Garmin GNC 420A GPS Receiver User Manual

GNC 420/420A
Quick Reference
KEYS AND KNOBS
3
2
1
5
4
6
7
GNC 420
8
9
10
11
12
13
15
14
16
Figure 1-1 Keys and Knobs
8
ENT (enter)
Small left knob
13
9
Large left knob
14
10
NRST
15
11
OBS
16
1
COM Power/ Volume
7
2
COM Flip-flop
CLR (clear)
Direct-to
3
4
5
6
RNG (map range)
MENU
12
MSG (message)
FPL (flight plan)
PROC (procedures)
Large right knob
Small right knob
Left-hand Keys and Knobs
The COM Power/Volume Knob controls unit power
and communications radio volume. Press momentarily to
disable automatic squelch control.
The large left knob is used to tune the megahertz (MHz)
value of the standby frequency for the COM transceiver.
2
The small left knob is used to tune the kilohertz (kHz)
value of the standby frequency for the COM transceiver.
The COM Flip-flop Key is used to swap the active
and standby COM frequencies. Press and hold to select
emergency channel (121.500 MHz).
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
KEYS AND KNOBS
Right-hand Keys and Knobs
Bottom Row Keys
The RNG Key allows the pilot to select the desired
map range. Press the up arrow to zoom out to a larger
area, or the down arrow to zoom in to a smaller area.
The Direct-to Key provides access to the direct-to
function, which allows the pilot to enter a destination
waypoint and establishes a direct course to the selected
destination.
The MENU Key displays a context-sensitive list of
options. This options list allows the pilot to access
additional features or make settings changes which relate
to the currently displayed page.
The CLR Key is used to erase information, remove
map detail, or to cancel an entry. Press and hold the CLR
key to immediately display the Default NAV Page.
The ENT Key is used to approve an operation or
complete data entry. It is also used to confirm information,
such as during power on.
The large right knob is used to select between the
various page groups: NAV, WPT, AUX, or NRST. With
the on-screen cursor enabled, the large right knob allows
the pilot to move the cursor about the page. The large
right knob is also used to move the target pointer right
(turn clockwise) or left (counterclockwise) when the map
panning function is active.
The small right knob is used to select between the
various pages within one of the groups listed above. Press
this knob momentarily to display the on-screen cursor.
The cursor allows the pilot to enter data and/or make a
selection from a list of options. When entering data, the
small knob is used to select the desired letter or number
and the large knob is used to move to the next character
space. The small right knob is also used to move the target
pointer up (turn clockwise) or down (counterclockwise)
when the map panning function is active.
The NRST Key displays the Nearest Airports Page. Then,
turning the small right knob steps through the NRST pages.
The OBS Key is used to select manual or automatic
sequencing of waypoints. Pressing the OBS Key selects
OBS mode, which retains the current ‘active to’ waypoint
as the navigation reference even after passing the waypoint
(i.e., prevents sequencing to the next waypoint). Pressing
the OBS Key again returns the unit to normal operation,
with automatic sequencing of waypoints. When OBS
mode is selected, the pilot may set the desired course
to/from a waypoint using the ‘Select OBS Course’ pop-up
window, or an external OBS selector on the HSI or CDI.
The MSG Key is used to view system messages and to
alert the pilot to important warnings and requirements.
The FPL Key allows the pilot to create, edit, activate, and
invert flight plans, as well as access approaches, departures,
and arrivals. A closest point to flight plan feature is also
available from the FPL Key.
The PROC Key allows the pilot to select and remove
approaches, departures, and arrivals from the flight plan.
When using a flight plan, available procedures for the
departure and/or arrival airport are offered automatically.
Otherwise, the pilot may select the desired airport, then the
desired procedure.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
Powering on the GNC 420:
1)
Turn the COM Power/Volume Knob clockwise
to turn the unit power on and set the desired
radio volume.
2)
A welcome page appears briefly while the unit
performs a self test, followed sequentially by
the Unit Type Page and the Software Versions
Page. Then (depending on configuration)
the Weather Page, the Traffic Page, the
Aviation Data Page, the Land/Terrain/Obstacles
Database Page, and the Situational Awareness
Page are sequentially displayed.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
3
POWER ON
3)
Once the self-test concludes, the Database
Versions Page appears which shows the current
database information on the NavData® Card
and Terrain Data cards. Press the ENT Key to
acknowledge the Database Page and proceed
to the Instrument Panel Self-test Page.
SCREEN LAYOUT (WINDOWS)
The GNC 420’s display is divided into three separate
windows (or screen areas). The left side of the display
provides a COM Window (top two lines) and a userdefined data field below. The right side of the display
consists of a GPS Window, which shows the various
navigation, waypoint information, and settings pages. The
bottom of the display is used for annunciators.
COM Window
GPS Window
Active Frequency
Standby Frequency
4)
The Instrument Panel Self-test Page allows
the pilot to verify that the GNC 420 is
communicating properly with in-panel
instruments. Compare on-screen indications
with the information depicted on connected
instruments, such as the CDI, HSI, RMI, and/or
external annunciators. After verifying proper
operation, press the ENT Key to display the
Satellite Status Page.
Each unique screen of information is referred to as
a page. Pages are typically selected using the small and
large right knobs, with the cursor removed from the GPS
Window. See pages 6 and 7 for details on arrangement of
the GNC 420’s main pages.
CURSORS
There are two separate cursors: a tuning cursor and a
GPS window cursor. The tuning cursor is used to select
the standby COM frequency. Use the small and large left
knobs to select the desired frequency. The COM Flipflop Key is used to activate the selected frequency.
4
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
FREQUENCY SELECTION
Selecting a frequency:
1)
Turn the large left knob to select the desired
megahertz (MHz) value. For example, the ‘135’
portion of the frequency ‘135.325’.
Quickly tuning and activating the 121.500
emergency channel:
Press and hold the COM Flip-flop Key for
approximately two seconds.
DATA ENTRY
Data is entered in the GPS Window using the large and
small right knobs. The large right knob is used to move
the cursor about the page. The small right knob is used
to select individual characters for the highlighted cursor
location.
2)
Turn the small left knob to select the desired
kilohertz (kHz) value. For example, the ‘.325’
portion of the frequency ‘135.325’.
3)
To activate the selected frequency, press the
COM Flip-flop Key.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
5
MAIN PAGE GROUPS
Main Page Groups
NAV Page Group
The GNC 420’s main pages are divided into four
separate page groups: NAV, WPT, AUX, and NRST. Each
page group is comprised of multiple pages. The page groups
are selected using the large right knob. The individual
pages are selected using the small right knob.
Page Groups
NAV Group WPT Group AUX Group
7 NAV Pages 10 WPT Pages 4 AUX Pages
NRST Group
8 NRST Pages
The NAV Page Group includes seven pages.
Default NAV
Map
NAV/COM
Position
TERRAIN
(if configured)
Satellite Status
VNAV
Position of
Current Page
within Current
Page Group
Current Page Group
Number of Pages in
Current Page Group
The bottom right corner of the screen indicates which
page group is currently being displayed (e.g., NAV, WPT,
AUX, or NRST), the number of screens available within that
group (indicated by the square icons), and the placement
of the current screen within that group (indicated by a
highlighted square icon).
Selecting the desired page group and page:
1) Press and hold the CLR Key to select the
Default NAV Page.
2) Turn the large right knob to select the desired
page group.
3) Turn the small right knob to select the desired
page.
6
WPT PAGE GROUP
The WPT Page Group includes ten pages.
Airport Location
Airport Runway
Airport Frequency
Airport Approach
Airport Arrival
Airport Departure
Intersection
NDB
VOR
User Waypoint
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190-00140-21 Rev. F
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
AUX PAGE GROUP
Selecting a direct-to destination:
The AUX Page Group includes four pages.
Utility
Flight Planning
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2)
Use the small and large right knobs to
enter the identifier of the desired destination
waypoint.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function.
Setup 1
Setup 2
NOTE: The flight plan pages are selected by
pressing the FPL Key and using the small right
knob to select the desired page.
NRST PAGE GROUP
The NRST Page Group includes eight pages.
NRST Airport
NRST VOR
NRST Intersection
NRST User
NRST NDB
NRST Center
NRST Flight Service NRST Airspace
NOTE: The NRST Pages can be selected by
pressing the NRST Key or by using the large
right knob.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
7
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Selecting a direct-to destination from the
Map Page:
Selecting a direct-to destination by facility
name or city:
1)
Select the Map Page from the NAV Page
Group.
1)
2)
Press the small right knob to display a panning
pointer.
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2)
Turn the small and large right knobs to place
the panning pointer at the desired destination
location.
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
facility name (second line) or the city (third
line) field.
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the facility name or city location of the desired
destination waypoint. When spelling the
facility name or city, the GNC 420’s Spell’N’Find
feature selects the first entry in the database
based upon the characters the pilot has entered
up to that point.
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to scroll
through any additional database listings for the
selected facility name or city. If needed, use
the small right knob to scroll backwards.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function.
3)
8
4)
If the panning pointer is placed on an existing
airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the waypoint
name is highlighted. Press the Direct-to Key
and the ENT Key twice to navigate to the
waypoint.
5)
If the panning pointer is placed on an open
location, press the Direct-to Key then press
the ENT Key twice to create a ‘+MAP’ waypoint
and navigate to it.
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190-00140-21 Rev. F
VIEWING AIRPORT
INFORMATION
Selecting a nearby airport or a flight plan
waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1)
Press the Direct-to Key.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
nearest airport (NRST) or flight plan (FPL)
field.
3)
Viewing airport information:
1)
Turn the large right knob to select the WPT
Page Group. ‘WPT’ appears in the lower right
corner of the screen.
2)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
WPT page. Airport information is displayed on
the first six WPT pages: airport location, airport
runway, airport frequency, airport approach,
airport arrival, and airport departure.
3)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
4)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the desired airport.
5)
Once the identifier is entered, the information
for that airport appears on the page. Press the
ENT Key to accept the selected identifier.
6)
To view the other airport information pages,
press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor and turn the small right knob
to select the desired page.
Turn the small right knob to display a window
listing nearby airports or all waypoints in the
active flight plan.
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through the list and highlight the desired
airport.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
waypoint, and press the ENT Key again to
activate the direct-to function.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
9
VIEWING AIRPORT
INFORMATION
Viewing airport information by facility
name or city:
1)
Select the Airport Location Page (see page 6).
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
facility name (second line) or the city (third
line) field.
4)
Turn the small and large right knob to enter
the facility name or city location of the desired
destination waypoint. When spelling the
facility name or city, the GNC 420’s Spell’N’Find
feature will select the first entry in the database
based upon the characters that have been
entered up to that point.
5)
6)
10
Once the identifier is entered, the information
for that airport appears on the page. Press the
ENT Key to accept the selected identifier.
To view the other airport information pages,
press the small right knob to remove the
flashing cursor and turn the small right knob
to select the desired page.
Auto-Tune FEATURE
The GNC 420’s auto-tune feature allows the pilot to
quickly select any database COM frequency in the GPS
Window as the standby frequency. With a minimum
of keystrokes, any COM frequency listed in the GPS
Window can be transferred to the standby field of the
COM Window. (NAV frequencies are shown for reference
only.)
Auto tuning a frequency from a list:
1)
Select the Airport Frequencies Page from the
WPT Page Group (see page 6).
2)
Press the small right knob to place the cursor
on the airport identifier field.
3)
Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the desired airport. Press the
ENT Key when finished.
4)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired frequency.
5)
Press the ENT Key to place the highlighted
frequency in the standby COM Window field
(as appropriate).
6)
To activate the selected frequency, press the
COM Flip-flop Key.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
DEFAULT NAV PAGE
Default NAV Page
TO/FROM Flag
Active Leg of Flight Plan
Quickly displaying the Default NAV Page:
Course Deviation
Indicator (CDI)
From any page, press and hold the CLR Key for
approximately two seconds.
Selecting a different data item for any data
field:
1)
With the Default NAV Page displayed, press the
MENU Key to display the Default NAV Page
Menu.
2)
The ‘Change Fields?’ option is already
highlighted, so press the ENT Key to select
this option.
3)
Use the large right knob to highlight the data
field to be changed.
User-selectable
Data Fields
The following symbols are used on the Default NAV
Page (directly below the CDI), to depict the ‘active leg’ of
a flight plan or direct to:
Direct-to a Waypoint
Course to a Waypoint, or Desired Course
between Two Waypoints
Procedure Turn
Procedure Turn
Vectors-to-Final
DME Arc to the Left
DME Arc to the Right
Left-hand Holding Pattern
Right-hand Holding Pattern
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
11
MAP PAGE
4)
Turn the small right knob to display the list
of available data items. Continue turning the
small right knob to select the desired data
item from the list.
The following symbols are used to depict the various
airports and NAVAIDs on the Map Page:
Symbol
Description
Airport with hard surface runway(s); (primary
runway shown)
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only
Private Airfield
Heliport
VOR
5)
Press the ENT Key to select the desired data
item and return to the Default NAV Page.
6)
Press the small right knob momentarily to
remove the cursor from the page.
VOR/DME
DME
Localizer
Map Page
Intersection
VORTAC
Data Fields
Desired Track
Present Position
Map Display
Map Range
TACAN
NDB
Locator Outer Marker
Selecting a map range:
12
1)
Press the up arrow of the RNG Key to zoom
out to a larger map area.
2)
Press the down arrow of the RNG Key to zoom
in to a smaller map area and more detail.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
FULL SCREEN MAP
Selecting a different data item for any data
field:
1)
With Map Page displayed, press the MENU
Key to display an options menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Change
Fields?’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the data
field to be changed.
3)
4)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
type of data for this field and press the ENT
Key.
Quickly decluttering the map display:
To re-display the data fields, follow steps 1 and
2, but instead select ‘Data Fields On?’ from the
options menu.
Press the CLR Key momentarily (as often as
needed) to select the desired amount of map
detail. The declutter level appears adjacent to
the map range.
5)
Press the small right knob to remove the
cursor.
Turning the data fields off and displaying a
full screen map:
1)
With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU
Key to display the Map Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Data
Fields Off?’ and press the ENT Key.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
Map Detail Level
13
NAVCOM PAGE
NAVCOM Page
Inhibiting TERRAIN:
Select the TERRAIN Page and press the MENU
Key. ‘Inhibit Terrain?’ is selected by default.
1)
The NAVCOM Page provides a list of the airport
communication and navigation frequencies at the
departure, enroute, and arrival airports.
Departure, Enroute, or
Arrival Airport
Scroll
Bar
Press the ENT Key. The ‘TER INHB’ annunciation
is displayed in the TERRAIN annunciator field
when TERRAIN is inhibited.
2)
Assigned Frequency and
Usage Information (When
Applicable)
Frequency Type
Selecting a frequency list for a departure,
enroute, or arrival airport:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to place the cursor
on the airport identifier field (top line on the
NAVCOM Page).
3)
Turn the small right knob to select the desired
airport and press the ENT Key.
Annunciator Field
14
NOTE: Inhibit mode deactivates TERRAIN alerting
when deemed unnecessary by the pilot. Flying
VFR into an area where unique terrain exists could
cause the system to annunciate nuisance alerts.
Pilots should use discretion when inhibiting the
TERRAIN system and always remember to enable
the system when appropriate.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
NEAREST AIRPORTS
Scrolling through the list of frequencies:
1)
Activate the cursor, if not already active, by
pressing the small right knob.
2)
Turn the large right knob to move the cursor
through the list of frequencies. If there are
more frequencies in the list than can be
displayed on the screen, a scroll bar along the
right-hand side of the screen indicates which
part of the list is currently being displayed.
Viewing a list of nearest airports:
Press the NRST Key to display the Nearest
Airport Page. ‘NRST’ will appear in the lower
right corner of the screen.
Auto tuning a frequency from the NAVCOM
Page:
1)
Highlight the desired frequency by scrolling
through the list of frequencies, as described in
the preceding procedure.
2)
To place a frequency in the standby field of the
COM Window, highlight the desired frequency
and press the ENT Key. (NAV frequencies are
shown for reference only.)
Scrolling through the list of nearest
airports:
1)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the large right knob to scroll through the
list. The scroll bar along the right-hand side of
the page will indicate which part of the list is
currently being viewed.
3)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the small
right knob.
Bottom Row Annunciators and messages
See Pilot’s Guide for detailed information.
TERRAIN Annunciator
TERRAIN,
TERRAIN (Flashing),
TER FAIL,
TER INHB,
TER N/A
Integrity Failure
INTEG
Position Warning
WARN (RAIM protection
limit failure)
190-00140-21 Rev. F
CDI/RAIM Mode
Approach,
Enroute,
Oceanic,
Terminal,
‘0.30’ (for
VLOC approaches)
OBS Mode
Suspend,
OBS,
Blank (for autosequencing)
Page Group Indicator
NAV, WPT, AUX, NRST,
FPL, DRCT, PROC, MSG
Waypoint Alert
NEXT DTK, etc.
Turn Advisory
TURN TO_, etc.
Message Annunciator
On,
Flashing (new message),
Blank (no message)
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
15
NEARBY AIRPORTS
Viewing additional information for a
nearby airport:
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to
destination:
1)
Highlight the identifier of the desired airport by
scrolling through the list, as described in the
preceding procedure.
1)
Press the Direct-to Key. The Select Direct-to
Waypoint Page appears, with the waypoint
identifier field highlighted.
2)
Press the ENT Key to display the Airport
Location Page for the selected airport.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
nearest airport (NRST) field.
3)
Turn the small right knob to display a window
showing up to nine nearby airports.
4)
Continue turning the small right knob to
scroll through the list and highlight the desired
airport.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected
airport. Press the ENT Key again (with
‘Activate?’ highlighted) to activate the direct-to
function.
3)
4)
16
To view additional WPT pages for the selected
airport (including the airport runway and
airport frequency pages), press the small right
knob to remove the flashing cursor. Turn the
small right knob to display the additional
WPT pages. When finished, press the small
right knob to return the flashing cursor to the
screen.
To return to the Nearest Airport Page, verify that
‘Done?’ is highlighted by the flashing cursor
and press the ENT (or CLR) Key.
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190-00140-21 Rev. F
FLIGHT PLANS
Navigating a flight plan:
Creating a new flight plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page Menu.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Create
New Flight Plan?’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the MENU Key to
display the Flight Plan Catalog Page Menu.
4)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Flight Plan?’ and press the ENT Key.
4)
A blank Flight Plan Page appears for the first
empty storage location. Use the small and
large right knobs to enter the identifier of the
departure waypoint, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Repeat the preceding step 4 to enter the
identifier for each additional flight plan
waypoint.
6)
Once all waypoints have been entered, press
the small right knob to return to the Flight
Plan Catalog Page.
190-00140-21 Rev. F
Stop navigating a flight plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Delete
Flight Plan?’, and press the ENT Key.
4)
With ‘Yes?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
delete the flight plan.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
17
SELECT AN APPROACH
Editing a flight plan:
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small right
knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the small right knob to activate the
cursor.
3)
Turn the large right knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the ENT Key.
4)
To add a waypoint to the flight plan, turn the
large right knob to select the point to add
the new waypoint. (If an existing waypoint is
highlighted, the new waypoint is placed directly
in front of this waypoint.)
3)
A window appears listing the available
procedures. Turn the large right knob to
highlight the desired procedure and press the
ENT Key.
4)
A second window appears listing the available
transitions. Turn the large right knob to
highlight the desired transition waypoint and
press the ENT Key. (The approach ‘Vectors’
option assumes the pilot will receive vectors
to the final course segment of the approach
and will provide navigation guidance relative
to the final approach course.)
a) Use the small and large right knobs to enter
the identifier of the new waypoint and press
the ENT Key.
5)
To delete a waypoint from the flight plan, turn
the large right knob to select the waypoint to
be deleted and press the CLR Key to display a
‘remove waypoint’ confirmation window.
a) With ‘Yes’ highlighted, press the ENT key to
remove the waypoint.
6)
Once all changes have been made, press the
small right knob to return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
Selecting an approach:
18
1)
Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures
Page.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Select
Approach?’ and press the ENT Key.
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190-00140-21 Rev. F
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH
5)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Load?’
or ‘Activate?’ and press the ENT Key. (‘Load?’
adds the procedure to the flight plan without
immediately using it for navigation guidance.
This allows the pilot to continue navigating the
original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for
quick activation when needed.)
6)
For precision approaches and some nonprecision approaches, a reminder window
appears indicating that GPS guidance on
such approaches is strictly for monitoring only
— use the external navigation receivers and
CDI (or HSI) for primary navigation. To confirm
this reminder, highlight ‘Yes?’ and press the
ENT Key.
Not all approaches in the database are approved for GPS
use. As the pilot selects an approach, a ‘GPS’ designation
to the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure
can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures
do not have this designation, meaning the GPS receiver
may be used for supplemental navigation guidance only.
ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning the
VLOC receiver to the proper frequency and coupling the
VLOC receiver to the external CDI (or HSI).
190-00140-21 Rev. F
A selected approach may be activated or loaded. Once
an approach is selected, it may be activated for navigation
from the Procedures Page. Activating the approach
overrides the ‘enroute’ portion of the active flight plan,
proceeding directly to the ‘approach’ portion (for a full
approach, directly to the initial approach fix). Activating
the approach also initiates automatic CDI scaling transition
as the approach progresses.
In many cases, it may be easiest to ‘Load’ the full
approach while still some distance away, enroute to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the
following steps to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’—which
makes the inbound course to the final approach fix (FAF)
waypoint active. Otherwise, activate the full approach
using the ’Activate Approach?’ option.
Activating an approach:
1)
With an approach loaded in the active flight
plan, press the PROC Key to display the
Procedures Page.
2)
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Approach?’ and press the ENT Key.
The ‘Activate Vector-To-Final?’ option allows the pilot
to activate the final course segment of the approach. This
option assumes the pilot will receive vectors to the FAF
and provides guidance to intercept the final course, before
reaching the FAF.
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
19
FLYING AN APPROACH
Activating the approach with vectors to
final:
1)
2)
With an approach loaded in the active flight
plan, press the PROC Key to display the
Procedures Page.
Turn the large right knob to highlight ‘Activate
Vector-To-Final?’ and press the ENT Key.
Guidelines for Flying an Approach
Due to the variety of available approach procedures,
the specific steps required will vary according to the
approach selected. Keep the following general guidelines
in mind while flying the approach:
• The pilot will typically select the destination airport
as the last waypoint in the active flight plan or
using the Direct-to Key. Doing so ensures that
the desired waypoint will automatically appear
when choosing the ‘Select Approach?’ option from
the Procedures Page. (Otherwise, first choose the
airport, then the approach procedure.)
20
• As the aircraft progresses to each approach
waypoint, a waypoint alert message (‘NEXT DTK
# # #º’) will appear in the lower right corner of
the display (see page 15).
• When the pilot should begin a course change (via a
standard rate turn), turn advisories (‘TURN TO #
# #º’) will appear in the lower right corner of the
display (see page 15).
• For GPS-based approaches, receiver autonomous
integrity monitoring (RAIM) will monitor
satellite conditions and alert the pilot using
an ‘INTEG’ or ‘WARN’ annunciation at the
bottom left corner of the display (see page 15)
if protection limits cannot be maintained. If
this occurs, the GPS receiver should not be used
for primary navigation guidance. Revert to an
alternate navigation source, or select an alternate
destination airport.
• Within 30 nm of the destination airport, CDI
scaling will transition from 5.0 nm (enroute
mode, ‘ENR’) to 1.0 nm (terminal mode, ‘TERM’)
or when leaving the departure airport, from 1.0 to
5.0 nm. Within 2.0 nm of the final approach fix,
GPS-based approaches will see a second transition
from 1.0 to 0.3 nm (approach mode, ‘APR’).
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
190-00140-21 Rev. F
FLYING THE MISSED APPROACH
• A ‘START PROC TRN’ prompt will appear in the
lower right corner of the display to advise the
pilot when the aircraft is at a safe distance to
initiate a procedure turn. The procedure turn is
displayed on the Map Page, but guidance through
the turn itself is not provided.
• Alerts for proper holding pattern entry (e.g.,
‘HOLD DIRECT’) are displayed in the lower right
corner of the display. Waypoint sequencing is
automatically suspended (indicated by ‘SUSP
directly above the OBS Key) at the holding
waypoint. Press the OBS Key again to return
to automatic waypoint sequencing. For course
reversals, waypoint sequencing is suspended
for one trip around the holding pattern only
(after which it will return to automatic waypoint
sequencing).
Flying a Missed Approach:
1)
Press the OBS Key. The next waypoint in
the approach (MAHP; in this case ‘SWARM’
intersection) is automatically offered as the
destination waypoint.
2)
Follow the missed approach procedures, as
published on the approach plate, for proper
climb and heading instructions.
3)
An alert message in the lower right-hand corner
of the screen recommends entry procedures for
the holding pattern (e.g., ‘HOLD TEARDROP’).
When flying the holding pattern, a timer
appears on the Default NAV Page. The timer
automatically resets on the outbound side of
the hold when the aircraft turns abeam the
hold waypoint. The timer again resets as the
pilot turns inbound (within approximately 30°
of the inbound course). This allows use of
standard timing (typically one minute) to fly
the inbound and outbound legs of the hold.
4)
The GNC 420 provides course guidance only
on the inbound side of the holding pattern.
When leaving the holding pattern to re-fly
the approach (or another approach) press the
PROC Key to ‘Select Approach?’ or ‘Activate
Approach?’ as previously described. (Or, use the
Direct-to Key to select another destination.)
• The CDI will guide the pilot through a DME arc.
Just keep the needle centered to fly along the arc.
When using an autopilot, the course select on the
CDI (or HSI) must be periodically updated with
the desired track (DTK).
• When crossing the missed approach point, ‘SUSP’
will appear above the OBS Key, indicating that
automatic sequencing of waypoint is suspended at
the missed approach point, and a ‘from’ indication
will appear on the CDI (or HSI).
190-00140-21 Rev. F
GNC 420/420A Quick Reference
21
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© 2008 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-00140-21 Rev. F