LevelOne WBR-3408 User Manual

LevelOne  WBR-3408 User Manual
LevelOne
WBR-3408
User Manual
11g Wireless Broadband Router
(Roteador banda-larga sem fio- Wireless G)
Ver. 3.000
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Safety
FCC WARNING
This equipment may generate or use radio frequency energy. Changes or modifications to this equipment may cause harmful interference unless the modifications are
expressly approved in the instruction manual. The user could lose the authority to
operate this equipment if an unauthorized change or modification is made.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and,
if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by
one or more of the following measures:
1) Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
2) Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3) Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to
which the receiver is connected.
4) Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
CE Declaration of conformity
This equipment complies with the requirements relating to electromagnetic compatibility, EN 55022 class B for ITE, the essential protection requirement of Council
Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility.
CE Marking Warning
Hereby, Digital Data Communications, declares that this (Model-no. WBR-3408) is
in compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions of
Directive 1999/5/EC.
The CE-Declaration of Conformity can be downloaded at:
http://www.levelone.eu/support.php
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General Public License
This product incorporates open source code into the software and therefore falls
under the guidelines governed by the General Public License (GPL) agreement.
Adhering to the GPL requirements, the open source code and open source license
for the source code are available for free download at http://global.level1.com.
If you would like a copy of the GPL or other open source code in this software on a
physical CD medium, LevelOne (Digital Data Communications) offers to mail this
CD to you upon request, for a price of US$9.99 plus the cost of shipping.
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Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................ 6
Wireless Router Features ............................................................................................ 6
Package Contents ...................................................................................................... 10
Physical Details .......................................................................................................... 11
CHAPTER 2 INSTALLATION ....................................................................................... 13
Requirements ............................................................................................................. 13
Procedure ................................................................................................................... 13
CHAPTER 3 SETUP......................................................................................................... 15
Overview .................................................................................................................... 15
Configuration Program............................................................................................. 17
Setup Wizard ............................................................................................................. 18
Home Screen .............................................................................................................. 20
LAN Screen ................................................................................................................ 21
Mode Screen............................................................................................................... 23
Wireless - Options Screen ......................................................................................... 24
Wireless - Schedule .................................................................................................... 26
Wireless - MAC Filter ............................................................................................... 27
Wireless - MAC Filter - Trusted Wireless Stations ................................................ 28
Wireless - WiFi Protected Setup (WPS) .................................................................. 30
Wireless - Wireless Distribution System (WDS) ..................................................... 32
Wireless Security ....................................................................................................... 34
Password Screen ........................................................................................................ 39
CHAPTER 4 PC CONFIGURATION............................................................................. 40
Overview .................................................................................................................... 40
Windows Clients ........................................................................................................ 40
Macintosh Clients ...................................................................................................... 51
Linux Clients .............................................................................................................. 52
Other Unix Systems ................................................................................................... 52
Wireless Station Configuration ................................................................................ 53
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP ................................................................. 53
CHAPTER 5 OPERATION AND STATUS ................................................................... 63
Operation - Router Mode ......................................................................................... 63
Status Screen .............................................................................................................. 63
Connection Status - PPPoE....................................................................................... 66
Connection Status - PPTP......................................................................................... 67
Connection Status - L2TP ......................................................................................... 68
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address............................................................... 69
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address .................................................................... 70
CHAPTER 6 ADVANCED FEATURES......................................................................... 71
Overview .................................................................................................................... 71
Internet ....................................................................................................................... 71
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server) ..................................................................... 74
Options ....................................................................................................................... 76
Schedule...................................................................................................................... 77
Port Trigger ............................................................................................................... 79
Single Port Forwarding............................................................................................. 81
Port Range Forwarding ............................................................................................ 83
QoS.............................................................................................................................. 84
CHAPTER 7 ADVANCED ADMINISTRATION.......................................................... 86
Overview .................................................................................................................... 86
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PC Database ............................................................................................................... 87
Config File .................................................................................................................. 90
Logs............................................................................................................................. 91
E-Mail ......................................................................................................................... 93
Diagnostics ................................................................................................................. 95
Remote Administration ............................................................................................. 96
Routing ....................................................................................................................... 98
Upgrade Firmware .................................................................................................. 102
CHAPTER 8 ACCESS POINT MODE ......................................................................... 103
Overview .................................................................................................................. 103
Management Connections....................................................................................... 103
Mode Screen............................................................................................................. 104
Operation ................................................................................................................. 104
APPENDIX A TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................ 105
Overview .................................................................................................................. 105
General Problems .................................................................................................... 105
Internet Access ......................................................................................................... 105
Wireless Access ........................................................................................................ 106
APPENDIX B ABOUT WIRELESS LANS .................................................................. 108
Modes ....................................................................................................................... 108
BSS/ESS.................................................................................................................... 108
Channels ................................................................................................................... 109
WEP .......................................................................................................................... 109
WPA-PSK ................................................................................................................ 109
WPA2-PSK .............................................................................................................. 110
WPA-802.1x ............................................................................................................. 110
Wireless LAN Configuration .................................................................................. 111
APPENDIX C SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................ 112
Multi-Function Wireless Router ............................................................................ 112
Wireless Interface .................................................................................................... 112
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1
Chapter 1
Introduction
This Chapter provides an overview of the Wireless Router's features
and capabilities.
Congratulations on the purchase of your new Wireless Router. The Wireless Router is a multi-function device providing the following services:



Shared Broadband Internet Access for all LAN users.
Wireless Access Point for 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless Stations.
4-Port Switching Hub for 10BaseT or 100BaseT connections.
Installation
Wireless Router Features
The Wireless Router incorporates many advanced features, carefully designed to
provide sophisticated functions while being easy to use.
Internet Access Features

Shared Internet Access. All users on the LAN or WLAN can access the
Internet through the Wireless Router, using only a single external IP Address.
The local (invalid) IP Addresses are hidden from external sources. This
process is called NAT (Network Address Translation).

DSL & Cable Modem Support. The Wireless Router has a 10/100BaseT
Ethernet port for connecting a DSL or Cable Modem. All popular DSL and Cable Modems are supported.

PPPoE, PPTP and L2TP Support. The Internet (WAN port) connection
supports PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol)
and L2TP, as well as "Direct Connection" type services.

Fixed or Dynamic IP Address. On the Internet (WAN port) connection,
the Wireless Router supports both Dynamic IP Address (IP Address is allocated on connection) and Fixed IP Address.
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Introduction
Advanced Internet Functions

Application Level Gateways (ALGs). Applications which use nonstandard connections or port numbers are normally blocked by the Firewall.
The ability to define and allow such applications is provided, to enable such applications to be used normally.

Port Triggering. This feature, also called Special Applications, allows you to
use Internet applications which normally do not function when used behind a
firewall.

Port Forwarding. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet
servers on your LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.

Virtual Servers. This feature allows Internet users to access Internet servers
on your LAN. The required setup is quick and easy.

Dynamic DNS Support. DDNS, when used with the Virtual Servers feature,
allows users to connect to Servers on your LAN using a Domain Name, even if
you have a dynamic IP address which changes every time you connect.

URL Filter. Use the URL Filter to block access to undesirable Web sites by
LAN users.

Access Control. Using the Access Control feature, you can assign LAN
users to different groups, and determine which Internet services are available
to each group.

Scheduling. Both the URL Filter and Firewall rules can be scheduled to
operate only at certain times. This provides great flexibility in controlling Internet
-bound traffic.

Logs. Define what data is recorded in the Logs, and optionally send log data
to a Syslog Server. Log data can also be E-mailed to you.

QoS Support Quality of Service can be used to handle packets so that more
important connections receive priority over less important one.
Wireless Features

Standards Compliant. The Wireless Router complies with the
IEEE802.11g (DSSS) specifications for Wireless LANs.

Multi SSIDs Support. This feature can let you have 2 SSIDs on one AP,
which provides more easy way for Guest access and also secure your resource
at the same time.

WEP support. Support for WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is included. Key
sizes of 64 Bit and 128 Bit are supported. WEP encrypts any data before
transmission, providing protection against snoopers.

WPA-PSK support. Like WEP, WPA-PSK encrypts any data before transmission, providing protection against snoopers. The WPA-PSK is a later
standard than WEP, and provides both easier configuration and greater security than WEP.

WPA2-PSK support. Support for WPA2 is also included. WPA2 uses the
extremely secure AES encryption method.

802.1x Support. Support for 802.1x mode is included, providing for the
industrial-strength wireless security of 802.1x authentication and authorization.

Wireless MAC Access Control. The Wireless Access Control feature can
check the MAC address (hardware address) of Wireless stations to ensure that
only trusted Wireless Stations can access your LAN.
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Introduction

Simple Configuration. If the default settings are unsuitable, they can be
changed quickly and easily.

WPS Support. WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) can simplify the process of
connecting any device to the wireless network by using the push button configuration (PBC) on the Wireless Access Point, or entering a PIN code if there's
no button.

WDS Support. Support for WDS (Wireless Distribution System) allows the
Wireless Access Point to act as a Wireless Bridge. Both Point-to-Point and
Multi-Point Bridge modes are supported.
LAN Features

4-Port Switching Hub. The Wireless Router incorporates a 4-port
10/100BaseT switching hub, making it easy to create or extend your LAN.

DHCP Server Support. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol provides a
dynamic IP address to PCs and other devices upon request. The Wireless
Router can act as a DHCP Server for devices on your local LAN and WLAN.
Configuration & Management

Easy Setup. Use your WEB browser from anywhere on the LAN or WLAN
for configuration.

Configuration File Upload/Download. Save (download) the configuration
data from the Wireless Router to your PC, and restore (upload) a previouslysaved configuration file to the Wireless Router.

Remote Management. The Wireless Router can be managed from any PC
on your LAN or Wireless LAN. And, if the Internet connection exists, it can also
(optionally) be configured via the Internet.

Network Diagnostics. You can use the Wireless Router to perform a Ping
or DNS lookup.

UPnP Support. UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery
and configuration of the Wireless Router. UPnP is supported by Windows ME,
XP, or later.
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Introduction
Security Features

Password - protected Configuration. Password protection is provided to
prevent unauthorized users from modifying the configuration data and settings.

Wireless LAN Security. WPA-PSK, WEP and Wireless access control by
MAC address are all supported. The MAC-level access control feature can be
used to prevent unknown wireless stations from accessing your LAN.

NAT Protection. An intrinsic side effect of NAT (Network Address Translation) technology is that by allowing all LAN users to share a single IP address,
the location and even the existence of each PC is hidden. From the external
viewpoint, there is no network, only a single device - the Wireless Router.

Firewall. All incoming data packets are monitored and all incoming server
requests are filtered, thus protecting your network from malicious attacks from
external sources.

Protection against DoS attacks. DoS (Denial of Service) attacks can
flood your Internet connection with invalid packets and connection requests, using so much bandwidth and so many resources that Internet access becomes
unavailable. The Wireless Router incorporates protection against DoS attacks.
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Introduction
Package Contents
The following items should be included. If any of these items are damaged or
missing, please contact your dealer immediately.

WBR-3408 11g Wireless Broadband Router

1 Cat-5 Ethernet (LAN) cable

Power Adapter

Quick Installation Guide

CD-ROM containing the on-line manual.
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Introduction
Physical Details
Front Panel
EN
PT
Front Panel
WPS
Button
Push the WPS button on the WBR-3408, and also on your
other wireless device to perform WPS syncing to create a
secured wireless connection automatically.
Wireless
Security
On - Wireless security is On.
Off - Wireless security is Off.
Flashing (Blue) - When WPS sync in progress.
Wireless
On - Wireless Devices or Computers are connected to the
WBR-3408.
Off - No Wireless connections currently exist.
LAN
On - Wired Devices or Computers are connected to the
WBR-3408.
Off - No active wired connections on the LAN port(s).
Power
On - Router is ON and ready.
Flashing (Blue) - Router is booting up
Off - Router is OFF
WAN
On - Connection to the ADSL/Broadband Modem attached to
the WAN (Internet) port is established.
Off - No connection to the ADSL/Broadband Modem.
Flashing (Amber) – Router is attempting to connect to the
Internet.
Internet
On - Internet connection is available.
Off - No Internet connection available.
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Introduction
Wireless
On / Off
Button
Push button for 3 seconds to Enable or Disable the wireless
signal.
Reboot
or Reset
Reboot - Press WPS and Wireless On/Off buttons together
for 5 seconds. The router will restart and boot again.
Reset – Press WPS and Wireless On/Off buttons together for
10 seconds.
All settings will be CLEARED and restored to factory defaults.
Rear Panel
Rear Panel
Power port
Connect the supplied power adapter here.
WAN port
(10/100BaseT)
Connect the DSL or Cable Modem here. If your modem came
with a cable, use the supplied cable. Otherwise, use a standard
LAN cable.
10/100BaseT
LAN connections
Use standard LAN cables (RJ45 connectors) to connect your
PCs to these ports.
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2
Chapter 2
Installation
This Chapter covers the physical installation of the Wireless Router.
Requirements

Network cables. Use standard 10/100BaseT network (UTP) cables with RJ45
connectors.

TCP/IP protocol must be installed on all PCs.

For Internet Access, an Internet Access account with an ISP, and a DSL connection.

To use the Wireless Access Point, all Wireless devices must be compliant with
the IEEE 802.11g or IEEE 802.11b specifications.
Procedure
Installation Diagram
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Installation
1. Choose an Installation Site
Select a suitable place on the network to install the Wireless Router.
For best Wireless reception and performance, the Wireless
Router should be positioned in a central location with minimum obstructions between the Wireless Router and the PCs.
Also, if using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access Points
should use different Channels.
2. Connect LAN Cables
Use standard LAN cables to connect PCs to the Switching Hub ports on the
Wireless Router. Both 10BaseT and 100BaseT connections can be used simultaneously.
3. Connect ADSL Cable
Connect the DSL or Cable modem to the WAN port on the Wireless Router.
Use the cable supplied with your DSL/Cable modem. If no cable was supplied,
use a standard cable.
4. Power Up
Connect the supplied power adapter to the Wireless Router. Use only the power adapter provided. Using a different one may cause hardware damage.
5. Check the LEDs

The Power LED should be ON.

The LAN LED should be ON (provided the PC is also ON.)

The Wireless LED should be ON if Wireless PC is connected.

The WAN LED should be ON an ADSL or Cable modem is connected.

The Internet LED may be OFF. If Internet connection is working, it will be ON.
For more information, refer to Front in Chapter 1.
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3
Chapter 3
Setup
This Chapter provides Setup details of the Wireless Router.
Overview
This chapter describes the setup procedure for:

Internet Access

LAN configuration

Wireless setup

Assigning a Password to protect the configuration data.
PCs on your local LAN may also require configuration. For details, see Chapter 4 PC Configuration.
Other configuration may also be required, depending on which features and functions of the Wireless Router you wish to use. Use the table below to locate detailed
instructions for the required functions.
To Do this:
Refer to:
Configure PCs on your LAN.
Chapter 4:
PC Configuration
Check Wireless Router operation and Status.
Chapter 5:
Operation and Status
Use any of the following Advanced features:
Chapter 6:
Advanced Features

Internet (DMZ, URL Filter)

Access Control

Dynamic DNS

Options

Schedule

Port Trigger

Single Port Forwarding

Port Range Forwarding

QoS
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Setup
Use any of the following Administration Configuration
settings or features:

PC Database

Config File

Logs

E-Mail

Diagnostics

Remote Administration

Routing

Upgrade Firmware
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Chapter 7:
Advanced Administration
Setup
Configuration Program
The Wireless Router contains an HTTP server. This enables you to connect to it,
and configure it, using your Web Browser. Your Browser must support JavaScript.

Internet Explorer 6 and above is recommended.
Preparation
Before attempting to configure the Wireless Router, please ensure that:

Your PC can establish a physical connection to the Wireless Router. The PC
and the Wireless Router must be directly connected (using the LAN ports on
the Wireless Router) or on the same LAN segment.

The Wireless Router must be installed and powered ON.

If the Wireless Router's default IP Address (192.168.0.1) is already used by
another device, the other device must be turned OFF until the Wireless Router
is allocated a new IP Address during configuration.
Using your Web Browser
To establish a connection from your PC to the Wireless Router:
1. After installing the Wireless Router in your LAN, start your PC. If your PC is
already running, restart it.
2. Start your WEB browser.
3. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the IP Address of the Wireless Router,
as in this example, which uses the Wireless Router's default IP Address:
http://192.168.0.1
4. When prompted for the User name and Password, enter values as follows:

User name
admin

Password
password
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Setup
If you can't connect
If the Wireless Router does not respond, check the following:

The Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN connection is OK, and it
is powered ON. You can test the connection by using the "Ping" command:

Open the MS-DOS window or command prompt window.

Enter the command:
ping 192.168.0.1
If no response is received, either the connection is not working, or
your PC's IP address is not compatible with the Wireless Router's IP
Address. (See next item.)

If your PC is using a fixed IP Address, its IP Address must be within the
range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 to be compatible with the Wireless
Router's default IP Address of 192.168.0.1. Also, the Network Mask
must be set to 255.255.255.0. See Chapter 4 - PC Configuration for details on checking your PC's TCP/IP settings.

Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same network
segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the case.)

Ensure you are using the wired LAN interface. The Wireless interface
can only be used if its configuration matches your PC's wireless settings.
Setup Wizard
The first time you connect to the Wireless Router, the Setup Wizard will run automatically. (The Setup Wizard will also run if the Wireless Router's default settings
are restored.)
1. Step through the Wizard until finished.

You need to know the type of Internet connection service used by your ISP.
Check the data supplied by your ISP.
 The common connection types are explained in the tables below.
2. On the final screen of the Wizard, run the test and check that an Internet connection can be established.
3. If the connection test fails:

Check your data, the Cable/DSL modem, and all connections.

Check that you have entered all data correctly.

If using a Cable modem, your ISP may have recorded the MAC (physical)
address of your PC. Run the Wizard, and use the "Copy from PC" button to
copy the MAC address from your PC to the Wireless Router.
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Setup
Common Connection Types
DSL Modems
Type
Details
ISP Data required
Dynamic
IP Address
Your IP Address is allocated automatically, when
you connect to you ISP.
None.
Static (Fixed)
IP Address
Your ISP allocates a permanent IP Address to you.
IP Address allocated to you.
PPPoE
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP
address is usually allocated
automatically.
User name and password.
PPTP, L2TP
PPTP is mainly used in
Europe.

Server IP Address.

User name and password.

IP Address allocated to
you, if Static (Fixed).
You connect to the ISP only
when required. The IP
address is usually allocated
automatically, but may be
Static (Fixed).
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Setup
Home Screen
After finishing the Setup Wizard, you will see the Home screen. When you connect
in future, you will see this screen when you connect. An example screen is shown
below.
Home Screen
Main Menu
The main menu, on the left, contains links to the most-commonly used screen. To
see the links to the other available screens, click "Advanced" or "Administration".
The main menu also contains two (2) buttons:

Log Out - When finished, you should click this button to logout.

Restart - Use this if you wish to restart the Wireless Router. Note that restarting the Router will break any existing connections to or through the Router.
Navigation & Data Input

Use the menu bar on the left of the screen, and the "Back" button on your
Browser, for navigation.

Changing to another screen without clicking "Save" does NOT save any
changes you may have made. You must "Save" before changing screens or
your data will be ignored.
On each screen, clicking the "Help" button will
display help for that screen.
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Setup
LAN Screen
Use the LAN link on the main menu to reach the LAN screen. An example screen is
shown below.
LAN Screen
Data - LAN Screen
TCP/IP
IP Address
IP address for the Wireless Router, as seen from the local LAN.
Use the default value unless the address is already in use or
your LAN is using a different IP address range. In the latter case,
enter an unused IP Address from within the range used by your
LAN.
Subnet Mask
The default value 255.255.255.0 is standard for small (class "C")
networks. For other networks, use the Subnet Mask for the LAN
segment to which the Wireless Router is attached (the same
value as the PCs on that LAN segment).
DHCP Server

If Enabled, the Wireless Router will allocate IP Addresses to
PCs (DHCP clients) on your LAN when they start up. The default (and recommended) value is Enabled.

If you are already using a DHCP Server, this setting must be
Disabled, and the existing DHCP server must be reconfigured to treat the Wireless Router as the default Gateway. See the following section for further details.

The Start IP Address, Finish IP Address and Lease Time
fields set the values used by the DHCP server when allocating IP Addresses to DHCP clients. This range also
determines the number of DHCP clients supported.
See the following section for further details on using DHCP.
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Setup
DHCP
What DHCP Does
A DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) Server allocates a valid IP address
to a DHCP Client (PC or device) upon request.

The client request is made when the client device starts up (boots).

The DHCP Server provides the Gateway and DNS addresses to the client, as
well as allocating an IP Address.

The Wireless Router can act as a DHCP server.

Windows 95/98/ME and other non-Server versions of Windows will act as a
DHCP client. This is the default Windows setting for the TCP/IP network protocol. However, Windows uses the term Obtain an IP Address automatically
instead of "DHCP Client".

You must NOT have two (2) or more DHCP Servers on the same LAN segment.
(If your LAN does not have other Routers, this means there must only be one (1)
DHCP Server on your LAN.)
Using the Wireless Router's DHCP Server
This is the default setting. The DHCP Server settings are on the LAN screen. On
this screen, you can:

Enable or Disable the Wireless Router's DHCP Server function.

Set the range of IP Addresses allocated to PCs by the DHCP Server function.
You can assign Fixed IP Addresses to some devices
while using DHCP, provided that the Fixed IP Addresses
are NOT within the range used by the DHCP Server.
Using another DHCP Server
You can only use one (1) DHCP Server per LAN segment. If you wish to use
another DHCP Server, rather than the Wireless Router's, the following procedure is
required.

Disable the DHCP Server feature in the Wireless Router. This setting is on the
LAN screen.

Configure the DHCP Server to provide the Wireless Router's IP Address as the
Default Gateway.
To Configure your PCs to use DHCP
This is the default setting for TCP/IP for all non-Server versions of Windows.
See Chapter 4 - Client Configuration for the procedure to check these settings.
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Setup
Mode Screen
Use this screen to change the mode between Router mode and Access Point mode.
Mode Screen
Select the desired option, and click "Save".
Router
In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all
your LAN users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing
an IP address and related information to all Wireless and LAN
users.
Access
Point
The device links your Wireless Stations to your wired LAN. The
Wireless stations and devices on the wired LAN are then on the
same network, and can communicate with each other without
regard for whether they are connected to the network via a Wireless
or wired connection.
You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to the Wireless clients using this Access Point.
Notes:

Generally, you should NOT use access point mode. Only select this mode if
you are sure this is what you want.

After changing the mode, this device will restart, which will take a few seconds.
The menu will also be changed, depending on the mode you are in.

For details on using Access Point Mode, see Chapter 8.
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Setup
Wireless - Options Screen
The Wireless Router's settings must match the other Wireless stations.
Note that the Wireless Router will automatically accept both 802.11b and 802.11g
connections, and no configuration is required for this feature.
To change the Wireless Router's default settings for the Wireless Access Point
feature, use the Wireless - Options link on the main menu to reach the Wireless Options screen. An example screen is shown below.
Wireless - Options Screen
Data – Wireless - Options Screen
Region
Region
Select the correct domain for your location. It is your responsibility to ensure:

That the Wireless ADSL Router is only used in domains for
which is licensed.

That you select the correct domain, so that only the legal
channels for that domain can be selected.
Multi SSID
SSID
With Multiple SSIDs, you can have 2 SSIDs on one AP. For
example, a Guest SSID without encryption for visitors to have
Internet access only, and a Primary SSID with encryption for
private use to secure your company resources.
Select the desired SSID from the list to configure.
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Setup
SSID 1/2
Broadcast
SSID
This is also called the "Network Name".

If using an ESS (Extended Service Set, with multiple access
points) this ID is called an ESSID (Extended Service Set
Identifier).

To communicate, all Wireless stations should use the same
SSID/ESSID.
If enabled, the Wireless ADSL Router will broadcast its SSID.
This allows PCs and other wireless stations to detect this Access
Point and use the correct SSID.
If disabled, PC users will have to manually enter the SSID and
other details of the wireless interface before they can connect to
this Access Point.
Isolation within
SSID
If Enabled, devices that have the same SSID will not be able to
see each other.
Security Setting
The current Wireless security is displayed. The default value is
Disabled.
Configure SSID
1/2 Button
Click this button to access the Wireless security sub-screen, and
view or change the settings. See the following section for details.
Options
802.11 Mode
Channel NO.
Select the desired mode:

Off - Wireless is disabled.

B only - Only 802.11b connections are available. 802.11g
Wireless Stations will only be able to use the Wireless Router if they are fully backward-compatible with the 802.11b
standard.

G only - Only 802.11g Wireless stations can use the Wireless Router.

11b/g - 802.11b and 802.11g Wireless stations can use the
Wireless Broadband Router.
Select the Channel you wish to use on your Wireless LAN.

If you experience interference (shown by lost connections
and/or slow data transfers) you may need to experiment with
different channels to see which is the best.

If using multiple Access Points, adjacent Access Points
should use different Channels to reduce interference.
Isolation
between SSID
If Enabled, devices that have the different SSIDs will not be able
to communicate with each other.
WMM Support
Enable by default.
Bandwidth
Select the desired bandwidth from the list.
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Setup
Wireless - Schedule
To conserve power usage, you can set the time when the wireless signal will be
deactivated. For example at night when there is no one using the wireless network.
Wireless – Schedule Screens
Wireless Schedule
Enable / Disable
This button Enables or Disables the Wireless Schedule function.
Set Schedule
Click this button to set the times that the Wireless signal will turn
On and Off.
For this feature to work, please ensure that you have set up the
NTP Server in the Advanced – Schedule page. The correct time
will be displayed if the NTP Server is set up.
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Setup
Wireless - MAC Filter
This function allows you to allow or deny access to Wireless stations using their
MAC Addresses.
Wireless – MAC Filter Screen
MAC Address Filter
Allow access
by …
Use this feature to determine which Wireless stations can use
the Access Point. The options are:
 All Wireless Stations - All wireless stations can use the
access point, provided they have the correct SSID and security settings.

Set Stations
Button
Trusted Wireless stations only - Only wireless stations you
designate as "Trusted" can use the Access Point, even if
they have the correct SSID and security settings.
This feature uses the MAC address to identify Wireless stations. The MAC address is a low-level network identifier
which is unique to each PC or network device.
To define the trusted wireless stations, use the "Set Stations"
button.
Click this button to manage the trusted PC Database.
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Setup
Wireless - MAC Filter - Trusted Wireless Stations
This feature can be used to prevent unknown Wireless stations from using the
Access Point. This list has no effect unless the setting Allow access by trusted
stations only is enabled.
Trusted Wireless Stations
Data - Trusted Wireless Stations
Trusted Wireless
Stations
This lists any Wireless Stations which you have designated
as “Trusted”.
Other Wireless
Stations
This list any Wireless Stations detected by the Access Point,
which you have not designated as "Trusted".
Name
The name assigned to the Trusted Wireless Station. Use this
when adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Trusted Wireless Station.
Use this when adding or editing a Trusted Station.
Buttons
<<
>>
Add a Trusted Wireless Station to the list (move from the
"Other Stations" list).

Select an entry (or entries) in the "Other Stations" list, and
click the " << " button.

Enter the Address (MAC or physical address) of the
wireless station, and click the "Add " button.
Delete a Trusted Wireless Station from the list (move to the
"Other Stations" list).

Select an entry (or entries) in the "Trusted Stations" list.

Click the " >> " button.
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Setup
Edit
Use this to change an existing entry in the "Trusted Stations"
list:
1. Select the Station in the Trusted Station list.
2. Click the Edit button. The address will be copied to the
"Address" field, and the Add button will change to Update.
3. Edit the address (MAC or physical address) as required.
4. Click Update to save your changes.
Add (Update)
To add a Trusted Station which is not in the "Other Wireless
Stations" list, enter the required data and click this button.
When editing an existing Wireless Station, this button will
change from Add to Update.
Clear
Clear the Name and Address fields.
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Setup
Wireless - WiFi Protected Setup (WPS)
WPS feature is following the Wi-Fi Alliance WPS standard and it eases the set up
of security-enabled Wi-Fi networks in the home and small office environment.
It reduces the user steps required to configure a network and supports two methods that are familiar to most consumers to configure a network and enable
security.
WiFi Protected Setup Screen
WiFi Protected Setup
Enable WPS
Enable this if you want to use Wireless WPS function.
AP PIN Code
Use the default displayed value or click the Regenerate button to
have the new pin code in the field. This is the code to be entered
on the wireless client.
Input Wireless
Client PIN
Code
Enter the wireless client’s PIN code in the field and click OK to
start pairing the client device.
Set your wireless adapter as Registrar and enter the same PIN number to initiate
the WPS function.
Screen from Wireless Adapter
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Setup
An alternative is to press the WPS button at the front of the router until the WLAN
light starts flashing. This indicates that WPS is activated and ready to be paired
with client device. The WPS will be in pairing mode (flashing) for 1 minute.
Then press and hold the WPS button on your wireless client for 1 second.
If your device has no physical WPS push button, then you can push the software
button in the utility.
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Setup
Wireless - Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
WDS operation as defined by the IEEE802.11 standard has been made available.
Using WDS it is possible to wirelessly connect Access Points, and in doing so
extend a wired infrastructure to locations where cabling is not possible or inefficient
to implement.
For maximum compatibility, it is recommended that WDS be set up using only the
same models, in this case, WBR-3408. Also note that the standard only supports
WEP encryption.
Wireless Distribution System Screen
WDS
Enable WDS
This feature allows you to make a completely wireless network
by using multiple access points without connecting them with a
wire LAN.
In order to make the WDS working successfully, the access point
must use the same channel (not Auto), SSID, as well as the
same wireless encryption method.
MAC Address
List
Enter the MAC address(es) of the AP(s) into the fields to allow
the following access points to be connected to the wireless
router.
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Setup
WDS Environment
Below is an example of how a WDS operates.
Wireless Distribution System
1. AP1, AP2 and AP3 are configured to use the same Channel and Security
settings.
2. Enter AP2 and AP3’s MAC addresses into AP1’s WDS MAC Address list.
3. AP1 and AP2 should connect via WDS, AP1 and AP3 should connect via
WDS.
4. Now the network client (STA) connects to AP2 or AP3 and obtains an IP
address from AP1’s DHCP Server.
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Setup
Wireless Security
This screen is accessed by clicking the "Configure" button on the Wireless - Options screen. There are 4 options for Wireless security:
Wireless Security Screen

Disabled - no data encryption is used.

WEP - data is encrypted using the WEP standard.

WPA-PSK - data is encrypted using the WPA-PSK standard. This is a later
standard than WEP, and provides much better security than WEP. If all your
Wireless stations support WPA-PSK, you should use WPA-PSK rather than
WEP.

WPA2-PSK - This is a further development of WPA-PSK, and offers even
greater security, using the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) method of encryption.

WPA-802.1x - This version of WPA requires a Radius Server on your LAN to
provide the client authentication according to the 802.1x standard. Data transmissions are encrypted using the WPA standard.
If this option is selected:

This Access Point must have a "client login" on the Radius Server.

Each user must have a "user login" on the Radius Server.

Each user's wireless client must support 802.1x and provide the login data
when required.

All data transmission is encrypted using the WPA standard. Keys are automatically generated, so no key input is required.
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Setup
WEP Wireless Security
WEP
Data - WEP Screen
WEP Data Encryption
Authentication
Type
Normally, this should be left at the default value of "Automatic".
If changed to "Open System" or "Shared Key", ensure that your
Wireless Stations use the same setting.
WEP Data
Encryption
Select the desired option, and ensure the Wireless Stations use
the same setting.
Key

64 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before being
transmitted. You must enter at least the default key. For 64
Bit Encryption, the key size is 10 chars in HEX (0~9 and
A~F).

128 Bit - data is encrypted, using the default key, before
being transmitted. You must enter at least the default key.
For 128 Bit Encryption, the key size is 26 chars in HEX (0~9
and A~F).
Select the key you wish to be the default. Transmitted data is
ALWAYS encrypted using the Default Key; the other Keys are for
decryption only.
You must enter a Key Value for the Default Key.
Key Value
Enter the key value or values you wish to use. The Key is required, the other keys are optional. Other stations must have the
same key.
Passphrase
If desired, you can generate a key from a phrase, instead of
entering the key value directly. Enter the desired phrase, and
click the "Generate Keys" button.
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Setup
WPA-PSK Wireless Security
WPA-PSK
Data - WPA-PSK Screen
Security
System
WPA-PSK
PSK
Enter the PSK (network key). Data is encrypted using a key
derived from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must
use the same network key. The PSK must be from 8 to 63
characters in length.
Encryption
The WPA-PSK standard allows different encryption methods to
be used. Select the desired option. Wireless Stations must use
the same encryption method.
Like WEP, data is encrypted before transmission. WPA is more
secure than WEP, and should be used if possible. WPA-PSK is
the version of WPA, which does NOT require a Radius Server
on your LAN.
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Setup
WPA2-PSK Wireless Security
WPA2-PSK
Data - WPA2-PSK Screen
Authentication
WPA2-PSK
This is a further development of WPA-PSK, and offers even
greater security.
PSK
Enter the PSK (network key). Data is encrypted using a key
derived from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must
use the same network key. The PSK must be from 8 to 63
characters in length.
Encryption
The WPA2-PSK standard allows different encryption methods
to be used. Select the desired option. Wireless Stations must
use the same encryption method.
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Setup
WPA / WPA2-802.1x Wireless Security
WPA / WPA2-802.1x
Data – WPA / WPA2-802.1x Screen
Server Address
Enter the server address here.
Radius Port
Enter the port number used for connections to the Radius
Server.
Shared Key
Enter the shared key. Data is encrypted using a key derived
from the network key. Other Wireless Stations must use the
same key. The key must be from 8 to 63 characters in length.
Encryption
The encryption method is TKIP. Wireless Stations must also
use TKIP.
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Setup
Password Screen
The password screen allows you to assign a password to the Wireless Router.
Password Screen
Old Password
Enter the existing password in this field.
New password
Enter the new password here.
Verify password
Re-enter the new password here.
You will be prompted for the password when you connect, as shown below.
Password Dialog

The "User Name" is always admin

Enter the password for the Wireless Router, as set on the Password screen
above.
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Chapter 4
PC Configuration
4
This Chapter details the PC Configuration required on the local ("Internal") LAN.
Overview
For each PC, the following may need to be configured:

TCP/IP network settings

Internet Access configuration

Wireless configuration
Windows Clients
This section describes how to configure Windows clients for Internet access via the
Wireless Router.
The first step is to check the PC's TCP/IP settings.
The Wireless Router uses the TCP/IP network protocol for all functions, so it is
essential that the TCP/IP protocol be installed and configured on each PC.
TCP/IP Settings - Overview
If using the default Wireless Router settings, and the default Windows
TCP/IP settings, no changes need to be made.

By default, the Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server, automatically providing a suitable IP Address (and related information) to each PC when the PC
boots.

For all non-Server versions of Windows, the default TCP/IP setting is to act as
a DHCP client.
If using a Fixed (specified) IP address, the following changes are
required:

The Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless Router

The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP.
If your LAN has a Router, the LAN Administrator must reconfigure the Router itself. Refer to Chapter 8 - Advanced
Setup for details.
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PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows NT4.0
1. Select Control Panel - Network, and, on the Protocols tab, select the TCP/IP
protocol, as shown below.
Windows NT4.0 - TCP/IP
2. Click the Properties button to see a screen like the one below.
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PC Configuration
Windows NT4.0 - IP Address
3. Select the network card for your LAN.
4. Select the appropriate radio button - Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server
or Specify an IP Address, as explained below.
Obtain an IP address from a DHCP Server
This is the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the
Wireless Router will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.
Specify an IP Address
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before
making the following changes.
1. The Default Gateway must be set to the IP address of the Wireless Router. To
set this:

Click the Advanced button on the screen above.

On the following screen, click the Add button in the Gateways panel, and
enter the Wireless Router's IP address, as shown below.

If necessary, use the Up button to make the Wireless Router the first entry
in the Gateways list.
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PC Configuration
Windows NT4.0 - Add Gateway
2. The DNS should be set to the address provided by your ISP, as follows:

Click the DNS tab.

On the DNS screen, shown below, click the Add button (under DNS Service Search Order), and enter the DNS provided by your ISP.
Windows NT4.0 - DNS
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PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows 2000:
1. Select Control Panel - Network and Dial-up Connection.
2. Right - click the Local Area Connection icon and select Properties. You should
see a screen like the following:
Network Configuration (Win 2000)
3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
TCP/IP Properties (Win 2000)
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PC Configuration
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct, as described below.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is
the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless
Router will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before
making the following changes.

Enter the Wireless Router's IP address in the Default gateway field and click
OK. (Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to
the Wireless Router.)

If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then
click OK.
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PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows XP
1. Select Control Panel - Network Connection.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection and choose Properties. You should see a
screen like the following:
Network Configuration (Windows XP)
3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
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PC Configuration
TCP/IP Properties (Windows XP)
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is
the default Windows setting. Using this is recommended. By default, the Wireless
Router will act as a DHCP Server.
Restart your PC to ensure it obtains an IP Address from the Wireless Router.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured, check with your network administrator before
making the following changes.

In the Default gateway field, enter the Wireless Router's IP address and click
OK. Your LAN administrator can advise you of the IP Address they assigned to
the Wireless Router.

If the DNS Server fields are empty, select Use the following DNS server addresses, and enter the DNS address or addresses provided by your ISP, then
click OK.
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PC Configuration
Checking TCP/IP Settings - Windows Vista
1. Select Control Panel - Network Connections.
2. Right click the Local Area Connection Status and choose Properties. Click
Continue to the User Account Control dialog box, then you should see a screen
like the following:
Network Configuration (Windows Vista)
3. Select the TCP/IP protocol for your network card.
4. Click on the Properties button. You should then see a screen like the following.
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PC Configuration
TCP/IP Properties (Windows Vista)
5. Ensure your TCP/IP settings are correct.
Using DHCP
To use DHCP, select the radio button Obtain an IP Address automatically. This is
the default Windows setting. To work correctly, you need a DHCP server on your
LAN.
Using a fixed IP Address ("Use the following IP Address")
If your PC is already configured for a fixed (specified) IP address, no changes are
required.
(The Administrator should configure the Wireless Access Point with a fixed IP
address from the same address range used on the PCs.)
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PC Configuration
Internet Access
To configure your PCs to use the Wireless Router for Internet access:

Ensure that the DSL modem, Cable modem, or other permanent connection is
functional.

Use the following procedure to configure your Browser to access the Internet
via the LAN, rather than by a Dial-up connection.
For Windows 2000
1. Select Start Menu - Settings - Control Panel - Internet Options.
2. Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
3. Select "I want to set up my Internet connection manually, or I want to connect
through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
4. Select "I connect through a local area network (LAN)" and click Next.
5. Ensure all of the boxes on the following Local area network Internet Configuration screen are unchecked.
6. Check the "No" option when prompted "Do you want to set up an Internet mail
account now?".
7. Click Finish to close the Internet Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows XP
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Select Start Menu - Control Panel - Network and Internet Connections.
Select Set up or change your Internet Connection.
Select the Connection tab, and click the Setup button.
Cancel the pop-up "Location Information" screen (optional).
Click Next on the "New Connection Wizard" screen.
Select "Connect to the Internet" and click Next.
Select "Set up my connection manually" and click Next.
Check "Connect using a broadband connection that is always on" and click
Next.
9. Click Finish to close the New Connection Wizard.
Setup is now completed.
For Windows Vista
You might already be connected to the Internet if your PC is connected to a local
area network. Open your web browser and try accessing a website to find out.
1. Select Start - Control Panel - Network and Internet.
2. Select Network and Sharing Center.
3. Select Set up a connection or network
4. Select Connect to the Internet.
5. Select the desired method to fit your environment.
Accessing AOL
To access AOL (America On Line) through the Wireless Router, the AOL for Windows software must be configured to use TCP/IP network access, rather than a
dial-up connection. The configuration process is as follows:

Start the AOL for Windows communication software. Ensure that it is Version
2.5, 3.0 or later. This procedure will not work with earlier versions.
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PC Configuration

Click the Setup button.

Select Create Location, and change the location name from "New Locality" to
"Wireless Router".

Click Edit Location. Select TCP/IP for the Network field. (Leave the Phone
Number blank.)

Click Save, then OK.
Configuration is now complete.

Before clicking "Sign On", always ensure that you are using the "Wireless
Router" location.
Macintosh Clients
From your Macintosh, you can access the Internet via the Wireless Router. The
procedure is as follows.
1. Open the TCP/IP Control Panel.
2. Select Ethernet from the Connect via pop-up menu.
3. Select Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu. The DHCP Client
ID field can be left blank.
4. Close the TCP/IP panel, saving your settings.
Note:
If using manually assigned IP addresses instead of DHCP, the required changes
are:

Set the Router Address field to the Wireless Router's IP Address.

Ensure your DNS settings are correct.
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PC Configuration
Linux Clients
To access the Internet via the Wireless Router, it is only necessary to set the
Wireless Router as the "Gateway".
Ensure you are logged in as "root" before attempting any changes.
Fixed IP Address
By default, most Unix installations use a fixed IP Address. If you wish to continue
using a fixed IP Address, make the following changes to your configuration.

Set your "Default Gateway" to the IP Address of the Wireless Router.

Ensure your DNS (Name server) settings are correct.
To act as a DHCP Client (recommended)
The procedure below may vary according to your version of Linux and X -windows
shell.
1. Start your X Windows client.
2. Select Control Panel - Network
3. Select the "Interface" entry for your Network card. Normally, this will be called
"eth0".
4. Click the Edit button, set the "protocol" to "DHCP", and save this data.
5. To apply your changes

Use the "Deactivate" and "Activate" buttons, if available.

OR, restart your system.
Other Unix Systems
To access the Internet via the Wireless Router:
 Ensure the "Gateway" field for your network card is set to the IP Address of the
Wireless Router.

Ensure your DNS (Name Server) settings are correct.
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PC Configuration
Wireless Station Configuration
This section applies to all Wireless stations wishing to use the Wireless Router's
Access Point, regardless of the operating system which is used on the client.
To use the Wireless Access Point in the Wireless Router, each Wireless Station
must have compatible settings, as follows:
Mode
The mode must be set to Infrastructure (rather than Ad-hoc)
Access points only operate in Infrastructure mode.
SSID (ESSID)
This must match the value used on the Wireless Router.
Note! The SSID is case sensitive.
Wireless
Security
By default, Wireless security on the Wireless Router is disabled.

If Wireless security remains disabled on the Wireless Router,
all stations must have wireless security disabled.

If Wireless security is enabled on the Wireless Router, each
station must use the same settings as the Wireless Router.
Wireless Configuration on Windows XP
If using Windows XP to configure the Wireless interface on your PC, the configuration procedure is as follows:
1. Open the Network Connections folder. (Start - Settings - Network Connections).
Network Connections (Windows XP)
2. Right-click the Wireless Network Connection, check that it is enabled (menu
option says Disable, rather than Enable) and then select View Available Wireless Networks.
3. You will then see a list of wireless networks.
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PC Configuration
Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the Wireless Router
has been disabled, its SSID will NOT be listed.
See the following section "If the SSID is not listed" for
details of dealing with this situation.
4. The next step depends on whether or not Wireless security has been enabled
on the Wireless Router.
If Wireless Security is Disabled
If Wireless security on the Wireless Router is disabled, Windows will warn you that
the Wireless network is not secure.
Insecure Wireless Network (Windows XP)
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PC Configuration
To connect:

Check the checkbox Allow me to connect to the selected wireless network,
even though it is not secure.

The Connect button will then be available. Click the Connect button, and wait a
few seconds for the connection to be established.
If using WEP Data Encryption
If WEP data encryption has been enabled on the Wireless Router, Windows will
detect this, and show a screen like the following.
WEP (Windows XP)
To connect:

Enter the WEP key, as set on the Wireless Router, in the Network Key field.

Re-enter the WEP key into the Confirm Network key field.

Disable the checkbox Enable IEEE 802.1x authentication for this network.

Click the Connect button.
If this fails, click the Advanced button, to see a screen like the following:
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PC Configuration
Figure 34: Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the Wireless Router, and click Configure, to see a screen like
the following:
Wireless Network Properties - WEP
Configure this screen as follows:

Set Network Authentication to match the Wireless Router. (If the setting on the
Wireless Router is "Auto", then either Open or Shared can be used.)

For Data Encryption, select WEP.
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PC Configuration

For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the default key value
used on the Wireless Router. (Windows will determine if 64bit or 128bit encryption is used.)

The Key index must match the default key index on the Wireless Router. The
default value is 1.

Ensure the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a
computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network are unchecked.

Click OK to save and close this dialog.

This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen
below.
Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless Router.
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PC Configuration
If using WPA-PSK Data Encryption
If WPA-PSK data encryption has been enabled on the Wireless Router, it does not
matter which network is selected on the screen below. Just click the Advanced
button.
Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
You will then see a screen like the example below.
Advanced - Wireless Networks
Select the SSID for the Wireless Router, and click Configure, to see a screen like
the following:
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PC Configuration
Wireless Network Properties- WPA-PSK
Configure this screen as follows:

Set Network Authentication to WPA-PSK.

For Data Encryption, select TKIP.

For the Network key and Confirm network key, enter the network key (PSK)
used on the Wireless Router.

Ensure the option This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network is unchecked.

Click OK to save and close this dialog.

This wireless network will now be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen
below.
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PC Configuration
Preferred Networks
Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless Router.
If the SSID is not listed
If the "Broadcast SSID" setting on the Wireless Router has been disabled, its SSID
will NOT be listed on the screen below.
Wireless Networks (Windows XP)
In this situation, you need to obtain the SSID from your network administrator, then
follow this procedure:
1. Click the Advanced button to see a screen like the example below.
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PC Configuration
Unlisted Wireless Network
2. Click the Add button. You will see a screen like the example below.
Add Wireless Network
3. Configure this screen as follows:

Enter the correct SSID, as used on the Wireless Router. Remember the
SSID is case-sensitive, so be sure to match the case, not just the spelling.

Set Network Authentication and Data Encryption to match the Wireless
Router.
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PC Configuration

If using data encryption (WEP or WPA-PSK), enter the key used on the
Wireless Router. See the preceding sections for details of WEP and WPAPSK.

Uncheck the options The key is provided for me automatically and This is a
computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network.
 Click OK to save and exit.
4. This wireless network will then be listed in Preferred Networks on the screen
below.
Preferred Networks
5. Click OK to establish a connection to the Wireless Router.
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Chapter 5
Operation and Status
5
This Chapter details the operation of the Wireless Router and the
status screens. For Details of operation in Bridge (Modem) mode,
see Chapter 8 - Modem Mode.
Operation - Router Mode
Once both the Wireless Router and the PCs are configured, operation is
automatic.
However, there are some situations where additional Internet configuration may be
required. Refer to Chapter 6 - Advanced Features for further details.
Status Screen
Use the Status link on the main menu to view this screen.
Status Screen
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Operation and Status
Data - Status Screen
Internet
Connection Method
Displays the current connection method, as set in the Setup
Wizard.
Connection Status
This indicates the current status of the Internet Connection

Active - Connection exists

Idle - No current connection, but no error has been
detected. This condition normally arises when an idle
connection is automatically terminated.

Failed - The connection was terminated abnormally.
This could be caused by Modem failure, or the loss of
the connection to the ISP's server.
If there is an error, you can click the "Connection Details"
button to find out more information.
Internet IP Address
This IP Address is allocated by the ISP (Internet Service
Provider). If using a dynamic IP address, and no connection
currently exists, this information is unavailable.
WAN MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the WAN.
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection. Depending on the
type of connection, a "log" may also be available.
LAN
IP Address
The IP Address of the Wireless Router.
Network Mask
The Network Mask (Subnet Mask) for the IP Address
above.
DHCP Server
This shows the status of the DHCP Server function. The
value will be "Enabled" or "Disabled".
MAC Address
This shows the MAC Address for the Wireless Router, as
seen on the LAN interface.
PC Database
Click this button to access the PC Database feature.
Wireless
Region
The current region, as set on the Wireless screen.
Channel
This shows the Channel currently used, as set on the Wireless screen.
Wireless AP
This indicates whether or not the Wireless Access Point
feature is enabled.
SSID 1/2
It displays the name of the SSID 1/2.
Broadcast Name
This indicates whether or not the SSID is Broadcast. This
setting is on the Wireless screen.
MAC Address
The MAC (physical) address of the Wireless Access Point.
Wireless Schedule
Indicates whether the Wireless On/Off Schedule is Enabled.
You can also use the button to Enable or Disable this feature.
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Operation and Status
System
Device Name
The current name of the Router. This name is also the
"hostname" for users with an "@Home" type connection.
Firmware Version
The version of the current firmware installed.
Current Time
It displays the current time of the system.
Buttons
Connection Details
Click this button to open a sub-window and view a detailed
description of the current connection.
Refresh Screen
Update the data displayed on screen.
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Operation and Status
Connection Status - PPPoE
If using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), a screen like the following example will be
displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
PPPoE Status Screen
Data - PPPoE Screen
Connection Time
This indicates how long the current connection has been
established.
Connection to
Server
This indicates whether or not the connection is currently
established.
Negotiation
This indicates the status of the Server login.
Authentication
This indicates the authentication currently used.
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users.
This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
Network Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
Close
Close this window.
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Operation and Status
Connection Status - PPTP
If using PPTP (Peer-to-Peer Tunneling Protocol), a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
PPTP Status Screen
Data - PPTP Status Screen
Connection
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
PPTP Server IP
The IP Address of the PPTP server.
DNS Server
This indicates the DNS address provided by your ISP.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, terminate the connection.
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Operation and Status
Connection Status - L2TP
If using L2TP, a screen like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is clicked.
L2TP Status Screen
Data - L2TP Screen
L2TP Status
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
L2TP Server IP
The IP Address of the L2TP server.
DNS Server
This indicates the DNS address provided by your ISP.
Buttons
Connect
If not connected, establish a connection to your ISP.
Disconnect
If connected to your ISP, hang up the connection.
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Operation and Status
Connection Details - Dynamic IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a Dynamic IP address, a screen
like the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is
clicked.
Connection Details - Fixed/Dynamic IP Address
Data - Dynamic IP address
Internet
IP Address
The current IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet
users. This address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service
Provider).
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP address of the remote Gateway or Router associated
with the IP Address above.
DNS Server
The IP address of the Domain Name Server which is currently
used.
DHCP Server
The IP address of your ISP's DHCP Server.
Lease Obtained
Lease Expires
This indicates when the current IP address was obtained, and
how long before this IP address allocation (the DCHP lease)
expires.
Buttons
Release
If an IP Address has been allocated to the Wireless Broadband
Router (by the ISP's DHCP Server, clicking the "Release"
button will break the connection and release the IP Address.
Renew
If the ISP's DHCP Server has NOT allocated an IP Address for
the Wireless Broadband Router, clicking the "Renew" button
will attempt to re-establish the connection and obtain an IP
Address from the ISP's DHCP Server.
Close
Close this window.
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Operation and Status
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address
If your access method is "Direct" (no login), with a fixed IP address, a screen like
the following example will be displayed when the "Connection Details" button is
clicked.
Connection Details - Fixed IP Address
Data - Fixed IP address Screen
Fixed IP Address
IP Address
The IP Address of this device, as seen by Internet users. This
address is allocated by your ISP (Internet Service Provider).
Subnet Mask
The Subnet Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Default Gateway
The IP Address of the remote Gateway or Router associated
with the IP Address above.
DNS Server
The IP Address of the Domain Name Server which is currently
used.
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Chapter 6
Advanced Features
6
This Chapter explains when and how to use the Wireless Router's
"Advanced" Features.
Overview
The following advanced features are provided:

Internet:

DMZ

URL filter

Access Control

Dynamic DNS

Options

Schedule

Port Trigger

Single Port Forwarding

Port Range Forwarding

QoS
Internet
This screen provides access to the DMZ, Special Applications and URL Filter
features.
Internet Screen
DMZ
This feature, if enabled, allows the DMZ computer on your LAN to be exposed to all
users on the Internet.

This allows almost any application to be used on the "DMZ PC".

The "DMZ PC" will receive all "Unknown" connections and data.
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Advanced Features

If the DMZ feature is enabled, you must enter IP address of the PC to be used
as the "DMZ PC".
The "DMZ PC" is effectively outside the Firewall, making it more vulnerable to attacks. For this reason, you
should only enable the DMZ feature when required.
URL Filter
If you want to limit access to certain sites on the Internet, you can use this feature.
The URL filter will check each Web site access. If the address, or part of the address, is included in the block site list, access will be denied.
On the Advanced Internet screen, select the desired setting:

Disable - disable this feature.

Block Always - allow blocking all of the time, independent of the Schedule
page.

Block By Schedule - block according to the settings on the Schedule page.
Click the Configure URL Filter button to open the URL Filter screen, allowing you
to create or modify the filter strings which determine which sites will be blocked.
The URL Filter screen is displayed when the Configure URL Filter button on the
Advanced Internet screen is clicked.
URL Filter Screen
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Advanced Features
Data - URL Filter Screen
Current Filter Strings
Current Filter
Strings
Add Filter
String
The list contains the current list of items to block.

To add to the list, use the "Add" option below.

To delete an entry, select it and click Delete button.

To delete all entries, click the Delete All button.
To add to the current list, type the word or domain name you
want to block into the field provided, then click the Add button.
Filter strings should be as specific as possible. Otherwise, you
may block access to many more sites than intended.
Trusted PC
Allow this PC
to Visit
Blocked Sites
Enable this to allow one computer to have unrestricted access to
the Internet. For this PC, the URL filter will be ignored.
Trusted PC
Select the PC to be the Trusted PC.
If enabled, you must select the PC to be the trusted PC.
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Advanced Features
Dynamic DNS (Domain Name Server)
This free service is very useful when combined with the Virtual Server feature. It
allows Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers using a URL, rather than an
IP Address.
This also solves the problem of having a dynamic IP address. With a dynamic IP
address, your IP address may change whenever you connect, which makes it
difficult to connect to you.
DDNS Services work as follows:
1. You must register for the service at one of the listed DDNS Service providers.
2. After registration, use the Service provider's normal procedure to obtain your
desired Domain name.
3. Enter your DDNS data on the Wireless Router's DDNS screen, and enable the
DDNS feature.
4. The Wireless Router will then automatically ensure that your current IP Address
is recorded at the DDNS service provider's Domain Name Server.
5. From the Internet, users will be able to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ
PC) using your Domain name, as shown on this screen.
Dynamic DNS Screen
Select Advanced on the main menu, then Dynamic DNS, to see a screen like the
following:
DDNS Screen
Data - Dynamic DNS Screen
DDNS Service
Use a Dynamic
DNS Service
Use this to enable or disable the DDNS feature as required.
Service Provider
Select the desired DDNS Service provider.
Web Site
Click this button to open a new window and connect to the Web
site of the selected DDNS service provider.
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Advanced Features
DDNS Data
Host Name
Enter the domain name allocated to you by the DDNS Service.
If you have more than one name, enter the name you wish to
use.
User Name
Enter your Username for the DDNS Service. (TZO.com uses
your E-mail address.)
Password
Enter your current password for the DDNS Service. (TZO.com
calls this a key.)
DDNS Status

This message is returned by the DDNS Server.

Normally, this message should be "Update successful"

If the message indicates some problem, you need to
connect to the DDNS Service provider and correct this
problem.
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Advanced Features
Options
This screen allows advanced users to enter or change a number of settings. For
normal operation, there is no need to use this screen or change any settings.
An example Options screen is shown below.
Options Screen
Data - Options Screen
Internet
Respond to
Ping
MTU Size

If checked, the Wireless Router will respond to Ping (ICMP)
packets received from the Internet.

If not checked, Ping (ICMP) packets from the Internet will be
ignored. Disabling this option provides a slight increase in
security.
Enter a value between 600 and 1500.
Note: MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit) size should only be
changed if advised to do so by Technical Support.
UPnP
Enable UPnP

UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) allows automatic discovery
and configuration of equipment attached to your LAN. UPnP
is by supported Windows ME, XP, Vista or later.

If Enabled, this device will be visible via UPnP.

If Disabled, this device will not be visible via UPnP.
Advertisement
Period
Enter the desired value, in minutes. The valid range is from 1 to
1440.
Advertisement
Time to Live
Enter the desired value, in hops. The valid range is from 1 to
255.
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Advanced Features
Schedule
This Schedule can be used for the Firewall Rules and the URL filter.
Schedule Screen
Data - Schedule Screen
Schedule
Day
Each day of the week can be scheduled independently.
Session 1
Session 2
Two (2) separate sessions or periods can be defined. Session
2 can be left blank if not required.
Start
Enter the start using a 24 hr clock.
Finish
Enter the finish time using a 24 hr clock.
Local Time
Time Zone
In order to display your local time correctly, you must select
your "Time Zone" from the list.
Adjust for Daylight Savings
Time
If your region uses Daylight Savings Time, you must manually
check "Adjust for Daylight Savings Time" at the beginning of
the adjustment period, and uncheck it at the end of the Daylight Savings period.
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Advanced Features
Use this NTP
Server
If you prefer to use a particular NTP server as the primary NTP
server, check the checkbox "Use this NTP Server" and enter
the Server's IP address in the fields provided.
If this setting is not enabled, the default NTP Servers are used.
Current Time
This displays the current time on the Wireless Router, at the
time the page is loaded.
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Advanced Features
Port Trigger
If you use Internet applications which use non-standard connections or port numbers, you may find that they do not function correctly because they are blocked by
the Wireless Router's firewall. In this case, you can define the application as a "Port
Trigger".
The Port Trigger screen can be reached by clicking the Port Trigger on the screen.
You can then define your Port Trigger. You will need detailed information about the
application; this is normally available from the supplier of the application.
Also, note that the terms "Incoming" and "Outgoing" on this screen refer to traffic
from the client (PC) viewpoint
Port Trigger Screen
Data - Port Trigger Screen
Port Trigger
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable this Special Application as
required.
Name
Enter a descriptive name to identify this Special Application.
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Advanced Features
Outgoing
Ports
Incoming
Ports

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you
send data to the remote system or service.

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers
used by the application server, for data you send to it. If
the application uses a single port number, enter it in both
the "Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used
by the application server, for data you send to it. If the
application uses a single port number, enter it in both the
"Start" and "Finish" fields.

Type - Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used when you
receive data from the special application or service.
(Note: Some applications use different protocols for outgoing and incoming data).

Start - Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers
used by the application server, for data you receive. If the
application uses a single port number, enter it in both the
"Start" and "Finish" fields.

Finish - Enter the end of the range of port numbers used
by the application server, for data you receive.
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Advanced Features
Single Port Forwarding
This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users.
Normally, Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:

Your Server does not have a valid external IP Address.

Attempts to connect to devices on your LAN are blocked by the firewall in this
device.
Figure 1: Single Port Forwarding Screen
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Advanced Features
Data - Single Port Forwarding Screen
Single Port Forwarding
Application
Enter the desired application type.
External Port
Traffic from the Internet using this port number will be sent to
the Server. This is normally the same as the Internal Port
Number. If it is different, this device will perform a "mapping"
or "translation" function, allowing the server to use a different
port to the clients.
Internal Port
Enter the port numbers which the Server software is configured to use.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP or UDP) used by the Server.
IP Address
Enter the desired IP address.
Enabled
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as
required.
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Advanced Features
Port Range Forwarding
This feature allows you to make Servers on your LAN accessible to Internet users.
Normally, Internet users would not be able to access a server on your LAN because:
Port Range Forwarding Screen
Data - Port Range Forwarding Screen
Port Range Forwarding
Application
Enter the desired application type.
Start
Enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used by the
application server.
End
Enter the end of the range of port numbers used by the
application server.
Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or Both) used by the Server.
IP Address
Enter the desired IP address.
Enable
Use this to Enable or Disable support for this Server, as
required.
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Advanced Features
QoS
The QoS (Quality of Service) feature allows you specify priorities for different traffic.
Lower priority traffic will be slowed down to allow greater throughput or less delay
for high priority traffic.
An example QoS screen is shown below.
QoS Screen
Data - QoS Screen
QoS Setting
QoS Setting
To disable QoS (Quality of Service), keep the default setting,
Disable. To enable QoS (Quality of Service), click Enable and
follow these instructions.
Management
Type
There are 2 options:

Rate Control - The QoS will be managed by the size of the
bandwidth.

Priority - The QoS will be managed by the priority.
Note: Rate Control and Priority cannot be used simultaneously.
Bandwidth
Enter the desired value of the bandwidth.
For QoS to function properly, the correct value or your Internet
bandwidth is required. Please check with your Service Provider if
you are unsure.
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Advanced Features
Category
Applications:


Add a New Application (Once selected, please complete
the following setups.)

Ip/Net: Enter the IP address.

Rate: Enter the desired rate value.

Priority: Select the desired option (High, Normal, Low)

Direct: Select Upstream or Downstream as required.
Self-Define

Name: Enter a name for your device.

Port Range: Enter the value for the desired port range.

Protocol: Select the desired option.

Ip/Net: Enter the IP address of your device.

Rate: Enter the desired rate value.

Priority: Select the option (High, Normal, Low) from the
list.

Direct: Select Upstream or Downstream as required.
Summary
Priority
The general Information of this Application or IP Address.
Name
The Name of this Application or IP Address.
Information
The general Information of this Application or IP Address.
Note: Rate Control and Priority methods cannot be used at the same time.
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Chapter 7
Advanced Administration
7
This Chapter explains the settings available via the "Administration"
section of the menu.
Overview
Normally, it is not necessary to use these screens, or change any settings. These
screens and settings are provided to deal with non-standard situations, or to provide additional options for advanced users.
The available settings and features are:
PC Database
This is the list of PCs shown when you select the "DMZ PC"
or a "Virtual Server". This database is maintained automatically, but you can add and delete entries for PCs which use
a Fixed (Static) IP Address.
Config File
Backup or restore the configuration file for the Wireless
Router. This file contains all the configuration data.
Logs & E-mail
View or clear all logs, set E-Mailing of log files and alerts.
Diagnostics
Perform a Ping or DNS Lookup.
Remote Admin
Allow settings to be changed from the Internet.
Routing
Only required if your LAN has other Routers or Gateways.
Upgrade Firmware
Upgrade the Firmware (software) installed in your Wireless
Router.
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Advanced Administration
PC Database
The PC Database is used whenever you need to select a PC (e.g. for the "DMZ"
PC).

It eliminates the need to enter IP addresses.

Also, you do not need to use fixed IP addresses on your LAN.
However, if you do use a fixed IP address on some devices on your LAN, you
should enter details of each such device into the PC database, using the PC Database screen.
PC Database Screen
An example PC Database screen is shown below.
PC Database

PCs which are "DHCP Clients" are automatically added to the database, and
updated as required.

By default, non-Server versions of Windows act as "DHCP Clients"; this setting
is called "Obtain an IP Address automatically".

The Wireless Router uses the "Hardware Address" to identify each PC, not the
name or IP address. The "Hardware Address" can only change if you change
the PC's network card or adapter.

This system means you do NOT need to use Fixed (static) IP addresses on
your LAN. However, you can add PCs using Fixed (static) IP Addresses to the
PC database if required.
Data - PC Database Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address)
type. The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the
LAN.
Button
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Advanced
Click this to view the advanced "PC Database" screen.
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Advanced Administration
PC Database (Admin)
This screen is displayed if the "Advanced " button on the PC Database is clicked. It
provides more control than the standard PC Database screen.
PC Database (Admin)
Data - PC Database (Admin) Screen
Known PCs
This lists all current entries. Data displayed is name (IP Address)
type. The "type" indicates whether the PC is connected to the
LAN.
Edit
Use this to change the data for the selected PC in the list. The
data for the selected PC will then be shown in the "Properties"
area, where it may be edited. (Click "Update" to save any
changes.)
Delete
Use this to Delete the selected PC from the list. This should be
done in 2 situations:

The PC has been removed from your LAN.

The entry is incorrect.
PC Properties
Name
If adding a new PC to the list, enter its name here. It is best if this
matches the PC's "hostname".
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Advanced Administration
IP Address
MAC Address
Select the appropriate option:

Automatic - The PC is set to be a DHCP client (Windows:
"Obtain an IP address automatically"). The Wireless Router
will allocate an IP address to this PC when requested to do
so. The IP address could change, but normally won't.

DCHP Client - Reserved IP Address - Select this if the PC
is set to be a DCHP client, and you wish to guarantee that
the Wireless Router will always allocate the same IP Address to this PC.
Enter the required IP address. Only the last field is required;
the other fields must match the Wireless Router's IP address.

Fixed IP Address - Select this if the PC is using a Fixed
(Static) IP address. Enter the IP address allocated to the PC.
(The PC must be configured to use this IP address.)
Select the appropriate option

Automatic discovery - Select this to have the Wireless
Router contact the PC and find its MAC address. This is only
possible if the PC is connected to the LAN and powered On.

MAC address is - Enter the MAC address on the PC. The
MAC address is also called the "Hardware Address", "Physical Address", or "Network Adapter Address". The Broadband
Router uses this to provide a unique identifier for each PC.
Because of this, the MAC address can NOT be left blank.
Buttons
Add as New
Entry
Add a new PC to the list, using the data in the "Properties" box.
If "Automatic discovery" (for MAC address) is selected, the PC
will be sent a "ping" to determine its hardware address. This will
fail unless the PC is connected to the LAN, and powered on.
Update Selected PC
Update (modify) the selected PC, using the data in the "Properties" box.
Clear Form
Clear the "Properties" box, ready for entering data for a new PC.
Refresh
Update the data on screen.
Standard
Screen
Click this to view the standard PC Database screen.
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Advanced Administration
Config File
This feature allows you to download the current settings from the Wireless Router,
and save them to a file on your PC.
You can restore a previously-downloaded configuration file to the Wireless Router,
by uploading it to the Wireless Router.
This screen also allows you to set the Wireless Router back to its factory default
configuration. Any existing settings will be deleted.
An example Config File screen is shown below.
Config File Screen
Data - Config File Screen
Backup Config
Use this to download a copy of the current configuration, and
store the file on your PC. Click Backup to start the download.
Restore Config
This allows you to restore a previously-saved configuration file
back to the Wireless Router.
Click Browse to select the configuration file, then click Restore to
upload the configuration file.
WARNING!
Uploading a configuration file will destroy (overwrite) ALL of the
existing settings.
Default Config
Clicking the Factory Defaults button will reset the Wireless
Router to its factory default settings.
WARNING!
This will delete ALL of the existing settings.
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Advanced Administration
Logs
The Logs record various types of activity on the Wireless Router. This data is useful
for troubleshooting, but enabling all logs will generate a large amount of data and
adversely affect performance.
Since only a limited amount of log data can be stored in the Wireless Router, log
data can also be E-mailed to your PC. Use the E-Mail screen to configure this
feature.
Logs Screen
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Advanced Administration
Data - Logs Screen
Logs
Current Time
The current time on the Wireless Router is displayed.
Log Data
Current log data is displayed in this panel.
Buttons
There are three (3) buttons

Refresh - Update the log data.

Clear Log - Clear the log, and restart it. This makes
new messages easier to read.

Send Log - E-mail the log immediately. This is only
functional if the E-mail screen has been configured.
Include in Logs
Include (Checkboxes)
Use these checkboxes to determine which events are
included in the log. Checking all options will increase the
size of the log, so it is good practice to disable any events
which are not really required.

Attempted access to blocked sites - If checked,
attempted Internet accesses which were blocked are
logged.

Connections to the Web-based interface of this
Router - If checked, this will log connections TO this
Router, rather than through this Router to the Internet.

Router operation - If checked, other Router operations
(not covered by the selections above) will be logged.

Known DoS attacks and Port Scans - If checked,
Denial of Service attacks, as well as port scans, will be
logged.

Outgoing (Internet) connections - If checked, the
outgoing Internet connections are logged.

Access Control - If enabled, the log will include attempted outgoing connections which have been blocked
by the "Access Control" feature.
Syslog
Disable
Data is not sent to a Syslog Server.
Broadcast on LAN
The Syslog data is broadcast, rather than sent to a specific
Syslog server. Use this if your Syslog Server does not have
a fixed IP address.
Send to this Syslog
Server
If your Syslog server has a fixed IP address, select this
option, and enter the IP address of your Syslog server.
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Advanced Administration
E-Mail
This screen allows you to E-mail Logs and Alerts. A sample screen is shown below.
E-Mail Screen
Data - E-Mail Screen
E-Mail Notification
Turn E-mail
Notification on
Check this box to enable this feature. If enabled, the E-mail
address information (below) must be provided.
Send to this Email Address
Enter the E-mail address the Log is to be sent to. The E-mail
will also show this address as the Sender's address.
Outgoing
(SMTP) Mail
Server
Enter the address or IP address of the SMTP (Simple Mail
Transport Protocol) Server you use for outgoing E-mail.
Mail Sender
Address
Enter the mail address of the sender. The E-mail will also show
this address as the Sender's address.
My SMTP Mail
Server requires
authentication
To stop spanners, many SMTP mail servers require you to log
in to send mail. In this case, enable this checkbox, and enter
the login information (User name and Password) in the fields
below.
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Advanced Administration
User Name
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication" above, enter the User Name required to login to your
SMTP Server.
Password
If you have enabled "My SMTP Mail Server requires authentication" above, enter the password required to login to your SMTP
Server.
E-mail Alerts
Send E-mail
alerts immediately
You can choose to have alerts E-mailed to you, by checking the
desired checkboxes. The Wireless Router can send an immediate alert when it detects a significant security incident such as

A known hacker attack is directed at your IP address

A computer on the Internet scans your IP address for open
ports

Someone on your LAN (Local Area Network) tries to visit a
blocked site.
E-mail Logs
Send Logs
Select the desired option for sending the log by E-mail.

Never (default) - This feature is disabled; Logs are not
sent.

When log is full - The time is not fixed. The log will be
sent when the log is full, which will depend on the volume
of traffic.

Hourly, Daily, Weekly... - The log is sent on the interval
specified.

If Daily is selected, the log is sent at the time specified.
Select the time of day you wish the E-mail to be sent.

If Weekly is selected, the log is sent once per week, on
the specified day, at the specified time.
Select the day and the time of day you wish the E-mail
to be sent.
Note:
If the log is full before the time specified to send it, it will be
sent regardless of the day and time specified.
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Advanced Administration
Diagnostics
This screen allows you to perform a "Ping" or a "DNS lookup". These activities can
be useful in solving network problems.
An example Network Diagnostics screen is shown below.
Network Diagnostics Screen
Data - Network Diagnostics Screen
Ping
IP Address
Enter the IP address you wish to ping. The IP address can be
on your LAN, or on the Internet. Note that if the address is on
the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a
"Timeout" error. In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Ping Button
After entering the IP address, click this button to start the "Ping"
procedure. The results will be displayed in the Ping Results
pane.
DNS Lookup
Internet Name
Enter the Domain name or URL for which you want a DNS
(Domain Name Server) lookup. Note that if the address in on
the Internet, and no connection currently exists, you could get a
"Timeout" error. In that case, wait a few seconds and try again.
Lookup Button
After entering the Domain name/URL, click this button to start
the "DNS Lookup" procedure.
Routing
Display
Click this button to display the internal routing table. This information can be used by Technical Support and other staff who
understand Routing Tables.
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Advanced Administration
Remote Administration
If enabled, this feature allows you to manage the Wireless Router via the Internet.
Remote Administration Screen
Data - Remote Administration Screen
Remote Administration
Enable Remote
Management
Check to allow administration/management via the Internet. (To
connect, see below).
If Disabled, this device will ignore Administration connection
attempts from the Internet.
Current
IP Address
This is the current address you will use when accessing this
device from the Internet. To connect, see details and an example below.
Port Number
Enter a port number between 1 and 65535. The default for
HTTP (Web) connections is port 80, but using port 80 will
prevent the use of a Web "Virtual Server" on your LAN. So
using a different port number is recommended. The default
value is 8080.
The port number must be specified in your Browser when you
connect. See the following section for details.
Access Permission
Allow Remote
Access
Select the desired option.

Everyone - allow access by everyone on the Internet.

Only This Computer - allow access by only one IP address. Enter the desired IP address.

IP Address Range - allow access from a range of IP
addresses on the Internet. Enter a beginning and ending IP
address to define the allowed range.
For security, you should restrict access to as few external IP
addresses as practical.
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Advanced Administration
To connect from a remote PC via the Internet
1. Ensure your Internet connection is established, and start your Web Browser.
2. In the "Address" bar, enter "HTTP://" followed by the Internet IP Address of the
Wireless Router. If the port number is not 80, the port number is also required.
(After the IP Address, enter ":" followed by the port number.)
e.g.
HTTP://123.123.123.123:8080
This example assumes the WAN IP Address is 123.123.123.123, and the port
number is 8080.
3. You will then be prompted for the login name and password for this device.
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Advanced Administration
Routing
Overview

If you don't have other Routers or Gateways on your LAN, you can ignore the
"Routing" page completely.

If the Wireless Router is only acting as a Gateway for the local LAN segment,
ignore the "Routing" page even if your LAN has other Routers.

If your LAN has a standard Router (e.g. Cisco) on your LAN, and the Wireless
Router is to act as a Gateway for all LAN segments, enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol) and ignore the Static Routing table.

If your LAN has other Gateways and Routers, and you wish to control which
LAN segments use each Gateway, do NOT enable RIP (Routing Information
Protocol). Configure the Static Routing table instead. (You also need to configure the other Routers.)

If using Windows 2000 Data center Server as a software Router, enable RIP on
the Wireless Router, and ensure the following Windows 2000 settings are correct:

Open Routing and Remote Access

In the console tree, select Routing and Remote Access, [server name], IP
Routing, RIP

In the "Details" pane, right-click the interface you want to configure for RIP
version 2, and then click "Properties".

On the "General" tab, set Outgoing packet protocol to "RIP version 2
broadcast", and Incoming packet protocol to "RIP version 1 and 2".
Routing Screen
The routing table is accessed by the Routing link on the Administration menu.
Using this Screen
Generally, you will use either RIP (Routing Information Protocol) OR the Static
Routing Table, as explained above, although is it possible to use both methods
simultaneously.
Static Routing Table

If RIP is not used, an entry in the routing table is required for each LAN segment on your Network, other than the segment to which this device is attached.

The other Routers must also be configured. See Configuring Other Routers on
your LAN later in this chapter for further details and an example.
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Advanced Administration
Routing Screen
Data - Routing Screen
RIP
RIP Direction
Select the desired RIP Direction.
RIP Version
Choose the RIP Version for the Server.
Static Routing
Static Routing
Table Entries
This list shows all entries in the Routing Table.

This area shows details of the selected item in the list.

Change any the properties as required, then click the "Edit"
button to save the changes to the selected entry.
Buttons
Add
Add a new entry to the Static Routing table, using the data
shown in the "Properties" area on screen. The entry selected in
the list is ignored, and has no effect.
Edit
Update the current Static Routing Table entry, using the data
shown in the table area on screen.
Delete
Delete the current Static Routing Table entry.
Save
Save the RIP setting. This has no effect on the Static Routing
Table.
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Advanced Administration
Configuring Other Routers on your LAN
It is essential that all IP packets for devices not on the local LAN be passed to the
Wireless Router, so that they can be forwarded to the external LAN, WAN, or
Internet. To achieve this, the local LAN must be configured to use the Wireless
Router as the Default Route or Default Gateway.
Local Router
The local router is the Router installed on the same LAN segment as the Wireless
Router. This router requires that the Default Route is the Wireless Router itself.
Typically, routers have a special entry for the Default Route. It should be configured
as follows.
Destination IP Address
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Network Mask
Normally 0.0.0.0, but check your router documentation.
Gateway IP Address
The IP Address of the Wireless Router.
Metric
1
Other Routers on the Local LAN
Other routers on the local LAN must use the Wireless Router's Local Router as the
Default Route. The entries will be the same as the Wireless Router's local router,
with the exception of the Gateway IP Address.

For a router with a direct connection to the Wireless Router's local Router, the
Gateway IP Address is the address of the Wireless Router's local router.

For routers which must forward packets to another router before reaching the
Wireless Router's local router, the Gateway IP Address is the address of the intermediate router.
Static Routing - Example
Routing Example
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Advanced Administration
For the Wireless Router's Routing Table
For the LAN shown above, with 2 routers and 3 LAN segments, the Wireless Router requires 2 entries as follows.
Entry 1 (Segment 1)
Destination IP Address
192.168.1.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100 (Wireless Router's local
Router)
Metric
2
Entry 2 (Segment 2)
Destination IP Address
192.168.2.0
Network Mask
255.255.255.0 (Standard Class C)
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.100
Metric
3
For Router A's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.0.1 (Wireless Router's IP Address)
For Router B's Default Route
Destination IP Address
0.0.0.0
Network Mask
0.0.0.0
Gateway IP Address
192.168.1.80 (Wireless Router's local
router)
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Advanced Administration
Upgrade Firmware
The firmware (software) in the Wireless Router can be upgraded using your Web
Browser.
You must first download the upgrade file (http://www.level1.com), then select Upgrade Firmware on the Administration menu. You will see a screen like the following.
Router Upgrade Screen
To perform the Firmware Upgrade:
1. Click the Browse button and navigate to the location of the upgrade file.
2. Select the upgrade file. Its name will appear in the Upgrade File field.
3. Click the Upload button to commence the firmware upgrade.
The Wireless Router is unavailable during the upgrade process, and must restart when the upgrade is
completed. Any connections to or through the Wireless Router will be lost.
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Chapter 8
Access Point Mode
8
This Chapter explains configuration and operation when in "Access
Point".
Overview
There are two modes available on the Access Point screen.

Router - In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet Access to all
your LAN users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP Server, providing an IP address and related information to all Wireless and LAN users.

Access Point - The device links your Wireless Stations to your wired LAN. The
Wireless stations and devices on the wired LAN are then on the same network,
and can communicate with each other without regard for whether they are connected to the network via a Wireless or wired connection.
This Chapter describes operation while in Access Point Mode.
Management Connections

You need to have a DHCP Server on your LAN to provide IP addresses to the
Wireless clients using this Access Point.

This AP must be a valid device on your LAN, to allow management connections.
You must assign a (fixed) IP address which is within the address range used on
your LAN, but not within the address range used by your DHCP server.
When you connect in future, just connect normally, using the IP address you assigned.
1. Start your WEB browser.
2. In the Address box, enter "HTTP://" and the current IP Address of the Wireless
Router, as in this example with the default IP Address:
HTTP://192.168.0.1
3. When prompted for the User name and Password, enter admin for the user
name, and the current password, as set on the password screen.
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Access Point Mode
Mode Screen
Mode Screen
Data - Mode Screen
Device
Name
This field displays the current name of this device.
Device
Mode
Select the desired device mode for the router:

Router - In this mode, this device can provide shared Internet
Access to all your LAN users. Also, by default, it acts a DHCP
Server, providing an IP address and related information to all
Wireless and LAN users.

Access Point - The device links your Wireless Stations to your
wired LAN. The Wireless stations and devices on the wired LAN
are then on the same network, and can communicate with each
other without regard for whether they are connected to the network via a Wireless or wired connection.
After changing the mode, this device will restart, which will take a
few seconds. The menu will also change, depending on the mode
you are in.
IP Address
The IP Address of this device. Use the default value unless the
address is already in use or your LAN is using a different IP address
range.
Subnet
Mask
The Network Mask associated with the IP Address above.
Operation
Operation is automatic.
 Wireless clients can connect to the Access Point if they have the correct SSID
and security, but they must obtain an IP address from the DHCP Server on
your LAN.
Note: To use Schedule functions in Access Point mode, please make sure your
NTP settings are working under Router Mode.
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Appendix A
Troubleshooting
A
This Appendix covers the most likely problems and their solutions.
Overview
This chapter covers some common problems that may be encountered while using
the Wireless Router and some possible solutions to them. If you follow the suggested steps and the Wireless Router still does not function properly, contact your
dealer for further advice.
General Problems
Problem 1:
Can't connect to the Wireless Router to configure it.
Solution 1:
Check the following:

The Wireless Router is properly installed, LAN connections are
OK, and it is powered ON.

Ensure that your PC and the Wireless Router are on the same
network segment. (If you don't have a router, this must be the
case.)

If your PC is set to "Obtain an IP Address automatically" (DHCP
client), restart it.

If your PC uses a Fixed (Static) IP address, ensure that it is using
an IP Address within the range 192.168.0.2 to 192.168.0.254 and
thus compatible with the Wireless Router's default IP Address of
192.168.0.1.
Also, the Network Mask should be set to 255.255.255.0 to match
the Wireless Router.
In Windows, you can check these settings by using Control Panel-Network to check the Properties for the TCP/IP protocol.
Internet Access
Problem 1:
When I enter a URL or IP address I get a time out error.
Solution 1:
A number of things could be causing this. Try the following troubleshooting steps.

Check if other PCs work. If they do, ensure that your PCs IP
settings are correct. If using a Fixed (Static) IP Address, check
the Network Mask, Default gateway and DNS as well as the IP
Address.

If the PCs are configured correctly, but still not working, check the
Wireless Router. Ensure that it is connected and ON. Connect to
it and check its settings. (If you can't connect to it, check the LAN
and power connections.)

Check the Wireless Router's status screen to see if it is working
correctly.
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Appendix A - Troubleshooting
Problem 2:
Some applications do not run properly when using the Wireless
Router.
Solution 2:
The Wireless Router processes the data passing through it, so it is
not transparent.
For incoming connections, you must use the Virtual Server or Firewall
Rules to specify the PC which will receive the incoming traffic.
You can also use the DMZ function. This should work with almost
every application, but:

It is a security risk, since the firewall is disabled.

Only one (1) PC can use this feature.
Wireless Access
Problem 1:
My PC can't locate the Wireless Access Point.
Solution 1:
Check the following.

Your PC is set to Infrastructure Mode. (Access Points are always
in Infrastructure Mode)

The SSID on your PC and the Wireless Access Point are the
same.
Remember that the SSID is case-sensitive. So, for example
"Workgroup" does NOT match "workgroup".

Both your PC and the Wireless Router must have the same
setting for WEP. The default setting for the Wireless Router is
disabled, so your wireless station should also have WEP disabled.

If WEP is enabled on the Wireless Router, your PC must have
WEP enabled, and the key must match.

If the Wireless Router's Wireless screen is set to Allow Trusted
PCs only, then each of your Wireless stations must have been
designated as "Trusted", or the Wireless station will be blocked.

To see if radio interference is causing a problem, see if connection is possible when close to the Wireless Router.
Remember that the connection range can be as little as 100 feet
in poor environments.
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Problem 2:
Wireless connection speed is very slow.
Solution 2:
The wireless system will connect at the highest possible speed,
depending on the distance and the environment. To obtain the highest possible connection speed, you can experiment with the following:

Wireless Router location.
Try adjusting the location and orientation of the Wireless Router.

Wireless Channel
If interference is the problem, changing to another channel may
show a marked improvement.

Radio Interference
Other devices may be causing interference. You can experiment
by switching other devices Off, and see if this helps. Any "noisy"
devices should be shielded or relocated.

RF Shielding
Your environment may tend to block transmission between the
wireless stations. This will mean high access speed is only possible when close to the Wireless Router.
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Appendix B
About Wireless LANs
B
This Appendix provides some background information about using
Wireless LANs (WLANs).
Modes
Wireless LANs can work in either of two (2) modes:

Ad-hoc

Infrastructure
Ad-hoc Mode
Ad-hoc mode does not require an Access Point or a wired (Ethernet) LAN.
Wireless Stations (e.g. notebook PCs with wireless cards) communicate directly
with each other.
Infrastructure Mode
In Infrastructure Mode, one or more Access Points are used to connect Wireless Stations (e.g. Notebook PCs with wireless cards) to a wired (Ethernet) LAN.
The Wireless Stations can then access all LAN resources.
Access Points can only function in "Infrastructure" mode,
and can communicate only with Wireless Stations which are
set to "Infrastructure" mode.
BSS/ESS
BSS
A group of Wireless Stations and a single Access Point, all using the same ID
(SSID), form a Basic Service Set (BSS).
Using the same SSID is essential. Devices with different SSIDs are unable to
communicate with each other.
ESS
A group of Wireless Stations, and multiple Access Points, all using the same ID
(ESSID), form an Extended Service Set (ESS).
Different Access Points within an ESS can use different Channels. In fact, to reduce interference, it is recommended that adjacent Access Points SHOULD use
different channels.
As Wireless Stations are physically moved through the area covered by an ESS,
they will automatically change to the Access Point which has the least interference
or best performance. This capability is called Roaming. (Access Points do not have
or require Roaming capabilities.)
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Appendix B - About Wireless LANs
Channels
The Wireless Channel sets the radio frequency used for communication.

Access Points use a fixed Channel. You can select the Channel used. This
allows you to choose a Channel which provides the least interference and best
performance. In the USA and Canada, 11 channels are available. If using multiple Access Points, it is better if adjacent Access Points use different Channels
to reduce interference.

In "Infrastructure" mode, Wireless Stations normally scan all Channels, looking
for an Access Point. If more than one Access Point can be used, the one with
the strongest signal is used. (This can only happen within an ESS.)

If using "Ad-hoc" mode (no Access Point), all Wireless stations should be set to
use the same Channel. However, most Wireless stations will still scan all
Channels to see if there is an existing "Ad-hoc" group they can join.
WEP
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a standard for encrypting data before it is
transmitted.
This is desirable because it is impossible to prevent snoopers from receiving any
data which is transmitted by your Wireless Stations. But if the data is encrypted,
then it is meaningless unless the receiver can decrypt it.
If WEP is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have the
same settings for each of the following:
WEP
Off, 64 Bit, 128 Bit
Key
For 64 Bit encryption, the Key value must match.
For 128 Bit encryption, the Key value must match
WEP Authentication
Open System or Shared Key.
WPA-PSK
WPA-PSK is another standard for encrypting data before it is transmitted. This is a
later standard than WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy), and provides greater security
for your data. Data is encrypted using a 256Bit key which is automatically generated
and changed often.
If all your Wireless stations support WPA-PSK, you should use this instead of WEP.
If WPA-PSK is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have
the same settings for each of the following:
WPA PSK
(Pre-shared Key)
Enter the same value on every station and the AP. The
PSK must be from 8 to 63 characters in length. The
256Bit key used for the actual encryption is derived
from this key.
Encryption
The same encryption method must be used. The most
common encryption method is TKIP. Another widelysupported method is AES.
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Appendix B - About Wireless LANs
WPA2-PSK
This is a later version of WPA (WPA-PSK). The major change is the use of AES
(Advanced Encryption System) for protecting data. AES is very secure, considered
to be unbreakable. The PSK (Pre-shared Key) must be entered on each Wireless
station.
If WPA2-PSK is used, the Wireless Stations and the Access Point must have
the same settings for each of the following:
WPA2 PSK
(Pre-shared Key)
Enter the same value on every station and the AP. The
PSK must be from 8 to 63 characters in length. The
256Bit key used for the actual encryption is derived
from this key.
Encryption
The same encryption method must be used. The most
common encryption method is TKIP. Another widelysupported method is AES.
WPA-802.1x
WPA-802.1x - This version of WPA requires a Radius Server on your LAN to
provide the client authentication according to the 802.1x standard. Data transmissions are encrypted using the WPA standard.
If this option is used:

The Access Point must have a "client login" on the Radius Server.

Each user must have a "user login" on the Radius Server.

Each user's wireless client must support 802.1x and provide the login data
when required.

All data transmission is encrypted using the WPA standard. Keys are automatically generated, so no key input is required.
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Wireless LAN Configuration
To allow Wireless Stations to use the Access Point, the Wireless Stations and the
Access Point must use the same settings, as follows:
Mode
On client Wireless Stations, the mode must be set to "Infrastructure".
(The Access Point is always in "Infrastructure" mode.)
SSID (ESSID)
Wireless Stations should use the same SSID (ESSID) as the
Access Point they wish to connect to. Alternatively, the SSID can
be set to "any" or null (blank) to allow connection to any Access
Point.
Wireless
Security
The Wireless Stations and the Access Point must use the same
settings for Wireless security. (None, WEP, WPA-PSK, WPA2PSK, WPA-802.1x)

If Wireless security remains disabled on the Wireless Router, all stations must have wireless security disabled.

If Wireless security is enabled on the Wireless Router, each
station must use the same settings as the Wireless ADLS
Router.
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C
Appendix C
Specifications
Multi-Function Wireless Router
Model
WBR-3408 – 11g Wireless Broadband Router
WBR-3408 – Roteador banda-larga sem fio - Wireless G
Dimensions
125mm(W) * 109mm(D) * 30mm(H)
Operating Temperature
0 C to 40 C
Storage Temperature
-20 C to 70 C
Network Protocol:
TCP/IP
Network Interface:
4 * 10/100BaseT (RJ45) LAN connection
1 * RJ-45 for ADSL/Broadband Modem
LEDs
6
Power Adapter
12 V DC / 1.0A External
Wireless Interface
Standards
IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g WLAN
Frequency
2.4 to 2.485GHz
Channels
Maximum 13 Channels, depending on regulatory authorities
Modulation
CCK, DQPSK, DBPSK, BPSK, QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM,
OFDM
Security
WEP 64/128Bit, WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK, WPA-802.1x, MAC
address filtering, WPS button support
Antenna power
1.8dBi
Antenna type
External, Removable RP-SMA
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