4078tl.book Page 1 Tuesday, December 22, 1998 2:19 PM
Gateway ALR
8200 User’s
Guide
Part #8504078
A MAN SYS US 8200 USR GDE R2
12/98
4078tl.book Page 2 Tuesday, December 22, 1998 2:19 PM
Notices
Copyright © 1998 Gateway 2000, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
610 Gateway Drive
N. Sioux City, SD 57049 USA
All Rights Reserved
This publication is protected by copyright and all rights are reserved. No part of it may be reproduced
or transmitted by any means or in any form, without prior consent in writing from Gateway 2000.
The information in this manual has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate. However,
changes are made periodically. These changes are incorporated in newer publication editions.
Gateway 2000 may improve and/or change products described in this publication at any time. Due to
continuing system improvements, Gateway 2000 is not responsible for inaccurate information which
may appear in this manual. For the latest product updates, consult the Gateway 2000 web site at
www.gateway.com. In no event will Gateway 2000 be liable for direct, indirect, special, exemplary,
incidental, or consequential damages resulting from any defect or omission in this manual, even if
advised of the possibility of such damages.
In the interest of continued product development, Gateway 2000 reserves the right to make
improvements in this manual and the products it describes at any time, without notices or obligation.
Trademark Acknowledgments
AnyKey, black-and-white spot design, ColorBook, CrystalScan, Destination, EZ Pad, EZ Point, Field
Mouse, Gateway 2000, HandBook, Liberty, TelePath, Vivitron, stylized “G” design, and “You’ve got a
friend in the business” slogan are registered trademarks and “All the big trends start in South Dakota”
slogan, GATEWAY, and Gateway Solo are trademarks of Gateway 2000, Inc. Intel, Intel Inside logo,
and Pentium are registered trademarks and MMX is a trademark of Intel Corporation. Microsoft, MS,
MS-DOS, and Windows are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other
product names mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only, and may be the trademarks
or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright © 1998 Advanced Logic Research, Inc. (ALR)
All Rights Reserved
9401 Jeronimo
Irvine, CA 92618 USA
All Rights Reserved
This publication is protected by copyright and all rights are reserved. No part of it may be reproduced
or transmitted by any means or in any form, without prior consent in writing from ALR.
The information in this manual has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate. However,
changes are made periodically. These changes are incorporated in newer publication editions. ALR
may improve and/or change products described in this publication at any time. Due to continuing
system improvements, ALR is not responsible for inaccurate information which may appear in this
manual. For the latest product updates, consult the ALR web site at www.alr.com. In no event will ALR
be liable for direct, indirect, special, exemplary, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from
any defect or omission in this manual, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.
In the interest of continued product development, ALR reserves the right to make improvements in this
manual and the products it describes at any time, without notices or obligation.
Trademark Acknowledgments
ALR is a registered trademark of Advanced Logic Research, Inc. All other product names mentioned
herein are used for identification purposes only, and may be the trademarks or registered trademarks
of their respective companies.
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Contents
Preface ..................................................................................... iii
About this guide...................................................................................... iv
Conventions used in this guide ............................................................... v
Important safety instructions.................................................................. vi
Getting Started ......................................................................... 1
Before you begin ..................................................................................... 2
Assembling your system ......................................................................... 3
Inspecting the contents..................................................................... 3
Setting up the server ......................................................................... 4
Starting up the system ............................................................................. 6
Quick check...................................................................................... 6
Troubleshooting guidelines ............................................................. 7
System Features ..................................................................... 9
Basic features......................................................................................... 10
Front panel ............................................................................................. 11
Buttons............................................................................................ 12
Internal 3.5-inch drive bay ............................................................. 12
LED indicators ............................................................................... 12
5.25-inch drive bays ....................................................................... 13
Bezel doors and keylock ................................................................ 13
RAID bay backplane...................................................................... 13
3.5-Inch LVD SCA drive bays ...................................................... 13
3.5-inch diskette drive.................................................................... 13
Rear panel .............................................................................................. 14
Power supplies................................................................................ 15
Fans................................................................................................. 16
Chassis keylock .............................................................................. 16
Expansion slot cover plates............................................................ 16
I/O ports .......................................................................................... 17
Operating systems ................................................................................. 18
Maintaining and Cleaning Your System ................................ 19
Maintaining your hard drive ................................................................. 20
Using ScanDisk.............................................................................. 20
Contents
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Using Check Disk.......................................................................... 21
Using Disk Defragmenter.............................................................. 22
Protecting against viruses ..................................................................... 23
Cleaning your system ........................................................................... 24
Cleaning the mouse........................................................................ 24
Cleaning the keyboard................................................................... 25
Cleaning the monitor screen.......................................................... 25
Cleaning the computer and monitor cases .................................... 25
Appendix .................................................................................27
Acronyms and abbreviations................................................................ 28
Terms and definitions ........................................................................... 32
Regulatory compliance statements....................................................... 35
FCC Notice .................................................................................... 35
Industry Canada Notice ................................................................. 35
CE Notice....................................................................................... 36
VCCI Notice .................................................................................. 36
Australia/New Zealand Notice...................................................... 37
Index .......................................................................................39
ii
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Preface
About this guide...................................................... iv
Conventions used in this guide ............................... v
Important safety instructions.................................. vi
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About this guide
The purpose of this User’s Guide is to help you unpack, assemble, and
install the system. This guide provides step-by-step setup and operating
instructions along with detailed illustrations throughout the document.
Below is a summary of the sections to follow:
Chapter 1: Getting Started covers information about the internal and
external features as well as the system architecture and supported operating
systems.
Chapter 2: System Features explains the main features of your system,
including how to assemble it, identifying connectors and arranging your
workspace.
Chapter 3: Maintaining and Cleaning Your System explains how to
perform routine maintenance and cleaning on your system.
We recommend you take time to read through the manual before using the
system. If you encounter a problem, refer to the handy troubleshooting
section in this guide.
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Conventions used in this guide
Throughout this booklet, you will see the following conventions:
Convention
Description
ENTER
Keyboard key names are printed in small
capitals.
CTRL+ALT+DEL
A plus sign indicates that the keys must be
pressed simultaneously.
Setup
Commands to be entered, options to
select, and messages that appear on your
monitor are printed in bold.
User’s Guide
Names of publications and files are printed
in italic.
Important!
An important informs you of special
circumstances.
Caution!
A caution warns you of possible damage
to equipment or loss of data.
Warning!
A warning indicates the possibility of
personal injury.
Preface
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Important safety instructions
Observe the following guidelines when performing any work on your
system:
vi
Gateway ALR 8200 User’s Guide
•
Follow all instructions marked on this product and in the
documentation.
•
Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not
use liquid or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning.
•
Do not use this product near water. Do not spill liquid on or into the
product.
•
•
Do not place this product on an unstable surface.
•
Use only the power source indicated on the power supply. If you
are not certain about your power source, consult your reseller or the
local power company.
•
This product is equipped with a 3-wire grounding plug (a plug
with a grounding pin). This plug will only fit into a grounded
power outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the
plug into the outlet, contact your electrician to replace the outlet.
•
•
Do not walk on the power cord or allow anything to rest on it.
•
•
Never insert objects of any kind into the system ventilation slots.
Openings in the system cabinet are provided for ventilation. Do not
block or cover these openings. Do not place this product near or
upon a radiator or heat register.
If you use an extension cord with this system, make sure the total
ampere ratings on the products plugged into the extension cord do
not exceed the extension cord ampere rating. Also, the total ampere
requirements for all products plugged into the wall outlet must not
exceed 15 amperes.
Do not attempt to service the system yourself except as explained
elsewhere in the manual. Adjust only those controls covered in the
instructions. Opening or removing covers marked “Do Not
Remove” may expose you to dangerous voltages or other risks.
Refer all servicing of those compartments to qualified service
personnel.
4078tl.book Page vii Tuesday, December 22, 1998 2:19 PM
•
Under any of the following conditions, unplug the system from the
wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified personnel:
•
The power cord or plug is damaged.
•
Liquid has been spilled into the system.
•
The system does not operate properly when the operating
instructions are followed.
•
The system was dropped, or the cabinet is damaged.
•
The product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
Important!
The system power cord
serves as the main
disconnect for the
computer. The wall outlet
must be easily accessible
by the operator.
Preface
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1
Getting Started
Before you begin ..................................................... 2
Assembling your system ......................................... 3
Starting up the system.............................................. 6
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Before you begin
Congratulations on your purchase. With the arrival of your new system, you
are probably eager to assemble the computer and have it operating. This
section helps you:
•
•
•
Assemble the system
Connect the monitor and keyboard
Start up the system
Carefully read and follow these instructions to ensure that your system
operates correctly.
2
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Assembling your system
•
Prepare a clean, flat, and firm surface for your computer. Allow at
least three inches at the rear of the chassis for cabling and air
circulation.
•
Protect your computer from extreme temperature and humidity. Do
not expose your computer to direct sunlight, heater ducts, and other
heat-generating objects.
•
Keep your system away from equipment that generates magnetic
fields. Even a telephone placed too closely to the system may
cause interference.
•
Protect your system against AC power spikes by using a 3-prong,
115-V or 230-V (depending on the voltage supplied in your
locality) power cord, and an AC surge control power strip. The
system includes a TAC400 power supply. The power supply ships
with a single hot-swappable module and can support up to two
modules. The system requires a separate wall outlet for each power
supply module.
Inspecting the contents
Unpack the carton and inspect the contents. Standard systems include the
following items:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Server
Power cables
User’s guide
Maintaining and troubleshooting guide
Utilities
Enhanced keyboard
Important!
Keep the product carton
and foam packing, in case
you have to ship the
system.
If you return the system in
different packaging, your
warranty may be voided.
Check the packing list to ensure all equipment and associated manuals are
included in your shipment. Inspect everything carefully.
Getting Started
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Setting up the server
Refer to Figure 1 and the following procedures when connecting optional
peripherals to your system.
Figure 1: Connecting Peripherals
1. Connect the keyboard and mouse to their respective ports using the
pictures on the server’s rear cover as a guide.
2. Connect the monitor video cable to the video port. The location of the
port may vary depending on whether you use the integrated video or a
video card.
Important!
Shielded cables are
required by the FCC.
3. Connect the monitor power cable to an AC outlet or, preferably, a
surge control outlet station.
4. Verify that the voltage selector switch on the power supply is set for
the proper voltage (115V or 230V). If the system includes two
hot-swap modules, each module has a voltage selector switch.
4
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5. Connect the power cable to the AC-In power socket on the power
supply. If the system includes both hot-swappable modules, there will
be an AC-In power socket on each module.
6. Connect the other end of the power cable(s) to an AC outlet.
Getting Started
5
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Starting up the system
Warning!
For safety reasons, both
upper and lower bezel
doors must be closed and
locked while the system is
running.
Press the On/Off switch on the front panel to start the system. The green
LED on the front panel lights.
If you turn off your system, you must wait at least ten seconds before you
turn the system back on.
The system self-checks the memory even if the monitor is not connected. If
the monitor is connected and on, the screen displays the start-up sequence.
•
If more than one CPU is installed, the system displays which CPU
it is currently testing.
•
If any errors are encountered, your system displays them on the
monitor.
•
If a monitor is not connected or the system is unable to display an
error, an error beep code sounds.
If the system encounters an error, it is most likely a nonfatal one, meaning
the system will function until the error is corrected (usually through the
BIOS Setup). In the rare case of a fatal error, see “Quick check” on page 6.
If the information in this guide does not help you solve the problem, check
your Maintaining and Troubleshooting Guide for instructions.
Important!
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Quick check
Sometimes, the simplest things can cause trouble. To avoid unnecessary
service calls, be sure you check over the basics before you call for support.
If your system does not operate correctly, re-read the instructions for the
procedure(s) you have performed. If an error occurs within an application,
consult the documentation supplied with the software.
This section identifies solutions to common problems.
6
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Looking things over
In any complex system, there is potential for a forgotten connection, a
forgotten switch, or a loose connector. If you try to start up the server and it
does not start up, perform the following checks:
•
•
•
•
Is the power cord connected to the CPU system and an AC outlet?
Is the AC outlet supplying power?
Important!
If the CMOS has been
corrupted by a power
outage or an interrupted
flash update and you plug
the system into a power
outlet, it will power up
immediately. This is normal.
If a power strip is used, is it switched on? Is the circuit breaker set?
Does the voltage selection switch on the system’s power supply
reflect the proper voltage?
Verifying your configuration
If your system is not operating correctly, the BIOS may contain an invalid
configuration parameter. Enter the BIOS program and check your
configuration settings. The BIOS Setup utility, configuration fields, and the
options for those fields are provided in the Maintaining and Troubleshooting
Guide.
Troubleshooting guidelines
As you troubleshoot your system, keep the following guidelines in mind:
•
•
Never remove the system covers while the system is on.
•
If a peripheral such as the keyboard, mouse, drive, or printer does
not work, ensure that all connections are secure.
•
If the screen displays an error message, write it down
word-for-word. You may be asked about it when calling Technical
Support.
•
•
Only qualified personnel should open the system for maintenance.
Do not attempt to open the monitor. It is extremely dangerous.
Even if the monitor power is disconnected, stored energy in the
monitor’s components can cause a painful or harmful shock.
If you are qualified to maintain the system yourself, make certain
you are properly grounded before opening the system chassis.
Getting Started
7
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2
System
Features
Basic features......................................................... 10
Front panel ............................................................. 11
Rear panel .............................................................. 14
Operating systems ................................................. 18
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Basic features
10
•
•
Intel Pentium® II processor (speed depends on the model)
•
•
•
•
SMP design supporting up to two processor modules
•
•
Extended PCI-to-PCI bridge support
•
•
Integrated 2-MB DRAM PCI Graphics (Cirrus Logic GD54M30)
•
Integrated PCI Ultra2 SCSI (Adaptec 7890) with two 68-pin
connectors, dual-channel Ultra-DMA PCI IDE interface, and
floppy controller supporting 1.44 MB and 2.88 MB formats.
•
RAIDport ready: the shared PCI/RAIDport slot supports the
addition of a RAIDport card to provide RAID capability.
•
Low voltage differential (LVD) support for SCSI devices. LVD
SCSI allows faster disk access and greater data integrity
•
Power supply unit that supports dual 400 W redundant power
supply modules with hot swap capability. The system ships with a
single module. If you install the optional second module, the power
supply supports load sharing and N+1 fault tolerance.
•
•
Phoenix upgradable Flash BIOS, Year 2000 Ready
Gateway ALR 8200 User’s Guide
Autodetection of 66/100-MHz memory bus for all processor
speeds to accommodate processors using either memory bus speed
Intel MP Specification V1.1 and 1.4 compliant
32-bit PCI and 16-bit ISA bus master
64-bit processor and memory data path
64-MB Error Checking and Correcting (ECC) memory,
expandable to 1-GB using ECC 72-bit SDRAM DIMMs
Eight expansion slots: five PCI, one shared PCI/RAIDport, one
shared PCI/ISA, and one ISA slot
The system is equipped with InforManager™ (IFM), a special
feature consisting of both hardware and software designed to
monitor and report the operating status of the system and its
devices: CPUs, power supplies, RAM, ambient temperatures,
voltages, and fan operation. For further information about the
InforManager™, refer to the InforManager™ User’s Guide.
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Front panel
The front panel of the system is equipped with switches, LEDs, and drive
bays (see Figure 2.)
Keyboard lock button/ECC clear
Power button
Reset button
Internal 3.5-inch drive bay
Power LED
Hard disk activity LED
CPU 1 activity LED
CPU 2 activity LED
ECC fault LED
Power supply fault LED
3.5-inch
diskette
drive
5.25-inch drive bays
Bezel doors
(open)
Bezel key lock
SCSI disk
activity LEDs
3.5-inch
LVD SCA
drive bays
RAID bay backplane
(behind drive bays)
Figure 2: Front Panel
System Features
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Buttons
The following table shows the front panel buttons and their functions. See
Figure 2 on page 11 for the locations of the buttons.
Switch
Function
Power
Turns the system ON or OFF.
Reset
Allows you to reset the system without having to
power it off and then on again
Keyboard lock
Enables or disables the keyboard functions and
clears the error flag after an ECC error. Pressing
this button does not correct the error condition. If
the error condition has not been corrected, the
LED will light again.
Internal 3.5-inch drive bay
The system includes an internal 3.5-inch drive bay to accommodate a
3.5-inch IDE hard drive or other 3.5-inch device that does not need to be
accessed from outside the system.
LED indicators
The following table shows the front panel indicator LEDs and their
functions. See Figure 2 on page 11 for the locations of the indicator LEDs.
12
LED
Meaning When Lit
Power
The system is on.
Hard disk controller
activity
The hard disk is being accessed.
P1 activity
The first CPU is active.
P2 activity
The second CPU is active.
ECC fault
A memory error has been detected.
Power supply fault
One of the power supplies has failed.
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LED
Meaning When Lit
Hard disk activity
The corresponding LVD SCA drive is being
accessed.
Power
The system is on.
5.25-inch drive bays
The 5.25-inch drive bays provide space for up to five 5.25-inch devices
such as CD-ROM drives, 5.25-inch diskette drives, or tape drives.
Bezel doors and keylock
The top bezel door provides access to the power, reset, and keyboard inhibit
switches, as well as the 3.5-inch diskette drive and the 5.25-inch drive bays.
The lower bezel door provides access to the 3.5-inch low voltage
differential (LVD) SCA drive bays. Both doors can be locked to prevent
unauthorized access.
Warning!
Both upper and lower bezel
doors must be closed and
locked while the system is
running.
RAID bay backplane
The RAID bay backplane supports connection of up to six 3.5-inch
hot-swappable, LVD, SCA, SCSI hard drives. The backplane automatically
sets SCSI ID numbers and provides termination. Settings allow you to
divide the backplane into one or two channels and to connect a SCSI
CD-ROM drive to the backplane as well.
3.5-Inch LVD SCA drive bays
The 3.5-inch LVD SCA drive bays allow you to install up to six 1- or
1.6-inch hot-swappable SCSI hard drives. The drives use a guide rail system
that allows easy installation and removal. Cooling for the drive bays is
provided by internal fans.
3.5-inch diskette drive
The standard system is equipped with one half-height 1.44-MB 3.5-inch
diskette.
System Features
13
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Rear panel
The rear panel of the system is equipped with I/O ports, connectors, and
switches (see Figure 3).
Status light, power
supply 1 (PS1)
Power supply
module 1
AC plug, PS1
Voltage selection
switch, PS1
Status light, optional
power supply 2 (PS2)
Power supply
module 2 (optional)
AC plug, PS2
Voltage selection
switch, PS2
Serial port 1
Parallel port
Serial port 2
Mouse port
Chassis fan vent
Keyboard port
Video port
Dual USB ports
Chassis key lock
Ethernet port
Primary PCI slot
covers
Secondary
PCI slots 1 & 2
covers
Secondary PCI slot
3/RAIDport slot
cover
Secondary PCI slot
4/ISA slot 1 cover
ISA slot 2
Figure 3: Rear Panel
14
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Power supplies
The system supports two 400-Watt redundant power supply modules
capable of load sharing. The standard configuration includes a single
module. The second module can be purchased as an option and provides
redundancy and hot-swap capabilities.
Power supply status lights
Each power supply module has a multi-color status light.
•
•
•
Green indicates normal operating mode
Amber indicates standby mode
No light indicates the power supply module is not receiving power
or has failed
Voltage selector switches
Located on the back of the power supply module, this switch must be set to
the proper AC line voltage used in your locality (115VAC or 230VAC). If
the optional second module is installed, there are two Voltage Selector
Switches.
Caution!
The voltage selector
switches are set at the
factory. Changing them
may result in severe
damage to the server.
AC power-in connectors
This is a connector into the power supply that provides the electrical current
to the system and its peripherals. Using the power cable supplied with the
system, connect the power supply into a wall outlet. If the optional second
module is installed, there are two AC Power-In connectors. If you use both
modules, plug each power cable into a separate wall outlet, preferably on
separate circuits.
System Features
15
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Fans
The exhaust fans provide airflow through the system to keep the interior
temperature to acceptable levels. Do not block this vent.
Chassis keylock
The chassis keylock allows you to secure the panels to the chassis to prevent
unauthorized access to the system and its peripherals.
Expansion slot cover plates
These are cover plates for their corresponding expansion slots on the
system board.
16
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I/O ports
The following table shows the rear panel I/O ports and their descriptions.
For the locations of the ports refer to Figure 3 on page 14.
Port
Definition
Serial ports 1 and 2
These are high speed serial ports that use the
First-In-First-Out (FIFO) protocol. If you have a
serial mouse, connect it to Serial Port 1 (COM1).
Other serial devices such as serial printers or
modems are also connected to these ports.
Parallel port
Parallel devices such as parallel printers and
scanners can be connected to this port.
Mouse port
This port supports any mouse with a miniature
circular DIN (mini-DIN) connector.
Keyboard port
This port supports any keyboard with a miniature
circular DIN (mini-DIN) connector.
Video port
Connects your monitor to the video interface
card.
Stacked dual USB
ports
These ports support any USB compliant devices.
USB keyboards and mice may not be compatible
with power management functions.
Integrated LAN port
This port supports an RJ45 connector to your
LAN. The LAN port has two small LEDs. These
LEDs provide the following information:
• The green LED lights when the integrated
ethernet circuit detects a valid link to the
network
•
Important!
If your mouse has a
mini-DIN connector, you
must connect it to the
mouse port.
The amber LED lights when the integrated
ethernet circuit communicates at 100Mbps.
System Features
17
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Operating systems
Important!
The Pentium® II processor
in this system is designed
to support 32-bit operating
systems and applications.
To ensure optimum system
performance, use only
32-bit programs on the
system.
Important!
SCO UNIX versions 3.2.4.2
and ODT 3.0 require both
MPX 3.X and APIC Driver
1.X to support more than
one processor.
The system is 100% Intel MP Specification V1.1 or V1.4, BIOS-selectable
compliant. The following operating systems support symmetrical
multi-processing (SMP):
•
•
•
•
•
Novell NetWare SMP 4.1 and 4.11
•
•
Solaris® 2.1
•
Microsoft Windows NT™ Server 3.51 and 4.0
•
Microsoft Windows NT™ Workstation 3.51 and 4.0
•
•
Microsoft Windows NT™ Server 4.0 Enterprise
SCO UNIX 3.2.4.2
SCO UNIX ODT 3.0
SCO UNIX Open Server 5.X
UnixWare 2.01 and 2.1
IBM OS/2 SMP 3.0 Warp
Microsoft Small Business Server (SBS)
Because each operating system operates differently, it is best to reference
your software documentation for specific instructions on what to do after
the system boots.
The following operating systems run on the system but do not support the
system’s multiprocessing capabilities:
•
•
•
Microsoft Windows® 95
NeXTStep OS 3.3
Novell NetWare 3.1x and 4.x
If you are unsure whether or not your application supports SMP, contact the
product manufacturer.
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3
Maintaining and
Cleaning Your
System
Maintaining your hard drive.................................. 20
Protecting against viruses...................................... 23
Cleaning your system ............................................ 24
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Maintaining your hard drive
Hard drives need regular maintenance because running the system software
divides files, creates spaces between data, and otherwise decreases the hard
drive’s performance. Windows 95 and Windows NT provide maintenance
tools that help prevent possible hard drive problems. The most important
tools for hard drive maintenance are the programs ScanDisk (Windows 95
only), Check Disk (Windows NT only), and Disk Defragmenter (Windows
95 only).
Using ScanDisk
ScanDisk is a Windows 95 program that lets you check your hard disk for
damaged areas and then repairs them. We suggest you scan your hard drive
from at least once a week to once a month, depending on how often and
how much you use your computer.
To use ScanDisk
1. Click on the Start button. Then click on Programs, then Accessories, then
System Tools,
and then ScanDisk.
The ScanDisk window opens.
2. In the ScanDisk window, click on the drive you want to scan.
3. If you only want to check your files and folders for errors, select the
Standard option button. If you want to do a more thorough scan for
errors, select the Thorough option.
Because the Thorough option takes more time than the Standard option,
we recommend you normally use the Standard option and do a Thorough
check at least once a month.
4. If you selected Standard and you want to change the settings ScanDisk
uses when it checks files and folders, click on the Advanced button,
select the options in the ScanDisk Advanced Options window, then
click on the OK button to close the window.
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If you selected Thorough and want to change the settings ScanDisk uses
when it checks the disk’s surface, click on the Options button, select the
options from the Surface Scan Options window, then click on the OK
button to close the window.
5. If you want ScanDisk to automatically fix any errors it finds, select the
Automatically fix errors
option in the ScanDisk window.
6. Click on the Start button in the ScanDisk window.
When the scan is complete, the ScanDisk Results window opens
giving you details of the scanning operation.
7. If you want to scan another drive, click on the Close button to return
to the ScanDisk window, select another drive, then go to Step 6.
8. When you are finished using ScanDisk, click on Close.
Using Check Disk
Windows NT provides the Check Disk utility to maintain the hard drive.
Check disk enables you to check the drive for errors, fix file system errors,
and attempt to recover bad sectors on the drive.
Use Check Disk from once a week to once a month, depending on how
often you use your computer. Also use Check Disk whenever you have any
hard drive problems.
To use Check Disk
1. Right-click Start and then click Explore .
2. In the Windows NT Explorer window, right-click the drive you want to
check. You can only check one drive at a time.
3. Click Properties .
4. Click the Tools tab.
5. Click Check Now in the Error-checking dialog box.
Maintaining and Cleaning Your System
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6. Check Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors to scan the entire hard
drive.
7. Click Start. If the scan finds bad sectors, a screen message notifies
you.
Using Disk Defragmenter
The Disk Defragmenter program that comes with Windows 95 helps
maintain the integrity of your hard drive by rearranging files so that unused
space on your hard drive is not scattered around the drive, but is contained
in one contiguous area on the disk. You may notice, after running Disk
Defragmenter, that your programs run a little faster and more efficiently.
That is because the hard drive head can go directly to the data it needs
instead of skipping around to different places on the disk to find pieces of
data.
We suggest you run Disk Defragmenter at least once a week to once a
month, depending on how much you use your system.
To run Disk Defragmenter
1. Click on the Start button, then follow the popup menus through
Programs,
then Accessories, and then System Tools. Then select Disk
Defragmenter.
A dialog box opens asking you to select a drive to defragment.
2. Select the drive from the pull-down menu, then click OK.
A dialog box opens showing the progress of the defragmentation.
When defragmentation is complete, a dialog box opens and asks you if
you want to quit the Disk Defragmenter program.
3. If you are finished defragmenting the drives in your system, click Yes.
If you have more drives to defragment, click No and return to Step 2.
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Protecting against viruses
A virus is a program written with malicious intent for the sole purpose of
creating havoc in a computer system. It attaches itself to executable files or
boot sectors, so it can replicate and spread. Some viruses may only cause
your system to beep or display messages or images on the screen. Other
viruses are highly destructive and corrupt or erase the contents of your files
or diskettes. To be safe, never assume any virus is harmless.
Viruses spread through direct contact with executable programs or boot
sectors. Diskettes used in a contaminated system can get a virus and
transfer the virus when used in another system. A virus can also spread
through programs downloaded from bulletin boards or the Internet.
To protect your system against viruses
•
•
•
Obtain an anti-virus program and scan the system regularly.
Make backup copies of all files and write-protect the diskettes.
Obtain all software from reputable sources and always scan new
software for any viruses prior to installing files.
If you suspect your system has been infected, find and remove the viruses
immediately using an anti-virus program. Next, turn off your system and
leave it off for at least 15 seconds before turning it back on. This is the only
way to ensure the virus does not remain in your system RAM.
Maintaining and Cleaning Your System
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Cleaning your system
Your system and its components need to be cleaned occasionally. Some
programs that help maintain the integrity of the hard drives in your system
come as part of the Windows 95 and Windows NT operating systems. The
following sections contain information about caring for the various parts of
your system.
Cleaning the mouse
If the mouse pointer on the screen moves erratically when you move the
mouse, dirt is probably on the rollers inside the mouse.
To clean the mouse
1. Shut down the system.
2. Turn your mouse upside down and remove the mouse ball cover.
3. Cup your hand under the mouse, then turn your mouse right-side up.
The gray mouse-ball should drop into your hand. If it doesn’t, gently
shake the mouse until the ball drops out of the socket.
4. Once the mouse ball is free, use adhesive tape to pick up any dust or
lint on its surface and wipe away dirt or lint inside the mouse-ball
socket. You can also blow into the socket to remove dirt and lint. If
foreign matter is trapped inside the socket or on the rollers, use a
cotton swab dipped in isopropyl alcohol to loosen it. Allow surfaces to
dry completely after cleaning.
5. Return the mouse ball to the socket and replace the cover, then restart
the system.
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Cleaning the keyboard
Occasionally you should clean the keyboard to free it of dust and lint
particles trapped under the keys. The easiest way to do this is to blow
trapped dirt from under the keys using an aerosol can of air with a narrow,
straw-like extension.
If you spill liquid on the keyboard, shut down the computer and disconnect
the keyboard. Turn the keyboard upside down to allow the liquid to drain
out overnight before trying to use it again. If it fails to work after draining,
contact Technical Support.
Cleaning the monitor screen
Use a soft cloth and window cleaner to clean the monitor screen. Squirt a
little cleaner on the cloth (never directly on the screen), and wipe the screen
with the cloth.
Cleaning the computer and monitor cases
Always shut down the system and other peripherals before cleaning any
components.
Use a damp, lint-free cloth to clean the computer case, monitor case,
keyboard, speakers, and other parts of your system. Avoid abrasive or
solvent cleaners because they can damage the finish on your components.
Maintaining and Cleaning Your System
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A
Appendix
Acronyms and abbreviations................................. 28
Terms and definitions............................................ 32
Regulatory compliance statements ....................... 35
4078tl.book Page 28 Tuesday, December 22, 1998 2:19 PM
Acronyms and abbreviations
AC - Alternating current
ACPI - Advanced Configuration & Power Interface
APIC - Advanced programmable interrupt controller
ASCII - American standard code for information interchange
ASIC - Application specific integrated circuit
ATAPI - AT advanced peripheral interface
BIOS - Basic input/output system
BIST - Basic integrity self-test
CD - Compact disc
CD-ROM - Compact disc, read-only memory
CHS - Cylinder, head, sector
CMOS - Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
CPU - Central processing unit
DBE - Double bit errors
DIMM - Dual inline memory module
DMA - Direct memory access
DMI - Desktop management interface
DRAM - Dynamic random access memory
ECC - Error correcting code
ECP - Enhanced capabilities port
EDO - Extended data output
EMC - Electro-magnetic compatibility
EMI - Electro-magnetic interference
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EPP - Expanded parallel port
ESD - Electro-static discharge
FAT - File allocation table
GB - Gigabyte
IDE - Integrated drive electronics
I/O - Input/output
IRQ - Interrupt request line
ISA - Industry standard architecture
KB - Kilobyte
LAN - Local area network
LBA - Logical block addressing
LED - Light-emitting diode
LVD - Low voltage differential
MB - Megabyte
MBE - Multiple bit error
Mbps - Megabits per second
MIDI - Musical instrument digital interface
MHz - Megahertz
MS-DOS - Microsoft disk operating system
NMI - Non-maskable interrupt
NTFS - NT file system
NVRAM - Non-volatile random-access memory
OS - Operating system
PCI - Peripheral component interconnect
Appendix
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PIC - Programmable interrupt controller
PIO - Paged input/output
PnP - Plug and play
POST - Power-on self-test
PS/2 - Personal System/2
RAID - Redundant array of inexpensive drives
RAM - Random-access memory
RMA - Return material authorization
ROM - Read-only memory
rpm - Revolutions per minute
RTC - Real-time clock
SBE - Single bit error
SCA - Single connector attachment
SCI - Signal control interrupt
SCSI - Small computer system interface
SDRAM - Synchronous dynamic random access memory
SE - Single-ended
SEC - Single edge contact
SMI - System management interrupt
SMM - Server management module
SMP - Symmetrical multiple processor
SVGA - Super video graphics array
TCP/IP - Transmission control protocol/Internet protocol
UPS - Uninterruptable power supply
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USB - Universal serial bus
V - Volt
VAC - Volts alternating current
VGA - Video graphics array
VRM - Voltage regulator module
W - Watt
Appendix
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Terms and definitions
This list of terms should help you get acquainted with terms used in your
computer’s documentation and in your system software.
Applications - Software installed on your system. Sometimes called
programs.
BIOS - Basic input/output system. The BIOS is software that is
independent of any operating system. It enables the computer to
communicate with the monitor, keyboard, and other peripheral devices
without using programs on the hard disk.
The BIOS on your computer is flash BIOS, which means that is has been
recorded on a memory chip that can be updated if needed.
Boot - To load the first software program (usually the operating system)
that starts your computer. To perform a cold (or hard) boot, you turn the
computer on when it is off. To perform a warm (or soft) boot, you reset the
computer when it is already turned on.
Boot disk - A disk containing operating system programs required to start
your computer. A boot disk can be a diskette, hard drive, or CD.
Byte - The basic unit of measure for computer memory. A character, such
as a letter of the alphabet, uses one byte of memory. Each byte is made up
of eight bits. Computer memory is often measured in kilobytes (1,024
bytes) or megabytes (1,048,576 bytes).
Cache memory - Cache is very fast memory that can be located in the
processor. Cache reduces the average time required for the processor to get
the data it needs from the main memory by storing recently accessed data in
the cache.
CMOS memory - Complementary metal oxide semiconductor memory.
CMOS memory is memory that is retained even when the computer is
turned off. The Setup program settings and other parameters are maintained
in CMOS memory.
Default - The option that the software or system uses when you have not
made a choice yourself.
Disc - A compact disc (CD).
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Disk - The device used by the computer to store and retrieve information.
Disk can refer to a diskette or a hard disk.
Diskette - A removable disk, also called a floppy.
Hard drive - The drive installed inside your computer that stores all your
system and data files. Depending on its configuration, the computer may
have more than one hard drive. Each drive is assigned its own drive letter. If
you have only one drive, its drive letter is C, and it is often called “the C
drive.”
I/O - Input/output. Refers to devices, such as printers, whose purpose is to
enter data into a computer or extract data from a computer. An I/O device is
accessed through an I/O address: a location in memory reserved for the
device to exchange information between itself and the rest of the computer.
IRQ - Interrupt request line. The IRQ is a hardware line that a device uses
to signal the processor when the device needs the processor’s services. The
number of IRQs is limited by industry standards.
Operating system - A program that supervises the computer’s operation,
including handling I/O, networking and connectivity, and device drivers.
Path - A sequence of information that directs the system to the file it needs.
For example, c:\windows\bubbles.bmp is the path to a graphics file on
your system. The c: tells the system it is on the C hard drive, the \windows
tells the system it is in the windows folder, and bubbles.bmp is the file.
Pixel - A pixel is an individual dot in a graphic displayed on your computer.
Pixels are so close together that they look as though they are connected.
POST - Power-on self-test. POST tests your computer’s components
whenever you turn on the computer.
Programs - Software installed on your system. Programs are sometimes
called applications.
RAM - Random access memory. RAM is the computer’s system memory.
You can write to and read from RAM. Information stored in RAM is
temporary and is erased when the computer is turned off.
Appendix
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Refresh rate - The refresh rate is the rate at which the image on the monitor
screen is rewritten to the screen. A fast refresh rate helps keep the image
from flickering.
Resolution - The resolution is the sharpness or clarity of the image on the
monitor screen. Resolution is measured by the number of pixels the screen
can display. For example, a resolution of 800x600 means that the screen can
display 800 pixels in a row and can display 600 rows. The more pixels
displayed, the higher the resolution and the clearer the images.
ROM - Read-only memory. Permanent computer memory dedicated to a
particular function. For example, the instructions for starting the computer
when you first turn on power are contained in ROM. You cannot write to
ROM.
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Regulatory compliance statements
FCC Notice
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause interference to radio and television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits of a Class A
digital device. The accessories associated with this equipment are as follows:
•
•
Shielded video cable
American Users
Caution!
The Federal
Communications
Commission warns users
that changes or
modifications to the unit not
expressly approved by the
party responsible for
compliance could void the
user’s authority to operate
the equipment.
Shielded power cord
These accessories are required to be used in order to ensure compliance with FCC
rules.
Industry Canada Notice
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class A limits for radio noise emissions
from digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of Industry
CanadaLe présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques
dépassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe A prescrites
dans le règlement sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par Industrie Canada.
Canadian Users:
Appendix
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Attention!
Couper le courant avant l’entretien.
CE Notice
European Users:
This Information Technology Equipment has been tested and found to comply with
the following European directives:
[i]EMC Directive 89/336/EEC amending directive 92/31/EEC & 93/68/EEC as per
-EN 50081-1:1992 according to
EN 55022:1995 Class A
EN 61000-3-2:1995 or EN 60555-2:1986
EN 61000-3-3: 1995
-EN50082-1:1992 according to
EN 61000-4-2:1995 or IEC 801-2:1984
ENV 50140:1994 or IEC 801-3:1984
EN 61000-4-4:1988 or IEC 801-4:1998
Japanese Users:
[ii]Low Voltage Directive (Safety) 73/23/EEC as per EN 60950: 1992
VCCI Notice
This is a Class A product based on the standard of the Voluntary Control Council
for Interference by Information Technology Equipment (VCCI). If this equipment
is used in a domestic environment, radio disturbance may arise. When such trouble
occurs, the user may be required to take corrective action.
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Australia/New Zealand Notice
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A
digital device, pursuant to the Australian/New Zealand standard AS/NZS 3548 set
out by the Spectrum Management Agency.
Australian and New
Zealand Users:
Caution!
Disconnect power before servicing.
Appendix
37
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Index
Numerics
3.5-inch
internal drive bay 12
LVD SCA drives 13
5.25-inch devices 13
A
abbreviations 28
about this guide iv
AC power, power supply 3
AC-in connector
connecting 5
power supply 15
activity indicators 12
LVD SCA SCSI 13
power supply modules 15
processor 12
Adaptec 7895 10
Australia/New Zealand Notice 37
B
backplane, RAID 13
BIOS
correctable errors 6
MP version selection 18
year 2000 ready 10
button
ECC clear 12
keyboard lock 12
on/off 12
power 12
reset 12
C
case, cleaning 25
CE Notice 36
chassis fan 16
chassis keylock 16
Check Disk, using 21
Cirrus Logic video chip 10
cleaning
computer case 25
keyboard 25
monitor case 25
monitor screen 25
mouse 24
configuration, verifying 7
connecting
AC power 5
keyboard 4
monitor 4
mouse 4, 17
peripherals 4
serial mouse 17
video 4
controller
diskette drive 10
IDE 10
ultraSCSI 10
conventions used in this guide v
correcting BIOS configuration
errors 6
CPU. See processor
D
definitions of terms 32
DIMM, supported 10
Disk Defragmenter, using 22
disk drive
5.25-inch 13
IDE controller 10
LVD SCA activity indicators 13
LVD SCA, 3.5-inch 13
ultraSCSI controller 10
diskette drive, controller 10
Index
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document conventions v
DRAM, video 10
drive bay, SCSI SCA LVD 13
E
ECC
clear button 12
memory 10
Error Checking and Correcting. See
ECC
errors
messages 6
troubleshooting 7
expansion slots
ISA 10
PCI 10
PCI/ISA 10
PCI/RAIDport 10
shared 10
F
fans, chassis 16
FCC Notice 35
features
front panel 11
rear panel 14
system 10
flash BIOS 10
floppy drive. See diskette drive
format meanings v
front panel
features 11
illustration 11
G
graphics
DRAM 10
memory 10
PCI 10
guidelines for troubleshooting 7
40
Book Title Goes Here
H
hard drive
internal 3.5-inch bay 12
RAID bay 13
SCA LVD SCSI bay 13
hot-swap
power supply modules 10, 15
SCSI drives 10, 13
I
IDE controller, ultra DMA 10
indicators
LVD SCA SCSI drive
activity 13
power supply modules 12, 15
InforManager™ 10
Intel MP specification, selecting 18
ISA, expansion slots 10
K
keyboard
cleaning 25
connecting 4
lock button 12
keylock, chassis 16
L
LED indicators 12
lights, indicator 12
low voltage differential
activity indicators 13
drives 13
SCSI 10
LVD. See low voltage differential
M
manual conventions v
memory
ECC 10
standard 10
supported 10
4078tl.book Page 41 Tuesday, December 22, 1998 2:19 PM
messages, error 6
monitor
cleaning 25
connecting 4
mouse
cleaning 24
connecting 4, 17
serial, connecting 17
MP specification, selecting 18
multiprocessing
supported OSs 18
when not supported 18
N
NeXTStep, versions supported 18
Novell NetWare, versions
supported 18
O
on/off button 12
operating systems
multiprocessing 18
NeXTStep 18
non-multiprocessing 18
Novell NetWare 18
OS/2 18
SCO UNIX 18
small business server 18
Solaris 18
supported 18
UnixWare 18
Windows 95 18
Windows NT 18
OS/2, versions supported 18
P
PCI
expansion slots 10
graphics 10
PCI/ISA, expansion slot 10
PCI/RAIDport, expansion slot 10
peripherals, connecting 4
power supply
AC-in connector 5, 15
characteristics 3
hot-swap modules 10, 15
InforManager 10
module failure indicator 12
status lights 15
voltage selector switch 4, 15
power switch 12
powering up the system 6
power-on self-test 6
processor
activity indicators 12
InforManager 10
operating systems supported 18
supported 10
testing 6
R
RAID, backplane 13
RAM
ECC 10
supported 10
rear panel
features 14
illustration 14
regulatory compliance statements 35
reset button 12
S
safety, closing the bezel doors 6
SCA. See single connector
attachment
ScanDisk, using 20
SCO UNIX, versions supported 18
SCSI
activity indicators 13
controller 10
self-checks on power up 6
Index
41
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shared expansion slots 10
single connector attachment
drives 13
hot-swap drives 10
small business server, versions
supported 18
Solaris, versions supported 18
status lights
front panel 12
power supply modules 15
system 12
support options 6
supported
DIMMs 10
memory 10
RAM 10
switch
ECC clear 12
keyboard lock 12
on/off 12
power 12
reset 12
system
errors 6
features 10
management 10
monitoring 10
power 6
self-checks 6
status lights 12
T
testing, processor 6
textual formatting v
troubleshooting guidelines 7
turning on the power 6
U
ultraSCSI, controller 10
UnixWare, versions supported 18
42
Book Title Goes Here
using
Check Disk 21
Disk Defragmenter 22
ScanDisk 20
V
VCCI Notice 36
verifying your configuration 7
video
chip manufacturer 10
connecting 4
DRAM 10
voltage requirements, power
supply 3
voltage selector switch
location 15
setting 4
W
warning, closing the bezel doors 6
Windows 95, supported versions 18
Windows NT, supported versions 18
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