Owner`s manual | Garmin GPSMAP 396 GPS Receiver User Manual

Owner’s Manual
GPSMAP 396
®
© 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street,
Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate,
Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK
Tel. +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK)
0808 2380000 (UK only)
Fax 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any
storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto
a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed
copy of this manual must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any
revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without
obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental
information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products.
Garmin®, GPSMAP®, AutoLocate®, TracBack®, BlueChart®, MapSource®, and See-Thru® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be
used without the express permission of Garmin. XM WX Weather and XM Radio are trademarks of XM Satellite Radio Inc.
September 2006
Part Number 190-00462-00 Rev. D
Printed in Taiwan
INTRODUCTION > ABOUT THIS MANUAL
INTRODUCTION
Thank you for choosing the Garmin GPSMAP® 396, an unsurpassed
portable aviation receiver that utilizes the proven performance of Garmin
GPS, XM Radio, and XM WX Weather. Take a moment now to compare
the contents of this package with the packing list on the outside of the box.
If any pieces are missing, contact your Garmin dealer immediately.
About This Manual
To get the most out of your new navigation system, read this manual and
learn the operating procedures for your unit. This manual contains the
following sections:
The Introduction contains the Table of Contents. The Getting Started
section provides information such as an overview of unit features and how
to turn the unit on and adjust the backlight.
The Basic Operation in Aviation Mode section provides you with
information about navigating with the GPSMAP 396 in Aviation Mode.
The Aviation Mode Pages section reviews, in detail, the main pages and
features of Aviation Mode, such as E6B and Terrain.
The Basic Operation in Automotive Mode section provides you with
information about navigating with the GPSMAP 396 in Automotive Mode.
The Automotive Mode Pages section reviews in detail, the main pages and
features in Automotive Mode, such as the Trip Computer Page and creating
waypoints.
The Basic Operation in Marine Mode section provides you with
information about navigating with the GPSMAP 396 in Marine Mode.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
The Marine Mode Pages section reviews the main pages and features in
Marine Mode, such as using DSC. For complete information about some
of the main pages and features in Marine Mode, refer to the Aviation and
Automotive sections.
The Main Menu section describes pages and features found in the Main
Menu.
The Using XM WX Weather section describes how to use XM WX
Satellite Weather features on your GPSMAP 396.
If you have a GSD 20 or GSD 21 Sounder Module connected to your
GPSMAP 396, refer to the Setting up and Using Sonar.
The TIS (Traffic Information Service) and VHF Comm sections provide
optional TIS and VHF connection and usage information.
The Appendix contains specifications, optional accessories, maintenance
information, and other product information.
An Index is provided at the end of the manual for reference.
Manual Conventions
This manual uses the term Warning to indicate a potentially hazardous
situation, which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
This manual uses the term Caution to indicate a potentially hazardous
situation, which, if not avoided, may result in minor injury or property
damage. It may also be used without the symbol to alert you to avoid
unsafe practices.
i
INTRODUCTION > TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents
Introduction...........................................................................i
About This Manual ................................................................... i
Warning .................................................................................... v
Caution .................................................................................... vi
Getting Started.....................................................................1
Unit Overview .......................................................................... 1
Charging the GPSMAP 396 ..................................................... 2
Turning On the GPSMAP 396 ................................................. 3
Getting Satellite Signals ......................................................... 4
Learning About the Keypad.................................................... 7
Using the GPSMAP 396 .......................................................... 8
Simulator Mode ..................................................................... 11
Basic Operation In Aviation Mode ...................................13
Aviation Mode Page Sequence ............................................ 13
Creating a Direct To .............................................................. 14
Finding a Nearby Point ......................................................... 17
Selecting an Approach.......................................................... 22
Finding Points on Land ........................................................ 24
Marking a Waypoint............................................................... 25
Creating a Flight Plan (Route) .............................................. 26
Following your Flight Plan ................................................... 27
ii
Aviation Mode Pages ........................................................28
Map Page................................................................................ 28
Terrain Page ........................................................................... 36
Panel Page ............................................................................. 39
Active Route Page ................................................................. 43
Position Data Page ................................................................ 44
Flight Log ............................................................................... 45
Aircraft Information ............................................................... 46
E6B Tab .................................................................................. 48
XM Audio Page ...................................................................... 50
Basic Operation In Automotive Mode ..............................54
Automotive Mode Page Sequence....................................... 54
Navigating in Automotive Mode ........................................... 55
Finding an Item ...................................................................... 57
Creating Routes..................................................................... 60
Creating Waypoints ............................................................... 62
Following an Automotive Route........................................... 65
Editing Your Route ................................................................ 66
Automotive Mode Pages and Features ...........................68
Map Page................................................................................ 68
Highway Page ........................................................................ 69
Current Route Page............................................................... 71
Trip Computer ........................................................................ 72
Editing and Managing Routes .............................................. 73
Editing and Managing Waypoints ........................................ 77
Managing Your Tracks .......................................................... 86
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
INTRODUCTION > TABLE OF CONTENTS
Basic Operation in Marine Mode ......................................90
Marine Mode Page Sequence ............................................... 90
Navigating in Marine Mode ................................................... 91
Marine Mode Pages and Features ...................................92
Map Page................................................................................ 92
Compass Page....................................................................... 93
DSC ......................................................................................... 95
Main Menu ........................................................................100
GPS Tab ................................................................................ 100
Weather Tab ......................................................................... 101
XM Tab .................................................................................. 101
Flights Tab ........................................................................... 102
Route Tab ............................................................................. 102
Points Tab ............................................................................ 103
Track Tab .............................................................................. 103
Sonar Tab ............................................................................. 104
Aircraft Tab .......................................................................... 104
Alarms Tab ........................................................................... 105
Celestial Tab ........................................................................ 108
Message Tab ........................................................................ 112
Display Tab .......................................................................... 113
Sound Tab ............................................................................ 114
Setup Tab ............................................................................. 115
Location Sub Tab ................................................................ 119
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Using XM WX Weather ....................................................125
Viewing XM WX Weather..................................................... 125
Setting XM WX Weather Options ....................................... 126
Using the Weather Tab ........................................................ 129
Finding Weather Information ............................................. 132
Setting up and Using Sonar ...........................................134
Showing Sonar on the Map Page....................................... 134
Using the Sonar Page ......................................................... 135
Setting Up the Sonar Page ................................................. 139
Understanding Sonar .......................................................... 142
Viewing the Sonar Temperature Tab.................................. 145
TIS (Traffic Information Service) ....................................146
TIS Limitations..................................................................... 147
TIS Symbology .................................................................... 149
Traffic Ground Track .......................................................... 150
Traffic Warning Window...................................................... 150
Map Page.............................................................................. 151
TIS Operational Procedures ............................................... 152
VHF Comm .......................................................................153
iii
INTRODUCTION > TABLE OF CONTENTS
Appendix ..........................................................................154
Specifications ...................................................................... 154
Care Information ................................................................. 155
Optional Accessories .......................................................... 156
Installation Information....................................................... 157
Learning About GPS ........................................................... 162
LORAN TD Setup ................................................................. 164
Map Datums and Location Formats .................................. 166
Digital Selective Calling (DSC) ........................................... 167
Jeppesen Database Information ........................................ 169
Messages ............................................................................. 170
Data Field Options............................................................... 173
License Agreement and Warranty ..................................... 175
Product Registration ........................................................... 175
Index .................................................................................180
iv
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
INTRODUCTION > WARNING
Warning
Failure to avoid the following potentially hazardous situations could
result in an accident or collision resulting in death or serious injury.
When installing the GPSMAP 396 in a vehicle, place the unit securely so
that it does not interfere with vehicle operating controls or obstruct the
driver’s view of the road (see diagram).
Do not mount
where driver’s
field of vision is
blocked.
Do not place
unsecured on
the vehicle
dash.
Do not mount in front of an airbag
field of deployment.
Always operate the vehicle in a safe manner. Do not become distracted by
the GPSMAP 396 while driving, and always be fully aware of all driving
conditions. Minimize the amount of time spent viewing the screen of the
GPSMAP 396 while driving and use voice prompts when possible. Do
not enter destinations, change settings, or access any functions requiring
prolonged use of the unit’s controls while driving. Pull over in a safe and
legal manner before attempting such operations.
When navigating, carefully compare information shown on the
GPSMAP 396 to all available navigation sources, including information
from street signs, visual sightings, and maps. For safety, always resolve any
discrepancies or questions before continuing navigation.
The GPSMAP 396 contains a replaceable, rechargeable lithium-ion battery.
The battery may present a risk of fire or chemical burn if mistreated.
•
Do not recharge out of the unit, disassemble, heat above 140°F
(60°C), or incinerate.
• Keep used battery away from children.
• Only replace with Garmin Lithium-ion Battery Pack. Using another
battery may present a risk of fire or explosion.
• Dispose of used battery or unit properly. Contact your local waste
disposal department for information on properly disposing of
lithium-ion batteries.
Use the electronic chart in the GPSMAP 396 only to facilitate, not to
replace, the use of authorized government charts. Official government charts
and notices to mariners contain all information needed to navigate safely.
When navigating in an aircraft, use the GPSMAP 396 only as an aid for
VFR navigation. Use terrain and obstacle data only as an aid to situational
awareness.
WARNING: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This Notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, refer to our
Web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
v
INTRODUCTION > CAUTION
Caution
Failure to avoid the following potentially hazardous situations may
result in injury or property damage.
The GPSMAP 396 is designed to provide you with route suggestions. It
does not reflect road closures or road conditions, traffic congestion, weather
conditions, or other factors that may affect safety or timing while driving.
Use the GPSMAP 396 only as a navigational aid. Do not attempt to use the
GPSMAP 396 for any purpose requiring precise measurement of direction,
distance, location, or topography. This product should not be used to
determine ground proximity for aircraft navigation.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is operated by the United States
government, which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance.
The government’s system is subject to changes which could affect
the accuracy and performance of all GPS equipment, including the
GPSMAP 396. Although the GPSMAP 396 is a precision navigation device,
any navigation device can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore,
become unsafe.
Map Data Information: One of the goals of Garmin is to provide customers with the most complete and accurate cartography that is available to us at a reasonable
cost. We use a combination of governmental and private data sources, which we identify in product literature and copyright messages shown to the consumer.
Virtually all data sources contain inaccurate or incomplete data to some extent. This is particularly true outside the United States, where complete and accurate
digital data is either not available or prohibitively expensive.
TFR Data: Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) data is provided by the FAA and may not be updated outside of normal business hours. Confirm data currency
though alternate sources and contact your local FSS for interpretation of TFR data.
The California Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 requires the recycling of certain electronics. For more information on the applicability to this product, see
www.erecycle.org.
vi
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > UNIT OVERVIEW
GETTING STARTED
Unit Overview
The GPSMAP 396 is an all-in-one, versatile color aviation, automotive, and marine navigator-perfect for air, land, or water. This portable
GPS navigator features a 256-color TFT screen that is easy to read in bright sun, Jeppesen aviation database, and auto routing to provide
you with automatically generated turn-by-turn directions. With the included GXM 30/30A antenna and a subscription to XM WX Satellite
Weather, pilots have constant access to NEXRAD radar, lightning, METARs, TAFs, TFRs, and more. In addition, the GPSMAP 396 offers
XM Satellite Radio capabilities, featuring more than 150 digital channels of commercial free music; more than 30 channels of news, sports,
talk and entertainment; and more than 20 dedicated channels of XM Instant Traffic & Weather.
GPS antenna
256-Color TFT screen
with backlighting
Backlit keypad for easy nighttime operation
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Detachable GPS antenna
collapses for storage.
Be sure the antenna
is up (as shown here)
to receive satellite
signals. Refer to the
Appendix, page 161,
for instructions
on removing the
antenna.
Battery pack. Press tab down to
remove battery pack for replacement,
if necessary. See the “Warning”
section on page v for more
information about the lithium-ion
battery pack.
External power
connector under
weather cap
USB/GXM 30/30A connector Slot for optional
under weather cap
data card
Audio connector
Serial
under weather cap
number
1
GETTING STARTED > CHARGING THE GPSMAP 396
Charging the GPSMAP 396
Before using the unit, you need to charge the battery in the
GPSMAP 396. Plug the unit into a 12 Volt connector to charge. You
can use the unit while it is charging.
To charge the unit’s battery:
1. Lift the rubber weather cap to expose the power connector
on the back of the unit. Refer to the image on page 1 for
connector location.
2. Align the notches, and push the plug into the connector until
fully seated.
3. Plug the 12 Volt adapter into a cigarette lighter receptacle if
you have a cigarette lighter adapter. Use care when routing
the adapter cable; be certain that it does not interfere with
vehicle operation.
The unit begins charging as soon as external power is applied.
Placing the unit in Charge Mode charges the unit more quickly than
when the unit is turned on and reduces draw on the aircraft/vehicle/
boat battery.
Information about Charge Mode
Applying external power to the GPSMAP 396 automatically turns
on the unit for full operation. If the battery is present and needs to be
charged, the external power source charges the battery while the unit
is in use.
2
If you do not want to use the unit, but you would like to charge the
battery, you can put the unit into Charge Mode. Connect the unit to
an external power supply. Press and hold the POWER key. Instead
of completely turning off, the unit now goes into Charge Mode, as
shown below.
Charge Mode
NOTE: While in Charge Mode, the unit draws a small amount
of current from the aircraft/vehicle/boat battery. To avoid
discharging the vehicle’s battery, disconnect the external power
cable from the GPSMAP 396 when not in use for several days.
After using the unit a lot, you may notice that the lithium-ion battery
in the unit is not holding a charge any more. This is common for
lithium-ion batteries. Contact Garmin or your Garmin Dealer to
order a Battery Pack replacement if you are experiencing charging
issues with your battery.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > TURNING ON THE GPSMAP 396
Turning On the GPSMAP 396
The first time you turn on your new GPSMAP 396, the receiver
must collect satellite data and establish its present location. To
ensure proper initialization, the GPSMAP 396 is shipped from the
factory in AutoLocate mode, which allows the receiver to “find
itself” anywhere in the world. Before you turn on the unit to start
initialization, be sure that the antenna is rotated up as shown on
page 1, and it has a clear and unobstructed view of the sky to receive
satellite signals.
To turn the GPSMAP 396 on and off:
1. Press and hold the red POWER key. When the unit turns on,
a tone sounds and the Warning Page appears.
3. To turn off the GPSMAP 396, press and hold the POWER
key again.
Adjusting the Backlight and Volume
The POWER key controls the 10 level backlight and volume of the
optional headphone jack or external speaker with 12/24-Volt Adapter
Cable.
To adjust the backlight level or volume:
1. Press and quickly release the POWER key.
2. Press the ROCKER up to increase the brightness or down to
decrease. Press right to raise the volume or left to lower.
3. Press ENTER or QUIT to close the Backlight/Volume
adjustment window. Press MENU to view the options menu.
Battery time remaining
and power source
indicator
Warning Page
Backlight
adjustment slider
Volume
adjustment slider
2. Read and be sure you understand the warning. Press
ENTER to continue.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
3
GETTING STARTED > GETTING SATELLITE SIGNALS
Getting Satellite Signals
Viewing GPS Status With the GPS Tab
It can take a few minutes to acquire satellites and show your current
location on the map. Be patient as the unit acquires satellite data.
To get signals more quickly, be sure the antenna is raised to the up
position shown in the image on page 1.
As the receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar appears
for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite number
underneath each bar. The numbers shown below each bar represent
the particular satellite that is being received. Numbers above 33
indicate WAAS satellites.
After you turn on the GPSMAP 396, the unit automatically begins
searching for satellites. The GPS Page appears while the unit is
gathering satellite signals and acquiring a fix. This process should
take only a few minutes. While the GPSMAP 396 is getting satellite
signals, the GPS Page shows the status as “Acquiring Satellites.”
The GPS tab provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition,
receiver status, and accuracy. The sky view and signal strength bars
give an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and
whether they are being tracked.
The sky view shows a birds-eye view of the location of each satellite
relative to the receiver’s last known location. The outer circle
represents the horizon (north up), the inner circle represents 45º
above the horizon, and the center point represents a location directly
overhead. You can also set the sky view to a Track Up configuration,
causing the top of the sky view to align along your current track
heading.
GPS Page
NOTE: While acquiring satellites, the Map Page can show the
wrong location, such as China. This does not mean your unit
has the wrong data loaded. The GPS receiver needs a few more
minutes to acquire satellites and find your current location.
4
A power source indicator shows the unit is operating off battery
power (
), that the unit is charging (
), or that an
external power source is in use (
).
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > GETTING SATELLITE SIGNALS
Receiver
status field
Signal
strength
bars
Sky view
Power
source
indicator
GPS Page
The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages:
• No signal strength bars—the receiver is looking for the
satellites indicated.
• White signal strength bars—the receiver has found the
satellite and is collecting data.
• Green signal strength bars—the receiver has collected the
necessary data from this satellite.
As soon as the GPSMAP 396 has collected the necessary data from
the best satellites in view to calculate a fix, the status field indicates
the status of the receiver. The unit then updates the location, date,
and time.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Receiver Status
The Receiver Status field shows one of the following conditions:
• Searching the Sky—the receiver is looking for satellites.
• AutoLocate—the receiver is looking for any satellite whose
almanac has been collected, which can take up to 5 minutes.
• Acquiring Satellites—the receiver is looking for and collecting
data from satellites visible at its last known or initialized location,
but has not acquired a fix.
• 2D GPS Location—At least three satellites have been acquired
and a two-dimensional location fix has been calculated. “2D
Differential” appears when you are receiving DGPS corrections in
2D mode and a “D” appears on the strength bar of satellites being
corrected.
• 3D GPS Location—At least four satellites have been acquired
and a three-dimensional fix has been calculated. “3D Differential”
appears when you are receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode and
a “D” appears on the strength bar of satellites being corrected.
• Lost Satellite Reception—the receiver is no longer tracking
enough satellites for a 2D or 3D fix.
• Receiver Not Usable—the receiver is unusable, possibly due to
interference or abnormal satellite conditions. Turn the unit off and
back on to reset.
• Simulating GPS—the receiver is in Simulator Mode.
• GPS Off—the GPS receiver is turned off.
5
GETTING STARTED > GETTING SATELLITE SIGNALS
GPS Tab Options
Press MENU two times to open the Main Menu. Use the ROCKER
to highlight GPS. Press MENU to open the options menu:
GPS Tips
While the receiver is gathering information, your location on the
map can show as different from where you actually are located. Be
patient; as soon as the receiver gathers enough satellite information,
your proper location is shown on the map.
Any time you have traveled more than 600 miles with the GPS
receiver turned off, the receiver can take longer than normal to
initialize and find your location.
GPS Tab Options Menu
Start/Stop Simulator—starts and stops Simulator Mode, which is
helpful when learning how to use your unit.
The GPS receiver can lose satellite signals due to interference from
such items as buildings, tunnels, and heavy tree cover. Monitoring
the GPS status is recommended.
To learn about GPS, refer to “Learning about GPS” on page 162.
Enable WAAS—enables WAAS capability. Refer to page 163 of the
“Appendix” for more information about WAAS.
Track/North Up Skyview—orients the sky view page on the GPS
tab to north up or track up.
New Altitude—allows you to manually enter your altitude.
New Location—allows you to enter a new location automatically
or using the map. When in Aviation Mode, you can enter the airport
identifier.
6
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > LEARNING ABOUT THE KEYPAD
Learning About the Keypad
PAGE/MODE Key
IN/OUT Keys
• Press to cycle through the main pages in sequence
and return the screen from a submenu page.
• Press to zoom in or out on the Map Page.
• Press and hold to switch between Aviation, Marine,
and Automotive Modes.
• Press up, down, right or left to move through
lists, highlight fields, on-screen buttons and icons,
enter data, or move the map pointer.
QUIT Key
• Press to cycle through the main pages in reverse
sequence, revert to the previous value in a data entry
field, or cancel a function.
ROCKER Keypad
NRST/FIND Key
ENTER/MARK Key
• Shows the nearest airports, navaids, points of
communication, and airspace boundaries in
Aviation Mode.
• Press to select a highlighted option, initiate entry,
and then confirm.
• Press multiple times in Aviation Mode to show
the Find Menu.
• Press and hold to mark a waypoint.
DIRECT TO Key
MENU/WX Key
• Press to start a Go To using airports, navaids,
recently used waypoints, or user-created
waypoints.
• Press to view the Options Menu for the current page.
• Press twice to show the Main Menu.
• Press and hold to toggle XM WX weather on or off
on the Map Page.
POWER Key
• Press and hold to turn the unit on or off.
• Press and release to adjust the backlighting and
external speaker volume.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
• Press and hold to show additional information for
the current destination (such as communication
frequency and runway data).
• While in Automotive Mode, press and hold for
more than one second to show the Next Turn
Page and announce the next turn.
7
GETTING STARTED > USING THE GPSMAP 396
Using the GPSMAP 396
This section explains how to enter and select information with the
GPSMAP 396. To switch between Aviation, Marine, and Automotive
Modes, press and hold PAGE. Use the ROCKER to select a mode,
and press ENTER.
Understanding Terms
The GPSMAP 396 unit’s advanced keypad system is designed to
allow quick, convenient selection of navigation options and data
entry. As you progress through this owner’s manual, you are directed
to press a specific key or highlight a field on the screen. When you
are directed to press a key, you should press and quickly release the
key. If the key needs to be held down for a period of time to start a
secondary function, the instructions tell you to do so. When a field is
selected on the screen, it is highlighted in yellow. The location of the
highlight is controlled by the ROCKER.
Field—the location on a page where data or an option can be
entered and shown. Select (highlight) a field using the ROCKER to
begin entering data or selecting options.
On-Screen Button—use the ROCKER to highlight a button and
press ENTER to select the button.
Scroll Bar—when viewing a list of items too long to show on
the screen, a scroll bar appears along the right side of the list.
The location of the scroll bar indicates which portion of the list is
currently shown. To scroll through a list, press up or down on the
ROCKER.
Default—the factory setting saved in the unit’s memory. You can
change the settings as you like, but you can also revert to the factory
(default) settings when you select Restore Defaults.
The following features are referred to throughout this manual:
Highlight—move the highlighted area on the screen up, down, left,
or right with the ROCKER to select individual fields. Moving the
highlight to a given location allows you to make a selection, begin
data entry, or scroll through a list.
Field
8
On-screen
buttons
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > USING THE GPSMAP 396
Selecting Options and Entering Data
To enter data and select options, you must use the ROCKER to
highlight, select, or choose an item in a list or a field on the screen.
Use the ENTER and ROCKER keys to select options, enter names
and numbers in data fields, and start your selections.
To select and start an option:
1. Press MENU on any page. An options menu appears with a
list of optional features for that page.
2. Use the ROCKER to move the highlight up, down, right, or
left on the menu to your selection.
To exit a menu or return to the previous setting:
1. Press QUIT to move backward through your steps.
2. To return to the starting page, press QUIT repeatedly.
To select and start an on-screen button:
1. On a page with on-screen buttons, use the ROCKER to
highlight the on-screen button you want.
2. Press ENTER.
On-Screen Button
Selecting an option from an options menu.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
9
GETTING STARTED > USING THE GPSMAP 396
To enter data in a data field:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the data field you want, and
press ENTER to activate the field.
2. Press up or down on the ROCKER to select characters.
Press right to move to the next character or press left to
move back to the previous character. If there are two lines of
data, keep pressing right to drop to the next line.
3. After entering the data, press ENTER.
Entering Data
NOTE: To clear the entire data field, highlight the left-most
character field and press left once more on the ROCKER.
GPSMAP 396 Databases
Your GPSMAP 396 comes with Jeppesen® database, Obstacle
database, Terrain database, and Voice Guidance database. You also
should update your Jeppesen database to use the most current data.
Refer to page 169 in the “Appendix” for more information.
MapSource Detailed Maps
Optional Garmin data cards and MapSource CD-ROMs enhance
the versatility of your GPSMAP 396. With optional MapSource
City Navigator® data, you can view listings of nearby restaurants,
lodging, shopping centers, attractions, and entertainment, and even
retrieve addresses and phone numbers for any listed location. With
optional BlueChart g2 data, you can access marine navaids, wrecks,
obstructions, and anchorage locations.
The included USB Interface Cable or an optional PC Interface Cable
(with a serial connector) is used to transfer MapSource CD-ROM
data to the optional data card.
For compatible MapSource products, refer to the Garmin Web site at
www.garmin.com/cartography/.
Not all fields are programmable. When you are on a page with fields
that are not selectable, the highlight skips over them.
10
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
GETTING STARTED > SIMULATED BASIC NAVIGATION
Simulator Mode
The GPSMAP 396 contains a Simulator Mode. Simulator Mode is
helpful for practicing with the unit indoors or when no satellite or
XM signals are available or if either antenna is not connected. All
waypoints and routes created in Simulator Mode are retained in
memory for future use. The following section describes how to use
Simulator Mode and walks you through some basic navigation using
the simulator.
NOTE: Do not attempt to navigate using Simulator Mode. When
the unit is set to Simulator Mode, the GPS receiver is turned off.
Any Satellite Signal Strength Bars shown are only simulations
and do not represent the strength of actual satellite signals.
Starting Simulator Mode
To start Simulator Mode using the Setup tab:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
Highlight Setup from the vertical menu.
Highlight the System sub tab.
Select Simulator from the System Mode field.
You can start Simulator Mode for the GPS tab or the Setup tab on
the Main Menu.
To start Simulator Mode using the GPS tab:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
Highlight GPS from the vertical menu.
Press MENU to open the GPS tab options menu.
Highlight Start Simulator, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Setup tab
System tab
11
GETTING STARTED > SIMULATED BASIC NAVIGATION
Entering a New Location
From the GPS options menu you can enter a New Location and
New Altitude to simulate from.
To enter a New Location using the map:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU twice, and highlight GPS from the vertical menu.
Press MENU to open the options menu.
Highlight New Location, and press ENTER.
Highlight Use Map, and press ENTER.
To adjust the simulated speed, heading, and altitude
from the Panel, Pointer, or Highway pages:
1. Press up on the ROCKER to increase the speed in
10 knot/kph/mph increments. Press down on the ROCKER to
decrease the speed in the same increments.
2. Press left or right on the ROCKER to change heading.
3. Press the IN and OUT Zoom keys to increase or decrease
altitude (Aviation Mode only).
5. Use the ROCKER to move the panning arrow to the location
on the map you want, and press ENTER.
You can also select a New Location by entering an airport identifier
(code). Select Use Identifier from the GPS tab options menu. Enter
the airport code using the ROCKER. Refer to page 14 for complete
instructions about entering airport identifiers and user waypoints.
12
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE
Aviation Mode Page Sequence
The GPSMAP 396 offers three usage modes, Aviation Mode (default), Automotive Mode, and Marine Mode. The main pages are linked
together in a series that you can cycle through by pressing PAGE to move forward and QUIT to reverse. Each page also has an options menu
that allows you to customize each page (in all three modes) to your preferences and/or select features that specifically relate to that page. To
view the options menu for any page, press MENU.
Aviation Mode features five main pages: Map Page, Terrain Page, Panel Page, Active Route Page, Position Data Page, and an optional
XM Audio Page. The XM Audio Page must be turned on using the Main Menu (page 113). An example of each page in Aviation Mode
appears below. Each page has a specific use and is discussed later in this manual. Aviation Mode is the default mode for the GPSMAP 396.
This manual first addresses each page, such as the Map Page, as shown in Aviation Mode. The manual then describes the page as shown in
Automotive and Marine Mode.
Map Page
Terrain Page
Panel Page
Active Route Page
Position Data Page
XM Audio Page
(Optional)
To switch usage modes:
1. Press and hold PAGE/MODE.
2. Use the ROCKER to select either Aviation, Automotive, or Marine, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
13
AVIATION
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > AVIATION MODE PAGE SEQUENCE
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > CREATING A DIRECT TO
Creating a Direct To
AVIATION
In Aviation Mode, press Direct To
to select a destination. When
a Go To or route is currently in use, holding Direct To
down
briefly shows a detailed information page for the current destination.
In Marine or Automotive Mode, pressing Direct To
shows the
Navigate menu, which allows you to start navigation or edit a route.
Also, in Marine Mode, pressing Direct To
twice creates a MOB
waypoint and starts navigating to that point.
Press MENU on any tab of the Go To Page to open an options menu
for that tab. Based on the tab you selected, you can Show Details,
Select Approach, Select Route, Find Land Points, and Remove
Point.
Airport
identifier
Facility name
To go to an airport or navaid:
to show the Go To Page. Use the
1. Press Direct To
ROCKER to show the Aviation tab.
2. Press up or down on the ROCKER to select the identifier,
facility name, or city field, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to enter the word to search for. Press up
and down to change the highlighted character and right to
move to the next character field. As you scroll through the
characters the GPSMAP 396 shows database entries with
the same characters you have entered to that point. If more
than one entry exists in the database for the characters
you have entered, a window appears. Use ENTER and the
ROCKER to select the point.
4. Press ENTER when the point is shown.
5. With the on-screen Go To button highlighted, press ENTER.
The GPSMAP 396 creates a course from your present
location to the selected destination.
City
Go To Page: Aviation Tab
14
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > CREATING A DIRECT TO
to show the Go To Page. Use the
1. Press Direct To
ROCKER to select the Recent or User tab.
Viewing Details for the Destination
The Show Details option shows detailed information for your
destination waypoint or the next waypoint in a route. This feature
is handy for retrieving airport information, such as communication
frequencies and runway information. You can view details by using the
options menu or by selecting the Show Details button on the Go To
Page, and pressing ENTER.
To view the details for the selected destination:
Go To Page: Recent Tab
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the point from the list, and
press ENTER.
From the User tab, you can also select the top waypoint
name line and then spell out the waypoint name using the
ENTER and the ROCKER keys.
3. Highlight the on-screen Go To button, and press ENTER. A
course is plotted from your present location to the selected
destination.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
1. Press MENU to open the options menu. Use the ROCKER to
highlight Show Details, and press ENTER.
OR
Press and hold Direct To
.
OR
Use the ROCKER to highlight Show Details, and press
ENTER. A new screen appears showing sub tabs along the
top of the screen.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the tab to view the information.
15
AVIATION
To go to a recently-used or user-created waypoint:
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > CREATING A DIRECT TO
Viewing Frequency Restrictions
AVIATION
The Comm tab on the Airport Details Page provides a list of
communication frequencies for that airport. Some frequencies are
noted with an asterisk (*), which indicates that the frequency has
usage restrictions. You can show the usage restriction information on
your GPSMAP 396.
Airport Tab of Details Page
3. Highlight Show Map, and press ENTER to view the item on
the map. Press QUIT when done. Highlight OK, and press
ENTER to return to the Go To Page.
When viewing information for the Runway or Approach tabs, use
the ROCKER to highlight the runway designation or approach
name, and press ENTER. Then press up or down on the ROCKER
to scroll through available runways and approaches. Press ENTER
to select the runway or approach for which you would like to view
additional information.
To view usage restrictions for a communication
frequency:
1. With the Comm tab selected, use the ROCKER to highlight
any frequency with usage restrictions (noted with an
asterisk), and press ENTER. A Usage Restrictions Page
appears describing the restrictions for the selected frequency.
Usage Restrictions Page
2. To return to the Comm Information Page, press ENTER.
16
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING A NEARBY POINT
In Aviation Mode, press NRST/FIND to open the Nearest Pages.
These pages provide detailed information on the nearest airports,
airport weather sources, navaids, cities, and user waypoints.
In Marine and Automotive Modes, press NRST/FIND to open the
Find Menu. You can easily search waypoints, cities, exits, and tide
stations using the Find Menu.
Aviation Nearest Categories
In Aviation Mode, the Nearest Pages contain the following
information:
AVIATION
Finding a Nearby Point
Airport—nearest 15; identifier, bearing, distance, length of the
longest runway, and common traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower
frequency.
Wx (Airport Weather Sources)—nearest 15; airport weather
sources including AWOS, ASOS, ATIS, and current METAR data.
VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Radio Beacons)—nearest 15;
identifier, facility type (symbol), bearing, distance, and frequency.
NDB (Non Directional Beacons)—nearest 15; identifier, facility
type (symbol), bearing, distance, and frequency.
INT (Intersection)—nearest 15; identifier, bearing, and distance.
Nearest Page: Airport Tab
While in Aviation Mode
Press MENU when the Nearest Page is open to show the Nearest
Page options menu. You can Show Arrows (or Show Bearing) and
Set Airport Criteria.
User (Waypoints)—nearest 15; name, bearing, and distance.
City—nearest 15; name, bearing, and distance.
ARTCC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)—nearest 5; bearing,
distance, and frequency.
FSS (Flight Service Station)—nearest 5; bearing, distance,
frequency, and VOR (for duplex operations).
Airspace—up to 15 (based on number of alerts provided); name,
time to entry (when applicable), and status.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
17
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING A NEARBY POINT
Selecting a Nearby Point as Your Destination
AVIATION
In an emergency, you can press a few keys to have the GPSMAP 396
guide you to the closest point to land.
To select a nearby point as your destination:
1. Press NRST.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the sub tab along the top of the
page.
3. Highlight the point using the ROCKER.
4. Press Direct To
. The Go To Page opens for the selected
point.
OR
You can press ENTER to show the Information Page (Details
Page).
5. Press ENTER when Go To is highlighted.
To select the nearest airport as your destination:
1. Press NRST twice to show the Airport tab and highlight the
nearest airport.
2. Press ENTER to view airport information.
3. Verify the Go To button is highlighted, and press ENTER.
18
Viewing Details for a Nearby Point
To view details for a nearby point:
1. Press NRST to show the nearest pages. Select the sub tab.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the item on the list and press
ENTER. The corresponding information page appears.
Information Page for a VOR
On airport information pages, use the ROCKER to select the
sub tabs across the top of the information pages and show
the airport data.
3. Press QUIT to return to the Nearest Pages. You can also
highlight any one of the on-screen buttons to perform that
action, such as Show Map or Go To.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Viewing Communication Frequencies
The Nearest Pages list up to five nearest flight service station
(FSS) and air route traffic control center (ARTCC) points of
communication. The closest communication point is shown first,
with additional points available when selected. For duplex operation,
the corresponding VOR is listed (by identifier) and the transmit and
receive frequencies are denoted by a TX and RX respectively.
To view additional communication frequencies:
1. Press NRST to open the Nearest Pages.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the ARTCC or FSS sub tab.
3. Press the ROCKER down to highlight Center or Station
(based which tab you are on), and press ENTER.
4. Select the numbered item that you want from the list, and
press ENTER to show the communication information. The
lowest numbers on the list are the closest communication
points.
Viewing Airspace Alert Information
When an airspace alert appears, press NRST to automatically show
nearby airspace information in the Airspace tab. This information
includes name, time to entry (if applicable), and status. Normally,
only one or two airspace alerts occur at a time, but with sectorized
controlled airspace, such as many Class B areas, there are more.
Status information can appear as follows:
Ahead—your projected course takes you inside an airspace within
the next 10 minutes or less.
Near—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace but not
projected to enter it.
Near & Ahead—you are within two nautical miles of an airspace
and your current course takes you inside the airspace.
Inside Airspace—you are within the boundaries of the airspace.
ARTCC Tab
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
19
AVIATION
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING A NEARBY POINT
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING A NEARBY POINT
AVIATION
Viewing Additional Airspace Information
From the Nearest Pages, you can show additional airspace
information, such as floor and ceiling limits or communication
frequencies.
To view additional airspace information:
1. When an airspace alert appears, press NRST to show the
Nearest Pages and the airspace information. If you are
already viewing the Nearest Pages, use the ROCKER to
select the Airspace tab.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the airspace alert entry on the
page, and press ENTER. An information page opens to show
the controlling agency, status, and floor/ceiling limits.
3. To show a communication frequency for the airspace, select
the Frequencies button, and press ENTER.
To return to the Nearest Pages, select the OK button, and
press ENTER.
NOTE: When an airspace alert appears, press NRST to
automatically show nearest airspace information. Press NRST
a second time to quickly show the nearest airports list. Press
NRST a third time to show the Find Menu.
Nearest Pages: Airspace Tab
20
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING A NEARBY POINT
Setting Airport Criteria
Runway Surface—allows you to set criteria for the type of surface
on the runway:
Any—shows any runway, regardless of surface type, including
water landing facilities.
Hard Only—shows only runways with a concrete, asphalt, or
similar sealed surface.
Hard or Soft—shows all runways except water landing facilities.
Water Only—shows only water landing facilities.
Minimum Runway Length—allows you to enter a specific length
for the shortest runway allowed.
To enter airport criteria:
1. Press NEAREST, and open the Airport tab.
2. Press MENU to show the options menu.
3. Select Set Airport Criteria, and then press ENTER. A
window appears with the current settings for runway surface
and minimum runway length.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION
From the Nearest Airport tab, an options window allows you to filter
out airports that do not meet a defined criteria. This allows you to
only show airports with a surface type and the minimum runway
length you want.
Airport Criteria Page
4. With the runway surface field highlighted, press ENTER.
Select the surface type, and press ENTER.
5. Highlight the minimum runway length field, and press
ENTER.
6. Use the ROCKER to enter the minimum acceptable runway
length. Press ENTER.
NOTE: Use caution when changing the nearest airport criteria.
In an emergency, a short runway is still typically preferable to an
off-field landing. If you set the runway length too low or exclude
many runway surfaces, you may not be alerted to a nearby
airport that otherwise would be listed.
21
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > SELECTING AN APPROACH
Selecting an Approach
AVIATION
CAUTION: The approaches provided in the Jeppesen database
are for monitoring purposes only. The GPSMAP 396 is not an
IFR-approved instrument and should not be used as a primary
source of navigation guidance in instrument conditions.
When you select an approach, it replaces the destination airport with
the sequence of waypoints for the selected approach. Keep in mind
that the airport must have a published approach (GPS, RNAV, VOR,
NDB, localizer, or ILS) and only the final course segment (usually
from final approach fix to missed approach point) of the published
approach is available in the GPSMAP 396.
To select an approach for the destination airport:
to show the Go To Page. Select the
1. Press Direct To
destination you want to travel to.
2. Press MENU to open the options menu. Highlight Select
Approach, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to select the approach from the window,
and press ENTER. A Vectors? window appears. See the
following page for more information on vectors.
NOTE: When using a route, the selected approach for the
destination airport overrides your current route. The original
route is saved in the Route tab.
You can select an approach several ways:
• Press Direct To
and press MENU on the Go To Page, as
described in the steps to the right.
• From the Active Go To (or Active Route) Page, press MENU.
• From the Airport Details Page, select the Approach tab.
22
Selecting an Approach
4. Use the ROCKER to select Yes or No, and press ENTER.
The GPSMAP 396 removes the destination airport from the
Go To and replaces it with the approach waypoints.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Understanding Vectors
The Vectors? option, which appears after you select an approach,
determines how you navigate to the final approach waypoint.
If you select Yes, the GPSMAP 396 creates an extension of the final
course, beyond the final approach waypoint in the database (final
approach fix [FAF]). On the Active Route Page, a Vector to Final
symbol appears beside the first approach waypoint.
If No is selected for the Vectors? option, the GPSMAP 396 creates
a straight-line course directly to the first waypoint in the approach
(from wherever you are when you initiate the approach). This works
much like any other route with course guidance from point to point
and a turn usually required as you cross each waypoint.
CAUTION: Steep Turns are not allowed on an IFR (Instrument
Flight Rules) approach. Follow the approach plate or air traffic
control instructions to complete the approach without a steep turn.
If air traffic control clears your approach to an airport, loading the
approach cancels your Direct To and initiates a route to the FAF.
Load the approach only when cleared by air traffic control.
Active Approach Page
Using vectors in the approach
The GPSMAP 396 provides no guidance to the inbound course.
The course deviation needle on the graphic HSI remains off-center
until you are established on this final approach course. The HSI
automatically slews (rotates to show the direction) to the inbound
course. The Map Page shows an extension of the final approach
course using a bold magenta line.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
You can cancel an approach and/or vectors several ways:
• Press Direct To , and press MENU on the Go To Page.
• From the Active Go To (or Active Route) Page, press MENU.
To cancel the vectors and/or approach:
1. Press Direct To
to show the Go To Page.
OR
Open the Active Route Page. Press MENU to open the
options menu.
2. Highlight Cancel Approach, and press ENTER to cancel
the entire approach. If you enabled Vectors, highlight Cancel
Vectors, and press ENTER to navigate directly to the FAF.
23
AVIATION
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > SELECTING AN APPROACH
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FINDING POINTS ON LAND
Finding Points on Land
AVIATION
To take full advantage of the trip-planning capabilities of the
GPSMAP 396, you can find points on the land and then create a
turn-by-turn route (auto-route) to that point. For example, you can
find a restaurant to eat dinner at when you land.
To Find Land Points:
1. Press Direct To
to show the Go To Page.
2. Press MENU to open the options menu.
Go To Page Options Menu
3. Highlight Find Land Points, and press ENTER. The Find
Menu opens.
24
Find Menu
4. Press MENU to select the search method. For example, if
you want to find a land point near your destination, select
Near Destination, and press ENTER.
5. Highlight the find menu icon for the category, and press
ENTER.
6. Enter the necessary information, such as the restaurant
name and press ENTER. Refer to “Finding an Item” on
page 57 for complete information.
7. Select Save to save the location as a waypoint to use
later when creating a route. Select Show Map to show the
location on the map, or select OK to return to the search
results list.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > MARKING A WAYPOINT
Waypoints are locations or landmarks you record and store in your
GPSMAP 396. Press the ENTER/MARK to capture your present
location to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid 2D or 3D
satellite fix to mark your location. Press MENU twice and open the
GPS tab to view your satellite receiver status.
To mark a selected location as a waypoint:
1. Press PAGE to open the Map Page.
2. Use the ROCKER to move the arrow to the location you want
to save as a waypoint.
3. Quickly press and release ENTER/MARK to open the
Information Page for the map item.
For more information about editing waypoints, see the “Editing and
Managing Waypoints” section beginning on page 77.
To mark your present location:
1. Press and hold ENTER/MARK until the Mark Waypoint Page
appears.
2. To accept the waypoint with the default name (“Waypoint”),
use the ROCKER to highlight OK, and press ENTER.
Saving the Selected Item as a Waypoint
4. To save the waypoint, use the ROCKER to highlight Save,
and press ENTER.
5. To accept the waypoint with the default name, highlight OK,
and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
25
AVIATION
Marking a Waypoint
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > CREATING A FLIGHT PLAN (ROUTE)
Creating a Flight Plan (Route)
AVIATION
You can create a Flight Plan (or route) using the Route Page in the
Main Menu. The Route is then saved for future use. You can also
create a route using the Active Route Page for immediate use. For
more information, refer to “Creating Routes” beginning on page 60
and “Editing and Managing Routes” beginning on page 73.
NOTE: After you perform an update to your Jeppesen Database,
verify that all of your flight plans in your unit are still current.
If there is an obsolete Jeppesen aviation point in a saved route,
the route is locked and unusable. You need to create a new route
with current Jeppesen Database points.
To create a route:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Routes, and press ENTER.
3. Press MENU to show the options menu. Use the ROCKER to
highlight New Route, and press ENTER, or highlight the first
blank line, and press ENTER.
4. Press MENU to show the options menu. Use the ROCKER to
highlight Add Waypoint, and press ENTER.
OR
Highlight the first blank line, and press ENTER.
5. The Aviation Find Page (Go To Page) opens allowing you to
select an aviation point. Enter the ID, Facility name, or city.
26
6. Highlight the point in the list. Highlight OK, and press
ENTER. The selected point is added to the route.
Highlight a
blank line
and press
ENTER to
continue adding
waypoints.
7. Continue steps 4 through 6 until all points are added to the
route. The route is automatically saved to the unit’s memory.
To navigate a saved route:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Routes, and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the route you want to take from the list, and press
MENU.
4. Highlight Activate Route, and press ENTER.
You can also create a flight plan to use at a later time. For more
information, refer to “Creating Routes” beginning on page 60 and
“Editing and Managing Routes” beginning on page 73.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AVIATION MODE > FOLLOWING YOUR FLIGHT PLAN
When you have created and started your flight plan (or route), the
GPSMAP 396 guides you to the destination using a variety of tools.
NOTE: After you perform an update to your Jeppesen Database,
verify that all of your flight plans (routes) in your unit are still
current. If there is an obsolete Jeppesen aviation point in a saved
route, the route is locked and unusable. You need to create a new
route with current Jeppesen Database points.
Track Your Progress on the Map Page
On the Map Page, your current location is shown as an airplane (when
in Aviation Mode). You can see how the airplane moves across the
map; this is a graphic view of your flight. Your route is marked with a
magenta line. The airplane should be on top of the magenta line as you
move. When you are on the magenta line, you are directly on course.
NOTE: In Aviation (and Marine) Mode, the Go To line and
navigation guidance are fixed. The From point is the location
where the Go To was initiated. In Automotive Mode, the Go To
line on the map is constantly updated to your present location.
For complete information about the Map Page and the features of
the Map Page, see “Map Page,” beginning on page 28.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Terrain and Obstacle Changes
Press PAGE to open the Terrain Page, and watch the changes in the
terrain and the obstacles you are flying over with the Terrain Page.
Terrain and obstacles that are less than 100 feet from your aircraft are
shown in red. For complete information, see page 36.
View the HSI on the Panel Page
You can use the Panel Page to view the HSI, your bearing to the course,
and other information such as speed, altitude, and ETA.
Use the compass in the center of the page to determine if you are on the
proper course. Also, you can help keep the aircraft within the VNAV
profile when viewing the VNAV indicator.
For complete information about the Panel Page, see the section
“Panel Page,” beginning on page 39.
Alerts
As you travel, a variety of alerts appear on your current page, such as
Airspace, Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent Rate Alerts. When an Airspace
Alert pops up, press NRST to view the Airspace Information.
When a Terrain or Obstacle alert pops up, press PAGE or NRST
to open the Terrain Page. From here you can view any terrain and
obstacles that might become a problem to you. Possible points-ofimpact are shown as Xs. Adjust your altitude to avoid the obstacles and
terrain.
27
AVIATION
Following your Flight Plan
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
AVIATION
AVIATION MODE PAGES
This section discusses the major pages, such as the Map and Terrain
Pages, as well as some additional aviation features, such as E6B.
Map Page
The GPSMAP 396 features a real-time moving map that can do
much more than just plot your course. The Map Page shows map
information (digital cartography) that includes airspace boundaries,
airports, navaids, lakes, rivers, coastlines, cities, and highways.
Dedicated zoom keys (IN and OUT) are provided for range
adjustments.
Two basic map operating modes, location mode and pan mode,
determine what cartography is shown on the Map Page. Location
mode pans the map to keep your present location in the screen area.
The location marker (icon) that shows your travel on the Map Page
is an aircraft symbol
in Aviation Mode and a triangle symbol
in Marine and Automotive modes. The GPSMAP 396 always
turns on in location mode, with the last known location centered on
the map. When you press the ROCKER, the GPSMAP 396 enters
pan mode, which moves the map to keep the white arrow (map
pointer) within the screen area.
28
In Aviation Mode, by default, four user-selectable data fields appear
in the corners of the screen that can be configured to show any one
of the several data options. You can also change the layout of the
map and data fields. See page 33 for information.
Compass Arc
Data field
Airports
Map zoom
range
Current
location
Map Page (Aviation Mode)
A navigation arc (Horizontal Situation Indicator, or HSI) appears
by default on the Map Page. The arc works like the compass on the
Panel Page, indicating the course and your deviation left or right of
this course. If the route line and magenta arrow are heading straight
up, you are heading directly to your destination.
NOTE: The navigation arc only shows up in Aviation Mode
when the Map Page is set to Track Up. See page 33.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
There are three map orientation options: North Up orients the map
like a paper map, Track Up orients the map in the direction of travel,
and Course Up orients the map in the direction of the destination.
When using Track Up or Course Up, the North arrow indicates the
orientation. To change the map orientation, press PAGE to open the
Map Page. Press MENU. Select Set up Map, and press ENTER.
Refer to page 33 for information.
Selecting Map Ranges
The Map Page has 28 available range scales from 20 ft to 800 nm
(20 ft to 800 mi or 5 m to 1200 km). The map range is controlled by
the IN and OUT keys, with the current range shown at the bottom
right of the data window.
NOTE: The range value represents the distance between the
ends of the range bar (
).
To select a map zoom range (zoom in and out):
•
•
Map coverage conforms to the following conditions:
• Cartography is shown when the selected zoom range is
covered by the MapSource data loaded onto a data card.
• When the selected zoom range is covered by both the internal
basemap and data card map information, the cartography with
the best resolution is shown.
• When the selected zoom range exceeds the resolution of the
data in use, “overzoom” appears below the map range.
No additional data available
• When optional City Select map data is used, “detail map”
appears below the map range.
Using the optional City Navigator maps.
Press the OUT key to zoom out.
Press the IN key to zoom in.
The system uses optional MapSource City Navigator for street level
mapping data. Detailed marine chart coverage is available through
the use of the BlueChart, or MapSource software.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
29
AVIATION
Map Orientation
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
Panning the Map
AVIATION
The panning arrow allows you to pan the map to show other map
areas. As you pan past the edge of the current map, the screen moves
to provide continuous map coverage.
To pan the map:
Press up, down, right, or left on the ROCKER. The panning
arrow moves the map so you can view different parts of the
map.
Map feature
highlighted
Panning the Map
30
Panning Arrow
data window:
Shows the distance
and bearing from
your present
location, feature’s
elevation, time to
the feature, and
arrow’s location
coordinates.
As you move the arrow, the distance and bearing from your present
location to the arrow is shown in the data window, along with the
arrow’s location coordinates. When you zoom in pan mode, the
arrow stays centered on the screen. When the arrow is stationary,
fixed coordinates appear in the location field, and the distance and
bearing from your present location update as you move.
To re-center your location on-screen:
1. When you are finished panning the Map, press QUIT.
2. The map automatically moves to show your present location,
and the unit returns to location mode.
The arrow can also be used to select on-screen map items, allowing
you to review a selected item directly from the map screen.
To view details about an on-screen point:
1. Use the ROCKER to move the arrow to the waypoint or map
item you want. If there are several items grouped closely
together, zoom in closer for a better view.
When a waypoint or map item is selected, it is highlighted on
screen with the name and location shown at the top of the
screen, along with the distance and bearing from your current
location, as shown in the image to the left.
2. Press ENTER to view more information about the point. The
information and on-screen buttons shown vary based on the
type of item selected. In some cases, additional information
tabs appear at the top of the Information Page or Waypoint
Page.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
Airport Information Page
Airspace Information
Pan mode can also be used to retrieve information on airspaces
depicted on the map.
Highlighted
airspace area
AVIATION
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight the extra tabs and view the
information.
4. Select an on-screen button, and press ENTER.
5. Press QUIT to exit the Information Page.
Information box
with airspace
name, type,
and floor/ceiling
limits
Airspace Information
To retrieve airspace information from the Map Page:
1. Use the ROCKER to select an area within the airspace
boundary. The boundary line is highlighted and the airspace
type and floor/ceiling limits are shown.
2. To show additional information, press ENTER.
View communication frequencies by highlighting the
on-screen Frequencies button, and pressing ENTER.
3. To return to the Map Page, highlight OK, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
31
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
Clearing Unwanted Details from the Map
AVIATION
You can remove items from the map (declutter the screen) to remove
unwanted items, such as highways. Aviation Mode has various
levels of declutter.
To quickly declutter the map, press ENTER. You can also declutter
the map on the Terrain Page.
To declutter the Map Page (Aviation Mode Only):
1. From the Map Page, press ENTER. Clear-1 appears under
the map range. The background map detail—including
highways, cities, rivers & smaller lakes—is removed from the
map.
2. Press ENTER again. Airspace boundary detail is removed
from the map. Clear-2 appears below the map range.
3. Press ENTER again. Only the waypoints and navaids that
are part of the current Go To or route appear on the map.
Clear-3 appears below the map range.
4. Press ENTER again to return ALL detail to the map.
In Marine and Automotive Modes, press MENU, highlight
Declutter On or Declutter Off, and press ENTER.
Measuring Distance
You can measure the distance and bearing between two map items.
To measure the bearing/distance between two points:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU to open the options menu.
2. Highlight the Measure Distance option, and press ENTER.
An on-screen arrow appears on the map at your present
location with ENT REF below it.
3. Move the arrow to the reference point (the starting point that
you want to measure from), and press ENTER. A push-pin
icon marks the starting point on the map.
End point of
measurement,
labeled “ENT
REF”
Push pin
indicating the
beginning
point of the
measurement
Measure Distance
4. Move the arrow to the point want to measure to. The bearing
and distance from the reference point and arrow coordinates
appear in the data window at the top of the screen.
5. Press QUIT to finish.
32
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
You can set a bug indicator to show bearing or course to steer. You
can also enter a specific heading reference for the indicator.
To set the Bug Indicator:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU to open the options menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Set Bug Indicator and press
ENTER.
3. A list of Bug Indicator options appears. By default, the bug
indicator shows Bearing (BRG) to waypoint, but can also
show the Course to Steer (CTS) or can be User Selected.
The User Selected option allows you to mark a heading
reference on the graphic HSI. This provides a visual cue of
an important heading for current or future use. You can also
turn the Bug Indicator off here.
4. Highlight the option from the list, and press ENTER.
You can also set the Bug Indicator on the HSI shown on the Panel
Page. Open the Panel Page and press MENU. Follow steps 2
through 4 above.
Setting Up the Map Page
The Map Page Setup allows you to adjust the way items appear on
the Map Page.
To change a map setup option:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU to open the options menu.
2. Highlight Set up Map, and press ENTER.
3. Press left or right on the ROCKER to highlight the tab, then
up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the field you want to
change, and press ENTER.
General Tab of the Map Page Setup
4. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the setting,
and press ENTER to select the new setting.
5. Press PAGE or QUIT to exit.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
33
AVIATION
Setting the Bug Indicator
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
Changing the Page Layout and Data Fields
AVIATION
To customize the pages to show what you want, adjust the page
layout and data fields.
You can adjust how the following pages look on the screen: Map,
Terrain, Panel, Compass, Highway, Location Data, Trip Computer,
and optional Sonar Page. You can adjust the data fields on many of
these pages as well.
To set up the page layout:
1. Press PAGE to show the page you want to change.
2. Press MENU to open the options menu.
3. Highlight Set up Page Layout, and press ENTER.
To change a data field:
1. Press PAGE to show the page you want to change.
2. Press MENU to open the options menu.
3. Highlight Change Data Fields, and press ENTER
4. Move the field highlight to the data field you want to change,
and press ENTER.
5. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the data you
want to show, and press ENTER.
6. To return the field to the default setting, press MENU and
then ENTER.
7. Press QUIT to exit.
Changing a Data Field
Changing the layout of the Map Page
4. Select the option you want, and press ENTER. The options
vary between the three usage modes and the page you are
setting up.
34
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Additional Map Data
You can view the data that is currently loaded on your GPSMAP 396
unit and data card.
To review or change data card information:
1. Access the Map Page, and press MENU.
2. From the options menu, highlight Map Information, and
press ENTER.
Map Family
highlighted.
Press ENTER
to view the
individual maps
in the family.
Map Card Information Page
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
3. The first page shows the Map Families that are stored on the
data card and whether they are shown on the Map Page.
To change the setting for a Map Family, highlight the box next
to the Map Family name, and press ENTER to select (check
mark) or deselect (no check mark) the Show setting.
4. To view the list of maps within a Map Family, highlight the
name of the Map Family, and press ENTER.
5. To view detailed information about an individual map,
highlight the Map Name, and press ENTER. Highlight OK,
and press ENTER to exit the map information page.
6. To select or deselect individual maps, highlight the box next
to a map, and press ENTER to check or uncheck the Show
box.
OR
Press MENU, and select one of the options (Show All, Hide
All, or Show Defaults), and press ENTER.
7. Press QUIT to exit the Map Information Page.
35
AVIATION
AVIATION MODE PAGES > MAP PAGE
AVIATION MODE PAGES > TERRAIN PAGE
Terrain Page
AVIATION
The Terrain Page, available only in Aviation Mode, provides an
overhead view of the terrain and obstacles beneath you. Alert
windows appear on all pages to inform you of your proximity to the
terrain and obstacles, as well as an unsafe descent rate. These alerts
depend on user-defined parameters in the Terrain setup.
Red Terrain
area: terrain
within 100 feet
of aircraft
Elevation
Scale
Lighted
obstacle
Terrain Information
Yellow Terrain
area: terrain
between 100
and 1000 feet of
the aircraft
Terrain Page
Unlighted
obstacle
The areas of the terrain shaded red are predicted to be within
100 feet below or above the aircraft. The yellow terrain areas are
between the user-defined Caution Elevation and 100 feet below the
aircraft. By default, the Caution Elevation is 1,000 feet; therefore,
the areas in yellow are between 1,000 feet and 100 feet below the
aircraft. The black areas are further than the Caution Elevation. A
projected point of impact is marked with an “X” symbol.
36
Obstacle Information
Obstacles are shown on the Terrain Page at or below the map range
of 12 nm. Obstacles are also shown on the Map Page when the map
range is set to 3 nm or below.
Standard aeronautical chart symbols are used for lighted or unlighted
obstacles taller than 200 feet Above Ground Level (AGL). Refer to
the Obstacle Icons legend below.
Lighted Obstacle 1000 ft AGL and higher.
Unlighted Obstacle 1000 ft AGL and higher.
Lighted Obstacle below 1000 ft AGL.
Unlighted Obstacle below 1000 ft AGL.
Obstacle Icons
Each obstacle is labeled with the altitude of the top of the obstacle,
or Mean Sea Level (MSL). Each obstacle also lists, in parentheses,
the actual height of the obstacle, or Above Ground Level (AGL).
Terrain and Obstacle Color Code
Red—terrain or obstacle is within 100 feet of the aircraft.
Yellow—terrain or obstacle is between the user-defined Caution
Elevation and 100 feet below the aircraft.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > TERRAIN PAGE
If you are on another page of the GPSMAP 396 unit, Terrain,
Obstacle, and Descent Rate Alerts show in the lower-left corner to
inform you of the situation. The alert remains on the screen until
the flight path has cleared the obstacle or terrain, or until you press
QUIT.
Additional Terrain Page Options
Access the Terrain Page options menu by pressing MENU while
you are on the Terrain Page.
AVIATION
Alerts
Terrain Page Options Menu
Obstacle Warning
Shown on the Panel Page
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
• Press ENTER to quickly declutter the map, just as you would
on the Map Page. See page 32.
• To quickly disable alerts, highlight Disable Alerts and press
ENTER. Repeat to enable alerts again.
• You can pan the map and zoom in and out using the same
techniques you use on the Map Page. See page 29.
• You can change the layout of the Terrain Page. Refer to
page 36. Also, refer to the “Appendix,” page 173, for
information about the data fields.
37
AVIATION MODE PAGES > TERRAIN PAGE
Setting Up the Terrain Page and Alerts
AVIATION
Use the Terrain Setup Page to set levels for terrain alerts as well as
obstacles in or near your flight path.
Caution Elevation
Select the Caution Elevation. If the terrain or an obstacle is within
the Caution Elevation you entered, the GPSMAP 396 provides an
alert.
Look Ahead Time
The Look Ahead Time for Terrain and Obstacle Alerts determines
the time when an alert annunciation occurs. For example, if
120 seconds is selected, the GPSMAP 396 provides an alert up to
120 seconds before you reach the terrain or obstacle.
Alert Sensitivity
The three Alert Sensitivity settings (Terrain, Obstacle, and
Descent Rate) determines what level of alerts are annunciated. The
GPSMAP 396 defaults to High sensitivity, which annunciates all
red and yellow alerts at the time set in Look Ahead Time. Medium
sensitivity annunciates all of the red and the highest priority of
yellow alerts, and Low only annunciates red alerts.
38
To set up the Terrain Page:
1. On the Terrain Page, press MENU to access the Terrain
Page options menu.
2. Select Set up Terrain, and press ENTER.
Terrain Setup Page
3. To make the adjustments to the Terrain Setup, use the
ROCKER to select options, and press ENTER. Select an
option, and press ENTER.
4. Press PAGE or QUIT to accept the changes and exit the Set
up Terrain Page.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Panel Page
The Panel Page shows GPS-derived data in a graphical format,
similar to an instrument panel. Keep in mind the differences between
this page and your mechanical instruments, as your mechanical
panel instruments use sensors that provide information different
from that derived using GPS. The Panel Page appears only when the
GPSMAP 396 is in Aviation Mode.
The Panel Page shows a graphic Horizontal Situation Indicator
(HSI) surrounded by additional indicators.
HSI showing Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
Ground speed
Next waypoint
and distance
to it
Turn rate
indicator
Altitude
Estimated
time enroute
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Vertical speed
Panel Page
CDI scale
The graphic HSI depicts the course to the destination or the next
waypoint in a route, current ground track, off course error, and a
To/From indication. The rotating compass indicates your current
ground track at the top of the page.
The course pointer and course deviation needle indicate the course
and whether you are on the course. A bug indicator provides
information to guide you back to the course if you stray off course.
If you move off course, the Course Deviation Indicator, or needle,
indicates how far off course you are, left or right, based on its
placement along the course deviation scale. To get back on course
and center the needle, steer toward the needle.
The course deviation scale setting is adjustable for Auto, ±0.25, 1.25
or 5.0 (nautical mile, statute mile, or kilometer) full-scale deflection.
The course deviation scale appears on the lower right corner of
the HSI. The default setting is Auto, which uses three factors to
determine the distance from the center of the CDI to full left or right
limits:
• When you are within 30 nm of any airport in the active route,
Auto sets the CDI scale at 1.25.
• When you are on an approach leg or within 2 nm of the FAF
or MAP waypoints, Auto sets the scale at 0.25.
• If the previous two conditions do not exist, Auto sets to 5.0.
39
AVIATION
AVIATION MODE PAGES > PANEL PAGE
AVIATION MODE PAGES > PANEL PAGE
Setting Up the Panel Page
AVIATION
You can set the bug indicator and change the CDI scale to suit your
needs.
To set a user-defined bug heading reference:
1. With the Panel Page appears, press MENU to show the
Panel Page options menu.
2. Highlight Set Bug Indicator, and press ENTER.
3. Highlight User Selected, and press ENTER. A window
appears at the center of the HSI, showing the current bug
indicator setting.
4. Select the heading reference by pressing left or right on the
ROCKER. Press ENTER. The bug indicator remains fixed on
the selected heading until a new bug heading is chosen.
To change the CDI scale:
1. With the Panel Page shown, press MENU to show the Panel
Page options menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Set CDI Scale, and press
ENTER. A window appears at the center of the HSI, showing
the scale settings. The current setting is highlighted.
3. Use the ROCKER to select the scale, and press ENTER.
40
Manually Setting a Course
Use the Set OBS and Hold option to manually set your course to
the destination.
To manually set a course to the destination waypoint:
1. With the Panel Page shown, press MENU to show the Panel
Page options menu.
2. Highlight Set OBS and Hold, and press ENTER. An OBS
data field appears on the screen. Keep in mind that you must
have a destination waypoint selected.
3. Select the OBS course by pressing the ROCKER left and
right. Press ENTER. The course deviation needle and
course pointer now provide steering guidance to the selected
course.
To release the waypoint hold and return to automatic
sequencing of route waypoints, press MENU. Highlight
Release Hold, and press ENTER.
To cancel the OBS course and reset a direct course to the
waypoint, press Direct To
, highlight Resume Route, and
press ENTER to re-start the route.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > PANEL PAGE
The “Approaching VNAV Profile” message appears one minute
prior to the initial descent point. The descent angle locks to prevent
changes in speed from altering the profile. The VNAV feature does
not take into account any changes in groundspeed that occur during
the transition from level flight to descent or climb.
At 500 ft above the target altitude, the “Approaching Target
Altitude” message appears, the time to vertical navigation goes
blank, and the VNAV indicator disappears from the Panel Page.
CAUTION: The GPSMAP 396 is a VFR navigation tool and
should not be used to perform instrument approaches. VNAV
is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended for instrument
approaches.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
ile
of
Pr
To use the vertical navigation feature, your ground speed must be
greater than 35 knots and you must be navigating a Go To or a route.
AV
When the VNAV profile is defined, message alerts help keep you
informed of your progress. The teal bar on the HSI on the Panel
Page shows your VNAV profile.
VN
The VNAV sub tab in the Main Menu provides settings for the
vertical navigation feature. These settings create a three-dimensional
profile that guides you from your present location and altitude to a
final (target) altitude at a specified location.
AVIATION
VNAV (Vertical Navigation)
Distance to Profile
Glid
eR
atio
to
Tar
get
Target Altitude
Distance to Target
Airport
Visual representation of VNAV
Using the VNAV Feature
Use the VNAV (Vertical Navigation) feature to ensure that you are
flying at the proper altitude. The VNAV Indicator appears on the
HSI (Panel Page) as a horizontal teal bar, as shown in the image on
the next page. A message appears when you are approaching the
VNAV Profile. When the bar is in the vertical center of the HSI, you
are at the proper altitude for the VNAV Profile. Make sure VNAV
Indicator is On in the options menu. From the Panel Page, press
MENU to open the options menu. Select Capture VNAV Profile,
and press ENTER to center or re-center the VNAV indicator on
the graphic HSI. You must have entered a valid vertical navigation
profile and be navigating.
41
AVIATION MODE PAGES > PANEL PAGE
AVIATION
VNAV
Indicator
Panel Page Showing the VNAV Indicator
VNAV indicators also appear on the Map Page when the page layout
is set to Map With Overlay. You are at the proper altitude for the
VNAV profile when the blue bars are centered within the VNAV
indicators.
The VNAV
Waypoint
automatically
changes to
your destination
after you begin
navigating to a
destination.
VNAV Setup Tab
Target Altitude—enter the altitude you want to be at when you
reach your target location. Select Above Waypoint to use field
elevation for airports in the Jeppesen database or Above MSL to
specify an exact MSL altitude target.
By—defines the target location with settings of distance Before or
After a reference waypoint (the final destination airport). To set a
target location at a reference waypoint, enter a distance of zero.
VNAV
Indicator
Map Page Showing the VNAV Indicator
Setting up VNAV
To open the VNAV tab, press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select VNAV from the
row of tabs along the top of the page.
42
VNAV Waypoint—allows you to select any waypoint along the
currently active route (or Go To) as your reference waypoint. The
reference waypoint defines the target location.
VNAV Profile—allows you to select the descent rate.
VNAV Messages—enables and disables VNAV alert messages.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > ACTIVE ROUTE PAGE
Whenever you start a route (flight plan) or initiate a Go To while
in Aviation or Marine Mode, the Active Route Page shows each
point (waypoint or map item) of the active route, with the point
name, Course, Distance, and several other fields of information. The
current destination point, the active point, is marked with an arrow.
As you navigate a route, the list automatically updates to indicate the
active point first. The Active Route and Route Review Pages share
many of the same features and options.
Press PAGE repeatedly to open the Active Route Page.
Active Route Page
NOTE: If you have created a route (Flight Plan) with a Jeppesen
point that is no longer current after you perform an update to
your Jeppesen Database, the route is locked. You need to create a
new route with current Jeppesen Database points.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Active Route Page Options
Press MENU while on the Active Route Page to open the options
menu. You can edit the route using many of the options in the menu
such as Edit on Map (see page 76 for information), Add Waypoint,
and Invert. You can also change the data fields to suit your needs.
You can also select an approach for your landing and set your fuel
flow (or plan your route, based on your current Usage Mode):
Select Approach—(Aviation Only) allows you to select the
final course segment of a published approach, replacing the
final destination airport in a Go To or route with the sequence of
waypoints for the selected approach. The approaches provide only
the final course segment, usually from final approach fix (FAF)
to missed approach point (MAP), and are based on existing GPS,
RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer, or ILS approach procedures. All
approach procedures are flown as a sequence of waypoints in the
route. To select an approach and add the waypoints to the route,
the final destination in the Go To or route must be an airport with a
published approach.
Set Fuel Flow (Plan Route)—allows you to enter information about
your aircraft and route.
43
AVIATION
Active Route Page
AVIATION MODE PAGES > POSITION DATA PAGE
Position Data Page
Position Data Page Options
AVIATION
The Position Data Page provides a quick reference for the important
data you want to show while navigating a route in Aviation and
Marine Modes. The default page shows a compass ribbon, your
current latitude and longitude, the current date and time, the distance
and direction from the nearest landmark, and eight user-selectable
data fields. The compass ribbon is shown at the top of the page
to show your current heading with a red, vertical bar. To stay on
course, steer toward the violet bar (or arrows) until it is aligned with
the red bar.
With the Position Data Page open, press MENU to open the options
menu. You can set up the layout of the page and change the data
fields. For an explanation of the data fields, refer to page 173 in the
“Appendix.” You can also select one of the following options:
Press PAGE repeatedly to open the Position Data Page.
Reset Trip—clears trip information, except the maximum speed and
the odometer.
Change Nearest Type—allows you to specify the type of item to
be used as the nearest item (shown in the lower-left data field). The
choices differ based on the Usage Mode you are currently using.
Choose Automatic to allow the unit to pick the appropriate type of
landmark for your present location.
Reset Max Speed—clears the maximum speed.
Reset Odometer—clears the running total of the distance traveled
since the odometer was last reset.
Reset All—clears all trip information including the maximum speed
and odometer.
Position Data Page
Airport is selected as the Nearest Type. The Wheeler Downtown (KMKC)
airport is the nearest airport, and you are 6.3 nm S of KMKC.
44
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > FLIGHT LOG
The Flights tab shows a list of any recorded flights, including date,
route of flight, and flight time. The GPSMAP 396 saves up to 50
recorded flights while in Aviation Mode. Entries on this list are
automatically created for each flight.
The bottom of the Flights tab shows the time of your last flight. This
resets if you select All Unit Defaults from the System tab options
menu.
To view details for a flight:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Flights from the vertical menu of tabs.
3. Press MENU and select Show Hours and Minutes to view
the flights in minutes and hours, if you prefer.
4. Highlight the flight, and press ENTER. The flight details
window opens, shown below.
5. With OK highlighted, press ENTER to return to the Flights tab.
An optional FlightBook software package is available to further
simplify your flight record keeping. For details about FlightBook,
visit the Garmin Web site at //www.garmin.com/aviation.
Viewing the Flight Log
Recording begins when your speed exceeds 30 knots and you
gain 250 feet of altitude. The Route of Flight field uses the
nearest airport as the departure airport. The destination airport is
continuously updated as your flight progresses.
If you land and groundspeed drops below 30 knots, the flight entry
is saved and a new entry is recorded when you depart the airport.
A touch-and-go or brief stop of less than 10 minutes appends to the
current flight record, rather than starting a new entry.
Select any listed entry in the log to view additional information.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Flight Tab
Showing the flight details page
Deleting Flight Records
You can delete the highlighted flight record (Delete Flight) or delete
all flight records from the Flight Log (Delete All). To delete flights,
press MENU (with the Flights tab information shown). Use the
ROCKER to highlight a menu option, and press ENTER.
45
AVIATION
Flight Log
AVIATION MODE PAGES > AIRCRAFT INFORMATION
Aircraft Information
AVIATION
The Aircraft tab is divided into two sub tabs: Aircraft Profile and
Weight & Balance.
To open the Aircraft tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Aircraft from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Press the ROCKER right or left to highlight either the
Aircraft Profile tab or the Weight & Balance tab from the
top of the screen.
Aircraft Profile Tab
Entering Your Aircraft Profile
The Aircraft Profile tab allows you to profile cruising speed,
maximum speed, fuel flow, and map symbol. The unit can save up to
10 aircraft profiles.
46
Cruising speed and fuel flow are used as default settings when
viewing trip planning information on the Route Review Page. The
maximum speed is used to define the range for airspeed on the Panel
Page and is automatically updated if you exceed this figure.
To enter an aircraft profile:
1. From the Aircraft Profile tab, use the ROCKER to highlight
New, and press ENTER.
2. Highlight the Current Aircraft field, and press ENTER.
OR
Highlight the Rename button, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to enter the aircraft tail number (or other
identifying information) in the Current Aircraft field. Press
ENTER when finished.
4. Use the ROCKER to enter information for the cruising and
maximum speeds for your aircraft, your aircraft’s fuel flow,
and the symbol for your aircraft.
Select a symbol for your aircraft to change the data fields on
the Panel Page and the map symbol.
To select a saved aircraft profile:
1. From the Aircraft Profile tab, use the ROCKER to highlight
the Current Aircraft field, and press ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the aircraft profile, and press
ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > AIRCRAFT INFORMATION
To rename or delete a saved aircraft profile:
Calculating the Weight & Balance
Weight & Balance may be used during your pre-flight preparations
to verify the weight and balance conditions for your aircraft. By
entering the weight and arm values on this page, the GPSMAP 396
can calculate the total weight, moment, and center of gravity (CG) to
ensure a safe flight.
Before entering the various figures, you need to determine the
empty weight of the airplane and the arm (or “station”) for each
weight entered. These figures should be determined using the pilot’s
operating handbook for your airplane, which also notes the weight
limitations and fore/aft CG limits. Compare those figures to the
values calculated by the GPSMAP 396.
To perform weight and balance calculations:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Aircraft from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Press the ROCKER right to highlight Weight & Balance.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION
1. From the Aircraft Profile tab, use the ROCKER to highlight
Current Aircraft and select the profile you want to rename.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the on-screen Rename or Delete
button, and press ENTER. If Rename is selected, use the
ROCKER and ENTER keys to enter a new tail number.
Weight & Balance Tab
4. Highlight the weight field, and press ENTER.
5. Use the ROCKER to enter the weight figure. Press ENTER.
6. Change the weight units. Highlight lbs, and press ENTER.
Select Kgs, and press ENTER.
7. Highlight the corresponding ARM field, and press ENTER.
8. Use the ROCKER to enter the arm figure. Press ENTER.
9. Repeat steps 4 through 8 until all figures are entered. The
calculated moment, weight, and CG figures appear at the
bottom of the page. Keep in mind that the “Aircraft” (empty
weight/arm) figures must be entered as a reference to
calculate a valid moment, weight, and CG.
10. To empty the aircraft, press MENU, select Empty Aircraft,
and press ENTER.
NOTE: This information is only for flight planning purposes.
Consult your aircraft’s pilot handbook for the official weight and
balance data.
47
AVIATION MODE PAGES > E6B TAB
E6B Tab
AVIATION
The E6B tab in the Main Menu calculates Density Altitude, True
Airspeed, and Winds Aloft (Head Wind, Tail Wind, Wind From, and
Wind Speed), based on information you enter.
To open the E6B tab of the Main Menu:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight E6B from the vertical list of tabs.
Barometric
pressure
from the
nearest
METAR
Calculated
figure
Calculated
figures
Calculated or
user-entered
figure
E6B Tab
Indicated Altitude—required entry for density altitude/true airspeed
calculation. Enter the aircraft’s altimeter reading.
Calibrated Airspeed—required entry for density altitude/true
airspeed calculation. Enter the aircraft’s airspeed indicator.
Heading—required entry for winds aloft calculation. Use heading
from the aircraft’s heading indicator or directional gyro.
48
Baro Pressure—when the unit is receiving XM weather
information, the field automatically updates to the barometric
pressure of the nearest METAR. If XM weather information is not
available you need to enter the current barometric pressure.
Total Air Temperature—required entry for density altitude/true
airspeed calculation. Total Air Temperature (TAT) is the temperature
of the air including the heating effect caused by speed. The
temperature reading on a standard outside air temperature gauge
found on most piston aircraft is TAT.
Head Wind—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading
and true airspeed.
Wind From—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading
and true airspeed.
Wind Speed—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading
and true airspeed.
True Airspeed—(calculated or user-entered figure) determined
from entry of calibrated airspeed, barometric pressure, and total
air temperature. Also can be entered directly for winds aloft
calculations.
Density Altitude—(calculated figure) determined from entry of
indicated altitude, barometric pressure and total air temperature.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > E6B TAB
1. From the E6B tab, highlight the Indicated Altitude field (at
the top of the page), and press ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to enter the altitude shown on your
altimeter. Press ENTER when finished.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 to enter the Calibrated Airspeed,
Baro Pressure, and Total Air Temperature. (For Calibrated
Airspeed, use the speed shown on your airspeed indicator.
Use the current altimeter setting for Baro Pressure. Total
Air Temperature is the temperature of the outside air
including the heating effect caused by speed. For most
aircraft, this is the temperature reading on a standard outside
air temperature gauge.) The calculated figures for True
Airspeed and Density Altitude are shown in the designated
fields.
Barometric
pressure
from the
nearest
METAR
Calculated
figure
Calculated
figures
Calculated or
user-entered
figure
To calculate winds aloft:
1. Follow the steps in the previous procedure to determine true
airspeed.
OR
Use the ROCKER and ENTER keys to manually enter a true
airspeed figure in the True Airspeed field.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Heading field, and press
ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to enter the aircraft heading shown on
your directional gyro or compass. Press ENTER when
finished.
The calculated figures for Head Wind, Wind From, and Wind
Speed appears.
NOTE: If a True North reference is currently selected as the
heading reference on your GPSMAP 396, you must enter
Heading using a True North reference to determine winds
accurately.
To restore defaults on the E6B tab:
1. Open the E6B tab on the Main Menu.
2. Press MENU to open the options menu.
3. Highlight Restore Default, and press ENTER.
E6B Tab
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
49
AVIATION
To calculate true airspeed and density altitude:
AVIATION MODE PAGES > XM AUDIO PAGE
XM Audio Page
AVIATION
Use the XM Audio Page to view and select XM Radio channels, add
channels to or remove channels from the Favorites category, and
turn XM audio output on or off.
NOTE: You MUST have a GXM 30/30A or GXM 30 smart
antenna connected to your GPSMAP 396 and a subscription to
XM Radio to use XM Radio features. Additionally, you must
use an optional External Speaker with 12/24-Volt Adapter,
third-party FM modulator, headphones, or another audio device
plugged in to hear the audio.
Category name
Channels
The XM Audio Page is divided into three panes. The first pane
contains a list of XM Radio categories into which XM Radio
channels are grouped (Classical, Decades, Traffic, and so on). For
a complete list of available categories and channels, visit the XM
Radio Web site at www.xmradio.com. Select All Channels to view
a list of all channels in numerical order. You can also view a list of
your favorite channels.
The middle pane shows a list of channels in the selected category.
Each channel has a description and the artist currently playing. You
can adjust this setting to show the song title instead of the artist. The
bottom pane shows the song and artist or program name, the channel
number and name, and the strength of the XM Radio signal.
Turning on the XM Audio Page
The XM Audio Page is off by default.
Artist name
Song title
Channel
number
XM Audio Page
Channel
name
Signal
strength
indicator
The XM Audio page is available in Aviation, Marine, and
Automotive Modes, but it is not shown by default in any mode.
However, the XM tab always appears on the Main Menu, even if the
XM Audio Page is turned off.
50
To show the XM Audio Page:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Display tab.
3. Highlight the XM Audio Page field, and press ENTER.
4. Select On, and press ENTER.
NOTE: Audio interference can occur while using some aviation
audio panels and FM Modulators. Use of a Ground Loop Isolator
can eliminate this interference.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > XM AUDIO PAGE
Use the options menu to customize the XM Audio Page. When the
XM Audio Page is open, press MENU to open the options menu.
XM Audio Page Field on the Display Tab
To select an XM Radio channel:
Press up or down on the ROCKER to scroll through the list
of channels, highlight the channel you want, and then press
ENTER. A triangle ( ) appears to the left of the channel
currently playing.
To select an XM Radio category:
Press the IN or OUT keys to change the category.
OR
Highlight the category field, and press ENTER. Use the
ROCKER to change the category.
XM Audio Page Options Menu
The following options are available on the XM Audio Page options
menu:
Add to Favorites—enables you to add channels to the Favorites
category. See page 52 for more information.
Scan—enables you to scan all channels, scan by category, or scan
favorites. Each channel is played for five seconds before advancing
to the next channel in the list. For more information see page 53.
Display Artist (Display Song) In List—enables you to select
whether to display the artist or song title in the channel list.
Mute/Enable Audio Output—enables you to toggle XM audio
output on or off.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
51
AVIATION
XM Audio Page Options
AVIATION MODE PAGES > XM AUDIO PAGE
Using Favorites
AVIATION
You can create a customized list of up to 30 of your XM Radio
favorites.
To add a channel to Favorites:
1. Use the ROCKER to select a channel, or use the IN and
OUT keys to select a category, and then highlight a channel.
2. Press MENU once.
3. Highlight Add To Favorites, and press ENTER. Repeat to
add additional channels.
To view and select Favorites with the ROCKER:
1. Highlight the category field, and press ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Favorites.
3. Press ENTER.
Selected
channel
Favorites List
You can delete a channel from the Favorites list or delete all
channels.
Adding a channel to Favorites
To view and select Favorites with the IN and Out keys:
1. Press the IN and OUT keys to change the category to
Favorites.
2. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the channel
you want to select from your list of favorites, and press
ENTER. A triangle appears to the left of the newly selected
channel.
52
To delete a channel from Favorites:
1. In the Favorites category, highlight the channel you want to
delete, and press MENU.
2. Highlight Delete Favorite to delete the selected channel from
your favorites list.
OR
Highlight Delete All Favorites to delete all channels from
your Favorites list.
3. Press ENTER.
4. Highlight OK, and press ENTER again to confirm.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AVIATION MODE PAGES > XM AUDIO PAGE
From the XM Audio Page, you can scan all channels, scan channels
in a specific category, or scan channels in your Favorites.
To scan XM Radio channels:
1. On the XM Audio Page, press MENU.
2. Select Scan on the options menu, and press ENTER.
3. Select All Channels to scan all channels.
OR
Select Category to scan only channels in the selected
category.
OR
Select Favorites to scan only channels in your Favorites list.
4. Press ENTER. Each channel plays for five seconds, and then
advances to the next channel.
5. Press any key to stop scanning and select the current
channel.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Turning Audio On or Off
To turn audio on or off:
1. On the XM Audio Page, press MENU.
2. Highlight Mute Audio Output on the options menu to turn
off the audio. A music note with a red slash appears in the
Song pane. Highlight Enable Audio Output to resume audio
output.
Audio output is off
53
AVIATION
Scanning XM Radio Channels
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGE SEQUENCE
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE
To switch usage modes:
1. Press and hold PAGE/MODE.
2. Use the ROCKER to select either Aviation, Automotive, or Marine, and press ENTER.
AUTOMOTIVE
Automotive Mode Page Sequence
Automotive Mode features two main pages: the Map and Trip Computer Pages. Optional Highway, Compass, and XM Audio Pages can
be enabled in Automotive Mode. Two additional pages appear during active navigation while in Automotive Mode—a Current Route Page
appears if you are navigating a turn-by-turn route, and an Active Route Page appears if you are navigating “Off Road.” See “Navigating in
Automotive Mode” beginning on the next page for more information.
Map Page
Compass Page
(Optional)
Highway Page
(Optional)
Current Route Page Trip Computer Page
XM Audio Page
(Optional)
To add the Compass, Highway, or XM Audio Pages:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Display tab.
2. Highlight the Highway Page, Compass Page, or XM Audio Page fields, and press ENTER. Select On, and press ENTER.
54
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > NAVIGATING IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE
Automotive Mode and Marine Mode are similar. Most of the
features discussed here also apply to Marine Mode.
There are several ways to begin navigating to a point in Automotive
Mode:
• Select a point on the map and press Direct To
.
to start a new route using the Find menu,
• Press Direct To
or start a saved route or track.
• Press NRST/FIND to search for a particular item and create a
route to it.
You can also start a saved route through the Routes tab on the Main
Menu. For more information, refer to page 60.
To go to a highlighted map item:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the item you would like to
navigate to on the Map Page.
. Go To <point name> is added to the
2. Press Direct To
list of options and automatically highlighted. If you have
selected an area of the map that is not a map feature, Go To
MAP Point is listed. Select Go To <point name> or Go To
MAP Point, and press ENTER.
Navigate Options in Automotive Mode
With Map Feature highlighted while navigating a course
3. Follow the magenta route created on the Map Page. Follow
the turn-by-turn route (auto-route) by using the Next Turns
Page and Current Route Page. If you are using the external
speaker, follow the voice prompts.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
55
AUTOMOTIVE
Navigating in Automotive Mode
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > NAVIGATING IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE
To start new route using the Find Menu:
AUTOMOTIVE
to open the Navigate menu.
1. Press Direct To
2. Highlight New Route (or Go To Point when in Marine Mode),
and press ENTER to open the Find Menu.
3. From the Find Menu, highlight Waypoints, and press
ENTER. (You can also choose to go to other points, such as
Cities or Services from this list. The steps vary only slightly
from those listed for Waypoints.)
4. Select a waypoint from the list, and then press ENTER to
show the Waypoint Page.
To search for an item and route to it:
1. Press NRST/FIND to open the Find Menu.
2. Using the ROCKER, highlight a category, such as Cities,
and press ENTER.
3. Press ENTER and use the ROCKER to begin entering the
letters contained in the item name. The list begins to sort
by the items that contain the letters you are entering. Press
ENTER.
Finding an item using the Containing field: The unit searches for items
containing the letter combination you enter and shows them in the list.
Waypoint Page
Activating a Go To using the Find Menu
5. The Waypoint Page automatically opens. With the Go To
button highlighted, press ENTER to begin navigation.
56
4. Highlight an item from the list, and press ENTER.
5. Highlight the Go To button, and press ENTER.
For complete information about finding an item, refer to page 57.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > FINDING AN ITEM
Finding an Item
The Find Menu allows you to easily search the stored waypoints and
points of interest. Press NRST/FIND to access the Find Menu.
The Find option also supports a “find from” feature that allows you
to center your search around an item that you have just found.
To find an item from another location on the map:
1. Open the Map Page. Use the ROCKER to pan the arrow
(pointer) to the location you want, and press NRST/FIND.
AUTOMOTIVE
The Find Menu is comprised of several default categories such as
Waypoints, Cities, Exits, Addresses, Crossroads, Food & Drink,
Attractions, Aviation Points, Transportation, and Weather Data.
Using the Find From Feature
Find Menu
Follow the directions on the previous page to search for an item near
your current location and then route to it.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Find From Map Pointer
2. The Find Menu opens showing “From Map Pointer.” The
list of items is sorted to show items nearest the selected
location. Using the ROCKER, highlight the category you want
from the list, and press ENTER.
3. Using the ROCKER, highlight an item from the list, and press
ENTER. The item’s information page automatically opens,
allowing you to save the item as a waypoint, show the item
on the map, or automatically create a route to (Go To) the
item.
57
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > FINDING AN ITEM
To find an item from another location:
AUTOMOTIVE
1. From any page, press NRST/FIND.
2. Using the ROCKER, highlight the category you want from the
list, and press ENTER.
3. Press MENU. Highlight Near Other, and press ENTER. If
you are actively following a route, you can also choose one
of the other options listed in the Find From list, as shown
below.
To find an item near another item:
1. Press NRST/FIND.
2. From the Find Menu, highlight the item you want to Find
From.
3. Press NRST/FIND with the item highlighted. The Find Menu
opens again with items near the previously selected item.
Search for the item.
Recently Found Items
The Recently Found Page shows a list of the items you have
searched for or gone to recently.
To view recently found items:
Find From Options
4. Select a reference location on the map, and press ENTER.
The list shows items near the new map location.
1. Press NRST/FIND. The Find Menu opens.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Recently Found. Press
ENTER. The Recently Found Page opens.
3. Press MENU to show the options menu:
Show Find History—allows you to toggle between showing the
items you have searched for recently (Find History) and the items
you have recently created a Go To for (Go To History).
Remove Point—removes the point that is highlighted in the list.
58
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > FINDING AN ITEM
Each item on the map and each item listed in the Find Menu results
list has an information page.
To view details about an item:
1. Highlight a point on the map or in the search results list, and
press ENTER.
An Information Page appears with details about the item in a
tabbed format. Based on the type of item, additional options
are available for viewing the item on the map, viewing the list
of maps on your data card, and viewing the next item in the
search results list.
Find Menu Options
To view additional options for the Find Menu, press NRST/FIND,
and then press MENU.
Enable Auto Arrange—automatically arranges the Find Menu.
Disable Auto Arrange and Restore Default options appear when
you select Enable Auto Arrange.
Near Other—allows you to select a new location from which to
compile the Find items lists. Using the ROCKER, move the map
arrow to a location, and press ENTER.
Map Information—shows information about the detailed map data
stored on the data card and allows you to select which maps are
showed on the Map Page.
Additional selections are included in the options menu when you are
navigating:
Near Next—compiles the Find items lists based on the next turn in
the route.
Information Page
2. Press PAGE or QUIT to exit the information page. You
can also highlight one of the on-screen buttons, and press
ENTER to perform that operation.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Near Destination—compiles the Find items lists based on the route
destination.
Near Current Route—compiles the Find items lists based on the
active route.
59
AUTOMOTIVE
Viewing the Information Page
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > CREATING ROUTES
Creating Routes
To create a route using the Find Menu:
The GPSMAP 396 lets you create and store up to 50 reversible
routes, with up to 300 waypoints each.
AUTOMOTIVE
Routes can be created in two ways. The first way is to select
waypoints from the Find Menu, allowing you to see a list of the
route points as you create the route. The second way is by selecting
waypoints or map items from the Map Page, allowing you to see
each route point graphically on-screen as you create the route.
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Route from the vertical list
of tabs.
3. Press MENU to show the Route options menu. Select New
Route, and press ENTER.
OR
Highlight the first available blank route slot and press
ENTER. The Route Review Page automatically opens,
showing a blank route.
4. Press ENTER to find items to add to the route.
5. The Find Page or Find Menu opens (based on which Usage
Mode you are in). Using the methods discussed in the
“Finding an Item” section beginning on page 57, select a
point to add to your route. When you find an item, highlight
OK, and press ENTER to add the point to the route. Repeat
until you have added all of the points to the route.
Route Tab
Creating a New Route on Route Review Page
60
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > CREATING ROUTES
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu. Use the
ROCKER to highlight Route from the vertical list of tabs.
2. Press MENU to show the Route options menu. Select New
Route, and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the first blank slot in the Route List Page, and press
MENU. Use the ROCKER to highlight Edit on Map, and
press ENTER.
4. Use the ROCKER to highlight the location, and press
ENTER. Press MENU and select Append To Route.
If you select an area of the map that is not a feature or
waypoint, a new waypoint is created for that location. Press
ENTER on the New Waypoint Page to save the location as
a waypoint and continue adding points to your route. You
can edit the properties of this waypoint as you can with any
waypoint.
5. Repeat until you have added all points to the route.
6. When finished, press QUIT twice to return to the Route
Review Page.
OR
Press MENU, highlight Edit as Text, and press ENTER to
view the Route Review Page.
To follow a saved route in Automotive Mode:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu. Use the
ROCKER to highlight Route from the vertical list of tabs.
2. Highlight the route you want to start, and press MENU.
3. Highlight Activate Route, and press ENTER.
4. The Active Route Page opens. Press MENU. Highlight
Follow Roads, and press ENTER. The GPSMAP 396
automatically generates a turn-by-turn route following roads.
If you want to follow roads on your route, press MENU and select
Follow Roads on the Active Route Page.
You can enter Custom Avoids by pressing Direct To
and
selecting Custom Avoids. When a custom avoid is entered, your
routes do not include areas the custom avoid areas.
Creating a New Route on the Map
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
61
AUTOMOTIVE
To create a route graphically:
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > CREATING WAYPOINTS
Creating Waypoints
Waypoints are locations or landmarks you record and store in your
GPSMAP 396. Save your current location as a waypoint by pressing
and holding ENTER/MARK. You can also find waypoints using the
map or Find Menu and store them in the unit.
AUTOMOTIVE
The GPSMAP 396 stores up to 3,000 alphanumeric waypoints
with a user-defined icon, category, comment, altitude, depth, and
temperature available for each waypoint. Waypoints can be created
using three basic methods:
Marking Your Present Location
The ENTER/MARK key lets you quickly capture your present
location to create a new waypoint. You must have a valid location
(2D or 3D) fix to mark your present location. You can determine the
satellite fix by looking at the GPS tab on the Main Menu.
To mark your present location:
1. Press and hold ENTER/MARK until the New Waypoint Page
appears, then release it. A default four-digit name and symbol
are assigned for the new waypoint.
• ENTER/MARK —allows you to quickly mark your present
location.
• Graphically—allows you to define a new waypoint location
from the map show using the ROCKER.
• Text Entry—allows you to enter a new waypoint’s location
coordinates manually.
New Waypoint Page
2. To accept the waypoint with the default information, use the
ROCKER to highlight OK, and press ENTER.
3. To change any information on the New Waypoint Page,
highlight the appropriate field, and press ENTER. After
entering and confirming your changes, highlight OK, and
press ENTER.
62
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > CREATING WAYPOINTS
Creating Waypoints From the Map
To create a new waypoint using the Map Page:
1. Press PAGE until the Map Page appears.
2. Use the ROCKER to move the arrow to the map location, or
map feature.
3. Press and quickly release ENTER/MARK to capture the
arrow location. Pressing and holding ENTER/MARK, marks
your present location, not the arrow’s location.
If you have highlighted a map feature, an information page
appears after you press ENTER. Use the ROCKER to
highlight Save, and press ENTER to save the item as a
waypoint. The New Map Waypoint Page appears.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Map Feature Information Page
Select Save to save the map feature as a waypoint
4. To accept the waypoint with the default information, highlight
OK, and press ENTER.
To change the any information on the New Map Waypoint
Page, highlight the appropriate field, and press ENTER. After
entering your changes, highlight OK, and press ENTER.
63
AUTOMOTIVE
You can create a waypoint using the Map Page. When you pan the
map and move the arrow over a map item, a highlighted description
of that item appears. The GPSMAP 396 uses the map item text
shown on the map as the default name and symbol for the new
waypoint.
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > CREATING WAYPOINTS
Creating a Waypoint by Entering Coordinates
AUTOMOTIVE
You can manually enter location coordinates to create a waypoint.
This method is useful for creating a waypoint at a specific latitude/
longitude location from a chart. You can manually change the
location coordinates in the New Waypoint Page to create a new
waypoint or use the Create Waypoint selection in the User Points
tab options menu.
To create a new waypoint by entering location
coordinates:
1. Press ENTER/MARK to create a waypoint (or use your
favorite method discussed in previous sections). The new
waypoint is created with the next available waypoint number
and the receiver’s last known location as the default location.
64
To change the location of a waypoint, highlight the
character you want to change in the Location field.
Press up or down on the ROCKER to change the
character. Repeat until the new location is entered.
2. On the New Waypoint Page, use the ROCKER to highlight
the Location field, and press ENTER. Use the ROCKER
to enter the location coordinates, and press ENTER when
finished.
3. To change any of the other information, highlight the
appropriate field, and press ENTER. Use the ROCKER to
enter the new information.
4. After entering your changes, highlight OK, and press
ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > FOLLOWING AN AUTOMOTIVE ROUTE
The GPSMAP 396 guides you to your destination using many tools,
such as the Map Page and Current Route Page.
Track Your Progress with the Map Page
You can track the progress of your route on the Map Page. Your
route is shown with a magenta line. The next turn appears in the top
bar on the Map Page.
Current Route Page in Automotive Mode
Whenever you have started a turn-by-turn route in the GPSMAP 396
set in Automotive Mode, the Current Route Page shows each turn
of the active route, with the distance to the turn, the street name,
estimated time to arrival, and time of arrival. As you navigate a
route, the next turn appears at the top of the list.
AUTOMOTIVE
Following an Automotive Route
Current Route Page
Map Page Displaying Your Route
Watch your Trip Data
Use the Trip Computer Page to view your trip data. You can track
your speed here, as well as other information related to your trip.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Starting and Stopping Navigation
Press Direct To
to open the Navigate menu. Highlight
Stop/Resume Navigation.
65
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > EDITING YOUR ROUTE
Editing Your Route
When you are navigating a route, you can edit that route. You can
add areas and roads to avoid as well as temporary detours to your
current route. You can also add stops along your trip, called Via
Points.
AUTOMOTIVE
While navigating, press Direct To
shown below.
to open the Navigate Menu,
Navigate Options in Automotive Mode
While navigating a course
Entering Custom Avoids
Custom Avoids allows you to enter specific areas and roads that
you would like to avoid in your navigation. Custom Avoids apply
to all routes, but Detours apply to only the active route. Custom
Avoids can be added while you are navigating a route or before you
navigate.
To enter a custom avoid:
1. Press Direct To
while in Automotive Mode.
OR
Open the Map Page, and press MENU.
2. Select Custom Avoid. Press ENTER.
3. Press ENTER when the Add Avoid button is highlighted.
4. Select Avoid Road or Avoid Area, and press ENTER.
5. Use the ROCKER to move the arrow to the first point in the
avoidance area. Press ENTER to select the first point.
6. Move the arrow to the end point and press ENTER. During
route calculation and navigation, the GPSMAP 396 avoids
the area within the box or the selected area of the road.
7. When finished, highlight the OK button, and press ENTER.
66
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN AUTOMOTIVE MODE > EDITING YOUR ROUTE
If, while navigating a route, there is road construction or a closed
road, you can have your GPSMAP 396 create a detour route. While
navigating a course, press Direct To . Select Detour from the
Navigate menu. Select the distance you want, and press ENTER.
The GPSMAP 396 recalculates your course based on your detour
distance. To end the detour manually, press Direct To again and
select Cancel Detour.
Adding and Editing Stops (Via Points)
You can add Via Points—points through which you would like to
travel—to your route using the Edit Vias option. Via points are great
for adding a stop at the gas station or bank to your route and are
really helpful when planning a long trip.
To add Via Points to your route:
1. While navigating your route, press Direct To
Navigate menu.
to open the
2. Use the ROCKER to select Edit Vias, and press ENTER.
3. The Add/Edit Vias window opens. Press enter with Add Via
Point highlighted.
4. From the window, highlight either Use Map or Find and
press ENTER.
5. If you selected Use Map, use the ROCKER to select an item
on the map and press ENTER.
If you selected Find, select an item from the Find Menu as
discussed in the “Finding an Item” beginning on page 57.
Remember you can press MENU while the Find Menu is
open to find an item near another location, such as your
destination.
6. The new point is added to the route and appears in the Add/
Edit Vias Page. Continue steps 2 through 4 until you have
added all of the Via Points that you want. Highlight Done,
and press ENTER to apply the new Via Points to the route.
Add/Edit Vias Page
Showing the original route without via points
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AUTOMOTIVE
Creating a Detour
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MAP PAGE
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES
Data Fields
This section discusses the major pages in Automotive Mode, such
as the Map Page, as well as some additional features, such as routes
and points.
AUTOMOTIVE
Map Page
Refer to page 28-35 in the “Aviation Mode Pages and Features”
section for more details about the Map Page.
The location marker (icon) that shows your travel on the Map Page
is a triangle symbol in Marine and Automotive modes. The
GPSMAP 396 always turns on in location mode, with the last known
location centered on the map. When you press the ROCKER, the
GPSMAP 396 enters pan mode, which moves the map to keep the
white arrow (map pointer) within the screen area.
In Automotive Mode, by default, four user-selectable data fields
appear on the right side of the screen that can be configured to show
any one of the possible data options. The top of the screen shows the
GPS status or the route leg. You can also add additional data fields to
the page or select a full screen map without data fields.
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Current
Location
Map Page
Map Zoom
Range
Press the zoom keys (IN and OUT) to change the map range. Some
items on the map appear only if the map is zoomed in to a certain
level.
Press MENU to open the options menu for the Map Page. You can
use the ROCKER to measure the distance between two objects
on the map. You can also change the page layout and data fields to
customize the Map Page.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > HIGHWAY PAGE
Highway Page
To hide/show the Highway Page:
The Highway Page is only available in Marine Mode and
Automotive Mode. In Automotive Mode, the Highway Page is
not shown by default. See the directions to the right to show the
Highway Page.
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Display tab.
3. Highlight the Highway Page field, and press ENTER.
4. Select Off to hide or On to show, and press ENTER.
AUTOMOTIVE
Using the Highway Page
To stay on course, steer toward the violet bar (or arrows) until
it lines up with the red bar in the middle. The bottom section of
the screen provides visual guidance to the waypoint on a graphic
highway. The line down the center of the highway represents your
track line.
Highway Page
When you are navigating, the Highway Page provides digital and
graphic steering guidance to the destination. The right side of the
Highway Page features user-selectable data fields showing useful
navigation information. A compass ribbon appears at the top of
the page to show your current heading as the violet bar and a red
vertical bar indicates the bearing to your course.
As you head toward your destination, the highway perspective
moves to indicate your progress to the waypoint and which direction
you should steer to stay on course. If you are navigating a route, the
Highway Page shows each route waypoint in sequence connected
by a black “road” with a white line down the middle, which is your
track line. Nearby waypoints not in the active route can also be
shown. You can zoom in or out to show a larger or smaller view of
the highway.
To change the highway perspective scale:
•
•
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Press IN to zoom in.
Press OUT to zoom out.
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AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > HIGHWAY PAGE
Highway Page Options
The Highway Page options menu allows you to define the data fields
and select which waypoints and track are shown on the screen. The
data fields, located along the right side of the page, provide a userselectable layout of various types of useful data. The layout can also
be changed to show additional data fields.
AUTOMOTIVE
To show and select the Highway Page Options:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press PAGE repeatedly until the Highway Page appears.
Press MENU.
Use the ROCKER to highlight the option.
Press ENTER.
Highway Page Options Menu
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The following options are available from the Highway Page menu:
Set up Page Layout—allows you to choose the number of data
fields.
Change Data Fields—allows you to specify the type of data shown
in each data field used on the map screen. This option is available
from any of the main pages. See the “Appendix” for a listing of the
data fields.
Set Up Highway—shows an options menu with two tabs: Line, and
Waypoint. Each tab has On/Off settings for several options, such as
enabling the line for the Active Leg and Track Log.
Set up Highway
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > CURRENT ROUTE PAGE
Whenever you have started a route in the GPSMAP 396 in
Automotive Mode, the Current Route Page shows each turn of
the active route, with the distance to the turn, the street name, and
estimated time to arrival and time of arrival. As you navigate a route,
the turn list automatically updates to indicate the next turn at the top
of the list.
Next Turn Page
Saving the Current Route
Current Route Page
You can save the current route from the Current Route Page. Press
MENU to save the route. Press ENTER when Save Route is
highlighted. Your route is automatically saved, using the starting
point and destination as the route name. Highlight OK and press
ENTER to complete saving the route.
You can scroll through the entire list by pressing the ROCKER up
or down. Highlight any of the turns on the list and press ENTER to
view the Next Turn Page for that turn. The Current Route and Next
Turn Pages show similar information, just in a different layout. The
Next Turn Page shows your next turn on a map.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
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AUTOMOTIVE
Current Route Page
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > TRIP COMPUTER
Trip Computer
Set Up Page Layout—allows you to choose the layout and number
of data fields. You can also select a graphical Dashboard, select to
show the Position Data Page layout (2 Columns), or select 4 Big
Fields as the layout of the page. You can change the Data Fields on
the 2 Columns and 4 Big Fields layout pages.
You can reset the Trip Computer before beginning a trip. If you
make frequent stops, leave the GPSMAP 396 turned on to allow the
unit to accurately measure elapsed time during the trip.
Change Nearest Type—allows you to specify the type of item to
be used as the nearest item (shown in the lower-left data field of the
Position Data (2 Columns) layout). The choices differ based on the
Usage Mode you are currently using.
The Trip Computer Page provides a quick reference for the
important data you want to show in Automotive Mode. It indicates
your current speed and many helpful statistics about your trip, such
as bearing, average speed, and moving time.
AUTOMOTIVE
Reset Trip—clears trip information, except the maximum speed and
the odometer.
Reset Max Speed—clears the maximum speed.
Reset Odometer—clears the running total of the distance traveled.
Trip Computer Page
Reset All—clears all trip information including the maximum speed
and odometer.
Trip Computer Page Options
Press MENU while on the Trip Computer to show the options menu.
The following options are available from the Trip Computer Page.
Some options are only available if you have changed the page layout
from the default.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING ROUTES
The Route tab shows the routes you have created in your
GPSMAP 396 unit. For complete information on routes, refer to the
“Creating Routes” section on page 60.
Viewing All of Your Saved Routes
The Route tab in the Main Menu lists all of your saved routes and
routes on one easy-to-read route list.
Route Tab
To view the route list:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
Using the Route Options
The Route tab in the Main Menu shows all the routes currently
stored in memory, along with a descriptive name for each route.
Highlight a route, and press MENU to open the options menu.
From here you can start a route, copy it, delete it, delete all routes,
and create a new route. You can also set up the routes to manually
transition to the next waypoint.
Manually Transitioning to the Next Waypoint
From the Route tab Option Menu, highlight Set up Routes, and
press ENTER to set the route leg transition (or waypoint transition).
Select Distance to enter a radius so that when you are within the
entered distance, the GPSMAP 396 leads you to the next point on
your route.
When you select Manual, you can transition to the next waypoint
while navigating a route. While you are navigating the route,
open the Active Route Page. Press MENU. Highlight Next Route
Waypoint, and press ENTER to have the GPSMAP 396 start
routing you to the next point in your route.
2. Highlight Route from the vertical menu of tabs using the
ROCKER.
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AUTOMOTIVE
Editing and Managing Routes
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING ROUTES
Navigating a Saved Route
The Navigate Route option allows you to easily select a saved route.
For information about creating routes, refer to the “Creating Routes”
section beginning on page 60.
To navigate a route in Automotive Mode:
AUTOMOTIVE
1. In Automotive Mode, press Direct To
.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Navigate Route, and press
ENTER.
3. Highlight a route, and press ENTER. The Active Route Page
automatically opens with the route started.
Select route
from list
After you create a route, use the Route Review Page to edit, change
the name, and review route points for a selected route.
To change the name of the route:
1. Press MENU twice, and highlight Route.
2. From the Route List Page, use the ROCKER to highlight the
name of the route, and press ENTER.
3. From the Route Review Page, use the ROCKER to highlight
the route name field at the top of the page, and press
ENTER.
Enter a new
Route name
here
Select Route
4. Press MENU to open the options menu.
5. Highlight Follow Roads, and press ENTER to create a
turn-by-turn route (auto-route), which appears in the Current
Route Page.
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Editing a Route
Route Review Page
4. Use the ROCKER to enter the route name and then press
ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING ROUTES
1. Press MENU twice, and highlight Route.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the name of the route, and
press ENTER.
3. From the Route Review Page, highlight the point, and press
ENTER.
To add points to the route:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Use the
ROCKER to select Route.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the route, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight the spot in the route that you
want to add the new point. (The new point is added before
the highlighted route point.) Press MENU.
4. Highlight Insert Waypoint, and press ENTER. The Find
Menu automatically opens for you to search for and select
the point you want to add to the route.
5. In the point review page, highlight OK, and press ENTER to
add the new point to the route.
Route Review Page
4. On the point review page, choose Next (highlight the next
point on the route list), Show Map (show the point on a map
window), or Save (save the point as a waypoint), and press
ENTER. If the route point is a user waypoint, you can edit
any of the waypoint properties on the Waypoint Page (see
the “Editing and Managing Waypoints” section on page 77.)
When you return to the Route Review Page, the next point in the
route is automatically highlighted. This allows you to review each
point on the route by pressing ENTER repeatedly.
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75
AUTOMOTIVE
To review individual route points:
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING ROUTES
To edit the route on the map:
AUTOMOTIVE
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Use the
ROCKER to select Route from the vertical menu of tabs.
2. Select the route, and press ENTER. Press MENU to open
the Route Review Page options menu.
3. Highlight Edit on Map, and press ENTER.
4. Use the ROCKER to select a location on the route (the route
turns white when the arrow is over the route). Press ENTER.
5. Use the ROCKER to drag the route to the new point location,
and press ENTER.
To set speed and fuel/plan your route:
1. Open the Route Review Page options menu.
2. Highlight Plan Route, and press ENTER. (Highlight Set
Speed and Fuel in Aviation Mode.)
Entering Speed and Fuel Flow for trip planning
3. Enter the data for Speed and Fuel Flow. When in Marine and
Automotive Modes, you also can enter the date and time of
your departure. Press QUIT to return to the Route Review
Page.
Editing the route on the map
6. If the New Waypoint Page opens, edit the waypoint, highlight
OK, and press ENTER.
7. Repeat steps 4 through 6 until all points are added to the
route. Press QUIT to finish.
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NOTE: Fuel flow rates are measured in “units per hour.” System
setting changes for units of measure (statute, nautical or metric)
do not affect the fuel flow measure. You should enter fuel
flow rates based on information for your vehicle (such as the
operator’s manual or performance specifications) and note the
units of measure (gallons or liters).
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
When you have created and stored a waypoint, you can modify,
review, rename, move, or delete it at any time through the Waypoint
Review and Waypoint Edit Pages. These pages provide virtually the
same information. For practical purposes, we refer to these pages
as the “Waypoint Pages,” unless it is necessary to discuss them
individually.
To access the Waypoint Edit Page:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Points from the vertical list of
tabs, and highlight the waypoint from the list.
AUTOMOTIVE
Editing and Managing Waypoints
To access the Waypoint Review Page from the Map:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the waypoint on the Map
Page.
2. Press ENTER to show the Waypoint Review Page. If the
waypoint is located on a map feature or MapSource or
BlueChart feature, the Waypoint Review Page can include
additional tabs containing information about the other
features at that location.
Points Tab in the Main Menu
3. Press ENTER to show the Waypoint Edit Page.
If the waypoint is located on a map feature or MapSource or
BlueChart feature, the Waypoint Edit Page does NOT show
the details of the other map features.
Use either of these methods to access the Waypoint Page so you can
edit and manage the waypoint.
Waypoint Review Page
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77
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
To change the waypoint name:
1. Open the Waypoint Review or Waypoint Edit Page.
2. Highlight the Name field, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to enter a new name, and press ENTER
when finished.
AUTOMOTIVE
Symbol field
Name field
To view the waypoint on the map:
1. From the Waypoint Page, highlight Show Map.
2. Press ENTER. The waypoint is highlighted on a map with an
information window at the top that shows the waypoint name,
location and distance and bearing from your current location.
On the Show Map screen, two additional options are available by
pressing MENU:
Measure Distance—allows you to measure the distance and bearing
between two points on the map (see page 32 for more information).
Point to on Main Map—returns to the highlighted waypoint on the
Map Page and exits the Waypoint Page.
Waypoint Review Page
To change the waypoint symbol or other element:
1. Open the Waypoint Review or Waypoint Edit Page.
2. Highlight the waypoint symbol field to the left of the waypoint
name or highlight another field you want to change, and
press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to select the symbol or enter data, and
press ENTER.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
Append to Route adds the selected waypoint to the end of a route.
This option appears when you are not navigating. When you are
navigating to a destination, Add to Current Route appears. The
selected waypoint is added to the current route before the route
destination.
To add a waypoint to the end of the route:
1. Open the Waypoint Page, and press MENU to open the
options menu.
Waypoint Options Menu
2. Select Append To Route from the options menu. The Select
Route window appears.
3. Highlight the route or select New Route, and press ENTER.
4. With OK highlighted, press ENTER to save the waypoint.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Averaging the Waypoint’s Location
Average Location makes the unit take several sample location
measurements for the waypoint and recalculate for a more accurate
location reading.
To calculate the average location:
1. Open the Waypoint Page, and press MENU to open the
options menu.
2. Select Average Location from the menu, and press ENTER.
The Average Location window appears.
Average Location
3. Watch the fields change as the unit calculates the average
location of the waypoint. Press ENTER to save the location.
NOTE: You must have a GPS satellite fix before you can
average a waypoint’s location.
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AUTOMOTIVE
Adding a Waypoint to a Route
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
Projecting a Waypoint
You can also create a new waypoint by “projecting” the distance and
bearing from a specific location to a new location.
To create a new waypoint by projecting its location:
AUTOMOTIVE
1. Create a waypoint using your favorite method (discussed in
previous sections). The new waypoint is created with the next
available waypoint number and the receiver’s last known
location as the default location.
2. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
3. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs using the
ROCKER.
4. Press MENU to open the New Waypoint Page options menu.
5. Highlight Project Location, and press ENTER.
6. To change the location from which you are projecting the new
waypoint, highlight the From field, and press ENTER. The
Find Menu opens.
Select the point from which you project your new waypoint
just as you would select a waypoint or point of interest. For
more information see the “Finding an Item” section on
page 57.
7. To adjust the distance that the new waypoint is projected
beyond the original waypoint, highlight the Distance field
and press ENTER. Enter the projection distance and press
ENTER.
To adjust the bearing that the new waypoint is projected from
the original waypoint, highlight the Bearing field and press
ENTER. Enter the bearing, and press ENTER.
8. When you have adjusted all elements of the projected
location, highlight Save, and press ENTER.
9. Make any other changes to the new waypoint data (such as
the name or symbol), highlight OK, and press ENTER.
Project Location Menu
Enter the distance, bearing, and location to project from.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
You can organize your waypoints into categories, which can help
when managing and using your waypoints. For example, you can
create a “Vacation” category that stores all of the waypoints you
use for your upcoming vacation. When the vacation is over, you can
delete all the waypoints in that category by pushing a few buttons.
You can create up to 15 categories.
To create a waypoint category:
1. From any of the waypoint pages or the Points tab, press
MENU to open the options menu.
2. Select Edit Categories, and press ENTER.
4. Use the ROCKER to enter a name for the category.
5. Highlight Save, and press ENTER.
When you create or edit a waypoint, you can select a category from
the Category list on the Waypoint Page.
To delete a category:
1. With the Waypoint Categories window open, highlight the
category to delete. Press MENU.
2. Select Delete Category, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight Add, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
81
AUTOMOTIVE
Organizing Waypoints into Categories
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
To assign a category to a waypoint:
1. Open the Waypoint Page. (You can also change the category
on the New Waypoint Page.)
2. Select the Category field, and press ENTER.
AUTOMOTIVE
Select the
category to
which you want
to assign this
waypoint.
Managing Points
The Points tab features two sub tabs, User and Proximity, that
let you edit waypoints and manage a large number of waypoints
quickly and efficiently. For more information about creating, editing,
and deleting waypoints, refer to the “Creating Waypoints” section
beginning on page 62.
To access the Points tab of the Main Menu:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs.
User Points Tab
Waypoint Page
3. Select the category you want, and press ENTER.
The User Points tab shows a master list of all waypoints currently
stored in memory. From the User list, you can review, edit, rename,
or delete individual waypoints or delete all user waypoints.
User Points Tab
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
To start a Go To from the User Points tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs, then highlight
User from the top row of tabs.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight a waypoint.
4. Press Direct To
. Highlight Go To <Point Name>, and
press ENTER.
OR
Press ENTER when the waypoint is highlighted to review the
waypoint on the Waypoint Page. See the previous pages for
detailed information on reviewing and editing waypoints.
Deleting Waypoints
You can delete waypoints from the waypoint list in the Points tab or
from the Waypoint Pages. To delete a waypoint from the Waypoint
Page, use the ROCKER to highlight the on-screen Delete button
and press ENTER.
To access the Points tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Press the ROCKER right or left to highlight User or
Proximity to open that sub tab.
AUTOMOTIVE
The total number of stored and available waypoint information
is available at the bottom of the User sub tab, with the stored
waypoints arranged in alphanumerical order.
To delete a waypoint from the User sub tab:
1. From the User sub tab, use the ROCKER to highlight the
waypoint you want to delete.
2. Press MENU, highlight Delete Waypoint, and press ENTER.
3. Press ENTER to confirm.
NOTE: When you delete a waypoint, you cannot recover it
from the unit. Back up important waypoints to a computer using
the USB cable and software, such as MapSource, or write the
coordinates down by hand.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
83
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
To delete waypoints by symbol or category:
AUTOMOTIVE
1. From the User sub tab, highlight the waypoint you want to
delete, and press MENU.
2. Highlight Delete by Symbol or Delete by Category, and
press ENTER.
3. When deleting by symbol, highlight the symbol of the
waypoint you want to delete, and press ENTER.
When deleting by category, select the category you want to
delete from the list, and press ENTER.
4. Highlight OK, and press ENTER to confirm. Choose Cancel
or press QUIT to exit without deleting.
Proximity Points
The Proximity Points tab lets you define an alarm circle around a
stored waypoint location. The alarm circle can help you avoid reefs,
rocks, or restricted areas. Up to 100 waypoints can be listed with
a maximum alarm radius of 99.99 nautical miles, statute miles, or
kilometers.
To delete waypoints by distance:
1. From the User sub tab, highlight the waypoint to be deleted,
and press MENU.
2. Highlight Delete By Distance, and press ENTER.
3. Select Less Than or More Than, and ENTER the distance
using the ROCKER.
4. You can select a waypoint or point of interest as the From
location. Highlight the From field, and press ENTER. From
the Find Menu, select the location, and press ENTER. When
OK is highlighted, press ENTER.
5. Highlight Delete, and press ENTER to delete all waypoints
within the set location. Choose Cancel or press QUIT to stop
the deletion.
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Proximity Points Tab
If a proximity alarm circle overlaps an existing alarm circle, a
“Proximity Overlaps Another Proximity Waypoint” message
appears. Because the unit only alerts for one of the overlap points,
use caution when navigating in these areas. If you enter an alarm
circle overlap, you are only alerted to the closest proximity
waypoint.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > EDITING AND MANAGING WAYPOINTS
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Points from the vertical list of tabs. Highlight
Proximity from the row of tabs along the top of the screen.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight the field below Proximity
Alarm, and press ENTER.
4. Select the ON or OFF setting, and press ENTER.
To clear one or all proximity waypoints from the list:
1. Open the Proximity sub tab.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the proximity waypoint to clear,
and press MENU.
AUTOMOTIVE
To turn proximity alarms on or off:
To add a proximity waypoint:
1. From the Proximity Points tab, use the ROCKER to highlight
an empty line on the Proximity List, and press ENTER. The
Find Menu appears.
2. Select the waypoint or point of interest from the Find Menu.
With OK highlighted, press ENTER to select that point. (For
complete information about the Find Menu, see “Finding an
Item” on page 57). The distance field is now highlighted.
3. Press ENTER to begin entry of the proximity radius.
4. Use the ROCKER to enter a distance value (up to 99.99
units), and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Proximity Points Tab Options Menu
3. To clear a single alarm, highlight Remove Point, and press
ENTER. To clear all proximity waypoints, select Remove All,
and press ENTER.
4. Use the ROCKER to highlight OK, and press ENTER.
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AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MANAGING YOUR TRACKS
Managing Your Tracks
The GPSMAP 396 draws an electronic breadcrumb trail or “track
log” on the Map Page as you travel. The track log contains points
along its path, including time, and location for each point.
Setting Up and Saving Your Tracks
AUTOMOTIVE
The track log starts recording as soon as the GPSMAP 396 gets
a location fix. For the best results, clear the track log before you
start traveling because when the track log is full, new track points
overwrite the oldest track points.
The percentage of memory used by the current track log appears at
the top of the Active sub tab. After the track log is cleared, it shows
zero percent. When the screen reaches 100%, the most recent track
points start to overwrite the least recent track points (if Wrap is
selected for Record Mode). To avoid losing track points, save the
track log when it approaches the 99% mark.
You must first save the track log before you can use the Navigate
Track feature. The Save feature allows you to store up to 15 track
logs from certain times and dates.
To access the Track tab:
1. Press Menu twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Track from the vertical list of tabs.
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Active Track Tab
Record Mode—Wrap records over the oldest tracks when the track
log reaches 100%. Fill records a track log until the track log is full
(100%). When Off is selected, the unit does not record tracks.
Interval—Distance records track points after a specified distance
has been traveled. Time creates track points after a specified time
has elapsed. Resolution records track points based on the resolution.
The higher the resolution entered, the more points the unit creates to
make the track.
Value—records a track according to the Interval and Value. Enter a
specific distance, time, or resolution.
Color—select a color for the track when it appears on the map.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MANAGING YOUR TRACKS
To clear the track log:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Track, then highlight the Active sub tab to the right.
3. Select the Clear button, and press ENTER.
To save a portion of the track log:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight the Track tab, and highlight the Active sub tab.
3. Use the ROCKER to select Save, and press ENTER.
4. To save only a portion of the track, highlight No, and press
ENTER when the window appears.
AUTOMOTIVE
5. Select a beginning point, and press ENTER. Select an
ending point, and press ENTER. The Track Review Page
automatically opens.
Clearing the Track Log
4. Highlight OK, and press ENTER. Press QUIT to exit.
To save the entire track log:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Track, then highlight the Active sub tab to the right.
3. Use the ROCKER to select Save, and press ENTER.
4. A window pops up asking if you want to save the entire
track log. To save the entire track, highlight Yes, and press
ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Saving a Portion of the Track Log
6. Highlight OK, and press ENTER to save the track. Press
QUIT to exit.
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AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MANAGING YOUR TRACKS
Saved Sub Tab
The Saved sub tab lists all of the saved tracks in your unit.
AUTOMOTIVE
Saved Sub Tab
Press MENU to open the Saved sub tab options menu:
Review on Map—shows the highlighted track on the Map Page.
TracBack—navigates the track. You can either navigate the track as
it is saved, or you can navigate the track in reverse.
Delete Track—erases highlighted track from the unit’s memory.
Delete All—erases all tracks from the unit’s memory.
To edit a track:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight the Track tab. Press the ROCKER right to highlight
the Saved sub tab.
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3. Highlight the track you want to edit, and press ENTER. The
Track Review Page opens. Make changes you want.
Track Review Page
4. Highlight the Name field, and press ENTER. Use the
ROCKER to change the name, and press ENTER.
5. Select a different screen color when the track appears on the
map.
6. To show this track on the map, highlight the box next to
Show on Map, and press ENTER.
7. To begin a TracBack, highlight TracBack, and press ENTER.
For more information about the TracBack feature, refer to the
next page.
8. To view the track on the map, highlight Map, and press
ENTER. Press QUIT to return to the Track tab.
9. Highlight OK, and press ENTER to save the track. Press
QUIT to exit.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
AUTOMOTIVE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MANAGING YOUR TRACKS
The TracBack function allows you to retrace your path using the
track log automatically stored in the receiver’s memory, which
eliminates the need to store waypoints along the way. TracBack
routes are created by reducing your track log into a route with up to
300 turns and activating an inverted route along those points. When
activated, a TracBack route leads you back to the oldest stored track
log point, so it is a good idea to clear the existing track log before
you start your current trip. You must save an active track log before
you can navigate it as a TracBack.
To start a TracBack using Direct To key:
1. Press Direct To
press ENTER.
, then highlight Navigate Track, and
Selecting a Saved Track
2. Highlight the saved track you want to navigate, and press
ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
3. Use the ROCKER to select the point you want to navigate to
(TracBack to), and press ENTER.
TracBack Tips
When a TracBack has been started, the GPSMAP 396 divides the
track into segments called legs. Up to 300 temporary turns are
created to mark the most significant features of the track in order to
duplicate your exact path as closely as possible. To get the most out
of the TracBack feature, remember these tips:
• Always clear the track log at the point that you want to go
back to (such as a dock or campsite).
• The Record Mode option on the Active Track tab must be set
to Fill or Wrap.
• If the track log Interval option on the Active tab is set to
the Time option, the route may not navigate your exact path
(keep the interval set to Resolution for best performance).
• If the receiver is turned off or satellite coverage is lost during
your trip, the TracBack draws a straight line between any
point where coverage was lost and where it resumed.
• If the changes in distance and direction of your track are too
complex, 300 waypoints may not mark your path accurately.
The receiver then uses the most significant points of your
track so there are fewer changes in direction.
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AUTOMOTIVE
Navigating a Saved Track
BASIC OPERATION IN MARINE MODE > MARINE MODE PAGE SEQUENCE
BASIC OPERATION IN MARINE MODE
To switch usage modes:
1. Press and hold the PAGE/MODE button.
2. Use the ROCKER to select either Aviation, Automotive, or Marine, and press ENTER.
Marine Mode Page Sequence
Marine Mode features five main pages: the Map, Compass, Highway, Active Route, and Position Data Page, as well as an optional XM Audio
Page. If you are connected to a sonar module, such as a Garmin GSD 20 or GSD 21, an additional Sonar Page is available.
MARINE
Map Page
Compass Page
Highway Page
XM Audio Page
(Optional)
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Active Route Page
Position Data Page
Sonar Page
(Optional)
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
BASIC OPERATION IN MARINE MODE > NAVIGATING IN MARINE MODE
Press Direct To
on any page to begin navigating to a
destination. The Go To Point, Navigate Route, and Navigate
Track options operate the same as in Automotive Mode. Refer to the
previous section for detailed instructions on those options. In Marine
Mode, you can initiate Man OverBoard (MOB) navigation, which
places a waypoint at your location and then navigates you back to
that location.
Navigate Options in Marine Mode
Accessed by pressing Direct To
When you are actively navigating, a magenta line always runs from
your current location to the destination on the Map Page. You can
use the Map Page, Compass Page, Highway Page, and Position Data
Page to help navigate to your destination.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
Man OverBoard (MOB)
The Man OverBoard function (MOB) lets you simultaneously mark
and set a course to a location for quick response to emergency
situations.
To start the MOB function:
1. In Marine Mode, press and hold Direct To
Direct To
twice.
or press
MARINE
Navigating in Marine Mode
Man OverBoard confirmation screen
2. Press ENTER to confirm and begin navigating to the MOB
location.
When an MOB has been started, an MOB waypoint with an
international MOB symbol is created and the unit begins actively
navigating to that point. Use any of the navigation Pages to guide
you back to the MOB point. The MOB waypoint is stored in the
waypoint list and can be deleted like any other waypoint.
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MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > MAP PAGE
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES
Marine Mode operates in a similar fashion to Aviation Mode, while
also providing many features and operations of Automotive Mode.
Refer to the corresponding sections in the Aviation and Automotive
sections for further details.
Map Page
Refer to page 28-35 in the “Aviation Mode Pages and Features”
section for more details about the Map Page.
MARINE
The location marker (icon) that shows your travel on the Map Page
is a triangle symbol in Marine and Automotive modes. The
GPSMAP 396 always turns on in location mode, with the last known
location centered on the map. When you press the ROCKER, the
GPSMAP 396 enters pan mode, which moves the map to keep the
white arrow (map pointer) within the screen area.
In Marine Mode, by default, five user-selectable data fields appear
on the right side of the screen that can be configured to show any
one of the possible data options. You can also add additional data
fields to the page or select a full screen map without data fields.
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Data fields
Current
location
Map range
Map Page
Press the zoom keys (IN and OUT) to change the map range. Some
items on the map only appear if the map is zoomed in to a specified
level.
• Press ENTER to quickly declutter (remove unwanted items)
from the Map Page.
• Press MENU to open the options menu for the Map Page.
• You can show and hide the heading line from the options
menu.
• Use the ROCKER to measure the distance between two
objects on the map.
• You can change the page layout and data fields to customize
the Map Page.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > COMPASS PAGE
Compass Page
During active navigation, the Compass Page guides you to your
destination with data fields and a graphic compass screen with a
bearing pointer.
Rotating
compass ring
Bug indicator
Compass arrow
Data fields
waypoint. If the arrow points any direction other than up, turn
toward the arrow until it points up, then continue in that direction.
NOTE: You must be moving for the compass to accurately
update and show your heading.
The right side of the Compass Pages contains user-selectable data
fields that show additional information during active navigation.
For definitions of data field settings, refer to page 173 of the
“Appendix.”
Compass Page in Marine Mode
The options menu on the Compass Page allows you to customize
the Compass Page. Like the Map Page, the Compass Page features
user-selectable data fields on the right side of the screen. When the
Compass Page is open, press MENU to open the options menu.
The middle of the page features a rotating compass ring that shows
your course over ground (track) while you are moving. Your present
course over ground is indicated at the top of the compass ring. The
direction of the destination (bearing) relative to the course over
ground is indicated by an arrow in the middle of the compass ring
and a course to steer “bug” on the outside of the compass ring.
Show Course Pointer/Show Compass—toggles between showing
the Course Pointer, which shows how far off you are from your
course and how to get back on course, or showing the compass
arrow. The Course Pointer is also referred to as a CDI or Course
Deviation Indicator.
The compass ring and bearing indicators work independently to
show the direction of your movement and the direction to your
destination. If the arrow points up, you are going directly to the
Show/Hide Bug Indicator—toggles between showing and hiding
the course to steer bug indicator (the purple tick mark on the
compass ring).
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
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MARINE
Compass Page Options
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > COMPASS PAGE
Using the Marine Timer
The Marine Timer, specifically designed for sail boat racing,
allows you to easily count up or down specified time increments.
As common in sail boat racing, there is often a 5-minute warning
countdown, followed by a 4-minute preparation countdown, and
finally a one-minute final countdown. You must change the Compass
Page layout to use the Marine Timer.
To open the Marine Timer:
MARINE
1. Press PAGE repeatedly until the Compass Page appears.
2. Press MENU.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight Set up Page Layout, and
press ENTER.
4. Highlight 2 Columns With Timer, and press ENTER. The
Marine Timer appears in the lower right corner.
To use the Marine Timer:
1. Press the ROCKER up or down to select the time you want
to count. Five (5) minutes is the default.
2. Press ENTER to start the timer. Use the ROCKER during the
timing to quickly select a different length of time.
3. Press ENTER to stop timing.
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Marine Timer on the Compass Page
As discussed previously, the timer is set to count down five minutes.
If you want to change the length of time and the behavior or the
timer, open the Timers Setup tab in the Main Menu.
To set the Marine Timer:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Press the ROCKER down to select Setup and then right to
select the Timers sub tab.
3. Highlight Stop next to Marine, and press ENTER to change
the timer’s behavior. Highlight the behavior you want, and
press ENTER.
4. Highlight the time field, press ENTER, and then use the
ROCKER to enter a new time. The maximum time is 60:00
(minutes: seconds). Press ENTER when finished.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > DSC
The DSC Page allows you to control and set up the Digital Selective
Calling (DSC) features on the GPSMAP 396.
DSC uses marine VHF radio and GPS technologies to transmit
and receive location information. The chartplotter repeats the call
properties received from the VHF radio on the chartplotter. The
GPSMAP 396 requires input from a DSC enabled VHF radio to
show position, and to sound/show alerts from a distress call or
position report. Conversely, the VHF radio requires input from a
GPS to transmit position coordinates for a distress call or position
report. For connection information, refer to “Connecting the Power
and Data Cable” on page 157.
An emergency DSC distress call allows a vessel in trouble to
transmit a substantial amount of information in a single transmission
or call, without the need for voice communication. When any
nearby rescuer receives the DSC signal, an alarm sounds and they
immediately receive the location of the caller. The rescuer can then
choose to navigate to the caller’s location to assist, or forward the
call on to the Coast Guard. When the Coast Guard receives the call,
they can immediately access the caller’s information (such as who
they are and the type of vessel) in their database while they are in
transit to the caller’s location.
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
A non-emergency DSC Position Report allows mariners to exchange
and show the positions of one another. When a DSC position is
received, the mariner can choose to create a waypoint or to show the
received location on an electronic map.
Anytime a vessel receives a DSC call, they can store and quickly
navigate to that location using a Go To. This makes DSC a time
saver, especially in an emergency situation. In order to use DSC,
users must first register their VHF radio with the FCC and receive a
Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number.
For more information about Digital Selective Calling and Maritime
Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) numbers, refer to page 167 in the
“Appendix.”
MARINE
DSC
DSC Page
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MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > DSC
Understanding Distress Calls
When the GPSMAP 396 receives a distress call from a connected
DSC enabled VHF radio, an alert message and notification page
appear, and an alarm tone is sounded. Distress calls are shown in the
DSC Call List, and Log with a checkered symbol.
You also have the ability to input a caller’s name, if it is known.
The caller’s name replaces the MMSI number as a reference when
entered.
Understanding Position Reports
A position report is similar to a distress call except no alarm is
sounded. Position reports are not broadcast to all DSC users and are
shown with a boat symbol.
MARINE
Receiving DSC Calls
Each time you receive a distress call or position report, a
Notification page appears, and the call is placed in the DSC Call List
and Log. The Notification page contains information about the call
including: the type of call (distress or position report), the MMSI
number of the caller, a user definable name, the time and date of the
call, the bearing and distance from your current position, and
the coordinates of the caller. To see the callers location on a map,
select the Show Map button. To create a waypoint at the caller's
location, select the Create Wpt button. To close the Notification
page, press the QUIT key.
When a Distress Call or Position Report is placed in the Call List
and Log, the information on the Notification page is retained.
To review a DSC call or log entry, highlight the entry and
press ENTER. The DSC Entry Review page is identical to the
Notification page with one exception, the entry can be deleted.
To review a call or log entry:
1. Open the Call List or Log from the DSC tab
2. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the call you
want to review.
3. Press ENTER to open the DSC Entry Review Page.
DSC Entry Review Page
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > DSC
DSC Call List
The DSC Call List shows the 50 most recent calls, even if the unit
is left unattended. The Call List shows the most recent call from a
vessel. If a second call is received from the same vessel, it replaces
the first call in the Call List. Press MENU to sort the list and delete
entries.
DSC Log
When DSC calls are received, they are automatically stored in the
Log, with the latest call at the top. The unit can store up to 100 logs.
When 100 logs are received, the oldest log file is removed when a
new call is received. Press MENU to sort the list and delete entries.
MARINE
DSC Log
DSC Call List
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
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MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > DSC
DSC Directory
The DSC Directory acts much like a phone book and can hold up to
50 entries. Pressing MENU from this page allows you to add a
New Item, Delete a highlighted entry, or Delete All entries.
DSC Directory
entries. Press
Enter to open
the entry
review page.
Blank entry.
Press Enter to
add a Directory
entry.
DSC Directory
MARINE
To add a new Directory entry:
1. Open the DSC Directory in the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the first blank space in the
directory list, and press ENTER.
OR
Press MENU, highlight New Item, and press ENTER.
3. Enter the MMSI number, the name, and any comments.
Enter the
MMSI number,
Name, and a
Comment in
the fields.
Highlight OK
and press
Enter to save
the directory
entry.
New Directory Item Page
When a distress call, position report or directory item is named, the
name is attached to that particular MMSI number. If a name is used,
all DSC entries of the same MMSI number show the name.
Another way to input a name is from the Entry Review Page or the
DSC Distress Call or DSC Position Report Pages. The Name and
MMSI are sent to other Garmin GPS units: Only the MMSI numbers
are sent to other non-Garmin DSC users.
4. When finished, highlight OK, and press ENTER.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
MARINE MODE PAGES AND FEATURES > DSC
Navigating to a Position Report or Distress Call
After a Position Report or a Distress Call is received, you can
quickly navigate to the call location.
To navigate to a Position Report or Distress Call using
the Direct To
key:
1. Press Direct To
.
2. With Go To (MMSI/Name) highlighted, press ENTER.
Setting up DSC
The DSC Setup tab allows you to turn DSC on and off. This Setup
tab also allows you to simulate distress calls and position reports
while the unit is in Simulator Mode (see page 11). Simulating calls
is helpful for practice before connecting to the real system. The
distress call simulator also helps to check if alarms are working
properly.
To navigate to a Position Report or Distress Call using
the Call List or Log:
1. Highlight the call on the Call List or Log, and press
Direct To
.
MARINE
2. With Go To (MMSI/Name) or (DSC) highlighted, press
ENTER.
DSC Setup
Navigating to a DSC Call
GPSMAP 396 Owner's Manual
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MAIN MENU > GPS TAB
MAIN MENU
The Main Menu features some additional pages that are useful to
you as you plan trips and use your GPSMAP 396. Some of these
pages have already been discussed in-depth in previous sections.
This section only contains the additional pages and features found in
the Main Menu that have not been discussed yet.
GPS Tab
The GPS tab provides a visual reference of satellite acquisition,
receiver status, and accuracy. The sky view and signal strength bars
give an indication of what satellites are visible to the receiver and
whether they are being tracked. More information on the GPS tab is
located on page 4.
The following tabs in the Main Menu can be restored to their
defaults: Track, E6B, Alarms, Display, Sound, and Setup.
To restore defaults:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
Use the ROCKER to highlight a tab.
Press Menu to open the options menu.
Highlight Restore Default.
Press ENTER to restore the tab to the defaults.
GPS Page
To restore all of unit’s settings to the factory defaults at once, select
All Unit Defaults from the options menu of the Setup tab.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > WEATHER AND XM TABS
Weather Tab
Use the Weather tab to view individual weather features without
turning all other weather features on or off. For example, you can
select Storm Cells to view only storm cell data on the Map window
that appears on the Weather tab. When you close the Main Menu
and return to the Map Page, all of your previously selected weather
features still appear on the Map Page. Information on the Weather
tab is located on pages 125-130.
NOTE: You must have a subscription to XM WX Weather and
the GXM 30/30A antenna must be plugged in to the USB port
on the back of the unit to use features described in this section.
For more information about subscribing to XM WX Weather, see
page 178.
XM Tab
The XM tab is where you can view and select XM Radio channels,
add or delete favorites, and obtain radio ID and XM WX Satellite
Weather service level information. The XM tab is divided into two
sub tabs: Audio and Information. Information on the XM tab is
located on pages 50-53.
NOTE: The XM tab always appears on the Main Menu,
regardless of whether the XM Audio Page is turned on or off.
For more information about the XM Audio Page, see page 113.
Audio Sub Tab
The Audio sub tab shows XM Radio channel categories, a list of
available channels, information about the selected channel, and the
strength of the XM signal.
Map Page with XM WX Weather
XM Tab Audio Sub Tab
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
101
MAIN MENU > FLIGHTS TABS
Information Sub Tab
Use the Information sub tab to view the radio identification number,
XM WX Satellite Weather subscription information, and a list of
weather features available to you based on your subscription plan.
The Information sub tab also shows the age of each weather report
in minutes.
Flights Tab
The Flights tab shows a list of any recorded flights, including
date, route of flight, and flight time. The GPSMAP 396 saves up
to 50 recorded flights while in Aviation Mode. Entries on this list
are automatically created for each flight. More information on the
Flights tab is located on page 46.
XM Tab Information Sub Tab
Flight Tab
Showing the flight details page
Route Tab
Use the Route tab create and store up to 50 reversible routes, with up
to 300 points each. See the “Creating Routes” section beginning on
page 60 for more information about routes.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > POINTS AND TRACK TABS
Points Tab
The Points tab contains two sub tabs, User and Proximity, which
allow you to manage a large number of waypoints quickly and
efficiently. For more information about waypoints, see the “Creating
Waypoints” section beginning on page 62.
User Sub Tab
The User sub tab shows a master list of all waypoints currently
stored in memory. The total number of stored and available
waypoints appears at the bottom of the User sub tab.
Proximity Sub Tab
Use the Proximity sub tab to shows an alarm circle around a stored
waypoint location.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Track Tab
Use the Track tab to specify whether or not to record a track log,
define how it is recorded, or save the track log data for future use.
The Track tab is divided into two sub tabs: Active and Saved. For
more information about tracks, see the “Managing Your Tracks”
section beginning on page 86.
Active Sub Tab
The Active sub tab is for the active log (the log currently being
recorded.) It displays the amount of track memory used and current
settings.
Saved Sub Tab
The Saved sub tab displays a list of all saved tracks in your unit.
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MAIN MENU > SONAR, AIRCRAFT, AND E6B TABS
Sonar Tab
The Sonar tab contains options for the Sonar Page. See the “Setting
Up the Sonar Page” section beginning on page 139 for more
information about Sonar setup options.
Aircraft Tab
The Aircraft tab is divided into two sub tabs: Aircraft Profile and
Weight & Balance. Information on the “Aircraft Tab” is located on
page 46.
To access the Sonar Tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Sonar tab.
Aircraft Profile Tab
E6B Tab
Sonar Tab
104
The E6B tab in the Main Menu calculates Density Altitude, True
Airspeed, and Winds Aloft (Head Wind, Tail Wind, Wind From, and
Wind Speed), based on information you enter. Information on the
“E6B Tab” is located on page 48.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > ALARMS TAB
Alarms Tab
The Alarms tab allows you to define alarm settings.
To set an alarm:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the Alarms tab.
3. Highlight the field below the alarm name you want activate,
and press ENTER.
4. Change the mode to On, and press ENTER. If necessary,
highlight the next field to the right, and press ENTER, enter
the settings, and press ENTER.
Airspace Alarms Sub Tab (Aviation Mode Only)
Press NRST/FIND to view the Airspace Information when an
airspace alarm message appears.
Class B, CTA; Class C, TMA; Towers, Cntrl Zones; Restricted,
ADIZ; MOAs; Mode C Veils; Other SUAs—enables and disables
the alarms. Select On to enable or Off to disable.
Altitude Buffer—sets the buffer for the altitude alarm. Highlight
the Altitude Buffer field, and press ENTER to select a different
value. Use the ROCKER to select the digits.
When an alarm goes off, the alarm message appears on the screen
and the unit emits five (5) beeps. When you select an alarm to be
persistent, the alarm message appears on the screen and the unit
beeps until you press ENTER to acknowledge the alarm.
To set a persistent alarm:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the Alarms tab.
3. Highlight the box next to the alarm you would like to make
persistent (for example, Next Turn).
4. Press ENTER to place a check mark in the Persist box.
When an alarm goes off, it sounds until you acknowledge the
alarm message by pressing ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Airspace Alarms Tab
105
MAIN MENU > ALARMS TAB
Navigation (Nav) Alarms Sub Tab
Next Turn—sets an alarm to indicate next turn in route. Select Off
for no Next Turn alarm. Select Dist to enter a specific distance. For
example, if you enter 1 nm, the Next Turn alarm sounds one nautical
mile before you reach the next turn. Select Time to enter a specific
time before the turn for the alarm to go off. For example, if you
enter 00:02:00, the Next Turn alarm sounds two minutes before you
reach the next turn. Select Auto for the unit to provide a Next Turn
alarm at its discretion.
Arrival—sets an alarm to sound when you are a specified distance
or time away from a destination waypoint. Select Off for no Arrival
alarm. Select Dist to enter a specific distance. Select Time to enter
a specific time before the destination for the alarm to go off. Select
Auto for the unit to provide an Arrival alarm at its discretion.
Off Course—sets an alarm to sound when off your course. Select
On, then enter a distance.
Anchor Drag—sets an alarm to sound when you have exceeded a
specified drift distance. Select On, and then enter a distance.
System Alarms Sub Tab
System Alarms Sub Tab
Clock—sets an alarm based on the unit’s clock. Select On, and then
enter a specific time that you want the alarm to sound. The unit must
be on for the clock alarm to work.
Ext. (External) Voltage—sets an alarm to sound when the external
voltage drops below a specified amount. Select On, and then enter a
specific voltage.
DGPS—sets an alarm to sound when the unit loses a differential fix.
Accuracy—sets an alarm to sound when GPS accuracy falls outside
of the user-set value. Select On, and then enter a specific distance.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > ALARMS TAB
Weather Alarms Sub Tab
You must be receiving XM WX weather information for the weather
alarms to work.
Sonar Alarms Sub Tab (Marine Mode Only)
You must be receiving sonar NMEA data for Sonar alarms to work.
Sonar Alarms Sub Tab
Weather Alarms Sub Tab
Tornado Warnings—sets an alarm to sound when you enter an area
where a tornado warning is in effect.
Thunderstorm Warnings—sets an alarm to sound when you enter
an area where a severe thunderstorm warning is in effect.
Flood Warnings—sets an alarm to sound when you enter an area
where a flood warning is in effect.
Flash Flood Warnings—sets an alarm to sound when you enter an
area where a flash flood warning is in effect.
Marine Warnings—sets an alarm to sound when you enter an area
where a marine warning is in effect.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Shallow Water and Deep Water—sets an alarm to sound when you
enter an area of water that is too shallow or deep.
Water Temp—sets an alarm to indicate if the water temperature has
exceeded or dropped below a specific temperature, or fallen outside/
inside a specific temperature range. Select Above or Below and then
enter a specific temperature, or select Inside or Outside and enter a
range of temperatures.
Drift—sets an alarm to sound when you have exceeded a specified
drift distance. Select On, and then enter a specific distance.
Fish—sets alarm to sound when unit detects a fish of the specified
symbol size.
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MAIN MENU > CELESTIAL TAB
Celestial Tab
The Celestial tab on the Main Menu shows sun and moon
information, tide data, and hunting and fishing information. You can
show this data for your current location, a location from the map, or
a waypoint location. Also, you can select a different date and time,
or use the current data.
To access the Celestial Tabs of the Main Menu:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Celestial from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Use the ROCKER to show the tab, such as Sun & Moon.
Sun & Moon Sub Tab
The Sun & Moon sub tab provides you with sun rise/set and moon
rise/set times. A graphic screen of the moon phase is also shown.
You can view Sun & Moon information for any date or location.
You can also use the play, fast forward, and stop buttons to view an
animation of the Sun & Moon sub tab.
To view Sun & Moon information for a different date:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Date field and press
ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to change the digits of the date to the date
you want. You can also use the Zoom IN and OUT keys to
view information for another date. Press and hold IN or OUT
to scroll quickly through dates.
3. Press ENTER when finished. The unit shows the sun and
moon information for the date you entered or selected.
To use the current date again, highlight the Date field. Press MENU,
highlight Use Current Date, and press ENTER.
Select the date
and location
Moon phase
Animation
controls for the
sky view
Location of the
sun and moon
in the sky view
Sun & Moon Sub Tab
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > CELESTIAL TAB
To view Sun & Moon information for a different
location:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the From field and,
press ENTER.
2. Highlight Use Find Menu, and press ENTER. The Find Menu
automatically opens.
3. Select a waypoint or point of interest, and press ENTER.
4. On the waypoint information page, press ENTER. The unit
shows the sun and moon information for the location you
selected.
To use the current location, highlight the From field. Press ENTER,
highlight Current Location, and press ENTER.
Tide Sub Tab
The Tide sub tab contains a graphical chart that shows tide station
information in a 24-hour span starting at midnight station time. You
can choose from different dates and more than 3,000 tide stations.
Enter the date for which you want to
view the tide information
Select the tide station for which you
want to view the information
Time
Height of tide
Smallest and
largest tides
for the AM
hours
Tide Tab
Smallest and
largest tides
for the PM
hours
The top of the page shows the tide station and date being referenced.
The chart shows a 24-hour block of time, with the time progressing
from left to right. The solid vertical lines represent 4-hour
increments; the dotted vertical lines represent 1-hour increments.
The tide curve shows as a shaded area, with higher tides being taller
and lower tides shorter. The bottom of the page indicates the times
with the largest and smallest tides.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
109
MAIN MENU > CELESTIAL TAB
To view a tide chart for a different tide station:
1. From the Tide tab, highlight the At field, and press ENTER.
The Find Menu opens showing the tide stations.
2. Press MENU and select Near Current Location, Near
Current Route, Near Other (select another location using
the map), or Near Destination. The list is updated with your
search requirements.
3. Select a tide station from the list, and press ENTER. The
Tide Station Information Page opens.
4. Highlight OK, and press ENTER. The Tide tab appears again
showing the tide chart for the selected tide station.
To view the tide chart for another date:
1. From the Tide sub tab with the chart shown, highlight the On
field, and press ENTER.
2. Enter the date with the ROCKER, and press ENTER. You
can also use the Zoom IN and OUT keys to view information
for another date. Press and hold IN or OUT to scroll quickly
through dates.
3. Press ENTER. The unit shows the chart for the date you
entered or selected.
To view a chart’s details for another time during the
day (other than current time):
1. From the Tide sub tab with the chart shown, press MENU,
and select Move Cursor.
2. Press the ROCKER right or left to view the chart at another
time.
3. To return to the current time, press MENU, and select Stop
Moving Cursor.
To automatically start pointer mode to scroll the chart:
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Date field. Then press
down to start the pointer (pan) mode.
2. Scroll the chart right to view the next day or left to view the
previous day.
To use the current date again, highlight the Date field. Press MENU,
highlight Use Current Date, and press ENTER.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > CELESTIAL TAB
Hunt & Fish Sub Tab
The Hunt & Fish sub tab provides you with predictions of the good
and best times to hunt and fish in a selected location on a specific
date.
To show the Hunt & Fish information:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Celestial from the vertical list of tabs using the
ROCKER.
3. Use the ROCKER to select the Hunt & Fish sub tab.
To view Hunt & Fish information for a different date:
1. Highlight the Date field, and press ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to change the digits of the date to the date
you want. You can also use the Zoom IN and OUT keys to
view information for another date. Press and hold IN or OUT
to scroll quickly through dates.
3. Press ENTER when finished. The unit shows the information
for the date you entered.
To use the current date again, highlight the Date field. Press MENU,
highlight Use Current Date, and press ENTER.
To view Hunt & Fish information for a different
location:
Hunt & Fish Sub Tab
1. Use the ROCKER to highlight the From field, and
press ENTER.
2. Highlight Use Find Menu, and press ENTER. The Find Menu
automatically opens.
3. Select a point, and press ENTER.
4. On the information page, press ENTER. The unit shows the
Hunt & Fish information for the selected location.
To use the current location, highlight the From field. Press ENTER,
highlight Current Location, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
111
MAIN MENU > MESSAGE TAB
Message Tab
To show or hide messages using the Log Filter:
The Message tab shows a list of messages generated by your
GPSMAP 396. Use the ROCKER to scroll through the list of
messages on the Log tab. Use the Log Filter tab to show only the
types of messages you want to view.
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Message from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Log Filter tab. By default
all messages are shown.
To view the messages:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Message from the vertical list of tabs.
Message Log Filter Tab
Message Log Tab
3. Use the ROCKER to highlight a message. Press ENTER to
view detailed information about that message.
112
4. Use the ROCKER to highlight the message you want to hide,
and press ENTER.
5. The message name then appears in the Hide window.
Highlight the message, and press ENTER to show it again.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > DISPLAY TAB
Display Tab
The Display tab allows you to set several features of the screen, such
as what pages to show in the main page sequence and how long the
backlight stays on.
To view the Display tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Display from the vertical list of tabs.
Twilight Adjustment—allows the unit to adjust the backlight for
optimum viewing during twilight times.
Backlight Timeout—sets the backlight to stay on when it is turned
on, or to time out after a selected period of time has elapsed when
using the battery. The backlight stays on regardless of this setting
when external power is used.
XM Audio Page—enables the page and places it in the main page
sequence.
Highway Page—enables the page and places it in the main page
sequence. Available in Marine and Automotive Modes only.
Compass Page—enables the page and places it in the main page
sequence. Available in Marine and Automotive Modes only.
Display Tab
Main Menu—enables the main menu tabs to contain text and icons
(default) or text tabs only.
Color Mode—sets the screen to a Day, Night, or Auto display.
Auto switches from day to night at sunset and changes back at
sunrise.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Backlight Intensity—turns the backlight up or down. Press the
ROCKER right to increase the intensity or left to decrease.
To restore the display to default settings:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Display from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Press MENU.
4. Highlight Restore Defaults, and press ENTER.
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MAIN MENU > SOUND TAB
Sound Tab
The Sound tab allows you to customize the sounds your
GPSMAP 396 makes to suit your needs.
To view the Sound tab:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Sound from the vertical list of tabs.
Voice Prompt—sets the vocal prompt to operate for Guidance and
Status, Route Guidance Only, or No Voice Prompts.
Terrain Audio (Aviation Mode)—turns audible terrain alerts on
and off. Also enables or disables the audible “Five hundred” altitude
reminder that occurs when you descend through 500 feet above the
destination airport.
TIS Audio (Aviation Mode)—turns audible TIS traffic alerts on
and off.
Audio Volume—sets the external speaker volume (when used).
Press the ROCKER right to increase the volume or left to decrease.
Sound Tab
Beeper—sets the beeper to chime during key presses and alarms
(Key and Alarm) or Alarms Only.
Attention Tone—turns the attention tone that sounds before the
vocal prompts on and off.
114
Audio Jack—sets the type of audio signal generated from the unit's
external audio jack. Use Line Out (default) to connect to your
headsets or audio panel. Use Headphones for connecting directly to
a pair of personal stereo headphones.
To restore the sound to defaults:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight Sound from the vertical list of tabs.
3. Press MENU.
4. Highlight Restore Defaults, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Setup Tab
To customize how your GPSMAP 396 operates, adjust certain
system settings in the Main Menu.
System Sub Tab
To open the System tab, press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select System from the
row of tabs along the top of the page.
Text Language—allows you to select from various languages for
the unit’s pages and menus.
WAAS—allows you to Disable and Enable WAAS from this field.
External Power Off—allows you to select whether the
GPSMAP 396 remains on (Stay On) or the unit turns off (Turn Off)
when external power is removed from the unit.
External Power On—allows you to turn the GPSMAP 396 on
(Turn On) or charge the battery (Charge Battery) when external
power is applied to the unit.
VNAV Sub Tab
System Setup Tab
System Mode—sets the unit to operate in Normal Mode, Battery
Saver Mode, or Simulator Mode (for practice ONLY).
The VNAV sub tab on the Main Menu provides settings for the
vertical navigation feature. These settings create a three-dimensional
profile that guides you from your present location and altitude to a
final (target) altitude at a specified location. More information on
VNAV is available on page 41.
Usage Mode—sets the unit to the mode you want.
Speed Filter—allows the unit to average speed readings. Choose
from Off, Auto (automatically controls filtering), or On (allows you
to enter a value in seconds).
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
VNAV Sub Tab
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MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Road Routing Sub Tab
Use the Road Routing sub tab to select road routing settings.
To access the Road Routing sub tab
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to select the Setup tab.
3. Press right on the ROCKER to select the Road Routing sub
tab.
Route Preference—allows the unit to calculate a route for:
• Faster Time—routes calculated are faster to drive, but can be
longer in distance.
• Shorter Distance—routes calculated are shorter in distance
but can take more time to drive.
• Off Road—creates a direct line from your current location
to your destination. This is useful when you are travelling
outside of detailed map coverage areas or where no roads
exist.
Ask My Preference—determines whether you are asked to select a
route preference before route calculations.
Calculation Method—sets how the unit searches for the route.
Road Routing Sub Tab
116
• Quickest Calculation—calculates the route the quickest, but
it might not produce the best route.
• Quick Calculation—takes more time to calculate, but
generates a better quality route.
• Better Route—generates an even better quality route, but
uses a longer calculation time.
• Best Route—generates the most optimal route, but takes the
longest time to calculate.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Calculate Routes for—sets route calculation for the particular
vehicle you are operating to optimize the route for your vehicle type,
some roads have vehicle-based restrictions.
Avoid—allows you to avoid certain road types and maneuvers on
your route. The unit uses these road types only if alternative routes
take you too far out of your way or if no other road is available.
Custom Avoids—allows you to enter specific areas and roads that
you would like to avoid in your navigation. Refer to page 66 for
information on creating custom avoids.
Custom Road Prefs—allows you to avoid or use Major, Medium,
and Minor roads using a slider scale. This is especially nice if you
want to avoid major highways, for example.
Guidance Sub Tab
To open the Guidance sub tab, press MENU twice to open the Main
Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select Guidance
from the row of tabs along the top of the page.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Guidance Sub Tab
Off-Route Recalculation—allows you to set whether the unit
prompts you when it is recalculating your route (Prompted), or
whether the unit recalculates automatically. You can also set whether
the unit announces the recalculation (Automatic - Announced) or
recalculates silently (Automatic - Silent). You can also turn route
recalculation Off.
Next Turn—turns the Next Turn window Off, or opens the window
when you hold Direct To , opens automatically (Automatically
Only), or Both.
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MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Timers Sub Tab
To open the Timers sub tab, press MENU twice, select Setup from
the vertical tab list, and Timers from the row of tabs along the top.
Time Sub Tab
The Time sub tab allows you to set the time format and time zone.
You can also set the unit to conform to Daylight Saving Time. The
current time and date is shown at the bottom of the page.
To open the Time sub tab, press MENU twice to open the Main
Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select Time from
the row of tabs along the top of the page.
Timers Sub Tab
User—allows you to set the timer to Count Up or Count Down.
You can also Reset the timer and turn it Off.
Marine—shows on the Compass Page in Marine Mode. See
page 93.
Fuel Tank—allows you to set a reminder for switching fuel tanks.
The reminder message repeats at the specified interval after the
beginning of each trip.
Since Midnight—allows you to view the time the unit has been
turned on since midnight. This resets if you restore All Unit
Defaults from the System tab.
118
Time Sub Tab
Time Zone—allows you to choose your correct time zone so the
GPSMAP 396 shows the correct local time. Select Other to enter a
UTC Offset.
If the incorrect date is shown, press MENU, highlight Set Date, and
press ENTER. Enter the current year. The GPSMAP 396 uses this
information when gathering satellite data to show the correct date.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Units Sub Tab
Location Sub Tab
Distance and Speed—select the unit to show your speed and
distance traveled.
Location Format Sub Tab
The Units sub tab allows you to customize measurement units for
the entire system. To open the Units sub tab, press MENU twice to
open the Main Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then
select Units from the row of tabs along the top of the page.
Refer to the “Appendix” of this guide for more information about
location formats and map datums. Also visit the National Imagery
and Mapping Agency at www.nima.mil for more information on
grids and datums.
Direction Display—select the unit to show your direction. Mils is a
unit of angle measurement used in military settings, in which 17.78
mils equal one degree.
Changing the Location Format coordinates the system in which
a given location reading is shown. The default format is latitude
and longitude in degrees, minutes, and thousandths of a minute
(hddd°mm.mmm).
Temperature—select the unit to show the temperature.
Map Datum Sub Tab
Altitude—select the unit to show your altitude.
Depth—select the unit to show the depth.
Vertical Speed—select the unit to show your vertical speed.
Pressure—select the unit to show the pressure.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Datums are used to describe geographic locations for surveying,
mapping, and navigation and are not actual maps built in the unit.
The default setting is WGS 84. The unit automatically chooses the
best datum based on your chosen position format.
WARNING: Selecting the wrong map datum can result in
substantial location errors. You should only change the location
format if you are using a map or chart that specifies a different
location format or map datum or want to use a format you are
familiar with.When in doubt, use the default WGS 84 datum for
best overall performance.
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MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Selecting a Different Heading Reference
You can select from Auto Mag Var, True, Grid, and User Mag
Var. Auto Mag Var provides magnetic north heading references
that are automatically determined from your current location. True
provides headings based on a true north reference. Grid provides
headings based on a grid north reference (and is used in conjunction
with the grid position formats).
User Mag Var allows you to specify the magnetic variation at your
current location and provides magnetic north heading references
based on the variation you enter. Enter the magnetic variation of
your current location in the Magnetic Variation field if you have
selected User Mag Var for the heading.
WARNING: If you select User Mag Var, the unit does not
automatically calculate and update the magnetic variation at
your present location. You must update the magnetic variation as
your location changes. Failure to update this setting can result in
substantial differences between the information shown on your
unit and external references, such as a magnetic compass.
Welcome Sub Tab
The Welcome sub tab allows you to enter information, such as your
name and address, that the unit can show when it is turned on. This
feature can be helpful if your unit is ever misplaced.
To open the Welcome sub tab, press MENU twice to open the Main
Menu. Select Setup from the vertical tab list. Then select Welcome
from the row of tabs along the top of the page.
Welcome Sub Tab
Enter the information in the fields. You do not need to enter
information in every field.
To show this information at start up, highlight the box next to Show
at Power-up. Press ENTER to place a check mark in the box. To
hide the welcome information at start up, remove the check mark
from the box.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Interface Sub Tab
The Interface sub tab controls the input/output format used when
connecting your unit to external devices. To open the Interface sub
tab, press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Select Setup from
the vertical tab list. Highlight and select the Serial Data Format you
want.
Interface Sub Tab
Serial Data Format—sets the data format to one of the following:
• Garmin Data Transfer—the proprietary format used to
exchange data with a PC or another Garmin GPSMAP 396.
Garmin Data Transfer is disabled when the USB is connected
and the unit automatically switches to USB format. When
the USB is disconnected, the USB field changes to Transfer
Mode.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
• GARMIN DGPS—used to connect the GPSMAP 396 with a
Garmin DGPS beacon receiver.
• Garmin Remote Sonar—supports the input/output of a
Garmin remote sonar device.
• NMEA In/NMEA Out—supports the input/output of
standard NMEA 0183 version 3.01 data and sonar NMEA
input support for the DPT, MTW, and VHW sentences.
• Aviation In—the proprietary format used for connection
to a Garmin panel-mounted GPS receiver. Allows the
GPSMAP 396 to show a Go To or route selected on the panelmounted GPS receiver. This eliminates the need to enter the
destination on both units.
• Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out—receives aviation data
and transmits out both NMEA data, at 9600 baud, and VHF
frequency tuning information to a Garmin Nav/Comm radio.
See page 146.
• TIS In—receives TIS data from a Garmin Mode S
transponder. See page 146.
• TIS In/NMEA & VHF Out—receives TIS data and transmits
out both NMEA data, at 9600 baud, and VHF frequency
tuning information to a Garmin Nav/Comm radio. See
page 146.
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MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
• RTCM In—allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input using a
standard RTCM format.
• RTCM In/NMEA Out—allows Differential GPS (DGPS)
input using a standard RTCM format and also provides
NMEA 0183 version 3.01 output.
• RTCM In/Text Out—allows Differential GPS (DGPS) input
using a standard RTCM format and also outputs simple text
data that includes, data, time, location, and velocity.
• Text Out—allows the unit to output simple text data that
includes, data, time, location, and velocity. The Baud can be
set to 1200, 2400, 4800, or 9600.
• None—provides no interfacing capabilities.
If you select GARMIN DGPS or RTCM In/NMEA Out format,
you can control a differential beacon receiver directly from your
GPSMAP 396 using the Interface sub tab. You can have the unit
automatically scan for the DGPS beacon signal, or you can enter
the beacon frequency and bit rate on the unit, and the information is
used to tune the beacon receiver. If you use a DGPS receiver, WAAS
capability is automatically turned off.
122
To have the unit automatically scan for a frequency:
1. With the unit set to GARMIN DGPS or RTCM In/NMEA Out,
use the ROCKER to highlight the Beacon field and press
ENTER.
2. Highlight Scan, and press ENTER. The numbers in the
Frequency field change as the unit scans from 284 kHz to
325 kHz, 200 bit rate, then 100, at 6-second intervals.
Highlight Scan
and press
Enter
Shows the
status of the
scan
Interface tab of the Setup tab with GARMIN DGPS selected
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
The Status field shows one of the following:
• Tuning—the unit is attempting to tune to the specified
frequency and bit rate.
• Scanning—the unit is automatically scanning through the
frequencies and bit rates.
• Receiving—the unit is receiving DGPS signal and ready for
operation.
• Check Wiring—the unit is not making connection with
DGPS receiver.
To restart the scan:
1. Press MENU.
2. Highlight Restart Scan, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
To manually enter a frequency and bit rate:
1. With the unit set to GARMIN DGPS or RTCM In/NMEA Out,
use the ROCKER to highlight the Beacon field, and press
ENTER.
2. Highlight User, and press ENTER.
3. Highlight the Frequency or Bit Rate field, press ENTER, and
enter a frequency or bit rate. Press ENTER when done.
When the unit is receiving a DGPS signal, the SNR (Signal to Noise
Ratio) and Distance fields show data. The SNR range is 0 dB to 30
dB, with 30 being the best. The Distance may or may not show data,
based on the signal being broadcast from the DGPS site.
The DGPS beacon transmitters are operated by the United States
Coast Guard (or similar government agency in other countries),
which is responsible for their accuracy and maintenance. For DGPS
transmitter problems or to find the most updated list of frequencies
and coverage areas, contact your local USCG or see their Web site at
www.navcen.uscg.mil/.
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MAIN MENU > SETUP TAB
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
If you are going to interface the GPSMAP 396 with another piece of
equipment (such as a radar or autopilot), the unit needs to be set to
output NMEA data. The NMEA data transmission can be customized
to keep the output rate at two seconds. If too many NMEA sentences
are selected the unit can take longer than two seconds to update. You
can also set the rate to Fast to output a minimum number of NMEA
sentences at 1-second intervals.
To access the Advanced NMEA Output Setup:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
124
Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
Use the ROCKER to select Setup from the vertical tab list.
Select Interface from the row of tabs along the top.
Highlight the field below Serial Data Format. Press ENTER.
Select NMEA In/NMEA Out. Press ENTER.
Press MENU to open the options menu. Select Advanced
NMEA Setup, and press ENTER.
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
The Advanced NMEA Output Setup Page allows you to set the
output rate, change the precision of the Lat/Lon minutes, set
Waypoint IDs to names or numbers, as well as turn on and off the
GPS status, the GARMIN Proprietary sentences, and Waypoint/
Route (WPL, RTE).
GPSMAP 396 NMEA Sentence Output (NMEA version 3.01
compliant):
• Always transmitted: GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGLL, GPBWC,
GPVTG, GPXTE, GPRMB
• Switchable sentences: GPGSA, GPGSV, GPWPL, GPRTE
• GARMIN proprietary: PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM, PGRMH
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
USING XM WEATHER > VIEWING AND FINDING XM WX WEATHER
USING XM WX WEATHER
This section describes how to use XM WX Weather with your
GPSMAP 396. If you do not have a subscription to XM WX
Weather, the features described in this section work only when the
GPSMAP 396 is in Simulator Mode (see page 11). In addition, you
must have your GXM 30/30A antenna plugged into the USB port on
the back of the unit to receive the XM signal.
Viewing XM WX Weather
From the Map Page, you can turn weather information on or off.
To turn XM Weather on or off on the Map Page:
Press and hold MENU/Wx to toggle XM Weather on or off.
OR
Press MENU, select Hide (Show) Weather, and then press
ENTER.
NOTE: You must have a subscription to XM WX Weather to use
features described in this section. For more information about
subscribing to XM WX Weather, see page 178.
You can view XM WX Weather on your GPSMAP 396 in one of
three ways:
• To view all weather information on the map, use the Map
Page.
• To view a specific weather feature such as NEXRAD Radar or
Storm Cells, for example, you can use the Weather tab on the
Main Menu. For more information, see page 101.
• To view current weather conditions and forecast information
for your current location or a specific location, use the
Weather Data option on the Find menu. For more information,
see page 132.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Map Page with XM WX Weather turned on
NOTE: XM Weather data is not saved between power cycles in
the unit . If the GPSMAP 396 is turned off, the unit must reload
the data.
125
USING XM WEATHER > SETTING XM WX WEATHER OPTIONS
Setting XM WX Weather Options
Use the options menu on the Map Page to adjust the way weather
items appear on the Map Page. Four tabs—Weather, Avtn Wx, Srfc
Wx, and Mrn Wx—allow you to adjust what weather items appear
on the Map Page, and the zoom range at which they appear. For
detailed information about specific weather features, see the
GXM 30/30/30A Owner’s Manual.
To set up weather options on the Map Page:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU to open the options menu.
2. Highlight Set Up Map, and press ENTER.
You can view a specific weather feature, such as NEXRAD Radar
or Storm cells, through the Weather Explorer tab on the Main Menu.
For more information, see page 101.
Map Page Options Menu
3. Press left or right on the ROCKER to highlight the Weather,
Avtn Wx, Srfc Wx, or Mrn Wx tab.
4. Press up or down on the ROCKER to highlight the field you
want to change, and press ENTER.
5. Press PAGE or QUIT to exit.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
USING XM WEATHER > SETTING XM WX WEATHER OPTIONS
Weather Explorer Tab
Use the Weather Explorer tab on the Map Setup tab on the Map Page
to turn XM WX Weather data on or off, and to set the zoom range at
which the information first appears on the Map Page.
Avtn Wx Tab
Use the Avtn Wx tab to set the zoom range at which aviation
weather information first appears on the Map Page.
Avtn Wx Tab
Weather Explorer tab
Weather Data—toggles XM WX Weather data on or off on the Map
Page.
METAR, AIRMET, SIGMET—sets the zoom range at which each
feature first appears on-screen. Select Auto, Off, or 20 ft to 800 nm.
NEXRAD Radar, Satellite Mosaic, Lightning, Storm Cells,
Hurricanes—sets the zoom range at which the feature first appears
on-screen. Select Auto, Off, or 20 ft to 800 nm.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
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USING XM WEATHER > SETTING XM WX WEATHER OPTIONS
Srfc Wx Tab
Use the Srfc Wx tab to set the zoom range at which surface weather
information first appears on the Map Page.
Srfc Wx Tab
Surface Winds, Surface Pressure, Fronts, Visibility, County
Warnings—sets the zoom range at which each feature first appears
on-screen. Select Auto, Off, or 20 ft to 800 nm.
128
Mrn Wx Tab
Use the Mrn Wx tab on the Map Page Options to set up marine
weather options.
Mrn Wx Tab
Water Temperature, Wave Period, Wave Direction, Wave
Height, Marine Warnings—sets the zoom range at which each
feature first appears on-screen. Select Auto, Off, or 20 ft to 800 nm.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
USING XM WEATHER > USING THE WEATHER TAB
Using the Weather Tab
Use the Weather tab to view individual weather items without
turning all other weather features on or off. For example, you can
select Storm Cells to view only storm cells on the Map window
that appears on the Weather tab. When you close the Main Menu
and return to the Map Page, all of your previously selected weather
features still appear on the Map Page.
Based on which mode you are in, different options might appear.
Use the In and Out keys to zoom in or out on the map.
Weather information type
3. Press right on the ROCKER to highlight the Weather
Information Type field.
4. Press up or down on the ROCKER to select (scroll through)
the weather information type you want to view. The map
refreshes to show only the selected information type.
From the Weather tab, you can view the current conditions or
forecast on the map for the next 12, 24, 36, or 48 hours.
To view the forecast map:
1. In the Weather Information Type field, press up or down on
the ROCKER to highlight Forecast. The Map window shows
the forecast on in the Map window.
Map
window
Weather Explorer tab with
Storm Cells
To view a specific XM WX Weather Information Type:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight the Weather Explorer tab.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Age of the
weather report
Forecast Map
2. Press right on the ROCKER to highlight the field to the right
of Forecast, and press ENTER to display a list of forecast
options.
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USING XM WEATHER > USING THE WEATHER TAB
3. Highlight the forecast you want to view—Current, 12 Hour,
24 Hour, 36 Hour, or 48 Hour, and press ENTER. The Map
window on the Weather Explorer tab is updated with forecast
information for the time you selected.
The age of the weather report appears in the bottom-left corner of
the Map window on the Weather Explorer tab.
To pan the map:
Press and hold the MENU/Wx key, or press MENU, highlight
Show Map Pointer, and press ENTER. The panning arrow
appears so you can pan the map to view other map areas.
Weather Options
Use the options menu on the Weather Explorer tab to select weather
options for the Map window on the Weather Explorer tab.
Animate Weather (Stop Animation)—animates NEXRAD Radar
and Satellite Mosaic weather. When selected, a series of frames
appears, each displaying a different time in the lower left-corner of
the map. Up to six frames appear, beginning with the oldest to the
most current weather data.
Show Map Pointer—allows you to switch from pan mode to
pointer mode and display the map pointer in the map area so you can
pan the map.
Weather Legend—shows the color legend for Radar, Fronts,
METARs, County Warnings, and Other features. Press right or left
on the ROCKER to view each weather legend.
To select weather options:
1. Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu.
2. Highlight the Weather Explorer tab, and press MENU.
Declutter On (Off)—allows you to toggle unwanted weather items
on or off on the Map window.
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Weather Legend
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
USING XM WEATHER > USING THE WEATHER TAB
Viewing Additional XM WX Weather Information
The XM Tab contains the Information sub tab. Use the Information
sub tab to view the radio ID, service level information, and weather
products available on your XM subscription.
Accessing GXM 30/30A Antenna Information
To view information about your GXM 30/30A antenna:
1. From any page, press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Press up or down on the ROCKER to select the XM tab.
3. Press right on the ROCKER to select the Information sub
tab.
4. Press MENU.
5. With Antenna Information highlighted, press ENTER. A
window appears displaying the software version loaded to
your GXM antenna.
Information Sub Tab
The Information sub tab contains the following information:
Radio ID—contains the eight-digit ID number of the radio built into
the GXM 30/30A. This is the number to provide to XM to activate
your XM subscription.
Service Level—shows the XM WX Weather subscription plan you
purchased.
6. Press ENTER to close the window.
Weather Products—shows a list of all weather features you can
access based on your subscription plan. Shows age of weather data
in minutes.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
131
USING XM WEATHER > FINDING WEATHER INFORMATION
Finding Weather Information
You can use the Find menu to access weather information for your
current location or from another location on the map. By selecting
the Weather Data option on the Find menu, you can view the current
conditions, forecast information, sea surface conditions, and weather
bulletins. For more information about the Find menu, see “Finding
an Item” beginning on page 57.
3. Highlight the Forecast tab to view the weather forecast for
your current location.
Forecast high
temperature
Chance of
precipitation
Forecast low
temperature
To find weather information for your current location:
1. From any page, press FIND.
2. Select Weather Data, and press ENTER. The Weather From
Current Location Page appears.
Weather Forecast
4. Highlight the Sea Surface tab to view sea surface
information.
Weather From Current Location
Sea Surface Information
132
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
USING XM WEATHER > FINDING WEATHER INFORMATION
5. Highlight the Bulletin tab to view marine weather bulletins.
You can find weather forecast information for a different location.
To find weather data for a different location:
1. Press MENU on the Weather From Current Location Page.
2. With Near Other highlighted, press ENTER.
Marine Weather Bulletins
You can highlight a weather bulletin and press ENTER to view the
full text of the marine weather bulletin.
3. Move the map pointer to a different location, and press
ENTER. The Weather From (New Location) Page appears
with weather information for the selected location.
4. Press MENU, highlight Near Current Location, and then
press ENTER to return to the forecast for your current
location.
Marine Weather Bulletin
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
133
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > SHOWING SONAR ON THE MAP PAGE
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR
This section covers the additional sonar options for the
GPSMAP 396 when used in conjunction with a GSD 20 or GSD 21
Sounder Module. Read the GSD 20/GSD 21 Installation Instructions
to properly install the sounder module. When you turn on your
GPSMAP 396, the GSD 20/GSD 21 automatically turns on.
3. Press MENU. Use the ROCKER to highlight Set up Page
Layout, and press ENTER.
4. Highlight Map with Sonar, and press ENTER.
NOTE: You MUST have a GSD 20 or GSD 21 installed and
connected to your GPSMAP 396 to use the sonar features.
The Sonar Page is added to the end of the page sequence when you
are in Marine Mode. To view the Sonar Page, press PAGE or QUIT
repeatedly until it is shown.
Showing Sonar on the Map Page
You can change the layout of the Map Page to show a split screen to
show the sonar and Map Page. You must be in Marine Mode to use
the sonar feature.
To show the Sonar Page on the Map Page:
1. Press and hold PAGE. Highlight Marine, and press ENTER.
2. Press PAGE or QUIT to show the Map Page.
134
Map Page with Split Screen
To resize the Map Page sonar split screen:
1. After displaying the Sonar and Map Page together in the split
screen, as described in the previous steps, press MENU.
2. Highlight Size Split, and press ENTER.
3. Use the ROCKER to move the vertical double-arrow right or
left until the screen is divided how you want it.
4. Press ENTER to complete the size split.
5. To stop resizing the screen, simply press QUIT. You can also
press MENU, highlight Stop Resizing, and press ENTER to
stop resizing the screen and retain the previous split setting.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > USING THE SONAR PAGE
Using the Sonar Page
When combined with a GSD 20 or GSD 21 Sounder Module, your
GPSMAP 396 becomes a powerful fishfinder/flasher with the Sonar
Page. If a GSD 20 or GSD 21 is attached, but the unit does not
detect a transducer, a “Sonar Turned Off” message appears across
the Sonar Page. If a GSD 20 or GSD 21 is not attached, the Sonar
Page only appears when the unit is in Simulator Mode.
The middle of the page contains a right-to-left moving sonar image
of the water beneath your boat. Items appear as they pass under your
transducer. Those items on the right side of the screen are closer
to you than those on the left. Along the right side of the screen is
an adjustable scale that reflects the depth of the area being shown.
The top left corner shows the Adjustment Option, the depth, and the
water temperature.
The sonar returns show as red (strongest), then orange (strong),
yellow (medium), green (weaker), and blue (weakest). The Fish
Symbols option allows you to view the actual sonar data, a fish
symbol or a combination of both. When the unit is set to Dual, the
appearance of the fish symbols changes. Fish symbols from the
center of the beam (200 kHz) are solid (or narrow arches), but the
returns from the edges of the beam (50 kHz) are hollow (or wide
arches).
The Sonar Page can also be set to show a split screen view of a
zoomed portion of the sonar, bottom lock (screen scaled from the
bottom up), or a combination of these options. For example, you
can choose to show dual frequency at a 2X zoom (Dual 2X) on one
half and normal range dual frequency (Dual) on the other half. The
current display mode is shown at the bottom of each sonar screen.
Sonar Page
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
135
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > USING THE SONAR PAGE
Adjusting the Sonar Page
The Adjustment Menu allows direct access to the settings and
features most commonly used on the Sonar Page. There are ten main
adjustment options available: Range, Zoom, View, Gain, Target
Level, Whiteline, Frequency, Depth Line, Noise Reject and Scroll.
Use the ROCKER and ENTER keys to make all adjustments. The
currently selected option appears in the upper left corner.
To select an adjustment option:
Use one of the following methods to select an adjustment option:
• Press the ROCKER right or left to scroll through the
adjustment options. When the adjustment option is shown,
press ENTER.
• Press MENU, highlight Adjustments, and press ENTER.
Use the ROCKER to highlight the adjustment, and press
ENTER.
When you have selected an adjustment option, press the ROCKER
up or down to change the setting.
Adjustment Options
Sonar Adjustments
Scroll—adjusts the rate that the sonar screen scrolls from right to
left. If you are sitting still or the sonar screen is moving too fast,
slow the scroll rate or pause the scrolling.
Range—sets the depth range used for viewing. The unit can be set
to automatically track the bottom or set to a user-specified depth
range.
You can also press MENU, and highlight the shortcut setting to
quickly change to commonly used settings/values.
Press ENTER to accept the new setting (or press QUIT to cancel)
and return to the Sonar Page.
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GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > USING THE SONAR PAGE
Zoom—used to quickly select a zoom scale or to split the screen.
When a scale other than No Zoom is selected, the Adjustment Menu
shows a new selection labeled View or Span. The Zoom function is
divided into six levels:
• 2X Split—shows two reduced-size sonar pictures at the same
time. The right half of the screen shows the complete sonar
picture at its original scale. The left half shows a portion of
the original picture at 1/2 depth scale.
• 2X Zoom—shows the 2X zoomed picture on the full screen.
• 4X Split—shows two reduced pictures, the right at the
original depth scale and the left at 1/4 the original depth scale.
• 4X Zoom—shows the 4X zoomed picture on the full screen.
• Btm (Bottom) Split—shows two reduced pictures, the right
at the original depth scale and the left showing sonar returns
from the bottom up. All target depths read as a distance from
the bottom.
• Btm (Bottom) Lock—shows returns from the bottom up on
the full screen.
NOTE: Quickly zoom in and out of the Sonar Page by pressing
the In and Out keys. Stop the zoom function by pressing the
Out key until the No Zoom setting appears.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
View/Span—available when a Zoom scale other than No Zoom is
selected. The View or Span setting is used to change the viewing range
of a zoomed screen. If the screen is 2X or 4X split, only the zoomed
portion on the left side of the screen is affected by the change. If the
screen is Bottom Split or Bottom Lock, Span adjusts how far off the
bottom the unit shows data.
Gain—allows you to control the sensitivity of the unit’s receiver,
which provides flexibility in what is shown. To see more detail,
increase the receiver sensitivity by selecting a higher gain. If there is
too much detail or if the screen is cluttered, select a lower gain.
Target Level—adjusts which colors are used to show sonar
information. A Color Bar appears on the right side of the screen as
you adjust this setting. A higher percentage results in more strongsignaled colors shown on the sonar screen. A lower percentage
results in more weaker-signaled colors shown on the sonar screen.
This setting does not increase or decrease the unit Gain.
Whiteline—controls how the unit shows information about the
bottom type (hard or soft). With the Whiteline Off, the bottom return
shows as red. Set Whiteline at Normal or 1–100% to determine
bottom hardness. See page 144 for more information.
Frequency—allows you to choose a transducer frequency.
Frequency refers to the “pitch” of the sound that the transducer
sends and receives.
137
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > USING THE SONAR PAGE
Depth Line—adds a horizontal depth line across the screen that is
used to measure the depth of underwater objects. The depth of the
line appears in a box on the right side of the line. Press up or down
on the ROCKER to move the line on the Sonar Page.
Noise Reject—helps filter unwanted noise from the Sonar Page.
The Noise Reject can be turned Off, set to Normal (automatically
adjusts for optimum viewing) or to a fixed 1–100% setting. When
setting the Noise Reject, remember that a higher noise rejection
setting is less likely to show fish or structures.
Resizing the Split Screen
You can adjust the way the split screen is shown. This option is only
available when a zoom scale other than No Zoom is selected.
To resize the Sonar Page split screen:
1. From the Sonar Page split screen, press MENU.
2. Using the ROCKER , highlight Size Split, and press ENTER.
3. Move the horizontal double-arrow left or right using the
ROCKER until the vertical width line shows, then press
ENTER.
4. If you want to cancel this operation, press QUIT or press
MENU, highlight Stop Resizing, and press ENTER.
138
Using the Pointer on the Sonar Page
You can show the pointer (arrow) to reference sonar items and
mark underwater waypoints. This makes it easier to find and use an
object such as a stump for a future fishing location. When using this
feature, the Sonar Page pauses. The depth continues to update while
the screen pauses, but the unit does not show any new sonar data
until the Sonar Page resumes scrolling.
To mark an underwater waypoint:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU, highlight Show Pointer,
and press ENTER.
2. Use the ROCKER to move the pointer to the location you
want to mark. Press ENTER. The New Map Waypoint Page
appears.
3. To change the name, symbol, or depth, highlight the
appropriate field and press ENTER. Make your changes, and
press ENTER when done.
4. When finished, highlight OK, and press ENTER.
5. To return to the standard Sonar Page, press QUIT; or press
MENU, highlight Hide Pointer, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > SETTING UP THE SONAR PAGE
Setting Up the Sonar Page
Use the Sonar tab in the Main Menu to set up the Sonar Page. Press
MENU two times to open the Main Menu. Select Sonar from the
vertical row of tabs on the left, then select Setup from the row of
tabs along the top of the screen.
Depth Number—select how efficient the digital depth update rate
is. Fast Sonar update updates quicker and is recommended for lownoise water deeper than 50 feet. Auto is best for shallow water or
high-noise areas, has a slower screen update, and is best used if you
travel a wide variety of depths.
If the unit is unable to track the bottom for any reason, the digits in
the depth window flash on and off to alert you that the unit is not
tracking the bottom.
Sonar Tab of the Main Menu
Fish Symbols—select how the Sonar Page shows underwater targets
and background information. If you select Off, the unit shows all
of the available information about the underwater environment. If
you select a fish symbol, the Sonar Page shows only the information
related to that symbol.
Water Type—select the proper water type you are boating in. Since
sound waves travel through Fresh and Salt water at different rates, it
is necessary to select the Water Type to ensure accurate readings on
the unit.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Map Split Sonar Detail—select how much detail is shown on the
Map Page with the sonar shown. Full Range shows data using the
Range setting of the Sonar Page, regardless of Zoom or Bottom
Lock. Maximum Detail shows any Zoom or Bottom Lock data
from the Sonar Page.
Keel Offset—enter the surface reading for the depth of a keel. This
makes it possible to measure depth from the bottom of your keel
instead of from the transducer’s location. Enter a positive number
to offset for a keel. It is also possible to enter a negative number to
compensate for a large vessel that draws several feet of water. The
Keel Offset is reflected in the depth reading.
Transducer—select the type of transducer that you are using. If you
are using a speed-capable transducer/sensor, select Temp, Spd.
139
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > SETTING UP THE SONAR PAGE
Calibrating the Water Speed
If you select Temp, Spd for the Transducer option on the Sonar
Setup tab, you also need to calibrate the water speed to ensure that
the Water Speed shown on your unit is accurate. The calibration
should take place in water having little or no current.
The unit automatically uses the GPS ground speed, if it is available,
for comparison on the calibration. If a GPS ground speed is not
available, use either your boat’s speedometer reading (not always
accurate) or a stopwatch to determine your speed over a certain
distance. To find out your speed, divide the distance by the time.
To calibrate the water speed:
1. From the Sonar tab, Setup sub tab, use the ROCKER to
highlight Calibrate Water Speed, and press ENTER.
2. Bring the boat to a cruising speed. Both the top ground and
uncalibrated water speeds are shown at the bottom of the
calibration window. Note your top speed, then stop the boat,
and press ENTER.
140
Calibrating the Water Speed
3. By default, the top ground speed is automatically shown. If
a ground speed is not available, the top uncalibrated water
speed is used instead. If the new speed is correct, highlight
OK, and press ENTER.
If you want to manually enter a calibration, press ENTER
while the speed is highlighted, enter a new speed, and press
ENTER.
If the boat is not moving fast enough or the speed sensor is not
outputting a speed, “Boat Is Not Moving Fast Enough To Calibrate”
shows at the bottom of the screen. Check that the speed sensor
wheel is moving or safely increase boat speed. If there is a problem
with the speed sensor or if a speed sensor is not installed, “Water
Speed Sensor Is Not Working” appears at the bottom of the screen.
Check connections of speed sensor cables.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > SETTING UP THE SONAR PAGE
Setting Up the Sonar Display
You can set up how the sonar information is shown on the screen.
Press MENU two times to open the Main Menu. Select Sonar from
the vertical row of tabs on the left, then select Display from the row
of tabs along the top of the screen.
Flasher—select On to show a graphic Flasher representation on
the far right side of the sonar screen. This graphic Flasher shows
structure and bottom returns much the same as a true Flasher.
Temperature Graph—select On to show a temperature graph along
the bottom of the Sonar Page.
Background Color—select the color for the Sonar Page and the
sonar on the Map split.
Graphic Flasher
Sonar Display Setup Tab
Scale—select how and where you want the depth scale shown.
Color Bar—select On to show a gradient scale of the current
Target Level setting on the Sonar Setup tab.
White
Background
Temperature
Graph
Color Bar
Depth in
corners
Sonar Page with the Sonar Page Settings Changed
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
141
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > UNDERSTANDING SONAR
Understanding Sonar
The transducer mounted on your vessel transmits sound waves
toward the bottom of a lake, stream, or seabed in a cone-shaped
pattern. When a transmitted sound wave strikes an underwater
object—such as the bottom, a piece of structure, or a fish—sound is
reflected back to the transducer. The transducer collects the reflected
sound waves and sends the data to the GPSMAP 396 to be processed
and shown. The underwater data is shown on the Sonar screen in the
order that it is returned: first returned is the first on the screen.
Understanding the Sonar Display
One of the first things to understand about sonar is that the
transducer sends a beam down to the bottom of the water, much like
the beam of a flashlight. The beam starts small near your vessel and
expands as it gets to the bottom. Refer to “Transducer Coverage” for
more detailed information.
The Sonar Page does not show a three-dimensional representation of
the underwater environment; the screen is in two-dimensions, much
like if you took a picture of an aquarium. Only the depth of the item
in the water is shown. The Sonar Page does not show you where an
item is located horizontally in the water, as shown in the drawings
below. The fish is not directly above the tree in reality, but it can
look like it is on the Sonar Page.
Fish
Sonar Page
1'
Generally speaking, if the only thing between the transducer and
the bottom is water, the first strong return comes from the bottom
directly below the transducer and sets the bottom level. Weaker
secondary returns provide the detailed data. Stronger returns appear
on the screen in darker colors, with red being the strongest return.
142
10'
Tree
Tree
20'
Aerial View of the Water
Sonar Page
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > UNDERSTANDING SONAR
Transducer Coverage
The area covered by the transmitted sound waves is determined
by the cone angle of the transducer and the water depth. The wide
Coverage
cone angles (40°) associated with low frequencies (50 kHz) provide Diameter
a large coverage area for finding fish within a coverage width that
is approximately 2/3 of the water depth. However, this also means
that wide cone angles produce less bottom detail and resolution. As
shown in the drawing on the near right, the 40° cone angle produces
a coverage area of approximately a 20-foot diameter circle at a
30-foot depth.
The narrow cone angles (10°) associated with the high frequencies
(200 kHz) provide better bottom resolution and crisper detail, but
cannot show a large coverage area for finding fish. The 10° cone
angle provides a coverage width that is approximately 1/5 of the
water depth. As shown in the drawing on the far right, the 10° cone
angle produces a coverage area of approximately a 6-foot diameter
circle at a 30-foot depth.
Depth
40° Cone Angle (50 kHz)
Coverage
Diameter
Depth
10° Cone Angle (200 kHz)
Dual frequency mode combines both frequencies to get the best
coverage area and contour/depth readings.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
143
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > UNDERSTANDING SONAR
Whiteline
The GSD 20 or GSD 21 Sounder Module can help you determine
whether the bottom is hard or soft. When the sonar sound waves are
reflected back by the bottom, a hard bottom returns a stronger signal
than a soft bottom. A thin whiteline indicates a softer bottom, while
a thick whiteline indicates a harder bottom. Normally, a red line
is used to show the point where water meets the bottom. This line
follows the bottom contour, along with any significant objects lying
on the bottom. The unit uses the whiteline function to make the
bottom layer information easier to distinguish.
Thermoclines
A rough definition of a thermocline is a break in water where
the water temperature changes faster than the water above it.
Thermoclines are shown as the weakest colors.
One of the unique features offered by Garmin is See-Thru®
technology, which allows the GPSMAP 396 to hear both weak and
strong signals simultaneously so as to identify fish returns under
the toughest conditions, such as suspended in thermoclines or even
hiding near structures. See-Thru technology allows the GSD 20 or
GSD 21 Sounder Module to see through thermoclines and helps
locate fish where they live.
Thick
Whiteline: Hard
bottom
Whiteline On
144
Whiteline Off
Thermocline
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
SETTING UP AND USING SONAR > VIEWING THE SONAR TEMPERATURE TAB
Viewing the Sonar Temperature Tab
NOTE: You must be receiving proper sonar data from another
device, such as a Garmin GSD 20 or GSD 21 Sounder Module,
to view temperature information.
The Temperature sub tab provides a visual graph of water
temperature changes over a period of time. The graph reads from
right to left, so that the most recent temperature measured is shown
on the far right side of the graph. The dotted lines within the graph
indicate intervals in the temperature scale and the duration of time.
NOTE: Select TEMP for the TRANSDUCER type in the Sonar
Setup. See “Setting Up the Sonar Page” on page 139 for more
information.
Press MENU twice to open the Main Menu. Select Sonar from the
vertical row of tabs on the left, then select Temperature from the
row of tabs along the top of the screen.
Changing the Temperature Screen
The graph adjusts and shown the temperatures changes according to
the Temperature Scale and Time Duration settings.
Temperature Scale—select the degree span from the list. Select
Auto to have the unit automatically determine the best range, or
select a span of 2, 4, 6, 8 or 10 degrees.
Time Duration—set how fast or slow the temperature log scrolls:
a shorter the time duration means a faster temperature log scroll.
Select a duration from 1 minute to 2.5 hours.
Reset the Temperature Graph
To reset the scale range for the temperature graph, press MENU,
highlight Reset Auto Scale, and press ENTER. This is useful
when the scale spans a large range due to extreme temperature
changes. You can only reset the scale when you select Auto for the
Temperature Scale.
To restore the temperature graph to defaults, press MENU, highlight
Restore Default, and press ENTER.
Temperature Tab
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
145
TIS > TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE
TIS
7.0 nm
3,500 ft
(TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE)
TIS provides a graphic representation of traffic advisory information
in the cockpit for non-TCAS equipped aircraft. TIS is a groundbased service providing relative location of all ATCRBS (Air Traffic
Control Radar Beacon System) Mode A and Mode C transponderequipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS ground
sensor uses real-time track reports to generate traffic notification.
TIS Traffic is available to aircraft equipped with a Mode S Data
Link such as the Garmin GTX 330 Transponder. TIS Traffic from
a GTX 330 Transponder can then be shown on the GPSMAP 396.
Surveillance data includes all transponder-equipped aircraft within
the coverage volume. Aircraft without an operating transponder
are invisible to TIS. TIS shows up to eight traffic targets within
7 nautical miles horizontally from 3,000 feet below to 3,500 feet
above the requesting aircraft. Refer to page 158 for information on
connecting your GPSMAP 396 to a GTX 330 Mode S transponder.
NOTE: How TCAS differs from TIS—the main difference
between TIS and TCAS is the source of surveillance data. TCAS
uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second update rate,
while TIS uses the terminal Mode S ground interrogator and its
Data Link to provide about a five-second update rate. The range
accuracy of TIS and TCAS is similar.
146
3,000 ft
TIS Coverage Volume (not to scale)
WARNING: TIS is NOT intended to be used as a collision
avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot responsibility
to “see and avoid” other aircraft. TIS should not be used for
avoidance maneuvers. TIS is intended only to assist in visual
acquisition of other aircraft in VMC. Avoidance maneuvers are
not recommended, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS
alert.
While TIS is a useful aid to visual traffic avoidance, it has some
system limitations that must be fully understood to ensure proper
use. Many of these limitations are inherent in secondary radar
surveillance. In other words, the information provided by TIS
will be no better than that provided to ATC.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
TIS > TIS LIMITATIONS
TIS Limitations
TIS is NOT intended to be used as a collision avoidance system
and does not relieve the pilot responsibility to “see and avoid”
other aircraft. TIS should not be used for avoidance maneuvers
during IMC or other times when there is no visual contact with the
intruder aircraft. TIS is intended only to assist in visual acquisition
of other aircraft in VMC. No recommended avoidance maneuvers
are provided for, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS display or
TIS advisory.
While TIS is a useful aid to visual traffic avoidance, it has some
system limitations that must be fully understood to ensure proper
use. Many of these limitations are inherent in secondary radar
surveillance. In other words, the information provided by TIS will
be no better than that provided to ATC. TIS only shows aircraft with
operating transponders installed.
TIS relies on surveillance of the Mode S radar, which is a
“secondary surveillance” radar similar to the ATCRBS. TIS
operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
TIS is dependent on two-way, “line-of-sight” communications
between the aircraft and the Mode S radar.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Whenever the structure of the client aircraft comes between the
transponder antenna (usually located on the underside of the aircraft)
and the ground-based radar antenna, the signal may be temporarily
interrupted. Other limitations and anomalies associated with TIS are
described in the AIM, Section 1-3-5. Refer to page 158 for wiring
information.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical
coverage. Operation of the ground stations is the responsibility
of the FAA. Refer to the Aeronautical Information Manual for a
Terminal Mode S Radar Site Map covering the U.S.
NOTE: TIS is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas of the
U.S., particularly in mountainous regions. Also, when flying near
the “floor” of radar coverage in a particular area, intruders below
the client aircraft may not be detected by TIS.
147
TIS > TIS LIMITATIONS
TIS information is collected one radar scan prior to the scan during
which the uplink occurs. Therefore, the surveillance information
is approximately 5 seconds old. In order to present the intruders
in a “real time” position, the TIS ground station uses a “predictive
algorithm” in its tracking software. This algorithm uses track
history data to extrapolate intruders to their expected positions
consistent with the time of display in the cockpit. Occasionally,
aircraft maneuvering causes this algorithm to induce errors in the
GPSMAP 396 screen. These errors primarily affect relative bearing
information and traffic target track vector (it will lag); intruder
distance and altitude remains relatively accurate and may be used to
assist in “see and avoid.” Some of the more common examples of
these errors include:
• When client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or
abruptly, the tracking algorithm can report incorrect horizontal
position until the maneuvering aircraft stabilizes.
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that crosses the
client aircraft course at a shallow angle (either overtaking or
head on) and either aircraft abruptly changes course within
¼ nm, TIS may show the intruder on the opposite side of the
client than it actually is.
148
These are relatively rare occurrences and are corrected in a few
radar scans once the course has stabilized.
Users of TIS can render valuable assistance in the correction
of malfunctions by reporting their observations of undesirable
performance. Reporters should identify the time of observation,
location, type and identity of aircraft, and describe the condition
observed; the type of transponder processor and software in use can
also be useful information. Since TIS performance is monitored
by maintenance personnel rather than ATC, it is suggested that
malfunctions be reported in the following ways:
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS)
facility.
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report, a
postage-paid card designed for this purpose. These cards can
be obtained at FAA FSSs, General Aviation District Offices,
Flight Standards District Offices, and General Aviation Fixed
Based Operations.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
TIS > TIS SYMBOLOGY
The GPSMAP 396 supports TIS input from a Garmin Mode S
transponder, such as the GTX 330.
To configure TIS input:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press MENU twice. The Main Menu appears.
Highlight the Setup tab.
Use the ROCKER to select the Interface sub tab.
Highlight the Serial Data Format field, and use the ROCKER
to select TIS In.
The status field indicates one of the following messages:
• Waiting For Data—searching for a valid TIS data stream.
• Data Available—receiving TIS data from the transponder.
• Data Unavailable—connection to transponder established,
but TIS service is unavailable.
• Lost Connection—an error occurred or the connection to the
transponder was lost.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
TIS Symbology
TIS traffic is shown on the GPSMAP 396 according to TCAS
symbology, graphically shown on an alert window, and on the
moving Map Page. A Traffic Advisory (TA) symbol appears as a
solid yellow circle. All other traffic is shown as a hollow white
diamond. Altitude deviation from own aircraft altitude is shown
above the target symbol if traffic is above own aircraft altitude, and
below the symbol if they are below own aircraft altitude. Altitude
trend is shown as an up arrow (>+500 ft/min), down arrow (<-500
ft/min), or no symbol if less than 500 ft/min rate in either direction.
A TIS audio alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic
Advisories on the GPSMAP 396 screen increases from one scan to
the next. Limiting Traffic Advisories only reduces the “nuisance”
alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the first Traffic
Advisories appear on the TIS display, the user is alerted audibly.
So long as a single aircraft remains on the TIS display, no further
audio alert is generated. If a second (or more) aircraft appears on the
screen, a new audio alert is sounded.
149
TIS > TRAFFIC GROUND TRACK AND WARNING WINDOW
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the TIS display decreases and
then increases, a new audio alert is sounded. The TIS audio alert is
also generated whenever TIS service becomes unavailable.
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled when the
aircraft ground speed is less than 30 knots or when on the
approach leg of a route.
The following TIS audio alerts are available:
• Traffic—TIS traffic alert received.
• Traffic Not Available—TIS service is not available or out of
range.
NOTE: TIS audio alerts can be turned off in the Main Menu
Sound tab.
Traffic Ground Track
Traffic Target Track Vector
Traffic ground track is indicated on the GPSMAP 396 screen by a
“target track vector”, a short line shown in 45-degree increments,
extending in the direction of target movement.
Traffic Warning Window
When a traffic threat is imminent, the Traffic Warning Window is
shown. The Traffic Warning Window shows a small thumbnail map.
Press QUIT to go back to the previous page.
150
Traffic Warning Window
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
TIS > MAP PAGE
Map Page
TIS traffic can be shown on the Map Page.
To configure TIS Traffic on the Map Page:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press PAGE until the Map Page appears.
Press MENU. The Map Page options menu appears.
Highlight Set Up Map, and press ENTER.
Highlight the Map sub tab.
Select TIS Traffic, and use the ROCKER to change the
Zoom range.
Highlighting TIS Traffic Using Map Page Panning
Another Map Page feature is panning. Refer to page 30 for more
information.
When the target pointer is placed on traffic, the traffic range and
altitude separation are shown.
Displaying traffic range and altitude separation
using the Map Panning feature.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
151
TIS > OPERATION PROCEDURES
TIS Operational Procedures
TIS warns the user with voice and visual traffic advisories whenever
it predicts an intruder to be a threat. The user should not start
evasive maneuvers using information from the GPSMAP 396 screen
or on a traffic advisory only. The display and advisories are intended
only for assistance in visually locating the traffic, due to the lack in
resolution and coordination ability. The flight crew should attempt to
visually acquire the intruder aircraft and maintain a safe separation
in accordance with the regulatory requirements and good operating
practice. If the flight crew cannot visually acquire the aircraft,
they should contact ATC to obtain any information that may assist
concerning the intruder aircraft. Based on the above procedures,
minor adjustment to the vertical flight path consistent with air traffic
requirements are not considered evasive maneuvers.
The TIS Traffic Advisory (TA) should alert the crew to use
additional vigilance to identify the intruding aircraft. Any time
the traffic symbol becomes a yellow circle or a voice warning is
announced, conduct a visual search for the intruder. If successful,
maintain visual contact to ensure safe operation.
152
Intruder Aircraft
0.5 nm
This area within 34 seconds
+ 500 ft
- 500 ft
Conditions for Traffic Advisories
TIS shows a Traffic Advisory (TA) on the GPSMAP 396 when an
intruder aircraft approaches your aircraft on a course that intercepts
(defined by a 0.5 nm horizontal radius and a relative altitude of ±
500 ft) your course within 34 seconds.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
VHF COMM > OVERVIEW
VHF COMM
The GPSMAP 396 can also output frequency data to a Garmin aviation
radio. Currently the two models supported are the SL30 nav/comm and
the SL40 comm. Refer to page 158 for wiring information.
CAUTION: This interface does not have an FAA installation
airworthiness approval. If any abnormalities with SL 30/40
tuning or operation are encountered, disconnect the GPSMAP
396 from the SL 30/40 tuning interface.
To configure the VHF comm output:
1. Press MENU twice. The Main Menu appears.
2. Highlight the Setup tab.
3. Use the ROCKER to select the Interface sub tab.
4. Highlight the Serial Data Format field and use the ROCKER
to select TIS In/NMEA & VHF Out or Aviation In/NMEA &
VHF out. These comm modes send both NMEA data and
VHF frequency information.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
The following features are now available on the radio:
• Remote frequency lists for departure, enroute, and arrival airports
• Nearest VOR frequencies (SL30 only)
NOTE: See your SL30/40 User’s Guide regarding information
on accessing remote frequency lists.
You can also use the GPSMAP 396 to directly tune a standby
frequency in the radio by using the Comm tab when reviewing an
airport.
To select a standby comm frequency:
1. Use the map pointer or the NRST key to select an airport.
2. Highlight the Comm sub tab.
3. Select a comm frequency, and press ENTER. The frequency is
now tuned in the standby slot on the radio.
If the comm frequency has a restriction, the restriction page has a
Tune button, which performs the same function.
153
APPENDIX > SPECIFICATIONS
APPENDIX
Specifications
Physical Specifications
Size:
Weight:
Display:
Case:
Temp. Range:
Power
Battery:
Battery Life:
Source:
Fuse:
154
5.7'' W x 3.2'' H x 1.9'' D
(14.5 x 8.1 x 4.8 cm)
14.2 oz (.40 kg)
3.75'' diagonal (9.5 cm) Transflective, 256-color
display with backlighting (480 x 320 pixels)
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic alloy,
waterproof to IEC 60529 IPX7
5°F to 140°F (-15°C to 60°C)
Performance
Receiver:
Differential-ready 12 parallel channel receiver
Acquisition Times: Approx. 15 seconds (warm start)
Approx. 45 seconds (cold start)
Approx. 5 minutes (First Time/AutoLocate®)
Update Rate:
1/second, continuous
Accuracy
GPS:
DGPS (USCG):
DGPS (WAAS):
Velocity:
Dynamics:
15 meters (49 feet) RMS 95% typical
3–5 meters (10–16 ft), 95% typical
< 3 meters (10 ft) 95% typical with DGPS
corrections
0.1 knot RMS steady state
6 g's
Rechargeable lithium-ion
4 to 15 hours based on the XM antenna and
backlight usage
11–35 VDC
3AG-1.5 Amp
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > CARE INFORMATION
Care Information
To resolve problems that cannot be remedied using this guide,
contact Garmin Product Support in the USA at 800/800.1020 or
Garmin Europe at 44/0870.8501241.
Cleaning the Unit
The GPSMAP 396 is constructed of high quality materials and does
not require user maintenance other than cleaning. Clean the unit
using a cloth dampened with a mild detergent solution and then wipe
dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and solvents that may damage plastic
components.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Storing the GPSMAP 396
Do not store the GPSMAP 396 where prolonged exposure to
temperature extremes can occur (such as in the trunk of a car) as
permanent damage may result. User information, such as waypoints
and routes, is retained in the unit’s memory without the need for
external power. It is always a good practice to back up important
user data by manually recording it or downloading it to a PC
(transferring it to MapSource).
Immersing the Unit in Water
The GPSMAP 396 is waterproof to IEC Standard 60529 IPX7. It can
withstand immersion in 1 meter of water for 30 minutes. Prolonged
submersion can cause damage to the unit. After submersion, be
certain to wipe and air dry the unit before reuse or charging.
155
APPENDIX > OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES
Optional Accessories
In addition to the standard accessories included with your
GPSMAP 396, the optional accessories are designed to enhance
the operation of the GPSMAP 396.
To obtain replacement parts and optional accessories, contact
your Garmin Dealer, Garmin Product Support in the USA at
800/800.1020, or Garmin Europe at 44/0870.8501241.
WARNING: Garmin accessories have been designed and
specifically tested for use with Garmin products. Accessories
offered for sale by other manufacturers have not been tested or
approved for use with Garmin products. Use of such accessories
could cause damage to the GPSMAP 396 and void the warranty.
Programmable Data Cards—Blank data cards available in a variety
of sizes. Download detailed map data from MapSource CD-ROMs to a
data card, either directly through your GPSMAP 396 using the included
USB-PC Interface Cable, the optional PC Interface Cable (with a Serial
connector), or with the optional USB Data Card Programmer.
USB Data Card Programmer—Programs blank data cards at high speed
through a PC.
Carrying Case—Protects the GPSMAP 396 when not in use; with storage
for data cards.
Protective Cover—Snaps on the front of the unit to protect the screen from
damage.
PC Interface Cable—Connects the unit to a serial port on your PC.
MapSource Software CD-ROMs—Offers several detailed mapping
options that are compatible with the GPSMAP 396, including BlueChart,
Fishing Hot Spots, and Topo.
Power/Data Cable—Allows you to connect the unit to the electrical
system using the bare wires.
Pre-Programmed Data Cards—Data cards pre-programmed with either
Garmin BlueChart or Fishing Hot Spots map data.
156
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
Installation Information
This section of the Appendix provides information on connecting the
GPSMAP 396 to auxiliary devices and removing the antenna.
Connecting the Power/Data Cable
The power/data cable connects the GPSMAP 396 to an 11–35 VDC
system and provides interface capabilities for connecting external
devices. The color code in the diagram below and to the right
indicates the appropriate harness connections. Replacement fuse is a
3AG - 1.5 Amp fuse.
Ground
Black
Alarm
White
Voice (+)
Brown
Voice (-)
Orange
Data Out
Blue
Power
Red
Data In
Yellow
Power/Data Connector on the GPSMAP 396 Unit
Voice (-)
Orange
Data Out
Blue
Power
Red
Power/Data Connector on the Cable
Red: Power
Black:
Ground
(-)
(+)
11–35 VDC
RXD +
Autopilot/
NMEA Device
Blue:
Data Out
RXD Switch
Yellow:
Data In
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Ground
Black
Alarm
White
Voice (+)
Brown
Data In
Yellow
Closed - On,
Open - Off
(+)
White/Blue
Orange GSD 20
Sounder
(-)
White/Brown
157
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
Connecting the GXM 30/30A Antenna
Connect the GXM 30/30A antenna to the GPSMAP 396 to access
XM WX satellite weather and XM Radio. For more information
about the GXM 30/30A antenna, see the GXM 30/30A Owner’s
Manual.
NOTE: You must subscribe to XM Radio and/or XM WX
Satellite Weather to use the XM Radio and/or XM Weather
features on your GPSMAP 396.
To connect the GXM 30/30A antenna:
1. Position the antenna where it has a clear view of the sky.
This can be on the outside of the vehicle or behind the
windscreen.
2. Plug the GXM 30/30A cable into the USB port on the back of
the unit, as shown in the following illustrations.
Connecting to a GTX 330 Mode S Transponder
To receive Mode S TIS traffic data from a GTX 330 transponder
on your GPSMAP 396, connect an available RS-232 OUT pin on
the transponder to the Data In pin on the GPSMAP 396. (You do
not need to connect the transponder to the GPSMAP 396’s Data In
pin). Then, set the corresponding RS-232 output configuration on
the transponder to REMOTE + TIS and set the GPSMAP 396’s
Serial Data Format to TIS In or TIS In/NMEA & VHF Out. For
more information, see the TIS section on page 146 and the GTX 330
Transponder Installation Manual.
Connecting to a Garmin VHF Comm Radio
To output frequency data to an SL40 comm or SL30 nav/comm
radio, connect the Data Out pin on the GPSMAP 396 to the RxD pin
on the comm radio. (You do not need to connect the comm radio to
the GPSMAP 396’s Data In pin.) Set the GPSMAP 396’s Serial Data
Format to TIS In/NMEA & VHF Out or Aviation In/NMEA &
VHF Out. This configuration allows you to simultaneously receive
TIS traffic data and output frequencies to the comm radio, as well
as driving other NMEA-compatible devices. For more information,
see the VHF comm section on page 153 and your nav/comm radio’s
installation manual.
GXM 30/30A Antenna Plugged In
158
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
Connecting Your GPSMAP 396 to a Computer
Your GPSMAP 396 can be connected to your computer using the
included USB-PC Interface Cable to connect to a USB data port
or the optional PC Interface Cable to connect to a DB-9 serial
communications port.
NOTE: Fully install the supplied MapSource program, Trip &
Waypoint Manager, on your computer before connecting the
USB cable to the computer.
USB
connector
under
weather cap
USB Data Port on your PC
When using a PC Interface Cable, connect the larger end of the
cable to a serial communications port on your computer (see
illustration on the bottom left).
Information about USB Drivers
The USB drivers should have been automatically installed when you
installed the MapSource program that came with your GPSMAP 396.
When you initially connect the GPSMAP 396 to a USB port, your
computer prompts you to locate the destination of the drivers for the
device. You only need to install the drivers once. After the drivers are
installed, your computer always detects your GPSMAP 396 when it is
connected. USB drivers are updated periodically. You can find these
updates at www.garmin.com.
Using xImage for Customized Waypoint Symbols
Serial Communications Port
To connect your GPS to your computer:
1. Connect the small end of your cable to the lower connector on
the back of the GPSMAP 396, shown in the illustration to the
left.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
2. When using the supplied USB Data Cable, connect the larger
end of the cable to an available USB data port (see illustration
on the left).
xImage allows you to exchange images between your PC and your
GPSMAP 396. You can download and save screen shots of any screen
shown on your unit. xImage also allows you to download customizable
splash screens and waypoint symbols from compatible GPS units,
customize them (if you have an image editing program on your PC),
and send them back to your GPS unit.
You can download xImage from the Garmin Web site at
http://www.garmin.com/ximage/. Refer to the help file for complete
instructions about using xImage.
159
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
Installing and Removing Data Cards
The GPSMAP 396 uses an optional Garmin data card to show
digital charts and maps. Install the data card in the slot located on
the bottom of the unit. Install or remove the data card at any time,
whether the unit is on or off.
You can load a variety of information on your data card, such as
BlueChart and MapSource detailed maps in a MapSource program.
You can buy pre-programmed cards to use with your GPSMAP 396.
Data cards are not waterproof, should not be exposed to moisture or
excessive static charges, and should be stored in the case supplied
with the card.
To install a data card:
1. Insert the card into the slot on the bottom of the unit. Be sure
the label is facing the front of the unit.
2. Firmly push the card into the unit. It is not necessary to force
the card. The handle is still exposed when it is properly
inserted.
3. If the unit is on, a confirmation tone sounds. The first time
you insert a programmed data card, the unit takes a few
seconds to read the card. When the data card has been
properly installed and accepted, a summary screen noting
the card details appears. Press ENTER to acknowledge.
160
If you insert a data card and get a card format not recognized
message, try removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still
not recognized, contact Garmin Product Support or your Garmin
dealer.
To remove a data card:
1. Grasp the card handle. The handle expands for easy
removal.
2. Pull the card out of the card slot on the bottom of the unit.
3. If the unit is on, a confirmation tone sounds when the data
card is removed.
Interfacing
The following formats are supported for connection of external
devices: GARMIN proprietary Differential GPS (DGPS), NMEA
0180, 0182, 0183 (versions 1.5, 2.0, 2.3, 3.01), ASCII Text Output,
RTCM SC-104 input (version 2.0), and Garmin proprietary formats
for connecting to a Mode S transponder for TIS data, and to a
Garmin aviation NAV/COM radio.
The following are the Approved Sentences for NMEA 0183,
version 3.01 output: GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL,
GPBOD, GPRTE, and GPWPL. The following are the Proprietary
Sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.01 output: PGRME, PGRMZ,
PGRMM, and PGRMH.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > INSTALLATION INFORMATION
The GPSMAP 396 also includes NMEA input with support for the
BWC, DBT, DPT, MTW, VHW, VTG, and XTE sentences.
Garmin’s proprietary communication protocol is available from the
Web site (www.garmin.com).
Removing the GPS Antenna
You can remove the antenna to use an external antenna. After the
antenna is removed, the BNC connector is exposed and ready for use
with an external antenna. For information on connecting an external
antenna to the GPSMAP 396, refer to the installation instructions
that came with the antenna.
To remove the GPS antenna:
1. Remove the external power cable from the connector on the
back of the GPSMAP 396.
2. Rotate the antenna to approximately a seven o’clock
position. The alignment notches in the casing must line up
with the notches on the antenna.
3. Pull the antenna away from the GPSMAP 396 unit.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Removing the GPS Antenna
161
APPENDIX > LEARNING ABOUT GPS
Learning About GPS
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation
system made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit by the
United States Department of Defense.
GPS was originally intended for military applications, but in the
1980s, the government made the system available for civilian use.
GPS works in any weather conditions, anywhere in the world, 24
hours a day. There are no subscription fees or setup charges to use
GPS. For more information refer to the Garmin Web site at
www.garmin.com and also read the GPS Guide for Beginners, which
can be found on the Web site at
www.garmin.com/aboutGPS/manual.html.
Common GPS Terms
Initialize—the first time a GPS receiver orients itself to its current
location and collects data. After the receiver is initialized, it
remembers its location and acquires a location more quickly.
Location—an exact, unique location based on geographic
coordinates (Latitude and Longitude).
Route—A group of waypoints entered into the GPS receiver in the
sequence you want to navigate them.
Waypoint—a location you store in your GPS.
162
What is Differential GPS (DGPS)?
The United States and Canadian governments (among others) have
set up Differential GPS (DGPS) stations to transmit correction
signals. They are operational in coastal areas and on many navigable
river systems.
The DGPS system is available for use without a fee, but you do need
additional equipment to receive DGPS signals: A beacon receiver
compatible with the RTCM format sentences supported by your
Garmin GPS is needed to use DGPS.
Refer to the United States Coast Guard’s Web site (www.navcen
.uscg.gov/) for locations and status of the differential stations.
Differential Field
Differential receiver status is indicated in the bottom-left field of the
GPS Page and shows one of the following conditions:
• None—no optional beacon receiver is attached or enabled
on the Interface sub tab on the Main Menu or WAAS is
turned off.
• Searching for WAAS—WAAS is enabled and the receiver is
searching for WAAS signal.
• Using WAAS—WAAS capability is enabled and the unit is
receiving WAAS corrections.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LEARNING ABOUT GPS
• Check Beacon Wiring—the DGPS setting is enabled in the
Interface sub tab on the Main Menu but no DGPS device is
detected.
• No Beacon Signal—DGPS receiver is attached, but not
transmitting RTCM data to GPS.
• Tuning Beacon—the receiver is tuning manually to a DGPS
frequency.
• Using Differential—the unit is receiving DGPS corrections.
• Scanning for Beacon—the DGPS receiver is scanning for an
available frequency.
What is WAAS/EGNOS?
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is an FAA-funded
service to improve the overall integrity of the GPS signal and
increase position accuracy for users in North America. In Europe,
WAAS is referred to as EGNOS.
The system is made up of satellites and approximately 25 ground
reference stations positioned across the United States that monitor
GPS satellite data. Two master stations, located on either coast,
collect data from the reference stations and create a GPS data
correction message.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
According to the FAA’s Web site, testing in September 2002, WAAS
confirmed an accuracy performance of 1–2 meters horizontal and
2–3 meters vertical throughout the majority of the continental
United States and portions of Alaska.
WAAS is just one service provider that adheres to the Minimum
Operational Performance Standard (MOPS) for global Satellite
Based Augmentation Systems (SBAS). Eventually, there will
be several services of worldwide geostationary communication
satellites and ground reference stations.
All SBAS systems use the same receiver frequency; therefore any
operational SBAS system should be capable of providing your GPS
unit with increased accuracy at any location in the world.
Currently, enabling WAAS on your Garmin GPSMAP 396 in regions
that are not supported by ground stations may not improve accuracy,
even when receiving signals from an SBAS satellite. In fact, it can
degrade the accuracy to less than that provided by GPS satellites
alone. For this reason, when you enable WAAS on your Garmin
GPS receiver, the receiver automatically uses the method that
achieves the best accuracy. To enable WAAS, refer to page 6.
For more information, go to
http://gps.faa.gov/Programs/WAAS/waas.htm.
163
APPENDIX > LORAN TD SETUP
LORAN TD Setup
LORAN TD is a radio navigation aid operated and maintained in the
United States by the United States Coast Guard. The name LORAN
is an acronym for “LOng RAnge Navigation.” The LORAN
system covers the entire United States and the United States
Coastal Confluence Zone. From the perspective of a mariner, the
system is used for ocean and coastal navigation. It can be used as a
supplemental system for harbor and harbor approach navigation, and
it is used for inland navigation by recreational vehicles.
LORAN TD Feature
The LORAN TD (Time Delay) feature eases the transition from
using LORAN to using GPS. The GPSMAP 396 unit automatically
converts GPS coordinates to LORAN TDs for those who have a
collection of LORAN fixes for favorite fishing spots and other
waypoints recorded as TDs. You can show your location as a TD
or enter waypoints as TDs. The accuracy to be expected from this
conversion is approximately thirty (30) meters. When the unit is
placed in the LORAN TD format mode, it simulates the operation
of a LORAN receiver. Location coordinates can be showed as TDs,
and all navigation functions can be used as if the unit was actually
receiving LORAN signals.
164
Using the LORAN TD Format
When creating new waypoints using LORAN TD coordinates,
you must set the correct LORAN chain number and secondary
stations in the Setup TD field before storing the waypoint. After
the waypoint is stored in unit memory, it always references the
LORAN chain number and secondary stations currently selected in
the Setup TD field. If you enter a different LORAN chain number,
or change the secondary stations or offsets in the Setup TD field, the
active waypoint information does reflect those changes. Since the
GPSMAP 396 does not rely on the LORAN signal for navigation,
it can reference a different GRI chain and/or secondary stations and
still navigate to the location stored in memory.
The LORAN Location Format field is located under the Units sub
tab in the Main Menu. The LORAN TD Setup window contains
the fields to select the Loran GRI-Chain Number, Primary and
Secondary Stations, and TD Offsets.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LORAN TD SETUP
To set up LORAN TD from the Main Menu:
1. Press MENU twice to show the Main Menu.
2. Use the ROCKER to highlight Setup on the vertical tab list.
Then select Location from the row of horizontal tabs.
3. Using the ROCKER, highlight the Location Format field and
press ENTER.
LORAN TD Setup
Location Sub Tab
4. Highlight Loran TD, and press ENTER.
5. Highlight the Setup button located on the right side of the
Location Format field, and press ENTER. The Loran TD
Setup window appears.
6. To change the settings of any of the five fields, highlight the
field, press ENTER, enter the setting using the ROCKER,
and press ENTER.
If the active GRI Chain, secondary stations, or offsets were changed
since the waypoint was created, the waypoint now references
the active GRI chain and secondary stations and adjust the TD
coordinates accordingly. Remember that the GPS is not relying
on the LORAN signal for navigation and actually converts the
TD coordinate to a useful latitude and longitude coordinate before
storing the waypoint to memory or using it for navigation. Because
of this, the unit can navigate to a TD coordinate anywhere in the
world.
You must know your GRI chain number and/or secondary stations
to create a LORAN TD location. For more information read our
LORAN TD Position Format Handbook, available at the Garmin
Web site, at www.garmin.com/support/userManual.html.
7. When finished, highlight the Save button, and press ENTER.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
165
APPENDIX > MAP DATUMS AND LOCATION FORMATS
Map Datums and Location Formats
If you are navigating and comparing the GPS coordinates to a map,
chart, or other reference, the map datum in the GPS unit should
be set to the same datum as the map to ensure the most accurate
navigation.
What is a Location Format?
Map Datums are based on a mathematical model of the Earth.
What are Map Datums?
A datum is a mathematical model of the Earth that approximates
the shape of the Earth and enables calculations to be carried out in a
consistent and accurate manner. The datum is physically represented
by a framework of ground monuments (such as trig. stations) whose
locations have been accurately measured and calculated on this
reference surface. Lines of latitude and longitude on a map or chart
are referenced to a specific map datum. Every chart has a map datum
reference and the GPSMAP 396 can be set to match most of those
commonly used.
166
Your current location can be viewed on the GPS in the form of
coordinates. Since different maps and charts use different location
formats, Garmin GPS units allow you to choose the correct
coordinate system for the type of map you are using. The most
common format is latitude and longitude, which is used by all
Garmin units. You can change the location format to use with other
coordinate systems in Location Preferences. UTM/UPS (Universal
Transverse Mercator/Universal Polar Stereographic) are easy-to-use
metric grids that are found on most USGS topographic quadrangle
maps. Several other grids, including a user-definable grid (for the
advanced user), are available.
For more information about using paper maps with your Garmin
unit, refer to Using a Garmin GPS with Paper Land Maps, available
for download at www.garmin.com/manuals/UsingaGarminGPSwith
PaperLandMaps_Manual.pdf.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > DIGITAL SELECTIVE CALLING (DSC)
Digital Selective Calling (DSC)
Any time a vessel receives a DSC call, they can store that location
and quickly navigate to that location using a Go To. This makes
DSC a time-saver, especially in an emergency situation. In order to
use DSC, users must first register their VHF radio with the FCC and
receive a Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number.
A non-emergency DSC Position Report allows mariners to exchange
and show the locations of one another. When you receive a DSC
location, you can create a waypoint or to show the received location
on an electronic map.
What is a Maritime Mobile Service Identity
(MMSI)?
Digital Selective Calling (DSC) uses marine VHF radio and Global
Positioning System (GPS) technologies to transmit and receive
location information. DSC is used by mariners to assist them in two
major areas: Distress Calls and Position Reporting.
An emergency DSC Distress Call allows a vessel in trouble to
transmit a substantial amount of information in a single transmission
or “call,” without the need for voice communication. When any
nearby rescuer receives the DSC signal, an alarm sounds and they
immediately receive the location of the caller.
The rescuer can choose to navigate (Go To) the caller’s location to
assist or forward the call on to the Coast Guard. When the Coast
Guard receives the call, they can immediately access the caller’s
information (such as who they are and the type of vessel) in their
database while they are in transit to the caller’s location.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) basically allows a VHF
radio to act like a phone. The 9-digit MMSI number acts like a
phone number when used in a Position Report and as a unique
identifier to the Coast Guard when used in an emergency Distress
Call. To obtain a Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number,
users must register their VHF radio with the FCC (Form 605).
Garmin does not supply this number!
For more information regarding MMSI’s visit
www.navcen.uscg.gov/marcomms/gmdss/mmsi.htm.
167
APPENDIX > DIGITAL SELECTIVE CALLING (DSC)
How Are MMSI Assignments Obtained?
Non-commercial users, such as recreational users, who remain
in United States waters and only carry VHF, EPIRB (Emergency
Position Indicating Radio Beacons), and Radar are not required to
have a FCC ship station license. The FCC and Coast Guard have
authorized some second and third party vendors to assign MMSI
numbers. This service is limited to registering recreational vessels
only. To receive information on how to obtain a recreational MMSI
number contact www.uscg.mil/rescue21/links/mmsi.htm or
http://wireless.fcc.gov/marine/.
United States Non-Federal User
Commercial users, or those who travel outside the United States or
Canada, must apply for a ship station license or an amendment to a
ship station license. To find out if you require a Ship Station license
contact http://wireless.fcc.gov/marine/fctsht14.html. If your vessel
requires licensing by the FCC, a MMSI is assigned to you during
the application/licensing process when you file FCC Forms 159 and
605.
United States Federal User
Federal users can obtain MMSI assignments from their agency
radio spectrum management office. These procedures are currently
under review by the National Telecommunications and Information
Administration (NTIA).
168
User Outside the United States
Users can obtain an MMSI assignment from their telecommunications
authority or ship registry, often by obtaining or amending their ship
station license.
User In Canada
Industry Canada is responsible for assigning MMSI numbers to
commercial and recreational vessels. Information is available at the
following Web site: http://apollo.ic.gc.ca/english/mmsi.html.
How Can Garmin Help You with DSC?
To receive Distress Calls or Position Reports, you must have a DSCequipped chartplotter as well as a VHF radio with DSC support.
During normal, non-emergency Position Report communication,
Channel 70 (156.525 MHz) has been set aside as the VHF/DSC
digital call channel.
For a Distress Call, press the MayDay button on the VHF radio.
The call transmits on an emergency channel with the MMSI number
attached to the call, if the receiver has DSC support. Any DSCequipped mariner (on sea or land) within range can receive the call.
When the Garmin GPSMAP 396 is connected to a VHF with DSC
support, the GPS unit shows a Call List, Log, and a Directory. Basic
wiring is required for the Garmin unit and VHF radio to send and
receive NMEA data from each other.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > JEPPESEN DATABASE INFORMATION
Jeppesen Database Information
The GPSMAP 396 includes an internal Jeppesen database that
provides location and facility information for thousands of airports,
VORs, NDBs, and more. Updates to the Jeppesen database are
available every 28 days online (www.garmin.com). The update
program is designed to operate on Windows®-compatible PCs and
requires the included USB Cable to connect your GPSMAP 396 to
the PC’s USB port. The following information is provided from the
internal Jeppesen database:
®
Airport—* identifier, facility name, city/state/country, latitude/
longitude, field elevation, available fuel types, runway designations
and layout, runway surface, runway length, runway width, runway
lighting, communication frequencies, and published approaches.
Weather—frequencies associated with an airport (ASOS, ATIS, and
AWOS).
VORs—* identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location
(latitude/longitude), frequency, service volume (high, low, terminal),
and type (such as VOR-DME, TACAN, and VORTAC).
NDBs—* identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location
(latitude/longitude), and frequency.
Intersections—identifier, nearest VOR, radial and distance from
nearest VOR, location (latitude/longitude), and region/country.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
ARTCC—Air Route Traffic Control Centers.
Airspace—boundaries (Class B, Class C, Control Zones, SUAs, and
MOAs), controlling agency, and vertical boundaries.
FSS—Flight Service Stations.
* Symbology used for NDBs, VORs, and airports is consistent with
those used on a sectional chart.
Database Updates
Updates to the Jeppesen database are available every 28 days online
(http://shop.garmin.com/aviation/databases/). The update programs
are designed to operate on Windows®-compatible PCs and requires
the included USB Interface Cable to be connected to the unit and an
available USB port on your computer.
NOTE: After you perform an update to your Jeppesen database,
verify that all of your flight plans (routes) in your unit are
current. If there is an obsolete Jeppesen aviation point in a saved
route, the route is locked and unusable. You need to create a new
route with current Jeppesen database points.
An optional FlightBook software package is available to assist with
your flight record keeping. Visit the Garmin Web site at
www.garmin.com/aviation.
169
APPENDIX > MESSAGES
Messages
Database Error—internal problem with the unit. Contact your dealer or
Garmin Product Support to have the unit repaired.
Alarm Clock—the alarm clock has sounded.
Deep Water—the water is deeper than the amount set in the Deep Water
Alarm.
Accuracy Alarm—the GPS accuracy has fallen outside of user-set value.
Antenna Shorted to Ground—the external GPS antenna has an electrical
connection problem. Contact Garmin Product Support.
Approaching Target Altitude—within 1,000 feet of final VNAV target
altitude.
Approaching Turn—you are nearing a turn in a route.
Approaching VNAV Profile—you are within one minute of reaching the initial
VNAV decent point.
Arriving at Destination—you are nearing your destination.
Batteries Low—the battery needs to be recharged.
Basemap Failed Unit Needs Repair—there is an internal problem with your
unit. Contact Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced.
Boat Is Not Moving Fast Enough to Calibrate—the boat is not moving fast
enough for the speed wheel to provide a valid speed.
Can’t Unlock Maps—no applicable unlock code for one or more maps was
found. All MapSource maps are not accessible.
Check XM Antenna—internal problem with your GXM 30/30A antenna.
Contact Garmin Product Support.
170
Detail Maps Don’t Support Routing—maps that are loaded on the data card
do not support automatic route calculation.
Distress Call—a DSC distress call was received. Take appropriate action.
Dragging Anchor—the distance set in the Anchor Drag Alarm is exceeded.
Drift Alarm—the water depth has changed by the amount entered in the Drift
Alarm setup.
Fish Alarm—a fish was detected. The unit shows an icon and beeps (if
enabled). This alarm does not show a message banner.
Flash Flood Warning—a flash flood warning was issued for the area by the
National Weather Service.
Flood Warning—a flood warning was issued for the area by the National
Weather Service.
Lost Satellite Reception—the unit is unable to receive satellite signals.
Marine Warning—a marine warning was issued by the National Weather
Service.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > MESSAGES
Memory Full—unit memory is full, no further data can be saved.
None Found—no data matched the search criteria.
Memory (RAM) Failed Unit Needs Repair—there is an internal problem
with your unit. Contact Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced.
Off Course—you are off course by the distance set in the Off Course Alarm.
Near Proximity Point—you have reached the distance set for a proximity
waypoint.
Proximity Radius Overlaps—the radius of two proximity waypoints overlap.
NMEA Depth is Below Transducer—no keel offset value has been received
from the external sonar device.
Route Calculation Error—no route can be calculated.
No Diff GPS Location—RTCM is selected but the unit is not receiving DGPS
data.
No Roads Near Destination—the destination for the road route you tried to
calculate is not near any roads. Select a different destination.
Proximity Memory Full—no additional proximity waypoints can be saved.
Route Already Exists—you have entered a route name that already exists.
Route Memory Full—no additional routes can be saved.
Route Truncated—uploaded route from another device has more than 300
waypoints.
Route Waypoint Memory Full—no additional route waypoints can be saved.
No Roads Near Starting Point—the start location for the road route you tried
to calculate is not near any roads. Select a different start location.
Saving XM Program Information—an XM Radio channel lineup change has
occurred and the unit is saving the channel lineup to memory.
No DGPS Position—no differential connection data is available, or not enough
data is available to calculate a DGPS position.
Shallow Water—the water is shallower than the amount set in the Shallow
Water Alarm.
No Tide Stations for that Area—no tide stations within 100 miles of the area.
Sonar Failed Unit Needs Repair—there is an internal problem with the unit.
Contact Garmin Product Support to have the unit serviced.
No XM Signal—the GXM 30/30A antenna is not receiving an XM signal.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
171
APPENDIX > MESSAGES
Steep Turn—approaching a turn that requires a bank angle in excess of 25
degrees to stay on course.
Sunrise, Switching to Day Mode—the unit is switching to Day Mode.
Sunset, Switching to Night Mode—the unit is switching to Night Mode
Thunderstorm Warning—a severe thunderstorm warning was issued for the
area by the National Weather Service.
Tornado Warning—a tornado warning was issued for the area by the National
Weather Service.
Track Already Exists—a saved track with the same name already exists.
Track Log Full—the track log is full and track recording was turned off.
To record more track points, you need to clear the track log and turn track
recording on.
Track Memory Full—no more track data can be stored. Delete the old track
data to store the new data.
Track Truncated—a complete uploaded track will not fit in memory. The
oldest track log points have been deleted.
Transfer Complete—data transfer was completed.
USB Connected—the USB cable was recently plugged in.
User Timer Expired—the Timer Alarm value has counted down to zero.
VNAV Cancelled—VNAV function has been cancelled due to a change in the
active route.
Water Speed Sensor is Not Working—the speed sensor is not detected. Check
the connections.
Water Temperature Alarm—sonar has reported a temperature above, below,
inside, or outside the specified values(s).
Waypoint Already Exists—a waypoint with the same name already exists.
Waypoint Memory Full—the unit has stored the maximum number of
waypoints.
XM Antenna Not Responding—the unit is unable to communicate with the
GXM 30/30A.
XM Connected—the GXM 30/30A antenna was recently plugged in.
Transducer Disconnected, Sonar Turned Off—the unit has no transducer
attached, has a bad cable/transducer, or has a disconnected transducer cable.
172
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Data Field Options
The following list provides a brief description of each data field
option. Some of these options are supported only by devices
interfaced to your GPSMAP 396.
Accuracy—the current accuracy of your GPS determined location.
Battery Timer—the time remaining on the battery before it is fully discharged.
Bearing—the compass direction from your current location to a destination.
Course—the your path of travel from your starting location to a destination.
Course to Steer—the recommended direction to steer in order to reduce crosstrack error and return to the course line. Showed as Steer.
Cross Track—the distance you are off your course in either direction, left or
right.
Depth (Marine Only)—the depth of water from sonar NMEA input.
Dest Wpt—see Waypoint (Destination).
Distance (Destination)—the entire distance, from beginning to end, of a route.
Distance (Next)—the distance to the next point on a route.
ETA (Destination)—Estimated Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will
reach your destination.
ETE (Next)—Estimated Time Enroute. The estimated time required to reach
the next point on your route.
Elevation—the altitude (height) above or below mean sea level (MSL).
GPS Status—the current status of the GPS receiver, such as “3D GPS.”
Location (Lat/Lon)—your current location as latitude/longitude coordinates.
Location (Selected)—your current location described in the selected units of
measure (other than lat/lon).
Max Speed—the maximum speed the unit has moved since last reset.
Mov Avg Spd—see Trip Avg. Speed (Moving).
Move Timer—see Trip Timer (Moving).
Next Course—the course your route will take you on after you reach the next
waypoint.
Next Turn—the direction of the next turn on an active route.
Next Wpt—see Waypoint (Next).
Odometer—the total distance traveled since the Odometer was reset.
Pointer—the arrow indicating the direction to travel to the next point on a
route.
Power—the power indicator icon: Battery, External Power, or Charging.
ETA (Next)—Estimated Time of Arrival. The estimated time you will reach the
next point on your route.
Speed—your current vehicle speed can be measured in miles per hour,
kilometers per hour, or knots.
ETE (Destination)—Estimated Time Enroute. The estimated time required to
reach your destination.
Sunrise—the time at which the sun rises on this day.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Steer—see Course to Steer.
173
APPENDIX > DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Sunset—the time at which the sun sets on this day.
Voltage—the direct current voltage level of an external power source.
Time—the current time and date. It can be shown in 12-hour or 24-hour format
in local time or universal (UTC) time.
Water Speed (Marine Only)—the data acquired from measurement devices
interfaced to the unit is used to calculate your current speed over water.
Track—the direction of movement relative to a ground position. Also referred
to as ground track.
Water Temperature (Marine Only)—the temperature of water at a measured
depth using measurement devices interfaced to the unit.
Trip Avg. Speed (Moving)—the average speed while moving since the last
reset of the Trip Computer. Appears as Mov Avg Spd.
Waypoint (Destination)—the last point on a route, your destination. Appears
as Dest Wpt.
Trip Avg. Speed (Total)—the total average speed traveled since the last reset
of the Trip Computer. Shown as Ttl Avg Spd.
Waypoint (Next)—the next waypoint in your route. Shown as Next Wpt.
Trip Odometer—the total distance traveled since the Trip Computer was reset.
Trip Timer (Moving)—the length of time your vehicle has been in motion,
since the Trip Computer was reset. Appears as Move Timer.
Trip Timer (Total)—the total time the unit has been tracking since the Trip
Computer was reset.
Ttl Avg Spd—see Trip Avg. Speed (Total).
Turn—the distance between Bearing (BRG) and Track (TRG). L indicates you
should turn left. R indicates you should turn right. The degrees indicates the
difference angle and the number of degrees you should turn.
Weather–Altimeter—the altimeter setting at the nearest METAR reporting
station.
Weather–Dew Point—the dew point at the nearest weather reporting station.
Weather–Pressure—the surface pressure at the nearest weather reporting
station.
Weather–Relative Humidity—the relative humidity at the nearest weather
reporting station.
Weather–Temperature—the temperature at the nearest weather reporting
station.
User Timer—the timer you set in the Main Menu.
Weather–Wind—the wind speed and direction at the nearest weather reporting
station.
Velocity Made Good—the rate of closure on a destination based on your
current speed and course of travel. Shown as VMG.
XM Audio—the artist and song title of the XM audio channel currently
playing.
Vertical Speed—the rate of climb or descent.
XM Signal—the strength of the XM signal.
174
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
License Agreement and Warranty
Product Registration
Software License Agreement
Use this area to record the serial number (8-digit number located
on the back of the GPSMAP 396) in case your GPSMAP 396 needs
service. Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in this
device (the “Software”) in binary executable form in the normal operation of
the product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual property rights in and to
the Software remain with Garmin.
Serial Number: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ __
This section of the Appendix contains information about your
license agreement and warranty for the GPSMAP 396.
BY USING THE GPSMAP 396, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE
AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY.
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and is protected
under the United States of America copyright laws and international copyright
treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code
of the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and that the Software in
source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin. You agree not
to decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or
reduce to human readable form the Software or any part thereof or create any
derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export
the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the
United States of America.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today! Connect to our Web site at www.garmin.com/registration/.
Contact Garmin
Contact Garmin if you have any questions while using your
GPSMAP 396. In the USA contact Garmin Product Support by
phone: 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020, Monday–Friday, 8 AM–5
PM Central Time; or go to www.garmin.com/support/, and click
Product Support.
In Europe, contact Garmin (Europe) Ltd. at 44/0870.8501241.
175
APPENDIX > LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
Limited Warranty
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or
workmanship for one year from the date of purchase. Within this period,
Garmin will at its sole option repair or replace any components that fail in
normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the
customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for
any transportation cost. This warranty does not cover failures due to abuse,
misuse, accident, or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE
EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING
UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY
VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS
PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above
limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or
offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY
SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH
OF WARRANTY.
176
Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for rebates or other
special offers from Garmin. Online auction confirmations are not accepted
for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or copy of
the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace
missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin authorized dealer or
call Garmin Product Support for shipping instructions and an RMA tracking
number. The unit should be securely packed with the tracking number clearly
written on the outside of the package. The unit should then be sent, freight
charges prepaid, to any Garmin warranty service station. A copy of the original
sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs.
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 E 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062 USA
Tel. 913/397.8200
Fax. 913/397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate,
Romsey, SO51 9DL UK
Tel. +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK)
0808 2380000 (UK only)
Fax 44/0870.8501251
The Garmin GPSMAP 396 has no user-serviceable parts. Should you ever
encounter a problem with your unit, please take it to an authorized Garmin
dealer for repairs.
The GPSMAP 396 is fastened shut with screws. Any attempt to open the case
to change or modify the unit in any way will void your warranty and may result
in permanent damage to the equipment.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
Weather Data Warranty
THE WEATHER DATA SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS PROVIDED “AS IS.”
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE HEREBY
EXCLUDED.
USER SAFETY
If you use XM Services it is your responsibility to exercise prudent discretion
and observe all safety measures required by law and your own common sense.
You assume the entire risk related to your use of the Services. XM and Garmin
assume no responsibility for accidents resulting from or associated with use
of the Services. Your Radio Service includes traffic and weather information,
and you acknowledge that such information is not for “safety for life”, but is
merely supplemental and advisory in nature, and therefore cannot be relied
upon as safety-critical in connection with any aircraft, sea craft or automobile
usage. This information is provided “as is” and XM and Garmin disclaim any
and all warranties, express and implied, with respect thereto or the transmission
or reception thereof. XM and Garmin further do not warrant the accuracy,
reliability, completeness or timeliness of the traffic and weather information
disclosed on the Radio Service. In no event will XM and Garmin, their data
suppliers, service providers, marketing/distribution, software or Internet
partners or hardware manufacturers be liable to you or to any third party for
any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, exemplary or punitive
damages or lost profits resulting from use of or interruptions in the transmission
or reception of the Services.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
LIMITS ON OUR RESPONSIBILITY
a) DISCLAIMERS.
EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, WE MAKE NO
WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
REGARDING THE RADIO SERVICE. YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE
IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE CONTENT AND FUNCTIONALITY OF
THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY
OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. ALL SUCH WARRANTIES
OR REPRESENTATIONS (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT) ARE
HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
b) LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY.
WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES RELATING TO THE USE
OF THE RADIO SERVICE, WHETHER BASED ON NEGLIGENCE OR
OTHERWISE. OUR TOTAL LIABILITY TO YOU AND ANY OTHER
PERSONS RECEIVING OUR SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE CAUSE,
WILL IN NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNTS THAT YOU HAVE PAID
TO US FOR THE SERVICE THAT YOU RECEIVED DURING THE SIX
(6) MONTH PERIOD IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO THE SPECIFIC EVENT
THAT GAVE RISE TO THE APPLICABLE DAMAGE OR LOSS. THIS
ALLOCATION OF RISK IS REFLECTED IN OUR PRICES. YOU MAY
HAVE GREATER RIGHTS THAN DESCRIBED ABOVE UNDER YOUR
STATE’S LAWS
177
APPENDIX > LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
This product was developed using DAFIF™, a product of the National
Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
XM Satellite Radio Service Agreement
This product has not been endorsed or otherwise approved by the National
Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, or the United States Department of Defense
(10 U.S.C. 425)
Hardware and required monthly subscription sold separately. Subscription fee
is consumer only. Other fees and taxes, including a one-time activation fee
may apply. All programming fees and weather data subject to change. XM WX
weather data displays and individual product availability vary by hardware
equipment. Reception of the XM signal may vary depending on location.
Subscriptions subject to Customer Agreement included with the XM Welcome
Kit and available at xmradio.com. Available only in the 48 contiguous United
States. XM WX is a trademark of XM Satellite Radio Inc.
a. Under 10 U.S.C. 456, no civil action may be brought against the United
States on the basis of the content of a navigational aid prepared or disseminated
by either the former Defense Mapping Agency (DMA), National Imagery and
Mapping Agency (NIMA), or the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
(NGA).
b. The DAFIF™ product is provided “as is,” and no warranty, express or
implied, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for particular purpose or arising by statute or otherwise in law or
from a course of dealing or usage in trade, is made by NGA as to the accuracy
and functioning of the product.
c. Neither NGA nor its personnel will be liable for any claims, losses, or
damages arising from or connected with the use of this product. The user
agrees to hold harmless the United States National Geospatial-Intelligence
Agency. The user’s sole and exclusive remedy is to stop using the DAFIF
product.
178
XM Satellite Radio Inc.
Contact XM Satellite Radio by phone at 800.985.9200 to subscribe to XM WX
Weather and/or XM Radio.
FCC Compliance
The GPSMAP 396 complies with Part 15 of the FCC interference limits for
Class B digital devices FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE. These limits are
designed to provide more reasonable protection against harmful interference in
a residential installation, and are more stringent than “outdoor” requirements.
Operation of this device is subject to the following conditions: (1) This
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
APPENDIX > LICENSE AGREEMENT AND WARRANTY
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and
may cause harmful interference to radio communications if not installed and
used in accordance with the instructions. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following
measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
The GPSMAP 396 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should
only be made by an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs
or modifications could result in permanent damage to the equipment and
void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15
regulations.
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
179
INDEX
INDEX
Symbols
2D 5, 62, 142
3D 5, 62
A
accessories 156
acquiring satellites 5
Active Route page
aviation mode 43
Active Track tab 86, 89
add to route 60, 67, 75, 79
advanced NMEA output setup 124
aircraft information 46–47
airport 17, 169
criteria 21
identifier 6, 12, 14
information 15, 16, 18
airspace 31
alarms 105
alert 20, 27
boundary 28, 31
information 19, 20, 31
nearest 17
alarms 27, 114
airspace 105
anchor drag 106
arrival 106
180
depth 107
descent rate 36, 37
DSC 99
fish 107
next turn 106
obstacle 36, 37
off course 106
persistent 105
proximity 85
sonar 107
system 106
terrain 36, 37
terrain page setup 38
VNAV 41
Alarms tab
airspace alarms 105
navigation 106
system alarms 106
alerts. See alarms
altitude 39, 119
antenna 1, 3, 161
append to route 79
approach 16, 22, 23, 43
ARTCC 17
assign category 82
asterisk (*) 16
AutoLocate 3, 5
average location 79
avoids 66, 117
B
backlight 3, 113
baro pressure 49
battery
level 4
pack 1, 2
saver mode 115
beeper 114
BlueChart 160
bug indicator 40, 93
setting 33
C
cable 157
calculate routes for 117
calculation method 116
calendar 108–111
calibrated airspeed 49
calibrate water speed 140
cards, data 160
care information 156
categories
find menu 57
waypoint 81
CDI. See course deviation indicator
celestial information 108–111
Celestial tab
Hunt & Fish tab 111
Sun & Moon tab 108
Tide tab 109
charging 2, 4
check beacon wiring 163
cigarette lighter adapter 2
cleaning 155
clear track log 87
clock alarm 106
coast guard 167, 168
color mode 113
communication frequencies 19
comm usage restrictions 16
compass page 54, 94, 113
marine mode 93–94
options menu 93
connecting the power cable 2, 157
course deviation indicator 23, 39,
40, 93
course deviation scale 39, 40
course pointer 93
course to steer 33
create
category 81
flight plan 26
route 60, 61
waypoint. See marking a waypoint
creating a direct to 14–16
criteria 21
cruising speed 46
Current Route page 65
automotive mode 71
custom avoids 66, 117
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
INDEX
D
dashboard 72
data card 160
slot 1
data fields 34
date 118
daylight saving time 118
DB-9 159
declutter 32
defaults 8, 34
delete
aircraft profile 47
category 81
DSC directory item 98
flight records 45
route 73
track log 87
waypoint 84
waypoint category 81
density altitude 49
depth 119
descent rate alert 27
detailed maps 10, 35, 160
details 15, 16, 18
detour 67
DGPS 123, 162
alarm 106
differential 163
differential field 162
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
differential GPS 162
digital selective calling. See DSC
direction display 119
Direct To 14, 18
display tab 113
distance and speed 119
distress calls 96–99, 167–168
drift alarm 107
DSC 95–99, 167–168
E
E6B 48–49
edit
route 74, 75, 76
waypoints 77, 78
elevation 119
emergency
aviation 18
marine 167
entering data 9, 10
erase. See delete
external power source 4
F
faster time 116
FCC 167, 168, 178
field 8
find
from 57
from a different location 57, 58
menu 56, 59
your current location 3
finding an Item in automotive or
marine mode 57–59
finding a nearby aviation point 17–21
fishing information 111
fish symbols 139
flasher 141
FlightBook 45, 169
flight log 45
flight plan 26
create 26
follow 27
locked 26
following an automotive route 65
following your flight plan 27
follow roads 61
FSS 17
fuel flow 43, 46, 76
G
GARMIN DGPS 121, 122
getting satellite signals 4–6
going to a destination 55
go to 14, 15, 83
distress call 99
history 58
page 15, 22
point 91
position report 99
GPS 162–163
learning about 162
Off/On 5
page 6, 73
GRI chain 165
GSD 20A 134
guidance tab 117
GXM 30 antenna 131
connecting 158
H
heading 120
highways
avoid 117
Highway Page 113
automotive mode 69–70
data fields 70
page layout 70
setup 70
HSI 39
bug indicator 33
Hunt & Fish tab 111
I
icons 113
identifier 6, 12, 14, 17, 167, 169
information page 31, 59
initialize 3, 162
installation information 157–161
intersection 169
181
INDEX
J
Jeppesen database 26, 169
updates 10
K
keypad 7
L
land at closest point 18
language 115
legs, track 89
limited warranty 176
lithium-ion 1, 2
local time 118
location 6, 64
location format 119, 166
locked route 26
log filter 112
longitude 173
LORAN TD setup 164–165
lost satellite reception 5
M
magnetic variation 120
main menu
Display Tab 113
GPS tab 4
Sound Tab 114
managing routes 73
182
managing tracks 86
managing waypoints 77
Man OverBoard 91
map
information 35, 59
MapSource 10, 160
map data 35
map datum 166
map orientation 29
Map Page
automotive mode 68
aviation mode 28–35
declutter 32
marine mode 92
setup 33
marine timer 94
maritime mobile service identity.
See MMSI
marking a waypoint 25, 62, 63, 64, 80
underwater 138
mark my location 25
maximum speed 46
MayDay 168
measuring distance 32
messages 112, 175–179
military time 118
Mils 119
MMSI 95, 167, 168
MOB 91
modes 54, 115
moon information 108
N
navigate
route 74
to point 91
track 89
navigating
distress call 99
position report 99
navigating in automotive mode 55–56
navigating in marine mode 91
navigation alarms 106
NDB 17, 169
near
current route 58, 59
destination 58, 59
next 58, 59
other 58, 59
NEAREST/FIND key 17
nearest type 44, 72
new
altitude 6
location 6, 12
waypoint 64, 80
next turn 106, 117
NMEA 121, 123, 124, 160
north up 6, 29
no beacon signal 163
O
OBS 40
obstacle alert 27
odometer 72
off-route recalculation 117
off course 106
off road 116
on-screen button 8
options menu 9
overzoom 29
P
page layout 34
page sequence 90
panel page
aviation mode 39–42
panning the map 28, 30
pan mode 28, 30
PC interface cable 159
persistent alarm 105
plan flight 43, 76
plan route 43, 76
points of interest 57
Points tab 82
pop-up alerts 27
position 162
position data page
aviation mode 44
position mode 28
position report 167–168
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
INDEX
power 2, 3, 157
connector 1, 4
practice mode. See simulator mode
preferences
location 166
pressure 119
projecting a waypoint 80–85
project location 80
proximity 85
alarms 85
points tab 84
waypoint 85
R
receiver not usable 5
receiver status 5
receive satellite signals 3
record mode 86, 89
reference position 58
release hold 40
reset timer 118
reset trip 44, 72
retrace your path 89
review
route 74
waypoint 77
road 69
road routing tab 116
route 75, 89
add points 75
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
add waypoint to 79
edit 75, 76
editing 66–67
leg transition 73
options menu 73
preference 116
routes 60–61, 162
automotive mode 73–76
editing 73–76
navigating a saved route 74–76
route tab 73
RTCM 122, 123
runway criteria 21
S
safety and product information
175–179
sail boat racing timer 94
satellite acquisition 5
saved route 26, 73
saved track 89
save present location 62
save track log 87
saving the current route 71
scanning for beacon 163
scan for a frequency 122
searching the sky 5
search history 58
selecting an approach 22–23
selecting options 9
sentences 124, 160
serial communications port 159
serial data format 121
serial number 1
setting up XM WX 126
Setup tab
Guidance tab 117
Road Routing tab 116
System tab 115
Timers tab 118
Time tab 118
Units tab 119
Welcome tab 120
set an alarm 105
set CDI scale 40
set date 118
set OBS and Hold 40
set speed and fuel 43, 76
show details 15
show map 78
signal strength 5
simulated navigation 11–12
simulator
11
sonar 134, 135–138
adjusting 136–138
on the map page 134
setting up 139, 141
understanding 142
sonar alarms 107
Sound tab 114
specifications 154
speed 39, 46
speed filter 115
split screen, sonar 138
storage 155
Sun & Moon tab 108
switch modes 13, 54, 90
system alarms 106
System tab 115
T
temperature 119, 145
terrain
alert 27
Terrain Page
aviation mode 36–38
declutter 32
terrain warning 37
text language 115
thermoclines 144
tide
chart 110
information 109
station 110
tab 109
time
delay 164
format 118
183
INDEX
offsets 166
tab 118
zone 118
timer 94
Timers tab 118
TIS 146, 151
limitations 147
operational procedures 152
symbology 149
track
legs 89
log 86, 87, 89
review page 87, 88
tab 86
TracBack 88, 89
track up 6, 29
traffic ground track 150
traffic warning window 150
transducer 139, 143
trip computer 72
trip planning 76
true airspeed 49
tuning beacon 163
turn-by-turn route 55, 65, 74
turn on and off 3
184
U
underwater waypoints 138
Units tab 119
unpaved roads 117
updates to jeppesen database
169
usage mode 13, 115
usage restrictions 16
USB 121
data cable 159
User Points tab 82
UTC 118
UTM/UPS 166
V
vectors 23
vertical navigation. See VNAV
vertical speed 119
VHF 167
VHF Comm 153
view details 30
VNAV 41, 42
indicator 41
profile 41
volume 3, 114
VOR 17, 169
W
WAAS 6, 115, 157, 162, 163
Warning Page 3
waterproof 155
water speed 140
water temp 107
waypoint 15, 25, 62–64, 162
categories 81, 82
create 25, 63, 80
edit 77, 78
Information Page 59
manage 77
mark 25
name 78
proximity 85
symbol 78
transition 73
weather information
finding 132
Weather tab 129
options menu 130
weight & balance 47
whiteline 137, 144
wide area augmentation system.
See WAAS
winds aloft 49
Wx 17
X
xImage 159
XM Audio Page 50
favorites 52
mute 53
options 51
turning on 50
XM WX
additional information 131
options 126
radio ID 131
viewing 125
XM WX Weather
finding weather information 132
X symbol on terrain 36
Z
zoom 29
GPSMAP 396 Owner’s Manual
For the latest free software updates (excluding map data) throughout the life of your
Garmin products, visit the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.com.
© Copyright 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, UK
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00462-00 Rev. D
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