Garmin M20R GPS Receiver User Manual

Integrated Flight Deck
Cockpit Reference Guide
Mooney M20M,
M20R, & M20TN
Copyright © 2004 - 2006 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0424.20 or later for the Mooney M20M, M20R, and M20TN. Some
differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, Hampshire S051 9DL, U.K.
Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or
stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission
to download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to
be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text
of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is
strictly prohibited.
Garmin® is a registered trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, and G1000® is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries.
These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; Stormscope® and SkyWatch® are registered trademarks of L-3
Communications; and XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc.
July 2006
190-00450-02 Rev. D
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Printed in the U.S.A
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, & NOTES
.
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the terrain function.
The G1000 Terrain Proximity feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The Terrain
Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications
requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources. Garmin is
not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be relied
upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical
charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G1000 GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and could
vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74A Air Data Computer,
or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical navigation. Always use pressure
altitude displayed by the G1000 PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: The Jeppesen database used in the G1000 system must be updated regularly in order to ensure
that its information remains current. Updates are released every 28 days. A database information packet is
included in the G1000 package. Pilots using an outdated database do so entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: The basemap (land and water data) must not be used for navigation, but rather only for nonnavigational situational awareness. Any basemap indication should be compared with other navigation
sources.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the G1000 Multi Function Display is provided as an aid in visually
acquiring traffic. Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual acquisition
of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: Use of the Stormscope® interface is not intended for hazardous weather penetration (thunderstorm
penetration). Stormscope information, as displayed on the G1000 MFD, is to be used only for weather avoidance,
not penetration.
WARNING: The GDL 69 Weather Interface should not be used for hazardous weather penetration. Weather
information provided by the GDL 69 is approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, & NOTES
WARNING: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning purposes only. Due to inherent delays
in data transmission and the relative age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for short-range
weather avoidance.
WARNING: The Garmin G1000, as installed in the Mooney M20M, M20R, and M20TN aircraft, has a very high
degree of functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test
capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous
operation to occur without a fault indication shown by the G1000. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to
detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated information available
in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G1000 operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy
and performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G1000 utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the G1000 can be misused
or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the G1000
Pilot’s Guide documentation and the G1000 Flight Manual Supplement. Thoroughly practice basic operation
prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications from the G1000 to all available
navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety
purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the G1000 to attempt to penetrate a
thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Airman’s Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an intense
radar echo.”
CAUTION: The GDU 1040 & 1042 PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating
that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL
HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and
an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
WARNINGS,
CAUTIONS, & NOTES
CAUTION: The Garmin G1000 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and
the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: When using Stormscope, there are several atmospheric phenomena in addition to nearby thunderstorms
that can cause isolated discharge points in the Strike Display Mode. However, clusters of two or more discharge
points in the Strike Display Mode do indicate thunderstorm activity if these points reappear after the screen
has been cleared.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the G1000 panel and
displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current G1000 system. Depictions of equipment
may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s
Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to our web site at
www.garmin.com/prop65.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Part Number
190-00450-01
190-00450-02
Change Summary
Reformat of manual
Added WX 500 Stormscope
Added XM Weather
Added ADF/DME
Added extended range fuel tanks
Changes in EIS softkey labels
Added TAWS-B
Added Automatic Flight Control System
Changed System Software Revision
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
A
12/05
i-Index-2
B
4/06
2-4
11-2
12-1
C
6/06
3-1 – 3-2
5-1
6-1
D
7/06
RR-1
2-4
12-7
Description
Initial release
Added Altitude Alert and Barometric Minimums info.
Added Hazard Displays with Loss of GPS info.
Added inactive alerts info.
Added M20TN Engine page descriptions
Updated Section 5.3
Added note regarding M20TN autopilot
Corrected Revision Date
Added S-TEC only info
Added S-TEC only info
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
RR-1
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Blank Page
RR-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1: SYSTEM OVERVIEW.................................... 1-1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
PFD/MFD Controls................................................... 1-2
PFD Softkeys............................................................ 1-4
MFD Softkeys .......................................................... 1-7
MFD Page Groups ................................................... 1-8
Backlighting ............................................................. 1-8
SECTION 2: FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS .............................. 2-1
2.1 Airspeed Indicator.................................................. 2-3
Speed Indication ......................................................... 2-3
Speed Ranges ............................................................. 2-3
Airspeed Trend Vector ................................................. 2-3
Vspeed References ...................................................... 2-3
2.2 Attitude Indicator .................................................. 2-3
2.3 Altimeter .................................................................. 2-4
Altitude Select Bug...................................................... 2-4
Altitude Trend Vector ................................................... 2-4
Barometric Setting Box ................................................ 2-4
Altitude Alerting .......................................................... 2-4
Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude ......................... 2-4
2.4 Vertical Deviation/Glideslope Indicator ............ 2-5
2.5 Marker Beacon Annunciations ............................ 2-5
2.6 Vertical Speed Indicator ....................................... 2-5
2.7 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) ................... 2-6
Arc HSI ....................................................................... 2-6
Turn Rate Indicator and Heading Trend Vector .............. 2-6
Course Pointer ............................................................ 2-7
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) .................................. 2-7
Bearing Pointers and Information Windows .................. 2-7
DME (optional)............................................................ 2-8
Navigation Source ....................................................... 2-8
SECTION 3: ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS).... 3-1
3.1 Engine Display......................................................... 3-1
3.2 Lean Engine Display ............................................... 3-1
Cylinder Select ............................................................ 3-1
3.3 Engine System Display .......................................... 3-2
3.4 Flap & Trim Indications.......................................... 3-2
Rudder Trim Indicator .................................................. 3-2
Elevator Trim Indicator ................................................. 3-2
Flaps Position Indicator ............................................... 3-2
SECTION 4: NAV/COM AND TRANSPONDER ........... 4-1
4.1 Radio Status Indications ....................................... 4-3
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
Volume ...................................................................... 4-3
Automatic Squelch ................................................. 4-3
Quickly Activating 121.500 MHz .......................... 4-3
Optional NAV Radios ............................................. 4-3
ADF Radio (optional) ................................................... 4-3
DME Radio (optional) .................................................. 4-4
4.6 Frequency Auto-tuning ......................................... 4-4
Auto-tuning on the PFD .............................................. 4-4
Auto-tuning on the MFD ............................................. 4-4
4.7 Transponder ............................................................. 4-5
Mode Selection ........................................................... 4-5
Ground Mode (Automatic) ...................................... 4-5
Reply Status ........................................................... 4-5
Code Selection ....................................................... 4-5
Flight ID Reporting ...................................................... 4-5
SECTION 5: AUDIO PANEL ................................................ 5-1
5.1 COM Radio Selection ............................................. 5-2
5.2 Split COM Function ................................................ 5-2
5.3 Marker Beacon Receiver ....................................... 5-2
Marker Beacon Signal Sensitivity ................................. 5-3
5.4 Nav Radio Audio Selection ................................... 5-3
5.5 Intercom System (ICS) Isolation .......................... 5-3
5.6 Intercom Squelch Control ..................................... 5-4
5.7 Digital Clearance Recorder and Playback......... 5-4
SECTION 6: AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL ............. 6-1
6.1 Mode Annunciations .............................................. 6-2
6.2 Overspeed Protection ........................................... 6-2
6.3 AP Engagement/Disengagement ........................ 6-3
Automatic Disengagement .......................................... 6-3
Manual Disengagement .............................................. 6-3
Control Wheel Steering................................................ 6-3
6.4 Loss of Data ............................................................. 6-4
6.5 Pitch Axis Modes .................................................... 6-4
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT) ................................................. 6-5
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT) ............................................ 6-6
Vertical Speed Mode (VS) ............................................ 6-7
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC) .................................. 6-8
Go-Around Mode (GA) ................................................ 6-9
Glideslope (GS) ........................................................... 6-9
6.6 Roll Axis Modes..................................................... 6-10
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)................................................ 6-10
Heading Select Mode (HDG) ...................................... 6-11
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Navigation Mode (GPS, VOR, LOC, or BC)................... 6-12
Navigation Mode Armed....................................... 6-12
Approach Mode (GPS, VAPP or LOC) .......................... 6-13
Go Around (GA) ........................................................ 6-13
6.7 Example Procedures Using AFCS ....................... 6-14
Departure ................................................................. 6-15
Intercepting a VOR Radial .......................................... 6-16
Flying a Flight Plan / GPS Course ............................... 6-17
Flight Level Change (Descent).................................... 6-18
ILS Approach ............................................................. 6-19
Go-Around / Missed Approach................................... 6-20
SECTION 7: NAVIGATION .................................................. 7-1
7.1 Navigation Map Page ............................................ 7-1
Select the MAP Page Group......................................... 7-1
7.2 Direct-to Navigation .............................................. 7-1
Direct-to Navigation from the MFD .............................. 7-1
Enter a Direct-to Destination .................................. 7-1
Select a Direct-to Destination to a Flight Plan
Waypoint or Nearest Airport ................................... 7-1
To Re-center the CDI to the Destination Waypoint ... 7-2
To Manually Define the Direct-to Course ................. 7-2
Canceling Direct-to Navigation ............................... 7-2
Direct-to Navigation from the PFD ............................... 7-2
Cancelling Direct-to Navigation .............................. 7-2
7.3 Airport Information ............................................... 7-3
Select the Airport Information Page ............................. 7-3
Enter a Waypoint Facility Name or City Location ...... 7-3
Access Runway Information .................................... 7-3
Access Frequency Information ................................. 7-3
7.4 Intersection Information ...................................... 7-4
Select the Intersection Information Page ...................... 7-4
Access Information on an Intersection..................... 7-4
7.5 NDB Information..................................................... 7-4
Select the NDB Information Page ................................. 7-4
View Information on a Specific NDB........................ 7-4
7.6 VOR Information ..................................................... 7-5
Select the VOR Information Page ................................. 7-5
Access Information on a VOR .................................. 7-5
7.7 User Waypoint Information Page ....................... 7-5
7.8 Nearest Airports ..................................................... 7-5
Nearest Airport Information on the MFD ...................... 7-5
Select the Nearest Airports Page ............................. 7-5
Access Information on a Specific Airport ................. 7-6
ii
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
Access Runway Information for the Selected
Airport ................................................................... 7-6
Quickly Tune the COM Transceiver to a Nearby
Airport Frequency ................................................... 7-6
Nearest Airports Information on the PFD ...................... 7-6
View Information on a Specific Airport in the List .... 7-6
Load an Airport COM Frequency into the
Active COM ........................................................... 7-6
Nearest Intersections ............................................ 7-7
Select the Nearest Intersections Page........................... 7-7
View Information on the Nearest Intersection.......... 7-7
Nearest NDB ............................................................ 7-7
Select the Nearest NDB Page ....................................... 7-7
Access Information on a Specific NDB ..................... 7-7
Nearest VOR ............................................................. 7-8
Select the Nearest VOR Page ....................................... 7-8
View Information on the Nearest VOR ..................... 7-8
Select and Load a VOR Frequency ........................... 7-8
Nearest User Waypoint.......................................... 7-9
Select the Nearest User Waypoint Page ........................ 7-9
Select a Nearest User Waypoint .............................. 7-9
Nearest Frequencies .............................................. 7-9
Select the Nearest Frequencies Page ............................ 7-9
Select and Load the Nearest ARTCC, FSS,
or Weather Frequency ............................................. 7-9
NEAREST AIRSPACES ............................................ 7-10
Select the Nearest Airspaces Page.............................. 7-10
Airspace Alerts Box............................................... 7-10
View Additional Details for a Listed Airspace ......... 7-10
View and Quickly Load the Frequency for a
Controlling Agency ............................................... 7-10
SECTION 8: FLIGHT PLANNING ...................................... 8-1
8.1 User Defined Waypoints........................................ 8-1
Select the User WPT Information Page ......................... 8-1
Create a New User Waypoint .................................. 8-1
Modify a User Waypoint ......................................... 8-1
Delete a User Waypoint .......................................... 8-1
Create User Waypoints from the Navigation
Map Page ................................................................... 8-2
8.2 Viewing the Active Flight Plan ............................ 8-2
8.3 Activate a Stored Flight Plan............................... 8-2
8.4 Activate a Flight Plan Leg .................................... 8-3
8.5 Stop Navigating a Flight Plan.............................. 8-3
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
TABLE OF CONTENTS
8.6 Invert Active Flight Plan ....................................... 8-3
8.7 Create a New Flight Plan ...................................... 8-4
Create a New Flight Plan Using the MFD ..................... 8-4
Create a New Flight Plan Using the PFD ...................... 8-4
8.8 Load a Departure ................................................... 8-4
8.9 Load an Arrival........................................................ 8-5
8.10 Load an Approach .................................................. 8-5
8.11 Remove a Departure, Arrival, or Approach
from a Flight Plan ................................................... 8-5
8.12 Store a Newly Created Flight Plan ..................... 8-5
8.13 Edit a Stored Flight Plan ....................................... 8-5
8.14 Delete a Waypoint from the Flight Plan............ 8-5
8.15 Invert and activate a Stored Flight Plan ........... 8-6
8.16 Copy a Flight Plan .................................................. 8-6
8.17 Delete a Flight Plan ............................................... 8-6
8.18 Graphical Flight Plan Creation ............................ 8-6
8.19 Trip Planning............................................................ 8-6
8.20 Vertical Navigation (VNAV) Page ........................ 8-8
Create a Vertical Navigation Profile.............................. 8-8
VNAV Page Menu Options ........................................... 8-9
SECTION 9: PROCEDURES ................................................ 9-1
9.1 Arrivals and Departures........................................ 9-1
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure .................... 9-1
Load and Activate An Arrival Procedure ........................ 9-1
9.2 Approaches .............................................................. 9-2
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure ............... 9-2
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan ............. 9-3
SECTION 10: HAZARD AVOIDANCE ........................... 10-1
10.1 Customizing the Hazard Displays on the
Navigation Map .................................................... 10-1
10.2 STORMSCOPE® (Optional).................................. 10-1
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the
Navigation Map Page ................................................ 10-1
Stormscope Page....................................................... 10-2
10.3 XM Weather (Optional) ....................................... 10-3
Displaying METAR and TAF information on the Airport
Information Page ...................................................... 10-3
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link Page ... 10-4
NEXRAD Limitations ............................................. 10-4
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link Page . 10-5
Weather Products and Symbols ................................. 10-5
Weather Product Age ................................................ 10-6
10.4 Traffic Information Service (TIS) ....................... 10-7
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page................... 10-7
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map ................... 10-7
TIS Audio Alert .......................................................... 10-7
10.5 Skywatch Traffic Advisory System
(TAS)(Optional) ...................................................... 10-8
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page................... 10-8
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map ................... 10-8
10.6 Terrain And Obstacle Proximity ........................ 10-9
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain
Proximity Page .......................................................... 10-9
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Navigation
Map.......................................................................... 10-9
10.7 Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS)
Display (Optional) .............................................. 10-11
Displaying Terrain on the TAWS Page ....................... 10-11
Enable/Disable Aviation Data ................................... 10-12
TAWS Inhibit ........................................................... 10-12
Manual System Test................................................. 10-13
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) ................ 10-13
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) ...... 10-13
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent
Obstacle Impact (IOI) .......................................... 10-13
Premature Descent Alert (PDA) ................................ 10-14
Excessive Descent Rate Alert (EDR) .......................... 10-14
Negative Climb Rate After TakeoffAlert (NCR) .......... 10-14
“Five-Hundred” Aural Alert...................................... 10-15
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Navigation
Map........................................................................ 10-15
Pop-up Alerts .......................................................... 10-15
TAWS Alerts Summary ............................................. 10-16
Alert Annunciations ................................................. 10-17
SECTION 11: ABNORMAL OPERATION ..................... 11-1
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
Reversionary Mode .............................................. 11-1
Abnormal COM Operation .................................. 11-2
Unusual Attitudes ................................................. 11-2
Stormscope operation with loss of
Heading Input........................................................ 11-2
11.5 Hazard Displays with Loss of GPS Position .... 11-2
SECTION 12: ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS .............. 12-1
12.1 Alert Level Definitions ........................................ 12-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
iii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
12.2 M20M/M20R/M20TN Aircraft Alerts .................. 12-2
Voice Alerts ............................................................... 12-2
Message Advisory Alerts ............................................ 12-2
12.3 AFCS Alerts............................................................. 12-3
System Status Field ................................................... 12-3
12.4 TAWS ALERTS ......................................................... 12-4
TAWS System Status Annunciations ........................... 12-5
12.5 G1000 System Annunciations ............................ 12-5
Traffic Voice Alerts ..................................................... 12-7
Audio Alerts .............................................................. 12-7
12.6 G1000 System Message Advisories .................. 12-8
MFD & PFD Message Advisories................................. 12-9
Database Message Advisories .................................. 12-10
GMA 1347 Message Advisories ............................... 12-11
GIA 63 Message Advisories ..................................... 12-11
GIA 63 Message Advisories (Cont.) .......................... 12-12
GEA 71 Message Advisories .................................... 12-13
GTX 33 Message Advisories..................................... 12-14
GRS 77 Message Advisories..................................... 12-14
GMU 44 Message Advisories ................................... 12-15
GDL 69 Message Advisories..................................... 12-15
GDC 74A Message Advisories.................................. 12-15
Miscellaneous Message Advisories........................... 12-16
Index.....................................................................................Index-1
iv
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SECTION 1: SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The purpose of this Cockpit Reference Guide is to
provide the pilot a resource with which to find operating
instructions on the major features of the G1000 system
more easily. It is not intended to be a comprehensive
operating guide. Complete operating procedures for the
complete system are found in the G1000 Mooney M20M,
M20R, and M20TN Pilot’s Guide (190-00647-00).
This guide gives the pilot abbreviated operating
instructions for the Primary Flight Display (PFD), Multi
Function Display (MFD), and the GMA 1347 Audio Panel
System.
NOTE: The pilot should read and thoroughly
understand the Mooney M20M/M20R/M20TN
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS)
for limitations, procedures, and operational
information not contained in this Cockpit
Reference Guide. The Mooney M20M/M20R/
M20TN Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
always takes precedence over the information
found in this guide.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
1-1
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.1
PFD/MFD CONTROLS
1
2
3
5
4
17
6
7
9
Figure 1-1 PFD/MFD Controls
18
10
14
19
24
11
15
20
25
12
16
22
26
13
23
27
21
MFD Only
1-2
8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Functionality of the PFD and MFD controls are the
same with the exception of the dedicated autopilot keys
located only on the MFD bezel.
(1) NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls the NAV audio level.
Press to toggle the Morse code identifier ON and OFF.
Volume level is shown in the field as a percentage.
(2) NAV Frequency Toggle Key – Toggles the standby
and active NAV frequencies.
(3) Dual NAV Knob – Tunes the MHz (large knob)
and kHz (small knob) standby frequencies for the NAV
receiver. Press to toggle the tuning cursor (light blue box)
between the NAV1 and NAV2 fields.
(4) Heading Knob – Turn to manually select a heading
on the HSI. When pressed, it synchronizes the Heading
Bug with the compass lubber line. Selected Heading
provides the heading reference to the Flight Director while
operating in Heading Select Mode.
(5) Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated.
Activates the map pointer when pressed.
(6) CRS/BARO Knob – The large knob sets the altimeter
barometric pressure and the small knob adjusts the
course. The course is only adjustable when the HSI is in
VOR1, VOR2, or OBS/SUSP Mode. Pressing this knob
centers the CDI on the currently selected VOR. Selected
Course provides course reference to the Flight Director
when operating in Navigation and Approach modes.
(7) Dual COM Knob – Tunes the MHz (large knob)
and kHz (small knob) standby frequencies for the COM
transceiver. Pressing this knob toggles the tuning cursor
(light blue box) between the COM1 and COM2 fields.
(8) COM Frequency Toggle Key – Toggles the standby
and active COM frequencies. Pressing and holding this
key for two seconds automatically tunes the emergency
frequency (121.5 MHz) in the active frequency field.
(9) COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio level.
Pressing this knob turns the COM automatic squelch ON
and OFF. Audio volume level is shown in the field as a
percentage.
(10) Direct-to Key – Allows the user to enter a destination
waypoint and establish a direct course to the selected
destination (specified by the identifier, chosen from the
active route, or taken from the map cursor position).
(11) FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for
creating and editing the active flight plan, or for accessing
stored flight plans.
(12) CLR Key (DFLT MAP) – Erases information,
cancels an entry, or removes page menus. To display the
Navigation Map Page immediately, press and hold CLR
(MFD only).
(13) Dual FMS Knob – Used to select the page to be
viewed (only on the MFD). The large knob selects a page
group (MAP, WPT, AUX, NRST), while the small knob
selects a specific page within the page group. Pressing the
small knob turns the selection cursor ON and OFF. When
the cursor is ON, data may be entered in the different
windows using the small and large knobs. The large
knob is used to move the cursor on the page, while the
small knob is used to select individual characters for the
highlighted cursor location. When the G1000 displays
a list that is too long for the display screen, a scroll bar
appears along the right side of the display, indicating the
availability of additional items within the selected category.
Press the Small FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn
the Large FMS Knob to scroll through the list.
(14) MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of
options. This list allows the user to access additional
features, or to make setting changes that relate to certain
pages.
(15) PROC Key – Selects approaches, departures and
arrivals from the flight plan. If a flight plan is used,
available procedures for the departure and/or arrival
airport are automatically suggested. If a flight plan is not
used, the desired airport and the desired procedure may be
selected. This key selects IFR departure procedures (DPs),
arrival procedures (STARs), and approaches (IAPs) from
the database and loads them into the active flight plan.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
1-3
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
(16) ENT Key – Accepts a menu selection or data entry.
This key is used to approve an operation or complete data
entry. It is also used to confirm selections and information
entries.
(17) Dual ALT Knob – Sets the reference altitude in the
box located above the Altimeter. The large knob selects
the thousands, while the small knob selects the hundreds.
Altitude Select is used by the Automatic Flight Control
System in certain modes, in addition to the standard
G1000 Altitude Alerter function.
(18) AP Key – Engages/disengages the Autopilot and
Flight Director in the default vertical and lateral modes.
(19) FD Key – Activates/deactivates the Flight Director
only. Pressing the FD Key turns on the Flight Director in
the default pitch axis and roll axis modes. Pressing the
FD Key again deactivates the Flight Director and removes
the command bars, unless the Autopilot is engaged. If the
Autopilot is engaged, the FD Key is disabled.
(20) NAV Key – Selects/deselects the Navigation Mode.
(21) ALT Key – Selects/deselects the Altitude Hold
Mode.
(22) VS Key – Selects/deselects the Vertical Speed Mode.
(23) FLC Key – Selects/deselects the Flight Level Change
Mode.
(24) HDG Key – Selects/deselects the Heading Select
Mode.
(25) APR Key – Selects/deselects the Approach Mode.
(26, 27) NOSE UP/NOSE DN Keys – Controls the
active pitch reference for the Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed,
and Flight Level Change modes.
1-4
1.2
PFD SOFTKEYS
Softkey ON
Softkey OFF
(optional)
INSET
PFD
OBS
CDI
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
ALERTS
Figure 1-2 PFD Top Level Softkeys
INSET – Press to display the Inset Map in the lower
left corner of the PFD.
OFF – Press to remove the Inset Map.
DCLTR (3) – Press momentarily to select the
desired amount of map detail. The declutter
level appears adjacent to the DCLTR Softkey.
• No declutter: All map features are visible
• Declutter – 1: Declutters land data
• Declutter – 2: Declutters land and SUA data
• Declutter – 3: Removes everything except the active
flight plan
TRAFFIC – Press to display traffic on the map.
TOPO – Press to display topographical data (i.e.,
coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes, etc.) and
elevation scale on the Inset Map
TERRAIN – Press to display terrain information
on the Inset Map.
STRMSCP (optional) – Press to display the
Stormscope lightning data on the Inset Map
(within a 200 nm radius of the aircraft).
NEXRAD (optional) – Press to display NEXRAD
precipitation data on the Inset Map.
XM LTNG (optional) – Press to display the XM®
Radio lightning data on the Inset Map.
BACK – Press to return to the previous level
softkey configuration.
ALERTS – Press to display the Alerts Window.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
NAV1 – Displays NAV1 waypoint frequency or
identifier and DME information in the BRG1
Information Window.
GPS – Displays GPS waypoint identifier and GPS
distance information in the BRG1 Information
Window.
ADF – Displays ADF waypoint frequency in
the BRG1 Information Window.
OFF – Removes the BRG1 Information
Window.
360 HSI – Press to display the 360° compass rose.
ARC HSI – Press to display the 140° viewable arc.
PFD – Press to display the additional softkeys for
additional configurations of the PFD.
METRIC – Press to display the current and
reference altitudes in meters, in addition
to feet. Pressing the METRIC Softkey also
changes the barometric setting to hectopascals.
DFLTS – Press to reset default settings on the PFD.
DME (optional) – Press to display the DME
Information Window.
BRG1 (bearing) – Press to cycle through the
following Nav sources, making the pointer the
indicator for the corresponding source and
displaying the the appropriate information.
INSET
DCLTR
OFF
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
(optional)
STRMSCP
(optional)
(optional)
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
ALERTS
Press the BACK or OFF softkey
to return to the top level
softkeys
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
Figure 1-3 PFD Softkey Flow Chart – 1
PFD
METRIC
DFLTS
(optional)
DME
BRG1
360 HSI
Press the DFLTS softkey to change the PFD
metric values to standard
ARC HSI
BRG2
STD BARO
BACK
ALERTS
Press the STD BARO or BACK softkeys
to return to the top level softkeys
Figure 1-4 PFD Softkey Flow Chart – 2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
1-5
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
BRG2 (bearing) – Press to cycle through the
following Nav sources, making the pointer the
indicator for the corresponding source and
displaying the the appropriate information.
NAV2 – Displays NAV2 waypoint frequency or
identifier and DME information in the BRG2
Information Window.
GPS – Displays GPS waypoint identifier and GPS
distance information in the BRG2 Information
Window.
ADF – Displays ADF waypoint frequency in
the BRG2 Information Window.
OFF – Removes the BRG2 Information
Window.
STD BARO – Press to set the barometric pressure to
29.92 inches of mercury (1013 hPa by pressing
the METRIC Softkey).
BACK – Press to return to the previous level
softkeys.
ALERTS – Press to display the Alerts Window.
OBS – Press to select OBS Mode on the CDI when
navigating by GPS (only available with active leg).
CDI – Press to change navigation mode on the CDI
between GPS, VOR1, and VOR2.
ADF/DME (optional) – Press to display the ADF/DME
Tuning Window.
XPDR – Press to display the transponder mode
selection softkeys.
STBY – Press to select Standby Mode.
ON – Press to select Mode A.
ALT – Press to select Altitude Reporting Mode.
VFR – Press to automatically squawk 1200 (only
in the U.S.A., refer to ICAO standards for VFR
codes in other countries).
CODE – Press to display transponder code selection
softkeys 0-7.
0 through 7 – Press numbers to enter code.
IDENT – Press to provide special aircraft
position identification to Air Traffic Control
(ATC).
(optional)
OBS
ADF/DME
CDI
XPDR
TMR/REF
IDENT
NRST
ALERTS
CDI (VOR1)
CDI (VOR2)
Press the BACK softkey
to return to the top level
softkeys
GPS
ALT
ON
STBY
VFR
CODE
IDENT
BACK
ALERTS
Press the BACK
softkey
to return to
the top level
softkeys
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
Figure 1-5 PFD Softkey Flow Chart – 3
1-6
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
ALERTS
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.3
BKSP – Press to remove numbers entered one
at a time.
BACK – Press to return to the previous level
softkeys.
IDENT – Press to provide special aircraft position
identification to Air Traffic Control (ATC).
BACK – Press to return to the previous level
softkeys.
ALERTS – Press to display the Alerts Window.
IDENT – Press to provide special aircraft position
identification to Air Traffic Control (ATC).
TMR/REF – Press to display the Timer/References
Window.
NRST – Press to display the Nearest Airports
Window.
ALERTS – Press to display the Alerts Window.
ENGINE – Pressing this softkey makes available the
LEAN and SYSTEM softkeys which in turn access
the Lean Page and the System Page, respectively.
MAP – Pressing this softkey enables the following
softkeys:
TRAFFIC – Pressing this softkey displays/
removes Traffic on the Navigation Map.
TOPO – Pressing this softkey displays or
removes topographic information on the
Navigation Map.
TERRAIN – Pressing this softkey displays/
removes terrain and obstacle data on the
Navigation Map.
DCLTR
MAP
ENGINE
MFD SOFTKEYS
CHKLIST
(optional)
Press the BACK softkey on this level to
return to the top softkey level
ENGINE
LEAN
SYSTEM
DCLTR-1
BACK
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
Press to return to the
top softkey level
TRAFFIC
ENGINE
LEAN
SYSTEM
DEC FUEL
INC FUEL
RST FUEL
TOPO
LEAN
SYSTEM
CYL SLCT
ASSIST
(optional)
(optional)
(optional)
STRMSCP
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
BACK
Press the ENGINE or BACK softkey on any level to
return to the default page level
ENGINE
TERRAIN
The DONE softkey changes to UNDO when the checklist
item is already checked
BACK
ENGINE
DONE
EXIT
EMERGCY
CLR
ENGINE
MAP
DCLTR
CHKLIST
Figure 1-6 MFD Softkeys
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
1-7
SECTION 1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.5
STRMSCP (optional) – Pressing this softkey
displays/removes Stormscope lightning
data on the Navigation Map.
NEXRAD (optional) – Pressing this softkey
displays/removes precipitation data on the
Navigation Map.
XM LTNG (optional) – Pressing this softkey
displays/removes XM Radio lightning data
on the Navigation Map.
BACK – Pressing this softkey displays the
ENGINE and MAP top level softkeys.
DCLTR (declutter) – Pressing this softkey removes
map information in three levels.
CHKLIST (checklist)(optional) – Pressing the
CHKLIST Softkey displays the Checklist Page.
1.4
To manually adjust the backlight for the
PFD and MFD:
MFD PAGE GROUPS
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob until the desired page
group is selected.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select pages within
the group. See Figure 1-7.
Nearest Group
Auxiliary Page Group
BACKLIGHTING
1)
Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the
PFD Setup Menu Window.
2)
Press the Small FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
‘PFD DSPL > AUTO’ is now highlighted.
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display the
selection window.
4)
Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then
press the ENT Key.
5)
With the intensity value now highlighted, turn
the Small FMS Knob to select the desired
backlighting.
6)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MFD
DSPL > AUTO’ and repeat steps 3 through 5.
Figure 1-8 PFD Setup Menu Window
Number of Pages in Current
Group
Waypoint Page Group
Map Page Group
Figure 1-7 Page Group Icon
1-8
Selected Page
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SECTION 2: FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
The following discussions pertain to the Primary Flight
Display, unless otherwise indicated.
1
17
16
15
14
13
2
12
11
3
10
4
9
8
5
7
6
1
NAV Frequency Window
9
Turn Rate Indicator
2
Airspeed Indicator
10
Barometric Setting Box
3
True Airspeed Box
11
Vertical Speed Indicator
4
Heading Box
12
Altimeter
5
Horizontal Situation Indicator
13
Altitude Reference Box
6
Outside Air Temperature Box
14
COM Frequency Window
7
System Time Box
15
Navigation Status Bar
8
Transponder Status Bar
16
Slip/Skid Indicator
17
Attitude Indicator
Figure 2-1 Default PFD Information
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
2-1
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
10
1
9
2
8
3
7
4
5
6
1
Traffic Annunciation
6
BRG2 Information Window
2
Selected Heading Box
7
Alerts Window
3
Inset Map
8
Selected Course Box
4
BRG1 Information Window
9
Vertical Deviation/Glideslope Indicator
5
DME Information Window
10
Marker Beacon Annunciation
Figure 2-2 Additional PFD Information
Distance to Next Waypoint
Next Waypoint
Desired Track to
Next Waypoint
Current Track
Figure 2-3 PFD Navigation Status Window
2-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.1
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
Vspeed References
Airspeed Trend
Vector
Actual Airspeed
Vspeed
References
Speed Ranges
True Airspeed
Box
Figure 2-4 Airspeed Indicator
Speed Indication
The indicated airspeed is displayed inside the black
pointer. The pointer will become red upon reaching
Vne.
Vspeed References are turned on or off in the
Timer/References Window. Press the TMR/REF Softkey
to display the widow. When active (ON), the Vspeeds are
displayed at their respective locations to the right of the
airspeed scale. To activate the Vspeed References, display
the Timer/References Window and turn the Large FMS
Knob to place the cursor in the ON/OFF field. Turn the
Small FMS Knob to select ON or OFF.
2.2
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
The Slip/Skid Indicator is located under the roll pointer
and moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate
lateral acceleration. One Slip/Skid indicator displacement
is equal to one ball displacement when compared to a
traditional slip/skid indicator.
10
9
1
8
2
Figure 2-5 Red Pointer at Vne
7
3
6
Speed Ranges
4
The color coded speed range strip denotes flaps
operating range, normal operating range, and never exceed
speed (Vne). A red range is also present for low speed
awareness. Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for
airspeed limitations and indicator markings.
Airspeed Trend Vector
The end of the trend vector displays approximately
what the airspeed will be in 6 seconds if the current rate
of acceleration/deceleration is maintained.
5
1
Roll Pointer
6
Aircraft Wing Tips
2
Roll Scale
7
Pitch Scale
3
Horizon Line
8
Slip/Skid Indicator
4
Aircraft Symbol
9
Sky Representation
5
Land Representation
10
Roll Scale Zero
Figure 2-6 Attitude Indicator
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
2-3
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.3
ALTIMETER
Altitude Alerting
Selected Altitude
Box
Within 1000 ft
Within 200 ft
Deviation of ±200 ft
(applicable to S-TEC
AFCS only)
Figure 2-8 Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciations
Altitude Trend
Vector
Current Altitude
Altitude Select Bug
Barometric Setting
Box
Figure 2-7 Altimeter
Altitude Select Bug
The Altitude Select Bug is displayed at the selected
altitude or, if the selected altitude is beyond the altitudes
currently displayed, the bug is displayed at the top or
bottom of the display (whichever is closest to the selected
altitude).
To set the Selected Altitude Bug:
Turn the ALT Knob to set the Altitude Select
Bug. The Small ALT Knob sets the hundreds and
the Large ALT Knob sets the thousands. This
altitude also appears in the Selected Altitude
Box above the Altimeter.
Altitude Trend Vector
The end of the trend vector displays approximately
what the altitude will be in 6 seconds if the current rate of
vertical speed is maintained.
Barometric Setting Box
To set barometric pressure, turn the BARO Knob to
select the desired setting.
2-4
Visual annunciations appear in the Selected Altitude
Box. Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed,
the Altitude Alerter is reset. The Altitude Alerter is
independent of the Automatic Flight Control System.
An aural tone is heard when the aircraft is within 1000
feet of acquiring the selected altitude or when deviating
beyond 200 feet of the acquired selected altitude. In
addition to the preceding tones, for S-TEC AFCS equipped
aircraft only, an aural tone is heard when the aircraft is
within 200 feet of acquiring the selected altitude.
Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude
The desired barometric minimum descent altitude
(MDA, or Decision Height, DH) can be set in the Timer/
References Window.
Visual annunciations alert the pilot when approaching
the MDA:
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500
feet of the MDA setting, the Barometric Minimum
Box appears with the altitude in light blue text. The
bug appears on the tape in light blue once in range.
• When the aircraft passes through 100 feet of the
MDA, the bug and text turn white.
• Once the aircraft descends past the MDA, the
bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert,
“Minimums Minimums”, is generated.
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground.
If the aircraft climbs after having reached the MDA, once it
reaches 50 feet above the MDA, alerting is disabled.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Within 2500 ft
Within 100 ft
2.5
MARKER BEACON ANNUNCIATIONS
Marker Beacon
Annunciation
Barometric Minimum Bug
Vertical
Deviation/Glideslope
Indicator
Barometric
Minimum Box
Altitude Reached
Figure 2-10 Marker Beacon and Vertical Deviation
2.6
Figure 2-9 Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude
Alerting Visual Annunciations
2.4
VERTICAL DEVIATION/GLIDESLOPE
INDICATOR
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR
Selected Vertical Speed
Vertical Speed Bug
Vertical Speed Pointer
The Vertical Deviation/Glideslope Indicator appears
when an ILS is tuned in the active NAV field.
Figure 2-11 Vertical Speed Indicator
The actual vertical speed is displayed inside the
pointer.
When the Flight Director is placed in Vertical Speed
Mode (by pressing the VS Key) the Vertical Speed Bug
is displayed. Press the NOSE UP or NOSE DN Key to
adjust.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
2-5
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.7
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR
(HSI)
14
13
1
12
2
11
3
10
4
9
8
5
7
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Turn Rate Indicator
Lateral Deviation Scale
Navigation Source
Aircraft Symbol
Course Deviation Indicator
Rotating Compass Rose
OBS Mode
TO/FROM Indicator
Heading Bug
Course Pointer
Flight Phase
Turn Rate and Heading Trend Vector
Heading
Lubber Line
Figure 2-12 Horizontal Situation Indicator
2-6
Arc HSI
The HSI compass can be displayed as a 360° rose or
140° arc (see Figure 2-15) by pressing the PFD Softkey,
followed by the 360 HSI or the ARC HSI Softkey.
NOTE: When the Arc HSI is displayed, the BRG1
and BRG2 information windows and pointers are
disabled.
NOTE: If the pilot makes a heading change
greater than 105˚ with respect to the course, the
CDI switches to the opposite side of the deviation
scale and displays reverse sensing.
Turn Rate Indicator and Heading Trend Vector
Tick marks to the left and right of the lubber line
denote half-standard and standard turn rates. A magenta
turn rate trend vector shows the current turn rate. The
end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in six
seconds, based on the present turn rate. At rates greater
than 4 deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the
magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer
valid.
Half-Standard Turn
Rate Tick Mark
Standard Turn
Rate Tick Mark
Turn Rate
Trend Vector
(rate > 4
deg/sec)
Figure 2-13 Turn Rate Indicator and Trend Vector
Turn Rate
Trend Vector
(standard rate)
Figure 2-14 Standard-Rate Turn Indication
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Course Pointer
Bearing Pointers and Information Windows
The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS, VOR1,
and LOC1) or double line arrow (VOR2 and LOC2) which
points in the direction of the set course.
Pressing the PFD Softkey provides access to the BRG1
and BRG2 softkeys. The BRG1 pointer is a single line
pointer. The BRG2 pointer is a double line pointer.
DME
Information Bearing 1
Pointer
Window
Bearing 2
Pointer
Course Deviation
Lateral Deviation
TO/FROM Indicator
Scale
Figure 2-15 Arc CDI and Compass Rose CDI
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
The CDI scale automatically adjusts to the current
phase of flight (enroute 5.0 nm, terminal area 1.0 nm,
or approach 0.3 nm). Scaling may be selected manually
from the MFD System Setup Page. See Sytsem Setup in
the G1000 Pilot’s Guide for more detail.
Bearing 1
Information
Window
Bearing 2
Information
Window
Figure 2-16 HSI with Bearing Information
Distance to
Bearing Source
Waypoint
Identifier
Bearing
Pointer
Source
Icon
Figure 2-17 BRG1 Information Window
Distance to
Bearing Source
Waypoint
Identifier
Bearing
Pointer
Source
Icon
Figure 2-18 BRG2 Information Window
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
2-7
SECTION 2
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
DME (optional)
To display the DME Information Window, press the
PFD Softkey followed by the DME Softkey.
Figure 2-19 DME Information Window
Navigation Source
To change between navigation sources:
1)
Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to
VOR1/LOC1.
2)
Press the CDI Softkey again to change from
VOR1/LOC1 to VOR2/LOC2.
3)
Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to
GPS.
When using GPS as the navigation source, the following
may appear:
• INTEG – GPS information is either not present or
is invalid for navigation use
• WARN – GPS detects a position error
• SUSP – Displayed when in OBS Mode indicating
GPS waypoint sequencing is suspended.
Figure 2-20 GPS INTEG, GPS SUSP, LOC1 and VOR2
To enable/disable OBS Mode while navigating
with GPS:
1)
Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn the CRS Knob to select the desired course
TO/FROM the waypoint.
3)
Press the OBS Softkey again to return to
normal operation.
NOTE: The OBS Softkey is only displayed when
navigating an active leg using GPS.
2-8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 3 – ENGINE
INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS)
SECTION 3: ENGINE INDICATION
SYSTEM (EIS)
3.1
ENGINE DISPLAY
The Mooney M20R Default Engine Page is shown in
Figure 3-1. The M20TN display is similar, but shows
Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT) instead of Exhaust Gas
Temperature (EGT). The M20M display is also similar to
Figure 3-1, but shows TIT and Fuel Pressure (instead of
EGT and Fuel Flow). In all cases green indicates normal
operation, yellow indicates caution, and red indicates
warning.
Pressing the ENGINE Softkey makes available the
LEAN and SYSTEM softkeys which in turn provide access
to the Lean Page and the System Page, respectively.
Manifold
Pressure
Gauge
RPM Gauge
Fuel Quantity
Indicator
Fuel Flow
Indicator
Oil Pressure
Indicator
3.2
LEAN ENGINE DISPLAY
The Mooney M20R Lean Engine Page is shown in
Figure 3-2. The M20M/M20TN display is similar, but also
shows Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT).
Fuel Flow
Readout
Exhaust Gas
Temperature
Bar Graph
EGT Readout
For Selected
Cylinder
Cylinder Head
Temperature
Bar Graph
CHT Readout
For Selected
Cylinder
Figure 3-2 M20R LEAN Engine Page
Cylinder Select
Oil Temperature
Indicator
Cylinder Head
Temperature
Indicator
Voltmeter
Ammeter
Figure 3-1 M20R Default Engine Page
In aircraft with the extended range 55 gallon tanks option,
the fuel quantity will still show 45 gallons when full.
The CYL SLCT Softkey can be utilized to obtain
information about a particular cylinder.
The CYL SLCT Softkey becomes disabled when
a particular cylinder turns yellow or red, until the
temperature decreases and returns to normal or when the
ASSIST Softkey is pressed.
Pressing the ASSIST Softkey causes the first cylinder
that peaks to become highlighted and information for that
cylinder to be displayed.
Any exceedance of default Engine Page parameters,
while viewing the Lean Engine Page, will cause the display
to automatically switch back to the default Engine Page.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
3-1
SECTION 3 – ENGINE
INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS)
3.3
ENGINE SYSTEM DISPLAY
The Mooney M20R System Engine display is shown in
Figure 3-3. The M20TN display is similar, but also shows
Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT). The M20M display is
also similar to Figure 3-3, but shows Fuel Pressure instead
of Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT), and also shows TIT.
If desired, use the DEC FUEL, INC FUEL, and RST
FUEL softkeys to adjust the amount of fuel remaining for
totalizer calculations.
NOTE: Fuel calculations do not use the aircraft
fuel quantity indicators, and are calculated from
the last time the fuel was reset.
Any exceedance of default Engine Page parameters,
while viewing the System Engine Page, will cause the
display to automatically switch back to the default Engine
Page.
3.4
FLAP & TRIM INDICATIONS
The flap and trim indicators are located on the MFD
next to the engine indicating displays.
Rudder Trim Indicator
Actual trim position is shown using a blue inverted
triangle. The ‘takeoff’ rudder trim position is shown in
white.
Elevator Trim Indicator
Trim position is shown by a blue triangle. A white
block indicates ‘takeoff’ elevator trim position.
Flaps Position Indicator
The Flaps Position Indicator shows the current
position of the flaps. The three possible positions, up,
take-off, and down, are depicted in cyan as ‘UP’, ‘T/O’,
and ‘DN’, respectively. During flaps position transition,
‘///’ is displayed in the window.
Aircraft Total
Time in Service
Fuel Remaining
Flap
Position
Rudder Trim
Takeoff Position
Elevator Trim
Takeoff Position
Trim Position
Indicator
Figure 3-3 M20R SYSTEM Engine Page
3-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
SECTION 4: NAV/COM AND
TRANSPONDER
The Nav/Com controls and frequency windows are
located on the Primary Flight Display and the MultiFunction Display in the same locations.
NAV
Controls
NAV Frequency Window
COM Frequency Window
COM
Controls
Figure 4-1 G1000 VHF NAV/COM Interface (PFD)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
4-1
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
Standby NAV
Frequency Field
Tuning Box
Selected NAV
Frequency
Active NAV
Frequency Field
Navigation Status Window
Selected COM
Frequency
Figure 4-2 Frequency Fields
Frequency Toggle Arrow
Active COM
Frequency Field
Tuning Box
Figure 4-3 Frequency Toggle Arrow and Tuning Box
NAV Controls
COM Controls
VOL/PUSH
ID Knob
VOL/PUSH
SQ Knob
Frequency Toggle Key
Dual NAV
Knob
Dual COM
Knob
• Turn to tune in desired
frequencies.
• Press to change tuning box
positions.
Figure 4-4 NAV/COM Controls
4-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Standby COM
Frequency Field
Tuning Box
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
4.1
RADIO STATUS INDICATIONS
4.4
QUICKLY ACTIVATING 121.500 MHZ
• RX – When a COM signal is received, a white ‘RX’
appears by the active COM frequency during signal
reception.
Pressing and holding the COM Frequency Toggle Key
for approximately two (2) seconds automatically tunes the
selected COM radio to the emergency frequency.
• TX – When a COM radio is keyed, a white TX
indication appears to the right of the corresponding
COM frequency.
4.5
• ID – When the Morse code identifier is ON for a NAV
radio, a white ID indication appears to the left of
the corresponding active NAV frequency. The Morse
code identifier can be heard if the corresponding
NAV radio is selected on the audio panel.
OPTIONAL NAV RADIOS
The Tuning Window is displayed by pressing the ADF/
DME Softkey (if no ADF is installed, the softkey will be
labeled DME).
Figure 4-5 Radio Status Indications
4.2
Figure 4-7 ADF/DME Tuning Window
VOLUME
‘VOLUME’ is displayed in place of the associated radio
name (i.e., ‘COM1’ or ‘NAV2’) for two seconds after the
volume level is last changed. The percentage of maximum
volume is displayed in place of the standby frequency
selected by the tuning box.
Figure 4-6 COM Volume Level
4.3
ADF Radio (optional)
To tune the ADF:
1)
From the Tuning Window, turn the Large FMS
Knob to highlight the ADF tuning field.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to enter the first
digit.
3)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the next
desired digit field. Turn the Small FMS Knob to
again select the desired digit.
4)
When the desired frequency is entered press
the ENT Key to transfer the frequency into the
active field.
5)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the MODE
field. Turn the Small FMS Knob to select ADF
or BFO.
AUTOMATIC SQUELCH
Automatic squelch can be disabled for a COM radio
by pressing the COM Knob to place the tuning box on
the desired COMs standby frequency, then by pressing the
VOL/PUSH SQ Knob.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
4-3
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
6)
7)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the volume
field if desired. Turn the Small FMS Knob to
adjust the ADF volume to the desired level.
4.6
FREQUENCY AUTO-TUNING
Auto-tuning on the PFD
Press the FMS Knob to exit all the fields.
DME Radio (optional)
Figure 4-10 Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
Figure 4-8 Radio Tuning Window
To change the DME tuning source:
1)
From the Tuning Window, turn the Large FMS
Knob to highlight the DME source field.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display the selection
window. Turn the FMS Knob to select the
desired mode and press the ENT Key.
1)
Press the NRST Softkey to display the Nearest
Airports Window.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired
frequency.
3)
Press the ENT Key to place the frequency in the
standby field of the active COM.
4)
Press the Frequency Toggle Key to place the
frequency in the active field.
NAV frequencies are entered automatically in the NAV
Window upon approach loading or approach activation.
Auto-tuning on the MFD
Figure 4-9 DME Selection Window
4-4
Auto-tuning on the MFD is done in much the same way
as on the PFD. Use the FMS Knob to select the desired
frequency on any of the information pages. Pressing the
ENT Key then loads the selected frequency in the tuning
box as a standby frequency.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
4.7
TRANSPONDER
Mode Selection
The STBY, ON, and ALT softkeys can be accessed by
pressing the XPDR Softkey.
Ground Mode (Automatic)
GND is displayed when the aircraft is on the ground.
Figure 4-11 Ground Mode
Reply Status
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations,
an “R” indication appears momentarily in the reply status
field.
Following is a list of important codes:
• 1200 – VFR code in the U.S. (please refer to the
ICAO standards for VFR codes in other countries).
• 7000 – VFR code commonly used in Europe
(please refer to the ICAO standards).
• 7500 – Hijack code.
• 7600 – Loss of communication code.
• 7700 – Emergency code.
• 7777 – Military interceptor operations code
(NEVER ENTER THIS CODE).
• 0000 – Code for military use (in the U.S.).
Flight ID Reporting
If so configured, the Flight ID may be entered in the
Timer/Reference window.
Figure 4-12 Reply Indication
Code Selection
1)
Press the XPDR Softkey to display the
transponder Mode Selection softkeys.
2)
Press the CODE Softkey to display the
transponder Code Selection softkeys, which
includes the digit softkeys.
3)
Press the appropriate digit softkeys to enter
the code in the four-digit code field of the
Transponder Status Bar. Five seconds after the
fourth digit has been entered, the transponder
code becomes activated.
Flight ID
Figure 4-13 Timer/References Window
When entering a code, press the BKSP Softkey
as needed to back up and change code
digits.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
4-5
SECTION 4 – NAV/COM &
TRANSPONDER
Blank Page
4-6
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 5 – AUDIO PANEL
SECTION 5: AUDIO PANEL
Transceiver Audio
(COM 3 is unavailable)
Transmitters
(COM3 MIC is unavailable)
Split COM
Telephone (Unavailable)
Passenger Address
Speaker
Marker Beacon/Mute
Marker Beacon Signal Sensitivity
Aircraft Navigation Radio Audio
(ADF & DME optional, AUX
unavailable)
Manual Squelch
Aircraft Navigation Radio Audio
Recorded COM Audio Playback
ICS Isolation
VOL/SQ
Volume/Squelch
VOL Annunciation
SQ Annunciation
Reversionary Mode
Figure 5-1 Audio Panel Controls
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
5-1
SECTION 5 – AUDIO PANEL
5.1
COM RADIO SELECTION
Pressing the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key selects
the active transmitter (i.e., microphone). The associated
receiver audio (COM1 or COM2) also becomes selected
when the COM MIC key is pressed.
To prevent deselecting the desired received audio
when pressing another COM MIC key, press the already
selected COM1 or COM2 Key before pressing the other
COM MIC key.
In this mode, both the pilot and the copilot can transmit
simultaneously over separate radios. The pilot can still
monitor NAV1, NAV2, and MKR audio as selected, but
the copilot is only able to monitor COM2.
5.3
MARKER BEACON RECEIVER
The marker beacon receiver is always ON. Only the
marker beacon audio can be turned off. Figure 5-4 shows
the marker beacon annunciators on the PFD
Inner Marker
Annunciator
Middle Marker
Annunciator
Figure 5-2 Transceivers
5.2
SPLIT COM FUNCTION
Outer Marker
Annunciator
NOTE: Split COM performance is affected by
the distance between the antennas and the
separation of the tuned frequencies.
Figure 5-4 Marker Beacon Signal Indicator Lights on the PFD
Figure 5-3 Split COM Function
Pressing the COM 1/2 Key selects and deselects the split
COM function. During split COM operation, the COM1,
COM1 MIC, COM2, and COM2 MIC keys are active.
When the COM 1/2 Key is selected, COM1 is used by
the pilot for transmission and COM2 is used by the copilot.
The COM1 MIC annunciator blinks when the pilot’s
microphone is keyed and the COM2 MIC annunciator
blinks when the copilot’s microphone is keyed.
5-2
When the MKR/MUTE Key is pressed, the key
annunciator is lit and the audio tone can be heard over
the speaker or headsets during marker beacon reception.
When the tone is active, pressing the MKR/MUTE
Key once mutes the audio but does not affect the marker
annunciator. The audio returns when the next marker
signal is received.
To turn off the marker beacon audio, press the MKR/
MUTE Key once when there is no marker indication
present, or press twice when an indication is present. The
key annunciator will be extinguished when the marker
beacon audio is turned off.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 5 – AUDIO PANEL
Marker Beacon Signal Sensitivity
The HI SENS Key can be pressed for increased marker
beacon signal sensitivity.
Figure 5-6 Navigation Radios
5.5
Figure 5-5 Marker Beacon
5.4
NAV RADIO AUDIO SELECTION
Pressing DME, ADF, NAV1, or NAV2 selects and
deselects the radio source and activates the annunciator.
Selected audio can be heard over the headset and the
speakers. These four keys can be selected individually
or together.
Mode
ALL
PILOT KEY
ANNUNCIATOR
OFF
INTERCOM SYSTEM (ICS) ISOLATION
Press the PILOT and/or COPLT Key to select who
is isolated from hearing the Nav/Com radios and music.
Selection scenarios are addressed in Table 5-1.
Figure 5-7 ICS Isolation
COPLT KEY
ANNUNCIATOR
Pilot Hears
Copilot Hears
OFF
Selected radios;
pilot; copilot;
passengers;
MUSIC 1
Selected radios;
pilot; copilot;
passengers;
MUSIC 1
Passenger
Hears
Selected radios;
pilot; copilot;
passengers;
MUSIC 2
Copilot;
passengers;
MUSIC 1
Copilot;
passengers;
MUSIC 2
PILOT
ON
OFF
Selected radios;
pilot
COPILOT
OFF
ON
Selected radios;
pilot; passengers;
MUSIC 1
Copilot
Selected radios;
pilot; passengers;
MUSIC 2
CREW
ON
ON
Selected radios;
pilot; copilot
Selected radios;
pilot; copilot
Passengers;
MUSIC 2
Table 5-1 ICS Isolation Modes
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
5-3
SECTION 5 – AUDIO PANEL
5.6
INTERCOM SQUELCH CONTROL
Select manual squelch for intercom audio by pressing
the MAN SQ Key to light the annunciator.
Pressing the small VOL/SQ Knob now toggles between
volume and squelch adjustment by lighting VOL or SQ
respectively.
Figure 5-8 Volume/Squelch Control
5.7
Figure 5-9 Playback
• Pressing PLAY once plays back the latest recorded
memory block, then returns to normal operation.
• Pressing PLAY during playback of a memory block
halts the playback of this block and plays back the
preceding recorded block. The PLAY Key can be
used to backtrack through the recorded memory
blocks to reach and play back any desired block.
• Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key during playback
halts playback and returns the recorder/playback
to normal operation.
If a COM input signal is detected during playback,
playback is halted and the new COM input signal is
recorded as the latest block.
DIGITAL CLEARANCE RECORDER
AND PLAYBACK
Each reception of primary active COM audio is
automatically recorded in a memory block. When the next
transmission is received, it is recorded in the next memory
block, and so on. Once the 2.5 minutes of recording time
has been reached, the recorder begins recording over the
stored memory blocks, starting from the oldest block.
Powering off the unit automatically clears all recorded
blocks.
5-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
SECTION 6: AUTOMATIC FLIGHT
CONTROL
NOTE: The information in this section is not
applicable to the M20TN aircraft. Refer to the
pilot’s guide for the installed autopilot system.
one side of the switch is active for more than three
seconds without the other side also being active,
‘PTRM’ is displayed in the AFCS System Status field
on the PFD. Pressing the MET ARM Switch also
acknowledges an autopilot disconnect.
In addition to the AFCS (Automatic Flight Control
System) keys on the MFD, as discussed in the System
Overview section, the following buttons and switches
used by the AFCS are located in the cockpit separately
from the PFD and MFD.
• AP DISC (Autopilot Disconnect) Button —
Located on the pilot’s control wheel, pressing this
button disengages the autopilot. Pressing it also
acknowledges an autopilot disconnect.
• CWS (Control Wheel Steering) Button —
Located on the pilot’s control wheel, pressing and
holding the CWS Button disengages the control
surface servos without disengaging the autopilot. If
the flight director has not been activated, pressing
the CWS Button will activate the flight director in
the default pitch and roll hold modes.
• GA (Go Around) Button — Located on the
instrument panel, the GA Button disengages the
autopilot and selects the Go Around Pitch and Roll
(wings level) modes.
• MET (Manual Electric Trim) Switch — This
switch is used to operate manual electric pitch trim.
Moving both switches forward simultaneously trims
the aircraft nose down. Moving both switches aft
simultaneously trims the aircraft nose up. The left
switch is the ARM contact and the right switch
controls the up/down trim. Pressing the ARM Switch
disengages the autopilot, if currently engaged. If
Figure 6-1 AFCS Keys
Pressing the FD Key activates only the flight director
in the default Pitch Hold/Roll modes without engaging
the autopilot. Pressing the AP Key activates the flight
director, and engages the autopilot. When only the flight
director is engaged, pressing the FD Key disengages the
flight director.
Upon activation of the autopilot and/or flight director,
command bars are displayed on the PFD. If the attitude
information being sent to the flight director becomes
invalid or unavailable, the command bars are removed
from the display.
Figure 6-2 Command Bars
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-1
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
6.1
MODE ANNUNCIATIONS
6.2
Mode annunciations are displayed on the PFD. Figure
6-3 shows the AFCS Status Bar fields. Modes associated
with aircraft movement about the roll axis are displayed
on the left side. Modes associated with aircraft movement
about the pitch axis are displayed on the right. Armed
modes are displayed in white and active modes are
displayed in green.
Active Mode
Autopilot Status
Armed Mode
Roll Axis Modes
OVERSPEED PROTECTION
An overspeed annunciation (flashing inverse video) is
displayed above the airspeed tape.
Figure 6-4 Overspeed Annunciation
When an overspeed caution occurs, reduce engine
power and/or adjust the pitch reference to slow the
aircraft.
Mode Reference
Armed Mode
Active Mode
AFCS Status Bar
System Status Field
(see Annunciations & Alerts)
Selected Altitude
Box
Aircraft Attitude
Symbol
Flight Director
Command Bars
Figure 6-3 PFD AFCS Display
6-2
Pitch Axis Modes
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
6.3
AP ENGAGEMENT/DISENGAGEMENT
When the key is pressed, the system engages the
autopilot. If the flight director is not already active, it is
also engaged when the AP Key is pressed.
Autopilot engagement is displayed in the Autopilot
Status field of the AFCS Status Bar. Autopilot engagement
is indicated by a green ‘AP’.
Autopilot Engaged
Figure 6-5 Autopilot Engaged Annunciation
Automatic Disengagement
Automatic disengagement typically occurs due to a
failure. Automatic disengagement is annunciated by a
flashing ‘AP’, alternating red on white and white on red in
the Autopilot Status field. Also, the autopilot disconnect
aural alert will be heard. Both the annunciation and the
aural alert will continue until acknowledged by pressing
the AP DISC Button or the MET ARM Switch.
Automatic Disconnect
Manual Disengagement
The autopilot may also be manually disengaged by
pressing the AP DISC Button, the GA Button, the MET
ARM Switch, or by pressing the AP Key on the MFD.
Manual disengagement is annunciated by a five-second
flashing yellow ‘AP’ in the Autopilot Status field and by a
two-second autopilot disconnect aural alert.
Manual Disconnect
Figure 6-7 Manual Disconnect Annunciation
Control Wheel Steering
Pressing and holding the CWS Button disengages the
servos from the flight control surfaces and allows manual
manuevering of the aircraft. At the same time, the flight
director is synchronized to the aircraft attitude during the
maneuver. The ‘AP’ annunciation is temporarily replaced
by ‘CWS’ in white until the CWS Button is released.
Control Wheel Steering
Figure 6-8 CWS Annunciation
Figure 6-6 Automatic Disconnect Annunciation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-3
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
6.4
LOSS OF DATA
In general, a flashing yellow mode annunciation
indicates either the loss of sensor data (AHRS, ADC,
or GIA) or loss of navigation data (VOR, LOC, or GPS)
required to compute commands.
When such a loss occurs, the system automatically
reverts to the default mode for the affected axis (ROL for
roll axis, PIT for pitch axis). The flashing annunciation
stops when the pilot presses the affected mode button or
selects another mode for the axis. If no pilot action is
taken, the flashing annunciation stops after ten seconds.
Figure 6-9 Loss of VOR Signal
6.5
PITCH AXIS MODES
Mode annunciations for active pitch axis modes are
shown in green during normal operation. Note the GoAround Button is not located on the MFD.
AFCS Key
FD/AP only
ALT
VS
FLC
APR
GA
AFCS Mode
Annunciation
Pitch Hold (Default)
PIT
Altitude Hold
ALT nnnnn FT
Vertical Speed
VS nnnn FPM
Flight Level Change
FLC nnn KT
Glideslope (vertical comGS
ponent of Approach)
Go Around
GA
The default pitch axis mode is Pitch Hold (PIT). When
no other pitch axis modes are selected, this is the active
pitch axis mode when the autopilot and/or flight director
is engaged.
6-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)
1)
5)
Press the AP or FD Key. ‘PIT’ will be displayed
in green in the Active Mode field of the AFCS
Status Bar. The system will maintain or give
command bar direction for a constant pitch
attitude (pitch reference) depending on which
key is pressed.
If desired, enter an altitude in the Selected
Altitude Box by turning the ALT Knob. As the
selected altitude is reached ‘ALT’ will flash in
green for 10 seconds in the Acitve Mode field,
after which the annunciation stops flashing.
This signals the altitude capture is complete
and the selected altitude will be maintained.
Pitch Hold Mode is active
Altitude Hold Mode is armed
Flight Director
command bars
maintain desired
pitch reference
Figure 6-10 Pitch Hold Mode
2)
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed
with ‘ALT’ displayed white in the Armed Mode
field to the right of the ‘PIT’ annunciation.
3)
Pitch attitude can be adjusted in 0.5 degree
increments by pressing the NOSE UP/NOSE DN
keys.
4)
Aircraft pitch may also be changed by pressing
and holding the CWS Button to manually
establish the desired pitch using the control
wheel. When the CWS Button is released, the
current pitch angle will be maintained.
If only the flight director is engaged, pitch and
roll commands are given to manually maintain
the selected altitude.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-5
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)
1)
Press the ALT Key. The flight director is activated
(if not already active) and ‘ALT’ is now displayed
in green in the Active Mode field with the
current altitude displayed in the Altitude
Reference field.
2)
Pitch and roll commands will be given to
manually maintain the current altitude.
Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot for
maintaining the current altitude.
Altitude Hold Mode is active
NOTE: If the Selected Altitude is captured during
CWS maneuvering, the Flight Director altitude
reference is not changed. To adjust the altitude
reference in this case, the pilot must again press
the CWS Button after the Selected Altitude is
captured.
Altitude Reference
Flight Director
command bars
hold pitch attitude
to maintain the
altitude reference
Figure 6-11 Altitude Hold Mode
3)
6-6
To change aircraft altitude, press and hold
the CWS Button and manually maneuver
to the desired altitude. Upon reaching the
desired altitude, release the CWS Button. This
new altitude is now displayed in the Altitude
Reference field. The autopilot will now hold
the aircraft at this altitude.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)
1)
Press the VS Key. The flight director is now
activated (if not already active) and ‘VS’ is
displayed in green in the Active Mode field
and the Vertical Speed Bug will appear on the
Vertical Speed Indicator. Pitch commands are
given to manually maintain vertical speed.
Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot for
maintaining the current vertical speed.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed
with ‘ALT’ displayed white in the Armed Mode
field to the right of the ‘VS’ annunciation.
2)
The Vertical Speed Bug can be adjusted in 100
fpm increments by pressing the NOSE UP/NOSE
DN keys to set the desired vertical speed. The
vertical speed setting will be displayed in the
Selected Vertical Speed box and in the Vertical
Speed Reference field in the AFCS Status Bar.
Vertical Speed Mode is active
The Vertical Speed box is located above the VSI
when the aircraft is climbing and below the VSI
when descending.
3)
Vertical speed may also be changed by pressing
and holding the CWS Button to manually
establish the desired vertical speed using
the control wheel. When the CWS Button is
released, the current vertical speed will be
maintained.
4)
A desired altitude may be entered in the
Selected Altitude Box by turning the ALT
Knob. With Altitude Hold Mode armed, as the
selected altitude is reached ‘ALT’ will flash in
green for 10 seconds in the Active Mode field,
after which the annunciation stops flashing.
This signals the altitude capture is complete
and the selected altitude will be maintained.
If only the flight director is engaged, pitch and
roll commands are given to manually maintain
the selected altitude.
Vertical Speed Reference
Altitude Hold is Armed
Selected Altitude
Selected Vertical
Speed
Vertical Speed
Reference Bug
Flight Director
command bars
indicating a climb
at the prescribed
vertical speed,
to the Selected
Altitude
Figure 6-12 Vertical Speed Hold Mode
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-7
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC)
1)
2)
3)
Select the desired altitude by turning the
ALT Knob to set the altitude in the Altitude
Select box. This altitude must be selected first
because Flight Level Change Mode will only fly
toward a selected altitude.
Press the FLC Key. The flight director is
activated (if not already active) and ‘FLC’ is
now displayed in green in the Active Mode
field and the Airspeed Bug will appear on the
Airspeed Indicator. Pitch commands are given
to manually maintain airspeed. Press the AP
Key to engage the autopilot for maintaining
the current airspeed.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed
with ‘ALT’ displayed white in the Armed Mode
field to the right of the ‘FLC’ annunciation.
The Airspeed Bug can be adjusted in 1 knot
increments by pressing the NOSE UP/NOSE DN
keys to set the desired airspeed. The airspeed
setting will be displayed in the Selected
Flight Level Change Mode is active
4)
5)
6)
Airspeed Reference
Airspeed box above the Airspeed Indicator and
in the Airspeed Reference field in the AFCS
Status Bar.
Airspeed may also be changed by pressing and
holding the CWS Button to manually establish
the desired airspeed using the control wheel.
When the CWS Button is released, the current
airspeed will be maintained.
Adjust engine power to allow the autopilot
to fly the aircraft at a pitch attitude which
corresponds to the selected airspeed and the
desired flight profile (descent or climb).
With Altitude Hold Mode armed, as the selected
altitude is reached, ‘ALT’ will flash in green
for 10 seconds in the Acitve Mode field, after
which the annunciation stops flashing. This
signals the altitude capture is complete and
the selected altitude will be maintained at the
selected airspeed. If only the flight director
is engaged, pitch commands are given to
manually maintain the selected altitude.
Altitude Hold Mode is armed
Selected Altitude
Selected Airspeed
Airspeed Reference
Bug
Figure 6-13 Flight Level Change Mode
6-8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Go-Around Mode (GA)
Glideslope (GS)
Pressing the GA Button (not located on the MFD)
engages the flight director in a wings level, 7 degree pitch
up attitude. Go-Around Mode disengages the autopilot,
and arms Altitude Hold Mode automatically. Subsequent
autopilot engagement is also allowed. If the pitch attitude
is changed manually (e.g with the CWS Button or the
NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys), Pitch and Roll Hold modes
will automatically be selected.
NOTE: Pressing the CWS button while Glideslope
Mode is active does not cancel the mode.
The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the
glideslope upon release of the CWS button.
Glideslope Mode is only available when the flight
director has been set for approach. Glideslope Mode is
automatically armed under the following conditions:
• Valid localizer frequency is tuned
• Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) is in LOC
mode, with valid deviation indication
• Valid glideslope deviation
• APR Key is pressed
Go Around Mode is
active in both pitch
axis & roll axis modes
Autopilot disconnect annunciation
flashes yellow for 5 seconds
Flight Director
command bars
indicating climb
Figure 6-14 Go-Around Mode
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-9
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
6.6
ROLL AXIS MODES
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)
Mode annunciations for active roll axis modes are
shown in green during normal operation.
AFCS
Key
FD/AP only
HDG
NAV
APR
GA
AFCS Mode
Annunciation
Roll Hold (Default)
Heading Select
VOR Enroute
Arm / Capture / Track
GPS Arm / Capture / Track
BC Arm / Capture / Track
LOC Arm / Capture / Track;
(No Glideslope)
GPS Arm / Capture / Track
VOR Approach
Arm / Capture / Track
ILS Approach
Arm / Capture / Track
(Glideslope Pitch Mode
automatically armed)
Go Around (Wings Level)
ROL
HDG
Press the FD or AP Key.
If the aircraft bank angle is ≥ 6 degrees when
the key is pressed, Roll Hold Mode is selected by
default. Roll attitude at the time of activation
is maintained by the autopilot up to 25˚. If
only the flight director is active, command bars
indicate the proper roll attitude.
If the aircraft bank angle is < 6 degrees
when the key is pressed, the aircraft will be
maintained at wings level. If only the flight
director is active, command bars give guidance
to maintain wings level.
VOR
GPS
BC
LOC
Roll Hold Mode is annunciated by ‘ROL’.
GPS
Figure 6-15 Roll Hold Mode
VAPP
2)
LOC
GA
The default roll axis mode is Roll Hold (ROL). When
no other roll axis modes are selected, this is the active
roll axis mode when the autopilot and/or flight director
is engaged.
6-10
1)
A new heading can be established by pressing
and holding the CWS Button and manually
turning the aircraft to the desired new heading.
Release the CWS Button and the aircraft will
maintain wings level at approximately the new
heading, but will not hold the heading. The
same practice applies to holding roll attitude.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Heading Select Mode (HDG)
1)
2)
3)
Turn the HDG Knob to move the Heading Bug
on the HSI to the desired heading. When the
knob is turned, the Selected Heading box will
appear and remain for three seconds after the
knob stops moving. The selected heading will
be displayed in the Selected Heading box.
With the autopilot and/or flight director
engaged, press the HDG Key. ‘HDG’ is now
displayed in green in the Active Mode field. If
the autopilot is engaged, the aircraft will begin
to turn toward the selected heading. When
the selected heading is reached, the aircraft
will maintain this heading. If only the flight
director is engaged, manually maneuver the
aircraft to the command bars to aquire the
selected heading.
Heading Select Mode
The heading may be adjusted by turning the
HDG Knob and moving the Heading Bug to a
new heading. The aircraft will turn in the same
direction the Heading Bug is moved. However,
if the Heading Bug is moved more than 340
degrees at a time, a turn reversal will be the
result.
Altitude Hold Mode is active
Flight Director
command bars
tracking Selected
Heading
Selected Heading
Box
Selected Heading
Bug
Figure 6-16 Heading Select Mode
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-11
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Navigation Mode (GPS, VOR, LOC, or BC)
Pressing the NAV Key activates the Navigation Mode.
The Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation receiver on the HSI (e.g. GPS, VOR or LOC).
GPS roll steering commands are followed when the HSI
is in GPS Mode, and creates roll steering commands from
the Selected Course and deviation when the HSI is in
VOR, LOC, or BC (backcourse) modes.
Navigation Mode Armed
If the CDI is not centered (deviation >1 dot) when the
Navigation Mode is selected, the mode is automatically
armed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the
left of the active roll axis mode.
See the Example Procedures Using AFCS section for
more information.
Turning the CRS Knob moves the Course Pointer and
displays the Selected Course box. The Selected Course
is displayed in the box. The box is displayed while the
knob is turning and disappears three seconds after the
knob stops turning.
Backcourse Mode is automatically selected when the
localizer front course is greater than 105 degrees from the
aircraft heading.
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set
Selected Course to the localizer front course.
Navigation Mode is active using GPS source
Flight Level Change Mode is active
Altitude Hold is armed
Flight Director command
bars indicating a left
turn to track GPS course
and a climb to intercept
Selected Altitude
Selected Course
GPS is active
navigation receiver
on the HSI.
Figure 6-17 Navigation Mode
6-12
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Approach Mode (GPS, VAPP or LOC)
The Approach Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation receiver on the HSI (GPS, VOR or LOC). This
mode uses the selected navigation receiver deviation and
desired course inputs to fly the approach. The Approach
Mode provides greater sensitivity for VOR tracking than
Navigation Mode, and allows the autopilot to fly an ILS
approach with a glideslope.
NOTE: The Glideslope Mode is automatically
armed when LOC Mode is selected on the HSI.
Approach Mode is active
If the CDI is not centered (deviation >1 dot) when the
Approach Mode is selected, the mode is automatically
armed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the
left of the active roll axis mode.
See the Example Procedures Using AFCS section for
more information.
Go Around (GA)
Go Around Mode maintains a wings level, 7 degree
nose up attitude for instances where the pilot wishes to
execute a missed approach or go around. Figure 6-14
depicts the Go Around Mode on the PFD.
Glideslope is active
Flight Director
command bars
indicating descent
on localizer/
glideslope path
LOC2 is the
active navigation
receiver on the
HSI
Figure 6-18 Approach Mode
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-13
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
6.7
EXAMPLE PROCEDURES USING AFCS
NOTE: The diagrams in the following examples
are for instructional purposes only and may not
be current.
This section provides a scenario-based set of procedures
showing various autopilot modes used during a flight. In
this scenario, the aircraft departs Reid-Hillview Airport
(KRHV) from runway 13L, enroute to Fresno Yosemite
International Airport (KFAT). Climb to an altitude
of 7,000 feet MSL and fly a heading of 070 degrees to
intercept airway V107. Fly airway V107 to Panoche
VORTAC (PXN) using VOR navigation, then fly airway
V230 using a GPS flight plan. Prior to reaching Clovis
VORTAC (CZQ), descend to 3,000 feet and load the ILS
approach to R29R at KFAT. Fly the ILS approach and
execute a missed approach.
KRHV
070
33
0
27
Clovis�
VORTAC
(CZQ)
12
21
18
24
9
Panoche�
VORTAC
(PXN)
12
21
6
27
9
V 230
24
3
30
0
6
33
3
30
10
7
15
V
15
18
KFAT
Figure 6-19 Flight Plan Overview
6-14
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Departure
4)
With the autopilot engaged in a climb, set
Selected Heading to 070 degrees using the
HDG Knob, then press the HDG Key. The
autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired
heading.
5)
As the aircraft climbs to the selected altitude,
the autopilot changes from Vertical Speed Mode
to Altitude Hold Mode. This is annunciated by
the green ‘ALT’ flashing for ten seconds.
6)
Upon reaching the selected altitude, the
autopilot completes the capture process and
levels the aircraft. From this point, the autopilot
continues to operate in Altitude Hold Mode.
To Climb to Selected Altitude and Fly an
Assigned Heading:
1)
2)
3)
Upon takeoff, set the Selected Altitude to 7,000
feet, using the ALT Knob. To have the autopilot
capture this altitude, select Pitch Hold, Vertical
Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode. In this
example, Vertical Speed Mode is used.
Upon reaching the desired vertical speed of
1000 fpm, press the VS Key. Altitude Hold
Mode is armed automatically.
After reaching the minimum engage altitude
and activating Vertical Speed Mode, press the
AP Key, engaging the autopilot in default Roll
Hold and Vertical Speed modes.
070
HDG Mode
3.
Selected Altitude of 7,000 MSL
5.ALT Mode
4.
1.
2.
M
VS
T
, AL
ode
d
rme
eA
Mod
Figure 6-20 Departure
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-15
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Intercepting a VOR Radial
3)
The system calculates the point at which the
autopilot changes from Heading Mode to
Navigation Mode. When the aircraft reaches
this point, ‘VOR’ flashes green in the active
mode field. The autopilot begins turning to
intercept the selected course.
4)
The autopilot continues the turn until the
aircraft is established on the selected course.
After climbout, the autopilot continues to fly the aircraft
on a heading of 070 degrees at an altitude of 7,000 feet.
Next, intercept airway V107 to Panoche VORTAC (PXN).
1)
Tune the VOR frequency, then set the CDI to
VOR by pressing the CDI Softkey.
Set the Selected Course to 116 degrees using
the CRS Knob. Note the autopilot is still in
Heading Mode and continues to fly a heading
of 070 degrees.
2)
Press the NAV Key. This arms the Navigation
Mode and the white annunciation ‘VOR’
appears to the left of the active Heading
Mode.
V
10
7
070
R
HDG Mode, VO
1.
Armed
2.
3.
VO
R
M
od
e
33
0
6
6
27
3
30
29
12
21
24
9
Panoche�
VORTAC�
(PXN)
15
18
Figure 6-21 Intercepting a VOR
6-16
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Flying a Flight Plan / GPS Course
3)
1)
The aircraft is currently tracking inbound on the
116 degree radial of Panoche VORTAC. Enter
Panoche VORTAC (PXN) and Clovis VORTAC
(CZQ) into the GPS flight plan, in preparation
to intercept this leg.
2)
With the flight plan activated, press the CDI
Softkey to set the CDI to GPS. This cancels VOR
Mode, and the autopilot loses the VOR signal.
As a result, the VOR annunciation flashes
yellow and the autopilot reverts to default Roll
Hold (ROL) Mode.
Now, press the NAV Key to reactivate the
autopilot using GPS guidance. At this moment,
the autopilot couples to GPS guidance and
steers the aircraft toward the active flight plan
leg.
Once the flight plan leg is intercepted, the
autopilot continues to track GPS guidance to
the end of the flight plan.
Flashes for ten seconds, then transitions to ROL..
0
1.
27
2.
0
24
12
GP
V 230
n Leg
ht Pla
S Flig
12
21
9
Panoche�
VORTAC
(PXN)
3.
21
SM
ode
6
27
GP
9
Clovis�
VORTAC
(CZQ)
3
30
33
24
6
15
18
M
od
e
18
R
15
VO
3
30
33
Figure 6-22 Transition to GPS Flight Plan
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-17
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Flight Level Change (Descent)
3)
1)
In preparation for the approach to KFAT, set
Selected Altitude to 3,000 feet using the ALT
Knob. Press the FLC Key. ‘FLC’ is annunciated
with the airspeed reference, which defaults
to the current aircraft airspeed. Altitude Hold
Mode is armed automatically. The current
cruise speed of 142 knots will be used for the
descent.
2)
To allow the aircraft to descend, power must
be reduced. The Autopilot maintains 142 knots
by controlling pitch.
1.
As the aircraft reaches the selected altitude,
the autopilot changes from Flight Level Change
Mode to Altitude Hold Mode. ‘ALT’ flashes
in green, indicating the selected altitude is
captured. After the capture is finished, the
autopilot holds the aircraft at the selected
altitude.
Cruise Altitude of 7,000 MSL
2.
FLC
Mod
e
3.
Selected Altitude of 3,000 MSL
ALT Hold Mode
Figure 6-23 FLC Descent
6-18
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
ILS Approach
Turn the HDG Knob to set the Heading Bug to
comply with ATC vectors, as requested.
4)
When cleared for the approach, press the APR
Key. ‘LOC’ and ‘GS’ appear in white in the
roll axis and pitch axis modes armed fields,
respectively. The autopilot will calculate when
to begin the turn to intercept the final approach
course.
5)
From this point, the autopilot flies the ILS. At
the Decision Height, press the AP DISC Button
and land the aircraft, or press the GA Button
to execute a missed approach.
0
3
30
33
27
6
Clovis
15
18
29
0
12
KFAT
2
G
HD
e
od
M
LO
C
/G
S
Mo
de
5.
02
5
1.
se
Cour
9
GPS
24
(CZQ)
21
2)
Load the Runway 29R ILS approach for KFAT
into the flight plan. ‘Vectors to Final’ is selected
for the transition. Upon being given vectors
from ATC, set the Selected Heading to the
heading given by ATC. and press the HDG Key.
The autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired
heading.
In preparation for the approach and at the
pilot’s discretion, tune the localizer frequency,
then set the CDI to LOC by pressing the CDI
Softkey.
12
1)
3)
HILAN
2.
11
0
4.
3.
075
Figure 6-24 ILS Approach to KFAT
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
6-19
SECTION 6 – AUTOMATIC
FLIGHT CONTROL
Go-Around / Missed Approach
30
CZQ
27
24
4.
12
21
15
18
e
6-20
At the holding pattern, the pilot commences
with the hold. To fly the hold using the
Autopilot, the pilot sets Selected Heading using
the HDG Knob and presses the HDG Key. The
HDG Knob is used for the remainder of the hold
to guide the aircraft.
G
9
4)
During the climb, set a desired hold altitude
in the Selected Altitude Box by turning the
ALT Knob. The CWS Button may be used to
manually set a new pitch attitude. Doing this
causes the autopilot to revert to the default
Pitch Hold (PIT) Mode and Altitude Hold is
armed. When the selected altitude is reached,
Altitude Hold Mode will become active and the
autopilot will maintain the selected altitude.
HD
0
33
od
SM
3)
e
d
Mo
6
Following the published Missed Approach
Procedure, climb to the prescribed altitude.
Press the AP Key, re-engaging the autopilot. To
have the autopilot fly to the hold point, set the
CDI to GPS by pressing the CDI Softkey. Press
the SUSP Softkey to resume the sequencing of
the approach legs to the Missed Approach Hold
Point (MAHP). Press the NAV Key. The autopilot
flies direct to Clovis VORTAC according to the
loaded approach.
GP
2)
3
When the decision is made to execute a missed
approach, apply full power and press the GA
Button. The autopilot will disconnect and the
flight director command bars will establish
a 7 degree nose-up climb. Note when the
autopilot disconnects the ‘AP’ annunciation
flashes yellow for five seconds. Manually fly
the aircraft to the command bars.
7
12
1)
3.
2.
KFAT
GA
Mo
de
Figure 6-25 Go Around / Missed Approach
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
1.
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
SECTION 7: NAVIGATION
The following discussions pertain to the Multi Function
Display, unless otherwise indicated.
7.1
NAVIGATION MAP PAGE
Select the MAP Page Group
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob until ‘MAP’ is
highlighted in the Page Group Window in the
lower right of the MFD display.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the first MAP
page (indicated by a solid rectangular icon).
3)
Press the MAP Softkey to display softkeys
for the available information which may be
displayed on the map.
WARNING: The map display should only be
used for situational awareness. Any map display
indication should be compared with approved
navigation sources.
7.2
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Direct-to Navigation from the MFD
Identifier
Facility Name
City
Symbol
Nearest Airport
Flight Plan Field
Map Orientation
Map of the
Selected
Waypoint
Map Range
Region
Latitude/
Longitude
Activate Field
Bearing
Distance
Direct-to
Course
Figure 7-2 MFD Direct-to Window
Enter a Direct-to Destination
1)
Press the Direct-to (
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to enter the first letter
of the destination waypoint identifier. Turn the
Large FMS Knob to the right to move the cursor
to the next character position.
3)
Repeat step 2 to spell out the rest of the
waypoint identifier.
4)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The
‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
5)
Press the ENT Key to activate.
) Key.
Select a Direct-to Destination to a Flight Plan
Waypoint or Nearest Airport
Figure 7-1 Navigation Map Page
1)
While navigating an active flight plan, press
the Direct-to (
) Key.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
‘FPL/NRST WAYPOINT’ field.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
7-1
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display a list of
waypoints or airports.
4)
Continue turning the Small FMS Knob to scroll
through the list and highlight the desired
waypoint or airport.
5)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
Press ENT again to activate a Direct-to.
To Re-center the CDI to the Destination Waypoint
Press the Direct-to (
) Key, followed
by pressing the ENT Key twice. If a missed
approach point (MAP) is the current destination,
the approach will be canceled.
Figure 7-3 Canceling Direct-to Navigation
Direct-to Navigation from the PFD
WPT Symbol
To Manually Define the Direct-to Course
Nearest WPT
Lat/Lon
Figure 7-4 PFD Direct-to Window
Press the Direct-to (
) Key and enter a
waypoint as discussed in previous steps, or to
edit the active direct-to.
1)
Press the Direct-to Key (
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to place the cursor
in the desired selection field.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
‘COURSE’ field.
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to begin selecting the
desired identifier, location, etc.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired course
and press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the ENT Key again to begin navigation
using the selected destination and course.
5)
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Press the ENT Key again to activate.
1)
Canceling Direct-to Navigation
7-2
WPT Location
Identifier
Facility Name
Flight Plan WPT
Bearing to WPT
Distance from WPT
Course to Selected WPT
1)
Press the Direct-to (
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Direct-to
options menu.
3)
With ‘Cancel Direct-To NAV’ highlighted, press
the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the
G1000 resumes navigating the flight plan
along the closest leg.
) Key.
).
Cancelling Direct-to Navigation
1)
Press the Direct-to (
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Options
Window. The cursor will be flashing on ‘Cancel
Direct-to NAV’.
3)
Press the ENT Key to cancel the direct-to.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
) Key.
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.3
AIRPORT INFORMATION
a list is displayed from which to choose the
desired location.
6)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS
Knob.
Access Runway Information
1)
With the Airport Information Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to place the cursor
on the ‘RUNWAYS’ identifier field.
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display the next
runway for the selected airport. Continue
turning the Small FMS Knob to select the
desired runway.
4)
To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS
Knob.
Figure 7-5 Airport Information Page
Select the Airport Information Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the first
rectangular page icon.
Enter a Waypoint Facility Name or City Location
1)
With the Airport Information Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the facility
name or location (city) field.
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the desired
first character.
4)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the next
character field.
5)
Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the facility name or
location is selected, then press the ENT Key.
If there are duplicate names in the database,
Access Frequency Information
1)
With the Airport Information Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the Frequencies Window.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list,
placing the cursor on the desired frequency.
If a listed frequency has sector or altitude
restrictions, the frequency is preceded by an
info (‘i’) designation. Press the ENT Key to
view the information. The following may be
displayed with the frequency:
• ‘TX’ – transmit only
• ‘RX’ – receive only
• ‘PT’ – part time frequency
4)
Press the ENT Key to place the selected frequency in the standby field of the COM or NAV
Window.
5)
To remove the cursor, press the FMS Knob.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
7-3
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.4
INTERSECTION INFORMATION
7.5
NDB INFORMATION
Select the Intersection Information Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the second
rectangular page icon.
Figure 7-7 NDB Information Page
Select the NDB Information Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the third
rectangular page icon
Figure 7-6 Intersection Information Page
Access Information on an Intersection
1)
7-4
With the Intersection Information Page
displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to enter a name for the
identifier and press the ENT Key.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
View Information on a Specific NDB
1)
With the NDB Information Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
desired selection field (identifier, name or
closest city).
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to enter an identifier, name
or city and press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.6
VOR INFORMATION
7.7
USER WAYPOINT INFORMATION
PAGE
See the Flight Planning section for a discussion on
creating and modifying user defined waypoints.
7.8
NEAREST AIRPORTS
Figure 7-8 VOR Information Page
Select the VOR Information Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the fourth
rectangular page icon.
Access Information on a VOR
1)
With the VOR Information Page displayed, press
the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
desired selection field (identifier, name or
closest city).
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to enter an identifier, name
or city and press the ENT Key.
4)
The ‘FREQUENCY’ field is now highlighted. If
desired, press the ENT Key to place the frequency
in the NAV Receiver Standby Window.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Figure 7-9 Nearest Airports Page
Nearest Airport Information on the MFD
Select the Nearest Airports Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the first
rectangular page icon.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
7-5
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
Access Information on a Specific Airport
1)
With the Nearest Airports Page displayed,
press the APT Softkey to place the cursor in the
‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’ field. The first airport in
the nearest airports list is highlighted.
2)
Press the FMS Knob, then turn the Large FMS
Knob to highlight the desired airport.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Access Runway Information for the Selected Airport
1)
Bearing TO
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the desired
runway.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
1)
With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press
the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor in the
‘FREQUENCIES’ field.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
frequency.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The selected frequency is
placed in the COM standby frequency tuning
box.
4)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the
frequency in the active field.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Distance
Airport Symbol
Identifier
Runway Length
Primary COM Frequency
Figure 7-10 Nearest Airports Window
With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press
the RNWY Softkey to place the cursor in the
‘RUNWAYS’ field.
Quickly Tune the COM Transceiver to a Nearby
Airport Frequency
7-6
Nearest Airports Information on the PFD
Press the NRST Softkey to display the PFD
Nearest Airports Window.
View Information on a Specific Airport in the List
1)
With the Nearest Airports Window displayed,
turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on
the desired airport identifier.
2)
Press the ENT Key to display airport
information.
3)
Press the ENT Key again (cursor is on ‘BACK’)
to return to the list.
Load an Airport COM Frequency into the Active COM
1)
With the Nearest Airports Window displayed,
turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on
the desired airport frequency shown in the
window.
2)
Press the ENT Key and the selected frequency
will be placed in the COM standby frequency
box.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to make the
frequency the active frequency.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.9
NEAREST INTERSECTIONS
7.10 NEAREST NDB
Figure 7-12 Nearest NDB Page
Figure 7-11 Nearest Intersections Page
Select the Nearest Intersections Page
1)
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the second
rectangular page icon.
View Information on the Nearest Intersection
1)
2)
3)
Select the Nearest NDB Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the third
rectangular page icon.
Access Information on a Specific NDB
With the Nearest Intersections Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
intersection.
1)
With the Nearest NDB Page displayed, press
the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired NDB.
The remaining information on the Nearest NDB
Page pertains to the selected NDB.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
7-7
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.11 NEAREST VOR
View Information on the Nearest VOR
Select the Nearest VOR Page
1)
With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press
the VOR Softkey to place the cursor in the
‘NEAREST VOR’ box.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select a VOR.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the fourth
rectangular page icon.
Select and Load a VOR Frequency
1)
With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the
FREQ Softkey to highlight the VOR frequency
in the ‘FREQUENCY’ field.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The selected VOR frequency
is placed in the NAV standby frequency box.
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
3)
Figure 7-13 Nearest VOR Page
7-8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.12 NEAREST USER WAYPOINT
7.13 NEAREST FREQUENCIES
Figure 7-15 Nearest Frequencies Page
Figure 7-14 Nearest User Waypoints Page
Select the Nearest User Waypoint Page
1)
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the fifth
rectangular page icon.
Select a Nearest User Waypoint
1)
2)
3)
With the Nearest User Waypoint Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. If
any previously entered User Waypoints are
within 200 nm, these will be displayed with
the closest listed first.
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
waypoint. The remaining information on the
Nearest User Waypoint Page pertains to the
selected Nearest User Waypoint.
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Select the Nearest Frequencies Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the sixth
rectangular page icon.
Select and Load the Nearest ARTCC, FSS, or Weather
Frequency
1)
With the Nearest Frequencies Page displayed,
press the ARTCC, FSS, or WX Softkey to place
the cursor in the appropriate field.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired facility
or frequency.
3)
Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into
the COM frequency standby field.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
7-9
SECTION 7 – NAVIGATION
7.14 NEAREST AIRSPACES
View Additional Details for a Listed Airspace
1)
With the Nearest Airspace Page displayed,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to scroll through the
list, highlighting the desired airspace.
3)
Press the ALERTS Softkey to place the cursor in
the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ field.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
airspace.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
View and Quickly Load the Frequency for a
Controlling Agency
Figure 7-16 Nearest Airspaces Page
1)
With the Nearest Airspace Page displayed,
press the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor in
‘FREQUENCIES’ field.
Select the Nearest Airspaces Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘NRST’
page group.
2)
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the seventh
rectangular page icon.
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
frequency.
3)
Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into
the COM frequency standby field.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Airspace Alerts Box
• If the projected course takes the aircraft inside an
airspace within the next ten minutes, ‘Ahead’ is
displayed.
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of an
airspace and the current course takes the aircraft
inside, ‘Ahead < 2 nm’ is displayed.
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of an
airspace and the current course will not take the
aircraft inside, ‘Within 2 nm’ is displayed.
• If the aircraft has entered an airspace, ‘Inside’ is
displayed.
7-10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
SECTION 8: FLIGHT PLANNING
4)
Repeat steps 2 and 3 until the desired name
is entered.
The following discussions pertain to the Multi Function
Display, unless otherwise indicated.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Press the ENT Key a again to accept the new
waypoint identifier.
7)
The cursor is now in the ‘REFERENCE
WAYPOINTS’ box. If desired, the waypoint
can be defined by a reference waypoint. Turn
the FMS Knob to enter the position coordinates
or the radial and distance from the reference
waypoint.
8)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
8.1
USER DEFINED WAYPOINTS
Modify a User Waypoint
1)
With the User Waypoint Information Page
displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the desired field and turn the Small FMS Knob
to make changes.
3)
Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
Figure 8-1 User WPT Information Page
Select the User WPT Information Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’
page group.
4)
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the fifth
rectangular page icon.
Delete a User Waypoint
1)
Select the User Waypoint Information Page
and press MENU to display the User Waypoint
Information Page Options or press the DELETE
Softkey.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select ‘Delete User
Waypoint’ and press the ENT Key. The message
‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint’
is displayed. With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the
ENT Key.
Create a New User Waypoint
1)
With the User Waypoint Information Page
displayed, press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint
is created at the current aircraft position.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to enter first character
of the waypoint name.
3)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the next character field.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
8-1
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
Create User Waypoints from the Navigation
Map Page
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, push
the Joystick to activate the panning function.
The target pointer is displayed at the present
aircraft position.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the pointer at the
desired position
3)
Press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint
Information Page is now displayed with the
captured position.
4)
Turn the FMS Knob to select a waypoint
name.
5)
Press the ENT Key to accept the selected
name. The first reference waypoint field is
highlighted.
6)
If desired, turn the FMS Knob to enter the
identifier of the reference waypoint and the
radial and distance to the reference waypoint.
Press the ENT Key to accept.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing
cursor.
8.2
Figure 8-3 Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD
8.3
1)
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key and turn the Small FMS Knob
to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
VIEWING THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key.
Figure 8-4 Flight Plan Catalog Page
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the desired
flight plan and press the ACTIVE Softkey.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
activate the flight plan. To cancel the flight
plan activation, turn the Large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-2 Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD
8-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
8.4
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS
Knob to activate the cursor and turn the Large
FMS Knob to highlight the desired destination
waypoint.
2)
Press the ACT LEG Softkey (using MFD only).
3)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete
Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. With ‘OK’
highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate
the flight plan. This will not delete the stored
flight plan, only the active flight plan.
OR
3)
4)
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’
option from the page menu and press the ENT
Key. This step must be used when activating a
leg from the PFD.
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT
Key.
Figure 8-5 Activate Flight Plan Leg Confirmation
8.5
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight
Plan Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu
window.
Figure 8-7 Delete Flight Plan Confirmation
8.6
INVERT ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert
Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The original
flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
invert the flight plan.
Figure 8-8 Invert Flight Plan
Figure 8-6 Delete Flight Plan
Figure 8-9 Invert Flight Plan Confirmation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
8-3
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
8.7
CREATE A NEW FLIGHT PLAN
8)
Create a New Flight Plan Using the MFD
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the Small FMS Knob
to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the NEW Softkey to display a blank
flight plan page for the first empty storage
location.
Figure 8-10 Create FPL on MFD
3)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display the
Waypoint Information Window.
4)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to enter the first
character of the identifier of the departure
waypoint.
5)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the next character field. Repeat steps 4 and 5
until the desired identifier has been entered.
When all waypoints have been entered, press the
FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog
Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
Create a New Flight Plan Using the PFD
NOTE: A flight plan cannot be entered using the
PFD if another flight plan is active.
NOTE: After the first leg is entered (using the
PFD only), it is immediately activated.
1)
Press the FPL Key, then press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to enter the first letter
of the destination waypoint identifier. Turn the
Large FMS Knob to the right to move the cursor
to the next character position.
3)
Repeat step 2 to spell out the rest of the
waypoint identifier.
4)
Press the ENT Key and the cursor is now ready
for entering of the next flight plan waypoint.
5)
Repeat steps 2 through 4 to enter the identifier
for each additional flight plan waypoint.
6)
Once all waypoints have been entered, press
the FMS Knob remove the cursor. The new
flight plan is now active.
Figure 8-11 Waypoint Info Window
8-4
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
Repeat step number 3, 4, and 5 to enter
the identifier for each additional flight plan
waypoint.
Figure 8-12 Creating Flight Plan on the PFD
8.8
LOAD A DEPARTURE
See the Procedures section for a discussion on loading
and activating departure procedures.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
8.9
LOAD AN ARRIVAL
See the Procedures section for a discussion on loading
and activating arrival procedures.
8.10 LOAD AN APPROACH
See the Procedures section for a discussion on loading
and activating approach procedures.
8.11 REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL,
OR APPROACH FROM A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
With the Active or Stored Flight Plan Page
displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the title
for the approach, departure or arrival to be
deleted. Titles appear in white directly above
the procedure’s waypoints.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation
window. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT
Key to remove the selected procedure.
8.12 STORE A NEWLY CREATED FLIGHT
PLAN
1)
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD
or MFD, it may be saved by pressing the MENU
Key.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store
Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
8.13 EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the Small FMS Knob
to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
desired flight plan and press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to place the cursor
in the desired locations for entering changes.
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to make the desired
changes, then press the ENT Key.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
8.14 DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE
FLIGHT PLAN
1)
With either the Active or Stored Flight Plan
displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the
cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the waypoint
to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt
Name)’ confirmation window.
Figure 8-14 Remove Waypoint Confirmation
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
remove the waypoint. To cancel the delete
request, turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the
FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to
store the flight plan.
Figure 8-13 Store Flight Plan Confirmation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
8-5
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
8.15 INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED
FLIGHT PLAN
1)
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
desired flight plan.
3)
Press the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate
stored flight plan?’ will be displayed.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
The selected flight plan is now inverted and
activated. The original flight plan remains
intact in its flight plan catalog storage
location.
is displayed. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the
ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’
and press the ENT Key.
8.18 GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight
Plan Page.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer.
Use the Joystick to move the pointer to the
desired point on the map to be inserted as a
waypoint in the flight plan.
3)
Press the LD WPT Softkey. The selected
waypoint will be inserted at the end of the
flight plan. The default user waypoint naming
is USR000, USR001, USR002 and so on.
4)
If the selected waypoint is to be placed
elsewhere in the flight plan, press the FMS
Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are
inserted ABOVE the cursor.
8.16 COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
From the Flight Plan Catalog press the FMS
Knob to activate the cursor
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the flight
plan to be copied.
3)
Press the COPY Softkey.
5)
4)
A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window
is displayed. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the
ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel, turn
the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
After placing the cursor at the desired point
in the list of waypoints, press the LD WPT
Softkey.
6)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the
procedure for modifying a user waypoint.
8.17 DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
2)
8-6
8.19 TRIP PLANNING
1)
From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’
page group.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the flight
plan to be deleted.
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the first
rectangular page icon.
3)
The current page mode is displayed at the
top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’ or ‘MANUAL’.
To change the page mode, press the AUTO or
MANUAL Softkey.
3)
Press the DELETE Softkey.
4)
A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
Starting WPT
(already stored in memory), by number. Turn the
Large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field and
turn the Small FMS Knob to select the desired leg
of the flight plan, or select ‘CUM’ to apply trip
planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ will display an active flight
plan. If an active flight plan is selected, ‘REM’
will be an available option to display planning
data for the remainder of the flight plan.
Ending WPT
NOTE: The Page mode must be set to MANUAL
to perform the following steps.
7)
Figure 8-15 Trip Planning Page
4)
5)
6)
For Direct-to planning, press the WPTS
Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint
field indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position). If
necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set
WPT to Present Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor
moves to the ending waypoint field. Turn the
FMS Knob to enter the identifier of the ending
waypoint and press the ENT Key to accept the
waypoint. OR,
For point-to-point planning, turn the FMS Knob
to enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
Once the waypoints identifier is entered, press
the ENT Key to accept the waypoint. The
flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
Again, turn the FMS Knob to enter the identifier
of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key
to accept the waypoint. OR,
For flight plan leg planning, press the FPL Softkey
(at the bottom of the display) and turn the
Small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
departure time (DEP TIME) field.
NOTE: The Departure Time on the Trip Planning
Page is used for preflight planning. Refer to the
Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
8)
Turn the FMS Knob to enter the departure time.
Press the ENT Key when finished. (Departure
time may be entered in local or UTC time,
depending upon system settings).
9)
Turn the FMS Knob to enter the fuel flow.
Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that
in Automatic Page Mode, fuel flow is provided
by the system.
10) The flashing cursor moves to the fuel on board
field. Turn the FMS Knob to modify the fuel on
board. Press the ENT Key when finished. In
‘AUTOMATIC’ mode, fuel onboard is provided
by the entry made in ‘GAL REM’ on the EIS
System Page.
11) The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated
airspeed field. Turn the FMS Knob to enter a
calibrated airspeed. Press the ENT Key when
finished.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
8-7
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
8.20 VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) PAGE
5)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now positioned
over the ‘Before’ and ‘After’ field.
NOTE: An active flight plan or Direct-to must be
entered in order to utilize VNAV.
6)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select whether the
previously set distance is ‘Before’ or ‘After’ the
endpoint.
NOTE: VNAV is advisory only and cannot be
coupled to the autopilot.
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now placed
over the VNAV profile endpoint field.
Figure 8-16 Vertical Navigation (VNAV) Page
Create a Vertical Navigation Profile
8-8
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the third
page icon.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
With the ‘TARGET POSITION’ distance field
highlighted, turn the FMS Knob to select the
desired distance for Top Of Climb or Bottom Of
Descent from the VNAV profile endpoint. The
default distance is 4 nm.
8)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to display a list
possible VNAV profile endpoints. When using a
flight plan, the target reference waypoint itself
can be specified from the waypoints contained
in the flight plan. By default, the last waypoint
in the flight plan is selected. Highlight the
desired waypoint.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
10) With the ‘TARGET ALTITUDE’ field highlighted,
turn the FMS Knob to select the target altitude.
If the selected altitude is above the current
aircraft altitude, a profiled climb is created.
If the selected altitude is below the current
aircraft altitude, a profiled descent will be
created.
Figure 8-17 Approaching VNAV Profile Message (PFD)
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now placed
in the ‘TARGET VERTICAL SPEED’ field. The
default profile utilizes a 400 foot-per-minute
descent rate.
12) To change the vertical speed, turn the FMS
Knob to enter the desired vertical speed. Press
the ENT Key when finished.
With the profile set, the vertical speed required (VSR)
is displayed. Expect the following to occur when using the
vertical navigation feature:
At one minute prior to reaching the Bottom Of Climb
or Top Of Descent point (gray arc), the message ‘APPR
VPROF - Approaching VNAV Profile’ is displayed as a PFD
alert. The descent (or climb) angle also locks to prevent
changes in speed from altering the profile. If selected,
the vertical speed required (VSR) readout on the default
NAV and map pages shows the desired vertical speed to
maintain the proper descent (or climb) angle. At 500 feet
above (or below, for a climb) the target altitude (white
arc), an ‘APPR TRG ALT’ - Approaching Target Altitude”
message is provided. The VSR readout on the Navigation
Map Page is blanked out at this point.
Figure 8-18 Approaching Target Altitude Message (PFD)
To display map data on the Vertical Navigation Map
Page, press the MAP Softkey. Press the TOPO, TERRAIN,
or LTNG Softkey. Press the same softkey to remove the
displayed data from the Vertical Navigation Page.
VNAV Page Menu Options
The VNAV messages are not enabled until the ‘VNAV
Messages On?’ option is enabled from the VNAV Page
Menu Options. To display the page menu, press the
MENU Key (with the VNAV Page displayed). The VNAV
Page Options Menu also allows the pilot to restore VNAV
Page defaults.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
8-9
SECTION 8 – FLIGHT PLANNING
Blank Page
8-10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 9 – PROCEDURES
SECTION 9: PROCEDURES
9.1
ARRIVALS AND DEPARTURES
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press
the FPL Key.
2)
Press the LD DP Softkey. If a flight plan is active,
the departure airport will be displayed as the
default. A list of available departures is also
displayed.
3)
If no flight plan is active, use the FMS Knob to
enter the identifier of the desired airport. Press
the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
Departure field. Turn the Small FMS Knob to
display a list of available departures.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
departure and press the ENT Key.
Figure 9-1 Select Departure
6)
A list of runways may be displayed for the
departure. Turn either FMS Knob to select the
desired runway and press the ENT Key.
7)
A list of available transitions is displayed for the
departure. Turn either FMS Knob to highlight
the desired transition waypoint and press the
ENT Key.
Figure 9-2 Select Departure Transition
8)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
The departure will be active when the flight
plan is active.
Load and Activate An Arrival Procedure
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press
the FPL Key.
2)
Press the LD STAR Softkey. If a flight plan is
active, the destination airport will be displayed
as the default. A list of available arrivals is also
displayed.
3)
If no flight plan is active, use the FMS Knob to
enter the identifier of the desired airport. Press
the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the Arrival
field. Turn the Small FMS Knob to display a list
of available arrivals.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired
arrival and press the ENT Key.
Figure 9-3 Select Arrival
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
9-1
SECTION 9 – PROCEDURES
6)
A second window is displayed listing available
transitions for the arrival. Turn either FMS Knob
to highlight the desired transition waypoint and
press the ENT Key.
Figure 9-4 Select Arrival Transition
7)
A third window is displayed listing the available
runways. Turn either FMS Knob to select the
desired runway and press the ENT Key.
9.2
Not all approaches in the database are approved for GPS
use. When selecting an approach, a “GPS” designation to
the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure
can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures
will not have this designation, meaning the GPS receiver
can be used for supplemental navigation guidance only.
If the GPS receiver cannot be used for primary guidance,
the appropriate navigation receiver must be used for the
selected approach (e.g., VOR or ILS). The final course
segment of ILS approaches, for example, must be flown
by tuning the Nav receiver to the proper frequency and
selecting that Nav receiver on the CDI.
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press
the FPL Key.
2)
Press the LD APR Softkey. If a flight plan is
active, the destination airport will be displayed
as the default. A list of available approaches
is also displayed.
3)
If no flight plan is active, use the FMS Knob to
enter the identifier of the desired airport. Press
the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
Approach field. Turn the Small FMS Knob to
display a list of available approaches.
Figure 9-5 Select Arrival Runway
8)
9-2
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
If a flight plan is active, the selected arrival
procedure is inserted after the destination
airport and becomes part of the active flight
plan. If no flight plan is active when the arrival
is loaded, the arrival procedure will become the
active flight plan.
APPROACHES
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 9 – PROCEDURES
7)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Activate?’
and press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
Selecting ‘Load?’ will add the procedure to the
flight plan without immediately using it for
navigation guidance.
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan
Figure 9-6 Selecting an Approach Procedure
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired
approach. Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor will move to the TRANSITIONS
field. Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight the
desired transition waypoint and press the ENT
Key. (The “Vectors” option assumes vectors will
be received to the final course segment of the
approach and will provide navigation guidance
relative to the final approach course.)
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press
the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE
APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The approach procedure is
now active.
Figure 9-7 Selecting an Approach Transition
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
9-3
SECTION 9 – PROCEDURES
Blank Page
9-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SECTION 10: HAZARD AVOIDANCE
10.2 STORMSCOPE® (OPTIONAL)
WARNING: The Stormscope system is not
intended to be used for hazardous thunderstorm
penetration. Weather information on the G1000
MFD is approved for weather avoidance only.
Refer to the WX-500 Pilot’s Guide for detailed
operation.
10.1 CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD
DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press
the MENU Key to display the Navigation Map
Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map
Setup’ option.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is
displayed. Turn the Small FMS Knob to select
the ‘Weather’ or ‘Traffic’ group to customize
the display of weather features. Select ‘Traffic’
to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the Small FMS Knob to return to the
Navigation Map Page.
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the
Navigation Map Page
1)
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the STRMSCP Softkey. Press the STRMSCP
Softkey again to remove Stormscope lightning
data from the Navigation Map Page.
Figure 10-1 Page Menu
Figure 10-2 Map Setup Menu
Figure 10-4 In-Flight Navigation Map Page Displaying
Stormscope Lightning Data
Figure 10-3 Map Setup Group List
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-1
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
At a map range of less than 25 nm, Stormscope
lightning data is not displayed, but can still be present.
The presence of Stormscope lightning data is indicated
by the annunciation ‘LTNG < 25 nm’ in the upper right
corner.
Stormscope Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob until the Map Page
group is selected.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob until the Stormscope
Page is selected. This is the third rectangular
page icon.
Figure 10-5 Lightning Display Range Annunciation
To select ‘cell’ or ‘strike’ as the Stormscope
lightning mode:
1)
With the Weather Group selected, press the
ENT Key. The cursor flashes on ‘STRMSCP
LTNG’.
2)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select ‘STRMSCP
MODE’.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to display the ‘Cell/Strike’
window.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’.
Press the ENT Key.
Figure 10-6 Stormscope Page
5)
Push the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation
Map Page.
To change the Stormscope lightning mode
between ‘cell’ and ‘strike’:
To clear Stormscope lightning data from
the Navigation Map Page:
1)
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map
Page displayed).
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Clear
Lightning Data’ field and press the ENT Key.
NOTE: If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells
must be cleared manually after the execution of
each turn. This is to ensure that the strike and/or
cell positions are depicted accurately in relation
to the nose of the aircraft.
10-2
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Press the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE
softkeys are displayed. Press the CELL Softkey
to display ‘CELL’ data or press the STRIKE
Softkey to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or
‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box located in
the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
NOTE: “Cell Mode” uses a clustering program to
identify clusters of electrical activity that indicate
cells.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
To change the viewing mode between 360˚
and 120˚:
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Press the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC
softkeys are displayed. Press the 360 Softkey
to display a 360˚ viewing area or press the ARC
Softkey to display a 120˚ viewing area.
3)
Press the CLEAR Softkey to remove all
Stormscope lightning data from the display.
10.3 XM WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
WARNING: XM Weather is not intended to
be used for hazardous weather penetration.
Weather information provided by XM Radio
Service is approved only for weather avoidance,
not penetration.
1)
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the NEXRAD or XM LTNG Softkey to
display the desired weather. Press the
applicable softkey again to remove weather
data from the Navigation Map Page.
Displaying METAR and TAF information on the
Airport Information Page
To display METAR and TAF text on the
Airport Information Page:
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the Airport
Information Page.
3)
Press the WX Softkey to display METAR and
TAF text (METAR and TAF information is
updated every 12 minutes).
METAR
Text
TAF
Text
WX
Softkey
Figure 10-8 METAR and TAF Text Displayed on the
Airport (Weather) Information Page
Figure 10-7 Navigation Map Page Displaying NEXRAD Weather
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-3
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link
Page
To select the Weather Data Link Page:
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the Map Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the fourth
rectangular page icon.
3)
Press the available softkeys to select the desired
XM weather product.
4)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends
for the selected products. If necessary, turn the
FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the
Small FMS Knob or the ENT Softkey to return to
the map.
NEXRAD Limitations
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar
displays. Some, but not all, are listed here:
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide
sufficient information to determine cloud layers or
precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain, etc).
• An individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high
altitude storms at close ranges, and has no
information about storms directly over the site.
• The resolution of displayed NEXRAD data is 2
kilometers. Therefore, when zoomed in on the
display, each square block is 2 kilometers on each
side. The intensity level reflected by the square
will be the highest level sampled within the square
area.
ECHO TOP – Press the ECHO TOP Softkey to show
the location, elevation, and direction the highest
radar echo. This may not indicate the top of a
storm or clouds, only the highest radar return
echo. ECHO TOPS cannot be displayed along
with NEXRAD and CLOUD TOPS. When ECHO
TOPS is activated, NEXRAD and CLOUD TOPS are
removed. Refer to the Legend for a description of
the ECHO TOPS coding. The display is updated
every 7.5 minutes.
CLD TOP – Press the CLD TOP Softkey to show the
cloud top altitude determined from satellite imagery.
The display is updated every 15 minutes.
Figure 10-9 Weather Data Link Page
NEXRAD – Press the NEXRAD Softkey to show
NEXRAD weather and radar coverage information.
Areas where radar coverage is not available will be
shown in grayish-purple. The display is updated
every five minutes.
10-4
LTNG – Pressing the LTNG Softkey shows the location
of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. The display is
updated every five minutes.
NOTE: Strikes depicted represent cloud to ground
strikes within a 2 kilometer radius of the actual
strike location. Therefore, the exact location of
the strike is not displayed.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
CELL MOV – Pressing the CELL MOV Softkey shows
storm cell movement by displaying an arrow.
pointing in the direction of predicted movement.
The display is updated every 12 minutes.
SIG/AIR – Pressing the SIG/AIR Softkey shows
SIGMET and AIRMET information. The display is
updated every 12 minutes.
METAR – Press the METAR Softkey to graphically
display METARs. METARS are shown as colored
flags at airports providing METAR reports. The
display is updated every 12 minutes.
MORE WX – Press the MORE WX Softkey to display
the following group of softkeys for additional
weather control:
SFC – Pressing the SFC Softkey for Surface Analysis
shows current or forecast conditions. Forecasts
are available for intervals of Current, 12, 24, 36,
and 48 hours. Press the softkey corresponding
to the desired forecast. The closest city forecast
information is displayed in the legend. The
display is updated every 12 minutes.
FRZ LVL – Press the FRZ LVL Softkey to display
contour lines for freezing levels. The display is
updated every 12 minutes.
WIND – Press the WIND Softkey to show wind
speed and direction at a selected altitude from
the ground up to 42,000 feet in 3,000 foot
increments. After pressing the WIND Softkey,
press the softkey corresponding to the desired
winds aloft altitude. The display is updated every
12 minutes.
COUNTY – Pressing the COUNTY Softkey provides
specific public awareness and protection weather
warnings for Tornado, Severe Thunderstorm,
and Flood conditions provided by the National
Weather Service (NWS). The display is updated
every 5 minutes.
CYCLONE – Pressing the CYCLONE Softkey shows
the current location of cyclones (hurricanes and
tropical storms) and their projected track at
various time intervals. The display is updated
every 12 minutes.
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link
Page
1)
Push in the Joystick to display the panning
arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow
on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs, or SIGMETs. Press
the ENT Key to display pertinent information
for the selected product.
Pressing the ENT Key when panning over an
AIRMET or a SIGMET displays an information
box that displays the text of the report. Panning
over an airport with METAR information does
not display more information but allows the
user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text
of the report. Pressing the ENT Key when
panning over a TFR displays TFR specific
information.
Weather Products and Symbols
Figure 10-10 depicts the symbol for each weather
product (read from left to right). When a weather product
is active, the product symbol is displayed in the lower
right of the screen.
• NEXRAD
• Cloud Top/Echo Top
• XM Lightning
• Cell Movement
• SIGMETs/AIRMETs
• METARs
• City Forecast
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-5
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
•
•
•
•
•
Surface Analysis
Freezing Levels
Winds Aloft
County Warnings
Cyclone Warnings
Echo Top (Cloud Top and Echo Top Mutually Exclusive)
Figure 10-10 Weather Product Symbols
The XM Information Page in the AUX Page Group will
display the weather products available for the current
subscription. A green box by the weather product means
that it is available.
NOTE: The DONE Softkey on the AUX - XM
INFORMATION Page is used to save the GDL
69(A) activation data when the XM services
are initially set up. It is not used during normal
operation of the GDL 69(A), and it should have
no adverse effects if inadvertently selected during
flight. Refer to the GDL 69/69A XM Satellite
Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04, Rev
E or later) for further information.
Weather Product Age
The age for each of the enabled products is displayed
on the right side of the display. Times are based on Zulu
time when the data was assembled on the ground, not the
time the data was received by the FIS sensor. When the age
of a weather product has exceeded half of the expiration
time, the product time will change from light blue to amber
in color.
10-6
Weather Product
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
City Forecasts
County Warnings
Cyclone Warnings
Echo Tops
Freezing Levels
METARs
Lightning
NEXRAD
Radar Coverage
Cell Movement
Surface Analysis
TFRs
Winds Aloft
TAFs
Clouds Tops
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Expires After
(minutes)
60
60
60
60
30
60
90
30
30
30
30
60
60
90
60
60
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
10.4 TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE (TIS)
Traffic Advisory, aircraft is 400’ above & Traffic out of
Traffic Mode descending, moving in the direction of the line
range
NOTE: If the G1000 is configured to use the
optional Skywatch® Traffic Advisory System, TIS
will not be available for use.
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only
available when the aircraft is within the service
volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the Map Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the second
rectangular page icon.
3)
4)
5)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying
traffic. ‘TIS OPERATIING’ is displayed in the
Traffic Mode field.
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system
in the Standby Mode. ‘TIS STANDBY’ will be
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger
area or rotate counter-clockwise to display a
smaller area.
If data is not received for a period longer than 6 seconds,
the age of the present data will be displayed in the lower
left of of the screen along with the annuciation that the
system has entered Coast Mode. The system will maintain
the traffic display (up to 60 seconds) until the next data
reception. If no data is received after 60 seconds, traffic
will be removed from the display.
Last data update Proximity Traffic at same
Traffic 1600’ above &
is older than 6 altitude, level flight & moving climbing, moving in the
sec. resulting in
in the direction of the line
direction of the line
Coast Mode
Figure 10-11 Traffic Map Page
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
1)
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation
Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic will now be
displayed on the map.
TIS Audio Alert
When a Traffic Advisory (TA) is displayed, an audio
alert “Traffic” is given.
“Traffic Not Available” will be heard whenever TIS service becomes unavailable.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-7
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
10.5 SKYWATCH TRAFFIC ADVISORY
SYSTEM (TAS)(OPTIONAL)
Traffic Advisory,
aircraft is 400’ below
Traffic Mode Altitude Mode
& climbing
Traffic, Out of
Range
Refer to the SkyWatch pilot’s guide for a detailed
discussion of the SkyWatch system.
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the Map Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the second
rectangular page icon.
3)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying
traffic. ‘TAS OPERATING’ is displayed in the
Traffic Mode field.
4)
Press the ALT MODE Softkey to change the
altitude volume. Select the desired altitude
volume by pressing the the BELOW, NORMAL,
ABOVE, or UREST (unrestricted) Softkey. The
selection is displayed in the Altitude Mode
field.
5)
6)
10-8
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system
in the Standby Mode. ‘TAS STANDBY’ will be
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger
area or rotate counter-clockwise to display a
smaller area.
“Non-Bearing” Traffic (system
is unable to determine bearing),
distance is 8.0 nm, 1190’ above
and descending
Proximity Traffic,
1000’ above &
descending
Figure 10-12 Traffic Map Page
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
1)
Ensure the SkyWatch system is operating. With
the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP
Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic will now be
displayed on the map.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4)
Traffic Advisory
Non-Bearing
Traffic Off Scale
Traffic Advisories
Banner
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger
area or rotate counter-clockwise to display a
smaller area.
Non-Threat
Traffic
Figure 10-13 TAS Traffic on Navigation Map
10.6 TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE PROXIMITY
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the
aircraft latitude is greater than 75 degrees north
or 60 degrees south.
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain
Proximity Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the Map Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the last
rectangular page icon.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the
ARC and 360 softkeys. When the ARC Softkey
is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360°
default display.
Figure 10-14 Terrain Proximity Page
Color
RED
YELLOW
Indication
WARNING: Terrain/Obstacle at or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude.
CAUTION: Terrain/Obstacle between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Aircraft Altitude
100' Threshold
1000' AGL
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the
Navigation Map
1)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TERRAIN Softkey. Terrain and obstacle
proximity will now be displayed on the map.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-9
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is less than
1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is less than
1000’ AGL)
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is greater than
1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is greater than
1000’ AGL)
Figure 10-15 Obstacle Symbols
Maximum
elevation of
topography presently
displayed on-screen
Minimum
elevation of
topography presently
displayed on-screen
Aircraft altitude
Range of
topography elevation presently displayed on-screen
Ground elevation
at present aircraft
position
Figure 10-16 Topography Scale
10-10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
10.7 TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING
SYSTEM (TAWS) DISPLAY
(OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the
aircraft latitude is greater than 75 degrees north
or 60 degrees south.
NOTE: TAWS operation is only available when the
G1000 is configured for a TAWS-B installation.
Displaying Terrain on the TAWS Page
1)
Turn the Large FMS Knob to select the Map Page
Group.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select the TAWS
Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the
ARC and 360 softkeys. When the ARC Softkey
is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360°
default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger
area or rotate counter-clockwise to display a
smaller area.
Figure 10-17 TAWS Page (360˚ View)
Figure 10-18 TAWS Page (ARC View)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-11
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Potential Impact Point
Projected Flight Path
100' Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
1000' AGL
Color
Red
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Terrain/Obstacle at or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
TAWS Inhibit
Flying VFR into an area where unique terrain exists
could cause the system to annunciate a nuisance alert.
When TAWS is inhibited, only FLTA and PDA alerts are
disabled.
To Inhibit TAWS:
1)
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the
MENU Key.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select‘Inhibit
TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
1)
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the
MENU Key.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select “Show (or
Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
To Enable TAWS:
1)
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the
MENU Key.
2)
Turn the Small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable
TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Figure 10-19 TAWS Page Menu
10-12
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Manual System Test
A system test is automatically performed at power-up.
After sucessful completion of the test, “TAWS System
Test, OK” will be heard.
The system test may also be initiated manually, but
only when the aircraft is on the ground. To manually verify
proper operation of the aural and visual annunciations
of the system, perform the following steps.
1) While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the
MENU Key.
2) Turn the Small FMS Knob to select ‘Test
TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’
is displayed in the center of the TAWS Page.
When all is in working order, “TAWS System
Test, OK” will be heard.
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA)
The Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance alert is
composed of two sub-functions:
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent
Obstacle Impact (IOI)
This provides alerts when the aircraft is below the
elevation of terrain in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and
IOI alerts are accompanied by a potential impact point
displayed on the TAWS Page as a yellow or red ‘X’. The
alert is given when the projected vertical flight path is
calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes
in the following table.
Phase of Flight
Level Flight
Descending
Enroute
700 ft.
500 ft.
Terminal
350 ft.
300 ft.
Approach
150 ft.
100 ft.
Departure
100 ft.
100 ft.
During the final approach phase of flight, RTC/ROC/
ITI/IOI alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft
is below 200 feet AGL while within 0.5 nm of the approach
runway or is below 125 feet AGL while within 1 nm of the
runway.
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC)
This provides alerts when the aircraft flight path
is above terrain and/or obstacles, yet is projected to
come within minimum clearance values outlined in the
following table. When an RTC or ROC alert is issued, a
potential impact point is displayed on the TAWS Page as
a yellow or red ‘X’.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-13
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Premature Descent Alert (PDA)
Excessive Descent Rate Alert (EDR)
A Premature Descent Alert is issued when the system
detects that the aircraft is significantly below the normal
approach path to a runway. The PDA alert mode functions
only during descent to land.
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate alert is to
provide suitable alerts when the aircraft is determined
to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive
speed. Figure 10-21 displays the correlation between
height above terrain and descent rate, resulting in the two
EDR alerts. EDR alerts have two levels of severity, caution
(sink rate) and warning (pull-up).
5000
"
4500
K
RA
TE
4000
IN
3500
"S
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15
nm of the destination airport and ends when the aircraft
is either 0.5 nm from the runway threshold OR is at
an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1 nm of the
threshold. During the final descent, algorithms will set a
threshold for alerting based on speed, distance, and other
parameters.
3000
2500
2000
1500
UP"
PULL UP"
""PULL
1000
500
Figure 10-20 PDA Alerting Threshold
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Descent Rate (FPM)
Figure 10-21 Excessive Descent Rate
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff
Alert (NCR)
The purpose of the Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff
alert is to provide suitable alerts to the pilot when the
system determines that the aircraft is losing altitude
(closing upon terrain) after takeoff. The aural message
“Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an
annunciation and a pop-up terrain alert on the display.
10-14
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is less than
1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is less than
1000’ AGL)
Unlighted Obstacle
(Height is greater than
1000’ AGL)
Lighted Obstacle
(Height is greater than
1000’ AGL)
Potential Impact Points
Figure 10-22 TAWS Symbols
“Five-Hundred” Aural Alert
Pop-up Alerts
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-hundred”
is to provide an advisory alert to the aircrew that the
aircraft is five-hundred feet above terrain. When the
aircraft descends within 500 feet of terrain, the aural
message “Five-hundred” is heard. There are no display
annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the aural
message.
When the Navigation Map Page is displayed, and a
terrain or obstacle alert is issued, a pop-up window is
displayed with the appropriate alert.
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the
Navigation Map
1)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TERRAIN Softkey. Terrain and obstacle
proximity will now be displayed on the map.
Figure 10-23 Alert Pop-Up
Press the ENT Key to display the TAWS Page, or press
the CLR Key to remain on the Navigation Map Page.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-15
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TAWS Alerts Summary
The following table shows the possible TAWS alert types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
Alert Type
PFD/MFD TAWS
Page
Annunciation
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning (IOI)
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Caution
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution (IOI)
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
or
10-16
Aural Message
“Don’t Sink”
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The following system status annunciations may also be issued.
PFD/MFD TAWS
Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is disabled
None
None
No GPS position or excessively degraded
GPS signal
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” will be heard when sufficient
GPS signal is re-established.
System Test in progress
None
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
Alert Type
None
System Test pass
Alert Annunciations
Alert Annunciation
Figure 10-25 Alert Annunciation on the PFD
Alert Annuciation
Figure 10-24 Alert Annunciation on the TAWS Page
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
10-17
SECTION 10 – HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Blank Page
10-18
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 11 – ABNORMAL
OPERATION
SECTION 11: ABNORMAL
OPERATION
11.1 REVERSIONARY MODE
Should a system detected failure occur in either display,
the G1000 automatically enters Reversionary Mode. In
Reversionary Mode, critical flight instrumentation is
combined with engine instrumentation on the remaining
display. Minimal navigation capability is available on the
Reversionary Mode display.
Normal PFD Display
Reversionary Mode can also be manually activated by
the pilot if the system fails to detect a display problem.
The Reversionary Mode is activated manually by pressing
the red DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the bottom of the
audio panel (GMA 1347). Pressing the red DISPLAY
BACKUP Button again deactivates Reversionary Mode.
NOTE: The Mooney M20M/M20R/M20TN
Airplane Flight Manual and Flight Manual
Supplement always takes precedence over the
information found in this section.
Normal MFD Display
MFD in Reversionary Mode
Figure 11-1 G1000 Reversionary Mode: Failed PFD
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
11-1
SECTION 11 – ABNORMAL
OPERATION
11.2 ABNORMAL COM OPERATION
When a COM tuning failure is detected by the system,
the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) is automatically
loaded into the active frequency field of the COM radio
for which the tuning failure was detected. In the event of
a dual display failure, the emergency frequency (121.500
MHz) automatically becomes the active frequency to the
pilot through the pilot headset.
11.5 HAZARD DISPLAYS WITH LOSS OF
GPS POSITION
If GPS position is lost, or becomes invalid, selected
hazards being displayed on the Navigation Map Page
will be removed until GPS position is again established.
The icons in the lower right of the screen, indicating the
selected functions for display, will show an ‘X’, as shown
in Figure 11-3.
11.3 UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The PFD will ‘declutter’ when the aircraft enters an
unusual attitude. Only the basic primary functions will
be displayed in these situations.
Red extreme pitch warning chevrons pointing toward
the horizon are displayed starting at 50 degrees above and
30 degrees below the horizon line.
Figure 11-3 Loss of Hazard Functions
with Loss of GPS Position
Figure 11-2 Extreme Pitch Indication
11.4 STORMSCOPE OPERATION WITH
LOSS OF HEADING INPUT
If heading is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared
manually after the execution of each turn. This is to
ensure that the strike and/or cell positions are depicted
accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
11-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
SECTION 12: ANNUNCIATIONS &
ALERTS
NOTE: The Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
supersedes information found in this
document.
• System Annunciations: Typically, a large red ‘X’
appears in a window when a related LRU fails or
detects invalid data.
• Audio Alerting System: The G1000 system issues
audio alert tones when specific system conditions
are met. See the Alert Levels Definitions section for
more information.
The G1000 Alerting System conveys alerts to the pilot
using a combination of the following items:
• Alerts Window: The Alerts Window displays
alert text messages. Up to 64 prioritized alerts
can be displayed in the Alerts Window. Pressing
the ALERTS Softkey displays the Alerts Window.
Pressing the ALERTS Softkey again removes the
Alerts Window from the display. When the Alerts
Window is displayed, the pilot may use the Large
FMS Knob to scroll through the alert list. Higher
priority alerts are displayed at the top of the window.
Lower priority alerts are displayed at the bottom of
the window. Active alerts are displayed in white text.
Alerts that have become inactive will change to gray
text. The ALERTS Softkey will flash if the state of a
displayed alert changes or a new alert is displayed.
The inactive alerts can be removed from the Alerts
Window by pressing the flashing ALERTS Softkey.
• ALERTS Softkey Annunciation: When the
Alerting System issues an alert, the ALERTS Softkey
is used as a flashing annunciation to accompany
an alert. During the alert, the ALERTS Softkey
assumes a new label consistent with alert level
(WARNING, CAUTION, or ADVISORY). Pressing
the softkey annunciation acknowledges that the
pilot is aware of the alert. The softkey then returns
to the previous ALERTS label. The pilot can then
press the ALERTS Softkey again to view alert text
messages.
System
Annunciation
Red ‘X’
Alerts Window
Figure 12-1 G1000 Alerting System
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
ALERTS Softkey
Annunciation
12-1
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
12.1 ALERT LEVEL DEFINITIONS
The G1000 Alerting System, as installed in Mooney
M20M, M20R, and M20TN aircraft, uses one alert level.
• MESSAGE ADVISORY: This level of alert provides
general information to the pilot. A message
advisory alert does not issue annunciations in the
Annunciation Window. Instead, message advisory
alerts only issue a flashing ADVISORY Softkey
Annunciation, as shown in Figure 12-2. Pressing
the ADVISORY Softkey acknowledges the presence
of the message advisory alert and displays the alert
text message in the Alerts Window.
12.2 M20M/M20R/M20TN AIRCRAFT
ALERTS
The following alerts are configured specifically for
the Mooney M20M, M20R, and M20TN aircraft. See the
Mooney M20M/M20R/M20TN Flight Manual Supplement
for information regarding pilot responses.
Voice Alerts
Voice Alert
“Check Gear”
“Stall”
Figure 12-2 ADVISORY Softkey
Annunciation
Alert Trigger
Played when landing gear
remain in the ‘Up’ position,
and the pilot retards the
throttle to within 1/4” of
Idle.
Played when a stall is
detected.
Message Advisory Alerts
Alerts Window Message
PFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for
the PFD is inoperative.
MFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for
the MFD is inoperative.
GIA FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for
the GIAs is inoperative.
12-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Audio Alert
None
None
None
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
12.3 AFCS ALERTS
System Status Field
System Status Field
The following alert annunciations appear in the AFCS
System Status field on the PFD.
Figure 12-3 AFCS System Status Field
Condition
Pitch Failure
Annunciation
Description
Pitch axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
MET Switch Stuck, or
Pitch Trim Axis Control
Failure
System Failure
If annunciated when AP is engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage the
autopilot. If annunciated when AP is not engaged, move each half of the MET Switch
separately to check if a stuck switch is causing the annunciation.
AP and MET are unavailable. FD may still be available.
Elevator Mistrim Up
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose up control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose down control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained left force. Ensure the Slip/Skid Indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained right force.
Ensure the Slip/Skid Indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
Performing preflight system test. Upon completion of the test, the aural alert will be
heard.
Preflight system test has failed.
Elevator Mistrim
Down
Aileron Mistrim Left
Aileron Mistrim Right
Preflight Test
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-3
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
12.4 TAWS ALERTS
Annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. Pop-up alerts appear only on the MFD.
PFD/MFD TAWS
MFD Map Page
Alert Type
Page
Pop-Up Alert
Annunciation
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning (IOI)
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Caution
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution (IOI)
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
or
12-4
Aural Message
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
TAWS System Status Annunciations
PFD/MFD TAWS
Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is disabled
None
None
No GPS position or excessively degraded
GPS signal
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” will be heard when sufficient
GPS signal is re-established.
System Test in progress
None
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
Alert Type
None
System Test pass
12.5 G1000 SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red
‘X’ is typically displayed on windows associated with the
failed data. The following section describes various system
annunciations. Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual for
additional information regarding pilot responses to these
annunciations.
System Annunciation
NOTE: Upon power-up of the G1000 system,
certain windows remain invalid as G1000
equipment begins to initialize. All windows
should be operational within one minute of
power-up. Should any window continue to
remain flagged, the G1000 system should be
serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
Comment
Attitude and Heading Reference System is aligning.
Display system is not receiving attitude information from the AHRS.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-5
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
System Annunciation
Comment
Display system is not receiving airspeed input from air data computer.
Display is not receiving altitude input from the air data computer.
Display is not receiving vertical speed input from the air data computer.
Display is not receiving valid heading input from AHRS.
GPS information is either not present or is invalid for navigation use.
Note that AHRS utilizes GPS inputs during normal operation. AHRS operation
may be degraded if GPS signals are not present (see POH).
Display is not receiving valid transponder information.
Other Various Red X Indications
12-6
A red ‘X’ through any other display field, such as engine instrumentation
fields, indicates that the field is not receiving valid data.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
Traffic Voice Alerts
Voice Alert
“Traffic”
“Traffic Not Available”
“Traffic, Traffic”
“Traffic Advisory System Test Passed”
“Traffic Advisory System Test Failed”
Alert Trigger
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued (TIS system).
Played when the traffic system fails or cannot communicate (TIS system).
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued (Skywatch TAS system).
Played when the TAS system passes a pilot-initiated self test.
Played when the TAS system fails a pilot-initiated self test.
Audio Alerts
Audio Alert
Altitude Alert Chime
Alert Trigger
When aircraft altitude reaches the reference altitude threshold (+/- 1,000 ft of reference altitude).
When aircraft altitude reaches or goes beyond the reference altitude deviation limit
(+/-200 ft of reference altitude).
When aircraft (S-TEC AFCS equipped aircraft only) altitude reaches the reference altitude threshold
(+/- 200 ft of reference altitude).
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-7
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
A red ‘X’ may be the result of an LRU or an LRU
function failure. The Figure 12-3 illustrates all possible
flags and the responsible LRUs.
GIA 63 Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63 Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air Data
Computer
GRS 77 AHRS
OR
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
OR
GIA 63 Integrated
Avionics Unit
GIA 63 Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air Data
Computer
Figure 12-4 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
12.6 G1000 SYSTEM MESSAGE
ADVISORIES
This section describes various G1000 system message
advisories. Certain messages are issued due to an LRU
or an LRU function failure. Such messages are normally
accompanied by a corresponding red ‘X’ annunciation
as shown previously in the G1000 System Annunciation
section.
12-8
GTX 33 Transponder
OR
GIA 63 Integrated
Avionics Units
NOTE: This section provides information
regarding G1000 message advisories that may
be displayed by the system. Knowledge of the
aircraft, systems, flight conditions, and other
existing operational priorities must be considered
when responding to a message. Always use
sound pilot judgment. The Airplane Flight Manual
takes precedence over any conflicting guidance
found in this section.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
MFD & PFD Message Advisories
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was
lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
mismatch. Xtalk is off.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software mismatch.
Communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 “KEY” KEYSTK – Key is stuck.
MFD1 “KEY” KEYSTK – Key is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1 configuration
module is inoperative.
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot profile and settings.
The pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFD with preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFD are not communicating with each other. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and PFD have different software versions installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by dimming
the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing
it several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
The PFD configuration module backup memory has failed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-9
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
Database Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
Comments
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 aviation
database error exists.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the aviation database. Attempt to reload
the aviation database. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 aviation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that the
database error exists.
terrain card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists,
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain database The G1000 system should be serviced.
error exists.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database
The PFD and MFD have different aviation database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Install correct aviation database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database
The PFD and MFD have different aviation database types installed (Americas, European,
type mismatch. Xtalk is off.
etc.). Crossfill is off. Install correct aviation database type in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different basemap database versions installed. Crossfill is
DB MISMATCH – Basemap database
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
off. Install correct basemap database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
The PFD and MFD have different terrain database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Install correct terrain database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
The PFD and MFD have different terrain database types installed. Crossfill is off.
type mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Install correct terrain database type in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle database
The PFD and MFD have different obstacle database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
version mismatch. Xtalk is off
Install correct obstacle database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
The PFD and MFD have different airport terrrain databases installed. Crossfill is off.
database mismatch. Xtalk is off
Install correct airport terrain database in both displays.
12-10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
GMA 1347 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
Comments
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 configuration The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory.
error. Config service req’d.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
mismatch. Communication halted.
serviced.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit. Certain audio functions
service. Return unit for repair.
may still be available, and the audio panel may still be usable. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
BACKUP PATH – Audio panel 1 using
The #1 audio panel is using a backup communication path. The G1000 system
backup data path.
should be serviced when possible.
GIA 63 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 temperature
too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 temperature
too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to
warm up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-11
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
GIA 63 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Alerts Window Message
Comments
MANIFEST – GIA1 software mismatch.
Communication halted.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should
MANIFEST – GIA2 software mismatch. be serviced.
Communication halted.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
Reducing transmitter power.
transmitter will operate at reduced power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
should be serviced.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may
still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk key
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
is stuck.
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk key
If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
transfer key is stuck.
position. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
transfer key is stuck.
RAIM UNAVAIL – RAIM is not
GPS satellite coverage is insufficient to perform Receiver Autonomous Integrity
available from FAF to MAP waypoints.
Monitoring (RAIM) from the FAF to the MAP waypoints.
RAIM UNAVAIL – RAIM is not
GPS satellite coverage is insufficient to perform Receiver Autonomous Integrity
available.
Monitoring (RAIM) for the current phase of flight.
POSN ERROR – RAIM has determined When a RAIM position error is detected, GPS is flagged and the system no longer
GPS position is in error.
provides GPS-based guidance.
DGRD GPS ACC – GPS position
GPS position accuracy has been degraded and RAIM is not available.
accuracy degraded & RAIM unavailable.
GPS1 FAIL – GPS1 is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver is
unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GPS2 FAIL – GPS2 is inoperative.
12-12
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
GIA 63 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Alerts Window Message
Comments
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs service. be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs service. be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
transfer key is stuck.
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists,
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
the G1000 system should be serviced.
transfer key is stuck.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000
system should be serviced.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
GEA 71 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
BACKUP PATH – EIS using backup
data path.
Comments
The GEA 71 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GEA 71 is using a backup communication path. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-13
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
GTX 33 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software mismatch.
Communication halted.
BACKUP PATH – XPDR1 using backup
data path.
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 transponder is using a backup communications path. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
GRS 77 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
airspeed.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS Mode.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software mismatch.
Communication halted.
BACKUP PATH – AHRS1 using backup
data path.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magnetic-field
model needs update.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far North/
South, no magnetic compass.
12-14
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS
relies on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS Mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using a backup communications data path. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
flagged as invalid.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
GMU 44 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
HDG FAULT – AHRS1 magnetometer
fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
Comments
A fault has occurred in the GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GDL 69 Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 configuration error. Config service req’d.
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is unavailable. The G1000
system should be serviced
GDC 74A Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
GDC1 CONFIG – GDC1 configuration
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
BACKUP PATH – ADC1 using backup
data path.
Comments
GDC 74A configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The GDC 74A is using a backup communications data path. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-15
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
Miscellaneous Message Advisories
Alerts Window Message
Comments
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan waypoint Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight plan waypoint is
is locked.
locked. This occurs when an aviation database update eliminates an obsolete
waypoint. The flight plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message.
This can also occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no longer exists in any database,
OR
update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has changed due to a new
waypoint moved.
aviation database update. Verify that stored flight plans contain correct waypoint
locations.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that have been manually
Verify user modified procedures.
edited. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update. Verify that the
user-modified procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
This occurs when a newly installed aviation database eliminates an obsolete approach or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed
truncated.
from the flight plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
APPR VPROF – Approaching VNAV
Aircraft is approaching VNAV profile. Prepare to climb or descend to meet VNAV
profile.
profile.
APPR TRG ALT – Approaching target
Aircraft is approaching target altitude. Prepare to level aircraft.
altitude.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate locked This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight plan that contains
flight plan.
locked waypoint. Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update flight plan with
current waypoint.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at waypoint
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
-[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead less Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will penetrate the airspace
than 10 minutes.
within 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
ahead.
12-16
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
Alerts Window Message
Comments
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
than 2 nm.
LEG UNSMOOTH – Flight plan leg will The approaching flight plan waypoints are too close to allow for smooth turns.
not be smooth.
Prepare for steep turns ahead and expect noticeable course deviations.
APPR INACTV – Approach is not
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not active. Activate
active.
approach when required.
SLCT AUTOSEQ – Select Auto
The system notifies the pilot to select Auto-sequence Mode. Press the OBS Softkey
sequence Mode.
to deactivate the OBS Mode.
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI
approach.
to the correct NAV receiver.
NO WGS84 WPT – Non WGS 84
The selected waypoint [xxxx] does not use the WGS 84 datum. Cross-check position
waypoint for navigation -[xxxx]
with alternate navigation sources.
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system. The traffic device
failed.
should be serviced.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
failed.
Stormscope is using the backup communication path. The G1000 system should be
BACKUP PATH – Stormscope using
backup path.
serviced when possible.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
12-17
SECTION 12 – ANNUNCIATIONS
& ALERTS
Blank Page
12-18
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
INDEX
A
Abnormal COM operation 11-2
Activate a flight plan 8-3
Active flight plan 8-2
ADF 1-5, 1-6, 4-3
ADVISORY 12-1
Advisory alerts 12-2
AFCS 6-1, 6-3, 6-5, 6-7, 6-8, 6-10,
6-12, 6-13, 6-14, 12-3
Age 10-6
AHRS 12-14
Aircraft alerts 12-2
AIRMET 10-5
Airport frequency 7-6
Airport information 7-3
Airspace alerts 7-10
Airspeed indicator 2-3
Airspeed trend vector 2-3
Alerting System 12-1
Alerts 12-1
Alert levels 12-2
Alert Pop-Up 10-15
Altimeter 2-4
Altitude Alerting 2-4
Altitude hold 1-4, 6-4 – 6-9, 6-11,
6-15, 6-18, 6-20
Altitude Select Bug 2-4
Altitude trend vector 2-4
ALT knob 1-4
AP 1-4, 6-1, 6-3 – 6-8, 6-10, 6-15,
6-19, 6-20, 12-3
Approaches 9-2
Approach activation 4-4
Approach markers
Signal augmentation 5-3
Approach Mode 6-13
AP disconnect 6-1
Arrivals 9-1
Attitude indicator 2-3
Audio alerting system 12-1
Audio panel 4-3, 5-1
Audio panel controls
ADF 5-3
COM 1/2 5-2
DME 5-3
NAV1 5-3
NAV2 5-3
Auto-tuning 4-4
Automatic squelch 4-3
Autopilot 1-3, 6-1, 6-3, 6-4,
6-6 – 6-11, 6-13 – 6-20, 12-3
B
Backcourse 6-12
Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude
2-4
Barometric setting 2-4
Base reflectivity 10-4
BKSP softkey 4-5
BRG1 2-7
BRG2 2-7
C
Caution 12-1
CDI 2-8, 12-17
Cell 10-2
Cell mode 10-2
Cell movement 10-5
Cloud tops 10-4
CLR key 1-3
Coast mode 10-7
Codes (important) 4-5
Code selection 4-5
CODE softkey 4-5
COM Frequency Window 4-1
COM knob 4-3
Controls 1-2, 4-1
Control Wheel Steering 6-1, 6-3
Create a new flight plan 8-4
Create a new user waypoint 8-1
CWS 6-1, 6-3, 6-5 – 6-10, 6-20
Cyclones 10-5
Cylinder select 3-1
CYL SLCT 3-1
D
Departures 9-1
Direct-to 7-1
DME 1-6, 4-4
Dual CDU failure 11-2
E
ECHO TOPS 10-4
Edit a flight plan 8-5
EDR 10-14
Elevator trim 3-2
Emergency code 4-5
Engine display 3-1
ENGINE softkey 3-1
Excessive Descent Rate 10-14
F
FD 1-4, 12-3
Five-Hundred Aural Alert 10-15
Flaps 3-2
FLC 1-4, 6-4, 6-8, 6-18
Flight director 6-1, 6-3, 6-4, 6-5,
6-7 – 6-11, 6-20
Flight ID 4-5
Flight level change 1-4, 6-4, 6-8, 6-12,
6-15, 6-18
Flight Plan Catalog 9-1, 9-2
FLTA 10-13
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance
10-13
FPL key 1-3
Freezing level 10-5
Frequency toggle key 1-3, 4-3
G
GA 6-1, 6-3, 6-4, 6-9, 6-10, 6-13,
6-19, 6-20
Glideslope 6-4, 6-9, 6-10, 6-13
GMA 1347 1-1
Go Around 6-1, 6-4, 6-9, 6-10, 6-13,
6-20
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Index-1
INDEX
H
M
P
Hazard Displays 11-2
HDG key 6-11, 6-15, 6-19
Heading hold 6-10
Heading indication 2-7
Heading Select 1-3, 1-4, 6-10, 6-11
Heading Select Mode 6-11
Headset(s) 5-3
Hijack code 4-5
Horizontal situation indicator 2-6
HSI 2-6
Hurricanes 10-5
Manual Electric Trim 6-1
MAP 7-1
Map panning 10-5
Marker beacon 2-5
Messages 12-1
Message advisories 12-2,
12-9 – 12-17
MET 6-1, 6-3, 12-3
METAR 10-3, 10-5
MFD 1-1, 4-4
Military interceptor operations code
4-5
Missed Approach 6-20
Mistrim 12-3
MKR/MUTE 5-2
Mode selection softkeys 4-5
Morse code identifier 4-3
Page group icon 1-8
PDA 10-14
PFD 1-1, 4-1, 4-4
PIT 6-4, 6-20
Pitch axis modes 6-4, 6-19
Pitch hold 1-4, 6-1, 6-4, 6-5, 6-9,
6-15, 6-20
Pitch Hold Mode 6-4
PLAY key 5-4
Premature Descent Alert 10-14
PROC key 1-3
I
ICAO 4-5
ID 4-3
IDENT function 4-5
Imminent Terrain Impact 10-13
Impact point 10-13
Inhibit 10-12
Inhibit TAWS 10-12
INTEG 2-8
Interrogations 4-5
IOI 10-13, 10-16, 12-4
ITI 10-13
K
Key(s) 1-4
L
Lighted obstacle 10-15
Lightning 1-4, 1-8, 10-2, 10-3, 10-4
Load approach 8-5
Load a VOR frequency 7-8
Load departure 8-4
Load the frequency for a controlling
agency 7-10
Load the nearest ARTCC frequency 7-9
Loss of communication code 4-5
Index-2
N
Nav/Com controls 4-1
NAV1 5-3
NAV2 5-3
Navigation 7-1
Navigation Mode 6-12
Navigation status window 2-2
NAV Frequency Window 4-1
NCR 10-14
Nearest Airports Page 7-3, 7-5,
7-7 – 7-10, 8-1
Nearest ARTCC & FSS frequencies 7-9
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff
10-14
NEXRAD 1-4, 1-8, 10-3 – 10-6
O
OBS 2-8
Obstacles 1-7, 10-9, 10-15, 12-10
Operation 5-2
Optional
NAV radios 4-3
Overspeed 6-2
R
Red pointer 2-3
Remove departure, arrival, or approach
8-5
Replies 4-5
Reversionary mode 11-1
Revision RR-1
ROC 10-13, 10-16, 12-4
Roll Axis Modes 6-2, 6-10
Roll Hold 6-10, 6-15, 6-17
RTC 10-13
Rudder trim 3-2
RX indicator 4-3
R indication 4-5
S
Selected vertical speed 2-5
Severe thunderstorm 10-5
SIGMET 10-5
Slip/Skid indicator 2-3
Softkey function (MFD) 1-4, 1-7
Speed ranges 2-3
Split COM 5-2
Squelch 5-4
Store Flight Plan 8-5
Stormscope lightning data 10-1
Strike 10-2
Strike mode 10-2
System annunciations 12-1, 12-5
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
INDEX
System message advisories 12-8
T
TA 10-7, 12-7
TAF 10-3
TAS 10-8, 10-9, 12-7, 12-14
TAWS 10-11, 10-12, 10-13, 10-15, 10-16, 10-17, 12-4, 12-5
TAWS-B 10-11
TAWS system test 10-13
Terrain 10-9, 10-11, 10-17, 11-2, 12-10, 10-15
TIS 10-7, 12-7
Tornado 10-5
Traffic advisory 10-7, 10-8, 10-9, 10-17, 12-7
Traffic map page 10-7, 10-8, 10-9, 10-15
Transponder 4-5
Transponder Status bar 4-5
Trim 3-2
Tropical storms 10-5
TX 4-3
Weather product symbol 10-5
Weather product symbols 10-6
Weather warnings 10-5
Wind direction 10-5
Wind speed 10-5
X
XPDR softkey 4-5
U
Unlighted obstacle 10-15
V
Vertical Deviation/Glideslope indicator 2-5
Vertical navigation profile 8-8
Vertical speed 1-4, 2-5, 6-4, 6-7, 6-15
Vertical Speed Bug 2-5
Vertical Speed Mode 6-7
VFR code 4-5
VHF 4-1
Voice alerts 12-2, 12-7
VOL/PUSH ID 4-2
VOL/PUSH SQ 4-2, 4-3
Volume/squelch 5-4
VS 1-4, 6-4, 6-7, 6-15
Vspeeds 2-3
W
WARN 2-8
Warning 12-1
Weather data link page 10-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
Index-3
INDEX
Blank Page
Index-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Mooney M20M, M20R, & M20TN
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