Lowrance electronic LCX-104C GPS Receiver User Manual

Lowrance electronic LCX-104C GPS Receiver User Manual
Pub. 988-0151-031
www.lowrance.com
LCX-104C
Fish-finding Sonar & Mapping GPS
Operation Instructions
Copyright © 2002 Lowrance Electronics, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Lowrance® is a registered trademark of Lowrance Electronics, Inc.
MapCreate is a trademark of Lowrance Electronics, Inc.
Marine-Tex is a trademark of Illinois Tool Works Inc.
Navionics is a registered trademark of Navionics, Inc.
Points of Interest Data in this unit are by infoUSA,
copyright  2001-2002, All Rights Reserved. infoUSA is a
trademark of infoUSA, Inc.
eXitSource Database, copyright  2001-2002 Zenrin Co.
Ltd. Exit Authority and eXitSource are trademarks of
Zenrin Co. Ltd.
Lowrance Electronics may find it necessary to change or end our
policies, regulations and special offers at any time. We reserve the right
to do so without notice. All features and specifications subject to change
without notice. All screens in this manual are simulated. On the cover:
LCX-104C shown.
For free owner's manuals and other information,
visit our web site:
www.lowrance.com
Lowrance Electronics Inc.
12000 E. Skelly Dr.
Tulsa, OK USA 74128-2486
Printed in USA.
Table of Contents
Sec. 1: Read Me First! .............................................................. 1
Capabilities and Specifications: LCX-104C .................................. 3
How your Sonar Works................................................................. 5
How your GPS Works ................................................................... 6
Introduction to GPS and WAAS................................................... 8
How to Use this Manual: Typographical Conventions.............. 10
Sec. 2: Installation & Accessories ........................................ 13
Preparations................................................................................ 13
Transducer Installation.............................................................. 13
Recommended Tools and Supplies ......................................... 14
Selecting a Transducer Location ............................................ 14
How Low Should You Go?....................................................... 15
Shoot-Thru-Hull vs. Transom Mounting ............................... 16
Transom Transducer Assembly and Mounting ..................... 16
Trolling Motor Bracket Installation....................................... 22
Transducer Orientation and Fish Arches .............................. 23
Shoot-Thru-Hull Preparation and Installation ..................... 23
Speed/Temperature Sensors....................................................... 26
Sensor Chart ............................................................................... 27
Optional Speed Sensor Installation ....................................... 28
GPS Antenna/Receiver Module .................................................. 29
Power Connections...................................................................... 30
NMEA/DGPS Cable Connections............................................... 31
NMEA/DGPS Wiring .............................................................. 31
Mounting the Unit: Bracket or in-Dash..................................... 33
MMC or SDC Memory Card Installation................................... 35
Other Accessories........................................................................ 36
Screen Cleaning Kit ................................................................ 36
MMC and Mapcreate .............................................................. 37
Switch Boxes ........................................................................... 37
External Speaker .................................................................... 37
Face Cover ............................................................................... 38
Sec. 3: Basic Sonar Operation.............................................. 39
Keyboard ..................................................................................... 39
Power/Lights (Turn Unit On and Off) ....................................... 40
Main Menu .................................................................................. 40
Pages ........................................................................................... 42
Satellite Status Page .............................................................. 42
Navigation Page ...................................................................... 43
Map Page................................................................................. 43
Sonar Page .............................................................................. 44
LCX-104C Sonar Quick Reference ....................................... 47
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Sonar Operations ........................................................................ 48
Fish Symbols vs. Full Sonar Chart ........................................ 50
Other Free Training Aids ....................................................... 50
Sec. 4: Sonar Options & Other Features ........................... 53
ASP (Advanced Signal Processing) ......................................... 53
Alarms ......................................................................................... 54
Depth Alarms .......................................................................... 54
Zone Alarm .............................................................................. 55
Fish Alarm............................................................................... 56
Calibrate Speed........................................................................... 56
Chart Speed................................................................................. 57
Colorline ................................................................................... 58
Depth Cursor............................................................................... 60
Depth Range - Automatic ........................................................... 60
Depth Range - Manual................................................................ 61
Depth Range - Upper and Lower Limits ................................... 61
FasTrack .................................................................................. 63
Fish I.D. (Fish Symbols & Depths) ......................................... 63
FishTrack ................................................................................. 65
Frequency (Change Transducer Frequency) ............................. 65
HyperScroll .............................................................................. 66
Log Sonar Chart Data ................................................................ 66
Noise Rejection............................................................................ 67
Overlay Data ............................................................................... 67
Ping Speed & HyperScroll....................................................... 69
to Change Ping Speed: ............................................................ 70
to Adjust Sensitivity: .............................................................. 70
to Turn Off HyperScroll:......................................................... 70
Reset Options .............................................................................. 71
Reset Water Distance ................................................................. 71
Set Keel Offset ............................................................................ 72
Sensitivity & Auto Sensitivity.................................................... 73
Sonar Color Mode........................................................................ 74
Sonar Page & Sonar Chart Display Options ............................. 75
Full Sonar Chart ..................................................................... 75
Split Zoom Sonar Chart .......................................................... 76
Split Frequency Sonar Chart ................................................. 76
Digital Data/Chart .................................................................. 78
FlashGraf ............................................................................. 79
Map with Sonar Split Screen ................................................. 80
Sonar Simulator.......................................................................... 80
Stop Chart ................................................................................... 83
Surface Clarity ............................................................................ 83
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Upper and Lower Limits ............................................................ 84
Zoom & Zoom Bar ....................................................................... 84
Zoom Pan..................................................................................... 85
Sec. 5: Sonar Troubleshooting.............................................. 87
Sec. 6: Basic GPS Operations................................................ 91
Keyboard ..................................................................................... 91
Power/Lights (Turn Unit On and Off) ....................................... 92
Main Menu .................................................................................. 92
Pages ........................................................................................... 94
Sonar Page .............................................................................. 94
Satellite Status Page .............................................................. 94
Navigation Page ...................................................................... 96
Map Page................................................................................. 98
GPS Quick Reference ........................................................... 103
Find your Current Position ...................................................... 104
Moving around the Map: Zoom & Cursor Arrow Keys............ 104
Selecting any Map Item with the Cursor ................................ 105
Searching................................................................................... 105
Set a Waypoint.......................................................................... 107
Create Waypoint at Current Position .................................. 107
Create Waypoint on Map...................................................... 108
Create Waypoint by Entering a Position ............................. 109
Navigate to a Waypoint ............................................................ 109
Set Man Overboard (MOB) Waypoint...................................... 110
Navigate Back to MOB Waypoint ............................................ 110
Navigate to Cursor Position on Map........................................ 111
Navigate to a Point of Interest................................................. 113
Creating and Saving a Trail..................................................... 113
Displaying a Saved Trail .......................................................... 115
Navigating Trails...................................................................... 115
Visual Trailing ...................................................................... 116
Navigate a Trail (Forward)................................................... 116
Navigate a Back Trail (Backtrack, or Reverse) ................... 118
Transfer Custom Maps and GPS Data Files ........................... 119
Cancel Navigation..................................................................... 121
Sec. 7: Advanced GPS Operations ..................................... 123
Find Distance from Current Position to Another Location .... 123
Find Distance from Point to Point ........................................... 123
Icons........................................................................................... 123
Create Icon on Map............................................................... 124
Create Icon at Current Position ........................................... 124
Delete an Icon ....................................................................... 124
Navigate to an Icon ............................................................... 125
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Routes........................................................................................ 125
Create and Save a Route ...................................................... 126
Delete a Route ....................................................................... 128
Edit a Route .......................................................................... 128
Navigate a Route................................................................... 129
Navigate a Route in Reverse ................................................ 130
Trails ......................................................................................... 131
Delete a Trail ........................................................................ 131
Edit a Trail Name ................................................................. 131
Edit a Trail Color .................................................................. 131
Edit a Trail Pattern .............................................................. 131
Utilities...................................................................................... 132
Alarm Clock........................................................................... 132
Sun/Moon Rise & Set Calculator.......................................... 132
Trip Calculator...................................................................... 132
Trip Down Timer................................................................... 132
Trip Up Timer ....................................................................... 132
Waypoints.................................................................................. 132
Delete a Waypoint................................................................. 132
Edit a Waypoint (Name, Symbol, and Position) .................. 133
Selecting a Waypoint ............................................................ 133
Set a Waypoint by Average Position .................................... 133
Set a Waypoint by Projecting a Position.............................. 134
Sec. 8: System & GPS Setup Options................................. 135
Alarms ....................................................................................... 135
Auto Satellite Search................................................................ 136
Check MMC Files and Storage Space ...................................... 137
Communications Port Configuration ....................................... 137
Configure DGPS........................................................................ 138
Configure NMEA ...................................................................... 139
Coordinate System Selection.................................................... 139
To Setup Loran Td: ............................................................... 140
Map Fix ..................................................................................... 140
Customize Page Displays ......................................................... 142
DGPS Status ............................................................................. 142
GPS Simulator .......................................................................... 142
Hide GPS Features ................................................................... 144
Initialize GPS............................................................................ 144
Map Auto Zoom ......................................................................... 144
Map Data................................................................................... 145
Show Map Data..................................................................... 145
Pop-Up Map Info ................................................................... 145
Map Boundaries .................................................................... 146
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Fill Water with White........................................................... 146
Map Overlays (Range Rings; Lat/Long Grid) ...................... 146
Map Datum Selection ............................................................... 146
Map Detail Category Selection................................................. 147
Map Orientation ....................................................................... 148
Overlay Data ............................................................................. 149
Navionics Charts..................................................................... 151
To Display a Navionics Chart: ............................................. 151
Port Information ................................................................... 152
To View Port Services Information: ..................................... 152
Tidal Current Information ................................................... 153
To View Tidal Current Information: .................................... 153
Tide Information ................................................................... 155
To View Tide Information:.................................................... 155
Pop-Up Help .............................................................................. 156
Position Pinning........................................................................ 157
Reset Options ............................................................................ 157
Require DGPS ........................................................................... 158
Screen Contrast and Brightness .............................................. 158
Set Language ............................................................................ 159
Set Local Time .......................................................................... 160
Show WAAS Alarm................................................................... 160
Software Version Information.................................................. 161
Sounds and Alarm Sound Styles.............................................. 161
Track Smoothing....................................................................... 162
Trail Options ............................................................................. 162
Delete All Trails .................................................................... 163
Update Trail Option.............................................................. 163
Delete Trail ........................................................................... 164
New Trail............................................................................... 164
Trail Visible/Invisible and Other Trail Options .................. 164
Units of Measure....................................................................... 165
Sec. 9: Searching................................................................... 167
Find Addresses.......................................................................... 167
Find any Item Selected by Map Cursor ................................... 170
Find Interstate Highway Exits ................................................ 170
Find Map Places or Points of Interest (POI) ........................... 173
Find Streets or Intersections.................................................... 174
Find Waypoints......................................................................... 177
Sec. 10: Supplemental Material.......................................... 181
v
WARNING!
A CAREFUL NAVIGATOR NEVER RELIES ON ONLY ONE METHOD
TO OBTAIN POSITION INFORMATION.
CAUTION
When showing navigation data to a position (waypoint), a GPS unit will show
the shortest, most direct path to the waypoint. It provides navigation data to the
waypoint regardless of obstructions. Therefore, the prudent navigator will not
only take advantage of all available navigation tools when traveling to a waypoint, but will also visually check to make sure a clear, safe path to the waypoint
is always available.
WARNING!
When a GPS unit is used in a vehicle, the vehicle operator is solely responsible for operating the vehicle in a safe manner. Vehicle operators
must maintain full surveillance of all pertinent driving, boating or flying conditions at all times. An accident or collision resulting in damage to property, personal injury or death could occur if the operator of
a GPS-equipped vehicle fails to pay full attention to travel conditions
and vehicle operation while the vehicle is in motion.
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Section 1:
Read Me First!
How this manual can get you out on the road, fast!
Welcome to the exciting world of digital sonar and GPS! We know
you're anxious to begin navigating and finding fish, but we have a favor
to ask. Before you grab the unit and begin installing it, please give us a
moment or two to explain how our manual can help you get the best
performance from your commercial-quality combination fish finder and
mapping GPS receiver.
First, we want to thank you for buying a Lowrance sonar/GPS unit.
Whether you're a first time user or a professional fisherman, you'll discover that your unit is easy to use, yet capable of handling demanding
navigation and sonar tasks. When you team your unit with our custom
mapping software MapCreate 6, you have an incredible combination.
With a full VGA color display, recording capability and remarkable
resolution, you won't find another GPS/sonar unit with this much
power and this many features for this price!
Our goal for this book is to get you on the water fast, with a minimum
of fuss. Like you, we'd rather spend more time boating or fishing and
less time reading the manual!
So, we designed our book so that you don't have to read the whole thing
from front to back for the information you want. At the start (or end) of
each segment, we'll tell you what content is coming up next. If it's a
concept you're already familiar with, we'll show you how and where to
skip ahead for the next important topic. We've also made it easy to look
up any tips you may need from time to time. Here's how:
The manual is organized into 10 sections. This first section is an introduction to the LCX-104C sonar and GPS. It tells you the basics you
need to know before you can make the unit look around and tell you
where you are, or look below the surface to find some fish.
Section 2 will help you install your unit, the transducer and the GPS
antenna module. We'll show you how to get the MultiMedia Card
(MMC) correctly installed inside the unit. We'll also tell you about some
of the available accessories.
Section 3 covers Basic Sonar Operation. It will show you how easy it is
to run your sonar, right out of the box. This section features a one-page
Sonar Quick Reference. (If you've already jumped ahead and figured out how to install the unit yourself, and you just can't wait
any longer, turn to the Quick Reference on page 47 and head
for the water with your unit!)
1
After you've gained some experience with your sonar, you'll want to
check out Section 4, which discusses more advanced Sonar Options and
Other Features.
When you come to a sonar menu command on the unit's screen, you can
look it up in the manual by skimming over the table of contents, just flipping through Section 3 or scanning through the sonar options in Section 4.
If you're having difficulty with your sonar, you can find an answer to
the most common problems in Section 5, Sonar Troubleshooting.
The manual switches from sonar to navigation in Section 6, which introduces you to Basic GPS Operations. This section features a onepage GPS Quick Reference on page 103.
Section 6 contains short, easy-to-scan GPS lessons that follow one another in chronological order. They're all you'll need to know to find your
way on the water quickly.
After you've learned the basics (or if you already have some GPS experience), you may want to try out some of the unit's many advanced
navigation features. That brings us to Section 7, Advanced GPS Operations. This section contains the rest of the unit's GPS command functions, organized in alphabetical order.
When you come to a GPS menu command on the screen, you can look it up
in the manual by skimming over the table of contents, just flipping through
Section 6 or scanning through the command portion of Section 7.
This unit is ready to use right out of the box, but you can fine tune and
customize its operation with dozens of options. Since sonar is the unit's
key feature, we put the main sonar options in Section 4. Some options,
such as screen brightness settings, affect both sonar and GPS operations. We describe how to use those common options along with GPS
options in Section 8, System Setup and GPS Setup Options. Section 8 is
organized in alphabetical order.
In Section 9, we go into more detail on one of the unit's most remarkable
GPS capabilities — Searching. We'll introduce a search example in the
Basic GPS Operation section, but there are so many map items you can
search for, we had to give this function its own section in the manual! For
example, did you know your unit can look up business phone numbers,
functioning as a virtual Yellow Pages? We’ll show you how in Section 9.
Finally, in Section 10, we offer Supplemental Material, including a list
of the GPS datums used, warranties and customer service information.
Now, if you're into the fine details, glance over the next segment on
specifications to see just how much sonar and GPS power your unit contains. It's important to us (and our power users), but, if you don't care
2
how many watts of power the unit has, or how many waypoints it can
store, skip ahead to important information on how sonar works, on page
5. (Background on GPS begins on page 6.)
Capabilities and Specifications: LCX-104C
General
Display:............................ High-brightness liquid crystal TFT; programmable to viewing preference; 10.4" (26.4
cm) diagonal. Multiple full-screen and splitscreen data display combinations.
Resolution:...................... 640 pixel x 480 pixel resolution; 307,200 total
pixels; 256-color, full VGA.
Backlighting:.................. Fluorescent cold cathode backlit screen with
multiple lighting levels; backlit keypad.
Input power:................... 10 to 15 volts DC.
Current drain: ............... Sonar only: 700 ma lights off; 1.2 amps lights
on. With GPS and lights on: 1.3 amps.
Case size:......................... (with bracket) 9.1" H x 12.2" W x 4" D (23.1 x
31 x 10.2 cm); sealed and waterproof; suitable for saltwater use.
MMC slots: ...................... Two in waterproof compartments (SD card
compatible).
Back-up memory: .......... Built-in memory stores sonar records and
GPS data for decades. User settings are
stored when unit is turned off.
Languages:...................... 10; menu languages selectable by user.
External speaker:.......... speaker wires allow connection to external
speaker for remotely monitoring sonar and
GPS alarms.
Sonar
Frequency:...................... 50/200 kHz dual-frequency.
Transducer:...................... Skimmer transducer with built-in temperature sensor available. Dual-frequency transducer with 35°/12° cone angles; operates at
speeds up to 70 mph (61 kts). Optional thruhull, shoot-thru-hull and trolling motor transducers are available.
Transmitter: ................... 50 kHz: 8,000 watts peak-to-peak/1 kW
RMS. 200 kHz: 4,000 watts peak-topeak/500 watts RMS.
3
Sonar sounding
depth capability: ........... 3,000 feet (915 meters). Actual capability
depends on transducer configuration and installation, bottom composition and water
conditions. All sonar units typically read
deeper in fresh water than in salt water.
Depth display:................ Continuous display.
Graph recording:........... Up to 512 MB on two MMC (or SD) cards
Audible alarms: ............. Deep/shallow/fish/zone.
Automatic ranging:....... Yes, with instant screen updates.
Auto bottom track:........ Yes
Zoom bottom track: ...... Yes.
Split-screen zoom:......... Yes.
Surface water temp: ..... Yes, built into transducer. Optional additional temp sensors for live well, bait well,
etc. are available.
Speed/distance log: ....... Yes; speed sensor is included with unit.
GPS
Receiver/antenna: ......... External; LGC-12w 12 parallel channel
GPS/WAAS; DGPS beacon receiver optional.
The unit interfaces NMEA 0183.
Recording:........................ MMC & SD memory cards for recording GPS
trip details and displaying charts or custom
maps.
Background map:.......... Built-in custom, detailed Lowrance map.
Contains: enhanced detail of continental U.S.
and Hawaii. Includes more than 60,000 nav
aids and 10,000 wrecks/obstructions in
coastal and Great Lakes waters. Metro areas, selected major streets/highways and interstate exit services details included.
Custom mapping: .......... MapCreate version 6 software optional;
featuring unit-searchable database of more
than 700,000 points of interest. Navionics
charts (XL charts or HotMaps) on MMC
cards optional.
Mapping memory: ......... Up to 512 MB on two MMC (or SD) cards.
4
Position updates: .......... Every second.
Position points: ............. 1,000 waypoints; 1,000 event marker icons.
Man Overboard:............. MOB feature precisely marks man overboard
location with special icon, then automatically
displays navigation data to that position.
Audible alarms: ............. Arrival/off-course/destination passed/anchor.
Graphic symbols for
waypoints or event
marker icons: ................. 42.
Routes:............................. 100; up to 100 waypoints per route.
Plot Trails: ...................... 10 savable; up to 9,999 points per trail.
Zoom range:.................... 37 ranges; 0.05 to 4,000 miles.
NOTE:
The above memory capacities refer only to the unit's on-board memory. The amount of GPS or sonar data you can record and save for
recall later is only limited by the number of MMC cards you have.
NOTICE!
The storage and operation temperature range for your unit is from -4
degrees to +167 degrees Fahrenheit (-20 degrees to +75 degrees Celsius). Extended storage or operation in temperatures higher or lower
than specified will damage the liquid crystal display in your unit. This
type of damage is not covered by the warranty. For more information,
contact the factory's Customer Service Department; phone numbers are
listed on the last page.
How Your Sonar Works
Sonar has been around since the 1940s, so if you already know how it
works, skip down to read about the relatively new technology of GPS.
But, if you've never owned a sonar fish finder, this segment will tell you
the underwater basics.
Sonar is an abbreviation for SOund NAvigation and Ranging, a technology developed during World War II for tracking enemy submarines.
(Lowrance developed the world's first transistorized sportfishing sonar in
1957.) A sonar consists of a transmitter, transducer, receiver and display. In simple terms, here's how it finds the bottom, or the fish:
The transmitter emits an electrical impulse, which the transducer converts into a sound wave and sends into the water. (The sound frequency
can't be heard by humans or fish.) The sound wave strikes an object
5
(fish, structure, bottom) and bounces back to the transducer, which
converts the sound back into an electrical signal.
The receiver amplifies this return signal, or echo, and sends it to the
display, where an image of the object appears on the scrolling sonar
chart. The sonar's microprocessor calculates the time lapse between the
transmitted signal and echo return to determine the distance to the
object. The whole process repeats itself several times each second.
Your sonar unit can record a log of the sonar signals that scroll across
the screen and save them to the MMC memory card. (These recordings
are also called sonar charts or sonar graphs.) You can replay this sonar
log in the unit using the Sonar Simulator function, or play it back on a
personal computer using our free Sonar Viewer. The viewer is available
for download from the Lowrance web site, www.lowrance.com.
You can save several different sonar log files, erase 'em and record new
ones, over and over again. The size of your sonar recordings is only
limited by the free space available on your MMC.
How Your GPS Works
You'll navigate faster and easier if you understand how this unit scans
the sky to tell you where you are on the earth — and, where you're going. (But if you already have a working understanding of GPS receivers
and the GPS navigation system, skip on ahead to Section 2, Installation
& Accessories on page 13. If you're new to GPS, read on, and you can
later impress your friends with your new-found knowledge.)
First, think of your unit as a small but powerful computer. (But don't
worry — we made the series easy to use, so you don't need to be a computer expert to find your way!) The unit includes a keypad and a screen
with menus so you can tell it what to do. The screen also lets the unit
show your location on a moving map, as well as point the way to your
destination.
This gimbal-mounted unit uses an external antenna/receiver module,
which makes the whole system work something like your car radio. But
instead of your favorite dance tunes, this receiver tunes in to a couple of
dozen GPS satellites circling the earth. (It will also listen in to the
WAAS satellites in orbit, but more about that in the upcoming segment
introducing you to GPS and WAAS.)
Your unit listens to signals from as many satellites as it can "see" above
the horizon, eliminates the weakest signals, then computes its location
in relation to those satellites. Once it figures its latitude and longitude,
the unit plots that position on the moving map shown on the screen.
The whole process takes place several times a second!
6
The performance doesn't stop there. Stored in the permanent memory
of every unit is a basic background map of the entire world. We lock it
in here at the factory — you can't change or erase this map.
The background map is suitable for many navigation chores, but for
maximum accuracy and much more detail, you need our optional mapmaking software, MapCreate 6. Some unit features — such as
searching for businesses and addresses — won't work without a custom
MapCreate map. There is so much detail in our background map (and
even more in MapCreate) that we'll describe their contents and differences in Section 6, Basic GPS Operations, on page 91.
Another portion of the unit's onboard memory is devoted to recording
GPS navigation information, which includes waypoints, event marker
icons, trails and routes. This lets you look back the way you came. Think
of this data storage like the hard drive memory in a computer or a tape
in a cassette tape recorder. You can save several different GPS data files,
erase 'em and record new ones, over and over again. Like any computer
file, these GPS Data Files (file format *.usr) can be shared between
other Lowrance GPS or sonar/GPS units and even personal computers.
Your unit has one more thing in common with a personal computer.
Just as computers have a floppy disk drive for storing and exchanging
files, this unit has a slot for an MMC (MultiMedia Card) or SDC (Secure Digital card) flash memory card. These solid-state memory devices
are about the size of a postage stamp, but can hold data ranging from 8
MB to 256 MB in size. (Compare that to a floppy disk's 1.44 MB capacity!) The unit uses all that MMC space for two key GPS purposes. (The
MMC is also used to record sonar logs…see page 6.)
First, you can backup your onboard GPS Data Files by copying them to
the MMC. Since the MMC is removable (like a floppy disk or a cassette
tape), you can store these GPS Data Files on a personal computer
equipped with an MMC card reader. (Or store them on a pocketful of
MMCs, if you don't have a computer.) Our MapCreate mapping software
can save, edit or create its own GPS Data Files, which can be copied to
the MMC and then loaded from the MMC into the unit's memory.
(NOTE: No matter where they come from, GPS Data Files must be
loaded from the MMC into memory before the unit can use them.)
The other key GPS use for MMCs is storage of special high-detail, custom maps, which you can produce on your computer with our MapCreate software. These MapCreate custom maps contain much greater detail than the basic background map. These Custom Map Files (file
format *.lcm) can also be shared between other Lowrance GPS or sonar/GPS units and personal computers. (For example, the exact same
7
MMC, custom map files and GPS data files can be used interchangeably between your gimbal-mounted LCX-104C and the hand-held
iFINDER GPS receiver.)
The unit automatically reads Custom Map Files directly from the MMC
or SDC. To use a custom map, all you need to do is slide an MMC containing a map into the unit.
Introduction to GPS and WAAS
Well, now you know the basics of how the unit does its work. You might
be ready to jump ahead to Section 2, Installation & Accessories, on page
13, so you can mount your unit and plug in the power. Or you might
want to see how our text formatting makes the manual tutorials easy to
skim. If that's the case, move on to "How to Use This Manual" on page
10. But, if you want to understand the current state of satellite navigation, look over this segment describing how GPS and its new companion
WAAS work together to get you where you're going.
The Global Positioning System (GPS) was launched July 17, 1995 by
the United States Department of Defense. It was designed as a 24hour-a-day, 365-days-a-year, all weather global navigation system for
the armed forces of the U.S. and its allies. Civilian use was also available at first, but it was less accurate because the military scrambled
the signal somewhat, using a process called Selective Availability (SA.)
GPS proved so useful for civilian navigation that the federal government discontinued SA on May 2, 2000, after the military developed
other methods to deny GPS service to enemy forces. Reliable accuracy
for civilian users jumped from 100 meters (330 feet) under SA to the
present level of 10 to 20 meters (about 30 to 60 feet.)
Twenty-four satellites orbit 10,900 nautical miles above the Earth,
passing overhead twice daily. A series of ground stations (with precisely
surveyed locations) controls the satellites and monitors their exact locations in the sky. Each satellite broadcasts a low-power signal that identifies the satellite and its position above the earth. Three of these satellites
are spares, unused until needed. The rest virtually guarantee that at
least four satellites are in view nearly anywhere on Earth at all times.
The system requires signal reception from three satellites in order to
determine a position. This is called a 2D fix. It takes four satellites to
determine both position and elevation (your height above sea level —
also called altitude). This is called a 3D fix.
8
A minimum of three satellites are required to determine a 2D fix.
Remember, the unit must have a clear view of the satellites in order to
receive their signals. Unlike radio or television signals, GPS works at
very high frequencies. These signals can be easily blocked by trees,
buildings, an automobile roof, even your body.
Like most GPS receivers, this unit doesn’t have a compass or any other
navigation aid built inside. It relies solely on the signals from the satellites to calculate a position. Speed, direction of travel, and distance
are all calculated from position information. Therefore, in order for the
unit to determine direction of travel, you must be moving and the
faster, the better. This is not to say that it won’t work at walking or
trolling speeds — it will. There will simply be more "wandering" of the
data shown on the display.
GPS is plenty accurate for route navigation, but the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has special needs for aircraft traffic control that go
beyond basic GPS. The FAA has a plan under way to boost GPS performance even further with its Wide Area Augmentation System, or
WAAS. This GPS add-on will include a time control element that will
help airliners fly closer together while avoiding collisions. In addition to
carefully spacing airplanes along travel corridors, WAAS will eventually make instrument landings and takeoffs more accurate as it replaces existing aviation navigation systems.
Non-aviators can use WAAS signals to make their GPS navigation even
more accurate. Your unit receives both GPS and WAAS signals. However, WAAS has some limits you should know about.
9
First, the U.S. government has not completed construction of the WAAS
system, so it is not yet fully operational. The ground stations are in
place, but only a few of the needed WAAS satellites have been launched.
WAAS can boost the accuracy of land GPS navigation, but the system is
designed for aircraft. The satellites are in a fixed orbit around the
Equator, so they appear very low in the sky to someone on the ground
in North America. Aircraft and vessels on open water can get consistently good WAAS reception, but terrain, foliage or even large man-made
structures frequently block the WAAS signal from ground receivers.
You'll find that using your GPS receiver is both easy and amazingly
accurate. It’s easily the most accurate method of electronic navigation
available to the general public today. Remember, however, that this
receiver is only a tool. Always have another method of navigation available, such as a map or chart and a compass.
Also remember that this unit will always show navigation information
in the shortest line from your present position to a waypoint, regardless
of terrain! It only calculates position, it can’t know what’s between you
and your destination, for example. It’s up to you to safely navigate
around obstacles, no matter how you’re using this product.
How to use this manual: typographical conventions
Many instructions are listed as numbered steps. The keypad and arrow
"keystrokes" appear as boldface type. So, if you're in a real hurry (or
just need a reminder), you can skim the instructions and pick out what
menu command to use by finding the boldface command text. The following paragraphs explain how to interpret the text formatting for
those commands and other instructions:
Arrow Keys
The arrow keys control the movement of dotted cross-hair lines on your
mapping screen called the cursor. The arrow keys also control a horizontal line depth cursor on the sonar screen. The arrow keys help you
move around the menus so you can execute different commands. They
are represented by symbols like these, which denote the down arrow
key, the up arrow, the left arrow and the right arrow: ↓ ↑ ← →.
Keyboard
The other keys perform a variety of functions. When the text refers to a
key to press, the key is shown in bold, sans serif type. For example, the
"Enter/Icons" key is shown as ENT and the "Menu" key is shown as
MENU.
10
Menu Commands
A menu command or a menu option will appear in small capital letters, in
a bold sans serif type like this: ROUTE PLANNING. These indicate that you are
to select this command or option from a menu or take an action of some
kind with the menu item. Text that you may need to enter or file names
you need to select are show in italic type, such as trail name.
Instructions = Menu Sequences
Most functions you perform with this unit are described as a sequence
of key strokes and selecting menu commands. We've written them in a
condensed manner for quick and easy reading.
For example, instructions for navigating a trail would look like this:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to Trail 1|ENT|→|↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT.
3. You are asked to wait while it converts the trail into a route.
4. The wait message disappears and the unit begins showing
navigation information along the trail. Now, begin moving and
follow your unit's directions.
Translated into complete English, step 1 above would mean: "Start on
the Map Page. Press the Menu key twice. Next, repeatedly press (or
press and hold) the down arrow key to scroll down the menu and select
(highlight) the My Trails menu command. Finally, press the Enter key."
Step 2 would mean: "Press the down arrow key repeatedly to scroll to
the trail named Trail 1, and press Enter. Next, press the right arrow
key and then the down arrow key to highlight the Navigate command,
then press Enter."
11
Notes
12
Section 2:
Installation & Accessories
Preparations
You can install the sonar and GPS systems in some other order if you
prefer, but we recommend this installation sequence:
CAUTION:
You should read over this entire installation section before drilling any holes in your vehicle or vessel!
1. Determine the approximate location for the sonar/GPS unit, so you
can plan how and where to route the cables for the antenna, transducer
and power. This will help you make sure you have enough cable length
for the desired configuration.
2. Determine the approximate location for the transducer and its cable
route.
3. Determine the approximate location for the GPS antenna module
and its cable route.
4. Determine the location of your battery or other power connection,
along with the power cable route.
5. Install the transducer and route the transducer cable to the sonar/GPS unit.
6. Install the GPS antenna and route the antenna cable to the sonar/GPS unit.
7. Install the power cable and route it to the sonar/GPS unit.
8. Mount the sonar/GPS unit.
Transducer Installation
These instructions will help you install your Skimmer transducer on a
transom, on a trolling motor or inside a hull. These instructions cover
both single- and dual-frequency Skimmer transducers. Please read all
instructions before proceeding with any installation.
The smaller single-frequency Skimmers typically use a one-piece,
stainless steel mounting bracket. The larger dual-frequency Skimmers
typically use a two-piece, plastic mounting bracket. The trolling motor
mount uses a one-piece plastic bracket with an adjustable strap.
These are all "kick-up" mounting brackets. They help prevent damage if
the transducer strikes an object while the boat is moving. If the transducer does "kick-up," the bracket can easily be pushed back into place
without tools.
13
Read these instructions carefully before attempting the installation.
Determine which of the mounting positions is right for your boat. Use
extreme care if mounting the transducer inside the hull, because once it
is epoxied into position, the transducer usually cannot be removed.
Remember, the transducer installation is the most critical part
of a sonar installation.
Recommended Tools and supplies
If you prefer the option of routing the cable through the transom, you
will need a 1" drill bit. A transom mount requires use of a high quality,
marine grade above- or below-waterline caulking compound. The following installation types also call for these recommended tools and required supplies (supplies are not included):
Single-frequency transom installations
Tools include: two adjustable wrenches, drill, #29 (0.136") drill bit, flathead screwdriver. Supplies: none.
Dual-frequency transom installations
Tools: two adjustable wrenches, drill, #20 (0.161") drill bit, flat-head
screwdriver. Supplies: four, 1" long, #12 stainless steel slotted wood
screws.
Single-frequency trolling motor installations
Tools: two adjustable wrenches, flat-head screwdriver. Supplies: plastic
cable ties.
Shoot-through hull installations
Tools: these will vary depending on your hull's composition. Consult your
boat dealer or manufacturer. Supplies: 100 grit sandpaper, good quality
epoxy adhesive.
Selecting a Transducer Location
1. The transducer must be placed in a location that has a smooth flow of
water at all times. If the transducer is to be mounted inside the hull,
then the chosen location must be in the water at all times. If the
transducer is not placed in a smooth flow of water, interference
caused by bubbles and turbulence will show on the sonar's display in
the form of random lines or dots whenever the boat is moving.
NOTE:
Some aluminum boats with strakes or ribs on the outside of the
hull create large amounts of turbulence at high speed. These boats
typically have large outboard motors capable of propelling the boat
at speeds faster than 35 mph. Typically, a good location on aluminum boats is between the ribs closest to the engine.
14
2. The transducer should be installed with its face pointing straight
down, if possible.
3. If the transducer is mounted on the transom, make sure it doesn't interfere with the trailer or hauling of the boat. Also, don't mount it closer
than approximately one foot from the engine's lower unit. This will prevent cavitation (bubble) interference with propeller operation.
4. If possible, route the transducer cable away from other wiring on the
boat. Electrical noise from engine wiring, bilge pumps and aerators
can be displayed on the sonar's screen. Use caution when routing the
transducer cable around these wires.
CAUTION: Clamp the transducer cable to transom near
the transducer. This will help
prevent the transducer from
entering the boat if it is
knocked off at high speed.
Good location
Poor location
Good
location
Good location
Poor angle
Good and poor transducer locations.
How low should you go?
For most situations, you should install your Skimmer transducer so
that its centerline is level with the bottom of the boat hull. This will
usually give you the best combination of smooth water flow and protection from bangs and bumps.
Transom
Transducer
centerline
Hull bottom
Align transducer centerline with hull bottom.
15
However, there are times when you may need to adjust the transducer
slightly higher or lower. (The slots in the mounting brackets allow you
to loosen the screws and slide the transducer up or down.) If you frequently lose bottom signal lock while running at high speed, the transducer may be coming out of the water as you cross waves or wakes.
Move the transducer a little lower to help prevent this.
If you cruise or fish around lots of structure and cover, your transducer
may be frequently kicking up from object strikes. If you wish, you may
move the transducer a little higher for more protection.
There are two extremes you should avoid. Never let the edge of the
mounting bracket extend below the bottom of the hull. Never let the
bottom – the face – of the transducer rise above the bottom of the hull.
Shoot-thru-hull vs. Transom Mounting
Typically, shoot-thru-hull installations give excellent high speed operation and good to excellent depth capability. There is no possibility of
damage from floating objects. It can't be knocked off when docking or
loading on the trailer.
However, the shoot-thru-hull installation does have its drawbacks.
First, some loss of sensitivity does occur, even on the best hulls. This
varies from hull to hull, even from different installations on the same
hull. This is caused by differences in hull lay-up and construction.
Second, the transducer angle cannot be adjusted for the best fish
arches. This can be a problem on some hulls that sit with the bow high
when at rest or at slow trolling speeds. Follow the procedure listed in
the shoot-thru-hull installation section at the end of this lesson to determine if you can satisfactorily shoot through the hull.
TRANSOM TRANSDUCER ASSEMBLY AND MOUNTING
The best way to install these transducers is to loosely assemble all of the
parts first, place the transducer's bracket against the transom and see if
you can move the transducer so that it's parallel with the ground.
The following instructions sometimes vary depending on the mounting
bracket that came with your transducer. Single-frequency Skimmers
come with a one-piece stainless steel bracket, while dual-frequency
Skimmers come with a two-piece plastic mounting bracket. Use the set of
instructions that fits your model.
1. Assembling the bracket.
A. One-piece bracket: Press the two small plastic ratchets into the
sides of the metal bracket as shown in the following illustration. Notice
there are letters molded into each ratchet. Place each ratchet into the
16
bracket with the letter "A" aligned with the dot stamped into the metal
bracket. This position sets the transducer's coarse angle adjustment for a
14° transom. Most outboard and stern-drive transoms have a 14° angle.
Dot
Align plastic ratchets in bracket.
B. Two-piece bracket: Locate the four plastic ratchets in the transducer's hardware package. Press two ratchets into the sides of the plastic bracket and two on either side of the transducer as shown in the following illustrations. Notice there are letters molded into each ratchet.
Place the ratchets into the bracket with the letter "A" aligned with the
alignment mark molded into the bracket. Place the ratchets onto the
transducer with the letter "A" aligned with the 12 o'clock position on
the transducer stem. These positions set the transducer's coarse angle
adjustment for a 14° transom. Most outboard and stern-drive transoms have a 14° angle.
Alignment letters
Alignment
positions
Transducer
Transducer bracket
Insert and align ratchets.
17
Transducer
bracket
Transducer
Ratchet
Ratchet
Add ratchets to bracket and transducer.
2. Aligning the transducer on the transom.
A. One-piece bracket: Slide the transducer between the two ratchets. Temporarily slide the bolt though the transducer assembly and
hold it against the transom. Looking at the transducer from the side,
check to see if it will adjust so that its face is parallel to the ground.
If it does, then the "A" position is correct for your hull.
If the transducer's face isn't parallel with the ground, remove the
transducer and ratchets from the bracket. Place the ratchets into the
holes in the bracket with the letter "B" aligned with the dot stamped
in the bracket.
Reassemble the transducer and bracket and place them against the
transom. Again, check to see if you can move the transducer so it's
parallel with the ground. If you can, then go to step 3A. If it doesn't,
repeat step 2A, but use a different alignment letter until you can
place the transducer on the transom correctly.
Ratchets
Insert bolt and check transducer position on transom.
18
B. Two-piece bracket: Assemble the transducer and bracket as shown
in the following figure. Temporarily slide the bolt though the transducer
assembly but don't tighten the nut at this time. Hold the assembled
transducer and bracket against the transom. Looking at the transducer
from the side, check to see if it will adjust so that its face is parallel to
the ground. If it does, then the "A" positions are correct for your hull.
If the transducer's face isn't parallel with the ground, remove and
disassemble the transducer and ratchets. Place the ratchets into the
bracket holes with the letter "B" aligned with the bracket alignment
mark. Place them on the transducer aligned with the 12 o'clock position on the transducer stem.
Reassemble the transducer and bracket and place them against the
transom. Again, check to see if you can move the transducer so it's
parallel with the ground. If you can, then go to step 3B. If it doesn't,
repeat step 2B, but use a different alignment letter until you can
place the transducer on the transom correctly.
Lock washer
Bolt
Nut
Flat washer
Flat washer
Assemble transducer and bracket.
3. Assembling the transducer.
A. One-piece bracket: Once you determine the correct position for
the ratchets, assemble the transducer as shown in the following figure. Don't tighten the lock nut at this time.
Nut
Metal
washer
Rubber
washers
Metal washer
Bolt
Assemble transducer and bracket.
19
B. Two-piece bracket: Once you determine the correct position for
the ratchets, assemble the transducer as shown in the figure in step
2B. Don't tighten the lock nut at this time.
4. Drilling mounting holes.
Hold the transducer and bracket assembly against the transom. The
transducer should be roughly parallel to the ground. The transducer's centerline should be in line with the bottom of the hull. Don't
let the bracket extend below the hull!
Mark the center of each slot for the mounting screw pilot holes. You
will drill one hole in the center of each slot.
Drill the holes. For the one-piece bracket, use the #29 bit (for the #10
screws). For the two-piece bracket, use the #20 bit (for the #12
screws).
Transom
Transom
Position transducer mount on transom and mark mounting holes.
Side view shown at left and seen from above at right.
5. Attaching transducer to transom.
A. One-piece bracket: Remove the transducer from the bracket and
re-assemble it with the cable passing through the bracket over the
bolt as shown in the following figures.
For single-frequency Skimmer, route cable over bolt and through
bracket. Side view shown at left and seen from above at right.
20
Both bracket types: Attach the transducer to the transom. Slide the
transducer up or down until it's aligned properly with the bottom of
the hull as shown in the preceding and following figures. Tighten the
bracket's mounting screws, sealing them with the caulking compound.
Adjust the transducer so that it's parallel to the ground and tighten
the nut until it touches the outer washer, then add 1/4 turn. Don't
over tighten the lock nut! If you do, the transducer won't "kick-up" if
it strikes an object in the water.
Bottom
of
hull
Flat-bottom hull
Deep-"vee" hull
Align transducer centerline with hull bottom and attach transducer to
transom. Rear view of dual-frequency Skimmer shown.
6. Route the transducer cable through or over the transom to the sonar
unit. Make sure to leave some slack in the cable at the transducer. If
possible, route the transducer cable away from other wiring on the
boat. Electrical noise from the engine's wiring, bilge pumps, VHF radio
wires and cables, and aerators can be picked up by the sonar. Use caution when routing the transducer cable around these wires.
WARNING:
Clamp the transducer cable to the transom close to the
transducer. This can prevent the transducer from entering the boat if it is knocked off at high speed.
If you need to drill a hole in the transom to pass the connector through,
the required hole size be 1".
CAUTION:
If you drill a hole in the transom for the cable, make sure it is located above the waterline. After installation, be sure to seal the
hole with the same marine grade above- or below-waterline sealant used for the mounting screws.
21
7. Make a test run to determine the results. If the bottom is lost at
high speed, or if noise appears on the display, try sliding the transducer bracket down. This puts the transducer deeper into the water,
hopefully below the turbulence causing the noise. Don't allow the
transducer bracket to go below the bottom of the hull!
TROLLING MOTOR BRACKET INSTALLATION
(single-frequency only)
1. Attach the optional TMB-S bracket to the transducer as shown in the
following figure, using the hardware supplied with the transducer.
(Note: The internal tooth washer is supplied with the TMB-S.)
Internal tooth washer
Bolt
TMB-S bracket
Nut
Flat washer
Attach motor mounting bracket to transducer.
2. Slide the adjustable strap supplied with the TMB-S through the slot
in the transducer bracket and wrap it around the trolling motor. Position the transducer to aim straight down when the motor is in the
water. Tighten the strap securely.
3. Route the transducer cable alongside the trolling motor shaft. Use
plastic ties (not included) to attach the transducer cable to the trolling motor shaft. Make sure there is enough slack in the cable for the
motor to turn freely. Route the cable to the sonar unit and the transducer is ready for use.
Transducer mounted on trolling motor, side view.
22
TRANSDUCER ORIENTATION AND FISH ARCHES
If you do not get good fish arches on your display, it could be because
the transducer is not parallel with the ground when the boat is at rest
in the water or at slow trolling speeds.
Partial fish arches
Transducer aimed
too far back
Transducer aimed
too far forward
Full fish arch
Proper transducer angle
Transducer angles and their effects on fish arches.
If the arch slopes up – but not back down – then the front of the transducer is too high and needs to be lowered. If only the back half of the
arch is printed, then the nose of the transducer is angled too far down
and needs to be raised.
NOTE:
Periodically wash the transducer's face with soap and water to remove any oil film. Oil and dirt on the face will reduce the sensitivity
or may even prevent operation.
SHOOT-THRU-HULL PREPARATION
The transducer installation inside a fiberglass hull must be in an area
that does not have air bubbles in the resin or separated fiberglass layers. The sonar signal must pass through solid fiberglass. A successful
23
transducer installation can be made on hulls with flotation materials
(such as plywood, balsa wood or foam) between layers of fiberglass if
the material is removed from the chosen area.
Fill with epoxy
Flotation material
Epoxy to hull first
Inner hull
Outer hull
Epoxy the transducer to a solid portion of the hull.
For example, some (but not all) manufacturers use a layer of fiberglass,
then a core of balsa wood, finishing with an outer layer of fiberglass.
Removing the inner layer of fiberglass and the balsa wood core exposes
the outer layer of fiberglass. The transducer can then be epoxied directly to the outer layer of fiberglass. After the epoxy cures, the hull is
watertight and structurally sound. Remember, the sonar signal must
pass through solid fiberglass. Any air bubbles in the fiberglass or the
epoxy will reduce or eliminate the sonar signals.
WARNING:
Do not remove any material from your inner hull unless
you know the hull's composition. Careless grinding or
cutting on your hull can result in damage that could sink
your boat. Contact your boat dealer or manufacturer to
confirm your hull specifications.
To choose the proper location for thru-hull mounting, anchor the boat in
60 feet of water. Add a little water to the sump of the boat. Plug the
transducer into the sonar unit, turn it on, then hold the transducer over
the side of the boat. Adjust the sensitivity and range controls until a second bottom echo is seen on the display. (You will need to turn off both
automatic and ASP.) Don't touch the controls once they've been set.
Next, take the transducer out of the water and place it in the water in
the sump of the boat. Observe the sonar signal to see if there is a noticeable decrease in sensitivity. The second bottom signal may disappear and the bottom signal may decrease in intensity.
Move the transducer around to find the best location. If the sensitivity
control must be increased greatly to compensate, then the transducer
should be mounted on the outside of the hull. If not, then mark the lo24
cation that shot through the hull the best and follow the instructions on
the following pages for a shoot-thru-hull mounting.
Transducer location
(high speed)
Transducer location
(trolling speed)
Shoot-thru-hull transducer locations for
high speed or trolling speed operation.
Shoot-thru-hull Installation
1. Make sure the area is clean, dry and free of oil or grease, then sand
both the inside surface of the hull and the face of the transducer with
100 grit sandpaper. The surface of the hull must be flat so the entire
transducer face is in contact with the hull prior to bonding.
Spread epoxy here
Sand this surface
Epoxy transducer to hull.
2. Follow the instructions on the epoxy package and mix it thoroughly.
Do not mix it too fast, because it will cause bubbles to form in the epoxy. Apply a small amount on the face of the transducer as shown
above, then spread a small amount onto the sanded area on the hull.
25
Place the transducer into the epoxy, twisting and turning it to force
any air bubbles out from under the transducer face. The face of the
transducer should be parallel with the hull, with a minimum amount
of epoxy between the hull and transducer. After the epoxy dries,
route the cable to the sonar unit.
Speed/Temperature Sensors
This unit accepts up to three temperature sensors which can monitor
surface water, live well, air and virtually any other temperature. If you
want to use more than one temperature sensor or a speed sensor, you
must purchase the optional MY-4X adapter cable. You also need to be
careful when purchasing the temperature sensors, because each temperature sensor has its own fixed electronic "address." The sensors are
labeled "Water," "T-2" (or Temp-2) and "T-3" (or Temp-3).
The first "Water" temperature sensor is built into the transducer. This
is the sensor that measures surface water temperature. If you want two
(or more) temperature readings from other locations, you'll need to use
the proper sensors. For example, you can't use two additional T-3 sensors. The sensors that fit this unit are:
•
TS-1X
This sensor will over-ride the temperature sensor
built into the transducer and over-ride the temperature sensor in a ST-TGY combination sensor. (This sensor is not recommended.)
•
TS-2X
One sensor for "T-2" temperature display.
•
TS-3X
One sensor for "T-3" temperature display.
•
SP-X
One speed sensor for "Speed" display.
•
ST-TGY
This combination sensor will provide speed and
temperature readings, but the temperature
reading will be displayed as the "Water" temperature because it will over-ride the temperature sensor in the transducer. (This sensor is
not recommended.)
See the wiring diagram on the following page for temperature and
speed sensor combinations.
26
Sensor Chart
Sonar unit
rear view
Two-temperature
sensor installation
Temperature
sensor built into
transducer
MY-4X
Cable
TS-2X
temperature sensor
Three-temperature
sensor installation
TS-3X
temperature sensor
Three-temperature sensor
installation with speed
SP-X speed sensor
27
Optional Speed Sensor Installation
This unit can display speed and distance traveled; the feature requires
a speed sensor which may or may not come packaged with your unit. (If
you wish to purchase an optional additional sensor for your unit, refer
to the accessory ordering information inside the back cover of this
manual.) The following instructions describe how to install the speed
sensor.
Recommended tools for this job include: drill, 7/8" drill bit, 1/8" drill bit
for pilot holes, screwdriver. Required supplies for this job include: four
#8 stainless steel wood screws (3/4" long), high quality, marine grade
above- or below-waterline caulking compound.
First find a location on the boat's transom where the water flow is
smoothest. Don't mount the sensor behind strakes or ribs. These will
disturb the water flow to the speed sensor. Make sure the sensor will
remain in the water when the boat is on plane. Also make sure the location doesn't interfere with the boat's trailer. Typically, the sensor is
mounted about one foot to the side of the transom's centerline.
Once you've determined the proper location for the unit, place the sensor on the transom. The bottom of the bracket should be flush with the
hull's bottom. Using the sensor as a template, mark the hull for the
screws' pilot holes. Drill four 1/8" holes, one in each end of the slots.
Mount the sensor to the hull using #8 stainless steel wood screws (not
included). Use a high quality, marine grade above- or below-waterline
caulking compound to seal the screws. Make sure the sensor is flush
with the bottom of the hull and tighten the screws.
Good location
Stern view showing good location for mounting sensor on transom.
28
Transom
Bottom of hull
Bottom of hull
Speed sensor mounting configuration:
side view (left) and rear view (right.)
If the base of the transom has a radius, fill the gap between the transom and the sensor with the caulking compound. This will help ensure
a smooth water flow.
Route the sensor's cable through or over the transom to the sonar unit.
If you need to drill a hole in the transom to pass the connector through,
the required hole size is 7/8".
CAUTION:
If you drill a hole in the transom for the cable, make sure it is located above the waterline. After installation, be sure to seal the
hole with the same marine grade above- or below-waterline sealant used for the screws.
The sensor is now ready for use. Connect the sensor to the in-line connector on the MY-4X adapter cable. If you have any questions concerning the installation of the sensor, please contact your local boat dealer.
GPS Antenna/Receiver Module
This unit's package includes the LGC-12w GPS module. This device
contains the unit's external antenna and receiver for GPS and WAAS
signals. The antenna/receiver module comes with a 25-foot extension
cable. This module can be mounted on a flat surface or pole, or a magnet is included for temporary mounting on any ferrous surface. (The
LGC-12s GPS module sold with earlier Lowrance equipment will work
with your unit, but it will not receive WAAS signals.)
LGC-12 Module, bottom view (left) and top view (right).
29
You need to select an antenna installation location that has a clear, unobstructed view of the sky. After the module is installed, route the cable
to the unit, plug it in the center socket on the back and your system is
ready to use. See the module's instruction sheet, publication part number 988-0147-39, for complete installation directions.
In an automobile, you may achieve good results by simply placing the
external antenna on the top of the dash, at the base of the windshield.
A piece of the rubber non-skid shelf liner material available in recreational vehicle supply stores will help hold the antenna in place. This
may not work well if you have a cab-over design pickup truck camper or
motor home. If dashboard reception is poor, simply relocate the antenna module elsewhere on the vehicle for a clearer view of the sky.
Power Connections
The unit works from a 12-volt battery system. For the best results, attach the power cable directly to the battery. You can attach the power
cable to an accessory or power buss, however you may have problems
with electrical interference. Therefore, it's safer to go ahead and attach
the power cable directly to the battery.
If possible, keep the power cable away from other boat or vehicle wiring, especially the engine's wires. This will provide the best isolation
from electrical noise. If the cable is not long enough, splice #18 gauge
wire onto it. The power cable has two wires, red and black. Red is the
positive lead, black is negative or ground. Make sure to attach the inline fuse holder to the red lead as close to the power source as possible.
For example, if you have to extend the power cable to the battery or
power buss, attach one end of the fuse holder directly to the battery or
power buss. This will protect both the unit and the power cable in the
event of a short. It uses a 6-amp fuse.
To unit
Black wire
12 volt
battery
Data wires
Power connections for this sonar/GPS unit.
External speaker wires are not shown.
30
Red wire
with
6 amp
fuse
CAUTION:
Do not use this product without a 6-amp fuse wired into the power
cable! Failure to use a 6-amp fuse will void your warranty.
This unit has reverse polarity protection. No damage will occur if the
power wires are reversed. However, the unit will not work until the
wires are attached correctly.
An optional 8-foot, CA-4 external power cable with a cigarette lighter
adapter is available from Lowrance.
NMEA/DGPS Cable Connections
NMEA is a standard communications format for marine electronic
equipment. For example, an autopilot can connect to the NMEA interface on this unit and receive positioning information. The unit can exchange information with any device that transmits or receives NMEA
0183 data.
DGPS is an acronym for the Differential Global Positioning System.
DGPS supplements and boosts the accuracy of basic GPS. DGPS was
developed by the U.S. Coast Guard, which is responsible for the system's operation in the United States. Since its creation, DGPS has become the international maritime standard for marine navigation.
The most popular DGPS system relies on a grid of ground-based transmitters that send correction signals to DGPS receivers. These in turn,
connect to the GPS receiver (such as the LCX-104C). Lowrance offers
an optional DGPS receiver for your unit.
See the following diagrams for general wiring connections. Read your
other product’s owner’s manual for more wiring information.
NMEA/DGPS Wiring
To exchange NMEA or DGPS data, the unit has two NMEA 0183 version
2.0 communication ports. Com port one (Com-1) can be used to receive
NMEA format GPS data or DGPS data. Com-1 can also transmit NMEA
format GPS data to another device. Com-2 is for NMEA output only.
The three wires for the com port are combined with the two power
wires and the speaker wires to form the power/data cable (see the
drawing on page 33). Com-1 uses the yellow wire to transmit, the orange wire to receive and the shield wire for signal ground. Com-2 uses
the blue wire for transmit.
31
Communication Port Wiring Diagrams
Com-1
To unit
Yellow (Transmit)
Receive
Orange (Receive)
Transmit
Shield (Ground)
Ground
To DGPS
Receiver
Com-1 wiring to receive DGPS position information
from a DGPS receiver.
Com-1
To unit
Orange (Receive)
NMEA Transmit
Shield (Ground)
Ground
To Other
GPS Receiver
Com-1 wiring to receive NMEA position information
from some other GPS receiver.
Yellow (Transmit)
Com-1
To unit
NMEA Receive
Ground
Shield (Ground)
To Other
Device
Com-1 wiring to transmit NMEA position information
to another NMEA-compatible device.
Blue (Transmit)
Com-2
To unit
NMEA Receive
Shield (Ground)
To Other
Device
Ground
Com-2 wiring to transmit NMEA position information
to another NMEA-compatible device.
32
GPS socket
Sonar unit,
rear view
Sonar socket
Power/Data socket
Com port
data wires
(three)
Power wires
(two)
Transducer
GPS
antenna
module
Cable connections.
Note: External speaker wires in power/data cable not shown.
Mounting the Unit: Bracket or In-Dash
You can install the unit on the top of a dash with the supplied gimbal
bracket. It can also be installed in the dash. For an in-dash mount, consult the factory customer service department. Service contact information is inside the back cover of this manual.
Bracket Installation
Mount the unit in any convenient location, provided there is clearance
behind the unit when it's tilted for the best viewing angle. You should
also make sure there is enough room behind the unit to attach the
power, transducer and GPS antenna/receiver module cables. (A drawing on the next page shows the dimensions of a gimbal-mounted unit.)
Holes in the bracket's base allow wood screw or through-bolt mounting.
You may need to place a piece of plywood on the back side of thin fiberglass panels to reinforce the panel and secure the mounting hardware.
33
12.2
[310.3]
3.6
[91.8]
9.1
[231.3]
Inch
[Millimeter]
2.3
[58]
Front view (left) and side view (right) showing dimensions of the sonar/GPS unit when mounted on gimbal bracket.
Cable hole
Screw
mounting
hole
Front
Install the gimbal bracket. Orient the bracket so the arms slope toward
the front of your unit.
34
Once a location is determined, use the bracket as a template and mark
the mounting holes and the hole for the cables. Drill a 1-inch (25.4 mm)
hole in the dash for the power, transducer and antenna cables. Screw
the bracket to the mounting surface.
To pass all connectors through the 1" hole, first pass the transducer
connector up through the hole from under the dash, followed by any
accessory cables. Next, pass the power cable's bare-wire end down
though the hole from the top.
If you wish, you can fill in the hole around the cables with a good marine caulking compound. Be sure to leave enough slack in the cables to
allow tilting the unit.
Attach the unit to the gimbal bracket using the supplied gimbal knobs
and washers, attach the cables and the unit is ready to use.
MMC or SDC Memory Card Installation
Your unit uses MultiMedia Cards to store information, such as sonar
logs, custom maps, waypoints, trails and other GPS data. The unit can
also use Secure Digital Cards (SD card or SDC) to store data. The unit
can use up to two cards at the same time; an MMC and an SDC can be
used together at the same time.
NOTE:
Throughout this manual, we will use the term MMC, but just remember that your unit can use an MMC or SDC to store data.
Both of these solid-state flash memory devices are about the size of a
postage stamp. An SD card is slightly thicker than an MMC. As this
manual went to press, MMCs were available in storage capacities of 8
MB, 16 MB, 32 MB and 64 MB. SD cards were available in capacities of
8 MB, 16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 MB and 256 MB.
Additional MMC cards are available from LEI Extras; see ordering information inside the back cover of this manual. MMCs and SD cards
are also available at many camera and consumer electronics stores.
The two MMC slots are located in compartments on the front of the
case. The water-proof compartment doors are located at the lower right
corner. The following figure shows a close-up of one compartment with
the door opened.
35
MMC groove for card removal
Thumb
screw
Insert card face up,
this way
Memory card compartment with a 16 MB MMC card installed.
To remove an MMC
1. Open the card compartment door by unscrewing the thumb screw.
The screw should only be finger tight. If it was over-tightened, use a
thumbnail, a coin or a screwdriver to open the door.
2. Use a thumbnail or fingernail to grab the groove in the bottom of the
MMC. See the figure above for the groove location.
3. Drag the MMC from the slot.
To add an MMC or SDC
1. Open the card compartment door.
2. Grasp the bottom of the MMC and push the top of the card into the
slot. Once the card is started, use your fingernails to slide it the rest of
the way to the left, until it is firmly seated in the slot.
3. Close the compartment door and fasten the thumb screw finger tight.
Other Accessories
Screen Cleaning Kit
Your unit's display screen is equipped with a special anti-glare filter
that improves readability in a wide range of lighting conditions. A bottle of filter cleaning fluid is included with your unit. Additional bottles
of cleaner may be purchased from your dealer or LEI Extras, the accessory source for Lowrance equipment. Accessory ordering information is
on the inside back cover of this manual.
WARNING:
Improperly cleaning your unit's screen can result in
damage to the anti-glare filter. This type of damage is
not covered by the warranty. To protect the screen and
36
its anti-glare properties, always use the special cleaner
available from your dealer or LEI Extras.
To remove fingerprints, water spots, dust or other grime from the
screen, hold the bottle about 6 inches (15 cm) from the screen and
spray. Wipe immediately with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth.
MMC and MapCreate
Other available accessories include MMC cards, MMC card readers and
MapCreate™ 6 custom mapping software for your computer. MMC card
readers are available in USB and parallel port versions. This unit ships
with the MapCreate accessory pack, which includes the software, one
USB card reader and one 16 MB MMC. See the MapCreate manual and
the card reader instruction sheet for installation information.
MapCreate™ 6 CD-ROM, left; MMC card reader for USB ports, right.
Switch Boxes
Two switch boxes are available for this unit. The SB-7X transducer
switch box switches two transducers to one sonar unit. The SB-8X transducer switch box switches two sonar units to one transducer.
If these accessories are not available from your dealer, see the accessory ordering information on the inside back cover of this manual. Visit
our web site for a complete listing of all the available accessories for
your unit.
External Speaker
Your unit can play sounds to an external speaker. This feature can be
convenient any time you are away from the unit – especially in a larger
boat – but still want to hear its alarms. You might install a small
speaker at the stern of your boat so you won't miss a dangerous Shallow Alarm while fishing, or put one in your galley so you can hear the
GPS Arrival Alarm.
37
You can purchase an external speaker at your nearest audio electronics
store. The unit is designed to work with most speakers, but make sure
to buy one that meets these minimum requirements:
•
•
Minimum 8-ohm resistance
Minimum 5-watt power
In your vessel or vehicle, mount the speaker wherever you want to hear
your unit's sounds. (Follow the speaker's installation instructions).
Next, connect the speaker to your unit. The external audio wires are
the labeled red and black wires in the power/data cable. The speaker's
input cable should have two exposed wires: a positive and a negative
(ground). Connect the speaker's positive wire to the unit's red speaker
wire, and the speaker's negative (ground) wire to the unit's black
speaker wire.
The unit should automatically begin to play any active sounds through
the attached speaker.
Face Cover
Your unit comes with a white protective cover that snaps on and off the
front of the unit. When the unit is in storage, the cover protects the
screen from damage that can result from long-term exposure to the
sun's ultraviolet rays. This cover is intended for use when your unit
and the vehicle it's mounted in are idle.
WARNING:
When the unit is mounted in an unprotected area, such
as an open boat cockpit, the protective face cover must
be removed when the vehicle is moving at high speed.
This includes towing a boat on a trailer at highway
speeds. Otherwise, wind blast can pop off the cover.
Now that you have your unit installed, move on to Sec. 3, Basic Sonar
Operations. There, we'll present a series of step-by-step tutorials to
teach you the basics of your sonar operation.
NOTE:
When you first turn the unit on, the Map Page appears. If you'd
rather start learning about GPS operation first, turn over to Sec. 6,
Basic GPS Operations. (Remember, you don't need to read this
manual from cover-to-cover to get going. We designed it so you can
skip around to the section you want to read.)
38
Section 3:
Basic Sonar Operation
This section addresses the unit's most basic sonar operations. The instructions presented in Sec. 3 follow a chronological order. Sec. 4, Sonar
Options & Other Features, will discuss other more advanced functions
and utilities. Material in Sec. 4 is arranged in alphabetical order.
Before you turn on the unit, it's a good idea to learn about the different
keys, the Main Menu, the four Page screens and how they all work together. BUT, if you just can't wait to get on the water, turn to the onepage Quick Reference on page 47.
Keyboard
4
8
9
2
7
3
6
5
1
MMC doors
LCX-104C sonar/GPS unit, front view, showing sonar screen,
keyboard and access doors for the MMC compartment.
1. PWR/LIGHT (Power & Light) – The PWR key turns the unit on and
off and activates the backlight.
2. PAGES – Pressing this and the ← → arrow keys switches the unit
between the four different page screens. (Satellite Status Page, Navigation Page, Map Page and Sonar Page.) Each page represents one of the
unit's major operation modes.
39
3. MENU – Press this key to show the menus and submenus, which
allow you to select a command or adjust a feature. This also accesses
search functions for streets, intersections, addresses and highway exits.
4. ARROW KEYS – These keys are used to navigate through the
menus, make menu selections, move the map and sonar chart cursors
and enter data.
5. ENT/ICONS (Enter & Icons) – This key allows you to save data, accept values or execute menu commands. It is also used to create event
marker icons.
6. EXIT – The Exit key lets you return to the previous screen, clear
data or erase a menu.
7. WPT – (Waypoint) The Waypoint key is used to save and recall waypoints, search for waypoints and access the waypoint list. It also
launches the Point-of-Interest (POI) search menus and is involved in
some navigation functions.
8. ZOUT – (Zoom Out) – This key lets you zoom the screen out. On the
Sonar Page, this key returns you to a full sonar chart display, showing
the entire water column from surface to bottom. On the Map Page, this
lets you see a larger geographic area on the map. Less detail is seen as
you zoom out.
9. ZIN – (Zoom In) – This key lets you zoom the screen in. On the Sonar
Page, this key enlarges fish signals and bottom detail. On the Map
Page, zooming in lets you see greater detail in a smaller geographic
area on the map.
Power/lights on and off
To turn on the unit, press PWR. As the unit powers up, the Map Page is
displayed first. To switch to the Sonar Page, press PAGES|→|EXIT.
To turn on the backlight, press PWR again. The unit has three backlight
levels to select from. Repeatedly pressing PWR will cycle through the
backlight settings and turn off the backlight.
Turn off the unit by pressing and holding the PWR key for 3 seconds.
Main Menu
The unit has a Main Menu, which contains some function commands
and some setup option commands. The instructions in this section will
deal only with sonar functions, the basic commands that make the unit
show sonar signals on your screen. This unit will work fine right out of
the box with the factory default settings. But, if you want to learn
40
about the various sonar options, see Sec. 4, Sonar Options & Other Features. (For general system setup and GPS options, see Sec. 8, System
Setup and GPS Setup Options.)
You can access the Main Menu from any of the four Page screens by
pressing MENU|MENU. To clear the menu screen and return to the page
display, press EXIT. (Remember, our text style for "MENU|MENU" means
"press the Menu key twice." See a full explanation of our instruction
text formatting on page 10, Instructions = Menu Sequences.)
Main Menu.
The Main Menu commands and their functions are:
Screen command: changes the contrast or brightness of the display
screen.
Sounds command: enables or disables the sounds for key strokes and
alarms and sets the alarm style.
Alarms command: turns GPS alarms on or off and changes alarm
thresholds.
Route Planning command: used to plan, view or navigate a route.
My Trails command: shows, creates and deletes plot trails. Also used
to navigate or backtrack a trail.
Cancel Navigation command: turns off the various navigation commands. Used to stop navigating after you have reached your destination waypoint, Point of Interest or map cursor location; or after you
reach the end of a route or trail.
Sonar Setup command: sets various sonar options.
GPS Setup command: sets various GPS receiver options.
41
System Setup command: sets general configuration options.
Sun/Moon Calculations command: finds the rising and setting time
of the sun and the moon.
Trip Calculator command: shows trip status and statistics.
Timers command: controls the up timer, down timer and alarm clock
settings.
Browse MMC Files command: this allows you to view the installed
MMC card and the files it contains.
Pages
The unit has four Page displays that represent the four major operating
modes. They are the Satellite Status Page, the Navigation Page, the Map
Page and Sonar Page. They are accessed by pressing the PAGES key, then
using → or ← to select a Page. (Clear the Pages Menu by pressing EXIT.)
FlashGraf
Pages Menu, showing some Sonar display options.
Satellite Status Page
The Satellite Status Page provides detailed information on the status of
the unit's satellite lock-on and position acquisition. To get to the Satellite Status Page: Press the PAGES key, then use → or ← to select STATUS.
(Clear the Pages Menu by pressing EXIT.)
This page represents a GPS function, so it is discussed in much greater
detail in Sec. 6.
No matter what Page you are on, a flashing current position indicator/question mark symbol and flashing GPS data displays indicate that
satellite lock has been lost and there is no position confirmed.
42
WARNING:
Do not begin navigating with this unit until the numbers
have stopped flashing!
Satellite Status Page showing satellite lock-on with a 3D position
acquired (latitude, longitude and altitude), including WAAS reception.
Navigation Page
This screen has a compass rose that not only shows your direction of
travel, but also the direction to a recalled waypoint. To get to the Navigation Page: Press PAGES| → or ← to NAVIGATION|EXIT.
This page represents a GPS function, so it is discussed in much greater
detail in Sec. 6.
Navigation Page, recording a trail, traveling east.
Map Page
The Map Page screens show your course and track from a "bird's-eye"
view, on a moving map. By default, this unit shows the map with north
43
always at the top of the screen. The arrow in the center of the screen is
your present position. It points in the direction you're traveling.
Map Page, showing position on Bull Shoals Lake, Arkansas. At left is
the full map option. At right, map with sonar option.
Map Page is also the default screen that appears when you turn on the
unit. To get to the Map Page from another page: Press PAGES| → or ←
to MAP|EXIT.
You can display a split screen showing both the Map and Sonar pages
at the same time. This feature is discussed in Sec. 4, Sonar Options &
Other Features.
The Map Page represents a GPS function, so it is discussed in much
greater detail in Sec. 6.
Sonar Page
The Sonar Page displays the sonar chart. This is a "cross-section" view
of the water column beneath the boat. The chart moves across the
screen, displaying sonar signal echoes that represent fish, structure
and the bottom.
To get to the Sonar Page: Press the PAGES key, then use → or ← to select SONAR. (Clear the Pages Menu by pressing EXIT.) The Pages Menu
also offers five chart display options under the Sonar Page category. To
access them, press PAGES|← or→ to SONAR|↓ to Option Name|EXIT.
The Sonar Page also has its own menu, which is used for some advanced
functions and for setting various options. (Sonar Options and other features are discussed in Sec. 4.) To Access the Sonar Page menu, from the
Sonar Page press MENU.
44
FlashGraf
At left, Pages Menu, showing sonar chart display option commands.
At right, Sonar Page in full sonar chart display mode.
Sonar chart display options (from left) split zoom and split frequency.
Sonar chart display options (from left) digital data and FlashGraf .
Tip:
You can adjust the horizontal window size on pages with two major
windows, such as FlashGraf. Read about the Resize Windows command on page 102.
45
Sonar Page Menu. Most of these functions are discussed in Sec. 4.
Digital data
overlay
(depth &
temperature)
Surface signal
Surface clutter
Depth scale
Zoom bar
Fish arches
In FasTrack, fish
arches show as
horizontal bars.
Structure
Bottom signal
Frequency
FasTrack
bar graph
Sonar Page, showing full sonar chart mode.
You can customize how the Sonar Page displays its pictures and other data
in many ways. Your unit also includes several special sonar features and
options that can help you better interpret the underwater scene.
We'll discuss all of those features and options in Sec. 4, but to show you
how easy the unit is to operate, the following page contains a simplified,
10-step quick reference that will cover most fish finding situations. The
quick reference describes how your unit will operate with all the sonar
features in their automatic modes, which are set at the factory.
46
LCX-104C Sonar Quick Reference
1. Mount the transducer, antenna and unit. Connect the unit to electric
power and the transducer. (If GPS operation is desired, connect GPS
antenna, too.) Make sure the MMC is in. (See complete installation details beginning on page 13.)
2. Launch your boat.
3. To turn on the unit, press and release PWR key.
4. Opening screen displays Map Page. Rotate through the four main
Page screens (Map Page, Satellite Status Page, Navigation Page, Sonar
Page) by pressing PAGES|← or → to select Page Name|EXIT. Switch
Pages to display Sonar Page.
5. If GPS data is desired, wait while unit locates satellites and calculates
current position. When the unit acquires position, a tone sounds and a position acquired message appears.
6. With position acquired (if desired), head for your fishing grounds.
Your unit will automatically display digital depth and surface water
temperature in the top left corner of the screen.
The auto settings will track the bottom, displaying it in the lower portion of the screen. The full sonar chart will scroll from right to left,
showing you what's under the boat as you cruise across the water. You
can change the display by:
Zoom in to enlarge the chart for more detail: press ZIN.
Zoom out to return to full chart mode: press ZOUT.
7. Watch the display for the appearance of fish arches. When you see
arches, you've found fish! Stop the boat and get your lure or bait into
the water at the depth indicated on the sonar chart.
8. Gauge the fish depth by visually comparing the fish arches with the
depth scale on the right side of the screen, or get a more accurate
measure with the Depth Cursor. Press MENU|↓ to DEPTH CURSOR|ENT.
Press ↓ to align the cursor line with the fish arch. The exact depth appears in a box at the right end of the cursor line. To clear the cursor,
press EXIT.
9. If you are drifting at a very low speed or anchored, you are not moving fast enough for a fish to return the tell-tale fish arch signal. As you
drift over a fish, or as a fish swims through the transducer's signal
cone, the fish echo will appear as a straight line suspended between the
surface and the bottom.
10. To turn off the unit, press and hold PWR key for three seconds.
47
Sonar Operations
As you can see from the quick reference on the previous page, basic operation
is pretty easy, right out of the box. If you are a sonar novice, try operating the
unit with the factory defaults until you get a feel for how it's working.
As you're learning the basics, there is one setting you might want to tinker
with from time to time — Sensitivity.
Sensitivity controls the unit's ability to pick up echoes. If you want to see
more detail, try increasing the sensitivity, a little at a time. There are situations when too much clutter appears on the screen. Decreasing the sensitivity
can reduce the clutter and show the strongest fish echoes, if fish are present.
As you change the sensitivity setting, you can see the difference on the chart
as it scrolls.
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 4
Fig. 3
These figures show results of different sensitivity levels on the same
location. Fig. 1: Sensitivity at 88 percent, determined by Auto Sensitivity. Typical of full auto mode. Fig. 2: Sensitivity set at 75 percent. Fig.
3: Sensitivity set at 50 percent. Fig. 4: Sensitivity set at 100 percent.
You can change the sensitivity level whether you are in Auto Sensitivity mode or Manual Sensitivity mode. The adjustment method works
the same in both modes, but it gives you slightly different results.
48
Adjusting sensitivity in Auto Sensitivity Mode is similar to manually adjusting a car's speed with the accelerator pedal while cruise control is on.
You can tell the car to run faster, but when you let off the gas the cruise
control automatically keeps you from running slower than the minimum
speed setting. In this unit, auto mode will let you increase sensitivity to
100 percent, but the unit will limit your minimum setting. This prevents
you from turning sensitivity down too low to allow automatic bottom
tracking. When you change the setting with auto turned on, the unit will
continue to track the bottom and make minor adjustments to the sensitivity level, with a bias toward the setting you selected.
Adjusting sensitivity in Manual Sensitivity Mode is similar to driving a
car without cruise control — you have complete manual control of the
car's speed. In this unit, manual mode allows you to set sensitivity at
100 percent (maximum) or zero percent (minimum.) Depending on water conditions, the bottom signal may completely disappear from the
screen when you reduce sensitivity to about 50 percent or less!
Try adjusting sensitivity in both auto and manual modes to see how
they work.
To adjust sensitivity:
1. Press MENU|ENT.
2. The Sensitivity Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease sensitivity;
press ↑ to increase sensitivity. When it's set at the desired level, press
EXIT. (When you reach the maximum or minimum limit, a tone sounds.)
At left, Sonar Menu with Sensitivity command selected. At right, the
Sensitivity Control Bar.
NOTE:
If you want to change the sensitivity in Manual Mode, first turn off
Auto Sensitivity: from the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to AUTO
SENSITIVITY|ENT|↑ to SENSITIVITY|ENT. Press ↓ or ↑ to pick a different
sensitivity setting. When it's set at the desired level, press EXIT.
49
Important Tip:
While you are experimenting and learning, it's possible to scramble
the settings so that the sonar picture disappears from your screen.
If that happens, remember that it's easy to switch back to full
automatic operation by simply restoring the factory auto settings.
Here's how:
To Restore Factory Settings
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to RESET OPTIONS|ENT.
2. The unit asks if you want to reset all the options. Press ← to
YES|ENT. All options are reset, and the unit reverts back to the Map
Page at the 4000 mile zoom range. (Any recorded sonar logs or GPS
data will be unchanged.)
Fish Symbols vs. Full Sonar Chart
You may have noticed in the quick reference that we used fish arches in
full sonar chart mode for our example, and not the popular Fish I.D.
fish symbol feature. Here's why.
Fish I.D. is an easier way for a sonar novice to recognize a fishy signal
return when he sees it. However, locating fish by symbol only has some
limitations.
Your sonar unit's microprocessor is remarkably powerful, but it can be
fooled. Some of the echoes calculated to be fish could be tree limbs or
turtles! To see what's under your boat in maximum detail, we recommend you turn off Fish I.D. and begin learning to interpret fish arches.
Fish I.D. is most handy when you're in another part of the boat or performing some task that prevents you from watching the sonar screen.
Then, you can turn on Fish I.D. and the audible fish alarm. When that
lunker swims under your boat, you'll hear it!
Fish I.D. can also be useful when you want to screen out some of the
sonar detail gathered by your unit. For example, in one case fisherman
in San Francisco Bay saw clouds of clutter in the water but no fish
arches. When a down rigger was pulled up, it brought up several small
jellyfish. The fisherman switched their Lowrance sonar to Fish I.D.,
which screened out the schools of jellyfish and clearly showed the game
fish there as fish symbols.
Other Free Training Aids
The sonar options section discusses Fish I.D., fish alarms and other
features in greater detail. If you or a friend has Internet access, you can
also learn more about interpreting what you see on your sonar screen.
Visit our web site, WWW.LOWRANCE.COM. Be sure to check out the free
50
Sonar Tutorial, which includes animated illustrations and more pictures of actual sonar returns, all described in detail. There's even a
"printer friendly" version of the tutorial available on our web site…it
makes a great supplement to this operation manual!
You can also download a free copy of our Sonar Viewer software. This
PC-based software application plays back any sonar chart log recorded
with a Lowrance sonar product. Features include:
•
Adjustable range, zoom, sensitivity, color line, noise rejection,
surface clarity, etc. of the recorded file.
•
Color interpretation of sonar signals can be user defined.
•
Operates like a Windows Multimedia Player with forward, reverse, pause, fast forward, fast reverse, and scroll buttons.
•
Adjustments update the entire record displayed
•
Can print in full color.
•
Window can dynamically be sized on your monitor.
•
Mouse cursor shows GPS position, depth and sounding number
anywhere on the visible record.
For the ultimate training aid, be sure to download the free emulator
software for your unit. Aside from being just plain fun, this program
can help you learn both basic and advanced operations without burning
boat fuel! Lowrance is the first sonar manufacturer to provide this type
of training tool for customers.
This PC application simulates the actual sonar/GPS unit on your computer. You can run it from your computer keyboard or use your mouse
to press the virtual keys. Easy download and installation instructions
are available on our web site.
51
Free training emulator is available for your unit on our web site.
The emulator works exactly like your real sonar/GPS unit. Using the
Sonar Simulator and GPS Simulator features, it allows you to play
back sonar logs, run GPS routes and trails, even create real waypoints
you can use in the field! You can even take snapshots of the Sonar
Chart and print them or e-mail them to friends.
52
Section 4:
Sonar Options & Other Features
Material in this section is arranged in alphabetical order.
ASP (Advanced Signal Processing)
The ASP feature is a noise rejection system built into the sonar unit
that constantly evaluates the effects of boat speed, water conditions
and interference. This automatic feature gives you the best display possible under most conditions.
The ASP feature is an effective tool in combating noise. In sonar terms,
noise is any undesired signal. It is caused by electrical and mechanical
sources such as bilge pumps, engine ignition systems and wiring, air
bubbles passing over the face of the transducer, even vibration from the
engine. In all cases, noise can produce unwanted marks on the display.
The ASP feature has four settings — Off, Low, Medium and High. If
you have high noise levels, try using the "High" ASP setting. However,
if you are having trouble with noise, we suggest that you take steps to
find the interference source and fix it, rather than continually using the
unit with the high ASP setting.
There are times when you may want to turn the ASP feature off. This
allows you to view all incoming echoes before they are processed by the
ASP feature.
At left, Sonar Menu with Sonar Features selected. In the Sonar Features
menu, Noise Rejection is selected with ASP in the default low setting.
To change the ASP level:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
2. Press → ↓ or ↓ to NOISE REJECTION|ENT.
3. Press ↓ or ↑ to select a setting, then press ENT.
4. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
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Alarms
This unit has three different types of sonar alarms. The first is the Fish
Alarm. It sounds when the Fish I.D. feature determines that an echo
is a fish.
Another alarm is the Zone Alarm, which consists of a bar on the side of
the screen. Any echo on the chart that appears inside this bar triggers
this alarm.
The last alarm is the Depth Alarm, which has both a Shallow and a
Deep setting. Only the bottom signal will trigger this alarm. This is
useful as an anchor watch, a shallow water alert or for navigation.
Depth Alarms
The depth alarms sound a tone when the bottom signal goes shallower
than the shallow alarm's setting or deeper than the deep alarm's setting. For example, if you set the shallow alarm to 10 feet, the alarm will
sound a tone if the bottom signal is less than 10 feet. It will continue to
sound until the bottom goes deeper than 10 feet.
The deep alarm works just the opposite. It sounds a warning tone if the
bottom depth goes deeper than the alarm's setting. Both depth alarms
work only off the digital bottom depth signals. No other targets will trip
these alarms. These alarms can be used at the same time or individually.
At left, Main Menu and Sonar Alarms command.
At right, the Sonar Alarms menu.
To adjust and turn on the shallow alarm:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to SONAR ALARMS|ENT.
2. Press → to SHALLOW ALARM DEPTH|ENT.
3. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first number, then press → to move the
cursor to the next number and repeat until the depth is correct, then
press ENT.
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4. Press ← to SHALLOW ALARM ENABLED|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
5. To turn off the alarm, press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to
SONAR ALARMS|ENT|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
To switch to a different depth setting, open the Sonar Alarms menu and
repeat the instructions in step 3 above.
To adjust and turn on the deep alarm:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to SONAR ALARMS|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to DEEP ALARM ENABLED|→ to DEEP ALARM DEPTH|ENT.
3. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first number, then press → to move the
cursor to the next number and repeat until the depth is correct, then
press ENT.
4. Press ← to DEEP ALARM ENABLED|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
5. To turn off the alarm, press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to
SONAR ALARMS|ENT|↓ to DEEP ALARM ENABLED|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
To switch to a different depth setting, open the Sonar Alarms menu and
repeat the instructions in step 3 above.
Zone Alarm
The zone alarm is triggered when any echo passes inside the zone
alarm bar, shown on the right side of the screen.
To adjust and turn on the zone alarm:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to SONAR ALARMS|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to ZONE ALARM ENABLED|→ to ADJUST ZONE|ENT.
At left, Sonar Alarms menu, with Adjust Zone command selected.
At right, Adjust Zone Alarm selection box, with Upper Limit selected.
3. To set the upper boundary for the Zone Alarm, use ← or→ to select
UPPER, then press ↑ or ↓ to move the top of the bar to the desired depth.
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4. To set the lower boundary for the Zone Alarm, use ← or→ to select
LOWER, then press ↑ or ↓ to move the bottom of the bar to the desired
depth.
5. Press EXIT|← to ZONE ALARM ENABLED|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT. Now, any
echo — fish, bottom, structure — within the zone alarm's depth range
will trigger the zone alarm.
6. To turn off the alarm, press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to
SONAR ALARMS|ENT|↓ to ZONE ALARM ENABLED|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
To switch to a different depth setting, open the Sonar Alarms menu and
repeat the instructions in steps 3 and 4 above.
Fish Alarm
Use the fish alarm for a distinctive audible alarm when fish or other
suspended objects are detected by the Fish I.D. feature (Fish I.D.
must be turned on for the Fish Alarm to work). A different tone sounds
for each fish symbol size shown on the display.
Sonar Alarms menu with Fish Alarm selected. The check box to
the left is blank, indicating the alarm is turned off.
To turn the fish alarm on:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to SONAR ALARMS|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to FISH ALARM|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
3. To turn off the alarm, press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT|↓ to
SONAR ALARMS|ENT|↓ to FISH ALARM|ENT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Calibrate Speed
The speed sensor can be calibrated to compensate for inaccuracies. Before you change the setting, first calculate the percentage that the
speed is off. You will enter this percentage in a moment.
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For example, if you figure the sensor is reading 10 percent faster than
actual speed, you will enter – 10 in the calibration window. If the sensor is reading 5 percent slower than true speed, you will enter + 5 in
the window.
A good way to gauge your speed sensor's performance is to compare its
reading with the ground speed measured by your unit's GPS functions.
When you make a run to compare GPS ground speed to speed sensor
speed, perform your test in relatively calm water free of current, if possible. (Unless, of course, you are taking the current speed into consideration when making your calculation.) After you have a correction figure, here's how to enter it:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SONAR SETUP|ENT|↓ to CALIBRATE WATER
SPEED|ENT.
2. Enter the number you calculated earlier: press ↑ or ↓ to change the
first character (+ or –), then press → to move the cursor to the next
number and repeat until the percentage is correct, then press EXIT.
Chart Speed
The rate that echoes scroll across the screen is called the chart speed.
The default is maximum; we recommend that you leave the speed set
there for virtually all fishing conditions.
However, you might consider experimenting with chart speed when you
are stationary or drifting very slowly. You may sometimes achieve better images as you slow down the chart speed to match how fast you are
moving across the bottom.
If you are at anchor, ice fishing or fishing from a dock, experiment with
a chart speed around 50 percent. If you are drifting slowly, try a chart
speed around 75 percent. When you are stationary and a fish swims
through the sonar signal cone, the image appears on the screen as a
long line instead of a fish arch. Reducing the chart speed may result in
a shorter line that more closely resembles a regular fish return.
At left, Sonar Page menu with Chart Speed command selected.
At right, Chart Speed Control Bar.
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If you do experiment with chart speed, remember to reset it to maximum when you resume trolling or moving across the water at higher
speed. To change chart speed:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to CHART SPEED|ENT.
2. The Chart Speed Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease chart
speed; press ↑ to increase chart speed.
3. When it's set at the desired level, press EXIT.
ColorLine
ColorLine lets you distinguish between strong and weak echoes. It
"paints" a brighter color on targets that are stronger than a preset
value. This allows you to tell the difference between a hard and soft
bottom. For example, a soft, muddy or weedy bottom returns a weaker
signal which is shown with a narrow, colored line (dark blue tinged
with red or a little yellow.) Since fish are among the weakest echoes,
they show up mostly as blue arches. A hard bottom or other relatively
hard target returns a strong signal which causes a wider brightly colored line (reddish yellow to bright yellow.)
If you have two signals of equal size, one with red to yellow color and
the other without, then the target with brighter color (yellow) is the
stronger signal. This helps distinguish weeds from trees on the bottom,
or fish from structure.
ColorLine is adjustable. Experiment with your unit to find the ColorLine setting that's best for you.
At left, Sonar Page menu with ColorLine command selected.
At right, the ColorLine control bar.
To adjust the ColorLine level:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to COLORLINE|ENT.
2. The ColorLine Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease ColorLine;
press ↑ to increase Colorline.
3. When it's set at the desired level, press EXIT.
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Fig. 1A
Fig. 1B
Fish near
Hard
structure structure
Colorline
Fig. 2A
Fig. 2B
Hard
bottom
Muddy
bottom
Colorline
Fig. 3A
Fig. 3B
Muddy
bottom
Hard
bottom
ColorLine
This series of figures shows how different ColorLine settings can reveal
more information. The "A" figures to the left show locations with ColorLine set at the factory level of 70 percent. At right, the "B" figures show
the same locations with ColorLine increased to 84 percent. In Figure 1B,
no fish are near the left structure, but the right structure shows fish
holding next to the structure. Notice in figures 2B and 3B how ColorLine displays a hard, rocky bottom (the drop-offs) with a wider yellow
line. (The yellow is gray in this black and white illustration.) The muddier bottom below those drop-offs appears as a narrower yellow line.
59
Depth Cursor
The depth cursor consists of a horizontal line with a digital depth box on
the right side. The numbers inside the box show the depth of the cursor.
Cursor line
Depth box
At left, Sonar Page menu with Depth Cursor command selected. At
right, sonar chart with the depth cursor active. The line indicates the
large fish is 21.95 feet deep.
The cursor can be moved to any location on the screen, letting you pinpoint the depth of a target.
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to DEPTH CURSOR|ENT.
2. The depth cursor appears. Press ↓ to lower the cursor line; press ↑ to
raise the cursor line.
3. To clear the depth cursor, press EXIT.
Depth Range - Automatic
When turned on for the first time, the bottom signal is automatically
placed in the lower half of the screen. This is called Auto Ranging and
is part of the automatic function. However, depending upon the bottom
depth and the current range, you can change the range to a different
depth. To do this:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to DEPTH RANGE|ENT.
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At left, Sonar Page menu with Depth Range command selected. At
right, the Depth Range Control Scale.
2. The Depth Range Control Scale appears. Press ↑ or ↓ to select a different depth range. A black bar highlights the selected range. Range
numbers in gray cannot be selected.
3. When the new range is selected, press EXIT to clear the menu.
Depth Range - Manual
You have complete control over the range when the unit is in the manual mode. There are 16 depth ranges, from 5 feet to 4,000 feet.
To switch to Manual Depth Range:
1. First, turn off automatic depth range. From the Sonar Page, press
MENU|↓ to AUTO DEPTH RANGE|ENT.
2. Press ↑ to DEPTH RANGE|ENT and the Depth Range Control Scale appears.
3. Press ↓ or ↑ to select a different depth range. A horizontal black bar
highlights the selected range.
4. When the new range is selected, press EXIT to clear the menu.
To turn Auto Depth Range on again:
From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to AUTO DEPTH RANGE|ENT|EXIT.
NOTE:
The sonar's depth capability depends on the transducer installation, water and bottom conditions, and other factors.
Depth Range - Upper and Lower Limits
Virtually any segment of the water column can be displayed by using
the upper and lower limit feature. This lets you pick the shallow and
deep depth range limits that are shown on the screen, provided there is
at least 10 feet between the upper and lower limit you select. For example, a range from 12 feet to 34 feet could be used.
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Changing the upper and lower limits gives you far greater control over
the depth range. This feature lets you "zoom in" the display in almost
unlimited combinations. Nearly any segment of the water column, from
the surface to the bottom can be shown. This enlarges the sonar targets
to best suit your fishing needs and water conditions.
At left, Sonar Page Menu with Upper and Lower Limits command selected. At right, Sonar Chart Limits menu, with Upper Limit selected.
To change the upper and lower limits:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to UPPER AND LOWER LIMITS|ENT.
The Sonar Chart Limits menu appears, with Upper Limit selected.
2. To set the upper limit, press ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first
number, then press → to move the cursor to the next number and repeat until the depth is correct, then press EXIT.
3. To set the lower limit, press ↓ to LOWER LIMIT|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to
change the first number, then press → to move the cursor to the next
number and repeat until the depth is correct, then press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Fish arches
Area "zoomed"
Normal display, in auto depth range mode, left. At right, display "zoomed"
with Upper and Lower Limits focusing on the portion of the water column
from 25 feet to 45 feet deep. In the "zoomed" image, note the target definition at the right, showing two fish holding just off the structure.
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To turn off upper and lower limits:
From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to AUTO DEPTH RANGE|ENT|EXIT.
FasTrack
This feature automatically converts all echoes to short horizontal lines
on the display's far right side. The graph on the rest of the screen continues to operate normally. FasTrack gives you a rapid update of conditions directly under the boat. This makes it useful for ice fishing, or
when you're fishing at anchor. When the boat is not moving, fish signals are long, drawn out lines on a normal chart display. FasTrack converts the graph to a vertical bar graph that, with practice, makes a useful addition to fishing at a stationary location.
Surface clutter
Fish arches
In FasTrack, fish
arches show as
horizontal bars.
Structure
Colorline
Bottom signal
FasTrack
bar graph
Sonar Page showing FasTrack.
Fish I.D. (Fish Symbols & Depths)
The Fish I.D. feature identifies targets that meet certain conditions as
fish. The microcomputer analyzes all echoes and eliminates surface
clutter, thermoclines, and other signals that are undesirable. In most
instances, remaining targets are fish. The Fish I.D. feature displays
fish symbols on the screen in place of the actual fish echoes.
There are several fish symbol sizes. These are used to designate the
relative size between targets. In other words, Fish I.D. displays a small
fish symbol when it thinks a target is a small fish, a medium fish symbol on a larger target and so on.
The sonar's microcomputer is sophisticated, but it can be fooled. It can't
distinguish between fish and other suspended objects such as trotlines,
turtles, submerged floats, air bubbles, etc. Individual tree limbs extending outwards from a group of limbs is the hardest object for the
Fish I.D. feature to distinguish from fish.
You may see fish symbols on the screen when actually, there are no
fish. The reverse is also true. The illustrations on the next page show
how Fish I.D. can actually miss fish that are present.
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Does that mean Fish I.D. is broken? No — the feature is simply interpreting sonar returns in a specific way to help take some of the work
out of reading the screen. Remember: Fish I.D. is one of the many tools
we provide so you can analyze your sonar returns for maximum fish
finding information. This and other features can help you successfully
"see" beneath the boat under varied water and fishing conditions. So,
practice with the unit in both the Fish I.D. mode and without to become
more familiar with the feature. The default for Fish I.D. is off.
Sonar Features menu with Fish I.D. Symbols selected.
Fig. 1 B
Fig. 1 A
Fish symbols appear
in surface clutter
Many fish
arches visible
Fewer fish
symbols visible
Fig. 2 A
Fig. 2 B
Fish arches
above structure
No fish shown
At left, figures 1A and 2A show Sonar Page in normal chart mode. At
right, figures 1B and 2B show the same underwater scene with Fish I.D.
turned on. Note how arches are replaced with symbols.
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To turn the Fish I.D. feature on:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
2. Press → ↓ or → to FISH ID SYMBOLS|ENT|EXIT|EXIT.
To turn off Fish I.D., repeat the instructions in step 1.
FishTrack
The FishTrack feature shows the depth of a fish symbol when it appears on the display. This lets you accurately gauge the depth of targets. This feature is available only when the Fish I.D. feature is on. The
default setting for FishTrack is off.
To turn on FishTrack:
(Note: These instructions will turn on FishTrack and Fish I.D. at the
same time.)
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
2. Press → ↓ to FISH ID DEPTHS|ENT|EXIT|EXIT.
To turn off FishTrack, repeat the instructions in step 1. Turning off
FishTrack in this manner will not turn off Fish I.D. symbols.
Symbols with
FishTrack depths
At left, Sonar Features menu with Fish I.D. Depths selected. When the
check box to the left is checked, the feature is on. At right, Sonar Page
showing Fish I.D. symbols and FishTrack depths turned on.
Frequency (Change Transducer Frequency)
(Dual-Frequency Transducers only)
A dual-frequency transducer operates with both 200 kHz and 50 kHz.
The 200 kHz frequency has a 12° cone angle and the 50 kHz frequency
has a 35° cone angle.
The default frequency is 200 kHz, which is best for use in shallow water
(about 300 feet or less). This frequency is the best choice for about 80
percent of the fresh and salt water sport fishing applications. When you
get into very deep salt water, 300 to 500 feet or deeper, the 50 kHz frequency is the best choice.
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The 200 kHz transducer will give you better detail and definition, but
less depth penetration. The 50 kHz transducer will give you greater
depth penetration, but a little less detail and less definition. (Remember,
all sonar units typically read deeper in fresh water than in salt water.)
There is a common exception to these rules of thumb. Some fishermen
on freshwater lakes (or the ocean) using downriggers like to see them
on the sonar. In many of those cases, you'll see a 50 kHz transducer
frequency in use because the wider cone angle lets them watch the bait.
Sonar Features menu with a frequency of 200 kHz selected.
To change the frequency setting to 50 kHz:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to 50 KHZ|ENT.
3. Press EXIT|EXIT to clear the menu.
To change the frequency setting to 200 kHz:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT|ENT.
2. Press EXIT|EXIT to clear the menu.
HyperScroll
See the entry on Ping Speed, which controls the HyperScroll feature.
Log Sonar Chart Data
If you have an MMC installed in the unit, the sonar data shown on the
screen can be saved to the MMC. This can be played back at any time.
(To play a recorded sonar chart log, see the entry in this section for So66
nar Simulator.) If you have a personal computer and Internet access,
visit our web site, www.lowrance.com, and download the free Sonar
Viewer and the emulator for your unit. These programs will allow you
to replay sonar logs on your personal computer.
At left, the Sonar Page menu with the Log Sonar Chart Data command
selected. At right, Sonar Chart Logging menu, with the Start Logging
command selected. The menu says the MMC has 11.7 MB of free space,
which will record the scrolling chart for 20 minutes and 44 seconds.
To record or log chart data:
1. Press MENU|↓ to LOG SONAR CHART DATA|ENT.
2. To record data using the default settings, press ENT. The menu clears
and the Sonar Page title bar shows the name of the file you are recording. Warning messages will appear as recording time begins to run out.
NOTE:
You can change any of the settings by using the cursor arrows to
highlight different commands. Select FILE NAME if you want to
change the name. Select CHART QUALITY if you want to lower the file
quality and record for a longer period of time. After you've changed
the settings, select START LOGGING.
Noise Rejection
See the entry on Advanced Signal Processing in this section.
Overlay Data
To change the digital data shown on top of the Sonar Page or the Map
Page:
First, press PAGES, use → or ← to select a Page Name, then press EXIT.
To select data for display:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|ENT.
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Overlay Data command on the Sonar Menu, at left. Overlay Data
Shown selection menu, right. In this example, we scrolled down the
data list to highlight "Ground Speed."
When selected, the data type shifts to the top of the data list and a
check mark appears beside the data type. (If you wish, you may now
use ↓ or ↑ to select other Data Types for display.)
Data list showing "Ground Speed" selected to display on Sonar Page.
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
To turn off displayed data:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|ENT. The selected data type disappears from the top of the list and reverts to its previous, unchecked position. (If you wish, you may now use ↓ or ↑ to select other Data Types
to turn off.)
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
To change displayed data font size:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
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2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|press → or ← to Data Size|EXIT.
The selected data type will be displayed in the new size. (To change the
font size for another Data Type, press ENT and repeat these steps, beginning with step two above.)
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT.
Tip:
If you wish, you can change the displayed data font size when you
select a data type:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY
DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|press → or ← to select Data
Size|ENT.
The data will be shown in the new font size. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
Steering
arrow
Course
line
At left, Map Page showing boat cruising Puget Sound, Washington,
with Overlay Data turned on. This example shows Depth, Ground
Speed and the Steering Arrow. Note that the Steering Arrow always
points directly to the destination you are navigating toward. In this
case, the boater is headed on a northwesterly course of 280º. Since the
helmsman is on course, the Steering Arrow is pointing straight ahead.
If the helmsman veered off course, the arrow would show which direction to steer to get back on course toward the destination. At right,
Sonar Page with Overlay Data turned on. This example shows Depth,
Ground Speed and the Track the boat is following.
Ping Speed & HyperScroll
Ping Speed controls the rate at which the transmitter and transducer
broadcast sonar sound waves — pings — into the water. The unit has a
default ping speed of 50 percent. At normal boating speeds, this automatically provides enough return echoes to refresh the screen and scroll
the chart at maximum chart speed.
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However, when you are running at high speeds, or just want the fastest
possible screen update, you may want to use the HyperScroll feature.
When you change the Ping Speed to any setting greater than 50 percent, the unit automatically enters HyperScroll mode.
These faster ping rates allow you to maintain a high-detail picture on
the screen, and the screen refresh rate and chart scroll speed can keep
pace with the boat as it moves quickly over the bottom terrain.
When using HyperScroll, you may also need to manually decrease the
sensitivity for optimum performance. Depending on water depth and
other conditions, HyperScroll may cause a second bottom echo to return
to the transducer during the next ping cycle, or sounding. This can result
in a large amount of clutter appearing on the screen. If this occurs, just
decrease the sensitivity to a level that eliminates the clutter. When you
turn HyperScroll off, you can return to your original sensitivity level.
At left, Sonar Menu with Ping Speed command selected.
Ping Speed Control Bar, right, at default setting.
To change Ping Speed:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to PING SPEED|ENT.
2. The Ping Speed Control Bar appears. Press ↑ to increase ping speed;
press ↓ to decrease ping speed. When it's set at the desired level, press EXIT.
To adjust Sensitivity:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|ENT.
2. The Sensitivity Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease sensitivity;
press ↑ to increase sensitivity. When it's set at the desired level, press
EXIT. (When you reach the maximum or minimum limit, a tone sounds.)
To turn off HyperScroll:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to PING SPEED|ENT.
2. The Ping Speed Control Bar appears. Press↓ to decrease ping speed
to 50 percent. When it's set at the desired level, press EXIT.
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When you boost ping speed and switch into HyperScroll, the width of
the FasTrack bar graph display doubles in width at the right side of the
screen. The allows you to better see the virtually instantaneous sonar
returns, just as you would on a flasher sonar unit. For more information on FasTrack, see it's entry in this section.
Reset Options
This command is used to reset all features, options and settings to their
original factory defaults. This is useful when you have changed several
settings and want to return the unit to basic automatic operation.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to RESET OPTIONS|ENT.
2. Press ← to YES|ENT.
3. All the menus are cleared and the unit reverts to the Map Page at
the 4000 mile zoom range, just as if you had turned it on for the first
time. All options have been returned to the factory settings.
At left, System Setup menu with Reset Options command selected. At
right, the Reset Options dialog box, with "Yes" selected.
NOTE:
Reset Options does not erase any waypoints, routes, plot trails, or
sonar logs.
Reset Water Distance
The sonar chart's Digital Data display option includes a window that
shows distance traveled, called Water Distance ("W Distance"). This
information is calculated from an optional water speed sensor, not the
GPS. The Water Distance window can be reset to zero using the Reset
Water Distance command.
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SONAR SETUP|ENT|↓ to RESET WATER DISThe menus are cleared and the water distance is reset to 0.00.
TANCE|ENT.
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Set Keel Offset
This unit measures water depth from the face of the transducer. Since
the transducer is installed below the water surface, the distance displayed by the digital depth, chart depth scale, chart cursor or fish symbols is not the exact water depth. If the transducer is 1 foot below the
surface, and the screen shows the water depth as 30 feet, then the actual depth is 31 feet.
On sailboats or other large vessels with deep drafts, the distance between the transducer installation and the keel or lower engine unit can
be several feet. In those cases, an inexact depth reading could result in
grounding or striking underwater structure. The Keel Offset feature
eliminates the need for the navigator to mentally calculate how much
water is under his keel.
Keel Offset lets you calibrate the digital depth: chart depth scale, chart
cursor depth and fish symbol depth displayed on the screen. To calibrate
the depth indicators, first measure the distance from the face of the
transducer to the lowest part of the boat. In this example, we will use 3.5
feet. This will entered as a negative 3.5 feet, which makes the depth indicators perform as if the transducer's lower in the water than it really is.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SET KEEL OFFSET|ENT.
2. The Keel Offset dialog box appears. Press ↓ to change the plus (+)
sign to a minus (–) sign.
3. Press → to the first number, then press ↑ to change the number to 3
4. Press → to the second number, then press ↑ to change the number to
5, then press EXIT. The depth indicators now accurately show the depth
of water beneath the keel.
NOTE:
If knowing the exact depth of water beneath the keel is less important, you can calibrate the depth indicators so that they show the actual water depth from surface to bottom. To do this, first measure the
distance from the face of the transducer up to the surface (the water
line on the boat). In this example, we will use 1.5 feet. This will be entered as a positive 1.5 feet, which makes the depth indicators perform
as if the transducer's higher in the water than it really is.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SET KEEL OFFSET|ENT.
2. The Keel Offset dialog box appears with a plus (+) sign at the
front of the box.
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3. Press → to the first number, then press ↑ to change the number
to 1.
4. Press → to the second number, them press ↑ to change the number to 5, then press EXIT. The depth indicators now accurately show
the water depth from surface to bottom.
Sensitivity & Auto Sensitivity
The sensitivity controls the ability of the unit to pick up echoes. Sensitivity can be adjusted, because water conditions vary greatly. A low
sensitivity level (from zero to 50 percent) excludes much of the bottom
information, fish signals, and other target information.
High sensitivity levels let you see this detail, but it can also clutter the
screen with many undesired signals. Typically, the best sensitivity level
shows a good solid bottom signal with Grayline and some surface clutter.
Automatic Sensitivity
The default sensitivity mode is automatic. The unit bases the sensitivity level on water depth and conditions. When the unit is in the automatic mode, sensitivity is automatically adjusted to keep a solid bottom
signal displayed, plus a little more power. This gives it the capability to
show fish and other detail.
However, situations occur when it becomes necessary to increase or decrease the sensitivity. This typically happens when you wish to see
more detail, so an increase in sensitivity is indicated. Or, wave action
and boat wakes can create enough tiny air bubbles to clutter much of
the water column. In that case, a decrease in sensitivity is indicated to
reduce some of the clutter.
The control bar used to adjust sensitivity up or down is the same
whether the unit is in the automatic or manual mode. In automatic you
can adjust sensitivity up to 100 percent but the unit will limit your
minimum setting. In auto, the unit will continue to make small adjustments, allowing for the setting you selected.
In manual mode, you have complete control over sensitivity, with the
ability to set it anywhere from zero to 100 percent. Once you select a
level in manual, the unit will continue to use that exact sensitivity setting until you change it or revert to auto mode.
To adjust sensitivity in auto mode:
1. Press MENU|ENT.
2. The Sensitivity Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease sensitivity;
press ↑ to increase sensitivity. When it's set at the desired level, press
EXIT. (When you reach the maximum or minimum limit, a tone sounds.)
73
At left, Sonar Menu with Sensitivity command selected.
At right, the Sensitivity Control Bar.
To adjust sensitivity in manual mode:
1. First, turn off Auto Sensitivity: from the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓
to AUTO SENSITIVITY|ENT.
2. Press ↑ to SENSITIVITY|ENT and the Sensitivity Control Bar appears.
Press ↓ or ↑ to pick a different sensitivity setting. When it's set at the
desired level, press EXIT.
To turn Auto Sensitivity back on:
From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to AUTO SENSITIVITY|ENT|EXIT.
NOTE:
To return to the original factory setting for Auto Sensitivity, see the
entry in this section on Reset Options. If sensitivity is in manual
mode, the Reset Options command will switch back to Auto and reset the factory setting at the same time.
Tip:
For quicker sensitivity adjustments, try leaving the Sensitivity
Control Bar on the screen as the chart scrolls. You can see the
changes on the screen as you press the up or down arrows. This is
handy when there's a lot of clutter in the water, and you are
matching the sensitivity to rapidly changing water conditions.
Sonar Color Mode
The default color scheme for the sonar chart is white background, but
we offer other variations to suit your viewing preferences. You can select the chart to be displayed in grayscale, reverse grayscale, blue background, or bottom color tracking.
To change the chart mode color scheme:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
2.. Press → ↓ to SONAR COLOR MODE|ENT.
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3. Press ↓ or ↑ to Mode Name|ENT.
4. Press EXIT|EXIT to return to the Sonar Page.
Sonar Page & Sonar Chart Display Options
The Pages Menu offers five chart display options for units with dualfrequency transducers and four options for units with single-frequency
transducers. To access them, press PAGES|← or→ to SONAR|↓ to Option
Name|EXIT.
FlashGraf
Pages Menu, showing sonar chart display options.
Full Sonar Chart
This is the default mode used when the unit is turned on for the first
time or when it's reset to the factory defaults.
The bottom signal scrolls across the screen from right to left. Depth
scales on the right side of the screen aid in determining the depth of
targets. The line at the top of the screen represents the surface. The
bottom depth and surface temperature (if equipped with a temperature
sensor or a transducer with a temp sensor built in) show at the top left
corner of the screen.
The FasTrack™ display shows just to the right of the scale. This
changes all echoes into short horizontal bars, replicating a flasher sonar. The zoom bar on the far right shows the area that's zoomed when
the zoom is in use. (See the Zoom section for more information.)
75
Full Sonar Chart. The Overlay Data (depth and water temperature)
are each set to a different text size.
Split Zoom Sonar Chart
A split chart shows the underwater world from the surface to the bottom on the right side of the screen. The left side shows an enlarged version of the right side. The zoom range shows at the bottom left corner of
the screen.
Split Zoom Sonar Chart. Image at left shows the left window zoomed
to 2X. The right image shows the left window zoomed to 4X.
The depth overlay data is set to the default large text size; the
water temperature is set to the small text size.
Split Frequency Sonar Chart
(Dual-Frequency Transducers only)
This page shows sonar data from the 50 kHz transducer element on the
left side of the screen and data from the 200 kHz transducer on the
right side. All other functions and features are the same as the Full
Chart page.
76
Split Frequency Sonar Chart page, with
50 kHz view at left and 200 kHz view at right.
You can adjust the sensitivity in each window.
To adjust sensitivity in auto mode:
1. Press MENU|ENT.
2. The unit asks which you wish to adjust. Press ← or→ to select the
one you want | ENT.
3. The Sensitivity Control Bar appears. Press ↓ to decrease sensitivity;
press ↑ to increase sensitivity. When it's set at the desired level, press
EXIT. (When you reach the maximum or minimum limit, a tone sounds.)
The Split Frequency Sonar Chart page allows you to adjust
sensitivity separately for each window.
77
Digital Data/Chart
This mode shows the chart on the right side of the screen. The left side has
seven large digital boxes or windows containing: Water Depth; Water
Speed (from an optional speed sensor); Water Distance (distance traveled or
logged, it also requires a speed sensor); Surface Water Temperature; Temperature #2 and #3 and the unit's Voltage. (Note: Temperature #2 requires
an additional optional temperature sensor.) It also shows your current settings for the shallow and deep alarms.
Digital Data/Chart
Customizing the Digital Data/Chart Screen
The Digital Data/Chart screen can be customized to show digital data
different from the defaults first shown. To customize this screen:
1. From the Sonar Page (in Digital Data mode), press MENU|↓ to
CUSTOMIZE|ENT.
The Customize command on the Sonar Page menu.
78
2. The Water Speed window title bar flashes, indicating the window
contents can be changed. Press ENT|↑ or ↓ to select data
type|ENT|EXIT.
Options List for customizing Digital Data windows. At left, the list first
appears with Water Speed selected. At right, Maximum Speed has been
picked to replace Water Speed in the top digital data window.
Tip:
You can customize other digital data windows before returning to
the Sonar Page. After changing the first window by selecting the
Data Type and pressing Enter, use the ↓ key to select another window to change. When the selected window title bar flashes, press
ENT|↑ or ↓ to select data type|ENT. Repeat these steps until you're
finished customizing, then press EXIT to return to the Sonar Page.
FlashGraf
The FlashGraf sonar page option represents a flasher style sonar combined with a scrolling chart. A circular dial shows all returning echoes
at a high screen refresh rate.
It uses the Colorline feature to show weaker targets as lighter colors.
The bottom depth is also shown as a black bar across the outer circle.
You can adjust the size of the chart and the flasher windows by using
the Resize Window command, which is described on page 102.
79
Surface clutter
Bottom
signal
FlashGraf page.
Fish signal,
approximately
27 feet
Map With Sonar Split Screen
There is a page mode that splits the screen in half, with the map on the
left and the sonar on the right. This screen option can be found on the
Pages Menu under the Map Page category.
Map With Sonar split screen option. At far left, the full Map Page is
shown. The Pages Menu with the Map option list is shown in the
center. At right, the Map With Sonar split screen is shown.
When this screen is activated, you need to specify which side the Menu,
Zoom In and Zoom Out keys correspond to. To do this, press
PAGES|PAGES. The window with the black title bar at the top of the screen
is the active window. To switch back, just press PAGES|PAGES again.
Sonar Simulator
This unit has a built-in simulator that lets you run it as if you were on
the water. All sonar features and functions are useable. When in
simulator mode, you will see the chart file name in the Sonar Page title
bar and a play symbol will flash on and off at the right end of the title
bar. To use the simulator:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|MENU|↓ to SONAR SETUP|ENT|↓ to
SONAR SIMULATOR|ENT.
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At left, Main Menu with Sonar Setup command selected. Center,
sub-menu with Sonar Simulator command selected. At right, Sonar
Simulator menu, with simulator turned on (check box is checked).
NOTE:
With Simulate Position checked, the simulator will also automatically run the GPS simulator (if GPS data was recorded with the sonar log).
2. To use the default sonar chart log stored in the unit, press ENT|EXIT.
The recorded chart begins scrolling across the screen, just as if you
were on the water.
3. Turn off Sonar Simulator by pressing MENU|MENU|↓ to SONAR
SETUP|ENT|↓ to SONAR SIMULATOR|ENT|ENT|EXIT.
Title bar with chart file name
"Play"
symbol
flashing
Sonar Page, playing a recorded sonar chart in Sonar Simulator mode.
Tip:
The Sonar Simulator can use sonar charts that you or a friend have
recorded (logged) on an MMC card. (To see how, read the entry in
this section on Log Sonar Chart Data.) To play back your own sonar
chart, make sure the MMC containing the chart is installed, then:
81
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SONAR SETUP|ENT|↓ to SONAR SIMULATOR|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to CHART USED|ENT.
3. Press ↓ or ↑ to select chart name|ENT|↑ to SONAR SIMULATOR
ON|ENT|EXIT.
While you're in the Sonar Simulator menu, don't forget to check
Simulate Position if you want to run the sonar and GPS simulators
simultaneously. As you review sonar logs, you can create waypoints
to mark sites you want to return to.
While the simulator is running, you can switch from one chart log
to another by opening the Sonar Simulator menu and using the instructions in step 2 to select a different chart.
Tip:
There's more than one way to play a recorded sonar chart. You can
also turn on the simulator from the MMC files list. Here's how:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to BROWSE MMC FILES|ENT|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to chart name|ENT|↓ to PLAY|ENT|EXIT.
Menu sequence for playing a sonar chart log from the MMC File List.
NOTE:
For some great practice, try running the Sonar Simulator and the
GPS Simulator at the same time. This will really give you a feel for
how the unit will work in the field.
NOTE:
If you turn on your unit before attaching a transducer, it may enter
a demo mode. The words "demo mode" flash on the bottom of the
screen and a sonar chart plays much like the simulator. Unlike the
simulator, the demo mode is for demonstration only, and will automatically stop as soon as you turn on the unit with a transducer attached. The simulator will continue to function normally.
82
Stop Chart
If you are running multiple units on a boat or using this unit in a car,
there are times when you may want to turn off the sonar. This command turns off the sonar and stops the chart from scrolling. Sonar restarts automatically each time you turn on your unit.
Press MENU|↓ to STOP CHART|ENT|EXIT.
To turn on sonar and start the chart scrolling again, repeat the above step.
Sonar Menu with Stop Chart command selected. The box is unchecked,
indicating that the chart is scrolling across the screen.
Surface Clarity
The markings extending downward from the zero line on the chart are
called "surface clutter." These markings are caused by wave action,
boat wakes, temperature inversion and more.
The surface clarity control reduces or eliminates surface clutter signals
from the display. It does this by changing the sensitivity of the receiver,
decreasing it near the surface and gradually increasing it as the depth
increases.
There are three levels of surface clarity available: low, medium, or high.
It can also be turned off. The default level is off.
To adjust the Surface Clarity level:
1. From the Sonar Page, press MENU|↓ to SONAR FEATURES|ENT.
83
Sonar Features menu with Surface Clarity selected.
2. Press → to SURFACE CLARITY|ENT.
3. Press ↓ or ↑ to select clarity level|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Surface clutter
In the illustration at left, Surface Clarity is turned off.
The right view shows Surface Clarity set at High.
Upper and Lower Limits
See the entry in this section for Depth Range - Upper and Lower Limits
Zoom & Zoom Bar
"Zooming" the display is a common, fast and easy method used to enlarge small detail, fish signals and the bottom with its associated structure. This unit lets you zoom the display quickly and easily by pressing
the Zoom In key, ZIN.
Pressing ZIN once doubles the size (2X) of all echoes on the screen.
Pressing it again quadruples the size of the echoes (4X). The zoom bar
on the far right side of the screen shows which echoes will be displayed
on the screen when the ZIN key is pressed.
84
For example, pressing the ZIN key once will enable a 2X zoom which
will show all echoes that are between the top and bottom of the 2X
zoom bar. Pressing the key again will give a 4X zoom and only the echoes between the top and bottom of the 4X bar will show on the screen.
Press the Zoom Out key, ZOUT, to return the display to the normal mode.
At left, Sonar Page, normal view. Center, same view zoomed to 2X.
Right, same view zoomed to 4X
Zoom Pan
Your unit has the handy ability to quickly zoom in on any portion of the
water column with just the touch of an arrow key. The Zoom Pan feature
lets you rapidly move the zoomed area up and down to different depths.
By "pointing" your zoom at different portions of the chart as it scrolls,
you can get a good, close-up look at structure or cover below you.
To use Zoom Pan, switch to a manual depth Range setting (see page 61)
and turn on 2X or 4X Zoom. Then, simply press ↑ or ↓ to pan up and
down the water column.
85
Notes
86
Section 5:
Sonar Troubleshooting
If your unit is not working, or if you need technical help, please use the
following troubleshooting section before contacting the factory customer
service department. It may save you the trouble of returning your unit
for repair. For contact information, refer to the last page, just inside the
back cover of this manual.
Unit won't turn on:
1. Check the power cable's connection at the unit. Also check the wiring.
2. Make certain the power cable is wired properly. The red wire
connects to the positive battery terminal, black to negative or ground.
3. Check the fuse.
4. Measure the battery voltage at the unit's power connector. It should
be at least 11 volts. If it isn't, the wiring to the unit is defective, the
battery terminals or wiring on the terminals are corroded, or the
battery needs charging.
Unit operates only in demo mode:
The transducer or antenna module has not yet been connected or has
been disconnected. To leave demo mode, make sure that either the
transducer or the antenna is securely connected before turning the unit on.
Unit freezes, locks up, or operates erratically:
1. Electrical noise from the boat's motor, trolling motor, or an accessory
may be interfering with the sonar unit. Rerouting the power and
transducer cables away from other electrical wiring on the boat may
help. Route the sonar unit's power cable directly to the battery instead
of through a fuse block or ignition switch
2. Inspect the transducer cable for breaks, cuts, or pinched wires.
3. Check both the transducer and power connectors. Make certain both
are securely plugged in to the unit.
Weak bottom echo, digital readings erratic, or no fish signals:
1. Make certain the transducer is pointing straight down. Clean the
face of the transducer. Oil, dirt and fuel can cause a film to form on the
transducer, reducing its effectiveness. If the transducer is mounted
inside the hull, be sure it is shooting through only one layer of
fiberglass and that it is securely bonded to the hull. Do NOT use RTV
silicone rubber adhesive or Marine-Tex epoxy.
2. Electrical noise from the boat's motor can interfere with the sonar.
87
This causes the sonar to automatically increase its Discrimination or
noise rejection feature. This can cause the unit to eliminate weaker
signals such as fish or even structure from the display.
3. The water may be deeper than the sonar's ability to find the bottom.
If the sonar can't find the bottom signal while it's in the automatic
mode, the digital sonar display will flash continuously. It may change
the range to limits far greater than the water you are in. If this
happens, place the unit in the manual mode, then change the range to a
realistic one, (for example, 0-100 feet) and increase the sensitivity. As
you move into shallower water, a bottom signal should appear.
4. Check the battery voltage. If the voltage drops, the unit's transmitter
power also drops, reducing its ability to find the bottom or targets.
Bottom echo disappears at high speeds or erratic digital
reading or weak bottom echo while boat is moving
1. The transducer may be in turbulent water. It must be mounted in a
smooth flow of water in order for the sonar to work at all boat speeds. Air
bubbles in the water disrupt the sonar signals, interfering with its ability
to find the bottom or other targets. The technical term for this is cavitation.
2. Electrical noise from the boat's motor can interfere with the sonar.
This causes the sonar to automatically increase its Discrimination or
noise rejection feature. This can cause the unit to eliminate weaker
signals such as fish or even structure from the display. Try using
resistor spark plugs or routing the sonar unit's power and transducer
cables away from other electrical wiring on the boat.
No fish arches when the Fish I.D. feature is off:
1. Make certain the transducer is pointing straight down. This is the
most common problem if a partial arch is displayed.
2. The sensitivity may not be high enough. In order for the unit to
display a fish arch, it has to be able to receive the fish's echo from the
time it enters the cone until it leaves. If the sensitivity is not high
enough, the unit shows the fish only when it is in the center of the cone.
3. Use the Zoom feature. It is much easier to display fish arches when
zoomed in on a small range of water than a large one. For example, you
will have much better luck seeing fish arches with a 30 to 60 foot range
than a 0 to 60 foot range. This enlarges the targets, allowing the
display to show much more detail.
4. The boat must be moving at a slow trolling speed to see fish arches.
If the boat is motionless, fish stay in the cone, showing on the screen as
straight horizontal lines.
88
NOISE
A major cause of sonar problems is electrical noise. This usually
appears on the sonar's display as random patterns of dots or lines. In
severe cases, it can completely cover the screen with black dots, or
cause the unit to operate erratically, or not at all.
To eliminate or minimize the effects of electrical noise, first try to
determine the cause. With the boat at rest in the water, the first thing
you should do is turn all electrical equipment on the boat off. Make sure
the engine is also off. Turn your sonar on, then turn off Noise Reject
[also known as the ASP feature (Advanced Signal Processing)].
Sensitivity should be set at 90-95 percent. There should be a steady
bottom signal on the display. Now turn on each piece of electrical
equipment on the boat and view the effect on the sonar's display. For
example, turn on the bilge pump and view the sonar display for noise. If
no noise is present, turn the pump off, then turn on the VHF radio and
transmit. Keep doing this until all electrical equipment has been
turned on, their effect on the sonar display noted, then turned off.
If you find noise interference from an electrical instrument, trolling
motor, pump, or radio, try to isolate the problem. You can usually
reroute the sonar unit's power cable and transducer cable away from
the wiring that is causing the interference. VHF radio antenna cables
radiate noise when transmitting, so be certain to keep the sonar's wires
away from it. You may need to route the sonar unit's power cable
directly to the battery to isolate it from other wiring on the boat.
If no noise displays on the sonar unit from electrical equipment, then
make certain everything except the sonar unit is turned off, then start
the engine. Increase the RPM with the gearshift in neutral. If noise
appears on the display, the problem could be one of three things; spark
plugs, alternator, or tachometer wiring. Try using resistor spark plugs,
alternator filters, or routing the sonar unit's power cable away from
engine wiring. Again, routing the power cable directly to the battery
helps eliminate noise problems. Make certain to use the in-line fuse
supplied with the unit when wiring the power cable to the battery.
When no noise appears on the sonar unit after all of the above tests,
then the noise source is probably cavitation. Many novices or persons
with limited experience make hasty sonar installations which function
perfectly in shallow water, or when the boat is at rest. In nearly all
cases, the cause of the malfunction will be the location and/or angle of
the transducer. The face of the transducer must be placed in a location
that has a smooth flow of water at all boat speeds. Read your
transducer owner's manual for the best mounting position.
89
Notes
90
Section 6:
Basic GPS Operations
This section addresses the unit's most basic GPS operations. The tutorials presented in Sec. 6 follow a chronological order. Sec. 7, Advanced
GPS Operations, will discuss other more advanced functions and utilities. Material in Sec. 7 is arranged in alphabetical order.
Before you turn on the Unit and find where you are, it's a good idea to
learn about the different keys, the four Page screens and how they all
work together. BUT, if you just can't wait to get outside, turn to the
one-page Quick Reference on page 103.
Keyboard
4
8
9
2
7
3
6
5
1
MMC doors
LCX-104C sonar/GPS unit, front view, showing sonar screen, keyboard
and access doors for the MMC compartment.
1. PWR/LIGHT (Power & Light) – The PWR key turns the unit on and
off and activates the backlight.
2. PAGES – Pressing this and the ← → arrow keys (4) switches the
unit between the four different page screens. (Satellite Status Page,
Navigation Page, Map Page and Sonar Page.) Each page represents one
of the unit's major operation modes.
91
3. MENU – Press this key to show the menus and submenus, which
allow you to select a command or adjust a feature. This also accesses
search functions for streets, intersections, addresses and highway exits.
4. ARROW KEYS – These keys are used to navigate through the
menus, make menu selections, move the map cursor and sonar chart
cursor and enter data.
5. ENT/ICONS (Enter & Icons) – This key allows you to save data, accept values or execute menu commands. It is also used to create event
marker icons.
6. EXIT – The Exit key lets you return to the previous screen, clear
data or erase a menu.
7. WPT – (Waypoint) The Waypoint key is used to save and recall waypoints, search for waypoints and access the waypoint list. It also
launches the Point-of-Interest (POI) search menus and is involved in
some navigation functions.
8. ZOUT – (Zoom Out) – This key lets you zoom the screen out. On the
Sonar Page, this key returns you to a full sonar chart display, showing
the entire water column from surface to bottom. On the Map Page, this
lets you see a larger geographic area on the map. Less detail is seen as
you zoom out.
9. ZIN – (Zoom In) – This key lets you zoom the screen in. On the Sonar
Page, this key enlarges fish signals and bottom detail. On the Map
Page, zooming in lets you see greater detail in a smaller geographic
area on the map.
Power/lights on and off
To turn on the unit, press PWR. As the unit powers up, the Map Page is
displayed first. (To switch to another page, press PAGES|← or → to
Page Name|EXIT.)
To turn on the backlight, press PWR again. The unit has three backlight
levels to select from. Repeatedly pressing PWR will cycle through the
backlight settings and turn off the backlight.
Turn off the unit by pressing and holding the PWR key for 3 seconds.
Main Menu
The Unit has a Main Menu, which contains some function commands
and some setup option commands. The tutorial lessons in this section
will deal only with functions, the basic commands that make the Unit
do something. The unit will work fine for these lessons right out of the
92
box with the factory default settings. But, if you want to learn about
the various options, see Sec. 8, System Setup and GPS Setup Options.
You can access the Main Menu from any of the four Page screens by
pressing MENU|MENU. To clear the menu screen and return to the page
display, press EXIT.
Main Menu.
The Main Menu commands and their functions are:
Screen command: changes the contrast or brightness of the display
screen.
Sounds command: enables or disables the sounds for key strokes and
alarms and sets the alarm style.
Alarms command: turns GPS or sonar alarms on or off and changes
alarm thresholds.
Route Planning command: used to plan, view or navigate a route.
My Trails command: shows, hides, creates and deletes plot trails. Also
used to navigate or backtrack a trail.
Cancel Navigation command: turns off the various navigation commands. Used to stop navigating after you have reached your destination waypoint, Point of Interest or map cursor location; or after you
reach the end of a route or trail.
Sonar Setup command: sets various sonar options.
GPS Setup command: sets various GPS receiver options.
System Setup command: sets general configuration options.
Sun/Moon Calculations command: finds the rising and setting time
93
of the sun and the moon.
Trip Calculator command: shows trip status and statistics.
Timers command: controls the up timer, down timer and alarm clock
settings.
Browse MMC Files command: this allows you to view the installed
MMC card and the files it contains.
Pages
The unit has four Page displays that represent the four major operating
modes. They are the Satellite Status Page, the Navigation Page, Map
Page and the Sonar Page. They are accessed by pressing the PAGES key,
then using → or ← to select a Page. (Clear the Pages Menu by pressing
EXIT.)
Pages Menu, showing some Map display options.
Sonar Page
The Sonar Page displays the sonar chart, a view of the water column
from the surface to the bottom. The chart scrolls across the screen from
right to left, displaying signal echoes that represent fish, structure and
the bottom. The Sonar Page is discussed in detail in Sec. 3. To get to
the Sonar Page: Press the PAGES key, then use → or ← to select SONAR.
(Clear the Pages Menu by pressing EXIT.)
Satellite Status Page
The Satellite Status Page, shown, provides detailed information on the
status of the Unit's satellite lock-on and position acquisition. To get to
the Satellite Status Page: Press the PAGES key, then use → or ← to select STATUS. (Clear the Pages Menu by pressing EXIT.)
94
No matter what Page you are on, a flashing current position indicator/question mark symbol and flashing GPS data displays indicate that
satellite lock has been lost and there is no position confirmed. The Satellite Status Page shows you the quality and accuracy of the current
satellite lock-on and position calculation.
WARNING:
Do not begin navigating with this unit until the numbers
have stopped flashing!
Satellite Status Page. Left view indicates unit has not locked on
to any satellites and does not have a fix on its position. Right
view shows satellite lock-on with a 3D position acquired
(latitude, longitude and altitude), and WAAS reception.
This screen shows a graphical view of the satellites that are in view. Each
satellite is shown on the circular chart relative to your position. The point in
the center of the chart is directly overhead. The small inner ring represents
45° above the horizon and the large ring represents the horizon. North is at
the top of the screen. You can use this to see which satellites are obstructed
by obstacles in your immediate area if the unit is facing north.
The GPS receiver is tracking satellites that are in light blue. The receiver hasn't locked onto a satellite if the number is dark blue, therefore it isn't being used to solve the position.
Beneath the circular graph are the bar graphs, one for each satellite in
view. Since the unit has twelve channels, it can dedicate one channel
per visible satellite. The taller the bar on the graph, the better the unit
is receiving the signals from the satellite.
The "Estimated Position Error" (horizontal position error) shown in the
upper left corner of the screen is the expected error from a benchmark
location. In other words, if the EPE shows 50 feet, then the position
shown by the unit is estimated to be within 50 feet of the actual location. This also gives you an indicator of the fix quality the unit cur95
rently has. The smaller the position error number, the better (and more
accurate) the fix is. If the position error flashes dashes, then the unit
hasn't locked onto the satellites, and the number shown isn't valid.
The Satellite Status Page has its own menu, which is used for setting
various options. (Options and setup are discussed in Sec. 8.) To access
the Satellite Status Page Menu, from the Status Page, press MENU.
Navigation Page
This screen has a compass rose that not only shows your direction of
travel, but also the direction to a recalled waypoint. To get to the Navigation Page: Press PAGES| → or ← to NAVIGATION|EXIT.
The navigation screen looks like the one below when you're not navigating to a waypoint or following a route or trail. Your position is
shown by an arrow in the center of the screen. Your trail history, or
path you've just taken, is depicted by the line extending from the arrow.
The arrow pointing down at the top of the compass rose indicates the current track (direction of travel) you are taking.
Track or compass heading indicator, showing direction of travel
Navigation
information
Compass
displays
rose
Present
position
arrow
Trail line
Navigation Page, recording a trail, traveling east. Page looks like
this when the unit is not navigating to a waypoint , following
a route, or backtracking a trail.
When navigating to a waypoint, the Navigation screen looks like the
following figure. Your ground speed, track, distance and bearing to
waypoint, and course are all shown digitally on this screen.
96
NOTE:
Remember, when the Speed, Track and Position information displays are flashing, satellite lock has not been achieved and no position fix has been determined. A question mark will also flash on the
present position arrow in the center of the compass rose.
Speed (ground speed) is the velocity you are making over the ground. (If
you wish, you can customize the Speed window to display Closing
Speed instead. Closing Speed is also known as velocity made good. It's
the speed that you're making toward the waypoint. For instructions,
see the Customize Page Displays entry in Sec. 8.)
Track is the heading, or the current direction you are actually traveling. Bearing is the direction of a line-of-sight from your present position
to the destination. No matter what direction you are steering, the
Bearing window shows the compass direction straight to the destination from your location at the moment. Distance shows how far it is to
the waypoint you're navigating toward.
The Off Course window shows the current cross track error. This shows
the distance you are off-course to the side of the desired course line. The
course line is an imaginary line drawn from your position when you
started navigating to the destination waypoint. The course line is shown on
the Navigation Page screen (and the Map Page screen) as a red line.
The cross track error range is shown on the compass rose as a wide,
white, corridor enclosing the course line. The outer edges of this white
corridor represent lines that show the current cross track error range.
The default for the cross track error range is 0.20 miles.
For example, if the present position symbol touches the right cross
track error line, then you are 0.20 miles to the right of the desired
course. You need to steer left to return to the desired course. You can
use the ZIN or ZOUT keys to change the cross track error range.
A circular symbol depicting your destination (waypoint) appears on the
screen as you approach the waypoint, as shown on the screen in the
following figure.
Travel Time is the time that it will take to reach your destination at
your present closing speed. (You can also customize the time window to
show Arrival Time instead. Arrival Time is the local time it will be
when you arrive at the destination, based upon your present closing
speed and track.)
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Current track or
heading, shown
in degrees
Course line
Bearing
arrow
Compass
bearing to
destination
Waypoint
symbol
Navigation
information
displays
Cross track
error range
(off course
indicator)
Left cross
track error line
Trail line
Destination
name
Navigation Page, backtracking a trail while creating a new trail.
In the example figure above, the driver is headed north (a 355º track)
toward a waypoint 355º (bearing) away. The cross track error range
(white corridor) is 0.20 miles either side of the course. The driver is
headed toward trail waypoint 4, which is 0.14 miles away. The vehicle
is virtually on course (off course 1 foot to the right). Traveling at a
speed of 27 mph, the driver will arrive at the waypoint in 19 seconds.
The Navigation Page has its own menu, which is used for some advanced functions and for setting various options. (Options and setup
are discussed in Sec. 8.) To access the Navigation Page Menu, from the
Navigation Page, press MENU.
Map Page
The Map Page screens show your course and track from a "bird's-eye"
view. By default, this unit shows the map with north always at the top
of the screen. (This can be changed. See the topic Map Orientation, in
Sec. 8.) If you're navigating to a waypoint, the map also shows your
starting location, present position, course line and destination. You
don't have to navigate to a waypoint, however, to use the map.
Map Page is the default screen that appears when you turn on the unit.
To get to the Map Page from another page: Press PAGES| → or ← to
MAP|EXIT. When the Map Page is displayed, a screen similar to the following figures appears.
The arrow in the center of the screen is your present position. It points
in the direction you're traveling. The magenta line extending from the
back of the arrow is your plot trail, or path you've taken.
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The map zoom range is the distance across the screen. This number
shows in the lower right corner of the screen. In the first example figure below, the range is 4,000 miles from the left edge of the map to the
right edge of the map.
The Zoom In and Zoom Out keys zoom the map to enlarge or reduce its
coverage area and the amount of mapping detail shown. There are 37
available map zoom ranges, from 0.05 miles to 4,000 miles.
Far left, Map Page opening screen. Center, zoomed to 100 miles and
right, zoomed to 15 miles. Over Zoomed means you have reached the
detail limits in an area covered only by the basic background map.
Zooming in any closer will reveal no more map details because a highdetail custom map has not been loaded on the MMC for this area.
If you're using only the factory-loaded background map, the maximum
zoom range for showing additional map detail is 20 miles. You can continue to zoom in closer, but the map will simply be enlarged without
revealing more map content (except for a few major city streets.) Load
your own high-detail custom map made with MapCreate, and you can
zoom in to 0.05 miles with massive amounts of accurate map detail.
Map Pages with high-detail MapCreate map of an urban area loaded on
the MMC. At left, arterial streets appear at the 6 mile zoom range, with a
few Point of Interest icons visible. Center, numerous dots representing
Points of Interest become visible at the 3 mile range, along with minor
streets. Right, at the 0.6 mile zoom, you can see an interstate highway
with an exit, major and minor streets as well as Point of Interest icons.
Background map vs. MapCreate map content
The background map includes: low-detail maps of the whole world (containing cities, major lakes, major rivers, political boundaries); and medium-detail maps of the United States.
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The medium-detail U.S. maps contain: all incorporated cities; shaded
metropolitan areas; county boundaries; shaded public lands (such as
national forests and parks); some major city streets; Interstate, U.S.
and state highways; Interstate highway exits and exit services information; large- and medium-sized lakes and streams; and more than 60,000
navigation aids and 10,000 wrecks and obstructions in U.S. coastal and
Great Lakes waters
MapCreate custom maps include massive amounts of information not
found in the background map. MapCreate contains: the searchable
Points of Interest database, all the minor roads and streets, all the
landmark features (such as summits, schools, radio towers, etc.); more
rivers, streams, smaller lakes and ponds and their names.
What's more important is the large scale map detail that allows your
GPS unit to show a higher level of position accuracy. For example, the
background map would show you the general outline and approximate
shape of a coastline or water body, but the higher detail in MapCreate
shows the shoreline completely and accurately (finer detail). Many
smaller islands would not be included in the background map, but are,
of course, in MapCreate.
Interstate
Major Street
Minor
Streets
Cursor line
POI Pop-up,
with position,
distance and
bearing data
POI
Marker
School POI
Restaurant POI
Zoom Range
When the map is zoomed out far enough, most POIs appear as square
dots. As you zoom in closer, the symbols become readable icons. In the
0.6 mile zoom example at right, the cursor has selected the Cupps Café
POI, which triggers a pop-up box with the POI name. This pop-up box
works on POIs at any zoom range.
Tip:
In some urban areas, businesses are so close to one another that
their POI icons crowd each other on the screen. In the preceding
figure, you can see a jumbled pile of POIs along Highway 34. You
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can reduce screen clutter and make streets and other map features
easier to see by simply turning off the display of POIs you're not
watching for. (To see how, check the text on Map Detail Category
Selection, page 147. It shows how to use the Map Categories Drawn
menu to turn individual POI displays off and on.) Even though
their display is turned off, you can still search for POIs and their
icons will pop-up when your unit finds them for you.
The Map Page has its own menu, which is used for several functions
and for setting various options. To access the Map Page Menu, from the
Map Page, press MENU.
The Pages Menu also offers several map display options under the Map
Page category. To access them, press PAGES|← or→ to MAP|↓ to Option|EXIT.
At left, Digital Data map page; at right, Two Position Formats page.
Pages Menu with Two Maps option selected, left.
Map Page with two map windows, at right. The left map is active.
In pages that have two major windows (such as two maps) you can toggle
back and forth between the two windows by pressing PAGES|PAGES.
This allows you to change which map the cursor, keyboard and menus
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operate on. A dark blue title bar denotes the active window.
Resize Window is another extremely handy feature for pages that have
two major windows. You can change the horizontal size of the windows
to suit your viewing preference. Here's how:
1. From any two-window display, press MENU|↓ to RESIZE WINDOW|ENT.
2. Two flashing arrows appear along the centerline dividing the two
windows. Press ← or → to adjust the window widths. Press EXIT to
clear the menu.
3. To change the window size again or revert back to the original display, just follow the steps above. (Most dual-window displays use half
the screen for each window by default.) You can also use the Reset Options command to revert to the factory default.
At left, Map Menu with Resize Window command selected. Center,
Resize Window command is active. At right, pressing the → key moves
the centerline to the right and enlarges the left window.
The following page contains a 12-step quick reference for the most basic
GPS operations. If you don't want to carry the manual with you as you
practice with the LCX-104C, you might consider photocopying this
quick reference page and tucking it into your pocket.
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GPS Quick Reference
Start outdoors, with a clear view of the open sky. As you practice, try
navigating to a location at least a few blocks away. While you're learning,
navigation in too small an area will constantly trigger arrival alarms.
1. Connect the unit to electric power and the antenna module. Make sure
the MMC is in. (See complete installation details beginning on page 13.)
2. To turn on the LCX-104C, press and release PWR key.
3. Opening screen displays map of North America at the 4,000 mile
zoom range. Rotate through the four main Page screens (Map Page,
Satellite Status Page, Navigation Page and Sonar Page) by pressing
PAGES|← or → to select Page Name|EXIT. Switch Pages to display Satellite Status Page.
4. Wait while unit locates satellites and calculates current position. Process
is visible on Satellite Page. This takes an average of 1 minute or less under
clear sky conditions (unobstructed by terrain or structures.) When the unit
acquires position, a tone sounds and a position acquired message appears.
5. With position acquired, press PAGES key to display Map Page, which
shows a bird's eye view of the earth. You can move around the map by:
Zoom in closer to see greater detail: press ZIN (zoom in key.)
Zoom out to see more area, less detail: press ZOUT (zoom out key.)
Scroll map north, south, east or west using arrow keys ↑ ↓ → ← .
To stop scrolling and return to current position on map, press EXIT key.
6. Set a waypoint (Wpt 001) at your current position so you can navigate back here: press WPT|WPT. Waypoint symbol and "001" appears.
7. Zoom/scroll map to find a nearby object or location to go to. Use arrow keys to center cursor cross-hair over the map object or location.
8. Navigate to the selected destination: press MENU|ENT|EXIT. Follow the
red course line on Map Page or compass bearing arrow on Navigation Page.
9. At destination, Arrival Alarm goes off; to clear it, press EXIT. Cancel
navigation: press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
10. Return to Wpt 1 by Navigate To Waypoint or Backtrack Trail. To
Waypoint: press WPT|→ to SAVED|ENT|ENT|ENT. Use ↑ or ↓ to select
Wpt 001, press ENT|ENT; follow navigation displays. Trail: press
MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT. Press ↓ to Trail 1|ENT|→|↓ to
NAVIGATE|ENT|↓ to NAVIGATE|→ to REVERSE|ENT|← to NAVIGATE|ENT. (If
arrival alarm sounds, press EXIT.) Follow navigation displays.
11. Back home, Arrival Alarm goes off; press EXIT. Cancel navigation:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
12. To turn off the unit, press and hold PWR key for three seconds.
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Find Your Current Position
Finding your current position is as simple as turning the unit on. Under clear sky conditions, the unit automatically searches for satellites
and calculates its position in approximately one minute or less.
NOTE:
"Clear sky" means open sky, unobstructed by terrain, dense foliage
or structures. Clouds do not restrict GPS signal reception.
If for some reason satellite acquisition takes longer, you may be inside
a structure or vehicle or in terrain that is blocking signal reception. To
correct this, be sure you are positioned so that the unit's antenna module has as clear a view of the sky as possible, then turn the unit off and
back on again.
Moving Around the Map: Zoom & Cursor Arrow Keys
The map is presented from a bird's eye view perspective. The current
zoom range shows in the lower right corner of the screen.
1. Press the ZIN key (zoom in) to move in closer and see greater detail in
a smaller geographic area.
2. Press the ZOUT key (zoom out) to move farther away and see less map
detail, but a larger geographic area.
When you are traveling, the map will automatically move as you move.
This keeps your current location roughly centered on the screen.
You can manually pan or scroll the map northward, southward, eastward or westward by using the arrow keys, which launch the cross-hair
map cursor. This allows you to look at map places other than your current position. To clear the cursor, press EXIT, which jumps the map
back to the current position or the last known position.
Tip:
Use the cursor to determine the distance from your current position
(or last known position, when working indoors) to any map object.
Simply use the arrow keys to position the cursor over the object or
landmark. The distance, measured in a straight line, appears in the
pop-up box. Press EXIT to clear the cursor.
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POI pop-up
name box
Cursor line
Distance
measured
by cursor
Selected
airport
Cursor line
The selected airport to the northwest is 4.25 miles away.
Selecting Any Map Item With the Cursor
1. Use the zoom keys and the arrow keys to move around the map and
find the item you wish to select.
2. Use the arrow keys and center the cursor cross-hair on the desired object. On most items, a pop-up box will give the name of the selected item.
Searching
Now that you've seen how the unit can find where you are, let's search
for something somewhere else. Searching is one of the most powerful
features in the Lowrance GPS product line.
In this example, we'll look for the nearest fast-food restaurant. For more
information on different types of searches, refer to Sec. 9, Searching.
NOTE:
This example requires the Point of Interest (POI) database included
with a high detail MapCreate 6 custom map.
After the unit has acquired a position:
1. Press WPT|↓ to POI-RESTAURANTS.
2. You could search the entire restaurant category, but in this example
we will narrow our search. Press → to SUBCATEGORY column|↓ to FAST
FOOD CHAINS|ENT|↓ to NEAREST|ENT.
3. The unit says it is calculating, then a list of restaurants appears,
with the closest at the top of the list, and the farthest at the bottom of
the list. The nearest is highlighted.
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Category Selection menu, left, and list of the nearest restaurants, right.
4. If you wish, you could scroll ↑ or ↓ here to select another restaurant,
but for now we will just accept the nearest one. Press ENT.
5. The POI information screen appears. (This is how you can use the
LCX-104C as a business phone directory!) If you wanted to navigate
there, you could press ENT, since the GO TO command is highlighted. But
we just want to see it on the map, so press ↓ to FIND ON MAP|ENT.
POI information screen on fast food restaurant nearest this position.
Screen shows name, street address, phone number, latitude/longitude,
distance to restaurant and its compass bearing. Figure at left shows
Go To command; right figure shows Find On Map command.
6. The LCX-104C's map appears, with the cross-hair cursor highlighting the restaurant's POI symbol. A pop-up name box identifies the POI,
as well as its distance and bearing. A data box at the bottom of the
screen continues to display the location's latitude and longitude.
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Map screen showing Find Waypoint, the result of a restaurant search.
7. To clear the search and return to the last page displayed, press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT. (Before you completely exited out of the Search
menus, you could have gone looking for another place.)
NOTE:
Search works from mapping and POI data loaded in the LCX-104C.
If you do not have a high-detailed custom map (containing POI
data) for the area you are searching loaded on the MMC, you may
not find anything.
Set a Waypoint
A waypoint is simply an electronic "address," based on the latitude and
longitude of a position on the earth. A waypoint represents a location,
spot, or destination that can be stored in memory, then be recalled and
used later on for navigation purposes.
You can create a waypoint at the cursor position on the map, or at your
current position while you are navigating. You can create a waypoint at
any location by manually entering the position's latitude and longitude.
You can copy waypoints from your unit to your personal computer with
MapCreate software. When you want to repeat a trip, these archived
waypoints can be reloaded into your GPS unit.
To create and save a Waypoint:
These first two techniques use the Quick Save method, the fastest and
easiest way to create a waypoint.
Create Waypoint at Current Position
While you are traveling, press WPT|WPT. The waypoint is saved and
automatically given a name with a sequential number, such as "waypoint 003." The waypoint symbol and number appear on the map.
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Step 1.
Step 2.
Step 3.
Step 4.
Sequence for setting a waypoint. Step 1: while traveling, quickly press
WPT twice to call up Find Waypoint screen (seen in Step 2) and set a
point. Step 3: a message says the waypoint has been saved. Step 4: vehicle continues on its way; number waypoint symbol is visible on map.
NOTE:
The Quick Save method uses the default waypoint symbol until you
edit an existing waypoint and change its symbol. (Edit Waypoint
Symbol is described in Sec. 7.) After you have changed a waypoint
symbol, the unit will remember the one you chose and use it the
next time you "quick save" a waypoint. To revert back to the default
symbol, edit a waypoint and choose it, or use the Reset Options
command (described in Sec. 8).
Create Waypoint on Map
1. Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the place where you want
to make a waypoint.
2. Press WPT|WPT. The waypoint is saved and automatically given a
name with a sequential number, such as "waypoint 001." The waypoint
symbol and number appear on the map.
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Create Waypoint by Entering a Position
1. Press WPT|→ to SUBCATEGORY column|↓ to NEW|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to ENTERED POSITION|ENT|→ to CREATE|ENT.
3. Press → to LATITUDE|ENT. Enter the latitude by pressing ↑ or ↓ to
change the first character, then press → to the next character and repeat until the latitude is correct. Press ENT.
4. Press ↓ to LONGITUDE|ENT. Enter the longitude by pressing ↑ or ↓ to
change the first character, then press → to the next character and repeat
until the longitude is correct. Press ENT, then EXIT|EXIT to return to the
previous page display. The waypoint is saved and automatically given a
name with a sequential number, such as "waypoint 001." The waypoint
symbol and number appear on the map and in the waypoint list.
Navigate To a Waypoint
You can select any waypoint visible on the Map Page with the cursor,
then use the Navigate to Cursor command (we'll describe how later in
this section.) However, you can avoid scrolling the map to pick your
waypoint if you use the Find Waypoint commands:
1. Press WPT|→ to SAVED|ENT. To look up the nearest waypoint, press
↓ to NEAREST|ENT; or, to look by name (and scroll through the entire
waypoint list), press ENT. For this example, look by name.
2. If your waypoint list is a long one, you can spell out the waypoint
name in the FIND BY NAME box to search for it. (Press ↑ or ↓ to change the
first character, then press → to move the cursor to the next character
and repeat until the name is correct, then press ENT to jump to the list
below.)
3. If the list is short, you can jump directly to the FIND IN LIST box by
pressing ENT. Use ↑ or ↓ to select the waypoint name, press ENT and
the waypoint information screen appears with the GO TO command selected.
4. To begin navigating to the waypoint, press ENT.
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Waypoint
Course line
(red)
Trail line
(magenta)
Off course
range, set at
0.20 mile
Destination
name
Navigation Page, navigating toward waypoint 004 and leaving a trail.
Set Man Overboard (MOB) Waypoint
One of boating's most terrifying events is having a friend or family
member fall overboard. This situation can be deadly on any body of water — fresh or salt. It's particularly dangerous at night or if you're out
of sight of land. Of course, the first thing to do is remain calm and then
use all standard safety procedures to rescue the person.
This unit has a man overboard feature that shows navigation data to
the location where the feature was activated. To activate it, press the
ZOUT and ZIN keys at the same time. Your position at the time these
keys are pressed is used as the man overboard position.
Caution:
Saving a new "Man Overboard" waypoint will overwrite and
erase the previous "Man Overboard" waypoint.
Navigate Back to MOB Waypoint
Find your way back to the accident position with the Navigation Page
or Map Page. When MOB is activated, the Navigation Page automatically shows the compass rose with its bearing arrow pointing toward
the man overboard position, and the destination name says "Going To
Man Overboard." The Map Page displays a Man Overboard waypoint,
represented by a human figure, and the steering arrow points where to
steer to reach that position.
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Navigating to Man Overboard: Navigation Page, left, and Map Page,
right. The victim is astern of the vessel; the GPS shows which direction to steer to for the rescue.
The man overboard position is also stored in the waypoint list for future
reference. It can be edited the same as any other waypoint.
To cancel navigation to MOB, press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT. The unit stops showing navigation information.
Navigate to Cursor Position on Map
The GO TO CURSOR command navigates to the current cursor position on
the map. It's a quick and handy way to navigate to anything you can
see on the map display.
1. Use the cursor (controlled by the arrow keys) with the zoom in and
zoom out keys to maneuver around the map until you find a location
you want to go to.
2. Center the cursor over the location to select it. See the example in
the following figure. (Many map items such as waypoints, Points of Interest, towns, etc. can be "selected," and appear "highlighted" with a
pop-up box. Other features, such as a river or a street intersection will
not appear "highlighted," but the cursor will take you to those locations
just the same.)
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Navigate to cursor. In this example, the cursor has selected the town of
Oologah, Oklahoma.
3. Press MENU|ENT and the LCX-104C will begin navigating to the cursor location.
The Map Page will display a red line from your current position to the cursor position. The Navigation Page displays a compass rose showing navigation information to your destination. See the following examples.
The 30-mile zoom figure at left clearly shows the red course line connecting your current position to your destination. The 30-mile zoom, center,
shows both current position and direction to destination on screen. The
Navigation Page, right, will also show navigation information.
To stop navigating to the cursor, use the Cancel Navigation command:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT. The
LCX-104C stops showing navigation information.
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Navigate to a Point of Interest
For POIs that are in view on the map, you can easily use the Navigate
to Cursor command above; just use the cursor to select the POI.
The other method involves searching for POIs with the Find Waypoint
command, launched with the WPT key. (See the searching example earlier in this section, or turn to Sec. 9, Searching, for detailed instructions
on POI searches.)
After you have looked up an item with the Find Waypoint command,
use the → to make sure the GO TO command is highlighted at the top of
the screen, then press ENT. The LCX-104C begins showing navigation
information to the item.
To cancel navigation, press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|←
to YES|ENT. The LCX-104C stops showing navigation information.
Creating and Saving a Trail
A trail, or plot trail, is a string of position points plotted by the LCX104C as you travel. It's a travel history, a record of the path you have
taken. Trails are useful for repeating a journey along the same track.
They are particularly handy when you are trying to retrace your trip
and go back the way you came. On the screen, trails are represented by
a magenta line extending from the back of the current position arrow.
The LCX-104C is set at the factory to automatically create and record a
trail while the unit is turned on. The unit will continue recording the
trail until the length reaches the maximum trail point setting (default is
2,000, but the unit can record trails 9,999 points long). When the point
limit is reached, the LCX-104C begins recording the trail over itself.
By default, the trail flashes once a second, making it easier to see
against the background map. With the default auto setting, the LCX104C creates a trail by placing a dot (trail point) on the screen every
time you change directions. (The methods used for creating a trail and
the trail update rate can both be adjusted or even turned off. See Sec. 8
for Trail Options.)
To preserve a trail from point A to point B, you must "turn off" the trail
by making it inactive before heading to point C or even back to point A.
When the current trail is set inactive, the LCX-104C automatically creates and begins recording a new trail.
To Save a Trail
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
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Visible
symbol
Active
symbol
Sequence for saving a trail and beginning a new one. At left, My Trails
command. Center, the Trails Menu. The arrow to the right of Trail 17
indicates the trail is "active," and the check to the left indicates the
trail is visible on the map display. The right figure shows the Edit
Trail menu, with the Active command selected.
2. Press ↓ to the Active Trail Name|ENT.
3. Press ↓ to ACTIVE|ENT. This unchecks the Active option.
4. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT. As you
left the Edit Trail menu, you will notice that a new trail was started
with a new sequential number. In the example figure below, the new
trail is number 15, showing zero points. Note that Trail 14 is inactive,
but it is still visible on the map.
New trail, named "Trail 15," is created when Trail 14 is made inactive.
Any new travel will be recorded in this trail, which is active and visible. Trails do not need to be visible in order to be active.
You can save and recall up to 10 different plot trails, which can also be
copied to your MMC for archiving or for transfer to your MapCreate
software.
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Tip:
Another quick way to stop recording one trail and begin a new one
is to use the New Trail command: Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY
TRAILS|ENT|ENT.
Caution:
You also have the option of completely turning off trail recording, under the trail Options command. However, if the Update
Active Trail option is left turned off, it will cancel the automatic
trail creation feature.
Displaying a Saved Trail
The active trail is automatically displayed on the map (the "Visible"
option) with the factory default settings. You can selectively turn trail
display off and on for any saved or active trail. In the Saved Trails List,
visible trails have a check mark in front of the trail name.
To turn off trail display:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press ↓|↓ to enter the Saved Trail list, then use ↑ or ↓ to select the
desired Trail Name|ENT.
3. Press ↓ to ACTIVE|→ to VISIBLE|ENT. To return to the previous page,
press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
To turn on trail display:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press ↓|↓ to enter the Saved Trail list, then use ↑ or ↓ to select the
desired Trail Name|ENT.
3. Press ↓ to ACTIVE|→ to VISIBLE|ENT. To return to the previous page,
press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Navigating Trails
There are three methods for following a trail: visual trailing, navigating
a trail (forward) and backtracking a trail (backward). Try each method
to see which you prefer.
Visual trailing is the simplest method. It uses only the Map Page and
requires no menu commands at all. The technique works the same if
you are running a trail forward (from start to end) or backward (from
end to start.) However, visual trailing provides no navigation information during the trip, such as the time to your destination.
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The other two methods provide a full range of navigation data and work
with both the Map Page and Navigation Page. The only difference between them is "navigating a trail" follows a trail forward (from start to
end) while "backtracking" follows a trail in reverse (from end to start.)
When hiking at walking speed with a hand-held GPS, we often just use
visual back trailing because it is a bit better at following each little
turn on a foot path. At faster speeds, such as the highway or on the water, the Navigate Trail and Backtrack Trail commands are handy.
Visual Trailing
1. On the Map Page, zoom (ZIN or ZOUT) so your flashing trail is visible.
2. Begin moving and watch the Map Page. Simply walk or steer so that
your current position arrow traces along the trail you have just made.
Tip:
Generally, when using this method, the smaller the zoom range, the
more accurately you will be able to steer along the trail.
Navigate a Trail (forward)
The following figures illustrate the menu sequence for navigating a
trail.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press ↓|↓ to enter the Saved Trail list, then use ↑ or ↓ to select the
desired Trail Name|ENT.
3. Press → to DELETE TRAIL|↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT.
4. Press ↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT. The unit begins showing navigation information along the trail.
NOTE:
If you are already located at or near the beginning of your trail, the
arrival alarm will go off as soon as you hit Enter. Just press EXIT to
clear the alarm and proceed.
5. Now, begin moving and follow your LCX-104C.
6. When you reach your destination, be sure to cancel your navigation:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT. The LCX-104C asks if
you're sure; press ←|ENT.
116
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 4.
Figure 3.
Navigate a trail menu sequence: Fig. 1, My Trails command. Fig. 2,
Trails Menu. Fig. 3, Edit Trail Menu. Fig. 4, Edit Route Menu with
Navigate command highlighted for Trail 6. A trail is always converted
to a "route" when you navigate the trail.
On the Map Page, the trail you are navigating is represented by a magenta line. The Navigation Page will also show the navigated trail as a
magenta line. The bearing arrow on the compass rose points to the next
waypoint on the trail.
As you travel, the arrival alarm will go off when you near a trail waypoint, and the bearing arrow on the compass rose will swing around
and point to the next trail waypoint. Press EXIT to clear the alarm.
117
North Present
position
arrow
Trail point
Magenta
trail line
Navigate trail, map views: at left driver is northbound heading
straight toward trail point 6. At right, northbound driver has reached
point 6 and has turned west to follow trail.
Course
line made
from trail
Track or compass heading indicator
Bearing arrow
Trail
waypoint
symbol
Cross track
error range
(off course
indicator)
Arrival
alarm
New trail
Navigate trail, navigation page (compass rose) views: at left, driver is
northbound heading straight toward trail point 6; bearing arrow
shows the trail point is due north (straight ahead.) At right, driver has
reached trail point 6 and must turn west to follow the trail. Arrival
alarm goes off and bearing arrow swings around to say turn left (west),
toward the next waypoint, trail point 7. The LCX-104C now shows
navigation information to point 7, which is 1.99 miles away.
Navigate a Back Trail (backtrack, or reverse)
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press ↓|↓ to enter the Saved Trail list, then use ↑ or ↓ to select the
desired Trail Name|ENT.
3. Press → to DELETE TRAIL|↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT.
4. Press ↓ to NAVIGATE|→ to REVERSE|ENT|← to NAVIGATE|ENT. The unit
begins showing navigation information along the trail, in reverse.
118
NOTE:
If you are already located at or near the end of your trail, the arrival alarm will go off as soon as you hit Enter. Just press EXIT to
clear the alarm and proceed.
5. Now, begin moving and follow your LCX-104C.
6. When you reach your destination, be sure to cancel your navigation:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT. The LCX-104C asks if
you're sure; press ←|ENT.
Transfer Custom Maps and GPS Data Files
Custom Maps:
Custom maps work only from the MMC card or SDC card. When a card
containing a Custom Map File is loaded into the unit, it automatically
loads the map into memory when the unit is turned on.
Instructions for copying Custom Map Files to an MMC are contained in
the instruction manual for your MMC card reader and MapCreate 6
software. For instructions on inserting an MMC into the LCX-104C, see
Sec. 2, Installation/Accessories.
NOTE:
To load a Navionics chart, see Sec. 8 for the entry Navionics Charts.
GPS Data files:
GPS Data Files contain waypoints, routes, trails and event marker
icons. Instructions for copying GPS Data Files between your computer
and an MMC are contained in the instruction manual for your MMC
card reader and MapCreate 6 software.
GPS data automatically recorded in the unit's internal memory must be
saved to the MMC (as a GPS Data File) in order to store it on your personal computer. GPS Data Files stored on an MMC must be copied from
the card to the LCX-104C's internal memory before the unit can read
them. Here's how:
1. Insert the MMC into your unit. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM
SETUP|ENT|↓ to TRANSFER MY DATA|ENT and the screen below appears.
119
The Transfer My Data submenu asks if you want to save data to the
MMC or load data from the MMC into the LCX-104C's memory.
2. The Transfer My Data menu includes a message which tells you if an
MMC is present or not. If no MMC is present, you must first insert a
card into the LCX-104C in order to activate the Load or Save commands.
To transfer data from the unit to the MMC: press ENT (for SAVE.)
To transfer data from the MMC to the unit: press → to LOAD|ENT.
3. Saving to MMC: To accept the default name "Data" for the GPS
Data File, press ↓ to SAVE DATA|ENT. If you wish to rename the file (as
shown in the following figures), press ENT to activate the selection box.
Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character, then press → to the next
character and repeat until the name is correct. Then, press ENT|↓ to
SAVE DATA|ENT.
The unit will display first a progress then a completion message when
the data transfer is finished. To return to the Page view, repeatedly
press EXIT.
From left to right, these figures show the menu sequence for naming and
saving a GPS Data File from the LCX-104C's memory to an MMC.
120
4. Loading to unit memory: There may be more than one GPS Data
File (*.USR) on the card. To select a file, press ENT to activate the selection box, use ↓ or ↑ to highlight the file, then press ENT to accept the
selection. Next, press ↓ to LOAD|ENT. The unit will display a completion
message when the data transfer is finished. To return to the Page view,
press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
These figures show the menu sequence for loading a GPS Data File
from an MMC into the LCX-104C's memory.
Cancel Navigation
You can turn off any of the navigation commands after you reach your
destination or at any other time by using the Cancel Navigation command. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
121
Notes
122
Section 7:
Advanced GPS Operations
Find Distance From Current
Position To Another Location
1. While on the Map Page press: MENU|↓ to FIND DISTANCE|ENT.
2. Center your cursor over the position you want to find the distance to.
A rubber band line appears, connecting your current position to the
cursor's location. The distance along that line will appear in a pop-up
box. The box also shows the bearing to the point you're measuring to.
3. Press EXIT to return to regular operation.
At left, the distance from the boat's current position to the boat ramp is
0.58 miles. At right. the distance from Dallas to Little Rock is 292.2 miles.
Find Distance From Point to Point
You can also measure distance between two other points on the map.
1. While on the Map Page press: MENU|↓ to FIND DISTANCE|ENT.
2. Center your cursor over the first position. (A rubber band line appears, connecting your current position to the cursor's location.) Press
ENT to set the first point, and the rubber band line disappears.
3. Move the cursor to the second position. The rubber band line reappears, connecting the first point you set to the cursor. The distance
along that line will appear in a pop-up box.
4. Press EXIT to clear the command and return to the page screen.
Icons
Icons are graphic symbols used to mark some location, personal point of
interest or event. They can be placed on the map screen, saved and re123
called later for navigation purposes. These are sometimes referred to as
event marker icons. The LCX-104C has 42 different symbols you can
pick from when creating an icon.
Icons are similar to waypoints, but they do not store as much information (like names) as waypoints do. You can't use a menu to navigate to
icons as you can with waypoints. (But, you can use the map cursor and
navigate to any icon on the map.)
You can create an icon at the cursor position on the map, or at your
current position while you are navigating.
Create Icon on Map
1. Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the place where you want
to make an icon.
2. Press ENT and the screen shows a "Select Icon Symbol" menu.
3. Press ← or ↑ or → or ↓ to select your icon symbol, then press ENT.
The icon appears on the map.
Cursor selects icon location, left; Select Icon Symbol menu, center;
Boat Ramp icon on map, right. (Cursor has been moved for clarity.)
Create Icon at Current Position
1. While you are traveling, press ENT and the screen shows a "Select
Icon Symbol" menu.
2. Press ← or ↑ or → or ↓ to select your icon symbol, then press ENT.
The icon appears on the map.
Delete an Icon
You can delete all the icons at one time, you can delete all icons represented by a particular symbol, or you can use the cursor to delete a selected icon from the map.
1. Press MENU|↓ to DELETE MY ICONS|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to DELETE ALL ICONS, DELETE BY SYMBOL, or DELETE FROM MAP and
press ENT.
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Delete icons menu.
The Delete All Icons command will ask if you are sure. Press ← to
YES|ENT. All icons will be deleted from the map.
The Delete by Symbol command will launch the Select Symbol menu.
Press ← or ↑ or → or ↓ to select the icon symbol to delete, then press
ENT. A message appears saying all icons with the selected symbol have
been deleted.
The Delete From Map command will prompt you to move the cursor
over an icon to select it. After selecting the icon, press ENT and it disappears from the map.
Navigate to an Icon
Use the Navigate to Cursor command, and use the cursor to select the
desired icon on the map.
1. Use arrow keys to center cursor cross-hair over the icon.
2. To navigate to the selected icon location: press MENU|ENT|EXIT.
Follow course line on the Map Page or the compass bearing arrow on the
Navigation Page.
Routes
A route is a series of waypoints, linked together in an ordered sequence,
that's used to mark a course of travel. You can visualize a route as a
string of beads: The beads represent waypoints and the string represents the course of travel connecting waypoint to waypoint.
The course from one waypoint to the next is a leg; routes are composed
of one or more legs. The legs of all GPS routes are based on straight
lines between waypoints.
A route provides the automatic capability to navigate through several
waypoints without having to reprogram the unit after arriving at each
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waypoint. Once programmed into the GPS unit, a route provides the
option of navigating forward through the route waypoints or in reverse
order (you can even begin navigating in the middle of a route!)
Create and Save a Route
You have the option of creating and editing a route in the unit, or you
can make a route on your computer with our MapCreate 6 software.
PC-created Routes
MapCreate is the easiest method for preparing a route, simply because
your PC's larger screen, keyboard and mouse are easier to manipulate
than the gimbal-mounted LCX-104C.
To load a MapCreate route into the LCX-104C, follow instructions in
MapCreate's manual for creating a route and saving it as part of a GPS
Data File (file format *.usr). Copy the GPS Data File to an MMC and
insert the MMC in the LCX-104C. (See Sec. 2 for instructions on installing MMCs. To load the GPS Data File into the LCX-104C memory,
see the entry on Transfer Custom Maps & GPS Data Files in Sec. 6,
Basic GPS Operations.)
Routes Created in the Unit
You can create a route by selecting existing waypoints from the waypoint list or you can set a series of route waypoints on the map with
cursor arrows and the Enter key. In this example, we'll create a route
from the map.
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE,
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
Route Planning command on Main Menu, left,
will open the Route List screen, right.
2. Press ↓ |↓ |↑ or↓ to route name|ENT|↓ to (ROUTE END)|ENT|↓ to ADD
FROM MAP|ENT. The Map Page appears with the cursor showing.
126
Edit Route menu, left. Edit Route Waypoints menu, right,
with Add From Map command selected.
3. Use the Zoom keys and arrow keys to move the map and cursor until
the cursor is centered on the spot where you want your route to begin.
(If you are starting at your current position or the current cursor position, you are already at the starting spot.)
4. Set the first route waypoint: press ENT. In this example, we moved to
the intersection of 11th Street and 145th E. Ave. to start our route to a
public hunting area next to a river. (Creating this example route is illustrated in the following figures.)
1.
2.
3.
Route creation sequence, from left: Fig. 1. Set route waypoint (1) at
11th St. & 145th Ave. Fig. 2. Move cursor north to set point (2) at 145th
& Admiral. Fig. 3. With point (2) set, move cursor east to mark interstate on-ramp with waypoint (3). In figures 2 and 3, notice the rubber
band line extending from the previously set waypoint to the cursor.
This line will become the course for the route.
4.
5.
6.
Route creation sequence, continued: Fig. 4. Point (3) set at on-ramp
turn. Fig. 5. Waypoint (4) set at highway exit to frontage road leading
to river. Waypoint (5) ends the route at a tree stand in the hunting
area. Fig. 6. Press EXIT to save the route and you return to this screen.
127
5. Move the cursor to the next point in the route, a spot where you need
to turn or change direction, and press ENT to set the next waypoint.
6. Repeat step five until the route reaches your destination.
7. To save your route, press EXIT. The LCX-104C reverts to the Edit
Route screen, with the route automatically named "Route 1" and stored
in the LCX-104C's internal memory. (In our example, Route 1 already
existed, so the unit automatically made "Route 2.")
You can edit the route and run other commands, but if you are finished
with the route for now, return to the last page displayed by
pressing EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Delete a Route
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to route name|ENT.
3. Press ↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT|→ to DELETE|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Tip:
You can also delete all routes at once:
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
2. Press → to DELETE ALL|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Edit a Route
You can edit the route name if you wish.
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to route name|ENT|ENT.
3. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character, then press → to move the
cursor to the next character and repeat until the name is correct, then
press ENT. Return to the previous page by pressing
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
You can edit the route by adding and removing waypoints.
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to route name|ENT|↓ to ROUTE WAYPOINTS LIST. Use ↓ and ↑ to
select a waypoint, then press ENT.
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Edit Route Waypoints menu.
3. Use ↓ and ↑ to select a command from the Edit Route Waypoints
menu and press ENT. Add From Map lets you insert a waypoint in the
route by clicking on a map location with the cursor. Add Waypoint calls
up the Waypoint List so you can insert a waypoint from the list. Remove Waypoint will delete the waypoint from the route. View Waypoint
will show you where the selected waypoint is on the map.
Navigate a Route
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE,
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
Route Planning command on Main Menu, left; Routes menu, center;
Edit Route menu, right. Navigate command is selected.
2. Press ↓ to select route name|ENT|↓ to NAVIGATE|ENT|ENT.
3. Upon arrival at your destination, cancel navigation:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
The following figures show what the Navigation Page and Map Page
look like while navigating a route.
129
Navigate a Route in Reverse
Here's how you run a route backward, from the end waypoint to the
beginning waypoint:
1. From the NAVIGATION PAGE, press MENU|ENT or from the MAP PAGE,
press MENU|MENU|↓ to ROUTE PLANNING|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to select route name|ENT|↓ to NAVIGATE|→ to REVERSE|ENT|← to NAVIGATE|ENT.
3. Upon arrival at your destination, cancel navigation:
press MENU|MENU|↓ to CANCEL NAVIGATION|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Figure 2.
Figure 1.
Figure 4.
Figure 3.
Navigating along a route: Fig. 1 shows the Navigation Page at the start
of a route, heading straight for the first waypoint (Wpt 1). In Fig. 2, the
traveler has arrived at Wpt 1; the arrival alarm has been triggered and
the bearing arrow on the compass rose has turned to point toward Wpt
2, off to the east. In Fig. 3 the traveler has turned east on his new
course and is heading straight for Wpt 2, which is 2.15 miles away. Fig.
4 shows route navigation on the Map Page. In this figure, the traveler
has reached Wpt 2 and is half-way along the leg between Wpts 2 and 3.
130
Trails
Delete a Trail
This is the command used to erase or delete a trail:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT|↓ to trail name|ENT|→ to
DELETE TRAIL|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Tip:
You can also delete all trails at once:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
2. Press → to DELETE ALL|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Edit a Trail Name
To edit a trail name: press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT|↓ to trail
name|ENT|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character, then press
→ to the next character and repeat until the name is correct. Press ENT
then EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page display.
Tip:
You can quickly call up the Edit Trail menu by selecting a trail on
the map with the cursor. Simply move the cursor over a trail and a
pop-up box appears. Press WPT and the Edit Trail menu opens.
At left, trail selected with map cursor. The pop-up box shows distance
and bearing from current position to the selected point on the trail. At
right, the Edit Trail menu.
Edit a Trail Color
To edit a trail color: press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT|↓ to trail
name|ENT|↓ to COLOR|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to select a color style, then
press ENT. Press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page
display.
Edit a Trail Pattern
To edit a trail pattern: press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT|↓ to trail
name|ENT|↓ to PATTERN|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character,
131
then press → to the next character and repeat until the pattern is correct. Press ENT, then EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous
page display.
At left, Edit Trail Menu with Pattern option selected. At right, edited
trail with dotted line pattern.
Utilities
Utilities are useful tools for traveling or for outdoor activities.
Alarm Clock
To get to the alarm clock menu: press MENU|MENU|↓ to TIMERS|ENT|↓
to ALARM CLOCK|ENT.
Sun/Moon Rise & Set Calculator
To get to the Sun/Moon menu: press MENU|MENU|↓ to SUN/MOON
CALCULATIONS|ENT.
Trip Calculator
To get to the Calculator menu: press MENU|MENU|↓ to TRIP CALCULATOR|ENT.
Trip Down Timer
To get to the Down Timer menu: press MENU|MENU|↓ to TIMERS|ENT|↓
to DOWN TIMER|ENT.
Trip Up Timer
To get to the Up Timer menu: press MENU|MENU|↓ to TIMERS|ENT|ENT.
Waypoints
Delete a Waypoint
To
delete
a
waypoint
from
the
waypoint
list:
press
WPT|ENT|ENT|ENT|↓ to waypoint name|ENT|↓ to DELETE WAYPOINT|ENT|← to YES|ENT. To return to the previous page, press
EXIT|EXIT.
132
To delete a waypoint from the map:
1. Use the arrow keys to select the waypoint with the cursor.
2. Press WPT|→ to DELETE WAYPOINT|ENT|← to YES|ENT. To return to
the previous page and clear the cursor, press EXIT.
To delete all waypoints at one time: press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM
SETUP|ENT|↓ to DELETE ALL MY WAYPOINTS|ENT|← to YES|ENT. To return
to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
Edit a Waypoint
Waypoint Name
To edit waypoint name: 1. Press WPT|ENT|ENT|ENT|↓ to waypoint
name|ENT|↓ to EDIT WAYPOINT|ENT|ENT.
2. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character, then press → to the next
character and repeat until the name is correct. Press ENT then
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page display.
Waypoint Symbol
To edit waypoint symbol: 1. Press WPT|ENT|ENT|ENT|↓ to waypoint
name|ENT|↓ to EDIT WAYPOINT|ENT|↓ to CHOOSE SYMBOL|ENT.
2. Use arrow keys to select desired symbol and press ENT. To return to
the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Waypoint Position
To edit waypoint position: 1. Press WPT|ENT|ENT|ENT|↓ to waypoint
name|ENT|↓ to EDIT WAYPOINT|ENT.
2. Latitude: press → to LATITUDE|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first
character, then press → to the next character and repeat until the latitude is correct. Press EXIT.
3. Longitude: press ↓ to LONGITUDE|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first
character, then press → to the next character and repeat until the longitude is correct. Press EXIT.
4. When latitude and longitude are correct, return to the previous page:
press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Selecting a Waypoint
To select a waypoint on the map (for navigating to, for editing, etc.,) use
the arrow keys and center the cursor over the waypoint. A highlighted
halo will appear around the waypoint.
Set a Waypoint by Average Position
This feature sets a waypoint at the current position after taking several
position readings and averaging them. This boosts waypoint position
133
accuracy by helping to eliminate errors caused by atmospheric conditions and other factors.
1. Press WPT|→ to SUBCATEGORY column|↓ to NEW|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to AVERAGE POSITION|ENT|press → to CREATE|ENT.
3. Wait while the unit takes points to average for the position. (The greater
the number of points, the greater the accuracy.) When the desired number
of points accumulates, press ENT to create and save the waypoint.
4. The Edit Waypoint menu appears. You can simply save the waypoint
by pressing EXIT|EXIT or you can edit the waypoint.
Set a Waypoint by Projecting a Position
This feature sets a waypoint at a point located a specific distance and
bearing from a reference position. The reference position can be selected from your waypoint list, a map feature or from the Points of Interest list.
1. Press WPT|→ to SUBCATEGORY column|↓ to NEW|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to PROJECTED POSITION|ENT|→ to CREATE|ENT.
3. Press → to CHOOSE REFERENCE|ENT. Use ↑ and ↓ to select a waypoint,
map feature or Point of Interest. When the point has been selected,
press ENT and the point's position appears as the reference position.
4. Press ↓ to DISTANCE|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character,
then press → to the next character and repeat until the distance is correct. Press ENT.
5. Press ↓ to BEARING|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character,
then press → to the next character and repeat until the bearing is correct. Press ENT.
6. Press ↑ to PROJECTION|ENT. The Edit Waypoint menu appears. You
can simply save the new projected waypoint by pressing EXIT|EXIT or
you can edit the waypoint. (Press EXIT|ENT if you want to immediately
begin navigating to the new waypoint.)
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Section 8:
System & GPS Setup Options
Alarms
This unit has several GPS alarms. The factory default setting has all
the alarms turned on. You can turn the alarms off and on and change
their distance settings.
You can set an arrival alarm to flash a warning message and sound a
tone when you cross a preset distance from a waypoint. For example, if
you have the arrival alarm set to 0.1 mile, then the alarm will flash a
message when you come within 0.1 mile of the recalled waypoint.
The off course alarm warns you when your track drifts too far to the
right or left of the course line to the waypoint. For example, if the
alarm is set to 0.1 mile, then the alarm flashes a message if you drift
0.1 of a mile or more to the right or left of the line to the waypoint.
The anchor alarm is triggered when you drift outside of a preset radius.
Again, using the 0.1 mile as an example, if you're anchored and your
boat moves more than 0.1 mile, the alarm will flash a message and
sound a tone.
Alarms command, left; Alarm menu, right.
To change alarm settings:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to ALARMS|ENT.
2. Scroll ↓ or ↑ to select the desired category, then press ENT to check or
clear the Enabled box. This turns the alarm on (checked) or off (unchecked.)
3. To change distance settings, scroll ↓ or ↑ to select the desired category, then press → |ENT to activate the distance dialog box. Press ↑ or
↓ to change the first character, then press → to the next character and
repeat until the name is correct.
135
4. When your adjustments are finished, return to the last page displayed by repeatedly pressing EXIT.
IMPORTANT ALARM NOTES:
Anchor Alarm - The anchor alarm may be triggered even when
you're sitting still. This typically happens when using small (less
than 0.05 mile) anchor alarm ranges.
Arrival Alarm - If you set the arrival alarm's distance to a small
number and you run a route (see the Navigate Routes segment),
this unit may not show navigation data to the next waypoint, once
you arrive at the first one, since you may not be able to come close
enough to the first waypoint to trip the arrival alarm.
Auto Satellite Search
To lock onto the satellites, the GPS receiver needs to know its current
position, UTC time and date. (Elevation (altitude) is also used in the
equation, but it's rarely required to determine a position.) It needs this
data so that it can calculate which satellites should be in view. It then
searches for only those satellites.
When your GPS receiver is turned on for the first time, it doesn't know
what your position or elevation (altitude) is. It does know the current
UTC time and date since these were programmed into it at the factory
and an internal clock keeps the time while the unit is turned off. (If the
time and/or date are incorrect, you can set it using the "Set Local Time"
menu.)
The unit begins searching for the satellites using the above data that it
acquired the last time it was turned on. This probably was at the factory. Since it's almost certain that you're not at our factory, it's probably looking for the wrong satellites.
If it doesn't find the satellites it's looking for after approximately one
minute, it switches to Auto Search. The receiver looks for any satellite
in the sky. Due to advanced technology, the auto search time has
shrunk significantly from the early days of GPS.
Once the unit locks onto the satellites, it should take less than a minute to
find your position the next time it's turned on, provided you haven't moved
more than approximately 100 miles from the last location it was used.
136
GPS Auto Search on the Satellite Status Menu.
You can force the unit to immediately kick into auto search mode.
Here's how:
1. Press PAGES until you are on the Satellite Status screen.
2. Press MENU|↓ to GPS AUTO SEARCH|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Check MMC Files and Storage Space
To check MMC Files:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to BROWSE MMC FILES|ENT.
Main Menu, left, MMC File Browser, right.
Communications Port Configuration
The unit has two NMEA 0183 version 2.0 compatible communication
ports, or com ports for short. The Com Port Menu, which is accessed
from the System Setup Menu, allows you to configure the communications ports to send or receive data to another electronic device, such as
an autopilot. Com port 1 can be used for either NMEA or DGPS Binary
data transfer. Com port 2 is for NMEA output only.
137
Menus for changing Com Port settings.
For connectors and wiring information for another device, see page 33.
For assistance in configuring the unit to communicate with another
device, consult the factory; customer service phone numbers are in the
back of this manual. Also see the entries below for Configure DGPS and
Configure NMEA. To set Com Port Configuration:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to COMMUNICATIONS PORT|ENT.
Configure DGPS
This unit will recognize Starlink, Magnavox and Lowrance DGPS
receivers.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to COMMUNICATIONS PORT|ENT.
A. If you have a Magnavox receiver, press ↓ to MAGNAVOX|ENT.
B. If you have a Lowrance or Starlink receiver, press ↓ to STARLINK|ENT.
C. If you have a Magnavox or Starlink, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT. This is
the only setup necessary. If you have a Lowrance receiver or another
Magnavox- or Starlink- compatible brand, continue with these steps:
3. Press ↓ to CONFIGURE NMEA|→ to CONFIGURE DGPS|ENT.
4. Press ENT, then use ↑ ↓ → ← to enter the station frequency, then
press ENT.
5. Press → to BIT RATE|ENT then use ↑ ↓ to select the station bit rate,
then press ENT.
6. A. If you are not using a Starlink DGPS receiver, press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page.
B. If you are using a Starlink DGPS receiver, press ↓ to STARLINK AUTO
TUNING MODE|press ENT|press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page.
138
Configure NMEA
You can configure the unit to use specific NMEA sentences.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to COMMUNICATIONS PORT|ENT|↓ to CONFIGURE NMEA|ENT.
3. A menu appears showing the prefixes of the available NMEA sentences. A check mark next to a prefix means the prefix is in use. Use ↑
↓ → ← to select a prefix, then press ENT to turn off the prefix. (Press
ENT again to check the box and turn a prefix on.)
4. When the desired prefixes are checked or unchecked, press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page.
Coordinate System Selection
The Coordinate System Menu lets you select the coordinate system to
use when displaying and entering position coordinates.
Menus for changing coordinate system used to display positions.
To get to Coordinate System Selection:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to COORDINATE SYSTEM|ENT.
This unit can show a position in degrees (36.14952°); degrees, minutes
and thousandths of a minute (36° 28.700'); or degrees, minutes, seconds
and tenths of a second (36° 28' 40.9"). It can also show position in: UTM
(Universal Transverse Mercator) projection; MGRS (Standard); MGRS
(Standard + 10); Map Fix; Loran TD; British, Irish, Finnish, German,
New Zealand, Swedish, Swiss, Taiwan, Greek and Military grids.
UTM's are marked on USGS topographic charts. This system divides
the Earth into 60 zones, each 6 degrees wide in longitude.
British, Irish, Finnish, German, New Zealand, Swedish, Swiss, Taiwan,
and Greek grid systems are each the national coordinate system used
only in their respective countries. In order to use these grid systems,
139
you must be in the respective country. This unit will pick the matching
datum for you when you select the grid. See the entry on Map Datum
Selection for more information.
The military grid reference system (MGRS) uses two grid lettering
schemes, which are referred to as standard and standard + 10 MGRS
on this unit. Your position and datum in use determines which one to
use. If you use standard, and your position is off significantly, then try
the alternate.
NOTE: When the position format is changed, it affects the way all positions are shown on all screens. This includes waypoints.
To change the coordinate system, press ENT while COORDINATE SYSTEM is
highlighted. Press the ↑ or ↓ arrow keys to highlight the desired format. Press ENT to select it. Press EXIT to erase the menus.
To setup Loran TD:
NOTE:
If the Loran TD conversion is chosen, you must enter the local Loran chain identification for the master and slaves. Do this by selecting "Setup Loran TD" at the bottom of the "Coordinate System"
menu and select the ID. Press EXIT to erase this menu.
Configure Loran TD menu.
Map Fix
Map Fix is used with charts or maps. This system asks for a reference
position in latitude/longitude, which you take from a marked location
on the map. It then shows the present position as distance on the map
from that reference point.
140
For example, if it shows a distance of UP 4.00" and LEFT 0.50", you
then measure up four inches and to the left a half-inch from the reference point on the map to find your location.
To configure a map fix:
To use this format, you need to follow these steps in order. First, take
your map of the area and determine a reference latitude/longitude.
(Please note that in order for this system to work, the latitude/longitude lines must be parallel with the edge of the map. USGS
maps are parallel, others may not be. Also, this works better with
smaller scale maps.) The reference position can be anywhere on the
map, but the closer it is to your location, the smaller the numbers will
be that you'll have to deal with.
Once you've decided on a reference position, you can save it as a waypoint. See the waypoint section for information on saving a waypoint.
Save the reference position as a waypoint. Exit from the waypoint
screens.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to COORDINATE SYSTEM|ENT.
3. Press ↓ to SETUP MAP FIX|ENT.
The following screen appears, and MAP SCALE is highlighted. Press ENT
and enter the map's scale. This is generally at the bottom of the paper
map. It's shown as a ratio, for example 1:24000. Press EXIT and the unit
returns to the Configure Map Fix screen.
Configure a map fix so the LCX-104C can find your position on a
printed chart or topographical map.
141
Press ↓ to SELECT ORIGIN WAYPOINT|ENT|ENT|ENT to bring up the waypoint list. Select the waypoint that you saved the reference point under
and press ENT. The unit displays a waypoint information screen with
the command SET AS ORIGIN selected; press ENT and the unit returns to
the Configure Map Fix menu. Finally, press EXIT to erase this menu.
Now press ↑ to COORD SYSTEM|ENT, select MAP FIX from the list and press
ENT|EXIT. All position information now shows as a distance from the
reference point you chose.
Customize Page Displays
The Status, Navigation, and Map pages all have customizable options.
These options decide which information is viewable on each page.
Customize Satellite Status Page
While on the Satellite Status Page, press MENU|↓ to CUSTOMIZE|ENT.
Press ↓ or ↑ to select a display option window. With the display window
highlighted and flashing, press ENT to open a list of options. Scroll ↑
and ↓ to select a different display option, then press ENT. After all options are set, press EXIT to return to the page display.
Customize Navigation Page
While on the Navigation Page, press MENU|↓ to CUSTOMIZE|ENT. Press ↓
or ↑ to select a display option window. With the display window highlighted and flashing, press ENT to open a list of options. Scroll ↑ and ↓
to select a different display option, then press ENT. After all options are
set, press EXIT to return to the page display.
Customize Map Page
While on the Map Page, press PAGES|↓ or ↑ to select Option
Name|ENT.
DGPS Status
The DGPS Status screen shows whether DGPS is off or on, and it describes the quality of the DGPS signal. This screen is useful if you have
to diagnose a DGPS problem.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|↓ to DGPS STATUS|ENT.
2. The DGPS Status screen is displayed. To return to the previous page,
press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
GPS Simulator
The GPS simulator lets you use the unit as if you were outdoors navigating somewhere. It's a great way to practice using your unit. You can
set the starting location by entering latitude/longitude (Starting Posi142
tion) or from a stored waypoint, map place or POI location (CHOOSE START
command). You can steer your position and change speed on the map by
using the arrow keys (STEER WITH ARROWS command) or by setting the track
and speed in the dialog boxes provided on the simulator menu screen.
To get to the GPS Simulator:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to GPS SIMULATOR|ENT. The GPS Simulator Menu appears.
GPS Setup Menu, left; GPS Simulator menu, right.
Make the desired settings, then turn the simulator on by highlighting
the GPS SIMULATOR ON box and pressing ENT key. Press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT
to erase this menu. A message and tone appear periodically, warning
you that the simulator is on. To turn the simulator off, repeat the above
steps or turn the unit off.
While in simulator mode, you can press EXIT to clear the steering and
speed boxes from the screen while continuing the simulation. This will
allow you to use the map cursor during a simulation. To turn steering
and speed boxes back on again, return to the GPS Simulator menu, select the STEER WITH ARROWS command, press ENT, then Press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page.
Simulating Trail or Route Navigation
In Simulator mode, your unit can automatically follow a trail or route
without manual steering if you use these steps:
1. From the Map Page, go to the simulator menu. Pick a STARTING POat or near the beginning of your trail/route. Enter an approximate
TRACK (shown in compass degrees) that will point you toward the start
of the trail/route.
SITION
2. Set SPEED to zero. Select STEER WITH ARROWS command and press ENT,
which turns on the simulator and returns you to the Map Page.
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3. Begin navigating along the trail/route. (If you are close enough to the
first waypoint, the arrival alarm will usually go off as soon as navigation begins. Press EXIT to clear the alarm.) When navigation starts,
press ↑ to increase speed to the desired setting.
4. Press EXIT to turn off the steering and speed boxes. The unit will now
automatically "steer" along the trail or route. When you arrive at your
"destination," cancel navigation as you normally do.
Tip:
You can pick any spot on the map to begin your simulation session
by using the Initialize GPS command. This makes your unit think
it's located at the position you select. See it's entry following the entry for Hide GPS Features.
Hide GPS Features
If there is no GPS antenna/receiver module attached to this unit, the
GPS menus and features can be hidden from view with this command.
The default setting is off, allowing you to rotate between the Sonar
Page and the GPS pages and features. To hide GPS features:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to HIDE GPS FEATURES|ENT.
The GPS menus and pages are now hidden.
To restore GPS Features, press MENU|MENU|↓ to SHOW GPS FEATURES|ENT. The GPS menus and pages are available once again.
Initialize GPS
This command is handy when you are practicing in simulator mode.
(See the entry in this section for GPS Simulator.) In simulator mode,
this command makes the unit operate as if it is sitting someplace other
than its actual location. So, you and your unit could be located in Kansas City, but easily practice navigating in the ocean off Islamorada,
Florida.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|ENT.
2. A message appears, telling you to move the cursor near the desired
location and press ENT. When the message automatically clears, follow
the message instructions.
3. In a moment, your present position marker arrow appears on the
map in the location you selected with the cursor. The unit will consider
that spot as it's last known position until changed by either a live satellite lock-on or a new simulator location.
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Map Auto Zoom
This receiver has an auto zoom feature that eliminates much of the button pushing that other brands of GPS receivers force you to make. It
works in conjunction with the navigation features.
First, start navigation to a waypoint. (See the waypoint section for
more information on navigating to a waypoint.) Then, with the auto
zoom mode on, the unit zooms out until the entire course shows, from
the present position to the destination waypoint. As you travel toward
the destination, the unit automatically begins zooming in — one zoom
range at a time — always keeping the destination on the screen.
To turn this feature on, from the MAP PAGE, press MENU|↓ to AUTO
ZOOM|ENT|EXIT. Repeat these steps to turn it off.
Map Data
This menu lets you turn the map off, if desired (which turns the map
screen into a GPS plotter); turn off or on the pop-up map info boxes;
draw the map boundaries or boxes around the areas of high detail; or
fill water areas with white. You can also turn on or off Map Overlays,
which display latitude and longitude grid lines or range rings on the
map. This menu lets you select Navionics Maps; for instructions, see
the Navionics Charts entry in this section.
To get to Map Data:
From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT.
Map Menu, left, Map Data Menu, right.
Show Map Data
From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT. Press ENT to
check SHOW MAP DATA (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option
is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
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Pop-up Map Info
From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT. Press ↓ to POPUP
MAP INFO. With the option highlighted, press ENT to check it (turn on)
and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
Map Boundaries
From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT. Press ↓ to MAP
BOUNDARIES. With the option highlighted, press ENT to check it (turn on)
and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
Fill Water With White
From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT. Press ↓ to FILL
WATER WITH WHITE. With the option highlighted, press ENT to check it
(turn on) and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is set, press
EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
Map Overlays (Range Rings; Lat/Long Grid)
The map screen can be customized with four range rings and/or grids
that divide the plotter into equal segments of latitude and longitude.
Range rings are handy for visually estimating distances on the map.
The ring diameters are based on the current zoom range. For example:
at the 100 mile zoom, the screen will show two rings with your current
position in the center. The large ring touching the left and right sides of
the screen is 100 miles in diameter (same as the zoom range). The second smaller ring is 50 miles in diameter (always 1/2 the zoom range).
The distance from your current position to the smaller ring (the ring's
radius) is 25 miles (always 1/4 the zoom range). With the arrow keys
and map cursor, you can scroll the map to see the third and fourth
rings. In this example, the distance to the third ring is 75 miles and
distance to the fourth ring is 100 miles from your current position.
To set range rings: From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP
DATA|ENT. Press ↓ to RANGE RINGS. With the option highlighted, press
ENT to check it (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is
set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
To set Lat/Long Grid: From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP
DATA|ENT. Press ↓ to LAT/LON GRID LINES. With the option highlighted,
press ENT to check it (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
146
Map Datum Selection
Maps and charts are based on a survey of the area that's covered by the
map or chart. These surveys are called "Datums." Maps that are created using different datums will show the same latitude/longitude in
slightly different locations.
All datums are named. The GPS system is based on the WGS-84 datum, which covers the entire world. Other datums may also cover the
entire world, or just a small portion of it. By default, your position
shows using the WGS-84 datum. However, it can show your position
using one of 191 different datums. Different datums can be selected; to
change the datum:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|↓ to MAP DATUM|ENT.
2. Scroll ↓ or ↑ to select the desired datum, then press ENT.
3. To return to the last page displayed, press EXIT|EXIT.
A list of the datums used by this unit is in the back of this manual.
GPS Setup Menu, left, Map Datum Menu, right.
Map Detail Category Selection
This menu determines which of the mapping features are shown on the
screen. This includes, waypoints, trails, icons, cities, highways, etc. You
can selectively turn on or off any of these items, customizing the map to
your needs.
To get to Map Categories:
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP CATEGORIES DRAWN|ENT.
2. Press ↑ or ↓ to select a category or press → then press ↑ or ↓ to select
a subcategory. Press ENT to turn it off (no check) or on (checked.)
3. To return to the last page displayed, press EXIT|EXIT.
147
Map Menu, left, Map Categories Drawn Menu, right.
Map Orientation
By default, this receiver shows the map with north always at the top of
the screen. This is the way most maps and charts are printed on paper.
In Track Up mode, map shows "N" and arrow to indicate north.
Map orientation at left is shown in north up and at right, track up.
This is fine if you're always traveling due north. What you see to your
left corresponds to the left side of the map, to your right is shown on
the right side of the map, and so on. However, if you travel any other
direction, the map doesn't line up with your view of the world.
To correct this problem, a track-up mode rotates the map as you turn.
Thus, what you see on the left side of the screen should always be to
your left, and so on.
Another option is course-up mode, which keeps the map at the same
orientation as the initial bearing to the waypoint. When either the
track-up or course-up mode is on, an "N" shows on the map screen to
help you see which direction is north.
To change map orientation: from the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP
ORIENTATION|ENT. Use ↑ or ↓ to select the desired mode, then press ENT.
Press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
148
Map Menu, left; Map Orientation menu with
the North Up map orientation option selected, right.
Overlay Data
To change the digital data shown on top of the Sonar Page or the Map
Page:
First, press PAGES, use → or ← to select a Page Name, then press EXIT.
To select data for display:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|ENT.
Overlay Data command on the Sonar Menu, at left. Overlay Data
Shown selection menu, right. In this example, we scrolled down the
data list to highlight "Ground Speed."
When selected, the data type shifts to the top of the data list and a
check mark appears beside the data type. (If you wish, you may now
use ↓ or ↑ to select other Data Types for display.)
149
Data list showing "Ground Speed" selected to display on Sonar Page.
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
To turn off displayed data:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|ENT. The selected data type disappears from the top of the list and reverts to its previous, unchecked position. (If you wish, you may now use ↓ or ↑ to select other Data Types
to turn off.)
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
To change displayed data font size:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|press → or ← to Data Size|EXIT.
The selected data type will be displayed in the new size. (To change the
font size for another Data Type, press ENT and repeat these steps, beginning with step two above.)
3. To return to the previous page, press EXIT.
Tip:
If you wish, you can change the displayed data font size when you
select a data type:
1. From the Map or Sonar page, press MENU|↓ to OVERLAY
DATA|ENT.
2. Press ↓ or ↑ to select Data Type|press → or ← to select Data
Size|ENT.
The data will be shown in the new font size. To return to the previous page, press EXIT|EXIT.
150
Steering
arrow
Course
line
At left, Map Page showing boat cruising Puget Sound, Washington,
with Overlay Data turned on. This example shows Depth, Ground
Speed and the Steering Arrow. Note that the Steering Arrow always
points directly to the destination you are navigating toward. In this
case, the boater is headed on a northwesterly course of 280º. Since the
helmsman is on course, the Steering Arrow is pointing straight ahead.
If the helmsman veered off course, the arrow would show which direction to steer to get back on course toward the destination. At right,
Sonar Page with Overlay Data turned on. This example shows Depth,
Ground Speed and the Track the boat is following.
Navionics Charts
Your LCX-104C can display Navionics electronic charts on MMCs.
They work just like a MapCreate custom map on an MMC.
Left, entrance to Chesapeake Bay in a MapCreate 6 custom map,
10 mile zoom. Center, same position on Navionics chart at
11.15 mile zoom and right, 5.56 mile zoom.
To display a Navionics chart:
1. Install the Navionics MMC in the memory card compartment and
turn on the unit. (For full card install instructions, see Sec. 2.)
WARNING:
You should never format the MMC containing your
Navionics chart. Formatting the MMC will permanently
erase the chart from the card.
151
2. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to MAP DATA|ENT|↓ to MAP
CHOICE|ENT. Use ↑ or ↓ to select the Map Name, then press
ENT|EXIT|EXIT.
These figures show menu sequence (from left to right) for selecting a
Navionics chart for the South Chesapeake Bay area.
3. To turn off a Navionics chart, From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to
MAP DATA|ENT|↓ to MAP CHOICE|ENT. Use ↑ or ↓ to select LOWRANCE, then
press ENT|EXIT|EXIT.
Port Information
Navionics charts contain Port Services information, represented by anchor
icons on the map display. An example is displayed in the following figure.
To view Port Services information:
1. Use the arrow keys to move the cursor over a Port Services icon.
When selected, a pop-up name box appears.
2. Press WPT to display the Port Services Information screen.
The Port Services information screen has two windows. The top window
lists the various service categories. The lower window lists the detailed
services available in each basic category.
Port Services
icons
Pop-up
name box
Cursor lines
Navionics chart showing Port Services icon selected by cursor.
152
3. To scroll through the Service Categories window: press ENT then use
↑ or ↓ to see the types of services available. As you highlight a different
category, the list in the lower window changes. To return to the Map
Page, press EXIT|EXIT.
4. The General Services category includes a long list of items in the Detailed Services window. To scroll through the Detailed Services window:
from SERVICE CATEGORIES, press ↓ to DETAILED SERVICES|ENT, then use ↑ or
↓ to read the list of available services. To return to the Map Page, press
EXIT|EXIT. To return to the top service category window, press ENT|↑.
Port Services information screens.
Tidal Current Information
Navionics charts contain Tidal Current information,
represented at large zoom ranges by a box icon with
the letter "C." The icon stands for a Tidal Current
Station location. An example is displayed at right.
When you zoom in to a sufficiently small zoom range, the icon itself becomes an animated arrow showing tidal current velocity and direction
for the selected tidal station at the present time. At larger zoom ranges,
you can select the boxed "C" icon and it becomes an animated arrow
with a pop-up name box. An example is displayed in the following figure.
To view Tidal Current information:
1. Use the arrow keys to move the cursor over a Tidal Current Station
icon. When selected, a pop-up name box appears.
2. Press WPT to display the Tidal Current Information screen.
153
Tidal Current
Station icon
in animated
mode
Pop-up
name box
Cursor lines
Navionics chart showing Tidal Current Station icon selected by cursor. In this example, the tidal current is in flood but it's about to enter
the slack water stage. The current is flowing to the west at 0.1 mph.
Current Information screen.
The Tidal Current Information screen displays daily tidal current data
for this station on this date at the present time. The graph at the top of
the screen is an approximate view of the flood and ebb pattern for the
day, from midnight (MN), to noon (NN) to midnight (MN). The velocity
scale at the top left side of the graph changes dynamically based upon
the maximum velocity of the current for that day.
Slack water, the period of little or no current, is represented by the
Slack Water Line (SWL). The flood appears above the SWL and the ebb
appears below the SWL.
154
You can look up tidal current data for other dates by changing the
month, day and year selection boxes. To select another date:
1. Use → and ← to highlight month, day or year, then press ENT.
2. Use ↑ and ↓ to select the desired month, day or year, then press ENT.
To clear the information screen, press EXIT.
Tide Information
Navionics
charts
contain
Tidal
Information,
represented at large zoom ranges by a box icon with
the letter "T." The icon stands for a Tidal Station
location. An example is displayed at right.
When you zoom in to a sufficiently small zoom range, the icon itself becomes an animated gauge showing a rising or falling tidal height for the
selected station at the present time. At larger zoom ranges, you can select the boxed "T" icon and it becomes an animated gauge with a pop-up
name box. An example is displayed in the following figure.
To view tide information:
1. Select a Tide Station icon: use the arrow keys to move the cursor over
an icon. When it is selected, a pop-up name box appears.
2. After selecting the Tide Station icon, press WPT to display the Tide
Information screen.
Cursor line
Pop-up
name box
Tide Station
icon
Navionics chart showing Tide Station icon selected by cursor.
In the example above, the tide is at 2.8 feet and falling,
as shown by the down arrow at the top of the icon.
155
Tide Information screen.
The Tide Information screen displays daily tidal data for this station on
this date at the present time. The graph at the top of the screen is an
approximate view of the tidal range pattern for the day, from midnight
(MN), to noon (NN) to midnight (MN). The dotted line across the graph
is the Mean Lower Low Water line (MLLW).
The height scale on the top right side of the graph changes, based upon
the maximum range of the tide for that day. The MLLW line also adjusts its position as the height scale changes.
You can look up tidal data for other dates by changing the month, day
and year selection boxes. To select another date:
1. Use → and ← to highlight month, day or year, then press ENT.
2. Use ↑ and ↓ to select the desired month, day or year, then press ENT.
To clear the information screen, press EXIT.
Pop-up Help
Help is available for virtually all of the menu labels on this unit. By
highlighting a menu item and leaving it highlighted for a few seconds, a
"pop-up" message appears that describes the function of the menu item.
This feature is on by default.
To set up Popup Help: Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓
to POPUP HELP. With the option highlighted, press ENT to check it (turn
on) and uncheck it (turn off.) After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to
return to the page display.
156
System Setup menu, left, with Pop-up Help command highlighted. At
right, this example shows the Pop-up Help message for the Screen
command, located on the Map Menu.
Position Pinning
When you are standing still or moving at extremely slow speed, a GPS
receiver can have trouble determining the direction you are traveling.
In the past, this resulted in a "wandering" plot trail that moved around
the map, even if you were standing still.
The Position Pinning feature was developed so that when you stopped,
the unit locked the present position on the GPS plotter until you moved
a short distance or exceeded a very slow speed.
The command remains available in the unit's software, but we recommend that you leave it in the default off (unchecked) mode. The "wandering" plot trail issue has now been corrected by the Track Smoothing
feature. Turning on Position Pinning could actually result in an inaccurate plot trail if you are moving around in a relatively small area. If you
want to experiment with Position Pinning, the same instructions are
used to turn the feature on (checked) and off (unchecked.)
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|↓ to POSITION PINNING|ENT.
2. Press EXIT|EXIT to return to the previous page.
Reset Options
To reset all features to their factory defaults:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to RESET OPTIONS|ENT|← to
YES|ENT.
NOTE:
Reset Options does not erase any waypoints, routes, icons, plot trails or
sonar logs.
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Reset Options command, left,
and the Reset Options Menu, right.
Require DGPS
You can force the LCX-104C to require DGPS for reporting a valid position. (The default setting, off, uses DGPS automatically when an optional DGPS beacon receiver is connected. However, this auto mode
doesn't require DGPS reception to yield a position.) Here's how to turn
mandatory DGPS on and off.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|↓ to REQUIRE DGPS|ENT.
2. To return to the last page displayed, press EXIT|EXIT.
3. You can return to this command and press ENT again to turn the feature off.
GPS Setup command, left; Require DGPS
command on the GPS Setup Menu, right.
Screen Contrast and Brightness
To access the Screen menu, press MENU|MENU|ENT.
Once in the Screen menu:
To adjust the display's contrast:
158
The CONTRAST slider bar is already selected. Press → or ← to move the
bar. The left end of the scale is minimum contrast; the right end is
maximum contrast.
Screen Command, left, and Screen Menu with Contrast bar selected, right.
To adjust the display's brightness:
Press ↓ to BRIGHTNESS. Press → or ← to move the bar. The left end of the
scale is minimum contrast; the right end is maximum contrast.
To adjust the screen's display mode:
Press ↓ to DISPLAY MODE|ENT|press ↑ or ↓ to select mode|EXIT.
Display Mode menu.
Set Language
This unit's menus are available in 10 languages: English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Danish, Swedish, Russian, Dutch and Finnish.
To select a different language:
159
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT.
2. Press ↓ to SET LANGUAGE…|ENT.
3. Use ↓ or ↑ to select a different language and press ENT. All menus
now appear in the language you selected.
Set Local Time
Using the correct local time setting is handy when estimating local arrival time while navigating. Also, the time and date are saved when a
waypoint is created.
To access the Set Local Time menu, you must first acquire your position. Once that is done: press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to
SET LOCAL TIME|ENT.
Once in the Time Settings menu:
To set Local Time: Press ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first charac-
ter, then press → to move the cursor to the next character. Repeat until
the time is correct, then press ENT.
To set the Month: Press ↓ to MONTH|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to select the
month, then press ENT.
To set the Day: Press → to DAY|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to select the day,
then press ENT.
To set the Year: Press → to YEAR|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to select the year,
then press ENT.
The last field in this menu is CONFIG DST. This feature allows your unit
to automatically adjust with the time change caused by Daylight Saving Time (you should only have to set it once). You may select which set
of rules matches DST in your region, or simply accept the default.
Once you have each field set the way you want, press EXIT repeatedly
until you return to the previous page.
Show WAAS Alarm
When the signal is available, your unit will automatically use WAAS to
boost the accuracy of the position fix. When the WAAS signal is lost or
acquired, an alarm message appears. Since the U.S. government is still
developing the WAAS system, it's not unusual for a GPS/WAAS receiver to frequently lose and reacquire its lock on a WAAS satellite.
That can result in the alarm repeatedly going on and off. If you want,
you have the option of turning off the WAAS Acquired/Lost alarm without affecting how the unit uses WAAS. Here's how:
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to GPS SETUP|ENT|↓ to SHOW WAAS ALARM.
160
2. With the option highlighted, press ENT to uncheck it (turn off) and
check it (turn on). After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to
the page display.
3. You can return to this command and press ENT again to turn the feature on.
Software Version Information
From time to time, Lowrance updates the operating system software in
some of its products. These software upgrades are usually offered to
customers as free downloads from our web site, www.lowrance.com.
These upgrades make the unit perform better or introduce a new feature or function. You can find out what software version is running in
your LCX-104C by using the Software Information command.
LCX-104C
Debug 0.1.0
Build PC-Win32
System Setup command left; Software Information command, center.
At right, the Software Information screen.
1. Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|↓ to SOFTWARE INFO|ENT.
2. Read the information displayed on the screen.
3. To return to the last page displayed, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT.
Sounds and Alarm Sound Styles
Sounds triggered by key strokes and alarms can be adjusted:
You first press MENU|MENU|↓ to SOUNDS|ENT.
Sounds command, left. At right, the Sounds menu.
161
Once in the Sounds menu:
To set Key Press Sounds: With the option highlighted, press ENT to
check it (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off). After the option is set, press
EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
To set Alarm Sounds: Press ↓ to ALARM SOUNDS. With the option highlighted, press ENT to check it (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off). After
the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
To set Alarm Volume: Press ↓ to VOLUME. Press → or ← to move the
bar. The left end of the scale is low volume; the right end is high volume.
After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
To set Alarm Style: Press ↓ to ALARM STYLE|ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to
change the style, then press ENT. After the option is set, press
EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
Track Smoothing
This is a factory setting on the GPS Setup menu that should always be
left on. When stopped or traveling at slow speeds (such as walking or
trolling), Track Smoothing prevents wandering of trails, the steering
arrow, compass rose and a map in track-up mode.
Track Smoothing option, turned on.
Trail Options
There are several options you can use with trails. Some affect all trails,
other options can be applied to a particular trail. You can change the
way trails are updated, you can display or hide trails, create a new
trail, delete a trail, etc.
General Trail Options
To access the Trails Menu:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to MY TRAILS|ENT.
162
Main Menu, left, Trails Menu, center, Trail Options, right.
Delete All Trails
To remove all of the trails from memory: from the Trails Menu, press →
to DELETE ALL|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Update Trail Option
This menu lets you change the way the trail updates occur.
WARNING:
If you uncheck the Update Trail option, automatic trail
creation and recording will be turned off. You must turn
it back on to record trails. The default setting is on.
From the Trails Menu, press → to OPTIONS|ENT. With UPDATE ACTIVE TRAIL
highlighted, press ENT to check it (turn on) and uncheck it (turn off).
Update Trail Criteria (Auto, Time, Distance)
The options are automatic, time, or distance. When it's in the default
automatic mode, the unit doesn't update the plot trail while you're
traveling in a straight line. Once you deviate from a straight line, the
unit "drops" a plot point (trail waypoint) onto the trail. This conserves
plot trail points. If a plot trail uses all of the available points allotted to
it, the beginning points are taken away and placed at the end of the trail.
From the Trails Menu, press → to OPTIONS|ENT|↓ to UPDATE CRITERIA.
Press ↑ or ↓ to select criteria type|ENT. If you selected Time, the Update Rate data entry box appears on the menu. If you selected Distance,
the Update Distance data entry box appears on the menu.
Trail Update Rate (Time, Distance)
You can update a trail by time, with a range from 1 second to 9999 seconds; the default is 3 seconds. You can update by distance, with a range
from 0.01 mile/nm/km to 9.99 mile/nm/km; the default is 0.10 miles.
With one of the Update Criteria selected, use the cursor arrows to
highlight either the UPDATE RATE or UPDATE DISTANCE data entry boxes and
press ENT. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first character, then press → to
the next character and repeat until the entry is correct. Press EXIT to
return to the Trail Options Menu.
163
Trail Options menu: Update Time Rate setting, left, and Update Distance setting, right.
Specific Trail Options
Delete Trail
To delete a specific trail: From the Trails Menu, press ↓ to Trail
Name|ENT. The Edit Trail menu appears as seen in the following figure. Press → to DELETE TRAIL|ENT|← to YES|ENT.
Edit Trail menu.
New Trail
To manually start a new trail, in the Trails Menu, make sure NEW TRAIL
is highlighted and press ENT|EXIT.
Trail Visible/Invisible and Other Trail Options
The name, maximum number of points in the trail, activity, and visibility are all changed on the Edit Trail menu screen. The Active setting
determines whether or not the unit is recording new points for a particular trail.
164
On the Edit Trail menu, press ↓ or ↑ to highlight the section you wish
to change, then press ENT. Make your changes, then press EXIT to erase
this menu.
You can also change the trail line color and pattern. For instructions,
see the entries on Edit a Trail Color and Edit a Trail Pattern beginning
on page 131, Sec. 7, Advanced GPS Operations.
Units of Measure
This menu sets the speed and distance (statute or nautical miles, meters), depth (feet, fathoms, or meters), temperature (degrees Fahrenheit
or Celsius) and heading (true or magnetic) units. To change the units:
Press MENU|MENU|↓ to SYSTEM SETUP|ENT|ENT.
System Setup Menu, left, Units of Measure Menu, right.
To set Speed/Distance Unit of Measure: Press ↑ or ↓ to change the
Speed/Distance, then press ENT. After the option is set, press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
To set Heading: Press ↑ or ↓ to change the heading type, then press
ENT. After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the page
display.
To set Depth: Press → to DEPTH. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the heading
type, then press ENT. After the option is set, press EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to
return to the page display.
To set Temperature: Press → ↓ to TEMPERATURE. Press ↑ or ↓ to change
the heading type, then press ENT. After the option is set, press
EXIT|EXIT|EXIT to return to the page display.
165
Notes
166
Section 9:
Searching
NOTE:
The background map loaded in your unit lets you search for U.S.
Interstate Highway exits and exit services, as well as some land
features, including cities and lakes. For a full set of searchable land
features, including landmarks, streets, addresses and Points of Interest, you must load your own high-detail custom map produced
with our MapCreate 6 software. For a complete description of what
detail is found in the background map and custom MapCreate
maps, see page 99.
The unit's varied search functions all begin with either the Find Waypoint menu or the Map Page menu. Press WPT and the Find Waypoint
menu appears for waypoints and Points of Interest (POI). From the
Map Page, press MENU and the Map Page menu appears for streets,
addresses and highway exits.
Find Waypoint menu, left and Map Page menu, right.
NOTE:
You can search for items after the unit has acquired a position, or
while using it in the "indoor" simulator mode. Distance and bearing
to the selected item will be calculated from the unit's current position, or the last known position if operating indoors (without a position determined). You can look up items by name, or search for the
item nearest to you.
Find Addresses
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to FIND ADDRESS|ENT.
2. Press ENT to search in the Address field.
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Find Address Menu.
3. To enter an address number, press ↑ or ↓ to change the first
number, then press → to move the cursor to the next number and repeat until the number is correct, then press ENT.
4. To enter a street name, press ↓ to STREET|ENT. There are two options: A. You can spell out the name in the top selection box. Press ↑
or ↓ to change the first letter, then press → to move the cursor to the
next letter and repeat until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B.
Jump down to the lower selection list by pressing ENT, then press ↓ or ↑
to select a street name from the list, then press ENT. The street name
you selected is now in the street field.
Find Address menu, left; Find Street menu, center,
with Find By Name field active; street name entry complete, right.
5. To enter a city name, press ↓ to CITY|ENT. You will be asked if you
want to find addresses only within a particular city. This option is designed so you can limit an address search to a single city if necessary
(see the note below.)
If you select yes, there are two options: A. You can spell out the city
name in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first letter, then
press → to move the cursor to the next letter and repeat until the name
is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B. Jump down to the lower selection list
by pressing ENT, then press ↓ or ↑ to select a city name from the list,
then press ENT. The city name you selected is now in the city field.
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NOTE:
We recommend that you do not enter a city name unless the list you
are given is too large when searching without it. The unit can actually search quicker without a city and you save time by not entering
a city name.
Find city field, left, Search in particular city only option, center; Find
City by name, right.
6. When the necessary search fields are filled in, press ↓ to FIND ADYour unit asks you to wait while it searches for the address.
(If an address is not in the database, a message appears saying the address could not be found.)
DRESS|ENT.
7. The unit will display a list of addresses. If the address you are looking for is highlighted at the top of the list, press ENT. If not, use ↓ and ↑
to select the correct address from the list, then press ENT. The Map
Page will then appear with the location selected by the cursor. (In the
example below, we are looking for 12303 East 11th Street in Tulsa, not
11th Court, so we had to scroll down the list to select the right one.)
Address search result list, left. At center, Map Page showing
location of the address on the map, highlighted by cursor.
At right, after the address is located, you can navigate to it.
8. To navigate to the address, press MENU|ENT|EXIT and your unit will
begin showing navigation information to the address pointed out by the
cursor. If you are only looking up an address (not navigating), just
press EXIT to return to the previous page.
169
Tip:
If the address also happens to be an item in the Point of Interest
database, you can look up the item's phone number in the Waypoint
Information list. With the address location selected by the cursor on
the map, press WPT. The POI's Waypoint Information window appears, with the Go To Waypoint command highlighted. If you want
to go ahead and navigate to the POI address, just press ENT|EXIT.
Left, Map Page showing location of the address on the map, highlighted by cursor. Center, this address is a business in the POI database, so you can display the POI information window, then navigate to
it. At right, this address is not in the POI database, so the Waypoint
key will not display any information for this address.
Find Any Item Selected by Map Cursor
On the Map Page: with a POI or map feature selected by the cursor
press WPT. To return to the previous page, press EXIT.
A POI selected by the cursor, left, POI information screen, right.
NOTE:
Since the Go To Waypoint command is highlighted, you can navigate to the selected POI by pressing ENT|EXIT while in the POI
Waypoint Information screen.
170
Find Interstate Highway Exits
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to HIGHWAY EXITS|ENT, which calls
up the Find Exit menu.
Find Highway Exits command, left, and Find Exit menu, right.
2. First, select a highway name by pressing ENT, which calls up the
Find By Name menu. There are two highway search options: A. You
can spell out the highway name in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓
to change the first letter, then press → to move the cursor to the next
letter and repeat until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B.
Jump down to the lower selection list by pressing ENT, then press ↓ or ↑
to select a highway from the list, then press ENT.
Find By Name menu.
3. Once you have selected a highway name you can then select an exit.
Press ↓ to switch to the Exit List, then press ↓ or ↑ until you highlight
the exit, then press ENT.
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Find Exit menu, with an exit selected in the Exit List.
4. In the Exit Information screen you have two choices. A. Press ENT to
navigate or "go to" the exit. B. Press →|ENT to find the exit on the map.
"Go To Exit" option, left, "Find On Map" option, right.
Tip:
You can also look up some additional information on the Exit Services located near this exit. Press ↓ to SERVICES|press ↓ or ↑ to select
Service Name|ENT.
Exit Information screen, left; general location
and amenities information, at right.
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Find Map Places or Points of Interest (POI)
1. Press WPT, press ↓ or ↑ to select a map place or POI category, then
press ENT. (To narrow your search, press → then press ↓ or ↑ to select a
subcategory before pressing ENT.) You will be given two options; Search
By Name or By Nearest.
Find Waypoint menu with Lodging POI category selected, left, and
with the RV Parks subcategory selected, right.
2. Search by nearest POI. Press ↓|ENT. The "Find by Nearest" menu
will show a "calculating" screen, then a list of the nearest POI's will
appear. Press ↓ or ↑ to the selected POI and press ENT to call up the
POI's Waypoint Information screen.
Find by Nearest option, left, Calculating screen, center, POI list, right.
3. Search by name of POI. Press ENT. There are two options: A. You
can spell out the POI in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓ to change
the first letter, then press → to move the cursor to the next letter and
repeat until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B. Jump down to
the lower selection list by pressing ENT, then press ↓ or ↑ to select a
POI from the list, then press ENT to call up the POI's Waypoint Information screen.
173
Find by Name option, left, Find by Name menu, right.
4. When the POI's Waypoint Information screen is displayed, you can
choose to "Go To" the POI waypoint by pressing ENT or find it on the
map by pressing→|ENT.
Go To Waypoint POI option, left; Find on Map POI option, right.
Find Streets or Intersections
Find a Street
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to FIND STREETS|ENT and the Find
Streets Menu appears.
Find Streets command, left, Find Streets menu, right.
174
2. You must first fill in a street name in the First Street dialog box. Press
ENT to display the Find By Name menu. There are two options: A. You
can spell out the street in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓ to change
the first letter, then press → to move the cursor to the next letter and
repeat until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B. Or you can
jump down to the lower box and pick a street from the selection list.
Press ENT, then press ↓ or ↑ to select a street from the list and press ENT.
Find Street By Name menu. Spell out name in
the top box, or select from the list in the lower box.
3. The Find Streets menu reappears with the street you're searching for in
the First Street box. (In this example, it's 80th Street.) To search for that
street, press ↓ to FIND FIRST STREET|ENT. A message appears asking you to
wait while the unit finds the street. When the Streets Found list appears,
press ↑ or ↓ to select the street you are searching for and press ENT.
At left, the Find Streets menu with the Find First
Street command highlighted. At right, Streets Found list.
4. The Map Page appears, with the cursor pointing to the found street.
175
Map Page showing results of a street search.
The cursor points to the located street.
If you want to navigate to the found street at the cursor location, just
press MENU|ENT|EXIT.
Find an Intersection
You must enter one street in the First Street dialog box and enter the
next street in the Second Street dialog box.
1. From the Map Page, press MENU|↓ to FIND STREETS|ENT and the Find
Streets Menu appears.
2. You must fill in a street name in the First Street dialog box. Press ENT
to display the Find By Name menu. There are two options: A. You can
spell out the street in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the
first letter, then press → to move the cursor to the next letter and repeat
until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B. Or you can jump down
to the lower box and pick a street from the selection list. Press ENT,
then press ↓ or ↑ to select a street from the list and press ENT.
3. The Find Streets menu reappears with the street you're searching for
in the First Street box. (In this example, it's 80th Street.)
4. Now fill in the second street. Press ↓ to SECOND STREET|ENT and the
Find By Name menu appears again. Just like before, there are two options: A. You can spell out the second street in the top selection box.
Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first letter, then press → to move the cursor
to the next letter and repeat until the name is correct, then press
ENT|ENT. B. Or you can jump down to the lower box and pick the second street from the selection list. Press ENT, then press ↓ or ↑ to select a street from the list and press ENT.
176
5. The Find Streets menu reappears with the first and second street
dialog boxes filled in. In this example, we selected 71st Street as our
second street. You could now use similar techniques to select a city or
Zip code, but your search will probably be faster if you leave those
boxes blank. (You can specify a city and/or Zip code later on to narrow
the search, if the resulting list is too long.)
Find Intersection command highlighted, left, and
"Working" message, center. At right is the Intersections Found list.
6. To search for the intersection of the two streets, press ↓ to FIND
INTERSECTION|ENT. A message appears asking you to wait while the unit
finds the intersection. When the Intersections Found list appears, press
↑ or ↓ to select the intersection you are searching for and press ENT. (In
the example on the previous page, we selected the intersection of SW
80th Street and SW 71st Avenue in Miami, Fla.)
7. The Map Page appears, with the cursor pointing to the found intersection. The intersection in our example is shown below.
Map Page showing results of an intersection search.
The cursor points to the located intersection.
If you want to navigate to the found intersection, just press
MENU|ENT|EXIT.
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Find Waypoints
1. Press WPT|ENT.
2. If searching for the waypoint By Name, press ENT. If searching for
the Nearest waypoint, press ↓ to NEAREST|ENT. (To search by name,
jump to step 5 below.)
Find Waypoint menu, left; Find By Nearest command, center,
Find by Name command, right.
3. If you're looking for nearest, the unit says it is calculating, then a
list of waypoints appears. The closest is highlighted at the top of the
list and the farthest at the bottom of the list.
Calculating message, left, and list of the nearest waypoints, right.
4. To see location information on the closest (highlighted) waypoint,
press ENT and the Waypoint Information screen appears. (If you
wanted to, you could select another waypoint from the list with the ↑ or
↓ keys.)
A. To navigate to the waypoint, press ENT. (The Go To Waypoint
command is already highlighted.) The unit will show navigation information to the waypoint.
B. To find the waypoint, press ↓ to FIND ON MAP|ENT. The Map Page
appears with the cursor highlighting the found waypoint.
178
Waypoint Information screens with the Go To Waypoint command selected, left, and the Find on Map command selected, right.
To clear these menus and return to the previous page, press EXIT repeatedly.
5. If you're looking by name, there are two options: A. You can spell
out the name in the top selection box. Press ↑ or ↓ to change the first
letter, then press → to move the cursor to the next letter and repeat
until the name is correct, then press ENT|ENT. B. Or you can jump
down to the lower selection list by pressing ENT, then press ↓ or ↑ to
select a waypoint from the list, then press ENT. The waypoint information screen appears.
Find By Name menu, left. Waypoint Information screen, center. At right,
the found waypoint is highlighted by the cursor on the Map Page.
A. To navigate to the waypoint, press ENT. (Go To Waypoint command is already highlighted.) The unit will show navigation information to the waypoint.
B. To find the waypoint, press ↓ to FIND|ENT. The Map Page appears with the cursor highlighting the found waypoint.
To clear these menus and return to the previous page, press EXIT repeatedly.
179
Notes
180
Section 10: Supplemental Material
Datums Used by This Unit
WGS 1984
Default
Arc 1950 - Botswana
Bermuda 1957 - Bermuda
Arc 1950 - Burundi
Adindan
Mean for Ethiopia, Sudan
Adindan
Burkina Faso
Arc 1950 - Lesotho
Arc 1950 - Malawi
Arc 1950 - Swaziland
Adindan
Cameroon
Adindan
Ethiopia
Bissau - Guinea-Bissau
Bogota Observatory Colombia
Bukit Rimpah - Indonesia
(Bangka & Belitung
Islands)
Arc 1950 - Zaire
Arc 1950 - Zambia
Camp Area Astro Antarctica (McMurdo
Camp Area)
Arc 1950 - Zimbabwe
Adindan
Mali
Adindan
Senegal
Adindan
Sudan
Afgooye
Somalia
Ain el Abd 1970
Bahrain
Ain el Abd 1970
Saudi Arabia
Anna 1 Astro 1965
Cocos Islands
Antigua Island Astro
1943; Antigua (Leeward
Islands)
Arc 1950; Mean for
Botswana, Lesotho,
Malawi, Swaziland, Zaire,
Zambia and Zimbabwe
Arc 1960 - Mean for
Kenya, Tanzania
Ascension Island 1958 Ascension Island
Campo Inchauspe Argentina
Canton Astro 1966 Phoenix Islands
Cape - South Africa
Astro Beacon E 1945 Iwo Jima
Astro DOS 71/4 - St.
Helena Island
Astro Tern Island (FRIG)
1961 - Tern Island
Cape Canaveral Bahamas, Florida
Carthage - Tunisia
Switzerland
Astronomical Station
1952 - Marcus Island
Chatham Island Astro
1971; New Zealand
(Chatham Island)
Australian Geodetic 1966
- Australia & Tasmania
Chua Astro
Paraguay
Australian Geodetic 1984
- Australia & Tasmania
Corrego Alegre
Brazil
Ayabelle Lighthouse Djibouti
Dabola
Guinea
Bellevue (IGN) - Efate &
Erromango Islands
Djakarta (Batavia)
Indonesia (Sumatra)
181
DOS 1968
New Georgia Islands
(Gizo Island)
Easter Island 1967
Easter Island
European 1950
Mean for Austria,
Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, West
Germany, Gibraltar,
Greece, Italy,
Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland
European 1950
Mean for Austria,
Denmark, France, West
Germany, Netherlands,
Switzerland
European 1950
Italy (Sardinia)
European 1950
(Sicily)
European 1950
Malta
ISTS 061 Astro 1968
South Georgia Islands
Minna
Cameroon
ISTS 073 Astro 1969
Diego Garcia
Minna
Nigeria
Johnston Island 1961
Johnston Island
Montserrat Island Astro
1958; Montserrat
(Leeward Islands)
Kandawala
Sri Lanka
Kerguelen Island 1949
Kerguelen Island
European 1950
Cyprus
Kusaie Astro 1951
Caroline Islands
European 1950
Egypt
L.C. 5 Astro 1961
Cayman Brac Island
European 1950
England, Channel
Islands, Ireland, Scotland,
Shetland Islands
Leigon
Ghana
European 1950
Iran
Merchich
Morocco
Midway Astro 1961
Midway Islands
Kertau 1948
West Malaysia &
Singapore
European 1950
Greece
Massawa
Ethiopia (Eritrea)
Ireland 1965
Ireland
European 1950
Mean for Iraq, Israel,
Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait,
Saudi Arabia, Syria
European 1950
Finland, Norway
Mahe Island
Liberia 1964
Liberia
Luzon
Philippines (Excluding
Mindanao)
Luzon
Philippines (Mindanao)
Mahe 1971
182
M’Poraloko
Gabon, Nahrwan, Oman
(Masirah Island)
Nahrwan
Saudi Arabia
Nahrwan
United Arab Emirates
Naparima BWI
Trinidad & Tobago
North American 1927
Mean for Antigua,
Barbados, Barbuda,
Caicos Islands, Cuba,
Dominican Republic,
Grand Cayman, Jamaica,
Turks Islands
North American 1927
Mean for Belize, Costa
Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua
North American 1927
Mean for Canada
North American 1927
Mean for CONUS
(Continental United
States)
North American 1927
Mean for CONUS (East
of Mississippi River)
including Louisiana,
Missouri, Minnesota
North American 1927
Cuba
North American 1927
Mean for CONUS
(West of Mississippi
River)
North American 1983
Alaska, Canada, CONUS
North American 1927
Alaska
North American 1927
Bahamas (Except San
Salvador Island)
North American 1927
Bahamas (San Salvador
Island)
North American 1927
Canada (Alberta, British
Columbia)
North American 1927
Canada (Manitoba,
Ontario)
North American 1927
Canada (New Brunswick,
Newfoundland, Nova
Scotia, Quebec)
North American 1927
Canada (Northwest
Territories,
Saskatchewan)
North American 1927
Canada (Yukon)
North American 1927
Canal Zone
North American 1927
Greenland (Hayes
Peninsula)
North American 1927
Mexico
North American 1983
Central America, Mexico
Observaorio Metereo
1939; Azores (Corvo &
Flores Islands)
Old Egyptian 1907
Egypt
Great Britain 1936 England
Ordinance Survey
Great Britain 1936 England, Isle of Man,
Wales
Ordinance Survey
Great Britain 1936 Scotland, Shetland
Islands
Ordinance Survey
Great Britain 1936 Wales
Pico de las Nieves
Canary Islands
Pitcairn Astro 1967
Pitcairn Island
Point 58
Old Hawaiian
Mean for Hawaii, Kauai,
Maui, Oahu
Old Hawaiian
Hawaii
Old Hawaiian
Kauai
Old Hawaiian
Maui
Old Hawaiian
Oahu
Oman
Oman
Sweden
Santo (DOS)
1965 Espirito Santo
Island
Sao Braz
Azores (Sao Miguel,
Santa Maria Islands)
Sapper Hill 1943
East Falkland Island
Schwarzeck
Nambia
Selvagem Grande
Salvage Islands
Ordinance Survey
Great Britain 1936 - Mean
for England, Isle of Man,
Scotland, Shetland
Islands, Wales
Ordinance Survey
183
SGS 85
Soviet Geodetic System
1985
South American 1969
Mean for Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
Colombia, Ecuador,
Guyana, Paraguay, Peru,
Trinidad & Tobago, and
Venezuela
South American 1969
Paraguay
South American 1969
Peru
South American 1969
Argentina
South American 1969
Trinidad & Tobago
South American 1969
Bolivia
South American 1969
Venezuela
South American 1969
Brazil
South Asia
Tokyo
Korea
Tokyo
Okinawa
Tristan Astro 1968
Tristan da Cunha
Viti Levu 1916
Fiji (Viti Levu Island)
Wake
Singapore
South American 1969
Chile
South American 1969
Colombia
South American 1969
Ecuador
South American 1969
Ecuador (Baltra,
Galapagos)
South American 1969
Guyana
Eniwetok 1960
Tananarive Observatory
1925; Madagascar
Timbalai 1948
Brunei, East Malaysia
(Sabah, Sarawak)
Tokyo
Mean for Japan, Korea,
Okinawa
Tokyo
Japan
Marshall Islands
Wake Island Astro 1952
Wake Atoll
WGS 1972
Global Definition
Yacare
Uruguay
Zanderij
Suriname
184
FCC Compliance
This device complies with Part 15 of the U.S. Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that may cause
undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
manufacturer could void the user's authority to operate the
equipment.
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential
installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate
radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning
the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different
from that to which the receiver is connected.
•
Consult the factory customer service department for help.
185
Notes
186
LOWRANCE DATABASES LICENSE AGREEMENT
THIS IS A LEGAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE END-USER WHO FIRST
PURCHASES THIS PRODUCT AS A CONSUMER ITEM FOR PERSONAL,
FAMILY, OR HOUSEHOLD USE ("YOU") AND LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS,
INC., THE MANUFACTURER OF THIS PRODUCT ("WE", "OUR", OR "US").
USING THE PRODUCT ACCOMPANIED BY THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT
CONSTITUTES ACCEPTANCE OF THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS. IF
YOU DO NOT ACCEPT ALL TERMS AND CONDITIONS, PROMPTLY
RETURN THE PRODUCT WITHIN 30 DAYS OF PURCHASE. PLEASE
RETURN USING THE ENCLOSED UPS SHIPPING LABEL AND INCLUDE:
PROOF OF PURCHASE, NAME, ADDRESS, AND PHONE NUMBER. YOUR
PURCHASE PRICE AND ANY APPLICABLE TAXES WILL BE REFUNDED.
PLEASE ALLOW 4-6 WEEKS TO PROCESS YOUR REFUND.
1. This License Agreement applies to the one or more databases that
your product may contain. We refer to these singly as a "Database"
and together as the "Databases." Your product may thus include the
"WBS Database" which contains worldwide background surface
mapping data, the "SmartMap Database" which contains inland
mapping data, or other Databases.
2. The Databases that your product may contain are licensed, not sold.
We grant to you the nonexclusive, nonassignable right to use these
Databases for supplemental navigation reference purposes, but only
as long as you comply with the terms and conditions of this License
Agreement. We reserve the right to terminate this license if you
violate any aspect of this License Agreement. You are responsible for
using official government charts and prudent navigation for safe
travel.
3. The Databases housed in your product are protected by the
copyright notices appearing on the product or its screen(s). You may
NOT modify, adapt, translate, reverse engineer, decompile,
disassemble, rent, lease, or resell any Database, and you may NOT
create derivative works based upon any Database or its contents.
Any unauthorized reproduction, use, or transfer of a Database may
be a crime and may subject you to damages and attorney fees.
4. This License Agreement will terminate immediately without prior
notice from us if you fail to comply with or violate any of the
provisions of this Agreement. Upon termination, you will promptly
return all products containing one or more Databases to us.
5. Prices and programs are subject to change without notice.
6. This License Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of
Oklahoma and comprises the complete and exclusive understanding
between you and us concerning the above subject matter.
187
DATABASES LIMITED WARRANTY
"We", "our", or "us" refers to Lowrance Electronics, Inc., the manufacturer of
this product. "You" or "your" refers to the first person who purchases the
product as a consumer item for personal, family, or household use. The
Databases Limited Warranty applies to the one or more databases that your
product may contain. We refer to each of these as a "Database" or together as
the "Databases." Your product may thus include the "WBS Database" which
contains worldwide background surface mapping data, the "SmartMap
Database" which contains inland mapping data, or other Databases.
We warrant to you that we have accurately compiled, processed, and
reproduced the portions of the source material on which the Databases are
based. However, we are under no obligation to provide updates to the
Databases, and the data contained in the Databases may be incomplete when
compared to the source material. WE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND ABOUT THE ACCURACY OF THE SOURCE
MATERIAL ITSELF, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
If there is a defect in any Database, your exclusive remedy shall be, at our
option, either a refund of the price you paid for the product containing the
defective Database or a replacement of such product. WE WILL NOT UNDER
ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR ANY SPECIAL,
CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR OTHER INDIRECT DAMAGE OF
ANY KIND.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to
you.
This warranty does NOT apply in the following circumstances: (1) when the
product has been serviced or repaired by anyone other than us; (2) when the
product has been connected, installed, combined, altered, adjusted, or handled
in a manner other than according to the instructions furnished with the
product; (3) when any serial number has been effaced, altered, or removed; or
(4) when any defect, problem, loss, or damage has resulted from any accident,
misuse, negligence, or carelessness, or from any failure to provide reasonable
and necessary maintenance in accordance with the instructions of the owner’s
manual for the product.
We reserve the right to make changes or improvements in our products from
time to time without incurring the obligation to install such improvements or
changes on equipment or items previously manufactured.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other
rights which may vary from state to state.
Your remedies under this warranty will be available so long as you can show in
a reasonable manner that the defect occurred within one (1) year from the date
of your original purchase, and we must receive your warranty claim no later
than 30 days after such 1-year period expires. Your claim must be
substantiated by a dated sales receipt or sales slip.
188
LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS
FULL ONE-YEAR WARRANTY
"We," "our," or "us" refers to LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS, INC., the manufacturer of
this product. "You" or "your" refers to the first person who purchases this product as a
consumer item for personal, family or household use.
We warrant this product against defects or malfunctions in materials and workmanship,
and against failure to conform to this product's written specifications, all for one (1) year
from the date of original purchase by you. WE MAKE NO OTHER EXPRESS
WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION OF ANY KIND WHATSOEVER CONCERNING
THIS PRODUCT. Your remedies under this warranty will be available so long as you can
show in a reasonable manner that any defect or malfunction in materials or
workmanship, or any non-conformity with the product's written specifications, occurred
within one year from the date of your original purchase, which must be substantiated by
a dated sales receipt or sales slip. Any such defect, malfunction, or non-conformity which
occurs within one year from your original purchase date will either be repaired without
charge or be replaced with a new product identical or reasonably equivalent to this
product, at our option, within a reasonable time after our receipt of the product. If such
defect, malfunction, or non-conformity remains after a reasonable number of attempts to
repair by us, you may elect to obtain without charge a replacement of the product or a
refund for the product. THIS REPAIR, OR REPLACEMENT OR REFUND (AS JUST
DESCRIBED) IS THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY AVAILABLE TO YOU AGAINST US FOR
ANY DEFECT, MALFUNCTION, OR NON-CONFORMITY CONCERNING THE
PRODUCT OR FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE RESULTING FROM ANY OTHER
CAUSE WHATSOEVER. WE WILL NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES BE LIABLE
TO ANYONE FOR ANY SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR OTHER
INDIRECT DAMAGE OF ANY KIND.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
This warranty does NOT apply in the following circumstances: (1) when the product has
been serviced or repaired by anyone other than us; (2) when the product has been
connected, installed, combined, altered, adjusted, or handled in a manner other than
according to the instructions furnished with the product; (3) when any serial number has
been effaced, altered, or removed; or (4) when any defect, problem, loss, or damage has
resulted from any accident, misuse, negligence, or carelessness, or from any failure to
provide reasonable and necessary maintenance in accordance with the instructions of the
owner's manual for the product.
We reserve the right to make changes or improvements in our products from time to time
without incurring the obligation to install such improvements or changes on equipment
or items previously manufactured.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights which
may vary from state to state.
REMINDER: You must retain the sales slip or sales receipt proving the date of your
original purchase in case warranty service is ever required.
LOWRANCE ELECTRONICS
12000 E. SKELLY DRIVE, TULSA, OK 74128
(800) 324-1356
189
How to Obtain Service…
…in the USA:
We back your investment in quality products with quick, expert service
and genuine Lowrance parts. If you're in the United States and you
have technical, return or repair questions, please contact the Factory
Customer Service Department. Before any product can be returned, you
must call customer service to determine if a return is necessary. Many
times, customer service can resolve your problem over the phone
without sending your product to the factory. To call us, use the
following toll-free number:
800-324-1356
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Central Standard Time, M-F
Lowrance Electronics may find it necessary to change or end our
shipping policies, regulations, and special offers at any time. We reserve
the right to do so without notice.
…in Canada:
If you're in Canada and you have technical, return or repair questions,
please contact the Factory Customer Service Department. Before any
product can be returned, you must call customer service to determine if
a return is necessary. Many times, customer service can resolve your
problem over the phone without sending your product to the factory. To
call us, use the following toll-free number:
800-661-3983
905-629-1614 (not toll-free)
8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, M-F
…outside Canada and the USA:
If you have technical, return or repair questions, contact the dealer in
the country where you purchased your unit. To locate a dealer near
you, visit our web site, www.lowrance.com and look for the Dealer
Locator.
190
Accessory Ordering Information
for all countries
To order Lowrance accessories such as cables, transducers or MMC
cards, please contact:
1) Your local marine dealer or consumer electronics store. Most quality
dealers that handle marine electronic equipment or other consumer
electronics should be able to assist you with these items.
To locate a Lowrance dealer near you, visit our web site,
www.lowrance.com and look for the Dealer Locator. Or, you can consult
your telephone directory for listings.
2) U.S. customers: LEI Extras Inc., PO Box 129, Catoosa, OK 74015-0129
Call 1-800-324-0045 or visit our web site www.lei-extras.com.
3) Canadian customers can write:
Lowrance/Eagle Canada, 919 Matheson Blvd. E. Mississauga, Ontario
L4W2R7 or fax 905-629-3118.
Shipping Information
If it becomes necessary to send a product for repair or replacement, you
must first receive a return authorization number from Customer
Service. Products shipped without a return authorization will not be
accepted. When shipping, we recommend you do the following:
1. Always use the original shipping container and filler material the
product was packed in.
2. Always insure the parcel against damage or loss during shipment.
Lowrance does not assume responsibility for goods lost or damaged in
transit.
3. For proper testing, include a brief note with the product describing
the problem. Be sure to include your name, return shipping address
and a daytime telephone number.
Visit our web site:
Lowrance Pub. 988-0151-031
Printed in USA 122002
© Copyright 2002
All Rights Reserved
Lowrance Electronics, Inc.
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