Poulan 191616 Lawn Mower User Manual

Poulan 191616 Lawn Mower User Manual

MODEL NO. CO18542STA

18.5 HP 42 INCH

LAWN TRACTOR

• Assembly

• Operation

• Maintenance

Service Adjustments

• Storage

• Troubleshooting

For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor: call 1-800-849-1297 For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886

191616 Rev. 3 8.11.04 TR/MH

PRINTED IN U.S.A.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Warranty ................................................ 2

Safety Rules .......................................... 3

Product Specifi cations ........................... 6

Assembly/Pre-Operation ....................... 8

Operation............................................. 11

Maintenance Schedule ........................ 17

Maintenance ........................................ 17

Service and Adjustments..................... 20

Storage ................................................ 25

Troubleshooting ................................... 26

Repair Parts......................................... 30

WARRANTY

LIMITED WARRANTY

The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as manufactured is free from defects in materials and work man ship. For a period of two

(2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any part which we fi nd to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is subject to the following limitations and exclusions.

1. This warranty does not apply to the engine, other than EHP manufactured transaxle/ transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.

2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment are the responsibility of the pur chaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such return is requested by Electrolux Home Products.

3. Battery Warranty: On products equipped with a Battery, we will replace, without charge to you, any battery which we fi nd to be defective in manufacture, during the fi rst ninety (90) days of ownership. After ninety (90) days, we will exchange the Battery, charging you 1/12 of the price of a new Battery for each full month from the date of the original sale. Battery must be maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished.

4. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase.

5. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and main tained in ac cor dance with the instructions furnished. This

Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of the product.

6. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, blades, blade adapters, normal wear, normal adjustments, stan dard hardware and normal maintenance.

7. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an authorized service dealer.

Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:

Electrolux Home Products, Inc.

Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept.

250 Bobby Jones Expressway

Augusta, GA 30909 USA

In Canada contact:

Electrolux Canada Corp.

7075 Ordan Drive

Mississauga, Ontario

L5T 1K6 giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased.

THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL

DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WAR RAN TIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME

PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied

Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This

Warranty gives you specifi c legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from locale to locale.

This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defi ned in the Magnuson-

Moss Act of 1975.

2

SAFETY RULES

IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is ca pa ble of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the fol low ing safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.

WARNING: In order to prevent ac-

ci den tal starting when setting up, trans-

port ing, ad just ing or making repairs, always dis con nect spark plug wire and place wire where it can not contact spark plug.

WARNING: Do not coast down a hill in neutral, you may lose control of the tractor.

WARNING: Tow only the at tach ments that are rec om mend ed by and comply with spec i fi ca tions of the man u fac tur er of your tractor. Use common sense when towing.

Operate only at the lowest possible speed when on a slope. Too heavy of a load, while on a slope, is dan ger ous. Tires can lose trac tion with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

WARNING: Engine exhaust, some of its constituents, and certain vehicle com po nents contain or emit chem i cals known to the State of Cal i for nia to cause can cer and birth defects or oth er re pro ductive harm.

WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to the

State of Cal i for nia to cause can cer and birth defects or oth er re pro duc tive harm.

Wash hands after handling.

• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the mower without either the entire grass catcher or the guard in place.

• Slow down before turning.

• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blades, set parking brake, stop engine, and remove keys before dismounting.

• Turn off blades when not mowing.

• Stop engine before removing grass catcher or un clog ging chute.

• Mow only in daylight or good artifi cial light.

• Do not operate the machine while under the infl uence of alcohol or drugs.

• Watch for traffi c when operating near or crossing road ways.

• Use extra care when loading or un-

load ing the machine into a trailer or truck.

• Data indicates that operators, age 60 years and above, are involved in a large percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate their ability to operate the riding mower safely enough to protect them selves and others from serious injury.

• Keep machine free of grass , leaves or other debris build-up which can touch

hot exhaust / engine parts and burn . Do not allow the mower deck to plow leaves or other debris which can cause buildup to occur. Clean any oil or fuel spillage before operating or storing the machine . Allow machine to cool before storage.

I. GENERAL OPERATION

• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine before starting.

• Only allow responsible adults, who are familiar with the in struc tions, to operate the machine.

• Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire, etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the blade.

• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mow ing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

• Never carry passengers.

• Do not mow in reverse unless ab so lute ly necessary. Always look down and behind before and while back ing.

II. SLOPE OPERATION

Slopes are a major factor related to lossof-control and tipover accidents, which can re sult in severe injury or death. All slopes require extra caution. If you cannot back up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do not mow it.

DO:

• Mow up and down slopes, not across.

• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

3

SAFETY RULES

• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.

Tall grass can hide ob sta cles.

• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

• Follow the manufacturer’s rec om men da tions for wheel weights or coun ter weights to improve stability.

• Use extra care with grass catchers or other at tach ments. These can change the stability of the machine.

• Keep all movement on the slopes slow and gradual. Do not make sudden changes in speed or direction.

• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

DO NOT:

Do not turn on slopes unless nec es sary, and then, turn slowly and grad u al ly downhill, if possible.

Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments. The mower could suddenly turn over if a wheel is over the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge caves in.

• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced traction could cause sliding.

• Do not try to stabilize the machine by putting your foot on the ground.

• Do not use grass catcher on steep slopes.

III. CHILDREN

Tragic accidents can occur if the op er a tor is not alert to the presence of children.

Children are often attracted to the ma-

chine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you last saw them.

• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

• Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

• Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

• Never allow children to operate the machine.

• Use extra care when approaching blind corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.

IV. SERVICE

• Use extra care in handling gasoline and other fuels. They are fl ammable and vapors are explosive.

- Use only an approved container.

- Never remove gas cap or add fuel with the engine running. Allow engine to cool before refueling. Do not smoke.

- Never refuel the machine indoors.

- Never store the machine or fuel container inside where there is an open fl ame, such as a water heater.

• Never run a machine inside a closed area.

• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.

• Never tamper with safety devices.

Check their proper op er a tion regularly.

• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel spillage. Allow machine to cool before storing.

• Stop and inspect the equipment if you strike an object. Repair, if necessary, before restarting.

• Never make adjustments or repairs with the engine run ning.

• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, dam age, and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check com po nents and replace with manufacturer's rec om mend ed parts, when nec es sary.

• Mower blades are sharp and can cut.

Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when servicing them.

• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.

4

SAFETY RULES

• Be sure the area is clear of other people before mowing. Stop machine if anyone enters the area.

• Never carry passengers or children even with the blades off.

• Do not mow in reverse unless ab so lute ly necessary. Al ways look down and behind before and while backing.

• Never carry children. They may fall off and be seriously injured or interfere with safe machine operation.

• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the watchful care of another responsible adult.

• Be alert and turn machine off if children enter the area.

• Before and when backing, look behind and down for small children.

• Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not across.

• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree limbs, etc.

• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine. Tall grass can hide obstacles.

• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear so that you will not have to stop or shift while on the slope.

• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If tires lose traction, disengage the blades and proceed slowly straight down the slope.

• If machine stops while going uphill, disengage blades, shift into reverse and back down slowly.

• Do not turn on slopes unless nec es sary, and then, turn slowly and grad u al ly downhill, if possible.

5

PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS

Gasoline 4.0

Capacity and Unleaded

Type: Regular

Oil Type SAE 30 (above 32°F)

(API-SG-SL): SAE 5W-30(below 32°F)

Oil Capacity: W/Filter: 3.5 Pints

W/O Filter: 3.0 Pints

Spark Plug:

(Gap: .030")

Champion RC12YC

Ground Speed (MPH):

Forward: 1st

2nd

CUSTOMER RE SPON SI BIL I TIES

• Read and observe the safety rules.

• Follow a regular schedule in main-

tain ing, caring for and using your tractor.

• Follow the instructions under “Main te nance” and “Stor age” sec tions of this own er’s manual.

WARNING: This tractor is equipped with an internal combustion engine and should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or grass-covered land unless the engine’s exhaust system is equipped with a spark should be maintained in effective working order by the op er a tor.

5th

6th

Tire Pressure: Front: 14 PSI

Charging

System:

Battery:

9 Amps @ 3600 RPM

Amp/Hr: 28

Min. CCA: 230

Case Size: U1R

Blade Bolt Torque: 27-35 Ft. Lbs.

CONGRATULATIONS on your pur chase of a new tractor. It has been designed, en gi neered and man u fac tured to give you the best pos si ble de pend abil i ty and per for mance.

Should you experience any problem you cannot easily remedy, please con tact your nearest authorized service center/ department We have competent, welltrained tech ni cians and the prop er tools to service or repair this trac tor.

Please read and retain this manual. The instructions will enable you to as sem ble and maintain your tractor prop er ly. Always observe the “SAFE TY RULES”.

states may have similar laws. Federal laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffl er is available through your nearest authorized service center/department (See REPAIR PARTS section of this manual).

6

UNASSEMBLED PARTS

Steering Wheel

Steering

Wheel Insert

(1) Hex Bolt 1/4-28 x 1-1/4

Steering Wheel

Adapter

(1) Large Flat Washer

Steering Sleeve

Extension

Steering Sleeve

(1) Hex nut 1/2-20

Seat

(1) Oil Drain Tube

For Future Use

Keys

(2) Keys

(1) Washer

17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge

(1) Knob

Slope Sheet

7

ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION

Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor all parts and hardware you as sem ble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools as nec es sary to in sure proper tightness. Review the video cassette before you begin.

TOOLS REQUIRED FOR

ASSEMBLY

A socket wrench set will make assembly easier. Stan dard wrench sizes you need are listed below.

(1) 3/4" wrench (1) Pliers

(2) 7/16" wrench (1) Utility knife

(1) Tire pressure gauge

When right or left hand is mentioned in this man ual, it means, from your point of view, when you are in the op er at ing po sition (seat ed be hind the steer ing wheel).

TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM

CARTON

UNPACK CARTON

1. Remove all accessible loose parts and parts boxes from carton.

2. Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and lay side panels fl at.

3. Check for any additional loose parts or cartons and remove.

BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR

FROM SKID

ATTACH STEERING WHEEL

1. Remove locknut and large fl at wash er from steering shaft.

2. Position front wheels of the tractor so they are pointing straight forward.

3. Slide the steering sleeve over the steering shaft.

4. Align tabs and press steering sleeve ex ten sion into bottom of steering wheel.

5. Position steering wheel so cross bars are horizontal (left to right) and slide onto steering wheel adapter.

6. Secure steering wheel to steering shaft with locknut and large fl at wash er pre vi ous ly removed. Tighten securely.

7. Snap steering wheel insert into center of steering wheel.

8. Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.

IMPORTANT: Check for and remove any staples in skid that may puncture tires where tractor is to roll off skid.

Steering Wheel

Steering

Wheel Extention

Steering

Shaft

Steering

Sleeve

Lock Nut

Large Flat

Washer

Steering

Wheel

Adaptor

Tabs

CHECK BATTERY

1. Lift hood to raised position.

NOTE: If this battery is put into service after month and year indicated on label

(label located between terminals) charge battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10 amps. (See "BATTERY" in Maintenance section of this manual for charging instructions).

02173

Steering Wheel

Insert

Label

02143

INSTALL SEAT

Adjust seat before tightening adjustment knob.

1. Remove adjustment knob and fl at washer securing seat to cardboard packing and set aside for assembly of seat to tractor.

8

2. Pivot seat upward and remove from the cardboard packing. Remove the cardboard packing and discard.

3. Place seat on seat pan so head of shoulder bolt is positioned over large slotted hole in pan.

4. Push down on seat to engage shoulder bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of tractor.

5. Pivot seat and pan forward and as-

sem ble adjustment knob and fl at washer loosely. Do not tighten.

6. Lower seat into operating position and sit in seat.

7. Slide seat until a comfortable position is reached which allows you to press clutch/brake pedal all the way down.

8. Get off seat without moving its ad-

just ed position.

9. Raise seat and tighten adjustment knob securely.

Seat Pan

2466

Seat

Shoulder

Bolt

TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID (See

Op er a tion section for location and func tion of con trols)

WARNING: Before starting, read, un-

der stand and follow all in struc tions in the

Operation section of this manual. Be sure tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure the area in front of tractor is clear of other people and objects.

1. Be sure all the above assembly steps have been com plet ed.

2. Check engine oil level and fi ll fuel tank with gasoline.

3. Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set the parking brake.

4. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

5. Press lift lever plunger and raise at tach ment lift lever to its highest position.

6. Start the engine. After engine has started, move throttle control to idle position.

7. Depress clutch/brake pedal into full

"BRAKE" position and hold. Move gearshift lever to 1st gear.

8. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and slowly drive tractor off skid.

9. Apply brake to stop tractor, set parking brake and place gearshift lever in neutral position.

10. Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.

Continue with the instructions that follow.

Flat Washer

INSTALL MULCHER PLATE

Adjustment Knob

02464

NOTE: You may now roll or drive your tractor off the skid. Follow the ap pro pri ate instruction below to remove the tractor from the skid.

TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See

Op er a tion section for location and function of con trols)

1. Press lift lever plunger and raise at tach ment lift lever to its highest po-

si tion.

2. Release parking brake by depressing clutch/brake ped al.

3. Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) po si tion.

4. Roll tractor forward off skid.

5. Remove banding holding defl ector shield up against tractor.

9

(If previously removed)

1. Raise and hold defl ector shield in up right po si tion.

2. Place front of mulcher plate over front of mower deck open ing and slide into place, as shown.

3. Hook front latch into hole on front of mower deck.

4. Hook rear latch into hole on back of mower deck.

CAUTION: Do not remove defl ector shield from mow er.

02114

Latch

Hooks

Defl ector

Shield

Mulcher Plate

TO CONVERT TO BAGGING OR

DISCHARGING

Simply remove mulcher plate and store in a safe place. Your mower is now ready for discharging or installation of optional grass catcher accessory.

NOTE: It is not necessary to change blades. The mulching blades are de signed for discharging and bagging also.

REPOSITION RIGHT REAR GAUGE

WHEEL

For shipping purposes, the right rear gauge wheel assembly is mounted upside down on the mower. Remove the gauge wheel assembly and reinstall from the bottom as shown. To adjust gauge wheels, see the Op er a tion section in this manual.

019

77

CHECK TIRE PRESSURE

The tires on your tractor were over in fl ated at the factory for shipping pur pos es.

Correct tire pressure is important for best cutting performance.

• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in

“PRODUCT SPEC I FI CA TIONS” section of this manual.

CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION

OF ALL BELTS

See the fi gures that are shown for replacing motion and mower blade drive belts in the Service and Adjustments sec tion of this manual. Verify that the belts are routed correctly.

CHECK DECK LEVELNESS

For best cutting results, mower housing should be properly leveled. See “TO

LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM

After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

✓CHECKLIST

Before you operate your new trac tor, we wish to assure that you receive the best per for mance and sat is fac tion from this

Quality Prod uct.

Please review the following checklist:

✓ All assembly instructions have been completed.

✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.

✓ Battery is properly prepared and charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).

✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.

✓ All tires are properly infl ated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinfl ated at the factory).

✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting results. (Tires must be properly infl ated for leveling).

✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure they are routed properly around pulleys and inside all belt keepers.

✓ Check wiring. See that all con nec tions are still secure and wires are properly clamped.

While learning how to use your tractor, pay extra attention to the following important items:

✓ Engine oil is at proper level.

✓ Fuel tank is fi lled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline.

✓ Become familiar with all controls, their location and function. Operate them before you start the engine.

✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.

10

OPERATION

These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.

Learn and understand their meaning.

REVERSE

ENGINE OFF

NEUTRAL

LIGHTS ON

HIGH LOW

CHOKE

FAST SLOW

IGNITION

ENGINE ON

ENGINE START

P

PARKING BRAKE PARKING BRAKE

LOCKED

PARKING BRAKE

UNLOCKED

OVER TEMP

LIGHT

FUEL

OIL PRESSURE BATTERY

REVERSE FORWARD

MOWER HEIGHT MOWER LIFT

15

15

ATTACHMENT

CLUTCH ENGAGED

ATTACHMENT

CLUTCH DISENGAGED

DANGER, KEEP HANDS

AND FEET AWAY

KEEP AREA CLEAR

SLOPE HAZARDS

(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)

FREE WHEEL

(Automatic Models only)

Failure to follow instructions could result in serious injury or death. The safety alert symbol is used to identify safety information about hazards which can result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

could result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

might result in minor or moderate injury.

CAUTION when used without the alert symbol, indicates a situation that could result in damage

to the tractor and/or engine.

HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which, if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury

and/or property damage.

FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,

could result in death, serious injury and/or property damage.

11

KNOW YOUR TRACTOR

READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR

TRACTOR

Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of various controls and ad just ments. Save this manual for future reference.

Hour meter

Ammeter

Throttle/Choke

Control

Clutch/Brake

Pedal

Ignition Switch

Light Switch Position

Attachment

Clutch Switch

Lift Lever

Plunger

Attachment

Lift Lever

Gearshift Lever

Parking Brake Lever

02802

Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the

American National Stan dards Institute.

ATTACHMENT CLUTCH SWITCH - Used to en gage the mower blades or other at-

tach ments mounted to your trac tor.

ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to raise, lower, and adjust the mower deck or other attachments mounted to your tractor.

CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for declutching and brak ing the tractor and starting the engine.

GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed and direction of tractor.

IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting and stopping the engine.

LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to re lease attachment lift lever when chang ing its position.

LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the head lights on and off.

PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks clutch/ brake pedal into the brake po si tion.

THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used for starting and controlling engine speed.

AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or discharging (-) of battery.

HOURMETER - Indicates hours of op-

er a tion.

12

Clutch/

Brake

Pedal

00155

The op er a tion of any trac tor can result in foreign objects thrown into the eyes, which can result in severe eye dam age. Al ways wear safety glass es or eye shields while op er at ing your trac tor or per form ing any ad just ments or repairs. We rec om mend a wide vi sion safe ty mask over spec ta cles or stan dard safety glass es.

HOW TO USE YOUR TRAC TOR

TO SET PARKING BRAKE

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sens ing switch. When engine is running, any attempt by the op er a tor to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake will shut off the engine.

1. Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and hold.

2. Pull parking brake lever up and re lease pres sure from clutch/brake pedal. Pedal should re main in brake position. Make sure parking brake will hold tractor secure.

Push in to

“Disengage”

Throttle/

Choke

Control

02749

Attachment Clutch Switch

Pull out to “Engage"

Ignition

Key

“Brake”

Position

“Disengaged”

Position

Parking

Brake

“Engaged”

Position

STOPPING

Gearshift

Lever

MOWER BLADES -

• To stop mower blades, push at tach ment clutch switch in to dis en gaged position.

GROUND DRIVE -

• To stop ground drive, depress clutch/ brake pedal all the way down.

• Move gearshift lever to neutral (N) position.

ENGINE -

• Move throttle control between half and full speed (fast) position.

NOTE: Failure to move throttle control between half and full speed (fast) position, before stopping, may cause engine to “backfi re”.

• Turn ignition key to “STOP” position and remove key. Always remove key when leaving tractor to prevent un au tho rized use.

• Never use choke to stop engine.

IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch in any position other than "STOP" will cause the battery to discharge and go dead.

NOTE: Under certain conditions when tractor is standing idle with the engine running, hot engine exhaust gases may cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate this possibility, always stop engine when stopping tractor on grass areas.

CAUTION: Always stop tractor com plete ly, as described above, before leav ing the op er a tor's position.

TO USE THROTTLE CON TROL

Always operate engine at full throttle.

• Operating engine at less than full throttle reduces the battery charg ing rate.

• Full throttle of fers the best bagging and mower per for mance.

TO MOVE FORWARD AND

BACKWARD

The direction and speed of movement is controlled by the gearshift lever.

1. Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal depressed and gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.

2. Move gearshift lever to desired po si tion.

3. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to start movement.

IMPORTANT: Bring tractor to a complete stop before shifting or changing gears.

Failure to do so will shorten the useful life of your transaxle.

TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT

The position of the attachment lift lever determines the cutting height.

• Grasp lift lever.

• Press plunger with thumb and move lever to desired position.

The cutting height range is ap prox i-

mate ly 1-1/2 to 4". The heights are measured from the ground to the blade tip with the engine not running. These heights are approximate and may vary depending upon soil conditions, height of grass and types of grass being mowed.

13

• The average lawn should be cut to ap-

prox i mate ly 2-1/2 inches during the cool season and to over 3 inches during hot months. For healthier and better looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.

• For best cutting performance, grass over

6 inches in height should be mowed twice. Make the fi rst cut relatively high; the second to desired height.

TO STOP MOWER BLADES - disengage at tach ment clutch con trol.

CAUTION: Do not operate the mower without either the en tire grass catcher, on mowers so equipped, or the defl ector shield in place.

Attachemnt

Attachment Clutch Switch

“Engaged” Position

Lift Lever

High Position

TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS

Gauge wheels are properly adjusted when they are slightly off the ground when mower is at the desired cutting height in operating position. Gauge wheels then keep the deck in proper position to help prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.

NOTE: Be sure tractor is on a fl at level surface.

1. Lower mower and adjust mower to desired cutting height(See “TO AD JUST

MOWER CUT TING HEIGHT” in this sec tion of manual).

2. Remove retainer spring and clevis pin which secure each gauge wheel bar.

3. Lower gauge wheels to ground. Raise gauge wheels slightly to align holes in bracket and gauge wheel bar and insert clevis pin. Gauge wheels should be slightly off the ground.

4. Replace retainer spring into clevis pin.

5. Be sure all gauge wheels are in the same setting.

IMPORTANT: Be sure to readjust gauge wheels if you change the cutting height of the mower deck.

Retainer spring

019

77

“Disengaged”

Position

TO OPERATE ON HILLS

02

66

1

Low

Position

Defl ector

Shield

WARNING: Do not drive up or down hills with slopes great er than 15° and do not drive across any slope. Use the slope guide provided at the back of this manual.

• Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.

• Avoid stopping or changing speed on hills.

• If slowing is necessary, move throt tle control lever to slower position.

• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.

• Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be sure you have allowed room for trac tor to roll slightly as you restart movement.

• To restart movement, slowly re lease parking brake and clutch/brake ped al.

• Make all turns slowly.

Clevis

Pin

TO TRANSPORT

TO OPERATE MOWER

Your tractor is equipped with an operator presence sensing switch. Any attempt by the operator to leave the seat with the engine running and the attachment clutch engaged will shut off the engine. You must remain fully and centrally positioned in the seat to prevent the engine from hesitating or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.

1. Select desired height of cut.

2. Start mower blades by engaging at-

tach ment clutch control.

14

• Raise attachment lift to highest position with at tach ment lift control.

• When pushing or towing your trac tor, be sure gearshift lever is in neutral (N) position.

• Do not push or tow tractor at more than fi ve (5) MPH.

NOTE: To protect hood from damage when transporting your tractor on a truck or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and secured to tractor. Use an appropriate means of tying hood to tractor (rope, cord, etc.).

TOWING CARTS AND OTHER AT TACH -

TO START ENGINE

MENTS

Tow only the attachments that are rec om mend ed by and comply with spec i fi ca tions of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use common sense when tow ing. Too heavy of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous.

Tires can lose traction with the ground and cause you to lose control of your tractor.

BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE

CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL

The engine in your tractor has been shipped, from the factory, already fi lled with sum mer weight oil.

1. Check engine oil with tractor on level ground.

2. Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick and wipe clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If nec es sary, add oil until “FULL” mark on dipstick is reached. Do not overfi ll.

• For cold weather operation you should change oil for easier starting (See “OIL

VISCOSITY CHART” in the Main te nance sec tion of this man u al).

• To change engine oil, see the Main te nance section in this manual.

When starting the engine for the fi rst time or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will take extra cranking time to move fuel from the tank to the engine.

1. Sit on seat in operating position, depress clutch/brake pedal and set parking brake.

2. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

3. Move attachment clutch to dis en gaged po si tion.

4. Move throttle control to choke po si tion.

NOTE: Before starting, read the warm and cold starting procedures below.

5. Insert key into ignition and turn key clockwise to start position and release key as soon as engine starts. Do not run starter continuously for more than fi fteen sec onds per minute. If the engine does not start after several attempts, move throt tle control to fast position, wait a few minutes and try again. If engine still does not start, move the throttle control back to the choke position and retry.

WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and above)

ADD GASOLINE

• Fill fuel tank to bottom of fi ller neck. Do not overfi ll. Use fresh, clean, regular un lead ed gasoline with a minimum of

87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will increase carbon and lead oxide deposits and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quan-

ti ties that can be used within 30 days to assure fuel freshness.

CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline near an open fl ame.

IMPORTANT: When operating in temperatures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean winter grade gas o line to help insure good cold weather start ing.

CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels

(called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and for ma tion of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage. To avoid engine problems, the fuel system should be emptied before stor age of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas tank, start the engine and let it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use fresh fuel next season. See Storage In struc tions for additional information. Never use engine or carburetor cleaner products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

15

6. When engine starts, move the throt tle control to the fast position.

• The attachments and ground drive can now be used. If the engine does not accept the load, restart the en gine and allow it to warm up for one minute using the choke as de scribed above.

COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50° F and below)

6. When engine starts, leave throttle control in choke position until engine warms up and begins to run roughly. Once rough running begins, im me di ate ly move the throttle control to the fast position. Engine warm-up may take from several seconds to several minutes (the colder the tem-

per a ture, the longer the warm-up).

• The attachments can also be used during the engine warm-up period.

NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000 feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F) the carburetor fuel mixture may need to be adjusted for best engine performance

(see “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the

Service and Adjustments section of this manual).

MOWING TIPS

• Mower should be properly leveled for best mowing performance. See “TO

LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the

Service and Adjustments sec tion of this manual.

• The left hand side of mower should be used for trim ming.

• Drive so that clippings are dis charged onto the area that has already been cut. Have the cut area to the right of the tractor. This will result in a more even dis tri bu tion of clippings and more uniform cutting.

• When mowing large areas, start by turning to the right so that clippings will discharge away from shrubs, fences, driveways, etc. After one or two rounds, mow in the opposite direction making left hand turns until fi nished.

IMPORTANT: For best performance, keep mower housing free of built-up grass and trash. Clean after each use.

• The spe cial mulch ing blade will re cut the grass clip pings many times and reduce them in size so that as they fall onto the lawn they will disperse into the grass and not be noticed. Also, the mulched grass will biodegrade quick ly to provide nutrients for the lawn. Always mulch with your highest engine (blade) speed as this will pro vide the best recutting action of the blades.

• Avoid cutting your lawn when it is wet.

Wet grass tends to form clumps and interferes with the mulch ing action. The best time to mow your lawn is the early afternoon. At this time the grass has dried, yet the newly cut area will not be exposed to direct sunlight.

For best results, adjust the mower cutting height so that the mower cuts off only the top one-third of the grass blades. For ex tremely heavy grass, re-

duce your width of cut on each pass and mow slow ly.

00272

• If grass is extremely tall, it should be mowed twice to reduce load and possible fi re hazard from dried clip pings.

Make fi rst cut relatively high; the second to the desired height.

• Do not mow grass when it is wet.

Wet grass will plug mower and leave undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry before mowing.

Always operate engine at full throt tle

when mowing to assure better mow-

ing performance and proper dis charge of material. Regulate ground speed by se lect ing a low enough gear to give the mower cut ting per for mance as well as the quality of cut desired.

• When operating attachments, se lect a ground speed that will suit the terrain and give best performance of the at-

tach ment being used.

MAX 1/3

mulcher_9

• Certain types of grass and grass con di tions may re quire that an area be mulched a second time to com pletely hide the clippings. When doing a sec-

ond cut, mow across (per pen dic u lar) to the fi rst cut path.

• Change your cutting pattern from week to week. Mow north to south one week then change to east to west the next week. This will help prevent matting and graining of the lawn.

16

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE

FILL IN DATES

AS YOU COMPLETE

REGULAR SERVICE

USE

EACH

HOURS

50

HOURS

100

HOURS

SEASON

STORAGE

BEFORE EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY EVERY

BEFORE

SERVICE DATES

T

0

R

T

R

A

C

Check Brake Operation

Check Tire Pressure

Check Operator Presence and

Interlock Systems

Check for Loose Fasteners

Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades

Lubrication Chart

Check Battery Level

Clean Battery and Terminals

Check Transaxle Cooling

Check V-Belts

Check Engine Oil Level

Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)

E

N

G

I

N

E

Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)

Clean Air Filter

Clean Air Screen

Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester

Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)

Clean Engine Cooling Fins

Replace Spark Plug

Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge

Replace Fuel Filter

1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or in high ambient temperatures.

2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.

4

3

1,2

2

2

1,2

5

1

, 2

2

2

3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.

4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.

5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.

Do not overtighten.

GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

The warranty on this tractor does not cover items that have been subjected to operator abuse or negligence. To receive full value from the warranty, operator must main tain tractor as instructed in this manual.

Some adjustments will need to be made periodically to properly maintain your tractor.

At least once a season, check to see if you should make any of the adjustments described in the Service and Adjustments section of this manual.

• At least once a year you should replace the spark plug, clean or replace air fi lter, and check blades and belts for wear.

A new spark plug and clean air fi lter assure proper air-fuel mixture and help your engine run better and last longer.

Spindle

Zerk

Front

Wheel

Bearing zerk

LUBRICATION CHART

Spindle

Zerk

01961

SAE 30 or 10w30 Motor Oil

General Purpose Grease

Front Wheel

Bearing zerk

Engine

Gear shift

Pivots

Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section

BEFORE EACH USE

1. Check engine oil level.

2. Check brake operation.

3. Check tire pressure.

4. Check operator presence and

interlock systems for proper operation.

5. Check for loose fasteners.

17

IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the pivot points which have special nylon bearings. Viscous lu bri cants will attract dust and dirt that will short en the life of the self-lu bri cat ing bearings. If you feel they must be lu bri cat ed, use only a dry, pow-

dered graphite type lu bri cant sparingly.

TRACTOR

Always observe safety rules when per-

form ing any main te nance.

IMPORTANT: Blade bolt is heat treated.

If bolt needs replacing, replace only with approve bolt shown in the Repair Parts.

BRAKE OPERATION

If tractor requires more than fi ve (5) feet to stop at highest speed in highest gear on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, then brake must be checked and adjusted. (See

“TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service and

Adjustments section of this manual).

TIRES

Flat

Washer

Lock

Washer

Blade

Bolt

Trailing Edge Up

Blade

Center Hole

01

214

Mandrel

Assembly

Star

• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires

(See “PROD UCT SPEC I FI CA TIONS” section of this man ual).

• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect control chemi cals which can harm rubber.

• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp objects and other hazards that may cause tire damage.

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and pre vent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry rot and corrosion.

OPERATOR PRESENCE SYS TEM

Be sure operator presence and interlock sys tems are working properly. If your tractor does not function as described, repair the problem immediately.

• The engine should not start unless the brake pedal is fully de pressed and attachement clutch control is in the disengaged po si tion.

• When the engine is running, any attempt by the op er a tor to leave the seat without fi rst setting the parking brake should shut off the engine.

• When the engine is running and the at tach ment clutch is engaged, any attempt by the operator to leave the seat should shut off the engine.

• The attachment clutch should nev er operate unless the operator is in the seat.

BLADE CARE

TO SHARPEN BLADE

NOTE: We do not recommend sharp-

en ing blade - but if you do, be sure the blade is balanced.

Care should be taken to keep the blade balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause excessive vibration and even tual damage to mower and engine.

• The blade can be sharpened with a fi le or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt to sharpen while on the mower.

• To check blade balance, you will need a

5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone balancer. (When using a cone bal anc er, follow the in struc tions supplied with bal anc er.)

NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing blade. The lobes of the center hole may appear to be centered, but are not.

• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion of the steel bolt or pin and hold the bolt or pin parallel with the ground. If blade is balanced, it should remain in a horizontal po si tion. If either end of the blade moves downward, sharpen the heavy end until the blade is balanced.

5/8" Bolt

01202 or Pin

BATTERY

Center

Hole

Blade

For best results mower blades must be kept sharp. Re place bent or damaged blades.

Your tractor has a battery charging sys tem

BLADE REMOVAL

1. Raise mower to highest position to allow access to blades.

2. Remove blade bolt, lock washer and fl at washer securing blade.

3. Install new or resharpened blade with trailing edge up towards deck as shown.

IMPORTANT: To ensure proper as sem bly, center hole in blade must align with star on mandrel assembly.

4. Reassemble blade bolt, lock washer and fl at washer in exact order as shown.

5. Tighten blade bolt securely (27-35 Ft.

Lbs. torque).

ev er, periodic charging of the bat tery with an automotive charger will ex tend its life.

• Keep battery and terminals clean.

• Keep battery bolts tight.

• Keep small vent holes open.

• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.

NOTE: The original equipment battery on your tractor is maintenance free. Do not attempt to open or remove caps or covers.

Adding or checking level of elec tro lyte is not necessary.

TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TER MI NALS

18

Corrosion and dirt on the battery and terminals can cause the battery to “leak” power.

1. Remove terminal guard.

2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable fi rst then RED bat tery cable and remove battery from tractor.

3. Rinse the battery with plain water and dry.

4. Clean terminals and battery cable ends with wire brush until bright.

5. Coat terminals with grease or pe tro leum jelly.

6. Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING

BATTERY" in the SERVICE AND AD-

JUST MENTS section of this manual).

Closed and

Locked

Position

Yellow Cap

Oil Drain Valve

02

463

Drain

Tube

TRANSAXLE COOLING

Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt and chaff which can restrict cooling.

V-BELTS

Check V-belts for deterioration and wear after

100 hours of operation and replace if necessary. The belts are not ad just able. Re place belts if they begin to slip from wear.

ENGINE

LUBRICATION

Only use high quality detergent oil rated with API service classifi cation SG-SL. Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade according to your expected operating temperature.

SAE VISCOSITY GRADES

3. Un lock drain valve by pushing inward slightly and turning counterclockwise.

4. To open, pull out on the drain valve.

5. After oil has drained completely, close and lock the drain valve by pushing inward and turning clock wise until the pin is in the locked position as shown.

6. Remove the drain tube and replace the cap onto the end of the drain valve.

7. Refi ll engine with oil through oil fi ll dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfi ll. For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT

SPEC I FI CA TIONS” section of this man u al.

8. Use gauge on oil fi ll cap/dipstick for checking level. For accurate reading, tighten dipstick cap securely onto the tube before removing dipstick. Keep oil at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten cap onto the tube securely when fi nished.

SAE 30

5W-30

CLEAN AIR SCREEN

F

C

-20 0 30 32 40

60 80

100

-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30

TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE

40 oil_visc_chart1_e

NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils

(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in cold weather, they will result in increased oil consumption when used above 32°F.

Check your engine oil level more frequently to avoid possible engine damage from running low on oil.

Change the oil after every 50 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor is not used for 50 hours in one year.

Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each eight (8) hours of operation. Tighten oil fi ll cap/dipstick securely each time you check the oil level.

Air screen must be kept free of dirt and chaff to prevent engine dam age from overheating. Clean with a wire brush or compressed air to re move dirt and stub-

born dried gum fi bers.

AIR FILTER

Your engine will not run properly using a dirty air fi lter. Service air cleaner more often under dusty conditions. See Engine Manual.

ENGINE OIL FILTER

Replace the engine oil fi lter every season or every other oil change if the tractor is used more than 100 hours in one year.

CLEAN AIR INTAKE/COOL ING AREAS

To insure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen, cooling fi ns, and other external sur-

TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL faces of the engine are kept clean at all times.

Determine temperature range expected before oil change. All oil must meet API service classifi cation SG-SL.

• Be sure tractor is on level surface.

• Oil will drain more freely when warm.

• Catch oil in a suitable container.

1. Remove oil fi ll cap/dipstick. Be careful not to allow dirt to enter the engine when changing oil.

2. Remove yellow cap from end of drain

Every 100 hours of operation (more often under extremely dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower housing and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling fi ns and external surfaces as necessary. Make sure the cooling shrouds are re in stalled.

NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass screen, dirty or plugged cooling fi ns, and/or cooling shrouds valve and install the drain tube onto the fi tting.

19 re moved will cause engine damage due to overheating.

MUFFLER

Inspect and replace corroded muffl er and spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create a fi re hazard and/or dam age.

SPARK PLUG(S)

Replace spark plug(s) at the beginning of each mowing season or after every

100 hours of operation, whichever occurs fi rst. Spark plug type and gap setting are shown in “PROD UCT SPEC I FI CA TIONS” section of this manual.

IN-LINE FUEL FILTER

The fuel fi lter should be replaced once each season. If fuel fi lter becomes clogged, ob struct ing fuel fl ow to car bu re tor, re place ment is re quired.

1. With engine cool, remove fi lter and plug fuel line sec tions.

2. Place new fuel fi lter in position in fuel line with arrow pointing towards carburetor.

3. Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and clamps are properly positioned.

4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.

Clamp

Clamp

Fuel Filter

00667

CLEANING

• Clean engine, battery, seat, fi nish, etc. of all foreign matter.

• Keep fi nished surfaces and wheels free of all gasoline, oil, etc.

• Protect painted surfaces with au to mo tive type wax.

We do not recommend using a garden hose or pressure washer to clean your tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water in engine or transmission will shorten the useful life of your tractor. Use compressed air or a leaf blower to remove grass, leaves and trash from tractor and mower.

SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS

WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SER-

VICE OR AD JUST MENTS:

1. Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.

2. Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.

3. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.

4. Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.

5. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.

6. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot come in contact with plug.

TRACTOR

TO REMOVE MOWER

Mower will be easier to remove from the right side of tractor.

1. Place attachment clutch switch in “DIS-

ENGAGED” po si tion.

2. Move attachment lift lever forward to lower mower to its lowest position.

3. Roll belt off electric clutch pulley.

4. Disconnect anti-sway bar from chas sis bracket by re mov ing re tain er spring.

5. Disconnect suspension arms from rear deck brackets by removing re tain er springs.

Suspension Arms

Front Link

Electric

Clutch

Pulley

Retainer

Spring

Retainer Springs

(Both Sides)

Anti-Sway

Bar

Defl ector

Shield

Retainer Spring

01

698

20

6. Disconnect front links from deck by removing retainer springs.

7. Raise lift lever to raise suspension arms. Slide mower out from under tractor.

IMPORTANT: If an attachment other than the mower deck is to be mounted on the tractor, remove the front links.

TO INSTALL MOWER

1. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest position.

2. Slide mower under tractor with defl ector shield to right side of tractor.

3. Lower lift lever to its lowest position.

4. Connect front links to mower deck and secure with retainer springs.

5. Connect suspension arms to rear deck brackets and secure with retainer springs.

6. Connect anti-sway bar to chassis bracket and secure with retainer spring.

7. Install belt into electric clutch pulley groove.

TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING

Adjust the mower while tractor is parked on level ground or driveway. Make sure tires are properly infl ated (See “PROD-

UCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this man u al). If tires are over or underinfl ated, you will not properly adjust your mower.

SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT

• Raise mower to its highest position.

• At the midpoint of both sides of mower, measure height from bot tom edge of mower to ground. Distance “A” on both sides of mower should be the same or within 1/4" of each other.

• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.

• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift link ad just ment nut on that side.

• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift link ad just ment nut on that side.

NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut will change mower height about 1/8".

• Recheck measurements after ad just ing.

Bottom edge of mower to ground

00598

A

Bottom edge of mower to ground

Ground Line

Suspension Arm

01553

A

Lift Link Adjustment Nut

FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT

IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-to side. If the following front-to-back adjustment is necessary, be sure to adjust both front links equally so mower will stay level side-to-side.

To obtain the best cutting results, the mower housing should be adjusted so that the front is approximately 1/8" to 1/2" lower than the rear when the mower is in its highest position.

Check adjustment on right side of trac-

tor. Measure dis tance “D” directly in front and behind the mandrel at bottom edge of mower housing as shown.

• Before making any necessary ad just ments, check that both front links are equal in length.

• If links are not equal in length, adjust one link to same length as other link.

• To lower front of mower loosen nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns.

• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nuts “F” against trunnion on both front links.

• To raise front of mower, loos en nut “F” from trunnion on both front links. Tighten nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns. The two front links must remain equal in length.

• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower at front than rear, tighten nut “F” against trun nion on both front links.

• Recheck side-to-side ad just ment.

01268

Mandrel

“D” “D”

21

Both Front Links Should be Equal in Length

Nut “F”

Trunnion

01156

01267

Nut “E”

Front Links

TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE

BELT

The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools. Park the tractor on level surface. Engage parking brake.

BELT REMOVAL -

1. Remove mower from tractor (See “TO

REMOVE MOW ER” in this sec tion of manual).

2. Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys.

3. Pull belt away from mower.

BELT INSTALLATION -

1. Work belt around both mandrel pulleys and idler pulleys

2. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and inside all belt guides.

3. Install mower (See “To Install Mower” in this section of this manual).

Mandrel Pulley

Idler Pulleys

TO CHECK BRAKE

1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and engage parking brake.

2. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N) position.

The rear wheels must lock and skid when you try to manually push the tractor forward.

If the rear wheels rotate, the brake needs to be adjusted or the pads need to be replaced.

TO ADJUST BRAKE

1. Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way down and en gage parking brake.

2. Measure distance between brake op er at ing arm and nut “A” on brake rod.

3. If distance is other than 1-1/2", loos en jam nut and turn nut “A” until dis tance becomes 1-1/2". Re tight en jam nut against nut “A”.

4. Road test tractor for proper stopping distance as stated above. Readjust if nec-

es sary. If stopping distance is still greater than fi ve (5) feet in high est gear, further main te nance is nec es sary. Contact an authorized service center/department.

With parking brake “Engaged”

1-1/2"

00238

Nut “A”

Jam Nut

Operating Arm

TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT

Park the tractor on level surface. En gage parking brake. For as sis tance, there is a belt installation guide decal on bottom side of left footrest.

BELT REMOVAL -

Mandrel

Pulley

TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE

Your tractor is equipped with an ad just able brake system which is mounted on the right side of the transaxle.

If tractor requires more than fi ve (5) feet to stop at highest speed in high est gear on a level, dry concrete or paved surface, then brake must be checked and ad just ed.

22

1. Remove mower (See “TO RE MOVE

MOWER” in this section of manual).

NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt and position of all belt guides and keepers.

2. Disconnect clutch wire harness.

3. Remove clutch locator.

4. Remove belt from stationary idler and clutching idler.

5. Remove belt downward from engine pulley and around electric clutch.

6. Pull belt slack toward rear of trac tor.

Remove belt upwards from transaxle pulley by de fl ect ing belt keepers.

7. Remove belt from center span keeper and pull belt away from tractor.

BELT INSTALLATION -

1. Carefully work new belt down be tween transaxle belt keepers and onto the input pulley.

2. Slide belt into the center span keeper.

3. Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll belt around electric clutch and onto engine pulley.

4. Install belt through stationary idler and clutch ing idler.

5. Reinstall clutch locator and tighten nut securely.

6. Reconnect clutch harness.

7. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves and in side all belt guides and keep ers.

8. Install mower (See “TO IN STALL

MOWER” in this sec tion of manual).

TO AD JUST STEER ING WHEEL ALIGN-

MENT

If steering wheel crossbars are not hor i zon tal (left to right) when wheels are positioned straight forward, remove steer-

ing wheel and reassemble with crossbars horizontal. Tighten securely.

FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAM BER

The front wheel toe-in and camber are not adjustable on your tractor. If dam age has occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or camber, contact your nearest authorized service center/de part ment.

Electric

Clutch

Clutching

Idler

Stationary

Idler

Center Span

Keeper

Clutch

Locator

TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS

1. Block up axle securely.

2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and washers to allow wheel removal (rear wheels have a square key - Do not lose).

3. Repair tire and reassemble.

NOTE: On rear wheels only: align grooves in rear wheel hub and axle. Insert square key.

4. Replace washers and snap retaining ring securely in axle groove.

5. Replace axle cover.

NOTE: To seal tire punctures and pre vent fl at tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant may be purchased from your local parts dealer. Tire sealant also pre vents tire dry rot and corrosion.

Transaxle

Pulley

01516

Clutch

Wire

Harness

TRANSAXLE GEAR SHIFT LEVER NEU-

TRAL ADJUSTMENT

The transaxle should be in neutral when the gear shift lever is in neutral (N) (lock gate) position. The adjustment is preset at the factory; however, if adjustment is needed, proceed as follows:

1. Make sure transaxle is in neutral (N).

NOTE: When the tractor rear wheels move freely, the transaxle is in neu tral.

2. Loosen adjustment bolt in front of the right rear wheel.

3. Position the gear shift lever in the neutral (N) position.

4. Tighten adjustment bolt securely.

NOTE: If additional clearance is needed to get to ad just ment bolt, move mower deck height to the lowest position.

Gearshift Lever

02239

Retaining

Ring

Washers

Axle

Cover

Square Key

(Rear Wheel Only)

00663

TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK

BAT TERY

WARNING: Lead-acid batteries gen-

er ate ex plo sive gases. Keep sparks, fl ame and smoking ma te ri als away from bat-

ter ies. Always wear eye pro tec tion when around batteries.

If your battery is too weak to start the engine, it should be recharged. (See "BAT-

TERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of this man u al).

If “jumper ca bles” are used for emer gen cy starting, follow this pro ce dure:

IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped with a 12 volt system. The other vehicle must also be a 12 volt system. Do not use your tractor battery to start other vehicles.

Adjustment Bolt

TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES -

Neutral

Lock Gate

23

1. Connect one end of the RED cable to the POSITIVE (+) terminal of each battery(A-B), taking care not to short against tractor chassis.

2. Connect one end of the BLACK ca ble to the NEGA TIVE (-) terminal (C) of fully charged battery.

3. Connect the other end of the BLACK cable (D) to good chassis ground, away from fuel tank and bat tery.

TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE

ORDER -

1. BLACK cable fi rst from chassis and then from the fully charged battery.

2. RED cable last from both batteries.

Weak or Dead

Battery

02614

Fully Charged

Battery

REPLACING BATTERY

WARNING: Do not short battery ter mi nals by allowing a wrench or any other object to contact both terminals at the same time. Before connecting battery, remove metal bracelets, wristwatch bands, rings, etc.

Positive terminal must be connected fi rst to prevent sparking from ac ci den tal grounding.

1. Lift hood to raised position.

2. Remove terminal guard.

3. Disconnect BLACK battery cable then RED battery cable and carefully remove battery from tractor.

4. Install new battery with terminals in same position as old battery.

5. Reinstall terminal guard.

6. First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) battery terminal with hex bolt and keps nut as shown. Tighten securely.

7. Connect BLACK grounding cable to negative (-) bat tery terminal with re-

main ing hex bolt and keps nut. Tight en securely

8. Close terminal access doors.

9. Close hood.

Keps Nut

Hex Bolt

Terminal

Access

Door

0217

9

Terminal

Guard

Positive

(Red)

Cable

Negative (Black)

Cable

24

TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB

1. Raise hood.

2. Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the backside of the grill.

3. Replace bulb in holder and push bulb holder securely back into the hole in the backside of the grill.

4. Close hood.

INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS

Loose or damaged wiring may cause your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or prevent it from starting.

• Check wiring. See electrical wiring diagram in the Repair Parts section.

TO REPLACE FUSE

Replace with 20 amp automotive-type plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located behind the dash.

TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL AS-

SEMBLY

1. Raise hood.

2. Unsnap headlight wire connector.

3. Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of tractor.

4. When replacing hood, be sure to reconnect the headlight wire con nec tor.

02141

Hood

Headlight

Wire

Connector

ENGINE

TO AD JUST THROTTLE CON TROL

CABLE

The throttle control has been preset at the factory and ad just ment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, see engine manual

TO AD JUST CARBURETOR

The carburetor has been preset at the factory and ad just ment should not be necessary. However, minor ad just ment may be required to compensate for dif fer enc es in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If the carburetor does need ad just ment, see engine manual.

Immediately prepare your tractor for stor-

age at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.

WARNING: Never store the trac tor with gas o line in the tank inside a building where fumes may reach an open fl ame or spark. Allow the engine to cool before storing in any en clo sure.

TRACTOR

Remove mower from tractor for winter storage. When mower is to be stored for a period of time, clean it thor oughly, remove all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a clean, dry area.

1. Clean entire tractor (See “CLEAN ING” in the Maintenance section of this manual).

2. Inspect and replace belts, if nec es sary

(See belt re place ment in struc tions in the Service and Ad just ments section of this manual).

3. Lubricate as shown in the Main te nance section of this man ual.

4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws are securely fastened. In spect moving parts for damage, break age and wear.

Replace if nec es sary.

5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces; sand lightly before paint ing.

BATTERY

• Fully charge the battery for storage.

• After a period of time in storage, battery may require recharging.

• To help prevent corrosion and power leakage during long periods of stor age, battery cables should be dis con nect ed and battery cleaned thor ough ly (see “TO

CLEAN BATTERY AND TER MI NALS” in the Maintenance section of this man u al).

• After cleaning, leave cables dis con nect ed and place cables where they cannot come in contact with battery terminals.

• If battery is removed from tractor for storage, do not store battery directly on concrete or damp surfaces.

ENGINE

FUEL SYSTEM

IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent gum deposits from forming in essential fuel system parts such as carburetor, fuel

STORAGE

hose, or tank during storage. Also, alcohol blended fuels (called gasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture which leads to separation and formation of acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in storage.

• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and letting it run until the fuel lines and carburetor are empty.

• Never use engine or carburetor clean er products in the fuel tank or permanent damage may occur.

• Use fresh fuel next season.

NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable alternative in min i miz ing the formation of fuel gum deposits during stor age. Add stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or stor-

age container. Always follow the mix ratio found on stabilizer container. Run engine at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer to allow the sta bi liz er to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.

ENGINE OIL

Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in the Maintenance section of this man ual).

CYLINDER(S)

1. Remove spark plug(s).

2. Pour one ounce of oil through spark plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).

3. Turn ignition key to start po si tion for a few seconds to distribute oil.

4. Replace with new spark plug(s).

OTHER

• Do not store gasoline from one sea son to another.

• Replace your gasoline can if your can starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your gasoline will cause problems.

• If possible, store your tractor in doors and cover it to give protection from dust and dirt.

• Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plas tic cannot breathe which allows con den sa tion to form and will cause your tractor to rust.

IMPORTANT: Never cover tractor while en gine and exhaust areas are still warm.

25

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART

PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION

Will not start 1. Out of fuel. 1. Fill fuel tank.

2. Engine not “CHOKED” 2. See “TO START ENGINE” in

properly. Operation section.

3. Engine fl ooded. 3. Wait several minutes before

attempting to start.

4. Bad spark plug. 4. Replace spark plug.

5. Dirty air fi lter. 5. Clean/replace air fi lter.

6. Dirty fuel fi lter. 6. Replace fuel fi lter.

7 Water in fuel. 7. Empty fuel tank and carbure-

tor, refi ll tank with fresh gas

oline and replace fuel fi lter.

8. Loose or damaged wiring. 8. Check all wiring.

9. Carburetor out of adjustment. 9. See “To Adjust Car bu re tor”

in Service and Adjustments

section.

10. Engine valves out of 10. Contact a qualifi ed service

adjustment. center/department.

Hard to start 1. Dirty air fi lter. 1. Clean/replace air fi lter.

2. Bad spark plug. 2. Replace spark plug.

3. Weak or dead battery. 3. Recharge or replace battery.

4. Dirty fuel fi lter. 4. Replace fuel fi lter.

5. Stale or dirty fuel. 5. Empty fuel tank and refi ll tank

with fresh, clean gasoline.

6. Loose or damaged wiring. 6. Check all wiring.

7. Carburetor out of adjustment. 7. See “To Adjust Car bu re tor” in

Service and Adjustments

section.

8. Engine valves out of 8. Contact a qualifi ed

adjustment. service center/department.

Engine will not 1. Clutch/brake pedal not 1. Depress clutch/brake pedal.

turn over depressed.

2. Attachment clutch is 2. Disengage at tach ment

engaged. clutch.

3. Weak or dead battery. 3. Recharge or replace battery.

4. Blown fuse. 4. Replace fuse.

5. Corroded battery terminals. 5. Clean battery terminals.

6. Loose or damaged wiring. 6. Check all wiring.

7. Faulty ignition switch. 7. Check/replace ignition switch.

8. Faulty solenoid or starter. 8. Check/replace solenoid or

starter.

9. Faulty operator presence 9. Contact a qualifi ed service

switch(es). center/department.

Engine clicks but 1. Weak or dead battery. 1. Recharge or replace battery.

will not start 2. Corroded battery terminals. 2. Clean battery terminals.

3. Loose or damaged wiring. 3. Check all wiring.

4. Faulty solenoid or starter. 4. Check/replace solenoid or

starter.

Loss of power 1. Cutting too much grass/too 1. Raise cutting height/reduce

fast. speed.

2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position. 2. Adjust throttle control.

26

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART

PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION

Loss of power 3. Build-up of grass, leaves and 3. Clean un der side of mower

(continued) trash under mower. housing.

4. Dirty air fi lter. 4. Clean/replace air fi lter.

5. Low oil level/dirty oil. 5. Check oil level/change oil.

6. Faulty spark plug. 6. Clean and regap or change

spark plug.

7. Dirty fuel fi lter. 7. Replace fuel fi lter.

8. Stale or dirty fuel. 8. Empty fuel tank and refi ll tank

with fresh, clean gasoline.

9. Water in fuel. 9. Empty fuel tank and carbure-

tor, refi ll tank with fresh gas-

oline and replace fuel fi lter.

10. Spark plug wire loose. 10. Connect and tighten spark

plug wire.

11. Dirty engine air screen/fi ns. 11. Clean engine air screen/fi ns.

12. Dirty/clogged muffl er. 12. Clean/replace muffl er.

13. Loose or damaged wiring. 13. Check all wiring.

14. Carburetor out of adjustment. 14. See “To Adjust Car bu re tor” in

Service and Adjustments

section.

15. Engine valves out of 15. Contact a qualifi ed service

adjustment. center/department.

Excessive 1. Worn, bent or loose blade. 1. Replace blade. Tighten blade

vibration bolt.

2. Bent blade mandrel. 2. Contact a qualifi ed service

center/department.

3. Loose/damaged part(s). 3. Tighten loose part(s).

Replace damaged parts.

Engine continues 1. Faulty operator-safety 1. Check wiring, switches and

to run when oper- pres ence control system. connections. If not contact a

ator leaves seat qualifi ed service center/de-

with attachment partment.

clutch engaged

Poor cut - uneven 1. Worn, bent or loose blade. 1. Replace blade. Tighten

blade bolt.

2. Mower deck not level. 2. Level mower deck.

3. Buildup of grass, leaves, and 3. Clean underside of mower

trash under mower. housing.

4. Bent blade mandrel. 4. Contact a qualifi ed service

center/department.

5. Clogged mower deck vent 5. Clean around mandrels to

holes from buildup of grass, open vent holes.

leaves, and trash around

mandrels.

Mower blades will 1. Obstruction in clutch 1. Remove obstruction.

not rotate mechanism.

2. Worn/damaged mower drive 2. Replace mower drive belt.

belt.

3. Frozen idler pulley. 3. Replace idler pulley.

4. Frozen blade mandrel. 4. Contact a qualifi ed service

center/department.

27

TROUBLESHOOTING CHART

PROBLEM CAUSE CORRECTION

Poor grass 1. Engine speed too slow. 1. Place throttle control in

discharge “FAST” position.

2. Travel speed too fast. 2. Shift to slower speed.

3. Wet grass. 3. Allow grass to dry before

mowing.

4. Mower deck not level. 4. Level mower deck.

5. Low/uneven tire air 5. Check tires for proper air

pressure. pressure.

6. Worn, bent or loose blade. 6. Replace/sharpen blade.

Tighten blade bolt.

7. Buildup of grass, leaves 7. Clean underside of mower

and trash under mower. housing.

8. Mower drive belt worn. 8. Replace mower drive belt.

9. Blades improperly installed. 9. Reinstall blades sharp edge

down.

10. Improper blades used. 10. Replace with blades listed in

this manual.

11. Clogged mower deck vent 11. Clean around mandrels to

holes from buildup of grass, open vent holes.

leaves, and trash around

mandrels.

Headlight(s) not 1. Switch is “OFF”. 1. Turn switch “ON”.

working 2. Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out. 2. Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).

(if so equipped) 3. Faulty light switch. 3. Check/replace light switch.

4. Loose or damaged wiring. 4. Check wiring and connections.

5. Blown fuse. 5. Replace fuse.

Battery will not 1. Bad battery cell(s). 1. Replace battery.

charge 2. Poor cable connections. 2. Check/clean all connections.

3. Faulty regulator 3. Replace regulator.

(if so equipped).

4. Faulty alternator. 4. Replace alternator.

Engine “backfi res” 1. Engine throttle control not set 1. Move throttle control

when turning between half and full speed between half and full speed

engine “OFF” (fast) position before stopping (fast) position before

engine. stopping engine.

28

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