a New User Waypoint?” message is displayed.
Or:
a) From a map page, press the FMS Joystick to activate the Map Pointer
(on the WX Page, press the PAN MAP Softkey) (‘Create User Waypoint’ is
not available in the WX Page Menu).
Flight Planning
b) Select a map feature using the Map Pointer and press the MENU Key.
c) With ‘Create User Waypoint’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The
message “Create a New User Waypoint?” message is displayed.
2) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The New Waypoint Window is
displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
3) Move the FMS Joystick to the User Waypoint Name Field and enter the
waypoint name, if desired.
4) If desired, select the waypoint symbol:
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Symbol.
c) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired symbol from the
menu, and press the ENT Key.
User Waypoint Name Field
Additional Features
b) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the ‘Select Symbol’ Menu.
Symbol Field (Selected)
Overview
a) From a map page, press the FMS Joystick to activate the Map Pointer
(on the WX Page, press the PAN MAP Softkey or press Menu, then ‘Show
Map Point’).
Appendices
Index
New Waypoint Window (Symbol Selected)
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GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
5) If desired, press the POSITION Softkey and enter the latitude, longitude,
name, or altitude for the waypoint or press the REF WPTS Softkey to enter
a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two
other waypoints to define the new waypoint location.
Hazard Avoidance
New Waypoint Window
(POSITION Softkey Selected)
New Waypoint Window
(REF WPTS Softkey Selected)
6) With ‘Done’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Selecting and viewing nearest user waypoints:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest USR Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired user waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key to display the User Waypoint Information Window.
Index
Appendices
Editing or renaming a user waypoint:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’ and press the ENT
Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the appropriate waypoint and press the
EDIT Softkey. The Edit Waypoint Window is displayed.
4) Move the cursor to the desired field(s) and make any necessary changes (to
edit the Reference Waypoints, press the REF WPTS Softkey).
5) With ‘Done’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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Overview
GPS Navigation
Deleting user waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Turn or Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’ and press the
ENT Key. If deleting all user waypoints, go to Step 4.
3) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in
the User Waypoint field.
4) Press the MENU Key.
Flight Planning
User Waypoints Page Menu
Hazard Avoidance
5) Select ‘Delete Waypoint’ or ‘Delete All’.
6) Press the ENT Key. ‘No’ is highlighted in the confirmation window.
7) With ‘Yes’ highlighted in the confirmation window, press the ENT Key.
Or:
2) Turn or Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in
the User Waypoint field.
5) Press the DELETE Softkey. ‘No’ is highlighted in the confirmation window.
6) Highlight ‘Yes’ and press the ENT Key.
Appendices
4) Press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
User Waypoints can also be deleted by ‘Symbol’ or ‘Distance’ from the User
Waypoints Page Menu.
Index
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GPS Navigation
The GPSMAP 695/696 can display the following types of airspaces: Class B/TMA, Class
C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA (Military), Other Airspace, Air Defense Identification
Zone (ADIZ), and Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR), and Parachute Jump Areas.
The Nearest Airspace Page and Airspace Alerts provide information about airspaces
and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them. The Nearest Airspace Page can
be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path.
The Nearest Airspace Page displays the class of airspace, controlling agency, vertical
boundaries, and status.
Selecting and viewing nearest airspaces:
1) Press the NRST Key.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
2.6 AIRSPACE
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Nearest Airspace Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to highlight the nearest airspace. Turn or move the
FMS Joystick to highlight the desired airspace.
Hazard Avoidance
4) Press the ENT Key to display the Airspace Information Page.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
5) Press the FREQS Softkey (if available) to display frequency and additional
airport information similar to the Waypoint Information Page.
Nearest Airspace Page
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GPS Navigation
AIRSPACE ALERT MESSAGES
GPS Navigation
There are four types of status information:
•Ahead—Projected to enter the airspace within the next 10 minutes or less.
•Near—Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not projected to enter it.
•Near & Ahead—Project to enter the airspace within two nautical miles.
SMART AIRSPACE™
Bold Airspace
Hazard Avoidance
Smart Airspace™ shows airspace at and immediately surrounding the aircraft’s
current altitude in bold. Airspaces at all other altitudes are de-emphasized.
Flight Planning
•Inside Airspace—Within the boundaries of the airspace.
De-emphasized
Airspace
Overview
When an airspace alert appears, press the NRST Key to automatically show nearby
airspace information on the Nearest Airspace Page. This information includes name,
time to entry (if applicable), and status.
Additional Features
Appendices
Smart Airspace™
Index
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GPS Navigation
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct to Key is quicker
to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such as a
nearby airport.
Once a direct-to is activated, the GPSMAP 695/696 establishes a point-to-point
course line from the present position to the selected direct-to destination. Course
guidance is provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or flight plan,
or cancelled.
Entering a waypoint identifier, facility name, or city as a direct-to
destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active
flight plan waypoint as the default selection or a blank waypoint field if no
flight plan is active).
2) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier
(turning it counter-clockwise brings up the waypoint selection submenu press the CLR Key to remove it), press the RECENT Softkey to display a list
of recent waypoints, or move the FMS Joystick to select the facility name,
or city field.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
2.7 DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Direct-to Window
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GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Selecting RECENT WPTS, NRST APTS, or FPL WPTS as a direct-to
destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active
flight plan destination as the default selection or a blank destination if no
flight plan is active).
2) Press the RECENT Softkey to display a list of recent waypoints (RECENT
WPTS) only or turn the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise to display a list of
recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest airports (NRST APTS), and flight
plan waypoints (FPL WPTS).
3) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Flight Plan Waypoints (Direct-to Window)
Appendices
Index
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to destination:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Select the desired airport (the nearest one is already selected).
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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Direct-to destinations may also be selected by using the pointer on the navigation
map pages. If no airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint exists at the desired location, a
temporary waypoint named 'MAP POINTER' is automatically created at the location of
the map arrow.
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
1) From a navigation map page, press the FMS Joystick to display the pointer.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to place the pointer at the desired destination
location.
3) If the pointer is placed on an existing airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the
waypoint name is highlighted.
4) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected
point entered as the direct-to destination.
5) Press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
GPS Navigation
6) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Cancelling a direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight 'Stop Navigation' or ‘Resume Flight
Plan’ if a flight plan was active.
3) Press the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the GPSMAP 695/696
resumes navigating the flight plan along the closest leg.
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Flight Planning
Overview
SECTION 3 FLIGHT PLANNING
3.1 INTRODUCTION
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Whenever an approach is loaded into the active flight plan it replaces the destination
airport with a sequence of waypoints for the selected approach. The airport must have
a published instrument approach and only the final course segment (usually from final
approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is available in the
GPSMAP 695/696.
Flight Planning
Up to 50 flight plans with up to 300 waypoints each can be created and stored
in memory. One flight plan can be activated at a time and becomes the active flight
plan. The active flight plan is erased when the destination is reached and the system
is turned off. When storing flight plans with an approach, the GPSMAP 695/696
uses the waypoint information from the current database to define the waypoints. If
the database is changed or updated, the GPSMAP 695/696 automatically updates
the information if the procedure has not been modified. If an approach is no longer
available, the procedure is deleted from the affected stored flight plan(s), and an alert
is displayed.
GPS Navigation
Flight planning on the GPSMAP 695/696 consists of building a flight plan by
entering waypoints one at a time and inserting approaches as needed. The flight plan
is displayed on maps using different line widths, colors, and types, based on the type
of leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being flown.
DATA FIELDS
Index
Changing the information shown in the data fields:
From the Active Flight Plan Page or the Saved Flight Plan Page, move the
FMS Joystick (right or left) to quickly change the third data field.
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Appendices
By default, the Data Fields on the Active and Saved Flight Plan Pages are set to
display Leg Desired Track (LEG DTK), Leg Distance (LEG DIS), and Leg Estimated Time
En Route (LEG ETE) or Leg Estimate Safe Altitude (LEG ESA) for a Saved Flight Plan.
The first two Data Fields can be changed using the Page Menu. The last Data Field can
be changed using the FMS Joystick.
79
Flight Planning
Overview
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page or the Saved Flight Plan Page, press the
MENU Key.
GPS Navigation
Or:
3) If desired, move the FMS Joystick to highlight the second Data Field.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press
the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed on the first Data Field.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the list of available Data Fields.
5) Turn or Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired option from the list
and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
First Data Second Data Third Data
Field
Field
Field
Index
Appendices
Data Field Selection (Active Flight Plan Page)
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Flight Planning
The Data Fields in the third column of the Active and Saved Flight Plan Pages can be
scrolled through by moving the FMS Joystick left or right. All other Data Fields can be
changed through the ‘Change Data Fields’ option of the Page Menu.
Flight Planning
Data
Fields
Active
Leg
GPS Navigation
The active flight plan is listed on the Active Flight Plan Page. It is the flight plan
to which the GPSMAP 695/696 is currently providing guidance, and is shown on the
navigation maps. Stored flight plans are listed on the Flight Plan List Page, and are
available for activation (becomes the active flight plan).
Overview
3.2 FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
NonActive
Leg
Appendices
Active
Leg
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Index
Active Flight Plan Page
81
Flight Planning
Overview
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Insert Waypoint Window. (Turning
it clockwise displays a blank Insert Waypoint Window, turning it counterclockwise displays a list of recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest
airports (NRST APTS), or flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS)).
Insert Waypoint Window
Additional Features
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
Appendices
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Joystick to remove
the cursor.
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List Page.
Index
3) Press the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘New Flight
Plan’, and press the ENT Key to display a blank flight plan for the first
empty storage location.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Insert Waypoint Window (turning it
clockwise displays a blank Insert Waypoint Window, turning it counterclockwise displays the a list of recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest
airports (NRST APTS), or flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS)).
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Flight Planning
6) Repeat steps 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Joystick to return to
the Flight Plan List Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
Index
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Additional Features
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Hazard Avoidance
Adding a waypoint to a stored flight plan:
1) On the Flight Plan List Page, press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the point in the flight plan to add the new
waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly in front of the highlighted
waypoint.
5) Enter the new waypoint by one of the following:
a) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to display a blank Insert Waypoint
Window.
b) Using the FMS Joystick enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the
desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the FMS Joystick clockwise to display a blank Insert Waypoint
Window.
b) Turn the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise to display a list of recent
waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest airports (NRST APTS), or flight plan
waypoints (FPL WPTS)).
c) Select the desired waypoint from the submenu.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose
the flight plan, select the desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and it is added
in front of the selected waypoint. Flight plans are limited to 300 waypoints (including
approach waypoints).
GPS Navigation
ADDING WAYPOINTS TO AN EXISTING FLIGHT PLAN
Overview
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Overview
Or:
a) Turn the FMS Joystick counter-clockwise to display a list of recent
waypoints (RECENT WPTS), or nearest airports (NRST APTS).
c) Select the desired waypoint from the submenu.
GPS Navigation
d) Press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Adding a waypoint to the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Using the FMS Joystick select the point in the flight plan before which to
add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly in front of the
highlighted waypoint.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Insert Waypoint Window (Turning it
clockwise displays a blank Insert Waypoint Window, turning it counterclockwise displays the a list of recent waypoints (RECENT WPTS), nearest
airports (NRST APTS), or flight plan waypoints (FPL WPTS)).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
Loading an approach procedure into a stored flight plan:
An Approach Procedure can be loaded at any airport that has an approach available.
Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route for a selected
approach is defined by designating transition waypoints.
1) Press the FPL Key.
Appendices
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Flight Plan List Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan and press
the ENT Key.
5) Press the SEL APPR Softkey.
6) Turn the FMS Joystick to display a drop down list of available approaches.
Index
7) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired approach and press
the ENT Key.
8) With ‘Select Approach’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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Flight Planning
Flight Plans can be created and edited on the GPSMAP 695/696 by using the Map
Area and the FMS Joystick.
Graphical Flight Plan Creation:
2) From the Active Flight Plan Page or from the Flight Plan List Page after
pressing the NEW Softkey, press the USE MAP Softkey to activate the map
pointer.
Or: Press the MENU Key and select ‘Edit on Map’.
4) With the desired waypoint selected press the ENT Key. The waypoint is
added to the flight plan and the APPEND Softkey is selected. To view
information about a waypoint without adding it to the flight plan, deselect
the APPEND Softkey and press the ENT Key
Additional Features
Insertion
Point
indicator
Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: If the selected map point is a database map feature, its name is inserted
into the Active Flight Plan. If the selected map point is not a database map
feature, a user waypoint may be created and inserted into the Flight Plan.
Flight Planning
3) Use the FMS Joystick to move the map pointer and rubber band to the
desired point on the map.
GPS Navigation
1) Press the FPL Key.
Overview
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLANNING
Rubber
Band
Appendices
USE MAP
Softkey
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Index
Graphical Flight Plan Window
85
Flight Planning
Overview
5) With the APPEND Softkey selected, repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter
each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) Press the DONE Softkey (from the Saved Flight Plan Page only)
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Adding Flight Plan Waypoints Graphically:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) From the Active Flight Plan Page or from the Saved Flight Plan Page, press
the USE MAP Softkey to activate the map pointer.
Or: Press the MENU Key and select ‘Edit on Map’.
3) Press the APPEND softkey to display the rubber band. (The new waypoint
is inserted at the end of the flight plan. To add a waypoint between existing
flight plan waypoints see Graphical Flight Plan Editing).
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired waypoint to be added to
the Flight Plan and press the ENT Key. The new waypoint is appended to
the Active or Saved Flight Plan.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Removing Flight Plan Waypoints Graphically:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) From the Active Flight Plan Page or from the Saved Flight Plan Page, press
the USE MAP Softkey to activate the map pointer.
Or: Press the MENU Key and select ‘Edit on Map’.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired waypoint to be removed
from the flight plan.
4) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXX From Flight Plan?’ window is
displayed.
5) Press the ENT Key to accept. The waypoint is removed from the Active or
Saved Flight Plan.
Index
Graphical Flight Plan Editing:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) From the Active Flight Plan Page or from the Saved Flight Plan Page, press
the USE MAP Softkey to activate the map pointer.
Or: Press the MENU Key and select ‘Edit on Map’.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan leg to be
modified.
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Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Plan Page (Flight Plan Leg Highlighted with Map Pointer)
Flight Planning
4) With the desired flight plan leg highlighted (blue), press the ENT Key (the
flight plan leg turns magenta). This will grab the flight plan leg.
5) Using the FMS Joystick, drag the flight plan leg to highlight the desired
waypoint to be inserted into the flight plan.
Selected Waypoint
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Flight Plan Page (Waypoint Selected with Map Pointer)
Appendices
6) With the desired waypoint highlighted, press the ENT Key. The flight plan
is now modified to include the added waypoint.
Index
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3.3 FLIGHT PLAN STORAGE
The GPSMAP 695/696 can store up to 50 flight plans. The active flight plan is erased
when another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be
viewed on the Flight Plan List Page
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
4) Press the ENT Key. The Saved Flight Plan Page is displayed showing Flight
Plan name (departure and destination waypoints, by default), and the
selected Data Fields.
5) Press the FMS Joystick or DONE Softkey to exit the Saved Flight Plan Page.
Flight Plan List Page
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Flight Planning
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Index
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Appendices
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Additional Features
Activating a Flight Plan Leg:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor and move the FMS Joystick to
highlight the waypoint leg to be activated.
4) Press the Direct-to Key twice. The “Activate Leg XXXXX - XXXXX?”
window is displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Activating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the ACTIVATE Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key.
4) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, select the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the
CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with a copy
of the flight plan being activated. Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint
order of the stored flight plan, (the active flight plan is not changed).
GPS Navigation
3.4 FLIGHT PLAN ACTIVATION
Overview
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the Active Flight Plan Page.
3) Press the MENU Key. The Active Flight Plan Page Menu is displayed.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Save Flight Plan’.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. A copy of the flight plan is
stored in the next available position in the flight plan list on the Flight Plan
List Page.
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Activate Leg Window
5) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the
CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
EDITING SPEED AND FUEL FLOW
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting the Active Flight Plan fuel flow:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Aircraft Profile’, and press the
ENT Key.
Aircraft Profile Page
Index
3) Select the desired aircraft or create a new one.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to the ‘Fuel Flow’ field, turn the FMS Joystick to
enter the appropriate fuel flow, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
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Flight Planning
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and move the FMS Joystick to
highlight the ‘Fuel Flow’ field.
Overview
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Active Flight
Plan Page.
3) Using the FMS Joystick, enter the desired fuel flow, and press the ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
Fuel
Flow
Field
Flight Planning
Additional Features
Appendices
Adjusting the Saved Flight Plan speed and fuel flow:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan, and press the ENT Key. The
Saved Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to the ‘Plan Speed’ field.
4) Using the FMS Joystick, enter the desired speed, and press the ENT Key.
5) Repeat Steps 3 and 4 for ‘Fuel Flow’, and press the DONE Softkey.
Hazard Avoidance
Fuel Flow (Active Flight Plan Page)
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Overview
Flight Planning
Plan
Speed
Field
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Fuel
Flow
Field
Plan Speed and Fuel Flow (Saved Flight Plan Page)
The GPSMAP 695/696 allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory
slot, allowing editing, etc., without affecting the original flight plan. This can be used
to duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating a modified version of the
original stored flight plan.
Copying a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the MENU Key, using the FMS Joystick highlight ‘Copy Flight Plan’,
and press the ENT Key.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
COPYING FLIGHT PLANS
DELETING FLIGHT PLANS
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from the GPSMAP 695/696
memory.
Index
Deleting a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
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Flight Planning
Overview
3) Press the CLR Key; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’,
and press the ENT Key.
4) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To
cancel the request, press the CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’
and press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Deleting the Active Flight Plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the MENU Key
3) With ‘Stop Navigation’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
NOTE: The changes made to the active flight plan affect navigation as soon as
they are entered. Editing the active flight plan does not affect any saved flight
plans. Waypoints in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or MAP) can
not be deleted individually.
GPS Navigation
Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete All’, and press the ENT Key.
3) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all saved flight plans.
To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight
‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
Appendices
Index
Active Flight Plan Page Menu
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Flight Planning
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX From Flight Plan?’ window is
displayed.
Remove Waypoint Window
4) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the
CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
INVERTING A FLIGHT PLAN
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original
departure point.
Inverting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the MENU Key, turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Invert
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. An “Invert the Active Flight Plan?”
confirmation window is displayed.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Deleting an individual waypoint from a saved flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List Page if necessary.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the flight plan to be edited and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
5) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX From Flight Plan?’ window is
displayed.
6) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the
CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
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Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Importing flight plans:
1) With a flight plan saved to the SD Card, press the FPL Key and turn the
FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List Page.
2) Press the IMPORT Softkey.
3) Using the FMS Joystick highlight the desired flight plan to import.
4) Press the IMPORT Softkey and press the ENT Key.
Or: Press Menu and with “Import Flight Plan” highlighted press ENT.
Flight Planning
IMPORTING/EXPORTING FLIGHT PLANS
GPS Navigation
Inverting a saved flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan, and press the
ENT Key. The Saved Flight Plan Page is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan?’, and press the ENT Key.
5) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the
CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the ENT Key.
Overview
3) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the active flight plan. To
cancel, press the CLR Key, the FMS Joystick, or highlight ‘No’ and press the
ENT Key.
Additional Features
Appendices
Exporting flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the EXPORT Softkey and press the ENT Key.
Or: Press Menu and with “Export Flight Plan” highlighted press ENT.
Index
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3.5 APPROACHES
WARNING: The GPSMAP 695/696 is not designed to be independently used
for flight into instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) or other conditions in
which aircraft control is based solely upon flight instruments. The approaches
provided are for monitoring purposes only. Only the final course segment
(final approach fix (FAF) to missed approach point (MAP)) of the published
approach is available for monitoring.
An approach can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides
guidance for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with published
instrument approach procedures. Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a
flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach is already in the active
flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach. Only the final course
segment (Final Approach Fix (FAF) to Missed Approach Point (MAP)) of the published
approach is available for monitoring.
Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “Load Approach” or “Activate
Approach” is given. “Load Approach” adds the approach to the end of the flight plan
without immediately using it for navigation guidance. This allows continued navigation
via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activate
Approach” also adds the procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately
begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in the approach.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Select Approach Window
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Appendices
Index
Select Approach Menu
2) Press the ENT Key. A chart displaying the selected approach is displayed.
3) Press the EXIT Softkey to return to the Select Approach Window.
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Additional Features
Viewing a chart for the selected approach:
1) With an approach selected in the Select Approach Window, press the
MENU Key. The Show Chart Menu is displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Loading an approach from the active or saved flight plan page:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Active Flight Plan Page or Saved Flight
Plan Page.
3) Press the SEL APPR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select
Approach’ by turning or moving the FMS Joystick, and press the ENT Key.
The Select Approach Window is displayed.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of available approaches. Turn or
move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired approach and press the
ENT Key.
5) With ‘Load Approach’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the
request, press the CLR Key or the FMS Joystick.
Flight Planning
An approach can be selected from the Direct-to Window, Waypoint (WPT) Page,
Active Flight Plan Page, and the Saved Flight Plan Page.
GPS Navigation
When an approach is selected and activated, it replaces the destination airport
with the sequence of waypoints for the selected approach. When an approach is
loaded, the destination airport remains in the flight plan and the approach sequence
of waypoints are appended to the flight plan. Keep in mind that the airport must have
a published approach (GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer, or ILS) and only the final course
segment (final approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is
available in the GPSMAP 695/696.
Overview
SELECTING AN APPROACH
97
Flight Planning
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Activating an approach on the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Active Flight Plan Page (if necessary).
3) Press the SEL APPR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select
Approach’ by turning or moving the FMS Joystick, and press the ENT Key.
The Select Approach Window is displayed.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of available approaches. Turn or
move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired approach and press the
ENT Key.
5) With ‘Activate Approach’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the
request, press the CLR Key or the FMS Joystick.
Or:
a) With an approach loaded on the Active Flight Plan Page, press the
MENU Key.
b) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Activate Approach’, and
press the ENT Key.
Appendices
Active Flight Plan Page Menu
Or:
a) With an approach loaded on the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS
Joystick to activate the cursor.
b) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the approach, and press the ENT
Key. “Activate XXXXX Approach?” window is displayed.
Index
c) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Removing an approach:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to display the Active Flight Plan Page or Saved Flight
Plan Page.
3) Press the RMV APPR Softkey, and press the ENT Key.
Or: On the Saved Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key and highlight
‘Remove Approach’ and press the ENT Key.
Overview
Loading/Activating an approach from the Direct-to Window or
Waypoint Page:
1) Press the Direct-to Key or select the Waypoint Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Select Approach’, and press
the ENT Key. If an approach is not already loaded or activated, the cursor
is displayed in the Approach Field. If an approach is already loaded or
activated, ‘Activate’ is highlighted.
4) With ‘Activate’ highlighted press the ENT Key, or select an approach,
highlight ‘Load Approach’ or ‘Activate Approach’, and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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ACTIVATING VECTORS-TO-FINAL
After an approach has been activated, the VECTORS Softkey is used when being
vectored to the final approach course by Air Traffic Control (ATC).
If the VECTORS Softkey is selected, the GPSMAP 695/696 creates an extension of
the final course, beyond the final approach waypoint in the database (final approach
fix [FAF]). On the Active Flight Plan Page, a Vectors-to-Final symbol appears beside the
first approach waypoint.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Vectors-to-Final
Symbol
Appendices
Additional Features
Final Course
Extension
Vectors-to-Final (Active Flight Plan Page)
Index
VECTORS Softkey
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Flight Planning
Cancelling Vectors-to-Final:
From the Active Flight Plan Page (with an approach activated), press the
VECTORS Softkey.
Or:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Cancel Vectors-to-Final’ and
press the ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
If the VECTORS Softkey is not selected, the GPSMAP 695/696 creates a straight-line
course directly to the first waypoint in the approach.
Overview
The GPSMAP 695/696 provides no guidance to the inbound course. The course
deviation needle on the graphic HSI remains off-center until established on the final
approach course. The map shows an extension of the final approach course using a
bold magenta line.
Refer to Appendix F (Utilities) for information on Flight Log, Track Log, E6B Calculator,
Aircraft Profile, and Weight & Balance.
Hazard Avoidance
3.6 TRIP PLANNING
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Blank Page
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Overview
SECTION 4 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
4.1 WEATHER INFORMATION
Index
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Appendices
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Additional Features
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Hazard Avoidance
Switching Weather Sources:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘WEATHER.’
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
if both are available.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page.
Flight Planning
With a SiriusXM subscription and FIS-B weather information (through GDL 39),
there are three options available for selection through the Main Menu or Weather
Page; AUTO, XM (SiriusXM), and GDL FIS-B. The default selection is ‘AUTO.’ With AUTO
selected, and a SiriusXM subscription, SiriusXM weather information is displayed. If
SiriusXM service is unavailable with AUTO selected, FIS-B weather information is
displayed, if available. If either SiriusXM or FIS-B source is selected, only the selected
source is used to display weather information and no automatic source-switching will
occur. When more than one source is available, the name of the current weather source
will be displayed in the title bar of the Weather Page (WX) and on the Waypoint Page
when the Weather Softkey is selected. Data from the selected weather source will
apply to all weather shown on the Map Page, Waypoint Page, Weather Page, Nearest
Page, and configurable data fields. The weather source can also be changed manually
through the Main Menu or on the Weather Page (WX).
GPS Navigation
WEATHER SOURCE
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
3) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
1) From the Weather Page press SETUP Softkey.
GPS Navigation
Or
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
weather if both are available.
SIRIUSXM WEATHER (696 ONLY)
NOTE: SiriusXM Weather is only available with the GPSMAP 696.
ACTIVATING SERVICES
Before SiriusXM Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is
activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a Radio ID unique to the GXM 40
antenna.
SiriusXM Satellite Radio uses the Radio ID to send an activation signal that allows
the GPSMAP 696 to display weather data and/or entertainment programming provided
through the GXM 40 antenna.
Refer to the GXM 40 Owner’s Manual for more information on activating SiriusXM
Satellite Radio.
SiriusXM WEATHER INFORMATION
•Service Level—SiriusXM Weather subscription plan purchased.
•Weather Products—List of weather features and age of weather data in minutes.
Accessing SiriusXM Weather information:
From the SiriusXM Audio Page press the INFO Softkey.
Or:
1) From the WX Page press the MENU Key to display the WX Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘WEATHER PRODUCTS’ and
press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
•Radio ID—Eight-digit ID number used for activation.
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Overview
SiriusXM WEATHER PRODUCTS
NEXRAD
NEXRAD Abnormalities
•Ground clutter
Appendices
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but
not all, of those include:
Additional Features
The display of radar coverage is always active when NEXRAD is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage is not currently available or is not being collected are
indicated in grayish-purple (Weather (WX) Page Only). Radar capability may exists in
these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
Hazard Avoidance
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This
data is composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level.
Flight Planning
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and
dissemination of NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD data or any radar
data to maneuver in or near areas of hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an earlywarning capacity of pre-departure and enroute evaluation.
GPS Navigation
NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of multiple high-resolution Doppler
radar sites that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data
provides centralized meteorological information for the continental United States and
selected overseas locations. The maximum range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250
nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network provides important
information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
•Strobes and spurious radar data
•Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
•Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
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Index
•Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun
NEXRAD Limitations
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are
listed for the user’s awareness:
•NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine
cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
•NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and
has no information about storms directly over the site.
•Radar coverage only extends to 55°N.
•Any precipitation displayed between 52°N and 55°N is unknown.
NEXRAD Intensity
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity)
measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the
amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase
as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors
corresponding to the dBZ values.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD Data
Index
RADAR Legend
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Satellite Mosaic displays infrared composite images of cloud cover taken by
geostationary weather satellites. The Satellite Mosaic provides up to seven levels of
cloud cover.
Overview
Satellite Mosaic
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
RADAR Legend
Satellite Mosaic/Cloud Tops
Data
Additional Features
Echo Tops are derived from NEXRAD radar and indicate the highest altitude at which
precipitation is falling. Echo Tops at or above the altitude you select are displayed, in
5,000 foot increments up to 70,000 ft. Echo Tops can be helpful in determining the
severity of thunderstorms.
Hazard Avoidance
Echo Tops
Appendices
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Echo Tops Data
107
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface
and at selected altitudes. Altitudes can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to
42,000 feet MSL.
Winds Aloft are displayed using wind barbs or a wind streamline depending on
the selected range. The wind barbs indicate wind speed and direction. The wind
streamline indicates wind direction with arrows.
The wind barbs always point in the direction that the wind is coming from. The wind
speed is depicted using flags at the end of the wind barb. A short wind flag is 5 mph,
a long wind flag is 10 mph, and a triangle flag is 50 mph.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft Data
Appendices
Wind Direction
Calm
15 Knots
5 Knots
20 Knots
Wind Flag
10 Knots
50 Knots
Index
Winds Barbs
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GPS Navigation
This feature displays pressure isobars and pressure centers. The isobars connect
points of equal pressure. Pressure readings can help determine weather and wind
conditions. High pressure areas are generally associated with fair weather. Low
pressure areas are generally associated with clouds and the chance of precipitation.
Isobars that are packed closely together show a strong pressure gradient. Strong
gradients are associated with areas of stronger winds. Pressure units can be displayed
in Millibars (mb), Inches of Mercury (in), and Hectopascals (hPa).
Overview
Surface Pressure
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Other Legend
Surface Pressure Data
SiriusXM LIGHTNING
Additional Features
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region and
within the last seven minutes. The exact location of the lightning strike is not displayed.
Appendices
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Lightning Data
109
Storm Cells
The Storm Cells feature displays storms as well as the storm’s projected path in the
immediate future.
The direction of the storm is displays by an arrow (at a range of 20 nm or less). The
tip of the arrow indicates where the storm should be in 15 minutes. Critical information
about the storm cell (tops and intensity) can be viewed by selecting the storm cell with
the Map Pointer. Pressing the ENT Key will display additional information.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Storm Cell Data
METARs and TAFs
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for weather
briefings. METARs are updated hourly and are considered current. METARs typically
contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation, cloud cover,
cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain information
on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. METARs are shown as
colored flags at airports that provide them.
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some METAR data, but generally cover a smaller area. It typically
forecasts significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and
expected changes in weather conditions.
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Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text. The
METAR flag is gray when the METAR text does not contain adequate information to
determine flight conditions.
GPS Navigation
Changing METAR and TAF text:
1) Using the Map Pointer, select the desired METAR and press the ENT Key; or
from the Waypoint (WPT) Page press the WEATHER Softkey. The Weather
Information Page is displayed.
2) Press the MENU Key.
a) Select ‘Show Decoded Text’ or ‘Show Raw Text’.
b) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Select ‘Change Text Size’ and press the ENT Key.
b) Select ‘Small’, ‘Medium’, or ‘Large’ and press the ENT Key.
Overview
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the Map Page and the Weather (WX) Page.
An abbreviated version can be viewed by panning over the METAR flag. Pressing the
ENT Key will display additional information. METAR and TAF data can be displayed as
raw or decoded text.
Additional Features
Appendices
METAR Legend
METAR Selected With Map
Pointer
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AIRMETS
An AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information) can be especially helpful for
pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET
must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one
time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for six-hour periods and are amended as necessary
due to changing weather conditions. AIRMETs are displayed as colored, dashed lines.
SIGMETS
A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advises of weather that is
potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, the following
items are covered: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms,
and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles.
A Convective SIGMET is issued for the following conditions: thunderstorms, isolated
severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes.
A SIGMET is widespread and must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least
3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow-dashed line.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
AIRMET Selected With Map
Pointer
Index
Appendices
AIRMET/SIGMET Legend
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NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction TFR information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations of Air Traffic Control.
GPS Navigation
Temporary Flight Restrictions, or TFRs, temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering
the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for
activities such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots, and forest fires. TFRs
are represented as an area highlighted by red (active) or yellow (not yet active).
Overview
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
PIREPs
PIREP text is displayed on the Weather (WX) Page. An abbreviated version can be
viewed by panning over the PIREP box. Using the Map Pointer, highlight the desired
PIREP and press the ENT Key to display the decoded text.
Appendices
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) provide timely weather information. When significant
weather conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic Control (ATC) facilities are
required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions,
such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, and turbulence. PIREPs are
issued as either Routine (UA) (blue) or Urgent (UUA) (yellow).
Additional Features
TFR Data
Index
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PIREP Data on Weather Page
Decoded PIREP Data
FREEZING LEVELS
Freezing Level shows contours for the lowest forecast altitude where icing conditions
are likely to occur.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Freezing Level Data
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Turbulence data identifies the potential for erratic movement of high-altitude air
mass associated winds. Turbulence is classified as light, moderate, severe, or extreme.
Turbulence data is intended to supplement AIRMETs and SIGMETs.
Overview
TURBULENCE FORECAST
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Turbulence Data and Legend
ICING FORECAST (CIP & SLD)
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Index
Current Icing Product (CIP) data shows a graphical view of the current icing
environment. Icing severity is displayed in four categories: light, moderate, severe,
and extreme (not specific to aircraft type). The CIP product is not a forecast, but a
representation of the current conditions at the time of the analysis. Altitudes can be
displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 30,000 feet MSL.
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) icing conditions are characterized by the presence
of relatively large, supercooled water droplets indicative of freezing drizzle and freezing
rain aloft. SLD threat areas are depicted as magenta dots over the CIP colors.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendices
Icing Forecast Data and Legend
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Hazard Avoidance
Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
Overview
Forecast
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Forecast Data
Thunderstorms
Windy
Partly Cloudy
Rain
Haze
Mostly Cloudy
Freezing Rain
Foggy
Cloudy
Snow
Very Cold
Very Hot
Additional Features
Appendices
Fronts Legend
Sunny
Forecast Legend
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: Sea Surface Temperature data requires Master Mariner SiriusXM
subscription.
The surface temperatures of coastal and large inland bodies of water are displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Appendices
Additional Features
Sea Temperature
Data
Index
Sea Temperature Data and Legend
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SiriusXM Weather Products can be displayed on the Map Page and individually on
the Weather (WX) Page.
•METARs
•SIGMETs
•TFRs
Appendices
•Storm Cells
Additional Features
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the
display on the map:
Hazard Avoidance
The setup menu for the Navigation Map controls the map range settings above
which weather products are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger
than the weather product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is
removed from the map. For weather products such as METAR, Lightning, and Storm
Cells, the weather product is displayed when a map range “smaller” than the weather
product map range setting is selected (Satellite Mosaic works inversely). The menu
also provides a means for enabling/disabling display of ‘Airmets’, ‘Sigmets’, ‘Weather
Data’, ‘NEXRAD’, and/or ‘Fronts’ on the Navigation Map.
Flight Planning
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
GPS Navigation
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather
conditions.
Overview
USING SiriusXM WEATHER PRODUCTS
•AIRMETs
Index
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Additional information is also available for the following weather products on the
Weather Map (not displayed on the Navigation Map):
•Forecast
•PIREPs
Viewing SiriusXM Weather products on the Map Page:
1) Select the Map Page.
2) Select the WEATHER Softkey to display the SiriusXM Weather products.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Show Weather’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the Map Pointer.
4) Use the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired weather product with the
Map Pointer.
5) With the desired weather product highlighted, press the ENT Key to get
detailed information (if available).
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Viewing SiriusXM Weather products on the Weather (WX) Page:
1) From the WX Page press the FMS Joystick to highlight the weather product
field.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select and automatically display the desired
weather product.
3) If necessary, move the FMS Joystick to highlight the type field and turn the
FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options.
4) Press the PAN MAP Softkey to get abbreviated information about the
selected weather product or map feature (if available).
5) With the desired weather product selected press the ENT Key to get
detailed information (if available).
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Detailed Weather Product Information
Additional Features
Appendices
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘XM Weather’ or ‘ XM WX Reports’
Category from the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather product.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each product (On/Off,
Auto, range settings).
6) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
Hazard Avoidance
Abbreviated Weather Product Information
Index
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GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Map Setup Page (Weather Category)
Map Setup Page (WX Report Category)
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Restoring default weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘XM Weather’ or ‘ XM WX Reports’.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather product.
5) Press the MENU Key.
6) With ‘Restore Default’ or ‘Restore All Map Defaults’ selected, press the ENT
Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the restored settings.
Index
Appendices
Viewing legends for displayed weather products:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key to access the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the
ENT Key to display the Weather Legend Window.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to view the desired weather legend (Radar, Fronts,
METAR, AIRMET, Turbulence Forecast, or Other).
4) With ‘DONE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to return to the Map Page.
Or:
1) From the Weather (WX) Page press the LEGEND Softkey to display the
Weather Legend Window.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to view the desired weather legend (Radar, Fronts,
METAR, AIRMET, Turbulence Forecast, or Other).
3) With ‘DONE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to return to the Weather (WX)
Page.
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Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Animating SiriusXM Weather:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key to access the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Animate Weather’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) To stop animation, press the MENU Key again, turn or move the FMS
Joystick to select ‘Stop Animation’ and press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) Select the Weather (WX) Page.
2) Using the FMS Joystick select either the ‘NEXRAD Radar’ or ‘Satellite
Mosaic’ weather product.
3) Select the ANIMATE Softkey to begin animation
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Animate Weather’ and press the ENT Key to begin animation.
4) To stop animation, press the MENU Key again, turn or move the FMS
Joystick to select ‘Stop Animation’ and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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DATA LINK WEATHER (FIS-B)
The GPSMAP 695/696 is compatible with the GDL 39 data link radio. The GDL 39
is a receive-only data link radio with on-board GPS, 978 MHz (the Universal Access
Transceiver frequency band), and 1090 MHz Extended Squitter (1090 ES) receivers. It
is designed to receive, process, and output traffic (ADS-B air-to-air, and TIS-B traffic
information), and weather (Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B)) information
to the GPSMAP 695/696 through a power/data cable. As a UAT receiver, the GDL 39
can receive and, when connected to the GPSMAP 695/696, display Flight Information
Service-Broadcast (FIS-B) weather products as well as traffic.
FIS-B is a free weather service that is broadcast by Ground Based Transceivers
(GBTs) over the 978 MHz UAT frequency band as part of the FAA’s Next Generation
Air Transportation System (NextGen). To receive FIS-B weather information, the GDL
39 must be within range and line-of-sight of an operating GBT. Reception may be
affected by altitude, terrain, and other factors. GDL 39-supported FIS-B weather
products include METARs, TAFs, NEXRAD (Regional and CONUS (Combined)), AIRMETs,
SIGMETs, PIREPs, and Winds and Temperatures Aloft. Other products include NOTAMs
and TFRs.
Switching Weather Sources:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘WEATHER’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
if both are available.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
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Hazard Avoidance
Or
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
if both are available.
Flight Planning
Viewing FIS-B Product Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Data Link Information’ and
press the ENT Key.
3) Press the WEATHER Softkey, to view the age in hours:minutes of each
weather product.
Or:
1) From the Weather Page, press the INFO Softkey.
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Appendices
FIS-B weather broadcasts are updated regularly and may take approximately
ten minutes to transmit all available weather data. Therefore, weather data is not
immediately available. No pilot action is required to receive FIS-B weather information.
Weather product status can be viewed on the dedicated Weather Page,or the Data Link
Page from the Tools menu.
Additional Features
FIS-B WEATHER PRODUCTS
Hazard Avoidance
Viewing Ground Station Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Data Link Information’ and
press the ENT Key.
3) Press the STATIONS Softkey, to view ground station(s) status (Active/
Inactive), bearing, and distance.
Or:
1) From the Weather Page, press the INFO Softkey.
2) Press the STATIONS Softkey, to view ground station(s) status bearing and
distance.
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GPS Navigation
3) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page
Overview
1) From the Weather Page press SETUP Softkey.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
When a FIS-B weather product is active on a map, the age of the data is displayed
on the screen in the lower left corner. The age of the product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are broadcast at specific intervals (see broadcast interval in
the table below).
If, for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the Expiration Time
intervals (see table), the data is considered expired and is removed from the display.
This ensures that only data that is consistent with FIS-B broadcast data is displayed.
If more than half of the expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age
displayed changes to yellow. The system displays dashes instead of a product age
when a product has expired. If a weather product is not available or has not been
received, the system displays ‘N/A’ instead of a product age.
The table below shows the FIS-B weather expiration time and the broadcast interval.
The broadcast interval represents the interval at which FIS-B GBTs broadcast new
signals that may or may not contain new weather data. It does not represent the rate
at which weather data is updated or new content is received by the GDL 39.
FIS-B Products
Expiration
Time
Update Interval
(Minutes)
Broadcast
Interval
(Minutes)
NEXRAD Composite
Reflectivity (CONUS)
60 minutes
~5 minutes precipitation
mode
10 minutes for clear air
15
NEXRAD Composite
Reflectivity (Regional)
60 minutes
As Available
2.5
METAR
8 hours
1 minute (where available),
As Available otherwise
5
TAF
12 hours
8 hours
10
AIRMET
12 hours
As Available
5
SIGMET
12 hours
As Available, then at 15
minute intervals for 1 hour
5
PIREP
8 hours
As Available
10
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Update Interval
(Minutes)
Broadcast
Interval
(Minutes)
12 hours
12 hours
10
12 hours
As Available
10
GPS Navigation
Winds and
Temperatures Aloft
NOTAM (D)/FDC
(Including TFRs)
Expiration
Time
Weather Product Timing
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Index
The display of radar coverage is always active when NEXRAD is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage is not currently available or is not being collected are
indicated in grayish-purple (Weather (WX) Page Only). Radar capability may exists in
these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
Appendices
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This
data is composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level.
Additional Features
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and
dissemination of NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD data or any radar
data to maneuver in or near areas of hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an earlywarning capacity of pre-departure and enroute evaluation.
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of multipe high-resolution Doppler
radar sites that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data
provides centralized meteorological information for the continental United States and
selected overseas locations. The maximum range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250
nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network provides important
information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
Flight Planning
NEXRAD
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Overview
FIS-B Products
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
NEXRAD Abnormalities
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but
not all, of those include:
GPS Navigation
•Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
•Strobes and spurious radar data
Flight Planning
•Ground clutter
•Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun
•Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
•Poor reception from Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs) can cause portions of the
received radar imagery to not be displayed
NEXRAD Limitations
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are
listed for the user’s awareness:
•NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine
cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
•NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and
has no information about storms directly over the site.
NEXRAD Intensity
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity)
measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the
amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase
as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors
corresponding to the dBZ values.
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Overview
GPS Navigation
RADAR Legend
NEXRAD Data
FIS-B Radar Products
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
FIS-B weather provides two different Radar products, CONUS and Regional. The
system can display each individually or a composite (COMBINED). When Regional
Radar is displayed, only precipitation for your current region is displayed. The subdued
(grayish-purple colored) area represents the area not covered by the regional radar
product. When Combined radar data is viewed, Regional Radar data is displayed on
top of CONUS data and the time shown in the lower left corner is associated with
Regional Radar data only.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
FIS-B Radar (Regional)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
FIS-B Radar (CONUS)
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Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction in 3,000-foot
increments up to 39,000 feet MSL.
GPS Navigation
The wind barbs always point in the direction that the wind is coming from. The wind
speed is depicted using flags at the end of the wind barb. A short wind flag is 5 knots,
a long wind flag is 10 knots, and a triangle flag is 50 knots.
Overview
WINDS ALOFT
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft Data (Split-Screen)
Wind Direction
15 Knots
5 Knots
20 Knots
10 Knots
50 Knots
Additional Features
Calm
Wind Flag
Winds Barbs
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Index
Temperature Aloft data shows the forecasted temperatures aloft in 3,000-foot
increments up to 39,000 feet MSL. For altitudes 18,000 feet and above the relative
ISA temperature is also shown. Temperatures are color coded with temperatures near
and below freezing are shown as shades of blue, green for temperatures just above
freezing and shades of orange are used for warmer temperatures.
Appendices
TEMPERATURES ALOFT
Temperatures Aloft
METARS AND TAFS
Appendices
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is an international code used for
reporting weather observations. METARs are updated hourly or as needed. METARs
typically contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation,
cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain
information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. If METAR data
is available for an airport, a color-coded flag is shown next to the airport.
Index
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some of the same code as METAR data. It typically forecasts
significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and expected
changes in weather conditions.
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Additional Features
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Index
An AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information) can be especially helpful for
pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET
must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one
time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for six-hour periods and are amended as necessary
due to changing weather conditions. AIRMETs are displayed as colored, dashed lines.
Appendices
METAR Selected With Map
Pointer
AIRMETS
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Hazard Avoidance
METAR Legend
Flight Planning
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text.
GPS Navigation
Changing METAR and TAF text:
1) Using the Map Pointer, select the desired METAR and press the ENT Key; or
from the Waypoint (WPT) Page press the WEATHER Softkey. The Weather
Information Page is displayed.
2) Press the MENU Key.
a) Select ‘Show Decoded Text’ or ‘Show Raw Text’.
b) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Select ‘Change Text Size’ and press the ENT Key.
b) Select ‘Small’, ‘Medium’, or ‘Large’ and press the ENT Key.
Overview
METAR and TAF text data is displayed on the Map Page and the Weather (WX) Page.
An abbreviated version can be viewed by panning over the METAR flag. Pressing the
ENT Key will display additional information. METAR and TAF data can be displayed as
raw or decoded text.
SIGMETS
A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advises of weather that is
potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, the following
items are covered: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms,
and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles.
A Convective SIGMET is issued for the following conditions: thunderstorms, isolated
severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes.
A SIGMET is widespread and must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least
3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow-dashed line.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
AIRMET/SIGMET Legend
AIRMET Selected With Map
Pointer
TEMPORARY FLIGHT RESTRICTIONS (TFR)
CAUTION: The Graphical Depiction of TFR data is approximated.
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction TFR information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations of Air Traffic Control.
Temporary Flight Restrictions, or TFRs, temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering
the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for
activities such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots, and forest fires. TFRs
are represented as an area highlighted by red (active) or yellow (not yet active).
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
GPS Navigation
TFR Data
Urgent (UUA)
PIREP
Additional Features
PIREP text is displayed on the Weather (WX) Page. An abbreviated version can be
viewed by panning over the PIREP box. Using the Map Pointer, highlight the desired
PIREP and press the ENT Key to display the decoded text.
Hazard Avoidance
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) provide timely weather information. When significant
weather conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic Control (ATC) facilities are
required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions,
such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, and turbulence. PIREPs are
issued as either Routine (UA) (blue) or Urgent (UUA) (yellow).
Flight Planning
PIREPS
Appendices
Routine (UA)
PIREP Selected
PIREP Data
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
USING FIS-B WEATHER PRODUCTS
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
FIS-B Weather Products can be displayed on the Map Page and individually on the
Weather (WX) Page.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained with
in data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather
conditions.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Switching Weather Sources:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘WEATHER’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
if both are available.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page.
Or
1) From the Weather Page press SETUP Softkey.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather source (AUTO,
XM, or GDL FIS-B). The default is ‘AUTO’ which will use XM over GDL FIS-B
if both are available.
3) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
previous page
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Hazard Avoidance
•SIGMETs
•METARs
•AIRMETs
•TFRs
Hazard Avoidance
Viewing FIS-B Weather products on the Map Page:
1) Select the Map Page.
2) Select the WEATHER Softkey to display the FIS-B weather products.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Show Weather’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the Map Pointer.
4) Use the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired weather product with the
Map Pointer.
5) With the desired weather product highlighted, press the ENT Key to get
detailed information (if available).
Additional Features
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Appendices
Viewing FIS-B Weather products on the Weather (WX) Page:
1) From the WX Page press the FMS Joystick to highlight the weather product
field.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select and automatically display the desired
weather product.
3) If necessary, move the FMS Joystick to highlight the type field and turn the
FMS Joystick to scroll through a list of available options.
4) Press the PAN MAP Softkey to get abbreviated information about the
selected weather product or map feature (if available).
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Flight Planning
Additional information is also available for PIREPs on the Weather Page (not
displayed on the Map Page):
GPS Navigation
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the
display on the Weather Page or the Map Page:
Overview
The setup menu for the Map Page controls the map range settings above which
weather products are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the
weather product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed
from the map. The menu also provides a means for enabling/disabling display of
‘Airmets’, ‘Sigmets’, ‘Weather Data’, and/or ‘NEXRAD’ on the Map Page.
Hazard Avoidance
GPS Navigation
Overview
5) With the desired weather product selected press the ENT Key to get
detailed information (if available).
Abbreviated Product Info (Split-Screen)
Detailed Product Info (Split-Screen)
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘FIS-B Weather’ Category from the
horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather product.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each product (On/Off,
Auto, range settings).
6) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
Map Setup Page (WX Report Category)
Index
Map Setup Page (Weather Category)
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Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Index
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Appendices
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Flight Planning
Animating FIS-B weather:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key to access the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Animate Weather’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) To stop animation, press the MENU Key again, turn or move the FMS
Joystick to select ‘Stop Animation’, and press the ENT Key.
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GPS Navigation
Viewing legends for displayed weather products:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key to access the Map Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the
ENT Key to display the Weather Legend Window.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to view the desired weather legend (Radar, Fronts,
METAR, AIRMET, Turbulence Forecast, Icing Forecast, or Other).
4) With ‘DONE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to return to the Map Page.
Or:
1) From the Weather (WX) Page press the LEGEND Softkey to display the
Weather Legend Window.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to view the desired weather legend (Radar, Fronts,
METAR, AIRMET, Turbulence Forecast, Icing Forecast, or Other).
3) Press the FMS Joystick, CLR Key, or LEGEND Softkey to return to the
Weather (WX) Page.
Overview
Restoring default weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘FIS-B Weather’.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired weather product.
5) Press the MENU Key.
6) With ‘Restore Default’ or ‘Restore All Map Defaults’ selected, press the ENT
Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the restored settings.
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Or:
1) Select the Weather (WX) Page.
2) Using the FMS Joystick select either the ‘NEXRAD Radar’ or ‘Satellite
Mosaic’ weather product.
GPS Navigation
3) Select the ANIMATE Softkey to begin animation.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Animate Weather’ and press the ENT Key to begin animation.
4) To stop animation, deselect the ANIMATE Softkey.
Flight Planning
Or:
Press the MENU Key, turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Stop
Animation’, and press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Viewing FIS-B NOTAMs:
1) From the Waypoints Page press NOTAMS Softkey.
2) If needed, scroll up or down using the FMS Joystick.
NOTAMS Information Page
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Hazard Avoidance
WARNING: Do not use Terrain information for primary terrain avoidance.
Terrain information is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain depicted in the Profile View is always “ahead” of the aircraft,
and will change as ground track changes.
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Index
Alert windows appear on all pages (except the Terrain (TER) Page) to inform the
pilot of proximity to the terrain and obstacles, as well as an unsafe descent rate. These
alerts depend on user-defined parameters in the Terrain Page setup.
Appendices
Terrain and obstacle databases are referenced to MSL. Using the GPS position
and altitude, the Terrain feature portrays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and
obstacles relative to the position and altitude of the aircraft. GPS position and GPSMSL altitude are used to calculate and predict the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the
surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this way, the pilot can view predicted dangerous
terrain and obstacle conditions.
Additional Features
The GPSMAP 695/696 GPS receiver provides the horizontal position and altitude of
the aircraft. Aircraft GPS altitude is derived from satellite position. GPS altitude is then
converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to
determine terrain and obstacle proximity. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by
satellite geometry, but is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that
normally affect pressure altitude sensors. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local
altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. It is a widely-used MSL altitude source.
Hazard Avoidance
Note that all obstructions may not be available in the terrain and obstacle database.
No terrain and obstacle information is shown without a valid 3-D GPS position.
Flight Planning
The Terrain Page displays altitudes of terrain and obstructions relative to the aircraft
position and altitude with reference to a database that may contain inaccuracies.
Terrain and obstructions are shown only if they are in the database. Terrain and
obstacle information should be used as an aid to situational awareness. They should
never be used to navigate or maneuver around terrain.
GPS Navigation
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
Overview
4.2 TERRAIN
TERRAIN INFORMATION
Two views are displayed on the Terrain (TER) Page: the Map View, and the Profile
View. The areas of the terrain shaded red are predicted to be within 100 feet below
or above the aircraft. The yellow terrain areas are between the user-defined Caution
Elevation and 100 feet below the aircraft. By default, the Caution Elevation is 1,000
feet; therefore, the areas in yellow are between 1,000 feet and 100 feet below the
aircraft. The black areas are further than the Caution Elevation. A projected point of
impact is marked with an “X” symbol.
OBSTACLE INFORMATION
Obstacles are shown on the Terrain Page at or below the map range of 12 nm.
Obstacles are also shown on the Map Page when the map range is set to 3 nm or
below.
Standard aeronautical chart symbols are used for lighted or unlighted obstacles
taller than 200 feet Above Ground Level (AGL). Refer to the Obstacle Icons legend
below.
Each obstacle is labeled with the altitude of the top of the obstacle, or Mean Sea
Level (MSL). Each obstacle also lists, in parentheses, the actual height of the obstacle,
or Above Ground Level (AGL).
Unlighted Obstacle Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ > 1000’ < 1000’ > 1000’ Impact Points
AGL
AGL
AGL
AGL
Obstacle Location
WARNING: Red
obstacle is above or
within 100’ below
current aircraft
altitude
CAUTION: Yellow
obstacle is between
100’ and 1000’
below current aircraft
altitude
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Terrain Obstacle Colors and Symbology
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Red—terrain or obstacle is within 100 feet above or below the aircraft.
Yellow—terrain or obstacle is between the user-defined Caution Elevation and 100 feet
below the aircraft.
Appendices
• Alert Sensitivity—The three Alert Sensitivity settings (Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent
Rate) determine what level of alerts are annunciated. The GPSMAP 695/696 defaults
to ‘High’ sensitivity, which annunciates all red and yellow alerts at the time set in
Look Ahead Time. ‘Medium’ sensitivity annunciates all of the red and the highest
priority of yellow alerts. ‘Low’ only annunciates red alerts. ‘Off’ disables the alert.
Additional Features
• Look Ahead Time—Determines the maximum time when an alert annunciation
occurs. For example, if 120 seconds is selected, the GPSMAP 695/696 provides an
alert up to 120 seconds before you reach the terrain or obstacle.
Hazard Avoidance
Use the terrain settings to set levels for terrain alerts as well as obstacles in or near
your flight path.
• Caution Elevation—The GPSMAP 695/696 will provide an alert if the terrain or
obstacle is within the default Caution Elevation or user-defined Caution Elevation.
Flight Planning
TERRAIN SETTINGS
GPS Navigation
Enabling/Disabling Terrain Shading on the Map Page:
From the Map Page with the VFR Map displayed, press the TERRAIN
Softkey.
Or:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Map’ Category from the horizontal
list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Terrain Shading’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
Overview
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE COLOR CODE
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Hazard Avoidance
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Accessing the terrain settings:
1) On the Terrain Page, press the SETTINGS Softkey.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to make changes to the highlighted field.
4) With ‘Done’ highlighted press the ENT Key, or press the CLR Key to accept
the changes and exit the Terrain Setup window.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Terrain Setup
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Overview
GPS Navigation
Obstacle
Flight Planning
Potential Impact
Point
Terrain Legend
Hazard Avoidance
Red Terrain is
within 100 ft
above or below
the aircraft.
Terrain Profile
View
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Index
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Appendices
Setting up the Terrain Page:
1) On the Terrain Page, press MENU to access the Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Terrain’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to make changes to the highlighted field.
5) With ‘Done’ highlighted press the ENT Key, or press the CLR Key to accept
the changes and exit the Terrain Setup window.
Additional Features
Yellow Terrain is
Between the Userdefined Caution
Elevation and
100 ft Below the
Aircraft
TERRAIN ALERTS
Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent Rate Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms. Terrain alerts typically employ
a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued, visual
annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. When the
aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport an audible “Five
Hundred” altitude reminder occurs.
If the Terrain Page is not displayed, a pop-up alert appears in the lower left corner of
the page. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile. Press the CLR Key to acknowledge the pop-up and/or aural alert.
Enabling/Disabling terrain alerts:
1) From the Terrain Page, press the MENU Key to access the Page Menu.
Additional Features
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Disable Alerts’ or ‘Enable
Alerts’ and press the ENT Key. Disabling terrain alerts is only temporary.
Terrain alerts are automatically enabled when the unit is powered on.
AURAL ALERTS
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport.
The following aural terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependant on
the sensitivity level set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Index
Appendices
From the Terrain Page, press the DISABLE Softkey.
Or:
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
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Overview
Range Rings
GPS Navigation
Pop-Up Alert (Map Page)
Caution
Terrain
Obstacle
“terrain ahead! pull up!”
Warning “terrain! terrain! pull up!
pull up!”
“caution, sink rate”
“sink rate, pull up!”
“pull up!”
Aural Alerts
Appendices
Enabling/Disabling Terrain Audio:
1) Press the Menu Key twice to display the Main Menu
2) Move the FMS Joystick to select ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Terrain Audio’ field.
Additional Features
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle
ahead”
“obstacle ahead! pull
up!”
“obstacle! obstacle!
pull up! pull up!”
Descent Rate
Hazard Avoidance
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain ahead”
Flight Planning
Alert
Severity
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
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4.3 TRAFFIC INFORMATION
TRAFFIC SOURCE
The GPSMAP 695/696 is compatible with two different traffic sources; TIS-A traffic
via a Garmin Mode S Transponder (GTX 330), or ADS-B/TIS-B traffic via a GDL 39.
When the GPSMAP 696 is configured with both a Mode S transponder capable of
receiving TIS-A traffic and a GDL 39 capable of receiving ADS-B/TIS-B traffic the
GPSMAP 695/696 will automatically switch between traffic sources. When both
options are configured, the Serial Pass-Through capabilities of the GDL 39 will need to
be configured, see Appendix D for configuration information. The following conditions
describe the traffic display logic.
•If the GTX is not receiving TIS-A traffic data, GDL 39 ADS-B traffic will be displayed.
•If the GDL 39 is receiving both air-to-air ADS-B traffic data and ground uplink
TIS-B traffic, then the GDL 39 ADS-B traffic will be displayed.
•If the GTX is receiving TIS-A traffic, and the GDL 39 is not receiving ground uplink
TIS-B traffic, then GTX TIS-A traffic will be displayed.
If more than one traffic source is configured, the current traffic source is annunciated
in the upper left hand corner of the Traffic Page (TRF).
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Source
Description
Appendices
Displaying TIS-A traffic from a Mode
S transponder.
Displaying ADS-B/TIS-B traffic from a
GDL 39
Index
Traffic Source Annunciation
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NOTE: Refer to Appendix E for general information regarding TIS-A. Refer to
Appendix D for configuration information.
SYSTEM STATUS
GPS Navigation
The GPSMAP 695/696 supports TIS-A input from a Garmin Mode S transponder,
such as the GTX 330.
Overview
TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE (TIS-A)
The traffic system status is annunciated in the upper right corner of the Map Page.
Flight Planning
System Status
Traffic Icon
Operating
Hazard Avoidance
No Traffic Data Available
If a Traffic Icon is not displayed, check the Map Page range and/or
theTraffic Display Range on the Map Set Up menu.
Traffic Modes
TIS-A SYMBOLOGY
Appendices
TIS-A traffic is shown on the GPSMAP 695/696 graphically shown on the Map Page,
and in the Traffic Warning Window. A Traffic Advisory (TA) symbol appears as a solid
yellow circle. All other traffic is shown as a hollow white diamond. Altitude deviation
from own aircraft altitude is shown above the target symbol if traffic is above own
aircraft altitude, and below the symbol if they are below own aircraft altitude. Altitude
trend is shown as an up arrow (>+500 ft/min), down arrow (<-500 ft/min), or no
symbol if less than 500 ft/min rate in either direction.
Additional Features
If a Traffic Icon is not displayed, check the Map Page Range and/or the Traffic Display
Range on the Map Setup Menu.
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
TIS-A Symbol
Description
Traffic Advisory (TA)
TIS-A Traffic Symbols
TIS-A ALERTS
A TIS-A audio alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
GPSMAP 695/696 screen increases from one scan to the next. Limiting Traffic Advisories
only reduces the “nuisance” alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the
first Traffic Advisories appear on the TIS-A display, the user is alerted audibly. So long
as a single aircraft remains on the TIS-A display, no further audio alert is generated. If
a second (or more) aircraft appears on the screen, a new audio alert is sounded.
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the TIS-A display decreases and then increases,
a new audio alert is sounded. The TIS-A audio alert is also generated whenever TIS-A
service becomes available. The following TIS-A audio alerts are available:
• “Traffic”—TIS-A traffic alert received.
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-A service is not available or out of range.
Adjusting alert volume:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Alert Volume’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired volume (0-10).
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Other Traffic
Index
6) Press the EXIT Softkey or FMS Joystick to exit.
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NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled when the aircraft ground speed
is less than 30 knots or when on the approach leg of a route.
Traffic ground track is indicated on the GPSMAP 695/696 screen by a “target track
vector,” a short line shown in 45-degree increments, extending in the direction of
target movement.
TIS-A traffic can be displayed on the Map Page.
Additional Features
Appendices
Setting up and customizing TIS-A traffic on the map page:
From the Map Page press the TRAFFIC Softkey to toggle traffic on/off.
Or:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘Map’ Category from the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘TRAFFIC DATA’ Field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each feature (On/Off,).
6) Using the FMS Joystick select the desired option and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page with the changed settings.
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying Traffic Data
Flight Planning
TRAFFIC GROUND TRACK
GPS Navigation
The system displays the Traffic Warning Window when the system issues a traffic
advisory (TA). The Traffic Warning Window shows a small pop-up map in the lower left
corner. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile. Press the CLR Key to remove the Traffic Warning Window.
Overview
TRAFFIC WARNING WINDOW
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Displaying TIS-A information using the Map Pointer:
1) With traffic displayed on the Map Page, press the FMS Joystick. The Map
Pointer is activated.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired traffic.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation using
Map Pointer
Additional Features
Traffic Ground
Track
Range Rings
Traffic Warning
Window
Index
Appendices
TIS-A (Map Page)
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Hazard Avoidance
1090 ES
UAT
RADAR
Composite
GPS
Additional Features
1090 ES
18,000 FT
10,000 FT
ATC
UAT
UAT
UAT
Appendices
RADAR
Mode A/C
Flight Planning
ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) is a surveillance technology
deployed across the United States as the cornerstone of the FAA’s Next Generation Air
Transportation System (NextGen). ADS-B enables improved surveillance services, both
air-to-air and air-to-ground, especially in areas where radar is ineffective due to terrain
or where it is impractical or cost prohibitive. Initial applications of air-to-air ADS-B are
for “advisory” use only, enhancing a pilot’s visual acquisition of other nearby ADS-B
equipped aircraft either when airborne or on the airport surface.
GPS Navigation
The GDL 39 is a receive-only data link radio with on-board GPS, 978 MHz (Universal
Access Transceiver frequency band), and 1090 MHz Extended Squitter (1090 ES)
receivers. It is designed to receive, process, and output traffic (ADS-B air-to-air, and
TIS-B traffic information), and weather (Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B))
information to the GPSMAP 695/696 through a power/data cable.
Overview
DATA LINK TRAFFIC (GDL 39)
1090 ES
ADS-B
Ground
Station
ADS-B System
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Index
For the purpose of distinguishing between levels of ADS-B service, there are three
classifications of aircraft or system capability; ADS-B In, ADS-B Out, and ADS-B
participating. ADS-B In refers to the capability to receive ADS-B information. ADS-B
Out refers to the capability to transmit ADS-B information. ADS-B participating refers
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
to the capability to both send and receive ADS-B information. Aircraft lacking either
ADS-In, ADS-B Out, or both ADS-B capabilities may also be referred to as ADS-B nonparticipating aircraft.
Currently, rule-compliant ADS-B Out capability in the United States requires a
TSO’ed SBAS-enabled GPS, such as a Garmin GPS 400W or similar, and one of two
possible data links: 1090 ES transponder or a 978 MHz UAT. Either data link system
is capable of transmitting the aircraft’s position, velocity, identification, and other
information every second to compatible aircraft and ground stations called Ground
Based Transceivers (GBTs).
Because 1090 ES transponders and UATs operate on different frequencies, aircraft
not similarly equipped cannot transmit/receive data link information directly to/from
each other. Instead, operation within range of a GBT is required to receive data link
information on both frequencies. The GDL 39 is unique in its ADS-B In capability since
it can receive data link information from both 1090 ES transponders and UATs.
Thus, the GDL 39 receives traffic information directly from any ADS-B Out aircraft
within range as well as the rebroadcast of ADS-B information from any nearby GBT.
This rebroadcast is called Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast (ADS-R) and
is automatically triggered by the detection of an ADS-B participating aircraft within the
service volume of the GBT. As a 978 MHz (UAT frequency) receiver, the GDL 39 can
receive both the Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B) and Flight Information
Service-Broadcast (FIS-B) provided in conjunction with ADS-R services when in range
of a GBT.
FIS-B service is provided continuously, but ADS-R including TIS-B will only be
broadcast by a GBT when an ADS-B participating aircraft is within the GBT’s defined
service volume. In this case, a GBT will only rebroadcast TIS-B information relative
to the ADS-B participating aircraft. Only traffic that is within 15 nm lateral
and 3,500’ vertical of the ADS-B participating aircraft is provided in the
broadcast. Non-participating traffic aircraft located farther than 15 nm laterally and
3,500’ vertically from the participating aircraft is are excluded from the information
transmitted by the GBT.
TIS-B traffic information includes non-participating aircraft detected by ATC
surveillance radar. As TIS-B data is derived from ATC surveillance radar data, TIS-B
traffic position updates typically occur every three to thirteen seconds. Therefore,
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GPS Navigation
Since the GDL 39 is a receive-only device, even when used onboard an aircraft
equipped with a qualifying GPS and 1090 ES transponder, a GBT may not identify it as
an ADS-B participating aircraft. The squitter of some 1090 ES transponders, including
the Garmin GTX 330, must be configured to communicate that the aircraft has 978
MHz receive capability in order to be identified as an ADS-B participating aircraft.
Overview
TIS-B traffic may be displayed with degraded positional accuracy. Aircraft
without operating transponders are invisible to TIS-B. Aircraft operating
outside of the ATC radar coverage area are also not displayed.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision
Flight Planning
avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision avoidance
resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or conditions, relieve the
pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to accurately
Additional Features
Viewing GDL 39 Traffic and Weather Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Data Link’ and press the ENT
Key.
Or
1) From the dedicated Traffic Page (TRF) or Weather Page (WX) select the
INFO Softkey.
Hazard Avoidance
depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack of equipment, poor signal
reception, and/or inaccurate information from aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be
present that is not represented on the display.
Appendices
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SYSTEM STATUS
The traffic system status is annunciated in the upper right corner of the Map Page.
System Status
Full traffic services available for an
ADS-B participating aircraft (ground
linked TIS-B, FIS-B and ADS-R, and
Air-to-Air ADS-B). If you are using
the GDL 39 on a non-participating
aircraft you may still see this when
you are within the service area of
any participating aircraft. As a nonparticipating aircraft you are only
receiving TIS-B traffic information for
traffic within 15 nm and 3,500’ of a
participating aircraft.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Limited traffic services available (may
be limited to Air-to-Air ADS-B)
No Traffic Data Available
ADS-B Traffic Modes
The GDL 39 also has a pressure altitude sensor to aid in displaying the relative
altitude of received traffic information. If the GDL 39 is used onboard a pressurized
aircraft, the pressure altitude sensor should be turned off.
Index
Appendices
Traffic Icon
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Description
Hazard Avoidance
Symbol
Flight Planning
ADS-B traffic operation is similar other traffic systems, but ADS-B adds additional
symbology. The symbols used to display ADS-B traffic are shown in the table below. The
traffic identifier and altitude are displayed below the traffic symbol. A small up or down
arrow next to the traffic symbol indicates that the traffic is climbing or descending at a
rate of at least 500 feet per minute. The vector line that extends from the traffic symbol
is an indication of the intruder aircraft track. For directional traffic symbols, the arrow
head points in the direction of aircraft’s ground track.
GPS Navigation
TRAFFIC DESCRIPTION
Overview
Configuring the GDL 39 for a Pressurized or Non-Pressurized
Aircraft:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Data Link’ and press the ENT
Key.
3) Select the SETUP Softkey.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select Aircraft Type (i.e., PRESSURIZED or
NOT PRESSURIZED).
5) Press the EXIT Softkey or FMS Joystick to exit.
Additional Features
Non-threat, non-directional airborne traffic
Non-threat directional airborne Traffic with track vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track.
Non-directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA). Proximity Advisories are
issued for any traffic within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Appendices
Directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA) with track vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track. Proximity Advisories are issued for any traffic
within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Non-directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA)
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Index
Non-directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Displayed at outer
range ring at proper bearing.
157
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA) with track vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track.
Directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Points in the direction of
the aircraft track.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
*Ground traffic without directional information. Ground traffic is only
displayed when own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Directional surface traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed when own
aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Non-directional non-aircraft ground traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed
when own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Directional non-aircraft ground traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed when
own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Ground traffic is only displayed on the Map Page when the aircraft is on the ground or below 1,500 feet
AGL. Ground traffic is always displayed on the dedicated traffic page.
ADS-B Traffic Symbology
Traffic Advisories (TA)
The GDL 39 automatically adjusts its Traffic Advisory (TA) sensitivity level to reduce
the likelihood of nuisance TA alerts during various phases of flight. TAs are issued for
traffic when they are predicted to be within a specified volume of airspace around your
aircraft in a specified amount of time. The protected volume and time interval varies
based on the current geodetic altitude and groundspeed. Thus, the protected volume
of airspace increases with altitude and ground speed. Refer to the following table for
details.
Altitude
(Geodetic)
Below 5,000
5,000-10,000
10,000-20,000
20,000-42,000
Above 42,000
Look Ahead
Time (sec.)
30
40
45
48
48
Vertical
Separation (ft.)
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-1,200
Horizontal
Separation (nm.)
.35
.55
.80
1.10
1.10
Traffic Advisories
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• “Traffic”—TIS-B/ADS-B traffic alert received.
Hazard Avoidance
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-B/ADS-B service is not available or out of range.
Flight Planning
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the traffic display decreases and then increases,
a new audio alert is sounded. The traffic audio alert is also generated whenever TIS-B
service becomes available. The traffic audio alerts are as follows:
GPS Navigation
A traffic audio alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
GPSMAP 695/696 display increases. Limiting Traffic Advisories only reduces the
“nuisance” alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the first Traffic
Advisories appear on the display, the user is alerted audibly. So long as a single
aircraft remains on the display, no further audio alert is generated. If a second (or
more) aircraft appears on the screen, a new audio alert is sounded. Traffic Advisories
can only be issued when the GDL 39 knows its own altitude and the altitude of the
intruder aircraft.
Overview
TRAFFIC ALERTS (ADS-B TIS-B)
Disabling/Enabling the traffic alerts:
NOTE: Traffic alerts are reset to ‘enabled’ on the next power cycle.
Appendices
Adjusting alert volume:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Sound’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Alert Volume’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired volume (0-10).
Additional Features
1) From the Traffic (TRF) Page press the DISABLE Softkey to enable/disable
traffic alerts.
6) Press the EXIT Softkey or FMS Joystick to exit.
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TRAFFIC WARNING WINDOW
The system displays the Traffic Warning Window when the GDL 39 issues a traffic
advisory (TA). The Traffic Warning Window is a small pop-up map in the lower left
corner. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile. Press the CLR Key to remove the Traffic Warning Window.
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
Traffic is displayed by default on the Map Page and in the Traffic Warning Window.
Traffic Symbol and Traffic Label (i.e., relative altitude, altitude trend and absolute
motion vectors) settings selects the maximum range at which traffic labels or symbols
are shown. Traffic Labels can also be turned off.
Enabling/disabling traffic data on the Map Page:
1) Press the TRAFFIC Softkey.
Or:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) If necessary, turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Traffic’ Category from
the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Traffic Data’.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘ON/OFF’ and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendices
Customizing traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) If necessary, turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Traffic’ Category from
the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Traffic Symbol’, or ‘Traffic Label’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘OFF’, ‘AUTO’ or range settings for Traffic
Symbol and Traffic Label, and press the ENT Key.
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Displaying Traffic information using the map pointer:
1) With traffic displayed on the Map Page, press the FMS Joystick. The Map
Pointer is activated.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired traffic.
GPS Navigation
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation using
Map Pointer
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Absolute
Motion
Vector
Additional Features
Traffic
Information
using Map
Pointer
Appendices
Traffic (Map Page)
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
DEDICATED TRAFFIC PAGE (TRF)
GPS Navigation
NOTE: Traffic alerts and altitude filters can only be changed on the dedicated
Traffic Page (TRF). If the Traffic Page (TRF) is configured off audio alerts are
enabled and the altitude filter is automatically set to ‘Normal’
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Displaying/Removing the Traffic Page:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘System Setup...’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Display’, and press the ENT
Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Traffic Page field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Show’ or ‘Hide’.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, the EXIT Softkey or the MENU Key to
return to the previous page.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Changing the altitude range:
1) On the Traffic Page, select the ALT MODE Softkey.
2) Press one of the following Softkeys:
• ABOVE: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
climb phase of flight. • NORMAL: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
enroute phase of flight.
• BELOW: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
descent phase of flight.
• UNREST (unrestricted): All traffic is displayed.
3) To return to the Traffic Page, press the BACK Softkey.
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Traffic
Source
Altitude/
Operating
Mode
Traffic
Advisory
GPS Navigation
Traffic Display
Range Rings
Proximity
Advisory (PA),
800’ above,
Climbing
Flight Planning
Surface
Traffic W/
Flight ID
Directional
Traffic, 3200
feet above
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic System
Status Receiving
Air-to-Air and
TIS-B Traffic
FLIGHT ID DISPLAY
The Flight IDs of other aircraft (when available) can be displayed on the Traffic Page.
When a Flight ID or call sign is received, it will appear below the corresponding traffic
symbol when enabled.
Appendices
Relative Altitude (in
this case 500 feet
above own aircraft)
Aircraft
Identification (tail
number or Flight
ID number)
Altitude Trend (up
arrow indicates
climbing, down
arrow indicates
descending)
Index
Traffic Absolute
Motion Vector
Example ADS-B Traffic Symbol
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Additional Features
Traffic Page (GDL 39)
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163
Hazard Avoidance
On the Traffic Page, press the FLT ID Softkey.
MOTION VECTORS
There are two pilot-selectable and mutually exclusive types of motion vectors, Absolute
and TargetTrend, which are differentiated by color and function. Absolute vectors are
white and indicate ground track as reported by the traffic. TargetTrend vectors are green
and indicate the flight path and position, relative to your aircraft, at which the traffic
will be after the passing of one of four predetermined look-ahead intervals. The end of
the TargetTrend vector indicates the traffic’s predicted location relative to your predicted
location at the end of the look-ahead time. For example, if traffic is ahead of you and
traveling along the same track but at a slower rate, the motion vector would point
opposite of its indicated direction of flight showing that you are overtaking the traffic.
Altitude/
Operating
Mode
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Enabling/Disabling Flight ID Display:
Additional Features
Traffic Display
Range Rings
Traffic's
Predicated
Relative Location
in 2 minutes
Appendices
Traffic's
Predicated
Relative Location
in 2 minutes
Index
Traffic System
Status Receiving
Air-to-Air
TragetTrend
Look-ahead
Time
Traffic Page TargetTrend (GDL 39)
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Hazard Avoidance
TargetTrend Look-ahead
30 seconds
60 seconds
2 minutes
5 minutes
GPS Navigation
TragetTrend Look-ahead
Enabling/Disabling TargetTrend:
On the Traffic Page, press the TREND Softkey.
Hazard Avoidance
Motion vector selection is made from the Traffic Page Menu by enabling/disabling
TargetTrend. Absolute vectors are selected by default and are replaced when TargetTrend
is enabled.
Flight Planning
Traffic Page Range Ring Settings
.5nm to 2nm
2nm to 6nm
6nm to 12nm
12nm to 40nm
Overview
The TargetTrend look-ahead time interval is automatically adjusted from 30 seconds to
five minutes and corresponds to the traffic display range setting. The greater the range
setting, the longer the time interval and vise versa. Refer to the table below for more
details.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Blank Page
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Additional Features
Overview
SECTION 5 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The following additional features are supported depending on the unit (Americas,
Atlantic, or Pacific).
GPS Navigation
NOTE: With the availability of electronic documents/charts (i.e., SafeTaxi,
Checklists, FliteCharts®, or ChartView (optional)), it is still advisable to carry
another source of charts on board the aircraft.
GPSMAP 695
Americas
GPSMAP 695
Atlantic
GPSMAP 695
Pacific
+
+
+
ChartView
+
+
+
+
FliteCharts®
+
+
SafeTaxi®
+
+
SiriusXM®
+
Electronic Checklists
+
+
+
+
Additional Features
+
Hazard Avoidance
Airport Directory Data
Feature
Flight Planning
GPSMAP 696
Unit
Additional Features
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Index
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when viewing airports
at close range. When viewing at ranges close enough to show the airport detail, the
map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, runway incursion “Hot Spot”,
and airport landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent
features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. The SafeTaxi feature can be seen
on the Map Page and the Waypoint Page
Appendices
5.1 SAFETAXI
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways
and runways, and/or complex ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution
pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional awareness confusion or runway
incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined by a red shaded area.
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways,
runways, and airport features. When panning over the airport, features such as runway
holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
Taxiway Identification
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
Aircraft
Position
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
SafeTaxi Depiction on the Map Page
Index
Appendices
Enabling/disabling SafeTaxi:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the Menu Key. The Map Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Airport’ Category from the
horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Safe Taxi’ Field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access the menu options.
6) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT
Key.
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Additional Features
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date, and Expiration date of the
database cycle can also be found in the Main Menu, under ‘Database Information’.
5.2 CHARTVIEW (OPTIONAL)
•Departure Procedures (DP)
•NOTAMs
Index
•Approaches
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Appendices
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data
includes:
•Arrivals (STAR)
•Airport Diagrams
Additional Features
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedure charts. The
MFD depiction displays the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of the
approach charts and on airport diagrams.
Hazard Avoidance
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR
navigation database residing within the GPSMAP 695/696 as a means of
navigating any instrument approach. The GPSMAP 695/696 VFR navigation
database is limited to present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of
a published procedure. These waypoints and associated course line are made
available for monitoring purposes only.
Flight Planning
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Appendix C for instructions
on updating the SafeTaxi database.
GPS Navigation
SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use
after the expiration date. When turning on the GPSMAP 695/696, the Power-up
Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not available. The
Power-up Page shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the SafeTaxi Expires date
is shown in white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the SafeTaxi Expires date
appears in yellow.
Overview
SAFETAXI CYCLE NUMBER AND REVISION
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169
The geo-referenced aircraft position is indicated by an aircraft symbol displayed on
the chart when the current position is within the boundaries of the chart. Inset boxes
are not considered within the chart boundaries. Therefore, when the aircraft symbol
reaches a chart boundary line, or inset box, the aircraft symbol is removed from the
display.
The figure below, shows examples of off-scale areas, indicated by the grey shading.
Note, the grey shading is for illustrative purposes only and will not appear on the
published chart or display. These off-scale areas appear on the chart to convey
supplemental information. However, the depicted geographical position of this
information, as it relates to the chart planview, is not the actual geographic position.
Therefore, when the aircraft symbol appears within one of these areas, the aircraft
position indicated is relative to the chart planview, not to the off-scale area.
Off-Scale
Area
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Appendices
Off-Scale
Areas
Index
Sample Chart Indicating Off-Scale Areas
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Additional Features
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
171
Hazard Avoidance
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Flight Planning
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GPS Navigation
Displaying ChartView:
1) With the Waypoint (WPT) Page displayed, press the CHART Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Airport Identifier Field and use the
FMS Joystick to begin entering the desired airport.
Or:
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Chart Field.
b) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a drop-down menu of available charts.
c) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired chart, and press
the ENT Key.
Or:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page (with a waypoint entered), press the SEL
APPR Softkey. The Select Approach Window is displayed.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Show Chart’, and press the ENT
Key. The selected chart is displayed.
4) Press the EXIT Softkey to return to the previous page.
Or:
1) From the Map Page or Active Flight Plan Page, use the Map Pointer
to highlight the desired airport and press the ENT Key. The Airport
Information Window is displayed.
2) Press the CHART Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a drop-down menu of available charts.
5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired chart, and press the
ENT Key.
Overview
ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a
period that extends from the cycle expiration date to the disable date. ChartView is
disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no longer available for viewing. When
turning on the system, the Power-up Page displays the current status of the ChartView
database.
When a terminal procedure chart is not available for the requested airport or there
is an error rendering the data, the banner “CHART NOT AVAILABLE” appears on
the screen. The “CHART NOT AVAILABLE” banner does not refer to the ChartView
subscription, but rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or
procedure for a selected airport.
Chart Not Available Banner
AIRCRAFT SYMBOL
The aircraft symbol is shown in magenta on the chart only if the chart is to scale
and the aircraft position is within the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is
not displayed when the Aircraft Symbol Not Shown Icon (X over the aircraft symbol)
appears in the lower right corner. The Aircraft Symbol Not Shown Icon may appear at
certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
Aircraft
Position on
Chart
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Appendices
Aircraft Symbol Displayed on Chart (Waypoint Page)
Aircraft Not Shown Icon (Waypoint Page)
Aircraft
Not Shown
Icon
Showing/Hiding the aircraft symbol on the chart:
Index
172
Press the CLR Key to show/hide the aircraft symbol. The Aircraft Symbol
Hidden Icon (circle with a line) is displayed in the lower right corner when
the aircraft symbol is hidden.
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Additional Features
Overview
Aircraft
Hidden
Icon
Aircraft Hidden Icon (Waypoint Page)
CHART RANGE
Use the down arrow on the RNG Key to zoom in (decreasing), or the up
arrow to zoom out (increasing). Move the FMS Joystick to scroll the chart
up, down, left, or right.
To quickly zoom all the way out, press the CHART Softkey. Press it again to
return to the previous range (only available from the Waypoint Page).
JEPPESEN DATABASE-PUBLISHED NOTAMS
available). There may be other NOTAMs available pertaining to the
flight that may not be displayed. Contact Jeppesen for more information
regarding Jeppesen database-published NOTAMs.
Additional Features
Recent NOTAMs applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the
ChartView database. If NOTAMs are available for the selected airport, a ‘Chart
NOTAMs’ option will be displayed at the bottom of the drop-down menu of available
charts. Select the ‘Chart NOTAMs’ option from the chart menu to display the applicable
NOTAM information.
Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: Only NOTAM data for the selected airport is shown (when
Flight Planning
Or:
GPS Navigation
Changing the chart range:
Appendices
Index
Drop-down Chart Menu
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Chart Notams
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173
5.3 FLITECHARTS®
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR
navigation database residing within the GPSMAP 695/696 as a means of
navigating any instrument approach. The GPSMAP 695/696 VFR navigation
database is limited to present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of
a published procedure. These waypoints and associated course line are made
available for monitoring purposes only.
FliteCharts® resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office
(NACO) terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and
in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts® database subscription is available from
Garmin. Available data includes:
•Arrivals (STAR)
•Airport Diagrams
•Departure Procedures (DP)
•Takeoff Minimums
•Approaches
•Alternate Minimums
The geo-referenced aircraft position is indicated by an aircraft symbol displayed on
the chart when the current position is within the boundaries of the chart. An aircraft
symbol may be displayed within an off-scale area depicted on some charts.
The figure below shows examples of off-scale areas, indicated by the grey shading.
Note, these areas are not shaded on the published chart. These off-scale areas appear
on the chart to convey supplemental information. However, the depicted geographical
position of this information, as it relates to the chart planview, is not the actual
geographic position. Therefore, when the aircraft symbol appears within one of these
areas, the aircraft position indicated is relative to the chart planview, not to the offscale area.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
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Additional Features
Overview
Off-Scale
Areas
GPS Navigation
Off-Scale
Area
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Off-Scale
Area
Appendices
Sample Chart Indicating Off-Scale Areas
NOTE: Do not maneuver the aircraft based solely upon the geo-referenced
aircraft symbol.
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Index
Additional Features
Off-Scale
Areas
Additional Features
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Displaying FliteCharts:
1) With the Waypoint (WPT) Page displayed, press the CHART Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Airport Identifier Field and use the
FMS Joystick to enter the desired airport.
Or:
a) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Chart Field.
b) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a drop-down menu of available charts.
c) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired chart, and press
the ENT Key.
Or:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page or the Select Approach Window, press the
MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Show Chart’, and press the ENT
Key. The selected chart is displayed.
3) Press the EXIT Softkey to return to the previous page.
Or:
1) From the Map Page or Active Flight Plan Page, use the Map Pointer
to highlight the desired airport and press the ENT Key. The Airport
Information Window is displayed.
2) Press the CHART Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a drop-down menu of available charts.
5) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired chart, and press the
ENT Key.
When a terminal procedure chart is not available for the requested airport or there
is an error rendering the data, the banner “CHART NOT AVAILABLE” appears on the
screen. The “CHART NOT AVAILABLE” banner does not refer to the FliteCharts®
subscription, but rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or
procedure for a selected airport.
Chart Not Available Banner
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Additional Features
Changing the chart range:
Or:
To quickly zoom all the way out, press the CHART Softkey. Press it again to
return to the previous range.
Airport Identifier
Field
GPS Navigation
Use the down arrow on the RNG Key to zoom in (decreasing), or the up
arrow to zoom out (increasing). Move the FMS Joystick to scroll the chart
up, down, left, or right.
Overview
CHART RANGE
Chart Field
Flight Planning
Available Approaches
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
FliteChart Softkey
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
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FliteCharts® (Waypoint (WPT) Page)
177
AIRCRAFT SYMBOL
The aircraft symbol is shown in magenta on the chart only if the chart is to scale and
the aircraft position is within the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not
displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears. The Aircraft Not Shown Icon may
appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
Aircraft
Position on
Chart
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Additional Features
Aircraft Symbol Displayed on Chart (Waypoint Page)
Index
Appendices
Aircraft Not Shown Icon (Waypoint Page)
Aircraft
Not Shown
Icon
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Additional Features
Overview
Scroll
Arrow
GPS Navigation
Hazard Avoidance
FliteCharts® (Zoomed Out)
Flight Planning
Scroll
Bar
FliteCharts® (Zoomed In)
FliteCharts® data is revised every 28 days. FliteCharts® do not expire and will remain
viewable after the expiration date. The Power-up Page indicates any of four different
possible criteria for chart availability. These indications are whether the databases are
not configured, not available, current, or out of date.
Additional Features
FLITECHARTS CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
Appendices
Index
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5.4 AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATA
The Airport Directory contains airport statistics such as pattern altitudes, noise
abatement information, FBO phone numbers, hours of operation, local attractions,
ground transportation, lodging, and services.
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
If the AOPA database is in use, the AOPA Softkey is displayed on the Waypoint
(WPT) Page. If another airport directory database is in use, such as AC-U-KWIK, the
DIRECTORY Softkey is displayed on the Waypoint (WPT) Page.
Viewing Airport Directory information:
From the Waypoint (WPT) Page, press the AOPA or DIRECTORY Softkey.
Or:
1) From any map highlight an airport using the Map Pointer, and press the
ENT Key. The Airport Information Window is displayed.
2) Press the AOPA or DIRECTORY Softkey.
3) To return to the map, press the ENT Key, the CLR Key, or the FMS Joystick.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Icon
Description
Restaurant on Field
Index
Self Serve Fuel
Courtesy Car
Airport Directory Service Icons
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Additional Features
Overview
Airport Identifier
Field
Service Icon
Scroll Bar
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Airport
Directory
Softkey
Airport Directory Information (Waypoint (WPT) Page)
Appendices
Index
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5.5 SiriusXM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (GPSMAP
696)
NOTE: SiriusXM Satellite Radio is only available with the GPSMAP 696.
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about SiriusXM
Weather products.
NOTE: You MUST have a GXM 40 smart antenna connected to your GPSMAP
696 and a subscription to SiriusXM Radio to use SiriusXM Radio features.
Additionally, you must use a third-party audio panel, headphones, or other
audio device.
NOTE: Audio interference can occur while using some audio panels. Use of a
Ground Loop Isolator can eliminate this interference.
SiriusXM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances
without having to constantly search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites,
coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions. SiriusXM Satellite Radio services are
subscription-based.
ACTIVATING SiriusXM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES
The service is activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a coded ID (Radio
ID).
SiriusXM Satellite Radio uses the Radio ID to send an activation signal that, when
received by the GXM 40, allows it to play entertainment programming.
Index
Refer to the GXM 40 Owner’s Manual for more information on activating SiriusXM
Satellite Radio.
Accessing the Radio ID:
From the XM Audio Page press the INFO Softkey.
Or:
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Additional Features
From the XM Audio Page select Channel ‘0’ in the ‘All Channels’ Category.
Overview
Or:
1) From the WX Page press the MENU Key to display the WX Page Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Weather Products’ and press
the ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
Radio ID
Flight Planning
Weather
Products
Window
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
XM Information Page
The XM Audio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
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Index
Selecting the XM Audio Page:
1) Press the FMS Joystick to interact with the page navigation bar.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the XM Audio Page.
Appendices
USING SiriusXM RADIO
183
Additional Features
Overview
Categories
Channels
GPS Navigation
Selected Channel
Flight Planning
Active Channel
Signal Strength
Volume
XM Audio Page
CATEGORY
The Category Field of the XM Audio Page cycles through a horizontal list of categories
such as jazz, rock, or news.
Selecting a category:
1) Select the CATEGORY Softkey on the XM Audio Page. The Category Field
is highlighted.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Active Channel:
-Artist Name
-Song Title
-Category
-Channel
Category Field
Index
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired category.
Or:
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Additional Features
Overview
1) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor. Move the FMS Joystick to
highlight the Category Field (if necessary).
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired category.
Press and hold the CATEGORY Softkey to view the ‘All Channels’ Category.
The Channels List of the XM Audio Page shows a list of the available channels for the
selected category. The currently selected channel will flash blue. The Active Channel
is denoted by an arrow.
Flight Planning
Arrow
Active Channel
185
Index
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Appendices
Selecting a channel:
1) From the XM Audio Page, press the CHANNEL Softkey. The Channel Field
is highlighted.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired channel and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
1) Press the FMS Joystick. Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the Channel
Field (if necessary).
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired channel and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
Additional Features
Now Playing Box
Hazard Avoidance
The Now Playing Box displays the currently selected channel, signal strength, and
volume.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
GPS Navigation
ACTIVE CHANNEL AND CHANNEL LIST
Additional Features
Overview
1) From the XM Audio Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Enter Channel’ and press the
ENT Key.
USING FAVORITES
Favorites is a customized category of up to 30 of your SiriusXM Radio favorites.
To add a channel to Favorites:
1) With the favorites channel selected, press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Add To Favorites’ selected, press the ENT Key.
3) With ‘Yes’ selected, press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to enter the desired channel and press the ENT or
CLR Key.
Additional Features
Adding a Channel to Favorites
Index
Appendices
Selecting Favorites:
1) Select the FAVORITE Softkey on the XM Audio Page. The Favorites
category is displayed.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired channel and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
1) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor. Move the FMS Joystick to
highlight the Category Field (if necessary).
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the Favorites category.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to select the desired channel and press the ENT
Key.
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Additional Features
Radio volume is shown in the Now Playing Box.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Muting SiriusXM Audio:
1) With the XM Audio Page displayed, select the VOLUME Softkey.
2) Select the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Select the MUTE Softkey
again to unmute the audio.
Or:
Press and hold the VOLUME Softkey to mute and unmute the audio.
Flight Planning
Adjusting the volume:
1) With the XM Audio Page displayed, select the VOLUME Softkey.
2) Select the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or select the VOL + Softkey to
increase volume.
Or:
Turn the FMS Joystick ‘right’ to increase the volume or ‘left’ to decrease the
volume.
GPS Navigation
VOLUME
Overview
To delete a channel from Favorites:
1) With the Favorites channel selected, press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Delete Favorite’ selected, press the ENT Key.
Or:
Highlight ‘Delete All Favorites’ and press the ENT Key to delete all channels
from the Favorites list.
Appendices
Volume Control
Index
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SHOW/HIDE THE XM AUDIO PAGE
The XM Audio and WX Pages can be hidden from view.
Showing/Hiding the XM Audio Page:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Select ‘System Setup’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Select ‘Display’ and press the ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to the ‘XM Audio & WX Pages’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘Hide’ or ‘Show’ and press the ENT Key, the
CLR Key, or the FMS Joystick.
5.6 ELECTRONIC CHECKLISTS
NOTE: The information described in this section is not intended to replace the
checklist information described in the AFM.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
NOTE: Garmin does not create, modify, or update GPSMAP 695/696 checklists
and thus cannot be responsible for the availability and/or content.
NOTE: Checklists cannot be edited from within the unit.
The GPSMAP 695/696 is capable of displaying checklists (if available from the
aircraft manufacturer) which allow a pilot to quickly find the proper procedure on the
ground and during each phase of flight. The GPSMAP 695/696 accesses the checklist
file (*.ace) from the root directory (/*.ace) of the SD card. If a checklist file is available
on the SD card, the ‘Checklists’ Main Menu Option will appear.
5.7 FLIGHT DATA LOGGING
The flight data logging feature automatically stores flight data to an SD card. Data
is recorded to the SD card every second. A data file is created each time the system is
powered on with an SD card inserted, or each time an SD card is inserted after power
on. A 2 GB SD card can store over 1,000 hours of flight data or up to 1,000 files
(whichever comes first). The data files stored on the SD card have an extension of .csv.
This file format can be opened using a spread sheet application on a personal computer.
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Appendix A
Overview
SECTION 6 APPENDICES
MESSAGES, ALERTS & DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Message
Antenna Shorted to Ground
Approaching VNAV Profile
Database Error
Lost Satellite Reception
Memory Full
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Index
Near Proximity Point
Appendices
Fuel Tank
Additional Features
Check XM Antenna
Hazard Avoidance
Arriving at XXX
Battery Low
Can’t Unlock Maps
Flight Planning
Approaching Target Altitude
Comments
The external GPS antenna has an electrical
connection problem. Contact Garmin Product
Support.
Within 1,000 feet of final VNAV target
altitude.
The aircraft is within one minute of reaching
the initial VNAV decent point.
The aircraft is nearing the destination.
The battery needs to be recharged.
No applicable unlock code for one or more
maps was found. All MapSource maps are not
accessible.
Internal problem with your GXM 40 antenna.
Contact Garmin Product Support.
Internal problem with the unit. Contact your
dealer or Garmin Product Support to have the
unit repaired.
A reminder for switching fuel tanks. The
reminder message repeats at the specified
interval after the beginning of each trip.
The unit is unable to receive satellite signals.
Unit memory is full, no further data can be
saved.
You have reached the distance set for a
proximity waypoint.
GPS Navigation
SYSTEM MESSAGES
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix A
Message
Next DTK XXX
No XM Signal
Proximity Memory Full
Proximity Radius Overlaps
Route Already Exists
Route Memory Full
Route Truncated
Route Waypoint Memory Full
Saving XM Program Information
Steep Turn
Track Already Exists
Track Log Full
Index
Appendices
Track Memory Full
Track Truncated
Transfer Complete
VNAV Cancelled
Waypoint Already Exists
190
Comments
The aircraft is nearing a turn in a route.
The GXM 40 antenna is not receiving a
SiriusXM signal.
No additional proximity waypoints can be
saved.
The radii of two proximity waypoints overlap.
A route with the same name already exists.
No additional routes can be saved.
Uploaded route from another device has more
than 300 waypoints.
No additional route waypoints can be saved.
A SiriusXM Radio channel lineup change has
occured and the unit is saving the channel
lineup to memory.
Approaching a turn that requires a bank angle
in excess of 25 degrees to stay on course.
A saved track with the same name already
exists.
The track log is full and track recording was
turned off. To record more track points, you
need to clear the track log and turn track
recording on.
No more track data can be stored. Delete the
old track data to store the new data.
A complete uploaded track will not fit in
memory. The oldest track log points have been
deleted.
Data Transfer was completed.
VNAV function has been cancelled due to a
change in the active route.
A waypoint with the same name already exists.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Appendix A
Comments
The unit has stored the maximum number of
waypoints.
The unit is unable to communicate with the
GXM 40.
XM Antenna Not Responding
Overview
Message
Waypoint Memory Full
AURAL ALERTS
Additional Features
TRAFFIC
• “Traffic”—TIS-A traffic alert received.
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-A service is not available or out of range.
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
191
Index
The following aural terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependant on
the sensitivity level set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Appendices
TERRAIN
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Hazard Avoidance
Airspace Ahead, Within 10
Minutes
Airspace Near, Within 2 nm
Comments
Inside the boundaries of the airspace.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace
and your current course takes you inside the
airspace.
The projected course takes you inside an
airspace within the next 10 minutes or less.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not
projected to enter it.
Flight Planning
Message
Inside Airspace
Airspace Near and Ahead
GPS Navigation
AIRSPACE MESSAGES
Overview
Appendix A
Alert
Severity
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Caution
Terrain
Obstacle
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain ahead”
“terrain ahead! pull up!”
Warning “terrain! terrain! pull up!
pull up!”
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle
ahead”
“obstacle ahead! pull
up!”
“obstacle! obstacle!
pull up! pull up!”
Descent Rate
“caution, sink rate”
“sink rate, pull up!”
“pull up!”
Aural Alerts
DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Data Field Option
Accuracy
Altitude
Battery
Bearing (BRG)
Course to Steer (CTS)
Crosstrack Error (XTK)
Desired Track (DTK)
Distance (Destination) (DIST
DEST)
Distance (Next) (DIST NEXT)
192
Definition
The current accuracy of the GPS determined
location.
The current altitude in geometric height above
Mean Sea Level (MSL).
The current battery level.
The compass direction from the present position
to a destination waypoint.
The recommended direction to steer in order
to reduce cross-track error and return to the
course line.
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course
in either direction, left or right.
The desired course between the active “from”
and “to” waypoints.
The distance to the destination waypoint in the
Active Flight Plan.
The distance to the next waypoint in the Active
Flight Plan.
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Appendix A
Estimated Time En Route (Next)
(ETE NEXT)
Estimated Time to VNAV (VNAV
TIME)
Flight Timer (FLT TIMER)
Fuel Tank Timer (FUEL TIMER)
Ground Speed (GS)
Ground Track (TRK)
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Index
Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
Appendices
Glide Ratio (G/R)
Additional Features
External Voltage (EXT VOLTS)
Hazard Avoidance
Estimated Time of Arrival (Next)
(ETA NEXT)
Flight Planning
Estimated Time of Arrival
(Destination) (ETA DEST)
GPS Navigation
Estimated Time En Route
(Destination) (ETE DEST)
Definition
The recommended minimum altitude within ten
miles left or right of the desired course on a
active flight plan or direct-to.
The estimated time it takes to reach the
destination waypoint from the present position,
based upon current ground speed.
The estimated time it takes to reach the next
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the destination waypoint, based upon
current speed and track.
The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the next waypoint, based upon current
speed and track.
The estimated time it takes to reach the VNAV
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
Voltage on the external power input (cigerette
lighter receptacle).
Total time in-flight (HH:MM).
Elapsed time since the Fuel Tank Reminder
Alarm was last issued (HH:MM).
The estimated distance an aircraft will move
forward for any given amount of lost altitude.
The velocity that the aircraft is traveling relative
to a ground position.
The direction of aircraft movement relative to a
ground position.
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude
within ten miles of the aircraft’s present
position.
Overview
Data Field Option
En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
Overview
Appendix A
Data Field Option
Next Waypoint (NEXT WPT)
Sunset
Time (UTC)
Time of Day (TIME)
Vertical Speed (VS)
Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
Weather (Altimeter) (WX ALTIM)
Weather (Dew Point) (WX DEW
PT)
Weather (Rel. Humidity) (WX
HUMIDITY)
Weather (Temperature) (WX
TEMP)
Weather (Wind) (WX WIND)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Sunrise
Definition
The next waypoint in the flight plan or direct-to
route.
The time at which the sun rises on this day
(current location).
The time at which the sun sets on this day
(current location).
The current time and date in Universal (UTC)
time.
The current time and date in 12-hour or 24hour format.
The rate of climb or descent (GPS-derived).
The vertical speed necessary to descend/climb
from the current position and altitude to the
previously selected VNAV position and altitude,
based upon current ground speed.
The altimeter setting at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
The dew point at the nearest weather reporting
station.
The relative humidity at the nearest weather
reporting station.
The temperature at the nearest weather
reporting station.
The wind speed and direction at the nearest
weather reporting station.
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Appendix B
Overview
ABNORMAL OPERATION
RESETTING THE UNIT
GPS Navigation
To reset the unit:
Remove the power source and restart the unit.
Or:
Hold down the #1 Softkey, #5 Softkey, and zoom out using the RNG Key.
When the GPSMAP 695/696 loses the GPS signal for any reason, the following
will occur:
•A blinking red question mark will appear over the airplane icon on the map.
Hazard Avoidance
•The ‘Lost Satellite Reception’ message will display.
Flight Planning
LOSS OF GPS POSITION
•Any GPS dependent data fields will not be available.
Additional Features
Appendices
GPS Signal Lost
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HAZARD DISPLAY WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
If the Terrain Page doesn’t have at least a 3D fix (i.e. altitude unknown), a
Red X will be displayed.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix B
Index
Appendices
Terrain Page Red X
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Appendix C
Overview
SD CARD USE AND DATABASES
SD CARD USE
MAPSOURCE DETAILED MAPS
The included USB Interface Cable is used to transfer MapSource® CD-ROM data to
the optional SD Card.
INSTALLING AND REMOVING SD CARDS
SD Cards are not waterproof. They should not be exposed to moisture or excessive
static charges, and should be stored in the case supplied with the card.
SD Card Slot
Additional Features
You can load a variety of information on your SD Card, such as MapSource detailed
maps in a MapSource program. You can buy pre-programmed SD Cards to use with
your GPSMAP 695/696.
Hazard Avoidance
Install the SD Card in the slot located on the top, left side of the unit. Install or
remove the SD Card at any time, whether the unit is on or off.
Flight Planning
For compatible MapSource® products, refer to the Garmin web site at www.garmin.
com/cartography.
GPS Navigation
The GPSMAP 695/696 uses an optional SD Card for storing MapSource® data and
user-downloaded vehicles.
Appendices
Index
GPSMAP 695/696 SD Card Slot
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Appendix C
If you insert an SD Card and get a card format not recognized message, try removing
the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact Garmin Product
Support or your Garmin dealer.
Removing an SD Card:
1) Push the card into the unit until it stops.
2) Release the card. The card should eject for easy removal.
3) With the card ejected, pull the card out of the slot.
GPSMAP 695/696 DATABASES
The following databases are included with the GPSMAP® 695/696 depending on the
unit (Americas, Atlantic, or Pacific). See the Additional Feature section for information
on AOPA Airport Directory, AC-U-KWIK Airport Directory, FliteCharts®, Chartview, and
SafeTaxi®. See the Hazard Avoidance section for information on Obstacles and Terrain.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Installing an SD Card:
1) Insert the card into the slot on the top, left side of the unit. Be sure the
label is facing the front of the unit.
2) Firmly push the card into the unit. It is not necessary to force the card. The
handle is still exposed when it is properly inserted.
3) The unit takes a few seconds to read the card. When the data card has
been properly installed and accepted, a summary screen noting the card
details appears. Press ENT Key to acknowledge.
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Atlantic Unit
Pacific Unit
+
+
+
+
+
Jeppesen® Navigation Database
+
FliteCharts®
+
SafeTaxi®
+
Obstacle
+
+
Terrain
+
+
Flight Planning
AOPA Airport Directory
GPS Navigation
+
Worldwide Basemap
Overview
Database
Americas Unit
Appendix C
+
BASEMAP
AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATABASES
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199
Index
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
Appendices
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Additional Features
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as
river, lakes, and towns. It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is
no expiration date.
Hazard Avoidance
Databases
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
Navigation Database
The GPSMAP 695/696 includes an internal navigation database that provides
location and facility information for thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs, and more.
Updates to the navigation database are available every 28 days online (www.fly.
garmin.com). There are two navigation database products available: the Jeppesen
Navigation Database, which is sourced by Jeppesen, and the US VFR Navigation
Database sourced by AeroNav Products, a division of the FAA. The update program is
designed to operate on Windows®-compatible PCs and requires the included USB cable
to connect your GPSMAP 695/696 to the PC’s USB port. The following information is
provided from the internal navigation database:
NOTE: Although the Jeppesen Navigation Database and the US VFR Navigation
Database contain much of the same information, pilots may notice differences
in behavior, nearest list functionality, direct-to functionality, and map page
display due to data content variations. The US VFR Navigation Database, by
AeroNav Products, does not contain any approach data.
•*Airport—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, latitude/longitude, field
elevation, available fuel types, runway designations and layout, runway surface,
runway length, runway width, runway lighting, communication frequencies, and
published approaches (Jeppesen Navigation Database only).
•Weather—frequencies associated with an airport (ASOS, ATIS, and AWOS).
•*VORs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
frequency, service volume (high, low, terminal), and type (such as VOR-DME,
TACAN, and VORTAC).
•*NDBs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
and frequency.
•Intersections—identifier, nearest VOR, radial and distance from nearest VOR,
location (latitude/longitude), and region/country.
•ARTCC—Air Route Traffic Control Centers.
•Airspace—boundaries (Class B, Class C, Control Zones, SUAs, and MOAs),
controlling agency, and vertical boundaries.
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Appendix C
•FSS—Flight Service Stations.
GPS Navigation
NOTE: After performing a navigation database update, verify all flight plan(s)
(routes) are current. If there is an obsolete aviation point in a saved route, the
route is locked and unusable. A new route with current navigation database
points will need to be created.
Overview
* Symbology used for NDBs, VORs, and airports is consistent with those used on a
sectional chart.
FLITECHARTS®
CHARTVIEW (OPTIONAL)
OBSTACLE
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Index
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a
potential hazard to aircraft. Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle
database. It is very important to note that not all obstacles are necessarily charted and
therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is updated on
a 56-day cycle.
Appendices
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams aid in following ground control instructions by accurately displaying
the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and
services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
Additional Features
SAFETAXI
Hazard Avoidance
ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a
period that extends from the cycle expiration date to the disable date. ChartView is
disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no longer available for viewing. The
ChartView database is always on the SD Card and is not copied to the unit’s internal
memory.
Flight Planning
The FliteCharts® database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This
database is updated on a 28-day cycle.
Appendix C
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
The terrain database is updated periodically and has no expiration date.
UPDATING GPSMAP 695/696 DATABASES
The GPSMAP 695/696 database updates can be obtained by visiting the ‘flyGarmin’
website (www.fly.garmin.com). The ‘flyGarmin’ website requires the unit’s ID to
update databases. This allows the databases to be encrypted with the unit’s unique ID
when copied to the SD Card.
Obtaining the Unit ID:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Select ‘System Setup’ and press the ENT Key.
System Setup Page
Or:
Select ‘Database Information’ and press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
TERRAIN
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Appendix C
Unit ID
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Database Information Page
Updating GPSMAP 695/696 Databases:
Equipment required to perform the update:
Hazard Avoidance
•Windows-compatible PC computer (Windows 2000 or XP recommended)
•Verbatim 96504 SD Card Reader or equivalent
•Updated database obtained from the flyGarmin website
1) After the data has been copied to the SD Card, insert the SD card in the SD
card slot of the unit.
Appendices
2) Power on the unit. The Update Databases Page is displayed. A green
checkbox indicates that the database currently installed on the GPSMAP
695/696 is up to date. An empty checkbox indicates that the database on
the SD card is more current and should be installed.
Additional Features
•SD Card, 2 GB recommended (Garmin recommends Verbatim 96504)
Index
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203
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
3) With ‘Update All’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The database status is
updated.
Update Databases Page
Or:
Move the FMS Joystick to highlight a single database to update, and press
the ENT Key. The database status is updated.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Update Databases Page
Index
Update Databases Page
(Database Status Updated)
4) Press the RESTART Softkey. Once the database(s) have been successfully
updated, the SD Card can be removed from the unit.
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Appendix C
Overview
Update Databases Page
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Importing flight plans:
1) With a flight plan saved to the SD Card, press the FPL Key and turn the
FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List Page.
2) Press the IMPORT Softkey.
3) Using the FMS Joystick highlight the desired flight plan to import.
4) Press the IMPORT Softkey and press the ENT Key.
Or: Press Menu and with ‘Import Flight Plan’ highlighted press ENT.
Additional Features
IMPORTING/EXPORTING FLIGHT PLANS
Hazard Avoidance
Exporting User Waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘User Waypoints’ from the Main
Menu, and press the ENT Key.
3) With an SD card inserted, press the Menu Key.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Export Waypoints’ from the Option
Menu, and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Exporting a track log:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Using the FMS Joystick highlight the desired track log to export.
4) With an SD card inserted, press the EXPORT Softkey.
GPS Navigation
EXPORTING TRACK LOGS AND USER WAYPOINTS
205
Appendix C
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Exporting flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the FMS Joystick to display the Flight Plan List
Page.
2) Press the FMS Joystick to activate the cursor, and turn or move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the EXPORT Softkey and press the ENT Key.
Or: Press Menu and with ‘Export Flight Plan’ highlighted press ENT.
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Appendix D
Overview
INSTALLATION & INTERFACING INFORMATION
CONNECTING THE POWER/DATA CABLE
Flight Planning
Ground (Black)
Data In (Yellow)
Hazard Avoidance
Data Out (Blue)
Power (Red)
Power/Data Connector on the GPSMAP 695/696 Unit
Additional Features
Power (Red)
Data In (Yellow)
Ground (Black)
GPS Navigation
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 695/696 to an 9-40 VDC system
and provides interface capabilities for connecting external devices. The color code
in the diagram below and to the right indicates the appropriate harness connections.
Replacement fuse is 4 Amp.
Data Out (Blue)
Appendices
Power/Data Connector on the Cable
Index
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207
Overview
Appendix D
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Power/Data
Connector
Power (Red)
Bare Wire Power/Data Cable for the GPSMAP 695/696 Unit
Data In (Yellow)
Data Out (Blue)
Ground (Black)
CONNECTING TO A GARMIN VHF COMM RADIO
The GPSMAP 695/696 can also output frequency data to a Garmin aviation radio.
Currently the two models supported are the SL30 nav/comm and the SL40 comm.
NOTE: For additional information refer to the SL30 nav/comm or the SL40
comm installation manual.
NOTE: This interface does not have an FAA installation airworthiness approval.
If any abnormalities with SL 30/40 tuning or operation are encountered,
disconnect the GPSMAP 695/696 from the SL 30/40 tuning interface.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
GPSMAP 695/696 and Power/Data Connector
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Appendix D
Overview
GPS Navigation
Output frequency data to an SL40/SL30 nav/comm radio:
1) Connect the Data Out pin on the GPSMAP 695/696 to the RxD pin on the
comm radio. (You do not need to connect the comm radio to the GPSMAP
695/696’s Data In pin.)
2) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
3) Select ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key.
4) Select ‘Interface’ and press the ENT Key.
5) With the Serial Data Format field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select ‘GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out’ or ‘Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out’.
These comm modes send both NMEA data and VHF frequency information.
Flight Planning
The following features are now available on the radio:
•Remote frequency lists for departure, enroute, and arrival airports.
•Nearest VOR frequencies (SL30 only).
CONNECTING TO A COMPUTER
Your GPSMAP 695/696 can be connected to your computer using the included USBPC Interface Cable to connect to a USB data port.
Appendices
Connecting to a computer:
1) Connect the small end of your cable to the connector on the left side of the
GPSMAP 695/696.
2) When using the supplied USB Data Cable, connect the larger end of the
cable to an available USB data port.
Additional Features
Selecting a standby comm frequency:
1) Enter an airport identifier on the Waypoint Page.
2) Move the FMS Joystick to the ‘Frequencies’ Box.
3) With the desired frequency selected, press the ENT Key. The frequency is
now tuned in standby.
Hazard Avoidance
The GPSMAP 695/696 can also directly tune a standby frequency.
Index
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INFORMATION ABOUT USB DRIVERS
When connecting the GPSMAP 695/696 to a USB port, the computer prompts you to
locate the destination of the drivers for the device (a USB drivers CD is included). Only
install the drivers once. After the drivers are installed, your computer always detects
your GPSMAP 695/696 when it is connected. USB driver updates can be found at
www.garmin.com.
USING XIMAGE FOR CUSTOMIZED WAYPOINT SYMBOLS
xImage allows you to exchange images between your PC and your GPSMAP 695/696.
You can download and save screen shots of any screen shown on your unit. xImage
also allows you to download customized splash screens and waypoint symbols from
compatible GPS units, customize them (if you have an image editing program on your
PC), and send them back to your GPS unit.
You can download xImage from the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com/ximage.
Refer to the help file for complete instructions about using xImage.
CONNECTING THE GXM 40 ANTENNA (GPSMAP 696)
Connect the GXM 40 antenna to the GPSMAP 696 to access SiriusXM Satellite
Weather and SiriusXM Radio. For more information about the GXM 40 antenna, see
the GXM 40 Owner’s Manual.
NOTE: You must subscribe to SiriusXM Radio and/or SiriusXM WX
Satellite Weather to use the SiriusXM Radio and/or SiriusXM Weather
features on your GPSMAP 696.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix D
Index
Connecting the GXM 40 antenna:
1) Position the antenna where it has a clear view of the sky. This can be on
the outside of the vehicle or behind the windscreen.
2) Plug the GXM 40 cable into the USB port on the left side of the unit, as
shown in the following illustrations.
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Appendix D
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
GXM 40 Antenna
INTERFACING
The GPSMAP 695/696 also includes NMEA input with support for the BWC, DBT,
DPT, MTW, VHW, VTG, and XTE sentences.
GENERAL INTERFACE SETUP
Appendices
Garmin’s proprietary communication protocol is available from the Web site (www.
garmin.com).
Additional Features
The following are the Approved Sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.01 output:
GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBOD, GPRTE, and GPWPL. The following
are the Proprietary Sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.01 output: PGRME, PGRMZ,
PGRMM, and PGRMH.
Hazard Avoidance
The following formats are supported for connection of external devices: NMEA 0180,
0182, 0183 (versions 1.5, 2.0, 2.3, 3.01), ASCII Text Output, and Garmin proprietary
formats for connecting to a Mode S transponder for TIS-A data, and to a Garmin
aviation NAV/COM radio.
The Interface Setup controls the input/output format used when connecting the unit
to external devices.
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Index
Selecting an interface:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to select the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘System Setup’, and press the ENT
Key.
Appendix D
Overview
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Interface’, and press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
4) With the Serial Data Format field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select the desired Serial Data Format.
Interface Setup (Main Menu)
Serial Data Formats
• Garmin Data Transfer—the proprietary format used to exchange data with a PC,
Garmin GDL 39, or another Garmin GPSMAP 695/696.
• NMEA In/NMEA Out—transmits NMEA position, velocity, and navigation data.
• Aviation In—the proprietary format used for connection to a Garmin panelmounted GPS receiver. This eliminates the need to enter the destination on both
units.
• Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out—receives aviation data and transmits out both
NMEA data, at 9600 baud, and VHF frequency tuning information to a Garmin
Nav/Comm radio.
• GTX TIS-A In—receives TIS-A data from a Garmin Mode S transponder or other
compatible device.
• GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out—receives TIS-A data and transmits out both
NMEA data, at 9600 baud, and VHF frequency tuning information to a Garmin
Nav/Comm radio.
• None—provides no interfacing capabilities.
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Appendix D
6) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘Normal’ or ‘Fast’.
NMEA Sentence Output:
•Fast Mode: GPRMB, GPRMC, PGRMZ, and PGRMH.
CONNECTING TO A GTX 330 MODE S TRANSPONDER
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Index
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Appendices
To receive Mode S TIS-A traffic data from a GTX 330 transponder on your GPSMAP
695/696, connect an available RS-232 OUT pin on the transponder to the Data In pin
on the GPSMAP 695/696. (You do not need to connect the transponder to the GPSMAP
695/696’s Data Out pin.) Then, set the corresponding RS-232 output configuration on
the transponder to REMOTE + TIS-A and set the GPSMAP 695/696’s Serial Data Format
to GTX TIS-A In or GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out (refer to the Interfacing section). For
more information, see Appendix E and the GTX 330 Transponder Installation Manual.
Additional Features
•Normal Mode: GPRMB, GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBWC,
GPVTG, GPXTE, GPBOD, GPRTE, GPWPL, GPAPB, PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM,
and PGRMH.
Hazard Avoidance
5) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘NMEA Output Mode’ field.
Flight Planning
Setting NMEA output mode:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to select the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘System Setup’, and press the ENT
Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Interface’, and press the ENT Key.
4) With the ‘Serial Data Format’ field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select ‘NMEA In/Out’.
GPS Navigation
If interfacing the GPSMAP 695/696 with another piece of equipment (such as an
autopilot), the unit needs to be set to output NMEA data. If the NMEA output mode is
set to ‘Fast’, the unit will output a minimum number of NMEA sentences at 1-second
intervals. If the NMEA output is set to ‘Normal’, the unit will output a greater number
NMEA sentences as 2-second intervals.
Overview
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
CONNECTING TO A GDL 39
To receive weather and traffic information from the GDL 39, the GDL 39 must be
connected to the GPSMAP 695/696 using the ‘GDL 39 Power/Data Cable to GPSMAP
695/696’ (P/N 010-11686-10) or through a GDL 39 bare wire cable (P/N 010-1168640) installation. The GPSMAP 695/696 must also be configured correctly to receive
traffic and weather information from the GDL 39 as described below.
Configuring GPSMAP 695/696 for GDL 39:
1) Connect the GPSMAP 695/696 to the GDL 39 through the Power/Data
Cable or bare wire.
2) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix D
3) Select ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key.
4) Select ‘Interface’ and press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
5) With the Serial Data Format field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’.
Additional Features
To GDL 39 Power/
Data Port
Index
Appendices
GDL 39 Power/Data Cable to GPSMAP 695/696
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Appendix D
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
GDL 39 Interface Setup
Appendices
Viewing GDL 39 Connection/Update Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Data Link Information’ and
press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) From the Weather Page, press the INFO Softkey.
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Index
CAUTION: Never remove power from the GPSMAP 695/696 or GDL 39 during a
software update. Anytime the GPSMAP 695/696 software is updated it may also
contain firmware updates for products such as the GDL 39. The GPSMAP 695/696
software will update first, after the unit reboots it will update the firmware of a
connected GDL 39. You can view the GDL 39 update progress on the Data Link
Information Page.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix D
GDL 39 Update Status
GDL 39 SERIAL PASS-THROUGH
NOTE: Serial Pass-Through is only available on a bare wire installation.
The GDL 39 is capable of passing serial data from the GPSMAP 695/696 to an
additional serial device. The GPSMAP 695/696 should be connected to channel A
(Green, White/Green wires) on the GDL 39. To utilize the serial pass-through capability
of the GDL 39, connect an additional serial device to GDL 39 channel B (Orange,
White/Orange wires) and configure the serial pass-through format on the GPSMAP
695/696. On the Interface Setup Page, the following serial formats are available for
GDL 39 Pass-Through:
• NMEA Out
• Aviation In
• Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out
• GTX TIS-A In
Index
• GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out.
• None
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Appendix D
Configuring aera and GDL 39 for Serial Pass-Through:
Overview
1) Connect the GPSMAP 695/696 to the GDL 39 through bare wire
installation.
2) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
3) Select ‘System Setup...’ and press the ENT Key.
5) With the Serial Data Format field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’.
7) If using one of the three options that includes NMEA, move the FMS
Joystick to highlight the ‘NMEA Output Mode’ field.
Hazard Avoidance
8) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘Normal’ or ‘Fast’.
Red
Black
GDL 39 Bare
Wire Cable
Gray
GPSMAP Tx
GDL 39 RxA
GPSMAP Rx
GDL 39 TxA
Blue
Black
Red
Green
GDL 39 TxB
GDL 39 RxB
Additional
Serial
Device Rx
Additional
Serial
Device Tx
Orange
Appendices
GPSMAP
Bare Wire
Cable
(P/N 010-11686-40)
White/Green
Additional Features
Yellow
White/Orange
(P/N 010-11206-15)
Index
GPSMAP695/695 to GDL 39 Bare Wire Installation
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Flight Planning
6) Use the FMS Joystick to select the GDL39 PASS-THROUGH SERIAL FORMAT
(‘NMEA Out’, ‘Aviation In’, ‘Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out’, ‘GTX
TIS-A In’, ‘GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out’, or ‘None’) to connect a
secondary serial device.
GPS Navigation
4) Select ‘Interface’ and press the ENT Key.
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Appendix D
GPS Navigation
Overview
NOTE: If the GDL 39 RxB (white/orange wire) is not needed in a serial-pass
through installation, it should be grounded.
Direction
Description
Wire Color
1
IN
Voltage Supply Input
Red
GND
Black
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
6
10
IN
Serial RxA (GDL39 IN)
White/Green
11
OUT
Serial TxA (GDL39 OUT)
Green
12
IN
Discrete Input
Gray
13
IN
Serial RxB (GDL39 IN)
White/Orange
14
OUT
Serial TxB (GDL39 OUT)
Orange
GDL 39 Bare Wire Cable Pinout (18Pin)
TIS-A Interface Setup
Configuring TIS-A input:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to select the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘System Setup’, and press the ENT
Key.
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Interface’, and press the ENT Key.
4) With the ‘Serial Data Format’ field highlighted, turn the FMS Joystick to
select ‘TIS-A In’ or GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out.
Additional Features
Appendices
PIN #
The TIS-A Status field indicates one of the following messages:
• Waiting For Data—searching for a valid TIS-A data stream.
• Data Available—receiving TIS-A data from the transponder.
Index
• Data Unavailable—connection to transponder established, but TIS-A service is
unavailable.
• Lost Connection—an error occurred or the connection to the transponder was
lost.
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Appendix D
The optional GA25 MCX antenna can be used. Connect the antenna to the connector
located on the left side of the unit.
GPS Navigation
MCX Connector (for an optional
external antenna)
Overview
USING AN EXTERNAL GPS ANTENNA (OPTIONAL)
Flight Planning
GPSMAP 695/696 MCX Connector
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix D
Blank Page
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Appendix E
Overview
GENERAL TIS-A INFORMATION
NOTE: Aircraft without an operational transponder are invisible to TIS-A.
avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision avoidance
resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or conditions, relieve the
pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
GPS Navigation
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to accurately
Appendices
The main difference between the Traffic Information System (TIS-A) and Traffic
Advisory (TAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS) is the source of surveillance
data. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second update rate, while
TIS-A utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to
provide a five-second update rate. TIS-A and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
Additional Features
TIS-A VS. TAS/TCAS
Hazard Avoidance
The Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) provides traffic advisory information to nonTAS/TCAS-equipped aircraft. TIS-A is a ground-based service providing the relative
locations of all ATCRBS (Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System) Mode-A and Mode-C
transponder equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS-A ground
sensor uses real-time track reports to generate traffic notification. The GPSMAP
695/696 displays TIS-A traffic information on the Map Page. Surveillance data includes
all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage volume. The GPSMAP 695/696
displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3,000 feet below, to
3,500 feet above the requesting aircraft.
Flight Planning
depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack of equipment, poor signal
reception, and/or inaccurate information from aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be
present that is not represented on the display.
Index
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TIS-A LIMITATIONS
TIS-A relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary
surveillance” radar system similar to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are
inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided by TIS-A is neither
better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS-A is intended only to
assist in visual acquisition of other aircraft in visual meteorological conditions (VMC).
While TIS-A is a useful aid for visual traffic avoidance, system limitations must be
considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance maneuvers are given,
nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS-A intruder display or TIS-A advisory.
•TIS-A operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
•TIS-A is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft
and the Mode-S radar antenna. Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes
between the transponder antenna and the ground-based radar antenna, the signal
may be temporarily interrupted.
NOTE: Refer to the TIS-A Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) for a more comprehensive explanation of limitations and
anomalies associated with TIS-A.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix E
NOTE: TIS-A is unavailable at low altitudes in many area of the United States.
This is often the case in mountainous regions.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation
of the ground stations is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM for a
Terminal Mode S radar site map.
TIS-A information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information
is then sent through the Mode S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this, the
surveillance information is approximately five seconds old. TIS-A ground station tracking
software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay. These algorithms
use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent with the time
of display. Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in this calculation
and create slight errors on the Map Page which affect relative bearing information and
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Appendix E
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once
the client/intruder aircraft course stabilizes.
•By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained
at FAA FSSs, General Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and
General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
Additional Features
•By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
Hazard Avoidance
Pilots using TIS-A can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions
by reporting observations of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time
of observation, location, type and identity of the aircraft, and describe the condition
observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and transponder
software version. Since TIS-A performance is monitored by maintenance personnel,
not ATC, malfunctions should be reported in the following ways:
Flight Planning
•When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft
course at a shallow angle (either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly
changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS-A may display the intruder aircraft on the
incorrect side of the client aircraft.
GPS Navigation
•When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking
algorithm may report incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft
stabilizes.
Overview
the target track vector and may delay display of the intruder information. However,
intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively accurate and may be used to
assist in spotting traffic. The following errors are common examples:
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix E
Blank Page
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Appendix F
Overview
UTILITIES
FLIGHT LOG
VIEWING THE FLIGHT LOG
Appendices
Viewing details for a flight:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Flight Log’, and press the ENT
Key. (Hours and minutes can be displayed by pressing the MENU Key and
selecting ‘Show Hours and Minutes’).
3) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select the desired flight from the list, and
press the ENT Key. Route, date, hours, distance, and actual flight path is
displayed.
4) With ‘Done’ selected, press the ENT Key to return to the previous page.
Additional Features
Select any listed entry in the log to view additional information, including a map
displaying the actual path flown.
Hazard Avoidance
Recording begins when your speed exceeds 30 knots and you gain 250 feet of
altitude. If you land and groundspeed drops below 30 knots, the flight entry is saved
and a new entry is recorded when you depart the airport. A touch-and-go or brief
stop of less than 10 minutes appends to the current flight record, rather than starting
a new entry.
Flight Planning
An optional FlightBook software package is available to further simplify your flight
record keeping. For details about FlightBook, visit the Garmin Web site at www.
garmin.com/aviation.
GPS Navigation
The Flight Log shows a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight, and
flight time. The GPSMAP 695/696 saves up to 50 recorded flights. Entries on this list
are automatically created for each flight.
Index
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GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Flight Log List
Index
Flight Log Review
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Appendix F
You can delete the highlighted flight record or delete all flight records from the Flight
Log.
Additional Features
Track Log
Track Log (Map Page)
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227
Index
The percentage of memory used by the current track log appears at the top of the
Track Log Window. After the track log is cleared, it shows zero percent. When the
screen reaches 100%, the most recent track points start to overwrite the least recent
track points (if ‘Wrap’ is selected in the Record Mode Field). To avoid losing track
points, save the track log when it approaches the 99% mark.
Appendices
The track log starts recording as soon as the GPSMAP 695/696 gets a location fix.
For the best results, clear the track log before each flight. When the track log is full,
new track points overwrite the oldest track points (if set to ‘Wrap’ in the Track Log
Settings).
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Hazard Avoidance
The GPSMAP 695/696 draws an electronic breadcrumb trail or “track log” on the
Map Page. The track log contains points along its path, including time, and location
for each point.
Flight Planning
TRACK LOG
GPS Navigation
Deleting flight records:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Flight Log’, and press the ENT
Key.
3) Select the desired flight (if applicable), and press the MENU Key.
4) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Delete Flight’ or ‘Delete All’, and
press the ENT Key.
Overview
DELETING FLIGHT RECORDS
Appendix F
Overview
The Save feature allows storage of up to 15 track logs.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Displaying/removing the track log on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key. The Map Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Up Map’ from the Map Page
Menu, and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Line’ options from the horizontal
list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Track Log’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page.
Map Page Menu
Map Setup Page
Index
Appendices
Changing track log settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired setting.
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Appendix F
Overview
GPS Navigation
• Record Mode—’Wrap’ records over the oldest tracks when the track log reaches
100%. ‘Fill’ records a track log until the track log is full (100%).
• Show On Map—Select ‘Yes’ to display the track log on the map.
• Map Color—Select a color for the track when it appears on the map.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Saving a track log:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Press the SAVE Softkey. (Or press the MENU Key, with ‘Save Active Track‘
selected, press the ENT Key.) The ‘Save Active Track?’ window is displayed.
Additional Features
Clearing the track log:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired saved track, and press the
CLEAR Softkey. (Or press the MENU Key, with ‘Clear Active Track‘ selected,
press the ENT Key.) The ‘Clear Active Track Log?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘Yes’ selected, press the ENT Key.
Hazard Avoidance
• Interval—’Distance’ records track points after a specified distance has been traveled. ‘Time’ creates track points after a specified time has elapsed.
Flight Planning
Track Log Window
Appendix F
Overview
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘Entire Active Track’, ‘Past 24 Hours’, ‘Past 7
Days’, or ‘Specify Dates’.
5) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Save’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Editing a track log:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired saved track, and press the
ENT Key.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to make the desired changes.
6) With ‘Done’ selected, press the ENT Key.
HEADING LINE
The GPSMAP 695/696 draws an electronic “heading line” on the Map Page. The
heading line can be set to time or distance.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Exporting a track log:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Track Log’ from the Main Menu,
and press the ENT Key.
3) Using the FMS Joystick highlight the desired track log to export.
4) With an SD card inserted, press the EXPORT Softkey.
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Appendix F
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Heading
Line
Hazard Avoidance
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
231
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Changing the heading line settings on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key. The Map Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to select ‘Set Up Map’ from the Map Page
Menu, and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Line’ options from the horizontal
list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Heading Line’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On/Off’ ,‘Distance’, or ‘Time’ and press the
ENT Key. If necessary, move the FMS Joystick to set the desired time or
distance, and press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Joystick, the CLR Key, or the EXIT Softkey to return to the
Map Page.
Additional Features
Heading Line (Map Setup Page Menu)
E6B CALCULATOR
The E6B Calculator in the Main Menu calculates Density Altitude, True Airspeed, and
Winds Aloft (Head Wind, Tail Wind, Wind From, and Wind Speed), based on information
you enter.
Accessing the E6B calculator:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘E6B Calculator’, and press the
ENT Key. The E6B Calculator Page is displayed.
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Barometric
Pressure
from the
Nearest
METAR
Calculated
Figures
Calculated
or Userentered
Figure
E6B Calculator Page
• Indicated Altitude—required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation. Enter the aircraft’s altimeter reading. A suggested indicated altitude will be
displayed based on the GPS altitude.
• Baro Pressure—when the unit is receiving SiriusXM weather information, the field
automatically updates to the barometric pressure of the nearest METAR. If SiriusXM
weather information is not available you need to enter the current barometric pressure.
• Calibrated Airspeed— required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation.
Enter the aircraft’s airspeed indicator value.
• Total Air Temp— required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation. Total
Air Temperature (TAT) is the temperature of the air including the heating effect caused
232
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Appendix F
• Heading— required entry for winds aloft calculation. Use heading from the aircraft’s
heading indicator or directional gyro.
• Wind From—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
• Wind Speed—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Calculating winds aloft:
1) Calculate or enter the true airspeed into the ‘True Airspeed’ field, and press
the ENT Key.
2) Enter the aircraft heading shown on the directional gyro or compass into
the ‘Heading’ field, and press the ENT Key. Head/Tail Wind, Wind From,
and Wind Speed are calculated.
Additional Features
Calculating true airspeed and density altitude:
1) From the E6B Calculator Page, enter the altitude shown on the altimeter
into the ‘Indicated Altitude’ field, and press the ENT Key.
2) Repeat for ‘Calibrated Airspeed’, ‘Baro Pressure’, and ‘Total Air
Temperature’ fields. (For Calibrated Airspeed, use the speed shown on
the airspeed indicator. Use the current altimeter setting for Baro Pressure.
Total Air Temperature is the temperature of the outside air including the
heating effect caused by speed. For most aircraft, this is the temperature
reading on a standard outside air temperature gauge.) The calculated
figures for True Airspeed and Density Altitude are shown in the designated
fields.
Hazard Avoidance
• True Airspeed— (calculated or user-entered figure) determined from entry of
calibrated airspeed, barometric pressure, and total air temperature. This can also be
entered directly for winds aloft calculations.
Flight Planning
• Density Altitude— (calculated figure) determined from entry of indicated altitude,
barometric pressure and total air temperature.
GPS Navigation
• Tail Wind— (calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
Overview
by speed. The temperature reading on a standard outside air temperature gauge found
on most piston aircraft is TAT.
Appendix F
Restoring E6B calculator defaults:
1) From the E6B Calculator Page, press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Restore Default’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
AIRCRAFT PROFILE
The Aircraft Profile Page allows the pilot to select cruising speed, maximum speed,
fuel flow, and map symbol. The unit can save up to 10 aircraft profiles.
The maximum speed is used to define the range for airspeed on the Panel and is
automatically updated if you exceed this figure.
Accessing the aircraft profile:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Aircraft Profile’, and press the
ENT Key.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
NOTE: If True North is selected as the heading reference, a heading referenced
to True North must be used to calculate winds accurately.
Index
Aircraft Profile Page
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Appendix F
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Deleting a saved aircraft profile:
1) From the Aircraft Profile Page, highlight the ‘Current Aircraft’ field.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired aircraft profile to be deleted.
3) Press the DELETE Softkey. The ‘XXXXXX Will Be Deleted’ window is
displayed.
Flight Planning
Renaming a saved aircraft profile:
1) From the Aircraft Profile Page, highlight the ‘Current Aircraft’ field.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired aircraft profile to be renamed.
3) Press the RENAME Softkey. The cursor is activated in the ‘Current Aircraft’
field.
4) Enter the desired name in the ‘Current Aircraft’ field, and press the ENT
Key.
GPS Navigation
Selecting a saved aircraft profile:
1) From the Aircraft Profile Page, highlight the ‘Current Aircraft’ field.
2) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the desired saved aircraft profile.
Overview
Entering an aircraft profile:
1) From the Aircraft Profile Page, press the NEW Softkey. The cursor is
activated in the ‘Current Aircraft’ field.
2) Enter the desired aircraft name, and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the FMS Joystick to the ‘Cruise Speed’ field, turn the FMS Joystick to
enter the appropriate cruise speed, and press the ENT Key. Repeat for the
‘Maximum Speed’ and ‘Fuel Flow’ fields.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Map Symbol’ field, and turn the
FMS Joystick to select the desired map symbol.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Index
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
235
WEIGHT & BALANCE
Weight & Balance may be used during pre-flight preparations to verify the weight
and balance conditions of the aircraft. By entering the weight and arm values on this
page, the GPSMAP 695/696 can calculate the total weight, moment, and center of
gravity (CG).
Before entering the various figures, the empty weight of the airplane and the arm (or
“station”) for each weight should be determined. These figures should be determined
using the pilot’s operating handbook for the airplane, which also notes the weight
limitations and fore/aft CG limits. Compare those figures to the values calculated by
the GPSMAP 695/696.
To perform weight and balance calculations:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Weight & Balance’, and press
the ENT Key.
3) Select the desired aircraft from the ‘Current Aircraft’ field.
4) Use the FMS Joystick to enter the desired weights and arms (or “stations”),
pressing the ENT Key after each entry. The calculated moment, weight,
and CG figures appear at the bottom of the page. Keep in mind that the
“Aircraft” (empty weight/arm) figures must be entered as a reference to
calculate a valid moment, weight, and CG.
5) To empty the aircraft, press the Menu Key and select ‘Empty Aircraft’, or
press the EMPTY Softkey.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Index
Appendices
NOTE: This information is only for flight planning purposes. Consult the
aircraft’s pilot operating handbook for the official weight and balance data.
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Appendix F
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Weight & Balance
Estimated Position Error (EPE) indicates the accuracy of the position fix. EPE uses
Dilution of Precision (DOP) and other factors to calculate a horizontal position error.
DOP measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where
they are relative to each other).
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
237
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Setting up and customizing the EPE circle for the map page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘Miscellaneous’ from the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the desired feature.
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
EPE CIRCLE
PROXIMITY WAYPOINTS
The Proximity Waypoints Page allows the pilot to define an alarm circle around a
waypoint location.
Proximity
Circle
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Proximity
Alarm
Hazard Avoidance
Proximity Waypoint Alarm
Appendices
Additional Features
Defining proximity waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Press the PROXIMITY Softkey. The Proximity Waypoints Page is displayed.
4) Press the NEW Softkey. The New Proximity Waypoint Window is displayed.
5) Select ‘Use Map’ or ‘Use Identifier’, and press the ENT Key.
6) Select the desired waypoint using the Map or Select Waypoint Window, and
press the ENT Key. The ‘Distance’ field is highlighted.
7) Using the FMS Joystick, enter the desired distance and press the ENT Key.
Index
Setting up and customizing proximity waypoints for the map
page:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Press the PROXIMITY Softkey. The Proximity Waypoints Page is displayed.
4) Turn the FMS Joystick to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
238
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Appendix F
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
Overview
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘Set Up Map’ and press the
ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Joystick to select the ‘Point’ from the horizontal list.
4) Move the FMS Joystick to highlight the ‘Proximity Circle’ Field.
6) Highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Deleting proximity waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Turn or move the FMS Joystick to highlight ‘User Waypoints’, and press the
ENT Key.
3) Press the PROXIMITY Softkey. The Proximity Waypoints Page is displayed.
4) Press the CLR Key or the MENU Key and select ‘Remove Selected
Waypoint’ or ‘Remove All Waypoints’.
5) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove Proximity Waypoint for XXXX’ Window is
displayed
6) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
GPS Navigation
5) Turn the FMS Joystick to access a list of options for each feature (On/Off,
Auto, or range settings).
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
239
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Blank Page
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Appendix G
Overview
DISPLAY SYMBOLS
VFR SYMBOLS
Symbol
Item
Non-towered, Non-serviced
Military, Non-serviced
Towered, Non-serviced
Civilian, Serviced
Non-towered, Serviced
Military, Serviced
Towered, Serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Non-serviced
Soft Surface, Non-serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Serviced
Soft Surface, Serviced
Hazard Avoidance
Civilian, Non-serviced
Flight Planning
Unknown
Symbol
GPS Navigation
Item
Additional Features
Atlantic Database Airports
Soft Surface, Private
Paved, Private
Appendices
Seaplane Base
Heliport
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Index
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241
Appendix G
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Item
Symbol
Item
Intersection
Interstate Highway
Visual Reporting Point
US Highway
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
State Highway
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
National Highway
VOR
Small City
VOR/DME
Medium City
ILS/DME or DME only
Large City
VORTAC
Symbol
Miscellaneous
Additional Features
TACAN
Navaids
Appendices
IFR SYMBOLS
Index
Item
Symbol
Item
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Non-serviced
Low-Altitude
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Serviced
High- Altitude
Atlantic Database Airports
242
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Symbol
Airways
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendix G
Symbol
Item
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
IFR Airport, Non-serviced
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
VFR Airport, Serviced
VOR
IFR Airport, Serviced
VOR/DME
VFR, Soft Surface, Nonserviced
ILS/DME or DME Only
VFR, Soft Surface, Serviced
VORTAC
VFR, Soft Surface, Private
TACAN
VFR, Paved, Private
Hazard Avoidance
VFR Airport, Non-serviced
Flight Planning
Intersection
GPS Navigation
Unknown
Symbol
Overview
Item
Additional Features
Navaids
VFR Seaplane Base
VFR Heliport
Appendices
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Index
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
243
AIRSPACE SYMBOLS
Symbol
Class B, Class E,
CTA
Class B, Class E,
CTA
GPS Navigation
Item
Class A, Class C,
TMA
Class A, Class C,
TMA, TRSA
Class D
Class D
Flight Planning
Item
Mode C Veil
MOA
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Appendix G
MOA
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
TRSA
Additional Features
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Radar Area
ATZ, TIZ
Radar Area
Misc/Unknown
ATZ, TIZ
Appendices
Symbol
IFR Americas/Pacific Database
MATZ
ADIZ
Index
Misc/Unknown
VFR Americas/Pacific Database
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Appendix G
Symbol
Danger or Alert
Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Item
Symbol
Overview
Item
Training Area
IFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
GPS Navigation
Training Area
VFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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245
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix G
Blank Page
246
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Appendix H
Overview
MAP DATUM AND LOCATION FORMATS
MAP DATUMS
Hazard Avoidance
Your current location can be viewed on the GPS in the form of coordinates. Since
different charts use different location formats, Garmin GPS units allow you to choose
the correct coordinate system for the type of chart you are using. The most common
format is latitude and longitude, which is used by all Garmin units. You can change the
location format to use with other coordinate systems. Several other grids, including a
user-definable grid (for the advanced user), are available.
Flight Planning
LOCATION FORMATS
GPS Navigation
A datum is a mathematical model of the Earth that approximates the shape of the
Earth and enables calculations to be carried out in a consistent and accurate manner.
The datum is physically represented by a framework of ground monuments (such as
trig. stations) whose locations have been accurately measured and calculated on this
reference surface. Lines of latitude and longitude on a chart are referenced to a specific
map datum. Every chart has a map datum reference and the GPSMAP 695/696 can be
set to match most of those commonly used.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
247
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix H
Blank Page
248
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Appendix I
ADIZ
ADS-B
ADS-B In
Air Defense Identification Zone
Automatic Dependant Surveillance -Broadcast
Ability to receive ADS-B information from other aircraft
and Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs)
Ability to transmit ADS-B data on 1090 ES or 978 MHz
An aircraft that has both ADS-B In and ADS-B Out
capabilities.
GPS Navigation
Flight Planning
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast
Airplane Flight Manual
Above Ground Level
Airman’s Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
airport
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
Automated Surface Observing System
Air Traffic Control
Automatic Terminal Information Service
Automated Weather Observing System
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
ADS-B Out
ADS-B
Participating
Aircraft
ADS-R
AFM
AGL
AIM
AIRMET
APT
ASPC
ARTCC
ASOS
ATC
ATIS
AWOS
Overview
GLOSSARY
The compass direction from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
ºC
Calibrated
Airspeed
cm
COM
Course
degrees Celsius
Indicated airspeed corrected for installation and
instrument errors.
centimeter
communication radio
The line between two points to be followed by the aircraft.
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
249
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendices
Bearing
Overview
Appendix I
Course to Steer
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Crosstrack Error
CTS
dBZ
deg
Desired Track
DIS
Distance
DME
DTK
The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce
course error or stay on course. Provides the most efficient
heading to get back to the desired course and proceed
along the flight plan.
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course in either
direction, left or right.
Course to Steer
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
degree
The desired course between the active “from” and “to”
waypoints.
distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
Distance Measuring Equipment
Desired Track
Enroute Safe
Altitude
The recommended minimum altitude within ten miles left
or right of the desired course on an active flight plan or
direct-to.
ENT
enter
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Time of The estimated time at which the aircraft should reach the
Arrival
destination waypoint, based upon current speed and track.
Estimated Time
The estimated time it takes to reach the destination
Enroute
waypoint from the present position, based upon current
ground speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
ºF
250
degrees Fahrenheit
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
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Appendix I
GND
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
Heading
190-00919-00 Rev. G
The direction an aircraft is pointed, based upon indications
from a magnetic compass or a properly set directional
gyro.
mercury
hectopascal
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
251
Index
Hg
hPa
Appendices
Ground Track
GS
Additional Features
Ground-Based
Transceiver
Groundspeed
Hazard Avoidance
gallon(s)
GPS calculated altitude
The estimated distance an aircraft will move forward for
any given amount of lost altitude.
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude; one degree latitude
by one degree longitude in size and clears the highest
elevation reference point in the grid by 1000 feet for all
areas of the grid
Provides ADS-R, TIS-B and FIS-B broadcasts to ADS-B
participating aircraft.
The velocity that the aircraft is travelling relative to a
ground position.
see Track
Ground speed
Flight Planning
gal
geodetic altitude
Glide Ratio, G/R
GPS Navigation
Federal Aviation Administration
Final Approach Fix
Federal Communication Commission
flight plan
feet per minute
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
Overview
FAA
FAF
FCC
FPL
fpm
FSS
ft
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix I
hr
HSI
Hz
hour
Horizontal Situation Indicator
Hertz
IAF
IAT
ICAO
IFR
ILS
IMC
in
Indicated
in HG
Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Air Temperature
International Civil Aviation Organization
Instrument Flight Rules
Instrument Landing System
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
inch
Information provided by properly calibrated and set
instrumentation on the aircraft panel.
inches of mercury
kg
kHz
km
kt
kilogram
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
LAT
lb
Leg
LOC
LON
latitude
pound
The portion of a flight plan between two waypoints.
localizer
longitude
m
MAP
METAR
meter
Missed Approach Point
Meteorological Aviation Routine
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Appendix I
pounds per square inch
QTY
quantity
rpm
revolutions per minute
SBAS
SD
sec
SIGMET
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Secure Digital
second(s)
Significant Meteorological Information
TA
TACAN
TAF
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
psi
Appendices
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
Additional Features
OAT
OBS
Hazard Avoidance
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
nearest
Flight Planning
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NRST
GPS Navigation
megahertz
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude within ten
miles of the aircraft present position.
Military Operations Area
Minimum Safe Altitude
Mean Sea Level
Overview
MHz
Minimum Safe
Altitude
MOA
MSA
MSL
253
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time
VFR
VHF
VNAV
VOL
VOR
VORTAC
VSI
VSR
VTF
Visual Flight Rules
Very High Frequency
vertical navigation
volume
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional range station and
tactical air navigation
Vertical Speed Indicator
Vertical Speed Required
vector to final
WAAS
WPT
WX
Wide Area Augmentation System
waypoint
weather
XTK
Crosstrack Error
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
GPS Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
TRSA
True Airspeed
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
terrain
Temporary Flight Restriction
Traffic Information Service
Traffic Information Service-Broadcast
topographic
Direction of aircraft movement relative to a ground
position; also ‘Ground Track’
Terminal Radar Service Area
Hazard Avoidance
Appendix I
TAS
TCAS
TER
TFR
TIS-A
TIS-B
TOPO
Track
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Appendix J
Overview
LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
CONTACT GARMIN
In Europe, contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. at +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK) or 0808 2380000 (within
the UK).
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this device (the “Software”) in binary
executable form in the normal operation of the product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual property rights in
and to the Software remain with Garmin.
Flight Planning
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected under the United States of America
copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and
code of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the Software in source code form remains
a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse
engineer, or reduce to human readable form the Software or any part thereof or create any derivative works
based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export
control laws of the United States of America.
Hazard Avoidance
BY USING THE GPSMAP 695/696, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE
FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.
GPS Navigation
Contact Garmin if you have any questions while using your GPSMAP 695/696. In the USA contact Garmin
Product Support by phone: (913) 397-8200 or (800) 800-1020, Monday–Friday, 8 AM–5 PM Central Time; or go
to www.garmin.com/support.
This product is intended to be used only as a travel aid and must not be used for any purpose requiring precise
measurement of direction, distance, location, or topography. Garmin makes no warranty as to the accuracy or
completeness of map data in this product.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM
DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
255
Index
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY
GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
Appendices
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for one year from the
date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in
normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided
that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures due to
abuse, misuse, accident, or unauthorized alteration or repairs. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to refuse
warranty claims against products or services that are obtained and/or used in contravention of the laws of any
country.
Additional Features
LIMITED WARRANTY
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix J
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase
price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF
WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin authorized dealer or call Garmin Product Support for
shipping instructions and an RMA tracking number. Securely pack the unit and a copy of the original sales receipt,
which is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. Write the tracking number clearly on the outside
of the package. Send the unit, freight charges prepaid, to any Garmin warranty service station.
Online Auction Purchases: Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other special offers
from Garmin. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service,
an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing
components from any package purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty is provided by international distributors for units purchased outside
the United States. This warranty is provided by the local in-country distributor and this distributor provides local
service for your unit. Distributor warranties are only valid in the area of intended distribution. Units purchased in
the United States or Canada must be returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United
States, Canada, or Taiwan for service.
AOPA AIRPORT DIRECTORY NOTICE
AOPA MEMBERSHIP PUBLICATIONS, INC. AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY
“AOPA”) EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, WITH RESPECT TO THE AOPA INFORMATION INCLUDED
IN THIS DATA, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”
AND AOPA DOES NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY,
OR OTHERWISE. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE, SHALL AOPA BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
THE SOFTWARE OR RELATED DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF AOPA OR AN AOPA AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. USER AGREES NOT TO SUE AOPA AND, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AOPA FROM ANY CAUSES OF
ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION
ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT
ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT
AC-U-KWIK AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY “AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS”)
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE AC-U-KWIK INFORMATION INCLUDED IN THIS DATA,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS
DO NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE.
LICENSEE AGREES NOT TO SUE AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS AND, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO
RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS FROM ANY CAUSES OF ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES
RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF
THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR
EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO LICENSEE.
256
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Appendix J
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
LIMITS ON OUR RESPONSIBILITY
a) DISCLAIMERS.
EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, WE MAKE NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, REGARDING THE RADIO SERVICE. YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE CONTENT
AND FUNCTIONALITY OF THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. ALL SUCH WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT) ARE
HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
GPS Navigation
If you use SiriusXM Services it is your responsibility to exercise prudent discretion and observe all safety measures
required by law and your own common sense. You assume the entire risk related to your use of the Services.
SiriusXM and Garmin assume no responsibility for accidents resulting from or associated with use of the Services.
Your Radio Service includes traffic and weather information, and you acknowledge that such information is not
for “safety for life”, but is merely supplemental and advisory in nature, and therefore cannot be relied upon as
safety-critical in connection with any aircraft, sea craft or automobile usage. This information is provided “as is” and
SiriusXM and Garmin disclaim any and all warranties, express and implied, with respect thereto or the transmission
or reception thereof. SiriusXM and Garmin further do not warrant the accuracy, reliability, completeness or timeliness
of the traffic and weather information disclosed on the Radio Service. In no event will SiriusXM and Garmin, their
data suppliers, service providers, marketing/distribution, software or Internet partners or hardware manufacturers
be liable to you or to any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, exemplary or punitive
damages or lost profits resulting from use of or interruptions in the transmission or reception of the Services.
Overview
WEATHER DATA WARRANTY
THE WEATHER DATA SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS PROVIDED “AS IS.” ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF
NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED.
USER SAFETY
b) LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY.
WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES RELATING
TO THE USE OF THE RADIO SERVICE, WHETHER BASED ON NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE. OUR TOTAL LIABILITY
TO YOU AND ANY OTHER PERSONS RECEIVING OUR SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE CAUSE, WILL IN NO EVENT
EXCEED THE AMOUNTS THAT YOU HAVE PAID TO US FOR THE SERVICE THAT YOU RECEIVED DURING THE SIX (6)
MONTH PERIOD IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO THE SPECIFIC EVENT THAT GAVE RISE TO THE APPLICABLE DAMAGE
OR LOSS. THIS ALLOCATION OF RISK IS REFLECTED IN OUR PRICES. YOU MAY HAVE GREATER RIGHTS THAN
DESCRIBED ABOVE UNDER YOUR STATE’S LAWS
Additional Features
This product was developed using DAFIF™, a product of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
Appendices
This product has not been endorsed or otherwise approved by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, or the
United States Department of Defense (10 U.S.C. 425)
a. Under 10 U.S.C. 456, no civil action may be brought against the United States on the basis of the content of a
navigational aid prepared or disseminated by either the former Defense Mapping Agency (DMA), National Imagery
and Mapping Agency (NIMA), or the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA).
c. Neither NGA nor its personnel will be liable for any claims, losses, or damages arising from or connected with the
use of this product. The user agrees to hold harmless the United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
The user’s sole and exclusive remedy is to stop using the DAFIF product.
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
257
Index
b. The DAFIF™ product is provided “as is,” and no warranty, express or implied, including, but not limited to the
implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for particular purpose or arising by statute or otherwise in law or
from a course of dealing or usage in trade, is made by NGA as to the accuracy and functioning of the product.
GPS Navigation
Overview
Appendix J
SiriusXM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICE AGREEMENT
SiriusXM Satellite Radio Inc.
Hardware and required monthly subscription sold separately. Subscription fee is consumer only. Other fees and
taxes, including a one-time activation fee may apply. All programming fees and weather data subject to change.
SiriusXM Weather data displays and individual product availability vary by hardware equipment. Reception of the
SiriusXM signal may vary depending on location. Subscriptions subject to Customer Agreement included with the
SiriusXM Welcome Kit and available at siriusxm.com. Available only in the 48 contiguous United States. SiriusXM
WX is a trademark of SiriusXM Satellite Radio Inc.
Contact SiriusXM Satellite Radio by phone at 800.985.9200 to subscribe to SiriusXM Weather and/or SiriusXM
Radio.
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to
part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and may
cause harmful interference to radio communications if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the GPS unit.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This product does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin
service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could result in permanent damage to the equipment, and
void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15 regulations.
INDUSTRY CANADA COMPLIANCE
Category II radio communication devices comply with Industry Canada Standard RSS-310.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
FCC COMPLIANCE
258
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Index
Symbols
A
E6B 232
EPE Circle 237
EXPORT 23, 95, 205, 206, 230
F
FCC 258
FIS-B 154
FlightBook 225
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
E
Appendices
cable 207
cards, data 197
Additional Features
C
Data Bar Fields 36
Databases
Updating 202
data card 197
Data entry 11–12
Data Logging 188
Date & Time 30
Delete
Deleting Flight Records 227
Flight plans 90, 92
Individual waypoint 94
density altitude 233
Direct-to 76
Display 26
Backlight Timeout 28
Hazard Avoidance
Backlight 28
Battery 2
Bearing/distance, measuring 51
Flight Planning
B
D
GPS Navigation
AC-U-KWIK 180, 198, 199
ADS-B 153, 163
ADS-B In 153
ADS-B Out 153
ADS-B participating 153
ADS-R 154
Aircraft Profile 234
AIRMET 112, 133
Airport
Criteria 33
Airspaces 74
Airways 57
Reviewing 58
alarms
VNAV 43
antenna 219
AOPA 20, 64, 180, 198, 199, 256
Approach
Loading 84, 97, 98, 99
Automatic Dependent SurveillanceBroadcast 153
Automatic Dependent SurveillanceRebroadcast 154
Overview
978 MHz 153
1090 MHz 153
Chart Not Available 172, 176
ChartView 20, 48, 167, 169, 171, 172,
173, 201
Compass Arc 38
connecting the power cable 198, 207
Controls 8
Course 42
course deviation indicator 41, 101
course deviation scale 40
Current Icing Product (CIP) 115
Index-1
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Index
Flight Information Service-Broadcast
154
flight log 225
FliteCharts 174, 176, 179
Expiration 179
Range 173
Fuel Flow 90
G
GBT 154
GDL 39 21, 124, 126, 148, 153, 163,
164
GPS Receiver Status 6
Ground Based Transceivers 154
GTX 330 213
GXM 40 antenna
connecting 210
H
Heading Line 230
Horizontal Situation Indicator ( HSI)
252
HSI 40
I
Icing Forecast 115
IMPORT 23, 95, 205
Interface 31
J
Jeppesen database
updates 197
Index
L
Legends 139
limited warranty 255
Loss of GPS 195
M
Map
Detail 54
Orientation 47
Panning 50
Range 48
Symbols 54
MAP Page
Defaults 139
Map Range 48
MapSource 197
Map Symbols 54
Measuring 51
Menus
Main Menu 10
Page Menu 10
METAR 132
Flag Color 133
Text 133
N
navigate
track 230
Navigation (NAV)
Map 35
Nearest
Airport 65
Airports 17, 35, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70,
72, 74
Airspaces 74, 75
NDB 68, 69
VORs 69
Nearest Information 64
NEXRAD 127, 128
NMEA 211, 212, 213
O
Obstacles 142
Index-2
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Index
P
R
U
S
W
Water Temperature 118
Waypoints 70
Weight & Balance 236
winds aloft 233
Winds Aloft 131
X
xImage 210
X symbol on terrain 142
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
Index
190-00919-00 Rev. G
vectors 100
VNAV 44
Appendices
TAFs 132
Temperatures Aloft 131
Terrain 141
Alerts 143, 146
TIS-A
V
Additional Features
T
UAT 154
Universal Access Transceiver 153
USB
data cable 209
User Waypoints 70
Utilities 34
Hazard Avoidance
SafeTaxi 167, 169
SafeTaxi database 169
Satellite View 53
show/hide 65, 172
SIGMET 112, 134
SiriusXM
Satellite Radio 188
SiriusXM Radio 182
Softkeys 23
Sound 28
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) 116
Symbols 54
Map 241
System
Functionality 10
System ID 202
Flight Planning
Reset 195
GPS Navigation
Pages
FPL Pages 15
Main Pages 15
NRST Pages 15
Panning 50
PIREP 135
power 207
Proximity Waypoints 238
Overview
symbology 149
TIS-B 154
Topography 52
Track Log 227
Traffic Information Service-Broadcast
154
Traffic Information Service (TIS-A)
221–222
Configuring 214, 217
traffic warning window 151, 160
true airspeed 233
Turbulence Forecast 115
Index-3
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPS Navigation
Overview
Index
Blank Page
Index-4
Garmin GPSMAP 695/696 Owner’s Manual
190-00919-00 Rev. G
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p: 913.397.8200
f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p: 503.391.3411
f: 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p: 44/0870.8501241
f: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p: 886/2.2642.9199
f: 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
© 2008, 2012 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-00919-00 Rev. G
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