Owner`s manual | Garmin GPSMAP 168 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPSMAP 168 Sounder
chartplotting receiver
& depth-finder
owner’s
manual
and
reference
guide
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© 2000 GARMIN Corporation
Introduction
Software Version 2.50 or above
Internal Database Version 2.00
Foreword
GARMIN International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ, U.K.
Tel. 44/1794.519944
Fax 44/1794.519222
GARMIN Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced,
copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose
without prior written consent of GARMIN Corporation. GARMIN Corporation hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium
to be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision
must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized
commercial distribution of this manual is strictly prohibited.
I
GARMIN®, Autolocate®, See-Thru®, DCG (Depth Control
Gain)® and TracBack® are registered trademarks, and
MapSourceTM is a trademark of GARMIN Corporation and
may not be used without the express permission of GARMIN
Corporation.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice. GARMIN Corporation reserves the
right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to
notify any person or organization of such changes. Visit the GARMIN website (www.garmin.com) for
current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other
GARMIN products.
January 2001
168 Manual Intro.indd
Part Number 190-00170-00 Rev. B
1
Printed in Taiwan
i
01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Introduction
Preface
Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced depth sounding and marine navigation
systems available! The GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder utilizes the proven performance of GARMIN
GPS and full featured depth sounding and mapping to create an unsurpassed marine navigation
chartplotter and fishfinding package.
Preface and
Registration
To get the most out of your new navigation and sounding system, take the time to go through
this owner’s manual and learn the operating procedures for your unit. This manual is broken down
into two parts for your convenience.
Part One introduces you to the GPSMAP 168 Sounder and provides a Getting Started tour so you
may become more familiar with the unit. This section will provide you with a basic working knowledge
necessary to use the unit to its fullest potential.
Part Two is divided into sections that provide detailed references to the advanced features and
operations of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder. This allows you to concentrate on a specific topic quickly and
look up detailed information about the GPSMAP 168 Sounder.
H
Customer Service Product Registration
Why should you register your GARMIN GPS
unit:
• Notification of Product Updates
• Notification of New Products
• Lost or Stolen unit tracking
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168 Manual Intro.indd
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Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration today! Have the serial
number of your GPSMAP 168 Sounder handy and connect to our website (www.garmin.com). Look for
the Product Registration link on the Home page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the area
provided on page iv of this manual.
F
NOTE: If you have previously registered a GARMIN product purchase using a mail-in
registration card, we invite you to re-register using our NEW on-line system. Many
services provided by our new product registration system are now being automated.
Re-registering your purchase ensures you the best possible support from GARMIN.
01/09/01, 9:21 AM
The GPS system is operated by the United States government, which is solely responsible for
its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Although the GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder is a precision
electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore,
become unsafe.
The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is designed to facilitate the use of authorized
government charts, not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain
all information needed for safe navigation – and, as always, the user is responsible for their prudent
use.
Use the GPSMAP 168 Sounder at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully
review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and thoroughly practice operation using
the simulator mode prior to actual use. When in actual use, carefully compare indications from
the GPSMAP 168 Sounder to all available navigation sources, including the information from other
NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder should not be used as a navigational aid or depth sounder to prevent
collision, grounding, boat damage or personal injury. The digital depth displayed is the depth under the
transducer and not necessarily the front of the boat. By the time a depth is displayed, most of your boat
may have already passed over that area. We recommend that you operate the boat at a very slow speed
if you suspect shallow water or submerged objects.
NOTE: This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
There is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by relocating the
equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit. Consult an authorized dealer or other
qualified technician for additional help if these remedies do not correct the problem.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for class B digital devices for home or
office use. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
168 Manual Intro.indd
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Introduction
Warnings and
Precautions
MAP DATA INFORMATION: One of the goals of GARMIN
is to provide customers with the most complete and accurate
cartography that is available to us at a reasonable cost.
We use a combination of governmental and private data
sources, which we identify (as required) in product literature
and copyright messages displayed to the consumer. Virtually
all data sources contain inaccurate or incomplete data to
some degree. This is particularly true outside the United
States, where complete and accurate digital data is either
not available or prohibitively expensive.
I
CAUTION: IT IS THE USER’S RESPONSIBILITY TO
USE THIS PRODUCT PRUDENTLY. THIS PRODUCT
IS INTENDED TO BE USED ONLY AS A
NAVIGATIONAL AID AND MUST NOT BE USED
FOR ANY PURPOSE REQUIRING PRECISE
MEASUREMENT OF DIRECTION, DISTANCE,
LOCATION, OR TOPOGRAPHY.
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01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Introduction
LIMITED WARRANTY
Warranty and
Serial Number
GARMIN Corporation warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and manufacture
for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option, repair or replace any
components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the
customer for parts or labor. The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This
warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
Serial Number
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number
located on the bottom of the unit) in case it is lost, stolen, or
needs service. Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a
safe place or attach a photocopy inside the manual.
Serial Number:
*
*
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The GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever encounter a problem with your
unit, please contact your GARMIN dealer or GARMIN
Customer Service department (913-397-8200) for repairs.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder is fastened shut with screws.
Any attempt to open the case to change or modify the unit
in any way will void your warranty and may result in
permanent damage to the equipment.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU
OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY
LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC
LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY
TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT
ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE
LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
To obtain warranty service, contact your GARMIN dealer or call the GARMIN Customer Service
department (913-397-8200) for a returned merchandise tracking number. The unit should be securely
packaged with the tracking number clearly marked on the outside of the package and sent freight
prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is
required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs. GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair
or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH
REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
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01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Designed for detailed electronic charting capability, the GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder is a
powerful navigation device that can give you the navigation information you need:
Precision Performance
• High-contrast, four-level gray, LCD screen with backlighting
• 12-channel parallel receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites for fast, accurate positioning
• Differential-Ready — just add an optional GARMIN beacon receiver for better than 5-meter
accuracy
• Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy case, waterproof to IEC 529-IPX-7
Introduction
Capabilities
Advanced Navigating and Plotting
• 500 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons
• Built-in Americas basemap to 20 miles includes detailed ocean, river and lake coastlines, cities,
interstates, US state highways and local thoroughfares
• 20 reversible routes with up to 30 waypoints each
• Uploadable maps up to 2.5 Megabytes of data using GARMIN’s MapSource PC products
• Coordinates: Lat/Lon, UTM/UPS, Loran TD, plus 9 grids, including Maidenhead
• TracBack route feature which allows you to quickly retrace your track log to a starting position
• Built-in simulator mode
Superior Fishfinding Ability
• Whiteline feature provides a clear image of both bottom hardness and structure
• See-Thru technology which helps separate fish returns from thermoclines and structure
• Four zoom levels with a moving view window
• Underwater waypoint marking
• Map/Sonar split screen combines navigation and fishfinding information
• Fish and depth alarms
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01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Introduction
Before installing and getting started with your unit, please check to see that your package includes
the following items. If any parts are missing, please contact your GARMIN dealer immediately.
Packing List
Standard Package:
• GPSMAP 168 Sounder Unit
• GA 29 External Antenna and 30’ cable* (P/N 010-00174-00)
• Internal Antenna, Bail Mount** (P/N 010-10265-00)
• Power/Data Cable (P/N 010-10083-03)
• Owner’s Manual (P/N 190-00170-00)
• Quick Reference Card (P/N 0190-00170-01)
• Protective Cover (P/N 147-00008-00)
I
GPSMAP 168 Sounder
Standard and Optional Transducers
Unit part numbers 010-00199-00 and 010-00202-00
include a 200 kHz, 20 degree, plastic, depth and temp,
transom mount transducer (P/N 010-10118-00). For a
complete list of optional transducers, see page 93.
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* Not included with part numbers 010-00202-00 or 010-00202-02 with internal antenna.
** Not included with part numbers 010-00199-00 or 010-00199-02 with external antenna.
Optional Accessories:
• US A/C PC Adapter (P/N 010-10276-00)
• EURO A/C PC Adapter (P/N 010-10276-01)
• UK A/C PC Adapter (P/N 010-10276-02)
• Cigarette Lighter Adapter (P/N 010-10208-00)
• MapSource CDs: US Waterways & Lights, US Topo, US Roads & Recreation, European Roads
& Recreation, and WorldMap
• Beacon Receiver for differential corrections: GBR21 (E-Field Antenna, P/N 010-00068-00),
GBR23 (H-Field Antenna, P/N 010-00151-00)
• 2nd Mounting Station (P/N 010-10196-01)
• Quick Release Flush Mounting Kit (P/N 010-10246-00)
• Marine Swivel Mount, 1” RAM® Mount (P/N 010-10256-00)
01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i-viii
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Preface and Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ii
Warnings and Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Warranty and Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Packing List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
“How To” Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Section One: Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-19
Keypad Usage, Selecting Options, Entering
Data, Initializing the Receiver, Power
On/Off, Contrast, Backlighting, Simulator,
Description of Main Pages, Simulated Tour
Section Two: Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20-79
Status Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Map Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Map Page Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Sonar Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Sonar Page Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Compass Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Highway Page and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Reviewing and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Waypoint List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Nearest and Proximity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
168 Manual Intro.indd
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Going to a Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
TracBack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Reviewing and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Main Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Track Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Trip, Time and Pages Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . .68
System Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Units Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Communication Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72
Alarm Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Celestial Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Tides Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Introduction
Table of Contents
Appendix A: Loran TD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
Appendix B: Time Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Appendix C: Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Appendix D: Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Appendix E: Navigation Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Appendix F: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Appendix G: Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Appendix H: Understanding Sonar . . . . . . . . .100
Appendix I: Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
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01/09/01, 9:21 AM
Introduction
“How To” Index
H
The list to the right is provided to help you quickly find some
of the more important procedures you will use on your new
GPSMAP 168 Sounder.
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168 Manual Intro.indd
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TO DO THIS:
SEE PAGE(S):
Turn the unit on or off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 6, 19
Initialize the GPS receiver (first time use) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Adjust screen contrast or backlighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Enter data and select options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Learn how the operate the unit’s function keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Mark your present location as a waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10, 44
Go to a destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 52-56
Create and use a route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57-64
Learn about the Map page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-9, 24-26
Pan using the map arrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 25
Zoom in or out on the Map page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 26
Reconfigure the Map page display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27-33
Access the Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18, 65
Change units of measure (statute, nautical, metric) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70-71
Change the displayed time (zone) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Setup Loran TD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80-81
View tide information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78-79
View celestial information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
Set alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75-76
See current position, date and time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 20
View a unit message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
01/09/01, 9:21 AM
The IN Key
The IN key adjusts the map scale to display a smaller area with more detail. (Zooms in)
Getting Started
Keypad Usage
The OUT Key
The OUT key adjusts the map scale to display a larger area with less detail. (Zooms out)
The PAGE Key
The PAGE key selects the main pages in sequence and returns display from a submenu page.
The ARROW KEYPAD
The ARROW KEYPAD is used to select (Highlight) menu options and enter data. It also controls cursor
movement on the Map Page.
The ENTER/MARK Key
The ENTER/MARK key selects a highlighted menu option. When entering data, it allows you to initiate
entry, and then to accept the selected value(s). It also marks the current location as a waypoint when
pressed and held for more than one second.
The QUIT Key
The QUIT key returns the display to the previous page and, when entering data, it restores the previous
value (cancels data entry).
The MENU Key
The MENU key displays a menu of available options for the current page. Press twice to display the
Main Menu.
The NAV/MOB Key
The NAV/MOB key displays the Go To and Follow navigation menu. It also activates the MOB (Man
OverBoard) function when pressed and held for more than one second.
The POWER/BACKLIGHT/CONTRAST Key
The POWER/BACKLIGHT/CONTRAST key turns on/off the unit and display illumination.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
1
OUT
ZOOM
PAGE
IN
Arrow Keypad
ENTER
MARK
QUIT
MENU
NAV
MOB
Power Key
Always press and release a key to perform
its primary function. Pressing and holding
the ENTER/MARK or NAV/MOB keys
will activate their secondary function.
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01/09/01, 10:39 AM
Getting Started
How To Select Options and Enter Data
Before moving ahead into GPSMAP 168 Sounder features you will need to learn basic operation.
You can select and activate options and enter data to customize the GPSMAP 168 Sounder to fit your
requirements. You can use the ENTER/MARK key and ARROW KEYPAD to select options, enter
names and numbers in data fields, and activate your selections.
Selecting Options
To select and activate an optional feature:
1. With any page displayed, press the MENU key to pop-up the options menu. The options menu will
display a list of optional features which are specific for that particular page. To select any feature on
the list of options requires movement of the cursor, which is identified as highlighting, selecting or
choosing an item in a list or a field (box) on a page.
Options Menu with
highlighted option.
Use the ARROW
KEYPAD to highlight
the next option. Press
ENTER/MARK to
activate.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor (highlight) up and down a list or up, down, and
sideways on menus.
3. Once you have moved to the selection desired, press the ENTER/MARK key to either activate the
feature or the MENU key to pop-up a sub-menu or list of yet more feature options. Just repeat this
process to select an option from the list or press the QUIT key to return to the previous setting.
The QUIT key will move backwards through these steps or when pressed, back to the main page
you started on.
To select and activate a function button:
1. When moving about a page with function buttons, like the New Waypoint Page, you will observe
functions such as ’OK’, ‘Go To’ and ‘Delete’. To activate the function, highlight the desired button
and press the ENTER/MARK key.
2
Pop-up list of options for a highlighted
field.
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Naming a waypoint or placing any sort of data that has not been predefined requires the use of
both the ARROW KEYPAD and the ENTER/MARK key.
Getting Started
Entering Data
To enter a name or number in a data field:
1. Once you have accessed a page with programmable data fields (i.e. ‘ Waypoint Edit’) you can use
the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor (highlight) to fields on the page. Use the UP/DOWN
arrows to move up or down and the LEFT/RIGHT arrows to move sideways.
2. Pressing the ENTER/MARK key with the field highlighted begins the process for entering data in
the form of alphanumeric characters.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD UP/DOWN arrows to cycle through numbers 0 to 9, plus/minus symbols,
blank space, and the alphabet. Pressing and releasing the keypad moves you character by character
through the list. Pressing and holding the keypad moves you rapidly through the list.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD LEFT/RIGHT arrows to move to the next character on the line or
backwards to edit characters. If there are more than two lines of data, keep pressing to the RIGHT
to drop down to the next line.
5. When data entry is complete, press ENTER/MARK to accept data, then move to the next programmable field. Not all data fields are programmable, like the date and time. When moving about a
page with these type of fields, the cursor will skip over them.
Every field and button on this page
can be programmed or activated.
Pressing UP or DOWN
on the ARROW KEYPAD
changes numbers and
letters.
Pressing LEFT or RIGHT
on the ARROW KEYPAD
moves the cursor along
the line or to the next line.
Data Entry Field
• The waypoint can be renamed.
• A depth can be entered.
• A waypoint symbol can be selected
from a list of symbols.
Non-programable
data fields
• Option buttons can be activated.
• The coordinates can be changed.
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01/09/01, 10:40 AM
Getting Started
Initializing the Receiver
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s advanced keypad system is designed to allow for fast, convenient
selection of navigation options and data entry. The Getting Started Tour will introduce you to the
keypad and provide a “hands-on” lesson in using the GPSMAP 168 Sounder. We strongly encourage
you to take the Getting Started tour before using your unit for actual navigation.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder Quick Reference Guide contains helpful tips on using the unit and
performing various navigation tasks. It’s a good idea to keep the Quick Reference Guide nearby
whenever you’re operating your new GPSMAP 168 Sounder.
Initializing the Receiver
GPSMAP 168 Sounder Self-Test Screen
The first time you power up your new GPSMAP 168 Sounder, the receiver must be given an
opportunity to collect satellite data and establish its present position. To ensure proper initialization, the
GPSMAP 168 Sounder is shipped from the factory in AutoLocate mode, which will allow the receiver
to “find itself” anywhere in the world. To speed up the initialization process, we recommend using
the graphic initialization process described on the next page, which will usually provide a position
fix within a few minutes.
Before you initialize, make sure the GPSMAP 168 Sounder unit and antenna have been correctly
installed on your vessel according to the instructions in Appendix G. The antenna needs to be in a clear
and unobstructed view of the sky to receive satellite signals.
To turn the GPSMAP 168 Sounder on:
1. Press and hold the POWER key until the power tone sounds and the display comes on, then
release the POWER key.
GPSMAP 168 Sounder Warning Screen
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168 Manual Part 1.indd
The Welcome Page will appear while the unit conducts a self-test. Once the internal test is
complete, a warning page will appear, asking you to read and acknowledge important information
regarding the proper use of the unit.
To acknowledge the warning:
1. After reading the warning, press the ENTER/MARK key if you agree.
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01/09/01, 10:40 AM
To graphically initialize the GPSMAP 168 Sounder:
1. From the Satellite Page, press the MENU key. The Satellite Page options menu window will appear.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Initialize Position’ and press ENTER/MARK to initialize the
receiver from the built-in worldwide map. The Initialize Position Page will appear, prompting you to
select your approximate location with the map cursor.
Getting Started
Initializing the Receiver
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the map cursor and point to your approximate location within
100 miles. If you have difficulty identifying your position, press and release the IN key to zoom in
to see the next lower map scale.
4. Once you have determined your approximate location on the map, press the ENTER/MARK key.
I
This does not “calibrate” the unit in any way, but rather helps to speed up the initial
satellite acquisition. If the unit switches to the Map Page or displays ‘2D’ or ‘3D
Navigation’ during this process, it is not necessary to initialize the unit.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder will now begin searching for the appropriate satellites for your region
and should acquire a fix within a few minutes. A signal strength bar for each satellite in view will appear
on the top middle of the page, with the appropriate satellite number under each bar. The progress of
satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
Point to your approximate location
and press ENTER/MARK.
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Hollow signal strength bars— the receiver has found the indicated satellite(s) and is collecting data.
• Solid signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite(s) are
ready for use.
Once the receiver has collected information from at least three satellites, the top of the screen will
display either ‘2D’ or ‘3D Navigation’, and the GPSMAP 168 Sounder is ready for use.
A satellite’s strength bars will turn
black when it’s ready for use.
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Getting Started
GPSMAP 168 Sounder Getting Started Tour
Power On/Screen Contrast
The GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder is a powerful electronic navigation and depth sounding
system that provides detailed map coverage and convenient control of many advanced features right
from the screen display. This tour is designed to take you through the basic pages and functions of the
system using the simulator mode. Once you’re familiar with the main pages and functions of the unit,
refer to the reference section for instructions on performing specific tasks and functions.
The Getting Started tour assumes that the receiver has been properly installed and initialized, and
you have not changed any of the default unit settings. If you have changed any settings (position
formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions and pictures in the tour may not match your
configuration.
To turn the GPSMAP 168 Sounder on:
1. Press and hold the POWER key until the power tone sounds, then release the POWER key. The
Welcome Page will appear while the unit conducts a self-test.
2. Once the self-test is complete, press the ENTER/MARK key, if you agree, to acknowledge the
warning.
The Status Page will appear as the receiver begins acquiring satellites. From the Status Page or any
other page, you may also adjust the screen contrast and backlighting.
To adjust the screen contrast:
1. Press POWER to activate the Light and Contrast window.
To adjust the screen contrast,
press LEFT or RIGHT on the
ARROW KEYPAD to move
the contrast slider.
2. To decrease or increase the screen contrast, press LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to finish.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s adjustable screen backlighting is controlled with the POWER key, and
may be adjusted at any time from any page. The backlight can cycle through off, user-defined, and
maximum backlight levels by repeatedly pressing the POWER key.
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To turn on and adjust the backlighting:
1. Press POWER to activate the Light and Contrast window.
2. Press POWER again and the user-defined level of backlighting will activate. You may adjust this
level by pressing UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD. If you press POWER one more time, the
backlighting will be at the maximum setting.
Getting Started
Backlighting/
Simulator Mode
3. Press ENTER/MARK or QUIT when done.
The backlight will now cycle through off, the user-defined, and maximum backlight levels by
repeatedly pressing the POWER key.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Status Page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition, receiver
status, date, time and position coordinates. Each page of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s system also
features an options page, which gives you access to other functions and features that relate to the
specific page you are viewing. To get a feel for how the options pages work, let’s put the GPSMAP
168 Sounder into simulator mode.
Press UP or DOWN on the
ARROW KEYPAD to move
the backlighting slider up for
brighter or down for dimmer
backlighting.
To place the GPSMAP 168 Sounder in simulator mode:
1. From the Status Page, press the MENU key. The options page will appear, displaying a menu of
options and functions for the Status Page.
2. Use the UP or DOWN arrow of the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Start Simulator’ option
and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm the ‘Running Simulator’ message that appears at the
bottom of the display.
Once the simulator has been started, the status field at the top of the page will display a ‘Simulating
Navigation’ status. Now you’re ready to continue the rest of the simulated tour. Keep in mind that
the GPSMAP 168 Sounder does not track satellites or show actual sounding data in simulator
mode, and this mode should never be used for actual navigation or depth sounding. All the
waypoint and route planning done in simulator mode will still be retained in memory for future use.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
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When the unit is in simulator mode, an
‘S’ will appear in the lower left corner
of every screen and the Satellite Page
will show “Simulating Navigation.”
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Getting Started
The Status Page is one of six main pages used in the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s system. The six main
pages are the Status Page, Map Page, Sonar Page, Compass Page, Highway Page and Active Route Page.
All six pages are linked together in a simple chain, which allows you to scroll through the pages in
either direction using the PAGE and QUIT keys.
Status Page/
Map Page
Satellite
Information
Date &
Time
Status Page
Map Page
Sonar Page
Compass Page
PAGE
Highway Page
Active Route Page
QUIT
To continue the tour, let’s move on to the next page, the Map Page.
Coordinates
Status Page
Data
Window
Current
Position
Map Page
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To scroll to the next page in sequence:
1. Press the PAGE key.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Map Page combines digital chartplotting with a user-selectable display
of navigation data and a built-in worldwide database to 20 mi. It will also be the page you use most
to create and edit waypoints and routes. Before we take off on our practice route, let’s take a brief look
at its various features and displays.
The map display shows your “boat” as a triangle marker on an electronically generated chart.
Geographic names, roads, markers and buoys that are provided by the optional MapSource data are
also shown. It also displays your track, routes and nearby waypoints. An on-screen cursor lets you
pan to other map areas, determine the range and bearing to a position, and perform various waypoint
and route functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable display of various
navigation data, including course, speed over ground, and bearing and distance to the cursor or a
particular waypoint. The current map scale setting is located at the bottom right of the page.
01/09/01, 10:40 AM
Getting Started
Using the Map Cursor
Working from the Map Page is a simple process that centers around the use of the cursor.
Controlled by the ARROW KEYPAD, the cursor is an important tool that can be used to pan to
other map locations, mark and edit waypoints and routes, and review position data of on-screen map
items and waypoints.
Map Cursor
To get a feel for using the Map Page and using the cursor, try the following exercise:
1. Use the IN/OUT keys to set the map scale to the 50 nm setting. Your boat should be near the center
of the map, at the receiver’s last known position. (If your boat isn’t where it should be, make sure
that you have initialized the receiver and acquired a position as described on pages 1-2.)
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor. Notice how another data field appears at the
top of the page, showing the bearing and distance from your boat to the cursor, along with the
latitude/longitude of the cursor.
Map Scale
3. Press the QUIT key to remove the cursor and re-center your boat on the map display.
As you become more familiar with the cursor, you’ll see that the map display actively scrolls or
‘pans’, letting you explore areas around the world and create waypoints and routes. Wherever you
move the cursor, you’ll always be just one QUIT keystroke away from returning the map to your
present position.
Now that you’ve seen how the Status and Map Pages can be used to monitor satellite acquisition
and your present location, let’s take a minute to learn how to mark and store your present position as
a waypoint. (Since you’re in simulator mode, the present position displayed will be the last position
calculated by the receiver, which should be the spot where you’ve initialized the unit.) This will also
give you an opportunity to see how the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s keypad and ENTER/MARK key are
used for data entry and changing the waypoint name and symbol.
Current position
Distance
Bearing
Map Cursor
Cursor Coordinates
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Getting Started
To mark your present position:
Marking Waypoints
1. Hold down the ENTER/MARK key until the New Waypoint Page appears then release the key. The
window will show a default three-digit waypoint name/number (001), symbol (dot), and position.
You can leave the name as the auto-assigned number, but for this exercise, lets change the name
to ‘DOCK’.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint name field (001) and press ENTER/MARK.
You will see that just the first ‘0’ is now highlighted.
3. Press LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to clear the name field.
4. Press the UP or DOWN arrow of the ARROW KEYPAD until the letter ‘D’ appears, and then press
the RIGHT arrow key to go to the next space to the right, then UP or DOWN again until ‘O’ appears.
Repeat this until you have entered the name ‘DOCK’. If you make a mistake and select an incorrect
character, simply use the LEFT arrow key of the ARROW KEYPAD to backspace the cursor and then
UP or DOWN to correct the entry. (If you accidentally press ENTER/MARK before you are done,
simply press ENTER/MARK again and move the highlight to where you left off.)
Press ENTER/MARK after entering
the name.
5. After you have entered all the letters, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the name.
6. To access the waypoint symbol menu, highlight the waypoint symbol field which is to the left of the
waypoint’s name and press ENTER/MARK. Note: The default symbol is a dot.
7. You will see an alphabetical list of available waypoint symbols to choose from. Press the ARROW
KEYPAD UP or DOWN until you highlight the ‘Anchor’ symbol. You will see a scroll bar on the right
of the window indicating your current position on the entire list of symbols.
8. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm the ‘Anchor’ symbol.
9. Highlight ‘OK’ at the bottom of the window and press ENTER/MARK again to confirm the ‘OK’
prompt and save the waypoint. You may also press QUIT to not save the waypoint.
10
The waypoint is now stored in memory. Note that waypoints may also be created graphically from
the map display or by manually entering position coordinates. Each of these techniques is described in
the reference section of the manual and/or on your GPSMAP 168 Sounder Quick Reference Guide.
You can choose from a list of 38
useful symbols.
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Getting Started
Going to a Destination
GPS is all about marking positions as waypoints and navigating to them using the receiver’s steering
guidance and map displays. We’ve already seen how to use the ENTER/MARK key to store our present
position, so it’s time to move on to the fun part—going to a destination.
Using the NAV/MOB Key
The NAV/MOB key is the primary tool used to select a destination waypoint, TracBack, or a route
to navigate. The NAV/MOB key can be used in three primary ways:
• Pressing NAV/MOB once displays a list of options from which you can select ‘Go To Waypoint’,
‘Follow Route’, ‘Follow Track’, or ‘Stop Navigation’.
• Holding down or pressing twice on the NAV/MOB key activates the MOB (Man OverBoard) feature.
This marks the point at which the MOB was activated as a waypoint named “MOB” and also
establishes it as an active “Go To” point.
• Highlighting an on-screen waypoint or map item as a destination directly from the Map Page and
pressing NAV/MOB allows you to graphically select points to “Go To”.
For our simulated trip, you’re going to select a pre-programmed tour route using the first method.
This will also show how the MENU key is used throughout the GPSMAP 168 Sounder system to
provide tab style options and functions. Let’s start by changing the position to where the practice
route is located.
Text entry for simulator position.
To change the GPSMAP 168 Sounder position in simulator mode:
1. From the Status Page, press the MENU key. A pop-up window will appear, displaying a list of
options and functions for the Status Page.
2. Press UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Initialize Position’ option and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. From the Initialize Position Page, press the MENU key. You will see ‘Enter As Text’ highlighted,
then press ENTER/MARK.
4. On the Enter Position window, press ENTER/MARK then use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter
N34°56.800’, W076°24.066’ and press ENTER/MARK when done.
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For future practice, you may skip
steps 3 and 4 and point to a location
from the Initialize Position page.
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Getting Started
Let’s give it a try by activating the practice route stored in memory for navigation:
Simulated Tour
1. Press NAV/MOB. The options list will appear. (If we were selecting a single waypoint to navigate
to rather than a route, we could highlight the waypoint on the map, press NAV/MOB and then
press ENTER/MARK.)
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Follow Route’ option. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
3. The Select Route page will appear, with the ‘GPSMAP TOUR’ route highlighted.
4. Press ENTER/MARK then highlight ‘Activate’ and press ENTER/MARK again.
To get a better view of what’s going on, zoom in to a closer map scale:
1. Repeatedly press the IN key until you select the 3 nm scale.
Note: You may also hold the IN or OUT keys down to quickly scroll through the map scales.
The Map Page should now display five waypoints chained together in a simple route, with your boat
at the first route waypoint.
You can also Invert a route to follow
it in reverse.
A data field at the top of the page will now display the speed, distance to the second route
waypoint, and a pointer which shows you which way to go. To get started, let’s enter a speed for our
vessel, which we can do from the Main Menu Page.
To enter a boat speed:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Systm’ tab, then press RIGHT then DOWN until the field
below the word ‘Speed’ is highlighted and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a speed of 60 knots.
4. Press ENTER/MARK to finish, and QUIT until you return to the Map Page.
12
Once a speed has been entered, you’ll notice that the map will automatically begin to move slowly,
keeping your boat centered on the display. The direction of movement, also called ‘track’, will be
controlled by the simulator.
The ‘Set Position’, ‘Track Control’,
‘Track’ and ‘Speed’ fields only show
while in simulator mode.
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You’ll now have a clearer picture of the route you are navigating. Keep in mind that whenever you
do exceed the usable range of the built-in database or the optional MapSource data in use, the range
field will display ‘overzoom’ or ‘NO MAP’ to indicate that you should exercise extreme caution using the
map data. Press the IN key to zoom into the 2 nm scale. Now that you’ve zoomed in a little closer to
your route, you can pan ahead of your vessel with the cursor to review map items and create on-screen
waypoints. Try moving the cursor to highlight the ‘TOUR3’ waypoint— just use the ARROW KEYPAD
to move the cursor as close as possible to the waypoint. (To move the cursor in small increments, try
a series of short key presses.)
Once the cursor is over the TOUR3 waypoint, you’ll notice that the waypoint symbol and name will
become highlighted. The data field at the top of the page will display the waypoint name, the range and
bearing from your present position, and the coordinates for the waypoint.
Getting Started
Reviewing/Creating
Map Waypoints
To review the waypoint page for a selected waypoint:
1. Press the ENTER/MARK key.
2. To return to the Map Page, press ENTER/MARK again or press QUIT.
The waypoint will ‘highlight’ when
the cursor is moved over it.
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints right from the map display.
To create a new waypoint using the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor as close as possible to the following position:
N35º 02.151’; W 076º 26.084’ (Use the data window to verify the cursor position.)
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key to capture the cursor position.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint symbol field to the left of the waypoint
name/number.
4. Press ENTER/MARK to access the symbol list.
5. Press UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Shipwreck’ symbol and press ENTER/
MARK to confirm.
6. Highlight ‘OK’ at the bottom and ENTER/MARK again to finish.
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Waypoint numbering will start with
001 and continually count up, even if
the waypoint name has been deleted.
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Getting Started
Sonar Page
Data Fields
Adjustment
Bar
Depth
Line
Fish Arch
Bottom
Depth
Scale
Whiteline
Flasher
Thermocline
Sonar Page
The Sonar Page lets you use the GPSMAP 168 Sounder as a fishfinder. The top of the screen
contains any of 27 selectable data field options, while the middle of the page contains a right-to-left
moving sonar image of the water beneath your boat. (Note: Items appear on the screen as they pass
under your transducer. Those objects appearing on the right side of the screen are closer to you
than those on the left.) Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish icon in three different sizes.
Thermoclines (layers of water separating warmer water above from cooler water below) are shown
as shades of gray.
The area of strongest sonar return (or whiteline) is displayed as solid gray. Typically, the bottom
will be the primary source of the whiteline. A thin whiteline indicates a softer bottom while a thick
whiteline shows a harder bottom. A black line is used to show the point where water meets the
whiteline. This black line will follow the bottom contour, along with any significant objects lying on
the bottom. Along the right side of the screen is an adjustable scale which reflects the depth of the
area being displayed. If the unit does not detect a transducer attached to the unit, a “Sonar Turned
Off” message will appear across the top of the Sonar Page. More on the Sonar Page may be found
on pages 34-40.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder uses two range modes: auto and manual. Auto mode displays the
most information possible while continuously showing the bottom. Manual mode lets you select the
displayed depth. These and other Sonar Page functions are controlled from the adjustment bar.
To switch from auto to manual mode:
Current
Setting
1. With the ‘Range’ field highlighted, press the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN until the desired
depth range is displayed on the adjustment bar or shows on the depth scale in the lower right
side of the page.
2. Press ENTER/MARK or press LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD to confirm the selected
range.
To switch from manual to auto mode:
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168 Manual Part 1.indd
1. With the ‘Range’ field highlighted, press the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN until the selection
arrow points to ‘Auto’ or ‘Auto’ is displayed on the adjustment bar.
2. Press ENTER/MARK or press LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD.
Depth Range Adjustment
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Another useful feature of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder is the sonar zoom, which allows you to
instantly “zoom in” to look at a specific portion of the sounder display by using the either the IN or
OUT key. The Zoom function is divided into four display levels:
Getting Started
Sonar Page
• 2X Split––Shows two reduced-size sonar pictures at the same time. The right half of the display
screen shows the complete sonar picture at its original scale. The left half shows a portion of the
original picture at 1/2 depth scale.
• 2X Zoom––Displays the 2X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 168 Sounder screen and does
not show the original scale picture.
2X Zoom
View
Normal
View
• 4X Split––Shows two reduced pictures, with one at the original depth scale and one at 1/4 the
original depth scale.
• 4X Zoom––Displays only the 4X zoomed picture on the full GPSMAP 168 Sounder screen.
Once activated, the zoomed picture becomes the Sonar Page display. Note: The Zoom function
can be deactivated by pressing the OUT key until the ‘No Zoom’ setting appears.
Once in Zoom mode, you can control the view of the left side of the split. When the unit is set
to one of the Zoom settings, and additional optional named ‘View’ will appear on the adjustment bar.
The View function operates in either ‘Auto View’ or ‘Fixed View’. Auto View will follow the bottom
contour while Fixed View will display the selected depth.
Sonar 2X Split Screen (shown with
Depth Line and Flasher)
To access the Sonar Zoom function:
1. While viewing the Sonar Page, press IN once. The 2X split screen will appear.
Bar
represents
area shown
on 2X View
2. Continue to press IN to advance to further zoom screen levels.
3. To deactivate the Zoom function, press OUT until the original scale (No Zoom) appears.
4. Press ENTER/MARK or press LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD.
For more on the Zoom, View and other Sonar Page functions, see pages 34-40.
To learn more about how sonar works, see Appendix H.
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Sonar Zoom
Adjustment
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Getting Started
Now that we’re navigating to an actual destination, let’s move on to the GPSMAP 168 Sounder
navigation pages by pressing the PAGE key.
Compass/Highway
Navigation Pages
Data Fields
Current
Destination
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder features two different navigation pages: Compass and Highway. The
Compass Page is first. This page provides graphic steering guidance to a destination waypoint, with an
emphasis on the bearing to your destination and current direction of travel (the Highway Page places
greater emphasis on the straight-line desired course and the distance and direction you are off course).
The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your course over ground (track)
while you’re moving, and a bearing pointer that indicates the direction of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over ground. The compass ring and pointer arrow work independently to show—at
a glance—the direction of your movement and the direction to your destination. For instance, if the
arrow points up, you are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up,
turn toward the arrow until it points up—then continue in that direction.
The current speed and distance to the next waypoint as well as the time to the next waypoint are
displayed at the top of the screen. This page provides better steering guidance than the Highway Page
when travelling at slower speeds and/or when making frequent directional changes. When you are not
navigating to a waypoint, the compass will show your direction of travel as you move but the arrow will
not appear. Note: Due to Selective Availability error, it is possible for the compass to point in the wrong
direction when stationary or at very low speeds.
Compass Ring
Pointer Arrow
Let’s move on to the Highway Page by pressing the PAGE key.
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The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Highway Page also provides graphic steering guidance to a destination
waypoint. As you head toward your destination, the middle of the screen provides visual guidance to
your waypoint on a moving graphic “highway.” Your present position is at the bottom center of the
highway display. The line down the middle of the highway represents your desired course. As you
navigate toward a waypoint, the highway will actually move—indicating the direction you’re off course.
To stay on course, simply steer toward the center of the highway or “keep it on the road.” The six
default data fields at the top of the page indicate Speed, Distance To your destination (or the next
waypoint in a route), ‘To Course’ (which shows the bearing to get you back on course), the distance
you are ‘Off Course’, Time To the Next waypoint, and the compass Track you are heading. Use the
Highway Page as your primary navigation page (in lieu of the Compass Page) when your main concern
is following a defined course.
Getting Started
Highway Page
Data Fields
When the GPSMAP 168 Sounder is in simulator mode, you can also adjust your speed and course
from the Highway Page using the ARROW KEYPAD. As you head toward each waypoint in the tour
route, try adjusting your boat speed and course to get a feel for how the highway works.
Current
Waypoint
To adjust the simulated boat speed from the Highway Page:
1. Press the UP arrow of the ARROW KEYPAD to increase the speed in 10 knot/kph/mph increments.
Press the DOWN arrow to decrease the speed in the same increments.
To steer the boat:
1. Press the LEFT and RIGHT arrows of the ARROW KEYPAD.
Notice that as you get off course, the highway will move to give you graphic guidance to get
back on course. You can zoom in or out on the highway display for a smaller or larger view. Five
available settings range from 1X to 16X, with a default setting of 8X. The current scale will appear
in the bottom right of the display.
Desired Course
Zoom Scale
Present Position
To zoom in or out on the highway display:
1. Press either the IN or OUT key to increase or decrease the zoom scale.
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Getting Started
Data Fields/Active Route Page/
Main Menu Page
The main pages’ (except the Status and Active Route Pages) data fields may also be configured to
display any of 27 different information categories (see page 32 for the complete list). On the Highway
Page, let’s change the ‘TO COURSE’ field to ‘TURN’.
To change a data field:
1. Press the MENU key to display the Highway Page options.
2. Press DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Once the menu window disappears, use the ARROW KEYPAD and highlight ‘TO COURSE’, then
press ENTER/MARK.
4. On the alphabetical list of options, press the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN until you highlight
‘TURN’ and press ENTER/MARK. You will see a scroll bar on the right side of the window indicating
your current position on the entire list of options.
5. Press QUIT when done.
You may choose from 27 different
types of data.
Submenu
Tabs
Menu
Tabs
Press PAGE to see the last page appearing in the main sequence, which is the Active Route Page.
Whenever you have activated a route or TracBack, this page will show each waypoint name along with
useful data for each point. As you navigate the route, the information will automatically update to
indicate the next point along the route, which is denoted by an arrow on the left-hand side of the
screen. For more detailed information on the Active Route Page, see page 64.
As you’ve seen, the primary pages provide status, map, and navigation information. The tour’s last
page is the Main Menu Page, which allows access to the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s waypoint, route and
planning functions, various operational and navigation setup features, and celestial and tide data.
The Main Menu is available from any page, and is accessed through the MENU key.
To access the Main Menu Page:
1. Press the MENU key twice.
The Main Menu Page lists 14 menu ‘tabs’ that are divided into categories by function. You can
view a particular menu by simply highlighting the desired tab, which will then show any secondary
submenu tabs and options for that tab.
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To get a feel for how the Main Menu Page works, let’s clear out the track log you created during
the simulated tour. This will ensure that you have a clean slate once you start navigating in your
home waters.
To select the Track submenu tab:
Getting Started
Deleting Track Logs/
Powering Off Unit
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Track’ menu tab. You will see the options for the Track
tab appear to the right of the Main Menu list.
2. Press to the right one time on the ARROW KEYPAD and you will see ‘Active’ highlighted.
The Track Log Page allows you to specify whether to record a track plot, define how it is recorded
and save your current track log. It also provides both an indicator of the percentage of total memory
used and the individual options to save or clear the active track log.
Submenu Tabs
To clear the active track log:
1. Highlight the ‘Clear’ option and press ENTER/MARK. A confirmation page will appear.
2. Highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
3. Press PAGE or QUIT to return to any of the main pages.
Congratulations! You’ve now gone through the basic operation of the GARMIN GPSMAP 168
Sounder. Your new digital chartplotter is a powerful tool with many advanced features not covered in
the Getting Started tour. For detailed instructions on using these features or performing a specific task,
please refer to the Quick Reference Guide or the appropriate reference section of this manual.
To turn the GPSMAP 168 Sounder off:
Submenu Options
1. Press and hold the POWER key for about 2 seconds, until the screen is blank.
2. When the screen is blank, release the POWER key.
The next section of the manual describes the pages and functions of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder
in detail. If you are unable to locate a specific option or function, please refer to the index on pages
105-107. Thank you for choosing the GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder navigation unit. We hope it will
be a useful and fun tool for you wherever you go!
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Reference
Status Page
Status Page
Signal Strength Bars
Receiver Status
Accuracy
Sky View
DOP
DGPS
Status
Date
Time
Ready for use
Collecting data
168 Manual Part 1.indd
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Light signal strength bars— the receiver has found the satellite(s) and is collecting data.
• Dark signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite(s) are ready
for use.
Each satellite has a data transmission that must be collected (light bar status) before that satellite
may be used for navigation (dark bar status). When the receiver is looking for a particular satellite,
the corresponding signal strength bar will be blank and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted.
Once the receiver has found the satellite, a light signal strength bar will appear, indicating that the
satellite has been found. When the receiver has collected data from the satellite and locked on, the
number in the sky view will appear highlighted and the status bar will become dark.
As soon as the GPSMAP 168 Sounder has collected the necessary data from the best satellites in
view to calculate a fix, the status field will indicate a 2D or 3D status. The unit will then update the
position, date and time.
You can use the sky view to help determine if any satellites are being blocked, and whether you
have a current position fix (indicated by a ‘2D Navigation’ or ‘3D Navigation’ in the status field).
The sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative to the receiver’s last
known position. The outer circle represents the horizon (north up), the inner circle 45º above the
horizon, and the center point a position directly overhead. You can also set the sky view to a ‘Track Up’
configuration, causing the top of the sky view to align along your current track heading.
Position Coordinates
20
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder Status Page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition, receiver
status, date, time and position coordinates. The status information will give you an idea of what the
receiver is doing at any given moment. The sky view and signal strength bars give you an indication of
what satellites are visible to the receiver and whether or not they are being tracked. The signal strength
is shown on a bar graph for each satellite, with the satellite number below. As the receiver locks
onto satellites, a signal strength bar will appear for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite
number (01-32) underneath each bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
Searching for signal
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Receiver Status, Accuracy and DOP
Receiver status is indicated at the top field of the page, with the current Accuracy and Dilution Of
Precision (DOP) to the right of the sky view. DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality measured
on a scale of one to ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). Accuracy uses DOP
and other factors to calculate horizontal position accuracy in feet or meters. The status field will show
one of the following conditions:
Reference
Status Page
• Looking For Satellites— the receiver is looking for any satellites.
• AutoLocate— the receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. This
process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites— the receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites visible at its last
known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to calculate a fix.
• 2D Navigation— at least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and a 2 dimensional
position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D Differential Navigation’ will appear
when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode and a ‘D’ will show on the strength bar of
satellites being corrected.
• 3D Navigation— at least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and your position
is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D Differential Navigation’ will appear
when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode and a ‘D’ will show on the strength bar of
satellites being corrected.
• Poor GPS Coverage— the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to interference or abnormal satellite
conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
• Simulating Navigation— the receiver is in simulator mode.
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Reference
The ‘DGPS Rcvr’ and ‘Diff SNR’ fields appear below the ‘Accuracy’ and ‘DOP’ fields. The Differential
Receiver status will show one of the following:
Status Page Options
• Off— No optional beacon receiver attached or enabled in the Comm menu
• No Signal— DGPS receiver attached, but not transmitting RTCM data to GPS
• Tuning— Receiver is tuning manual frequency
• Scanning— DGPS receiver is scanning for available frequency
• Rcving— Unit is receiving DGPS corrections
• Chk Wiring— DGPS is enabled in Comm menu, but no DGPS receiver attached or bad corrections
DGPS Receiver Status
The Differential SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) indicates, on a scale to 0-30db with 30db being the
best, the strength of the DGPS signal being received. If no optional DGPS receiver is used with the
GPSMAP 168 Sounder, the ‘DGPS Rcvr’ field will display ‘Off’ and the ‘DGPS SNR’ field will be blank.
The SNR will depend upon the mounting of your DGPS receiver and the distance from the DGPS
transmitting station.
Many features of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an
options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select
special features that specifically relate to that page.
SNR Strength
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Status Page features an options menu that provides access to functions
and features relating to the Status Page.
To display the Status Page options:
1. Press MENU.
To select a menu option:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
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The following options are available on the Status Page:
• Start/Stop Simulator— allows you put the unit in simulator mode. See the Getting Started Tour for
more on using simulator mode.
Reference
Status Page Options
• Track Up/North Up— allows you to select between a north up or track up sky view display for
the Status Page only.
• Loran TD On/Off— allows you to toggle the position coordinate format between latitude/longitude
and Loran TD (Time Delays). For setup of Loran TD, see pages 80-81.
• AutoLocate— allows the receiver to locate your position automatically. This process can take up
to five minutes.
• Initialize Position— allows you to initialize the receiver graphically on the Map Page to initially help
the receiver acquire more quickly. See pages 4-5 for instructions on initialization.
• Set 2D Altitude— allows you to manually enter the altitude when in 2D Navigation or Simulator
mode only. Any altitude entered will be automatically calculated when the GPS is in 3D Navigation
mode.
Status Page Options
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Map Page
Reference
Map Page
Data Fields
Land
User
Waypoint
Map
Item
Boat Icon
Water
Navaid
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Map Page provides a comprehensive display of electronic cartography,
plotting and navigational data. When using the unit with the optional MapSource software, the map
display shows your boat on a digital chart, complete with geographic names, map items, navaids and a
host of other chart features. It also plots your track and displays any routes and waypoints you create.
An on-screen cursor lets you pan and scroll to other map areas, determine the distance and bearing to a
position, and perform various route and waypoint functions.
When the cursor is active, an additional data window will appear below the data fields to indicate
the position, range and bearing to the cursor or a selected waypoint or map item. The map scale
displays at the bottom right corner of the page.
The IN and OUT keys, combined with the ARROW KEYPAD, let you select zoom ranges and
move the cursor. Two basic map operating modes, position mode and cursor mode, determine what
cartography is shown on the map display. Position mode pans the cartography to keep the present
position marker within the display area, while cursor mode pans the cartography to keep the cursor
within the display area.
The GPSMAP system will always power up in the position mode, with your vessel centered on
the map display.
• When sufficient map coverage is not available to keep the boat centered, the boat icon will move
toward the edge of the display.
Geographic Name
Map Scale
Map Page shown using optional
MapSource data.
When the ARROW KEYPAD is pressed, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder will enter cursor mode. In
cursor mode:
• The cursor can be moved over the map display using the ARROW KEYPAD.
• Whenever the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the map will scroll forward under the cursor.
Keep in mind that the boat icon will move with the map scrolling and may go off the display
screen (you may not be able to see your present position).
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• If the boat icon attempts to go off the display, the zoom level may need to be adjusted to keep
cartography on screen.
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• When the cursor is stationary, a fixed coordinate position will appear in the position field. Note that
the distance and bearing will change as the boat’s position changes.
• Whenever you zoom in cursor mode, the cursor will be centered on the screen.
Reference
Map Page Cursor
• To return to position mode, press the QUIT key.
F
When the cursor reaches the edge of the map, the unit may pause as it loads new
map data.
Using the Cursor
The cursor allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll to other map areas around
the world (even outside of your current MapSource coverage). As you pan past the edge of the current
map display, the screen will actively scroll forward to provide continuous map coverage.
To move the cursor:
1. Press the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor in an up, down, left or right direction.
Move the cursor over an item on the
map to highlight it.
As you move the cursor, the distance and bearing from your present position to the cursor will be
displayed in the data window, along with the cursor’s position coordinates. Keep in mind that when
the cursor is stationary, the distance and bearing from your present position will change as your boat
moves. The cursor may also be used to ‘snap’ to on-screen waypoints and map items, allowing you to
review a selected position directly from the map display.
To select an on-screen waypoint or map item with the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or map item (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in closer for a better view).
2. When a waypoint or map item is selected, it will become highlighted on screen, with the name
and position displayed.
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Pressing ENTER/MARK while
highlighting a map item will bring
up additional details and options.
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To eliminate the cursor and re-center your position on-screen:
Reference
1. Press the QUIT key.
Map Page Cursor
and Zooming
The cursor may also be used to create new waypoints directly from the map.
To create a waypoint with the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired map position.
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key and the New Map Waypoint Page will appear.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm the new waypoint using the default three-digit name and symbol.
Selecting Map Scales
The map display has 24 available range scales from 120 ft. to 800 mi. (30 mt. to 1200 km).
The map scale is controlled by the IN and OUT keys, with the current scale displayed at the bottom
right of the data window.
To select a map scale:
Creating a New Map Waypoint
1. Press the OUT key to zoom out and the IN key to zoom in.
F
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s system has a built-in worldwide database to 20 mi, with more detailed
coverage available through the use of the optional MapSource software. The GPSMAP 168 Sounder will
display cartography as long as there is chart information available for the range you’ve selected. Map
coverage will conform to the following conditions:
Using Built-In Basemap
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal database or MapSource data,
cartography will be displayed.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal database and MapSource data,
cartography will be displayed using the data with the best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the data in use, overzoom cartography will
be displayed and an ‘overzoom’ warning will appear below the scale field.
Using MapSource Data
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The scale value represents the distance from one end of the scale bar to the other.
Overzoom, no additional data
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Reference
Map Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 168 Sounder are menu driven. Each of the main pages have an
options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select
special features that specifically relate to that page. The data window, located at the top of the main
pages (Except the Status Page and Active Route Page), provides a user-selectable layout of various
types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one of 27 data options. The
data window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields and change the actual size
of the data displayed.
Map Page Options
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Map Page provides access to functions and features relating to the
Map Page and the layout options.
To display the Map Page options:
1. Press MENU.
To select a menu option:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
The available options are Full Screen Map On/Full Screen Map Off, Measure Distance, Show Sonar/
Show Flasher/Hide Flasher, Resize Map, Configure Map, Setup Page Layout, and Change Data Fields.
Following are details on using each of these options.
• Full Screen Map On/Full Screen Map Off — toggles between a Map Page without or with data
fields on the map display.
Map Page Options
To maximize the map/show data fields:
1. Highlight the ‘Full Screen Map On’ option and press ENTER/MARK. The Map Page will now be
maximized with no data fields.
2. To show the data fields again, press MENU, highlight ‘Full Screen Map Off’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
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27
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Reference
• Measure Distance— allows you to measure the bearing and distance between any two points on
the map display.
Map Page Options
To measure the BRG/DIS between two points:
1. Highlight the ‘Measure Distance’ option and press ENTER/MARK. An on-screen pointer will appear
on the map display at your present position with ‘ENT REF’ below it.
Distance
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you want to measure from) and
press ENTER/MARK.
Bearing
3. Move the cursor to the point that you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from the
reference point will be displayed in the data window at the top of the display.
Map
Cursor
Full Screen Map Shown
4. Press the QUIT key to finish.
• Show Sonar/Show Flasher/Hide Flasher— toggles a split screen showing Sonar or Flasher
information on the right side of the Map Page in addition to the map. With ‘Show Sonar’ active, the
unit will act as a fishfinder showing a graphic representation of fish, water depth, thermoclines and
structure, and bottom type and shape. In ‘Show Flasher’ mode, the graphic Flasher displays structure
and bottom returns much the same as a true Flasher.
To cycle through the ‘Show Sonar/Show Flasher/Hide Flasher’ options:
1. From the Map Page press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Show Sonar’, ‘Show Flasher’, or ‘Hide Flasher’.
3. Press ENTER/MARK repeatedly to cycle through the options. You will see the Sonar or Flasher
information appear on the screen behind the menu window on the right side of the display.
4. Press QUIT when you have the desired setting to return to the Map Page.
28
• Resize Map— enables width adjustment of the Map and Sonar/Flasher split screen. This option is
only available when the unit is in ‘Show Sonar’ or ‘Show Flasher’ mode. You may adjust the size of the
Sonar/Flasher window anywhere from 1/3 to 1/2 width of the right half of the Map Page.
Map Page with Sonar information
shown
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To resize the Map Page split screen:
Reference
1. From the Map Page and Sonar/Flasher split screen, press MENU.
Map Page Options
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Resize Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move the horizontal double-arrow LEFT or RIGHT using the ARROW KEYPAD until the desired
vertical width line shows, then press ENTER/MARK.
4. If you wish to cancel this operation, press QUIT or press MENU, highlight ‘Stop Resizing’ and
press ENTER/MARK.
• Configure Map— allows you to configure the map display to your preferences, including map detail,
map orientation, automatic zoom, and various map items and points. The map configuration option
uses a ‘file tab’ feature, making it easier to organize the various settings for ease of use. The following
table lists the file tabs and the settings available under each tab:
General
Source
Points
Line
Geo
Topo
Other
Detail, Orientation, AutoZoom
Basemap, MapSource
Waypoints, Active Route, Marine Navaids
Saved Tracks, Track Log, Active Route, Lat/Lon Grid
Geo Points, Rivers/Lakes, Park Areas
Major/Medium/Minor Contours, Land Cover
Bearing Line, Color Mode, Accuracy Circle
New
Size
Current
Size
Move the double arrow left or right
to adjust the size of the Sonar or
Flasher window.
To change a map setup feature:
1. From the Map Page menu, highlight ‘Configure Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired tab, then UP or DOWN on
the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the setting you want to change and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the desired setting and press
ENTER/MARK.
Main Menu— Map Configuration Tab
4. To exit, press QUIT.
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Reference
General Tab
Detail— Most, More, Normal, Less, Least: controls how much map detail you will see. This setting
only applies to any map feature set to “Auto”. Those features which have a specified scale or turned
“Off” are unaffected by this setting.
Orientation— North Up— fixes the top of the map display to a north heading; Track Up— fixes the
top of the map display to the current track heading; Course Up— fixes the map so the direction of
navigation is always “up” and turns the navigation leg line vertical on the screen.
AutoZoom— On/Off: when “On” the map will automatically adjust the map scale to a lower scale
as you approach you destination point.
Source Tab
Basemap— On/Off: turns the built in base map on or off.
MapSource— On/Off: turns the optional MapSource data loaded in the unit on or off.
Points Tab— Waypoints, Active Route, and Marine Navaids
Text— None, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the name.
Zoom— Auto, Off, 120 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the feature should appear on
the screen. Some types of data will only show up to certain zoom scales.
Map Page Options
General Tab
Source Tab
Points Tab
Line Tab
Saved Tracks/Track Log/Active Route— Auto, Off, 120 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which
the feature should appear on the screen.
Lat/Lon Grid— Text— Medium, None; Zoom—Auto, Off, 120 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale
at which the feature should appear on the screen.
Line Tab
Geo Tab— Geo Points, Rivers/Lakes, Park Areas
Text— None, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the name.
Zoom— Auto, Off, 120 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the feature should appear on
the screen. Some types of data will only show up to certain zoom scales.
Geo Tab
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Topo Tab— Major/Medium/Minor Contours, Land Cover
Text— None, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the name.
Zoom— Auto, Off, 120 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the feature should appear on
the screen. Some types of data will only show up to certain zoom scales.
Reference
Map Page Options
Other Tab
Bearing Line— On/Off: draws an extension from the end of the boat icon in the direction of travel.
Color Mode— Water Mode, Land Mode: when in “Water Mode”, land will appear as a dark color and
water will be light. In “Land Mode”, land will appear as a light color and water will be dark.
Accuracy Circle— On/Off: toggles the circle “On” and “Off”. The circle represents the approximate
accuracy of the unit based on EPE, DOP, and basemap quality. You position will be within the
circle.
Topo Tab
Map Setup Menu Options
From the map configuration tab you can access the following menu options:
• Restore Defaults— restores settings back to factory settings for the tab highlighted.
• Restore All Map Defaults— restores settings back to factory settings for all tabs.
• MapSource Info— allows you to display/not display optional map sets loaded in the unit.
Other Tab
To restore defaults for map settings:
1. From the ‘Map’ tab in the Main Menu, highlight the tab you want to restore settings to and
press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ (highlight ‘Restore All Map Defaults’ if you want all tabs restored) and
press ENTER/MARK.
MapSource Info— shows the number of maps downloaded from the optional MapSource software
package. Each downloaded map is described by name, and may be deselected if you wish to retain the
map in memory, but not display the data on the Map Page. (When a MapSource file is selected, the
boundary for any downloaded map is shown on the Map Page as a gray shaded outline.)
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31
Map Setup Menu Options
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To display the MapSource Info Page:
Reference
1. From the ‘Map’ tab, press MENU then highlight ‘MapSource Info’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Map Page Options
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list of downloaded maps.
3. To select/deselect a map, highlight the name of the desired map. Press ENTER/MARK to select/
deselect the map. The map is selected and will be displayed on the Map Page when a “!” appears
in the box adjacent to that map. You may also press MENU and choose to ‘Show All’ or ‘Show
None’ and press ENTER/MARK.
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to change the text size and number of data fields that will be
displayed. The following options are available:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
MapSource Info Page
None— no data fields will be displayed
Small (1 Row)— Small text, 4 data fields
Small (2 Rows)— Small text, 8 data fields
Small (3 Rows)— Small text, 12 data fields
Medium (1 Row)— Medium text, 3 data fields (Default setting)
Medium (2 Rows)— Medium text, 6 data fields
Large (1 Row)— Large text, 1 data field
Huge (1 Row)— Huge text (about 1/3 of the screen), 1 data field
Huge (2 Rows)*— Huge text with a compass ribbon at the bottom of the display, 2 data fields
* This option is available only on the Compass Page.
To change the page layout:
1. From the Map Page’s menu options list, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Setup Page
Layout’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the desired setting and press
ENTER/MARK. To exit, press QUIT.
Choose the number of data fields you
wish to display.
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• Change Data Fields — allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field used
on the map display. The following options are available for Map Page data fields (and on the Highway
and Compass pages):
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• ALTITUDE – Altitude above/below MSL (Mean Sea Level)
• BEARING – Compass direction from your position to destination
• COURSE – Course over ground
• DEPTH – Depth below transducer
• DIST TO DEST – Distance to final waypoint
• DIST TO NEXT – Distance to next waypoint
• ETA AT DEST – Estimated Time of Arrival to final waypoint
• ETA AT NEXT – Estimated Time of Arrival to next waypoint
• MAX SPEED – Fastest speed the unit has traveled
• MOV AVG SPEED – Average moving speed
• MOV TRIP TIMER – Time unit has been moving for a trip
• OFF COURSE – Distance from desired track
• POINTER – Arrow points to your destination
• SPEED – Speed over ground/water
• TIME OF DAY – Current time
• TIME TO DEST – Time to final waypoint at current speed and course
• TIME TO NEXT – Time to next waypoint at current speed and course
• TO COURSE – Distance to desired track
• TRACK – Current compass heading
• TRIP ODOM – Trip Odometer
• TTL AVG SPEED – Total average speed
• TTL TRIP TIMER – Total travel time of trip, stopped and moving
• TURN – Turn angle to waypoint
• VMG – Velocity Made Good to destination
• VOLTAGE — Input voltage as measured by the unit
• WATER SPEED – Speed through the water (if equipped with optional speed transducer/sensor)
• WATER TEMP – Water temperature (if equipped with optional speed transducer/sensor)
Reference
Map Page Options
Choose the type of data you wish to
display.
To change a data field:
1. From the Map Page’s menu options list, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data
Fields’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display, and press
ENTER/MARK. To exit, press QUIT.
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Sonar Page
Reference
Sonar Page
Data Fields
Adjustment
Bar
Depth
Line
Fish Arch
Bottom
Depth
Scale
Whiteline
Flasher
Thermocline
Sonar Page
The Sonar Page is where your GPSMAP 168 Sounder becomes a powerful fishfinder/flasher. The
top of the screen contains data fields which can display any of 27 selectable data field options, while the
adjustment bar below the data fields allows direct access to the settings most commonly changed while
using the Sonar Page. These include the depth ‘Range’, ‘Zoom’ setting, ‘Gain’ (sensitivity) and ‘View’
(zoom mode only) of the unit. The middle of the page contains a right-to-left moving sonar image of
the water beneath your boat. (Note: Items appear as they pass under your transducer. Those items on
the right side of the screen are closer to you than those on the left.) Along the right side of the screen is
an adjustable scale which reflects the depth of the area being displayed.
Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish icon in three different sizes. Thermoclines are
shown as shades of gray. The area of strongest sonar return (or whiteline) is displayed as solid gray.
Typically, the bottom will be the primary whiteline. A thin whiteline indicates a soft bottom while a
thick whiteline shows a harder bottom. A black line is used to show the point where the water meets
the whiteline. This black line will follow the contour of the bottom and show any objects of reasonable
size. For more information on understanding sonar and the display, see Appendix H.
Using the Adjustment Bar
Fish
Symbols
with
Depth
34
Bar
represents
area shown
on 2X View
2X Zoom View
Normal View
(2X Split Screen Shown)
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34
The Adjustment Bar allows direct access to the settings most commonly changed while using the
unit. These include the depth ‘Range’, ‘Zoom’ setting, the ‘Gain’ (sensitivity), ‘View’ adjustment, and
‘Line’ (Depth Line) of the unit. The ‘View’ setting will only display when the Sonar Page is in split screen
mode. The ‘Line’ setting will appear only when the Depth Line is activated.
To select a setting from the Adjustment Bar:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, place the highlight (white bar) over the desired selection by pressing
RIGHT or LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD and the current setting will be displayed in the highlight.
If you wish to review the available settings before making a change, press ENTER/MARK to
activate the adjustment list. To immediately change the setting, press UP or DOWN on the ARROW
KEYPAD.
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2. With the ARROW KEYPAD, move UP or DOWN and place the pointer or adjustment bar at the
desired setting or range.
Reference
3. To change ‘View’ to ‘Auto’ or ‘Line’ to ‘Off’, hold UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD until
the adjustment bar reaches the top or bottom of the scale, release, then press once more in the
same direction.
Sonar Page
4. You may press QUIT or ENTER/MARK to accept the setting and return to the Sonar Page. You may
also press RIGHT or LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to accept the setting and move to the next
Adjustment Bar setting.
Range Adjustment
The available Adjustment Bar options are:
• Range— sets the display depth range used for viewing. The unit can be set to automatically track the
bottom or set to a user-specified depth range.
• Zoom— used to quickly select a display zoom scale or to split the display. When a scale other than
‘No Zoom’ is selected, the Adjustment Bar will display a new selection labeled View. See page 15 for a
detailed description of the available Zoom settings.
• Gain— allows the user to control the sensitivity of the unit’s receiver. This provides some flexibility
in what is seen on the display. To see more detail, increase the receiver sensitivity by selecting a higher
gain (+). If there is too much detail or if the screen is cluttered, lowering the sensitivity (-) may increase
the clarity of the display.
• View— available when a Zoom scale other than ‘No Zoom’ is selected. The ‘View’ setting is used to
change the viewing range of a zoomed display. If the display is split, only the zoomed portion on the left
side of the display will be affected by the change. See page 15 for available zoom settings.
• Line— used to control the setting of the Depth Line. See page 37 for details on adjusting the
Depth Line.
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If the unit is unable to track the bottom for any reason, the digits in the depth window
will flash on and off to alert the user that the unit is not tracking the bottom.
35
Zoom Adjustment
Gain Adjustment
OR
Manual Mode
OR
Zoom View
Adjustment
Auto Mode
Depth Line
Adjustment
(Off Selected)
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Sonar Page Options
Reference
Sonar Page Options
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Sonar Page features a menu page that provides access to additional
functions and to layout and data field options.
To display the Sonar Page options:
1. Press MENU.
To select a menu option:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
The following options are available:
• Show/Hide Pointer— allows you to reference sonar items and mark underwater waypoints. This
makes it easier to find and use an object such as a stump for a future fishing location. When using this
feature, the Sonar Page will pause. The pointer will not move off the paused display and cannot show
an area that has scrolled off the screen. The depth will continue to update while the display is paused,
but the unit will not show any new sonar data until the standard Sonar Page is resumed. You may see a
dicontinuity from where the sonar information stops to where it starts again.
Sonar Page Options Menu
To mark an underwater waypoint:
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to point to
an underwater target.
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168 Manual Part 1.indd
36
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU, highlight ‘Show Pointer’ and press ENTER/MARK to pause
the screen movement.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor onto the target (underwater drop off, stump, etc.)
you want to mark. A data field will appear with the cursor’s depth, coordinates, and bearing and
distance from your current position.
3. Press ENTER/MARK. The New Map Waypoint page will appear with the waypoint’s coordinates,
default three-digit name, and depth automatically filled in.
4. To change the name, symbol or depth, highlight the appropriate field and press ENTER/MARK.
Make your changes and press ENTER/MARK when done.
5. When done, move the field highlight back to the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK.
6. To return to the standard Sonar Page, press QUIT or press MENU, highlight ‘Hide Pointer’ and
press ENTER/MARK.
01/09/01, 10:41 AM
• Show/Hide Depth Line— adds the ‘Depth Line’ selection to the Adjustment Bar and a horizontal
depth line across the display which is used to measure the depth of underwater objects. The depth of
the line will appear in a box on the right side of the line.
Reference
Sonar Page Options
To activate/deactivate the Depth Line from the Sonar Page:
1. Press MENU to display the Sonar Page options.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Show/Hide Depth Line’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Depth
Line
To change the position of the Depth Line:
1. Highlight the ‘Depth Line’ selection on the Adjustment Bar, then press UP or DOWN on the ARROW
KEYPAD to control the position of the line on the chart. The depth is displayed in a window on
the right side of the line.
• Show/Hide Flasher— with the ‘Flasher’ active, a graphic Flasher representation will be displayed
on the far right side of the chart. This graphic Flasher displays structure and bottom returns much the
same as a true Flasher. You may find this feature particularly useful when using ‘Fish Symbols’.
Graphic
Flasher
Window
2X Zoom Split Screen
To turn the Graphic Flasher on and off:
1. From the Sonar Page menu, highlight ‘Show/Hide Flasher’ and press ENTER/MARK.
• Resize Split— enables width adjustment of the Sonar split screen. This option is only available when
a zoom scale other than ‘No Zoom’ is selected. You may adjust the size of the split window anywhere
from 1/4 to 3/4 width from the right half of the Sonar Page.
To resize the Map Page split screen:
1. From the Map Page and Sonar/Flasher split screen, press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Resize Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move the horizontal double-arrow LEFT or RIGHT using the ARROW KEYPAD until the desired
vertical width line shows, then press ENTER/MARK.
4. If you wish to cancel this operation, press QUIT or press MENU, highlight ‘Stop Resizing’ and
press ENTER/MARK.
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37
You may resize the split line to the
left or right anywhere within the
shaded reigon.
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• Configure Sonar— contains the unit settings that should not require frequent change. The Sonar
setup menu contains settings for Fish Symbols, Whiteline, Scroll Speed, Scale, Noise Reject, Keel Offset,
Water Type, Remember, and Calibration.
To enter the Sonar setup menu, press the MENU key from the Sonar Page, highlight ‘Configure
Sonar’ and press ENTER/MARK. You may also press MENU twice from any screen, then highlight the
‘Sonar’ tab using the ARROW KEYPAD. Press the RIGHT arrow to access the selection fields. Each
time the Setup Menu is accessed, the unit will return to the last edited selection field.
Reference
Sonar Tab Options
To change a setting on the Sonar tab:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired field and press ENTER/MARK and the available
options will appear.
2. Highlight the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Press QUIT to return to the Sonar Page or previous page.
Sonar Menu Tab Options
Fish Symbols Off— All available information
will be displayed.
Suspended targets will display as fish symbols.
Background information will be displayed.
Same as above with the target depth attached.
Suspended targets display as fish symbols. No
background information will be displayed.
Same as above with taget depth attached.
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168 Manual Part 1.indd
The available Sonar tab options are:
• Fish Symbols— allows the user to determine how the chart will display underwater targets
and background information. If Fish Symbols are set to ‘Off’, the unit will display all of the
available information about the underwater environment. If a fish symbol is selected, the chart
will display only the information related to that symbol.
• Whiteline— controls how the unit displays information about the bottom type (hard or soft).
With the Whiteline ‘Off’, the bottom return will display as black and contain no information on
bottom hardness. With Whiteline ‘On’, the bottom return will become grayscaled and can be
used to determine bottom hardness. See page 34 for more detail on this feature.
• Scroll Speed— adjusts the speed that the chart scrolls from right to left. If you are sitting
still or the chart is moving too fast, slowing the scroll rate can be beneficial. Options are ‘Fast’,
‘Medium’, ‘Slow’ or ‘Pause’.
38
If you are using the GPSMAP 168 Sounder on the portable case battery power, slowing
the scroll rate will help to conserve your battery.
01/09/01, 10:41 AM
• Scale— controls the depth ‘Scale’ displayed vertically along the right side of the chart. The
depth ‘Scale’ can be configured to display four different ways: as an ‘Overlay’, in the ‘Corners’,
with ‘Basic’ or ‘No Scale’.
• Noise Reject— helps filter unwanted noise from the chart. The ‘Noise Reject’ tool can be
turned ‘Off’, set to ‘Auto’ (automatically adjusts for optimum viewing) or to a fixed ‘Low’,
‘Medium’ or ‘High’ setting.
F
When setting the Noise Reject tool: the HIGHER the noise rejection setting, the unit is
more likely to NOT show fish or structure.
• Keel Offset— allows the user to offset the surface reading for the depth of a keel. This makes
it possible to measure depth from the bottom of your keel instead of from the transducer’s
location. Enter a positive number to offset for a keel. It is also possible to enter a negative
number to compensate for a large vessel that may draw several feet of water. The ‘Keel Offset’
will be reflected in the depth reading.
• Water Type— since sound waves travel through ‘Fresh’ and ‘Salt’ water at different rates it is
necessary to select the ‘Water Type’ to ensure accurate readings on the unit.
Reference
Sonar Tab Options
Transducer at Surface
Enter (+) positive
number to show depth
from bottom of keel
Transducer at Bottom of Keel
Enter (-) negative number to show
depth from surface
• Remember— the unit can be set to remember ‘All’ of the Sonar settings including the
Adjustment Bar (even after it has been powered off and back on), or just the ‘Setup Only’
items on the Sonar tab.
• Calibrate Water Speed— this is only available if you are using a speed-capable transducer.
Calibration is required to ensure that the Water Speed displayed on your unit will be accurate.
The unit will automatically use the GPS ground speed, if it is available, for comparison on
the calibration. If a GPS ground speed is not available, use either your boat’s speedometer
reading (not always accurate) or a stopwatch to determine your speed over a certain distance
(distance / time = speed). It is recommended that the calibration take place in water having
little or no current.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
39
Calibrating the Speed Sensor
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To calibrate the water speed:
Reference
1. From the ‘Sonar’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Calibrate Water Speed’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
Sonar Tab Options
2. Bring the boat to a cruising speed. Both the top ground and uncalibrated water speeds will be
shown at the bottom of the calibration window. Note your top speed, then stop the boat and
press ENTER/MARK.
3. By default, the top ground speed will automatically show in the ‘What was your top water speed?’
field. If a ground speed is not available, the top uncalibrated water speed will be used instead. If
the new speed is correct, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK. If you wish to manually enter a
calibration, press ENTER/MARK on the speed field, enter a new speed and press ENTER/MARK.
4. You may also press MENU from the calibration screen and choose ‘Use Top Ground Speed’ to
default back to ground speed or ‘Use No Calibration’ to use the speed sensor’s uncalibrated speed.
If a ground speed is not available, the
unit will use the uncalibrated water
speed.
I
If the boat is not moving fast enough or the speed sensor is not outputting a speed, you
will see a “Boat Is Not Moving Fast Enough To Calibrate” message at the bottom of the
display. Check that the speed sensor wheel is moving or safely increase boat speed.
I
If there is a problem with the speed sensor/unit or if a speed senor is not installed, a
‘Water Speed Sensor Is Not Working’ message will appear at the bottom of the display.
Check connections of speed sensor cables.
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to change the text size and number of data fields that will be
displayed.
40
• Change Data Fields— allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field used
on the map display.
An error message will appear if the
speed sensor is not working or not
installed.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
For detailed instructions on changing the data fields and layout of the Sonar Page, see pages 32-33.
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Compass Page
Reference
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder features two different navigation pages: Compass and Highway. When
a NAV/MOB, Follow Track (TracBack) or Follow Route has been activated, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s
Compass Page will guide you to your destination with digital readouts and a graphic compass display,
which includes a bearing pointer. Use this page (instead of the Highway Page) when travelling at slower
speeds, when making frequent directional changes, or when straight-line navigation is not possible due
to obstructions or terrain. The middle of the page features a rotating ‘compass ring’ that shows your
course over ground (track) while you’re moving. Your present course over ground is indicated at the
top of the compass ring. A bearing pointer, in the middle of the compass ring, indicates the direction
of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over ground. The compass ring and pointer arrow
work independently to show—at a glance—the direction of your movement and the direction to your
destination. For instance, if the arrow points up, you are going directly to the waypoint. If the arrow
points any direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it points up, then continue in that
direction.
I
Compass Page
Data Fields
Current
Go To
Compass
Ring
Due to Selective Availability Error, the bearing pointer and/or compass ring may point
in various directions when you are stationary or at very low speeds. Once you start
moving, the pointer will be correct.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Compass Page features a menu page that provides access to layout and
data field options. The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable layout of
various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one of 27 data options.
The data window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields and change the actual
size of the data displayed.
Bearing
Pointer
Huge (2 Rows) Option
Current
Go To
Bearing
Line
To display the Compass Page options:
1. Press MENU.
Compass
Ribbon
To select a menu option:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK. For detailed
instructions on changing the data fields and layout of the Compass Page, see pages 32-33.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
41
When using the ‘Huge (2 Rows)’
option, steer until the bearing line is
aligned with the course arrow.
Course
Arrow
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Highway Page
Reference
When a NAV/MOB, TracBack or route has been activated, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Highway
Page will provide digital and graphic steering guidance to the destination. The top half of the Highway
Page features user-selectable data fields that display useful navigation data. The middle section of the
screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a graphic highway display. The line down the center
of the highway represents your desired track line.
Highway Page
Data Fields
Route
Points
Current
Go To
Zoom
Scale
Desired Track Line
Current Position
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective moves to indicate your progress to
the waypoint and which direction you should steer to stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the
Highway Page shows each route waypoint in sequence connected by a black “road” with a white line
down the middle, which is your desired track line. Nearby waypoints not in the active route can also
be displayed. The highway perspective scale may also be zoomed in or out to display a larger or smaller
view of the highway. Five settings are available from 1X to 16X, with a default setting of 8X.
To change the highway perspective scale:
1. Press the IN or OUT key to select the desired setting.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Highway options page allows you to define the data fields and select
which waypoints are displayed on screen. The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a
user-selectable layout of various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any
one of 27 data options. The data window layout may also be changed to display additional data fields
and change the actual size of the data displayed.
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Highway Page features a menu options page that provides access to
functions and features relating to the Highway Page and the layout options.
To display the Highway Page options:
42
1. Press MENU.
You can configure the page to show
the active point only and also zoom
out to get a better view.
168 Manual Part 1.indd
To select a menu option:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
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Reference
The following options are available from the Highway Page menu:
• Show/Hide Tracks— toggles the display of track lines on/off.
Highway Page Options
• Configure Highway— allows you to select what waypoints are shown on the Highway display.
Four options are available:
• Rte & Nearest— all route and nearest waypoints displayed.
• Route Only— only waypoints in the route will be displayed.
• Active Only— only the active waypoint will be displayed.
• Hide All— no waypoints will be displayed.
Highway Page Options Menu
To configure the highway display:
1. From the options menu, highlight ‘Configure Highway’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight the desired option and press ENTER/MARK.
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to change the text size and number of data fields that will be
displayed.
Route
Name
• Change Data Fields— allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field used
on the map display.
For detailed instructions on changing the data fields and layout of the Highway Page, see pages
32-33.
Active Route Page
Route
Points
Selectable
Data Field
When you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 168 Sounder system, the Active Route Page will
show each waypoint of the active route, along with various, user-selectable types of data. For additional
details on the Active Route Page, see page 64.
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Creating and Using Waypoints
Reference
Creating Waypoints
The GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder stores up to 500 alphanumeric waypoints with a user-defined
icon and depth available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be created using three basic methods:
• ENTER/MARK key– used primarily for marking your present position, the ENTER/MARK key also
provides options that allow you to select a map position or map item from the map display.
• Graphically– allows you to define a new waypoint position from the map display using the ARROW
KEYPAD.
• Text Entry– allows you to enter a new waypoint’s position coordinates manually (from a chart, etc.).
ENTER/MARK Key
The GARMIN GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s ENTER/MARK key lets you quickly capture your present
position— or cursor or map item position— in order to create a new waypoint. You must have a
valid position (2D or 3D) fix to mark your present position. This can be determined by looking at
the Status Page. When you move the cursor over a map item, you will see a highlighted description
of that item.
Press ENTER/MARK to use the
default name and symbol.
To mark your present position:
1. Press and hold the ENTER/MARK key until the ‘New Waypoint’ window appears then release it.
You will see a default three-digit name and symbol for the new waypoint.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name and symbol, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the
highlighted ‘OK’ prompt.
3. To enter a different name, highlight the name field and press the ENTER/MARK key, then use the
ARROW KEYPAD to enter the new letter/numbers and press ENTER/MARK when done. Note: You
may use up to 10 alphanumeric characters for the name.
44
4. To enter a different symbol, highlight the symbol field to the left of the name and press the
ENTER/MARK key, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the new symbol and press
ENTER/MARK.
Highlight a field and press ENTER/
MARK to enter a new symbol, name
or depth.
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5. To enter an optional depth, highlight the ‘Depth’ field to the right of the position coordinates
and press the ENTER/MARK key, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a value and press
ENTER/MARK.
6. When done, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to
save the waypoint into memory.
Reference
Creating Waypoints
Creating Waypoints Graphically
Waypoints may also be quickly created from the map display, which allows you to ‘point and shoot’
at any map position to create a new waypoint. To mark a map item, select the desired map item with
the cursor. The GPSMAP 168 Sounder will use the map item text shown on the cartography as the
default name. When selecting a map item, the option ‘Create Waypoint’ will appear, in addition to a
description of that point and its distance and bearing from your current position.
To create a new waypoint graphically:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired map position. If you want to create the
new waypoint from an on-screen map item, highlight the map item on the map display.
Map waypoint from non-map item.
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key. If you are not using a map item to create a waypoint, go to step 4.
3. Highlight ‘Create Waypoint’ or ‘OK’ and press the ENTER/MARK key.
4. To accept the waypoint with the default name and symbol, press ENTER/MARK. If you are creating
a waypoint from an on-screen map item, the name and symbol will automatically reflect the
selected map item’s name and symbol.
5. To change the name, symbol or depth, highlight the appropriate field and press ENTER/MARK.
Make your changes and press ENTER/MARK when done.
6. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘OK’ prompt and
press ENTER/MARK.
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168 Manual Part 2.indd
You may also create an underwater waypoint graphically from the Sonar Page. See
page 36 for instructions.
45
Choose ‘Create Waypoint’ to use a
map item for a new waypoint.
45
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Reference
Creating Waypoints By Text Entry
Waypoints may also be created by manually entering a position’s coordinates through the ‘Waypt’
tab on the Main Menu Page.
Creating and Editing
Waypoints
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu Page.
Submenu
Tabs
Options
Menu
2. Highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab option and press MENU. Highlight ‘New Waypoint’ on the options
window and press ENTER/MARK. The New Waypoint Page will appear, with the next available
waypoint number and the receiver’s last known position as the default name and position.
3. If you want to change the waypoint name, symbol or enter a depth, highlight the desired field and
press ENTER/MARK. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the new waypoint name, icon, position,
or depth. Press ENTER/MARK after the last character in each section.
4. When you have finished entering all your waypoint data, highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press
ENTER/MARK.
Waypoint List Status
Reviewing and Editing Waypoints
Symbol
Name
Coordinates
Depth
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be modified, reviewed, renamed, moved or
deleted at any time through the Waypoint Edit Page. The Waypoint Edit Page is available for any stored
waypoint by highlighting the desired waypoint from the map display or selecting it from the waypoint
lists under the ‘Waypt’ tab in the Main Menu and pressing the ENTER/MARK key once.
To access the Waypoint Edit Page:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint on the map display. You may also
press MENU twice, highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab, and then highlight a waypoint from the ‘By Name’,
‘Nearest’, or ‘Proximity’ waypoint lists.
2. Press ENTER/MARK to display the Waypoint Edit Page.
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New Waypoint Page
46
01/09/01, 9:42 AM
From the Waypoint Edit Page, you may change the name, symbol, position coordinates, or depth
for the selected waypoint. Once the changes have been made, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK
to save them.
Reference
Editing Waypoints
To change the waypoint name:
1. Highlight the waypoint name field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a new name and press ENTER/MARK when done.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field to the left of the waypoint name and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired symbol and press ENTER/MARK when done.
To change the position coordinates:
1. Highlight the position coordinate field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to edit the coordinates. To drop to the next line, press to the right
on the ARROW KEYPAD.
3. Press ENTER/MARK when done.
To move the waypoint on the map:
1. From the Waypoint Edit Page, press MENU, highlight ‘Move Waypoint on Map’ and press ENTER/
MARK. A ‘MOVE’ label will now appear under the cursor arrow in addition to a distance, bearing,
and coordinate window. You may also use the IN and OUT keys to zoom the map. The map scale
will appear in the lower right corner.
Point to a new location and press
ENTER/MARK to move the waypoint.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to point to the new position and press ENTER/MARK. If you wish to
stop the move process, press QUIT or press MENU, then highlight ‘Stop Moving Waypoint’ and
press ENTER/MARK.
3. When done, highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
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Reference
Waypoint Submenus
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Main Menu Page features three waypoint submenu tabs, ‘By Name’,
‘Nearest’, and ‘Proximity’, that let you manage a large number of waypoints quickly and efficiently. The
submenu tabs also provide a continuously updated nearest waypoints list and a proximity waypoint
alarm function that can be used to define an alarm circle around submerged hazards, shallow waters,
etc.
Waypoint Options
To access the Main Menu Page/Waypoint (Waypt) submenus:
1. Press MENU twice, then highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab using the ARROW KEYPAD, then highlight
the desired submenu tab.
Submenu Tabs
By Name Waypoint List
The first waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘By Name’ list, which displays
a master list of all waypoints currently stored in memory. From the ‘By Name’ list, you may review,
edit, rename or delete individual waypoints, or delete all user waypoints. The total number of stored
and available waypoints is displayed at the bottom of the ‘By Name’ tab, with the stored waypoints
arranged in numerical/alphabetical order.
Options
Menu
The following options are available from the ‘By Name’ submenu of the ‘Waypt’ tab:
• New Waypoint— creates a new waypoint.
• Delete Waypoint— deletes selected waypoint from list AND any route in which it was used.
Waypoint List Status
• Delete by Symbol— deletes all waypoints that use the same symbol.
• Delete All— deletes all waypoints from the unit.
F
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48
Once a waypoint is deleted from the list, it cannot be recovered from the unit. It is
advisable to backup important waypoints to a computer using an optional PC cable and
interface software or record them manually.
01/09/01, 9:42 AM
To display the waypoint menu options:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘By Name’ tab and press the MENU key.
To scroll through and review the waypoint list:
Reference
Waypoint Options
1. With the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Waypt’ tab from the Main Menu Page and then highlight
‘By Name’.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list in the desired direction.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to review the highlighted waypoint on the Waypoint Edit Page.
Name
Field
4. Press ENTER/MARK to return to the list.
(To create a new waypoint using the waypoint menu, see page 46.)
To delete an individual waypoint from the list:
Waypoint
List
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Delete Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK. You may also highlight the waypoint, press
ENTER/MARK, then highlight ‘Delete’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm the deletion warning.
To delete waypoints by symbol:
1. From the ‘By Name’ tab, highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press the MENU key, then select
‘Delete By Symbol’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the symbol of the waypoint(s) to be deleted and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm. You may also choose ‘Cancel’ or press QUIT to stop the deletion.
To delete all waypoints or the entire waypoint list:
You can also search for a waypoint by name:
1. Highlight the name field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the first letter of the
name.
3. Move to the RIGHT and enter the second letter if you do
not see it on the list below.
4. Repeat this until the name appears. Press ENTER/MARK
when you see the name.
5. Highlight the name on the list and press ENTER/MARK
again to review the waypoint.
1. Press the MENU key to select the options window.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Delete All’ and then press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
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Nearest Waypoint List
Reference
The second waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘Nearest’ list, which shows
the ten nearest waypoints that are within 100 miles of your present position. The nearest waypoints
are continuously updated to your present position, and provide quick access to the closest points of
safety in emergency situations.
To scroll through and review the nearest waypoint list:
Nearest/Proximity
Waypoint Lists
1. Highlight the ‘Nearest’ tab, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list in either
direction.
2. Press ENTER/MARK to review the highlighted waypoint.
3. To return to the waypoint list, highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK.
4. The field highlight will automatically scroll to the next waypoint. If you want to review each
waypoint, you can scroll through any waypoint list by pressing the ENTER/MARK key repeatedly.
To select a nearest waypoint as a NAV/MOB destination:
Nearest Waypoint List
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD key to select the desired waypoint.
2. Press NAV/MOB, followed by ENTER/MARK.
Proximity Waypoint List
The third waypoint submenu list available from the ‘Waypt’ tab is the ‘Proximity’ list, which lets
you define an alarm circle around a stored waypoint position, and can be used to help you avoid reefs,
rocks or restricted waters. Up to ten waypoints may be listed, with a maximum alarm radius of 99.99
nautical or statute miles or kilometers. If a proximity alarm circle overlaps with an existing alarm circle,
a ‘Proximity Overlaps Another Proximity Waypoint’ message will appear each time the unit is turned
on. If you enter an alarm circle overlap, you will only be alerted to the closest proximity waypoint.
Proximity Waypoint List
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The following options are available from the ‘Proximity’ submenu of the ‘Waypt’ tab:
• Add Waypoint— adds a waypoint to the proximity list from the waypoint list.
• Clear Alarm— removes selected waypoint from proximity list.
Reference
Proximity Waypoints
• Clear All— removes all waypoints from proximity list.
To display the waypoint menu options:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Proximity’ tab and press the MENU key.
To add a proximity waypoint:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Add Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK. The ‘Select
Waypoint’ screen appears.
2. To select a waypoint from the lists, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint
from the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ waypoint lists.
To select a waypoint from the map, highlight either the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab and press
MENU. With ‘Select From Map’ highlighted, press ENTER/MARK. Use the zoom IN and OUT
buttons and the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight a waypoint.
Proximity Tab Options Menu
3. Press ENTER/MARK to confirm. The distance field will now be highlighted.
4. Press ENTER/MARK to begin entry of the proximity radius.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a distance value (to 99.99 units) and press ENTER/MARK.
Select Waypoint Screen
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Reference
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field below ‘Proximity Alarm’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
Proximity Alarms
2. Select the desired ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’ setting and press ENTER/MARK.
Proximity Circle
Proximity Waypoint
To clear one or all proximity waypoint(s) from the list:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the proximity waypoint to clear and then press the MENU
key.
2. To clear a single alarm, highlight the ‘Clear Alarm’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
3. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear All’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘OK’ prompt and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
Going to a Destination
Using the NAV/MOB key, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder provides four ways to navigate to a destination: Go To Waypoint, Follow Track (TracBack), MOB (Man OverBoard), and Follow Route navigation.
Once you are actively navigating, you will see a straight line that always runs from your current location
to the destination. The easiest method for selecting a destination is the ‘Go To’ function, which lets
you select a destination waypoint and quickly sets a direct course from your present position. If you
have a waypoint highlighted on a list or the map, ‘Go To <waypoint name>’ will appear in addition
to ‘Go To Waypoint’. The ‘Go To’ function can be accessed from a list of waypoints or graphically
from the map display.
A dashed circle will appear showing
the alert boundary for the proximity
waypoints.
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To activate a ‘Go To’ from the waypoint list:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Go To Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Reference
Going to a Destination
3. To select a waypoint from the waypoint lists, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight either the ‘By
Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab, select a waypoint and press ENTER/MARK.
To select a waypoint from the map, highlight either the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab and press
MENU. With ‘Select From Map’ highlighted, press ENTER/MARK. Use the zoom IN and OUT
buttons and the ARROW KEYPAD to select a waypoint, then press ENTER/MARK.
Selecting a ‘Go To’ Graphically
A graphical ‘Go To’ may be used to select one of three items from the map display: an existing
waypoint, an on-screen map item (roads, rivers, cities, navaids, etc.), or a new map point (non-map
item). If you are selecting a map item as the ‘Go To’ destination, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder will
automatically use the name of the map item, but the point will not be stored in the waypoint list. See
page 45 for creating waypoints using map items. If you are selecting a new map point (non-map item)
as the ‘Go To’ destination, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder will automatically create or move a waypoint
named ‘MAP’ at the cursor position.
Choose a waypoint from either the
‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab list.
To activate an existing waypoint or map item as a ‘Go To’ from the map display:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint or map item on screen and press NAV/MOB.
2. You will see ‘Go To <waypoint name>’, then press ENTER/MARK. You may also highlight the
waypoint or map item, press ENTER/MARK, highlight ‘Go To’ from options at the bottom of the
window and press ENTER/MARK.
To activate a new map point (non-map item) as a ‘Go To’ from the map display:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the arrow cursor to the desired position.
2. Press NAV/MOB, you will see ‘Go To MAP Point’ highlighted, then press ENTER/MARK.
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The waypoint or map item name
will automatically appear when highlighted and NAV/MOB is pressed.
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Reference
TracBack Navigation (Follow Track)
TracBack Navigation
The second method of navigating to a destination is by using the TracBack feature. The TracBack
function allows you to retrace your path using the track log automatically stored in the receiver’s
memory, which will eliminate the need to store waypoints along the way. TracBack routes are created
by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30 turns and activating an inverted route along those
points. Once activated, a TracBack route will lead you back to the oldest stored track log point, so it’s a
good idea to clear the existing track log at the start of your current trip before you get started.
To clear the track log and define a starting point for a TracBack route:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Track’ tab, then highlight the ‘Active’ tab to the right.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Clear’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
‘Go To MAP Point’ allows you to
navigate to a spot on the map which
is not a waypoint or map item.
4. Highlight the ‘OK’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
You must first save the track log before you can use the ‘Follow Track’ feature. The Save feature
allows you to store a track log from certain times and dates.
To save a track log:
1. From the Main Menu, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Track’ tab, then highlight the
‘Active’ tab to the right.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Save’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
3. From the ‘Save Back Through’ window, highlight the desired time, date, or ‘Entire Log’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
4. Next, the track will begin saving and then display the ‘Saved Track’ window when done. The default
name, distance and number of points will be displayed. Highlight ‘OK’ and press ENTER/MARK
to save the track.
54
Highlight ‘Save’ and press ENTER/
MARK to save an active track log.
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Reference
To activate a TracBack using the NAV/MOB key:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, then highlight the ‘Follow Track’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
TracBack Navigation
2. Highlight the track you wish to follow and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose either ‘Original’, which will navigate you from the end to the start of your trip, or ‘Reverse’,
which will navigate you from the start to the end of your trip and press ENTER/MARK.
Once a TracBack has been activated, the GPSMAP 168 Sounder will take the track log currently
stored in memory and divide it into segments called ‘legs’. Up to 30 temporary ‘turns’ will be created
to mark the most significant features of the track log in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as
possible. To get the most out of the TracBack feature, remember the following tips:
Default
Track
name
Total
number
of points
Total
Distance
Additional
options
• Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go back to (dock, etc.).
• The ‘Record Mode’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’.
• There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack route.
• If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not follow your exact path (keep the
interval set to ‘resolution’ for best performance).
Check this box to display track
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack will draw a
straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If your track log’s changes in distance and direction are too complex, 30 waypoints may not mark
your path accurately. The receiver then assigns the 30 waypoints to the most significant points of
your track, and simplifies segments with fewer changes in direction.
To stop TracBack navigation:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
For more information on setting up the Track options and saved tracks, see pages 66-67.
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You must first save a track before
using the ‘Follow Track’ option.
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Reference
MOB
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Man OverBoard function (MOB) lets you simultaneously mark and set
a course to a position for quick response to emergency situations.
MOB:
Man OverBoard
To activate the MOB function:
1. Press and hold the NAV/MOB key or press the NAV/MOB key twice.
2. Press the ENTER/MARK key to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB position.
Once a MOB has been activated, a ‘MOB’ waypoint with a diver down symbol will be created and
the unit will be on an active navigation to that point. Use any of the navigation pages to guide you
back to the MOB point. The MOB waypoint will be stored in the waypoint list and may be deleted
like any other waypoint.
To stop navigation to the MOB position:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
The MOB function allows you to
quickly activate a navigation back to
a location.
56
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
Highlight ‘Yes’ and press ENTER/
MARK to stop navigation.
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Reference
Routes
The last way to navigate to a destination is to create a user-defined route. The GARMIN GPSMAP
168 Sounder system lets you create and store up to 20 reversible routes (numbered 1-20), with up to
30 waypoints each. Routes can be created and modified in two ways. The first way is to ‘Edit as Text’
from the Route Review Page, allowing you to see a list of the waypoints as you create, review, or modify
the route. The second way is from the ‘Edit on Map’ from the Route Edit Map Page, allowing you to
see each route graphically on-screen as you create, review, or modify the route. All of the GPSMAP 168
Sounder’s route functions are accessed through the Main Menu Page or the NAV/MOB key.
Creating Routes
To create a route using text from the Route Review Page:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Route’ tab and press the MENU key to display the
route options menu.
3. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
Route Tab and Route Options Menu
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the first field under the word ‘Waypoint’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
5. From either the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab lists, choose the waypoint you want and press
ENTER/MARK. The next field down on the list will automatically highlight.
6. Keep using the methods on steps 4 and 5 until the desired route points have been entered. Press
QUIT to return to the Route List Page.
F
Note: To use map items as route points, you will need to either already have them saved
as a waypoint or create the route graphically on the Route Edit Map Page.
Choose a waypoint from either the
‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab list.
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Reference
To create a route graphically from the Route Edit map page:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page.
Creating Routes
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Route’ tab and press the MENU key to display the
route options menu.
3. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
4. Press MENU, highlight ‘Create on Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
5. To add an existing waypoint or map item to the route, use the arrow cursor to highlight the desired
waypoint or map item on screen and press ENTER/MARK.
6. To add a new waypoint to the route, use the arrow cursor to select the desired map position
and press ENTER/MARK. Press ENTER/MARK again to confirm the new waypoint. You may also
change the name and symbol of the new waypoint (see page 47).
You will see ‘INS’ below the cursor as
you add points.
As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the map display will
show the waypoint/map item name, bearing and distance from your location, and coordinates of the
cursor. The bottom of the display will show you the number of available and used points. A route line
will appear on the map to indicate each completed leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the
distance and bearing to the arrow cursor from the last route waypoint.
7. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until you have finished defining all route waypoints.
8. When finished press MENU, highlight either ‘Edit as Text’ to return to the Route Review Page, or
‘Stop Editing Route’ (or press QUIT) to return to the Route List Page, and press ENTER/MARK.
58
To stop editing, press MENU and
choose one of the above options.
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Route List Page
Reference
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder Route List Page displays all the routes currently stored in memory,
along with a descriptive name for each route. Once a route has been created, it can be activated and
used for navigation with the NAV/MOB key. A route may be followed in the same sequence as it
was originally created, or you can invert the route and navigate from the end waypoint back to the
beginning waypoint. From the Route list menu, you may choose ‘New Route’ (pg 57), ‘Copy’, ‘Delete
Route’, or ‘Delete All’.
Route List Page
To activate a route with the NAV/MOB key:
1. From any page, press the NAV/MOB key, then using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Follow
Route’ and press ENTER/MARK. (If you highlight a route from the Route List or Route Review Page
and press NAV/MOB, the window will automatically display, ‘Follow <the route name>’.)
2. Highlight the route you wish to navigate and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose ‘Activate’ or ‘Invert and Activate’ and press ENTER/MARK. (‘Activate’ will use the route as
is, ‘Invert and Activate’ will reverse the route then activate it.)
To deactivate (stop navigation) of a route:
1. Press the NAV/MOB key, highlight ‘Stop Navigation’ and press ENTER/MARK.
If you highlight a route name from
the Route List and press NAV/MOB,
the name will automatically appear.
2. Choose either ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER/MARK to confirm.
To copy or delete a route:
1. From the Route List, using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the route you want to copy or delete
and press MENU.
2. Choose either ‘Copy’ or ‘Delete Route’ and press ENTER/MARK and with ‘OK’ highlighted, press
ENTER/MARK again to confirm a deletion.
To delete all routes:
1. From the Route List, press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press ENTER/MARK and with ‘OK’ highlighted, press ENTER/MARK
again to confirm the deletion.
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Route List Menu
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Route Review Page
Reference
Once you have created a route, the Route Review Page allows you to review and modify the
route displayed.
Route Review Page
To get to the Route Review Page:
1. Press MENU twice to display the Main Menu, then highlight the ‘Route’ tab.
Route
Name
2. Highlight the name of the route you wish to review and press ENTER/MARK.
Data
Fields
Route
Points
The Route Review Page also allows you to enter your own 15-character name for any listed route.
By default the name includes the first and last waypoints in the route.
To enter a custom route name:
1. From the Route Review Page, highlight the name field and press ENTER/MARK to begin editing.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired name and press ENTER/MARK when finished.
Once you are on the Route Review Page, you may review the route points (waypoints or map
items) one at a time from the list:
Data Totals
To review individual route points:
1. Highlight the desired point and press ENTER/MARK.
2. On the ‘Waypoint Review’ window, you may choose ‘OK’ (highlight the next point on the route list),
‘Go To’ (activate a direct navigation to that point) or ‘Delete’ (permanently delete the waypoint from
the unit) and press ENTER/MARK.
If the route point is a map item, you may choose ‘Create Waypoint’ to turn it into a permanent
waypoint. Once you are back on the route point list, the next point in the route will automatically
be highlighted. This allows you to review each point on the route by pressing only ENTER/MARK
repeatedly.
Route Review Menu Options
Menu options available from the Route Review Page are Edit on Map, Insert/Add Waypoint,
Remove Waypoint, Invert, Plan Route, and Delete Route.
Route Review Options Menu
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Edit on Map— this option allows you to review and modify the route displayed through a pop-up
window menu for each point (waypoint or map item) on a map page. You may also use the cursor to
insert a new route point on a route leg and review the waypoint or map item.
To edit the route on the map:
Reference
Editing Routes
1. From the Route Review Page, highlight ‘Edit Route on Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
To edit a route point:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired route waypoint and press ENTER/MARK.
A pop-up menu of editing choices will appear, with options for reviewing, removing, moving,
centering the map on the next point or adding turns to the beginning or end of the route.
To review a route point:
1. Highlight the ‘Review’ option and press ENTER/MARK. Press ENTER/MARK again when done.
To remove a route point:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
To move a route point:
Choose ‘Review’ to display the point
details.
1. Highlight the ‘Move’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press ENTER/MARK.
To center the map on the next route point:
1. Highlight the ‘Next’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
To add turns at the beginning or end of the route:
1. Select the first (to add waypoints to the beginning of the route) or last (to add waypoints to the end
of the route) route waypoint with the map cursor, and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight the ‘Add Turns’ option and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Move the cursor to the new point or position and press ENTER/MARK.
4. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the new waypoint.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to insert additional waypoints, or press QUIT to finish.
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Choose ‘Next’ to center the map on
the next point in the route.
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The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Route Edit mode also allows you to insert a new route waypoint in
any route leg using the map cursor.
Reference
To insert a new point between two existing route waypoints:
Editing Routes
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the leg you want to insert the new waypoint in (the route line
will highlight and change to a dotted line when the leg is selected) and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position, existing waypoint, or map item (You will see ’INS’ below
the arrow and the route lines will move with the arrow.) and press ENTER/MARK.
3. If you are not inserting an existing point, press ENTER/MARK to confirm the new waypoint.
Insert/Add Waypoint— Allow you to insert a waypoint into the list of route points or add a point(s)
onto the end of the route.
To insert a point into the route or add a point to the end:
1. From either the Route Review or Active Route Pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
point you wish to insert the new point before (To add a point to the end, highlight the blank field at
the bottom of the list) and press MENU.
Highlight the route leg on which you
wish to insert a waypoint and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight ‘Insert Waypoint’ or ‘Add Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. From either the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab lists, highlight the waypoint to be inserted/added and
press ENTER/MARK.
To select a waypoint from the map, highlight the ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’ tab and press MENU. With
‘Select From Map’ highlighted, press ENTER/MARK. Use the zoom IN and OUT buttons and the
ARROW KEYPAD to highlight a waypoint on the map and press ENTER/MARK.
Remove Waypoint— Allows you to remove a point (waypoint or map item) from a route. This option
is available from both the Route Review and Active Route Pages.
To remove a point from a route:
62
Drag the route leg to an existing waypoint
(shown), map item, or a blank spot on the
map to create a new route point.
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1. From either the Route Review or Active Route Pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
point to remove and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Remove Waypoint’ and press ENTER/MARK.
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Invert— The Invert function will reverse the route you choose. This option is available from both the
Route Review and Active Route Pages.
To invert a route:
Reference
Editing Routes
1. From the Route Review or Active Route Page, press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Invert’ and press ENTER/MARK.
Plan Route— The Route Review and Active Route Pages also display trip-planning information for
each leg or the entire route. Available information includes Course, ETA, Fuel (to point), Leg Distance,
Leg Fuel, Leg Time, Sunrise and Sunset (at point location) and Time To (point).
To use the Plan Route feature:
1. To select the desired planning figure, highlight the desired route from the Route List and press
ENTER/MARK to display the Route Review Page. If you have an active route, you may also do the
same from the Active Route Page.
2. One of nine available planning figures appears to the right of each route waypoint and its distance.
Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired item.
3. To enter planning information, Press MENU and select ‘Plan Route’ from the options list. Enter
the figures for Speed, Fuel Flow, Depart(ure) Time, and Depart(ure) Date. Press QUIT to return to
the Plan Route Page.
F
Press LEFT or RIGHT on the
ARROW KEYPAD to change the data
field.
Fuel flow rates on your unit are measured in “units per hour.” System setting changes
for units of measure (statute, nautical or metric) do not affect the fuel flow measure.
You should enter fuel flow rates based upon available information for your vehicle
(operator’s manual, performance specifications, etc.) and make note of the desired units
of measure (gallons, liters, etc.).
Delete Route— deletes route and any map item points within route.
To delete a route:
1. From the Route Review Page press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Delete Route’ and press ENTER/MARK and ENTER/MARK again to confirm the deletion.
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Plan Route Data Fields
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Reference
Active Route Page
Whenever you have activated a route in the GPSMAP 168 Sounder system, the Active Route Page
shows each point (waypoint or map item) of the active route, with the point name, distance and choice
of Course, ETA, Fuel to point, Leg Distance, Leg Fuel, Leg Time, Sunrise and Sunset at point location,
or Time To point for each point from your present position. The current destination point, the ‘active’
point, is marked with an arrow icon. As you navigate a route, the waypoint list will automatically
update to indicate the next ‘active’ point first. The Active Route and Route Review Pages share many
of the same features and options.
Active Route Page
The following route options are available from the Active Route Page:
• Edit on Map— see page 61 for instructions.
• Insert Waypoint— see page 62 for instructions.
• Remove Waypoint— see pages 62 for instructions.
Active Route Page
• Invert— see page 63 for instructions.
• Plan Route— see page 63 for instructions.
• Re-evaluate— recalculates and reactivates the current route data.
Re-evaluate— reactivates the current route and selects the route leg closest to your current position as
the active leg. The active leg defines the current ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
To Re-evaluate an active route:
1 From the Active Route Page, press MENU.
2. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Re-evaluate’ and press ENTER/MARK to recalculate.
Active Route Page Menu Options
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Main Menu Page
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s Main Menu Page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation and interface management, and setup menus in an easy to use “tab” format. The Main Menu
Page is available from any page in the GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s system, and is accessed through the
MENU key.
Reference
Main Menu Tabs
See pages 2-3 for additional instructions changing settings and entering data.
To access the Main Menu Page:
1. Press MENU twice.
The 14 Menu tabs are divided into categories by function.
Main Menu Tabs
Submenu Tabs
To select a Menu tab from the Main Menu Page:
1. Move the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN to highlight the tab you want to view. The information
for the highlighted tab will automatically appear to the right.
2. If you want to highlight any of the tab items, press to the RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD, then
move UP or DOWN to select individual items.
3. You may then press either MENU for additional submenu options or press ENTER/MARK to make
changes to the highlighted item.
4. Press LEFT on the ARROW KEYPAD to get back to the Menu tab list. Pressing QUIT will take
you out of the Main Menu Page.
Main Menu Page
The Main Menu tabs are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Waypt— allows you to create, edit or delete waypoints. See pages 44-53.
Route— allows you to create, edit, activate or delete routes. See pages 57-64.
Track— lets you record a track, define how it is recorded and displayed.
Trip— provides trip speeds, odometers, averages, and trip timers.
Time— sets up time format, time zones, and daylight savings.
Pages— enables main pages to be shut off, turned on, or ‘jumped to’.
Map— sets up Map Page features, zooms, and text size. See pages 29-31.
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Reference
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Main Menu:
Track Tab
Sonar— sets up Sonar Page features, speeds and calibrations See pages 38-40.
Systm— defines beeper and simulator, restores setup, and displays software version.
Units— defines position format, datum, heading, and distance and speed units.
Comm— interface settings for use with a PC or second device.
Alarm— sets up alarms for anchor drag, arrival, off course, and clock.
Celes— Celestial page shows sun/moon time cycles and positions.
Tide— Tide page show 12 hour tide chart with levels and times.
Track Tab— lets you specify whether or not to record a track log (an electronic ‘breadcrumb trail’
recording of your path), define how it is recorded, or save track log data for future use. The Track Tab
also provides an indicator of the memory used for the active track log and options to clear the track
memory or start a TracBack route. See pages 54-55 for TracBack information. The Track submenu is
divided in two tabs: the ‘Active’ tab and the ‘Saved’ tab.
The ‘Active’ tab is for the active log (the log currently being recorded). It displays track memory
used and current settings.
Active Track Tab
The ‘Saved’ tab displays and manages a list of any saved track logs, allows TracBack activation and
map display of saved logs. The active log stores up to approximately 2000 track log points, based upon
the criteria specified in the Track settings. Up to 10 track logs may be saved in memory, with up to
250 track log points in each saved log.
For the ‘Active’ tab, the following settings are available:
• Record Mode— lets you select one of three track recording options:
Off— No track log will be recorded. Note that selecting the ‘Off’ setting will prevent you from
using the TracBack feature.
Fill— a track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
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Wrap— A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through the available memory
(replacing the oldest track data with new data).
Saved Track Tab
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• Interval— defines the frequency at which the track plot is recorded. Three interval settings are
available:
Time— records track plot based on a user-defined time interval.
Resolution— records track plot based upon a user-defined variance from your course over
ground. The resolution option is the default setting and is recommended for the most efficient
use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value (entered in the value field) is
the maximum error allowed from the true course before recording a track point.
Reference
Main Menu:
Track Tab
Distance— records track based on a user-defined distance between points.
• Value— defines the distance or time used to record the track log.
• Save— allows you to save the current active track log.
• Clear— allows you to clear the active track log currently stored in memory.
For the ‘Saved’ tab, the following menu options are available:
• Show Map— displays the saved track log on a Track Map page.
• Delete Track— deletes highlighted saved track log from memory.
You can use the ‘Show Map’ option to
display a saved track.
• Delete All— deletes all saved track logs from memory.
You may also activate a TracBack from any track on the ‘Saved’ tab.
To activate a TracBack from the ‘Saved’ tab list:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the track you wish to use for a TracBack and press
NAV/MOB.
2. The ‘Follow <track name>’ will automatically appear highlighted. Press ENTER/MARK.
3. Choose either ‘Original’, which will navigate you from the end to the start of your trip, or ‘Reverse’,
which will navigate you from the start to the end of your trip and press ENTER/MARK.
The track name will automatically
appear when highlighted on the
‘Saved’ list and NAV/MOB is pressed.
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Reference
Main Menu:
Trip, Time and Pages Tabs
Trip Tab— displays Trip Odometer, Moving Average speed, Total Average speed, Maximum Speed,
Stopped Time, Moving Time, Total Time, and Odometer. You may reset the data by choosing from
‘Reset Trip’, ‘Reset Odometer’, ‘Reset Max Spd (speed)’, or ‘Reset All’ and pressing ENTER/MARK.
Time Tab— displays the current time and date, allows you to adjust the 12 or 24 hour time format,
enter a time zone and adjust for daylight savings to show correct local time.
The following options are available:
Data
Fields
Reset
Options
• Time Format— choose from 12 or 24 hour (military) time format.
• Time Zone— choose your correct time zone to show correct local time or enter a UTC Offset. The
UTC (also called Greenwich Time) offset is how many hours you are ahead or behind the time line.
See the table on page 80 for time offsets.
• Daylight Savings— choose from ‘Auto’, ‘On’, or ‘Off’ to adjust for daylight savings.
Pages Tab— allows you to turn on/off any of the main pages or ‘Jump To’ a particular page.
Trip Tab
To select/deselect a main page:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the box to the left of the page name. Pressing ENTER/
MARK will select/deselect that page. When a page is selected, a ‘! ’ will appear in the box. You
must leave at least one page checked.
Selectable
Data
Fields
You may also press MENU and choose from one of the following and press ENTER/MARK:
• Enable All Pages— selects all pages.
• Basic Chartplotter— selects Map Page only.
• Nav Tools Only— selects Compass, Highway, and Active Route Pages only.
Non-Selectable
Data Field
• Basic Fishfinder— selects Sonar Page only.
To ‘Jump To’ a specific page:
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168 Manual Part 2.indd
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Jump To’ option to the right of the desired page and
press ENTER/MARK.
Time Tab
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Systm (System) Tab— controls system setting for beeper, speed filter, languages, system mode,
simulator controls, restores factory settings, and displays software version.
The following settings are available:
• Beeper— controls audible beep. Select from ‘Off’, ‘Alarms Only’ (sounds for alarms/messages), ‘Key
and Alarm’ (sounds for key presses and alarms/messages).
Reference
Main Menu:
Systm (System) Tab
• Speed Filter— averages speed-readings. Choose from ‘Off’, ‘Auto’ (automatically controls filtering),
or ‘On’ (allows you to enter a value from 1 to 255 seconds).
• Language— select from 11 languages for the unit’s on-screen display.
• System Mode— select from ‘Normal’ (normal navigation), ‘Simulator’ (for practice ONLY), ‘Sounder
Only’ or ‘GPS Only’.
• Track Control*— ‘Auto Track’ will steer to the current navigation point. ‘User Track’ allows you to
enter a heading in the ‘Track’ field.
• Speed*— lets you enter a speed.
Pages Tab
• Track*— lets you enter a heading.
• Set Position*— allows to set your location while in simulator mode. See page 11, starting with step
2, for additional instructions.
* These fields will only appear when the unit is in Simulator Mode.
The following options are available by pressing MENU from the ‘Systm’ tab:
• Restore Garmin Setup— restores all settings to Garmin’s original setup values for the entire unit.
• Software Version— displays the unit’s software, basemap version and serial number.
Systm (System) Tab
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Reference
Units Tab— defines Position Format, Map Datum, Heading, and units of measure for Distance, Speed,
Altitude, Depth and Temperature.
Main Menu:
Units Tab
The following settings are available:
I
The Units tab settings will affect how navigation information
is displayed on the GPSMAP 168 Sounder. When in doubt,
seek assistance.
If you are using a map or chart in conjunction with your
GPS, make sure the settings under the ‘Units’ tab of the
GPSMAP 168 Sounder match that of the map or chart. This
information should be displayed somewhere on the map or
chart. If the information is not present, contact the map
or chart maker to determine what position format, datum,
heading and units of measure are being used for the map
or chart.
• Position Format— is used to change the coordinate system in which a given position reading is
displayed. You should only change the position format if you are using a map or chart that specifies a
different position format or wish to use a format you are familiar with. The default format is latitude
and longitude in degrees, minutes, and thousandths of a minute (hddd°mm.mmm’). The following
additional formats are available:
• hddd.ddddd°— latitude/longitude in decimal degrees only
• hddd°mm’ss.s”— latitude/longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds
• UTM/UPS— Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal Polar Stereographic grids
• British Grid
• Dutch Grid
• Finnish KKJ27
• German Grid
• Irish Grid
• Loran TD
• Maidenhead
• MGRS
• New Zealand
• Qatar Grid
• Swedish Grid
• Swiss Grid
• Taiwan Grid
• User Grid
• W Malayan RSO
For additional information on Loran TD setup, see pages 80-81.
• Map Datum— allows you to select the datum reference used to determine a given position. The
default setting is ‘WGS 84’. Datums are used to describe geographic positions for surveying,
mapping, and navigation and are not actual maps built in the unit. Although over 100 datums are
available (as listed on pages 85-86), you should only change the datum if you are using a map or
chart that specifies a different datum.
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I
Units Tab
70
WARNING: Selecting the wrong map datum can result in substantial position errors.
When in doubt, use the default WGS 84 datum for best overall performance.
01/09/01, 9:43 AM
• Heading— lets you select the reference used in calculating heading information. You can select from
‘Auto Mag Var’, ‘True’, ‘Grid’ and ‘User Mag Var’. ‘Auto Mag Var’ provides magnetic north heading
references which are automatically determined from your current position. ‘True’ provides headings
based upon a true north reference. ‘Grid’ provides headings based on a grid north reference (and
is used in conjunction with the grid position formats described on page 70). ‘User Mag Var’ allows
you to specify the magnetic variation at your current position and provides magnetic north heading
references based upon the variation you enter.
Reference
Main Menu:
Units Tab
To enter a user defined magnetic variation:
1. With the ‘Heading’ field set to ‘User Mag Var’, highlight the heading reference field (immediately
to the right) and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the magnetic variation at your current position and press
ENTER/MARK.
If ‘User Mag Var’ is selected, you must periodically update the magnetic
I WARNING:
variation as your position changes. Using this setting, the unit will not automatically
calculate and update the magnetic variation at your present position. Failure to update
this setting may result in substantial differences between the information displayed on
your unit and external references, such as a magnetic compass.
• Distance, Speed and Altitude— lets you select the desired units of measure for distance, speed and
altitude readouts in ‘Nautical’ (nm, kt, ft), ‘Statute’ (mi, mh, ft) or ‘Metric’ (km, kh, mt) terms.
• Depth— lets you select the desired units of measure for depth readouts in Feet (ft), Fathoms (fa)
or Meters (mt).
You may manually enter a magnetic
variation.
• Temperature— lets you select the desired units of measure for temperature readouts in Fahrenheit
(°F) or Celsius (°C).
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Reference
Comm (Communications) tab— lets you control the input/output format used when connecting
your GPSMAP 168 Sounder to external NMEA devices, a DGPS beacon receiver, a personal computer,
another Garmin GPSMAP 168/162, etc. Eight format settings are available:
Main Menu:
Comm Tab
• Garmin Data Transfer— the proprietary format used to upload/download MapSource data, exchange
waypoint, route, track, almanac, and proximity data with a PC or another GARMIN GPSMAP
168/162.
When you select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’, there are 11 Transfer Modes to choose from: Host, Request
Almanac, Request Proximity, Request Routes, Request Tracks, Request Waypoints, Send Almanac,
Send Proximity, Send Routes, Send Tracks and Send Waypoints.
• Garmin DGPS— used to connect the GPSMAP 168 Sounder with a Garmin DGPS beacon receiver.
• NMEA In/NMEA Out— supports the input/output of standard NMEA 0183 version 2.3 data.
• Text Out— outputs simple text (ASCII) output which contains time, position, and velocity data.
Data
Transfer
Progress
• RTCM In— allows DGPS input using a standard RTCM format, without any output capabilities.
• RTCM In/NMEA Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format and
also provides NMEA 0183 version 2.3 output.
Comm Tab Serial Data Formats
• RTCM In/Text Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format and also
provides simple text (ASCII) output which contains time, position, and velocity data output.
• None— provides no interfacing capabilities.
To select an input/output format:
1. Highlight the ‘Serial Data Format’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
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To select a transfer mode:
Reference
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’ in the ‘Serial Data Format’ field.
2. Highlight the ‘Transfer Mode’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
Main Menu:
Comm Tab
To restore the Serial Data Format settings back to the default ‘Garmin Data Transfer’:
1. From the ‘Comm’ tab, press MENU, highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and press ENTER/MARK.
If ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format is selected, additional fields are provided to
control a GARMIN differential beacon receiver directly from your GPSMAP 168 Sounder. You may have
the unit automatically scan for the DGPS beacon signal or you can enter the beacon frequency and bit
rate on the unit and the information will be used to tune the beacon receiver.
To have the unit automatically scan for a frequency:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Beacon’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
Comm Tab Transfer Modes
2. Highlight ‘Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK. The numbers in the ‘Frequency’ field will change as the
unit scans from 284 kHz to 325 kHz, 200 bit rate, then 100, at 6-second intervals.
To restart the scan:
1. Press MENU, highlight ‘Restart Scan’ and press ENTER/MARK.
The unit can automatically scan for
a DGPS signal.
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Reference
To manually enter a frequency and bit rate:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Beacon’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
Main Menu:
Comm Tab
2. Highlight ‘User’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the ‘Frequency’ or ‘Bit Rate’ field, press ENTER/MARK, then enter a frequency or bit rate
and press ENTER/MARK when done.
The ‘Status’ field will show one of the following:
• Tuning— unit is attempting to tune to the specified frequency and bit rate.
• Scanning— unit is automatically scanning through the frequencies and bit rates.
• Receiving— unit is receiving DGPS signal and ready for operation.
• Check Wiring— unit is not making connection with DGPS receiver.
You may also manually enter a bit
rate and frequency.
When the unit is receiving a DGPS signal, the ‘SNR’ (Signal to Noise Ratio) and ‘Distance’ fields will
show data. The SNR range is 0dB to 30dB, with 30 being the best. The distance may or may not show
data, depending upon the signal being broadcast from the DGPS site.
Status
Field
74
The DGPS beacon transmitters are operated by the U.S. Coast Guard (or similar government agency
in other countries), which is responsible for their accuracy and maintenance. For DGPS transmitter
problems or to find the most updated list of frequencies and coverage areas, contact your local USCG,
or see their web site at http://www.navcen.uscg.mil/.
The ‘SNR’ and ‘Distance’ fields will
show data when a signal is received.
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Alarm Tab— allows you to turn an alarm On or Off and define the alarm setting for Anchor Drag,
Arrival, Off Course, Clock, Shallow Water, Deep Water, Fish and Battery.
Reference
• Anchor Drag— sets an alarm to sound when you’ve exceeded a specified drift distance. Enter a
distance up to 9.99 miles or kilometers in the distance field and use the control field to turn the
alarm on and off.
Main Menu:
Alarm Tab
• Arrival— sets an alarm to sound when you’re a specified distance or time away from a destination
waypoint. Enter a distance radius or time for sounding the alarm and use the control field to set the
alarm to ‘Off’, ‘Dist’ (Distance), or ‘Time’.
• Off Course— sets an alarm to sound when you’re off a desired course by a specified distance.
Enter a distance from 0 to 99.99 units in the distance field and use the control field to turn the
alarm on and off.
• Clock— provides an alarm for the system clock. Enter a time in the time field and turn the alarm on
and off from the control field menu. Remember to enter alarm times in the same time format (UTC
or local) you’re using for your system. The unit must be on for the clock alarm to work.
• Shallow Water— sets an alarm to sound when you enter an area of specified depth that is too
shallow. Enter a depth range from 0 to 999.99 in the distance field and use the control field to
turn the alarm on and off.
Alarm Tab
• Deep Water— sets an alarm to sound when you enter an area of specified depth that is too deep.
Enter a depth range from 0 to 999.99 in the distance field and use the control field to turn the
alarm on and off.
• Fish— sets an alarm to sound when the unit detects a fish. Choose from 3 symbol settings: Large,
Medium and Small Fish; Large and Medium Fish Only; Large Fish Only. Use the control field to
turn the alarm on and off.
• Battery— sets an alarm to sound when the unit reads a specific input voltage. Enter a voltage range
from 10.0 vDC to 16.0 vDC and use the control field to turn the alarm and and off.
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Reference
To set an alarm:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field to the right of the alarm name you wish activate
and press ENTER/MARK.
Main Menu:
Alarm Tab
2. Change the mode to ‘On’ (Distance or Time for the ‘Arrival’ alarm) and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Highlight the next field to the right and press ENTER/MARK, then enter the desired settings and
press ENTER/MARK to finish.
I
In order to hear an audible alarm, you must have the beeper turned on (page 69).
When an alarm is activated, a message will appear at the bottom of the display screen
(pages 83-84).
Setting the Clock Alarm
76
Press ENTER/MARK to acknowledge
an alarm and clear the message.
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Celes (Celestial) Tab— displays celestial data for sun and moon rise/set, moon phase, and
approximate skyview location of the sun and moon. The moon phase will display the current visible
portion of the moon as a light color. You may display this data for your current position, a position
from the map, or a waypoint location. Also, you may select a different date and time, or use the
current data.
To choose a position:
Reference
Main Menu:
Celes (Celestial) Tab
Time
Date
Position
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, press MENU then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Select a Position’
and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Select from ‘Use Current Position’, ‘Choose Position From Map’, or ‘Choose Waypoint’ and press
ENTER/MARK.
3. For ‘Choose Position From Map’, use the ARROW KEYPAD and IN and OUT zoom keys to select a
position on the map and press ENTER/MARK.
4. For ‘Choose Waypoint’, use the ARROW KEYPAD, to select a waypoint from the ‘By Name’ or
‘Nearest’ tab lists and press ENTER/MARK.
Moon
Phase
Skyview
Window
Data
Fields
Moon Position
Sun Position
Horizon (0°) 45° 70° Overhead (90°)
The location the unit is using will appear in the Date/Time/Position field. The timetables displayed
will be based upon your current time zone. When using a position from another location outside of
your time zone, you will need to set the Time Zone for that location under the ‘Time’ tab on the
Main Menu (see page 68).
You may also
change the
skyview from
‘North Up’ to
‘Track Up’.
To change the time or date:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the date or time and press
ENTER/MARK.
2. Enter a new date or time and press ENTER/MARK.
To use the current date and time:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, press MENU, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Use Current Date
and Time’ and press ENTER/MARK.
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‘Select a Position’ Sub-Menu Options
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Tide Tab— shows a graphical chart which displays tide station information in a 24 hour span starting
at midnight station time. You can choose from different dates and over 3000 tide stations around the
USA coastline, Alaska, Hawaii, western Canada and several of the Caribbean islands.
Reference
Main Menu:
Tide Tab
Station
Name
Date
Tide
Chart
Event
Times
Tide Tab
The top of the page displays the tide station being referenced, below that the date. The top of the
chart shows a 24-hour block of local time (LCL) for your position, with the reported station time (STA)
appearing at the bottom. Daylight (light bar) and nighttime (dark bar) show across the time scale, with
the time progressing from left to right. (Local time scales and sunrise/sunset info may not be available
for a few stations). The solid, light vertical lines are in 4-hour increments, and the light, dotted vertical
lines are in 1-hour increments. A dark, vertical line (with arrows at the ends of the line) will indicate
the time of day when using current date and will intersect the tide graph to show their relation.
Local Time
Day
Max. Level
Current Time
High Tide Curve
Low Tide Curve
Min. Level
Station Time
78
MLLW
Night
Event Times
The tide curve shows as a shaded area, with higher tides being taller and lower tides shorter. The
dark, horizontal line (with arrows at the ends of the line) indicates the current tide height. The figure
to the left of the line will show the current tide level in feet. The Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW)
appears as a solid, vertical line near the bottom of the chart (This line will only appear if the tide
ranges to the zero value or below). The numbers directly below/above ‘LCL’ and ‘STA’ indicate the
maximum/minimum levels, respectively. The four data fields below the chart, indicate event times and
levels at which the tide changes starting in the upper left field, going downward, then to the upper
right and down again.
You can select from a list of nearest
stations or from the map.
168 Manual Part 2.indd
Current Tide Height
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To select the nearest tide station from you current location:
1. From the ‘Tide’ tab, press MENU, then using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight ‘Nearest Tide Station’
and press ENTER/MARK.
The name of the closest station will appear in the ‘For’ field. You must be within 100 miles of
a tide station to use the ‘Nearest Tide Station’ option. If you are not within this range, you will see
a message “No Tide Stations For That Area.” Use the ‘Select From Map’ option and select a location
closer to a tide station.
Reference
Main Menu:
Tide Tab
To select a tide station from the map:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘For’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight ‘Select From Map’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. Select a position on the map and press ENTER/MARK.
4. A list will appear showing up to nine of the nearest tide stations. Highlight the desired station
and press ENTER/MARK. If the “No Tide Stations For That Area” message appears, repeat steps
1-4 until you find a station.
You may also change the date to see tide charts for other days.
You may automatically search for the
nearest station and also view past
and future information.
To change the date for the tide chart:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘On’ field and press ENTER/MARK.
2. Enter the desired date and press ENTER/MARK.
To use the current date:
1. Press MENU, then highlight ‘Use Today’s Date’ and press ENTER/MARK.
You must select a location within
100 nm of a tide station.
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Loran TD System
Appendix A
Loran C is a radio navigation aid operated and maintained in the United States by the United States
Coast Guard. The name LORAN is an acronym for “LOng RAnge Navigation.” The Loran system covers
the entire United States and the U.S. Coastal Confluence Zone. From the perspective of a mariner, the
system is used for ocean and coastal navigation. It can be used as a supplemental system for harbor and
harbor approach navigation, and it is used for inland navigation by recreational vehicles.
Loran TD
Loran TD Feature
You may change to Loran TD from either the
Status Page or Units Tab on the Main Menu.
The Loran TD (Time Delay) feature eases the transition from using Loran to using GPS. The
GPSMAP unit automatically converts GPS coordinates to Loran TDs for those who have a collection
of Loran fixes for favorite fishing spots and other waypoints recorded as TDs. You can display your
position as a TD or enter waypoints as TDs. The accuracy to be expected from this conversion
is approximately 30 meters. When the unit is placed in the Loran TD format mode, it simulates
the operation of a Loran receiver. Position coordinates may be displayed as TDs, and all navigation
functions may be used as if the unit was actually receiving Loran signals.
Using the Loran TD Format
When creating new waypoints using Loran TD coordinates, you must set the correct Loran chain
number and secondary stations in the Setup TD field before storing the waypoint. After the waypoint
is stored in unit memory, it will always reference the Loran chain number and secondary stations
currently selected in the Setup TD field. If you enter a different Loran chain number, change the
secondary stations or offsets in the Setup TD field, the active waypoint information will reflect those
changes. Since the GPSMAP unit does not rely on the Loran signal for navigation, it can reference a
different GRI chain and/or secondary stations and still navigate to the location stored in memory.
The Loran Position Format field is located under the ‘Units’ tab in the Main Menu. The ‘Loran
TD Setup’ window contains the fields to select the Loran GRI-Chain Number, Primary and Secondary
Stations, and TD Offsets.
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I
When inputting Loran coordinates, you must have the correct chain number, secondary
station identifiers (first and second), and proper map datum available for the TD
coordinates you input into the GPS unit. For better position accuracy, navigate to the
Loran point, then re-mark the point with a GPS unit in LAT/LON format.
Appendix A
Loran TD Setup
To setup Loran TD from the Main Menu:
1. Using the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Units’ tab and then the ‘Position Format’ field and
press ENTER/MARK.
2. Highlight ‘Loran TD’, press ENTER/MARK, then highlight ‘Setup’ and press ENTER/MARK.
3. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the field, press ENTER/MARK, select/enter
the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
4. When done, press the QUIT key to return to the Main Menu.
To setup Loran TD from the Status Page:
Loran TD Setup Page
1. Press MENU, then use the ARROW KEYPAD, highlight the ‘Loran TD On’ and press ENTER/
MARK.
2. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the field, press ENTER/MARK, select/enter
the desired setting and press ENTER/MARK.
3. When done, press the QUIT key to return to the Status Page.
If the active GRI Chain, secondary stations or offsets have been changed since the waypoint was
created, the waypoint will now reference the active GRI-chain and secondary stations and adjust the
TD coordinates accordingly. Remember that the GPS is not relying on the Loran signal for navigation
and actually converts the TD coordinate to a useful LAT/LON coordinate (in the background) before
storing the waypoint to memory or using it for navigation. Because of this, the unit can navigate to a
TD coordinate anywhere in the world.
Selecting the Loran Chain Number.
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Appendix B
The chart below gives an approximate UTC (Universal Time Coordinate) time offset for the various
longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you are in daylight savings
time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
Time Offsets
H
A simple way to determine your local time offset is how
many hours you are behind or ahead of UTC (also called
‘Greenwich’ or ‘zulu’ time).
Example: EST (Eastern Standard Time) is 5 hours behind
UTC, so your offset would be -5. Adding one hour for
daylight savings would make EDT (Eastern Daylight Time)
-4. Subtract an hour for each time zone as you travel west.
Offsets for Continental U.S. would be:
EST
-5
CST
-6
MST
-7
PST
-8
EDT
CDT
MDT
PDT
-4
-5
-6
-7
W180.0º to W172.5º
-12
E007.5º to E022.5º
+1
W172.5º to W157.5º
-11
E022.5º to E037.5º
+2
W157.5º to W142.5º
-10
E037.5º to E052.5º
+3
W142.5º to W127.5º
-9
E052.5º to E067.5º
+4
W127.5º to W112.5º
-8
E067.5º to E082.5º
+5
W112.5º to W097.5º
-7
E082.5º to E097.5º
+6
W097.5º to W082.5º
-6
E097.5º to E112.5º
+7
W082.5º to W067.5º
-5
E112.5º to E127.5º
+8
W067.5º to W052.5º
-4
E127.5º to E142.5º
+9
W052.5º to W037.5º
-3
E142.5º to E157.5º
+10
W037.5º to W022.5º
-2
E157.5º to E172.5º
+11
W022.5º to W007.5º
-1
E172.5º to E180.0º
+12
W007.5º to E007.5º
0
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The GPSMAP 168 Sounder uses an on-screen pop-up message system
to alert you to unit operating characteristics. Press the ENTER key to
acknowledge and return to the page you were viewing.
Alarm Clock— The alarm clock has sounded.
Alarm Voltage Set Too High Set to 16.0V— Voltage range must be
between 10.0 and 16.0 volts. Adjust setting.
Alarm Voltage Set Too Low Set to 10.0V— Voltage range must be
between 10.0 and 16.0 volts. Adjust setting.
Anchor Drag Alarm— You have drifted out of the specified distance
range.
Antenna Input Shorted To Ground— Check antenna wiring/
connections or antenna replacement.
Approaching Waypoint— You are a specified alarm distance from a
destination waypoint.
Arrival At Waypoint— You have arrived at the destination waypoint.
Basemap Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with the unit.
Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the
unit serviced.
Battery Alarm— Specified amount of input voltage has been detected.
Battery Voltage High Please Check Connection— Input DC voltage
is too high for unit.
Battery Voltage Low Please Check Connection— Input DC voltage is
too low for unit.
Boat is Not Moving Fast Enough to Calibrate— Speed wheel is not
turning. Check for debris or boat speed is too slow.
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Appendix C
Messages
Database Error— Internal problem with the unit. Contact your dealer or
GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the unit serviced.
Deep Water Alarm— Specified deep water alarm depth has been detected
below transducer.
Lost Satellite Reception— The unit has lost satellite signals. Check
antenna connections or try moving to a location with a clear view of the
sky.
Memory (RAM) Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with the
unit. Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have
the unit serviced.
Memory (ROM) Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with the
unit. Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have
the unit serviced.
No DGPS Position— No differential correction data is available or not
enough data is available to compute a DGPS position.
No Tide Stations For That Area— There are no tide stations within 100
miles of the specified point. Try another area.
Off Course Alarm— You have exceeded the specified off-course distance.
Processor Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with the unit.
Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (pg. iv) to have the
unit serviced.
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01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Appendix C
Messages
Proximity Alarm List is Full— You have used all ten proximity
waypoints.
Proximity Alarm Waypoint— You have entered the alarm radius for the
proximity waypoint indicated.
Proximity Overlaps Another Proximity Waypoint—The alarm radius
specified overlaps the area specified for another proximity waypoint. Adjust
the distance.
Route Already Exists: <route name>— You have entered a route name
that already exists in memory. Modify the route name or delete the previous
route name.
Route Does Not Exist: <route name>— Route has been renamed or
removed from memory and cannot be used.
Route Is Full— You have attempted to add more than 30 points to a
route. Reduce the number of points or create a second route.
Route Memory Is Full Can’t Create Route— Maximum amount of 20
routes is already in the unit’s memory and no additional routes can be
added until existing ones are removed.
Route Truncated— An uploaded route from another device has more than
30 points. Reduce the number of points.
Running Simulator— The unit is in simulator (practice) mode.
Shallow Water Alarm— Specified shallow water alarm depth has been
detected below transducer.
Sonar Failed Unit Needs Repair— Internal problem with the unit.
Contact your dealer or GARMIN Customer Service (page. iv) to have the
unit serviced.
Track Already Exists: <track name>— You have entered a saved track
name that already exists in memory. Modify the track name or delete the
previous track name.
Track Memory Is Full Can’t Create Track— Track log memory is full.
No additional track log data can be stored without deleting old data to
create memory space.
Track Truncated— A complete uploaded track will not fit into memory.
The oldest track log points were deleted to make space for the most
recent data.
Transducer Disconnected Sonar Turned Off— No transducer attached
or bad cable/transducer.
Transfer Complete— The unit has finished uploading/downloading
information to the connected device.
Water Speed Sensor is Not Working— Speed sensor is not detected.
Check connections.
Waypoint Already Exists: <waypoint name>— You have entered a
waypoint name that already exists in memory. Modify the waypoint name
or delete the previous waypoint name.
Waypoint Memory Is Full Can’t Create Waypoint— You have used
all 500 waypoints available. Delete unwanted waypoints to make space
for new entries.
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Adindan
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali, Senegal, Sudan
Chua Astro
Chua Astro- Paraguay
Afgooye
Afgooye- Somalia
Corrego Alegr
Corrego Alegre- Brazil
AIN EL ABD ‘70
AIN EL ANBD 1970- Bahrain Island, Saudi
Arabia
Djakarta
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra Island
(Indonesia)
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos I.
Dos 1968
ARC 1950
ARC 1950- Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Dutch
Dutch
ARC 1960
Kenya, Tanzania
Easter Isld 67
Easter Island 1967
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Ascension Island ‘58- Ascension Island
European 1950
Astro B4 Sorol
Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
European 1950- Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece,
Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
Astro Dos 71/4
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astr Stn ‘52
Astronomic Stn ‘52- Marcus Island
Aus Geod ‘66
Australian Geod ‘66- Australia, Tasmania
Island
European 1979
European 1979- Austria, Finland,
Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayfrd
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic of Maldives
GDA
Geocentric Datum of Australia
Aus Geod ‘84
Australian Geod ‘84- Australia, Tasmania
Island
Gandajika Base
Austria
Austria
Geod Datm ‘49
Geodetic Datum ‘49-New Zealand
Bellevue (IGN)
Efate and Erromango Islands
Guam 1963
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Bermuda 1957
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda Islands
Gux 1 Astro
Guadalcanal Island
Bogata Observ
Bogata Obsrvatry- Colombia
Hjorsey 1955
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Campo Inchspe
Campo Inchauspe- Argentina
Hong Kong ‘63
Hong Kong
Canton Ast ‘66
Canton Astro 1966- Phoenix Islands
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Taiwan
Cape
Cape- South Africa
Indian Bngldsh
Indian- Bangladesh, India, Nepal
Cape Canavrl
Cape Canaveral- Florida, Bahama Islands
Indian Thailand
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Carthage
Carthage- Tunisia
Indonesia 74
Indonesia 1974-Indonesia
CH-1903
CH 1903- Switzerland
Ireland 1965
Ireland 1965- Ireland
Chatham 1971
Chatham 1971- Chatham Island
(New Zealand)
ISTS 073 Astro
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69- Diego Garcia
Johnston Island
Johnston Island
168 Manual Part 2.indd
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Appendix D
Map Datums
F
The GPSMAP’s built-in world-wide database includes
coverage down to 20 n.m. (30 km). Note that the GPSMAP
168 Sounder basemap is valid to 75º north and 60º south
of latitude.
F
The ‘User’ datum is based on a WGS-84-Local datum and
is an advanced feature for unlisted or custom datums. Check
your local library or on the world wide web for educational
materials on datums and coordinate systems.
85
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Appendix D
NAD27 Central
Map Datums
NAD27 CONUS
NAD27 Cuba
North American 1927-Central America
(Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,
Honduras, Nicaragua)
North Am. 1927- Mean Value (CONUS)
North American 1927- Cuba
NAD27 Grnland
North American 1927- Greenland
(Hayes Peninsula)
Kerguelen Island
NAD27 Mexico
N. American 1927- Mexico
Kertau 1948
West Malaysia, Singapore
NAD27 San Sal
North American 1927- San Salvador Island
L.C. 5 Astro
Cayman Brac Island
NAD83
Liberia 1964
Liberia 1964- Liberia
North American 1983- Alaska, Canada,
Central America, CONUS, Mexico
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon- Mindanao Island
Luzon Philippine
Luzon- Philippines
(excluding Mindanao Isl.)
Kandawala
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Kerguelen Islnd
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and E.
Malaysia (Sarawak and Sabah)
Tokyo
Tokyo- Japan, Korea, Okinawa
Old Egyptian- Egypt
Midway Ast ‘61
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Old Hawaiian
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman
Oman- Oman
Ord Srvy GB
Old Survey Grt Britn- England, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl., Wales
168 Manual Part 2.indd
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Southeast Base- Porto Santo and
Madiera Islands
Timbalai 1948
Old Egyptian
86
Schwarzeck- Namibia
SE Base
Southwest Base- Faial, Graciosa,
Pico, Sao Jorge and Terceira Islands
Merchich- Morocco
North American 1927- Caribbean
(Barbados, Caicos Islands, Cuba, Dom.
Rep., Grd. Cayman, Jamaica, Leeward
and Turks Islands)
Schwarzeck
SW Base
Merchich
North Am. 1927- Canal Zone
Sapper Hill 1943- East Falkland
Island
S. American ‘69- Argentina, Bolivia,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela,
Trin/Tobago
Observatorio 1966- Corvo and Flores Islands
(Azores)
NAD27 Caribbn
Sapper Hill ‘43
South Asia- Singapore
Obsrvtorio ‘66
NAD27 Canal Zn
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel, Santa Maria
Islands
Sth Amrcn ‘69
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
North American 1927- Canada and
Newfoundland
Sao Braz
South Asia
Marco Astro- Salvage Isl.
NAD27 Canada
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Massawa
North American 1927- Bahamas
(excluding San Salvador Island)
Sweden
Santo (Dos)
Nahrwn- Masirah Island (Oman)
Marco Astro
NAD27 Bahamas
Rome 1940- Sardinia Isl.
RT 90
Nhrwn Saudi A
Nahrwn- United Arab Emirates
North American 1927- Alaska
Rome 1940
Nhrwn Masirah
Nhrwn United A
NAD27 Alaska
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Naparima BWI- Trinidad and Tobago
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Minna- Nigeria
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion
Naparima BWI
Mahe 1971
Minna
Qornoq
Pico De Las Nv
Canary Islands
Potsdam
Potsdam-Germany
Prov S Am ‘56
Prov So Amricn ‘56- Bolivia, Chile,Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela
Prov S Chln ‘63
So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Ptcairn Ast ‘67
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico & Virgin Isl.
Qatar National
Qatar National- Qatar
User
User-defined custom datum
Tristan Ast ‘68
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan da Cunha
Viti Levu 1916
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/Fiji
Islands
Wake-Eniwetok
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall
WGS 72
World Geodetic System 72
WGS 84
World Geodetic System 84
Zanderij
Zanderij- Surinam
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Altitude— Height above mean sea level (MSL).
Avg Speed— The average of all second-by-second speed readings since last reset.
Bearing (BRG)— The compass direction from your present position to a destination waypoint.
Course— The desired course between the active ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Distance (Dist)— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a destination waypoint.
Dist to Dest— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a GOTO destination or to the
final waypoint in a route.
Dist to Next— The ‘great circle’ distance from present position to a GOTO destination or to the
next waypoint in a route.
ETA— Estimate Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach your destination waypoint, based
on current speed and track.
ETA at Dest— The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination or the final waypoint in a
route.
ETA at Next— The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination or the next waypoint in a
route.
Fuel— The fuel required to travel from present position to the indicated route waypoint.
Leg Dist— The distance between two route waypoints.
Leg Fuel— The fuel required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence)
in the route.
Leg Time— The time required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence)
in the route.
Max Speed— The maximum second-by-second speed recorded since last reset.
Moving Average Speed— Average speed while the unit is moving.
Moving Trip Timer— Total time the unit has been moving.
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Appendix E
Navigation Terms
87
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Appendix E
Odometer— A running tally of distance travelled, based upon the distance between second-by-second
position readings.
Off Course— The distance you are off a desired course in either direction, left or right. Also referred
to as ‘cross-track error’ or ‘course error’.
Speed— The current velocity at which you are travelling, relative to a ground position. Also referred
to as ‘ground speed’.
Time To— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination or the next waypoint in a route.
Also referred to as ‘estimated time en route’.
Time to Dest— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination or the final waypoint
in a route.
Time to Next— The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination or the next waypoint
in a route.
To Course— The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce course error or stay on course.
Provides the most efficient heading to get back to the desired course and proceed along your route.
Track— The direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground track’.
Trip Odometer— A running tally of distance travelled since last reset. Also see ‘Odometer’.
Total Average Speed— Average speed of unit for both moving and stopped speeds since last timer
reset.
Total Trip Timer— Total time the unit has been in operation since last reset of the trip timers.
Turn— The angle difference between the bearing to your destination and your current track. ‘L’
indicates you should turn left, ‘R’ indicates you should turn right. The degrees indicate the angle
you are off course.
VMG— Velocity Made Good. The speed you are closing in on a destination along a desired course. Also
referred to as the ‘vector velocity’ to your destination.
Navigation Terms
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Physical Specifications
Size:
4.63" H x 6.0" W x 2.75" D (11.7cm x 15.2cm x 7cm)
Weight:
1 lb. 6 oz. (.763 kg)
Display:
4.2" diagonal (10.7cm) high-contrast, 4-level gray LCD with backlighting (240 x
240 pixels)
Case:
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy, waterproof to IEC 529-IPX-7
Temperature Range: 5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C)
Performance
Receiver:
Acquisition Times:
Warm:
Cold:
AutoLocate:
Update Rate:
Position Accuracy:
Velocity:
Dynamics:
Sounder Power:
Frequency:
Power
Source:
Usage:
Fuse:
Appendix F
Specifications
Differential-ready 12 parallel channel receiver tracks all satellites in view
Approx. 15 seconds
Approx. 45 seconds
Approx. 5 minutes
1/second, continuous
15 meters (49 feet) RMS; 1-5 meters (3-15 feet) RMS with optional GARMIN
DGPS receiver
0.1 knot RMS steady state
6g's
150 watts (RMS), 1200 watts (peak to peak)
200 kHz
10-18v DC
10 watts max.
AGC/3AG - 2 Amp
89
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01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Appendix G
Installing the GPSMAP 168 Sounder
Antenna Installation
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder must be properly installed according to the following instructions to
get the best possible performance. If you have the 168 Sounder with the built-in internal bail mount
antenna (010-00202-00), you may skip this section and proceed to the next page. For unit’s purchased
with the external GA 29 antenna (010-00199-00), follow the instructions below. To complete the
installation, you’ll need the appropriate fasteners and a 1” x 14-thread marine antenna mount available
at most marine dealers.
Mounting the GPS Antenna
Suggested locations for mounting the GA 29 antenna.
The antenna should be mounted in a location that has a clear, unobstructed view of the sky in all
directions to ensure the best reception. Avoid mounting the antenna where it will be shaded by the
boat’s superstructure, a radome antenna, or mast. The GPS antenna should be mounted about 2.5-3
feet away from the radar dome. Sailboat users should avoid mounting the antenna high on the mast
to prevent inaccurate speed readings caused by excessive heeling. Most marine VHF and LORAN
antennas should not seriously degrade the GPS antenna’s reception. Never paint the antenna or clean
it with harsh solvents.
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1” x 14-thread antenna mount. If you
need to raise the antenna to avoid shading, try using a 1” x 14-thread extension mast available at
most marine dealers.
It is possible to route the coaxial cable either through or
outside the antenna mount. The BNC connector on the
coaxial cable can be removed, and the coaxial cable
shortened to ease installation. If the BNC connector is
removed it must be replaced with a new crimp, compression
or solder-on BNC connector. If you need assistance, please
contact Garmin Technical Support at 913-397-8200.
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168 Manual Part 2.indd
90
To install the GPS antenna:
1. Screw the antenna directly onto the 1” x 14-thread mount.
2. Route the cable to the mounting location of the display unit. Use the appropriate tie-wraps,
fasteners and sealant to secure the cable along the route and through any bulkhead or deck.
3. Once the GPSMAP 168 Sounder unit has been installed, connect the cable to the antenna connector
on the back of the display unit. Make sure that you turn the antenna cable connector 1/4 turn
clockwise to lock the cable into place.
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Mounting the GPSMAP 168 Sounder Unit
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder’s compact, waterproof case is suitable for mounting in exposed locations or at the nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal bracket for surface or overhead mounting.
When choosing a location for the display unit, make sure you consider the following conditions:
Appendix G
Unit Installation
• There should be at least a 3” (5 cm) clearance behind the case to allow connection of the
antenna (external antenna only) and power/data cables.
• The mounting surface should be heavy enough to support the unit and protect it from excessive
vibration and shock.
• For units with the built-in internal bail mount antenna (010-00202-00), it should be mounted in
a location that has the clearest, most unobstructed view of the sky in all directions to ensure the
best reception. Avoid mounting the unit where it will be blocked by the boat’s superstructure, a
radar arch or mast.
I
The temperature range for the GPSMAP 168 Sounder is 5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C).
Extended exposure to temperatures exceeding this range (in storage or operating
conditions) may cause failure of the LCD screen. This type of failure and related
consequences are NOT covered by the manufacturer’s limited warranty.
To install the GPSMAP 168 Sounder unit:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fastener you are using.
3. Fasten the bracket to the surface using the appropriate fastener.
4. Insert the GPSMAP 168 Sounder into the mounting bracket. The bracket is designed for a tight fit to
provide additional support when swiveling the unit.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs through the bracket and into the display case.
6. Connect the power/data and antenna cables (external antenna only) to the back of the unit, making
sure the locking rings are fully tightened on both connectors.
168 Manual Part 2.indd
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OK
The Mounting Bracket is designed to be secured using a
flat head screw. If you use a screw with a countersunk
head, you risk damaging the Mounting Bracket.
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01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Connecting the Power/Data
Appendix G
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 168 Sounder to a 10-18 volt DC system and provides
interface capabilities for connecting external devices. The color code in the diagram below indicates the
appropriate harness connections. Replacement fuse is a AGC/3AG - 2 Amp fuse.
Wiring and
Interfacing
2A
10-18 Volt Boat Supply
If your boat has an electrical
system, it may be possible
to wire the unit directly to
+
an unused holder on your
Install
current fuse block. If you are 2-Amp
Fuse
using the boat’s fuse block,
remove the in-line fuse holder
supplied with the unit.
If your boat does not have
a fuse block, the unit can be
Boat
wired directly to the battery.
Ground
Make sure the 2-Amp in-line
fuse supplied with the unit is
Black Wire
installed.
Red Wire
Note: During a typical installation, only the Red and
Black wires are used. The other wires do not have to
be connected for normal operation of the unit.
Interfacing
F
92
Complete information concerning NMEA
formats and sentences is available for
purchase from NMEA at:
NMEA
PO Box 3435
New Bern, NC 28564-3435
252-638-2626
252-638-4885 FAX.
168 Manual Part 2.indd
92
The following formats are supported for connection of external devices: GARMIN proprietary
Differential GPS (DGPS), NMEA 0183 (version 2.3), ASCII Text Output, RTCM SC-104 input (version
2.0).
The following are the sentences for NMEA 0183, version 2.3 output: Approved sentences—
GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBOD, GPRTE, GPWPL, SDDBT, SDDPT, SDMTW
and SDVHW; Proprietary sentences— PGRME, PGRMZ, and PSLIB. The GPSMAP 168 Sounder also
includes NMEA input with support for the WPL sentence.
You can download a copy of GARMIN's proprietary communication protocol from the Help and
Support section of our website at www.garmin.com.
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Transducers
The transducer acts as the eyes and ears of your new sonar. Proper transducer selection and
installation are critical to the operation of your unit. The transducer transmits sound waves toward
the bottom in a cone shape. The larger the cone angle, the larger the coverage area at a given depth.
While it is good to see as large of an area as possible, it is best to select a transducer that suits the
water that you are on.
A wide cone angle transducer works best in shallow water. The wide cone angle provides a large
coverage area, but at a decreased bottom resolution. In deeper water this can result in a large dead zone
where fish cannot be seen. A narrow cone angle transducer is better suited to deep-water installations.
The narrow cone angle provides a smaller viewing area (compared to a wide cone angle transducer at
the same depth) with improved bottom resolution and a smaller dead zone.
Included in the 010-00199-00 or 010-00202-00 package is a 20° cone angle, temperature sensing,
transom mount transducer. This transducer provides good all-around performance. Listed below are a
variety of optional transducers and accessories which are available from your local dealer or GARMIN:
• 200 kHz, 20°, plastic, transom mount, depth only (P/N 010-10105-00)
• 200 kHz, 20°, plastic, transom mount, depth, temp (P/N 010-10118-00)
• 200 kHz, 20°, plastic, transom mount, depth, temp, speed (P/N 010-10106-00)
• 200 kHz, 20°, plastic, in-hull, depth only, 0° rise (P/N 010-10224-00)
• 200 kHz, 12°, bronze, thru-hull mount, depth only (P/N 010-10107-00)
• 200 kHz, 12°, bronze, thru-hull mount, depth, temp (P/N 010-10217-00)
• 200 kHz, 12°, plastic, thru-hull mount, depth only (P/N 010-10119-00)
• 200 kHz, 12°, plastic, thru-hull mount, depth, temp (P/N 010-10218-00)
• 200 kHz, 14°, plastic, trolling motor, depth, temp (P/N 010-10200-00)
• 200 kHz, 9°, bronze, thru-hull, depth, temp, speed (P/N 010-10177-00)
• 200 kHz, 8°, plastic, transom mount, depth, temp (P/N 010-10228-00)
• 200 kHz, 8°, plastic, transom mount, depth, temp, speed (P/N 010-10229-00)
• Speed Sensor (P/N 010-10252-00)
• Temperature Probe (P/N 010-10225-00)
• 10 ft. Extension cable for transducers (P/N 010-10170-00)
• 20 ft. Extension cable for transducers (P/N 010-10170-01)
168 Manual Part 2.indd
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Appendix G
Selecting A Transducer
Wide cone angle
Narrow cone angle
dead zone
fish not seen
X
X
93
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
Appendix G
Mounting the Transducer
Proper transducer installation is key to getting the best performance from your new unit. If the
transducer lead is too short, extension cables are available from your GARMIN dealer. DO NOT cut the
transducer lead or any part of the transducer cable, as this will void your warranty. The cable cannot be
spliced and connected to any existing (Garmin or non-Garmin) transducer cables.
Following are some tips and basic installation instructions for three popular transducers. Detailed
installation instructions are provided in the transducer kits. Some transducers may need to be installed
by a professional marine installer.
Transom Mount Installation
010-10118-00 (depth/temp) Transom Mount Transducer.
I
DO NOT mount the transducer behind strakes, struts,
fittings, water intake or discharge ports, or anything
that creates air bubbles or causes the water to become
turbulent. It is important that the transducer be in clean
(non-turbulent) water for optimal performance.
Apply marine sealant to all
screw threads to prevent water
from seeping into the transom.
Mount the transducer cable cover
well above the waterline.
Transducer should extend 1/8" below
fiberglass hull or 3/8" below aluminum hull
OK
Do not mount transducer directly in the
path of the prop. The transducer can cause
cavitation that may degrade the boat's performance
and damage the prop.
94
168 Manual Part 2.indd
Make sure that the transducer is
below water level when the boat
is on plane at high speed
Mount the transducer parallel with the bottom.
94
01/09/01, 9:44 AM
To avoid drilling a hole to mount a thru-hull transducer, a transom mount transducer may be used
with epoxy inside a boat (“shoot-thru-hull” installation). For a transducer to be mounted inside the hull
(shoot-thru, not thru-hull), the boat must be fiberglass, no core (contact your boat manufacturer if you
are unsure). Test by placing a small amount of water inside the hull, placing the transducer on top of
the water, then verifying the accuracy of the locators versus the current water depth. If they are the
same, use epoxy (non-silicone based) to affix the transducer to the inside of the hull.
Appendix G
Mounting the Transducer
PVC Pipe
or a Can
Thru-Hull Installation
The 010-10224-00 transducer is designed to be mounted inside a fiberglass hull. The standard
plastic transom mount transducer can also be mounted in this fashion using this method. If using a
temperature sensing transducer, the temperature displayed will reflect the hull temperature.
Selecting a Location:
1. The location has to be solid fiberglass, devoid of any air bubbles, laminates, fillers or dead air space.
The location needs to be in an area of clean water at all speeds. Do not place the transducer over
any strakes or behind any obstruction on the hull that would create turbulence at speed.
F
Many modern hulls have a prelocated pocket for thru-hull transducer installation. If
you are unsure if your hull is equipped with a prelocated pocket, contact your hull
manufacturer.
Testing the Location:
Fill Pipe or Can
with water or a
light mineral oil
Strip Caulk
or RTV Sealer
Hull Surface
Testing the Location
Apply twisting motion
to eliminate any
trapped air bubbles
Weight transducer in place
for at least 24 hours
Slow cure
2-part epoxy
1. Place the transducer in the water, pointed directly at the bottom and set unit for optimum
performance. Place the transducer in the test device as show on the side bar. If the sonar
performance is significantly degraded, another location will need to be tested.
Installing the Transducer:
1. Lightly sand the surface of the hull and face of the transducer with 400 grit wet or dry sandpaper.
2. Build a dam using strip caulk about 1/4” tall. Pour about 1/8” of two part, slow cure epoxy in the
dam. Place the transducer in the epoxy, turning the transducer to work out any air bubbles.
3. Weight the transducer in place and allow to cure for 24 hours.
168 Manual Part 2.indd
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Weight transducer
to hold it in place
Strip Caulk
or RTV
Sealer Dam
Installing the Transducer
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Trolling Motor Installation
Appendix G
Included in the 010-10200-00 transducer kit you should have:
Mounting the Transducer
1. Worm Gear Clamp
2. Cable Ties
3. Transducer
Mounting the Transducer:
1. Loosen the Worm Gear Clamp until the end of the band is clear of the worm gear.
Cable Ties
2. Slide the clamp band through the slots on the transducer.
3. Place the free end of the clamp band into the worm gear and tighten until the band is through
the worm gear.
4. Place the clamp and transducer over the body of the trolling motor. Finish tightening the clamp to
secure the transducer to the trolling motor.
Worm Gear
5. Secure the transducer cable to the trolling motor shaft using the supplied cable ties.
Clamp Band
F
If you are experiencing interference while the trolling motor is operating, try installing
the transducer cable at right angles to the trolling motor power cables.
Slide the Clamp Band through
slots on the Transducer
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Testing the Installation
Appendix G
While it is possible to perform some checks with the boat trailered, the boat should be in the
water to properly test the installation.
Testing the Installation
Press the POWER button and the GPSMAP 168 Sounder should power on. If the unit fails to
power on, verify that the wiring adapter is seated properly in the back of the unit, the Red and Black
wires are connected to the correct polarity, and that the 2-Amp fuse is installed and not blown. If the
unit is connected to a power supply that exceeds 18 VDC, a “Battery Voltage High” warning will be
displayed and the unit will turn off.
As the unit powers on, it should immediately start showing the bottom. Verify that the unit is
not in the simulator mode. If the unit is in the simulator mode, make sure that the transducer is
connected to the wiring harness.
To test the transducer installation, gradually increase the boat speed while checking the unit
operation. If the unit displays intermittently or fails to display, verify that the transducer is aligned
parallel with the bottom and if necessary, adjust the transducer height until the unit operates correctly.
It may be necessary to make several adjustments to ensure proper operation throughout the speed
range.
F
When adjusting the depth of the transducer, make the adjustments in small increments.
Placing the transducer too deep can adversely affect the boat’s performance and put
the transducer at greater risk of striking underwater objects.
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The Portable Case
Appendix G
GPSMAP 168 Sounder Portable
The Portable Case is designed for rugged use and provides storage for the Battery Pack, the Portable
Suction Cup Transducer and a mount for the GPSMAP 168 Sounder.
I
Use the two square eyelets located by the handle to secure the GPSMAP 168 Sounder
Portable Case to the boat. The case is water resistant but is not designed to float in
the event it should go overboard.
The Suction Cup Transducer
Using the Portable unit, you will still need to find a suitable location for the transducer. If you
are in a slow moving boat such as a canoe or flat bottom boat, the mounting location is not as critical.
Follow these simple guidelines and you should be fine.
To install the suction cup transducer mount:
1. Look for clean (non-turbulent) water.
2. Mount the transducer with approximately 1/2” extending beyond the bottom of the boat.
3. Do not mount the transducer behind strakes on the bottom of the boat or in the path of a prop.
Secure the GPSMAP 168 Sounder
to the boat using the provided eyelets.
4. If you experience poor reception, try another location.
I
WARNING! Speeds in excess or 20 MPH may cause the transducer to fly off and strike
occupants of the boat.
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When storing the Suction Cup Transducer in the case, dry the transducer and cable to avoid
corrosion. If using in Salt Water, rinse the transducer and cable in fresh water and dry before storing
in the case.
Appendix G
GPSMAP 168 Sounder Portable
Batteries
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder Portable comes with a D-Cell battery pack. Eight D-Cell Alkaline batteries will provide approximately 20 hours of continuous operation. You have the option of purchasing
a 12-Volt rechargeable Gel Cell battery for the portable case from a third-party vendor. The maximum
size of the Gel Cell should not exceed 4”H x 2.5”W x 6”L. If using a Gel Cell battery, you can
anticipate approximately 40 hours of continuous operation between charges. Cold temperatures will
reduce battery life.
Installing the D-Cell Batteries:
1. Disconnect the Red and Black leads.
2. Install the batteries noting the correct polarity.
3. Reconnect the Red and Black leads and place the battery pack (batteries down) in the provide
location within the case.
Installing a Gel Cell Battery:
Verify that the Gel Cell battery has male spade connectors installed on the positive and negative
leads.
D-Cell and Optional Gel Cell Battery Packs
Install the Battery Pack
into the moulded
location in the Portable
Case.
1. Disconnect the Red and Black leads and remove the D-Cell battery pack.
2. Connect the Red and Black Gel Cell leads to the Red and Black wires in the portable case.
3. Place the Gel Cell battery in the same location as the D-Cell battery pack. The Portable Case was
designed to accommodate a 12-Volt Gel Cell battery and hold it securely in place.
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Understanding Sonar
Appendix H
If you are familiar with sonar, and can determine what is on the chart, this section may not be for
you. This section is intended to help the novice user gain some understanding of how the GPSMAP 168
Sounder operates and how it can help improve their fishing productivity.
Understanding Sonar
1
2
3
1
3
2
This Phish is currently in a Dead Zone and is not detected by
the sonar. The fish is in the coverage area of the transducer,
but remember– the first strong return sets the bottom level.
The fish will eventually be detected when the first strong
return sets the bottom level below the fish.
To understand what the unit is displaying, it is important to have a general knowledge of how the
unit works and how it determines what to display. Briefly described, the unit operates by transmitting
sound waves toward the bottom of a lake, stream or seabed in a cone shaped pattern. When a
transmitted soundwave strikes an underwater object such as the bottom, a piece of structure, or a fish,
sound is reflected back to the transducer. The transducer collects the reflected sound waves and sends
the data to the unit to be processed and displayed on the chart. The underwater data is displayed on
the chart in the order that it is returned: first returned—first on the chart. The diagram in the sidebar
demonstrates this showing an underwater scene as it would be displayed on the chart. Generally
speaking, if the only thing between the transducer and the bottom is water, the first strong return
will come from the bottom directly below the transducer. The first strong return sets the bottom level.
Weaker secondary returns provide the detailed data. Stronger returns will display in darker colors,
black being the strongest return. In Example 2 (page 102) you can see that the branches and the fish
where the strongest secondary returns are indicated in black on the display.
That is brief description of how your GPSMAP 168 Sounder operates. Let’s take a look at how this
data can help you to improve your fishing.
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Transducer Coverage
Appendix H
The area covered by the transmitted sound waves is determined by the cone angle of the transducer
and the water depth. Using GARMIN’s standard 20° transducer, the coverage is approximately 1/3 of the
water depth. As shown is Example 1, the coverage area at a 30-foot depth is approximately a 10-foot
diameter circle. The scale below illustrates how coverage increases as depth increases.
Coverage Diameter
1'
2'
3'
6'
101
Coverage
Diameter
4"
3'
10"
6'
15"
9'
3'
9'
20"
12'
4'
12'
25"
15'
5'
15'
30"
6'
18'
35"
7'
21'
40"
8'
24'
45"
45"
9'
27'
10'
30'
Example 1.
168 Manual Part 2.indd
Depth
Transducer Coverage
Depth
18'
21'
24'
27'
30'
8° Transducer Coverage Chart
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Understanding the Chart
Appendix H
Understanding the Chart
Enlarged
Transducer
View
It is important to understand that the unit does not display a 3-D representation of the underwater
environment. The unit can display multiple things at the same time, but can not determine where the
return originated– only when it was received.
Example 2 provides a look at the underwater world from a top view, and relates that view to what
would be displayed on the chart. On the chart it appears the fish and tree are side by side, but when
we look at the scene from the top we can see that the fish is several feet from the tree. It is important to
remember that the fishfinder can not determine where in the coverage area the tree or fish are, only that
the returns were received in the same time frame.
Branches
Fish
Branches
Enlarged
Transducer
View
Fish
Remember that the Fishfinder displays a 2D picture of the
underwater environment. The fish and tree could be located
anywhere in the coverage area at that time.
102
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Example 2.
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Whiteline
Appendix H
The GPSMAP 168 Sounder can help you to determine if the bottom is hard or soft. When the
sonar soundwaves are reflected back by the bottom, a hard bottom will return a stronger signal than
a soft bottom. The stronger bottom return, the wider the bottom layer is displayed. The unit uses the
whiteline function to make this bottom layer information easier to distinguish.
When viewing the display without Whiteline active, the bottom return is black. While you can
make some determination of the bottom type, the black return makes this more difficult. With the
whiteline active, the bottom return appears layered in shades of gray and black and makes determining
the bottom type easier and more reliable. Example 3 shows the bottom return with and without the
whiteline activated.
Understanding the Chart
F
Whiteline can also help you to determine the type of bottom
structure that is displayed on the chart. By determining the
hardness of the structure, you can make a better informed
decision on the type of structure.
Structure is hard—
probably a rock or stump
Example 3.
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Structure is soft—
probably a mud pile
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Thermoclines
Appendix H
Understanding the Chart
One of the unique features offered by GARMIN is See-Thru technology. See-Thru technology
allows the GPSMAP 168 Sounder to see through thermoclines and helps locate fish where they live;
and fish love the thermocline.
H
A rough definition of a thermocline is a break in water where the water temperature
changes faster than the water above it. The thermocline usually displays as a gray
level as shown below.
Thermocline
104
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A
Cursor Movement ........................9, 25-26
Accessories ........................................vi, 93
Accuracy ................................................21
Accuracy Circle ......................................31
Active Route Page .............................43, 64
Active Route Page Options .....................64
Adjustment Bar ...........................14, 34-35
Alarms ..............................................75-76
Altitude, Speed and Distance .................71
Anchor Drag Alarm ................................75
Arrival Alarm .........................................75
ARROW KEYPAD ....................................1
D
B
Backlighting .........................................6-7
Battery Alarm .........................................75
Bearing Line ...........................................31
Bearing/Distance Measuring ...................28
Beeper ...................................................69
C
Capabilities ..............................................v
Cautions .................................................iii
Celestial Tab ...........................................77
Clock Alarm ..........................................75
Compass Page ..................................16, 41
Compass Page Options ..........................41
Contrast Setting .......................................6
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Data Entry ............................................2-3
Data Fields, Changing ......................32-33
Data Transfer .........................................72
Date/Time ........................................20, 68
Datum, Map ...............................70, 85-86
Daylight Savings Time ...........................68
Deep Water Alarm .................................75
Depth Line ...........................14, 34, 35, 37
Depth Scale ................................14, 34, 39
Depth Units ...........................................71
DGPS Interface Settings ....................73-74
DGPS Status ...............................20-22, 74
Dilution Of Precision (DOP) ..................21
Distance, Speed and Altitude .................71
Appendix I
Index
Fuel Flow ..............................................63
Full Screen Map .....................................27
G
Gain .................................................34-35
Go To Waypoint ...............................52-53
Going to a Destination .....................11, 52
H
E
Heading .................................................71
Highway Page ............................16-18, 42
Highway Page Configuration .................43
Highway Page Options .....................42-43
“How To” Index ....................................viii
ENTER/MARK Key ............................1, 44
I
F
IN Key .....................................................1
Initialization ...................................4-5, 21
Installation .......................................90-99
Interface Formats ...................................72
Interfacing .......................................72, 92
Factory Setup ........................................69
Fish Alarm .............................................75
Fish Symbols .........................................38
Flasher .................................14, 28, 34, 37
Follow Track ..........................................54
Follow Route ...................................12, 59
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Appendix I
Index
J
Jump To Page .......................................68
K
Keel Offset ...........................................39
Keypad Usage .......................................1
L
Land Mode ..........................................31
Language Selection ..............................69
Layout .................................................32
Loran TD ........................................80-81
M
Magnetic Variation ..............................71
Main Menu .....................................65-79
Main Menu Page ..................................65
Map Configuration .........................29-31
Map Datums .............................70, 85-86
Map Page .................................8-9, 24-33
Map Page Options ..........................27-33
N
NAV/MOB Key .................1, 11-12, 52-53,
55-56, 59
Navigation Terms .............................87-88
Nearest Tide Station ...............................79
Nearest Waypoint List ............................50
NMEA Output Formats ....................72, 92
Noise Reject ...........................................39
O
Odometers, Trip ....................................68
Off Course Alarm ...................................75
Options, Selecting ....................................2
OUT Key .................................................1
Overzoom .............................................26
P
Packing List .............................................vi
PAGE Key ................................................1
106
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Map Scales ...........................................26
Map, Zooming .................................9, 26
MapSource Info Page ........................31-32
Measure Distance/Bearing ......................28
MENU Key ..............................................1
Messages ..........................................83-84
MOB ................................................52, 56
Moonrise/Moonset .................................77
106
Pages Tab ...............................................68
Plan Route .............................................63
Portable Case ....................................98-99
Position Format .....................................70
Power Off ..............................................19
Power On .............................................4, 6
Power/Backlight/Contrast Key .................1
Preface .....................................................ii
Proximity Waypoints ........................50-52
Q
QUIT Key ................................................1
R
Receiver Status .................................21-22
Registration .............................................ii
Remember Settings ................................39
Restore Garmin Setup ............................69
Route List Page .......................................59
Route Review Page .................................60
Routes ...................................................57
Routes- Activating ............................12, 59
Routes- Copying ....................................59
Routes- Creating ...............................57-58
Routes- Deactivating ..............................59
Routes- Deleting ..............................59, 63
Routes- Editing .................................61-63
Routes- Insert/Add Turns & Points ...61-62
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Routes- Inverting ...................................63
Routes- Naming .....................................60
Routes- Plan Route .................................63
Routes- Removing Points .................61, 62
Routes- Reviewing Points .................60-61
S
Satellite Sky View ...............................5, 20
Scroll Speed ..........................................38
Serial Data Format .................................72
Serial Number .........................................iv
Shallow Water Alarm .............................75
Signal Strength Bars ...........................5, 20
Simulator ...........................................7, 69
Software Version ....................................69
Sonar Configuration ........................38-40
Sonar Page ........................8, 14-15, 34-35
Sonar Page Options ........................36-40
Sonar, Understanding .................100-104
Sonar Zoom ...............................15, 34-35
Specifications ........................................89
Speed, Distance and Altitude .................71
Speed Filter ............................................69
Split Screen, Resizing ..................28-29, 37
Status Page ................................5-8, 20-21
Status Page Options .........................22-23
Sunrise/Sunset ............................63-64, 77
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Symbols, Waypoint ..............10, 13, 44-49
System Mode .........................................69
Appendix I
Index
T
Table of Contents ...................................vii
Temperature ..........................................71
Thermoclines ...........................14, 34, 104
Tide Charts .......................................78-79
Tide Page Settings .............................78-79
Time, Daylight Savings ..........................68
Time Format ..........................................68
Time Offsets ..........................................82
Time Zone .............................................68
TracBack .....................................54-55, 67
Track Log- Clearing ....................19, 54, 67
Track Log- Deleting ................................67
Track Log- Displaying ................30, 43, 55
Track Log- Saving .............................54, 67
Track Log- Showing on Map..30, 43, 55, 67
Track Setup ......................................66-67
Transducers ......................................93-97
Trip and Fuel Planning ...........................63
Trip Odometers .....................................68
Trip Timers ............................................68
W
Warnings................................................iii
Warranty ................................................iv
Water Mode ..........................................31
Water Speed, Calibrating .................39-40
Water Type ...........................................39
Waypoint Lists ................................48, 50
Waypoint Options ...........................48-49
Waypoints- Creating ......10, 13, 26, 44-46
Waypoints- Deleting .............................49
Waypoints- Editing ..........................46-47
Waypoints- Moving ...............................47
Waypoints- Naming ..............................47
Waypoints- Nearest ...............................50
Waypoints- Proximity ......................50-52
Waypoints- Reviewing .....................13, 46
Welcome Page .........................................ii
Whiteline ........................14, 34, 38, 103
Wiring Installation ................................92
U
Z
Units Setting .....................................70-71
User Datum .....................................85-86
Zooming ..........................9, 15, 24, 26, 42
107
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© 2000 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9AQ, U.K.
GARMIN Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00170-00 Rev. B
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