Garmin GPSMAP 235 GPS Receiver User Manual

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OWNER’S MANUAL
AND REFERENCE
GPSMAP 235
Sounder
TM
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Software Version 4.01 or above
Internal Database Version 3.00 © GARMIN Corporation
G-chart TM cartridge data is copyrighted by Navionics Corporation and GARMIN
Corporation and may not be copied or used for any other purpose without
permission.
© 1999 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, USA
Tel: 913.397.8200 or 1.800.800.1020
Fax: 913.397.8282
Website: www.garmin.com
GARMIN (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9AQ, UK
Tel: 011.44.1794.519944
Fax: 011.44.1794.519222
GARMIN (Asia) Corp.
3th Fl, No. 1, Lane 45, Pao-Hsing Road, Hsin-Tien, Taipei,Taiwan R.O.C.
Tel: 011.886.02.2917.4107
Fax: 011.886. 02.2917.1758
All rights reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any
form or by any means, electronic or manual, including photocopying and recording, for
any purpose without the express written permission of GARMIN.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. GARMIN reserves the
right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements.
October 1999
Part #190-00138-10 Rev.B
Printed in Taiwan
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Page i
INTRODUCTION
Warning
Warning
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder should not be used as a navigational aid or depth sounder to
prevent collision, grounding, or boat damage, any of which could result in personal injury.
For reasons of safety, we also recommend that you operate your boat at very slow speed if
you suspect shallow water or submerged objects.
GARMIN, GPSMAP, G-chart, AutoLocate,
TracBack and PhaseTrac12 are trademarks of
GARMIN Corporation and may only be used
with permission. All rights are reserved.
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INTRODUCTION
Cautions
CAUTION!
The GARMIN GPSMAP 235 Sounder has no
user-serviceable parts. Should you ever
encounter a problem with your unit, please take
it to an authorized GARMIN dealer for repairs.
Any attempt to open the case to change or modify the unit in any way will void your warranty
and may result in permanent damage to the
equipment.
Caution
The GPS system is operated by the United States government, which is solely
responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The system is subject to changes
which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment. Although
the GARMIN GPSMAP 235 Sounder is a precision electronic NAVigation AID
(NAVAID), any NAVAID can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become
unsafe.
Use the GPSMAP 235 Sounder at your own risk. To reduce the risk of unsafe
operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of this Owner’s Manual—and
thoroughly practice operation using the simulator mode prior to actual use. When in
actual use, carefully compare indications from the GPSMAP 235 Sounder to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual
sightings, charts, etc. For safety, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
NOTE: The GPSMAP 235 Sounder generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. There is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If the sounder does cause
harmful interference, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by relocating the equipment or connecting the equipment to a different circuit. Consult an
authorized dealer or other qualified technician for additional help if these remedies
do not correct the problem.
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder complies with Part 15 of the FCC limits for class B
digital devices. Operation is subject to the following conditions: (1) The sounder
may not cause harmful interference, and (2) the sounder must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
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Designed for detailed electronic charting and complete depth sounding capability, the GARMIN GPSMAP 235 Sounder is a powerful navigation device that also
gives you the fishfinding information you need in fresh or saltwater.
Precision Performance:
• High-contrast, four-level gray, LCD screen
• 12 channel receiver tracks and uses up to 12 satellites simultaneously
for fast, accurate positioning
• Differential-Ready— just add the optional GBR 21 beacon receiver for better
than 5-meter accuracy
Advanced Navigating and Plotting:
• 250 alphanumeric waypoints with selectable icons and comments
• Built-in database usable from 4096 to 64 nm worldwide and to 32 nm in the
continental United States.
• 20 reversible routes with up to 30 waypoints each
• G-chartTM electronic charting with inland and offshore coverage
• LORAN TD to GPS Lat/Lon Coordinate conversion
Superior Fishfinding Ability:
• Four zoom levels with a moving view window
• Underwater waypoint marking
• Map/Sounder split screen displays navigation and fishfinding information
• Fish and depth alarms
• Digital depth continuously displayed on all pages
• Dual frequency operation for maximum coverage with good bottom detail
• Efficient noise rejection circuitry for removing cross talk and noise
INTRODUCTION
Sounder Capabilities
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INTRODUCTION
Warranty
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Limited Warranty
GARMIN warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and manufacture for one year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option,
repair or replace any components which fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor. The customer is,
however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCULSIVE
AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESSED, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR
OTHTERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS,
WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING
FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO
USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES
DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
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To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service Department
(913.397.8200) for a returned merchandise tracking number. The unit should be
securely packaged with the tracking number clearly marked on the outside of the
package and sent freight prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service station.
A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty
repairs. GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software
at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
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Preface
Congratulations on choosing one of the most advanced depth sounding and
marine navigation systems available. The GARMIN GPSMAP 235 Sounder combines the proven performance of GARMIN GPS, powerful G-Chart electronic
charting, and full featured depth sounding into one unit to create an unsurpassed
marine navigation and fishfinding package.
To get the most out of your new navigation and sounding system, take the time
to go through this operator’s manual and learn the operating procedures for your
unit. This manual is broken down into two parts for your convenience.
Part One introduces you to the GPSMAP 235 Sounder and provides a “getting
started tour” so that you may become more familiar with the unit. This section will
provide you with a basic working knowledge of the sounder.
Part Two is divided into sections that provide detailed references to the
advanced features and operations of the GPSMAP 235 Sounder. Part two allows
you to concentrate on a specific topic quickly, without reading through entire portions of text that you may not need. This section can be used to look up detailed
information about the GPSMAP 235 Sounder.
INTRODUCTION
Preface
WARNING!
The electronic chart is an aid to navigation and is
designed to augment the use of authorized government charts, not replace them. Only official government charts and notices to mariners contain
all information needed for safe navigation— and,
as always, the user is responsible for their
prudent use.
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Packing List
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Before installing and using with your sounder, please check to see that your
package includes the following items. If any parts are missing, please contact your
GARMIN dealer immediately.
*Standard Package:
• GPSMAP 235 Sounder
• External GPS Antenna and 30’ cable
• Power/Data Cable
• Mounting and Gimbal Bracket
• Owner’s Manual
• Quick Reference Card
*For assembly part number 010-00119-01, a transom mount transducer is included.
Optional Accessories:
• G-chart Electronic Chart Cartridges
• PC Kit
• In-Hull and Transom-Mount Transducers with or without temperature and
speed-through-water capability.
• Additional mounting brackets and cables.
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Warning ..................................................................................................................i
Cautions.................................................................................................................ii
Capabilities/Warranty .........................................................................................iii-iv
Preface/Packing List .............................................................................................v-vi
Table of Contents/Keypad Usage.......................................................................vii-viii
Getting Started ...................................................................................................1-18
Section 1: GPSMAP Status Page ....................................................................19-21
Satellite and receiver status, entering initial positions
Section 2: Position Page.................................................................................22-23
Position Page description and uses
Section 3: Sounder Page ................................................................................24-38
Sounder Page description, zooming, underwater waypoints, and options
Section 4: Map Page.......................................................................................39-48
Map Page description, modes, scales, and options
Section 5: Navigation Page ...........................................................................49-51
Navigation Page use and options
Section 6: Main Menu Page ................................................................................52
Viewing the main menu page and selecting submenus
Section 7: Waypoints ....................................................................................53-61
Creating, using, and editing waypoints
Section 8: GOTO/MOB/TracBack Features....................................................62-64
Going to a destination and using GOTO options/TracBack routes
Section 9: Routes ...........................................................................................65-76
Creating, editing, and using routes
Section 10: Setup Menus................................................................................77-83
System and navigation setup; timers, alarms and track log
Section 11: Using G-Chart cartridges ............................................................84-85
Inserting, removing, and using electronic chart cartridges
Section 12: LORAN TDs ................................................................................86-89
Using the LORAN position TD format
GETTING STARTED
Table of Contents
APPENDICES
Appendix A: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90-94
GPSMAP 235 Sounder Installation
Appendix B: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95-97
Wiring and Specifications
Appendix C: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98-99
Messages
Appendix D: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100-102
Map Datums
Appendix E: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103-104
Glossary
Appendix F: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
Time Offset Chart
Appendix G: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106-108
Index
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INTRODUCTION
Keypad Usage
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder’s advanced
keypad system is designed to allow for fast, convenient selection of navigation options and data
entry.
The getting started tour will introduce you to
the keypad and provide a ‘hands-on’ lesson in
using the sounder. We strongly encourage you to
take the getting started tour before using your
unit for actual navigation and fishing.
The Quick Reference Card contains helpful
tips on using the unit and performing various
navigation and sounder tasks. It’s a good idea to
keep the Quick Reference Card nearby whenever
you’re operating your new sounder.
P
Turns the unit on and off and controls 3-level
screen backlighting.
J
Scrolls the main pages in sequence and returns
display from a submenu page to a main page.
M
Captures your present position and displays the
mark position window.
G
Displays the GOTO waypoint window, allowing
you to select the destination waypoint. Press
GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
from the map.
O
Displays context-sensitive options window.
Press MENU twice to display main menu page.
T
Activates highlighted fields and confirms menu
options and data entry.
Q
Returns display to a previous page or restores a
data field’s previous value.
I
Decreases the scale of the moving map and
highway pages.
H
Increases the scale of the moving map and
highway pages.
R
B
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Controls the movement of the cursor and is used
to select options and positions, and to enter
data.
Marks your present GPS position and instantly
sets a return course while providing steering
guidance.
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Initializing the Receiver
Before you use your GPSMAP 235 for the first time, you’ll need to “initialize the
receiver.” Initialization is the process in which the receiver collects satellite data and
establishes its (your) present position. Follow the initialization process described
below, which will usually provide a position fix in about a minute.
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
Before you initialize, make sure the sounder and antenna have been correctly
installed according to the instructions in Appendix A.
To turn the GPSMAP 235 Sounder on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds.
The welcome page will appear while the unit conducts a self test. Once the
internal test is complete, the mariner’s warning will appear, asking you to read and
acknowledge important information regarding the proper use of electronic charts.
To acknowledge the mariner’s warning:
1. Press the T key.
A
A flashing ‘MESSAGE PRESS PAGE’ prompt will appear at the bottom of the
screen asking you to press the J key.
To view a system message:
1. Press J.
2. Press the J key again to return to the previous page. The ‘select initialization’ window
will appear, with the ‘select from map’ option highlighted.
3. Press T to initialize the receiver from the built-in worldwide map.
B
A. The Welcome Page will be displayed while the
unit performs a self-test.
B. Confirm the mariner’s warning before starting navigation. Remember that the electronic
chart is designed to supplement the local
government charts, not replace them.
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Initializing the Receiver (con’t.)
GETTING STARTED
Initialization
The Map Page will appear, prompting you to select your approximate present position with the map cursor.
1. Use the R keypad to move the map cursor to a location close to your present position. If you
have difficulty identifying your exact position, use the I key to zoom to a lower map scale.
2. Press T to confirm your selection.
A
B
A. Use the arrow keypad to move the cursor to a
location close to your present position.
B. Hollow signal strength bars will appear on the
Status Page while the receiver collects satellite
data.
2
The sounder will now begin searching for the appropriate satellites for your present
position and should acquire a fix in approximately one minute. While the receiver
searches for satellites, a flashing satellite symbol will appear at the left-hand side of the
status bar located at the bottom of the screen. The status bar is used to monitor satellite signal reception and activated alarms, it also shows the digital depth on a
continual basis.
A signal strength bar for each satellite in view will appear on the lower half of the
page, with the appropriate satellite number under each bar. The progress of satellite
acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars: The receiver is looking for satellites.
• Hollow signal strength bars: The receiver has found satellites and is collecting data.
• Solid signal strength bars: The receiver has collected the necessary satellite data and
the sounder is ready to use.
Once the receiver has collected information from at least three satellites, the satellite
symbol on the status bar will stop flashing.
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Getting Started Tour
The GARMIN GPSMAP 235 Sounder is a powerful electronic navigation and
depth sounding system that provides detailed chart coverage and convenient control of many advanced features right from the screen display. This tour is designed
to take you through the basic pages and functions of the system using the simulator mode. Once you’re familiar with the main pages and features of the unit, refer
to the reference section for instructions on performing specific tasks and functions.
The Getting Started Tour assumes that the receiver has been properly installed
and initialized, and you have not changed any of the default unit settings. If you
have changed any settings (position formats, units of measure, etc.), the descriptions and pictures in the tour may not match your configuration.
GETTING STARTED
Power On/Screen Contrast
To turn the sounder on:
1. Press and hold the P key until the power tone sounds. The welcome page will appear
while the unit conducts a self test.
2. Once the self test is complete, press the T key to acknowledge the mariner’s warning.
The satellite status page will appear as the receiver begins acquiring satellites.
From the status page, you can adjust the screen contrast and backlighting.
To adjust the screen contrast:
1. To increase the screen contrast, press the right arrow of the R keypad.
2. To decrease the screen contrast, press the left arrow of the R keypad.
3. Press the T key to finish.
The sounder’s three-level screen backlighting feature is controlled with P key,
and can be adjusted at any time from any page.
To turn on and adjust the backlighting:
1. Press the P repeatedly until the backlighting is at the desired level (off, 1, 2, or 3).
A
B
A. The screen contrast may be adjusted from the
Status Page by pressing the ARROW KEYPAD.
Press EDIT/ENTER to confirm changes.
B. The status bar at the bottom of the screen is displayed at all times. It continuously indicates current depth and displays symbols which identify
what mode the unit is in, satellite signal presence,
and which alarms (if any) have been triggered. The
current scale will also be displayed if you are viewing the navigation or Map Page, or if you are using
the sounder zoom feature. When you are viewing
the Sounder Page, it will show the transducer
3
frequency.
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Status Page
GETTING STARTED
Status Field
Status Page/Simulator Mode
Horizontal Accuracy
Satellite
Sky View
Dilution of Precision
Signal Strength
Indicators
Status Bar
A
B
A. To start the simulator, confirm the simulator
warning. Do not use simulation for actual navigation or to determine actual water depth.
B. Whenever the sounder is in simulator mode, a
‘Setup Simulator?’ option will appear on the
options menu for each page. An ‘Exit Simulator?’
option will also appear on the Status Page
options menu.
4
Water Depth
The Status Page provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition and receiver
status, with a signal strength bar graph and a satellite sky view in the center of the
page. Each page of the sounder features an options menu, which gives you access
to other functions and features that relate to the specific page you are viewing. To
get a feel for how the this works, let’s put the sounder into simulator mode.
To put the sounder in simulator mode:
1. From the Status Page, press the O key. The options menu will appear, displaying functions and features for the Status Page.
2. Use the UP or DOWN arrow of the R keypad to highlight the ‘Start Simulator?’ option and
press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the simulator warning. Once the simulator has been started,
the status field at the top of the page will display ‘Simulating Navigation.’
Now you’re ready to continue the rest of the tour. All the waypoint and route
planning done in simulator mode will still be retained in memory for future use.
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GETTING STARTED
Page Sequence/Position Page
The satellite Status Page is one of five main pages used in the sounder. All five
pages are linked together in a simple chain, which allows you to scroll through the
pages in either direction using the J and Q keys. To continue the tour, let’s
move on to the next page, the position page.
To scroll to the next page in sequence:
1. Press the J key.
Position Page
The Position Page shows your position, direction of travel, and speed. The
compass tape at the top of the page indicates the direction you’re moving. The
four user-selectable data fields below the compass tape show your current course
and speed over ground, along with a resettable trip odometer and depth display.
Your current latitude and longitude, along with a 12/24-hour clock, appear at the
bottom of the page.
Now that you’ve seen how the status and position pages can be used to monitor
satellite acquisition and your present position, let’s take a minute to learn how to
mark and store our present position as a waypoint. Since we’re in simulator mode,
the present position displayed will be the last position calculated by the receiver,
which should be the spot where you initialized the unit. Marking a position will
also give you an opportunity to see how the sounder’s arrow keypad (R) and T
key are used for data entry.
Compass
Tape
Data
Fields
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
Status Bar
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Marking a Position
GETTING STARTED
Using
Marking
the a
GOTO
Position
Key
To mark your present position:
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit
waypoint name, symbol, position, and depth.
2. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint name field (001) and press T.
3. Press the LEFT ARROW of the R keypad to clear the name field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter the name ‘DOCK,’ using the UP and DOWN arrows to select
each letter, and the RIGHT arrow key to advance to the next character position. If you
make a mistake and select an incorrect character, simply use the LEFT arrow key of the
R keypad to backspace the cursor and correct the entry.
5. Press T to confirm the name.
A
B
A. The mark position page will automatically assign
a default, three-digit name for each waypoint,
which can be changed at any time to an alphanumeric name containing up to six-characters.
B. A complete set of waypoint symbols allows you to
mark inland and offshore waypoints with a custom symbol for fast waypoint recognition.
6
6. The field highlight will advance to the symbol field. Press T to access the waypoint
symbol page.
7. Use the R keypad to highlight the ANCHOR symbol.
8. Press T to confirm the symbol.
9. Press T again to confirm the ‘DONE?’ prompt and save the waypoint.
The DOCK waypoint is now stored in memory. Waypoints can also be created
graphically from the map display, by manually entering position coordinates, or as
underwater waypoints from the Sounder Page. Each of these techniques is
described in the reference section of the manual or in the quick reference guide.
To continue our tour, let’s move on to the Sounder Page.
1. Press the J key to access the Sounder Page.
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Sounder Page
Data Field
GETTING STARTED
Range Mode
Sounder Page
Fish Arch
Thermocline
Whiteline
Transducer Frequency
The Sounder Page lets you use the GPSMAP 235 as a fishfinder. The top of the
screen contains any of seven selectable data field options, while the middle of the
page contains a right-to-left moving sonar image of the water beneath your boat.
(Note: Items appear on the screen as they pass under your transducer. Those
objects appearing on the right side of the screen are closer to you than those on
the left.) Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish symbol in three different
sizes. Thermoclines (layers of water separating warmer water from cooler water )
are shown as shades of gray.
The area of strongest sonar return (or “whiteline”) is displayed as a light gray
band. Typically, the bottom will be the primary source of the whiteline. A thin
whiteline indicates a softer bottom while a thick whiteline shows a harder bottom.
A black line is used to show the point where water meets the whiteline. This
black line will follow the bottom contour, along with any significant objects lying
on the bottom. Along the right side of the screen is an adjustable scale which
reflects the depth of the area being displayed. The status bar at the bottom of the
page displays satellite signal status, digital depth, and any triggered alarms. More
on the Sounder Page may be found on pages 24-38.
A
B
A. When adjusted correctly, the bottom is outlined
by the whiteline. To adjust the whiteline, see page
30.
B. Pause the screen by pressing the EDIT/ENTER
key at any time. To continue screen movement,
press EDIT/ENTER again. Pause the screen to
allow more time to examine the screen display
and when using the underwater waypoint feature.
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Range Modes
GETTING STARTED
Range Modes
The unit uses three range modes on the Sounder Page: auto, manual, and window. Auto mode displays the most information possible while continuously
showing the bottom. Manual mode lets you select the displayed depth. Window
mode allows you to define a starting depth and length of the range window,. but
must be started from the sounder options menu (see page 31).
To switch from auto to manual mode:
1. Press the R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed on the
depth scale at the right side of the page. Press T to confirm the selected
range.
To switch from manual to auto mode:
1. Press the R up or down and hold it until you hear a repeated beep. ‘Auto’ will be
displayed in the function field at the top-right corner of the page. Press T.
Underwater Waypoints
A
B
A. When switching between auto and manual
modes, the range scale will be highlighted.
B. The depth of the waypoint is captured with the
underwater waypoint feature.
The underwater waypoint feature marks a waypoint’s position and its depth.
Marking an underwater waypoint makes it easier to find and use an object for a
future fishing location reference point.
To mark an underwater waypoint:
1. Press T to pause the screen movement.
2. Use the R keypad to move the cursor onto the target you want to mark. A data
field will appear with the cursor’s depth and bearing and distance from your current position.
3. Press T. A waypoint page will appear with the waypoint’s coordinates, default
three-digit name, and depth.
8
4. Enter any waypoint information such as name, comment, etc., and press T.
When finished, press Q or T.
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Zoom Feature
The zoom feature allows you to view a smaller portion of the complete range in
greater detail.
The zoom feature operates in auto or manual mode. Auto zoom will follow the
bottom contour while manual zoom will display the selected depth. For more on
the zoom feature, see pages 26-27.
GETTING STARTED
Zoom Feature
To use the zoom feature:
1. While viewing the Sounder Page, press I. The zoomed part of the display
(always the bottom part) shows you twice the detail of the original display at half
the depth.
2. Pressing I a second time shows you twice the detail of the original at half the
depth in one screen.
3. Pressing I a third time shows you four times the detail in the zoomed part of
the screen at a quarter of the original depth.
4. Pressing I a fourth time shows you four times the detail in the zoomed part of
the screen at a quarter of the original depth in one screen.
Note: When dual frequency is selected, there is no split zoom with a full range
over a zoomed window. Both the 50 kHz and the 200 kHz will zoom together,
regardless of which is on top or bottom.
To turn the zoom feature off, press H until the original scale picture appears and a triple beep
sounds.
Let’s continue the Getting Started Tour with the Map Page.
A
B
A. Use the zoom window to view a smaller portion
of the complete range in greater detail.
B. Moving the zoom window allows you to quickly
view any spot between the surface and the bottom. See page 27 for directions on moving the
zoom window.
1. Press J.
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Map Page
GETTING STARTED
Data
Fields
Map Page
Boat
Symbol
Map
Scale
The Map Page combines digital chartplotting with a user-selectable display of
navigation data, and a built-in worldwide database. It will also be the page you use
most to create and edit waypoints and routes. Before we take off on a practice route,
let’s take a brief look at its various features and displays.
A
B
A. The map/sounder split screen displays cartography
and sounder information at the same time. The split
screen only functions as a map page, and any
changes to the sounder display must be made from
the Sounder Page. Use the QUIT or PAGE key to
quickly switch between the map split-screen and the
Sounder Page. See page 28 for split screen operation information.
B. The Map Page can also be configured to display
additional data fields and a graphic course deviation scale or compass. See page 46 for more on map
10
options.
The map display, located in the middle of the Map Page, shows your boat as a
triangular marker. Geographic names, markers and buoys that are provided by the
G-chart cartridge you’re using are also shown. It also displays your track, routes and
nearby waypoints. An on screen cursor lets you pan to other map areas, determine
the range and bearing to a position, and perform various waypoint and route functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable display of various navigation data, including course, speed over ground, and bearing
and distance to the cursor or a particular waypoint. The status bar, located at the
bottom of the page, displays the current map scale setting, as well as the status information described on page 3.
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Using the Map Cursor
The cursor is an important tool that can be used to pan to other map locations,
mark and edit waypoints and routes, and review position data of on-screen
navaids and waypoints. To get a feel for using the Map Page and cursor, try the
following exercise:
GETTING STARTED
Map Cursor
1. Use the H key to set the map scale to the 64 nm setting. Your boat should be near the
center of the map.
2. Use the DOWN arrow of the R keypad to move the cursor down to the first lat/lon grid
south of your boat’s position.
3. Using the R keypad to move the cursor, try following the outline of the lat/lon grid closest to your boat. Notice how another data field appears at the top of the page, showing
the bearing and distance from your boat to the cursor, along with the lat/lon of the cursor.
4. Press the Q key to remove the cursor and recenter your boat on the map display.
As you become more familiar with the cursor, you’ll see that the map display
actively scrolls or ‘pans,’ letting you explore areas in and outside of your current
G-chart coverage, and create waypoints and routes. Wherever you move the cursor, you’ll always be just one keystroke away from returning the map to your present position by pressing Q.
Now that you have a feel for how the cursor works, let’s move on and see how
the sounder works on the water. To help you practice using the Map Page and
other features, we’ve stored a practice route in the receiver’s memory so that you
can see exactly what you’ll experience when you’re navigating with your new GPS
chartplotter.
A
B
A. Whenever the cursor is active, the bearing and
distance of the cursor from your present position
will appear in a pop-up data window. To remove
the cursor and re-center your vessel on the map,
press the QUIT key.
B. To select an on-screen waypoint, simply move the
cursor over the desired waypoint. The
waypoint/navaid name and position, along with
the bearing and distance from your present position, will be displayed. Underwater waypoints
are also shown on the map.
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Going to a Destination
GETTING STARTED
Using the GOTO Feature
GPS is all about marking positions as waypoints and navigating to them using
the receiver’s steering guidance and map displays. We’ve already seen how to use
the M key to store our present position, so it’s time to move on to the fun part—
going to a destination. The G key, located on the left side of the keypad above
the Q key, is the primary tool used to select a destination waypoint or a route to
navigate. The G key can be used in three primary ways:
• Pressing G once displays a list of all waypoints in memory, from which
you can select a single destination waypoint.
• Pressing G followed by the O key provides a list of GOTO options
that lets you start a TracBack route, select a destination waypoint from the
nearest waypoints list, select a stored route to navigate, or cancel the current GOTO destination.
• Pressing G twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint,
navaid or cursor position as a destination directly from the map display.
A
B
A. Pressing GOTO once displays a list of all waypoints
stored in memory. To pick a destination, select the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. The GOTO options menu allows you to start a
TracBack route back home, select a destination
from the nearest waypoints list, or select a route
to navigate.
For our simulated trip, we’re going to select the pre-programmed tour
route. (Don’t delete the tour route. Once it’s deleted, it can’t be retrieved for further practice.) The tour route will automatically place our vessel at the first route
waypoint. Navigating the tour route will also give us an idea of how the O key
is used to provide context-sensitive options and functions. Let’s try it by activating
the practice tour route stored in memory for navigation:
1. Press G. The waypoint list page will appear. (If we were selecting a single waypoint
to navigate to rather than a route, we would highlight the waypoint and press T.)
2. Press O to display the options menu available for the GOTO function.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘Select Route?’ option. Press T to confirm.
4. The select route page will appear, with the ‘GPSMAP TOUR’ route highlighted.
12
5. Press T. The Map Page will reappear and display five waypoints chained together in
a simple route, with your boat at the first route waypoint.
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Going to a Destination (con’t.)
A data field at the top of the page will now display the bearing and distance to
the second route waypoint. To get started, let’s enter a speed for our vessel, which
we can do from the ‘Setup Simulator?’ listing on the map options menu. The
setup simulator page is available from any page in the main page sequence.
GETTING STARTED
Simulator Setup
To enter a boat speed:
1. Press the O key to display the map options menu.
2. Use the R keypad to select the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option and press T.
3. Once the setup simulator page appears, press T to access the SOG field.
4. Use the R keypad to enter a speed of 60 knots.
5. Press T to finish, and J to return to the map display.
Once a speed has been entered, you’ll notice that the map will begin to move
slowly, keeping your boat centered on the display. To get a better view of what’s
going on, zoom in to a closer map scale.
1. Press the H key to select the 16 nm scale.
You’ll now have a clearer picture of the route we are navigating, along with an
outline-only presentation of the surrounding shoreline. Because the usable range
of the built-in database is only valid to 64 nm scale (32nm in the U.S.), we no
longer have full cartography available.
Keep in mind that whenever you do exceed the usable range of the built-in
database or the G-chart cartridge in use, the range field will display ‘OVR ZM’ or
‘NO MAP’ to indicate that you should exercise extreme caution using the cartography data. See pages 42 and 85 for more information on map scales and using Gchart detailed cartography.
A
B
A. To enter a boat speed or define the simulated
course, highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option
and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Enter a boat speed of 60 knots to begin the tour.
Sixty knots will allow you to complete the Getting
Started tour in approximately 10-15 minutes.
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Going to a Destination (con’t.)
GETTING STARTED
Reviewing and Creating
Waypoints on the Map
Now that we’ve zoomed in a little closer to our route, we can pan ahead of our
vessel with the cursor to review and create on-screen waypoints and navaids. Try
moving the cursor to select the ‘TOUR3’ waypoint— just use the R keypad to
move the cursor as close as possible to the waypoint. (To move the cursor in small
increments, try a series of short key presses.)
Once the cursor is over the TOUR3 waypoint, you’ll notice that the waypoint
symbol and name will become highlighted. The data field at the top of the page
will display the waypoint name, the range and bearing from your present position,
and the coordinates for the waypoint.
To review the waypoint page for a selected waypoint:
1. Press the T key.
2. To return to the Map Page, press T again.
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints right from the map
display.
A
B
A. Waypoints can be created from the map display by
moving the cursor to the desired position and pressing the EDIT/ENTER key.
B. The create new waypoint page will automatically
assign the next available three-digit number as the
default waypoint name. If you are creating a
waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the navaid icon
and name will be used as the default symbol and
comment.
14
To create a new waypoint using the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor as close as possible to the following position:
N 35º 02.129’; W 076º 26.106’ (Use the data window to verify the cursor position.)
2. Press the T key to capture the cursor position.
3. Use the R key to highlight the waypoint symbol field.
4. Press T to access the symbol page.
5. Press the DOWN arrow of the R keypad twice to select the wreck symbol.
6. Press T to confirm, and T again to finish.
Now that we’re navigating to an actual destination, let’s move on to the next
page of the sounder, the Navigation Page:
1. Press the J key.
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Navigation Page
GETTING STARTED
Data
Fields
Overview
Compass Tape
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
CDI
Scale
The Navigation Page provides graphic steering guidance to your destination.
The bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to the destination, with your current
course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG), are displayed at the top of the
page, along with a compass tape to indicate your cardinal heading. The estimated
time enroute (ETE) and velocity made good (VMG, or the rate you are closing
in on your destination) are displayed at the bottom of the page.
As you head toward the destination, the middle section of the page gives you
visual guidance to your waypoint on a graphic highway, which displays the
route and nearby waypoints on screen. The moving arrow below the highway
always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you’re moving.
The line down the center of the highway represents your desired track, while
the bottom of the page provides a graphic indication of your crosstrack error
(the distance and direction you are off course) according to the scale at the bottom
right of the page.
In simulator mode, you can adjust your speed and course from the Navigation
Page using the R keypad. As you head toward each waypoint in the tour route,
try adjusting your boat speed and course to get a feel for how the highway works.
A
B
A. In this example, our boat is off course to the left
by about 1/8th of a mile (the base of the highway
map is equal to the scale selected at the bottom
right of the page). To get back on course, steer
right.
B. In this example, our boat is off course to the right.
To get back on course, steer left. A digital readout
of your exact crosstrack error can be displayed in
any of the six data fields (see page 47).
15
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Navigation Page (con’t.)
GETTING STARTED
Using the Navigation Page
To adjust the simulated boat speed:
1. Press the UP arrow of the R keypad to increase the speed in 5 knot/kph/mph increments. Press the DOWN arrow to decrease the speed in the same increments.
To steer the boat:
1. Press the LEFT or RIGHT arrows of the R keypad.
Notice that as you get off course, the highway and waypoint pointer move to
give you graphic guidance to get back on course. The scale in the lower right corner of the page represents the total distance (or the width) of the base of the highway display. The default graphic highway setting is 1/4 nm, but can be set for a
1/2-, 1-, 2- or 4-nm range.
To change the highway scale display:
1. Press the H or I key in either direction (up to increase, down to decrease the
scale).
A
B
A. To reset the simulator to steer the desired course
automatically, select the ‘Auto COG’ setting from
the options menu.
The Navigation Page data fields can also be configured to display any of eight
different navigation information categories. Let’s change the ETE field to ETA (estimated time of arrival).
To change a data field:
1. Press the O key to display the position page options.
B. The highway scale can be set to a 1/4-, 1/2-, 1-, 2-,
or 4-nm/mi/km range with the ZOOM keys.
2. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T. The field highlight will now
appear in the top-left data field (the COG field).
3. Use the R keypad to move the field highlight to the ETE field and press T. Highlight the
‘ETA’ option and press T, and press Q to finish.
16
Now that you’ve seen the five main pages, let’s look at the active route page,
which appears in the main page sequence whenever you are navigating a route:
1. Press J.
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Active Route Page
The active route page shows each waypoint of the active route in sequence,
with the waypoint name, distance and estimated time enroute to each waypoint
displayed. As you navigate the route, the active route list will be automatically
updated, indicating the next destination waypoint. The active route page also provides quick access to many route activation, editing and copying functions you’ll
use most often, like inverting and deactivating the active route. Let’s go ahead and
deactivate the active route.
GETTING STARTED
Active Route Page
To deactivate the active route and stop navigation:
1. Press the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Deactivate Route?’ option.
3. Press T to confirm.
To reset the boat speed to zero:
1. Press the O key.
2. Highlight the ‘Setup Simulator?’ option.
A
B
3. Press T.
4. Press T to access the SOG field.
5. Press the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the speed entry.
6. Press T.
As you’ve seen, the primary pages provide status, position, fishfinding, navigation and map information. The tour’s last page is the main menu page, which
allows access to the sounder’s waypoint, route and planning functions, as well as
various operational and navigation setup features. The main menu is available
from any page, and is accessed through the O key.
To access the main menu page:
1. Press the O key twice.
A. To stop navigating the active route, select the
‘Deactivate Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. Use the left arrow key to clear the SOG field and
press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
17
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Main Menu Page
GETTING STARTED
Main Menu and Power Off
The main menu page’s eleven submenus are divided into categories by function.
You can select a particular submenu by simply highlighting the desired option and
pressing T. To get a feel for how the main menu page works, let’s clear out the
track log we’ve created during our simulated tour. Clearing the track log will ensure
that you have a clean slate once you start navigating in your home waters.
To select the track submenu:
1. Highlight the ‘Track’ menu option and press T.
The track log page allows you to specify whether to record a track plot and define
how it is recorded. It also provides both an indicator of the total memory used and
the individual functions to clear the track log and start a TracBack route.
To delete the track log:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Track’ option and press T. A confirmation page will appear.
2. Highlight the ‘Yes’ prompt and press T to confirm.
A
B
A. The sounder’s track page lets you clear the track log
and start a TracBack route.
B. To delete the track log, confirm the warning page
by highlighting the ‘YES’ prompt and pressing
EDIT/ENTER.
3. Press J to return to the main page sequence.
Congratulations! You’ve now gone through the basic operation of the GARMIN
GPSMAP 235 Sounder. Your new digital chartplotter is a powerful tool with many
advanced features not covered in the Getting Started tour. For detailed instructions
on using these features or performing a specific task, please refer to the quick reference guide or the appropriate reference section of this manual.
To turn the sounder off:
1. Press the P key.
18
The next section of the manual describes the pages and features of the GPSMAP
235 Sounder in detail. If you are unable to locate a specific option or feature, please
refer to the index on pages 106-108.
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Status Page
STATUS PAGE
Status Field
Horizontal Accuracy
Overview
Satellite
Sky View
SECTION
1
Dilution of Precision
Signal Strength
Indicators
Status Bar
The Status Page provides a visual reference of various receiver functions,
including current satellite coverage, receiver operating mode and current receiver
accuracy. The status information will give you an idea of what the receiver is doing
at any given moment.
The sky view and signal strength bars give you an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and whether or not they are being tracked. The signal strength is shown on a bar graph for each satellite, with the satellite number
below. When a satellite is visible but not being tracked, the strength bar will not
be shown and the sky view indicator will not be highlighted.
The sky view shows a bird’s-eye view of the position of each satellite relative
to the receiver’s last known position. The outer circle represents the horizon (track
up), the inner circle 45º above the horizon, and the center point a position directly
overhead. Use the sky view to determine if there are obstructions shading your
reception of GPS signals.
A
B
A. Whenever the sounder is searching for satellites, no
signal strength bars will appear.
B. Once the receiver has found the satellite(s) indicated,
a hollow signal strength bar will appear. After satellite data has been collected, the signal strength bars
will become solid.
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Receiver Status, EPE and DOP
SECTION
1
STATUS PAGE
Receiver Status
Receiver status is displayed at the top of the page, with the current estimated
position error (EPE) and dilution of precision (DOP) to the left of the sky view.
DOP is an indication of satellite geometry quality measured on a scale of one to
ten (lowest numbers the best, highest numbers the poorest). EPE uses DOP and
other factors to calculate a horizontal position error in feet or meters. The status
field will show one of the following conditions:
• Searching the Sky: The receiver is looking for satellites.
• AutoLocate: The receiver is is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been collected. The autolocate process can take up to five minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites: The receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites visible at its last known or initialized position, but has not collected enough data to calculate a fix.
A
B
A. The status bar at the bottom of the page displays
important status, alarm and map scale information. It also provides on-screen user and message
prompts.
B. The status bar will display an anchor symbol or
‘PRX’ icon whenever the anchor drag alarm or
proximity alarm has been triggered.
• 2D Navigation: At least three satellites with good geometry have been acquired and a
two dimensional position fix (latitude and longitude) is being calculated. ‘2D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
2D mode.
• 3D Navigation: At least four satellites with good geometry have been acquired and
your position is now being calculated in latitude, longitude and altitude. ‘3D
Differential Navigation’ will appear when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
3D mode.
• Poor GPS Coverage: The receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D
or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable: The receiver is unusable, possibly due to incorrect initialization
or abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and back on to reset.
• Simulating Navigation: The receiver is in simulator mode.
20
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Satellite Status Page Options
The satellite Status Page features an options menu that provides access to functions and features relating to the Status Page.
STATUS PAGE
SECTION
Initialize Position,
AutoLocate, North Up,
and Setup Simulator
1
To display the Status Page options menu:
1. From the Status Page, press O.
There are four options:
• Initialize Position?: Allows you to initialize the receiver graphically or by text. See
page 1 for instructions on initialization.
• Start AutoLocate?: Allows the receiver to locate your position automatically.
• North Up SkyView?: Allows you to select between a north up or track up sky view
display.
• Setup Simulator?: Allows you to define speed, course and position values while in
simulator mode. See the getting started tour for more on using the simulator mode.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
A
B
A. Whenever the sounder is in simulator mode, the
‘Setup Simulator?’ option will appear on the option
menu for each of the main pages.
B. The setup simulator page allows you to define your
speed and course over ground, as well as your position, altitude, and depth. The ‘Auto COG’ option
will automatically steer the desired course to your
destination. Your speed and course can also be
selected from the Navigation Page using the rocker
keypad (see page 13).
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Position Page
SECTION
2
POSITION PAGE
Overview
Compass
Tape
Data
Fields
Position
Coordinates
Time
of Day
The trip odometer can be reset from the Position Page
options menu. To reset the odometer, select the ‘Reset
Trip Distance?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
22
Status Bar
The position page shows your position, direction, and speed. There is a graphic
compass tape at the top of the page that shows the direction you’re heading (you
have to be moving), and four selectable data fields: course over ground (COG),
speed over ground (SOG), distance traveled (TRP) and altitude (ALT). The bottom
half of the page displays your present position’s coordinates, along with the time
of day (calculated using GPS satellites). The status bar at the bottom of the page
displays important status, alarm and map scale information. It also provides onscreen user and message prompts.
The units of measure for speed, distance, position and altitude are all userselectable through the navigation setup option on the main menu page
(page 79). The time of day is shown in UTC (Universal Time Coordinated, or
Greenwich Mean Time) and can be set to a 12- or 24-hour time format (with a
local offset) through the system setup option on the main menu page.
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Position Page Options
The position page features an options menu that provides access to functions
and features relating to the position page.
To display the position page options menu:
1. Press O.
POSITION PAGE
SECTION
Trip Distance, Date
Fields, Restore Defaults,
and Simulator Setup
2
There are four options:
• Reset Trip Distance?: Resets the trip odometer (TRP) field to zero.
• Change Data Fields?: Allows you to choose the data displayed in the four userselectable data fields. There are eight data types:
• SOG: Speed over ground
• VDC: DC voltage
• TRP: Distance traveled
• STW: Speed through water
• ALT: Altitude
• COG: Course over ground
• DPT: Depth
• TMP: Temperature
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all data fields to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?: Allows you to define speed, course and position values while in
simulator mode. See the getting started tour for more on using simulator mode.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the field you want to change and press T.
3. Select the desired data field option and press T.
A
B
A. The four data fields at the top of the Position Page
can be changed by selecting the ‘Change Data
Fields?’ option.
B. Each data field can be set to display speed over
ground, course over ground, distance traveled, altitude, DC voltage, and depth. Speed thru water and
temperature display are available if you are using a
properly equipped transducer.
23
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Sounder Page
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Range Mode
Data Field
Overview
Fish Icon
Whiteline
Black Line
Thermocline
Status Bar
A
B
A. The right side of the screen represents the transducer’s location on your boat. Items appearing
on the right side of the screen were passed by
more recently than those on the left.
B. The four-level gray LCD screen makes it possible
to easily separate sonar targets from their
surroundings.
24
The Sounder Page is where your GPSMAP 235 becomes a powerful fishfinder.
The top of the screen can display a maximum of seven selectable data field
options, while the middle of the page displays a right-to-left moving sonar image
of the water beneath your boat. (Note: Items appear as they pass under your
transducer.) Fish are displayed as a darkened arch or a fish symbol in three different sizes. Thermoclines are shown as shades of gray.
The area of strongest sonar return (or “whiteline”) is displayed as a light gray
band below the black line. Typically, the bottom will be the primary whiteline. A
thin whiteline indicates a soft bottom while a thick whiteline shows a harder bottom. A black line is used to show the point were the water meets the whiteline.
The black line follows the contour of the bottom and shows objects of reasonable
size. Along the right side of the screen is an adjustable scale which reflects the
depth of the area being displayed. The status bar at the bottom of the page displays satellite signal status, digital depth, operating frequencies (single or dual
mode), and any triggered alarms. It also shows the zoom level when the sounder
is in the zoom mode.
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Range Modes
SECTION
The sounder features three depth range modes: auto, manual, and window.
Auto is the default setting and continually adjusts the screen display to show the
maximum amount of detail possible, while always showing the bottom; manual
allows you to adjust the sonar display’s depth using the R keypad; window lets
you establish a starting depth (top) and length (span) for the sonar display.
Switching Between Ranges and Modes
SOUNDER PAGE
Range Modes
3
The R keypad is used to switch between manual and auto modes. Window
mode, however, can only be turned on from the sounder options menu (see page
31).
To switch from auto to manual mode:
1. Press the R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed on the
scale at the right side of the page.
2. Press T to confirm the selected range or Q to return to auto mode.
To adjust manual range or switch from manual to auto mode:
1. Press the R keypad up or down until the desired depth range is displayed, then
press T to confirm the selected depth.
A
B
2. You can easily switch to auto mode if you press and hold the R up or down until
you hear a repeated beep. ‘Auto’ will be displayed in the function field at the top
right corner of the page. Press T to confirm.
A. Auto mode will show the most information
available while always keeping the bottom in
view.
To adjust the window range any time after the unit has been put in window
mode:
B. The range scale will be highlighted when using
the arrow keypad to adjust manual range mode
or when switching between auto and manual
mode.
1. Press R once in any direction. The window range submenu will appear.
2. Enter values for the ‘top’ and ‘span’ fields and press T. When finished, press
Q.
25
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Zoom Feature
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Zoom Feature
The zoom feature allows you to view a smaller portion of the complete range in
greater detail.
The zoom feature operates in auto or manual mode. Auto zoom will follow the
bottom contour while manual zoom will display the selected depth. For more on
the zoom feature, see pages 26-27.
To use the zoom feature:
1. While viewing the Sounder Page, press I. The zoomed part of the display
(always the bottom part) shows you twice the detail of the original display at half
the depth.
2. Pressing I a second time shows you twice the detail of the original at half the
depth in one screen.
3. Pressing I a third time shows you four times the detail in the zoomed part of
the screen at a quarter of the original depth.
A
B
A. The 4X full display screen shows the original
picture at four times the detail.
B. For dual frequency operation (in this example
200 kHz/50 kHz), the bottom half of the screen
shows the original picture at the original viewing
depth, at the bottom frequency (50 kHz).
26
4. Pressing I a fourth time shows you four times the detail in the zoomed part of
the screen at a quarter of the original depth in one screen.
Note: When dual frequency is selected, there is no split zoom with a full range
over a zoomed window. Both the 50 kHz and the 200 kHz will zoom together,
regardless of which is on top or bottom.
To turn the zoom feature off, press H until the original scale picture appears and a triple beep
sounds.
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Zoom Window Depth Scale
SOUNDER PAGE
Once a zoom window is displayed, it’s depth scale can be adjusted. A hollow
indicator bar is displayed to the left of the depth scale on the original picture (top
half of the screen). The depth scale of the zoom window corresponds to the range
set by the indicator bar. To adjust the depth scale of the zoom window, simply use
the arrow keypad and move the indicator bar up or down setting it to the desired
range. The depth scale of the zoom window now corresponds to the range set by
the indicator bar. Press T to accept or press Q to return to the previous window position. The indicator bar is only visible when zoom is split but you can
always adjust the zoom window, even in full screen mode.
Underwater Waypoints
Zoom Window Scale and
Underwater Waypoints
SECTION
3
The underwater waypoint feature marks the position and depth of an object
which you might want to return to, such as a stump, underwater ledge, etc.
To mark an underwater waypoint:
1. Press T to pause the moving screen.
2. Press the R keypad in any direction to turn on the on-screen cursor. A data field
will appear showing the cursor’s depth, bearing and distance from your current
position, and the waypoint’s coordinates. The depth will also be highlighted in the
scale bar. Since the distance and bearing shown are measured from the boat to
the waypoint, they will change as your boat moves, even if the cursor is stationary.
3. Use the R keypad to move the cursor onto the target (stump, etc.) to be marked.
4. Press T. A ‘Create New Waypoint’ page will appear listing the waypoint’s coordinates, default three digit name, and depth.
A
B
A. Use the target cursor to mark an underwater
waypoint and press ENTER.
B. Underwater waypoints can be marked while
using the zoom feature by following the same
steps used for a non-zoomed screen.
5. Enter any information for the waypoint such as name, etc., and press T.
6. To resume display movement, press Q or T.
Note: If you only want to see the depth of an object and not mark it as a waypoint, once the depth is displayed, press Q and return to normal operation.
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Map/Sounder Page Split Screen
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Map/Sounder Split
Screen
The sounder can display a split screen view of the sounder window and Map
Page. The split screen feature is turned on from the Map Page.
To view the split screen:
A
B
1. Press J until the Map Page appears.
2. Press O to display the Map Page options menu.
A. The split screen display is activated from the
Map Page.
B. In the split screen mode, the Map Page is fully
functional but the Sounder Page is for viewing
purposes only.
28
3. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
4. Select either of the entries for ‘Fields and Sounder’ and press T.
In the split screen mode, the Map Page is fully functional but the Sounder Page
is for viewing purposes only. To modify the Sounder Page, you must press Q
(to access the Sounder Page), make any desired changes, and then press J to
return to the split screen (in dual frequency mode, the bottom transducer frequency is always shown). Note: For best results, it is recommended that you maximize the map portion of the split screen (see page 43).
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Sounder Page Options
SECTION
The Sounder Page options menu lets you customize the sounder’s features to
suit your needs.
SOUNDER PAGE
Sensitivity
To display the Sounder Page options menu:
3
1. From the Sounder Page, press O.
The following options are available:
• Sensitivity Adjust?: Sensitivity controls the sounder’s ability to show echoes without
introducing interference. With Garmin’s technology called Depth Controlled Gain,
you will rarely have to manually adjust the sensitivity. Under actual operating conditions, DCG automatically adjusts the sensitivity for the best setting. Under unusual
conditions (such as shooting the transducer through fiberglass) you can adjust the
sensitivity described in the following steps:
To change the sensitivity setting:
1. From the Sounder Page press O to access the options list. Highlight ‘Sensitivity
Adjust?’ and press T.
2. The sensitivity value display field in the upper-right corner of the screen will be
highlighted. Use the R keypad to select the desired percentage and press T.
A
B
A. Use the sounder options page to change the
Sounder Page display to fit your needs.
B. For greater control, the sensitivity amount can
be adjusted from the default setting of 50% to a
greater or lesser value (0%-100%).
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Sounder Page Options (con’t.)
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Whiteline, Chart Speed,
Range Mode
• Whiteline Adjust: Whiteline indicates the relative hardness or softness of the bottom.
The bottom itself is shown as a continuous black line, while the whiteline shows up as
a light gray band just below. The whiteline becomes thicker or thinner depending on
bottom hardness. A thin or absent whiteline indicates a soft bottom (muddy or
weedy), while a thick whiteline shows a hard bottom.
Adjusting the whiteline lets you distinguish between strong and weak echoes which
will allow you to tell the difference between a hard and soft bottom. Since whiteline
shows the difference between strong and weak signals, adjusting the sensitivity may
require a different whiteline level. The default whiteline setting is 5%. Five percent
typically provides the best picture under current conditions. For more control, you
can add or subtract the amount of whiteline as described in the steps below. As with
sensitivity, experiment with whiteline to find the setting that’s best for your conditions.
To change the whiteline setting:
1. From the Sounder Page press O to access the options list. Highlight ‘Whiteline
Adjust?’ and press T.
A
B
A. The whiteline value is changed from the options
menu which is accessed from the Sounder Page.
B. Chart speed is adjustable from 10% to 100% in
increments of ten.
2. The whiteline value display field in the upper right-corner of the screen will be
highlighted. Use the R keypad to select the desired percentage and press T.
• Chart Speed Adjust: Chart speed is the rate at which echoes scroll across the
screen.
To change the chart speed:
1. From the Sounder Page, press O to access the options list. Highlight Chart
Speed Adjust? and press T.
2. The chart speed display field in the upper-right corner of the screen will be highlighted. Use the R keypad to select the desired value and press T.
• Set Range Mode: Allows you to select auto, manual, or window range modes.
30
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Sounder Page Options (con’t.)
SOUNDER PAGE
Auto is the default setting and continually adjusts the screen display to show
the maximum amount of detail possible, while always showing the bottom.
Manual allows you to adjust the sonar display’s depth using the R keypad.
Window lets you establish a starting depth (top) and length (span) for the sonar
display.
Range Mode and Page
Display
SECTION
3
To set the range mode:
1. From the Sounder Page, press O to access the options list. Highlight the ‘Set
Range Mode?’ option and press T.
2. Choose the desired mode and press T. Nothing further is required to activate
auto or manual modes. Window range mode, however, will require setup for firsttime use or to change the existing window values.
3. Press the R keypad once in any direction to display a window range definition
field. Enter a value for the TOP (depth at which the window will start) and the
SPAN (length it will cover).
4. To finish, press Q. Note: Previous window range values will be used whenever
the window range is turned on unless changed from the window range definition
field.
• Setup Page Display?: Allows you to select the fields displayed in the data section of
the Sounder Page. There are seven options:
• 1 Field
• 1 Field & Compass
• 1 Field & CDI
• 3 Fields
• 3 Fields & Compass
• 3 Fields & CDI
• 5 Fields
A
B
A. You can select from three range modes.
B. There are seven Sounder Page data display
options.
To change the page display:
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the desired field and press T.
3. Select a page display option and press T.
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Sounder Page Options (con’t.)
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Data Fields and Restore
Defaults
• Change Data Fields?: Allows you to specify the data displayed in each data field on
the Sounder Page. There are thirteen options:
• BRG: Bearing to active wpt
• SOG: Speed over ground
• ETE: Estimated time enroute
• XTK: Crosstrack error
• TRN: Turn angle to wpt
• DPT: Depth
• STW: Speed through water
• DIS: Distance to active wpt
• COG: Course over ground
• ETA: Estimated time of arrival
• VMG: Velocity made good
• VDC: DC voltage
• TMP: Temperature
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the desired field and press T.
3. Select a data field option and press T.
4. When finished, press Q.
A
B
A. The Sounder Page can be configured to display
up to five data fields simultaneously.
B. Any of thirteen information options may be
shown in a designated data field.
32
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all Sounder Page options except sounder setup to the
factory settings. See page 38 for restoring defaults on the sounder setup page.
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Sounder Setup Page
SECTION
The next Sounder Page menu option is ‘Sounder Setup?’ which accesses the
sounder setup page. There are eight fields on the sounder setup page which allow
you to customize the sounder’s features: Fish ID, Target Depth, Water
Temperature, Water Type, Noise Rejection, Keel Offset, Frequency, and Speed
Calibration.
SOUNDER PAGE
Fish ID Setup
3
To access the sounder setup page:
1. From the Sounder Page, press O to access the options list. Highlight the
‘Sounder Setup?’ option and press T.
• Fish ID: The Fish ID determines how the GPSMAP 235 Sounder identifies and
labels sonar targets on the viewing screen.
The ‘On’ and ‘Fish Only’ settings display fish symbols on the screen in place of
actual target echoes. There are three fish symbol sizes: small, medium, and large.
These are used to point out the relative size between targets. In other words, the
sounder displays a small fish symbol when it thinks a target is a small fish, a medium fish symbol on a larger target, etc.
Sometimes you see fish symbols on the screen when actually there are no fish
because, at times, the sounder may not be able to distinguish between fish and certain other suspended objects. Practice using the sounder with and without Fish ID
to become more familiar with it.
There are three Fish ID settings:
• Off: Is the default setting and displays all sonar target information in an
unprocessed form.
A
B
A. When ‘FISH ID’ is turned off, all sonar target
information is displayed in an unprocessed form.
B. The range scale will be highlighted when using
the arrow keypad to adjust manual range mode or
when switching between auto and manual mode.
• On: Shows small, medium, or large fish symbols in place of arches and displays
other echo information (thermoclines, thin stumps, etc.) as shades of gray.
• Fish Only: Shows fish symbols.
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Sounder Setup Page (con’t.)
SECTION
3
SOUNDER PAGE
Fish ID and Water
Temperature Setup
To select Fish ID:
1. Highlight the ‘FISH ID’ option and press T. The ‘FISH ID’ submenu will appear.
2. Highlight the desired setting and press T.
• Target Depth: Displays the digital depth of each fish symbol.
• On: Shows fish symbols with corresponding digital depth.
• Off: Does not display depth.
To select target depth:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the target depth field and press T. A corresponding submenu will appear.
2. Highlight your submenu selection and press T.
A
B
A. The digital depth of each fish symbol will be
displayed when target depth is turned on.
B. There are three water temperature options.
34
• Water Type: Maximizes the sounder’s operation in cold, cool, or warm water, salt
or fresh. One field is for water temperature and one is for water composition. Set
the water temperature option to ‘Cold’ if the water is below 40ºF, ‘Cool’ if it is
between 40º- 80ºF, and ‘Warm’ if it is above 80ºF. Set the water composition field
to salt or freshwater depending on where you are fishing.
To select water temperature or composition:
1. Use the R keypad to select the temperature or water composition field and press
T. A corresponding submenu will appear.
2. Highlight your submenu selection and press T.
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Sounder Setup Page (con’t.)
SOUNDER PAGE
• Noise Rejection: Removes cross talk from other sounders or ignition noise from poor
boat motor installations (non-shielded plugs, etc.).
Noise Rejection and Keel
Offset Setup
There are three options:
SECTION
3
• Off: The unit will not remove anything it thinks is cross talk noise. The noise will
be displayed on the screen.
• On: The unit will always remove anything it thinks is cross talk noise, and attempt
to ‘repair’ the damage done by suspected interference with real echoes.
• Auto: Auto is the default setting. Auto identifies the presence of cross talk noise,
and turns the rejection on when it needs to. When the noise disappears, it turns the
rejection off.
To set Noise Rejection:
1. Highlight the ‘Noise Rejection’ field and press T. A submenu will appear.
2. Select the Noise Rejection setting and press T.
• Keel Offset: Allows you to set the point from which the sounder will measure depth.
Keel offset makes it possible to measure depth from the bottom of your keel instead of
from the transducer's location. A positive number will measure depth from a deeper
point while a negative number reflects a shallower point.
To set Keel Offset:
1. Highlight the ‘Keel Offset’ field and press T. Use the R to enter the keel
offset value and press T.
• Frequency: Allows you to select a transducer frequency. Frequency refers to the
“pitch” of the sound that the transducer sends and receives. Typically, low frequencies
(50 kHz) provide the deepest readings. High frequencies (200 kHz) provide better resolution and detail. The dual frequency modes of the GPSMAP 235 combine low-and
high-frequency operation which gives you the advantages of both.
A
B
A. Auto is the noise rejection default setting. Auto
identifies the presence of cross talk noise and
turns the noise rejection on when it needs to.
When the noise dissapears, turns the rejection
off.
B. Keel offset allows you to precisely set the point
from which the sounder will measure depth.
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SOUNDER PAGE
Transducer Frequency
and Speed Calibration
Setup
Sounder Setup Page (con’t.)
There are four options:
• 200 kHz: Best suited for shallow, inland waters where deep water performance is
not critical and bottom detail and resolution is the highest priority.
• 50 kHz: For maximum deepest readings. Note: Maximum readable depths in saltwater will be 25% - 50% less than freshwater depths, because of saltwater attenuation of the sonar signal.
• 200/50 kHz: Allows you to operate with two frequencies for maximum depth readings with good bottom detail and resolution. When the split screen is displayed,
the bottom frequency (in this case, 50 kHz) is always shown on the bottom screen.
• 50/200 kHz: For viewing versatility, select 50/200 kHz which will allow you to
view the 200 kHz setting in the bottom screen.
To select a transducer frequency:
1. Highlight the ‘Frequency’ field and press T. Use the R to select a frequency
and press T.
A
B
A. The 200 kHz/50 kHz selection gives you maximum depth readings with good bottom detail and
resolution.
B. Calibration is required if you are using a transducer capable of displaying speed through the
water.
36
• Speed Calibration: If you are using a transducer capable of displaying speed
through water (STW), calibration is required to ensure that the STW displayed by
the sounder will be accurate. The unit can be calibrated automatically or manually,
but auto calibration is recommended (the default setting).
To calibrate the unit:
1. Press O to display the sounder options page.
2. Using the R keypad, highlight ‘Sounder Setup?’ and press T.
3. Choose between auto and manual calibration (COG field).
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Sounder Setup Page (con’t.)
GETTING STARTSOUNDER
PAGE
ED
Speed Calibration Setup
To use Auto Calibration:
1. Ensure ‘Auto Calibrate?’ is displayed in the speed calibration field. If it is not, press
O to display the calibration menu.
Using the GOTO
Key
2. Highlight ‘Auto Calibrate’ and press T.
SECTION
3
3. Press T again and an instruction message will appear.
4. Read the instructions and press T when you are ready to begin calibration.
5. Slowly accelerate your boat to a maximum safe cruising speed and then back
down to a stop and press T. The minimum and maximum speed which the unit
is now calibrated for will be displayed in the ‘calibrated range’ field.
6. Auto calibration is complete.
When manual calibration mode is selected, the speed calibration bar will
appear as a white horizontal strip with a black slider bar.
Before entering the calibration, you will need to compare the value shown on
the speed calibration field’s STW display, with your boat’s actual speed as determined by the speedometer or by using a stop watch. Accelerate to a safe speed and
compare the two speed readings.
A
B
A. When you are ready to begin calibration, read
the instructions and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. When manual calibration mode is selected, the
speed calibration bar will appear as a white horizontal strip, with a black slider bar positioned in
the middle.
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GETTING STARTSOUNDER PAGE
ED and
Speed Calibration
Simulator
Using
the Setup
GOTO
Key
Sounder Setup Page (con’t.)
To use manual calibration:
1. Ensure manual calibration mode is selected in the speed calibration field. If not,
press O, highlight ‘Manual Calibrate?’, and press O.
2. Press T. The slider bar will turn black and the calibration range bar will turn
white.
3. Use the R keypad to move the selector bar until the speed displayed in the ‘STW’
field matches the speed of your boat. Move the bar to the left for negative values
and right for positive values.
4. When the desired speed is displayed, press T.
5. Press Q to return to the Sounder Page.
Two options can be accessed from the sounder setup options menu: ‘Manual or
Auto Calibration’ (whichever one currently is not selected) and ‘Restore Defaults.’
Access the options menu by pressing O, select an option, and press T.
A
B
A. The ‘Setup Simulator?’ option is included in the
options menu for each of the five main pages
when in simulator mode.
B. Each simulator data field may be modified to
display user-selected values and navigational
information.
38
• Setup Simulator: The setup simulator option will appear only when the unit is in
simulator mode. It allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth, and
position values. See the getting started tour for more details on using the simulator.
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Map Page
GETTING STARTMAPEDPAGE
Overview
Data
Window
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
4
Boat
Icon
Map
Scale
Status
Bar
The Map Page provides a comprehensive display of electronic cartography,
plotting and navigational data. The map display shows your boat on a digital
chart, complete with geographic names, navaids, depth contours and other chart
features. It also plots your track and displays any routes and waypoints you create.
An on-screen cursor lets you pan and scroll to other map areas, determine the distance and bearing to a position, and perform various route and waypoint
functions.
The data window, located at the top of the page, provides a user-selectable display of your current course and speed over ground, along with the bearing and
distance to a destination waypoint. Whenever the cursor is active, an additional
data window will appear below to indicate the position, range and bearing to the
cursor or a selected waypoint or navaid. Each data field may be configured to display any one of thirteen data options. The data window can also be changed to
display additional data fields, a compass tape, or a CDI scale. The status bar at
the bottom of the page displays the map scale currently in use.
A
B
A. Use the cursor to pan ahead to other map areas.
The map display will automatically scroll forward when you reach the edge of the map.
B. To select or ‘highlight’ an on-screen navaid or
waypoint, simply move the cursor over the waypoint symbol. The cursor will ‘snap’ to the waypoint, and display its name and position in the
data field.
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GETTING STARTMAPEDPAGE
Mapthe
Modes
Using
GOTO
Key
Page 40
Map Modes
There are two map operating modes: the position mode and the cursor mode.
When the map is in the position mode, the position marker pans the cartography
to keep itself within the display area. When the map is in the cursor mode, the
cursor pans the cartography to keep the itself within the display area. The sounder
will always power up in the position mode, with your vessel centered on the map
display. Here are some points to keep in mind when using the position mode:
• Whenever sufficient map coverage is not available to keep the boat centered, the boat symbol will move toward the edge of the display.
• If the boat symbol attempts to go off the display, adjust the zoom level to
keep the cartography on the screen.
Whenever the R keypad is pressed, the sounder will enter cursor mode. In the
cursor mode:
A
B
A. Position mode on inland water cartography.
B. Cursor mode on inland water cartography.
40
• The cursor can be moved around the map display using the R keypad.
• Whenever the cursor reaches the edge of the display, the map will scroll
forward under the cursor. Keep in mind that the boat symbol will move
with the map scrolling and may go off the display screen (you may not be
able to see your present position).
• When the cursor is stationary, a fixed coordinate position will appear in the
position field. Note that the distance and bearing will change as the boat’s
position changes.
• Whenever you zoom in cursor mode, the cursor will be centered on screen.
To return to position mode, press the Q key.
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Using the Cursor
GETTING STARTMAPEDPAGE
Using the Cursor
The cursor allows you to pan away from your present position and scroll to
other map areas (even outside of your current G-chart coverage). As you pan past
the edge of the current map display, the screen will actively scroll forward to provide continuous map coverage.
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
4
To move the cursor:
1. Press the R keypad to move the cursor up, down, left or right.
As you move the cursor, the distance and bearing from your present position to
the cursor will be displayed in the data window, along with the cursor’s position
coordinates. Keep in mind that when the cursor is stationary, the distance and
bearing from your present position will change as your boat moves. The cursor
can also be used to ‘snap’ to on-screen waypoints and navaids, allowing you to
review a selected position directly from the map display.
To select an on-screen waypoint or navaid with the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired waypoint or navaid (if there are
several waypoints grouped closely together, zoom in closer for a better view).
2. When a waypoint or navaid is selected, it will become highlighted on-screen, with the
name and position displayed.
To eliminate the cursor and re-center your position on-screen:
1. Press the Q key.
The cursor can also be used to create new waypoints directly from the map.
A
B
A. To create a new waypoint at the cursor, move the
cursor to the desired position and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. The create new waypoint page will appear, where
you may change the waypoint name, symbol and
comment before saving the waypoint.
To create a waypoint with the cursor:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position.
2. Press T.
3. Press T to confirm the new waypoint using the default three-digit name.
41
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GETTING STARTMAPEDPAGE
Map Scales
Using the GOTO
Key
Selecting Map Scales
The map display has 16 available range scales from 1/8th to 4096 nautical miles
(1/4 to 7500 kilometers). The map scale is controlled by the I and H keys,
with the current scale displayed at the bottom of the data window.
To select a map scale:
1. Press H to zoom out and I to zoom in.
The sounder has a built-in worldwide database to 64 (32 in U.S.) nautical miles
(see Appendix D for a built-in coverage map), with more detailed coverage available through the use of G-chartTM data cartridges (see pages 84-85 for installing
and using G-chartTM cartridges). The sounder will display cartography as long as
there is chart information available for the range you’ve selected. Map coverage
will conform to the following conditions:
A
B
A. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by up to two settings, an ‘Ovr
Zm’ warning will appear in the scale field.
B. Whenever the selected map scale exceeds the resolution of the chart by more than two settings, a ‘No
Map’ warning will appear in the scale field.
42
• When the selected zoom range is covered by either the internal database or
a G-chart data cartridge, cartography will be displayed.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal database and
a G-chart cartridge, cartography will be displayed using the data with the
best resolution.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by
up to two settings, overzoom cartography will be displayed. The display
will not show any filled landmass areas, and an ‘Ovr Zm’ warning will
appear in the scale field. The lat/lon grid will also be turned on regardless
of the map configuration setting.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the chart in use by
more than two settings, all cartography will be replaced by a track plot display, and a ‘No Map’ warning will appear in the scale field. The lat/lon grid
will be displayed regardless of the map configuration setting. Additional
caution should be used while navigating in track plot mode.
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Map Page Options
GETTING
STARTMAP PAGE
Maximize
ED Map,
The Map Page options menu provides access to many of the features and functions that will help you configure the Map Page to your own preferences.
Outlines, and Measure
Using the GOTO
Bearing and Distance
Key
To display the Map Page options menu:
1. From the Map Page, press O.
SECTION
4
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
There are eight options:
• Maximize Map?: Allows you to view the map display with or without a data window. Pressing T removes the data window from the Map Page. To display the
data window once again, highlight ‘Normal Map?’ from the options menu and press
T.
• Map Outlines Off?: Allows you to view the map display with or without
G-chart cartography outlines. Pressing T removes the outlines from the map display. To display the map outlines once again, highlight Map Outlines Off? from the
options menu and press T.
• Measure BRG/DIS?: Allows you to measure the bearing and distance between any
two points on the map display.
To measure the bearing and distance between two points:
1. Highlight the ‘Measure BRG/DIS?’ option and press T. An on-screen pointer will
appear on the map display at your present position.
A
B
A. The map options menu provides access to all map
configuration, page display and data field
options.
B. The ‘Maximize Map?’ option will eliminate the
data fields and show full-screen cartography.
2. Move the cursor to the desired reference point (the point that you want to measure from)
and press T.
3. Move the cursor to the point that you want to measure to. The bearing and distance from
the reference point will be displayed at the bottom left of the data window. Press Q to
finish.
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GETTING STARTMAP PAGE
ConfigureED
Map and
Change
Using Orientation
the GOTO
Key
Map Page Options (con’t.)
• Configure the Map?: Allows you to determine what map items are displayed on a
particular map scale which will help prevent excessive clutter. The map configuration page shows a list of twelve map items with corresponding zoom scale selection
boxes.
•GEO Names
•Waypt Names
•Navaid Text
•Active Rte/Trk
•Depth, Shallow
•National Hwy
•Depth, Deep
•Local Hwy
•Lat/Lon Grid
•Local Road
•Waypoints
•Road Labels
To configure the map:
1. Highlight ‘Configure the Map?’ and press T. The map configuration page will
appear.
A
B
2. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item and press T.
A pop-up window will appear with the current settings displayed.
A. The map configuration grid allows you to define
what items appear on the display at each map scale.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the scale you want to change.
B. To turn an entire row on for the selected map item,
highlight the ‘Enable Row?’ option and press T.
5. Press Q to finish.
4. Press T to turn the setting on or off.
The map configuration page also allows you to set the map display to a
North Up, Track Up or Desired Track Up orientation.
To change the map orientation:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘Orientation’ field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
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Map Page Options (con’t.)
GETTING STARTMAP PAGE
ED Rows
Enable/Disable
From the map configuration page, you can also access another options menu by
highlighting any of the items and pressing O. There are five options:
•Enable or Disable a Row?: Allows you to turn an entire row on or off.
Using
the
GOTO
and Map
Calibration
Key
To turn an entire row on or off:
SECTION
4
1. Use the R keypad to select the desired map item.
2. Press the O key.
3. Select the ‘Enable Row?’ or ‘Disable Row?’ option and press T.
•Calibrate the Map?: The map configuration options page also features a map calibration feature that allows you to calibrate the map display using your exact physical surroundings or correct data from older charts. Before using the map calibration feature,
check to make sure that your map datum selected on the GPS matches the datum on the
chart you are using (see page 80). To calibrate the map display, you must know exactly
where you are, and understand that the correction is generally valid only in a limited
range from the point of correction.
Map calibration should only be performed while the vessel is still, and should
never be used to attempt SA corrections, which can degrade accuracy up to 330’
(100 meters). The maximum correction is 16,400 feet (5000m).
To calibrate the map:
A
B
A. To calibrate the map, highlight the ‘Calibrate the
Map?’ option and press EDIT/ENTER.
1. Select the ‘Calibrate the Map?’ option and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to move the arrow cursor from the satellite position (indicated
by the satellite symbol) to your exact position. The bearing, distance and position
will be indicated in the data window.
3. Press T to confirm the calibration offset.
B. A satellite icon will remain on the map to indicate the GPS position, while the boat marker will
reflect the calibration changes.
CAUTION!
The map calibration feature should never be used
to attempt to correct Selective Availability errors.
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GETTING STARTMAP PAGE
ED Restore
Map Colors,
Defaults,
PageGOTO
Display
Using the
Key
Map Page Options (con’t.)
•Set Map Colors?: The next option available from the map configuration page is the set
map colors option, which allows you to define the fill color (grayscale) of the land and
water used on the map display. Three options are available: no color (no fills for land or
water), gray land/white water (the default setting), and white land/gray water.
To select a map colors option:
1. Select the ‘Set Map Colors?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the desired map color option and press T.
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all map configuration options to their factory settings.
To restore the map configuration options to the factory defaults:
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ settings and press T.
Press Q twice to exit the map configuration page and access the map display..
Press O on the map display to once again access the main options menu. The
next main menu option after Configure the Map is Setup Page Display.
A
B
A. The color option allows you to define the fill color
(grayscale) of the land and water used on the map
display. Three options are available: no color (no
fills for land or water), gray land/white water (the
default setting), and white land/gray water.
B. The default option resets all map configuration
options to their factory settings.
46
• Setup Page Display?: Allows you to specify what fields are displayed in the data window section of the Map Page by selecting one of the following display options:
•2 Fields & Compass
•6 Fields & Compass
•2 Fields & CDI
•6 Fields & CDI
•4 Fields
•8 Fields
•4 Fields & Compass
•2 Fields & Sounder
•4 Fields & CDI
•4 Fields & Sounder
•6 Fields
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Map Page Options (con’t.)
MAP PAGE
Split Screen Option
The last two display options make it possible to display both the Map Page and
Sounder Page simultaneously in a split screen arrangement. The top half of the
page will show a reduced-size Map Page while the Sounder Page is displayed in
the lower half of the screen. Note: When the dual frequency 200 kHz/50 kHz is
selected on the Sounder Page, 50 kHz only is shown in the lower half of the split
screen Map Page, when 50 kHz/200 kHz is selected, 200 kHz only is always
shown in the lower half of the split screen.
To modify or access the Sounder Page display, press Q or T until the actual
Sounder Page appears, make any desired changes, and then return to the split
screen Map Page.
To select a page display option:
1. Highlight the ‘Setup Page Display?’ option and press T.
A
SECTION
4
B
A. The Map Page can be configured to display a variety of navigation data.
B. Each data field can be set to display one of thirteen
data options.
2. Select the desired option and press T.
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GETTING
STARTMAP PAGE
Data Fields,
ED Restore
Defaults, Setup
Using the GOTO
Simulator
Key
Map Page Options (con’t.)
•Change Data Fields?: Allows you to specify the type of data that is displayed in each
data field on the map display. There are thirteen options:
• BRG: Bearing to active wpt
• SOG: Speed over ground
• ETE: Estimated time enroute
• XTK: Crosstrack error
• TRN: Turn angle to wpt
• DPT: Depth
• STW: Speed through water
• DIS: Distance to active wpt
• COG: Course over ground
• ETA: Estimated time of arrival
• VMG: Velocity made good
• WPT: Active wpt name
• TMP: Temperature
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Move the field highlight to the desired field and press T.
3. Select a data field option and press T.
A
B
A. The Change Data Fields? option allows you to
define what type of data is displayed in each data
field of the Map Page.
B. The default option resets all Map Page options to
the factory settings.
48
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all Map Page options (except map configuration options,
see page 46) to the factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?: Allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth,
and position values. See the getting started tour for details on using the simulator
mode.
This completes the eight map display options. Next we’ll talk about the
Navigation Page.
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Navigation Page
Compass
Tape
GETTING STARTNAVIGATION
ED PAGE
Data
Fields
Overview
Using the GOTO
Key
Graphic
Highway
Pointer to
Waypoint
SECTION
5
CDI
Scale
Whenever a GOTO, MOB, TracBack or route has been turned on, the sounder
will provide digital and graphic steering guidance to the destination with the
Navigation Page. The top half of the Navigation Page features four user-selectable
data fields that display the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to waypoint, along
with your current course (COG) and speed over ground (SOG). In addition, there
is a moving compass tape to indicate your direction. Two additional data fields at
the bottom of the page show the estimated time enroute (ETE) and velocity made
good (VMG) to your destination.
The middle section of the screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a
graphic highway display. The line down the center of the highway represents
your desired track, while a graphic indication of the distance and direction you
are off course is shown on a scale at the bottom-right of the page (the selected
scale represents the distance from side to side). The arrow pointer below the
highway always points to the destination waypoint relative to the direction you
are moving.
The Navigation Page can be configured to show the
active waypoint, all route waypoints and or nearby
waypoints on the graphic highway.
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NAVIGATION PAGE
Overview and Options
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective will move to
indicate your progress to the waypoint and which direction you should steer to
stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the Navigation Page will show each
route waypoint in sequence, with the active leg indicated by the white portion of
the highway. Nearby waypoints not in the active route will also be displayed. The
highway perspective scale can also be zoomed in or out to display a larger or
smaller view of the highway. Five settings are available from 1/4 to 4 nautical
miles, with a default setting of 1/4.
B
To change the highway scale:
1. Press the I and H zoom keys to select the desired setting.
A. To change the highway scale perspective, press the
IN and OUT zoom keys.
Navigation Page Options
B. The Navigation Page options menu lets you configure the Navigation Page to your own preferences.
The Navigation Page options menu allows you to define the navigation data
fields and select what waypoints are displayed on the screen.
To display the Navigation Page options menu:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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Navigation Page Options (con’t.)
GETTING STARTNAVIGATION PAGE
ED Configure
Data Fields,
The following options are available:
• Change Data Fields?: Allows you to define the type of data that is displayed in any
of the six user-selectable data fields. Thirteen options are available:
• BRG
• SOG
• ETE
• XTK
• CTS
• DIS
• COG
• ETA
• VMG
Using
theAuto
GOTO
Highway,
COG
Key
• DPT
• STW
• TMP
• TRN
SECTION
5
To change a data field:
1. Highlight the ‘Change Data Fields?’ option and press T.
2. Highlight the field you want to change and press T. Select the desired data field
option and press T.
• Configure Highway?: Allows you to select what waypoints are shown on the highway page. Four options are available:
• Nav & Nearest Waypoints: All route and nearest waypoints will be displayed.
• Nav Waypoints: Only waypoints in the active route will be displayed.
• Active Waypoint: Only the active waypoint will be displayed.
• No Waypoints: No waypoints will be displayed.
To configure the highway display:
1. Highlight the ‘Configure Highway?’ option and press T. Select the desired option
and press T.
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all Navigation Page options to their factory settings.
• Setup Simulator?: Allows you to define simulator speed, course, altitude, depth,
and position values. See page 13 for more details on using the simulator mode.
• Auto COG?: Allows you to reset automatic steering while simulating navigation and
cancels any course adjustments made with the R keypad.
A
B
A. Thirteen data options are available for each data
field on the Navigation Page. The digital
crosstrack error option is especially useful to display the exact distance you are off course in
feet/miles or meters.
B. To select what waypoints appear on the graphic
highway, highlight the desired setting and press
EDIT/ENTER.
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GETTING STARTMAIN MENU
ED PAGE
Main Menu Page
The main menu page provides access to various waypoint, system, navigation
and interface management and setup menus.
Overview
Using
the GOTO
Key
To access the main menu page from any page in the sounder:
1. Press O twice.
A
B
A. The waypoint category options on the main menu
page are described in the waypoints section on
pages 59-62.
B. The routes category options are described on pages
66-69.
52
The 11 submenus are divided into categories by function.
To select a submenu from the main menu page:
1. Highlight the submenu you want to view and press T.
For specific instructions on using a submenu, see the waypoints, route or setup
sections of this manual.
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Creating and Using Waypoints
GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED
Creating Waypoints
and
The sounder stores up to 250 alphanumeric waypoints with user-defined symbols and comments available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be created using
one of the following methods:
Using
the GOTO
the MARK
Key
Key
• Mark Key: Although used primarily for marking your present position, the
M key also provides options that allow you to select a map or navaid
position from the map display.
SECTION
7
• Graphically: Allows you to define a new waypoint position from the map
or Sounder Page using the cursor.
• Text Entry: Allows you to enter a new waypoint’s position coordinates
manually (from a chart, etc.) or by referencing it’s bearing and distance
from a stored waypoint or your present position.
Mark Key
The M key lets you quickly capture your present position, cursor or navaid
position in order to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid position fix to
mark your present position.
To mark your present position:
1. Press the M key. The mark position page will appear, with a default three-digit name
for the new waypoint.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the depth at the
waypoint’s position), press T to confirm the ‘Done?’ prompt.
3. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
4. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
A
B
A. The mark key is used primarily to mark your
present position, but it can also be used to mark
the cursor or a navaid position on the Map Page.
B. The mark Position Page also allows you to add a
new waypoint to the end of any route. If you’re
heading out without a planned route, you can
create a series of waypoints along the way with
the mark key and save them to an open storage
route. When you’re ready to head back, simply
invert the route to get back (see page 70).
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GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED
Using the MARK Key
Mark Key (con’t.)
Using the GOTO
Key
The mark key can also be used on the Map Page to mark the cursor position or
an on-screen navaid. To mark a navaid, select it with the cursor. The sounder will
use the navaid text shown on the cartography as the default comment.
B
A. To create a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, move
the cursor over the desired navaid.
B. Press the MARK key and select the ‘Use Navaid
Posn?’ option. Press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
To mark the cursor or navaid position with the M key:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired position or navaid.
2. Press the M key.
3. Highlight the ‘Use Map Posn?’ or the ‘Use NAVAID Posn?’ option and press T.
4. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment (the depth at that
position), press T.
5. To enter a different name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press
the T key.
6. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
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Creating Waypoints Graphically
GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
CreatingED
Waypoints
Waypoints may also be quickly created from the map display, which allows you
to ‘point and shoot’ at any map position and create a new waypoint.
Using theand
GOTO
Graphically
by Text
Key
To create a new waypoint graphically:
1. Use the R keypad to move the cursor to the desired map position. If you want to create
the new waypoint at an on-screen navaid, highlight the navaid on the map display.
SECTION
7
2. Press T.
3. To accept the waypoint with the default name, symbol and comment, press T. If you
are creating a waypoint at an on-screen navaid, the default symbol and comment will
automatically reflect the selected navaid’s name and symbol.
4. To change the name, symbol or comment, highlight the appropriate field and press T.
5. After entering and confirming your changes, move the field highlight back to the ‘Done?’
prompt and press T.
Creating Waypoints by Text Entry
Waypoints can also be created by manually entering a position’s coordinates or
referencing a stored waypoint through the ‘Create Waypoint’ submenu option on
the main menu page.
To create a new waypoint by manually entering its coordinates:
1. Press O twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Create Waypoint’ option and press T. The waypoint definition page will
appear, with the next available waypoint number and the receiver’s last known position
as the default name and position.
A
B
A. Once a position has been selected graphically, the
create new waypoint page will appear, where you
can change the waypoint name, symbol or comment before saving the waypoint.
B. To create a waypoint by text entry, start by
entering the new waypoint’s name.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new waypoint name, symbol, position, and comment.
Press T after the last character in each section.
4. When you have finished entering all your waypoint data, use the R keypad to highlight
the ‘Done’ prompt and press T.
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GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED
Reference Waypoints
Using the GOTO
Key
Reference Waypoints
A new waypoint can also be created by entering an existing waypoint’s range
and bearing or the range and bearing from your present position. The sounder
will then calculate the position coordinates for you, using the reference selected.
To create a new waypoint using a reference waypoint:
1. Select the ‘Create Waypoint’ option from the main menu page and press T.
A
B
2. Enter the name, symbol, and comment, for the new waypoint.
3. Highlight the reference waypoint field and press T.
A. Enter the bearing from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘BRG’ field.
4. Enter the name of the reference waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display. Leave the reference
field blank to use your present position.
B. Enter the distance from the reference waypoint to
the new waypoint in the ‘DIS’ field.
5. Press T to begin entry of the bearing from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the bearing and press T.
6. Press T to begin entry of the distance from your reference waypoint to the new waypoint position. Enter the distance and press T. The position for the new waypoint will
automatically be calculated.
7. Highlight the ‘Done’ prompt and press T to finish.
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Reviewing and Editing Waypoints
GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
EDand Editing
Reviewing
Once you have created and stored a waypoint, it may be modified, reviewed,
renamed or deleted at any time using the waypoint definition page. The waypoint
definition page is accessed by highlighting the desired waypoint from the map display or selecting it from waypoint or nearest waypoint list and pressing the T
key. The waypoint definition page can also be accessed from the proximity waypoint page by highlighting the desired waypoint and pressing T twice.
UsingWaypoints
the GOTO
Key
SECTION
7
To access the waypoint definition page:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the desired waypoint on the map display (or any
waypoint list).
2. Press T to display the waypoint definition page.
From the waypoint definition page, you can change the waypoint symbol, position coordinates, waypoint comment, or depth for the selected waypoint.
To change the waypoint symbol:
1. Highlight the waypoint symbol field and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to select the desired symbol and press T to confirm.
To change the position coordinates:
1. Highlight the coordinates field and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to edit the coordinates and press T to confirm.
To change the waypoint comment:
1. Highlight the comment field and press T.
2. Use the LEFT arrow of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter a comment (up to 16 characters).
4. Press T to confirm.
A
B
A. The waypoint definition page will appear whenever a waypoint is selected from the map or a
waypoint list.
B. A twenty-character custom comment may be
assigned to every waypoint. The default comment
is the depth at the waypoint’s position for waypoints marked with the MARK key and underwater waypoints. For all other waypoints (those created with the ENTER button), the current date
will be the default comment.
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GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
WaypointED
Definition
Pagethe
Options
Using
GOTO
Key
Waypoint Definition Page Options
The waypoint definition page also features an options menu that allows you to
edit the selected waypoint on the map display, rename the selected waypoint or
delete the waypoint from memory.
To display the waypoint definition page options menu:
1. Press the O key.
To review or edit the selected waypoint from the map display:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option and press T.
2. The selected waypoint will appear on the map display, with the waypoint name and
coordinates shown at the top of the map, along with the distance and bearing to the
waypoint from your present position.
3. To move the selected waypoint’s position, press T. A ‘Move’ label will now appear
under the cursor arrow.
A
B
A. To review or edit a waypoint on the map display,
select the ‘Edit Wpt On Map?’ option.
B. To move the selected waypoint, press
EDIT/ENTER. Use the arrow keypad to select the
new position, and press EDIT/ENTER to finish.
4. Use the R keypad to move the cursor arrow to the desired position. The cursor’s coordinates, along with the distance and bearing from the waypoint’s position, will be displayed at the top of the map display.
5. Press T to set the waypoint’s new position, and Q to return to the waypoint definition page.
To rename the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Rename Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the new waypoint name and press T.
3. Press T to confirm the ‘Yes’ prompt.
To delete the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Delete Waypoint?’ option and press T.
2. Press T to confirm.
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Waypoint Submenus
GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED and
Nearest Waypoints
The sounder’s main menu page features four waypoint submenus that let you
manage a large number of waypoints quickly and efficiently. The submenus also
provide a continuously updated nearest waypoints list and a proximity waypoint
alarm function that can be used to define an alarm circle around submerged hazards, shallow waters, etc.
Using
GOTO
GOTOthe
Navigation
Key
SECTION
7
To access the main menu page/waypoint submenus:
1. Press O twice.
The first waypoint submenu is the nearest waypoints list, which shows the
nine nearest waypoints that are within 100 miles of your present position. The
nearest waypoints are continuously updated to your present position, and provide
quick access to the closest points of safety in emergency situations.
To scroll through and review the nearest waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in either direction.
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
4. To return to the waypoint list, highlight the ‘Done?’ prompt and press T.
5. The field highlight will automatically scroll to the next waypoint. If you want to review
each waypoint, you can scroll through any waypoint list by pressing the T key
repeatedly.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
A
B
A. The main menu page features four waypoint
submenus.
B. The nearest waypoint list continuously updates to
show the nine nearest waypoints to your present
position.
1. Use the R key to select the desired GOTO waypoint.
2. Press G, followed by T.
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GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED
Proximity Waypoints
Using the GOTO
Key
Proximity Waypoints
The proximity waypoints list lets you define an alarm circle around a stored
waypoint position, and can be used to help you avoid reefs, rocks or restricted
waters. Up to nine waypoints may be listed, with a maximum alarm radius of
99.99 nautical or statute miles or kilometers. If a proximity alarm circle overlaps
with an existing alarm circle, a ‘Proximity Overlap’ message will appear each time
the unit is turned on. If you enter an alarm circle overlap, you will only be alerted
to the closest proximity waypoint.
To enter a proximity waypoint:
1. Highlight the Proximity Waypoint option and press T.
2. Use the R key to highlight the first blank waypoint field and press T.
3. Enter the name of the proximity waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the waypoint from the nearest waypoint list, waypoint list, or map display.
4. Press T to confirm. The distance field will now be highlighted.
5. Press T to begin entry of the proximity radius.
A
B
6. Use the R keypad to enter a distance value (to 99.99 units) and press T.
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
A. Whenever you enter a proximity waypoint’s alarm
circle, a ‘PRX’ indicator will appear in the status
bar (the alarms option must be set to the ‘On’
position). Once you’ve left the alarm circle, the
proximity indicator will automatically reset.
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the alarms on/off field and press T.
2. Select the desired setting and press T.
To remove a proximity waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be removed.
B. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear
All?’ option from the proximity options page. Finish
the deletion by confirming the ‘Yes’ prompt.
2. Press O.
3. Highlight the ‘Clear Alarm?’ field and press T.
4. To clear all proximity waypoints, select the ‘Clear All’ option and press T.
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Create Waypoint Submenu
GETTING STARTWAYPOINTS
ED
The third waypoint submenu accessible from the main menu page is the ‘Create
Waypoint’ submenu, which allows you to create a new waypoint by manually
entering coordinates. Instructions for using the ‘Create Waypoint’ submenu are
provided on page 55.
Waypoint List
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
7
Waypoint List
The last waypoint category available from the main menu is the waypoints list,
which displays a master list of all waypoints currently stored in memory. From the
waypoints list, you may review, edit, rename or delete individual waypoints; or
delete all user waypoints. The total number of stored and available waypoints is
displayed at the top of the waypoints page, with the stored waypoints arranged in
numerical/alphabetical order and listed in two columns in the center of the page.
To scroll through and review the waypoint list:
1. Highlight the ‘Waypoints’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. Use the R keypad to scroll through the list in the desired direction.
3. Press T to review the highlighted waypoint.
A
B
4. Press T to return to the list.
To delete an individual waypoint from the list:
1. Use the R keypad to highlight the waypoint to be deleted and press O.
2. Press T.
3. Press the T key to confirm the deletion warning.
To delete all TracBack waypoints or the entire waypoint list:
1. Press the O key to select the options window.
A. The waypoints list displays all waypoints stored
in memory in a two-column format. Temporary
waypoints created by the TracBack feature are
assigned a ‘T___’ name and a footprint symbol.
B. The waypoints list options page lets you delete
individual waypoints, TracBack waypoints or the
entire waypoint list.
2. Highlight the ‘Delete TracBack’ or ‘Delete All User Wpts?’ option and press T.
3. Use the R keypad to highlight the ‘YES’ prompt and press T to confirm.
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GETTING STARTGOTO/MOB
SelectingED
a GOTO
Destination
Using
the GOTO
Key
Navigation Methods
The sounder provides four methods of navigation: GOTO, MOB, TracBack
and Route.
GOTO
The sounder allows you to create a simple route consisting of your current position and selection of a single destination (waypoint) from the waypoint list. Any
waypoint on the list can be selected as the destination. Pressing the G key once
shows a list of all waypoints in memory from which to choose.
To turn on GOTO navigation from the waypoint list:
1. Press the G key. Select a waypoint and press T. The sounder sets a direct line
course from your present position to the selected destination.
Selecting a GOTO Graphically
A
B
Pressing the G key twice allows you to graphically select an on-screen waypoint, navaid or cursor position as the destination. If you are selecting a navaid or
a new position as the GOTO destination, the sounder will automatically create or
move the waypoint named ‘MAP’ at the navaid or map position.
To turn on a GOTO from the map display:
A. To select a destination from a list of waypoints,
press GOTO once.
62
B. Press GOTO twice to select a destination waypoint
using the map cursor. If you are not selecting an
existing waypoint as your destination, a new waypoint named ‘MAP’ will be created. Keep in mind
that the MAP waypoint will be overwritten for each
MAP GOTO. Overwriting allows you to navigate to
on-screen navaids without permanently storing the
navaid as a waypoint. If you want to save the MAP
waypoint, rename it following the steps on page 58.
1. Press the G key twice.
2. To select an existing user waypoint, highlight the waypoint on screen and press T.
3. To select a navaid, highlight the navaid on screen and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear, displaying the navaid position as a ‘MAP’ waypoint, with the
navaid symbol and text as the default symbol and waypoint comment. Press T to
save the waypoint and begin navigation.
4. To select a cursor position as your destination, move the arrow cursor to the desired
position and press T. The GOTO new waypoint page will appear and display the position as the ‘MAP’ waypoint. Press T to save the waypoint and begin navigation.
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GOTO Options
GETTING STARTGOTO/MOB
ED
The GOTO options menu provides a list of additional GOTO options that let
you start a TracBack route, select a destination waypoint from the nearest waypoints list, select a route to navigate, or cancel the current GOTO destination.
GOTO Options
Using the GOTO
Key
To display the GOTO options menu from any page:
SECTION
8
1. Press G followed by O
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Start TracBack?: Allows you to create and start navigation of a TracBack route
back to the oldest track log point in memory (see pages 64-65 for more on using
the TracBack feature.)
• Show All Wpts?: Displays the GOTO waypoint list.
• Show Nearest Waypoints?: Allows you to select the GOTO destination from a list
of the nine nearest waypoints to your present position.
To select a nearest waypoint as a GOTO destination:
1. Highlight the ‘Show Nearest Waypoints’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired waypoint and press T.
• Select Route?: Allows you to quickly select a stored route for navigation.
To select a route to navigate:
1. Highlight the ‘Select Route’ option and press T.
2. Select the desired route and press T.
• Cancel GOTO?: Cancels the current GOTO destination and resumes navigation of
any previously selected route.
A
B
A. The GOTO options page lets you start a
TracBack route, select a destination from the
nearest list, select a route to activate, or cancel
the current GOTO destination.
B. The nearest waypoints list limits the list to provide quick access to nearby anchorages, facilities,
etc. which are stored as waypoints.
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GETTING STARTGOTO/MOB
MOB andED
TracBack
Navigation
Using
the GOTO
Key
MOB
The man overboard feature (MOB) is used in emergency situations, such as
man overboard, or to quickly mark a spot.
To turn on the MOB feature:
1. Press the B key.
2. Press the T key to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB position.
Once a MOB has been turned on, the MOB symbol will appear on the map display, and the destination field on the Map Page will display the bearing, distance,
and ETE to the MOB position based on your present speed and course.
To stop navigating to the MOB position:
1. Press the G key, followed by O, to display the GOTO options page.
2. Select the ‘Cancel GOTO’ option and press T.
TracBack Navigation
A
B
A. The sounder’s MOB feature can be used to set a
course to a passing spot when a quick response to
emergency situations, fish strikes, etc. is needed.
B. To define a starting point for a TracBack route, first
clear the track log.
The third method of navigating to a destination is by TracBack. TracBack
allows you to retrace your path by using the track log automatically stored in the
receiver’s memory, which will eliminate the need to store waypoints along the way.
TracBack routes are created by reducing your track log into a route of up to 30
waypoints and activating an inverted route along those points.
To clear the track log and define a starting point for a TracBack route:
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Track’ option and press T.
3. Select the ‘Delete Track?’ option and press T.
4. Highlight the ‘Yes’ field and press T.
To turn on a TracBack route:
64
1. Press the G key, followed by the O key. Highlight the ‘Start TracBack?’ option and
press T.
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TracBack Navigation (con’t.)
Once a TracBack has been turned on, the sounder will take the track log currently stored in memory and divide it into segments called ‘legs’. Up to 30 temporary waypoints (e.g. T001) will be created to mark the most significant features of
the track log in order to duplicate your exact path as closely as possible. To get the
most out of the TracBack feature, remember the following tips:
ROUTES
TracBack Navigation
SECTION
9
• Once turned on, a TracBack route will lead you back to the oldest stored track log
point, so it’s a good idea to clear the existing track log at the start of your current trip
before you start navigating.’
• The ‘RECORD’ option on the track log setup page must be set to ‘Fill’ or ‘Wrap’ and
there must be at least two track log points stored in memory to create a TracBack
route.
• If there are not enough available waypoints in memory to create a TracBack route, you
will be alerted with a ‘waypoint memory full’ message, and the receiver will use available waypoints to create a route with an emphasis on the track log closest to the destination.
• If the track log interval is set to the ‘Time’ option, the route may not follow your exact
path (keep the interval set to ‘resolution’ for best performance).
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during your trip, the TracBack
will draw a straight line between any point where coverage was lost and where it
resumed.
• If your track log’s changes in distance and direction are too complex, 30 waypoints
may not mark your path accurately. The receiver then assigns the 30 waypoints to the
most significant points of your track, and simplifies segments with fewer changes in
direction.
• When a TracBack route is turned on, the receiver will automatically erase any temporary waypoints (e.g., ‘T001’) that are not contained in routes 1-20. If there are temporary waypoints stored in routes 1-20, the receiver will create any new temporary waypoints using the first three-digit number available.
A
B
A. The TracBack feature uses your track log to create a route back to where you started.
B. Once a TracBack is activated, the track log is
divided into segments using temporary waypoints, and an inverted route is activated back to
the oldest track log point in memory.
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Routes
SECTION
9
ROUTES
Creating a Route
Graphically
The last way to navigate to a destination is to create a user-defined route. The
sounder lets you create and store up to 20 reversible routes (numbered 1-20),
with up to 30 waypoints each. Routes can be created and modified right from the
Map Page, allowing you to see each route graphically on-screen as you create,
review, modify or navigate the route. All of the route features are accessed through
the main menu.
To create a route graphically:
1. Press the O key twice to display the main menu page.
2. Highlight the ‘Routes’ field and press T. The routes page will appear, showing all the
routes currently stored in memory.
3. Press the O key to display the route options page.
4. Press T to select the ‘Create New Route’ option.
The route edit page will appear, with the cursor displayed as an arrow pointer,
and will allow you to select your route waypoints using one of two methods:
A
B
A. The route options page provides access to the
sounder’s route functions.
B. Use the arrow pointer and EDIT/ENTER to add
waypoints to the route. The create waypoint page
will appear whenever you have selected a position
that is not already stored as a waypoint.
5. To add an existing waypoint or navaid to the route, use the arrow pointer to highlight the
desired waypoint on screen and press T.
6. To add a new waypoint to the route, use the arrow pointer to select the desired map
position and press T. Press T again to confirm the new waypoint.
As you add each new waypoint to the route, the data window at the top of the
map display will show the route number you are creating, along with the first and
last route waypoints of the route. A route line will appear on the map to indicate
each completed leg, and a dotted line will appear to indicate the distance and
bearing to the arrow pointer from the last route waypoint.
7. Repeat steps 5 and 6 until you have finished defining all route waypoints.
66
8. Press Q to finish and enter review mode, or J to return to the main page
sequence.
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Routes (con’t.)
ROUTES
Once a route has been created graphically (and the Q key has been pressed to
finish), the map display will automatically enter the route review mode. The arrow
pointer will be replaced by the map cursor, located at the last route waypoint. The
route edit mode allows you to review and modify the route displayed through a
pop-up window menu for each waypoint. You can also use the cursor to select an
individual route leg and insert a new route waypoint.
Editing Routes
Graphically
SECTION
9
To edit a route waypoint:
1. Use the cursor to highlight the desired route waypoint and press T.
A pop-up menu of editing choices will appear, with options for reviewing,
removing, moving or inserting a route waypoint.
To review a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
To remove a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
To move a route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Move?’ option and press T. Move the cursor to the new map position
and press T.
To insert new route waypoint(s) at the beginning or end of the route:
1. Select the first (to add waypoints to the beginning of the route) or last (to add waypoints to
the end of the route) route waypoint with the map cursor, and press T.
A
B
A. To move a route waypoint, select the ‘Move?’
option and press EDIT/ENTER.
B. Move the arrow cursor to the new waypoint position and press EDIT/ENTER to confirm.
2. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
3. Move the cursor to the new waypoint position and press T.
4. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to insert additional waypoints, or press Q to finish.
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GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Route Edit Mode
Using the GOTO
Key
Routes (con’t.)
The route edit mode also allows you to insert a new route waypoint in any
route leg using the map cursor.
To insert a new waypoint between two existing route waypoints:
1. Use the cursor to select the leg you want to insert the new waypoint in (the route line
will change to a dotted line when the leg is selected) and press T.
2. Move the cursor to the new map position and press T.
3. If you are not inserting an existing waypoint, press T to confirm the new waypoint.
The route edit options page provides access to a variety of features which can
be used to review, activate, invert or edit the route as text and adjust the map view
of the selected route.
To display the route edit options:
1. Press O.
To select a menu option:
A
B
A. A new route waypoint may be inserted into any
route leg by pointing to the new waypoint or
position and pressing EDIT/ENTER.
B. The ‘Edit As Text?’ option allows you to review
and modify waypoints by text entry.
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available:
• Edit As Text?: Allows you to modify a route by text entry.
To edit a route by text entry:
1. Highlight the ‘Edit As Text?’ option and press T. The text edit page will appear,
showing a list of all route waypoints, with the desired track and distance of each
leg displayed.
2. Select the route waypoint you want to review or change and press T. A pop-up
menu with four route editing options will appear.
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Routes (con’t.)
GETTING STARTROUTES
EditingED
Routes and
To review the selected waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Review?’ option and press T.
Using
Route the
EditGOTO
Options
Key
To insert a new waypoint before the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Insert?’ option and press T.
SECTION
9
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display.
3. Press T to finish.
To remove the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Remove?’ option and press T.
To change the selected route waypoint:
1. Highlight the ‘Change?’ option and press T.
2. Enter the name of the new waypoint using the R keypad, or press O to select
the new waypoint from the nearest list, waypoint list, or map display.
3. Press T to finish.
The route edit options page features five more functions. These functions
may be selected by highlighting the desired function and pressing T:
• Activate Route?: Activates the route you are editing and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?: Activates the route you are editing in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Center On Vessel?: Redraws route edit map with your vessel in the center of the
display.
• Center On First Wpt?: Redraws route edit map with the first route waypoint in the
center of the display.
• Deactivate Route?: Stops navigation of the route currently selected.
To exit the route edit mode and return to the route list page, press Q.
A
B
A. To remove a route waypoint, highlight the waypoint on the map, press EDIT/ENTER, and select
the ‘remove option’ from the pop-up window.
B. The route edit options page lets you activate,
invert or deactivate the route you are editing. The
‘Center On Vessel’ and ‘Center On First Wpt’
options redraw the map to display the desired
option.
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GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Route List Page
Using the GOTO
Key
Route List Page
The route list page numerically lists all the routes currently stored in memory,
with the route number and comment displayed. Route 00 is always reserved for the
TracBack route, while routes 1-20 serve as storage routes (route 20 is stored as the
GPSMAP tour route, which may be deleted at any time). From the list, you may
enter your own 16-character route comment and select a specific route for activation, editing or other route management functions.
To enter a custom route comment:
1. Highlight the desired route and press T.
2. Press the left arrow key of the R keypad to clear the comment field.
3. Use the R keypad to enter the new route comment and press T.
Once you have selected a route from the route page, additional functions for that
route are available from the route options page.
To display the route options:
1. Press O.
A
B
To select a menu option:
A. The route list page displays each route stored in
memory, along with a 16-character user comment. The default comment is the name of the
first and last route waypoint.
B. The route list options page provides quick access
to many route functions, including activating and
deactivating a selected route.
70
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
The following options are available from the route list page:
• Create New Route?: Allows you to create a new route (see page 66).
• Activate Route?: Activates the selected route and begins navigation.
• Invert Route?: Activates the selected route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Edit On Map?: Allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see page 67 for specific instructions).
• Edit As Text?: Allows you to edit the selected route by text (see page 68 for specific
instructions).
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Route List Page Options (cont.)
GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Route List Options
• Clear Route: Allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
To clear the selected route:
Using the GOTO
Key
1. Highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press T.
2. Press T to confirm the clear route warning.
• Copy Route?: Allows you to copy the waypoints of a selected route to another route.
The route copy function can be used to copy a TracBack route (route 00) to another
route in order to prevent losing the route the next time a TracBack route is activated,
or to save a modified version of an existing route without losing the original.
To copy a route:
1. Highlight the ‘Copy Route?’ option and press T. The selected route will appear
as the ‘copy from’ route, and the first open storage route will appear as the ‘copy
to’ route.
2. Press T to confirm. (If you’d like to change the route number that is being
copied or the open route which is being copied to, highlight the appropriate field
and press T. Select the new route number and press T.
A
SECTION
9
B
A. To delete all waypoints from a selected route,
highlight the ‘Clear Route?’ option and press
EDIT/ENTER.
B. Once a route is cleared, all waypoints are
removed from the route. They are still stored in
memory, however.
• Deactivate Route?: Stops navigation of the current route.
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GETTING STARTROUTES
ED Page
Active Route
Active Route Page
Using the GOTO
Key
Each waypoint on the active route page may be
reviewed, deleted or changed right from the active route
page. To edit an active route waypoint, highlight the
desired waypoint and press EDIT/ENTER.
Select the desired function from the pop-up menu and
press EDIT/ENTER.
Whenever you have activated a route, the active route page will appear in the
main page sequence. The active route page shows each waypoint of the active
route, with the waypoint name, desired track, cumulative distance and ETE or
ETA for each waypoint from your present position. The current destination waypoint, the ‘active to’ waypoint, is marked with an arrow symbol. As you navigate a
route, the waypoint list will automatically update to indicate the next ‘active to’
waypoint first.
From the active route page, you can:
• Change the route comment: (See page 70 for instructions.)
• Edit the route as text: (See page 68 for instructions).
Additional functions for the active route are available from the active route
options page.
To display the active route options:
1. Press O.
72
To select a menu option:
1. Highlight the desired option and press T.
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Active Route Page Options
GETTING STARTROUTES
Active ED
Route Page
UsingOptions
the GOTO
Key
SECTION
9
The following options are available from the active route page:
• Invert Route?: Activates the active route in reverse order and begins navigation.
• Activate Route?: Reactivates the active route and selects the route leg closest to
your current position as the new active leg.
• Edit On Map?: Allows you to edit the selected route graphically (see page 67 for
specific instructions).
• Clear Route?: Allows you to clear all waypoints from the selected route.
• Copy Route?: Allows you to copy the waypoints of the active route to another
route.
• Change Data Fields?: Allows you to define the data displayed in the distance and
ETE fields. Four data options are available:
• DIS: distance to active wpt • DTK: desired track
• ETE: estimated time enroute • ETA: estimated time of arrival
The ‘Change Data Fields?’ option lets you specify
what information is displayed for each route waypoint. Four data options are available: distance,
desired track, and ETA or ETE to each route waypoint.
• Restore Defaults?: Resets all active route page options to the factory settings.
• Deactivate Route?: Stops navigation of the route you are currently navigating.
• Setup Simulator?: Allows you to define speed, course and position values while in
simulator mode.
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GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Track Log Setup
Using the GOTO
Key
Track Log Submenu
The track log submenu lets you specify whether to record a track plot (an electronic recording of your path), and define how it is recorded. It also provides an
indicator of the amount of track memory used and selects functions to clear the
track memory and start a TracBack route. The following functions are available:
• Record Mode: Lets you select one of three track recording options:
• Off: No track log will be recorded. Selecting ‘Off’ will prevent you from
using the TracBack feature.
• Fill: A track log will be recorded until the track memory is full.
• Wrap: A track log will be continuously recorded, wrapping through the
available memory (replacing the oldest track data with new data).
• Interval: Defines the frequency with which the track plot is recorded. Three interval
settings are available:
• Time: Records track plot based on a user-defined time interval.
A
B
A. The ‘Wrap’ option will continuously record a track
log, and replace the oldest track log point with new
data. The ‘Fill’ option will record a track log until
the memory is full.
B. The track submenu’s default settings may be quickly restored from the track options page.
• Resolution: Records track plot based upon a user-defined variance from
your course over ground. The resolution option is the default setting and
is recommended for the most efficient use of memory and TracBack performance. The distance value (entered in the interval field) is the maximum error allowed from the true course before recording a track point.
• Distance: Records track based on a user-defined distance between points.
• Interval Value?: Defines the distance or time used to record the track log.
• Delete Track?: Allows you to clear the track log currently stored in memory.
• Start TracBack?: Converts the current track log into an inverted route and begins
route navigation along the track log.
To reset all track options to the default settings:
1. Press O, followed by T.
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Trip and Fuel Planning
GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Trip and Fuel Planning
The trip and fuel planning submenu lets you plan and review distance, fuel,
and ETE/ETA information between any two waypoints, your present position and
a stored waypoint, or any part of a stored route. Sunrise and sunset information is
also provided. Two planning modes are available: point-to-point and route
planning.
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
9
To use the point-to-point planning mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu page and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Point-To-Point’, press the O key and select it from the
options page.
3. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the starting waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. Press T to confirm the waypoint.
4. Move the field highlight to the second waypoint field and follow the steps above to
select the destination waypoint.
5. Enter a speed for your trip in the speed field, or press O to select your current SOG
for the speed value.
6. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
7. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
The bottom of the page will now display the desired track and distance between
the two points; the estimated time enroute and fuel required; the date and time of
arrival; and the sunrise and sunset times at the destination for the date of arrival.
The route planning mode lets you calculate the same planning information for
any route stored in memory, in leg, or cumulative leg or route totals.
A
B
A. To perform point-to-point planning, enter a ‘TO’
and ‘FROM’ waypoint, or leave the field blank if
you want to use your present position.
B. Enter a date and time for your departure. The
sunrise/sunset and ETA at the ‘TO’ waypoint will
be displayed at the bottom of the page.
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GETTING STARTROUTES
ED
Route and Trip Planning
Using the GOTO
Key
Trip and Fuel Planning (con’t.)
To use the route planning mode:
1. Highlight the ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
2. If the plan field is not set to ‘Route’, press O and select it from the options page.
3. Highlight the route number field and press T.
4. Use the R keypad to select the route you want to plan and press T.
5. Highlight the leg field and press T.
6. To plan the cumulative totals for the all route legs, select the ‘ALL’ option—or use the
R keypad to select a specific route leg to plan. Press T to confirm.
7. Enter a speed for your trip, or press O to select your current SOG for the speed value.
8. Enter an hourly fuel flow (if desired) in the fuel field, and press T.
9. Enter the date and time of your departure (the default date and time will be the current
date and time in UTC or local time, whichever you have selected) and press T.
A
B
A. To plan cumulative totals for an entire route, select
the ‘All’ option from the leg field.
B. To plan cumulative totals through a particular leg,
select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option from the
Trip and Fuel Planning options page. Then enter
the last leg you want to plan in the leg field.
The bottom of the page will now display the planning information for the route
leg selected or the cumulative values for the entire route. The route planning
mode will also let you plan cumulative totals for multiple route legs by using the
‘Hold First Waypoint?’ selection from the options window.
To plan multiple route legs:
1. Follow steps 1 through 6 above to select the last route leg you want to plan. For example,
select leg 03 if you want to plan cumulative totals for the first three legs of the route
(without including the rest of the route).
2. Enter the speed, fuel and date/time values as described in steps 7-9 above.
3. Press the O key to display the options page.
4. Select the ‘Hold First Waypoint?’ option and press T. The cumulative totals from the
first route waypoint to the end of the selective leg will appear at the bottom of the page.
76
The fuel and trip planning submenu also allows you to calculate the sunrise
and sunset times for your present position or any waypoint for a selected date.
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Trip and Fuel Planning (cont.)
GETTING STARTSETUP MENUS
ED Planning
Sunrise/Sunset
To use the sunrise/sunset planner:
1. Highlight ‘Trip & Fuel Planning’ option from the main menu and press T.
Using
the Setup
GOTO
System
Key
2. Highlight the first waypoint field and press T. Press the left arrow key to clear the
field, and use the R keypad to enter the name of the desired waypoint. You may leave
the waypoint field blank to use your present position, or press the O key to select the
waypoint from the nearest list, the waypoint list, or the map display. To calculate the
sunrise/sunset for your present position, leave both waypoint fields blank.
SECTION
10
3. Press T to confirm.
4. Highlight the date field and press T.
5. Enter the date you want sunrise/sunset information for (the current date and year will be
used as the default setting) and press T. The sunrise and sunset times for the arrival
date will be displayed at the bottom right of the planning page.
Setup Submenus
The last four options listed on the main menu page provide access to the various system, navigation, alarm and interface settings of the sounder. The system
setup submenu is used to select the operating mode, date and time formats, tone
preferences, backlight timeout and display contrast.
• Operational Mode: Lets you select between normal, simulator, sounder only, or
GPS only mode. In the normal mode both GPS and sounder functions operate at
the same time. In simulator mode, the sounder only pretends to track satellites to
allow you to learn how the unit works. Waypoints and routes created in simulator
mode are saved in memory and are available for use in normal mode.
The sounder only and GPS only modes allow you to determine what type of information
the sounder will give you. GPS only mode is useful when using the unit for land navigation while enroute to the water. Sounder only mode is an option if you do not want GPS
information (such as position, speed, heading, and map functions) while on the water.
A
B
A. The system setup submenu provides access to the
sounder’s time formats and contrast/backlight
controls.
B. When entering a time offset, be sure to select a
positive or negative indicator to the left of the offset value.
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GETTING STARTSETUP MENUS
EDand System
System Setup
Using
GOTO
Setupthe
Options
Key
Setup Submenus (con’t.)
• Time Offset: Provides a data entry field to enter the time difference between UTC
time and local time (see page 105 for a list of time offsets). When entering a time
offset, be sure to select a positive or negative offset. Entering an offset will not automatically display local time. The local setting from the Date/Time Selection submenu
must be selected.
• Local/UTC: Lets you choose to display the date and time in UTC (also Greenwich
Mean Time) time or local time offset from UTC time. The default setting is local
with a ‘0’ offset. (If you are boating in the United States, be sure to enter a negative
time indicator in front of the appropriate time offset for your location).
• Tone Selection: Lets you select an audible tone for messages and keystroke confirmation (the default setting), messages only, or no sound at all. Caution: Setting
the tone selection for no sound will prevent an audible tone for all alarms, including shallow water and proximity waypoints.
• Display Contrast: Provides a slide bar to adjust the LCD screen contrast in order
to compensate for changes in temperature or lighting conditions.
• Backlight Timeout: Provides an automatic shutoff for the sounder’s screen backlighting. Six settings are available: No Timeout (the backlight will stay on until it is
turned off), 15 seconds (default setting); 30 seconds; and 1, 2, or 4 minutes.
A
B
A. The ‘None’ tone setting will prevent an audible
tone from sounding for any key presses, messages,
or alarms. Regardless of the tone setting,
‘MESSAGE -PRESS PAGE’ will continue to be
flashed on the status bar for any system messages
or alarms.
B. Keeping the backlight timeout at the lowest
acceptable setting will lengthen the useful life of
the backlight.
78
• Language: Allows you select from nine languages the unit can display. The available languages are English, Danish, Finnish, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish,
and Swedish.
The system setup page also features an options menu that allows you to quickly reset all
the system setup options to the factory default settings and define speed, course, and position values while in simulator mode.
To view the system setup page options:
1. Press the O key.
To restore the default settings:
1. Highlight the ‘Restore Defaults?’ option, and press T.
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Navigation Setup
GETTING STARTSETUPEDMENUS
The navigation setup submenu is used to select a variety of navigation information including: position format, units of measure, and heading references. This
submenu is also used to select map datums, set the CDI scale and adjust the builtin velocity filter. The following options are available:
Navigation Setup
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
10
• Position Format: Lets you select the coordinate system used to display
position. The following formats are available:
• hddd.dddddº (degrees)
• hdddºmm.mmm’ (degrees and minutes)
• hdddºmm’ss.s” (deg/min/sec)
• British grid
• German grid
• Irish grid
• Maidenhead
• Swedish grid
• Swiss grid
• Taiwan grid
• UTM/UPS grid
• LORAN TDs
• Navigation Units: Selects the format for speed and distance measurements. You
may select from nautical, statute or metric formats. (The default setting is nautical.)
• Depth Units: Selects the format for depth contour display on G-chart offshore chart
cartridges and the sounder display. Depth contours and sounder depth units can be
displayed in feet, meters or fathoms. (The default setting is feet.)
• Temp Units: Lets you select between Celsius and Fahrenheit.
• Heading: Lets you select what reference is used in calculating heading information.
You can select to reference automatic magnetic variation, true north, grid heading
or user magnetic variation. (The default setting is automatic.)
To enter a user magnetic variation:
1. Highlight the ‘Heading’ field and press T. Select the ‘User Mag Var’ option and
press T.
A
B
A. The sounder will also display position coordinates
in eight grid formats.
B. To enter a user magnetic variation, select the
‘User Mag Var’ option and enter a direction and
value in the variation field.
2. Press T to access the variation field, and use the R keypad to enter the
desired variation. Press T to confirm.
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Navigation Setup (con’t.)
SECTION
10
A
SETUP MENUS
Navigation Setup
B
• CDI Scale: Provides a list of six CDI scale settings for the Map Page CDI: +/-0.10,
0.50, 1.0 (default), 5.0, 10.0 and 25.0 miles or kilometers. The scale represents the
distance from the center of the scale to either end of the scale.
• CDI Steer To: Allows you select a steer-to-center or steer-to-D-Bar orientation for
graphic steering guidance. The steer-to-center selection displays your position as
the vertical line on the scale, and your desired track as the center of the scale. The
steer to D-Bar option displays your position as the center of the scale, with the
desired track as the vertical line. (The default setting is steer to center).
• Map Datum: Provides a list of the available map datums for use with the sounder.
For a list of the available map datums, see Appendix D. (The default setting is
WGS 84).
• Velocity Filter: Allows you to select the sounder’s response time to changes in
track or ground speed. Three settings are available: automatic, on, or off. The ‘auto’
(default) setting will monitor the changes in your current track and speed and
adjust the receiver’s response time automatically. The ‘on’ setting allows you to
manually enter a response time up to 240 seconds. Selecting a higher setting may
be desirable in slow-speed applications with frequent changes in track.
To enter a user defined velocity filter value:
A. CAUTION! Using the incorrect map datum can
seriously effect the accuracy of your GPS receiver.
The GPS datum should always match the datum of
the local chart you are using. If no datum information is indicated on the charts you are using, contact
the chart manufacturer.
B. Keeping the velocity filter on the ‘Auto’ setting will
allow the sounder to automatically monitor and
adjust the response time for track and speed calculations.
80
1. Highlight the ‘Velocity’ field and press T. Select the ‘On’ option and
press T.
2. Highlight the time value field.
3. Press T.
4. Enter a value in seconds (up to 240) and press T to confirm.
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Timers and Alarms Setup
GETTING STARTSETUPEDMENUS
The timer and alarms submenu is used to control various alarm/timer settings.
• Timer: Sounds an alarm when an entered interval (up to 99:59:59) has expired, or
provides a continuous running clock timer to 99:59:59.
Timers and Alarms
Using the GOTO
Key
To use the countdown timer:
SECTION
10
1. Select the Count Down menu option. Enter the desired time interval in the interval
field, and press T.
2. Once the count down time has expired, an alarm message will appear, and the
timer will automatically switch to the count up mode. To reset the timer, select the
reset option and press T.
• Clock Alarm: Provides an alarm for the system clock. To use the clock alarm, select
the ‘On’ option and enter the desired time of day in the time field.
• Arrival Alarm: Lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’re a specified distance
away from a destination waypoint. There are three options: (1) Off: No arrival alarm
will sound, (2) Auto: An arrival alarm will sound one minute before the destination,
based upon your current speed and course over ground, and (3) On: An arrival
alarm will sound at the alarm distance specified in the distance field for the destination waypoint.
• Crosstrack Alarm: Provides an alarm for crosstrack error (XTK) when your vessel
is off course by more than a specified distance, up to 99.99 (units).
• Anchor Drag Alarm: Lets you specify an alarm to sound when you’ve exceeded a
specified drift distance, up to 9999 (units). Whenever the anchor alarm is triggered,
an anchor symbol will appear in the status bar.
• Sounder Alarms: Allows you to set shallow and deep depth alarms and an alarm
for specific sized fish/targets. There are three options:
• Shallow On/Off: Sounds if depth equals or is less than the selected value.
• Deep On/Off: Sounds if depth equals or is more than the selected value.
• Fish On/Off: Select from All Targets, Medium-Large Targets, or Large Targets.
A
B
A. The timer field can be set to count down from a
specified interval or provide a running count of
elapsed time.
B. The sounder alarms can be set to warn you of
deep or shallow water and sounder targets of
various sizes.
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Input/Output Submenu
SECTION
10
SETUP MENUS
Input/Output Setup
The Input/Output submenu lets you control interface settings for connecting
external NMEA devices, a DGPS receiver or a personal computer. The
‘Input/Output Format’ field, at the top of the page, lets you specify one of seven
interface formats:
•Data Transfer: A proprietary interface that allows you to exchange data such as waypoints, routes and track logs between GPSMAP units or a GARMIN PC kit.
•No In/NMEA Out: Provides navigation information to a compatible NMEA device
such as an autopilot or radar. NMEA 0180, 0182, 0183 v.1.5 and 0183 v.2.0 output
options are available. See Appendix A for additional NMEA sentence information.
•No In/No Out: Provides no interfacing capabilities.
•RTCM In/NMEA Out: Allows DGPS beacon receiver input and also provides selectable NMEA output.
•RTCM In/No Out: Allows DGPS beacon receiver input, with no output capabilities.
A
B
A. The ‘data transfer’ options allow you to send or
receive almanac data, proximity waypoints,
routes, track log data and waypoints to another
GARMIN GPS or PC Kit.
B. The NMEA In setting allows you to accept
NMEA data from a Yeoman plotter or other
compatible device.
82
•NMEA In/No Out: Allows input from a NMEA compatible external device, such as a
Yeoman© Plotter, with no output capabilities.
•NMEA In/NMEA Out: Provides the same input capabilities as NMEA IN, with selectable NMEA output.
When the ‘Data Transfer’ option is selected, you’ll need to specify what information to request or send to the remote unit through the Transfer Mode field. The
‘slave’ setting lets you control all data transfer from the ‘external’ GPS receiver, or
PC, while the other settings request or send specific data from the primary unit.
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Using NMEA and DGPS Interface Settings
GETTING STARTSETUPEDMENUS
NMEA and DGPS Setup
If you are using an NMEA interface format, the NMEA format must be specified
in the NMEA format field that will automatically appear when an NMEA option is
selected. The appropriate baud rate will be set automatically. See page 96 for a list
of NMEA supported sentences.
Using the GOTO
Key
SECTION
10
To select a NMEA format:
1. Select a NMEA IN/OUT format from the options page.
2. Highlight the NMEA Format field and press T.
3. Select a NMEA sentence format and press T.
4. The baud rate will automatically be set to the appropriate speed. If you have selected an NMEA IN/OUT setting, you must use the same NMEA format for both the input
and output device.
Tuning DGPS Stations
If the I/O Format is set to accept RTCM input/NMEA Output for connecting a
differential-ready GPS beacon receiver, you will need to tune a frequency in the
tuning field and select a bit rate. The default frequency is 304.0 kHz, with a bit
rate of 100 bps, or the last DGPS frequency/bit rate selected.
To tune a DGPS frequency:
1. Select the ‘RTCM In/NMEA Out’ format from the options page.
2. Highlight the beacon receiver frequency field and press T. Enter the desired frequency and press T. If you are using an automatically-tuned DGPS receiver, you
can enter 000.0 for the frequency.
3. Press T to select a bit rate. Five bit rates are available: 0 (used for automaticallytuned DGPS receivers), 25, 50, 100 and 200 bps. Press T to confirm. The DGPS
status, along with the signal-to-noise ratio of the tuned station, will be displayed at
the bottom of the page.
A
B
A. Select the desired format from the NMEA field.
The baud rate will automatically be set to the
appropriate speed.
B. After entering a DGPS frequency, set the bit rate
to the speed indicated on the USCG station chart.
DGPS coverage, frequencies and bit rates are
available from the Coast Guard’s automated
FAX service (703-313-5920).
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Installing and Removing G-Chart Cartridges
SECTION
11
G-CHARTS
Installing
and Removing G-Charts
The unit uses G-chart offshore or inland cartography to display digital charts
on-screen. G-chart cartridges are installed in the card slot located at the bottom
right of the unit. G-chart cartridges may be installed or removed at any time,
whether the unit is on or off.
To install a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the chart door by pressing together the two handles at the bottom of the door and
lifting up.
2. Insert the card (label facing front and G-chart logo at top) into the slot.
3. Use your thumb to firmly push the cartridge into the unit. If the sounder is on, a confirmation tone will sound when the cartridge has been properly installed and accepted.
4. Close the cover.
#
!
If you insert a G-chart cartridge and get a ‘card format not recognized’ message, try
removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact the
dealer you purchased it from for assistance. G-chart cartridges are not waterproof,
should not be exposed to moisture or excessive static charges, and should be
stored in the anti-static bag supplied with the cartridge.
To remove a G-chart cartridge:
1. Open the cartridge door.
2. Grasp the card at the bottom groove and pull firmly.
3. If the sounder is on, a confirmation tone will sound when the G-chart cartridge has been
removed.
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Using G-Chart Cartography
Once a G-chart cartridge has been inserted, the map coverage outlines for the
cartridge will automatically appear on-screen. Keep in mind that the display will
not automatically scroll to the map area or zoom to a level where you can see the
coverage outlines. If you do not immediately see the outlines, scroll the cursor to
the broad geographic area covered by the chart and zoom out to another
map scale.
The large outlined box shown is the main chart, which serves as the boundary
area for the entire cartridge. The small outlined boxes inside the main box are subcharts, which provide more detailed coverage of the area indicated. To view the
detailed cartography of any subchart, scroll the cursor to the subchart outline and
use the H and I keys to zoom to smaller range scales. If the map outlines still
do not appear, check the ‘Map Outlines’ setting on the map options page to make
sure they are set to appear (see page 43).
#
!
Whenever you zoom past the usable range of the current electronic chart, the range
field will display ‘Ovr Zm’ or ‘No Map’. These warnings indicate that although you
may still have cartography, you should exercise extreme caution using the data. See
page 42 for more information on Overzoom and No Map modes.
G-CHARTS
Using G-Charts
A
SECTION
11
B
A. Map outlines for G-chart offshore cartography.
When a G-chart cartridge is installed, the sounder will automatically use the
best available chart for display. As you enter and exit various subcharts, the system
will automatically display the appropriate chart for the area you are in. When you
leave the area covered by the main map of a cartridge, the sounder will default
back to using the built-in 64 nm database (32 nm in U.S.) if it is available at the
current scale.
If you are not seeing certain map items (navaids, depth contours, etc. on
offshore cartridges; highways, boat ramps, etc. on inland cartridges), check the
map configuration settings available from the map options page.
B. Map outlines for G-chart inland cartography.
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LORAN TDs
LORAN C Basics
LORAN C Basics
LORAN C is a radio navigation aid operated and maintained in the United States
by the Untied States Coast Guard. The name LORAN is an acronym for "Long
Range Navigation". The LORAN system covers the entire United States and the
U.S. Coastal Confluence Zone. From the perspective of a mariner, the system is
used for ocean and coastal navigation. It can be used as a supplemental system for
harbor and harbor approach navigation, and it is used for inland navigation by
recreational vehicles. The LORAN C system is also used in civil aviation.
The LORAN system consists of groups of land based transmitter stations
called chains. A chain contains a master station (M) and at least two, but more
commonly 4 or 5 secondary stations designated (M) Victor, (W) Whiskey, (X)
Xray, (Y) Yankee, and (Z) Zulu. These stations are usually separated by hundreds
of miles. Each station transmits radio pulses at precise time intervals. The receiver
measures the difference in time it takes the pulsed signal from each
Master/Secondary pair to reach the receiver. This time is quite small, generally in
millionths of a second. These time differences are then displayed on the LORAN
receiver as the TD (time difference) coordinates.
LORAN Chains located across the continental U.S.
86
Many of the transmitter stations serve multiple roles. A station can serve as a master station for one chain and a secondary station for another, or as a secondary station for multiple chains. An example would be the chain 9610 master station and
the chain 8970 Zulu station. These operate on the same transmitter located in
Boise City, Oklahoma. LORAN is being phased out as a primary source of navigation, but should remain active until after the turn of the century.
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LORAN TD Feature
LORAN TDs
SECTION
The LORAN TD feature eases the transition from using LORAN to using GPS. The
GPSMAP 235 Sounder automatically converts GPS coordinates to LORAN TDs for
those who have a collection of LORAN fixes for favorite fishing spots and otherwaypoints recorded as TDs. You can display your position as a TD or enter waypoints as TDs. The accuracy to be expected from this conversion is approximately
thirty meters. When the sounder is placed in the LORAN TD format mode, thesounder simulates the full operation of a LORAN receiver. Position coordinate
may be displayed as TDs, and all navigation functions may be used as if the unit
were actually receiving LORAN signals.
12
Using the LORAN TD
Position Display Format
Selecting and Setting Up the LORAN TD Format
The LORAN Position Format field is located in the Navigation Setup Menu. To
access the list of available Position Formats highlight the Position Format field and
press ENTER. Scroll through the list of formats until 'LORAN TD' is highlighted,
then press ENTER to accept and activate the 'LORAN TD' position format. After
the 'LORAN TD' format is selected, a new field will appear to the right of the
Position Format. This field, called 'Setup TD' provides access to the 'LORAN
Setup' page. The 'LORAN Setup' page contains the fields where the GRI-Chain
Number and Secondary Stations are selected. To activate the 'LORAN SETUP'
page, highlight the 'Setup TD' field and press ENTER.
A
B
A. Position coordinates may be displayed as LORAN
TDs, and all navigation functions may be used as
if the unit were actually receiving LORAN signals.
B. Scroll through the list of formats until ‘LORAN
TD’ is highlighted, then press ENTER to accept
and activate the ‘LORAN TD’ position format.
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LORAN TDs
Using the LORAN TD
Position Display Format
It is important to set the correct GRI-chain and secondary stations for the waypoint that you want to create. The GRI-chain and Secondary station fields cannot
be edited on the Create Waypoint page. The first setting on the LORAN Setup
page is the LORAN Chain Number (GRI chain). Accessing this field activates a
dropdown menu containing the 28 available chain numbers. Highlight the
desired GRI-chain number, then press ENTER to accept your selection.
The next settings are the secondary stations. Accessing these fields also involves
activating a dropdown menu containing the 5 secondary station identifiers. To
select a station, highlight the desired setting, then press ENTER to accept your
selection. if a secondary station is selected, but the identifier is not valid for the
active GRI-chain, the corresponding field on the Position Page will be filled with
zeros. To remedy this, select a valid secondary station identifier.
A
B
A. It is important to set the correct GRI Chain and
secondary stations for the waypoint that you
want to create. The GRI Chain and secondary
station fields cannot be deleted on the Create
Waypoints Page.
B. To select a station, highlight the desired setting,
then press ENTER to accept your selection.
88
When the 'LORAN TD' position format is active, any waypoint stored in the unit's
memory will ALWAYS reference the GRI Chain and secondary stations that are
currently selected on the 'LORAN SETUP' page. This can become confusing when
reviewing waypoints that have already been saved in the unit's memory.
If the active GRI Chain, and secondary stations have been changed since the waypoint was created, the waypoint will now reference the active GRI-chain and secondary stations and the TD coordinates will be adjusted accordingly. Remember
that the GPS is not relying on the LORAN signal for navigation and actually converts the TD coordinate to a useful LAT/LON coordinate (in the background)
before storing the waypoint in unit memory or using it for navigation. Because of
this the unit can navigate to a TD coordinate anywhere in the world.
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Creating Waypoints in the LORAN TD Format
LORAN TDs
SECTION
Waypoints can be created graphically, using the Mark Key, and by Text Entry (see
page 53). Waypoints can also be created using LORAN TDs. To create a waypoint
using the LORAN TD Position Format:
12
Using LORAN TD
Waypoints
1. Verify that the correct GRI Chain and secondary stations are selected on the
'LORAN SETUP' page.
2. Following the instructions given in the Waypoint section of the manual, begin creating a new waypoint.
3. Highlight the position field and press ENTER.
4. Using the data entry technique described in the Waypoint section of the manual,
enter the TD coordinates. When finished, highlight 'DONE' and press ENTER.
You can now navigate using LORAN TD waypoints the same as you would using
GPS waypoints. Remember, the GPS converts the TD coordinate to a LAT/ LONG
coordinate for use by the GPS. To improve accuracy, update the location information when you are at the site, since the waypoint gets converted.
A
B
A. Follow the instructions given in the waypoint section of the manual to begin creating a new waypoint.
B. Using the data entry technique, enter the TD
coordinates (B).
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Sounder Installation
SECTION
A
APPENDIX
Installation
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder must be properly installed according to the following instructions to get the best possible performance. The GPSMAP 235 Sounder
is available both with and without a transducer and cable (the cable must be used
for FCC compliance). The part numbers are 010-00119-00 (unit without the
transducer) and 010-00119-01 (unit with the transducer and cable). Also available is a power data cable (P/N 320-00023-02). To complete the installation,
you’ll need appropriate fasteners and a 1” x 14-thread marine antenna mount
(which is available at most marine dealers).
Mounting the GPS Antenna
Mount the GPS antenna in a location that has a clear, unobstructed view of the
sky in all directions. Avoid mounting the antenna where it will be shaded by the
boat’s superstructure, a radome antenna, or the mast. Sailboat users should avoid
mounting the antenna high on the mast to prevent inaccurate speed readings
caused by excessive heeling. Most marine VHF and loran antennas will not seriously degrade the GPS antenna’s reception. Never paint the antenna or clean it
with harsh solvents.
The GARMIN antenna screws directly onto any standard 1 x 14-thread antenna
mount. If you need to raise the antenna to avoid shading, try using a
1” x 14-thread extension mast available at most marine dealers.
It is possible to route the coaxial cable
through, or outside the antenna mount.
The BNC connector on the coaxial cable
can be removed and the coax shortened
to ease installation. If the BNC connector
is removed, it must be replaced with a
new BNC connector.
90
To install the GPS antenna:
1. Screw the antenna onto the 1” x 14-thread mount. Route the cable to the mounting location of the display unit. Use the appropriate tie-wraps, escutcheon plates and sealant to
secure the cable along the route, and through any bulkhead or deck.
2. Once the sounder unit has been installed, connect the antenna cable to the antenna
connector on the back of the unit. Turn the antenna cable connector 1/4 turn clockwise
to lock the cable into place.
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Mounting the Sounder
The unit’s waterproof case is suitable for mounting in exposed locations or at the
nav station. The unit comes with a gimbal bracket that can be used for surface or
overhead mounting. When choosing a location for the unit, make sure you consider
the following conditions:
APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
• There should be at least a 3” (7.7 cm) clearance behind the case to allow room for connecting the antenna, power/data cables, and ferrite clamp.
• The unit should not be mounted where it is exposed to excessive temperatures for extended periods of time (see page 95).
• The mounting surface should be heavy enough to support the unit and protect it from
excessive vibration and shock.
To surface mount the sounder:
1. Place the mounting bracket in the desired location.
2. Mark and drill the four mounting holes for the fastener you are using.
3. Fasten the mounting bracket to the surface using the appropriate fasteners (not included).
4. Insert the unit into the mounting bracket. The mount is designed for a tight fit to provide
additional support when swiveling the unit.
5. Screw the two mounting knobs into the mounting bracket.
6. Connect the power/data, antenna, and transducer cables to the back of the unit, making
sure the locking rings are tightened on all connectors.
The mounting bracket can be rotated, allowing
the unit to be mounted overhead or on a vertical
surface.
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To flush mount the sounder:
SECTION
A
APPENDIX
Installation
1. Remove the four M5 screws from the back of the unit and remove the mounting bracket.
2. Using the mounting template provided in the box, determine where you wnat to mount the unit and
tape the template in place.
3. Using a hammer and center punch, mark the centers of the relief hole and mounting screw holes.
4. Using a drill and a 2.75” hole saw, cut the center relief hole from the panel. Drill four 0.25” screw
holes using a 1/4” drill bit.
5. From the front, place the unit until the relief hole rests flush against the mounting surface.
6. Secure the unit to the mounting surface using M5 screws. Note: for thick mounting surfaces, insert
the M5 screws directly through the four drilled holes (figure 1). For thin panels, place the mounting
bracket on the back side of the panel for additional support (figure 2).
7. Attach the power/data/transducer cable and antenna connector.
CAUTION!
The four M5 screw holes on the back of the unit
are blind holes (having a closed end). Do not try to
force screws deeper into these holes than the holes
will allow. Over insertion of screws will damage
the housing and break the waterproof sealing.
GPSMAP 235 Mounting Template
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APPENDIX
Installation
SECTION
A
Figure 1-For thick mounting surfaces, insert the M5 screws directly
through the four drilled holes.
Figure 2-For thin panels, place the
mounting bracket on the back side of
the panel for additional support.
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Transducer Installation
SECTION
A
APPENDIX
Proper transducer placement and installation are key to getting the best performance
from your new unit. Detailed installation instructions are provided with the transducer
that you have selected. Below are some tips and basic instructions for proper transom
mount transducer installation.
Installation
TIP
DO NOT mount the transducer near strakes, struts, fittings, water intake or discharge ports, or anything that creates air bubbles or causes the water to become turbulent. It is important that the transducer be in clean (non turbulent) water for optimal performance.
Through-Hull
Trolling Motor
Garmin offers a variety of transducers for use with
your Sounder. Detailed installation instructions for
the transducer you have selected are included with
the transducer. Proper placement and installation of
the transducer are essential in the operation of the
sounder portion of the unit. Carefully follow the
instructions provided with your transducer.
94
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Connecting the Power/Data Cable
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 235 to a 10-40 volt DC system
and provides interface capabilities for connecting external devices, including an
external alarm. The color code in the diagram below indicates the appropriate
harness connections.
APPENDIX
Wiring and
Specifications
SECTION
B
WARNING!
The temperature range for the GPSMAP 235
Sounder is -4º to +158º F (-20º to 70ºC).
Extended exposure to temperatures exceeding this
range (in storage or operating conditions) may
cause failure of the LCD screen. This type of failure and related consequences are NOT covered by
the manufacturer’s limited warranty.
95
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APPENDIX
Wiring and
Specifications
NMEA Supported Sentences
The following formats are supported for connection to up to 3 NMEA devices:
•NMEA 0180/NMEA 0182
•NMEA 0183 version 1.5
Approved sentences--GPBWC, GPGLL, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPXTE, GPVTG, GPWPL,
GPBOD, SDDBT, SDMTW and SDVHW
Proprietary sentences--PGRMM, PGRMZ (alt.) PSLIB (beacon receiver control input)
•NMEA 0183 version 2.0
Approved sentences-GPGGA, GPGLL, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPRMB, GPRMC, GPRTE,
GPWPL, GPBOD, SDDPT, SDMTW, and SDVHW
Proprietary sentences- PGRME (estimated error), PGRMM (map datum)
PGRMZ (altitude), PSLIB (beacon rec. control input)
DGPS corrections are accepted in RTCM-104 v.
2.0 format through the NMEA In (BROWN) harness lead. The GARMIN GBR 21 is the recommended beacon receiver for use with the GPSMAP
235 system. Other receivers with the correct
RTCM format may be used, but may not correctly
display status or allow tuning control from the
sounder unit.
96
To interpret the sentences, the NMEA standrad can be purchased at www.nmea.org.
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PHYSICAL
Case:
Size:
Weight:
Temperature Range:
8:47 AM
Page 97
Gasketed Construction
7.5”H x 7.7”W 2.6”D
(19.2 x 19.74 x 6.7cm)
Less than 2 lb.
-4º to +158ºF (-20º to 70ºC)
APPENDIX
Specifications
PERFORMANCE (GPSMAP 235 Sounder)
Receiver:
12 parallel channel
Acquisition Time:
Approx. 15 seconds (warm)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold)
Approx. 5 minutes (AutoLocate )
Approx. 5 minutes (Search the sky)
Update Rate:
1/second, continuous
Position Accuracy:
1-5 meters (3-16 ft.)*
15 meters (49 ft.) RMS**
Velocity Accuracy:
0.1 knot RMS steady state, 999 knots max.
Dynamics:
6g’s
Sounder Power Output:
500 WRMS
4000 W peak to peak
Frequency:
50, 200, 50/200, 200/50 kHz
SECTION
B
TM
POWER
Input:
Usage:
Note: For transducer specifications, see the
booklet included with your transducer.
10-40v DC
10 watts max.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
* With optional GARMIN GBR 21 Beacon Receiver Input.
** Subject to accuracy degradation to 100m 2DRMS under the U.S. DOD-imposed Selective Availability Program.
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Alarm Clock—The alarm clock has sounded.
SECTION
C
APPENDIX
Messages
Anchor Drag Alarm—You have drifted out of
the specified distance range.
Approaching—You are less than one minute
away from reaching a destination waypoint at
your present speed over ground.
Arrival At—You have arrived at the destination
waypoint.
Can’t Change An Active Waypoint—You have
attempted to change the ‘active to’ or ‘active from’
waypoint. Clear the active route or GOTO before
making your changes.
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder uses an on-screen
message prompt to alert you to important information. Whenever a message appears, press the J
key to view the message.
Card Format is Not Recognized—The cartridge inserted is not readable by the GPSMAP
235 Sounder system and may be damaged.
Reinsert the cartridge to make sure it is properly
installed. If the cartridge is still not recognized,
call the G-chart information line at 1-800-4276460.
Cross-Track Alarm—You have exceeded the
off-course distance specified in the CDI setup.
Data Transfer is Complete—The receiver is finished uploading or downloading information to
the connected device.
Database Memory has Failed—The built-in 64
nm (32 in U.S.) database has failed. See an authorized service center for repair.
Deep Water Alarm—The current depth is equal
to or more than the set alarm depth.
98
Degraded Accuracy—The accuracy of your
GPSMAP 235 Sounder system has been degraded
beyond 500 meters due to poor satellite geometry
or data quality.
Max Calibration Is 5000mt (16,400 ft)—You
have exceeded the maximum possible map calibration.
Memory Battery Power is Low—The internal
battery that stores waypoints, routes and track
plots needs to be replaced. Take your unit to an
authorized GARMIN service center for installation
of a new battery.
Need Altitude—Your GPSMAP 235 Sounder system needs the altitude to maintain a position fix
due to poor satellite coverage. Enter your approximate altitude on the initialize Position Page.
Need to Select Init Method—The GPSMAP 235
Sounder needs to be initialized to your present
position. See pages 1-2 for complete instructions
on initialization.
No Differential GPS Position—Not enough
data is being received to compute a DGPS position.
No Transducer, Sounder Turned Off—The
unit has detected that its transducer has been
removed and has shut the sounder off. GPS is still
functional.
Oscillator Needs Adjustment—The GPSMAP
235 Sounder has detected excessive drift in its
internal oscillator, which may result in longer
acquisition times. Take the unit to an authorized
GARMIN service center for adjustment.
Poor GPS Coverage—The GPSMAP 235
Sounder cannot acquire the necessary number of
satellites to compute a position.
Power Down and Re-init—The GPSMAP 235
Sounder cannot calculate a position due to abnormal satellite conditions. Power down and verify
the last position shown by other means.
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Proximity Alarm—You have entered the alarm
radius for the proximity waypoint indicated.
Proximity List Full—You have used all nine
proximity waypoints.
Proximity Overlaps Another Prox Wypt—The
alarm radius specified overlaps the area specified
for another proximity waypoint. (See section 10
for more information on proximity overlaps.)
RAM has Failed—The random access memory
has failed and the unit is not operable. Take your
unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for
repairs.
ROM has Failed—The unit’s permanent memory
has failed and the unit is not operable. Take your
unit to an authorized GARMIN service center for
repairs.
Received Invalid Waypoint—A waypoint was
received during upload transfer that has an invalid
identifier.
Receiver has Failed—A failure in receiver hardware has been detected. If this message persists,
do not use the unit and take it to an authorized
dealer for repair.
Route Already Exists—The route number you
are trying to copy to is already used.
Route Does Not Exist—The route number you
are trying to use or copy is not defined.
Route is Full—You have attempted to add more
than 30 waypoints to a route.
Route Memory is Full—You have attempted to
create more than 20 routes.
Route Waypoint was Deleted—A route waypoint entered does not exist in the database and
has been deleted from the route.
RTCM Input has Failed—DGPS data being
received has been lost. You are no longer receiving the beacon signal.
Searching the Sky—The GPSMAP 235 Sounder
is searching the sky for almanac data.
Shallow Water Alarm—The depth is equal to or
less than the set alarm depth.
Sonar ASIC has Failed—The unit’s internal
monitoring system indicates a malfunction. Send
in for service as soon as possible.
Sonar Transfer Timeout—The sonar is intermittently losing data. Sonar is usable but should
be returned for service is the message persists.
Stored Data was Lost—All waypoints, routes
and almanac data has been lost due to internal
battery failure.
There is No RTCM Input—The beacon receiver
is not properly connected or baud rates do not
match.
Timer Has Expired—The countdown timer has
expired.
Track Memory is Full—The track memory is
full and no additional track plot will be recorded
until the track memory has been cleared or set to
wrap mode.
Unit Too Hot Sounder Turned Off—The internal temperature of the unit is too hot. GPS will
remain operational but the depth sounder function is turned off. To restore sounder operation,
turn off unit and allow unit to cool by shading
from direct sunlight. Note: To avoid this message
use a DC voltage source less than 16 volts.
Wypt Already Exists—The waypoint name
you’ve entered already exists in memory.
Waypoint Memory is Full—You have used all
250 waypoints in the GPSMAP 235 Sounder system.
APPENDIX
Messages
SECTION
C
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D
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APPENDIX
Map Datums
Adindan
The GPSMAP 235 Sounder’s built-in worldwide
database includes chart coverage down to 64 nm (32
in U.S.) for the areas outlined above. Note that the
database is only valid to 68º15’ of latitude. The
maximum cursor latitude is 85º05’, and the maximum waypoint latitude is 89º24.543 north or south.
Afgooye
AIN EL ABD ‘70
Anna 1 Ast ‘65
ARC 1950
ARC 1960
Ascnsn Isld ‘58
Astro B4 Sorol
Astro Bcn “E”
Astro Dos 71/4
Astr Stn ‘52
100
Astrln Geod ‘66
Adindan- Ethiopia, Mali,
Senegal, Sudan
Afgooye- Somalia
AIN EL ANBD 1970Bahrain Island, Saudi
Arabia
Anna 1 Astro ‘65- Cocos I.
ARC 1950- Botswana,
Lesotho,
Malawi,
Swaziland, Zaire, Zambia,
Zimbabwe
Kenya, Tanzania
Ascension Island ‘58Ascension Island
Sorol Atoll- Tern Island
Astro Beacon “E”- Iwo Jima
Astro Dos 71/4- St. Helena
Astronomic Stn ‘52Marcus Island
Australian Geod ‘66Australia, Tasmania Island
Astrln Geod ‘84
Austria
Bellevue (IGN)
Bermuda 1957
Bogata Observ
Campo Inchspe
Canton Ast ‘66
Cape
Cape Canavrl
Carthage
CH-1903
Chatham 1971
Chua Astro
Australian Geod ‘84Australia, Tasmania Island
Austria
Efate and Erromango
Islands
Bermuda 1957- Bermuda
Islands
Bogata
ObsrvatryColombia
Campo
InchauspeArgentina
Canton Astro 1966Phoenix Islands
Cape- South Africa
Cape Canaveral- Florida,
Bahama Islands
Carthage- Tunisia
CH 1903- Switzerland
Chatham 1971- Chatham
Island (New Zealand)
Chua Astro- Paraguay
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Corrego Alegr
Djakarta
Dos 1968
Easter Isld 67
European 1950
European 1979
Finland Hayfrd
Gandajika Base
Geod Datm ‘49
Guam 1963
Gux 1 Astro
Hjorsey 1955
Hong Kong ‘63
Hu-Tzu-Shan
Indian Bngldsh
Indian Thailand
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965
ISTS 073 Astro
Johnston Island
Kandawala
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Corrego Alegre- Brazil
Djakarta (Batavia)- Sumatra
Island (Indonesia)
Dos 1968- Gizo Island
(New Georgia Islands)
Easter Island 1967
European 1950- Austria,
Belgium,
Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany,
Gibraltar, Greece, Italy,
Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Portugal, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland
European 1979- Austria,
Finland, Netherlands,
Norway, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
Finland Hayford- Finland
Gandajika Base- Republic
of Maldives
Geodetic Datum ‘49New Zealand
Guam 1963- Guam Island
Guadalcanal Island
Hjorsey 1955- Iceland
Hong Kong
Taiwan
Indian- Bangladesh, India,
Nepal
Indian- Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia ‘74
Ireland 1965- Ireland
ISTS 073 ASTRO ‘69Diego Garcia
Johnston Island Kandawala
Kandawala- Sri Lanka
Sri-Lanka
Kerguelen Islnd
Kertau 1948
L. C. 5 Astro
Liberia 1964
Luzon Mindanao
Luzon Philippine
Mahe 1971
Marco Astro
Massawa
Merchich
Midway Ast ‘61
Minna
NAD27 Alaska
NAD27 Bahamas
NAD27 Canada
NAD27 Canal Zone
NAD27 Caribbean
NAD27 Central
NAD27 CONUS
NAD27 Cuba
Kerguelen Island
West Malaysia, Singapore
Cayman Brac Island
Liberia 1964- Liberia
Luzon- Mindanao Island
LuzonPhilippines
(excluding Mindanao Isl.)
Mahe 1971- Mahe Island
Marco Astro- Salvage Isl.
Massawa- Eritrea (Ethiopia)
Merchich- Morocco
Midway Astro ‘61- Midway
Minna- Nigeria
North American 1927Alaska
North American 1927Bahamas (excluding San
Salvador Island)
North American 1927Canada and Newfoundland
North Am. 1927- Canal
Zone
North American 1927Caribbean (Barbados,
Caicos Islands, Cuba,
Dom. Rep., Grd. Cayman,
Jamaica, Leeward and
Turks Islands)
North American 1927Central America (Belize,
Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua)
North Am. 1927- Mean
Value (CONUS)
North American 1927Cuba
APPENDIX
Map Datums
SECTION
D
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NAD27 Greenland
SECTION
D
APPENDIX
Map Datums
NAD27 Mexico
NAD27 San Salvadr
NAD83
Nahrwn Masirah llnd
Nahrwn Saudi Arbia
Nahrwn United Arab
Naparima BWI
Obsrvtorio ‘66
Old Egyptian
Old Hawaiian
Oman
Ord Srvy Grt Britn
Pico De Las Nieves
Potsdam
Pitcairn Astro ‘67
Prov So Amricn ‘56
Prov So Chilean ‘63
Puerto Rico
Qatar National
Qornoq
Reunion
102
North American 1927Greenland
(Hayes
Peninsula)
N. American 1927- Mexico
North American 1927- San
Salvador Island
North American 1983Alaska, Canada, Central
America, CONUS, Mexico
Nahrwn- Masirah Island
(Oman)
Nahrwn- Saudi Arabia
Nahrwn- United Arab
Emirates
Naparima BWI- Trinidad
and Tobago
Observatorio 1966- Corvo
and Flores Islands (Azores)
Old Egyptian- Egypt
Old Hawaiian- Mean Value
Oman- Oman
Old Survey Grt BritnEngland, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland Isl.,
Wales
Canary Islands
Germany
Pitcairn Astro ‘67- Pitcairn
Prov So Amricn ‘56Bolivia, Chile,Colombia,
Ecuador, Guyana, Peru,
Venezuela
So Chilean ‘63- S. Chile
Puerto Rico & Virgin Isl.
Qatar National- Qatar
Qornoq- South Greenland
Reunion- Mascarene Island
Rome 1940
RT 90
Santo (Dos)
Sao Braz
Sapper Hill ‘43
Schwarzeck
South American ‘69
South Asia
Southeast Base
Southwest Base
Timbalai 1948
Tokyo
Tristan Astro ‘68
Viti Levu 1916
Wake-Eniwetok
WGS 72
WGS 84
Zanderij
Rome 1940- Sardinia Isl.
Sweden
Santo (Dos)- Espirito Santo
Sao Braz- Sao Miguel,
Santa Maria Islands
Sapper Hill 1943- East
Falkland Island
Schwarzeck- Namibia
S. American ‘69- Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia,
Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela, Trin/Tobago
South Asia- Singapore
Southeast Base- Porto
Santo and Madiera Islands
Southwest Base- Faial,
Graciosa, Pico, Sao Jorge
and Terceira Islands
Timbalai 1948- Brunei and
E. Malaysia (Sarawak and
Sabah)
Tokyo- Japan, Korea,
Okinawa
Tristan Astro 1968- Tristan
da Cunha
Viti Levu 1916- Viti Levu/
Fiji Islands
Wake-Eniwetok- Marshall
World Geodetic System 72
World Geodetic System 84
Zanderij- Surinam
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Almanac Data: The satellite constellation information (including location and health of satellites) that
is transmitted to your receiver from every GPS satellite. Almanac data must be acquired before GPS
navigation can begin.
Bearing (BRG): The compass direction from your position to a destination.
Course Over Ground (COG): Direction of movement relative to a ground position.
APPENDIX
Glossary
SECTION
E
Crosstrack Error (XTK): The distance you are off a desired course in either direction.
Desired Track (DTK): The compass course between the ‘from’ and ‘to’ waypoints.
Differential GPS (DGPS): An extension of the GPS system that uses land-based radio beacons to transmit position corrections to GPS receivers.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA): The time of day of your arrival at a destination.
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE): The time remaining to your destination at your present speed.
Grid: A coordinate system that projects the earth on a flat surface, using square zones for position measurements.
Ground Speed (SOG): The velocity you are traveling relative to a ground position.
Latitude: A north/south measurement of position perpendicular to the earth’s polar axis.
Longitude: An east/west measurement of position in relation to the Prime Meridian, an imaginary circle
that passes through the north and south poles.
Position: An exact, unique location based on a geographic coordinate system.
Sensitivity: A measure of how sensitive the sounder is to sonar echoes.
Speed Through Water (STW): The speed you are traveling relative to the water’s surface.
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Thermocline— A layer of water separating warmer water above from cooler water below.
SECTION
E
APPENDIX
Glossary
Turn (TRN)— The difference and direction in degrees between the bearing to your destination
and your course over ground. The TRN value is used to indicate what direction, and how many
degrees, to turn to get back on course.
Universal Time Coordinated (UTC)— The time of day at the prime meridian (0º longitude) in
Greenwich, England.
Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)— A grid coordinate system that projects global sections
onto a flat surface to measure position in specific zones.
Velocity Made Good (VMG)—The speed you are traveling in the direction of the destination.
Waypoint—A specific location saved in the receiver’s memory.
Whiteline—A term applied to the portion of the sonar display which shows the area of strongest
sonar return (typically the bottom).
104
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The chart below gives an approximate UTC time offset for the various longitudinal zones. Check with local charts for more detailed information. If you are in
daylight savings time, add one hour to the offset.
Longitudinal Zone
Offset
W180.0º to W172.5º
W172.5º to W157.5º
W157.5º to W142.5º
W142.5º to W127.5º
W127.5º to W112.5º
W112.5º to W097.5º
W097.5º to W082.5º
W082.5º to W067.5º
W067.5º to W052.5º
W052.5º to W037.5º
W037.5º to W022.5º
W022.5º to W007.5º
W007.5º to E007.5º
E007.5º to E022.5º
E022.5º to E037.5º
E037.5º to E052.5º
E052.5º to E067.5º
E067.5º to E082.5º
E082.5º to E097.5º
E097.5º to E112.5º
E112.5º to E127.5º
E127.5º to E142.5º
E142.5º to E157.5º
E157.5º to E172.5º
E172.5º to E180.0º
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
APPENDIX
Time Offset Chart
SECTION
F
105
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G
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2D Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3D Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
APPENDIX
Index
Accessories
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vi
Acquiring Satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Active Route Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17, 72
Addresses/Phone Numbers . . . . . . .Inside Cover
Almanac Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Anchor Drag Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Arrival Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Auto Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Auto Range Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
AutoLocate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Backlight Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Backlighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Bearing (BRG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Cancelling a GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
CDI Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Chart Speed, Adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Clock Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Connecting the Power/Data Cable . . . . . . . . . .95
Countdown Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Course (COG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Crosstrack Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Crosstrack Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Cursor, Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Cursor, Using on Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
Cursor Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Data Field, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Data Window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Depth Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Differential GPS (DGPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Display Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Distance (DIS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
106
Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
. . . . . . . . . . .15
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) . . . . . . . . . .103
Fish ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
G-Charts, Installing and Removing . . . . . . . . .84
G-Charts, Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Going To A Destination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
GOTO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
GOTO Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
Graphic Compass Tape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Graphic Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Heading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Highway Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Highway, Configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
Index
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Input/Output Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Keel Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Keypad Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Latitude:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Local/UTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
LORAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86-89
Main Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17-18
Main Menu Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Manual Speed Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Manual Range Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Map Configuration, Enable Or Disable A Row 45
Map Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Map Colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Map Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
Map Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
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Map Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Map Orientation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Map Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10, 39
Center On First Wpt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Center On Vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Outlines Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Map Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Map/Sounder Split Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . .10, 28
Mark Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Marking A Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Maximize Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Measure BRG/DIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
MOB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
Mounting the GPS Antenna . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
Mounting the GPS Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Navigation Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Navigation Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15, 49
Navigation Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Navigation Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Navigation Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Nearest Waypoints List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
NMEA and DGPS Interface Settings . . . . . . . .83
NMEA Supported Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Noise Rejection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Operational Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Packing List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vi
Page Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Page Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Point-To-Point Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Poor GPS Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Position Coordinates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Position Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Position Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5, 22
Position Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Power On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Proximity Alarms, Turning On or Off . . . . . . .60
Proximity Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Proximity Waypoints, Removing From List . . .60
APPENDIX
Index
SECTION
G
Range Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8,25
Receiver Not Usable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Receiver Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Reference Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Activating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69-70
Clearing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Copying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Creating Graphically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66
Creating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Custom Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Deactivating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69, 71
Inverting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
Route List Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Route Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Route Planning Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Route Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Editing As Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68, 70
Editing On Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Inserting New . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Reviewing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Removing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
Screen Contrast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Searching The Sky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Sensitivity Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Sensitivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
107
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Simulated Boat Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Simulated Boat Steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Simulating Navigation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Simulator Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Sounder, Turning Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Sounder Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Sounder Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Sounder Page Adjustable Scale . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Sounder Setup Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Speed Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Speed Over Ground (SOG) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Speed Through Water (STW) . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Status Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Status Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4, 19
Status Page Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Sunrise/Sunset Planner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
System Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
108
Target Depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Temperature Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Thermocline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7, 104
Time Offset, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Time Offset Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105
Timers and Alarms Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Tone Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
TracBack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12, 64
TracBack Waypoints, Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Track Log, Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Track Log Submenu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Transducer Frequency, Setting . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Transducer Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Trip and Fuel Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
Trip Odometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Tuning DGPS Stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Turn (TRN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Underwater Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) . . . . . . .104
Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) . . . . . .104
User Magnetic Variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Velocity Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
Velocity Made Good (VMG) . . . . . . . . . .15, 104
Warranty
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv
Water Type, Selecting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Waypoints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Creating And Using . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Creating by Text Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Creating Graphically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Deleting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Review/Edit From Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Reviewing and Editing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Renaming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Waypoint Definition Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Waypoint List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Waypoint Submenus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Waypoint Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Waypoint Symbol, Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . .57
Website Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Inside Cover
Whiteline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7, 104
Whiteline Adjust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Window Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Zoom Feature
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
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© 1999 GARMIN Corporation
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GARMIN (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey SO51 9AQ UK
GARMIN (Asia) Corp., 3F,. No. 1, Lane 45, Pao Hsing Road, Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan R.O.C.
Part Number 190-00138-10 Rev. B