Garmin GPSMAP 196 GPS Receiver User Manual

GPSMAP 196
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Pilot’s Guide & Reference
12/9/2002, 4:34:25 PM
© 2002 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K.
Tel. 44/1794.519944
Fax 44/1794.519222
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in
any storage medium, for any purpose without prior written consent of Garmin Corporation. Garmin Corporation hereby grants permission to download a single
copy of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this
manual contains the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual is strictly prohibited.
Information in this manual is subject to change without notice. Garmin Corporation reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in
the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes. Visit the Garmin web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products.
Garmin®, GPSMAP,® TracBack® and AutoLocate® are registered trademarks and MapSource™ is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be
used without the express permission of Garmin.
December 2002
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Part Number 190-00283-00 Rev. B
Printed in Taiwan
12/9/2002, 4:35:05 PM
Preface
Thank you for purchasing the Garmin GPSMAP 196—the result of our continuing efforts to
provide quality, user-friendly navigation systems for all your needs. To get the most from your new GPS
receiver, be sure to read the Quick Start Guide first to get acquainted with the basic features. Use this
Pilot’s Guide as a reference manual, to provide additional information on unit features and operation as
needed.
Detailed descriptions are provided for each feature on the GPSMAP 196, with operation of these features described in simple step-by-step format. This manual is organized by topic—beginning with the
basic operation and the main pages (screens), and continuing with database information, navigation and
unit setting to customize the GPSMAP 196 to your preferences. Use the “How To” Index and/or Table
of Contents to quickly select the reference topic you wish to explore. If you don’t find the item you’re
searching for there, a full subject index is provided at the back of this Pilot’s Guide.
Introduction
About this Manual / Packing List /
Product Registration
Packing List
Your GPSMAP 196 package includes the GPSMAP 196 unit, detachable antenna, yoke mount, dash
mount, PC interface cable, cigarette lighter adapter, this owner’s manual and a quick start guide. If any
parts are missing, please contact your Garmin dealer immediately.
Product Registration and Support
Help us better support you by completing our on-line registration today! Have the serial
number of your GPSMAP 196 handy and connect to our website (www.garmin.com). Look for the Product Registration link on the Home page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the area provided
on page iv of this manual.
Why should you register you Garmin GPS unit?
• Notification of product updates
• Notification of new products
The GPSMAP 196 uses GPS technology in order to find your
precise location. GPS stands for Global Positioning System, a
group of 24 satellites, circling the Earth twice a day, at an altitude
of about 12,000 miles. The satellites transmit very low power
radio signals containing position and time information, allowing
anyone with a GPS receiver to determine their location on the
Earth within 100 meters or better. For more detailed information
regarding GPS, we have prepared a booklet called “GPS Guide
for Beginners” which is available to you from our web site at
www.garmin.com.
• Lost or stolen unit tracking
If you have any questions, Garmin’s Product Support department can be reached Monday through
Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Central Standard Time, by phone at 1-800-800-1020, or by email at
sales@garmin.com.
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Introduction
CAUTION: The Global Positioning System (GPS) is operated by the government of the United
States, which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to
changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Although the
GPSMAP 196 is a precision electronic navigation aid (NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or
misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
Cautions and Warnings
,
CAUTION: Use the GPSMAP 196 at your own risk. To
reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and thoroughly practice
operation using the simulator mode prior to actual use. When in
actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPSMAP 196
to all available navigation sources, including the information from
other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety, always
resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
NOTE: The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is
designed to facilitate the use of authorized government charts,
not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to
mariners contain all information needed for safe navigation – and,
as always, the user is responsible for their prudent use.
MAP DATA INFORMATION: One of the goals of Garmin
is to provide customers with the most complete and accurate
cartography that is available to us at a reasonable cost. We use a
combination of governmental and private data sources, which we
identify as required in product literature and copyright messages
displayed to the consumer. Virtually all data sources contain inaccurate or incomplete data to some degree. This is particularly true
outside the United States, where complete and accurate digital
data is either not available or prohibitively expensive.
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WARNING: The altitude calculated by the GPSMAP 196 is the geometric height above mean
sea level and could vary significantly from altitude displayed by pressure altimeters in aircraft.
GPS accuracy may be degraded by the U.S. Department of Defense-imposed Selective Availability
(SA) program. With “SA” on, GPS altitude may be in error by several hundred feet. Never use GPS
altitude for vertical navigation.
WARNING: For vehicular applications, it is the sole responsibility of the owner/operator of the
GPSMAP 196 to secure the GPS unit so that it will not cause damage or personal injury in the event
of an accident. For automotive use, do not mount the GPSMAP 196 over airbag panels or in a place
where the driver or passengers are likely to have an impact with it in an accident or collision. The
mounting hardware provided by Garmin is not warranted against collision damage or the consequences therof.
WARNING: For vehicular operations, it is the sole responsibility of the operator of the vehicle to
operate his or her vehicle in a safe manner, maintain full surveillance of all conditions at all times,
and never become distracted by the GPSMAP 196 to the exclusion of safe operating practices. It
is unsafe to operate the GPSMAP 196 while driving. Failure by the operator of a vehicle equipped
with a GPSMAP 196 to pay full attention to operating the vehicle while the vehicle is in motion
could result in an accident.
CAUTION: GPS receivers operate by receiving and decoding very low power radio signals
broadcast by satellites. It is possible that in some situations other radio equipment or electronic
equipment used in close proximity to a GPS receiver may create electromagnetic interference (EMI)
which may affect the ability of the GPS receiver to receive and decode the satellite signals. In such
event, the interference may be reduced or eliminated by switching off the source of interference or
moving the GPS receiver away from it.
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The GPSMAP 196 complies with Part 15 of the FCC interference limits for Class B digital devices
FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE. These limits are designed to provide more reasonable protection against
harmful interference in a residential installation, and are more stringent than “outdoor” requirements.
Introduction
Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation.
FCC Compliance Statement
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment
does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The GPSMAP 196 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an
authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could result in permanent
damage to the equipment, and void your warranty and your authority to operated this device under Part
15 regulations.
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LIMITED WARRANTY
Introduction
Warranty and Serial Number
Serial Number
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located
on the back of the unit) in case it is lost, stolen, or needs service.
Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a safe place or
attach a photocopy inside the manual.
Serial Number:
,
The Garmin GPSMAP 196 has no user-serviceable parts. Should
you ever encounter a problem with your unit, please take it to an
authorized Garmin dealer for repairs.
The GPSMAP 196 is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt
to open the case to change or modify the unit in any way will
void your warranty and may result in permanent damage to the
equipment.
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for one year
from the date of purchase. Within this period, Garmin will at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer
for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This
warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY
ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS,
WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL Garmin BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY
TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not allow the
exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of
the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, call your local Garmin authorized dealer. Or call Garmin Customer
Service at one of the numbers listed on the inside front cover of this manual for shipping instructions
and an RMA tracking number. The unit should be securely packed with the tracking number clearly
written on the outside of the package. The unit should be sent, freight charges prepaid, to any Garmin
warranty service station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for
warranty repairs.
Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other special offers from
Garmin. Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty
service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not
replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
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Software License Agreement
BY USING THE GPSMAP 196, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT
CAREFULLY.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this device (the “Software”) in
binary executable form in the normal operation of the product. Title, ownership rights and intellectual
property rights in and to the Software remain in Garmin.
Introduction
Software License Agreement
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected under the United
States of America copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that
the structure, organization and code of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the
Software in source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile,
disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer or reduce to human readable form the Software
of any part thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or
re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the United States of
America.
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‘HOW TO’ INDEX
Introduction
TO DO THIS
SEE PAGE(S):
Enter data using the ENTER key and the ARROW KEYPAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Getting Help
Sequence through each of the main pages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
As you learn to use your GPSMAP 196, you will have many
questions about how different features work. Information on these
features is readily available from many sources. Use the following
as a general guideline to help you find the answers you seek:
Select Land Mode, Water Mode or Aviation Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii, 7
• Quick Start Guide
A Quick Start Guide is included with the
GPSMAP 196 package to provide a brief
introduction to the basic featues of the
unit. The guide describes the features you
will most often use.
Declutter the Map Page. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-14
This manual describes the features of the
GPSMAP 196 in greater detail. Use it as
a reference for additional information on
a given feature.
To quickly find some of the main features
and accompanying procedure steps that
will guide you through these features,
use the ‘How To’ Index appearing on
this page.
If you’re trying to locate a particular feature or topic not appearing on this page,
refer to the Table of Contents and/or the
Index in the back of this manual.
Select an airport/navaid by identifier, facility name or city name. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
• Pilot’s Guide
• www.garmin.com
• Product Support
vi
The Garmin website provides information
about product updates, email contact
information for product support and an
Adobe Acrobat version of this manual.
Change the types of data displayed on the Map and/or HSI pages. . . . . . . . 14, 16, 24, 27
Display the nearest airports list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49-50
Display database information (location/runways/frequencies) for any airport . . 31, 44, 50
Create and use a route (flight plan). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
View airspace warnings and information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-53
Disable airspace alarms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88-89
Pan ahead on the map display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-11
Save present position as a user-defined waypoint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Change units of measure (statute, nautical, metric). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Change position format (degrees/minutes/seconds, degrees/minutes, etc.) . . . . . . . . . . 94
Change displayed time (zulu or local). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
You can also contact our Product Support
staff at the email address amd phone
number provided on page i.
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Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i -viii
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Product Registration and Support . . . . . . . . . . . i
Warnings and Cautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ii
FCC Compliance Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Warranty and Serial Number . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Software License Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
“How To” Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Features and Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
Position Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39
Position Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-41
Introduction
Direct To ( D ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-47
Waypoint Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Selecting a GOTO Destination . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Jeppesen Database Information . . . . . . . . 44-45
Direct To Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46-47
MARK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Marking Present Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Basic Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8
NRST/FIND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49-57
Keypad Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Features/Data Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Turning the Unit On/Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Initializing the Receiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Main Page Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Screen Backlighting/Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Aviation, Land and Water Modes . . . . . . . . . . .7
Nearest Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49-50
Nearest Airport Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Nearest FSS or ARTCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Nearest Airspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52-53
Find Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54-55
Finding Highway Exits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Finding Street Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Main Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-41
Main Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58-98
Map Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-13
Map Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-22
HSI Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
HSI Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24-27
RMI Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
RMI Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30-31
Active Route Page Options . . . . . . . . . 32-36
Current Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Current Route Page Options . . . . . . . . . . .38
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
GPS Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59-62
Flights Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Route Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64-71
Points Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-75
Track Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76-78
Trip Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Aircrft Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79-80
E6B Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Celes Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-84
Table of Contents
Map Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Setup Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85-98
Appendices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99-109
Appendix A: Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Appendix B: Wiring and Interfacing . . . . . .100
Appendix C: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . .101
Appendix D: Glossary of Terms . . . . . . 102-103
Appendix E: Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104-105
Appendix F: Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Appendix G: Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107-109
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Introduction
Features
Designed for detailed electronic mapping capability, the Garmin GPSMAP 196 is a powerful navigation device suitable for use in aircraft, motor vehicles and marine vessels:
Navigating and Mapping Features
• Built-in Americas, Atlantic or Pacific Jeppesen database includes worldwide airports and VORs,
plus regional NDBs, intersections, airspace boundaries, runway data and communication
frequencies
• 1000 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons and comments
• Built-in Americas, Atlantic or Pacific basemap includes detailed ocean, river and lake coastlines,
tide stations, cities, interstates, state highways, and local thoroughfares
• 50 reversible routes with up to 50 waypoints each
• Automatic turn-by-turn road routing
• Enhanced mapping available by using optional MapSource™ City Select, MetroGuide™, Road &
Recreation, Topo or Fishing HotSpots™ PC products
• Coordinates: Lat/Lon, UTM/UPS, Loran TD, plus 24 grids, including Maidenhead
• TracBack route feature which allows you to quickly retrace your track log to a starting position
• Built-in simulator mode for training or at-home flight planning
Operating Mode Features
To quickly switch between operating modes, press and hold the
PAGE key. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired
mode and press ENTER. See page 7 for more information on
operating modes.
• Aviation Mode with graphic HSI and airspace warnings
• Land Mode with turn-by-turn road route, graphic RMI and turn-by-turn instructions
• Water Mode for marine navigation, with graphic RMI and reverse map shading
• Independent units of measure and map settings for each mode
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The IN key — adjusts the map scale to show a smaller area with more detail. (Zooms in)
The OUT key — adjusts the map scale to show a larger area with less detail. (Zooms out)
The PAGE key — cycles the unit through the main display pages in sequence and returns
the display from a submenu page. Press and hold to select between Aviation, Land and Water
modes.
Basic Operation
Keypad Usage
The QUIT key — cycles the unit through the main display pages in a reverse sequence,
restores the previous value in a data entry field, or cancels an unintended function.
The ENTER key — selects a highlighted menu option. When entering data, allows you to
initiate entry, and then to accept the selected value(s). Press and hold to mark the current
location as a user-created waypoint.
The MENU key — displays a menu of available options for the current page. Pressing the
MENU key twice will display the Main Menu.
The NRST/FIND key — displays the nearest airports, navaids, points of communication and
airspace boundaries in Aviation Mode. In other modes (or when pressed multiple times in
Aviation Mode), displays the Find Menu to select Points of Interest, Addresses, user-created
waypoints, Cities and more for review or as a destination. Points of Interest and Address
information are provided from optional MapSource City Select or MetroGuide CDs.
With the GPSMAP 196 on, press the red POWER key to display a
settings window for backlighting and screen contrast.
The D (Direct To) key — allows you to retrieve airports, navaids, recently used waypoints
or user-created waypoints as a ‘Goto’ destination. Press and hold to display additional information for the current destination (such as communication frequency and runway data).
The POWER key — is used to turn the unit on and off, to activate the backlight and to adjust
screen contrast.
The ARROW KEYPAD — controls movement of the on-screen cursor (highlight), pans the
Map Page, selects options and allows you to enter data (such as airport identifiers).
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Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu.
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Basic Operation
Features / Data Entry
Example of on-screen cursor and data entry.
The following features and data entry procedures are referred to throughout this manual.
CURSOR— A highlighted area on the screen (white text on black background) which can be moved
up/down/left/right with the ARROW KEYPAD to select individual fields on the display. Moving the
cursor to a given location allows you to begin data entry or scroll through a list.
FIELD— The location on a page (such as “waypoint name field”, shown at left) where a group of
characters or an option is entered and displayed. The cursor is placed on a field (using the ARROW
KEYPAD) to begin data entry or selection of options.
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to place the
cursor on the waypoint name field.
To enter data in a data field:
2. Press ENTER.
2. Press ENTER to begin data entry.
3. Press RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD
to move to the second character. Then
UP/DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to
select the desired character.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired data. UP/DOWN to select the desired character and
RIGHT to move to the next character field. LEFT allows you to back up to the previous character field
or, when at the leftmost character field, to clear the entire data field.
4. Press RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD
to move to the third character. Then UP/
DOWN to select the desired character.
5. Press ENTER to complete data entry.
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired data field.
4. Once the desired data has been entered, press ENTER to confirm.
ON-SCREEN BUTTON— Similar to “Field”. Place the cursor on a button and press ENTER to select
the action corresponding to that button. An example of an on-screen button is the “GOTO” button
appearing at the bottom of the waypoint information pages.
SCROLL BAR— When viewing a list of items too long to display on a single page, a scroll bar will
appear along the right-hand side of the list. The position of the scroll bar indicates which portion of the
list is currently being displayed. The height of the scroll bar indicates the number of items in the list.
To scroll through a list of items, use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD.
DEFAULT— A system-selected format, built into the operating software or the unit’s memory, that will
be followed unless the user chooses a different setting. For example, the default setting for speed readings (in Aviation Mode) is ‘knots’, but can be changed to ‘miles per hour’ or ‘kilometers per hour’. Once
a setting is changed, the new setting is retained until another change is made or a ‘Restore Defaults’
menu option is selected.
Example of cursor and on-screen button. The cursor is highlighting
the on-screen ‘Goto’ button. Press ENTER to select.
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To turn the GPSMAP 196 on, press and hold the RED POWER KEY.
A Welcome Page will appear while the unit conducts a self test. Once testing is complete, the Welcome Page is replaced by a Database Page. The Database Page shows the effective dates for the Jeppesen
database and a warning that the GPSMAP 196 is for VFR use only.
Press ENTER to acknowledge the Database Page.
Basic Operation
Turning the Unit On/Off
The Satellite Status Page will appear as the GPSMAP 196 looks for available satellites. The
GPSMAP 196 continuously collects and stores “almanac” data when it receives a satellite(s). Almanac
data tells the GPS receiver where to look for each GPS satellite in the constellation. Each time you turn
the GPSMAP 196 on, it will use this almanac data—along with last known position, date and time—to
determine which satellites should be in view.
A minimum of three satellites is required for a two-dimensional position fix (2D Navigation),
whereas at least four satellites are necessary for a three-dimensional position (3D Navigation). A threedimensional position includes latitude, longitude and altitude. Additional satellites are occasionally
needed to triangulate your position and, even if not needed to determine a position, additional satellites
will also improve position accuracy.
During normal use, expect a position fix in 30-45 seconds. Once a sufficient number of satellites are
received, the GPSMAP 196 will automatically transition from the Satellite Status Page to the Map Page.
Your position will appear on the map and, once you select a destination, the GPSMAP 196 will be ready
to help you navigate.
)
After the initial Welcome Page, the Database Page appears indicating the database coverage area and effective dates.
If you press any keys while the unit is acquiring satellites, the automatic sequencing from
Satellite Status Page to Map Page will not occur.
At the end of the day, when you’re finished using the GPSMAP 196, the same RED POWER KEY
that you use to turn the unit on also turns the unit off.
To turn the GPSMAP 196 off, press and hold the RED POWER KEY.
An additional page will appear in the start up sequence when an
optional data card and MapSource data are installed.
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Basic Operation
Initializing the GPS Receiver
Initialization Options
If the GPSMAP 196 is unable to determine its location, an options menu will be displayed.
Depending on the situation, select the appropriate option to help the unit acquire satellites.
Start Simulator— This option will turn the GPS receiver OFF. Select this option if you are indoors
and can not receive satellite signals, or if you wish to practice using the unit in simulator mode. This
option saves battery power and allows the map to redraw faster.
New Location— If you have traveled to another state, province or country, and you are having
trouble locking on to satellites, select ‘New Location.’ Another menu will be displayed with the
options ‘Automatic’ or ‘Use Map.’ If ‘Automatic’ is selected, the unit switches to AutoLocate mode
and begins searching for satellites. If ‘Use Map’ is selected, use the pointer on the Map page to select
your approximate location and the unit will continue to acquire satellites normally. ‘Automatic’ may
take longer to acquire satellites.
Stored w/o Batteries— If you have stored the unit without batteries, the date stored in the GPS
may be incorrect. To check the date, highlight ‘Stored w/o Batteries’ and verify the date displayed
below the options menu. If the date is incorrect, select ‘Stored w/o Batteries’ and press ENTER to
search for satellites.
If satellites are NOT received after several minutes of operation,
the ‘Poor Satellite Reception’ window will appear. Select ‘New
Location’ to update your current position (from last known) or
‘Continue Acquiring’ to keep searching.
Continue Acquiring— Select this option if you are in an area where the satellites are temporarily
being blocked.
For more information on the GPS information screen see page 59.
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The GPSMAP 196 features four main pages which are linked together, in series. You can quickly
cycle through these main pages—in either direction—using the PAGE and QUIT keys. Each of these
main pages is described in greater detail on the following pages.
Basic Operation
To display the next page in the sequence, press PAGE.
To display the previous page in the sequence, press QUIT.
Map Page
Panel Page
!!!
Main Page Sequence
Active Route Page
Position Page
!!!
The above sequence illustrates the pages you’ll see in Aviation Mode. As you become more familiar
with the GPSMAP 196, you’ll find that using both PAGE and QUIT allows you to quickly select the
desired page. For example, to quickly jump from the Map Page to the Panel Page, press PAGE. To
return from the Panel Page to the Map Page, press QUIT.
In Land Mode, the sequence of pages is slightly different:
You can select the HSI Page to appear in the main page
sequence in place of the Panel Page.
Map Page
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RMI Page
Current Route Page
Position Page
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Basic Operation
Screen Backlighting / Contrast
The GPSMAP 196’s backlighting illuminates the display and keypad for optimal visibility. There are
twenty levels of screen backlighting, providing maximum flexibility. At night, you can easily turn the
backlighting level down to prevent unwanted glare and distraction.
Screen contrast is adjustable as well. You may find it necessary to adjust the contrast setting as the
ambient temperature changes.
Backlighting and screen contrast are adjusted using the RED POWER KEY and the ARROW
KEYPAD. A pop-up window shows the current settings and the progress of any adjustments you
have made.
To adjust the screen backlighting and contrast:
1. From any page, press the RED POWER KEY momentarily. A pop-up window will appear showing the
current contrast and backlighting settings.
2. Press the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to change the backlighting settings. UP will
increase backlight intensity; DOWN will decrease backlight intensity.
3. Press the LEFT/RIGHT portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to adjust screen contrast. LEFT will make
screen contrast lighter; RIGHT will make screen contrast darker.
Press the red POWER key to display a pop-up window for backlighting and contrast adjustments. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
make the desired changes: UP/DOWN to change backlight level
and LEFT/RIGHT to change screen contrast.
4. Press ENTER to accept any changes and remove the screen settings window. Alternatively, if no keys
are pressed, the screen settings window will automatically be removed after five seconds.
)
On warmer days you may find it necessary to decrease the contrast setting for optimal
screen clarity. Conversely, on cold days it may be necessary to increase the contrast setting
to make screen information more legible.
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Your GPSMAP 196 is designed to be flexible. The unit provides “Aviation Mode”, “Land Mode” and
“Water Mode” settings, allowing you to tailor many features specifically for airborne, automotive or
marine applications.
In Land or Water modes, some alert messages—which would be appropriate in the cockpit—are
disabled to prevent nuisance messages not applicable to the current use. Additionally, there are many
settings on the GPSMAP 196 you can make on your own. For example, speed can be displayed in
knots, miles per hour or kilometers per hour. The GPSMAP 196 provides the flexibility to have separate
settings for each mode (and saves them in memory so you do not have to re-enter them the next time
you switch between modes).
Basic Operation
Aviation, Land and Water Modes
The list below describes the differences you will observe when switching between modes.
VEHICLE SYMBOL—An airplane symbol indicates your current position on the map in Aviation Mode. In
Land or Water modes, a pointer symbol is used.
MAP SETTINGS—All map settings, such as level of detail, North reference (North Up, Track Up, etc.), Auto
Zoom min/max limits, and text size will be saved by mode. When you switch between modes, your preference settings for each mode are retained and used for the map display.
GOTO NAVIGATION—In Aviation Mode, when a GOTO is initiated the course line (and course guidance) is
fixed at the point where you started the GOTO. By contrast, in Land or Water modes, the GOTO course line
is always tied to your current position and moves as you move.
Map Page and graphic HSI in Aviation Mode.
UNITS OF MEASURE—Your preferred settings for speed, altitude, distance and temperature are retained
for each mode. This makes it easy to switch between, for example, miles/miles per hour in Land Mode and
nautical miles/knots in Aviation and Water modes.
PAGE LAYOUT—The main pages can be custom-tailored to your preferences by changing the page layouts.
You may find that you prefer different page layouts for different modes (applications) and the GPSMAP
196 will save your page layouts for each mode so they are ready the next time you select that mode.
APPROACH/ARRIVAL ALARMS—Each mode allows you to configure the unit for a different application. In
each of these modes you will likely be operating at significantly different speeds. For this reason, you may
find it useful to have different alarm time or alarm distance settings in each mode.
RECENT LIST—A separate list of recently used destinations is kept for each operating mode.
RMI Page in Land Mode.
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Basic Operation
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Nearby
Intersection
Selectable
Data Fields
Course Line
Graphic HSI
Main Pages
Map Page
Interstate Highway
Current
Location
Nearby Airport
Map Scale
The GPSMAP 196 features a real-time moving map that can do much more than just plot your
course. The Map Page displays digital cartography (map information) which includes airspace boundaries, airports, navaids, lakes, rivers, coastlines, cities and highways. An on-screen cursor lets you pan
ahead to other map areas, determine distance and bearing to any map position, and retreive database
information directly from the map. Dedicated zoom keys are provided for instantaneous scale adjustments.
The map portion of the page displays your present position using an aircraft symbol (in Aviation
Mode) or a pointer symbol (in Land or Water modes). Your planned route appears on the map as a bold
line, and your track log (which shows where you’ve been) appears as a series of small points. You may
select which features are shown on the Map Page using the Map Page Options, described on page 14.
What is it?
The Map Page graphically depicts your present position relative
to nearby airports, navaids, airspace boundaries, lakes, rivers,
towns and more.
How does it work?
During normal use, your position remains fixed at the center of
the screen, and the map information moves (scrolls) on the map
as you move.
If you wish to view information outside the current area, you can
either:
• change the map scale using the IN and OUT zoom keys,
and/or
• pan to the area you want to see using the ARROW KEYPAD.
(NOTE: When panning, you can return to normal map operation
and re-center the map to your position by pressing QUIT.)
By default, four user-selectable data fields appear on the right-hand side of the screen—along with
a graphic HSI. The HSI works much like a mechanical HSI, indicating the desired course and your
deviation left/right of this course. If the needle points straight up and the course deviation needle is
centered, you are heading directly to your destination. From the Map Page Options, each data field may
be configured to display any one of 40 possible data options. You can also add additional data fields to
the page or select a full screen map without data fields, using the Map Page Options (see page 14).
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Map Page Operating Modes
Main Pages
Map Page
Two basic map operating modes, position mode and panning mode, determine what information is
shown on the map display. Position mode pans the map to keep the present position symbol centered in
the display area, and is the normal mode of operation when viewing the Map Page. Panning mode pans
the map to keep the pointer within the display area, and is used to view map information outside your
current area (without changing scales), measuring distance to map features from your current position
or for retrieving database information from the map. The GPSMAP 196 will always power up in the
position mode, with the last known location centered on the map display. With the Map Page displayed,
pressing the ARROW KEYPAD will activate panning mode.
When the pointer is active, an additional data window will appear at the top of the screen to indicate the position, range and bearing to the pointer or a selected waypoint or map item.
Using Panning Mode and the Pointer
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to pan the map. When panning a
pointer appears on the map.
The pointer allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll to other map areas around
the world. As you pan past the edge of the current map display, the screen will actively scroll forward
to provide continuous map coverage. (Keep in mind that the present position symbol moves with the
scrolling map, and may not be visible on the display screen.)
)
NOTE: When the pointer reaches the edge of the map, the unit may pause briefly as it
loads new map data.
To move the pointer:
1. Press the ARROW KEYPAD to move the pointer in an up, down, left or right direction.
Place the pointer on a map feature to display additional information. For waypoints, airports or navaids, press ENTER to
display a waypoint information page for the selected point.
As you move the pointer, the distance and bearing from your present position to the pointer will be
displayed in the data window, along with the cursor’s position coordinates. In panning mode, zooming in or out will center the pointer on the screen. When the pointer is stationary, a fixed coordinate
position will appear in the position field, and the distance and bearing from your present position will
change as your vehicle moves.
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To eliminate the cursor and re-center your position on screen:
1. Press the QUIT key. The unit will return to position mode and the present position symbol will appear
centered on the map.
The cursor may also be used to ‘snap’ to on-screen waypoints and map items. When a waypoint
name is highlighted, you can review information about the waypoint, list waypoint options, or execute a
GOTO right from the Map Page.
Main Pages
Map Page
To select an on-screen airport, navaid or map item with the cursor:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or map item (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in closer for a better view).
2. When a waypoint or map item is selected, it will become highlighted on screen, with the name and
position displayed at the top of the screen.
3. To view additional details, press ENTER. If the item is an airport, file tabs will appear across the top
of the page. This allows you to quickly review field elevation, runway layout, communication frequencies and available approaches. (Multiple file tabs will also appear if more than one object appears on
the map at the pointer location.) To save a map item as a waypoint, press MENU and select ‘Create
Waypoint’.
To GOTO an on-screen airport, navaid or map item:
With the pointer on a map feature, press the DIRECT TO key
(then ENTER) to navigate to that point.
1. Follow steps 1 through 3 above to display additional details for the on-screen item.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘GOTO’ button at the bottom of the screen. With this
button highlighted, press ENTER.
The cursor may also be used to create a new waypoint directly from the map. If nothing currently
exists at the map pointer position, a new waypoint will be created at the cursor’s location.
To create a waypoint with the cursor on an open map location:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the cursor to the desired map position.
2. Press and quickly release the ENTER/MARK key to capture the cursor location (Pressing and holding
the ENTER/MARK key will capture the current location, not the cursor’s location).
3. The ‘New Map Waypoint’ window will appear. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press ENTER to confirm the
new waypoint using the default three-digit name and symbol. (You can also change the waypoint
name and symbol as described on page 48.)
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Creating a New Map Waypoint
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Airspace Information
Main Pages
Map Page
Cursor mode may also be used to retrieve information on airspaces depicted on the map. Once the
panning pointer is placed on an open area within an airspace, the entire airspace (or airspace sector) is
highlighted. A text box adjacent to the panning pointer will indicate the airspace type and floor/ceiling
limits. Additional information, including communication frequencies, is available from an information
page.
To retrieve airspace information from the Map Page:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select an open area within the desired airspace’s boundary. The boundary line is highlighted and a window appears showing airspace type and floor/ceiling limits.
2. To display additional information, such as controlling agency, press ENTER. Communication frequencies may then be displayed by highlighting the on-screen “Frequencies” button and pressing ENTER.
Or, with the on-screen “OK” button highlighted, press ENTER to return to the Map Page.
Selecting Map Scales
When the pointer is placed inside an airspace boundary, the
boundary is highlighted and a text box appears. The text box
indicates airspace type and floor/ceiling limits. Press ENTER to
display additional airspace information.
Map scale info appearing at the bottom of the page:
Using Built-In Basemap
The map display has 28 available range scales from 20 ft. to 800 mi. (5 m to 1200 km). The map
scale is controlled by the IN and OUT keys, with the current scale displayed at the bottom right of the
data window.
To select a map scale:
1. Press the OUT key to zoom out and the IN key to zoom in.
)
The scale value represents the distance from one end of the scale bar to the other, not
across the entire screen.
Using MapSource Data
Overzoom, no additional data
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The GPSMAP 196 has a built-in worldwide map displaying detail to a 20 mile scale. More detailed
coverage is available through the use of optional MapSource CD-ROM data. The GPSMAP 196 will
display cartography as long as there is map information available for the range you’ve selected.
Main Pages
Map coverage will conform to the following conditions:
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal map or MapSource CD data, cartography will be displayed.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal map and MapSource CD data, cartography will be displayed using the data with the best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the data in use, an ‘overzoom’ warning will
appear below the scale field.
Easy Screen Decluttering
You can select the desired level of map detail using the ‘Setup Map’ option described on the following page. You may, however, wish to temporarily remove some map detail in congested areas without
making any changes to the map settings. There are four declutter settings which will display everything,
remove the background detail (lakes/rivers/highways), remove airspace boundaries, and—at the highest
declutter level—remove all map detail except those waypoints which are part of your selected route.
Map decluttering is selected with the ENTER key, and only works in Position Mode (see next page for
decluttering in Cursor Mode).
Map Page
First declutter level with background (basemap) detail in gray.
To quickly declutter the Map Page (Aviation Mode only):
1. Press ENTER. Background detail—including highways, cities, rivers & smaller lakes—is displayed in
gray (de-emphasized) on the map to make the aviation data easier to read. This declutter setting is
identified by ‘CLEAR-1’ appearing below the map scale.
2. Press ENTER again. The above background map detail is removed from the map display. ‘CLEAR-2’
appears below the map scale.
3. Press ENTER again. Airspace boundary detail is removed from the map display. ‘CLEAR-3’ appears
below the map scale.
4. Press ENTER again. Only the waypoints/navaids which are part of the current GOTO or route appear
on the map display. ‘CLEAR-4’ appears below the map scale.
5. Press ENTER again to return ALL detail to the map display.
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Second declutter level with background detail off. Note the
‘Clear-2’ declutter indication below the map scale.
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Main Pages
Map Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 196 are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
that specifically relate to that page. The data window, located at the right side of the display, provides a
user-selectable layout of various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any
one of several data options. The data window layout may also be customized to change the actual size
of the data displayed. The GPSMAP 196’s Map Page options menu provides access to functions and
features relating to the Map Page and options for layout of the page.
To display the Map Page options, press MENU (with the Map Page displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
With the Map Page displayed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD, then
ENTER to select the desired option.
• Declutter/Declutter Off
• Full Screen Map/Show Data Fields
• Measure Distance
• Setup Page Layout
• Change Data Fields
• Setup Map
• Hide Directions/Show Directions (land mode only)
• Declutter/Declutter Off— provides the same screen decluttering capability as described on page 13.
The current declutter setting is indicated directly below the map scale. This option is useful when in
Cursor Mode, as the ENTER key in cursor mode is used to display database information or create a
new waypoint.
To select a declutter setting:
1. Highlight the ‘Declutter’ (or ‘Declutter Off’) option and press ENTER. Note the declutter setting, as
indicated directly below the map scale.
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• Full Screen Map/Show Data Fields— toggles between a full screen map without data fields, or a
map with data fields on the right-hand side of the page.
To maximize the map/show data fields:
1. Highlight the ‘Full Screen Map’ option and press ENTER. The Map Page will now be maximized with
no data fields. OR,
Main Pages
Map Page Options
1. Highlight the ‘Show Data Fields’ option and press ENTER. The Map Page will display the map with
data fields along the right-hand side of the page.
• Measure Distance— allows you to measure the bearing/distance between two points on the map.
To measure the Bearing/Distance between two points:
1. Highlight the ‘Measure Distance’ option and press ENTER. An on-screen pointer will appear on the
map display at your present position with ‘ENT REF’ below it.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you want to measure from) and press
ENTER.
3. Move the cursor to the point you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from the reference
point and cursor coordinates will be displayed in the data window at the top of the display.
4. Press the QUIT key to finish.
The ‘Full Screen’ option displays a full screen map without the
data fields or graphic HSI.
• Setup Page Layout— provides Map Page display options for four large-text data fields, ten smallertext data fields or four data fields with an HSI (or RMI in Land/Water modes).
To setup the page layout:
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Layout’ option and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired option, None, 1 Column (Large), 2 Columns (Small), or 2 Columns with HSI (RMI),
and press ENTER.
Use the ‘Measure Distance’ option to measure distance between
two points. Bearing and distance appears at the top of the page.
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Main Pages
Map Page Setup Options
• Change Data Fields— allows you to specify the type of data displayed in each data field appearing on the Map Page. There are over forty different data options including: altitude, bearing, course,
distance, ETA, ETE, speed, track and a pointer. You can review the complete list on the GPSMAP 196,
and refer to Appendix D for definitions of each data field term.
To change a data field:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press ENTER.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move up or down on the list using the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display,
and press ENTER to select. To exit, press QUIT.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to diplay a list of available data types.
• Setup Map— jumps to the Map tab of the Main Menu, allowing you to configure the map display
to your preferences. Settings include map detail, map orientation, auto zoom, text size and maximum scale for each map item to appear. The ‘Auto’ setting available for many map items allows you
to control all map features globally using the ‘Detail’ setting (see below). The map setup options are
organized under a series of ‘file tabs’ which appear at the top of the page. The file tabs make individual
selections easier to locate and change.
To change a map setup feature:
1. From the Map Page menu, highlight ‘Setup Map’ and press ENTER.
2. Move LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired file tab, then UP or DOWN on
the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the setting you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight to the desired setting and press ENTER.
4. To exit, press QUIT.
Selecting ‘Setup Map’ places you on the ‘Map’ tab of the Main
Menu. From there, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the
desired map setup tab across the top of the page.
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The following table lists the file tabs and the settings available under each tab:
General Tab
Detail— Most, More, Normal, Less, Least: controls how much map detail you will see. This setting
only applies to map features set to ‘Auto’. Those features which have a specified maximum scale or are
turned ‘Off’ will not be affected by this setting.
Orientation— North Up: fixes the top of the map display to a north heading; Track Up: fixes the top
of the map display to the current track heading; Course Up: fixes the map so the direction of navigation is always “up” and turns the navigation leg line vertical on the screen.
Auto Zoom— On/Off: when ‘On’ the map will automatically adjust the map scale as you approach
your destination. Auto Zoom attempts to zoom in/out to the next step when it can still display your
location and the destination at the next higher/lower scale setting.
Accuracy Circle/Lock to Roads— On/Off: toggles the accuracy circle or lock to road feature ‘On’ and
‘Off’. The accuracy circle represents the approximate position accuracy of the unit based on satellite
conditions. Your position will be within the circle. The lock to roads feature is used with MapSource
MetroGuide or City Select data and locks your present position icon to the nearest road.
Map Tab
Aviation Data— On/Off: turns all Jeppesen data (airports, navaids and airspace boundaries) on or off.
Basemap— On/Off: turns the built-in basemap (cities, highways, lakes and rivers) on or off.
Lat/Lon Grid— Off, Auto, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which latitude/longitude grid lines
will appear on the screen or shuts the feature off.
Grid Labels— Off, Auto, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which labels for latitude/longitude
grid lines will appear on the map.
Main Pages
Map Page Setup Options
The ‘General’ Tab includes settings for level of detail and for map
orientation. ‘Track Up’ orientation will rotate the map to keep the
top aligned to your current direction of travel (track).
Map Outlines— On/Off: toggles the coverage boxes for optional MapSource map data ‘On’ and ‘Off’.
The map outlines allow you to easily identify the area of coverage for any MapSource map data shown
on the map display.
From the ‘Map’ Tab, you can use the ‘Basemap’ setting to turn
On/Off the background map. ‘Map Outlines’ will show the
boundaries of any optional MapSource data.
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Main Pages
Map Page Options
Line Tab
Heading Line— On/Off: turns the Heading Line on or off. A Heading Line is a projected line from
your current position which shows your current heading.
Bearing Line— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the Bearing Line appears
on the screen. The Bearing Line shows the bearing from your current location to your destination.
Course Line— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the Course Line appears on
the screen. The Course Line shows a direct navigation line from the point navigation was initiated to a
destination waypoint.
Track Log— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which the active Track Log appears
on the screen. A track log is an electronic bread crumb trail showing where you have been.
Saved Tracks— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which any saved Track Logs will
appear on the screen.
Waypoint Tab
Use the ‘Line’ tab to remove/display the active track log or any
saved track logs.
Waypoints— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the waypoint name.
Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which user waypoints appear on the screen.
Active Route— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of active route waypoint
names. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which active route waypoints
appear on the screen.
Airport Tab
Large/Medium/Small Airport— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the
airport identifier. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which airports appear on
the screen. Large airports are those with a runway longer than 8000’. Medium airports are those with a
runway longer than 5000’ or with a control tower.
The ‘Airport’ tab lets you display runway numbers and/or
runway extensions, or turn these map features off.
Runway Numbers— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of runway numbers.
Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which runway numbers appear on the
screen.
Rnwy Extensions— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which runway extensions appear on the screen.
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Nav Tab
VOR— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the VOR identifier. Zoom
Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which VORs appear on the screen.
Main Pages
NDB— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the NDB identifier. Zoom
Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which NDBs appear on the screen.
Map Page Options
Intersection— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the intersection name.
Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which intersections appear on the screen.
Ctrl Tab
Class B, CTA— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which Class B or CTA
airspace appears on the screen.
Class C, TMA— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which Class C or TMA
airspace appears on the screen.
Towers, Cntrl Zone— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which Tower or
Control Zone (Class D) airspace appears on the screen.
SUA Tab
Restricted Areas— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which restricted airspace
appears on the screen.
MOAs— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which military operation areas
appear on the screen.
Mode C Veils— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which Mode C veils appear
on the screen.
Other SUAs— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which other airspace categories appear on the screen. ‘Other SUAs’ includes training, caution, danger, warning and alert areas.
Use the ‘Nav’, ‘Ctrl’ and ‘SUA’ tabs to define how navaids and
airspace boundaries will appear on the map display. The ‘Text’
setting determines the size of navaid names. ‘Zoom’ defines the
maximum scale at which the feature will appear.
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Main Pages
Map Page Options
City Tab
Large/Medium/Small City— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the city
names. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which cities appear on the screen.
Large cities are those with approximate populations greater than 200,000 and medium cities are those
with approximate populations over 50,000.
Small Town— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of the town names. Zoom
Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which towns appear on the screen. Small towns
have approximate populations under 5,000 or an unknown population size.
Road Tab
Freeway/Highway/Local Road— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which each
roadway category appears on the screen.
Local Road Name— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of local road names.
Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which local road names appear on the screen.
Railroad— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of railway names. Zoom Auto,
Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which railway lines appear on the screen.
Use the ‘Road’ tab to define how interstate highways, state highways, local roads and railways will appear on the map.
Point Tab
POIs— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of MapSource points of interest
names. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which MapSource points of interest
appear on the screen. Optional MapSource POI information can include food, lodging, attractions,
entertainment, shopping and services.
Geo— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of geographic point names. Zoom Auto,
Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which geographic points appear on the screen. Optional
MapSource geographic points include peaks, cemeteries, dams, marinas, boat ramps and golf courses.
Exit— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of interstate highway exit names
or numbers. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which interstate highway exits
appear on the screen.
The ‘Point’ tab includes settings for optional MapSource points of
interest (POIs) and geographic points (Geo).
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Area Tab
River/Lake/Park/Other— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of river, lake,
park or other area names. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which rivers,
lakes, parks or other areas appear on the screen. ‘Other’ areas include wetlands, glaciers, parking lots,
university campuses and reservations.
Metro— Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which metropolitan areas appear
on the screen.
Main Pages
Map Page Options
Topo Tab
Major/Inter/Minor Contour— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the screen size of contour
line elevation numbers. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum scale at which contour lines
appear on the screen.
Land Cover— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which land cover areas appear on
the screen.
Marine Tab
Marine Services/Spot Soundings/Marine Navaids— Text Off, Small, Medium, and Large: controls the
screen size of marine feature names or numbers. Zoom Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi: sets the maximum
scale at which marine features appear on the screen. Optional MapSource marine navaid information
includes day markers, mile markers, buoys and lighted markers.
‘Topo’ settings are used with optional MapSource Topo data.
Light Sectors— Auto, Off, 20 ft.-800 mi.: sets the maximum scale at which light sectors appear on the
screen.
Symbol Set— Auto, Garmin, NOAA, International: determines the symbology use for marine navaids
on the map display. ‘Auto’ will cause the GPSMAP 196 to use the default symbol set for the MapSource
cartography currently loaded on an optional data card.
Setup Map Menu Options
As you may have noticed from the tab selections shown on the last five pages, a wide variety of information can be depicted on the map display! After making a number of changes to map settings, you may wish to
return the map settings for a particular file tab, or even all map settings, back to the original factory defaults.
‘Marine’ settings are used with optional MapSource BlueChart,
Waterways & Lights or Fishing HotSpots data.
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From the Map tab of the Main Menu, the following options are available by pressing the MENU key:
Main Pages
Map Tab Options
• Restore Defaults
• All Map Defaults
• Data Card Information
To restore the original factory map settings:
1. From the Map tab of the Main Menu, highlight the desired tab at the top of the page (to restore settings just for one tab) and press MENU.
2. Highlight ‘Defaults’ or ‘All Map Defaults’, as desired, and press ENTER. ‘All Map Defaults’ will restore
all the map settings to the original factory settings.
From any ‘Map’ tab, press MENU to display the
Map tab options.
You can review a list of the MapSource maps stored on an optional data card using the ‘Data Card
Information’ option. This option also allows you to turn individual maps on or off. A box appears to
the immediate left of each map name (directly under ‘Show’). When the box is checked, the designated
MapSource data will appear on the map—at the appropriate scales and when within the boundaries of
that map’s area. You will find this useful when loading several maps for the same area (for example, a
MetroGuide road map and a topographic map) as the GPSMAP 196 will only display one map at a time
for a given area based upon its own internal priority scheme.
To review/change data card information:
1. From the Map tab of the Main Menu, press MENU, highlight ‘Data Card Information’ and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list of map coverage areas available. Those with a
check mark in the box to the left of the name are selected to be displayed on the Map page.
3. To select/deselect a map for display, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the box next to the
desired map, and press ENTER to check/uncheck the box, OR...
Press MENU and select one of the options (‘Show All’, ‘Show None’, or ‘Show <MapSource product
name>’), and press ENTER.
Select ‘Data Card Information’ to list the MapSource maps
available on an optional data card. The data for maps that are
checked (‘Show’) will appear on the map display.
4. To view additional details about a map, highlight the map name and press ENTER. Highlight ‘OK’ or
‘Map List’, and press ENTER to return to the map list.
5. Press QUIT when finished to return to the Map tab of the Main Menu.
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Destination
Waypoint
Rotating Compass
Card
Desired Course
Pointer
Bug Indicator
Main Pages
HSI Page (Aviation Mode)
To/From Flag
User-selectable
Data Fields
Course Deviation
Needle
The HSI Page appears only when the GPSMAP 196 is in Aviation Mode (see page 7). The graphic
HSI depicts the desired course to the destination waypoint (or the next waypoint in a route), current
ground track, off course error and a TO/FROM indication. The rotating compass card indicates your
current ground track at the top of the page. The desired course pointer and course deviation needle
indicate the desired course and whether or not you’re on the desired course. A bug indicator provides
course to steer (CTS) information, guiding you back to the desired course should you stray off course.
The course deviation scale appears behind the course deviation needle. If you move off course, the
needle will indicate how far off course you are, left or right, based upon its placement along the course
deviation scale. To get back on course and center the needle, simply steer toward the needle. The course
deviation scale setting is adjustable for ±0.25, 1.25 or 5.0 (nautical mile/statute mile/kilometer) full
scale deflection. The default setting is 1.25, which represents the distance from the center of the CDI to
full left or right limits.
As you reach your destination, a TO/FROM indicator at the center of the HSI will indicate waypoint
passage. By default, four user-selectable data fields appear along the right-hand side of the page showing: distance and time to next waypoint, current speed and turn direction. Each data field may be
configured to display any one of 40 data options, or you can display ten data fields with smaller text
in each field (using the HSI Page Options). The default data terms and all optional data selections are
described in Appendix D.
What is it?
The HSI and Panel Pages display a graphic Horizontal Situation
Indicator, similar to a mechanical instrument found in many aircraft. The graphic HSI appears in Aviation Mode and is replaced
with a graphic RMI in Land and Water modes.
How does it work?
The graphic HSI consists of several elements:
• a rotating compass card that depicts your ground track at the
top of the page.
• a pointer that indicates the course heading to your destination.
• a course deviation needle and deviation scale that indicates
how far left or right of the intended course you are.
• a TO/FROM flag which indicates waypoint passage.
• a ‘Bug’ reference along the outer edge of the compass card that
has selectable functions.
NOTE: One key difference between a mechanical HSI and what
appears on the graphic HSI is the interpretation of the rotating
compass card. On the graphic HSI the top of the compass card
depicts your ground track. On a mechanical instrument the
compass card depicts aircraft heading. In a crosswind, these two
references will be different.
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Main Pages
HSI Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 196 are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
that specifically relate to that page. The data fields along the right side of the display provide a userselectable layout of various types of useful data. Each data field may be configured to display any one of
several data options. The data window layout may also be customized to change the number and size
of data fields displayed, or to display a Panel Page layout. The GPSMAP 196’s HSI Page options menu
provides access to functions and features relating to the HSI Page and options for layout of the page.
To display the HSI Page options, press MENU (with the HSI Page displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
With the HSI Page displayed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD, then
ENTER to select the desired option.
• Set OBS and Hold
• Release Hold
• Set Bug Indicator
• VNAV Indicator Off/On
• Capture VNAV Profile
• Set CDI Scale
• Setup Page Layout
• Change Data Fields
• Set OBS and Hold— allows you to manually define the course to your destination waypoint. Once
selected, the GPSMAP 196 will use the OBS course setting for steering guidance with the course deviation needle and desired course pointer.
)
When using the GPSMAP 196’s route features, ‘Set OBS and Hold’ will prevent the unit
from automatically sequencing to the next route waypoint. To maintain the OBS course
and retain automatic sequencing, you must also select the ‘Release Hold’ option.
When ‘Set OBS and Hold’ is selected, a pop-up window appears
allowing you to enter the desired OBS course heading.
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To manually set a course to the destination waypoint:
1. Highlight ‘Set OBS and Hold’ option and press ENTER. An OBS data field will appear on the HSI
display. (Keep in mind, you must have a destination waypoint selected using a ‘GOTO’ or a route.)
2. Select the desired OBS course using the LEFT/RIGHT keys on the ARROW KEYPAD and press
ENTER. The course deviation needle and desired course pointer will now provide steering guidance
to the selected course.
Main Pages
HSI Page Options
To cancel the OBS course and reset a direct course to the waypoint, press DIRECT TO
followed by ENTER (or re-activate the route).
• Release Hold— cancels the ‘hold’ feature enabled when ‘Set OBS and Hold’ is selected. This option
returns the GPSMAP 196 to automatic sequencing of waypoints along the active route. However, if an
OBS course has been selected, that course setting will be retained until cancelled (as described above)
or until waypoint passage.
To release a waypoint hold and return to automatic sequencing of route waypoints,
highlight the ‘Release Hold’ option and press ENTER.
• Set Bug Indicator— allows you to define the use of the bug indicator, which appears as a gray
marker along the outside edge of the rotating compass card, or turn it off. By default, the bug indicator
shows course to steer (CTS), but can also show bearing (BRG) to waypoint or be ‘User Selected’. The
‘User Selected’ option allows you to mark a heading reference on the graphic HSI. This provides a visual
cue of an important heading for current or future use.
‘Release Hold’ appears as an option after the ‘Set OBS and Hold’
option is selected and an OBS course is set.
To select a bug heading function:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Set Bug Indicator’ option and press ENTER.
2. Select the desired bug heading function—’User Selected’, ‘Bearing’, ‘Course to Steer’ or ‘Off’—and
press ENTER.
To set a user-defined bug heading reference:
1. Use the steps above and choose the ‘User Selected’ function. A window will appear at the center of
the HSI, showing the current bug heading.
2. Select the desired heading reference using the LEFT/RIGHT portion of the ARROW KEYPAD and
press ENTER. The bug indicator will remain fixed on the selected heading until a new bug heading is
chosen.
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‘Set Bug Indicator’ allows you to define the function of the bug
appearing along the HSI perimeter. The default function is
‘Course to Steer’.
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Main Pages
• VNAV Indicator Off (On)— allows you to disable/enable the vertical navigation indicator (horizontal line) on the graphic HSI. If the VNAV indicator is disabled, ‘VNAV Indicator On’ will appear as an
HSI Page Option instead. (See page 86 for more information on vertical navigation.)
HSI Page Options
• Capture VNAV Profile— is used to center/re-center the VNAV indicator on the graphic HSI. To utilize
this feature, a GOTO or route must be in use and a valid vertical navigation profile must be entered on
the vertical navigation setup page. (See page 86 for more information on vertical navigation.)
• Cancel Capture— is used to return the VNAV indicator to the settings originally entered on the
vertical navigation setup page. (See page 86 for more information on vertical navigation.)
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to configure the HSI page layout to your preferences. You can select
one column of four large-text data fields, two columns with ten smaller text data fields or replace the
HSI Page completely with the Panel Page.
To select an HSI Page layout:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Setup Page Layout’ option and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired layout—’1 Column’, ‘2 Columns’ or ‘Panel’—and
press ENTER.
The VNAV indicator is a horizontal line which appears on the HSI
and is used to guide you on a VNAV profile (descent).
The Panel Page displays GPS-derived data in a graphical format, similar to an instrument panel.
Keep in mind the differences between this page and your mechanical instruments, as your mechanical
panel instruments use sensors which will provide information different from that derived using GPS.
The Panel Page also displays a graphic HSI, but it is surrounded by additional indicators (in clockwise
order from top left) for ground speed, distance to destination, altitude, digital altitude, vertical speed,
time to next waypoint, rate of turn, and digital ground speed.
Altitude Reading
Ground Speed
Reading
Rate of Turn
Information
Vertical Speed
Reading
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• Set CDI Scale— sets the full scale limits of the course deviation scale and needle. The default setting is ±1.25 (nautical mile/statute mile/kilometer), but can also be set to ±0.25 or ±5.0 ranges. The
current setting is always displayed at the lower right corner of the graphic HSI (on the HSI and Panel
Pages).
To change the CDI Scale:
1. With the HSI (or Panel Page) displayed, press MENU to display the HSI Page Options.
Main Pages
HSI Page Options
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Set CDI Scale’ option and press ENTER. A window will
appear at the center of the HSI, showing the current scale setting.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired scale and press ENTER.
)
The IN and OUT zoom keys may also be used to adjust CDI scale when no map is displayed.
• Change Data Fields— allows you to choose the data types displayed on the four or ten data fields
appearing along the right-hand side of the HSI Page. (Panel Page data cannot be changed.) There are
over forty different data options including: altitude, bearing, course, distance, ETA, ETE, speed, track
and a pointer. You can review the complete list on the GPSMAP 196, and refer to Appendix D for
definitions of each data field term.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to display a list of available data types.
To change a data field:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press ENTER.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move up or down on the list using the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display,
and press ENTER to select. To exit, press QUIT.
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Main Pages
RMI Page (Land/Water Mode)
What is it?
The RMI Page displays a graphic Radio Magnetic Indicator (or,
bearing indicator), similar to a mechanical instrument found in
many aircraft. The graphic RMI only appears in Land and Water
modes and is replaced with a graphic HSI in Aviation Mode.
How does it work?
The graphic RMI consists of two elements:
• a rotating compass card that depicts your ground track at the
top of the page.
• a pointer that indicates the bearing to your destination.
The graphic RMI differs from the graphic HSI in the function of the
pointer. Recall that the pointer for the HSI indicates the intended
course and stays fixed on this course heading. The pointer for the
RMI indicates the bearing to your destination, from your current
position, and constantly updates as your position changes. In this
manner, it operates similar to an ADF instrument in an aircraft.
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Driving
Instructions
Rotating Compass
Card
User-selectable
Data Fields
Bearing Pointer
The RMI Page appears only when the GPSMAP 196 is in Land or Water modes (see page 7), and
replaces the HSI Page in the main page sequence. Whenever a ‘Goto’ or route has been activated, the
graphic RMI indicates bearing to the destination waypoint (or the next waypoint in a route) using a
‘bearing pointer’. The rotating compass card indicates your current ground track at the top of the page.
The compass ring and pointer arrow work independently to show, at a glance, the direction of your
movement and the direction to your destination. For instance, if the arrow points up, you are going
directly to the waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up, turn toward the arrow until it
points up, then continue in that direction. As you reach your destination, the bearing pointer will swing
from top to bottom to indicate waypoint passage.
The RMI Page changes slightly between Land and Water modes. In Land mode, the graphic RMI
is slightly smaller to accommodate turn instructions at the top of the page. When using optional
MapSource MetroGuide or City Select data in Land Mode, the GPSMAP 196 can provide automatic
turn-by-turn instructions. The distance, direction and name of the next turn will appear at the top of
the page, directly above the graphic RMI. In Water Mode, this text area indicates the name of the next
waypoint in a ‘Goto’ or route.
By default, four user-selectable data fields appear along the right-hand side of the page showing:
distance and time to next waypoint, current ground speed and time of arrival at destination. Each data
field may be configured to display any one of over forty data options, or you can display ten smaller text
data fields, using the RMI Page Options.
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Much like the HSI Page, the RMI Page has an options menu, allowing you to custom tailor the RMI
Page to your preferences and/or select special features which specifically relate to the RMI Page. The
RMI Page Options are a subset of the HSI Page Options described on page 24.
Main Pages
To display the RMI Page Options, press MENU (with the RMI Page displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
RMI Page Options
The following options are available:
• Setup Page Layout
• Change Data Fields
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to configure the RMI page layout to your preferences. You can
select one column of four large-text data fields, two columns with eight smaller text data fields or
replace the RMI Page completely with the Panel Page (described on page 26).
To select an RMI Page layout:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Setup Page Layout’ option and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired layout—’1 Column’, ‘2 Columns’ or ‘Panel’—and
press ENTER.
• Change Data Fields— allows you to choose the data types displayed on the five or ten data fields
appearing along the right-hand side of the HSI Page. (Panel Page data cannot be changed.) There are
over forty different data options including: altitude, bearing, course, distance, ETA, ETE, speed, track
and a pointer. You can review the complete list on the GPSMAP 196, and refer to Appendix D for
definitions of each data field term.
With the RMI Page displayed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD, then
ENTER to select the desired option.
To change a data field:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press ENTER.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move up or down on the list using the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display,
and press ENTER to select. To exit, press QUIT.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to diplay a list of available data types.
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Route Name
Main Pages
Current Destination
Active Route Page
(Aviation and Water Modes)
What is it?
The Active Route Page lists the sequence of waypoints (by name or
identifier) in the ‘Goto’ or route currently being used for navigation, along with additional flight plan information.
How does it work?
The waypoints are listed in the same sequence as you will fly the
route. The current destination is identified by an arrow symbol
along the extreme left-hand side of the page. Three data field
columns display additional route information. The last column
can be used to quickly review all route information using the
LEFT/RIGHT portion of the ARROW KEYPAD.
List of Route
Waypoints
User-selectable
Data Fields
Selectable Data Field
(using Arrow Keypad)
Route Totals
Whenever you have activated a ‘Goto’, route or TracBack, the Active Route page will show each
waypoint (by name) of the active route, along with desired course, distance and time enroute (default
selections). As you navigate the route, the information on the Active Route Page will automatically
update to indicate the current destination waypoint, any remaining interim waypoints and the final
destination waypoint.
The three data field columns following the route waypoint names are user-selectable to display the
information you desire. There are ten different data items available, including Course, Distance to next
waypoint (from present position), ETA, ETE and Fuel requirements. The first two columns are selectable using the Active Route Page Options and the third column provides quick access to all data options
using the ARROW KEYPAD. In practical use, you will find it best to select the two data options most
needed in the first two columns and use the third column to review all available data. This is especially
beneficial for flight planning purposes.
From the Active Route Page, you can change the name of the active route, review information on a
route waypoint, edit the route, or bypass route waypoints and GOTO any waypoint in the route.
To change the name of the active route:
Reviewing database information from the Active Route Page is a
quick, convenient way to retrieve airport, runway, communication
and approach information for the destination airport. Once you
have reviewed the desired information, pressing QUIT a few times
30 will quickly return you to the Map or HSI pages.
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1. With the Active Route Page displayed, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the active route name
field, at the top of the page, and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired route name. Use the UP/DOWN portion to select the
desired character and RIGHT to move to the next character field.
3. Press ENTER once you have entered all characters for the desired route name.
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To review database information for a waypoint in the active route:
1. With the Active Route Page displayed, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight any listed waypoint
and press ENTER.
2. The waypoint information pages will appear. For airports, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
‘AVIATION’, ‘RUNWAY’, ‘COMM’ or ‘APPROACH’ file tabs, as desired.
3. To return to the Active Route Page, press QUIT.
Main Pages
Active Route Page
To edit the active route:
1. With the Active Route Page displayed, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the route waypoint you
wish to remove—or the waypoint in front of which you will insert a new route waypoint—and press
MENU to display the Active Route Page Options.
2. To insert a new waypoint in front of the selected waypoint: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
‘Insert Waypoint’ and press ENTER to display the waypoint information pages. Select the identifier,
facility name or city name field (as appropriate) and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
select the new waypoint—UP/DOWN to select the highlighted character and RIGHT to move to the
next character field—and press ENTER once all characters for the new waypoint have been entered.
With the on-screen ‘OK’ button highlighted, press ENTER.
3. To remove the selected route waypoint: Highlight ‘Remove Waypoint’ and press ENTER.
To skip ahead and bypass a waypoint(s) in the active route:
With a waypoint on the Active Route Page highlighted, press
ENTER to view waypoint information or press DIRECT TO,
then ENTER to skip ahead to the waypoint.
1. With the Active Route Page displayed, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the new destination
waypoint.
2. Press DIRECT TO, then ENTER to set a course directly to the designated waypoint. OR,
2. Press DIRECT TO twice to activate the route leg to the designated waypoint. Select ‘Yes’ in the popup window and press ENTER.
)
Selecting an active route waypoint as a ‘GOTO’ destination is referred to as an
“on route GOTO”. Once you reach the GOTO destination, the GPSMAP 196 will automatically revert back to the active route and navigate to any remaining waypoints which occur
in the route after the selected GOTO destination. (This differs from an “off route GOTO”
where there are no additional waypoints available once the GOTO destination is reached.)
Select ‘Remove Waypoint’ to remove the highlighted waypoint
from the Active Route.
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Main Pages
Active Route Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 196 are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Active Route Page Options, press MENU (with the Active Route Page
displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
With the Active Route Page displayed, press MENU to display
context-sensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
• Deactivate
• Edit on Map
• Insert Waypoint
• Remove Waypoint
• Invert
• Select Approach
• Remove Approach
• Vectors / Cancel Vectors
• Set Fuel Flow
• Change Data Fields
• Deactivate— cancels navigation of the ‘Goto’ or route you are currently using.
• Edit on Map— displays the active route on a map display. The active route may be edited directly
from the map display using this option.
To display/edit the active route on a map:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Show Map’ and press ENTER. The map display will appear,
centered on the next destination waypoint in the route.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD and IN/OUT Zoom keys to pan the map and display the desired detail.
3. To review the database information for an active route waypoint: Place the panning pointer on the
desired route waypoint and press ENTER. Press ENTER again to return to the map display.
32
To review or remove a route waypoint, start by placing the
panning pointer on it.
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4. To remove a waypoint from the active route: Place the panning pointer on the desired route waypoint
and press MENU. From the pop-up window, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Remove’ and
press ENTER.
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5. To add a waypoint to the active route: Place the panning pointer on the route leg where the new
waypoint will be added. Notice that when the pointer is on a route leg, the route leg changes to a
dashed line. Press ENTER to activate a “rubber band” line for the selected route. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD to highlight the new route waypoint and press ENTER. (If no waypoint exists at the pointer
location, a new user waypoint will be created and added to the active route. You can also use the
‘Add’ menu option to add waypoints to the beginning or end of the active route.)
6. To move a user waypoint in the active route: Place the panning pointer on the desired route waypoint
and press MENU. From the pop-up window, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Move’ and press
ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the new location for the waypoint and press ENTER.
Main Pages
Active Route Page Options
• Add Waypoint— allows you to insert a new waypoint in front of the highlighted waypoint in the
Active Route (see instructions on page 31).
• Remove Wapoint— deletes the highlighted waypoint in the Active Route (see instructions on page
31).
• Invert— reactivates the current route in reverse order and navigates from the end waypoint back to
the beginning waypoint.
To invert the active route:
1. With the Active Route Page displayed, press MENU to display the Active Route Page Options.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Invert’ and press ENTER.
To insert a new route waypoint, place the panning pointer on the
desired leg and press ENTER. The route leg is now a “rubber
band” and you can move the route line to the new point.
Select ‘Invert’ to reverse the order of waypoints in the route.
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Main Pages
Active Route Page Options
• Select Approach— allows you to select the final course segment of a published approach, replacing
the final destination airport (in a GOTO or route) with the sequence of waypoints for the selected
approach. The approaches provide only the final course segment, usually from final approach fix
(FAF) to missed approach point (MAP), and are based on existing GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer or
ILS approach procedures. Regardless of what type of approach it’s based upon, the procedure is flown
as a sequence of waypoints in the route. In order to select an approach and add the waypoints to the
route, the final destination in the ‘Goto’ or route must be an airport with a published approach.
To add an approach for the destination airport to the active route:
1. Create and activate a ‘Goto’ or route which ends at an airport with a published approach.
2. With the Active Route Page displayed, press MENU to display the Active Route Page Options.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Select Approach’ and press ENTER. A pop-up window will
appear listing the available approaches for the destination airport.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired approach and press ENTER. A second pop-up
window will appear, asking if you want to activate ‘Vectors?’ (i.e., vectors-to-final; see the ‘Vectors’
option on the following page).
Choosing ‘Select Approach’ will display a list of published
approaches for the final destination airport.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the on-screen ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ button, as desired, and press ENTER.
)
In some situations you may wish to load the approach while still some distance away,
enroute to the destination airport. Select ‘No’ in step 5 above and you can later select
‘Vectors’ (described on the following page) to activate the final approach course.
• Remove Approach— removes the approach waypoints from a ‘Goto’ or route, replacing them with
the corresponding airport waypoint (which is normally the center of the airfield).
To remove an approach from the active route, replacing it with the corresponding
airport waypoint:
1. With the Active Route Page displayed, press MENU to display the Active Route Page Options.
Once an approach is selected, a second pop-up window will ask
if you want vectors-to-final. This creates an extension of the final
course segment.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Remove Approach’ and press ENTER.
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• Vectors— activates the final course segment of a published approach (after using ‘Select Approach’
option described on the previous page), guiding you to intercept the final course prior to the first
approach waypoint in the database (typically the final approach fix [FAF]). With ‘Vectors’ selected,
the course deviation needle on the graphic HSI will remain off center until you’re established on the
final approach course. The Map Page will display an extension of the final approach course using a
bold dashed line. On the Active Route Page, a ‘Vector to Final’ symbol will appear adjacent to the
first approach waypoint.
Main Pages
Active Route Page Options
To activate the final approach course for an approach in the active route, use the
ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Vectors’ and press ENTER.
To cancel the vectors to final option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Cancel Vectors’ and press ENTER.
• Set Fuel Flow— allows you to enter a fuel flow figure, which the GPSMAP 196 uses to calculate and
display the fuel required for each leg of the active route.
To enter a fuel flow figure:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Set Fuel Flow’ and press ENTER. A pop-up window will
appear, allowing you to enter a per-hour fuel flow figure.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the fuel flow rate—UP/DOWN to change the highlighted character and RIGHT to move to the next character—then press ENTER.
)
When ‘Vectors’ is selected, a vectors-to-final symbol appears next
to the first approach waypoint.
The units of measure for fuel flow (gallons or liters) are not included on the GPSMAP 196,
since they are not required for calculations. Keep in mind the units from which the original
flow rate figure was derived as you view the calculated fuel requirements figures.
Select ‘Set Fuel Flow’ to enter a fuel flow rate. This figure is used
to calculate fuel requirements for the active route.
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Main Pages
Active Route Page Options
• Change Data Fields— allows you to choose the data types displayed on the two columns in the
middle of the Active Route Page. (Recall that the data type for the column along the right hand side
of the screen is changed using the ARROW KEYPAD.) There are ten different data options including:
altitude, bearing, course, distance, ETA, ETE, speed, track and a pointer. You can review the complete
list on the GPSMAP 196, and refer to Appendix D for definitions of each data field term.
To change a data field
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press ENTER.
2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move up or down on the list using the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display,
and press ENTER to select. To exit, press QUIT.
• Restore Default— resets the two data columns in the middle of the Active Route Page to the original
factory settings.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to display a list of available data types.
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Turn Direction
Time to Next Turn
Main Pages
Turn Instructions
Distance to Turn
Current Route Page (Land Mode)
Final Destination
Information
Scroll Bar
When operating in Land Mode with a destination selected, the Active Route Page is replaced by the
Current Route Page. The Current Route Page shows an arrow indicating the direction of each turn in a
route, along with driving instructions, cumulative distance and time to each turn. When there are more
turns than can be displayed on a single screen, use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to
scroll through the list. You can also scroll through this list and display a map of each turn location.
To display a detail map for a current route turn:
What is it?
The Current Route Page appears ONLY in Land Mode and displays information for each upcoming turn in your driving route.
How does it work?
Graphic arrows next to each turn indicate turn direction. A text
description for each turn is provided, along with distance and time
to each turn. This distance and time information is cumulative
from your present position. If the list of turns fills the page, use
the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the entire list. As you’re
scrolling through the list, use the ENTER key to display a detail
map for any selected turn.
1. With the Current Route Page displayed, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired turn and
press ENTER.
2. The turn detail map indicates current speed, distance and time to the turn. To return to the Current
Route Page, press ENTER.
As you are driving along the route, the NRST key can be used from any page to quickly retrieve
the detail map for the next turn. This next turn detail map will remain on the screen for approximately
fifteen seconds, or you can press QUIT to return to the previous page.
The Next Turn Page appears immediately prior to reaching
each turn.
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Main Pages
Current Route Page Options
Many features of the GPSMAP 196 are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Current Route Page Options, press MENU (with the Current Route Page
displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
• Stop Navigation
• Detour
• Recalculate
• Save Route
• Show Arrival Times / Show Times to Go
• Stop Navigation— cancels navigation of the current route.
With the Current Route Page displayed, press MENU to
display context-sensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
• Detour— calculates an alternate route for the specified distance ahead.
To calculate a detour, select the ‘Detour’ option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the
detour distance (portion of the route ahead you wish to avoid) and press ENTER.
• Recalculate— recalculates the route from your current position. Use this option if you have strayed
off course and need an updated route.
• Save Route— adds the route to the Saved Route List.
• Show Arrival Times— display time of arrival along the right-hand side (instead of time to). When
arrival times are being displayed, ‘Show Times to Go’ appears as an option instead.
When encountering road construction, heavy traffic or emergency
vehicles, use the ‘Detour’ option to find an alternate route.
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Track (direction
of travel)
Current Position
Current Time/Date
Time To Next Turn
Main Pages
User-selectable
Data Fields
Battery Level
Indicator
The last main page is the Position Page, which shows current time/date, where you are, what
direction you are heading, and how fast you are going. This page also provides several trip computer
functions, such as average speed, maximum speed, a trip timer and a trip odometer. At the bottom left
corner of the page is a battery level indicator. When using external power, the battery level indicator
disappears and the battery icon (extreme bottom left corner of the page) is replaced by an external
power icon.
The graphic heading display at the top of the page indicates the direction you’re heading (or ground
track) only while you’re moving. Directly below the graphic heading display are present position and
time readouts. By default, your position is displayed using latitude and longitude, in degrees and decimal minutes. Other position format options are available as described on page 94. The current time is
displayed in local or UTC (coordinated universal time or “zulu”). To switch between local and UTC time
displays see page 93.
Position Page
What is it?
The Position Page displays a compass-like heading indicator, present position, current time, battery level and trip computer data.
How does it work?
The heading indicator scrolls left/right to indicate your current
ground track. Present position is displayed in the position format of
your choice, with a default setting of latitude/longitude in degrees
and decimal minutes. Current time can be displayed in local or
zulu (UTC) time. Battery level is indicated at the bottom left
corner of the page, and disappears when using external power.
Trip computer functions include average speed, maximum speed, a
trip timer and a trip odometer. These readings are individually and
collectively resettable from the options menu.
Along the right-hand side of the page are ten user-selectable data fields which include the following
information: time to next waypoint, average speed, trip odometer, trip timer, and sunrise/sunset times
for the current date & position. There are 40 available data items that can be displayed on the Position
Page. To select a different data item to display on any data field see the following page and refer to
Appendix D for definitions of available data items.
You may also choose to show fewer data fields in large text for better readability. Options for one
column of larger text fields or four very large fields covering the entire page are provided. Refer to the
page layout option described on the following page.
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The battery icon is replaced by a power plug icon when using
external power, and the battery level indicator disappears.
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Main Pages
Many features of the GPSMAP 196 are menu driven. Each of the main pages has an options menu,
allowing you to custom tailor the corresponding page to your preferences and/or select special features
which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Position Page Options, press MENU (with the Position Page displayed).
Position Page Options
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
With the Position Page displayed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD, then
ENTER to select the desired option.
• Setup Page Layout
• Change Data Fields
• Reset Trip
• Reset Max Speed
• Reset Odometer
• Reset All
• Setup Page Layout— allows you to configure the Position Page layout to your preferences. You
can select one column of four large-text data fields, two columns with ten smaller text data fields or
replace the entire page with four very large text data fields.
To select an Position Page layout:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Setup Page Layout’ option and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired layout—’1 Column’, ‘2 Columns’ or ‘4 Big Fields’—
and press ENTER.
• Change Data Fields— allows you to choose the data types displayed in the columns on the righthand side of the Position Page. There are 40 different data options including: altitude, bearing, course,
distance, a flight timer, a fuel timer, speed, track and a pointer. You can review the complete list on
the GPSMAP 196, and refer to Appendix D for definitions of each data field term.
To change a data field
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Change Data Fields’ option and press ENTER.
One ‘Setup Page Layout’ option for the Position Page is a big
number display of four data items.
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2. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change and press ENTER.
3. Move up or down on the list using the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the data you want to display,
and press ENTER to select. To exit, press QUIT.
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• Reset Trip— clears the trip odometer, trip timers and trip average speed readouts.
To reset the trip computer readouts, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Reset Trip’
and press ENTER.
Main Pages
• Reset Max Speed— clears the maximum speed readout.
To reset the maximum speed readout, highlight ‘Reset Max Speed’ and press ENTER.
Position Page Options
• Reset Odometer— clears the odometer readout.
To reset the odometer readout, highlight ‘Reset Odometer’ and press ENTER.
• Reset All— clears all trip computer, maximum speed and odometer readouts.
To reset all trip computer/maximum speed/odometer readouts, use the ARROW
KEYPAD to highlight ‘Reset All’ and press ENTER.
• Restore Default— resets all data fields to the factory default settings.
To restore the factory default settings, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Restore
Default’ and press ENTER.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to display a list of available data types.
Select ‘Reset All’ to reset all trip computer, mamimum speed and
odometer readouts.
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Direct To ( D
)
Waypoint Categories
Using the Direct To Key
The DIRECT TO key operates in the same fashion in Aviation,
Land and Water modes. Pressing the DIRECT TO key displays
the Goto Page, which allows you to select an airport or navaid, a
recently (previously) used waypoint, or a user-created waypoint as
your destination.
When a ‘Goto’ or route is currently in use, holding the
DIRECT TO key down briefly displays a detailed information
page for the current destination.
IMPORTANT: When selecting airports, please note that the
GPSMAP 196 uses International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO) identifiers to designate airports. This means some threecharacter identifiers may be different from what you are used to.
In the contiguous United States, the prefix letter “K” is used for
ALL airports with a three letter identifier. Therefore, airports such
as “JFK” become “KJFK”. This DOES NOT apply to airports with
letter and number identifiers. Airports such as “H41” and “4M1”
do not use the “K” prefix.
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The GPSMAP 196 includes an internal Jeppesen® database, additional memory for up to 1000 usercreated waypoints and accepts optional memory cards to display MapSource data. The Jeppesen database provides position and facility information for thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs and intersections.
Each facility in the database is stored as a ‘waypoint’, with its own latitude/longitude location, identifier
(up to six letters and/or numbers) and other pertinent information. Updates to the Jeppesen database
are available every 28 days online (www.garmin.com). The update program is designed to operate on
Windows®-compatible PCs and requires the included PC Interface Cable to connect your GPSMAP 196
to the PC’s serial communications port.
The following information is provided from the internal Jeppesen database:
• Airports— identifier, facility name, city/state/country, position (latitude/longitude), field elevation, available fuel types, runway designations/layout, runway surface(s), runway length(s),
runway width(s), runway lighting, communication frequencies and published approaches.
• VORs— identifier, facility name, city/state/country, position (latitude/longitude), frequency and
co-located weather, DME or TACAN availability.
• NDBs— identifier, facility name, city/state/country, position (latitude/longitude), frequency and
co-located weather broadcast availability.
• Intersections— identifier, nearest VOR, radial and distance from nearest VOR, position (latitude/
longitude) and region/country.
Any user-created waypoints will include the following information:
• User Waypoints— name (up to ten characters in length), symbol, position (latitude/longitude),
elevation and comment.
Optional memory cards and MapSource CD-ROMs enhance the versatility of your GPSMAP
196—providing automatic route calculation capability and allowing you to display additional street
detail, topographic maps, highway exit information and points of interest. With optional MapSource
City Select or MetroGuide data, you can view listings of nearby restaurants, lodging, shopping centers,
attractions and entertainment, and even retrieve addresses and phone numbers for any listed location.
The same PC Interface Cable, mentioned above for database updates, is required to transfer MapSource
CD-ROM data to the optional memory card.
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To select an airport or navaid as a GOTO destination:
1. Press the DIRECT TO key to display the Goto Page.
2. Use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to select the identifier, facility name or city field
(in that order; identifier only for intersections) and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the identifier, facility name or city—UP/DOWN to select the highlighted character and RIGHT to move to the next character field. As you scroll through the characters
the GPSMAP 196 will display any database entries with the same characters you have entered to that
point. (If more than one entry exists in the database for the characters you have entered, a duplicate
waypoint window will appear listing the country/region for each entry. Use the ENTER key and
ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired waypoint out of the duplicate list.)
Direct To ( D
)
Selecting a GOTO Destination
4. Press ENTER once the desired waypoint is displayed.
5. With the on-screen GOTO button highlighted, press ENTER. A course is plotted from your present
position to the selected destination waypoint.
)
In Land Mode, the GOTO line appearing on the map is constantly updated to your present
position. In Aviation (and Water) Mode, the GOTO line and navigation guidance are fixed,
with the ‘from’ point being the position where the GOTO was initiated.
Press the DIRECT TO key to display the Goto Page.
To select a recently used waypoint or user-created waypoint as a GOTO destination:
1. Press the DIRECT TO key to display the Goto Page.
2. Use the LEFT/RIGHT portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Recent’ or ‘User’ tab, as desired.
3. Use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint from the list.
(From the ‘User’ tab, you can also select the top waypoint name line and use the ENTER key and
ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired waypoint by spelling it out.)
4. Press ENTER once the desired waypoint is highlighted.
Use the ‘Recent’ tab to quickly retreive recently used airport,
navaid or waypoint locations without having to re-enter
the information. (Separate ‘Recent’ lists are saved for each
mode: Aviation, Land and Water.)
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Direct To ( D
)
The DIRECT TO key can also be used to retrieve detailed information for your destination waypoint
(or the next waypoint in a route). You will find this feature handy for retrieving navaid frequencies or airport information, such as communication frequencies, runway information, field elevation or available fuels.
To view the Jeppesen database information for a destination airport or navaid:
Jeppesen Database Information
The following available fuels will appear under the ‘Airport’ tab:
Av (Avgas, 80/87 octane, 100LL or 100-130), Jet (Jet A, Jet A-1 or
Jet A+) and Mo (Mogas or 87 octane unleaded).
Under the ‘Runway’ tab:
Runway surface types include: hard, turf, sealed, gravel, dirt, soft,
unknown and water.
Runway lighting types include: part time, full time, pilot-controlled
(with frequency), no lighting and unknown.
1. Press and hold DIRECT TO to display the waypoint information pages.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired file tab at the top of the page.
3. Use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through available frequencies on the
‘Comm’ file tab.
4. When viewing information for the ‘Runway’ or ‘Approach’ file tabs, use the ARROW KEYPAD to
highlight the runway designation or approach name and press ENTER. Then use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through available runways/approaches. Choose the runway or
approach you wish to see additional information for, and press ENTER to remove the list window.
The layout of the information pages will change based upon the type of waypoint selected. The
identifier will always appear at the top of the page and an on-screen ‘GOTO’ button will appear at the
bottom.
The following file tabs and information will appear for airports on the waypoint information pages:
• Airport— identifier, facility name, city/state/country, CTAF or tower frequency, available fuels,
field elevation and airport position (latitude/longitude).
• Comm— identifier, frequency and frequency type. Available frequency types are: ATIS, Pre-taxi,
Clearance, Ground, Tower, Unicom, Multicom, AWOS, ASOS, Departure, Approach, Arrival,
Class B, Class C, TMA, CTA and TRSA.
Press and hold the DIRECT TO key to display the detailed
waypoint information pages for your destination waypoint.
Then use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the tabs across the
top of the page.
• Runway— identifier, runway designations, runway layout (map), surface type, lighting, length,
width and airport position (lattitude/longitude).
• Approach— appears ONLY if the airport has a published approach. Shows identifier, approach
name, approach waypoints and airport position (lattitude/longitude). Available approach types
include ILS, localizer, RNAV, GPS, VOR, VOR/DME and NDB.
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As you view frequencies for various airports you will encounter some with an asterisk (*) immediately preceding the frequency. This denotes a frequency with usage restrictions. You can display the
usage restriction information on your GPSMAP 196.
Direct To ( D
)
To view usage restrictions for a communication frequency:
1. With the ‘COMM’ tab selected, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight any frequency with usage
restrictions (as denoted by an asterisk) and press ENTER. A Usage Restrictions Page will appear
describing the restrictions for the selected frequency.
Jeppesen Database Information
2. To return to the ‘COMM’ information page press ENTER.
The DIRECT TO key is also useful for retrieving and using the final course segment of a published
approach. The ‘Select Approach’ option replaces a destination airport with the sequence of waypoints
for the selected approach. Keep in mind that the airport must have a published approach (GPS, RNAV,
VOR, NDB, localizer or ILS) and only the final course segment (usually from final approach fix to
missed approach point) of the published approach is available in the GPSMAP 196.
To select and navigate an approach for the destination airport:
1. Press the DIRECT TO key to display the Goto Page. The current destination is already displayed on
the GOTO Page.
2. Press MENU to display the Goto Options.
Frequencies marked with an asterisk (*) include usage restrictions.
Select the frequency and press ENTER to view the restriction data.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Select Approach’ and press ENTER. A pop-up window will
appear listing the available approaches for the destination airport.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired approach and press ENTER.
5. A ‘Vectors?’ pop-up window appears. See the following page for more information on vectors-tofinal. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER. The GPSMAP 196 will
remove the destination airport from the ‘Goto’ and replace it with the approach waypoints.
)
When using a route, and on the final leg of the route to the destination airport, the ‘Select
Approach’ option allows you to quickly retrieve and select available approaches. This
option does not edit your route but, instead, overrides it. The original route is still available
for later use.
‘Select Approach’ allows you to retrieve a list of published
approaches for a Goto destination airport.
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Direct To ( D )
Direct To Options
Select ‘Yes’ here to use the vectors-to-final feature. This feature
creates an extension of the final course segment of the approach.
)
The approaches provided in the Jeppesen database are for monitoring purposes only. The
GPSMAP 196 is not an IFR-approved instrument and should not be used as a primary
source of navigation guidance in instrument conditions.
The ‘Vectors?’ option that appears at the last step of selecing an approach determines how you will
navigate to the first waypoint in the approach. If you select ‘Yes’, the GPSMAP 196 creates an extension
of the final course, beyond the first approach waypoint in the database (usually the final approach fix
[FAF]). The GPSMAP 196 will guide you to intercept the final course prior to the FAF. The course deviation needle on the graphic HSI will remain off-center until you are established on this final approach
course and the Map Page will display an extension of the final approach course using a bold dashed
line. On the Active Route Page, a ‘Vector to Final’ symbol will appear adjacent to the first approach
waypoint.
If ‘No’ is selected for the ‘Vectors?’ option, the GPSMAP 196 creates a straight-line course directly to
the first waypoint in the approach (from wherever you are when you initiate the approach). This works
much like any other route with course guidance from point-to-point and a turn usually required as you
cross each waypoint. Keep this in mind! If you select an approach and choose ‘No’ (to the ‘Vectors?’
option) from a location on the “back side” of the approach, a steep turn would be required as you reach
the first waypoint in the approach.
Direct To Options
As with each of the main pages, the Goto Page has an options menu, allowing you to select special
features which specifically relate to that page.
To display the Goto Page Options, press MENU (with the Goto Page displayed).
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
Once the approach and ‘Vectors’ option are selected, the Active
Route Page appears. Note the vectors-to-final icon appearing
next to the first approach waypoint.
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The following options are available:
• Show Details
• Select Approach
• Cancel Approach
• Cancel Vectors / Vectors
• Select Route
• Find Land Points
Direct To ( D
)
Direct To Options
• Show Details— provides the same waypoint information pages display by pressing and holding the
DIRECT TO key, and described on page 44. Use this feature to retrieve additional information for the
waypoint shown on the Goto Page, including navaid frequencies, airport communication frequencies,
runway information, field elevation and available fuels.
• Select Approach— allows you to select and navigate an approach for a destination airport, as
described on page 45. This option only appears in Aviation Mode and only when the airport shown
on the Goto Page has a published approach available.
• Cancel Approach— appears only when an approach has been selected. Allows you to cancel the
approach and return to the original ‘Goto’ or route destination.
• Cancel Vectors— appears only when ‘Yes’ is chosen on the ‘Vectors?’ pop-up menu and the GPSMAP
196 is guiding you with vectors-to-final (vectors to the final approach course). Cancels the vectors
option, but retains the approach. When using a route, ‘Cancel Vectors’ will return you to the route,
with the approach included (but a direct course to the first approach waypoint). When using a ‘Goto’,
‘Cancel Vectors’ reactivates the approach with a direct course from your present position to the first
approach waypoint.
Selecting ‘Show Details’ performs the same function as pressing
and holding DIRECT TO, showing additional waypoint details.
• Select Route— allows you to select a saved route and use it for navigation guidance (see page 64).
To select and navigate a saved route:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Select Route’ option and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired route from the list and press ENTER.
• Find Land Points— displays the same Find Menu as the NRST/FIND key (see page 54). Use this
option to retrieve information or navigate to cities, interstate highway exits, and optional MapSource
data (points of interest, street addresses, marine markers, etc.).
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‘Find Land Points’ retrieves the Find Menu. See page 54 for more
information on how to use this menu.
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MARK
In addition to its use for data entry, the ENTER key serves a secondary function which allows you
to capture your present position and save it as a user-created waypoint. In order to use this feature, your
GPSMAP 196 must be receiving a sufficient number of satellites to have a valid position fix.
To mark your present position and save as a user waypoint:
Marking Present Position
1. Press and hold the ENTER key for approximately two seconds. A New Waypoint Page will appear with
a pre-assigned name, symbol, position and elevation for the new waypoint.
Some applications of the MARK feature include aerial photography (mark the location in your car and navigate to it by air)
and saving locations while flying that you wish to return to by car
(such as a promising fishing spot or a golf course).
2. The GPSMAP 196 will automatically assign a three-digit number as the waypoint name, but you may
select any name you want, up to ten characters in length. To change the name, highlight the identifier
field, press ENTER and use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired waypoint name. Press ENTER
once all characters for the waypoint name have been entered.
3. To select a different waypoint symbol, which will appear on the map: Highlight the symbol field and
press ENTER. A list of available symbols will appear. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired
symbol and press ENTER.
4. To save the new waypoint, highlight the on-screen ‘OK’ button and press ENTER.
Highlight the position field and use the ARROW KEYPAD
to enter the desired position coordinates.
From the New Waypoint Page, press MENU to display New
Waypoint options. You can average positions to improve accuracy
or add the new waypoint to a saved route.
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The GPSMAP 196’s NRST/FIND key provides different information, depending upon the operating mode the unit is currently in. In Aviation Mode, it operates as a NRST key, providing detailed
information on the fifteen nearest airports, airport weather sources, VORs, NDBs, intersections and user
waypoints within 200 miles of your present position. Information regarding the five nearest FSS (flight
service station) and center (ARTCC) points of communication, along with associated frequency(s) is
available, as well. When an airspace alert is provided, the Nearest Pages will even provide additional
detail about the airspace.
In the Land or Water modes, this same key functions as a FIND key allowing you to search for
cities, highway exits and (with optional MapSource data) points of interest, street addresses/intersections, geographic points and tide stations. See page 54 for more information on FIND key operations.
The Nearest Pages are organized by a series of file tabs across the top of the page. The following
information is displayed on the Nearest Pages:
Airport
Wx
VOR
NDB
INT
User
ARTCC
FSS
Airspace
fifteen nearest with identifier, bearing to and distance, length of longest runway, and
common traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower frequency.
fifteen nearest airport weather information sources, including AWOS, ASOS and
ATIS.
fifteen nearest with identifier, facility type (symbol), bearing to and distance, frequency, and co-located weather broadcast availability.
fifteen nearest with identifier, facility type (symbol), bearing to and distance, frequency and co-located weather broadcast availability.
fifteen nearest with identifier, bearing to and distance.
fifteen nearest with name, bearing to and distance.
five nearest with bearing to, distance and frequency(s)
five nearest with bearing to, distance, frequency(s) and VOR (for duplex operations)
up to fifteen (depending on number of alerts provided) with name, time to entry
(when applicable) and status.
NRST/FIND
Nearest Pages (Aviation Mode)
In an emergency, a list of nearest airports is readily available by
pressing the NRST key.
The ‘Wx’ tab lists nearby airport-based weather information.
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To view the Nearest Pages (Aviation Mode):
NRST/FIND
Using Nearest Pages
1. Press the NRST key.
2. To select a different category, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired file tab along the top of
the page.
)
The nearest airports are displayed by selecting the leftmost tab at the top of the page,
titled ‘AIRPORT’. When an airspace alert is provided, pressing NRST will automatically display nearest airspace information. Press NRST a second time to quickly display the nearest
airports list. Press NRST a third time to display the Find Menu.
Additional information for airports, navaids and user-created waypoints is available from the
waypoint information pages.
To view additional information for a nearby airport, navaid or user waypoint:
In Aviation Mode, pressing the NRST key several times
will display the Find Menu. Use the Find Menu to find
ground-based reference points.
1. Display the nearest pages and select the desired file tab as described above.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint on the list and press ENTER. The corresponding waypoint information page will appear, showing additional waypoint information.
3. For airports, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the file tabs across the top of the waypoint information pages and display the desired airport data.
4. Highlight the on-screen ‘OK’ button and press ENTER to return to the Nearest Pages.
In an emergency, a few simple keystrokes can be used to guide you to the closest point to set down.
To select a nearby waypoint as your destination:
1. Display the nearest pages and select the desired file tab as described above.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint, press DIRECT TO, then press ENTER.
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight an airport on the nearest
list, then press ENTER to view additional airport information.
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From the nearest airport list, an options window allows you to filter out airports that don’t meet a
defined criteria. This allows you to weed out airports with an undesired surface type and/or insufficient
runway length. Pilots of larger, high-performance aircraft may define the nearest airport search to ignore
airports at which it would be difficult, if not impossible, to land.
The following runway surface settings are available:
NRST/FIND
Nearest Airport Criteria
• Any—displays any runway, regardless of surface type, including water landing facilities.
• Hard Only—displays only runways with a concrete, asphalt or similar sealed surface.
• Hard or Soft—displays all runways except water landing facilities.
• Water Only—display only water landing facilities.
To select the nearest airport criteria:
1. Display the nearest airports list by following the steps on the preceding page.
2. Press MENU to display an options window, then press ENTER. A pop-up window will appear with
the current settings for runway surface and minimum runway length.
Press MENU to display the ‘Set Airport Criteria’ option.
3. With the runway surface field highlighted, press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the
desired surface type and press ENTER.
4. Highlight the minimum runway length field and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select
the minimum acceptable runway length and press ENTER once all numbers have been entered.
)
Use caution when changing the nearest airport criteria. In an emergency, a short runway
is still typically preferable to an off-field landing. If you set the runway length too high or
exclude many runway surfaces, you may not be alerted to a nearby airport that otherwise
would be listed.
You can change the nearest airport criteria to eliminate airports at
which it would be difficult or impossible for you to land.
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NRST/FIND
Nearest FSS or ARTCC
The Nearest Pages list up to five nearest flight service station (FSS) and air route traffic control
center (ARTCC) points of communication. The closest communication point—along with frequency(s),
bearing to and distance—is displayed first, with additional points available when selected. For duplex
operation, the corresponding VOR is listed (by identifier) and the transmit and receive frequencies are
denoted by a ‘TX’ and ‘RX’ respectively.
To view additional communication frequencies:
1. Display the Nearest Pages by following the steps on page 50.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘ARTCC’ or ‘FSS’ file tab, as desired.
3. Use the DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘CENTER’ or ‘STATION’ field
(depending upon selection of ‘ARTCC’ or ‘FSS’ tab) and press ENTER.
4. Select the desired numbered item from the list and press ENTER to display the communication information. (The lowest numbers on the list are the closest communication points.)
Nearest Airspace Information
The ‘ARTCC’ tab displays the frequencies and usage restrictions for
up to five nearest air traffic control center points of commnication.
When an airspace alert is provided, pressing the NRST key automatically displays nearby airspace
information. This information includes name, time to entry (if applicable) and status. Normally, only
one or two airspace alerts will occur at a time, but with sectorized controlled airspace (such as many
Class B areas) you may have more.
Status information can appear as follows:
• Ahead—your projected course will take you inside an airspace within the next ten minutes or
less.
• Near—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace, but not projected to enter it.
• Near & Ahead—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace and your current course will
take you inside the airspace.
When airspace alerts occur, press NRST and select the ‘Airspace’
tab to view additional information.
• Inside Airspace—you are within the boundaries of the airspace.
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From the Nearest Pages you can display additional airspace information as well, such as floor and
ceiling limits or communication frequency(s).
To view additional airspace information:
1. Once an airspace alert had been provided, press NRST to display the Nearest Pages and the airspace
information. (If already viewing the Nearest Pages, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘AIRSPACE’ file tab.)
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired airspace alert entry on the page, then press ENTER.
An information page will indicate controlling agency, status and floor/ceiling limits.
3. To display a communication frequency for the airspace, select the on-screen ‘Frequencies’ button and
press ENTER.
4. To return to the Nearest Pages, select the on-screen ‘OK’ button and press ENTER.
NRST/FIND
Nearest Airspace Information
For even more airspace information, use the ARROW KEYPAD
to highlight the desired airspace (from the ‘Airspace’ tab) and
press ENTER.
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NRST/FIND
Find Menu (Land/Water Mode)
As mentioned previously, the GPSMAP 196’s NRST/FIND key provides different information,
depending upon the operating mode the unit is currently in. In the Land or Water modes, use the FIND
key to search for user-created waypoints, cities, highway exits or tide stations. In addition, if you are
using optional MapSource City Select or MetroGuide data, you can search for points of interest, street
addresses, street intersections (crossroads) and more. Your current location is normally used as the
reference point for the ‘Nearest’, ‘Distance’, and ‘Direction’ features. However, when panning on the Map
Page, the panning pointer is used as the reference point.
User-created waypoints, cities, points of interest, geographic points on the Find Menu can be viewed
in two formats, ‘By Name’ (a list of every item available for a category) or ‘Nearest’ (a list of only those
items for a category that are nearby). The ‘Nearest’ lists update continuously.
To Find user-created waypoints, points of interest, cities or geographic points:
1. Press the NRST/FIND key to display the Find Menu.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the find categories.
3. With the desired category selected, press ENTER.
The Find Menu allows you to search for restaurants, lodging,
addresses, interstate highway exits, cities, and more. Many items
can be retrieved by name or by nearest.
The Find Menu can be accessed in Aviation Mode by pressing the
NRST key several times, OR by using the following steps:
1. Press the DIRECT TO key.
2. Press MENU to display the Goto Options.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Find Land Points’ and
press ENTER.
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4. For points of interest or geographic points, additional menus will appear which allow you to refine
your search criteria. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through these menus and the ENTER key to
select the desired menu choices.
5. A list of waypoints for the selected category/criteria is displayed. At the top of this list are two file
tabs labeled ‘By Name’ and ‘Nearest’. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select between these two file
tabs. To find an item ‘By Name’, proceed to the following steps. To review an item on the ‘Nearest’
list, skip to the ‘Viewing Additional Information’ steps.
Finding an item ‘By Name’:
1. Verify that the ‘By Name’ tab is selected for the desired waypoint category, as described in step 5
above. The first line under the ‘By Name’ file tab is an editable field to enter the name of the desired
user waypoint, point of interest, city or geographic point. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight this
line and press ENTER to begin editing (entering) the waypoint name.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to spell out the desired waypoint name—UP/DOWN to select the
highlighted character, then RIGHT to move to the next character field. Continue this process until the
desired waypoint name is displayed, then press ENTER.
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Viewing additional information for waypoints, points of interest, cities or geographic
points:
1. Follow the steps on the preceding page to display the desired waypoint ‘By Name’ or ‘Nearest’.
2. Use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list of waypoints and
highlight the desired waypoint. (In many cases, when selecting cities or points of interest ‘By Name’
you may be presented with a list of duplicate items by the same name. Simply scroll through the list
to select the desired waypoint.)
NRST/FIND
Find Menu (Land/Water Mode)
3. Press ENTER to display additional information for the selected waypoint.
To navigate to a selected waypoint, point of interest, city or geographic point:
1. Follow the steps above to view additional information for the desired waypoint.
2. At the bottom right corner is an on-screen ‘Goto’ button. If necessary, use the ARROW KEYPAD to
highlight this button and press ENTER.
Finding Highway Exits
You can use the FIND key to locate a nearby exit on an interstate highway. Exits are listed only by
‘Nearest’. You can also search for exits on interstates other than the nearest one, nearest to a map pointer
position or nearest to your destination using an options menu.
To find a highway exit:
Once a list of nearby points is displayed, use the ARROW
KEYPAD to select the desired point and press ENTER for
additional information or to go to this point.
1. Press the FIND key, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Exits’ and press ENTER.
2. A menu will appear with a choice of exit types. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the type of
exits you wish to view, then press ENTER.
3. A list of the nearest exits ahead of you will be displayed. The title of the list indicates the interstate
which the exits are on. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list to select the desired exit.
4. Press ENTER to display the Exit Page for that exit. This page contains the exit description at the top
of the page and a list of services near that exit at the bottom. You can show the exit on the map or
save it as a waypoint.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight an item from the list of services, then press ENTER. A page
will appear, showing the type of services, its direction from the exit and a list of services available,
each marked by a check.
Built-in interstate highway exit data allows you to retrieve information on nearby exits, including available services.
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To find a highway exit on a different interstate, at the panning pointer position or
nearest to your destination waypoint:
NRST/FIND
1. Follow the steps on the previous page (steps 1 through 3) to display a list of nearest exits.
2. Press MENU to display an options menu.
Finding Highway Exits
3. To find exits on a different interstate, select ‘Nearest to Exit Road’ and press ENTER. Then use the
ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to select a different highway. (You do not need to enter the ‘I’ prefix
for an interstate highway, just the number. The ‘I’ prefix will appear automatically in the list.)
4. To find exits nearest to a map cursor position, select ‘Nearest to Other’ and press ENTER. Use the
ARROW KEYPAD to move the map pointer to the desired location and press ENTER.
5. To find exits nearest to your destination waypoint, select ‘Nearest to Next’ or ‘Nearest to Destination’
and press ENTER. Use ‘Nearest to Next’ to search for exits near the next destination waypoint in a
route.
)
Press MENU and select ‘Nearest to Exit Road’ to search for
nearby exits on another highway.
Use the ‘Select a Map’ option on this same options menu to search for exits using the
built-in basemap or using optional MapSource MetroGuide or City Select data.
Finding a Street Address or Crossroads
With optional MapSource MetroGuide or City Select data, your GPSMAP 196 can be used to find
street adresses or crossroads (street intersections).
To locate an address:
1. Press the FIND key, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Addresses’ (or ‘Crossroads’) and press
ENTER.
Enter a street number and name, then select the on-screen ‘Find’
button to search for the address. This feature requires optional
MapSource City Select or MetroGuide data.
2. In the first data field line you will enter the street number (or the first crossing street name). Use
the ARROW KEYPAD to spell out the desired street number (name)—UP/DOWN to select the
highlighted character, then RIGHT to move to the next character field. Continue this process until the
desired information is displayed, then press ENTER.
3. In the second data field line you will enter the street name (or the second crossing street name).
Again, use the ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to key in the desired information.
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4. The third and fourth data field lines are optional. In these fields, you can enter the city name and/or
postal code. Entering this information allows you to narrow the search to a particular area, rather
than searching through all available map areas. As in the previous steps, use the ARROW KEYPAD
and ENTER to key in the desired information.
5. With the search criteria entered above, select the on-screen ‘Find’ button and press ENTER to view
the ‘Select Address’ (‘Select Crossroad’) page with a list of possible matches. A window at the bottom
of the list displays the quality of each match.
NRST/FIND
Finding Street Addresses
6. Select an address (crossroad) and press ENTER to display additional information.
7. To navigate to this address (crossroad), select the on-screen ‘Goto’ button and press ENTER.
Finding Points of Interest (POI)
One of the most useful driving features of your GPSMAP 196 is the ‘Find | Points of Interest’ feature.
Again, this requires optional MapSource MetroGuide or City Select data—as well as an optional data
card to store the data. With this feature you’ll be able to quickly retrieve information on nearby restaurants, entertainment, hospitals, lodging, shopping, and be able to navigate directly to these locations.
To find a point of interest:
1. Press the FIND key, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Points of Interest’ and press ENTER.
With the desired address found, select the on-screen ‘Goto’ button
to automatically route to this address.
2. A list of POI categories is displayed. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the category of your choice
and then press ENTER.
3. A list of types for the selected POI category is displayed. Select the type of your choice and press
ENTER to display a list of the points of interest for that type.
4. At the top of this list are two file tabs labeled ‘By Name’ and ‘Nearest’. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
select between these two file tabs. To find an item ‘By Name’, follow the steps on page 54.
5. Use the UP/DOWN portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list of waypoints and highlight the desired waypoint, then press ENTER to display additional information. (In many cases, when
selecting cities or points of interest ‘By Name’ you may be presented with a list of duplicate items by
the same name. Simply scroll through the list to select the desired waypoint.)
6. The option described on the previous page for ‘Nearest to Other’, ‘Nearest to Next’ and ‘Nearest to
Destination’ are also available for Points of Interest using the MENU key.
7. At the bottom left corner is an on-screen ‘Goto’ button. If necessary, use the ARROW KEYPAD to
highlight this button and press ENTER.
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The Find Menu also allows you to search for nearby Tide Stations
and display a tide chart. Select ‘Tide Stations’ from the Find Menu
to view a list of nearby stations. Highlight the desired station, press
ENTER, select ‘Show Chart’ and press ENTER (again) to
display a tide chart for that station location.
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Main Menu
Main Menu Tabs
Main Menu Tabs
Submenu Tabs
The GPSMAP 196’s Main Menu Page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation, interface and setup menus in an easy to use “tab” format. The Main Menu page is available from any page in
the GPSMAP 196’s system, and is accessed through the MENU key.
To access the Main Menu Page:
1. Press MENU twice. The Menu tabs are divided into categories by function.
To select a menu tab from the Main Menu page:
1. Move the ARROW KEYPAD UP or DOWN to highlight the tab you want to view. The information for
the highlighted tab will automatically appear to the right.
2. Press MENU for additional menu options, or
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight any item on the page: RIGHT, then move UP or DOWN to
select individual items. Press ENTER, then use the ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to make changes
to the selected item. Press QUIT to exit the Main Menu page.
The Main Menu tabs are:
Some of the Main Menu tabs include “tabs within tabs”. For
example, the ‘Map’ tab on the left-hand side of the screen (shown
above) will display a series of tabs across the top—all of which
display screens which specifically relate to map settings.
From any tab, press MENU to display additional menu options:
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• GPS— Shows satellite status, time/date, accuracy, DOP and differential information. Provides on/off
selection of WAAS feature. Menu options include enable/disable built-in simulator and select location.
• Flights— Shows recorded flight information, including date, route of flight and flight time. A detail
window for each listed flight also indicates flight distance.
• Route— Displays any saved routes. Allows you to create, edit, activate or delete routes. See page 64.
• Points— Allows you to create, edit or delete user waypoints. Provides proximity alarm waypoints.
• Track— Shows status of track memory, recording criteria and list of saved tracks. Provides on-screen
buttons to clear or save the active track log.
• Trip— Provides trip computer functions for average speed, maximum speed, odometers and timers.
Menu options allow trip computer features to be reset individually or collectively.
• Aircrft— Provides multiple aircraft profile settings that are used for flight planning/trip planning
features. Also provides weight and balance computer function.
• E6B— Allows you to calculate density altitude, true airspeed and winds aloft.
• Celes— Shows sun/moon time cycles/positions, best times and good times for hunting or fishing, and
24 hour tide charts (with tide levels and times).
• Map— Provide settings for the Map Page features. See page 16 for more information on this tab.
• Setup— Displays settings for system functions, vertical navigation (VNAV), airspace alarms, general
alarms, road routing, timers, time format/zone, units of measure, location format and interface.
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GPS Tab— provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition, receiver status, and accuracy. The
status information shows what the receiver is doing at any given moment. The sky view and signal
strength bars give an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and whether or not they are
being tracked. The signal strength is shown on a bar graph for each satellite, with the satellite number
below. As the receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar will appear for each satellite in view,
with the appropriate satellite number underneath each bar.
The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars— the receiver is looking for the satellites indicated.
• Light signal strength bars— the receiver has found the satellite(s) and is collecting data.
• Dark signal strength bars— the receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite(s) are ready
for use.
Main Menu
GPS Tab
Signal Strength Bars (“D” indicates
available differential corrections)
Receiver Status
Sky
View
As soon as the GPSMAP 196 has collected the necessary data from the best satellites in view to
calculate a fix, the status field will indicate a 2D or 3D status. The unit will then update the position,
date and time.
You can use the sky view to help determine if any satellites are being blocked, and whether you have
a current position fix (indicated by a ‘2D’,‘2D Differential’,‘3D’, or ‘3D Differential’ in the status field).
The sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative to the receiver’s last known
position. The outer circle represents the horizon (north up), the inner circle 45º above the horizon, and
the center point a position directly overhead. You can also set the sky view to a ‘Track Up’ configuration, causing the top of the sky view to align along your current track heading.
WAAS On/Off
Setting
DOP
and Accuracy
Differential Status
90°
WAAS Capability
The GPSMAP 196 is capable of receiving WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) satellite signals.
WAAS is an FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) funded project to improve the overall accuracy and
integrity of the GPS signal for aviation use, but land- and sea-based users may also benefit from this
system. The system is currently still in the development and may not operational at all times. There are
currently two WAAS satellites covering the United States—one over the Atlantic Ocean and one over the
Pacific Ocean, in a geostationary orbit over the equator. Effective use of the WAAS satellite signal may
be limited by your geographic location in relation to those satellites or by obstructions.
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Center dot - 90°
above the horizon
Inner ring- 45°
above the horizon
Outer ring the horizon
45°
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Main Menu
GPS Tab
WAAS satellite signal reception requires an absolute clear view of the sky and works best when there
are no nearby obstructions such as buildings, mountains, etc. WAAS satellites will be numbered 33 or
higher when viewing the sky view on your GPSMAP 196. Initial reception of the WAAS signal may take
up to 15-20 minutes each day, then 1-2 minutes afterwards. When WAAS differential corrections are
being received for GPS satellites (numbers 32 or below), a ‘D’ will appear in the signal bar for any applicable satellite and ‘2D Differential’ or ‘3D Differential’ will appear in the receiver status. To learn more
about the WAAS system, the location of WAAS satellites and current state of development, visit the
FAA web site: http://gps.faa.gov. WAAS calculations require considerable processor time. If not needed
(or not available in your current location), you may wish to disable the WAAS feature to improve unit
performance. The unit will not search for WAAS satellites if the unit is in the Battery Saver mode.
To enable/disable the WAAS feature:
1. From the ‘GPS’ tab, highlight the WAAS field and press ENTER
2. Select either ‘Enabled’ or ‘Disabled’ and press ENTER.
Select ‘Disabled’ to turn the WAAS feature Off. You should turn
this feature off when WAAS reception is poor or the signals are
blocked, to improve system performance.
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Receiver Status, Accuracy and DOP
Receiver status is indicated at the top field of the page, with the current Accuracy and Dilution Of
Precision (DOP) to the right of the sky view. DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality measured on a scale of one to ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). Accuracy uses
DOP and other factors to calculate horizontal position accuracy in feet or meters.
Main Menu
GPS Tab
The status field will show one of the following conditions:
• Searching the Sky— the receiver is looking for any satellites.
• AutoLocate— the receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. This
process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites— the receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites visible at its last
known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to calculate a fix.
• 2D GPS Location— at least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and a 2 dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D Differential’ will appear when you
are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode and a ‘D’ will show on the strength bar of satellites being
corrected.
• 3D GPS Locaion— at least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and your position
is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D Differential’ will appear when you are
receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode and a ‘D’ will show on the strength bar of satellites being corrected.
• Lost Satellite Reception— the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable— the receiver is unusable, possibly due to interference or abnormal satellite
conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
• Simulating GPS— the receiver is in simulator mode.
• GPS Off—the GPS receiver is turned off.
‘Acquiring Satellites’ appears when the GPSMAP 196 is first
turned on and looking for satellites overhead.
‘3D GPS Location’ is displayed when the GPSMAP 196 is
receiving a sufficient number of satellites to determine a latitude,
longitude and altitude position.
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The Differential Receiver status will show one of the following:
Main Menu
GPS Tab
)
Note: If a DGPS receiver is attached
to the unit and Garmin DGPS, RTCM
In/NMEA Out, or Other DGPS is enabled,
WAAS will be automatically disabled. It
is not possible for the GPSMAP 196 to
receive WAAS and DGPS corrections at
the same time.
• None— No optional beacon receiver is attached or enabled on the Interface screen (Main Menu: Setup
Tab) or WAAS is turned Off
• Searching for WAAS— WAAS is enabled and the receiver is searching for WAAS signal
• Using WAAS— WAAS capability is enabled and the unit is receiving WAAS corrections
• Check Beacon Wiring— the DGPS setting is enabled on the Interface screen (Main Menu: Setup tab)
but no DGPS device is detected
• No Beacon Signal— DGPS receiver is attached, but not transmitting RTCM data to GPS
• Tuning Beacon— Receiver is tuning manual DGPS frequency
• Using Differential— Unit is receiving DGPS corrections
• Scanning for Beacon— DGPS receiver is scanning for available frequency
GPS Tab Options
The GPSMAP 196’s GPS tab features an options menu that provides access to functions and features
relating to the GPS tab.
To display the GPS Tab options, press MENU (with the GPS Tab information displayed):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
With the GPS screen displayed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW KEYPAD,
then ENTER to select the desired option.
• Start/Stop Simulator— toggles the unit simulator on or off.
• Track Up/North Up— allows you to select between a north up or track up sky view display.
• New Location— allows you to initialize the receiver graphically on the Map Page (using the ARROW
KEYPAD) to initially help the receiver acquire more quickly.
• New Elevation— allows you to manually enter the altitude (using the ARROW KEYPAD) when in 2D
or Simulator mode only. Any altitude entered will ignored if the GPSMAP 196 switches to 3D mode
(since altitude is automatically calculated when a sufficient number of satellites are available).
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Flights Tab— displays a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight and flight time.
The GPSMAP 196 will save up to 50 recorded flights. Selecting any listed item provides additional
flight information, including flight distance. Entries on this list are automatically created for each flight
(but only in Aviation Mode). Recording begins when your speed exceeds 30 knots and you gain 500’ of
altitude. The ‘Route of Flight’ information will use the nearest airport as the departure airport. The destination airport is continuously updated as your flight progresses. If you land and groundspeed drops
below 30 knots, the flight entry is saved and a new entry will be recorded when you depart the airport.
(Touch-and-goes or brief stops of less than ten minutes will append to the current flight record, rather
than start a new entry.)
Main Menu
Flights Tab
To view details for a saved flight:
1. From the ‘Flights’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the the desired flight and press ENTER.
2. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press ENTER to return to the ‘Flights’ Tab.
An optional FlightBook software package is available to further simplify your flight recordkeeping.
For additional detail about FlightBook, visit the Garmin website at http://www.garmin.com/aviation.
Flights Tab Options
The GPSMAP 196’s Flights tab features an options page that provides access to functions relating to
the Flights tab.
Flight records include point of origin, final destination, flight
time and distance, date and aircraft identification. Aircraft ID is
derived from the currently selected aircraft profile (see page 79).
To display the Flights Tab options, press MENU (with the Flights Tab information
displayed):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
• Delete Flight— deletes the highlighted flight record from memory.
• Delete All— deletes all flight records from memory.
Select ‘Delete All’ to remove the saved flight records
from memory.
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Main Menu
Route Tab— displays a list of any saved routes, including point of origin and final destination. Any
automatically calculated driving routes will appear with a car icon to the immediate left of the route
description. Selecting any listed item provides additional route information.
To view details for a saved route:
Route Tab
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the the desired route and press ENTER.
2. If an aviation (or water) route is selected, the Route Information Page will provide details for each leg
of the route, including leg course, cumulative distance and time of arrival to each route waypoint. Use
the LEFT/RIGHT portion of the ARROW KEYPAD to view additional route information in the rightmost column.
3. If a driving route is selected, a pop-up window appears with total route distance and time, along with
the option to activate the route and begin using it for navigation. To navigate this route, select ‘Yes’
and press ENTER. Otherwise, select ‘No’.
Route Tab Options
With the Route screen displayed, press MENU to display
context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
If you are departing from the first waypoint in a route, ‘Activate
Route’ will place you on the first leg and guide you along the
entire route. If you later stop for fuel at a point along the route,
‘Activate Route’ will place you on the current leg and guide you
through the remainder of the route.
Keep in mind that in Land Mode, routes are automatically
calculated when you select a destination using the FIND key. See
page 55 for more information.
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The GPSMAP 196’s Route tab features an options page that provides access to functions relating to
the Route tab.
To display the Route Tab options, press MENU (with the Route Tab info displayed):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
• Activate Route— select the highlighted route and begins navigation guidance along the closest leg.
• New Route— displays a blank Route Information Page, allowing you to enter the desired route
waypoints.
• Copy Route— copies the highlighted route to a new memory location. The copied route will have the
same name as the original, followed by a number. Use this option as a prelude to creating a new route
IF the new route will be similar to an existing route. This will save re-keying similar information.
• Delete Route— removes the highlighted route from memory. The route waypoints will remain in
memory; only the route is deleted.
• Delete All— deletes all saved routes from memory.
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Creating a New Route
The GPSMAP 196 lets you create and store up to 50 reversible routes, with up to 50 waypoints (49
legs) in each route. Routes can be created several ways:
• In Aviation or Water modes, by entering the name/identifier of each route waypoint in the same
sequence you will be navigating.
Main Menu
Route Tab
• In all modes, by using the map display to designate your departure point, interim waypoints and
final destination.
• In Land Mode, by using the FIND key to automatically calculate the route and any turns (see
page 55).
To create a route by entering waypoint names/identifiers:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Route’ tab.
2. Press the MENU key to display the Route Options page. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press
ENTER. (Or, highlight the blank route at the end of the list and press ENTER. )
3. If necessary, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the first blank waypoint name field (under the
word ‘Waypoint’) and press ENTER.
When creating a new route, enter the waypoints into the route in
the same sequence you wish to follow them. To add a point, select
the next blank line in the route and press ENTER.
4. From the ‘Find’ Window, use the ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to select the desired waypoint. In
Aviation Mode, the Find Window provides editable fields for identifier, facility name or city. You can
select the route waypoint from any of these fields. Or, you may wish to use ‘Recent’ or ‘User’ tabs to
select recently used or user-created waypoints, respectively.
In Land and Water modes, the Find Menu appears as described on pages 54-57. Follow the steps
provided on those pages to add waypoints to your route. (The Find Menu can also be displayed in
Aviation Mode by pressing MENU and selecting ‘Find Land Points’.)
5. Once each waypoint is selected, a review page for that waypoint is provided. With the on-screen ‘OK’
buttony highlighted press ENTER to add the waypoint to the route.
6. Repeat steps 4-5 until all the desired route waypoints have been entered.
7. Press QUIT to return to the Route List Page.
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the name of the new route
waypoint. Press ENTER when finished.
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To create a route graphically from the map display:
Main Menu
Route Tab
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu Page. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Route’ tab.
2. Press the MENU key to display the Route Options page. Select the ‘New Route’ option and press
ENTER. (Or, highlight the first blank slot in the Route List page and press ENTER. )
3. Press MENU, select ‘Edit on Map’ and press ENTER.
4. To add an airport, navaid, user waypoint or an existing map item to the route, use the ARROW
KEYPAD to highlight the desired waypoint and press ENTER. Map items will not appear in the
waypoint list. To create a waypoint from a map item, see page 11.
5. To add a new user waypoint to the route, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired map position and press ENTER. The New Waypoint page appears. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press ENTER again
to confirm the new waypoint. (You may also change the name, symbol and other properties of the
new waypoint as described on page 73.)
You can create or edit routes from the map display. In the example above, the panning pointer is on a route waypoint. Pressing
MENU displays the option to remove the route waypoint.
6. As you add each waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the map display will show the
waypoint/map item name, bearing and distance from your location, and coordinates of the cursor. The
bottom of the display will show you the number of available and used points. A route line will appear
on the map to indicate each completed leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the distance and
bearing from the last route waypoint to the map pointer location.
7. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until you have finished entering all route waypoints.
8. When finished press QUIT twice to return to the Route List Page. (Or, press MENU, highlight ‘Edit as
Text’ and press ENTER to review the list of route waypoints.)
Navigating a Route
Once a route has been created, it can be activated and used for navigation from the Route tab of the
Main Menu. A route may be navigated in the same sequence as it was originally created, or inverted and
navigated from the end waypoint back to the beginning waypoint.
To activate and follow a route:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
‘Route’ tab. A list of all saved routes is displayed.
Select ‘Activate’ to begin navigating the route.
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2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the route you wish to navigate and press MENU to display
the Route Tab Options.
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3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Activate Route’ and press ENTER.
4. The route will appear on the Active Route Page with the active route leg identified by an arrow icon.
5. To navigate the route in reverse order: Press MENU to display the Active Route Options, then use the
ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to select the ‘Invert’ option.
To stop navigating a route:
Main Menu
Route Tab
1. Press PAGE (repeatedly) until the Active Route Page appears.
2. Press MENU to display the Active Route Page options.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Deactivate’ and press ENTER.
The Route Review Page displays the first and last waypoints as the route name. You can change the
route name to your preferences, up to fifteen characters long.
To enter a custom route name:
1. Press the MENU key twice to display the Main Menu. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the
‘Route’ tab. A list of all saved routes is displayed.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the route you wish to rename and press ENTER to display the
Route Review Page.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the route name field at the top of the page, and press
ENTER.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired route name—UP/DOWN to select the highlighted
character and RIGHT to move to the next character field. One the desired name is selected, press
ENTER.
To stop navigating the route, press PAGE (repeatedly)
until the Active Route Page appears. Then press MENU
and select ‘Deactivate’.
Route Review Options
The Route Review Page also features an options page which provides access to functions relating to
specifically to the displayed route.
To display the Route Review options, press MENU (with the Route Review Page displayed):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
With the Route Review Page displayed, press MENU to display
context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
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The following Route Review options are available:
Main Menu
Route Tab
• Activate
• Insert Waypoint
• Invert
• Remove Approach
• Delete Route
• Edit on Map
• Remove Waypoint
• Select Approach
• Set Speed and Fuel
• Change Data Fields
• Activate— selects the route and begins navigation guidance along the closest leg. If you are departing
from the first waypoint in the route, ‘Activate’ will place you on the first leg and guide you along the entire
route. If you later stop for fuel at a point along the route, ‘Activate’ will place you on the current leg and guide
you through the remainder of the route.
• Edit on Map— allows you to review and modify the route using the map display. You can insert and
remove waypoints from the route.
To edit an existing route from the map display:
Select ‘Activate’ to begin navigating the route.
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired route and press ENTER.
2. Press MENU, highlight ‘Edit on Map’ and press ENTER.
3. To remove a route waypoint: Use the ARROW KEYPAD and IN/OUT zoom keys to place the panning
pointer on the route waypoint you wish to remove. Press MENU, select ‘Remove’ and press ENTER.
4. To insert a new route waypoint: Use the ARROW KEYPAD and IN/OUT zoom keys to place the panning pointer on the route leg line where the new waypoint will be inserted. When the panning pointer
is placed on a route leg line, the line appears highlighted. Press ENTER to create a “rubber band”
line for this leg. Then use the ARROW KEYPAD to move the two ends of this line to the new route
waypoint (replacing the original one leg with two route legs). Press ENTER to add the new route
waypoint.
5. To return to the Route Review Page, press QUIT.
Place the panning pointer on a route leg and press ENTER to
create a “rubber band” line. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to drag
the line to the new route waypoint.
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• Insert Waypoint— inserts a new waypoint before the highlighted waypoint in the route.
To insert a point into the route or add a point to the end:
Main Menu
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the the desired route and press ENTER.
2. On the Route Review page, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the waypoint which will immediately follow the new waypoint you wish to insert and press MENU. (To add a point to the end,
highlight the blank field at the bottom of the list.)
Route Tab
3. Select ‘Insert Waypoint’ and press ENTER.
4. In Aviation Mode, a pop-up window appears, allowing you to select the desired waypoint. Enter the
identifier, facility name or city for the desired waypoint using the steps described on page 65.
5. In Land or Water modes, the Find Menu appears. Highlight the desired waypoint category and press
ENTER. Follow the additional prompts to select the desired waypoint. (For more help on using the
Find Menu, see page 54.)
• Remove Waypoint— removes the highlight waypoint from the route. The deleted waypoint will
remain in memory, just not as part of the selected route.
• Invert— reverses the order of the waypoints in the selected route, as described on page 67.
Select ‘Invert’ to reverse the sequence of the route. This is an easy
way to re-use the route for the return trip home.
• Select Approach— replaces the final destination airport in the selected route with the sequence
of waypoints for a selected approach. To use this option, keep in mind that the airport must have
a published approach (GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer or ILS) and only the final course segment
(usually from final approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is available in
the GPSMAP 196.
To select and navigate an approach for the destination airport:
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the the desired route and press ENTER.
2. Press MENU and highlight ‘Select Approach’.
3. Press ENTER to display a list of available approaches for the destination airport.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired approach and press ENTER.
5. A ‘Vectors?’ pop-up window appears. (See page 45 for more information on vectors-to-final.) Use
the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ and press ENTER. The GPSMAP 196 will remove the
destination airport from the route and replace it with the approach waypoints.
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‘Select Approach’ displays a list of published approaches for
the destination airport and will add the approach waypoints
to your route.
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69
Main Menu
Route Tab
• Remove Approach— appears only when an approach has been selected. Allows you to cancel the
approach and return to the route to the original airport destination.
• Set Speed and Fuel— allows you to enter a cruising speed and fuel flow figure. The GPSMAP 196
uses these figures to calculate ETA, ETE, and leg or cumulative fuel requirements. This information
can be used with saved routes for trip planning purposes.
To enter planned speed or fuel flow figures:
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired route and press ENTER.
2. Press MENU, highlight ‘Set Speed and Fuel’ and press ENTER. A pop-up window appears to enter
these figures
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired figure and press ENTER.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to set the desired figure. Press ENTER once the data has been entered.
(Press QUIT to return to the Route Review Page.)
‘Remove Approach’ will remove the approach waypoints from the
route and restore the destination airport location in the route.
)
)
The units of measure for fuel flow (gallons or liters) are not included on the GPSMAP 196,
since they are not required for calculations. Keep in mind the units from which the original
flow rate figure was derived as you view the calculated fuel requirements figures.
For trip course, distance, time and fuel planning on the ground: create a new route as outlined on page 65, then enter a planned cruising speed and fuel flow as described above.
The planning figures are displayed on the Route Review Page. Use the LEFT/RIGHT portion
of the ARROW KEYPAD to view all the planning figures in right-most data column.
• Delete Route— deletes the selected route from memory. Only the route is deleted. Any user-created
waypoints contained in the route will remain in memory and will still appear in the user waypoint list.
Fuel flow figures are used to calculate fuel requirements for the
route. Note the ‘Leg Fuel’ figures above.
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• Change Data Fields— allows you to choose the data types displayed on the two data field columns
appearing at the center of the Route Review Page. There are ten different data options including: leg
course (DTK), distance, ETA, ETE, and cumulative or leg fuel requirements. You can review the complete list on the GPSMAP 196, and refer to Appendix D for definitions of each data field term.
To change a data field
Main Menu
Route Tab
1. From the ‘Route’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired route and press ENTER.
2. Press MENU, highlight ‘Change Data Fields’ and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the data field column you wish to change, then press ENTER. A
pop-up window appears listing the available data field types.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired data type and press ENTER.
Creating Routes on a PC
If you intend to use your GPSMAP 196 regularly, you may wish to do your flight planning on your
home or office PC and upload the route to the GPS unit. For frequent users, this will save some time
over creating the route directly on the unit. Some aftermarket software programs are available to support this capability, including FliteMap®/FliteStar® by Jeppesen, Inc., and FliteSoft® by RMS Technology., Inc. Garmin has not tested and does not endorse any third-party software, and there may be other
products available with this feature in addition to those referenced here.
Select ‘Change Data Fields’, highlight the field you wish to change
and press ENTER to diplay a list of available data types.
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Main Menu
Points Tab
Points Tab— divided into two separate screens: ‘User’ and ‘Proximity’. ‘User’ displays a list
of any user-created waypoints, total number of waypoints saved (“Used”) and available free user
waypoint memory. ‘Proximity’ includes an On/Off switch for the Proximity Alarm, a list of any
waypoints which are used for proximity alarms and the proximity alarm radius. Selecting any listed
item (on either screen) provides additional waypoint information.
To view additional information for a saved waypoint:
1. From the ‘Points’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘User’ or ‘Proximity’ tab at the top
of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the waypoint list and highlight the desired waypoint.
3. Press ENTER to display additional information for the selected waypoint.
4. To exit the Waypoint Information Page, press QUIT.
The GPSMAP 196 stores up to 1000 user waypoints, which can result in a very long list (under
the ‘User’ tab). To quickly jump to the desired waypoint, use the editable name field at the top of the
User Waypoint List.
To jump to the desired waypoint in the user list:
The ‘Points’ tab displays a list of user-created waypoints. Use the
ARROW KEYPAD to scroll through the list.
1. From the ‘Points’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘User’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the editable waypoint name field at the top of the page,
then press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the name of the desired waypoint—UP/DOWN to select the
highlighted character and RIGHT to move to the next character field—and press ENTER once all
characters for the waypoint name have been entered. The on-screen cursor will jump to the corresponding location in the user waypoint list.
Points Tab: User Waypoint Options
The ‘User’ screen under the Points tab features an options page which provides additional user
waypoint features.
For longer lists, you can quickly jump to the desired point by
entering the name at the top of the page.
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To display the Points Tab: User Waypoint options, press MENU (with ‘User’ selected
from the Points Tab):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option
and press ENTER.
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The following options are available:
• Create Waypoint— allows you to create a new waypoint by entering the position coordinates
(latitude/longitude) or by referencing bearing/distance from another point. (Recall from page 48 that
the ENTER/MARK key can also be used to create a user waypoint at your present position.)
• Delete Waypoint— deletes the highlighted user waypoint from the list.
• Delete By Symbol— allows you to delete all user waypoints that have a common waypoint symbol.
The waypoint symbols are shown at the waypoint location on the map display.
• Delete All— deletes all saved user waypoints from memory.
Main Menu
Points Tab
To create a user waypoint by entering position coordinates or referencing another
point:
1. From the ‘Points’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘User’ at the top of the page and press
MENU.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Create Waypoint’ and press ENTER. A New Waypoint Page will
appear with a pre-assigned name, symbol and present position for the new waypoint.
3. To change the waypoint name (or comment): highlight the name (comment) field at the top of the
page and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired waypoint name (comment)—UP/DOWN to select the highlighted character and RIGHT to move to the next character field.
Press ENTER once all characters for the waypoint name (comment) have been entered.
With the User waypoints screen displayed, press MENU to
display context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
4. To select a different waypoint symbol which will appear on the map: Highlight the symbol field (at
the top left corner of the page) and press ENTER. A list of available symbols will appear. Use the
ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired symbol and press ENTER.
5. To enter the waypoint position (or elevation): highlight the position (elevation) field in the middle
of the page and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the position coordinates. Press
ENTER once all characters for the position (elevation) have been entered.
6. To enter the waypoint position by referencing another point: highlight the ‘From’ field and select ‘Current Location’ or another location as the reference point. Next, highlight the distance field and enter
the distance from the reference point to the new waypoint location. Finally, highlight the bearing field
and enter the bearing from the reference point to the new waypoint location.
7. To save the new waypoint, highlight the on-screen GOTO button and press ENTER.
When creating a new waypoint, use the ARROW KEYPAD and
ENTER to input waypoint name and position.
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Main Menu
Points Tab
The second screen under the ‘Points’ tab is devoted to Proximity Waypoints, which are existing
waypoints that have an alarm circle defined around the waypoint location. You select the waypoints for
which you want proximity alarms, and enter the desired alarm radius. The GPSMAP 196 stores up to
ten proximity waypoints with a maximum alarm radius of 99.99 nautical or statute miles.
To create a proximity waypoint:
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the first blank line on the Proximity Waypoint List and press
ENTER.
2. The Find Menu appears as described on pages 54-57. Follow the steps provided on those pages
to select the desired waypoint. Once the desired point is selected, you will return to the ‘Proximty’
screen.
3. With the ‘Distance’ field highlighted for the selected waypoint, press ENTER and use the ARROW
KEYPAD to enter the proximity alarm radius. Once the desired alarm radius is selected, press ENTER
again.
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
Use proximity waypoints to create alarm circles around areas
you wish to avoid. Proximity waypoints can be created for
Jeppesen data (airports or navaids), user waypoints, MapSource
data points, etc.
1. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field at the top of the page, below ‘Proximity Alarm’, and
press ENTER.
2. Select ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’ and press ENTER.
)
If a proximity alarm circle overlaps with another existing alarm circle, a ‘Proximity Overlaps
Another Proximity Waypoint’ message will appear. If you enter this overlap area, the
GPSMAP 196 will only alert you to the closet proximity point. Use caution when navigating in these areas.
)
If temporary flight restrictions (TFRs) are issued in your area, the proximity waypoint feature provides an easy way to designate a no-fly or restricted flight area. Simply designate a
waypoint at the center of the TFR and then an alarm radius. The GPSMAP 196 will provide
and alarm if you enter this area.
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Points Tab: Proximity Waypoint Options
The ‘Proximity’ screen under the Points tab features an options page which provides additional
proximity waypoint features.
To display the Points Tab: Proximity Waypoint options, press MENU (with ‘Proximity’
selected from the Points Tab):
Main Menu
Points Tab
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
• Remove Point— removes the selected waypoint from the proximity list.
• Remove All— removes all waypoints from the proximity list.
With the Proximity waypoints screen displayed, press MENU to
display context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
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Main Menu
Track Tab
Track Tab— divided into two separate screens: ‘Active’ and ‘Saved’. ‘Active’ displays available track
log memory, recording mode and has on-screen buttons for clear or save the track log data. ‘Saved’
displays a list of any saved track logs.
A track log is an electronic “breadcrumb trail” recording of the path you have traveled. The ‘Active’
screen lets you specify whether or not to record a track log and define how it is recorded. The active
track log can store up to 2500 position points.
To define how a track log is recorded or shut the feature off:
The ‘Track’ tab shows information on the track log currently
being recorded (active) and any saved track logs.
1. From the ‘Track’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Active’ tab at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the field under ‘Record Mode’ and press ENTER. A list of
recording options appears.
3. To turn track log recording off: select ‘Off’ and press ENTER.
4. To continuously record track log data, overwriting the oldest data in memory with new data: select
‘Wrap’ and press ENTER.
5. To record track log data only until track log memory is full: select ‘Fill’ and press ENTER.
6. With ‘Wrap’ or ‘Fill’ selected above, highlight ‘Interval’, select ‘Distance’, ‘Time’ or ‘Resolution’, and
press ENTER. (‘Time’ allows you to specify a time interval between recorded points. ‘Distance’ adds
a new track point once you have traveled the specified distance. ‘Resolution’ adds a new track point
only if you deviate off a projected course, left or right, the specified distance.)
7. The ‘Value’ field allows you to specify the desired time interval or distance. Use the ARROW KEYPAD
and ENTER to input the desired setting.
To clear active track log memory:
1. From the ‘Track’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Active’ tab at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the on-screen ‘Clear’ tab and press ENTER.
The active track log can be saved for later use. You must save the active track log to use the TracBack
navigation feature. A saved log will contain up to 500 position points.
The ‘Wrap’ setting will continuously record track log points,
overwriting the oldest data in memory with new information.
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To save the active track log:
1. From the ‘Track’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Active’ tab at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the on-screen ‘Save’ tab and press ENTER.
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The ‘Saved’ screen under the Track Tab displays a list of saved tracks. By selecting an item on the
list, you can view additional information, such as distance traveled and number of track points.
To display additional details for a saved track:
1. From the ‘Track’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Saved’ tab at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired track record and press ENTER.
Main Menu
Track Tab
Saved track logs can be used for navigation guidance with the TracBack feature. TracBack allows you
to retrace your path using the automatically-recorded track log. TracBack routes are created by reducing
your track log into a route of up to 50 points (representing the most significant points in the original
track log data). The TracBack route will lead you back through the points to the oldest track log point,
so it’s a good idea to clear the existing track log before you start a new trip.
To activate a TracBack route:
1. From the steps above, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the on-screen ‘TracBack’ button and press
ENTER. Or,
1. From the ‘Track’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the ‘Saved’ tab at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired track record and press MENU.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘TracBack’ and press ENTER.
From the Saved Track screen, use the ARROW KEYPAD
to highlight a saved track and press ENTER to view
additional information.
Track Tab: Saved Track Logs Options
The ‘Saved’ screen under the Track tab features an options page with additional track log features.
To display the Track Tab: Saved Track Log options, press MENU (with ‘Saved’ selected
from the Track Tab):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
•
•
•
•
Review on Map— shows the selected track log on the map display.
TracBack— activates a TracBack route, in reverse order, along the selected track log.
Delete Track— deletes the selected track log.
Delete All— removes all saved track logs from memory.
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With the Saved Tracks screen displayed, press MENU to display
context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW
KEYPAD, then ENTER to select the desired option.
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To get the most out of the TracBack feature, remember these Navigating tips:
Main Menu
Track Tab
•
•
•
•
Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go back to (dock, etc.).
The ‘Record Mode’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’.
There must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack route.
If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not Navigate your exact path (keep
the interval set to ‘Resolution’ for best performance).
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack will draw a
straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If your track’s changes in distance and direction are too complex, 50 waypoints may not mark your
path accurately. The receiver then assigns the 50 waypoints to the most significant points of your
track, and simplifies segments with fewer changes in direction.
Be sure to ‘Clear’ the track log before you start your trip IF you
will be using the TracBack feature.
‘TracBack’ can be selected by highlighting a saved track and
pressing MENU.
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Trip Tab— displays Trip Odometer, Moving Average Speed, Total Average Speed, Maximum Speed,
Stopped Time, Moving Time, Total Time, and Odometer readings.
To reset the trip data:
1. Press MENU, then select ‘Reset Trip’, ‘Reset Max Speed’, ‘Reset Odometer’ or ‘Reset All’ and press
ENTER.
Main Menu
Trip/Aircrft Tabs
Aircrft Tab— divided into two separate screens: ‘Aircraft Profile’ and ‘Weight & Balance’. ‘Aircraft
Profile’ allows you to define cruising speed, maximum speed and fuel flow for up to ten aircraft that you
regularly fly. Cruising speed and fuel flow are used as default settings when viewing trip planning information on the Route Review Page. The maximum speed figure is used to define the range for airspeed
on the Panel Page (and is automatically updated if you exceed this figure).
To enter an aircraft profile:
1. From the ‘Aircrft’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Aircraft Profile’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the on-screen ‘New’ button and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the aircraft tail number (or other identifying information) in the
‘Current Aircraft’ field. Press ENTER when finished.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Cruise Speed’ field and press ENTER.
The trip computer readouts can be reset individually
or collectively.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the cruising speed for your aircraft. Press ENTER when finished.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5, entering the ‘Maximum Speed’ and ‘Fuel Flow’ figures for your aircraft.
To select a saved aircraft profile:
1. From the ‘Aircrft’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Aircraft Profile’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Current Aircraft’ field and press ENTER.
3. USe the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired aircraft profile and press ENTER.
To rename or delete a saved aircraft profile:
1. From the ‘Aircrft’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Aircraft Profile’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Current Aircraft’ field and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the on-screen ‘Rename’ or ‘Delete’ button and press ENTER. If
‘Rename’ is selected, use the ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to enter a new tail number.
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The Aircraft Profile screen allows you to save cruising speed,
maximum speed and fuel flow figures for multiple aircraft. The
information is used on the Active Route and Panel pages.
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Main Menu
Aircrft Tab
‘Weight & Balance’ may be used during your pre-flight preparations to verify the weight and balance
conditions for your aircraft. By entering the weight and arm values on this page, the GPSMAP 196 can
calculate the total weight, moment and center of gravity (CG) figures, ensuring a safe flight every time.
Before entering the various figures, you will need to determine the basic empty weight of the airplane and the arm (or ‘station’) for each weight entered. These figures should be determined using the
pilot’s operating handbook for your airplane. The pilot’s operating handbook will also note the weight
limitations and fore/aft CG limits. Compare those figures to the values calculated by the GPSMAP 196.
To perform weight and balance calculations:
1. From the ‘Aircrft’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Weight & Balance’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired weight field and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the weight figure. Press ENTER when finished.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the corresponding arm field and press ENTER.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the arm figure. Press ENTER when finished.
The GPSMAP 196 will store separate weight and balance information for each aircraft on the Aircraft Profile screen.
6. Repeat steps 2 through 5 above until all figures are entered. The calculated moment, weight and CG
figures will appear at the bottom of the page. Keep in mind that the “Aircraft” (empty weight/arm)
figures must be entered as a reference to calculate a valid moment, weight and CG.
Aircrft Tab: Weight & Balance Options
The ‘Weight & Balance’ screen under the Aircrft tab features an options page with additional weight
and balance options.
To display the Aircrft Tab: Weight & Balance options, press MENU (with ‘Weight & Balance’ selected from the Aircrft Tab):
To select a menu option, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the desired option and
press ENTER.
The following options are available:
Select the ‘Empty Aircraft’ option to zero out the weight figures
for all but the aircraft empty weight (and still retain all the
arm values).
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• Empty Aircraft— retains aircraft empty weight and arm figures, retains other arm figures, but zeros all
other weight values.
• Restore Default— restores all settings to zero.
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E6B Tab— displays Density Altitude, True Airspeed and Winds Aloft information, based upon
information you enter.
To calculate density altitude and true airspeed:
1. From the ‘E6B’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to hightlight the ‘Indicated Altitude’ field (at the top of
the page) and press ENTER.
Main Menu
E6B Tab
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the altitude displayed on your altimeter. Press ENTER when
finished.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 to enter the ‘Calibrated Airspeed’, ‘Baro Pressure’ and ‘Total Air Temperature’.
(For ‘Calibrated Airspeed’, use the speed displayed on your airspeed indicator. Use the current altimeter setting for ‘Baro Pressure’. ‘Total Air Temperature’ is the temperature of the outside air including
the heating effect caused by speed. For most aircraft, this is the temperature reading on a standard
outside air temperature gauge.)
4. The calculated figures for density altitude and true airspeed are displayed at the bottom of the page.
To calculate winds aloft:
1. Follow the steps above to determine true airspeed. Or, use the ARROW KEYPAD and ENTER to
manually enter a true airspeed figure in the ‘True Airspeed’ field.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Heading’ field and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the aircraft heading displayed on your directional gyro or compass. Press ENTER when finished.
4. The calculated figures for head/tail wind, wind direction and speed are displayed at the center of the
page.
)
To calculate density altitude and true airspeed, enter Indicated
Altitude, Baro Pressure, Calibrated Airspeed and Total Air Temp.
To calculate winds aloft, perform the above calculations to determine true airspeed or enter it manually. Then enter
aircraft heading.
If a True North reference is currently selected (as the heading reference; see page 95) on
your GPSMAP 196, you must enter ‘Heading’ using a True North reference to accurately
determine winds.
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Main Menu
Celes Tab
Celes Tab— divided into three separate screens: ‘Sun & Moon’, ‘Hunt & Fish’ and ‘Tide’. ‘Sun &
Moon’ displays celestial data for sun rise/set, moon rise/set, moon phases and approximate skyview
locations for the sun and moon. The moon phase will display the current visible portion of the moon as
a light color. You may display this data for your current position, a position from the map, or a waypoint
location. Also, you may select a different date and time, or use the current date.
To choose another position:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Sun & Moon’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘From’ field and press ENTER.
3. The Find Menu appears. See page 54 for more information on using the Find Menu.
The location used for Sun & Moon calculation appears in the ‘From’ field. The timetables displayed
will be based upon your current time zone. When using a position from another location outside of
your time zone, you will need to set the Time Zone for that location under the ‘Setup’ tab on the Main
Menu (see page 93).
The Sun & Moon screen displays the overhead location of the
sun and/or moon.
To change the time or date:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Sun & Moon’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the date or time field and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a new date or time. Press ENTER when finished.
To use current date and time:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Sun & Moon’ at the top of the page.
2. Press MENU, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Use Current Date and Time’ and press ENTER.
The skyview display showing the location of the sun and moon in the sky can be oriented with
North at the top of the screen, or rotated to the top of the screen is the direction you’re currently travelling (track).
Sun & Moon information can be displayed for any location or
any time and date.
To change the skyview orientation:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Sun & Moon’ at the top of the page.
2. Press MENU, then use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘North Up’ or ‘Track Up’ and press ENTER.
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The ‘Hunt & Fish’ screen displays good and best times for hunting or fishing. You can select a date
and location of your choice.
To change the date:
Main Menu
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Hunt & Fish’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Date’ field and press ENTER.
Celes Tab
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a new date. Press ENTER when finished.
To use current date and time:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Hunt & Fish’ at the top of the page.
2. Press MENU, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight ‘Use Current Date’ and press ENTER.
To choose another position:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Hunt & Fish’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘From’ field and press ENTER.
3. The Find Menu appears. See page 54 for more information on using the Find Menu.
The ‘Tide’ screen shows a graphical chart which displays tide station information in a 24 hour span
starting at midnight (station time). You can choose from different dates and over 3000 tide stations
around the U.S. coastline, Alaska, Hawaii, Western Canada and several of the Caribbean Islands.
The top of the page displays the tide station being referenced, with the date directly below. The
top of the chart shows a 24-hour block of local time (LCL) for your position, with the reported station
time (STA) appearing at the bottom. Daytime (light bar) and nighttime (dark bar) show across the time
scale, with the time progressing from left to right (local time scales and sunrise/sunset info may not be
available for a few stations). The solid, light vertical lines represent 4-hour increments, and the light,
dotted vertical lines are 1-hour increments. A gray, vertical line (with a block above displaying time)
indicates the time of day when using current date and intersects the tide graph to show their relation.
The tide curve shows as a shaded area, with higher tides being taller and lower tides shorter. The
gray, horizontal line (with a block at the left displaying depth) indicates the current tide height. The
Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW) appears as a solid, horizontal line near the bottom of the chart (this
line only appears if the tide ranges to the zero value or below). The numbers adjacent to ‘LCL’ and ‘STA’
indicate the maximum and minimum levels, respectively. The four data fields below the chart, indicate
event times and levels at which the tide changes.
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Hunt & Fish indicates the best times for hunting and fishing. This
information can be displayed for any location or any time/date.
Station
Name
Tide
Chart
Current Time
and Tide Level
Event
Times
The Tide screen displays graphic tide station information.
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To view the chart for a tide station nearest to your current location:
Main Menu
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Tide’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘At’ (tide station) and press ENTER to display a tide station list.
Celes Tab
3. Press MENU, select ‘Nearest to Vehicle’ and press ENTER.
4. USe the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired station from the list and press ENTER. Press ENTER
again to display the chart.
To view a tide chart for another station:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Tide’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘At’ (tide station) and press ENTER.
3. A list of stations nearest to the currently selected station is displayed. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
highlight the desired station from the list and press ENTER. Press ENTER again to display the chart.
To find the chart for a tide station nearest to a location on the map:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Tide’ at the top of the page.
To view tide data at another station, use the ARROW KEYPAD
to select the station name and press ENTER to list nearby
stations.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘At’ (tide station) and press ENTER.
3. Press MENU, select ‘Nearest to Other’ and press ENTER.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select a position on the map with the Map Pointer and press ENTER.
5. Select the desired station from the list and press ENTER (twice) to view the chart.
To view the tide chart for another date:
1. From the ‘Celes’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Tide’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘On’ (date) and press ENTER.
3. Enter the desired date with the ARROW KEYPAD and press ENTER.
4. To return to the current date, press MENU, select ‘Use Current Date’ and press ENTER.
To view a chart’s details for another time during the day (other than current time):
1. With the desired chart displayed, press MENU and select ‘Move Cursor’.
With nearby stations listed, press MENU to display contextsensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW KEYPAD,
then ENTER to select the desired option.
2. Press the ARROW KEYPAD RIGHT or LEFT to view the chart at another time.
3. Press QUIT to return to the current time.
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Map Tab— provides the setup options for the Map Page. See page 16 for additional information on
using the Map Tab.
Setup Tab— divided into ten separate screens. Allows you to configure GPSMAP 196 system and
feature settings to your preferences. These ten screens are organized under a second set of file tabs
which appear across the top of the page. The file tabs make individual selections easier to locate and
change.
Main Menu
Map/Setup Tabs
To change a setup feature:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab on the left-hand side of the page, move LEFT or RIGHT on the ARROW
KEYPAD to select desired file tab at the top of the page.
2. Move UP or DOWN on the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the setting you want to change and press
ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select or input the desired setting. Press ENTER when finished.
4. To exit, press QUIT.
The following pages list the setup file tabs and the settings available under each tab:
System
System Mode— Normal: provides continuous, once-per-second position and nvigation updates;
Battery Saver: provides position updates at three second intervals to conserve battery power, but
navigation data is continuously updated based on last know speed and course; Simulator: used for
demo or training operation; allows you to animate the screens and observe unit operation without
actually receiving satellites. (Use the Simulator setting when creating waypoints or flight plans indoors
to conserve battery power.)
Usage Mode— Aviation: displays a graphic HSI for navigation guidance, sets NRST key to display
nearest airports/navaids, enables airspace alarms and airspace boundaries on the map; Land: displays
a graphic RMI for navigation guidance, enables the Find Menu from the NRST key, disables airspace
features; Water Mode: reverses shading of land and water on the map display, uses graphic RMI,
enables Find Menu and disables airspace. For more information on differences between each mode,
see page 7.
Backlight Timeout— Always On or time settings from 15 Seconds through 2 Minutes: determines how
long the screen backlighting will remain on after the last keypress. Select a time setting to conserve
battery power.
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See page 16 for details on using the Map setting screens.
The System screen allows you to enable simulator mode or
change usage mode. Press MENU and select ‘System Information’ to view software version and unit ID.
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Main Menu
Setup Tab: VNAV
Speed Filter— Auto: automatically averages speed readings; Off: disables speed filtering; On: allows
you to manually enter a filtering value from 1 to 255 seconds.
Language— allows you to select between available languages used on-screen for tabs, menu options
and main page descriptions.
VNAV
The ‘VNAV’ file tab provide settings for the vertical navigation feature. These settings create a threedimensional profile which guides you from your present position and altitude to a final (target)
altitude at a specified location. Once the profile is defined, message alerts and additional data on the
HSI Page will keep you informed of your progress. The user-defined data fields on the HSI Page can
display time to beginning of VNAV maneuver (ETV), glide ratio and vertical speed to target. Expect
the following to occur when using the GPSMAP 196’s VNAV features:
• As you approach the initial descent point, the time to vertical navigation field (ETV) indicates the
time to reach the initial descent point.
Use the VNAV screen to define a vertical navigation profile,
including target altitude and descent rate.
• At one minute prior to the initial descent point, a message ‘Approaching VNAV Profile’ occurs. The
time to vertical navigation will sequence from indicating time to initial descent point to indicating
time to reach the target altitude. Finally, the descent angle will lock to prevent changes in speed
from altering the profile. Keep this in mind, since the VNAV feature will not take into account any
changes in groundspeed that occur during the transistion from level flight to descent or climb.
• At 500 feet above the target altitude, an ‘Approaching Target Altitude’ message appears. The time
to vertical navigation will go blank and the VNAV indicator will disappear from the HSI Page.
)
GPS accuracy may be degraded by the U.S. Department of Defense imposed Selective
Availability (SA) program. With ‘SA’ on, GPS altitude may be in error by several hundred
feet. Errors of this magnitude may result in fluctuations in the VNAV indicator on the HSI
Page. The GPSMAP 196 is a VFR navigation tool and should not be used to perform instrument approaches.
When navigating a route, you can use the VNAV feature to aid
in climbs or descents by selecting an interim route waypoint and
defining target altitude.
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Target Altitude— defines the altitude you want to be at when you reach your target location. Specified
as ‘Above Waypoint’ (using field elevation for airports in the Jeppesen database) or ‘Above MSL’ (to
specify an exact MSL altitude target).
By— defines the target location with settings of distance ‘Before’ or ‘After’ a reference waypoint (normally the final destination airport). To set a target location AT a reference waypoint, enter a distance of
zero.
VNAV Waypoint— allows you to select any waypoint along the currently active route (or Goto) as your
reference waypoint. The reference waypoint defines the target location (see above).
VNAV Profile— allows you to select the desired descent rate.
VNAV Messages— allows you to enable/disable the VNAV alert messages.
Reference
Setup Tab: VNAV
To define VNAV profile settings:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘VNAV’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Target Altitude’ and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
enter the target altitude and press ENTER once all characters have been entered. If necessary, select
the adjacent field, press ENTER and choose ‘Above Waypoint’ or ‘Above MSL’. Then press ENTER
again.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘By’ and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the
distance and press ENTER once all characters have been entered. If necessary, select the adjacent
field, press ENTER and choose ‘Before’ or ‘After’. Then press ENTER again.
4. If using a route: use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘VNAV Waypoint’ and press ENTER. Select any
waypoint along the currently active route and press ENTER.
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘VNAV Profile’ and press ENTER. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to
enter the descent rate and press ENTER once all characters have been entered.
Target altitude and be defined above an airport elevation or
you can set a specific MSL altitude.
To enable/disable VNAV messages:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘VNAV’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘VNAV Messages’ and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ and press ENTER.
If desired, you can disable the VNAV messages.
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Airspace
Main Menu
Setup Tab: Airspace
Airspace alarms are designed to provide message alerts in several stages, depending on whether you are
projected to enter an airspace or are just in close proximity. The GPSMAP 196 provides the following
airspace alerts:
• Ahead—your projected course will take you inside an airspace within the next ten minutes or less.
• Near—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace, but not projected to enter it.
• Near & Ahead—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace and your current course will take
you inside the airspace.
• Inside Airspace—you are within the boundaries of the airspace.
)
Some airspace altitude limits may be charted in terms of altitude above ground level
(AGL). If the actual lower limit of an airspace is charted in AGL, the GPSMAP 196 will alert
you at any altitude below the upper limit. However, if the actual upper limit is also charted
in AGL, the GPSMAP 196 will provide the alert at all altitudes.
The Airspace screen allows you to enable/disable airspace
alert messages.
,
Alarms for most categories by be turned off, except for Prohibited Areas. Disabling an
airspace alert will prevent the alert message, but the airspace boundary will still appear on
the map.
,
If you fly above or below an airspace, then descend or climb to enter the airspace, the
‘Inside Airspace’ message may be the only alert provided! The ‘Airspace Ahead’ and/or
‘Airspace Near’ messages will not occur if you are outside the vertical limits defined by the
airspace plus the altitude buffer setting.
Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ for each airspace type.
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Class B, CTA— enable/disable alarm for Class B or CTA (ICAO control areas) airspace.
Class C, TMA— provides alarm for Class C or TMA (ICAO terminal control areas) airspace.
Towers, Control Zones— provides alarm within a 4.3 nm radius from airports with control towers
which are not associated with Class B or Class C airspace. (Typically Class D airspace.)
Restricted Areas— enable/disable alarm for restricted areas.
Main Menu
Setup Tab: Airspace
MOAs— enable/disable alarm for military operations areas.
Mode C Veils— provides alarm within the outer limit of an airspace (usually Class B or C) where a
Mode C altitude-encoding transponder is required.
Other SUAs— provides alarm for other special-use airspace categories including: training, caution,
danger, warning and alert areas.
Altitude Buffer— expands the vertical range of an airspace, providing an added margin of safety. For
example, if the buffer is set to 500 feet, and you are more than 500 feet above or below an airspace,
you will not be notified with an alert message. If you are less than 500 feet from the floor-ceiling limits
of the airspace, you will be notified with an alert message.
To turn an airspace alarm on or off and enter an altitude buffer:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Airspace’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the field corresponding to the desired airspace category and
press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ and press ENTER.
4. To change the altitude buffer, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Altitude Buffer’ and press ENTER.
Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter a new buffer setting and press ENTER once all characters for the
new setting have been entered.
With the Airspace screen displayed, press MENU to display context-sensitive options for this screen. Use the ARROW KEYPAD,
then ENTER to select the desired option.
Select the ‘Turn All Off’ option to disable all airspace alerts.
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Main Menu
Setup Tab: Alarm
Alarm
Next Turn— provides an alarm message within the specified time or distance of each route
waypoint or the ‘Goto’ destination waypoint.
Arrival— provides an alarm message within a set time or distance from your final destination
waypoint. As you approach the destination waypoint, an ‘Arriving at Destination’ message occurs.
Off Course— provides a message when you deviate off course beyond the specified distance.
Anchor Drag— provides an alarm message when your boat has drifted outside a specific range from a
point of origin.
Clock— provides a daily alarm at the time you specify. The GPSMAP 196 must be on at the specified
time for the alarm to occur.
DGPS— used with WAAS or an RTCM-compatible differential device, provides an alert message if
differential GPS coverage is lost or not available.
Accuracy— provide an alarm if position accuracy degrades beyond the specified limits. Use this alarm
to ensure a required level of position accuracy or to be alerted when satellite coverage deteriorates.
To set approach, arrival, off course, clock, DGPS or accuracy alarms:
Use the Alarm screen to set alarms for approaching waypoints,
arrival at destination, off course, loss of differential corrections (or
WAAS), diminished position accuracy or to set an alarm clock.
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Alarm’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Approach’, ‘Arrival’, ‘Off Course’, ‘Clock’, ‘DGPS’ or ‘Accuracy’
and press ENTER. A pop-up window will show the available settings.
3. For the DGPS alarm: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Off’ or ‘On’ and press ENTER.
4. For the approach or arrival alarm: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Off’, ‘Distance’ or ‘Time’
and press ENTER. If necessary, select the adjacent field (in the right column), press ENTER, use the
ARROW KEYPAD to enter the desired time or distance and press ENTER once all characters have
been entered. (Time is entered as hours:minutes:seconds.)
5. For the course deviation, clock and accuracy alarms: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Off’ or
‘On’ and press ENTER. If necessary, select the adjacent field (in the right column), press ENTER, use
the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the distance, alarm time or accuracy limit and press ENTER once all
characters have been entered.
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Road Routing
Route Preference— determines what criteria are used for finding the route to your destination. Faster
Time: causes time to be used as the criteria for calculations and creates a route that will be faster to
drive but may be a longer distance; Shorter Distance: causes distance to be used as the criteria for calculations and creates a route that is shorter in distance but take more time to drive; Off Road: creates a
route as a direct line from your present position to the selected destination.
Ask My Preference— Yes: displays a prompt each time a road route is created asking for your route
preference; No: uses the route preference setting above and does not display a prompt each time a
new road route is created.
Calculation Method— allows you to control how thoroughly the GPSMAP 196 searches for the perfect
route. A trade-off exists between the length of time it takes to find a route and the quality of that route
(or how close to an ideal route is determined). Quickest Calculation: gives the fastest results and
minimizes the time you have to wait; Best Route: results in a longer time for route calculations but
provides the best possible routing.
Calculate Routes for— takes full advantage of the routing information built into the MapSource map
data. Some roads have vehicle-based restrictions associated with them. For example, a street or gate
may be accessible by emergency vehicles only. Or, a residential street may not allow commercial truck
traffic. By specifying the type of vehicle you are driving, you can avoid being routed somewhere you
cannot legally go.
Off-Route Recalc— Automatic: will automatically recalculate the road route if you are off course;
Prompted: provides a pop-up prompt if you are off course asking if you would like to recalculate the
route; Off: uses the original route and will not recalculate the route if you are off course.
Next Turn Pop-up— Automatic Only: temporarily displays next turn information on a pop-up screen
immediately prior to reaching the turn; NRST Key Only: displays next turn information on a pop-up
screen only if the NRST key is pressed; Off: disables the next turn information screen.
Avoid— provides check boxes to select items you wish to avoid: U-turns, Toll Roads or Highways
(interstates or major highways). Route calculations will attempt to avoid any of these selected items
unless it is impossible or impractical to avoid them (if the route would be unnecessarily long).
Main Menu
Setup Tab: Road Routing
Road Routing settings define how thoroughly calculations are
performed, the type of vehicle you are driving and road features
you wish to avoid.
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Main Menu
Setup Tab: Timers
Timers
User— lets you select a count up or count down timer. For a count down timer, you may also specify
the count down duration.
Battery— provides a running count of how long the GPSMAP 196 has been in operation with the
current batteries. The timer automatically stops when using an external power source. The timer will
automatically reset when depleted batteries are replaced. Or, the timer can be manually reset.
Fuel Tank— allows you to set a reminder for switching fuel tanks. The reminder message will repeat
at the specified interval.
Last Flight— indicates the duration of the last recorded flight. During flight, this field is titled “Flight”
and counts up as the flight is in progress.
Since Midnight— displays a running count of how long the GPSMAP 196 has been in operation since
midnight of the current day.
To set the user timer, fuel tank timer or reset the battery timer:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Timers’ at the top of the page.
The user timer can be used as a count down or
count up (elapsed) timer.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘User’, ‘Fuel Tank’ or ‘Battery’ and press ENTER. A pop-up
window will show the available settings for the selected field.
3. For the user timer: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Off’, ‘Count Up’, ‘Count Down’ or ‘Reset’ and
press ENTER.
)
For ‘Count Up’ you may wish to select ‘Reset’ first to zero the counter. For ‘Count Down’
you may wish to enter a count down duration first in the field to the immediate right.
4. For the fuel tank timer: Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Off’ or ‘On’. When turned ‘On’, select the
adjacent field, press ENTER, use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the timer interval and press ENTER.
5. To reset the battery timer (or turn the timer off), select ‘Reset’ (or ‘Off’) and press ENTER.
The battery timer will automatically reset when you install a
fresh set of batteries, or you can manually reset it here.
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Time
Time Format— lets you select between a 12-hour or 24-hour time format.
Time Zone— provides a list of time zones and makes it easy to display the correct local time on your
GPSMAP 196. For areas where a time zone is not listed, you can also enter an offset time for UTC
(zulu) time.
Daylight Savings Time— Auto: automatically adjusts for daylight savings time based on current location and date; On: enables daylight savings time; Off: disables daylight savings time.
Units
Main Menu
Setup Tab: Time/Units
Defines units of measure used for altitude, distance, speed, etc. Units of measure settings can be
different for each operating mode. For example, you may wish to use ‘knots’ for speed in Aviation
Mode and ‘miles per hour’ for speed in Land Mode.
Altitude— Feet or Meters
Pressure— Inches or Millibars
Vertical Speed— Feet/Minute, Meters/Minute or Meters/Second
Distance and Speed— Nautical, Statute or Metric
Temperature— Fahrenheit or Celsius
Direction Display— Cardinal Letters, Numeric Degrees or Mils
Use the Time screen to select time format (12- or 24- hour) and
the correct time zone (for local time display).
To change a units of measure setting:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Units’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the field corresponding to the units of measure you wish to
change and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired units setting and press ENTER.
Units of measure for distance, speed, etc., are set on the Units
screen. The GPSMAP 196 will retain independent units settings for
Aviation, Land and Water modes.
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Main Menu
Location
Location Format— used to change the coordinate system in which a given position reading is displayed. The default format is latitude/longitude in degrees and decimal minutes (hddd°mm.mmm’).
The following additional formats are available:
• hddd.ddddd°— latitude/longitude in decimal degrees only
Setup Tab
• hddd°mm’ss.s”— latitude/longitude in degrees, minutes, seconds
,
• UTM/UPS— Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal Polar Stereographic grids
Location screen settings will affect how navigation information is
displayed on the GPSMAP 196. When in doubt, seek assistance.
If you are using a map or chart in conjunction with your GPS,
make sure the settings under the ‘Units’ tab of the GPSMAP
196 match that of the map or chart. This information should be
displayed somewhere on the map or chart. If the information is
not present, contact the map or chart maker to determine what
position format, datum, north reference and units of measure are
being used for the map or chart.
• British Grid
• Dutch Grid
• Finnish KKJ27
• German Grid
• Irish Grid
• India Zone Grids
• Maidenhead
• MGRS
• New Zealand
• Qatar Grid
• RT 90
• Swedish Grid
• Swiss Grid
• Taiwan Grid
• Loran TD
• User Grid
• W Malayan RSO
Map Datum— allows you to manually select the datum reference used to determine a given position.
The default setting is ‘WGS 84’. The GPSMAP 196 will automatically choose the best datum depending upon your chosen position format. You should only change the datum if you are using a map or
chart that specifies a different datum and you want position readings on the unit to correspond with
position readings on the chart. Datums are used to describe geographic positions for surveying, mapping, and navigation and are not actual maps built into the unit. The GPSMAP 196 contains over 100
map datums.
,
WARNING: Selecting the wrong map datum can result in substantial position errors. When
in doubt, use the default WGS 84 datum for best overall performance.
Location Tab
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Heading— lets you select the reference used in calculating heading information. Auto Mag Var:
provides magnetic north heading references which are automatically determined from your current
position; True: provides headings based upon a true north reference; Grid: provides headings based
on a grid north reference (and is used in conjunction with the grid position formats described on the
previous page); User Mag Var: allows you to specify the magnetic variation at your current position
and provides magnetic north heading references based upon the variation you enter.
Main Menu
Setup Tab: Location
To set a user-defined magnetic variation:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Units’ at the top of the page.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the “Heading” field and press ENTER.
3. Select ‘User Mag Var’ and press ENTER.
4. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Magnetic Variation’ field and press ENTER.
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to enter the magnetic variation at your current position and press
ENTER.
,
WARNING: If ‘User Mag Var’ is selected, you must periodically update the magnetic
variation as your position changes. Using this setting, the unit will not automatically
calculate and update the magnetic variation at your present position. Failure to update
this setting may result in substantial differences between the information displayed on
your unit and external references, such as a magnetic compass.
Heading reference options include True North, Auto Magnetic
Variation and User Magnetic Variation. ‘Auto Mag Var’ will
automatically calculate magnetic north for your location.
In areas with high iron deposits or other factors affecting magnetic variation, you may wish to select ‘User Mag Var’ and enter
a specific variation between true north and local magnetic north.
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Main Menu
Setup Tab: Interface
Interface
Serial Data Format— lets you control the input/output format used when connecting your GPSMAP
196 to external NMEA devices, a DGPS beacon receiver, a personal computer, etc. If a DGPS receiver
is used, WAAS capability will automatically be turned ‘Off’. The following formats are available:
• Garmin Data Transfer— the proprietary format used to upload/download MapSource data, exchange
waypoint, route, track, flights, almanac, and proximity data with a PC or another Garmin GPSMAP
196. When you select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’, there are 11 Transfer Modes to choose from: Host,
Request Almanac, Request Proximity, Request Routes, Request Tracks, Request Waypoints, Send Almanac, Send Proximity, Send Routes, Send Tracks and Send Waypoints.
• Garmin DGPS— used to connect the GPSMAP 196 with a Garmin DGPS beacon receiver.
• Aviation In— the proprietary format used for connection to a Garmin panel-mounted GPS receiver.
Allows Goto or route selection on the panel-mounted GPS receiver to be automatically displayed on
the GPSMAP 196. This eliminates the need to enter the destination on both units.
• NMEA In/NMEA Out— supports the input/output of standard NMEA 0183 version 2.3 data, and
sonar NMEA input support for the DPT, MTW and VHW sentences.
The Interface screen lets you select the various input/output
settings.
• Text Out— allows the unit to output simple text data that includes, data, time, position and velocity.
The Baud can be set to 1200, 2400, 4800, or 9600bps.
• RTCM In— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format.
• RTCM In/NMEA Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format and also
provides NMEA 0183 version 2.3 output.
• RTCM In/Text Out— allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a standard RTCM format and also
outputs simple text data that includes, data, time, positoin and velocity.
• None— provides no interfacing capabilities.
Select ‘Garmin Data Transfer’ for database updates and for use
with MapSource software products.
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To select a transfer mode:
1. From the ‘Setup’ tab, use the ARROW KEYPAD to select ‘Interface’ at the top of the page.
Main Menu
2. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight the ‘Serial Data Format’ field and press ENTER.
3. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired data transfer format and press ENTER.
4. Highlight the ‘Transfer Mode’ field and press ENTER.
Setup Tab: Interface
5. Use the ARROW KEYPAD to select the desired setting and press ENTER.
If ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format is selected, additional fields are provided to
control a Garmin differential beacon receiver directly from your GPSMAP 196. You may have the unit
automatically scan for the DGPS beacon signal or you can enter the beacon frequency and bit rate on
the unit and the information will be used to tune the beacon receiver.
To have the unit automatically scan for a frequency:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Beacon’ field and press ENTER.
2. Highlight ‘Scan’ and press ENTER. The numbers in the ‘Frequency’ field will change as the unit scans
from ‘284 kHz’ to ‘325 kHz’, ‘200’ bit rate, then ‘100’, at 6-second intervals.
If you select ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out,’
additional data fields are provided allowing you to control the
frequency and bit rate that the DGPS receiver uses.
To restart the scan:
1. Press MENU, highlight ‘Restart Scan’ and press ENTER.
To manually enter a frequency and bit rate:
1. With the unit set to ‘Garmin DGPS’ or ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’, use the ARROW KEYPAD to highlight
the ‘Beacon’ field and press ENTER.
2. Highlight ‘User’ and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the ‘Frequency’ or ‘Bit Rate’ field, press ENTER, then enter a frequency or bit rate and press
ENTER when done.
Select ‘NMEA Out’ for connection to NMEA-compatible devices.
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The “Status” field will show one of the following:
Main Menu
• Tuning— unit is attempting to tune to the specified frequency and bit rate.
• Scanning— unit is automatically scanning through the frequencies and bit rates.
Setup Tab: Interface
• Receiving— unit is receiving DGPS signal and ready for operation.
• Check Wiring— unit is not making connection with DGPS receiver.
When the unit is receiving a DGPS signal, the “SNR” (Signal to Noise Ratio) and ‘Distance’ fields
will show data. The SNR range is 0dB to 30dB, with 30 being the best. The Distance may or may not
show data, depending upon the signal being broadcast from the DGPS site.
The DGPS beacon transmitters are operated by the U.S. Coast Guard (or similar government agency
in other countries), which is responsible for their accuracy and maintenance. For DGPS transmitter
problems or to find the most updated list of frequencies and coverage areas, contact your local USCG,
or see their web site at http://www.navcen.uscg.mil/.
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
An ‘Advanced NMEA Setup’ option allows you so select the types
of data you wish to have the GPSMAP 196 output.
The GPSMAP 196 NMEA data transmission can be customized to keep the output rate at two
seconds. If the unit is set up to output all of the available NMEA sentences, the output rate may exceed
two seconds. The ‘Advanced NMEA Output Setup’ page will allow you to turn on/off the GPS status
(GSA. GSV), Waypoint/Route (WPL, RTE) and the Garmin Proprietary sentences. You can also change
the precision of the Lat/Lon minutes.
To set up the Advanced NMEA page:
1. With ‘NMEA In/NMEA Out’ selected, press MENU. Select ‘Advanced NMEA Setup’ and press ENTER.
2. To turn a field On/Off, place the highlight over the desired field and press ENTER. Make a selection
and press ENTER again to accept the selection.
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GPSMAP 196 NMEA Sentence Output (NMEA version 3.0 compliant)
Always transmitted: GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGLL, GPBWC, GPVTG, GPXTE, GPRMB, GPBOD
Switchable sentences: GPGSA, GPGSV, GPWPL, GPRTE
Garmin proprietary: PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM
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Cleaning
The GPSMAP 196 is constructed of high quality materials and does not require user maintenance
other than cleaning. Clean the unit using a cloth dampened with a mild detergent solution and then
wipe dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and solvents that may damage plastic components.
,
Appendix A
Maintenance
WARNING: The GPSMAP 196 lens has an anti-reflective surface which is very sensitive to
chemicals and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING SOLVENTS MAY DAMAGE THIS
ANTI-REFLECTIVE SURFACE. Garmin recommends cleaning the lens using an eyeglass lens
cleaner which is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings and a clean, lint-free cloth.
Storage
Storing alkaline batteries in the unit for long periods of time is not recommended. In order to reduce
the chance for battery leakage in the battery compartment, remove the batteries when storing the unit
for more than six months.
Do not store the GPSMAP 196 where prolonged exposure to temperature extremes may occur
(such as on the yoke of a parked airplane or in the trunk of a car) as permanent damage may result.
User information, such as waypoints, routes, etc., are retained in the unit’s memory without the need
for external power. However, it is always a good practice to back up important user data by manually recording it or downloading it to a PC (user data can be transferrred with the optional MapSource
software).
Water Immersion
The GPSMAP 196 is waterproof to IEC Standard 529 IPX7. It can withstand immersion in 1 meter
of water for 30 minutes. Prolonged submersion can cause damage to the unit. If the unit is submersed
in water, be certain to remove the batteries and data card and dry the compartments before reuse.
To resolve problems that cannot be remedied using this guide, contact Garmin Customer Support in
the U.S.A. at 800-800-1020 or Garmin Europe at 44-1794-519944.
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Connecting the Power/Data
Appendix B
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 196 to an 8-35 volt DC system and provides interface
capabilities for connecting external devices. The color code in the diagram below indicates the appropriate harness connections. Replacement fuse is a AGC/3AG - 2.0 Amp fuse.
Wiring and Interfacing
Red: Power
Black: Ground
Data In
White
Ground
Black
Power
Red
Data Out
Brown
8-35
Brown: Data Out
Unit View
3
White: Data In
Interfacing
Data In
White
Power
Red
The following formats are supported for connection of external devices:
Garmin proprietary Differential GPS (DGPS), Garmin proprietary aviation input, NMEA 0183 (versions
3.0), ASCII Text Output, RTCM SC-104 input (version 2.0).
The following are the sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.0 output:
Ground
Black
Data Out
Brown
Cable View
Approved sentences — GPRMC, GPGGA, GPRMB, GPGLL, GPBWC, GPVTG, GPXTE and GPBOD;
Proprietary sentences — PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM and PSLIB. The GPSMAP 196 also includes
optional NMEA sentences for the GPGSA, GPGSV, GPWPL, GPRTE.
You can download a copy of Garmin’s proprietary communication protocol from the Help and
Support section of our website at www.garmin.com
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Physical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
Display:
Case:
6.18”W x 3.4”H x 2.22”D (15.7 x 8.64 x 5.72cm)
1.5 lbs (.68 kg) with batteries
3.8" diagonal (9.65cm) high-contrast, FSTN display with backlighting (320
x 240 pixels, 12-gray levels)
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy, waterproof to IEC 529-IPX-7
Temp. Range:
5°F to 158°F (-15°C to 70°C)
Performance
Receiver:
Acquisition Times:
Update Rate:
GPS Accuracy:
DGPS (USCG) Accuracy:
DGPS (WAAS) Accuracy:
Velocity Accuracy:
Dynamics:
WAAS- and Differential-capable 12 parallel channel receiver
Approx. 15 seconds (warm start)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold start)
Approx. 2 minutes (First Time/AutoLocate™)
1/second, continuous
*< 15 meters (49 feet) RMS 95% typical
3-5 meters (10-16 ft), 95% typical
3 meters (10ft) 95% typical with DGPS corrections
0.05 meter/sec steady state
6g's
Appendix C
Specifications
User Waypoints:
Routes:
Tracks:
1000, with 10-character name
50, reversible and with up to
50 points per route
Up to 2500 points in active log
Up to 500 points per saved log,
with up to 15 saved logs
Base Map:
Built in; available in Americas,
Atlantic (Europe) and Pacific
versions
Jeppesen Data:
Available in Americas, Atlantic
(Europe) and Pacific coverage
areas.
* Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective Availability Program.
Power
Batteries:
Battery Life:
External Power Source:
Fuse:
4 AA Alkaline (not included)
Up to 16 hours in Battery Saver Mode
8-35 Vdc
AGC/3AG - 2.0 Amp
Optional Data Card: Available in 8, 16, 32, 64 and
128 MB sizes
Optional Map Data: MapSource, available in City
Select, MapSource, Roads &
Recreation, Topo and Fishing
HotSpots versions
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Accuracy — Estimated position accuracy in feet or meters.
Appendix D
Altitude — Height above mean sea level (MSL).
Avg Speed — The average of all second-by-second speed readings since last reset.
Glossary of Terms
Bearing — The compass direction from your current location to a destination.
Course — The desired course between the active ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Course To Steer — The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce cross-track error and return to the
course line.
Cross-Track Error — The distance you are off a desired course in either direction, left or right.
DOP — Dilution of Precision. A measure of satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where
they are in the sky relative to one another).
Distance (Destination) — The ‘great circle’ distance from current location to a GOTO destination, or the final
waypoint in a route.
Distance (Next) — The ‘great circle’ distance from current location to a GOTO destination, or the next waypoint
in a route.
DTK — Desired Track. The compass course between “from” and “to” waypoints in a route. (Same as Course.)
ETA (Destination) — Estimated Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination, or the
final waypoint in a route.
ETA (Next) — Estimate Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach a GOTO destination, or the next
waypoint in a route.
ETE (Destination) — Estimated Time Enroute. The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the
final waypoint in a route.
ETE (Next) — Estimated Time Enroute. The estimated time required to reach a GOTO destination, or the next
waypoint in a route.
Est. Time to VNAV — The estimated time required to reach the initial descent point in a VNAV profile.
Fuel — The fuel required to travel from current location to the indicated route waypoint.
Glide Ratio — The ratio of horizontal distance travelled to vertical distance travelled. For example, a 6:1 glide
ratio indicates a 1000’ vertical descent for every 6000’ horizontal distance travelled.
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Glide Ratio To Target — The glide ratio required to descend from present position and altitude to the target
altitude at the location specified on the VNAV screen.
Leg Dist — The distance between two route waypoints.
Appendix D
Leg Fuel — The fuel required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence) in the route.
Leg Time — The time required to travel from a route waypoint to the next waypoint (in sequence) in the route.
Glossary of Terms
Max Speed — The maximum second-by-second speed recorded since last reset.
Moving Average Speed — Average speed while the unit is moving.
Moving Trip Timer — Total time the unit has been moving.
Odometer — A running tally of distance traveled, based upon the distance between second-by-second position
readings.
Speed — The current velocity at which you are travelling, relative to a ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground
speed’.
To Course — The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce course error or stay on course. Provides the
most efficient heading to get back to the desired course and proceed along your route.
Track — The direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also referred to as ‘ground track’.
Trip Avg Speed (Moving) — Average speed of unit when moving since last reset.
Trip Avg Speed (Total) — Average speed of unit for both moving and stopped speeds since last reset.
Trip Odometer — A running tally of distance travelled since last reset. Also see ‘Odometer’.
Trip Timer (Moving) — Time the unit has been moving since last reset of the trip timers.
Trip Timer (Total) — Total time the unit has been in operation since last reset of the trip timers.
Turn — The angle difference between the bearing to your destination and your current track. ‘L’
indicates you should turn left, ‘R’ indicates you should turn right. The degrees indicate the angle you are off course.
Velocity Made Good — The speed you are closing in on a destination along a desired course. Also referred to as
the ‘vector velocity’ to your destination.
Vertical Speed To Target — The speed at which you are descending to the target altitude. A figure higher or lower
than specified on the VNAV screen indicates you are descending too fast or too slow.
Voltage — Direct current voltage level of an external power source.
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Accuracy Alarm — Accuracy has degraded beyond user-defined limits set on the Alarm screen.
Appendix E
Alarm Clock — The alarm time defined on the Alarm screen has been reached.
Approaching Target Altitude — The current altitude is within 1000 feet of the final VNAV target altitude.
Approaching Turn — Displayed when you are nearing a turn in a route.
Messages
Approaching VNAV Profile — You are within one minute of reaching the initial VNAV descent point.
Arriving at Destination — Displayed when you are nearing your destination.
Basemap Failed — Internal hardware error. Contact your dealer or Garmin Customer Service for assistance.
Batteries Low — when displayed you have less than 10 minutes of battery life left.
Cannot display all found, use city or postal code — The unit found too many items to display. Narrow the
search using the city or postal code.
Can’t Unlock Maps — No applicable unlock code for one or more maps was found. The affected MapSource
maps are not accessible.
Database Error — Internal hardware error. Contact your dealer or Garmin Customer Service for assistance.
Detail Maps Don’t Support Routing — The MapSource maps currently in use do not include routable road data.
Fuel Tank Timer — The time interval set on the Timer screen has expired.
Inside SUA — Your aircraft has entered the boundaries of a special use or controlled airspace.
Lost Satellite Reception — The unit is unable to continue receiving satellite signals.
Memory Full — Unit memory is full, no further data can be saved.
Near Proximity Point — You have reached the distance set for a proximity waypoint.
No Diff GPS Location — RTCM is selected but the unit is not receiving DGPS data.
None Found — No data matched the search criteria.
No Tide Stations for that Area — No tide stations within 100 miles of the area.
Off Course — You are off course the distance set an the Alarm screen.
Proximity Alarm — You have entered the alarm radius of a user-defined proximity waypoint.
Proximity Memory Full — No additional proximity waypoints can be saved.
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Proximity Radius Overlaps — The radius of two proximity waypoints overlap.
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RAM Failed — Internal hardware error. Contact your dealer or Garmin Customer Service for assistance.
ROM Failed — Internal hardware error. Contact your dealer or Garmin Customer Service for assistance.
Appendix E
Route Already Exists — You have entered a route name that already exists.
Route Memory Full — No additional routes can be saved.
Route Truncated — Uploaded route from another device has more than 50 waypoints.
Messages
Route Waypoint Memory Full — No additional route waypoints can be saved.
Steep Turn Ahead — This message appears approximately one minute prior to a turn that requires a bank angle in
excess of 25 degrees in order to stay on course.
SUA Near 10 Min — Your projected course and current altitude will place you within an airspace within 10
minutes, based on your current track.
SUA Near and Ahead — Your present position is within two nautical miles of an airspace boundary, and you are
projected to enter the airspace based upon your course and current altitude.
Switched to Land Mode — Occurs in Aviation or Water modes when a Find Menu destination is selected and
automatic road routing to the destination is activated.
Near SUA — Your present position is within two nautical miles of an airspace boundary, but you are not projected
to enter the airspace based upon your current course.
Track Already Exists — A saved track with the same name already exists.
Track Log Full — Indicates the track log is full and track recording has been turned off. In order to record more
track points, you will need to clear the track log and turn track recording on. This will only be displayed when the
track recording setting is set to ‘Stop When Full”.
Track Memory Full — No more track data can be stored without deleting old data.
Track Truncated — A complete uploaded track will not fit in memory. The oldest track log points have been
deleted.
Transfer Complete — Data transfer has been completed.
VNAV Cancelled — The VNAV feature has been cancelled due to a change in the active route.
Waypoint Already Exists — A waypoint with the same name already exists.
Waypoint Memory Full — The unit has stored the maximum number of waypoints.
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Optional Accessories
Appendix F
In addition to the standard accessories included with your GPSMAP 196, the following optional
accessories are designed to enhance the operation of the GPSMAP 196.
Accessories
To obtain replacement parts and optional accessories, contact your Garmin Dealer, Garmin Customer Support in the U.S.A. at 800-800-1020, or Garmin Europe at 44-1794-519944.
,
WARNING: Garmin accessories have been designed and specifically tested for use with
Garmin products. Accessories offered for sale by other manufacturers have not been
tested or approved for use with Garmin products. Use of such accessories c ould cause
damage to the GPSMAP 196 and void the warranty.
Data Card
MapSource Software CD-ROMs— Provides more detailed mapping, download user-created
waypoints and routes to your PC, or—with City Select or MetroGuide CDs—perform automatic
turn-by-turn routing on secondary roads and residential streets.
Non-Skid Friction Mount
Programmable Data Cards— Blank data cards are available in 8MB, 16MB, 32MB, 64MB, and
128MB sizes. Download street-level map detail, points of interest, business addresses and phone
numbers, marine data, topographical information and more from MapSource CD-ROMs to a data
card, either directly through your GPSMAP 196 using the PC Interface Cable, or with the USB Data
Card Programmer.
Data Card Programmer
USB Data Card Programmer— Programs blank data cards at high speed through a PC.
Pre-Programmed Data Cards— Data cards pre-programmed with either Garmin BlueChart or
Fishing Hot Spots map data.
A/C Adapter— Allows you to operate the unit using a standard AC house current.
Non-Skid Friction Mount— Portable vehicle mount, no installation required.
Carrying Case
Carrying Case— Protects the GPSMAP 196 when not in use; with storage for data cards.
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A
Accessories ................................................... 106
Accuracy ........................................................ 90
Accuracy Circle .............................................. 17
Acquiring Satellites ......................................... 61
Activate Route ................................................. 68
Active Route Page ....................................... 5, 30
Active Route Page Options ............................. 32
Active Track Log ............................................. 76
Aircraft Profile ................................................ 79
Airports .................................................... 42, 49
Airspace ............................................. 19, 49, 88
Airspace Alarm ............................................... 89
Airspace Information ...................................... 53
Alarms ............................................................ 90
Altitude Buffer ................................................ 89
Approaches .........................................32, 44-45
Arrival Alarm.................................................... 90
Arrival Times .................................................. 38
ARROW KEYPAD ................................... 1, 2, 10
ARTCC ..................................................... 49, 52
AutoLocate ..................................................... 61
Auto Zoom ..................................................... 17
Average Speed .......................................... 39, 79
Aviation Mode ........ viii, 7, 23, 30, 49, 63, 65, 85
Avoid ............................................................ 91
Battery ............................................................ 92
Battery Level Indicator ................................... 39
Battery Saver .................................................. 85
Beacon Receiver .............................................. 62
Bearing Pointer ............................................... 28
Bug Indicator ................................................. 23
C
Calculation Method ........................................ 91
Cancel Approach ............................................ 47
Cancel Vectors ................................................ 47
Cautions ........................................................... ii
CDI Scale ....................................................... 24
Celes ...................................................... 58, 82
Cities ...................................................... 20, 54
Cleaning ......................................................... 99
Communication Frequencies .......................... 52
Compass Card ................................................ 23
Contrast ........................................................... 6
Copy Route .................................................... 64
Creating a User Waypoint ......................... 11, 73
Creating a New Route ..................................... 65
Crossroads ...................................................... 56
Current Route Page .................................... 5, 37
Current Route Page Options ........................... 38
Cursor ...................................................... 2, 12
B
D
Backlighting ..................................................... 6
Backlight Timeout .......................................... 85
Database Information ..................................... 44
Database Page ................................................... 3
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Appendix
AppendixGI
Index
Data Card Information ................................... 22
Data Entry ........................................................ 2
Data Fields ............................. 23, 28, 36, 39, 68
Data Transfer .................................................. 96
Deactivate Route .............................................. 32
Decluttering the Map .................................13-14
Default ............................................................. 2
Delete Route ............................................. 64, 68
Delete Track ................................................... 77
Delete Waypoint ............................................. 73
Density Altitude ............................................. 81
Detour ............................................................ 38
DGPS ............................................................ 90
DIRECT TO Key ....................... 1, 31, 42, 45, 50
Direct To Options ........................................... 46
DOP ...................................................... 59, 61
E
E6B ............................................................ 58
E6B Tab .......................................................... 81
Edit on Map ............................................. 32, 68
ENTER Key ............................................ 1, 2, 48
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Appendix G
Index
F
FCC Compliance ............................................. iii
Field .............................................................. 2
Finding an Item ‘By Name’ ............................. 54
FIND Key ................................................. 49, 54
Find Land Points ............................................ 47
Find Menu ..................................................... 54
Flights Tab ................................................. 58, 63
Frequency ...................................................... 44
FSS
...................................................... 49, 52
Fuel Flow ................................................. 32, 35
Fuel Tank Alarm ............................................. 92
Full Screen Map ............................................. 14
G
Goto ................................................ 11, 31, 43
Goto Page Options ......................................... 46
GPS Tab ......................................................... 59
H
Heading Reference .......................................... 95
Highway ......................................................... 20
Highway Exits ................................................ 55
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Hold ............................................................ 24
‘HOW TO’ INDEX ........................................... vi
HSI
.............................................................. 9
HSI Page ..................................................... 5, 23
HSI Page Options ........................................... 24
Hunt and Fish ................................................ 83
I
Initializing ........................................................ 4
Interface ......................................................... 96
Interfacing .................................................... 100
Intersections ............................................. 19, 42
Invert ...................................................... 32, 68
IN key ........................................................ 1, 12
J
Jeppesen Database Information ...................... 44
L
Main Menu Tabs ............................................. 58
Main Page Sequence ......................................... 5
Map Datum .................................................... 94
Map Outlines ................................................. 17
Map Page ...................................................... 5, 9
Map Page options ........................................... 14
Map Scale ....................................................... 12
Map Tab ......................................................... 85
MARK Key ....................................................... 48
Marking Present Position ................................ 48
Maximum Speed ...................................... 40, 79
Measure Distance ........................................... 14
MENU key ................................................. 1, 58
Messages ...................................................... 104
MOAs ............................................................ 19
Mode ........................................................... viii
N
Lakes ............................................................ 21
Land Mode.................... viii, 7, 28, 37, 54, 65, 85
Last Flight Timer ............................................ 92
Length, Runway ............................................... 44
Lighting, Runway ........................................... 44
Limited Warranty ............................................ iv
Local Time ..................................................... 93
Location Format ............................................. 94
Navigating a Route ......................................... 66
NDBs ................................................ 19, 42, 49
Nearest Airport Criteria .................................. 51
Nearest Airspace Information ......................... 52
Nearest Pages ................................................. 49
New Route ..................................................... 64
Next Turn Page ............................................... 37
NMEA ............................................................ 96
NRST/FIND key ................................... 1, 49, 54
M
O
Main Menu Page ............................................. 58
OBS
............................................................ 24
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Odometer ....................................................... 79
Off Course ...................................................... 90
On-Screen Button ............................................. 2
Orientation ..................................................... 17
OUT Key .................................................... 1, 12
P
Packing List ....................................................... i
PAGE Key................................................ viii, 1, 5
Page Layout .................................. 14, 26, 29, 40
Page Sequence .................................................. 5
Panel Page .................................................. 5, 26
Panning Mode ................................................ 10
Pointer ........................................................... 10
Points of Interest (POI) ............................. 54, 57
Points Tab ................................................ 58, 72
Position Format .............................................. 94
Position Page .............................................. 5, 39
Position Page Options .................................... 40
POWER Key ................................................. 1, 3
Preface ............................................................... i
Proximity Alarm ............................................. 74
Proximity Waypoint ....................................... 74
Q
QUIT Key ...................................................... 1, 5
R
Recalculate ..................................................... 38
Registration ....................................................... i
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Remove Approach .................................... 34, 68
Reset Odometer .............................................. 40
Reset Trip ....................................................... 40
Rivers ............................................................ 21
RMI Page .................................................... 5, 28
Runway Extensions ........................................ 18
Road Routing ................................................. 91
Routes ................................................ 30, 58, 64
Route Review Page ......................................... 67
Route Tab ....................................................... 64
RTCM ............................................................ 96
Runway Designations ..................................... 44
Runway Layout .............................................. 44
Runway Length .............................................. 51
Runway Numbers ........................................... 18
Runway Surface .............................................. 51
S
Screen Backlighting .......................................... 6
Screen Decluttering ........................................ 13
Scroll Bar .......................................................... 2
Searching the Sky ........................................... 61
Select Approach ........................... 34, 45, 47, 68
Sequencing ..................................................... 24
Serial Number ................................................. iv
Setup Map ...................................................... 14
Setup Tab ....................................................... 85
Signal Strength Bars ........................................ 59
Simulator Mode .............................................. 61
Sky View ........................................................ 59
Appendix G
Index
Specifications ............................................... 101
Storage ........................................................... 99
Street Address ................................................ 56
SUAs ............................................................ 19
Sun and Moon ................................................ 82
System Mode .................................................. 85
T
Table of Contents ........................................... vii
Terms .......................................................... 102
Tide Chart ...................................................... 84
Tide Curve ..................................................... 83
Tide Station .................................................... 83
Time/Date ....................................................... 39
Timers ............................................................ 92
Time Format .................................................. 93
Time Zone ...................................................... 93
To/From Flag .................................................. 23
Topo ............................................................ 21
Town ............................................................ 20
TracBack ......................................................... 77
Track ............................................................ 58
Track log ........................................................ 76
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W
Appendix G
Index
Track Tab ....................................................... 76
Trip Odometer .......................................... 39, 79
Trip Planning .................................................. 70
Trip Tab .......................................................... 79
Trip Timer ...................................................... 39
True Airspeed ................................................. 81
True North Reference ..................................... 95
Turning the Unit On/Off ................................... 3
WAAS ............................................................ 59
Warnings .......................................................... ii
Warranty ......................................................... iv
Water Mode .................. 7, 28, 30, 54, 65 85, viii
Waypoint Information Page ...................... 31, 50
Weight and Balance ........................................ 80
Winds Aloft .................................................... 81
Wiring .......................................................... 100
Wx
............................................................ 49
U
Units of Measure ............................................ 93
Usage Restrictions (frequency) ....................... 45
User-Created Waypoints ..................... 42, 54, 72
V
Vectors ............................................... 32, 35, 46
Vector to Final ................................................ 46
VNAV ................................................ 24, 26, 86
VNAV Profile ............................................ 26, 86
VORs ................................................ 19, 42, 49
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© 2002 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K.
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00283-00 Rev. B
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