Mark Levinson N28 Car Amplifier Operating Manual

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Mark Levinson N28 Car Amplifier Operating Manual | Manualzz

Operating Manual

Mark Levinson

®

Nº28

Preamplifier

Madrigal Audio Laboratories, Inc.

15

16

WARNING: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE OR ELECTRIC SHOCK,

DO NOT EXPOSE THIS APPLIANCE TO RAIN OR MOISTURE.

CAUTION

RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK

DO NOT OPEN

CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK,

DO NOT REMOVE COVER. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS

INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.

The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within an equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.

The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.

Important safety instructions

Please read all instructions and precautions carefully and completely before operating your Nº28

Preamplifier.

1. ALWAYS disconnect your entire system from the AC mains before connecting or disconnecting any cables, or when cleaning any component.

2. This product is equipped with a three-conductor AC mains power cord which includes an earth ground connection. To prevent shock hazard, all three connections must ALWAYS be used. If your electrical outlets will not accept this type of plug, an adapter may be purchased. If an adapter is necessary, be sure it is an approved type and is used properly, supplying an earth ground. If you are not sure of the integrity of your home electrical system, contact a licensed electrician for assistance.

3. AC extension cords are not recommended for use with this product. If an extension cord must be used, be sure it is an approved type and has sufficient current-carrying capacity to power this product.

4. NEVER use flammable or combustible chemicals for cleaning audio components.

5. NEVER operate this product with any covers removed.

6. NEVER wet the inside of this product with any liquid.

7. NEVER pour or spill liquids directly onto this unit.

8. NEVER block air flow through ventilation slots or heatsinks.

9. NEVER bypass any fuse.

10. NEVER replace any fuse with a value or type other than those specified.

11. NEVER attempt to repair this product. If a problem occurs, contact your Mark Levinson ® retailer.

12. NEVER expose this product to extremely high or low temperatures.

13. NEVER operate this product in an explosive atmosphere.

14. ALWAYS keep electrical equipment out of the reach of children.

17

From all of us at Madrigal Audio Laboratories, thank you for choosing the Mark Levinson ® Nº28

Preamplifier.

A great deal of effort went into the design and construction of this precision device. Used properly, it will give you many years of enjoyment.

18

Table of contents

Front panel ................................................................................................... 1

Rear panel ................................................................................................... 2

Unpacking and placement ....................................................................... 4

Unpacking .............................................................................................. 4

Placement ............................................................................................. 4

Ventilation .............................................................................................. 4

Voltage selection ........................................................................................ 5

PLS-228 bottom-panel label .......................................................... 5

Set-up and installation ................................................................................ 6

Connectors and cables ....................................................................... 6

Internal adjustments: line gain ............................................................. 6

Line gain settings ............................................................................ 6

Internal adjustments: phono gain ....................................................... 6

Phono gain settings (high-gain option) ....................................... 6

Phono gain settings (low-gain option) ......................................... 6

Internal adjustments: cartridge loading ............................................. 7

Cartridge loading settings (high-gain option) ............................ 7

Cartridge loading settings (low-gain option) .............................. 7

Internal adjustments: optional load terminals ................................... 7

Terminating the optional load ...................................................... 7

Internal adjustments: varying the input capacitance ...................... 8

Making the internal adjustments ......................................................... 8

Nº28, internal adjustments ............................................................. 8

Power connection and system activation ......................................... 9

AC power cord polarity ................................................................. 9

Care and maintenance ........................................................................... 10

Specifications ............................................................................................ 11

Phono section ...................................................................................... 11

Line section .......................................................................................... 11

Dimensions ................................................................................................. 12

Dimensions, Nº28, top view .......................................................... 12

Dimensions, Nº28, side view ......................................................... 12

Dimensions, PLS-228, top view ..................................................... 13

Dimensions, PLS-228, side view .................................................... 13

19

PHONO/

AUX 1

AUX 2

CD

TUNER

TAPE 1

AUX 3 TAPE 2

INPUT SELECTOR

1

TAPE 1

TAPE 2

MONITOR SELECTOR

MADRIGAL AUDIO LABORATORIES

Nº 28

PREAMPLIFIER

DEFEAT

INPUT

MONITOR

RECORD SELECTOR

5

4 6

2

3

1

OFF

10

OUTPUT LEVEL

9

7

8

2 3 4

Front panel

1 INPUT SELECTOR

Selects one of the seven inputs: CD, TUNER, PHONO/AUX 1, AUX 2,

AUX 3, TAPE 1, or TAPE 2.

2

RECORD SELECTOR

Selects between the program source (selected via the INPUT

SELECTOR), and either of two tape monitor inputs (selected via the

MONITOR SELECTOR).

In the DEFEAT position, the tape outputs are disconnected.

In the INPUT position, the tape outputs are connected while still monitoring the selected source.

In the MONITOR position, the selected tape machine can be monitored without affecting the signal at the tape outputs.

Note: Because of the switching arrangement employed in the Nº28, we recommend that while making a critical recording you don't operate the RECORD SELECTOR switch.

If you wish to monitor the signal from tape, set the RECORD

SELECTOR to MONITOR and use your tape machine's monitor switch to switch between input and tape.

3 MONITOR SELECTOR

When the RECORD SELECTOR is in the MONITOR position, this selects between the TAPE 1 and TAPE 2 inputs.

4 OUTPUT LEVEL

Adjusts volume at the main outputs.

The OUTPUT LEVEL control doesn't affect the tape outputs.

1

2

BALANCED MAIN

RIGHT LEFT

OUTPUTS

POWER

SUPPLY

INPUT

RIGHT

PUSH

CD

LEFT

PUSH

INPUTS

RIGHT

PUSH

AUX 2

LEFT

PUSH

LEFT

GND

RIGHT

8

7

PRECAUTION

6 5

4

3

2

1

Rear panel

Disconnect all associated equipment from the AC mains BEFORE making any signal connections and applying power to the Nº28.

Note: All left-channel RCA-type inputs and outputs are at the top of the rear panel, and all right-channel RCA-type inputs and outputs are at the bottom of the rear panel.

1 PHONO/AUX 1

If your Nº28 is equipped with the phono option, connect your turntable's right-channel and left-channel signal leads to these inputs. Connect the tonearm ground lead to the GND binding post next to the inputs.

If your Nº28 isn't equipped with a phono option, these inputs will accept signal leads from any line-level source equipment.

2 TUNER

Accepts right-channel and left-channel signal leads from a tuner or other line-level source equipment.

3 AUX 3

Accepts right-channel and left-channel signal leads from line-level source equipment.

4 TAPE 1, TAPE 2 (INPUTS)

Accept right-channel and left-channel signal leads from the tapeoutput connectors of a tape machine. These inputs can also be used with other line-level source equipment.

5 AUX 2, CD

Accept right-channel and left-channel balanced signal leads from a CD player or other source equipment with balanced output.

The pin assignments of these XLR-type female input connectors are:

PUSH

2 1

3

Pin 1: Signal ground

Pin 2: Signal + (non-inverting)

Pin 3: Signal (inverting)

Connector ground lug: chassis ground

Refer to the operating manual of your balanced-output line-level source to verify that the pin assignments of its output connector correspond to the Nº28. If not, wire the cable so that the appropriate output pin connects to the equivalent input pin.

Note: If you won't be using the Nº28's balanced inputs and need more single-ended inputs, it's possible to fabricate a cable to connect line-level sources with single-ended output to these balanced inputs:

Male RCA

(connect to source)

1

3

2

Male XLR

(connect to

Nº28)

22-guage buss wire

6 TAPE 1, TAPE 2 (OUTPUTS)

Connect these outputs to the right-channel and left-channel tape inputs of your tape machine.

These outputs are unaffected by the OUTPUT LEVEL control on the front panel of the Nº28.

7 MAIN

Connect these outputs to the right-channel and left-channel inputs of your power amplifier or electronic crossover.

These outputs are affected by the OUTPUT LEVEL control on the front panel of the Nº28.

8 BALANCED MAIN

If your power amplifier is equipped with balanced input connectors, it's best to connect it to the Nº28 via these connectors, particularly if long cable lengths are required.

Connect the right-channel and left-channel BALANCED MAIN outputs of the Nº28 to the appropriate balanced inputs of the power amplifier.

The pin assignments of these XLR-type male outputs are:

1 2

3

Pin 1: Signal ground

Pin 2: Signal + (non-inverting)

Pin 3: Signal (inverting)

Connector ground lug: chassis ground

Refer to your power amplifier's operating manual to verify that the pin assignments of its input connector correspond to the Nº28. If not, wire the cable so that the appropriate output pin connects to the equivalent input pin.

3

4

Unpacking and placement

Unpacking

Unpack your Nº28 Preamplifier and keep all packing materials for future transport. Locate and remove all accessory items from the cartons.

Placement

Carefully inspect the product for damage and flaws. If you find any, see your Mark Levinson dealer immediately.

Place the Nº28 as close as possible to the source equipment, thus keeping interconnect cabling as short as possible. It may be placed on a shelf or in a cabinet where it's convenient to operate.

A two-meter DC cable is provided to connect the PLS-228 to the Nº28.

This allows you to place the PLS-228 so that it won't induce hum in the

Nº28 and other sensitive components. Other associated equipment should also be placed so that it doesn't induce hum in the Nº28 and other sensitive components.

Ventilation

Be sure to allow 3 to 4 inches of clearance above both the Nº28 and the PLS-228, to allow heat dissipation through air circulation.

PRECAUTION

Mechanical drawings are included in this manual to facilitate special installations and custom cabinet work (see "Dimensions").

For your protection, review "Important safety instructions" before you install your Nº28.

PLS-228 bottom-panel label

Voltage selection

The PLS-228 is factory-set (internally) for 100V, 120V, 200V, 220V, or

240V AC mains operation @ 50 or 60Hz. Make sure that the label on the bottom of the PLS-228 indicates the correct AC operating voltage for your location.

PLS-228 POWER SUPPLY

Voltage indication

AC INPUT

WARNING:

BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO

OPERATE THIS DEVICE, REFER TO

OWNER'S MANUAL FOR PROPER

OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY

PRECAUTIONS. HAZARDOUS VOLTAGE

AVAILABLE INSIDE; DISCONNECT AC~

MAINS CABLE BEFORE REMOVING COVER.

OPERATING VOLTAGE:

90 – 110VAC~

105 – 125VAC~

180 – 220VAC~

210 – 240VAC~

230 – 250VAC~

~50 – 60HZ

MAINS

FUSES:

100 – 120VAC~

2A SLO–BLO 250VAC 3AB

200 – 240VAC~

1A SLO–BLO 250VAC 3AB

SERIAL NO.

DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED IN U.S.A. BY

MADRIGAL AUDIO LABORATORIES INC.

If the voltage indicated is incorrect, see your Mark Levinson dealer.

If you wish to change the AC operating voltage of the Nº28/PLS-228, see your Mark Levinson dealer.

The Nº28/PLS-228 can be powered by a normal 15-ampere AC mains line. If other devices are also powered from the same AC line, their additional power consumption must be taken into account.

5

6

Set-up and installation

Connectors and cables

The Nº28 incorporates RCA-type and XLR-type connectors for audio signal input and output.

The Madrigal-designed RCA-type connectors used for single-ended audio interconnection are a great improvement over ordinary RCAtype connectors. The gold-plated XLR-type connectors employed are of European design, and are made to professional application standards.

When connecting the Nº28 to source equipment and power amplifiers, we recommend Madrigal Audio Laboratories HPC

Interconnect Cable. HPC is available in various lengths, terminated with RCA, XLR, and Camac connectors. See your Mark Levinson dealer for more information.

Internal adjustments: line gain

The Nº28 offers internal gain adjustment of the line amplifiers, in 6dB steps via two single-pole miniature rocker switches. These switches have been factory-adjusted at 6dB/single-ended and 12dB/ balanced operation. In practice, you should have enough gain so that normal listening is possible with the OUTPUT LEVEL set at approximately 6.

If you wish to increase the line gain, see "Making the internal adjustments;" refer to the table below for the proper switch positions for each gain setting.

Line gain settings

#1

Off

Off

On

On

Switch

#2

Off

On

Off

On

Single-Ended Output

18dB

12dB

6dB

0dB

Gain

Balanced Output

24dB

18dB

12dB

6dB

Internal adjustments: phono gain

The Nº28 is available with either a high-gain or low-gain phono option.

Each option offers two internally adjustable gain settings via two single-pole miniature rocker switches, one for each channel. The highgain and low-gain phono options have been factory-adjusted at the lowest gain settings (58dB and 38dB, respectively).

If you wish to increase the gain, see "Making the internal adjustments;" refer to the tables below for the proper switch positions for each gain settings.

Phono gain settings

(high-gain option)

#1

On

Off

Switch

#2

Off

On

Gain

58dB

64dB

Nominal Cartridge Output (3.54 cm/sec)

.2mV - .6mV

.2mV and Lower

Phono gain settings

(low-gain option)

#1

On

Off

Switch

#2

Off

On

Gain

38dB

44dB

Nominal Cartridge Output (3.54 cm/sec)

Greater than 2.0mV

2.0mV and Lower

Internal adjustments: cartridge loading

The high-gain and low-gain phono options offer internally selectable cartridge loading via four single-pole miniature rocker switches, one for each channel. The high-gain and low-gain options have been factory-adjusted at 825

and 47K

, respectively.

If you wish to change the factory-adjusted cartridge loading, see

"Making the internal adjustments;" refer to the table below for the proper switch positions for each load setting.

Cartridge loading settings

(high-gain option)

Switch

#1

#2

#3

#4

30

On

Off

Off

Off

100

Off

On

Off

Off

825

Off

Off

On

Off

10K

Off

Off

Off

Off

Optional

Off

Off

Off

On

Cartridge loading settings

(low-gain option)

Switch

#1

#2

#3

#4

825

On

Off

Off

Off

10K

Off

On

Off

Off

22K

Off

Off

On

Off

47K

Off

Off

Off

Off

Optional

Off

Off

Off

On

Internal adjustments: optional load terminals

Resistance values other than those listed above can be accommodated via the optional load terminals. Load resistors can be inserted into these terminals, allowing virtually any load desired.

Optional load component

Terminating the optional load

Solder

Solder

PC board

See "Making the internal adjustments;" refer to the "Cartridge loading settings" tables for the proper switch positions for the optional load.

Because the inherent input resistance (all switches off) is in parallel with the optional load terminals, use this formula to calculate the actual resistor needed:

R = 1/ (1/RD - X)

RD = Desired Resistance in ohms

X = 0.00002 for Low-gain Phono Option,

0.0001 for High-gain Phono Option

Note: We recommend precision metal-film resistors; see your

Mark Levinson dealer.

7

8

Internal adjustments: varying the input capacitance

If you wish to vary the input capacitance of the phono option to obtain the optimal value for a particular cartridge, a capacitor may also be inserted into the optional load terminals (see "Terminating the optional load" and "Making the internal adjustments").

Because the inherent input capacitance (all switches off) is in parallel with the optional load terminals, use the following formula to calculate the actual capacitor needed.

Making the internal adjustments

C = C

R

- C

T

- C

P

C = The capacitor value

C

C

R

C

T

= Recommended capacitance value

= Tonearm capacitance including leads

= Preamplifier inherent shunt capacitance

P

(Low-gain phono option = 100pf; high-gain phono option = 1000pf)

Note: We recommend high-quality polypropylene, polystyrene or Teflon capacitors; see your Mark Levinson dealer.

1.

Make sure all associated equipment is disconnected from the AC mains, and that the PLS-228 is disconnected from the AC mains.

2.

Using a 5/64" Allen key, remove the eight 6-32 flat-head socketcap screws securing the Nº28's top cover. Carefully lift the top cover and remove it.

Nº28, internal adjustments

1 2 3 4

OFF

Cartridge loading

(right channel)

Phono gain

(right channel)

Optional load pins

O

N

1

O

F

F

2

Optional load pins

Cartridge loading

(left channel)

Phono gain

(left channel)

Line gain

3.

Adjust the gain switches (using a ballpoint pen or similar instrument) and install optional loads as desired.

4.

Reassemble the Nº28.

Power connection and system activation

Be sure all associated equipment is disconnected from the AC mains.

After making all signal connections and internal adjustments, connect the ten-pin DC cable from the rear panel of the PLS-228 to the connector on the rear panel of the Nº28.

Connect the AC cord to the male IEC connector on the rear panel of the PLS-228, then connect the AC cord to the AC mains.

To PLS-228 To AC mains

AC power cord polarity

1 2

3

1 2

3

1 = Line (hot)

2 = Neutral

3 = Earth ground

The LED on the PLS-228 will light; after about five seconds, the LED on the Nº28 will flash. After the LED begins flashing, turn the OUTPUT LEVEL knob on the front panel of the Nº28 to its lowest (OFF) position (the LED will stop flashing).

Allow the Nº28's circuitry to stabilize for 1 to 2 minutes, then connect all associated equipment to the AC mains and activate it.

For optimal sonic performance and longevity, the Nº28/PLS-228 is designed to remain powered at all times (a power-on/power-off switch isn't provided).

Note: If AC mains power to the Nº28 is interrupted, the main output will be muted. When power is restored, the main output will remain muted and the LED will flash until the OUTPUT LEVEL knob is turned to its lowest (OFF) position (the LED will stop flashing). Allow the preamplifier circuitry to stabilize for 1 to 2 minutes; the OUTPUT LEVEL control will then function normally.

9

10

Care and maintenance

To remove dust from the cabinet of the Nº28, use a feather duster. To remove dirt and fingerprints, we recommend isopropyl alcohol and a soft cloth.

Specifications

The correlation between published specifications and sonic quality is unreliable. A list of numbers reveals virtually nothing. All technical measurements must be subject to qualitative as well as quantitative interpretation.

Measurements of the Nº28 yield excellent results by any standards.

However, only those specifications that apply to its actual operation are included here.

Power consumption:

Mains voltage:

50W maximum, depending on options

100V, 120V, 200V, 220V, or 240VAC @ 50/60Hz

Overall dimensions:

Shipping weight (2 boxes):

Connector complement:

See "Dimensions"

29 lbs. (13.2kg)

16 female RCA-type connectors

4 XLR-type female connectors

2 XLR-type male connectors

1 binding post (for turntable ground)

1 ten-pin connector

1 IEC mains connector

Phono section

Gain:

Selectable (see "Set-up and installation")

Moving-magnet phono option:

38dB, 44dB

Moving-coil phono option:

58dB, 64dB

Input impedance:

Output impedance:

Selectable (see "Set-up and installation")

10

Maximum output (TAPE output):

Recommended load (TAPE outputs):

6V

10K

or greater

Line section

Gain:

Single-ended:

Balanced:

Input impedance:

Selectable (see "Set-up and installation")

Maximum output (MAIN outputs):

Recommended load (TAPE outputs):

15K

6dB, 12dB, 18dB

12dB, 18dB, 24dB

shunted by 220pf

600

6V

or greater

For more information, see your Mark Levinson dealer, or contact:

Madrigal Audio Laboratories, Inc.

2081 South Main Street (Route 17), P.O. Box 781

Middletown, Connecticut 06457 USA

Telephone (203) 346-0896

(FAX (203) 346-1540

If purchased in North America, this Mark Levinson product’s warranty is owner-transferable.

Warranty conditions are valid only in the country where the product was originally purchased.

For warranty information and conditions on products purchased outside of North America, contact your local dealer or regional distributor.

11

Dimensions

Dimensions, Nº28, top view

1"

(25.4)

3/4" dia.

(19.1)

17-17/64"

(438.6)

15-17/64"

(387.8)

1/8"

(3.2)

3/8"

(9.5)

17-1/2"

(444.5)

Dimensions, Nº28, side view

2-9/16"

(65.1)

1-1/2"

(38.1)

7-1/2"

(190.5)

10-7/8"

(276.3)

7/16"

(11.1)

7/64"

(2.5)

2-3/4"

(69.9)

12

Dimensions, PLS-228, top view

1-15/64"

(31.4)

8-3/16"

(208.0)

5-3/4"

(146.1)

1-55/64"

(47.2)

3/4" dia.

(19.1)

9-1/16"

(230.2)

13-1/8"

(333.4)

Dimensions, PLS-228, side view

2-39/64"

(66.3)

7/16"

(11.1)

5/64"

(2.0)

3/16"

(4.8)

3/8"

(9.5)

8-35/64"

(217.1)

2-3/4"

(69.9)

13

MADRIGAL AUDIO LABORATORIES

2081 South Main Street, P.O. Box 781

Middletown, Connecticut 06457 USA

Telephone: (203) 346-0896

Fax: (203) 346-1540

® is a registered trademark of Madrigal Audio Laboratories, Inc.

©1993 Madrigal Audio Laboratories, Inc. All rights reserved.

Printed in U.S.A.

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