Poulan 3300 Owner's manual

Poulan 3300 Owner's manual
IMPORTANT
I
MANUAL
Do Not hrow
Away.
WARNING:
Carefully read and follow
Safety Rules, Precautions
and
Operating
Instructions. Failure to do so can
result in serious injury.
\
POULANIWEED
EATER
DIVISION WHITE CONSOLIDATED
Shreveport,
Louisiana 71139-9329
INDUSTRIES,
INC.
i
[
-TABLE OF CONTENTS
C. Bucking . .............
:., ..............
14
D, Debranching and Pruning .................
15
Maintenance ..............
... ..............
16
A. Guide Bar and Chain ....................
16
B. Spark Arrestor and Spark Plug : ..............
17
C. Starter Rope .............................
18
D, Carburetor Adjustments ...................
19
E. Clutch and Drum ! Sprocket .................
20
F. Air Filter ...............................
20
G, Storage ...............................
20
H. Trouble Shooting Chart ...................
22
I. Maintenance Chart ......................
22
Poulan ® Accessories .........................
23
Parts & Service .......................
Back Cover
............................
Specifications ..
2
SPECIAL SAFETY SECTION. .... ......
_ .....
.3, 4 & 5
Know Your Chain Saw. ..................
. ......
6
Preparing Your Saw For Use ....................
7
A. Getting Ready ........
"..........
........
. .. 7
B. Attaching The Optional Spur ................
7
C, Attaching The Bar and Chain ...............
7
D, Chain Tension ...........................
8
E. Fueling Your Engine .......................
9
E Bar and Chain Lubricant .....................
10
Using Your Saw
11
A. Control Devices .........................
11
B. Starting Instructions
.....................
11
Types of Cutting , ...........................
12
A. Basic Cutting Technique ...................
12
B. Tree Felling Techniques
12
HANDLEBAR
HANDGUARD
STARTER HANDLE
START-STOP SWITCH
REDUCED-KICKI_CK
GUIDE BAR
THROTTLE
CONTROL
HANDLE
LOCK.OUT
FUEL
LOW-KICKBACK
CHAIN
\
LOW-KICKBACK
CHOKE
CHAIN
GUIDE BAR
' THROTTLE
TRIGGER
LOCK
REAR CHAIN
GUARD
FRONT CHAIN CATCHER
(ON CRANKCASE
UNDER
BAR CLAMP)
SPECIFICATIONS
33OO
MODEL
3.3in.a(54cu, cm.)
CU. IN. DISPLACEMENT
REDUCED-KICKBACK
GUIDE BAR
16" Sprocket Nose
Control
Tip®
PartNo. 952-044324
LOW-KICKBACKCHAIN
SPARKPLUG
sPARK PLUGGAG
IGNITION,
MODULE AIRGAP
PartNo. 952-044325
. 20" Replaceable
SprocketNose-ControlTip®
PartNo. 952-044326
325 Pitch,.050GaugeChrome .325P_ch,.0511
GaugeChrome ,325 Pitch,.050GaugeChrome
Unks
- Cutters. P33S -78 DriveLinksCutters -P33S* 66DdveLinks- Cutters-P33S- 72Drive
PartNo.952-051313
PartNo, 952-051310
PartNo. 952-051301
Champion CJ-4
,025"
SolidState
.008"to,014"
FUELMIX
' GasolinelOil
Mixture
(See"Fueling
Your
Engine")
MUFFLER
Spark
ArrestingiUSDA
Approved
OILER SYSTEM
FUELTANKCAPACI_
O]LTANK CAP_ITY
2
18"Replaceable
Sprocket
Nose-Control
Tip®
Adjustable
Automatic
20oz.
lOoz.
IIIII IIIIIIII
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SPECIAL
ill
i
GUARD
SAFETY
i
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iI_
IIIll
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llllfill
SECTION
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AGAINST
KICKBACK
Kickback is a dangerous reaction that can lead to serious
injury. Do not rely only on the safety devices provided with yoursaw. As a chain saw user, you must take
special safety precautions to help keep your cutting jobs
free from accident or injury.
,A KICKBACK WARNING
Kickback can occur when the moving chain contacts
an object atthe upper portion of the tipoftheguide bar
or when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain
in the cut. Con tact at the upper portion of the tip of the
guidebsrcan causethe chain to dig intothe object and
stop the chain for an instant. The result is a lightning
fast, reverse reaction which kicks the guide bar up and
back toward the operator. If the saw chain is pinched
along the top of the guide bar, the guide bar can be
driven rapidly back toward the Operator. Either of
these reactions can cause loss of saw control which
can result in serious injury.
i
REDUCINGKICKBACK
1.
Recognize that kickback can happen. With a
basic understanding of kickback, you can reduce
the element of surprise which contributes to
accidents.
2. Never let the moving chain contact any object at the
tip of the guide bar. Figure 1.
3. Keep the working area free from obstructions
such as other trees, branches, rocks, fences,
stumps, etc. Figure 2. Eliminate
or avoid any
obstruction that your saw chain could hit while you
are cutting through a particular Iogor branch.
4. Keep your saw chain Sharp and properly tensioned. Followmanufacturer's chainsharpening and
maintenance instructions. Check tension_at regular
intervalswith theengine stopped,neverwith the engine
running. Make sure the bar clamp nuts are securely
tightened after tensioning the chain. A loose or dull
chain can increase the chance ofkickback.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
AVOID
OBSTRUCTIONS
1.
AREA
2.
Figure 2
NEVER
REVERSE
HAND
POSITIONS
STAND
TO THE
LEFT OF
THE SAW
3.
ELBOW
4.
LEFT HAND
_
Figure 3
Begin and continue cutting at full throttle. If the
chain is moving at a slower speed, there is greater
chance for kickback to occur.
Cutonlyone Iogatatime.
Use extreme caution when re-entering a cut.
Do not attempt plunge cuts.
Watch for shifting logs or other forces that could
close a cut and pinch or fall into the chain.
Use only the Reduced-Kickback Guide Bar and
Low-Kickback Chain specified for your saw.
MAINTAINING
Figure I
CLEAR
WORKING
m
MB ON
UNDER SIDE
OF HANDLEBAR
5.
6.
CONTROL
Keep a good firm gripon the saw with both hands
when the engine is running and don't let go.
Figure 3. A firm grip can neutralize kickback and
help you maintain control of the saw. Keep the
fingers of your left hand encircling and your left
thumb under the front handlebar, Keep your right
hand completely around the rear handle whether
yo u are right handed or I.eft handed. Keep your left
arm straight with the e_bow locked,
Position your left hand on the front handlebar so it
is in a straight line with you r right hand on the rear
handle when making bucking cuts. Figure 3. Never
reverse right and left hand positions for any type of
cutting.
Stand with your weight evenly balanced on
both feet.
Stand slightly to the left side of the saw, to keep
your body from being in a direct line with the
cutting chain. Figure 3.
Do not overreach. Yo0 could be drawn or thrown
off balance and lose control of the saw.
Do not cut above shoulder height. It is difficult to
maintain controlof the saw above shoulder height.
3
i
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SPECIAL
i iiiii
SAFETY
SECTION
i
I iiii
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(continued)
I
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,
AWARNING
Because a chain saw is a high-speed wood-cutting tool, special safety precautions must
be observed to reduce the risk of personal accidents, Careless or improper use can
cause serious injury.
4.
SNUG
FITTING
DUTY GLOVES
Do not attempt to use your chain saw during bad
weather conditions such as strong wind, rain, snow,
etc., or at night.
5. Plan you sawing operation carefully in advance. Do not
start cutting until you have a clear work area, secure
footing, and ifyou are fellingtrees, aplanned retreat path.
AVOID
SAFETYCHAPS
Figure4
REACTIVE
Pinch'Kickback
FORCES
and Pull-in occur when the chain is
suddenly stopped by being pinched, caught, or by
contacting a foreign object in the wood. This resultsin a
reversalofthe chainforce usedtocutwoodand causesthe saw
to move in the opposite direction of chain rotation. PinchKickback drives the saw straight back toward the operator.
Puli-in pu//s thesaw away from the operator. Either reaction
can result in loss of control and possible serious injury.
To avoid Pinch-Kickback:
KNOW
YOUR
SAW
1.
Read yourOperstor's Manual carefully Untilyou completelyunderstandand followall safetyrulesand operating
instructionsbefore attemptingto operate the saw.
2.
Restrict the use of your saw to adult users who understand and follow the safety rules, precautions, and
operating instructionsin this manual.
1.
2.
3.
To avoid Pull-in:
1.
2,
PLAN
°
.
.
4
AHEAD
Wear personal protective gear. Figure 4. Always use
steel-toedsafety footwear with non-slipsoles; snug-fitting
clothing; heavy-dutynon-slipgloves; eye protectionsuch
as non-fogging, vented goggles or face screen; an approvedsafety hard hat, and sound barriers-- ear plugsor
mufflers to protect your hearing. Regular users should
have hearing checked regularly as chain saw noisecan
damage hearing.
Keep children, bystanders, and animals out of the
work area-- a minimum of 30 feet (10 meters). Do not
allow other people or animals to be near the chain saw
when starting or operating the chain saw.
Do not handle or operate a chain saw when you are
fatigued, ill, or upset; or if you have taken alcohol,
drugs or medication. You must be in good physical
condition and mentally alert. Chain saw work is
strenuous. If you have any condition that might be
aggravated by strenuous work, check with your doctor
before operating a chain saw.
Be extremely aware of situations or obstructions
that can cause material to pinch the top of or otherwise stop the chain.
Do not cut more than one log at a time.
Do not twist the saw as the bar is withdrawn from an
under-cut when bucking.
Always begin cutting with the engine at full throttle
and the saw frame or spur against the wood.
Use wedges made of plastic or wood, (never of metal)
to hold the cut open.
HANDLE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
FUEL
WITH
CAUTION
Eliminate all sources of sparks or flame in the areas
where fuel is mixed, poured, or stored. There should
be no smoking, open flames, or work that could cause
sparks.
Mix and pourfuel in an outdoor area, on bare ground;
store fuel in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place; and use
an approved, marked container for fuel.
Wipe up all spilled fuel before starting your saw.
Move at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from fuel and
fueling site before starting the engine.
Do not smoke while handling fuel or while operating
the saw.
Turn the engine off and let your saw cool in a noncombustible area, not on dry leaves, straw, paper, etc.
Slowly remove the fuel tank cap and refuelthe unit.
Store tool and fuel in an area where fuel vapors cannot reach sparks or open flames from water heaters,
electric motors or switches, furnaces, etc.
II_
I
Ill
OPERATE
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YOUR
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Ill Ill
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SAW SAFELY
1. Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly adjusted, or not completely and securely
assembled.
2. Operate the chain saw only in outdoor areas.
3. Do not operate the saw from a ladder or in a tree.
4. Position all parts of your body to the left of cut and
away from the saw chain when the engine is
running.
5. Cut wood only, Do not cutmetal, plastics,masonry, nonwood buildingmaterials, etc.Do not useyour saw topry or
shove away limbs, roots or other objects.
6. Make sure the chain will not make contact with any
object while starting the engine. Never try to start the
saw when the guide bar is in a cut or kerr,
7. Use extreme caution when cutting small size brush
and saplings. Slender material can catch the saw
chain and be whipped toward you or pull you off
balance.
8. Be alert for springback when cutting a limb that is
under tension so you will not be struck by the limb or
saw when the tension in the wood fibers is released.
9. Do not put pressure on the saw at the end of a cut.
This can cause you to lose control when the cut is
completed.
• 10. Stop the engine before setting the saw down.
MAINTAIN
WORKING
IIII
YOUR SAW IN GOOD
ORDER
9.
Keep the vibration isolators in good condition.
Periodicallyinspect isolatorsfor tears, dps or separation of
the rubber portion from the metal mountings. Have a
qualified service dealer replace the isolators if worn or
damaged, if vibration increases or if mounts develop anout
of round orswollen shape from exposure to gasoline and/or
oil. It is recommended that all isolators be replaced when
a failure to one occurs,
CARRY
AND
STORE
YOUR
SAW SAFELY
1.
Hand carry the saw with the enginestopped,the muffler away from your body, and the guide bar and chain
to the rear covered preferablywith a scabbard.:
2.
Before transporting in any vehicle or storing in any
enclosure, allow your saw to cool completely, cover
the bar and chain and properly secure to avoid
turnover, fuel spillage or damage,
3,
Empty the fuel tank before storing the tool. Use
up fuel left in the carburetor by starting the engine and letting the engine run until it stops.
4.
Store in a dry area out of the reach of children and
away from'where fuel vapors can reach sparks or an
open flame from hotwater heaters,electric motors or switches, furnaces, etc.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
1.
2.
3.
Have all chain saw service performed by a qualified
service dealer with the exception of the items listed
in the maintenance section of this manual. For
example, if improper tools are used to remove or hold
the flywheel when servicing the clutch, structural
damage to the flywheel can occur and cause the
flywheel to burst.
Keep fuel and oil caps, screws and fasteners
securely tightened.
Keep the handles dry, clean, and free of oil or fuel
mixture.
4.
Make certain the saw chain stops moving when the
throttle trigger is released. Forcorrection,referto "CarburetorAdjustments"
5.
Stop the saw if the chain strikes a foreign object. Inspect the unit and repair or replace parts as necessary.
Disconnect the spark plug before performing any
maintenance except for carburetor adjustments,
Never modify your saw in any way. Use only attachments supplied or specifically recommended by the
manufacturer.
6.
7.
8.
Always replace the handguard immediately if it
becomes damaged, or broken or is otherwise
removed.
NOTE: Exposure to vibrationsthrough prolonged use of
chain saws may produce Whitefinger disease
(Raynaud's phenomenon). This phenomenon
reduces the hand's ability to feel and regulate
temperature, produces numbness and burning
sensations and can cause nerve and circulation
damage and tisaue necrosis.
An anti-vibration system designed to reduce
engine vibration is recommended for those using
chain saws on a regular or sustained basis and is
provided on this saw. However, an antivibration
system does not guarantee the avoidance of
Whitefinger disease. Continual and regular users
must monitor closely their use of chain saws and
physical condition.
Notice: Refer to the Code of Federal Regulations, Section
I910.266(5); 2.5.1 of American National Standard
Safety Requirements for Pulpwood Logging, ANSI
03.1-1978; and relevant state safety codes when
using a chain saw for loggingpurposes.
5
,,,,m
I
KNOW
YOUR
CHAIN
iltilt
A.
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II
I
SAW
ttilu
iltttt ttt
INTRODUCTION
CONTOURED
Your saw has been designed with safety in mind and
includesthe following features as standardequipment:
--Reduced-Kickback Guide Bar (Control Tip ®)
--Low-Kickback Chain (Elongated Guard Link)
-- Spark Arrestor
--Temperature Limiting Muffler
-- Handguards
--Counter-Vibe ® Anti-Vibration System
___..J \ ,.,=
RADIUS
REOUCED
KICKBACK
GUIDE
TIP
SYMMETRICAL
ELAR
LOW*KICK_K
CHAIN
CU_[TER
J "_==_T_
SV_
_, WARNING
The following features are included on your saw to help
reduce the hazard of kickback, however, such features
will not totally eliminate this dangerous reaction. As a
chain saw user, do not rely only on safety devices. You
must follow all safety precautions, instructions and
maintenance in this manual to help avoid kickback and
other forces which can result in serious injury.
B.
KICKBACK
SAFETY
FEATURES
-- Reduced-Kickback Guide Bar, designedwitha small
radiustip whichreduces the sizeofthe kickback danger
zone on the bar tip. Figure 5. A Reduced Kickback
Guide Bar is one which has been demonstrated to
significantlyreduce the number and seriousnessof
kickbacks when tested in accordance with the safety
requirements for gasolinepowered chain saws as set
by the Amedcan National Standards Institute, Inc.,
Standard B175,1- 1985.
-- Low-Kickback Chain, designed with a contoured
depthgauge and guardlinkwhichdeflectthe kickback
force and allowwood togradually ride intothe cutter.
Figure 5. Low Kickback Saw Chain is a chain which
has met the kickback performance requirements of
ANSI B175.1when testedon a representativesample
of chain saws below 3.8 cubic inch displacement
specified in ANSI B175.1-1985.(American National
Standard for PowerTools - Gasoline PoweredChain
Saws - Safety Requirements).
-- Handguard, designed toreducethe chanceofyour left
handcontactingthe chain ifyour handslipsoffthefront
handlebar.
--Position of front and rear handlebars, designed
with distancebetween handlesand "in line" witheach
other.Th_ spread and "in line" positionof the hands
providedbythis design work together togive balance
and resistancein controlling the pivotofthe saw back
towardthe operator if kickback occurs.
4_WARNING
Do not operate the chain saw unless the safety
devices or their specified replacements are properly
installed and maintained according to the instructions in this manual. Do not use any other guide bar
and chain comblnation that is not equivalent to the
original equipment or not certified to comply with
ANSI B175.1-1985. Failure to follow these instructions
can result in serious injury.
BAR
C, STATE
CA"
06STRU_
IATERtAL
CHAIN WITH HIGH
KICKIM4_K POTENTIAL
AND
Figure5
LOCAL REQUIREMENTS.
Your saw is equipped with a temperature limiting muffler and spark arresting screen which meets the
requirements of California Codes 4442 and 4443.
All U,S. forest land and the states of California, Maine,
Washingtonand Oregon require many internalcombustionengines to be equipped with a spark arrestorscreen
by law. Other statesare enacting similar laws.
If you operate a chain saw in a state or locale where
such regulations exist, you are legally responsible for
maintaining the operating condlUon of these parts.
Failure to do so is a violation of a law. See "Spark
Arrestor" Sectionfor maintenance.
D, CARTON
CONTENTS
After you unpack the carton:
1. Check the contents against the list below.
2. Examine the items for damage. Do not use damaged
parts.
3. Notify your dealer immediately ff a part is missing or
damaged. It is normal to hear a fuel filter rattle in an
empty fuel tank.
NOTE: It isnormal to hear the fuel filter rattlein an empty
fuel tank.
KEY NO.
1
2
---
CARTON CONTENTS:
Power Head
Guide Bar
Loose Parts Bag (not shown)
Oil- 8 oz, can (not shown)
QTY.
1
1
1
1
LOOSE PARTS BAG CONTENTS:
3
4
5
--
Chain
Screncri
Alien Wrench - 5/32"
Operator's Manual (not shown)
1
1
1
1
IIIIIII
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I
PREPARING
ii
A.
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iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
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READY
1. READYOUROPERATOR'SMANUAL
2. HAVE THE FOLLOWING
THE
SPUR
AVAILABLE:
a.
b.
c.
d.
Protective gloves
Approved, marked, fuel container.
Regular gasoline, leaded or unleaded.
Two-cycle engine oil. See "Fueling Your
Engine"
e. Bar and Chain Oil. See"Barand Chain Lubricant."
f. Scrench -- provided withyoursaw.Use the tong
end ofthe toolas aslotted screwdriver,the smatl
pipeend as a socketwrench, and the larger pipe
end to remove the spark plug.
g. Hex Wrench m providedwith your saw for the
fan housing screws.
Your Operator's Manual has been developed to help
you prepare your saw for use and to understand its
safe operation. It is important that you read your
manual completely to become familiar with the unit
before you begin assembly or attempt operation. Your
Poulan ® Dealer is available to show you how to
operate your saw. Be sure to ask for his assistance.
B. ATTACHING
IIII
YOUR SAW FOR USE
iiii
GETTING
IIII IIIII
I
(OPTIONAL)
The spur is a special piece of equipment designed
to assist the cutting operation. When assembled to
the saw, the spur willdigintothe tree or logand:
-relieve contact pressure adding ease to the sawing operation.
-allow the saw to be more easily rotated or pivoted
into the cut.
To Install:
1 Remove bar clamp nuts and bar clamp.
2. Align the spur over the two holes on the bar clamp
side of the saw. Figure 6.
.
Insert the two screws and tighten evenly and securely.
Figure 6
ii
C.
ATTACHING
THE BAR AND CHAIN
I CAUTION: lWear protective gloves when handling
or operating your saw. The chain is sharp and can
cut you even when it is not moving!
_WARNING
Do not start engine without gu!de bar and chain
completely assembled. Otherwise, the clutcn can
come on and serious inlury can result.
.
• Your saw is equipped with a Reduced-Kickback
Guide Bar and a Low-Kickback Chain.
Remove the bar clamp nuts and bar clamp if you
have not done so. Figure 6.
NOTE: Be sure to removethe cardboard packing
over the bar studs and between the bar clamp
housing and the crankcase.
•
Use onlythe Reduced-Kickback Guide Bar and
Low-Kickback Chain specified for your chain
saw model, when replacing these parts. See
"Specifications"
2. Turnthe adjusting screw counterclockwise
to move the adjusting pin almost as far as it will
go to the rear.Figure 9.
7
iiiil,,,,,i
Mount the guide bar. Mount the slotted end of the
guide bar over the bar studs and the hole under the
slot on the adjusting pin. Figure 7.
.
4.
WRITING
RIGHT SlOE UP
Hold chain with cutters facing as shown in Figure 8.
Place chain over and behind the clutch drum onto
the sprocket and fit the bottom of the drive links
between the teeth in the sprocket.
.
SLOT
BAR MOU_
STUDS
Start at the top of the bar and fit the chain drive links
into the groove around the guide bar. Figure 8.
,
HOLE ON ADJUSTING PIN
Figure 7
Turn the adjusting screw clockwise _
until the
chain is snug in the guide bar groove. Figure 9.
.
Install the bar clamp, replace the bar mounhng
nuts, then tighten the nuts finger tight only
,
i,,i
9.
D.
i
Follow "Chain Tension" instructions below.
CHAIN
TENSION
•
• Correct chain tension is very important:
--a loose chain will wear the bar and itself.
--aloosechain
canjumpoff
the bar while
you are cutting.
-- a tight chain can damage the saw andlor
break.
• The chain stretches during use, especially
when new. Check tension:
-- each time the saw is used
-- more frequently when the chain is new
as the chain warms up to normal operating
temperature
• Chain tension is correct when the chain:
-- can be lifted about 1/8" from the guide bar at
a point near the middle of the bar, and
-- will move freely around the bar.
iiiii
Chain tensioning
1. Hold the tip of the guide bar up and turn the adjusting
screw just until the chain does not sag beneath the
guide bar. Figure 11.
NOTE:Turn screw clockwise _
to tighten tension.
Turn screw counterclockwise A---to loosen tension.
2 Check the tension by lifting the chain from the guide
bar at the center of the bar. Figure 12.
3. Continue turning the adjusting screw until the tension
is correct.
4. Hold the tip of the guide bar up and securely tighten
the bar clamp nuts with the scrench.
5. Recheck tension. See Figure 10.
i
_1
_A("
WHEN TENSION
._i
IS CORRECT.
.....
7
if'__
m
.
_
/
ii
_
i
Figure 9
procedure:
NOTE: The bar clamp nuts must be no more than
finger tight to tension the chain correctly.
CHAIN CAN BE
LIFTED !18" AT
CENTER OF BAR
TO TIGHTEN
iii
Figure8
/_
_
!
_
1/8"_,L.' _
TO LOOSEN
TENSION
[11
t O_'_""¥'x'._-.O-_
| //
i
Figure 10
_-_../_
- -1/8"
iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
E. FUELING
YOUR
•
iiii
ENGINE
1. FUEl. SAFETY
a. Use only recommended fuel mixtures.
b. Mix and pour fuel outdoorsand wherethere are
no sparks or flames.
3. USE THE FOLLOWING
ONLY:
Poulan ProTM 40:1 Engine Oil isstronglyrecommended. Available in the following convenient container
sizes, Poulan ProeM40:1Engine Oil should be mixed
as follows:
c. Use a container approved for fuel.
3.2 oz. Container...Mix with 1 gallon gasoline.
d. Do not smoke or allow smoking near fuet or the
tool or while using the tool.
8 oz. Container...Mix with 2-1/2 gallons gasoline.
16 oz. Container...Mix with 5 gallons gasoline.
e. Wipe up all fuel spills before starting engine.
f. Move at least 10 feet away from fueling site
before starting engine.
if Poulan Pro oil is not available use other
"Poulan/Weed Eater" branded oils at their recommended mixture as listed on the container,
g. Stop engine before removing fuel cap.
h. Empty the fuel tank before storing the tool.
Use up fuel left in the carburetor by starting
the engine and letting the engine run until
_ it stops.
If none of the above oils are available, use a good quality, two-cycle, air cooled engine oil mixed at a ratio of
16:t (8 oz. oil to 1 gallon gasoline),
i. Store tool and fuel in an area where fuel
vapors cannot reach sparks or open flames
from water heaters, electric motors or switches, furnaces, etc.
2, FUEl. MIXTURE
Your tool is powered by a two-cycle engine
which requires a fuel mixture of regular unleaded gasoiineand ahigh quality engine oil
specially
made for 2-cycle, air cooled
engines. The internal design of the 2-cycle engine
requires lubrication of moving parts. Lubrication is
provided when the recommended mixture of
gasoline and oil is used.
• Genuine POULAN®/WEED
EATER ® 2-cycle
Engine Oil is strongly recommended for the protection of your unit. Extensive engineering tests
have proven that Poulan®/Weed Eate_ oil resists
break-downat operating temperatures common to
2-cycle engines, resulting in dependable performance and longer engine life.
Gasoline must be clean and fresh. After a short
period of time,gasoline willchemically break-down
and form compounds that cause hardstarting and
damage in 2-cycle engines_
4. DO NOT USE:
• BIA OIL (Boating Institute of America) ---Does not have proper additives for air-cooled
2-cycleengines and can causeengine damage.
• AUTOMOTIVE OIL ---Does not have proper additives for 2-cycle
engines and can cause damage.
5, HOW TO MIX FUELAND
FlU. TANK
a. Pour 1/2 gallon regular unleaded gasoline into an
approved, marked container.Do not mix gasoline
and oil directly in the fuel tank.
b. Add entire measure of engine oil.
c. Cover container tightly and shake for one minute.
d. Slowly remove fuel container cover.
• The correct measure of gasoline to oil is very
important. Toomuch oil in the mixture will foul the
spark plug.
e. Add remainder of gasoline.
f. Cover container tightly and shake again.
g. Slowly remove fuel container cover.
,
[CAUTION: ] Too iittle oil or incorrect oil will
cause the engine to overheat and seize.
• Always mix the fuel thoroughly in a container
sincegasolineand oildo not readilycombine.Donot
mix gasoline and oil directlyin the fuel tank.
h. Slowly remove fuel cap. See "Specifications;'
for location.
i. Fill the tank using a spout or funnel.
I. Reinstall the,fuel cap securely.
F. BAR AND GHAIN
LUBRICANT
• The Guide Bar and Cutting Chain require
continuous tubdcation in order to remain in
operating condition. Lubrication is provided
by the automatic oiler system when the oil tank
is kept filled.
-- Lack of oil will quickly ruin the bar and chain.
3.
e
--Too little oil will cause overheating shownby
smokecoming fromthe chainand/ordiscoloration of the guide bar rails.
• Genuine Poulan ®Bar and Chain Oil is recommended to protect your unit against excessive
wearduetoheat and friction. Poulan_ lubricant
resistshigh temperature thinning. If Poulan® bar
and chainoilisnotavailable,usea good gradeSAE
30 oil. Never use waste oil for this purpose.
• In freezing weather oil will thicken, making
it necessary to thin bar and chain oil with a
small amount
of Diesel Fuel #1 or
Kerosene. Bar and chain oil must be free flowing for the,oil system to pump enough oil for adequate lubrication.
1. USE THE FOLLOWING:
THE AUTOMATIC
OILER
The adjustable automatic oiler is set for maximum output at the factory. Some types of
cutting will require adjusting the oiler.
-- less oil is required for soft or freshly cut
wood.
-- maximum oil is required for hardwood or
wood that has been cut for a period of time.
30 F or above -- lubricant-- undiluted.
30 -0 F--95% lubricant to 5% Diesel Fuel
#1 or Kerosene.
Below 0 F-- 90'=/olubricant to 10% Diese]
Fuel #1 or Kerosene.
2. HOW TO FILL THE OIL TANK
a. Stop the engine.
b. Turn saw on itsside with oilcap up. Figure 11.
c. Loosencap slowlyand wait for pressure inthe
tank to be released before removingthe cap.
d Fillthe oil tank.
e Replace the oil cap securely.
ADJUSTING
4.
e
The adjusting screw is located at the bottom of
the saw on the crankcase next to the bar clamp
housingand canbe adjustedwiththe screwdriver
end of the scrench provided with your saw.
Figure 13.
, To increase the oil flow, turn the adjusting
screwcounterclockwise _,
-- To decrease the oil flow, turnthe adjusting .
screwclockwise _
.
e
if the oiler is adjusted to decrease the oil flow,
be sure to readjust the oiler before returningto
types of cutting that require greater lubrication.
e
When the saw isrun at high RPM's for long
periods of time during certain types of cutting, such as pruning or debranching, more oil
can be delivered than is required. Toavoid running out of chain oil before running out of fuel,
check the oil tank periodically,
IMPORTANT
POINTS TO REMEMBER
a. Fill the oil tank each time you refill the fuel
tank to ensure there wilt be sufficient o_1for the
FILL THE OIL
TANKEACHTIME
THE FUEL TANK
IS FILLED.
chain whenever
you start and run the saw
b. Keep sawdust and debris cleaned from the
oil holes in the guide bar to allow an adequate
o_1flow to the bar and chain.
C.
Figure 11
d.
!
OIL ADJUSTING
SCREW
Figure 12
10
Keep spilled and spattered oil wiped from the
unit to avoid sawdust and debris build-up. Pay
particular attention to oil on the fan housing and
starter assemblyto avoid overheating the engine.
It is normal for a small amount of oil to appear under the saw after the engine stops.
This is due to oil draining from the bar and chaln
when not in use,
-
i
iiiiiiiiiiiiiii
i
USING
/
ii
iiiiii
YOUR SAW
i
All
ii
CONTROL
ii i1[11
DEVICES
The Start/Stop is moved upward for the "Start"
position and downward for the "Stop" position.
Understanding the control devices on your saw is an
important part of learning howto properlyand safely
operate the unit. Figure 13.
THROTTLE
LOCK-OUT
.
START/STOP
SWITCH
The Throttle Trigger accelerates and controlsthe
speed ot the engine and is designed to be used with
the throttle lock-out.
3.
START
START/STOP
SWITCH
THROTTLE
LOCK
_
STOP
,
i
OFF
.
TRIGGER
CHOKE
The three-position Choke helps to start the saw by
controlling the air flow to the fuel system.
The Throttle Lock-out prevents the trigger from
becomingaccidentallyengaged. The throttle lock-out
mustbe pressedbeforethe trigger can be activated.
The Throttle Lock holdsthe throttle lock-out and trigger in position while the engine is being started.
Release the throttte!ockafterthe engine isstartedby
lightly squeezing the trigger.
Figure 13
iiii
B, STARTING
ii
INSTRUCTIONS
AWARNING
Always wear gloves; safety footwear; snug-fitting
clothing; and eye, hearing, and head protection
devices when operating a chain saw.
i
2, STARTING PROCEDURE
CONDITIONS
FOR VARYING
NOTE: Be sure to follow "1. Basic Procedure;' as
describedon this page.
a. COLD ENGINE
1. BASIC PROCEDURE
a. Set the saw on flat ground making certain the
saw chain isfree to turn without contacting any
object. Figure 14.
b. Move start/stop switch to the "Start" position.
c. Push down on thethrottle lock-out, squeeze the
trigger, press and hold down the throttle lock,
then slowly release the trigger.
d. Adjust choke according to "Starting Procedure
for Varying Conditions'; this page.
e. Hold front handlebar with left hand & place right
foot through rear handle to stabilize saw.Figure14.
f. Pull starter rope quickly with your right hand.
g, Squeezethrottle trigger to release the throttle
lock allowing engine to idle,
!.) Pull choke to full choke position. Figure 13.
2.) Pull starter rope until engine attempts to run.
3.) Push choke until half position is felt. Figure 13,
4.) Pull starter rope until engine runs.
5.) After 5 second warm up, push choke to the off position, Figure 13.
_WARNING
Avoid bodily contact with the muffler when starting or
using a warm engine to avoid serious burns.
b. WARM ENGINE
1.) Leavechoke at the off position. Figure 13,
2.) Pull starter rope until engine runs.
c. REFUELED WARM ENGINE AFTER
RUNNING OUT OF FUEL
The chain must not move when the engine runs at idle
Adjustments" for
Jspeed. Refer to "Carburetor
,_WARNING
correction.
h, Stop engine by moving the startlstop switch
to the "STOP" position (Figure !3).
STARTING POSITION
HOLD FRONT HANDLE-BAR
AND PLACE RIGHT
FOOT THROUGH HANDLE.
1,) Pull choke to fullchoke position, Figure'13.
2,) Pull starter rope until engine attempts to run.
3.) Push choke to the off position. Figure 13.
4.) Pull starter rope until engine runs.
3. IMPORTANT
POINTS TO REMEMBER
a. When pulling the starter rope, do not usethe full
extentofthe ropeas thiscan causethe ropeto break.
Do not letthe starterrope snap back. Hold the handle and let the rope rewind slowly.
b. If engine floods, letthe unitset for a few minutes,
then repeat starting procedure using half-choke.
c. Forcold weather starting, allowenginetowarm up
(1-2 rain.) at half-chokethen close choke.Do notcut
with the choke at the "full" or "half" position.
Figure 14
11
llllIII
II
TYPES
I
III II
I
II
IIIIIIII
lllJl
I
OF CUTTING
Illll II
A.
BASIC
II III
CUTTING
TECHNIQUE
1. IMPORTANT
POINTS.
a. Cut wood only. Do not cut metal, plastics,
masonry,non-wood buildingmaterials, etc.Do not
use your saw to pry or shove away limbs, rootsor
other objects.
b,
Stop the saw if the chain strikes a foreign
object. Inspect the, unit and repair or replace
parts as necessary.
C,
Keep the chain out of dirt and sand. Even a
small amount of dirt will quickly dull a chain and
thus, increase the possibilityof kickback.
KICKBACK
3. PROCEDURE
a. Accelerate the engine to full throttle just before
entering the cut by squeezing the throttle trigger.
b. Begin cutting with the saw frame or spur against
the wood. Figure 15,
c. Keep the engine at full throttle the entire time you
are cutting.
d. Allow the chain to cut for you; exert only light
downward pressure. If you force the cut, damage to
the bar,chain, or engine can result.
WARNING
Kickback can occur when the moving chain contacts an
object at the upper portion of the tip of the guide bar or
when the wood closes in and pinches the saw chain in
the cut. Contact at the upper portion of the tip of the
guidebarcan cause the chain to dig into the object and
stop the chain for an instant. The result is a lightning
fast, reverse reaction which kicks the guide bar up and
back toward the operator. If the saw chain is pinched
along the top of the guide bar, the guide bar can be
driven rapidly back toward the operator. Either of these
reactions can cause loss of saw control which can
result in serious injury.
2, UNDERSTAND
IIIII
REACTIVE
FORCES
e.
f.
Release the throttle trigger as soon as the cut is
completed, allowing the engine to idle. If you run the
saw at full throttle without a cutting load, unnecessary
wear can occur to the chain, bar,and engine.
Do not put pressure on the saw at the end of the cut
to avoid losing controlwhen the cut is complete.
g. Stop the engine before setting thesaw down after
cutting.
Practice cuttinga few small logs usingthe following technique toget the ,feel" of using your saw before you begin a
major sawingoperation.
Pinch-Kickback and Pull-In occur when the chain
is suddenly stopped by being pinched, caught, or
by contacting a foreign object in the wood. This
results in a reversalof the chain force used to cut wood
and causes the saw to move in the oppositedirection of
chain rotation. Either reaction can resultin loss ofcontroland possible serious injury.
• Pinch-Kickback
BEGIN CUTTING WITH
THE SPUR OR
SAW FRAME AGAINST
THE LOG
-- occurswhen the chain, on top of the bar issuddenly
stopped when the top of the bar is used for cutting.
-- rapidly drives the saw straight back toward the
operator
• Pull-In -- can occur when the chain on the bottom of the
bar is suddenly stopped.
- pulls the saw rapidly forward.
i
:
ii
i
...........................
Figure 15
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B.
12
TREE
FELM'NGTECHNIQUES
1.PLAN YOUR SAWING OPERATION
CAREFULLY IN ADVANCE
a. Clearthe work area. You need a clear area all
around the tree where you can have secure
footing.
b. Study the natural conditions that can cause
thetreeto fall in a particular direction:
1 .) The WIND direction and speed.
2.) The LEAN ofthetree.
3.) WEIGHTED with BRANCHES on one side.
4.) Surrounding TREES and OBSTACLES.
c. Look for decay and rot. If the trunk is rotted,
itcould snap and fall toward the operator.
d. Check for broken or dead branches which
could fall on you while cutting.
e, Makesure thereis
enoughroom forthe treeto
fall. Maintain a distance of 21/2tree lengths from
the nearest person or other objects. Engine noise
can drown out a warning call.
Remove
dirt, stones,
loose
bark, nails,
staples, and wire from the tree where cuts
areto be made.
Plan to standOn the uphill side when cutting on a slope.
Plan a clear retreat
path to the rear and
diagonal to the line of fall. Figure 17.
2. FELLING SMALL TREES m LESS THAN 6"
IN DIAMETER
a. Ifyou know the directionof fall:
1.) Make a single felling cut on the side away
from the directionof fall.
2.) Cut all the way through.
3.) Stop the saw, put it down, and get away
quickly on your planned retreat path.
b. If you are not sure which way the tree will fall,
use the notch method described for felling large
trees.
_,WARNING
DO NOT CUT:
m near electrical wires or buildings.
if you do not know the direction of tree fall.
m at night since you will not be able to see well.
mduring
bad weather -- strong wind, snow, rain,
etc.
3. FELLING LARGE
OR MORE
TREES
--
CUT
t HORIZONTAL
Figure 16
Figure 17
DIRECTION
OPENING OF
FELUNI3i CUT
OF FALL
FELUNG
6" DIAMETER
CUT
HINGE _
THE TREE 04_ STUMP
AND CONTROfLS "rilE FALL
\
J
The notch method is used to cut large trees. A
notch is cut on the side of the tree in the desired
direction of fall. After a felling cut is made on the
opposite side of the tree, the tree will tend to fatl
into the notch.
Figure 18
a. Make the notch cut. Figure 18.
1.) Cut the bottom of the notch first, through 1/3
of the diameter of the tree.
2.) Complete the notch by making the slant cut.
3.) Remove the notch of wood.
b. Make the felling cut on the opposite side of the
notch about 2" higher than the bottom of the
notch.
c. Leave enough uncut wood between the felling
cut and the notch to form a hinge. Figure 19.
Stay on the uphill side of the tree to avoid the tree rolling or sliding downhill into you.
NOTE: Before the felling cut is complete, drive
wedges to open up the cut when necessary to control the direction of fall. Use wood or plastic wedges
but never metal, to avoid kickback and chain
damage.
d. Use a wedge if there is any chance that thetree
wilt not fall in the desired direction.
DON'T PUT YOURSELF
Be alert for signs that the tree is ready to fall:
1.) cracking sounds
2.) widening of the felling cut
3r) movement in the upper branches.
e.
g.
NOTE: The hinge helps to keep the tree from
twisting and falling in the wrong direction.
Figure 19
,AWARNING
NOTE: If the tree has large buttress roots, remove
before making the notch. Cut into the buttresses
vertically, then horizontally. Figure 16.
Don't cut down wind.
VERTICAL
BUTrRESS
ROOTt
As the tree starts to fall, stop the saw; put ff
down, and get away quickly on your planned retreat path.
Be extremely cautious with partially fallen trees
that may be poorly supported. When a tree
doesn't fall completely, set the sawaside and pull
down the tree with a cable winch, block and
tackle or tractor. To avoid injury, do not cut down
a partially fallen tree with your saw.
IN THESE POSITIONS
Check the I
Don't cut on lean side.
I
C.
i u iiiiiiiiiii
I
1!
u
ii
iiii
BUCKING
Bucking is the term used for cutting a fallen tree
to the desired log size.
1. IMPORTANT
CUT
POINTS
2ND CUT
a. Cut only one log at a time.
b. Cut shattered wood very carefully. Sharp
pieces of wood could be flung toward the
operator
c. Use a sawhorse to cut small togs. Never
allow another person to hold the log while cutting and never hold the logwith your leg or foot
d. Give special attention to logs under strain to
prevent the saw from pinching. Make the first
cut on the pressure side to relieve the stress
on the log. Figure 20.
Figure 20
OVERCUT
e. Do not cut in an area where logs, limbs and
roots are tangled such as in a blown down
area. Pullout exposed and cleared logsfirst.Drag
the logsinto a clear area before cutting.
f,
.
UNDERCUT
Make the first bucking cut 1/3 of the way
through the log and finish with a 2/3 cut on the
opposite side. As the log is being cut, itwill tend
to bend. The saw can become pinched or hung in
the log if you make the first cut deeper than 1/3 of
the diameter fo the log.
TYPES
OF cu'n'ING
Figure 21
WEDGE USED TO
HOLD CUT OPEN.
USED Figure 21.
--Overcutting
- begin on the top side of the log
with the spur against the log; exert light pressure downward.
Undercutting - begin on the underside of the !og
with the spur against the log; exert light pressure
upward. During undercutting,the saw willtend to
push backat you.Be preparedfor this reactionand
hold the saw firmly to maintain control.
Figure 22
1st Cut
,A WARNING
2nd
Never turn the saw upside down to undercut. The
saw cannot be controlled in this position.
,_
WARNING
if saw becomes pinched or hung in a log, don't try to
force it out. You can lose control of the saw resulting in
injury and/or damage to the saw. Stop the saw,
drive a wedge of plastic or wood into the cut until the
saw can be removed easily. Figure 23. Restart the saw
and carefully reenter the cut. To avoid kickback and
chain damage, do not use a metal wedge. Do not
attempt to restart your saw when it is pinched or hung
in a log.
3. BUCKING m WITHOUT A SUPPORT
a. Overcut with a 1/3 diameter cut.
b, Roll log over and finishwith an overcut.
14
Figure 23
IAI
S
2nd Cut
I At
2nd Cut
1st
Cut
1st
Cut
Figure 24
4. BUCKING
-- USING
ANOTHER
LOGASA
SUPPORT
(Figure
23):
b.
In area B:
1 ,) Over cut 1/3 of the way through the log.
2.) Finish with an undercut.
AWARNING
Do not stand on the log being cut. Any portion can roll
causing loss of footing and control.
a, In area A:
1 ,) Undercut 1/3 of the way throughthelog,
2,) Finish with an overcut,
b. In areaB:
1_) Overcut, 1/3 of the way through the tog,
2,) Finish with an undercut.
=
'BUCKING -- USING A STAND (Figure 24):
a, :In area A:
1 .) Undercut 1/3 of the way through the log.
2.) Finish with an overcut.
ii i
D.
MAINTAIN SECURE FOOTING
USE COMMON SENSE
iiii
iiiiiiiiiiiiii
DEBRANCHING
AND PRUNING
.
• Work slowly, keeping both hands on the saw
with a firm grip. Maintain secure footing and balance.
• Watch out for springpoles. Use extreme caution
when cutting small size limbs, Slender material can
catch the saw chain and be whippedtoward you or pull
you off balance,
• Be alert for springback. Watch out for branches
that are bent or under pressure as you are cutting to
avoid being struck by the branch or the saw when the
tension in the wood fibers isreleased.
• Keep a clear work area. Frequently,clear branches
out ofthe way to avoidtripping over them.
PRUNING
a,
b.
Limit pruning to limbs shoulder height or
below. Do not cut if branches are higher than
your shoulder. Get a professional lo do the
job.
Refer to Figure 26 for the pruning technique.
1.) Undercut ! 3 of the way through the limb
near the trunk of the tree.
2.) Finish with an overcut farther out from the
trunk.
3.) Keep out of the way of the falling hmb.
4.) Cut the stump flush near the trunk of the
tree.
_WARNING
WARNING
Never climb into a tree to debranch or prune. Do not
stand on ladders, platforms, a log or in any position
which can cause you to lose your balance or control of
the saw.
Be alert for and guard against kickback. Do not allow
the moving chain to contact any other branches or
objects at the nose of the guide bar when debranching
or pruning. Allowing such contact can result in serious
injury,
1. DEBRANCHING
Remove small limbs
with one
a
Always debranch a tree after it is cut down.
Only thencan debranching be done safely
and properly.
b. Leave the larger lower limbs to support the
tree as you work.
c Start at the base of the felled tree and work
towards the top, cutting branches and limbs.
Remove small limbs with one cut. Figure 25.
d. Keep the tree between you and the chain.
Cut from the side of the tree opposite the
branch you are cutting
e Remove larger, supporting branches with
the t/3, 2/3 cutting techniques described in
the bucking section.
1 .) Start with an undercut.
2.) Finish with an overcut,
f. Always use an overcut to cut small and freely
hanging limbs. Undercuttingcancause limbs to
fall and pinch the saw.
Figure 25
XX/'-,J,_//,/
l!{_kl
fllt/t_SECOND
PRUN,NG
CUT
I ) THIRD
PRUNING CUT
FIRST PRUNINGCUT
Figure 26
15
ii
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i
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iii
I
MAINTENANCE
iii
iii
iii iii
ii
A good maintenance program of regular inspection
and care will increase the service life and help to maintain the safety and performance of your saw.
• Make all adjustments or repairs (except carburetor adjustments) with:
-- spark plug wire disconnected
--engine
cool as opposed to a unit that has just
been run.
Ae
QUIDE""iAR
i
II iiiiiii
• -Checkthe saw for loose bolts, screws, nuts and fittings regularly. Loosefastenerscan cause an unsafe
conditionas wellas damage toyoursaw,Toolsrequired
are described in "Preparing YourSaw For Use.','
A WARNING
Have all chain saw service performed by a qualified
service dealer with the exception of the items listed
in the maintenance section of this manual.
AND CHAIN'"
Increase the service life of your Guide Bar and
Chain by:
--Using the saw properly and as recommended
in this manual.
-- Maintaining correct chain tension. See "Chain Tension"
Proper lubrication. See "Bar and ChainLubricent"
--Regular maintenanceas
described in this sec.
tion.
1 CHAIN MAINTENANCE
• Sharpen the chain when:
-- Wood chips are small and powdery, Wood
chips made by the
saw chain should be
about the size of the teeth of the chain.
-- Saw has to be forced through the cut,
-- Saw cuts to one side.
Figure 27
LINE
Figure 28
CUTTERS
SAME LENGTH
/
REMOVE
/\
\.
CAUTION:IAIways
wear gloves when handling the chain. The chain can be sharp enough to
cut you even though it may be too dull to cut
wood.
a. SHARPENING
INSTRUCTIONS
TOP PLATE
DAMAGE
SIDE PLATE
Figure 29
items required:
Gloves
4.5mmdia. Fite
6" File Holder
Medium Flat File
Depth Gauge Tool
Vise
/
1.) Stop engine and disconnect spark plug.
------
Figure 30
2.) Adjust the chain for proper tension. See
"Chain Tension."
3.)
I
30 °
DEPTH
GAUGE
TOOL
Work at the midpoint of the bar, moving
the
chain
forward
by hand as each cutter is
filed.
4.) Sharpen
a.)
b.)
c.)
d.)
e.)
f.)
16
cutters.
Position file holderon the top plate of the cutter
and depth gauge as shown in Figure 27.
Hold the file holder level with the 30 o guide
mark parallel to the center of the chain
and lower file handle 100. Figure 27.
File from inside toward outside of cutter,
straight across, on forward stroke only. Use
2 or 3 strokes per cutting edge. Figure 28.
Keep all cutters the same length. Figure29.
File enough to remove any damage to cutting edge (side & top plate) of cutter. Figure
29.
FileP33Schaintomeetspecificationsshown
in
Figure 30.
Figure 31
HOOK
'
IMPROPER
_-_ROU
RIGHT
SQUARED
NDEO
CORNER
WAY
WRONG
WAY
Figure 32
,&WARNING
Maintain the proper hook angle according to the
manufacturer's specification for the chain you are
using. Improper hook angle will increase the chance of
kickback which can result in serious injury. Figure
30 & 32.
5.) Correct Depth Gauges
a.) Place depth gauge tool over each cutter
depth gauge, Figure 31.
b.)
File level with the flat file if depth gauge is
higher than the depth gauge toot.
c,) Maintain rounded front corner of depth
gauge with a flat file. Figure 31 &32.
NOTE: The very top of the depth gauge
should be fiat with the front half rounded
off with a flat file.
_WARNING
Depth gauge tool is required to insure proper depth
gauge. Filing the depth gauge too deep will increase
the chance of kickback which can result in serious
injury.
b. CHAIN REPLACEMENT
1.) Use onlythe Low-KickChain specified for
your saw in "Specifications"
for replacement chain.
2.) Replace the chain when cutters or links
break,
3.) See a qualified service dealer to replace
and sharpen individual cutters for matching your chain.
4) Always have a worn sprocket replaced by
a qualified service dealer when installing
a new chain to avoid excessive wear to the
chain,
2. GUIDE BAR MAINTENANCE
• Conditions Which can require guide bar
maintenance:
m saw cuts to one side
-- saw has to be forced through a cut
-- inadequate supply of oil to bar and chain,
• Check the condition of the guide bar each time
the chain is sharpened. A worn guide bar will
damage the chainand make cutting more difficult.
• Replace the guide bar when:
-- the inside groove of the guide bar roils is
worn.
-- the guide bar is bent or cracked.
• Use only the Reduced-Kickback Guide Bar
specified for your saw in "Specifications,"
for
replacement.
a.
b.
Remove the guide bar to service.
Clean oil holes at least once for each five
hours of operation, Figure 33.
c. Remove sawdust from the guide_bar
groove periodically
with a putty knife or
a wire. Figure 33.
d. Remove burrs by filing the side edges
of the guide bar grooves square with a
flat file. Figure 34.
e.. Restore square edges to an uneven rail
top by filing with a flat file, Figure 34,
REMOVE SAWDUST
FROM
GUIDE
BAR GROOVE
CORRECT
GUIDE BAR
GROOVE
WORN
GROOVES
FILE EDGES
SQUARE
HOLES
Figure 34
Figurs 33
B, SPARK
ARRESTOR
AND SPARK
PLUG
HEAT SHIELD
1. SPARK ARRESTOR
•
Carbon deposits build up on the spark arrestor, as the saw isused and must be removed to
avoid creating a fire hazard or causing engine damage.
•
Replace the spark arrestor if breaks occur.
•
Keep the spark arrestor clean at all times.Clean.
-- as required
--at
least once for each 25-30 hours of
operation
Items required:
-- wire brush,
-- 3/8" wrench
a.
b.
c.
d.
Disconnect the spark plug wire,
Remove the heat shield, Figure 35,
Remove the screen from the diffuser.
Clean the screen with a wire brush or replace if
breaks are found.
e. Reassemble parts.
DIFFUSER
SPARK ARRESTOR! SCREEN
Figure 35
2. SPARK
PLUG
•
Replace the spark plug when necessary:
•
If you perform this maintenance yourself,note
the "Caution" below.
I CAUTION:IDo
not mix chrome-colored fan
housing screws with the black-colored cylinder
shroud screws. Other than color, these screws are
similar in appearance; but if interchanged, they
can strip out and/or cause permanent engine
damage.
17
/ iii ii]1111111
ilJl/ J/irll
C.
i
STARTER
•
•
iiii
A starter rope that breaks next to the pulley can be
repaired.
Replacethe starter rope if the rope breaks more than
2-3 inches away from the pulley as the rope will be
too short to repair properly.
A
WARNING
Always wear eye protection when servicing the
starter rope. The recoil spring beneath the pulley
is under tension. If the spring pops out, serious
injury can result.
NOTE: The recoil spring,located beneath the pulley,
is under tension. If the spring pops out, it will
require considerable time and effort the
reinstall. For this reason, you may want to let a
qualifiedservice dealer handle this repair. If youdo
tryto repairthestarterrope and therecoilspringpops
out, take the unitto a qualifiedservice dealer.
1 Remove the four screws on the side of the fan
housing. Figure 36,
ICAUTION:I Do not mix chrome-colored fan
housing screws with the black-colored cylinder
shroud screws. Other than color, these screws
are similar in appearance; but if interchanged,
they can strip out and/or cause permanent
engine damage.
2. Remove the fan housing.
3. Ifthe starter rope isbroken, proceed to step "4:' If the
starter rope is not broken, release the tension on the
spring as follows:
a. Pull about 12 inches of rope from the pulley and
catch the rope in the notch as shown in Figure 37.
b. Turn the pulleycounterclockwise _
untilthe
spring tension is released.
4_ Unthread the pulley screw in the center of the pulley
with a 5/32" allen wrench until the pulley assembly
can be removed from the fan housing.
5. Lift the PUlleycarefu//ywhile gentlytwisting the pulley
counterclockwise _
. Remove the old rope.
6. Move away from the fuel tank and mett the end of the
new rope to go intothe pulley.
7. Allow the melted end to drip once; then while the
rope is stillhot, pull the melted end through a rag
to obtain a smooth, pointed end.
8. Feedthe ropethrough the round starter hole in the
the fan housing. Figure 38.
9. Guide rope inside pulley, then through topsidepulley
hole by pushing the rope from the underside hole
with a small round object, such as a Phillips
screwdriver. See inset. Figure 38.
10. Tie a knot inthe end of the rope leaving no morethan
a 3/8 to 1/4inch tail and pull the knot snugly intothe
corner of the groove in the pulley. Figure 37.
11. Tuck the tail on the rope knot into the inner curved
section to avoid interference with the flywheel. Figure 37 & 39.
12. Settheputleyassemblyinthehousing;
and engage the spring.
/
CHROME-COLORED
'-'--
(See "Caution"
SCREWS
under Step 1)
NOTE: Ifyou remove the pulley screw from the pulley
make sure the starter dog, retainer, cam and wave
washer are positioned and installed properly as
shown in Figure 38,
14. Make sure the cam is installed on the starter dog in
the direction shown in Figure 38. Also make sure the
wave washer isseated around the top outer edge of
the retainer and not caught between the top of the
retainer and the pulley screw.
15. Catch the rope in the notch in the pulley. Figure 39.
16. Turn the pulley clockwise _
to wind up the
springuntil it will turn no more without forcing. Do not
letgo of the pulley. Letthe pulley unwind one fult turn
and release the rope from the slot.Continue to hold
pulley.
17. Hold the pulley, pull the starter rope to the full extent
of length then let the rope rewind slowly.
18. Reinstall fan housing and the four chrome_colored
screws. Tighten screws securely.
PHILLIPS
SCREWDRIVER
Figure 38
Figure36
TURN PULLEY
TO RELEASE
TENSION
Figure 37
push itdown
13. Tighten the pulley screw.
STARTER_
DOG
"#
18
iii iiiiii
ROPE
TURN PULLEY
CLOCKWISE
TO WIND
SPRING
Route 39
I I
D.
I
CARBURETOR
IIIIIIIII[IIIIIIIIII
IIII
I
I II
I
II IIIIII
I
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ADJUSTMENTS
•
Poor engine performance can bea result of other
causes such as dirty air filter, carbon build-up on
muffler outlets, etc. See "Trouble Shooting
Chart" before proceeding with carburetor
adjustments.
• Forthe best results, Beaird-Poulan recommends
that you have a qualified service dealer make all
carburetor adjustments. "Your
dealer has thetraining,experience and toolsnecessary to properly adjust
your saw to meet our factory performance specifications. This service is not covered by warranty. If +t
becomes necessary for you to make carburetor
adjustments yourself, followthe described procedures
very carefully.
• The carburetor has been adjusted at the factory
for sea level conditions. Adjustmentsmay become
necessary if the unit is used at s{gnificantlyhigher
altitudes or if you notice any ofthe following conditions:
NOTE: Be sure to properly prepare the saw as
described in "1. Preparation" below, before making
any adjustments.
--Chain moves when the engine runs at idle
speed. See "2. idle Speed Adjustment."
-- Saw will not idle. See "2. Idle Speed Adjustment" and "3. Low Speed Mixture Adjustment."
-- Engine dies or hesitates when it should accelerate. See "4. Acceleration Adjustment."
-- Loss of cutting power which is not corrected
by air filter cleaning. "See" 5. High Speed Mixture Adjustment."
I CAUTION:I Permanent damage will occur to any
2-cycle engine if incorrect carburetor adjustments are made.
• If the unit will not operate properlyafter making
these adjustments, take the unit to a qualified
service dealer.
WARNING
The chain will be moving during most ofthis procedure.
Wear your protective gear and observe all safety
precautions.
1. PREPARATION
a. Stop engine.
b. Use a fresh fuel mixture with proper gasolinel
oil ratio.
c. Place the saw on asolid, flatsurfaceand makesure
the chain will not contact any object.
d. Locate the three (3) carburetor adjusting screw
openings to the right ofthe air filtercover.Figure 40.
e. Start the engine and allow engineto idle 3 minutes
to warm up. The engine must be at operating
temperature for proper adjustments to be made.
IDLE
Figure 40
2. IDLE SPEED ADJUSTMENT
a. Allow engine to idle.
b. AdjustIdle Speed Screw untilenginecontinuesto
run withoutstalling and withoutthechain moving.
--Turn screw clockwise _
to increase
engine speed ff engine stallsor dies.
-- Turnscrew counterclockwise _
to slow
engine down and/or to keep the chain from
turning.
c. No further adjustments are necessary if the
chain does not move at idle speed and if performance is satisfactory.
_ILWARNING
Recheck idle speed after each adjustment below. The
chain must not move at idle speed to avoid serious
injury.
3. LOW SPEED MIXTURE
ADJUSTMENT
a, Allow engine to idle.
b Turn the Low Speed Mixture Screw slowly
clockwise _
until the RPM starts to drop.
Note the position,.
c. Turnthe Low Speed Mixture Screw counterclockwise _
untilthe RPM speeds up and starts
to drop again. Note the position.
d. Set the Low Speed Mixture Screw at the midpoint between the two positions.
4. ACCELERATION ADJUSTMENT
If engine dies or hesitates instead of accelerating, turn
the LOwSpeed Mixture ScR,w 1/16of aturn at a time
counterclockwise _
until you have smooth
acceleration.
5. HIGH SPEED MIXTURE ADJUSTMENT
I CAUTION:] Adjustments as small as 1/16 of a
turn can affect engine performance. It is important to turn the screw only 1/16of a turn per adjustment and test the performance of the saw before
making further adjustments.
a. Make a test cut.
b. Adjust the High Speed Mixture Screw 1/16of a turn
as follows:
-- Clockwise _
if saw smokes or loses power.
-- Counterclockwise _
if the saw has speed
out of the cut but lacks power in the cut.
c. Repeat test cut.
d. Continue 1116of a turn adjustments until the saw
runs smoothly in cut.
tCAUTION: ] Atoo lean high speed setting (clockwise _
adjustment) will cause engine
damage to any 2+cycle engine from overheating
and lackof lubrication. Never set the high speed
mixture screw so far clockwise _
that you
have high speed but lack power while cutting. An
effective approach follows:
--Turn screw counterclockwise _until
engine loses power while cutting.
-- Then, turn screw clockwise _
in 1/16 of a
turn increments only until the engine has
power while cutting.
NOTE: If the unit will not operate properly after
making these adjustments, take the unitto a qualified
service dealer.
19
I
iiiiiiiii
E. CLUTCH
i
AND DRUM/SPROCKET
F.
AIR
i ii
FILTER
• A dirty air filter:
-- reduces cutting power
-- increases fuel consumption
_WARNING
Do not start engine without Guide Bar, Chain, and Bar
Clamp Housing completely assembled. The clutch can
come off without the guide bar and chain completely
assembled and serious injury can result. The clutch
shoes and drum can separate causing the clutch to
violently
fly
apart
and
serious injury can
result.
• Clean the air filter:
-- frequently, especially in very dusty conditions.
-. always after 10 tanks of fuel mixture or 5 hours
of operation, whichever is less.
• Replace the air filter if any damage occurs to it.
• Take the saw to a qualified service dealer for full
clutch inspection and service after each 100 hours
of operation. It is recommended thatyou do not tryto
service the clutch or drum/sprocket yourself unless you
are a competent smal! engine mechanic and have the
proper clutch service tools, Proper disassembly and
repair of the clutch is extremely important to the life.of
the engine and the safety of the operator.
ICAUTION:J Never operate the unit without the
air filter in place to avoid damage to the engine.
Items Required: soft bristled brush, such as a paint
brush,
1_ Clean off the carbu retor cover and the area around it.
2. Pull choke to the full position (Figure 13)to prevent dirt
from entering the carburetor.
3. Remove the carburetor cover.
4, Remove the air filter carefully, Figure 42.
5. Remove single top screw and separate the two halves.
• Clutch maintenance
is required when:
--the
chain continues to turn while engine idles
after the idle speed screw has been adjusted,
6, Brush away all dust and debris from the filter
slippage occurs during a cut.
-- a chattering noise occurs during cutting.
7
8
9.
10.
• Clean the clutch, drum, sprocket and surrounding
area daily during heavy use of the saw.Check to see
that the clutch drum turns freely and smoothly.
• Inspect the sprocket regularly for wear. A worn
, sprocket wilt make the chain run erratically and will
shorten the life of the bar and chain. Figure 41.
11.
ICAUTION:] Do not use gasoline or other flammable liquid to clean the filter to avoid creating
a fire hazard.
Soak filter in soap and water,
Allowfilter todry.
Reassemble filter.
Brush away all debris from surfaces on which the
filter is to be placed.
Replace the filter and carburetor cover,
• Always have a worn sprocket replaced, by a
qualifed service dealer whenever a new chain is
installed in order to gain the full life expectancy
of the chain.
AIF FILTER
WEAR
Figure 41
Figure 42
I1[[11
IIIIIIII
[[11111
STORAGE
When your saw is to be stored for over 30 days always:
1. Drain fuel tank in a safe manner. See "Fueling Your
Engine:'
2
2O
Start engine and allow to run at idle speed until the
engine stops.
,
Drain oil tank.
4. Remove clean, and dry the bar and chain.
5, Store the chain in a container filled with oil to prevent rust.
.
Apply a coating of oil to the entire surface of the bar
and wrap it in heavy paper, cloth or plastic.
NOTE: This will remove most of the fuel from the
fuel system,
7,
[CAUTION:] Wear protective gloves when handling the chain. The chain is sharp and can cut
you even when it is not moving.
8. Storet he saw in a dry place out of the reach of child ren
and away from where fuel vaporscan reach sparksor
open flames from hot water heaters, furnaces, etc,
Clean the outside surfaces of the engine,
i_¸
. ,
: •
H.
:
, .
i
•
ii
TROUBLE
i
SHOOTING
iUllllllll
iiiiiiii
i
CHART
TROUBLE
CAUSE
REMEDY
ENGINE
1.
2,
3.
4,
5.
1,
, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
WILL NOT START
Ignition Switch off.
Fueltank empty,
SparkPlug notfiring.
Engine flooded.
Fuel not reaching carburetor.
2.
3.
4,
5.
6. Compression low.
,
ENGINE WILL NOT IDLE
PROPERLY
6.
Move switch to "Start,"
Fill tank with correct fuel mixture.
Install new plug andlor check ignition system.
See Starting Instructions.
Check for dirty fuel filter; clean. Check for
kinked or split fuel line; repair or replace.
Contact a qualified service dealer.
,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
............
3. Low speed screw requires adjustment,
4, Crankshaft seals worn.
5. Compression low.
Adjust idle speed screw ciockwise to
increase speed.
2,
Adjust idle speed screw counterclockwise
to reduce speed.
3, See Carburetor Adjustments,
4, Contact a qualified service deale[
5. Contact a qualified service dealer.
ENGINE WILL NOT
ACCELERATE,
LACKS
POWER OR DIES
IN THE CUT
,1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2.
3.
4.
5,
ENGINE SMOKES
EXCESSIVELY
t. Choke partially on.
2, Air filter dirty,
3Oil rich fuel mixture,
2.
3.
4. High speed needle requires adjustment.
5. Crankcase leak,
4.
5.
Push Choke Knob in,
Clean or replace air filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill with correct fuel
mixture,
See Carburetor Adjustments.
Contact a qualified service dealer,
1. Idle speed set too low.
2.
Idle speed set too high,
Air filter is dirty.
Spark plug fouled,
Carbon buitd:up on exhaust ports.
Carburetor requires adjustment.
Low Compression.
Clean or replace air filter,
Clean or replace Spark Plug and regap.
Contact a qualified service dealer,
See Carburetor Adjustments,
Contact a qualified service dealer,
,,
, ,,,....
ENGINE
RUNS
HOT
, ,, ,,,,,
, ,,,,,...............
1.
2,
3,
4.
5.
6.
Fan Housing dirty.
Fuel Mixture incorrect.
Spark Plug incorrect.
High Speed Mixture set too low,
Carbon build-up on spark arrestor screen,
Carbon build-up on exhaust ports.
1,
2,
3,
4.
5.
6,
Clean fan housing,
See Engine Fuel Mixture.
Replace with correct plug.
See Carburetor Adjustments.
Clean spark arrestor screen.
Contact a qualified service dealer.
OIL INADEQUATE FOR
BAR AND CHAIN
LUBRICATION
l.
2.
3.
4,
Oil tank empty.
Improperly adjusted oiler. (If so equipped.)
Oif pump or oiI filter clogged,
Guide bar oil hole blocked.
1.
2.
3.
4,
Fill oil tank,
Adjust oiler.
Contact a qualified service dealer.
Remove bar and ctean,
CHAIN MOVES AT
IDLE SPEED
_1. ldle speed requires adjustment,
2. Clutch requires repair.
CHAIN DOES NOT MOVE
1. See Carburetor Adjustments.
2, Contact a qualified service dealer.
l r Chain tension too tight.
1. See Chain Tension.
2. Carburetorrequiresadjustment.
2. See Carburetor Adjustments,
3. Guide bar rails pinched.
4. Clutch slipping.
3. Repairor replace.
4. Contact a qualified service dealer.
1. Chain tension incorrect,
2- Cutters damaged after striking foreign
material.
3. Chain wear due to contact with dirt. sand
or frozen wood.
4. Cutters dull, improperly sharpened; depth
gauges too high,
5, Sprocket worn,
1, See Chain Tension.
2. Contact a qualifed service dealer.
CHAIN STOPS WITHIN
THE CUT
1. Chain cutter tops not filed flat.
2- Guide bar burred or bent; rails uneven,
3, Clutch slipping.
1. See Chain Sharpening instructions.
2, Repair or replace Guide Bar.
3. Contact a qualified service dealer..
CHAIN CUTS AT
AN ANGLE
1. Cutters damaged on one side.
1, Resharpen until all cutters have equal
angles and lengths.
2. Resharpen until all cutters have equal
angles and lengths,
3. Replace guide bar,
WHEN ENGINE IS
ACCELERATED
CHAIN CLATTERS OR
CUTS ROUGHLY
2.
3.
Chain dull on one side,
Guide bar bent, or worn.
3. Resharpenorrepface
chain,
4.
See Chain Sharpening
Instructions.
5.
Contact a qualifed service dealer.
21
imll
iii iii
ilnl iii
i. MAINTENANCE
CHART
Visual inspection (condition, leaks)
Complete
machine
Clean
Throttle trigger, safety throttle lock, stop switch
Check operation
X
Clean Felt
Filter in fuel tank
........
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
,,,,....
Replace pick-up -- when clogged or dirty
.........
L ,,,,
Fuel tank
:Clean
.
,,,,,,,,, .
"
x
,
Chain oil tank
Clean
Chain lubrication
Check
x
Inspect (sharpness, wear, damage)
x
x
Check chain tension
x
x
,.,
x
Saw chain
Sharpen -- when dull
Inspect (wear, damage)
x
Clean
Guide bar
x
Lubricate sprocket nose
.
x
Deburr
x
Replace -- when worn or damaged
Chain sprocket
Check
x
,,,,,,,.,, ,,.,,
,,
Clean
x
Air filter
Replace -- when worn or damaged
Exhaust ports
Clean
Cylinder fins
Clean
X
Check idle adjustmentchain must not turn
Carburetor
Readjust idle -- when chain turns at idle
Replace -- when fouled or damaged
Spark plug
All accessible
screws and nuts
(not adjusting screws)
Retighten
Inspect (tears, rips, separation, out-of-round)
Vibration mounts
Replace - when necessary
Clean -- when clogged or dirty
Spark arrestor screen
Replace--
22
when worn or damaged
X
I IIII1"11 El
I
IIIII
POULAN ® ACCESSORIES
I III
IIIIII
I
IIIl II IIII
IllIII
IIIIllllll
IIIIII
See your Poulan ® dealer for accessories and parts.
Safety Goggles ......................
Safety Face Shield ...................
Electric Sharpener (with all stones) ......
Replacement Stones ..................
File- Flat - 6" ..............
: ........
File - Round - 4.5mm ..................
File & Holder .......................
Depth Gauge .......................
Bar Wrench ........................
Carry Case .........................
Safety Helmet .......................
Sound Suppressor ...................
Spark Plug .........................
Air Filter .................
.... . ......
Fuel & Oil Caps .......................
2.cycle Engine Oil
3.2 oz.-40:1 .........................
8 oz.-40:1 ........................
iiiiiii
Bar & Chain Lubricant
32 oz ............................
I gal .............................
Chain Brake Kit .....................
Handguard .........................
Reduced Kickback Guide Bar
16" ...........................
18" ...........................
20". ..........................
Replaceable Sprocket Nose Kit .........
Low-Kickback Chain
16" - 66 drive links ..................
18" - 72 drive links ..................
20" - 78 drive links ..................
Sprocket ...........................
Illustrated Parts List ..................
Operator's Manual ...................
952-062003
952-701601
952-800516
952-093094
952-055027
952-055068
952-055069
952-050028
952-041096
952-030111
952-030013
952-006315
952-030120
952-010892
952.010859
952.030133
952-030128
i
II
III II/
952-030129
952-030130
952-069201
952-027181
952-044324
952-044325
952-044326
952-055072
952-051301
952-051313
952-051310
952-048086
530-067185
530-067184
I IIIIIIII
III IIIIHII
III
NOTES
23
PARTS AND SERVICE
Your Poulan ®/Weed EateP product has been expe_ly engineered and carefully
manufactured to rigid quality standards. As with all mechanical products, someadjustments or part replacement may be necessary during the life of your tool.
FORSERVICE
OR REPLACEMENT
PARTS:
11.Consult the yellow pages of your phone directory for the name of the nearest
Poulan/Weed Eater Master ServiceDealer(under "saws" for Chain Saws or under
"lawnmowers" for Trimmers, Brushcutters and Blowers) or Skil Service Center
(under "tools-electric").
2. For replacement parts, have available the following information:
a. Description of the unit.
b. Model number.
c. Part Number or description of part.
NOTE: Poulan/Weed Eater Division provides parts and service through its authorized
distributors and dealers; therefore, all requests for parts and service should
be directed to your local dealer(s). The philosophy of Poulan/Weed Eater Division is to continually improve all of its products. Written notices of changes
and improvements are sent to authorizedPoulan/weed
Eater Dealers. If the
operating characteristics or the appearance of you r product differs from those
described in this Operator's'
Manual,
please contact _ur
local
Poulan/weed Eater Dealer for updated information and assistance.
Always update your tool when improvements
are made available,
especially those related to safety. Parts and repair service are not available
directly from Poulan/Weed Eater Division White Consolidated Industries,
Inc.
POULAN/WEED
_m,
EATER
DIVISION WHITE CONSOLIDATED
Shreveport, Louisiana 71139-9329
530'067184- 3-10889
INDUSTRIES,
INC.
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