User manual | Honeywell KLN 94 GPS Receiver User Manual

Honeywell KLN 94 GPS Receiver User Manual
Thank You!
WARNING! Do not travel at high speed with the unit cover installed. Remove the unit
cover before traveling at speeds above 20 mph.
Thank you for choosing Humminbird®, America's #1 name in fishfinders.
Humminbird® has built its reputation by designing and manufacturing
top-quality, thoroughly reliable marine equipment. Your Humminbird® is
designed for trouble-free use in even the harshest marine environment. In
the unlikely event that your Humminbird® does require repairs, we offer an
exclusive Service Policy - free of charge during the first year after purchase,
and available at a reasonable rate after the one-year period. For complete
details, see the Warranty section in this manual. We encourage you to read
this installation and operations manual carefully in order to get full benefit
from all the features and applications of your Humminbird® product.
NOTE: Some features discussed in this manual require a separate purchase, and some
features are only available on international models. Every effort has been made to clearly
identify those features. Please read the manual carefully in order to understand the full
capabilities of your model.
ATTENTION INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS: Products sold in the U.S. are not
intended for use in the international market. Humminbird® international units
provide international features and are designed to meet country and regional
regulations. Languages, maps, time zones, units of measurement, and warranty
are examples of features that are customized for Humminbird® international
units purchased through our authorized international distributors.
Contact our Customer Resource Center at either 1-800-633-1468 or visit our
web site at humminbird.com.
To obtain a list of authorized international distributors, please visit our web
site at www.humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at
(334) 687-6613.
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XM WX® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio and Weather to the Power of X® is a
registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio Inc. All rights reserved.
WARNING! This device should not be used as a navigational aid to prevent collision,
grounding, boat damage, or personal injury. When the boat is moving, water depth may
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WARNING! Disassembly and repair of this electronic unit should only be performed by
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800 Series™, 900 Series™, Cannon®, CannonLink™, Contour XD™, Down Imaging™, DualBeam
PLUS™, Fish ID+™, HumminbirdPC™, Humminbird®, InterLink™, One-Touch® Zoom,
QuadraBeam PLUS™, RTS™ Window, Side Imaging®, SmartCast®, SwitchFire™, Structure ID®,
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WARNING! This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and/or reproductive harm.
© 2010 Humminbird®, Eufaula AL, USA. All rights reserved.
i
Table of Contents
Introduction
1
858c & 958c Inside the Hull Transducer Installation
DualBeam PLUS™ Transducer, XNT 9 20 T (858c and 958c only)
24
Locating the transducer mounting location ........................................................................24
Trial installation ......................................................................................................................25
Routing the cable....................................................................................................................26
Permanently mounting the transducer ................................................................................26
How Sonar Works ....................................................................................................................1
High Definition Side Imaging® Sonar (898c SI and 998c SI only) ............................................2
DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar (858c, 898c SI, 958c, 998c SI) ..........................................................3
QuadraBeam PLUS™ Sonar (optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer only) ..........3
Universal Sonar 2......................................................................................................................4
How GPS and Cartography Work ............................................................................................4
Fishing System Configuration..................................................................................................5
Accessory Bus ..........................................................................................................................5
Video-Out and RS 232 Connectors ..........................................................................................6
Installation Overview
6
Control Head Installation
6
898c SI & 998c SI Transom Mount Transducer Installation
Side Imaging Transducer, XHS 9 HDSI 180T (898c SI or 998c SI only)
27
Overview..................................................................................................................................28
Locating transducer mounting location ................................................................................28
Mounting the transducer bracket to the boat......................................................................29
Attaching the pivot to the transducer ..................................................................................30
Mounting the transducer pivot assembly to the bracket ....................................................30
Adjusting the running position of the transducer................................................................31
Routing the cable....................................................................................................................32
Testing the installation ..........................................................................................................33
Gimbal Mounting the Control Head........................................................................................7
Connecting the Control Head Power Cable to the Boat......................................................11
Transducer Installation Overview
12
858c & 958c Transom Mount Transducer Installation
Trolling Motor Transducer Installation
DualBeam PLUS™ Transducer, XNT 9 20 T (858c and 958c only)
13
Overview..................................................................................................................................13
Locating the transducer mounting location..........................................................................14
Preparing the Mounting Location ........................................................................................15
Assembling the Transducer and Initial Mounting................................................................16
Routing the Cable ..................................................................................................................20
Test and Finish the Installation..............................................................................................21
Locking Down the Transducer (Optional)..............................................................................23
33
Trolling Motor Transducer Options ........................................................................................33
Test and Finish the Transducer Installation ..........................................................................33
GPS Receiver Installation Overview
34
Stem Mounting with an Existing 1" - 14 Thread Stem........................................................35
Access Under Mounting Location ........................................................................................36
No Access Under Mounting Location ..................................................................................36
Finish Routing the Cable and Check GPS Receiver Operation............................................37
ii
531743-1_B
Table of Contents
Testing the System Installation
38
Power On the Control Head
39
What’s on the Control Head
39
Key Functions
40
Sonar Bottom Presentation....................................................................................................47
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display (898c SI and 998c SI only)
POWER/LIGHT Key..................................................................................................................40
VIEW Key ................................................................................................................................40
MENU Key ..............................................................................................................................40
4-WAY Cursor Control Key (RIGHT, LEFT, UP, or DOWN Cursor Keys) ................................41
VIEW PRESET Keys ................................................................................................................41
EXIT Key ..................................................................................................................................41
INFO Key ................................................................................................................................42
MARK Key................................................................................................................................42
GOTO Key ................................................................................................................................42
ZOOM (+/-) Keys ....................................................................................................................42
Multi-Media Card (MMC)/SD Slots
Views
53
Side Imaging® View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ....................................................................55
Down Imaging™ View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ................................................................56
Sonar View ..............................................................................................................................57
Sonar Zoom View....................................................................................................................58
Split Sonar View......................................................................................................................59
Snapshot and Recording View (optional-purchase MMC/SD card required) ........................60
Side Beam View (optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer required) ..................65
Bird’s Eye View........................................................................................................................67
Chart View ..............................................................................................................................68
Combo Views ..........................................................................................................................69
Combo Views: Functions ........................................................................................................69
Side Imaging/Sonar Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ..............................................69
Chart/Bird’s Eye Combo View................................................................................................70
Chart/Chart Combo View ......................................................................................................70
Chart/Sonar Combo View ......................................................................................................71
Chart/Side Imaging Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ..............................................71
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging® Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ..........................72
43
Add Maps to Your Fishing System ........................................................................................43
Update Software ....................................................................................................................44
Export Navigation Data ..........................................................................................................44
What’s on the Sonar Display
48
Understanding the Side Imaging® Display ..........................................................................49
Side Imaging® Frequencies and Coverage............................................................................50
For Best Performance ............................................................................................................51
On the Water Interpretation ..................................................................................................51
45
Understanding the Sonar Display..........................................................................................46
Real Time Sonar (RTS™) Window ........................................................................................46
SwitchFire™ ............................................................................................................................46
Freeze Frame and Active Cursor ............................................................................................47
Instant Image Update ............................................................................................................47
iii
Table of Contents
Chart/Down Imaging™ Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ........................................72
Down Imaging™/Sonar Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ........................................73
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging/Sonar Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only) ................73
View Orientation ....................................................................................................................74
Viewing Cartography
74
Introduction to Navigation
76
Quick Tips for the Main Menu ..............................................................................................86
Note for all Menu Settings ....................................................................................................86
User Mode (Normal or Advanced) ........................................................................................87
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
Active Side (Combo Views only) ..............................................................................................88
Split Position (Combo Views only) ..........................................................................................88
Sensitivity ................................................................................................................................89
Upper Range (Advanced: Sonar, Split Sonar and Active Sonar Side Views only) ..................89
Lower Range ..........................................................................................................................90
Chart Speed ............................................................................................................................90
Quad Layout
(with optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ Transducer, Side Beam View only) ............90
Bottom Lock (Sonar Zoom View only) ....................................................................................91
Bottom Range (Sonar Zoom View only, when Bottom Lock is On) ........................................91
Cancel Navigation (only when Navigating) ............................................................................91
Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks..............................................................................................76
Save, Edit, or Delete a Waypoint ..........................................................................................77
Navigate to a Waypoint or Position ......................................................................................78
Add a Waypoint Target or Trolling Grid ................................................................................78
Save, Edit or Delete a Route..................................................................................................79
Save or Clear a Current Track ................................................................................................80
Edit, Delete, or Hide Saved Tracks ........................................................................................80
Man Overboard (MOB) Navigation........................................................................................81
The Menu System
82
Start-Up Options Menu
82
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
(Side Imaging Views only [898c SI, 998c SI])
92
Active Side (Combo Views only) ..............................................................................................92
Split Position (Combo Views only) ..........................................................................................92
SI Side......................................................................................................................................93
SI Sensitivity............................................................................................................................93
SI Enhance ..............................................................................................................................93
SI Range ..................................................................................................................................94
Chart Speed ............................................................................................................................94
SI Colors ..................................................................................................................................94
Simulator ................................................................................................................................83
System Status ........................................................................................................................83
Self Test ..................................................................................................................................83
Accessory Test ........................................................................................................................84
GPS Diagnostic View ..............................................................................................................84
X-Press™ Menu
85
Main Menu
85
88
iv
Table of Contents
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
(Down Imaging™ Views only [898c SI, 998c SI])
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu
(Snapshot and Recording View only)
Start Recording
95
Active Side (Combo Views only) ..............................................................................................95
Split Position (Combo Views only) ..........................................................................................95
Down Sensitivity ....................................................................................................................96
Upper Range (Advanced: Down Imaging™ Views only) ........................................................96
Lower Range ..........................................................................................................................97
Chart Speed ............................................................................................................................97
SI Colors ..................................................................................................................................97
Cancel Navigation (only when Navigating) ............................................................................97
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
102
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................102
Stop Recording (optional-purchase MMC/SD Card only) ......................................................102
Delete Image (optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ........102
Delete All Images
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................103
Delete Recording
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................103
Delete All Recordings
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................103
Pings Per Second
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................103
Playback Speed
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and Recording View only) ............................103
Stop Playback (optional-purchase MMC/SD Card only) ........................................................104
98
Active Side (Combo Views only) ..............................................................................................98
Split Position (Combo Views only) ..........................................................................................98
Waypoint [Name] (Only with an active cursor on a waypoint) ..............................................99
Cursor to Waypoint (Chart or Combo View only) ....................................................................99
Save Current Track..................................................................................................................99
Clear Current Track ................................................................................................................99
Save Current Route (only when Navigating) ........................................................................100
Skip Next Waypoint (only when Navigating)........................................................................100
Cancel Navigation (only when Navigating) ..........................................................................100
Cancel MOB Navigation (only when MOB Navigation is activated) ....................................100
Remove Target (only if a Target is Active) ............................................................................100
Remove Grid (only if a Grid is Active) ....................................................................................100
Waypoint [Name] (Most recently-created waypoint) ............................................................101
Alarms Menu Tab
105
Depth Alarm ..........................................................................................................................105
Fish ID Alarm ........................................................................................................................105
Low Battery Alarm................................................................................................................106
Aux. Temp Alarm (with optional-purchase temp. probe or Temp/Speed only) ....................106
Temp. Alarm ..........................................................................................................................106
Off Course Alarm ..................................................................................................................106
Arrival Alarm..........................................................................................................................107
Drift Alarm ............................................................................................................................107
Alarm Tone ............................................................................................................................107
v
Table of Contents
Sonar Menu Tab
108
Waypoints..............................................................................................................................117
Routes....................................................................................................................................118
Chart Orientation ..................................................................................................................118
North Reference....................................................................................................................118
Waypoint Decluttering (Advanced) ......................................................................................118
Trolling Grid Rotation............................................................................................................119
Trackpoint Interval ................................................................................................................119
Track Min Distance (Advanced) ............................................................................................119
Track Color Range ................................................................................................................119
Map Datum (Advanced) ........................................................................................................120
Course Projection Line..........................................................................................................120
3D View Outline ....................................................................................................................120
Export All Nav Data (Advanced) ..........................................................................................120
Delete All Nav Data (Advanced) ..........................................................................................120
Continuous Navigation Mode..............................................................................................120
GPS Receiver Override (Advanced) ......................................................................................120
Beam Select ..........................................................................................................................108
Side View Frequency
(Side Imaging® and Down Imaging™ Views only [898c SI, 998c SI]) ................................109
Surface Clutter ......................................................................................................................109
SwitchFire™ ..........................................................................................................................109
Fish ID+™..............................................................................................................................110
Fish ID Sensitivity..................................................................................................................110
Real Time Sonar (RTS™) Window ......................................................................................111
Sonar Colors ..........................................................................................................................111
Bottom View..........................................................................................................................111
Zoom Width (Sonar Zoom View only) ..................................................................................112
83 kHz Sensitivity (Advanced) ..............................................................................................112
455 kHz Sensitivity
(Advanced, with optional purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer) ..................................112
Depth Lines (Advanced) ........................................................................................................113
Noise Filter (Advanced) ........................................................................................................113
Max Depth (Advanced)..........................................................................................................114
Water Type (Advanced) ........................................................................................................114
Transducer Select..................................................................................................................114
Color Bar................................................................................................................................115
Temperature Graph (Sonar View only, with Temperature input) ..........................................115
Down Imaging™ Beam Width (Advanced)..........................................................................115
Navigation Menu Tab
Chart Menu Tab
121
Lat/Lon Grid ..........................................................................................................................121
Navaids on Bird’s Eye View..................................................................................................121
Chart Select ..........................................................................................................................121
Set Simulation Position (Advanced) ....................................................................................122
Set Map Offset (Advanced) ..................................................................................................122
Clear Map Offset (Advanced)................................................................................................122
Shaded Depth ......................................................................................................................122
Chart Detail Level (optional-purchase Navionics® charts only) ............................................123
116
Current Track ........................................................................................................................116
Saved Tracks..........................................................................................................................117
vi
Table of Contents
Local Time Zone (Advanced) ................................................................................................129
Map Borders..........................................................................................................................123
Spot Soundings (optional-purchase Navionics® charts only) ................................................123
NVB Chart Preference ........................................................................................................124
Contour Lines (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ................................................124
Depth Colors (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)..................................................124
Depth Highlight (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ............................................124
Depth Highlight Range (+/-) (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ........................124
Water Level Offset (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ........................................124
Shallow Water Highlight (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ..............................125
Lake List (optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only) ........................................................125
Setup Menu Tab
Daylight Saving Time (Advanced) ........................................................................................129
Position Format (Advanced) ..................................................................................................130
Time Format (Advanced, International only)..........................................................................130
Date Format (Advanced, International only)..........................................................................130
Digits Format (Advanced) ......................................................................................................130
NMEA Output (Advanced) ....................................................................................................130
Sonar......................................................................................................................................131
Demonstration ......................................................................................................................131
Sound Control ......................................................................................................................131
126
Video Out ..............................................................................................................................131
Units - Depth ........................................................................................................................126
Units - Temp (International only) ..........................................................................................126
Units - Distance (with Speed input only) ..............................................................................126
Units - Speed (with Speed input only) ..................................................................................127
User Mode ............................................................................................................................127
Language (International only)................................................................................................127
Triplog Reset (with Speed input only) ..................................................................................127
Restore Defaults....................................................................................................................127
Select Readouts (Advanced) ................................................................................................128
Depth Offset (Advanced) ......................................................................................................129
Aux. Temp Offset (Advanced)................................................................................................129
Temp. Offset (Advanced) ......................................................................................................129
Speed Calibration (Advanced, with Speed paddlewheel only) ............................................129
Views Menu Tab
132
Accessories Menu Tab
132
Screen Snapshot (optional-purchase MMC/SD Cards only) ................................................133
AIS (optional-purchase AIS equipment only) ........................................................................133
Troubleshooting
136
Fishing System Doesn’t Power Up ......................................................................................136
Fishing System Defaults to Simulator with a Transducer Attached ................................136
vii
Display Problems
137
Finding the Cause of Noise
138
Table of Contents
1-Year Limited Warranty
139
Humminbird® Service Policy
139
Fishing System Accessories
141
Specifications
142
Glossary
144
Appendix A
Side Imaging® Transducer Mounting Template (XHS 9 HDSI 180 T)
Contact Humminbird®
149
150
NOTE: Entries in this Table of Contents which list (International Only) are only
available on products sold outside of the U.S. by our authorized international
distributors. To obtain a list of authorized international distributors, please visit
our web site at humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at
(334) 687-6613.
NOTE: Some of the entries in this Table of Contents may require the purchase
of separate accessories. You can visit our web site at humminbird.com to
order these accessories online or contact our Customer Resource Center at
1-800-633-1468.
viii
Introduction
SONAR is an acronym for SOund and
NAvigation Ranging. Sonar utilizes precision
sound pulses or "pings" which are emitted into
the water in a teardrop-shaped beam.
Your Humminbird® Fishing System is configured as follows:
• Humminbird® 858c Combo: Wide Screen Fishing System with
DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar and Chartplotting. GPS Receiver included.
The sound pulses "echo" back from objects in
the water such as the bottom, fish and other
submerged objects. The returned echoes are
displayed on the LCD screen. Each time a new
echo is received, the old echoes are moved
across the LCD, creating a scrolling effect.
• Humminbird® 898c SI Combo: Wide Screen Fishing System with
Side Imaging® Sonar, DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar, and Chartplotting.
GPS Receiver included.
• Humminbird® 958c Combo: Ultra Wide Screen Fishing System with
DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar and Chartplotting. GPS Receiver included.
• Humminbird® 998c SI Combo: Ultra Wide Screen Fishing System
with Side Imaging® Sonar, DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar, and
Chartplotting. GPS Receiver included.
When all the echoes are viewed side by side,
an easy to interpret "graph" of the bottom, fish
and structure appears.
How Sonar Works
Sonar technology is based on sound waves. The Fishing System uses sonar
to locate and define structure, bottom contour and composition, as well as
depth directly below the transducer.
Your Fishing System sends a sound wave signal and determines distance by
measuring the time between the transmission of the sound wave and when
the sound wave is reflected off of an object; it then uses the reflected signal
to interpret location, size, and composition of an object.
Sonar is very fast. A sound wave can travel from the surface to a depth of
240 ft (70 m) and back again in less than 1/4 of a second. It is unlikely that
your boat can "outrun" this sonar signal.
1
Introduction
The sound pulses are transmitted at various
frequencies depending on the application.
Very high frequencies (455 kHz) are used for
greatest definition, but the operating depth is
limited. High frequencies (200 kHz) are
commonly used on consumer sonar and
provide a good balance between depth
performance and resolution. Low frequencies
(83 kHz) are typically used to achieve greater
depth capability.
High Definition
Side Imaging® Sonar
(898c SI and 998c SI only)
20°
200kHz
60°
83kHz
The 898c SI Combo and 998c SI Combo
use Side Imaging® sonar to provide a
wide yet precise survey of a large area
of water, including detailed bottom
topography and fish-attracting structure
orientation. The Side Imaging®
transducer returns are processed into an
image similar to an aerial photograph.
Typically, the Side Imaging® sonar can
search an area that is 480 feet wide (240
to each side), with a typical depth
performance of 150 feet when the Side
Imaging® Sonar frequency is set for
455kHz. The side beams can be
operated at one of two frequencies:
455 kHz or 800 kHz. Selecting 800 kHz
produces the sharpest image, but the
search area to each side and the depth
capability are limited as compared to the
455 kHz frequency. See What’s on the
Side
Imaging®
Display
and
Understanding Side Imaging® for more
information.
The power output is the amount of energy
generated by the sonar transmitter. It is
commonly measured using two methods:
• Root Mean Square (RMS) measures power
output over the entire transmit cycle.
• Peak to Peak measures power output at the
highest points.
The benefits of increased power output are
the ability to detect smaller targets at greater
distances, ability to overcome noise, better
high speed performance and enhanced depth
capability.
Introduction
86°
455kHz
86°
455kHz
2
DualBeam PLUS™ Sonar
QuadraBeam PLUS™ Sonar
(858c, 898c SI, 958c, 998c SI)
(optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™
transducer only)
The Fishing System uses a 200/83 kHz
DualBeam PLUS™ sonar system with a wide
(60°) area of coverage. DualBeam PLUS™
sonar has a narrowly focused 20° center
beam, surrounded by a second beam of 60°,
expanding your coverage to an area equal to
your depth. In 20 feet of water, the wider
beam covers an area 20 feet wide.
35°
60°
455 kHz
20°
200 kHz
35°
455 kHz
83 kHz
90° Total Coverage
Bottom Coverage = 2 x Depth
DualBeam PLUS™ sonar returns can be
blended together, viewed separately, or
compared side-by-side. DualBeam PLUS™ is
ideal for a wide range of conditions - from
shallow to very deep water in both fresh and
salt water. Depth capability is affected by
such factors as boat speed, wave action,
bottom hardness, water conditions, and
transducer installation.
Your Fishing System supports the
optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™
transducer. QuadraBeam PLUS™ sonar
provides a wide (90°) area of coverage.
QuadraBeam PLUS™ starts with two
fan-shaped 35° 455 kHz Side Structure
locating sonar beams to spot fish, bait,
and structure to the left and right of the
boat over an area of the bottom that’s
always equal to twice your depth.
For a detailed view below the boat,
QuadraBeam PLUS™ uses DualBeam
PLUS™ technology, with precision 20°
and wide 60° beams. QuadraBeam
PLUS™ finds more fish faster, and can
even tell you where to put your bait by
showing if fish are to the left, right, or
directly beneath your boat.
3
Introduction
Universal Sonar 2
GPS was originally intended for military use; however, civilians may also take
advantage of its highly accurate position capabilities, typically within +/- 4.5
meters, depending on conditions. This means that 95% of the time, the GPS
receiver will read a location within 4.5 meters of your actual position. Your
GPS Receiver also uses information from WAAS (the Wide Area
Augmentation System), EGNOS (the European Geostationary Navigation
Overlay Service), and MSAS (the MTSAT Satellite Augmentation System)
satellites if they are available in your area.
Your Fishing System supports Universal Sonar 2, a state-of-the-art,
integrated and protected transducer that is built into the lower unit of
Minnkota trolling motors. With Universal Sonar 2, all wiring is concealed
inside the indestructible composite shaft—out of sight and out of harm’s
way, with no clamps, ties, or exposed wires. Universal Sonar 2 features new
temperature sensing and the performance of DualBeam PLUS™ technology.
An expanded view and greater bottom detail gives you a totally new
perspective of the water below, along with optimal sonar performance to
help you find fish.
The following GPS functionality is currently supported by the Fishing System
when it is connected to the included GPS receiver:
• View current position
How GPS and Cartography Work
• View current track (breadcrumb trail)
Your Fishing System also supports GPS (Global Positioning System) and
chartplotting. It uses GPS and sonar to determine your position, display it on
a grid, and provide detailed underwater information.
• View precision speed and heading from your GPS receiver
• Save tracks, waypoints, and routes
• Travel a route and navigate from one waypoint to the next.
GPS uses a constellation of satellites that
continually send radio signals to the earth. The
GPS receiver on your boat receives signals from
satellites that are visible to it. Based on time
differences between each received signal, the
GPS receiver determines its distance to each
satellite. With distances known, the GPS
receiver mathematically triangulates its own
position. With once per second updates, the
GPS receiver then calculates its velocity and
bearing.
Introduction
See Chart View and Introduction to Multi-Media Card (MMC)/SD Slots:
Add Maps to Your Fishing System for more information.
4
Fishing System Configuration
The Fishing System has a wide variety of configurations
The Fishing System has a wide variety of configurations that will influence the
installation. The accessory bus, video output, and RS 232 connectors allow you
to expand your Fishing System capabilities. As you expand the configuration,
the menu options that correspond with the connected accessory will be added
to the menu system.
Please read all instructions that are relevant for your configuration before
beginning the installation process.
6
Accessory Bus
2
1
Use the Accessory Bus to expand the
functionality of your Fishing System.
Accessories plug directly into the Fishing
System and enable advanced features such as
WeatherSense®, SmartCast®, and the AS WX 1
Satellite Weather Receiver.
10
3
8
4
7
9
Accessory Bus
5
1
2
3
4
5
Video Out
RS 232 Connector
Power
Temperature
Speed
Optional “Y” Cable 6
GPS Receiver 7
SmartCast® Wireless Sonar Link 8
WeatherSense® 9
When an accessory is plugged into the Fishing
System, additional functions will be added
to the menu system automatically. See
Accessories Menu Tab and Fishing System
Accessories in this manual. Also, see the
accessory’s operations manual for additional
details.
NOTE: Accessories to enable WeatherSense®, SmartCast®, and the AS WX 1
Satellite Weather Receiver require separate purchases. Visit our web site at
humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468
for details.
Sonar Transducer with Temperature 10
5
Installation Introduction
Video-Out and RS 232 Connectors
Installation Overview
Your unit has a built-in Video Out connector and a dual RS 232 connector,
which can be used with optional-purchase equipment such as AIS
(Automatic Identification System). If you purchase a video monitor and
attach it to your control head using the Video Out connector, your unit will
send a video signal if it detects a monitor. See Setup Menu Tab: Video Out
for more information.
Inside the boat there is often a channel or conduit used for other wiring, this
can be used to route cables. Be sure to route the cable as far as practical
from the antenna cable of VHF radios or tachometer cables to reduce the
possibility of interference. The transducer and GPS receiver cables should
not be cut, and care should be used not to damage the cable insulation.
Basic installation tasks that you must perform include:
• Installing the control head (choose gimbal or in-dash mounting,
where in-dash mounting requires a separate purchase)
• Installing the transducer (choose the installation method that
matches your transducer)
• Installing the GPS Receiver (if included)
• Testing the complete installation and locking the transducer position
1
2
3 4 5 6
NOTE: Accessories may require a separate purchase. You can visit our web site
at humminbird.com to order these accessories online or contact our Customer
Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
Control Head Installation
1 RS 232
2 Video Output
3 Power
Temp/Speed 4
You have two choices for mounting your control head, Gimbal mounting,
where you use a surface on the boat, such as the dash, to mount the control
head so that it can be tilted up or down, or In-dash mounting, which requires
a separate purchase.
Communications/GPS 5
Transducer
6
NOTE: Accessories connected to the RS 232 or Video-Out connectors require a
separate power source.
Installation Introduction
6
Gimbal Mounting the Control Head
2. Place a 1" (25 mm) diameter black washer on the gimbal knob and
then thread the knob and washer into the housing. Tighten the
gimbal knob to secure the control head to the mount. Repeat step 2
for the other side.
If you are gimbal mounting the Humminbird®, you can pre-assemble the unit
in order to plan the best mounting location.
You can now place the control head in various locations to decide which is
best for mounting. Rotating the mounting bracket to the top of the control
head will allow for overhead mounting. The chosen mounting area should
allow for sufficient room so the control head can pivot through the full tilt
range and allow for easy removal and installation.
1
2
NOTE: You can drill the cable pass hole underneath the gimbal bracket, allowing
you to thread the cables through the knock-out holes in the mount; however, if
you cannot drill the hole directly under the mounting bracket, then you will need
to drill the cable pass hole behind the bracket, and will need to mount the hole
cover there instead.
3
1 Washer
2 Gimbal Knob
3 Gimbal Bracket
NOTE: When drilling holes in fiberglass hulls, it is best to start with a smaller bit
and use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or flaking
the outer coating. Fill all holes with marine grade silicone sealant.
In addition to the hardware supplied with your control head, you will need a
powered hand drill and various drill bits, various hand tools, including a Phillips
head screwdriver, a socket wrench and a flat head screwdriver, a marker or
pencil, safety glasses and dust mask, and marine-grade silicone sealant.
NOTE: You must have underside access to the mounting location to pass the
cables through to the surface. Also, make sure that the mounting surface is
adequately supported to protect the control head from excessive wave shock and
vibration and provide visibility while in operation.
1. Place the control head into the gimbal bracket. Make sure that the
straight side of the gimbal arm is against the back side of the control
head.
3. After the mounting location has been determined, loosen the gimbal
knobs and remove the control head from the gimbal bracket.
7
Installation - Gimbal Mount
NOTE: Alternate hole patterns are available on the gimbal mounting bracket, and
may match existing holes on the boat. You may choose to use one of these
alternate hole patterns.
4. Place the gimbal bracket in the chosen position on the mounting
surface and mark the four mounting screw locations using a pencil
or center punch.
NOTE: Go to the installation instructions applicable to your transducer, GPS
Receiver and accessories. Make the required installations and then run the
cables to your control head mounting location. Do not cut any cabling (except the
power cable). If your cables are too short, extensions are available from your local
dealer or online from humminbird.com.
1
3
2
1 Mounting Screws
2 Washer
Gimbal Mounting Bracket 3
5. Set the gimbal bracket aside and drill the four mounting screw holes
using a 5/32" (4.0 mm) drill bit.
6a. If the cables must pass through a hole directly beneath the
mounting bracket, mark and drill an additional 1" (25 mm) hole
centered between the four mounting holes. Route the cables
through the 1" hole. Place the hole cover over the mounting surface
hole, then use it to mark the position of the two mounting screws.
Installation - Gimbal Mount
8
Remove the hole cover, drill the two mounting holes using a 9/64"
bit. Do not install the hole cover at this time.
Cables Routed Directly Beneath Mounting Bracket
6b. If the cables cannot be routed directly beneath the mounting
bracket, mark and drill a 1" (25 mm) hole that will allow you to run
the cables close to the bracket. Pass the cables through the 1" (25
mm) hole, routing the cables through the grommet and pressing the
grommet into place. Place the hole cover over the mounting surface
hole, then use it to mark the position of the two mounting screws.
Remove the hole cover, drill the two mounting holes using a 9/64"
(3.5 mm) bit, fill them with marine-grade silicone, then replace the
hole cover and insert the #8 Phillips countersink wood screws.
Hand-tighten only.
2
1
7. Place the mounting bracket on the mounting surface aligned with
the drilled holes and fill the mounting holes with marine grade
silicone. Insert the four #10 Slotted-Hex wood screws into the
mounting holes. Hand-tighten only.
8. If the cable pass through-hole is beneath the mounting bracket, you
will need to install the hole cover. Place the hole cover over the
mounting bracket cable pass through-hole and align with holes
drilled in step 6a. Insert the #8 Phillips countersink wood screws.
Hand tighten only.
1 Gimbal Bracket
2 Hole Cover
NOTE: Be sure that the cables pass through the slots on the hole cover and that
there is enough cable slack to allow for the control head to pivot through its full tilt
range. Extra cable slack will also help when connecting/disconnecting the cables.
9
Installation - Gimbal Mount
Cables Routed Behind Mounting Bracket
1
2
3
4
1
1
2
3
4
5
3
Power
Temp/Speed
Communications/GPS
5
Transducer
Cable Collector Insert
2
1
2
1 Gimbal Bracket
2 Grommet
3 Hole Cover
4
5
9. Insert cable connectors into the proper recesses on the cable
collector insert. The cable connectors are keyed to prevent reverse
installation, so be careful not to force the connectors into the wrong
slots. If you don’t have a cable for every hole in the insert, install the
blank plugs to protect the control head from the weather.
Installation - Gimbal Mount
3
10
1
2
3
4
5
Cable Collector Insert
Screws
Cable Collector Cover
Tab on Insert
Slot on Cover
Plug Cable Connector Assembly to
Back of Control Head
Connecting the Control Head Power Cable to the Boat
10. While holding cables in place
in the cable collector insert,
thread the cables through
the slot in the bottom of the
cable collector cover, line up
the cable collector insert and
cover, then slide the cover
into place on the insert.
A 6' (2 m) long power cable is included to supply power to the control head.
You may shorten or lengthen the cable using 18 gauge multi-stranded
copper wire.
CAUTION: Some boats have 24 or 36 Volt electric systems, but the control head
MUST be connected to a 12 VDC power supply.
The control head power cable can be connected to the electrical system of
the boat at one of two places: a fuse panel usually located near the console,
or directly to the battery.
NOTE: The tab on the Cable Collector
insert goes into the slot on the cover.
POS
POSI
ITIVE
TIVE
11. Attach the cable collector insert to the cable collector cover using
the 2 Phillips screws provided.
12. Place the control head back onto the mounting bracket. Plug in the
cable collector assembly to the back of the control head. Cable
connectors and cable sockets are keyed to prevent reverse
installation, so be careful not to force the connectors into the wrong
sockets. Once the cable collector and all cables are plugged into the
back of the control head, lock the assembly into place by threading
the knurled screw into the threaded insert on the back of the
housing. Adjust the control head to the desired viewing angle and
secure by tightening the gimbal knobs.
GRO
GROUND
UND
NOTE: Make sure that the power cable is disconnected from the control head at
the beginning of this procedure.
NOTE: Humminbird® is not responsible for over-voltage or over-current failures.
The control head must have adequate protection through the proper selection
and installation of a 3 amp fuse.
NOTE: You may wish to dress the cabling with nylon wire ties in order to hold the
cables together and create a cleaner assembly.
The Humminbird® control head is now ready for operation.
11
Installation - Power
Transducer Installation Overview
1a. If a fuse terminal is available, use crimp-on type electrical
connectors (not included) that match the terminal on the fuse
panel. Attach the black wire to ground (-), and the red wire to
positive (+) 12 VDC power. Install a 3 amp fuse (not included) for
protection of the unit. Humminbird® is not responsible for overvoltage of over-current failures.
Proceed to the installation section that matches your transducer type. Your
choices are as follows:
• 858c, 958c: DualBeam PLUS™ (XNT 9 20 T), Transom Mount
• 858c, 958c: DualBeam PLUS™ (XNT 9 20 T), Inside the Hull Mount
• 898c SI, 998c SI: Side Imaging® (XHS 9 HDSI 180T), Transom Mount
or...
• All units: Trolling Motor Transducer Installation
1b. If you need to wire the control head directly to a battery, obtain
and install an inline fuse holder and a 3 amp fuse (not included)
for the protection of the unit. Humminbird® is not responsible for
overvoltage or over-current failures.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of hulls, only general instructions are presented
in this installation guide. Each boat hull represents a unique set of requirements
that should be evaluated prior to installation. It is important to read the
instructions completely and understand the mounting guidelines before
beginning installation.
NOTE: In order to minimize the potential for interference with other marine
electronics, a separate power source (such as a second battery) may be
necessary.
NOTE: If the included transducer will not work for your application, you may
exchange it, NEW and UNASSEMBLED, with mounting hardware included, for
a transducer appropriate for your application - often at very little or no charge
depending on the transducer. Call the Humminbird® Customer Resource
Center at 1-800-633-1468 for details and pricing, or visit humminbird.com.
You are now ready to install the transducer. Find the section that refers to
your specific transducer installation method.
Installation - Power
12
858c & 958c Transom Mount Transducer Installation
Overview
DualBeam PLUS™ Transducer, XNT 9 20 T (858c and 958c only)
If you will be installing a DualBeam PLUS™ transom mounted transducer, use
the procedures in this section. There are several procedures you will have to
perform in order to install a transom-mounted transducer. They are as
follows:
The DualBeam PLUS™ transducer uses a Two Piece Kick-up transducer
mounting bracket.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of hulls, only general instructions are presented in
this installation guide. Each boat hull represents a unique set of requirements that
should be evaluated prior to installation. It is important to read the instructions
completely and understand the mounting guidelines before beginning
installation.
• Locate the transducer mounting location
• Prepare the mounting location
• Assemble the transducer and perform initial mounting
• Route the transducer cable
NOTE: Your transducer may not look exactly like the transducer shown in the
illustrations, but it will mount in exactly the same way.
• Connect the transducer cable
• Perform a final test of the transom transducer installation.
In addition to the hardware supplied with your transducer, you will need a
powered hand drill and various drill bits, various hand tools, including a ruler
or straightedge, a level, a 12" plumb line (weighted string or monofilament
line), marker or pencil, safety glasses and dust mask, and marine-grade
silicone sealant.
NOTE: When drilling holes in fiberglass hulls, it is best to start with a smaller bit
and use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or flaking
the outer coating.
13
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
1. Locating the transducer mounting location
• The best way to locate turbulence-free water is to view the transom
while the boat is moving. This method is recommended if maximum
high-speed operation is a high priority. If this is not possible, select a
location on the transom where the hull forward of this location is
smooth, flat and free of protrusions or ribs.
NOTE: If transom mounting is not possible because of a stepped hull or
cavitation noise, and you have a single layer fiberglass hull, In-hull installation is
an option. See Inside the Hull Transducer Installation for more information.
Turbulence: You must first determine the best location on the transom to
install the transducer. It is very important to locate the transducer in an area
that is relatively free of turbulent water. Consider the following to find the
best location with the least amount of turbulence:
Level
• As the boat moves through the water, turbulence is generated by the
weight of the boat and the thrust of the propeller(s) - either clockwise
or counter-clockwise. This turbulent water is normally confined to areas
immediately aft of ribs, strakes or rows of rivets on the bottom of the
boat, and in the immediate area of the propeller(s). Clockwise
propellers create more turbulence on the port side. On outboard or
inboard/outboard boats, it is best to locate the transducer at least 15"
to the side of the propeller(s).
15”
Find a turbulence-free location at least 15" from the propeller(s)
and not in line with trailer bunks or rollers.
Stepped Hull
Areas of Possible Turbulence
Deadrise Angle
Rivets
Strakes
Transom
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
Hull
Step
• On boats with stepped hulls, it may be possible to mount the
transducer on the step. Do not mount the transducer on the transom
behind a step to avoid popping the transducer out of the water at
higher speeds; the transducer must remain in the water for the
control head to maintain the sonar signal.
Rib
14
• If the transom is behind the propeller(s), it may be impossible to find
an area clear from turbulence, and a different mounting technique or
transducer type should be considered, such as an Inside the Hull
Transducer (see Inside the Hull Transducer Installation).
protrude past the bottom of the hull, and there is at least 1/4"
clearance between the bottom of the bracket and the bottom of the
transom for fiberglass boats, and 1/8" clearance for aluminum
boats.
• If you plan to trailer your boat, do not mount the transducer too close
to trailer bunks or rollers to avoid moving or damaging the transducer
during loading and unloading of the boat.
Positioning the
Mounting Bracket
Boat Hull Types Require
Different Mounting Positions
Level
• If high speed operation is critical, you may want to consider using an
In-Hull transducer instead of this Transom Mount transducer.
Level
NOTE: The hydrodynamic shape of your transducer allows it to point straight down
without deadrise adjustment.
NOTE: If you cannot find a transom mount location that will work for your highspeed application, find an In-Hull Transducer by contacting our Customer Resource
Center at either 1-800-633-1468 or by visiting our web site at humminbird.com.
1/4” for fiberglass
1/8” for aluminum
2. Preparing the Mounting Location
NOTE: If you have a flat-bottomed aluminum boat, some additional adjustment
may be needed to accommodate the rivets on the bottom of the boat (i.e. the gap
may need to be a little smaller than 1/8"). This will help you to avoid excessive
turbulence at high speeds.
In this procedure, you will determine the mounting location and drill two
mounting holes, using the transducer mounting bracket as a guide.
1. Make sure that the boat is level on the trailer, both from port to
starboard and from bow to stern, by placing your level on the deck of
the boat, first in one direction, then in the other.
NOTE: If your propeller moves clockwise (in forward, as you're facing the stern of
the boat from behind), mount the transducer on the starboard side, and align the
bottom right corner of the mounting bracket with the bottom of the boat. If your
propeller moves counter-clockwise (in forward, as you're facing the stern of the
boat from behind), mount the transducer on the port side, and align the bottom
left corner of the mounting bracket with the bottom of the boat.
2. Hold the mounting bracket against the transom of the boat in the
location you have selected. Align the bracket horizontally, using the
level; make sure that the lower corner of the bracket does not
15
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
3. Assembling the Transducer and Initial Mounting
Using the Mounting Bracket to Mark the Initial Drill Holes
Fourth Hole
In this procedure, you will assemble the transducer using the hardware
provided, then mount it and make adjustments to its position without locking
it in place.
NOTE: You will initially assemble the transducer and the pivot arm by matching
the two ratchets to a numbered position on the transducer knuckle. Further
adjustments may be necessary.
Mark Initial Drill Holes
1a. If you already know your transom angle, refer to the chart below for
the initial position to use to set the ratchets. If your transom is
angled at 14 degrees (a common transom angle for many boats) use
position 1 for the ratchets. In either case, go to step 2.
Third Hole
or...
3. Continue to hold the bracket on the transom of the boat, and use a
pencil or marker to mark where to drill the two mounting holes.
Mark the drill holes near the top of each slot, making sure that your
mark is centered in the slot.
Bead Alignment
Number
Transom Angle (°)
Measured Distance (x)
NOTE: The third hole should not be drilled until the angle and height of the
transducer is finalized, which you will not do until a later procedure.
-2 -1 0
0.0 cm
0“
4
1
2
1.1cm
1/2“
2
3
4
5
2.5 cm
1“
5
6
7
8
4.3 cm
1 5/8“
3
1
4
2
5
3
1
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
5.9 cm
2 3/8“
7.6 cm
3“
9.3cm
3 5/8“
11.1cm
4 3/8“
12.9cm
5“
14.9cm
5 7/8“
16.9cm
6 5/8“
1b. If you do not know your transom angle, measure it using a plumb
line (weighted nylon string or monofilament line) exactly 12 inches
long. Hold the top of the plumb line against the top of the transom
with your finger, and wait until the line hangs straight down. Using
a ruler, measure the distance from the bottom of the plumb line to
the back of the transom, then use the chart.
4. Make sure that the drill bit is perpendicular to the actual surface of
the transom, NOT parallel to the ground, before you drill. Using a
5/32” bit, drill the two holes only to a depth of approximately 1”.
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce
the chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
1
16
Measuring the Transom Angle
Plumb
line
Transom
Angle in
degrees
(°)
Measured
Distance (X)
Weight
NOTE: It is important to take your measurement in
the figure showing Measuring the Transom
Angle, from exactly 12 inches down from the top
of the transom.
Ratchets Placed in Position 1
Transducer Knuckle Positions
Beads
Knuckle
Ratchet
2. Place the two ratchets, one on either
side of the transducer knuckle, so that
the beads on each ratchet line up with
the desired position number on the
knuckle. If you are setting the ratchets
at position 1, the beads on each ratchet
will line up with the rib on the
transducer knuckle to form one
continuous line on the assembly.
Rib at
position 1
Ratchets Placed in Position 2
Fitting the Pivot Arm Over the Ratchet
Bead
NOTE: The ratchets are keyed; make sure that
the square teeth on each ratchet face the
square teeth on the transducer knuckle, and
the triangular teeth face outward.
Rib
Hold the ratchets on the transducer knuckle with one hand and fit
the pivot arm over them until it snaps into place with the other
hand. Refer to the illustration.
Ratchet
17
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
Inserting the Pivot Bolt
4. Align the mounting bracket transducer assembly with the drilled
holes in the transom. With a 5/16" socket driver, mount the assembly
to the transom using the two #10 - 1" long screws provided.
Inserting the Pivot Arm Assembly into
the Mounting Bracket
Mounting the Assembly to the Transom
NOTE: Make sure that the mounting
screws are snug, but do not fully
tighten the mounting screws at this
time to allow the transducer
assembly to slide for adjustment
purposes.
5. Snap the pivot arm down
into place.
3. Put the pivot bolt through the assembly to hold it in position and
loosely install the nut, but do NOT tighten the nut at this time. Insert
the pivot arm assembly into the mounting bracket. Do NOT snap the
assembly closed, as you will need to access the mounting bracket in
the next step.
6. Adjust the initial angle of the
transducer from back to front
by rotating the transducer
until the side seam on the
transducer is almost parallel
with the bottom of the boat,
one click at a time in either
direction.
NOTE: If the pivot assembly is snapped closed over the mounting bracket, use a
flat head screwdriver or similar tool to gently pry the assembly away from the
mounting bracket.
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
18
NOTE: The transducer has a natural downward slant of 4-5 degrees from leading
edge (closest to the boat transom) to trailing edge (farthest away from the boat).
Looking at the back of the transducer, the seam should be slightly below the
bottom of the hull.
Adjusting the Initial Transducer Angle
One click too high
Correctly aligned
(transducer side
seam aligned with
boat bottom)
8. Continue to adjust until the bracket is also level from port to
starboard (horizontally level as you look at the transducer from
behind the boat).
Trailing edge
One click too low
Leading edge
9. Mark the correct position on the transom by tracing the silhouette
of the transducer mounting bracket with a pencil or marker.
7. Adjust the transducer assembly vertically, until the seam on the
leading edge of the transducer (the edge closest to the transom of
the boat) is level and just slightly below the hull.
Adjusting the Transducer
Mounting Position
10. Tighten the pivot bolt, using the pivot screw and nut to lock the
assembly. Hand tighten only!
Leveling the Mounting
Assembly Horizontally
11. Snap open the assembly and hand-tighten the two mounting
screws, then snap the assembly closed.
Level
Level
NOTE: You will drill the third mounting hole and finalize the installation after
you route the cable and test and finish the installation in the following
procedures.
Seam aligned with boat hull
19
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
4. Routing the Cable
Routing the Cable
The transducer cable has a low profile connector, which must be routed to
the point where the control head is mounted. There are several ways to route
the transducer cable to the area where the control head is installed. The
most common procedure routes the cable through the transom into the boat.
NOTE: Your boat may have a pre-existing wiring channel or conduit that you can
use for the transducer cable.
1. Unplug the other end of the transducer cable from the control head.
Make sure that the cable is long enough to accommodate the
planned route by running the cable over the transom.
3. Place the escutcheon plate over the
cable hole and use it as a guide to
mark the two escutcheon plate
mounting holes. Remove the plate,
drill two 9/64" diameter x 5/8" deep
holes, and then fill both holes with
marine-grade silicone sealant. Place
the escutcheon plate over the cable
hole and attach with two #8 x 5/8"
wood screws.
CAUTION! Do not cut or shorten the transducer cable, and try not to damage the
cable insulation. Route the cable as far as possible from any VHF radio antenna
cables or tachometer cables to reduce the possibility of interference. If the cable
is too short, extension cables are available to extend the transducer cable up to
a total of 50'. For assistance, contact the Customer Resource Center at
humminbird.com or call 1-800-633-1468 for more information.
NOTE: The transducer can pivot up to 90 degrees in the bracket. Allow enough
slack in the cable for this movement. It is best to route the cable to the side of
the transducer so the transducer will not damage the cable during movement.
4. Route and secure the cable by attaching the cable clamp to the
transom; drill one 9/64" diameter x 5/8" deep hole, then fill the hole
with marine-grade silicone sealant, then attach the cable clamp
using a #8 x 5/8" screw.
2a. If you are routing the cable over the transom of the boat, secure the
cable by attaching the cable clamp to the transom, drilling 9/64"
diameter holes for #8 x 5/8" wood screws, then skip directly to
procedure 5, Connecting the Cable.
5. Plug the other end of the transducer cable back into the control
head connection holder.
or...
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
2b. If you will be routing the cable
through a hole in the transom, drill a
5/8" diameter hole above the
waterline. Route the cable through
this hole, then fill the hole with
marine-grade silicone sealant and
proceed to the next step
immediately.
20
Storing Excess Cable
1. Press POWER once to turn the control head on. If the unit does not
power up, make sure that the connector holder is fully seated in the
receptacle and that power is available.
NOTE: If there is excess cable that needs to
be gathered at one location (as shown in
the illustration), dress the cable routed from
both directions so that a single loop is left
extending from the storage location.
Doubling the cable up from this point, form
the cable into a coil. Storing excess cable
using this method can reduce electronic
interference.
2. If all connections are correct and power is available, the
Humminbird® control head will enter Normal operation.
3. If the bottom is visible on-screen with a digital depth readout, the
unit is working properly. Make sure that the boat is in water greater
than 2' but less than the depth capability of the unit, and that the
transducer is fully submerged, since the sonar signal cannot pass
through air.
5. Connecting the Cable
Insert the transducer cable into the appropriate terminal slot. The cable
connectors are labeled, and there are corresponding labels on the cable
holder on the rear of the control head. The slots are keyed to prevent
reversed installation, so be careful not to force the connector into the holder.
Refer to your manual and/or control head installation guide for the correct
procedure for installing the cable connectors to the control head.
NOTE: The transducer must be submerged in water for reliable transducer
detection.
4. If the unit is working properly, gradually increase the boat speed to
test high-speed performance. If the unit functions well at low
speeds, but begins to skip or miss the bottom at higher speeds, the
transducer requires adjustment.
1. Plug the other end of the transducer cable back into the control
head connection holder.
5. If you have the correct angle set on the transducer, yet lose a bottom
reading at high speed, adjust the height and the running angle in
small increments to give you the ideal transducer position for your
boat. First, adjust the height in small increment.
Your control head is now ready for operation.
6. Test and Finish the Installation
Once you have installed both the control head and the transom transducer,
and have routed all the cables, you must perform a final test before locking
the transducer in place. Testing should be performed with the boat in the
water, although you can initially confirm basic operation with the boat out
of the water.
21
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
NOTE: The deeper the transducer is in the water, the more likely that a rooster
tail of spray will be generated at high speeds, so make sure that the transducer
is as high as it can be and still be submerged in the water.
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce
the chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
Fully Tighten All Three
Mounting Screws
If you are still not getting good high speed readings, you may need
to disassemble the transducer mounting assembly and re-position
the ratchets.
If you do change the transducer position, re-trace the position of the
mounting bracket before proceeding.
NOTE: It is often necessary to make several incremental transducer adjustments
before optimum high speed performance is achieved. Due to the wide variety of
boat hulls, however, it is not always possible to obtain high speed depth
readings.
6. Once you have reached a consistently good sonar signal at the
desired speeds, you are ready to lock down the transducer settings.
Force the pivot to the Up position to gain access to the mounting
screws, then re-align the mounting bracket against the transom of
the boat to match the traced silhouette. Check the bracket position
with the level again to make sure it is still level, then mark the third
mounting hole using a pencil or marker. Unscrew and remove the
mounting screws and the transducer assembly and set aside.
7. Drill the third mounting hole, using a 5/32” drill bit. Use a marinegrade silicone sealant to fill all three drilled mounting holes,
especially if the holes penetrated the transom wall.
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
22
8. Re-position the transducer assembly
against the transom of the boat, then
hand-install all three screws. Make
sure that the transducer location and
the pivot angle have not changed,
then fully tighten all three mounting
screws. Snap the pivot back down. If
you have performed the preceding
procedures correctly, the transducer
should be level and at the right
height for optimal operation.
Locking Down the Transducer (Optional)
Fully Tighten All Three
Mounting Screws
NOTE: You have the option to lock down the Two Piece Kick Up bracket if you do
not want the transducer to kick up. Please be aware, however, that the
transducer can be damaged if it is locked down and it strikes debris in the water.
Marking the Fourth Drill Hole
for Optional Lock Down
Fourth Hole
Mark Initial Drill Holes
Third Hole
1. To lock down the transducer, trace
the position of the mounting
bracket. Force the pivot to the Up
position to gain access to the
mounting screws, then re-align the
mounting bracket against the
transom of the boat to match the
traced silhouette. Check the bracket
position with the level again to make
sure it is still level, then mark the
fourth mounting hole using a pencil
or marker. Unscrew and remove the
mounting screws and the transducer
assembly and set aside.
3. Re-position the transducer assembly
against the transom of the boat, then
hand install the first three screws
(two on the outside edges and one in
the 3rd mounting hole). Make sure
that the transducer location and the
pivot angle have not changed, then
fully tighten all three mounting
screws. Hand tighten only!
4. Snap the pivot back down. Install
#8 x 1" wood screw into the 4th hole
to lock down the pivot arm. Handtighten only!
2. Drill the fourth mounting hole, using a 9/64" drill bit. Use a marine
grade silicone sealant to fill all four drilled mounting holes,
especially if the holes penetrate the transom wall.
23
Transom Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
858c & 958c Inside the Hull Transducer Installation
NOTE: Your transducer may not look exactly like the transducer shown in the
illustrations, but it will mount in exactly the same way.
DualBeam PLUS™ Transducer, XNT 9 20 T (858c and 958c only)
NOTE: Do NOT install the Side Imaging® transducer inside the hull, as the side
looking beams cannot penetrate the hull. Only the DualBeam PLUS™ transducer
can be mounted inside the hull.
There are several procedures you will have to perform in order to install a
transducer inside the hull. They are as follows:
• Locate transducer mounting location
If you choose to mount your transducer inside the hull of your boat, perform
the procedures in this section. In-hull mounting generally produces good
results in single thickness fiberglass-hulled boats. Humminbird® cannot
guarantee depth performance when transmitting and receiving through the
hull of the boat, since some signal loss occurs. The amount of loss depends
on hull construction and thickness, as well as the installation position and
process.
• Perform a trial installation
• Route the transducer cable
• Permanently mount the transducer
1. Locating the transducer mounting location
Decide where to install the transducer on the inside of the hull. Consider the
following to find the best location:
This installation requires slow-cure two-part epoxy. Do not use silicone
or any other soft adhesive to install the transducer, as this material
reduces the sensitivity of the unit. Do not use five-minute epoxy, as it has
a tendency to cure before all the air bubbles can be purged, thus
reducing signal strength.
• Observe the outside of the boat hull to find the areas that are mostly
free from turbulent water. Avoid ribs, strakes and other protrusions,
as these create turbulence.
• As a general rule, the faster the boat can travel, the further aft and
closer to the centerline of the hull the transducer has to be located
in order to remain in contact with the water at high speeds.
NOTE: In-hull mounting requires an installed and operational control head.
NOTE: The integral temperature probe will not work with in-hull mounting, so
you may either want to consider purchasing a Temperature/Speed accessory, a
Temp. Sensor, or obtaining a different transducer. Humminbird® offers a
transducer exchange program to swap the NEW and UNASSEMBLED transducer,
accompanied by mounting hardware, for one without an integral temperature
probe. Call the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468 for
details, or visit humminbird.com for more information.
Inside the Hull Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
24
3. Place the transducer body face down at the identified mounting
location inside the hull, with the end that has the mounting knuckle
pointed towards the bow of the boat.
Stepped Hull
Areas of Possible Turbulence
Preferred Mounting Area
Rivets
Strakes
Transom
Hull
Step
Rib
2. Trial installation
You will not be able to adjust the mounting after an inside the hull
transducer is installed. It is best, therefore, to perform a trial installation first
that includes running the boat at various speeds, in order to determine the
best mounting area before permanently mounting the transducer.
4. Fill the hull with enough water to submerge the transducer body.
Use a sand-filled bag or other heavy object to hold the transducer in
position. The transducer cannot transmit through air, and the water
purges any air from between the transducer and the hull, and fills
any voids in the coarse fiberglass surface.
1. Plug the transducer into the control head, then power up the control
head. When the control head detects a functioning transducer, it
will automatically enter Normal operating mode.
5. View the sonar signal on the display and compare against what you
observed in Step 2, making sure that the boat is in the same location
as it was during your observations in Step 2. If the results are
comparable, move on to Step 6. Otherwise, locate a new position in
the hull and repeat Steps 3 through 5.
2. View the sonar signal at its best by holding the transducer over the
side, immersed in the water, so that it is pointing straight down over
a known flat bottom. Use the display to benchmark against the
sonar signal that will be detected once the transducer is placed in
the hull.
25
Inside the Hull Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
6. Run the boat at various speeds and water depths while observing
the screen on the control head. If depth performance is required,
test the transducer in water at the desired depth. If the performance
is acceptable, move on to Step 7. If the performance is not
acceptable, repeat Steps 3 through 6.
7. Once you have determined the best mounting location using the
above steps, mark the position of the transducer.
3. Routing the cable
1. Once the mounting location is determined and you have marked the
position of the transducer, route the cable from the transducer to
the control head.
5. Coat the face of the transducer and the inside of the hull with epoxy.
6. Press the transducer into place with a slight twisting motion to
purge any trapped air from underneath, keeping the end of the
transducer that has the mounting knuckle pointed forward, towards
the bow of the boat.
4. Permanently mounting the transducer
1. Make sure the position of the transducer is marked.
2. You may have to disconnect the cable to the control head and
reconnect it at the end of this procedure.
NOTE: Proper operation requires the end of the transducer that has the mounting
knuckle to face towards the bow of the boat.
3. Remove the water from inside the hull and thoroughly dry the
mounting surface. If the surface is excessively rough, it may be
necessary to sand the area to create a smooth mounting surface.
7. Weight the transducer so that it will not move while the epoxy is
curing.
4. Slowly and thoroughly mix an ample quantity of two-part slow cure
epoxy. Avoid trapping air bubbles.
8. If you unplugged the transducer cable at the beginning of this
procedure, plug it back into the control head.
NOTE: When the epoxy cures, no water is necessary inside the hull.
NOTE: Neither water, spilled gasoline, nor oil will affect the performance of the
transducer.
Inside the Hull Mount - DualBeam PLUS™
26
898c SI & 998c SI
Transom Mount Transducer Installation
Transducer Mount Position
Side Imaging® Transducer, XHS 9 HDSI 180T (898c SI or 998c SI only)
In addition to the hardware supplied with your transducer, you will need a
powered hand drill and various drill bits, various hand tools, including a ruler
or straightedge, a marker or pencil, safety glasses and dust mask, and
marine-grade silicone sealant.
Unobstructed View: The jack plate gives
the transducer safe distance from the motor
and turbulence. The Side Imaging® has a
clear view side-to-side.
The Side Imaging® transducer has some special requirements
because of its side viewing capabilities:
• The Side Imaging® transducer must NOT have anything
obstructing the ‘view’ of the side looking beams, i.e.
nothing can be in the line of sight of these beams (not a
hull, motor, or other transducer, etc).
Obstructed View: The transducer is too
close to motor turbulence, and the Side
Imaging® view is blocked by the motor. The
view cannot extend from side-to-side.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of hulls, only general instructions are presented in
this installation guide. Each boat hull represents a unique set of requirements that
should be evaluated prior to installation. It is important to read the instructions
completely and understand the mounting guidelines before beginning installation.
NOTE: You may need to tilt the motor up and out of the way when
using the side looking beams.
NOTE: If the included transducer will not work for your application, you may
exchange it, NEW and UNASSEMBLED, with mounting hardware included, for a
transducer appropriate for your application - often at very little or no charge
depending on the transducer. Call the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center at
1-800-633-1468 for details and pricing, or visit humminbird.com.
• In order for the side beams to be displayed accurately, the
transducer must be mounted so that it is looking straight
down in the water when the boat is in the water.
NOTE: When drilling holes in fiberglass hulls, it is best to start with a smaller bit and
use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or flaking the outer
coating.
27
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
Overview
1. Locating the transducer mounting location
NOTE: If transom mounting is not possible because of a stepped hull or
cavitation noise, trolling motor installation may be an option. See Trolling Motor
Transducer Installation for more information.
If you will be installing a Side Imaging® transom mounted transducer, use
the procedures in this section. There are two pieces to the transducer mount
assembly: the pivot, and the bracket. Your transducer comes with a two-piece
metal and plastic bracket assembly. There are several procedures you will have
to perform in order to install a transom-mounted transducer. They are:
1. First, determine the best location on the transom to install the
transducer. Consider the following to find the best location:
• Determine transducer mounting location
• It is very important to locate the transducer in an area which is relatively
free of turbulent water. As a boat moves through the water, turbulence
is generated by the weight of the boat, and the thrust of the propeller(s)
- either clockwise or counter-clockwise. This turbulent water is normally
confined to areas immediately aft of ribs, strakes or rows of rivets on the
bottom of the boat, and in the immediate area of the propeller(s).
Clockwise propellers create more turbulence on the port side. On
outboard or inboard/outboard boats, it is best to locate the transducer
at least 15" (380 mm) to the side of the propeller(s).
• Mount the bracket to the boat
• Attach the pivot to the transducer
• Mount the transducer pivot assembly to the bracket
• Adjust the running position of the transducer
• Route the transducer cable
• Perform a final test of the transom transducer installation
Stepped Hull
Areas of Possible Turbulence
Deadrise Angle
Rivets
Strakes
Transom
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
Hull
Step
• The best way to locate turbulence-free water is to view the transom
while the boat is moving. This method is recommended if maximum
high-speed operation is a high priority. If this is not possible, select a
location on the transom where the hull forward of this location is
smooth, flat and free of protrusions or ribs.
Rib
28
• The hydrodynamic shape of your transducer allows it to point straight
down without deadrise adjustment.
2. Hold the template on the transom of the boat in the location where
the transducer will be installed. Align the template vertically,
matching the lower edge of the transom with the bottom corner of
the template. If your propeller moves clockwise as the boat moves
forward, mount the transducer on the starboard side, and use the
bottom left corner of the template. If your propeller moves counterclockwise as the boat moves forward, mount the transducer on the
port side, and use the bottom right corner of the template.
• On boats with stepped hulls, it may be possible to mount the transducer on the step. Do not mount the transducer on the transom
behind a step to avoid popping the transducer out of the water at
higher speeds; the transducer must remain in the water for the
control head to maintain the sonar signal.
• If the transom is behind the propeller(s), it may be impossible to find
an area clear from turbulence, and a different mounting technique or
transducer type should be considered (see Trolling Motor
Transducer Installation).
3. Using a pencil or punch, mark the three mounting holes on the
transom. Do not mark or drill any other holes at this time.
4. Using a 5/32" (4.0 mm) bit, drill the three holes to a depth of
approximately 1" (25 mm). On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use
progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or
flaking the outer coating. Use a marine-grade silicone sealant to fill
the drilled holes.
• The Side Imaging® transducer must NOT have anything obstructing
the ‘view’ of the side looking beams, i.e. nothing can be in the line
of sight of these beams (not a hull, motor, or other transducer, etc).
Mounting the transducer bracket to the boat
Attaching the Bracket
1. Remove the transducer mounting template from this manual. See
Appendix A for the Transducer Mounting Template.
15” (380 mm) from prop(s)
29
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
Mounting the transducer pivot assembly to the bracket
5. Align the metal mounting bracket with the mounting holes. The center
slot should be above the two outer slots. (This bracket and all other
hardware supplied is top quality stainless steel for maximum strength
and corrosion protection.) Insert the three #10 - 1" long screws into the
drilled holes, but do not completely tighten.
1. Slide the assembled transducer into the metal bracket from the
bottom, aligning the large hole at the top of the bracket with the
hole in the pivot.
2. Insert the headed pin through the pivot holes in the bracket and
pivot. The headed pin can be inserted from either side of the
bracket.
Attaching the pivot to the transducer
1. Attach the pivot to the transducer body, using the two 1/4"-20 x 5/8"
(16 mm) machine screws, toothed washers, and square nuts. The
toothed washers must fit on the inside of the transducer ears,
between the pivot and the ears. The square nuts will be prevented
from rotating by the pocket in the back of the pivot. An Allen wrench
is provided which fits all the 1/4"-20 screws, but do not fully tighten
the screws at this time.
3. Place the nylon washer over the opposite end of the headed pin.
Place the stainless washer over the 1/4"-20 x 5/8" (16 mm) screw
threads, then insert into the opposite end of the headed pin and
finger tighten only. The screw has a thread locking compound on the
threads to prevent loosening, and should not be fully tightened until
all adjustments are made.
NOTE: The running position of the transducer is now completely adjustable.
Subsequent adjustment may be necessary to tweak the installation after high
speed testing.
3
4
2
1
1
5
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
5
Insert the square nuts
Toothed Washer
Pivot
Attach the Pivot
Machine Screw
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
30
Screw
Headed Pin
Allen Wrench
Nylon Washer
Stainless Washer
Adjusting the running position of the transducer
3. Adjust the height of the assembly so the face
of the transducer is 1/8" (3 mm) to 1/4" (6 mm)
beneath the bottom of the transom, and fully
tighten the three mounting screws.
The transducer mounting bracket allows height and tilt adjustment, while
the pivot bolt allows angular adjustment. These adjustments will help
reduce cavitation. Initially, adjust the transducer as described in the
following paragraphs. Further adjustment may be necessary to refine the
installation after high-speed testing.
Tighten the Mounting
Screws
Normal Cavitation
4. In order to gain access to the mounting
screws, the transducer assembly must be
pivoted up in the bracket as shown. Be careful
not to alter the running angle as some force is
necessary to pivot the assembly.
5. If access to the top mounting hole is not possible due to the selected
height of the transducer, fully tighten the two lower screws, then
simply remove the headed pivot pin and the transducer assembly,
and tighten the top screw, then reassemble.
Cavitation that will cause
erratic sonar readings
6. Confirm that the pivot angle has not changed and that all mounting
screws are fully tightened.
1. First, adjust the pivot angle of the transducer body, so it is parallel
with the length of the hull of the boat.
2. Fully tighten the two pivot screws, using the supplied Allen wrench.
Access to the pivot screws is provided by the lower holes in the side
of the mounting bracket. It may be necessary to re-tighten the pivot
bolt after initial use as the plastic may still be conforming to the
pressure from the lock washers.
31
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
Routing the cable
Routing the Cable
The transducer cable has a low profile connector that must be routed to the
point where the control head is mounted. There are several ways to route the
transducer cable to the area where the control head will be installed. The
most common procedure routes the cable through the transom into the boat.
5/8” Hole
Escutcheon
Plate
NOTE: Your boat may have a pre-existing wiring channel or conduit that you can
use for the transducer cable.
Cable Clamp
1. Unplug the other end of the transducer cable from the control head.
Make sure that the cable is long enough to accommodate the
planned route by running the cable over the transom.
4. Route and secure the cable by
attaching the cable clamp to the
transom; drill one 9/64" dia. (3.5
mm) x 5/8" deep (16 mm) hole,
then fill hole with marine-grade
silicone sealant, then attach the
cable clamp using a #8 x 5/8"
(16 mm) screw.
CAUTION! Do not cut or shorten the transducer cable, and try not to damage the
cable insulation. Route the cable as far as possible from any VHF radio antenna
cables or tachometer cables to reduce the possibility of interference. If the cable
is too short, extension cables are available to extend the transducer cable up to
a total of 50' (15 m). For assistance, contact the Customer Resource Center at
humminbird.com or call 1-800-633-1468 for more information.
NOTE: Since the transducer may need to pivot up to 90° in the bracket if it strikes
an object, make sure there is sufficient cable slack to accommodate this motion.
It is best to route the cable to the side of the transducer so the cable will not be
damaged by the rotation of the transducer.
5. Plug the other end of the
transducer cable back into the
control head connection holder.
2. If you will be routing the cable through a hole in the transom, drill a
5/8" diameter (16 mm) hole above the waterline. Route the cable
through this hole, then fill the hole with marine-grade silicone
sealant and proceed to the next step immediately.
Transom Mount - Side Imaging®
3. Place the escutcheon plate over
the cable hole and use it as
a guide to mark the two
escutcheon plate mounting
holes. Remove the plate, drill
two 9/64" (3.5 mm) holes, then
fill both holes with marinegrade silicone sealant. Place the
escutcheon plate over the cable
hole and attach with two #8 x
5/8" (16 mm) wood screws.
Testing the installation
After transom transducer installation, please perform the final testing and then
finalize the installation (see Test and Finish the Transducer Installation).
32
Trolling Motor Transducer Installation
Test and Finish the Transducer Installation
Several styles of the transducer are compatible with trolling motor mounting.
If you have a trolling motor bracket, refer to the separate installation
instructions that are included with the bracket.
When you have installed both the control head, the transducer, and
accessories, and have routed all the cables, you must perform a final test
before locking the transducer in place. Testing should be performed with the
boat in the water, although you can initially confirm basic operation with the
boat out of the water.
NOTE: After trolling motor transducer installation, please perform the final
testing and then finalize the installation (see Test and Finish the Transducer
Installation).
1. Press the POWER/LIGHT key once to turn the control head on. There
will be an audible chirp when the key is pressed correctly. If the unit
does not power-up, make sure that the connector holder is fully
seated and that power is available.
Trolling Motor Transducer Options
If you don’t have a trolling motor transducer,
there are several options:
2. If all connections are correct and power is available, the control
head will enter Normal operation. If no transducer is detected (or
one is not connected), the unit will go into Simulator mode and will
indicate this by displaying the word Simulator on the control head
display.
• You may purchase a Trolling Motor Adapter kit
that will allow you to mount the transducer on the
trolling motor.
• You may also exchange your NEW and UNASSEMBLED transducer
(with mounting hardware included) for a trolling motor transducer.
NOTE: The transducer must be submerged in water for reliable transducer
detection.
There are also several transducer switches available that support the
following configurations:
3. If the bottom is visible on-screen with a digital depth readout, the
unit is working properly. Make sure that the boat is in water greater
than 2 ft (.6 m) but less than the depth capability of the unit, and
that the transducer is fully submerged, since the sonar signal
cannot pass through air.
• Two control heads with one transducer
• Two transducers with one control head.
NOTE: Call the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center 1-800-633-1468 for
details and pricing, or visit humminbird.com for more information.
33
Test & Finish Transducer Installation
GPS Receiver Installation Overview
4. If the unit is working properly, gradually increase the boat speed to
test high-speed performance. If the unit functions well at low
speeds but begins to skip or miss the bottom at higher speeds, the
transducer requires adjustment. Angling the rear of the transducer
downward and/or lowering the transducer farther into the water
will help achieve depth readings at high speeds. If the left side of
the fish arch is longer than the right side, then the back of the
transducer is angled too far downward. If the right side of the fish
arch is longer than the left side, then the back of the transducer is
angled too far upwards.
To optimize performance of the GPS receiver, mount it in an area that has
full exposure to the sky. The effective area of reception is 10° above the
horizon. Different circumstances determine the mounting method
appropriate for your GPS receiver.
If you have…
Then use:
An existing antenna stem with
standard 1" – 14 thread stem
Stem Mount with Existing 1” 14 Thread Stem
NOTE: It may not always be possible to get symmetrical fish arches and high
speed depth readings at the same time. Due to the wide variety of boat hulls,
however, it is not always possible to obtain high speed depth readings.
Access for cable routing under
the mounting location
Access Under Mounting
Location
NOTE: It is often necessary to make several incremental transducer adjustments
before optimum high speed performance is achieved.
No access under the mounting
location
No Access Under Mounting
Location
Once you have reached a consistently good sonar signal at the desired
speeds, you are ready to lock down the transducer settings.
The pinouts of the pigtail cable are as follows:
• Red Wire, +12V (output voltage only)
5. Mark the transducer bracket location on the transom with a pencil,
then pop up the bracket to reveal the mounting screws. Tighten
the stainless steel mounting bracket screws to secure in place.
Hand-tighten only!
• Black Wire, Ground
• White Wire, NMEA Out.
CAUTION! Please use caution before connecting the red +12V wire to any
other NMEA device. This is an output voltage provided by the Fishfinder unit
and GPS receiver and should only be connected to those NMEA devices that
need a 12 volt input.
GPS Receiver Installation Overview
34
Stem Mounting with an Existing 1" - 14 Thread Stem
3. Use electrical tape to secure the NMEA pigtail to the cable as
shown.
Follow these steps to stem mount the GPS receiver:
NOTE: Leave the NMEA pigtail secured to the cable unless needed. This will
make removing the receiver easier.
NOTE: If you have an existing stem for mounting the GPS receiver, proceed
directly to step 2 of the following procedure.
4. Route the GPS receiver cable through the stem and continue with
the planned route you chose in step 1.
1. Determine the best location to mount your GPS receiver. Preplan
and test the cable routing to your control head before any drilling or
cutting of your boat surfaces. If you have purchased hardware to
stem mount your GPS receiver, follow the instructions included with
that hardware to mount the stem (antenna pole).
5. Attach the GPS receiver to its base using the included #6 - 7/8"
screws.
NOTE: AS-EC10 10' extension cables are available from Humminbird® if your
planned routing exceeds 20', (6 m). Maximum cable length, including extensions,
should not exceed 50' (16 m).
3
NOTE: Remember to caulk or seal screw holes and drilled holes as needed to
protect your boat from water damage.
2
1 Receiver
2 Receiver Base
3 Stem Pipe
1
2. Screw on the receiver base to the stem
first, making sure that the stem pipe
does not protrude from the receiver
base. This adds protection to the cable
when pulling it through the pipe stem.
In addition to this, de-burr the pipe
edges to reduce cable abrasion.
1
2
4
3
1 NMEA Pigtail Taped
2 NMEA Pigtail Cable Out
35
3 Mounting Screws
4 Cable Route
GPS- Stem Mount
Access Under Mounting Location
Access Under Mounting Location
No Access Under Mounting Location
Follow these steps to deck mount the GPS receiver when routing the cable
down through the mounting location:
1. Determine the best location, then test route the 20' (6 m) cable from
the mounting location to the control head.
NOTE: Installation details may vary with unit configuration.
2. Mark the mounting location and drill a 3/4" (19 mm) hole for the
cable and cable plug. Route the cable.
No Access Under Mounting Location
3. Cover the cable hole with the receiver. Make sure the receiver is
flush on the surface and mark the two mounting holes with a pencil
or punch.
Follow these steps to deck mount the GPS receiver in a situation where you
must route the cable to the side because there is no space for a cable
underneath the mounting location.
4. Move the receiver to the side and drill two pilot holes using a 9/64"
(3.5 mm) bit.
1. Determine the best location, then test route the cable from the
mounting location to the control head.
NOTE: Remember to caulk or seal screw holes and drilled holes as needed to
protect your boat from water damage.
NOTE: AS-EC10 10' extension cables are available from Humminbird® if your
planned routing exceeds 20', (6 m). Maximum cable length, including extensions,
should not exceed 50' (16 m).
5. Align the GPS receiver screw holes over the pilot screw holes and
attach with the #8 - 1 1/4" Phillips head screws. Hand tighten only!
2. Confirm the cable length is good and route the cable from the
receiver to the control head. If holes are required to route the cable,
they must be 3/4" (19 mm) to allow for the cable connector. Secure
the NMEA pigtail with electrical tape.
NOTE: If the mounting surface is thin and made of a lighter material, a backing
material may be needed below the mounting surface.
NOTE: Remember to caulk or seal screw holes and drilled holes as needed to
protect your boat from water damage.
GPS- Access Under/No Access Under Mount
36
3. The GPS receiver has two wire routing notches. Use the cable notch
closest to the intended cable route.
1
2
3
4
4. With the cable routed, position the GPS receiver in the planned
mounting location and mark the mounting holes with a pencil or
punch.
1
2
3
4
5
5. Move the GPS receiver to the side and drill the two 9/64" (3.5 mm)
pilot holes.
6. Align the GPS receiver's screw holes over the pilot screw holes and
attach with the #8 - 1 1/4" Phillips head screws. Hand tighten only!
Power
Temp/Speed
Communications/GPS
5
Transducer
Cable Collector Insert
Finish Routing the Cable and
Check GPS Receiver Operation
After installing a GPS receiver, you should perform the following procedure
to finish routing the GPS cable to the control head and to check to make sure
that the control head is working correctly.
1. Secure the cable along its path to the control head as needed with
cable ties.
2. Plug the GPS receiver cable into the Communications port on the
control head. See Testing the System Installation to use the
System Status start-up option and/or the GPS Diagnostic View to
confirm a good installation.
37
GPS- Route Cable & Test Operation
Testing the System Installation
3. From the System Status screen, view accessory connections by
pressing the VIEW key. See System Status for more information
about the Accessory Test.
After you have completed the installation of the control head, transducer,
and any other accessories such as the GPS receiver, and have made all the
cabling connections required, you must test the installation before using the
system. Thorough testing should be performed with the boat in the water;
however, you can confirm basic operation initially with the boat out of the
water as well.
NOTE: The speed will be detected only if the paddlewheel has moved since the
Fishing System has been powered up.
4. From the System Status screen, see a GPS Diagnostic View by
pressing the View key. GPS Diagnostic View shows a sky chart and
numerical data from the GPS receiver. The sky chart shows the
location of each visible GPS satellite with its satellite number and a
signal strength bar. A dark grey bar indicates that the satellite is
being used to determine your current position. A light gray bar
indicates that the satellite is being monitored, but is not yet being
used. See System Status for more information about the GPS
Diagnostic View.
To test the installation:
1. Press the POWER/LIGHT key on the control head once to turn on the
control head. (There will be an audible chirp to let you know that you
pressed the key, and the initial Title screen will appear.) If the unit
does not power up, make sure that power is available. While the
Title screen is shown on the display, press the MENU key to display
the Start-Up Options menu. Use the UP or DOWN 4-WAY Cursor
keys to position the cursor, then the RIGHT Cursor key to select
System Status from the Start-Up Options menu (see the Start-Up
Options Menu section for more information about these menu
choices). The System Status Self Test screen will appear.
NOTE: If you wait too long, the system will default to whichever menu mode
happens to be highlighted, and you will have to start again.
2. Self Test displays results from the internal diagnostic self test,
including unit serial number, Printed Circuit Board (PCB) serial
number, software revision, total hours of operation and the input
voltage. See System Status for more information about the Self Test.
Test System Installation
38
Power On the Control Head
What’s on the Control Head
Press the
POWER/LIGHT key to power on your Humminbird® control
head. When the Title screen is displayed, press the MENU key to access the
Start-Up Options Menu. Select Normal (if there is a transducer attached to
the control head) or Simulator (if there isn’t a transducer attached to the
control head).
Your Fishing System user interface is easy to use. A combination of keys,
different views, and situation-specific, customizable menus allows you to
control what you see on the color display. Refer to the following illustration,
and see Key Functions, Views, and The Menu System for more information.
3
9
7
5
1
8
6
10
12
11
4
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
998c SI Combo Title Screen
NOTE: If a functioning transducer is connected, Normal will be selected
automatically at power up, and your Fishing System can be used on the water.
Select Simulator to learn how to use your control head and save settings in
advance for later use. See Start-Up Options Menu for more information.
Screen
MMC/SD Card Slot
4-WAY Cursor Control Key 7
MENU Key 8
VIEW Key 9
ZOOM (+/-) Keys
EXIT Key 10
POWER/LIGHT Key
INFO Key*
VIEW PRESET Keys 11
MARK Key
GOTO Key 12
*Your control head will have one of the INFO keys shown here
Both keys function in the same way.
39
.
What’s on the Control Head
Key Functions
NOTE: Your control head will start up with the backlight on and will automatically
turn it off to conserve power.
Your Fishing System has a set of easy to use keys that give you flexibility and
control over your fishing experience.
VIEW Key
POWER/LIGHT Key
The VIEW key is used to cycle through all available views.
Press the VIEW key to advance to the next view. Press the
VIEW key repeatedly to cycle through all available views.
Views can be hidden to optimize the system to your fishing
requirements (see Views or View Menu Tab).
The POWER/LIGHT key is used to power the Fishing System
on and off. You can also use the POWER/LIGHT key to adjust
the backlight and contrast of the display.
Power On the control head: Press the POWER/LIGHT key to power on the
unit. When the Title screen is displayed, press the MENU key to access the
Start-Up Options Menu.
MENU Key
The MENU key is used to access the menu system. See The
Menu System for more information.
Power Off the control head: Press and hold the POWER/LIGHT key for 3
seconds. A message will appear to indicate how many seconds there are
until shutdown occurs. To ensure that shutdown occurs properly and any
menu settings will be saved, your Fishfinder should always be turned off
using the POWER/LIGHT key.
Start-Up Options Menu: Press the MENU key during the power up
sequence to view the Start-Up Options menu.
X-Press™ Menu: Press the MENU key once in any view to access the XPress™ Menu, which provides frequently-used menu settings that
correspond with the current view or navigation mode.
Adjust the Backlight or the Display
Background Color: Press the POWER/LIGHT
key to access the Light and Background
submenu. Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key
to select Light or Background, and then use
the LEFT or RIGHT Cursor key to change the
settings. Press EXIT to exit the Light and
Background submenu.
Key Functions
Main Menu: Press the MENU key twice in any view to access the Main
Menu, which is organized under tabbed headings to help you find a specific
menu item quickly.
40
4-WAY Cursor Control Key
VIEW PRESET Keys
(RIGHT, LEFT, UP, or DOWN Cursor Keys)
The VIEW PRESET keys are used to save your three favorite
views for quick retrieval. Instead of using the VIEW key to
cycle through all the views to find the one you want, you can
program the VIEW PRESET keys to display a specific view
immediately. See Views for more information.
The 4-WAY Cursor Control key has multiple functions,
which depend on the view, menu, or situation.
• Menu Selection: Press the DOWN or UP Cursor keys to highlight a
menu option, then press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to change a
menu setting. The changes will be activated and saved immediately.
EXIT Key
• Freeze Frame: In Sonar View, press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key to freeze the display and move the active cursor to a
location on the screen. A cursor dialog box will display to show the
depth of the location you choose.
The EXIT key has multiple functions, which depend on the
situation:
• If an alarm is sounding, press the EXIT key to cancel the alarm.
• Active Cursor: Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor Control key, and
the active cursor will appear on the screen.
• If a menu tab is selected, press the EXIT key to exit the menu mode
and return to the view.
• Chart Views: The 4-WAY Cursor Control key also pans the charts and
highlights decluttered waypoint icons.
• If a menu is active, press the EXIT key to return to the previous level
in the menu system.
NOTE: In Freeze Frame or Active Cursor mode, you can also make the
cursor move diagonally by pressing in between two of the arrows on the
4-WAY Cursor Control key.
• From any view, press the EXIT key to cycle through the available
views in reverse order.
• If Freeze Frame is active, press the EXIT key to return to a scrolling
display.
• Bird’s Eye View: The 4-WAY Cursor Control key controls the motion
of the eye point.
• If the Cursor is active, press the EXIT key to remove the cursor from
the display.
• Snapshot and Recording View: Press the UP or DOWN Cursor keys
to highlight a recording icon, and then press the RIGHT Cursor key to
start recording playback. Press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to
control the speed of playback.
41
Key Functions
INFO Key
GOTO Key
Press the INFO key while in Bird's Eye, Chart, or Combo View
to display information about objects that are near an active
cursor. If the cursor is not active, the Chart Info submenu will
be displayed. See Views: Viewing Cartography for more
information.
The GOTO key has multiple functions, which depend on the
situation.
• Active Cursor: Press the GOTO key while in any view to create a
waypoint and start navigation towards that waypoint.
• Without Active Cursor: Press the GOTO key to display the saved
waypoints list, and then highlight a waypoint. Press the RIGHT
Cursor key to begin navigation.
NOTE: Your control head will have one of the INFO keys shown
here. Both keys function in the same way.
• Man Overboard: Press and hold the GOTO key for more than 1.5
seconds to activate the Man Overboard (MOB) function. Once MOB
is activated, any current navigation will be cancelled and the current
route will be discarded without notification (see Man Overboard
(MOB) Navigation).
MARK Key
Press the MARK key while in any view to mark the position of
a waypoint. The MARK key function is available if the GPS
receiver connected.
• Active Cursor: The waypoint will be marked at the cursor location.
ZOOM (+/-) Keys
• Without Active Cursor: The waypoint will be marked at the boat
location.
The Zoom keys function in different ways which depend on
the view displayed.
• If Screen Snapshot is active, a waypoint will be created, and a
screen snapshot will also be saved to the optional-purchase
MMC/SD card (see Views: Snapshot and Recording View).
Navigation is not affected by the Screen Snapshot feature.
• Navigation Views or the Sonar Zoom View: Press the
+/- ZOOM key to change the scale of the view to appear
closer or farther away.
NOTE: If Screen Snapshot is enabled but there is not a GPS receiver
connected, pressing the MARK key will capture the screen image and display
an error saying that a GPS position fix is required to create a waypoint.
• Side Imaging® View: Press the - or + ZOOM keys to
change the scale of the view. The cursor must be active
for zoom to work in the Side Imaging® View.
NOTE: You must have an optional-purchase MMC/SD card installed for the
screen snapshot feature to work.
Key Functions
42
Multi-Media Card
(MMC)/SD Slots
Inserting an MMC/SD
into the Card Slot
Add Maps to Your Fishing System
Your Fishing System includes a built-in Contour XD™ or UniMap™ with a
more detailed map of North America (Domestic models) or a detailed map of
Europe and Southeast Asia, including Australia and New Zealand
(International models).
The two multi-media card (MMC)/SD slots
on your control head can be used with
MMC/SD cards (optional-purchase required)
to add detailed charts to your Fishing
System, update your Fishing System
software, or export navigation data from
your Fishing System.
You can also purchase MMC/SD cards with additional chart information for
a particular location.
NOTE: The MMC/SD Cards require a separate purchase. Your Fishing
system supports LakeMaster® and Navionics® Cartography on MMC or SD
card media.
NOTE: The MMC/SD Cards require a separate purchase. For more
information, visit our web site at humminbird.com or contact our Customer
Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
• Auto Select: When you install the MMC/SD cards in your control
head, your Fishing System will retrieve the chart and display it
automatically.
To insert an MMC/SD card:
• Chart Select: You can also choose which chart to display with the
Chart Select menu option in the Chart Menu Tab. Choose Right (card
slot) or Left (card slot) to select the MMC/SD card you’d like to use.
(see Chart Menu Tab: Chart Select).
1. Remove the MMC/SD slot cover.
2. Position the MMC/SD card so that the label faces the left side of the
unit, and insert the card into the slot. Press down on the card until
it clicks into place.
• Menu Options: The Chart Menu Tab will change to display menu
options that correspond with the active chart (see Chart Menu Tab).
3. Close the slot cover and turn the knob just 1/4 of a turn to close. Do
NOT overtighten, as this will not improve water resistance and may
damage the cover.
4. To Remove: Press the MMC/SD card into the slot and then release.
The card will eject, and you can then pull the card from the slot.
43
Multi-Media Card Slots
Update Software
• Power on your control head. The Fishing System will recognize
the new software and run through a series of prompts to
confirm software installation.
Software updates can be added to your Fishing System. Go to the
Humminbird® web site for information and computer requirements at
humminbird.com or call 1-800-633-1468.
OR...
3b. PC Connect Cable: Follow the instructions included with the PC
Connect Cable to connect your Fishing System to your computer.
In addition to your Fishing System and personal computer with Internet
access, you will need one of the following optional-purchase accessories:
• MMC Card Reader (AS CR)
Export Navigation Data
OR...
You can export all saved Tracks, Waypoints, and Routes from your Fishing
System to an optional-purchase MMC/SD card (see Navigation Menu Tab).
• PC Connect Cable (AS PC2)
To Export All Navigation Data:
NOTE: The MMC/SD Card Reader and PC Connect cable require a separate
purchase. For more information, visit our web site at humminbird.com or
contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
1. Make sure that an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is installed in
the slot.
2. Press the MENU key twice to access the Main Menu. In the
Navigation tab, highlight Export All Nav Data.
Updating Software requires the following top-level steps:
1. Log on to www.humminbird.com.
• Register your Fishing System.
3. Press the RIGHT Cursor key to export all navigation data. The
Confirm dialog box will appear. To confirm export, press the RIGHT
Cursor key once more. To cancel export, press the LEFT Cursor key.
• Download HumminbirdPC™ to your computer.
2. Once you have registered your Fishing System, you can access
software downloads from your online profile.
NOTE: If there isn’t an MMC/SD card installed, an error message will be
displayed. Insert the MMC/SD card and try again.
3a. MMC/SD Card: Follow the instructions provided with the MMC/SD
Card Reader to connect the MMC/SD Card Reader to a personal
computer and download the software update.
NOTE: The MMC/SD cards and MMC/SD Card Reader require separate
purchases. The MMC/SD Card Reader accessory can be used in conjunction
with your personal computer to view and organize your exported navigation
data. To purchase this accessory, visit our web site at humminbird.com or
contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
• Install the MMC/SD card with the updated software file into
your control head.
Multi-Media Card Slots
44
What’s on the Sonar Display
The Fishing System can display a variety of useful information about the area under and adjacent to your boat, including the following items:
8 Thermoclines - Layers of water with different
temperatures that appear at different depths
and different times of the year. A thermocline
typically appears as a continuous band of
many colors moving across the display at the
same depth.
1
10
Triplog
2
3
9 Sonar Color Bar - Color spectrum indicating
4
8
9
5
10 Bait Ball
11 RTS™ (Real Time Sonar) Window
12 Second Sonar Return - When the sonar
13
6
11
signal bounces between the bottom and the
surface of the water and back again. Use
the appearance of the second return to
determine bottom hardness. Hard bottoms
will show a strong second return, while soft
bottoms will show a very weak one or none
at all.
13 Cursor - Available in Freeze Frame and can
7
12
Triplog
low to high sonar intensity returns, where
red indicates high intensity and white
indicates low intensity.
1
2
3
4
Depth - Water depth; can be set to alarm when the water becomes too shallow.
Timer - Elapsed time with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
Distance - Distance traveled with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
Average Speed - Average speed reading with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
5 Barometric Pressure - Requires optional-purchase
WeatherSense®
6 Temperature - Water surface temperature
7 Speed - If a Speed accessory or GPS Receiver is attached, the
be positioned in the Sonar View to provide
depth of a sonar retun and bottom depth
below the cursor. The Latitude and
Longitude of the cursor position, the
distance to travel to the cursor position, and
the bearing to the cursor position are
shown with a GPS Receiver attached.
Cursor information is displayed at the top of
the screen.
Fishing System can display the speed of the boat, and can
keep a triplog of nautical or statute miles traveled.
45
What’s on the Sonar Display
Understanding the Sonar Display
Real Time Sonar (RTS™) Window
It is important to understand the significance of
the display. The display does NOT show a literal
3-dimensional representation of what is under
the water. Each vertical band of data received
by the control head and plotted on the display
represents something that was detected by a
sonar return at a particular time. As both the
boat and the targets (fish) may be moving, the
returns are only showing a particular segment
of time when objects were detected, not exactly
where those objects are in relation to other
objects shown on the display.
A Real Time Sonar (RTS™) Window appears on the right side of the display in
the Sonar View only. The RTS™ Window always updates at the fastest rate
possible for depth conditions and shows only the returns from the bottom,
structure and fish that are within the transducer beam. The RTS™ Window
plots the depth and intensity of a sonar return. (See Sonar Menu Tab: Real
Time Sonar (RTS™) Window).
The Narrow RTS™ Window
indicates the sonar intensity
through the use of colors.
Red indicates a strong return
and blue indicates a weak
return. The depth of the
sonar return is indicated by
the vertical placement of the
return on the display depth
scale.
The returned sonar echoes are displayed on the screen. As a new echo is
received, the historical data scrolls left across the display.
The Wide RTS™ Window
indicates the sonar intensity
through the use of a bar
graph. The length of the
plotted return provides an
indication of whether the
return is weak or strong. The
depth of the sonar return is
indicated by the vertical
placement of the return on
the display depth scale.
SwitchFire™
SwitchFire™ controls how the sonar returns are displayed in the Sonar
Views. SwitchFire™ settings are available in the Sonar Menu Tab.
To see the maximum sonar information available within the transducer beam
so more fish arches and better jig tracking are shown, choose Max Mode.
To see less clutter and more fish size accuracy interpreted from the
transducer beam, choose Clear Mode. See Sonar Menu Tab: SwitchFire™
for more information.
What’s on the Sonar Display
46
Freeze Frame and Active Cursor
The sonar returns from the bottom, structure, and fish can be represented as
Structure ID® or WhiteLine™. See Sonar Menu: Bottom View to set the
Bottom View.
Freeze Frame & Active Cursor - Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key, and the screen will freeze and a cursor will be displayed. Use the
4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the cursor over a sonar return, and the
depth of the sonar return will be displayed at the top of the screen in the
cursor dialog box.
Structure ID® represents weak returns in blue and strong returns in red.
The RTS Window™ continues to update in Freeze Frame. To return to a
scrolling display and exit Freeze Frame, press the EXIT key. Freeze Frame is
available in the Sonar, Split Sonar, and Sonar Zoom Views.
Instant Image Update
Instant Image Update - You can change a variety of sonar menu settings
(such as Sensitivity or Upper Range), and the adjustments will be shown
instantly on the screen.
WhiteLine™ highlights the strongest sonar returns in white, resulting in a
distinctive outline. This has the benefit of clearly defining the bottom on the
display.
Sonar Bottom Presentation
As the boat moves, the unit charts the changes in depth on the display to
create a profile of the Bottom Contour. The type of bottom can be
determined from the return charted on the display. A Hard Bottom such as
compacted sediment or flat rock appears as a thinner line across the display.
A Soft Bottom such as mud or sand appears as a thicker line across the
display. Rocky Bottoms have a broken, random appearance.
NOTE: A sloping bottom will be represented as a thicker line across the display.
Harder bottoms typically will be displayed with red and softer bottoms typically
will be displayed with blue.
47
What’s on the Sonar Display
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display (898c SI and 998c SI only)
Side Imaging® displays a number of easily recognizable features that allow for accurate interpretation of bottom contour and structure. For Side Imaging®, the bottom
composition determines the intensity of the sonar return. For example, rock and gravel provide a clearer sonar return than mud and sand because of their relative
density. Upward slopes that face the transducer reflect sonar better than downward slopes that face away from the transducer. You can find a number of easily
recognizable features on the Side Imaging® display that allow for accurate interpretation of bottom contour and structure, including the following items:
8 Water column - Shows the relative depth of the water under
1
13
12
the boat at a given time. Variations in the width of the water
column show variations in the distance to the bottom as the
boat passes over.
Triplog
9 Shadows - Result from a lack of reflected sonar from a particular
2
3
4
10
9
11
5
15
8
area and can be more valuable for interpretation than the sonar
reflected by the object itself. Use shadows to help you see the
image in 3 dimensions, oriented in space. You can gain insight
into the actual shape of an object, or the depth to which it has
sunk into the bottom, through shadows on the display. Objects
standing on the bottom cast a sonar shadow. The longer the
shadow, the taller the object. Fish also cast shadows. You can
use the shadow to interpret how close the fish is to the bottom.
10 Topography Changes - The light part of the screen shows
where the beam is hitting hard bottom or rising terrain. The
dark part of the screen indicates soft bottom (sand, mud) or
descending terrain.
6
11 Bottom Return
14
Triplog
7
1
2
3
4
Depth - Water depth; can be set to alarm when the water becomes too shallow.
Timer - Elapsed time with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
Distance - Distance traveled with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
Average Speed - Average speed reading with Speed accessory or GPS Receiver.
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display
5 Barometric Pressure - Requires optionalpurchase WeatherSense®
12 Side Imaging® Range - Images shown on the right side of the
screen are located on the right side of your boat, and images
shown on the left side of the screen are located on the left side
of your boat. In this illustration, the sonar is pinging 148 feet
on each side.
13 Top of the Display - Information from the side beams are
displayed at the top of the screen. As new information is
received, the historical data scrolls down the screen. For the
most current information, watch the top of the screen.
14 Freeze Frame & Zoom - Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to
6 Temperature - Water surface temperature
move the cursor to an area on the screen, and press the
7 Speed - If a Speed accessory or GPS Receiver
ZOOM+ key to see the sonar returns in greater detail.
is attached, the Fishing System can display the
speed of the boat, and can keep a triplog of
nautical or statute miles traveled.
48
15 Clouded Area - May indicate a bait ball and White Streaks
may indicate fish.
Understanding the Side Imaging® Display
Each time the unit pings, a strip of data representing all the echoes
received by the transducer are put together on the display to form
the image that you see.
It is important to understand how Side Imaging® technology produces the
display. The images you see on the display are produced using sonar
technology. The special transducer projects three distinct beams – one beam
facing down and two beams pointing out to the side.
The rows closest to the boat icon at the top of the view are the
most recent sonar data. The information is scrolled down the screen
as new data, drawn at the top of the screen, becomes available.
Down Beam is aimed directly below the boat and provides conical
coverage.
Side Beams are aimed at right angles to the path of the boat. The
side beam coverage is very thin from front to back, yet very wide top
to bottom. The narrow aspect (front to back) of the beam illuminates
a small strip of the bottom perpendicular to the direction of the boat.
Side Imaging
Sonar echoes are
first displayed at
the top of the
screen, and
historical data
scrolls down the
display as new
information is
received.
Side Imaging® Representation
The main benefit of Side Imaging® sonar to anglers is that it provides an
overall survey of a large area of water. This gives you a better understanding
of the bottom topography and how structure is oriented for more efficient
fishing.
Saltwater anglers pick up precise details of popular fishing structure like
wrecks, reefs, humps and drop-offs, as well as being able to spot bait balls
in open water. Freshwater anglers can see fish-attracting structure such as
timber, stumps, rocks and creek beds.
As the unit pings, a strip of data is displayed at the top of the Side Imaging® view.
49
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display
Side Imaging® Frequencies and Coverage
455 kHz provides maximum coverage with 180° total beam width
Side Imaging® sonar uses two very precise sonar beams that are directed to
either side of the boat. The beams “illuminate” the bottom contour,
structure, and fish, and the results are displayed in a “picture-like” image on
the screen.
• Frequencies: The side beams can be operated at one of two
frequencies: 455 kHz or 800 kHz. Your Side Imaging® transducer also
provides DualBeam PLUS™ at 200/83 kHz. Selecting 800 kHz
produces the sharpest image, while selecting 455 kHz provides
greater bottom coverage area.
800 kHz provides highest resolution with 130° total beam width
• Side Imaging® Beams are extremely narrow from front to back, and
provide “thin slices” of the bottom for high resolution imaging.
• Side Imaging® Range: 240 feet to each side, with a total side
coverage of 480 feet, with a depth limitation of 150 feet, depending
on the contour of the bottom and when the side beam frequency
selection is set to 455 kHz.
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display
50
For Best Performance
Beam Coverage: When there is an area directly under the boat that does not
have SI beam coverage, this area will be covered by the standard 200/83 kHz
down-looking beam and displayed in the Sonar views. The net effect of this,
on the display, is that a single object may appear as two separate entities,
when in reality, it is one continuous object. See Submerged Bridge: A
Closer Perspective and the Submerged Bridge: Alternative Perspective
illustrations for examples of this.
Use the following tips and examples to help you interpret the Side Imaging®
display.
Side Imaging® Tips
Boat speed: 2 to 6 mph
Straight line navigation
See humminbird.com and sideimaging.com for a side imaging sonar tutorial and
additional information.
Minimum turning time and wave turbulence
Boat speed: Side Imaging® is best performed at boat speeds between 2 to 6
mph. If the boat is stationary, the same information is displayed over and
over. If the boat is moving very quickly, there will be gaps between the strips
of information. The best boat speed to use will depend on the side range
selected. Slower speeds are good for longer ranges, while faster speeds can
be used at shorter ranges.
On the Water Interpretation
Submerged Bridge, Creek Channel, and New Bridge Piling
1
Boat navigation: It is important to understand that when the boat turns,
successive beam strips to one side will begin to overlap and the strips on the
other side will fan out, providing some distortion to the image. Because of
this, the best imaging performance is produced by straight line navigation
and minimal side-to-side boat motion (i.e. wave induced, etc.) This applies to
navigation by either the main engine or the trolling motor. Minimize turning
time and avoid wave action that induces large side-to-side rocking of the
boat. For example, if there is a lot of wave activity, try to move the boat so
that it is perpendicular to the waves instead of parallel with the waves in
order to minimize the side-to-side rocking of the boat.
2
3
1 New bridge pilings
2 Creek channel
3 Submerged bridge
51
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display
Submerged Ravine with Timber
Submerged Bridge, Alternative Perspective
4
3
2
1 Possible drop off
1
1
Submerged tree 3
2 Submerged timber
1 Submerged Bridge
Submerged ravine 4
Submerged Bridge: A Closer Perspective
Submerged Standing and Fallen Timber, and Bait Fish
1
1
2
1 Bait fish
2 Standing and fallen timber
1 Submerged Bridge
What’s on the Side Imaging® Display
52
Views
Submerged Swimming Pool
The sonar and navigation information from your Fishing
System are displayed on the screen in a variety of easy-toread views. Many of these views are also available as a
Combo View, which shows two views on the screen at the
same time.
1
• Default View: When you first power up the control head, Chart/Side
Combo View will be the default view for the 898c SI and 998c SI
Combo units. Sonar/Chart View will be the default view for the 858c
and 958c.
• Available Views: The available Views on your Humminbird® unit will
vary with the model and the transducer attached to your control head.
Side Imaging® and Down Imaging™ Views are only available in the
898c SI and 998c SI Combo units, and Side Beam View is only available
when an optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer is
attached to the control head. See Views Menu Tab and the following
pages for more information.
1 Swimming pool
Submerged Barge with Dumped Logs
• Cycle: When you press the VIEW key repeatedly, the display cycles
through the available views on your screen. When you press the EXIT
key, the display cycles through the available views in reverse order.
2
• Customize: You can display or hide any view to suit your fishing
preferences. See the following pages for more information about
each View.
1
1 Dumped logs
2 Submerged barge
53
Views
To customize your view rotation:
1. Press the MENU key twice to access the tabbed Main Menu, then
press the RIGHT Cursor key until the Setup tab is selected.
You can choose which views are hidden or visible in your view rotation.
2. Press the DOWN key to highlight Select Readouts, and press the
RIGHT Cursor key to access the Select Readouts submenu.
1. Press the MENU key twice to access the tabbed Main Menu, then
press the RIGHT Cursor key until the Views tab is selected.
NOTE: If the Select Readouts option does not appear under the Setup Tab,
change the User Mode to Advanced.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Cursor keys to select a View.
3. Press the LEFT or RIGHT Cursor keys to change the status of the
view from Hidden to Visible or vice versa.
3. Press the UP or DOWN Cursor keys to select a Readout position,
then press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to choose what will be
displayed in that position. To hide the data window, select Off.
To program each PRESET key:
Another way to access your favorite views quickly is to store them on the
VIEW PRESET keys. Instead of using the VIEW key to cycle through every
view to find the one you want, you can program the VIEW PRESET keys to
display a specific view immediately.
1. Press the VIEW key to cycle to the view you want to store.
2. Press and hold one of the VIEW PRESET keys for several seconds. A
chime will indicate that the view has been saved. You can store up
to three views, one on each key.
To change the Digital Readouts:
Each view displays digital readout information (such as speed or time),
which varies with the view selected, the accessory attached, and whether
or not you are navigating. See Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts for more
information about which digital readout windows can be customized.
Views
54
Side Imaging® View (898c SI and 998c SI only)
Side Imaging® View
Side Imaging® View shows a shadowed right- and left-looking view from the
boat as the boat passes over the bottom. See Understanding the Side
Imaging® Display for more information about interpreting the Side Imaging®
View.
1
9
2
6
7
• Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu: Press the MENU key once to access
the Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu. You can choose a side of the
water to view, the sensitivity of the sonar to see more or less detail,
the side beam range, the chart scrolling speed, and the display color
scheme. See Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu, as well as
Understanding the Side Imaging® Display for more information.
3
5
8
4
• Freeze Frame: Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor Control key, and
the SI View will freeze and a cursor will appear on the screen. Use
the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the cursor over a sonar return,
and observe the following:
1
2
3
4
- The depth of the sonar return you choose will be displayed at
the bottom of the screen in the cursor information box.
Depth
Triplog
Water Surface Temperature
Speed
Water Column 5
Shadows 6
Topography Changes 7
Bottom Return 8
Zoom Box 9
- Zoom+: Press the ZOOM+ key, and a zoom box will appear and
magnify the area you choose, providing more detail in the
individual sonar returns. The zoom scale will increase or
decrease as you press + or - repeatedly. Press EXIT to remove
the zoom box and return to Side Imaging® View.
55
Views
Down Imaging™ View (898c SI and 998c SI only)
Down Imaging™ View
Down Imaging™ View displays the down beam portion of the data from the
Side Imaging® beams. The Down Imaging™ results are displayed in a
“picture-like” image on the screen in 2D format. Sonar returns are charted
on the right side of the display. As new information is received, the historical
information scrolls left across the display.
2
6
3
• Coverage: The Down Imaging™ coverage is always very thin front to
back, and the side to side width can be adjusted (see Sonar Menu
Tab: Down Imaging™ Beam Width).
4
7
• Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu: Press the MENU key once to
access the Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu. You can set the
sensitivity of the sonar to see more or less detail, the chart scrolling
speed, and the display color palette (see Down Imaging™ X-Press™
Menu).
5
9
1
2
3
4
5
• Freeze Frame: Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor Control key, and
the Down Imaging™ View will freeze and a cursor will appear on the
screen. Move the cursor over a sonar return, and the depth of the
sonar return you choose will be displayed in the cursor information
box.
Views
8
1
56
Depth
Bottom Return 6
Triplog
Topography Changes 7
Water Surface Temperature
Upper Range 8
Time
Lower Range 9
Speed
Sonar View
Sonar View
Sonar View presents a historical log of sonar returns. The most recent sonar
returns are charted on the right side of the display. As new information is
received, the historical information scrolls left across the display.
6
1
7
8
9
2
10
• Upper and Lower Depth Range numbers indicate the distance from
the surface of the water to a depth range sufficient to show the
bottom.
5
11
• Depth is automatically selected to keep the bottom visible on the
display, although you can adjust it manually as well (see Sonar XPress™ Menu).
3
4
• Digital Readouts shown on the display will change based on the
Select Readouts settings or the optional-purchase accessories
attached (see Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts).
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
• Freeze Frame: Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to freeze the
display and move the cursor over a sonar return. The depth of the
sonar return will be displayed at the top of the screen in the cursor
dialog box.
Depth
Depth below Cursor 7
Triplog
Distance to Cursor 8
Temperature
Bearing to Cursor 9
Speed
RTS® Window 10
Cursor
Sonar Color Bar 11
Depth of Cursor
Lower Depth Range 12
NOTE: If the Depth number is flashing, it means that the unit is having trouble
locating the bottom. This usually happens if the water is too deep, the transducer
is out of the water, the boat is moving too fast, or for any other reason that the
unit can’t accurately receive continuous data.
57
Views
Sonar Zoom View
6
Sonar Zoom View provides a magnified view of the bottom and structure.
The Sonar Zoom View makes it easier to see separate sonar returns that
would usually be displayed close together, such as those caused by fish
suspended close to the bottom or within structure.
Sonar Zoom View
8
7
5
10
1
2
9
• The Zoom Level, or magnification, is displayed in the top left corner
of the display. Press the + or - ZOOM keys to increase or decrease the
zoom level.
3
• The Zoomed View is displayed on the left side of the screen. As the
depth changes, the zoomed view updates automatically.
4
• The Full Range View is displayed on the right side of the screen. The
Full Range View includes the Zoom Preview Box, which shows where
the zoomed view is in relation to the full range view.
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
• The Upper and Lower Depth Range numbers indicate the high and
low range of the water which is being viewed.
• Digital Readouts shown on the display will change based on the
Select Readouts settings or the optional-purchase accessories
attached (see Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts).
• Freeze Frame: Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to freeze the
display and move the cursor over a sonar return. The depth of the
sonar return will be displayed at the top of the screen in the cursor
dialog box.
Views
58
11
Depth
Upper Depth Range, Full Range View 7
Triplog
Upper Depth Range, Zoom View 8
Temperature
Speed
Zoomed View
Zoom Level
Zoom Preview Box 9
Full Range View 10
Lower Depth Range, Full Range View 11
Lower Depth Range, Zoom View 12
Split Sonar View
Split Sonar View
3
Split Sonar View displays sonar returns from the 83 kHz wide beam on the
left side of the screen and sonar returns from the 200 kHz narrow beam on
the right side of the screen. You can use the Split Sonar View to make side
by side comparisons between the sonar returns from both beams.
1
2
• Depth is displayed in the upper left hand corner.
• The Digital Readouts in the Split Sonar View cannot be customized;
therefore, information such as water temperature and voltage are
unavailable in the Split Sonar View.
7
• Freeze Frame: Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to freeze the
display and move the cursor over a sonar return. The depth of the
sonar return will be displayed at the top of the screen in the cursor
dialog box.
6
8
5
4
1
2
3
4
59
Depth
200 kHz Sonar History Window 5
Triplog
83 kHz Sonar History Window 6
Upper Depth Range
Temperature 7
Lower Depth Range
Speed 8
Views
Snapshot and Recording View
Snapshot and Recording View
(optional-purchase MMC/SD card required)
1
4
Snapshot and Recording View displays the screen snapshots and
recordings that are saved on the optional-purchase MMC/SD card installed
in the control head. Use this view to review the snapshot and recording file
details, start recording, and adjust the recording settings.
5
• Activate Screen Snapshot: Select Screen Snapshot from the
Accessories Menu Tab, and select On. Also, install an optionalpurchase MMC/SD card in the control head, and make sure
Snapshot and Recording View is set to Visible on the Views Menu
Tab.
7
2
• Scroll and View: Use the UP and DOWN Cursor keys to scroll
through the saved Screen Snapshots and Recordings. The active file
is highlighted with arrows. Press the RIGHT Cursor key to view the
file.
1
2
3
4
• Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu: Press the MENU key
once in this view to open the X-Press™ Menu. Use the X-Press™
Menu to Start Recording, Delete Images, or adjust the Recording and
Playback settings (see Recording and Playback or Snapshot and
Recording X-Press™ Menu).
Recording icon
Snapshot thumbnail
5
8
Amount of recording left to play 5
Recording mode icons 6
Unavailable icon
Amount of recording that has been played 7
Information box
Amount of space used for this recording 8
NOTE: For snapshots and recordings, the indicator bar has several states: during
recording, the amount of space remaining on the MMC/SD card is indicated on
the status bar. During playback, the amount of time/memory remaining to play is
indicated on the status bar. When a snapshot thumbnail is highlighted, the
amount of room remaining on the MMC/SD card is indicated.
NOTE: The speed of the screen capture or the recording depends on the type
of card you use; in general, SD cards capture the screen faster than MMC
cards.
Views
6
3
60
Screen Snapshots
Delete a Screen Snapshot:
Screen Snapshots are saved pictures of the view on the screen. The screen
snapshot will include the menus, dialog boxes, warnings, and messages that
were active when the screen snapshot was taken. Saved Screen Snapshots
can be viewed from the Snapshot and Recording View or Chart View.
1. From the Snapshot and
Recording View, press the UP
or DOWN Cursor keys to
scroll through the saved files
and highlight a snapshot file.
1
The Screen Snapshot feature is available when an optional-purchase
MMC/SD card is installed and Screen Snapshot is On (see Accessories
Menu Tab: Screen Snapshot).
1 From Snapshot and Recording View, select Delete
Image from the X-Press™ Menu.
Make a Screen Snapshot:
1
2
1 Waypoint saved at Cursor Location
2 Screen Snapshot Confirmation
3 File Name
3
2. Press the Menu key once,
and select Delete Image from
the X-Press™ Menu.
3. Press the RIGHT Cursor key.
1. Activate Screen Snapshot
and install an MMC/SD card.
NOTE: Navigation is not affected by the Screen Snapshot feature. Also, if Screen
Snapshot is enabled, but a GPS receiver is not connected, pressing the MARK key
will capture the screen image but an error will display that says a GPS position
fix is required to create a waypoint.
2. From any view or cursor
location you want to capture,
press the MARK key. The
screen will pause while the
image is saved.
4
1
A waypoint will also be created at the boat or active cursor location. The
screen snapshot shares the same file name (.PNG).
2
View a saved Screen Snapshot
from Snapshot and Recording
View:
3
5
1
2
3
4
5
61
Snapshot File Name
Time + Date of Snapshot
Waypoint Position
1. From the Snapshot and
Recording View, press the UP
or DOWN Cursor keys to
scroll through the saved files
and highlight a snapshot file.
2. Press the RIGHT Cursor key.
Highlighted Snapshot File
MMC/SD card available storage
Views
Recording and Playback
View a saved Screen Snapshot
from Chart View:
1
2
1 Screen Snapshot Icon and Waypoint Name
2 Thumbnail Preview
(press the INFO key to view at full size)
The Recording feature records active sonar information. When the recording
is played back, the views that were active during the recording are available
in Playback. The Recording and Playback feature is available when an
optional-purchase MMC/SD card is installed and Screen Snapshot is On (see
Accessories Menu Tab: Screen Snapshot). Saved Recordings can be played
back from the Snapshot and Recording View.
1. In Chart View, use the 4-WAY
Cursor Control key to move
the active cursor onto a
Screen Snapshot Icon
.
When the cursor snaps onto
the Screen Snapshot Icon, a
thumbnail preview of the
Screen Snapshot will be
displayed on the screen.
1
1. From the Snapshot and
Recording View, press the
MENU key once to open the
Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu.
2. Press the INFO key, and select View Snapshot.
3. Press the EXIT key to return to Chart View.
2
Notes about Screen Snapshots:
1 From Snapshot and Recording View, select Start
Recording from the X-Press™ Menu
• A border around the full screen indicates that the view is a saved
screen snapshot and not a “live” view.
2 Slider Bar
• If you press the INFO key, and the snapshot file connected to the icon
is not saved on the installed MMC/SD card, the Chart Information
box will display instead of the screen snapshot.
2. Highlight Start Recording,
and press the RIGHT Cursor
key. A waypoint will also be
created at the boat location,
and the recording shares the
same file name (.SON).
Stop recording:
• Use an optional-purchase MMC/SD card reader connected to a PC to
view the saved screen snapshot data files on your optional-purchase
MMC/SD card (see humminbird.com for details). You will notice that
a .DAT (or a .TXT) file is created for every .PNG screen snapshot. This
data file is required for viewing the screen snapshots from your
control head, so don’t delete these files.
Views
Start recording:
1. In any view, press the MENU key once to open the Snapshot and
Recording X-Press™ Menu.
2. Highlight Stop Recording and press the RIGHT Cursor key.
62
Notes about Recording:
Change Playback Settings:
1
• While recording, press the EXIT key to exit the Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu and scroll to a different view. Recording will continue.
2
• The slider bar at the bottom of the Snapshot and Recording View shows
the recording progress and remaining space on the MMC/SD card.
• Pings Per Second: For maximum performance, keep the Pings Per
Second setting on Auto (see Snapshot and Recording X-Press™
Menu).
1 “Playback” indicates the control head is playing
a saved recording.
• Viewing saved Screen Snapshots and Recording Playback are not
available while in recording mode.
1
2
1 Recording File Information
2 Highlighted Recording File
2 Open the X-Press™ Menu to adjust
Playback settings.
You can also use Freeze Frame and mark waypoints.
1. Press the MENU key once to
open the Snapshot and
Recording X-Press™ Menu.
2. Use the X-Press™ Menu to
adjust the Sonar Recording’s
Sensitivity, Upper Range,
Lower Range, and the
Playback
Speed.
See
Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu for details.
Playback a Recording:
Stop Playback:
1. From the Snapshot and
Recording View, press the UP
or DOWN Cursor keys to
scroll through the saved files
and highlight a saved
Recording.
1. Press the MENU key once to open the Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu.
2. Highlight Stop Playback, and press the RIGHT Cursor key.
Delete a Recording:
1
2. Press the RIGHT Cursor key.
1 From Snapshot and Recording View, select
Delete Recording from the X-Press™ Menu.
63
1. From the Snapshot and
Recording View, press the UP
or DOWN Cursor keys to
scroll through the saved files
and highlight a saved
Recording.
2. Press the Menu key once,
and select Delete Recording
from the X-Press™ Menu.
Press the RIGHT Cursor key.
Views
Notes about Playback:
Recording Information
• “Playback” will flash periodically on the screen to indicate that the
control head is playing a saved recording and not a “live” view.
1
• Navigation is not affected by the Sonar Recording feature, but any
active navigation is cancelled and thumbnails and icons disappear
when Playback begins or ends.
5
3
4
6
7
8
• Playback is paused automatically at the end of the recording.
• Freeze Frame: Press the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to pause Playback
and move the Active Cursor to a location on the sonar view. The Cursor
dialog box will show the depth and information for the location you
choose. Press Exit to resume Playback.
2
8
9
• Press the MARK key during Playback to save a Screen Snapshot
and/or mark a waypoint in the view or active cursor location you
choose.
1
2
3
4
5
Recording Indicator
Current Ping Rate 6
Amount of space and time used by this recording
Average Ping Rate 7
Name of recording
Amount of space remaining on card 8
Time and Date recording was started
Total amount of space on card 9
Position where recording was started
10
NOTE: Sonar chart speed is increased during Fast Forward and reversed during
Rewind. This may reduce the quality of the sonar image, since at higher speeds,
not every sonar return can be processed and displayed.
Views
64
Side Beam View
Default layout: The top portion of the display presents a historical log of
sonar returns from the 200 kHz down-looking sonar beam. New information
in the down beam panel scrolls from right to left. The bottom portion of the
display presents a historical log of sonar returns from the 455 kHz right- and
left-looking sonar beams. New information in the side beam panels scrolls
from the center out.
(optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer required)
Side Beam View displays sonar data from the left and right 455 kHz beams
and the 200 kHz down-looking beam in one view. This view is available if an
optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer accessory is connected
and Transducer Select is set to QuadraBeam (see Sonar Menu Tab:
Transducer Select).
Side Beam View, Default Layout
NOTE: The QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer requires a separate purchase.
1
4
• Coverage: The sonar information from the side-looking beams
reveals bottom contour, structure, and fish similar to the downlooking beam, but the area covered is to the left and right, which
gives you a wider view of the bottom.
5
• Range: The distance covered by the right and left side-looking
beams is controlled by the Lower Range setting for the down-looking
beam, up to a maximum of 160 feet (see Sonar X-Press™ Menu:
Lower Range).
3
6
2
• Layout: The Side Beam View can be arranged in any of the following
layouts: Default, Classic, and Slanted. Press the MENU key once, and
select Quad Layout from the X-Press™ Menu to choose a layout for
this view.
200 kHz Sonar History Window 4
1 Depth
Water Surface Line for 455 kHz Sonar History Windows 5
2 Temperature
Right Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window 6
3 Left Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window
65
Views
Classic layout: The top portion of the display presents a historical log of
sonar returns from the 200 kHz down-looking sonar beam. New information
in the down beam panel scrolls from right to left. The bottom portion of the
display presents a historical log of sonar returns from the 455 kHz right- and
left-looking sonar beams. New information appears at the top and scrolls
down the display.
Slanted layout: This layout presents the two 455 kHz side sonar beams and
the 200 kHz down-looking sonar beam as three panels of historical data. This
layout is presented as three slanted panels. New information appears on the
right and scrolls to the left.
Side Beam View, Slanted Layout
1
Side Beam View, Classic Layout
1
4
5
5
5
2
2
6
3
3
5
1 Depth
2 Temperature
3 Left Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window
Views
1 Depth
2 Temperature
3 Left Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window
200 kHz Sonar History Window 4
Water Surface Line for 455 kHz 5
Sonar History Windows
Right Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window 6
66
4
6
200 kHz Sonar History Window 4
Water Surface Line for 455 kHz 5
Sonar History Windows
Right Side 455 kHz Sonar History Window 6
Bird’s Eye View
Bird’s Eye View
Bird’s Eye View shows a 3D perspective view of the track and the chart’s
land contour from a point above and behind the boat (the eye point). As the
boat turns, the eye point moves to follow the boat.
1
2
• To shift the eye point position so that you can look off to the sides,
or even behind the boat: Press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to turn
the eye point right or left. Press the UP Cursor key to move the eye
point forward, and press the DOWN Cursor key to move the eye point
backward.
5
3
6
• Press the EXIT key to move the eye point back to its original position
behind and above the boat.
4
1 Depth
2 Course: Direction that boat is travelling
relative to North Reference
3 Latitude and Longitude Position of Boat
67
Speed of Boat 4
Land Contours 5
Boat Icon 6
Views
Chart View
Chart View with Active Cursor
Chart View shows cartography from the built-in Contour XD™, built-in
UniMap™, or an optional MMC/SD map for the area surrounding your
current position. The current track (also known as the position history or
breadcrumb trail) showing where the boat has been, along with saved
tracks, waypoints, and the current route (when navigating), are overlaid on
the chart.
1
5
7
6
8
2
10
4
3
9
• Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to shift/pan the chart to another
area.
• Press the ZOOM (+/-) keys to zoom in and out.
• Press the INFO key to get information about the chart objects near
the cursor.
1 Depth
2 Course: Direction that boat is travelling
relative to North Reference.
3 Track (Breadcrumb Trail)
4 Map Scale
5 Latitude and Longitude Position of Cursor
Views
68
Distance to the Cursor 6
Bearing to Cursor 7
Cartography 8
Active Cursor 9
Boat Icon 10
Combo Views
Side Imaging®/Sonar Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only)
Combo Views display two views on the screen at the same time. You can
perform functions for either side of the view, access the X-Press™ Menu,
and change the left view display size. The available combo views are shown
on the following pages.
Side/Sonar Combo View shows sonar information and Side Imaging® sonar
information in a combination split screen.
1
Combo Views: Functions
Side/Sonar Combo View
9
5
2
The Combo Views allow you to view and control two views at once. To
change the settings in a View, the view must be selected as the active side.
6
• The green arrow points to the active side.
3
• Active Side: Press the MENU key once and select Active Side from
the X-Press™ Menu. Choose RIGHT or LEFT to set the active side.
8
7
• X-Press™ Menu: After you set the Active Side, press the MENU key
once to access the X-Press™ Menu. The X-Press™ Menu provides
settings for the active view, and the display updates immediately
with your changes.
4
1
2
3
4
5
• Display Size: Press the MENU key once and select Split Position
from the X-Press™ Menu. Split Position allows you to adjust the size
of the left side of the display.
Depth
Course: Bearing of Boat with Respect to North Reference
Water Surface Temperature
Speed
Water Column
Shadows 6
Topography Changes 7
Bottom Return 8
Green Arrow: Active Side 9
10
• Active Cursor: Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor Control key, and
the cursor will appear on the active side of the view.
69
Combo Views
Chart/Bird’s Eye Combo View
Chart/Chart Combo View
Chart/Chart Combo View shows the Chart and Bird’s Eye views in a
combination split screen.
Chart/Chart Combo View shows two versions of the Chart view in a
combination split screen so that you can see the position of the boat on one
side while you zoom in or perform other functions on the other.
Chart/Bird’s Eye Combo View
1
6
8
7
Chart/Chart Combo View
2
6
1
9
8
7
9
9
2
9
10
4
5
5
4
4
11
5
1 Depth
2 Course: Direction that boat is travelling
relative to North Reference
3 Bird’s Eye Window
4 Boat Icon
5 Track (Breadcrumb Trail)
.
5
Latitude and Longitude Position of Cursor 6
3
11
Distance to the Cursor 7
1 Depth
Bearing to the Cursor 8
2 Course: Direction that boat is travelling
relative to North Reference
Cartography 9
Active Cursor 10
3 Chart Window 1
Chart Window 11
4 Boat Icon
5 Track (Breadcrumb Trail)
Combo Views
10
4
3
70
Latitude and Longitude Position of Cursor 6
Distance to the Cursor 7
Bearing to the Cursor 8
Cartography 9
Active Cursor 10
Chart Window 2 11
Chart/Sonar Combo View
Chart/Side Imaging® Combo View (898c SI and 998c SI only)
Chart/Sonar Combo View shows both the Chart and Sonar views in a
combination split screen.
Chart/Side Imaging Combo View shows chart information and Side
Imaging® sonar information in a combination split screen.
Chart/Sonar Combo View
Chart/Side Combo View
10
1
6
2
8
2
4
9
5
1
6
5
3
10
3
7
7
8
4
1 Depth
2 Course: Direction that boat is travelling
relative to North Reference
3 Track (Breadcrumb Trail)
4 Map Scale
Boat Icon 5
1
2
3
4
5
6
Cartography 6
Sonar Window 7
Chart Window 8
71
11
Depth
Course: Bearing of Boat with Respect to North Reference
Water Surface Temperature
Speed of Boat
Side Imaging® View Window
Shadows
Topography Changes 7
Bottom Return 8
Chart View Window 9
Boat Icon 10
Cartography 11
12
Combo Views
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging® Combo View
Chart/Down Imaging™ Combo View
(898c SI and 998c SI only)
(898c SI and 998c SI only)
Down/Side Imaging® Combo View shows Down Imaging™ and Side
Imaging® sonar information in a combination split screen.
Chart/Down Imaging™ Combo View shows Chart and Down Imaging™
information in a combination split screen.
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging® Combo View
1
2
3
9
Chart/Down Imaging™ Combo View
1
10
7
8
7
3
2
8
4
4
5
6
10
5
2 Down Imaging™ View Window
3 Upper Depth Range
4 Depth Lines
5 Bottom Return
Combo Views
11
5
6
1 Digital Readouts
9
6
Lower Depth Range 6
1
2
3
4
5
6
Side Imaging® View Window 7
Green Arrow: Active Side 8
Side Imaging® Range (Left) 9
Side Imaging® Range (Right) 10
72
Digital Readouts
Down Imaging™ View Window
Upper Depth Range
Depth Lines
Bottom Return
Shadows
Chart View Window 7
Green Arrow: Active Side 8
Cartography 9
Map Scale 10
Boat Icon 11
12
Down Imaging™/Sonar Combo View
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging®/Sonar Combo View
(898c SI and 998c SI only)
(898c SI and 998c SI only)
Down Imaging™/Sonar Combo View shows traditional Sonar information
on the left and Down Imaging™ sonar information on the right.
Down/Side Imaging/Sonar Combo View shows Down Imaging™ and
traditional Sonar information on the left side of the screen, and Side
Imaging® on the right side of the screen. If you use the active cursor on the
left side of the screen, a cursor will appear in both the Sonar and Down
Imaging™ views.
Down Imaging™/Sonar Combo View
1
3
2
6
4
Down Imaging™/Side Imaging®/Sonar Combo View
5
5
1
2
3
4
5
7
1 Digital Readouts
2 Sonar View Window
3 Down Imaging™ View Window
Green Arrow: Active Side 4
Depth Lines 5
Upper Depth Range 6
Lower Depth Range 7
1 Digital Readouts
2 Down Imaging™ View Window
3 Green Arrow: Active Side
73
Side Imaging® View Window 4
Sonar View Window 5
Combo Views
View Orientation
Viewing Cartography
Both Chart and Combo Views allow you to choose the orientation of the
view (see Navigation Menu Tab: Chart Orientation). In both orientations,
the view pans automatically so that the boat is always centered on the
display.
In the Chart and Combo Views, there are several cartography-related functions
that you can access using various keys.
Panning: Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the chart around on the
display in the direction of the key being pressed. When you do this, a bull's
eye cursor is drawn at the center of the screen and is linked to the boat by
a gray line, even if the boat is off the screen. At the same time, a cursor
dialog box is displayed at the top of the screen with the distance and bearing
from the boat to the cursor position and the latitude/longitude coordinates
of the cursor. When the cursor is active on the display, you can also use the
4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the cursor diagonally.
• North-Up: True North is shown at the top of the display. Objects
located to the north of the boat are drawn above the boat.
• Course-Up: The direction of motion of the boat is shown at the top
of the display. Objects ahead of the boat are drawn above the boat.
When the boat is stationary, it is drawn as a circle.
Chart View with Cursor Present
When the boat is in motion, it takes on a boat shape, pointed in
the direction of motion (always Up in the Course-Up orientation).
Viewing Cartography
74
Zooming: Press the Plus (+) key to Zoom In and the Minus (-) key to Zoom
Out to see the cartography at different magnification levels. The zoom level
is indicated on the left side of the display. If you zoom in beyond the available
chart data, the display will go into Overzoom mode whereby the last
available chart data is amplified to reflect the level selected. If you zoom in
so far that no cartography is available, a lat/long grid will be drawn instead.
Nearest Port: The position and services information for the nearest port to
your present position will be displayed. Press the EXIT key to remove the
information box and the cursor bull’s eye will be centered over the port
position. The cursor information boxes will indicate the distance and bearing
to the port from your present position.
Nearest Tide Station: Tide information for the nearest tide station to your
present position will be displayed. This includes the position of the station
and the times of the high and low tides for today’s date. A tide graph is also
displayed showing the rise and fall of the tides for the 24 hour time period
encompassing the date. You can change the date to look at tide information
before or after the date displayed by pressing the LEFT or RIGHT Cursor key
respectively. Press the EXIT key to remove the information box, and the
cursor bull’s eye will be centered over the tide station position. The cursor
information boxes indicate the distance and bearing to the tide station from
your present position.
Screen Snapshots and Recording Icons: When a waypoint is created while
Screen Snapshot and Recording is active, the waypoint will appear as a
snapshot icon or recording icon in chart views. See Views: Snapshot and
Recording View for more information.
Chart Info: Press the INFO key to get detailed information about the chart.
If the cursor is active, you will see information about the chart objects
located near the cursor.
If the cursor is not active, the Chart Info
submenu will appear. Use the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key to select the Nearest Port, the
Nearest Tide Station, or the Nearest Current
Station and see information about any of
these objects.
Nearest Current Station: Current information for the nearest current station
to your present position will be displayed. This includes the position of the
station and the current changes for today. Two graphs are also presented
that show the time, direction, and flow speed of the current changes for the
24 hour time period of today’s date. You can change the date to look at
current information before or after the date displayed by pressing the LEFT
or RIGHT Cursor key respectively. Press the EXIT key to remove the
information box, and the cursor bull’s eye will be centered over the current
station position. The cursor information boxes will indicate the distance and
bearing to the current station from your present position.
NOTE: The built-in UniMap™ does not contain
any Port, Tide, or Current information. This
information is only available from optionalpurchase MMC/SD cards.
75
Viewing Cartography
Introduction to Navigation
Waypoints, Routes and Tracks
Use your Fishing System to mark waypoints at areas of interest and to
navigate to those waypoints via a savable route. A route represents the
shortest intended distance between waypoints. You can also view and save
tracks, which represent the actual path of the boat.
1
2
8
3
Waypoints, Routes, and Tracks
4
Waypoints are stored positions (latitude, longitude) that allow you to mark
areas of interest or navigation points (i.e. a marker buoy, dock, or fishing
hole). Your Fishfinder can store up to 3000 waypoints.
10
5
6
7
Routes link two or more waypoints together to create a path for navigation
and are used in trip planning. You can link individual waypoints together by
using the GOTO key. A route represents your intended navigation and shows
the shortest path from each waypoint to the next. As you travel a route,
staying on the route line is the most efficient way to get to your destination,
although you should always look out for obstacles not shown on the chart.
Your Fishing System can store up to 50 routes that can each contain up to
50 waypoints.
1 Depth
2 Course: Direction that boat is traveling
relative to North Reference
3 Bearing: Direction to Destination Waypoint
Relative to North Reference
4 XTE: Cross Track Error. Distance of Boat
from Route
5 DTG: Distance to Go to Waypoint
TTG: Estimate of Trip Time to Destination Waypoint 6
Speed Over Ground: Speed of Boat 7
Waypoint 8
Route 9
Off-Course Alarm Limits 10
Map Scale 11
NOTE: When two or more waypoints overlap, or are displayed close together on
a chart view, the screen will automatically declutter—waypoint names will
shorten and the waypoint icons will change into small blue icons.
Tracks consist of detailed position history and are displayed as a
breadcrumb trail of trackpoints. The Current Track shows the position history
since the unit was powered up (maximum of 20,000 trackpoints displayed).
You can clear the Current Track or save it at any time. Your Fishing System
can store up to 50 saved tracks, each containing 20,000 trackpoints. The
current track represents your actual path so far.
Introduction to Navigation
9
11
To view a Decluttered Waypoint at full size, use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to
move the cursor onto a decluttered waypoint icon. When the cursor snaps onto
the icon, the full-size waypoint name and icon will be displayed. You can also
press the ZOOM+ key until you can see the individual waypoints on the screen.
See Navigation Menu Tab: Waypoint Decluttering to turn off this feature.
76
Save, Edit, or Delete a Waypoint
Edit a waypoint: From the Waypoints submenu, select Edit and press the
RIGHT Cursor key to display the saved waypoints list. Select the waypoint
you want to edit and press the RIGHT Cursor key. Use the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key to edit a waypoint name, latitude, longitude, and icon before
selecting Save.
Save your current position as a waypoint: On any view, press the MARK
key to save the current position of the boat as a waypoint.
Save the cursor position as a waypoint: On the Chart or Combo View, use
the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the cursor to the position you want to
save as a waypoint. Then press the MARK key to save the position as a
waypoint.
To make it easier to select a waypoint to edit, select Sort By and press the
RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to select a sort order:
• Name shows the waypoints alphabetically.
Save a position from the sonar history: On any Sonar View, use the 4-WAY
Cursor Control key to move the cursor to a feature in the sonar history. Press
the MARK key to create a waypoint at the location where that sonar reading
was taken. The new waypoint will also record the depth at that location.
• Time shows the most recently-created waypoint first.
• Distance shows the closest waypoint first.
Program or Edit the waypoint fields: Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to
move from field to field, and the UP and DOWN Cursor keys to change
values once you are in a field.
NOTE: When you save a waypoint by any of these methods, a numerical
waypoint name is automatically assigned. You can edit the waypoint
information later to give it a different name and select an icon to represent
it (see Program or Edit the waypoint fields).
In the Waypoint Name, Latitude, and Longitude fields, press the UP and
DOWN Cursor keys to change the letter or number. All upper and lower
case letters are available, as well as digits 0-9 and some punctuation
characters.
Display the Waypoints Submenu: From any view, press the MENU key
twice to display the Main Menu, then use the RIGHT Cursor key to select the
Navigation tab. Select Waypoints, and press the RIGHT Cursor key to display
the Waypoints submenu.
In the Waypoint Icon field, press the UP and DOWN Cursor keys to change
the icon used to represent the waypoint on the Combo and Chart Views.
You can exit these fields with the LEFT and RIGHT Cursor keys or by
pressing the EXIT key.
Program a specific position as a waypoint: To create a waypoint that is
NOT your current position, from the Waypoints submenu select Create, and
press the RIGHT Cursor key. Use the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to program a
waypoint name, latitude, longitude, and icon before selecting Save.
77
Introduction to Navigation
Navigate to a Waypoint or Position
Add a Waypoint Target or Trolling Grid
Navigate to the cursor position: From the Chart or Combo View, use the
4-WAY Cursor Control key to move the cursor to a position or waypoint on
the display. Press the GOTO key. Navigation will begin immediately.
The Waypoint Target shows a target consisting of concentric circles in various
distance ranges centered on the waypoint you choose. The Trolling Grid
shows various distance ranges in grid format from the waypoint you choose.
The trolling grid can be used as a guide when trolling around a waypoint.
Navigate to a specified waypoint: Press the GOTO key. Press the DOWN
Cursor key to highlight a waypoint from the saved waypoints list, and press
the RIGHT Cursor key to start navigation.
Chart View with Target
NOTE: By repeating the previous instructions, you can add more waypoints to
create a longer multi-segment route.
1
2
Skip a waypoint: From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select Skip Next
Waypoint, and press the RIGHT Cursor key. If there is not another waypoint
to skip to, navigation will be cancelled.
1 Map Scale
Cancel navigation: From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select Cancel
Navigation, and press the RIGHT Cursor key. Canceling navigation removes
the route and any waypoints created using the GOTO key, but it does not
remove any saved routes from memory. You will be prompted to save the
current route when you cancel navigation.
Waypoint Target 2
Chart View with Grid
2
1
1 Map Scale
Introduction to Navigation
78
Waypoint Trolling Grid 2
Add a Waypoint Target: From the
Waypoints submenu, select Target,
and press the RIGHT Cursor key to
display the saved waypoints list.
Select a waypoint and press the
RIGHT Cursor key.
Add a Trolling Grid: From the
Waypoints submenu, select Grid,
and press the RIGHT Cursor key to
display the saved waypoints list.
Select a waypoint and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. The grid can also
be rotated to any heading by
adjusting the Grid Rotation setting
on the Navigation Menu Tab.
Remove Target or Trolling Grid:
Press the MENU key once, and
choose Remove Target or Remove
Grid from the Navigation X-Press™
Menu.
NOTE: Only one waypoint can have either a target or a grid applied to it at one
time. If you apply a target or a grid to a new waypoint, the original waypoint will
lose its target or grid.
Edit waypoint order in a route: From the Route Edit dialog box, highlight a
waypoint in the In Route list, and press the RIGHT Cursor key to access the
Waypoint In Route submenu. From this submenu, you can move the
waypoint up or down in the route order or delete it from the list.
NOTE: The spacing of the rings on the waypoint target and the spacing of the
grid lines on the trolling grid are the same as the length of the scale bar on the
left edge of the display. Zooming in or out will decrease or increase the spacing,
respectively.
Delete a saved route: From the Routes submenu, select Delete and press
the RIGHT Cursor key. Select the route you want to delete and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. You will be asked to confirm your choice by pressing the
RIGHT Cursor key again before the route is deleted.
Save, Edit or Delete a Route
Travel a saved route: From the Routes submenu, select Travel, and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. The saved routes list will appear. Select the route you
want to travel, and press the RIGHT Cursor key to make this route the current
route and begin navigation. You may also travel the route in forward or
reverse order by changing the Direction setting in the saved routes list.
Save the current route: While you are navigating, the current route can be
saved. From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select Save Current Route, and
press the RIGHT Cursor key. Navigation will continue.
Display the Routes submenu: From any view, press the MENU key twice
to display the Main Menu, then press the RIGHT Cursor key to select the
Navigation tab. Press the DOWN Cursor key until Routes is highlighted,
and press the RIGHT Cursor key to display the Routes submenu.
Route Info: From the Routes submenu, select Info, and press the RIGHT
Cursor key. The saved routes list will appear. Select a route, and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. The following information will be displayed for the route
you select: The waypoints in the route, with the distance and bearing from
each waypoint to the next, as well as the distance and bearing from the
current position to the first waypoint in the route.
Create a route: From the Routes submenu, select Create and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. A Route Edit dialog box will be displayed with an empty
route. You can name the route, add waypoints to the route from the saved
waypoints list, and order the waypoints in the route using the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key to move between fields.
Edit a saved route: From the Routes submenu, select Edit and press the
RIGHT Cursor key. A Route Edit dialog box will be displayed. Select the route
you want to edit and press the RIGHT Cursor key. Re-name the route or
change, delete, or re-order the waypoints used in the route.
79
Introduction to Navigation
Save or Clear a Current Track
When the Edit Track dialog box appears, use the Cursor keys to move between
fields. In the Name field, the UP and DOWN Cursor keys change the letter or
number. All upper and lower case letters are available, as well as digits 0-9
and some punctuation characters. You can exit the Name field with the LEFT
and RIGHT Cursor keys or by pressing the EXIT key. Select Save and press the
RIGHT Cursor key to save your changes.
Save the current track: From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select Save
Current Track, and press the RIGHT Cursor key. The track will remain on the
display but will change from black to gray. To remove the track completely
from the display, see Edit, Delete, or Hide Saved Tracks.
NOTE: When you save a track, a name is automatically assigned. The track name
consists of a date/time stamp, but can be re-named later (see Edit, Delete, or
Hide Saved Tracks).
Delete a saved track: From the Saved Tracks submenu, select Delete, and
press the RIGHT Cursor key to display the saved tracks list. Select the track
you want to delete and press the RIGHT Cursor key. You will be asked to
confirm deletion before the track is permanently deleted.
Clear the current track: From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select Clear
Current Track, and press the RIGHT Cursor key. The track will be removed
from the display and permanently deleted.
Hide or display a saved track: From the Saved Tracks submenu, select
Visibility, and press the RIGHT Cursor key to display the saved tracks list.
Select the track you want to hide or display and press the RIGHT or LEFT
Cursor keys to select Hidden or Visible. Press the EXIT key to return to the
Saved Tracks submenu.
Edit, Delete, or Hide Saved Tracks
Display the Saved Tracks Submenu: From any view, press the MENU key
twice to display the Main Menu, then press the RIGHT Cursor key to select
the Navigation tab. Select Saved Tracks, and press the RIGHT Cursor key to
display the Saved Tracks submenu.
Edit a saved track: From the Saved Tracks submenu, select Edit, and press
the RIGHT Cursor key to display the saved tracks list. Select the track you
want to edit and press the RIGHT Cursor key.
Introduction to Navigation
80
Man Overboard (MOB) Navigation
MOB Navigation
As soon as you know that you have a man overboard (MOB), you should
activate MOB navigation to maximize the chances for a successful rescue.
MOB navigation allows you to create an MOB waypoint to locate the point
at which your man went overboard and the relation of the boat to that point.
4
Activate MOB navigation: Press and hold the GOTO key for more than 1.5
seconds to activate the Man Overboard (MOB) function.
3
5
When MOB is activated, a MOB waypoint is created at the boat's current
position, regardless of whether the chart cursor is active or not. The MOB
waypoint has a large, distinctive icon. Once MOB is activated, any current
navigation will be cancelled and the current route will be discarded without
user notification. MOB navigation will begin immediately, and the MOB View
will show the following:
1
1 Position where man fell overboard
2 Elapsed time since MOB was activated
3 Boat icon
• The view will switch to the Chart View, and the elapsed time since
MOB was activated will be displayed.
• A line will be drawn from the boat's current position to the MOB
waypoint, and the MOB waypoint will be targeted.
2
Target surrounding MOB waypoint 4
MOB waypoint 5
6
It is not possible to re-activate MOB or modify the current route without
first canceling MOB navigation. The Off Course trigger is also disabled and
the Off Course Alarm circle is not drawn. Any press of the GOTO key, or
selection of a GOTO menu option, will cause an error beep and a short
message will be displayed that will disappear after 2 seconds.
• The latitude/longitude position of the MOB waypoint will be
displayed in an additional information box.
Cancel MOB Navigation: From the Navigation X-Press™ Menu, select
Cancel MOB, and press the RIGHT Cursor key. Canceling MOB navigation
removes the route and any waypoints created using the GOTO key but does
not remove any saved routes from memory.
81
Introduction to Navigation - MOB
The Menu System
Start-Up Options Menu
The Menu System is divided into easy-to-use menu modules as follows:
Press the MENU key during the power on sequence to view the Start-Up
Options Menu, and select one of the modes described on the following
pages. Also, see Power On the Control Head for more information.
• Start-Up Options Menu: Press the MENU key during the power on
sequence to view the Start-Up Options Menu. From the Start-Up
Options Menu, you can choose the following Fishfinder Modes:
Normal, Simulator, and System Status.
Start-Up Options Menu
• X-Press™ Menu: The X-Press™ Menu provides a shortcut to the
most frequently-used settings, and the options on the X-Press™
Menu correspond with the current view.
• Main Menu: The Main Menu is a standard set of menu settings
which are organized under the following tabbed headings: Alarms,
Sonar, Navigation, Chart, Setup, Views, and Accessories.
NOTE: The X-Press™ Menu(s) and the Main Menu options can also be
expanded or simplified by setting the User Mode to Advanced or Normal (see
Main Menu: User Mode).
Normal
Use Normal for on-the-water operation with a transducer connected. If a
functioning transducer is connected, Normal operation will be selected
automatically at power up, and your Fishfinder can be used on the water.
To exit Normal operation, power off your Fishfinder.
The Menu System
82
Simulator
System Status
Use Simulator to learn how to use your Fishfinder before taking your boat
on the water. The Simulator is a very powerful tool that provides a randomlyupdated display which simulates on the water operation.
Use System Status to view system connections and to conduct a unit selftest.
After you select System Status from the Start-Up Options Menu, press the
VIEW key to display the following options:
Simulator
• Self Test
• Accessory Test
• GPS Diagnostic View
To exit System Status, power off your Fishfinder.
Self Test displays results from the internal diagnostic self test, including unit
serial number, Printed Circuit Board (PCB) serial number, software revision,
total hours of operation, and the input voltage.
Self Test Screen
We recommend going through this manual while using the Simulator, since
all of the menus function and affect the display in the same way as they
would in Normal operation. Any menu changes you make will be saved for
later use.
• A message will appear often on the display to indicate Simulator
mode.
• To exit Simulator, power off your Fishfinder.
NOTE: It is important to select Simulator manually from the Start-Up Options
Menu as opposed to letting the Fishfinder enter Simulator automatically (as it will
if a transducer is not connected and you do nothing during power up).
83
Start-Up Options Menu
Accessory Test lists the accessories connected to the system.
NOTE: This view is only available when a GPS Receiver is attached to the
control head.
Accessory Test Screen
GPS Diagnostic View
1
2
4
3
NOTE: The speed accessory will be detected only if the paddlewheel has moved
since your Fishfinder was powered up.
GPS Diagnostic View shows a sky chart and numerical data from the GPS
receiver. The sky chart shows the location of each visible GPS satellite with
its satellite number and a signal strength bar. A dark gray bar indicates that
the satellite is being used to determine your current position. A light gray bar
indicates that the satellite is being monitored, but is not yet being used.
1 Sky Chart
2 Satellite Being Used
This view also reports the current position, local time and date, and other
numeric information. The current GPS Fix Type is reported as No Fix, 2D Fix,
3D Fix, or Enhanced. An Enhanced fix has been augmented using
information from WAAS, EGNOS, or MSAS. A 3D or Enhanced Fix is required
for navigation. HDOP (the Horizontal Dilution of Precision) is a GPS system
parameter which depends on the current satellite configuration. HDOP is
used to calculate the Estimated Position Error.
Start-Up Options Menu
84
Current Latitude and Longitude 3
Satellite Being Monitored 4
X-Press™ Menu
Main Menu
The X-Press™ Menu provides a shortcut to
your most frequently-used settings. The
options provided on the X-Press™ Menu
correspond with the current view. For
example, if you are in a Sonar View and
press the MENU key once, the Sonar
X-Press™ Menu will display.
The Main Menu provides the standard set of
menu options, including the settings that
are changed less frequently. The Main Menu
is organized under the following tabs to help
you find a specific menu item quickly:
Alarms, Sonar, Navigation, Chart, Setup,
Views, and Accessories.
X-Press™ Menu
Main Menu System
Normal User Mode
To use an X-Press™ Menu:
1. In any view, press the MENU key once.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
To use the Main Menu:
2. Press the UP or DOWN Cursor keys to highlight an X-Press™ Menu
option, then use the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to change the menu
setting.
1. In any view, press the MENU key twice.
2. Press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to highlight a menu tab.
NOTE: The X-Press™ Menu will collapse temporarily and the screen will
update if it is affected by your menu setting change, which allows you to see
the effects of your change immediately.
3. Press the DOWN or UP Cursor keys to select a specific menu option
under that tab.
4. Press the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys again to change a menu setting.
3. Reactivate the X-Press™ Menu by pressing the UP or DOWN Cursor keys.
• A down arrow at the bottom of a menu means that you can
scroll to additional menu options using the DOWN Cursor key.
Total Screen Update™ - When you change any menu settings that affect
the current view, the view will update immediately (i.e. you don’t have to exit
the menu to apply the change to the screen).
• A right or left arrow on a menu option means that you can use
the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to make changes or to see more
information.
Menu options can be simplified or expanded by setting the User Mode to
Normal or Advanced. See Main Menu: User Mode for details.
• Press the EXIT key to move quickly to the top of the tab.
85
X-Press™ Menu, Main Menu
Note for all Menu Settings
Total Screen Update™ - When you change any menu settings that affect
the current view, the view will update immediately (i.e. you don’t have to
exit the menu to apply the change to the screen).
The settings in all menus are adjusted in the same way. Simply use the 4WAY Cursor Control key to highlight a menu option, and then change the
settings or activate the option (see Main Menu or X-Press™ Menu).
Below is an example of how the menu options are described in this manual.
Each description shows the menu option appearance, the available settings,
and the specific control head settings required (i.e. advanced user mode,
international only, view, navigation, or accesssory).
Quick Tips for the Main Menu
• From any menu option on a menu tab, press the EXIT key to jump
directly to the top of the tab.
• From the bottom of a menu tab, press the DOWN Cursor key to
jump directly to the top of the tab.
Menu Option Name
Setup User Mode
and other control
head requirements
• From the top of a menu tab, press the LEFT or RIGHT Cursor keys to
scroll to the next tab. You can also jump to the beginning or end of
the tab rotation by repeatedly pressing the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor
keys.
Available Menu
Settings
and Default
• If there is a down arrow at the bottom of a menu tab, press the
DOWN Cursor key to scroll to additional menu options.
Menu Option as it appears
on the screen
Setting Description
• If there is a right or left arrow on a menu option, press the RIGHT
or LEFT Cursor keys to make setting changes or see more
information.
• If you press MENU or EXIT to leave the Main Menu and then return
to the Main Menu at a later time, the menu will open to the same
tab as the last time the Main Menu was displayed.
Menu Quick Tips
86
User Mode (Normal or Advanced)
Menu options can be simplified or expanded by setting your Fishfinder User
Mode to Normal or Advanced.
Normal Mode is provided for users who want greater simplicity and fewer
menu choices.
Advanced Mode is provided for users who want the highest level of control
over the Fishfinder. Several menu settings are added to the Main Menu
when the User Mode is changed to Advanced. Advanced mode is the default
setting when you first power on your Humminbird® Fishfinder
To change the User Mode setting:
1. Press the MENU key twice to access the Main Menu.
2. Press the RIGHT Cursor key until the Setup tab is selected.
3. Press the DOWN Cursor key to highlight User Mode on the Setup
main menu.
4. Press the LEFT or RIGHT Cursor keys to change the User Mode
setting. (Normal, Advanced, Default = Advanced)
Sonar Tab, Normal Mode
NOTE: Any changes made while in Advanced Mode will remain in effect after
you switch back to Normal Mode.
For example, the Select Readouts menu option is available when the User
Mode is set to Advanced. If you change the Select Readouts settings while
operating in Advanced User mode, the Select Readouts you choose will
continue to display on the screen even if you switch back to Normal User Mode.
Sonar Tab, Advanced Mode
87
Menu Quick Tips
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
Active Side
(Combo Views only)
The Sonar X-Press™ Menu provides a
shortcut to your most frequently-used
settings. Press the MENU key once while in
any of the Sonar Views to access the Sonar
X-Press™ Menu.
Settings: Left, Right, Default = Left
Active Side allows you to select a side of the screen in Combo View. After
you choose an active side, you can apply menu settings and key commands
to the view you’ve selected. The Active Side menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
• A green arrow on the Combo View points to the active side.
• When a menu is displayed in the active side, the non-active side of
the screen will be grayed out.
NOTE: Quad Layout only appears in Side Beam
View when the optional-purchase QuadraBeam
PLUS™ transducer is attached and selected.
Split Position
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, Right,
Default = Various
Split Position sets the size of the left side of the Combo View. Each Combo
View can be set individually. The Split Position menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
• The number setting indicates the percentage taken up by the left side
of the Combo View.
• Selecting Left sets the left side of the screen to its smallest setting.
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
88
Sensitivity
Upper Range
Settings: Low = 1, High = 20; Default = 10
(Advanced: Sonar, Split Sonar and
Active Sonar Side Views only)
Sensitivity controls how much detail is shown on the display and will adjust
the sensitivity of all sonar frequencies.
Sensitivity at Low
Settings: 0 to 1490 or 0 to 497 meters
[International models only], Default = 0
Decrease the sensitivity to eliminate the
clutter from the display that is sometimes
present in murky or muddy water. If
Sensitivity is adjusted too low, the display
may not show many sonar returns that
could be fish.
Upper Range sets the shallowest depth range that will be displayed on the
Sonar, Split Sonar, and Active Sonar Side Views. Upper Range is often used
with Lower Range.
For example, if you are only interested in the area between 20 and 50 feet
deep, you should set the Upper Depth Range to 20 and the Lower Depth
Range to 50. The Sonar View will then show the 30 foot area between 20
and 50, and will not show the surface or the bottom (assuming the bottom
is deeper than 50 feet), and will show greater detail for that area between
20 and 50 feet.
When operating in very clear water or
greater depths, increase the sensitivity to
see weaker returns that may be of interest.
If the sensitivity is adjusted too high, the
display may become too cluttered.
Sensitivity at Medium
NOTE: A minimum distance of 10 feet will be maintained between the Upper and
Lower Range regardless of the manual settings entered.
NOTE: The Sensitivity setting is a global setting
and will adjust the sensitivity of all sonar
frequencies.
.
Sensitivity at High
89
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
Lower Range
Chart Speed
Settings: AUTO, 10 to 1500 ft, 3 to 500 m
[International Models only]; Default = AUTO
Settings: 1-10, where 1 = Slow, 10 = Fastest
Default = 5
Lower Range sets the deepest depth range that will be displayed by the unit.
Chart Speed determines the speed at which the sonar information moves
across the display, and consequently the amount of detail shown.
Auto: The Lower Range will be adjusted by the unit to follow the bottom
automatically. Auto is the default setting.
A faster speed shows more information and is preferred by most anglers;
however, the sonar information moves across the display quickly. A slower
speed keeps the information on the display longer, but the bottom and fish
details become compressed and may be difficult to interpret. Regardless of
the Chart Speed setting, the RTS Window™ will update at the maximum rate
possible for the depth conditions.
Manual: You can adjust the Lower Range to lock the unit on a particular
depth. M will be displayed in the lower right corner of the screen to
indicate the unit is in Manual mode. Adjust the Upper and Lower Range
together to view a specific depth range, especially when looking for fish or
bottom structure.
Quad Layout
For example, if you are fishing in 60 feet of water but are only interested in
the first 30 feet (surface to a depth of 30 feet) you should set the Lower
Depth Range limit to 30. The display will show the 0 to 30 foot range,
which allows you to see a more detailed view than you would see if the
display went all the way to the bottom.
(with optional-purchase QuadraBeam PLUS™
Transducer, Side Beam View only)
Settings: Default, Classic, Slanted, Default = Default
Quad Layout allows you to choose how sonar information is displayed in the
Side Beam View. The Side Beam View displays sonar data from the left and
right 455 kHz beams, as well as the 200 kHz down-looking beam. The sonar
data can be displayed in any of the following layouts by changing the Quad
Layout setting: Default, Classic, and Slanted. See Views: Side Beam View
for more information.
NOTE: A minimum distance of 10 feet will be maintained between the Upper and
Lower Range regardless of the settings entered manually.
NOTE: Quad Layout is only available when an optional-purchase QuadraBeam
PLUS™ transducer is attached and the Side Beam View is active (see Sonar
Menu Tab: Transducer Select).
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
90
Bottom Lock
Cancel Navigation
(Sonar Zoom View only)
(only when Navigating)
Settings: Off, On; Default = Off
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Bottom Lock changes the mode of the zoomed view in the Sonar Zoom
View. Bottom Lock continuously graphs the bottom at a constant point on
the display regardless of changes in depth. This “flattens“ out the bottom
contour but is effective at showing fish on or near the bottom.
Cancel Navigation discards the current route and exits Navigation Mode.
This menu option will only appear when you are currently navigating a route.
This will not delete a previously-saved route.
Bottom Range
(Sonar Zoom View only, when Bottom Lock is On)
Settings: 10 - 60 feet, 2-10 fathoms, or 3-20 meters
[International Models only], Default = 15 feet
Bottom Range allows you to control how much of the water column,
measured up from the bottom, is shown in the Sonar Zoom View. Choose a
small value to see low-lying bottom structure or details of the bottom return.
Choose a larger value to see large structure in deeper water.
NOTE: It is possible to set the Bottom Range to be greater than the depth. In this
case, you may see surface clutter in a wavy band that mirrors changes in the
depth.
91
Sonar X-Press™ Menu
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
Active Side
(Side Imaging® Views only [898c SI, 998c SI])
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, Right, Default = Left
The Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu provides
a shortcut to your most frequently-used
settings. Press the MENU key once while in
any of the Side Imaging® Views to access the
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu.
Active Side allows you to select a side of the screen in Combo View. After
you choose an active side, you can apply menu settings and key commands
to the view you’ve selected. The Active Side menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
• A green arrow on the Combo View points to the active side.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
• When a menu is displayed in the active side, the non-active side of
the screen will be grayed out.
Split Position
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, Right,
Default = Various
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
Split Position sets the size of the left side of the Combo View. Each Combo
View can be set individually. The Split Position menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
• The number setting indicates the percentage taken up by the left side
of the Combo View.
• Selecting Left sets the left side of the screen to its smallest setting.
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
92
SI Side
Whether you’re searching the Side Imaging® data for fish or certain bottom
contour, the most effective settings will vary with the situation. The display
will update as you adjust each category. SI Enhance can also be used during
Recording Playback (see Snapshot and Recording View).
Settings: Left, Both, Right, Default = Both
SI Side sets which transducer beam from the Side Imaging® beams will be
shown on the display.
SI Sensitivity
Settings: Auto, 1 to 20, where Low = 1,
High = 20, Default = 10
SI Enhance Submenu
SI Sensitivity controls how much detail is shown on the display.
Increase the SI Sensitivity to reveal weaker returns that may be of interest,
especially in very clear water or greater depths. A high SI Sensitivity setting
shows more sonar returns from small baitfish and suspended debris in the
water; however if the SI Sensitivity is adjusted too high, the display may
become too cluttered.
• Sensitivity - Controls how much detail is shown on the display.
When operating in very clear water or greater depths, increased
sensitivity shows weaker returns that may be of interest. Decreasing
the sensitivity eliminates the clutter from the display that
is sometimes present in murky or muddy water. (1 to 20, where
Low = 1, High = 20, Default = 10)
Decrease the SI Sensitivity to eliminate the clutter from the display that is
sometimes present in murky or muddy water. If SI Sensitivity is adjusted too
low, the display may not show many sonar returns that could be fish.
NOTE: The Sensitivity can be adjusted from the SI Enhance dialog box or the Side
Imaging® X-Press™ Menu. The Sensitivity setting is provided here so that you can
easily adjust the Side Imaging® data with the other settings. See Side Imaging®
X-Press™ Menu: SI Sensitivity for more information.
SI Enhance
• Contrast: Accents the light and dark parts of the Side Imaging® data
to provide greater definition. (1-20, Default = 10)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key.
• Sharpness: Filters the view and sharpens the edges of the Side
Imaging® data. (Low (L), Medium (M), High (H), Default = Off)
SI Enhance allows you to adjust your Side Imaging® View in three
categories: Sensitivity, Contrast, and Sharpness.
93
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
SI Range
SI Colors
Settings: 6 to 360 feet, or 2 to 120 meters
[International Models only], Default = 150 feet,
50 meters
Settings: Blue, Amber1, Amber2, Brown, Green,
Inverse, Gray, Green/Red, Default = Blue
SI Colors allows you to select which color palette you would like to use for
the Side Imaging® display.
SI Range sets the deepest range that will displayed in the Side Imaging®
views. The range must be set manually.
Choose a low range number to focus on a shorter distance of the water
column and see greater detail on the screen. Choose a higher range number
to view farther into the water and see an overview of details on the screen.
Chart Speed
Settings: 1- 10, where 1 = Slow, 10 Fastest,
Default = 5
Chart Speed determines the speed at which the side sonar information
moves down the display, and consequently the amount of detail shown. A
faster speed shows more information in the Side Imaging® Views and is
preferred by most anglers; however, the sonar information moves across the
display quickly. A slower speed keeps the information on the display longer,
which allows you to see an entire area.
Side Imaging® X-Press™ Menu
94
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
Active Side
(Down Imaging™ Views only [898c SI, 998c SI])
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, Right, Default = Left
The Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
provides a shortcut to your most frequentlyused settings. Press the MENU key once
while in any of the Down Imaging™ Views
to access the Down Imaging™ X-Press™
Menu.
Active Side allows you to select a side of the screen in Combo View. After
you choose an active side, you can apply menu settings and key commands
to the view you’ve selected. The Active Side menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
• A green arrow on the Combo View points to the active side.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
• When a menu is displayed in the active side, the non-active side of
the screen will be grayed out.
Split Position
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, Right,
Default = Various
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
Split Position sets the size of the left side of the Combo View. Each Combo
View can be set individually. The Split Position menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
• The number setting indicates the percentage taken up by the left
side of the Combo View.
• Selecting Left sets the left side of the screen to its smallest setting.
95
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
Down Sensitivity
Upper Range
Settings: Auto, 1 to 20, where Low = 1,
High = 20, Default = 10
(Advanced: Down Imaging™ Views only)
Settings: 0 to 1490 or 0 to 497 meters
[International models only], Default = 0
Down Sensitivity controls how much detail is shown on the display.
Upper Range sets the shallowest depth range that will be displayed on the
Down Imaging™ Views. Upper Range is often used with Lower Range.
Increase the Down Sensitivity to reveal weaker returns that may be of
interest, especially in very clear water or greater depths. A high Down
Imaging™ Sensitivity setting shows more sonar returns from small baitfish
and suspended debris in the water; however if the Down Imaging™
Sensitivity is adjusted too high, the display may become too cluttered.
For example, if you are only interested in the area between 20 and 50 feet
deep, you should set the Upper Depth Range to 20 and the Lower Depth
Range to 50. The Down Imaging™ View will then show the 30 foot area
between 20 and 50, and will not show the surface or the bottom (assuming
the bottom is deeper than 50 feet), and will show greater detail for that
area between 20 and 50 feet.
Decrease the Down Sensitivity to eliminate the clutter from the display that
is sometimes present in murky or muddy water. If Down Imaging™
Sensitivity is adjusted too low, the display may not show many sonar returns
that could be fish.
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
NOTE: A minimum distance of 10 feet will be maintained between the Upper and
Lower Range regardless of the manual settings entered.
96
Lower Range
Chart Speed
Settings: AUTO, 10 to 1500 ft, 3 to 500 m
[International Models only]; Default = AUTO
Settings: 1-10, where 1 = Slow, 10 = Fastest,
Default = 5
Lower Range sets the deepest depth range that will be displayed by the unit.
Chart Speed determines the speed at which the sonar information moves
across the display, and consequently the amount of detail shown.
Auto: The Lower Range will be adjusted by the unit to follow the bottom
automatically. Auto is the default setting.
A faster speed shows more information and is preferred by most anglers;
however, the sonar information moves across the display quickly. A slower
speed keeps the information on the display longer, but the bottom and fish
details become compressed and may be difficult to interpret.
Manual: You can adjust the Lower Range to lock the unit on a particular
depth. M will be displayed in the lower right corner of the screen to
indicate the unit is in Manual mode. Adjust the Upper and Lower Range
together to view a specific depth range, especially when looking for fish or
bottom structure.
SI Colors
Settings: Blue, Amber1, Amber2, Brown, Green,
Inverse, Gray, Green/Red, Default = Blue
For example, if you are fishing in 60 feet of water but are only interested in
the first 30 feet (surface to a depth of 30 feet) you should set the Lower
Depth Range limit to 30. The display will show the 0 to 30 foot range,
which allows you to see a more detailed view than you would see if the
display went all the way to the bottom.
SI Colors allows you to select which color palette you would like to use for
the Side Imaging® and Down Imaging™ display.
Cancel Navigation
(only when Navigating)
NOTE: A minimum distance of 10 feet will be maintained between the Upper and
Lower Range regardless of the settings entered manually.
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Cancel Navigation discards the current route and exits Navigation Mode.
This menu option will only appear when you are currently navigating a route.
This will not delete a previously-saved route.
97
Down Imaging™ X-Press™ Menu
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
Active Side
(Combo Views only)
The Navigation X-Press™ Menu provides a
shortcut to your most frequently-used
settings. Press the MENU key once while in
the Bird's Eye View, Chart Views, or Chart
Combo Views to access the Navigation
X-Press™ Menu.
Settings: Left, Right, Default = Left
Active Side allows you to select a side of the screen in Combo View. After
you choose an active side, you can apply menu settings and key commands
to the view you’ve selected. The Active Side menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
• A green arrow on the Combo View points to the active side.
NOTE: Menu choices will vary depending on
system settings, such as whether you are
currently navigating.
• When a menu is displayed in the active side, the non-active side of
the screen will be grayed out.
NOTE: To see the Navigation X-Press™ Menu in
a Combo View, change the Active Side setting
to the side you want to adjust.
Split Position
(Combo Views only)
Settings: Left, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, Right,
Default = Various
Split Position sets the size of the left side of the Combo View. Each Combo
View can be set individually. The Split Position menu option is only available
when a Combo View is on the screen (see Views: Combo Views).
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
• The number setting indicates the percentage taken up by the left side
of the Combo View.
• Selecting Left sets the left side of the screen to its smallest setting.
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
98
Waypoint [Name]
Cursor to Waypoint
(Only with an active cursor on a waypoint)
Settings: Edit, Delete, Target, Grid
(Chart or Combo View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Waypoint [Name] allows you to view the Waypoints submenu for the
waypoint under your cursor. You can move the cursor onto an existing
waypoint and press the MENU key once, or use Cursor to Waypoint to select
a waypoint from the saved waypoints list.
Cursor to Waypoint allows you to quickly move the cursor to any saved
waypoint so that you can locate it or edit it. This X-Press™ Menu option only
appears if you have saved waypoints.
NOTE: See Introduction to Navigation for more Waypoints information.
Save Current Track
The Waypoint Submenu contains the following menu options:
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Edit allows you to edit the Name, Position (Latitude and Longitude),
and select the Icon that will be used to represent the waypoint in the
Chart and Combo Views.
Save Current Track allows you to save the current track on the display. After
the current track is saved, a new current track is started. Save Current Track
appears on the Navigation X-Press™ Menu after navigation is stopped.
Delete allows you to delete a waypoint from the saved waypoints
list.
NOTE: To save the depth information with the current track, it is important to
save the track and also edit the name before powering off the control head.
Target allows you to apply a target to a waypoint selected from the
saved waypoints list.
Grid allows you to apply a trolling grid to a waypoint selected from
the saved waypoints list.
Clear Current Track
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Clear Current Track allows you to clear the current track on the display and
start a new track at the present position.
Waypoint Submenu
99
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
Save Current Route
Cancel MOB Navigation
(only when Navigating)
(only when MOB Navigation is activated)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Save Current Route allows you to save the current route being displayed.
This menu option will only appear when you are currently navigating a route.
Cancel MOB Navigation removes the Man Overboard (MOB) waypoint and
exits Man Overboard mode. This menu option will only appear when you are
currently navigating in Man Overboard mode.
Skip Next Waypoint
(only when Navigating)
Remove Target
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
(only if a Target is Active)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Skip Next Waypoint removes the next waypoint from the current route. This
menu option will only appear when you are currently navigating a route.
Remove Target removes the waypoint target from the display. This menu
option will only appear when a target has already been applied to a
waypoint.
Cancel Navigation
NOTE: See Introduction to Navigation: Add a Waypoint Target or Trolling Grid for
more information.
(only when Navigating)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Remove Grid
Cancel Navigation discards the current route and exits Navigation Mode.
This menu option will only appear when you are currently navigating a route.
This will not delete a previously-saved route.
(only if a Grid is Active)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Remove Grid removes the waypoint grid from the display. This menu option
will only appear when a grid has already been applied to a waypoint.
NOTE: See Introduction to Navigation: Add a Waypoint Target or Trolling
Grid for more information.
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
100
Waypoint [Name]
(Most recently-created waypoint)
Settings: Edit, Delete, Go To, Target, Grid
Waypoint [Name] allows you to view the waypoints submenu for the most
recently created waypoint. You must have pressed the MARK key at least once
since you last powered up the Fishfinder for this menu option to appear.
NOTE: See Introduction to Navigation for more information.
The Waypoint Submenu contains the following menu options:
Edit allows you to edit the Name, Position (Latitude and Longitude),
and select the Icon that will be used to represent the waypoint in the
Chart and Combo Views.
Delete allows you to delete a waypoint from the saved waypoints list.
Go To allows you to select a waypoint and start navigation toward
that waypoint, or add that waypoint to the end of the current route.
Target allows you to apply a target to a waypoint selected from the
saved waypoints list.
Grid allows you to apply a trolling grid to a waypoint selected from
the saved waypoints list.
101
Navigation X-Press™ Menu
Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu
Start Recording
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
(Snapshot and Recording View only)
The Snapshot and Recording X-Press™
Menu provides access to the snapshot
management and sonar recording functions.
Press the MENU key once while in the
Snapshot and Recording View to access the
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu.
Start Recording allows you to start sonar recording from the Snapshot and
Recording View. This menu option is only available when an optionalpurchase MMC/SD card is installed and Snapshot and Recording View is on
the screen.
Stop Recording
NOTE: For more information, see Views:
Snapshot and Recording View.
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Stop Recording allows you to stop sonar recording. This menu option is only
available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is installed and the
control head is actively recording.
Snapshot and Recording
X-Press™ Menu
Delete Image
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Delete Image allows you to delete a single screen capture image. This menu
option is only available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is
installed, Snapshot and Recording View is on the screen, and you have
selected an image thumbnail.
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu
102
Delete All Images
Pings Per Second
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: 1-10, AUTO, Default = AUTO
Pings Per Second allows you to specify the ping rate for an active sonar
recording.
Delete All Images allows you to delete all the images at once. This menu
option is only available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is
installed and Snapshot and Recording View is on the screen.
NOTE: Pings Per Second is available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card
is installed, Snapshot and Recording View is on the screen, and the control head
is actively recording (not playing back).
Delete Recording
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Auto is the default setting for Pings Per Second and automatically adjusts
the ping rate for best recording quality. If there is limited memory on your
MMC/SD card, you can slow the ping rate by setting the Pings Per Second
manually, but the recording will capture less sonar detail. For maximum
performance, keep the Pings Per Second setting on Auto.
Delete Recording allows you to delete a single sonar recording. This menu
option is only available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is
installed, Snapshot and Recording View is on the screen, and you have
selected a recording file.
Playback Speed
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Delete All Recordings
Settings: Record, Rewind1, Rewind2, Slow Play
Reverse, Pause, Slow Play, Normal Play, Fast
Forward1, Fast Forward2, Stop
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card, Snapshot and
Recording View only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Playback Speed allows you to specify the playback speed for a sonar
recording from the Snapshot and Recording View. This menu option is only
available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is installed and
Recording Playback is active.
Delete All Recordings allows you to delete all the recordings at once. This
menu option is only available when an optional-purchase MMC/SD card is
installed and Snapshot and Recording View is on the screen.
103
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu
Stop Playback
Playback Speed Icons:
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Card only)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Record
Rewind, Reverse
Slow Play
Normal Play
Rewind2
NOTE: During playback, the amount of time/memory left to play is indicated by
the status bar. For more information, see Views: Snapshot and Recording
View.
Fast Forward
Slow Play Reverse
Pause
Stop Playback allows you to stop playback of a sonar recording from any
view. This menu option is only available when an optional-purchase
MMC/SD card is installed and Recording Playback is active.
Fast Forward2
Stop
NOTE: You can also change playback speed in the Snapshot and Recording View
using the LEFT and RIGHT Cursor keys, although you cannot skip to the beginning or
end of a recording using these keys.
NOTE: Sonar chart speed is increased during Fast Forward and reversed during
Rewind. This may result in a reduced quality sonar image, since at higher speeds,
not every sonar return can be processed.
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu
104
Alarms Menu Tab
Depth Alarm
Settings: OFF, 1 to 100 feet, or 0.5 to 30 meters
[International Models only]; Default = OFF
From any view, press the MENU key twice to
access the Main Menu. The Alarms tab will
be the default selection.
Depth Alarm sounds when the depth becomes equal to or less than the
menu setting.
NOTE: When an alarm is triggered, you can
silence it by pressing any key. The alarm will be
silenced, and will not be triggered again until a
new instance of the alarm condition is detected.
Fish ID Alarm
Settings: Off, All, Large/Medium, Large; Default = Off
Fish ID Alarm sounds when the Fishfinder detects fish that correspond to
the alarm setting. Fish ID Alarm will only sound if Fish ID+™ is on. For
example, if you've set the Fish ID Alarm to sound for Large fish only, the Fish
ID alarm will sound when a large-sized fish is detected.
Alarms Menu
For example, if you've set the Fish ID Alarm to sound for Large fish only, the
Fish ID alarm will sound when a large-sized fish is detected.
Off
All
Large/Medium
Large
105
Alarms Menu Tab
Low Battery Alarm
Temp. Alarm
Settings: Off, 8.5V - 13.5V; Default = Off
Settings: Off, 33-120 Fahrenheit, 0-50 Celsius
[International Models only]; Default = Off
Low Battery Alarm sounds when the input battery voltage is equal to or less
than the menu setting. The battery alarm will only sound for the battery that
is connected to the Fishfinder. The Low Battery Alarm should be set to warn
you when the battery voltage drops below the safety margin that you have
determined.
Temp. Alarm sounds when the water temperature detected by the
Fishfinder reaches the Temp. Alarm setting, which is either set in degrees
Fahrenheit or Celsius [International Models only].
For example, if the Temp. Alarm is set to 58 degrees Fahrenheit, and the water
temperature falls from 60 degrees to 58 degrees, the Temp. Alarm will sound.
Similarly, if the water temperature rises from 56 degrees to 58 degrees, the
Temp. Alarm will also sound.
For example, if you are running a trolling motor (battery operated), you would
want to set the Low Battery Alarm to sound before the battery voltage drops
too low for it to be used to start your main, gasoline-powered engine.
Aux. Temp Alarm
Off Course Alarm
(with optional-purchase Temp. probe or
Temp/Speed only)
Settings: Off, 33-120 [Fahrenheit], 0-50 [Celsius],
Default = Off
Settings: Off, 25 to 3000 ft, 10 to 1000 m
[International Models only]; Default = 300 ft, 100 m
Off Course Alarm allows you to set how far the boat is allowed to move off
course before the Off Course Alarm will sound during navigation.
Aux Temp Alarm sounds when the water temperature from the
Paddlewheel/Temperature Probe detected by the Fishing System reaches the
Aux Temp Alarm setting, which is set in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius
[International Models only].
For example, if the Aux Temp Alarm is set to 58 degrees Fahrenheit, and the
water temperature falls from 60 degrees to 58 degrees, the Aux Temp Alarm
will sound. Similarly, if the water temperature rises from 56 degrees to 58
degrees, the Temp Alarm will also sound.
Alarms Menu Tab
106
Drift Alarm
Off Course Alarm
Settings; Off, 25 to 3000 ft, 10 to 1000 m
[International Models only]; Default = Off
Drift Alarm allows you to set the size of a perimeter around the boat’s
anchored position. If the anchored boat drifts outside of that perimeter, the
Drift Alarm will sound.
1
2
1 Arrival Alarm Circle
Off Course Limits 2
Arrival Alarm
Settings: Off, 25 to 3000 ft, 10 to 1000 m
[International Models only]; Default = 150 ft, 50 m
Arrival Alarm sounds when the boat has either exceeded the distance to the
destination waypoint, or has entered the Arrival Alarm Circle, based on the
menu setting when navigating. Arrival Alarm allows you to set how close the
boat must be to the destination waypoint before the Arrival Alarm will
sound.
Drift Alarm Circle
Alarm Tone
Settings: High, Medium, Low; Default = Medium
Alarm Tone selects the pitch of the alarm sound. A brief tone will be
produced as you adjust the Alarm Tone so that you can select the tone that
you can hear best.
107
Alarms Menu Tab
Sonar Menu Tab
Beam Select
Settings: 200/83 kHz, 200 kHz, 83 kHz, Default =
200 kHz
Press the MENU key twice to access the Main
Menu and then press the RIGHT Cursor key
until the Sonar tab is selected.
Beam Select sets which sonar returns from the transducer will be displayed
on the screen.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or simplified
by setting the User Mode to Advanced or Normal.
See Main Menu: User Mode for details.
When set to 200/83 kHz, the returns from both beams are blended. The Split
Sonar View continues to display the sonar returns from each beam in their
respective windows. The blended information is shown in the Sonar View.
The RTS® Window in the Sonar View will only show the returns from the
200 kHz narrow beam.
When set to 200 kHz, only the returns from the 200 kHz narrow beam will
be displayed in the Sonar View. The Split Sonar View will continue to display
returns from both beams in their respective windows. The RTS® Window in
the Sonar View will display the returns from the 200 kHz narrow beam.
When set to 83 kHz, the returns from the 83 kHz wide beam will be
displayed in the Sonar View. The Split Sonar View will continue to display
returns from both beams in their respective windows. The RTS® Window will
display the returns from the 83 kHz wide beam.
Sonar Menu (Advanced)
Sonar Menu Tab
108
Side View Frequency
SwitchFire™
(Side Imaging® and Down Imaging™ Views only
[898c SI, 998c SI]
Settings: Clear Mode, Max Mode; Default = Clear
Mode
Settings: 800 kHz or 455 kHz; Default = 455 kHz
SwitchFire™ controls how the sonar returns are displayed in the Sonar
Views.
Side View Frequency allows you to select which frequency to apply to the
Side Imaging® beams (800 kHz or 455 kHz).
Choose Max Mode to see only raw sonar returns on the display. When Max
Mode is selected, you will see the maximum sonar information available
within the transducer beam, so more fish arches and better jig tracking are
shown.
Surface Clutter
Settings: Low = 1 to High = 10; Default = 5
Surface Clutter adjusts the filter that removes surface clutter noise caused
by algae and aeration. The lower the setting, the less surface clutter will be
displayed.
Choose Clear Mode to see less clutter and more fish size accuracy on the
display. When Clear Mode is selected, the clutter is filtered, and sonar
returns are interpreted to provide more details about the objects within the
transducer beam, regardless of their location. In other words, a large arch on
the display means a large fish has been detected.
Surface Clutter
109
Sonar Menu Tab
Fish ID+™
Settings: Off, On; Default = Off
Fish ID+™ uses advanced signal processing to interpret sonar returns and
will display a Fish Symbol when very selective requirements are met. When
a fish is detected, a fish icon and its depth are displayed above the return
that has been classified as being a fish. Three different fish size icons
represent the intensity of the sonar return and provide an indicator of
relative fish size.
DualBeam PLUS™ sonar models represent targets detected in the 200 kHz
narrow beam as Orange Fish Symbols and targets detected in the 83 kHz
wide beam as Blue Fish Symbols.
Transducer Cone and Fish Arches
Fish ID Sensitivity
Settings: Low = 1, High = 10; Default = 5
200 kHz, narrow beam
orange fish symbols
Fish ID Sensitivity adjusts the threshold of the Fish ID+™ detection
algorithms. Selecting a higher setting allows weaker returns to be displayed
as fish. This is useful for identifying smaller fish species or baitfish. Selecting
a lower setting displays fewer fish from weak sonar returns. This is helpful
when seeking larger species of fish.
83 kHz, wide beam blue fish symbols
When Fish ID+™ is turned off, the Fishfinder shows only the raw sonar
returns on the display. These returns will often result in “arches“ forming on
the display, indicating potential targets. Due to the transducer beam angle,
the distance to a fish decreases as the fish moves into the beam, and then
increases as it moves out again, creating a Fish Arch when this distance
change is shown on the display. Boat speed, chart speed, and the position
of the fish within the sonar beam greatly affect the shape of the arch.
Sonar Menu Tab
Fish ID Sensitivity is used in conjunction with Fish ID+™. Fish ID+™ must be
On for Fish ID Sensitivity to affect the ability of the Fishfinder to identify
sonar returns as fish.
110
Real Time Sonar (RTS™) Window
Sonar Colors
Settings: Wide, Narrow, Off; Default = Narrow
Settings: Gray, Green, Inverse, Original Palette,
Palette 1, Palette 2, Palette 3; Default = Original
RTS Window™ sets the RTS Window™ to Wide or Narrow, or turns it off in
the Sonar View. The RTS Window™ always updates at the fastest rate
possible and only displays returns that are within the transducer beam. See
What’s on the Sonar Display for more information.
Sonar Colors allows you to select which color palette you would like to use
for the display.
• Gray
• Green
NOTE: The Wide RTS Window™ does not use
grayscale.
• Inverse: where white = strong returns and black = weak returns
• Original Palette: Original Humminbird® colors, which span Red to
Cyan
• Palette 1: Yellow to Purple
• Palette 2: Yellow to Navy Blue
RTS® Window (Wide)
• Palette 3: Red to Navy Blue
Bottom View
Settings: Structure ID, WhiteLine; Default =
Structure ID
RTS® Window (Narrow)
Bottom View selects the method used to represent bottom and structure on
the display. See What’s on the Sonar Display: Sonar Bottom Presentation
for more information.
RTS® Window (Off)
111
Sonar Menu Tab
Zoom Width
455 kHz Sensitivity
(Sonar Zoom View only)
Settings: Narrow, Medium, Wide; Default = Wide
(Advanced, with optional purchase QuadraBeam
PLUS™ transducer)
Settings: -10 to +10, Default = 0
Zoom Width adjusts the width of the zoomed view on the Sonar Zoom View,
which is on the left side of the display. See Views: Sonar Zoom View for
more information.
455 kHz Sensitivity adjusts the sensitivity of the 455 kHz beam. Increase the
sensitivity to display additional weak returns and decrease the sensitivity to
display fewer weak returns.
83 kHz Sensitivity
NOTE: 455 kHz Sensitivity is particularly useful for adjusting the sensitivity
of the 455 kHz sonar returns in the Side Beam View. The 455 kHz sensitivity
can be adjusted without affecting the sensitivity of the 200 kHz returns
shown in the 200 kHz sonar window.
(Advanced)
Settings: -10 to +10, Default = 0
83 kHz Sensitivity changes the sensitivity of the 83 kHz beam. Increasing
the 83 kHz Sensitivity will display additional weak returns, and decreasing
the 83 kHz Sensitivity will display fewer weak returns.
A QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer must be attached to the Fishing System.
The 455 kHz Sensitivity menu option is available when Transducer Select is
set to QuadraBeam (see Sonar Menu Tab: Transducer Select) and User
Mode is set to Advanced (see Setup Menu Tab: User Mode).
NOTE: 83 kHz Sensitivity is particularly useful for adjusting the sensitivity of the
83 kHz sonar returns in the 200/83kHz Split Sonar View. The 83kHz sensitivity can
be adjusted without affecting the sensitivity of the 200 kHz returns shown in the
200 kHz sonar window.
Sonar Menu Tab
NOTE: Visit our web site at humminbird.com to order this accessory online or
contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
112
Depth Lines
Noise Filter
(Advanced)
(Advanced)
Settings: Off, Low, Medium, High1, High2, High3;
Default = Low
Settings: Off, On; Default = On
Depth Lines divide the display into four equal sections which are separated
by three horizontal depth lines. The depth of each line is displayed along the
depth scale. You can turn Depth Lines On or Off.
Noise Filter adjusts the sonar Noise Filter to limit interference on the display
from sources such as your boat engine, turbulence, or other sonar devices.
The Off setting removes all filtering. Low, Medium, and High1, High2, High3
settings add progressive filtering of the sonar returns. High1, High2, and
High3 are useful when there is excessive trolling motor noise, but in some
deep water situations, the High settings may actually hinder your unit’s
ability to find the bottom.
Depth Lines
113
Sonar Menu Tab
Max Depth
Water Type
(Advanced)
(Advanced)
Settings: AUTO, 10 to 1500 feet; 3 to 500 meters
[International models only], Default = AUTO
Settings: Fresh, Salt (shallow), Salt (deep);
Default = Fresh
Max Depth controls the maximum depth of operation. When Max Depth is
set to Auto, the Fishfinder will acquire bottom readings as needed (within
the capacity of the unit). When Max Depth is set to match your fishing
maximum depth, your Fishfinder will not attempt to acquire sonar data
below that depth, so more detail will be shown on the screen.
Water Type configures your unit for operation in fresh or salt water. In salt
water, you can also choose the shallow or deep setting.
Water Type affects the accuracy of deep water depth readings. In salt water,
what would be considered a large fish might be 2 to 10 times bigger than a
large fish in fresh water (depending on the type of fish you are seeking). The
salt water setting allows for a greater range in fish size adjustment to
account for this difference.
NOTE: If the bottom is deeper than the Max Depth setting, the digital depth
readout will flash, indicating that the Fishfinder cannot locate the bottom.
Max Depth controls the down beam reading. The SI Range (Side Imaging®
Range) controls the side beams and down beam reading at the same time.
If SI Range is set to a deeper range than the Max Depth setting, your
898c SI Combo or 998c SI Combo will default to the SI Range setting. For
example, if you set the Max Depth to 50 feet and then set the SI Range to
150 feet, your unit will acquire bottom readings from 150 feet (see Side
Imaging® X-Press™ Menu: SI Range).
Sonar Menu Tab
Transducer Select
Settings: Various
Transducer Select allows you to select which transducer you want to use.
The transducer setting must correspond to the transducer type connected to
your system.
114
Color Bar
Down Imaging Beam Width
Settings: Off, On, Default = On
(Advanced)
Settings: Narrow, Medium, Wide; Default = Wide
Color Bar allows you to display or suppress the display of the color bar
shown in the full screen Sonar View.
Down Imaging Beam Width controls the width of the beam (side to side)
for the Down Imaging™ View and sets the amount of information shown on
the display.
Temperature Graph
(Sonar View only, with Temperature input)
To see only the data directly under your boat, select Narrow. Medium reveals
more information, while Wide displays the maximum information available
from the Down Imaging™ beam width.
Settings: Off, On, Default = On
Temperature Graph allows you to display or suppress a water temperature
graph over the main Sonar View to show temperature changes correlated to
recent sonar history.
115
Sonar Menu Tab
Navigation Menu Tab
Current Track
Settings: Save, Clear, Appearance
Press the MENU key twice to access the
Main Menu, then press the RIGHT Cursor
key until the Navigation tab is selected.
Current Track allows you to view the Current Track submenu. See
Introduction to Navigation: Save or Clear a Current Track for more
information.
NOTE: Menu options will vary depending on
system settings, such as whether you are
currently navigating.
The Current Track Submenu contains the following menu options:
Save allows you to save the current track.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
Clear allows you to delete the current track.
Appearance allows you to change the style and color of the current
track. (Breadcrumb Trail, Dashed Line, Solid Line or Wide Line, and if
a line, the color of the line, or Color By Depth.
If you choose Color By Depth, you cannot choose one color to
represent the track; a color range will represent the different depths
on the track instead, from light green (shallowest) to black (deepest).
You can change the depth range associated with black by using
Track Color Range menu setting (see Navigation Menu Tab: Track
Color Range).
NOTE: To save the depth information with the Current Track, it is important to
save the track and also edit the name before powering off the control head.
(Navigation Menu)
Navigation Menu Tab
116
Saved Tracks
The Waypoints Submenu contains the following menu options:
Create allows you to create a new waypoint, name it, and edit it
immediately. The current boat position will be used as the default,
but you can set the coordinates to any valid position. The icon used
to represent the waypoint in the Chart and Combo Views can also be
changed.
Settings: Edit, Delete, Default
Saved Tracks allows you view the Saved Tracks submenu. See Introduction
to Navigation: Edit, Delete, or Hide Saved Tracks for more information.
The Saved Tracks Submenu contains the following menu options:
Edit allows you to choose from the saved waypoints list, and then
edit the Name and Position (Latitude and Longitude), as well as
assign an Icon to represent the waypoint in the Chart and Combo
Views.
Edit allows you to select a saved track and change its Name, Visibility
(hidden or visible), Style, and Color (for track line styles only).
Delete allows you to delete a track from the saved tracks list.
Delete allows you to delete a waypoint from the saved waypoints list.
Default sets the default appearance of your tracks, including Visibility
(hidden or visible), Style, and Color (for track line styles only).
Cursor To allows you to move the cursor quickly to a waypoint from
the saved waypoints list.
Waypoints
Go To allows you to select a waypoint and start navigation toward
that waypoint or add that waypoint to the end of the current route.
Settings: Create, Edit, Delete, Cursor To,
Go To, Target, Grid
Target allows you to apply a target to a waypoint selected from the
saved waypoints list.
Grid allows you to apply a trolling grid to a waypoint selected from
the saved waypoints list.
NOTE: Only one waypoint can have either a target or a grid applied to it at
one time. If you apply a target or a grid to a new waypoint, the original
waypoint will lose its target or grid.
Waypoints allows you to view the Waypoints submenu. See Introduction to
Navigation for more information.
NOTE: The spacing of the rings on the waypoint target and the spacing of the
gridlines on the trolling grid is the same as the length of the scale bar on the
left edge of the display. Zooming in or out will decrease or increase the
spacing, respectively.
117
Navigation Menu Tab
Routes
Chart Orientation
Settings: Create, Edit, Delete, Travel, Info
Settings: North-Up, Course-Up; Default = North-Up
Chart Orientation allows you to select whether the Chart and Combo Views
should be drawn North-Up or Course-Up. The Chart Orientation setting does
not apply to the Bird’s Eye View (see Viewing Cartography).
Routes allows you to view the Routes submenu. See Introduction to
Navigation: Save, Edit, or Delete a Route for more information.
North Reference
Settings: True, Magnetic; Default = True
The Routes Submenu contains the following menu options:
Create allows you to create a new route from an empty route, name
it, and add saved waypoints to it immediately. You can also change
the waypoint order of the route from this menu.
North Reference allows you to have bearings displayed with one of two
orientations: True North or Magnetic North.
Edit allows you to select a saved route and change its name and the
waypoints in it.
Waypoint Decluttering
(Advanced)
Settings: On, Off; Default = On
Delete allows you to delete a route from the saved routes list.
Travel allows you to choose a route from the saved routes list and
use it as your current route. Routes can be traveled in either the
forward or reverse direction. When you select a route, navigation
begins immediately.
Waypoint Decluttering allows you to set the declutter feature On or Off.
When two or more waypoints overlap, or are displayed close together on a
chart view, the screen will automatically declutter—waypoint names will
shorten and the waypoint icons will change into small blue icons. Select Off
to to display waypoints at regular size.
Info provides information about the route you choose from the saved
routes list, including the distance and bearing from each waypoint to
the next.
Navigation Menu Tab
118
Trolling Grid Rotation
Track Min Distance
Settings: 0° to 89°, Default = 0°
(Advanced)
Settings: 1 to 300 ft, or 1 to 100 m
[International Units only]; Default = 16 ft, 5 m
Trolling Grid Rotation allows you to set the orientation of the trolling grid in
degrees, where a setting of 0° displays a standard North, South, East, West
alignment. See Introduction to Navigation: Add a Waypoint Target or
Trolling Grid for information.
Track Min Distance allows you to set a minimum distance of travel before a
trackpoint is added to the track.
Track Min Distance works in conjunction with Trackpoint Interval. Both
conditions must be met before a trackpoint is added to the current track.
During slow travel or drift, setting both Trackpoint Interval and Track Min
Distance to small values will allow you to increase the track resolution.
NOTE: This feature may appear as either Trolling Grid Rotation or Grid Rotation,
depending on your model.
Trackpoint Interval
Settings: 1 second, 5 seconds, 10 seconds,
15 seconds, 30 seconds, or 60 seconds;
Default = 1 second
Track Color Range
Settings: 50 to 3000* feet or 20 to 1000 meters
[International Units only], Default = 50 ft, 20 m
Trackpoint Interval allows you to select the time period between
trackpoints. The current track can only contain up to 20,000 trackpoints, so
longer time periods cause the track to extend back further in time, but will
be less detailed.
Track Color Range allows you to set the depth range that will be displayed
as black, the deepest depth, when Color By Depth is selected as the style for
the current track (see Navigation Menu Tab: Current Track).
Trackpoint Interval works in conjunction with Track Min Distance. Both
conditions must be met before a trackpoint is added to the current track.
During slow travel or drift, setting both Trackpoint Interval and Track Min
Distance to small values will allow you to increase the track resolution.
*NOTE: Only an optional-purchase transducer with a 50 kHz frequency will allow
you to track to 3000 feet.
119
Navigation Menu Tab
Map Datum
Delete All Nav Data
(Advanced)
Settings: Various, Default = WGS 84
(Advanced)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
Map Datum allows you to change the map coordinate system used by the
Fishfinder to match those of a paper map.
This menu option should be used with caution!
Delete All Nav Data allows you to delete all saved Tracks, Waypoints, and
Routes.
Course Projection Line
Settings: Hidden, Visible; Default = Visible
Course Projection Line allows you to display or hide an arrow extending
from the bow of the boat that projects your current course, and shows where
the boat will go if you continue on your present course.
Continuous Navigation Mode
Settings: Off, On, Default = Off
Continuous Navigation Mode allows you to continue to navigate and fish
around a particular waypoint, even if you pass over it multiple times.
3D View Outline
Settings: Hidden, Visible, Default = Visible
GPS Receiver Override
3D View Outline allows you to display or hide an outline on the Chart side
of either Chart or Bird's Eye Combo Views that shows what you're viewing
on the Bird's Eye side of the view.
(Advanced)
Settings: Internal, External, Auto; Default = Auto
GPS Receiver Override allows you to set which GPS receiver to use if you
have multiple GPS receivers plugged into the system. These multiple GPS
receivers may be internal, external, or connected via the InterLink™. If you
select Auto, your unit will select a GPS receiver automatically.
Export All Nav Data
(Advanced)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions.
NOTE: If only one GPS receiver is plugged into your system, then Auto will be the only
option shown.
Export All Nav Data allows you to export all saved Tracks, Waypoints, and
Routes to an MMC/SD card. If an MMC card isn’t installed, an error
message will be displayed. Insert the MMC card and try again. See MultiMedia Card (MMC)/SD Slots for more information.
Navigation Menu Tab
120
Chart Menu Tab
Lat/Lon Grid
Settings: Hidden, Visible, Default = Hidden
Press the MENU key twice to access the
Main Menu and then press the RIGHT Cursor
key until the Chart tab is selected.
Lat/Lon Grid allows you to display or hide a grid showing latitude and
longitude lines.
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
Navaids on Bird’s Eye View
Settings: Hidden, Visible, Default = Visible
Navaids on Bird's Eye View allows you to display or hide additional
navigational aids in Bird’s Eye View, such as lights and buoys.
NOTE: When a map from an optional
purchase MMC/SD card is installed, the
Chart Menu Tab will change to display
menu options that correspond with the
active chart. To manually select a chart
card, see Chart Select. Also, see Add
Maps to the Fishing System for more
information.
NOTE: You will see more navigational aids with an optional-purchase MMC/SD
card.
Chart Select
Settings: Auto, Contour XD, Left Chart Card,
Right Chart Card; Default = Auto
Chart Select allows you to choose which chart to use if you have built-in
charts or a map card. If you select Auto, your unit will select a chart
automatically. Select Right to use the MMC/SD card installed in the right
card slot, and select Left to use the MMC/SD card installed in the left card
slot (see Multi-Media Card (MMC)/SD Slots: Add Maps to Your Fishing
System).
NOTE: The MMC/SD Cards require a separate purchase. For more information,
visit our web site at humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center
at 1-800-633-1468.
Chart Menu
(shown with optional Navionics®
and LakeMaster® menu options)
121
Chart Menu Tab
z
Set Simulation Position
Clear Map Offset
(Advanced)
(Advanced)
Settings: Follow screen instructions to activate.
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions to activate.
Clear Map Offset allows you to clear the Map Offset. The Clear Map Offset
menu option is available when Map Offset is active.
Set Simulation Position allows you to set the position of the boat used in
the Simulator. Press any arrow on the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to activate
the cursor and move it to the coordinates where you want start the
simulation. Then confirm the position using the Set Simulation menu setting.
Shaded Depth
Settings: Off, 1 to 180 Feet, or 1 to 60 Meters
[International Units only], Default = 15 ft, 5 m
NOTE: The cursor must be active in order for this procedure to work. If the cursor
was not active before you began this procedure, an error message will appear.
Exit the menu, set the cursor, then try again.
Shaded Depth allows you to change the depth used for shading on the
Chart Views.
Set Map Offset
(Advanced)
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions to activate.
Set Map Offset allows you to change the map offset used by your Fishfinder.
Press the 4-WAY Cursor Control key to activate the cursor and move it to the
location where the Map Offset will be applied. Then, confirm the map offset
position using the Set Map Offset menu setting.
The Map Offset will be applied to all maps and not just the map that requires
the correction. The Map Offset should be cleared if a different map is to be used.
NOTE: The cursor must be active in order for this procedure to work. If the cursor
was not active before you began this procedure, an error message will appear.
Exit the menu, set the cursor, then try again.
Chart Menu Tab
122
Chart Detail Level
Map Borders, shown with
Optional-Purchase Navionics® Cartography
(optional-purchase Navionics® charts only)
Settings: Basic, Navigation, Underwater, All;
Default = All
Chart Detail Level allows you to select how much chart detail you want
displayed on the Navigation Views.
NOTE: Some chart details are only available with optional-purchase MMC/SD
cards.
Basic shows land areas, ports, obstructions, and restricted areas.
Navigation shows navaids, landmarks, ferryways, and navigation
routes in addition to the Basic information.
Underwater shows depth contours, fishing areas, underwater
wrecks, tides and currents in addition to the Basic and Navigation
information.
Map Borders
All shows roads, buildings, railways, and other notations in addition
to the Basic, Navigation, and Underwater information.
Spot Soundings
(optional-purchase Navionics® charts only)
Settings: Hidden, Visible, Default = Hidden
Spot Soundings allows you to display or hide spot soundings, which are
depth measurements shown on the chart.
Map Borders
Settings: Hidden, MMC/SD Only, All Visible;
Default = MMC/SD Only
NOTE: Spot Soundings are only available with optional-purchase MMC/SD cards.
Map Borders allows you to display or hide map borders. The dotted lines of
a Map Border indicate an area which contains a different map. Use the
4-WAY Cursor key to move the active cursor within a map border, and press
the ZOOM + key to view the different map.
123
Chart Menu Tab
NVB Chart Preference
Depth Highlight Range (+/-)
Default = Auto
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
Settings: 0 - 60 ft, 0 - 30 fathoms, 0 - 20 m
(International Models only); Default = 5 ft, 2m
NVB Chart Preference allows you to select a built-in chart if you have an
NVB unit. If you select Auto, your NVB unit will select a chart automatically.
Depth Highlight Range adjusts the range on each side of the highlighted
depth, when a Depth Highlight is active in the chart views.
Contour Lines
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
For example, if you know a certain fish is holding at 18 - 20 feet, you can
set the Depth Highlight at 19 feet, and the Depth Highlight Range a +/- 1
foot. The view will show a green band from 18 - 20 feet.
Settings: Hidden, Visible; Default = Visible
Contour Lines sets whether the water contour lines are visible or hidden in the
Chart Views. Contour Lines are also affected by the Water Level Offset setting.
Water Level Offset
Depth Colors
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
Settings: -30 to +30 ft, -5 to +5 fathoms,
-10 to +10 m (International Models only);
Default = 0
Settings: Off, 1-10; Default = Off
Depth Color sets the depth shading in the Chart views to Off or Shaded.
Water Level Offset allows you to change the level of the water being read
from the control head. The displayed numbers on the Contour Lines will
adjust from the Water Level Offset setting, and the water level offset will be
highlighted in dark brown.
Depth Highlight
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
Settings: Off, 1 - 180 ft, 1 - 30 fathoms, 1 - 60 m
(International Models only); Default = Off
For example, if the lake is down 5 feet, set the Water Level Offset
setting to -5.
Depth Highlight allows you to highlight a
depth setting in the chart views. The depth you set will be highlighted in
green. Use Depth Highlight with Depth Highlight Range.
Chart Menu Tab
124
Shallow Water Highlight
Chart View with LakeMaster®
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
Settings: 0 - 30 ft, 0 - 5 fathoms, 0 - 10 m
(International Models only); Default = 0
3
1
Shallow Water Highlight allows you to select a minimum shallow depth
setting so that the depth is highlighted in red in the Chart Views.
2
4
For example, if your boat has a draft of 3 feet, set the Shallow Water
Highlight feature to 3 feet, and the unit will draw a red band from 0 - 3 feet.
Use this setting with Water Level Offset.
Lake List
(optional-purchase LakeMaster® charts only)
1 Water Level Offset
2 Depth Highlight
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Contour Lines 3
Shallow Water Highlight 4
Lake List allows you to view the list of lakes included on the installed
MMC/SD card.
Sort By: Highlight Sort By, and use the RIGHT or LEFT Cursor keys to
select a sort option for the list.
Scroll: Use the UP or DOWN Cursor keys to scroll through the list. As
each lake is highlighted, you can view information about the lake in
the white box displayed on the screen.
Cursor To: Highlight a lake on the list and press the RIGHT Cursor key
to move the active cursor to the location you’ve chosen. You can then
mark waypoints, or press the GO TO key to start navigation toward a
waypoint, or press the INFO key for more information.
125
Chart Menu Tab
Setup Menu Tab
Units - Depth
Settings: Domestic Models: Feet, Fathoms;
International Models: Meters; Default = Feet/Meters
From any view, press the MENU key twice to
access the tabbed Main Menu, then press
the RIGHT Cursor key until the Setup tab is
selected.
Units - Depth selects the units of measure for all depth-related readouts.
Units - Temp
NOTE: Menu options will vary depending on
which accessories are attached to the unit.
(International only)
Settings: Celsius, Fahrenheit; Default = Celsius
NOTE: Menu options can be expanded or
simplified by setting the User Mode to
Advanced or Normal. See Main Menu: User
Mode for details.
Units - Temp selects the units of measure for all temperature-related
readouts. International Models only.
Units - Distance
(with Speed input only)
Settings: Domestic Models: Statute Miles, Nautical
Miles, Default = Statute Miles; International
Models: Meters/Kilometers, Meters/Nautical
Miles, Feet/Statute Miles, Feet/Nautical Miles,
Default = Meters/Kilometers
Units - Distance selects the units of measure for all distance-related
readouts, and will appear in the menu if a Temp/Speed Accessory is
connected and the paddlewheel has moved at least once, or if the GPS
Receiver is connected.
Setup Menu
Setup Menu Tab
126
Units - Speed
Triplog Reset
(with Speed input only)
(with Speed input only)
Settings: Domestic Models: mph, kts; International
Models: kph; Default = mph/kph
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions to activate.
Units - Speed selects the units of measure for speed-related readouts, and
will appear in the menu if a Temp/Speed Accessory is connected and the
paddlewheel has moved at least once, or if the GPS Receiver is connected.
Triplog Reset resets the Triplog to zero. The Triplog provides the following
information: timer for elapsed time, distance traveled since last reset, and
average speed.
User Mode
Restore Defaults
Settings: Normal, Advanced; Default = Advanced
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key and follow
screen instructions to activate.
User Mode sets the menu system to Normal or Advanced. When set to
Normal, the basic set of menu options are shown in the menu system. When
set to Advanced (default setting), additional menu options are added to the
menu system. See Main Menu: User Mode for details.
Use this menu choice with caution!
Restore Defaults resets ALL menu settings to their factory defaults.
Language
(International only)
Settings: Various, Default = English
Language selects the display language for menus. International Models
only.
127
Setup Menu Tab
Select Readouts
Chart Views: Readouts 1, 3, and 4 can be customized. Readout 2 (Heading)
and Readout 5 (Speed) are fixed and cannot be customized.
(Advanced)
During navigation: Readout 1 can be customized, and Readouts 2 - 5 are
fixed as follows: Readout 2 (Heading), Readout 3 (Bearing), Readout 4 (Split:
Cross Track Error (XTE) and Distance To Go (DTG)), and Readout 5 (Split: Time
To Go (TTG) and Speed).
Settings: Various, Default = Off
Select Readouts sets the information to display in each of the 5 fixedposition data windows arranged around the left and bottom edges of the
Sonar View screen. To leave the data window blank, select Off. See Views
to change the Select Readouts.
Bird’s Eye View: Readout 1 - 4 are fixed as follows: Depth, Heading, Position
(Lat/Lon), and Speed.
Data windows can display readouts from supported
accessories such as GPS Receiver or Temp/Speed.
Each data window can be empty or contain one of the
following information categories:
During navigation: There are two columns of fixed readouts. The first column
shows Depth, Time To Go (TTG), Position (Lat/Lon), and Speed. The second
column shows Cross Track Error (XTE), Heading, Bearing, and Distance To Go
(DTG).
• Course
• Time
• Depth
• Time + Date
• Off
• Triplog
• Position
• Voltage
• Aux. Temperature
• Temperature
1
• Speed
• Water Speed
2
NOTE: The availability of the digital readout information corresponds with the
view selected, the accessory attached, and whether or not you are navigating.
Sonar View
Select Readouts
3
Sonar, Side Imaging®, and Down Imaging™ Views: All 5 readouts can be
customized.
During navigation: Readout 1 can be customized, and Readouts 2 - 5 are
fixed as follows: Readout 2 (Heading), Readout 3 (Bearing), Readout 4 (Split:
Cross Track Error (XTE) and Distance To Go (DTG)), and Readout 5 (Split: Time
To Go (TTG) and Speed).
Setup Menu Tab
4
5
1 Readout 1
2 Readaout 2
128
3 Readout 3
4 Readout 4
5 Readout 5
Depth Offset
Speed Calibration
(Advanced)
(Advanced, with Speed paddlewheel only)
Settings:-10.0 to +10.0 feet or -3 to 3 meters
[International models only], Default = 0.0, or Off
Settings: -20% to +20%, Default = 0%
Speed Calibration will adjust the speed readout by the percentage entered,
and will appear in the menu if a Speed accessory is connected and the
paddlewheel has moved at least once.
Depth Offset will adjust the digital depth readout to indicate depth from the
waterline or boats keel. Enter a positive vertical measurement from the
transducer to the waterline to read the depth from the waterline. Enter a
negative vertical measurement from the transducer to keel to read the depth
from the keel.
Local Time Zone
(Advanced)
Settings: Various; Default = EST [UTC-5] - Eastern
Standard Time
Aux. Temp Offset
(Advanced)
Local Time Zone selects your time zone in reference to the time reported by
the GPS receiver when Time+Date is selected as a Digital Readout on the
Sonar View (see Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts).
Settings: -10.0 to +10.0 degrees, Default = 0
Aux Temp Offset will adjust the aux temperature readout (the temperature
on the optional-purchase temperature probe or Temp/Speed accessory) by
the amount entered.
Daylight Saving Time
(Advanced)
Temp. Offset
Settings: Off, On; Default = Off
(Advanced)
Daylight Saving Time adjusts the time display to account for local Daylight
Saving Time when Time+Date is selected as a Digital Readout on the Sonar
View (see Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts).
Settings: -10.0 to +10.0 degrees, Default = 0, or Off
Temp Offset will adjust the temperature readout by the amount entered.
Selecting On adds one hour to the time display adjusted for your local time
zone. Selecting Off leaves the time display as adjusted for your local time
zone.
129
Setup Menu Tab
Position Format
Digits Format
(Advanced)
(Advanced)
Settings: dd.ddddd°, dd°mm.mmm', or
dd°mm'ss"; Default = dd°mm.mmm'
Settings: Small tenths, Large tenths, No tenths,
Default = Small tenths
Position Format selects the format of the latitude and longitude position
display.
Digits Format adds a tenth decimal place to readouts such as Temperature and
Depth. The format can be changed to small format, large format or no format.
Time Format
NMEA Output
(Advanced, International only)
(Advanced)
Settings: 12 hour, 24 hour; Default = 12 hour
Settings: Off, On; Default = Off
Time Format changes the time format used by the unit. Time Format selects
a 12 hour or 24 hour format for the time of day displayed when Time + Date
is selected as a Digital Readout on the Sonar View (see Setup Menu Tab:
Select Readouts).
NMEA Output turns the NMEA* output on or off. NMEA Output should be
turned On if you connect the NMEA Output wires of the GPS Receiver cable
to another NMEA-compatible device, such as an autopilot.
*NMEA 0183 is a National Marine Electronics Association standard for data
communication.
Date Format
The following NMEA sentences are output:
(Advanced, International only)
DPT - Depth
MTW - Water Temperature
GLL - Lat/Lon Position
GGA - GPS Fix Data
RMC - Recommended Minimum Specific GNSS Data
VTG - Course Over Ground and Ground Speed
ZDA - Time and Date
Settings: mm/dd/yy, dd.mm.yy, yy.mm.dd;
Default = mm/dd/yy
Date Format changes the date format used by the unit. Date Format selects
the format for the date display when Time + Date is selected as a Digital
Readout on the Sonar View (see Setup Menu Tab: Select Readouts).
Setup Menu Tab
130
When navigating, the following NMEA sentences are also output:
Sound Control
APB - Autopilot Sentence B
BWR - Bearing and Distance to Waypoint
RMB - Recommended Minimum Navigation Info
Settings: No Sounds, Alarms Only, All Sounds;
Default = All Sounds
Sound Control allows you to set when the control head will beep or sound
because of key presses and/or alarms.
Sonar
Video Out
Settings: Off, On, Default = On
Settings: Domestic Models: NTSC, Off;
International Models: NTSC, PAL, PAL M, Off;
Default = Off
Sonar deactivates Sonar and removes the Sonar Views from the view
rotation.
Video Out allows you to set the video format that will be sent to your remote
monitor.
Demonstration
Settings: Off, Visible; Default = Visible
Demonstration controls whether the Demonstration Mode is visible or off.
The Demonstration Mode appears on the screen if you don’t press any keys
during the warning screen at power up. Menu settings cannot be saved in
Demonstration (see Power On the Control Head and Start-Up Options
Menu).
131
Setup Menu Tab
Views Menu Tab
Accessories Menu Tab
From any view, press the MENU key twice to
access the tabbed Main Menu, then press the
RIGHT Cursor key until the Views tab is
selected.
From any view, press the MENU key twice to access the Main Menu, then press
the RIGHT cursor key until the Accessories tab is selected.
Screen Snapshot will always appear under the Accessories tab. If you attach
additional accessories to the control head, the menu choices that support
the accessory will be added automatically. See the Operations Manual that
comes with your accessory for detailed information.
This menu tab allows you to set the available
views to hidden or visible in the view rotation.
The view will be removed from the view
rotation if it is set to Hidden and will be
displayed in the view rotation if it is set to
Visible.
Views Menu
Accessories Menu
(no accessories attached)
NOTE: See Views for more information.
The down arrow indicates more
menu options. Press the DOWN
Cursor key to scroll through the
full menu list.
Accessories Menu
(with accessories attached)
NOTE: Accessories to enable WeatherSense® , SmartCast® WSL, AIS, and XM
WX® Weather require separate purchases. Visit our web site at
humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468
for details.
Views Menu Tab, Accessories Menu Tab
132
Screen Snapshot
AIS
(optional-purchase MMC/SD Cards only)
(optional-purchase AIS equipment only)
Settings: Off, On; Default = Off
Settings: Press the RIGHT Cursor key to activate.
Screen Snapshot activates the screen snapshot function. When Screen
Snapshot is enabled, pressing the MARK key creates a saved screen
snapshot on the optional-purchase MMC/SD card installed in your unit’s
card slot. All active menus, dialog boxes, warnings and messages are
captured and saved automatically.
Your Fishing system is compatible with AIS technology. This equipment must
be purchased separately and connected properly to the control head for AIS
to be activated in your Fishing System.
When an AIS is connected to the Fishing System, AIS will appear as a
menu option in the Accessories Menu Tab. AIS allows you to locate and
monitor other vessels, or Targets, within range of the VHF signal. The AIS
then exchanges information with those targets, including vessel
identification, position, course, and speed.
NOTE: For more information, see Snapshot and Recording View and
Snapshot and Recording X-Press™ Menu.
NOTE: You must have an optional-purchase MMC/SD card installed for the
Screen Snapshot feature to work.
Vessel Icons
NOTE: If you use your MMC/SD card in two different Fishfinder units that have
different screen sizes, the recordings made on one unit will still be present on the
card, but will be represented by the Unavailable icon (circle with a slanted line
through it) on the Snapshot and Recording View on the other unit.
133
Cargo Boat
Unidentified Boat
Dredge Boat
Sail Boat
Law Boat
Tow Boat
Passenger Boat
Tug Boat
Accessories Menu Tab
As target information is received, the information is displayed in the Chart
Views. In Bird’s Eye View, only the target position is displayed.
Chart View with AIS
• Vessel Icons identify the type of target.
• Alarm & Red Vessel Icon identify a target that has exceeded the
CPA (Closest Point of Approach) setting. The alarm sound and banner
will display on the screen. Press any key to stop the alarm, but the
vessel icon will continue to display as red until it is out of the CPA
alarm zone.
1
• Available Targets: If the AIS has not received information from a
target within 10 minutes, the target will turn gray. If information is
not received after 15 minutes, the target will disappear from the
view. Also, if there are several targets on the view, and a new target
messge is received, the oldest target will disappear from the view.
3
2
1 Your Boat icon
2 Target (Vessel in the area)
• MMSI Tag (Maritime Mobile Service Identity) will be displayed if it
is available for each target.
• Target Course Lines point in the direction of a vessel’s course. The
length of the line can be adjusted in the Target Course Line setting
in the AIS Submenu.
Target Course Line 3
Gray Target (information unavailable) 4
AIS Submenu: The AIS submenu allows you to
track targets, receive alerts when targets are
within the distance you set, and display targets
in Chart Views. In Bird’s Eye View, only the
position will be displayed.
• Target Details: Information about each target can be found in the
Target List in the AIS submenu. You can also use the 4-WAY Cursor
Control key to move the active cursor onto a vessel icon. Press the
INFO key to view available information, including target name,
speed, course, latitude/longitude position, registration, call sign, and
more.
• AIS Submenu allows you to control and view AIS information.
Accessories Menu Tab
4
134
Target Course Line turns course lines off or sets the amount of time
represented on the target course line. The length of the course line
indicates the last known ship speed, while the direction of the arrow
shows heading. (Settings: Off, 00:00 - 59:59; Default = 5:00)
To Change Settings in the AIS Submenu:
Highlight AIS is in the Accessories MENU Tab, and press the RIGHT Cursor
key to access the AIS Submenu.
Tracking Target sets targets and related information to be visible
(On) or hidden (Off) in the Chart Views. In Bird’s Eye View, only target
position will be displayed. (Settings: On, Off; Default = On)
MMSI Label (Maritime Mobile Service Identity) sets the MMSI
label information to be Visible or Hidden. (Settings: Visible, Hidden;
Default = Visible)
CPA (Closest Point of Approach) Limits sets how close a vessel can
approach. The amount can be set in nautical miles or time. When the
vessel has traveled past the set limit, the Vessel Icon will turn red in
the view and an alarm will sound. Press any key to turn off the alarm.
Press the RIGHT Cursor key to open the dialog box.
AIS Target List
CPA sets the closest point of approach, measured in nautical
miles.
TCPA sets the closest point of approach, measured in time.
Target List shows active targets and related information that is
available with each AIS update. Press the RIGHT Cursor key to open
the Target List.
Sort: The list is sorted by MMSI number (if available). Targets
without an MMSI will be shown at the bottom of the list.
Scroll: Use the UP or DOWN Cursor keys to scroll through the
list and highlight targets. Press and hold the DOWN Cursor key
to scroll through all the targets on the list quickly.
Target Highlight: Highlight a target on the Target List, and press
the RIGHT Cursor key. The Target List will close and the active
cursor will go to the target you highlighted. Press the EXIT key
to remove the active cursor from the screen.
135
Accessories Menu Tab
Troubleshooting
Fishing System Defaults to Simulator
with a Transducer Attached
Before contacting the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center, please read
the following section. Taking the time to review these troubleshooting
guidelines may allow you to solve a performance problem yourself, and
therefore avoid sending your unit back for repair.
A connected and functioning transducer will cause the newly-started Fishing
System to go into Normal operating mode automatically. If, when you power
up the Fishing System, it goes into Simulator mode automatically, even though
a transducer is already connected, this means that the control head is not
detecting the transducer. Perform the following troubleshooting tasks:
Fishing System Doesn’t Power Up
• the power cable is properly connected to the control head,
• Using the Installation Guide that also comes with your Fishing
System, check to make sure that the transducer cable is securely
connected to the Fishing System. Reconnect if necessary, and power
up the Fishing System again to see if this fixes the problem.
• the power cable is wired correctly, with red to positive battery
terminal and black to negative terminal or ground
• Replace the non-functioning transducer with a known good
transducer if available and power up the control head again.
• the fuse is operational
• Check the transducer cable. Replace the transducer if the cable is
damaged or corroded.
If your Fishing System doesn’t power up, use the Installation Guide that also
comes with it for specific confirmation details, making sure that:
• the battery voltage of the power connector is at least 10 Volts.
Correct any known problems, including removing corrosion from the battery
terminals or wiring, or actually replacing the battery if necessary.
Troubleshooting
136
Display Problems
There are several main conditions or sources of possible interference that may cause problems with the quality of the information displayed on the control head.
Look in the following table for some symptoms of display problems and possible solutions:
Problem
Possible Cause
The control head loses power at high
speeds.
If the power output of your boat’s engine is unregulated, the control head may be protecting itself using
its over-voltage protection feature. Make sure the input voltage does not exceed 20 Volts.
When the boat moves at higher speeds,
the bottom disappears or suddenly
weakens, or the display contains gaps.
The transducer position may need to be adjusted. A mix of air and water flowing around the transducer
(cavitation) may be interfering with the interpretation of sonar data. See your Installation Guide for
suggestions on adjusting the transducer position.
Electrical noise from the boat’s engine may be interfering with sonar reception. See Finding the Cause
of Noise for more information.
There are no fish detected, even when
you know they are in the water under
the boat, or sonar readings seem weak
or faulty.
Sonar readings may be affected if the transducer is not positioned correctly (i.e. mounted at an angle,
not straight down), or there is some kind of mechanical interference, either because it is mounted inside
a hull that is too thick for proper sonar transmission, the bond between the transducer and the hull is
not airtight, or because the transducer is dirty. Check with your Installation Guide for guidance on repositioning the transducer, and make sure the transducer is clean.
Low battery voltage may be affecting the power of signal transmission.
Electrical noise from the boats engine may be interfering with sonar reception. See Finding the Cause
of Noise for more information.
137
Troubleshooting
Finding the Cause of Noise
Electrical noise usually affects the display with many black dots at high speeds, and high sensitivity readings. One or more of the following sources can cause
noise or interference:
Possible Source of Noise
Isolation
Other electronic devices
Turn off any nearby electronic devices to see if the problem goes away, then turn them on one at a time
to see if the noise re-appears.
The boat’s engine
To determine whether the boat’s engine is the source of the noise, increase the RPMs while the boat
is in neutral and stationary to see if the noise increases proportionately; if noise appears when you rev
the engine, the problem could be the spark plugs, alternator, or tachometer wiring. Replace the spark
plugs with resistor plugs, install an alternator filter, or route the control head power and transducer
cables away from the engine wiring.
Cavitation from the boat’s propeller
Turbulence created by the propeller can cause noise; make sure the transducer is mounted at least 15”
(38 cm) from the propeller, and that the water flows smoothly over the face of the transducer at all times.
Troubleshooting
138
1-Year Limited Warranty
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER WARRANTIES,
OBLIGATIONS OR LIABILITIES ON THE PART OF HUMMINBIRD® AND WILL
BE THE CUSTOMER'S EXCLUSIVE REMEDY, EXCEPT FOR ANY APPLICABLE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES UNDER STATE LAW WHICH ARE HEREBY LIMITED
IN DURATION TO ONE YEAR FROM THE DATE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASE. IN
NO EVENT WILL HUMMINBIRD® BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES FOR BREACH OF ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTY RELATING TO THE PRODUCTS.
We warrant the original retail purchaser that products made by
Humminbird® have been manufactured free from defects in materials and
workmanship. This warranty is effective for one year from the date of original
retail purchase. Humminbird® products found to be defective and covered by
this warranty will be replaced or repaired free of charge at Humminbird’s
option and returned to the customer freight prepaid. Humminbird’s sole
responsibility under this warranty is limited to the repair or replacement of a
product that has been deemed defective by Humminbird®. Humminbird® is
not responsible for charges connected with the removal of such product or
reinstallation of replaced or repaired parts.
Some states do not allow limitations on an implied warranty, or the exclusion
of incidental or consequential damages, so the above exclusions may not
apply to you. You may also have other rights, which vary from state to state.
This warranty does not apply to a product that has been:
Humminbird® Service Policy
• Improperly installed;
Even though you'll probably never need to take advantage of our incredible
service policy, it's good to know that we back our products this confidently.
We do it because you deserve the best. We will make every effort to repair
your unit within three business days from the receipt of your unit at our
factory. This does not include shipping time to and from our factory. Units
received on Friday are typically shipped by the following Wednesday, units
received Monday are typically shipped by Thursday, etc.
• Used in an installation other than that recommended in the product
installation and operation instructions;
• Damaged or has failed because of an accident or abnormal
operation;
• Repaired or modified by entities other than Humminbird®.
Please retain your original receipt as a proof of the purchase date. This will
be required for in-warranty service.
All repair work is performed by factory-trained technicians to meet exacting
factory specifications. Factory-serviced units go through the same rigorous
testing and quality control inspections as new production units.
After the original warranty period, a standard flat rate service charge will be
assessed for each repair (physical damage and missing parts are not included).
139
Warranty
Any repairs made after the original warranty will be warranted for an additional
90 days after service has been performed by our factory technicians. You can
contact our Customer Resource Center or visit our web site to verify the flat rate
repair fee for your product (visit the Product Support section):
For IN-WARRANTY service, complete the following steps:
• Obtain a Repair Authorization Number from the Humminbird®
Customer Resource Center.
• Tag product with your name, street address, phone number and your
assigned Repair Authorization Number.
http://www.humminbird.com
We reserve the right to deem any product unserviceable when replacement
parts are no longer available or impossible to obtain. This Service Policy is
valid in the United States only. This applies only to Humminbird® products
returned to our factory in Eufaula, Alabama. This Service Policy is subject to
change without notice.
• Include a brief written description of the problem.
• Include a copy of your receipt (to show proof and date of purchase).
• Return product freight prepaid to Humminbird®, using an insured
carrier with delivery confirmation.
DOMESTIC (USA) CUSTOMERS:
PLEASE DO NOT RETURN THIS PRODUCT TO STORE FOR SERVICE
For OUT-OF-WARRANTY service, complete the following steps:
• Obtain a Repair Authorization Number from the Humminbird®
Customer Resource Center.
For all technical issues please call 1-800-633-1468
or visit www.humminbird.com, click SUPPORT.
Please reference product serial number and model number when contacting Humminbird®.
• Include payment in the form of credit card number and expiration
date, money order or personal check. Please do not send cash.
Returning Your Unit for Service
• Tag product with your name, street address, phone number and your
assigned Repair Authorization Number.
Before sending your unit in for repair, please contact the factory, either by
phone or by email, to obtain a Repair Authorization Number for your unit.
• Include a brief written description of the problem.
NOTE: Please do not return your Humminbird® product to the store for service.
• Return product freight prepaid to Humminbird®, using an insured
carrier with delivery confirmation.
Please have your product model name and serial number available before
calling the factory. If you contact the factory by e-mail, please include your
product model name and serial number in the e-mail, and use Request for
Repair Authorization Number for your e-mail subject header. You should
include your Repair Authorization Number in all subsequent communications
about your unit.
Warranty
140
Fishing System Accessories
PC Connect Cable: Purchase the PC Connect Cable to connect the Fishing
System to a PC in order to upload product software updates and new
features obtained from humminbird.com. This accessory requires the
MSWindows-compatible HumminbirdPC™ software downloaded from our
web site to your PC in order to communicate with the Fishing System.
Accessories customize the 800 Series™ and 900 Series™ to your needs and
enable you to stay on the edge of new technology. When an accessory is
connected to the Fishing System, additional menus and readouts are added
automatically to the Main Menu System. Accessories available today that
are supported by your Fishing System include:
Universal Sonar 2: Your Fishing System supports Universal Sonar 2, a stateof-the-art, integrated and protected transducer that is built into the lower
unit of Minnkota trolling motors. With Universal Sonar 2, all wiring is
concealed inside the indestructible composite shaft—out of sight and out of
harm’s way, with no clamps, ties, or exposed wires. Universal Sonar 2
features new temperature sensing and the performance of DualBeam
PLUS™ technology (available with all Humminbird® DualBeam PLUS™
models). An expanded view and greater bottom detail gives you a totally
new perspective of the water below, along with optimal sonar performance
to help you find fish.
QuadraBeam PLUS™ transducer: purchase and connect the QuadraBeam
PLUS™ transducer to your Fishing System to access specialized
QuadraBeam PLUS™ functions such as two 45° fan-shaped 35° 455 kHz
Side Structure locating sonar beams to spot fish, bait and structure to the
left and right of the boat over an area of the bottom that’s always equal to
twice your depth, for a continuous 90° of uninterrupted side to side
coverage to 160 feet.
WeatherSense® Fishing Condition Monitor: purchase and plug in the
WeatherSense® accessory to your Fishing System to obtain barometric
pressure readouts and trend data in real time.
Downriggers are the key to catching fish you otherwise couldn’t even touch.
And now Humminbird’s CannonLink™ Downrigger Controller makes
operation of up to six Cannon® Mag 20 DT or Mag 20 DT/HS downriggers
incredibly easy. Using the controls on your Fishing System, deploy or retrieve
downriggers, hold a specific distance off the bottom, cycle downriggers
between two depths, and adjust the Positive Ion Control. Even see
temperature and water clarity at depth and speed at the ball right on-screen
when using the Cannon® Speed-n-Temp. You’ll never be shorthanded again,
just make adjustments from the helm, while your mate rigs the lines and
brings in the fish!
GPS Connection Cable: purchase the GPS Connection Cable in order to
connect a handheld or other NMEA* GPS-compatible device that you may
already own to your Fishing System.
*NMEA 0183 is a National Marine Electronics Association standard for data
communication.
Wireless Sonar Link (WSL): purchase the Wireless Sonar Link (WSL)
accessory to receive remote sonar signals from a SmartCast® Remote Sonar
Sensor (RSS). Radio signals from the RSS are received by the WSL and are
transmitted over the Accessory Bus to the Fishing System.
141
Accessories
Specifications
With the new InterLink™ Network Connection, you can now share GPS
position, waypoints, routes and your current track between two
Humminbird® Fishing Systems in real time. Mark a waypoint at the console,
and it’s instantly available on the second unit. No matter where you’re at on
the boat, you’ll have access to your critical fishing and navigation
information. Plus, daisy chain InterLink™ with other System Modules and
you’ll have a network that lets you share digital data around the boat. It’s a
simply, clearly, better networking solution!
Depth Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1500 ft (500 m)
Power Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . .500 Watts (RMS), 4000 Watts (Peak to Peak)
Operating Frequency
DualBeam PLUS™: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 kHz and 83 kHz
Side Imaging®: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 kHz and 83 kHz, 455 kHz, 800 kHz
Area of Coverage
Dual Beam PLUS™: . .60° @ -10 dB in 83 kHz and 20° @ -10 dB in 200 kHz
Side Imaging®: . . . . . . . . . .455 kHz: (2) 86° @ -10 db (180° Total Coverage)
800 kHz: (2) 55° @ -10 db (130° Total Coverage)
Humminbird’s AS WX 1 weather accessory provides anglers with access to
continuously-updating weather conditions. The AS WX 1 uses sophisticated
technology to track nationwide weather information for more than 20
different weather conditions, including precipitation, wind, lightning, and
full forecasts for more than 150 cities across the country, then scales and
customizes this detail to the angler’s specific location. See the AS WX 1
accessory guide for details.
Target Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1/2 Inches (63.5 mm)
Power Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20 VDC
LCD Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .480 V x 800 H
Be sure to check out our web site humminbird.com for additional new and
exciting accessories to grow your Fishing System.
Transducer
858c and 958c: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .XNT 9 20 T
898c SI and 998c SI: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .XHS 9 HDSI 180 T
NOTE: Each accessory requires a separate purchase. You can visit our
web site at humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at
1-800-633-1468 for additional details.
Transducer Cable Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 ft (6 m)
IPX Rating . . . . . . . . . . .IP67 Waterproof/Submersible @ 1 m for 30 minutes
and dust tight
NOTE: Product specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
NOTE: Humminbird® verifies maximum stated depth in saltwater conditions,
however actual depth performance may vary due to transducer installation,
water type, thermal layers, bottom composition and slope.
Accessories, Specifications
142
ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE STATEMENT: It is the intention of Humminbird® to
be a responsible corporate citizen, operating in compliance with known and applicable
environmental regulations, and a good neighbor in the communities where we make or
sell our products.
Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that
it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General
Public License for more details.
WEEE DIRECTIVE: EU Directive 2002/96/EC “Waste of Electrical and Electronic
Equipment Directive (WEEE)” impacts most distributors, sellers, and manufacturers of
consumer electronics in the European Union. The WEEE Directive requires the producer of
consumer electronics to take responsibility for the management of waste from their
products to achieve environmentally responsible disposal during the product life cycle.
You may receive a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not,
write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301 USA.
To receive a free copy of the Linux software used in this system, please send a letter of
request* with the following information:
WEEE compliance may not be required in your location for electrical & electronic
equipment (EEE), nor may it be required for EEE designed and intended as fixed or
temporary installation in transportation vehicles such as automobiles, aircraft, and boats.
In some European Union member states, these vehicles are considered outside of the
scope of the Directive, and EEE for those applications can be considered excluded from the
WEEE Directive requirement.
Name (First & Last)
Phone Number
E-mail Address
Mailing Address
Humminbird serial number
(Your Humminbird unit must be registered at
humminbird.com/support/productregistration.aspx.)
This symbol (WEEE wheelie bin) on product indicates the product must not be
disposed of with other household refuse. It must be disposed of and collected for
recycling and recovery of waste EEE. Humminbird® will mark all EEE products in
accordance with the WEEE Directive. It is our goal to comply in the collection,
treatment, recovery, and environmentally sound disposal of those products; however,
these requirements do vary within European Union member states. For more information
about where you should dispose of your waste equipment for recycling and recovery
and/or your European Union member state requirements, please contact your dealer or
distributor from which your product was purchased.
Shipping and Handling: We can only accept requests that include a money order in the
amount of $9.99 to cover shipping and handling. Please allow 4-6 weeks for processing.
Send the letter of request* to the following address:
Linux Software Request
Humminbird
678 Humminbird Lane
Eufaula, AL 36027
ROHS STATEMENT: Product designed and intended as a fixed installation or part of a
system in a vessel may be considered beyond the scope of Directive 2002/95/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use
of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
*NOTE: A copy of the Linux operating system is not required to upgrade your fishing
system. The Humminbird® application software and control head include a separate
service warranty. Please see humminbird.com and the Warranty section of this manual
for details.
NOTE: This product uses the Linux operating system. This portion of the software is free
software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General
143
Specifications
Glossary
Sonar Terms
Beam (Sonar Beam) The wide, cone-shaped projection of sound waves formed as
sound travels underwater. See Cone Angle.
Display, FSTN (Film Super-Twist Nematic) FSTN is a monochrome display
technology characterized by black, high-contrast pixels. All monochrome fixed mount
Humminbird® products use FSTN technology.
Bottom Contour The profile of the bottom graphed to the display as the depth
Frequency A measure of the number of sound wave cycles per second of a sound
changes.
impulse transmitted underwater. A typical frequency for fishfinders is 200 kHz, which
offers a good balance of performance under many conditions. Lower frequencies, such
as 50 kHz, are capable of penetrating to greater depths, but with less resolution.
Higher frequencies, such as 455 kHz, offer greater resolution, but are limited in depth
performance. Humminbird® uses a variety of frequencies that are optimized for specific
applications.
Bottom Hardness The density (or composition) of the bottom. Varying levels of
hardness can be determined by interpreting the “thickness“ of the main sonar return.
Hard returns appear thin and black, softer returns appear thicker and less black. It is
important to note that a sonar return from a sloping bottom can have the appearance
of a softer bottom.
Cavitation The effect of air bubbles created as the propeller rotates and the boat
moves through the water.
Grayscale The use of varying shades of gray to represent the strength of the sonar
signal on the display. Traditionally, the strongest sonar signals are represented in
black, and progressively weaker signals are represented in progressively lighter shades
of gray.
Cone Angle The angular measurement of the sonar beam at a specific dB down
point (i.e. -10 dB). See dB Down Point.
Noise The unintentional, external sound waves that interfere with the optimal
operation of sonar. Noise appears as random “dots“ on the display and is caused by a
variety of sources. Many Humminbird® products have a Noise Filter menu setting that
allows the user to clear the screen of noise that is difficult to eliminate (also, see
Troubleshooting).
Dead Zone The area of the sonar beam that receives the sonar signal after the main
bottom return. Fish and other objects close to the bottom that fall within the dead zone
will probably not be visible in the sonar beam. Precision sonar beams, such as the
Humminbird® 20° beam, have a smaller dead zone than wider sonar beams.
Decibel The measurement for sound pressure level, or “intensity”of the sonar return.
See dB Down Point.
Pixels The “picture elements“, or small square blocks, that make up the image on the
LCD. Measured as a vertical by horizontal number (i.e. 640V x 320H), this key
specification typically indicates the quality of resolution. In fishfinders, the total
resolution (vertical multiplied by horizontal) is often less important than the “Vertical
Pixel“ resolution because a greater number of vertical pixels provide finer resolution of
targets detected by sonar. Sonar information on the horizontal axis can vary greatly,
depending on boat speed and the Chart Speed setting.
dB Down Point The standard decibel level at which the sonar cone angle is
measured, and is written as “@ -10 dB” or “@ -3 dB“. Measurements at smaller down
points (bigger negative numbers) indicate that the less intensive sonar signals are
being used for the measurement.
Glossary - Sonar Terms
144
Glossary
Sonar Terms
Power Output The amount of sound energy emitted into the water by the
Sonar Update Rate The number of times per second that the transducer’s
transducer’s transmitter. Power output is measured using either RMS (Root Mean
Square) or P-T-P (Peak-to-Peak) measurement systems. Either method is acceptable,
but it is important when comparing power outputs, to make sure that the same
measurement system is being used for both outputs, because P-T-P numbers are 8
times higher than RMS numbers. Greater power output allows the sonar signal to
penetrate through weeds and thermoclines, reach deeper depths and operate more
effectively in noisy environments, such as when the boat is running at high speed.
transmitter/receiver sends and receives sonar signals. A very fast sonar update rate
collects more information and provides a more detailed image of the bottom, fish, and
structure. Many Humminbird® units operate at up to 40 times per second when in
single frequency operation. Due to the limitation of the speed of sound in water, the
update rate begins to slow as depth increases to deeper than 50 feet. In very shallow
water (less than 10 feet), however, update rates as much as 60 times per second can
be achieved.
Pulse Width (Pulse Length) The length of time that a sonar sound burst is
Speed The rate at which the boat moves through the water. Boat speed can be
measured as Speed Over Ground or Speed Through Water. Speed Over Ground is
provided by GPS, and is the measurement of the boats progress across a given
distance. Speed Through Water is provided by a speed paddlewheel, and is the
measurement of the flow past the boat, which may vary depending on current speed
and direction. Speed Through Water is most critical for anglers using downriggers, as
it impacts the running depth of the down riggers. Speed Over Ground is optimal for
navigation, as accurate destination times can be derived from this measurement.
Humminbird® products allow for input and display of both sources.
transmitted into the water. Shorter pulse widths provide better target separation, but
cannot travel to great depths. Longer pulse widths provide better depth penetration,
but result in poorer target separation. Humminbird® varies pulse width based on depth
to optimize both target separation and depth performance. See Target Separation.
Second Return Describes the appearance of a second sonar return below the
primary sonar return (bottom contour) at exactly twice the true depth. The second
return is caused by the same sonar energy bouncing off the bottom once, rebounding
to the water surface and then traveling back down to the bottom to be reflected again.
Second returns are more common in shallow water and over hard bottoms; it is
possible to see a third sonar return under some circumstances. The second return
provides useful information to help determine bottom hardness, as areas with harder
bottoms will generally create a second return. The second return can be used as a
guide to set Sensitivity when in shallower water.
Structure A general term for objects on the bottom that present a discontinuity and
are a likely attractor for fish. This includes bottom contour features (drop-offs, humps,
and holes), standing structure (stumps, timbers, brush piles), and a wide range of
other potential objects (sunken boats, reefs).
Surface Clutter A phenomenon where sonar returns are reflected off of tiny objects
near the surface of the water, including algae and even air bubbles. Typically, saltwater
environments have significantly greater surface clutter than freshwater due to
continuous wind and wave action that causes aeration at the surface.
SONAR (SOund and NAvigation Ranging) Sonar technology uses precision sound
bursts transmitted underwater to determine the distance and other attributes of objects
in the water. Distance can be determined because the speed of sound in water is
constant, and the time for the signal to return is measured. Sound also travels very
quickly underwater, making sonar a responsive, cost-effective tool. Sonar is the basic
technology behind all recreational and commercial fishfinding and depthfinding devices.
Target Separation The measurement of minimum distance that a fishfinder needs to
be able to recognize two very close objects as two distinct targets (i.e. two fish
hanging very close, or a fish hanging very close to structure). Humminbird® fishfinders
145
Glossary - Sonar Terms
Glossary
Sonar Terms
GPS & Navigation Terms
provide a very good 2 1/2 inches of target separation in shallower than 100 feet of
depth. Target separation decreases as depth increases due to the need for longer Pulse
Width to achieve greater depth. See Pulse Width.
Acquisition Time The length of time that a GPS receiver typically takes to determine
a position from at least three satellites. Humminbird® GPS receivers provide very fast
acquisition times (under one minute), permitting users to get out on the water faster.
Thermoclines Water layer(s) of distinctly different temperatures that create a sonar
Altitude The height measurement above sea level. Altitude is a measurement that
can be provided by GPS.
reflection due to the density of the differing water temperatures. Typically a
thermocline will appear as a continuous band across the display at some distance
above the bottom contour. Thermoclines are of interest to anglers because fish will
suspend above or below the thermocline as they seek the optimum temperature and
oxygen levels.
Bearing (BRG) The direction to a destination waypoint measured in degrees from
North (i.e. 321°, where 000° is North, 090° East, 180° is South, 270° is West).
Chartplotter A navigation device that shows Present Position on a Map, along with
Tracks, Waypoints, and Routes. All Chartplotters are also considered Trackplotters.
Time Variable Gain (TVG) A processing step applied to the sonar return to
Cold Start The procedure that a GPS receiver must perform when it does not have
historical information regarding its current location. This procedure typically lasts for
several minutes, and may be experienced upon first power up of the receiver, or if the
receiver has been moved a great distance.
“normalize“ the data so that objects of equal size (i.e. fish) appear to be the same size,
even if they are separated by a good distance.
Transducer The transducer is part of the sonar system, which mounts on the boat
and is in contact with the water, that converts the electrical energy from the
transmitter into sound energy, and that forms the sonar beam in turn. Internally, the
transducer consists of one or more piezo electric disks that expand by very minute
amounts to create the sound wave. This element also works in reverse, converting the
returned sound energy back into an electrical signal that the receiver interprets. See
SONAR.
Course Over Ground (COG) The current direction the boat is traveling measured in
degrees from North (i.e. 321°, where 000° is North, 090° East, 180° is South, 270° is
West). When the Course Over Ground is equal to Bearing, the boat is said to be “On
Course” and will arrive at the destination in the most efficient manner. COG is often
confused with Heading. See Heading.
Zoom A feature that focuses on a smaller area of the bottom to provide enhanced
Cross Track Error (XTE) The straight-line distance of the boat from the intended
resolution. With enhanced resolution, the angler can more easily see fish hanging in
structure or multiple fish hanging close together.
Track. XTE measures how far the boat is off course and also triggers the Off Course
Alarm. See Track.
Zoom, Bottom Lock Bottom Lock Zoom is a feature that focuses on a smaller area
Differential GPS (DGPS) A system used to improve the position accuracy of the
just above the bottom to provide enhanced resolution. Unlike regular zoom, it
continuously graphs the bottom at a constant point on the display regardless of
changes in depth. This “flattens“ out the bottom contour, but is effective at showing
fish on or near the bottom, and is preferred by many saltwater anglers.
Department of Defense GPS through the use of secondary “correction signals”
broadcast from ground stations around the coastal United States and on some inland
waterways. These correction signals are provided by the USCG and received by an
auxiliary Differential Beacon Receiver (DBR) that connects to the GPS receiver. The
Glossary - Sonar Terms, GPS & Navigation Terms
146
Glossary
GPS & Navigation Terms
advent of WAAS has largely negated the need for the added expense of a DBR in the
United States.
is a very rugged format suitable for the marine environment, but it is not waterproof.
MMC is the same format that many digital cameras use. See SD.
Distance To Go The straight-line distance between Present Position and the
Destination Waypoint. DTG and SOG (Speed Over Ground) are used to calculate Time
To Go. See Time to Go and Speed Over Ground.
North, Magnetic The principle reference point of the compass (i.e. North is 000°).
Magnetic North relies on the earth’s magnetic field to align a metal pointer generally
towards True North. However, due to local variations in the earth’s magnetic field
around the globe, the difference between True North and Magnetic North can be
greater than 10°. See True North.
Estimated Position Error (EPE) A calculation that indicates the potential position
inaccuracy the user may experience due to a variety of GPS factors which include
satellite position in the sky, signal strength, and others factors.
Fix Type Indicates whether the GPS receiver is providing 2D fix or 3D fix. A 2D fix
requires only three satellites and provides only latitude and longitude. A 3D fix requires
four or more satellites, and provides latitude, longitude, and altitude.
North, True The principle reference point of the compass (i.e. North is 000°). True
North uses the axis of the rotation of the earth as the reference for North and is
constant for all points on the earth. Most GPS units default to True North as the
setting. The GPS heading may vary from the boat compass heading because the
compass uses Magnetic North. See Magnetic North.
GPS (Global Positioning System) GPS provides accurate position (latitude,
longitude, altitude) information virtually anywhere on the earth through satellite
technology and personal receivers on the ground. See How GPS Works.
Present Position The current location (latitude, longitude) determined by GPS. The
Present Position is indicated on-screen by a directional boat icon if the boat is moving
or a round symbol if the boat is stationary.
Heading The direction the boat is pointing and is measured in degrees (i.e. 321°,
Route A series of waypoints linked together in a specific sequence to define a
navigation path between two points, and saved in the fishfinder’s memory. Routes are
often used when frequently traveling between two or more locations because it is a
faster and more accurate method than repeatedly selecting individual waypoints each
time one travels through the same area. Routes consist of a Start Waypoint, an End
Waypoint, and a series of waypoints in between. Users can begin navigation at the
beginning, the end (to run the route in reverse) or at any waypoint in between. See
Waypoint.
where 000° is North, 090° East, 180° is South, 270° is West). Due to wind and waves,
the boat is often traveling in a slightly different direction than it is heading, and
therefore Heading is often confused with Course Over Ground. See Course Over
Ground.
Map Datum Refers to a particular survey of the earth’s surface that was referenced
when creating a chart (i.e. WGS84). It is important to select the correct Map Datum
setting in your fishfinder when comparing GPS position to a paper chart to avoid slight
position inaccuracies. Almost all electronic charts use the WGS84 Map Datum and
therefore, they do not require setting changes.
SD (Secure Digital) An SD card is virtually identical in function to an MMC;
however, the speed at which information can be accessed is generally faster, the
storage capacity is generally larger, and the card has security features which can be
used to prevent extracting the data from the card. SD is the same format that many
digital cameras use. See MMC.
MMC (Multi Media Card) An MMC is a postage stamp-sized memory device used
to store electronic data such a maps, waypoints, routes, and other information. MMC
147
Glossary - GPS & Navigation Terms
Glossary
GPS & Navigation Terms
Selective Availability (SA) A GPS system “feature” that can be implemented by
the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to degrade the accuracy of GPS positioning
information. With SA active, the GPS is accurate to within 100 meters 95% of the time.
With SA inactive, the GPS is accurate to within 45 meters 95% of the time. Currently,
SA is inactive and the consumer can enjoy the greater precision GPS provides;
however, the DoD reserves the right to activate SA at any time.
Trackplotter A navigation device that shows Present Position, along with Track,
Waypoint, and Routes, but NO MAP in the background. See Chartplotter.
Trolling Grid A Humminbird® feature that displays a precise reference grid around a
waypoint. This grid is used as a guide pattern for trolling around a specific area to
assure a more efficient and complete coverage of that area.
UTC (Universal Time Constant) UTC is the “standard time” used in navigation and
is the local time in Greenwich England. (UTC is equivalent to Greenwich Mean Time
(GMT)).
Speed Over Ground (SOG) The measurement of the boat’s progress across a given
distance and the speed measurement provided by GPS. An alternate, Speed Through
Water, is provided by a speed paddlewheel, and is the measurement of the flow past
the boat, which may vary depending on current speed and direction. Speed Over
Ground is optimal for navigation because accurate destination times can be derived
from this measurement. Humminbird® products allow for input and display of both
speed measurements.
WAAS (Wide Area Augmentation System) WAAS is complementary technology
to GPS that provides enhanced accuracy through correction signals broadcast from
Federal Aviation Administration WAAS satellites stationed over the USA. These
secondary signals are automatically received by the standard Humminbird® GPS
Receiver. With WAAS signal, GPS accuracy is improved to within 3 meters 95% of the
time. Outside the United States, regional governmental coalitions have created similar
systems such as EGNOS (Europe) and MSAS (Japan).
Time To Go (TTG) The estimated time required to reach the destination waypoint.
TTG is calculated using the SOG and DTG. See SOG and DTG.
Track A series of saved points that define the past path of the boat. These Track
Waypoint The saved location (latitude, longitude) of a point of interest that is stored
in a GPS receiver’s memory. This can include a marker buoy, dock, fishing hole, or
anywhere else the user may want to return to. Humminbird® products offer the ability
to name and assign a symbol to the saved location. Depth, Date, and Time of Day when
the waypoint was created is also saved.
Points are saved at regular time intervals. Tracks are a useful and quick method to see
where you’ve been, and an easy guide to follow to get you back to the starting point.
Generally, all GPS units have a limited number of Track Points that can be saved before
the unit runs out of memory and begins erasing the first track points saved. Because
of this, the user can adjust the Track Point Interval menu to increase the amount of
time between when points are saved, and thus extend the distance covered by a track.
Tracks can also be permanently saved to memory and re-displayed at the user’s option.
Waypoint Target A Humminbird® feature that displays a precise “bull’s eye” around
a selected waypoint. This bull’s eye is used to easily monitor boat position relative to
a waypoint, and is useful for fishing over submerged structure. With Waypoint Targets,
a quick look at the screen lets you know how far off the waypoint the boat has drifted.
Track Line (TRK) The planned line of travel between two waypoints, and it
represents the most efficient path between the two points because it is a straight line.
The TRK is measured in degrees (i.e. 321°, where 000° is North, 090° East, 180° is
South, 270° is West). See Cross Track Error and Course Over Ground.
Glossary - GPS & Navigation Terms
148
Appendix A
Side Imaging® Transducer Mounting Template (XHS 9 HDSI 180 T)
149
Appendix A
Contact Humminbird®
Contact the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center
in any of the following ways:
By Telephone
(Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Central Standard Time):
1-800-633-1468
By e-mail
(typically we respond to your e-mail within three business days):
service@humminbird.com
For direct shipping, our address is:
Humminbird®
Service Department
678 Humminbird Lane
Eufaula, AL 36027 USA
150
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