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safety@info Setting up Portable Ladders
Setting up Portable Ladders
Falling from a portable ladder can
result in serious injuries. Users must
be aware of the potential hazards
associated with using different types
of ladders and the appropriate
precautions which should always be
followed for each type.
Do’s:
· Get help when using a heavy or
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long ladder.
Ensure that the ladder is not used
near any live electrical wires.
Ensure the working area around
the base and top of the ladder is
free of objects, tools and litter.
To protect against slipping,
properly secure the ladder both at
the top and at the bottom.
When working in a doorway or
passageway, use barricades and
warning signs around the work
area.
The ladder feet should be situated
¼ of the ladder’s working length
away from the bottom of the
structure.
The ladder should extend at least
1 metre (3 ft) above a landing
platform (surface being accessed).
Ensure the ladder is stable and
has steady footing by utilizing
non-slip feet, securing the base of
the ladder or by having a person
support the ladder
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Working on Portable Ladders
· Prior to setting up the ladder, ensure there are no electrical wires
above the work area.
· Make sure your boot soles are cleaned prior to climbing the ladder.
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Don’ts:
· Never use the ladder as a scaffold
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or a runway.
Never substitute another object
(e.g. chair, box) for a ladder.
Never try to make a longer ladder
by attaching two shorter ladders
because the side rails are not
designed to handle the additional
length or weight.
A ladder should never be utilized
in an area where a person or
vehicle may bump into it
Never lean ladders against, weak,
moveable or bendable surface.
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Do not mount ladder with wet soles. Footwear should always be in
good shape.
Always face the ladder when ascending or descending and while
performing work while standing on it.
Your body should always be positioned within the side rails of the
ladder.
Only one person should be on a standard ladder at a time. For
double-width or double sided ladders designed for two people, a
maximum of two people can be on the ladder at any time.
When climbing or descending always make sure either two hands
and one foot or two feet and one hand are in contact with the ladder
at all times. This is called a “three point contact”.
When working at a fixed level ensure that both feet and the lower
legs are in contact with the ladder if both hands are being used. The
use of both hands without being tied off is only safe when standing
at an elevation on the ladder that is less than the spread distance of
the legs of the ladder.
Use a safety harness when you are working at a minimum of 3 m (10
ft) above the ground or when you will be working with both hands.
When going up or down the ladder, your body should always be
facing the ladder and you should grip the rungs tightly with both
hands. In the event that you happen to slip, rungs are easier to
grasp than the side rails.
Wearing footwear with slip-resistant soles and heels helps to reduce
the likelihood of slipping.
If the task involves the use of electrical equipment, make sure the
equipment is in good working condition and is properly grounded.
Never attempt to carry objects or tools in your hands while going up
or down a ladder. Always secure tools to your belt or have the
materials hoisted.
Never stand on the higher rungs to complete task. The probability of
falling increases if a person doesn’t maintain physical contact with
the ladder.
If the work is not easily reached from the ladder - descend the ladder
and move the ladder closer to the desired position.
Never
overreach.
PORTABLE
LADDERS
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