User guide | Gateway FX542X Personal Computer User Manual

8513162.book Page a Tuesday, May 20, 2008 4:09 PM
REFERENCE GUIDE
®
8513162.book Page b Tuesday, May 20, 2008 4:09 PM
8513162.book Page i Tuesday, May 20, 2008 4:09 PM
Contents
Chapter 1: About This Reference . . . . . . . . . . . 1
About this guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Accessing your online User Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Gateway contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Microsoft Certificate of Authenticity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Chapter 2: Checking Out Your Computer . . . . . 5
Front . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Video card ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Chapter 3: Setting Up and Getting Started . . 13
Working safely and comfortably . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Reducing eye strain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Setting up your computer desk and chair . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Sitting at your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Avoiding discomfort and injury from repetitive strain . . 16
Preparing power connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Protecting from power source problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Connecting to a broadband modem or network . . . . . . . . . . 17
Connecting a dial-up modem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Starting your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Waking up your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Turning off your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Restarting (rebooting) your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Using the keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Premium multimedia keyboard features . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Elite multimedia keyboard features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Using the mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Using optical drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Loading an optical disc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Identifying optical drive types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Playing discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
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Contents
Creating discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the memory card reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory card types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a memory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the audio jacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a printer, scanner, or other device . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
30
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31
33
34
Chapter 4: Advanced Hardware Setup . . . . . . 35
Setting up dual video cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up multiple monitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting up RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RAID 0 for performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RAID 1 for security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RAID 5 and 10 for both performance and security . . . .
Preparing your computer for RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
36
38
39
39
39
40
41
42
43
44
Chapter 5: Upgrading Your Computer. . . . . . . 45
Preventing static electricity discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Opening the case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the side panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the front bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Closing the case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the front bezel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the side panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding or replacing memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding or replacing an optical disc drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the memory card reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adding or replacing a hard drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the front fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the rear fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the heat sink and processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the I/O board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Adding or replacing an expansion card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Replacing the system battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Replacing the system board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Chapter 6: Maintaining Your Computer . . . . . 81
Setting up a maintenance schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Caring for your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Cleaning your computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
Cleaning the exterior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Cleaning the keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Cleaning the monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Cleaning the mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Cleaning optical discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Updating Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Using BigFix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Managing hard drive space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Checking hard drive space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Deleting unnecessary files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Checking the hard drive for errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Defragmenting the hard drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Backing up files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Scheduling maintenance tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Moving from your old computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Transferring files and settings automatically . . . . . . . . . .95
Transferring files and settings manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Chapter 7: Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Safety guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Try these steps first . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .101
Internet and networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
Modem (cable or DSL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103
Modem (dial-up) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106
Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
Printing 108
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Contents
Optical discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory card reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Expansion cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Media Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking for device problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating recovery discs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering pre-installed software and drivers . . . . . . .
Returning to a previous system condition . . . . . . . . . . .
Returning your system to its factory condition . . . . . .
Technical support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Before calling Gateway Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Calling Customer Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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110
110
111
111
113
114
114
115
115
117
118
119
121
122
123
126
126
126
Appendix A: Legal Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
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CHAPTER1
About This Reference
•
•
•
•
•
About this guide
Accessing your online User Guide
Gateway contact information
Microsoft Certificate of Authenticity
For more information
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CHAPTER 1: About This Reference
About this guide
This guide includes information and maintenance instructions
that are specific to your model of Gateway computer. Some
illustrations in this guide may look different than your
computer because hardware options and port locations may
vary. For all other computer information, see your online User
Guide.
For more information
For more information about your computer, visit Gateway’s
Support page at www.gateway.com or the Web address shown
on your computer’s label. The Support page also has links to
additional Gateway documentation and detailed specifications.
Accessing your online User
Guide
In addition to this guide, your User Guide has been included on
your hard drive. Your User Guide is an in-depth, easy-to-read
manual that includes information on the following topics:
• Using and customizing Windows and other software
• Controlling audio and video settings
• Using the Internet
• Protecting your files
• Playing and recording media
• Networking
To access your User Guide:
• Click (Start), All Programs, then click Gateway
Documentation.
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Gateway contact information
See your setup poster for Customer Care contact information.
The label on the top of your computer contains information
that identifies your computer model and serial number.
Customer Care will need this information if you call for
assistance.
Microsoft Certificate of
Authenticity
The Microsoft Certificate of Authenticity label found on the
back or side of your computer includes the product key code
for your operating system. If you ever reinstall Windows from
the installation DVD, you will need to enter these numbers to
activate Windows.
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CHAPTER 1: About This Reference
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CHAPTER2
Checking Out Your
Computer
• Front
• Back
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CHAPTER 2: Checking Out Your Computer
Front
Optical disc drive
Additional drive bay
Memory card reader and
USB port (optional)
Power button/
power indicator
Hard drive indicator
IEEE 1394 ports
USB ports
Headphone jack
Microphone jack
Component
Icon
Description
Optical disc drive
Use this drive to listen to audio CDs, install
games and programs, watch DVDs, and store
large files onto recordable discs (depending on
drive type). This drive may be a CD, recordable
CD, DVD, recordable DVD, or Blu-ray drive. For
more information about your drive, see
“Identifying optical drive types” on page 27.
Additional drive
bay
Install any 5.25-inch device into this bay, such
as an additional optical drive, a removable
hard drive, or a system monitor display.
Memory card
reader (optional)
Insert a memory card from a digital camera,
MP3 player, PDA, cellular telephone, or other
devices into the memory card reader. For more
information, see “Using the memory card
reader” on page 30.
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Component
Icon
Description
Power
button/power
indicator
Press this button to turn the power on or off.
You can also configure the power button to
operate in Standby/Resume mode or
Hibernate mode. The power indicator lights
when the computer is turned on.
Hard drive
indicator
Lights when the hard drive is active.
IEEE 1394 ports
Plug IEEE 1394 (also known as Firewire®)
devices (such as a digital camcorder) into these
6-pin IEEE 1394 ports. For more information,
see “Installing a printer, scanner, or other
device” on page 34.
USB ports
Plug USB (Universal Serial Bus) devices (such as
a USB external drive, printer, scanner, camera,
keyboard, or mouse) into these ports. For more
information, see “Installing a printer, scanner,
or other device” on page 34.
Headphone jack
Plug powered, analog front speakers, an
external amplifier, or headphones into this
jack. This jack is color-coded green.
Microphone jack
Plug a microphone into this jack. This jack is
color-coded pink.
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CHAPTER 2: Checking Out Your Computer
Back
Important
Your computer’s hardware options and port locations may vary from this
illustration.
Cover release lever
Power connector
Case cover thumbscrew
Cable lock slot
Center/Subwoofer jack
S/PDIF (optical audio) jack
Surround left/right jack
Microphone jack
Headphone/Front speaker jack
USB ports
Audio in/side speaker jack
Ethernet (network) jacks
IEEE 1394 port
PS/2 mouse port
PS/2 keyboard port
Video card (number and
type vary)
Expansion slot cover
thumbscrew
Telephone jack (optional)
Component
Modem jack (optional)
Icon
Description
Cover release lever
Lift this lever to open the computer cover.
Case cover
thumbscrew
Remove this screw before opening the case.
Cable lock slot
Attach a cable lock to this slot, then attach
the cable to a solid object like a desk or table
to prevent your computer from being
stolen.
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Component
Icon
Description
Surround left/right
jack (black)
Plug your rear right and left speakers into
this jack. This jack is disabled when an audio
expansion card is installed.
For more information, see “Configuring the
audio jacks” on page 33.
Audio in (Line in) jack
(blue)
-ORSide speaker jack
This jack is user configurable for one of the
following:
■
Stereo in: Plug an external audio input
source (such as a stereo) into this jack so
you can record sound on your computer
(Default).
■
Stereo out: Plug your side left and right
speakers into this jack.
This jack is disabled when an audio
expansion card is installed. For more
information, see “Configuring the audio
jacks” on page 33.
Ethernet (network)
jack
Plug an Ethernet network cable or a device
(such as a DSL or cable modem for a
broadband Internet connection) into this
jack. For more information, see “Learning
about the Internet” in your online User
Guide and “Connecting to a broadband
modem or network” on page 17.
PS/2 mouse port
Plug a PS/2 mouse into this port.
Expansion slot cover
thumbscrew
Remove this screw and open the expansion
slot cover to unlock the expansion cards.
Telephone jack
(optional)
Plug the cord from your telephone into this
jack.
Power connector
Plug the power cord into this connector.
Center/subwoofer
jack (orange)
Plug your center speaker and subwoofer
into this jack. This jack is disabled when an
audio expansion card is installed.
For more information, see “Configuring the
audio jacks” on page 33.
S/PDIF output jack
(optional)
Plug an optical cable from an amplifier or
entertainment system into this jack for
digital sound.
Microphone jack
(pink)
Plug a microphone into this jack. This jack is
disabled when an audio expansion card is
installed.
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CHAPTER 2: Checking Out Your Computer
Component
Icon
Description
Headphone/analog
speakers jack (green)
-ORFront speakers jack
This jack is user configurable for one of the
following:
■
Headphone: Plug headphones or
amplified speakers into this jack
(Default).
■
Stereo out: Plug your front left and right
speakers into this jack.
This jack is disabled when an audio
expansion card is installed. For more
information, see “Configuring the audio
jacks” on page 33.
USB ports
Plug USB (Universal Serial Bus) devices (such
as a USB printer, scanner, camera, keyboard,
or mouse) into these ports. For more
information, see “Installing a printer,
scanner, or other device” on page 34.
IEEE 1394 port
Plug IEEE 1394 (also known as Firewire®)
devices (such as a digital camcorder) into
this 6-pin IEEE 1394 port. For more
information, see “Installing a printer,
scanner, or other device” on page 34.
PS/2 keyboard port
Plug a PS/2 keyboard into this port.
Video card
Plug a monitor into a port on this card. If the
card is a high-performance video card, the
expansion slot opening above the card may
be occupied by the card’s ventilation fan.
Modem jack
(optional)
Plug a modem cable into this jack. For more
information, see “Connecting a dial-up
modem” on page 17.
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Video card ports
S-Video out jack
DVI ports
If your computer came with high-end video cards installed
(number and type may vary), you can connect multiple
monitors for a multi-screen panel array, or you can enable the
SLI connection between the two cards so that both cards work
as a single card, delivering ultra-high frame rates for your
single gaming monitor. For more information on configuring
your cards, see “Setting up dual video cards” on page 36.
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CHAPTER 2: Checking Out Your Computer
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CHAPTER3
Setting Up and Getting
Started
• Working safely and comfortably
• Preparing power connections
• Connecting to a broadband modem or
network
• Connecting a dial-up modem
• Starting your computer
• Turning off your computer
• Restarting (rebooting) your computer
• Using the keyboard
• Using the mouse
• Using optical drives
• Using the memory card reader
• Adjusting the volume
• Configuring the audio jacks
• Installing a printer, scanner, or other device
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Working safely and
comfortably
Before using your computer, follow these general guidelines
for setting up a safe and comfortable work area and avoiding
discomfort and strain:
• Keep hands and arms parallel to the floor.
• Adjust the monitor so the screen is perpendicular to your
line of sight, and the top of the screen is no higher than
eye level.
• Place your feet flat on the floor or on a footrest.
• Keep ventilation openings clear of obstructions.
Top of screen is not
higher than eye level
Screen is perpendicular to
your line of sight
Hands and arms are
parallel to the floor
Feet are flat on the floor
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Reducing eye strain
Sunlight or bright indoor lighting should not reflect on the
screen or shine directly into your eyes.
• Position the computer desk and monitor so you can
avoid glare on your screen and light shining directly into
your eyes. Reduce glare by installing shades or curtains
on windows and by installing a glare screen filter.
• Use soft, indirect lighting in your work area. Do not use
your computer in a dark room.
• Set paper holders at the same height and distance as the
monitor.
• Avoid focusing your eyes on your computer screen for
long periods of time. Every 10 or 15 minutes, look around
the room, and try to focus on distant objects.
Setting up your computer desk and chair
When you are setting up your computer desk and chair, make
sure that the desk is the appropriate height and the chair helps
you maintain good posture.
• Select a flat surface for your computer desk.
• Adjust the height of the computer desk so your hands
and arms are positioned parallel to the floor when you
use the keyboard and touchpad. If the desk is not
adjustable or is too tall, consider using an adjustable
chair to control your arm’s height above the keyboard.
• Use an adjustable chair that is comfortable, distributes
your weight evenly, and keeps your body relaxed.
• Position your chair so the keyboard is at or slightly below
the level of your elbow. This position lets your shoulders
relax while you type.
• Adjust the chair height, adjust the forward tilt of the seat,
or use a footrest to distribute your weight evenly on the
chair and relieve pressure on the back of your thighs.
• Adjust the back of the chair so it supports the lower
curve of your spine. You can use a pillow or cushion to
provide extra back support.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Sitting at your computer
• Avoid bending, arching, or angling your wrists. Make
sure that they are in a relaxed position when you type.
• Do not slouch forward or lean far back. Sit with your back
•
•
straight so your knees, hips, and elbows form right
angles when you work.
Take breaks to stand and stretch your legs.
Avoid twisting your torso or neck.
Avoiding discomfort and injury from repetitive
strain
• Vary your activities to avoid excessive repetition.
• Take breaks to change your position, stretch your
muscles, and relieve your eyes.
• Find ways to break up the work day, and schedule a
variety of tasks.
Preparing power connections
Protecting from power source problems
Warning
High voltages can enter your computer through both the power cord and
the modem connection. Protect your computer by using a surge protector. If you
have a telephone modem, use a surge protector that has a modem jack. If you
have a cable modem, use a surge protector that has an antenna/cable TV jack.
During an electrical storm, unplug both the surge protector and the modem.
During a power surge, the voltage level of electricity coming
into your computer can increase to far above normal levels and
cause data loss or system damage. Protect your computer and
peripheral devices by connecting them to a surge protector,
which absorbs voltage surges and prevents them from
reaching your computer.
An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) supplies battery power
to your computer during a power failure. Although you cannot
run your computer for an extended period of time with a UPS,
a UPS lets you run your computer long enough to save your
work and shut down your computer normally.
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Connecting to a broadband
modem or network
Important
Your computer has a built-in Ethernet (network) jack. For information
about setting up a wired or wireless Ethernet network, see your online User
Guide.
You can connect your computer to a broadband (cable or DSL)
modem or to a wired Ethernet network.
To connect to a broadband modem or to an Ethernet
network:
1 Insert one end of the network cable into the network
jack
on the back of your computer.
2 Insert the other end of the network cable into a cable
modem, DSL modem, or network jack.
Connecting a dial-up modem
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger
telecommunications line cord.
Your computer may have a 56K modem that you can use with
a standard telephone line to connect to the Internet or to fax
documents.
To connect the modem:
1 Insert one end of the modem cable into the modem
jack
on the modem at the back of your computer.
2 Insert the other end of the modem cable into a telephone
wall jack. (The modem will not work with digital or PBX
telephone lines.)
3 If you want, connect a telephone to the PHONE jack on
the modem at the back of your computer.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Starting your computer
To start your computer:
1 Connect the power, network, mouse, and keyboard
cables to your computer according to the setup poster.
2 Press the power button on the front of your computer.
If your computer does not turn on, check the power
cable connections.
Important
Your computer has a built-in, variable-speed fan. In addition, your
computer uses a powerful processor which produces heat and has its
own cooling fan. Both the system fan and processor fan can run at
different speeds at times to ensure correct system cooling. You may
notice an increase in the fan noise when the fan is running at high speed
and a decrease in the fan noise when it switches to normal speed.
3 If you are starting your computer for the first time,
follow the on-screen instructions to select the language
and time zone and to create your first user account.
4 Attach and turn on any USB or audio peripheral devices,
such as printers, scanners, and speakers. See the
documentation that came with each device for its setup
instructions.
5 To open your computer’s Start menu, click
(Start).
From that menu, you can run programs and search for
files. For more information on using your computer’s
menus, see “Using Windows” and “Customizing
Windows” in your online User Guide.
Waking up your computer
Tip
For more information about changing the power button mode, see the
“Customizing” chapter in your online User Guide.
When you have not used your computer for several minutes,
it may enter a power-saving mode called Sleep. While in Sleep
mode, the power indicator on the power button flashes.
If your computer is in Sleep mode, move the mouse, press a
key on the keyboard, or press the power button to “wake” it
up. If the computer remains in Sleep mode, press the power
button.
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Turning off your computer
Warning
When you turn off your computer, certain components in the power
supply and system board remain energized. In order to remove all electrical
power from your computer, unplug the power cord and modem cable from the
wall outlets. We recommend disconnecting the power cord and modem cable
when your computer will not be used for long periods.
Important
If for some reason you cannot use the Shut Down option in Windows to
turn off your computer, press and hold the power button for about five seconds,
then release it.
Putting your computer into Sleep mode is the easiest way to
power down your computer. Although it does not turn your
computer completely off, it does turn off or slow down most
system operations to save power, and saves your desktop
layout so the next time you restore power, the programs are
laid out just as you left them. Waking your computer from a
Sleep state is much faster than turning on your computer after
it has been turned completely off.
To put your computer to sleep:
1 Click (Start), then click
(power). The computer
saves your session and partially shuts down to save
power.
2 To “wake” your computer, press a key on the keyboard
or press the power button. If the computer remains in
Sleep mode, press the power button.
To turn off your computer:
(Start), click the arrow next to the lock icon, then
click Shut Down. The computer turns off.
1 Click
2 To completely disconnect all power (such as for servicing
internal components), also disconnect the power cord.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Restarting (rebooting) your
computer
If your computer does not respond to keyboard or mouse
input, you may need to restart (reboot) your computer.
To restart your computer:
(Start), click the arrow next to the lock icon, then
click Restart. Your computer turns off, then turns on
again.
1 Click
2 If your computer does not turn off, press and hold the
power button until the computer turns off (about five
seconds), then press it again to turn the computer back
on.
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Using the keyboard
Premium multimedia keyboard features
The keyboard has several different types of keys and buttons.
Your keyboard also has status indicators that show which
keyboard feature is active.
Function keys
Editing buttons
Indicators
Internet buttons
Windows keys
Feature
Icon
Audio playback buttons Navigation keys
Application key Directional keys
Internet buttons
Numeric keypad
Description
Editing buttons
Press these buttons to copy, cut, and paste.
Function keys
Press these keys to start program actions. Each
program uses different function keys for different
purposes. See the program documentation to
find out more about the function key actions.
Internet buttons
Press these buttons to launch your Internet home
page, search for files, or launch your e-mail
program.
Audio playback
buttons
Press these buttons to play your audio files and
to adjust the volume.
Navigation keys
Press these keys to move the cursor to the
beginning of a line, to the end of a line, up the
page, down the page, to the beginning of a
document, or to the end of a document.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Feature
Icon
Description
Indicators
Show if your NUM LOCK, CAPS LOCK, or
SCROLL LOCK keys are activated. Press the
corresponding key to activate the function.
Windows keys
Press one of these keys to open the Windows
Start menu. These keys can also be used in
combination with other keys to open utilities like
F (Find/Search), R (Run), and E (Computer).
Application key
Press this key to access shortcut menus and help
assistants in Windows.
Directional keys
Press these keys to move the cursor up, down,
right, or left.
Numeric keypad
Press these keys to type numbers when the
numeric keypad (NUM LOCK) is turned on.
Elite multimedia keyboard features
The keyboard has several different types of keys and buttons.
Your keyboard also has status indicators that show which
keyboard feature is active.
Sleep button Function keys
Windows keys
22
Application buttons
Application key
Audio playback
Indicators
buttons
Navigation keys
Numeric keypad
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Feature
Icon
Description
Sleep button
Press this button to activate your computer’s
Sleep (power-saving) mode.
Function keys
Press these keys to start program actions. Each
program uses different function keys for
different purposes. See the program
documentation to find out more about the
function key actions.
Application buttons
Press these buttons to launch your Internet
home page, search for files, or launch the
calculator program.
Audio playback
buttons
Press these buttons to play your audio files and
to adjust the volume.
Indicators
Show if your NUM LOCK, CAPS LOCK, or
SCROLL LOCK keys are activated. Press the
corresponding key to activate the function.
Windows keys
Press one of these keys to open the Windows
Start menu. These keys can also be used in
combination with other keys to open utilities
like F (Find/Search), R (Run), and E (Computer).
Application key
Press this key to access shortcut menus and
help assistants in Windows.
Editing buttons
Press these buttons to copy, cut, and paste.
Navigation keys
Press these keys to move the cursor to the
beginning of a line, to the end of a line, up the
page, down the page, to the beginning of a
document, or to the end of a document. Press
the arrow keys to move the cursor.
Numeric keypad
Press these keys to type numbers when the
numeric keypad (NUM LOCK) is turned on.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Using the mouse
Scroll wheel
Right button
Left button
The mouse is a device that controls the pointer movement on
the screen. This illustration shows the standard mouse.
As you move the mouse, the pointer (arrow) on the screen
moves in the same direction.
You can use the left and right buttons on the mouse to select
objects on the screen.
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You can use the scroll wheel on the mouse to move through a
document. This feature is not available in all programs.
To...
Do this...
Move the pointer
on the screen
Move the mouse around. If you
reach the edge of your mouse
pad and need to move the
mouse farther, lift the mouse
and place it in the middle of the
mouse pad, then continue
moving the mouse.
Select an object
on the screen
Position the pointer over the
object. Quickly press and
release the left mouse button.
This is called clicking.
Start a program
or open a file or
folder
Position the pointer over the
object. Quickly press and
release the left mouse button
twice. This is called
double-clicking.
Access a
shortcut menu
or find more
information
about an object
on the screen.
Position the pointer over the
object. Quickly press and
release the right mouse button
once. This is called
right-clicking.
Move an object
on the screen.
Position the pointer over the
object. Press the left mouse
button and hold it down. Move
(drag) the object to the
appropriate part of the screen.
Release the button to drop the
object where you want it. This is
called clicking and dragging.
For more information about how to adjust the double-click
speed, pointer speed, right-hand or left-hand configuration,
and other mouse settings, see the “Customizing” chapter in
your online User Guide. For instructions on how to clean the
mouse, see “Cleaning the mouse” on page 85.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Using optical drives
Features
Your optical drive has the following basic components:
Activity indicator
(location varies)
Manual eject hole
(location varies)
Eject button
Loading an optical disc
To insert an optical disc:
1 Press the eject button on the optical disc drive.
Important
When you place a single-sided disc in the tray, make sure that the
label side is facing up. If the disc has two playable sides, place the disc
so the name of the side you want to play is facing up.
2 Place the disc in the tray with the label facing up.
3 Press the eject button to close the tray.
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Identifying optical drive types
Your computer may contain one of the following drive types.
Look on the front of the drive for one or more of the following
logos:
If your optical drive has
this logo...
Your drive type
is...
Use your drive for...
CD
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, and accessing data.
CD-RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, accessing data, and
creating CDs.
DVD/CD-RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, accessing data,
creating CDs, and playing DVDs.
DVD
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs, and
accessing data.
DVD+RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs,
accessing data, and recording
video and data to CDs and
DVD+R or DVD+RW discs.
DVD R/RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs,
accessing data, and recording
video and data to CDs and
DVD+R, DVD+RW, DVD-R, and
DVD-RW discs.
Double layer
DVD+RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs,
accessing data, and recording
video and data to CDs and
double layer DVD+R discs.
Note: To use the double layer
capability of the double layer
recordable DVD drive, the blank
DVDs you purchase must state
Double Layer, Dual Layer, or DL.
Using other types of blank
media will result in less
capacity.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
If your optical drive has
this logo...
Your drive type
is...
Use your drive for...
DVD-RAM/-RW
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs,
accessing data, and recording
video and data to CDs and
DVD-RAM, DVD-R, or DVD-RW
discs.
Blu-ray Disc
Installing programs, playing
audio CDs, playing DVDs,
playing Blu-ray Discs, accessing
data, and recording video and
data to CDs, DVD-RAM, DVD-R,
DVD-RW, and Blu-ray discs.
RECORDER
Playing discs
Playing a CD
Important
Some music CDs have copy protection software. You may not be able to
play these CDs on your computer.
A standard compact disc (CD) can hold an entire album of
digital songs and can be played on a CD player or your
computer’s CD drive.
Use a music program or Windows Media Player on your
computer to:
• Play music CDs
• Create MP3 music files from your music CDs
• Edit music track information
• Use your music files to build a music library
For more information about playing CDs, see your online User
Guide.
Playing a DVD
A Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) is similar to a standard CD but has
greater data capacity. Because of this increased capacity,
full-length movies, several albums of music, or several
gigabytes of data can fit on a single disc. DVDs can be played
on a DVD player or a DVD drive-equipped computer. For more
information about playing DVDs, see your online User Guide.
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Playing a Blu-ray Disc
Blu-ray Disc is a high-capacity optical disc that can store much
more data than a DVD. A dual-layer Blu-ray Disc can hold 50 GB
of files, about 23 hours of standard-definition video, or about
nine hours of high-definition video. Blu-ray Discs can be played
on a Blu-ray-compatible player or a Blu-ray drive-equipped
computer. For more information about playing Blu-ray Discs,
see your online User Guide.
Creating discs
Recording to optical discs
You can use the disc burning program on your computer to
copy tracks from a music CD to your hard drive, copy or create
data discs, create music CDs, create video DVDs, and more. For
more information about creating CDs and DVDs, see your
online User Guide.
Creating audio and video files
You can create audio and music files, either from scratch or
from music CDs. You can also create video files from home
video. For more information, see your online User Guide.
Copying optical discs
You can copy optical discs to make backups of your data. For
more information, see your online User Guide.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Using the memory card reader
You can use the optional memory card reader to transfer
pictures from a digital camera to your computer. You can also
use the memory card reader to transfer data between your
computer and a device that uses memory cards, such as a PDA,
MP3 player, or cellular telephone. (Your computer’s memory
card reader may look different.)
Memory card reader slots
Activity indicator
Memory card types
The memory card reader supports several memory card types.
To determine which types are supported by your card reader
and the slots to use for each type of card, examine the face
plate of the reader. Each slot is assigned a different drive letter
(for example, the E: and F: drives) so data can be transferred
from one memory card type to another.
Using a memory card
Caution
Before inserting a memory card into a slot, make sure that the slot is
empty, or you could damage the card reader.
To insert a memory card:
1 Insert the memory card into the appropriate memory
card slot.
2 To access a file on the memory card, click
(Start),
then click Computer. Double-click the drive letter (for
example, the E: drive), then double-click the file name.
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To remove a memory card:
• Wait for the memory card reader access indicator to stop
blinking, then pull the memory card out of the slot.
Caution
Do not remove the memory card or turn off the computer while
the memory card reader access indicator is blinking. You could lose data.
Also, remove the memory card from the reader before you turn off the
computer.
Important
Do not use the remove hardware icon in the taskbar to remove
the memory card, or you will have to restart the computer to re-enable
the memory card reader.
Adjusting the volume
You can adjust volume using your speakers’ controls or the
Windows volume controls. You can also adjust the volume of
specific sound devices in your computer.
To adjust the overall volume using hardware controls:
• If you are using external speakers, turn the knob on the
front of the speakers.
-ORUse the mute and volume control buttons on the
keyboard. For more information, see “Using the
keyboard” on page 21.
To adjust the volume from Windows:
(Volume) on the taskbar. The volume control
slider opens.
1 Click
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
2 Click and drag the slider up to increase volume and down
to decrease volume.
3 To mute the volume, click
(Mute). To restore volume,
click it again.
4 To adjust device volume levels, click Mixer. The Volume
Mixer dialog box opens, where you can click and drag
sliders for individual devices.
Tip
Adjust the Windows Sounds slider to change system sounds
volume independently of general volume (such as the volume used for
music and game sounds).
5 Click × in the top-right corner of the window to close it.
Help
For more information about adjusting the volume, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type adjusting volume in the Search Help
box, then press ENTER.
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Configuring the audio jacks
If the back of your computer has five audio jacks, they are
universal jacks. This means that they can be used for more than
one purpose. For example, the blue jack on the computer can
be a stereo in jack or a stereo out jack. To use the audio jacks
for something other than the default audio device, you need
to configure the audio jacks. For a description of the default
audio jack setup, see “Back” on page 8.
Important
If an audio expansion card is installed in your computer, then the
computer’s built-in audio jacks are disabled.
To configure the audio jacks:
Shortcut
Start Ö Control Panel Ö Hardware and Sound Ö Advanced
1 Connect your audio device(s) to the computer audio
jack(s).
2 Click
(Start), then click Control Panel. The Control
Panel window opens.
3 Click Hardware and Sound, Sound, the Playback tab,
then click Configure.
-ORIf your computer has the Realtek Sound Effect Manager
installed, double-click the Sound Effect Manager
icon
on the taskbar. The Realtek dialog box opens.
4 Follow the on-screen instructions to configure the audio
jacks for your speaker setup.
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CHAPTER 3: Setting Up and Getting Started
Installing a printer, scanner, or
other device
Important
Before you install a printer, scanner, or other peripheral device, see the
device documentation and installation instructions.
Your computer has IEEE 1394 (also known as Firewire®) ports
and Universal Serial Bus (USB) ports. You use these ports to
connect peripheral devices such as printers, scanners, and
digital cameras to your computer. For more information about
port locations, see “Checking Out Your Computer” on page 5.
IEEE 1394 and USB ports support plug-and-play and
hot-swapping, which means that your computer will usually
recognize such a device whenever you plug it into the
appropriate port. When you use an IEEE 1394 or USB device for
the first time, your computer will prompt you to install any
software the device needs. After doing this, you can disconnect
and reconnect the device at any time.
Help
For more information about installing peripheral devices, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type installing devices in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
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CHAPTER4
Advanced Hardware Setup
• Setting up dual video cards
• Setting up multiple monitors
• Setting up RAID
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CHAPTER 4: Advanced Hardware Setup
Setting up dual video cards
If your computer has two high-end graphics cards installed,
you can enable the SLI connection between two cards so that
both cards work as a single card, delivering ultra-high frame
rates for a single gaming monitor.
To set up the single-monitor SLI connection:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Opening the case” on page 47.
2 Verify that you have multiple SLI video cards installed in
your computer and that the SLI bridge cable is
connecting the two. If you ordered the computer with
two graphics cards, the bridge cable is already installed.
SLI bridge cable
3 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Closing the case” on page 50.
4 Connect your monitor to the upper right DVI port.
DVI port for single monitor
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5 Right-click on the Windows desktop, then click NVIDIA
Control Panel. The NVIDIA Control Panel View Selection
dialog box opens (this dialog box opens only the first
time that you open the NVIDIA Control Panel).
6 Click Advanced Settings, then click OK. The NVIDIA
Control Panel opens.
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7 In the Select a Task list on the left side of the control
panel, under 3D Settings, click Set SLI configuration.
The Set SLI Configuration screen opens.
8 Click Enable SLI technology (recommended), then
click Apply. If the Applications Shutdown Required
message box opens, click Yes.
A message appears on the screen notifying you that SLI
is enabled.
Setting up multiple monitors
If your computer came with a high-end graphics card installed
(number and type may vary), you can connect multiple
monitors for a multi-screen panel array. To set up multiple
monitors, see the “Customizing Windows” chapter in your
online User Guide.
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Setting up RAID
About RAID
RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive/ Independent Disks) lets
your computer use multiple hard drives more efficiently. Your
computer supports RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, and RAID 10.
RAID 0 for performance
RAID 0 lets your computer see multiple hard drives as a single
drive. This type of RAID can increase file access speeds, which
is important if you work with video editing, sound editing, and
high-performance games. RAID 0 is also an affordable way to
increase your total file storage capacity.
How it increases performance
The more drives you have in your RAID 0 array, the faster the
potential drive reading performance. All hard drives have
limitations on how fast they can read and write files. If half a
file is stored on one RAID 0 drive and the other half on another
RAID 0 drive, each drive only has to read half of the file. So, the
entire file is accessed by the computer up to twice as fast (using
a two-drive RAID 0 array). In a three-drive RAID 0 array, if the
file is evenly distributed among the drives, each drive must
read only a third of the file, and so on. If the entire file happens
to be stored on only one of the drives, the file is accessed at
the same speed as if it were on a standard hard drive setup.
Dividing up files between multiple hard drives is called striping.
In the following graphic, each letter represents a unique block
of data, and each column represents a separate hard drive.
RAID 0
A
C
E
B
D
F
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CHAPTER 4: Advanced Hardware Setup
How it makes file storage cheaper
Because RAID 0 lets your computer see multiple hard drives as
a single drive, you can install several lower capacity (less
expensive) drives and have the same single-drive storage
simplicity and capacity as a larger, more expensive hard drive.
Drawbacks
Unfortunately, RAID 0 lets multiple drives behave as one in
another way. If part of the array fails (such as a hard drive
crashing), the entire array fails. Because the drives are treated
like a single drive, parts of files (including operating system
files) can be spread across several drives, leaving the computer
with only file fragments if one drive fails. Regular and frequent
backups are critical.
Another drawback is that RAID 0 treats each hard drive as if it
has the storage capacity of the smallest drive in the array. So
if you have three drives (300 GB, 250 GB, and 200 GB) in a
RAID 0 array, your computer only recognizes 600 GB total
capacity.
RAID 1 for security
RAID 1 maintains a complete copy of all files on each physical
hard drive in the array. Maintaining simultaneous, complete
copies of files across multiple hard drives is called mirroring.
If a drive fails, the mirrored drive takes over and acts as the
primary drive.
In the following graphic, each letter represents a unique block
of data, and each column represents a separate hard drive.
RAID 1
A
B
C
A
B
C
File reading performance (seek time) is increased using the
same methods that RAID 0 uses, although writing speed is the
same as if writing to a single hard drive.
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Drawback
RAID 1 treats the entire array as a single drive with the storage
capacity of the smallest physical drive in the array. So if you
have two drives (300 GB and 250 GB) in a RAID 1 array, your
computer only recognizes a single drive with 250 GB total
capacity.
RAID 5 and 10 for both performance and
security
Understanding RAID 5
RAID 5 uses striping (at the file level) with on-the-fly error
correction across all drives. Because of this error correction,
small file read/write errors can be quickly and automatically
fixed without a significant drop in system performance. RAID 5
offers good performance and data redundancy. This array
preserves your files if a drive fails.
RAID 5 stripes both data and parity information (error-checking
information) across multiple drives. Striping across drives
improves overall performance, and the parity information
provides data protection. Because of the error-correction
capabilities, if a drive fails, the data can be quickly and
automatically fixed.
In the following graphic, each letter represents a unique block
of data, and the number next to each letter represents which
copy of the data files are stored on that drive. The “P” next to
a letter represents parity (error-checking) information, and
each column represents a separate hard drive.
RAID 5
A1
B1
CP
A2
BP
C1
AP
B2
C2
Understanding RAID 10
RAID 10 (also called RAID 1+0 or RAID 1&0) contains sets of
RAID 1 mirrors acting as drives within a RAID 0 striping array.
With this setup, the array could survive one drive failure in each
mirrored array.
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In the following graphic, each letter represents a unique block
of data, and each column represents a separate hard drive.
RAID 0
RAID 1
RAID 1
A
C
E
A
C
E
B
D
F
B
D
F
Drawback
A RAID 5 array is treated as one drive with the capacity of all
but one of the drives added together.
RAID 10 treats the entire array as a single drive with twice the
storage capacity of the smallest drive. So if you have four drives
(350 GB, 300 GB, 250 GB, and 200 GB) in a RAID 10 array, your
computer recognizes a single drive with 400 GB total capacity.
Preparing your computer for RAID
Setting up RAID on your computer can involve two major steps,
depending on how your computer has been configured.
Important
If your computer came from the factory with RAID already set up, your
computer is ready to use, and you do not need to perform any of these steps.
To prepare your computer for RAID:
1 Configure the RAID arrays. See the Array Manager User
Guide or “Configuring RAID” on page 43.
2 Install the operating system from the Windows disc that
came with your computer.
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Configuring RAID
Creating a RAID volume
Because RAID can be configured so many ways, this procedure
covers only the basics. This procedure assumes that no RAID
has been defined yet.
To create a RAID volume:
1 Install additional hard drives as needed for your RAID
plan. For instructions on installing hard drives, see
“Adding or replacing a hard drive” on page 57.
2 Start (or restart) your computer, then press F9 during
startup. The MediaShield Utility (RAID setup) screen
opens.
3 To create a new array, set RAID Mode to Striping (for
RAID 0), then select drives on the left and click Add to
add the drives to the array.
4 Press F7, then press Y. The new array is created.
5 Press CTRL+X to exit the utility. Your computer restarts.
6 Install the operating system from the Windows disc that
came with your computer.
Deleting a RAID volume
Deleting a RAID volume deletes all files on that volume,
including operating system files. Before deleting a RAID
volume, make sure that all important files have been
backed up.
To delete a RAID volume:
1 Start (or restart) your computer, then press F9 during
startup. The MediaShield Utility (RAID setup) screen
opens.
2 Press the arrow keys to highlight the RAID volume you
want to delete, then press ENTER. The Array Detail screen
opens.
Caution
If your computer has the operating system installed on a RAID,
deleting the RAID will remove the operating system, and you will not be
able to start your computer into Windows.
3 Press D to delete the array. In this screen, you can also
press C to clear (delete all data from) the array.
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CHAPTER 4: Advanced Hardware Setup
Getting help
For more information on RAID concepts, configuration, and
maintenance, search for RAID FAQ information on the Gateway
Technical Support Web site (www.gateway.com) or use an
Internet search engine to search for:
• RAID
• configuring RAID
• RAID tutorials
• RAID levels
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CHAPTER5
Upgrading Your Computer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Preventing static electricity discharge
Opening the case
Closing the case
Adding or replacing memory
Adding or replacing an optical disc drive
Replacing the memory card reader
Adding or replacing a hard drive
Replacing the front fan
Replacing the rear fan
Replacing the power supply
Replacing the heat sink and processor
Replacing the I/O board
Adding or replacing an expansion card
Replacing the system battery
Replacing the system board
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Preventing static electricity
discharge
Warning
To avoid exposure to dangerous electrical voltages and moving parts, turn
off your computer and unplug the power cord and modem and network cables
before opening the case.
To prevent risk of electric shock, do not insert any object into the vent holes of
the power supply.
The components inside your computer are extremely sensitive
to static electricity, also known as electrostatic discharge (ESD).
Before opening the computer case, follow these guidelines:
• Wear a grounding wrist strap (available at most
electronics stores) and attach it to a bare metal part of
your computer.
• Turn off your computer.
• Touch a bare metal surface on the back of the computer.
• Unplug the power cord and the modem and network
cables.
Caution
ESD can permanently damage electrostatic discharge-sensitive
components in your computer. Prevent ESD damage by following ESD guidelines
every time you open the computer case.
Before working with computer components, follow these
guidelines:
• Avoid static-causing surfaces such as carpeted floors,
plastic, and packing foam.
• Remove components from their antistatic bags only
when you are ready to use them. Do not lay components
on the outside of antistatic bags because only the inside
of the bags provide electrostatic protection.
• Always hold expansion cards by their edges or their
metal mounting brackets. Avoid touching the edge
connectors and components on the cards. Never slide
expansion cards or components over any surface.
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Opening the case
Your computer case provides easy access to internal
components.
Removing the side panel
Warning
To avoid exposure to dangerous electrical voltages and moving parts, turn
off your computer, then unplug the power cord and modem cable before opening
the case.
To remove the side panel:
1 Follow the instructions in “Preventing static electricity
discharge” on page 46.
2 Shut down your computer, then disconnect the power
cord and modem, network, and all peripheral device
cables.
3 Press the power button for ten seconds to drain any
residual power from your computer.
4 Remove the security tape (if any) on the rear edge of the
side panel.
5 Remove the case cover thumbscrew on the side panel.
Thumbscrew
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6 Lift the cover release lever, then swing the side panel
away from the computer.
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Removing the front bezel
To remove the front bezel:
• Push on the three spring tabs, grasp the right side of the
front bezel, then pull the bezel out and away from the
case.
Spring tabs
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Closing the case
Replacing the front bezel
To replace the front bezel:
1 Insert the tabs on the left side of the bezel into the slots
in the left side of the computer.
Tabs and slots
2 Swing the right side of the bezel in so the tabs on the
right side of the bezel go into the slots on the right side
of the computer.
3 Press the right side of the bezel firmly until it snaps into
place.
Replacing the side panel
To replace the side panel:
1 Make sure that all of the internal cables are arranged
inside the computer so they will not be pinched when
you close the computer.
Important
Your computer hardware options and port locations may vary
from this illustration.
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2 Insert the bottom edge of the side panel into the inside
bottom edge of the computer, then swing the side panel
in toward the top of the computer to secure it into place.
3 Replace the side panel thumbscrew.
4 Reconnect the cables and power cord.
Adding or replacing memory
When you upgrade the computer memory, make sure that you
install the correct type of memory module for your computer.
Your computer uses DIMM memory.
To install or replace DIMM memory:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 For more stability, place your computer on its side. To
avoid scratching the case, place it on a towel or other
non-abrasive surface.
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3 Find the memory module banks on your system board.
DIMM 3
DIMM 1
DIMM 2
DIMM 0
4 If you are removing a DIMM from the memory module
bank, gently pull the plastic tabs away from the sides of
the memory module and remove it.
- OR If you are adding a DIMM to an empty memory module
bank, gently pull the plastic tabs away from the sides of
the memory module bank.
5 Align the notches on the new DIMM with the notches on
the memory module bank, then press the module firmly
into the bank. The tabs on the sides of the memory
module should snap into place to secure the memory
module.
Caution
Make sure that you install modules of the same type into both slots
of a memory channel (bank).
6 Return your computer to its upright position.
7 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
8 Reconnect the cables and the power cord.
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9 Turn on your computer. Windows starts and the
Windows desktop appears.
10 Click
(Start), right-click Computer, then click
Properties. The amount of memory in your computer
is displayed.
Adding or replacing an optical
disc drive
To add or replace an optical disc drive:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Remove the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Removing the front bezel” on page 49.
Important
The color and shape of your replacement drive's front cover may
vary from your original drive.
3 If you are installing a new drive, slide the drive release
latch toward the back of the computer, then go to Step 7.
- OR If you are replacing an existing drive, disconnect the
cables from the drive, noting their locations and
orientation. You will reconnect the cables after you
install the new drive.
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4 Remove the drive thumbscrew from the optical drive.
Drive thumbscrew
5 Slide the drive release latch toward the back of the
computer to release the drive.
6 Slide the drive forward and out of the drive bay.
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7 If you are replacing a drive, note any jumper settings on
the old drive and set the jumpers on the new drive to
be the same. If you are installing a new drive, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions.
8 Slide the new drive into the drive bay, line up the
thumbscrew hole on the drive bay with the screw hole
on the drive, then slide the drive release latch toward the
front of the computer to lock the drive into place. You
do not need to replace the thumbscrew because it was
originally installed for shipping purposes.
9 Connect the drive cables using your notes from Step 3.
If you are installing a new drive, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions.
10 Replace the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the front bezel” on page 50.
11 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
Replacing the memory card
reader
To replace the memory card reader:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Remove the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Removing the front bezel” on page 49.
3 Disconnect the memory card reader cables, noting their
locations and orientation. (You will reconnect the cables
after you install the new memory card reader.)
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4 Remove the thumbscrew holding the card reader in the
drive bay.
Thumbscrew
5 Slide the card reader out of the case.
6 Slide the new card reader into the bay from the front of
the case, then slide the drive release latch forward to lock
the drive into place. You do not need to replace the
thumbscrew because it was originally installed for
shipping purposes.
Important
The color and shape of your replacement reader's front cover may
vary from your original reader.
7 Connect the new card reader cables, using your notes
from Step 3.
8 Replace the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the front bezel” on page 50.
9 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
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Adding or replacing a
hard drive
To add or replace a hard drive:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Slide the drive slot’s release latch toward you to unlock
it (or it may already be unlocked).
3 If you are adding a new drive, go to Step 6.
- OR If you are replacing an existing drive, go to the next step.
4 Disconnect the drive cables, noting their locations and
orientation. (You will reconnect the cables after you
install the new drive.)
SATA power cable
SATA data cable
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CHAPTER 5: Upgrading Your Computer
5 Remove the hard drive by sliding it out of the drive bay.
6 Slide the new drive into the drive bay, then secure it in
the drive bay by sliding the drive release latch back.
7 If you are replacing a drive, reconnect the drive cables
using your notes from Step 4. If you are installing a new
drive, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for
connecting it to the system board.
You can also refer to the following figure for SATA port
assignments:
SATA 6 port
SATA 5 port
SATA 4 port
SATA 3 port
SATA 1 port
SATA 2 port
8 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
9 Reconnect all external cables and the power cord.
10 Turn on your computer.
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11 If you installed a new primary drive:
• Format and partition the drive according to the
manufacturer’s instructions.
• Install Windows using the operating system DVD that
came with your computer. For more information on
restoring your system, see “Recovering your system”
on page 118.
Replacing the front fan
To replace the front fan:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Remove the fan cover by holding cables out of the way
and pulling the cover away from the computer.
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3 Disconnect the fan cable from the system board. The
location of the fan connection may vary, so trace the fan
cable from the fan to the system board.
Front fan connector
4 Remove the fan mount by pressing in on the flat area (1)
near the front, then rotating the fan mount (2) back.
2
1
5 Slide the old fan out of the fan mount.
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6 Slide the new fan into the fan mount.
Caution
Be careful not to catch the wires connecting the power button to
the system board when rotating the fan mount. A notch has been
provided for routing these wires.
7 Insert the tabs on the rear of the fan mount into the slots
provided, then rotate the mount into place. The mount
should lock into place.
8 Reconnect the fan cable to the system board.
9 Replace the fan cover.
10 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
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CHAPTER 5: Upgrading Your Computer
Replacing the rear fan
Tools
You need a Phillips screwdriver to replace the rear fan.
To replace the rear fan:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Disconnect the fan cable from the system board. The
location of the fan connection may vary, so trace the fan
cable from the fan to the system board.
Rear fan connector
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3 Remove the four screws that secure the fan to the inside
back of the computer, then remove the fan from inside
the computer. Note the orientation of the fan and install
the new fan the same way.
Screws
4 Insert the new fan into the computer and line it up with
the screw holes on the back of the computer, then
replace the screws that secure it to the back of the
computer.
5 Reconnect the fan cable to the system board.
6 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
7 Reconnect all external cables and the power cord.
8 Turn on your computer.
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Replacing the power supply
Tools
You need a Phillips screwdriver and a Torx® or “star” driver (size T15) to
replace the power supply. A slotted (flat) screwdriver can be used in place of the
Torx driver, but it must be the 7/64" (3 mm) size, and you must be very careful
while applying torque so that the screw head does not get stripped.
To replace the power supply:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47. Make sure that
you disconnect the power cable.
2 Disconnect the power supply cables from all
components (such as hard drives, optical and diskette
drives, and the system board), noting their locations and
orientation. (You will reconnect the cables after you
install the new power supply.)
3 Remove the three Phillips screws that secure the power
supply to the power supply bracket.
Phillips screws
Torx
screws
4 Use a Torx (“star”) T15 driver to remove the two Torx
screws that secure the power supply bracket to the
computer, then slide the bracket down and off the
computer.
5 Slide the power supply and cables out the back of the
computer.
6 Insert the new power supply and cables into the case
through the opening in the back of the computer.
7 Slide the power supply bracket into place, then secure it
into place using the two Torx screws you removed
previously.
8 Secure the power supply to the power supply bracket
using the three Phillips screws you removed previously.
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9 Reconnect the power supply cables using your notes
from Step 2.
10 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
Replacing the heat sink and
processor
Tools
You need a Phillips screwdriver to replace the heat sink.
To replace the heat sink and processor:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 For more stability, place your computer on its side. To
avoid scratching the case, place it on a towel or other
non-abrasive surface.
3 Remove the fan cover by holding cables out of the way
and pulling the cover away from the computer.
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4 Loosen the four screws that secure the heat sink to the
system board, then remove the heat sink. (The screws
cannot be completely removed.)
Caution
The heat sink has Thermal Interface Material (TIM) located on the
bottom of it. Use caution when you remove the old heat sink or unpack
the new heat sink so you do not damage the TIM.
Screws
Screws
5 Release the processor by pushing down on the lever,
then lifting the lever completely up.
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6 Remove the processor from the system board.
7 Install the new processor onto the system board making
sure that Pin 1 on the processor (indicated by the
silk-screened arrow on the corner of the processor)
aligns with Pin 1 on the processor socket (indicated by
the absence of a pin hole in the processor socket), then
return the lever to its locked position.
8 Wipe the old thermal paste off the bottom of the heat
sink, then apply a new bead of thermal paste about the
size of half a pea.
9 Place the heat sink on the system board, then tighten the
screws that secure it to the system board.
10 Replace the fan cover.
11 Return your computer to its upright position.
12 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
Replacing the I/O board
Tools
You need a Phillips screwdriver to replace the I/O board.
To replace the front I/O board:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 Remove the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Removing the front bezel” on page 49.
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3 Remove the screw that secures the front I/O assembly
to the computer, then remove the I/O assembly.
Screw
4 Remove the screw that secures the front I/O panel board
to the computer, then remove the I/O panel board by
pushing it toward the back of the computer.
Screw
5 Disconnect the cable from the old I/O panel board and
connect it to the new I/O panel board.
6 Insert the new I/O panel board into the computer, then
replace the screw.
7 Place the front I/O assembly onto the computer, then
replace the screw.
8 Replace the front bezel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the front bezel” on page 50, then replace the
side panel by following the instructions in “Replacing the
side panel” on page 50.
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Adding or replacing an
expansion card
To add or replace an expansion card:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
Important
Your computer hardware options and port locations may vary
from the illustrations below.
2 Loosen the thumbscrew on the expansion card cover.
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3 Open the expansion card cover.
4 For more stability, place your computer on its side. To
avoid scratching the case, place it on a towel or other
non-abrasive surface.
5 If you are replacing a card, disconnect any cables that
are attached to the card, noting their locations and
orientation. (You may have to reconnect the cables after
you install the new card.)
Graphics card power cables
(high-end cards only)
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6 Remove the old expansion card (if necessary). You can
slightly seesaw the card end-to-end to loosen it, but do
not bend the card sideways.
To remove a card (such as a video card) from the PCI
Express slot, press the card release lever before trying
to remove the card.
Caution
Do not touch the contacts on the bottom part of the expansion
card. Touching the contacts can cause electrostatic damage to the card.
7 Install the new card into the expansion slot. You can
slightly seesaw the card end-to-end to help insert the
card, but do not bend the card sideways.
Refer to the following illustration for help:
PCI
PCIe×16
PCI
PCIe×16
PCI
8 Reconnect the expansion card cables (if any) using your
notes from Step 5, or, if you are adding a new card,
follow the manufacturers instructions.
9 Tighten the thumbscrew on the expansion card cover.
10 Return your computer to its upright position.
11 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
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Replacing the system battery
Warning
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the
same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used
batteries according to local hazardous materials regulations.
If the computer clock does not keep time or the settings in the
BIOS Setup utility are not saved when you turn off your
computer, replace the system battery. Use a battery of the
same size and voltage as the original battery that was in your
computer.
To replace the battery:
1 Restart your computer.
2 During the restart, press and hold the F2 key. The main
menu of the BIOS Setup utility opens.
3 Write down all the values in the menus and submenus,
then exit from the utility.
4 Shut down your computer.
5 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
6 For more stability, place your computer on its side. To
avoid scratching the case, place it on a towel or other
non-abrasive surface.
7 Locate the old battery on the system board and note its
orientation. You will need to install the new battery the
same way.
Important
Your computer’s battery location may vary from the illustration
below.
Battery
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8 Pry the battery out of the socket.
Caution
Make sure that you do not damage any nearby components while
prying the battery out of its socket.
9 Make sure that the positive (+) side of the new battery
is facing up, then press the battery into the socket until
it snaps into place.
10 Return your computer to its upright position.
11 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
12
13
14
15
Reconnect all external cables and the power cord.
Turn on your computer.
Open the BIOS Setup utility.
In the BIOS Setup utility, restore any settings that you
wrote down in 3.
16 Save all your settings and exit the BIOS Setup utility.
Replacing the system board
Tools
You need a Phillips screwdriver to replace the system board.
To replace the system board:
1 Remove the side panel by following the instructions in
“Removing the side panel” on page 47.
2 For more stability, place your computer on its side. To
avoid scratching the case, place it on a towel or other
non-abrasive surface.
3 Disconnect any cables that are attached to any
expansion cards, noting their locations and orientation.
(You will reconnect the cables after you install the cards
on the new board.)
4 Remove the expansion cards by following the
instructions in “Adding or replacing an expansion card”
on page 69. You can slightly seesaw a card end-to-end
to loosen it, but do not bend a card sideways.
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5 Remove the fan cover by holding cables out of the way
and pulling the cover away from the computer.
6 Find the memory module banks on your system board.
7 Gently pull the plastic tabs away from the sides of the
memory modules, then remove them.
Caution
The heat sink has thermal paste located on the bottom of it. Use
caution when you remove the old heat sink so you do not damage the
thermal paste. If you damage the thermal paste, you must apply a new
bead of paste to the heat sink when re-installing it.
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8 Loosen the four screws that secure the heat sink to the
system board, then remove the heat sink. (These screws
cannot be completely removed.)
Screws
Screws
9 Disconnect the power and data cables from the system
board, noting their locations and orientation. (You will
reconnect the cables after you install the new board.)
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10 Remove the seven system board screws.
Screws
Screws
11 Lift the system board up and out of the case.
12 Align the new system board on the standoffs and secure
it into the computer case with the screws.
13 If your replacement system board does not include a
processor, go to Step 14.
-ORIf your replacement system board includes a processor,
go to Step 17.
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14 Release the processor from the old system board by
pushing down on the lever, then lifting the lever
completely up.
15 Remove the processor from the old system board.
16 Install the processor onto the new system board making
sure that Pin 1 on the processor (indicated by the
silk-screened arrow on the corner of the processor)
aligns with Pin 1 on the processor socket (indicated by
the absence of a pin hole in the processor socket), then
return the lever to its locked position.
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17 Connect the power and data cables using your notes
from Step 9, or use the following graphic as a guide..
AUX power
IDE
Power
Fan (rear)
Front panel audio
SATA 6
SATA 5
SATA 4
SATA 3
SATA 1
SATA 2
Fan
(Front) Fan
IEEE1394
Front USB
IEEE1394
Card reader
18 Place the heat sink over the processor, then tighten the
screws that secure it to the system board.
19 Align the notches on the memory modules with the
notches on the memory module banks and press the
modules firmly into the banks. The tabs on the sides of
the memory modules should secure the memory
modules automatically. When a module is secure, you
hear a click.
Caution
Do not touch the contacts on the bottom part of the expansion
card. Touching the contacts can cause electrostatic damage to the card.
20 Install the expansion cards into the expansion slots. You
can slightly seesaw a card end-to-end to help insert the
card, but do not bend the card sideways. For more
details, see “Adding or replacing an expansion card” on
page 69.
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21 Reconnect the expansion card cables using your notes
from Step 3.
22 Install the fan cover by following the directions in
“Replacing the heat sink and processor” on page 65.
23 Return your computer to its upright position.
24 Replace the side panel by following the instructions in
“Replacing the side panel” on page 50.
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CHAPTER 5: Upgrading Your Computer
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CHAPTER6
Maintaining Your
Computer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Setting up a maintenance schedule
Caring for your computer
Cleaning your computer
Updating Windows
Using BigFix
Managing hard drive space
Scheduling maintenance tasks
Moving from your old computer
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Setting up a maintenance
schedule
Use the following table to set up a regular maintenance
schedule.
Maintenance task
Weekly
Monthly
When
needed
Check for viruses
X
X
X
Run Windows Update
X
X
Manage hard drive space
Clean up hard drives
X
X
Scan hard drive for errors
X
X
Defragment hard drive
X
X
X
X
Back up files
Clean computer case and
peripheral devices
82
X
X
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Caring for your computer
To extend the life of your computer:
• Be careful not to bump or drop your computer, and do
not put any objects on top of it. The case, although
strong, is not made to support extra weight.
• When transporting your computer, we recommend that
you put it in the original packaging materials.
• Keep your computer away from magnetic fields.
Magnetic fields can erase data on hard drives.
• Never turn off your computer when the drive indicator
is on because data on the hard drive could be lost or
corrupted.
• Avoid subjecting your computer to extreme temperature
changes. The case can become brittle and easy to break
in cold temperatures and can melt or warp in high
temperatures. Damage due to either extreme is not
covered by your warranty. As a general rule, your
computer is safest at temperatures that are comfortable
for you.
• Keep all liquids away from your computer. When spilled
onto computer components, almost any liquid can result
in expensive repairs that are not covered under a
standard warranty.
• Avoid dusty or dirty work environments. Dust and dirt
can clog the internal mechanisms and can lead to
permanent damage to the computer.
• Do not block the ventilation fan slots. If these slots are
•
blocked, your computer may overheat, resulting in
unexpected shutdown or permanent damage to the
computer.
When storing your computer for an extended period of
time, unplug AC power.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Cleaning your computer
Keeping your computer clean and the vents free from dust
helps keep your computer performing at its best. You may
want to gather these items and put together a computer
cleaning kit:
• A soft, lint-free cloth
• An aerosol can of air that has a narrow, straw-like
extension
• Cotton swabs
• An optical disc drive cleaning kit
Cleaning the exterior
Warning
When you shut down your computer, the power turns off, but some
electrical current still flows through it. To avoid possible injury from electrical
shock, unplug the power cord, modem cable, and network cable from the wall
outlets.
• Always turn off your computer and other peripheral
devices before cleaning any components.
• Use a damp, lint-free cloth to clean your computer and
other parts of your system. Do not use household
abrasive or solvent cleaners because they can damage
the finish on components.
• Your computer is cooled by air circulated through the
vents on the case, so keep the vents free of dust. With
your computer turned off and unplugged, brush the
dust away from the vents with a damp cloth. Be careful
not to drip any water into the vents.
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Cleaning the keyboard
You should occasionally clean the keyboard to remove dust and
lint trapped under the keys.
To clean the keyboard:
1 Use an aerosol can of air with a narrow, straw-like
extension to remove dust and lint trapped under the
keys.
2 If you spill liquid on the keyboard, turn off your
computer and turn the keyboard upside down. Let the
liquid drain, then let the keyboard dry before trying to
use it again. If the keyboard does not work after it dries,
you may need to replace it.
Cleaning the monitor
Caution
A flat-panel screen is made of specially coated glass and can be scratched
or damaged by abrasive or ammonia-based glass cleaners.
To clean the monitor:
• To clean an LCD flat panel monitor, use a soft cloth and
water to clean the screen. Dampen the cloth (never apply
liquid directly to the screen), then wipe the screen with
the cloth.
• To clean a CRT monitor, use a soft cloth and glass cleaner
to clean the monitor screen. Squirt a little cleaner on the
cloth (never directly on the screen), then wipe the screen
with the cloth.
Cleaning the mouse
If the mouse pointer begins moving erratically across the
computer screen or becomes difficult to control precisely,
cleaning the mouse will likely improve its accuracy.
To clean the mouse:
• Wipe the bottom of the mouse with a damp, lint-free
cloth.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Cleaning optical discs
Optical discs (CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray Discs) get dirty from
frequent handling.
To clean an optical disc:
1 Wipe from the center to the edge, not around in a circle,
using a product made especially for the purpose.
Updating Windows
Windows Update helps you keep your computer up-to-date.
Use Windows Update to choose updates for your computer’s
operating system, software, and hardware. New content is
added to the site regularly, so you can always get the most
recent updates and fixes to protect your computer and keep
it running smoothly. Windows Update scans your computer
and provides you with a tailored selection of updates that
apply only to the software and hardware on your computer.
For information on running Windows Update, see “Windows
Update” in your online User Guide. Windows Update can also
be controlled through the Windows Security Center. For more
information, see “Protecting Your Computer” in your online
User Guide.
Help
For more information about Windows Update, click Start, then click Help
and Support. Type windows update in the Search Help box, then press
ENTER.
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Using BigFix
BigFix may be installed on your computer. BigFix monitors your
computer for problems and conflicts. It automatically gathers
information about the latest bugs, security alerts, and updates
from BigFix sites on the Internet. Whenever BigFix detects a
problem, it alerts you by flashing the blue taskbar icon. To fix
the problem, click on that icon to open BigFix.
To start BigFix:
(Start), All Programs, Accessories, System
Tools, then click BigFix.
1 Click
2 To learn more about BigFix, click Help, then click
Tutorial.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Managing hard drive space
Windows provides several utilities you can use to check hard
drive space, delete unnecessary files, defragment files, and
back up files.
Checking hard drive space
To check hard drive space:
Shortcut
Start Ö Computer Ö right-click drive Ö Properties
1 Click
(Start), then click Computer. The Computer
window opens.
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2 Right-click the drive that you want to check for available
file space, then click Properties. Drive space information
appears.
Deleting unnecessary files
Delete unnecessary files, such as temporary files and files in the
Recycle Bin, to free hard drive space.
To delete unnecessary files:
Shortcut
Start Ö Computer Ö right-click drive Ö Properties Ö
Disk Cleanup
1 Click
(Start), All Programs, Accessories, System
Tools, then click Disk Cleanup. The Disk Cleanup Options
dialog box opens.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
2 Click one of the options:
• My files only cleans only the folders for the
currently logged in user.
• Files from all users on this computer cleans all
folders.
The Disk Cleanup Options dialog box opens.
3 Click to select the types of files you want to delete, then
click OK. The types of files you indicated are deleted.
Help
For more information about keeping the hard drive free of
unnecessary files, click Start, then click Help and Support. Type disk
cleanup in the Search Help box, then press ENTER.
Checking the hard drive for errors
The Error-checking program examines the hard drive for
physical flaws and file and folder problems. This program
corrects file and folder problems and marks flawed areas on
the hard drive so Windows does not use them.
If you use your computer several hours every day, you
probably want to run Error-checking once a week. If you use
your computer less frequently, once a month may be adequate.
Also use Error-checking if you encounter hard drive problems.
To check the hard drive for errors:
(Start), then click Computer. The Computer
window opens.
1 Click
2 Right-click the drive that you want to check for errors,
click Properties, then click the Tools tab.
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3 Click Check Now, then click Start. Your drive is checked
for errors. This process may take several minutes.
Important
Error checking cannot scan a drive while the drive is being used,
so if you try to check your hard drive for errors, you see a prompt asking
you if you want to scan the hard drive later (the next time you restart
your computer). If you see this prompt, click Schedule disc check.
After Windows has finished checking the drive for errors,
it provides a summary of the problems that it found.
4 Correct any problems that are found by following the
on-screen instructions.
5 Click OK.
Help
For more information about checking the hard drive for errors,
click Start, then click Help and Support. Type checking for disk
errors in the Search Help box, then press ENTER.
Defragmenting the hard drive
When working with files, sometimes Windows divides the file
information into pieces and stores them in different places on
the hard drive. This is called fragmentation, and it is normal.
In order for your computer to use a file, Windows must search
for the pieces of the file and put them back together. This
process slows the hard drive performance.
Disk Defragmenter organizes the data on the drive so each file
is stored as one unit rather than as multiple pieces scattered
across different areas of the drive. Defragmenting the
information stored on the drive can improve hard drive
performance.
While Disk Defragmenter is running, do not use your keyboard
or mouse because using them may continuously stop and
restart the defragmenting process. Also, if you are connected
to a network, log off before starting Disk Defragmenter.
Network communication may stop the defragmentation
process and cause it to start over.
Tip
Because defragmenting a drive may take hours to complete (depending
on the size of the drive being defragmented), consider starting the process when
you will not need the computer for several hours.
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To defragment the hard drive:
1 Disconnect your computer from the network.
2 Click
(Start), All Programs, Accessories, System
Tools, then click Disk Defragmenter. The Disk
Defragmenter dialog box opens.
3 Click Defragment now. This process may take hours to
complete, depending on the size of the drive being
defragmented.
Help
For more information about defragmenting the hard drive, click
Start, then click Help and Support. Type defragmenting in the
Search Help box, then press ENTER.
Backing up files
Backing up files and removing them from the hard drive frees
space for new files on the hard drive. It also protects you from
losing important information if the hard drive fails or you
accidentally delete files.
You should back up your files regularly to a writable optical
disc (if you have a recordable drive). Use a backup device, such
as a recordable disc drive, to do a complete hard drive backup.
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To back up files:
1 Click (Start), then click Computer. The Computer
window opens.
2 Right-click the drive that you want to back up, click
Properties, then click the Tools tab.
3 Click Backup Now, then click Run a file backup now.
4 Follow the on-screen instructions to select a backup
storage location and the files and folders to back up.
Help
For more information about backing up files, click Start, then click
Help and Support. Type backup in the Search Help box, then press
ENTER.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Scheduling maintenance tasks
Task Scheduler lets you schedule maintenance tasks such as
running Disk Defragmenter and checking your drives for
errors.
Important
Your computer must be on during scheduled tasks. If your computer is off,
scheduled tasks will not run.
To start the Task Scheduler:
1 Click (Start), All Programs, Accessories, System
Tools, then click Task Scheduler. The Task Scheduler
dialog box opens.
2 Click Create Basic Task for basic tasks or click Create
Task for more complex tasks, then follow the on-screen
instructions to finish setting up and scheduling the task.
Help
For more information about scheduling tasks, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type task scheduler in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
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Moving from your old
computer
Transferring files and settings automatically
You can move your files, folders, software settings, and user
account settings (such as display, Internet, and e-mail settings)
from your old computer to your new one using Windows Easy
Transfer, providing your old computer uses Windows XP or
Windows Vista.
While using Windows Easy Transfer, you will not be able to run
other tasks on the computers.
Important
If your old computer does not use Windows XP or Windows Vista, you
must manually move your data by using a writeable disc, flash drive, or external
hard drive.
To move files and settings from your old computer:
1 If you want to transfer program settings to your new
computer, install those programs on the new computer
before running Windows Easy Transfer. Windows Easy
Transfer copies only the software’s settings, not the
software itself, to the new computer.
2 Click
(Start), All Programs, Accessories, System
Tools, then click Windows Easy Transfer. The Windows
Easy Transfer dialog box opens.
3 Click Next, click Start a new transfer, then follow the
on-screen instructions to complete the transfer.
Help
For more information about transferring files, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type transferring files in the Search Help
box, then press ENTER.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
Transferring files and settings manually
You can manually transfer your personal data files by copying
them to removable media, such as a writable disc, an external
hard drive, a network location, or a flash drive.
Finding your documents
Many programs save your personal data files in the Documents
or My Documents folder. Look in your old computer’s
documents folder for personal data files.
To find files in the documents folder:
(Start), then click
Documents. The Documents folder opens and displays
many of your saved personal data files. Go to 4.
1 In Windows Vista, click
- OR -
In Windows XP, click Start, then click My Documents.
The My Documents window opens and displays many of
your saved personal data files. Go to 4.
- OR In Windows 98, Windows Me, or Windows 2000,
double-click the My Computer icon on the desktop. Go
to the next step.
2 Double-click the C:\ drive icon.
3 Double-click the Documents or My Documents folder.
The My Documents window opens and displays many of
your saved personal data files.
4 Copy your personal data files to removable media or to
another computer on your network.
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Finding other files
Use Windows Find or Search to locate other personal data files.
For more information, see your online User Guide.
You can often identify different data file types by looking at
the file’s extension (the part of the file name following the last
period). For example, a document file might have a .DOC
extension and a spreadsheet file might have an .XLS extension.
File type
File usually ends in...
Documents
.DOC, .TXT, .RTF, .HTM, .HTML, .DOT
Spreadsheets
.XLS, .XLT, .TXT
Pictures
.JPG, .BMP, .GIF, .PDF, .PCT, .TIF, .PNG, .EPS
Movies
.MPEG, .MPG, .AVI, .GIF, .MOV
Sound and music
.WAV, .CDA, .MP3, .MID, .MIDI, .WMA
To find files using Find or Search:
1 In Windows Vista, click (Start), then click Search. The
Search Results window opens.
- OR In Windows XP, click Start, then click Search. The Search
Results window opens.
- OR In Windows 98, Windows Me, or Windows 2000, click
Start, Find or Search, then click For Files or Folders.
The Search Results window opens.
2 Type the filename you want to search for, then press
ENTER. The search results are displayed.
3 To learn about more search options, click Help.
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CHAPTER 6: Maintaining Your Computer
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CHAPTER7
Troubleshooting
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Safety guidelines
Try these steps first
Error messages
Internet and networking
Power
Display
Printing
Optical discs
Memory card reader
Mouse
Keyboard
Files
Memory
Audio
Passwords
Expansion cards
Media Center
Checking for device problems
Recovering your system
Technical support
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CHAPTER 7: Troubleshooting
Safety guidelines
While troubleshooting your computer, follow these safety
guidelines:
Warning
To avoid bodily injury, do not attempt to troubleshoot your computer
problem if:
• Power cords or plugs are damaged
• Liquid has been spilled into your computer
• Your computer was dropped
• The case was damaged
Instead, unplug your computer and contact a qualified computer technician.
Warning
Never open your computer case while your computer is turned on and
while the modem cable, network cable, and power cord are connected.
Warning
Make sure that you are correctly grounded before accessing internal
components. For more information about preventing damage from static
electricity, see “Preventing static electricity discharge” on page 34.
Try these steps first
If you have problems with your computer, try these things first:
Warning
To avoid bodily injury, do not attempt to troubleshoot your
computer problem if:
• Power cords or plugs are damaged
• Liquid has been spilled into your computer
• Your computer was dropped
• The case was damaged
Instead, unplug your computer and contact a qualified computer
technician.
• Check all cable connections, including power.
• If an error message appears on the screen, write down
•
•
the exact message. The message may help Customer
Care in diagnosing and fixing the problem.
If you added or removed peripheral devices, review the
installation procedures you performed and make sure
that you followed each instruction.
If an error occurs in a program, see the program’s
printed documentation or the online help.
Help
For more information about troubleshooting, click Start, then click
Help and Support. Type troubleshooting in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
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Error messages
Error message
Action
“Insufficient disk
space”
See “You get an “Insufficient disk space”
error message” on page 111.
“Data error”
See “You get a “Data error” message” on
page 112.
“General failure
reading drive C”
See “The hard drive cannot be accessed,
or you see a “General failure reading drive
C” error message” on page 112.
“Operating system
not found”
See “You get an “Operating system not
found” error message” on page 112.
“Unable to locate
host”
See “You see an “Unable to locate host”
message and are unable to browse the
Internet” on page 102.
“Download Error”
See “You get a “Download Error” message
when Media Center tries to update the
Program Guide” on page 116.
“Memory error”
See “You see a “Memory error” message”
on page 113.
“Not enough
memory”
See “You see a “Not enough memory”
error message” on page 114.
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CHAPTER 7: Troubleshooting
Internet and networking
Internet
If you do not find a solution to your problem in this section,
the issue may be networking related. See “Networking” on
page 106 for more information.
You cannot connect to the Internet
• If you are using a cable or DSL modem, make sure that
the modem cable is securely plugged into the Ethernet
network jack. See more troubleshooting at “Modem
(cable or DSL)” on page 103.
- OR If you are using a dial-up modem, make sure that the
modem cable is plugged into the modem jack and not
the Ethernet network jack. See more troubleshooting at
“Modem (dial-up)” on page 104.
• Make sure that your account with your Internet service
•
provider (ISP) is set up correctly. For help, contact your
ISP technical support.
Your ISP may be having connection problems. Contact
your ISP technical support to determine whether the
Internet outage is widespread (a problem they are trying
to solve).
Help
For more information about troubleshooting Internet
connections, click Start, then click Help and Support. Type
troubleshooting connections in the Search Help box, then press
ENTER.
You see an “Unable to locate host” message and are unable
to browse the Internet
• You may have typed the URL (Web address) incorrectly.
Check the URL, then enter it again, or try a different URL.
• Your Web browser may be experiencing problems. Close
your Web browser, then restart it. If that does not allow
you to connect, restart your computer.
• The problem may be with your network, not the Internet
itself. Check your network cables and network devices
(such as switches, routers, and hubs).
• Your ISP may be having connection problems. Contact
your ISP technical support to determine whether the
Internet outage is widespread (a problem they are trying
to solve).
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People are sending you e-mails, but you have not received
them
• Click the Receive or Send and Receive button in your
e-mail program. This checks your mail server for
incoming e-mail.
• Make sure that your account with your Internet service
provider (ISP) is set up correctly. Contact your ISP for
technical support.
E-mails you send are returned as undeliverable
• Check the spelling of the e-mail address you are sending
e-mail to. A valid e-mail address consists of a user name,
the @ symbol, and the Internet domain name of the
Internet service provider (ISP) or company that “hosts”
that user. E-mail addresses never contain spaces and are
not case-sensitive.
• If possible, contact the intended recipient by using
another method, then ask them to verify their e-mail
address.
Modem (cable or DSL)
My computer cannot connect to the Internet.
• Make sure that your modem is connected to the network
jack.
• See the documentation that came with your modem for
additional troubleshooting information.
• Contact your modem manufacturer for technical
support.
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CHAPTER 7: Troubleshooting
Modem (dial-up)
See also “Internet and networking” on page 102.
Your modem does not dial or does not connect
• Make sure that the modem cable is plugged into the
modem jack and not the Ethernet or the PHONE network
jack.
• Make sure that your computer is connected to the
telephone line and the telephone line has a dial tone.
• Remove any line splitters or surge protectors from your
telephone line, then check for a dial tone by plugging a
working telephone into the telephone wall jack.
• Make sure that call waiting is disabled before using the
modem. Contact your telephone service provider to get
the correct code to temporarily disable the service.
• Make sure that the modem dialing properties are set
correctly.
To check the dialing properties:
1 Click (Start), type modem, then press ENTER.
2 If the Location Information dialog box opens, enter
the information for your area, then click OK.
3 Click the Dialing Rules tab, click the location from
which you are dialing, then click Edit.
4 Make sure that all settings are correct.
Help
For more information about dialing properties, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type dialing in the Search Help box, then
press ENTER.
• Check for line noise (scratchy, crackling, or popping
sounds), which is a common problem that can cause the
modem to connect at a slower rate, interrupt downloads,
or even disconnect. You can also call your telephone
service and have the telephone line checked for noise or
low line levels.
• Try another telephone line (either a different telephone
number in your house or a telephone line at a different
location). If you can connect on this line, call your
telephone service.
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You cannot connect to the Internet
• The ISP may be having technical difficulties. Contact your
ISP for technical support.
• Review the troubleshooting information under “Internet
and networking” on page 102.
Your 56K modem does not connect at 56K
Current FCC regulations restrict actual data transfer rates over
public telephone lines to 53K. Other factors, such as line noise,
telephone service provider equipment, or ISP limitations, may
lower the speed even further.
The modem is not recognized by your computer
• Use the modem cable that came with your computer.
Some telephone cables do not meet required cable
standards and may cause problems with the modem
connection.
• Restart your computer.
• Run Windows modem diagnostics.
To run modem diagnostics:
1 Click (Start), type modem, then press ENTER.
2 Click the Modems tab, then click Properties.
3 Click the Diagnostics tab, then click Query Modem.
If information about the modem appears, the
modem passed diagnostics. If no modem
information is available, a white screen appears with
no data, or if you get an error such as port already
open or the modem has failed to respond, the modem
did not pass diagnostics.
Help
For more information about modem troubleshooting, click Start,
then click Help and Support. Type modem troubleshooting in the
Search Help box, then press ENTER.
The modem is noisy when it dials and connects
To turn down the modem volume:
1 Click (Start), type modem, then press ENTER.
2 Click the Modems tab, then click Properties.
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CHAPTER 7: Troubleshooting
3 Click the Modem tab, then adjust the Speaker
volume control.
4 Click OK twice to close the dialog boxes.
Networking
For more information, see the Networking chapter in your
User Guide.
You cannot see the other computers on your network
• If a network cable is connected to your computer, make
sure that the other end is plugged into a network router,
switch, hub, or other network device.
• Make sure that the other computers are turned on.
• If you are using a router, make sure that it is turned on.
Most routers have lights that indicate they are working.
For more information, see your router’s documentation.
• If you are using a router, restart it by unplugging it from
power for five seconds.
• Make sure that all computers on your network have the
same workgroup name and Subnet Mask.
• If you assigned IP addresses to the computers, make sure
that all computers have different IP addresses. For home
networks, IP addresses should be 192.168.N.N where N
is a number you assign between 0 and 254. The first N
should be the same for all computers on your network,
and the second N should be different for all computers
on your network.
Your wired network is running slower than you expect
• If your network is running slower than you expect, check
the speed of each component. For best results, all
components should be standard Ethernet (10 Mbps),
Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps), or Gigabit Ethernet
(1000 Mbps). Components comprising a mixture of those
speeds will result in your network running at the speed
of the slowest component.
• For more troubleshooting help, see the documentation
for your network components.
Help
For more information about network troubleshooting, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type network troubleshooting in the Search
Help box, then press ENTER.
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Power
Your computer will not turn on
• Make sure that the power cord is connected to an
AC power source and to your computer, and that your
computer is turned on. If your power cables are
connected to a power strip, make sure it is turned on.
• Test the outlet by plugging in a working device, such as
•
a lamp.
Make sure that the power cord is free from cuts or
damage, and replace any damaged cables.
Display
The screen resolution is not correct
• Change the screen resolution in Windows. For
instructions, see your online User Guide.
The computer is on, but there is no picture
• Make sure that the computer is not in Standby
(power-saving) mode.
• Make sure that the monitor is connected to a power
outlet and to a video port on your computer, then make
sure that the monitor is turned on. If the monitor is on,
its power LED should be on.
• Adjust the monitor’s brightness and contrast controls.
For more information, see the monitor’s documentation.
• Check the video cable for bent or damaged pins.
• Connect a display that you know works (such as a
monitor from another computer) to your computer. If the
display still works, the original monitor is faulty. If the
display does not work, either the computer’s video card
(if installed) is faulty or the on-board video is faulty.
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The color is not uniform
• Make sure that the display warms up for at least
30 minutes before making a final judgment about color
uniformity.
The text on the display is dim or difficult to read
• Adjust the brightness and contrast controls.
• Change the display settings. For instructions, see your
online User Guide.
• For more information about display types, see your
display and video card documentation.
Help
For more information about changing the screen resolution, click Start,
then click Help and Support. Type screen resolution in the Search Help
box, then press ENTER.
Printing
The printer will not turn on
• Make sure that the power cable is plugged into an
AC power source.
The printer is on but will not print
• Make sure that the Print to file box is not checked in
the Print dialog box.
• If the printer you want to print to is not the default
printer, make sure that you have selected it in the printer
setup.
To set a default printer:
1 Click
(Start), type printer, then press ENTER.
Control Panel opens and lists available printers.
2 Right-click the printer you want to be the default
printer, then click Set as Default Printer.
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• Reinstall the printer driver. See your printer’s user guide
for instructions.
• Wait until files have been printed before sending
additional files to the printer.
• If you print large files or many files at one time, you may
•
want to add additional memory to the printer. See the
printer documentation for instructions on adding
additional memory.
Contact your printer manufacturer’s technical support.
Help
For more information about printer troubleshooting, click Start, then click
Help and Support. Type printer troubleshooter in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
Optical discs
Optical discs include CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray discs.
The computer does not recognize a disc or the disc drive
• Make sure that the disc label is facing up, and make sure
that the disc is clean and free from large scratches. For
information on cleaning the disc, see “Cleaning optical
discs” on page 56.
• Update the device driver. For instructions, see “Checking
for device problems” on page 117.
• Your computer may be experiencing some temporary
memory problems. Restart your computer.
An audio disc does not produce sound
• Make sure that the Windows volume controls are turned
up (and mute is turned off) and that any attached
speakers are turned on and connected correctly.
• Make sure that the disc is label side up, and make sure
that the disc is clean and free from large scratches. For
information on cleaning the disc, see “Cleaning optical
discs” on page 56.
A movie disc will not play
• Make sure that the disc is label side up, and make sure
that the disc is clean and free from large scratches. For
information on cleaning the disc, see “Cleaning optical
discs” on page 56.
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• The regional code of the movie disc may not match your
•
•
drive’s regional code. Play only discs with a regional code
for your region. The DVD regional code for the United
States and Canada is 1, and the regional code for Mexico
is 4. The Blu-ray regional code for North and South
America is A, although many (if not most) Blu-ray movies
are region-free.
Update the device driver. For instructions, see “Checking
for device problems” on page 117.
Your computer may be experiencing some temporary
memory problems. Restart your computer.
Memory card reader
Drive letters for the memory card slots do not appear in the
Computer window
• The memory card reader may have been temporarily
uninstalled using the Remove Hardware icon in the
system tray. Restart your computer, and it will recognize
the card reader again.
Mouse
The mouse does not work
• Make sure that the mouse cable is plugged in correctly.
• Restart your computer.
• Try a mouse you know is working to make sure that the
mouse port works.
The mouse works erratically
• Clean the mouse by wiping the bottom with a clean,
damp cloth. Make sure that the optical sensor is clean
and free of debris.
• You may be using the mouse on a transparent, reflective,
metallic, or glossy surface. Your mouse uses optical
sensors that do not work correctly on these surfaces. Use
a mouse pad or a surface with a non-glossy texture, such
as fabric.
• The mouse pad may have a printed or fabric pattern on
it that interferes with your mouse. Use a different mouse
pad.
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Keyboard
The keyboard does not work
• Make sure that the keyboard cable is plugged in
correctly.
• Clean the keyboard by using an aerosol can of air with
a narrow, straw-like extension to remove dust and lint
trapped under the keys.
• Try a keyboard that you know works to make sure that
the keyboard port works.
Liquid spilled in the keyboard
• Turn off your computer and unplug the keyboard. Wipe
off the keyboard, turn the keyboard upside down to
drain any remaining liquid, then blow the inside dry with
a can of compressed air. Let the keyboard dry for several
hours before using it again. If the keyboard does not
work after it dries, you may need to replace it.
Files
You get an “Insufficient disk space” error message
• Delete unnecessary files from the hard drive using Disk
Cleanup. For instructions, see “Deleting unnecessary
files” on page 59.
Help
For more information about file management, click Start, then
click Help and Support. Type file management in the Search Help
box, then press ENTER.
• Empty the Recycle Bin by right-clicking the Recycle Bin
icon, then clicking Empty Recycle Bin.
Caution
All deleted files will be lost when you empty the Recycle Bin.
• Save your files to another drive. If the hard drive is full,
copy any files not regularly used to backup media, then
delete them from the hard drive.
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A file was accidentally deleted
• If a file was deleted while holding down the SHIFT key,
or if the Recycle Bin has been emptied since the file was
deleted, the file cannot be restored.
To restore deleted files:
1 Double-click the Recycle Bin icon.
2 Right-click the file you want to restore, then click
Restore. The file is restored to the place where it was
originally deleted from.
Help
For more information about restoring deleted files, click Start,
then click Help and Support. Type System Restore in the Search
Help box, then press ENTER.
You get a “Data error” message
• This may be the result of a defective area on the hard
drive. To fix hard drive problems, run the error checking
program. For instructions on fixing hard drive problems,
see “Checking the hard drive for errors” on page 113.
The hard drive cannot be accessed, or you see a “General
failure reading drive C” error message
• If your computer has been subjected to static electricity
or physical shock, you may need to reinstall the
operating system. See “Recovering your system” on
page 118.
You get an “Operating system not found” error message
• Your computer is unable to detect the hard drive. Check
cable connections. For instructions on opening your
computer case, see “Opening the case” on page 35.
• A USB flash drive or a USB portable music player is
connected to one of your computer’s USB ports. Unplug
the USB device, then restart your computer.
• Your hard drive has no operating system installed on it,
or the operating system files cannot be recognized
because they have become corrupted or erased. See
“Recovering your system” on page 118.
You need to restore your computer to a working condition
• See “Recovering your system” on page 118.
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Checking the hard drive for errors
Use Error-checking if you encounter hard drive problems.
Error-checking examines the hard drive for file and folder
problems, then corrects the data problems that it finds.
To check the hard drive for errors:
(Start) then click Computer. The Computer
window opens.
1 Click
2 Right-click the drive that you want to check for errors,
click Properties, then click the Tools tab.
3 Click Check Now, then click Start. Your drive is checked
for errors. This process may take several minutes.
Important
Error checking cannot scan a drive while the drive is being used.
If you try to check your hard drive for errors, you see a prompt asking
you if you want to scan the hard drive later (the next time you restart
your computer). If you see this prompt, click Schedule disc check.
After Windows has finished checking the drive for errors,
it provides a summary of the problems that it found.
4 Correct any problems that are found by following the
on-screen instructions.
5 Click OK.
Help
For more information about checking the hard drive for errors,
click Start, then click Help and Support. Type checking for disk
errors in the Search Help box, then press ENTER.
Memory
Help
For more information about troubleshooting memory errors, click Start,
then click Help and Support. Type memory error in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
You see a “Memory error” message
• Run the Memory Diagnostic Tool. Click (Start), type
Memory Diagnostic Tool, then press ENTER. Click
Restart now and check for problems. Your computer
restarts and runs the memory diagnostics.
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You see a “Not enough memory” error message
• Close all programs, then restart your computer.
• If you continue to receive this error message, consider
adding more memory to your computer.
Audio
You are not getting sound from the speakers
• Make sure that the volume controls are turned up and
not muted. For more information, see “Adjusting the
volume” on page 28.
• If you are using external speakers:
• Make sure that the speakers are turned on, and check
the speaker connections. See your speakers’ user
guide for more troubleshooting tips.
• Make sure that your computer’s universal audio jacks
are configured correctly. For more information, see
“Configuring the audio jacks” on page 30.
• If you are trying to play an audio disc, see “Optical discs”
on page 109.
Help
For more information about sound troubleshooting, click Start, then click
Help and Support. Type sound troubleshooter in the Search Help box,
then press ENTER.
Passwords
Your computer does not accept your password
• Windows passwords are case-sensitive. Make sure that
CAPS LOCK is turned off, then retype the password.
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Expansion cards
The computer does not recognize an expansion card
• Restart your computer.
• Make sure that you have installed the required software.
For more information, see your expansion card’s
documentation.
• Remove the card from your computer’s expansion slot,
then reinstall the card.
Media Center
This section only covers problems relating to Media Center
mode. Media Center mode is available only on Windows Vista
Home Premium and Ultimate versions.
Help
For more information about Windows Media Center, click Start, then click
Help and Support. Type Media Center in the Search Help box, then press
ENTER.
The Media Center video display looks bad on your TV
Many factors can significantly affect the video quality:
• Cable connections—Loose cables can lower video
quality. Check all cable connections.
• Display type—The Media Center is best viewed on
computer displays. Other types of display devices,
including TVs, may provide lower quality video.
• Type of connection used—The connection type has an
affect on the video quality. Your computer has one or
more video outputs. Use the highest quality output your
TV and computer supports:
• A/V cables (basic)
• S-Video (fair, but not optimized for computer video
display)
• VGA (good)
• DVI (better)
• HDMI (best)
• Quality of video cables—Poor quality video cables can
cause problems. Gateway recommends using
high-quality video cables.
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• Screen resolution—Many TVs cannot display the high
•
•
resolution that your computer’s video signal uses, and
may shift, scramble, or scroll the picture. For a better
picture on a TV display, you may need to lower the
computer’s screen resolution to 800 × 600 or 640 × 480.
For more information about changing the screen
resolution, see your online User Guide.
Age of the TV—Newer TVs usually have more advanced
features, produce a better quality picture, and support
higher screen resolutions.
Type of TV
• CRT TVs may have a slight flicker.
• Plasma TVs may experience image burn-in after
extended use.
• LCD TVs use the same technology as your computer’s
flat panel display.
You want to change monitor settings to get better TV or
DVD image quality
• Adjust the display device brightness, contrast, hue, and
saturation. For more information, see the display’s user
guide.
You need to burn programs that were recorded with your
computer to a DVD using Media Center
• Media Center saves recorded programs in the DVR-MS
format. You can burn a DVR-MS file to a DVD with DVD
recording (burning) software and with Media Center
itself. For more information, see the Media Center online
help.
You want to play recorded programs on other computers
• A DVR-MS file recorded to DVD can be replayed on
another computer running Media Center or on any
computer that has a DVD player and DVD decoder
software (such as WinDVD). The non-Media Center
computer must also have at least Windows XP with
Service Pack (SP) 1 or 2, Windows Media Player 9 or later,
and the Windows patch Q810243 Update.
You get a “Download Error” message when Media Center
tries to update the Program Guide
• You must be connected to the Internet to update the
Program Guide. Make sure that your computer is
connected to the Internet. For information about
manually updating the Program Guide, see the Media
Center online help.
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Checking for device problems
Faulty devices or corrupt device drivers can cause a variety of
problems on your computer. Checking the condition of system
devices and the status of their drivers can help pinpoint the
problem.
To check for device problems:
(Start), type device manager, then press
ENTER. Device Manager opens.
1 Click
2 Examine the list of computer device types. A device type
with problems have a yellow triangle or red octogon
indicating a problem or a failed condition.
3 Click the + symbol to the left of the device type to expand
the list of devices. The faulty device is marked with a
yellow (problems) or red (failed) icon.
4 To update the device driver (a common solution to many
device problems), right-click the device, click Update
Driver Software, then click Search automatically for
updated driver software and follow the on-screen
prompts.
- OR To check for specific problems, right-click the device,
then click Properties and examine the information
within each of the tabs. Write down this information for
future reference and troubleshooting. It may also be
useful information to have available if you call Customer
Care.
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Recovering your system
You can solve most computer problems by following the
information in “Try these steps first” on page 100 or in the
technical support pages at www.gateway.com. Problem
solving may also involve reinstalling some or all of the
computer’s software (also called recovering or restoring your
system). Gateway provides everything you need to recover
your system under most conditions.
Caution
To prepare your computer for additional system recovery options, you
should create a set of recovery discs as soon as possible. Recovery discs take some
time to create, but for long-term reliability, the effort is worth it. For instructions,
see “Creating recovery discs” on page 119.
To recover your system:
1 Create recovery discs as soon as you can.
You can use these discs later for recovering your system
from significant hardware and software problems. For
instructions, see “Creating recovery discs” on page 119.
2 Perform minor fixes.
If only one or two items of software or hardware have
stopped working correctly, the problem may be solved
by reinstalling the software or the device drivers. To
recover software and drivers that were pre-installed at
the factory, see “Recovering pre-installed software and
drivers” on page 121. For instructions on reinstalling
software and drivers that were not pre-installed, see
that product’s documentation or technical support Web
site.
3 Revert to a previous system condition.
If reinstalling software or drivers does not help, then the
problem may be solved by returning your system to a
previous state when everything was working correctly.
For instructions, see “Returning to a previous system
condition” on page 122.
4 Reset your system to its factory condition.
If nothing else has solved the problem and you want to
reset your system to factory condition, see “Returning
your system to its factory condition” on page 123.
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Creating recovery discs
If your computer experiences problems that are not
recoverable by other methods, you may need to reinstall the
Windows operating system and factory-loaded software and
drivers. To reinstall using discs, you must create the set of
recovery discs beforehand.
To create recovery discs:
1 Click (Start), All Programs, Gateway, then click
Gateway Recovery Management. Gateway Recovery
Management opens.
2 To create recovery discs for the hard drive’s entire
original contents, including Windows Vista and all
factory-loaded software and drivers, click Create
factory default disc.
- OR To create recovery discs for only the factory-loaded
software and drivers, click Create driver and
application backup disc.
Important
We recommend that you create each type of recovery disc as soon
as possible.
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The Create Backup Disc dialog box opens.
This dialog box tells you the number of blank, recordable
discs you will need to complete the recovery discs. Make
sure that you have the required number of identical,
blank discs ready before continuing.
3 Insert a blank disc into the drive indicated in the Burn to
list, then click Next. The first disc begins recording, and
you can watch its progress on the screen.
When the disc finishes recording, the drive ejects it.
4 Remove the disc from the drive and mark it with a
permanent marker.
Important
Write a unique, descriptive label on each disc, such as “Windows
Recovery Disc 1 of 2.” or “Apps/Drivers Recovery disc.”
5 If multiple discs are required, insert a new disc when
prompted, then click OK. Continue recording discs until
the process is complete.
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Recovering pre-installed software and drivers
As a troubleshooting step, you may need to reinstall the
software and device drivers that came pre-installed on your
computer from the factory. You can recover using either your
hard drive or the backup discs you have created.
• New software—If you need to recover software that did
not come pre-installed on your computer, you need to
follow that software’s installation instructions.
• New device drivers—If you need to recover device
drivers that did not come pre-installed on your
computer, follow the instructions for updating drivers in
“Checking for device problems” on page 117.
To recover your pre-installed software and drivers:
(Start), All Programs, Gateway, then click
Gateway Recovery Management. Gateway Recovery
Management opens.
1 Click
- OR If you are recovering from your driver and application
recovery disc, insert it into the disc drive, then go to
Step 3 after the Gateway Application Recovery main
menu opens.
2 Click the Restore tab, then click Reinstall
applications/drivers. The Gateway Application
Recovery main menu opens.
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3 Click Contents. A list of software and device drivers
opens.
4 Click the install icon
for the item you want to install,
then follow the on-screen prompts to complete the
installation. Repeat this step for each item you want to
reinstall.
Returning to a previous system condition
Microsoft System Restore periodically takes “snapshots” of
your system settings and saves them as restore points. In most
cases of hard-to-resolve software problems, you can return to
one of these restore points to get your system running again.
Windows automatically creates an additional restore point
each day, and also each time you install software or device
drivers.
Help
For more information about using Microsoft System Restore, click Start,
then click Help and Support. Type windows system restore in the Search
Help box, then press ENTER.
To return to a restore point:
1 Click (Start), Control Panel, System and
Maintenance, then click Backup and Restore Center.
The Backup and Restore Center opens.
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2 On the left side of the window, click Repair Windows
using System Restore, then click Next. The Choose a
restore point dialog box opens.
3 Click the restore point you want, click Next, then click
Finish. A confirmation message box appears.
4 Click Yes. Your system is restored using the restore point
you specified. This process may take several minutes,
and may restart your computer.
Returning your system to its factory condition
In case your computer experiences problems that are not
recoverable by other methods, you may need to reinstall
everything to return your system to its factory condition. You
can reinstall using either your hard drive or the recovery discs
you have created.
Caution
This complete recovery deletes everything on your hard drive, then
reinstalls Windows and all software and drivers that were pre-installed on your
system. If you can access important files on your hard drive, back them up now.
• If you can still run Windows Vista, see “Recovering from
within Windows Vista” on page 124.
• If you cannot run Windows Vista and your original hard
•
drive is still working, see “Recovering from the hard drive
during startup” on page 125.
If you cannot run Windows Vista and your original hard
drive has been completely re-formatted or you have
installed a replacement hard drive, see “Recovering from
your recovery discs” on page 125.
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Recovering from within Windows Vista
To reinstall Windows Vista and all pre-installed software
and drivers:
1 Click (Start), All Programs, Gateway, then click
Gateway Recovery Management. Gateway Recovery
Management opens.
2 Click the Restore tab, then click Restore system to
factory default. The Confirm Restoration dialog box
opens.
3 Click Yes, then click Start. A dialog box displays
information about the hard drive that the operating
system will be recovered to.
Caution
Continuing the process will erase all files on your hard drive.
4 Click OK. The recovery process begins by restarting your
computer, then continues by copying files to your hard
drive. This process may take a while, but a Gateway
Recovery Management screen shows you its progress.
When the recovery has finished, a dialog box prompts
you to restart your computer.
5 Click OK. Your computer restarts.
6 Follow the on-screen prompts for first-time system
setup.
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Recovering from the hard drive during startup
To reinstall Windows Vista and all pre-installed software
and drivers:
1 Turn on your computer, then press ALT+F10 during
startup. Gateway Recovery Management opens.
2 Click Restore system from factory default.
Caution
Continuing the process will erase all files on your hard drive.
3 Click Next to continue. Your hard drive’s original,
factory-loaded contents are recovered. This process will
take several minutes.
Recovering from your recovery discs
To reinstall Windows Vista and all pre-installed software
and drivers:
1 Turn on your computer, insert the first system recovery
disc into your optical disc drive, then restart your
computer.
Caution
Continuing the process will erase all files on your hard drive.
2 During startup, press F10 to open the boot menu. The
boot menu is where you can select which device to start
from, such as the hard drive or an optical disc.
3 Use your arrow keys to select CDROM/DVD, then press
ENTER. Windows installs from the recovery disc you
inserted.
4 Insert the second recovery disc when prompted, then
follow the on-screen prompts to complete the recovery.
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Technical support
Before calling Gateway Customer Care
If you have a technical problem with your computer, follow
these recommendations before contacting Gateway Customer
Care:
• Make sure that your computer is connected correctly to
an AC power outlet that is supplying power. If you use
a surge protector or power strip, make sure that it is
turned on.
• If a peripheral device, such as a keyboard or mouse, does
not appear to work, make sure that all cables are
plugged in securely.
• If you have recently installed hardware or software,
make sure that you have installed it according to the
instructions provided with it. If you did not purchase the
hardware or software from Gateway, see the
manufacturer’s documentation and technical support
resources.
• If you have “how to” questions about using a program,
see:
• Its online Help
• Its printed documentation
• Its publisher’s Web site
• See the troubleshooting section of this chapter.
• Have your customer ID, serial number, and order number
•
available, along with a detailed description of your
problem, including the exact text of any error messages,
and the steps you have taken.
Make sure that your computer is nearby at the time of
your call. The technician may have you follow
troubleshooting steps.
Calling Customer Care
For the contact number, see your setup poster. The label on top
of your computer contains information that identifies your
computer model and serial number. Gateway Customer Care
will need this information if you call for assistance.
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APPENDIXA
Legal Notices
•
•
•
•
Important safety information
Regulatory compliance statements
Environmental information
Notices
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APPENDIX A: Legal Notices
Important safety information
Warning
Always follow these instructions to help guard against personal injury and
damage to your Gateway system.
Your Gateway system is designed and tested to meet the latest standards for safety of information
technology equipment. However, to ensure safe use of this product, it is important that the safety
instructions marked on the product and in the documentation are followed.
Setting up your system
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Read and follow all instructions marked on the product and in the documentation before
you operate your system. Retain all safety and operating instructions for future use.
Do not use this product near water or a heat source such as a radiator.
Set up the system on a stable work surface.
The product should be operated only from the type of power source indicated on the
rating label.
If your computer has a voltage selector switch, make sure that the switch is in the proper
position for your area. The voltage selector switch is set at the factory to the correct
voltage.
Openings in the computer case are provided for ventilation. Do not block or cover these
openings. Make sure you provide adequate space, at least 6 inches (15 cm), around the
system for ventilation when you set up your work area. Never insert objects of any kind
into the computer ventilation openings.
Some products are equipped with a three-wire power cord to make sure that the product
is properly grounded when in use. The plug on this cord will fit only into a
grounding-type outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into
an outlet, contact an electrician to install the appropriate outlet.
If you use an extension cord with this system, make sure that the total ampere rating
on the products plugged into the extension cord does not exceed the extension cord
ampere rating.
If your system is fitted with a TV Tuner, cable, or satellite receiver card, make sure that
the antenna or cable system is electrically grounded to provide some protection against
voltage surges and buildup of static charges.
Care during use
Warning
Do not use Gateway products in areas classified as hazardous locations.
Such areas include patient care areas of medical and dental facilities,
oxygen-laden environments, or industrial facilities.
Warning
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger (for example, No.
24 AWG ) UL-listed or CSA-certified telecommunication line cord for your dialup
modem connection.
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not walk on the power cord or allow anything to rest on it.
Do not spill anything on the system. The best way to avoid spills is to avoid eating and
drinking near your system.
Some products have a replaceable CMOS battery on the system board. There is a danger
of explosion if the CMOS battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the battery with the
same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of batteries
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
When the computer is turned off, a small amount of electrical current still flows through
the computer. To avoid electrical shock, always unplug all power cables and modem
cables from the wall outlets before cleaning the system.
Unplug the system from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified personnel if:
The power cord or plug is damaged.
Liquid has been spilled into the system.
The system does not operate properly when the operating instructions are followed.
The system was dropped or the cabinet is damaged.
The system performance changes.
Replacement parts and accessories
Use only replacement parts and accessories recommended by Gateway.
Regulatory compliance
statements
United States of America
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Unintentional emitter per FCC Part 15
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. However, there is no guarantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
interference to radio and television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment
off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
• Connect the equipment to an outlet on a different circuit from that to which the receiver
is connected
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Compliance accessories: The accessories associated with this equipment are: shielded video
cable when an external monitor is connected. These accessories are required to be used in order
to ensure compliance with FCC rules.
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APPENDIX A: Legal Notices
FCC declaration of conformity
Responsible party:
Gateway, Inc.
7565 Irvine Center Drive
Irvine, CA 92618
Phone: 800-846-2000
Caution
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by Gateway could void
the FCC compliance and negate your authority to operate the product.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation of this device is subject to the
following two conditions: (1)this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
California Proposition 65 Warning
Warning
This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects or reproductive harm.
Telecommunications per Part 68 of the Code of Federal
Regulations (CFR 47) (applicable to products fitted with
USA modems)
Your modem complies with Part 68 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR 47) rules. On the
computer or modem card is a label that contains the FCC registration number and Ringer
Equivalence Number (REN) for this device. If requested, this information must be provided to the
telephone company.
A telephone line cord with a modular plug is required for use with this device. The modem is
designed to be connected to the telephone network or premises wiring using a compatible
modular jack which is Part 68-compliant. See installation instructions for details.
The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) is used to determine the number of devices which may be
connected to the telephone line. Excessive RENs on a telephone line may result in the devices not
ringing in response to an incoming call. In most areas, the sum of RENs should not exceed five
(5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that may be connected to a line, as determined by
the total RENs, contact the local telephone company.
If this device causes harm to the telephone network, the telephone company will notify you in
advance that temporary discontinuance of service may be required. The telephone company may
request that you disconnect the equipment until the problem is resolved.
The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures
that could affect the operation of this equipment. If this happens, the telephone company will
provide advance notice in order for you to make necessary modifications to maintain
uninterrupted service.
This equipment cannot be used on telephone company-provided coin service. Connection to party
line service is subject to state tariffs. Contact the state public utility commission or public service
commission for information.
When programming or making test calls to emergency numbers:
• Remain on the line and briefly explain to the dispatcher the reason for the call.
• Perform such activities in the off-peak hours such as early morning or late evenings.
The United States Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful for any person
to use a computer or other electronic device to send any message via a telephone fax machine
unless such message clearly contains, in a margin at the top or bottom of each transmitted page
or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it is sent, an identification of the
business, other entity, or other individual sending the message, and the telephone number of the
sending machine or such business, other entity, or individual. Refer to your fax communication
software documentation for details on how to comply with the fax-branding requirement.
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Canada
Industry Canada (IC) Unintentional emitter per ICES-003
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital
apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of Industry Canada.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les limites
applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage
radioélectrique édicté par Industrie Canada.
Telecommunications per Industry Canada CS-03 (for
products fitted with an IC-compliant modem)
The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that the
equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operation, and safety
requirements. The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to the users’
satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, users should make sure that it is permissible to be connected to
the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment must also be installed using
an acceptable method of connection. In some cases, the inside wiring associated with a single-line
individual service may be extended by means of a certified connector assembly. The customer
should be aware that compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of
service in some situations.
Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an authorized Canadian maintenance facility
designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this equipment, or
equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company cause to request the user
to disconnect the equipment.
Warning
To avoid electrical shock or equipment malfunction do not attempt to
make electrical ground connections by yourself. Contact the appropriate
inspection authority or an electrician, as appropriate.
Users should make sure, for their own protection, that the electrical ground connections of the
power utility, telephone lines, and internal metallic water pipe system, if present, are connected
together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas.
The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides an
indication of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface.
The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of devices subject only to the
requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence Numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5.
Laser safety statement
Warning
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified in this manual may result in hazardous radiation exposure. To
prevent exposure to laser beams, do not try to open the enclosure of a CD or DVD
drive.
All Gateway systems equipped with CD and DVD drives comply with the appropriate safety
standards, including IEC 825. The laser devices in these components are classified as “Class 1 Laser
Products” under a US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Radiation Performance
Standard. Should the unit ever need servicing, contact an authorized service location.
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APPENDIX A: Legal Notices
Television antenna connectors protection (for
systems fitted with TV/cable TV tuner cards)
External television antenna grounding
Important
The instructions are for the person who installs cable to the system.
Gateway assumes you are qualified in the servicing of computer equipment and
trained in recognizing hazards in products with electric shock.
If an outside antenna or cable system is to be connected to your Gateway PC, make sure that the
antenna or cable system is electrically grounded to provide some protection against voltage surges
and static charges.
Article 810 of the National Electrical Code, ANSI/NFPSA 70, provides information with regard to
proper grounding of the mast and supporting structure, grounding of the lead-in wire to an
antenna discharge unit, size of grounding conductors, location of antenna discharge unit,
connection to grounding electrodes, and requirements for the grounding electrode.
Cable distribution system should be grounded (earthed) in accordance with ANSI/NFPA 70, the
National Electrical Code (NEC), in particular Section 820.93, Grounding of Outer Conductive Shield
of a Coaxial Cable.
Lightning protection
For added protection of any Gateway product during a lightning storm or when it is left unattended
or unused for long periods of time, unplug the product from the wall outlet and disconnect the
antenna or cable system.
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Power lines
Warning
When installing or realigning an outside antenna system, extreme care
should be taken to keep from touching such power lines or circuits. Contact with
them could be fatal.
Do not locate the antenna near overhead light or power circuits, or where it could fall into such
power lines or circuits.
7
6
5
4
3
1
2
Antenna and satellite grounding
Reference
Grounding component
1
Electric service equipment
2
Power service grounding electrode system
(NEC Art 250, Part H)
3
Ground clamps
4
Grounding conductors (NEC Section 810-21)
5
Antenna discharge unit (NEC Section 810-20)
6
Ground clamp
7
Antenna lead-in wire
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APPENDIX A: Legal Notices
Environmental information
The product you have purchased contains extracted natural resources that have been used in the
manufacturing process. This product may contain substances known to be hazardous to the
environment or to human health.
To prevent releases of harmful substances into the environment and to maximize the use of our
natural resources, Gateway provides the following information on how you can responsibly recycle
or reuse most of the materials in your “end of life” product.
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (commonly known as WEEE) should never
be disposed of in the municipal waste stream (residential garbage collection). The
“Crossed-Out Waste Bin” label affixed to this product is your reminder to dispose of
your “end of life” product properly.
Substances such as glass, plastics, and certain chemical compounds are highly
recoverable, recyclable, and reusable. You can do your part for the environment by
following these simple steps:
• When your electrical or electronic equipment is no longer useful to you, “take it back”
to your local or regional waste collection administration for recycling.
• In some cases, your “end of life” product may be “traded in” for credit towards the
purchase of new Gateway equipment. Call Gateway to see if this program is available
in your area.
• If you need further assistance in recycling, reusing, or trading in your “end of life”
product, you may contact us at the Customer Care number listed in your product’s user
guide and we will be glad to help you with your effort.
Finally, we suggest that you practice other environmentally friendly actions by understanding and
using the energy-saving features of this product (where applicable), recycling the inner and outer
packaging (including shipping containers) this product was delivered in, and by disposing of or
recycling used batteries properly.
With your help, we can reduce the amount of natural resources needed to produce electrical and
electronic equipment, minimize the use of landfills for the disposal of “end of life” products, and
generally improve our quality of life by ensuring that potentially hazardous substances are not
released into the environment and are disposed of properly.
Notices
Copyright © 2008 Gateway, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
7565 Irvine Center Drive
Irvine, CA 92618 USA
All Rights Reserved
This publication is protected by copyright and all rights are reserved. No part of it may be
reproduced or transmitted by any means or in any form, without prior consent in writing from
Gateway.
The information in this manual has been carefully checked and is believed to be accurate. However,
changes are made periodically. These changes are incorporated in newer publication editions.
Gateway may improve and/or change products described in this publication at any time. Due to
continuing system improvements, Gateway is not responsible for inaccurate information which
may appear in this manual. For the latest product updates, consult the Gateway Web site at
www.gateway.com. In no event will Gateway be liable for direct, indirect, special, exemplary,
incidental, or consequential damages resulting from any defect or omission in this manual, even
if advised of the possibility of such damages.
In the interest of continued product development, Gateway reserves the right to make
improvements in this manual and the products it describes at any time, without notices or
obligation.
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Trademark acknowledgments
Gateway and the Black-and-White Spot Design are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Gateway, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries. Intel, Intel Inside logo, and Pentium are registered
trademarks and MMX is a trademark of Intel Corporation. Microsoft, MS, MS-DOS, and Windows
are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All other product names
mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only, and may be the trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Macrovision statement
If your computer has a DVD-compatible drive and an analog
TV Out port, the following paragraph applies:
This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by method claims of
certain U.S. patents and other intellectual property rights owned by Macrovision Corporation and
other rights owners. Use of this copyright protection technology must be authorized by
Macrovision Corporation, and is intended for home and other limited viewing uses only unless
otherwise authorized by Macrovision Corporation. Reverse engineering or disassembly is
prohibited.
135
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APPENDIX A: Legal Notices
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Index
A
AC power connector 9
accessories
safety precautions 129
activity indicators
See indicators
application buttons 23
application key 22, 23
arrow keys 22, 23
audio
audio in jack 9
center speaker jack 9
configuring jacks 33
front speaker jack 10
headphone jack 10
line in jack 9
line out jack 10
microphone jack 7, 9
muting 31
rear speaker jack 9
recording 29
S/PDIF jack 9
side speaker jack 9
subwoofer jack 9
audio CD
cleaning 86
audio in jack 9
audio playback buttons 21, 23
B
backing up files 92
battery
replacing 72
bezel
removing 49
replacing 50
BigFix 87
Blu-ray 6
playing 29
recording 29
broadband
connection 17
modem 17
broadband connection
connecting 9
buttons
See keys and buttons
C
cable modem 17
connecting 9
troubleshooting 103
Caps Lock indicator 22, 23
cards
adding expansion 69
inserting memory card 30
installing memory card 30
removing memory card 30
replacing expansion 69
slots 30
troubleshooting add-in
card 115
troubleshooting expansion
115
troubleshooting memory
card 110
types of memory cards
supported 30
case
closing 50
opening 47
CD
cleaning 86
copying 29
inserting 26
playing audio 28
recording 29
troubleshooting 109
CD drive
adding 53
identifying 27
locating drive 6
137
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Index
replacing 53
See also optical drive
troubleshooting 109
cellular phone
memory cards 30
Certificate of Authenticity 3
cleaning
audio CD 86
case 84
CD 86
computer screen 85
DVD 86
keyboard 85
LCD panel 85
mouse 85
screen 85
cleaning CRT screen 85
clicking 25
closing
computer case 50
front bezel 50
unresponsive program 20
CompactFlash 30
configuring
audio jacks 33
speakers 33
connecting
cable modem 17
dial-up modem 17
DSL modem 17
PS/2 keyboard 10
PS/2 mouse 9
to Ethernet network 9, 17
to Internet 9
to network 9, 17
connections
audio in 9
cable modem 17
center speaker 9
dial-up modem 17
digital camera 7, 10, 34
digital video camera 7, 10,
34
DSL modem 17
Ethernet 9, 17
external audio 9, 10
138
external speakers 10
Firewire 7, 10, 34
front speaker 10
headphone 10
i.Link 7, 10
IEEE 1394 7, 10
keyboard 7, 10
line in 9, 10
line out 10
microphone 7, 9
modem 10
mouse 7, 9, 10
network 9, 17
power 9
power cord 9
printer 7, 10
PS/2 keyboard 10
PS/2 mouse 9
rear speakers 9
scanner 7, 10
side speaker 9
subwoofer 9
universal aduio 33
universal audio 114
USB 7, 10
video camera 7, 10
Zip drive 7, 10
copying
CDs and DVDs 29
CRT screen
cleaning 85
D
default printer
setting 108
defragmenting hard drive 91
deleting files and folders 89
dial-up modem 17
adjusting volume 105
diagnostics 105
dialing properties 104
troubleshooting 104
troubleshooting connection
speed 105
digital audio out 9
digital camera
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locating USB port 7, 10
digital video camera
locating IEEE 1394 port 7, 10
DIMM
See memory
directional keys 22, 23
Disk Cleanup 89
Disk Defragmenter 91
display
cleaning 85
troubleshooting 109
documentation
User Guide 2
double-clicking 25
dragging 25
drivers
re-installing 118, 121
drives
backing up files 92
CD 27
checking for errors 90, 113
checking for free space 88
defragmenting 91
DVD 27
optical 26
recordable CD 27
recordable DVD 27
troubleshooting 109, 111
DSL modem 17
connecting 9
troubleshooting 103
DVD
cleaning 86
copying 29
drive 27
inserting 26
playing 28
recording 29
troubleshooting 109
DVD drive
adding 53
identifying 27
replacing 53
See also optical drive
troubleshooting 109
E
editing buttons 21, 23
electrostatic discharge (ESD) 46
ergonomics 14
Error-checking 90, 113
Ethernet jack 9
Ethernet network
connecting 17
jack 17
expansion card
adding 69
replacing 69
external audio jack 9, 10
F
fan
replacing 59, 62
variable-speed 18
files
backing up 92
deleting 89
finding 97
opening 25
transferring 96
troubleshooting 111
types 96
finding
files 97
files and folders 96
Firewire port 7, 10, 34
folders
opening 25
fragmentation 91
front bezel
removing 50
replacing 50
front I/O panel
replacing 67
function keys 21, 23
G
Gateway
contact information 3
model number 3,
1 3 9
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Index
hard drive 57
heat sink 65
memory 51
memory card reader 55
peripheral devices 34
power supply 64
printer 34
processor 65
rear fan 62
H
scanner 34
hard drive
side panel 47
adding 57
system battery 72
backing up files 92
system board 73
checking for errors 90, 113
Internet
checking for free space 88
buttons 21, 23
defragmenting 91
troubleshooting
102, 105
deleting files and folders 89
replacing 57
scanning for errors 90, 113 J
troubleshooting 111
jacks
See connections
headphone jack 7, 10
heat sink
K
replacing 65
keyboard
Hibernate mode 7
buttons 21, 22
hot-swapping 34
cleaning 85
features 21, 22
I
PS/2 port 10
IBM Microdrive 30
troubleshooting 111
IEEE 10
USB port 7, 10
IEEE 1394 port 7, 10, 34
keys and buttons
application 22, 23
indicators
arrow 22, 23
Caps Lock 22, 23
audio playback 21, 23
Num Lock 22, 23
directional 22, 23
numeric keypad 22, 23
editing 21, 23
Scroll Lock 22, 23
function 21, 23
installing
Internet 21, 23
battery 72
mouse 24
CD drive 53
navigation 21, 23
devices 34
numeric 22, 23
digital camera 34
sleep 23
digital video camera 34
Windows 22, 23
DVD drive 53
expansion card 69
L
front bezel 49
front fan 59
labels
front I/O panel 67
Microsoft Certificate of
126
serial number 3, 126
Support 2
Gateway Recovery Center
re-installing drivers 121
re-installing programs 121
re-installing software 121
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Authenticity 3
model number 3, 126
serial number 3, 126
LCD panel
cleaning 85
troubleshooting 107, 109
lights
See indicators
line in jack 9, 10
line out jack 10
supported 30
removing card 31
replacing 55
using 30
Memory Stick 30
microphone jack 7, 9
Microsoft Certificate of
Authenticity 3
model number 3, 126
modem
cable 17
M
connecting 17
dial-up 17
maintenance
DSL 17
backing up files 92
jack 17
BigFix 87
modem jack 10
checking for drive errors
90, 113
monitor
checking hard drive space
cleaning 85
88
setting up multiple 38
cleaning case 84
troubleshooting 107
cleaning CD 86
mouse
cleaning computer display
buttons 24
85
changing settings 25
cleaning computer screen
cleaning 85
85
clicking 25
cleaning DVD 86
double-clicking 25
cleaning keyboard 85
moving pointer 24, 25
cleaning monitor 85
moving screen objects 25
cleaning mouse 85
opening files, folders, and
cleaning optical disc 86
programs 25
defragmenting 91
pointer 24
deleting files 89
PS/2 port 9
extending computer life 83
right-clicking 25
suggested schedule 82
scroll wheel 25
using Task Scheduler 94
selecting screen objects 25
media reader
troubleshooting 110
See memory card reader
USB port 7, 10
memory
moving
adding 51
files from old computer 95,
installing 51
96
replacing 51
pointer 24, 25
troubleshooting 113
screen objects 25
settings from old computer
memory card reader
95
inserting card 30
locating 6
MP3 player
memory card types
memory cards 30
141
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Index
multimedia
adjusting volume 31
playing Blu-ray 29
playing DVD 28
using Windows Media
Player 28, 29
MultiMediaCard 30
muting sound 31
N
navigation keys 21, 23
network
jack 9, 17
troubleshooting 106
numeric keypad 22, 23
indicator 22, 23
O
opening
computer case 47
files 25
folders 25
front bezel 49
programs 25
shortcut menu 25
optical connection 9
optical drive
eject button 26
eject hole 26
indicator 26
inserting disc 26
using 26
P
Pad Lock indicator 22, 23
password
troubleshooting 114
PDA
memory cards 30
peripheral devices 34
playing
audio CD 28
Blu-ray Disc 29
DVD 28
142
Plug and Play devices
IEEE 1394 support for
USB support for 34
pointer
moving 24, 25
ports
See connections
power
button 7
connector 9
Hibernate mode 7
source problems 16
Standby/Resume 7
troubleshooting 107
turning off computer
turning on computer
power button 7
power supply
replacing 64
printer
installing 34
setting default 108
troubleshooting 108
USB port 7, 10
processor
replacing 65
programs
closing unresponsive
opening 25
re-installing 118, 121
PS/2 port
keyboard 10
mouse 9
34
19
18
20
R
RAID
configuring 43
creating volume 43
deleting volume 43
help information 44
preparing computer 42
setting up 39
RAID 0 39
RAID 1 40
RAID 10 41
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RAID 5 41
RAM
See memory
rebooting computer 20
recordable drive 6
recording
audio files 29
optical discs 29
recovering
defaults 123
drivers 118, 121
programs 118, 121
software 118, 121
system 118
with Gateway Recovery
Center 121
with Windows System
Restore 122
re-installing
defaults 123
drivers 118, 121
programs 118, 121
software 118, 121
Windows 118
with Gateway Recovery
Center 121
with Windows System
Restore 122
removing files and folders 89
resetting computer 20
restarting computer 20
restoring
defaults 123
drivers 118, 121
files from Recycle Bin 111
programs 118, 121
software 118, 121
system 118
with Gateway Recovery
Center 121
with Windows System
Restore 122
Resume mode 7
right-clicking 25
S
S/PDIF out 9
safety
avoiding repetitive strain
16
general precautions 128
guidelines for
troubleshooting
100
posture 16
reducing eye strain 15
setting up computer 15
sitting at computer 14, 16
static electricity 46
scanner
installing 34
screen
troubleshooting 107
screen objects
getting information 25
moving 25
selecting 25
Scroll Lock indicator 22, 23
scroll wheel 25
Secure Digital 30
serial number 3, 126
setting up
safety precautions 128
settings
transferring 95, 96
shortcut menus
accessing 25
shortcuts
opening menu 25
shutting down computer 19, 20
side panel
removing 47
replacing 47
sleep button 23
sleep mode 18
using 19
SmartMedia 30
software
re-installing 118, 121
143
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Index
sound
adjusting 31
controls 31
muting 31
speaker jack 10
speakers
configuring 33
Standby mode 7
starting
computer 18
programs 25
starting computer 7
static electricity 46
surge protector 16
system battery
replacing 72
system board
replacing 73
system identification label 3,
126
T
Task Schdeuler 94
techinal support
Support 2
technical support
tips before contacting 126
telephone support 126
transferring
files from old computer 95,
96
settings from old computer
95
troubleshooting
add-in cards 115
cable modem 103
cards 115
CD drive 109
dial-up modem 104
dial-up modem speed 105
display 109
DSL modem 103
DVD drive 109
Ethernet network 106
files 111
144
general guidelines 100
hard drive 111
Internet connection 102,
105
keyboard 111
LCD panel 107, 109
memory 113
memory card reader 110
monitor 107
mouse 110
network 106
passwords 114
power 107
printer 108
safety guidelines 100
screen 107, 109
screen area 107
screen resolution 107
technical support 126
telephone support 126
turning off computer 7, 19, 20
turning on computer 7, 18
U
uninterruptible power supply
(UPS) 16
updating
Windows 86
UPS 16
USB port 7, 10, 34
V
video
playing 28, 29
volume
adjusting 31
adjusting dial-up modem
105
controls 31
muting 31
W
waking computer 18
Windows
Product Key Code 3
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Windows Easy Transfer 95
Windows key 22, 23
Windows System Restore 118
Windows Update 86
wired Ethernet
troubleshooting 106
working safely 14
X
xD 30
Z
Zip drive 92
145
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Index
146
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MAN BTX FX EREC HW REF GDE R0 5/08
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