Garmin GDL 39 GPS Receiver User Manual

GDL 39
Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver
User’s Guide
© 2013 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 2.00, or later. Some differences in operation may be
observed when comparing the information in this manual to later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, SO40 9LR, U.K.
Tel. +44 (0) 870 850 1243 Fax +44 (0) 238 052 4004
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road, Xizhi Dist., New Taipei City 221, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Garmin Singapore Pte. Ltd., 46 East Coast Road, #05-06 Eastgate, Singapore 428766
Tel : (65) 63480378
Fax : ( 65 ) 63480278
At Garmin, we value your opinion. For comments about this guide, please e-mail:
Techpubs.Salem@Garmin.com
www.garmin.com
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hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive
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July 2013 Printed in the United States or Taiwan
WARNING: When installing the GDL 39 in an aircraft, place the unit securely
so that it does not interfere with aircraft operating controls or obstruct the
pilot’s view.
WARNING: For safety reasons, GDL 39 operational procedures must be
learned on the ground.
WARNING: When Navigating in an aircraft, use the GDL 39 only as an aid
for VFR navigation.
WARNING: Use the GDL 39 only as a navigational aid. Do not attempt to
use the GDL 39 for any purpose requiring precise measurement of direction,
distance, location, or topography. This product should not be used to
determine ground proximity for aircraft navigation.
WARNING: This unit provides the ability to receive weather information
through external sources. Use weather data only as an aid to situational
awareness. Such weather information is merely supplemental and advisory
in nature and is not intended to be relied upon as safety-critical information
in connection with any aviation, vehicle, or marine usage. The user should
always exercise caution and common sense when confronted with severe
weather conditions.
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WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Traffic information is provided as an aid in visually acquiring
traffic. Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or
positive visual acquisition of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: The pressure altitude information provided by the GDL 39 in a
pressurized airplane will not be accurate. Use the connected display device
to disable pressure information from the GDL 39.
CAUTION: The Garmin GDL 39 does not contain any user-serviceable
parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center.
Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the
pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
ii
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including images
of the GDL 39 and the bezel, displays, and screens of other products are
subject to change and may not reflect the most current software or hardware.
Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
Garmin GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver User’s Guide
190-11110-00 Rev. G
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for Class B digital
devices. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Furthermore, there
is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference, the user is encouraged
to try to correct the interference by relocating the equipment or connecting
the equipment to a different circuit than the affected equipment.
Consult an authorized dealer or other qualified avionics technician
for additional help if these remedies do not correct the problem.
Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
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Record of Revisions
Part Number Revision Date
190-11110-00
A
6/04/12
B
6/13/12
C
7/17/12
D
9/25/12
E
F
G
Description
Initial release
Document resized
Updated content
Edited the note for the serial connection.
Edited the description for antenna
location.
2/01/13 SiriusXM receiver distance
recommendation.
6/19/13 Added GDL 39R.
7/25/13 Updated GDL 39R figure and specs.
To obtain accessories for your unit, please contact your Garmin dealer.
Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration form today!
Registration ensures that you will be notified of product updates and new
products and provides lost or stolen unit tracking. Please, have the serial
number of your unit handy, connect to our web site (www.garmin.com) and
look for our Product Registration link on the Home page.
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Contents
1Introduction..........................................................................................1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Product Registration............................................................................. 1-3
Serial Number for the GDL 39............................................................... 1-3
GDL 39 System Configuration Part Numbers.......................................... 1-4
What’s In The Box................................................................................. 1-5
2 Getting Started.....................................................................................2-1
3Installation............................................................................................3-1
3.1 Connecting the GDL 39 to a Garmin Unit.............................................. 3-1
3.1.1
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 49X/39X Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-20)............................................................... 3-2
3.1.2
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 69X Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-10)............................................................... 3-2
3.1.3
GDL 39 to aera 5xx Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-30)............................................................... 3-3
3.1.4
GDL 39 to aera 79x Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-50)............................................................... 3-4
3.1.5
GDL 39 to Bare Wire Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-40)............................................................... 3-5
3.1.6
GDL 39R dSub Connector Pin Out........................................... 3-7
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3.2 External Antenna (Optional).................................................................. 3-8
3.2.1
Remote GPS Antennas (Optional)............................................ 3-9
3.2.2
External ADS-B Blade Antenna (Optional).............................. 3-11
3.3 GDL 39 Location and Mounting.......................................................... 3-13
3.3.1Location............................................................................... 3-13
3.3.2Mounting............................................................................. 3-14
3.4 GDL 39R Location and Mounting........................................................ 3-16
3.5 Battery Installation.............................................................................. 3-18
3.6 Charging the Battery........................................................................... 3-18
3.7 Unit Care............................................................................................ 3-20
3.7.1Cleaning.............................................................................. 3-20
3.7.2Storage................................................................................ 3-20
3.8 Installation Checkout.......................................................................... 3-20
4Operation..............................................................................................4-1
4.1 Normal Operation................................................................................. 4-1
4.2 Bluetooth Setup.................................................................................... 4-3
4.3 Software Updates................................................................................. 4-4
4.4Traffic................................................................................................... 4-4
4.5Weather............................................................................................... 4-5
5Appendix...............................................................................................5-1
5.1Troubleshooting.................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Servicing Your Unit................................................................................ 5-2
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5.3 GDL 39 Specifications........................................................................... 5-2
5.3.1
GDL 39 Physical Specifications................................................ 5-2
5.3.2
GDL 39R Physical Specifications.............................................. 5-2
5.3.3Power.................................................................................... 5-3
5.3.4
Optional Battery Assembly...................................................... 5-3
5.3.5Compatibility.......................................................................... 5-4
5.4 Contact Garmin.................................................................................... 5-5
5.5 GDL 39 Part Numbers........................................................................... 5-6
5.6 Software License Agreement................................................................. 5-7
5.7 LIMITED WARRANTY............................................................................ 5-8
5.8 Battery Information............................................................................. 5-10
Index......................................................................................................Index-1
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1INTRODUCTION
The GDL 39 includes internal GPS - WAAS enabled and ADS-B receivers.
The GDL 39 receives Traffic (ADS-B/ADS-R and TIS-B) on both Universal
Access Transceiver (UAT) and 1090 ES (Extended Squitter). When in proximity
to a ground station, the GDL 39 will receive FIS-B weather over the UAT.
The GDL 39 Standard Detachable Antenna provides ADS-B traffic, TIS-B
traffic, and FIS-B weather information for viewing on your compatible Garmin®
unit. Garmin units like the aera 796 and devices running Garmin Pilot™ will be
able to request ADS-B traffic, TIS-B traffic, FIS-B weather, and GPS data over a
Bluetooth connection.
The internal GPS receiver is used for processing of traffic and weather data, and
also providing position information to the display device.
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1-1
Standard Detachable
GDL 39 Antenna
Power Button
GDL 39
Data/Power Port
Optional External GPS
Antenna Connection
Optional Battery Assembly
Mounting Tray
Figure 1-1 GDL 39 with Optional Battery Assembly
To get the most out of your new system, take the time to go through this
manual and the Owner’s Manual for your display unit. Operational procedures are
found in the Owner’s Manual for your display unit.
Serial Port
Connector
GPS Antenna
ADS-B Antenna
Figure 1-2 GDL 39R
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1.1Product Registration
Help us better support you by completing your online registration today! Have
the serial number of your product handy and connect to the Garmin web site
(http://my.garmin.com). Look for the Product Registration link on the Home page.
Also, be sure to record your serial number in the space provided. Keep the original
sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe place.
1.2
Serial Number for the GDL 39
Use the line below to record the serial number in case it is lost, is stolen, or
needs service. The serial number is located on the bottom of your unit.
Serial Number:
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1-3
1.3
GDL 39 System Configuration Part Numbers
The following part numbers cover the GDL 39 and the cable assembly to
connect to the listed product:
Part Number
010-11689-00
Description
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver
010-11689-01
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver for GPSMAP69x
010-11689-02
010-11689-03
010-11689-04
010-11689-05
010-11689-06
010-11689-07
010-11689-08
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver for GPSMAP39x/49x
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver for aera 5xx
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver with DC Power Cable
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver for aera 79x
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver with bare wire power
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver with Battery
GDL 39R Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver
Table 1-1 GDL 39 Configurations
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1.4
What’s In The Box
Part Number
010-11689-xx
Description
GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver*
253-00503-00
010-11687-00
010-11686-xx
190-11110-00
190-11257-00
Suction Cup**
Mounting Tray**
Cable (if ordered, see the table above for part numbers)
Garmin GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver User’s Guide
Trial Certificate to Garmin Pilot™
Table 1-2 GDL 39 Shipping Box Contents
* A standard detachable antenna is included with the GDL 39. An antenna is not
included with the GDL 39R.
** Not included with GDL 39R.
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2
GETTING STARTED
1. Check to see if an update to the system software of your GDL 39, display
and/or Bluetooth devices is available. See the user guides of those devices
for instructions. Updating of the devices may be easier to perform before
installation in the aircraft.
2. When the GDL 39 is powered on, the GDL 39 will go into Bluetooth pairing
mode. Follow the directions for the device intended to connect to the GDL
39. Once a connection is established with a Bluetooth device, the GDL 39
will automatically connect to the Bluetooth device upon power-up. The blue
LED will light if a Bluetooth connection has been made. The GDL 39 may be
connected to multiple Bluetooth devices simultaneously.
3. Locate the positions for the GDL 39, any external antenna(s), and cable
routing.
4. Install the GDL 39 mounting plate (if desired), optional battery pack (if used),
and the GDL 39.
5. Connect cabling, if necessary.
6. If the GDL 39 is connected to external power, the GDL 39 will power on
automatically. If the GDL 39 is attached to the battery pack, press the power
button to turn on the GDL 39.
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Optional External ADS-B Antenna
Bluetooth Device
Display Device
Optional External GPS Antenna
GDL 39
Power and Data
Figure 2-1 GDL 39 System
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3INSTALLATION
The GDL 39 may be connected to the compatible display device by either
a wireless Bluetooth connection or directly through a serial cable. The GDL 39
supports connections to multiple Bluetooth devices. The GDL 39 is intended to
be physically wired to only one display device.
NOTE: Exposed contacts on the top of the battery do not have power when
not connected to a unit and no covering is needed. Be careful of causing
mechanical damage to the pins. If the pins are bent, the unit or battery may
not function properly.
3.1
Connecting the GDL 39 to a Garmin Unit
1. Connect the GDL 39 cable to the Garmin display unit (unless using a
Bluetooth connection).
2. Connect the cable power lead to a 10-32 VDC power source. If the optional
battery pack is used, connecting the power lead is not required.
3. Connect the GDL 39 cable to the data port on the GDL 39.
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3.1.1
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 49X/39X Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-20)
To GPSMAP 49X/39X
Data Port
Power Connector
To GDL 39
Data/Power Port
Figure 3-1 GDL 39 to GPSMAP 49X/39X Power/Data Cable
3.1.2
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 69X Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-10)
To GPSMAP 69X
Data Port
Power Connector
To GDL 39
Data/Power Port
Figure 3-2 GDL 39 to GPSMAP 69X Power/Data Cable
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3.1.3
GDL 39 to aera 5xx Audio Mini-B Power/Data
Cable (P/N 010-11686-30)
To GDL 39
Data/Power Port
To SiriusXM
Antenna
To aera 5xx
Mount
Power Connector
Figure 3-3 GDL 39 to aera 5xx Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
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3-3
3.1.4
GDL 39 to aera 79x Audio Mini-B Power/Data
Cable (P/N 010-11686-50)
Power Connector
To aera 79X
Mount
To GDL 39
Data/Power Port
To SiriusXM
Antenna
Figure 3-4 GDL 39 to aera 79x Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
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3.1.5
GDL 39 to Bare Wire Power/Data Cable
(P/N 010-11686-40)
Connection
Vin 10-32 VDC
Wire Color
Red
AWG
26
Discrete Input (see note)
Rx B (Data In)
Tx B (Data Out)
Rx A (Data In)
Tx A (Data Out)
Ground
Gray
White/Orange
Orange
White/Green
Green
Black
28
28
28
28
28
26
Table 3-1 GDL 39 to Bare Wire Power/Data Cable Connections
EMI
FILTER
Figure 3-5 GDL 39 to Bare Wire Power/Data Cable
NOTE: The Discrete Input may be used for a remote On/Off switch.
Grounding this input turns the unit on and removing ground turns the
unit off. If a remote switch is not used, do not connect this wire.
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3-5
NOTE: Secure unused wires to prevent unintentional connections.
The GDL 39 and GDL 39R have a pass-through serial connection so a serial
device can be connected to a display device that has a single serial connection.
Some display devices do not support serial pass-through (such as older products
like the GPSMap 396/496).
Figure 3-6 Serial Pass-Through Connection
NOTE: If the external serial device is not used, TxB should be left
unconnected and RxB should be connected to ground.
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3.1.6
GDL 39R dSub Connector Pin Out
Pin Number
1
Description
Discrete Input
2
3
Tx A (Data Out)
Rx A (Data In)
4
5
6
7
8
9
ID Pin
Ground
Tx B (Data Out)
Rx B (Data In)
Ground
Vin 10-32 VDC
Table 3-2 GDL 39R Pin Out Connections
A connector kit including the connector and pins is available for the GDL39R,
P/N 010-11825-20.
NOTE: Leave the ID pin disconnected unless wiring to a
GPSMAP396/496. If connecting to a GPSMAP396/496 connect a
16.5 KOhm resistor (not provided) between this pin and ground.
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NOTE: The Discrete Input may be used for a remote On/Off switch.
Grounding this input turns the unit on and removing ground turns the
unit off. If a remote switch is not used, do not connect this wire.
NOTE: Secure unused wires to prevent unintentional connections.
NOTE: If the external serial device is not used, TxB should be left
unconnected and RxB should be connected to ground.
3.2External Antenna (Optional)
The GDL 39 includes an internal GPS and detachable ADS-B antenna, but can
use an optional external GPS antenna and/or an external ADS-B antenna. Use the
installation instructions provided with the optional antennas.
The GDL 39R includes an internal GPS antenna and can use an optional
external GPS antenna. An external ADS-B antenna is required for the GDL 39R.
The GDL 39R uses BNC antenna connectors.
NOTE: The GDL 39 can receive GPS information when interfaced with
certain Garmin GPS receivers. Refer to your specific Garmin display manual
to determine if this is supported.
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Standard
Detachable ADS-B
Antenna
External SMA
Antenna Connection
External MCX GPS
Antenna Connection
Figure 3-7 GDL 39 Antenna Connections
3.2.1
Remote GPS Antennas (Optional)
Compatible remote GPS antennas are:
• GA 25MCX (010-10702-00) (aircraft interior)
• GA 35 (aircraft exterior) (013-00235-0x)
• GA 36 (aircraft exterior) (013-00244-0x)
• GA 37 (aircraft exterior) (013-00245-0x)
• A33W (aircraft exterior) (013-00261-0x)
Connect the antenna to the connector located on the side of the unit.
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Power/Data Port
External MCX GPS Antenna Connection
Figure 3-9 GDL 39 Antenna and Power/Data Port Connections
Figure 3-10 GA 25MCX GPS Antenna
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3.2.2External ADS-B Blade Antenna (Optional)
A blade-type ADS-B antenna is mounted on the exterior of the aircraft.
Connection is made by unscrewing the antenna on the GDL 39 and attaching
the cable from the external antenna to the female SMA connector on the top
of the GDL 39. The GDL 39 requires a UHF antenna that meets the following
specifications:
•Standard 50 ohm vertically polarized antenna with a VSWR < 1.7:1 at 978
MHz and < 1.5:1 at 1090 MHz.
•TSO-C66, TSO-C74, or TSO-C112 antennas that also meet the VSWR
specification.
NOTE: Certain types of transponder antennas that utilize very thin radiator
elements are only intended for use at 1030 and 1090 MHz. These types of
antennas should be evaluated on a model-by-model basis to determine their
suitability as UAT data link antennas.
Figure 3-8 External ADS-B Antenna
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The following table includes a list of compatible antennas.
Model/
Conn Type
Mfr
Part Number
Description
DME
BNC
Comant
CI-100
Transponder
DME
TNC
Comant
CI-100-2
Transponder
DME
BNC
Comant
CI-105
Transponder
DME
BNC
Comant
CI-105-3
Transponder
DME
BNC
Comant
CI-105-11
Transponder
DME
BNC
Comant
CI-105-16
Transponder
DME
C
Comant
CI-110-40-30
Transponder
DME
C
Comant
CI-110-41-30
Transponder
DME
C
Comant
CI-110-60-30
Transponder
DME
C
Comant
CI-110-61-30
Transponder
Table 3-2 Compatible ADS-B Antennas
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3.3
GDL 39 Location and Mounting
3.3.1Location
For best reception position the GDL 39 where it has a clear view of the sky.
If the unit is placed on the glare shield it may get very hot due to the direct
sunlight and reduce the operating life of the unit. The GDL 39 antenna, internal
or external, should be mounted at least 3.3 feet (1 meter) away from the path
of any high powered transmitter antenna, such as a transponder or VHF radio
antenna. The GDL 39 should be mounted at least 6 inches (10.24 cm) away from
a magnetic compass. The GDL 39 and its cable should be mounted at least 1 inch
(2.5 cm) away from a SiriusXM receiver. If using an external ADS-B antenna, it is
recommended to locate the antenna on the bottom of the aircraft for best ground
station reception.
WARNING: It is the sole responsibility of the owner/operator of the GDL 39
to place this mount and secure the unit so that it will not interfere with the
aircraft’s operating controls and safety devices, or cause damage or personal
injury in the event of an accident or turbulence. Do not mount the GDL 39
where the pilot or passengers are likely to impact it in an accident, collision,
or turbulence. The mounting hardware provided by Garmin is not warranted
against turbulence, collision damage, or related consequences.
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3.3.2Mounting
A mounting plate is included to provide a fixed mount inside the aircraft, if
desired. The GDL 39 and optional battery have rubber pads that keep the unit
from sliding around, if the mounting plate is not used. The GDL 39 may be
mounted in a remote location away from the cockpit, but may require the use of
an external antenna for best GPS and ADS-B reception.
Figure 3-11 GDL 39 Mounting Plate
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1. Locate the proposed mounting position. Ensure that the cabling will reach
the required connections with room to secure the cables in a safe manner.
Cables may be inserted into the slot in the included suction cup to assist in
routing cables.
2. Place the mounting plate in position and mark the location of the four
mounting holes.
3. Drill holes for the mounting screws with the appropriately sized bit.
4. Attach the mounting plate with four #8 flat head 100° screws (not supplied).
5. Insert the GDL 39 into the mounting plate small end first and then push
down gently so it snaps into place.
If the optional battery pack is used, insert the GDL 39 into the battery pack
small end first and then push down gently so it snaps into place. Now, insert
the combined GDL 39 and battery pack into the mounting plate in the same
manner.
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3.4
GDL 39R Location and Mounting
The GDL 39R is designed for mounting in a location remote from the cockpit.
The GDL 39R uses the dSub connector wiring information in section 3.1.6 for the
installer to create the necessary cable for connecting to the aircraft wiring.
1. Locate the proposed mounting position. Ensure that the cabling will reach
the required connections with room to secure the cables in a safe manner.
2. Place the mounting plate in position and mark the location of the six
mounting holes.
3. Drill holes for the mounting screws with the appropriately sized bit.
4. Attach the mounting plate with #8 flat head 100° screws (not supplied).
3-16
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Figure 3-12 GDL 39R Dimensions
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3.5Battery Installation
WARNING: The product contains a lithium-ion battery. To prevent damage,
remove the unit from the aircraft or vehicle when exiting or store it out of
direct sunlight.
1. Locate the lithium-ion battery assembly, if purchased.
2. The battery assembly is installed to the bottom of the GDL 39 following the
location information inscribed on the battery assembly.
3.If a mounting plate is used, insert the GDL 39 and battery assembly into
the mounting plate following the location information inscribed on the
mounting plate.
3.6Charging the Battery
Charge the GDL 39 battery assembly until the LED on the battery turns off
before using on battery power. Typical charge time is 4 hours. Charge the battery
by connecting the appropriate power cable to the GDL 39 while it is attached to
the battery assembly.
The unit can be used while it is charging. Charge the unit within the following
temperature range: 32° to 104°F (0° to 40°C). The battery should not be charged
while on the glare shield due to the heat from the direct sunlight. The battery will
not charge when the temperature is above 40°C.
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The battery assembly may be charged independently of the GDL 39. Connect
power/data cable to connector in the battery assembly. An orange LED next to the
power port on the battery assembly will be lighted while it is charging. The LED
will extinguish when charging is complete.
GDL 39 Battery
Assembly
Power Connection
Orange Charging LED
Connection To GDL 39
Figure 3-13 Separate GDL 39 Battery Assembly Charging
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3-19
3.7
Unit Care
3.7.1Cleaning
The case for the unit is constructed of high-quality material and does not
require user maintenance other than cleaning. Clean the unit housing using a
lightly-dampened cloth with a mild detergent solution and then wipe it dry. Avoid
chemical cleaners and solvents that may damage plastic components. Do not
apply cleaner to the electrical contacts on the unit.
3.7.2Storage
Do not store the GDL 39 where exposure to extreme temperatures may occur,
as permanent damage may result.
3.8
Installation Checkout
1. Turn on each unit in the system.
2. Ensure that the GDL 39 has established a Bluetooth connection, if one is
necessary.
3. Wait until the GDL 39 has established a position fix. A position fix is required
for the GDL 39 to provide traffic and weather.
4. Check the display device and check for the features that the GDL 39 is
intended to provide, i.e. traffic, weather, etc. The GDL 39 must be within
receiving range of a ground station to access weather.
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4OPERATION
4.1
Normal Operation
1. Turn on any display devices that will interface with the GDL 39.
2. Turn on the GDL 39.
3. With power applied to the unit, observe the Status LEDs on the front of the
GDL 39 to ensure that power is on. Power is indicated by a solid green LED.
Power Button
Figure 4-1 GDL 39 Power Button
4. If using a Bluetooth connection, observe the Status LEDs on the front of
the GDL 39 to ensure that the Bluetooth connection has been established.
When connected with one or more Bluetooth devices the blue LED will be
on. Multiple Bluetooth devices may be connected with the GDL 39.
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Status LEDs
Power (Green)
Bluetooth (Blue)
Photosensor
Figure 4-2 GDL 39 Status LEDs
5. Make sure it has acquired a GPS fix. A fix is required for traffic and weather.
To ensure a fix is established, check the display device and view the features
that the GDL 39 is intended to provide, i.e. traffic, weather, etc. The GDL 39
must be within receiving range of a ground station to access weather.
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Light
Power
Behavior
Solid Green
Description
Power is on
Bluetooth
Bluetooth
Solid Blue
Blinking Blue
Bluetooth connection is active
Manual Bluetooth Searching Mode
Table 4-1 GDL 39 Status LEDs
The photosensor adjusts the status light intensity based on ambient lighting.
4.2Bluetooth Setup
1. When the GDL 39 is powered on, the GDL 39 will go into pairing mode.
Follow the directions for the device intended to connect to the GDL 39.
2. The blue LED will be constant when the device is connected. Bluetooth setup
only needs to be run for the first time pairing with a device. You may need to
select the GDL 39 from the list of Bluetooth devices in your display device.
Multiple Bluetooth devices may be connected with the GDL 39.
NOTE: If having issues making a Bluetooth connection hold the power button
down for 5 seconds. The blue LED will begin blinking. Release the power
button and then press the Power button again for 5 seconds. Power cycle
the GDL 39 and retry making a Bluetooth connection.
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4-3
4.3Software Updates
Software updates for the GDL 39 can be received through your Garmin display
device. See the display device documentation for details. Software updates can
be received through your mobile device by downloading the GDL 39 Utility App
from your mobile device’s mobile app store.
NOTE: The unit will not update software when running off only battery
power.
4.4Traffic
WARNING: The GDL 39 is an aid for visually acquiring nearby aircraft. It
should never be assumed that the GDL 39 is providing complete information
about the traffic in the area.
The GDL 39 can receive traffic from both the UAT (978 MHz) and Mode S ES
(1090 MHz) data links. Traffic can be received directly from an aircraft with an
ADS-B transmitter or from an FAA ground station. The FAA ground station will
broadcast traffic that is tracked via radar and is called TIS-B traffic. No subscription
fee is required for receiving TIS-B.
The FAA ground station will only broadcast TIS-B traffic that is within ±15 NM
and ±3500 feet of an aircraft with ADS-B Out. To get the full benefits of ADS-B
traffic it is recommended that the aircraft be equipped with an ADS-B transmitter
(such as a GTX 330 w/ES).
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Refer to the attached website for more information on ADS-B:
www.garmin.com/adsb
4.5Weather
The GDL 39 will receive the Flight Information Service (FIS-B) that is broadcast
on the UAT data link from the FAA ground stations. No subscription fee is required
for receiving FIS-B. FIS-B products available from the FAA ground station include
NEXRAD Conus, NEXRAD Regional, TFR, TAF, PIREP, NOTAMS, SIGMET/
AIRMET, METAR, and Winds Aloft. See your display device documentation for
detailed information about weather products.
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5APPENDIX
5.1Troubleshooting
If efforts to resolve the problem fail, contact your dealer or customer service for
technical assistance.
Please have the following information ready:
• System configuration (products, antennas, mounting locations, etc.)
• Model No., part number, and serial number
• Software versions
• Description of the problem
• Efforts made to isolate/solve the problem
Garmin International, Inc.
Aviation Products Customer Service Department
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062-3426 USA
1-866-739-5687
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5-1
5.2
Servicing Your Unit
The Garmin GDL 39 has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever encounter
a problem with your unit, take it to an authorized Garmin dealer for repairs, or
contact Garmin Product Support at 1-866-739-5687.
The GDL 39 is sealed to protect the unit. Any attempt to open the case to
change or modify the unit in any way voids your warranty and may result in
permanent damage to the equipment.
5.3
5.3.1
GDL 39 Specifications
GDL 39 Physical Specifications
Unit Size: 3.5 inches W x 1.9 inches H × 6.0 inches D (88.9 x 48.3 × 152.4 mm)
Unit Weight: 7.7 oz. (218 g)
Operating Temperature Range: -20˚C to 60˚C (-4º F to +140º F)
Case: High-impact plastic
Mounting Plate Fasteners: four #8 flat head 100° screws
5.3.2
GDL 39R Physical Specifications
Unit Size: 5.0 inches W x 1.6 inches H × 6.2 inches D (127 x 41.35 × 156.7 mm)
Unit Weight: 17.7 oz. (502 g)
Operating Temperature Range: -20˚C to 60˚C (-4º F to +140º F)
Case: High-impact plastic
Mounting Plate Fasteners: six #8 flat head 100° screws
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5.3.3Power
Source: 10 to 32 VDC
Unit Power: 3.5 W max
Battery Charge Power: 4.5 W max
Total Power while charging: 8.0 W max
5.3.4
Optional Battery Assembly
Lithium Ion Rechargeable Battery
Output Voltage: 7.4 VDC
Charging Voltage: 10-32 VDC
Capacity: 2100 mAh
Charge Temperature: 0 to +40º C (32º F to +104º F)
Operating Temperature: -20º to +60º C (-4º F to +140º F)
Typical Battery Operating Time: 4 hours
Battery Size: 3.8 inches W x 0.9 inches H × 6.4 inches D (96.5 x 22.9 × 162.6 mm)
Battery Weight: 6.08 oz. (172 g)
NOTE: The battery will not charge when the temperature is above 40°C.
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5.3.5Compatibility
Compatible units may be added and there are limitations with some older
units, so contact your authorized Garmin dealer for the most current information.
Display
Traffic
GPSMAP 39X
GPSMAP 49X
GPSMAP 69X
GDU 37X
aera 5XX
aera 79X
Garmin Pilot enabled devices *
8 Targets
8 Targets
30 Targets
30 Targets
30 Targets
30 Targets
30 Targets
FIS-B
(Wx)
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Connection
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
RS-232
Bluetooth/RS-232
Bluetooth
Table 5-1 Display Interface Summary
* Garmin Pilot can interface with Apple devices such as the iPhone®,
iTouch®, and iPad® (iOS 5.0, or later) and with Android mobile phones
and tablets with Bluetooth capability.
Made for iPod® touch (4th generation), iPod touch (3rd generation), iPhone®
4S, iPhone 4, iPhone 3GS, iPad® (3rd generation), iPad 2, and iPad.
“Made for iPod, iPhone, iPad” means that an electronic accessory has been
designed to connect specifically to iPod, iPhone, or iPad respectively, and has
been certified by the developer to meet Apple performance standards. Apple is
not responsible for the operation of this device or its compliance with safety and
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regulatory standards. Please note that the use of this accessory with iPod, iPhone,
or iPad may affect wireless performance.
5.4
Contact Garmin
Contact Garmin if you have any questions while using your GDL 39. In the
USA, contact Garmin Product Support by phone: (913) 397-8200 or (866) 7395687, Monday–Friday, 7 AM–7 PM Central Time; or go to https://fly.garmin.com/
fly-garmin/support.
In Europe, contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. at +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the
UK) or 0808 2380000 (within the UK).
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5.5
GDL 39 Part Numbers
Part numbers for individual components of the GDL 39 are shown in the
following table:
5-6
Item
Optional GA 25MCX Remote GPS Antenna (Low Profile)
Part Number
010-10702-00
Battery Charger Cable
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 69X Power/Data Cable
GDL 39 to GPSMAP 49X/39X Power/Data Cable
GDL 39 to aera 5xx Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
GDL 39 to Bare Wire Power/Data Cable
GDL 39 to aera 79x Audio Mini-B Power/Data Cable
GDL 39 to Cigarette Lighter Power Cable
GDL 39 Mounting Plate only
Optional Battery Assembly
GDL 39 Unit
Standard Detachable GDL 39 Antenna
GDL 39 Antenna Extension Cable
GDL 39R Connector Kit
010-10747-04
010-11686-10
010-11686-20
010-11686-30
010-11686-40
010-11686-50
010-11686-60
010-11687-00
010-11688-00
010-11689-00
010-11825-00
010-11825-10
010-11825-20
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Item
Garmin GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver User’s Guide
Part Number
190-11110-00
Table 5-2 Accessories
5.6
Software License Agreement
BY USING THE GDL 39, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND
CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT.
PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this
device (the “Software”) in binary executable form in the normal operation of the
product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual property rights in and to the
Software remain with Garmin.
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected
under the United States of America copyright laws and international copyright
treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code of
the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the Software in source
code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile,
disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce to human
readable form the Software or any part thereof or create any derivative works
based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export the Software to any
country in violation of the export control laws of the United States of America.
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5.7
LIMITED WARRANTY
All Garmin avionics products are warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for:
two years from the date of purchase for new Remote-Mount and Panel-Mount products; one year
from the date of purchase for new portable products and any purchased newly-overhauled products;
six months for newly-overhauled products exchanged through a Garmin Authorized Service Center;
and 90 days for factory repaired or newly-overhauled products exchanged at Garmin in lieu of repair.
Within the applicable period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that
fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts
or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty
does not apply to: (i) cosmetic damage, such as scratches, nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such
as batteries, unless product damage has occurred due to a defect in materials or workmanship; (iii)
damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse, water, flood, fire, or other acts of nature or external causes;
(iv) damage caused by service performed by anyone who is not an authorized service provider of
Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been modified or altered without the written permission
of Garmin. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to refuse warranty claims against products or services
that are obtained and/or used in contravention of the laws of any country.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING
UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY
FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT OR
FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
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Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement
product) the product or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH
REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
Online Auction Purchases: Products purchased through online auctions are not eligible for warranty
coverage. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty
service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not
replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty may be provided by international distributors for
devices purchased outside the United States depending on the country. If applicable, this warranty is
provided by the local in-country distributor and this distributor provides local service for your device.
Distributor warranties are only valid in the area of intended distribution. Devices purchased in the
United States or Canada must be returned to the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the
United States, Canada, or Taiwan for service.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating
a Service Center near you, visit the Garmin web site at http://www.garmin.com or contact Garmin
Customer Service at 866-739-5687.
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5-9
5.8Battery Information
If these guidelines are not followed, the internal Lithium Ion battery may
experience a shortened life span or may present a risk of damage to the GPS unit,
fire, chemical burn, electrolyte leak, and/or injury.
•Contact your local waste disposal department to properly recycle/dispose of
the unit/battery.
•Do not leave the unit exposed to a heat source or in a high temperature
location, such as in the sun in an unattended aircraft on a hot day. To prevent
damage, remove the unit from the aircraft or store it out of direct sunlight.
• Do not disassemble, puncture, damage, or incinerate the unit/battery.
•When storing the unit for a limited length of time (less than 30 days), store
within the following temperature range: -4° to 122°F (-20° to 50°C). When
storing the unit for an extended time, store within the following temperature
range: -4° to 86°F (-20° to 30°C).
•Do not operate the unit outside of the following temperature range: -4° to
140°F (-20° to 60°C).
• Keep the used battery away from children.
• Do not use a sharp object to remove the battery.
•Only replace with an exact replacement battery pack. Using another battery
presents a risk of fire or explosion. To purchase a replacement battery, see
your Garmin dealer or the Garmin Web site.
• Do not remove or attempt to remove the non-user-replaceable battery.
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• When disposing of the battery pack, take it to a professional service, such as a
waste electronics treatment facility, to have the battery removed and recycled.
•Exposed contacts on the top of the battery do not have power when not
connected to a unit and no covering is needed. Be careful of causing
mechanical damage to the pins. If the pins are bent, the battery may not
function properly.
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INDEX
G
A
L
Getting started 2-1
Antenna 3-8, 3-11
Appendix 5-1
Location 3-13
M
B
Mounting 3-14
Battery
Information 5-10
Installation 3-18
Bluetooth 4-3
O
Operation 4-1
P
C
Care 3-20
Cautions ii
Charging, the battery 3-18
Cleaning 3-20
Compatibility 5-4
Product Support 1-3
R
Record of Revisions iv
Registration 1-3
Revisions iv
E
S
External antenna 3-8, 3-11
Serial number 1-3
Setup 4-3
Software update 4-4
Specifications 5-2
Status LEDs 4-1, 4-3
Support 1-3
F
FIS-B 1-1
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Garmin GDL 39 Portable ADS-B and GPS Receiver User’s Guide
Index-1
T
Traffic 4-4
Troubleshooting 5-1
U
UAT 1-1
W
Warnings i, 4-4
Warranty 5-8
Weather 4-5
Index-2
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© 2013 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 866/739.5687 Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726 Fax. 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park,
Southampton, SO40 9LR, U.K.
Tel. +44 (0) 870 850 1243 Fax +44 (0) 238 052 4004
GARMIN Corporation
No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road, Xizhi Dist., New Taipei City 221, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199 Fax 886/2.2642.9099
Garmin Singapore Pte. Ltd.
46 East Coast Road
#05-06 Eastgate
Singapore 428766
Tel. (65) 63480378 Fax (65) 63480278
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-11110-00 Rev. G