Owner`s manual | Garmin GPS III Plus GPS Receiver User Manual

Owner’s
Manual &
Reference
GARMIN International, 1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062 USA
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park, Romsey, Hampshire SO51 9AQ UK
Tel: 44/1794.519944
Fax: 44/1794.519222
GARMIN Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/2/2642.9199
Fax: 886/2.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
© 1999-2001 GARMIN Corporation. All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may
be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without
prior written consent of GARMIN Corporation. GARMIN Corporation hereby grants permission to download a single
copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for personal use, provided that
such electronic or printed copy of this manual contains the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further
that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual is strictly prohibited.
GARMIN®, Autolocate®, TracBack®, and Phasetrac 12® are registered trademarks and MapSource™ is a trademark of
GARMIN Corporation and may not be used without the express permission of GARMIN Corporation.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice. GARMIN Corporation reserves the right to change or
improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such
changes. Visit the GARMIN web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning
the use and operation of this and other GARMIN products.
January 2001
Part # 190-00162-00 Rev. B
Printed in Taiwan.
Thank You!
INTRODUCTION
About This Manual
Thank you for choosing the GARMIN GPS III+ — an easy-to-use GPS navigator for marine, automotive
and outdoor use! The GPS III+ represents GARMIN’s continuing commitment to provide quality navigation
information in a versatile and user-friendly flexible design you’ll enjoy for years. To get the most from your
new GPS, take the time to read through the owner’s manual in order to understand the operating features of
the GPS III+. This manual is organized into three sections for your convenience:
Section One (Getting Started) introduces you to the basic features of the unit and provides a quick-start
orientation to the GPS III+.
Section Two (Simulator Tour) provides a step-by-step lesson in how your new GPS III+ would operate in
the real world by utilizing the built-in simulator mode.
Section Three (Reference) provides details about the advanced features and operations of the GPS
III+ by topic.
Before getting started with your GPS, check to see that your GARMIN GPS III+ package includes the
following items. If you are missing any parts, please contact your dealer immediately.
Standard Package:
• GPS III+ Unit with Detachable Antenna
• Wrist Strap
• GPS III+ Owner’s Manual
• Quick Reference Card
• Velcro Mount
• PC Interface Cable
i
INTRODUCTION
Cautions
I
CAUTION: The Global Positioning System (GPS) is operated by the government of the United States,
which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes which could
affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Although the GPS III+ is a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: For vehicular applications, it’s the sole responsibility of the owner/operator of the GPS III+
to secure the GPS unit so that it will not cause damage or personal injury in the event of an accident. Do
not mount the GPS III+ over airbag panels or in a place where the driver or passengers are likely to have an
impact with it in an accident or collision. The mounting hardware provided by GARMIN is not warranted
against collision damage or the consequences thereof.
WARNING: For vehicular operations, it is the sole responsibility of the operator of the vehicle to operate
his or her vehicle in a safe manner, maintain full surveillance of all driving conditions at all times, and never
become distracted by the GPS III+ to the exclusion of safe operating practices. It is unsafe to operate the GPS
III+ while you are driving. Failure by the operator of a vehicle equipped with a GPS III+ to pay full attention
to operating the vehicle and road conditions while the vehicle is in motion could result in an accident or
collision with property damage and personal injury.
ii
MAP DATA INFORMATION: One of the goals of GARMIN is to provide customers with the most
complete and accurate cartography that is available to us at a reasonable cost. We use a combination of
governmental and private data sources, which we identify as required in product literature and copyright
messages displayed to the consumer. Virtually all data sources contain inaccurate or incomplete data to some
degree. This is particularly true outside the United States, where complete and accurate digital data is either
not available or prohibitively expensive.
INTRODUCTION
FCC Compliance
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for Class B digital devices. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Furthermore, there is no guarantee that interference
will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to other equipment, which can be determined by
turning the affected equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try and correct the interference by
relocating the equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit than the affected equipment.
Consult an authorized dealer or other qualified service technician for additional help if these remedies
do not correct the problem.
Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
The GPS III+ does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized
GARMIN service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void your warranty and authority to
operate this device under Part 15 regulations.
iii
INTRODUCTION
Limited Warranty
GARMIN Corporation warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for
one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components which
fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor.
The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty does not cover failures due
to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL
OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO
USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE
EXCLUSIONS OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY
NOT APPLY TO YOU.
iv
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service department (913-397-8200) for a returned
merchandise tracking number. The unit should be securely packaged with the tracking number clearly marked
on the outside of the package, and sent freight prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service station.
A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. GARMIN
retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase
price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY
BREACH OF WARRANTY.
INTRODUCTION
Registration
Customer Service Product Registration
Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration today! Have the serial number of your
GPS III+ handy and connect to our web site (www.garmin.com). Look for the Product Registration link on
the Home page. You can also find current user's manuals, updated unit operating software, FAQs and more
on the Support page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the area provided below.
NOTE: If you have previously registered a GARMIN product purchase using a mail-in registration
card, we invite you to re-register using our on-line system. Many services provided by our new product
registration system are now being automated and re-registering your purchase ensures you the best
possible support from GARMIN.
Why should you register your GARMIN GPS unit:
• Notification of Product Updates
• Notification of New Products
• Lost or Stolen unit tracking
Serial Number
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located on the back of the unit) in case
it is lost, stolen, or needs service. Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or attach
a photocopy inside the manual.
Serial Number:
v
INTRODUCTION
Table of Contents
vi
INTRODUCTION
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
FCC Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
GETTING STARTED
Unit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Keypad Usage / Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Battery Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
What is GPS? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Main Page Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Satellite Status Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Position Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Map Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Compass Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Highway Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Marking Waypoint Positions . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Going to a Waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
SIMULATOR TOUR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
REFERENCE
Satellite Status Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Satellite Status Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Position Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Position Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Map Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Highway Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Map Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Compass Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Compass Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Highway Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Highway Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Waypoint Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
INTRODUCTION
Table of Contents
Nearest Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GOTO Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TracBack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Route Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Route Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX A: Dashboard Mounting . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX B: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX C: Wiring/Interfacing . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX D: Antenna/Remote Mounting . . . .
APPENDIX E: Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX F: Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX G: Navigation Terms . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX H: Time Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
APPENDIX I : Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
55
56
57
58
59
65
66
67
69
74
86
87
88
89
90
92
95
97
98
vii
INTRODUCTION
REFERENCE
Proximity
"How To" Waypoints
Index
This list is provided to help you quickly find some of the more important procedures you will use on your
new GPS III+.
TO DO THIS:
SEE PAGE(S):
Turn the unit on or off .............................................................. 5
Initialize the GPS receiver (first time use) ................................. 5
Adjust screen contrast or backlighting .................................... 25
Enter data and select options .................................................... 2
Learn how to operate the unit’s function keys........................... 2
Mark your present location as a waypoint.......................... 14,22
Goto a destination.............................................................. 15,55
Create and use a route ............................................................ 60
Learn about the map page ................................................. 10,33
Pan using the map arrow ................................................... 20,34
Zoom in or out on the Map page ....................................... 10,33
Reconfigure the Map Page display........................................... 36
Access the Main Menu ............................................................ 69
Change units of measure (statute, nautical, metric) ................ 78
Change the displayed time (zone)........................................... 80
Set alarms ............................................................................... 81
See current position, date and time...................................... 9,20
View a unit message................................................................ 90
viii
GETTING STARTED
Unit Features
Antenna
(detachable)
Function Keys
Power/Backlight
Key (red)
Rocker Keypad
LCD Display
To change the screen
orientation, press and
hold the PAGE key.
Battery Door
1
GETTING STARTED
Keypad Usage / Display
Pressing UP or DOWN on the ROCKER
KEYPAD changes numbers and letters.
(POWER)— Red key turns the unit on and off, and
controls three levels of screen backlighting intensity.
(PAGE)— Scrolls main pages in sequence and returns
display from a menu/options page to a main page. Press
and hold this key to change screen orientation.
(MENU)— Displays a menu of available options for
the current page. Press twice to display the Main Menu.
(GOTO)— Displays the GOTO waypoint window,
allowing you to select the destination waypoint. Press
and hold this key to activate MOB feature.
(ENTER/MARK)— Activates highlighted fields and
confirms menu options and data entry. Press and hold
this key to mark present position as a waypoint.
(QUIT)— Returns the display to a previous page or
restores a data field’s previous value.
(IN and OUT)— Allows you to zoom in/out through
24 scales on the Map Page. Also adjusts scale on the
Highway Page.
(ROCKER KEYPAD)— Controls the movement of
the cursor, is used to select options and positions, and
to enter data.
2
Cursor
Pressing LEFT or RIGHT on the ROCKER
KEYPAD moves the cursor along the line
or to the next line.
DATA ENTRY— Entering data, such as waypoint
names, typically begins and ends with the ENTER/
MARK key. Use the rocker keypad to enter the actual
data: UP/DOWN to change the highlighted character,
RIGHT to move on to the next character.
CURSOR— A solid black bar which can be moved
up, down, left, and right with the keypad to select
individual fields on the display.
FIELD— The location on a page where a group of
characters or option is entered and displayed.
HIGHLIGHT— The act of using the cursor to select a
field for the purpose of entering data.
SCROLL— The act of moving through characters or
options from a selected field.
DEFAULT— A system-selected format, built into the
operating software or the unit’s memory, that will be
followed unless the user chooses a different setting.
The GPS III+ operates on 4 AA batteries (not included), which are installed at the
base of the unit. These batteries provide up to 36 hours of continuous use (See page
87). Rechargeable NiCad or lithium batteries may also be used.
H
GETTING STARTED
Battery Installation
Polarity
Markings
NOTE: The on-screen battery level indicator is calibrated for alkaline batteries,
and will not be accurate when using NiCad or lithium batteries (see page 77).
To install the batteries:
1. Flip up the metal ring at the base of the unit, and turn the ring 90° counterclockwise.
2. Install the batteries and close the battery compartment door. When replacing the GPS
III+’s batteries, observe the polarity markings engraved in the plastic case.
3. Lock the door in the closed position by rotating the metal ring 90° clockwise.
Battery life varies due to a variety of factors, including temperature, use of
an external antenna, and backlighting. You may find that the battery life varies
in different conditions and that lithium batteries provide longer life in colder
conditions. An internal 10-year lithium battery will retain your data while you’re
changing batteries.
3
GETTING STARTED
What is GPS?
Hold the receiver at a
comfortable height with the
antenna pointing up.
When new (or if a position
cannot be determined after
10 minutes), the GPS III+
will prompt you to initialize
the receiver. The unit needs a
starting position to determine
4
which satellites are in view.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a system of 24 satellites which circle the
earth twice a day in a very precise orbit and transmit information to earth. The GPS
III+ must continuously “see” at least three of these satellites to calculate your position
and track your movement. At times, additional satellites may be needed to determine
a position. Visit the GARMIN web site for more information on GPS.
By using an almanac (a timetable of satellite numbers and their orbits) stored in
the receiver’s memory, the GPS III+ can determine the distance and position of any
GPS satellite and use this information to compute your position.
Your GPS receiver can only see satellites above the horizon, so it needs to know
what satellites to look for at any given time. To use this almanac data, your GPS needs
to either be told its general location (“initialized”) or given the opportunity to find
itself. Once you initialize the unit to a position, it will typically compute a fix within a
few minutes. We’ll show you how to initialize your new GPS III+ on page 5.
Initialization is only necessary under the following conditions:
• The first time you use your receiver (new from the factory).
• After the receiver has been moved over 500 miles (with the power off)
from the last time you used it.
• If the receiver’s memory has been cleared and all internally stored data
has been lost.
Because the GPS III+ relies on satellite signals to provide you with navigation
guidance, the receiver needs to have an unobstructed, clear view of the sky for best
performance. In a nutshell, the GPS receiver’s view of the sky will generally determine
how fast you get a position fix—or if you get a fix at all. GPS signals are relatively
weak and do not travel through rocks, buildings, people, or metal, so remember to
keep a clear view of the sky at all times for best performance.
Once the GPS III+ has calculated a position fix, you’ll usually have anywhere from
five to twelve satellites in view. The receiver will then continuously select the best
satellites in view to update your position. If some of the satellites in view get blocked
or “shaded,” the receiver can simply use an alternate satellite to maintain the position
fix. Although a GPS receiver needs four satellites to provide a three-dimensional
(3D) fix, it can maintain a two-dimensional (2D) fix with only three satellites. A
three-dimensional fix means the unit knows its latitude, longitude, and altitude, while
a two-dimensional fix means the unit knows only its latitude and longitude.
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
Initializing Your GPS III+
To initialize the GPS III+, take the receiver outside and find an open area where the
antenna has a clear view of the sky. You may either hold the receiver at a comfortable
height with the antenna pointing up (see page 4), or mount the receiver on the dash
of a vehicle (Appendix A) or on a bike. (Likewise, when you use your GPS III+ in a
vehicle, make sure the antenna is pointing up.)
To turn the GPS III+ on, press and hold the red power key.
The Welcome Page will be displayed while the unit conducts a self test. Once
testing is complete, the Welcome Page will be replaced by a warning page, then by the
Satellite Status Page. A message will inform you to “select initialization method”. (If
the initialization prompt has not automatically appeared, press MENU and highlight
‘Initialize Position’ and press ENTER.)
To initialize your unit:
1. Press ENTER to acknowledge the message and see a list of initialization options.
2. Use the rocker keypad to highlight ‘Use Map’, and press ENTER.
3. Use the rocker keypad to point the map cursor to your approximate location (within 250
miles). You may also wish to use the IN and OUT zoom keys to make it easier to identify
your approximate position.
4. Press ENTER to select the position and begin searching for satellites.
Check the Satellite Status
Page for ‘2D Navigation’ or
‘3D Navigation’ to verify a
position fix.
To initialize the GPS III+,
designate your approximate
location directly on the map
display. Use the rocker keypad
and IN/OUT zoom keys to
position the cursor on the
5
map.
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
This usually provides a position fix in 1 minute. You’ll know you have a fix when
the unit automatically transitions from the Satellite Page to the Map Page, unless you
have manually changed pages (shown left). Your receiver is now ready to use!
To turn the unit off:
1. Press and hold the red power key for 1 second.
Troubleshooting
Once the GPS III+ has a position fix, it will automatically
transition from the Satellite
Status Page to the Map Page.
If powering the III+ with
external power, and the external power is lost, the unit will
automatically turn off after 30
seconds.
6
If you have trouble initializing or getting a position fix, check the following:
• Does the receiver have a clear view of the sky?
If there are large buildings or mountains, or if there is heavy tree cover, the receiver
may not be receiving enough satellite signals to calculate a fix. Also, if you’re using
the GPS III+ on a car dash, make sure the unit is placed so that it has the clearest
possible view of the sky. Your GPS will only be able to detect satellites that it can
“see” through your vehicle’s windshield. Depending on the slope of your dash or
the overall surface area of the window, it may be necessary to mount an external
antenna on your vehicle’s roof or trunk in order to give the unit a better view of the
sky. (Contact your local GARMIN dealer or GARMIN Sales and inquire about the
GA 26C low-profile remote antenna, part number 010-10052-04.)
• Have you selected the right area when initializing?
Check for the correct approximate position on the Map Page (press PAGE
until the Map Page appears; see pages 7 and 10), or reselect your approximate
location to restart the initialization.
• Have you moved more than 500 miles from the last calculated position
with the receiver off?
Reinitialize the receiver by selecting your approximate position on the map, or
select ‘AutoLocate’ from the Satellite Status Page options (see page 29).
GETTING STARTED
Main Page Sequence
Satellite Status Page
Position Page
Press the PAGE key to move
through each of the main
pages in normal fashion.
Active Route Page
Highway Page
Map Page
Compass Page
To turn the GPS III+ back on, press and hold the red power key.
The GPS III+ features six main pages which are linked together in a chain. You can
quickly scroll through the pages in either direction using the PAGE or QUIT keys. Let’s
briefly tour each of these pages in order to give you some insight into how they help
you navigate. We’ll go over all of them in more detail in the reference section.
Press the QUIT key to
sequence through the main
pages in reverse order.
7
GETTING STARTED
Satellite Status Page
The signal strength bars give
you an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver, whether or not they’re being
used to calculate a position fix,
and the signal quality.
8
If satellite reception is lost,
or an insufficient number of
satellites are available, you
will be alerted with a ‘Poor
Coverage’ receiver status and
message.
Let’s start with the Satellite Status Page, which is the page you’ll view while
your unit is getting a position fix. If you’re not already on this page, press PAGE or
QUIT until it appears. The Satellite Status Page shows you status information that
helps you understand what the receiver is doing at any given time, and it’s a page
that you’ll want to occasionally refer back to as you use your unit. It features a sky
view of available satellites, corresponding signal strength bars, the status of your
current position fix (acquiring, 2D, 3D, etc.), and your estimated position error
(EPE). You can also tell how much battery power is remaining, and you can adjust
the screen contrast/backlighting by pressing the rocker keypad.
Satellites are indicated on the sky view and the signal strength bars by their
corresponding number, from 01 through 32. The sky view shows where it is looking
in the sky for each satellite, by indicating the direction and elevation (angle above
the horizon). The signal strength bars depict the relative strength of the signal from
each satellite being received. The taller the bar, the stronger the signal.
Receiver Status
Signal Strength Bar
Battery Level
Indicator
Sky View
Satellite Status Page
The Position Page shows you where you are, what direction you’re heading, and
how fast you’re going—and it’s the page you’ll want to use when you don’t have a
destination selected.
A graphic compass display at the top of the page shows your direction of travel
(track) while you’re moving, while six user-selectable data fields below display your
current speed, average speed, trip odometer, trip timer, and sunrise/sunset times at
your current position. “User-selectable” means you can change them to display other
information. We’ll cover these fields more in the reference section.
Below the user-selectable data fields are additional data fields to display your
current position, along with current time and date. The current position readout can
be in latitude/longitude, UTM/UPS, Loran TD, MGRS, Maidenhead or one of several
regional grids. Current time and date can be in local time or UTC (Coordinated
Universal Time).
Track Compass
GETTING STARTED
Position Page
Position Page showing UTM
coordinates for use with
USGS topographic maps, etc.
Trip Odometer
Current Position
Coordinates
Current Time
and Date
Position Page
The trip odometer, trip timer
and average speed readings
can all be reset from the ‘Trip
Computer’ option on the Main
Menu. See page 74.
9
GETTING STARTED
Map Page
The Map Page shows your movement using a real-time track log (an electronic
breadcrumb trail that appears directly on the map as you’re traveling), and your
present position as a pointer icon in the center of the map. The Map Page also
shows any nearby lakes, rivers, highways and towns. Use the zoom keys (IN and
OUT) to adjust the map to the desired scale.
To change the map scale:
1. Press the IN zoom key to select a smaller scale and more detail for a smaller area.
With the map oriented to
‘track up’, the pointer always
points up and the map rotates
to your current direction of
travel (track). Note the north
indicator on the map.
2. Press the OUT zoom key to select a larger scale and display a larger area.
The map can be oriented with the top of the page always pointing north,
oriented along your desired course, or it can automatically rotate to keep your
current direction of travel (track) at the top of the screen. The default setting is
‘North Up’, which keeps the top of the page always pointing north.
Nearby waypoints are depicted on the map with any one of over 70 different
symbols, with the waypoint name shown directly above the symbol. We’ll cover
more about the GPS III+’s waypoint features and the Map Page in the reference
section of this manual.
Data Fields
You can also select a fullscreen map from the Map
Page Options. See page 37.
Present Position
Nearby Waypoint
10
Map Page
The GPS III+ features two different navigation pages: Compass and Highway. The
Compass Page is first. This page provides graphic steering guidance to a destination
waypoint, with an emphasis on the bearing to your destination and current direction
of travel. (The Highway Page places greater emphasis on the straight-line desired
course and the distance and direction you are off course.) The middle of the page
features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your course over ground (track) while
you’re moving, and a bearing pointer that indicates the direction of the destination
(bearing) relative to the course over ground. The compass ring and pointer arrow
work independently to show—at a glance—the direction of your movement and the
direction to your destination. For instance, if the arrow points up, you are going
directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up, turn toward
the arrow until it points up—then continue in that direction.
The current speed and distance to the destination waypoint are displayed at
the top of the screen. The bottom of the page displays the time to the destination
waypoint and the current time. This page provides better steering guidance than
the Highway Page when travelling at slower speeds and/or when making frequent
directional changes.
Pointer
(Bearing to
Destination)
Current Speed
and Distance to
Waypoint
Compass Ring
Time to Waypoint
and Current Time
Compass Page
GETTING STARTED
Compass Page
If the bearing pointer points
up, your are going directly
to your destination. If not,
turn toward the arrow until
it points up, then continue in
that direction.
The ‘Big Numbers’ option
(available from the Compass
Page Options) shows a much
smaller compass display and
larger data field characters.
See page 44.
11
GETTING STARTED
Highway Page
If you move off course the
highway display will move,
indicating the direction you
are off course. To stay on
course, simply move toward
the center of the highway.
12
As you approach your destination, the graphic highway
will stop at the destination
waypoint. You have arrived
when the waypoint is at the
bottom center of the display.
The GPS III+’s Highway Page also provides graphic steering guidance to a
destination waypoint. As you head toward your destination, the middle of the screen
provides visual guidance to your waypoint on a moving graphic “highway.” Your
present position is at the bottom center of the highway display. The line down the
middle of the highway represents your desired course. As you navigate toward a
waypoint, the highway will actually move—indicating the direction you’re off course.
To stay on course, simply move toward the center of the highway.
The top of the page indicates speed and distance to your destination (or the
next waypoint in a route), along with a track compass showing current direction of
travel. Directly below the distance reading is the time required to reach your
destination (or the next waypoint in a route), in hours/minutes or minutes/seconds.
The pointer at the bottom of the page also shows the bearing to your destination,
relative to your current track. If the pointer points straight ahead, you’re heading
directly to your destination!
Use the Highway Page as your primary navigation page (in lieu of the Compass
Page) when your main concern is following a defined course.
Distance to
Destination (or Next
Route Waypoint)
Track Compass
Highway Display
Highway Page
Pointer
(Bearing to
Destination)
The GPS III+’s Main Menu provides access to additional pages (submenus) that
are used to create or edit waypoints, create routes, list nearby waypoints, review
trip information and timers or make changes to system settings. These six pages are
divided into categories by function. The waypoint and route management features of
the Main Menu are described in more detail in the Reference section of this manual.
Let’s take a quick look at the Main Menu and one of its submenu items.
To view the Main Menu:
1. Press the MENU key twice.
To select a submenu item from the Main Menu:
1. Highlight the desired item using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
GETTING STARTED
Main Menu
The Main Menu provides
access to seven additional
(submenu) pages.
2. To return to the Main Menu, press QUIT.
The ‘Setup’ option provides a list of choices (presented as a series of ‘file tabs’) to
perform various configuration settings including system settings, selection of position
format and units of measure, time display, setting various alarms, enabling the built-in
simulator feature and interface options with other equipment:
To change units of measure for distance and speed:
1. Select the ‘Setup’ option from the Main Menu (as described above), and press ENTER.
2. Highlight the ‘Units’ tab with the rocker keypad. The units settings are automatically
displayed.
3. Highlight the ‘Distance & Speed’ field using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
A pop-up menu appears showing the available options.
4. Select the desired option using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
The ‘Setup’ option provides
a list of menu choices to
perform various configuration
settings, such as changing
units of measure for distance
and speed.
13
GETTING STARTED
Marking Waypoint Positions
GPS is really about marking and going to places called ‘waypoints’. Before we
can use the GPS III+ to guide us somewhere, we have to mark a position as a
waypoint. Your GPS III+ can hold up to 500 waypoints.
To mark your present position:
1. Press and hold the ENTER/MARK key. The Mark Waypoint Page will appear, with a
default three-digit name for the new waypoint in the upper-left portion of the page.
To rename the waypoint:
Each waypoint stored in
memory is identified by a
unique name, up to six characters long (letters and/or
numbers).
1. Use the keypad to highlight the name field, and press ENTER.
2. Enter the new waypoint name using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
Each waypoint may also be assigned a custom waypoint symbol for easy
waypoint recognition on the Map Page.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field (immediately to the left of the waypoint name
field) and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired symbol, and press ENTER.
3. Move the cursor to the ‘DONE?’ prompt, and press ENTER.
Each waypoint may also be
assigned a custom waypoint
symbol, making it easy to
identify the waypoint on the
Map Page.
14
The Mark Position Page will be replaced with the page displayed before you
pressed ENTER/MARK to mark your position. The new waypoint is now stored
in the GPS III+’s memory.
Once you’ve stored a waypoint in memory, you can use the GPS III+ to guide you
to it by using the GOTO feature. A GOTO is really nothing more than a straight-line
course from your present position to the destination you’ve selected. A GOTO can
be performed several ways: by specifying the destination from the GOTO Page,
graphically from the map display or by highlighting the waypoint name on any page
(such as from one the 'Nearest' lists).
To select a GOTO destination from the GOTO Page:
GETTING STARTED
Going to a Waypoint
1. Press GOTO. This captures your current position as the starting point for your trip.
2. Highlight the ‘All’ tab, using the rocker keypad, to list all waypoints currently stored
in memory.
3. Highlight the desired waypoint, using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
To select a GOTO destination from the Map Page:
To select a destination from
all waypoints stored in memory, highlight the ‘All’ tab, then
select the desired waypoint and
press ENTER.
1. With the Map Page displayed, use the rocker keypad to place the cursor over the
desired destination waypoint. (If no waypoint exists at the destination location, the GPS
III+ will automatically create one, named ‘MAP’ in the step below.)
2. Press GOTO, and then ENTER to navigate to the selected location.
To GOTO a listed point on the Nearest Waypoints, Nearest Cities, Nearest
Exits, or Nearest Geo Points Lists:
1. With the Nearest Waypoints, Cities, Exits, or Geo Points tab highlighted (see pages 53
and 55), use the rocker keypad to highlight the desired point.
2. Press GOTO, and then ENTER to navigate to the selected location.
Once the GOTO destination is selected, use the Map Page, Compass Page and/or
Highway Page to keep track of your progress as you head toward your destination.
To GOTO one of the listed
‘Nearest’ cities, highlight the
desired city, press GOTO and
then ENTER. A new waypoint
will be created using the city
name. Cities with names longer than six characters will
15
be abbreviated.
GETTING STARTED
Cancel GOTO/Active Route
To cancel the current GOTO destination, simply select another destination. If
no destination is currently desired, or you want to resume a previously selected
route, the GOTO operation may be cancelled from the GOTO Options Page.
To cancel the current GOTO destination:
1. Press GOTO.
2. Press MENU.
3. Highlight ‘Cancel GOTO’ and press ENTER.
To cancel the current GOTO
destination, select ‘Cancel
GOTO’ from the GOTO
Options Page.
Active Route Page
The last of the six main pages is the Active Route Page. This page shows the
GOTO waypoint or each waypoint of a route, with waypoint name and the course
along each leg (segment) of the route. When using a route, the current destination is
marked with an arrow on the left-hand side of the screen. If no destination has been
specified using the GOTO key or a route, no waypoints will be listed on the page.
(For more information on using routes, see page 60 in the Reference section.)
Selectable Field,
showing Course to
this Waypoint from
Previous Waypoint
(or start of GOTO)
Route Name
Field
Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on
the rocker keypad to select the
desired data item. Available
items include course, distance,
fuel, and sunrise/sunset times.
16
Waypoint Name
Active Route Page
The GPS III+ is a powerful navigation system providing detailed mapping information in a convenient, compact package. This simulator tour is designed to show you the
basic features of your new GPS III+ during a simulated trip. The simulator tour assumes
that the receiver has been properly initialized as outlined in the Getting Started section
of this manual, and that you have not changed any of the factory default settings. If you
have changed any settings (position formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions
and pictures in the tour may not match your configuration.
Once you’re familiar with the primary functions of the GPS III+, you’ll be ready
to use your new receiver on a real trip to a destination of your choice. The Reference
section of this manual may be consulted for any additional questions you may have,
or to learn about the more advanced features of the GPS III+. For now, let’s get
started on the Simulator Tour!
If the GPS III+ is currently off, we’ll need to start by turning it on.
To turn the GPS III+ on, press and hold the red power key.
The Welcome Page will be displayed while the unit conducts a self test. Once
testing is complete, the Welcome Page is replaced by a warning page, then by the
Satellite Status Page. Since we’ll be using the simulator mode, we don’t need to wait
for the receiver to acquire satellites.
I
WARNING: Keep in mind that the GPS III+ does not track satellites in simulator
mode and should never be used for actual navigation. The GPS III+ cannot be turned
on in simulator mode. If you forget to change back to normal operation before
shutting the receiver off, it will automatically return to normal mode the next time
you use the receiver.
SIMULATOR TOUR
Selecting Simulator Mode
The Welcome Page is displayed
when the GPS III+ is first turned
on. After a brief self-test, it is
replaced by a warning page for
about 10 seconds. To acknowledge this page, press ENTER.
The Satellite Status Page
appears next. For simulator
mode operations, there’s no
need to wait for the GPS III+
to acquire satellites.
17
SIMULATOR TOUR
Selecting Simulator Mode
To select the simulator mode:
1. Press MENU to list the options for the Satellite Status Page.
2. Highlight ‘Start Simulator’ with the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
3. Press ENTER again to acknowledge the simulator warning message.
Let’s look at the sequence of pages again. The PAGE and QUIT keys are used
to find your way around on the GPS III+.
To cycle through the main pages:
Select ‘Start Simulator’ from
the Satellite Status Page
Options to enable the built-in
simulator.
18
The simulator imitates satellite reception and shows that
information on the Satellite
Status Page. Remember, in
this mode the GPS III+ is not
actually tracking satellites.
1. Press PAGE to move through each of the main pages in normal fashion.
2. Press QUIT to sequence through the main pages in reverse order.
In normal mode operation, the GPS III+ would automatically sequence from
Satellite Status Page to Map Page once enough satellites were received to determine
your position. At that point the receiver is ready to use for navigation. Since
we’re in simulator we won’t see that automatic sequence of steps, but as you cycle
through the main pages, notice that the simulator imitates satellite reception and
shows that information on the Satellite Status Page.
The Position Page will show the last known position as a starting location. If
you’ve already initialized the receiver, as outlined in the Getting Started section,
the starting location should be very close to your current position! We’ll use this
starting location from which to begin our simulated trip. Let’s move on to the
Map Page to see where we are, create a destination and explore the navigation
features of the GPS III+.
To select the Map Page, press PAGE repeatedly until it appears.
The GPS III+’s Map Page combines digital charting with a number of user-selectable
features. Before we select our destination and begin navigating toward it, let’s take a
look at some of those features.
SIMULATOR TOUR
Using the Map Page
Nearby Waypoints
Background Roads
and Railways
Present Position
The map display shows your present position using a pointer icon in the center
of the screen. The Map Page also shows any nearby lakes, rivers, highways and towns.
Use the zoom keys (IN and OUT) to adjust the map to the desired scale. The current
scale is indicated in the lower-left corner.
To change the map scale:
In the ‘Track Up’ orientation,
the map is automatically
rotated to keep your current
direction of travel at the top
of the screen. Note the north
indicator in upper-left corner.
1. Press the IN zoom key to select a smaller scale and display a smaller geographic area.
2. Press the OUT zoom key to select a larger scale and display a larger geographic area.
The map can be oriented with the top of the page always pointing north (‘North
Up’), oriented along your desired course (‘Course Up’), or it can automatically rotate to
keep your current direction of travel at the top of the screen (‘Track Up’).
Nearby waypoints are depicted on the map with any one of over 70 different
symbols, with the waypoint name displayed directly above the symbol. Let’s create
a waypoint directly on the map display to see how that process works, then we’ll
navigate to this new waypoint.
Use the IN/OUT zoom keys
to change the map scale. The
current scale appears in the
lower-left corner of the map
display.
19
SIMULATOR TOUR
Creating a Waypoint
Use the rocker keypad to pan
to other areas on the map
display. When panning an
on-screen arrow appears for
reference, along with a data
field above the map.
Select a five mile scale by pressing zoom IN or OUT repeatedly.
Working from the Map Page is a simple process that centers around the use
of a reference “arrow”. Controlled by the rocker keypad, the reference arrow is
an important tool allowing you to pan to other areas on the map display, create
waypoints, view waypoint information and create routes. To get a feel for using the
Map Page and the arrow, try the following exercise:
1. Using the rocker keypad to move the arrow, try following a highway (or other feature) near your position. Simply press and hold one side of the rocker keypad to
move more quickly. Notice how a data field appears above the map, showing the
bearing and distance from present position to the cursor, along with the latitude/
longitude of the arrow’s position.
2. Using the rocker keypad, move the arrow in any direction until you find a nearby city
or town. Once you find a nearby city or town, place the pointer on it to highlight the
location. Now, press ENTER to create a waypoint at the arrow location and display
the New Map Waypoint Page.
Waypoint
Symbol Field
Waypoint
Name Field
Waypoint Position
Place the panning arrow over
an on-screen item to display a
descriptive name.
20
3. If the name of the city or town is longer than six characters, the GPS III+ will
abbreviate the name when it creates the waypoint. (If you select an open location
on the map, where no city, town or other feature is located, a three-digit number is
pre-assigned to the new waypoint created at the panning arrow location. To change
the name, highlight the waypoint name field, press ENTER and use the rocker keypad
to enter a new name – UP/DOWN to change the first character, RIGHT to move to the
next character, and repeat. Once the new name is spelled out, press ENTER.)
4. A city symbol is assigned to the new waypoint, but let’s use a special symbol to identify
it. Highlight the waypoint symbol field, using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER. Use
UP/DOWN on the rocker keypad to select the ‘Information’ icon (‘?’) and press ENTER.
SIMULATOR TOUR
Going to the Waypoint
5. To save the new waypoint, highlight ‘Done’ with the rocker keypad and press ENTER.
Now that we’ve created our new waypoint (also see pg. 47), let’s see how the GPS
III+ is used to navigate to it. The reference arrow can also be used to GOTO any point
on the map—even without a waypoint already at that location—by simply pressing
GOTO. (We won’t try that here. A waypoint named ‘MAP’ is automatically created,
so all the previous steps for creating and naming a waypoint wouldn’t be needed. You
might want to experiment with this procedure at the end of the Simulator Tour.) For
the Simulator Tour, we’ll stick with the waypoint we just created.
To select the GOTO destination:
You can select a special
symbol to identify the
waypoint on the Map Page.
1. Press GOTO.
2. If the ‘All’ file tab is not selected, use the rocker keypad to highlight this tab. (‘All’ will
display a list of all waypoints currently stored in memory.)
3. Highlight the new waypoint you just created using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
Notice that a course line appears on the map display showing the way to our
destination. Imagine you’re about to depart. Maybe you’re heading out from the marina
or you’re about to venture into the wilderness. What if you want to return to your
present position when you’re done for the day? You have two options available:
• You can mark your present position now and save it as a waypoint, or
• You can use the TracBack feature at the end of the day to retrace your
steps – following the same path you travelled, but in reverse.
For now, we’ll mark our present position and save it as a waypoint. (You might
want to experiment with the TracBack feature later. It’s described on page 58.)
To select a GOTO destination,
press GOTO and highlight the
desired waypoint on the list.
(You may also need to select
the ‘All’ file tab on the GOTO
Page, to see all waypoints
21
currently in memory.)
SIMULATOR TOUR
Marking Present Position
To mark your present position:
1. Press and hold the ENTER/MARK key. The Mark Waypoint Page will appear, with a
default three-digit name for the new waypoint in the upper-left portion of the page.
Let’s call our present position ‘HOME’. (If you were at home when you
initialized your GPS III+, you might want to keep this waypoint in memory for
future use!)
To rename the waypoint and change its symbol:
To mark your present position
and save it as a waypoint,
press and hold ENTER. A
three-digit name is automatically assigned to the waypoint.
1. Use the keypad to highlight the name field, and press ENTER.
2. Enter the new waypoint name (‘HOME’) using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
(Remember to use UP/DOWN to change the character and RIGHT to move to the
next character field.)
3. Highlight the waypoint symbol field and press ENTER.
4. Select the ‘Residence’ symbol, and press ENTER.
5. Move the cursor to the ‘DONE?’ prompt, and press ENTER.
From the Compass Page you
can increase/decrease the
simulated speed using the
UP/DOWN keys on the
rocker keypad.
22
Now we have two waypoints in memory and on the map: the city location we
saved earlier and ‘HOME’. It’s about time we get started, so let’s plug a speed into
this simulator to animate the displays!
To enter a simulated speed and animate the displays:
1. Press PAGE repeatedly until the Compass Page appears.
2. Enter a simulated speed of ‘10’ (mph or knots) using the rocker keypad. (Press UP
on the rocker keypad once to select ‘10’. The speed readout is on the upper right
corner of the Compass Page.)
3. Press PAGE (or QUIT) repeatedly to return to the Map Page.
Notice the information on the map display is slowly moving? That’s how it would
look in actual use as well. The background map information and nearby waypoints will
move across the screen, while your current position remains fixed in the center.
The other primary navigation screens are the Compass and Highway pages, with
the Compass Page appearing first in the sequence of main pages.
To view the Compass Page, press PAGE.
Bearing
Pointer
Compass
Ring
User-selectable
data fields
The GPS III+’s Compass Page provides graphic steering guidance to a destination
waypoint. The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your
course over ground (track) while you’re moving, and a bearing pointer that indicates the
direction of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over ground. The compass
ring and pointer arrow work independently to show—at a glance—the direction of
your movement and the direction to your destination. If the arrow points up, you are
going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up, turn
toward the arrow until it points up—then continue in that direction. The distance to
the next waypoint, time to the next waypoint and current speed are displayed to the
right of the graphic compass display. To see how all this works on our simulated trip,
let’s head off course and watch the displays change.
To move off course / on course in simulator mode, use the LEFT/RIGHT
keys on the rocker keypad.
SIMULATOR TOUR
Compass Page
The background map moves
while keeping your current
position at the center of the
map display.
The Compass Page will also
guide you to your destination.
The rotating ‘compass ring’
shows the direction of travel
(track) and the arrow points
to your destination (bearing).
23
SIMULATOR TOUR
Highway Page
Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on
the rocker keypad to move off
course / on course. To return
to your course, steer toward
the highway centerline.
When you reach your destination, the highway will end
at the waypoint marker. Also
note the ‘distance to next’
waypoint readout. If you pass
the waypoint the pointer will
swing around, pointing down.
24
To view the Highway Page, press PAGE.
The Highway Page provides a graphic highway display that shows your
movement relative to the desired course. The line down the middle of the highway
represents your desired course. As you navigate toward your destination, the
highway will actually move, indicating the direction you’re off course. To stay
on course, simply steer toward the center of the highway. As you approach the
waypoint, the highway will end at the final destination. When the waypoint marker
is at the bottom center of the highway display, you’ve arrived at your destination.
A track compass also shows your current track directly above the highway display,
making it easy to see at a glance which way you’re headed.
The pointer arrow at the bottom of the page indicates the direction to the
destination waypoint (bearing) relative to the direction you are moving (track). If
the pointer points straight ahead, you’re heading directly to the waypoint. If not,
turn in the direction of the pointer and the pointer will swing around, pointing
straight ahead as you begin moving toward the destination waypoint. Try moving
on course/ off course again using the rocker keypad and watch as the highway
display and bearing pointer change.
That’s it! You’ve covered the basics and you’re ready to venture off on your
own. Operating the GPS III+ is just as simple as you’ve seen here in the Simulator
Tour, but in real applications you won’t need to change speed and track with the
rocker keypad. That’s all done automatically utilizing information from the GPS
satellites as you move about.
Before ending the tour, try a few experiments of your own, such as going
back to the ‘HOME’ waypoint, retracing your steps utilizing the TracBack feature,
or creating a few more waypoints. Use the Reference section of this manual for
more ideas.
The GPS III+’s Satellite Status Page provides a visual reference of various receiver
functions, including current satellite coverage, receiver operating mode, battery level
and position accuracy. As the receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar
will appear for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite number (01-32)
underneath each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars— the receiver has found the satellite(s) and is
collecting data.
• Solid signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and
the satellite(s) is ready for use.
Each satellite has a 30-second data transmission that must be collected (hollow
bar status) before that satellite may be used for navigation (solid bar status). Once a
fix has been calculated, the GPS III+ will then update your position, track, and speed
by selecting and using the best satellites in view. You can also access the GPS III+’s
backlight and contrast feature from this page.
To adjust the screen contrast and/or backlighting:
REFERENCE
Satellite Status Page
The Satellite Status Page
shows where the satellites are
and how strong the signal
is from each one. A solid signal bar means the satellite is
ready to use.
1. Press LEFT or RIGHT on the rocker keypad to adjust the level of contrast, and press
ENTER to save the new contrast setting.
2. Press UP or DOWN on the rocker keypad to adjust the level of backlighting, and press
ENTER to save the new backlight setting.
Sky View and Signal Strength Bars
The sky view and signal strength bars give you an indication of what satellites are
visible to the receiver, whether or not they are being used to calculate a position fix,
and the signal quality. The satellite sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position
of each available satellite relative to the unit’s last known position. The outer circle
represents the horizon (north up); the inner circle 45º above the horizon; and the
center point directly overhead.
Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on
the rocker keypad to adjust
the screen contrast and the
UP/DOWN keys to adjust the
backlighting. Press ENTER to
save the settings.
25
REFERENCE
Satellite Status Page
‘2D Navigation’ means the
GPS III+ has determined a
horizontal position (latitude/
longitude), but is unable to
determine altitude. Additional
satellites may be needed.
26
‘3D Navigation’ means the
GPS III+ has determined
a horizontal and vertical
position (latitude, longitude
and altitude). The receiver is
ready for navigation.
You can use the sky view to help determine if any satellites are being blocked,
and whether you have a current position fix (indicated by a ‘2D Navigation’ or ‘3D
Navigation’ in the status field). You can also set the sky view to a ‘Track Up’ configuration,
causing the top of the sky view to align along your current track heading.
When the receiver is looking for a particular satellite, the corresponding signal
strength bar will be blank and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted. Once
the receiver has found the satellite, a hollow signal strength bar will appear, indicating
that the satellite has been found and the receiver is collecting data from it. The satellite
number in the sky view will appear highlighted. As soon as the GPS III+ has collected
the necessary data to calculate a fix, the status field will indicate a 2D or 3D status. (For
‘2D’, you may need to enter your altitude. See page 29.)
Receiver Status
Receiver status is indicated at the top left of the page. The status will be shown
as one of the following conditions:
Searching— the GPS III+ is looking for any available satellites in view.
AutoLocate— the GPS III+ is initializing and collecting new almanac data. This
process can take up to 5 minutes, depending on the satellites currently in view.
Acquiring— the receiver is collecting data from available satellites, but has not
collected enough data to calculate a position fix.
2D Navigation— at least three satellites with good geometry have been locked onto
and a 2-dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D
Diff’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode.
3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good geometry have been locked onto,
and your position is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D
Diff’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode.
Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver isn’t tracking enough satellites for a 2D or
3D fix due to bad satellite geometry.
Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to incorrect initialization
or abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset, and
reinitialize the receiver if necessary.
Simulating Nav— the receiver is in simulator mode.
REFERENCE
Satellite Status Page
‘Need to Select Initialization’ Prompt
If no satellites are received for several minutes (or an insufficient number of
satellites are received to determine a position fix) a message will appear, prompting
you to initialize the receiver (see page 5). This allows you to specify a starting
location from which to search for satellites, or to enable the AutoLocate feature, and
is useful if you have traveled over 500 miles with the receiver off. (This message will
automatically appear when you first use your GPS III+. The prompt may also appear
during normal use if the antenna is shaded or the unit is used indoors.)
‘Poor GPS Coverage’ means
the receiver isn’t tracking
enough satellites for a position
fix. Check for obstructions,
such as trees, buildings, etc.
Battery Level Indicator
The Satellite Status Page also features a battery level indicator, located to the left of
the sky view, which displays the strength of the unit’s batteries. The battery indicator
will not appear if the receiver is operating on external power.
H
NOTE: The battery level indicator is calibrated for alkaline batteries. NiCad and
lithium batteries will display the battery level differently due to voltage differences. To
display battery level accurately select the appropriate type, as described on page 77.
The GPS III+ features an internal 10-year lithium battery that will maintain the unit’s
memory when the receiver is not running off batteries or external power.
This message appears if a
position fix cannot be determined after several minutes.
After acknowledging the
message, select ‘Use Map’
or ‘AutoLocate’ from the
options list.
27
REFERENCE
Satellite Status Page
The Satellite Status Page
Options allow you to enable
the built-in simulator, change
the sky view orientation or
initialize the receiver.
EPE and DOP
The Satellite Status Page also indicates the accuracy of the position fix, using
Estimated Position Error (EPE) and Dilution of Precision (DOP) figures. DOP
measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where they
are relative to each other) on a scale from one to ten. The lowest numbers are the best
accuracy and the highest numbers are the worst. EPE uses DOP and other factors to
calculate a horizontal position error, in feet or meters.
Satellite Status Page Options
Many features of the GPS III+ are menu driven. Each of the main pages has
an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your
preferences and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Satellite Status Page Options, press MENU (with the
Satellite Status Page displayed).
The following Satellite Status Page options are available:
Start Simulator— allows you to activate the GPS III+’s built-in simulator mode. If
‘Start Simulator’ is selected, ‘Stop Simulator’ will appear as an option instead.
To activate (deactivate) simulator mode:
1. Highlight ‘Start Simulator’ (or ‘Stop Simulator’) and press ENTER.
‘AutoLocate’ forces the receiver to search for all satellites
(twelve at a time) until
enough satellites are found to
determine a position.
28
2. Highlight ‘Yes’ and press ENTER.
Track Up— changes the sky view display from ‘North Up’ orientation to align
to current direction of travel (track). If ‘Track Up’ is selected, ‘North Up’ will
appear as an option instead.
To change the sky view orientation:
1. Highlight ‘Track Up’ (or ‘North Up’) and press ENTER.
REFERENCE
AutoLocate— forces the GPS III+ to search for any available satellite(s) to
determine its position. This option is useful if you’ve relocated a long distance Satellite Status Page Options
(>500 miles) from the last location the GPS III+ was used.
To select AutoLocate, highlight ‘AutoLocate’ and press ENTER.
Initialize Position— allows you to designate your approximate position in order
to speed up satellite acquisition. This option may be used in lieu of ‘AutoLocate’,
above.
To initialize your starting position:
1. Highlight ‘Initialize Position’ and press ENTER.
2. Designate your approximate position on the map using the rocker keypad and press
ENTER. (You may wish to use the IN/OUT zoom keys to adjust the level of detail
displayed, as you determine your approximate position.)
Set 2D Altitude— allows you to designate your approximate altitude, when the
GPS III+ is acquiring satellites or navigating in 2D mode. By default, 2D navigation will attempt to use the last known altitude. If the altitude shown is off by
several hundred feet (or more), manually entering your approximate altitude will
enable the receiver to more accurately determine a position fix.
To enter an altitude:
1. Highlight ‘Set 2D Altitude’ and press ENTER.
2. Enter your approximate altitude using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
‘Initialize Position’ is used to
designate your approximate
position directly on the map
display. The receiver uses
this information to determine
which satellites should be in
view.
With 2D coverage, you will
need to enter your approximate altitude. Without an
approximate altitude, your
position error can be substantial.
29
REFERENCE
Contrast and Backlighting
When screen backlighting is
on, a bulb icon will appear
in the lower-left corner of the
Satellite Status Page.
Contrast and Backlighting
On page 25, we introduced display contrast and backlighting adjustments
accessible from the Satellite Status Page. Display settings can also be adjusted from any
page, by pressing the red power key. When backlighting is on, a bulb icon will appear
on the Satellite Status Page, to the bottom left of the sky view. To adjust the duration
of the screen backlighting, refer to the operation setup section (see pg. 77).
To adjust the screen contrast and/or backlighting from any page:
1. Press the red power key momentarily. A window will appear showing the current
contrast and backlighting settings.
2. Press LEFT or RIGHT on the rocker keypad to adjust the level of contrast, and press
ENTER to save the new contrast setting.
3. Press UP or DOWN on the rocker keypad to adjust the level of backlighting, and press
ENTER to save the new backlight setting.
Position Page
The Position Page shows you
where you are, what direction
you’re heading and how fast
you’re going.
30
The second page in the GPS III+’s main page sequence is the Position Page.
This page shows you where you are, what direction you’re heading, and how fast
you’re going, and it’s most useful when you are traveling without an active destination
waypoint. The graphic heading display at the top of the page indicates the direction
you’re heading, or track, only while you’re moving.
Directly below this display are the speed, average speed, trip timer, trip odometer
and sunrise/sunset fields (default). The sunrise/sunset times indicated are for your
present position. These times, and the current time display in the lower-right corner,
can be displayed in local or UTC (universal) time. The lower left-hand corner of the
page shows your current latitude and longitude in degrees and minutes (default). The
GPS III+ uses this basic information to mark exact positions as waypoints, which
help guide you from one place to another. Average speed, sunrise and sunset times (at
your present position) also appear on the Position Page (as default selections). Units of
measure and the position readout are selectable from the Main Menu, as outlined on page
74-75. ‘Trip Computer’ functions—such as average speed, max speed, trip odometer and
trip timer—can each be reset from the Main Menu, as described on page 74.
Many features of the GPS III+ are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an
options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences
and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Position Page Options, press MENU (with the Position Page
displayed).
The following options are available:
Average Position— allows you to average position samples over time and save the
averaged result as a waypoint. Averaging reduces the effects of selective availability on position error and results in a more accurate position reading.
To average position samples and save the result as a waypoint:
REFERENCE
Position Page Options
The Position Page Options
allow you to average position
samples and save the result as
a waypoint, change data fields
or restore factory defaults.
1. Highlight ‘Average Position’ and press ENTER. The Average Position Page will appear.
Observe the ‘Estimated Accuracy’ and ‘Measurement Count’ fields.
2. When the ‘Estimated Accuracy’ and/or ‘Measurement Count’ figures reach the desired
value(s), highlight ‘Save’ and press ENTER. (To cancel the averaging function, highlight
‘Discard’ and press ENTER.)
3. The New Waypoint Page appears with a three-digit number assigned as a name
for the new waypoint. To save the waypoint with this name, highlight ‘Done’ and
press ENTER. Or,
4. To change the waypoint name, highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER.
Use the rocker keypad to enter a new name for this waypoint and press ENTER when
finished. Highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER to save the waypoint.
When averaging positions to
create a waypoint, observe
the ‘Estimated Accuracy’ and
‘Measurement Count’ figures.
When they reach the desired
value(s), highlight ‘Save’ and
31
press ENTER.
REFERENCE
Position Page Options
Change Fields— allows you to choose the data displayed on the six user-selectable data fields. Available data types are: Altitude, Average (Avg) Speed, Battery
(Bat) Timer, Max Speed, Odometer, Speed, Sunrise (at present position), Sunset
(at present position), Track, Trip Odometer, Trip Timer, User Timer and Voltage.
See page 95 for descriptions of navigation terms.
To change a data field:
1. Highlight ‘Change Fields’ and press ENTER.
‘Change Fields’ allows you to
custom tailor the information
that appears on the Position
Page. Select the desired data
type from the list.
‘Restore Defaults’ will override any data field changes
you’ve made to the Position
Page, reverting back to the
factory default settings.
32
2. Highlight the data field you wish to change (using the rocker keypad) and press ENTER.
3. Select the type of data you want to appear on this field and press ENTER.
Restore Defaults— resets all data fields to the factory default settings.
To restore the factory default settings, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and
press ENTER.
The GPS III+ features a powerful real-time moving map that can do much more
than just plot your course and route. The Map Page also displays background detail,
including geographic names, lakes, rivers, coastlines and highways. An on-screen
cursor lets you pan ahead to nearby waypoints, determine the distance and bearing
to any map position, mark new waypoints while you navigate or retrieve exit
information. The GPS III+ also features dedicated zoom keys for instant zooming (see
pg. 2). The map portion of the page displays your present position as a pointer
icon, with your track and/or route displayed as small points on the screen (an
electronic bread crumb trail, if you will). Nearby waypoints are represented with
names and symbols. You may select which features are shown via the Map Page
Options (see pg. 36).
The data window beside (or above when display is vertical) the map displays the
time and distance to next waypoint, plus your current speed (all defaults). A bearing
pointer lets you know if you’re heading toward your destination. (If the pointer points
straight ahead, you’re heading directly to it.) Each data field may be configured to
display any one of twenty-four data options.
REFERENCE
Map Page
The Map Page displays a digital map, including lakes, rivers, highways, highway exits
and towns.
Zooming and Panning
There are three main functions you can perform from the Map Page: zooming,
panning, and pointing. The map has 24 map scales (from 120 feet to 500 miles, or 30
meters to 800 km) which are selected by pressing the IN and OUT zoom keys. The
current map scale is indicated in the bottom left corner of the map display.
To change the map scale:
Zoom IN to see more detail
for a smaller area. Zoom
OUT to see a larger area.
1. Press zoom IN to see a smaller area with more detail.
2. Press zoom OUT to see a larger area with less detail.
33
REFERENCE
Map Page
Another function on the Map Page is the pan function, which allows you to move
the map with the keypad in order to view areas beyond the current map.
To activate the pan function:
1. Use the rocker keypad to move the map in any direction, including diagonally.
Use the rocker keypad to pan
away from your present position. Place the arrow on a
waypoint and press ENTER to
see more information.
As you begin to pan on the map, an arrow appears. This arrow will serve as a
target marker for the map. When the arrow is placed on an object, the name of that
object will be highlighted. (If the name wasn’t originally displayed it will appear when
the arrow is placed on the object.) This feature applies to waypoints, roads, lakes,
rivers—pretty much everything displayed except route lines and track log data.
When a waypoint name is highlighted, you can review information about the
waypoint, list waypoint options, or execute a GOTO right from the Map Page.
To select an on-screen waypoint with the panning arrow:
1. Use the rocker keypad to highlight the desired waypoint.
2. Press ENTER to review information for the selected waypoint.
3. To exit the information page, press QUIT.
To GOTO a highlighted waypoint:
34
By placing the panning arrow
over an on-screen waypoint
and pressing GOTO, you
won’t have to manually select
your destination from the
GOTO Page.
1. With the waypoint highlighted, press GOTO, followed by ENTER.
The GOTO function can be used anywhere on the map. If a waypoint or highway
exit is not highlighted, a new waypoint (called ‘MAP’) will be created at the arrow
location before the GOTO is initiated.
To cancel the pan function and re-center the map on your position:
1. Press the QUIT key.
Highway exit information is also available when using the pan function.
Simply place the panning pointer over the exit location to retrieve additional
information—including available services—about the exit. Exit information is
generally limited to interstate highways and is categorized into two types:
Common Exits— traditional ramp, cloverleaf or intersection exits.
Special Exits— rest areas, service areas, toll booths, welcome centers and
weigh stations.
Common exits are depicted with an open square icon when services are available
and a filled-gray square icon when no services are available.
To display available services for an exit shown on the map page:
1. Use the rocker keypad to place the panning arrow on the desired exit. A window will
appear showing the exit number, along with icons depicting the available services.
REFERENCE
Map Page: Exits
For a selected highway exit,
the Exit Info Page displays the
number of available services
and icons depicting the type of
available services.
2. Press ENTER to display the Exit Info Page for the selected exit. The Exit Info Page
shows the number of available services, and the bearing and distance to the exit
location.
3. Highlight the “View” button at the bottom of the page and press ENTER to display
the Services Near Exit List. The Services Near Exit List shows a service icon and the
name for each available service.
4. Highlight the desired service and press ENTER to display an Exit Service Detail
Page. This page provides a checklist of available services—such as fuels, parking,
convenience stores, etc.
5. Press QUIT, as often as needed, to back out of each exit services page. If you
continue to press QUIT, you will return to the Map Page.
The Exit Services Detail Page
provides a checklist of available services. Start from the
Services Near Exit List and
select the desired service to
display this page.
35
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
A full-screen map, without the
data fields, is available by
selecting the ‘Data Fields Off’
option.
Many GPS III+ features are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options
menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences
and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Map Page Options, press MENU (with the Map Page
displayed).
The following options are available:
Data Fields On/Off— allows you to toggle between a full-screen map display or the
default map display with data window. If the data fields are off, ‘Data Fields On’
will appear as an option instead and vice-versa.
To turn the data fields off (or on), highlight ‘Data Fields Off’ (or ‘Data
Fields On’) and press ENTER.
Change Fields— allows you to choose the data displayed on four user-selectable
data fields. There are twenty-four available data types, including Average (AVG)
Speed, Bearing, Distance, ETA to Destination (DEST), Speed, Time to Destination
(DEST), Track and a Trip Odometer. See page 95 for descriptions of navigation
terms.
To change a data field:
1. Highlight ‘Change Fields’ and press ENTER.
36
The ‘Change Fields’ option
allows you to select the desired
data you wish to display in
the four user-selectable fields
(along the right-hand side of
the map page).
2. Highlight the data field you wish to change and press ENTER.
3. Select the type of data you want to appear on this field and press ENTER.
MapSource Info— shows the number of maps downloaded from the optional
MapSource software package and the amount of memory used (in kilobytes).
MapSource allows you to supplement the built-in map with up to 1.44 MB of
additional detail, including residential streets and topographic information. Each
downloaded map is described by name, and may be deselected if you wish to
retain the map in memory, but not display the data on the Map Page. (When a
MapSource file is selected, the boundary for any downloaded map is shown on
the Map Page as a gray shaded outline.)
To display the MapSource Info Page:
1. Highlight ‘MapSource Info’ and press ENTER.
2. Use the rocker keypad to scroll through the list of downloaded maps.
3. To select/deselect a map, highlight the box to the immediate left of the desired map.
Press ENTER to select/deselect the map. The map is selected and will be displayed on
the Map Page when an “X” appears in the box adjacent to that map.
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
The MapSource Info page lists
any detailed maps that have
been downloaded from the
optional MapSource software
package.
4. To Enable/Disable All maps, press MENU from the MapSource Info Page, select the
desired setting, and press ENTER.
Measure Dist— allows you to measure the bearing and distance between any
two points on the map display.
To measure bearing and distance between two points:
1. Highlight ‘Measure Dist’ and press ENTER. An on-screen pointer will appear on the
map display at your present position.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point you want to measure from)
and press ENTER.
3. Move the cursor to the point you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from
the reference point will be displayed at the top of the page.
When using the ‘Measure
Dist’ option, the arrow
includes an ‘Enter Reference’
prompt and the arrow position
appears at the top of the map
display.
37
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
The 'Nearest to Pntr' option
will only be available when the
pointer is moved on the screen.
Nearest to Pntr (Pointer)— allows you to view the bearing and distance of the
nine nearest waypoints, 50 nearest cities, 50 exits on the nearest (interstate)
highway and 50 geo (geographical) points nearest to the map pointer. The
nearest locations pages are organized by a series of ‘file tabs’ (denoting categories
for Waypoints, Cities, Exits and Geo Points) and display the bearing (BRG) and
distance (DST) to each nearby location for the selected tab (category). The lists
are continuously updated as you’re moving and provide quick access to the
closest points of safety in an emergency.
To view points nearest the map pointer:
1. Use the rocker keypad to move the cursor to the desired position on the Map Page.
2. Press the MENU key, then highlight 'Nearest to Pntr' and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the appropriate tab (Waypoints, Cities, Exits or Geo Pnts) for the desired
nearest list.
4. Scroll through the list using the UP/DOWN portion of the rocker keypad.
To view additional information for a nearby item:
1. Scroll through the selected nearest list (as described above) and highlight the desired
item (Waypoint, City, Exit or Geo Pnts).
38
The exit with the arrow to the
left of the number is the next
exit ahead, given your direction
of travel. Exits which appear
above in the list are the closest
the opposite direction.
2. Press ENTER to display the info page for the selected item.
3. For waypoints, the information is displayed on the Waypoint Edit Page. You can edit the
waypoint’s location, name, symbol, etc. from this page, as outlined on pages 50-51.
4. For cities, the information includes state, country, size or reference, and position. You
can show the map area for the city, save it as a waypoint or switch between city size
and reference information as described on pages 69-70.
5. For exits, all the exit services information (described on page 35) is available. You
can show the map area for the point or save it as a waypoint.
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
6. For geo points, the information includes geographic points, rivers/lakes, park
areas and airports. If you do not have optional MapSource data loaded, only airports
will be shown. You can show the map area for the point or save it as a waypoint.
Options menus available from the Cities, Exits and Geo Pnts info pages allow
you to select special features which specifically relate to that page.
Show Map— allows you to return to the map, centered on the selected item.
While viewing the map display, you can also use the IN and OUT zoom
keys to see additional detail.
To view the map area around an item on the City, Exit, or Geo Pnts
Info Pages:
Menu options for Geo Pnts.
1. Press MENU, then select ‘Show Map’ (from the Info Page Options) and press
ENTER. Press QUIT to return to the previous screen.
Save As Waypnt— creates a waypoint at the item location and saves it in
memory. If the item name is longer than six characters, it will be abbreviated
when creating the waypoint.
To save an item as a waypoint from the City, Exit, or Geo Pnt Info
Page:
1. Press MENU, then select ‘Save As Waypnt’ and press ENTER.
2. With ‘Done’ highlighted, press ENTER to save the new waypoint.
Show Reference (For cities only)— See page 70 for details.
Items with names longer
than six characters will be
abbreviated when saved as a
waypoint or activated as an
active GOTO.
39
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
Geo Pnts setup allows you
to choose what category items
are to be displayed.
Pressing MENU from the
Services Near Exit page displays options for the Services
Near Exit List. See page 54
for details.
40
Options menus are also available for the Cities, Exits and Geo Pnts lists which
allow you to select special features which specifically relate to that page. These
options include a setup feature to exclude those item categories you don’t wish to
view and a setting to restore defaults. To view these options press MENU from the
nearest Cities, Exits or Geo Pnts lists.
Cities/Exits/Geo Pnts Setup— allows you to designate which item categories
you wish to display on the City, Exit services or Geo Pnts list pages. See page
54 for setup instructions.
Restore Defaults— resets all options to the factory default settings for the
current list only.
To restore the factory default settings, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ (from
any list option window) and press ENTER.
Map Setup— allows you to configure the map display to your preferences,
including map detail, map orientation, automatic zoom, lat/lon grid, track and route
lines, exits and waypoint names. The map setup option uses a ‘file tab’ feature, making
it easier to organize the various settings and easier for you to use. The following table
lists the file tabs and the settings available under each tab:
Map
Detail, Orientation, AutoZoom, Accuracy Circle
Source
Built-in Base Map, MapSource Files
Line
Track Log, Active Route Lines, Local Roads, Street Labels
Pnts
All Waypoints and Text, Active Route Wpts, Exits
City
Large/Medium/Small Cities and Small Towns Text
Geo
Geo Points, Rivers/Lakes, Park Areas
Topo
Major/Medium/Minor Contours, Land Cover
Other
Marine Navaids, Railroads, Metro Areas, Lat/Lon Grid
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
‘Map Setup’ allows you to
change map orientation, background map detail, text size,
etc.
NOTES: Large cities are those with approximate populations greater than 200,000. Medium cities
are those with approximate populations over 50,000 and small cities are greater than 5,000. Small
towns have approximate populations under 5,000 or an unknown population size.
The ‘Detail’ setting applies to any map feature set to “Auto”. Those features for which you have
specified a maximum scale, or turned “Off”, are unaffected by the detail setting.
To change a map setup feature:
1. Highlight ‘Map Setup’ and press ENTER.
2. To set the desired map detail, select the ‘Map’ tab (if not already selected). Scroll down
(using the rocker keypad) to highlight the ‘Detail’ field and press ENTER. Select the
desired detail level—More, Normal, Less, Least—and press ENTER.
The map settings are organized by a series of ‘file tabs’.
Use the rocker keypad to
select the desired tab, and to
select the desired setting(s).
41
REFERENCE
Map Page Options
Select the ‘North Up’ option
to keep the top of the map
display fixed on North. ‘Track
Up’ will cause the map to
rotate so the top of the map is
the direction you’re heading.
3. To change map orientation, select the ‘Map’ tab (if not already selected). Scroll
down to highlight the ‘Orientation’ field and press ENTER. Select ‘North Up’ to fix the
top of the map display to a north heading. Select ‘Track Up’ to adjust the top of the
map display to your current track heading. Select ‘Course Up’ to fix the top of the
map display to your desired course. Press ENTER to accept the selected option.
4. To enable/disable automatic zoom, select the ‘Map’ tab (if not already selected).
Scroll down to highlight the ‘Auto Zoom’ field and press ENTER. Select ‘On’ or ‘Off to
enable or disable automatic zoom. Press ENTER to accept the selected option. The
automatic zoom feature will automatically adjust the map scale from 80 miles through
each lower scale, stopping at 800 ft. as you approach your destination waypoint.
5. To enable/disable the accuracy circle, select the ‘Map’ tab (if not already selected).
Scroll down to highlight the ‘Acc. Circle’ field and press ENTER. Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ to
enable or disable the accuracy circle. Press ENTER to accept selected option. With
the accuracy circle on, a gray circle will appear around your position (at lower scale
settings) depicting the estimated accuracy of your position reading.
6. To enable/disable the built-in base map or MapSource files, select the ‘Source’ tab.
Scroll down to highlight ‘Basemap’ or ‘MapSource’ and press ENTER. Select ‘On’ or
‘Off’ to enable or disable the selected map data and press ENTER.
42
The ‘Zoom’ setting allows you
to define the maximum scale
at which the feature will
appear. Select “Auto” to control the feature using the
‘Detail’ setting.
7. For all waypoints, active route waypoints, rivers/lakes and cities: select the appropriate tab (per the chart on page 41). Scroll down to highlight the zoom field for the
desired feature and press ENTER. Select the maximum scale at which the feature
should appear on screen, or ‘Off’ to never display, and press ENTER. Highlight the
text field for the desired feature and press ENTER. Select the text size for the desired
feature, or ‘None’ to disable text, and press ENTER.
8. For track log data, active route lines, local roads, street labels, highway exits, lat/lon
grid, metro areas, and railroad lines: select the appropriate tab (per the chart on page
41). Scroll down to highlight the zoom field for the desired feature and press ENTER.
Select the maximum scale at which the feature should appear on screen, or select
‘Off’ to never display the feature. Press ENTER to accept the settings.
Whenever a destination waypoint(s) has been selected, the GPS III+’s Compass
Page will guide you to your destination with digital readouts and a graphic compass
display, which includes a bearing pointer. Use this page (instead of the Highway
Page) when travelling at slower speeds, when making frequent directional changes,
or where straight line navigation is not possible due to obstructions or terrain.
The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your course
over ground (track) while you’re moving. (Your present course over ground is indicated
at the top of the compass ring.) A bearing pointer, in the middle of the compass ring,
indicates the direction of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over ground.
The compass ring and pointer arrow work independently to show—at a glance—the
direction of your movement and the direction to your destination. For instance, if
the arrow points up, you are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any
direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up—then continue in
that direction.
Along the right side of the page (top, when display is vertical) are four userselectable data fields that display current speed, distance and time to next waypoint,
and current time (defaults). Each data field may be configured to display any one
of twenty-five data options.
Pointer
(Bearing to
Destination)
Current Speed
and Distance to
Waypoint
Compass Ring
Time to Waypoint
and Current Time
REFERENCE
Compass Page
The bearing pointer indicates
the direction (bearing) to your
destination. If the arrow points
any direction other than up,
turn toward the arrow until it
points up.
If you pass your destination
waypoint, the bearing pointer
will swing around 180º and
the ‘Dist to Next’ waypoint
will increase.
43
REFERENCE
Compass Page Options
‘Big Numbers’ provides a
smaller compass display, a
large bearing pointer, and two
user-selectable, large character data fields.
Many features of the GPS III+ are menu driven. Each of the main pages has
an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your
preferences and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Compass Page Options, press MENU (with the Compass
Page displayed).
The following options are available:
Big Numbers— allows you to select a different Compass Page layout, with a
smaller compass display and two user-selectable, large-character data fields. If ‘Big
Numbers’ is selected, ‘Big Compass’ will appear as an option instead.
To toggle between Compass Page formats, highlight ‘Big Numbers’ (or
‘Big Compass’) and press ENTER.
Change Fields— allows you to choose the data displayed on four user-selectable
data fields (two fields for the ‘Big Numbers’ option). There are twenty-five available data types, including Average (AVG) Speed, Bearing, Distance (DIST) to
Destination, ETA to Destination (DEST), Speed, Time to Destination (DEST),
Track, and a Trip Odometer. See page 95 for descriptions of data terms.
To change a data field:
1. Highlight ‘Change Fields’ and press ENTER.
The ‘Change Fields’ option
allows you to select from a
list of available data types.
Four different items may be
displayed on the Compass
Page—two when using the
44 ‘Big Numbers’ option.
2. Highlight the data field you wish to change and press ENTER.
3. Select the type of data you want to appear on this field and press ENTER.
Restore Defaults— resets all data fields to the factory default settings.
To restore the factory default settings, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and
press ENTER.
The GPS III+’s Highway Page also provides graphic steering guidance to your
destination, by using a graphic highway display. Along the right side of the page (top,
when display is vertical) are four user-selectable data fields that display current speed,
distance and time to next waypoint, and a bearing pointer (defaults). The bearing
pointer always points to the destination waypoint (or the next waypoint when using
a route) relative to the direction you are moving (track). If the bearing pointer points
straight ahead, you are heading directly to your destination. If the bearing pointer
points any direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up—then
continue in that direction. Each data field may be configured to display any one
of twenty-three data options.
The graphic heading compass at the top of the page indicates the direction
you are moving (track). Directly below the heading compass, the highway display
provides visual guidance to the destination waypoint and keeps you on your intended
course line. Your course is represented by the center line down the middle of the
graphic highway. As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective will
move to indicate your progress to the waypoint and which direction you should steer
to stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the highway display will show each
route waypoint in sequence, with the route course indicated by a black highway.
Nearby waypoints not in the route will also be displayed. You can zoom in or out on
the highway display for a smaller or larger view. Five available settings range from 1X
to 16X, with a default setting of 8X.
To zoom in or out on the highway display:
1. Press the IN zoom key to increase the zoom level and show a smaller view area.
REFERENCE
Highway Page
Your course is represented by
the highway center line. Keep
the center line in the middle of
the display to stay on course.
When using a route, the
Highway Page will guide you
to each waypoint along the
route.
2. Press the OUT zoom key to decrease the zoom level and show a larger view area.
45
REFERENCE
Highway Page Options
The ‘Sign Posts Off’ option
allows you to remove the
waypoint markers from the
highway display.
Many features of the GPS III+ are menu driven. Each of the main pages has
an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your
preferences and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Highway Page Options, press MENU (with the Highway
Page displayed).
The following options are available:
Sign Posts Off— removes the waypoint markers from the highway display. If
‘Sign Posts Off’ is selected, ‘Sign Posts On’ will appear as an option instead.
To remove (or display) waypoint markers on the highway, highlight
‘Sign Posts Off’ (or ‘Sign Posts On’) and press ENTER.
Change Fields— allows you to choose the data displayed on four
user-selectable data fields. There are twenty-three available data types,
including Average (AVG) Speed, Bearing, Distance (DIST) to Destination,
ETA to Destination (DEST), Speed, Time to Destination (DEST), Track,
a Trip Odometer and a bearing Pointer. See page 95 for data type descriptions.
To change a data field:
1. Highlight ‘Change Fields’ and press ENTER.
2. Highlight the data field you wish to change and press ENTER.
46
The ‘Change Fields’ option
allows you to choose the type
of data to display on four
user-selectable data fields.
Select the desired type from
the ‘Change Fields’ list.
3. Select the type of data you want to appear on this field and press ENTER.
Restore Defaults— resets all data fields to the factory default settings.
To restore the factory default settings, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and
press ENTER.
The GPS III+ stores up to 500 waypoints, with a selectable symbol and comment
available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be created using five methods:
Mark Present Position— your present position can be captured and saved as a
waypoint using the ENTER/MARK key.
On Map— a new waypoint position can be created directly on the map display
using the panning arrow.
Text Entry— waypoints can be created by entering position coordinates manually
(from a chart, etc.) or by referencing bearing and distance from a previously
stored waypoint (or present position).
Average Position— position samples can be averaged over time and the result
saved as a waypoint. Averaging reduces the effects of selective availability and
improves the accuracy of the position reading. (See page 31 for more info.)
Nearest Locations— nearest cities or highway exits can be saved as waypoints
from the nearest locations pages. (See page 53 for more info.)
REFERENCE
Creating Waypoints
The ENTER/MARK key
allows you to mark your current position as a waypoint.
You can give this waypoint
any name you choose—up to
six characters long.
Marking Present Position
The GPS III+’s mark feature lets you quickly capture your present position in
order to create a new waypoint. You must be locked onto satellites, with a valid
position fix, to mark your present position.
To mark your present position:
1. Press and hold the ENTER/MARK key. The Mark Waypoint Page is automatically
displayed.
2. To change the waypoint name (a three-digit number is automatically assigned),
highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter
the new waypoint name and press ENTER when finished.
3. To save the waypoint in memory, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
You can also choose from a
list of symbols used to identify
the user waypoint on the map
display.
47
REFERENCE
Creating Waypoints
Marking Waypoints on the Map Page
Waypoints can also be quickly created from the Map Page, which allows you to
“point and shoot” at any map position to create a new waypoint.
To create a new waypoint on the map:
1. Press the PAGE key repeatedly to select the Map Page.
Waypoints can be created
directly from the Map Page,
by placing the panning arrow
on the desired position and
pressing ENTER.
2. Use the rocker keypad to move the arrow to the desired map position. You may also
need to use the IN and OUT zoom keys, in conjunction with the rocker keypad, to
speed up this process.
3. Press ENTER to capture the arrow position and display the New Waypoint Page. (If
the arrow is placed on a highway exit, the exit services pages will appear instead. To
create a waypoint at a highway exit location, see page 39.)
4. To change the waypoint name (a three-digit number is automatically assigned),
highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter
the new waypoint name and press ENTER when finished.
5. To save the waypoint in memory, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
Creating Waypoints by Text Entry
User waypoints can also be
created by entering the
position coordinates for the
waypoint.
48
Waypoints may be created by manually entering the position coordinates or by
entering the bearing and distance from an existing waypoint (or present position).
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates, or by
bearing/distance from another position:
1. Press the MENU key twice to select the Main Menu.
2. Highlight ‘Waypoints’ and press ENTER. A list of all waypoints stored in memory
is displayed.
3. Press MENU to display the Waypoint List Options.
4. Highlight ‘New Waypoint’ and press ENTER. The New Waypoint Page appears.
REFERENCE
Creating Waypoints
5. To enter a name for the new waypoint, highlight the waypoint name field and press
ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter the waypoint name and press ENTER when
finished.
6. To enter position coordinates for the new waypoint, highlight the waypoint coordinates field and press ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter the position coordinates
and press ENTER when finished. (For lat/long coordinates, enter both the latitude and
longitude information before pressing ENTER.) OR,
7. To create the new waypoint by referencing another position, highlight the reference
waypoint name field and press ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter the name of
the reference waypoint and press ENTER. (If the reference waypoint name field is
left blank, your present position will be used as the reference position.) Use the same
procedure to enter the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIST) from the reference waypoint to the new waypoint. (Remember to press ENTER once each data item is
selected with the rocker keypad.)
You can choose from a list of
symbols used to identify the
waypoint on the map display.
8. To save the new waypoint in memory, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
Waypoint List Options
The Waypoint List Options were displayed using the first three steps, above. In
addition to ‘New Waypoint’, there are five additional options:
Show Map— allows you to view the map area around the highlighted waypoint
on the Waypoint List. While viewing the map display, you can also use the IN
and OUT zoom keys to see additional detail.
To view the map area around a highlighted waypoint on the Waypoint List:
1. Select ‘Show Map’ (from the Waypoint List Options) and press ENTER.
The Spell ‘n Find option allows
you to retrieve waypoint information by manually entering
the waypoint’s name with the
rocker keypad.
49
REFERENCE
Editing Waypoints
Spell ‘n Find— allows you to display the Waypoint Edit Page for any waypoint in
memory, by typing in the first few characters of the waypoint’s name.
To Spell ‘n Find a waypoint:
1. Select the Spell ‘n Find option and use the rocker keypad to enter the first few
characters of the waypoint name.
2. Press ENTER to view waypoints starting with characters entered.
Waypoints can be deleted
individually, by common
symbol or all at once. Select
the desired ‘Delete’ option and
press ENTER.
Delete Waypoint— allows you to delete the waypoint which is highlighted on
the Waypoint List.
Delete by Symbol— allows you to select a waypoint symbol and all waypoints
with this corresponding symbol will be deleted from memory.
Delete All— deletes all waypoints currently stored in memory.
To delete a waypoint (or waypoints):
1. Select the desired delete option from the list above and press ENTER. The GPS III+ will
delete all waypoints not used in a route, then prompt you to continue before deleting
any route waypoints.
2. If ‘Delete by Symbol’ is selected, select the desired symbol and press ENTER.
Editing Waypoints
To rename a waypoint, enter
the new name directly over
the old name and press
ENTER.
50
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be modified, reviewed,
renamed or deleted at any time through the Waypoint Edit Page. The Waypoint Edit
Page for any stored waypoint can be retrieved by highlighting the desired waypoint on
the map display, or selecting it from any waypoint list, and pressing the ENTER key.
To access the Waypoint Edit Page:
1. Use the rocker keypad to highlight the desired waypoint on the map display or on any
waypoint list.
2. Press ENTER to display the Waypoint Edit Page for the selected waypoint.
From the Waypoint Edit Page, highlight the appropriate field to rename a
waypoint, change its symbol, edit the comment or edit the position.
To rename the waypoint:
REFERENCE
Editing Waypoints
1. Highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER.
2. Use the rocker keypad to enter the new waypoint name and press ENTER.
3. If finished, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
To change the waypoint’s symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field and press ENTER.
2. Use the rocker keypad to select the desired symbol and press ENTER. The selected
symbol will be used to denote the waypoint position on the map display.
3. If finished, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
When a waypoint is created, the time and date of creation is automatically added
as a waypoint comment. You can edit this information or create a entirely new
comment, as needed.
To edit the waypoint comment:
The default waypoint comment is the time and date
the waypoint was created. You
can enter your own comment
using the rocker keypad.
1. Highlight the waypoint comment field and press ENTER.
2. Use the rocker keypad to enter the desired comment and press ENTER.
3. If finished, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
To edit the waypoint position:
1. Highlight the waypoint coordinates field to change the position coordinates, or
highlight the reference waypoint name, bearing or distance fields to change the
reference waypoint information. Press ENTER to begin editing.
2. Use the rocker keypad to enter the new information. Press ENTER to accept the new
information.
3. When finished, highlight ‘Done’ and press ENTER.
Edit a waypoint’s position
by entering the new position
coordinates directly over the
old position.
51
REFERENCE
Waypoint Edit Options
‘Show Map’ allows you to
view the area around the
waypoint’s position.
The Waypoint Edit Page also features an options page that allows you to delete
the waypoint, view the map area around the waypoint position, define how the
waypoint will appear on the map display or average the waypoint position to
improve accuracy.
To display the Waypoint Edit Options, press MENU (with the Waypoint
Edit Page displayed).
The following options are available:
Show Map— allows you to view the map area surrounding the selected
waypoint’s position. While viewing the map display, you can also use the IN
and OUT zoom keys to see additional detail.
Display Options— lets you designate how the selected waypoint will appear
on the map display. Options are provided to show Symbol & Name, Symbol &
Comment (Cmnt), or Symbol Only.
To change the display options for a waypoint:
1. Highlight ‘Display Options’ and press ENTER.
2. Highlight the desired option and press ENTER.
‘Display Options’ lets you
determine what waypoint
information will appear on
the map display.
Average Position— allows you to average position samples over time to update
the waypoint’s position with a more accurate position reading. (See page 31 for
more information on averaging.)
Delete Waypoint— allows you to remove the selected waypoint from memory.
To delete a waypoint:
1. Highlight ‘Delete Waypoint’ and press ENTER. A confirmation screen is displayed.
52
2. ENTER to delete (or QUIT to cancel).
Another waypoint feature of the GPS III+ is the nearest locations pages, which
show up to nine nearest waypoints and 50 nearest cities—within 200 miles of your
present position—along with 50 exits on the nearest (interstate) highway and 50
nearest geo (geographic) points. The nearest locations pages are organized by a series
of ‘file tabs’ (denoting categories for Waypoints, Cities, Exits and Geo Pnts) and display
the bearing (BRG) and distance (DST) to each nearby location for the selected tab
(category). The lists are continuously updated as you’re moving and provide quick
access to the closest points of safety in an emergency.
REFERENCE
Nearest Locations
To view the nearest locations pages:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu.
2. Highlight ‘Nearest’ and press ENTER.
To view the nearest locations
pages, select ‘Nearest’ from
the Main Menu.
3. Highlight the appropriate tab (Waypoints, Cities, Exits or Geo Pnts) for the desired
nearest list.
4. Scroll through the list using the UP/DOWN portion of the rocker keypad.
To view additional information for a nearby location:
1. Scroll through the selected nearest list (as described above) and highlight the desired
location (Waypoint, City or Exit).
2. Press ENTER to display an info page for the selected location.
3. For waypoints, the information is displayed on the Waypoint Edit Page. You can edit the
waypoint’s location, name, symbol, etc. from this page, as outlined on pages 50-51.
4. For cities, the information includes state, country, size or reference, and position. You
can show the map area for the city, save it as a waypoint or switch between size and
reference information as described on pages 69-71.
5. For exits and geo points, all the additional pages and related options menus (described
on pages 35, 39-40 and 54) are available.
The nearest locations pages are
organized as a series of “file
tabs”. Select the appropriate
tab to show as many as nine
nearby waypoints, 50 nearest
cities or 50 nearest highway
exits—along with the bearing
53
and distance to each.
REFERENCE
Nearest Location Options
To GOTO a nearby location:
1. Highlight the desired location on the selected nearest list. Press GOTO to display the
GOTO Page with the desired location selected.
2. Press ENTER to confirm the selected waypoint and begin navigating.
Nearest Location Options
The Nearest Location Options
allows you to define the category of exits which will
appear on the Nearest Exits
List. Start by highlighting the
‘Exits’ tab, then press MENU.
The nearest locations pages also feature an options page that allows you to
define the category of items you want to appear on the Nearest Cities, Exits or Geo
Pnts Lists or restore the factory default settings after you’ve made any changes.
To display the nearest location options for Nearest Lists:
1. From the nearest locations pages, highlight the a tab and press MENU.
2. Highlight the desired option and press ENTER.
The following options are available:
Cities/Exits/Geo Pnts Setup— allows you to define the item categories you
wish to display on the Nearest Cities, Exits or Geo Pnts Lists.
To select the desired item categories:
1. Highlight ‘Cities, Exits or Geo Pnts Setup’ and press ENTER.
Select the exit categories you
wish to appear on the Nearest
Exits List. A category is
enabled when an “X” appears
in the box adjacent to the
desired category.
54
2. Highlight the field adjacent to the desired category and press ENTER to enable/
disable the category. A category is selected, and will appear on the Nearest List,
when an “X” appears in the field adjacent to that category.
Restore Defaults— resets all nearest settings to the factory defaults for the
current list only.
The GPS III+ can navigate to a destination using any of four different methods:
GOTO— lets you select a waypoint as your destination and quickly plot a direct
course from present position to that waypoint.
MOB (man overboard)— captures your present position, saves it as a waypoint
and sets a course back to the position for quick response in an emergency.
TracBack— allows you to retrace your path using the track log automatically
stored in the receiver’s memory. This eliminates the need to store waypoints along
the way. (See page 58 for more information about TracBack.)
Routes— allows you to manually create a sequence of intermediate waypoints
which lead you to your final destination. The GPS III+ will store up to 20
reversible routes, with up to 30 waypoints in each route.
GOTO Navigation
The easiest way to select your destination is by using the GOTO key. The GOTO
key can be used by itself, after highlighting a waypoint name on a list, or after
designating a position on the map display.
To GOTO a waypoint:
REFERENCE
Navigation / GOTO
To GOTO a waypoint, press
GOTO and select the desired
tab. Highlight the waypoint
name field at the top of the
page to spell the name of the
desired destination waypoint.
1. Press GOTO. The GOTO Page shows a series of file tabs for ‘Recent’ waypoints, ‘All’
waypoints, ‘Nearest’ waypoints or ‘Spell n Find’.
2. To GOTO a recently used waypoint or a nearby waypoint, select the ‘Recent’ tab or the
‘Nearest’ tab, highlight the desired waypoint on the list and press ENTER.
3. To GOTO any waypoint stored in memory, select the ‘All’ tab, highlight the desired
waypoint and press ENTER.
4. To enter the name of the destination waypoint, highlight the waypoint name field and
press ENTER. (The ‘Spell n Find’ tab is automatically selected.) Use the rocker keypad
to enter the name of the desired waypoint—UP/DOWN to change each character and
RIGHT to move to the next character. Press ENTER to confirm the selection.
Press ENTER and use the
rocker keypad to enter the
identifier of the destination
waypoint. Press ENTER again
to confirm the waypoint and
begin navigation.
55
REFERENCE
GOTO / GOTO Options
To designate a GOTO waypoint from a list of waypoints:
1. Highlight the desired waypoint on the list and press GOTO. A confirmation page shows
the selected destination waypoint.
2. Press ENTER to confirm the selected waypoint and begin navigating.
To GOTO an existing waypoint, city or highway exit on the map display:
1. Use the rocker keypad to place the arrow on the desired target location. If a city or exit
is selected, a waypoint will be created at that location using the city or exit name.
By highlighting a waypoint
name on a list and pressing
GOTO, you won’t have to
manually enter the name of
your destination waypoint.
2. Press GOTO, followed by ENTER, to begin navigating.
To GOTO any position on the map display:
1. Use the rocker keypad to place the arrow on any position you wish to navigate to.
2. Press GOTO to create a waypoint, called ‘MAP’, at the arrow position. Each time you
perform this step it will overwrite any previously created ‘MAP’ waypoint.
3. Press ENTER to being navigating.
GOTO Options
A GOTO can also be initiated
from the map display by placing the panning arrow on the
desired target waypoint, city
or highway exit.
56
GOTO Options are also provided to initiate a TracBack route or cancel the
current GOTO destination.
To display the GOTO Options, press MENU (immediately after pressing
GOTO).
The following options are available:
TracBack— allows you to retrace your path using the track log automatically
stored in the receiver’s memory. This eliminates the need to store waypoints
along the way. (See page 58 for more information about TracBack.)
Cancel GOTO— cancels the current GOTO destination and resumes navigation
of any previously selected route. If no route is currently in use; bearing, distance,
etc. will remain blank until a destination waypoint is defined.
To cancel the current GOTO destination, highlight ‘Cancel GOTO’ and
press ENTER.
REFERENCE
GOTO Options / MOB
MOB (man overboard)
The GPS III+’s MOB function lets you simultaneously mark and set a course to
a position for quick response in an emergency. Once an MOB has been activated, an
MOB symbol will appear on the map display and the navigation screens will guide
you back to the ‘MOB’ waypoint.
To activate the MOB function:
To cancel a current GOTO
destination, select ‘Cancel
GOTO’ from the GOTO
Options.
1. Press and hold GOTO to capture the MOB position.
2. Press ENTER to begin navigating back to the ‘MOB’ waypoint.
3. To cancel the MOB function, select ‘Cancel GOTO’ from the GOTO Options and
press ENTER.
H
NOTE: Each time an MOB is activated, any previous ‘MOB’ position stored in
memory will the overwritten and permanently lost. If you wish to save an ‘MOB’
waypoint for future use, you should give the waypoint a new name using the steps
outlined on pages 50-51.
Press and hold the GOTO key
to activate the MOB (man
overboard) feature.
57
REFERENCE
TracBack
Clear any old data from
the active track log before
you depart. This defines the
starting point for a TracBack
route.
The TracBack navigation feature allows you to retrace your path using the track
log automatically stored in the receiver’s memory. This eliminates the need to manually
store waypoints along the way. A track log is an electronic breadcrumb trail, showing
the path you have travelled. Your GPS III+ can be set to automatically record track log
points any time the receiver is on and locked onto satellites (see page 71).
TracBack routes are created by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30
waypoints and activating the new route in reverse order along those waypoints. Once
activated, a TracBack route will lead you back to the oldest track log point stored
in memory, so it’s a good idea to clear the active track log at the beginning of your
current trip (e.g., at the dock or trailhead), before you get started.
To clear the active track log and define a starting point for a TracBack:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
2. Highlight ‘Track Logs’ and press ENTER.
3. With the ‘Active Log’ highlighted press MENU to display the options list.
4. Highlight ‘Clear Active Log’ and press ENTER.
5. Press ENTER to delete the track log data. (Or press QUIT to cancel.)
To create and activate a TracBack route:
1. Enable track log recording and leave the GPS III+ on to automatically record track log
positions while under way. Refer to page 69 for more information on track log settings.
A TracBack route can also be
created from the GOTO
Options by pressing GOTO,
followed by MENU and
selecting ‘TracBack’.
58
2. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
3. Highlight ‘Track Logs’ and press ENTER.
4. Highlight the desired track log (‘Active Log’ or ‘Saved Logs’) and press MENU to
display the options list.
5. Highlight ‘TracBack’ and press ENTER to create/activate the TracBack route. (A
message box will appear while the GPS III+ analyzes the data and creates the route.)
Once a TracBack has been activated, the GPS III+ will take the track log currently
stored in memory and divide it into route segments, called ‘legs’. Up to 30 track log
waypoints (labeled ‘T###’, e.g. ‘T001’) will be created to mark the most significant
features of the track log in order to duplicate your path as closely as possible. To gain
the most benefit from the TracBack feature, keep the following tips in mind:
• Always clear the track log at the point you want to return to (boat ramp,
dock, trailhead, etc.)
• The ‘Record Mode’ on the Track Logs Page must be set to ‘Wrap’ or ‘Fill’.
• There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a
TracBack route.
• If there is not enough available memory to add more waypoints and create a
TracBack route, you will be alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message. The
receiver will use the available waypoints to create a route with an emphasis on
the track log data closest to the destination. Also, existing TracBack waypoints
(‘T###’) that are not contained in routes will be erased to free more memory.
The GPS III+ will create new waypoints using the first available three-digit
number.
• If the Track Logs Page ‘Interval’ field is set to ‘Time’, the route may not follow
your exact path. (Keep the ‘Interval’ field set to ‘Resolution’ for best results.)
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip,
TracBack will draw a straight line between any point where coverage was lost
and where it resumed.
• If there are frequent changes in direction and distance in your track log, 30
waypoints may not accurately depict your exact path. The receiver will then
assign the 30 waypoints to the most significant points of your track log, and
simplify segments with fewer changes in direction.
REFERENCE
TracBack Tips
A TracBack route contains a
series of waypoints labeled
‘T###’ that approximate your
previous route of travel.
‘Wrap’ will overwrite the old
track log data in memory,
once all memory has been
used. ‘Fill’ will record data
until memory is full, then
stop.
59
REFERENCE
Routes
To display the Route List,
showing all routes stored in
memory, select ‘Routes’ from
the Main Menu.
Route navigation allows you to manually create a sequence of intermediate
waypoints which lead you to your final destination. The GPS III+ will store up to 20
reversible routes, with up to 30 waypoints in each route. Routes can be created and
modified by text entry (using the rocker keypad to enter waypoint names) or directly
from the map display. Using the map display allows you to see each route graphically
on-screen as you create, review, modify or navigate the route. All of the GPS III+’s
route functions are accessed through the Main Menu.
To create a new route by entering the name of each waypoint:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
2. Highlight ‘Routes’ and press ENTER. The Route List is displayed, showing all routes
stored in memory.
3. Press MENU to display the Route Options.
4. Highlight ‘New Route’ and press ENTER. The GPS III+ creates a route called ‘EMPTY-1’.
(The name changes as you add waypoints to the route, so make note of the route name
for future reference.)
5. Highlight the first waypoint name field and press ENTER to begin entering the name of
an existing waypoint in memory.
60
To create a new route, select
‘New Route’ from the Route
Options and enter the identifiers for the route waypoints
in the sequence you wish to
follow them.
6. Use the rocker keypad to enter the name of the route waypoint.
7. Press ENTER to accept the selected route waypoint.
8. Highlight the next waypoint name field, press ENTER and repeat steps 6 & 7 until all
the waypoints have been added to the route.
To create a route from the map display:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
REFERENCE
Creating New Routes
2. Highlight ‘Routes’ and press ENTER. The Route List is displayed, showing all routes
stored in memory.
3. Press MENU to display the Route Options.
4. Highlight ‘New Route ’ and press ENTER. The GPS III+ creates a route called
‘EMPTY- 1’. (The name changes as you add waypoints to the route, so make note of
the route name for future reference.)
5. Press MENU to display the New Route Options and highlight ‘Show Map’.
6. Press ENTER and use the rocker keypad to place the arrow over the first route waypoint. (Use the IN and OUT zoom keys to aid in locating the desired waypoint.)
7. Press ENTER to accept the selected route waypoint.
To create a route directly from
the map display, select ‘New
Route’ from the Main Menu,
then select ‘Show Map’ from
the New Route Options.
8. Highlight the next waypoint on the map display and press ENTER to add the waypoint to
the route. Repeat this step until all route waypoints have been added to the route.
Press PAGE or QUIT to exit the page.
9. You can also create route waypoints during this process. If no waypoint exists at the
arrow location, the GPS III+ will automatically create one—using a three digit number
as the waypoint’s name. (You can rename the waypoint following the steps on page 51.)
10. If you wish to include a city location in the route, place the arrow over the city and
press ENTER. A confirmation page will appear with the name of the city as a new waypoint (sometimes abbreviated, depending on the length of the original name). To add to
the route, select ‘Use’ and press ENTER.
As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the
map display will show the name of the route you are creating, which includes the
first and last waypoints in the route. A solid route line will appear on the map to
indicate each leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the distance and bearing
from the last route waypoint to the cursor position.
You can add city (or highway
exit) locations to a route by
placing the editing arrow on
a city (or highway exit) and
pressing ENTER.
61
REFERENCE
Route List
The GPS III+’s Route List displays all the routes currently stored in memory,
along with a descriptive name for each route. Once a route has been created, it can
be activated and used for navigation from the Route List. A route may be followed
in the same sequence as it was originally created, or you can invert the route and
navigate from the end waypoint back to the beginning waypoint.
To activate a route:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
The Route List shows all
routes currently stored in
memory. Highlight the desired
route and press ENTER to see
the Route Plan Page.
2. Highlight ‘Routes’ and press ENTER. The Route List is displayed, showing all routes
stored in memory.
3. Highlight the desired route and press MENU to display the Route Options.
4. Highlight ‘Activate’ and press ENTER to navigate the route in sequence.
To deactivate the route and stop using it for navigation:
1. Press PAGE repeatedly to display the Active Route Page. (See page 66.)
2. Press MENU to display the Active Route Options.
3. Highlight ‘Deactivate’ and press ENTER to stop navigating the currently selected route.
Activating a route tells the
GPS III+ you wish to use this
route for navigation guidance.
The Route List also allows you to enter your own 13-character name for any listed
route. By default the name includes the first and last waypoints in the route.
To enter a custom route name:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu.
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2. Highlight ‘Routes’ and press ENTER. The Route List is displayed, showing all routes
stored in memory.
3. Highlight the desired route and press ENTER to display the Route Plan Page.
REFERENCE
Route List / Editing
4. Highlight the name field and press ENTER to begin editing.
5. Use the rocker keypad to enter the desired name and press ENTER when finished.
Route Editing
Once a route is added to memory you can review and/or edit the route from the
Route Plan Page. The Route Plan Page shows the sequence of waypoints for the selected
route and provides additional options to depict the route layout on the map display,
insert waypoints, remove waypoints or perform trip/fuel planning functions.
To edit a route:
The Route Plan Page allows
for easy editing of an existing
route.
1. From the Route List, highlight the route you wish to edit and press ENTER. The Route
Plan Page appears for the selected route.
2. To change a route waypoint, highlight the waypoint you wish to change and press
ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to enter the new waypoint and press ENTER.
3. To review the information for a route waypoint, highlight the desired waypoint and
press MENU. A pop-up menu appears with additional options. Highlight ‘Review Wpt’
and press ENTER to display information for the selected waypoint.
4. To insert a waypoint in the route, highlight the waypoint that will immediately follow the
new route waypoint and press MENU. A pop-up menu appears with additional options.
Highlight ‘Insert Wpt’ and press ENTER to display a blank line for the new waypoint.
Enter the name of the new waypoint, using the rocker keypad, and press ENTER.
5. To delete a waypoint from the route, highlight the waypoint you wish to delete and
press MENU. A pop-up menu appears with additional options. Highlight ‘Remove Wpt’
and press ENTER.
To edit the route, highlight
the route waypoint which is
affected by the change. If
inserting a waypoint, highlight
the waypoint which follows
the new waypoint.
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REFERENCE
Route Editing / Planning
6. To edit the route from the map display, press MENU from the Route Plan Page.
Highlight ‘Show Map’ and press ENTER. Use the rocker keypad to place the cursor on
the desired waypoint and press MENU. A pop-up menu appears. Select the desired
option and press ENTER. If ‘Move’ is selected, move the cursor to the desired location
and press ENTER to accept the change.
Route Planning
The ‘Show Map’ option allows
you to change the route from
the map display. Place the
arrow on the point affected by
the change and press MENU
to display editing options.
The Route Plan Page also displays trip planning information for each leg or
the entire route. Available information includes desired course, time to waypoint,
distance to waypoint, required fuel and sunrise/sunset times at the waypoint
location.
To use the trip planning features:
1. To select the desired planning figure, highlight the desired route from the Route List
and press ENTER to display the Route Plan Page. One of ten available planning figures
appears to the right of each route waypoint. Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the rocker
keypad to select the desired item.
2. To enter planning information, Press MENU and select ‘Setup Plan’ from the options
list. Enter the figures for speed, fuel flow, departure time and departure date. Press
QUIT to return to the Route Plan Page.
With the Route Plan Page displayed, use the LEFT/RIGHT
keys on the rocker keypad to
select the trip planning features.
Press MENU and select ‘Setup
Plan’ to define departure time,
64 fuel usage and speed.
H
NOTE: Fuel flow rates on your GPS III+ are measured in “units per hour”.
System setting changes for units of measure (statute, nautical or metric) do not
affect the fuel flow measure. You should enter fuel flow rates based upon available
information for your vehicle (operator’s manual, performance specifications, etc.) and
make note of the desired units of measure (gallons, liters, etc.)
When a route is highlighted on the Route List, additional functions are available
from the Route Options.
To display the Route Options, press MENU (with the Route List
displayed).
The following options are available:
New Route— allows you to create a new route, as described on page 60.
Activate Route— allows you to navigate the route in the same sequence it was
originally created, as described on page 62.
Copy— allows you to copy the selected route to a new route. The copy function
can be used to save a TracBack route for future use. The copy function is also
useful for duplicating an existing route before making changes.
To copy a route:
REFERENCE
Route Options
‘Copy’ allows you to make
a duplicate of a route before
making editing changes.
1. Highlight the desired route on the Route List and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Copy’ and press ENTER.
3. The Route Plan Page will appear for the duplicate route and the name for the new
route will be identical to the original, but followed by a number (e.g. ‘HOME-CAMP 1’).
Delete Route— allows you to remove the selected route from memory. The
waypoints contained in the route will still appear in memory, but not as part of
the route.
To delete a route from memory:
1. Highlight the desired route on the Route List and press MENU.
‘Delete’ will remove the selected route from memory, but
not the waypoints contained
in the route.
2. Highlight ‘Delete Route’ and press ENTER. A confirmation page will appear.
3. Press ENTER to delete the route (or QUIT to cancel).
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REFERENCE
Route Options / Active Route
Delete All— allows you to remove all routes from memory. The waypoints contained in all stored routes will remain in memory, but not as part of any route.
To delete all routes from memory:
1. Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press ENTER. A confirmation page will appear.
2. Press ENTER to delete all routes (or QUIT to cancel).
Active Route Page
The Active Route Page shows
the route currently being used
for navigation guidance. The
next waypoint in the route is
denoted by an arrow on the
left-hand side of the screen.
Selecting a GOTO destination
along the current route will
take you directly to that
waypoint, then continue with
the remainder of the route.
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The last page appearing in the main sequence (using the PAGE or QUIT keys)
is the Active Route Page. Whenever you have activated a route, GOTO, MOB or
TracBack, the Active Route Page will show each waypoint (by name) of the active
route, along with the desired course, distance to waypoint, time to each waypoint,
fuel requirements or sunrise/sunset times at each route waypoint. As you navigate
the route, the information on the Active Route Page will automatically update
to indicate the destination waypoint and any remaining interim waypoints—with
the next point along the route denoted by an arrow on the left-hand side of
the screen.
From the Active Route Page you can change the name of the active route
(see page 62), review information on a route waypoint (see page 47) or bypass
route waypoints and GOTO any waypoint in the route (see page 56). The userselectable data field on the right side of the page also keeps you informed of
current conditions. There are ten different data items available. See page 95 for
data type descriptions.
To change the Active Route Page data, press the LEFT/RIGHT keys on
the rocker keypad.
REFERENCE
Many features of the GPS III+ are menu driven. Each of the main pages has
an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your
preferences and/or select special features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Active Route Page Options, press MENU (with the Active
Route Page displayed).
The following options are available:
Show Map— allows you to view the area around the active route. When selected, ‘Show Map’ will show the map display centered around the first waypoint in
the active route.
Setup Plan— displays a trip planning screen, allowing you to plan and review
distance, fuel, time en route and sunrise/sunset information for the selected
route.
To use the trip planning features:
Active Route Page Options
To view each waypoint along
your route and the surrounding area, select ‘Show Map’
and use the panning arrow to
move along your route on the
map display.
1. Highlight ‘Setup Plan’ and press ENTER. The trip planning screen is displayed, showing speed, fuel flow, departure time and departure date information.
2. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, using the same steps above. Fuel
flow rate units (gallons, liters, etc.) are not specified on the GPS III+. Enter these figures
based upon available information for your vehicle and make note of the desired units.
3. Press QUIT to return to the Route Plan Page, then use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the
rocker keypad to review the planning information.
Re-evaluate— reactivates the current route and selects the route leg closest to
your current position as the active leg. The active leg defines the current ‘from’
and ‘to’ waypoints.
‘Setup Plan’ allows you to
define planned speed, fuel
flow and departure time in
order to review trip planning
figures.
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REFERENCE
Active Route Page Options
‘Re-evaluate’ will reactivate
the current route and select
the closest leg. This feature
is handy if you stray well
off course and later wish to
return to the route.
To reverse the sequence of
waypoints in the active route,
select the ‘Invert’ option.
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Deactivate— cancels navigation of the route you are currently using. See
page 62.
Invert— reactivates the current route in reverse order and navigates from the end
waypoint back to the beginning waypoint. See page 62.
Insert Wpt— allows you to insert an additional waypoint into the route, directly
in front of the currently highlighted waypoint in the route. If no route waypoint
is highlighted, this option is not available. See page 63 for route editing info.
Remove Wpt— removes the currently highlighted waypoint from the route. If no
waypoint is highlighted, this option is not available. See page 63 for route editing
information.
Review Wpt— allows you to view information for the currently highlighted waypoint in the route. If no route waypoint is highlighted, this option is not available.
See page 53 for waypoint review information.
Delete Route— allows you to remove the current route from memory. The waypoints contained in the route will still appear in memory, but not as part of the
route. See page 65.
The GPS III+’s Main Menu provides access to the waypoint, route, track log,
timer and setup features of the receiver. The Main Menu can be accessed at any
time using the MENU key.
To display the Main Menu, press the MENU key twice.
The 7 menu options are divided into categories by function: waypoints/cities/
nearest locations, routes/track logs, trip computer, and system setups.
To select an option from the Main Menu, highlight the desired item and
press ENTER.
The following menu options are available (continued on the next five pages):
Waypoints— allows you to create, edit or delete waypoints. See pages 47-52.
Cities— allows you to search the built-in database for a particular city or town.
The City Spell ‘n Find Page will display the location, size/reference, bearing and
distance to the selected city. (Categories for small towns and small/medium/large
cities are provided, based on the population levels described on page 70.)
REFERENCE
Main Menu
Press MENU twice to display
the Main Menu.
City Spell ‘n Find
To select a city and display it on the City Spell ‘n Find Page:
1. Highlight ‘Cities’ from the Main Menu and press ENTER.
2. The first character of the city name field should already be highlighted. Enter the name of the desired
city using the ROCKER KEYPAD—UP/DOWN to change the highlighted character, and RIGHT to move
to the next character. As you spell the name of the desired city, the GPS III+ will display the first entry
in the built-in database which corresponds to the characters you have entered. If duplicate entries
exist for the desired city, continue scrolling through the database entries using the UP/DOWN keys
on the ROCKER KEYPAD. (When the same city name exists in several states/countries, pay particular
attention to the ‘State/Country’ field directly below the city name field.)
3. Once the desired city is displayed, press ENTER to accept the selection.
Select the desired menu option
by highlighting it with the
rocker keypad and pressing
ENTER.
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REFERENCE
Main Menu: City Options
City Spell ‘n Find Options
To view the City Spell ‘n Find Options, press MENU (with the City Spell ‘n
Find Page displayed).
The following options are available:
Show Map allows you to view the map area surrounding the selected city’s position.
While viewing the map display, you can also use the IN and OUT zoom keys to see
additional detail.
To view the map area around the city location:
The City Spell ‘n Find Page
lets you retrieve information
for any city in the built-in
database.
1. Select ‘Show Map’ and press ENTER.
Save As Waypnt creates a waypoint at the city location and saves it in memory. If the city
name is longer than six characters, it will be abbreviated when creating the waypoint.
To save an exit location as a waypoint:
1. Select ‘Save As Waypnt’ and press ENTER.
2. With ‘Done’ highlighted, press ENTER to save the new waypoint.
The ‘Show Map’ Option
allows you to view the area
around the city location. Use
the IN and OUT zoom keys to
view the desired detail.
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Show Reference / Show City Size allows you to toggle between a reference waypoint
field or size information. The reference waypoint field allows you to determine bearing
and distance from any waypoint to the selected city. The size information block describes
the size of the selected city as follows: Large cities are those with approximate populations greater than 200,000. Medium cities are greater than 50,000 and small cities are
greater than 5,000. Small towns include those with approximate populations under
5,000 or towns of unknown size.
H
NOTE: When the ‘Reference’ field is left blank or the size information field is displayed,
the ‘Bearing’ and ‘Distance’ information provided is from your current position.
City Spell ‘n Find Options (cont.)
REFERENCE
Main Menu
To select between size information and a reference waypoint field:
1. Select ‘Show City Size’ or ‘Show Reference’ (as appropriate) and press ENTER. (When one of the
options is selected, the other option will appear on the City Spell ‘n Find Options menu.)
2. If ‘Show Reference’ is selected, the City Spell ‘n Find Page will reappear.
To enter a reference waypoint and display the bearing and distance from the
waypoint to the selected city:
1. Select the ‘Show Reference’ option, as described above.
2. With the cursor highlighting the reference waypoint field, press ENTER to begin entering the
reference waypoint name.
3. Use the ROCKER KEYPAD to enter the name of the reference waypoint and press ENTER when
finished. The bearing and distance from the reference waypoint to the city location will appear at
the bottom right corner of the screen.
Nearest— displays up to nine nearest waypoints and 50 nearest cities within
200 miles of your present position, along with 50 exits on the nearest interstate
highway. See page 53.
Routes— allows you to create, edit, activate or delete routes. See pages 60-64.
Track Log— lets you specify whether or not to record a track log (an electronic
‘breadcrumb trail’ recording of your path), define how it is recorded or save track
log data for future use. The Track Logs Page also provides an indicator of the memory used for the active track log and options to clear the track memory or start a
TracBack route. See pages 58-59 for TracBack information.
The Track Logs Page is divided in two main sections: one for the active log (the log
currently being recorded) and available memory, and the second section showing
any saved track logs and the total number saved. The active log stores up to 1900
track log positions, based upon the criteria specified in the Track Log Options. Up to
10 additional track logs may be saved in memory, with up to 250 track log positions
in each saved log. You may also choose to display/not display the saved log.
‘Show Reference’ allows you
to display bearing and distance (from any waypoint you
have stored in memory) to the
selected city.
To clear the reference field
(and use your present position
instead) press LEFT side of
the ROCKER KEYPAD until
the reference waypoint field
becomes blank, then press
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ENTER.
REFERENCE
Track Log Settings
Main Menu: Track Logs
To view the Track Log Options, highlight ‘Active Log’ or any of the ‘Saved Logs’
(on the Track Logs Page) and press MENU.
The following options are available:
TracBack converts the track log data in memory into an inverted route (of up to 30
waypoints) and begins navigation along the route. See pages 58-59.
The Track Logs Page shows
available memory for the
active log (the log currently
being recorded) and lists any
saved track logs.
Save Active Log extracts up to 250 of the most significant points along the active log,
saves this information as a ‘saved log’, and clears the active log. Up to 10 saved logs may
be stored in memory, along with a 13-character name. The default name is the date the
log was saved, but you can specify any name you wish.
To rename a saved log:
1. Highlight the saved log you wish to rename and press ENTER. An information box appears, showing the name of the saved log, the number of points in the track log and the total distance covered.
2. Highlight the track log name field and press ENTER.
3. Use the rocker keypad to enter the new name for the saved log. Press ENTER when finished.
From the Track Logs Page,
press MENU to view the
Track Log Options.
Clear Active Log / Delete Saved Log clears the selected track log, active or saved, from
memory. Highlight the ‘Active Log’ to display the ‘Clear Active Log’ option, or highlight
any of the ‘Saved Logs’ to display the ‘Delete Saved Log’ option. You should select the
‘Clear Active Log’ option at the beginning of any trip where you’ll want to convert the
track log data into a TracBack route. See pages 58-59.
To delete a track log:
1. Highlight the track log you wish to delete (active or saved) on the Track Logs Page, and press
MENU to display the Track Log Options.
2. Highlight ‘Clear Active Log’ or ‘Delete Saved Log’ and press ENTER.
72
3. Press ENTER again to confirm (or press QUIT to cancel).
Track Log Settings (cont.)
REFERENCE
Main Menu: Track Logs
Delete All allows you to clear all track logs, active and saved, from memory.
To delete all track logs from memory:
1. Select ‘Delete All’ from the Track Log Options and press ENTER.
2. Press ENTER again to confirm (or QUIT to cancel).
Setup Logging provides a setup screen to define how track log data will be recorded. The
Setup Logging Page provides options for ‘Record Mode’, ‘Interval’ and ‘Interval Value’.
Record Mode lets you select one of three track recording options:
‘Off’ – No track log will be recorded.
H
NOTE: Selecting ‘Off’ may prevent you from using the TracBack feature.
‘Fill’ – A track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
Select ‘Save Active Log’ to save
the active log data for future
use. This process extracts the
most significant points along
the active route (up to 250)
and creates a ‘saved log’.
‘Wrap’ (default) – A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through
available memory; replacing the oldest track data with new data.
Interval defines the frequency with which the track plot is recorded. Three
interval settings are available:
‘Resolution’ (default) – Records track log based upon a user-defined variance
from your course over ground. The resolution option is recommended for the
most efficient use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value
(entered in the ‘Interval Value’ field) is the maximum left/right deviation
allowed from the last defined ground track before recording a new point.
‘Time’ – Records track log based on a user-defined time interval.
The ‘Setup Logging’ option
allows you to change the
criteria used to record the
active track log.
‘Distance’ – Records track log based on a user-defined distance between points.
Interval Value defines the distance or time interval used to record the track log.
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REFERENCE
Main Menu / Setup Menu
Track Log Settings (cont.)
Displayed on Map/Not Displayed— allows you to control if a saved track log
is displayed on the map page.
To display/not display a saved track log:
1. Highlight a saved track log from the Track Logs list and press ENTER. This will display
the details of the saved track log. (You may also change the name of the track log or
start a TracBack from this page.)
‘Trip Computer’ provides
readouts for the trip odometer,
trip timer, average speed and
maximum speed. Options are
provided to reset these figures.
2. Press MENU, then with Display Options highlighted, press ENTER. Choose the desired
display option and press ENTER.
Trip Computer— provides readouts for average speed, maximum speed, odometer,
trip odometer and trip timer. These readouts can be reset from the Trip Computer
Options.
To reset a trip computer readout(s):
1. Press MENU (with the Trip Computer Page displayed). An options list is displayed.
2. To reset all trip computer readouts, highlight ‘Reset All’ and press ENTER.
3. To reset a single readout item, highlight the desired option and press ENTER.
The ‘Setup’ option uses file
tabs (across the top of the
page) for quick selection/
review of unit settings.
74
4. To log trip time only while moving, highlight ‘Use Time Moving’ and press ENTER. If this
option is selected, ‘Use Total Time’ will appear instead. This latter option logs trip time any
time the GPS III+ is on and has a position fix.
NOTE: The ‘Reset Trip’ option resets trip odometer, trip timer and average speed readouts.
Setup— provides a group of pages to perform various system setup functions,
including selection of position format, units of measure, setting various alarms,
configuring the display orientation and backlighting. Each available page is denoted by
a ‘file tab’ which identifies the function of that page.
To select a Setup option, highlight the file tab for the desired function.
The information is automatically displayed when the file tab is highlighted.
The file tab headings and setup functions for these pages are:
Simulator
System
Units
Timers
Time
Alarms
Position
Interface
Enable/Disable; Settings for simulated Track, Speed
and Altitude
Backlight timeout, Battery type, Power Saver Mode
and Display Orientation
Units of measure settings for – Distance & Speed,
Heading and Altitude
Count up/down User Timer, Battery Timer, and
usage timers for current day and since new
Formats for local 24 hour, local 12 hour (AM/PM) or
UTC; Difference setting from UTC to local time
Alarm Clock, Arrival Alarm, Off Course Alarm
Position Format (latitude/longitude, UTM/UPS,
Maidenhead, regional grids); Map Datum selection
Format (NMEA, RTCM, GARMIN proprietary);
Mode setting for use with PC or a second unit
The following pages describe, in more detail, the available settings for each
Setup file tab item.
REFERENCE
Setup Menu
To display the desired
information, highlight the
appropriate file tab (using
the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the
rocker keypad).
Once the desired tab is selected, use the UP/ DOWN keys
on the rocker keypad to select
the desired item on the page.
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REFERENCE
Simulator Settings
Setup Menu: Simulator
Mode lets you turn the built-in simulator on or off.
To enable/disable the built-in simulator:
1. Highlight the ‘Mode’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select ‘Simulator Off’ or ‘Simulator On’ (as desired) and press ENTER.
Speed lets you select a simulated speed when the simulator is enabled.
‘Simulator’ allows you to
configure the built-in
simulator feature.
Track Control allows the built-in simulator to automatically align track heading to the
desired course (when using a GOTO or route), or allows you to manually adjust the
track heading, as desired.
Track allows you to manually enter a track heading. This setting is only available when
Track Control is set to ‘User Track’.
Altitude allows you to specify a user-defined altitude for your simulated position.
To select a simulator setting:
1. For track control, highlight the ‘Track Control’ field and press ENTER. Select ‘Auto Track’ or
‘User Track’ and press ENTER.
The ‘Track Control’ setting
allows the simulator to
automatically “line up” on
the correct bearing to a
destination waypoint.
76
2. For simulated speed, user track, or altitude, highlight the desired field and press ENTER. Enter
the desired value using the rocker keypad and press ENTER when finished.
System Settings
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: System
Backlight lets you keep the screen/keypad backlighting on continuously (‘always on’)
when selected, or enable the automatic shutoff to preserve battery life. Automatic shutoff
times from 15 seconds to 4 minutes (since last key press) are available.
To set the backlight timeout:
1. Highlight the ‘Backlight’ field and press ENTER.
2. To keep backlighting on continuously, select ‘Always On’ and press ENTER, OR
3. To set a timeout duration, select the desired time period and press ENTER.
Battery is used to designate the type of batteries currently being used to power your GPS
III+: Alkaline, Lithium or NiCad. This setting ensures accurate readings from the battery
gauge on the Satellite Status Page (see page 27).
Set the ‘Backlight’ field to
‘Always On’ to prevent the
backlighting from timing out
and turning off automatically.
Power Saver is suitable for most applications and offers position updates which adapt to
your needs while extending battery life. The GPS III+ will operate up to 36 hours when
using Power Saver mode.
To select power saver mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Power Saver’ field and press ENTER.
2. Use the UP/DOWN keys on the ROCKER KEYPAD to select ‘ON’ (or ‘OFF’) and press ENTER.
Display allows you set the display orientation to horizontal (‘Landscape’) or vertical
(‘Portrait’).
H
Display orientation is adjustable by pressing and holding
the PAGE key, or from the
‘System’ settings.
NOTE: Display orientation can also be changed by pressing and holding the PAGE key.
77
REFERENCE
Units Settings
Setup Menu: Units
Distance & Speed lets you select the desired units of measure for distance and speed
readouts in ‘Nautical’, ‘Statute’ or ‘Metric’ terms.
Select nautical, statute or
metric units of measure from
the ‘Units’ settings.
Heading lets you select the reference used in calculating heading information. You can
select from ‘Auto Mag Var’, ‘True’, ‘Grid’ and ‘User Mag Var’. ‘Auto Mag Var’ provides
magnetic north heading references which are automatically determined from your current
position. ‘True’ provides headings based upon a true north reference. ‘Grid’ provides
headings based on a grid north reference (and is used in conjunction with the grid
position formats described on page 82). ‘User Mag Var’ allows you to specify the magnetic
variation at your current position and provides magnetic north heading references based
upon the variation you enter.
Altitude lets you select altitude readouts in ‘Feet’ or ‘Meters’.
To select a units setting:
1. Highlight the desired field and press ENTER to display the available options.
2. Select the desired option and press ENTER.
3. If ‘User Mag Var’ is selected in the ‘Heading’ field, highlight the heading reference field (immediately to the right) and press ENTER. Enter the magnetic variation at your current position using
the rocker keypad and press ENTER.
The ‘User Mag’ option allows
you to define the magnetic
variation for your area. ‘Auto
Mag Var’ is the preferred setting in most cases.
78
I
WARNING: If ‘User Mag Var’ is selected, you must periodically update the magnetic
variation as your position changes. Using this setting, the GPS III+ will not automatically
calculate and update the magnetic variation at your present position. Failure to update
this setting may result in substantial differences between the information displayed on
your GPS III+ and external references, such as a magnetic compass.
Timers Settings
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Timers
User Timer lets you select a count up or count down timer. For a count down timer you
may also specify the count down duration.
To select a user timer setting:
1. For a count down timer, highlight the ‘User Timer’ field in the right-hand column, press ENTER and
enter the count duration using the rocker keypad. Press ENTER to accept., then—with the left-hand
column highlighted—press ENTER to view the User Timer options. Select ‘Down’ and press ENTER.
2. For a count up timer, highlight the ‘User Timer’ field in the left-hand column, press ENTER and
select ‘Up’. Press ENTER to confirm.
3. To reset the timer or turn the timer off, highlight the ‘User Timer’ field in the left-hand column,
press ENTER and select ‘Reset’ or ‘Off’ (as appropriate). Press ENTER to confirm.
The ‘User Timer’ option provides both count up and count
down timers.
Battery Timer provides a running count of how long the GPS III+ has been in operation
with the current batteries. The timer automatically stops when using an external power
source. The timer will automatically reset when depleted batteries are replaced, but can
also be manually reset.
To select a battery timer setting:
1. Highlight the ‘Battery Timer’ field in the left-hand column and press ENTER.
2. Select ‘Off’, ‘On’ or ‘Reset’ (as appropriate) and press ENTER.
Since Midnight provides a running count of how long the GPS III+ has been in operation
since midnight of the current day.
Since Factory Reset provides a running count of total GPS III+ operating time since the
receiver was shipped from the factory.
The battery timer will automatically reset when depleted
batteries are replaced with a
fresh set.
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REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Time
Time Settings
Time Format allows current time to be displayed using a 12- or 24- hour clock. This
field is also used to select between local and UTC time readouts.
To select a time format:
1. Highlight the ‘Time Format’ field and press ENTER to display the available options.
2. Select ‘Local 24hr’ or ‘Local 12hr’ to display local time references. ‘Local 12hr’ will show current
time using a traditional AM/PM format, OR
Enter an offset amount to
adjust the time display to
your local area. In the United
States, all offset amounts will
be ‘Behind UTC’.
3. Select ‘UTC’ to display universal time references (also referred to as ‘Greenwich’ or ‘zulu’ time).
Local Time Zone is used to define the current local time. UTC (also called Greenwich
time) date and time are calculated directly from the satellites’ signals and cannot be
edited. If you prefer to use local time, you may designate an offset, either ‘Behind UTC’ or
‘Ahead of UTC’. The offset is the difference, in hours and minutes, between local time and
UTC time. See the table on page 97 for time offsets.
To enter the local time zone:
1. Highlight the ‘Local Time Zone’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired offset amount (in hours and minutes) using the rocker keypad and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the offset direction field (immediately to the right) and press ENTER.
If you’re unsure of the exact
offset, select a ‘Local’ time
format, then enter offset
values until you arrive at the
correct local time.
80
4. Select ‘Behind UTC’ or ‘Ahead of UTC’ (as appropriate) and press ENTER.
Time displays the current time based on the settings made above and information
provided by the satellites received.
Date displays the current date based on the settings made above and information
provided by the satellites received.
Alarms Settings
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Alarms
Clock Alarm uses the internal clock to provide an ‘Alarm Clock’ message at the time
you set.
To enable/disable the alarm clock:
1. Highlight the ‘Clock Alarm’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ (as desired) and press ENTER.
3. If enabling the alarm, highlight the time field (to the immediate right) and press ENTER. Enter the
alarm time using the rocker keypad and press ENTER.
H
NOTE: The GPS III+ must be turned on when the alarm time is reached. Otherwise, the
message will not occur.
An ‘Approaching’ message
automatically appears one
minute before reaching the
destination waypoint. The
arrival alarm allows you to set
a distance-defined message.
Arrival Alarm provides an alarm message once you’re within a set distance from your
destination waypoint. As you approach the destination waypoint, an ‘Arrival at ____’
message occurs when you are within the alarm distance you entered.
Off Course Alarm provides an alarm message (‘Off Course Alarm’) when you deviate off
course beyond the specified limits.
To set the arrival and/or off course alarms:
1. Highlight the ‘Arrival Alarm’ or ‘Off Course Alarm’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ (as desired) and press ENTER.
3. If enabling the alarm, highlight the alarm distance field (to the immediate right) and press ENTER.
Enter the alarm distance using the rocker keypad and press ENTER.
The ‘Off Course Alarm’ provides an alert if you drift off
course beyond the limits you
have set.
81
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Position
Only the latitude/longitude,
UTM/UPS and Maidenhead
settings apply worldwide. The
additional grid settings are
only valid for a specific region.
Position Settings
Position Format is used to change the coordinate system in which a given position
reading is displayed. The default format is latitude and longitude in degrees and minutes
(hddd°mm.mmm’). The following additional formats are available:
• hddd.ddddd° — latitude/longitude in decimal degrees only
• hddd°mm’ss.s” — latitude/longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds
• UTM/UPS — Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal Polar Stereographic grids
• MGRS — Military Grid Reference System
• British Grid
• German Grid
• Irish Grid
• Maidenhead
• New Zealand
• Swedish Grid
• Swiss Grid
• Taiwan Grid
• User UTM Grid
• Loran TD (See following page.)
Map Datum allows you to select the datum reference used to determine where a given
position is. The default setting is ‘WGS 84’. Although over 100 datums are available (as
listed on page 92-94), you should only change the datum if you are using a map or
chart that specifies a different datum. Make sure the settings under the ‘Position’ tab
of the III+ match that of the map or chart. This information should be displayed
somewhere on the map or chart. If the information is not present, contact the map
or chart maker to determine what position format, datum, heading and units of
measure are being used for the map or chart.
Datums are used to describe
geographic positions for surveying, mapping, and navigation
and are not actual maps built
in the unit. Use WGS 84 unless
your chart specifies otherwise.
82
WARNING: Selecting the wrong map datum can result in substantial position errors.
When in doubt, seek assistance or use the default WGS 84 datum for best overall
performance.
To change the position format and/or map datum:
1. Highlight the ‘Position Format’ or ‘Map Datum’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired setting (using the rocker keypad) and press ENTER.
LORAN TD Feature
The LORAN TD (Time Delay) feature eases the transition from using LORAN to using GPS.
The III+ unit automatically converts GPS coordinates to LORAN TDs for those who have a
collection of LORAN fixes for favorite fishing spots and other waypoints recorded as TDs. You
can display your position as a TD or enter waypoints as TDs. The accuracy to be expected
from this conversion is approximately thirty meters. When the unit is placed in the LORAN
TD format mode, it simulates the operation of a LORAN receiver. Position coordinates may
be displayed as TDs, and all navigation functions may be used as if the unit was actually
receiving LORAN signals.
Using the LORAN TD Format
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Loran TD
Loran TD Setup Page
When creating new waypoints using LORAN TD coordinates you must set the correct
LORAN chain number and secondary stations in the Setup TD field before storing the waypoint.
After the waypoint is stored in unit memory, it will always reference the LORAN chain number
and secondary stations currently selected in the Setup TD field. If you enter a different LORAN
chain number, change the secondary stations or offsets in the Setup TD field, the active waypoint
information will reflect those changes. Since the III+ does not rely on the LORAN signal for
navigation, it can reference a different GRI chain and/or secondary stations and still navigate
to the location stored in memory.
The LORAN Position Format field is located under the Position tab in the Main Menu. The
‘LORAN TD Setup’ window contains the fields where the Loran GRI-Chain Number, Primary &
Secondary Stations and TD Offsets are selected.
To setup Loran TD from the Main Menu:
1. With the Position Format set to 'Loran TD', press MENU
Selecting the Loran Chain
Number
2. Highlight ‘Setup Loran TD’, press ENTER/MARK
3. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the field, press ENTER/MARK,
select/enter the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
4. When done, highlight 'Save' and press ENTER/MARK.
83
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: Interface
Interface Settings
Format lets you control the input/output format used when connecting your GPS III+ to
external NMEA devices, a DGPS beacon receiver, a personal computer, etc. Five format
settings are available:
• GARMIN — the proprietary format used to upload/download MapSource data,
exchange waypoint, route, track log data with a PC or with another GPS III+.
• GRMN DGPS — used to connect the III+ with a GARMIN DGPS beacon receiver
• NMEA — supports the input/output of standard NMEA 0183 version 2.0 data.
The ‘GARMIN’ option allows
the GPS III+ to exchange data
with a PC or another GPS
III+. Use this setting with the
optional PC Software Kit.
• None — provides no interfacing capabilities.
• RTCM/NMEA — allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM
format and also provides NMEA 0183 version 2.0 output.
• RTCM/Text — allows DGPS input using a standard RTCM format and also
provides simple text (ASCII) output which contains time, position and velocity data.
• Text Out — outputs simple text (ASCII) which contains time, position and velocity.
To select an input/output format:
1. Highlight the 'Format’ field and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired setting and press ENTER.
Select the ‘Text Out’ option
to output simple text (ASCII).
For additional details on
this format, please visit the
GARMIN web site.
84
3. If the ‘GARMIN’ format is selected, highlight the ‘Transfer Mode’ field and press ENTER. Select
the desired setting and press ENTER. The ‘Transfer Mode’ field allows you to specify what information to request or send to a second GARMIN GPS III+. The ‘Host’ setting lets you control all data
transfer functions from the second GPS III or from a PC. Set to 'Host' when using the III+ with
MapSource.
4. If an ‘RTCM’ format is selected, additional fields are provided to control a GARMIN differential
beacon receiver (e.g. GBR 21/23) directly from your GPS III+. The unit will automatically scan for a
frequency, or you can manually enter the beacon frequency and bit rate. For more information, refer
to the owner’s manual for your GARMIN differential beacon receiver.
To have the unit automatically scan for a frequency:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM/NMEA’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the 'Tuning Mode' field and press ENTER/MARK.
REFERENCE
Setup Menu: DGPS
2. Highlight ‘Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK. The numbers in the 'Beacon' field will change
as the unit scans from 284 kHz to 325 kHz, 200 bit rate, then 100, at 6-second intervals.
To restart the scan:
1. Press MENU, highlight ‘Restart Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To manually enter a frequency and bit rate:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM/NMEA’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the 'Beacon' field and press ENTER/MARK.
The III+ can automatically
tune the GARMIN GBR 21 or
GBR 23.
2. Highlight ‘User’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the 'Beacon' or 'Bit Rate' field, press ENTER/MARK, then enter a frequency or
bit rate and press ENTER/MARK when done.
The “Status” field will show one of the following:
• Tuning— unit is attempting to tune to the specified frequency and bit rate.
• Scanning— unit is automatically scanning through the frequencies and bit rates.
• Receiving— unit is receiving DGPS signal and ready for operation.
• Check Wiring— unit is not making connection with DGPS receiver.
When the unit is receiving a DGPS signal, the “SNR” (Signal to Noise Ratio) and “Distance”
fields will show data. The SNR range is 0dB to 30dB, with 30 being the best. The Distance may or
may not show data, depending upon the signal being broadcast from the DGPS site.
The DGPS beacon transmitters are operated by the U.S. Coast Guard (or similar government
agency in other countries), which is responsible for their accuracy and maintenance. For DGPS
transmitter problems or to find the most updated list of frequencies & coverage areas, contact your
local USCG, or see their web site at http://www.navcen.uscg.mil/.
Press MENU to restart the
scan. 'View Beacon Log'
allows you to view the last 5
valid frequencies. To use a frequency from the list, highlight
it and press ENTER/MARK.
85
APPENDIX A
The GPS III+ can be mounted on the dashboard of an automobile or to another
convenient surface using the two Velcro™ strips provided with the unit. Be sure to
read the warnings on page ii before mounting the GPS in a vehicle!
To mount the GPS III+ using the Velcro strips:
Dashboard Mounting
1. Select a location for the unit that provides a clear and unobstructed view of
the sky.
2. Remove the paper strip liners from both
pieces of Velcro.
3. Make sure the surface to which you’re
adhering the Velcro is clean and dry.
Place the adhesive side of the rough
piece of Velcro on the desired mounting
surface, and press into place.
4. Place the adhesive side of the smooth
piece of Velcro on the bottom of the unit (between the rubber anti-skid bumps), and press into place.
5. Mount the unit, placing one piece of Velcro on top of the other.
Optional Dash Mounting Bracket
An optional dash mount bracket is also available for your GPS III+.
This bracket allows you to adjust the GPS III+ for best viewing angle,
while installed on the dash of a vehicle. The dash mount bracket may
be permanently installed or temporarily mounted using supplied Velcro
86 fasteners.
APPENDIX B
The GPS III+ is constructed of high-quality materials and should not require user
maintenance. Should you ever encounter a problem with your unit, please contact your
Specifications
GARMIN dealer or GARMIN Customer Service. The GPS III+ has no user-serviceable
parts. Never attempt any repairs yourself, as this may cause injury or void your warranty.
To protect your GPS III+, keep it in its carrying case (optional accessory) when not in
use, and never allow gasoline or other solvents to come into contact with the case. To clean the case and lens, use a soft
cloth and a household window cleaner.
PHYSICAL
PERFORMANCE
Case:
Fully-gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy,
waterproof to IPX7 standards
Size:
6.15”H x 2”W x 1.23”D (15.6 x 5.1 x 1.23 cm)
Weight: Approx. 9 ounces (255g) w/ batteries
Receiver: Differential-ready PhaseTrac12™
Acquisition Time: Approx. 15 seconds (warm start)
Approx. 45 seconds (EZinit/cold start)
Approx. 5 minutes (AutoLocate™)
Temperature Range: 5 to 158ºF (-15º to 70ºC)†
Update Rate: 1/second, continuous
Memory Back Up: Internal Lithium Battery
Position Accuracy: 3-5 meters (10-16 ft) with DGPS
corrections, 95% typical*
POWER
Input:
Four 1.5-volt AA batteries† or 10-32 VDC external
<15 meters (49 ft) RMS, 95% typical**
Power Consumption: 0.5 watts max.
Velocity Accuracy: 0.1 knot RMS steady state
Battery Life: Up to 36 hours in Power Saver mode ‡
Dynamics: Performs to specification to 6 g’s
Interfaces: NMEA 183, RTCM (for DGPS corrections) and
RS-232 for PC interface
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Antenna: Detachable with standard BNC connector
* With optional GARMIN Differential Beacon Receiver Input (such as GARMIN GBR 21 or GBR 23).
** Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DoD-imposed Selective Availability Program.
† The temperature rating for the GPS III+ may exceed the usable range of some batteries. Alkaline batteries can rupture at high temperatures.
‡ Alkaline batteries lose a significant amount of their capacity as temperature decreases. Use lithium batteries when operating the GPS III+ in
below freezing conditions. Extensive use of screen backlighting will significantly reduce battery life.
87
APPENDIX C
Interfacing / Wiring
H
Complete information concerning
NMEA & RTCM formats and
sentences is available for purchase
from NMEA at:
NMEA
PO Box 3435
New Bern, NC 28564-3435
U.S.A.
252-638-2626
252-638-4885 FAX
www.nmea.org
Radio Technical Commission For
Maritime Services (RTCM)
1800 Diagonal Road, Suite 600
Alexandria, VA 22314-2480
U.S.A.
703-684-4481 (Info Only)
703-836-4229 FAX
www.rtcm.org
88
Interfacing formats are selected from the Setup Menu, described on page 84. The input/output
lines on your GPS III+ are RS-232 compatible allowing easy interface to a wide range of external
devices, including PCs, differential beacon receivers, marine autopilots and/or a second GPS
receiver.
The NMEA 0183 version 2.0 interface format is supported by the GPS III+ and enables the
unit to drive up to three NMEA devices:
NMEA 0183 version 2.0 Approved sentences:
GPGGA, GPGLL, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPRTE, GPWPL, GPBOD
Proprietary sentences:
PGRME (estimated error), PGRMM (map datum), PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon receiver
control)
DGPS (Differential GPS) corrections are accepted in RTCM SC-104 version 2.0 format through
the Data In line. A GARMIN Differential Beacon Receiver (such as the GBR 21 or GBR 23) is
recommended for use with the GPS III+. Other beacon receivers with the correct RTCM format may
be used, but may not correctly display status or allow tuning control from the GPS unit.
The GPS III+ may be hard-wired to a
vehicle’s electrical system (10-32 VDC) using
an optional Power/Data Cable. Consult the
(-) Ground
diagram to the left for proper connections.
(The male connector on the back of the GPS
III+ is illustrated.) A cigarette lighter adapter
is also available to power your GPS III+
without making permanent connections.
Additional cables are available for the
GPS III+. Contact your GARMIN dealer or
visit the GARMIN web site (www.garmin.com)
for additional accessories.
Data In
Data Out
(+) Power
GPS III+ Connections (from back of unit)
APPENDIX D
The GPS III+’s antenna may be removed to allow attachment of an optional
Antenna / Remote Mounting
remote-mounted antenna. In some applications, using a remote-mounted antenna
will dramatically increase the number of satellites received. The GPS antenna should
be mounted in a location which provides an unobstructed view of much of the
sky. A minimum of four satellites are needed to determine a three dimensional position. Satellite coverage will vary
throughout the day, but may be checked at any time using the Satellite Status Page (see page 25). If satellite reception is
limited in your particular installation, you may want to consider one of the following options:
Remote Suction Cup Mount – allows you to mount the standard detachable antenna up to 6 feet away from the
GPS III+ unit, using a suction cup mount. This mount should only be used inside a vehicle.
GA 26C Remote Antenna – allows you to mount an amplified antenna outside the vehicle, up to 8 feet away, using
supplied magnetic or suction cup mounts. An optional extension cable allows you to mount the antenna up to 16
feet away. Trunk lip and permanent flange mounts are also available.
GA 29 Remote Marine Antenna - allows you to mount an amplified antenna outside the vehicle, up to 30 feet
away, using a standard 1-inch marine antenna mount (not supplied). An optional extension cable allows you to
mount the antenna up to 60 feet away.
To remove the attached antenna:
1. Rotate the antenna toward the rear of the unit as shown. Note: The
antenna can only be removed or installed in this position.
2. Pull the antenna gently away from the unit.
3. To install an optional external antenna, mate the BNC connector
notches with the mounting posts and turn the knurled knob onequarter turn clockwise.
89
APPENDIX E
Messages
The GPS III+ uses an on-screen message indicator to alert you to important
information. Whenever the message appears, press ENTER to acknowledge the message and return to the previous page you were viewing. Messages are provided for
system status, waypoint/route editing, battery condition, etc. For your safety, pay
careful attention to all messages.
Alarm Clock—The alarm clock time that was set from
the Alarms submenu has been reached.
Approaching—You are one minute away from reaching
a destination waypoint.
Arrival at—You have reached your destination
waypoint.
Battery Power Low—The batteries are low and should
be replaced.
Data Transfer Complete—The unit has finished
uploading or downloading information to the connected
device.
Degraded Accuracy—The unit’s accuracy has been
degraded beyond 500 meters due to poor satellite geometry or data quality. Check other navigational sources to
verify the position indicated.
Leg not Smoothed—The upcoming route leg is too
short for smooth waypoint transitions.
Memory Battery Power Low—The battery that sustains user memory is low and should be replaced by an
authorized service center as soon as possible. Failure to
do so may result in loss of stored data, including all
90 user waypoints and routes.
Need Altitude for 2D Nav—The unit needs altitude
input in order to start and/or continue 2D navigation.
Need to Select Init Method—You must select an initialization method so the unit can locate satellites and
obtain a fix.
No Differential GPS Position—Not enough data is
available to compute a DGPS position.
No RTCM Input—Beacon receiver is improperly connected or baud rates do not match.
Off Course Alarm—You are left or right of course,
beyond the limits set on the Alarms submenu.
Oscillator Needs Adjustment—The GPS III+ has
detected excessive drift in its internal crystal oscillator
which may result in longer acquisition time. The unit
should be taken to an authorized GARMIN service center.
Poor GPS Coverage—The unit cannot acquire the necessary number of satellites to compute a position. Try
another location with a clearer view of the sky.
Power Down and Re-init—The unit cannot calculate a
position due to abnormal satellite conditions. Turn power
off and use other means to verify the last position shown.
Try the unit again later, possibly in a different location.
RAM Failed—The GPS III+ has detected a failure in its
internal memory. If the message persists, the GPS III+ is
unusable and should be taken to an authorized GARMIN
service center.
Received Invalid Waypoint—A waypoint was received
during upload transfer that has an invalid identifier.
Receiver Failed—A failure in receiver hardware has
been detected. If this message persists, do not use the
unit and take it to an authorized dealer for repair.
ROM Failed—The permanent memory has failed and
the unit is not operable. Take your unit to an authorized
GARMIN dealer for repairs.
Route Already Exists—You have attempted to name
a route with the same name currently in use with an
existing route. Enter a different name for the route.
Route Full—You have attempted to add more than 30
waypoints to a route.
Route Memory Full—Route memory is full and no
additional routes can be added from another GPS III+ or
uploaded from a PC.
Route Waypoint Deleted—The waypoint being deleted
was part of a route. The deleted waypoint is removed
from waypoint memory and from the route.
RTCM Input Failed—DGPS data being received has
been lost. You are no longer receiving the beacon signal.
APPENDIX E
Searching the Sky—
Messages
The GPS III+ is in
searching the sky for
almanac data or the unit is in AutoLocate mode.
Steep Turn Ahead—This message appears approximately one minute prior to a turn that requires a bank angle
in excess of 25 degrees in order to stay on course.
Stored Data Lost—All waypoints, routes, time, and
almanac data have been lost due to battery failure, or the
receiver’s memory has been cleared.
Timer Expired—The countdown timer has expired.
Track Log Already Exist—The name selected for the
track log is identical to another track log already stored
in memory.
Track Memory Full—You have used all track log points
in the GPS III+. (The unit holds approximately 1900
points in the active track log.) Delete unwanted track
points to make room for new entries.
Using Simulator for Faster Data Transfer—While
using the PC Software Kit or the MapSource program,
simulator mode is automatically selected to enable a
higher data transfer rate.
Waypoint Memory Full—You have used all 500
waypoints in the GPS III+. Delete unwanted waypoints to
make room for new entries.
Waypoint Already Exists—The name you are enter91
ing already exists in the GPS III+’s memory.
APPENDIX F
Map Datums
The following are the map datums available for the GPS III+. Menu Page
abbreviations are listed first, followed by the corresponding map datum name and
area. The default map datum for the GPS III+ is WGS 84.
Adindan
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan
Cape Canavrl
Cape Canaveral- Florida, Bahama Islands
Afgooye
Afgooye- Somalia
Carthage
Carthage- Tunisia
AIN EL ABD ‘70
AIN EL ANBD 1970- Bahrain Island, Saudi
Arabia
CH-1903
CH 1903- Switzerland
Chatham 1971
Chatham 1971- Chatham Island (New Zealand)
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos Isl.
Chua Astro
Chua Astro- Paraguay
ARC 1950
ARC 1950- Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Corrego Alegr
Corrego Algre-Brazil
Djakarta
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra Island (Indonesia)
ARC 1960
ARC 1960- Kenya, Tanzania
Dos 1968
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Ascension Island ‘58- Ascension Island
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Astro B4 Sorol
Astro B4 Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
Easter Isld 67
Easter Island 1967
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
European 1950
Astro Dos 71/4
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astr Stn ‘52
Astronomic Stn ‘52- Marcus Island
European 1950- Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,
Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
European 1979
European 1979- Austria, Finland, Netherlands,
Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
Finland Hayfrd
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base
Gandajika Base- Republic of Maldives
Astrln Geod ‘66
Australian Geod ‘66- Australia, Tasmania Island
Astrln Geod ‘84
Australian Geod ‘84- Australia, Tasmania Island
Bellevue (IGN)
Efate and Erromango Islands
Bermuda 1957
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda Islands
Bogata Observ
Bogata Obsrvatry- Colombia
Campo Inchspe
Campo Inchauspe- Argentina
Canton Ast ‘66
Canton Astro 1966- Phoenix Islands
Cape
Cape- South Africa
92
Geod Datm ‘49
Geodetic Datum ‘49- New Zealand
Guam 1963
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Gux 1 Astro
Gux 1 Astro- Guadalcanal Island
Hjorsey 1955
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Hong Kong ‘63
Hong Kong ‘63- Hong Kong
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Hu-Tzu-Shan- Taiwan
APPENDIX F
Map Datums
Indian Bngldsh
Indian- Bangladesh, India, Nepal
Indian Thailand
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
NAD27 Canal Zone North Am. 1927- Canal Zone
Indonesia ‘74
Indonesia 1974- Indonesia
NAD27 Caribbn
Ireland 1965
Ireland 1965- Ireland
ISTS 073 Astro
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69- Diego Garcia
North American 1927- Caribbean (Barbados,
Caicos Islands, Cuba, Dom. Rep., Grand Cayman,
Jamaica, Leeward and Turks Islands)
Johnston Island
Johnston Island Kandawala- Sri Lanka
NAD27 Central
Kerguelen Islnd
Kerguelen Island
North American 1927- Central America (Belize,
Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua)
Kertau 1948
Kertau 1948- West Malaysia, Singapore
L. C. 5 Astro
Cayman Brac Island
NAD27 CONUS
North Am. 1927- Mean Value
Liberia 1964
Liberia 1964- Liberia
NAD27 Cuba
North American 1927- Cuba
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon- Mindanao Island
NAD27 Grnland
Luzon Philippine
Luzon- Philippines
(excluding Mindanao Island)
North American 1927- Greenland
(Hayes Peninsula)
NAD27 Mexico
N. American 1927- Mexico
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
NAD27 San Sal
North American 1927- San Salvador Island
Marco Astro
Marco Astro- Salvage Island
NAD83
Massawa
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
North American 1983- Alaska, Canada, Central
America, CONUS, Mexico
Merchich
Merchich- Morocco
Mahe 1971
Midway Ast ‘61
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Minna
Minna- Nigeria
NAD27 Alaska
North American 1927- Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
North American 1927- Bahamas
(excluding San Salvador Island)
NAD27 Canada
North American 1927- Canada and
Newfoundland
Nhrwn Masirah
Nahrwn- Masirah Island (Oman)
Nhrwn Saudi A
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Nhrwn United A
Nahrwn- United Arab Emirates
Naparima BWI
Naparima BWI- Trinidad and Tobago
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Observatorio 1966- Corvo and Flores Islands
(Azores)
Old Egyptian
Old Egyptian- Egypt
93
APPENDIX F
Map Datums
Old Hawaiian
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman
Oman- Oman
Ord Srvy GB
Old Survey Grt Britn- England, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl., Wales
Sth Amrcn ‘69
South American ‘69- Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil,
Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay,
Peru, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago
South Asia
South Asia- Singapore
SE Base
Southeast Base- Porto Santo
and Madiera Islands
Pico De Las Nv
Canary Islands
Ptcairn Ast ‘67
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn Isl.
SW Base
Prov S Am ‘56
Prov So Amricn ‘56- Bolivia, Chile,Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
Southwest Base- Faial, Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge
and Terceira Islands (Azores)
Timbalai 1948
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and E. Malaysia (Sarawak
and Sabah)
Prov S Chln ‘63
Prov So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands
Tokyo
Tokyo- Japan, Korea, Okinawa
Qatar National
Qatar National- Qatar
Tristan Ast ‘68
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan da Cunha
Qornoq
Qornoq- South Greenland
Viti Levu 1916
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/ Fiji Islands
Reunion
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Wake-Eniwetok
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall Isl.
Rome 1940
Rome 1940- Sardinia Island
WGS 72
World Geodetic System 1972
RT 90
Sweden
WGS 84
World Geodetic System 1984
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo Island
Zanderij
Zanderij-Surinam
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel, Santa Maria Islands
(Azores)
User
User defined datum
Santo (Dos)
Sao Braz
Sapper Hill ‘43
Sapper Hill 1943- East Falkland Island
Schwarzeck
Schwarzeck- Namibia
94
The ‘User’ datum is based on a WGS-84-Local datum and is an
advanced feature for unlisted or custom datums. Check your local
library or on the world wide web for educational materials on
datums and coordinate systems.
Altitude—Height above mean sea level (MSL).
Avg Speed—The average of all second-by-second speed readings since
last reset.
Bearing (BRG)—The compass direction from your present position to
a destination waypoint.
Course—The desired course between the active ‘from’ and ‘to’
waypoints.
Distance (Dist)—The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a
destination waypoint.
Dist to Dest—The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a
GOTO destination, or the final waypoint in a route.
Dist to Next—The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a
GOTO destination, or the next waypoint in a route.
ETA—Estimate Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach your
destination waypoint, based on current speed and track.
ETA at Dest—The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination, or
the final waypoint in a route.
ETA at Next—The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination,
or the next waypoint in a route.
Fuel—The fuel required to travel from present position to the indicated
route waypoint.
Leg Dist—The distance between two route waypoints.
Leg Fuel—The fuel required to travel from a route waypoint to the next
waypoint (in sequence) in the route.
Leg Time—The time
required to travel from a
route waypoint to the next
waypoint (in sequence) in the route.
APPENDIX G
Navigation Terms
Max Speed—The maximum second-by-second speed recorded since last
reset.
Odometer—A running tally of distance travelled, based upon the distance between second-by-second position readings. Both the ‘Odometer’
and ‘Trip Odometer’ are resettable, however the ‘Odometer’ is typically
used to keep track of total distance covered, where the ‘Trip Odometer’ is
used to keep track of shorter point-to-point distances.
Off Course—The distance you are off a desired course in either direction, left or right. Also referred to as ‘cross-track error’ or ‘course error’.
Ref—Reference Waypoint. Used to created a new waypoint, by specifying
a bearing and distance from an existing (reference) waypoint.
Speed—The current velocity at which you are travelling, relative to a
ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground speed’.
Time To—The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or
the next waypoint in a route. Also referred to as ‘estimated time enroute’.
Time to Dest—The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the final waypoint in a route.
Time to Next—The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the next waypoint in a route.
95
APPENDIX G
WPT 2
Navigation Terms
NORTH
To Course—The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce
course error or stay on course. Provides the most efficient heading to get
back to the desired course and proceed along your route.
Cou
tanc
e
rse
Dis
Track—The direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also
referred to as ‘ground track’.
Trip Odometer—A running tally of distance travelled since last reset.
Also see ‘Odometer’.
Bearing
Co
ur
se
Turn—The angle difference between the bearing to your destination and
your current track. ‘L’ indicates you should turn left, ‘R’ indicates you
should turn right. The degrees indicate the angle you are off course.
VMG—Velocity Made Good. The speed you are closing in on a destination along a desired course. Also referred to as the ‘vector velocity’ to
your destination.
Er
ro
r
E
CL
HI
E
V
WPT 1
96
Track
d
ee
Sp
The chart below gives an approximate UTC (Universal Time Coordinate) time offset for the
various longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you are in
daylight savings time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
W180.0º to W172.5º
-12
E007.5º to E022.5º
+1
W172.5º to W157.5º
-11
E022.5º to E037.5º
+2
W157.5º to W142.5º
-10
E037.5º to E052.5º
+3
W142.5º to W127.5º
-9
E052.5º to E067.5º
+4
W127.5º to W112.5º
-8
E067.5º to E082.5º
+5
W112.5º to W097.5º
-7
E082.5º to E097.5º
+6
W097.5º to W082.5º
-6
E097.5º to E112.5º
+7
W082.5º to W067.5º
-5
E112.5º to E127.5º
+8
W067.5º to W052.5º
-4
E127.5º to E142.5º
+9
W052.5º to W037.5º
-3
E142.5º to E157.5º
+10
W037.5º to W022.5º
-2
E157.5º to E172.5º
+11
W022.5º to W007.5º
-1
E172.5º to E180.0º
+12
W007.5º to E007.5º
0
APPENDIX H
Time Offsets
H
A simple way to determine your local
time offset is how many hours you are
behind or ahead of UTC (also called
‘Greenwich’ or ‘zulu’ time).
Example: EST (Eastern Standard
Time) is 5 hours behind UTC, so your
offset would be -5. Adding one hour
for daylight savings would make EDT
(Eastern Daylight Time) - 4. Subtract
an hour for each time zone as you
travel west.
Offsets for Continental U.S. would be:
EST -5
EDT -4
CST -6 CDT -5
MST -7
MDT -6
PST -8
PDT -7
97
APPENDIX I
Index
A
Accuracy Circle . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Active Route Options . . . . . . 41,67-68
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . .16,66
Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,81
Almanac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Altitude Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Antenna, Removing . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Arrival Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,81
Arrow, panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
AutoLocateTM Mode . . . . . . . . . . .6,29
Automatic Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Autotune(DGPS) . . . . . . . . . . . .84-85
AutoZoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Averaging Positions . . . . . . . 31,47,52
Average Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
B
Backlight Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,77
Backlighting On/Off . . . . . . . . . .30,77
Battery Installation/Replacement . . . 3
Battery Level Indicator . . . . . . 3,27,77
98
Battery Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27,77
Beacon Receiver Setup . . . . . . . .84-85
Bearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Bearing Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . 11,23,43
Big Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11,44
C
Cancel GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16,57
Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Cities, on Map . . . . . . 10,20,33,39-42
Cities, Nearest . . . . . . 15,38-39,53-54
Cities, Spell ‘n Find . . . . . . . . . .69-71
Common Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Compass Page . . . . . . . . . . . 11,23,45
Compass Page Options . . . . . . . . . . 46
Compass Ring . . . . . . . . . . . 11,23,45
Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25,30
Course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Cursor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
D
Data Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Date and Time Setup . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Detail, Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
DGPS Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84-85
Differential GPS (DGPS) . . . . 26,84-85
Dilution of Precision (DOP) . . . . . . 28
Display Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
E
Enter/Mark Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Estimated Position Error (EPE) . . . 28
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) . . 95
Exit Services . . . . . . . . . . .35,38-40,54
Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35,38-40,53-54
Exits, Nearest . . . . . . . . . 38-40,53-54
F
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
File Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41,53,74
Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
G
Geo Points . . . . . . . . . 15,38-41,53-54
GOTO Function . . . . . 15,21,34,55-56
Cancelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16,57
From List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
From Map Display . . . . . . . . . . 15
Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Nearest Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . 55
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56-57
GPS Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
H
Heading Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Highlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Highway Display . . . . . . . . . 12,24,43
Highway Page . . . . . . . . . . . . 12,24,43
Highway Page Options . . . . . . . . . . 44
Highway Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35,52
"How To" Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
I
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-6,27,29
Installation, antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Installation, wiring . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
IN Zoom Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Interface Formats . . . . . . . . . 73,81,84
Interface Settings . . . . . . . . . 73.81.84
Interstate Highway Exits . . . . . . . . 35
K
Keypad Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
L
Lakes, on Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39-40
Lat/Long Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39-40
Leg Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Leg Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Leg Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Loran TD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82-83
M
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13,67
Main Page Sequence . . . . . . . . . . .7,18
Manual Tune(DGPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Map Datum List . . . . . . . . . . . . .88-90
Map Datum Selection . . . . . . . . .73,80
Map Detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Map Orientation . . . . . . . .10,19,39-40
Map Page . . . . . . . . . . . . .10,19,33-34
Map Page Options . . . . . . . . . . .37-40
Map Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,19,33
Map Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39-40
MapSource Data . . . . . 37,39,42,84,91
Mark Position Page . . . . . . . . 14,22,45
Marking a Position . . . . . .14,22,45-46
Maximum Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Measuring Between Waypoints . . . . 38
Menu Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86-87
MGRS Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
APPENDIX I
Index
MOB Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53,55
Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
N
Navigation Basics . . . . . . . . . . . .91-92
Navigation Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Nearest Cities . . . . . . . 15,38-41,51-52
Nearest Exits . . . . . . . 15,38-41,51-52
Nearest Geo Points . . . 15,38-41,51-52
Nearest Location Options . . . . . . . . 52
Nearest Locations List . . . . . . . .51,64
Nearest To Pointer . . . . . . . . . . .38-39
Nearest Waypoints . . . 15,38-41,51-52
NMEA Output Formats . . . . . . . . . 84
O
Off Course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79,91
Offset, local time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Orientation, map . . . . . . . . . . . .10,19
Orientation, screen . . . . . . . . . . . .1,75
OUT Zoom Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Output Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
99
APPENDIX I
Index
P
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Page Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Page Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7,18
Panning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20,33-34
Pointer Arrow . . . . . . . . . .11,12,23-24
Position Averaging . . . . . . . . 31,47,52
Position Format . . . . . . . . . . . 9,75,82
Position Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9,30
Position Page Options . . . . . . . .31-32
Power Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2,7
Power Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Power On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17
Power Saver Mode . . . . . . . . . . .75,77
Q
Quit Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2,7
R
Railroads, on Map . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Receiver Status . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,26-27
Reference Waypoints . . . 48-49,70-71
Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
100
Rivers, on Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Roads, on Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Rocker Keypad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55,60-68
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . .66-67
Activating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62,65
Copying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60,65
Creating From Map . . . . . . . . . 61
Deactivating . . . . . . . . . . . . .62,68
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65,68
Deleting All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Editing Routes . . . . . . . . 63-64,68
Inverting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Naming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65-68
Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64,67
Route Plan Page . . . . . . . . . .63-64
S
Satellite Status Page . . . . . . . . . . .8,25
Satellite Status Page Options . . .28-29
Screen Backlighting . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Screen Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . .25,30
Screen Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . .1,77
Scrolling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Services, at Exit . . . . . . . . . . 35,53-54
Setup Options . . . . . . . . . . . 13,74-85
Sign Posts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Signal Strength Bars . . . . . . . . . . .8,25
Simulator Mode . . . . . 17-18,28,75-76
Simulator Tour . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17-24
Sky View Display . . . . . . . . . . 8,25,28
SNR(DGPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Special Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Spell ‘n Find . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50,69-70
Street/Road Labels . . . . . . . . . . .41-42
Submenus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,77
T
Text Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Time Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Time Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,80
Timers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75,79
Topo Information . . . . 15,37,41,53-54
TracBack Navigation . . 55,58-59,71-72
Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Track Compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9,12
Track Logs . . . . . . . . . . . 58-59, 71-74
Clearing Active . . . . . . . . . . .58,72
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Deleting All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Displaying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Naming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72-73
Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . 58,71-73
Saving Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Track Log Setup . . . . . . . .41,58,71-73
Trip Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9,74
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,74,96
Trip Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64,67
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Turn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
2D Altitude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
U
Unit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Units of Measure . . . . . . . . . 13,75,78
User Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
User Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
UTC time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
UTM Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
V
Velocity Made Good (VMG) . . . . . . 96
W
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . .14,47-52,69
Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Create By Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Create On Map . . . . . . . . . . .20,48
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50,52
Deleting All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Deleting by Symbol . . . . . . . . . 50
Display Options . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Edit Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50-51
List Options . . . . . . . . . . . . .49-50
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14,47
Naming . . . . . . . . . . . .14,20,47-48
Nearest . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52,55,71
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Waypoints
Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . 49,70,95
Renaming . . . . . . . . . . . . 14,22,51
Reviewing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34,50
Sign Posts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
APPENDIX I
Index
Symbols . . . . . . . . 14,19,22,50-51
Waypoint Edit Page . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Waypoint List Options . . . . . . . . . . 49
Waypoint List Page . . . . . . . . . . .48,69
Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .covers,v,88
Welcome Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5,17
Wiring Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Z
Zoom In/Out 10,19,33,36,39,41-42,45
Zoom Keys . . . . . . . . . . 2,19,39,45,70
101
®
© 1999-2001 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc., 1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ UK
GARMIN Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00162-00 Rev. B
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