Paradyne 6212 Network Router User Manual

Paradyne 6212 Network Router User Manual
Hotwire® 6212 ADSL Router
User’s Guide
Document Number 6212-A2-GB20-20
July 2004
Copyright © 2004 Paradyne Corporation.
All rights reserved.
Printed in U.S.A.
Notice
This publication is protected by federal copyright law. No part of this publication may be copied or distributed,
transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any human or computer language in any form
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, manual or otherwise, or disclosed to third parties without the
express written permission of Paradyne Corporation, 8545 126th Ave. N., Largo, FL 33773.
Paradyne Corporation makes no representation or warranties with respect to the contents hereof and specifically
disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Further, Paradyne Corporation
reserves the right to revise this publication and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation of Paradyne Corporation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Changes and enhancements to the product and to the information herein will be documented and issued as a new
release to this manual.
Warranty, Sales, Service, and Training Information
Contact your local sales representative, service representative, or distributor directly for any help needed. For
additional information concerning warranty, sales, service, repair, installation, documentation, training, distributor
locations, or Paradyne worldwide office locations, use one of the following methods:
•
Internet: Visit the Paradyne World Wide Web site at www.paradyne.com. (Be sure to register your warranty at
www.paradyne.com/warranty.)
•
Telephone: Call our automated system to receive current information by fax or to speak with a company
representative.
Within the U.S.A., call 1-800-870-2221
Outside the U.S.A., call 1-727-530-2340
Document Feedback
We welcome your comments and suggestions about this document. Please mail them to Technical Publications,
Paradyne Corporation, 8545 126th Ave. N., Largo, FL 33773, or send e-mail to [email protected] Include the
number and title of this document in your correspondence. Please include your name and phone number if you are
willing to provide additional clarification.
Trademarks
Acculink, Comsphere, ETC, Etherloop, FrameSaver, GranDSLAM, Hotwire, the Hotwire logo, Jetstream, MVL,
NextEDGE, OpenLane, Paradyne, the Paradyne logo, Paradyne Credit Corp., the Paradyne Credit Corp. logo,
Performance Wizard, StormPort, TruPut are all registered trademarks of Paradyne Corporation. ADSL/R, BitStorm,
Connect to Success, GrandVIEW, Hotwire Connected, iMarc, JetFusion, JetVision, MicroBurst, PacketSurfer,
ReachDSL, Spectrum Manager, StormTracker and TriplePlay are trademarks of Paradyne Corporation. All other
products and services mentioned herein are the trademarks, service marks, registered trademarks, or registered
service marks of their respective owners.
CE Marking
When the product is marked with the CE mark on the equipment label, a supporting Declaration of Conformity may be
downloaded from the Paradyne World Wide Web site at www.paradyne.com. Select Library → Technical Manuals →
CE Declarations of Conformity.
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Important Safety Instructions
1. Read and follow all warning notices and instructions marked on the product or included in the manual.
2. Slots and openings in the cabinet are provided for ventilation. To ensure reliable operation of the product
and to protect it from overheating, these slots and openings must not be blocked or covered.
3. Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord and do not locate the product where persons will walk
on the power cord.
4. Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or removing covers may expose you to
dangerous high voltage points or other risks. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
5. General purpose cables are used with this product for connection to the network. Special cables, which
may be required by the regulatory inspection authority for the installation site, are the responsibility of
the customer. Use a UL Listed, CSA certified, minimum No. 24 AWG line cord for connection to the
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) network.
6. When installed in the final configuration, the product must comply with the applicable Safety Standards
and regulatory requirements of the country in which it is installed. If necessary, consult with the
appropriate regulatory agencies and inspection authorities to ensure compliance.
7. A rare phenomenon can create a voltage potential between the earth grounds of two or more buildings.
If products installed in separate buildings are interconnected, the voltage potential may cause a
hazardous condition. Consult a qualified electrical consultant to determine whether or not this
phenomenon exists and, if necessary, implement corrective action prior to interconnecting the products.
8. Input power to this product must be provided by one of the following: (1) a UL Listed/CSA certified
power source with a Class 2 or Limited Power Source (LPS) output for use in North America, or (2) a
certified transformer, with a Safety Extra Low Voltage (SELV) output having a maximum of 240 VA
available, for use in the country of installation.
9. In addition, since the equipment is to be used with telecommunications circuits, take the following
precautions:
— Never install telephone wiring during a lightning storm.
— Never install telephone jacks in wet locations unless the jack is specifically designed for wet locations.
— Never touch uninsulated telephone wires or terminals unless the telephone line has been
disconnected at the network interface.
— Use caution when installing or modifying telephone lines.
— Avoid using a telephone (other than a cordless type) during an electrical storm. There may be a
remote risk of electric shock from lightning.
— Do not use the telephone to report a gas leak in the vicinity of the leak.
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CE Marking
When the product is marked with the CE mark on the equipment label, a supporting Declaration of
Conformity may be downloaded from the Paradyne World Wide Web site at www.paradyne.com. Select
Support -> Technical Manuals -> Declarations of Conformity.
FCC Part 15 Declaration
An FCC Declaration of Conformity may be downloaded from the Paradyne World Wide Web site at
www.paradyne.com. Select Support -> Technical Manuals -> Declarations of Conformity.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
The authority to operate this equipment is conditioned by the requirement that no modifications will be
made to the equipment unless the changes or modifications are expressly approved by the responsible
party.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference
to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can
be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
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Notice to Users of the United States Telephone Network
The following notice applies to versions of the modem that have been FCC Part 68 approved.
This equipment complies with Part 68 of the FCC rules and the requirements adopted by the
Administrative Council for Terminal Attachment (ACTA). On the bottom side of this equipment is a label
that contains, among other information, a product identifier in the format US:AAAEQ##TXXXX. If
requested, this number must be provided to the Telephone Company.
This equipment is intended to connect to the Public Switched Telephone Network through a Universal
Service Order Code (USOC) type RJ11C jack. A plug and jack used to connect this equipment to the
premises wiring and telephone network must comply with the applicable FCC Part 68 rules and
requirements adopted by the ACTA. A compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with this
product. It has been designed to be connected to a compatible modular jack that is also compliant.
The Ringer Equivalence Number (or REN) is used to determine the number of devices that may be
connected to a telephone line. Excessive RENs on a telephone line may result in the devices not ringing in
response to an incoming call. In most but not all areas, the sum of RENs should not exceed five (5.0). To
be certain of the number of devices that may be connected to a line, as determined by the total RENs,
contact the local Telephone Company. The REN for this product is part of the product identifier that has the
format US:AAAEQ##TXXXX. The digits represented by ## are the REN without a decimal point. For
example, 03 represents a REN of 0.3.
If the modem causes harm to the telephone network, the Telephone Company will notify you in advance
that temporary discontinuance of service may be required. But if advance notice is not practical, the
Telephone Company will notify the customer as soon as possible. Also, you will be advised of your right to
file a complaint with the FCC if you believe it is necessary.
The Telephone Company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations or procedures that
could affect the operation of the equipment. If this happens, the Telephone Company will provide advance
notice in order for you to make necessary modifications to maintain uninterrupted service. If trouble is
experienced with the modem, refer to the repair and warranty information in this document.
If the equipment is causing harm to the telephone network, the Telephone Company may request that you
disconnect the equipment until the problem is resolved.
The user may make no repairs to the equipment.
Connection to party line service is subject to state tariffs. Contact the state public utility commission, public
service commission or corporation commission for information.
If the site has specially wired alarm equipment connected to the telephone line, ensure the installation of
the modem does not disable the alarm equipment. If you have questions about what will disable alarm
equipment, consult your Telephone Company or a qualified installer.
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Notice to Users of the Canadian Telephone Network
NOTICE: This equipment meets the applicable Industry Canada Terminal Equipment Technical
Specifications. This is confirmed by the registration number. The abbreviation IC before the registration
number signifies that registration was performed based on a Declaration of Conformity indicating that
Industry Canada technical specifications were met. It does not imply that Industry Canada approved the
equipment.
NOTICE: The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) for this terminal equipment is labeled on the equipment.
The REN assigned to each terminal equipment provides an indication of the maximum number of
terminals allowed to be connected to a telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of
any combination of devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence
Numbers of all the devices does not exceed five.
If your equipment is in need of repair, contact your local sales representative, service representative, or
distributor directly.
CANADA – EMI NOTICE:
This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian interference-causing equipment
regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respecte toutes les exigences du règlement sur le matérial
brouilleur du Canada.
Japan Notices
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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction .................................................... 10
1.1
Product Overview .............................................................. 10
1.2
Features .......................................................................... 11
1.3
Application ....................................................................... 12
1.4
Front Panel LED Indicators.................................................. 13
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation ...................................... 14
2.1
Installation ....................................................................... 14
2.2
Installing the USB Driver .................................................... 15
2.2.1
Auto Installation................................................................ 16
2.2.2
Manual Installation ............................................................ 18
2.3
Uninstalling the USB Driver................................................. 25
2.3.1
Auto-Uninstallation ............................................................ 25
2.3.2
Manual Removal of the Driver ............................................. 27
Chapter 3 Login Via the Web Browser .............................. 28
3.1
IP Address ....................................................................... 28
3.2
Login Procedure ................................................................ 29
Chapter 4 Basic Configuration.......................................... 30
4.1
Software Version Information.............................................. 30
4.2
Change the Password......................................................... 31
4.3
ADSL Link Status .............................................................. 32
4.4
WAN Setup....................................................................... 33
4.4.1
RFC 1483 Bridged ............................................................. 34
4.4.2
RFC 1483 Routed .............................................................. 34
4.4.3
PPPoE .............................................................................. 35
4.4.4
PPPoA.............................................................................. 36
4.4.5
MER ................................................................................ 36
4.5
LAN IP Address ................................................................. 36
4.6
Routing............................................................................ 37
4.6.1
Enable RIP ....................................................................... 37
4.6.2
Static route configuration ................................................... 38
4.7
Save ............................................................................... 40
4.8
Reboot............................................................................. 40
4.9
Retrieve default settings..................................................... 41
Chapter 5 Advanced Configuration ................................... 42
5.1
ADSL Mode....................................................................... 42
5.2
VLAN ............................................................................... 43
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5.3
DHCP .............................................................................. 43
5.3.1
Enable DHCP .................................................................... 44
5.3.2
Disable the DHCP .............................................................. 46
5.4
DHCP Relay ...................................................................... 46
5.5
SNMP .............................................................................. 47
5.5.1
Modifying SNMP Parameters................................................ 47
5.5.2
Modifying Traps ................................................................ 48
5.5.3
Modifying Communities ...................................................... 49
5.6
Firewall............................................................................ 50
5.6.1
View Firewall Actions ......................................................... 51
5.6.2
IP Filtering ....................................................................... 52
5.7
NAT................................................................................. 54
5.7.1
Static NAT Mapping ........................................................... 54
5.7.2
Port Range Mapping........................................................... 55
5.8
Configure ......................................................................... 56
5.8.1
Configure Interface............................................................ 57
5.8.2
DNS & Default Gateway ..................................................... 59
5.8.3
NAT................................................................................. 60
5.9
VCC ................................................................................ 61
5.9.1
List IPoA .......................................................................... 61
5.9.2
Delete Encapsulation ......................................................... 62
5.9.3
Add a VCC........................................................................ 62
5.9.4
Delete a VCC .................................................................... 65
5.9.5
Show VCC quality .............................................................. 65
5.9.6
PPPoE .............................................................................. 65
5.9.7
PPPoA.............................................................................. 66
5.10
IGMP ............................................................................... 67
5.10.1
Add an IGMP entry ............................................................ 67
5.10.2
Delete an IGMP entry......................................................... 68
5.11
Bridging ........................................................................... 68
5.11.1
Bridge ............................................................................. 68
5.11.2
Spanning tree ................................................................... 70
5.11.3
View STP parameters ......................................................... 71
5.11.4
To configure STP parameters .............................................. 72
5.11.5
Enable/Disable STP............................................................ 72
Chapter 6 Performance monitoring .................................. 73
8
6.1
ADSL Link Status .............................................................. 73
6.2
System Statistics .............................................................. 74
6.2.1
Interface Statistics ............................................................ 74
6.2.2
TCP-IP ............................................................................. 76
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6.2.3
DHCP-Lease ..................................................................... 77
6.3
ATM statistics ................................................................... 77
6.3.1
AAL5 ............................................................................... 77
6.3.2
Encapsulation ................................................................... 78
Chapter 7 Diagnostics ...................................................... 79
7.1
OAM Loopback .................................................................. 79
7.2
Ping ................................................................................ 80
Chapter 8 Firmware Upgrade ........................................... 82
8.1
TFTP Upgrade Via Web ....................................................... 82
8.2
Upgrade Via FTP................................................................ 83
Chapter 9 Accessing the Logging Record ......................... 85
9.1
Log Record from Telnet ...................................................... 85
Appendix A: Specifications ............................................... 89
Appendix B: Pin Assignments ........................................... 91
Appendix C: Troubleshooting............................................ 92
Glossary
.................................................................... 93
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Chapter 1
Introduction
This chapter introduces the Hotwire® 6212 ADSL Router. It includes a product overview, a
description of the product’s features and applications, and an explanation of the functions of
the Front panel LED indictors.
1.1
Product Overview
The Hotwire 6212 ADSL Router is an ADSL router integrated with a USB and an Ethernet
Interface. The USB and four Ethernet ports can be used simultaneously, allowing a total of five
PCs to be connected to the Hotwire 6212 and access the ADSL line. In addition, the Hotwire
6212 can be configured to operate in bridge mode or router mode.
The auto configuration/auto upgrade function allows multiple ADSL routers to be upgraded
over the LAN in one operation.
The Hotwire 6212 protects all of your networked computers with advanced security
technologies such as virtual private networks (VPNs) with PPTP passthrough, L2TP
passthrough, and IPSec passthrough.
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1.2
Features
The ADSL Router is a compact and high performance standalone unit that provides:
Four Ethernet ports and one USB port for LAN connection
One console port for local management
Stateful packet inspection and filtering
Denial of Service protection
IGMP Proxy
G.dmt, G.lite, and T1.413
Remote configuration and upgrade
Auto-negotiation rate adaptation
AAL5 for ATM over ADSL
UBR, CBR, VBR-real-time, VBR-non-realtime ATM services
VC-based and LLC multiplexing
Up to 8 VCs
Embedded SNMP agent
Configuration backup and restoration
OAM F4/F5
Static route/RIP/RIP v2 routing functions
NAT/PAT
On-demand PPPoE
PVC can support multiple PPPoE sessions
DHCP Server/Relay
DNS Proxy
FTP Server
TFTP Client
IEEE 802.1d compliant
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1.3
Application
The figure below shows a possible application of the router.
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1.4
Front Panel LED Indicators
LED Indicator
Color
Mode
Function
Power
Green
On
Power is supplied
Off
Power is not supplied
On
An Ethernet link is established
Off
An Ethernet link is not established
Flash
Activity over the Ethernet link
On
A USB link is connected
Off
A USB link is not connected
Flash
The ADSL Link is training
On
The ADSL Link is established
Off
The ADSL link is not connected
Flash
Packets transmitted or received on the ADSL link
Off
No packets on the ADSL link
LAN 1x – 4x
USB
ADSL Link
ADSL TX/RX
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Green
Green
Green
Green
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Chapter 2
2.1
Hardware Installation
Installation
The Hardware installation procedure is explained below.
Caution: Always disconnect all telephone lines from the telephone wall outlet before
servicing or disassembling this device.
1. Verify that the On/Off switch on the rear panel is in the Off position.
2. Connect the power adapter to the Power jack of the device, and then plug
the power adapter into the wall outlet.
3. Connect the USB port to a PC with a standard USB cable.
4. Connect the LAN ports to PCs or a hub using RJ45 cables. The LAN ports
automatically sense whether the connection requires a crossover, so either
straight-through or crossover cables may be used.
5. Connect the LINE port to your telephone jack with an RJ11 connector cable.
6. Turn the On/Off switch on the rear panel to the On position.
Note If the device fails to power on, or it malfunctions, first verify that the power supply
is correctly connected, and then power it on again.
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2.2
Installing the USB Driver
Before you connect your router’s USB cable to your PC, you must load the ADSL USB drivers
and configure the device via the LAN port using Web management. There are two ways to
install the USB driver:
•
Auto-installation: Install the driver by inserting the CD in the CD drive of your PC and
letting the installation automatically start.
•
Manual installation: Install the driver with the Windows Hardware Wizard. When using the
USB port the LAN port must be vacant.
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2.2.1 Auto Installation
STEP 1: Insert the CD-ROM disc for the ADSL USB router.
STEP 2: The CD-ROM will auto-play and you will see the following screen. Click on Next to
continue. (If the screen doesn’t appear, browse the CD-ROM and double-click on
INSTALL.EXE.)
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STEP 3: When prompted by the message shown below, connect your router to a USB port of
your PC. Then click on OK.
STEP 4: A completion message appears when the installation is complete. Click on Finish.
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2.2.2 Manual Installation
To connect the router to a PC using the USB interface, you need to use a standard USB cable
and install the USB interface software. Follow the steps below.
STEP 1: Connect the USB router to the PC by plugging the flat connector of a standard USB
cable into a USB port on your PC, and plugging the square connector into the router. The Found
New Hardware screen appears:
STEP 2: When the screen appears as below, click on the Next button.
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STEP 3: When the screen appears as below, select Search for a suitable driver and click the
Next button.
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STEP 4: Select Specify a location and click on the Next button. If you are installing the
software from a disk, insert the disk.
STEP 5: Select the location of the file using the Browse button.
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STEP 6: Enter the correct file for your operating system, select the ADIRNDIS.INF file, and
click on the Open button.
STEP 7: When the screen below appears, click on the OK button.
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STEP 8: When the screen below appears, click on the NEXT button.
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STEP 9: Click the Finish button when prompted.
Installation is complete.
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Note: At the end of the installation, a warning message of digital signatiure may appear. Click
on Yes to close the message and complete the installation.
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2.3
Uninstalling the USB Driver
2.3.1 Auto-Uninstallation
If the software was installed with the auto-play driver, uninstall it by completing the following
steps:
STEP 1: Click on the Windows Start button and go to Programs>CT-562. Click on Uninstall.
STEP 2: Click on OK when you are prompted to confirm the removal of the software.
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STEP 3: When prompted by the message shown below, disconnect the USB cable from your PC
and click on the OK button.
STEP 4: When the driver is removed, a completion message appears. Click on Finish to close
the window.
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2.3.2 Manual Removal of the Driver
If the driver was manually installed, it must be uninstalled manually. To do that, go to the
Windows Device manager, choose ADI USB Remote NDIS Network Device, and delete it.
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Chapter 3
Login Via the Web Browser
This section describes how to manage the router via a web browser from the remote end. You
can use a web browser such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, or Netscape Navigator. It is best to
set your display resolution to 1024 x 768. To change the resolution, go to the Microsoft
Windows control panel and click on the Display icon, then change the display settings. Access
to the management functions of the USB router from the LAN side is restricted. A unique
default user account is assigned with user name root and the password 12345. You can
change the default password later when logging into the device.
3.1
IP Address
To log on to the device using a web browser, your workstation and the device should both be on
the same network segment. The default IP address is 192.168.1.1. You can modify the IP
address of your PC by modifying its TCP/IP properties. Follow the steps below:
STEP 1: Enter the TCP/IP screen and change the IP address to the domain of 192.168.1.x/24.
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STEP 2: Click on OK to submit the settings. Restart the computer when requested.
STEP 3: Start your Internet browser with the default IP address 192.168.1.1.
3.2
Login Procedure
To log on to the system from the Web browser, follow the steps below:
STEP1: Start your Internet browser.
STEP 2: Type the IP address for the router in the browser’s location field. For example, if the
IP address is 192.168.1.1, type http://192.168.1.1
STEP 3: You are prompted to enter your user name and password. The default user name is
root and the default password is 12345. Note if you change the password that the
password is case-sensitive.
STEP 4: After successfully logging in, the main menu appears.
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Chapter 4
Basic Configuration
From the Basic menu bar you can change passwords, configure the WAN/LAN interfaces, set
up routing, save settings, reboot the router, and retrieve the factory default settings.
4.1
Software Version Information
Click on Version Information from the Basic menu bar. The screen shows the device name,
software version, and build time. The software version and build time on the screen are for
reference only. The information displayed on this screen may change when a new software file
is upgraded.
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4.2
Change the Password
To modify the password, click on Change Password from the menu bar. Type the old
password and type the new password twice. Click on Apply to submit the settings.
If you change the password, make sure you keep a record of it in a safe place, as you will
require it next time you log in.
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4.3
ADSL Link Status
To view the ADSL link status, click on Link Status from the menu bar. The page includes the
following information:
ADSL Line Status
Shows the current status of the ADSL line
ADSL Mode
Shows the ADSL standard that is currently configured. The
standards are: MULTI, T1.413, G.DMT, and G.LITE.
Upstream
Upstream data rate negotiated by DSL link (kbs)
Downstream
Downstream data rate negotiated by DSL link (kbs)
Attenuation
Current attenuation (dB) of both near end and far end.
SNR Margin
Current SNR margin (dB)
HEC Count
Number of ATM cells received with errors, since start of link.
Firmware
The version number of the firmware
15 min ES Counter
Number of errored seconds for the current 15-minute period
CRC Errors
Number of errors per second since training
1 day ES Counter
Number of errored seconds for the current day
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4.4
WAN Setup
Click on WAN Setup from the menu bar to configure the WAN interface for these services:
RFC 1483 Bridged, RFC 1483 Routed, PPPoE, PPPoA, and MER. The following are the common
settings to set up these services.
VPI and VCI
LLC Encapsulation: With LLC encapsulation, a link control header is added to the Ethernet
packet that identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This allows multiple protocols to be
transmitted over the ATM Virtual Circuit.
VC Multiplexing: With VC Multiplexing, no link control header is needed as the ATM Virtual
Circuit is assumed to be carrying a single protocol.
Enable NAPT: NAPT or Network Address Port Translation is explained further in section 5.7.
This feature is available for RFC 1483 Routed, PPPoE, PPPoA, and MER.
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4.4.1 RFC 1483 Bridged
When using RFC 1483-style bridging, Ethernet frames are bridged over ATM Virtual Circuits.
The Ethernet frames are encapsulated using either LLC Encapsulation or VC Multiplexing. With
LLC encapsulation, a link control header is added to the Ethernet packet that identifies the
protocol type (Ethernet). This allows multiple protocols to be transmitted over the ATM Virtual
Circuit. With VC Multiplexing, no link control header is needed as the ATM Virtual Circuit is
assumed to be carrying a single protocol. Since the Ethernet packets are bridged, the router’s
only responsibility is to pass the Ethernet packets to and from the Internet Service Provider
and the local network. The IP addresses of the local network are assigned by the ISP either
statically or dynamically.
To set up RFC 1483 Bridged mode, configure the common fields on the top of the page and click
on the Add button to add the entry.
4.4.2 RFC 1483 Routed
To set up RFC 1483 Routed mode, configure the common settings on the top of the page, then
click on RFC 1483 Routed and configure the specific settings (WAN IP address and WAN subnet
mask). Click on the Add button to add the entry.
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4.4.3 PPPoE
PPPoE provides session authentication using either Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) or
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP). Session accounting is possible and
conservation of bandwidth can be achieved by closing down unused sessions. By utilizing PPP,
link and network parameters are easily negotiated between the router and the Internet
Service Provider (ISP).
When using PPPoE, the system is assigned an IP address from the ISP as part of establishing
the network connection. The system can be configured as a DHCP server for the LAN, and NAT
can be used to translate private addresses to public addresses. In this way, computers in the
LAN do not have to have their own public IP addresses.
To set up PPPoE, click on PPPoE, configure the common fields on the top of the page and the
following fields. At the bottom of the screen, click on the Add button to add the entry. If the
PPPoE mode is set to auto, clicking on the MANUAL MODE Enable button will effectively
disable auto-mode, and require the user to reconnect a terminated PPPoE session by clicking
the MANUAL MODE Trigger button. Subsequently, to return to auto-mode, click on the
MANUAL MODE Disable button, which will appear in place of the MANUAL MODE Enable
button.
User name/Password: Used for remote customers to login during dialup.
Mode: Direct and Auto. If the mode is set to AUTO, the PPPoE negotiation automatically
starts when the system identifies any traffic required to be transferred on the link. When
DIRECT is selected, the PPPoE negotiation is started manually using the pppoestart
command. The default is AUTO with an idle timeout of 30 minutes.
Idle Timeout: Defines the period of idle time (in minutes) after which the PPPoE link will
be terminated. This field is necessary to configure under AUTO mode. After a period of
inactivity (equal to the timeout value), the device automatically disconnects the user from
the network.
Authentication: Defines the authentication code: PAP and CHAP.
Enable DHCP Server: Enables (if checked) or disables the DHCP server. The DHCP
server dynamically allocates network addresses and delivers configuration parameters to
hosts.
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4.4.4 PPPoA
To set up PPPoA, click on PPPoA, then configure the common fields and the following fields.
Click on the Add button to add the entry.
User name and Password: Used for remote customers to login upon dialup. PPPoA is
manually activated by entering startup commands from the page: Advanced>Configure
PPPoA. The Authentication field defines the authentication code: PAP or CHAP.
Authentication: Defines the authentication code (PAP or CHAP).
4.4.5 MER
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER) enables the ATU-R to route IP addresses on the RFC 1483
bridged link. NAPT function is supported to allow multiple private IP addresses on the LAN to
share a public IP address.
To set up MER service, configure the common fields, then enter the IP Address and Subnet
Mask under the MER section of the screen. Click on the Add button to add the entry.
4.5
LAN IP Address
The default LAN IP address is 192.168.1.1. Click on LAN Setup from the menu bar to
configure the LAN IP address. Type the IP address and subnet mask. Click on Apply to
submit the settings. When the new IP address is applied, the Web configuration will be
interrupted. Use the new IP address to login.
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4.6
Routing
Click Routing Setup from the menu bar to configure the routing functions. Routing functions
includes RIP and static routing.
4.6.1 Enable RIP
To enable RIP, complete the following steps:
STEP 1: Click Routing Setup from the menu bar.
STEP 2: Select On in the Rip Status field.
STEP 3: Select a RIP Version (Version 1 or Version 2) from the Version field.
STEP 4: Click on Apply to submit the settings.
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4.6.2 Static route configuration
The Routing Setup field allows you to add, modify, and delete a static route. Type the
Destination Network ID and subnet mask, and choose a gateway method by which the packets
will be forwarded to the destination network ID. There are two types of gateways: Next Hop IP
and Next Interface. Click on Add to create the entry. Up to 20 static route entries can be added.
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Add:
To add a static route, complete the following steps:
STEP 1: Click on Routing Setup from the menu bar.
STEP 2: Enter parameters for Destination Network ID, Subnet Mask, Next Hop IP.
STEP 3: Click on the ADD button.
Modify:
To modify a static route complete the following steps:
STEP 1: Select the entry you wish to modify from the List of Static Routes.
STEP 2: Change the parameters.
STEP 3: Click on the Modify button.
Delete:
STEP 1: Select the entry you wish to delete from the List of Static Routes
STEP 2: Click on the Delete button.
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4.7
Save
To save the settings to flash memory, click Save & Reboot from the menu bar. In the main pane,
click on Save.
4.8
Reboot
To reboot the router, click Save & Reboot from the menu bar. In the main pane, click on
Reboot.
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4.9
Retrieve default settings
To retrieve the default settings, click Erase & Reboot from the menu bar. In the main pane,
click Erase and then click Reboot.
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Chapter 5
5.1
Advanced Configuration
ADSL Mode
There are four ADSL modes: MULTI, T1.413, G.DMT, and G.LITE. The default ADSL mode is
MULTI. MULTI mode enables the device to automatically adjust its mode to match the remote
central office DSLAM. Specify an ADSL mode on this page, then click on the Apply button to
submit the settings.
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5.2
VLAN
To configure the VLAN function, click on VLAN from the Advanced menu bar. VLAN is disabled
by factory default. To enable it, click on Enable, then click on the Set button. Then you can
proceed to create the VLAN groups. The router supports four VLAN groups (1–4). You can
choose and add different Ethernet ports to the PVC running in RFC 1483 bridged mode.
Parameters and buttons
Ports 0, 1, 2, and 3 respectively represent Ethernets 4, 3, 2, and 1. The PVC field displays the
options of the PVCs set up in RFC 1483 Bridged mode (refer to section 4.4, WAN Setup). Click
on the Set button to apply the settings, or click on the Clear button to delete a VLAN group.
5.3
DHCP
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides a centralized approach to allocating
IP addresses. It allows IP addresses to be dynamically assigned on an as needed basis, from a
pool of addresses. The DHCP server is enabled by factory default with the default IP address of
the eth0 to be 192.168.1.1/24.
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5.3.1 Enable DHCP
STEP 1: Click on DHCP from the menu bar. There is a default DHCP entry on the screen. The
default settings are as follows:
STEP 2: To enable the DHCP entry, choose the entry and click on the Start button. A Stop
button will appear on the screen as follows.
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To add an entry, click on the Add button, and enter the following parameters. Click Apply to
submit the settings.
Interface: eth0/usb0. This configures the interface that will provide the DHCP function.
By factory default, the entry for interface eth0 is defined with the gateway address
192.168.1.1. The entry for interface usb0 is defined with the gateway address
192.168.201.1.
Starting IP Address: The first IP address of the address pool in the DHCP server. Note
the IP address should be in the same subnet as the router’s LAN IP address.
End IP Address: The last IP address of the address pool in the DHCP server. Note the IP
address should be in the same subnet as the router’s LAN IP address.
Gateway: The gateway IP address.
Netmask: The subnet mask of the IP network.
DNS: The IP address of the Domain Name Server.
Lease Time (in Days): Upon login, the remote workstation will obtain an IP address.
This field defines the period of time that the workstation can use this IP address to access
the Internet.
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5.3.2 Disable the DHCP
STEP 1: Click on DHCP from the menu bar.
STEP 2: Choose a DHCP entry, then click on Delete.
5.4
DHCP Relay
The DHCP packet format is based on a BootP packet. As a result, DHCP uses the BootP relay
agent to forward DHCP packets. This scheme provides interoperability between existing BootP
clients and DHCP servers. The BootP relay agent uses the same criteria and methods for
forwarding both DHCP and BootP packets. The DHCP Relay is disabled by default. To enable it
complete the following steps:
STEP 1: Access the DHCP Relay screen by clicking on DHCP on the Advanced Menu, and then
clicking on the DHCP Relay tab.
STEP 2: In the DHCP Relay field, select Enable, and enter the IP Address you want to receive
BOOT REQUEST or DHCP packets from clients.
STEP 3: Click on the Apply button.
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5.5
SNMP
SNMP is a protocol for responding to information and action request messages sent by a
network management station. The messages exchanged enable you to access and manage
objects in an active or inactive (stored) Management Information Base (MIB) on a particular
router. To configure the SNMP parameters, click on the SNMP button on the Advanced menu
bar. The window displays the SNMP parameters.
5.5.1 Modifying SNMP Parameters
To modify the SNMP parameters, click on the Modify button at the bottom of the screen. After
filling in the fields, click Apply to submit the settings.
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To configure the SNMP agent, click on the Configure SNMP Agent button. After filling in the
fields, click on Apply to submit the settings.
5.5.2 Modifying Traps
Click on the Traps tab to configure the traps. After selecting the parameters, click on Submit
to apply the settings.
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5.5.3 Modifying Communities
Click on the Communities tab to display the community entries. After filling in the parameters,
click on Submit to apply the settings.
There is no community set up by factory default. To add or modify an entry, click on the
Configure Community button. To delete an entry, select the entry and click on the Delete
button. The following screen appears after the Configure Community button is clicked.
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5.6
Firewall
The Hotwire 6212 ADSL router provides packet filtering and stateful packet inspection. It has
denial of service protection against attacks such as ICMP Flood, Ping of Death, IP spoofing, Port
Scans, Land Attack, Tear Drop Attack, IP Source Route, and WinNuke Attack.
To access the firewall functions, select Firewall from the advanced menu. The screen will
appear as below, showing a list of the currently configured filter entries. From the Firewall page,
you can view Filter Parameters, or click buttons at the bottom of the page to add a filter,
delete a filter, or View Action for filtered packets. For details of the parameters, refer to
Section 5.5.2, IP Filtering.
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5.6.1 View Firewall Actions
Click View Actions to display the list of currently configured firewall actions. The parameters
are as follows:
Action ID: Item number.
Interface: The interface the filtering rule is created on.
Firewall Action: The action taken when packets are received that correspond to a filtering
rule. Allow will permit packets to pass through the router, and Deny will drop corresponding
packets. Reject will reject packet with a response, such as sending a TCP reset. Reset rejects
a packet with a reset flag.
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5.6.2 IP Filtering
On the Firewall menu, click on Add to configure the IP filtering entries. Fill out the parameters
below and click on Apply to submit the settings. The parameters are as follows:
Policy Parameters:
Precedence: This number sets the priority level of the rule. Larger numbers have higher
priorities if a conflict between rules occurs. Enter a number from 1–65534.
Src IP Address: Source IP address of the packet.
Src Net Mask: Source Netmask of the packet.
Dest IP address: Destination IP address of the packet.
Dest Net Mask: Destination Net mask of the packet.
Source Port: Source port of the packet (only for TCP/UDP protocol).
Destination Port: Destination port of the packet (only for TCP/UDP protocol).
Protocol: Select the protocol from the following: Any, TCP, UDP, ICMP, GRE, AH, ESP.
TCP Flags: Select the TCP FLAG from the following: none, urg, ack, psh, rst, syn, fin.
Firewall Parameters
Existing Action ID: If an action has already been established, check the box next to Existing
Action ID and enter its Action ID.
New Action: If a new action is required check the box next to New Action and then enter:
Interface Name: The interface the action applies to.
FW Action: Enter Allow to enable packets to pass through the router, Deny to drop
corresponding packets, Reject to reject packet with a response (such as sending a TCP reset),
or Reset to reject a packet with a reset flag.
Direction: The direction can be IN (only packets received are affected), OUT (only packets
sent are affected), or ANY (both packets sent and received are affected).
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5.7
NAT
The NAT menu in the Advanced menu bar lets you set up Static NAT Mapping and Port Range
Mapping.
5.7.1 Static NAT Mapping
Static NAT Mapping allows a pool of local IP addresses to share a public IP address. It is a form
of NAT that maps multiple Private IP addresses to a single Public IP address. It allows several
virtually addressed workstations to share a single global address. PAT uses the TCP and UDP
port numbers to map multiple virtual addresses to a single global address.
Follow the steps below to configure the Static NAT Mapping:
STEP 1: Click on the Static Nat Mapping tab on the NAT menu.
STEP 2: Click on Add to add a new entry of the static Nat mapping. Fill out the following fields
and click on Apply.
STEP 3: The new entry will be listed in previous Static NAT Mapping list.
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5.7.2 Port Range Mapping
The Port Range Mapping is used to set up the virtual server. A virtual server has two access
ports: public and private. The public port is the open port where Internet users access the
virtual server. The local port is the port on the LAN by which the virtual server is really
accessed. The public port is translated to the local port to access to the virtual server. Follow
the steps below to configure Static NAT Mapping.
STEP 1: Click on the Port Range Mapping tab on the NAT menu.
STEP 2: Click on Add to add a port range mapping entry.
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Fill out the following fields and click on Apply to submit the settings.
5.8
Public Address
This is the public address Internet users access.
Public Port From
/Public Port To
Enter the public port range. These ports will be mapped or
redirected to the local ports of the virtual on the LAN.
Internet users access the virtual server via the public port.
Local Address
Enter the IP address of the virtual server on the LAN.
Local Port
From/Local Port To
Enter the local port range of the virtual server on the LAN.
Protocol
Specify the protocol: TCP or UDP.
Configure
From the Configure page, you can configure LAN and WAN interfaces, VCC, PPPoE, PPPoA, DNS
& Default Gateway, and NAT.
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5.8.1 Configure Interface
To configure an interface, select it by clicking in the button next to it on the screen. Then click
on the Configure Interface button at the bottom of the screen. Note the following:
Interfaces:
Interface eth0 displays the LAN port status.
Interface usb0 displays the USB port status.
Interface mer0 displays the interface configured for MER.
Interface lo0 is the loopback interface. When an OAM loopback is performed, the status
field displays UP.
Interfaces Atm1 to Atm 7 display the interfaces configured for RFC 1483 Bridged mode
or RFC 1483 Routed mode.
Interfaces pppo to ppp7 display the interfaces configured for PPPoE or PPPoA.
Parameters:
Dynamic IP address from DHCP: Selects the IP address to be assigned by the DHCP
server.
Static IP address: Selects the IP address to be statically assigned.
Interface: The name of the interface currently selected.
IP address: The IP address of the selected interface.
Subnet Mask: The subnet mask of the selected interface.
MTU: Sets the maximum transmission unit of the interface. The MTU is used to limit the
size of packets that are transmitted on an interface. Not all interfaces support the MTU
parameter, and some interfaces, like Ethernet, have range restrictions (80–1500).
Speed: Auto, 10 Mbps, or 100 Mbps
Status: UP and Down. When an interface is set to Down, the system will not attempt to
transmit messages through that interface. When set to UP, messages can be transmitted
through the interface.
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The following is an example screen displayed for the LAN interface (eth0) after the user
chooses eth0 and clicks on the Configure Interface button.
The following is a screen example for the ATM interface.
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5.8.2 DNS & Default Gateway
To configure the DNS and default gateway, complete the following steps.
STEP 1: Click on Configure in the menu bar.
STEP 2: Click on DNS and default gateway at the bottom of the configuration page.
STEP 3: Complete the fields below:
Domain Name: user-defined
Primary DNS server: Enter the primary server IP address.
Secondary DNS server: Enter the secondary server IP address that will be used in the
event that the primary server IP address fails or is not available
Default Gateway: The gateway IP address of the IP network
STEP 4: Submit the settings by clicking on Apply.
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5.8.3 NAT
To enable NAT on an interface, complete the following steps.
1. Check the Enable Nat box.
2. Select the interface using the Interface Name pull down menu.
3. Click on the Apply button.
4. Click on the Continue button.
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5.9
VCC
This screen lists all current VCC entries in the middle of the screen. From this screen you can
also: List IPoA, Delete Encapsulation, Add a VCC, Delete a VCC, and Show VCC quality.
5.9.1 List IPoA
To list IP over ATM information click on the List IPoA button.
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5.9.2 Delete Encapsulation
To delete encapsulation, select a VCC entry and then click on the Delete Encap button.
5.9.3 Add a VCC
To add a VCC entry, complete the following steps.
STEP 1: Click on the Add VCC button. The VCC screen appears.
STEP 2: Enter values for the parameters (explained below).
STEP 3: Click on the Apply button at the bottom of the page.
VPI
Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) that identifies this ATM
connection. The valid range is 0 to 4095.
VCI
Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) that identifies this ATM
connection. The valid range is 0 to 65,535.
Peak Cell rate
(cells/sec)
Defines the fastest rate a user can send cells to the
network. It is expressed in cells per second.
Average Cell rate
Defines the maximum sustainable average rate a user can
send cells to the network. It is expressed in cells per
second. This specifies the bandwidth utilization. This value
must always be less than or equal to the Peak Cell Rate.
(cells/sec)
Burst size (cells)
Maximum number of cells the user can send at the peak
rate in a burst, within a sustainable rate.
CDVT (cells)
Constrains the number of cells the user can send to the
network at the maximum line rate.
Type
Select data or voice
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Service Type:
cbr (Constant Bit
Rate)
Supports real-time applications requiring a fixed amount
of bandwidth. The applications produce data at regular
intervals such as a video stream. The user can specify how
much bandwidth they wish to reserve.
rtvbr (Real Time
Variable Bit Rate)
Supports time-sensitive applications such as voice. In
these applications the rate at which cells arrive are varied.
Nrtvbr (Non-Real
Time Variable Bit
Rate)
Supports applications that have no constraints on delay
and delay variation, but still have variable-rate and bursty
traffic characteristics.
Ubr (Unspecified Bit
Best effort service that does not require tightly constrained
delay and delay variation. UBR provides no specific quality
of service or guaranteed throughput.
Rate)
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5.9.4 Delete a VCC
To delete a VCC entry, select the entry from the list of VCCs and then click on the delete
button.
5.9.5 Show VCC quality
To view information regarding the VCC quality, click on the Show VCC Quality button.
5.9.6 PPPoE
The PPPoE page is accessed by clicking on Configure in the Advanced menu bar. To start, stop,
delete, or set as default a PPPoE entry, first select the entry from the List of PPPoE entries, and
then click on the corresponding button at the bottom of the page.
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5.9.7 PPPoA
The PPPoA page is accessed by clicking on Configure in the Advanced menu bar. To start, stop,
delete, or set as default a PPPoA entry, first select the entry from the List of PPPoA entries, and
then click on the corresponding button at the bottom of the page.
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5.10
IGMP
IGMP (Internet Group Membership Protocol) is a protocol used by IP hosts to report their
multicast group memberships to any immediately neighboring multicast routers.
5.10.1 Add an IGMP entry
To add an IGMP proxy, complete the following steps.
STEP 1: Select IGMP Proxy from the menu bar.
STEP 2: Click on Add at the bottom of the screen.
STEP 3: Select Proxy interface, router interface, or both, by checking in the box next to the
interface. Then use the pull-down menu to the left to select the eth, atm, or ppp
interface.
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STEP 4: Click on Apply to activate the parameters.
5.10.2 Delete an IGMP entry
To delete an entry, select an entry from the list, then click on Delete.
5.11
Bridging
5.11.1 Bridge
The Bridge window displays the configured Bridging PVC entries of the interfaces. There are
four buttons at the bottom of the main-pane: Group Info, Add PVC, Flush, and Disable.
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GroupInfo: This configures the LAN packets that will travel through the LAN interface to
the selected WAN interfaces. If you wish to change the interfaces that are configured, you
must first click on the Flush button (to remove the current configuration); then click on
the Group Info button, select the group interfaces, and then click the Apply button. You
must select eth0, as eth1 is not enabled for this product version.
AddPVC: You can add a PVC to the ATM interface. From the Bridging screen, select an
ATM interface VPI, VCI and Encapsulation type, and then click on Apply.
Flush: Select this command from the Bridging screen to flush all PVC entries.
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Disable: Select this command from the Bridging screen to disable the PVCs but retain
the parameters so that they can be enabled later.
5.11.2 Spanning tree
To access the spanning tree menu, click on the Spanning Tree tab at the top of the Bridging
screen.
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5.11.3 View STP parameters
To view the STP parameters, click on the STP Parameters tab at the bottom of the Spanning
Tree screen.
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5.11.4 To configure STP parameters
STEP 1: Click on the Spanning Tree tab at the top of the Bridging screen.
STEP 2: Click on the Configure Port button.
STEP 3: Configure the parameters.
STEP 4: Click on the Apply button.
5.11.5 Enable/Disable STP
To enable or disable an STP entry, select the entry and then click on the Enable or Disable
Button, located at the bottom of the Spanning Tree screen. Note that if the entry is already
enabled the Disable button will be present; if the entry is disabled, then the Enable button will
be present.
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Chapter 6
6.1
Performance monitoring
ADSL Link Status
To view the ADSL link status, click on Link Status on the tool bar.
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ADSL Line Status
Shows the current status of the ADSL line.
ADSL Mode
Shows the ADSL standard that is currently configured.
Upstream
Upstream data rate negotiated by DSL link (kbs).
Downstream
Downstream data rate negotiated by DSL link (kbs).
Attenuation
Current attenuation (dB).
SNR Margin
Current SNR margin (dB).
HEC
Number of ATM cells received with errors since start of link.
Firmware
The version number of the firmware.
15 min ES counter
Number of errored seconds for the current 15-minute period.
CRC errors
Number of errors per second since training.
1 day ES counter
Number of errored seconds for the current day.
6.2
System Statistics
To view the system statistics, click on the System Statistics button located near the bottom
of the menu bar. Statistics are recorded regarding Interfaces, TCP/IP, and DHCP-Lease.
6.2.1
Interface Statistics
To display the interface statistics, click on the Interface tab at the top of the System Statistics
screen. The Interface Statistics page displays statistics for all interfaces.
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The following information is displayed:
Interface Name
The name of the interface.
Admin Status
Indicates whether the interface is Up or Down.
Octets In
The number of Octets (bytes) recieved.
Unicast PktsIn
The number of unicast packets received.
Broadcast PktsIn
The number of broadcast packets received.
Discards In
The number of packets received that were discarded
Errors In
The number of inward errors.
Octets Out
The number of Octets (bytes) transmitted.
Unicast PktsOut
The number of unicast packets transmitted.
Broadcast PktsOut
The number of broadcast packets transmitted.
Discards Out
The number of packets transmitted that were discarded.
Errors Out
The number of outward errors.
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6.2.2 TCP-IP
To view TCP/IP statistics, click on the TCP-IP tab at the top of the System Statistics page. The
TCP-IP page displays the IP statistics, UDP statistics, TCP statistics, and ICMP statistics.
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6.2.3 DHCP-Lease
To view DHCP lease statistics, click on the DHCP-Lease tab at the top of the System Statistics
page. The DHCP-Lease page shows the PCs that obtained an IP address from the DHCP pool.
6.3
ATM statistics
Click on ATM Statistics on the menu-bar to display the ATM Statistics. The ATM Statistics
page monitors information for AAL5 and Encapsulation.
6.3.1 AAL5
The AAL5 page shows the AAL5 statistics.
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6.3.2 Encapsulation
Click on the SNDCP (Sub-Network Dependency Convergency Protocol) tab to display
encapsulation statistics. This page displays the VCs that are running.
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Chapter 7
Diagnostics
To access the Diagnostics screen, click on the Diagnostics button on the menu bar. The
Diagnostics screen has two test functions: OAM Loopback and Ping test.
7.1
OAM Loopback
STEP 1: click on the Diagnostics button, on the menu bar.
STEP 2: Click on the Loopback tab on the Diagnostics screen.
STEP 3: Enter the following information to run the OAM loopback:
Flow type: F5 SEG (Segment to Segment) and F5 ETE (End-to-End). The SEG loopback
is from ATUR to DSLAM. The ETE loopback is from ATUR to the ISP RAS.
VPI and VCI: Specify the virtual channel that will run the OAM loopback.
Loopback ID: Type the loopback pattern for the loopback.
STEP 4: Click on the Start Loopback button at the bottom of the screen.
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7.2
Ping
A Ping test is used to verify the status of a network connection after the RIP or static route
function is enabled. Ping sends a request message to the host and waits for a return message.
This diagnostic function can verify if the remote host is reachable. Ping can also measure the
round-trip time to the remote host.
To access the Ping test screen, click on the Ping tab on the Diagnostics screen.
Enter the Host Name or IP address of the remote terminal and click Submit to start the test
and display the results.
The following is an example of the ping result. The information is as follows:
Packets transmitted
The number of packets that were transmitted
Packets received
The number of packets that were received
Packets lost
The number of packets lost (transmitted or received)
Minimum round trip time
The fastest round-trip time
Maximum round trip time
The slowest round-trip time
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Chapter 8
Firmware Upgrade
There are three methods for upgrading to a new firmware version. The procedures for
upgrading the firmware by Web, Auto-upgrade software, and manual upload are explained
below.
8.1
TFTP Upgrade Via Web
To access the TFTP configuration page complete the following steps:
1. Select Upgrade from the Advanced menu.
2. Enter the following parameters:
TFTP server IP address:
Enter the IP address of the TFTP server (the PC on
which a TFTP program is installed).
File Name:
Enter the name of the file to upload or download.
Direction:
Enter Upload to upload the file, or Download to
download the file.
Type:
Select Application (for new firmware) or
Configuration (for a change of configuration).
3. Click on Apply to start the download or upload.
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8.2
Upgrade Via FTP
Follow the steps below to upgrade the firmware version of the Hotwire 6212 Router:
STEP 1: Connect the Router to a PC using the LAN cable. Set the PC to the same subnet as the
router (192.168.1.1).
STEP 2: Restore the default parameters to the Hotwire 6212 by holding down the device’s
Reset button until the Power LED turns red (about 5 seconds). Alternatively, you can reboot
the Hotwire 6212 by running the device software from the CD, and selecting the ERASE
command from the Erase and Reboot menu.
STEP 3: Start a Windows command prompt and enter the menu where the new firmware is
installed:
Example: C:\Upgrade
STEP 4: Enter the command: ftp 192.168.1.1 (router’s IP address)
STEP 5: At the USER prompt type root (small case)
STEP 6: At the Password prompt type 12345
STEP 7: After you see the message User logged in, type: bin
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STEP 8: After you see the message Type set to I, type: ha
STEP 9: After you see the message Hash mark printing, type: put <filename > app (if the file
name has extention, also type the extension.
Example: put firmware app
STEP 10: After a moment, the file should begin transferring. When you see the message
Transfer complete, the upgrade process is complete.
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Chapter 9
Accessing the Logging Record
The router allows accessing the log record in ASCII text format with the following information:
•
A timestamp of each log entry
•
Information about the following: PPP Authentication, PPP Negotiation, PPPoE Events, IPCP
Configuration, TCP/IP Configuration.
The logging record can be accessed from a Telnet or FTP session. Both methods are discussed
below.
9.1
Log Record from Telnet
To access the logging record from Telnet, complete the following steps.
1. Click on the Windows Start button, then click on Run on the windows start menu.
2. Enter the command telnet followed by the IP address of your router. If the default LAN IP
address was not changed, use the IP address 192.168.1.1. (Note: the PC and router must be
on the same subnet.)
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3. When prompted, enter root for the login name, and 12345 for the password (if you are
using the default password).
4. At the prompt [[email protected]] enter the command logger
5. At the prompt [[email protected]] enter the command log -o all
6. The screen will appear as below. The actual information displayed depend on what items
have been configured on your device.
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Log Record From FTP
The following steps describe how to load the log file from FTP.
STEP 1: Connect the router to a PC using the LAN port. Set the PC to the same subnet as the
router (the default router address is 192.168.1.1).
STEP 2: Start a Windows command prompt and enter the directory where you want to load the
file.
STEP 3: At the prompt, type ftp followed by a space and the router’s IP address.
STEP 4: A welcome message appears. At the user prompt, type root (lowercase).
STEP 5: At the Password prompt, type the password; the default is 12345.
STEP 6: After you see the message User logged in, type: bin
STEP 7: After you see the message Type set to I, type: ha
STEP 8: After you see the message Hash Mark Printing On ftp, type:
get logfile <filename.txt>
Example: get logfile adsl.ext
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The message Transfer complete appears when the file is loaded.
STEP 9: Open the file from the directory where it is loaded.
A sample file is shown below. The first line shows an incoming packet, the subsequent lines
show information about the packet. To better understand information in the packet, refer to
RFC 2516 and RFC 1661.
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE: I PADO
88
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_name 41021129937906-RedBack
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service kuma
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service kuma0
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service kuma8
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service internet.com
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service netisun.com
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
ac_service iii.org.tw
00:00:52:INFOPPP:PPPoE:
MAC 00:10:67:00:47:B7
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Appendix A: Specifications
WAN interface (one ADSL port)
ADSL standard
ANSI T1.413 Issue 2, ITU-T G.992.1, ITU-T G.992.2
G.DMT
Downstream : 11 Mbps
G.lite
Downstream : 1.5 Mbps
Upstream : 1 Mbps
Upstream : 512 Kbps
ATM attributes
Multi-protocol over AAL5
BridgeRFC 2684 (RFC 1483)
Multi-protocol over AAL5 Route
RFC 2684 (RFC 1483)
PPP over AAL5
RFC 2364
PPP over Ethernet
RFC 2516
VCs
8
AAL type
AAL5
ATM service class
UBR/CBR/VBR
ATM UNI support
UNI3.1/4.0
OAM F4/F5
Yes
Management
Console port
RS232/DB9
SNMP
Yes
Telnet
Yes
Web-based management
Yes
Configuration backup and restoration
Yes
Software upgrade
Yes (via TFTP client or FTP server)
LED Indicators
Power, LAN, ADSL LINK, USB,
ADSL Tx/Rx
Local interface (4 port Ethernet Switch)
Ethernet port
Four ports
Standard IEEE 802.3 10/100 Base-T, Auto-crossing
USB port One port
Standard USB 1.1
OS Supported Win98, Win98SE, Win2K, WinMe, and WinXP
Bridge Functions
IEEE 802.1d
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Routing functions
IP static route
Yes
RIP and RIPv2
Yes
ARP
Yes
DNS, NAT/PAT
Yes
DHCP Server/DHCP Relay
Yes
Security Functions
Authentication protocols
PAP, CHAP
VPN features
PPTP pass through, L2TP pass through,
IPSec pass through
Stateful Packet Inspection
Yes
Packet filtering
Yes
Denial of service protection
Yes
Power supply
External power adapter
110 VAC or 220 VAC
Environmental conditions
Operating temperature
0–50° C (30–122° F)
Relative humidity
5–90 percent (non-condensing)
Dimensions
200 mm (W) x 44 mm (H) x 136.5 mm (D)
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Appendix B: Pin Assignments
Line port (RJ11)
Pin
Definition
Pin
Definition
1
-
4
ADSL_RING
2
-
5
-
3
ADSL_TIP
6
-
Pin Assignments of the RJ11 Port
LAN Port (RJ45)
Pin number
Definition
Pin number
Definition
1
Receive data+
5
NC
2
Receive data-
6
Transmit data-
3
Transmit data+
7
NC
4
NC
8
NC
Pin assignments of the LAN Port
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Appendix C: Troubleshooting
Event
Checking Procedure or possible cause
Unable to access the
Web management
Check the LAN connection.
Web login reject
Check your password. The default user name is root and
the default password is 12345. The user name and
password are case sensitive.
POWER LED is not lit
Check the power adapter and verify if it meets the
requirement as stated in Appendix A, Specifications.
Check your PC’s TCP/IP setup.
Power connections are loose or improperly connected
Power source is off.
USB port can’t access Check the LAN port is not connected. When both LAN port
the Internet
and USB port are connected, only the LAN port works.
Check the USB connection.
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Glossary
.
100BaseT: A 100 Mbps Ethernet standard that uses twisted-pair wiring.
10BaseT: A 10 Mbps Ethernet standard that uses twisted-pair wiring.
address: The symbol (usually numeric) identifying an interface attached to a
network.
ADSL: An asynchronous form of DSL in which the bandwidth available for
downstream connection is significantly larger than for upstream.
analog loop: A test in which a modem’s voice signal is looped to its receive
analog signal: A continuously variable signal (compare with digital).
Annex A: The Part of the G.992.1 standard that refers to ADSL over POTS (ad
by the US).
Annex B: The Part of the G.992.1 standard that refers to ADSL over
ISDN (ad
by Europe).
Annex C: The
Part of the G.992.1 standard that refers to ADSL over ISDN (ad
by Japan).
ANSI: American National Standards Institute.
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
attenuation: The loss of power of a transmitted signal as it travels over a
wire.
auto-summary: A RIP command to restore the default behavior of
automatic summarization of subnet routes into network-level routes.
backbone: The main circuit that carries data before it is split into extended
circuits going to their final destination. Often used to refer to the part of the
network that joins LANs together.
bandwidth: The range of frequencies of a transmission channel. The wider
the range the higher the data rate that can be sent. Hence, bandwidth is also
taken to mean the data rate.
Baud:
One baud is one symbol (state-transition or level-transition) per
second.
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BERT:
Bit Error Rate Test. A test that compares a received pattern with a
known transmitted pattern to determine the quality.
Bit:
A binary digit, with the value of –0 or –1.
boot:
Start a device.
Bps:
Bits per second. The speed at which bits are transmitted across a data
connection.
bridge:
A device that links local or remote area networks together,
forwarding packets based on a MAC address (compare with router).
broadband:
Communication channels operating at transmission rates in
excess of 64 Kbps.
broadcast: The simultaneous transmission to two or more communication
devices.
BT: Burst Tolerance. The limit parameter of the Generic Cell Rate Algorithm
(GCRA).
buffer: A temporary storage used to compensate for a difference in the rate
of flow of data.
bus: An assembly of conductors that carries signals to and from devices along
its path and serves as a common connection for a group of related devices.
busy:
A device’s operational state, when the device is occupied with
processing a call.
Byte: Eight bits arranged in sequence
channel:
A bi-directional communications pathway between a host server
and a client.
CHAP: Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol. A PPP protocol to
ensure authentication of the connection between two devices.
circuit: A logical connection between two devices.
CO:
Central Office, the local telephone exchange, also called PSTN.
COM port: A computer’s serial communications port.
CPE: Customer Premises Equipment. Equipment used by the end-user.
cross talk:
Undesired coupling of a signal from one circuit, or channel, to
another.
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data rate: The speed measured in bits per second that data is transferred
over the carrier line.
Default: A pre-defined original value.
demodulation: The recovery, from a modulated carrier, of a signal.
DHCP server: A server that dynamically allocates network addresses and
delivers configuration parameters to hosts.
DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A TCP/IP protocol that enables a
network connected to the Internet to automatically assign a temporary IP
address to a host when the host connects to the network.
digital signal:
A discrete or discontinuous signal where the states are
discrete intervals apart, such as +10 volts and –10 volts. These states are then
represented by the binary digits 0 and 1.
digital: loopback test:
A test that connects the device’s receiver
output back to the transmitter input. This test will disrupt the transmission of
primary data.
DLL: Dynamic Link Library. DLLs are files that are automatically loaded into
memory when required.
DMT: Discrete MultiTone. The T1.413 standard modulation scheme for Digital
Subscriber Line technology.
DNS:
Domain Name Server. A server that retains the addresses and routing
information for TCP/IP PAT users.
download:
To receive a file over a network (compare with upload).
driver:
A software module that provides an interface between a network
interface card and the upper-layer protocol software running on a computer.
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line. A family of broadband services provided over a
traditional phone line, such as ADSL, SHDSL, and VDSL.
DSP: Digital Signal Processor. The microprocessor that handles line signaling
in a modem.
DTE: Data Terminal Equipment. Equipment that transmits or receives data in
the form of digital signals.
dynamic detection: A process of a automatic detection of a new device
added or removed from the PC.
EOC:
Embedded Operations Channel. An in-band channel between DSL
devices that operates at the physical layer for administration and maintenance
data.
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error control: An algorithm used to detect and correct data transmission
errors.
errored second:
An item in performance measurement report, which
pertains to a one second period with one or more errored blocks.
Ethernet address: Another name for MAC address.
Ethernet: A standard protocol (IEEE 802.3) for a 10-Mb/s baseband local
area network (PAT) bus that supports high-speed communication among
systems. It operates at the Physical Layer of the OSI Model.
ETSI:
European Telecommunications Standards Institute.
FCC: Federal Communications Commission of the United States.
filter: A configuration that stops the flow of certain types data frames.
firmware: Software that has been temporarily or permanently loaded into
ROM.
flash memory:
A type of RAM that retains its information, even after
powering-down.
flow control: A process that uses buffers to stop and start the flow of data
in a network to avoid losing data, and allow devices with different transmission
schemes to communicate with each other.
FTP: File Transfer Protocol. A TCP/IP standard protocol for transferring files.
full-duplex: transmitting in two directions simultaneously.
G.991.2: An ITU-T specification for high speed DSL known as G.SHDSL.
G.DMT: Another name for the G.992.1 ITU specification.
G.lite: Another name for the G.992.2 ITU specification.
gateway: A communications device that connects two different networks.
header:
The beginning of a frame or cell that contains management and
addressing information.
hop: One point-to-point transmission in a series required to transmit a
message between two hosts in a network.
host: An addressable computer connected to a network.
hub:
A device that serves as the central location for attaching wires form
workstations.
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ICMP: Internet Control Management Protocol. An Internet protocol that
allows for the generation of error messages, tests packets, and information
messages related to IP.
IDSL: A form of ISDN DSL using 2B1Q line code.
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
IEEE:
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
ILMI: Interim Local Management Interface. Provides ATM layer management
between a switch and a client device.
IP address: Internet Protocol address. The decimal-numeric, fixed-length
address assigned to an Internet host.
IP multicast: A technique that allows packets to be simultaneously
transmitted over the Internet to a multiple destinations.
IPOA: IP over ATM.
IRQ:
Interrupt re-quest, a hardware interrupt on a PC.
ISO: International Standards Organization.
ISP:
Internet Service Provider. An organization that provides access to the
Internet.
ITU: International Telecommunications Union. The telecommunications
agency of the United Nations.
kbps:
KiloBits Per Second. A kilobit is usually taken to be 1,000 bits when
speaking of data rates.
LAN:
Local Area Network. A LAN is a A data communications system that lies
within a limited spatial area, has a specific user group, and has a specific
topology.
latency:
The time it takes a signal to transmit from its source to its
destination.
LED: Light Emitting Diode. A light or status indicator.
LOC: Loss of Cell delineation. A situation where receiving equipment is unable
to identify the boundaries of a cell.
local analog loopback: A test in which the modem’s VF signal is looped
to its receiver.
local loop: An ordinary telephone line.
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local loopback test:
An analog loopback test that loops a device’s
transmitter output back to receiver input.
loopback: A diagnostic procedure where a test message is sent back to its
origination point, in order to isolate an equipment or data line problem.
LOS: Loss of Signal. A digital line condition where there are no pulses.
MAC address: Media Access Control address. The unique fixed address of
a piece of hardware, normally set at the time of manufacture and used in PAT
protocols.
MAC: Medium Access Control, a protocol for determining which device has
access to the network at any one time.
Mbps:
Megabits per second. One megabit is normally taken to mean
1,000,000 bits when speaking of data rates.
MCU: Multi-Commercial Unit. A commercial building or complex with multiple
tenants.
MDU: Multi-Dwelling Unit. A residential building with multiple tenants.
MIB II: MIB Release 2. An update of the MIB standard, defined by RFC 1213.
MIB: Management Information Base. A database of managed objects used by
network management protocols to provide network management information
and device control.
modem:
Modulator Demodulator. A device used to convert a digital signal
into an analog signal and vice-versa so that data can be transmitted over a
telephone line.
modulation: The process of varying the amplitude, frequency, or phase of
a carrier wave to form data transmissions.
multicasting:
The ability of a network node to send the same data to
multiple endpoints.
multiframe:
An ordered, functional sequence of frames on a multiplexed
digital circuit.
NAT: Network Address Translation is a transparent routing function that
translates a Private IP address on a PAT into a Public address that can be used in
a public network.
network address: The network portion of an IP address.
network protocol: Network protocols encapsulate and forward data
packets from one interface to another.
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NIC:
A Network Interface Card is a card installed in a device to provide
network communication capabilities to and from that device.
node: A connection or switching point in a network, also called a host.
noise: Unwanted interference to a transmitted signal by an outside source.
PAP: Password Authentication Protocol. PPP protocol
authentication of the connection between two devices.
that
ensures
PAT: Port Address Translation is a form of NAT that maps multiple Private IP
addresses to a single Public IP address.
ping: An internet utility signal sent to check the accessibility of a device.
Plug-and-Play: The ability of a PC to configure expansion boards and
other devices automatically without requiring the user to turn off the system
during installation.
point-to-point connection: Any connection with only two endpoints.
A dedicated data link that connects only two stations.
poison reverse:
A routing protocol command that tells its neighbor
gateways that one of the gateways is no longer connected.
POP: Point Of Presence.
Port: An access point where data can enter or exit.
POTS: Plain Old Telephone Service.
PPP over ATM: Point-to-Point Protocol over Asynchronous Transfer Mode.
PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol. A protocol (RFC 1661) for transmitting packets
over serial links between devices made by the same or different manufacturers.
PPPoE:
Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. A method for establishing
sessions and encapsulating PPP packets over an Ethernet, specified by RFC
2516.
PPTP: Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol. An extension of Point-to-Point
Protocol used to create virtual private networks between PCs.
protocol:
A set of rules that govern the transmission of data between
interconnected devices to maintain or improve communication.
proxy server: Provides a list of items available on other servers to increase
the availability and speed of retrieving that information.
PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network. The standard telephone network.
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PVC: Permanent Virtual Circuit. Virtual circuit that is permanently established.
QoS: Quality of Service. The expected data loss or latency.
remote access: Communication from a remote location or facility through
a data link.
remote digital loopback test: This test loops the remote digital
receiver output back into the transmitter input.
remote host: The computer receiving the network commands.
RFC:
Request for Comments. Documents published by the Internet
Engineering Task Force pertaining to Internet protocols and policies.
RIP:
Routing Information Protocol. The protocol governing the exchange of
routing information.
RJ11: A 6-position jack used with dial networks and telephone sets.
RJ45: An 8-position jack used with programmable dial networks.
router: Protocol-dependent device that connects subnets together. Routers
operate at the network layer (layer 3) of the ISO Open Systems
Interconnection--Reference Model.
routing table:
A table that lists routing paths to enable a node to route
traffic to another node in the network.
RS-232: a low-speed, 25-position, DCE/DTE interface.
server: Hardware or software that offers a specific service, such as database
management, to a client.
SHDSL:
Symmetric High Bit Rate Digital Subscriber Loop. A DSL technology
that allows symmetrical transmissions over longer distances. Defined by the
G991.2 ITU standard.
SLA:
Service Level Agreement. A contract between a service provider and a
customer, which guarantees a minimum level or quality of service to the
customer.
SMTP:
Simple Mail Transport Protocol. A protocol used to transfer e-mail
between or among servers.
SNMP agent: An application program that enables communication
between a management system and a device.
SNMP trap:
A message sent to a SNMP manager to communicate
information about changes in the network, such as a device being reset.
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SNMP: Simple Network Management Protocol. Protocol for open networking
management.
static route:
A route that is permanent rather than a route that is
dynamically assigned by another router.
STP:
Shielded Twisted Pair. Telephone wire that is wrapped in a sheath to
eliminate external interference.
subnet address: The subnet portion of an IP address.
subnet mask:
A number that identifies the subnet portion of a network
address. so that IP addresses can be shared on a local area network.
subnet: An independent network segment, that is, it has the same network
address, but its subnet address is different.
switch:
A data switch connects computing devices to host computers,
enabling multiple devices to share a limited number of ports. An electrical switch
is a device for making, breaking, or changing the connections in an electrical
circuit.
synchronous transmission: Transmission with the transmitter and
receiver synchronized so that data is transmitted at a fixed rate.
synchronous:
Any operation that is controlled by a clock or timing
mechanism. (Compare with asynchronous).
TCP/IP:
Transmission control protocol/Internet protocol, a set of protocols
that govern peer-to-peer connectivity functions for local and wide area
networks.
TCP: Transmission Control Protocol.
Telnet: The TCP/IP virtual terminal protocol that allows a user at one site to
access a remote system at another site.
throughput: The number of bits, characters, or blocks that are able to pass
through a data communication system.
training:
A process where two modems try to determine the correct
protocols and transmission speeds to establish a communication session.
trellis-coded
modulation: Advanced error correction coding
technique for forward error correction to a modulation scheme by adding an
additional bit to each baud.
UDP:
User Datagram Protocol. A connectionless protocol that converts data
messages generated by an application into packets to be sent over IP.
UNIX: An operating system developed at AT&T Bell Laboratories.
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upload:
To receive a file transmitted over a network.
URL: Uniform Resource Locator. An Internet standard addressing protocol for
describing the location and access method of a resource on the Internet.
USB:
Universal Serial Bus. A bi-directional, isochronous, serial interface for
adding dynamically connectable peripheral devices, without the need for a
reboot.
UTP:
Unshielded twisted pair is the most common kind of copper telephone
wiring.
VC: Virtual Circuit. A logical connection or packet-switching mechanism
established between two devices at the start of transmission.
VCI:
Virtual Channel Identifier. The 16-bit field in an ATM cell header that
specifies the virtual channel over which the cell is to be transmitted.
VDSL: Very-high-speed DSL. A DSL protocol running at up to 52 Mbps, that is
restricted to short distances.
virtual circuit:
A logical circuit established between two devices at the
start of transmission
VOD:
Video On Demand. A service that provides video to subscribers upon
request.
VPI: Virtual Path Identifier
VPI: Virtual Path Identifier. The 8-bit field in an ATM cell header that specifies
the routing path for a cell.
VPN: Virtual Private Network. A network implemented over a public network
that is made “private” by use of encryption.
VT100: A terminal used for asynchronous communications.
WAN:
Wide area network. A communications network that connects
geographically separated areas (Compare with LAN).
xDSL: A generic term for all varieties of DSL.
XOFF: A character that notifies a device to stop transmitting data.
XON: A character that notifies a device to start or resume transmitting data.
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