Garmin GDL 39 GPS Receiver User Manual

400W Series
Quick
Reference
Comm Freq
Flip/Flop
Photocell
for AutoDimming
Com Freq
Window
Nav Freq
Window
Graphic Moving
Map Display and
Navigation Info
Direct-To Key
Range Keys
Power and Com
Volume/Squelch
Clear Key
Enter Key
Terrain Database Card
Aviation Database Card
Waypoint and
arrival alerts,
turn advisories,
function, and
page number
Nav Radio
Volume
Nav Radio Freq Flip/Flop
Large Knob
Com/VLOC
Freq (MHz)
Small Knob
Com/VLOC
Freq (kHz)
Menu Key
Large Knob
Terrain, Flight
Phase, and
GPS Integrity
Annunciator
Cam
Lock
CDI
Key
Navigation
Source: GPS,
VLOC, or
GPS-PTK
OBS
Key
Flight Plan
Key
Message
Key
Small Knob
(Cursor - Press
to activate)
Procedure Key
MODEL DESCRIPTIONS
Model Descriptions
This guide covers the operation of the GPS 400W, GNC
420W, GNC 420AW, GNS 430W, and GNS 430AW. In
general, all models will be referred to as the 400W-series,
except where there are physical or operational differences.
The 400W-series units are 6.25” wide and 2.66” high. The
display is a 240-by-128 pixel color LCD. The units include
two removable data cards: one with a Jeppesen database
(inserted in the left-most card slot) and the second is a Terrain database (inserted in the right-most card slot).
mation, the GPS 400W can connect to XM Satellite Radio’s
XM WX Weather Service via the GDL 69/69A datalink
receiver. The GDL 69A can also allow you to subscribe to
XM audio services.
GPS 400W
GNC 420W
GNC 420AW
GNS 430W
GNS 430AW
GPS 400W
The GPS 400W is a GPS-only unit with a WAAS GPS
engine and is TSO C146a certified for en route, terminal,
precision, and non-precision approaches. The GPS 400W
can simultaneously give aviators vital approach information
and weather and traffic data in relation to their position
on a color moving map display. Thanks to a high-contrast
color display, the information can be easily read from wide
viewing angles even in direct sunlight. Its color moving
map features a built-in database that shows cities, highways, railroads, rivers, lakes, coastlines, and a complete
Jeppesen aviation database. The Jeppesen aviation database
(can be updated with a front-loading data card) contains
all airports, VORs, NDBs, Intersections, FSS, Approach,
DPs/STARs, and SUA information. The obstacle and terrain
databases provide an aid to navigation to help you work
with approved navigation charts.
Pilots will enjoy the GPS 400W as a multi-function
display (MFD), especially when it is coupled with traffic, lightning detection, and weather interfaces like Ryan
TCAD, TIS from the Garmin GTX 330 Mode S transponder, L3 SKYWATCH™, or STORMSCOPE® WX 500. With
the FDE prediction program included with the Trainer CD,
the GPS 400W may be used for oceanic or remote operations. For the latest in graphical and textual weather infor-
GNC 420W and GNC 420AW
The GNC 420W and GNC 420AW include all of the
features of the GPS 400W, and also include an IFR certified
airborne VHF communications transceiver. This multipurpose unit is available with either a 10-watt (GNS 420W)
or 16-watt (GNS 420AW) Com transmitter. Since the only
difference between these two units is the power of the
communications transmitter, references to the GNC 420W
will also include the GNC 420 AW.
GNS 430W and GNS 430AW
The GNS 430W and GNS 430AW include all of the
features of the GPS 420W/420AW, and also include IFR
certified airborne VOR/Localizer and Glideslope receivers.
This multipurpose unit is available with either a 10-watt
(GNS 430W) or 16-watt (GNS 430AW) Com transmitter.
Since the only difference between these two units is the
power of the communications transmitter, references to the
GNS 430W will also include the GNS 430 AW.
1
KEYS AND KNOBS
Left-hand Keys and Knobs
k
In the GNC 420W and the GNS 430W, the
COM power/volume knob controls unit
power and communications radio volume.
Press the knob momentarily to enable/disable
automatic squelch control.
j
In the GNS 430W, the VLOC volume knob
controls audio volume for the selected VOR/
Localizer frequency. Press momentarily to
enable/disable the ident tone.
y
In the GNC 420W and GNS 430W, the large
left knob is used to tune the megahertz
(MHz) value of the standby frequency for
the COM transceiver or the VLOC receiver,
whichever is currently selected by the tuning
cursor.
v
In the GNC 420W and GNS 430W, the small
left knob is used to tune the kilohertz (kHz)
value of the standby frequency for the COM
transceiver or the VLOC receiver, whichever
is currently selected by the tuning cursor.
Press this knob momentarily to toggle the
tuning cursor between the COM and VLOC
windows.
W
In the GNC 420W and GNS 430W, the COM
flip-flop key is used to swap the active and
standby COM frequencies. Press and hold to
select emergency channel (121.500 MHz).
V
In the GNS 430W, the VLOC flip-flop key
is used to swap the active and standby VLOC
frequencies (i.e., make the selected standby
frequency active).
2
COM power/
volume
VLOC volume
Small left knob
COM flip-flop
VLOC flip-flop
Large left knob
KEYS AND KNOBS
Right-hand Keys and Knobs
R
The range key (RNG) allows you to select
the desired map scale. Press the up arrow side
of the key to zoom out or the down arrow
side to zoom in.
D
The direct-to key allows you to enter a
destination waypoint and establishes a direct
course to the selected destination.
m
The menu key (MENU) displays a contextsensitive options list. The options list allows
you to make settings changes that relate to
the currently displayed page.
c
The clear key (CLR) is used to erase information or cancel an entry. Press and hold this
key to immediately display the Default NAV
Page.
E
The enter key (ENT) is used to approve an
operation or complete data entry. It is also
used to confirm information, such as during
power on.
t
The large right knob is used to select
between the various page groups: NAV, WPT,
AUX or NRST. With the on-screen cursor
enabled, the large right knob allows you to
move the cursor about the page.
r
The small right knob is used to select
between the various pages within one of the
groups listed above. Press this knob momentarily to display the on-screen cursor. The
cursor allows you to enter data and/or make a
selection from a list of options.
Range (map scale)
Direct-To
Menu
Enter
Clear
Large right knob
Small right knob
3
KEYS
Bottom Row Keys
F
The flight plan (FPL) key allows you to
create, edit, activate and invert flight plans,
as well as access approaches, departures and
arrivals. A closest-point-to-flight-plan feature
is also available from the flight plan key.
P
The procedures (PROC) key allows you
to select approaches, departures and arrivals from your active flight plan. When using
a flight plan, available procedures for your
departure and/or arrival airport are offered
automatically. Otherwise, you may select the
desired airport, then the desired procedure.
GPS 400W
GNC 420W
GNS 430W
N
The nearest (NRST) key (GPS 400W
and GNC 420W only) displays the nearest
airports page. Then, turning the small right
knob steps through the NRST pages.
C
In the GNS 430W, the CDI key is used to
toggle which navigation source (GPS or
VLOC) provides output to an external HSI or
CDI.
O
The omni-bearing selector (OBS) key
is used for two functions: to activate OBS
selection and as a suspend key.
As a Suspend (SUSP) key, it is used to
select manual or automatic sequencing of
waypoints. Pressing this key selects SUSP
mode, which retains the current “active to”
waypoint as your navigation reference even
after passing the waypoint (i.e., prevents
sequencing to the next waypoint). Pressing the OBS key again returns to normal
operation, with automatic sequencing of
waypoints.
Whenever OBS mode is selected, you may
set the desired course to/from a waypoint
using the OBS Page, or an external OBS
selector on your HSI or CDI.
M
4
The message (MSG) key is used to view
system messages, important warnings, and
requirements.
POWER ON
Powering on the Unit
1.
Turn the COM power/volume knob clockwise to
turn the unit on and set the desired radio volume.
2.
The Main and GPS software version page appears
briefly, followed by land and terrain database pages,
as the unit conducts self-tests to ensure proper
operation.
3.
Once the self-test concludes, database confirmation pages are displayed, showing the effective and
expiration dates of the databases on the NavData®
card. Press the ENT key to acknowledge the last
database page and proceed to the instrument panel
self-test page. There may be more self-test screens
depending on optional equipment installed in your
aircraft.
4.
The instrument panel self-test page allows you
to verify that the unit is communicating properly
with in-panel instruments. Compare on-screen
indications with the information depicted on
connected instruments, such as the CDI, HSI, RMI
and/or external annunciators. Once you have verified proper operation, turn the large right knob
to select "Set Full Fuel?", "Go To Checklist", or
"OK?" (to display the Satellite Status Page), and
then press the ENT key.
5.
When the GPS receiver has acquired a sufficient
number of satellites to determine a position, the
Map Page will automatically appear showing your
present position.
Power-up Sequence
5
SCREEN LAYOUT/CURSORS/FREQ SELECTION/DATA ENTRY
Frequency Selection
Screen Layout (windows)
Active Frequency on top & Standby on bottom
(active window highlighted by cursor)
{
VLOC
Window {
COM
Window
{
If the tuning cursor is not currently in
the desired window (COM or VLOC),
press the small left knob momentarily
to switch the highlight between the
COM and VLOC windows. Adjusting the
frequencies with the large and small
left knobs will affect the standby frequency.
2.
Turn the large left knob to select
the desired megahertz (MHz) value.
For example, the “117” portion of the
frequency “117.80”.
3.
Turn the small left knob to select the
desired kilohertz (kHz) value. For example, the “.80” portion of the frequency
“117.80”.
4.
To activate the selected frequency, press the
appropriate flip-flop key to swap the COM or
VLOC frequency from the standby into the active
window.
GPS
Window
The 400W-series display is divided into four separate
“windows” (or screen areas). The top left 1/4 of the display
provides a COM window (top two lines) and a VLOC
window (bottom two lines) The three lines at the bottom
left of the display are used for terrain, flight phase, and
GPS integrity annunciators. The right 3/4 of the display
consists of a GPS window, which is where you’ll find the
various navigation, waypoint information and settings
“pages.”
Each unique screen of information is referred to as
a page. Pages are typically selected using the small and
large right knobs—with the cursor removed from the
GPS window. See the following page for details on arrangement of the 400W-series main pages.
Cursors
There are two separate cursors: a tuning cursor and a
GPS window cursor. The tuning cursor is used to select
the standby COM or VLOC frequency. If desired, press the
small left knob to move the tuning cursor to the VLOC
window. Then, use the small and large left knobs to
select the desired frequency. The COM and VLOC flipflop keys are used to swap the active and standby frequencies. Push in on small right knob and then turn the large
right knob to move the GPS window cursor around the
page.
6
1.
To Quickly Tune and Activate the 121.500 Emergency
Channel (GNS 430W and GNC 420W only)
1.
Press and hold the COM flip/flop key for approximately two seconds.
Data Entry
Data is entered in the GPS
window using the large and
small right knobs. The large
right knob is used to move
the cursor between fields. The
small right knob is used to
select individual characters at
the highlighted cursor location.
PAGE SELECTION
(Small right knob to select pages within the group)
NAV Group
Map
Default NAV
Terrain
NAVCOM
(Large right knob to change page groups)
Airport Location Airport Runway Airport Frequency Airport Approach
VOR
VNAV
User Waypoint
Utility
Airport Arrival
Airport Departure
Intersection
Selection of any main page is performed using the large
and small right knobs. When the GPS window cursor is
off, the large right knob selects the page group: NAV, WPT,
AUX or NRST. The small right knob selects the desired page
within a group. To quickly select the Default NAV Page, press
and hold the CLR key.
AUX Group
Flight Planning
Satellite Status
Five, or more, NAV pages are available when the unit’s
installation includes connection to traffic and/or weather
information sources.
WPT Group
NDB
Position
Setup 1
Setup 2
Nearest NDB
Nearest VOR
NRST Group
Nearest Airport Nearest Intersection
Nearest User Wpt
Nearest Center
Nearest FSS
Nearest Airspace
FPL Group
PROC
Active Flight Plan Flight Plan Catalog
Procedures
Flight plan pages are selected by pressing the
FPL key and using the small right knob to
select the desired page.
The Procedures pages are selected by pressing
the PROC key and using the small or large
right knobs to select a procedure.
7
DEFAULT NAV PAGE / ANNUNCIATORS
Default NAV Page
To Select a Different Data Item for any Data Field
Course
Deviation
Indicator (CDI)
TO/FROM
Flag
User-selectable
Data Fields
Active Leg of
Flight Plan
The following symbols are used (directly below the
CDI) to depict the active leg of a flight plan or direct-to:
1.
With the default NAV page displayed, press the
MENU key to display an options menu.
2.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight the
“Change Fields?” option,
and press the ENT key to
select this option.
3.
Use the large right knob
to highlight the data field
you wish to change.
4.
Turn the small right
knob to display the list
of available data items.
Continue turning the
small right knob to
select the desired data
item from the list.
5.
Press the ENT key to select the desired data item
and return to the default NAV page.
6.
Press the small right knob to remove the cursor
from the page.
Course to a Waypoint, or Desired Course between Two Waypoints
Direct-To a Waypoint
Vectors-To-Final
Left-hand Holding Pattern
Right Procedure Turn
Right-hand Holding Pattern
Left Procedure Turn
DME Arc to the left
DME Arc to the right
To Quickly Display the Default NAV Page
1.
From any page, press and hold the CLR key for
approximately two seconds.
Bottom Row Annunciators and Messages
Terrain annunciations:
Ter Test, Ter N/A, Terrain, Ter INHB,
and TER Fail
Message Annunciator: Flashing (new message), On, or blank (no message)
CDI/RAIM Mode: Approach (LNAV,
LNAV+V, L/VNAV, or LPV ), Oceanic (OCN), Terminal (TERM), En
Route (ENR) or “0.30” (if the CDI is
manually set to "0.30" and not flying
an approach)
GPS Integrity Failure
8
Navigation Source:
GPS, VLOC, or GPS-PTK
OBS Mode: Suspend
(SUSP), OBS or blank (for
auto-sequencing)
Page Annunciator (NAV/WPT/AUX/
NRST/FPL/VNAV/PROC), Waypoint
Alert (“NEXT DTK”), Turn Advisory
(“LT TO xxxº”), etc.
MAP PAGE
Map Page
User-selectable
Data Fields
Map Display
To Turn the Data Fields On/Off on the Right Side of the
Map
1.
With the map
page displayed,
press MENU to
display an options
menu.
2.
Turn the large right knob to highlight
“Data Fields Off?” and press the ENT key.
3.
To re-display the data fields, follow steps 1 and
2, but instead select “Data Fields On?” from the
options menu.
Present
Position
Map Scale
The following symbols are used to depict the various
airports and navaids on the map page:
Airport with hard surface runway(s); Primary runway shown
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only
Private Airfield
Intersection
VOR
VORTAC
VOR/DME
TACAN
DME
NDB
Localizer
Locator Outer Marker
To Select a Different Data Item for any Data Field:
1.
With the map page displayed, press the MENU key
to display an options menu.
2.
Turn the large right knob to highlight “Change
Fields?” and then press ENT.
3.
Use the large right knob to highlight the data
field you wish to change.
4.
To Quickly Declutter the
Map Display
Turn the small right knob to display the list of
available data items. Continue turning the small
right knob to select the desired data item from
the list.
5.
The 400W series supports
four levels of map decluttering.
Press the ENT key to select the desired data item
and return to the map page.
6.
Press the small right knob momentarily to remove
the cursor from the page.
Heliport
To Select a Map Scale
1.
Press the up arrow on the RNG key to zoom out
to a larger map area.
2.
Press the down arrow on the RNG key to zoom in
to a smaller map area with more detail.
1.
Press the CLR key momentarily to change the
amount of map detail. The declutter level will
appear adjacent to the map scale.
2.
Press the CLR key as needed to select the desired
amount of map detail.
9
NAVCOM PAGE / TERRAIN PAGE
frequencies in the list than can be displayed on
the screen, a scroll bar along the right-hand side
of the screen will indicate which part of the list is
currently being displayed.
NAVCOM Page
The NAVCOM page provides a list of the airport communication and navigation frequencies at your departure,
en route and arrival airports.
Departure, En Route
or Arrival Airport
Frequency
Category
Assigned
Frequency
Usage
Restriction
Information
Scroll Bar
To Select a Frequency List for a Departure, En Route,
or Arrival Airport
1.
2.
3.
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor on
the airport identifier field (top line on the NAVCOM
page).
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
airport and press ENT.
To Scroll Through the List of Frequencies
1.
2.
Activate the cursor, if not already active, by pressing
the small right knob.
Turn the large right knob to move the cursor
through the list of frequencies. If there are more
Obstacle Symbol
Unlighted Obstacle
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL
10
Auto-Tuning a Frequency from the NAVCOM Page
1.
2.
Highlight the desired frequency by scrolling through
the list of frequencies, as described in the previous
procedure.
To place a frequency in the standby field of the COM
or VLOC window, highlight the desired frequency
and press the ENT key.
Terrain Page
To display the TERRAIN Page, select the NAV group
and turn the small right knob until the TERRAIN Page is
displayed. The page displays terrain information, aircraft
ground track, and GPS-derived MSL altitude. Altitude
is shown in increments of 20 feet or in increments of 10
meters, depending on unit configuration. The “G” to the
right of the MSL altitude display reminds the pilot that the
altitude is GPS-derived.
To inhibit TERRAIN:
1.
Select the TERRAIN Page and press MENU. “Inhibit
Terrain?” is selected by default.
Press ENT. The TERRAIN system is inhibited. The
annunciation is displayed in the terrain
annunciator field whenever terrain is inhibited.
Lighted Obstacle
Color
TERRAIN/Obstacle
Location
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL
Terrain/Obstacle above or
within
100 ft below current
Red
aircraft altitude
2.
Terrain Color Symbology
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between
100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraft altitude
Black
TERRAIN/Obstacle is more
than 1000 ft below the aircraft
altitude
AIRPORT INFORMATION
4.
From any page, press and
hold CLR to select the
default NAV page. (You
may skip this step if you
are already viewing any
of the main GPS pages.)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the facility name or city location of the desired
destination waypoint. As you spell the facility name
or city, the 400W series Spell’N’Find feature will
select the first entry in the database based upon
the characters you have entered up to that point.
5.
Turn the large right knob to select the WPT page
group. “WPT” will appear in the lower right corner
of the screen.
Once the name is entered, the information for that
airport will appear on the page. Press ENT to accept
the selected identifier.
6.
To view the other airport information pages, press the
small right knob to remove the flashing cursor and turn
the small right knob to select the desired page.
Viewing Airport Information
1.
2.
3.
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
WPT page. Airport information is displayed on the
first six WPT pages: airport location, airport runway,
airport frequency, airport approach, airport arrival
and airport departure.
4.
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
5.
Use the small and large right knobs to enter the
identifier of the desired airport.
6.
Once the identifier is entered, the information for
that airport will appear on the page. Press ENT to
accept the selected identifier.
7.
To view the other airport information pages, press
the small right knob to remove the flashing cursor
and turn the small right knob to select the desired
page.
Viewing Airport Information by Facility Name or City
1.
Select the airport location page.
2.
Press the small right
knob to activate the
cursor.
3.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight the
facility name (second line)
or the city (third line) field.
Auto-Tuning a Frequency from a List (420W/430W only)
The 400W-series auto-tune feature allows you to
quickly select any displayed database frequency as your
standby frequency. With a minimum of keystrokes, any
frequency listed on the airport frequency page can be
transferred to the standby field of the COM or VLOC
window. The Airport Frequency page in the GPS 500W
allows you to view frequency information and scroll
through the list by turning the large right knob.
1. Select the airport frequencies page from the WPT
page group.
2. Press the small right knob
to place the cursor on the
airport identifier field.
3. Use the small and large right knobs to enter the
identifier of the desired airport. Press ENT when finished.
4. Turn the large right knob to highlight the desired
frequency.
5. Press ENT to place the highlighted frequency in the
standby COM or VLOC window field (as appropriate).
6. To activate the selected frequency, press the COM
flip/flop or VOR flip/flop key (as appropriate).
11
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
To Select a Direct-To Destination
1.
Press the direct-to
key. A Select DirectTo Wa y p o i n t p a g e
will appear, with the
waypoint identifier field
highlighted.
2.
Use the small and large right knobs to enter the
identifier of the desired destination waypoint.
3.
Press ENT to confirm the selected waypoint. Press
ENT again to activate the direct-to function.
To Select a Direct-To Destination by Facility Name or
City
1.
Press the direct-to key. The Select Direct-To
Waypoint page will appear, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight the
facility name (second
line) or the city (third line)
field.
3.
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the facility name or city location of the desired
destination waypoint. As you spell the facility name
or city, the 400W series Spell’N’Find feature will
select the first entry in the database based upon
the characters you have entered up to that point.
4.
Continue turning the small right knob to scroll
through any additional database listings for the
selected facility name or city. You can also scroll
backwards with the small right knob if you scroll
past the desired waypoint.
5.
Press ENT to confirm the selected waypoint, and
ENT to activate the direct-to function.
To Select a Direct-To Destination from the Map Page
1.
Select the map page from the NAV page group.
2.
Press the small right knob to display a panning
pointer.
3.
Turn the small and large right knobs to place
the panning pointer at the desired destination
location.
4.
If the panning pointer is placed on an existing airport, navaid or user waypoint, the waypoint name
will be highlighted. Press direct-to and then ENT
twice to activate a direct-to leg to the waypoint.
5.
12
If the panning pointer is placed on an open location
on the map page, press direct-to and then ENT
twice to create a "+MAP" waypoint and activate
a direct-to leg to it.
To Select a Nearby Airport or a Flight Plan Waypoint
as a Direct-To Destination
1.
Press the direct-to key.
2.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the nearest
airport (NRST) or flight plan (FPL) field.
3.
Turn the small right knob to display a window
listing nearby airports or all waypoints in the active
flight plan.
4.
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through the list and highlight the desired
waypoint.
5.
Press ENT to confirm the selected waypoint, and
ENT to activate the direct-to function.
NEAREST AIRPORTS
finished, press the small
right knob to return the
flashing cursor to the
screen.
To View a List of the Nearest Airports
1.
From any page, press and hold the CLR key to select
the default NAV page. You may skip this step if you
are already viewing any of the main GPS pages.
2.
Turn the large right
knob to select the NRST
page group. “NRST” will
appear in the lower right
corner of the screen.
3.
If necessary, turn the small right knob to select
the nearest airport page.
4.
To return to the nearest
airport page, verify that
“Done?” is highlighted by the flashing cursor and
press ENT (or press CLR).
To Scroll Through the List of Nearest Airports
1.
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2.
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list. The scroll bar along the right-hand side of the
page will indicate which part of the list is currently
being viewed.
3.
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
To View Additional Information for a Nearby Airport
1.
Highlight the identifier of the desired airport by
scrolling through the list, as described in the procedure above.
2.
Press ENT to display the
airport location page for
the selected airport.
3.
To view additional WPT pages for the selected
airport (including the airport runway and airport
frequency pages) press the small right knob to
remove the flashing cursor. Turn the small right
knob to display the additional WPT pages. When
13
FLIGHT PLANS
To Create a New Flight Plan
1.
Press the FPL key and
turn the small right
knob to display the flight
plan catalog.
2.
Press the MENU key to display the flight plan
catalog options.
3.
Turn the large right knob to highlight “Create
New Flight Plan?” and press the ENT key.
4.
A blank flight plan page
will appear for the first
empty storage location. Use the small and
large right knobs to
enter the identifier of the
departure waypoint and press the ENT key.
5.
Repeat step #4 above to enter the identifier for each
additional flight plan waypoint. Once all waypoints
have been entered, press the small right knob to
return to the flight plan catalog.
To Stop Navigating a Flight Plan
1.
Press the FPL key.
2.
Press the MENU key to display the active flight
plan options.
3.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight “Delete
Flight Plan?” and press
the ENT key. Press the
ENT key again to confirm.
To Edit a Flight Plan
1.
Press the FPL key and turn the small right knob
to display the Flight Plan Catalog.
2.
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the desired
flight plan and press the ENT key.
4.
To add a waypoint to the flight plan: Turn the large
right knob to select the point where you wish to
add the new waypoint. (If an existing waypoint
is highlighted, the new waypoint will be placed
directly in front of this waypoint.) Use the small
and large right knobs to enter the identifier of
the new waypoint and press the ENT key.
5.
To delete a waypoint from the flight plan: Turn
the large right knob to select the waypoint you
wish to delete and press the CLR key to display a
“remove waypoint” confirmation window. With
“Yes” highlighted, press the ENT key to remove
the waypoint.
6.
Once all changes have been made, press the small
right knob to return to the flight plan catalog.
To Navigate a Flight Plan
14
1.
Press the FPL key and turn the small right knob
to display the flight plan catalog.
2.
Press the small right knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan.
3.
Press the MENU key to display the flight plan
catalog options.
4.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight “Activate Flight Plan?” and
press the ENT key.
APPROACHES
Selecting Approaches
In order to select an approach, you must first
have an active direct-to or flight plan that terminates at an airport with a published approach.
1. Press the PROC key to display the procedures
page.
2. Turn the large right
knob to highlight “Select
Approach?” and press
the ENT key.
3. A window will appear
listing the available procedures. Turn the large
right knob to highlight
the desired procedure
and press the ENT key.
4. A second window will
appear listing the available transitions. Turn the
large right knob to highlight the desired transition
waypoint and press the
ENT key. The approach “Vectors” option assumes
you will receive vectors to the final course segment
of the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final approach course.
5. Turn the large right knob to highlight “Load?”
or “Activate?” and press the ENT key. “Load?”
will add the procedure to the flight plan without
immediately using it for navigation guidance. This
allows you to continue navigating the original flight
plan, but keeps the procedure available on the
active flight plan page for quick activation when
needed. "Activate?" overrides the "en route" portion of the active flight plan, proceeding directly to
the "approach" portion.
6.
For non-GPS approved approaches, a reminder
window will appear indicating that GPS guidance
on such approaches is
strictly for monitoring
only—use the VLOC
receiver and external CDI
(or HSI) for primary navigation. To confirm this
reminder, highlight “Yes?” and press the ENT
key.
Not all approaches in the database are approved for
GPS use. As you select an approach, a “GPS” designation to the right of the procedure name indicates the
procedure can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some
procedures will not have this designation, meaning the GPS
receiver may be used for supplemental navigation guidance
only. If the GPS receiver cannot be used for primary guidance, you must use the appropriate receiver for the selected
approach (e.g., VOR or ADF). The final course segment of
ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning
the VLOC receiver to the proper frequency and coupling
the VLOC receiver to the external CDI (or HSI).
A selected approach may be activated or loaded. Activating the approach overrides the “en route” portion of the
active flight plan, proceeding directly to the “approach”
portion (for a full approach, directly to the approach
transition). Activating the approach also initiates automatic
CDI scaling transitions as the approach progresses.
In many cases, it may be easiest to “Load” the full
approach while still some distance away, en route to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the
following steps to select “Activating an Approach with Vectors-To-Final”—which makes the inbound course to the
FAF waypoint active. Otherwise, activate the full approach
using the “Activate Approach?” option.
15
APPROACHES
Activating an Approach
1.
With an approach loaded
in the active flight plan,
press the PROC key to
display the procedures
page.
2.
Turn the large right
knob to highlight “Activate Approach?”.
3.
Press the ENT key.
Activating an Approach with Vectors-To-Final
The “Activate Vector-To-Final?” option allows you
to activate the final course segment of the approach.
This option assumes you will receive vectors to the final
approach course and guides you to intercept the final
course, before reaching the FAF.
1. With an approach loaded
in the active flight plan,
press the PROC key to
display the procedures
page.
2. Turn the large right
knob to highlight “Activate Vector-To-Final?”.
3. Press the ENT key.
Flying an Approach
Due to the variety of available approach procedures, the
specific steps required will vary according to the approach
selected. Keep the following general guidelines in mind
while flying the approach:
• The 400W series is designed to complement your
printed approach plates and improve situational
awareness throughout the approach. However, you
must always fly an approach as it appears on the
approach plate.
16
• You will typically select the destination airport as the
last waypoint in the active flight plan or by using the
direct-to key. Doing so ensures that the desired waypoint
will automatically appear when choosing the “Select
Approach?” option from the procedures page. Otherwise,
you must first choose the airport, then the approach
procedure.
• When a localizer-based approach (such as an ILS) is
loaded, the desired frequency is automatically placed in
standby on the VLOC window. To activate the frequency,
press the VLOC flip/flop key.
• If the VLOC receiver will be used for the approach, be
sure to switch the external CDI (or HSI) to “VLOC” by
pressing the CDI key. “VLOC” will appear directly above
the CDI key.
• An “Auto ILS CDI” setting provides automatic switching
to “VLOC” as you intercept the final approach course.
When the ILS approach is activated (and the correct
frequency is active in the VLOC window), the unit will
automatically switch within 1.2 nautical miles left or right
of the approach course. This switch can take place anywhere from 2.0 to 15.0 nautical miles from the FAF. The
switch occurs gradually to prevent abrupt CDI changes.
This does not occur automatically when configured for the
King KAP140/KFC225 autopilots as Auto ILS CDI Selection
is not allowed.
• As you progress to each approach waypoint, a waypoint
alert message (“NEXT DTK ###°”) will appear in the
lower right corner of the display.
• When you should begin a course change (via a standard
rate turn), turn advisories (“TURN TO ###°”) will appear
in the lower right corner of the display.
• For GPS-based approaches, receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM) will monitor satellite conditions
and alert you—using an “INTEG” at the bottom left
corner of the display — if protection limits cannot be
APPROACHES
maintained. If this occurs, the GPS receiver should not
be used for primary navigation guidance. Revert to an
alternate navigation source, or select an alternate destination airport. LPV, LNAV+V, and L/VNAV approaches
will downgrade to LNAV if GPS integrity cannot be
met. There is no need to switch to guidance by other
navigation equipment unless GPS LNAV is insufficient
or integrity degrades further.
• Within 31 nautical miles of the destination airport, CDI
scaling will transition from 2.0 NM (en route mode, or
“ENR”) to 1.0 nautical mile (terminal mode, or “TERM”).
Conversely, when leaving the departure airport, CDI scaling will transition from 1.0 NM to 2.0 NM when 30 miles
out. GPS-based approaches will see a second transition
when within 2.0 NM of the final approach fix, scaling
from 1.0 NM to angular full-scale deflection (approach
mode, or “LNAV, LNAV+V, L/LNAV, or LPV”).
• As you cross the missed
approach point, “SUSP” will
appear above the OBS key,
indicating that automatic
sequencing of waypoints
is suspended at the missed
approach point, and a “from” indication will appear on
the CDI (or HSI).
Flying the Missed Approach
1.
After crossing the Missed Approach Point, press
the OBS key. The next waypoint in the approach
is automatically offered as the destination
waypoint.
2.
Follow the missed approach procedures, as published on your approach plate, for proper climb and
heading instructions.
3.
An alert message in the lower right hand corner
of the screen will recommend entry procedures for
the holding pattern (e.g.,
“HOLD TEARDROP”). As
you fly the holding pattern, a timer appears on
the default NAV page. The timer automatically
resets on the outbound side of the hold when you
are abeam the hold waypoint. The timer again
resets as you turn inbound (within approximately
30° of the inbound course).
4.
The unit will provide course guidance only on the
inbound side of the holding pattern, however guidance is provided along the entire holding pattern
via roll steering-equipped autopilots. When leaving the holding pattern to re-fly the approach (or
another approach) press the PROC key to “Select
Approach?” or “Activate Approach?” as previously
described. (Or, use the direct-to key to select
another destination).
• A "RT TO xxx° x S" or "LT TO xxx° x S" prompt will
appear in the lower right corner of the display to advise
you when you are at a safe distance to initiate a procedure
turn. The procedure turn is displayed on the map page,
but guidance through the turn itself is not provided
except via roll steering-equipped autopilots.
• Alerts for proper holding pattern entry (e.g. “HOLD
DIRECT”) are displayed in the lower right corner of the
display. Waypoint sequencing is automatically suspended
(indicated by “SUSP” directly above the OBS key) at the
holding waypoint. Press the OBS key again to return to
automatic waypoint sequencing. For course reversals,
waypoint sequencing is suspended for one trip around
the holding pattern only, after which it will return to
automatic waypoint sequencing.
• The CDI will guide you through a DME arc. Just keep
the needle centered as you fly along the arc.
17
APPROACHES
Annunciation
18
Description
LPV
Follow lateral and vertical guidance to LPV
minimums. A yellow background indicates
the current VPL and/or HPL values are not
adequate for the approach and is an early
indication that downgrading will occur if
conditions do not improve.
L/VNAV
GPS approach identified in the database as
LNAV/VNAV. Fly to LNAV/VNAV minimums.
LNAV+V
Non-precision GPS approach with advanced
vertical guidance. Note that some LNAV/VNAV
approaches are not yet marked in the database as such and will show up as LNAV+V. If
the chart shows the approach as LNAV/VNAV,
it can be flown to LNAV/VNAV minimums.
LNAV
Non-precision GPS approach or non-GPS approach, such as ILS or Localizer.
MAPR
Missed Approach, indicates the system is
providing missed approach integrity and CDI
full-scale deflection ±0.3 NM. This also shows
that the pilot has initiated a Missed Approach
by pressing the OBS key after crossing the
MAP.
ENR
En route, CDI full-scale deflection is 2.0 NM
or current CDI scale selection, whichever is
smaller.
TERM
Terminal, CDI full-scale deflection is 1.0 NM
or current CDI scale selection, whichever is
smaller.
DPRT
Departure, indicates the system is using nonprecision approach integrity. HAL = 0.3 and
CDI full-scale deflection is 0.3 NM.
OCN
Oceanic, CDI full-scale deflection is 2.0 NM.
LOW ALT
(lower window)
For LNAV+V, LNAV/VNAV, or LPV approaches,
the LOW ALT annunciation indicates the
aircraft’s estimated height is lower than the
Final Approach Waypoint height by more than
the current VPL plus 50 meters.
© 2006 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9AQ, U.K.
GARMIN Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00356-01 Rev. A
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