Owner`s manual | Garmin GPSMAP 130 GPS Receiver User Manual

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OWNER’S MANUAL
AND REFERENCE
TM
GPSMAP
130
®
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Page i
INTRODUCTION
Foreword
Software Version 2.22 or above
Internal Database Version 2.01 © Navionics Corporation
G-chartTM cartridge data is copyrighted by Navionics Corporation and GARMIN
International and may not be copied or used for any other purpose without permission.
© 1996 GARMIN International
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, USA
GARMIN (Europe) LTD
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9AQ, UK
GARMIN TM , GPSMAP TM , G-chart TM ,
AutoLocateTM, TracBackTM and PhaseTrac12TM
are trademarks of GARMIN International and
may only be used with permission. All rights
are reserved.
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form or by any means, electronic or manual, including photocopying and
recording, for any purpose without the express written permission of GARMIN.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. GARMIN
reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the
content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or
improvements.
April 1996
Part #190-00106-00 Rev. B
Printed in Taiwan.
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Page ii
INTRODUCTION
Cautions
CAUTION!
The GARMIN GPSMAP 130 has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever encounter a
problem with your unit, please take it to an
authorized GARMIN dealer for repairs.
The GPSMAP 130 is sealed and filled with dry
nitrogen. Any attempt to open the case to
change or modify the unit in any way will void
your warranty and may result in permanent
damage to the equipment.
CAUTION
The GPS system is operated by the United States government, which is solely
responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes
which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Although
the GARMIN GPSMAP 130 is a precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any
NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
Use the GPSMAP 130 at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe operation,
carefully review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and thoroughly
practice operation using the simulator mode prior to actual use. When in actual use,
carefully compare indications from the GPSMAP 130 to all available navigation
sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc.
For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
NOTE: This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by relocating
the equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit. Consult an authorized dealer or other qualified technician for additional help if these remedies do not
correct the problem.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for class B digital devices.
Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
The GPSMAP 130 contains no user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be
made by an authorized service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could
void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15
regulations.
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INTRODUCTION
Designed for detailed electronic charting and simple operation, the GARMIN
GPSMAP 130 is a powerful navigation device that can help guide you in waterways around the world:
Precision Performance
• High-contrast LCD screen
• PhaseTrac12TM receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites simultaneously
for fast, accurate positioning
• Differential-Ready— just add the optional GBR 21 beacon receiver for better
than 10-meter accuracy
• Waterproof, dry nitrogen-filled case for use in exposed locations
Advanced Navigating and Plotting
• 250 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons and comments
• Built-in worldwide database usable from 4096 to 64 nm scales
• 20 reversible routes with up to 30 waypoints each
• G-chartTM electronic charting with inland and offshore coverage
• On-screen point-to-point distance and bearing calculations
• TracBackTM route feature which allows you to quickly retrace your track log to
a starting position
• Built-in simulator mode
Capabilities
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INTRODUCTION
Warranty
LIMITED WARRANTY
GARMIN warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN International, Inc. will at
its sole option, repair or replace any components which fail in normal use. Such
repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor.
The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty
does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or
repairs. GARMIN International, Inc. assumes no responsibility for special, incidental, punitive or consequential damages, or loss of use.
The warranties and remedies contained herein are exclusive, and in lieu of all
other warranties expressed or implied, including any liability arising under warranty
of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose, statutory or otherwise. This
warranty gives you specific legal rights, which may vary from state to state.
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service department for a
returned merchandise tracking number. The unit should be securely packaged with
the tracking number clearly marked on the outside of the package, and sent freight
prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service station. A copy of the original
sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. GARMIN
retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software at its sole discretion.
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Preface
INTRODUCTION
Preface
Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced marine navigation systems available! The GARMIN GPSMAP 130 combines the proven performance of
GARMIN GPS with powerful G-Chart electronic charting for detailed cartography
and plotting wherever you cruise.
To get the most out of your new navigation system, take the time to go through
this operator’s manual and learn the operating procedures for your unit. This manual is broken down into two sections for your convenience.
Part One introduces you to the GPSMAP 130 and provides a getting started
section so that you may become more familiar with the unit. This part will provide
you with a basic working knowledge necessary to use the unit to it’s fullest potential.
Part Two is divided into sections that provide detailed references to the
advanced features and operations of the GPSMAP 130. This allows you to concentrate on a specific topic quickly, without reading through entire portions of text
that you may not need. This section can be used to look up further information
about the GPSMAP 130.
WARNING!
The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is
designed to facilitate the use of authorized government charts, not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain
all information needed for the safety of navigation–and, as always, the user is responsible for
their prudent use.
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INTRODUCTION
Packing List
Before installing and getting started with your unit, please check to see that
your package includes the following items. If any parts are missing, please see
your GARMIN dealer immediately.
Standard Package:
• GPSMAP 130 Unit
• External Antenna and 30’ cable
• Power/Data Cable
• Mounting Bracket
• Owner’s Manual
• Quick Reference Card
Optional Accessories:
• G-chart Electronic Chart Cartridges
• PC Kit
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Foreword ...............................................................................................................i
Cautions ...............................................................................................................ii
Capabilities/Warranty .....................................................................................iii-iv
GETTING STARTED
Preface/Packing List..........................................................................................v-vi
Table of Contents
Table of Contents/Keypad Usage ..................................................................vii-viii
Initializing the Receiver/Getting Started..........................................................1-16
Section 1: GPSMAP Status Page ....................................................................17-19
Satellite and receiver status, entering initial positions
Section 2: Position Page.................................................................................20-21
Position Page description and uses
Section 3: Map Page.......................................................................................22-29
Map Page description, modes, scales, and options
Section 4: Navigation Page ...........................................................................30-32
Navigation Page use and options
Section 5: Main Menu Page ................................................................................33
Viewing the main menu page and selecting submenus
Section 6: Waypoints ....................................................................................34-42
Creating, using, and editing waypoints
Section 7: GOTO/MOB/TracBack Functions..................................................43-46
Going to a destination and using GOTO options/TracBack routes
Section 8: Routes ...........................................................................................47-54
Creating, editing and using routes
Section 9: Setup Menus..................................................................................55-64
System & navigation setup; timers, alarms & track log
Section 10: Using G-chart cartridges .............................................................65-66
Inserting, removing and using electronic chart cartridges
APPENDICES
Appendix A:
GPSMAP 130 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67-69
Appendix B:
Wiring & Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70-71
Appendix C:
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72-73
Appendix D:
Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74-76
Appendix E:
Navigation Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77-78
Appendix F:
Time Offset Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Appendix G:
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80-82
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INTRODUCTION
Keypad Usage
The GPSMAP 130’s advanced keypad system
is designed to allow for fast, convenient selection
of navigation options and data entry.
The Getting Started Tour will introduce you
to most of the keypad and provide a ‘hands-on’
lesson in using the GPSMAP 130. We strongly
encourage you to take the Getting Started tour
before using your unit for actual navigation.
The GPSMAP 130 Quick Reference Card
contains helpful tips on using the unit and performing various navigation tasks. It’s a good
idea to keep the Quick Reference Card nearby
whenever you’re navigating with your new GPS
chartplotter.
P
Turns the unit on and off and controls 3-level
screen backlighting.
J
Scrolls the main pages in sequence and returns
display from a submenu page to a main page.
M
Captures your present position and displays the
mark position window.
G
Displays the GOTO waypoint window, allowing
you to select the destination waypoint. Press
GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
graphically from the map.
O
Displays context-sensitive options window.
Press MENU twice to display main menu page.
T
Activates highlighted fields and confirms menu
options and data entry.
Q
Returns display to a previous page or restores a
data field’s previous value.
Z
Adjusts the map and highway scales up and down.
R
Controls the movement of the cursor and is used
to select options and positions, and to enter
data.
B
Marks your present GPS position and instantly
sets a return course while providing steering
guidance.
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Initializing the Receiver
GETTING STARTED
The first time you power up your new GPSMAP 130 is an important step in getting the best possible GPS performance. The receiver must be given an opportunity
to collect satellite data and establish its present position. To ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 130 is shipped from the factory in AutoLocateTM mode, which will
allow the receiver to ‘find itself’ anywhere in the world. To speed up the initialization
process, we recommend using the graphic initialization process described below,
which will usually provide a position fix in about a minute.
Initialization
Before you initialize, make sure the GPSMAP unit and antenna have been correctly
installed on your vessel according to the instructions in Appendix A.
To turn the GPSMAP 130 on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds.
The welcome page will appear while the unit conducts a self test. Once the
internal test is complete, the mariner’s warning will appear, asking you to read and
acknowledge important information regarding the proper use of electronic charts.
A
B
To acknowledge the mariner’s warning:
1. Press the T key.
A message alert and prompt will also appear to ask you to select an initialization
method.
To view a system message:
1. Press the J key.
A. The welcome page will be displayed while the
unit performs a self-test.
B. Confirm the Mariner’s Warning before starting navigation. Remember that the electronic
chart is designed as a supplement to local
government charts, not as a replacement.
2. Press the J key again to return to the previous page.
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The select initialization window will appear, with the ‘select from map’ option
highlighted.
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
1. Press T to initialize the receiver from the built-in worldwide map.
The map page will appear, prompting you to select your approximate present position with the map cursor.
1. Use the R keypad to move the map cursor to a location close to your present position. If you
have difficulty identifying your exact position, use the bottom arrow of the Z key to zoom in to a
lower map scale.
2. Press T to confirm your selection.
A
B
A. Use the arrow keypad to move the cursor to a
location close to your present position.
B. Hollow signal strength bars will appear on the
status page while the receiver collects satellite
data.
2
The GPSMAP 130 will now begin searching for the appropriate satellites for your
present position and should acquire a fix within a minute or so. While the receiver
searches for satellites, a flashing satellite icon will appear at the left-hand side of the
status bar. A signal strength bar will also appear for each satellite in view, with the
appropriate satellite number under each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is
shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars— the receiver has found the indicated satellite(s) and is
collecting data.
• Solid signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the
satellite(s) is ready for use.
Once the receiver has collected information from at least three satellites, the flashing
satellite icon on the status bar will glow steadily, and the GPSMAP 130 is ready
for use.
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GPSMAP 130 Getting Started Tour
The GARMIN GPSMAP 130 is a powerful electronic charting/navigating system
that provides detailed chart coverage and convenient control of many advanced
features right from the map display. This tour is designed to take you through the
basic pages and functions of the system using the simulator mode. Once you’re
familiar with the main pages and functions of the unit, refer to the reference section for instructions on performing specific tasks and functions.
The Getting Started tour assumes that the receiver has been properly installed
and initialized, and you have not changed any of the default unit settings. If you
have changed any settings (position formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions and pictures in the tour may not match your configuration.
GETTING STARTED
Power On/Screen Contrast
To turn the GPSMAP 130 on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds. The welcome page will appear
while the unit conducts a self test.
2. Once the self test is complete, press the T key to acknowledge the mariner’s warning.
The satellite status page will appear, and the receiver will begin to acquire satellites. From the status page, you may also quickly adjust the screen contrast and
backlighting.
To adjust the screen contrast:
1. To increase the screen contrast, press the right arrow of the R keypad.
2. To decrease the screen contrast, press the left arrow of the R keypad.
3. Press the T key to finish.
A
B
A. The screen contrast may be adjusted from the
status page by pressing the ARROW KEYPAD.
Press EDIT/ENTER to confirm changes.
B. Whenever the screen backlighting is on, a bulb icon
will appear in the status bar at the bottom of
every GPSMAP 130 page.
The GPSMAP 130’s three-level screen backlighting is controlled with P key,
and may be adjusted at any time from any page.
To turn on and adjust the backlighting:
1. Press the P repeatedly until the backlighting is at the desired level (off, 1, 2, or 3).
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Status Field
GETTING STARTED
Status Page/Simulator Mode
Satellite
Sky View
Horizontal Accuracy
Dilution of Precision
Signal Strength
Indicators
Status Bar
The GPSMAP 130’s status page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition and receiver status, with a signal strength bar graph and a satellite sky view in
the center of the page. Each page of the GPSMAP 130’s system also features an
options page, which gives you access to other functions and features that relate to
the specific page you are viewing. To get a feel for how the options pages work,
lets put the GPSMAP 130 into simulator mode.
A
B
A. To start the simulator, confirm the simulator
warning. Simulator mode should never be used
for actual navigation.
B. Whenever the GPSMAP 130 is in simulator
mode, a ‘Setup Simulator?’ and an ‘Exit
Simulator?’ option will appear on the options
page.
4
To place the GPSMAP 130 in simulator mode:
1. From the status page, press the O key. The options page will appear, displaying a menu
of options and functions for the status page.
2. Use the UP or DOWN arrow of the R keypad to highlight the ‘Start Simulator?’ option and
press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the simulator warning.
Once the simulator has been started, the status field at the top of the page will
display a ‘Simulating Navigation’ status, and you’re ready to continue the rest of
the tour. Keep in mind that the GPSMAP 130 does not track satellites in simulator
mode, and should never be used for actual navigation. All the waypoint and route
planning done in simulator mode will still be retained in memory for future use.
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GETTING STARTED
Page Sequence/Position Page
The satellite status page is one of four main pages used in the GPSMAP 130’s
system. All four pages are linked together in a simple chain, which allows you to
scroll through the pages in either direction using the J and Q keys. To continue the tour, let’s move on to the next page, the position page.
Graphic
Compass
To scroll to the next page in sequence:
Data
Fields
1. Press the J key.
The GPSMAP 130’s position page shows where you are, what direction you’re
heading and how fast you’re going. The compass at the top of the page indicates
the direction you’re moving. The four user-selectable data fields below the compass tape show your current course and speed over ground, along with a resettable
trip odometer and altitude display. Your current latitude and longitude, along with
a 12/24-hour clock, appear at the bottom of the page.
Now that you’ve seen how the status and position pages can be used to monitor
satellite acquisition and your present position, let’s take a minute to learn how to
mark and store our present position as a waypoint. (Since we’re in simulator
mode, the present position displayed will be the last position calculated by the
receiver, which should be the spot where you’ve initialized the unit.) This will also
give you an opportunity to see how the GPSMAP 130’s R keypad and T key
are used for data entry.
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
Status Bar
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To mark your present position:
GETTING STARTED
Marking A Postion
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit
waypoint name and symbol.
2. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint name field (001) and press T.
3. Press the LEFT ARROW of the R keypad to clear the name field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter the name ‘DOCK’, using the UP and DOWN arrows to select
each letter, and the RIGHT arrow key to advance to the next character position. If you
make a mistake and select an incorrect character, simply use the LEFT arrow key of the
R keypad to backspace the cursor and correct the entry.
A
B
A. The mark position page will automatically assign
a default three-digit name for each waypoint,
which can be changed at any time to an alphanumeric name containing up to six-characters.
B. A complete set of waypoint symbols allows you to
mark inland and offshore waypoints with a custom icon for fast waypoint recognition.
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5. Press T to confirm the name.
6. The field highlight will advance to the symbol field. Press T to access the waypoint
symbol page.
7. Use the R keypad to highlight the ANCHOR symbol.
8. Press T to confirm the symbol.
9. Press T again to confirm the ‘DONE?’ prompt and save the waypoint.
The waypoint is now stored in memory. Note that waypoints may also be created graphically from the map display and by manually entering position coordinates. Both of these techniques are described in the reference section of the manual and/or on your GPSMAP 130 quick reference guide. To continue our tour, let’s
move on to the map page.
1. Press the J key.
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The GPSMAP 130’s map page combines digital chartplotting with a user-selectable display of navigation data and a built-in worldwide database to 64 nm. It
will also be the page you use most to create and edit waypoints and routes. Before
we take off on our practice route, let’s take a brief look at its various features and
displays.
GETTING STARTED
Map Page
Data
Fields
Boat
Icon
Map
Scale
A
The map display, located in the middle of the page, shows your boat as a triangle marker on an electronically generated chart, along with geographic names,
markers and buoys that are provided by the G-chart cartridge you’re currently
using. It also displays your track, routes and nearby waypoints. An on-screen
cursor lets you pan to other map areas, determine the range and bearing to a
position, and perform various waypoint and route functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable
display of various navigation data, including course, speed over ground, and the
bearing and distance to the cursor or a particular waypoint. The status bar, located
at the bottom of the page, displays the current map scale setting, as well as the status information described on page 17.
B
A. To select an on-screen waypoint, simply move the
cursor over the desired waypoint. The
waypoint/navaid name and position, along with the
bearing and distance from your present position,
will be displayed.
B. The map page can also be configured to display
additional data fields and a graphic course deviation scale or compass. See page 26 for more on map
options.
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Using the Map Cursor
GETTING STARTED
Using the Map Cursor
Working from the map page is a simple process that centers around the use of the
cursor. Controlled by the R keypad, the cursor is an important tool that can be
used to pan to other map locations, mark and edit waypoints and routes, and review
position data of on-screen navaids and waypoints.
To get a feel for using the map page and using the cursor, try the following exercise:
1. Use the DOWN arrow of the Z key to set the map scale to the 64 nm setting. Your boat
should be near the center of the map, at the receiver’s last known position (if your boat
isn’t where it should be, make sure that you have initialized the receiver and acquired a
position as described on pages 1-2).
2. Use the DOWN arrow of the R keypad to move the cursor down to the first lat/lon grid
south of your boat’s position.
A
B
A. Whenever the cursor is active, the bearing and
distance of the cursor from your present position
will appear in a pop-up data window.
B. To remove the cursor and recenter your vessel on
the map, press the QUIT key.
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3. Using the R keypad to move the cursor, try following the outline of the lat/lon grid closest
to your boat. Notice how another data field appears at the top of the page, showing the
bearing and distance from your boat to the cursor, along with the lat/lon of the cursor.
4. Press the Q key to remove the cursor and recenter your boat on the map display.
As you become more familiar with the cursor, you’ll see that the map display
actively scrolls or ‘pans’, letting you explore areas around the world (even outside of
your current G-chartTM coverage) and create waypoints and routes. Wherever you
move the cursor, you’ll always be just one Q keystroke away from returning the
map to your present position.
Now that you have a feel for how the cursor works, let’s move on and see how the
GPSMAP 130 works on the water. To help you practice using the map page and
other features, we’ve stored a practice route in the receiver’s permanent memory, so
you can see exactly what you’ll experience when you’re navigating with your new
GPS chartplotter.
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Going to a Destination
GPS is all about marking positions as waypoints and navigating to them using
the receiver’s steering guidance and map displays. We’ve already seen how to use
the M key to store our present position, so it’s time to move on to the fun
part— going to a destination. The G key, located on the left side of the keypad
above the Q key, is the primary tool used to select a destination waypoint or a
route to navigate. The G key can be used in three primary ways:
GETTING STARTED
Using the GOTO key
• Pressing G once displays a list of all waypoints in memory, from which
you can select a single destination waypoint.
• Pressing G followed by the O key provides a list of GOTO options
that lets you start a TracBackTM route, select a destination waypoint from
the nearest waypoints list, select a stored route to navigate, or cancel the
current GOTO destination.
• Pressing G twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint,
navaid or cursor position as a destination directly from the map display.
For our simulated trip, we’re going to select the preprogrammed tour route (the
second method), which will automatically place our vessel at the first route waypoint. This will also give us an idea of how the O key is used throughout the
GPSMAP 130 system to provide context-sensitive options and functions. Let’s give
it a try by activating the practice route stored in memory for navigation:
1. Press G. The waypoint list page will appear (if we were selecting a single waypoint
to navigate to rather than a route, we would highlight the waypoint and press T).
2. Press O to display the context-sensitive options available for the GOTO function.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘Select Route?’ option. Press T to confirm.
A
B
A. Pressing GOTO once displays a list of all waypoints
stored in memory. To pick a destination, select the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. The GOTO options page allows you to either start a
TracBack route back home, select a destination
from the nearest waypoints list, or select a route
to navigate.
4. The select route page will appear, with the ‘GPSMAP TOUR’ route highlighted.
5. Press T. The map page will reappear and display five waypoints chained together in
a simple route, with your boat at the first route waypoint.
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GETTING STARTED
Simulator Setup/Map Scales
A data field at the top of the page will now display the bearing and distance to
the second route waypoint. To get started, let’s enter a speed for our vessel, which
we can do from the ‘Setup Simulator?’ listing on the options page. The setup simulator page is also available from any other page in the main page sequence.
To enter a boat speed:
1. Press the O key to display the map options page.
2. Use the R keypad to select the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option and press T.
3. Once the setup simulator page appears, press T to access the SOG field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter a speed of 60 knots.
5. Press T to finish, and J to return to the map display.
Once a speed has been entered, you’ll notice that the map will begin to move
slowly, keeping your boat centered on the display. To get a better view of what’s
going on, zoom in to a closer map scale.
1. Press the DOWN arrow of the Z key to select the 16 nm scale.
A
B
A. To enter a boat speed or define the simulated
course, highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option
and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Enter a boat speed of 60 knots to begin the tour.
This will allow you to complete the Getting
Started tour in 10-15 minutes.
10
You’ll now have a clearer picture of the route we are navigating, along with an
outline-only presentation of the surrounding shoreline. Because the usable range
of the built-in database is only valid to 64 nm scale, we no longer have full cartography available. Keep in mind that whenever you do exceed the usable range of
the built-in database or the G-chart cartridge in use, the range field will display
‘OVR ZM’ or ‘NO MAP’ to indicate that you should exercise extreme caution using
the cartography data. See page 25 and 66 for more information on map scales and
using G-chart detailed cartography.
Now that we’re zoomed in a little closer to our route, we can pan ahead of our
vessel with the cursor to review and create on-screen waypoints and navaids. Try
moving the cursor to select the ‘TOUR3’ waypoint— just use the R keypad to
move the cursor as close as possible to the waypoint (to move the cursor in small
increments, try a series of short key presses).
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Once the cursor is over the TOUR3 waypoint, you’ll notice that the waypoint
symbol and name will become highlighted, and the data field at the top of the
page will display the waypoint name, the range and bearing from your present
position, and the coordinates for the waypoint.
GETTING STARTED
Reviewing & Creating
Waypoints on the Map
To review the waypoint page for a selected waypoint:
1. Press the T key.
2. To return to the map page, press T again.
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints right from the map
display.
To create a new waypoint using the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor as close as possible to the following position:
N 35º 02.129’; W 076º 26.106’ (use the data window to verify the cursor position).
2. Press the T key to capture the cursor position.
3. Use the R key to highlight the waypoint symbol field.
4. Press T to access the symbol page.
5. Press the DOWN arrow of the R keypad twice to select the wreck symbol.
6. Press T to confirm, and T again to finish.
A
B
A. Waypoints can be created from the map display by
moving the cursor to the desired position and pressing the EDIT/ENTER key.
B. The create new waypoint page will automatically
assign the next available three-digit number as the
default waypoint name. If you are creating a
waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the navaid icon
and name will be used as the default symbol and
comment.
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Page 12
GETTING STARTED
Navigation Page
Now that we’re navigating to an actual destination, let’s move on to the next
page of the GPSMAP 130 system, the navigation page:
1. Press the J key.
Graphic
Compass
Data
Fields
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
A
B
A. In this example, our boat is off course to the left
by about 1/16th of a mile (the base of the highway map is equal to the scale selected at the bottom right of the page). To get back on course,
steer right.
B. In this example, our boat is off course to the right.
To get back on course, steer left. A digital readout
of your exact crosstrack error can be displayed in
any of the six data fields (see page 29).
12
CDI
Scale
The navigation page provides graphic steering guidance to your destination.
The bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to the destination, with your current
course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG), are displayed at the top of the
page, along with a graphic compass to indicate your cardinal heading. The estimated time enroute (ETE) and velocity made good (VMG, or the rate you are
closing in on your destination) are displayed at the bottom of the page.
As you head toward the destination, the middle section of the page gives you
visual guidance to your waypoint on a graphic highway, which displays the
route and nearby waypoints on screen. The moving arrow below the highway
always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you’re moving.
The line down the center of the highway represents your desired track, while the
bottom of the page provides a graphic indication of your crosstrack error (the
distance and direction you are off course) according to the scale at the bottom
right of the page.
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Page 13
Whenever the GPSMAP 130 is in simulator mode, you can adjust your speed
and course from the navigation page using the R keypad. As you head toward
each waypoint in the tour route, try adjusting your boat speed and course to get a
feel for how the highway works.
GETTING STARTED
Using the Navigation Page
To adjust the simulated boat speed:
1. Press the UP arrow of the R keypad to increase the speed in 5 knot/kph/mph increments. Press the DOWN arrow to decrease the speed in the same increments.
To steer the boat:
1. Press the LEFT and RIGHT arrows of the R keypad.
Notice that as you get off course, the highway and waypoint pointer move to
give you graphic guidance to get back on course. The base of the highway display
also serves as a graphic course deviation indicator (CDI), relative to the scale setting shown at the bottom right of the page. The scale setting represents the total
distance (or the width) of the base of the highway display. The default CDI/graphic highway setting is 1/4 nm, but can be set for a 1/2-, 1-, 2- or 4-nm range.
To change the CDI scale/highway display:
1. Press the Z key in either direction (up to increase, down to decrease the scale).
The navigation page data fields may also be configured to display any of ten different navigation values. Let’s change the VMG field to crosstrack error to provide
a digital readout of the distance we’re off course.
To change a data field:
A
B
A. To reset the simulator to steer the desired course
automatically, select the ‘Auto COG’ setting from
the options page.
B. The CDI scale perspective can be set to a 1/4-, 1/2-,
1-, 2-, or 4-nm/mi/km range with the ZOOM keys.
1. Press the O key to display the position page options.
2. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T. The field highlight will now
appear in the top-left data field (the BRG field).
3. Use the R keypad to move the field highlight to the VMG field and press T.
4. Highlight the ‘XTE’ option and press T, and press Q to finish.
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Page 14
GETTING STARTED
Active Route/Main Menu Page
Now that you’ve seen the four main pages, let’s review the active route page,
which appears in the main page sequence whenever you are navigating a route:
1. Press the J key.
The active route page shows each waypoint of the active route in sequence, with
the waypoint name, distance and estimated time enroute to each waypoint displayed. As you navigate the route, the active route list will be automatically updated, indicating the next destination waypoint.
The active route page also provides quick access to many route activation, editing and copying functions you’ll use most often, like inverting and deactivating
the active route. Let’s go ahead and deactivate the active route.
To deactivate the active route and stop navigation:
1. Press the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Deactivate Route?’ option.
3. Press T to confirm.
A
B
To reset the boat speed to zero:
1. Press the O key.
A. To stop navigating the active route, select the
“Deactivate Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
2. Highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option.
B. Use the left arrow key to clear the SOG field and
press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
5. Press the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the speed entry.
3. Press T.
4. Press T to access the SOG field.
6. Press T.
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Page 15
As you’ve seen, the GPSMAP 130’s main pages provide vital status, position,
navigation and map information. The last page we’ll cover in the tour is the main
menu page, which provides access to the GPSMAP 130’s waypoint, route and
planning functions, as well as various operational and navigation setup features.
The main menu is available from any page, and is accessed through the O key.
GETTING STARTED
Track Submenu
Clearing the Track Log
To access the main menu page:
1. Press the O key twice.
The main menu page’s 11 submenus are divided into categories by function.
You can select a particular submenu by simply highlighting the desired option and
pressing T. To get a feel for how the main menu page works, let’s clear out the
track log we’ve created during our simulated tour. This will ensure that you have a
clean slate once you start navigating in your home waters.
To select the track submenu:
1. Highlight the ‘Track’ menu option and press T.
The track log page allows you to specify whether to record a track plot and
define how it is recorded. It also provides both an indicator of the total memory
used and the individual functions to clear the track log and start a TracBack route.
To delete the track log:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Track’ option and press T. A confirmation page will appear.
2. Highlight the ‘Yes’ prompt and press T to confirm.
3. Press J to return to the main page sequence.
Congratulations! You’ve now gone through the basic operation of the GARMIN
GPSMAP 130. Your new digital chartplotter is a powerful tool with many
advanced features not covered in the Getting Started tour. For detailed instructions on using these features or performing a specific task, please refer to the
quick reference guide or the appropriate reference section of this manual.
A
B
A. The GPSMAP 130’s track page lets you clear the
track log and start a TracBack route.
B. To delete the track log, confirm the warning page
by highlighting the ‘YES’ prompt and pressing
EDIT/ENTER.
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Page 16
GETTING STARTED
Power Off
To turn the GPSMAP 130 off:
1. Press and hold the P key for about 3 seconds, until the screen is blank.
Thank you for choosing the GARMIN GPSMAP 130 navigation system. We hope
that it will be a useful tool for you wherever you travel.
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Page 17
Status Page
STATUS PAGE
Status Field
Overview
Satellite
Sky View
SECTION
1
Horizontal Accuracy
Signal Strength
Indicators
Dilution of Precision
Status Bar
The GPSMAP 130 status page provides a visual reference of various receiver
functions, including current satellite coverage, receiver operating mode and current receiver accuracy. The status information will give you an idea of what the
receiver is doing at any given moment.
The sky view and signal strength bars give you an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and whether or not they are being tracked. The signal strength is shown on a bar graph for each satellite, with the satellite number
below. When a satellite is visible but not being tracked, the strength bar will not
be shown and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted.
The sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative
to the receiver’s last known position. The outer circle represents the horizon (track
up), the inner circle 45º above the horizon, and the center point a position directly
overhead. Use the sky view to determine if there are obstructions shading your
reception of GPS signals.
A
B
A. Whenever the GPSMAP 130 is searching for satellites, no signal strength bars will appear.
B. Once the receiver has found the satellite(s) indicated,
a hollow signal strength bar will appear. After satellite data has been collected, the signal strength bars
will become solid.
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SECTION
1
Page 18
STATUS PAGE
Receiver Status
Receiver Status, EPE & DOP
Receiver status is indicated at the top of the page, with the current estimated
position error (EPE) and dilution of precision (DOP) to the left of the sky view.
DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality measured on a scale of one to
ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). EPE uses DOP and
other factors to calculate a horizontal position error in feet or meters. The status
field will show one of the following conditions:
• Searching the Sky— the receiver is looking for any satellites.
• AutoLocate— the receiver is is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. This process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites— the receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites
visible at its last known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to
calculate fix.
A
B
A. The status bar at the bottom of the page displays
important status, alarm and map scale information. It also provides on-screen user and message
prompts.
B. The status bar will display an anchor symbol or
‘PRX’ icon whenever the anchor drag alarm or
proximity alarm has been triggered.
• 2D Navigation— at least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and
a 2 dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
2D mode.
• 3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and
your position is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
3D mode.
• Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D
or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to incorrect initialization or abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
• Simulating Navigation— the receiver is in simulator mode.
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Status Page Options
STATUS PAGE
Status Page Options
SECTION
1
The GPSMAP 130’s status page features a context-sensitive options page that
provides access to functions and features relating to the status page.
To display the status page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
A
B
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Initialize Position?— allows you to initialize the receiver graphically or by text.
See pages 1-2 for instructions on initialization.
• Start AutoLocate?— allows the receiver to locate your position automatically.
• Track Up/North Up SkyView?— allows you to select between a north up or
track up sky view display.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using simulator mode.
A. Whenever the GPSMAP 130 is in simulator mode,
the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option will appear on all the
main pages.
B. The setup simulator page allows you to define your
speed and course over ground, as well as your postion and altitude. The ‘Auto COG’ option will automatically steer the desired course to your destination. Your speed and course can also be selected
from the navigation page using the rocker keypad
(see page 13).
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Page 20
Position Page
SECTION
2
POSITION PAGE
Overview
Graphic
Compass
Data
Fields
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
Status Bar
The trip odometer can be reset from the position page
options window. To reset the odometer, select the
‘Reset Trip Distance?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
20
The GPSMAP 130 position page shows you where you are, what direction you
are heading and how fast you are going. The top of the page features a graphic
compass tape to indicate the direction you’re heading (while you’re moving), and
four user selectable data fields: course over ground (COG), speed over ground
(SOG), distance travelled (TRP) and altitude (ALT). The bottom half of the page
displays your present position’s coordinates, along with the time of day as calculated using GPS satellites. The status bar at the bottom of the page indicates position fix status, and is described in detail on page 18.
The units of measure for speed, distance, position and altitude are all userselectable through the navigation setup option on the main menu page. The time
of day, shown in UTC (Universal Time Coordinated, or Greenwich Mean Time)
may be set to display in a 12- or 24-hour time format (with a local offset) through
the system setup option on the main menu page.
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Position Page Options
The GPSMAP 130’s position page features a context-sensitive options page that
provides access to functions and features relating to the position page.
POSITION PAGE
Position Page Options
To display the position page options:
SECTION
2
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Reset Trip Distance?— resets the trip odometer (TRP) field to zero.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to choose the data displayed in the four userselectable data fields. Five data types are available:
• SOG— speed over ground
• COG— course over ground
• TRP— distance travelled
• ALT— altitude
• VDC— DC voltage
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the field you want to change and press
T.
3. Select the desired data field option and press T.
A
B
A. The four data fields at the top of the position page
can be changed by selecting the ‘Change Data
Fields?’ option.
B. Each data field can be set to display speed over
ground, course over ground, distance travelled, altitude or DC voltage.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all data fields to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using simulator mode.
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SECTION
3
Page 22
GPSMAP 130 Map Page
MAP PAGE
Data
Window
Overview
Boat
Icon
Map
Scale
Status
Bar
A
B
A. Use the cursor to pan ahead to other map areas.
The map display will automatically scroll forward when you reach the edge of the map.
B. To select or ‘highlight’ an on-screen navaid or
waypoint, simply move the cursor over the waypoint symbol. The cursor will ‘snap’ to the waypoint, and display its name and position in the
data field.
22
The GPSMAP 130’s map page provides a comprehensive display of electronic
cartography, plotting and navigational data. The map display shows your boat on
a digital chart, complete with geographic names, navaids, depth contours and a
host of other chart features. It also plots your track and displays any routes and
waypoints you create. An on-screen cursor lets you pan and scroll to other map
areas, determine the distance and bearing to a position, and perform various route
and waypoint functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable
display of your current course and speed over ground, along with the bearing and
distance to a destination waypoint. Whenever the cursor is active, an additional
data window will appear below to indicate the position, range and bearing to the
cursor or a selected waypoint or navaid. Each data field may be configured to display any one of ten data options. The data window may also be changed to display additional data fields, a graphic compass tape, or a CDI scale. The status bar
at the bottom of the page displays the map scale currently in use.
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Page 23
Map Modes
MAP PAGE
The map display uses the cursor keypad and a set of hard keys to control most
map display functions. The Z keys, combined with the R keypad, let you select
zoom ranges and move the cursor. Two basic map operating modes, position mode
and cursor mode, determine what cartography is shown on the map display.
Position mode pans the cartography to keep the present position marker within
the display area, while cursor mode pans the cartography to keep the cursor within the display area.
The GPSMAP system will always power up in the position mode, with your
vessel centered on the map display.
SECTION
Map Modes
3
• Whenever sufficient map coverage is not available to keep the boat centered, the
boat icon will move toward the edge of the display.
• If the boat icon attempts to go off the display, the zoom level may need to be
adjusted to keep cartography on screen.
Whenever the R keypad is pressed, the GPSMAP 130 will enter cursor mode.
In cursor mode:
• The cursor can be moved over the map display using the R keypad.
• Whenever the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the map will scroll
forward under the cursor. Keep in mind that the boat icon will move with the map
scrolling and may go off the display screen (you may not be able to see your present position).
• When the cursor is stationary, a fixed coordinate position will appear in the position field. Note that the distance and bearing will change as the boat’s position
changes.
• Whenever you zoom in cursor mode, the cursor will be centered on screen.
• To return to position mode, press the Q key.
A
B
A. Position mode on inland water cartography.
B. Cursor mode on inland water cartography.
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Page 24
Using the Cursor
SECTION
3
MAP PAGE
Using the Cursor
The cursor allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll
to other map areas around the world (even outside of your current G-chartTM coverage). As you pan past the edge of the current map display, the screen
will actively scroll forward to provide continuous map coverage.
To move the cursor:
1. Press the R keypad to move the cursor in an up, down, left or right direction.
As you move the cursor, the distance and bearing from your present position to
the cursor will be displayed in the data window, along with the cursor’s position
coordinates. Keep in mind that when the cursor is stationary, the distance and
bearing from your present position will change as your boat moves. The cursor
may also be used to ‘snap’ to on-screen waypoints and navaids, allowing you to
review a selected position directly from the map display.
To select an on-screen waypoint or navaid with the cursor:
A
B
A. To create a new waypoint at the cursor, move the
cursor to the desired position and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. The create new waypoint page will appear, where
you may change the waypoint name, symbol and
comment before saving the waypoint.
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or navaid (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in closer for a better view).
2. When a waypoint or navaid is selected, it will become highlighted on screen, with the
name and position displayed.
To eliminate the cursor and re-center your position on-screen:
1. Press the Q key.
The cursor may also be used to create new waypoints directly from the map.
To create a waypoint with the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position.
2. Press T.
24
3. Press T to confirm the new waypoint.
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Selecting Map Scales
MAP PAGE
The map display has 16 available range scales from 1/8th to 4096 n.m. (1/4 to
7500km). The map scale is controlled by the Z keys, with the current scale displayed at the bottom of the data window.
Selecting Map Scales
SECTION
3
To select a map scale:
1. Press the up Z key to zoom out and the down Z key to zoom in.
The GPSMAP 130’s system has a built-in worldwide database to 64 n.m.(see
Appendix D for a built-in coverage map), with more detailed coverage available
through the use of G-chartTM data cartridges (see Section 10 for installing and
using G-chartTM cartridges). The GPSMAP 130 will display cartography as long as
there is chart information available for the range you’ve selected. Map coverage
will conform to the following conditions:
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal database or a
G-chart data cartridge, cartography will be displayed.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal database and
a G-chart cartridge, cartography will be displayed using the data with the best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by
up to two settings, overzoom cartography will be displayed. The display
will not show any filled landmass areas, and an ‘Ovr Zm’ warning will appear
in the scale field. The lat/lon grid will also be turned on regardless of the map
configuration setting.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by more than two
settings, all cartography will be replaced by a track plot display, and a ‘No Map’ warning
will appear in the scale field. The lat/lon grid will be displayed regardless of the map configuration setting. Additional caution should be used while navigating in
track plot mode.
A
B
A. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by up to two settings, an ‘Ovr
Zm’ warning will appear in the scale field.
B. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by more than two settings, a ‘No
Map’ warning will appear in the scale field.
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Map Page Options
SECTION
3
MAP PAGE
Map Page Options
The GPSMAP 130 map page is designed to be a flexible tool that can be custom-tailored to your exact navigation needs. The map options page provides
access to many of the features and functions that will help you configure the map
page to your own preferences.
To display the map page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Maximize/Normal Map?— allows you to select between a full-screen map display
or the default map display with data window.
• Map Outlines Off/On?— allows you to specify whether coverage outlines for
G-chart cartography are displayed or not. The default setting is on.
A
B
A. The map options page provides access to all map
configuration, page display and data field
options.
B. The ‘Maximize Map?’ option will eliminate the
data fields and show full-screen cartography.
• Measure BRG/DIS?— allows you to measure the bearing and distance between
any two points on the map display.
To measure the BRG/DIS between two points:
1. Highlight the ‘Measure BRG/DIS?’ option and press T. An onscreen pointer will appear on the map display at your present position.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you
want to measure from) and press T.
3. Move the cursor to the point that you want to measure to. The bearing
and distance from the reference point will be displayed at the bottom
left of the data window.
4. Press the Q key to finish.
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• Configure the Map?— allows you to determine what chart features are displayed
on a particular map scale to prevent excessive clutter. The map configuration page
features an on/off grid with a list of chart features down the left side. The zoom
scales are displayed across the top of the grid with the chart scale currently in use
also indicated. The far-left scale setting represents all map scales 64 nm and above.
A check mark in a grid box indicates that the chart feature listed will be displayed
at the corresponding scale.
MAP PAGE
Map Configuration
SECTION
3
Individual grid boxes may be turned on and off through a popup scale window,
while entire rows may be controlled by using the map configuration options page
(accessible through the O key).
To use the map configuration grid:
1. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item and press T.
A popup window will appear with the current settings displayed.
2. Use the R keypad to highlight the scale you want to change.
3. Press T to change the on/off setting.
4. Press Q to finish.
To turn an entire row on or off:
1. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item.
A
B
A. The map configuration grid allows you to define
what items appear on the display at each map scale.
2. Press the O key.
3. Select the ‘Enable Row?’ or ‘Disable Row?’ option and press T.
The map configuration page also allows you to set the moving map display to a
North Up, Track Up or Desired Track Up orientation.
B. To turn an entire row on for the selected map item,
highlight the ‘Enable Row?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
To change the map orientation:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the Orientation field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
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SECTION
3
Page 28
MAP PAGE
Map Configuration
& Map Colors
The map configuration options page also features a map calibration function that
allows you to calibrate the map display with your exact physical surroundings or
correct data from older charts. Before using the map calibration function, check to
make sure that your map datum selected on the GPS matches the datum on the
chart you are using (see page 61). To calibrate the map display, you must know
exactly where you are, and understand that the correction is generally valid only in
a limited range from the point of correction.
Map calibration should only be performed while the vessel is not moving, and
should never be used to attempt SA corrections, which can degrade accuracy up to
330’ (100 meters). The maximum correction is 16,400 feet (5000m).
To calibrate the map:
1. Select the ‘Calibrate the Map?’ option and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to move the arrow cursor from the satellite
position (indicated by the satellite icon) to your exact position. The
bearing, distance and position will be indicated in the data window.
3. Press T to confirm the calibration offset.
A
B
A. To calibrate the map, highlight the ‘Calibrate the
Map?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. A satellite icon will remain on the map to indicate the GPS position, while the boat marker will
reflect the calibration changes.
28
CAUTION!
The map calibration function should never be
used to attempt corrections to Selective
Availability errors.
The next option available from the map configuration page is the set map colors
option, which allows you to define the fill color (grayscale) of the land and water
used on the map display. Three options are available: no color (no fills for land or
water), gray land/white water (the default setting), and white land/gray water.
To select a map colors option:
1. Select the ‘Set Map Colors?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the desired map color option and press T.
The map configuration options page also features a ‘restore defaults’ function that
can be used to quickly restore all map configuration options to the factory settings.
To restore the map configuration options to the factory defaults:
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ settings and press T.
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Page 29
• Setup Page Display?— allows you to specify the number of fields displayed in the
data window section of the map page. A graphic compass tape or CDI scale may
also be displayed. The following options are available:
• 2 Fields
• 2 Fields & CDI
• 4 Fields & Compass
• 6 Fields
• 6 Fields & CDI
MAP PAGE
Page Display
& Data Fields
• 2 Fields & Compass
• 4 Fields
• 4 Fields & CDI
• 6 Fields & Compass
• 8 Fields
SECTION
3
To select a page display option:
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired option and press T.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to specify the data displayed in each data field
used on the map display. The following options are available:
• BRG- bearing to active wpt
• SOG- speed over ground
• ETE- estimated time enroute
• XTK- crosstrack error
• TRN- turn angle to wpt
• DIS- distance to active wpt
• COG- course over ground
• ETA- estimated time of arrival
• VMG- velocity made good
• WPT- active wpt name
To change a data field:
A
B
A. The map page can be configured to display a variety of navigation data.
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the desired field and press T.
3. Select a data field option and press T.
B. Each data field can be set to display one of ten data
options.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all map page options (except map configuration
options, see pages 27-28) to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using simulator mode.
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GPSMAP 130 Navigation Page
SECTION
4
NAVIGATION PAGE
Overview
Graphic
Compass
Data
Fields
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
The navigation page can be configured to show the
active waypoint, all route waypoints and/or nearby
waypoints on the graphic highway.
30
CDI
Scale
Whenever a GOTO, MOB, TracBack or route has been activated, the GPSMAP
130 will provide digital and graphic steering guidance to the destination with the
navigation page. The top half of the nav page features four user-selectable data
fields that display the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to waypoint, along with
your current course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG). In addition, there’s a
moving compass tape to indicate the direction you’re heading. Two additional data
fields at the bottom of the page show the estimated time enroute (ETE) and velocity made good (VMG) to your destination.
The middle section of the screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a
graphic highway display. The line down the center of the highway represents
your desired track, while a graphic indication of the distance and direction you
are off course is shown on a scale at the bottom right of the page (the selected
scale represents the distance from side to side). The arrow pointer below the
highway always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you
are moving.
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NAVIGATION PAGE
CDI Scale
Nav Page Options
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective will move to
indicate your progress to the waypoint and which direction you should steer to
stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the navigation page will show each
route waypoint in sequence, with the active leg indicated by the white portion of
the highway. Nearby waypoints not in the active route will also be displayed. The
highway perspective/CDI scale may also be zoomed in or out to display a larger or
smaller view of the highway. Five settings are available from 1/4 to 4 nm, with a
default setting of 1/4 nm.
To change the highway perspective/CDI scale:
1. Press the up or down arrow of the Z key to select the desired setting.
Navigation Page Options
The GPSMAP 130’s navigation options page allows you to define the nav data
fields and select what waypoints are displayed on screen.
A
SECTION
4
B
A. To change the CDI scale perspective, press the
ZOOM keys.
B. The navigation options page lets you set up the navigation page to your own preferences.
To display the navigation page options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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SECTION
4
Page 32
NAVIGATION PAGE
Nav Page Options
The following options are available for the navigation page:
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to define the data displayed in any of the six
user-selectable data fields. Ten data options are available:
• BRG– bearing to active wpt
• SOG– speed over ground
• ETE– estimated time enroute
• XTK– crosstrack error
• TRN– turn angle to wpt
• DIS– distance to active wpt
• COG– course over ground
• ETA– estimated time of arrival
• VMG– velocity made good
• CTS– course to steer
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the field you want to change and press T.
3. Select the desired data field option and press T.
• Configure Highway?— allows you to select what waypoints are shown on the
highway display. Four options are available:
A
B
A. Ten data options are available for each data field
on the navigation page. The digital crosstrack
error option is especially useful to display the
exact distance you are off course in feet/miles or
meters.
B. To select what waypoints appear on the graphic
highway, highlight the desired setting and press
EDIT/ENTER.
32
• Nav & Nearest Waypoints— all route and nearest waypoints displayed
• Nav Waypoints— only waypoints in the active route will be displayed
• Active Waypoint— only the active waypoint will be displayed
• No Waypoints— no waypoints will be displayed
To configure the highway display:
1. Highlight the ‘Configure Highway?’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired option and press T.
• Restore Defaults?— resets all navigation page options to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while
in simulator mode. See pages 4-16 for more details on using simulator mode.
• Auto COG?— allows you to reset automatic steering while simulating navigation
and cancel any course adjustments made with the R keypad.
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Main Menu Page
The GPSMAP 130’s main menu page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation and interface management and setup menus. The main menu page
is available from any page in the GPSMAP 130’s system, and is accessed through
the O key.
MAIN MENU PAGE
Overview
A
SECTION
5
B
To access the main menu page:
1. Press O twice.
The 11 submenus are divided into categories by function.
To select a submenu from the main menu page:
1. Highlight the submenu you want to view and press T.
A. The waypoint category options on the main menu
page are described in the Waypoints section on
pages 34-42.
B. The routes category options are described on pages
47-54.
For specific instructions on using a submenu, see the waypoints, route or setup
sections of this manual.
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SECTION
6
Page 34
WAYPOINTS
Creating Waypoints/
MARK Key
Creating and Using Waypoints
The GARMIN GPSMAP 130 stores up to 250 alphanumeric waypoints with a
user-defined icon and comment available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be
created using three basic methods:
• M key– used primarily for marking your present position, the M key
also provides options that allow you to select a map or navaid position
from the map display.
• Graphically– allows you to define a new waypoint position from the map
display using the cursor.
• Text Entry– allows you to enter a new waypoint’s position coordinates
manually (from a chart, etc.) or by referencing it’s bearing and distance
from a stored waypoint or your present position.
Mark Key
A
B
A. The mark key is used primarily to mark your
present position, but it can also be used to mark
the cursor or a navaid position from the map
page.
34
B. The mark position page also allows you to add
the new waypoint to the end of any route. If
you’re heading out without a planned route, you
can create a series of waypoints along the way
with the mark key and save them to an open
storage route. When you’re ready to head back,
simply invert the route to get back (see page 51).
The GARMIN GPSMAP 130’s M key lets you quickly capture your present
position— or cursor or navaid position— in order to create a new waypoint. You
must have a valid position fix to mark your present position.
To mark your present position:
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit name
for the new waypoint.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the date and time
of creation), press T to confirm the ‘Done?’ prompt.
3. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
4. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
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WAYPOINTS
Using the MARK Key
SECTION
6
The mark key may also be used on the map page to mark the cursor position or
an on-screen navaid. To mark a navaid, select the desired navaid with the cursor.
The GPSMAP 130 will use the navaid text shown on the cartography as the default
comment.
To mark the cursor or navaid position with the M key:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired position or navaid.
2. Press the M key.
3. Highlight the ‘Use Map Posn?’ or the ‘Use NAVAID Posn?’ option and press T.
4. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the date and time of
creation), press T to confirm the ‘Done?’ prompt.
A
B
A. To create a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, move
the cursor over the desired navaid.
B. Press the MARK key and select the ‘Use Navaid
Posn?’ option. Press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
5. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
6. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
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6
Page 36
WAYPOINTS
Creating Waypoints
Graphically & By Text
Creating Waypoints Graphically
Waypoints may also be quickly created from the map display, which allows you
to ‘point and shoot’ at any map position to create a new waypoint.
To create a new waypoint graphically:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position. If you want to create
the new waypoint at an on-screen navaid, highlight the navaid on the map display.
2. Press T.
3. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment, press T. If you
are creating a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the default symbol and comment will
automatically reflect the selected navaid’s name and symbol.
4. To change the name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press T.
5. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
Creating Waypoints By Text Entry
A
B
A. Once a position has been selected graphically, the
create new waypoint page will appear. Here you
can change the waypoint name, symbol or comment before saving the waypoint.
B. To create a waypoint by text entry, start by
entering the new waypoint’s name.
Waypoints may also be created by manually entering a position’s coordinates or
referencing a stored waypoint through the ‘Create Waypoint’ submenu option on
the main menu page.
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates:
1. Press O twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Create Waypoint’ option and press T. The waypoint definition page will
appear, with the next available waypoint number and the receiver’s last known position
as the default name and position.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new waypoint name, icon, position and comment. Press
T after the last character in each section.
36
4. When you have finished entering all your waypoint data, use the R keypad to highlight
the ‘Done’ prompt and press T.
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Reference Waypoints
WAYPOINTS
A new waypoint may also be created without knowing position coordinates by
entering its range and bearing from an existing waypoint or your present position.
The GPSMAP 130 will then calculate the position coordinates for you, using the
reference selected.
Creating a Waypoint
by Reference
SECTION
6
To create a new waypoint using a reference waypoint:
1. Select the ‘Create Waypoint’ option from the main menu page and press T.
A
B
2. Enter the name, icon and comment for the new waypoint.
3. Highlight the reference waypoint field and press T.
4. Enter the name of the reference waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display. Leave the reference
field blank to use your present position.
5. Press T to begin entry of the bearing from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the bearing and press T.
A. Enter the bearing from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘BRG’ field.
B. Enter the distance from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘DIS’ field.
6. Press T to begin entry of the distance from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the distance and press T. The position for the new waypoint will
automatically be calculated.
7. Highlight the ‘Done’ prompt and press T to finish.
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Reviewing & Editing Waypoints
SECTION
6
WAYPOINTS
Reviewing &
Editing Waypoints
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be modified, reviewed,
renamed or deleted at any time through the waypoint definition page. The waypoint definition page is available for any stored waypoint by highlighting the
desired waypoint from the map display or selecting it from any waypoint list and
pressing the T key.
To access the waypoint definition page:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the desired waypoint on the map display (or any
waypoint list).
2. Press T to display the waypoint definition page.
From the waypoint definition page, you may change the waypoint symbol,
position coordinates, or the waypoint comment for the selected waypoint.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field and press T.
A
B
2. Use the R keypad to select the desired symbol and press T to confirm.
To change the position coordinates:
A. The waypoint definition page will appear whenever a waypoint is selected from the map or a
waypoint list.
B. A 20-character custom waypoint comment may
be assigned to every waypoint. The default comment is the date and time of creation.
1. Highlight the coordinates field and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to edit the coordinates and press T to confirm.
To change the waypoint comment:
1. Highlight the comment field and press T.
2. Use the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter a comment (up to 16 characters).
4. Press T to confirm.
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Page 39
Waypoint Definition Page Options
WAYPOINTS
The waypoint definition page also features an options page that allows you to
edit the selected waypoint on the map display, rename the selected waypoint or
delete the waypoint from memory.
Waypoint Definition
Page Options
SECTION
6
To display the waypoint definition page options:
1. Press the O key.
To review/edit the selected waypoint from the map display:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option and press T.
2. The selected waypoint will appear on the map display, with the waypoint name and
coordinates shown at the top of the map, along with the distance and bearing to the
waypoint from your present position.
3. To move the selected waypoint’s position, press T. A ‘MOVE’ label will now appear
under the cursor arrow.
4. Use the R keypad to move the cursor arrow to the desired position. The cursor’s coordinates, along with the distance and bearing from the waypoint’s position, will be displayed at the top of the map display.
5. Press T to set the waypoint’s new position, and Q to return to the waypoint definition page.
To rename the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Rename Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the new waypoint name and press T.
A
B
A. To review or edit a waypoint on the map display,
select the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option.
B. To move the selected waypoint, press
EDIT/ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to select the
new position, and press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
3. Press T to confirm the ‘Yes’ prompt.
To delete the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Press T to confirm.
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SECTION
6
Page 40
WAYPOINTS
Waypoint Submenus/
Nearest Waypoints
Waypoint Submenus
The GPSMAP 130’s main menu page features four waypoint submenus that let
you manage a large number of waypoints quickly and efficiently. The submenus
also provide a continuously updated nearest waypoints list and a proximity waypoint alarm function that can be used to define an alarm circle around submerged
hazards, shallow waters, etc.
To access the main menu page/waypoint submenus:
1. Press O twice.
The first waypoint submenu is the nearest waypoints list, which shows the
nine nearest waypoints that are within 100 miles of your present position. The
nearest waypoints are continuously updated to your present position, and provide
quick access to the closest points of safety in emergency situations.
To scroll through and review the nearest waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
A
B
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in either direction.
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
A. The main menu page features four waypoint
submenus.
B. The nearest waypoint list continuously updates to
show the nine nearest waypoints to your present
position.
4. To return to the waypoint list, highlight the ‘Done?’ prompt and press T.
5. The field highlight will automatically scroll to the next waypoint. If you want to review
each waypoint, you can scroll through any waypoint list by pressing the T key
repeatedly.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
1. Use the R key to select the desired GOTO waypoint.
2. Press G, followed by T.
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Page 41
Proximity Waypoints
WAYPOINTS
The proximity waypoints list lets you define an alarm circle around a stored
waypoint position, and can be used to help you avoid reefs, rocks or restricted
waters. Up to nine waypoints may be listed, with a maximum alarm radius of
99.99 nautical or statute miles or kilometers. If a proximity alarm circle overlaps
with an existing alarm circle, a ‘Proximity Overlap’ message will appear each time
the unit is turned on. If you enter an alarm circle overlap, you will only be alerted
to the closest proximity waypoint.
Proximity Waypoints
SECTION
6
To enter a proximity waypoint:
1. Highlight the Proximity Waypoint option and press T.
2. Use the R key to highlight the first blank waypoint field and press T.
3. Enter the name of the proximity waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest waypoint list, waypoint list, or map display.
4. Press T to confirm. The distance field will now be highlighted.
5. Press T to begin entry of the proximity radius.
6. Use the R keypad to enter a distance value (to 99.99 units) and press T.
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the alarms on/off field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
To remove a proximity waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be removed.
2. Press O.
3. Highlight the ‘Clear Alarm?’ field and press T.
A
B
A. Whenever you enter a proximity waypoint’s alarm
circle, a ‘PRX’ indicator will appear in the status
bar (the alarms option must be set to the ‘On’
position). Once you’ve left the alarm circle, the
proximity indicator will automatically reset.
B. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear
All?’ option from the proximity options page. Finish
the deletion by confirming the ‘Yes’ prompt.
4. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear All’ option and press T.
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Create Waypoint
SECTION
6
WAYPOINTS
Create Waypoint/
Waypoint List
The third waypoint submenu available from the main menu page is the ‘Create
Waypoint’ submenu, which allows you to create a new waypoint by manually
entering coordinates. Instructions for using the create waypoint submenu are provided on page 36.
Waypoint List
The last waypoint category available from the main menu is the waypoints list,
which displays a master list of all waypoints currently stored in memory. From the
waypoints list, you may review, edit, rename or delete individual waypoints; or
delete all user waypoints. The total number of stored and available waypoints is
displayed at the top of the waypoints page, with the stored waypoints arranged in
numerical/alphabetical order and listed in two columns in the center of the page.
To scroll through and review the waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Waypoints’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in the desired direction.
A
B
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
4. Press T to return to the list.
A. The waypoints list displays all waypoints stored
in memory in a two-column format. Temporary
waypoints created by the TracBack feature are
assigned a ‘TXXX’ name and a footprint symbol.
B. The waypoints list options page lets you delete
individual waypoints or the entire waypoint list.
To delete an individual waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press O.
2. Press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the deletion warning.
To delete the entire waypoint list:
1. Press the O key to select the options window.
2. Highlight the ‘Delete All User Wpts?’ option and press T.
42
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘YES’ prompt and press T to confirm.
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Going to a Destination
GOTO/MOB
The GPSMAP 130 provides four ways to navigate to a destination: GOTO,
MOB, TracBack and route navigation. The most basic method of selecting a
destination is the GOTO function, which lets you select a waypoint as your destination and quickly sets a direct course from your present position. The G key
can be used in three ways: from a list of waypoints, graphically from the map display and from a list of GOTO options. Pressing the G key once displays a list of
all waypoints in memory, from which you can select a single destination waypoint.
Selecting a
GOTO Destination
SECTION
7
To activate a GOTO from the waypoint list:
1. Press the G key.
2. Select a waypoint and press T.
Selecting a GOTO Graphically
Pressing the G key twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint, navaid or cursor position as a destination. A graphical GOTO may be used
to select one of three options from the map display: an existing waypoint, an onscreen navaid, or a cursor position. If you are selecting a navaid or a new position
as the GOTO destination, the GPSMAP 130 will automatically create or move the
waypoint named ‘MAP’ at the navaid or map position.
To activate a GOTO from the map display:
A
B
A. Press GOTO once to select a destination from a list
of waypoints.
1. Press the G key twice.
2. To select an existing user waypoint, highlight the waypoint on screen and press T.
3. To select a navaid, highlight the navaid on screen and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear, displaying the navaid position as a ‘MAP’ waypoint, with the
navaid symbol and text as the default icon and waypoint comment. Press T to save
the waypoint and begin navigation.
4. To select a cursor position as your destination, move the arrow cursor to the desired
position and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear and display the position as the ‘MAP’ waypoint. Press T to save the waypoint and begin navigation.
B. Press GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
with the map cursor. If you are not selecting an
existing waypoint as your destination, a new waypoint named ‘MAP’ will be created. Keep in mind
that the MAP waypoint will be overwritten for each
MAP GOTO. This allows you to navigate to onscreen navaids without permanently storing the
navaid as a waypoint. If you want to save the MAP
waypoint, rename it following the steps on page 39. 43
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GOTO Key Options
SECTION
7
GOTO/MOB
GOTO Options
The GOTO options page provides a list of additional GOTO options that let
you start a TracBack route, select a destination waypoint from the nearest waypoints list, select a route to navigate, or cancel the current GOTO destination.
To display the GOTO options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Start TracBack?— allows you to create and start navigation of a TracBack route
back to the oldest track log point in memory (see pages 45-46 for more on using
the TracBack function).
• Show All Wpts?— displays the GOTO waypoint list.
A
B
A. The GOTO options page lets you start a
TracBack route, select a destination from the
nearest list, select a route to activate, or cancel
the current GOTO destination.
B. The nearest waypoints list limits the list to provide quick access to nearby anchorages, facilities,
etc. which are stored as waypoints.
44
• Show Nearest Waypoints?— allows you to select the GOTO destination from a
list of the nine nearest waypoints to your present position.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
1. Highlight the ‘Show Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired waypoint and press T.
• Select Route?— allows you to quickly select a stored route for navigation.
To select a route to navigate:
1. Highlight the ‘Select Route’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired route and press T.
• Cancel GOTO?— cancels the current GOTO destination and resumes navigation
of any previously selected route.
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Page 45
MOB
GOTO/MOB
The GPSMAP 130’s man overboard function (MOB) lets you simultaneously
mark and set a course to a position for quick response to emergency situations.
MOB & TracBack
Navigation
To activate the MOB function:
1. Press the B key.
SECTION
7
2. Press the T key to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB position.
Once a MOB has been activated, a MOB icon will appear on the map display,
and the destination field on the map page will display the bearing, distance, and
ETE to the MOB position based on your present speed and course.
To stop navigation to the MOB position:
1. Press the G key, followed by O, to display the GOTO options page.
2. Select the ‘Cancel GOTO’ option and press T.
TracBack Navigation
The third method of navigating to a destination is by using the GPSMAP 130’s
TracBack feature. The TracBack function allows you to retrace your path using
the track log automatically stored in the receiver’s memory, which will eliminate
the need to store waypoints along the way. TracBack routes are created by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30 waypoints and activating an inverted
route along those points. Once activated, a TracBack route will lead you back to
the oldest track log point stored in memory, so it’s good idea to clear the existing
track log at the start of your current trip (e.g., your dock) before you get started.
To clear the track log and define a starting point for a TracBack route:
A
B
A. The GPSMAP 130’s MOB mode can be used to set a
course to a passing spot for quick response to emergency situations, fish strikes, etc.
B. To define a starting point for a TracBack route,
clear the track log.
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Track’ option and press T.
3. Select the ‘Delete Track?’ option and press T.
4. Highlight the ‘Yes’ field and press T.
45
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Page 46
To activate a TracBack route:
SECTION
7
GOTO/MOB
TracBack Navigation
1. Press the G key, followed by the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Start TracBack?’ option and press T.
Once a TracBack has been activated, the GPSMAP 130 will take the track log
currently stored in memory and divide it into segments called ‘legs’. Up to 30
temporary waypoints (e.g. T001) will be created to mark the most significant features of the track log in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as possible.
To get the most out of the TracBack feature, remember the following tips:
• Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go back to (dock, etc.).
• The ‘RECORD’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’.
• There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack route.
• If there are not enough available waypoints in memory to create a TracBack route, you
will be alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message, and the receiver will use available
waypoints to create a route with an emphasis on the track log closest to the destination.
A
B
• If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not follow your exact
path (keep the interval set to ‘resolution’ for best performance).
A. The TracBack feature uses your track log to create a route back to where you started.
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack will
draw a straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
B. Once a TracBack is activated, the track log is
divided into segments using temporary waypoints, and an inverted route is activated back to
the oldest track log point in memory.
46
• If the changes of direction and distance of your track log are very complex, 30 waypoints
may not accurately mark your exact path. The receiver will then assign the 30 waypoints
to the most significant points of your track, and simplify segments with fewer changes in
direction.
• Whenever a TracBack route is activated, the receiver will automatically erase any temporary waypoints (e.g., ‘T001’) that are not contained in routes 1-20. If there are temporary
waypoints stored in routes 1-20, the receiver will create any new temporary waypoints
using the first three digit number available.
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Page 47
Routes
ROUTES
The last way to navigate to a destination is to create a user-defined route. The
GARMIN GPSMAP 130 system lets you create and store up to 20 reversible routes
(numbered 1-20), with up to 30 waypoints each. Routes can be created and modified right from the map page, allowing you to see each route graphically on-screen
as you create, review, modify or navigate the route. All of the GPSMAP 130’s route
functions are accessed through the main menu.
Creating a Route
Graphically
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To create a route graphically:
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Routes’ field and press T. The routes page will appear, showing all the
routes currently stored in memory.
3. Press the O key to display the route options page.
4. Press T to select the ‘Create New Route’ option.
The route edit page will appear, with the cursor displayed as an arrow pointer,
and will allow you to select your route waypoints using one of two methods:
5. To add an existing waypoint or navaid to the route, use the arrow pointer to highlight the
desired waypoint on screen and press T.
A
B
6. To add a new waypoint to the route, use the arrow pointer to select the desired map
position and press T. Press T again to confirm the new waypoint.
A. The route options page provides access to the
GPSMAP 130’s route functions.
As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the
map display will show the route number you are creating, along with the first and
last route waypoints of the route. A route line will appear on the map to indicate
each completed leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the distance and
bearing to the arrow pointer from the last route waypoint.
B. Use the arrow pointer and EDIT/ENTER to add
waypoints to the route. The create waypoint page
will appear whenever you have selected a position
that is not already stored as a waypoint.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until you have finished defining all route waypoints.
8. Press Q to finish and enter review mode, or J to return to the main page
sequence.
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Page 48
ROUTES
Reviewing & Editing
Routes Graphically
Once a route has been created graphically (and the Q key has been pressed to
finish), the map display will automatically enter the route review mode. The arrow
pointer will be replaced by the map cursor, located at the last route waypoint. The
route edit mode allows you to review and modify the route displayed through a
pop-up window menu for each waypoint. You may also use the cursor to select an
individual route leg and insert a new route waypoint.
To edit a route waypoint:
1. Use the cursor to highlight the desired route waypoint and press T.
A pop-up menu of editing choices will appear, with options for reviewing,
removing, moving or inserting a route waypoint.
To review a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
To remove a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
A
B
To move a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Move?’ option and press T.
A. To move a route waypoint, select the ‘Move?’
option and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Move the arrow cursor to the new waypoint position and press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press T.
To insert new route waypoint(s) at the beginning or end of the route:
1. Select the first (to add waypoints to the beginning of the route) or last (to add waypoints
to the end of the route) route waypoint with the map cursor, and press T.
2. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
3. Move the cursor to the new waypoint position and press T.
4. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to insert additional waypoints, or press Q to finish.
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Page 49
The GPSMAP 130’s route edit mode also allows you to insert a new route waypoint in any route leg using the map cursor.
ROUTES
To insert a new waypoint between two existing route waypoints:
Route Edit Mode
1. Use the cursor to select the leg you want to insert the new waypoint in (the route line
will change to a dotted line when the leg is selected) and press T.
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2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press T.
3. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
The route edit options page provides access to a variety of functions which can
be used to review, activate, invert or edit the route as text and adjust the map view
of the selected route.
To display the route edit options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Edit As Text?— allows you to modify a route by text entry.
To edit a route by text entry:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit As Text?’ option and press T. The text edit page
will appear, showing a list of all route waypoints, with the desired track
and distance of each leg displayed.
2. Select the route waypoint you want to review or change and press
T. A pop-up menu with four route editing options will appear.
A
B
A. A new route waypoint may be inserted into any
route leg by pointing to the new waypoint or
position and pressing EDIT/ENTER.
B. The ‘Edit As Text?’ option allows you to review
and modify waypoints by text data entry.
To review the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
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Page 50
ROUTES
Editing Routes
Route Editing Options
To insert a new waypoint before the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press
O to select the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or
map display.
3. Press T to finish.
To remove the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
To change the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Change?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press
O to select the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or
map display.
3. Press T to finish.
A
B
A. To remove a route waypoint, highlight the waypoint on the map, press EDIT/ENTER, and select
the remove option from the pop-up window.
B. The route edit options page lets you activate,
invert or deactivate the route you are editing. The
‘Center On Vessel’ and ‘Center On First Wpt’
options redraw the map to display the desired
option.
The route edit options page features five more functions. These functions
may be selected by highlighting the desired function and pressing T:
• Activate Route?— activates the route you are editing and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?— activates the route you are editing in reverse order and begins
navigation.
• Center On Vessel?— redraws route edit map with your vessel in the center of the
display.
• Center On First Wpt?— redraws route edit map with the first route waypoint in
the center of the display.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route currently selected.
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To exit the route edit mode and return to the route list page, press the Q key.
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Route List Page
ROUTES
The GPSMAP 130’s route list page displays all the routes currently stored in
memory in numerical order, with the route number and comment displayed. Route
00 is always reserved for the TracBack route, while routes 1-20 serve as storage
routes (route 20 is stored as the GPSMAP tour route, which may be deleted at any
time). From the list, you may enter your own 16-character route comment and
select a specific route for activation, editing or other management functions.
Route List Page
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To enter a custom route comment:
1. Highlight the desired route and press T.
2. Press the left arrow key of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new route comment and press T.
Once you have selected a route from the route page, additional functions for that
route are available from the route options page.
To display the route options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available from the route list page:
A
B
A. The route list page displays each route stored in
memory, along with a 16-character user comment. The default comment is the name of the
first and last route waypoint.
• Create New Route?— allows you to create a new route (see page 47).
• Activate Route?— activates the selected route and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?— activates the selected route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Edit On Map?— allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see pages 48-49
for specific instructions).
• Edit As Text?— allows you to edit the selected route by text (see pages 49-50 for
specific instructions).
B. The route list options page provides quick access
to many route functions, including activating and
deactivating a selected route.
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Page 52
Route List Page Options (cont.)
ROUTES
Route List Options
• Clear Route?— allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
To clear the selected route:
1. Highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press T.
2. Press T to confirm the clear route warning.
A
B
A. To delete all waypoints from a selected route,
highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. Once a route is cleared, all waypoints are
removed from the route. They are still stored in
memory, however.
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• Copy Route?— allows you to copy the waypoints of a selected route to another
route. The route copy function can be used to copy a TracBack route (route 00) to
another route in order to either prevent losing the route the next time a TracBack
route is activated, or save a modified version of an existing route without losing the
original.
To copy a route:
1. Highlight the ‘Copy Route?’ option and press T. The selected route
will appear as the ‘copy from’ route, and the first open storage route
will appear as the ‘copy to’ route.
2. Press T to confirm. (If you’d like to change the route number that is
being copied or the open route which is being copied to, highlight the
appropriate field and press T; select the new route number and
press T.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route you are currently navigating.
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Active Route Page
ROUTES
Active Route Page
Whenever you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 130 system, the active
route page will appear in the main page sequence. The active route page shows
each waypoint of the active route, with the waypoint name, desired track, cumulative distance and ETE or ETA for each waypoint from your present position. The
current destination waypoint, the ‘active to’ waypoint, is marked with an arrow
icon. As you navigate a route, the waypoint list will automatically update to indicate the next ‘active to’ waypoint first.
From the active route page, you can:
• Change the route comment- see page 51 for instructions.
• Edit the route on map- see pages 48-49 for instructions.
Additional functions for the active route are available from the active route
options page.
To display the active route options:
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8
Each waypoint on the active route page may be
reviewed, deleted or changed right from the active route
page. To edit an active route waypoint, highlight the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
Select the desired function from the pop-up menu and
press EDIT/ENTER.
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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Active Route Page Options
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ROUTES
Active Route
Page Options
The following options are available from the active route page:
• Invert Route?— activates the active route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Activate Route?— reactivates the active route and selects the route leg closest to
your current position as the new active leg.
• Edit On Map?— allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see pages 48-49
for specific instructions).
• Clear Route?— allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
The ‘Change Data Fields?’ option lets you specify
what information is displayed for each route waypoint. Four data options are available: distance,
desired track, and ETA or ETE to each route waypoint.
• Copy Route?— allows you to copy the waypoints of the active route to another
route.
• Change Data Fields?— allows you to define the data displayed in the distance and
ETE fields. four data options are available:
• DIS– distance to active wpt • DTK– desired track
• ETE– estimated time enroute • ETA– estimated time of arrival
• Restore Defaults?— resets all active route page options to the factory settings.
• Deactivate Route?— stops navigation of the route you are currently navigating.
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• Setup Simulator?— allows you to define speed, course and position values while in
simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for more on using the simulator mode.
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Track Log Submenu
The GPSMAP’s main menu page’s track submenu lets you specify whether or
not to record a track plot (an electronic recording of your path) and define how it is
recorded. It also provides an indicator of the track memory used and selects functions to clear the track memory and start a TracBack route. The following functions
are available:
SETUP MENUS
Track Log Setup
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9
• Record Mode— lets you select one of three track recording options:
• Off– No track log will be recorded. Note that selecting the ‘Off’ setting
will prevent you from using the TracBack feature.
• Fill– a track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
• Wrap– A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through the
available memory (replacing the oldest track data with new data).
• Interval— defines the frequency with which the track plot is recorded. Three interval settings are available:
• Time– records track plot based on a user-defined time interval.
• Resolution– records track plot based upon a user-defined variance from
your course over ground. The resolution option is the default setting and
is recommended for the most efficient use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value (entered in the interval field) is the maximum error allowed from the true course before recording a track point.
• Distance– records track based on a user-defined distance between points.
• Interval Value— defines the distance or time used to record the track log.
• Delete Track?— allows you to clear the track log currently stored in memory.
• Start TracBack?— converts the current track log into an inverted route and begins
route navigation along the track log.
A
B
A. The ‘Wrap’ option will continuously record a track
log, and replace the oldest track log point with new
data. The ‘Fill’ option will record a track log until
the memory is full.
B. The track submenu’s default settings may be quickly restored from the track options page.
To reset all track options to the default settings:
1. Press O, followed by T.
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Trip and Fuel Planning
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SETUP MENUS
Trip & Fuel Planning
The GPSMAP 130’s trip and fuel planning submenu lets you plan and review
distance, fuel, and ETE/ETA information between any two waypoints; your present position and a stored waypoint; or any part of a stored route. Sunrise and
sunset information is also provided. Two planning modes are available: point-topoint and route planning.
To use the point-to-point planning mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Point-To-Point’, press the O key and select it from the
options page.
3. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the starting waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. Press T to confirm the waypoint.
A
B
A. To perform point-to-point planning, enter a ‘TO’
and ‘FROM’ waypoint, or leave the field blank if
you want to use your present position.
B. Enter a date and time for your departure. The
sunrise/sunset and ETA at the ‘TO’ waypoint will
be displayed at the bottom of the page.
56
4. Move the field highlight to the second waypoint field and follow the steps above to
select the destination waypoint.
5. Enter a speed for your trip in the speed field, or press O to select your current SOG
for the speed value.
6. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
7. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
The bottom of the page will now display the desired track and distance
between the two points; the estimated time enroute and fuel required; the date
and time of your arrival; and the sunrise and sunset times at the destination for
the date of arrival.
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The route planning mode lets you calculate the same planning information for
any route stored in memory, in leg or cumulative leg or route totals.
SETUP MENUS
To use the route planning mode:
Route &
Trip Planning
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Route’, press O and select it from the options page.
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3. Highlight the route number field and press T.
4. Use the R keypad to select the route you want to plan and press T.
5. Highlight the leg field and press T.
6. To plan the cumulative totals for the all route legs, select the ‘ALL’ option—or use the
R keypad to select a specific route leg to plan. Press T to confirm.
7. Enter a speed for your trip, or press O to select your current SOG for the speed value.
8. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
9. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
The bottom of the page will now display the planning information for the route
leg selected or the cumulative values for the entire route. The route planning mode
will also let you plan cumulative totals for multiple route legs by using the ‘Hold
First Waypoint?’ selection from the options window.
To plan multiple route legs:
1. Follow steps 1 through 6 above to select the last route leg you want to plan. For example,
select leg 03 if you want to plan cumulative totals for the first three legs of the route
(without including the rest of the route).
2. Enter the speed, fuel and date/time values as described in steps 7-9 above.
A
B
A. To plan cumulative totals for an entire route, select
the ‘All’ option from the leg field.
B. To plan cumulative totals through a particular leg,
select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option from the
Trip and Fuel Planning options page. Then enter
the last leg you want to plan in the leg field.
3. Press the O key to display the options page.
4. Select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option and press T. The cumulative totals from the
first route waypoint to the end of the selective leg will appear at the bottom of the page.
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SETUP MENUS
Sunrise/Sunset Planning
System Setup
The fuel and trip planning submenu also allows you to calculate the sunrise
and sunset times for your present position or any waypoint for a selected date.
To use the sunrise/sunset planner:
1. Highlight ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
2. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the desired waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. To calculate the
sunrise/sunset for your present position, leave both waypoint fields blank.
3. Press T to confirm.
4. Highlight the date field and press T.
5. Enter the date you want sunrise/sunset information for (the current date and year will be
used as the default setting) and press T. The sunrise and sunset times for the arrival
date will be displayed at the bottom right of the planning page.
Setup Submenus
A
B
A. The system setup submenu provides access to the
GPSMAP 130’s time formats and contrast/backlight controls.
B. When entering a time offset, be sure to select a
positive or negative indicator to the left of the offset value.
58
The last four options available from the main menu page provide access to the
various system, navigation, alarm and interface settings of the GPSMAP 130. The
system setup submenu is used to select the operating mode, date and time formats, tone preferences, backlight timeout and display contrast.
• Operational Mode lets you select between normal operation and simulator mode.
The GPSMAP 130’s system only pretends to track satellites in simulator mode, and
should not be used for actual navigation. Waypoints and routes created in simulator
mode are saved in memory and are available for use in normal mode.
• Time Offset provides a data entry field to enter the time difference between UTC
time and the local time. (See Appendix F for a list of time offsets.) When entering a
time offset, be sure to select a positive or negative offset. Note that entering an offset will not automatically display local time. The local setting from the Date/Time
Selection submenu must be selected.
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• Local/UTC lets you choose to display the date and time in UTC (Greenwich Mean
Time) time or local time offset from UTC time. The default setting is local with a ‘0’
offset. (If you are boating in the United States, be sure to enter a negative time indicator in front of the appropriate time offset for your location).
SETUP MENUS
System Setup
& System Setup Options
• Tone Selection lets you select an audible tone to sound for either messages and
keystroke confirmation (the default setting), messages only, or not to sound at all
(the tone selection does not affect the external alarm operation).
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• Display Contrast provides a slide bar to adjust the LCD screen contrast in order
to compensate for changes in temperature or lighting conditions.
• Backlight Timeout provides an automatic shutoff for the GPSMAP 130’s screen
backlighting. Six settings are available: No Timeout (the backlight will stay on until
it is turned off), 15 seconds (default setting); 30 seconds; and 1, 2, or 4 minutes.
Keeping the timeout at the lowest acceptable setting will prolong the life of the
backlight.
A
B
A. The tone preference will not affect external alarm
operation.
The system setup page also features an options page that allows you to quickly
reset all the system setup options to the factory default settings and define speed,
course and position values while in simulator mode (see Getting Started Tour).
B. Keeping the backlight timeout at the lowest
acceptable setting will prolong the useful life of the
backlight.
To view the system setup page options:
1. Press the O key.
To restore the default settings:
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ option, and press T.
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Navigation Setup
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SETUP MENUS
Navigation Setup
The navigation setup submenu is used to select a variety of navigation information including: position format, units of measure, and heading preferences. This
submenu is also used to select map datums, set the CDI scale and adjust the builtin velocity filter. The following options are available:
• Position Format lets you select the coordinate system used to display
position. The following formats are available:
A
B
A. The GPSMAP 130 will also display position coordinates in eight grid formats.
B. To enter a user magnetic variation, select the
‘User Mag Var’ option and enter a direction and
value in the variation field.
• hddd.dddddº (degrees)
• hdddºmm.mmm’ (degrees and minutes)
• hdddºmm’ss.s” (deg/min/sec)
• British grid
• German grid
• Irish grid
• Maidenhead
• Swedish grid
• Swiss grid
• Taiwan grid
• UTM/UPS grid
• Navigation Units selects the format for speed and distance measurements. You
may select from nautical, statute or metric formats. (The default setting is nautical.)
• Depth Units selects the format for depth contour display on G-chart offshore chart
cartridges. Depth contours can be displayed in feet, meters or fathoms. (The default
setting is feet.)
• Heading lets you select what reference is used in calculating heading information.
You can select to reference automatic magnetic variation, true north, grid heading
or user magnetic variation. (The default setting is automatic.)
To enter a user magnetic variation:
1. Highlight the ‘Heading’ field and press T. Select the ‘User Mag Var’
option and press T.
2. Press T to access the variation field, and use the R keypad to
enter the desired variation. Press T to confirm.
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• CDI Scale provides a list of six CDI scale settings for the map page CDI: +/-0.10,
0.50, 1.0 (default). 5.0, 10.0 and 25.0 miles or kilometers. The scale represents the
distance from the center of the scale to either end of the scale.
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• CDI Steer To allows you select a steer-to-center or steer-to-D-Bar orientation for
graphic steering guidance. The steer-to-center selection displays your position as the
vertical line on the scale, and your desired track as the center of the scale. The steer
to D-Bar option displays your position as the center of the scale, with the desired
track as the vertical line. The default setting is steer to center.
• Map Datum provides a list of the available map datums for use with the GPSMAP
system. For a list of the available GPSMAP datums, see Appendix D. The default setting is WGS 84.
• Velocity Filter allows you to select the GPSMAP’s response time to changes in
track or ground speed. Three settings are available: automatic, on, or off. The ‘auto’
(default) setting will monitor the changes in your current track and speed and
adjust the receiver’s response time automatically. The ‘on’ setting allows you to
manually enter a response time up to 240 seconds. Selecting a higher setting may be
desirable in slow-speed applications with frequent changes in track.
SETUP MENUS
Navigation Setup
A
To enter a user defined velocity filter value:
1. Highlight the ‘Velocity’ field and press T. Select the ‘On’ option and
press T.
2. Highlight the time value field.
3. Press T.
4. Enter a value in seconds (up to 240) and press T to confirm.
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B
A. CAUTION! Using the incorrect map datum can
seriously effect the accuracy of your GPS receiver.
The GPS datum should always match the datum of
the local chart you are using. If no datum information is indicated on the charts you are using, contact
the chart manufacturer.
B. Keeping the velocity filter on the ‘Auto’ setting will
allow the GPSMAP 130 to automatically monitor
and adjust the response time for track and speed
calculations.
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Timers & Alarms Setup
SETUP MENUS
Timers & Alarms
The timer & alarms submenu is used to control various alarm/timer settings.
• Timer sounds an alarm when an entered interval (up to 99:59:59) has expired, or
provides a continuous running clock timer to 99:59:59.
To use the countdown timer:
1. Select the Count Down menu option.
2. Enter the desired time interval in the interval field, and press T.
3. Once the count down time has expired, an alarm message will appear,
and the timer will automatically switch to the count up mode.
4. To reset the timer, select the reset option and press T.
• Clock Alarm provides an alarm for the system clock. To use the clock alarm,
select the ‘On’ option and enter the desired time of day in the time field.
A
B
A. The timer field can be set to count down from a
specified interval or provide a running count of
elapsed time.
B. The ‘On’ setting of the arrival alarm will cause
the alarm to sound only for the final destination
waypoint of a route at the distance specified.
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• Arrival Alarm lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’re a specified distance
away from a destination waypoint. Three options are available:
• Off- No arrival alarm will sound.
• Auto- An arrival alarm will sound one minute before the destination, based
upon your current speed and course over ground.
• On- An arrival alarm will sound at the alarm distance specified in the distance
field for the destination waypoint (the ‘On’ setting will only provide an arrival
alarm for the final destination waypoint of the active route).
• Crosstrack Alarm provides an alarm for crosstrack error (XTK) when your vessel
is off course by more than a specified distance, up to 99.99 (units).
• Anchor Drag Alarm lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’ve exceeded a
specified drift distance, up to 9999 (units). Whenever the anchor alarm is triggered, an anchor icon will appear in the status bar.
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Input/Output Submenu
SETUP MENUS
The Input/Output submenu lets you control interface settings for connecting
external NMEA devices, a DGPS receiver or a personal computer. The
‘Input/Ouput Format’ field, at the top of the page, lets you specify one of seven
interface formats:
Input/Output Setup
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Data Transfer is a proprietary interface that allows you to exchange data such as waypoints, routes and track logs between GPSMAP units or a GARMIN PC kit.
No In/NMEA Out provides navigation information to a compatible NMEA device such
as an autopilot or radar. NMEA 0180, 0182, 0183 v.1.5 and 0183 v.2.0 output options
are available. See Appendix A for additional NMEA sentence information.
No In/No Out provides no interfacing capabilities.
RTCM In/NMEA Out allows DGPS beacon receiver input and also provides selectable
NMEA output.
RTCM In/No Out allows DGPS beacon receiver input, with no output capabilities.
NMEA In/No Out allows input from a NMEA compatible external device, such as a
Yeoman© Plotter, with no output capabilities.
NMEA In/NMEA Out provides the same input capabilities as NMEA IN, with selectable
NMEA output.
When the ‘Data Transfer’ option is selected, you’ll need to specify what information to request or send to the remote unit through the Transfer Mode field. The
‘slave’ setting lets you control all data transfer from the ‘external’ GPS receiver, or
PC while the other settings request or send specific data from the primary unit.
A
B
A. The data transfer options allow you to send or
receive almanac data, proximity waypoints,
routes, track log data and waypoints to another
GARMIN GPS or PC Kit.
B. The NMEA In setting allows you to accept
NMEA data from a Yeoman plotter or other
compatible device.
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Page 64
Using NMEA & DGPS Interface Settings
SECTION
9
SETUP MENUS
NMEA & DGPS Setup
If you are using an NMEA interface format, the NMEA format must be specified
in the NMEA format field that will automatically appear when an NMEA option is
selected. The appropriate baud rate will be set automatically.
To select an NMEA format:
1. Select a NMEA IN/OUT format from the options page.
2. Highlight the NMEA Format field and press T.
3. Select a NMEA sentence format and press T.
4. The baud rate will automatically be set to the appropriate speed. If you
have selected an NMEA IN/OUT setting, you must use the same NMEA
format for both the input and output device.
Tuning DGPS Stations
A
B
A. Select the desired format from the NMEA field.
The baud rate will automatically be set to the
appropriate speed.
B. After entering a DGPS frequency, set the bit rate
to the speed indicated on the USCG station chart.
DGPS coverage, frequencies and bit rates are
available from the Coast Guard’s automated
FAX service (703-313-6932).
64
If the I/O Format is set to accept RTCM input/NMEA Output for connecting a
differential-ready GPS beacon receiver, you will need to tune a frequency in the
tuning field and select a bit rate. The default frequency will be 304.0 kHz, with a
bit rate of 100 bps, or the last DGPS frequency/bit rate selected.
To tune a DGPS frequency:
1. Select the ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format from the options page.
2. Highlight the beacon receiver frequency field and press T.
3. Enter the desired frequency and press T. If you are using an automatically-tuned DGPS receiver, you may enter 000.0 for the frequency.
4. Press T to select a bit rate. Five bit rates are available: 0 (used for
automatically-tuned DGPS receivers), 25, 50, 100 and 200 bps. Press
T to confirm. The DGPS status, along with the signal-to-noise ratio
of the tuned station, will be displayed at the bottom of the page.
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Installing & Removing G-chart Cartridges
The GARMIN GPSMAP 130 system uses G-chart offshore or inland cartography
to display digital charts on-screen. G-chart cartridges are installed in the card slot
located at the bottom right of the GPSMAP unit. G-chart cartridges may
be installed or removed at any time, whether the unit is on or off.
G-CHARTS
Installing &
Removing G-charts
SECTION
10
To install a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the cartridge door.
2. Insert the card (label facing front and G-chart logo at top) into the slot.
3. Use your thumb to firmly push the cartridge into place (until the cartridge will not go any
further into the unit). If your GPSMAP 130 is on, a confirmation tone will sound when the
cartridge has been properly installed and accepted.
4. Close the cover.
If you insert a G-chart cartridge and get a ‘card format not recognized’ message, try
removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact the
dealer you purchased it from for assistance. G-chart cartridges are not waterproof,
should not be exposed to moisture or excessive static charges, and should be stored
in the anti-static bag supplied with the cartridge.
To remove a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the cartridge door.
2. Grasp the card at the bottom groove and pull firmly.
3. If your GPSMAP is on, a confirmation tone will sound when the G-chart
cartridge has been removed.
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Using G-chart Cartography
SECTION
10
A
G-CHARTS
Using G-chart
Cartography
B
Once a G-chart cartridge has been inserted, the map coverage outlines for the
cartridge will automatically appear on-screen. Keep in mind that the display will
not automatically scroll to the map area or zoom to a level where you can see the
coverage outlines. If you do not immediately see the outlines, scroll the cursor to
the broad geographic area covered by the chart and zoom out to another map
scale.
The large outlined box shown is the main chart, which serves as the boundary
area for the entire cartridge. The small outlined box inside the main box are subcharts, which provide more detailed coverage of the area indicated. To view the
detailed cartography of any subchart, scroll the cursor to the subchart outline and
use the Z key to zoom in to smaller range scales. If the map outlines still do not
appear, check the ‘Map Outlines’ setting on the map options page to make sure
they are set to appear (see page 26).
Whenever you zoom past the usable range of the current electronic chart, the range
field will display ‘Ovr Zm’ or ‘No Map’. These warnings indicate that although you
may still have cartography, you should exercise extreme caution using the data. See
page 25 for more information on Overzoom and No Map modes.
A. Map outlines for G-chart offshore cartography.
B. Map outlines for G-chart inland cartography.
66
When a G-chart cartridge is installed, the GPSMAP 130’s system will automatically use the best available chart for display. As you enter and exit various subcharts, the system will automatically display the appropriate chart for the area you
are in. When you leave the area covered by the main map of a cartridge, the
GPSMAP 130 will default back to using the built-in 64 nm database if it is available at the current scale.
If you are not seeing certain map items (navaids, depth contours, etc. on
offshore cartridges; highways, boat ramps, etc. on inland cartridges), check the
map configuration settings available from the map options page.
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Page 67
Installing the GPSMAP 130
The GPSMAP 130 must be properly installed according to the following instructions to get the best possible performance. The GPS antenna should be installed
first, followed by the display unit. To complete the installation, you’ll need the
appropriate fasteners for your installation, and a 1” x 14-thread marine antenna
mount available at most marine dealers.
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
Mounting the GPS antenna
The antenna should be mounted in a location that has a clear, unobstructed
view of the sky in all directions to ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the
antenna where it will be shaded by the boat’s superstructure, a radome antenna, or
mast. Sailboat users should avoid mounting the antenna high on the mast to prevent inaccurate speed readings caused by excessive heeling. Most marine VHF and
loran antennas will not seriously degrade the GPS antenna’s reception. Never paint
the antenna or clean it with harsh solvents.
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1” x 14-thread antenna
mount. If you need to raise the antenna to avoid shading, try using a 1” x 14thread extension mast available at most marine dealers.
To install the GPS antenna:
1. Screw the antenna directly onto the 1” x 14-thread mount.
2. Route the cable to the mounting location of the display unit. Use the appropriate tiewraps, escutcheon plates and sealant to secure the cable along the route and through
any bulkhead or deck.
3. Once the GPSMAP unit has been installed, connect the cable to the antenna connector
on the back of the display unit. Make sure that you turn the antenna cable connector 1/4
turn clockwise to lock the cable into place.
67
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Page 68
Mounting the GPSMAP 130 Unit
SECTION
A
APPENDIX
Installation
The GPSMAP 130’s compact, waterproof case is suitable for mounting in
exposed locations or at the nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal bracket that
can be used for surface or overhead mounting. When choosing a location for the
display unit, make sure you consider the following conditions:
• There should be at least a 2” (5 cm) clearance behind the case to allow connection of the
antenna and power/data cables.
• The unit should not be mounted where it is exposed to excessive temperatures for
extended periods (see page 69).
• You should provide adequate clearance for the G-chart cartridge cover to swing open
freely. You may have to swivel the unit to get a firm grip on the cartridge.
• The mounting surface should be heavy enough to support the unit and protect it from
excessive vibration and shock.
• For flush mounting, make sure the flat panel is between 0.08” and 0.52” (2 to 13.2mm)
thick to use the cam lobe built into the mounting bracket.
To install the GPSMAP unit:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fastener you are using. Note that the
GPSMAP 130 may also be used with a Johnny Ray JR-400 swivel mount.
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fastener.
4. Insert the GPSMAP 130 into the mounting bracket. The bracket is designed for a tight fit
to provide additional support when swiveling the unit.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket and into the display case.
6. Connect the power/data and antenna cables to the back of the unit, making sure the
locking rings are fully tightened on both connectors.
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Page 69
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
To flush mount the GPSMAP 130:
1. Cut a 4.15” W x 4.67” H (105.4 x 118.6mm) hole in panel.
2. Place GPSMAP 130 into hole from the front until its flange rests against
the mounting surface.
3. From the back side of the panel, loosely attach the bracket so that the slot in the ratchet
area points away from the mounting panel.
4. Rotate the bracket downward until the panel is pinched tightly between the unit’s flange
and bracket lobe.
WARNING!
The temperature range for the GPSMAP 130 is -4 to
+158ºF (-20 to 70ºC). Extended exposure to temperatures exceeding this range (in storage or operating
conditions) may cause failure of the LCD screen. This
type of failure and related consequences are NOT
covered by the manufacturer’s limited warranty.
5. Tighten knobs and connect the power/data and antenna cables.
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Page 70
Connecting the Power/Data Cable
SECTION
B
APPENDIX
Wiring/Specifications
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 130 to a 10-40 volt DC system
and provides interface capabilities for connecting external devices, including an
external alarm. The color code in the diagram below indicates the appropriate
harness connections.
PIN 1 (red): 10-40 volts DC
PIN 2 (black): Ground
3
4
2
6
1
(-)
PIN 3 (blue): NMEA out
5
7
PIN 4 (brown): NMEA in
Shield Grounded
Through GPS
PIN 5 (white): No connection
Pin assignment
(CABLE VIEW)
PIN 6 (green): No connection
(-)
PIN 7 (yellow): alarm low
(+)
(-)
IN
RM
GA R 21
GB
(+)
10-40 volts DC
(-)
(+)
Autopilot/
NMEA Device
GBR 21
Beacon
Receiver
Alarm/
Relay
(+)
DGPS corrections are accepted in RTCM-104 v. 2.0
format through the NMEA In (BROWN) harness lead.
The GARMIN GBR 21 is the recommended beacon
receiver for use with the GPSMAP system.Other
receivers with the correct RTCM format may be used,
but may not correctly display status or allow tuning
control from the GPSMAP unit.
70
The following formats are supported for connection to up to 3 NMEA devices:
• NMEA 0180/NMEA 0182
• NMEA 0183 version 1.5
Approved sentences— GPBWC, GPGLL, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPXTE, GPVTG, GPWPL, GPBOD
Proprietary sentences— PGRMM, PGRMZ (alt.), PSLIB (beacon receiver control
input)
• NMEA 0183 version 2.0
Approved sentences— GPGGA, GPGLL, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPRTE, GPWPL,
GPBOD
Proprietary sentences— PGRME (estimated error), PGRMM (map datum)
PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon rec. control input)
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GPSMAP 130 Specifications
PHYSICAL
Case:
Size:
Weight:
Temperature Range:
APPENDIX
Wiring &
Specifications
Waterproof, dry nitrogen-filled
4.9”H x 5.3”W x 2.4”D
(12.5 x 13.5 x 2.4 cm)
Less than 1 lb. (454g)
5º to 158ºF (-15º to 70ºC)
SECTION
B
PERFORMANCE (GPSMAP 130)
Receiver:
12-channel PhaseTrac12
Acquisition Time:
Approx. 15 seconds (warm)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold)
Approx. 5 minutes (AutoLocate )
Approx. 5 minutes (Search the sky)
Update Rate:
1/second, continuous
Position Accuracy:
1-5 meters (3-16 ft.)*
15 meters (49 ft.) RMS**
Velocity Accuracy:
0.1 knot RMS steady state, 90 knots max.
Dynamics:
Performs to specification to 6g3
TM
POWER
Input:
Usage:
10-40v DC
3 watts max.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
* With optional GARMIN GBR 21 Beacon Receiver Input.
** Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective Availability Program.
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SECTION
C
Page 72
APPENDIX
Messages
The GPSMAP 130 uses an on-screen message
prompt to alert you to important information.
Whenever a message appears, press the J key to
view the message.
72
Alarm Clock—The alarm clock has sounded.
Anchor Drag Alarm—You have drifted out of the specified distance range.
Approaching—You are less than one minute away from reaching a destination waypoint at
your present speed over ground.
Arrival At—You have arrived at the destination waypoint.
Can’t Change An Active Waypoint—You have attempted to change the ‘active to’ or ‘active
from’ waypoint. Clear the active route or GOTO before making your changes.
Card Format is Not Recognized—The cartridge inserted is not readable by the GPSMAP system and may be damaged. Reinsert the cartridge to make sure it is properly installed. If the cartridge is still not recognized, call the G-chart information line at 1-800-427-6460.
Cross-Track Alarm—You have exceeded the off-course distance specified in the CDI setup.
Data Transfer is Complete—The receiver is finished uploading or downloading information
to the connected device.
Database Memory has Failed—The built-in 64 nm database has failed. See an authorized
service center for repair.
Degraded Accuracy—The accuracy of your GPSMAP system has been degraded beyond 500
meters due to poor satellite geometry or data quality. You should check other navigational
sources to verify the position indicated.
Max Calibration Is 5000mt (16,400 ft)—You have exceeded the maximum possible map
calibration.
Memory Battery Power is Low—The internal battery that stores waypoints, routes and track
plots needs to be replaced. Take your unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for installation of a new battery.
Need Altitude—Your GPSMAP system needs the altitude to maintain a position fix due to poor
satellite coverage. Enter your approximate altitude on the initialize position page.
Need to Select Init Method—The GPSMAP 130 needs to be initialized to your present
position. See pages 1-2 for complete instructions on initialization.
No Differential GPS Position—Not enough data is being received to compute a DGPS
position.
Oscillator Needs Adjustment—The GPSMAP 130 has detected excessive drift in its internal
oscillator, which may result in longer acquisition times. Take the unit to an authorized
GARMIN service center for adjustment.
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Page 73
Poor GPS Coverage—The GPSMAP 130 cannot acquire the necessary number of satellites to compute a position.
Power Down and Re-init—The GPSMAP 130 cannot calculate a position due
to abnormal satellite conditions. Power down and verify the last position
shown by other means.
Proximity Alarm—You have entered the alarm radius for the proximity waypoint indicated.
Proximity List Full—You have used all nine proximity waypoints.
Proximity Overlaps Another Prox Wypt—The alarm radius specified overlaps the area specified for another proximity waypoint. (See section 10 for more
information on proximity overlaps.)
RAM has Failed—The random access memory has failed and the unit is not
operable. Take your unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for repairs.
ROM has Failed—The unit’s permanent memory has failed and the unit is not
operable. Take your unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for repairs.
Received Invalid Waypoint—A waypoint was received during upload transfer that has an invalid identifier.
Receiver has Failed—A failure in receiver hardware has been detected. If this
message persists, do not use the unit and take it to an authorized dealer for
repair.
Route Already Exists—The route number you are trying to copy to is already
used.
Route Does Not Exist—The route number you are trying to use or copy is
not defined.
Route is Full—You have attempted to add more than 30 waypoints to a route.
Route Memory is Full—You have attempted to create more than 20 routes.
Route Waypoint was Deleted—A route waypoint entered does not exist in
the database and has been deleted from the route.
RTCM Input has Failed—DGPS data being received has been lost. You are
no longer receiving the beacon signal.
Searching the Sky—The GPSMAP 130 is searching the sky for almanac data.
APPENDIX
Messages
SECTION
C
Stored Data was Lost—All waypoints, routes and almanac data has been lost
due to internal battery failure.
There is No RTCM Input—The beacon receiver is not properly connected or
baud rates do not match.
Timer Has Expired—The countdown timer has expired.
Track Memory is Full—The track memory is full and no additional track plot
will be recorded until the track memory has been cleared or set to wrap mode.
Wypt Already Exists—The waypoint name you’ve entered already exists in
memory.
Waypoint Memory is Full—You have used all 250 waypoints in the GPSMAP
130 system.
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SECTION
D
Page 74
APPENDIX
Map Datums
The GPSMAP’s built-in worldwide database
includes chart coverage down to 64 nm (120 km) for
the areas outlined above. Note that the GPSMAP
database is only valid to 68º15’ of latitude. The
maximum cursor latitude is 85º05’, and the maximum waypoint latitude is 89º24.543 north or south.
Adindan
Afgooye
AIN EL ABD ‘70
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
ARC 1950
ARC 1960
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Astro B4 Sorol
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Dos 71/4
Astr Stn ‘52
Astrln Geod ‘66
74
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali,
Senegal, Sudan
Afgooye- Somalia
AIN EL ANBD 1970Bahrain Island, Saudi
Arabia
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos I.
ARC 1950- Botswana,
Lesotho,
Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
Kenya, Tanzania
Ascension Island ‘58Ascension Island
Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astronomic Stn ‘52Marcus Island
Australian Geod ‘66Australia, Tasmania Island
Astrln Geod ‘84
Austria
Bellevue (IGN)
Bermuda 1957
Bogata Observ
Campo Inchspe
Canton Ast ‘66
Cape
Cape Canavrl
Carthage
CH-1903
Chatham 1971
Chua Astro
Australian Geod ‘84Australia, Tasmania Island
Austria
Efate and Erromango
Islands
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda
Islands
Bogata
ObsrvatryColombia
Campo
InchauspeArgentina
Canton Astro 1966Phoenix Islands
Cape- South Africa
Cape Canaveral- Florida,
Bahama Islands
Carthage- Tunisia
CH 1903- Switzerland
Chatham 1971- Chatham
Island (New Zealand)
Chua Astro- Paraguay
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Corrego Alegr
Djakarta
Dos 1968
Easter Isld 67
European 1950
European 1979
Finland Hayfrd
Gandajika Base
Geod Datm ‘49
Guam 1963
Gux 1 Astro
Hjorsey 1955
Hong Kong ‘63
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Indian Bngldsh
Indian Thailand
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965
ISTS 073 Astro
Johnston Island
Kandawala
Page 75
Corrego Alegre- Brazil
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra
Island (Indonesia)
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Easter Island 1967
European 1950- Austria,
Belgium,
Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany,
Gibraltar, Greece, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland
European 1979- Austria,
Finland, Netherlands,
Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic
of Maldives
Geodetic Datum ‘49New Zealand
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Guadalcanal Island
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Hong Kong
Taiwan
Indian- Bangladesh, India,
Nepal
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965- Ireland
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69Diego Garcia
Johnston Island Kandawala
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Sri-Lanka
Kerguelen Islnd
Kertau 1948
L. C. 5 Astro
Liberia 1964
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon Philippine
Mahe 1971
Marco Astro
Massawa
Merchich
Midway Ast ‘61
Minna
NAD27 Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
NAD27 Canada
NAD27 Canal Zone
NAD27 Caribbean
NAD27 Central
NAD27 CONUS
NAD27 Cuba
Kerguelen Island
West Malaysia, Singapore
Cayman Brac Island
Liberia 1964- Liberia
Luzon- Mindanao Island
LuzonPhilippines
(excluding Mindanao Isl.)
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Marco Astro- Salvage Isl.
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
Merchich- Morocco
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Minna- Nigeria
North American 1927Alaska
North American 1927Bahamas (excluding San
Salvador Island)
North American 1927Canada and Newfoundland
North Am. 1927- Canal
Zone
North American 1927Caribbean (Barbados,
Caicos Islands, Cuba,
Dom. Rep., Grd. Cayman,
Jamaica, Leeward and
Turks Islands)
North American 1927Central America (Belize,
Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua)
North Am. 1927- Mean
Value (CONUS)
North American 1927Cuba
APPENDIX
Map Datums
SECTION
D
75
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SECTION
D
Page 76
NAD27 Greenland
APPENDIX
Map Datums
NAD27 Mexico
NAD27 San Salvadr
NAD83
Nahrwn Masirah llnd
Nahrwn Saudi Arbia
Nahrwn United Arab
Naparima BWI
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Old Egyptian
Old Hawaiian
Oman
Ord Srvy Grt Britn
Pico De Las Nieves
Potsdam
Pitcairn Astro ‘67
Prov So Amricn ‘56
Prov So Chilean ‘63
Puerto Rico
Qatar National
Qornoq
76
North American 1927Greenland
(Hayes
Peninsula)
N. American 1927- Mexico
North American 1927- San
Salvador Island
North American 1983Alaska, Canada, Central
America, CONUS, Mexico
Nahrwn- Masirah Island
(Oman)
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Nahrwn- United Arab
Emirates
Naparima BWI- Trinidad
and Tobago
Observatorio 1966- Corvo
and Flores Islands (Azores)
Old Egyptian- Egypt
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman- Oman
Old Survey Grt BritnEngland, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl.,
Wales
Canary Islands
Germany
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn
Prov So Amricn ‘56Bolivia, Chile,Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Peru,
Venezuela
So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Puerto Rico & Virgin Isl.
Qatar National- Qatar
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion
Rome 1940
RT 90
Santo (Dos)
Sao Braz
Sapper Hill ‘43
Schwarzeck
South American ‘69
South Asia
Southeast Base
Southwest Base
Timbalai 1948
Tokyo
Tristan Astro ‘68
Viti Levu 1916
Wake-Eniwetok
WGS 72
WGS 84
Zanderij
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Rome 1940- Sardinia Isl.
Sweden
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel,
Santa Maria Islands
Sapper Hill 1943- East
Falkland Island
Schwarzeck- Namibia
S. American ‘69- Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia,
Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela, Trin/Tobago
South Asia- Singapore
Southeast Base- Porto
Santo and Madiera Islands
Southwest Base- Faial,
Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge
and Terceira Islands
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and
E. Malaysia (Sarawak and
Sabah)
Tokyo- Japan, Korea,
Okinawa
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan
da Cunha
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/
Fiji Islands
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall
World Geodetic System 72
World Geodetic System 84
Zanderij- Surinam
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Page 77
Almanac Data—The satellite constellation information (including location and health of
satellites) that is transmitted to your receiver from every GPS satellite. Almanac data must
be acquired before GPS navigation can begin.
Bearing (BRG)—The compass direction from your position to a destination.
APPENDIX
Glossary
SECTION
E
Course Over Ground (COG)—Direction of movement relative to a ground position.
Crosstrack Error (XTK)—The distance you are off a desired course in either direction.
Desired Track (DTK)—The compass course between the ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Differential GPS (DGPS)—An extension of the GPS system that uses land-based radio
beacons to transmit position corrections to GPS receivers.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)—The time of day of your arrival at a destination.
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)—The time remaining to your destination at your present
speed.
Grid—A coordinate system that projects the earth on a flat surface, using square zones for
position measurements.
Ground Speed (SOG)—The velocity you are travelling relative to a ground position.
Latitude—A north/south measurement of position perpendicular to the earth’s polar axis.
Longitude—An east/west measurement of position in relation to the Prime Meridian, an
imaginary circle that passes through the north and south poles.
Position—An exact, unique location based on a geographic coordinate system.
Turn (TRN)— The difference and direction in degrees between the bearing to your destination and your course over ground. The TRN value is used to indicate what direction, and
how many degrees, to turn to get back on course.
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SECTION
E
Page 78
APPENDIX
Glossary
Universal Time Coordinated (UTC)— The time of day at the prime meridian (0º longitude) in Greenwich, England.
Universal Transverse Mercator- (UTM)— A grid coordinate system that projects global
sections onto a flat surface to measure position in specific zones.
Velocity Made Good (VMG)—The speed you are travelling in the direction of the destination.
Waypoint—A specific location saved in the receiver’s memory.
NORTH
NORTH
BRG
SP
EE
D
OV
ER
GR
OU
ND
R
RO
ER
CK
RA
ST TK
OS X
CR
DTK
“ACTIVE FROM”
WAYPOINT
78
COG
DIST
ANC
E
“ACTIVE TO”
WAYPOINT
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Page 79
The chart below gives an approximate UTC time offset for the various
longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you
are in daylight savings time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
W180.0º to W172.5º
W172.5º to W157.5º
W157.5º to W142.5º
W142.5º to W127.5º
W127.5º to W112.5º
W112.5º to W097.5º
W097.5º to W082.5º
W082.5º to W067.5º
W067.5º to W052.5º
W052.5º to W037.5º
W037.5º to W022.5º
W022.5º to W007.5º
W007.5º to E007.5º
E007.5º to E022.5º
E022.5º to E037.5º
E037.5º to E052.5º
E052.5º to E067.5º
E067.5º to E082.5º
E082.5º to E097.5º
E097.5º to E112.5º
E112.5º to E127.5º
E127.5º to E142.5º
E142.5º to E157.5º
E157.5º to E172.5º
E172.5º to E180.0º
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
APPENDIX
Time Offsets
SECTION
F
79
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SECTION
G
80
Page 80
APPENDIX
Index
A
Alarm Setup
Anchor Drag Alarm
Antenna Installation
Arrival Alarm
AutoLocate
62
62
67
62
1-2,18
B
Backlight Level
Beacon Receiver Setup
Bearing
Bearing/Distance Calculation
Boat Icon
Boat Mode
Built-in Map Coverage
3
63-64
77
26
7
23
2,74
C
Calibrations, Map
Cancelling Active GOTOs
Capabilities
Cautions
Clock Alarm
Configurations, Map
Contrast Setting
Countdown Timer
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
CDI Scales
Crosstrack Error
Cursor Mode
Cursor Movement
28
44
iii
ii
62
27-28
59
62
13
13,31
77
23-24
8,24
D
Data Field Entry
Data Window
10
47
Date/Time Formats
Datums
Definitions
Desired Track (DTK)
Depth Contours
Depth Units
Dilution of Precision (DOP)
DGPS Setup
DGPS Status
59
74-76
77-78
77
60
60
18
63-64
18
E
Entering Initial Position
Estimated Position Error (EPE)
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
2,19
18
29,77
29,77
F
Full Page Mapping
26
G
G-chart Cartridges
GOTO Key
Ground Speed
65-66
9,43-44
77
H
Heading Selection
60
I
Initialization
Installation
Interface Options
Interface Setup
Interval, Track Storage
K
1-2
67-70
63
63-64
55
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7/23/98 9:23 AM
Page 81
Keypad Tone
Keypad Usage
59
viii
L
Local Time Offset
59
M
Magnetic Variation
Main Menu
Man Overboard Function
Map Calibration
Map Configuration
Map Datum List
Map Datum Selection
Map Page
Map Scales
Marking a Position
Measuring Bearing & Distance
Menu Selection
Message Descriptions
Messages, Viewing
60
33
45
28
27-28
74-76
61
26-29
25
6,34-35
26
15
73
1
N
Navigation Page
Navigation Setup
Navigation Units
NMEA Formats
NMEA Setup
No Map Mode
12-13,31-32
60-61
60
72
63-64
25
O
Offset, local time
59,79
Operation Setup
Overzoom Mode
58-59
25
P
Packing List
Page Sequence
Physical Specifications
Point-to-Point Planning
Position Page
Position Format
Velocity Filters
Power Off
Power On
Proximity Alarm
vi
5
72
56
20-21
60
61
16
1
41
R
Removing G-chart Cartridges
Routes
Activating A Route
Active Route Page
Clearing
Copying
Creating
Deactivating
Editing By Text
Editing Graphically
Modifying Route Waypoints
Modifying Routes
Moving Route Waypoints
Removing Route Waypoints
Reviewing Routes
Route Comments
Route Planning Mode
Stopping Route Navigation
65
47-54
50
14,53-54
52
52
47
50,52,54
49-50
48
48-50
48-52
48
50
48
51
57
14
APPENDIX
Index
SECTION
G
81
gps 130
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SECTION
G
82
Page 82
APPENDIX
Index
S
Satellite Acquisition
Satellite Sky View
Signal Strength Bars
Simulator Mode
Simulator Tour
Status Bar
Status Page
Steering Guidance
Sunrise/Sunset Calculation
2,17-18
17
2,17
4
4-16
18
17-19
13,30-32
58
T
Table of Contents
Time Offsets
Timer/Alarm Setup
Tone Selection
TracBack Function
Track Log
Track Memory
Track Plot Resolution
Track Recording
Trip Odometer
Turn (TRN)
vii
58-59,79
62
59
44-46
55
55
55
55
20-21
32,77
U
Units of Measure
UTC time
UTM/UPS Coordinates
60
59,82
82
V
Velocity Filter
Velocity Made Good (VMG)
61
32,78
W
Waypoints
Active Waypoints
Creating
Deleting
Editing By Text
Editing Graphically
Modifying
Moving Route Waypoints
Nearest Waypoints
Proximity Waypoints
Reference Waypoints
Removing Route Waypoints
Renaming
Reviewing
Submenus
Waypoint List
Wiring Installation
34-42
53
34-37
39
38
39
38-40
48
40
41
37
50
39
38
40
42
70
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Page 83
gps 130
7/23/98 9:23 AM
Page 84
®
© 1996 GARMIN International
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062 USA
GARMIN (Europe) LTD Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ UK
Part Number 190-00106-00 Rev. B
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