Generac Power Systems 55 Portable Generator User Manual

Generac Power Systems 55 Portable Generator User Manual
Diagnostic
Repair Manual
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE GENERATOR
For more information
www.guardiangenerators.com
®
QUIETPACT 55/65/75
Model 4702, 4703, 4707, 4705, 4706, 4707
SAFETY
Throughout this publication, "DANGER!" and "CAUTION!" blocks are used to alert the mechanic to special
instructions concerning a particular service or operation that might be hazardous if performed incorrectly or
carelessly. PAY CLOSE ATTENTION TO THEM.
DANGER! UNDER THIS HEADING WILL BE FOUND SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS WHICH, IF NOT COMPLIED
WITH, COULD RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
CAUTION! Under this heading will be found special instructions which, if not complied with, could result in damage to equipment and/or property.
These "Safety Alerts" alone cannot eliminate the hazards that they signal. Strict compliance with these special Instructions plus "common sense" are major accident prevention measures.
NOTICE TO USERS OF THIS MANUAL
This SERVICE MANUAL has been written and published by Generac to aid our dealers' mechanics and company service personnel when servicing the products described herein.
It is assumed that these personnel are familiar with the servicing procedures for these products, or like or
similar products manufactured and marketed by Generac. That they have been trained in the recommended
servicing procedures for these products, including the use of common hand tools and any special Generac
tools or tools from other suppliers.
Generac could not possibly know of and advise the service trade of all conceivable procedures by which a
service might be performed and of the possible hazards and/or results of each method. We have not undertaken any such wide evaluation. Therefore, anyone who uses a procedure or tool not recommended by
Generac must first satisfy himself that neither his nor the products safety will be endangered by the service
procedure selected.
All information, illustrations and specifications in this manual are based on the latest product information
available at the time of publication.
When working on these products, remember that the electrical system and engine ignition system are capable of violent and damaging short circuits or severe electrical shocks. If you intend to perform work where
electrical terminals could be grounded or touched, the battery cables should be disconnected at the battery.
Any time the intake or exhaust openings of the engine are exposed during service, they should be covered to
prevent accidental entry of foreign material. Entry of such materials will result in extensive damage when the
engine Is started.
During any maintenance procedure, replacement fasteners must have the same measurements and strength
as the fasteners that were removed. Metric bolts and nuts have numbers that indicate their strength.
Customary bolts use radial lines to indicate strength while most customary nuts do not have strength markings. Mismatched or incorrect fasteners can cause damage, malfunction and possible injury.
REPLACEMENT PARTS
Components on Generac recreational vehicle generators are designed and manufactured to comply with
Recreational Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) Rules and Regulations to minimize the risk of fire or explosion. The use of replacement parts that are not in compliance with such Rules and Regulations could result
in a fire or explosion hazard. When servicing this equipment, It is extremely important that all components be
properly installed and tightened. If Improperly Installed and tightened, sparks could Ignite fuel vapors from
fuel system leaks.
Table of Contents
SAFETY ............................ INSIDE FRONT COVER
SECTION 1:
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS ...................... 3-7
MAGNETISM ................................................................
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS ....................................
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION ..............................
A SIMPLE AC GENERATOR ........................................
A MORE SOPHISTICATED AC GENERATOR ............
FIELD BOOST ..............................................................
GENERATOR AC CONNECTION SYSTEM ................
3
3
3
4
4
6
6
SECTION 2:
MAJOR GENERATOR COMPONENTS ............ 8-11
ROTOR ASSEMBLY ...................................................... 8
STATOR ASSEMBLY .................................................... 8
BRUSH HOLDER .......................................................... 9
BATTERY CHARGE COMPONENTS .......................... 9
EXCITATION CIRCUIT COMPONENTS ...................... 9
CRANKCASE BREATHER .......................................... 10
SECTION 3:
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTS .............. 12-14
EFFECTS OF DIRT AND MOISTURE ........................
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTERS ......................
DRYING THE GENERATOR ......................................
CLEANING THE GENERATOR ..................................
STATOR INSULATION RESISTANCE ........................
TESTING ROTOR INSULATION ................................
THE MEGOHMMETER ..............................................
12
12
12
12
13
14
14
SECTION 4:
MEASURING ELECTRICITY .......................... 15-17
METERS ......................................................................
THE VOM ....................................................................
MEASURING AC VOLTAGE ......................................
MEASURING DC VOLTAGE ......................................
MEASURING AC FREQUENCY ................................
MEASURING CURRENT ............................................
MEASURING RESISTANCE ......................................
ELECTRICAL UNITS ..................................................
OHM’S LAW ................................................................
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
SECTION 5:
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM ................ 18-26
INTRODUCTION ........................................................ 18
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS .................................. 18-23
ENGINE CONTROLLER CIRCUIT BOARD ................ 24
BATTERY .................................................................... 24
7.5 AMP FUSE ............................................................ 25
FUEL PRIMER SWITCH ............................................ 25
START-STOP SWITCH .............................................. 25
STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
& STARTER MOTOR ................................................ 26
SECTION 6:
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS .................... 27-37
IF PROBLEM INVOLVES AC OUTPUT ...................... 27
PROBLEM 1 VOLTAGE & FREQUENCY ARE BOTH
HIGH OR LOW ............................................................ 27
PROBLEM 2 GENERATOR PRODUCES ZERO VOLTAGE OR
RESIDUAL VOLTAGE (5-12 VAC) ........................ 28-29
PROBLEM 3 NO BATTERY CHARGE OUTPUT .............................. 29
PROBLEM 4 EXCESSIVE VOLTAGE/FREQUENCY DROOP
WHEN LOAD IS APPLIED .......................................... 30
PROBLEM 5 PRIMING FUNCTION DOES NOT WORK
(GASOLINE MODELS) ................................................ 30
PROBLEM 6 ENGINE WILL NOT CRANK ...................................... 31
PROBLEM 7 ENGINE CRANKS BUT WILL NOT START
(GASOLINE UNITS) .................................................... 32
PROBLEM 7 ENGINE CRANKS BUT WILL NOT START
(LP UNITS) .................................................................. 33
PROBLEM 8 ENGINE STARTS HARD AND RUNS ROUGH
(GASOLINE UNITS) .................................................... 34
PROBLEM 8 ENGINE STARTS HARD AND RUNS ROUGH
(LP UNITS) .................................................................. 34
PROBLEM 9 ENGINE STARTS THEN SHUTS DOWN .................. 36
PROBLEM 10 7.5 AMP (F1) FUSE BLOWING .................................. 37
SECTION 7:
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS ...................................... 38-67
INTRODUCTION ........................................................
TEST 1 Check No-Load Voltage And Frequency ......................
TEST 2 Check Engine Governor ..............................................
TEST 3 Test Excitation Circuit Breaker ....................................
TEST 4 Fixed Excitation Test/Rotor Amp Draw ........................
TEST 5 Wire Continuity ............................................................
TEST 6 Check Field Boost ........................................................
TEST 7 Test Stator DPE Winding..............................................
TEST 8 Check Sensing Leads/Power Windings ......................
38
38
38
39
39
40
41
41
42
Page 1
Table of Contents
TEST 9 Check Brush Leads ......................................................
TEST 10 Check Brushes & Slip Rings ........................................
TEST 11 Check Rotor Assembly ................................................
TEST 12 Check Main Circuit Breaker ..........................................
TEST 13 Check Load Voltage & Frequency ................................
TEST 14 Check Load Watts & Amperage ..................................
TEST 15 Check Battery Charge Output ......................................
TEST 16 Check Battery Charge Rectifier ....................................
TEST 17 Check Battery Charge Windings/
Battery Charge Resistor ..............................................
TEST 18 Try Cranking the Engine ..............................................
TEST 19 Test Primer Switch........................................................
TEST 20 Check Fuel Pump ........................................................
TEST 21 Check 7.5 Amp Fuse ....................................................
TEST 22 Check Battery & Cables................................................
TEST 23 Check Power Supply to Circuit Board ..........................
TEST 24 Check Start-Stop Switch ..............................................
TEST 25 Check Power Supply to Wire 56 ..................................
TEST 26 Check Starter Contactor Relay ....................................
TEST 26A Check Starter Contactor ..............................................
TEST 27 Check Starter Motor ....................................................
TEST 28 Check Fuel Supply........................................................
TEST 29 Check Wire 14 Power Supply ......................................
TEST 30 Check Wire 18 ..............................................................
TEST 31 Check Fuel Solenoid
(Gasoline Models) ........................................................
TEST 32 Check Ignition Spark ....................................................
TEST 33 Check Spark Plugs ......................................................
TEST 34 Check and Adjust Ignition Magnetos ..........................
Page 2
43
43
44
44
45
45
45
45
TEST 35 Check Valve Adjustment ..............................................
TEST 36 Check Carburetion ......................................................
TEST 37 Check Choke Solenoid ................................................
TEST 38 Check Engine / Cylinder Leak Down Test /
Compression Test ........................................................
TEST 39 Check Oil Pressure Switch ..........................................
TEST 40 Test Oil Temperature Switch ........................................
TEST 41 Test Choke Heater ......................................................
TEST 42 Check LPG Fuel Solenoid ............................................
61
62
62
64
65
65
66
66
46
SECTION 8:
ASSEMBLY .................................................... 68-70
47
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY .............................................. 68
47
48
49
49
Enclosure/Panel Removal ........................................68
Stator Removal ........................................................ 68
Rotor Removal ........................................................ 68
Belt Tensioning ........................................................ 69
Engine Removal ...................................................... 69
Startor Removal ...................................................... 69
Flywheel/Magneto Removal .................................... 70
49
50
51
51
52
52
54
56
56
57
SECTION 9:
EXPLODED VIEWS / PART NUMBERS ........ 72-83
BASE & PULLEY DRAWING ............................................
ENCLOSURE DRAWING ................................................
SHEET METAL DRAWING ..........................................
CONTROL PANEL DRAWING ....................................
760 V-TWIN ENGINE DRAWING ................................
LP REGULATOR DRAWING ......................................
72
74
76
78
80
82
SECTION 10:
SPECIFICATIONS & CHARTS ........................ 84-86
MAJOR FEATURES AND DIMENSIONS ....................
GENERATOR SPECIFICATIONS ..............................
NOMINAL RESISTANCES OF
GENERATOR WINDINGS AT 68°F ............................
ENGINE SPEEDS AND
VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS ....................................
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS ......................................
84
85
85
86
86
57
SECTION 11:
ELECTRICAL DATA ........................................ 88-89
59
ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC AND
WIRING DIAGRAM ...................................................... 88
59
Section 1
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS
MAGNETISM
Magnetism can be used to produce electricity and
electricity can be used to produce magnetism.
Much about magnetism cannot be explained by our
present knowledge. However, there are certain patterns of behavior that are known. Application of these
behavior patterns has led to the development of generators, motors and numerous other devices that utilize magnetism to produce and use electrical energy.
See Figure 1-1. The space surrounding a magnet is
permeated by magnetic lines of force called “flux”.
These lines of force are concentrated at the magnet's
north and south poles. They are directed away from
the magnet at its north pole, travel in a loop and reenter the magnet at its south pole. The lines of force
form definite patterns which vary in intensity depending on the strength of the magnet. The lines of force
never cross one another. The area surrounding a
magnet in which its lines of force are effective is
called a “magnetic field”.
Like poles of a magnet repel each other, while unlike
poles attract each other.
NOTE: The “right hand rule” is based on the “current flow” theory which assumes that current
flows from positive to negative. This is opposite
the “electron” theory, which states that current
flows from negative to positive.
Figure 1-2. – The Right Hand Rule
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
Figure 1-1. – Magnetic Lines of Force
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
All conductors through which an electric current Is
flowing have a magnetic field surrounding them. This
field is always at right angles to the conductor. If a
compass is placed near the conductor, the compass
needle will move to a right angle with the conductor.
The following rules apply:
• The greater the current flow through the conductor,
the stronger the magnetic field around the conductor.
• The increase in the number of lines of force is
directly proportional to the increase in current flow
and the field is distributed along the full length of
the conductor.
• The direction of the lines of force around a conductor can be determined by what is called the “right
hand rule”. To apply this rule, place your right hand
around the conductor with the thumb pointing in the
direction of current flow. The fingers will then be
pointing in the direction of the lines of force.
An electromotive force (EMF) or voltage can be produced in a conductor by moving the conductor so that
it cuts across the lines of force of a magnetic field.
Similarly, if the magnetic lines of force are moved so
that they cut across a conductor, an EMF (voltage)
will be produced in the conductor. This is the basic
principal of the revolving field generator.
Figure 1-3, below, illustrates a simple revolving field
generator. The permanent magnet (Rotor) is rotated
so that its lines of magnetic force cut across a coil of
wires called a Stator. A voltage is then induced into
the Stator windings. If the Stator circuit is completed
by connecting a load (such as a light bulb), current
will flow in the circuit and the bulb will light.
Figure 1-3. – A Simple Revolving Field Generator
Page 3
Section 1
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS
A SIMPLE AC GENERATOR
Figure 1-4 shows a very simple AC Generator. The
generator consists of a rotating magnetic field called
a ROTOR and a stationary coil of wire called a STATOR. The ROTOR is a permanent magnet which consists of a SOUTH magnetic pole and a NORTH magnetic pole.
As the MOTOR turns, its magnetic field cuts across
the stationary STATOR. A voltage is induced Into the
STATOR windings. When the magnet's NORTH pole
passes the STATOR, current flows in one direction.
Current flows in the opposite direction when the magnet's SOUTH pole passes the STATOR. This constant reversal of current flow results in an alternating
current (AC) waveform that can be diagrammed as
shown in Figure 1-5.
The ROTOR may be a 2-pole type having a single
NORTH and a single SOUTH magnetic pole. Some
ROTORS are 4-pole type with two SOUTH and two
NORTH magnetic poles. The following apply:
1. The 2-pole ROTOR must be turned at 3600 rpm to produce an
AC frequency of 60 Hertz, or at 3000 rpm to deliver an AC frequency of 50 Hertz.
2. The 4-pole ROTOR must operate at 1800 rpm to deliver a 60
Hertz AC frequency or at 1500 rpm to deliver a 50 Hertz AC
frequency.
Figure 1-5. – Alternating Current Sine Wave
A MORE SOPHISTICATED AC GENERATOR
Figure 1-6 represents a more sophisticated generator. A regulated direct current is delivered into the
ROTOR windings via carbon BRUSHES AND SLIP
RINGS. This results in the creation of a regulated
magnetic field around the ROTOR. As a result, a regulated voltage is induced into the STATOR.
Regulated current delivered to the ROTOR is called
“EXCITATION” current.
Figure 1-6. – A More Sophisticated Generator
Figure 1-4. – A Simple AC Generator
Page 4
See Figure 1-7 (next page). The revolving magnetic
field (ROTOR) is driven by the engine at a constant
speed. This constant speed is maintained by a
mechanical engine governor. Units with a 2-pole rotor
require an operating speed of 3600 rpm to deliver a
60 Hertz AC output. Engine governors are set to
maintain approximately 3720 rpm when no electrical
loads are connected to the generator.
Section 1
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS
Figure 1-7. – Generator Operating Diagram
NOTE: AC output frequency at 3720 rpm will be
about 62 Hertz. The “No-Load” is set slightly high
to prevent excessive rpm, frequency and voltage
droop under heavy electrical loading.
Generator operation may be described briefly as follows:
1. Some “residual” magnetism is normally present in the Rotor
and is sufficient to induce approximately 7 to 12 volts AC Into
the STATOR's AC power windings.
2. During startup, an engine controller circuit board delivers battery voltage to the ROTOR, via the brushes and slip rings.
a.
b.
The battery voltage is called “Field Boost”.
Flow of direct current through the ROTOR
increases the strength of the magnetic field
above that of “residual” magnetism alone.
3. “Residual” plus “Field Boost” magnetism induces a voltage into
the Stator excitation (DPE), battery charge and AC Power
windings.
4. Excitation winding unregulated AC output is delivered to an
electronic voltage regulator, via an excitation circuit breaker.
a.
b.
c.
A “Reference” voltage has been preset into
the Voltage Regulator.
An “Actual” (“sensing”) voltage is delivered
to the Voltage Regulator via sensing leads
from the Stator AC power windings.
The Regulator “compares” the actual (sensing) voltage to its pre-set reference voltage.
(1) If the actual (sensing) voltage is greater
than the pre-set reference voltage, the
Regulator will decrease the regulated current flow to the Rotor.
(2) If the actual (sensing) voltage is less
than the pre-set reference voltage, the
Regulator will increase the regulated current flow to the Rotor.
(3) In the manner described, the Regulator
maintains an actual (sensing) voltage that is
equal to the pre-set reference voltage.
NOTE: The Voltage Regulator also changes the
Stator excitation windings alternating current
(AC) output to direct current (DC).
5. When an electrical load is connected across the Stator power
windings, the circuit is completed and an electrical current will
flow.
6. The Rotor's magnetic field also induces a voltage Into the
Stator battery charge windings.
a.
b.
c.
Battery charge winding AC output is delivered to a battery charge rectifier (BCR)
which changes the AC to direct current
(DC).
The rectified DC is then delivered to the unit
battery, to maintain the battery in a charged
state.
A 1 ohm, 25 watt Resistor is installed in
series with the grounded side of the battery
charge circuit.
Page 5
Section 1
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS
FIELD BOOST
When the engine is cranked during startup, the
engine's starter contactor is energized closed. Battery
current is then delivered to the starter motor and the
engine cranks.
Closure of the starter contactor contacts also delivers
battery voltage to Pin 13 of an Engine Controller circuit board. The battery current flows through a 47
ohm, 2 watt resistor and a field boost diode, then to
the Rotor via brushes and slip rings. This is called
“Field Boost” current.
Field boost current is delivered to the Rotor only while
the engine is cranking. The effect is to “flash the field”
every time the engine is cranked. Field boost current
helps ensure that sufficient “pickup” voltage is available on every startup to turn the Voltage Regulator on
and build AC output voltage.
NOTE: Loss of the Field Boost function may or
may not result in loss of AC power winding output. If Rotor residual magnetism alone is sufficient to turn the Regulator on loss of Field Boost
may go unnoticed. However, If residual magnetism alone Is not enough to turn the Regulator on,
loss of the Field Boost function will result In loss
of AC power winding output to the load. The AC
output voltage will then drop to a value commensurate with the Rotor's residual magnetism (about
7-12 VAC).
GENERATOR AC CONNECTION SYSTEM
These air-cooled generator sets are equipped with
dual stator AC power windings. These two stator windings supply electrical power to customer electrical
loads by means of a dual 2-wire connection system.
Generators may be installed to provide the following
outputs:
1. 120 VAC loads only — one load with a maximum total wattage
requirement equal to the generator’s rated power output (in
watts), and 120V across the generator output terminals. Figure
1.8, page 7, shows the generator lead wire connections for
120VAC ONLY.
2. 120/240 VAC loads — one load with a maximum total wattage
requirement equal to the generator’s rated power output, and
240V across the generator output terminals; or two separate
loads, each with a maximum total wattage requirement equal to
half of the generator’s rated power output (in watts), and 120V
across the generator output terminals. Figure 1.9 on page 7,
shows the generator lead wire connections for 120/240 VAC
loads.
Page 6
You can use your generator set to supply electrical
power for operating one of the following electrical
loads:
• QUIETPACT 55G & LP: 120 and/or 240 volts, single phase, 60 Hz electrical loads. These loads can
require up to 5500 watts (5.5 kW) of total power,
but cannot exceed 45.8 AC amperes of current at
120 volts or exceed 22.9 AC amperes at 240 volts.
• QUIETPACT 65G & LP: 120 and/or 240 volts, single phase, 60 Hz electrical loads. These loads can
require up to 6500 watts (6.5 kW) of total power,
but cannot exceed 54.1 AC amperes of current at
120 volts or exceed 27 AC amperes at 240 volts.
• QUIETPACT 75G & LP: 120 and/or 240 volts, single phase, 60 Hz electrical loads. These loads can
require up to 7500 watts (7.5 kW) of total power,
but cannot exceed 62.5 AC amperes of current at
120 volts or exceed 31.2 AC amperes at 240 volts.
CAUTION! Do not overload the generator. Some
installations may require that electrical loads be
alternated to avoid overloading. Applying excessively high electrical loads may damage the generator and may shorten its life. Add up the rated
watts of all electrical lighting, appliance, tool and
motor loads the generator will power at one time.
This total should not be greater than the wattage
capacity of the generator. If an electrical device
nameplate gives only volts and amps, multiply
volts times amps to obtain watts (volts x amps =
watts). Some electric motors require more watts
of power (or amps of current) for starting than for
continuous operation.
LINE BREAKERS (120 VOLTS ONLY):
Protects generator’s AC output circuit against
overload, i.e., prevents unit from exceeding
wattage/amperage capacity. The circuit breaker ratings are as follows:
Model
Circuit Breaker 1
Circuit Breaker 2
QuietPact 55
30A
20A
QuietPact 65
30A
30A
QuietPact 75
35A
35A
Section 1
GENERATOR FUNDAMENTALS
Figure 1-8. – Connection for 120 Volts Only
RECONNECTION FOR DUAL VOLTAGE OUTPUT:
When connected for dual voltage output, Stator output leads 11P and 44 form two “hot” leads (T1- Red
and T3- Black). The junction of leads 22P and 33
form the “Neutral” line (T2- White).
For dual voltage output, the “Neutral” line remains
grounded.
NOTE: For units with two 30 amp or two 35 amp
main breakers, the existing breakers may be reused when reconnecting for dual voltage output.
However, on units with a 30 amp and a 20 amp
main breaker, you may wish to install a 2-pole
breaker that is rated closer to the unit’s rated
capacity (use two 25 amp main breakers).
Figure 1-9 - Connection for 120/240 Volts
NOTE: If this generator has been reconnected for
dual voltage AC output (120/240 volts), the
replacement line breakers should consist of two
separate breakers with a connecting piece
between the breaker handles (so that both breakers operate at the same time). If the unit is reconnected for dual voltage, it is no longer RVIA listed.
Page 7
Section 2
MAJOR GENERATOR COMPONENTS
Figure 2-1. Exploded View of Generator
ROTOR ASSEMBLY
STATOR ASSEMBLY
The Rotor is sometimes called the “revolving field”,
since it provides the magnetic field that induces a
voltage into the stationary Stator windings. Slip rings
on the Rotor shaft allow excitation current from the
voltage regulator to be delivered to the Rotor windings. The Rotor is driven by the engine at a constant
speed through a pulley and belt arrangement.
All generator models in this manual utilize a 2-pole
Rotor, i.e., one having a single north and a single
south pole. This type of Rotor must be driven at 3600
rpm for a 60 Hertz AC output, or at 3000 rpm for a 50
Hertz output.
Slip rings may be cleaned. If dull or tarnished, clean
them with fine sandpaper (a 400 grit wet sandpaper is
recommended). DO NOT USE ANY METALLIC GRIT
OR ABRASIVE TO CLEAN SLIP RINGS.
The Stator is “sandwiched” between the upper and
lower bearing carriers and retained in that position by
four Stator studs. Windings Included in the Stator
assembly are (a) dual AC power windings, (b) an
excitation or DPE winding, and (c) a battery charge
winding. A total of eleven (11) leads are brought out
of the Stator as follows:
1. Four (4) Stator power winding output leads (Wires No. 11P,
22P, 33 and 44). These leads deliver power to connected electrical loads.
Page 8
2. Stator Power winding “sensing” leads (11S and 22S). These
leads deliver an “actual voltage signal to the electronic Voltage
Regulator.
Section 2
MAJOR GENERATOR COMPONENTS
3. Two excitation winding output leads (No. 2 and 6). These leads
deliver unregulated excitation current to the voltage regulator.
via the rectifier, a 7.5 amp fuse and Wire No. 13. A 1
ohm, 25 watt resistor is connected in series with the
grounded side of the circuit.
4. Three (3) battery charge output leads (No. 55, 66 and 77).
Figure 2-4. – Battery Charge Circuit
Figure 2-2. – Stator Output Leads
BRUSH HOLDER
The brush holder is retained in the rear bearing carrier by two M5 screws. It retains two brushes, which
contact the Rotor slip rings and allow current flow
from stationary parts to the revolving Rotor. The positive (+) brush is located nearest the Rotor bearing.
EXCITATION CIRCUIT COMPONENTS
GENERAL:
During operation, the Rotor's magnetic field induces a
voltage and current flow into the Stator excitation
winding. The resultant AC output is delivered to a
voltage regulator via an excitation circuit breaker
(CB3).
Figure 2-3. – Brush Holder
Figure 2-5. – Schematic: Excitation Circuit
BATTERY CHARGE COMPONENTS
The Stator incorporates dual battery charge windings.
A battery charge rectifier (BCR) changes the AC output of these windings to direct current (DC). Battery
charge winding output is delivered to the unit battery
EXCITATION CIRCUIT BREAKER:
The excitation circuit breaker (CB3) is self-resetting
and cannot be reset manually. Should the breaker
open for any reason, excitation current flow to the
Page 9
Section 2
MAJOR GENERATOR COMPONENTS
Rotor will be lost. The unit’s AC output voltage will
then drop to a value commensurate with the Rotor's
residual magnetism (about 7-12 VAC).
Figure 2-6. – Excitation Circuit Breaker
VOLTAGE REGULATOR:
Six (6) leads are connected to the voltage regulator
as follows:
• Two (2) SENSING leads deliver ACTUAL AC output voltage signals to the regulator. These are
Wires No. 11S and 22S.
• Two (2) leads (4 and 0K) deliver the regulated
direct current to the Rotor, via brushes and slip
rings.
• Two (2) leads (No. 6 and 2A) deliver Stator excitation winding AC output to the regulator.
ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE:
With the frequency set at 62.5 Hertz and no load on
the generator, slowly turn the voltage adjust pot on
the voltage regulator until 124 VAC is measured. If
voltage is not adjustable, proceed to Section 6 Troubleshooting; Problem 2.
NOTE: If, for any reason, sensing voltage to the
regulator is lost, the regulator will shut down and
excitation output to the Rotor will be lost. The AC
output voltage will then drop to a value that is
commensurate with Rotor residual magnetism
(about 7-12 VAC). Without this automatic shutdown feature, loss of sensing (actual) voltage to
the regulator would result in a “full field” or “full
excitation” condition and an extremely high AC
output voltage.
NOTE: Adjustment of the regulator's “VOLTAGE
ADJUST” potentiometer must be done only when
the unit is running at its correct governed no-load
speed. Speed is correct when the unit's no-load
AC output frequency is about 62.5 Hertz. At the
stated frequency, AC output voltage should be
about 124 volts.
CRANKCASE BREATHER
Figure 2-7. – Voltage Regulator
Figure 2-8. – Crankcase Breather
The regulator mounts a “VOLTAGE ADJUST” potentiometer, used for adjustment of the pre-set REFERENCE voltage. A lamp (LED) will turn on to indicate
that SENSING voltage is available to the regulator
and the regulator is turned on.
DESCRIPTION:
The crankcase breather is equipped with a reed valve
to control and maintain a partial vacuum in the
crankcase. The breather is vented to the intake
Page 10
Section 2
MAJOR GENERATOR COMPONENTS
elbow. The breather chamber contains a removable
oil vapor collector. Oil vapor is condensed on the collector material and drains back into the crankcase,
which minimizes the amount of oil vapor entering the
breather.
CHECK BREATHER:
1. Disconnect breather tube and remove four screws and
breather. Discard gasket.
2. Check to see that reed valve is not deformed (Figure 2-8).
Note: Reed valve must form a complete seal
around vent hole.
3. Remove oil vapor collector and retainer.
4. Check collector for deterioration and replace if necessary.
INSTALL BREATHER:
1. Install oil vapor collector and retainer.
Note: Push oil vapor collector and retainer in until
it bottoms.
2. Install breather with new gasket (Figure 2-8).
a. Torque screws to 5-8 ft-lbs.
3. Assemble breather tube to intake elbow.
CONTROL PANEL COMPONENT IDENTIFICATION
Figure 2-9. – Control Panel Components
Page 11
Section 3
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTS
EFFECTS OF DIRT AND MOISTURE
Moisture and dirt are detrimental to the continued
good operation of any generator set.
If moisture is allowed to remain in contact with the
Stator and Rotor windings, some of the moisture will
be retained in voids and cracks of the winding
Insulation. This will result in a reduced Insulation
resistance and, eventually, the unit's AC output will be
affected.
Insulation used in the generator is moisture resistant.
However, prolonged exposure to moisture will gradually reduce the resistance of the winding insulation.
Dirt can make the problem worse, since it tends to
hold moisture Into contact with the windings. Salt, as
from sea air, contributes to the problem since salt can
absorb moisture from the air. When salt and moisture
combine, they make a good electrical conductor.
Because of the detrimental affects of dirt and moisture, the generator should be kept as clean and as
dry as possible. Rotor and Stator windings should be
tested periodically with an insulation resistance tester
(such as a megohmmeter or hi-pot tester).
If the Insulation resistance is excessively low, drying
may be required to remove accumulated moisture.
After drying, perform a second insulation resistance
test. If resistance is still low after drying, replacement
of the defective Rotor or Stator may be required.
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTERS
Figure 3-1 shows one kind of hi-pot tester. The tester
shown has a “Breakdown” lamp that will glow during
the test procedure to indicate an insulation breakdown in the winding being tested.
DANGER! INSULATION RESISTANCE
TESTERS SUCH AS HI-POT TESTERS AND
MEGOHMMETERS ARE A SOURCE OF HIGH
AND DANGEROUS ELECTRICAL VOLTAGE.
FOLLOW THE TESTER MANUFACTURER'S
INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY. USE COMMON
SENSE TO AVOID DANGEROUS ELECTRICAL SHOCK
DRYING THE GENERATOR
GENERAL:
If tests indicate the insulation resistance of a winding
is below a safe value, the winding should be dried
before operating the generator. Some recommended
drying procedures Include (a) heating units and (b)
forced air.
HEATING UNITS:
If drying is needed, the generator can be enclosed in
a covering. Heating units can then be installed to
raise the temperature about 15°-18° F. (8°-10° C.)
above ambient temperature.
FORCED AIR:
Portable forced air heaters can be used to dry the
generator. Direct the heated air into the generator’s
air intake openings. Remove the voltage regulator
and run the unit at no-load. Air temperature at the
point of entry into the generator should not exceed
150° F. (66° C.).
CLEANING THE GENERATOR
GENERAL:
The generator can be cleaned properly only while it is
disassembled. The cleaning method used should be
determined by the type of dirt to be removed. Be sure
to dry the unit after it has been cleaned.
NOTE: A shop that repairs electric motors may be
able to assist you with the proper cleaning of generator windings. Such shops are often experienced In special problems such as a sea coast
environment, marine or wetland applications,
mining, etc.
Figure 3-1. – One Type of Hi-Pot Tester
Page 12
USING SOLVENTS FOR CLEANING:
If dirt contains oil or grease a solvent is generally
required. Only petroleum distillates should be used to
clean electrical components. Recommended are
safety type petroleum solvents having a flash point
greater than 100° F. (38° C.).
Section 3
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTS
CAUTION!: Some generators may use epoxy or
polyester base winding varnishes. Use solvents
that will not attack such materials.
Use a soft brush or cloth to apply the solvent. Be careful to avoid damage to wire or winding insulation. After
cleaning, dry all components thoroughly using moisture-free, low-pressure compressed air.
DANGER!: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO WORK WITH
SOLVENTS IN ANY ENCLOSED AREA. PROVIDE ADEQUATE VENTILATION WHEN
WORKING WITH SOLVENTS. WITHOUT ADEQUATE VENTILATION, FIRE, EXPLOSION OR
HEALTH HAZARDS MAY EXIST . WEAR EYE
PROTECTION. WEAR RUBBER GLOVES TO
PROTECT THE HANDS.
STATOR SHORT-TO-GROUND TESTS:
See Figure 3-2. To test the Stator for a short-toground condition, proceed as follows:
1. Disconnect and Isolate all Stator leads as follows:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
CLOTH OR COMPRESSED AIR:
For small parts or when dry dirt is to be removed, a
dry cloth may be satisfactory. Wipe the parts clean,
then use low pressure air at 30 psi (206 Kpa) to blow
dust away.
BRUSHING AND VACUUM CLEANING:
Brushing with a soft bristle brush followed by vacuum
cleaning is a good method of removing dust and dirt.
Use the soft brush to loosen the dirt, then remove it
with the vacuum.
g.
2. When all leads have been disconnected as outlined in Step 1
above, test for a short-to-ground condition as follows:
a.
b.
STATOR INSULATION RESISTANCE
GENERAL:
Insulation resistance is a measure of the Integrity of
the insulating materials that separate electrical windings from the generator's steel core. This resistance
can degrade over time due to the presence of contaminants, dust, dirt, grease and especially moisture).
The normal Insulation resistance for generator windings is on the order of “millions of ohms” or
“megohms”.
When checking the insulation resistance, follow the
tester manufacturer's Instructions carefully. Do NOT
exceed the applied voltages recommended in this
manual. Do NOT apply the voltage longer than one
(1) second.
CAUTION!: DO NOT connect the Hi-Pot Tester
or Megohmmeter test leads to any leads that are
routed into the generator control panel. Connect
the tester leads to the Stator or Rotor leads only.
Disconnect sensing leads 11S and 22S
from the voltage regulator.
Disconnect excitation winding lead No. 6
from the voltage regulator.
Disconnect excitation lead No. 2 from the
excitation circuit breaker (CB3).
Disconnect battery charge winding leads
No. 66 and 77 from the battery charge rectifier (BCR).
Disconnect battery charge winding lead No.
55 from the battery charge resistor (R1).
At the main circuit breakers, disconnect AC
power leads No. 11P and 33.
At the 4-tab ground terminal (GT), disconnect Stator power leads No. 22P and 44.
Connect the terminal ends of all Stator
leads together (11S, 22S, 11P, 22P, 33, 44,
2,6, 55, 66, 77).
Follow the tester manufacturer's instructions
carefully. Connect the tester leads across
all Stator leads and to frame ground on the
Stator can. Apply a voltage of 1500 volts.
Do NOT apply voltage longer than one (1)
second.
If the test Indicates a breakdown in Insulation, the
Stator should be cleaned, dried and re-tested. If the
winding fails the second test (after cleaning and drying), replace the Stator assembly.
TEST BETWEEN ISOLATED WINDINGS:
1. Follow the tester manufacturer's instructions carefully. Connect
the tester test leads across Stator leads No. 11P and 2. Apply
a voltage of 1500 volts- DO NOT EXCEED 1 SECOND.
2. Repeat Step 1 with the tester leads connected across the following Stator leads:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Across Wires No. 33 and 2.
Across Wires No. 11P and 66.
Across Wires No. 33 and 66.
Across Wires No. 2 and 66.
If a breakdown in the insulation between isolated
windings is indicated, clean and dry the Stator. Then,
repeat the test. If the Stator fails the second test,
replace the Stator assembly.
Page 13
Section 3
INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTS
TEST BETWEEN PARALLEL WINDINGS:
Connect the tester leads across Stator leads No. 11P
and 33. Apply a voltage of 1500 volts. If an insulation
breakdown is indicated, clean and dry the Stator.
Then, repeat the test between parallel windings. If the
Stator fails the second test, replace it.
3. Apply 1000 volts. DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE LONGER THAN
1 SECOND.
If an insulation breakdown is indicated, clean and dry
the Rotor then repeat the test. Replace the Rotor if it
fails the second test (after cleaning and drying).
THE MEGOHMMETER
GENERAL:
A megohmmeter, often called a “megger”, consists of
a meter calibrated in megohms and a power supply.
Use a power supply of 1500 volts when testing
Stators; or 1000 volts when testing the Rotor. DO
NOT APPLY VOLTAGE LONGER THAN ONE (1)
SECOND.
Figure 3-2. – Stator Leads
TESTING ROTOR INSULATION
To test the Rotor for insulation breakdown, proceed
as follows:
1. Disconnect wires from the Rotor brushes or remove the brush
holders with brushes.
2. Connect the tester positive (+) test lead to the positive (+) slip
ring (nearest the Rotor bearing). Connect the tester negative (-)
test lead to a clean frame ground (like the Rotor shaft).
TESTING STATOR INSULATION:
All parts that might be damaged by the high megger
voltages must be disconnected before testing. Isolate
all Stator leads (Figure 3-2) and connect all of the
Stator leads together. FOLLOW THE MEGGER
MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY.
Use a megger power setting of 1500 volts. Connect
one megger test lead to the junction of all Stator
leads, the other test lead to frame ground on the
Stator can. Read the number of megohms on the
meter.
MINIMUM INSULATION
RESISTANCE
(in “Megohms”)
=
GENERATOR RATED VOLTS
__________________________
1000
+1
The MINIMUM acceptable megger reading for Stators
may be calculated using the following formula:
EXAMPLE: Generator is rated at 120 volts AC.
Divide “120” by “1000” to obtain “0.12”. Then add
“1” to obtain “1.12” megohms. Minimum
Insulation resistance for a 120 VAC Stator Is 1.12
megohms.
If the Stator insulation resistance is less than the calculated minimum resistance, clean and dry the Stator.
Then, repeat the test. If resistance is still low, replace
the Stator.
Use the Megger to test for shorts between isolated
windings as outlined “Stator Insulation Resistance”.
Also test between parallel windings. See “Test
Between Parallel Windings”on this page.
TESTING ROTOR INSULATION:
Apply a voltage of 1000 volts across the Rotor positive (+) slip ring (nearest the rotor bearing), and a
clean frame ground (i.e. the Rotor Shaft). DO NOT
EXCEED 1000 VOLTS AND DO NOT APPLY VOLTAGE LONGER THAN 1 SECOND. FOLLOW THE
MEGGER MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY.
Figure 3-3. – Rotor Test Points
ROTOR MINIMUM INSULATION RESISTANCE:
1.5 megohms
Page 14
Section 4
MEASURING ELECTRICITY
METERS
MEASURING AC VOLTAGE
Devices used to measure electrical properties are
called meters. Meters are available that allow one to
measure (a) AC voltage, (b) DC voltage, (c) AC frequency, and (d) resistance In ohms. The following
apply:
❏ To measure AC voltage, use an AC voltmeter.
❏ To measure DC voltage, use a DC voltmeter.
❏ Use a frequency meter to measure AC frequency In
“Hertz” or “cycles per second”..
❏ Use an ohmmeter to read circuit resistance, in
“ohms”.
An accurate AC voltmeter or a VOM may be used to
read the generator's AC output voltage. The following
apply:
1. Always read the generator's AC output voltage only at the
unit's rated operating speed and AC frequency.
2. The generator's voltage regulator can be adjusted for correct
output voltage only while the unit is operating at its correct
rated speed and frequency.
3. Only an AC voltmeter may be used to measure AC voltage. DO
NOT USE A DC VOLTMETER FOR THIS PURPOSE.
THE VOM
A meter that will permit both voltage and resistance to
be read is the “volt-ohm-milliammeter” or “VOM”.
Some VOM's are of the “analog” type (not shown).
These meters display the value being measured by
physically deflecting a needle across a graduated
scale. The scale used must be Interpreted by the
user.
“Digital” VOM's (Figure 4-1) are also available and
are generally very accurate. Digital meters display the
measured values directly by converting the values to
numbers.
NOTE: Standard AC voltmeters react to the AVERAGE value of alternating current. When working
with AC, the effective value is used. For that reason a different scale is used on an AC voltmeter.
The scale is marked with the effective or “rms”
value even though the meter actually reacts to the
average value. That is why the AC voltmeter will
give an Incorrect reading if used to measure
direct current (DC).
DANGER!: RV GENERATORS PRODUCE HIGH
AND DANGEROUS VOLTAGES. CONTACT
WITH HIGH VOLTAGE TERMINALS WILL
RESULT IN DANGEROUS AND POSSIBLY
LETHAL ELECTRICAL SHOCK.
MEASURING DC VOLTAGE
A DC voltmeter or a VOM may be used to measure
DC voltages. Always observe the following rules:
1. Always observe correct DC polarity.
a.
b.
Some VOM's may be equipped with a polarity switch.
On meters that do not have a polarity
switch, DC polarity must be reversed by
reversing the test leads.
2. Before reading a DC voltage, always set the meter to a higher
voltage scale than the anticipated reading. if in doubt, start at
the highest scale and adjust the scale downward until correct
readings are obtained.
3. The design of some meters is based on the “current flow” theory while others are based on the “electron flow” theory.
a.
b.
The “current flow” theory assumes that
direct current flows from the positive (+) to
the negative (-).
The “electron flow” theory assumes that
current flows from negative (-) to positive
(+).
NOTE: When testing generators, the “current
flow” theory is applied. That is, current is
assumed to flow from positive (+) to negative (-).
Figure 4-1. – Digital VOM
Page 15
Section 4
MEASURING ELECTRICITY
MEASURING AC FREQUENCY
The generator's AC output frequency is proportional
to Rotor speed. Generators equipped with a 2-pole
Rotor must operate at 3600 rpm to supply a frequency of 60 Hertz. Units with 4-pole Rotor must run at
1800 rpm to deliver 60 Hertz.
Correct engine and Rotor speed is maintained by an
engine speed governor. For models rated 60 Hertz,
the governor is generally set to maintain a no-load
frequency of about 62 Hertz with a corresponding output voltage of about 124 volts AC line-to-neutral.
Engine speed and frequency at no-load are set slightly high to prevent excessive rpm and frequency droop
under heavy electrical loading.
MEASURING CURRENT
To read the current flow, in AMPERES, a clamp-on
ammeter may be used. This type of meter indicates
current flow through a conductor by measuring the
strength of the magnetic field around that conductor.
The meter consists essentially of a current transformer with a split core and a rectifier type instrument
connected to the secondary. The primary of the current transformer is the conductor through which the
current to be measured flows. The split core allows
the Instrument to be clamped around the conductor
without disconnecting it.
Current flowing through a conductor may be measured safely and easily. A line-splitter can be used to
measure current in a cord without separating the conductors.
Figure 4-2. – Clamp-On Ammeter
Page 16
Figure 4-3. – A Line-Splitter
NOTE: If the physical size of the conductor or
ammeter capacity does not permit all lines to be
measured simultaneously, measure current flow
in each individual line. Then, add the Individual
readings.
MEASURING RESISTANCE
The volt-ohm-milliammeter may be used to measure
the resistance in a circuit. Resistance values can be
very valuable when testing coils or windings, such as
the Stator and Rotor windings.
When testing Stator windings, keep in mind that the
resistance of these windings is very low. Some
meters are not capable of reading such a low resistance and will simply read “continuity”.
If proper procedures are used, the following conditions can be detected using a VOM:
❏ A “short-to-ground” condition in any Stator or Rotor
winding.
❏ Shorting together of any two parallel Stator windings.
❏ Shorting together of any two isolated Stator windings.
❏ An open condition in any Stator or Rotor winding.
Component testing may require a specific resistance
value or a test for “infinity” or “continuity.” Infinity is an
OPEN condition between two electrical points, which
would read as no resistance on a VOM. Continuity is
a closed condition between two electrical points,
which would be indicated as very low resistance or
“ZERO” on a VOM.
Section 4
MEASURING ELECTRICITY
ELECTRICAL UNITS
AMPERE:
The rate of electron flow in a circuit is represented by
the AMPERE. The ampere is the number of electrons
flowing past a given point at a given time. One
AMPERE is equal to just slightly more than six thousand million billion electrons per second.
With alternating current (AC), the electrons flow first
in one direction, then reverse and move in the opposite direction. They will repeat this cycle at regular
intervals. A wave diagram, called a “sine wave”
shows that current goes from zero to maximum positive value, then reverses and goes from zero to maximum negative value. Two reversals of current flow is
called a cycle. The number of cycles per second is
called frequency and is usually stated in “Hertz”.
VOLT:
The VOLT is the unit used to measure electrical
PRESSURE, or the difference in electrical potential
that causes electrons to flow. Very few electrons will
flow when voltage is weak. More electrons will flow as
voltage becomes stronger. VOLTAGE may be considered to be a state of unbalance and current flow as an
attempt to regain balance. One volt is the amount of
EMF that will cause a current of 1 ampere to flow
through 1 ohm of resistance.
OHM:
The OHM is the unit of RESISTANCE. In every circuit
there is a natural resistance or opposition to the flow
of electrons. When an EMF is applied to a complete
circuit, the electrons are forced to flow in a single
direction rather than their free or orbiting pattern. The
resistance of a conductor depends on (a) its physical
makeup, (b) its cross-sectional area, (c) its length,
and (d) its temperature. As the conductor's temperature increases, its resistance increases in direct proportion. One (1) ohm of resistance will permit one (1)
ampere of current to flow when one (1) volt of electromotive force (EMF) is applied.
OHM'S LAW
A definite and exact relationship exists between
VOLTS, OHMS and AMPERES. The value of one can
be calculated when the value of the other two are
known. Ohm's Law states that in any circuit the current
will increase when voltage increases but resistance
remains the same, and current will decrease when
resistance Increases and voltage remains the same.
Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-4. – Electrical Units
If AMPERES is unknown while VOLTS and OHMS
are known, use the following formula:
AMPERES = VOLTS
OHMS
If VOLTS is unknown while AMPERES and OHMS
are known, use the following formula:
VOLTS = AMPERES x OHMS
If OHMS is unknown but VOLTS and AMPERES are
known, use the following:
VOLTS
OHMS = AMPERES
Page 17
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
INTRODUCTION
The engine DC control system includes all components necessary for the operation of the
engine. Operation includes rest, priming, cranking, starting, running and shutdown. The system
is shown schematically.
OPERATIONAL ANALYSIS
CIRCUIT CONDITION- REST:
Battery voltage is available to the engine controller circuit board (PCB) from the unit BATTERY and via (a)
the RED battery cable, Wire 13, a 7.5 amp FUSE (F1),
Wire 15 and circuit board Terminal J3. However, circuit
board action is holding the circuit open and no action
can occur.
Battery output is available to the contacts of a
STARTER CONTACTOR (SC) and STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY (SCR), but the contacts are open.
Battery voltage is also delivered to the FUEL PRIMER
SWITCH (SW2). The switch is open and the circuit is
incomplete.
Battery voltage is also available to the REMOTE FUEL
PRIMER SWITCH. The switch is open and the circuit is
incomplete.
Page 18
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT CONDITION- PRIMING:
When the FUEL PRIMER SWITCH (SW2) or the
REMOTE PANEL FUEL PRIMER is closed by the operator, battery voltage is delivered across the closed
switch contacts and to the FUEL PUMP (FP) via Wire
14A. The FUEL SOLENOID (FS) will be energized via
Wire 14 during cranking and running.
Page 19
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT CONDITION- CRANKING:
When the START-STOP-SWITCH (SW1)or REMOTE
PANEL START SWITCH is held at “START” position,
Wire 17 from the Engine controller circuit board is connected to frame Ground. Circuit board action will then
deliver battery voltage to a STARTER CONTACTOR
RELAY (SCR) via wire 56, and to a automatic CHOKE
SOLENOID (CS) via Wire 90.
When battery voltage energizes the STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY (SCR), Its contacts close and battery
output is delivered to the STARTER CONTACTOR (SC)
via Wire 16. The STARTER CONTACTOR (SC) energizes and its contacts close, battery output is delivered
to the STARTER MOTOR (SM) via Wire 16.The
STARTER MOTOR energizes and the engine cranks.
When the STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY (SCR)
closes, Battery voltage is also delivered to the circuit
board pin location J1-13 via Wire 16. This voltage is
reduced and used for field boost and is outputted from
pin location J1-9.
While cranking, the CHOKE SOLENOID (CS) is energized cyclically by circuit board action (two seconds on,
two seconds off).
Also while cranking, circuit board action energizes
CIRCUIT BOARD TERMINAL J2 and delivers battery
voltage to the Wire 14/14A circuit. This energizes the
FUEL PUMP (FP) ,FUEL SOLENOID (FS) and CHOKE
HEATER (CH) and optional light or hourmeter in
remote panel.
Circuit board action holds open Wire 18A to common
ground. The Magneto will induce a spark during cranking.
Page 20
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT CONDITION-RUNNING:
With the FUEL PUMP (FP) and FUEL SOLENOID (FS)
operating and ignition occurring, the engine should
start, and the START-STOP SWITCH (SW1) is
released.
A voltage is induced into the Stator's BATTERY
CHARGE WINDING. This voltage is delivered to the
ENGINE CONTROLLER BOARD (PCB) via Wire 66 to
prevent STARTER MOTOR engagement above a certain rpm.
Circuit board action terminates DC output to the
STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY (SCR), which then
de-energizes to end cranking. Circuit board action terminates DC output to the CHOKE SOLENOID (CS).
The choke will go to a position determined by the
CHOKE HEATER (CH).
The LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH (LOP) is normally closed. After start-up, engine oil pressure
will open the LOP.
Page 21
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT CONDITION- SHUTDOWN:
Setting the START-STOP SWITCH (SW1) or the
REMOTE PANEL START-STOP SWITCH to its
“STOP” position connects the Wire 18 circuit to frame
ground. Circuit board action then closes the circuit to
Wire 18A, grounding the ignition magneto. Circuit
board action de-energizes DC output to Terminal J2.
The FUEL PUMP (FP), FUEL SOLENOID (FS) and
CHOKE HEATER (CH) are de-energized by the loss
of DC to Wire 14. Ignition and fuel flow terminate and
the engine shuts down.
Page 22
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
CIRCUIT CONDITION- FAULT SHUTDOWN:
The engine mounts a HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH (HTO) and a LOW OIL PRESSURE SWITCH (LOP).
Should engine oil temperature exceed a preset value, the switch contacts will close. Wire
85 from the circuit board will connect to frame
ground. Circuit board action will then initiate a
shutdown.
Should engine oil pressure drop below a safe
pre-set value, the switch contacts will close.
On contact closure, Wire 85 will be connected
to frame ground and circuit board action will
initiate an engine shutdown.
The circuit board has a time delay built into it
for the Wire 85 fault shutdowns. At STARTUP
ONLY the circuit board will wait approximately
6 seconds before looking at the Wire 85 fault
shutdowns. Once running after the 6 second
time delay, grounding Wire 85 thru either
switch will cause an immediate shutdown.
Page 23
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
ENGINE CONTROLLER CIRCUIT BOARD
GENERAL:
The engine controller board is responsible for cranking, startup, running and shutdown operations. The
board interconnects with other components of the DC
control system to turn them on and off at the proper
times. It is powered by fused 12 VDC power from the
unit battery.
a.
b.
c.
d.
To operate the electric Fuel Pump (FP).
To energize the Fuel Solenoid.
To operate the Choke Heater.
To the Remote Wire Harness to operate an
hourmeter or a light.
2. Wire 15 connects to Terminal J3. This is the power supply (12
VDC) for the circuit board and the DC control system.
CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTIONS:
The circuit board mounts a 15-pin receptacle (J1) and
two single pin terminals (J2 and J3, see Figure 5.3).
Figure 5-2 shows the 15-pin receptacle (J1), the associated wires and the function(s) of each pin and wire.
PIN
WIRE FUNCTION
1
56
Delivers 12 VDC to Starter Contactor (SC)
while cranking only.
2
90
Delivers 12 VDC to Choke Solenoid coil
while cranking only. (Two seconds ON, Two
seconds OFF)
3
—
Not used.
4
18A
5
—
Not used.
6
17
To Start-Stop switch. When wire is grounded
by setting Start-Stop switch to “START”,
engine will crank.
7
17
To Start-Stop switch on optional Remote
Panel.
8
—
Not used.
9
4
Field Boost DC to Voltage Regulator and to
Rotor windings.
10
66
Starter Lockout. Prevents cranking while
engine is running.
11
85
Fault shutdown circuit. When grounded by closure of High Oil Temperature or Low Oil
Pressure Switch engine will shut down.
Grounds Magneto for Shutdown.
12
0
Common Ground.
13
16
12 VDC Input to Field Boost circuit while
cranking only.
14
18
To Start-Stop switch. When grounded by setting Switch to “STOP” engine shuts down.
15
18
To Start-Stop Switch on optional Remote Panel.
Figure 5-2. – Receptacle J1
In addition to the 15-pin receptacle (J1), the circuit
board is equipped with two single pin terminals (J2
and J3). These terminals may be identified as follows:
1. Wire 14 connects to Terminal J2. During cranking and running,
the circuit board delivers battery voltage to the Wire 14 circuit
for the following functions:
Page 24
Figure 5-3. – Engine Controller Circuit Board
BATTERY
RECOMMENDED BATTERY:
When anticipated ambient temperatures will be consistently above 32° F. (0° C.), use a 12 volts automotive type storage battery rated 70 amp-hours and
capable of delivering at least 400 cold cranking
amperes.
If ambient temperatures will be below 32° (0° C.), use
a 12 volt battery rated 95 amp-hours and having a
cold cranking capacity of 400 amperes.
BATTERY CABLES:
Use of battery cables that are too long or too small in
diameter will result in excessive voltage drop. For
best cold weather starting, voltage drop between the
battery and starter should not exceed 0.12 volt per
100 amperes of cranking current.
Select the battery cables based on total cable length
and prevailing ambient temperature. Generally, the
longer the cable and the colder the weather, the larger the required cable diameter.
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
The following chart applies:
CABLE LENGTH (IN FEET)
0-10
11-15
16-20
RECOMMENDED CABLE SIZE
No. 2
No. 0
No. 000
EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE:
Battery efficiency is greatly reduced by a decreased
electrolyte temperature. Such low temperatures have
a decided numbing effect on the electrochemical
action. Under high discharge rates (such as cranking), battery voltage will drop to much lower values in
cold temperatures than in warmer temperatures. The
freezing point of battery electrolyte fluid is affected by
the state of charge of the electrolyte as indicated
below:
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
1.220
1.200
1.160
FREEZING POINT
-35° F. (-37° C.)
--20° F. (-29° C.)
0° F. (-18° C.)
ADDING WATER:
Water is lost from a battery as a result of charging
and discharging and must be replaced. If the water is
not replaced and the plates become exposed, they
may become permanently sulfated. In addition, the
plates cannot take full part in the battery action unless
they are completely immersed in electrolyte. Add only
DISTILLED WATER to the battery. DO NOT USE
TAP WATER.
NOTE: Water cannot be added to some “maintenance-free” batteries.
❏ Do not smoke or break a live circuit near the top of
the battery. Sparking could cause an explosion.
❏ Avoid spillage of battery fluid. If spillage occurs,
flush the affected area with clear water immediately.
❏ Wear eye protection when handling a battery.
7.5 AMP FUSE
This panel-mounted Fuse
protects the DC control
circuit against overload
and possible damage. If
the Fuse has melted open
due to an overload, neither the priming function
nor the cranking function
will be available.
Figure5-4
FUEL PRIMER SWITCH
Following generator installation and after the unit has
been idle for some time, the fuel supply line may be
empty. This condition will require a long cranking period before fuel can reach the carburetor. The Fuel
Primer Switch, when actuated to its “PRIME” position
will deliver battery voltage across the closed switch
contacts to the Fuel Pump (FP) to turn the Pump on.
Pump action will then draw fuel from the supply tank
to prime the fuel lines and carburetor.
CHECKING BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE:
Use an automotive type battery hydrometer to test the
battery state of charge. Follow the hydrometer manufacturer's instructions carefully. Generally, a battery
may be considered fully charged when the specific
gravity of its electrolyte is 1.260. If the hydrometer
used does not have a “Percentage of Charge” scale,
compare the readings obtained with the following:
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
1.260
1.230
1.200
1.170
PERCENTAGE OF CHARGE
100%
75%
50%
25%
CHARGING A BATTERY:
Use an automotive type battery charger to recharge a
battery. Battery fluid is an extremely corrosive, sulfuric acid solution that can cause severe burns. For that
reason, the following precautions must be observed:
❏ The area in which the battery is being charged must
be well ventilated. When charging a battery, an
explosive gas mixture forms in each cell.
Figure 5-5. – Primer Switch
START-STOP SWITCH
The Start-Stop Switch allows the operator to control
cranking, startup and shutdown. The following wires
connect to the Start-Stop Switch:
1. Wire No. 17 from the Engine Controller circuit board. This Is
the CRANK and START circuit. When the Switch is set to
'START”, Wire 17 is connected to frame ground via Wire OB.
a.
With wire 17 grounded, a Crank Relay on
the circuit board energizes and battery volt-
Page 25
Section 5
ENGINE DC CONTROL SYSTEM
b.
age is delivered to the Starter Contactor
Relay via Wire 56.The Starter Contactor
Relay energizes, its contacts close and the
Starter Contactor is energized via wire 16.
Its contacts close and the engine cranks.
With Wire 17 grounded, a Run Relay on the
circuit board energizes and battery voltage
is delivered to the Wire 14 circuit. Battery
voltage is delivered to the Fuel Pump, Fuel
Solenoid, Choke Heater and the Remote
Harness.
Wire 16 will supply battery power to the starter contactor and to the engine controller board for field flash
when the starter contactor relay is energized.
Attached to the starter contactor relay coil is wire 56
(positive supply during cranking) and wire 0 (ground).
When the Start-Stop switch is set to “START”, the circuit board delivers battery voltage to the Starter
Contactor Relay via Wire 56.The Starter Contactor
Relay energizes, its contacts close and the Starter
Contactor is energized via wire 16. Its contacts close
and battery voltage is available to the starter motor,
and the engine cranks.
2. Wire 18 from the Engine Controller board. This Is the
ENGINE STOP circuit. When the Start-Stop Switch is set to
“STOP”, Wire 18 is connected to frame ground via Wire No.
0B. Circuit board action then opens the circuit to Wire 14,
and grounds Wire 18A. Fuel flow to the carburetor and ignition are terminated.
3. Wire 0B connects the Switch to frame ground.
Figure 5-7. – Starter Motor
Figure 5-6. – Start-Stop Switch
STARTER CONTACTOR RELAY
& STARTER MOTOR
The positive (+) battery cable attaches to the large lug
on the STARTER CONTACTOR. Wire 13 then
attaches to one side of the STARTER CONTACTOR
RELAY contact, from this point Wire 13 attaches to
the fuse F1 to supply battery voltage to the DC control system. The opposite side of the starter contactor
relay contact is connected to Wire 16.
Page 26
Figure 5-8. – Starter Contactor Relay
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
INTRODUCTION
The “Flow Charts” in this section may be used in conjunction with the “Diagnostic Tests” of Section 7.
Numbered tests in the Flow Charts correspond to
identically numbered tests of Section 7.
Problems 1 through 4 apply to the AC generator only.
Beginning with Problem 5, the engine DC control system is dealt with.
Page 27
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 28
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 29
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 30
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 31
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 32
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 33
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 34
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 35
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 36
Section 6
TROUBLESHOOTING FLOWCHARTS
Page 37
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
INTRODUCTION
3. If AC output voltage and frequency are both “zero”, go to Test 12.
The “Diagnostic Tests” in this chapter may be performed in conjunction with the “Flow Charts” of
Section 6. Test numbers in this chapter correspond to
the numbered tests in the “Flow Charts”.
Tests 1 through 17 are procedures Involving problems with the generator's AC output voltage and frequency (Problems 1 through 4 in the “Flow Charts”).
Tests 18 through 42 are procedures involving problems with engine operation (Problems 5 through 9 in
the “Troubleshooting Flow Charts”).
You may wish to read Section 4, “Measuring
Electricity”.
NOTE: Test procedures in this Manual are not
necessarily the only acceptable methods for diagnosing the condition of components and circuits.
All possible methods that might be used for system diagnosis have not been evaluated. If you use
any diagnostic method other than the method
presented in this Manual, you must ensure that
neither your safety nor the product's safety will
be endangered by the procedure or method you
have selected.
4. If the no-load voltage and frequency are within the stated limits,
go to Test 13.
TEST 1- CHECK NO-LOAD VOLTAGE AND
FREQUENCY
NOTE: The term “low voltage” refers to any voltage reading that is lower than the unit's rated
voltage. The term “residual voltage” refers to the
output voltage supplied as a result of Rotor residual magnetism (approximately 5-12 VAC).
TEST 2- CHECK ENGINE GOVERNOR
DISCUSSION:
Rotor operating speed and AC output frequency are
proportional. The generator will deliver a frequency of
60 Hertz at 3600 Rotor rpm or 62 Hertz at 3720
Rotor rpm.
The Voltage Regulator should be adjusted to deliver
120 VAC (line-to-neutral) at a frequency of 60 Hertz
or 124 VAC (line-to-neutral at 62 Hertz. It is apparent
that, if governed speed is high or low, AC frequency
and voltage will be correspondingly high or low.
Governed speed at no-load is usually set slightly
above the rated speed of 60 Hertz (to 62 Hertz), to
prevent excessive rpm, frequency and voltage droop
under heavy electrical loading.
DISCUSSION:
The first step in analyzing any problem with the AC
generator is to determine the unit's AC output voltage
and frequency. Once that has been done, you will
know how to proceed with specific diagnostic tests.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) to read AC voltage.
Connect the meter test leads across customer connection
leads T1 (Red) and T2 (White).
2. Disconnect or turn OFF all electrical loads. Initial checks and
adjustments are accomplished at no-load.
3. Start the engine, let it stabilize and warm up.
4. Read the AC voltage.
5. Connect an AC frequency meter across AC output leads T1
(Red) and T2 (White). Repeat the above procedure.
RESULTS:
For units rated 60 Hertz, no-load voltage and frequency should be approximately 122-126 VAC and 61-63
Hertz respectively.
1. If AC voltage and frequency are BOTH correspondingly high or
low, go to Test 2.
2. If AC frequency is good but low or residual voltage is indicated,
go to Test 3.
Page 38
Figure 7-1. – Governor Adjustment Points
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
GOVERNOR ADJUSTMENT
1. Loosen the GOVERNOR CLAMP BOLT.
2. Push Spring end of GOVERNOR LEVER clockwise to wide
open throttle position of lever.
a. Hold the GOVERNOR LEVER at wide open
throttle and, with a pair of pliers, rotate the
GOVERNOR SHAFT fully clockwise (CW). Use
a minimum amount of force against the governor shaft.
b. While holding the GOVERNOR SHAFT fully
clockwise and the GOVERNOR LEVER at wide
open throttle, tighten the GOVERNOR CLAMP
BOLT to 70 inch-pounds (8 N-m).
3. Start engine, let it stabilize and warm up at no-load.
4. Turn the ADJUSTER NUT to obtain a frequency reading of 62
Hertz.
5. Determine if the GOVERNOR SPRING is properly located in
the slot of the GOVERNOR LEVER as follows:
a. If droop is excessive, move the GOVERNOR
SPRING down one slot on LEVER.
b. For greater stability, move the GOVERNOR SPRING up one
slot on LEVER.
6. After repositioning the SPRING on a LEVER slot, recheck frequency reading and, if necessary, readjust ADJUSTER NUT to
obtain 62 Hertz at no-load.
7. When frequency is correct at no-load, check the AC voltage
reading. If voltage is incorrect, the voltage regulator may
require adjustment. See “VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT,” Page 10.
TEST 3- TEST EXCITATION CIRCUIT
BREAKER
DISCUSSION:
This circuit breaker (CB3) is normally closed and selfresetting. It will open in the event of excessive current
from the Stator excitation (DPE) winding. The circuit
breaker should re-close or reset automatically after it
cools down (takes approximately two minutes).
When the breaker (CB3) is open, excitation current to
the Regulator (and to the Rotor) will be lost. The unit's
AC output voltage will then drop to a value that is
commensurate with the Rotor's residual magnetism
(about 5-12 volts AC). This test will determine if the
breaker has failed in its open position.
PROCEDURE:
Note: After running the unit, allow two minutes for
the breaker to reset.
1. Set a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) to its “Rx1” scale and zero
the meter.
Figure 7-2. – Excitation “DPE” Circuit Breaker
2. In the generator panel, locate the excitation circuit breaker.
Disconnect Wire 2 and Wire 2A from the breaker terminals.
3. Connect the meter test leads across the two circuit breaker
(CB3) terminals. The meter should indicate “continuity”.
RESULTS:
1. If the meter did NOT read “continuity”, replace the excitation
(DPE) circuit breaker (CB3), and go to Test 4.
2. If “continuity” was indicated, go to Test 4.
TEST 4- FIXED EXCITATION TEST/ROTOR
AMP DRAW
DISCUSSION:
The fixed excitation test consists of applying battery
voltage (12 VDC) to the Rotor windings. This allows
that portion of the excitation circuit between the
Voltage Regulator and the Rotor (including the Rotor
itself) to be checked as a possible cause of the problem. When battery voltage is applied to the Rotor, the
resulting magnetic field around the Rotor should
induce a Stator power winding voltage equal to about
one-half the unit's rated output voltage.
Figure 7-3. – Fixed Excitation Test
Page 39
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 4 RESULTS
C
D
A
B
E
F
G
VOLTAGE RESULTS
WIRE 2 & 6
EXCITATION WINDING
ABOVE
60 VAC
ABOVE
60 VAC
BELOW
60 VAC
ZERO OR
RESIDUAL
VOLTAGE
(5-12 VAC)
BELOW
60 VAC
BELOW
60 VAC
ABOVE
60 VAC
VOLTAGE RESULTS
WIRE 11 & 22
POWER WINDING
SENSE LEADS
ABOVE
60 VAC
BELOW
60 VAC
ABOVE
60 VAC
ZERO OR
RESIDUAL
VOLTAGE
(5-12 VAC)
BELOW
60 VAC
BELOW
60 VAC
ABOVE
60 VAC
ROTOR AMP DRAW
QP55
(MODEL 4702/4703)
.85 A
± 20%
.85 A
± 20%
.85 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
≥1.2 A
.85 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
ROTOR AMP DRAW
QP65
(MODEL 4704/4705)
1.2 A
± 20%
1.2 A
± 20%
1.2 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
≥1.5 A
1.2 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
ROTOR AMP DRAW
QP75
(MODEL 4706/4707)
.87-.79 A
± 20%
.87-.79 A
± 20%
.87-.79 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
≥1.2 A
.87-.79 A
± 20%
ZERO
CURRENT
DRAW
(MATCH RESULTS WITH LETTER AND REFER TO FLOW CHART – Problem 2 on Pages 28 & 29)
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 4 from the Voltage Regulator (VR). (Third terminal from the top of VR).
2. Connect a jumper wire to Wire 4 and to the 12 volt fused battery
positive supply Wire 15 (Wire 15 located at fuse (F1) holder).
3. Set the VOM to measure AC voltage.
4. Disconnect Wire 2 from the DPE breaker (CB3) and connect
one test lead to that wire. Disconnect Wire 6 from the Voltage
Regulator and connect the other test lead to that wire. Start the
generator and measure the AC voltage. It should be above 60
volts. Record the results and stop the generator.
5. Re-connect Wire 2 to the DPE Circuit Breaker (CB3) and reconnect Wire 6 to the Voltage Regulator.
6. Disconnect Wire 11 from the Voltage Regulator (VR) and connect one test lead to that wire. Disconnect Wire 22 from the
Voltage Regulator and connect the other test lead to that wire.
Start the generator and measure the AC voltage. It should be
above 60 volts. Record the results and stop the generator.
7. Re-connect Wire 11 and Wire 22 to the Voltage Regulator.
8. Remove the jumper wire between Wire 4 and 12 volt supply.
12. Stop the generator. Re-connect Wire 4 to the Voltage
Regulator.
RESULTS:
Proceed to “TEST 4 RESULTS” (top of page 40).
Match all results to corresponding column in the
chart. The column letter refers to the Problem 4 flow
charts on pages 28 and 29.
TEST 5- WIRE CONTINUITY
DISCUSSION:
The Voltage Regulator receives unregulated alternating current from the Stator Excitation Winding via
Wires 2, 6 and 2A. It also receives voltage sensing
from the Stator AC Power Windings via Wires 11 and
22. The regulator rectifies the AC from the Excitation
Winding and, based on the sensing signals, regulates
that DC current flow to the Rotor. The rectified and
regulated current flow is delivered to the Rotor
Brushes via Wires 4 (+) and 0 (-). This test will verify
the integrity of Wires 0 and 2A.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale.
9. Set the VOM to measure DC amps.
2. Remove Wire 0 from the Voltage Regulator, fourth terminal from
the top (identified by a negative (-) sign next to terminal).
10. Connect one test lead to the 12 volt fused battery supply Wire
15, and connect the other test lead to Wire 4 (should still be
disconnected from the VR).
3. Connect one test lead to Wire 0 and the other test lead to a
clean frame ground. The meter should read continuity.
11. Start the generator. Measure the DC current. Record the rotor
amp draw.
Page 40
4. Disconnect Wire 2A from the Voltage Regulator, sixth terminal
from the top. Disconnect the other end of this wire from the
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Excitation Circuit Breaker (CB3). Connect one test lead to one
end of Wire 2A and the other test lead to the other end of the
same wire. The meter should read continuity.
RESULTS:
If continuity was NOT measured across each wire,
repair or replace the wires as needed.
If continuity WAS measured, proceed to Test 6.
Wire 16 between the Starter Contactor Relay and PCB.
2. If field boost voltage was measured in Step 7 but not measured
in Step 3, repair or replace Wire 4 between PCB and Voltage
Regulator.
3. If battery voltage was measured in Step 5 but field boost voltage was not measured in Step 7, replace PCB.
4. If field boost checks good, replace the Voltage Regulator.
TEST 6- CHECK FIELD BOOST
DISCUSSION:
Field boost current is delivered to the Rotor only while
the engine is being cranked. This current helps
ensure that adequate “pickup” voltage is available to
turn the Voltage Regulator on and build AC output
voltage.
Loss of the field boost function may or may not result
in a problem with AC output voltage. If the Rotor's
residual magnetism is sufficient to turn the Regulator
on, loss of the function may go unnoticed. However, if
the Rotor's residual magnetism is not enough to turn
the Regulator on, loss of field boost can result in failure of the unit to generate an output voltage.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set VOM to measure DC voltage.
2. Disconnect Wire 4 from the Voltage Regulator and connect the
positive (+) test lead to it. Connect the negative (-) test lead to
a clean frame ground.
3. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START.” During cranking only,
measure DC voltage. It should read 3-5 VDC. Reconnect Wire
4 to the Voltage Regulator. If voltage is measured, it can be
assumed that the Field Boost is working. Stop testing. If voltage is not measured, proceed to Step 4.
4. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 16 at pin location J113 on the PCB (see Figure 7-4) (J1, J2 & J3 connectors remain
connected to PCB). Connect the negative(-) test lead to a
clean frame ground.
Figure 7-4. – The Field Boost Circuit
TEST 7 - TEST STATOR DPE WINDING
DISCUSSION:
An open circuit in the Stator excitation windings will
result in a loss of unregulated excitation current to the
Voltage Regulator. The flow of regulated excitation current to the Rotor will then terminate and the unit's AC
output voltage will drop to a value that is commensurate
with the rotor’s residual magnetism (about 5 - 12 VAC).
5. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START.” During cranking only,
battery voltage should measure 11-12 VDC.
6. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 4 at pin location J1-9
on the PCB (see Figure 7-4) (J1, J2 & J3 connectors remain
connected to PCB). Connect the negative(-) test lead to a
clean frame ground.
7. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START.” During cranking only
measure the DC voltage. It should measure 3-5 VDC.
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 5, repair or replace
Figure 7-5. – Stator Excitation Winding
Page 41
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 2 from the Excitation Circuit Breaker.
2. Disconnect Wire 6 from the Voltage Regulator.
3. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
4. Connect the VOM test leads across the terminal ends of Wires
2 and 6. The VOM should indicate the resistance of the Stator
Excitation (DPE) Windings.
EXCITATION “DPE” WINDING RESISTANCE *
(Measured Across Wires 2 & 6)
MODEL
OHMS
QP55 (4702/4703)
1.41Ω − 1.63Ω
QP65 (4704/4705)
1.59Ω − 1.84Ω
QP75 (4706/4707)
1.12Ω − 1.30Ω
* Resistance values In ohms at 20° C. (68° F.). Actual readings
may vary depending on ambient temperature. A tolerance of
plus or minus 5% is allowed.
5. Now, set the meter to its “Rx1 K” or “Rx10,000” scale and zero
the meter. Test for a “short-to-ground” condition as follows:
a. Connect one meter test lead to Stator lead No.
2, the other test lead to a clean frame ground.
b. The meter should read “Infinity”. Any other reading indicates a “short-to-ground” condition and
the Stator should be replaced.
6. Test for a short between windings as follows:
a. Meter should be set to its “Rx1 K” or “Rx10,000”
scale.
b. Connect one meter test lead to Stator Wire 2,
the other test lead to Stator lead No. 11. The
meter should read “Infinity”.
c. Connect one VOM test lead to Stator lead No. 2
the other test lead to Stator lead No. 33.
“Infinity” should be indicated.
d. Connect one VOM test lead to Stator lead No. 2
and connect the other test lead to Stator lead
No. 66. “Infinity” should be indicated.
RESULTS:
1. If the Stator excitation (DPE) windings are open or shorted,
replace the Stator assembly.
2. If the excitation windings are good, perform “Insulation
Resistance Test”, page 13.
TEST 8- CHECK SENSING LEADS / POWER
WINDINGS
DISCUSSION:
The Voltage Regulator “regulates” excitation current
flow to the Rotor by electronically comparing sensing
Page 42
voltage to a pre-set reference voltage. The sensing
voltage is delivered to the Voltage Regulator via
Wires 11S and 22S.
If an open circuit exists in sensing leads 11S or 22S,
the normal reaction of an unprotected Regulator
would be to increase the excitation current to the
Rotor in an effort to increase the actual AC output
voltage. This would result in a “full field” condition and
an extremely high AC output voltage.
To protect the system against such a high AC output
voltage, the Voltage Regulator will shut down if sensing voltage signals are lost.
If the regulator shuts down, the generator's AC output
voltage will decrease to a value that is commensurate
with the Rotor's residual magnetism (about 5-12 VAC).
PROCEDURE:
Gain access to the generator control panel interior.
Test the Stator power windings, as follows:
1. From main breaker, disconnect Wires 11 P and 33.
2. Also disconnect Wires 22P and 44 from the ground terminal.
3. Disconnect Wires 11S and 22S from the Voltage Regulator.
4. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
5. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads 11P and 22P.
Normal power winding resistance should be read.
6. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads 33 and 44.
Normal power winding resistance should be read.
7. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads 11S and 22S.
Normal Power Winding resistance should be read.
AC POWER WINDING RESISTANCE * QP55 (Model 4702/4703)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
11P & 22P
0.28Ω − 0.32Ω
11S & 22S
33 & 44
0.28Ω − 0.32Ω
0.28Ω − 0.32Ω
AC POWER WINDING RESISTANCE * QP65 (Model 4704/4705)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
11P & 22P
0.209Ω − 0.242Ω
11S & 22S
0.209Ω − 0.242Ω
33 & 44
0.209Ω − 0.242Ω
AC POWER WINDING RESISTANCE * QP75 (Model 4706/4707)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
11P & 22P
0.157Ω − 0.182Ω
11S & 22S
0.157Ω − 0.182Ω
33 & 44
0.157Ω − 0.182Ω
* Resistance values In ohms at 20° C. (68° F.). Actual readings
may vary depending on ambient temperature. A tolerance of
plus or minus 5% is allowed.
8. Now, set the VOM to its “Rx1 K” or “Rx10,000” scale and zero
the meter.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
9. Connect the meter test leads across Stator lead 11P and frame
ground. “Infinity” should be read.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
10. Connect the meter test leads across Stator lead 33 and frame
ground. The reading should be “Infinity”.
2. Disconnect Wire 4 from the Voltage Regulator and from the
Rotor brush terminal.
11. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads Wire 11P
and Wire 33. The reading should be “Infinity”.
3. Connect the VOM test leads across each end of the wire. The
meter should read “Continuity”.
12. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads Wire 11P
and Wire 66. The reading should be “Infinity”.
4. Disconnect Wire OF from the Rotor Brush Terminal. Connect
one meter test lead to Wire OF. Connect the other test lead to
a clean frame ground. The meter should read “Continuity”.
13. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads Wire 33 and
Wire 66. The reading should be “Infinity”.
14. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads Wire 11P
and Wire 2. The reading should be “Infinity”.
RESULTS:
1. Repair, reconnect or replace any defective wire(s).
2. If wires check good, go to Test 10.
15. Connect the meter test leads across Stator leads Wire 33 and
Wire 2. The reading should be “Infinity”.
RESULTS:
1. If the Stator passes all steps except Step 7, repair, re-connect
or replace Sensing leads 11S and 22S.
2. Replace the Stator if it’s power windings fail the test. (Note
Result No. 1).
3. If the Power Windings test good, perform the “Insulation
Resistance Test” on Page 13.
Figure 7-7. – Brush Leads
TEST 10 - CHECK BRUSHES & SLIP RINGS
DISCUSSION:
Brushes and slip rings are made of special materials
that will provide hundreds of hours of service with little
wear. However, when the generator has been idle for
some time, an oxide film can develop on the slip
rings. This film acts as an insulator and impedes the
flow of excitation current to the Rotor.
If Test 4 resulted in less than one-half rated output
voltage, it is possible that the brushes and slip rings
are at fault.
Figure 7-6. – Stator Power Winding Leads
TEST 9- CHECK BRUSH LEADS
PROCEDURE:
1. Gain access to the brushes and slip rings.
2. Remove Wire 4 from the positive (+) brush terminal.
3. Remove the ground wire (0F) from the negative (-) brush.
DISCUSSION:
In Test 4, if application of battery voltage to the Rotor
did NOT result in an output of about one-half rated
voltage, the brush leads could be one possible cause
of the problem. This test will check Wires 4 and OK
for an open circuit condition.
4. Remove the brush holder, with brushes.
5. Inspect the brushes for excessive wear, damage, cracks, chipping, etc.
6. Inspect the brush holder, replace if damaged.
Page 43
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
7. Inspect the slip rings.
a. If slip rings appear dull or tarnished they may be
cleaned and polished with fine sandpaper. DO
NOT USE ANY METALLIC GRIT TO CLEAN
SLIP RINGS. (A 400 grit wet sandpaper is recommended).
b. After cleaning slip rings, blow away any sandpaper residue.
2. If Rotor checks good, perform “Insulation Resistance Test,” on
Page 14.
RESULTS:
1. Replace bad brushes. Clean slip rings, if necessary.
2. If brushes and rings are good, go to Test 11.
TEST 11- CHECK ROTOR ASSEMBLY
Figure 7-8. – Rotor Assembly
DISCUSSION:
During the “Fixed Excitation Test” (Test 4), if AC output voltage did not come up to about one-half rated
volts, one possible cause might be a defective Rotor.
The Rotor can be tested for an open or shorted condition using a volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM).
Also see Chapter Three, “INSULATION RESISTANCE TESTS”.
PROCEDURE:
Gain access to the brushes and slip rings. Disconnect
Wire 4 and Wire OF from their respective brushes
and remove the brush holder. Then, test the Rotor as
follows:
1. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
TEST 12 - CHECK MAIN CIRCUIT BREAKER
DISCUSSION:
The main circuit breaker on the generator panel must
be closed or no output to the load will be available. A
defective breaker may not be able to pass current
even though it is in the “ON” position.
2. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the positive (+) slip
ring (nearest the Rotor bearing). Connect the common (-) test
lead to the negative (-) slip ring. Read the resistance of the
Rotor windings, in OHMS.
ROTOR RESISTANCE *
MODEL:
OHMS
QP55 4702/4703
14.88Ω
QP65 4704/4705
10.81Ω
QP75 4706/4707
14.50Ω − 16.0Ω
* Resistance values In ohms at 20° C. (68° F.). Actual readings
may vary depending on ambient temperature. A tolerance of
plus or minus 5% is allowed.
3. Set the VOM to its “Rx1 K” or “Rx10,000” scale and zero the
meter.
4. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the positive (+) slip
ring, the common (-) test lead to a clean frame ground (such as
the Rotor shaft). The meter should read “Infinity”.
RESULTS:
1. Replace the Rotor if it fails the test.
Page 44
Figure 7-9. – Main Breaker (Typical)
PROCEDURE:
Set the coach main breaker to it’s “OFF” position.
Check that the appropriate main breaker on the generator panel is set to its “ON” (closed) position. Set a
VOM to measure resistance and use it to check for
continuity across the breaker terminals.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
1. If breaker is “ON” and “Continuity” is measured, go to Test 3.
2. If breaker is “OFF”, reset to the “ON” position and check for AC
output.
3. If breaker is “ON” and “Continuity” is not measured, replace the
defective circuit breaker.
TEST 13- CHECK LOAD VOLTAGE &
FREQUENCY
DISCUSSION:
If engine speed appears to drop off excessively when
electrical loads are applied to the generator, the load
voltage and frequency should be checked.
TEST 15 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
OUTPUT
DISCUSSION:
The Battery Charge system consists of a center tap
Battery Charge Winding, a Battery Charge Rectifier,
and a Battery Charge Resistor. During normal operation the battery charge output will vary between 1 to 2
amps, depending on the load applied to the generator. Battery Charge Winding Stator Lead Wire 66 is
tapped at the Battery Charge Rectifier and connected
to the Engine Control Circuit Board at Pin location J110, and is used as a signal for Starter lockout.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 15 from the Battery Charge Rectifier (center
terminal). Wire 15 is the fused battery supply.
PROCEDURE:
Perform this test in the same manner as Test 1, but
apply a load to the generator equal to its rated capacity. With load applied check voltage and frequency.
Frequency should not drop below about 58 Hertz with
the load applied.
Voltage should not drop below about 115 VAC with
load applied.
2. Set a VOM to measure DC Amps. Connect the positive (+) test
lead to the center terminal of the Battery Charge Rectifier.
Connect the negative (-) test lead to Wire 15 previously disconnected.
RESULTS:
1. If voltage and/or frequency drop excessively when the load is
applied, go to Test 14.
RESULTS:
1. If amperage was measured between 0.8 to 2 Amps in Step 2
and Step 3, the charging system is working.
2. If load voltage and frequency are within limits, end tests.
2. If no amperage was measured, check the VOM fuses and verify the functioning of the Amp Meter. If DC Amp Meter is good
and no current is measured, go to Test 16
TEST 14- CHECK LOAD WATTS & AMPERAGE
DISCUSSION:
This test will determine if the generator's rated
wattage/amperage capacity has been exceeded.
Continuous electrical loading should not be greater
than the unit's rated capacity.
PROCEDURE:
Add up the wattages or amperages of all loads powered by the generator at one time. If desired, a clampon ammeter may be used to measure current flow.
See “Measuring Current” on Page 16.
RESULTS:
1. If the unit is overloaded, reduce the load.
2. If load is within limits, but frequency and voltage still drop
excessively, complete Test 2, “Check/Adjust Engine Governor”.
If governor adjustment does not correct the problem, go to
Problem 8 (Flow Chart, Pages 34 and 35).
3. Start the generator. The amp reading on the VOM should be
approximately 0.8 Amps. Apply full load to the generator. The
amp reading should increase to approximately 2 Amps.
TEST 16 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
RECTIFIER
DISCUSSION:
The Battery Charge Rectifier (BCR) is a full wave rectifier.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect Wire 66, Wire 15 and Wire 77 from the Battery
Charge Rectifier.
2. Set the VOM to the Diode Test range. Connect the negative (-)
test lead to the center terminal of the BCR. Connect the positive (+) test lead to an outer terminal. The meter should measure approximately 0.5 volts. Now connect the positive test
lead to the other outer terminal. Again, the meter should measure approximately 0.5 volts.
3. Connect the positive (+) test lead to the center terminal of the BCR.
Connect the negative (-) test lead to to an outer terminal. The
meter should measure “Infinity.” Connect the negative test lead to
the other outer terminal. “Infinity” should once again be measured.
Page 45
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Short to Ground:
4. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Connect the positive (+)
test lead to the case housing of the BCR. Connect the negative
(-) test lead to an outer terminal. “Infinity” should be measured.
Now connect the negative test lead to the BCR center terminal.
“Infinity” should be measured. Next, connect the negative test
lead to the remaining outer BCR terminal. Once again “Infinity”
should be measured.
other test lead to Stator Lead Wire 55. Normal Battery Charge
Winding resistance should be measured.
4. Connect one test lead to Stator Lead Wire 55. Connect the
other test lead to Stator Leads Wire 11 & 33 at the back of
CB1. “Infinity” should be measured.
5. Connect one test lead to Stator Lead Wire 55. Disconnect
Stator Lead Wire 2 from the DPE circuit breaker (CB3) and
connect the other test lead to Wire 2. “Infinity” should be measured.
6 Connect one test lead to Stator Lead Wire 55. Connect the
other test lead to frame ground. “Infinity” should be measured.
7. Connect one test lead to the Battery Charge Resistor terminal
that Wire 55 was removed from. Connect the other test lead to
frame ground. One (1) ohm should be measured. If 1 ohm was
not measured, remove Wire 0 from the Battery Charge
Resistor. Connect one test lead to Wire 0 and the other test
lead to frame ground. “Continuity” should be measured. Repair
or replace Wire 0 if defective and retest the Battery Charge
Resistor.
Figure 7-10. – Battery Charge Rectifier
RESULTS:
1. If any of the previous steps has failed, replace the Battery
Charge Rectifier.
2. If the BCR tests good, go to Test 17.
TEST 17 - CHECK BATTERY CHARGE
WINDINGS / BATTERY CHARGE RESISTOR
DISCUSSION:
The Battery Charge Winding (BCW) produces AC
voltage that is delivered to the Battery Charge
Rectifier. The Battery Charge Winding is a center
tapped winding consisting of the following Stator
Leads: Wire 66, Wire 77 and Wire 55. The Battery
Charge Resistor is used as a current limiting resistor.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect the Stator Leads (Wire 66 and Wire 77) from the
Battery Charge Rectifier. (Be sure to disconnect Stator Lead
Wire 66 “Black” from Wire 66 “Blue” connector for this test).
Disconnect the Stator Lead Wire 55 from the Battery Charge
Resistor.
2. Set the VOM to measure resistance at the “R x 1” scale.
Connect one test lead to Stator Lead Wire 66. Connect the
other test lead to Stator Lead Wire 55. Normal Battery Charge
Winding resistance should be measured.
3. Connect one test lead to Stator Lead Wire 77. Connect the
Page 46
BATTERY CHARGE WINDING RESISTANCE *
QP55 (Model 4702/4703)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
55 & 66
0.100Ω − 0.116Ω
55 & 77
0.100Ω − 0.116Ω
BATTERY CHARGE WINDING RESISTANCE *
QP65 (Model 4704/4705)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
55 & 66
0.104Ω − 0.120Ω
55 & 77
0.087Ω − 0.101Ω
BATTERY CHARGE WINDING RESISTANCE *
QP75 (Model 4706/4707)
ACROSS WIRES:
OHMS
55 & 66
55 & 77
0.092Ω − 0.107Ω
0.076 Ω − 0.088Ω
* Resistance values In ohms at 20° C. (68° F.). Actual readings
may vary depending on ambient temperature. A tolerance of plus
or minus 5% is allowed.
RESULTS:
1. For Steps 2 & 3, keep in mind that the resistance values are
very low. Depending upon the quality of the VOM, it may read
“Continuity” across these windings. Exercise good judgement
with these values.
2. If Steps 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6 fail any test, replace the Stator.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. In Step 7, if Wire 0 reads “Continuity”, but resistor does not
measure 1 ohm, replace the Battery Charge Resistor.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to read battery voltage (12 VDC).
4. If all of the Steps in this test pass, perform “Insulation
Resistance Test” on page 13.
2. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the Wire 15 terminal
of the Primer Switch (leave Wire 15 connected to the switch).
Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to frame ground. The
meter should indicate battery voltage.
TEST 18 - TRY CRANKING THE ENGINE
DISCUSSION:
If the Fuel Primer Switch on the generator panel is
actuated, but the Fuel Pump does not run (priming
function doesn't work), perhaps battery voltage is not
available.
PROCEDURE:
Hold the Start-Stop Switch at “START”. The engine
should crank and start.
RESULTS:
1. If the engine cranks normally, but the priming function still
doesn't work, go to Test 19.
2. If engine will not crank, go to Test 21. Refer to Problem 6 of
Section 6.
3. If engine cranks but won't start, go to Problem 7 of Section 6.
4. If engine starts hard and runs rough, go to Problem 8 of
Section 6.
3. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the Wire 14 terminal
of the Primer Switch (leave Wire 14 connected to the switch).
Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a clean frame
ground. Set the Start-Stop switch to “START”. The engine
should crank and battery voltage should be measured.
4. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the Wire 14A terminal of the Primer Switch, the negative (-) meter test lead to
frame ground.
a.
b.
With the Primer Switch NOT actuated, no
voltage should be indicated.
Actuate the switch to its “PRIME” position
and the meter should read battery voltage.
5. For gasoline models, disconnect Connector 2 at the Fuel
Pump. Connect the VOM positive (+) test lead to Wire 14A,
(Pin 2 of Connector 2) going up to the Control Panel (see
Figure 7-12). Connect the VOM negative(-) test lead to frame
ground. Repeat Steps 4a and 4b. Battery Voltage should be
measured when the Primer Switch is activated.
TEST 19- TEST PRIMER SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
A defective primer switch can prevent the priming
function from occurring.
Switch failure can also prevent the engine from starting, since the switch is in series with the Wire14 circuit.
(Also see “Fuel Primer Switch,” page 25).
Figure 7-12. – Harness End of Connector 2
6. For LPG models, disconnect Wire 14A from the LPG Fuel
Solenoid (FS)(see Figure 7-13). Connect the VOM positive (+)
test lead to Wire 14A. Connect the VOM negative(-) test lead to
frame ground. Repeat Steps 4a and 4b. Battery Voltage
should be measured when the Primer Switch is activated.
7. Set the VOM to measure resistance at the “Rx1” scale and
zero the meter.
a.
b.
Figure 7-11. – Primer Switch
c.
Disconnect Wire 14 from the Primer Switch.
Connect the meter test leads across the
Wires 14 and 14A terminals of the switch.
With the switch NOT actuated, the meter
should read “Continuity”.
Page 47
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. Remove air filter access panel and air filter. Remove fuel hose
from pump. Place a suitable container to catch fuel from fuel
pump line. Activate fuel primer switch. Pump should operate
and fuel should flow. If pump does not operate, proceed to
Step 4.
4. In Test 19, Battery Voltage was checked at Connector 2. This
step will test the ground wire. Disconnect Connector 2 at the
Fuel Pump. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Connect one
test lead to Wire 0, (Pin 1 of Connector 2) that goes to the
Control Panel (see Figure 7-12). Connect the other test lead to
a clean frame ground . “Continuity” should be measured.
Figure 7-13. – The LPG Fuel Solenoid (FS)
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage is not indicated in Step 2, check Wire 15 between
the Primer Switch and the 7.5 amp fuse for an open condition.
2. If battery voltage is indicated in Step 2 but not in Step 4,
replace the Primer Switch. If battery voltage is NOT indicated
in Step 3 repair or replace Wire 14 between the 4-tab Terminal
Connector (TC) and the Fuel Primer Switch (SW2).
5. To test for an open fuel pump coil, connect one test lead to the
Red Wire (Pin 2 of Connector 2) going to the fuel pump.
Connect the other test lead to the Black Wire (Pin 1 of
Connector 2) going to the Fuel Pump (see Figure 7-15). The
VOM should indicate Fuel Pump coil resistance of about 29.5
kW. (Current draw of the pump at nominal voltage is approximately 1.4 amperes MAXIMUM).
Short to Ground:
6. To test for a shorted fuel pump coil, connect one test lead to
the Red Wire (Pin 2 of Connector 2, see Figure 7-15). Connect
the other test lead to the fuel pump housing. “Infinity” should be
measured.
3. If battery voltage was indicated in Step 4 but not in Step 5:
a.
b.
For gasoline models repair or replace Wire
14A between the Primer Switch (SW2) and
Fuel Pump Connector 2.
For LPG models repair or replace Wire 14A
between the Fuel Prime Switch (SW2) and
the LPG Fuel Solenoid (FS).
4. If the meter reads anything other than “Continuity” in Step 7,
replace the Primer Switch.
5. If the Primer Switch checks good, go to Test 20 for Gasoline
models. For LPG models, go to Test 42.
TEST 20- CHECK FUEL PUMP
DISCUSSION:
An inoperative Fuel Pump will (a) prevent the priming
function from working and (b) prevent the engine from
starting.
Figure 7-14. – Electric Fuel Pump
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove Fuel Filter and verify that filter is not clogged. Replace
filter if necessary.
RESULTS:
1. If “Continuity” was not measured in Step 4, repair or replace
Wire 0 between Connector 2 and the ground terminal.
2. Verify that fuel is available to Fuel Filter inlet. Use an alternative fuel supply if questionable.
2. If “Continuity” is measured in Step 4, but pump does not operate in Step 3, replace the Fuel Pump.
Page 48
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. If the pump fails Step 5 or Step 6, replace the Fuel Pump.
Note: If desired, a pressure gauge can be
attached to the pumps outlet side. Pump outlet
pressure should be 2.0 to 3.5 psi.
4. If the pump operates normally, go to Test 31.
PROCEDURE:
1. Inspect the battery cables and battery posts or terminals for
corrosion or tightness. Measure the voltage at the terminal of
the starter contactor and verify 11-12 volts DC is available to
the generator during cranking. If voltage is below 11 volts DC,
measure at the battery terminals during cranking. If battery
voltage is below 11 volts DC, recharge/replace battery. If battery voltage is above 11 volts DC, check for proper battery
cable sizing (see “BATTERY CABLES” on Page 24). If battery
or cables are still suspected, connect an alternate battery and
cables to the generator and retest.
2. Use a battery hydrometer to test the battery for (a) state of
charge and (b) condition. Follow the hydrometer manufacturer's instructions carefully.
Figure 7-15. – Harness to Fuel Pump
TEST 21- CHECK 7.5 AMP FUSE
DISCUSSION:
If the panel-mounted 7.5 amp fuse (F1) has blown,
engine cranking will not be possible.
RESULTS:
1. Clean battery posts and cables as necessary. Make sure battery cables are tight.
2. Recharge the battery, if necessary.
3. Replace the battery, if necessary.
4. If battery is good, but engine will not crank, go to Test 23.
TEST 23- CHECK POWER SUPPLY TO
CIRCUIT BOARD
Figure 7-16. – 7.5 Amp Fuse
PROCEDURE:
Push In on fuse holder cap and turn counterclockwise. Then, remove the cap with fuse. Inspect the
Fuse.
RESULTS:
If the Fuse element has melted open, replace the
Fuse with an identical size fuse. If Fuse is good, go to
Test 22.
TEST 22- CHECK BATTERY & CABLES
DISCUSSION:
If the engine won't crank or cranks too slowly, the battery may be weak or discharged. See “Battery” on
Page 24.
DISCUSSION:
If battery voltage is not available to the circuit board,
engine cranking and running will not be possible.
If battery voltage is available to the board, but no DC
output is delivered to the board's Wire 56 terminal
while attempting to crank, either the circuit board is
defective or the Start-Stop Switch has failed.
This test will determine if battery voltage is available
to the Engine Controller circuit board. Test 24 will
check the Start-Stop Switch. Test 25 will check the
DC power supply to the circuit board's Wire 56 terminal (Receptacle J1, Pin 1).
PROCEDURE:
1. On the Engine Controller Circuit Board, locate Terminal J3 to
which Wire 15 connects (see Figure 5-3 on Page 24).
2. Set a VOM to read battery voltage. Connect the meter test
leads across circuit board Terminal J3 and frame ground. The
meter should read battery voltage.
3. Set the VOM to measure resistance (“Rx1” scale). Connect
one meter test lead to Wire 0, Pin location J1-12 on the Engine
Controller Circuit Board. Connect the other test lead to a clean
frame ground. “Continuity” should be measured.
Page 49
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage is NOT indicated in Step 1, check
continuity of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Wire 13 between Starter Contactor and
Starter Contactor Relay.
Wire 13 between Starter Contactor Relay
and 7.5 Amp Fuse (F1).
Wire 15 between the 7.5 Amp fuse (F1) and
the Battery Charge Rectifier.
Wire 15 between the Battery Charge
Rectifier and the Engine Controller Board.
Repair, reconnect or Replace bad wiring as necessary.
2. If battery voltage is indicated but engine will not crank, go to
Test 24.
3. If “Continuity” was not measured in Step 3, repair or replace
Wire 0 between the Engine Controller Circuit Board and the
Ground Terminal.
TEST 24 - CHECK START-STOP SWITCH
2. Inspect the ground Wire 0B, between the Start-Stop Switch
and the grounding terminal. Connect one meter test lead to
Wire 0B on SW1. Connect the other test lead to a clean frame
ground. “Continuity” should be measured.
3. Disconnect Wire 17 from its Switch terminal and connect it to
frame ground. The engine should crank.
4. Remove the 7.5 amp fuse. Disconnect Wire 18, Wire 0B and
Wire 17 from the Start-Stop Switch (SW1).
5. Connect one test lead to the center terminal of SW1. Connect
the other test lead to an outer terminal of SW1. “Infinity” should
be measured. Remove the test lead from the outer terminal of
SW1 and connect it to the opposite outer terminal. “Infinity”
should be measured.
6. Leave the test lead connected to the center terminal of SW1
from Step 5. Connect the other test lead to an outer terminal.
Depress the switch away from the terminal being tested (see
Figure 7-18). “Continuity” should be measured. Repeat the procedure with the test lead connected to the other outer terminal.
“Continuity” should be measured.
DISCUSSION:
Engine cranking and startup is initiated when Wire 17
from the Engine Controller board is connected to
frame ground by setting the Start-Stop Switch to
“START”.
Engine shutdown occurs when circuit board Wire 18
is connected to frame ground by the Start-Stop
Switch.
Figure 7-17. – Start-Stop Switch
A defective Start-Stop Switch can result in (a) failure
to crank when the switch is set to “START”, and/or (b)
failure to shut down when the switch is set to “STOP”.
PROCEDURE:
For Problem 6 (Section 6), perform all steps. For
Problem 9, perform Step 1 and Step 5 ONLY.
1. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
Page 50
Figure 7-18. – Test 24, Step 6
RESULTS:
1. If “Continuity” is not measured in Step 2, repair, reconnect or
replace Wire 0B (between Start-Stop Switch and ground terminal) as necessary.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
2. If engine cranks in Step 3 when Wire 17 is grounded, but will
not crank when the Switch is set to “START”, replace the StartStop Switch.
3. If battery voltage is available in Step 4 but engine does not
crank, go to Test 26.
3. If the Start-Stop Switch (SW1) failed any part of Steps 5 or 6,
replace the switch.
TEST 26- CHECK STARTER CONTACTOR
RELAY
4. If engine will not crank when Wire 17 is grounded, proceed as
follows:
a. Use a jumper wire to connect the circuit board's
Wire 17 (pin location J1-6) to ground. If engine
does NOT crank, proceed to Test 25.
b. If engine cranks now, but would not crank in
Step 3 of the procedure, check Wire 17 for continuity between the circuit board and Start-Stop
Switch. If “Continuity” is not measured, repair or
replace Wire 17 between the engine control
board and the Start-Stop Switch.
5. For Problem 9 (Section 6), if switch tests GOOD, go to Test 30.
TEST 25 - CHECK POWER SUPPLY TO WIRE 56
DISCUSSION:
If battery voltage is available to the Engine Controller
board in Test 23, then DC voltage should be delivered
to Wire 56 when the Start-Stop Switch is set to
“START” (Test 24). This test will check to see if the
circuit board is delivering battery voltage to the Wire
56 terminal.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set a VOM to measure DC voltage (12 VDC).
2. Disconnect Wire 56 from its Starter Contactor Relay terminal.
3. Connect the meter positive (+) test lead to Wire 56, just disconnected. Connect the other test lead to frame ground. No voltage should be indicated.
4. Actuate the Start-Stop Switch to its “START” position. The
meter should indicate battery voltage. If battery voltage is present, stop the procedure.
DISCUSSION:
If battery voltage is available to Wire 56 but the
engine won't crank, the possible cause could be a
failed Starter Contactor Relay.
PROCEDURE:
1. Set the VOM to measure resistance (“R x 1” scale). Remove
Wire 0 from the Starter Contactor Relay (SCR). Connect one
meter test lead to Wire 0, and connect the other meter test lead
to frame ground. “Continuity” should be measured. Reconnect
Wire 0.
2. Set the VOM to measure resistance (“R x 1” scale). Disconnect
Wire 16 and Wire 13 (Wire 13 is 12VDC isolate from ground)
from the Starter Contactor Relay (SCR). Connect one meter
test lead to an SCR terminal, and connect the other meter test
lead to the remaining SCR terminal. “Infinity” should be measured. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START”. The meter should
now read “Continuity”.
Short to Ground:
3. Set the VOM to measure resistance (“R x 1” scale). Disconnect
Wire 56 from the Starter Contactor Relay (SCR). Connect one
meter test lead to the SCR terminal from which Wire 56 was
just removed. Connect the other meter test lead to a clean
frame ground. Starter Contactor Relay coil resistance of 155
ohms should be measured. If “Continuity” is measured a short
to ground exists.
Note: Current draw of the Starter Contactor Relay
coil at nominal voltage is approximately 80ma.
5. Connect the VOM positive (+) test lead to Wire 56 (Pin
Location J1-1) at the Engine Controller Circuit Board. Connect
the other test lead to frame ground.
6. Actuate the Start-Stop Switch to the “START” position. The
meter should indicate battery voltage.
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage was measured in Step 6, but not in Step 4,
repair or replace Wire 56 between the Engine Controller Circuit
Board and Starter Contactor Relay.
2. If battery voltage was not available in Step 6, replace the
Engine Controller Circuit Board.
Figure 7-19. – Starter Contactor Relay
Page 51
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
RESULTS:
1. If “Continuity” is not measured in Step 1, repair or replace Wire
0 between the Starter Contactor Relay and the ground terminal.
2. If “Continuity” was not measured in Step 2 when the Start-Stop
switch was activated to “START”, replace the Starter Contactor
Relay.
3. If “Continuity” is measured in Step 2, go to Test 26A.
TEST 26A - CHECK STARTER CONTACTOR
DISCUSSION:
The Starter Contactor (SC) must energize and it's
heavy duty contacts must close or the engine will not
crank. This test will determine if the Starter Contactor
is in working order. The Starter Contactor is connected to the Starter Motor (see Figure 7-20).
2. Set the VOM to measure DC voltage. Disconnect Wire 16 from
the Starter Contactor. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead
to Wire 16. Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a clean
frame ground. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START”. Battery
voltage should be indicated. Reconnect Wire 16 to the Starter
Contactor.
3. Set the VOM to measure DC voltage. Connect the positive (+)
meter test lead to the Starter Contactor stud that has the small
jumper wire connected to the Starter. Connect the negative (-)
meter test lead to a clean frame ground. Set the Start-Stop
Switch to “START”. Battery voltage should be measured (see
Figure 7-20, STEP 2 TEST POINT).
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 1, repeat Test 22.
2. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 2, repair or
replace Wire 16 between the Starter Contactor Relay (SCR)
and the Starter Contactor (SC).
3 If battery voltage was measured in Step 1, but not in Step 3,
replace the Starter Contactor.
4. If battery voltage was measured in Step 3 but the engine still
does not crank, go to test 27.
TEST 27 - CHECK STARTER MOTOR
CONDITIONS AFFECTING STARTER MOTOR
PERFORMANCE:
1. A binding or seizing condition in the Starter Motor bearings.
2. A shorted, open or grounded armature.
Figure 7-20. – The Starter Contactor (SC)
PROCEDURE:
1. Carefully inspect the starter motor cable that runs from the
Battery to the Starter Motor. Cable connections should be
clean and tight. If connections are dirty or corroded, remove
cable and clean cable terminals and studs. Replace any cable
that is defective or badly corroded. Set the VOM to measure
DC voltage. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to the
Starter Contactor stud that the battery cable is connected to.
Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a clean frame
ground. Battery voltage should be measured (see Figure 7-20,
STEP 1 TEST POINT).
Page 52
a. Shorted, armature (wire insulation worn and
wires touching one another). Will be indicated
by low or no RPM.
b. Open armature (wire broken) will be indicated
by low or no RPM and excessive current draw.
c. Grounded armature (wire insulation worn and
wire touching armature lamination or shaft). Will
be indicated by excessive current draw or no
RPM.
3. A defective Starter Motor switch.
4. Broken, damaged or weak magnets.
5. Starter drive dirty or binding.
DISCUSSION:
Test 25 verified that circuit board action is delivering
DC voltage to the Starter Contactor Relay (SCR).
Test 26 verified the operation of the SCR. Test 26A
verified the operation of the Starter Contactor (SC).
Another possible cause of an "engine won't crank"
problem is a failure of the Starter Motor.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
PROCEDURE:
The battery should have been checked prior to this
test and should be fully charged.
Set a VOM to measure DC voltage (12 VDC).
Connect the meter positive (+) test lead to the Starter
Contactor stud which has the small jumper wire connected to the Starter. Connect the common (-) test
lead to the Starter Motor frame.
Set the Start-Stop Switch to its "START" position and
observe the meter. Meter should Indicate battery voltage, Starter Motor should operate and engine should
crank.
RESULTS:
1. If battery voltage is indicated on the meter but Starter Motor did
not operate, remove and bench test the Starter Motor (see following test).
2. If battery voltage was indicated and the Starter Motor tried to
engage (pinion engaged), but engine did not crank, check for
mechanical binding of the engine or rotor.
If engine turns over slightly, go to Test 35 “Check and
Adjust Valves.”
NOTE: If a starting problem is encountered, the
engine itself should be thoroughly checked to
eliminate it as the cause of starting difficulty. It is
a good practice to check the engine for freedom
of rotation by removing the spark plugs and turning the crankshaft over slowly by hand, to be sure
it rotates freely.
Figure 7-22. – Check Pinion Gear Operation
TOOLS FOR STARTER PERFORMANCE TEST:
The following equipment may be used to complete a
performance test of the Starter Motor:
❏ A clamp-on ammeter.
❏ A tachometer capable of reading up to 10,000 rpm.
❏ A fully charged 12-volt battery.
MEASURING CURRENT:
To read the current flow, in AMPERES, a clamp-on
ammeter may be used. This type of meter indicates
current flow through a conductor by measuring the
strength of the magnetic field around that conductor.
WARNING!: DO NOT ROTATE ENGINE WITH
ELECTRIC STARTER WITH SPARK PLUGS
REMOVED. ARCING AT THE SPARK PLUG
ENDS MAY IGNITE THE GASOLINE VAPOR
EXITING THE SPARK PLUG HOLE.
Figure 7-23. – Clamp-On Ammeter
Figure 7-21. – Starter Motor (SM)
CHECKING THE PINION:
When the Starter Motor is activated, the pinion gear
should move and engage the flywheel ring gear. If the
pinion does not move normally, inspect the pinion for
binding or sticking.
TACHOMETER:
A tachometer is available from your Generac Power
Systems source of supply. Order as P/N 042223. The
tachometer measures from 800 to 50,000 RPM (see
Figure 7-24).
Page 53
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
4. A starter motor in good condition will be within the following
specifications:
Minimum rpm
4500
Maximum Amps
50
Note: Nominal amp draw of starter in generator is
60 amps.
Figure 7-24. – Tachometer
TEST BRACKET:
A starter motor test bracket may be made as shown
in Figure 7-25.
Figure 7-26. – Testing Starter Motor Performance
Figure 7-25. – Test Bracket
REMOVE STARTER MOTOR:
It is recommended that the Starter Motor be removed
from the engine when testing Starter Motor performance. Assemble starter to test bracket and clamp
test bracket in vise (Figure 7-26).
TESTING STARTER MOTOR:
1. A fully charged 12 volt battery is required.
2. Connect jumper cables and clamp-on ammeter as shown in
Figure 7-26.
3. With the Starter Motor activated (jump the terminal on the
Starter Contactor to battery voltage), note the reading on the
clamp-on ammeter and on the tachometer (rpm).
Note: Take the reading after the ammeter
and tachometer are stabilized, approximately
2-4 seconds.
Page 54
TEST 28- CHECK FUEL SUPPLY
DISCUSSION (GASOLINE MODELS):
If the engine cranks but won't start, don't overlook the
obvious. The fuel supply may be low. Many RV generator installations “share” the fuel tank with the vehicle engine. When such is the case, the Installer may
have used a generator fuel pickup tube that is shorter
than the vehicle engine's pickup tube. Thus, the generator will run out of gas before the vehicle engine.
PROCEDURE:
Check fuel level in the supply tank. Attach a fresh fuel
supply if necessary and restart. Fuel may be stale,
causing a hard start.
RESULTS:
1. If necessary, replenish fuel supply.
2. If fuel is good, go to Test 29 (for Problem 7, Section 6).
Go to Test 32 for Problem 8 (Section 6).
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
DISCUSSION (LPG MODELS):
LP gas is stored in pressure tanks as a liquid. The
gas systems used with these generators were
designed only for vapor withdrawal type systems.
Vapor withdrawal systems use the gas vapors that
form above the liquid fuel in the tank. Do NOT attempt
to use the generator with any liquid withdrawal type
system.
Gas pressure delivered to the solenoid valve must be
properly regulated by means of a primary gas regulator. Mount the primary regulator at the gas tank outlet
or in the supply line from the gas tank. The following
rules apply:
• For best results, the primary regulator supplies
gaseous fuel to the secondary regulator at 11 inches water column. Do NOT exceed 14 inches water
column.
• The installer must be sure the primary regulator is
rated at sufficient gas flow to operate the generator
plus all other gas appliances in the circuit.
CAUTION!: Use only approved components in
the fuel supply system. All components must be
properly installed in accordance with applicable
codes. Improper installation or use of unauthorized components may result in fire or an explosion. Follow approved methods to test the system for leaks. No leakage is permitted. Do not
allow fuel vapors to enter the vehicle interior.
LP gas vapors should be supplied to the secondary
regulator inlet at about 11 inches water column (positive pressure). The engine pistons draw air in during
the intake stroke (Figure 7-28). This air passes
through a carburetor venturi, which creates a low
pressure that is proportional to the quantity of air
being pumped. The low pressure from the carburetor
venturi acts on the regulator diaphragm to pull the
diaphragm toward the source of low pressure. A lever
attached to the diaphragm opens a valve to permit
gas glow through the carburetor.
Figure 7-28 – LP Gas Carburetion Diagram
Figure 7-27 – Typical Propane Gas Fuel System
NOTE: Recommended MINIMUM gas flow rate for
all air-cooled QUIETPACT series generators is 67
cubic feet per hour.
If an existing primary gas regulator does not have
a sufficient flow capacity for the generator and
other gas appliances in the circuit, (a) install a primary regulator with adequate flow rate, or (b)
install a separate regulator only and rated at least
67 cubic feet per hour. The inlet side of any primary regulator that supplies the generator must connect directly to a gas pressure tank. Do NOT tee
the generator line into a gas circuit feeding other
areas.
The greater the airflow through the carburetor venturi,
the lower the pressure at the venturi throat. The
lower the pressure at the venturi throat, the greater
the diaphragm movement, and the greater the movement of the regulator valve. The more the regulator
valve opens, the greater the gas flow that is proportional to airflow through the generator.
The following facts about the secondary regulator
must be emphasized:
• The regulator must be sensitive to venturi throat
pressure changes throughout the operating range.
• The regulator must be properly adjusted so it will
stop the flow of gas when the engine is not running
(no air flow through the carburetor).
• The slightest airflow (and vacuum in the venturi
throat) should move the regulator valve off its seat
and permit gas to flow.
PROCEDURE:
A water manometer or a gauge that is calibrated in
“ounces per square inch” may be used to measure
the fuel pressure. Fuel pressure at the inlet side of the
LPG Shut Off Valve should be between 11-14 inches
Page 55
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
water column as measured with a manometer. The
LP system must be able to maintain 11-14 inches
water column under all load requirements.
1. Turn LP supply to generator off.
2. Remove the Gas Pressure Tap from the fuel regulator and
install manometer to this port.
battery voltage is not measured, proceed to Step 4.
4. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to Terminal J2 on the
Engine Controller Circuit Board. Connect the negative (-) test
lead to a clean frame ground (see Figure 5-3, Page 24).
5. Crank the engine. The meter should indicate battery voltage.
3. Turn LP supply to generator on, the gauge should read 11-14
inches water column.
4. For Problem 8 only (Section 6), start the engine and the gauge
should read 11-14 inches water column.
RESULTS:
1. If the LP gas pressure is less than 11-14 inches water column
the fuel supply system must be corrected in order to maintain
11-14 inches water column.
2. If the LP gas pressure is between 11-14 inches water Column,
proceed to Test 29 for Problem 7 (Section 6). Proceed to Test
32 for Problem 8 (Section 6).
Figure 7-30. – The 4-tab Connector
RESULTS:
1. If the meter indicated battery voltage, go to Test 19.
2. If battery voltage was NOT indicated in Step 3 but is indicated
in Step 5, check Wire 14 between the 4-tab connector and the
Engine Controller circuit board.
a. Repair, reconnect or replace Wire 14 as necessary.
3. If battery voltage was not indicated in Step 5, replace the
Engine Controller Circuit Board.
Figure 7-29. – Fuel Regulator
TEST 29 - CHECK WIRE 14 POWER SUPPLY
DISCUSSION:
When the engine is cranked, Engine Controller Circuit
Board action must deliver battery voltage to the Wire
14 circuit, or the engine will not start. This is because
the Wire 14 circuit will operate the Fuel Pump and
Fuel Solenoid on Gasoline models. On LP models it
operates the LPG Shut-off valve.
PROCEDURE:
Inside the generator panel, locate the 4-tab terminal
connector (Figure 7-30). Then, proceed as follows:
1. Set a VOM to read battery voltage (12 VDC).
2. Connect the meter positive (+) test lead to the 4-tab terminal
connector, the common (-) test lead to frame ground.
3. Crank the engine and the meter should read battery voltage. If
Page 56
TEST 30 - CHECK WIRE 18
DISCUSSION:
Wire 18 controls sending the STOP signal to the
Engine Controller Circuit Board. If Wire 18 contacts
ground it will initiate a shutdown. Coach manufacturers sometimes install a 15 to 30 foot remote harness.
A ground on Wire 18 in a remote harness can also
cause a shutdown.
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove the remote harness connector from the generator and
re-test. If generator continues to run, a short is present in the
remote harness. Repair or replace the remote harness.
2. Remove the J1 connector from the Engine Controller Circuit
Board. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Connect one test
lead to Pin Location J1-14. Connect the other test lead to a
clean frame ground. “Infinity” should be measured.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
5. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Wire 0 from
the Carburetor at the bullet connector. Connect one test lead to
Wire 0 that goes to the control panel. Connect the other test
lead to a clean frame ground. “Continuity” should be measured.
6. Connect one test lead to the Green Wire going to the carburetor. Connect the other test lead to the carburetor body.
“Continuity” should be measured.
Short to Ground:
Figure 7-31. – Remote Harness Connector
3. Connect one test lead to Pin Location J1-15. Connect the other
test lead to a clean frame ground. “Infinity” should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If “Continuity” is measured in Step 2, repair or replace shorted
Wire 18 between J1 Connector and Start-Stop Switch.
2. If “Continuity” was measured in Step 3, repair or replace shorted Wire 18 between J1 Connector and remote panel connector.
3. If Wire 18 checks GOOD, proceed to Problem 8 (Section 6).
TEST 31 - CHECK FUEL SOLENOID
(GASOLINE MODELS)
DISCUSSION:
If the Fuel Solenoid fails to open, the engine will not
start.
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove Control Panel cover. Remove Wire 56 from the Starter
Contactor Relay. This will prevent the unit from cranking during
test (see Figure 7-19, Page 51).
2. Remove air filter cover. Disconnect Connector 2 which connects to the fuel pump.
3. Activate the Start-Stop Switch (SW1) to the START position
and hold. This will activate the fuel solenoid. The fuel solenoid
should energize and produce an audible click. If the fuel solenoid does not operate, proceed to Step 4. Reconnect
Connector 2 back to the fuel pump.
4. Set the VOM to measure DC voltage. Disconnect Wire 14 from
the Fuel Solenoid. Connect the positive (+) meter test lead to
Wire 14 that goes to the control panel.Connect the negative (-)
test lead to a clean frame ground. Activate the Start-Stop
Switch (SW1) to the START position and hold. Battery voltage
should be measured.
7. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect the bullet connector going to the Fuel Solenoid. Connect one meter test lead
to the Red Wire going to the Fuel Solenoid. Connect the other
meter test lead to the Fuel Solenoid housing. A reading of 38.0
ohms should be measured. If very low resistance is measured, a short to ground exists. (Fuel Solenoid coil resistance
is approximately 38.0 ohms. Current draw of the Fuel Solenoid
at nominal voltage is approximately 331 milliamps or 0.331
amps).
RESULTS:
1. If the Fuel Solenoid passes Steps 4 & 5 but does NOT operate
in Step 3, replace or repair Fuel Solenoid.
2. If battery voltage is not measured in Step 4, repair or replace
Wire 14 between the 4-Tab Terminal Connector (TC) and the
Fuel Solenoid.
3. If “Continuity” is not measured in Step 5, repair or replace Wire
0 between the Fuel Solenoid and ground terminal.
4. If “Continuity” is not measured in Step 6, repair or replace
Carburetor ground wire.
5. If the Fuel Solenoid operates, proceed to Test 32.
TEST 32 - CHECK IGNITION SPARK
DISCUSSION:
A problem in the engine ignition system can cause
any of the following:
• Engine will not start.
• Engine starts hard, runs rough.
A commercially available spark tester may be used to
test the engine ignition system. One can also be purchased from Generac Power Systems (Part No.
0C5969).
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect a high tension lead from a spark plug.
2. Attach the high tension lead to the spark tester terminal.
3. Ground the spark tester clamp by attaching to the cylinder
head (see Figure 7-32).
Page 57
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
4. Crank the engine rapidly. Engine must be cranking at 350 rpm
or more. If spark jumps the tester gap, you may assume the
ignition system is working properly. Repeat on remaining cylinder spark plug.
5. To determine if an engine miss is ignition related, connect the
spark tester in series with the high tension lead and the spark
plug. Then, start the engine. If spark jumps the tester gap at
regular Intervals, but the engine miss continues, the problem
may be in the spark plug or fuel system. Repeat on remaining
cylinder spark plug. Proceed to Test 33.
6. If spark jumps the tester gap intermittently, the problem may be
in the Ignition Magneto. Proceed to Test 34.
CYLINDER BALANCE TEST:
If the engine is hard starting, runs rough, misses or
lacks power, perform a cylinder balance test to determine whether both cylinders are operating to their full
potential.
Tools Required:
1. Two Ignition Testers (Generac P/N OC5969)
Attach an ignition tester between the spark plug lead
and each spark plug (Figure 7-33).
Start and run engine running at top no load speed
and note spark at ignition testers. If the spark is equal
at both ignition testers, the problem is not ignition
related. A spark miss will be readily apparent. Now
note RPM of engine. Ground out one cylinder by contacting ignition tester and a good ground on engine
(Figure 7-34). Note RPM loss. Then ground out the
other spark plug and note the RPM loss. If the difference between the two cylinders does not exceed 75
RPM, the amount of work the two cylinders are doing
should be considered equal.
If the RPM loss is greater than 75 RPM this indicates
that the grounded cylinder with the least RPM loss is
the weakest of the two cylinders. Look to that cylinder
for a problem.
Example:
Engine RPM - Both Cylinders = 2570 RPM
Engine RPM - No. 1 Cylinder Grounded = 2500 RPM
Engine RPM - No. 2 Cylinder Grounded = 2300 RPM
Figure 7-32. – Testing Ignition System
Conclusion: No. 1 cylinder is weakest of the two cylinders.
Figure 7-34. – Cylinder Balance Test
Figure 7-33. – Checking Engine Miss
RESULTS:
1. If no spark or if engine miss is apparent, go to Test 34.
2. If ignition spark is good, go to Test 33.
Page 58
The cylinder balance test will also detect a cylinder
that is not functioning. When grounding out one cylinder there will be no RPM loss. When the other cylinder is grounded out the engine will stop.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 33 - CHECK SPARK PLUGS
DISCUSSION:
During Test 32, if spark jumped the tester gap, the
ignition system must be functioning properly.
However, if the engine misses the spark plug itself
may be fouled.
If the magneto is defective, the entire assembly must
be replaced. The air gap between the magneto and
the flywheel magnet is between 0.012” to 0.015”.
The ignition magneto assembly (Figure 7-36) consists
of (a) ignition magneto, (b) spark plug high tension
lead and (c) spark plug boot.
PROCEDURE:
Remove spark plugs. Clean with a commercial solvent. DO NOT BLAST CLEAN SPARK PLUGS.
Replace spark plugs if badly fouled, if ceramic is
cracked, or if badly worn or damaged. Set gap to
0.030 inch (0.76mm). Use a Champion RC12YC (or
equivalent) replacement spark plug.
Figure 7-36. – Ignition Magneto Assembly
In Test 32, a spark tester was used to check for
engine ignition. If sparking or weak spark occurred,
one possible cause might be the ignition magneto(s).
This test consists of adjusting the air gap between the
ignition magneto(s) and the flywheel. The flywheel
and flywheel key will also be checked during this test.
If no sparking occurs, the ground harness may be at
fault.
Figure 7-35 – Setting Spark Plug Gap
RESULTS:
1. Clean and regap or replace sparks plug as necessary.
2. If spark plugs are good for gasoline models, go to Test 36. For
LPG models, go to Test 35.
TEST 34 - CHECK AND ADJUST IGNITION
MAGNETOS
DISCUSSION:
The ignition system used on GTV-760 engines is a
solid-state (breakerless) type. The system utilizes a
magnet on the engine flywheel to induce a relatively
low voltage into an ignition magneto assembly.
Ignition magneto internal components increase the
voltage and deliver the resulting high voltage across
the spark plug gap.
The ignition magneto houses a solid state-circuit
board that controls ignition timing. Timing is fixed and
spark advance is automatic.
Major components of the ignition system include (a)
two ignition magneto assemblies, (b) the spark plugs,
(c) the engine control board and (d) the engine flywheel.
Solid-state components encapsulated in the ignition
magneto are not accessible and cannot be serviced.
PROCEDURE:
1. Disconnect the J1 connector from the Engine Control Board.
Carefully remove Wire 18A from Pin Location J1-4. Connect
the J1 connector back to the engine control board. Repeat Test
32 “Check Ignition Spark”. If the unit now produces spark go to
Step 2. If the unit does not produce spark or has weak spark
go to Step 4.
2. Do the following:
a.
b.
Set a VOM to measure resistance. Connect
the positive (+) meter test lead to Wire
No.18A (Wire 18A still removed from the J1
connector) Connect the negative (-) meter
test lead to a clean frame ground. “Infinity”
should be measured, or 0.5 to 1M ohms,
depending upon the type of VOM used. If
“Continuity” is measured proceed to
Step12.
Set a VOM to the diode test range. Attach
the negative (-) meter test lead to Pin
Location J1-4 on the Engine Control Board.
(Wire 18A still removed from the J1 connector) Attach the positive (+) meter test lead
to frame ground. Set the Start-Stop Switch
to START. “Infinity” should be measure during cranking and running. If the VOM does
not have a diode test range, set VOM to
measure resistance again. “Infinity” should
be measured.
Page 59
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
3. If Step 1 produced spark and Step 2 tested good, set the VOM
to measure DC voltage. Connect one test lead to Wire 15 (J3
Terminal) on ECB. Connect the other test lead to frame
ground. Battery voltage should be measured. Verify that Wire
15 is connected to J3 and that Wire 14 is connected to J2; if
reversed the unit will produce no spark.
4. Rotate the flywheel until the magnet is under the module
(armature) laminations (see Figure 7-37).
5. Place a 0.012-0.015 inch thickness gauge between the flywheel magnet and the module laminations.
Figure 7-38. – Engine Ground Harness
6. Loosen the mounting screws and let the magnet pull the magneto down against the thickness gauge.
7. Tighten both mounting screws.
8. To remove the thickness gauge, rotate the flywheel.
9. Repeat the above procedure for the second magneto.
Figure 7-39. – Diode Failure Diagnosis
14. Connect the positive (+) test lead to Connector ”A” (as shown in
Figure 7-40). Connect the negative (-) test lead to Connector “B.”
Figure 7-37. – Setting Ignition Magneto
(Armature) Air Gap
10. Repeat Test 55 and check for spark across the spark tester
gap.
11. If air gap was not out of adjustment, test ground wires.
12. Set the VOM to the diode test position. The meter will display
forward voltage drop across the diode. If the voltage drop is
less than 0.7 volts, the meter will “Beep” once as well as display the voltage drop. A continuous tone indicates “Continuity”
(shorted diode). An incomplete circuit (open diode) will be displayed as “OL.”
13. Disconnect the engine ground harness from the ignition magnetos and stud connector (see Figure 7-38).
Page 60
a. If meter “Beeps” once and displays voltage
drop, then the diode is good.
b. If the meter makes a continuous tone, the diode
is bad (shorted) and the harness must be
replaced.
c. If the meter displays “OL,” the diode is defective
(open) and the harness must be replaced.
d. Now repeat Steps 14a through 14c with the
negative meter test lead connected to
Connector “C” (Figure 7-40).
15. If the ground harness tested good, check Wire 18A between
the insulated terminal stud and the J1 Connector for a short to
ground. Set a VOM to measure resistance The ground harness
should still be disconnected from the ignition magnetos.
Connect one meter test lead to Wire 18A which is still removed
from the J1 Connector. Connect the other meter test lead to
frame ground. “Infinity” should be measured.
RESULTS:
1. If “Infinity” was not measured in Step 2b, replace the Engine
Control Board.
Note: If VOM was set to Diode test, a reading of
0.5 volts would be observed when the Start-Stop
Switch is set to STOP. If the VOM was set to resistance, a reading of 0.5 to 1.5M ohms would be
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
measured. During cranking and running this reading should go to “Infinity”. Verify that the meter
leads were properly connected as per Step 2
instructions.
2. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 3, reconnect Wire
15 and Wire 14 to their correct terminal locations.
way is provided for alignment only and theoretically
carries no load.
If the flywheel key becomes sheared or even partially
sheared, ignition timing can change. Incorrect timing
can result in hard starting or failure to start.
Remove and inspect flywheel key for damage.
TEST 35 - CHECK VALVE ADJUSTMENT
DISCUSSION:
The valve lash must be adjusted correctly in order to provide the proper air/fuel mixture to the combustion chamber.
Figure 7-40. – Engine Ground Harness Test Points
3. If “Infinity” was not measured in Step 15, repair or replace
grounded Wire 18A between the J1 Connector and the insulated terminal stud or defective insulated terminal stud.
ADJUSTING VALVE CLEARANCE:
Adjust valve clearance with the engine at room temperature. The piston should be at top dead center
(TDC) of its compression stroke (both valves closed).
An alternative method is to turn the engine over and
position the intake valve fully open (intake valve
spring compressed) and adjust the exhaust valve
clearance. Turn the engine over and position the
exhaust valve fully open (exhaust valve spring compressed) and adjust the intake valve clearance.
Correct valve clearance is given below, in INCHES
(MILLIMETERS).
Intake Valve
0.002-0.004 (0.05-0.1)
Exhaust Valve
0.002-0.004 (0.05-0.1)
1. Loosen the rocker arm jam nut. Use a 10mm allen wrench to turn
the pivot ball stud while checking the clearance between the
rocker arm and valve stem with a feeler gauge (see Figure 7-41).
4. If sparking still does not occur after adjusting the armature air
gap, testing the ground wires and performing the basic flywheel
test, replace the ignition magneto(s).
Note: Before replacing the Ignition Magneto,
check the Flywheel Magnet.
CHECKING FLYWHEEL MAGNET:
The flywheel magnet rarely loses its magnetism. If
you suspect a magnet might be defective, a rough
test can be performed as follows:
1. Place the flywheel on a wooden surface.
2. Hold a screwdriver at the extreme end of its handle and with its
point down.
3. Move the tip of the screwdriver to about 3/4 inch (19mm) from
the magnet. The screwdriver blade should be pulled in against
the magnet.
FLYWHEEL KEY:
In all cases, the flywheel taper is locked on the crankshaft taper by the torque of the flywheel nut. A key-
Figure 7-41 – Adjusting Valve Clearance
2. When clearance is correct, hold the pivot ball stud with the
allen wrench and tighten the rocker arm jam nut to the specified torque with a crow's foot. After tightening the jam nut,
recheck valve clearance to make sure it did not change.
TORQUE SPECIFICATION
ROCKER ARM JAM NUT
174 inch-pounds
Page 61
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
❏ Starting under load. Make sure all loads are disconnected or turned off before attempting to crank and
start the engine.
❏ Check that the automatic choke is working properly.
Figure 7-42 – Tightening the Jam Nut
INSTALL ROCKER ARM COVER
1. Use a new rocker arm cover gasket. Install the rocker arm
cover and retain with four screws.
RESULTS:
Adjust valves to specification and retest. If problem
continues, go to Test 38.
TEST 36 - CHECK CARBURETION
DISCUSSION:
If the engine cranks but will not start, one possible
cause of the problem might be the carburetion system.
PROCEDURE:
Before making a carburetion check, be sure the fuel supply tank has an ample supply of fresh, clean gasoline.
Check that all shutoff valves are open and fuel flows
freely through the fuel line.
Make sure the automatic choke operates properly.
If the engine will not start, remove and inspect the spark
plug. If the spark plug is wet, look for the following:
❏ Overchoking.
❏ Excessively rich fuel mixture.
❏ Water in fuel.
❏ Intake valve stuck open.
❏ Needle/float stuck open.
If the spark plug is dry look for the following:
❏ Leaking carburetor mounting gaskets.
❏ Intake valve stuck closed.
❏ Inoperative fuel pump.
❏ Plugged fuel filter(s).
❏ Varnished carburetor
If the engine starts hard or will not start, look for the
following:
❏ Physical damage to the AC generator. Check the
Rotor for contact with the Stator.
Page 62
RESULTS:
If problem has not been solved, go to Test 37. If carburetor is varnished, clean or replace.
1. Remove fuel line at carburetor and ensure that there is an adequate amount of fuel entering the carburetor.
2. Remove the float bowl and check to see if there is any foreign
matter in bottom of carburetor bowl.
3. The float is plastic and can be removed for access to the needle so it can be cleaned.
4. With all of this removed carburetor cleaner can be used to
clean the rest of the carburetor before reassembly.
5. After cleaning carburetor with an approved carburetor cleaner,
blow dry with compressed air and reassemble.
Shelf life on gasoline is 30 days. Proper procedures
need to be taken for carburetors so that the fuel doesn’t
varnish over time. A fuel stabilizer must be used at all
times in order to ensure that the fuel is fresh at all times.
TEST 37 - CHECK CHOKE SOLENOID
DISCUSSION:
The automatic choke is active only during cranking.
When the Start-Stop Switch is held at “START”, a
crank relay on the Engine Controller circuit board is
energized closed to (a) crank the engine and (b)
deliver a cyclic voltage to the Choke Solenoid via
Wire 90. The Choke Solenoid will be pulled in for
about two seconds, then deactivate for about two
seconds. This cyclic choking action will continue as
long as the engine is being cranked.
PROCEDURE:
1. Operational Check: Crank the engine. While cranking, the
choke solenoid should pull in about every 2 seconds (2 seconds ON, 2 seconds OFF). If the choke solenoid does not pull
in, try adjusting the choke as follows.
2. Pre-Choke Adjustment: With the CHOKE SOLENOID not actuated, the carburetor CHOKE PLATE should be approximately
1/8 Inch from its full open position. Verify choke is completely
open once engine is warmed up. If not, power will be down and
emissions will be up. Adjust position of BI-METAL HEATER
ASSEMBLY by loosening screws until unit starts when cold and
the choke closes when engine is up to temperature. Tighten the
screws to complete the adjustment.
3. Choke Solenoid Adjustment: Loosen the screws that retain the
CHOKE SOLENOID to its bracket. Slide the CHOKE SOLENOID in the slotted holes of the bracket to adjust axial move-
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
ment of the SOLENOID PLUNGER. Adjust SOLENOID
PLUNGER movement until, with the carburetor CHOKE PLATE
closed, the CHOKE SOLENOID is bottomed in its coil (plunger
at full actuated position). With the CHOKE PLATE closed and
the plunger bottomed in its coil, tighten the two screws.
4. Disconnect Connector 1: Set the VOM to measure DC voltage.
Connect the positive (+) test lead to Wire 90 (Pin 2) of
Connector 1 going to the control panel. Connect the negative (-)
test lead to frame ground. Activate the Start-Stop Switch to
“START.” During cranking, battery voltage should be measured
cyclically every two seconds.
RESULTS:
1. If Choke operation is good, go to Test 35 for Problem 7,
“Engine Cranks but Won’t Start” (Section 6). Go to Test 41 for
Problem 8, “Engine Starts Hard and Runs Rough”.
2. If battery voltage was measured in Step 5 but not measured in
Step 4, repair or replace Wire 90 between Engine Control
Board (ECB) and Connector 1.
3. If battery voltage is not measured in Step 5 during engine
cranking, replace Engine Control Board.
4. If “Continuity” is not measured in Step 6, repair or replace Wire
0 between the ground terminal and Connector 1.
5. If Choke Solenoid coil resistance is not measured or is incorrect in Step 7, replace the Choke Solenoid.
Figure 7-43. – Connector 1
5. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 4, check at J1
Connector: Connect positive (+) test lead to Pin Location J1-2
at the engine control board. Connect the negative (-) test lead
to frame ground. Activate the Start-Stop Switch to “START.”
During cranking, battery voltage should be measured cyclically
every two seconds.
Figure 7-44. – Exploded View of Choke Assembly
6. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Connector 1
from the Choke Solenoid. Connect one test lead to Wire 0 (Pin
1) of Connector 1, going to the control panel. Connect the other
test lead to frame ground. “Continuity” should be measured.
7. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Connector 1.
Connect one meter test lead to Wire 90 (Connector 1, Pin 2)
going to the Choke Solenoid. Connect the other meter test lead
to Wire 0 (Connector 1, Pin 1). Approximately 3.7 ohms should
be measured. (Current draw of Choke Solenoid at nominal voltage is 3.4 amps).
Short to Ground:
8. Set the VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Connector 1.
Connect one meter test lead to Wire 90 (Connector 1, Pin 2).
Connect the other meter test lead to the metal Choke Solenoid
housing. “Infinity” should be measured. If “Continuity” is measured, a short to ground exists.
Figure 7-45. – Automatic Choke Assembly
Page 63
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 38 - CHECK ENGINE / CYLINDER LEAK
DOWN TEST / COMPRESSION TEST
GENERAL:
Most engine problems may be classified as one or a
combination of the following:
❏ Will not start.
❏ Starts hard.
❏ Lack of power.
❏ Runs rough.
❏ Vibration.
❏ Overheating.
❏ High oil consumption.
One or more of the following will usually cause loss of
compression:
❏ Blown or leaking cylinder head gasket.
❏ Improperly seated or sticking-valves.
❏ Worn Piston rings or cylinder. (This will also result
in high oil consumption).
NOTE: It is extremely difficult to obtain an accurate compression reading without special equipment. For that reason, compression values are
not published for the V-Twin engine. Testing has
proven that an accurate compression indication
can be obtained using the following method.
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove both spark plugs.
DISCUSSION:
The Cylinder Leak Down Tester checks the sealing
(compression) ability of the engine by measuring air
leakage from the combustion chamber. Compression
loss can present many different symptoms. This test
is designed to detect the section of the engine where
the fault lies before disassembling the engine.
2. Insert a compression gauge into either cylinder.
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove a spark plug.
RESULTS:
The difference in pressure between the two cylinders
should not exceed 25 percent. If the difference is
greater than 25 percent, loss of compression in the
lowest reading cylinder is indicated.
Example 1: If the pressure reading of cylinder #1 is
165 psi and of cylinder #2, 160 psi, the difference is 5
psi. Divide "5" by the highest reading (165) to obtain
the percentage of 3.0 percent.
Example 2: No. 1 cylinder reads 160 psi; No. 2 cylinder reads 100 psi. The difference is 60 psi. Divide "60"
by "160" to obtain "37.5" percent. Loss of compression
in No. 2 cylinder is indicated.
2. Gain access to the flywheel. Remove the valve cover.
3. Rotate the engine crankshaft until the piston reaches top dead
center (TDC). Both valves should be closed.
4. Lock the flywheel at top dead center.
5. Attach cylinder leak down tester adapter to spark plug hole.
6. Connect an air source of at least 90 psi to the leak down tester.
7. Adjust the regulated pressure on the gauge to 80 psi.
8. Read the right hand gauge on the tester for cylinder pressure. 20
percent leakage is normally acceptable. Use good judgement,
and listen for air escaping at the carburetor, the exhaust, and the
crankcase breather. This will determine where the fault lies.
9. Repeat Steps 1 through 8 on remaining cylinder.
RESULTS:
❏ Air escapes at the carburetor – check intake valve.
❏ Air escapes through the exhaust – check exhaust
valve.
❏ Air escapes through the breather – check piston
rings.
❏ Air escapes from the cylinder head – the head gasket should be replaced.
CHECK COMPRESSION:
Lost or reduced engine compression can result in (a)
failure of the engine to start, or (b) rough operation.
Page 64
3. Crank the engine until there is no further increase in pressure.
4. Record the highest reading obtained.
5. Repeat the procedure for the remaining cylinder and record the
highest reading.
If compression is poor, look for one or more of the following causes:
❏ Loose cylinder head bolts.
❏ Failed cylinder head gasket.
❏ Burned valves or valve seats.
❏ Insufficient valve clearance.
❏ Warped cylinder head.
❏ Warped valve stem.
❏ Worn or broken piston ring(s).
❏ Worn or damaged cylinder bore.
❏ Broken connecting rod.
❏ Worn valve seats or valves.
❏ Worn valve guides.
NOTE: Refer to Engine Service manual No.
0E2081 for further engine service information.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
TEST 39 - CHECK OIL PRESSURE SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
Also see “Operational Analysis” on Pages 18-23. The
Low Oil Pressure Switch is normally-closed, but is
held open by engine oil pressure during cranking and
startup. Should oil pressure drop below a safe level,
the switch contacts will close to ground the Wire 85
circuit. Engine controller board action will then initiate
an automatic shutdown.
If the switch fails CLOSED, the engine will crank and
start, but will then shut down after a few seconds.
If the switch fails OPEN, low oil pressure will not
result in automatic shutdown.
3. If oil pressure is below 10 psi, determine cause of low oil pressure. Refer to Engine Service manual No. 0E2081 for further
engine service information. Verify that the oil is the proper viscosity for the climate and season.
4. If all steps check GOOD, go to Test 40.
TEST 40 - TEST OIL TEMPERATURE SWITCH
DISCUSSION:
If the engine cranks, starts and then shuts down, one
possible cause of the problem may be a high oil temperature condition. Protective shutdown is a normal
occurrence if the oil temperature switch exceeds
approximately 270°F for gasoline units, or 284°F for
LP units.
Figure 7-46. – Oil Pressure Switch
PROCEDURE:
1. Check engine oil level. If necessary, replenish oil level to the
dipstick “FULL” mark.
2. Set a VOM to its “Rx1” scale and zero the meter.
3. Connect the meter test leads across the switch terminals, with
engine shut down. The meter should read “Continuity”. A small
amount of resistance is acceptable.
4. Crank the engine. Oil pressure should open the switch contacts
at some point while cranking and starting. Meter should then
indicate “Infinity”.
5. If the contacts did not open in Step 5, remove the low oil pressure switch and connect an oil pressure gauge in it’s place.
Start the engine and measure oil pressure. Pressure should be
above 10 psi.
RESULTS:
1. In Step 3, if “Continuity” is not indicated, replace the switch.
Figure 7-47. – Oil Temperature Switch
PROCEDURE:
1. Remove Wire 85 from Oil Temperature Switch terminal and
start the generator. If engine starts and runs now, but shuts
down when Wire 85 is connected to the switch terminal, the following possibilities exist:
a. Oil temperature is too high.
b. The oil temperature switch has failed closed or
is shorted to ground.
2. Remove the switch and place its sensing tip into oil (Figure 748). Place a thermometer into the oil.
3. Connect the test leads of a VOM across the switch terminals.
The meter should read “Infinity”.
4. Heat the oil. When oil temperature reaches approximately 270284°F., the switch contacts should close and the meter should
read “Continuity”.
2. If oil pressure checked good in Step 5, but Step 4 measured
“Infinity,” replace the low oil pressure switch.
Page 65
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
2. If the Choke Plate did not open in Step 1, check the Choke
Heater. Set the VOM to measure DC voltage. Disconnect
Connector 1 at the Choke Assembly. Connect the positive (+)
meter test lead to Wire 14 (Connector 1, Pin 3) going to the
control panel. Connect the negative (-) meter test lead to a
clean frame ground. Set the Start-Stop Switch to “START.”
Battery voltage should be measured (see Figure 7-43 on
Page 63).
3. If battery voltage was not measured in Step 2, set the VOM to
measure resistance. Disconnect Connector 1 at the Choke
Assembly. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 14 (Connector
1, Pin 3) going to the control panel. Connect the other meter
test lead to the 4-tab Terminal for Wire 14 in the control panel.
“Continuity” should be measured.
Figure 7-48. – Testing Oil Temperature Switch
RESULTS:
1. If the Oil Temperature Switch fails Step 3 or Step 4, replace the
Oil Temperature Switch.
2. If the Oil Temperature Switch is good, an overheat condition
may be occurring. Verify that the installation of the generator is
within specified tolerances. The generator must receive the
proper amount of incoming air, and also be able to exhaust the
cooling air with NO RESTRICTIONS. Check to be sure that the
exhaust pipe is not under the air intake. Refer to the Owner’s
and Installation Manual for proper installation specifications. If
installation is correct, go to Test 24.
TEST 41 - TEST CHOKE HEATER
DISCUSSION:
The Choke Heater is a sensitive heating element
wrapped around a temperature sensitive Bi-Metal
strip. The BI-METAL HEATER ASSEMBLY positions
the Choke Plate during startup. Once running, the BiMetal Heater Assembly will also allow the Choke
Plate to fully open. Power for the heater element is
supplied from Wire 14 to assist the Bi-Metal Heater
Assembly in opening the Choke Plate after starting.
Failure of the Choke Plate to open will cause an
excessively rich fuel-air mixture and engine performance will suffer.
PROCEDURE:
1. Verify that the Choke Plate on the carburetor is mechanically
free to move and is not binding. If the engine runs rough, check
the operation of the BI-METAL HEATER ASSEMBLY. Allow
the engine to run for five minutes, then inspect the choke position. The Bi-Metal strip should have been heated by the Choke
Heater and should have expanded to allow the Choke Plate to
open fully.
Page 66
SHORT TO GROUND:
Set the VOM to measure resistance. Connect one
meter test lead to Wire 14 (Connector 1, Pin 3) going to
the Bi-Metal Heater Assembly. Connect the other meter
test lead to the exposed steel portion of the Bi-Metal
Heater Assembly. Approximately 37 ohms (±20%)
should be measured. (Current draw of the Bi-Metal
Heater Assembly at nominal voltage is approximately
340 milliamps or 0.340 amps). If “Continuity” is present
the Bi-Metal Heater Assembly has a short to ground.
RESULTS:
1. If Choke Plate is binding in Step 1, repair or replace binding
Choke Plate. If Bi-Metal Heater Assembly tests good, go to
Test 35.
2. If continuity was not measured in Step 3, repair or replace Wire
14 between the 4-tab Terminal and Connector 1.
3. If the resistance value is incorrect in the Short to Ground step,
or the Bi-Metal Heater Assembly does not function with voltage
present, replace the Bi-Metal Heater Assembly.
TEST 42 - CHECK LPG FUEL SOLENOID
DISCUSSION:
If the LPG Fuel Solenoid (FS) fails to open, fuel will
not be available to the engine and it will not start.
PROCEDURE:
1. Place one hand on the top of the LPG Fuel Solenoid. Activate
the Fuel Prime Switch. You should be able to feel as well as
hear the solenoid energize. If solenoid energizes discontinue
testing.
2. Set VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Wire 0 from the
LPG Fuel Solenoid. Connect one meter test lead to Wire 0.
Connect the other test lead to a clean frame ground.
“Continuity” should be measured. Reconnect Wire 0 to LPG
shut off valve.
Section 7
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
SHORT TO GROUND:
Set VOM to measure resistance. Disconnect Wire
14A from the LPG Fuel Solenoid. Connect one meter
test lead to LPG Fuel Solenoid. terminal that Wire
14A was just removed from. Connect the other meter
test lead to a clean frame ground. LPG Fuel Solenoid.
coil resistance of approximately 30-32 ohms Should
be measured. Current draw of the LPG Fuel Solenoid
at nominal voltage Is approximately 380 milliamps or
0.380 amps.
RESULTS:
1. If the solenoid energized in Step 1, proceed to Test 32.
2. If “Continuity” was not measured in Step 2 repair or replace
Wire 0 between the LPG Fuel Solenoid (FS) and the Ground
Terminal (GT) in the control panel.
3. If “Continuity” was measured in Step 2, repair or replace the
Fuel Solenoid (FS).
Figure 7-49. – Fuel Solenoid
Page 67
Section 8
ASSEMBLY
MAJOR DISASSEMBLY
ENCLOSURE/PANEL REMOVAL:
1. Remove enclosure door.
2. Remove the nine (9) enclosure roof bolts from the perimeter of
the enclosure roof (a 10mm socket is required).
3. Remove six (6) enclosure side panel bolts from the outside
perimeter Remove two (2) front & side enclosure panel bolts
from the outside perimeter. Remove three (3) enclosure side
panel bolts, located on the inside. Remove three (3) enclosure
side panel nuts, two (2) on the top and one (1) on the side.
Remove enclosure side panel (a 10mm socket is required).
4. Remove one (1) front & side panel enclosure nut located in the
inside corner. Remove front & side enclosure panel (a 10mm
socket is required).
5. Remove four (4) muffler bolts (a 13mm socket is required).
6. Loosen muffler clamp. Remove muffler (a 15mm wrench is
required).
7. Remove three (3) side mounted muffler shield bolts. Remove
two (2) muffler shield nuts located on the inside. Remove muffler shield (a 10mm socket is required).
8. Remove five (5) side and back enclosure panel bolts. Remove
wing nut for control panel access. Remove three (3) upper control panel bolts. Remove one (1) upper control panel nut (a
10mm socket is required). Move control panel down-cut tie
wraps on red and black wires to the circuit breaker.
4. Disconnect Wire 4 and Wire 0 from the brush holder assembly.
5. Remove two (2) brush holder assembly screws. Remove the
brush holder assembly (a 7mm socket is required).
6. Remove Wire 11 and Wire 33 from the circuit breaker.
7. Remove Wire 66 and Wire 77 from the Battery Charge Rectifier
(BCR).
8. Remove Wire 55 from the R1 resistor.
9. Remove Wire 11, Wire 22, and Wire 6 from the Voltage
Regulator (VR).
10. Remove Wire 2 from the DPE circuit breaker (CB2).
11. Remove Wire 22 and Wire 44 from the ground lug.
12. Remove upper bearing carrier.
13. Remove stator.
ROTOR REMOVAL:
1. Perform Stator removal procedure steps 1-13.
2. Remove carburetor air tube.
3. Remove fuel line.
4. Remove two (2) lower control panel nuts (a 10mm socket is
required).
5. Unplug choke solenoid connector.
9. Remove red and black wires from the circuit breaker. Remove
two (2) white and one (1) green wire from the ground lug (using
a 10mm deep well socket).
6. Disconnect Wire 0 and Wire 14 from bullet connectors to fuel
solenoid. Disconnect Wire 0 and Wire 85 from Low Oil
Pressure (LOS) and High Temperature (HT) switches. Remove
positive and negative battery cables from remote box. Unplug
Wires 13,16 & 18 from bullet connectors. Remove control
panel.
10. Remove customer-wiring conduit.
7. Remove four (4) vibration mount nuts (using a 13mm socket).
11. Remove one (1) upper control panel nut. Remove one (1)
lower panel nut in corner. Remove two (2) nuts behind upper
control panel.
8. Remove two safety nuts (using a 15 mm socket).
12. Remove six (6) air in duct base bolts from top of stator.
Remove air in duct base (a 10mm socket is required).
STATOR REMOVAL:
1. Perform enclosure/panel removal steps 1-12.
2. Remove six (6) air in duct base panel bolts from top of stator.
Remove air in duct base (using a 10mm socket).
3. Remove four (4) standoff bolts from top of stator (a 13mm
wrench is required).
Page 68
9. Lift generator out of bottom tray.
10. Remove seven (7) blower housing screws. Remove blower
housing (using a 1/4” socket).
11. Remove two (2) side belt tensioner bolts. Remove belt (a
13mm socket is required).
12. Remove rotor pulley bolt. (14 mm socket) Use steering wheel
puller to remove pulley (use M6 x 1 bolts for puller).
13. Lift rotor and bottom bearing carrier out. Press rotor/bearing
from bottom bearing carrier.
Section 8
ASSEMBLY
BELT TENSIONING:
Tighten all four stator stud nuts to compress the
spring to one half inch (1/2”) between the washer and
support slide.
Tighten the two side bolts to compress the spring to
5/8 of an inch between the washer and bearing carrier
(see Figure 8-1).
ENGINE REMOVAL:
1. Perform rotor removal steps 1-17.
8. Remove four (4) engine mounting bolts (using a 14mm socket).
9. Remove oil fill line mounting clamp.
10. Remove two (2) oil lines to oil filter adapter.
11. Remove engine.
STARTER REMOVAL:
1. Perform enclosure/panel removal steps 1-7.
2. Remove spark plug boot from spark plug left side/cylinder 1.
2. Drain engine oil.
3. Remove engine pulley bolt (using a 14mm socket).
3. Remove nine (9) bolts from cylinder 1 wrap. Remove cylinder
1wrap (using an 8mm socket).
4. Remove engine pulley using steering wheel puller (using 5/16"18 bolts for puller).
4. Remove five (5) bolts from crankcase wrap (using an 8mm
socket).
5. Remove 5 of 6 screws holding exhaust gaskets to tray (an
8mm socket is required).
5. Remove four (4) bolts from oil cooler oil duct. Remove oil duct
(both a 10mm socket and an 8mm socket are required).
6. Remove four (4) exhaust manifold bolts (using a 6mm allen
wrench).
6. Remove crankcase wrap.
7. Remove last screw holding exhaust gasket to tray (an 8mm
socket is required).
7. Remove five (5) bolts holding blower housing (using an 8mm
socket).
Figure 8-1. – Drive Belt Tension
Page 69
Section 8
ASSEMBLY
8. Remove two (2) bolts holding blower housing on each cylinder
head (a 10mm socket is required).
3. Remove nine (9) bolts from cylinder 1 wrap. Remove Cylinder
1 wrap (using an 8mm socket).
9. Loosen four (4) allen head bolts for intake manifold. Tilt manifold forward to gain clearance (using a 6mm allen wrench).
4. Remove five (5) bolts from crankcase wrap (using an 8mm
socket).
10. Remove blower housing.
5. Remove four (4) bolts from oil cooler oil duct. Remove oil duct
(both a 10mm socket and an 8mm socket are required).
11. Remove negative cable from starter motor (using 13mm
socket).
6. Remove crankcase wrap.
12. Remove positive cable and Wire 13 from starter contactor on
starter motor (using 13mm socket).
7. Remove five (5) bolts holding blower housing (using an 8mm
socket).
13. Remove Wire 16 from spade terminal on starter contactor.
14. Remove two (2) starter bolts (using 13mm socket).
8. Remove two (2) bolts holding blower housing on each cylinder
head (a 10mm socket is required).
15. Remove starter motor, watch for possible shim washer on
right side mounting bolt.
9. Loosen four (4) allen head bolts for intake manifold. Tilt manifold forward to gain clearance (using a6mm allen wrench).
FLYWHEEL/MAGNETO REMOVAL:
1. Perform enclosure/panel removal steps 1-7.
2. Remove spark plug boot from spark plug on left side
(Cylinder 1).
Page 70
10. Remove blower housing. Adjust or replace magnetos as
needed.
11. Remove two (2) bolts from plastic fan on flywheel (using a
13mm socket).
12. Remove flywheel nut.(36mm socket) Use steering wheel
puller to remove flywheel (using M8 x 1.25 bolts for puller).
NOTES
Page 71
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
Base & Pulley – Drawing No. 0E1323-A
Page 72
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM PART NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
0E0196
022129
022145
022259
0C7758
0C3168
0C2417
077603
0E0588
029451
0D8912
0E0571
0D8911
043107
0D9021
096289
0D8940
070006
070008
040976
056893
023897
0E1078
0C4138
043116
1
12
15
6
4
1
1
2
1
1.5 FT.
1
2
1
7
1
1
1
4
4
4
6
6
2
2
3
26
022097
4
022097
1
27
022473
3
28
29
0C1751
0C1753B
1
1
073106B
1
075224A
1
075224B
1
0E0586
1
30
31
FRAME, 760 ENGINE
WASHER LOCK M8-5/16
WASHER FLAT 5/16-M8 ZINC
NUT HEX 5/16-18 STEEL
VIB MNT 1.5 X 1.38 X 5/16-18
WASHER LOCK SPECIAL 5/16
EARTH STRAP
SCREW HHC 5/16-18 X 3.5 SPC
SPACER, SAFETY BOLT .375 I.D.
TAPE ELEC UL FOAM 1/8 X ½
DUCT, AIR OUT
GASKET,AIR OUT DUCT
BRACKET, MUFFLER SUPPORT
SCREW HHC M8-1.25 X 25 G8.8
MUFFLER, GTV760 RV
CLAMP, EXHAUST 1.25"
MANIFOLD, EXHAUST
WASHER LOCK M8 SS
WASHER FLAT M8 SS
SCREW SHC M8-1.25 X 20 G12.9
SCREW CRIMPTITE 10-24 X ½
WASHER FLAT #10 ZINC
GASKET, EXH BASE, GTV760 RV
GASKET,EXHAUST PORT
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 12 G8.8 (5.5
KW ONLY)
WASHER LOCK M6-1/4 (5.5 KW
ONLY)
WASHER LOCK M6-1/4 (6.5 & 7.5 KW
ONLY)
WASHER FLAT 1/4-M6 ZINC (5.5 KW
ONLY)
FAN NYLON 7" DIA (5.5 KW ONLY)
PULLEY, ALTERNATOR 2200 RPM
(5.5 KW ONLY)
PULLEY, ALTERNATOR 2500 RPM
(6.5 & 7.5 KW ONLY)
PULLEY, ENGINE 2100 RPM (5.5 KW
ONLY)
PULLEY, ENGINE 2500 RPM (6.5 &
7.5 KW ONLY)
GASKET, BOTTOM AIR OUT QPRV
ITEM PART NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION
32
0D7176
4
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
0E1334
0D8824
081105
073118
046526
022131
0C2824
0E1077
042633
022237
049451
0C1441
0C1112
023484E
0E1534
0D7530
0D9723
0D4511
1
1
2
1
1
1
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
50
0D8981
2
51
52
53
0D8981
0D8451
087680
0D3700
1
1
2
3
0D3700
1
54
087769
1
55
0E0570
1
56
0D9919
1
57
0E1330
1
58
59
60
0E1534A
0A1658
0D5133
0D5133A
1
1
1
1
61
045764
1
WASHER SELF LOCKING 1"DIA
12GA
SCREEN, BOTTOM AIR OUT
TRAY, V-TWIN RV
NUT FLG 5/16-18 LOCK
SCREW HHC 3/8-24 X 2-1/4 G8
WASHER LOCK M10
WASHER FLAT 3/8-M10 ZINC
SCREW TAP-R #10-32 X 9/1
BLOWER HOUSING GTV760 RV
SCREW HHC 3/8-24 X 1 G5
WASHER LOCK 3/8
WASHER FLAT .406ID X 1.62OD
SET,BLOWER HOUSING GASKET
BELT,V-RIB 4LX42.5"
BUSHING SNAP (GASOLINE ONLY)
PLUG PLASTIC 0.687" (LP ONLY)
STUD, M6-1.0 OFFSET
ELEMENT AIR FILTER
PRECLEANER,AIR GTH990 GASOLINE
FILTER GASKET RV (GASOLINE
ONLY)
FILTER GASKET RV (LP ONLY)
WASHER FLAT .281"ID X 1.25"OD
NUT WING M6-1.0
NUT FLANGE M6-1.0 NYLOK (GASOLINE ONLY)
NUT FLANGE M6-1.0 NYLOK (LP
ONLY)
FILTER FUEL 1/8P-5/16H (GASOLINE
ONLY)
ASSEMBLY,NON SHTOFF FUEL
PUMP (GASOLINE ONLY)
ASSEMBLY, RV V-TWIN FUEL LINE
(GASOLINE ONLY)
GROMMET, 38.1 DIA. CROSS SLIT
(GASOLINE ONLY)
PLUG PLASTIC 1.50" (LP ONLY)
WASHER LOCK SPECIAL 1/4"
SCREEN, SPARK ARRESTOR
RETAINER, SPARK ARREST
SCREEN
SCREW HHTT M4-0.7 X 8 BP
Page 73
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
Enclosure – Drawing No. 0E1011-B
Page 74
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
PART NO.
QTY.
DESCRIPTION
0D8827
0A7215
029451
0D8825
0D3700
0D3700
090388
0D8979
0D8960
023484D
0E0594
064113
0E0575
0D8980
0E1376
0E1377
0D8628
0D8910
0D8826
0D9162
0C5644
0D8828
0E0585
0E1486
0E1774
0D9099
074908
022473
022097
022507
0742600149
0C7968
022237
0C7423
0742600151
0A4456
0D8502
0E0593
0742600148
022129
022129
022259
045756
0A2115
029451A
0E1534A
0A5606
0E1528
0A1495
042907
022145
022145
0D8979A
1
22
11.5 FT.
1
14
17
8
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3.5
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
2
8
1
6.5 FT.
1
1
1
2
2
1
3
1
PANEL, ENCLOSURE ROOF
SCREW SW 1/4-20X5/8 N WA JS500
TAPE ELEC UL FOAM 1/8 X 1/2"
PANEL, SIDE AND BACK ENCLOSURE
NUT FLANGE M6-1.0 NYLOK (GASOLINE ONLY)
NUT FLANGE M6-1.0 NYLOK (LP ONLY)
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 12 YC
PANEL, AIR IN DUCT BASE
PANEL, CUSTOMER CONNECTION
BUSHING SNAP SB-875-11
COVER, RV AIR CLEANER BOX
STUD WINGNUT M6-1.0 X 20MM NY
FOAM SEALING STRIP 1" X 12FT
PANEL, AIR IN DUCT BACK
BAFFLE, V-TWIN RV SHORT
BAFFLE, V-TWIN RV LONG
FOAM, AIR OUT COMPARTMENT
PANEL, MUFFLER SHIELD
PANEL, ENCLOSURE SIDE
PANEL, FRONT & SIDE ENCLOSURE
SLIDE LATCH,FLUSH
PANEL, ENCLOSURE DOOR
FOAM PANEL, DOOR 1/2"THK QP RV
HARNESS, AC OUTPUT (5.5, 6.5, & 7.5 KW ONLY)
HARNESS, AC OUTPUT (5.0 & 7.0 KW-50 Hz ONLY)
CUST. CONN. 4KW RV REMOTE
SCREW HHTT M5-0.8 X 10 BP
WASHER FLAT 1/4-M6 ZINC
WASHER LOCK M6-1/4
SCREW HHC 1/4-20 X 1/2 G5
WIRE ASM. BATT. (NEG.) QP RV
NUT HEX JAM 3/8-16 BRASS
WASHER LOCK 3/8
STUD 3/8-16 X 2-1/4 BRASS
GND WIRE C/PNL TO STUD V-T RV
WASHER LOCK SPECIAL 3/8
NEUTRAL CONNETCTOR UL
STUD, 1/4-20 TO 5/16-18
WIRE ASM BATT. (POS.) QP RV
WASHER LOCK M8-5/16 (GASOLINE ONLY)
WASHER LOCK M8-5/16 (LP ONLY)
NUT HEX 5/16-18 STEEL
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 10 YC
WASHER NYLON .250
TAPE, 1/2" X 1/16" CLOSED CELL
PLUG PLASTIC 1.50" (GASOLINE ONLY)
ELBOW 90DEG 3/8X3/4 (LP ONLY)
BRACKET, LP REGULATOR MOUNTING (LP ONLY)
SCREW HHTT M4-0.7 X 10 BP (LP ONLY)
SCREW HHC M8-1.25 X 16 G8.8 (LP ONLY)
WASHER FLAT 5/16-M8 ZINC (GASOLINE ONLY)
WASHER FLAT 5/16-M8 ZINC (LP ONLY)
PANEL, AIR IN DUCT
Page 75
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
Sheet Metal – Drawing No. 0E1012-E
Page 76
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
045756
0D1131
0C3022G
0C9763
0D9782
0C3034
0C3033
051754
0A5992
0C3032
0C3031
0C3725A
0C3016A
023484S
0D9679A
0D9708
0D9681A
056893
072347
0E0998
0D8384
043790A
0D3083
0E0361A
0E0393
0C2824
15
1
1
4
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
13
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
0C2824
065852
075246
0A4456
0A2311
070185
0A8584
0A5360
043182
0C1085
0E1497
1
1
4
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
37
38
075281
0D9399
0D9513
1
1
1
0E1498
1
39
40
41
0D1366
0D9395
077075
2
1
1
42
0A7094
2
43
0D8590
1
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
0D8591
045770
049226
051713
0D9402
077091
082025
0E1247
055173
022129
022145
0D9403
0E1246
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
0D9400
1
DESCRIPTION
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY.
DESCRIPTION
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 10 YC
GUARD,FAN 12KW HSB
HOUSING, BLOWER V-TWIN RV
NUT,GROMMET 1/4 PLUG
HOSE, BREATHER
NUT HEX M24-2.0 G8 YEL CHR
WASHER,BELLEVILLE 25MM BOLT
SCREW HHC M8-1.25 X 12 G8.8
WASHER SHAKEPROOF INT M8 SS
PLATE, FAN GTV-990
FAN NYLON GTV-990
FLYWHEEL ASSY GT-990
PLATE,BACKING GT990 W/OIL COOL
BUSHING SNAP
WRAP, CRANKCASE GTV760 RV SPCC
GT760 VERTICAL SHAFT RV ENGINE
WRAP, CYL 1 GTV760 RV SPCC
SCREW CRIMPTITE 10-24 X ½
SPARK PLUG
CLAMP VINYL 9.5 O.D. TUBE
TUBE, OIL DRAIN & CHECK
BARBED EL 90 3/8NPT X 3/8 VS
ASSEMBLY, OIL DRAIN HOSE
OIL DRAIN / DIPSTICK TUBE VTW
ASSEMBLY, CAP & DIP STICK
SCREW TAP-R #10-32 X 9/16 (GASOLINE ONLY)
SCREW TAP-R #10-32 X 9/16 (LP ONLY)
SPRING CLIP HOLDER .37-.62
SCREW HHTT 3/8-16 X 1-1/4 CZ
WASHER LOCK SPECIAL 3/8
SCREW SWAGE 1/4-20 X 1 Z/YC
FILTER, OIL D 69X64 LG
SWITCH OIL PRESSURE HOBBS
SUPPORT OIL FLTR,FLARE
WASHER LOCK M3
SCREW PPHM M3-0.5 X 8
SWITCH, OIL HIGH TEMP (GASOLINE
ONLY)
SWITCH, OIL HIGH TEMP (LP ONLY)
ASSEMBLY, GOVERNOR LEVER
SPRING, GOV.(5.5 KW & 5.0 KW-50HZ
ONLY)
SPRING, GOV.(6.5/7.5 KW & 7.0 KW50HZ ONLY)
BUSHING, GOVERNOR ROD
ROD, GOVERNOR
BOOT CHOKE SOLENOID (GASOLINE
ONLY)
RHMS 4-40 X 1/4 SEMS (GASOLINE
ONLY)
ASSY, BI-METAL/HEATER (GASOLINE
ONLY)
SOLENOID, CHOKE (GASOLINE ONLY)
SCREW HHC M5-0.8 X 10 G8.8
WASHER LOCK M5
WASHER FLAT M5
LINKAGE, CHOKE (GASOLINE ONLY)
COTTER PIN (GASOLINE ONLY)
NUT LOCK HEX M5-0.8 SS NYL INS
ASSEMBLY, GOV. ADJUSTMENT
SCREW HHC M8-1.25 X 20 G10.9
WASHER LOCK M8-5/16
WASHER FLAT 5/16-M8 ZINC
LINKAGE CHOKE BELLCRANK/CARB
ASSEM., CHOKE BRACKET (GASOLINE
ONLY)
BRACKET, CHOKE (LP ONLY)
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
0A7095
0D9404
0D9801A
0C3018A
0D9680A
0D1143A
0C3053
085011
0D9852
022097
092079
0C1546
0C1547
082774
0A5358
0D9312
0D9314
0C1557
0A9028
0D9682A
0D9270
048031A
0D9269
0E0142
078643B
0D9219
0E0573
0D8807
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
8
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
0E1217
0E0572
0C3043
0D8836
049821
070008
070006
035461A
0C7649
0C9806
0C3026
0D9683A
0C9764
036933
0E0246
0D9394
022152
022158
043116
049811
047411
066849B
057822
074994
075476
1
1
2
1
4
4
4
2
4
2
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
4
2
2
2
2.25 FT.
1
109
082121A
1
110
111
112
038150
022264
051715
1
1
1
RHMS 4-40 X 5/16SEMS
SPRING, CHOKE RETURN
WRAP, VALLEY UPPER SPCC
WRAPPER,UPR #1 W/ M8 WELD NUT
WRAP, VALLEY GTV760 RV SPCC
WRAPPER,UPR #2 W/ M8 WELD NUT
ASSY GROUND WIRE GTV990
INSULATOR ASM IGN
ASSY,IGNITION COIL GT760 RV
WASHER LOCK M6-1/4
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 25 BP
O-RING 59.92 X 66.98 X 3.53MM
O-RING 21.89 X 27.13 X 2.62MM
KEY, WOODRFF 4 X 19D
ADPTR OIL PAD, FLARE
TUBE, ENGINE OIL RETURN
TUBE, ENGINE OIL OUT
O-RING 20.35 X 23.91 X 1.78MM
BOLT, OIL ADAPTOR
WRAP, CYL 2 GTV760 RV SPCC
INTAKE TUBE 1.25" X 20 GA
HOSE CLMP-BAND 1 5/8
BOOT, INTAKE AIRBOX
BOOT, CARB ADAPTOR
BOLT,CARB MOUNT M6 X 1.0 -85LG
ADAPTER, AIR INTAKE CARB
GASKET,CARB TO ADAPTOR
CARBURETOR, GT-760 (GASOLINE
ONLY)
CARBURETOR, GT-760 (LP ONLY)
GASKET,CARB TO INTAKE MANIFOLD
GASKET INTAKE PORT GT990
MANIFOLD, INTAKE 760 RV
SCREW SHC M8-1.25 X 30 G12.9
WASHER FLAT M8 SS
WASHER LOCK M8 SS
BARBED STR 1/4NPT X 3/8 W/VS
CLAMP HOSE 0.38" - 0.87"
HOSE,3/8"IDX6"L 300F
COOLER, OIL GTV-990
DUCT, OIL CLR GTV760 RV SPCC
PLASTITE,1/4-15 X ¾
SCREW PPHM #10-32 X 3/8
SCREW HHTT #4-40 X ¼
PLATE, THROTTLE
WASHER LOCK #10
NUT HEX #10-32 STEEL
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 12 G8.8
WASHER FLAT M6
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 16 G8.8
SCREW HHTT M5-0.8 X 8 BP
CLAMP HOSE #8 .53 - 1.00 (LP ONLY)
HOSE 1\2 ID (LP ONLY)
SCREW PPHM M4-0.7 X 16 (GASOLINE
ONLY)
CLIP-J VINYL COAT .375 ID (GASOLINE
ONLY)
WASHER FLAT #8 (GASOLINE ONLY)
WASHER LOCK #8 (GASOLINE ONLY)
NUT HEX M4-0.7 G8 YC (GASOLINE
113
0D6029
2
ONLY)
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 16 YC
114
055934D
1
115
116
022473
090388
1
1
117
0E3200
1
CLAMP VINYL 1.06 X .406 (LP
ONLY)
WASHER FLAT 1/4-M6 (LP ONLY)
SCREW HHTT M6-1.0 X 12 (LP
ONLY)
CLAMP VINYL .437" X .281"
Page 77
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
Control Panel – Drawing No. 0E1013-A
Page 78
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM PART NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
0C2375
022145
029459
075215
052858
047411
022097
022473
080925
0D9921
066849
066386
0C9674
0E0363H
0E0364H
0E0362H
073159
077005H
077004H
073163H
031971
077006
0C9675
0A5351
073146
0C1878
075242
075237
090145
2
2
2
2
6
7
13
10
8
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
2
2
4
4
1
0E1529
1
090144
1
090145
1
0E1529
1
025105
0A9611
032300
092113
087798
4
1
1
1
1
SCREW HHC M8-1.25 X 90 G8.8
WASHER FLAT 5/16-M8 ZINC
TENSION SPRING
WASHER, SPRING CENTER
NUT LOCK FL M8-1.25
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 16 G8.8
WASHER LOCK M6-1/4
WASHER FLAT 1/4-M6 ZINC
WASHER NYLON .404
STANDOFF, 1/2" HEX
SCREW HHTT M5-0.8 X 16
ASSY, BRUSH HOLDER
BEARING CARRIER, UP
STATOR ASSEMBLY (5.5 KW ONLY)
STATOR ASSEMBLY (6.5 KW ONLY)
STATOR ASSEMBLY (7.5 KW ONLY)
BEARING BALL
ROTOR ASSEMBLY (5.5 KW ONLY)
ROTOR ASSEMBLY (6.5 KW ONLY)
ROTOR ASSEMBLY (7.5 KW ONLY)
BEARING
STUD,RV STATOR D/C
BEARING CARRIER, LOW
NYLON SLIDE
SLIDE, NYLON
SUPPORT, SLIDE
SPRING, GEN. MOUNT
WASHER, SPRING CENTER
CIRCUIT BREAKER 30 X 1 (5.5 & 6.5
KW ONLY)
CIRCUIT BREAKER 35 X 1 (7.5 KW
ONLY)
CIRCUIT BREAKER 20 X 1 (5.5 KW
ONLY)
CIRCUIT BREAKER 30 X 1 (6.5 KW
ONLY)
CIRCUIT BREAKER 35 X 1 (7.5 KW
ONLY)
SCREW RHM 6-32 X 1/4 SIMS
FUSE 7.5 AMP
HOLDER FUSE
SWITCH SPDT ON-MOM-ON
SWITCH 6A SPDT
ITEM PART NO. QTY. DESCRIPTION
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
055440
0D9377
054502
031879
043182
051714
092234
049226
051716
023484R
0D3700
0D9378
052619
075476
065795
0C2174
092120
049721
0A1658
0742600146
049813
023484D
0742600151
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
084867
043181
075210A
022264
051715
0C7605
083049
089047
075234
0A2053
058000K
0D8941
029451A
0E0583
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
2.3 FT.
1
0E1812
1
0E1375
1
69
2
1
1
4
4
4
1
5
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
4
2
2
1
4
1
1
SCREW HHC M5-0.8 X 25 G8.8
PANEL, TOP CONTROL
CIRCUIT BREAKER 3 X 1
WASHER FLAT #4 ZINC
WASHER LOCK M3
NUT HEX M3-0.5 G8 YEL CHR
ASSY POTTED RV CNTL
WASHER LOCK M5
NUT HEX M5-0.8 G8 YEL CHR
BUSHING SNAP
NUT FLANGE M6-1.0 NYLOK
PANEL, BOTTOM CONTROL
SCREW HHC M5-0.8 X 20 G8.8
SCREW PPHM M4-0.7 X 16
RECTIFIER-BATTERY CHARGE
RELAY 12V 25A SPST
NUT LOCK TRIC M6 X 1.0 Y/ZNC
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 35 G8.8 BLK
WASHER LOCK SPECIAL 1/4"
WIRE ASM GRD STD CONN.
NUT HEX M6 X 1.0 G8 YEL CHR
BUSHING SNAP
GROUND WIRE C/PNL TO STUD V-T
RV
RUBBER U-CHANNEL
SCREW PHM M3-0.5 X 10MM
BLOCK 1 POSITION
WASHER LOCK #8-M4
NUT HEX M4-0.7 G8 YEL CHR
SCREW HHC M5-0.8 X 60 G8.8
ASY POTTED REG W/FIN
SPACER .25 X .43 X .55 ST/ZNC
RESISTOR WW LUG 1R 5% 25W
SCREW HHC M6-1.0 X 65 G8.8
NUT TRIC M5 X .8
COMPARTMENT, AIR BOX
TAPE, 1/2" X 1/16" CLOSED CELL
WIRE HARNESS, QP RV (GASOLINE
ONLY)(NOT SHOWN)
WIRE HARNESS, QP RV (LP ONLY)
(NOT SHOWN)
WIRE ASS'Y STARTER TO C/PNL
(NOT SHOWN)
Page 79
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
760 V-Twin Engine – Drawing No. 0E1014-B
Page 80
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM PART NO. QTY.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15A
0C5730A
0C3008
090388
0C5372
0C3005
0C3003
0D8067A
0C2981C
071983
0C5848
021533
071980
0D4041
0C2983
0C2985A
1
1
6
1
1
3
1
1
4
2
2
2
1
1
2
15B
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
0C2985B
0D4042
0A7811
0C2977
0C5943
0D4122A
0D3961
0C2978
093873
021374
0C2994
0C2997
0C2995
0C2996
0C3011
0C3009
0C3010
050873A
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
3
3
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
DESCRIPTION
ASSEMBLY, CRANKCASE RV
SEAL, 38 I.D. CRANKCASE
SCREW, HHTT M6-1.0 X 12mm
ASSEMBLY, BREATHER
GASKET, BREATHER COVER
SEPARATOR, OIL BREATHER
ASSEMBLY, HEAD #1
COVER, ROCKER
RETAINER, PISTON PIN 20
PISTON, HC
SET, PISTON RING 90mm
PIN , PISTON D20
ASSEMBLY, CAMSHAFT & GEAR
SHAFT, GOVERNOR
ROLLER BEARING, GOVERNOR
PLATE
ROLLER BEARING, GOVERNOR
ASSEMBLY, GOVERNOR GEAR
SPOOL, GOVERNOR MACHINED
GASKET, CRANK CASE
SEAL, OIL PASSAGE
ASSEMBLY, CRANKSHAFT
ASSEMBLY, CONNECTING ROD
GASKET, HEAD
WASHER, LOCK RIB M6
SCREW, SHC M6-1.0 X 30mm
SCREEN, OIL PICKUP
COVER, GEROTOR
GEROTOR, INNER
GEROTOR, OUTER
COVER, OIL RELIEF
SPRING, OIL RELIEF
BALL, 1/2D OIL RELIEF
1/4" NPT PIPE PLUG
ITEM PART NO. QTY.
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
0C2991
0D1667A
0C2988
0C2992
0C5732
0C2993
0C3007
0D9756
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
0C3006
0C8566
0C2982
093064
0C2979
086515
0D2274
0D3867
078672
0C5371
0D5326
0D5354
0D5313
0D6023
10
8
1
1
2
8
4
4
2
4
4
4
4
4
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
0D6024
0C2976
0D8067B
0C2229
086516
0D9853D
083897
0C3017
022129
061906
2
12
1
2
2
4
4
1
2
2
DESCRIPTION
E-RING, GOVERNOR ARM
ARM, GOVERNOR
THRUST WASHER, GOVERNOR
BUSHING, GOVERNOR LOWER
ASSEMBLY, SUMP WITH SLEEVE
SEAL, GOVERNOR SHAFT
SEAL, 42 I.D. CRANKSHAFT
CONNECTOR, 3/8NPT TO INVTD
FLR 3/8OD
SCREW, HHFC M10-1.5 X 55mm
SCREW HHFC M6-1.0 X 20mm
COVER, ROCKER WITH OIL FILL
ASSEMBLY, OIL FILL CAP
GASKET, VALVE COVER
KEEPER, VALVE SPRING
RETAINER, VALVE SPRING
SPRING, VALVE
SEAL, VALVE STEM D7
WASHER, VALVE SPRING
NUT, JAM ROCKER ARM
PIVOT, ROCKER ARM
ROCKER ARM
STUD, ROCKER ARM M8-1.0 x
57mm
PLATE, PUSH ROD GUIDE
SCREW HHFC M8-1.25 X 65mm
ASSEMBLY, HEAD #2
VALVE, INTAKE
VALVE, EXHAUST
PUSHROD 147
TAPPET, SOLID
STARTER, V-TWIN ENGINE
WASHER LOCK M8
SCREW, HHC M8-1.25 X 85mm
Page 81
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
LP Regulator – Drawing No. 0E1530
Page 82
Section 9
Exploded Views / Part Numbers
ITEM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
PART NO.
0D5694
075475
022264
043180
0C5765
0C6070*
0C4680*
0C4647
0C4643
0D3973
0C6606
026073
0D3308
070728
0C5764
0C4643A
0C6066
0C5968
0C5759
0C5761
0C6069
0C6731
0C6067
0C4706
0C6068
0C5762
045764
QTY.
1
4
4
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
8
DESCRIPTION
CASTING, TWIN REGULATOR HOUSING
SCREW PPHM M4-0.7 X 10
WASHER LOCK #8-M4
WASHER FLAT M4
SOLENOID, TWIN REGULATOR
SPRING-SOLENOID PLUNGER
PLUNGER LP REG. ASSY
GASKET, SOLENOID
INLET, TWIN REGULATOR NO HOLE
PLUG, EXPANSION 16MM TWINREG
BARBED STR 1/2 X 1/2NPT W/VS
PLUG STD PIPE 1/8 STEEL SQ HD
WASHER FLAT 3.2MM ID X 10MM OD
SCREW PFILHM M3-0.5 X 5
SPRING, REGULATOR 45N/M 32MM
INLET, TWIN REG 11.11 DIA.
SEAL, INLET REGULATOR
SUPPORT, INLET SEAL
PIN, PIVOT ARM
LEVER, REGULATOR
GASKET, DIAPHRAGM
RIVET .118 X .125 ALUMINUM
SUPPORT, DIAPHRAGM
DIAPHRAGM, TWIN REGULATOR
CAP, DIAPHRAGM SUPPORT
COVER,TWIN REGULATOR
SCREW HHTT M4-0.7 X 8 BP
* ITEMS 6 AND 7 NOT SOLD SEPARATELY. ORDER KIT P/N 0D4166
Page 83
Section 10
SPECIFICATIONS & CHARTS
Major Features and Dimensions – Drawing No. 0E1058-C
Page 84
Section 10
SPECIFICATIONS & CHARTS
GENERATOR SPECIFICATIONS
TYPE
QUIETPACT 55
QUIETPACT 65
QUIETPACT 75
MODEL
4702/4703
4704/4705
4706/4707
WEIGHT
326/329 pounds
328/331 pounds
330/333 pounds
TYPE OF ROTOR
Two-pole
Two-pole
Two-pole
RATED WATTS
5500
6500
7500
RATED VOLTS
120
120
120
PHASE
1-Phase
1-Phase
1-Phase
RATED MAXIMUM
LOAD AMPERES
45.8
54.2
62.5
RATED FREQUENCY
60 Hz
60 Hz
60 Hz
OPERATING SPEED
2200 rpm
2571 rpm
2571 rpm
ENGINE MODEL
GTV-760
GTV-760
GTV-760
TYPE OF ENGINE
Vertical Shaft
Vertical Shaft
Vertical Shaft
FUEL SYSTEM
Gasoline/LP
Gasoline/LP
Gasoline/LP
COOLING SYSTEM
Air-Cooled
Air-Cooled
Air-Cooled
OIL SYSTEM
Pressurized with Filter
Pressurized with Filter
Pressurized with Filter
OIL PUMP
Trochoid Type
Trochoid Type
Trochoid Type
AIR CLEANER
Paper element
w/foam pre-cleaner
Paper element
w/foam pre-cleaner
Paper element
w/foam pre-cleaner
STARTER
12 VDC electric
12 VDC electric
12 VDC electric
IGNITION SYSTEM
Solid State
Solid State
Solid State
SPARK PLUG
Champion RC12YC
(or equivalent)
Champion RC12YC
(or equivalent)
Champion RC12YC
(or equivalent)
SPARK PLUG GAP
0.030 inch
(0.76mm)
0.030 inch
(0.76mm)
0.030 inch
(0.76mm)
NOMINAL RESISTANCES OF GENERATOR WINDINGS AT 68°F
TYPE
QUIETPACT 55
QUIETPACT 65
QUIETPACT 75
MODEL
4702/4703
4704/4705
4706/4707
0.280 - 0.320 ohms
0.209 - 0.242 ohms
0.157 - 0.182 ohms
Excitation "DPE" Winding
Lead 2 to 6
1.41 - 1.63 ohms
1.59 - 1.84 ohms
1.12 - 1.30 ohms
Battery Charge Windings
Lead 55 to 66
Lead 55 to 77
0.100 - 0.116 ohms
0.100 - 0.116 ohms
0.104 - 0.107 ohms
0.087 - 0.101 ohms
0.092 - 0.107 ohms
0.076 - 0.088 ohms
Rotor Winding
Slip Ring to Slip Ring
14.88 ohms
10.81ohms
14.50 - 16.0 ohms
Power Windings
Lead 11 to 22
Lead 11S to 22S
Lead 33 to 44
Page 85
Section 10
SPECIFICATIONS & CHARTS
ENGINE SPEEDS AND VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS
Listed below are normal running voltages, load voltages and frequency ranges.
LOAD %
VOLTAGE (VAC)
FREQUENCY (Hz)
0
123-126
62-63
50
118-122
62-59
100
112-118
57-61
TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
LONG BLOCK TORQUE REQUIREMENTS
HEAD BOLTS
SUMP COVER BOLTS
CONNECTING ROD CAP BOLTS
VALVE COVER BOLTS
ROCKER ARM JAM NUTS
OIL PRESSURE RELIEF COVER BOLT
OIL FILTER ADAPTER
IGNITION COILS
INTAKE MANIFOLD
FAN RETAINER
LARGE AND SMALL PULLEY
22 ft-lbs (±5%)
36 ft-lbs
16.2 - 19.8 ft-lbs
4.8 - 5.5 ft-lbs
156.6 - 191.4 in-lbs
7.4 ft-lbs
9 ft-lbs
6.7 - 8.1 ft-lbs
12.6 - 15.4 ft-lbs
16 - 20 ft-lbs
34.2 - 41.8 ft-lbs
TRIM TORQUE REQUIREMENTS
M3-.5 PHILLIPS PAN HEAD SCREW INTO ALUMINUM
50 in-lbs
M6-1 TAPTITE SCREW INTO ALUMINUM
96 in-lbs
M6-1 TAPTITE SCREW INTO WELDNUT
96 in-lbs
M8-1.25 TAPTITE SCREW INTO ALUMINUM
18 ft-lbs
STARTER BRACKET TO BLOCK
18 ft-lbs
GOVERNOR LEVER PINCH BOLT
FLYWHEEL NUT
SPARK PLUG
120 in-lbs
135 - 165 ft-lbs
15 ft-lbs
RV TORQUE REQUIREMENTS
EXHAUST OUTLET BOLTS
STATOR BOLTS
M6-1 TAPTITE SCREW INTO PIERCED HOLE
18 ft-lbs
7.2 - 8.8 ft-lbs
96 in-lbs
Refer to Engine Service Manual No. 0E2081 for complete GTV-760/990 V-Twin OHVI engine service information.
Page 86
NOTES
Page 87
Section 11
ELECTRICAL DATA
Electrical Schematic and Wiring Diagram – Drawing No. 0E1057-D
Page 88
Section 11
ELECTRICAL DATA
Electrical Schematic and Wiring Diagram – Drawing No. 0E1057-D
Page 89
PO BOX 297 WHITEWATER, WI 53190
www.guardiangenerators.com
P/N OE7225 REV O
PRINTED IN THE USA/9.03
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement