Product data | Garmin G500 GPS Receiver User Manual

G500
Cockpit
Reference Guide
© 2009 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 3.00, or later. Some differences in operation
may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
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Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
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of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual
or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin®, Garmin SVT™, and GDU™ 620®,are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries.
FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks
may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
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Communications; and XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc.
June 2009
Printed in the U.S.A.
LIMITED WARRANTY
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from
the date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components
that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts
and labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does
not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident, or unauthorized alterations or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER
ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR
OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO
STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR
FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software, or to offer a full refund of the
purchase price, at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR
ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating a
Service Center near you, visit the Garmin web site at http://www.garmin.com or contact Garmin Customer
Service at 800.800.1020.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
i
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
Warnings, Cautions, & Notes
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
upon the use of the terrain function. The GDU 620 Terrain Proximity feature
is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of
surroundings during flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used
as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications
requiring a certified terrain awareness warning system. Terrain data is
obtained from third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently
verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The Garmin GDU 620 has a very high degree of functional
integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/
or self-test capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical.
Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur
without a fault indication shown by the GDU 620. It is thus the responsibility
of the pilot to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with
all redundant or correlated information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by GPS receivers is geometric height
above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from the altitude
displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the output from the GDC 74A
Air Data Computer, or other pressure altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude
should never be used for vertical navigation. Always use pressure altitude
displayed by the GDU 620 PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used
in the G500 system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the
information remains current. Pilots using an outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
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G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the GDU 620 Multi-Function
Display is provided as an aid in visually acquiring traffic. Pilots must
maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual
acquisition of conflicting traffic.
penetration. Weather information provided by the GDL 69/69A is approved
only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
WARNING: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning
purposes only. Due to inherent delays in data transmission and the relative
age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for short-range
weather avoidance.
WARNING: For safety reasons, GDU 620 operational procedures must be
learned on the ground.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the G500 Pilot’s Guide. Thoroughly practice
basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully
compare indications from the GDU 620 to all available navigation sources,
including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc.
For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
WARNING: Never use the G500 to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm.
Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Airman’s
Information Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any
thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an intense radar echo”.
WARNING: Exceeding 200 deg/second in pitch or roll may invalidate AHRS
attitude provided to the GDU 620. Exceeding 450 KIAS may invalidate ADC
information provided to the GDU 620.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
iii
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Because of anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field, operating
the G500 within the following areas could result in loss of reliable attitude
and heading indications. North of 70° North latitude and south of 70°
South latitude. An area north of 65° North latitude and between longitude
75° West and 120° West. An area south of 55° South latitude between
longitude 120° East and 165° East.
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Do not use Terrain-SVT information for primary terrain
avoidance. Terrain-SVT is intended only to enhance situational
awareness.
CAUTION: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The
GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin GDU 620 utilize
GPS as a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with
all NAVAIDs, information presented by the GDU 620 can be misused or
misinterpreted and therefore, become unsafe.
CAUTION: The Garmin GDU 620 does not contain any user-serviceable
parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center.
Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and
pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
CAUTION: The GDU 620 PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a
special anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and
abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE
ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a
clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe
for anti-reflective coatings.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars
can cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the
aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 feet away
from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
iv
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including
screen images of the GDU 620 bezel displays, are subject to change and
may not reflect the most current G500 system. Depictions of equipment
may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater
than 75° North or 60° South.
NOTE: Terrain-SVT is standard when the Synthetic Vision Technology™
(SVT) option is installed. The TAWS option will take precedence over
Terrain-SVT.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
v
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or
reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with
California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like
additional information, please refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/
prop65.
Record of Revisions
Part Number
Revision
Date
190-01102-03
190-1102-03
A
B
5/28/09
6/18/09
vi
Page
Range
All
Cover
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
Description
Production Release
Updated logo to meet
guidelines and added Garmin
to SVT™.
190-01102-03 Rev B
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contents
Warnings, Cautions, & Notes ............................................................................ ii
Introduction...................................................................................................... 1
Primary Flight Display (PFD) ............................................................................. 2
Garmin Synthetic Vision Technology™ (Optional) ......................................................................... 18
Displaying Garmin SVT™ Terrain ................................................................................................. 19
Displaying Heading on the Horizon ............................................................................................ 19
Displaying Airport Signs ............................................................................................................. 19
Multi-Function Display (MFD)......................................................................... 20
Page Navigation - Moving Between Pages ................................................................................. 21
Changing Settings within a Page................................................................................................ 21
Default Map Page...................................................................................................................... 21
MFD Soft Key Map..................................................................................................................... 22
Map Group ..................................................................................................... 23
Navigation Map 1 and Navigation Map 2 Pages......................................................................... 23
Decluttering (DCLTR) the Map Pages .......................................................................................... 24
Traffic Map Page (Optional) ....................................................................................................... 27
Terrain Page .............................................................................................................................. 31
Terrain Pop-Up Alerts ................................................................................................................. 33
WX Group ....................................................................................................... 34
WX Data Link Map Pages .......................................................................................................... 34
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Airspeed Tape .............................................................................................................................. 4
Altitude Tape ............................................................................................................................... 5
Barometric Pressure ..................................................................................................................... 5
Barometric Minimums Bug........................................................................................................... 6
Altitude Bug ................................................................................................................................ 7
Wind Vectors ............................................................................................................................... 8
Vertical Speed (V/S) ..................................................................................................................... 8
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) ................................................................................................. 9
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) ..................................................................................................... 9
Attitude Indicator ...................................................................................................................... 10
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI): Aircraft Heading .................................................................. 11
Adjusting the Course Pointer ..................................................................................................... 12
HSI Bearing Pointers .................................................................................................................. 12
Autopilot (AP) ................................................................................................. 15
Heading .................................................................................................................................... 15
Autopilot Test ............................................................................................................................ 15
Altitude Capture (Optional Interface) ......................................................................................... 16
Autopilot Navigation ................................................................................................................. 16
Autopilot Operation with the GDU 620 Emulating GPSS ............................................................. 17
Additional Features ........................................................................................ 18
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Customizing the Weather Map ................................................................................................... 34
Displaying Surface Data and Winds Aloft .................................................................................... 36
Weather Radar (Optional) .............................................................................. 37
Weather Radar Map Page .......................................................................................................... 37
Airborne Color Weather Radar ................................................................................................... 38
Aux Group ...................................................................................................... 41
System Setup Page .................................................................................................................... 41
XM® Information Page (Optional) .............................................................................................. 46
XM® Radio Page (Optional) ....................................................................................................... 47
System Status Page ................................................................................................................... 49
Flight Plan Group ........................................................................................... 50
Active Flight Plan Page .............................................................................................................. 50
Viewing Your Active Flight Plan .................................................................................................. 50
Waypoint Information Page........................................................................................................ 51
Charts Page (Optional) .............................................................................................................. 52
Change Day/Night View ............................................................................................................. 52
Viewing Charts and Panning ...................................................................................................... 52
Viewing NOTAMs ...................................................................................................................... 53
Selecting a Chart ....................................................................................................................... 53
Selecting Other Charts ............................................................................................................... 54
Chart Information ...................................................................................................................... 55
Alerts .............................................................................................................. 56
On Screen Alerts ........................................................................................................................ 56
Terrain-SVT™ Alerts ................................................................................................................... 58
Symbols .......................................................................................................... 59
Map Page Symbols .................................................................................................................... 59
SafeTaxi® Symbols ..................................................................................................................... 60
Traffic Symbols .......................................................................................................................... 60
Terrain Obstacle Symbols ........................................................................................................... 61
Map Toolbar Symbols ................................................................................................................ 61
XM® Weather Toolbar Symbols................................................................................................... 62
Miscellaneous Symbols .............................................................................................................. 63
viii
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Introduction
PFD/MFD
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
1
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
This reference guide covers the operation of the GDU 620 as integrated in the
G500 system. The G500 Avionics Display System is an advanced technology
avionics suite designed to replace the traditional flight instrument cluster. The
system combines primary flight instrumentation, navigational information, and
a moving map all displayed on dual 6.5 inch color screens. The G500 system is
composed of sub-units or Line Replaceable Units (LRUs). LRUs have a modular
design and can be installed directly behind the instrument panel or in a separate
avionics bay if desired. This design greatly eases troubleshooting and maintenance
of the G500 system. A failure or problem can be isolated to a particular LRU,
which can be replaced quickly and easily. Each LRU has a particular function,
or set of functions, that contributes to the system’s operation. For more details
on the G500 system, refer to the G500 Pilot’s Guide, P/N 190-01102-02 Rev. A
or later.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Primary Flight Display (PFD)
1
18
17
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
2
3
16
4
5
15
6
14
7
13
8
9
10
11
12
Primary Flight Display (PFD)
2
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
NAV Status Bar: Displays which GPS is selected as the Active Source, Active Waypoint
(WPT), Distance to Waypoint (DIS), Desired Track (DTK) and Current Track (TRK).
2
Airspeed Tape: Displays Groundspeed (GS), Airspeed Trend, Current Airspeed,
and True Airspeed (TAS).
3
Wind Vector: Displays direction and speed of wind.
4
Heading Select Key: Press HDG and turn PFD knob to set heading bug.
5
Course Select Key: Press CRS and turn PFD knob to set the course of the
selected source (VOR1, VOR2, GPS1, or GPS2).
6
Altitude Select Key: Press ALT and turn PFD knob to set altimeter bug.
7
V/S (Vertical Speed) Select Key: Press V/S and turn PFD knob to set V/S bug.
8
Barometer Select Key: Press BARO and turn PFD knob to change barometric
setting.
9
Outside Air Temperature (OAT): Displays the current outside air temperature.
10
PFD Knob: Turn PFD knob to change bug settings, Heading Bug, Course,
Altitude Bug, V/S Bug, and Barometer setting.
11
Soft Keys: Used to select available options on PFD or MFD.
12
SD Card Slots, Upper and Lower: The upper slot is used for updating databases
or software, the lower slot is for the database card.
13
Soft Key Labels: Located on the bottom screen of the PFD and MFD. Selection
is done by pressing the corresponding soft key. Soft keys that are available
have the labels shown as white text on a black background. Soft keys that are
selected have the labels shown as black text on a gray background. Soft keys
that are unavailable have the labels shown as gray text on a black background.
14
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI): Displays the Selected Heading Box, Current
Heading, Turn Rate Markings, and Heading Trend.
15
Vertical Speed Tape: Displays Vertical Speed and the Vertical Speed Bug
16
Barometric (BARO) Setting: Displays the current setting of barometric pressure.
17
Roll Pointer and Slip/Skid Indicator: The slip/skid indicator is the bar beneath the
roll pointer. The indicator moves with the roll pointer and laterally away from the
pointer to indicate lateral acceleration (slip/skid).
18
Altitude Tape: Displays Current Altitude, Altitude Trend, Altitude Bug, Altitude
Minimums Bug, and BARO setting.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
1
3
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Airspeed Tape
The upper left portion of the PFD display provides Groundspeed, Airspeed
Trend, Current Airspeed, and True Airspeed information. Current Airspeed is
normally shown in white on the black pointer. The Trend Indicator (magenta line)
indicates what the airspeed will be in six seconds, if the current rate of acceleration
is maintained. If the current acceleration will cause the airspeed to exceed VNE in
six seconds, the airspeed is displayed in yellow. If the current airspeed exceeds
VNE, the pointer changes to red with white text.
Groundspeed
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
VNE
VN0
Trend Indicator
VFE
VS1
Current
Airspeed
VS0
True Airspeed
Typical Airspeed Tape Markings
Airspeed Tape
VLE
VYSE
Overspeed
VMCA
Overspeed Indication
4
Additional Reference Markings
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Altitude Tape
The upper right portion of the PFD displays the Altitude Bug setting, Current
Altitude, Altitude Trend, Altitude Minimums Bug, and the current BARO Setting.
The Altitude Trend indicates what the altitude will be in six seconds if the current
vertical speed is maintained.
Altitude Bug Setting
Altitude Bug
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Altitude Trend
Current Altitude
Altitude Minimums Bug
BARO Setting
Altitude Tape
Barometric Pressure
The Barometric Pressure (BARO setting) is displayed at the bottom of the
altitude tape. To change the BARO setting, press the BARO key and turn the
PFD knob to the desired pressure. To select standard pressure (29.92IN), press
the PFD knob.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
5
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Barometric Minimums Bug
For altitude awareness, a barometric Altitude Minimums Bug commonly referred
to as the Minimums Bug, can be set. When active and within 2500 feet of the
selected minimums altitude, the minimums bug setting is displayed to the bottom
left of the altimeter. When set, a bug appears parked at the bottom of the altitude
tape and moves up the tape as the set altitude comes into view.
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500 feet of the selected
altitude minimums setting, the BARO MIN box appears with the
altitude value in cyan text. Once in range, the Minimums Bug appears
in cyan on the altitude tape. A portion of the Minimums Bug will
be displayed at the bottom of the altitude tape if the selected altitude
minimums bug is off of the tape.
• When the aircraft is within 100 feet of the selected altitude minimums
setting, the bug and the altitude text turn white.
• Once the aircraft reaches the selected altitude minimums setting, the
bug and the altitude text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums,
minimums” is heard one time.
Bug and text are
cyan within 2500 ft
Bug and text are
white within 100 ft
Bug and text
are yellow when
altitude Reached
Minimums
Bug
Minimums
Box
Minimums Annunciations
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground and also, if a value has
been set for altitude alerting, until the aircraft reaches 150 feet above the setting
for the alert.
6
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
To set the altitude for the Minimums Bug:
1) While viewing the Active Flight Plan page of the FPL Group, press the small
MFD knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large MFD knob to the ALTITUDE portion of the MINIMUMS section.
3) Turn the small MFD knob to enter the desired altitude. Press the ENT key to
confirm selection.
4) When finished, press the small MFD knob to exit the MINIMUMS box.
Altitude Bug
The Altitude Bug is displayed on the Altitude Tape at the selected altitude bug
setting. A portion of the Altitude Bug will be displayed at the top or bottom of
the altitude tape if the selected altitude bug is off of the tape.
Altitude Bug
Setting
Altitude Bug
Altitude Bug
The Altitude Bug provides visual and aural altitude alerting. Aural alerting
occurs within 200 feet of the Altitude Bug setting or when deviating beyond 200
feet of the bug.
Within 1000 ft
Within 200 ft
Deviation of
+/- 200ft
Altitude Bug Indications
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
7
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
NOTE: If you highlight the Altitude Field in the MINIMUMS section on the
FPL page and press the CLR key, it will clear the entry and the minimums
functionality will be turned off.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Wind Vectors
The PFD will display a Wind Vector Field to the left of the HSI when configured
by the user. There are four different styles of wind vector displays available. Refer
to the System Setup page in the AUX Group section of this guide for instructions
on selecting wind vector style. Wind Vectors can only be calculated when the
aircraft is in the air.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Wind Vector
Field
Wind Vector Display
Vertical Speed (V/S)
The Vertical Speed Tape and Vertical Speed Bug are displayed below the
Altitude Tape.
Current Vertical Speed
Vertical Speed Bug
Vertical Speed Bug Setting
Vertical Speed
8
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
The Vertical Deviation Indicator is displayed for GPS and ILS approaches
with vertical guidance. The GPS approach glidepath is shown in magenta
(G and indicator), while the ILS approach glideslope is shown in green
(G and indicator.)
Vertical Deviation Source
Vertical Deviation Indicator
Outside Air Temperature (OAT)
The Outside Air Temperature, as sensed from the temperature probe on the
aircraft, is displayed to the left of the HSI. This temperature is used in calculating
the true airspeed.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
9
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
ILS Approach
GPS Approach
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Attitude Indicator
The standby mechanical Attitude Indicator in your aircraft is either a Ground
Pointer or a Roll Pointer configuration. The GDU 620 Attitude Indicator has been
configured in either a Ground Pointer or a Roll Pointer configuration to match
the configuration of your aircraft’s standby Attitude Indicator.
In an aircraft with an Attitude Indicator that has a Ground Pointer, the pointer
above the roll scale shifts with the roll or bank angle of the aircraft to keep the
Roll Scale Zero Pointer pointing towards the ground.
Roll Scale Zero Pointer
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Roll Pointer
Roll Scale
G500 Attitude Indicator with a Ground Pointer Configuration in a Left Turn
In an aircraft with an Attitude Indicator that has a Sky Pointer, the pointer
below the roll scale shifts with the roll or bank angle of the aircraft to keep the
Roll Pointer pointing towards the sky.
Roll Scale Zero Pointer
Roll Pointer
Roll Scale
G500 Attitude Indicator with a Sky Pointer Configuration in a Left Turn
10
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
The Slip/Skid Indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. The indicator moves
with the roll pointer and moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate lateral
acceleration. Slip/skid is indicated by the location of the bar relative to the pointer.
One bar displacement from the roll pointer is equivalent to one ball displacement
on a traditional Slip/Skid Indicator.
Roll Scale Zero
Roll Pointer
Slip/Skid Indicator
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI): Aircraft Heading
The top of the HSI displays current heading, current GPS track (magenta
diamond), heading trend, and turn rate markings. The heading trend indicates
what the aircraft heading will be in six seconds if the heading rate remains
unchanged. The turn rate markings, along with the heading trend, display standard
and half-standard rate turns.
Current Heading
Current GPS Track
Turn Rate Markings
Heading Trend
HSI Heading Markings
NOTE: If magnetic heading is lost, GPS ground track will be displayed
in place of heading. If magnetic heading and GPS ground track are
lost, a red “X” will appear in place of heading.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
11
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Slip/Skid Indicator
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Adjusting the Course Pointer
Press the CRS key and turn the PFD knob to select a course for a VOR or OBS
mode course.
HSI Bearing Pointers
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
NOTE: The Bearing Pointer for navigation source 1 (BRG1) will be an
arrow with a single line. The Bearing Pointer for navigation source 2
(BRG2) will be an arrow with a double line.
To toggle between the available bearing pointers, press the PFD soft key followed
by the BRG1 or BRG2 soft keys.
The BRG1 soft key cycles through modes NAV1 and GPS1. Additionally, ADF
is available if an ADF source is installed.
The BRG2 soft key cycles through modes, NAV2 and GPS2 if a second NAV
or GPS source is available. Additionally, ADF is available if an ADF source is
installed.
NAV2 Bearing Pointer
Selected source for
BRG 1 bearing pointer
NAV1 Bearing Pointer
Selected source for
BRG 2 bearing pointer
Bearing Pointers on the HSI
12
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
190-01102-03 Rev B
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
GPS1
GPS2
VOR1
VOR2
LOC1
LOC2
CDI Source
GPS Mode
GPS Advisory
LOI
Suspend
OCN
ENR
TERM
APR
LNAV
LNAV+V
LNAV/VNAV
LPV
PFD HSI Annunciations
CDI Source
The CDI Source on the HSI will display which navigation source is selected.
Navigation sources available: GPS1, VOR1, or LOC1.
Navigation sources available: GPS2, VOR2, or LOC2, if a second source is available.
GPS Mode
The GPS Mode annunciation on the HSI will be the same as what is annunciated
on the interfaced GPS unit. See the GPS/GNS Pilot’s Guide for a description of
each mode.
GPS Advisory
MSG: Displays when a new advisory message is displayed on the GNS.
LOI (Loss of Integrity): Displays when GPS integrity is lost.
Suspend
OBS: Displays when OBS mode is activated.
SUSP: Displays when automatic waypoint sequencing on the interfaced GPS unit is
suspended.
190-01102-03 Rev B
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
13
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
OBS
SUSP
MSG
LOI
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Switching Between Navigation Sources
GPS
NAVIGATOR 1
VLOC
NAVIGATOR 1
GPS
NAVIGATOR 2
VLOC
NAVIGATOR 2
CDI Sources
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) can display two sources of navigation:
GPS or NAV (VOR or LOC). Press the CDI soft key to toggle between the available
CDI modes, (GPS or VOR).
If a second GPS source or NAV source is available, pressing the 1 - 2 soft key
will toggle the navigation sources (VOR1 and VOR2, or GPS1 and GPS2).
NOTE: Verify the navigation source by the indication on the HSI.
NOTE: The selected navigator is the active navigator for all the PFD
and MFD operations, except for the supplemental bearing pointers.
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PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Autopilot (AP)
The G500 is able to interface to certain autopilot systems to provide heading,
course, and navigation information in much the same way as a typical HSI
indicator. Please refer to your particular autopilot manual for specific information
and operation instructions.
Heading
You are able to control your selected autopilot heading with the GDU 620 by
using the heading bug.
2) Engage your autopilot in heading hold mode.
3) Continue to control your selected autopilot heading by adjusting the heading
bug on the GDU 620.
Selected Heading Box
Selected Heading Box on HSI
Autopilot Test
The GAD 43 Adapter provides attitude and heading information from the
Garmin GRS 77 Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) to the autopilot.
The GAD 43 has the ability to disconnect the autopilot if an error in the GAD 43
output or GRS 77 is detected. This disconnect mechanism must be tested prior
to each flight in the following manner:
1) Upon GDU 620 startup, the AP TEST soft key is available on the GDU 620 PFD.
2) Engage the autopilot while on the ground.
3) Press the AP TEST soft key and verify that the autopilot disconnects and an
autopilot disconnect tone is annunciated by the autopilot.
NOTE: Not available with all autopilots.
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PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
1) Press the HDG key on the PFD and turn the PFD knob to set the desired
heading. When the knob is turned, the Selected Heading box will appear and
remain for three seconds after the knob stops moving.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Autopilot Disconnect
When the GDU 620 attitude monitors have detected an AHRS malfunction, or
the inability to actively monitor the AHRS, a “Check Attitude” annunciation will
be displayed on the PFD and the autopilot will automatically disconnect.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
NOTE: If an optional GAD 43 Adapter is installed and there is an AHRS
malfunction, the “Check Attitude” annunciation will appear on the
PFD. If it appears the autopilot will disengage and the pilot should
IMMEDIATELY control the aircraft by reference to the standby attitude
indicator.
Check Attitude Annunciation
Altitude Capture (Optional Interface)
The Altitude Preselect Function is a separately purchased option which works
with the autopilot. At the set altitude, the autopilot will go from a Vertical Speed
Mode (a climb or descent) to an Altitude Capture Mode where it will hold the
selected altitude.
1) Select the desired altitude on the GDU 620 by pressing the ALT key and
turning the PFD knob so the altitude bug is at the desired altitude.
2) Engage the autopilot in altitude capture mode.
3) The autopilot will capture the selected altitude.
NOTE: The selected Vertical Speed bug on the GDU 620 will not
control the autopilot vertical speed. The autopilot vertical speed must
be selected directly on the autopilot controller.
Autopilot Navigation
1) Set your navigation source and HSI to the desired course.
2) Engage your autopilot in navigation mode.
3) Control your autopilot navigation through the navigation source and the HSI.
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PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Autopilot Operation with GPSS
The GDU 620 processes heading and GPSS information and sends it to the
autopilot to allow the aircraft to anticipate turns and make smooth transitions
when passing waypoints.
1) Set your navigation source and HSI to the desired course.
2) Engage your autopilot in navigation mode.
3) Control your autopilot navigation through the navigation source and the HSI.
4) When GPSS mode is desired, activate GPSS on autopilot.
Autopilot Operation with the GDU 620 Emulating GPSS
1) Select GPS navigation on the HSI.
2) Set the HSI to the desired course (if in OBS mode).
3) Set the external Autopilot Heading Datum switch to GPSS.
Heading Bug Inactive Indication
GPSS Emulation Indication
4) Engage your autopilot in HDG mode.
NOTE: With GPSS engaged and in HDG mode, the heading bug will
not control your autopilot heading. This is annunciated next to the
HSI by the GPSS annunciation. The heading bug may still be used for
reference but the autopilot will not control the aircraft on the heading
bug.
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PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
NOTE: The GDU 620 has the ability to emulate GPSS roll steering for
autopilots that do not support GPSS. The GDU 620 emulates GPSS by
sending headings to the autopilot that guide turn anticipation.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
Additional Features
Garmin Synthetic Vision Technology™ (Optional)
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
Synthetic Vision Technology (SVT) is offered as an optional feature to the
G500.
SVT is primarily comprised of a computer-generated forward-looking, attitude
aligned view of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft from the pilot’s
perspective. SVT information is shown on the PFD.
SVT offers a three-dimensional view of terrain and obstacles. Terrain and
obstacles that pose a threat to the aircraft in flight are shaded yellow or red.
Airport
Sign
Zero-Pitch
Line
Horizon
Heading
Mark
Obstacle
Flight
Path
Marker
SVT
Terrain
Terrain
Threat
SVT Soft Keys
Synthetic Vision Imagery
NOTE: SVT will become disabled if the databases necessary to display
SVT are unavailable (generating a GDU DB ERR or SVT DISABLED alert)
or AHRS or GPS data is unavailable. SVT may be restored once the
fail conditions are removed by following the steps in “Displaying SVT
Terrain”.
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PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY (PFD)
The following features are part of the Synthetic Vision Technology. For more
details refer to the G500 Pilot’s Guide, Rev. C or later.
• Flight Path Marker
• Horizon Heading Marks
• Terrain/Obstacle Display and Alerting
• Three-dimensional Traffic
• Wind Vectors
• Airport Signs
• Runway Display
• Water
• Zero-Pitch Line
• Altitude Minimums Bug
NOTE: SVT may be deactivated under certain conditions, such as loss
of heading. Once condition is resolved, reactivate SVT, press the PFD
soft key followed by the SYN VIS soft key, then the SYN TERR soft key.
PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY
NOTE: SVT features are not a substitute for standard course and
altitude deviation information using the CDI, VSI, and VDI.
Displaying Garmin SVT™ Terrain
1)
2)
3)
4)
Press the PFD soft key.
Press the SYN VIS soft key.
Press the SYN TERR soft key.
Press the BACK soft key to return to the previous page.
Displaying Heading on the Horizon
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Press the PFD soft key.
Press the SYN VIS soft key.
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR soft key.
Press the HRZN HDG soft key.
Press the BACK soft key to return to the previous page.
Displaying Airport Signs
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Press the PFD soft key.
Press the SYN VIS soft key.
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR soft key.
Press the APTSIGNS soft key.
Press the BACK soft key to return to the previous page.
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MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY (MFD)
MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY
Multi-Function Display (MFD)
7
6
5
4
2
1
3
Multi-Function Display (MFD)
1
Soft Keys
2
Large MFD Knob: Use to move between page groups.
3
Small MFD Knob: Use to move within page groups.
4
Enter: Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
5
Clear: Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus. Pressing and
holding the CLR key displays the first page of the Map Group.
6
Menu: Displays configuration items for each page of the page groups.
7
Range Select: Changes the range on the map pages. Up arrow zooms out, down
arrow zooms in. Also aids in scrolling up and down text pages.
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MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY (MFD)
Page Navigation - Moving Between Pages
Page Group
Turn Large MFD knob
Page
Turn Small MFD knob
1) Turn the large MFD knob to move between page groups.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to change pages within the page group.
NOTE: Page Group and Page are shown at the bottom of the MFD.
1) Press the MENU key and make the necessary adjustments with the large
MFD knob and small MFD knobs.
2) Press the small MFD knob to activate editing.
3) Turn the large MFD knob to select the desired item.
4) Turn the small MFD knob to change the highlighted value.
5) Press ENT to accept displayed value or press the small MFD knob to cancel
selection or exit the editing mode.
Default Map Page
Press and hold the CLR key to return to the first page of the MAP group.
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MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY
Changing Settings within a Page
MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY (MFD)
MFD Soft Key Map
The soft keys available depend on the page displayed and the features available.
The soft key “Alerts” is present on the far right position on all MFD pages.
MAP
NAV MAP 1
DCLTR
MAP
MULTI-FUNCTION DISPLAY
AUX
WX
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
NAV MAP 2
DCLTR
MAP
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
TRAFFIC
STANDBY
OPERATE
ALT MODE
TERRAIN PROXIMITY
or
TERRAIN
360
ARC
WX DATA LINK
MAP 1
FPL
SYSTEM SETUP
LEGEND
ACTIVE FLIGHT
PLAN
DFLT UNIT
DFLT SPD
WX DATA LINK
MAP 2
LEGEND
XM INFO
WX DATA LINK
MAP 3
LOCK
XM RADIO
LEGEND
SRFC TIME
CHNL
WEATHER
RADAR
WAYPOINT INFO
WX
INFO
CHARTS
NOTAM
SELECT
CH CH +
DIR CH
BACK
CATGRY
(Optional)
MODE
OFF
STANDBY
WEATHER
GROUND
BACK
CONTROL
CAT CAT +
ALL
BACK
VOL
MUTEVOL VOL +
BACK
PRESETS
TILT
GAIN
BACK
VERTICAL
SYSTEM STATUS
LRU
DBASE
MFD Soft Key Map
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MAP GROUP
Map Group
Navigation Map 1 and Navigation Map 2 Pages
Soft Keys Found on Navigation Map Pages
NOTE: Panning can be used in Terrain pages to view elevation levels.
1) While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 of the Map Page
Group, press the small MFD knob. A flashing arrow (map pointer) will appear
in the center of the map page.
2) Turn the large MFD knob to move the map pointer left and
right (horizontally).
Map Pointer
3) Turn the small MFD knob to move the map pointer up and
down (vertically).
4) Press the small MFD knob again to exit panning mode.
Selecting Items on the Map
1) While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 of the Map Page
Group, while the map pointer is active, move the map pointer to highlight a
waypoint.
2) Press ENT to display information about the highlighted waypoint.
3) Press the INFO soft key (if available) to view more information about the
highlighted waypoint.
4) Press the WX soft key (if available) to view TAF and METAR information. Press
the small MFD knob again to return to the map.
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MAP GROUP: NAV PAGES
Moving the Map Pointer Around the Map (Panning)
MAP GROUP
Decluttering (DCLTR) the Map Pages
There are four levels of decluttering, DCLTR, DCLTR-1, DCLTR-2, and
DCLTR-3. DCLTR shows the most detail while DCLTR-3 removes most detail.
While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 page of the Map Page
Group, press the DCLTR soft key. Each successive press of the DCLTR soft key
will toggle through the declutter levels.
MAP GROUP: NAV PAGES
Turning on Map Overlays
While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 of the Map Page Group,
press the MAP soft key. Select the Traffic, TOPO, or Terrain overlays by pressing
the appropriate soft key.
Measuring Distances
1) While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 of the Map Page
Group, press MENU.
2) Turn the large MFD knob or the small MFD knob to highlight “Measure
Bearing/Distance” and then press ENT.
3) Turn the large MFD knob or small MFD knob to move the map pointer. The
distance, bearing, and coordinates are displayed at the top of the screen.
Distance, Bearing and Coordinates Display
Measuring Map Pointer
4) Press ENT to reset the distance and bearing values.
5) Press the small MFD knob to stop measuring.
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MAP GROUP
Customizing Maps
1) While viewing Navigation Map 1 or Navigation Map 2 of the Map Page
Group, press the MENU key. The option, “Map Setup” option will flash.
Map Setup Option Menu
MAP GROUP: NAV PAGES
2) Press the ENT key to enter the setup page. The selected group will be
flashing.
3) Turn the small MFD knob to activate the drop down menu and to move
within available groups (Map, Weather, Traffic, or Aviation).
Available Groups
4) Press the ENT key to select the group and set your preferences.
5) Turn the large MFD knob to move between fields.
6) Turn the small MFD knob to display available options. Press the ENT key to
select your preference and move to the next option.
7) When completed with setting preferences, press the small MFD knob to
return the Navigation Map 1 page.
8) Repeat the above steps to set preferences for the remaining groups.
NOTE: In the Map Options Setup section, the selected range is defined
as the map range below which the display feature will be visible.
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MAP GROUP: SETUP OPTIONS
MAP GROUP
Map Setup Options
Group
Selections
• Orientation (North Up, Track Up, DTK up, HDG up)
• North Up At (Off to 2500 NM)
• Auto Zoom (On or Off)
• Land Data (On or Off)
• Track Vector Length (Off to 20 mins)
• Wind Vector (On or Off)
• Nav Range Ring (On or Off)
MAP
• Topo Data (On or Off)
• Topo Scale (On or Off)
• TERRAIN Data (On or Off)
• TERRAIN Scale (On or Off)
• Obstacle Viewing Range (Off to 50 NM)
• Lat/Lon Viewing Range (Off to 2500 NM)
• Field of View (On or Off)
• NEXRAD Data Viewing Range (Off to 2000 NM)
• NEXRAD Cell Movement Range (Off to 2000 NM)
WEATHER
• NEXRAD Legend
• XM Lightning Viewing Range (Off to 2000 NM)
TRAFFIC • Traffic Mode (Off, All Traffic, TA/PA, TA Only)
• SafeTaxi Viewing Range (Range: Off to 10 NM)
• RWY Extension Range (Range: Off to 10 NM)
• INT/NDB Viewing Range (Range: Off to 50 NM)
• VOR Viewing Range (Range: Off to 500 NM)
• Class B/TMA (Range: Off to 2000 NM)
• Class C/TCA (Range: Off to 500 NM)
AVIATION
• Class D (Range: Off to 500 NM)
• Restricted (Range: Off to 500 NM)
• MOA (Military) (Range: Off to 500 NM)
• Other/Adiz (Range: Off to 500 NM)
• TFR (Range: Off to 2500 NM)
• Airways (Off, All, LO Only, HI Only)
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MAP GROUP
Traffic Map Page (Optional)
Soft Keys Found on Traffic Map Page
Traffic Annunciation
Traffic
Traffic Pop-Up
PFD Traffic Display
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MFD Traffic Pop-Up Window
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MAP GROUP: TRAFFIC PAGE
Traffic Display
When a traffic alert is generated by an interface traffic system, the PFD will
display a traffic annunciator and the MFD will have a pop-up screen displaying
the detected traffic. To remove the pop-up, press the CLR key. Press the ENT
key to go to the traffic page. The traffic pop-up window will be removed
when the traffic alert is no longer active.
MAP GROUP
MAP GROUP: TRAFFIC PAGE
Displaying and Operating Traffic Advisory Systems (TAS)
Traffic Map - TAS
1) While viewing the Traffic Page of the Map Page Group press the OPERATE
soft key to begin displaying traffic. “TAS OPERATING” is displayed in the
Traffic mode field located in the upper left hand corner of the MFD.
Traffic Mode Field
Altitude Mode Field
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MAP GROUP
2) Press the ALT MODE soft key to change what traffic is displayed. Pressing the
BELOW, NORMAL, ABOVE or UNREST soft keys will determine what traffic
is displayed. The selection is shown in the Altitude mode field. The values
below define what each altitude mode displays, relative to the altitude of the
aircraft.
Soft Key
BELOW
NORMAL
ABOVE
UNREST
Description
Displays traffic from -9700 to +2700 ft
Displays traffic from -2700 to +2700 ft
Displays traffic from -2700 to +9700 ft
All traffic is displayed (unrestricted)
NOTE: Some traffic systems will not enter standby mode while
airborne.
Test Mode (On Ground)
1) While viewing the Traffic Map Page of the Map Page Group, press the MENU
button and select Test Mode from the menu.
2) Verify that a traffic message is shown next to the altitude tape on the PFD
and that the traffic pop-up is displayed on the MFD.
After a few seconds, test mode is exited automatically by the traffic system.
Traffic Annunciation
Traffic Annunciation on PFD
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MAP GROUP: TRAFFIC PAGE
3) Press the STANDBY soft key to place the system in the Standby mode.
MAP GROUP
MAP GROUP: TRAFFIC PAGE
TIS Traffic
The Traffic Map Page is configured to show surrounding TIS traffic data in
relation to the aircraft’s current position and altitude, without clutter from the
basemap. Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is
no valid heading.
TIS receives traffic information from ground stations, and is updated every
five seconds. The GDU 620 displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-NM
radius, from 3000 feet below to 3500 feet above the requesting aircraft. Traffic is
displayed according to TCAS symbology using four different symbols.
Displaying TIS Traffic
While viewing the Traffic Page of the Map Page Group press the OPERATE soft
key to begin displaying traffic. “TIS OPERATING” is displayed in the upper
left hand corner of the MFD.
NOTE: TIS is disabled when a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is installed.
Operating Mode
Traffic
Advisory,
aircraft is 800
feet above,
climbing, and
moving away
Traffic Advisory,
aircraft is 1000
feet below and
moving away
Traffic Map - TIS
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MAP GROUP
Terrain Page
Soft Keys Found on Terrain Page
Garmin provides the following G500 TERRAIN selections, based upon your
system configuration.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is
greater than 75° North or 60° South.
NOTE: TERRAIN-SVT is standard when the Synthetic Vision Technology
(SVT) option is installed.
• TERRAIN-PROXIMITY - is a non-TSO-C151b certified terrain awareness
system. Do not confuse Terrain Proximity with TAWS. TAWS is TSOC151b certified and Terrain Proximity is not. Terrain Proximity does
not provide warning annunciations or voice alerts, it only provides
color indications on map displays when terrain and obstacles are within
a certain altitude threshold from the aircraft.
• TERRAIN-SVT - refers to a subset of Class B TAWS that meets the terrain
alerting requirements outlined in Section 7.b of AC 23-26. Terrain-SVT
is a non-TSO-C151b certified terrain awareness system. Do not confuse
Terrain-SVT with TAWS. TAWS is TSO-C151b certified and TerrainSVT is not. Terrain-SVT is a subset of Class B TAWS that provides a
Class B TAWS FLTA functionality, including visual alerting and aural
alerting. Terrain-SVT is provided with the Synthetic Vision functionality
and not marketed separately. Garmin Terrain-SVT is available in GDU
620 v3.00 or later, with SVT enabled.
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MAP GROUP: TERRAIN PAGE
WARNING: Do not use TERRAIN-SVT information for primary terrain
avoidance. TERRAIN-SVT is intended only to enhance situational
awareness.
MAP GROUP
Viewing Terrain
NOTE: Obstacles will be removed from the Terrain page when range
(RNG) exceeds 10 NM.
While viewing the Terrain page of the Map Page Group, press the 360 or ARC
soft keys to select the desired view.
MAP GROUP: TERRAIN PAGE
360 or ARC Soft Keys
Press MENU for selections to hide or show Aviation Data Overlay on the
Terrain page.
Aviation Data Overlay
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MAP GROUP
Terrain Pop-Up Alerts
TERRAIN-SVT™ Pop-Up Alert
TERRAIN-SVT alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity
level, or both. When an alert is issued, visual annunciations are displayed and
aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Refer to the Alerts section of this guide
for more information on alerts, both visual and aural. When an alert is issued,
annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. If the TERRAIN-SVT Page is not
displayed at the time, a pop-up alert appears on the MFD. To acknowledge
the pop-up alert and return to the currently viewed page, press the CLR key. To
acknowledge the pop-up alert and go to the TERRAIN-SVT page, press the ENT
key.
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MAP GROUP: TERRAIN PAGE
TERRAIN-SVT Pop-Up Alert on MFD
WX GROUP
WX Group
WX GROUP: DATA LINK PAGES
WX Data Link Map Pages
Soft Keys Found on WX Data Link Map Pages
NOTE: The preferences set on WX Data Link Map pages are unique to
each page.
Customizing the Weather Map
1) While viewing any of the WX Data Link Map pages in the WX Page Group,
press the MENU key to display the Weather Setup Menu. Press ENT.
2) Turn the large MFD knob to select desired item to change. Turn the small
MFD knob to set the preference of the weather feature option.
3) Press ENT to confirm your selection.
4) To return to the WX Data Link Map page, press the small MFD knob.
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WX GROUP
Weather Items
NOTE: Due to similarities in color schemes, it is not possible to display
NEXRAD Data and Echo Top Data at the same time.
NOTE: Due to similarities in color schemes, it is not possible to display
Echo Top Data and Cloud Top Data at the same time.
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WX GROUP: DATA LINK PAGES
WX Page Menu - Weather Setup
Menu Item
Selections Available
Map Orientation
North Up, Track Up
NEXRAD Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
NEXRAD Legend
On, Off
Echo Top Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Cloud Top Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Lightning Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Cell Mov Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
SIG/Air Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
METAR Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 500 FT to 2000 NM
Surface Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Surface Data Time
Range: Current, 12 HR to 48 HR
Frz Lvl Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Winds Aloft Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Winds Aloft Altitude
Range: Surface, 3000 FT to 42000 FT
County Data Viewing Range
Range: Off, 10 NM to 2000 NM
Cyclone Data Viewing Range
On, Off
WX GROUP
Weather Legend
A mini-legend can be displayed on the WX Data Link Map page upper right
hand corner for the weather products you selected in the
setup menu.
To view a full page legend:
WX GROUP: DATA LINK PAGES
1) While viewing any of WX Data Link Map pages in the
WX Page Group, press the LEGEND soft key.
2) Turn the small MFD knob or large MFD knob to view
the entire legend.
3) Exit and return to the map page by pressing either the
LEGEND soft key, ENT button, or the small MFD knob.
Displaying Surface Data and Winds Aloft
Mini-Legend
While viewing any of the pages in the WX Page Group, if
in the setup you chose to display SURFACE DATA VIEWING RANGE, the SRFC
TIME soft key will be available. Pressing the SRFC TIME soft key will cycle through
the age of the information in 12 hour increments from CURRENT to 48 HR.
While viewing any of the pages in the WX Page Group, if in the setup you chose
to display WINDS ALOFT DATA VIEWING RANGE, the WIND DOWN and WIND
UP soft keys will be available. To view winds aloft, press the WIND DOWN or
WIND UP soft keys to cycle through (up or down) the winds aloft altitudes.
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WX GROUP
Weather Radar (Optional)
Weather Radar Map Page
Soft Keys Found on Weather Radar Map Page
WX GROUP: WEATHER RADAR
Weather Radar
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WX GROUP
Airborne Color Weather Radar
WX GROUP: WEATHER RADAR
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. If it is desired
to transmit while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects
should be within 11 feet of the antenna.
CAUTION: In Standby Mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It
is always recommended to put the radar in Standby Mode before taxiing
the aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and
possibly causing damage to the radar assembly.
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
1) Turn the large MFD knob to select the last page of the WX Page Group.
2) Press the MODE soft key.
3) If the aircraft is on the ground, press the STANDBY soft key to initiate the
warm-up period. After the warm-up is complete, the radar enters Standby
Mode. After the aircraft is airborne, press the WEATHER soft key.
OR
If the aircraft is already airborne, press the WEATHER or GROUND soft key.
The warm-up period is initiated, after which the radar begins transmitting.
The horizontal scan is initially displayed. Press the BACK soft key, then the
VERTICAL soft key to scan vertically.
4) Press the RNG keys to select the desired range.
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
1) Press and turn the small MFD knob to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or
down. Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field. The range of tilting the
antenna is DN 15° to UP 15°.
2) Press the small MFD knob to confirm selection.
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WX GROUP
Adjusting the Antenna Bearing
1) Press the small MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the
BEARING field.
2) Adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right or left. Monitor the displayed
bearing value in the BEARING field. The range of the bearing is R45° to L45°.
1) Press the CONTROL soft key.
2) Press the BRG soft key.
Sector Scan
1) Press the small MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the
SECTOR SCAN field.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to select FULL, 60°, 40°, or 20° scan.
3) If desired, readjust the Bearing Line to change the center of the Sector Scan.
Turn the large MFD knob to move cursor to the BEARING field and turn the
small MFD knob to adjust the line.
Adjusting Gain
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode causes precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to “Calibrated” for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
1) Press the small MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the
GAIN field.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The gain
setting is visible in the gain field as a movable horizontal bar in a flashing
box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated position.
3) Press the ENT key to remove the cursor.
4) To restore the gain to the calibrated position, press the GAIN CAL soft key.
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39
WX GROUP: WEATHER RADAR
3) Press the ENT key to remove the cursor.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in
positioning the antenna for the vertical scan. If the Bearing Line is not displayed,
perform the following steps:
WX GROUP
Antenna Stabilization
1) To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the CONTROL soft
key.
WX GROUP: WEATHER RADAR
2) Press the STAB ON soft key to activate antenna stabilization or press the
STAB OFF soft key to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is shown
in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH™)
WATCH (Weather Attenuated Color Highlight) which helps identify possible
“shadowing” effects of short-range cell activity – identifying areas where radar
return signals are weakened, or attenuated, by intense precipitation (or large areas
of lesser precipitation) and may not fully reflect the “storm behind the storm”.
To activate the WATCH feature, press the CONTROL soft key. Press the WATCH
soft key. Press the WATCH soft key again to deactivate.
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system automatically switches to Standby Mode.
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AUX GROUP
Aux Group
System Setup Page
Soft Keys Found on System Setup Page
Setting Brightness and Mode
2) Turn the small MFD knob to brighten or dim the display.
3) Press ENT when you reach the desired level.
NOTE: When LEVEL is changed, the MODE defaults to MANUAL. If
MODE is set the AUTO, the LEVEL will adjust in response to ambient
light or a lighting bus, as configured during installation.
Setting Airspeed References
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob. Turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field in the
AIRSPEEDS box.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to change the speeds and to also turn the speeds
ON or OFF. When the speeds are turned ON they are shown near the bottom
of the Airspeed Tape if airspeed is zero.
V Speed References on Airspeed Tape
Airspeed References
NOTE: At any time during the setting of your airspeed references,
pressing the DFLT SPD soft key will restore the unit to its initial
configuration.
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41
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob. The LEVEL in the DISPLAY BRIGHTNESS box will flash.
AUX GROUP
Selecting Wind Vector Styles
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the field in the PFD
OPTIONS box.
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
2) Turn the small MFD knob to select the styles available for displaying wind
vectors. Each style shows direction and velocity of the wind.
Style 1
Style 2
Style 3
Style 4
Style 1 Displays headwind and crosswind components
Style 2 Displays total wind direction and speed.
Style 3 Displays total wind direction with headwind and crosswind speed components.
Style 4 Displays total wind direction in degrees with wind speed.
Synchronization (For Dual Installations Only)
NOTE: The SYNCHRONIZATION option will only be available if a
second GDU 620 is installed.
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field in the
SYNCHRONIZATION box.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to turn ON or OFF synchronization of the CDI. Turn
the large MFD knob to move to the BARO setting. Turn the small MFD knob
to turn the synchronization of the barometer ON or OFF.
3) Press ENT to move to the DATE/TIME box or press the small MFD knob to
exit the editing mode.
Synchronization Option
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AUX GROUP
Setting Time Format
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob. Turn the large MFD knob to the desired field in the DATE/TIME
box. The only items that are able to be modified is the TIME FORMAT and
TIME OFFSET. The date and time are coordinated with the GPS.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of LOCAL 12hr, LOCAL
24hr, and UTC (Universal Time, Coordinated). Turn the small MFD knob to the
desired format and press ENT to confirm your selection.
Setting Time Offset
2) Use the small MFD knob and large MFD knob to edit the time offset.
3) Press ENT to confirm your selection. Press the small MFD knob to exit the
editing mode.
To convert UTC to local time, a time offset must be chosen. See the table below
to determine the time offset.
Time Zone
Atlantic
Eastern
Central
Mountain
Pacific
Alaskan
Hawaiian
Standard Local Time Offset
-4 hours
-5 hours
-6 hours
-7 hours
-8 hours
-9 hours
-10 hours
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Daylight Saving Time Offset
-3 hours
-4 hours
-5 hours
-6 hours
-7 hours
-8 hours
-9 hours
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
43
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob. Turn the large MFD knob to the time offset portion of the DATE/
TIME box.
AUX GROUP
MFD Display Units
NOTE: At any time during the setting of your preferences, pressing
the DFLT UNIT soft key will restore the settings for brightness,
synchronization, time format, time offset and display units to the initial
settings.
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
NOTE: The corresponding GNS must also be set to match the selection
chosen (distance, speed, NAV angle, pressure, and temperature units)
on the GDU 620.
Setting Distance and Speed Units
1) Press the small MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the MFD
DISPLAY UNITS box.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of IMPERIAL, METRIC, and
NAUTICAL units for distance and speed displayed on MFD. Press ENT to
confirm your selection. Press the small MFD knob to exit editing mode.
Setting Altitude and Vertical Speed Units
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field of the
MFD DISPLAY UNITS box.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of FEET or METRIC units
for altitude and vertical speed. Press ENT to confirm your selection. Press the
small MFD knob to exit editing mode.
Setting Nav Angle
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field of the
SYSTEM DISPLAY UNITS box.
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of MAGNETIC(°) or TRUE (°)
measurement for navigating. Press ENT to confirm your selection and move
to the next preference or press the small MFD knob to exit editing mode.
Setting Pressure Units
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field of the
SYSTEM DISPLAY UNITS box.
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AUX GROUP
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of INCHES(IN) or
HECTOPASCALS (HPA) for your barometric pressure units. Press ENT to confirm
your selection and move to the next preference or press the small MFD knob
to exit editing mode.
Setting Temperature Units
1) While viewing the System Setup Page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and turn the large MFD knob to move to the desired field of the
SYSTEM DISPLAY UNITS box.
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45
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
2) Turn the small MFD knob to display your choices of CELSIUS(°C) or
FAHRENHEIT(°F) for the temperature. Press ENT to confirm your selection and
press the small MFD knob to exit editing mode.
AUX GROUP
XM® Information Page (Optional)
Soft Key Found on XM Information Page
AUX GROUP: XM INFO PAGE
While viewing the XM Information page of the Aux Group, turn the small
MFD knob to display the XM Information screen. This page contains the Data
Radio and Audio Radio IDs. The only option on this page is to LOCK in your
information once your subscription has been activated.
XM Information Page
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AUX GROUP
XM® Radio Page (Optional)
Soft Keys Found on XM Radio Page
TO
1) While viewing the XM Radio page of the Aux Page Group, press the small
MFD knob and then turn the small MFD knob to highlight the desired
channel.
2) Press ENT to make the highlighted channel the Active Channel.
3) Press the small MFD knob to end editing.
4) Press CHNL and then the CH+ or CH- soft keys to increment up or down one
channel at a time in the active category.
5) Press CHNL and then the DIR CH soft key to directly select a channel in the
active channel field. Turn the small MFD knob and large MFD knob to select
desired channel.
6) Press ENT to save the selection or press the small MFD knob to cancel
selection.
Selecting a Channel within a Category
1) Press CATGRY to highlight the category window.
2) Press CAT+ or CAT- to cycle through the different categories or turn the small
MFD knob to the category and press ENT.
3) Turn the small MFD knob to move to the desired channel.
4) Press ENT to make that channel the active channel.
5) Press the small MFD to end editing.
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AUX GROUP: XM RADIO PAGE
Selecting a Channel
AUX GROUP
Volume
While viewing the XM Radio page of the Aux Group, press the VOL soft key.
Press the VOL+ or VOL- soft keys or turn the small MFD knob to increase or
decrease radio volume. Press the small MFD knob when done adjusting. To mute
the radio, press the MUTE soft key. To restore the radio volume, press MUTE again
or the VOL+ or VOL- soft keys.
AUX GROUP: XM RADIO PAGE
Storing a Preset Channel
While viewing the XM Radio page, you may set a preset for the Active Channel.
Press the PRESETS soft key. Press and hold a preset soft key, such as PS1 until it
blinks. You are able to preset up to 15 channels.
Recalling a Preset Channel
While viewing the XM Radio page, press the PRESETS soft key and press the
preset soft key for the desired stored channel, such as PS1. To move to the next
group of presets, press the MORE soft key.
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AUX GROUP
System Status Page
Soft Keys Found on System Status Page
System Status Page
1) While viewing the System Status page of the Aux Page Group, press the LRU
soft key and turn the small MFD knob to scroll through the status, serial
number and version of each LRU. Press the small MFD knob to exit.
2) Press the DBASE soft key and turn the small MFD knob to view the list of the
databases loaded into the GDU 620. Press the small MFD knob to exit.
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49
AUX GROUP: SYSTEM STATUS PAGE
The System Status page of the AUX Page group shows the status, serial number,
and version of LRUs as well as the effectivity information. There are no menu
options. In the LRU Status column, a green check means the unit is present and
operating properly, while a red X indicates an absence or failure. This page is
for informational purposes and there are no items that are able to be modified.
FPL GROUP
Flight Plan Group
Active Flight Plan Page
Soft Keys Found on Active Flight Plan Page
FPL GROUP: ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Viewing Your Active Flight Plan
The active flight plan (as received from the active GNS unit) is shown on the
first page of the Flight Plan page group. No changes to the flight plan can be made
from the GDU 620. All flight plan changes must be made from the GNS unit.
Active Flight Plan Page
1) While viewing the Active Flight Plan page of the FPL Page Group, press the
small MFD knob and then turn the large MFD knob to highlight waypoints in
the flight plan.
2) Press the INFO soft key to view information about the highlighted waypoint.
3) Press the small MFD knob to return to the Active Flight Plan page.
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FPL GROUP
Waypoint Information Page
Soft Keys Found on Waypoint Information Page
1) While viewing the Waypoint Information page of the FPL Page Group, press
the small MFD knob and then turn the small and large MFD knobs to select
the waypoint. You can also turn the small MFD knob counterclockwise to
obtain drop down menus for FPL, Nearest, and Recent.
2) Press the INFO soft key to view information about the waypoint.
3) Press the WX soft key (if available) to view weather information for the
waypoint.
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51
FPL GROUP: WAYPOINT INFO PAGE
Waypoint Information Page
FPL GROUP
Charts Page (Optional)
Soft Keys Found on Charts Page
Change Day/Night View
1) While viewing the Charts page of the FPL Page Group, press the MENU key
to display the Options menu.
FPL GROUP: CHARTS PAGE
2) Press ENT to go to Chart Setup. The Color Scheme option will be highlighted.
3) Turn the small MFD knob to select Day - Auto - Night.
4) Press the small MFD knob to save the selected value and return to the Charts
page.
5) If “Auto” is selected, turn the large MFD knob to highlight the Display Level
Brightness value. Turn the small MFD knob to change the display level value
for which the display will automatically switch from Day/Night brightness.
6) Press the ENT key to save the selected value.
Viewing Charts and Panning
1) While viewing the Charts page of the FPL Page Group, press the RNG (Range)
keys to zoom in and out.
2) Press the small MFD knob to enter the panning mode and activate scroll bars
on the edges of the chart.
3) Turn the large MFD knob to move around the chart horizontally and turn the
small MFD knob to move vertically.
4) Press the small MFD knob to cancel the scroll bars and exit panning.
NOTE: Panning mode is available when scroll bars are present.
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FPL GROUP
Viewing NOTAMs
In the event there is an active NOTAM (Notice to Airmen) for a particular
chart, the NOTAM soft key will be available. To view the information press the
NOTAM soft key.
FPL GROUP: CHARTS PAGE
Charts Page
Selecting a Chart
1) While viewing the Charts page of the FPL Page Group, press the SELECT soft
key to change the airport or chart.
2) Turn the small and large MFD knobs to select the airport identifier and press
ENT to accept the selected airport.
3) Turn the large MFD knob to select the desired chart.
4) Press ENT to display the desired chart.
NOTE: The chart for the selected destination airport or approach is
automatically loaded. If the destination airport is in the flight plan, the
chart page will default to the nearest airport.
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53
FPL GROUP
Selecting Other Charts
You are able to choose other charts to display based on your flight plan (FPL),
charts of the nearest airport (NRST) or your most recently selected airport
(RECENT).
1) While viewing the Charts page of the FPL Page Group, press the SELECT soft
key.
2) Turn the small MFD knob counterclockwise.
3) Turn the small MFD knob to show FPL, NRST, or RECENT.
FPL GROUP: CHARTS PAGE
4) Turn the large MFD knob to highlight the desired airport, then press ENT.
Display Charts From
Flight Plan
54
Display Charts Of
Nearest Airport
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
Display Charts From
Recent Choices
190-01102-03 Rev B
FPL GROUP
Chart Information
FliteCharts®
The GDU 620 comes with a 180 days subscription to FliteCharts. FliteCharts
resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office (NACO)
terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in
color for applicable charts. The database contains procedure charts for the United
States only. This database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within
180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
ChartView™ (Optional)
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high resolution. The MFD depiction
shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of approach
charts and on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView
database is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will
no longer function.
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FPL GROUP: CHARTS PAGE
SafeTaxi® (Optional)
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when zooming
in on airports at close range. The airport display on the map reveals runways
with numbers, taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, and airport landmarks
including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent features.
Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. When the aircraft location is within the
screen boundary, including within SafeTaxi ranges, an airplane symbol is shown
on the navigation map views for enhanced positional awareness.
These diagrams aid in following ground control instructions by accurately
displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways,
terminals, and services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
ALERTS
Alerts
NOTE: Contact your Garmin dealer for service if any of the following
alerts appear.
On Screen Alerts
Alert
AHRS1 GPS
AHRS1 SRVC
ALERTS
AHRS1 TAS
CAL LOST
CHECK ATTITUDE
CNFG MISMATCH
CNFG MODULE
DATA LOST
DIAG MODE
FAN 1/2 FAIL
GAD 43
56
Description
AHRS 1 not receiving any GPS information.
AHRS 1 is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS 1 is using the backup GPS information.
AHRS1 magnetic field model needs update. This appears on
the ground only.
AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from ADC.
Registry reports that the GDU 620 has lost calibration data.
The GDU 620 attitude monitors have detected an AHRS
malfunction, or the inability to actively monitor the AHRS
output. The autopilot will automatically disconnect. This
alert will display on the PFD and only appears with the
installation of an optional GAD 43 Adapter.
GDU 1-2 airframe configuration settings disagree.
Failure of configuration module.
Pilot stored data was lost. Recheck data and settings.
System is in Diagnostic Mode.
Cooling fan #1 or #2 has failed.
Gyro Emulation Type Mismatch Fault
Yaw Rate Scale Factor Mismatch Fault
GDU AHRS Monitor Fault
Pitch Deviation Fault
Roll Deviation Fault
Yaw Rate Deviation Fault
AHRS A429 Attitude Timeout Fault
AHRS A429 Attitude Invalid Fault
AHRS Pitch Out of Range Fault
G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
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ALERTS
Alert
GAD 43 (cont’d)
GAD 43 FAIL
GATE MODE
GEO LIMITS
GPS1/2 FAIL
GWX CONFIG
GWX SERVICE
HDG FAULT
HDG LOST
<LRU> CONFIG
<LRU> COOLING
<LRU> DB ERR
<LRU> SERVICE
<LRU> VOLTAGE
MANIFEST
NAV1/2 FAIL
SIMULATOR
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ALERTS
GPS(1/2) PPS FAIL
Description
AHRS Attitude Invalid Fault
AHRS A429 Heading Timeout Fault
AHRS A429 Heading Invalid Fault
Reference Timeout Fault
Application SCI Integrity Fault
Configuration Integrity Fault
Calibration Integrity Fault
Unit Fault
Power Supply Fault
GAD 43 communication lost.
Automated testing is on.
AHRS too far North/South, no magnetic compass.
No GPS1 or GPS2 data is available.
The PPS signal has not been received in more than 5
seconds.
GWX configuration error. Configuration service required.
GWX need service. Return unit for repair.
AHRS 1 magnetometer fault has occurred.
HDG features disabled or defaulted to GPS1 TRK.
Error in configuration of specific LRU, where <LRU>
denotes specific LRU.
Specific LRU has poor cooling, reducing power usage.
Database for specific LRU is corrupt.
Specific LRU needs service.
<LRU> has low voltage reducing power usage.
GDU has received product data for an LRU that should
have a manifest entry, but is not in the manifest.
No navigation receiver #1 or #2 data.
Sim Mode is active. Do not use for navigation.
57
ALERTS
Alert
SVT DISABLED
SW MISMATCH
TRK LOST
TRK TRAFFIC
TRAFFIC FAIL
WX ALERT
WX RADAR FAIL
Description
Out of available terrain region.
Terrain DB resolution too low.
GDU software version strings to no match. Xtalk is off.
GPS1 TRK lost. HSI defaulted to GPS2 TRK.
Heading lost. Traffic is now based on track.
Traffic device has failed.
Possible severe weather ahead.
Weather radar has failed.
Terrain-SVT™ Alerts
ALERTS
Terrain DSP
Terrain SVT System Test
Fail
Terrain awareness display unavailable.
“Terrain System Failure”
FLTA Terrain Caution
“Caution, Terrain, Terrain”
FLTA Terrain Warning
“Warning, Terrain, Terrain”
FLTA Obstacle Caution
“Caution, Obstacle, Obstacle”
FLTA Obstacle Warning
“Warning, Obstacle, Obstacle”
* Alerts with multiple messages can be configured at installation and are installationdependent. Alerts for the default configuration are indicated with asterisks.
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SYMBOLS
Symbols
Map Page Symbols
Symbol
Description
Unknown Airport
Non-towered, Non-serviced Airport
Towered, Non-serviced Airport
Non-towered, Serviced Airport
Towered, Serviced Airport
Soft Surface, Serviced Airport
Soft Surface, Non-serviced Airport
SYMBOLS
Private Airport
Heliport
Intersection
LOM (compass locator at outer marker)
NDB (Non-directional Radio Beacon)
VOR
VOR/DME
ILS/DME or DME-only
VORTAC
TACAN
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59
SYMBOLS
SafeTaxi® Symbols
Symbol
Description
Helipad
Airport Beacon
Under Construction Zones
Unpaved Parking Areas
Traffic Symbols
Description
(Highest to Lowest Priority)
SYMBOLS
Symbol
Traffic Advisory (TA), In Range
Traffic Advisory (TA), Out of Range
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Other Traffic
On-Ground Aircraft
Ground Non-Aircraft Vehicle
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SYMBOLS
Terrain Obstacle Symbols
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is less than
1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is less
than 1000’ AGL)
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is greater
than 1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is greater
than 1000’ AGL)
NOTE: Obstacles will be removed from the Terrain/TAWS page when
range (RNG) exceeds 10 NM.
Potential Impact Point
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
Terrain above or
within 100 ft
below the aircraft
altitude (Red)
Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraft altitude (Yellow)
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude (Black)
Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation
Map Toolbar Symbols
Symbol
Description
Overzoom Indicator
Terrain Proximity Enabled and Available Indicator
Terrain Proximity Enabled and Not Available Indicator
Traffic Enabled and Available Indicator
Traffic Enabled and Not Available Indicator
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61
SYMBOLS
1000 ft
SYMBOLS
XM® Weather Toolbar Symbols
Symbol
Description
NEXRAD
Echo Top
Cloud Top
XM Lightning
Cell movement
SIGMETs / AIRMETs
SYMBOLS
METARs
City Forecast
Surface Analysis
Freezing Levels
Winds Aloft
County Warnings
Cyclone Warnings
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SYMBOLS
Miscellaneous Symbols
Symbol
Description
Default Aircraft (Ownship)
High Wing Aircraft
Jet Aircraft
Default Map Pointer
Elevation Map Pointer
User Waypoint
Parallel Track Waypoint
SYMBOLS
TFR (Temporary Flight Restrictions)
Restricted/Prohibited/Warning/Alert
MOA
Class B Airspace
Class C Airspace
Class D Airspace
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G500 Cockpit Reference Guide
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© 2009 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Rd., SE, Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726
Fax. 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park,
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel. +44 (0) 870 850 1243
Fax +44 (0) 238 052 4004
GARMIN Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-01102-03 Rev. B
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