Garmin GMX200 GPS Receiver User Manual

GMX 200
TM
Pilot’s Guide
Addendum for
WSI Weather
© 2006-2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT
2345 Turner Rd., SE Salem, OR 97302
Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726
Fax. 503/364.2138
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/581.8101
Fax: 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southhampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel. 44/0870.8501241
Fax 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
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be used without the express permission of Garmin.
September 2007
Printed in the USA
Part Number 190-00607-06 Rev D
Introduction
History of Revisions
Date
Software Version
May 2006
2.0
June 2006
2.01-2.02
November 2006 2.03
July 2007
2.12
September 2007 2.12
Manual
Revision
190-00607-06 Rev 1
190-00607-06 Rev A
190-00607-06 Rev B
190-00607-06 Rev C
190-00607-06 Rev D
Ordering Information
To receive additional copies of this GMX 200
Pilot’s Guide Addendum for WSI Weather, order Part
Number 190-00607-06. To receive additional copies
of the GMX 200 Pilot’s Guide, order Part Number 19000607-02. The GMX 200 Quick Reference Guide is
Part Number 190-00607-03.
190-00607-06 Rev D
Introduction
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
History of Revisions................................................................. i
Ordering Information.............................................................. i
WSI InFlight Flight Information Service (FIS) Function................1
Product Times........................................................................ 1
Graphical WX Overlay Options.......................................... 2
Graphical Weather (WX) Display............................................. 2
Menu Options for Overlay Page 1..................................... 3
US or Canadian Weather Radar........................................ 3
METARs............................................................................ 3
SIGMETs & AIRMETs.......................................................... 3
Echo Tops......................................................................... 3
Icing................................................................................. 3
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)................................... 4
Menu Options for Overlay Page 2..................................... 4
Lightning.......................................................................... 4
Winds and Temperatures Aloft.......................................... 4
Coverage Data................................................................. 5
Label................................................................................ 5
Flight Plan........................................................................ 5
Menu Options for Overlay Page 3..................................... 6
Legend............................................................................. 6
Map Detail....................................................................... 6
Map Orientation............................................................... 7
Exit Overlay Mode............................................................ 7
Text Display............................................................................ 7
Selecting Text Data........................................................... 8
Smart Key Function.......................................................... 8
Viewing Text TAFs............................................................. 8
Sorting FIS Messages........................................................ 9
Status Information................................................................. 9
GMX 200 Safety Monitor Codes....................................................10
Operational Response.......................................................... 10
Pre-Flight and Post-Flight................................................ 10
During Flight.................................................................. 10
ii
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WSI - FIS
WSI InFlight Flight Information Service (FIS) Function
The Flight Information Service (FIS) Function allows access to graphic and text weather data messages on
WSI InFlight-equipped installations. Graphical weather includes US and Canadian radar, METARs, winds aloft,
temperature aloft, lightning strikes, warning areas, and TAFs. You can select Graphical WX, Text, or Status information by pressing the Menu/Ent key and then choosing the type of information with the Menu Item keys.
Review the Limitations section in the Pilot’s Guide Introduction for the limitations that apply to the FIS data.
Product Times
Product times shown on the lower portion of the display are: GM for Graphical METARs, RD for weather radar,
ETP for EchoTops, LTG for Lightning, PRP for PIREPs, TFR for Temporary Flight Restrictions, WND for Winds
Aloft, and TMP for Temperature Aloft, ICE for Icing, and WB for Warning Boxes (Airmets and Sigmets). Times are
Zulu times when the data was assembled on the ground, not the time the data was received by the FIS sensor.
For GMX 200s that have a GPS receiver that provides time, the Zulu time is the time reported by the GPS
receiver. For GMX 200s that do not have time provided by a GPS receiver, this field is invalid and dashed out.
Product times are shown in white when they are 0 to 5 minutes old, gray when they are 5 to 10 minutes old,
and yellow when they are older than 10 minutes. For GMX 200s that have time available from a GPS receiver,
age is based on the time reported by the GPS receiver. For GMX 200s that do not have time available from a GPS
receiver, age is based on the time the data was received from the FIS sensor. In this case, the age of the data may
be older than what is shown by the color coding. The WSI logo on the right is displayed when new data is being
transferred from the WSI receiver to the GMX 200.
Zulu Time
Winds Aloft
Graphical METARs
Winds Aloft Altitude
Weather Radar
Temporary Flight Restrictions
Echo Tops
PIREPs
Warning Boxes
Lightning
WSI FIS Graphic Weather Product Times
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Graphical WX Overlay Options
Graphical Weather (WX) Display
A variety of graphical information is available with
the Overlay function when viewing the Graphical WX
display. Press the OVRL function key to view and
select available options. Some or all of the following
may be available, based on your FIS subscription.
• US and/or Canadian Weather Radar (determined
by subscription)
• METARs, US, and/or Canadian (determined by
subscription)
• SIGMETs & AIRMETs
• Echo Tops
• Icing
• TFRs
• Lightning
• Winds/Temperature Aloft
• Label
• Flight Plan
• Legend
• Map Detail
• Map Orientation
Weather radar images are available for display
from the FIS sensor by selecting the Graphical WX
option. A cyan dot pattern indicates areas where no
data has been received from the FIS sensor. Solid cyan
areas represent areas where the ground based weather
radars are unable to monitor weather. This is typically
caused by terrain obstruction. When depicted, color
coded weather intensity is presented and is an indication of radar echo return strength. Different colors
are used for US and Canadian weather. Because of
weather radar differences, do not assume that the same
actual weather intensities are represented by the same
colors. The intensities associated with the color codes
are available by viewing the Legend Overlay Option.
The legend associated with the weather radar image is
shown for the depicted radar data, US or Canadian.
The weather display and Icing products are
mutually exclusive. You may select to display either
the weather display or Icing, not both. Selecting the
weather display will turn off the Icing display.
WSI FIS Graphic Weather Info
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Menu Options for Overlay Page 1
METARS use the same color coding and will be shown
at the same time with a subscription to both products.
SIGMETs & AIRMETs
WSI FIS Graphic Weather Overlay Menu Items (Page 1)
1. Press the Ovrl function key to allow selection of the Overlay choices when viewing the
Graphical WX option.
2. Press Menu/Ent to display menu items for
the Overlay. Press Next Page to see more
options.
US or Canadian Weather Radar
This option is only available when subscribed to
both radar products. WSI offers subscriptions for US
and Canadian radar data. Because of differences in
radar technology, both data types cannot be displayed
at the same time. When subscribed to both weather
radar products, you can alternate between the two
with the Overlay option.
METARs
When enabled, METARs are available as colored
circles or diamonds at airports that provide METAR
reports. Press the METARs key to cycle through the
options of circular, diamond, or no METARs. Circles
depict the current METAR. Diamonds depict the
current weather condition. Refer to the Legend for
a description of the color code. US and Canadian
When enabled, the following SIGMETs and
AIRMETs are available for display with repeated
presses of the Menu Item key :
• “SIGMETs” are for Convective SIGMETs
• “T AIRMET” is for Surface/Aloft Turbulence
AIRMETs
• “Z AIRMET” is for Icing AIRMET
• “S AIRMET” is for an IFR condition, such as a
mountain obstruction
• “No Warn. Area” turns off all SIGMETs and
AIRMETs
These are collectively known as Warning Boxes and
are displayed as color coded outlines of the affected
area. Refer to the Legend for a description of the color
coding.
Echo Tops
Echo Tops indicate the location, elevation, and
direction of the highest radar echo. This is typically
associated with storms. This may not indicate the top
of a storm or clouds, only the highest radar return
echo. Refer to the Legend for a description of the Echo
Tops coding.
Icing
Icing data may be displayed with either Winds or
Temperatures Aloft. Two icing hazards may be displayed. Current Icing Severity (CIS) is displayed in
different shades of blue. Super-cooled Large Droplets
(SLD) are shown in magenta. Refer to the Legend for
a description of the CIS color coding. A dot pattern
indicates areas where no icing has been received or is
not available, such as the higher altitudes.
Press the Icing key to toggle the display of Icing
data on and off. Use the Alt+ and Alt- menu item keys
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WSI Addendum
WSI - FIS
to select the altitude to display the reported information.
WSI FIS Graphic Weather Menu Items
The Icing and weather radar displays are mutually
exclusive, meaning one or the other may be displayed,
but not both at the same time. Turning the Icing display on turns off the weather radar display.
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) indicate areas
where flight restrictions have been imposed. They are
depicted as areas with yellow outlines and a crosshatch pattern. The cross-hatch pattern indicates that
the TFR is currently active or within 30 minutes of
being active. The area may also contain the TFR identifier. The TFR identifier includes the TFR number and
upper altitude. TFRs are displayed on the MAP function when Airspaces are enabled in the MAP function.
Menu Options for Overlay Page 2
1. Press the Ovrl function key to allow selection of the Overlay choices when viewing the
Graphical WX option.
Lightning
Press the Lightning key to toggle the display of
lightning strikes on and off.
Winds and Temperatures Aloft
Press the Wind/Temp key to toggle the display of
Winds Aloft on, or Temperature Aloft on, or both off.
Winds Aloft and Temperature Aloft may not both be
shown at the same time. Temperatures are displayed
in units of degrees Celsius. Minus temperatures are
shown with a blue background. Plus temperatures are
shown with an orange background. When Winds or
Temperature Aloft are on, Alt+ and Alt- Menu Item
keys are available to select the altitude to display the
reported information. If Icing is on, data is displayed
for the same altitude.
2. Press Menu/Ent to display menu items for the
Overlay.
3. Press Main Menu to return to the Main
Menu.
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WSI - FIS
WSI FIS Winds Aloft is selected
WSI FIS Coverage Data
Label
Press the Label key to toggle labels on and off.
Flight Plan
Press Menu/Ent key and then press the Flight
Plan key to toggle the Flight Plan course line on and
off. The magenta line is the active leg.
WSI FIS Temperature Aloft is selected with Alt keys shown
Coverage Data
Press the Menu/Ent key and then press the
Coverage Data key to toggle the display of the WSI
weather radar coverage area on and off. Cyan areas
indicate that there is no radar coverage.
NOTE: Displaying Coverage Data with Radar data
will provide a complete picture of Radar Coverage.
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Menu Options for Overlay Page 3
Legend
Press Menu/Ent key and then press the
Legend key to display the legends describing the
graphic display colors. Press the Legend key once
to display a legend for the METAR, Weather, and
Radar colors. Press the Legend key a second time to
display a legend for AIRMET and SIGMET colors and
EchoTop graphics.
WSI FIS Legend for Echo Top Graphics
When viewing the Canadian radar data, the
Canadian Radar legend colors will appear in the lower
portion of the legend.
WSI FIS Legend for US and Canadian Radar
Map Detail
WSI FIS METAR and Wx Legend (US)
Press the Map Detail Menu Item key to choose
between the display of No Overlays, the Base Map, or
Map and Nav Aids.
SafeTaxi airport diagrams are always drawn if
available in the database. SafeTaxi airport diagrams
are drawn when the zoom scale is 20 NM, or lower,
with progressively more details shown as the scale
decreases.
WSI FIS Legend for AIRMET and SIGMET Colors
WSI FIS Current Icing Severity Legend
Airport diagrams may show areas where extra
vigilance is recommended due to traffic congestion,
visibility constraints, or other unique circumstances.
These areas are called hot spots and are identified by
circular or elliptical lines. Although these areas are
highlighted as places where extra caution is warranted and advised, they do not relieve the pilot of the
responsibility to “see and avoid” other traffic or obstacles, on the airport surface or in the air. All taxiway
and runway intersections should be approached with
caution, whether they are marked with hot spots or
not. Runways where Land and Hold Short Operations
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WSI - FIS
(LAHSO) may be in effect are identified with yellow
lines across the runway labeled “LAHSO”. Other areas
where extra vigilance is recommended, such as construction zones, may also outlined with yellow lines.
Hot spots and other outlined areas are derived from
database information and may therefore contain errors
or may not be included in the database.
2. Use the function arrow keys to select the FIS Category and information type. When available, press
the View key for more detail or full screen display.
Map Orientation
Press the Map Orientation Menu Item key to
choose the configuration of the map orientation of
DTK Up, North Up, TRK Up, TRK Up Arc, or TRK
Up 360.
Exit Overlay Mode
Press the Ovrl function key to exit Overlay mode.
WSI FIS Text Weather Messages
The upper portion of the FIS Function page is used
for displaying the contents of an individual FIS message while the lower portion of the screen is used for
categorization and sorting of different message types,
such as METARS, TAFs, SIGMETS, AIREPs, PIREPs,
etc.
The FIS Category columns are loosely defined as
message type, location and time stamp to handle the
most common type of FIS up-link data.
WSI FIS Graphic Weather Menu Items (Trk Up 360)
Text Display
FIS text messages are available on the text display
and include METARs, TAFs, AIRMETs, SIGMETs,
AIREPs, PIREPs, and TFRs. Individual text messages
are updated every five minutes and composed of four
parts: message type, location, time, and message body.
1. Press the Menu/Ent key and then press the Text
key to activate the Text display.
The different message types and data content are
fully controlled by the ground broadcast systems. The
airborne system will automatically display any message
type that is received.
US and Canadian text METARs, text and graphical
TAFs are available at the same time when subscribed
to both US and Canadian products. US and Canadian
METARs and TAFs use the same format as described
below.
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Smart Key Function
The fourth “smart” key performs special functions
within the FIS Function:
When the Selection Pointer is located in the first of
the three columns, the fourth “smart” key displays the
label “Clear”. When pressed, all messages for the currently selected category will be cleared from the GMX
200. This feature can be used to clear old data received
over the data link.
When the Selection Pointer is in the center-most
column, the fourth “smart” key displays the label
“Sort.” See below for how the sort option works.
WSI FIS Graphic and Text TAF Weather Messages
Selecting Text Data
White Selection Pointers above the smart keys can
be used to select an alternate message for display. The
selected line in the FIS Category area is noted by a
white arrow. The pilot can move the Selection Pointer
within the Category area to select the desired category,
location, and time that is of interest with the use of
the arrow keys. The rotary knob scrolls up and down
through the list. Pressing the rotary knob switches
between columns.
Using this interface, the pilot can easily select the
desired message type (such as METAR), then select
the airport of interest (such as KPDX), then select a
specific METAR report by time (such as 141512Z).
At all times, the message displayed in the upper
FIS Message area on the screen matches the highlighted entry in the FIS Category area below.
The system shows text METAR and TAF data for the
25 locations nearest the present position and up to the
25 locations nearest to the destination in the flight plan
that are reporting weather information. The system will
show all other data provided by the FIS sensor.
When the Selection Pointer is in the right most
column, the fourth “smart” key displays the label
“View.” When pressed, the currently viewed message is
presented in a full screen mode. This feature provides
a mechanism to view large textual messages that do
not fit within the upper half of the display area. Some
messages may be longer than can be displayed in the
full screen mode. These are indicated by a small arrow
at the bottom of the area. Press the arrow keys to scroll
through the information.
Viewing Text TAFs
Pressing the View key when highlighting TAFs will
display a full screen with the text TAF at the top and
a graphic representation in the lower portion of the
screen. The Time column includes both date and time.
The METARs column displays active METAR information. The Prev column displays prevailing conditions.
The Tempo column displays temporary conditions.
The Prob column displays probable conditions. Press
the arrow keys to scroll the information and the View
key to exit this view.
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WSI - FIS
Sorting FIS Messages
Status Information
Special sorting capabilities are provided for in the
central “location” column. This sorting allows weather
reports to be sorted by location based on different
criteria.
Status information shows satellite signal reception
status, the amount of data received, and the weather
products that have been activated. Contact your FIS
service provider to activate and deactivate products.
When the Selection Pointer is located in the second
column, the fourth “smart” key label changes to “Sort.”
When pressed, the sorting of the messages cycle
through the following options:
• (Distance to) Nearest Final Waypoint
• (Distance to) Nearest Present Position
• (Distance to) Nearest Next Waypoint
• Alphanumerically
When the sorting is based on distances from current
ownship to a given airport, the system must be able to
correlate a Jeppesen airport that matches the location
field of the received message. If this lookup is successful, a distance shall be presented adjacent to the location
text. If no corresponding location can be determined, no
distance is assigned but the message is presented at the
end of the list.
The default sorting method is “Nearest Present
Position” and is reset when the FIS Function is reentered.
1. Press the Menu/Ent key and then press the Status key to activate the Status display.
WSI FIS Status Statistics
2. Press the Prod function key to display the available
WSI products.
WSI FIS Graphic and Text TAF Weather Messages
190-00607-06 Rev D
GMX 200 Safety Monitor Codes
Code
The GMX 200 is designed to detect anomalies and unexpected operational
and data events. When an anomaly or event occurs, the unit assumes the situation is unrecoverable and continued unit operation is ill-advisable. Regardless
of the code, neither the unit nor operator has enough information to identify the
source and resolve the problem. To avoid the possibility of displaying misleading data, the unit reboots itself to restore normal operations.
When an event occurs, the unit identifies the section of the software where
the problem was detected. A code is displayed on the error screen before the reboot and in the MSG function after the reboot. Codes are organized by subsystem and functional block. See the table below for the list of codes. Error codes
include four digits. The first two identify the function or software section that
detected the error. The last two digits indicate a specific line or software instruction. The error code is an indication where the error was detected. However, in
most cases it is not where the error occurred.
If the error code condition clears and does not return after resetting the
unit, it can be assumed that the condition causing the code was temporary and
the unit will continue to function properly. If the condition causing the event
persists, the unit will detect the event and issue another reboot along with a
code, typically the same code. This will continue until the unit is turned off or
the condition causing the event is resolved.
Repeated occurrences of the same code indicate there may be a problem
with the installation, with a sensor providing data to the GMX 200, or within
the GMX 200. This situation should be analyzed in order to determine the
root cause of the problem. Should a code be displayed twice within a short
amount of time, please record the four-digit code if practical along with any
other symptoms or information, and report the event to your Garmin technical
support representative for further analysis. The GMX 200 also records log files
on the SD card. A copy of these files should also be provided to Garmin to help
investigate the problem.
Operational Response
Codes are not indicators that provide specific operational guidance (i.e., go
or no-go). There is no specific action to be taken by the flight crew based on the
displayed code. Codes are an indication that the unit may have received unexpected data, had a problem processing the received data, or other difficulty.
The following are recommended actions based on the current situation:
Pre-Flight and Post-Flight
If a code appears, the pilot should let the unit reboot. If the problem does
not reappear, the operation may proceed. If the code continues to appear multiple times, the pilot should have the problem investigated by a mechanic. Repeated problems must be reported to Garmin technical support representative
along with the code number and logfile(s).
During Flight
If a code appears, the pilot should let the unit reboot. If the problem does
not reappear, the flight may continue. If the code continues to appear multiple
times, the flight may continue at the pilot’s discretion. The pilot has the option
to turn the unit off. Repeated problems must be reported to Garmin technical
support representative along with the code number and logfile(s).
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Subsystem
Safety Monitor
Startup
GPS
UAT
Altitude
General Drawing
WX 500 (StrikeFinder)
SL30
Ryan TCAD
Radar
Radar
Traffic (Skywatch, IHAS, GTX)
WSI
TAWS
GDL 69
Basemap
Display Head
Option Menu
Annunciation Flags
GAMA 429
Weather (UAT/WSI)
GPS
Message
GDL 69
GDL 69 Weather
Traffic
Radar/TAWS
IO
IO
IO
Charts (Jepp)
General Drawing
GDL 69 Audio
GDL 69 Audio
Traffic
Airports
Airspace
General Drawing
General Function Drawing
Charts
Terrain
Echo Tops (WSI)
Weather (UAT/WSI)
Flight Plan
Option Menu
Graphical METAR (UAT/WSI)
Basemap
IFR Map Function
Intersections
Lat/Lon Lines
Basemap
Custom Map Function
Message Function
Navaids
NDBs
Obstructions
Baro Correction popup
GDL 90 Code Edit
Radar
VFR Function
Traffic
Smart Key/Soft Key Menu
Split Screen Function
Lightning Function
TAWS Function
TFR (WSI)
VOR Drawing
Warning Areas (WSI)
FIS Function (GDL 69)
TAFS (WSI)
Option Menu
Configuration Module
Startup tasks
Traffic Subsystem
© 2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southhampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00607-06 Rev D
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