Poulan 187570 Lawn Mower User Manual

Poulan 187570 Lawn Mower User Manual

MODEL NO. PO15538C

15.5 HP 38 Inch

Lawn Tractor

For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297

For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886

191713 03.09.04 RD

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

SAFETY RULES

Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers

IMPORTANT: THIS CUTTING MACHINE IS CAPABLE OF AMPUTATING HANDS AND FEET AND THROW ING OBJECTS. FAILURE

TO OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.

I. GENERAL OPERATION

• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine before starting.

• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the in struc tions, to operate the machine.

• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.

• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mow-

ing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

• Never carry passengers.

• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary.

Always look down and behind before and while back-

ing.

• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the guard in place.

• Slow down before turning.

• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys before dismounting.

• Turn off blades when not mowing.

• Stop engine before removing grass catcher or un-

clog ging chute.

• Mow only in daylight or good artifi cial light.

• Do not operate the machine while under the infl uence of alcohol or drugs.

• Watch for traffi c when operating near or crossing road-

ways.

• Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or truck.

• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to protect them selves and others from serious injury.

• Keep machine free of grass , leaves or other debris build-up which can touch hot exhaust / engine parts and burn. Do not allow the mower deck to plow leaves or other debris which can cause build-up to occur.

Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or storing the machine. Allow machine to cool before storage.

II. SLOPE OPERATION

Slopes are a major factor related to loss-of-control and tipover accidents, which can result in severe injury or death.

All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.

DO:

• Mow up and down slopes, not across.

• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.

• Use extra care with grass catchers or other at tach ments.

These can change the stability of the machine.

• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual.

Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.

• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

2

DO NOT:

Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.

The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.

• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.

• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.

III. CHILDREN

Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert to the presence of children. Children are often attracted to the ma chine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

• Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

• Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

• Never allow children to operate the machine.

• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.

IV. SERVICE

• Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels.

They are fl ammable and vapors are explosive.

- Use only an approved container.

- Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not smoke.

- Never refuel the machine indoors.

- Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open fl ame, such as a water heater.

• Never run a machine inside a closed area.

• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.

• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper op er a tion regularly.

• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to cool before storing.

• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object.

Repair, if necessary, before restarting.

• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine run ning.

• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, dam-

age, and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check com po nents and replace with manufacturer's rec om mend ed parts, when nec es sary.

• Mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.

• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

SAFETY RULES

Safe Operation Practices for Ride-On Mowers

• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

• Never carry passengers or children even with the blades off.

• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Al ways look down and behind before and while backing.

• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

• Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

• Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

• Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.

• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

• If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift into reverse and back down slowly.

• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually downhill, if possible.

WARNING: In order to prevent ac-

ci den tal starting when setting up, plug wire and place wire where it can not contact spark plug.

WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.

WARNING: Tow only the attachand comply with spec i fi ca tions of

Use common sense when towing.

Operate only at the low est possible speed when on a slope. Too heavy of a load, while on a slope, is dan-

ger ous. Tires can lose trac tion with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

WARNING

Engine exhaust, some of its con stit u ents, and cer-

tain vehicle com po nents contain or emit chem i cals known to the State of Cal i for nia to cause can cer and birth de fects or oth er re pro duc tive harm.

WARNING

Battery posts, terminals and related ac ces so ries contain lead and lead compounds, chem i cals known to the State of Cal i for nia to cause can cer and birth defects or oth er re pro duc tive harm. Wash hands after handling.

3

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

Gasoline Capacity and type:

1.25 Gallons

Unleaded Regular

Oil Type (API-SF-sj):

Oil Capacity:

Spark Plug:

(Gap: .030")

Ground Speed (MPH):

SAE 30 (above 32°F)

SAE 5W-30 (below 32°F)

3.0 Pints

Champion RC12YC

Forward:

Tire Pressure:

Charging System:

Front: 14 PSI

Rear: 12 PSI

3 Amps Battery

Blade Bolt Torque: 27-35 FT. LBS.

CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase of a new tractor.

It has been designed, engineered and manu fac tured to give you the best possible dependability and performance.

Should you experience any problem you cannot easily remedy, please contact your nearest authorized service center/ department. We have com pe tent, well-trained tech ni cians and the proper tools to ser vice or repair this tractor.

Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will enable you to assemble and maintain your tractor prop erly.

Always observe the “SAFETY RULES”.

CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES

• Read and observe the safety rules.

• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tractor.

• Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and

“Stor age” sec tions of this own er’s manual.

WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal com-

bus tion engine and should not be used on or near any un im proved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-cov ered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark arrester meeting applicable local or state laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it should be maintained in effective working order by the operator.

A spark arrester for the muffl er is available through your nearest authorized service center/department (See RE PAIR

PARTS section of this manual).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SAFETY RULES ......................................................... 2-3

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ....................................... 4

CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES................................. 4

ASSEMBLY ................................................................. 6-8

OPERATION ............................................................. 9-13

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ...................................... 14

MAINTENANCE ..................................................... 14-17

SERVICE AND AD JUST MENTS ............................ 18-23

STORAGE .................................................................... 24

TROU BLE SHOOT ING ............................................ 25-26

REPAIR PARTS ...................................................... 28-41

WARRANTY................................................................. 42

4

UNASSEMBLED PARTS

Steering Wheel

Seat

Steering Wheel

Insert

Steering Wheel

Adapter

Steering

Extension

Shaft

Steering

Boot

(1) Washer

17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge

(1) Lock

Washer 1/2

(1) Bolt

(1) Oil Drain Tube

For Future Use

Keys

(2) Keys

Slope Sheet

(1) Large Flat Washer

(1) Locknut 1/2-20

(1) Hex Bolt 1/4-28 x 1-1/4

(1) Locknut 1/4-28

5

ASSEMBLY

Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes.

To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as necessary to insure proper tightness.

TOOLS REQUIRED FOR ASSEMBLY

A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Stan dard wrench sizes are listed.

(2) 1/2" wrenches

(1) 9/16" wrench

Pliers

Tire pressure gauge

Utility knife

When right or left hand is mentioned in this man ual, it means when you are in the operating po si tion (seated be hind the steer ing wheel).

INSERT

1/2 HEX NUT

LARGE FLAT

WASHER

STEERING

WHEEL

STEERING

BOOT

TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM

CARTON

UNPACK CARTON

• Remove all accessible loose parts and parts cartons from carton.

• Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton.

Remove end panels and lay side panels fl at.

• Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and remove.

ADAPT ER

TABS

EXTENSION SHAFT

1/4 HEX BOLT

BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR FROM

SKID

ATTACH STEERING WHEEL (See Fig. 1)

ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND BOOT

• Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft. Align mount ing holes in extension and lower shafts and install

1/4 hex bolt and lock nut. Tighten securely.

IMPORTANT: TIGHTEN BOLT AND NUT SECURELY TO 10-12

FT. LBS TORQUE.

• Place tabs of steering boot over tab slots in dash and push down to secure.

INSTALL STEERING WHEEL

• Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing straight forward.

• Remove steering wheel adapter from steering wheel and slide adapter onto steer ing shaft ex ten sion.

• Position steering wheel so cross bars are hor i zon tal

(left to right) and slide inside boot and onto adapt er.

• Assemble large fl at washer, 1/2 hex nut and tighten se cure ly.

1/4 LOCK NUT

LOWER

STEERING

SHAFT

FIG. 1

02

599

TAB

SLOTS

wheel.

• Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.

IS TO ROLL OFF SKID.

6

ASSEMBLY

HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR

INSTALL SEAT (See Fig. 2)

Adjust seat before tightening adjustment bolt.

• Remove adjustment bolt, lock washer and fl at washer se cur ing seat to cardboard packing and set aside for as sem bly of seat to tractor.

• Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.

• Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolt is positioned over large slotted hole in pan.

• Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of tractor.

• Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment bolt, lockwasher and fl at washer loosely. Do not tighten

• Lower seat into operating position and sit on seat.

• Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the way down.

• Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.

• Raise seat and tighten adjustment bolt securely.

SEAT PAN

FLAT WASHER

LOCK WASHER

2466

SEAT

SHOULDER

BOLT

02465

ADJUSTMENT

BOLT

FIG. 2

CHECK BATTERY (See Fig. 3)

• Lift seat pan to raised position.

• If this battery is put into service after month and year indicated on label (label located between terminals) charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps.

(See “BATTERY” in the Maintenance sec tion of this manual for charg ing instructions).

SEAT PAN

LABEL

02602

FIG. 3

NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid.

Follow the appropriate instruction below to remove the tractor from the skid.

TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See

Op er a tion section for location and function of con trols)

• Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to its highest po si tion.

• Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake ped al.

• Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) po si tion.

• Roll tractor forward off skid.

• Remove banding holding defl ector shield up against trac tor.

TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See Op-

er a tion section for location and func tion of con trols)

WARNING: Before starting, read, un der stand and follow all in struc tions in the Operation section of this manual. Be sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.

• Be sure all the above assembly steps have been completed.

• Check engine oil level and fi ll fuel tank with gasoline.

• Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set the parking brake.

• Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

• Press lift lever plunger and raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.

• Start the engine. After engine has started, move throttle control to idle position.

• Depress clutch/brake pedal into full "BRAKE" position and hold. Move gearshift lever to 1st gear.

• Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and slowly drive tractor off skid.

• Apply brake to stop tractor, set parking brake and place gearshift lever in neutral position.

• Turn ignition key to "OFF" position.

Continue with the instructions that follow.

7

CHECK TIRE PRESSURE

The tires on your tractor were overinfl ated at the factory for shipping purposes. Correct tire pressure is important for best cutting performance.

• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in “PRODUCT

SPEC I FI CA TIONS” section of this manual.

CHECK DECK LEVELNESS

For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly leveled. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION OF ALL

BELTS

See the fi gures that are shown for replacing motion and mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments sec tion of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed correctly.

CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM

After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

ASSEMBLY

CHE CKLIST

BEFORE YOU OPERATE AND ENJOY YOUR NEW TRAC-

TOR, WE WISH TO ASSURE THAT YOU RE CEIVE THE

BEST PER FORM ANCE AND SATISFACTION FROM THIS

QUAL ITY PRODUCT.

PLEASE REVIEW THE FOLLOWING CHECKLIST:

✓ All assembly instructions have been completed.

✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.

✓ Battery is properly prepared and charged. (Minimum

1 hour at 6 amps).

✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.

✓ All tires are properly infl ated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinfl ated at the factory).

✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/ front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be properly infl ated for leveling).

✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.

✓ Check wiring. See that all connections are still secure and wires are properly clamped.

WHILE LEARNING HOW TO USE YOUR TRAC TOR, PAY

EXTRA ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING IM POR TANT

ITEMS:

✓ Engine oil is at proper level.

✓ Fuel tank is fi lled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gas o line.

✓ Become familiar with all controls - their location and function. Operate them before you start the engine.

✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.

8

OPERATION

These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product. Learn and understand their meaning.

REVERSE

ENGINE OFF

NEUTRAL

LIGHTS ON

HIGH LOW

CHOKE

FAST

SLOW

IGNITION

P

ENGINE ON ENGINE START PARKING BRAKE

PARKING BRAKE

LOCKED

PARKING BRAKE

UNLOCKED

OVER TEMP

LIGHT

FUEL

OIL PRESSURE BATTERY

REVERSE FORWARD

MOWER HEIGHT MOWER LIFT

15

15

ATTACHMENT

CLUTCH ENGAGED

ATTACHMENT

CLUTCH DISENGAGED

DANGER, KEEP HANDS

AND FEET AWAY

KEEP AREA CLEAR

SLOPE HAZARDS

(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)

FREE WHEEL

(Automatic Models only)

Failure to follow instructions could result in serious injury or death. The safety alert symbol is used to identify safety information about hazards which can result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

might result in minor or moderate injury.

CAUTION when used without the alert symbol, indicates a situation that could result in damage

to the tractor and/or engine.

HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury

and/or property damage.

FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

could result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

9

OPERATION

KNOW YOUR TRACTOR

READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR TRACTOR

Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and ad just ments.

Save this manual for future reference.

ATTACHMENT

CLUTCH LEVER

IGNITION

SWITCH

LIGHT SWITCH

POSITION

LIFT LEVER

PLUNGER

THROTTLE/CHOKE

CONTROL

ATTACHMENT

LIFT LEVER

CLUTCH/BRAKE

PEDAL

MOWER DECK

HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT

POSITIONS

GEARSHIFT

LEVER

PARKING

BRAKE

FIG. 4

Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the American National Standards Institute.

ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER - Used to engage the mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.

LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the headlights on and off.

THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used for starting and controlling engine speed.

CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for declutching and brak-

ing the tractor and starting the engine.

PARKING BRAKE - Locks clutch/brake pedal into the brake position.

GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction of tractor.

ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise, lower, and adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted to your tractor.

LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release attachment lift lever when changing its position.

IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and stop ping the engine.

10

OPERATION

The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in severe eye dam age. Always wear safety glass es or eye shields while operating your tractor or per form ing any adjustments or repairs. We rec om mend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles or stan dard safety glasses.

HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR

TO SET PARKING BRAKE (See Fig. 5)

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sens-

ing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the op er a tor to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake will shut off the engine.

• Depress clutch/brake pedal into full “BRAKE” position and hold.

• Place parking brake lever in “ENGAGED” position and re lease pressure from clutch/brake pedal. Pedal should re main in “BRAKE” position. Make sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.

ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER

"ENGAGED" POSITION

IMPORTANT: LEAVING THE IGNITION SWITCH IN ANY

POSITION OTHER THAN "OFF" WILL CAUSE THE BATTERY

TO BE DIS CHARGED, (DEAD).

NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this pos si bil i ty, always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.

CAUTION: Always stop tractor com-

plete ly, as described above, before leav ing the operator's po si tion; to empty grass catch er, etc.

THROT TLE/CHOKE

CONTROL LEVER

TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL (See Fig. 5)

Always operate engine at full throttle.

• Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the battery charging rate.

• Full throttle of fers the best bagging and mower per for mance.

IGNITION KEY

"BRAKE"

01995

POSITION

CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL

"DRIVE" POSITION

"DIS EN GAGED"

POSITION

PARKING BRAKE

"ENGAGED"

POSITION

GEARSHIFT

LE VER

PARKING BRAKE

"DISENGAGED" POSITION

TO MOVE FORWARD AND BACKWARD

(See Fig. 5)

The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the gearshift lever.

• Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed and gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

• Move gearshift lever to desired position.

• Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to start movement.

IMPORTANT: BRING TRACTOR TO A COMPLETE STOP

BEFORE SHIFTING OR CHANGING GEARS. FAILURE

TO DO SO WILL SHORTEN THE USEFUL LIFE OF YOUR

TRANSAXLE.

FIG.5

STOPPING (See Fig. 5)

MOWER BLADES -

• To stop mower blades,move attachment clutch lever to “DIS EN GAGED” po si tion.

GROUND DRIVE -

• To stop ground drive, depress clutch/brake pedal into full “BRAKE” po si tion.

• Move gearshift lever to neutral (N) po si tion.

ENGINE -

• Move throttle control to slow po si tion.

NOTE: Failure to move throttle control to slow position and allowing engine to idle before stopping may cause engine to “backfi re”.

• Turn ignition key to “OFF” position and remove key.

Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent un au tho rized use.

• Never use choke to stop engine.

11

TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT

(See Fig. 5)

The position of the attachment lift lever determines the cutting height.

• Grasp lift lever.

• Press plunger with thumb and move lever to desired po si tion.

The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/2 to 4".

The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with the engine not running. These heights are approximate and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of grass and types of grass being mowed.

• The average lawn should be cut to approximately 2-1/2 inches during the cool season and to over 3 inches during hot months. For healthier and better looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.

• For best cutting performance, grass over 6 inches in height should be mowed twice. Make the fi rst cut relatively high; the second to desired height.

OPERATION

TO OPERATE MOWER (See Fig. 6)

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will shut off the engine. You must remain fully and centrally positioned in the seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.

• Select desired height of cut.

• Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.

• TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage attachment clutch con trol.

• To restart movement, slowly release parking brake and clutch/brake pedal.

• Make all turns slowly.

TO TRANSPORT

• Raise attachment lift to highest position with at tach ment lift control.

• When pushing or towing your tractor, be sure gearshift lever is in neutral (N) position.

• Do not push or tow tractor at more than fi ve (5) MPH.

NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting your tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).

CAUTION: Do not operate the mower without either the en tire grass catcher, on mowers so equipped, or the defl ector shield in place.

"ENGAGED" POSITION

ATTACHMENT LIFT LE-

VER HIGH PO SI TION

MENTS

Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifi cations of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when towing. Too heavy of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can lose traction with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE

AT TACH MENT

CLUTCH LEVER

"DISENGAGED"

PO SI TION

LOW

POSITION

CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL

• The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the factory, already fi lled with sum mer weight oil.

• Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.

• Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If necessary, add oil until

“FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfi ll.

• For cold weather operation you should change oil for easier starting (See “OIL VISCOSITY CHART” in the

Maintenance sec tion of this manual).

• To change engine oil, see the Maintenance section in this manual.

FIG. 6

TO OPERATE ON HILLS

0199

4

DE FLEC TOR

SHIELD

ADD GASOLINE

• Fill fuel tank to bottom of fi ller neck. Do not overfi ll.

Use fresh, clean, regular un lead ed gasoline with a minimum of 87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quan ti ties that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel fresh ness.

WARNING: Do not drive up or down hills with slopes great er than 15° and do not drive across any slope.

CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an open fl ame.

• Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.

• Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.

• If slowing is necessary, move throttle control lever to slower position.

• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.

• Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be sure you have allowed room for tractor to roll slightly as you restart movement.

12

IMPORTANT: WHEN OPERATING IN TEMPERATURES

BELOW32°F(0°C), USE FRESH, CLEAN WINTER GRADE

GAS O LINE TO HELP INSURE GOOD COLD WEATHER

START ING.

CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to sep a ra tion and for ma tion of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel sys tem should be emptied before stor age of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage In struc tions for additional information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

TO START ENGINE (See Fig. 4)

When starting the engine for the fi rst time or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move fuel from the tank to the engine.

• Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set parking brake.

• Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

• Move attachment clutch to “DISENGAGED” position.

• Move throttle control to choke position.

NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting procedures below.

• Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to “START” position and release key as soon as engine starts.

Do not run starter continuously for more than fi fteen sec onds per minute. If the engine does not start after several attempts, move throttle control to fast position, wait a few minutes and try again. If engine still does not start, move the throttle control back to the choke position and retry.

WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and above)

• When engine starts, move the throttle control to the fast position.

• The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If the engine does not accept the load, restart the engine and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke as described above.

COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50° F and below)

• When engine starts, allow engine to run with the throttle control in the choke position until the engine runs roughly, then move throttle control to fast position. This may require an engine warm-up period from several seconds to several minutes, depending on the tem per a ture.

• The attachments can also be used during the engine warm-up period.

NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be adjusted for best engine performance. See “TO

ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

OPERATION

MOWING TIPS

• Tire chains cannot be used when the mower hous ing is attached to tractor.

• Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing per-

for mance. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the

Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

• The left hand side of mower should be used for trim-

ming.

• Drive so that clippings are discharged onto the area that has been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the machine. This will result in a more even dis tri bu tion of clippings and more uniform cutting.

• When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs, fences, drive ways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left hand turns until fi nished

(See Fig. 7 ).

00272

FIG. 7

• If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to reduce load and possible fi re hazard from dried clip-

pings. Make fi rst cut relatively high; the second to the desired height.

• Do not mow grass when it is wet. Wet grass will plug mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry before mowing.

Always operate engine at full throttle when mow-

ing to assure better mowing performance and proper dis charge of ma te ri al. Regulate ground speed by se-

lect ing a low enough gear to give the mower cut ting per for mance as well as the quality of cut desired.

• When operating attachments, select a ground speed that will suit the terrain and give best performance of the at tach ment being used.

13

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

FILL IN DATES

AS YOU COMPLETE

REGULAR SERVICE

EACH

USE

HOURS

50

HOURS

100

HOURS

SEASON

STORAGE

BEFORE EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY

EVERY

BEFORE

SERVICE DATES

T

0

R

T

R

A

C

Check Brake Operation

Check Tire Pressure

Check Operator Presence and

Interlock Systems

Check for Loose Fasteners

Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades

Lubrication Chart

Check Battery Level

Clean Battery and Terminals

Check Transaxle Cooling

Check V-Belts

Check Engine Oil Level

Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)

E

N

G

I

N

E

Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)

Clean Air Filter

Clean Air Screen

Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester

Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)

Clean Engine Cooling Fins

Replace Spark Plug

Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge

Replace Fuel Filter

1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.

2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.

4

3

1,2

2

2

1,2

5

1

, 2

2

2

3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.

4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.

5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.

Do not overtighten.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value from the warranty, operator must main tain tractor as instructed in this manual.

Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tractor.

At least once a season, check to see if you should make any of the adjustments described in the Service and

Adjustments section of this manual.

• At least once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean or replace air fi lter, and check blades and belts for wear. A new spark plug and clean air fi lter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer.

BEFORE EACH USE

• Check engine oil level.

• Check brake operation.

• Check tire pressure.

• Check operator presence and

interlock systems for proper operation.

• Check for loose fasteners.

LUBRICATION CHART

SPINDLE

ZERK

SPINDLE

ZERK

FRONT WHEEL

BEARING ZERK

01964

FRONT WHEEL

BEARING ZERK

ENGINE

GENERAL PURPOSE GREASE

REFER TO MAINTENANCE “ENGINE” SECTION

IMPORTANT: DO NOT OIL OR GREASE THE PIVOT POINTS WHICH

HAVE SPECIAL NYLON BEARINGS. VISCOUS LU BRI CANTS WILL

14

BE LU BRI CAT ED, USE ONLY A DRY, POW DERED GRAPHITE TYPE

LU BRI CANT SPARINGLY.

MAINTENANCE

TRACTOR

Always observe safety rules when performing any main-

te nance.

BRAKE OPERATION

If tractor requires more than six (6) feet stopping distance at high speed in highest gear, then brake must be adjusted.

(See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Ad just ments section of this manual).

TIRES

• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires (See “PROD UCT

SPECIFICATIONS” section of this man ual).

• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control chemi-

cals which can harm rubber.

• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and other hazards that may cause tire damage.

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.

OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM

Be sure operator presence and interlock sys tems are work-

ing properly. If your tractor does not function as described, repair the problem immediately.

• The engine should not start unless the clutch/brake pedal is fully depressed and attachement clutch control is in the disengaged position.

• When the engine is running, any attempt by the op er a tor to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake should shut off the engine.

• When the engine is running and the at tach ment clutch is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat should shut off the engine.

• The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.

BLADE CARE

For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Re place bent or damaged blades.

BLADE REMOVAL (See Fig. 8)

• Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.

• Remove blade bolt, lock washer and fl at washer se cur ing blade.

• Install new or resharpened blade with trailing edge up towards deck as shown.

IMPORTANT: TO ENSURE PROPER ASSEMBLY, CENTER

HOLE IN BLADE MUST ALIGN WITH STAR ON MANDREL

ASSEMBLY.

• Reassemble blade bolt, lock washer and fl at washer in exact order as shown.

• Tight en blade bolt se cure ly (27-35 Ft. Lbs. torque).

IMPORTANT: BLADE BOLT IS HEAT TREATED. IF BOLT NEEDS

REPLACING, REPLACE ONLY WITH APPROVE BOLT SHOWN

IN THE REPAIR PARTS.

TRAILING

EDGE UP

LOCK WASHER

5/8" BOLT

OR PIN

CEN TER

HOLE

FLAT WASHER

BLADE BOLT

FIG. 8

CENTER HOLE

FIG. 9

MANDREL

ASSEMBLY

STAR

BLADE

TO SHARPEN BLADE (See Fig. 9)

NOTE: We do not recommend sharp en ing blade - but if you do, be sure the blade is balanced.

Care should be taken to keep the blade balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration and even tual damage to mower and engine.

• The blade can be sharpened with a fi le or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen while on the mower.

• To check blade balance, you will need a 5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone balancer. (When using a cone balancer, follow the instructions supplied with bal anc er.)

NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade. The lobes of the center hole may appear to be centered, but are not.

• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground.

If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal position. If either end of the blade moves downward, sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balanced.

BLADE

15

BATTERY

Your tractor has a battery charging system which is suf fi cient for normal use. However, periodic charging of the battery with an automotive charger will extend its life.

• Keep battery and terminals clean.

• Keep battery bolts tight.

• Keep small vent holes open.

• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.

NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps or covers. Adding or checking level of electrolyte is not necessary.

TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS

Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause the battery to “leak” power.

• Disconnect BLACK battery cable fi rst then RED bat-

tery cable and remove battery from tractor.

• Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.

• Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush until bright.

• Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.

• Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING BATTERY” in the SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this man u al).

V-BELTS

Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after 100 hours of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not ad just able. Re place belts if they begin to slip from wear.

TRANSAXLE COOLING

Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt and chaff which can restrict cooling.

MAINTENANCE

NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils (5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in cold weather, these multi-viscosity oils will result in increased oil consumption when used above

32°F. Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil.

Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor is not used for 25 hours in one year.

Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fi ll cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.

TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL (See Fig. 10 and 11)

Determine temperature range expected before oil change.

All oil must meet API service classifi cation SF-SJ.

• Be sure tractor is on level surface.

• Oil will drain more freely when warm.

• Catch oil in a suitable container.

• Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt to enter the engine when changing oil.

• Remove yellow cap from end of drain valve and install the drain tube onto the fi tting.

CLOSED

AND

LOCKED

POSITION

OIL DRAIN VALVE

02

463

DRAIN

TUBE

YEL LOW CAP

ENGINE

LUBRICATION

Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service classifi cation SF-SJ. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected operating temperature.

SAE VISCOSITY GRADES

SAE 30

5W-30

F

C

-20 0 30 32 40

60 80

100

-30

-20

-10

0 10

20 30

TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE

40 oil_visc_chart1_e

FIG. 10

FIG. 11

• Unlock drain valve by pushing inward and turning coun ter clock wise.

• To open, pull out on the drain valve.

• After oil has drained completely, close and lock the drain valve by pushing inward and turning clockwise until the pin is in the locked position as shown.

• Remove the drain tube and replace the cap onto to the bottom fi tting of the drain valve.

• Refi ll engine with oil through oil fi ll dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfi ll. For approximate capacity see

“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this man-

u al.

• Use gauge on oil fi ll cap/dipstick for checking level.

Be sure dipstick cap is tightened securely for accurate reading. Keep oil at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten cap onto the tube securely when fi nished.

16

MAINTENANCE

CLEAN AIR SCREEN

Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent engine dam age from overheating. Clean with a wire brush or compressed air to re move dirt and stubborn dried gum fi bers.

AIR FILTER

Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air fi lter.

Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions. See

Engine Manual.

MUFFLER

Inspect and replace corroded muffl er and spark arrester

(if equipped) as it could create a fi re hazard and/or damage.

SPARK PLUGS

Replace spark plugs at the beginning of each mowing season or after every 100 hours of operation, whichever occurs fi rst. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in

“PROD UCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual.

IN-LINE FUEL FILTER (See Fig. 12)

The fuel fi lter should be replaced once each season. If fuel fi lter becomes clogged, ob struct ing fuel fl ow to car bu re tor, re place ment is re quired.

• With engine cool, remove fi lter and plug fuel line sec-

tions.

• Place new fuel fi lter in position in fuel line with arrow pointing towards carburetor.

• Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are properly positioned.

• Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.

CLAMP

FUEL

FILTER

00667

CLAMP

FIG. 12

CLEANING

• Clean engine, battery, seat, fi nish, etc. of all foreign matter.

• Keep fi nished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline, oil, etc.

• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.

We do not recommend using a garden hose or pressure washer to clean your tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water in engine or transmission will shorten the useful life of your tractor. Use compressed air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves and trash from tractor and mower.

17

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

MENTS:

Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.

Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.

Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.

Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.

Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.

Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact

TRACTOR

TO REMOVE MOWER (See Fig. 13)

Mower will be easier to remove from the right side of tractor.

• Place attachment clutch in “DIS EN GAGED” position.

• Move attachment lift lever forward to low er mower to its lowest po si tion.

• Roll belt off engine pulley.

• Remove small retainer spring, and remove clutch spring off pulley bolt.

• Remove large retainer spring, slide col lar off and push housing guide out of brack et.

• Disconnect anti-swaybar from chas sis bracket by remov ing re tain er spring.

• Disconnect suspension arms from rear deck brackets by removing retainer springs.

• Disconnect front links from deck by re mov ing retainer springs.

• Raise lift lever to raise suspension arms. Slide mower out from under tractor.

IMPORTANT: IF AN ATTACHMENT OTHER THAN THE MOWER

DECK IS TO BE MOUNTED ON THE TRAC TOR, REMOVE THE

FRONT LINKS AND HOOK THE CLUTCH SPRING INTO SQUARE

HOLE IN FRAME.

TO INSTALL MOWER (See Fig. 13)

• Raise attachment lift lever to its high est position.

• Slide mower under tractor with defl ector shield to right side of tractor.

• Lower lift lever to its lowest po si tion.

• Connect front links to mower deck and secure with retainer springs.

• Connect suspension arms to rear deck brackets and secure with retainer springs.

• Connect anti-swaybar to chassis bracket and secure with retainer spring.

SMALL

RETAINER SPRING

SUSPENSION ARMS

SMALL RETAINER SPRING

CLUTCH SPRING

RETAINER SPRING

ANTI-SWAY BAR

COLLAR

FLAT WASHER

CLUTCH SPRING

38

42

SQUARE HOLE

ENGINE PULLEY

FRONT LINK

RETAINER SPRINGS

(BOTH SIDES)

HOUSING GUIDE

LARGE RE TAIN ER

SPRING

02695

BRACKET

FIG. 13

18

DEFLECTOR SHIELD

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

• Push clutch cable housing guide into bracket, slide collar onto guide and secure with large retainer spring.

• Place fl at washer and clutch spring on idler pulley bolt and secure with small retainer spring.

• Install belt onto engine pulley.

TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING

Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground or driveway. Make sure tires are properly infl ated (See

“PROD UCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this manual). If tires are over or underinfl ated, you will not properly adjust your mower.

SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 14 and 15)

• Raise mower to its highest position.

• At the midpoint of both sides of mower, measure height from bot tom edge of mower to ground. Distance “A” on both sides of mower should be the same or within

1/4" of each other.

• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.

• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift link ad just ment nut on that side.

• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift link ad just ment nut on that side.

NOTE: Three full turns of adjustment nut will change mower height about 1/8".

• Recheck measurements after adjusting.

BOTTOM EDGE OF

MOWER

TO GROUND

00598

BOTTOM EDGE

OF MOWER

TO GROUND

FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT (See Figs. 16 and 17)

IMPORTANT: DECK MUST BE LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE. IF THE

FOLLOWING FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT IS NECESSARY,

BE SURE TO AD JUST BOTH FRONT LINKS EQUAL LY SO

MOWER WILL STAY LEVEL SIDE-TO-SIDE.

To obtain the best cutting results, the mower housing should be adjusted so that the front is approximately 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear when the mower is in its highest position.

Check adjustment on right side of tractor. Measure dis tance

“D” directly in front and behind the mandrel at bottom edge of mower housing as shown.

• Before making any necessary adjustments, check that both front links are equal in length.

• If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same length as other link.

• To lower front of mower loosen nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns.

• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nuts “F” against trunnion on both front links.

• To raise front of mower, loosen nut “F” from trunnion on both front links. Tighten nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns. The two front links must remain equal in length.

• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nut “F” against trunnion on both front links.

• Recheck side-to-side adjustment.

MANDREL

01268

“A”

“A”

GROUND LINE

FIG. 14

SUSPENSION ARM

"D"

"D"

FIG. 16

BOTH FRONT LINKS MUST BE EQUAL IN LENGTH

01267

01553

LIFT LINK

ADJUSTMENT

NUT

FIG. 15

NUT "F"

TRUNNION

FRONT LINKS

01156

NUT "E"

FIG. 17

19

MANDREL

PULLEY

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE BELT

(See Fig. 18)

The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools.

Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.

BELT REMOVAL -

• Place attachment clutch in “DIS EN GAGED” po si tion.

• Move at tach ment lift lever forward to lower mower to its lowest position.

• Roll belt off engine pulley.

• Disconnect R.H. suspension arm from rear deck brack et by removing retainer spring.

• Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.

• Pull belt away from mower.

BELT INSTALLATION -

• Work new belt around both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.

• Install new belt into engine pulley grove.

• Reconnect R.H. suspension arm and secure with re-

tain er spring.

• Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all belt guides.

R.H. SUSPENSION ARM

ENGINE

PULLEY

TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE (See Fig. 19)

Your tractor is equipped with an ad just able brake system which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle.

If tractor requires more than fi ve (5) feet to stop at highest speed in high est gear on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, then brake must be checked and ad just ed.

TO CHECK BRAKE

• Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and engage parking brake.

• Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, the brake needs to be adjusted or the pads need to be replaced.

TO ADJUST BRAKE

• Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and en-

gage parking brake.

• Measure distance between brake operating arm and nut “A” on brake rod.

• If distance is other than 1-1/2", loos en jam nut and turn nut “A” until dis tance becomes 1-1/2". Re tight en jam nut against nut “A”.

• Road test tractor for proper stopping distance as stated above. Readjust if nec es sary. If stopping distance is still greater than fi ve (5) feet in high est gear, further main te nance is nec es sary. Replace brake pads or contact a qualifi ed service center.

WITH PARKING BRAKE “ENGAGED”

38

42

1-1/2"

IDLER

PULLEYS RETAINER

SPRING

NUT “A”

JAM NUT

MANDREL

PULLEY

02373

FIG. 18

00238

FIG. 19

OPERATING ARM

20

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT

(See Fig. 20)

Park the tractor on level surface. En gage parking brake.

For as sis tance, there is a belt installation guide decal on bottom side of left footrest.

BELT REMOVAL -

• Remove mower (See “TO RE MOVE MOWER” in this section of manual).

NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all belt guides and keepers.

• Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.

• Remove belt downward from around en gine pulley.

• Pull belt slack toward rear of trac tor. Remove belt upwards from transaxle pulley by de fl ect ing belt keep-

ers.

• Remove belt from center span keeper and pull belt away from tractor.

BELT INSTALLATION -

• Carefully work new belt down be tween transaxle belt keepers and onto the input pulley.

• Slide belt into the center span keeper.

• Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll around the top groove of engine pulley.

idler.

• Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and in side all belt guides and keep ers.

• Install mower (See “TO IN STALL MOWER” in this sec-

tion of manual).

ENGINE

PULLEY

CLUTCHING

IDLER

CENTER SPAN

KEEPER

MENT

FIG. 20

00811

STA TION ARY

IDLER

TRANSAXLE

PULLEY

If steering wheel crossbars are not horizontal (left to right) when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steer-

ing wheel and reassemble per instructions in the Assembly section of this manual.

FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER

The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on your tractor. If damage has occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or camber, contact your nearest authorized service center/department.

TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS

(See Fig. 21)

• Block up axle securely.

• Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow wheel removal (rear wheel contains a square key - Do not lose).

• Repair tire and reassemble.

• On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub and axle. Insert square key.

• Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in axle groove.

• Replace axle cover.

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.

WASH ERS

RE TAIN ING RING

AXLE COVER

21

SQUARE KEY

(REAR WHEEL ONLY)

00663

FIG. 21

TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK BATTERY

(See Fig. 22)

WARNING: Lead-acid batteries gen-

er ate ex plo sive gases. Keep sparks, fl ame and smoking ma te ri als away from bat ter ies. Always wear eye pro tec tion when around batteries.

If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE sec-

tion of this man u al).

If “jumper ca bles” are used for emer gen cy starting, follow this pro ce dure:

IMPORTANT: YOUR TRACTOR IS EQUIPPED WITH A 12 VOLT

SYSTEM. THE OTHER VEHICLE MUST ALSO BE A 12 VOLT

SYSTEM. DO NOT USE YOUR TRACTOR BATTERY TO START

OTHER VEHICLES.

TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES -

• Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE

(+) terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to short against tractor chassis.

• Connect one end of the BLACK ca ble to the NEGA TIVE

(-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.

• Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good chassis ground, away from fuel tank and bat tery.

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE ORDER -

• BLACK cable fi rst from chassis and then from the fully charged battery.

• RED cable last from both batteries.

TER MI NAL

COVER

KEPS

NUT

HEX

BOLT

WEAK OR DEAD

BATTERY

02614

FULLY CHARGED

BATTERY

FIG. 22

REPLACING BATTERY (See Figs. 23 and 24)

WARNING: Do not short battery ter mi nals by allowing a wrench or any other object to contact both terminals at the same time. Before connecting battery, remove metal bracelets, wristwatch bands, rings, etc.

Positive terminal must be connected fi rst to prevent sparking from ac ci den tal grounding.

• Lift seat pan to raised position.

• Disconnect BLACK battery cable fi rst then RED battery cable and carefully remove battery from tractor.

• Install new battery with terminals in same position as old battery.

• First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) terminal with hex bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten securely.

Slide terminal cover over terminal.

• Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) ter-

mi nal with remaining hex bolt and keps nut. Tighten securely.

02603

POSITIVE (RED)

CABLE

NEGATIVE

(BLACK) CABLE

FIG. 24

TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB

• Raise hood.

• Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the grill.

• Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely back into the hole in the backside of the grill.

• Close hood.

INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS

Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.

• Check wiring. See electrical wiring diagram in the

Repair Parts section.

TO REPLACE FUSE

Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located behind the dash.

SEAT PAN

02602

FIG. 23

22

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY

(See Fig. 25)

• Raise hood.

• Unsnap headlight wire connector.

• Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of tractor.

• To replace, reverse above procedure.

HOOD

HEADLIGHT

WIRE

CONNECTOR

ENGINE

TO AD JUST THROTTLE CON TROL CABLE

The throttle control has been preset at the factory and ad just ment should not be necessary. If adjustment is nec-

es sary, see engine manual.

TO AD JUST CHOKE CON TROL

The choke control has been preset at the factory and ad-

just ment should not be necessary. If adjustment is necessary, see engne manual.

TO ADJUST CARBURETOR

Your carburetor is not adjustable. If your engine does not operate properly due to suspected carburetor problems, take your tractor to an authorized service center for repair and/or adjustment.

02778

FIG. 25

23

STORAGE

Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.

WARNING: Never store the trac tor with gas o line in the tank inside a building where fumes may reach an open fl ame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any en clo sure.

TRACTOR

Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thor oughly, remove all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.

• Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING” in the Main te nance section of this manual).

• Inspect and replace belts, if necessary (See belt re-

place ment instructions in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual).

• Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance section of this man ual.

• Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely fastened. Inspect moving parts for damage, breakage and wear. Replace if necessary.

• Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand lightly before painting.

BATTERY

• Fully charge the battery for storage.

• After a period of time in storage, battery may require recharging.

• To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during long periods of storage, battery cables should be dis-

con nect ed and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO

CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in the Maintenance sec tion of this manual).

• After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place cables where they cannot come in contact with battery terminals.

• If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.

ENGINE

FUEL SYSTEM

IMPORTANT: IT IS IMPORTANT TO PREVENT GUM DEPOSITS

FROM FORMING IN ES SEN TIAL FUEL SYSTEM PARTS SUCH

DURING STORAGE. ALSO, EXPERIENCE INDICATES THAT

ALCOHOL BLENDED FUELS (CALLED GASOHOL OR USING

ETHANOL OR METHANOL) CAN ATTRACT MOIS TURE WHICH

LEADS TO SEPARATION AND FOR MA TION OF ACIDS DURING

STOR AGE. ACIDIC GAS CAN DAMAGE THE FUEL SYSTEM

OF AN ENGINE WHILE IN STORAGE.

• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.

• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

• Use fresh fuel next season.

NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in minimizing the formation of fuel gum deposits during stor age.

Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container.

Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container.

Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.

ENGINE OIL

Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this man ual).

CYLINDER(S)

• Remove spark plug(s).

• Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).

• Turn ignition key to “START” position for a few seconds to distribute oil.

• Replace with new spark plug(s).

OTHER

• Do not store gasoline from one season to another.

• Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust.

Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.

• If possible, store your tractor indoors and cover it to give protection from dust and dirt.

• Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot breathe which allows condensation to form and will cause your tractor to rust.

IMPORTANT: NEVER COVER TRACTOR WHILE EN GINE AND

EXHAUST AREAS ARE STILL WARM.

24

TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS

PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION

Will not start 1. Out of fuel. 1. Fill fuel tank.

2. Engine not “CHOKED” properly. 2. See “TO START ENGINE” in Operation section.

3. Engine fl ooded. 3. Wait several minutes before attempting to start.

4. Bad spark plug. 4. Replace spark plug.

5. Dirty air fi lter. 5. Clean/replace air fi lter.

6. Dirty fuel fi lter. 6. Replace fuel fi lter.

7. Water in fuel. 7. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refi ll tank with fresh

gasoline and replace fuel fi lter.

8. Loose or damaged wiring. 8. Check all wiring.

9. Carburetor out of adjustment. 9. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

section.

10. Engine valves out of adjustment. 10. Contact an authorized service center/department.

Hard to start 1. Dirty air fi lter. 1. Clean/replace air fi lter.

2. Bad spark plug. 2. Replace spark plug.

3. Weak or dead battery. 3. Recharge or replace battery.

4. Dirty fuel fi lter. 4. Replace fuel fi lter.

5. Stale or dirty fuel. 5. Empty fuel tank and refi ll tank with fresh, clean gasoline.

6. Loose or damaged wiring. 6. Check all wiring.

7. Carburetor out of adjustment. 7. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

section.

8. Engine valves out of adjustment. 8. Contact an authorized service center/department.

Engine will not turn over 1. Clutch/brake pedal not depressed. 1. Depress clutch/brake pedal.

2. Attachment clutch is engaged. 2. Disengage attachment clutch.

3. Weak or dead battery. 3. Recharge or replace battery.

4. Blown fuse. 4. Replace fuse.

5. Corroded battery terminals. 5. Clean battery terminals.

6. Loose or damaged wiring. 6. Check all wiring.

7. Faulty ignition switch. 7. Check/replace ignition switch.

8. Faulty solenoid or starter. 8. Check/replace solenoid or starter.

9. Faulty operator presence switch(es). 9. Contact an authorized service center/department.

Engine clicks but will not 1. Weak or dead battery. 1. Recharge or replace battery.

start 2. Corroded battery terminals. 2. Clean battery terminals.

3. Loose or damaged wiring. 3. Check all wiring.

4. Faulty solenoid or starter. 4. Check/replace solenoid or starter.

Loss of power 1. Cutting too much grass/too fast. 1. Raise cutting height/reduce speed.

2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position. 2. Adjust throttle control.

3. Build-up of grass, leaves and trash under mower. 3. Clean underside of mower housing.

4. Dirty air fi lter. 4. Clean/replace air fi lter.

5. Low oil level/dirty oil. 5. Check oil level/change oil.

6. Faulty spark plug. 6. Clean and regap or change spark plug.

7. Dirty fuel fi lter. 7. Replace fuel fi lter.

8. Stale or dirty fuel. 8. Empty fuel tank and refi ll tank with fresh, clean gasoline.

9. Water in fuel. 9. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refi ll tank with fresh

gasoline and replace fuel fi lter.

10. Spark plug wire loose. 10. Connect and tighten spark plug wire.

11. Dirty engine air screen/fi ns. 11. Clean engine air screen/fi ns.

12. Dirty/clogged muffl er. 12. Clean/replace muffl er.

13. Loose or damaged wiring. 13. Check all wiring.

14. Carburetor out of adjustment. 14. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in Service Adjustments

section.

15. Engine valves out of adjustment. 15. Contact an authorized service center/department.

Excessive vibration 1. Worn, bent or loose blade. 1. Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.

2. Bent blade mandrel. 2. Replace blade mandrel.

3. Loose/damaged part(s). 3. Tighten loose part(s). Replace damaged parts.

25

TROUBLESHOOTING POINTS

Engine continues to run 1. Faulty operator-safety presence control system. 1. Check wiring, switches and connections. If not

when operator leaves seat corrected, contact an authorized service center/

with attachment clutch department.

engaged

Poor cut - uneven 1. Worn, bent or loose blade. 1. Replace blade. Tighten blade bolt.

2. Mower deck not level. 2. Level mower deck.

3. Buildup of grass, leaves, and trash under mower. 3. Clean underside of mower housing.

4. Bent blade mandrel. 4. Replace blade mandrel.

5. Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of 5. Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.

grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.

Mower blades will not 1. Obstruction in clutch mechanism. 1. Remove obstruction.

rotate 2. Worn/damaged mower drive belt. 2. Replace mower drive belt.

3. Frozen idler pulley. 3. Replace idler pulley.

4. Frozen blade mandrel. 4. Replace blade mandrel.

Poor grass discharge 1. Engine speed too slow. 1. Place throttle control in “FAST” position.

2. Travel speed too fast. 2. Shift to slower speed.

3. Wet grass. 3. Allow grass to dry before mowing.

4. Mower deck not level. 4. Level mower deck.

5. Low/uneven tire air pressure. 5. Check tires for proper air pressure.

6. Worn, bent or loose blade. 6. Replace/sharpen blade. Tighten blade bolt.

7. Buildup of grass, leaves and trash under mower. 7. Clean underside of mower housing.

8. Mower drive belt worn. 8. Replace mower drive belt.

9. Blades improperly installed. 9. Reinstall blades sharp edge down.

10. Improper blades used. 10. Replace with blades listed in this manual.

11. Clogged mower deck vent holes from buildup of 11. Clean around mandrels to open vent holes.

grass, leaves, and trash around mandrels.

Headlight(s) not working 1. Switch is “OFF”. 1. Turn switch “ON”.

(if so equipped) 2. Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out. 2. Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).

3. Faulty light switch. 3. Check/replace light switch.

4. Loose or damaged wiring. 4. Check wiring and connections.

5. Blown fuse. 5. Replace fuse.

Battery will not charge 1. Bad battery cell(s). 1. Replace battery.

2. Poor cable connections. 2. Check/clean all connections.

3. Faulty regulator (if so equipped). 3. Replace regulator.

4. Faulty alternator. 4. Replace alternator.

Engine “backfi res” when 1. Engine throttle control not set at “SLOW” 1. Move throttle control to “SLOW” position and allow

turning engine “OFF” position for 30 seconds before stopping engine. to idle for 30 seconds before stopping engine.

26

LIMITED WARRANTY

The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and work man ship. For a period of two (2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any part which we fi nd to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions.

1. This warranty does not apply to the engine, other than EHP manufactured transaxle/transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.

2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of the pur chaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such return is requested by Electrolux Home Products.

3. Battery Warranty: On products equipped with a Battery, we will replace, without charge to you, any battery which we fi nd to be defective in manufacture, during the fi rst ninety (90) days of ownership. After ninety (90) days, we will exchange the Battery, charging you 1/12 of the price of a new Battery for each full month from the date of the original sale. Battery must be maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished.

4. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase.

5. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and main-

tained in ac cor dance with the instructions furnished. This Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of the product.

6. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, blades, blade adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, stan dard hardware and normal maintenance.

7. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer.

Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:

Electrolux Home Products, Inc.

Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept.

250 Bobby Jones Expressway

Augusta, GA 30909 USA

In Canada contact:

Electrolux Canada Corp.

7075 Ordan Drive

Mississauga, Ontario

L5T 1K6 giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased.

THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WAR RAN -

TIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specifi c legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from locale to locale.

This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defi ned in the Magnuson-Moss Act of 1975.

42

SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION

FOLD ALONG DOTTED LINE

THIS IS A 15 DEGREE SLOPE

ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,

NOT ACROSS HILL

15 DEGREES MAX.

WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when changing direction on slopes.

1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.

2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree

trunk or other upright structure.

3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.

4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.

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