Garmin GPSMAP 162 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPSMAP 162
chartplotting receiver
owner’s
manual
and
reference
guide
162 new cover.indd
1
11/30/01, 9:19 AM
Introduction
© 2000-2001 GARMIN Corporation
Software Version 2.50 or above
Internal Database Version 2.00
Foreward
GARMIN International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ, U.K.
Tel. 44/1794.519944
Fax 44/1794.519222
GARMIN Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced,
copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose
without prior written consent of GARMIN Corporation. GARMIN Corporation hereby grants permission
to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be
viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must
contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial
distribution of this manual is strictly prohibited.
I
GARMIN®, Autolocate®, and TracBack® are registered trademarks,
MapSource™, and BlueChart™ are trademarks of GARMIN Corporation and may not be used without the express permission of
GARMIN Corporation.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice. GARMIN Corporation reserves the right
to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify
any person or organization of such changes. Visit the GARMIN website (www.garmin.com) for current
updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other GARMIN
products.
June 2001
Part Number 190-00169-00 Rev. C
Printed in Taiwan
i
Introduction
Preface and Registration
Preface
Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced marine navigation systems available! The
GARMIN GPSMAP 162 utilizes the proven performance of GARMIN GPS and full featured mapping to
create an unsurpassed marine navigation chartplotter.
To get the most out of your new navigation system, take the time to go through this owner’s manual
and learn the operating procedures for your unit. This manual is broken down into two parts for
your convenience.
Part One introduces you to the GPSMAP 162 and provides a Getting Started tour so you may become
more familiar with the unit. This section will provide you with a basic working knowledge necessary to
use the unit to its fullest potential.
Part Two is divided into sections that provide detailed references to the advanced features and
operations of the GPSMAP 162. This allows you to concentrate on a specific topic quickly and look up
detailed information about the GPSMAP 162.
H
Why should you register your GARMIN GPS unit:
• Notification of Product Updates
• Notification of New Products
• Lost or Stolen unit tracking
ii
Customer Service Product Registration
Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration today! Have the serial
number of your GPSMAP 162 handy and connect to our website (www.garmin.com). Look for the Product
Registration link on the Home page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the area provided
on page iv of this manual.
F
NOTE: If you have previously registered a GARMIN product purchase using a mail-in
registration card, we invite you to re-register using our NEW on-line system. Many
services provided by our new product registration system are now being automated and
re-registering your purchase ensures you the best possible support from GARMIN.
The GPS system is operated by the United States government, which is solely responsible for its
accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Although the GARMIN GPSMAP 162 is a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become
unsafe.
The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is designed to facilitate the use of authorized
government charts, not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain all
information needed for safe navigation – and, as always, the user is responsible for their prudent use.
Use the GPSMAP 162 at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and thoroughly practice operation using the simulator
mode prior to actual use. When in actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPSMAP 162 to all
available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc.
For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
NOTE: This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
There is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by relocating the
equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit. Consult an authorized dealer or other
qualified technician for additional help if these remedies do not correct the problem.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for class B digital devices for home or office use.
Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Introduction
Warning and Precautions
MAP DATA INFORMATION: One of the goals of GARMIN is to
provide customers with the most complete and accurate cartography
that is available to us at a reasonable cost. We use a combination
of governmental and private data sources, which we identify (as
required) in product literature and copyright messages displayed
to the consumer. Virtually all data sources contain inaccurate or
incomplete data to some degree. This is particularly true outside the
United States, where complete and accurate digital data is either not
available or prohibitively expensive.
I
CAUTION: IT IS THE USER’S RESPONSIBILITY TO USE THIS
PRODUCT PRUDENTLY. THIS PRODUCT IS INTENDED TO
BE USED ONLY AS A NAVIGATIONAL AID AND MUST
NOT BE USED FOR ANY PURPOSE REQUIRING PRECISE
MEASUREMENT OF DIRECTION, DISTANCE, LOCATION, OR
TOPOGRAPHY.
iii
Introduction
Warranty and
Serial Number
Serial Number
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located on
the bottom of the unit) in case it is lost, stolen, or needs service. Be
sure to keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or attach a
photocopy inside the manual.
Serial Number:
I
The GARMIN GPSMAP 162 has no user-serviceable parts. Should
you ever encounter a problem with your unit, please take it to an
authorized GARMIN dealer for repairs.
The GPSMAP 162 is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt to open
the case to change or modify the unit in any way will void your
warranty and may result in permanent damage to the equipment.
iv
LIMITED WARRANTY
GARMIN Corporation warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and workmanship
for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option, repair or replace any
components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the
customer for parts or labor. The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This
warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY
ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS,
WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY
TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT
ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service department (913/397.8200) for a
returned merchandise tracking number. The unit should be securely packaged with the tracking number
clearly marked on the outside of the package and sent freight prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty
service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty
repairs. GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund
of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
Designed for detailed electronic charting capability, the GARMIN GPSMAP 162 is a powerful navigation device that can give you the navigation information you need:
Precision Performance
Introduction
Capabilities
• High-contrast, four-level gray, LCD screen with backlighting
• 12-channel parallel receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites for fast, accurate positioning
• WAAS Capable
• Differential-Ready
• Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy case, waterproof to IEC 529-IPX-7
Advanced Navigating and Plotting
• 500 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons and comments
• Built-in Americas basemap to 20 miles includes detailed ocean, river and lake coastlines, cities,
interstates, US state highways and local thoroughfares
• 20 reversible routes with up to 30 waypoints each
• Uploadable maps up to 2.5 Megabytes of data using GARMIN’s MapSource PC products
• Coordinates: Lat/Lon, UTM/UPS, Loran TD, plus 15 grids, including Maidenhead
• TracBack route feature which allows you to quickly retrace your track log to a starting position
• Built-in simulator mode
v
Index Tab Top
Index Tab Bottom
Before installing and getting started with your unit, please check to see that your package includes the
following items. If any parts are missing, please contact your GARMIN dealer immediately.
Standard Package:
• GPSMAP 162 Unit
• Bail Mount with knobs
• Mounting Bracket*
• Mount Bracket with Internal Antenna**
• GA 29 Remote Marine Antenna with 30’ cable and BNC connector*
• MapSource Fishing Hot Spots and MapSource Waterways & Lights CD-ROMs***
• Power/Data Cable
• AC Power/PC Interface Cable
• Protective Cover
• Owner’s Manual and Quick Reference Guide
* Included with part number 010-00191-00.
** Included with part number 010-00192-00.
*** Included with part number 010-00192-03.
vi
Optional Accessories:
• Cigarette Lighter Adapter
• PC Interface Cable
• EURO A/C PC Adapter
• MapSource CDs: Fishing Hot Spots, BlueChart, US Waterways & Lights, US Topo, US Roads &
Recreation, European Roads & Recreation, and WorldMap
• GA 26C Remote Automobile Antenna with mounts, 30’ cable and BNC connector
• GA 29F Surface Mount GPS Antenna with 30’ cable and BNC connector
• Second Mounting Station
• Flush Mounting Kit
• 1” RAM Swivel Mount
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i-viii
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Preface and Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ii
Warnings and Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Warranty and Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Packing List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
“How To” Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Section One: Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-17
Keypad Usage, Selecting Options, Entering
Data, Initializing the Receiver, Power
On/Off, Contrast, Backlighting, Simulator,
Description of Main Pages, Simulated Tour
Section Two: Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18-71
Status Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Map Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Map Page Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Compass Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Highway Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Reviewing and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Nearest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Proximity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Going to a Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
TracBack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Route List Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Reviewing and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Main Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Track Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Trip, Time and Pages Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . .62
System Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Units Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Communication Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Alarm Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68
Celestial Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Tide Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Introduction
Table of Contents
Appendix A: Loran TD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Appendix B: Time Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Appendix C: Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Appendix D: Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Appendix E: Navigation Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Appendix F: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Appendix G: Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Appendix H: Advanced NMEA Setup . . . . . . . . .85
Appendix I: Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
vii
Index Tab Top
Index Tab Bottom
H
The list to the right is provided to help you quickly find some of
the more important procedures you will use on your new GPSMAP
162.
viii
TO DO THIS:
SEE PAGE(S):
Turn the unit on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6, 17
Initialize the GPS receiver (first time use) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Adjust screen contrast or backlighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Enter data and select options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Learn how the operate the unit’s function keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mark your present location as a waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 38-39
Go to a destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-14, 46-50
Create and use a route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51-58
Learn about the Map page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9, 22-27
Pan using the map arrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 23
Zoom in or out on the Map page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 27
Reconfigure the Map page display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28-34
Access the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16, 59
Change units of measure (statute, nautical, metric) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-65
Change the displayed time (zone) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Setup Loran TD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-73
View tide information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-71
View celestial information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Set Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
See current position, date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
View a unit message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
The IN Key
The IN key adjusts the map scale to display a smaller area with more detail. (Zooms in)
The OUT Key
The OUT key adjusts the map scale to display a larger area with less detail. (Zooms out)
Getting Started
Keypad Usage
The PAGE Key
The PAGE key selects the main pages in sequence and returns display from a submenu page.
The ARROW KEYPAD
The ARROW KEYPAD is used to select (Highlight) menu options and enter data. It also controls
cursor movement on the Map Page.
The ENTER/MARK Key
The ENTER/MARK key selects a highlighted menu option. When entering data, it allows you to
initiate entry, and then to accept the selected value(s). It also marks the current location as a waypoint
when pressed and held for more than one second.
The QUIT Key
The QUIT key returns the display to the previous page and, when entering data, it restores the previous
value (cancels data entry).
The MENU Key
The MENU key displays a menu of available options for the current page. Press twice to display
the Main Menu.
The NAV/MOB Key
The NAV/MOB key displays the Go To and Follow navigation menu. It also activates the MOB (Man
OverBoard) function when pressed and held for more than one second.
The POWER/BACKLIGHT/CONTRAST Key ( )
The POWER/BACKLIGHT/CONTRAST key turns the unit and display illumination on/off .
Always press and release a key to perform
its primary function. Pressing and holding
the ENTER/MARK or NAV/MOB keys
will activate their secondary function.
1
Getting Started
Selecting Options
How To Select Options and Enter Data
Before moving ahead into GPSMAP 162 features, you will need to learn basic operation. You can
select and activate options and enter data to customize the GPSMAP 162 to fit your requirements. You
can use the ENTER/MARK key and ARROW KEYPAD to select options, enter names and numbers
in data fields, and activate your selections.
To select and activate an optional feature:
1. With any page displayed, press the MENU key to pop-up the options menu. The options menu will
display a list of optional features which are specific for that particular page. To select any feature on
the list of options requires movement of the cursor, which is identified as highlighting, selecting or
choosing an item in a list or a field (box) on a page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor (highlight) up and down a list or up, down, and
sideways on menus.
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the next option. Press ENTER/MARK
to activate the option.
3. Once you have moved to the selection desired, press the ENTER/MARK key to either activate the
feature or pop-up a sub-menu or list of yet more feature options. Just repeat this process to select
an option from the list or press the QUIT key to return to the previous setting.
The QUIT key when pressed, will move backwards through each step to the main page you
started on.
To select and activate a function button:
1. When moving about a page with function buttons, like the ‘New Map Waypoint’ page, you will
observe functions such as ’OK’, ‘Go To’ and ‘Delete’. To activate the function, highlight the desired
button and press the ENTER/MARK key.
Pop-up list of options for a highlighted
field.
2
Naming a waypoint or placing any sort of data that has not been predefined requires the use of
both the ARROW KEYPAD and the ENTER/MARK key.
Getting Started
Entering Data
To enter a name or number in a data field:
1. Once you have accessed a page with programmable data fields (i.e. ‘ Waypoint Edit’) you can use
the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor (highlight) to fields on the page. Use the UP/DOWN
arrows to move up or down and the LEFT/RIGHT arrows to move sideways.
2. Pressing the ENTER/MARK key with the field highlighted begins the process for entering data in
the form of alphanumeric characters.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD UP/DOWN arrows to cycle through numbers 0 to 9, plus/minus symbols,
blank space, and the alphabet. Pressing and releasing the keypad moves you character by character
through the list. Pressing and holding the keypad moves you rapidly through the list.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD LEFT/RIGHT arrows to move to the next character on the line or
backwards to edit characters. If there are more than two lines of data, keep pressing to the RIGHT
to drop down to the next line.
5. When data entry is completed, press ENTER/MARK to accept data, then move to the next
programmable field. Not all data fields are programmable, like the date and time. When moving
about a page with these type of fields, the cursor will skip over them.
Every field and button on this page can be programmed or activated.
• A waypoint symbol can be selected
from a list of symbols.
• The waypoint can be renamed.
• A depth can be entered.
Pressing UP or DOWN
on the ARROW KEYPAD
changes numbers and
letters.
Pressing LEFT or RIGHT
on the ARROW KEYPAD
moves the cursor along
the line or to the next line.
Data Entry Field
Non-programable
data fields
• The coordinates can be changed.
• Option buttons can be activated.
3
Getting Started
Initializing the Receiver
The GPSMAP 162’s advanced keypad system is designed to allow for fast, convenient selection of
navigation options and data entry. The Getting Started Tour will introduce you to the keypad and
provide a ‘hands-on’ lesson in using the GPSMAP 162. We strongly encourage you to take the Getting
Started tour before using your unit for actual navigation.
The GPSMAP 162 Quick Reference Guide contains helpful tips on using the unit and performing
various navigation tasks. It’s a good idea to keep the Quick Reference Guide nearby whenever you’re
operating your new GPSMAP 162.
Initializing the Receiver
Self-Test Screen
The first time you power up your new GPSMAP 162, the receiver must be given an opportunity to
collect satellite data and establish its present position. To ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 162
is shipped from the factory in AutoLocate mode, which will allow the receiver to “find itself” anywhere
in the world. To speed up the initialization process, we recommend using the graphic initialization
process described on the next page, which will usually provide a position fix within a few minutes.
Before you initialize, make sure the GPSMAP 162 unit and antenna have been correctly installed
on your vessel according to the instructions in Appendix G. The antenna needs to have a clear and
unobstructed view of the sky to receive satellite signals.
To turn the GPSMAP 162 on:
1. Press and hold the POWER key until the power tone sounds and the display comes on, then
release the POWER key.
The welcome page will appear while the unit conducts a self-test. Once the internal test is
complete, a warning page will appear, asking you to read and acknowledge important information
regarding the proper use of the unit.
Warning Screen
To acknowledge the warning:
1. After reading the warning, press the ENTER/MARK key if you agree.
4
To graphically initialize the GPSMAP 162:
Getting Started
1. From the Status Page, press the MENU key. The Status Page options menu window will appear.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Initialize Position’ and press ENTER/MARK to initialize the
receiver from the built-in worldwide map. The ‘Initialize Position’ page will appear, prompting you to
select your approximate location with the map cursor.
Initializing the Receiver
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the map cursor and point to your approximate location within
100 miles. If you have difficulty identifying your position, press and release the IN key to zoom in
to see the next lower map scale.
4. Once you have determined your approximate location on the map, press the ENTER/MARK key.
I
This does not “calibrate” the unit in any way, but rather helps to speed up the initial
satellite acquisition. If the unit switches to the Map Page or displays ‘2D’ or ‘3D
Navigation’ during this process, it is not necessary to initialize the unit.
The GPSMAP 162 will now begin searching for the appropriate satellites for your region and should
acquire a fix within a few minutes. A signal strength bar for each satellite in view will appear on the
top middle of the page, with the appropriate satellite number under each bar. The progress of satellite
acquisition is shown in three stages:
Point to your approximate location
and press ENTER/MARK.
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars— the receiver has found the indicated satellite(s) and is collecting
data.
• Solid signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite(s)
are ready for use.
Once the receiver has collected information from at least three satellites, the top of the screen will
display either “2D or 3D Navigation”, and the GPSMAP 162 will be ready for use.
A satellite’s signal bar will turn black
when it’s ready for use.
5
Getting Started
Power On/Screen Contrast
GPSMAP 162 Getting Started Tour
The GARMIN GPSMAP 162 is a powerful electronic navigation system that provides detailed map
coverage and convenient control of many advanced features right from the screen display. This tour is
designed to take you through the basic pages and functions of the system using the simulator mode.
Once you’re familiar with the main pages and functions of the unit, refer to the reference section for
instructions on performing specific tasks and functions.
The Getting Started tour assumes that the receiver has been properly installed and initialized, and
you have not changed any of the default unit settings. If you have changed any settings (position
formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions and pictures in the tour may not match your
configuration.
To turn on the GPSMAP 162:
1. Press and hold the POWER key until the power tone sounds, then release the POWER key. The
Welcome Page will appear while the unit conducts a self-test.
2. Once the self-test is complete, press the ENTER/MARK key, if you agree, to acknowledge the
warning.
The Status Page will appear as the receiver begins acquiring satellites. From the Status Page or any
other page, you may also adjust the screen contrast and backlighting.
To adjust the screen contrast, press LEFT or
RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD to move
the contrast slider.
To adjust the screen contrast:
1. Press POWER and the Light and Contrast window will appear.
2. To decrease or increase the screen contrast, press LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to finish.
The GPSMAP 162’s adjustable screen backlighting is controlled with the POWER key, and may be
adjusted at any time from any page. The backlight can cycle through off, user-defined, and maximum
backlight levels by repeatedly pressing the POWER key.
6
To turn on and adjust the backlighting:
Getting Started
1. Press POWER and the Light and Contrast window will appear.
2. Press POWER again and the user-defined level of backlighting will activate. You may adjust this
level by pressing UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD. If you press POWER one more time, the
backlighting will be at the maximum setting.
Backlighting/
Simulator Mode
3. Press ENTER/MARK or QUIT when done.
The backlight will now cycle through off, the user-defined, and maximum backlight levels by
repeatedly pressing the POWER key.
The GPSMAP 162’s Status Page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition, receiver status,
date, time and position coordinates. Each page of the GPSMAP 162’s system also features an options
menu, giving you access to other functions and features related to the specific page you are viewing. To
get a feel for how the options menus work, let’s put the GPSMAP 162 into simulator mode.
To place the GPSMAP 162 in simulator mode:
Press UP or DOWN on the ARROW
KEYPAD to move the backlighting
slider up for brighter or down for
dimmer backlighting..
1. From the Status Page, press the MENU key. A menu of options and functions for the Status Page
will appear.
2. Press UP DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Start Simulator’ option and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm the ‘Running Simulator’ message that appears at the
bottom of the display.
Once the simulator has been started, the status field at the top of the page will display a ‘Simulating
Navigation’ status. Now you’re ready to continue the rest of the simulated tour.
I
The GPSMAP 162 does not track satellites in simulator mode, and this mode should
never be used for actual navigation.
All the waypoint and route planning done in simulator mode will still be retained in memory
for future use.
When the unit is in simulator mode,
an ‘S’ will appear in the lower left
corner of every screen and the Satellite Page will show “Simulating Navigation.”
7
Getting Started
Status Page/
Map Page
The Status Page is one of five main pages used in the GPSMAP 162’s system. The five main pages
are: the Status Page, Map Page, Compass Page, Highway Page and Active Route Page. All five pages
are linked together in a simple chain, which allows you to scroll through the pages in either direction
using the PAGE and QUIT keys.
Status Page
Map Page
Compass Page
Highway Page
Active Route Page
To continue the tour, let’s move on to the next page, the Map Page.
To scroll to the next page in sequence:
1. Press the PAGE key.
The GPSMAP 162’s Map Page combines digital chartplotting with a user-selectable display of
navigation data and a built-in worldwide database to 20 mi. It will also be the page you use most to
create and edit waypoints and routes. Before we take off on our practice route, let’s take a brief look
at its various features and displays.
The map display shows your “boat” as a triangle marker on an electronically generated chart.
Geographic names, roads, markers and buoys that are provided by the optional MapSource data are
also shown. It also displays your track, routes and nearby waypoints. An on-screen cursor lets you
pan to other map areas, determine the range and bearing to a position, and perform various waypoint
and route functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable display of various
navigation data, including course, speed over ground, and bearing and distance to the cursor or a
particular waypoint. The current map scale setting is located at the bottom right of the page.
8
Getting Started
Using the Map Cursor
Working from the Map Page is a simple process that centers around the use of the cursor.
Controlled by the ARROW KEYPAD, the cursor is an important tool that can be used to pan to
other map locations, mark and edit waypoints and routes, and review position data of on-screen map
items and waypoints.
Map Cursor
To get a feel for using the Map Page and using the cursor, try the following exercise:
1. Use the IN/OUT keys to set the map scale to the 50 nm setting. Your boat should be near the center
of the map, at the receiver’s last known position. (If your boat isn’t where it should be, make sure
that you have initialized the receiver and acquired a position as described on pages 1-2.)
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor. Notice how another data field appears at the
top of the page, showing the bearing and distance from your boat to the cursor, along with the
latitude/longitude of the cursor.
Map Scale
3. Press the QUIT key to remove the cursor and re-center your boat on the map display.
As you become more familiar with the cursor, you’ll see that the map display actively scrolls or
‘pans’, letting you explore areas around the world and create waypoints and routes. Wherever you
move the cursor, you’ll always be just one QUIT keystroke away from returning the map to your
present position.
Now that you’ve seen how the Status and Map Pages can be used to monitor satellite acquisition
and your present location, let’s take a minute to learn how to mark and store your present position as
a waypoint. Since you’re in simulator mode, the present position displayed will be the last position
calculated by the receiver, which should be the spot where you’ve initialized the unit. This will also
give you an opportunity to see how the GPSMAP 162’s keypad and ENTER/MARK key are used for
data entry and changing the waypoint name and symbol.
Current position
Distance
Bearing
Map Cursor
Cursor Coordinates
9
Getting Started
Marking Waypoints
To mark your present position:
1. Hold down the ENTER/MARK key until the ‘New Waypoint’ window appears then release the
key. The window will show a default three-digit waypoint name/number (001), symbol (dot), and
position. You can leave the name as the auto-assigned number, but for this exercise, lets change
the name to ‘DOCK’.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint name field (001) and press ENTER/MARK.
You will see that just the first ‘0’ is now highlighted.
3. Press LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to clear the name field.
Press ENTER/MARK after entering
the name.
4. Press the UP or DOWN arrow of the ARROW KEYPAD until the letter ‘D’ appears, and then press
the RIGHT arrow key to go to the next space to the right, then UP or DOWN again until ‘O’ appears.
Repeat this until you have entered the name ‘DOCK’. If you make a mistake and select an incorrect
character, simply press LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to backspace the cursor and then UP or
DOWN to correct the entry. If you accidentally press ENTER/MARK before you are done, simply
press ENTER/MARK again and move the highlight to where you left off.
5. After you have entered all the letters, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the name.
6. To access the waypoint symbol menu, highlight the waypoint symbol field which is to the left of the
waypoint’s name and press ENTER/MARK. Note: The default symbol is a dot.
7. You will see an alphabetical list of available waypoint symbols to choose from. Press the ARROW
KEYPAD UP or DOWN until you highlight the ‘ANCHOR’ symbol. You will see a scroll bar on the
right of the window indicating your current position on the entire list of symbols.
8. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm the ‘ANCHOR’ symbol.
9. Highlight ‘OK’ at the bottom of the window and press ENTER/MARK again to confirm the ‘OK’
prompt and save the waypoint. You may also press QUIT to not save the waypoint.
You can choose from a list of 38 useful
symbols.
10
The waypoint is now stored in memory. Note that waypoints may also be created graphically from
the map display or by manually entering position coordinates. Each of these techniques is described in
the reference section of the manual and/or on your GPSMAP 162 Quick Reference Guide.
Going to a Destination
GPS is all about marking positions as waypoints and navigating to them using the receiver’s steering
guidance and map displays. We’ve already seen how to use the ENTER/MARK key to store our present
position, so it’s time to move on to the fun part—going to a destination.
The NAV/MOB key, located on the right side of the keypad below the QUIT key, is the primary
tool used to select a destination waypoint, TracBack, or a route to navigate. The NAV/MOB key can
be used in three primary ways:
• Pressing NAV/MOB once displays a list of options from which you can select ‘Go To Waypoint’,
‘Follow Route’, ‘Follow Track’, or ‘Stop Navigation’.
• Holding down NAV/MOB, or pressing the key 2 times, activates the MOB (Man OverBoard)
feature. This marks the point at which the MOB was activated as a waypoint named “MOB” and
also establishes it as an active “Go To” point.
• Highlighting an on-screen waypoint or map item as a destination directly from the Map Page
and pressing NAV/MOB allows you to graphically select points to “Go To”.
Getting Started
Using the NAV/MOB Key
Text entry for simulator position.
For our simulated trip, you’re going to select a pre-programmed tour route using the first method.
This will also show you how the MENU key provides tab style options and functions throughout the
GPSMAP system. Let’s start by changing the position to where the practice route is located.
To change the GPSMAP 162 position in simulator mode:
1. From the Status Page, press the MENU key. The options menu will appear, displaying a menu of
options and functions for the Status Page.
2. Press UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Initialize Position’ option and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. From the Initialize Position page, press the MENU key. You will see ‘Enter As Text’ highlighted,
then press ENTER/MARK.
4. On the Enter Position window, press ENTER/MARK then use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter
N34°56.800’, W076°24.066’ and press ENTER/MARK when done.
For future practice, you may skip
steps 3 and 4 and point to a location
from the Initialize Position page.
11
Getting Started
Simulated Tour
Let’s give it a try by activating the practice route stored in memory for navigation:
1. Press NAV/MOB. The options list will appear. (If we were selecting a single waypoint to navigate
to rather than a route, we could highlight the waypoint on the map, press NAV/MOB and then
press ENTER/MARK.)
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Follow Route’ option. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
3. The Select Route page will appear with the ‘GPSMAP TOUR’ route highlighted.
4. Press ENTER/MARK, then highlight ‘Activate’ and press ENTER/MARK again.
To get a better view of what’s going on, zoom in to a closer map scale.
1. Repeatedly press the IN key until you select the 3 nm scale.
You can also Invert a route to follow
it in reverse.
Note: You may also hold the IN or OUT keys down to quickly scroll through the map scales.
The Map Page should now display five waypoints chained together in a simple route, with your boat
at the first route waypoint.
A data field at the top of the page will now display the speed, distance to the second route
waypoint, and a pointer which shows you which way to go. To get started, let’s enter a speed for our
vessel, which we can do from the Main Menu Page.
To enter a boat speed:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Systm’ tab. Press RIGHT, then DOWN until the field
below the word ‘Speed’ is highlighted and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a speed of 60 knots.
4. Press ENTER/MARK to finish, and QUIT until you return to the Map Page.
The Set Position, Track Control, Track
and Speed fields will only show while
in simulator mode.
12
Once a speed has been entered, you’ll notice that the map will automatically begin to move slowly,
keeping your boat centered on the display. The direction of movement, also called ‘track’, will be
controlled by the simulator.
You’ll now have a clearer picture of the route you are navigating. Keep in mind that whenever you
do exceed the usable range of the built-in database or the optional MapSource data in use, the range
field will display ‘overzoom’ or ‘NO MAP’ to indicate that you should exercise extreme caution using the
map data. Press the IN key to zoom into the 2 nm scale. Now that you’ve zoomed in a little closer to
your route, you can pan ahead of your vessel with the cursor to review map items and create on-screen
waypoints. Try moving the cursor to highlight the ‘TOUR3’ waypoint— just use the ARROW KEYPAD
to move the cursor as close as possible to the waypoint. (To move the cursor in small increments, try
a series of short key presses.)
Once the cursor is over the TOUR3 waypoint, you’ll notice that the waypoint symbol and name will
become highlighted or “selected.” The data field at the top of the page will display the waypoint name,
the range and bearing from your present position, and the coordinates for the waypoint.
Getting Started
Reviewing/Creating
Map Waypoints
To review the waypoint page for a selected waypoint:
1. Press the ENTER/MARK key.
2. To return to the Map Page, press ENTER/MARK again or press QUIT.
The waypoint will ‘highlight’ when
the cursor is moved over it.
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints right from the map display.
To create a new waypoint using the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to a new position on the map that is NOT a map
feature (such as a city, road or lake).
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key to capture the cursor position. The New Map Waypoint page appears.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint symbol field to the left of the waypoint
name/number.
4. Press ENTER/MARK to access the symbol page.
5. Press UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Shipwreck’ symbol and press
ENTER/MARK to confirm.
6. Highlight ‘OK’ at the bottom and press ENTER/MARK again to save the waypoint.
Waypoint numbering will start with
001 and continually count up, even
if the waypoint name has been
13
Getting Started
Now that we’re navigating to an actual destination, let’s move on to the GPSMAP 162 navigation
pages by pressing the PAGE key.
Compass/Highway
Navigation Pages
Data Fields
Current
Destination
The GPSMAP 162 features two different navigation pages: the Compass and Highway pages. The
Compass Page is first. This page provides graphic steering guidance to a destination waypoint, with an
emphasis on the bearing to your destination and current direction of travel. (The Highway Page places
greater emphasis on the straight-line desired course and the distance and direction you are off course.)
The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your course over ground (track)
while you’re moving, and a bearing pointer that indicates the direction of the destination (bearing)
relative to the course over ground. The compass ring and pointer arrow work independently to
show—at a glance—the direction of your movement and the direction to your destination. For
instance, if the arrow points up, you are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any
direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up, then continue in that direction.
The current speed, distance to the next waypoint and the time to the next waypoint are displayed
at the top of the screen. This page provides better steering guidance than the Highway Page when
traveling at slower speeds and/or when making frequent directional changes. When you are not
navigating to a waypoint, the compass ring will show your direction of travel as you move but the
arrow will not appear.
Compass Ring
14
Pointer Arrow
Let’s move on to the Highway page by pressing the PAGE key.
The GPSMAP 162’s Highway Page also provides graphic steering guidance to a destination
waypoint. As you head toward your destination, the middle of the screen provides visual guidance to
your waypoint on a moving graphic “highway.” Your present position is at the bottom center of the
highway display. The line down the middle of the highway represents your desired course. As you
navigate toward a waypoint, the highway will actually move—indicating the direction you’re off course.
To stay on course, simply steer toward the center of the highway or “keep it on the road.” The six
default data fields at the top of the page indicate Speed, Distance To your destination (or the next
waypoint in a route), ‘To Course’ which shows the bearing to get you back on course, the distance
you are ‘Off Course’, Time To the Next waypoint, and compass Track you are heading. Use the
Highway Page as your primary navigation page (in lieu of the Compass Page) when your main concern
is following a defined course.
Getting Started
Highway Page
Data Fields
Whenever the GPSMAP 162 is in simulator mode, you can also adjust your speed and course from
the Highway Page using the ARROW KEYPAD. As you head toward each waypoint in the tour route,
try adjusting your boat speed and course to get a feel for how the highway works.
Current
Waypoint
To adjust the simulated boat speed from the Highway Page:
1. Press the UP arrow of the ARROW KEYPAD to increase the speed in 10 knot/kph/mph increments.
Press the DOWN arrow to decrease the speed in the same increments.
To steer the boat:
1. Press the LEFT and RIGHT arrows of the ARROW KEYPAD.
Notice that as you get off course, the highway will move to give you graphic guidance to get back
on course. You can zoom in or out on the Highway Page display for a smaller or larger view. Five
available settings range from 1X to 16X, with a default setting of 8X. The current scale will appear
in the bottom right of the display.
Desired Course
Zoom Scale
Present Position
To zoom in or out on the Highway Page display:
1. Press either the IN or OUT key to increase or decrease the zoom scale.
15
Getting Started
Data Fields/Active Route Page/
Main Menu Page
The data fields on the main pages (except the Status and Active Route Pages) may also be configured
to display any of 26 information categories (see pages 33-34 for the complete list). On the Highway
Page, let’s change the ‘TO COURSE’ field to ‘TURN’.
To change a data field:
1. Press the MENU key to display the Highway Page options.
2. Press DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Once the menu window disappears, use the ARROW KEYPAD and highlight ‘TO COURSE’, then
press ENTER/MARK.
4. On the alphabetical list of options, press the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN until you highlight
‘TURN’ and press ENTER/MARK. You will see a scroll bar on the right side of the window indicating
your current position on the entire list of options.
5. Press QUIT when done.
You may choose from 26 different
types of data.
Submenu
Tabs
Menu
Tabs
Press PAGE to see the last page appearing in the main sequence, which is the Active Route Page.
Whenever you have activated a route or TracBack, this page will show each waypoint name along with
useful data for each point. As you navigate the route, the information will automatically update to
indicate the next point along the route, which is denoted by an arrow on the left-hand side of the
screen. For more detailed information on the Active Route Page, see page 58.
As you’ve seen, the primary pages provide status, map, and navigation information. The tour’s last
page is the Main Menu page, which allows access to the GPSMAP 162’s waypoint, route and planning
functions, as well as various operational and navigation setup features, and celestial and tide data.
The Main Menu is available from any page, and is accessed through the MENU key.
To access the main menu page:
1. Press the MENU key twice.
The Main Menu page lists 13 menu ‘tabs’ that are divided into categories by function. You can
view a particular menu by simply highlighting the desired tab, which will then show any secondary
submenu tabs and options for that tab.
16
To get a feel for how the Main Menu page works, let’s clear out the track log you created during
the simulated tour. This will ensure that you have a clean slate once you start navigating in your
home waters.
To select the Track submenu tab:
Getting Started
Deleting Track Logs/
Powering Off Unit
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Track’ menu tab. You will see the options for the Track
tab appear to the right of the Main Menu list.
2. Press to the right one time on the ARROW KEYPAD and you will see ‘Active’ highlighted.
The Track Log Page allows you to specify whether to record a track plot, define how it is recorded
and save your current track log. It also provides both an indicator of the percentage of total memory
used and the individual options to save or clear the active track log.
Submenu Tabs
To clear the active track log:
1. Highlight the ‘Clear’ option and press ENTER/MARK. A confirmation page will appear.
2. Highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
3. Press PAGE or QUIT to return to any of the main pages.
Congratulations! You’ve now gone through the basic operation of the GARMIN GPSMAP 162.
Your new digital chartplotter is a powerful tool with many advanced features not covered in the Getting
Started tour. For detailed instructions on using these features or performing a specific task, please refer
to the Quick Reference Guide or the appropriate reference section of this manual.
To turn the GPSMAP 162 off:
Submenu Options
1. Press and hold the POWER key for about 2 seconds, until the screen is blank.
2. When the screen is blank, release the POWER key.
The next section of the manual describes the pages and functions of the GPSMAP 162 in detail.
If you are unable to locate a specific option or function, please refer to the index on pages 85-87.
Thank you for choosing the GARMIN GPSMAP 162 navigation unit. We hope it will be a useful and
fun tool for you wherever you go!
17
Reference
Status Page
Status Page
Signal Strength Bars
Receiver Status
Accuracy
Sky View
DOP
DGPS
Status
Date
Time
Position Coordinates
Ready for use
Collecting data
Searching for a Signal
18
The GPSMAP 162 Status Page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition, receiver status,
date, time and position coordinates. The status information will give you an idea of what the receiver is
doing at any given moment. The sky view and signal strength bars indicate which satellites are visible
to the receiver and whether or not they are being tracked. The signal strength is shown on a bar graph
for each satellite, with the satellite number below. As the receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength
bar will appear for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite number (01-32) underneath each
bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Light signal strength bars— the receiver has found the satellite(s) and is collecting data.
• Dark signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite(s) are
ready for use.
Each satellite has a data transmission that must be collected (light bar status) before that satellite
may be used for navigation (dark bar status). When the receiver is looking for a particular satellite,
the corresponding signal strength bar will be blank and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted.
Once the receiver has found the satellite, a light signal strength bar will appear, indicating that the
satellite has been found. When the receiver has collected data from the satellite and locked on, the
number in the sky view will appear highlighted and the status bar will become dark.
As soon as the GPSMAP 162 has collected the necessary data from the best satellites in view to
calculate a fix, the status field will indicate a 2D or 3D tatus. The unit will then update the position,
date and time.
You can use the sky view to help determine if any satellites are being blocked, and whether you
have a current position fix (indicated by a ‘2D Navigation’ or ‘3D Navigation’ in the status field). The
sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative to the receiver’s last known
position. The outer circle represents the horizon (north up), the inner circle 45º above the horizon,
and the center point a position directly overhead. You can also set the sky view to a ‘Track Up’
configuration, causing the top of the sky view to align along your current track heading.
Receiver Status, Accuracy and DOP
Receiver status is indicated at the top field of the page, with the current Accuracy and Dilution
Of Precision (DOP) to the right of the sky view. DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality
measured on a scale of one to ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). Accuracy
uses DOP and other factors to calculate horizontal position accuracy in feet or meters. The status field
will show one of the following conditions:
Reference
Status Page
• Looking For Satellites— the receiver is looking for any satellites.
• AutoLocate— the receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. This
process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites— the receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites visible at its
last known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to calculate a fix.
• 2D Navigation— at least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and a 2
dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode and a ‘D’ will show on
the strength bar of satellites being corrected.
• 3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and your
position is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D Differential Navigation’
will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode and a ‘D’ will show on the
strength bar of satellites being corrected.
• Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to interference or abnormal
satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
• Simulating Navigation— the receiver is in simulator mode.
19
Reference
The ‘DGPS Rcvr’ and ‘Diff SNR’ fields appear below the ‘Accuracy’ and ‘DOP’ fields. The
Differential Receiver status will show one of the following:
Status Page Options
• Off— No optional beacon receiver attached or enabled in the Comm menu
• No Signal— DGPS receiver attached, but not transmitting RTCM data to GPS
• Tuning— Receiver is tuning manual frequency
• Scanning— DGPS receiver is scanning for available frequency
• Rcving— Unit is receiving DGPS corrections
DGPS Receiver Status
• Chk Wiring— DGPS is enabled in Comm menu, but no DGPS receiver attached or bad
corrections
• WAAS— The unit is receiving ‘WAAS’ data
The Differential SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) indicates, on a scale to 0-30db with 30db being
the best, the strength of the DGPS signal being received. If no optional DGPS receiver is used with
the GPSMAP 162, the ‘DGPS Rcvr’ field will display ‘Off’ and the ‘DGPS SNR’ field will be blank.
The SNR will depend upon the mounting of your DGPS receiver and the distance from the DGPS
transmitting station.
SNR Strength
Many features of the GPSMAP 162 are menu-driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
that specifically relate to that page.
The GPSMAP 162’s Status Page features an options menu that provides access to functions and
features relating to the Status Page.
To display the Status Page options:
1. Press MENU.
To select a menu option:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
20
The following options are available:
• Start/Stop Simulator— allows you put the unit in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour
for more on using simulator mode.
Reference
Status Page Options
• Enable/Disable WAAS— allows you to activate or deactivate WAAS. ‘WAAS’ is an acronym for
“Wide Area Augmentation System’. You can use the WAAS capability to increase the accuracy of
the GPSMAP 162. When enabled, the GPS receiver searches for a WAAS satellite, then receives
data that will help correct differentials in the GPS signal. When the unit is using WAAS data,
“WAAS” will be displayed in the ‘DGPS Rcvr’ field on the Status Page, and the receiver status
will indicate a 2D or 3D Differential Location.
Currently, the WAAS system is not fully operational and there are only two satellites in
place—one over the Pacific Ocean and one over the Atlantic Ocean. You must have a clear,
unobstructed view of the sky for the GPSMAP 162 to be able to receive a WAAS signal. Even
then, at times it may not be possible to receive a WAAS signal. For more information on the
WAAS system, visit the Federal Aviation Administration web site at (gps.faa.gov).
• Track Up/North Up— allows you to select between a north up or track up sky view display
for the Status Page only.
• Loran TD On/Off— allows you to toggle the position coordinate format between latitude/
longitude and Loran TD (Time Delays). For setup of Loran TD, see pages 72-73.
Status Page Options
• AutoLocate— allows the receiver to locate your position automatically. This process can take
up to five minutes.
• Initialize Position— allows you to initialize the receiver graphically on the Map Page to initially
help the receiver acquire more quickly. See pages 4-5 for instructions on initialization.
• Set 2D Altitude— allows you to manually enter the altitude when in 2D Navigation or
Simulator mode only. Any altitude entered will be automatically calculated when the GPS is
21
Map Page
Reference
The GPSMAP 162’s Map Page provides a comprehensive display of electronic cartography, plotting
and navigational data. When using the unit with the optional MapSource software, the map display
shows your boat on a digital chart, complete with geographic names, map items, navaids and a host
of other chart features. It also plots your track and displays any routes and waypoints you create. An
on-screen cursor lets you pan and scroll to other map areas, determine the distance and bearing to a
position, and perform various route and waypoint functions.
Map Page
When the cursor is active, an additional data window will appear below the data fields to indicate
the position, range and bearing to the cursor or a selected waypoint or map item. The map scale
displays at the bottom right of the page.
Data Fields
Land
User
Waypoint
Map
Item
Boat Icon
Water
Navaid
Geographic Name
Map Page shown using optional
MapSource data.
22
Map Scale
The IN and OUT keys, combined with the ARROW KEYPAD, let you select zoom ranges and
move the cursor. Two basic map operating modes, position mode and cursor mode, determine what
cartography is shown on the map display. Position mode pans the cartography to keep the present
position marker within the display area, while cursor mode pans the cartography to keep the cursor
within the display area.
The GPSMAP system will always power up in the position mode, with your vessel centered on
the map display.
• When sufficient map coverage is not available to keep the boat centered, the boat icon will
move toward the edge of the display.
• If the boat icon attempts to go off the display, the zoom level may need to be adjusted to
keep cartography on screen.
When the ARROW KEYPAD is pressed, the GPSMAP 162 will enter cursor mode. In cursor
mode:
• The cursor can be moved over the map display using the ARROW KEYPAD.
Reference
Map Page Cursor
• When the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the map will scroll forward under the cursor.
Keep in mind that the boat icon will move with the map scrolling and may go off the display
screen (you may not be able to see your present position).
• When the cursor is stationary, a fixed coordinate position will appear in the position field. Note
that the distance and bearing will change as the boat’s position changes.
• Whenever you zoom in cursor mode, the cursor will be centered on screen.
• To return to position mode, press the QUIT key.
F
When the cursor reaches the edge of the map, the unit may pause as it loads new
map data.
Using the Cursor
The cursor allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll to other map areas around
the world (even outside of your current MapSource coverage). As you pan past the edge of the current
map display, the screen will actively scroll forward to provide continuous map coverage.
Move the cursor over an item on the
map to highlight it.
To move the cursor:
1. Press the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor in an up, down, left or right direction.
As you move the cursor, the distance and bearing from your present position to the cursor will be
displayed on the data window, along with the cursor’s position coordinates. Keep in mind that when
the cursor is stationary, the distance and bearing from your present position will change as your boat
moves. The cursor may also be used to “snap to” on-screen waypoints and map items, allowing you to
review a selected position directly from the map display.
23
Reference
To hide the cursor and re-center your position on screen:
1. Press the QUIT key.
Map Page Cursor
To select an on-screen waypoint or map item with the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or map item (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in for a closer view).
2. When a waypoint or map item is selected, it will become highlighted on the screen with the name
and position displayed.
With an on-screen waypoint or map item selected, you may review additional details by pushing
the ENTER/MARK button. If a map item or waypoint includes more than one map feature (like a
town, city, intersection, road, lake or river), details for each feature at that location will be displayed in a
tabbed format on the Map Feature Review page.
To view information about a map item:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight a map item with the cursor and press ENTER/MARK. The
Map Feature Review page will appear.
Pressing ENTER/MARK while
highlighting a map item will bring
up additional details and options.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to view the tabbed information. Each tab shows the name of the map
feature, the distance and bearing from your current location, and offers additional options.
3. To center the selected map item on the Map Page, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Show
on Map’ button and press ENTER/MARK. The ‘Map Feature’ page appears with the map feature
name, distance and bearing from your current position, and position coordinates. Press QUIT once
to return to the Map Feature Review page, or press QUIT twice to return to the Map Page.
4. To create a waypoint at the selected map location, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Create
Waypt’ and press ENTER/MARK. The New Waypoint page appears with the name of the map
item set as the default waypoint name (see “Creating Waypoints Graphically” on page 39 for more
information on creating a waypoint).
24
5. To return to the Map Page, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ button and press
ENTER/MARK, or just press the QUIT key.
Reference
With MapSource Fishing HotSpots data loaded into the GPSMAP 162, additional details are
available when you highlight a point on the map within a Fishing Hot Spots coverage area. Fishing
Hot Spots data provides detailed information in tabbed format such as shoreline, depth contours,
submerged objects, swimming areas, navigational aids, mile markers, boat ramps, marinas, facilities,
lake profiles and fishing areas. Lake profiles include details about size, depth, water source, shoreline,
bottom conditions and vegetation. Fishing area information describes the area, the type of fish found
there, the best time of year to fish that area, and the best types of lures for catching certain fish
in that area.
Map Page Cursor
To view Fishing Hot Spots information:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select a map item or map location within the Fishing Hot Spots
coverage area and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to view the tabbed information pages for that location. Highlight ‘OK’
and press ENTER/MARK when you’re finished. You may also select the ‘Create Waypt’ or ‘Show on
Map’ options the same as with a non-MapSource map item.
Viewing Fishing Hot Spots information
To read all the information in a ‘Fishing Hot Spots Map’ tab:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the text (the entire text field will be highlighted).
2. Press ENTER/MARK. A single line of the text field will now be highlighted.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the text.
4. When you’re finished, press ENTER/MARK. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to view other tabbed
information or select other options, or select ‘OK’ to return to the Map Page.
25
Reference
Map Page Cursor
To view information about a waypoint:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select a waypoint with the cursor and press ENTER/MARK. The
Waypoint Review page will appear. If the waypoint is located on a map feature (road, intersection,
city, lake, etc.), details about each map feature at that location will be displayed in a tabbed format
behind the Waypoint Review Page.
2. From the Waypoint Review Page, you may change the waypoint symbol, name, coordinates, or
depth; start a GoTo, Delete the Waypoint or return to the Map Page (see “Reviewing and Editing
Waypoints” on page 38 for more information).
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to view the tabbed Map Feature Information pages. Each tab shows
the name of the map feature, the distance and bearing from your current location, and offers
additional options.
Viewing Waypoint Information
4. To center the selected map item on the Map Page, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Show
on Map’ button and press ENTER/MARK. The ‘Map Feature’ page appears with the map feature
name, distance and bearing from your current position, and position coordinates. Press QUIT once
to return to the Map Feature Review page, or press QUIT twice to return to the Map Page.
5. To create a waypoint from one of the tabbed information pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to
highlight ‘Create Waypt’ and press ENTER/MARK. The New Waypoint page appears with the name
of the map item set as the default waypoint name (see “Creating Waypoints Graphically” on page
39 for more information on creating a waypoint).
6. To return to the Map Page, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ button and press
ENTER/MARK, or press the QUIT key.
To create a waypoint with the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired map position.
New Map Waypoint Page
26
2. Press and quickly release the ENTER/MARK key. The ‘New Map Waypoint’ page appears.
3. To change the waypoint symbol, name or position coordinates, or enter a depth, use the ARROW
KEYPAD to select the desired field, then press ENTER/MARK. Make your changes and press
ENTER/MARK again to accept the changes.
4. When you are finished making changes, or to accept the waypoint using the default 3-digit name
and symbol, highlight the ‘OK’ button and press ENTER/MARK to save the new waypoint.
Reference
Map Page Cursor
and Zooming
For more information, see “Creating Waypoints” on page 38.
Selecting Map Scales
The map display has 28 available range scales from 20 ft. to 800 mi. (6 mt. to 1200 km). The
map scale is controlled by the IN and OUT keys, with the current scale displayed at the bottom
right of the data window.
To select a map scale:
1. Press the OUT key to zoom out and the IN key to zoom in.
F
Creating a New Map Waypoint
The scale value represents the distance from one end of the scale bar to the other.
The GPSMAP 162’s system has a built-in worldwide database to 20 mi, with more detailed
coverage available through the use of the optional MapSource software. The GPSMAP 162 will display
cartography as long as there is chart information available for the range you’ve selected. Map coverage
will conform to the following conditions:
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal database or MapSource data,
cartography will be displayed.
Using Built-In Basemap
Using MapSource Data
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal database and MapSource data,
cartography will be displayed using the data with the best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the data in use, overzoom cartography
will be displayed and an ‘overzoom’ warning will appear below the scale field.
Overzoom, no additional data
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Reference
Map Page Options
Map Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 162 are menu driven. Each of the main pages have an options
menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special
features that specifically relate to that page. The data window, located at the top of the main pages
(Except the Status Page and Active Route Page), provides a user-selectable layout of various types of
useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one of 23 data options. The data
window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields and change the actual size of
the data displayed.
The GPSMAP 162’s Map Page provides access to functions and features relating to the Map Page
and the layout options.
To display the Map Page options:
1. Press MENU.
To select a menu option:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
Map Page Options
The available options are Full Screen Map On/Full Screen Map Off, Measure Distance, Configure
Map, Setup Page Layout, and Change Data Fields. Following are details on using each of these options.
• Full Screen Map On/Full Screen Map Off — toggles between a Map Page without or with data
fields on the map display.
To maximize the map/show data fields:
1. Highlight the ‘Full Screen Map On’ option and press ENTER/MARK. The Map Page will now be
maximized with no data fields.
2. To show the data fields again, press MENU, highlight ‘Full Screen Map Off’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
28
• Measure Distance— allows you to measure the bearing and distance between any two points on
the map display.
Reference
Map Page Options
To measure the bearing and distance (BRG/DIS) between two points:
1. Highlight the ‘Measure Distance’ option and press ENTER/MARK. An on-screen pointer will appear
on the map display at your present position with ‘ENT REF’ below it.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you want to measure from) and
press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move the cursor to the point that you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from the
reference point will be displayed in the data window at the top of the display.
4. Press the QUIT key to finish.
• Configure Map— allows you to configure the map display to your preferences, including map detail,
map orientation, automatic zoom, and various map items and points. The map configuration option
uses a ‘file tab’ feature, making it easier to organize the various settings for ease of use. The following
table lists the file tabs and the settings available under each tab:
General
Detail, Orientation, AutoZoom, Color Mode
Source
Basemap, MapSource
Waypoints
Waypoints, Active Route
Points
Spot Soundings, Tide Stations. Services, Navaids
Nav Line
Heading Line, Bearing Line, Course Line
Track
Saved Tracks, Track Log
Geo
Geo Points, Rivers/Lakes, Park Areas
Topo
Major/Medium/Minor Contours, Land Cover
Other
Accuracy Circle, Lat/Lon Grid, Map Outlines
Distance
Bearing
Map
Cursor
(Full Screen Map Shown)
29
Reference
Map Page Options
To change a map setup feature:
1. From the Map Page menu, highlight ‘Configure Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired tab, then UP or DOWN on
the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the setting you want to change and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the desired setting and press
ENTER/MARK.
4. To exit, press QUIT.
Map Configuration Tabs
Main Menu— Map Configuration Tab
General Tab
Source Tab
30
The Waypoints, Points, Track, Geo, and Topo Tabs have settings for either ‘Text’, ‘Zoom’ or both.
Below is a description for each setting and how it will affect the Map Page.
Text— None, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the name.
Zoom— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the feature should appear
on the screen. Some types of data will only show up to certain zoom scales.
General Tab
Detail— Most, More, Normal, Less, Least: controls how much map detail you will see. This
setting only applies to any map feature set to “Auto”. Those features which have a specified
scale or turned “Off” are unaffected by this setting.
Orientation— North Up— fixes the top of the map display to a north heading; Track Up—
fixes the top of the map display to the current track heading; Course Up— fixes the map so the
direction of navigation is always “up” and turns the navigation leg line vertical on the screen.
AutoZoom— On/Off: when “On” the map will automatically adjust the map scale to a lower
scale as you approach you destination point.
Color Mode— Water Mode, Land Mode: when in “Water Mode”, land will appear as a dark
color and water will be light. In “Land Mode”, land will appear as a light color and water
will be dark.
Source Tab
Basemap— On/Off: turns the built in base map on or off.
MapSource— On/Off: turns the optional MapSource data loaded in the unit on or off.
Waypoints Tab— Waypoints, Active Route
Text and Zoom settngs, see the description on page 30 for details.
Points Tab— Spot Soundings, Tide Stations. Services, Navaids
Text and Zoom settngs, see the description on page 30 for details.
Nav Line Tab
Heading Line— On/Off: turns the Heading Line on or off. The Heading Line projects from the
tiranle showing your current heading.
Bearing Line— Auto, Off, 20 ft-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at wihch the Bearing Line
should appear on the screen The Bearing Line shows the bearing from your current location
to a destination waypoint.
, Course Line— Auto, Off, 20 ft-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which the Course Line
should appear on the screen, The Course Line shows a direct navigation line from the point
navigation was initiated to a destination waypoint.
Track Tab— Saved Tracks, Track Log
Zoom settng, see the description on page 30 for details.
Geo Tab— Geo Points, Rivers/Lakes, Park Areas
Text and Zoom settngs, see the description on page 30 for details.
Topo Tab— Major/Medium/Minor Contours, Land Cover
Text and Zoom settngs, see the description on page 30 for details.
Other Tab
Accuracy Circle— On/Off: toggles the circle “On” and “Off”. The circle represents the approximate accuracy of the unit based on EPE, DOP, and basemap quality. You position will be
within the circle.
Lat/Lon Grid—Text and Zoom settings determine when the grid and lables will be displayed on
the Map Page. See the description for the Text and Zoom settings on page 30 for details.
Map Outlines—On/Off toggles the outline showing areas of MapSource Data that are loaded
in the unit.
Reference
Map Page Options
Waypoints Tab
Nav Line Tab
Geo Tab
Other Tab
Points Tab
Track Tab
Topo Tab
31
Reference
Map Page Options
Map Setup Menu Options
From the map setup page, you can access the following menu options:
• Restore Defaults— restores settings back to factory settings for the tab highlighted.
• Restore All Map Defaults— restores settings back to factory settings for all tabs.
• MapSource Info— allows you to display/not display optional map sets loaded in the unit.
To restore defaults for map settings:
1. From the Map tab in the Main Menu, highlight the Map Configuration tab that you want to restore
to the factory default settings, and press MENU.
Map Setup Menu Options
2. Highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ (highlight ‘Restore All Map Defaults’ if you want all tabs restored) and
press ENTER/MARK.
MapSource Info— shows the number of maps downloaded from the optional MapSource software
package. Each downloaded map is described by name, and may be deselected if you wish to retain the
map in memory, but not display the data on the Map Page.
To display the MapSource Info Page:
1. From the Map tab, press MENU then highlight ‘MapSource Info’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list of downloaded maps.
3. To select/deselect a map, highlight the name of the desired map. Press ENTER/MARK to select/
deselect the map. The map is selected and will be displayed on the Map Page when a “9” appears
in the box adjacent to that map. You may also press MENU and choose to ‘Show All’ or ‘Show
None’ and press ENTER/MARK.
MapSource Info Page
32
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to change the text size and number of data fields that will be
displayed. The following options are available:
• None— No data fields will be displayed
• Small (1 Row) Small text, 4 data fields
• Small (2 Rows) Small text, 8 data fields
• Small (3 Rows) Small text, 12 data fields
• Medium (1 Row) Medium text, 3 data fields • Medium (2 Rows) Medium text, 6 data fields
• Large (1 Row) Large text, 1 data field
• Huge (1 Row) Huge text 1 data field
• Huge (2 Rows)* Huge text with a compass ribbon at the bottom of the display, 2 data fields
* This option is available only on the Compass Page.
To change the page layout:
1. From the menu, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Setup Page Layout’ option and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Move up or down on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the desired setting and press
ENTER/MARK. To exit, press QUIT.
Reference
Map Page Options
• Change Data Fields — allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field used
on the map display.
The following options are available for Map page data fields (and on the Highway and Compass pages):
• BEARING – Compass direction from your position to destination
• COURSE – Course over ground
• DEPTH – Depth below transducer (only available with additional sonar NMEA data)
• DIST TO DEST – Distance to final waypoint
• DIST TO NEXT – Distance to next waypoint
• ETA AT DEST – Estimated Time of Arrival to final waypoint
• ETA AT NEXT – Estimated Time of Arrival to next waypoint
• ELEVATION – Elevation above/below MSL (Mean Sea Level)
• MAX SPEED – Fastest speed the unit has traveled
• MOV AVG SPEED – Average moving speed
• MOV TRIP TIMER – Time unit has been moving for a trip
• OFF COURSE – Distance from desired track
• POINTER – Arrow points to your destination
• SPEED – Speed over ground/water
• TIME OF DAY – Current time
• TIME TO DEST – Time to final waypoint at current speed and course
• TIME TO NEXT – Time to next waypoint at current speed and course
Choose the size and number of data
fields you wish to display.
33
Reference
Map Page Options
continued
Data Field Options continued
• TO COURSE – Distance to desired track
• TRACK – Current compass heading
• TRIP ODOM – Trip Odometer
• TTL AVG SPEED – Total average speed
• TTL TRIP TIMER – Total travel time of trip, stopped and moving
• TURN – Turn angle to waypoint
• VMG – Velocity Made Good to destination
• WATER SPEED – Speed through the water (only available with additional sonar NMEA data)
• WATER TEMP – Water temperature (only available with additional sonar NMEA data)
To change a data field:
Choose the type of data you wish to
display for each field.
34
1. From the menu, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move up or down on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display, and press
ENTER/MARK. To exit, press QUIT.
Compass Page
The GPSMAP 162 features two different navigation pages: Compass and Highway. Whenever a
NAV/MOB, Follow Track (TracBack) or Follow Route have been activated, the GPSMAP 162’s Compass
Page will guide you to your destination with digital readouts and a graphic compass display, which
includes a bearing pointer. Use this page (instead of the Highway Page) when travelling at slower
speeds, when making frequent directional changes, or where straight-line navigation is not possible due
to obstructions or terrain. The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your
course over ground (track) while you’re moving. Your present course over ground is indicated at the
top of the compass ring. A bearing pointer, in the middle of the compass ring, indicates the direction
of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over ground. The compass ring and pointer arrow
work independently to show—at a glance—the direction of your movement and the direction to your
destination. For instance, if the arrow points up, you are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow
points any direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up, then continue in that
direction.
Reference
Compass
Data Fields
Current
Go To
Compass
Ring
The GPSMAP 162’s Compass Page features a menu page that provides access to layout and data
field options. The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable layout of
various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one of 23 data options.
The data window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields and change the actual
size of the data displayed.
Bearing
Pointer
Huge (2 Rows) Option
To display the Compass Page options:
1. Press MENU.
Current
Go To
Bearing
Line
To select a menu option:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK. For detailed
instructions on changing the data fields and layout of the Compass Page, see pages 32-34.
Compass
Ribbon
When using the ‘Huge (2 rows)’
option, steer until the bearing line is
aligned with the course arrow.
Course
Arrow
35
Highway Page
Reference
Whenever a NAV/MOB, TracBack or route has been activated, the GPSMAP 162’s Highway Page
will provide digital and graphic steering guidance to the destination with the Navigation Page. The top
half of the Highway Page features user-selectable data fields that display useful navigation data. The
middle section of the screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a graphic highway display.
The line down the center of the highway represents your desired track line.
Highway Page
Data Fields
Route
Points
Current
Go To
Zoom Scale
Desired Track Line
Current Position
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective moves to indicate your progress to
the waypoint and which direction you should steer to stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the
Highway Page shows each route waypoint in sequence connected by a black “road” with a white line
down the middle, which is your desired track line. Nearby waypoints not in the active route can also
be displayed. The highway perspective scale may also be zoomed in or out to display a larger or smaller
view of the highway. Five settings are available from 1X to 16X, with a default setting of 8X.
To change the highway perspective scale:
1. Press the IN or OUT key to select the desired setting.
The GPSMAP 162’s Highway options page allows you to define the data fields and select which
waypoints are displayed on screen. The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a userselectable layout of various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one
of 26 data options. The data window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields and
change the actual size of the data displayed.
The GPSMAP 162’s Highway Page features a menu options page that provides access to functions
and features relating to the Highway Page and the layout options.
To display the Highway Page options:
1. Press MENU.
You can configure the page to show
the active point only and also zoom in
or out to get a better view.
36
To select a menu option:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
Reference
The following options are available from the Highway Page menu:
• Show/Hide Tracks— toggles the display of track lines on/off.
Highway Page Options
• Configure Highway— allows you to select what waypoints are shown on the Highway display.
Four options are available:
• Rte & Nearest— all route and nearest waypoints displayed.
• Route Only— only waypoints in the route will be displayed.
• Active Only— only the active waypoint will be displayed.
• Hide All— no waypoints will be displayed.
To configure the highway display:
Highway Page Options Menu
1. From the menu, highlight ‘Configure Highway’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to change the text size and number of data fields that will be
displayed.
Route
Name
• Change Data Fields— allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field used
on the map display.
For detailed instructions on changing the data fields and layout of the Highway page, see pages
32-34.
Selectable
Data Field
Route
Points
Active Route Page
Whenever you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 162 system, the Active Route page will show
each waypoint of the active route, along with various, user-selectable types of data. For additional
details on the Active Route Page, see page 58.
Active Route Page
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Reference
Creating Waypoints
Creating and Using Waypoints
The GARMIN GPSMAP 162 stores up to 500 alphanumeric waypoints with a user-defined icon and
depth available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be created using three basic methods:
• ENTER/MARK key– used primarily for marking your present position, the ENTER/MARK key
also provides options that allow you to select a map position or map item from the map
display.
• Graphically– allows you to define a new waypoint position from the map display using the
ARROW KEYPAD.
• Text Entry– allows you to enter a new waypoint’s position coordinates manually.
ENTER/MARK Key
Press ENTER/MARK to use the
default name and symbol.
The GARMIN GPSMAP 162’s ENTER/MARK key lets you quickly capture your present position—
or cursor or map item position— in order to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid position
(2D or 3D) fix to mark your present position. This can be determined by looking at the Status Page.
When you move the cursor over a map item, you will see a highlighted description of that item.
To mark your present position:
1. Press and hold the ENTER/MARK key until the ‘New Waypoint’ window appears then release it.
You will see a default three-digit name and symbol for the new waypoint.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name and symbol, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the
highlighted ‘OK’ prompt.
3. To enter a different name, highlight the name field and press the ENTER/MARK key, then use the
ARROW KEYPAD to enter the new letter/numbers and press ENTER/MARK when done. Note: You
may use up to 10 alphanumeric characters for the name.
Highlight a field and press
ENTER/MARK to enter a new
symbol, name or depth.
38
4. To enter a different symbol, highlight the symbol field to the left of the name and press the
ENTER/MARK key, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the new symbol and press
ENTER/MARK.
5. To enter an optional depth, highlight the “Depth” field to the right of the position coordinates
and press the ENTER/MARK key, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a value and press
ENTER/MARK.
Reference
Creating Waypoints
6. When done, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to
save the waypoint into memory.
Creating Waypoints Graphically
Waypoints may also be quickly created using the map display. This feature allows you to select any
map position with the cursor and create a new waypoint. To mark a map item, select the desired map
item with the cursor then press and release the ENTER/MARK key. If you select an item on the map,
like a city, the GPSMAP 162 will use the text or name shown on the cartography as the default name.
When selecting a map item, the option ‘Create Waypoint’ will appear in addition to a description of that
point and its distance and bearing from your current position.
To create a new waypoint graphically:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired map position. If you want to create the
new waypoint at an on-screen map item, highlight the map item on the map display.
Map waypoint from non-map item.
2. Press and quickly release the ENTER/MARK key. The ‘New Map Waypoint’ page appears. (NOTE:
Pressing and holding the ENTER/MARK key will mark your current location instead of the cursor
location, and bring up the ‘New Waypoint’ page)
If you are using a map item to create a waypoint, an information page(s) for the map item will
appear first. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Create Waypt’ and press ENTER/MARK. The
‘New Waypoint’ page will now appear.
3. To accept the waypoint with the default name and symbol, press ENTER/MARK. If you are creating
a waypoint from an on-screen map item, the name and symbol will automatically reflect the
selected map item’s name and symbol.
4. To change the name, symbol or enter a depth, highlight the appropriate field and press
ENTER/MARK. Make your changes and press ENTER/MARK when done.
Choose ‘Create Waypt’ to use a
map item for a new waypoint.
5. After entering and confirming your changes, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK.
39
Creating Waypoints By Text Entry
Reference
Waypoints may also be created by manually entering position coordinates through the ‘Waypt’ tab
on the main menu page.
Creating and Editing
Waypoints
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates:
1. Press MENU twice to display the main menu page.
Symbol
Name
Coordinates
Depth
2. Highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab and press MENU. Then highlight ‘New Waypoint’ and press
ENTER/MARK. The New Waypoint page will appear, with the next available waypoint number and
the receiver’s last known position as the default name and position.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the position coordinates field and press ENTER/MARK.
Press UP or DOWN on ARROW KEYPAD to change the digits, and press RIGHT or LEFT to move to
the next number position. Press RIGHT at the end of the top line to move to the bottom line.
4. If you want to change the waypoint name, symbol or enter a depth, highlight the desired field
and press ENTER/MARK. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the new information and press
ENTER/MARK after the last character in each section.
New Waypoint Page
5. When you have finished, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Map
Feature
Info Tab
Waypoint Review Page
Reviewing and Editing Waypoints
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be reviewed, modified, moved or deleted at
any time through the Waypoint Review and Waypoint Edit pages.
On the Waypoint Review page, you may change the name, symbol, position coordinates, or depth
for the selected waypoint, show the waypoint on the map or delete the waypoint. If the selected
waypoint is located on a map item or a MapSource item, tabbed information pages for each map
feature will be displayed behind the Waypoint Review page. To review the tabbed information
pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired tab. The Waypoint Edit page has all
the same options as the Waypoint Review page, except it does not include the tabbed information
pages for waypoints located on map features.
To access the Waypoint Review page:
40
1.Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint on the map and press ENTER/MARK.
To access the Waypoint Edit page:
1. Press MENU twice, highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab, and then highlight a waypoint from the ‘By Name’,
‘Nearest’, or ‘Proximity’ waypoint lists. Press ENTER/MARK to display the Waypoint Edit page.
Reference
Editing Waypoints
To change the waypoint name:
1. Highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a new name and press ENTER/MARK when done.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field to the left of the waypoint name and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired symbol and press ENTER/MARK when done.
To change the position coordinates:
1. Highlight the position coordinate field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to edit the coordinates. To drop to the next line, press to the right on the
ARROW KEYPAD. Press ENTER/MARK when done.
To enter a depth:
1. Highlight the depth field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a depth. Press UP or DOWN to change the digits and press
RIGHT or LEFT to move the cursor. Press ENTER/MARK when done.
Waypoint Edit Page
41
Reference
Waypoint Options
Waypoint Submenus
The GPSMAP 162’s Main Menu Page features three submenus in the Waypoints tab, ‘By Name’,
‘Nearest’, and ‘Proximity’, that let you manage a large number of waypoints quickly and efficiently. The
submenu tabs also provide a continuously updated nearest waypoints list and a proximity waypoint
alarm function that defines an alarm circle around submerged hazards, shallow waters, etc.
To access the Main Menu Page/Waypoint (Waypt) submenus:
1. Press MENU twice, then highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab using the ARROW KEYPAD, then highlight
the desired submenu tab.
Submenu Tabs
By Name Waypoint List
The first waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘By Name’ list, which displays
a master list of all waypoints currently stored in memory. From the By Name list, you may review,
edit, rename or delete individual waypoints, or delete all user waypoints. The total number of stored
and available waypoints is displayed at the bottom of the ‘By Name’ page, with the stored waypoints
arranged in numerical/alphabetical order.
Options
Menu
The following options are available from the ‘By Name’ submenu of the ‘Waypt’ tab:
• New Waypoint— creates a new waypoint.
• Delete Waypoint— deletes selected waypoint from list and any route in which it was used.
• Delete by Symbol— deletes waypoints that use the same symbol.
Waypoint List Status
• Delete All— deletes all waypoints from the unit.
F
42
Once a waypoint is deleted from the list, it cannot be recovered from the unit. It is
advisable to back up important waypoints to a computer using Garmin’s MapSource
software.
To display the waypoint menu options:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘By Name’ tab and press the MENU key.
To scroll through and review the waypoint list:
Reference
Waypoint Options
1. With the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab from the Main Menu page and then highlight
the ‘By Name’ tab.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list in the desired direction.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to review the highlighted waypoint on the ‘Waypoint Edit’ page.
Name
Field
4. Press ENTER/MARK to return to the list. To create a new waypoint using the waypoint menu,
see page 36.
To delete an individual waypoint from the list:
Waypoint
List
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Delete Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK. You may also highlight the waypoint, press
ENTER/MARK, then highlight ‘Delete’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm the deletion warning.
To delete waypoints by symbol:
1. From the ‘By Name’ tab, highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press MENU. Select ‘Delete By
Symbol’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the symbol of the waypoint(s) to be deleted and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm. You may also choose ‘Cancel’ or press QUIT to stop the deletion.
To delete all waypoints or the entire waypoint list:
You may also search for a waypoint by name:
1. Highlight the name field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the first letter of the
name.
3. Move to the RIGHT and enter the second letter if you do
not see it on the list below.
4. Repeat this until the name appears. Press ENTER/MARK
when you see the name.
5. Highlight the name on the list and press ENTER/MARK
again to review the waypoint.
1. Press the MENU key to select the options window.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Delete All’ and then press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
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Reference
Nearest/Proximity
Waypoint Lists
Nearest Waypoint List
The second waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘Nearest’ list, which shows
the ten nearest waypoints that are within 100 miles of your present position. The nearest waypoints
are continuously updated to your present position, and provide quick access to the closest points of
safety in emergency situations.
To scroll through and review the nearest waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Nearest’ tab, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list in either
direction.
2. Press ENTER/MARK to review the highlighted waypoint.
3. To return to the waypoint list, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To select a nearest waypoint as a NAV/MOB destination:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD key to select the desired waypoint.
Nearest Waypoint List
2. Press NAV/MOB, followed by ENTER/MARK.
Proximity Waypoint List
The third waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘Proximity’ list, which lets
you define an alarm circle around a stored waypoint position, and can be used to help you avoid reefs,
rocks or restricted waters. Up to ten waypoints may be listed, with a maximum alarm radius of 99.99
nautical or statute miles or kilometers. If a proximity alarm circle overlaps with an existing alarm
circle, a ‘Proximity Overlaps Another Proximity Waypoint’ message will appear each time the unit is
turned on. If you enter an alarm circle overlap, you will only be alerted to the closest proximity
waypoint.
Proximity Waypoint List
44
The following options are available from the ‘Proximity’ submenu of the ‘Waypt’ tab:
• Add Waypoint— adds a waypoint to the proximity list from the waypoint list.
• Clear Alarm— removes selected waypoint from proximity list.
Reference
Proximity Waypoints
• Clear All— removes all waypoints from proximity list.
To display the proximity waypoint menu options:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Proximity’ tab and press the MENU key.
To add a proximity waypoint:
1. From the ‘Proximity’ tab menu options, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Add Waypoint’ and
press ENTER/MARK. The ‘Find’ screen appears.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select a catagory from the ‘Find’ list. Select a point from the chosen
catagory and press ENTER. The ‘Waypoint Review’ page will be displayed.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm. The distance field will now be highlighted.
Proximity Tab Options Menu
4. Press ENTER/MARK to begin entry of the proximity radius.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a distance value (to 99.99 units) and press ENTER/MARK.
‘Find’ list.
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Reference
Going to a Destination
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field below “Proximity Alarm” and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Select the desired ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’ setting and press ENTER/MARK.
To clear one or all proximity waypoint(s) from the list:
Proximity Circle
Proximity Waypoint
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the proximity waypoint to clear and then press the MENU
key.
2. To clear a single alarm, highlight the ‘Clear Alarm’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
3. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear All’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
Going to a Destination
A dashed circle will appear showing
the alert boundary for the proximity
waypoints.
46
Using the NAV/MOB key, the GPSMAP 162 provides four ways to navigate to a destination: Go To
Waypoint, Follow Track (TracBack), MOB (Man OverBoard), and Follow Route navigation. Once you
are actively navigating, you will see a straight line that always runs from the point where you started the
GOTO, to the destination. The easiest method for selecting a destination is the ‘Go To’ function, which
lets you select a destination waypoint and quickly sets a direct course from your present position.
If you have a waypoint highlighted on a list or the map, ‘Go To <waypoint name>’ will appear in
addition to ‘Go To Waypoint’. The ‘Go To’ function can be accessed from a list of waypoints or
graphically from the map display.
To activate a ‘Go To’ from the find list:
Reference
1. Press the NAV/MOB key.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Go To Point’ and press ENTER/MARK. The ‘Find’ list will
be displayed.
Going to a Destination
3. Select a catagory (i.e. Waypoint, City, Facitilies, Transportation) from the ‘Find’ list, then using the
ARROW KEYPAD select a point from that catagory. Press ENTER/MARK to display a review
page for the selection, then with the ‘GO TO’ button highlighted, press ENTER/MARK to begin
navigation.
Selecting a ‘Go To’ Graphically
A graphical ‘Go To’ may be used to select one of three items from the map display: an existing
waypoint, an on-screen map item (roads, rivers, cities, navaids, etc.), or a new map point (non-map
item). If you are selecting a map item as the ‘Go To’ destination, the GPSMAP 162 will automatically
use the name of the map item, but the point will not be stored in the waypoint list. See page 39
for creating waypoints using map items. If you are selecting a new map point (non-map item) as
the ‘Go To’ destination, the GPSMAP 162 will automatically create or move a waypoint named ‘MAP’
at the cursor position.
Choose a catagory from ‘Find’ list
then select a point from that catagory.
To activate an existing waypoint or map item as a ‘Go To’ from the map display:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint or map item on screen and press NAV/MOB.
2. You will see ‘Go To <waypoint name>’, then press ENTER/MARK.
To activate a new map point (non-map item) as a ‘Go To’ from the map display:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the arrow cursor to the desired position.
2. Press NAV/MOB, you will see ‘Go To MAP Point’ highlighted, then press ENTER/MARK.
The waypoint or map item name
will automatically appear when highlighted and NAV/MOB is pressed.
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Reference
TracBack Navigation
TracBack Navigation (Follow Track)
The second method of navigating to a destination is by using the TracBack feature. The TracBack
function allows you to retrace your path using the track log automatically stored in the receiver’s
memory, which will eliminate the need to store waypoints along the way. TracBack routes are created
by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30 turns and activating an inverted route along those
points. Once activated, a TracBack route will lead you back to the oldest stored track log point, so it’s
good idea to clear the existing track log at the start of your current trip before you get started.
To clear the track log and define a starting point for a TracBack route:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu page.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Track’ tab, then highlight the ‘Active’ tab to the right.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Clear’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
4. Highlight the ‘OK’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
‘Go To MAP Point’ allows you to
navigate to a spot on the map which
is not a waypoint or map item.
You must first save the track log before you can use the ‘Follow Track’ feature. The Save feature
allows you to store a track log from certain times and dates.
To save a track log:
1. From the Main Menu, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Track’ tab, then highlight the
‘Active’ tab to the right.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Save’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
3. From the ‘Save Back Through’ window, highlight the desired time, date, or ‘Entire Log’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
4. Next, the track will begin saving and then display the ‘Saved Track’ window when done. The default
name, distance and number of points will be displayed. Highlight ‘OK’ and ENTER/MARK press
to save the track.
Highlight ‘Save’ and press ENTER/MARK
to save an active track log.
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Reference
To activate a TracBack using the NAV/MOB key:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, then highlight the ‘Follow Track’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
TracBack Navigation
2. Highlight the track you wish to follow and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose either ‘Original’, which will navigate you from the end to the start of your trip, or ‘Reverse’,
which will navigate you from the start to the end of your trip and press ENTER/MARK.
Default Track name
Total numberof points
Once a TracBack has been activated, the GPSMAP 162 will take the track log currently stored in
memory and divide it into segments called ‘legs’. Up to 30 temporary ‘turns’ will be created to mark the
most significant features of the track log in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as possible. To
get the most out of the TracBack feature, remember the following tips:
• Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go back to (dock, etc.).
• The ‘Record Mode’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’.
Total
Distance
• There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack route.
• If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not follow your exact path
(keep the interval set to ‘resolution’ for best performance).
Check this box to display track
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack will draw a
straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If your track log’s changes in distance and direction are too complex, 30 waypoints may not
mark your path accurately. The receiver then assigns the 30 waypoints to the most significant
points of your track, and simplifies segments with fewer changes in direction.
To stop TracBack navigation:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
You must save a track before using the
‘Follow Track’ option.
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Reference
MOB:
Man OverBoard
MOB
The GPSMAP 162’s Man OverBoard function (MOB) lets you simultaneously mark and set a course
to a position for quick response to emergency situations.
To activate the MOB function:
1. Press and hold the NAV/MOB key or press the NAV/MOB key twice.
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB position.
Once a MOB has been activated, a ‘MOB’ waypoint with a diver down symbol will be created and
the unit will be on an active navigation to that point. Use any of the Navigation Pages to guide you
back to the MOB point. The MOB waypoint will be stored in the waypoint list and may be deleted
like any other waypoint.
To stop navigation to the MOB position:
The MOB function allows you to
quickly activate a navigation back to
a location.
Highlight ‘Yes’ and press
ENTER/MARK to stop navigation.
50
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
Reference
Routes
The last way to navigate to a destination is to create a user-defined route. The GARMIN GPSMAP
162 system lets you create and store up to 20 reversible routes, with up to 30 waypoints each. Routes
can be created and modified in two ways. The first way is to ‘Edit as Text’ from the Route Review page,
allowing you to see a list of the waypoints as you create, review, or modify the route. The second way
is from the ‘Edit on Map’ from the Route Edit map page, allowing you to see each route graphically
on-screen as you create, review, or modify the route. All of the GPSMAP 162’s route functions are
accessed through the Main Menu page or the NAV/MOB key.
Creating Routes
To create a route using text from the Route Review page:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Route’ tab and press the MENU key to display the
route options page.
3. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the first field under the word “Waypoint” and press
ENTER/MARK.
Route Tab and Route Options Menu
5. From the ‘Find’ list, choose a catagory, then choose a point from that catagory. Press
ENTER/MARK to display a review page. With the ‘OK’ button highlighted press ENTER/MARK to
place the selected point in the route. The next field down on the list will automatically highlight.
6. Keep using the methods on steps 4 and 5 until the desired route points have been entered in the
order you want to navigate to them. Press QUIT to return to the Route List page.
F
Note: To use map items as route points, you will need to either already have them saved
as a waypoint or create the route graphically on the Route Edit map page.
Choose a waypoint from either the
‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab list.
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Reference
Creating Routes
To create a route graphically from the Route Review page:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Route’ tab, then press the MENU key to display the route options page.
2. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Press MENU, highlight ‘Create on Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
4. To add an existing waypoint or map item to the route, use the arrow cursor to highlight the desired
waypoint or map item on screen and press ENTER/MARK.
To add a map location to the route that is not an existing waypoint or map item, you must
mark it as a new waypoint. Use the arrow cursor to select the desired map position and press
ENTER/MARK. Press ENTER/MARK again to confirm the new waypoint. You may also change the
name and symbol of the new waypoint (see page 41).
You will see ‘ADD’ below the cursor
as you add points.
5. As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window just above the map display will
show the waypoint/map item name or ‘Map Pointer’, bearing and distance from your location, and
coordinates of the cursor. The top data window shows the name of the route as it is being created,
using the beginning and end points as the default name. The bottom of the display shows the
number of available and used points. A route line appears on the map to indicate each completed
leg, and a dotted line appears to indicate the distance and bearing to the arrow cursor from the
last route waypoint.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until you have finished defining all route waypoints.
7. To change the route name, press MENU, then select ‘Edit Route Name’ and press ENTER/MARK.
The route name will be highlighted. Press ENTER/MARK to highlight the first character, then use
the ARROW KEYPAD to change the character and move to the next space. Press ENTER/MARK
when you are done changing the route name, then QUIT to return to the route list.
To stop editing, press MENU and select
‘Edit as Text’ or ‘Stop Editing Route’.
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8. When finished, press MENU, highlight either ‘Edit as Text’ to return to the Route Review page, or
‘Stop Editing Route’ (or press QUIT) to return to the Route List page, then press ENTER/MARK;
or just press QUIT.
Route List Page
The GPSMAP 162 Route List page displays all the routes currently stored in memory, along with
a descriptive name for each route. Once a route has been created, it can be activated and used for
navigation with the NAV/MOB key. A route may be followed in the same sequence as it was originally
created, or you can invert the route and navigate from the end waypoint back to the beginning
waypoint. From the Route list menu, you may choose ‘New Route’ (pg 51), ‘Copy’, ‘Delete Route’,
or ‘Delete All’.
Reference
Route List Page
To activate a route with the NAV/MOB key:
1. From any page, press the NAV/MOB key, then using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Follow
Route’ and press ENTER/MARK. (If you highlight a route from the Route List or Route Review page
and press NAV/MOB, the window will automatically display, ‘Follow <the route name>’.)
2. Highlight the route you wish to navigate and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose ‘Activate’ or ‘Invert and Activate’ and press ENTER/MARK. (‘Activate’ will use the route as
is, ‘Invert and Activate’ will reverse the route then activate it.)
To deactivate (stop navigation) of a route:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
If you highlight a route name from
the Route List and press NAV/MOB,
the name will automatically appear.
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
To copy or delete a route:
1. From the Route List, using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the route you want to copy or delete
and press MENU.
2. Choose either ‘Copy’ or ‘Delete Route’ and press ENTER/MARK and with “OK” highlighted, press
ENTER/MARK again to confirm a deletion.
To delete all routes:
1. From the Route List, press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press ENTER/MARK and with “OK” highlighted, press ENTER/MARK
again to confirm the deletion.
Route List Options Menu
53
Route Review Page
Reference
Once you have created a route, the Route Review page allows you to review and modify the
route displayed.
Route Review Page
To view the Route Review page:
1. Press MENU twice, then highlight the ‘Route’ tab.
2. Highlight the name of the route you wish to review and press ENTER/MARK.
Route
Name
The Route Review page also allows you to enter your own 15-character name for any listed route.
By default the name includes the first and last waypoints in the route.
Data
Fields
Route
Points
To enter a custom route name:
1. From the Route Review page, highlight the name field and press ENTER/MARK to begin editing.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired name and press ENTER/MARK when finished.
Once you are on the Route Review page, you may review the route points (waypoints or map
items) one at a time from the list:
Data Totals
To review individual route points:
1. Highlight the desired point and press ENTER/MARK.
2. On the Waypoint Review page, you may choose ‘Delete’ (permanently delete the waypoint from
the unit) ‘Show On Map’ (show the selected point on the Map Page) or ‘Next’ (highlight the next
point on the route list).
Route Review Options Menu
54
If the route point is a map item, you may choose ‘Create Waypt’ to turn it into a permanent
waypoint. Once you are back on the Route Review page, the next point in the route will automatically
be highlighted. This allows you to review each point on the route by pressing only ENTER/MARK
repeatedly.
Route Review Menu Options
Menu options available from the Route Review page are Edit on Map, Insert/Add Waypoint,
Remove Waypoint, Invert, Plan Route, and Delete Route.
Edit on Map— this option allows you to review and modify the route displayed through a pop-up
window menu for each point (waypoint or map item) on a map page. You may also use the cursor to
insert a new route point on a route leg, and review the waypoint or map item.
To edit the route on the map:
Reference
Editing Routes
1. From the Route Review page options menu, select ‘Edit on Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To review or modify a route point:
1. Place the cursor on a route point and press ENTER/MARK, or press MENU and select ‘Edit as Text’.
On the Waypoint Review page, you may review and modify the waypoint name, symbol, coordinates,
and depth, just like on the Waypoint Edit page (see page 41). Make any desired changes and press
ENTER/MARK again when done.
To remove a route point:
1. Place the cursor on the desired point and press MENU. Select ‘Remove’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To move a route point:
1. Place the cursor on the desired point and press MENU. Select ‘Move’ and press ENTER/MARK.
The cursor will now have ‘Move’ displayed below it.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press ENTER/MARK to relocate the point.
Select a route waypoint on the map,
then press ENTER/MARK to review
the wayopint.
To add turns at the beginning or end of the route:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Select the first or last route waypoint with the map cursor, and press MENU.
Highlight the ‘Add’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
Move the cursor to the new point or position and press ENTER/MARK.
If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the new waypoint.
Repeat steps 3 and 4 to insert additional waypoints, or press QUIT to finish.
Choose ‘Edit as Text’ to return to the
Route Page
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Reference
Editing Routes
The GPSMAP 162’s ‘Edit on Map’ mode also allows you to insert a new route waypoint in any
route leg using the map cursor.
To insert a new point between two existing route waypoints:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the leg you want to insert the new waypoint in (the route line
will highlight and change to a dotted line when the leg is selected) and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position, existing waypoint, or map item (You will see ’ADD’ below
the arrow and the route lines will move with the arrow), and press ENTER/MARK.
3. If you are not inserting an existing point, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the new waypoint.
Insert/Add Waypoint— Allow you to insert a waypoint into the list of route points or add a point(s)
onto the end of the route.
To insert a point into the route or add a point to the end:
Highlight the route leg on which you wish to
insert a waypoint and press ENTER/MARK.
1. From either the Route Review or Active Route pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
point you wish to insert the new point before (to add a point to the end, highlight the blank field
at the bottom of the list).
2. Press MENU, highlight ‘Add Waypoint’ or ‘Insert Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. From the ’Find’ list, select a point to be inserted/added and press ENTER/MARK.
Remove Waypoint— Allows you to remove a point (waypoint or map item) from a route. This
option is available from both the Route Review and Active Route Pages.
To remove a point from a route:
1. From either the Route Review or Active Route pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
point to remove and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Remove Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Drag the route leg to an existing waypoint
(shown), map item, or a blank spot on the
map to create a new route point.
56
Invert— The Invert function will reverse the route you choose. This option is available from both the
Route Review and Active Route Pages.
To invert a route:
Reference
Editing Routes
1. From the Route Review or Active Route page, press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Invert’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Plan Route— The Route Review and Active Route pages also display trip-planning information for
each leg or the entire route. Available information includes Course, ETA, Fuel (to point), Leg Distance,
Leg Fuel, Leg Time, Sunrise and Sunset (at point location) and Time To (point).
To use the Plan Route feature:
1. To select the desired planning figure, highlight the desired route from the Route List and press
ENTER/MARK to display the Route Review page. If you have an active route, you may also do the
following from the Active Route page:
2. One of nine available planning figures appears to the right of each route waypoint and its distance.
Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired item.
3. To enter planning information, Press MENU, select ‘Plan Route’ from the options list, and press
ENTER/MARK. Enter the figures for Speed, Fuel Flow, Depart(ure) Time, and Depart(ure) Date. Press
QUIT to return to the Route Plan Page.
F
Press LEFT or RIGHT on the
ARROW KEYPAD to change the data
field.
Fuel flow rates on your unit are measured in “units per hour.” System setting changes
for units of measure (statute, nautical or metric) do not affect the fuel flow measure.
You should enter fuel flow rates based upon available information for your vehicle
(operator’s manual, performance specifications, etc.) and make note of the desired units
of measure (gallons, liters, etc.).
Delete Route— deletes route and any map item points within route.
To delete a route:
1. From the Route Review page press MENU.
Plan Route Data Fields
2. Highlight ‘Delete Route’ and press ENTER/MARK and ENTER/MARK again to confirm the deletion.
57
Reference
Active Route Page
Active Route Page
Whenever you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 162 system, the Active Route page shows
each point (waypoint or map item) of the active route, with the point name, distance and choice of
Course, ETA, Fuel to point, Leg Distance, Leg Fuel, Leg Time, Sunrise and Sunset at point location, or
Time To point for each point from your present position. The current destination point, the ‘active’
point, is marked with an arrow icon. As you navigate a route, the waypoint list will automatically
update to indicate the next ‘active ’ point first. The Active Route and Route Review pages share many
of the same features and options.
The following route options are available from the active route page:
• Edit on Map— see page 55 for instructions.
• Add Waypoint— see page 56 for instructions.
• Remove Waypoint— see pages 55 for instructions.
Active Route Page
• Invert— see page 57 for instructions.
• Plan Route— see page 57 for instructions.
• Re-evaluate— recalculates and reactivates the current route data.
Re-evaluate— reactivates the current route and selects the route leg closest to your current position as
the active leg. The active leg defines the current ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
To Re-evaluate an active route:
1 From the Active Route page, press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Re-evaluate’ and press ENTER/MARK to recalculate.
Active Route Page Menu Options
58
Main Menu Page
The GPSMAP 162’s Main Menu Page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation and
interface management, and setup menus in an easy to use “tab” format. The Main Menu page is
available from any page in the GPSMAP 162’s system, and is accessed through the MENU key.
Reference
Main Menu Tabs
See pages 2-3 for additional instructions changing settings and entering data.
To access the Main Menu Page:
1. Press MENU twice.
The 13 Menu tabs are divided into categories by function.
To select a Menu tab from the Main Menu page:
Main Menu Tabs
Submenu Tabs
1. Move the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN to highlight the tab you want to view. The information
for the highlighted tab will automatically appear to the right.
2. If you want to highlight any of the tab items, press to the RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD, then
move UP or DOWN to select individual items.
3. You may then press either MENU for additional submenu options or press ENTER/MARK to make
changes to the highlighted item.
4. Press LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to get back to the Menu tab list. Pressing QUIT will take
you out of the Main Menu page.
The Main Menu tabs are:
Main Menu Page
• Waypt— allows you to create, edit or delete waypoints. See pages 38-46.
• Route— allows you to create, edit, activate or delete routes. See pages 51-58.
• Track— lets you record a track, define how it is recorded and displayed.
• Trip— provides trip speeds, odometers, averages, and trip timers.
• Time— sets up time format, time zones, and daylight savings.
59
Reference
Main Menu:
Track Tab
Active Track Tab
Saved Track Tab
60
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pages—allows user to determine which of the main pages will be displayed.
Map— sets up Map Page features, zooms, and text size. See pages 29-34.
Systm— defines beeper and simulator, restores setup, and displays software version.
Units— defines position format, datum, heading, and distance and speed units.
Comm— interface settings for use with a PC or second device.
Alarm— sets up alarms for anchor drag, arrival, off course, and clock.
Celes— Celestial page shows sun/moon time cycles and positions
Tide— Tide page show 12 hour tide chart with levels and times
Track Tab— lets you specify whether or not to record a track log (an electronic ‘breadcrumb trail’
recording of your path), define how it is recorded, or save track log data for future use. The Track
tab Page also provides an indicator of the memory used for the active track log and options to clear
the track memory or start a TracBack route. See pages 48-49 for TracBack information. The Track
submenu is divided in two tabs: ‘Active’ tab and the ‘Saved’ tab.
The ‘Active’ tab is for the active log (the log currently being recorded). It displays track memory
used and current settings. The ‘Saved’ tab displays and manages a list of any saved track logs, allows
TracBack activation, map display of saved logs. The active log stores up to approximately 2000 track
log points, based upon the criteria specified in the Track settings. Up to 10 track logs may be saved in
memory, with up to 250 track log points in each saved log.
For the ‘Active’ tab, the following settings are available:
• Record Mode— lets you select one of three track recording options:
Off— No track log will be recorded. Note that selecting the ‘Off’ setting will prevent you from
using the TracBack feature.
Fill— a track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
Wrap— A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through the available memory
(replacing the oldest track data with new data).
• Interval— defines the frequency at which the track plot is recorded. Three interval settings
are available:
Time— records track plot based on a user-defined time interval.
Resolution— records track plot based upon a user-defined variance from your course over
ground. The resolution option is the default setting and is recommended for the most
efficient use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value (entered in the value
field) is the maximum error allowed from the true course before recording a track point.
Reference
Main Menu:
Track Tab
Distance— records track based on a user-defined distance between points.
• Value— defines the distance or time used to record the track log.
• Save— allows you to save the current active track log.
• Clear— allows you to clear the active track log currently stored in memory.
For the ‘Saved’ tab, the following menu options are available:
• Show Map— displays the saved track log on a Track Map page.
You can use the ‘Show Map’ option to
display a saved track.
• Delete Track— deletes highlighted saved track log from memory.
• Delete All— deletes all saved track logs from memory.
You may also activate a TracBack from any of the saved tracks on this tab.
To activate a TracBack from the ‘Saved’ tab list:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the track you wish to use for a TracBack and press
NAV/MOB.
2. The ‘Follow <track name>’ will automatically appear highlighted. Press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose either ‘Original’, which will navigate you from the end to the start of your trip, or ‘Reverse’,
which will navigate you from the start to the end of your trip and press ENTER/MARK.
The track name will automatically
appear when highlighted on the
‘Saved’ list and NAV/MOB is pressed.
61
Reference
Main Menu:
Trip, Time and Pages Tabs
Trip Tab— displays Trip Odometer, Moving Average speed, Total Average speed, Maximum Speed,
Stopped Time, Moving Time, Total Time, and Odometer. You may reset the data by choosing from
‘Reset Trip’, ‘Reset Odometer’, ‘Reset Max Spd (speed)’, or ‘Reset All’ and pressing ENTER/MARK.
Time Tab— displays the current time and date, allows you to adjust the 12 or 24 hour time format,
enter a time zone and adjust for daylight savings to show correct local time.
The following options are available:
Data
Fields
• Time Format— choose from 12 or 24 hour (military) time format.
• Time Zone- choose your correct time zone to show correct local time or enter a UTC Offset. The
UTC (also called Greenwich Time) offset is how many hours you are ahead or behind the time
line. See the table on page 74 for time offsets.
• Daylight Savings— choose from ‘Auto’, ‘On’, or ‘Off’ to adjust for daylight savings.
Reset
Options
Pages Tab— allows you to turn on/off any of the main pages or ‘Jump To’ a particular page.
Trip Tab
To select/deselect a main page:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the box to the left of the page name. Pressing
ENTER/MARK will select/deselect that page. When a page is selected, a ‘9 ’ will appear in the box.
You must leave at least one page checked.
Selectable
Data
Fields
You may also press Menu and choose from one of the following and press ENTER/MARK:
• Enable All Pages— selects all pages.
• Basic Chartplotter— selects Map page only.
Non-Selectable
Data Field
• Nav Tools Only— selects Compass, Highway, and Active Route pages only.
To ‘Jump To’ a specific page:
Time Tab
62
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Jump To’ option to the right of the desired page and
press ENTER/MARK.
Systm (System) tab— controls system setting for beeper, speed filter, languages, system mode,
simulator controls, restores factory settings, and displays software version.
The following settings are available:
• Beeper— controls audible beep. Select from ‘Off’, ‘Alarms Only’ (sounds for alarms/messages),
or ‘Key and Alarm’ (sounds for key presses and alarms/messages).
Reference
Main Menu:
Systm (System) Tab
• Speed Filter— averages speed-readings. Choose from ‘Off’, ‘Auto’ (automatically controls filtering), or ‘On’ (allows you to enter a value from 1 to 255 seconds).
• Language— select from 11 languages for the unit’s on-screen display.
• System Mode— select from ‘Normal’ (Normal Navigation) or ‘Simulator’ (For practice ONLY)
• Track Control*— ‘Auto Track’ will steer to the current navigation point. ‘User Track’ allows you
to enter a heading in the ‘Track’ field.
• Speed*— lets you enter a speed.
Pages Tab
• Track*— lets you enter a heading.
• Set Position*— allows to set your location while in simulator mode. See page 11, starting with
step 2, for additional instructions.
* These fields will only appear when the unit is in Simulator Mode.
The following options are available by pressing MENU from the “Systm” tab:
• Restore Garmin Setup— restores all settings to Garmin’s original setup values for the entire unit.
• Software Version— displays the unit’s software, basemap version and Unit ID.
Systm (System) Tab
63
Reference
Main Menu:
Units Tab
I
The Units tab settings will affect how navigation information
is displayed on the GPSMAP 162. When in doubt, seek
assistance.
If you are using a map or chart in conjunction with your
GPS, make sure the settings under the ‘Units’ tab of the
GPSMAP 162 match that of the map or chart. This information should be displayed somewhere on the map or chart.
If the information is not present, contact the map or chart
maker to determine what position format, datum, heading
and units of measure are being used for the map or chart.
Units Tab— defines Position Format, Map Datum, Heading, Distance, Speed, Elevation, Depth and
Temperature.
The following settings are available:
• Position Format— is used to change the coordinate system in which a given position reading
is displayed. You should only change the position format if you are using a map or chart
that specifies a different position format or wish to use a format you are familiar with. The
default format is latitude and longitude in degrees, minutes, and thousandths of a minute
(hddd°mm.mmm’). The following additional formats are available:
• hddd.ddddd°— latitude/longitude in decimal degrees only
• hddd°mm’ss.s”— latitude/longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds
• UTM/UPS— Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal Polar Stereographic grids
• British Grid
• Dutch Grid
• Finnish KKJ27
• German Grid
• Irish Grid
• Maidenhead
• MGRS
• New Zealand
• Qatar Grid
• Swedish Grid
• Swiss Grid
• Taiwan Grid
• Loran TD
• User Grid
• W Malayan RSO
For additional information on Loran TD setup, see pages 72-73.
• Map Datum— allows you to select the datum reference used to determine a given position. The
default setting is ‘WGS 84’. Datums are used to describe geographic positions for surveying,
mapping, and navigation and are not actual maps built in the unit. Although over 100 datums
are available (as listed on pages 77-78), you should only change the datum if you are using a
map or chart that specifies a different datum.
Units Tab
64
I
WARNING: Selecting the wrong map datum can result in substantial position errors.
When in doubt, use the default WGS 84 datum for best overall performance.
• Heading— lets you select the reference used in calculating heading information. You can select
from ‘Auto Mag Var’, ‘True’, ‘Grid’ and ‘User Mag Var’. ‘Auto Mag Var’ provides magnetic
north heading references which are automatically determined from your current position. ‘True’
provides headings based upon a true north reference. ‘Grid’ provides headings based on a grid
north reference (and is used in conjunction with the grid position formats described on page
64). ‘User Mag Var’ allows you to specify the magnetic variation at your current position and
provides magnetic north heading references based upon the variation you enter.
Reference
Main Menu:
Units Tab
To enter a user defined magnetic variation:
1. With the “Heading” field set to ‘User Mag Var’, highlight the heading reference field (immediately
to the right) and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the magnetic variation at your current position and press
ENTER/MARK.
I
WARNING: If ‘User Mag Var’ is selected, you must periodically update the magnetic
variation as your position changes. Using this setting, the unit will not automatically
calculate and update the magnetic variation at your present position. Failure to update
this setting may result in substantial differences between the information displayed on
your unit and external references, such as a magnetic compass.
You may manually enter a magnetic
variation.
• Distance, Speed and Elevation— lets you select the desired units of measure for distance,
speed and elevation readouts in ‘Nautical’ (nm, kt, ft), ‘Statute’ (mi, mh, ft) or ‘Metric’ (km,
kh, mt) terms.
• Depth— lets you select the desired units of measure for depth in Feet (ft), Fathoms (fa) or
Meters (mt).
• Temperature— lets you select the desired units of measure for temperature in Fahrenheit (°F)
or Celsius (°C).
65
Reference
Main Menu:
Comm Tab
Data Transfer
Progress
Comm Tab Serial Data Formats
Comm (Communications) tab— lets you control the input/output format used when connecting
your GPSMAP 162 to external NMEA devices, a DGPS beacon receiver, a personal computer, another
Garmin GPSMAP 162/168, etc. Eight format settings are available:
• Garmin Data Transfer— the proprietary format used to upload/download MapSource data,
exchange waypoint, route, track, almanac, and proximity data with a PC or another GARMIN
GPSMAP 162/168. When you select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’, there are 11 Transfer Modes
to choose from: Host, Request Almanac, Request Proximity, Request Routes, Request Tracks,
Request Waypoints, Send Almanac, Send Proximity, Send Routes, Send Tracks and Send
Waypoints.
• Garmin DGPS— used to connect the GPSMAP 162 with a Garmin DGPS beacon receiver.
• NMEA In/NMEA Out— supports the input/output of standard NMEA 0183 version 2.3 data,
and sonar NMEA input support for the DPT, MTW and VHW sentences. See Appendix H on
page 85 for the Advanced NMEA Setup feature.
• Text Out— outputs simple text (ASCII) output which contains time, position, and velocity data.
• RTCM In— allows DGPS input using a standard RTCM format, without any output capabilities.
• RTCM In/NMEA Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format
and also provides NMEA 0183 version 2.3 output.
• RTCM In/Text Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format and
also provides simple text (ASCII) output which contains time, position, and velocity data.
• None— provides no interfacing capabilities.
To select an input/output format:
1. Highlight the ‘Serial Data Format’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
To select a transfer mode:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’ in the ‘Serial Data Format’ field.
1. Highlight the ‘Transfer Mode’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
Comm Tab Transfer Modes
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
To restore the Serial Data Format settings to the default ‘Garmin Data Transfer’:
66
1. From the Comm tab, press MENU, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and press ENTER/MARK.
If ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format is selected, additional fields are provided to
control a GARMIN differential beacon receiver directly from your GPSMAP 162. You may have the unit
automatically scan for the DGPS beacon signal or you can enter the beacon frequency and bit rate on
the unit and the information will be used to tune the beacon receiver.
Reference
Main Menu:
Comm tab
To have the unit automatically scan for a frequency:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the “Beacon” field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight ‘Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK. The numbers in the “Frequency” field will change as the
unit scans from 284 kHz to 325 kHz, 200 bit rate, then 100, at 6-second intervals.
To restart the scan:
1. Press MENU, highlight ‘Restart Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To manually enter a frequency and bit rate:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the “Beacon” field and press ENTER/MARK.
You may also manually enter a
bit rate and frequency.
2. Highlight ‘User’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the “Frequency” or “Bit Rate” field, press ENTER/MARK, then enter a frequency or bit
rate and press ENTER/MARK when done.
The “Status” field will show one of the following:
• Tuning— unit is attempting to tune to the specified frequency and bit rate.
• Scanning— unit is automatically scanning through the frequencies and bit rates.
• Receiving— unit is receiving DGPS signal and ready for operation.
• Check Wiring— unit is not making connection with DGPS receiver.
When the unit is receiving a DGPS signal, the “SNR” (Signal to Noise Ratio) and “Distance” fields
will show data. The SNR range is 0dB to 30dB, with 30 being the best. The Distance may or may not
show data, depending upon the signal being broadcast from the DGPS site.
Status Field
SNR and Distance will show data
when signal is received.
67
Reference
Main Menu:
Comm and Alarm Tabs
The DGPS beacon transmitters are operated by the U.S. Coast Guard (or similar government agency
in other countries), which is responsible for their accuracy and maintenance. For DGPS transmitter
problems or to find the most updated list of frequencies and coverage areas, contact your local USCG,
or visit their web site at http://www.navcen.uscg.mil/.
Alarm Tab— allows you to define the alarm setting for Anchor Drag, Arrival, Off Course, Clock,
Shallow Water and Deep Water.
• Anchor Drag— sets an alarm to sound when you’ve exceeded a specified drift distance. Enter a
distance in the distance field and use the control field to turn the alarm on and off.
• Arrival— sets an alarm to sound when you’re a specified distance or time away from a
destination waypoint. Enter a distance radius or time for sounding the alarm and use the
control field to set the alarm to ‘Off’, ‘Dist’ (Distance), or ‘Time’.
Alarm Tab
• Off Course— sets an alarm to sound when you’re off a desired course by a specified distance.
Enter a distance in the distance field and use the control field to turn the off course alarm
on and off.
• Clock— provides an alarm for the system clock. Enter a time in the time field and turn the
alarm on and off from the control field menu. Remember to enter alarm times in the same
time format (UTC or local) you’re using for your system. The unit must be on for the clock
alarm to work.
• Shallow Water/Deep Water— set alarms to sound when you enter an area of specified depth
that is too shallow and/or too deep. Enter a depth in the distance fields and use the control
fields to turn the alarms on and off.
To set an alarm:
Press ENTER/MARK to acknowledge
an alarm.
68
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field to the right of the alarm name you wish activate
and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Change the mode to ‘On’ (Dist or Time for the ‘Arrival’ alarm) and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the next field to the right and press ENTER/MARK, then enter the desired settings and
press ENTER/MARK to finish.
Reference
Celes (Celestial) Tab— displays celestial data for sun and moon rise/set, moon phase, and an
approximate skyview location of the sun and moon. The moon phase will display the current visible
portion of the moon as a light color. You may display this data for your current position, a position
from the map, or a point location. Also, you may select a different date and time, or use the current
data.
The location the unit is using will appear in the Date/Time/Position field. The timetables displayed
will be based upon your current time zone. When using a position from another location outside of
your time zone, you will need to set the Time Zone for that location under the “Time” tab on the
Main Menu (see page 74).
To select a different location:
1. From the Celes tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the position field and press
ENTER/MARK. The ‘Find’ page will be displayed.
2. Select a ‘FInd’ catagory and then select a point from that catagory. Press ENTER/MARK to display
a review page then press ENTER/MARK confim the selection.
Main Menu:
Celest (Celestial) Tab
Date
Time
Position
Moon
Phase
Data
Fields
Skyview
Window
Moon Position
Sun Position
Horizon (0°) 45° 70° Overhead (90°)
To change the time or date:
1. From the Celes tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the date or time and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Enter a new date or time and press ENTER/MARK.
To use current date and time:
1. From the Celes tab, press MENU, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Use Current Date
and Time’ and press ENTER/MARK. This selection will only be available if the current date is
not displayed.
You may also
change the
skyview from
‘North Up’ to
‘Track Up’.
69
Reference
Tide Tab— shows a graphical chart which displays tide station information in a 24 hour span starting
at midnight station time. You can choose from different dates and over 3000 tide stations around the
USA coastline, Alaska, Hawaii, western Canada and several of the Caribbean islands.
Main Menu:
Tide Tab
Station
Name
Date
Tide
Chart
Event
Times
Tide Tab
The top of the page displays the tide station being referenced, with the date below. The top of the
chart shows a 24-hour block of local time (LCL) for your position, with the reported station time (STA)
appearing at the bottom. Daylight (light bar) and nighttime (dark bar) show across the time scale, with
the time progressing from left to right. (Local time scales and sunrise/sunset info may not be available
for a few stations). The solid, light vertical lines are in 4-hour increments, and the light, dotted vertical
lines are in 1-hour increments. A dark, vertical line (with arrows at the ends of the line) will indicate
the time of day when using current date and will intersect the tide graph to show their relation.
Local Time
Day
Max. Level
Current Time
High Tide Curve
Current Tide Height
Low Tide Curve
MLLW
Min. Level
Station Time
You can select from a list of nearest
stations
70
Night
Event Times
The tide curve shows as a shaded area, with higher tides being taller and lower tides shorter. The
dark, horizontal line (with arrows at the ends of the line) indicates the current tide height. The figure
to the left of the line will show the current tide level in feet. The Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW)
appears as a solid, vertical line near the bottom of the chart (This line will only appear if the tide
ranges to the zero value or below). The numbers directly below/above ‘LCL’ and ‘STA’ indicate the
maximum/minimum levels, respectively. The four data fields below the chart, indicate event times
and levels at which the tide changes starting in the upper left field, going downward, then to the
upper right and down again.
To search for the nearest tide stations:
1. Highlight the ‘For’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
A list of the Tide Stations nearest to your location will be displayed. If you are not within several
miles of any tide stations, the list will indicate “None Found”. To search for tide stations at a different
location, press MENU and select ‘Nearest to Other’.
Reference
Main Menu:
Tide Tab
To select a tide station from the list:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired station and press ENTER/MARK.
To change the date for the tide chart:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the “On” field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Enter the desired date and press ENTER/MARK.
To use the current date:
1. Press MENU, then highlight ‘Use Today’s Date’ and press ENTER/MARK.
I
To use todays date, from the ‘Tide’ tab, press
MENU and with ‘Use Today’s Date’ selcted,
press ENTER/MARK
WARNING: When you load MapSource data into the GPSMAP 162, the tide station
information provided with the unit will be deleted. Replacement tide station data for
the GPSMAP 162 can be found on our web site (www.garmin.com).
If you are loading US BlueChart data, tide information can be included with the charts
that you have selected.
To enter a date manually, highlight the ‘On’
field and press ENTER/MARK. Using the
ARROW KEYPAD enter a new date then press
ENTER/MARK to accept the change.
71
Appendix A
Loran TD
Loran TD System
LORAN C is a radio navigation aid operated and maintained in the United States by the United
States Coast Guard. The name LORAN is an acronym for “LOng RAnge Navigation”. The LORAN
system covers the entire United States and the U.S. Coastal Confluence Zone. From the perspective
of a mariner, the system is used for ocean and coastal navigation. It can be used as a supplemental
system for harbor and harbor approach navigation, and it is used for inland navigation by recreational
vehicles.
LORAN TD Feature
You may change to Loran TD from either the
Satellite Page or Units Tab on the Main Menu.
The LORAN TD (Time Delay) feature eases the transition from using LORAN to using GPS. The
GPSMAP unit automatically converts GPS coordinates to LORAN TDs for those who have a collection
of LORAN fixes for favorite fishing spots and other waypoints recorded as TDs. You can display your
position as a TD or enter waypoints as TDs. The accuracy to be expected from this conversion is
approximately thirty meters. When the unit is placed in the LORAN TD format mode, it simulates
the operation of a LORAN receiver. Position coordinates may be displayed as TDs, and all navigation
functions may be used as if the unit was actually receiving LORAN signals.
Using the LORAN TD Format
When creating new waypoints using LORAN TD coordinates, you must set the correct LORAN
chain number and secondary stations in the Setup TD field before storing the waypoint. After the
waypoint is stored in unit memory, it will always reference the LORAN chain number and secondary
stations currently selected in the Setup TD field. If you enter a different LORAN chain number, change
the secondary stations or offsets in the Setup TD field, the active waypoint information will reflect those
changes. Since the GPSMAP unit does not rely on the LORAN signal for navigation, it can reference a
different GRI chain and/or secondary stations and still navigate to the location stored in memory.
The LORAN Position Format field is located under the Units tab in the Main Menu. The ‘LORAN
TD Setup’ window contains the fields to select the Loran GRI-Chain Number, Primary and Secondary
Stations, and TD Offsets.
72
To setup Loran TD from the Main Menu:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the “Units” tab and then the “Position Format” field press
ENTER/MARK.
Appendix A
Loran TD Setup
2. Highlight ‘Loran TD’, press ENTER/MARK, then highlight ‘Setup’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the field, press ENTER/MARK, select/enter
the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
4. When done, press the QUIT key to return to the Main Menu.
To setup Loran TD from the Status Page:
1. Press MENU, then use the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Loran TD On’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the field, press ENTER/MARK, select/enter
the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
3. When done, press the QUIT key to return to the Status Page.
Loran TD Setup Page
If the active GRI Chain, secondary stations or offsets have been changed since the waypoint was
created, the waypoint will now reference the active GRI-chain and secondary stations and adjust the
TD coordinates accordingly. Remember that the GPS is not relying on the LORAN signal for navigation
and actually converts the TD coordinate to a useful LAT/LON coordinate (in the background) before
storing the waypoint to memory or using it for navigation. Because of this, the unit can navigate to
a TD coordinate anywhere in the world.
Selecting the Loran Chain Number.
73
Appendix B
The chart below gives an approximate UTC (Universal Time Coordinate) time offset for the various
longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you are in daylight savings
time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Time Offsets
74
W180.0º to W172.5º
-12
E007.5º to E022.5º
+1
W172.5º to W157.5º
-11
E022.5º to E037.5º
+2
W157.5º to W142.5º
-10
E037.5º to E052.5º
+3
W142.5º to W127.5º
-9
E052.5º to E067.5º
+4
H
W127.5º to W112.5º
-8
E067.5º to E082.5º
+5
W112.5º to W097.5º
-7
E082.5º to E097.5º
+6
A simple way to determine your local time offset is how
many hours you are behind or ahead of UTC (also called
‘Greenwich’ or ‘zulu’ time).
Example: EST (Eastern Standard Time) is 5 hours behind
UTC, so your offset would be -5. Adding one hour for
daylight savings would make EDT (Eastern Daylight Time)
- 4. Subtract an hour for each time zone as you travel
west.
W097.5º to W082.5º
-6
E097.5º to E112.5º
+7
W082.5º to W067.5º
-5
E112.5º to E127.5º
+8
W067.5º to W052.5º
-4
E127.5º to E142.5º
+9
W052.5º to W037.5º
-3
E142.5º to E157.5º
+10
W037.5º to W022.5º
-2
E157.5º to E172.5º
+11
W022.5º to W007.5º
-1
E172.5º to E180.0º
+12
Offsets for Continental U.S. would be:
EST
-5
CST
-6
MST
-7
PST
-8
W007.5º to E007.5º
0
EDT
CDT
MDT
PDT
-4
-5
-6
-7
The GPSMAP 162 uses an on-screen pop-up message system to alert you to unit operating
characteristics. Press the ENTER key to acknowledge and return to the page you were viewing.
Alarm Clock— The alarm clock has sounded.
Anchor Drag Alarm— You have drifted out of the specified distance range.
Antenna Input Shorted To Ground— Check antenna wiring/connections or antenna replacement.
Approaching Waypoint— You are a specified alarm distance from a destination waypoint.
Arrival At Waypoint— You have arrived at the destination waypoint.
Basemap Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with unit. Contact your dealer or GARMIN
Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the unit serviced.
Can’t Unlock Maps— A valid unlock code has not been entered for locked MapSource cartography. See the MapSource owner’s manual for more information on unlock codes and locked map data.
Database Error— Internal problem with unit. Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (pg.
iv) to have the unit serviced.
Lost Satellite Reception— The unit has lost satellite signals. Check antenna connections or try
moving to a location with a clear view of the sky.
Memory (RAM) Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with unit. Contact your dealer or
GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the unit serviced.
Memory (ROM) Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with unit. Contact your dealer or
GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the unit serviced.
No DGPS Position— No differential correction data is available or not enough data is available to
compute a DGPS position.
No Tide Stations For That Area— No tide stations within 100 miles of the specified point. Try
another area.
Off Course Alarm— You have exceeded the specified off-course distance.
Processor Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with unit. Contact your dealer or GARMIN
Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the unit serviced.
Proximity Alarm List is Full— You have used all ten proximity waypoints.
Appendix C
Messages
75
Appendix C
Messages
76
Proximity Alarm Waypoint— You have entered the alarm radius for the proximity waypoint
indicated.
Proximity Overlaps Another Proximity Waypoint—The alarm radius specified overlaps the area
specified for another proximity waypoint. Adjust distance.
Route Already Exists: <route name>— You have entered a route name that already exists in memory.
Modify route name or delete the previous route name.
Route Does Not Exist: <route name>— Route has been renamed or removed from memory and
cannot be used.
Route Is Full— You have attempted to add more than 30 points to a route. Reduce number of points
or create second route.
Route Memory Is Full Can’t Create Route— Maximum amount of 20 routes already in unit memory
and no additional routes can be added until existing ones are removed.
Route Truncated— Uploaded route from other device has more than 30 points. Reduce number
of points.
Running Simulator— Unit is in simulator (practice) mode.
Track Already Exists: <track name>— You have entered a saved track name that already exists in
memory. Modify track name or delete the previous track name.
Track Memory Is Full Can’t Create Track— Track log memory is full. No additional track log data
can be stored without deleting old data to create memory space.
Track Truncated— A complete upload track will not fit into memory. The oldest track log points were
deleted to make space for the most recent data.
Transfer Complete— The unit has finished uploading/downloading information to the connected
device.
Waypoint Already Exists: <waypoint name>— You have entered a waypoint name that already
exists in memory. Modify waypoint name or delete the previous waypoint name.
Waypoint Memory Is Full Can’t Create Waypoint— You have used all 500 waypoints available.
Delete unwanted waypoints to make space for new entries.
Adindan
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan
Chua Astro
Chua Astro- Paraguay
Afgooye
Afgooye- Somalia
Corrego Alegr
Corrego Alegre- Brazil
AIN EL ABD ‘70
AIN EL ANBD 1970- Bahrain Island,
Saudi Arabia
Djakarta
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra Island
(Indonesia)
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
Anna 1 Astro 1965- Cocos I.
Dos 1968
ARC 1950
ARC 1950- Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Dutch
Dutch
ARC 1960
Kenya, Tanzania
Easter Isld 67
Easter Island 1967
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Ascension Island 1958- Ascension Island
European 1950
Astro B4 Sorol
Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
European 1950- Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
Astro Dos 71/4
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astr Stn ‘52
Astronomic Stn 1952- Marcus Island
Aus Geod ‘66
Australian Geod 1966- Australia, Tasmania
Island
European 1979
Appendix D
Map Datums
F
The GPSMAP’s built-in world-wide database includes
coverage down to 20 n.m. (30 km). Note that the GPSMAP
162 basemap is valid to 75º north and 60º south of latitude.
European 1979- Austria, Finland,
Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayfrd
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic of Maldives
GDA
Geocentric Datum of Australia
Aus Geod ‘84
Australian Geod 1984- Australia, Tasmania
Island
Gandajika Base
Austria
Austria
Geod Datm ‘49
Geodetic Datum 1949-New Zealand
Bellevue (IGN)
Efate and Erromango Islands
Guam 1963
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Bermuda 1957
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda Islands
Gux 1 Astro
Guadalcanal Island
Bogota Observ
Bogota Obsrvatry- Colombia
Hjorsey 1955
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Campo Inchspe
Campo Inchauspe- Argentina
Hong Kong ‘63
Hong Kong 1963
Canton Ast ‘66
Canton Astro 1966- Phoenix Islands
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Taiwan
Cape
Cape- South Africa
Indian Bngldsh
Indian- Bangladesh, India, Nepal
Cape Canavrl
Cape Canaveral- Florida, Bahama Islands
Indian Thailand
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Carthage
Carthage- Tunisia
Indonesia 74
Indonesia 1974-Indonesia
CH-1903
CH 1903- Switzerland
Ireland 1965
Ireland 1965- Ireland
Chatham 1971
Chatham 1971- Chatham Island
(New Zealand)
ISTS 073 Astro
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69- Diego Garcia
Johnston Island
Johnston Island
F
The ‘User’ datum is based on a WGS-84-Local datum and
is an advanced feature for unlisted or custom datums. Check
your local library or on the world wide web for educational
materials on datums and coordinate systems.
77
Appendix D
Map Datums
Kandawala
NAD27 CONUS
North American 1927-Central America
(Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Honduras, Nicaragua)
North American 1927- Mean Value (CONUS)
NAD27 Cuba
North American 1927- Cuba
NAD27 Grnland
North American 1927- Greenland
(Hayes Peninsula)
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Kergueln Islnd
Kerguelen Island
NAD27 Mexico
North American 1927- Mexico
Kertau 1948
West Malaysia, Singapore
NAD27 San Sal
North American 1927- San Salvador Island
L.C. 5 Astro
Cayman Brac Island
NAD83
Liberia 1964
Liberia 1964- Liberia
North American 1983- Alaska, Canada,
Central America, CONUS, Mexico
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon- Mindanao Island
Qornoq
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Rome 1940
Rome 1940- Sardinia Island
RT 90
Sweden
Santo (Dos)
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Sao Braz
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel, Santa Maria
Islands
Sapper Hill ‘43
Sapper Hill 1943- East Falkland
Island
Schwarzeck
Schwarzeck- Namibia
SE Base
Southeast Base- Porto Santo and
Madiera Islands
Naparima BWI
Naparima BWI- Trinidad and Tobago
Nhrwn Masirah
Nahrwn- Masirah Island (Oman)
South Asia
South Asia- Singapore
Nhrwn Saudi A
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Sth Amrcn ‘69
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Nhrwn United A
Nahrwn- United Arab Emirates
Marco Astro
Marco Astro- Salvage Island
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Massawa
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
Observatorio 1966- Corvo and Flores Islands
(Azores)
South American 1969- Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela, Trinidad/Tobago
Merchich- Morocco
Old Egyptian
Old Egyptian- Egypt
SW Base
Merchich
Southwest Base- Faial, Graciosa,
Pico, Sao Jorge and Terceira Islands
Midway Ast ‘61
Midway Astro 1961- Midway
Timbalai 1948
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and
E. Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah)
Tokyo
Tokyo- Japan, Korea, Okinawa
Luzon Philippine
Mahe 1971
Luzon- Philippines
(excluding Mindanao Island)
Minna
Minna- Nigeria
NAD27 Alaska
North American 1927- Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
NAD27 Canada
78
NAD27 Central
North American 1927- Bahamas
(excluding San Salvador Island)
North American 1927- Canada and
Newfoundland
NAD27 Canal Zn
North American 1927- Canal Zone
NAD27 Caribbn
North American 1927- Caribbean
(Barbados, Caicos Islands, Cuba,
Dominican Republic, Grand Cayman,
Jamaica, Leeward and Turks Islands)
Old Hawaiian
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman
Oman- Oman
Ord Srvy GB
Old Survey Great Britain- England, Isle of
Man, Scotland, Shetland Island, Wales
Pico De Las Nv
Canary Islands
Potsdam
Potsdam-Germany
Prov S Am ‘56
Prov South American 1956- Bolivia, Chile,
Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
Prov S Chln ‘63
South Chilean 1963- S. Chile
Ptcairn Ast ‘67
Pitcairn Astro 1967- Pitcairn
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands
Qatar National
Qatar National- Qatar
Tristan Ast ‘68
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan da Cunha
User
User-defined custom datum
Viti Levu 1916
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/
Fiji Islands
Wake-Eniwetok
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall
WGS 72
World Geodetic System 72
WGS 84
World Geodetic System 84
Zanderij
Zanderij- Surinam
Average Speed— The average of all second-by-second speed readings since last reset.
Bearing (BRG)— The compass direction from your present position to a destination waypoint.
Course— The desired course between the active ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Distance (Dist)— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a destination waypoint.
Distance to Destination— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a GOTO destination,
or the final waypoint in a route.
Distance to Next— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a GOTO destination, or the
next waypoint in a route.
Elevation— Height above Mean Sea Level (MSL).
ETA— Estimate Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach your destination waypoint, based
on current speed and track.
ETA at Destination— The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination, or the final waypoint
in a route.
ETA at Next— The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination, or the next waypoint in
a route.
Fuel— The fuel required to travel from present position to the indicated route waypoint.
Leg Distance— The distance between two route waypoints.
Leg Fuel— The fuel required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence)
in the route.
Leg Time— The time required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence)
in the route.
Max Speed— The maximum second-by-second speed recorded since last reset.
Moving Average Speed— Average speed while the unit is moving.
Moving Trip Timer— Total time the unit has been moving.
Appendix E
Navigation Terms
79
Appendix E
Navigation Terms
80
Odometer— A running tally of distance travelled, based upon the distance between second-by-second
position readings.
Off Course— The distance you are off a desired course in either direction, left or right. Also referred
to as ‘cross-track error’ or ‘course error’.
Speed— The current velocity at which you are travelling, relative to a ground position. Also referred
to as ‘ground speed’.
Time To— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the next waypoint in a route.
Also referred to as ‘estimated time en route’.
Time to Destination— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the final
waypoint in a route.
Time to Next— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the next waypoint
in a route.
To Course— The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce course error or stay on course.
Provides the most efficient heading to get back to the desired course and proceed along your route.
Track— The direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground track’.
Trip Odometer— A running tally of distance travelled since last reset. Also see ‘Odometer’.
Total Average Speed— Average speed of unit for both moving and stopped speeds since last timer
reset.
Total Trip Timer— Total time the unit has been in operation since last reset of the trip timers.
Turn— The angle difference between the bearing to your destination and your current track. ‘L’
indicates you should turn left, ‘R’ indicates you should turn right. The degrees indicate the angle
you are off course.
VMG— Velocity Made Good. The speed you are closing in on a destination along a desired course. Also
referred to as the ‘vector velocity’ to your destination.
Physical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
Display:
Case:
Temp. Range:
4.63" H x 6.0" W x 2.75" D (11.7cm x 15.2cm x 7cm)
1 lb. 6 oz. (.763 kg)
4.2" diagonal (10.7cm) high-contrast, 4-level gray LCD with backlighting (240 x
240 pixels)
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy, waterproof to IEC 529-IPX-7
5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C)
Appendix F
Specifications
Performance
Receiver:
Differential-ready 12 parallel channel receiver tracks all satellites in view
Acquisition Times:
Warm:
Approx. 15 seconds
Cold:
Approx. 45 seconds
AutoLocate: Approx. 5 minutes
Update Rate: 1/second, continuous
Accuracy:
Position*: 15 meters (49 feet) RMS; 1-5 meters (3-15 feet) RMS with optional GARMIN
DGPS
receiver
Velocity:
0.1 knot RMS steady state
Dynamics:
6g's
* Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective Availability
Program.
Power
Source:
Usage:
Fuse:
10-40V DC
4 watts max.
AGC/3AG - 1.5 Amp
81
Appendix G
Antenna Installation
Installing the GPSMAP 162
The GPSMAP 162 must be properly installed according to the following instructions to get
the best possible performance. If you have the 162 with the built-in internal bail mount antenna
(010-00192-00), you may skip this section and proceed to the next page. For unit’s purchased with the
external GA 29 antenna (010-00191-00), follow the instructions below. To complete the installation,
you’ll need the appropriate fasteners and a 1” x 14-thread marine antenna mount available at most
marine dealers.
Mounting the GPS Antenna
Suggested locations for mounting the GA 29 antenna.
The antenna should be mounted in a location that has a clear, unobstructed view of the sky in all
directions to ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the antenna where it will be shaded by the
boat’s superstructure, a radome antenna, or mast. Sailboat users should avoid mounting the antenna
high on the mast to prevent inaccurate speed readings caused by excessive heeling. Most marine
VHF and LORAN antennas should not seriously degrade the GPS antenna’s reception. Never paint the
antenna or clean it with harsh solvents.
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1” x 14-thread antenna mount. If you
need to raise the antenna to avoid shading, try using a 1” x 14-thread extension mast available at
most marine dealers.
To install the GPS antenna:
1. Screw the antenna directly onto the 1” x 14-thread mount.
It is possible to route the coaxial cable either through,
or outside the antenna mount. The BNC connector on
the coaxial cable can be removed, and the coaxial cable
shortened to ease installation. If the BNC connector is
removed it must be replaced with a new BNC connector.
82
2. Route the cable to the mounting location of the display unit. Use the appropriate tie-wraps,
fasteners and sealant to secure the cable along the route and through any bulkhead or deck.
3. Once the GPSMAP 162 unit has been installed, connect the cable to the antenna connector on the
back of the display unit. Make sure that you turn the antenna cable connector 1/4 turn clockwise
to lock the cable into place.
Mounting the GPSMAP 162 Unit
The GPSMAP 162’s compact, waterproof case is suitable for mounting in exposed locations or at the
nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal bracket that can be used for surface or overhead mounting.
When choosing a location for the display unit, make sure you consider the following conditions:
• There should be at least a 3” (5 cm) clearance behind the case to allow connection of the
antenna (external antenna only), power/data cables.
• The mounting surface should be heavy enough to support the unit and protect it from excessive
vibration and shock.
• For unit’s with the built-in internal bail mount antenna (010-00192-00), it should be mounted
in a location that has the clearest, most unobstructed view of the sky in all directions to
ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the unit where it will be blocked by the boat’s
superstructure, a radar arch, or mast.
I
Appendix G
Unit Installation
The temperature range for the GPSMAP 162 is 5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C). Extended
exposure to temperatures exceeding this range (in storage or operating conditions) may
cause failure of the LCD screen. This type of failure and related consequences are NOT
covered by the manufacturer’s limited warranty.
To install the GPSMAP 162 unit:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fastener you are using.
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fastener.
4. Insert the GPSMAP 162 into the mounting bracket. The bracket is designed for a tight fit to provide
additional support when swiveling the unit.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket and into the display case.
6. Connect the power/data and antenna cables (external antenna only) to the back of the unit, making
sure the locking rings are fully tightened on both connectors.
83
Appendix G
Wiring and
Interfacing
Connecting the Power/Data
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 162 to a 10-40 volt DC system and provides
interface capabilities for connecting external devices. The color code in the diagram below indicates the
appropriate harness connections. Replacement fuse is a AGC/3AG - 1.5 Amp fuse.
3
4
5
2
6
1
7
3
Interfacing
Complete information concerning NMEA
formats and sentences is available for
purchase from NMEA at:
NMEA
PO Box 3435
New Bern, NC 28564-3435
252-638-2626
252-638-4885 FAX.
84
The following formats are supported for connection of external devices: GARMIN proprietary
Differential GPS (DGPS), NMEA 0180, 0182, 0183 (versions 1.5, 2.0, 2.3), ASCII Text Output,
RTCM SC-104 input (version 2.0).
The following are the sentences for NMEA 0183, version 2.3 output: Approved sentences—
GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBOD, GPRTE, and GPWPL; Proprietary sentences—
PGRME, PGRMZ, and PSLIB. The GPSMAP 162 also includes NMEA input with support for the WPL
sentence and Sonar NMEA input with support for the DPT, MTW and VHW sentences.
You can download a copy of GARMIN's proprietary communication protocol the Help and Support
section of our website at www.garmin.com.
NMEA Interface
If you are going to interface the GPSMAP 162 with another piece of equipment such as a radar
or autopilot the unit has to be set to output NMEA data. The NMEA data can be customized to
shorten the update time from the unit. If too many NMEA sentences are activated the unit may take
longer than 2 seconds to update.
Appendix H
Advanced NMEA Setup
Activating the NMEA Data:
1. With the GPSMAP 162 turned on, press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu. Using
the Arrow Keypad, select the ‘COMM’ tab.
2. Highlight the ‘Serial Data Format’ field and press ENTER.
3. Select ‘NMEA IN/NMEA OUT’ and press ENTER.
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
The GPSMAP 162 NMEA data transmission can be customized to keep the output rate at two
seconds. If the unit is setup to output all of the available NMEA sentences, the output rate may
exceed two seconds. The ‘Advanced NMEA Output Setup’ page will allow you to turn On/Off the GPS
Status (GSA, GSV), Waypoint/Route (WPL, RTE) and the GARMIN Proprietary sentences. You can also
change the precision of the Lat/Lon Minutes.
Advanced NMEA Output Setup:
1. With NMEA In/NMEA Out selected, press the MENU key. Select NMEA Setup and press ENTER.
Advanced NMEA Setup Page
2. To turn a field On/Off, place the highlight over that field and press ENTER. Make a selection and
press ENTER again to accept the selection.
GPSMAP 162 NMEA Sentence Output (NMEA Version 2.30 compliant)
Always transmitted:
GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGLL, GPBOD, GPBWC, GPVTG, GPXTE, GPRMB
Switchable sentences:
GPGSA, GPGSV, GPWPL, GPRTE
Garmin Proprietary:
PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM
85
Appendix I
Index
A
Accessories .......................................... vi
Accuracy ............................................ 19
Accuracy Circle ..................................3 1
Active Route Page......................... 37, 58
Active Route Page Options .................5 8
Advanced NMEA Setup ..................... 85
Alarm Tab.....................................60, 68
Anchor Drag Alarm ............................6 8
Arrival Alarm......................................6 8
ARROW KEYPAD.............................1, 3
AutoLocate .........................................2 1
B
Backlighting ......................................6-7
Bearing Line .......................................3 1
Bearing/Distance Measuring ...............2 9
Beeper ................................................6 3
Boat Speed ...................................12, 15
By Name Waypoint List......................4 4
C
Capabilities .......................................... v
86
Cautions.............................................. iii
Celes(tial) Tab .............................. 60, 69
Changing Data Fields ..............16, 33-34
Clearing the Track Log ........... 17, 48, 61
Clock Alarm ....................................... 68
Color Mode ........................................ 31
Comm Tab ..............................60, 66-68
Compass Page .............................. 14, 35
Compass Page Options....................... 35
Configure Highway ............................ 37
Configuring the Map .......................... 29
Contrast Setting.................................... 6
Cursor Movement .....................9, 23-27
E
D
Go To Waypoint ............................46-47
Going to a Destination.............11, 46-50
Data Fields ....................................33-34
Data Transfer ...................................... 66
Date/Time............................... 18, 62, 69
Datum, Map ............................64, 77-78
Daylight Savings Time ........................ 62
Deep Water Alarm .............................. 68
Depth ................................................. 65
DGPS Interface Settings.................66-68
DGPS Status ...................... 19-20, 67-68
Differential Receiver Status ................. 20
Dilution Of Precision (DOP)............... 19
Distance, Speed and Altitude.............. 65
Editing Routes...............................55-57
Editing Waypoints.........................40-41
ENTER/MARK Key ......................... 3, 38
Entering Data ....................................... 3
F
Fishing Hot Spots Info ....................... 25
Follow Track .................................48-49
Follow Route................................ 12, 53
Fuel Flow ........................................... 57
Full Screen Map ................................. 28
G
H
Heading ............................................. 65
Highway Page..........................14-15, 36
Highway Page Configuration .............. 37
Highway Page Options ..................36-37
“How To” Index................................. viii
I
IN Key.................................................. 1
Initialization ................................4-5, 21
Installation ....................................82-84
Interfacing.................................... 66, 84
K
Keypad Usage..................................... 1
Nearest Tide Station ...........................71
Nearest Waypoint List ........................44
NMEA Output Formats ................66, 84
Appendix I
Index
L
Land Mode ....................................... 31
Language Selection ........................... 63
Local Time Offset ....................... 62, 74
Loran TD...............................21, 72-73
Loran TD Setup................................ 73
O
M
P
Main Menu............................16, 59-71
Map Configuration ......................29-31
Map Datums..........................64, 77-78
Map Page ............................. 8-9, 22-34
Cursor .................12, 9, 23-27
Layout ...........................32-33
Options .........................28-34
Map Scales ....................................... 27
MapSource Info Page........................ 32
Measure Distance/Bearing................. 29
MENU Key ......................................... 1
Messages .....................................75-76
MOB .......................................... 46,50
Moonrise/Moonset............................ 69
Packing List......................................... vi
PAGE Key............................................. 1
Pages Tab .....................................59, 62
Plan Route..........................................57
Position Format..................................64
Power Off ...........................................17
Power On .........................................4, 6
Power/Backlight/Contrast Key .............. 1
Preface..................................................ii
Proximity Waypoints .....................44-46
N
Receiver Status ..............................18-19
Re-evaluate Active Route ....................58
Registration ..........................................ii
NAV/MOB Key .............1, 11-12, 46-47
Navigation Terms ........................ 79-80
Odometers, Trip .................................62
Off Course Alarm ...............................68
OUT Key .............................................. 1
Overzoom ..........................................27
Q
QUIT Key............................................. 1
Restore Garmin Setup......................... 63
Restoring Defaults .........................31-32
Reviewing Waypoints ......................... 40
Route List Page................................... 53
Route Review Page ............................. 54
Routes ................................................. 51
Activating .......................12, 53
Copying................................ 53
Creating...........................51-52
Deactivating.......................... 53
Deleting ..........................53, 57
Editing.............................55-57
Insert/Add Turns & Points55-56
Inverting ............................... 57
Moving Points....................... 55
Naming................................. 54
Planning ............................... 57
Removing Points .............54, 55
Reviewing Points.............54, 55
R
87
Appendix I
Index
S
Satellite Sky View ...............................18
Selecting Options ................................. 2
Serial Data Format..............................66
Serial Number ..................................... iv
Setting Alarms ....................................68
Setup Page Layout ...................32-33, 37
Shallow Water Alarm..........................68
Signal Strength Bars........................5, 18
Simulator .......................................7, 63
Simulator Speed .................................63
Software Version.................................63
Specifications .....................................81
Speed, Distance and Altitude..............65
Speed Filter ........................................62
Status Page ............................ 5-8, 18-19
Status Page Options.......................20-21
Sunrise/Sunset........................57, 58, 69
Symbols, Waypoint ...........10, 13, 38-43
System Tab ...................................60, 63
88
T
W
Table of Contents ............................... vii
Temperature ....................................... 65
Tide Charts....................................70-71
Tide Tab ..................................60, 70-71
Time Format ...................................... 62
Time Offsets ....................................... 74
Time Tab ...................................... 59, 62
Time Zone.......................................... 58
TracBack..................................48-49, 61
Track Log
Clearing .................... 17, 48, 61
Deleting ................................ 61
Saving............................. 48, 61
Showing on Map. 30, 37, 49, 61
Track Tab ......................................60-61
Trip and Fuel Planning ....................... 57
Trip Odometers .................................. 62
Trip Tab.............................................. 62
Trip Timers......................................... 62
WAAS................................................ 2 1
Warnings............................................ iii
Warranty ............................................ i v
Water Mode....................................... 3 1
WaypointLists42, 44
Waypoint Options ........................ 42-43
Waypoints
Creating ................10, 13, 26-27, 38-40
Deleting............................................. 43
Editing ......................................... 40-41
Moving.............................................. 41
Naming ............................................. 41
Nearest.............................................. 44
Proximity ..................................... 44-46
Reviewing.................................... 13, 40
Symbols ........................... 10, 13, 38-43
Viewing Info...................................... 26
Welcome Page ..................................... ii
Wiring Installation ............................ 84
U
Z
Units Tab.................................60, 64-65
User Datum...................................77-78
Zooming.......................9, 15, 22, 27, 36
89
© 2001 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9AQ, U.K.
GARMIN (Asia) Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00169-00 Rev. C
162 new cover.indd
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11/30/01, 9:19 AM