Garmin SL40 GPS Receiver User Manual

SL40
TM
VHF Comm
pilot’s guide
© 2005 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 800/800.1020
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT
2345 Turner Rd., SE Salem, OR 97302
Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726
Fax. 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K.
Tel. 44/0870.8501241
Fax 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage
medium, for any purpose without the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this manual onto a hard drive
or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual
must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly
prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change or improve its products and to make changes in the content without
obligation to notify any person or organization of such changes or improvements. Visit the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com) for current updates and supplemental
information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin products.
Garmin®, GPSMAP®, AutoLocate®, TracBack®, Apollo, and MapSource® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries and may not be used without the
express permission of Garmin.
May 2005
Garmin AT Part Number 560-0954-02 Rev. C (Garmin P/N 190-00488-00 Rev A)
Printed in the USA
Introduction
Welcome ...
Welcome to a new era of aviation communication. Once again, Garmin AT, Inc. has set new standards in
features and ease of use for the general aviation public. The SL40 is a VHF Communications Transceiver for
use by the aviation pilot. Packaged in a new slim form factor that helps you get the most out of limited panel
real estate without limiting features and performance. The SL40 is unequaled in providing the features, level of
performance, and reliability that aviation users expect. The slim line series of avionics sets a precedent that will
be the standard that all other avionics will be compared to. You can be confident in knowing that you are the
owner of the state-of-the-art in aviation communication. Our products are built to last and to allow for upgrading as your needs change in the future.
The SL40 is also packaged in configurations to meet the needs of customers for base station and mobile applications. Contact the Garmin Customer Support for more details.
History of Revisions
December 1996
March 1997
June 1998
September 2003
April 2004
May 2005
Original Release
Rev. -01
Rev. -02
Rev. -02 A
Rev -02 B
-02 Rev C
Ordering Information
To receive additional copies of the SL40 User’s Guide, order Garmin AT part #560-0954-02 Rev B (Garmin
P/N 190-00488-00 Rev A). The SL40 Installation Guide is Garmin AT part #560-0956-xx.
i
Introduction
Contacting the Factory
Compliance, License, and
Warranty Information
Serial Number
Use this area to record the serial number in case it is lost, stolen,
or needs service. Be sure to keep your original sales receipt in a
safe place or attach a photocopy inside the manual. The serial
number is located on the back of the unit.
Serial Number:
Contacting the Factory
If the SL40 unit fails to operate despite troubleshooting efforts, contact Garmin Technical Support for assistance.
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062-3426
USA
Phone: (913) 397-8200
FAX: (913) 397-8282
http://www.garmin.com
Be prepared to offer the following information about the installation:
NOTE: If you have previously registered a Garmin product
purchase, we invite you to re-register using our NEW on-line
system. Many services provided by our new product registration
system are now being automated and re-registering your
purchase ensures you the best possible support from Garmin.
•
•
•
•
•
Installation configuration (list of any accessories)
Model number, part number with mod levels, and serial number
Software Versions
Description of problem
Efforts made to isolate the problem
Product Registration and Support
Help us better support you by completing your online registration today! Have the serial number of your SL40
handy and connect to the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.com). Look for the Product Registration link on the
home page. Also, be sure to record your serial number in the space provided to the left.
If you have any questions, Garmin’s Product Support department may be reached Monday through Friday, 8:00
AM to 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, by phone at 1-800-800-1020, or by e-mail at sales@garmin.com.
ii
Introduction
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Welcome ... ............................................................. i
History of Revisions................................................ i
Ordering Information ............................................. i
Introduction..................................... i
Contacting the Factory ......................................... ii
Product Registration and Support........................ ii
Getting Started ..................................................... 1
Display ................................................................ 1
Annunciators ....................................................... 2
Controls .............................................................. 2
Power/Volume/Squelch.................................. 2
Large and Small Knobs .................................. 2
Buttons................................................................ 2
Flip/Flop (Arrows) ........................................ 2
EC (Emergency Channel) .............................. 3
MON (Monitor) ............................................ 3
RCL (Recall) .................................................. 3
MEM (Memory) ............................................ 3
Detailed Operation ................................................ 4
Power On/Off ................................................ 4
Volume .......................................................... 4
Squelch ......................................................... 4
Selecting Frequencies .......................................... 4
Frequency Monitoring ......................................... 5
Recalling a Frequency.......................................... 5
Remote (REM) ..................................................... 5
Auto Stack List (LST) .......................................... 6
User Stored Frequencies (MEM) .......................... 6
Weather (WTH) .................................................. 6
Aborting a Frequency Recall ................................ 6
Removing a Frequency from User Memory.......... 7
Replacing a Frequency from User Memory .......... 7
Assigning an ID to a User Frequency ................... 7
Intercom Function .............................................. 8
Stuck Mic ............................................................ 8
System Functions................................................... 9
Software Version .................................................. 9
RF Level ............................................................ 10
Noise Level........................................................ 11
Headphone Level .............................................. 11
Mic Squelch 1 and 2.......................................... 11
Transmit Mic ..................................................... 11
Intercom Level .................................................. 12
Sidetone Level ................................................... 12
Display Brightness ............................................. 12
SL40 Specifications.............................................. 13
Features ............................................................ 13
Accessories and Packing List ............................... 14
Performance ...................................................... 14
Physical ............................................................. 14
iii
Introduction
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iv
Getting Started
Getting Started
Display
This guide describes the operation of the SL40 VHF Communication Transceiver.
Display
The 1-line by 16-character display is composed of 5x7 dot matrix alphanumeric high
intensity LEDs. A photocell is located in the top left corner of the front panel display. The
photocell automatically controls the intensity of the display from low brightness at night
to high brightness during daylight operation. Brightness levels may also be controlled
manually.
SL40 Display and Control Description
1
Getting Started
Annunciators and Controls
TX - Transmit\
s - Standby Frequency
m - Monitor Mode
I - Intercom
Annunciators
Annunciators
Several annunciators are used to help indicate the operating modes of your SL40. The
TX (Transmit) annunciator is lighted whenever you are transmitting. If the avionics bus
drops below 9 VDC, the SL40 will not transmit. An LED will be lighted above the MON
and RCL buttons when these functions are selected. An “s” will appear to the left of the
Standby frequency. An “m” will appear to the left of the Standby frequency when you are
using the Monitor function. An “I” indicates the Intercom function is being used.
Controls
Volume, Power, and Squelch Control
Large (outer)
and
Small (inner)
knobs
Flip/Flop Button
Power/Volume/Squelch
The knob on the left side of the SL40 controls power on/off, volume, and squelch test.
Rotate the knob clockwise (CW) past the detent to turn the power on. Continuing to rotate the knob to the right increases speaker and headphone amplifier volume level. Rotate
the knob to the left to reduce the volume level. Pull the knob out to disable automatic
squelch. The SL40 may be installed to have the on/off switch disabled and to have power
controlled from the avionics panel.
Large and Small Knobs
The dual concentric knobs on the right side of the SL40 are used to select frequencies or to
view the features available within a function. Details are provided in the appropriate section.
Buttons
Five backlighted buttons allow you to access the functions in your SL40. Flip/Flop (Arrows)
Press the Flip/Flop button to switch between the active (left-most) and standby (rightmost) frequency. Switching between frequencies is disabled while you are transmitting.
Getting Started
Controls
EC (Emergency Channel)
Press the EC button to load the Emergency Channel (121.500 MHz) as the standby frequency. The
Monitor function is automatically enabled.
MON (Monitor)
Press the MON button to listen to the standby frequency. When the active frequency receives a signal,
the unit will switch automatically to the active frequency.
RCL (Recall)
Press the RCL button to retrieve stored frequencies.
MEM (Memory)
Press the MEM button to store the displayed Standby frequency in memory.
3
Detailed
GettingOperation
Started
Selecting Frequencies
Detailed Operation
This section introduces the basic operating details of the SL40 VHF Communications Transceiver.
Volume, Power, and Squelch Control
Power On/Off
Turn the Power/Volume control clockwise past the OFF detent. The SL40 may be installed to be
powered from the avionics panel so the on/off control will be disabled.
Volume
Turn the Power/Volume knob clockwise to increase the volume level and counterclockwise to
decrease volume.
Squelch
Pull the Power/Volume knob out to disable automatic squelch.
Selecting Frequencies
New frequencies are first selected as a Standby frequency and then toggled to the Active side when
desired. While viewing the frequency display, use the Large and Small knobs on the right side of the
SL40 to select the desired frequency.
119.80
119.80
Frequency selection with Large and Small knobs
119.80
s121.50
121.50
s119.80
Toggle Standby and Active frequencies with the
Flip/Flop button
1. Turn the Large, outer knob to change the values in 1 MHz increments. The MHz selection range is
between 118 and 136 in 1 MHz steps.
2. Turn the Small, inner knob to change the values in 25 kHz increments. The kHz selection range is
between 000 and 975 kHz in 25 kHz steps. Note that only two digits are displayed to the right of the
decimal point.
Turn the Large and Small knobs clockwise to increase and counterclockwise to decrease the frequency values. Standby frequency selection is not inhibited during transmit.
Press the Flip/Flop button to toggle the Standby frequency to the Active frequency.
Detailed Operation
Frequency Monitoring
The Frequency Monitoring function allows you to listen to the Standby frequency, while monitoring
the Active frequency for activity.
Press the MON button to listen to the standby frequency. A small “m” is displayed in front of the
Standby frequency. When the Active frequency receives a signal, the unit will switch automatically to the
Active frequency and then switch back when activity ceases. An arrow (< or >) will point to the frequency
that you are currently listening to. A slight clicking sound occurs when the radio is checking the Active
frequency for activity. The Monitor function is deactivated when you press MON.
Recalling a Frequency
The SL40 can access several areas of stored frequencies. The SL40 can also receive airport frequencies
if connected to certain GPS receivers.
Remote (REM)
The Remote function will allow the SL40 to access the airport frequency database in an GPS receiver.
Press RCL to view the Remote (REM) frequencies. Then, turn the Small, inner knob to display the
available frequencies. The waypoint type and frequency are displayed.
If not connected to an GPS, or the list is not received, the list will not be available.
Monitoring and Recalling Frequencies
119.10 > m121.50
Monitoring a Frequency
TWR - Tower frequency
GND - Ground frequency
ATS - ATIS frequency
ATF - Air Traffic Frequency
APP - Approach
ARR - Arrival
AWS - Automatic Weather Station
CLR - Clearance/Delivery
CTF - Common Traffic Advisory
Frequency
DEP - Departure frequency
FSS - Flight Service Station
RFS - Remote Flight Service Station
UNI - Unicom frequency
MF - Mandatory Frequency
Frequency Abbreviations
119.10 REM SLE
119.10 ATS124.55
Recalling a Remote Frequency
5
Detailed
GettingOperation
Started
Auto Stack, User, & Weather Frequencies
119.10 LST121.80
Viewing the Auto Stack List
119.10 MEM121.80
119.10 MEM124.55
Viewing User Stored Frequencies
Auto Stack List (LST)
The SL40 keeps track of the last eight Active frequencies and stores them in a stack. Duplicate frequencies are not stored.
1. Press RCL and then turn the Large, outer knob to display the Auto Stack List (LST).
2. Then, turn the Small, inner knob to view the stored frequencies. Frequencies are shown in the order of
use.
User Stored Frequencies (MEM)
When you press the MEM button the Standby frequency is stored in User memory. The SL40
stores the last eight frequencies selected by the user. After eight User frequencies are stored, you will be
prompted that the stack is full (mem full). You may then remove or replace the frequency, or abort the
process. Duplicate frequencies are not stored.
1. Press RCL and then turn the Large, outer knob to reach the User frequencies.
2. Turn the Small, inner knob to view the User stored frequencies in numeric order.
119.10 WTH162.40
Viewing Weather Frequencies
162.400 MHz
162.425 MHz
162.450 MHz
162.475 MHz
162.500 MHz
162.525 MHz
162.550 MHz
Weather Frequencies (where available)
6
Weather (WTH)
The standard weather channels are stored in the memory of the SL40. You cannot transmit on a
weather channel frequency. Weather information service is not available in all countries. A small “x” to
the right of the Active frequency indicates that transmitting is not permitted.
1. Press RCL and then turn the Large, outer knob to display the weather (WTH) channel memory.
2. Then, turn the Small, inner knob to view the available weather channels.
Aborting a Frequency Recall
You may abort the recall of a frequency so the current Standby frequency will remain in place.
1. Press RCL. While viewing one of the frequency types, press MEM. If you are viewing a REM, LST, or
WTH frequency type, the display will read “Abort RCL.” If you are viewing a User (MEM) frequency type,
turn the Large knob to “Abort RCL.”
2. Press MEM again to abort the recall and retain the current Standby frequency.
Detailed Operation
Removing a Frequency from User Memory
You may edit the contents of User memory to remove its stored frequencies when you want to make a
change or you receive a “MEM Full” message.
1. Press RCL. Turn the Large knob to the User (MEM) frequencies.
2. Press MEM. Turn Large knob to show “Remove.”
3. Turn the Small knob to choose the frequency to Remove.
4. Press MEM to remove the frequency. Or, turn the Large knob to “Abort” and press MEM to cancel and
leave memory as it was.
Removing, Replacing, & ID User Frequencies
Remove
121.50
Removing a Frequency
Replacing a Frequency from User Memory
You may edit the contents of User memory to replace its stored frequencies when you want to make a
change or you receive a “MEM Full” message.
1. Select the desired new frequency with the Large and Small knobs.
2. Press RCL. Turn the Large knob to the User (MEM) frequencies.
3. Press MEM. Turn Large knob to show “Replace.”
4. Turn the Small knob to choose the frequency to Replace.
5. Press MEM to replace the displayed stored frequency with the current Standby frequency. Or, turn the
Large knob to “Abort” and press MEM to cancel and leave memory as it was.
Assigning an ID to a User Frequency
Frequencies in User (MEM) memory can be given an alphanumeric identifier for your ease of use.
1. Press RCL. Turn the Large knob to the User (MEM) frequencies.
2. Press MEM and hold it for about two seconds. “Assign ID” and the frequency to be given an ID will be
displayed.
3. Turn the Small knob to select the desired User frequency.
4. Press MEM. Six underscored spaces will appear and the first one will flash.
5. Turn the Small knob to select characters. Turn the Large knob to move to another space. Continue to
select the desired characters.
Replace
121.50
Replacing a Frequency
Assign ID 124.55
Assign ID ATIS__
Done
ATIS__
Assigning an ID to a User Frequency
7
Detailed
GettingOperation
Started
Intercom and Stuck Mic
6. Press MEM to save the displayed ID. Turn the Large knob to “Done” and press MEM.
The alphanumeric ID for a frequency is displayed only when looking at user stored frequencies using
the recall (RCL) feature. The stored frequency is displayed numerically once selected as the active or
standby frequency.
You can remove the ID for a frequency while retaining the frequency in User memory by setting all
characters to underscores and pressing MEM.
119.10 *s 121.50
Intercom Function is Selected
121.50 Stuck Mic
Stuck Mic Message
Intercom Function
When two headphone and microphone jacks are connected to the SL40, these headsets can be used
as a voice-activated intercom.
When you select the Intercom function with the installed selector switch, the intercom function is enabled. The Volume control will control the headphone listening level. The receive function will automatically become active when a signal is detected, but the volume will be reduced during intercom activity.
A small “I” is displayed above and to the left of the “s” or “m” of the standby frequency to indicate the
Intercom function is selected.
The Microphone Squelch Sensitivity can be set in the System Functions.
Stuck Mic
The SL40 helps protect you from a situation where the microphone may get stuck in the ON or Transmit position. If the microphone is keyed for longer than 35 seconds, the SL40 will return to the receive
mode on the selected frequency.
A flashing “Stuck Mic” message will display until the transmit key is released.
Note: In an emergency situation, if the “Stuck Mic” message remains after you have stopped
keying the mic, turn the power off and then back on. You will then get another 35 second timeout period to transmit.
8
Detailed Operation
System Functions
System Functions
The SL40 includes a number of System Functions that give you more information about your communication equipment. Press and hold the MON button for about three seconds to reach the System
Function. Turn the Large, outer knob to display the available functions. Adjustments are made with the
Small, inner knob. Press the MON button again to exit the System Functions.
System Function Summary
Software Version
The Software version is available for reference when you contact Technical Support.
SW VER
x.xx
Software Version
9
Detailed
GettingOperation
Started
System Functions
RFLvl
123
RF Level
10
RF Level
The RF Level function shows the relative signal strength of the frequency you are listening to. The
range displayed is between 0 and 255. The value will constantly change as you are viewing it as signal
conditions change.
Detailed Operation
System Functions
Noise Level
The Noise Level function shows the relative received noise level of the frequency you are listening
to. The range displayed is between 0 and 255. The value will constantly change as you are viewing it as
signal conditions change.
NOISE
Headphone Level
The Headphone Level function allows you to adjust the headphone audio level. Turn the Small knob
to change the value. Setting the value to 0 slaves the headphone audio level to the volume control knob.
The range is from 0 to 255.
Hdphone Lvl
Mic Squelch 1 and 2
The input level required to break squelch by the microphone is set from this page. Lower numbers
indicate a higher input level necessary to break squelch. Turn the Small knob to change the value. The
range is from 0 to 127.
Mic1 Sqlch
Transmit Mic
The Transmit Microphone page allows you to control which microphone is permitted to transmit. You
may choose Mic 1, 2, or both. To adjust the Transmit Mic control:
1. Press and hold the MON button for about two seconds. This will access the System Functions mode.
2. Rotate the Large knob to display the Transmit Mic page.
3. Rotate the Small knob to select MIC1, MIC2, or MIC1+MIC2.
4. Press any key to exit the Setup Functions mode.
5. Select an appropriate frequency, key the transmitter, and talk into the microphones to check for the
intended operation.
017
Noise Level
100
Noise Level
100
Mic Squelch Level
Transmit Mic 1
Transmit Mic Selection
11
Appendix
System Functions
Intcom Lvl
100
Intercom Level
Sidton Lvl
100
Sidetone Level
Lo Dsp Lvl
0
Hi Dsp Lvl
50
Low and High Display Levels
12
Intercom Level
This function adjusts the Intercom Audio Level. Turn the Small knob to change the value. The range
is from 0 to 255. Setting the value to 0 slaves the sidetone level to the volume control knob.
Sidetone Level
This function displays and adjusts the sidetone audio level. Turn the Small knob to change the value.
The range is from 0 to 255. Setting the value to 0 slaves the sidetone level to the volume control knob.
Display Brightness
As it arrives from the factory, the SL40 automatically adjusts its display brightness for the current
lighting conditions. A small sensor at the upper left of the display is used for this function. There are
two adjustments available for controlling the brightness level of the display. The first controls the lower
brightness level in the automatic adjustment range (Lo Dsp Lvl). This is the brightness used when in total
darkness. The second adjusts the upper limit of this range (Hi Dsp Lvl). This is used when bright light is
shining on the display.
The factory settings for these are at the limits of the range, 0 (Lo Dsp Lvl) and 50 (Hi Dsp Lvl). The
range can be reduced if desired using the inner knob to adjust the two values.
Some users may wish to disable the automatic dimming function. This can be accomplished by setting the high display level to zero. Now the low level adjustment will set the brightness of the display
directly with no automatic adjustment made based on ambient light.
Appendix
SL40 Specifications
Specifications
Features
760 Communication Channels
Frequency Range: 118 to 136.975 MHz
Active and Standby Flip/Flop Frequencies
Volume Control
16-Character High-Intensity Alphanumeric LED Display
Automatic Display Intensity Control
Backlit Keypad Controls
Transmit Status Indicator
2x8 Frequency Memory and Recall
Stores/Recalls Eight User-Defined Frequencies
(user-programmable alphanumeric naming of frequencies)
Stores/Recalls Previous Eight Frequencies
Frequency Monitor Function (listens to standby while monitoring the active)
Voice Activated Intercom
Dedicated Emergency Channel Selector
Upgradeable to Include GPS Option
Squelch Test Function
Stuck Mic Time-Out - 35 seconds
13
Appendix
Specifications, Accessories, & Packing
Accessories and
Packing List
To obtain accessories for your SL40 please contact
your Garmin dealer.
Help us better support you by completing our on-line
registration form today! Registration ensures that you
will be notified of product updates and new products
and provides lost or stolen unit tracking. Please, have
the serial number of your SL40 handy, connect to
our web site (www.garmin.com) and look for our
Product Registration link on the home page.
The SL40 display lens is coated with a special antireflective coating which is very sensitive to skin oils,
waxes, and abrasive cleaners. It is very important
to clean the lens using an eyeglass cleaner that is
specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings (one suitable product is Wal-Mart Lens Cleaner) and a clean,
lint-free cloth.
14
Performance
Transmit Power: 8 watts Carrier Power (28 watts Input Power)
Input Voltage Range: 10 to 40 VDC
Operating Temperature Range: -20° to +55° C
Certified TSO C37d (transmitting)
Certified TSO C38d (receiving)
Certified TSO C128 (Stuck Mic)
Physical
Dimensions: 1.3” (H) x 6.25” (W) x 10.5” (D)
Weight: 2 lbs
© 2005 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Unit 5, The Quadrangle, Abbey Park Industrial Estate, Romsey, SO51 9DL, U.K.
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Garmin AT P/N 560-0954-02 Rev. C (Garmin P/N 190-00488-00 Rev A)